BioTek Synergy HT Operator`s Manual
Multi-Mode Microplate Reader
Synergy™ HT
Operator’s Manual
Synergy™ HT
Multi-Mode Microplate Reader
Operator’s Guide
November 2008
© 2008
Part Number 7091000
Revision I
BioTek® Instruments, Inc.
ii | Preface
Notices
BioTek® Instruments, Inc.
Highland Park, P.O. Box 998
Winooski, Vermont 05404-0998 USA
All Rights Reserved
© 2008, BioTek® Instruments, Incorporated. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, transcribed, or transmitted in any form, or by any means electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying and recording, for any purpose other than the
purchaser’s use without written permission of BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Trademarks
BioTek® is a registered trademark, and Synergy™ HT, Gen5™, KC4™, and BioStack™
are trademarks of BioTek Instruments, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of
their respective holders.
Restrictions and Liabilities
Information in this document is subject to change and does not represent a
commitment by BioTek Instruments, Inc. Changes made to the information in this
document will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. No responsibility is
assumed by BioTek for the use or reliability of software or equipment that is not
supplied by BioTek or its affiliated dealers.
BioTek Instruments
Contents | iii
Contents
Notices ...........................................................................................ii
Contact Information ....................................................................... vii
Revision History ............................................................................ viii
Document Conventions .................................................................. viii
Intended Use Statement ................................................................ xiii
Quality Control ............................................................................. xiii
Warranty & Product Registration...................................................... xiii
Warnings ..................................................................................... xiv
Hazards and Precautions ................................................................ xiv
Directives..................................................................................... xvi
Electromagnetic Interference and Susceptibility ................................ xvii
User Safety ................................................................................. xvii
Safety Symbols............................................................................xviii
Chapter 1: Introduction.......................................................................1
Synergy™ HT Multi-Mode Microplate Reader........................................ 2
Features ........................................................................................ 3
Package Contents............................................................................ 4
Optional Accessories ........................................................................ 5
Product Support & Service ................................................................ 6
Technical Assistance Center (TAC) ................................................ 6
Returning Instruments for Service/Repair ...................................... 6
Contacting BioTek for Applications Support .................................... 6
Chapter 2: Installation ........................................................................7
1: Unpack and Inspect the Reader .................................................... 8
2: Remove the Shipping Panel ........................................................10
3: Remove the Microplate Carrier Shipping Screw ..............................12
4: Install the Fluorescence Lamp Assembly .......................................13
5: Select an Appropriate Location ....................................................14
6: Connect the Power Supply ..........................................................15
7: Unpack and Inspect the Dispense Module .....................................16
8: Install the Dispense Module ........................................................19
9: Connect the Host Computer ........................................................23
10: Install Software on the Host Computer .......................................24
11: Turn on the Reader ..................................................................24
12: Establish Communication ..........................................................25
Using Gen5 ..............................................................................26
Using KC4 ................................................................................26
13: Run a System Test ..................................................................27
14: Test the Injector System ..........................................................28
Register with BioTek .......................................................................30
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
iv | Preface
Operational/Performance Qualification...............................................30
Repackaging and Shipping Instructions .............................................31
Chapter 3: Getting Started ................................................................35
Key Components ............................................................................36
Power Switch, Carrier Eject Button, Microplate Carrier ....................36
Lamp Assembly and Filter Wheel Access .......................................37
Excitation and Emission Filter Wheels ...........................................38
Installing the Time-Resolved Fluorescence Cartridge ......................41
Configuring the System for Luminescence Measurements ................42
The External Dispense Module.....................................................43
Gen5 Software...............................................................................46
Viewing/Updating the Filter and Wavelengths Tables ......................46
Creating Protocols and Experiments .............................................47
Controlling the Dispense Module ..................................................50
KC4 Software ................................................................................52
Viewing/Updating the Filter and Wavelengths Tables ......................52
Creating Protocols .....................................................................53
Reading Plates ..........................................................................55
Controlling the Dispense Module ..................................................56
Recommendations for Achieving Optimum Performance .......................59
Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification..................................................61
Overview ......................................................................................62
IQ/OQ/PQ .....................................................................................62
Recommended Qualification Schedule ...............................................64
System Test ..................................................................................65
Description...............................................................................65
Procedure ................................................................................66
