MEN Mikro F50C Manual
Embedded Solutions
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
F50C – Conduction Cooled
3U CompactPCI® MPC8548 CPU
Configuration example
User Manual
®
F50C – Conduction Cooled 3U CompactPCI® MPC8548 CPU Board
F50C – Conduction Cooled 3U CompactPCI® MPC8548 CPU
Board
The F50C is a versatile, rugged PowerPC® based single-board computer for
embedded applications with conduction cooling. It is controlled by an MPC8548, or
optionally an MPC8543 PowerPC® CPU (alternatively with encryption unit) with
clock frequencies between 800 MHz and 1.5 GHz. The SBC is equipped with ECCcontrolled, soldered-on DDR2 RAM for data storage, with up to 16 GB of solidstate Flash disk for program storage as well as industrial FRAM and SRAM.
The CPU card provides up to three Gigabit Ethernet channels, four USB ports, up to
two SATA interfaces and up to 64 user-definable I/O lines controlled by its onboard
FPGA. These interfaces can be combined in many variations and are all available at
the rear using the board's J2 connector. For first operation and service purposes, the
board also includes a UART-to-USB port accessible at the front panel.
The F50C is based on a standard 3U CompactPCI® card that is embedded into a
dedicated CCA frame for conduction cooling (CCA = conduction cooled assembly).
The 9-HP assembly can be used with MEN's conduction-cooled subrack. It is
designed for operation in a -40°C to +85°C environment. For convection cooling,
the F50P model is also available, which comes with a tailor-made heat sink for
extended temperatures.
The large FPGA on the F50C allows to add additional user-defined functions such
as graphics, touch, serial interfaces, fieldbus controllers, binary I/O etc. for the
needs of the individual application in an extremely flexible way. Before boot-up of
the system, the FPGA is loaded from boot Flash. Updates of the FPGA contents can
be made inside the boot Flash during operation.
Equipped with a PCI-bridge chip, the F50C offers a full CompactPCI® interface
(system slot functionality) for reliable system expansion. Apart from that, the F50C
can also be used as a busless, stand-alone board, with power supply from the
backplane.
The soldered components on the F50C withstand shock and vibration, and the board
design is optimized for conformal coating.
The F50C comes with MENMON™ support. This firmware/BIOS can be used for
bootstrapping operating systems (from disk, Flash or network), for hardware testing,
or for debugging applications without running any operating system.
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
2
Technical Data
Technical Data
CPU
• PowerPC® PowerQUICC™ III MPC8548, MPC8548E, MPC8543 or
MPC8543E
- 800MHz up to 1.5GHz
- Please see Configuration Options for available standard versions.
- e500 PowerPC® core with MMU and double-precision embedded scalar and
vector floating-point APU
- Integrated Northbridge and Southbridge
Memory
• 2x32KB L1 data and instruction cache, 512KB/256KB L2 cache integrated in
MPC8548/MPC8543
• Up to 2GB SDRAM system memory
- Soldered
- DDR2 with or without ECC
- Up to 300 MHz memory bus frequency, depending on CPU
• Up to 16GB soldered Flash disk (SSD solid state disk)
• Up to 32MB additional DDR2 SDRAM, FPGA-controlled, e.g. for video data
• 16MB boot Flash
• 2MB non-volatile SRAM
- With GoldCap backup
• 128KB non-volatile FRAM
• Serial EEPROM 4kbits for factory settings
Mass Storage
• Parallel IDE (PATA)
- Up to 16GB soldered ATA Flash disk (SSD solid state disk)
• Serial ATA (SATA)
- Up to two ports via rear I/O J2
- Transfer rates up to 150MB/s (1.5 Gbits/s)
- Via PCI-to-SATA bridge
- See Interface Configuration Matrix showing possible I/O combinations
I/O
• USB (host)
- Four USB 2.0 host ports
- Via rear I/O J2
- OHCI and EHCI implementation
- Data rates up to 480Mbits/s
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
3
Technical Data
• USB (client)
- One USB client port on series A connector at front panel
- Via UART-to-USB converter
- For first operation and service
- Data rates up to 115.2kbits/s
- 16-byte transmit/receive buffer
- Handshake lines: none
• Ethernet
- Up to three 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet channels with MPC8548/E (two
channels with MPC8543/E)
- Via rear I/O J2
- See Interface Configuration Matrix showing possible I/O combinations
• User-defined I/O
- FPGA-controlled
- Up to 64 I/O lines
- Connection via rear I/O J2
- Standard version provides 4 UARTs and 16 GPIO lines
- See Interface Configuration Matrix showing possible I/O combinations
Rear I/O
•
•
•
•
Four USB 2.0
Up to three 1000Base-T Ethernet
Up to two SATA
Up to 64 I/O lines, FPGA-controlled
- Reduces Ethernet/SATA interfaces
- See Interface Configuration Matrix showing possible I/O combinations
FPGA
• Standard factory FPGA configuration:
- Main bus interface
- 16Z043_SDRAM – Additional SDRAM controller (32 MB)
- 16Z034_GPIO – GPIO controller (rear I/O 14 lines, 2 IP cores)
- 16Z125_UART – UART controller (controls rear I/O COM1..4)
• The FPGA offers the possibility to add customized I/O functionality. See FPGA.
Miscellaneous
• Real-time clock with GoldCap backup
• Temperature sensor, power supervision and watchdog
CompactPCI® Bus
•
•
•
•
Compliance with CompactPCI® Core Specification PICMG 2.0 R3.0
System slot
32-bit/32-MHz PCIe®-to-PCI bridge
V(I/O): +3.3V (+5V tolerant)
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
4
Technical Data
Busless Operation
• Board can be supplied with +5V, +3.3V and +12V from backplane, all other voltages are generated on the board
• Backplane J1 connector used only for power supply
Electrical Specifications
• Supply voltage/power consumption:
- +5V (-3%/+5%), 800mA approx.
- +3.3V (-3%/+5%), 350mA approx.
- ±12V (-5%/+5%), 1A approx.
Mechanical Specifications
• Dimensions:
- CompactPCI® 3U board embedded in MEN-standard 3U-CCA frame
- For use with MEN's conduction cooled subrack, 0701-0054
• Front panel: 9HP with cut-out for USB
• Weight: 620g
Environmental Specifications
• Temperature range (operation):
- -40..+85°C Tcase (screened)
- 0..+60°C Tcase (screened, with 16 GB SSD Flash disk)
- Convection cooled variety F50P also available
• Temperature range (storage): -40..+85°C
• Relative humidity (operation): max. 95% non-condensing
• Relative humidity (storage): max. 95% non-condensing
• Altitude: -300m to + 3,000m
• Shock: 15g/11ms
• Bump: 10g/16ms
• Vibration (sinusoidal): 1g/10..150Hz
• Conformal coating on request
MTBF
• 150,290h @ 40°C according to IEC/TR 62380 (RDF 2000)
Safety
• PCB manufactured with a flammability rating of 94V-0 by UL recognized manufacturers
EMC
• Tested according to EN 55022 (radio disturbance), IEC1000-4-2 (ESD) and
IEC1000-4-4 (burst)
BIOS
• MENMON™
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
5
Technical Data
Software Support
•
•
•
•
•
•
Linux
VxWorks®
QNX® (on request; support of the FPU is currently not provided by QNX®)
INTEGRITY® (Green Hills® Software)
OS-9® (on request)
For more information on supported operating system versions and drivers see
online data sheet.
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
6
Block Diagram
Block Diagram
RTC
Supervisor
I²C
PowerPC®
MPC8548 or MPC8543
Ethernet
10/100/1000Base‐T
Ethernet
10/100/1000Base‐T
Ethernet
10/100/1000Base‐T
UART‐to‐USB
PCI Bus
66
PCI Bus
33
PCI‐to‐USB
(4 ports)
(MPC8548)
PCI‐to‐SATA
(3 ports)
PCIe x1
14 GPIOs
(standard example)
FPGA
(up to 64 user I/O lines)
4 UARTs
(standard example)
Flash
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
F
Front connector
R
Rear I/O connector
Options
R
R
Ethernet
USB
(only with R MPC8548)
F
R
SATA‐to‐PATA
R
R
R
SATA
0/1/2/3
4
0/1/2
14
GPIO
(client)
(MPC8543)
SDRAM
Additional
SRAM
4
UART
and/or: up to 64
user‐defined I/O from FPGA
CompactPCI® J2
EEPROM
FRAM
R
SSD Flash
CompactPCI® J1
Boot Flash
PCIe‐to‐PCI Bridge
System SDRAM
DDR2
Option: Busless
The F50C provides great flexibility for routing functions to rear I/O.
Please refer to “Configuration...“ for more information.
7
Configuration Options
Configuration Options
CPU
• Several PowerQUICC™ III types with different clock frequencies
• MPC8548 or MPC8548E
- 1 GHz, 1.2 GHz, 1.33 GHz or 1.5 GHz
• MPC8543 or MPC8543E
- 800 MHz or 1 GHz
Memory
• System RAM
- 512 MB, 1 GB or 2 GB
- With or without ECC
• Flash Disk
- 2 GB, 4 GB, 8 GB or 16 GB
- Please note that the 16 GB Flash disk component only supports a temperature
range of 0..+60°C!
• FRAM
- 0 KB or 128 KB
• Additional SDRAM
- 0 MB or 32 MB
- With FPGA
I/O
• See Interface Configuration Matrix showing possible I/O combinations
• Ethernet
- Up to three channels at rear
- Only two channels total with MPC8543
• SATA
- Up to two channels at rear
• Up to 64 user-defined I/O lines
- With optional FPGA
- Reduces number of Ethernet/SATA channels
Cooling concept
• Convection cooled variety F50P also available, for up to -40..+85°C
Please note that some of these options may only be available for large volumes.
Please ask our sales staff for more information.
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
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FPGA
Interface Configuration Matrix
FPGA I/O pins
(No FPGA)
23
34
45
56
Rear I/O
27
38
49
60
31
42
53
64
1 UART-to-USB (client) (service port)
Front I/O
3 ETH
3 ETH
2 ETH
1 ETH
-
3 ETH
2 ETH
1 ETH
-
3 ETH
2 ETH
1 ETH
-
2 SATA
2 SATA
2 SATA
2 SATA
2 SATA
1 SATA
1 SATA
1 SATA
1 SATA
-
-
-
-
4 USB
9 HP
Form factor
The standard configuration is highlighted in bold blue in the table.
All rear I/O Ethernet interfaces include 2 LED signals each. These could also be used for other FPGA
functions instead, if no LEDs and more I/O pins are needed.
For available standard configurations see online data sheet.
FPGA
Flexible Configuration
• This MEN board offers the possibility to add customized I/O functionality in
FPGA.
• It depends on the board type, pin counts and number of logic elements which IP
cores make sense and/or can be implemented. Please contact MEN for information on feasibility.
