USER`S MANUAL - Minarik Drives

USER`S MANUAL - Minarik Drives
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USER’S MANUAL
Model VT8
VISI-TACH® Multi-Functional
Digital Indicator
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Copyright © 2000 by
Minarik Corporation
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form without written permission from Minarik Corporation. The information and
technical data in this manual are subject to change without notice. Minarik
Corporation and its Divisions make no warranty of any kind with respect to this
material, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of its merchantability
and fitness for a given purpose. Minarik Corporation and its Divisions assume no
responsibility for any errors that may appear in this manual and make no
commitment to update or keep current the information in this manual.
Printed in the United States of America.
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Safety Warnings
• This symbol denotes an important safety tip or warning.
Please read these instructions carefully before performing
any of the procedures contained in this manual.
•
DO NOT INSTALL, REMOVE, OR REWIRE THIS
EQUIPMENT WITH POWER APPLIED. Have a qualified
electrical technician install, adjust and service this equipment.
Follow the National Electrical Code and all other applicable
electrical and safety codes, including the provisions of the
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), when installing
equipment.
•
Reduce the chance of an electrical fire, shock, or explosion by
proper grounding, over-current protection, thermal protection,
and enclosure. Follow sound maintenance procedures.
Warning
Circuit potentials are at 115 VAC or 230 VAC above earth
ground. Avoid direct contact with the printed circuit board or
with circuit elements to prevent the risk of serious injury or
fatality.
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Contents
Specifications
1
Dimensions
2
General Information
3
Installation
5
General installation information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Screw terminal block
Mounting
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Shielding guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
AC Line voltage select switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Programming
DIP switches
11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Encoder power supply (DIP switch #1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Feedback select (DIP switches 2 and 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Decimal point selection (DIP switches 4, 5 and 6)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Mode selection (DIP switches 7 and 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Rotary DIP switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Time base calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Application Examples
23
Mode 1 (tachometer mode) - example 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Mode 2 (totalizer mode)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Mode 3 (time in process mode)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Mode 4 time in process mode (min:sec or hour:min format) . . . . . . . . . . .34
Unconditional Warranty
37
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Illustrations
Figure 1.
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Figure 2.
Screw Terminal Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Figure 3.
Connection Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Figure 4.
Line Voltage Select Switch SW501 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Figure 5.
VT8 Programming Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Figure 6.
VT8 DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Figure 7.
Encoder Power Supply DIP Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Figure 8.
Feedback Select DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Figure 9.
Decimal Point Location Select DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Figure 10. Operating Mode Select DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Figure 11. VT8 Rotary DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Figure 12. Mode 1 Example One Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Figure 13. Mode 1 Example Two Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Figure 14. Mode 2 Totalizer Mode Example DIP Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Figure 15. Mode 3 Example DIP Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Figure 16. Mode 4 Example DIP Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
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Specifications
Selectable AC Line Voltage (via switch SW501)
115 VAC +/- 10%, 50/60 Hz, 5.5 Watts
230 VAC +/- 10%, 50/60 Hz, 5.5 Watts
Selectable Power Supply Output (selected via switch SW502)
5 VDC @ 50 mA
12 VDC @ 25 mA
Operating Temperature Range
Maximum Input Rate
Feedback Frequency Range
LED Readout Size
50 mA, Regulated Source, +/- 4%
25 mA, Unregulated Source, +/- 20%
10°C–40°C
20 kHz
10 – 20000 Hz
0.7 inches
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Dimensions
Figure 1. Model VT8
Multi-Functional Digital Indicator Dimensions
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General Information
Minarik Corporation’s VISI-TACH® model VT8 provides a
means for monitoring the speed of rotating shafts using a
digital velocity transducer. Speed transducers such as
magnetic pickup, optical encoders or hall effect sensors
convert motor speed into a small signal frequency which is
supplied to the VT8.
The VT8 is a multi-functional device and can be programmed
for use as a tachometer for display of revolutions per minute,
feet per minute, etc. It can also be used as a totalizer, a timein-process monitor with a display of an inverse frequency, or a
time-in-process monitor with a time format in hours and
minutes, or minutes and seconds.
The unit is programmable using a series of switches, located
under the rear panel access cover. The variables programmed
using these switches are the power supply (5 or 12 VDC), the
type of feedback (magnetic pickup or optical encoder),
decimal point location, and the mode the unit will operate in.
The rotary switches program the time base in seconds.
Detailed explanations of each one of these items follow in the
programming section of this manual (page 11).
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Installation
Warning
Do not install, rewire, or remove this control with input
power applied. Doing so may cause fire or serious injury.