Absorbance Plate Test.....................................................................70
Description...............................................................................70
Test Plate Certificates ................................................................71
Setup: Gen5.............................................................................72
Procedure: Gen5 .......................................................................73
Setup: KC4 ..............................................................................74
Procedure: KC4.........................................................................74
Results & Troubleshooting Tips....................................................78
Absorbance Liquid Tests ..................................................................80
Stock Solution Formulation ..............................................................81
Liquid Test 1.............................................................................82
Liquid Test 2.............................................................................83
Liquid Test 3.............................................................................86
Fluorescence Tests .........................................................................89
Required Materials.....................................................................90
Test Solutions...........................................................................91
BioTek Instruments
Contents | v
Procedure ................................................................................92
Results Analysis ........................................................................92
Troubleshooting ........................................................................93
Pipette Map ..............................................................................94
Gen5 Protocol Reading Parameters ..............................................95
KC4 Protocol Reading Parameters ................................................96
Fluorescence Tests Using Methylumbelliferone ...............................98
Dispense Module Tests.................................................................. 102
Required Materials................................................................... 103
Test Solution Recipes............................................................... 104
Test Setup: Gen5 .................................................................... 105
Test Setup: KC4...................................................................... 105
Test Procedure: Gen5 .............................................................. 106
Test Procedure: KC4 ................................................................ 108
Results Analysis ...................................................................... 109
Creating Test Protocols Using Gen5............................................ 110
Creating Test Protocols Using KC4 ............................................. 115
Dispense Accuracy & Precision Test Worksheet ................................. 121
Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance.................................................123
Recommended Maintenance Schedule ............................................. 124
Overview ............................................................................... 124
Dispense Module ..................................................................... 124
Schedule................................................................................ 126
Warnings & Precautions ................................................................ 126
Cleaning Exposed Surfaces ............................................................ 127
Inspecting/Cleaning Excitation and Emission Filters ........................... 128
Flushing/Purging the Fluid Path ...................................................... 129
Running a Dispense Protocol (Optional) ........................................... 130
Emptying/Cleaning the Tip Priming Trough....................................... 132
Cleaning the Priming Plate............................................................. 132
Cleaning the Internal Components .................................................. 133
Required Materials................................................................... 134
Removing the Reader’s Shroud.................................................. 135
Removing the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads ......................... 137
Cleaning the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads ........................... 140
Cleaning the Optical Probes ...................................................... 141
Cleaning the Reader’s Internal Surface ....................................... 149
Reassembling the Components.................................................. 150
Performance Check.................................................................. 151
Appendix A: Decontamination .........................................................153
Purpose ...................................................................................... 154
Required Materials........................................................................ 155
Procedure for Models without Injectors ............................................ 156
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
vi | Preface
Routine Procedure for Models with Injectors ..................................... 157
Clean Exposed Surfaces ........................................................... 157
Decontaminate the Fluid Lines................................................... 158
Rinse the Fluid Lines ................................................................ 159
Clean the Internal Tubing and Injector Heads .............................. 159
Clean the Tip Prime Trough and Priming Plate ............................. 160
Alternate Procedure for Models with Injectors................................... 161
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
B: Computer Control ........................................................163
C: Error Codes..................................................................165
D: Specifications ..............................................................207
E: Instrument Dimensions for Robotic Interface..............215
BioTek Instruments
Contact Information | vii
Contact Information
™ For more detailed information on contacting BioTek for product support
and service, turn to page 6.
BioTek® Instruments, Inc.
Highland Park, P.O. Box 998
Winooski, Vermont 05404-0998 USA
Customer Service and Sales
Internet:
www.biotek.com
Phone:
888-451-5171 (toll free in the U.S.)
802-655-4740 (outside the U.S.)
Fax:
802-655-7941
E-Mail:
[email protected]
Service/TAC
Phone:
800-242-4685 (toll free in the U.S.)
802-655-4740 (outside the U.S.)
Fax:
802-654-0638
E-Mail:
[email protected]
European Coordination Center/
Authorized European Representative
BioTek® Instruments GmbH
Kocherwaldstrasse 34
D-74177 Bad Friedrichshall
Germany
Internet:
www.biotek.de
Phone:
+49 (0) 7136 9680
Fax:
+49 (0) 7136 968 111
E-Mail:
[email protected]
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
viii | Preface
Revision History
Rev
Date
Changes
A
04/2002
First issue
B
08/2002
Added Time-Resolved Mode
C
08/2003
Added Dual Fluid Dispense Feature
Ch. 1, Introduction: Updated specifications, accessories, and technical
support.