• You can find more information on our web page "User I/O in FPGA"
FPGA Capabilities
• FPGA Altera® Arria® GX AGX35C
- 33,520 logic elements
- 1,348,416 total memory bits
- Connected to CPU via PCI Express® x1 link
• Connection
- Available pin count: 64 pins
- Functions available via rear I/O J2 connector
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
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Product Safety
Product Safety
!
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
Computer boards and components contain electrostatic sensitive devices.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage components. To protect the board and
other components against damage from static electricity, you should follow some
precautions whenever you work on your computer.
• Power down and unplug your computer system when working on the inside.
• Hold components by the edges and try not to touch the IC chips, leads, or circuitry.
• Use a grounded wrist strap before handling computer components.
• Place components on a grounded antistatic pad or on the bag that came with the
component whenever the components are separated from the system.
• Store the board only in its original ESD-protected packaging. Retain the original
packaging in case you need to return the board to MEN for repair.
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
10
About this Document
About this Document
This user manual describes the hardware functions of the board, connection of
peripheral devices and integration into a system. It also provides additional
information for special applications and configurations of the board.
The manual does not include detailed information on individual components (data
sheets etc.). A list of literature is given in the appendix.
History
Issue
Comments
Date
E1
First issue
2009-11-20
E2
Corrected standard rear I/O configuration (SATA,
GPIO, COM interfaces), SSD support
2011-06-16
Conventions
!
italics
bold
monospace
hyperlink
This sign marks important notes or warnings concerning proper functionality of the
product described in this document. You should read them in any case.
Folder, file and function names are printed in italics.
Bold type is used for emphasis.
A monospaced font type is used for hexadecimal numbers, listings, C function
descriptions or wherever appropriate. Hexadecimal numbers are preceded by "0x".
Hyperlinks are printed in blue color.
The globe will show you where hyperlinks lead directly to the Internet, so you can
look for the latest information online.
IRQ#
/IRQ
Signal names followed by "#" or preceded by a slash ("/") indicate that this signal is
either active low or that it becomes active at a falling edge.
in/out
Signal directions in signal mnemonics tables generally refer to the corresponding
board or component, "in" meaning "to the board or component", "out" meaning
"coming from it".
Vertical lines on the outer margin signal technical changes to the previous issue of
the document.
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
11
About this Document
Legal Information
MEN Mikro Elektronik reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. MEN makes no
warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does MEN assume
any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability,
including without limitation consequential or incidental damages.
"Typical" parameters can and do vary in different applications. All operating parameters, including "Typicals" must be
validated for each customer application by customer's technical experts.
MEN does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others.
Unless agreed otherwise, MEN products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended
for surgical implant into the body, or other applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which
the failure of the MEN product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or
use MEN products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold MEN and its officers,
employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable
attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or
unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that MEN was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part.
Unless agreed otherwise, the products of MEN Mikro Elektronik are not suited for use in nuclear reactors or for application in
medical appliances used for therapeutical purposes. Application of MEN products in such plants is only possible after the user
has precisely specified the operation environment and after MEN Mikro Elektronik has consequently adapted and released the
product.
ESM™, ESMini™, MDIS™, MDIS4™, MDIS5™, MENMON™, M-Module™, M-Modules™, SA-Adapter™, SAAdapters™, UBox™, USM™ and the MBIOS logo are trademarks of MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH. PC-MIP® is a
registered trademark of MEN Micro, Inc. and SBS Technologies, Inc. MEN Mikro Elektronik®, ESMexpress®, MIPIOS®
and the MEN logo are registered trademarks of MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH.
Altera®, Arria®, Avalon®, Cyclone®, Nios® and Quartus® are registered trademarks of Altera Corp. Freescale™ and
PowerQUICC™ are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. PowerPC® is a registered trademark of IBM Corp. Green
Hills® and INTEGRITY® are registered trademarks of Green Hills Software, Inc. CompactPCI®, CompactPCI® Express,
CompactPCI® PlusIO and CompactPCI® Serial are registered trademarks of the PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers
Group. COM Express™ is a trademark of PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group. OS-9®, OS-9000® and SoftStax®
are registered trademarks of RadiSys Microware Communications Software Division, Inc. FasTrak™ and Hawk™ are
trademarks of RadiSys Microware Communications Software Division, Inc. RadiSys® is a registered trademark of RadiSys
Corporation. PCI Express® and PCIe® are registered trademarks of PCI-SIG. QNX® is a registered trademark of QNX Ltd.
Tornado® and VxWorks® are registered trademarks of Wind River Systems, Inc.
All other products or services mentioned in this publication are identified by the trademarks, service marks, or product names
as designated by the companies who market those products. The trademarks and registered trademarks are held by the
companies producing them. Inquiries concerning such trademarks should be made directly to those companies. All other brand
or product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Information in this document has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate as of the date of publication; however,
no responsibility is assumed for inaccuracies. MEN Mikro Elektronik accepts no liability for consequential or incidental
damages arising from the use of its products and reserves the right to make changes on the products herein without notice to
improve reliability, function or design. MEN Mikro Elektronik does not assume any liability arising out of the application or
use of the products described in this document.
Copyright © 2011 MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH. All rights reserved.
Please recycle
Germany
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
Neuwieder Straße 5-7
90411 Nuremberg
Phone +49-911-99 33 5-0
Fax +49-911-99 33 5-901
E-mail [email protected]
www.men.de
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
France
MEN Mikro Elektronik SA
18, rue René Cassin
ZA de la Châtelaine
74240 Gaillard
Phone +33 (0) 450-955-312
Fax +33 (0) 450-955-211
E-mail [email protected]
www.men-france.fr
USA
MEN Micro, Inc.
24 North Main Street
Ambler, PA 19002
Phone (215) 542-9575
Fax (215) 542-9577
E-mail [email protected]
www.menmicro.com
12
Contents
Contents
1 Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1 Maps of the Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Integrating the Board into a System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 Installing Operating System Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 Installing Driver Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
17
19
20
20
2 Functional Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1 Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Board Supervision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 Real-Time Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4 Processor Core. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.1
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.2
Thermal Considerations and Conduction Cooling . . . . . . . .
2.5 Bus Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5.1
Host-to-PCI Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5.2
Local PCI Buses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5.3
Local PCI Express Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6 Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6.1
DRAM System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6.2
FRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6.3
SRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6.4
Boot Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6.5
Solid State Flash Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.7 Mass Storage: Serial ATA (SATA) / SSD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8 USB Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8.1
Front-Panel Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8.2
Rear I/O Connection (CompactPCI PlusIO) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9 Ethernet Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.1
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.2
10Base-T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.3
100Base-T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.4
1000Base-T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.10 CompactPCI Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.11 Rear I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.11.1 User-Defined I/O from Onboard FPGA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.11.2 Standard and Possible Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
21
21
21
22
22
23
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
26
26
26
27
28
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
31
31
32
33
3 MENMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.1
State Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 Interacting with MENMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.1
Entering the Setup Menu/Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3 Configuring MENMON for Automatic Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
37
38
40
40
40
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
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Contents
3.4 Updating Boot Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.1
Update via the Serial Console using SERDL . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.2
Update from Network using NDL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3
Update via Program Update Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.4
Automatic Update Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.5
Updating MENMON Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5 Diagnostic Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.1
Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.2
SDRAM, SRAM and FRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.3
EEPROM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.4
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.5
Hardware Monitor Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.6
RTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6 MENMON Configuration and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.1
Consoles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.2
MENMON Memory Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.3
MENMON BIOS Logical Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6.4
System Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7 MENMON Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
41
41
41
41
42
43
43
44
45
46
46
47
48
48
49
50
51
56
4 Organization of the Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1 Memory Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 Interrupt Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 SMB Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4 Onboard PCI Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
58
59
59
60
5 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.1 Literature and Web Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.1.1
PowerPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.1.2
SATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.1.3
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.1.4
Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.1.5
CompactPCI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
5.2 Finding out the Board’s Article Number, Revision and Serial Number62
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Figures
Figure 1. Map of the board – front panel view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 2. Map of the board – top view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 3. Conduction cooling: thermal interfaces (horizontal front view of CCA
rack) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Figure 4. MENMON – State diagram, Degraded Mode/Full Mode . . . . . . . . . . 38
Figure 5. MENMON – State diagram, main state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Figure 6. Label giving the board’s article number, revision and serial number . 62
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15
Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Table 22.
Table 23.
Table 24.
Table 25.
Table 26.
Table 27.
Table 28.
Table 29.
Table 30.
Table 31.
Table 32.
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Processor core options on F50C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Pin assignment of USB front-panel connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Signal mnemonics of USB front-panel connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Assignment of 16Z034_GPIO controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – standard board version . . . 33
Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O options: Ethernet, USB,
SATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O options: maximum FPGA
control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Signal mnemonics of rear I/O connector J2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
MENMON – Program update files and locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
MENMON – Diagnostic tests: Ethernet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
MENMON – Diagnostic tests: SDRAM, SRAM and FRAM . . . . . . . 44
MENMON – Diagnostic tests: EEPROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
MENMON – Diagnostic tests: USB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
MENMON – Diagnostic tests: hardware monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
MENMON – Diagnostic tests: RTC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
MENMON – System parameters for console selection and
configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
MENMON – Address map (full-featured mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
MENMON – Boot Flash memory map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
MENMON – Controller Logical Units (CLUNs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
MENMON – Device Logical Units (DLUNs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
MENMON – F50C system parameters – Autodetected parameters. . . 51
MENMON – F50C system parameters – Production data . . . . . . . . . . 52
MENMON – F50C system parameters – MENMON persistent
parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
MENMON – F50C system parameters – VxWorks bootline
parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
MENMON – Reset causes through system parameter rststat. . . . . . . . 55
MENMON – Command reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Memory map – processor view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Address mapping for PCI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Dedicated interrupt line assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Interrupt numbering assigned by MENMON. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
SMB devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Onboard PCI devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
16
Getting Started
1
Getting Started
This chapter gives an overview of the board and some hints for first installation in a
system.
1.1
Maps of the Board
Figure 1. Map of the board – front panel view
UART-to-USB
Ejector
handles
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Getting Started
Figure 2. Map of the board – top view
Hexagonal wedge-lock screw
J2
Rear I/O
Wedge lock
UART-toUSB
J1
CompactPCI
CCA frame
Wedge lock
Hexagonal wedge-lock screw
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Getting Started
1.2
!
Integrating the Board into a System
The F50C must be inserted into a system rack with conduction cooling that supports
the CCA frame format (e.g. MEN’s 0701-0054 rack).
You can use the following check list when installing the board in a system for the
first time and with minimum configuration.
 Power-down the system.
 Remove all boards from the CompactPCI system.
 Insert the F50C into the system slot of your CompactPCI system, making sure
that the CompactPCI connectors are properly aligned.
Note: The system slot of every CompactPCI system is marked by a
triangle
on the backplane and/or at the front panel. It also has red guide rails.
 Use a 2.5-mm hexagon torque wrench to fasten the two wedge locks in the rack.
