Overseeder - Charterhouse Turf Machinery

Overseeder - Charterhouse Turf Machinery
User manual and parts
handbook
Overseeder
Model 1275/1575/2075
Serial number:
Translation of the original operating instructions
ATTENTION:
TO ENSURE SAFE USE OF THIS MACHINE AND TO BE ABLE TO ACHIEVE THE
BEST RESULTS, IT IS OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE TO READ THIS USER
MANUAL THOROUGHLY BEFORE USING THE OVERSEEDER.
1113 English 922.120.202
FOREWORD
Congratulations with the purchase of your Overseeder. To ensure long and safe use of this
Overseeder, it is of major importance to all users to read and understand this user manual.
Operation of this machine is not safe without full knowledge of the content of the manual.
The Overseeder is not an independently operating machine. The user is responsible for
using the appropriate tractor. The user must also check the tractor/Overseeder combination
for safety aspects, such as noise level, adequate user instructions and any risks.
The Overseeder is solely intended for use on lawns and other areas where grass could grow.
On the next page you will first find the general safety instructions. Every user must know and
apply them. After this, a registration card is included. This card should be returned for
handling any future claims.
This user manual offers many instructions numbered in sequence. This sequence should be
observed. An asterisk * indicates a safety instruction. An @ indicates a tip and/or note.
All information and technical specifications provided at the moment that this document is
published are the most recent ones. Design specifications may be changed without prior
notice.
This document is a translation of the original operating instructions.
Upon request, the original operating instructions are available in Dutch.
GUARANTEE CONDITIONS
THIS OVERSEEDER COMES WITH A GUARANTEE FOR DEFECTIVE MATERIALS.
THIS GUARANTEE IS VALID FOR A PERIOD OF 12 MONTHS FROM THE PURCHASING DATE.
OVERSEEDER GUARANTEES ARE SUBJECT TO THE “GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR SUPPLY
OF PLANT AND MACHINERY FOR EXPORT, NUMBER 188”, PUBLISHED UNDER THE
AUSPICES OF THE UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE.
REGISTRATION CARD
For your own information, please complete the table below:
Serial number of machine
Dealer name
Purchasing date
Remarks
2
!
Fig. 1
(1)
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
!
The design of the Overseeder allows for safe use.
However, this is only possible if the user fully
observes the safety instructions given in this
manual.
Read and understand (Fig. 1) the manual before
starting to use the Overseeder.
Not using the machine as described in the manual
may lead to injury and/or damage to the
Overseeder.
The Overseeder is solely intended for tilling lawns or areas where grass should
grow.
Any other use is considered to be incorrect use. The manufacturer does not
accept any liability with regard to damage resulting from incorrect use; all resulting
risks are the responsibility of the user.
Correct use also includes following the manufacturer’s instructions for use,
maintenance and repair.
Before using the Overseeder, inspect the area to be treated.
Remove any loose obstacles and avoid irregularities.
(2)
The Overseeder was constructed according to the latest technological knowledge
and is safe to use.
Improper use, maintenance or repair of the machine may result in injury to both
the user and others. This should be avoided!
Always use the Overseeder in combination with the appropriate tractor as
described in the technical data.
(3)
All persons whom the owner assigns to operate, maintain or repair the
Overseeder must read and completely understand the operating manual and in
particular the Safety Instructions section.
The user is responsible for a safe tractor/Overseeder combination. This unit
must be tested in terms of noise, safety and ease-of-use. In addition, user’s
instructions must be prepared.
(4)
Before using the Overseeder, the user is obliged to inspect it for visible damage
and defects.
Any changes of the Overseeder (including its functioning) that may affect its
safety must be corrected immediately.
For safety reasons it is in principle forbidden to make changes in or additions to
the Overseeder (with the exception of those approved by the manufacturer).
If any modifications have been made to the Overseeder, the present CE
certificate becomes null and void and the person who made the modifications
should himself make sure a new CE certificate is granted.
3
Inspect the Overseeder for loose bolts/nuts/parts before each use.
If present, inspect the hydraulic hoses regularly and replace them if they are
damaged or show signs of wear. The replacement hoses must meet the
manufacturer’s technical specifications.