Ch. 2, Instrument Description: Updated component descriptions and
added drawings.
Ch. 3, Installation: Revised Dispenser Module setup instructions and
KC4 launch procedure. Revised unpacking/repackaging instructions.
Added new Chapter 4, “Getting Started With KC4.”
Ch. 5, Performance Verification/Qualification Tests (formerly Chapter 4):
Revised test procedures.
Reformatted Appx A, Decontamination, and Appendix B, Computer
Control.
Updated Appx C, Error Codes.
Renamed Appx D, Microplate Location Dimensions to “Instrument
Dimensions.”
D
12/2003
Preface: Updated safety symbols and text (p. ix and x). Updated
Intended Use Statement (p. xi). Revised Warranty (p. xii).
Chapter 1: Modified Introduction (p. 1-3). Updated list of optional
accessories (p. 1-4). Revised absorbance reading speed information (p.
1-5). Clarified fluorescence specifications (p. 1-8 and 1-9). Added
specifications for injector model (p. 1-10).
Chapter 2: Clarified description of external and internal components of
the injector model and updated drawings. Moved procedure for replacing
the lamp assembly to Ch. 6.
Chapter 5: Added note regarding the availability of the InstallationOperational-Performance (IQ-OQ-PQ) package (PN 7090521) (p. 5-2).
Updated liquid test procedures.
Added new Chapter 6, Maintenance and Troubleshooting, which
includes: Sample reproducible page from maintenance logbook;
Procedures for maintenance and routine cleaning; Instructions for
changing injector positions.
Updated decontamination procedure (Appendix A).
Modified Appendix B, Computer Control.
Corrected Appendix C, Error Codes.
Changed “Dispenser Module” to “Dispense Module” throughout.
E
02/2004
Chapter 1, Introduction: Removed reference to “NB” version (p. 1-3).
Added specifications to reflect the use of an additional PMT type
(R4220PHA) to Hardware Features (p. 1-3). Moved filter plug (7082073)
from Optional Accessories list to Package Contents (p. 1-4). Added
required specifications for microplates used in “Luminescence” mode
BioTek Instruments
Revision History | ix
Rev
Date
(E)
Changes
(p. 1-5). Added “6- to 96-well plates” and “fluorescence and
luminescence read modes” to Injector Model features (p. 1 10).
Removed “option” from reference to Incubation specifications (p. 1-11).
Chapter 3, Installation: Removed references to “NB” version from
description of reader model options (Setting Communication Parameters
in KC4, p. 3-12).
Chapter 5, Performance Verification/Qualification Tests: Updated Figure
5-1, Sample System Test (p. 5-6 and 5-7).
Updated Appendix C, Error Codes.
F
07/2004
General: Edited and reformatted text according to new template. Added
photographs for clarification as needed.
Chapter 1: Updated Optional Accessories list.
Chapter 2: Updated text and graphics to describe/illustrate: Removal of
the front injector. Redesign of the priming plate, to limit splatter.
Improved system design to reduce need for periodic maintenance.
Elimination of the right-front tip priming trough, and redesign of the
left-rear trough. Improved bottle holder setup.
Chapter 3: Updated diagram showing removal of Dispense Module from
inner shipping box. Updated procedure for setting up Dispense Module
on the Injector Model.
Chapter 4: Removed instructions for setting injector position.
Chapter 6: Added preventive maintenance procedure for periodic
cleaning of the top/bottom fluorescence optical probes and the
absorbance read channel optical path.
Appendix A: Updated drawing of tip priming trough and priming plate.
G
8/2005
Updated Warranty information.
Moved “Specifications” from Chapter 1 to Appendix D. Corrected
operating temperature (18-40°C) and injector accuracy (±1 µl at 5-50
µl) to match published specifications.
Removed Chapter 2, “Instrument Description” and distributed the
information and photos among the remaining chapters.
Reorganized the flow of the “Installation” chapter to better represent
actual practice. Added test to verify the injector system setup.
Changed the former “Getting Started with KC4” chapter to a broader
“Getting Started” chapter that includes information on the key
instrument components. Added new topic for configuring the system for
luminescence reads.
Renamed the “Performance Verification/Qualification Tests” chapter to
“Instrument Qualification.” Replaced former Dispense Precision &
Accuracy Tests with new tests that use a single green dye solution and a
single microplate.
Restructured the “Preventive Maintenance” chapter to better represent
actual practice. Added a recommended maintenance table for models
without injectors. Added new photos to help with identification of the
various components.