You need to apply a turning moment (torque) of 0.8 Nm.
Note: For first installation and/or configuration you can also temporarily operate the card without a CompactPCI bus. In this case you only need to
connect a suitable power supply to the CompactPCI J1 connector.
You should generally use a host computer for first operation, typically under Linux
or Windows.
 Install a USB-to-UART driver on your host computer.
You can use a Windows driver provided by MEN (article number 13T005-70,
third-party) or go to the FTDI web site (www.ftdichip.com/FTDrivers.htm) and
download a driver there.
 Connect your host computer to the front panel USB-1 port of the F50C (UARTto-USB interface). To do this, you need a suitable USB cable (type A to A).
 Power-up the system.
 Start up a terminal program on your host computer, e.g. HyperTerm under Windows, and open a terminal connection.
 Set your terminal connection to the following protocol:
-
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9600 baud data transmission rate
8 data bits
1 stop bit
No parity
19
Getting Started
 When the terminal connection is made, press Enter. Now you can use the MENMON BIOS/firmware (see detailed description in Chapter 3 MENMON on
page 37).
If you enter command "LOGO" on the MENMON prompt, the terminal displays a message similar to the following:
________ Secondary MENMON for MEN MPC8548 Family (XM50) 1.7 _________________
|
|
|
(c) 2007 - 2008 MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH Nuremberg
|
|
MENMON 2nd Edition, Created Jun 12 2008
10:45:08
|
|_____________________________________________________________________________|
|
CPU Board: XM50-03
|
CPU: MPC8548
|
|Serial Number: 4
|
CPU/MEM Clk:
1386 / 198 MHz
|
| HW Revision: 00.00.00
|
CCB/LBC Clk:
396 / 50 MHz
|
|
|
|
|
PCI1/PCI2: 32Bit 66MHz/32Bit 33MHz|
PCIe:
x4
|
|
DDR2 SDRAM: 512 MB ECC on 3.0/3/8 |
FRAM/SRAM:
128 /2048 kB
|
|
Produced:
|
FLASH:
16 MB
|
| Last repair:
|
Reset Cause: Power On
|
|_____________________________________________________________________________|
| Carrier Board: F503-00, Rev 00.01.00, Serial 3
|
\___________________________________________________________________________/
Note: Don’t power off the F50C now, otherwise the USB-to-UART interface on the
host computer will be disconnected.
 Observe the installation instructions for the respective software.
1.3
Installing Operating System Software
The board supports Linux, VxWorks, and INTEGRITY.
!
By default, no operating system is installed on the board. Please refer to the
respective manufacturer's documentation on how to install operating system
software!
You can find any software available on MEN’s website.
1.4
Installing Driver Software
For a detailed description on how to install driver software please refer to the
respective documentation.
You can find any driver software available for download on MEN’s website.
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Functional Description
2
Functional Description
The following describes the individual functions of the board and their
configuration on the board. There is no detailed description of the individual
controller chips and the CPU. They can be obtained from the data sheets or data
books of the semiconductor manufacturer concerned (Chapter 5.1 Literature and
Web Resources on page 61).
2.1
Power Supply
The board is supplied via CompactPCI connector J1 with +5 V, +3.3 V and ±12 V.
All other required voltages are generated on the board.
The F50C may also be operated as a stand-alone card, without the CompactPCI bus.
In this case, power is also supplied via the J1 connector. Three voltages are needed:
+5 V, +3.3 V and +12 V.
2.2
Board Supervision
The board features a temperature sensor and voltage monitor.
A voltage monitor supervises all used voltages and holds the CPU in reset condition
until all supply voltages are within their nominal values.
In addition the board contains a PLD watchdog that must be triggered. After
configuration the CPU serves the PLD watchdog. The watchdog timeout is
automatically set to 1.12 s after the first trigger pulse by the CPU.
The watchdog can be enabled or disabled through MENMON and can be triggered
by a software application. This function is normally supported by the board support
package (see BSP documentation).
Another watchdog device on the board has to be triggered by the FPGA and asserts
a reset if the FPGA fails.
2.3
Real-Time Clock
The board includes an RA8581 real-time clock. Interrupt generation of the RTC is
not supported. For data retention during power off the RTC is supplied by a
GoldCap.
A control flag indicates a back-up power fail condition. In this case the contents of
the RTC cannot be expected to be valid. A message will be displayed on the
MENMON console in this case.
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Functional Description
2.4
Processor Core
The board is equipped with the MPC8548 or MPC8543 processor, which includes a
32-bit PowerPC e500 core, the integrated host-to-PCI bridge, Ethernet controllers
and UARTs.
2.4.1
General
The MPC8548/3 family of processors integrates an e500v2 processor core built on
Power Architecture technology with system logic required for networking,
telecommunications, and wireless infrastructure applications. The MPC8548/3 is a
member of the PowerQUICC III family of devices that combine system-level
support for industry-standard interfaces with processors that implement the
embedded category of the Power Architecture technology.
The MPC8548/3 offers a double-precision floating-point auxiliary processing unit
(APU), up to 512 KB of level-2 cache, up to four integrated 10/100/1Gbits/s
enhanced three-speed Ethernet controllers with TCP/IP acceleration and
classification capabilities, a DDR/DDR2 SDRAM memory controller, a
programmable interrupt controller, two I²C controllers, a four-channel DMA
controller, a general-purpose I/O port, and dual universal asynchronous receiver/
transmitters (DUART).
The MPC8548/3 is available with (MPC8548/3E) or without an integrated security
engine with XOR acceleration.
Table 1. Processor core options on F50C
Processor Type
Core Frequency
L2 Cache
Encryption Unit
Ethernet Ports
MPC8548
1 GHz, 1.2 GHz, 1.33 GHz or
1.5 GHz
512 KB
No
3
MPC8548E
1 GHz, 1.2 GHz, 1.33 GHz or
1.5 GHz
512 KB
Yes
3
MPC8543
800 MHz or 1 GHz
256 KB
No
2
MPC8543E
800 MHz or 1 GHz
256 KB
Yes
2
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Functional Description
2.4.2
Thermal Considerations and Conduction Cooling
The F50C generates around 17 W of power dissipation when operated at 1.33 GHz.
The board was specially designed for conduction-cooled systems. It has an MEN
CCA frame1 around a standard 3U CompactPCI card. The CCA frame is a heat sink
assembly with wedge locks that meets thermal requirements.
!
Please note that if you use any other heat sink assembly than the CCA frame
supplied by MEN, or no heat sink at all, warranty on functionality and reliability of
the F50C may cease. If you have any questions or problems regarding thermal
behavior, please contact MEN.
The Basics of Conduction Cooling
Conduction cooling is actually no cooling, it is a way to transfer energy from
electronic components to a position which can be cooled. Aluminum or copper, for
instance, can be used to connect the hot spots of the electronics to the outside of the
housing. Outside airflow must be guaranteed by forced air flow. It is also possible to
spread the heat to an even larger surface, e.g. by coupling the chassis wall to a metal
wall of a vehicle.
How the F50C is Cooled
The F50C has a large CCA frame enclosing the board with a cover at the top side
and a plate at the bottom side of the board. Both parts have thermal interfaces to key
components. Heat is diverted from the components to the CCA frame cover and
bottom plate, and on to its wedge locks at the card’s sides.
The F50C uses two five-section wedge-type locking devices (wedge locks) as
expanders. Five-section expanders spread the expansion forces evenly over the
board and create an efficient thermal transfer path from the board’s thermal
interfaces to the chassis wall of the board rack.
The energy transferred to the chassis wall can now be diverted by convection with
the help of the chassis cooling fins.
1
CCA = Conduction Cooled Assembly
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Functional Description
Figure 3. Conduction cooling: thermal interfaces (horizontal front view of CCA rack)
Chassis wall
with cooling fins
Air flow
Card guides
9 HP
front panel
CCA frame
top cover
Heat
Wedge-lock to chassis
Air flow
Ejector handle
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CCA frame
bottom plate
24
Functional Description
2.5
Bus Structure
2.5.1
Host-to-PCI Bridge
The integrated host-to-PCI bridge is used as host bridge and memory controller for
the PowerPC processor. All transactions of the PowerPC to the PCI bus are
controlled by the host bridge. The FRAM, SRAM and boot Flash are connected to
the local memory bus of the integrated host-to-PCI bridge.
The PCI interface is PCI bus Rev. 2.2 compliant and supports all bus commands and
transactions. Master and target operations are possible. Only big-endian operation is
supported.
2.5.2
Local PCI Buses
Two local PCI buses are controlled by the integrated host-to-PCI bridge. One is
connected to the PCI-to-USB bridge and runs at 33 MHz. The other connects the
PCI-to-SATA bridge and operates at 66 MHz. Board versions with the MPC8543
processor only have one local PCI bus operating at 33 MHz.
The I/O voltage is fixed to 3.3V. The data width is 32 bits.
2.5.3
Local PCI Express Connections
A PCI Express x1 link connects the PowerPC processor with the CompactPCI bus
(via a PCIe-to-PCI bridge) and with the FPGA.
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Functional Description
2.6
Memory
2.6.1
DRAM System Memory
The board provides up to 2 GB onboard, soldered DDR2 (double data rate) SDRAM
on nine memory components (incl. ECC). The memory bus is 72 bits wide and
operates at up to 300 MHz (physical), depending on the processor type.
Depending on the board version the SDRAM may have ECC (error-correcting
code). ECC memory provides greater data accuracy and system uptime by
protecting against soft errors in computer memory.
2.6.2
FRAM
The board has up to 128 KB non-volatile FRAM memory connected to the local bus
of the CPU.
The FRAM does not need a back-up voltage for data retention.
2.6.3
SRAM
The board has up to 2 MB non-volatile SRAM memory connected to the local bus
of the CPU. For data retention during power off the SRAM is supplied with a backup voltage by a GoldCap.
2.6.4
Boot Flash
The board has 16 MB of onboard Flash. It is controlled by the CPU.
Flash memory contains the boot software for the MENMON/operating system
bootstrapper and application software. The MENMON sectors are softwareprotected against illegal write transactions through a password in the serial
download function of MENMON (cf. Chapter 3.4.1 Update via the Serial Console
using SERDL on page 41).
2.6.5
Solid State Flash Disk
The board includes up to 16 GB soldered NAND Flash disk.
A solid state disk (SSD) is a data storage device that uses solid-state memory to
store persistent data. An SSD behaves like a conventional hard disk drive. On F50C
it has a PATA interface connected to a SATA-to-PATA bridge and controlled by one
SATA channel. (See also Chapter 2.7 Mass Storage: Serial ATA (SATA) / SSD on
page 27.)
With no moving parts, a solid state disk is more robust, effectively eliminating the
risk of mechanical failure, and usually enjoys reduced seek time and latency by
removing mechanical delays associated with a conventional hard disk drive.