Make sure you have read and understood the Safety
Warnings on pg i before attempting installation.
General installation information
The VT8 components are sensitive to electrostatic fields.
Avoid contact with the circuit board directly.
Protect the VT8 from dirt and moisture. Provide adequate
clearance for wiring and programming. This takes place at the
back of the unit.
Mount the VT8 away from other heat sources. Operate
within the specified ambient operating temperature range.
The operating temperature range for the VT8 is 10ºC
through 40ºC.
Prevent loose connections by avoiding excessive vibration of
the VT8.
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Installation
Screw terminal block
Connections to Minarik’s VT8 digital indicator are made to a
screw terminal block. The screw terminal block has a similar
connection style to the one shown below.
Using a screwdriver, turn the terminal block screw counterclockwise to open the wire clamp. Insert stripped wire into the
wire clamp. Turn the terminal block screw clockwise to clamp
the wire.
Figure 2. Screw Terminal Block
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Installation
7
Mounting
1. Cut a rectangular opening 1-25/32 inches [45mm] high by
3-3/8 inches [86mm] wide in your panel.
2. Unscrew the two mounting bracket screws until the
threaded end is almost flush with the threaded bushing.
3. Place the VISI-TACH® through the panel opening and
install the mounting bracket by engaging the two hooks on
each bracket into the two slots on each side of the unit, with
the threaded end of the screws towards the back of the
panel.
4. Screw the two mounting bracket screws in until they “bite”
into the rear of the panel. The screws should be tight
enough to prevent the VISI-TACH® from moving, but do
NOT over tighten the screws or you may damage your
panel.
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Installation
Shielding guidelines
Under no circumstances should power and logic leads be
bundled together. Induced voltage can cause unpredictable
behavior any electronic device, including motor controls.
As a general rule, Minarik recommends shielding of all
conductors.
If it is not practical to shield power conductors, Minarik
recommends shielding all logic-level leads. If shielding is not
practical, the user should twist all logic leads with themselves
to minimize induced noise.
It may be necessary to earth ground the shielded cable. If
noise is produced by devices other than the VT8, ground the
shield at the VT8 end. If noise is generated by a device on the
VT8, ground the shield at the end away from the VT8. Do not
ground both ends of the shield.
If the VT8 continues to pick up noise after grounding the
shield, it may be necessary to add AC line filtering devices, or
to mount the VT8 in a less noisy environment.
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Installation
Connections
1. Connect the AC power line input on terminals L1 and L2.
This voltage may be either 115 or 230 VAC.
2. Connect the pickup, encoder or transducer on the terminals
as indicated in the drawing below.
IMPORTANT: To prevent possible interference do NOT
run pickup, encoder, or transducer cable in same conduit
as the AC line.
Figure 3. Connection Diagram
9
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Installation
Line voltage select switch (SW501)
ATTENTION: Change voltage switch settings only when the
VT8 is disconnected from AC line voltage. Make sure the
switch is set to its correct position before applying power. If
the switch is improperly set to a lower voltage position, the
transformer may be damaged.
The VT8 is equipped with line-voltage select switch SW501
(Figure 4). Set this switch to 115 if using a 115 VAC line
voltage input. Set the switch to 230 if using a 230 VAC line
voltage input.
Figure 4. Line Voltage Select Switch SW501
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Programming
The VT8 may be programmed before installing it into the
panel, and before connecting to the AC line and the pickup,
encoder or transducer, or after the entire system is set up. For
easier handling, it is usually more convenient to program the
VT8 before it is set in the panel.
For access to the programming switches, remove the two
screws holding the rear cover to the case and remove the
cover. The switches are illustrated in Figure 5.
Figure 5. VT8 Programming Switches
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Programming
DIP switches
To change the position of the DIP switches use a small
screwdriver to push each DIP switch to the desired position.
The DIP switch block has a similar construction style to one
shown below (Figure 11).
Figure 6. VT8 DIP Switches
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Programming
Encoder power supply (DIP switch #1)
DIP switch 1 determines the VT8 power supply output to an
external encoder. Set DIP switch to OFF for +5 VDC or ON
for +12 VDC to power an optical encoder. For accuracy and
current output of this power supply see the specifications on
page 1.
+5 VDC
ENCODER
VOLTAGE
12 VDC
ENCODER
VOLTAGE
Figure 7. Encoder Power Supply DIP Switch
13
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Programming
Feedback select (DIP switches 2 and 3)
DIP switches 2 and 3 are dependent upon which type of
feedback has been selected. See the table below for the
settings.