Always relieve the pressure from the hydraulic installation, if present, before
carrying out any work on it.
NEVER use de Overseeder when protective covers and safety stickers are
missing.
NEVER crawl under the Overseeder.
Tilt the Overseeder if you need to have access to the bottom.
NEVER step off the tractor while the engine is still running.
When carrying out maintenance activities, adjustments or repairs make sure the
Overseeder is locked to prevent it from sinking/riding/sliding away.
When carrying out any maintenance activities, adjustments or repairs, always
switch off the tractor engine first, remove the tractor key from the ignition
and disconnect the PTO (Fig. 2).
Fig 2
When carrying out any maintenance or repair activities, make sure to use original
Overseeder parts only. This will ensure safety for the machine and its user.
Only authorised technical personnel may carry out adjustments and repairs to the
Overseeder.
Keep an overview of repairs.
(5)
In addition to the instructions in this user manual, the generally applicable
regulations with respect to safety and working conditions must be observed.
For use on public roads the relevant traffic rules also apply.
Transporting persons is not permitted!
Do not use the Overseeder when it is dark, during heavy rain/storms or on slopes
with a gradient of more than 20 degrees.
4
(6)
Before starting to work, all persons operating the Overseeder must be familiar
with all its functions and controls.
Connect the Overseeder to the vehicle that will pull it exactly according to the
instructions (Danger of injury!)
Before driving off, make sure you have a clear view both nearby and far away.
On both sides of the Overseeder, safety stickers (Fig. 3, 4, 5) have been applied
to the sideboards and to the back cover (Fig. 6) showing these warnings. Make
sure these safety stickers are always clearly visible and legible. Replace them if
they are damaged.
During operation, make sure there are NO persons in the danger area of the
Overseeder to prevent them from getting injured by moving parts (Fig. 3).
Fig 3
fig 4
Keep a distance of at least 4 metres! (Fig. 4)
Be aware of the maximum lifting capacity of the towing vehicle.
Wear suitable clothing. Wear sturdy shoes with a steel tip, wear long trousers, do
up long hair and wear no loose clothing.
Fig. 5
(7) Location of safety stickers (Fig. 5).
5
CONTENTS
Section
Description
Page
Foreword
2
Guarantee conditions
2
Registration card
2
Safety instructions
3
1.0
Technical data
7
2.0
First installation, removing the machine from the pallet
8
3.0
General parts list
9
4.0
Adjusting the working depth
10
5.0
Setting the seed quantity.
10
6.0
Transporting the Overseeder
12
7.0
Driving speed
11
8.0
General remarks on the use of the Overseeder
11
9.0
Operating the Overseeder
11
10.0
Start/stop procedure
12
11.0
Disconnecting the Overseeder
13
12.0
Troubleshooting
13
13.0
EU certificate
14
14.0
Maintenance
15
15.0
Adjusting the seeding slit opening
16
15.1
Adjusting the seed-tray scraper
16
15.2
Spreading test
17
Parts pages
6
1.0 TECHNICAL DATA
Model
1275
1575 / 1575LV
2075
Working width
1.20 m (47.2”)
1.58 m (62.2”)
2.08 m (81.9”)
Working depth
5 mm - 20 mm (0.19” - 0.78”)
Seeding speed
Up to 12 km/h (7.5 mph)
Weight
665kg (1315 lbs)
1160kg (2293 lbs) /
825 kg (1819 lbs)
1480 kg (3042 lbs)
75 mm (2.9”)
Seeding row distance
Number of cutting
elements
16
21
28
Recommended tractor
30 HP with minimum
lifting capacity of
800 kg (1764 lbs)
50 HP with minimum
lifting capacity of
1600 kg (3527 lbs)
Seed-tray capacity
168 ltr. (5.9 cu. ft)
40 HP with minimum
lifting capacity of
1300 kg (2866 lbs)
35 HP – 950kg (2094
lbs)
225 litres (7.9 cu. ft.)
