null  User manual
USER’S
MANUAL
C11- MULTIFUNTCION CNC BOARD
Rev. 9.9
FEBRUARY, 2015
User’s Manual
Page i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page #
1.
Overview ............................................................................................................................ 1
2.
Features ............................................................................................................................. 1
3.
Specifications.................................................................................................................... 3
4.
BOARD DESCRIPTION...................................................................................................... 4
5.
Special Functions ............................................................................................................. 5
5.1 Safety Charge Pump “SCHP”. (Pin 17) ....................................................................... 5
5.2 Variable Speed Control. (Pin 14) ................................................................................. 6
5.3 Electromechanical relays. (Pins 1 and 16) .................................................................. 9
5.4 Using the COM configuration jumper ........................................................................ 10
5.5 External Enable Pin ..................................................................................................... 10
6.
Functional Block Diagrams ............................................................................................ 11
6.1 Outputs 2-9 simplified functional block diagram ...................................................... 11
6.2 Outputs 1, 14, 16 and 17 simplified functional block diagram ................................. 11
6.3 Input simplified functional block diagram ................................................................. 12
7.
Wiring diagrams .............................................................................................................. 12
7.1 Connecting Switches or push button. ....................................................................... 13
7.2 Connecting NPN sensors. .......................................................................................... 13
7.3 Connecting PNP sensors. .......................................................................................... 16
7.4 Other connection. ....................................................................................................... 17
8.
Dimensions...................................................................................................................... 18
User’s Manual
Page i
1. OVERVIEW
This card has been designed to provide a flexible interface and functions to your
computer projects, by using the parallel port control software. This board provides a
faster way to connect devices and reduce the possibility of wiring errors.
2. FEATURES
 IEEE 1284 Standard compatible
Includes the circuitry recommended by the IEEE 1284 Level 1 standards for
bidirectional parallel communications between personal computers and peripherals
 PULL-UP or PULL-DOWN selection for inputs
Includes jumpers to select the best input configuration for your application
Fully optoisolator
The card isolates connections to protect your computer from short-circuit. An optoisolator is an integrated circuit that transmits the signal through an encapsulated LED
and phototransistor. When the signal is on, the LED lights up, the phototransistor
captures it and relays the signal. The signals are transmitted through light and not
through physical connections. In this way, a power surge has no way of reaching your
computer. That is the reason why this card has two power connections. One power
connection is power powering the circuit that interacts with the PC; the other connection
is for powering the circuit that interacts with your CNC system. Extra precautions have
been taken when designing this circuit, by taking into consideration the extremely high
voltages that stepper drivers can achieve and lack of experience that some users could
have in wiring circuits of this kind. This board keeps the grounds of the PC isolated from
the grounds of the rest of your CNC circuit.
 Support for up to 150 KHz optoisolation on step and direction signals.
New on this revision is that the optoisolation circuit has been optimized and now
supports full optoisolation at speeds over 150 kHz.
 Built-in Passive Low Pass Filters for the all signal.
This board includes low pass filters to reduce the effect of the noise from the drivers or
other devices over the signals.
 Microcontroller based SCHP.
This board comes with a microcontroller that allows the implementation of a complex
algorithm for sampling and analyzing the SCHP signal.
 All TTL 5VDC signals
Interface directly with parallel port interface products and other CNC4PC cards. 5VDC
(TTL) cards are very common among automation devices.
User’s Manual
Page 1
 Buffered outputs.
All outputs are buffered through the use of high speed and high current buffers, with the
result that your devices receive all the power they need.
 Easy installation of an On/Off switch, you can control the card externally
An On/Off or a Safety Charge Pump can easily be installed to enable or disable the
card. CNC machines could be dangerous and, remember, safety comes first. This card
is provided with an extra pin (EN) that allows you to control the card externally by
enabling or disabling outputs. The card must have +5vdc supplied to the EN terminal to
enable outputs.
 Status LEDs on all inputs and output connections
No more guessing. You can SEE all your signals. Save valuable time and brainpower
for CNC ing. To avoid remaining current to the main load (driver or other device), all the
indicator LEDs are driven by independent buffers of the ones that drive de output.
 Built-in Variable Speed Control.
It has an optoisolated analog 0-10VDC output that will convert a PWM signal into an
analog signal that can be used to command a commercial VFD. This analog can be
adjusted using on-board potentiometer, so this board can be adjusted to other voltages.
 3 Built-in Electromechanical Relays with NO and NC positions.
 Input and output pins with close by ground connections.
Forget about grounding problems. Easily connect your pin by using your close by
ground connection. No need to be an electronics expert to ground all your stuff. The
terminals next to pins 2-9 can be set to have +5VDC or GND according to your needs.
There is a jumper that allows you to select +5VDC or GND for the COM pins.
 Works directly with popular CNC hardware and software.
That goes for Geckdrive, DeskCNC or Rutex and parallel port control software such as
mach2, Linux EMC, Turbo CNC, CNC Zeus and other/ (Not all have been tested).

Spring Latching Terminals
You only have to screw-on the wires to make all your connections.