OPTICAL
ENCODER
FEEDBACK
MAGNETIC
PICKUP
FEEDBACK
Figure 8. Feedback Select DIP Switches
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Programming
Decimal point selection (DIP switches 4, 5 and 6)
DIP switches 4, 5 and 6 determine where the decimal point
will light in the display. See the table below for the settings.
Only one switch may be on at any time.
DECIMAL
DISPLAY
000.0
DECIMAL
DISPLAY
00.00
DECIMAL
DISPLAY
0.000
DECIMAL
DISPLAY
0000
Figure 9. Decimal Point Location Select DIP Switches
15
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Programming
Mode selection (DIP switches 7 and 8)
To select the mode in which the VT8 will operate, use DIP
switches 7 and 8.
Mode 1 (Tachometer mode)
Mode 1 is the tachometer mode (DIP switches 7 and 8 OFF).
The tachometer mode displays the monitored shaft speed or a
multiple of it. The display can be frozen to the last reading by
shorting terminal COM to terminal H.
Mode 2 (Totalizer mode)
Mode 2 is the totalizer mode (DIP switches 7 OFF and 8 ON).
In this mode the unit displays continuous count of pulses
received from the speed transducer. The display will turn over
to 0000 after either 10,000 pulses have been received from the
speed transducer or the unit has been reset. The display can be
reset to zero by shorting terminal COM to terminal H.
Mode 3 (Time in process monitor mode)
Mode 3 is the time-in-process monitor mode (DIP switches 7
ON and 8 OFF). This mode displays the time in process (or a
linear multiple of it) in seconds. The display in the time-inprocess monitor mode is inversely proportional to the
monitored shaft speed.
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Programming
17
Mode 4 (Time in process monitor mode with time
display)
Mode 4 is the time-in-process monitor mode (min:sec or
hour:min format) (DIP switches 7 and 8 to ON). In this mode
the unit displays the number in time format. This display can
be used to read minutes and seconds, or hours and minutes.
The display can be frozen to the last reading by shorting
terminal COM to terminal H.
MODE 1
(TACHOMETER
MODE)
MODE 2
(TOTALIZER
MODE)
MODE 3
(TIME IN PROCESS
MONITOR MODE)
MODE 4
(TIME IN PROCESS
MONITOR MODE
WITH TIME DISPLAY)
Figure 10. Operating Mode Select DIP Switches
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Programming
Rotary DIP switches
The programming variable which determines the display
reading is called the time base. The time base is the time
interval the VT8 uses to count the pulses from the speed
transducer and issue the result to the display.
The rotary DIP switches program the time base, in seconds,
from 0.01 seconds to 10.00 seconds. Settings of all zeros is
equal to a time base of 10.00 seconds. An explanation of the
time base calculation begins on page 19. The time base is
programmed for modes 1, 3, and 4 only.
Figure 11. VT8 Rotary DIP Switches
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Programming
19
Time base calculations
Ideally, the time base should be set between .67 seconds and 2
seconds. If the time base is set below .67 seconds, the display
will update too often and tend to flicker. If the time base is set
greater than two seconds, the display reading will not update
often enough and may lag the actual speed of the application.
To program the rotary switches, use a small screwdriver and
set the pointer mark to the desired number.
The following application variables must be known before
calculating the time base (t):
DDN = The desired display number. DDN is the known
display value at a certain shaft speed (RPM). It should be 4
digits and ignore any decimal point present.
RPM = Revolutions per minute of the monitored shaft at the
time when the DDN is known.
PPR = Pulses per revolution of the pickup, encoder or
transducer. This is the number of teeth on the pickup wheel or
lines on the optical encoder.
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Programming
Mode 1 (tachometer mode)
The time base (t) is a variable which scales the RPM of the
monitored shaft at the location of the speed transducer.
(DDN)(60)
t=
(RPM)(PPR)
The RPM and DDN in the above equation are arbitrary values.
Any RPM value may be chosen. The desired display number
for the RPM selected is then determined by the user’s
application.
Mode 2 (totalizer mode)
Mode 2 has no time base.
Mode 3 (time in process monitor mode)
To calculate the time base in mode 3 use the equation below:
60
250,000
t = (DDN)(RPM) X (ppr)
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Programming
21
Mode 4 (time in process monitor mode
(min:sec/hour:min format))
In this mode we must convert the DDN to an hours and
minutes (or minutes and seconds) format. This is done with
the following equation:
DDN = 60X + Y
where X = hours and Y = minutes when operating in the hours
and minutes mode, and X = minutes and Y = seconds when
operating in the minutes and seconds mode.