Maximum capacity
13950 m2 (150156
ft2)
18900 m2 (203438
ft2)
24900 m2 (268021
ft2)
(theoretically at maximum speed
12 km/h (7.5 mph) and single
passage)
Seeding density per
100 m2 (1076.4 ft2)
Shipping dimensions
Three-point connection
Lubricant
300 litres (10.6 cu. ft.)
Fine seed:
0.2 - 2.8 kg (0.44 - 6.17 lbs)
(adjustable in 10 steps)
Coarse seed: 0.2 - 4 kg (0.44 – 8.82 lbs.)
(adjustable in 10 steps)
LxWxH
1000 x 1480 x
1450 mm
58.3” x 39.4” x 57.1”
LxWxH
1000 x 1874 x
1450 mm
39.4” x 73.8” x 57.1”
LxWxH
1000 x 2374 x
1450 mm
39.4” x 93.5” x 57.1”
Three-point CAT 1-2
EP 2
Tyre pressure
1 – 2 bar (14.5 - 29 psi)
Standard parts
Fillable back roller with scraper.
5 gear sets for adjusting the seeding density.
Integrated seed spreading tray.
Manual container.
Seed tray with sight-glass.
Seeding wheel adjusting to the area.
Independent cutting elements adjusting to the area.
Adjustment legs for storage.
7
Fig. 6
2.0
FIRST INSTALLATION, REMOVING THE MACHINE FROM THE
PALLET
The machine is standing vertically on the pallet. To remove the pallet and lay the machine
horizontally on the ground, proceed as follows (see Fig. 6):
1. Turn the adjustable legs (1) downwards and lock them using the locking pins
included.
2. Fasten a cable to the lifting point (2).
* * Make sure that the cable/crane/lift can lift at least
OS 1275:
800 kg (1764 lbs)
OS 1575:
1200 kg (2645 lbs)
OS 2075:
1600 kg (3527 lbs)
3. Raise the machine, including the pallet, 50 mm (2”) from the ground.
4. Remove the pallet by sliding it over the lower 3-point pins
* Do not crawl under the machine!!
5. Slowly lower the machine until it is standing on the ground.
6. Attach the machine to a tractor.
* Use the correct tractor. See the specifications.
7. Set the tractor’s stabiliser to 100 mm lateral movement.
8. Drive to the area that is to be tilled.
9. While driving carefully lower the machine into the ground.
10. Switch off the tractor and lock the tractor/Overseeder combination to prevent it
from driving/sliding away.
11. Turn the top rod to adjust the machine angle to 90 degrees.
8
3.0
GENERAL PARTS LIST
Figure 7 shows some important parts:
Fig. 7
1.
2.
Safety sticker RA, read user manual before use/toolbox.
Safety sticker 911.280.402, keep a distance of at least 4 metres from the
machine. Stop the engine before carrying out repairs or adjustments.
*
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Make sure all stickers are clearly visible on the machine and are understood.
The serial number is at the front on the three-point plate of the machine.
Three-point fastening pins.
Adjustable back roller scraper.
Receiving bin for a spreading test.
Access hatch to the transmission for setting the seeding density.
Filler cap of rear roller.
Seeding wheel adjusting to the area.
Seed tray.
Here also the various change gears for configuring the required seeding density
are found.
Cover providing access to the secondary drive chain and tensioner.
Adjustment screw of chain tensioner primary drive chain.
Sticker indicating the various gear settings and the associated seeding densities.
9
4.0
ADJUSTING THE WORKING DEPTH
The working depth can be adjusted by turning the top rod.
When the top rod is turned and, consequently, shortened the machine will incline forwards,
setting the seeding depth lower.
This works when the ground to be tilled is soft enough to be cut to obtain the correct seeding
depth.
The correct seeding depth can be achieved by, among other things, filling the rear roller with
water.
@
5.0
If the rear roller is filled with water, empty it before it starts freezing.
SETTING THE SEED-QUANTITY
The seed quantity can be set on the Overseeder
by using
various change gears.
These provide various combinations for a
broad range of settings (see Tab 1).
The gears have been marked with a number
given in Tab. 1; by changing the gears
as indicated, the required
quantity setting is obtained.