Updated the “Error Codes” appendix with recent information.
Additional minor corrections and improvements throughout.
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
x | Preface
Rev
Date
Changes
H
5/06
Redesigned the front cover. Removed unnecessary Warranty
information; a Warranty card ships with every instrument. Added
warning to shut down instrument and wait for the fluorescence lamp to
cool down before replacing it. Added the PN for a replacement
fluorescence lamp (7080500).
For models with injectors: Simplified the installation and setup steps for
the Dispense Module. Added recommendation to set a tip prime volume
equal to the per-well dispense volume for volumes < 20 µl.
Updated Absorbance Plate Test instructions related to Peak Wavelength,
to support the modified 7-filter test plate.
Simplified the process for creating Titration Dyes for the Fluorescence
(SF) Sensitivity Test. Added information to the pass/fail criteria table for
the (SF) Sensitivity Test.
Clarified that for models without injectors, the reader’s internal chamber
and optical probes are not user-accessible for cleaning.
Updated the “Error Codes” appendix with recent information.
Additional minor cosmetic changes throughout.
Added/modified instructions throughout to support Gen5™, including:
Chapter 2, Installation - Added instructions for installing software,
establishing communication with the reader, installing/testing dispense
module components.
Chapter 3, Getting Started - Added introductory information for new
Gen5 users.
Chapter 4, Instrument Qualification - Added instructions for performing
the System Test, Absorbance Plate Test, and Dispense Accuracy &
Precision Test.
Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance - Added instructions for creating the
optional Dispense protocol in Gen5.
I
11/2008
Throughout: Changed product description from “Multi-Detection” to
“Multi-Mode”. Changed “Bio-Stack” to “BioStack.”
Preface: Corrected Service/TAC fax number. Updated the Intended Use
section with respect to IVD labeling. Added cautions for Electromagnetic
Environment and Compatibility. Updated Directives. Added ‘Pinch
hazard’ to Hazards and Precautions. Added ‘Consult Instructions for use’
and ‘IVD’ to Safety Symbols.
Chapter 1, Introduction: In the product introduction section, added note
that Synergy HT basecode software version 2.24 or greater is required
for use with Gen5™. Under ‘Package Contents’ added notice that part
numbers are subject to change over time, and updated part numbers for
the priming plate and tip priming trough.
Chapter 2, Installation: Added section “Product Registration.”
Chapter 4, Instrument Qualification: Modified sample System Test
Report and Absorbance Test Plate Results to reflect more current date
and minimum basecode for Synergy HT to work with Gen5. Absorbance
Liquid Tests section: Liquid Test 3, removed instructions for creating the
rarely used Buffer Solution A. Fluorescence Liquid Tests section: Added
option to use Sodium Borate instead of PBS with sodium fluorescein.
BioTek Instruments
Revision History | xi
Rev
(I)
Date
Changes
Reconfigured the SF test solutions, dilutions, and pipette maps for
efficiency and consistency with other BioTek products. Added option to
use Methylumbelliferone to test the top optics. Dispense Module Tests
section: Corrected the formula for Accuracy % Error.
Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance: Removed unnecessary “Clean
Supply Bottle” section. Modified the Running a Dispense Protocol
procedure to include running the experiment and inspecting the plate.
Added a missing word to the Cleaning the Optical Probes section.
Appendix C, Error Codes: Corrected the range of error codes under
Home Sensor Initial Find Errors. Removed some text from the Status
String Format section that was misleading.
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
xii | Preface
Document Conventions
This icon calls attention to important safety notes.
Warning!
A Warning indicates the potential for bodily harm and
tells you how to avoid the problem.
Caution
A Caution indicates potential damage to the instrument
and tells you how to avoid the problem.
Note:
Bold text is primarily used for emphasis.
italic
Topics that apply only to specific Synergy HT models are
preceded by a notice in italics, for example: Applies only to
Synergy™ HT models with injectors.
L
This icon calls attention to important information.
BioTek Instruments
Intended Use Statement | xiii
Intended Use Statement
The Synergy™ HT is a single-channel absorbance, fluorescence, and luminescence microplate reader that uses a dual-optics design to perform measurements of samples in a
microplate format. The performance characteristics of the data reduction software have not
been established with any laboratory diagnostic assay. The user must evaluate this
instrument and PC-based software in conjunction with the specific assay. This evaluation
must include the confirmation that performance characteristics for the specific assay are
met.
