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USER’S
MANUAL
C41 – VARIABLE SPEED CONTROL
Rev. 2.2
FEBRUARY, 2015
USER'S MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page #
Contents
1.0
OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................................... 1
2.0
FEATURES ..................................................................................................................... 1
3.0
SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................................... 2
4.0
BOARD DESCRIPTION .................................................................................................. 3
5.0
DIAGRAM OF CIRCUIT INTERNAL FOR JUMPER OF VFD IN THE C41Error! Bookmark not defined.
6.0
RJ45 FOR VFD CONNECTION ...................................................................................... 4
7.0
OPERATION MODE JUMPER ........................................................................................ 5
8.0
RJ45 FOR INPUT SIGNAL ............................................................................................. 6
9.0
DIMENSIONS................................................................................................................ 10
User’s Manual
Page i
1.0
OVERVIEW
This card lets you control your spindle with PWM and direction signals, as if it was an
axis motor. It converts the step signal into and an analog (0-10VDC). This card also
has two relays that can be used to control the direction (CW/CCW) and enable the drive
(On/Off). A Variable Frequency Drive or Inverter works by modifying the frequency for
AC motors. Most of these devices can be controlled with an external analog signal (010VDC). That is, if there is 5VDC coming into through the control signal, the motor will
run at 50% of full speed, if there was 10VDC, the motor will run at 100% of full speed. If
there is no signal coming out, then the motor will stop.
This unit can also be used on many DC motor controllers by replacing the potentiometer
that controls the speed.
2.0
FEATURES

Inputs a PWM signal and outputs an analog 0-10VDC.

Uses only two pins, one for PWM and one for direction. It is the presence of absence of
the valid PWM signal what would start/stop the spindle.

Has two relays that can be used to control the direction and enable and disable the
drive.

Jumper to select mode of operation, US or International mode. On US mode, one relay
would be used to start CW and the second one to start CCW. On International mode Relay
1 will start/stop, and Relay 2 will determine the direction of rotation.

Optoisolated output signals. The analog and CW/CWW signals are optically isolated, so
this board can be used with drives that make grounds common with the mains that drive the
VFD or motor.

All TTL +5VDC Signals. Interface directly with parallel port interface products and other
cnc4pc.com cards. 5VDC (TTL) signals are very common among automation devices.

Screw-On connections for all terminals. You only have to screw-on the wires to make all
your connections.