The different combinations of gears have been installed in
the seed tray.
Fig. 8
Gear option
Bottom Top
25
95
40
80
45
75
52
68
Bentgrass
Kentucky Bluegrass
Ryegrass
Kg/100m2 Lbs/1000ft2 Kg/100m2 Lbs/1000ft2 Kg/100m2 Lbs/1000ft2
0.20
0.40
0.20
0.40
0.30
0.60
0.40
0.80
0.35
0.70
0.55
1.10
0.45
0.80
0.40
0.80
0.65
1.30
0.60
1.20
0.50
1.00
0.85
1.75
58
62
0.70
1.40
0.60
1.20
1.00
2.00
62
58
0.80
1.60
0.75
1.50
1.20
2.45
68
52
1.00
2.00
0.90
1.80
1.40
2.80
75
45
1.30
2.60
1.10
2.20
1.90
3.85
80
40
1.50
3.00
1.40
2.80
2.20
4.45
95
25
2.80
5.70
2.60
5.30
4.15
8.40
Tab. 1
These quantities are determined with a slit distance of 0.3 mm between the seeding roller
and the pressure plate (see section 15.0 for setting).
In practice the quantities described in Tab. 1 may deviate to some extent due to other
measuring/working conditions.
@
In order to determine exactly the right seeding quantity for the seed used, it is
recommended to carry out a spreading test (see section 15.2).
10
6.0
TRANSPORTING THE OVERSEEDER
The user is responsible for the transport of the Overseeder behind the tractor when travelling
on public roads. Check the national traffic rules. In view of the weight of the Overseeder, a
maximum speed of 20 km/h (12.4 mph) should be observed while driving in open fields with
the machine raised. Higher speeds may endanger the driver and/or other people and even
damage the machine.
*
When the machine is in the raised position, at least 20% of the weight of the
tractor should be supported by the front axle.
7.0
DRIVING SPEED
The driving speed is limited to 12 km/h (7.5 mph).
Higher speeds are not recommended in view of excessive wear and damage that may occur
to the machine due to, for example, rocks in the ground.
8.0
GENERAL REMARKS ON THE USE OF THE OVERSEEDER.
Some general remarks/tips on the use of the Overseeder.
@ A field can be tilled 2 or 3 times in different directions in order to obtain a higher
seeding density and for seeding in a diamond shape.
@ Do not make sharp turns, preferably drive in straight lines to avoid damaging the
machine and/or the ground.
@ When hitting a hard object in the soil, the cutting elements may be
burred/damaged. Try to file burrs away or replace the cutting element.
@ When the cutting elements become wet, the seed may stick and accumulate
between the cutting elements.
@ Make sure the cutting elements do not become wet or postpone the work.
@ NEVER drive backwards while the running wheel is on the ground.
9.0
OPERATING THE OVERSEEDER
Before using the Overseeder in the field, check the following:
1.
Are there any loose objects in the field? Remove these first.
2.
Are there any slopes? The maximum slope this machine can work on is 20
degrees.
Always work downhill.
3.
Does the ground contain hard objects? If so, use the Overseeder at a low speed
and adjust the working depth.
4.
Is there any danger of flying objects, such as golf balls, which may distract the
attention of the driver? If so, do NOT use the Overseeder.
5.
Is there any danger of sinking or sliding away? If so, postpone the work.
6.
If the soil is frozen or very wet, the work should be postponed until the conditions
are more favourable.
11
10.0 STARTING/STOPPING PROCEDURE
Before starting the seeding, check the machine for the following points:
* While checking the machine/tractor combination must be fully locked to prevent it from
driving/sliding/sinking away. The tractor engine must be switched off.






Check the seeding elements for damage and repair if necessary.
Check if the passage to the seeding elements is not blocked (e.g. funnels).
Check if the machine is not wet or moist, in particular the seeding device.
Check the seed spreading by rotating the running wheel 1 time
(counterclockwise).
Check if the drive is running smoothly.
Check the tyre pressure.
START SEEDING.