Calculate the time base with the following equation using the
DDN calculated with the equation above:
60
250,000
t = (DDN)(RPM) X (ppr)
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Application Examples
Mode 1 (tachometer mode) - example 1
Application
A PK1 magnetic pick up (PPR=30) is mounted on a motor and
is connected to a VT8. The VT8 will display the speed of the
motor directly. Calculate the required time base.
MOTOR
Solution
Using the equation on page 18 with arbitrary values of
RPM=100, and DDN=100 the time base becomes:
t=
(DDN)(60)
(RPM)(PPR)
=
(100)(60)
(100)(30)
= 2 seconds
This is the standard time base that the factory sets into the
VT8 for shipment. See Figure 12 for a diagram of the switch
settings for this example.
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Application Examples
Figure 12. Mode 1 Example One Switch Settings
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Application Examples
25
Mode 1 (tachometer mode) - example 2
Application
A PK21-30 encoder (30 lines per revolution) is monitoring the
speed of a motor with a maximum of 1800 RPM. The pulley
on the motor has a radius of 3.75 inches. The user wishes to
have the VT8 display the speed of a belt, which is mounted on
the pulley, in feet per second.
Find:
a. The required time base.
b. The error due to rounding the time base
c. The display range in feet per second if the motor speed
ranges from 60 to 1800 RPM.
d. A method for lowering the error.
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Application Examples
Solution to part a)
Start by obtaining a conversion factor between motor speed in
RPM to belt speed in feet per second. Use an arbitrary speed
of 1 RPM for the calculation.
1 RPM =
1 revolution
minute
1 foot
12 inches
1 RPM =
2(π)(r)
1min
1 rev
X
X
X
minute
60 sec
minute
1 RPM =
1min
2(3.14)(3.75)
1 rev
X
X
X
60 sec
minute
minute
1 foot
12 inches
= .0327 feet per second
Now calculate the time base using the equation on page 16:
t =
(DDN)(60)
(RPM)(PPR)
=
(.0327)(60)
(1)(30)
= .06545 sec
Rounded, the result is 0.07 second.
Solution to part b)
Calculate the error as follows:
% error = rounded value – original value X 100
original value
% error =
0.07 – 0.06545
0.06545
X 100 = 6.95%
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Application Examples
27
Solution to part c)
To determine the display range, calculate the minimum (min)
and maximum (max) speed in feet per second:
1 RPM = 0.0327 ft./sec.
Min speed = 30 RPM
= (30 RPM) X
0.0327 ft./sec
1 RPM
= 0.98175 feet/second or about 1 foot per second.
Max speed = 1800 RPM
(1800 RPM) X 0.0327 ft./sec
1 RPM
=
=58.905 feet/second or about 59 feet per second.
This means the display will range from about 0001 to 0059
feet per second.
Solution to part d)
The error due to rounding may be decreased by increasing the
display value by a factor of 10 and introducing a decimal
point. To do this set DIP switch DP4 to ON. The VT8 will
read a speed of 10 feet per second as 10.0 feet per second.
The new time base is calculated as follows:
t=
(DDN)(60)
(RPM)(PPR)
=
(.327)(60)
(1)(30)
= 0.654 sec. = 0.65 second (rounded)
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Application Examples
% error =
=
rounded value - original value
original value
0.65 – 0.6545
0.6545
X 100
X 100
The new display range is:
Min speed = 30 RPM =
(30 RPM) X
0.327ft/sec
1 RPM
= 9.818 feet/second or about 10 foot per second.
Max speed = 1800RPM
= (1800 RPM) X
0.327ft/sec
1 RPM
=589.05 feet/second or about 589 feet per second.
The display will now range from about 0010 to 0589 feet per
second, reducing the error by a factor of 10. By placing DIP
switch DP4 to ON, the display will read 001.0 to 058.9.
The error due to rounding could be decreased by further
increasing the DDN by a factor of 10 again and moving the
decimal point (01.00 to 58.90). See Figure 13 for a diagram
of the switch settings for this example.
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Application Examples
Figure 13. Mode 1 Example Two Switch Settings
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Application Examples
Mode 2 (totalizer mode)
Application
A VT8 is set for the totalizer mode with a PK21-30 (30 lines
per revolution) encoder. The application speed is 500 RPM.
Calculate the output frequency of the PK21-30 and the length
of time that the display will count before rolling over.
Solution
Calculate the output frequency as follows:
f=
(rev.)
(min.) X
f=
(500)
(min.) X
(pulses.)
X
(rev.)