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Functional Description
2.7
Mass Storage: Serial ATA (SATA) / SSD
The F50C provides three serial ATA channels through a PCI-to-SATA converter that
is connected to the PowerPC processor via a dedicated 66-MHz PCI bus. (On board
versions with the MPC8543 processor PCI-to-SATA shares one 33-MHz PCI bus
with PCI-to-USB.)
The SATA interfaces support 1.5 Gbits/s.
One SATA channel is used for the SSD solid state Flash disk. (See also Chapter
2.6.5 Solid State Flash Disk on page 26.) The other two SATA channels are led to
the rear I/O J2 connector. The pin assignment is in compliance with the PICMG
2.30 CompactPCI PlusIO standard.
See Chapter 2.11 Rear I/O on page 31 for J2 rear I/O pin assignments.
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Functional Description
2.8
USB Interfaces
The F50C provides four USB 2.0 host ports with OHCI/EHCI implementation and
one USB client port. The client port (UART-to-USB, USB-1) is led to the front
panel. Up to four host ports are available via rear I/O on connector J2.
The host ports are controlled via PCI-to-USB bridges from the PowerPC processor,
while the client port is driven by a UART-to-USB converter.
The UART-to-USB interface supports data rates up to 115.2 kbits/s. It has no
handshake lines. In connection with USB-to-UART driver software it can be used as
a COM interface and is supported by MENMON as a console device.
2.8.1
Front-Panel Connection
The client port (UART-to-USB, USB-1) is accessible at the front panel for first
operation and service purposes. It is not available during normal operation of the
board inside a closed conduction-cooled rack.
Connector types:
• 4-pin USB Series A receptacle according to Universal Serial Bus Specification
Revision 1.0
• Mating connector:
4-pin USB Series A plug according to Universal Serial Bus Specification Revision 1.0
Table 2. Pin assignment of USB front-panel connector
1
2
3
4
1
+5V
2
USB_D-
3
USB_D+
4
GND
Table 3. Signal mnemonics of USB front-panel connector
Signal
Direction
Function
+5V
USB-1: in
+5 V power supply
Input for client port USB-1
GND
-
Digital ground
USB_D+, USB_D- in/out
2.8.2
USB lines, differential pair
Rear I/O Connection (CompactPCI PlusIO)
Up to four USB interfaces are accessible via rear I/O in compliance with the
PICMG 2.30 CompactPCI PlusIO standard.
See Chapter 2.11 Rear I/O on page 31 for J2 rear I/O pin assignments.
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Functional Description
2.9
Ethernet Interfaces
The F50C has up to three Ethernet interfaces controlled by the CPU. All channels
support up to 1000 Mbits/s and full-duplex operation.
All three Ethernet channels are available at the J2 rear I/O connector. See Chapter
2.11 Rear I/O on page 31 for J2 rear I/O pin assignments.
!
!
Please note that LAN-2 is not available on board versions with the MPC8543
processor.
The unique MAC address is set at the factory and should not be changed. Any
attempt to change this address may create node or bus contention and thereby render
the board inoperable. The MAC addresses on F50C are:
• LAN-0:
• LAN-1:
• LAN-2:
0x 00 C0 3A 87 xx xx
0x 00 C0 3A 88 xx xx
0x 00 C0 3A 89 xx xx
where "00 C0 3A" is the MEN vendor code, "87", "88" and "89" are the MEN
product codes, and "xx xx" is the hexadecimal serial number of the product, which
depends on your board, e. g. "... 00 2A" for serial number "000042".
2.9.1
General
Ethernet is a local-area network (LAN) protocol that uses a bus or star topology and
supports data transfer rates of 100 Mbits/s and more. The Ethernet specification
served as the basis for the IEEE 802.3 standard, which specifies the physical and
lower software layers. Ethernet is one of the most widely implemented LAN
standards.
Ethernet networks provide high-speed data exchange in areas that require
economical connection to a local communication medium carrying bursty traffic at
high-peak data rates.
A classic Ethernet system consists of a backbone cable and connecting hardware
(e.g. transceivers), which links the controllers of the individual stations via
transceiver (transmitter-receiver) cables to this backbone cable and thus permits
communication between the stations.
2.9.2
10Base-T
10Base-T is one of several adaptations of the Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) standard for
Local Area Networks (LANs). The 10Base-T standard (also called Twisted Pair
Ethernet) uses a twisted-pair cable with maximum lengths of 100 meters. The cable
is thinner and more flexible than the coaxial cable used for the 10Base-2 or
10Base-5 standards. Since it is also cheaper, it is the preferable solution for costsensitive applications.
Cables in the 10Base-T system connect with RJ45 connectors. A star topology is
common with 12 or more computers connected directly to a hub or concentrator.
The 10Base-T system operates at 10 Mbits/s and uses baseband transmission methods.
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Functional Description
2.9.3
100Base-T
The 100Base-T networking standard supports data transfer rates up to 100 Mbits/s.
100Base-T is actually based on the older Ethernet standard. Because it is 10 times
faster than Ethernet, it is often referred to as Fast Ethernet. Officially, the 100Base-T
standard is IEEE 802.3u.
There are several different cabling schemes that can be used with 100Base-T, e.g.
100Base-TX, with two pairs of high-quality twisted-pair wires.
2.9.4
1000Base-T
1000Base-T is a specification for Gigabit Ethernet over copper wire (IEEE
802.3ab). The standard defines 1 Gbit/s data transfer over distances of up to 100
meters using four pairs of CAT-5 balanced copper cabling and a 5-level coding
scheme.
Because many companies already use CAT-5 cabling, 1000Base-T can be easily
implemented.
Other 1000Base-T benefits include compatibility with existing network protocols
(i.e. IP, IPX, AppleTalk), existing applications, Network Operating Systems,
network management platforms and applications.
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
20F050C00 E2 – 2011-06-16
30
Functional Description
2.10
CompactPCI Interface
The F50C is a 3U CompactPCI system slot board. It implements a 32-bit PCI
interface to the CompactPCI backplane which uses a +3.3 V signaling voltage. It
also tolerates +5 V.
The CompactPCI bus connects to the MPC8548/MPC8543 processor via a PCI
Express x1 link and a PCIe-to-PCI bridge.
The pin assignment of connector J1 as defined in the CompactPCI specification will
not be repeated here.
2.11
Rear I/O
The F50C provides great flexibility for routing functions to rear I/O. An onboard
FPGA allows to implement customized functions on rear I/O connector J2 of the
board, with a total available pin count of 64 pins. Different combinations of
interfaces controlled by the CPU and the FPGA are possible.
The four USB ports are always routed to the J2 connector.
The Interface Configuration Matrix shows an overview of all varieties that are possible.
Chapter 2.11.2 Standard and Possible Pin Assignments on page 33 gives the
standard pin assignment along with possible signal routings.
In any case please contact our sales team for specially configured board versions.
This chapter only summarizes the board’s options.
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31
Functional Description
2.11.1
User-Defined I/O from Onboard FPGA
The F50C provides an onboard FPGA. The component is a powerful Altera Arria
GX AGX35C device, and is connected to the CPU via a fast, serial PCI Express x1
link. It permits to configure the board’s rear I/O according to your needs without any
hardware modifications.
With regard to the FPGA resources such as available logic elements or pins it is not
possible to grant all possible combinations of FPGA IP cores.
You can find an overview and descriptions of all available FPGA IP cores on
MEN’s website.
Table 7, Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O options: maximum FPGA
control on page 35 gives the I/O pins available for custom FPGA functions (64
pins).
2.11.1.1
Standard Factory FPGA Configuration
In addition to basic IP cores needed for the FPGA-internal infrastructure, the
following IP cores are implemented in the standard model:
• 16Z043_SDRAM – Additional SDRAM controller (32 MB)
• 16Z034_GPIO – GPIO controller (14 lines, 2 IP cores)
• 16Z125_UART – UART controller (controls rear I/O COM1..4)
You can find more information on the SDRAM IP core in the 16Z043_SDRAM data
sheet on MEN’s website.
You can find more information on the GPIO IP core in the 16Z034_GPIO data sheet
on MEN’s website.
You can find more information on the UART IP core in the 16Z125_UART data sheet
on MEN’s website.
Please see MEN’s website for up-to-date driver software and documentation.
Accessing the GPIO Pins
You can control the I/O lines using MDIS4 driver software available from MEN. By
default, the GPIOs are configured as inputs. This configuration can be changed
through the driver software.
The following table gives the assignment of the GPIO controllers implemented in
the F50C’s FPGA to their function on the board. Normally you can identify the
controllers by their instance numbers in your operating system.
Table 4. Assignment of 16Z034_GPIO controllers
Instance
0
GPIO 1 (lines 0 to 6) (bits 0..6)
1
GPIO 2 (lines 0 to 6) (bits 0..6)
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
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Function
32
Functional Description
2.11.2
Standard and Possible Pin Assignments
Table 5. Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – standard board version
F E D C B A Z
22
21
1
F
E
D
C
B
A
Z
22
GND
GA0
GA1
GA2
GA3
GA4
GND
21
GND
ETH0_1+
ETH0_3+
ETH1_1+
GND
CLK6
GND
20
GND
ETH0_1-
ETH0_3-
ETH1_1-
GND
CLK5
GND
19
GND
ETH0_0+
ETH0_2+
ETH1_0+
GND
GND
GND
18
GND
ETH0_0-
ETH0_2-
ETH1_0-
ETH1_2+
ETH1_3+
GND
17
GND
GNT6#
REQ6#
-
ETH1_2-
ETH1_3-
GND
16
GND
ETH0_VCC
GND
-
ETH1_ACT#
ETH1_VCC
GND
15
GND
GNT5#
REQ5#
-
COM2_RI#
14
GND ETH0_ACT# ETH0_LNK#
GPIO2[0]
COM2_DTR#
13
GND
GPIO2[6]
GPIO1[6]
-
COM2_DSR# COM1_DTR# GND
12
GND
GPIO2[5]
GPIO1[5]
GPIO1[0]
COM2_DCD# COM1_DSR# GND
11
GND
GPIO2[4]
GPIO1[4]
USB6+
COM2_RTS# COM1_DCD# GND
10
GND
GPIO2[3]
GPIO1[3]
USB6-
COM2_CTS# COM1_RTS# GND
9
GND
GPIO2[2]
GPIO1[2]
USB5+
COM2_TXD COM1_CTS# GND
8
GND
SATA2_RX+
GPIO1[1]
USB5-
COM2_RXD
COM1_TXD
7
GND
SATA2_RX-
SATA2_TX+
USB4+
COM4_TXD
COM1_RXD GND
6
GND
SATA1_RX+
SATA2_TX-
USB4-
COM4_RXD
COM3_TXD
5
GND
SATA1_RX-
SATA1_TX+
USB3+
USB_OC5/6# COM3_RXD GND
4
GND
GPIO2[1]
SATA1_TX-
USB3-
USB_OC3/4#
VIO
GND
3
GND
GNT4#
REQ4#
GNT3#
GND
CLK4
GND
2
GND
REQ3#
GNT2#
SYSEN#
CLK3
CLK2
GND
1
GND
REQ2#
GNT1#
REQ1#
GND
CLK1
GND
ETH1_LNK# GND
COM1_RI#
GND
GND
GND
Please note that the standard configuration does not make use of all the possible
FPGA I/O pins. Of 46 I/O pins that may be used here, only 34 pins are used by the
standard GPIO and COM IP cores. (Cf. Chapter 2.11.1.1 Standard Factory FPGA
Configuration on page 32 and Table 7, Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O
options: maximum FPGA control on page 35.)