The starting procedure is VERY important. If this procedure is not followed exactly as
described below, serious damage may occur to the machine. The procedure is as follows:
1. Put the seed in the seed tray.
2. Set the required seed quantity using the change wheels (see section 5.0).
3. Drive to the place where you want to start.
4. Start with a driving speed of about 3 km/h (1.9 mph).
5. While driving lower the machine carefully and in a controlled way until the seeding
elements are cutting the ground.
6. If necessary, stop the cutting discs in the ground to adjust the working depth (see
section 4.0).
* While adjusting, the machine/tractor combination must be fully locked to prevent it from
driving/sliding/sinking away. The tractor engine must be switched off.
7. Increase the speed until the correct driving speed has been reached.
STOP SEEDING
1. Decrease the driving speed to about 3 km/h (1.9 mph).
2. While driving, raise the machine out of the ground.
3. Go to the following place and start again as described.
@ It is absolutely imperative that the above procedures are followed. If the machine is placed
in the ground while standing still, it may be seriously damaged.
@ While driving, lower the machine CAREFULLY AND IN A CONTROLLED WAY during
the tilling.
@ NEVER drive backwards when the running wheel is on the ground.
12
11.0 DISCONNECTING THE OVERSEEDER
The machine can be disconnected from the tractor as follows:
1. Turn the adjustable legs (see fig. 6 pos. 1) downwards and lock them using the
2.
3.
4.
5.
locking pins included.
Slowly lower the machine until it stands on the ground.
Lock the rear roller to prevent it from rolling away.
Loosen the top rod and remove it.
Remove the lower arms from the tractor of the Overseeder.
*
Place the machine on a stable and level surface and make sure that the
machine is stable and cannot slide.
*
Switch off the tractor engine when people are walking around the machine and
lock the tractor/machine combination to prevent it from moving!
@
Make sure that the cutting elements do not touch the ground when storing the
machine to avoid damage.
12.0 TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Seeding cuts are poorly
shaped.
Possible cause
Solution
Seeding discs are worn.
Replace the seeding discs.
Poor ground.
Lower the working depth.
Aerate/irrigate the ground if it is
too dry and repeat the tilling later.
Replace the bearings.
Bearings of the seeding discs
are worn.
Seeding cuts are not closed.
The seed is not in the
seeding cut.
Too much dead leaves and
roots in the top layer of the
field.
Remove the dead leaves and
roots.
Increase the weight of the
machine.
Top rod incorrectly adjusted.
Correctly adjust the rod.
Slits are too wide.
Lower the working depth.
Ground is too hard.
Aerate/irrigate the ground and
repeat the tilling later.
Worn seeding discs.
Replace the seeding discs.
Wrong working depth.
Adjust the machine to the correct
working depth.
Seeding pipes/funnels are
blocked/dirty.
Unblock/clean.
Too wet conditions.
Postpone the tilling.
13
Problem
Seed is spoilt from the seed
tray.
Possible cause
Seeding slit too large.
Solution
Readjust the seeding slit.
Set the scraper closer to the
Distance between the scraper seeding roller.
and the seeding roller is too
large.
Tape up/glue.
The machine does not reach
the required depth.
The adjustment plate of the
seeding slit on the side is
leaking.
Tractor tensioning is too low.
Put drawing arms into a higher
hole.
Ground is too hard.
Aerate/irrigate.
Top rod is incorrectly
adjusted.
Drive wheel is slipping
Correctly adjust the top rod.
Too much dead leaves and
roots in the top layer of the
field.
Remove the dead leaves and
roots.
Not enough weight.
Add weight.
Ground is too wet.
Postpone the tilling.
Tyre pressure is too low.
Inflate.
Dose-measuring roller is dirty. Clean the dose-measuring roller.
Chain drive is rigid.
Lubricate.
13.0 EU CERTIFICATE
We, Redexim BV, Utrechtseweg 127, 3702 AC Zeist, The Netherlands, declare entirely on
our own responsibility that the product
OVERSEEDER MODEL 1575/2075 WITH MACHINE NUMBER AS INDICATED ON THE
MACHINE AND IN THIS MANUAL,
to which this declaration relates is according to the stipulation of the 2006/42/EC directive for
machines.