User’s Manual
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3. SPECIFICATIONS
DIGITAL OUTPUT SPECIFICATIONS
Number of outputs
12
(5V power supply voltage) +
Maximum output voltage
0.5V
Typical output current
24mA
Maximum off-state voltage
0.44 V
Typical signal delay
3uS
Time of transition to high impedance state
120mS*
DIGITAL INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
Numbers of inputs
On-state voltage range
Maximum off-state voltage
Typical signal delay
5
2 to 5V DC
0.8V
2.8uS
Time passed since a fault in the SCHP signal is detected and the outputs are disabled.
The recommended pulse width for the inputs and outputs is 2us.
User’s Manual
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4. BOARD DESCRIPTION
Requirements:
It requires a [email protected] power supply to operate
WARNING: To keep the output signals optoisolated, these must not have common
ground or connections to current with other circuits you are using.
You will require a voltmeter to fine tune your system
User’s Manual
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5. SPECIAL FUNCTIONS
5.1 Safety Charge Pump “SCHP”. (Pin 17)
This board takes advantage of Mach ability to send a specific frequency through one of
the pins of the parallel port when the program is in control of the system. CNC
machinery can be very dangerous, and you could have a risk of the machine doing
something different that what you intend the machine to do if the program loses control
of your system. Mach be can be programmed in a way, so when it is “in control”, it
delivers a 12.5 KHz signal through one of the pins. This card lets you use this signal to
work as an On/Off switch for your system, enabling a powerful safety system for your
equipment. If you ever had windows crash on you, then this card is for you. The port
can also do weird things while the system is coming up, or down.
For Configuring the Charge Pump in Mach X: Use the dialog Config / Ports and
pins / Output Signals. Enable the Charge Pump output and configures it as is shown in
the Fig. 8 Next, press the apply button.
Charge Pump configuration
User’s Manual
Page 5
Selecting the SCHP operation mode
The Safety Charge Pump can be activated or deactivated depending on the jumper
position.
1-2: SCHP OFF
2-3: SCHP ON
Note: When the Safety Charge Pump is activated, the EN terminal is active and a valid
SCHP signal is present, pin 17 will go high. This high signal can be used to enable
other external devices, such as enabling other Breakout Boards, or relays that would
enable servos, VFDs, contactors, etc….
5.2 Variable Speed Control. (Pin 14)
This function lets you control your spindle with PWM and direction signals, as if it was an
axis motor. It converts the PWM signal into an analog (0-10VDC).
A Variable Frequency Drive or Inverter works by modifying the frequency for AC motors.
Most of these devices with an external analog signal (0-10VDC). That is, if there is 5VDC
coming into through the control signal, the motor will run at 50% of full speed, if there was
10VDC, the motor will run at 100% of full speed. If there is no signal coming out, then the
motor will stop.
This function can also be used on many DC motor controllers by replacing the
potentiometer that controls the speed.
WARNING: You will require a voltmeter to fine tune your system.
Before connecting anything, please be sure to read your VFD’s manual and make sure
you understand all the safety issues.
User’s Manual
Page 6
Wiring:
Before connecting anything, please be sure to read your VFD’s manual and make sure
you understand all the safety issues.
Please check the wiring guide and wiring samples here:
http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/C6R5_WG.pdf and
http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/C6R5_WS.pdf
Configuring the Control Software:
It is strongly recommend you read your control software’s manual. You need to
configure your control software to control the spindle as if it was an angular axis. This
card requires a PWM input signal to deliver 10VDC. So you have to set the speed of
the motor (spindle) at maximum. For acceleration values adjust them to where you feel
comfortable. Keep in mind the acceleration of the motor must also be set in your VFD.
For configuring Mach follow these steps:
1. Go to Config / Ports &Pins / Motor Outputs. Enable the spindle and select the port and pin
you wired for step.
Ports &Pins configuration screenshot
User’s Manual
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2. Go to Config/ Output Signal/ Enable the output #1 and output #2, select port 1 and pin 1
for the output #1 and select port 1 and pin 16 for the output #2
3. Go to Config / Ports&Pins / Spindle Setup. In the motor control box, check Use Spindle
Motor Output and Step /Dir Motor. Under Pulley Ratios set the pulley ratios of the
machine.
User’s Manual
Page 8
4. Go to Config / Spindle Pulleys. Under Pulley Ratios set the pulley ratios of the machine
5. Go to Config / Motor Tuning / Spindle. Set the Velocity and Acceleration to the maximum and
use a pulse length of 3.
Motor Tuning and Setup screenshot
For configuring Mach with the Mode INTERNATIONAL (INT), go to
http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/STEP%20AND%20DIRECTION%20SPINDLE%20SPEED%20C
ONFIGURATION%20ON%20INTERNATIONAL%20MODE.pdf
For Replacing Potentiometer go to
http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/Replacing%20a%20Potentiometer.pdf
5.3 Electromechanical relays. (Pins 1 and 16)
Mechanical relays are very flexible because they can be used for AC or DC and come
with NO and NC (Normally Open and Normally Closed) positions. The relay
specification are showed in the below table.