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33
Functional Description
The following table shows all options for non-FPGA-controlled interfaces. For
this reason, only those pins are marked light green
for FPGA I/O that cannot be
used for other functions. See Table 7, Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O
options: maximum FPGA control on page 35 for the assignment of the maximum
number of FPGA-controlled pins.
Table 6. Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O options: Ethernet, USB, SATA
F E D C B A Z
22
21
1
F
E
D
C
B
A
Z
22
GND
GA0
GA1
GA2
GA3
GA4
GND
21
GND
ETH0_1+
ETH0_3+
ETH1_1+
GND
CLK6
GND
20
GND
ETH0_1-
ETH0_3-
ETH1_1-
GND
CLK5
GND
19
GND
ETH0_0+
ETH0_2+
ETH1_0+
GND
GND
GND
18
GND
ETH0_0-
ETH0_2-
ETH1_0-
ETH1_2+
ETH1_3+
GND
17
GND
GNT6#
REQ6#
-
ETH1_2-
ETH1_3-
GND
16
GND
ETH0_VCC
GND
-
ETH1_ACT#
ETH1_VCC
GND
15
GND
GNT5#
REQ5#
-
ETH2_0+
14
GND ETH0_ACT# ETH0_LNK#
IO[63]
ETH2_0-
ETH2_1+
GND
13
GND
IO[29]
IO[28]
-
ETH2_2+
ETH2_1-
GND
12
GND
IO[27]
IO[26]
IO[64]
ETH2_2-
ETH2_3+
GND
11
GND
IO[25]
IO[24]
USB6+
ETH2_ACT#
ETH2_3-
GND
10
GND
IO[23]
IO[22]
USB6-
+3.3V
ETH2_VCC
GND
9
GND
IO[21]
IO[20]
USB5+
ETH2_LNK#
+3.3V
GND
8
GND
SATA2_RX+
IO[18]
USB5-
+5V
+5V
GND
7
GND
SATA2_RX-
SATA2_TX+
USB4+
IO[6]
IO[5]
GND
6
GND
SATA1_RX+
SATA2_TX-
USB4-
IO[8]
IO[7]
GND
5
GND
SATA1_RX-
SATA1_TX+
USB3+
USB_OC5/6#
IO[9]
GND
4
GND
IO[11]
SATA1_TX-
USB3-
USB_OC3/4#
VIO
GND
3
GND
GNT4#
REQ4#
GNT3#
GND
CLK4
GND
2
GND
REQ3#
GNT2#
SYSEN#
CLK3
CLK2
GND
1
GND
REQ2#
GNT1#
REQ1#
GND
CLK1
GND
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ETH1_LNK# GND
34
Functional Description
Table 7. Pin assignment of rear I/O connector J2 – I/O options: maximum FPGA control
F
F E D C B A Z
22
21
1
D
C
B
A
Z
22
GND
GA0
GA1
GA2
GA3
GA4
GND
21
GND
IO[36]
IO[40]
IO[44]
GND
CLK6
GND
20
GND
IO[35]
IO[39]
IO[43]
GND
CLK5
GND
19
GND
IO[34]
IO[38]
IO[42]
GND
GND
GND
18
GND
IO[33]
IO[37]
IO[41]
IO[45]
IO[46]
GND
17
GND
GNT6#
REQ6#
-
IO[47]
IO[48]
GND
16
GND
IO[32]
GND
-
IO[49]
IO[50]
GND
15
GND
GNT5#
REQ5#
-
IO[51]
IO[52]
GND
14
GND
IO[31]
IO[30]
IO[63]
IO[53]
IO[54]
GND
13
GND
IO[29]
IO[28]
-
IO[55]
IO[56]
GND
12
GND
IO[27]
IO[26]
IO[64]
IO[57]
IO[58]
GND
11
GND
IO[25]
IO[24]
USB6+
IO[59]
IO[60]
GND
10
GND
IO[23]
IO[22]
USB6-
IO[61]
IO[62]
GND
9
GND
IO[21]
IO[20]
USB5+
IO[2]
IO[1]
GND
8
GND
IO[19]
IO[18]
USB5-
IO[4]
IO[3]
GND
7
GND
IO[17]
IO[16]
USB4+
IO[6]
IO[5]
GND
6
GND
IO[15]
IO[14]
USB4-
IO[8]
IO[7]
GND
5
GND
IO[13]
IO[12]
USB3+
USB_OC5/6#
IO[9]
GND
4
GND
IO[11]
IO[10]
USB3-
USB_OC3/4#
VIO
GND
3
GND
GNT4#
REQ4#
GNT3#
GND
CLK4
GND
2
GND
REQ3#
GNT2#
SYSEN#
CLK3
CLK2
GND
1
GND
REQ2#
GNT1#
REQ1#
GND
CLK1
GND
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E
35
Functional Description
Table 8. Signal mnemonics of rear I/O connector J2
Signal
Power
Direction
Function
GND
-
Ground
VIO
in
3.3 V V(I/O) supply voltage
+3.3V
in
+3.3V supply voltage, optional
+5V
in
+5V supply voltage, optional
CLK[6:1]
out
Clocks 1 to 6
GA[4:0]
in
Geographic addressing signals 0 to 4
GNT#[6:1]
out
Grant 1 to 6
REQ#[6:1]
in
Request 1 to 6
SYSEN#
in
System slot identification
ETH0_[3:0]+, ETH0_[3:0]-
in/out
Differential data pairs 0 to 3, port 0
ETH1_[3:0]+, ETH1_[3:0]-
in/out
Differential data pairs 0 to 3, port 1
ETH2_[3:0]+, ETH2_[3:0]-
in/out
Differential data pairs 0 to 3, port 2
ETH0_ACT#, ETH1_ACT#, ETH2_ACT#
out
Signal for activity status LED, ports 0 to
2, optional
ETH0_LNK#, ETH1_LNK#, ETH2_LNK#
out
Signal for link status LED, ports 0 to 2,
optional
ETH0_VCC, ETH1_VCC, ETH2_VCC
out
Reference voltage, ports 0 to 2
SATA1_RX+, SATA1_RX-
in
Differential SATA receive lines, port 1
SATA1_TX+, SATA1_TX-
out
Differential SATA transmit lines, port 1
SATA2_RX+, SATA2_RX-
in
Differential SATA receive lines, port 2
SATA2_TX+, SATA2_TX-
out
Differential SATA transmit lines, port 2
USB3+, USB3-
in/out
Differential USB 2.0 lines, port 3
USB4+, USB4-
in/out
Differential USB 2.0 lines, port 4
USB5+, USB5-
in/out
Differential USB 2.0 lines, port 5
USB6+, USB6-
in/out
Differential USB 2.0 lines, port 6
USB_OC3/4#, USB_OC5/6#
in
USB overcurrent, ports 3 and 4,and
ports 5 and 6, optional
FPGA I/O
IO[64:1]
in/out
FPGA I/O pins, 64 lines
GPIO
(FPGA)
GPIO1_[6:0], GPIO2_[6:0]
in/out
GPIO pins, 2 x 7 lines on controllers 1
and 2
COM1..4
(FPGA)
COM[2:1]_CTS#
in
Clear to send (COM1, COM2)
COM[2:1]_DCD#
in
Data carrier detected (COM1, COM2)
COM[2:1]_DSR#
in
Data set ready (COM1, COM2)
COM[2:1]_DTR#
out
Data terminal ready (COM1, COM2)
COM[2:1]_RI#
in
Ring indicator (COM1, COM2)
COM[2:1]_RTS#
out
Request to send (COM1, COM2)
COM[4:1]_RXD
in
Receive data
COM[4:1]_TXD
out
Transmit data
CompactPCI
Ethernet
SATA
USB
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MENMON
3
MENMON
3.1
General
MENMON is the CPU board firmware that is invoked when the system is powered
on.
The basic tasks of MENMON are:
•
•
•
•
•
Initialize the CPU and its peripherals.
PCI/PCIe auto configuration.
Perform self-test.
Provide debug/diagnostic features on MENMON command line.
Interaction with the user via touch panel/TFT display (if supported through
FPGA).
• Boot operating system.
• Update firmware or operating system.
The following description only includes board-specific features. For a general
description and in-depth details on MENMON, please refer to the MENMON 2nd
Edition User Manual.
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MENMON
3.1.1
State Diagram
Figure 4. MENMON – State diagram, Degraded Mode/Full Mode
Degraded Mode
EarlyInit
/do CPU early init
Check if secondary MENMON
valid
Secondary MENMON valid
Secondary
MENMON
Secondary MENMON not valid or abort pin set
DegradedStartup
StartupPrologue
Determine clocks
I²C controller init
SYSPARAM init
Init early MMBIOS devs
’D’ or ’d’ pressed
DRAM not working
Check for 'D' pressed
Parse SO-DIMM SPD
Init DRAM
Check for 'd' pressed
Quick DRAM test
DRAM ok
Relocating
MainState
Full Mode
FullStartup
Init heap in DRAM
StartupPrologue
MainState
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MENMON
Figure 5. MENMON – State diagram, main state
Main State
Init
SETUP
Screen Menu
Init on-chip MMBIOS devs
PCI autoconfig
RTC init
(FPGA load)
Init further MMBIOS devs
Check for user abort
User abort
or degraded mode
No user intervention
do/ start network servers
Screen oriented Main menu
Selftest
's' pressed
Perform self tests
Check for user abort
User abort or
Self-test error and
stignfault=false
Touch pressed outside setup
TouchCalib
do/ touch calibration
No user intervention
Auto Update Check
do/ check for update media
Execute Auto update dialog
when suitable medium found
Leave dialog after 5 seconds
Booting
Execute mmstartup string
[mmstartup empty]
Jump to bootstrapper
MenmonCli
User abort or
Boot failure
entry/ start network servers
do/ process command line
No user intervention
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MENMON
3.2
Interacting with MENMON
To interact with MENMON, you can use the following consoles:
•
•
•
•
•
UART-to-USB COM (via UART-to-USB interface)
Rear I/O COM1..4 (FPGA-controlled)
Touch panel / TFT interface (if present)
Telnet via network connection
HTTP /monpage via network connection
The default setting of the COM ports is 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and one
stop bit.
3.2.1
Entering the Setup Menu/Command Line
During normal boot, you can abort the booting process in different ways during the
self-test, depending on your console:
• With a touch panel press the "Setup" button to enter the Setup Menu.