Flexible design. It works with cnc4pc’s products, directly through your parallel port, or
through many other parallel port control products.
User’s Manual
Page 1
3.0
SPECIFICATIONS
INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
On-state voltage range
Minimum on-state input current
Recommended PWM signal frequency
Signal Type
2 to 5V DC
10 mA
(200Hz)
Active High
ELECTROMECHANICAL RELAYS SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum Current (AC)
[email protected]; [email protected]
Maximum Current (DC)
[email protected]; [email protected]
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions
Millimeters: 105L x 75W x22D
External power
5V DC @ 300mA
Linearity Analysis (Analog voltage vs. %PWM)
User’s Manual
Page 2
4.0
BOARD DESCRIPTION
Requirements:
It requires a [email protected] power supply to operate.
Note: this connection is common to the PC GND
WARNING: To keep the output signals optoisolated, these must not have
common ground or current with other circuits you are using.
You will require a voltmeter to fine tune your system.
User’s Manual
Page 3
5.0
RELAY AND JUMPER INTERNAL WIRING.
In this diagram shows connections internal of the relays with the jumper and the RJ45 connector
for the VFD
6.0
RJ45 FOR VFD CONNECTION
This RJ45 let you make an easy connection between this boars and your VFD.
RJ45 for VFD
RJ45 PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Function
An. GND
Analog Output
Not Used
REL 1 N.O. Contact
Ext. GND
REL 2 N.O. Contact
Ext. 12VDC or 24VDC
Relay Common
An. GND: Gound of the Analog output signal
Analog Output: Isolated Analog Output Signal (0-10V)
Ext. GND: External 12V or 24V power supply GND.
Ext. 12VDC or 24VDC: External 12VDC or 24VDC power supply used to enable the VFD.
Relay Common: The signal or voltage wired to this terminal can be connected to the common
terminals of the relay 1 and relay 2. Use the on-board RELAY COMMON JUMPERS to do this
connection. Remove the jumper if this connection is not required.
User’s Manual
Page 4
7.0
OPERATION MODE JUMPER
Operation mode jumpers
This jumper allows selecting the way how the relays go to be activated when a PWM signal and
REV signal are present in the inputs terminals. See the tables below.
AMERICAN MODE (US)
INPUTS
INTERNATIONAL MODE (INT)
RELAYS
INPUTS
RELAYS
PWM
REV
REL 1
REL 2
ON
ON
OFF
ON
PWM
REV
REL 1
REL 2
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Relay 1 and 2
They can be used to control the VFD. The relay specification are shown in the below
table.
ELECTROMECHANICAL RELAYS
SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum Current (AC)
[email protected];
[email protected]
Maximum Current (DC)
[email protected];
[email protected]
Electromechanical Relays Specifications
User’s Manual
Page 5
8.0
RJ45 FOR INPUT SIGNAL
The RJ45 connector is for connecting the boards directly using a standard Ethernet
cable A standard Ethernet cable with RJ45 has straight through wiring. That means that
Pin1 = Pin1, etc…
This connector eases the installation process by eliminating the screw on terminals.
The RJ45 connector is used not just to carry the I/O signals placed in terminals, but also
to power board.
Before connecting anything, please be sure to read your VFD’s manual and make sure
you understand all the safety issues.
Configuring the Control Software:
It is strongly recommend you read your control software’s manual. You need to
configure your control software to control the spindle as if it was an angular axis. This
card requires a PWM input signal to deliver 10VDC. So you have to set the speed of
the motor (spindle) at maximum. For acceleration values adjust them to where you feel
comfortable. Keep in mind the acceleration of the motor must also be set in your VFD.
For configuring Mach follow these steps:
1. Go to Config / Ports&Pins / Motor Outputs. Enable the spindle and select the port and
pins you wired for step and direction.
User’s Manual
Page 6
Ports&Pins configuration screenshot
2. Go to Config / Ports&Pins / Spindle Setup. In the motor control box, check Use Spindle
Motor Output and Step /Dir Motor. Under Pulley Ratios set the pulley ratios of the
machine.
Spindle Setup screenshot
Go to Config / Motor Tuning / Spindle. On Steps per unit put 1,000, set velocity to maximum.
For Acceleration, choose the acceleration that you feel comfortable with. Start slow,
increase acceleration as you test your system. Under Step Pulse length, use a number from
3 to 5, but start with 3. This number is directly proportional to the final voltage you will get in
the analog output. Use this number and the fine tuning pot to adjust the voltage you want to
get at max speed.
User’s Manual
Page 7
Motor Tuning and Setup screenshot
After configuring the Mach, these steps should be followed.
Step 1. Ensure that all external power sources are set to OFF.
Step 2. Connect the power supply to the Power Inputs Terminals. If a RJ45 is used to
wire the power lines from the C32 or C35, don´t use those terminals and connect the
RJ45 for inputs signals.
Step 3. Connect the input signals to the Inputs Connectors. If a RJ45 is used to wire the
signal from the C32 or C35, don´t use those terminals.
Step 4. Turn on the external supplies.
Step 5. Connect a multimeter in the analog outputs connectors and make a fine tune to this
output:
Make sure that when you reach the max speed in the control
software you get 10VDC out. This voltage can vary
depending on many things, including the electrical properties
of parallel port or breakout board you are using, the length of
the step pulse your software is delivering, and the normal hi
or low status of your step pin. Play with the fine tuning pot in
the card, the normally hi or low status of your pin, and the
pulse width.
User’s Manual
Page 8
Step 6. Turn off the external supplies.
Step 7. Connect the analog output and external Relay contacts.
Step 8. Turn on the external power supplies.
Replacing a Potentiometer:
This circuit can be used to replace a potentiometer of DC motor
speed control circuits. This speed controller circuits are very
commonly used by SIEG, KB Electronics, and many other
oriental machines. Before explaining how to do it, please first
keep in mind that it can be done if the voltage that goes though
the pot is +12vdc or less. This circuit cannot be used for AC
currents.
In most cases the terminals that go to the potentiometer will
carry these signals:
P1 = GND
P2 = WIPER
P3 = REFERENCE VOLTAGE
These are the steps for replacing a potentiometer:
1. Measure the voltage difference between P1 and P3. Make sure it measures under
+12vdc.
2. Fine tune the analog output to the output voltage you got from step 1.
3. Connect the ground from the analog output to the ground of the potentiometer (P1).
4. Connect the analog output to the wiper connection of the potentiometer (P2).
User’s Manual
Page 9
9.0
DIMENSIONS
All dimensions are in Millimeters.
Disclaimer:
Use caution. CNC machines can be dangerous machines. Neither DUNCAN USA, LLC
nor Arturo Duncan are liable for any accidents resulting from the improper use of these
devices. This product is not a fail-safe device and it should not be used in life support
systems or in other devices where its failure or possible erratic operation could cause
property damage, bodily injury or loss of life.
User’s Manual
Page 10
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