•
This system is designed for use with PC-based software only. BioTek’s software
packages, Gen5™ and KC4™, provide the user with instrument control.
•
The Synergy HT can operate with standard robotic systems, such as BioTek’s
BioStack™ Microplate Stacker.
•
The intended use of this instrument is dependent on the instrument’s labeling. If
there is an IVD label, then the instrument may be used for clinical, research and
development, or other non-clinical purposes. If there is no such label, then the
instrument may only be used for research and development, or for other nonclinical purposes.
Quality Control
It is considered good laboratory practice to run laboratory samples according to
instructions and specific recommendations included in the assay package insert for
the test to be conducted. Failure to conduct Quality Control checks could result in
erroneous test data.
Warranty & Product Registration
Please take a moment to review the Warranty information that shipped with your
product. Please also register your product with BioTek to ensure that you receive
important information and updates about the product(s) you have purchased.
You can register online through the Customer Care Center at www.biotek.com or by
calling 888/451-5171 or 802/655-4740.
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
xiv | Preface
Warnings
Operate the instrument on a flat surface away from excessive humidity.
Bright sunlight or strong incandescent light can reduce the linear performance range
of the instrument.
Measurement values may be affected by extraneous particles (such as dust) in the
microplate wells. A clean work area is necessary to ensure accurate readings.
When operated in a safe environment according to the instructions in this document,
there are no known hazards associated with the instrument. However, the operator
should be aware of certain situations that could result in serious injury; these may
vary depending on the instrument model. See Hazards and Precautions.
Hazards and Precautions
Hazards
Warning! Power Rating. The instrument’s power supply or power cord must be
connected to a power receptacle that provides voltage and current within the specified
rating for the system. Use of an incompatible power receptacle may produce electrical
shock and fire hazards.
Warning! Electrical Grounding. Never use a two-prong plug adapter to connect
primary power to the external power supply. Use of a two-prong adapter disconnects
the utility ground, creating a severe shock hazard. Always connect the power cord
directly to a three-prong receptacle with a functional ground.
Warning! Internal Voltage. Always turn off the power switch and unplug the
power supply before cleaning the outer surface of the instrument.
Warning! Liquids. Avoid spilling liquids on the instrument; fluid seepage into
internal components creates a potential shock hazard. Wipe up all spills immediately.
Do not operate the instrument if internal components have been exposed to fluid.
Warning! Potential Biohazards. Some assays or specimens may pose a biohazard.
Adequate safety precautions should be taken as outlined in the assay’s package insert.
Always wear safety glasses and appropriate protective equipment, such as chemically
resistant rubber gloves and apron.
Warning! Hot Surface. The fluorescence lamp assembly is hot when the instrument
is turned on. Turn off the reader and allow the lamp to cool down before attempting
to replace it.
Warning! Unspecified Use. Failure to operate this equipment according to the
guidelines and safeguards specified in this manual could result in a hazardous
condition.
BioTek Instruments
Hazards and Precautions | xv
Warning! Software Quality Control. The operator must follow the manufacturer’s
assay package insert when modifying software parameters and establishing reading
methods. Failure to conduct quality control checks could result in erroneous
test data.
Warning! Pinch Hazard. Some areas of the Dispense Module can present pinch
hazards when the instrument is operating. These areas are marked with the symbol
shown here. Keep hands/fingers clear of these areas when the instrument is
operating.
Precautions
The following precautions are provided to help avoid damage to the instrument:
Caution: Service. The Synergy™ HT should be serviced by BioTek authorized
service personnel. Only qualified technical personnel should perform troubleshooting
and service procedures on internal components.
Caution: Environmental Conditions. Do not expose the system to temperature
extremes. For proper operation, ambient temperatures should remain between
18°-40°C. Performance may be adversely affected if temperatures fluctuate above or
below this range. Storage temperature limits are broader.
Caution: Sodium Hypochlorite. Do not expose any part of the instrument to the
recommended diluted sodium hypochlorite solution (bleach) for more than 20
minutes. Prolonged contact may damage the instrument surfaces. Be certain to rinse
and thoroughly wipe all surfaces.
Caution: Power Supply. Only use the power supply shipped with the instrument.
Operate this power supply within the range of line voltages listed on it.
Caution: Shipping Panel and Carrier Shipping Screw. The shipping panel and
carrier shipping screw must be removed before operating the reader. They must be
reinstalled before repackaging the reader for shipment. See Chapter 2, Installation.