• With a text console press the "s" key to enter the Setup Menu.
• With a text console press "ESC" to enter the command line.
By default, the self-test is not left until 3 seconds have elapsed (measured from the
beginning of the self-test), even if the actual test has finished earlier, to give the user
a chance to abort booting and enter the Setup Menu.
You can modify the self-test wait time through MENMON system parameter stwait
(see stwait).
3.3
Configuring MENMON for Automatic Boot
You can configure how MENMON boots the operating system either through the
Setup Menu or through the command line.
In the Basic Setup Menu you can select the boot sequence for the bootable devices
on the F50C. The selected sequence is stored in system parameter mmstartup as a
string of MENMON commands. For example, if the user selects: "Int. CF, Ether,
(None)", the mmstartup string will be set to "DBOOT 0; NBOOT TFTP".
You can view and modify this string directly, using the Expert Setup Menu, option
Startup string, or through the command-line command EE-MMSTARTUP.
(See also MENMON 2nd Edition User Manual for further details.)
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MENMON
3.4
Updating Boot Flash
3.4.1
Update via the Serial Console using SERDL
You can use command SERDL to update program data using the serial console.
The following table shows the F50C locations:
Table 9. MENMON – Program update files and locations
File Name
Extension
Typical File Name
Password for
SERDL
Location
.SMM
14XM50-00_01_02.SMM
MENMON
Secondary MENMON
.Fxxx
MYFILE.F000
-
Starting at sector xxx in
boot Flash
.Exx
MYFILE.E00
-
Starting at byte xx in
EEPROM
3.4.2
Update from Network using NDL
You can use the network download command NDL to download the update files
from a TFTP server in network. The file name extensions, locations and passwords
are the same as for the SERDL command.
3.4.3
Update via Program Update Menu
MENMON scans an external medium connected to the first USB port (USB0) for
files named 14XM50*.SMM. The Program Update Menu will then give a list of all
files on this medium conforming with this name pattern for selection.
3.4.4
Automatic Update Check
MENMON’s automatic update check looks for some special files on an external
medium connected to the first USB port (USB0). However, the F50C
implementation does not support program update here but can boot from the
external medium.
The file that is searched for has a name stored in system parameter bf or bootfile, or –
if this is empty – BOOTFILE. If this file is found, it is assumed that the external
medium is supposed to be booted from.
To allow MENMON to locate this file, it must be in the root directory of a DOS FS.
This works on unpartitioned media or on drives with one partition.
MENMON does not automatically start the boot but presents the following menu to
the user:
Detected an update capable external medium
>Ignore, continue boot
Boot from external medium
If there is no user input for 5 seconds after the menu appears, booting continues.
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MENMON
3.4.5
Updating MENMON Code
Updates of MENMON are available for download from MEN’s website.
MENMON’s integrated Flash update functions allow you to do updates yourself.
However, you need to take care and follow the instructions given here. Otherwise,
you may make your board inoperable!
!
In any case, read the following instructions carefully!
Please be aware that you do MENMON updates at your own risk. After an
incorrect update your CPU board may not be able to boot.
Do the following to update MENMON:
 Unzip the downloaded file, e.g. 14xm50-00_01_02.zip, into a temporary directory.
 Power on your F50C.
 Connect a terminal emulation program with the UART-to-USB port of your
F50C and set the terminal emulation program to 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop
bit, no parity, no handshaking (if you haven't changed the target baud rate on
your own).1
 Reset the F50C through software (e.g. reboot command under VxWorks).
 Press "ESC" immediately after resetting the F50C.
 In your terminal emulation program, you should see the "MenMon>" prompt.
 Enter "SERDL MENMON" to update the secondary MENMON. You should
now see a "C" character appear every 3 seconds.
 In your terminal emulation program, start a "YModem" download of file
14xm50-00_01_02.smm (for example, with Windows Hyperterm, select Transfer > Send File with protocol "YModem").
 When the download is completed, reset the F50C.
1
You can change the baud rate at runtime using command cons-baud. See Table 26,
MENMON – Command reference (page 56). If you want to accelerate file transfer you
can select a higher baud rate in MENMON and then set the terminal emulation program
accordingly.
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MENMON
3.5
Diagnostic Tests
3.5.1
Ethernet
Table 10. MENMON – Diagnostic tests: Ethernet
Test Name
Description
Availability
ETHER0
ETHER1
ETHER2
Ethernet 0/1/2 (LAN-0/1/2) internal
loopback test
Groups: POST AUTO
Always
(except ETHER2 with an
MPC8543 processor)
ETHER0_X
ETHER1_X
ETHER2_X
Ethernet 0/1/2 (LAN-0/1/2) external
loopback test
Groups: NONAUTO ENDLESS
Always
(except ETHER2 with an
MPC8543 processor)
3.5.1.1
Ethernet Internal Loopback Test
The test
•
•
•
•
•
configures the network interface for loopback mode (on PHY)
verifies that the interface's ROM has a good checksum
verifies that the MAC address is valid (not 0xFFFFFF…)
sends 10 frames with 0x400 bytes payload each
verifies that frames are correctly received on the same interface.
If the network interface to test is the currently activated interface for the MENMON
network stack, the interface is detached from the network stack during test and
reactivated after test.
Checks:
• Connection between CPU and LAN controller
• Connection between LAN controller and PHY
Does not check:
• Connection between PHY and physical connector
• Interrupt line
• All LAN speeds
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MENMON
3.5.1.2
Ethernet External Loopback Test
This test is the same as the Ethernet Internal Loopback Test, but requires an external
loopback connector. Before sending frames, the link state is monitored. If it is not
ok within 2 seconds, the test fails.
Note: A loopback connector makes a connection between the following pins of the
8-pin Ethernet connector: 1-3, 2-6, 4-7, 5-8.
Checks:
• Connection between CPU and LAN controller
• Connection between LAN controller and PHY
• Connection between PHY and physical connector
Does not check:
• Interrupt line
• All LAN speeds
3.5.2
SDRAM, SRAM and FRAM
Table 11. MENMON – Diagnostic tests: SDRAM, SRAM and FRAM
Test Name
Availability
SDRAM
Quick SDRAM connection test
Groups: POST AUTO
Always
SDRAM_X
Full SDRAM test
Groups: NONAUTO ENDLESS
Always
SRAM
Quick SRAM test
Groups: POST AUTO
F50C is known to have
SRAM
SRAM_X
Full SRAM test
Groups: NONAUTO ENDLESS
FRAM
Quick FRAM test
Groups: POST AUTO
FRAM_X
Full FRAM test
Groups: NONAUTO ENDLESS
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Description
F50C is known to have
FRAM
44
MENMON
3.5.2.1
Quick RAM Test
This quick test checks most of the connections to the RAM chips but does not test
all RAM cells. It executes very quickly (within milliseconds).
This test is non-destructive (saves/restores original RAM content).
Checks:
•
•
•
•
All address lines
All data lines
Byte enable signals
Indirectly, checks clock and other control signals
Does not check:
• SDRAM cells
• Burst mode
3.5.2.2
Extended RAM Test
This full-featured memory test allows to test all RAM cells. Depending on the size
of the SDRAM, this test can take up to one minute.
It tests 8-, 16- or 32-bit access, each with random pattern, and single and burst
access.
On each pass, this test first fills the entire memory (starting with the lowest address)
with the selected pattern, using the selected access mode, and then verifies the entire
block.
This test is destructive.
Checks:
•
•
•
•
All address lines
All data lines
All control signals
All SDRAM cells
3.5.3
EEPROM
Table 12. MENMON – Diagnostic tests: EEPROM
Test Name
EEPROM
Description
I²C access/Magic nibble check
Groups: POST AUTO ENDLESS
Availability
Always
This test reads the first EEPROM cell over SMB and checks if bits 3..0 of this cell
contain the magic nibble 0xE.
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MENMON
3.5.4
USB
Table 13. MENMON – Diagnostic tests: USB
Test Name
Description
USB0..USB5 USB device access / sector 0
access
Groups: NONAUTO ENDLESS
Availability
Always
The test performs a sector 0 read from the Flash disk without verifying the content
of the sector.
Checks:
• USB control lines (Data- / Data+)
• Basic USB transfer
Does not check:
• IRQ signals
• Partition table or file system on disk
3.5.5
Hardware Monitor Test
Table 14. MENMON – Diagnostic tests: hardware monitor
Test Name
LM81
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Description
LM81 basic access test
Groups: POST AUTO
Availability
Always
46
MENMON
3.5.6
RTC
Table 15. MENMON – Diagnostic tests: RTC
Test Name
Description
Availability
RTC
Quick presence test of RTC
Groups: POST AUTO
Always
RTC_X
Extended test of RTC
Groups: NONAUTO ENDLESS
Always
3.5.6.1
RTC Test
This is a quick presence test of the real-time clock (RTC) and is executed on POST.
Checks:
• Presence of RTC (I²C access)
Does not check:
• If RTC is running
• RTC backup voltage
3.5.6.2
Extended RTC Test
Checks:
• Presence (e.g. I²C access)
• RTC is running
Does not check:
• RTC backup voltage
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MENMON
3.6
MENMON Configuration and Organization
3.6.1
Consoles
You can select the active consoles by means of system parameters con0..con3 and
configure the console through parameters ecl, gcon, hdp and tdp. MENMON
commands CONS(-xxx) also give access to the console settings (see Chapter 3.7
MENMON Commands (page 56)).
Table 16. MENMON – System parameters for console selection and configuration
Parameter
(alias)
cbr (baud)
Baud rate of all UART consoles
(decimal) (default: 9600 baud, 8n1)
Default
User
Access
9600
Read/write
con0..con3 CLUN of console 0..3
CLUN=0x00: disable
CLUN=0xFF: Autoselect next available console
con0 is implicitly the debug console
con0: 08 (UARTto-USB COM)
con1: 00 (none)
con2: 00 (none)
con3: 00 (none)
Read/write
ecl
CLUN of attached network interface
(hex)
CLUN=0x00: none
CLUN=0xFF: first available Ethernet
0xFF
Read/write
gcon
CLUN of graphics device to display
boot logo
CLUN=0x00: disable
CLUN=0xFF: Autoselect first available graphics console
0xFF (AUTO)
Read/write
hdp
HTTP server TCP port (decimal)
0: don't start telnet server
-1: use default port 23
else: TCP port for telnet server
-1
Read/write
tdp
Telnet server TCP port (decimal)
0: don't start HTTP server
-1: use default port 80
else: TCP port for HTTP server
-1
Read/write
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Description
48
MENMON
3.6.2
MENMON Memory Map
3.6.2.1
MENMON Memory Address Mapping
Table 17. MENMON – Address map (full-featured mode)
Address Space
Size
Description
0x 0000 0000 .. 0000 1400
5 KB
Exception vectors
0x 0000 3000 .. 0000 3FFF
4 KB
MENMON parameter string
0x 0000 4200 .. 0000 42FF
256 bytes
VxWorks bootline
0x 0000 4300 .. 00FF FFFF
Nearly
16 MB
Free
0x 01D0 0000 .. 01DF FFFF
2 MB
Heap2
0x 01E0 0000 .. 01EF FFFF
1 MB
Text + Reloc
0x 01F0 0000 .. 01F1 FFFF
128 KB
Stack
0x 01F2 0000 .. 01F4 FFFF
128 KB
Stack for user programs and
operating system boot
0x 01F5 0000 .. 01FE FFFF
640 KB
Heap
0x 01FF 0000 .. 01FF FFFF
64 KB
Not touched for OS post mortem buffer i.e. VxWorks
WindView or MDIS debugs
(requires ECC to be turned
off!)