(30)
(rev.)
(1 min.)
(60 sec)
(1 min.)
X (60 sec) = 250 Hz
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Application Examples
The accumulated count is given by the following formula:
count = (rate)(time) = (f)(time)
=
(RPM)(PPR)
(time)
60
Solving this equation for time yields the following equation:
time =
(count)
=
(f)
(10,000)
(250)
= 40 seconds
See Figure 14 for diagrams of the switch settings for this
example. There is no time base for mode 2.
Figure 14. Mode 2 Totalizer Mode Example DIP Switch Settings
31
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Application Examples
Mode 3 (time in process mode)
Application
A motor, and a variable speed drive are powering a conveyor
belt carrying components. A 60 tooth magnetic pick up,
mounted to the motor shaft, sends a signal to the VT8. It takes
50 seconds for a component to travel the length of the belt
when the motor speed is 1000 RPM. Calculate the required
time base to display the time necessary in seconds for the
components to travel the length of the belt.
Solution
It is known that time in process (DDN) is 50 seconds when
the motor speed is 1000 RPM. From the equation on page 20
we have:
60
250,000
60
250,000
t = (DDN)(RPM) X (PPR) = (50)(1000) X (60) = 5 sec
See Figure 15 for diagrams of the switch settings for this
example.
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Application Examples
Figure 15. Mode 3 Example DIP Switch Settings
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Application Examples
Mode 4 (time in process mode (min:sec or hour:min
format))
Application
A motor and a variable speed drive are powering a process
conveyor. A 60-tooth magnetic pickup is mounted on the back
of the motor and sends a signal to the VT8. The VT8 will
display the time taken in minutes and seconds for the process
to complete. Assume that it takes 3 minutes and 15 seconds to
complete the process when the motor speed is 1000 RPM.
Calculate the required time base for this application.
Solution
Using the equation on page 20 we have:
60
250,000
t = (60X+Y)(RPM) X (PPR)
60
250,000
t = [(60)(3)+15)](1000) X (PPR) = 1.28 seconds
See Figure 16 for a diagram of the switch settings for this
example.
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Application Examples
Figure 16. Mode 4 Example DIP Switch Settings
35
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Notes
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Unconditional Warranty
A. Warranty
Minarik Corporation (referred to as “the Corporation”) warrants that its products will be free from
defects in workmanship and material for twelve (12) months from date of manufacture thereof.
Within this warranty period, the Corporation will repair or replace such products that are
returned to Minarik Corporation, 901 East Thompson Avenue, Glendale, CA 91201-2011 USA.
This warranty shall not apply to any product that has been repaired by unauthorized persons.
The Corporation is not responsible for removal, installation, or any other incidental expenses
incurred in shipping the product to and from the repair point.
B. Disclaimer
The provisions of Paragraph A are the Corporation’s sole obligation and exclude all other
warranties of merchantability for use, express or implied. The Corporation further disclaims any
responsibility whatsoever to the customer or to any other person for injury to the person or
damage or loss of property of value caused by any product that has been subject to misuse,
negligence, or accident, or misapplied or modified by unauthorized persons or improperly
installed.
C. Limitations of Liability
In the event of any claim for breach of any of the Corporation’s obligations, whether express or
implied, and particularly of any other claim or breech of warranty contained in Paragraph A, or
of any other warranties, express or implied, or claim of liability that might, despite Paragraph B,
be decided against the Corporation by lawful authority, the Corporation shall under no
circumstances be liable for any consequential damages, losses, or expense arising in
connection with the use of, or inability to use, the Corporation’s product for any purpose
whatsoever.
An adjustment made under warranty does not void the warranty, nor does it imply an extension
of the original 12-month warranty period. Products serviced and/or parts replaced on a nocharge basis during the warranty period carry the unexpired portion of the original warranty only.
If for any reason any of the foregoing provisions shall be ineffective, the Corporation’s liability
for damages arising out of its manufacture or sale of equipment, or use thereof, whether such
liability is based on warranty, contract, negligence, strict liability in tort, or otherwise, shall not in
any event exceed the full purchase price of such equipment.
Any action against the Corporation based upon any liability or obligation arising hereunder or
under any law applicable to the sale of equipment or the use thereof, must be commenced
within one year after the cause of such action arises.
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901 East Thompson Avenue
Glendale, California 91201-2011
Tel.: 1-800-MINARIK (646-2745)
Fax: 1-800-394-6334
www.minarikcorp.com
Document number 250–0293, Revision 0
Printed in the U.S.A – 2/00
North America $10.00, Outside North America $11.00
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