User’s Manual
Page 9
ELECTROMECHANICAL RELAYS
SPECIFICACTIONS
[email protected];
Maximum Current (AC)
[email protected]
[email protected];
Maximum Current (DC) [email protected]
Electromechanical Relays Specifications
5.4 Using the COM configuration jumper
This is for selecting the value to get at the COM terminals found next to step and
direction terminals (Pins 2-9). Some drivers expect a ground, and others expect
+5vdc. There is a jumper that allows you to select +5VDC or GND for the COM pins.
1-2: COM= +5V
2-3: COM= GND
5.5 External Enable Pin
The card must be provided with a 5VDC signal to enable operation. This feature has
been added to externally control the status of the outputs. An external switch or a Safety
Charge Pump can be added to provide the enabling signal. When the enable signal is
not present, output signals sent high impedance state. If this function is not required, an
jumper can be placed between +5vdc and the EN terminal. It has an internal 4.7kOhm
pull-down resistor.
WARNING: This card must have the power supplied while it is connected to the
PC. If power is removed to the card while it is connected to the PC, noise can be
introduced to the output lines. This can create a dangerous situation as relays or other
devices that might be connected to this card could get activated.
User’s Manual
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6. FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAMS
6.1 Outputs 2-9 simplified functional block diagram
Simplified functional block diagram for the outputs 2-9
Parallel Port coupling is done following IEEE 1284 standard recommendation.
An RC Low Pass filter followed by a Schmitt Trigger gate is used to help reduce the
effect of the noise from drivers or other devices. LEDs are driven by a different buffer to
avoid residual currents affecting the signal.
6.2 Outputs 1, 14, 16 and 17 simplified functional block diagram
Simplified functional block diagram for the outputs 1, 14, 16 and 17
Note: “Internal Enable” = “External Enable Pin” AND (“SCHP” OR “Bypassed SCHP”)
The “Internal Enable” is the result of an AND Operation between the “External Enable Pin” and
the SCHP operation mode selected by the user.
Note: The output will be deactivated if the board is not connected to the PC parallel
port.
User’s Manual
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6.3 Input simplified functional block diagram
Simplified functional block diagram for the inputs
Pins 10, 11, 12, 13 and 15 can be set to pull-down or pull-up by selecting the
jumper in the appropriate position.
The jumper changes the way the 4.7Kohm built resistor works. The inputs can be set
to pull up or pull down.
1-2: PULL-UP
2-3: PULL- DOWN
7. WIRING DIAGRAMS
While this board supports only TTL +5VDC signals, different kind of sensors, switches
using different voltages can be connected using the diagrams that follow:
Note: The below wiring diagrams are an example, any input can be used for the connections.
Note. The bellow wiring diagrams require setting the inputs to use pull-down resistor.
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7.1 Connecting Switches or push button.
Wiring diagram to connect switches
7.2 Connecting NPN sensors.
Wiring diagram to connect NPN open collector proximity sensors
User’s Manual
Page 13
Wiring diagram to connect in parallel NPN open collector proximity sensors
Connecting NPN open collector proximity sensor with
the C11S
R1 Value (12V)
R1 Value (24V)
Aprox. 10KΩ
Aprox. 25KΩ
Wiring diagram to connect NPN proximity sensors with internal pull up resistor
User’s Manual
Page 14
Some NPN proximity sensor has an internal a pull-up resistor (R1). It is necessary to
know its value in order to connect safely the sensor with the breakout board. Follow this
recommendation:
Connecting NPN open collector proximity sensor with
the C11S
(R1+R2) Value (12V)
(R1+R2) Value (24V)
Aprox. 10KΩ
Aprox. 25KΩ
Calculating the R1 value
Note: Rx is the unknown resistor value.
RX = VEX. (R/V) - R
(1)
Where:
VEX is the external power supply voltage
V is the voltage across the R resistor
An external resistor and a voltmeter are required to calculate the internal resistor (Rx) value.
Note. The user should know the R value to do this operation. A 4.7KOhm @ 1/2W is
recommended.
SAMPLE: if you are using a 12V power supply (VEX), and using a 4.7KOhm as external
resistor (R), then the voltage across R should be 6V, using the equation 1, the Rx value is
4.7KOhm.
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7.3 Connecting PNP sensors.
Wiring diagram to connect PNP proximity sensors
Connecting PNP proximity sensor with the C11GS
User’s Manual
R Value (12V)
R Value (24V)
Aprox. 10KΩ
Aprox. 25KΩ
Page 16
7.4 Other connection.
Other connections can be implemented by setting the inputs to pull-up resistor.
Wiring diagram to do an “Auto Tool Zero”
http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/E_STOP_N_EN_Wiring.pdf
http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/E_STOP_N_SCHP.pdf
User’s Manual
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8.
DIMENSIONS
All dimensions are in Millimeters.
Fixing holes (3.8mm)
Disclaimer:
Use caution. CNC machines can be dangerous machines. Neither DUNCAN USA, LLC
nor Arturo Duncan are liable for any accidents resulting from the improper use of these
devices. This product is not a fail-safe device and it should not be used in life support
systems or in other devices where its failure or possible erratic operation could cause
property damage, bodily injury or loss of life.
User’s Manual
Page 18
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