0x 0200 0000 .. End of RAM
3.6.2.2
Free or download area
Boot Flash Memory Map
Table 18. MENMON – Boot Flash memory map
Flash Offset
CPU Address
Size
Description
0x 00 0000 0x FF00 0000 14 MB
Available to user
(- 128 KB)
0x DE 0000 0x FFDE 0000 128 KB
System parameter section in boot
Flash (if useflpar system parameter
is set to 1)
0x E0 0000 0x FFE0 0000 1 MB
Secondary MENMON
0x F0 0000 0x FFF0 0000 1 MB
Primary MENMON
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49
MENMON
3.6.3
MENMON BIOS Logical Units
The following table shows fixed assigned CLUNs. All other CLUNs are used
dynamically.
Table 19. MENMON – Controller Logical Units (CLUNs)
MENMON BIOS
Name
CLUN
Description
0x02
ETHER0
Ethernet #0 (LAN-0)
0x03
ETHER1
Ethernet #1 (LAN-1)
0x04
ETHER2
Ethernet #2 (LAN-2)
0x06
USB
USB controller
0x08
UART-to-USB COM MPC854X DUART channel #0
0x0A
TOUCH
Reserved for touch console
0x10
SATA0
SATA port 0 (routed to SSD Flash)
0x11
SATA1
SATA port 1
0x12
SATA2
SATA port 2
0x20
CONSOLE1
FPGA-controlled rear I/O COM1
0x21
CONSOLE2
FPGA-controlled rear I/O COM2
0x22
CONSOLE3
FPGA-controlled rear I/O COM3
0x23
CONSOLE4
FPGA-controlled rear I/O COM4
0x2x
All other devices dynamically detected on PCI or
FPGA devices
0x40
Telnet console
0x41
HTTP monitor console
Table 20. MENMON – Device Logical Units (DLUNs)
CLUN/DLUN
1
Description
0x06/0x00
USB
USB controller1
0x10/0x00
SATA0
Disk at SATA port 0 (onboard SSD Flash)
0x11/0x00
SATA1
Disk at SATA port 1
0x12/0x00
SATA2
Disk at SATA port 2
The actual disks can be selected through command USBDP, see also page 57.
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MENMON
BIOS Name
50
MENMON
3.6.4
System Parameters
System parameters are parameters stored in EEPROM. Some parameters are
automatically detected by MENMON (such as CPU type and frequency). The
parameters can be modified through the EE-xxx command via the command line.
3.6.4.1
Physical Storage of Parameters
Most parameters are stored in the 1024-byte serial EEPROM on the F50C.
If required, you can configure MENMON to store some strings in boot Flash rather
than in EEPROM.
3.6.4.2
Start-up with Faulty EEPROM
If a faulty EEPROM is detected (i.e. the checksum of the EEPROM section is
wrong), the system parameters will use defaults. The behavior is the same if the
EEPROM is blank. The default baud rate is 9600.
3.6.4.3
F50C System Parameters
Note: Parameters marked by "Yes" in section "Parameter String" are part of the
MENMON parameter string.
Table 21. MENMON – F50C system parameters – Autodetected parameters
Parameter
(alias)
Description
Standard Default
Parameter
String
User
Access
ccbclkhz
CCB clock frequency (decimal, Hz)
Yes
Read-only
clun
MENMON controller unit number that
MENMON used as the boot device
(hexadecimal)
Yes
Read-only
cons
Selected console. Set to name of first
selected console
Yes
Read-only
cpu
CPU type as ASCII string (e.g.
"MPC8548E")
Yes
Read-only
cpuclkhz
CPU core clock frequency (decimal, Hz)
Yes
Read-only
dlun
MENMON device unit number that
MENMON used as the boot device
(hexadecimal)
Yes
Read-only
flash0
Flash size (decimal, kilobytes)
Yes
Read-only
fram0
FRAM size (decimal, kilobytes)
Yes
Read-only
immr
Physical address of CCSR register
block
Yes
Read-only
mem0
RAM size (decimal, kilobytes)
Yes
Read-only
Yes
Read-only
Yes
Read-only
SRAM1
mem1
Size of
memclkhz
Memory clock frequency (decimal, Hz)
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(decimal, kilobytes)
51
MENMON
Parameter
(alias)
Description
Standard Default
Parameter
String
User
Access
mm
Info whether primary or secondary
MENMON has been used for booting,
either "smm" or "pmm"
Yes
Read-only
mmst
Status of diagnostic tests, as a string
Yes
Read-only
nmac0/1/2
MAC address of Ethernet interface x
(0..n). Format e.g. "00112233445566".
Set automatically according to serial
number of the board
Yes
Read-only
pciclkhz
PCI bus clock frequency = system input
clock (decimal, Hz)
Yes
Read-only
rststat
Reset status code as a string, see
Chapter 3.6.4.4 Reset Cause – Parameter rststat on page 55
Yes
Read-only
usbdp
USB boot device path in format
“bus>1st_port_no>…>last_port_no”
(e.g. “00>02>01” for USB bus = 0, port
no. 1 = 2, port no. 2 = 1)
Yes
Read-only
1
If implemented.
Table 22. MENMON – F50C system parameters – Production data
Parameter
(alias)
Description
Standard Default
Parameter
String
User
Access
brd
Board name
-
Yes
Read-only
brdmod
Board model "mm"
-
Yes
Read-only
brdrev
Board revision "xx.yy.zz"
-
Yes
Read-only
prodat
Board production date MM/DD/YYYY
-
Yes
Read-only
repdat
Board last repair date MM/DD/YYYY
-
Yes
Read-only
sernbr
Board serial number
-
Yes
Read-only
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MENMON
Table 23. MENMON – F50C system parameters – MENMON persistent parameters
Parameter
(alias)
Description
Standard Default
Parameter
String
User
Access
bsadr (bs)
Bootstrapper address. Used when BO
command was called without arguments. (hexadecimal, 32 bits)
0
No
Read/write
cbr (baud)
Baudrate of all UART consoles (dec)
9600
Yes
Read/write
con0..con3
CLUN of console 0..3. (hex) (see Chap- 0xFF = auto
ter 3.6.1 Consoles on page 48)
No
Read/write
eccsth
ECC single-bit error threshold
32
No
Read/write
ecl
CLUN of attached network interface
(hex)
0xFF
No
Read/write
gcon
CLUN of graphics screen (hex) (see
Chapter 3.6.1 Consoles on page 48)
0xFF = auto
No
Read/write
hdp
HTTP server TCP port (decimal)
-1
No
Read/write
kerpar
Linux Kernel Parameters (399 chars
max). Part of VxWorks bootline if useflpar=0. (400 chars max if useflpar=1)
Empty string
No
Read/write
ldlogodis
Disable load of boot logo (bool)
0
No
Read/write
mmstartup
(startup)
Start-up string
256 chars max if useflpar=0
512 chars max if useflpar=1
Empty string
No
Read/write
nobanner
Disable ASCII banner on start-up
0
No
Read/write
noecc
Do not use ECC even if board supports
it (bool)
0
No
Read/write
nspeed0/1/3
Speed setting for Ethernet interface
0..3.
Possible values: AUTO, 10HD, 10FD,
100HD, 100FD, 1000
AUTO
Yes
Read/write
stdis
Disable POST (bool)
0
No
Read/write
stdis_XXX
Disable POST test with name XXX
0
(bool)
stdis_ether – Internal ETHER0/1/2 loopback
stdis_fram – FRAM test1
stdis_sram – SRAM test2
stdis_touch – Touch controller test
No
Read/write
stignfault
Ignore POST failure, continue boot
(bool)
1
No
Read/write
stwait
Time in 1/10 seconds to stay at least in
SELFTEST state (decimal)
0 = Continue as soon as POST has finished
30
No
Read/write
tdp
Telnet server TCP port (decimal)
-1
No
Read/write
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53
MENMON
Parameter
(alias)
Description
Standard Default
Parameter
String
User
Access
tries
Number of network tries
20
No
Read/write
tto
Minimum timeout between network
retries (decimal, in seconds)
0
No
Read/write
u00..u15
User parameters (hex, 16 bits)
0x0000
No
Read/write
updcdis
Disable auto update check (bool)
0
No
Read/write
useflpar
Store kerpar and mmstartup parameters
in boot Flash rather than in EEPROM
(bool)
0
No
Read/write
vmode
Vesa Video Mode for graphics console
(hex)
0x0101
No
Read/write
wdt
Time after which watchdog timer shall
reset the system after MENMON has
passed control to operating system
(decimal, in 1/10 s)
If 0, MENMON disables the watchdog
timer before starting the operating system.
Note: The F50C watchdog supports
only the following values:
0: Disable watchdog timer
11: Short time-out (1.12 seconds)
260: Long time-out (26.0 seconds)
0 (disabled)
No
Read/write
1
2
If FRAM is implemented.
If SRAM is implemented.
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MENMON
Table 24. MENMON – F50C system parameters – VxWorks bootline parameters
Parameter
(alias)
Description
Standard Default
Parameter
String
User
Access
bf (bootfile)
Boot file name (127 chars max)
Empty string
No
Read/write
bootdev
VxWorks boot device name
Empty string
No
Read/write
e (netip)
IP address, subnet mask, e.g.
192.1.1.28:ffffff00
Empty string
No
Read/write
g (netgw)
IP address of default gateway
Empty string
No
Read/write
h (nethost)
Host IP address (used when booting
over NBOOT TFTP)
Empty string
No
Read/write
hostname
VxWorks name of boot host
Empty string
No
Read/write
netaddr
Access the IP address part of netip
parameter
No
Read/write
netsm
Access the subnet mask part of netip
parameter
No
Read/write
procnum
VxWorks processor number (decimal)
0
No
Read/write
s
VxWorks start-up script
Empty string
No
Read/write
tn (netname)
Host name of this machine
Empty string
No
Read/write
unitnum
VxWorks boot device unit number (deci- 0
mal)
No
Read/write
3.6.4.4
Reset Cause – Parameter rststat
The following rststat values are possible:
When MENMON starts up, it determines the reset cause and sets system parameter
rststat accordingly:
Table 25. MENMON – Reset causes through system parameter rststat
rststat Value
pwon
Power On
swrst
Board was reset by software (by means of the board’s reset controller).
wdog
Board was reset by watchdog timer unit
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Description
55
MENMON
3.7
MENMON Commands
The following table gives all MENMON commands that can be entered on the F50C
MENMON prompt. You can call this list also using the H command.