Zeist, 01/10/09
A.C. Bos
Manager Operations & Logistics
Redexim Holland
14
14.0 MAINTENANCE
Time schedule
Check point/lubricating
point
Method
Before each use
Check for loose bolts/nuts.
Tighten the loose bolts/nuts
with the correct torque.
Presence and legibility of safety Replace if damaged or
stickers (Fig. 5).
missing.
After first 20 operating hours
(new or repaired)
Grease the roller bearings of the Use EP 2 lubricating
rear roller.
grease.
Check for loose bolts/nuts.
After every 100 operating
hours.
Tighten the loose bolts/nuts
with the correct torque.
Use a chain spray.
Grease the drive chains.
Grease the roller bearings of the Use EP 2 lubricating
rear roller.
grease.
Check for loose bolts/nuts.
Tighten the loose bolts/nuts
with the correct torque.
Grease the drive chains.
Use a chain spray.
Check the tension of the drive
chains.
Tension the tensioners of
the drive chains.
Check the seeding roller for
dirt/damage.
Clean the seeding roller or
replace it if necessary.
Check the seeding slit opening.
Adjust the seeding slit if
necessary.
Check the seed quantity.
Carry out a spreading test.
Check the seeding
pipes/funnels.
Clean if necessary.
Check the seeding elements for
damage.
Repair or replace if
necessary.
15
15.0 ADJUSTING THE SEEDING SLIT OPENING
Fig. 9
If the seed production does not correspond with the table, the seeding slit may need
adjustment.
This is done as follows: (see fig. 9)
1. Loosen all lock nuts 3.
2. Adjust bolt 4 such that a feeler gauge of 0.3 mm (0.012”) can be slit just between the
roller 1 and the adjustment plate.
3. Check all bolts 4 and calibrate the slit opening between roller 1 and adjustment plate
2 along the entire width of the machine to 0.3 mm (0.012”).
4. Turn roller 1 half a turn and measure the slit opening.
If necessary adjust it to 0.3 mm (0.012”) by turning bolt 4 in or out.
5. Tighten the lock nuts 3.
@ The split opening should be equal along the entire width of the roller.
@ The slit opening must have the same size as the smallest seed part. This opening is
default set to 0.3 mm.
15.1 ADJUSTING THE SEED-TRAY SCRAPER
When the seeding tray is spoiling seed, the scraper setting may be incorrect.
To adjust this, proceed as follows (see fig. 9):
1. Loosen bolts and nuts 6.
2. Move scraper 5 up or down until the correct setting has been obtained.
3. Re-tighten the bolts and nuts 6.
@ The distance between roller 1 and scraper 5 is default set to 0.8 mm and should be
equally set along the entire width of the roller.
16
15.2 SPREADING TEST
If the seeding device needs recalibration for a certain seed type or if it must be
checked for proper operation in accordance with the seed table (see section 5.0 Tab
1) a spreading test is to be carried out.
This is done as follows: (see fig. 10).
Fig. 10
1. Place the machine safely on the support legs on a level surface.
*
Lock the machine to prevent it from moving.
2. First of all check the seeding slit opening for correct setting (see section
15.0).
3. Put the seed that is to be calibrated into the seed tray (4) and spread it
equally over the tray.
4. Remove the spreading tray 1.
5. Remove pins 2 on both sides of the machine.
6. Remove the funnel tray (3).
7. Slide the spreading tray underneath below the seed tray (4).
8. Turn the wheel (5) 13 full rotations counterclockwise.
9. Weigh the seed that is collected and multiply this by 5.37 (1275)
Weigh the seed that is collected and multiply this by 4.08 (1575)
Weigh the seed that is collected and multiply this by 3.06 (2075).
The result is the weight of the seed that is seeded per (kg) 100m2 / (lbs)
1000 ft2.
Compare the results with Tab. 1 (section 5.0) and do another spreading
test if necessary.
10. If the results of the spreading test do not reasonably match the calibration
values, check the seeding slit opening and adjust this if necessary (see
section 15.0).
11. Remount the parts in reverse order.
17
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