Table 26. MENMON – Command reference
Command
.[<reg>] [<val>]
Display/modify registers in debugger model
ACT [<addr>] [<size>]
Execute a HWACT script
ARP
Dump network stack ARP table
B[DC<no>] [<addr>]
Set/display/clear breakpoints
BIOS_DBG <mask> [net] | cons
<clun>
Set MENMON BIOS or network debug level,
set debug console
BO [<addr>] [<opts>]
Call OS bootstrapper
BOOTP [<opts>]
Obtain IP config via BOOTP
C[BWLLNAX#] <addr> [<val> ...]
Change memory
CHAM [<clun>]
Dump FPGA Chameleon table
CONS
Show active consoles
CONS-ACT <clun1> [<clun2>] ...
Test console configuration
CONS-BAUD <baud>
Change baud rate instantly without storing
CONS-GX <clun>
Test graphics console
D [<addr>] [<cnt>]
Dump memory
DBOOT [<clun>] [<dlun>] [<opts>]
Boot from disk
DCACHE OFF | ON
Enable/disable data cache
DIAG [<which>] [VTF]
Run diagnostic tests
DSKRD <args>
Read blocks from RAW disk
DSKWR <args>
Write blocks to RAW disk
EE[-xxx] [<arg>]
Persistent system parameter commands
EER[-xxx] [<arg>]
Raw serial EEPROM commands
ERASE <D> [<O>] [<S>]
Erase Flash sectors
FI <from> <to> <val>
Fill memory (byte)
GO [<addr>]
Jump to user program
H
HELP
Print help
I [<D>]
List board information
ICACHE OFF | ON
Enable/disable instruction cache
IOI
Scan for BIOS devices
LM81
Show current voltage and temperature values
LOGO
Display MENMON start-up text screen
LS <clun> <dlun> [<opts>]
List files/partitions on device
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Description
56
MENMON
Command
MC <addr1> <addr2> <cnt>
Compare memory
MII <clun> [<reg>] [<val>]
Ethernet MII register command
MO <from> <to> <cnt>
Move (copy) memory
MS <from> <to> <val>
Search pattern in memory
MT [<opts>] <start> <end>
[<runs>]
Memory test
NBOOT [<opts>]
Boot from network
NDL [<opts>]
Update Flash from network
NETSTAT
Show current state of networking parameters
PCI
PCI probe
PCIC <dev> <addr> [<bus>]
[<func>] [<val>]
PCI config register change
PCID[+] <dev> [<bus>] [<func>]
PCI config register dump
PCIR
List PCI resources
PCI-VPD[-] <devNo> [<busNo>]
[<capId>]
PCI Vital Product Data dump
PFLASH <D> <O> <S> [<A>]
Program Flash
PGM-XXX <args>
Media copy tool
PING <host> [<opts>]
Network connectivity test
RELOC
Relocate MM to RAM
RST
Cause an instant system reset
RTC[-xxx] [<arg>]
Real time clock commands
S [<addr>]
Single step user program
SERDL [<passwd>]
Update Flash using YModem protocol
SETUP
Open interactive Setup menu
UNZIP src size [<opt>] [<dest>]
[<size>]
Unzip memory zipped by gzip
USB [<bus>]
Init USB controller and devices on a USB bus
USBT [<bus> <p1>..<p5>]
Shows the USB device tree
USBDP [<bus p1..p5>] [-d<x>]
Display/modify USB device path
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Description
57
Organization of the Board
4
Organization of the Board
To install software on the board or to develop low-level software it is essential to be
familiar with the board’s address and interrupt organization.
4.1
Memory Mappings
Table 27. Memory map – processor view
CPU Address Range
Size
Description
0x 0000 0000..End of RAM 512/1024/
2048 MB
SDRAM
0x 8000 0000..DFFF FFFF
1536 MB
PCIe Memory Space
0x E000 0000..E7FF FFFF
128 MB
PCI1 Memory Space
0x E800 0000..EFFF FFFF
128 MB
PCI2 Memory Space
0x F000 0000..F00F 0000
128 MB
CCSR
0x F200 0000..F200 3FFF
Config PLD
0x F300 0000..F301 FFFF
FRAM (opt.)
0x F400 0000..F41F FFFF
SRAM (opt.)
0x FB00 0000..FBFF FFFF
16 MB
PCIe I/O / ISA Space
0x FC00 0000..FC00 7FFF
32 KB
PCI1 I/O Space
0x FF00 0000..FFFF FFFF
16 MB
Flash
Table 28. Address mapping for PCI
CPU Address Range
Interface
Mapped to PCI Space
Description
0x 8000 0000..9FFF FFFF
PCIe
0x 8000 0000..9FFF FFFF
(MEM)
PCIe memory space
(prefetchable BARs)
0x A000 0000..DFFF FFFF
PCIe
0x A000 0000..DFFF FFFF
(MEM)
PCIe memory space
(non-prefetchable
BARs)
0x E000 0000..E7FF FFFF
PCI1
0x E000 0000..E7FF FFFF
(MEM)
PCI1 memory space
0x E700 0000..EFFF FFFF
PCI21
0x E700 0000..EFFF FFFF
(MEM)
PCI2 memory space
0x FB00 0000..FBFE FFFF
PCIe
0x 0000 0000..00FE FFFF
(ISA)
PCIe ISA memory
0x FBFF 8000..FBFF FFFF
PCIe
0x 0000..7FFF (I/O)
PCIe I/O space
0x FC00 0000..FC00 7FFF
PCI1
0x 8000..FFFF (I/O)
PCI1 I/O space
1
PCI2 not available for MPC8543.
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58
Organization of the Board
4.2
Interrupt Handling
Interrupt handling is done via the 12 external interrupt lines of the CPU
(IRQ[11:0]). While the IRQ lines 8 to 10 are used as PCI interrupt lines (see Table
30, Interrupt numbering assigned by MENMON, on page 59), the Ethernet function
unit interrupt is routed to a dedicated interrupt line. The mapping is as follows:
Table 29. Dedicated interrupt line assignment
MPC854X IRQ Input
Function
IRQ0
Ethernet
Table 30. Interrupt numbering assigned by MENMON
MPC854X IRQ
Input
PCI Interrupt
Line
Function
Assigned Number
(MENMON)
IRQ0
PCIe_INTA
-
0xF0
IRQ1
PCIe_INTB
FPGA
0xF1
IRQ2
PCIe_INTC
-
0xF2
IRQ3
PCIe_INTD
-
0xF3
IRQ8
PCI_INTA
SATA
0x8
IRQ9
PCI_INTB
1st USB Controller
(USB0/2)
0x9
IRQ10
PCI_INTC
2nd USB Controller
(USB3/4/5)
0xA
4.3
SMB Devices
Table 31. SMB devices
I²C Bus
0x0
0x1
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Address
Function
0x5E
LM81 hardware monitor
0xA2
Real-time clock
0xA8
CPU EEPROM
0xD2
Clock generator
0xAC
ID EEPROM
59
Organization of the Board
4.4
Onboard PCI Devices
Table 32. Onboard PCI devices
Interface
PCI1
PCI2
Bus
0x00
0x01
Device
Vendor ID Device ID
0x00
0x1057
0x0013
PCI host bridge in MPC854X
-
0x10
0x1095
0x3114
SATA
PCI_INTA (IRQ8)
0x00
0x1057
0x0013
PCI host bridge in MPC854X
-
0x11
0x1033
0x0035/
0x00E0
1st USB Controller (USB0/2)
PCI_INTB (IRQ9)
2nd USB Controller (USB3/4/5)
PCI_INTC (IRQ10)
0x12
PCIe
Function
Interrupt
0x02
0x00
0x1957
0x0013
PCIe bridge in MPC854X
-
0x03
0x00
0x12D8
0x0404
-
0x04
0x01
0x12D8
0x0404
PCIe switch for CompactPCI
bus
0x02
0x03
0x05
0x00
0x1A88
0x4D45
FPGA (if implemented)
PCIe_INTB (IRQ 1)
0x06
0x00
0x12D8
0xE110
PCIe bridge (CompactPCI bus)
-
MEN Mikro Elektronik GmbH
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Appendix
5
Appendix
5.1
Literature and Web Resources
• F50C data sheet with up-to-date information and documentation:
www.men.de/products/02F050C.html
• 3U conduction cooled rack data sheet:
www.men.de/products/0701-0054.html
5.1.1
PowerPC
• MPC8548:
MPC8548E PowerQUICC™ III Integrated Processor Family Reference Manual
MPC8548ERM; 2007; Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
www.freescale.com
5.1.2
SATA
• Serial ATA International Organization (SATA-IO)
www.serialata.org
5.1.3
USB
• Universal Serial Bus Specification Revision 1.0; 1996; Compaq, Digital Equipment Corporation, IBM PC Company, Intel, Microsoft, NEC, Northern Telecom
www.usb.org
5.1.4
Ethernet
• ANSI/IEEE 802.3-1996, Information Technology - Telecommunications and
Information Exchange between Systems - Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 3: Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications;
1996; IEEE
www.ieee.org
• Charles Spurgeon's Ethernet Web Site
Extensive information about Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) local area network (LAN)
technology.
www.ethermanage.com/ethernet/
• InterOperability Laboratory, University of New Hampshire
This page covers general Ethernet technology.
www.iol.unh.edu/services/testing/ethernet/training/
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Appendix
5.1.5
CompactPCI
• CompactPCI Specification PICMG 2.0 R3.0:
1999; PCI Industrial Computers Manufacturers Group (PICMG)
www.picmg.org
• PCI Local Bus Specification Revision 2.2:
1995; PCI Special Interest Group
P.O. Box 14070
Portland, OR 97214, USA
www.pcisig.com
• CompactPCI PlusIO Specification PICMG 2.30 R1.0:
2009; PCI Industrial Computers Manufacturers Group (PICMG)
www.picmg.org
• Introduction to CompactPCI PlusIO on Wikipedia:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CompactPCI_PlusIO
5.2
Finding out the Board’s Article Number, Revision and
Serial Number
MEN user documentation may describe several different models and/or hardware
revisions of the F50C. You can find information on the article number, the board
revision and the serial number on two labels attached to the board.
• Article number: Gives the board’s family and model. This is also MEN’s ordering number. To be complete it must have 9 characters.
• Revision number: Gives the hardware revision of the board.
• Serial number: Unique identification assigned during production.
If you need support, you should communicate these numbers to MEN.
Figure 6. Label giving the board’s article number, revision and serial number
Complete article number
Article No.:
02F050C00
Serial No.:
000001
Rev. 00.00.00
Serial number
Revision number
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