Caution: Disposal. This instrument contains printed circuit boards and wiring with
lead solder. Dispose of the instrument according to Directive 2002/96/EC, “on waste
electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).”
Caution: Electromagnetic Environment. Per IEC 61326-2-6 it is the user’s
responsibility to ensure that a compatible electromagnetic environment for this
instrument is provided and maintained in order that the device will perform as
intended.
Caution: Electromagnetic Compatibility. Do not use this device in close
proximity to sources of strong electromagnetic radiation (e.g. unshielded intentional
RF sources), as these may interfere with the proper operation.
Caution: Warranty. Failure to follow preventive maintenance protocols may void
the warranty. See Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance.
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
xvi | Preface
Based on the testing described below and information contained
herein, this instrument bears the CE mark
Directive 2004/108/EC: Electromagnetic Compatibility
Emissions - Class A
The system has been type tested by an independent, accredited testing laboratory
and found to meet the requirements of EN 61326-1 for Radiated Emissions and
Line Conducted Emissions. Verification of compliance was conducted to the limits
and methods of the following: CISPR 16-1, CISPR 16-2, and EN 55022.
This equipment has been designed and tested to CISPR 11 Class A. In a domestic
environment it may cause radio interference, in which case, you may need to
mitigate the interference.
Immunity
The system has been type tested by an independent, accredited testing laboratory
and found to meet the requirements of EN 61326-1 for Immunity. Verification of
compliance was conducted to the limits and methods of the following:
EN 61000-4-2 Electrostatic Discharge
EN 61000-4-3 Radiated EM Fields
EN 61000-4-4 Electrical Fast Transient/Burst
EN 61000-4-5 Surge Immunity
EN 61000-4-6 Conducted Disturbances
EN 61000-4-11 Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions and Variations
Directive 73/23/EEC Low Voltage (Safety)
The system has been type tested by an independent testing laboratory and was found
to meet the requirements of EC Directive 73/23/EEC for Low Voltage. Verification of
compliance was conducted to the limits and methods of the following:
EN 61010-1. “Safety requirement for electrical equipment for measurement, control
and laboratory use. Part 1, General requirements.”
Directive 2002/96/EC: Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Disposal Notice. This instrument contains printed circuit boards and wiring with
lead solder. Dispose of the instrument according to Directive 2002/96/EC, “on waste
electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)” or local ordinances.
Directive 98/79/EC: In Vitro Diagnostics (if labeled for this use)
•
Product registration with competent authorities
•
Traceability to the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST):
Optical density measurementsare traceable to NIST.
BioTek Instruments
Electromagnetic Interference and Susceptibility | xvii
Electromagnetic Interference and Susceptibility
USA FCC CLASS A
Warning: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the
manufacturer could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. Like all
similar equipment, this equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Canadian Department of Communications Class A
This digital apparatus does not exceed Class A limits for radio emissions from
digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n'met pas du bruits radioelectriques depassant les
limites applicables aux appareils numerique de la Class A prescrites dans le
Reglement sur le brouillage radioelectrique edicte par le ministere des
Communications du Canada.
User Safety
This device has been type tested by an independent laboratory and found to meet the
requirements of the following:
•
Underwriters Laboratories UL 61010A-1, 1st edition, 2002
“Electrical Equipment for Laboratory Use; Part 1: General Requirements”
•
Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1-1992
“Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and
laboratory use; part 1: general requirements”
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
xviii | Preface
Safety Symbols
Some of the following symbols may appear on the instrument.
Alternating current
Courant alternatif
Wechselstrom
Corriente alterna
Corrente alternata
Direct current
Courant continu
Gleichstrom
Corriente continua
Corrente continua
Both direct and alternating current
Courant continu et courant alternatif
Gleich - und Wechselstrom
Corriente continua y corriente alterna
Corrente continua e corrente alternata
Earth ground terminal
Borne de terre
Erde (Betriebserde)
Borne de tierra
Terra (di funzionamento)
Protective conductor terminal
Borne de terre de protection
Schutzleiteranschluss
Borne de tierra de protección
Terra di protezione
On (Supply)
Marche (alimentation)
Ein (Verbindung mit dem Netz)
Conectado
Chiuso
Off (Supply)
Arrêt (alimentation)
Aus (Trennung vom Netz)
Desconectado
Aperto (sconnessione dalla rete di alimentazione)
BioTek Instruments
Safety Symbols | xix
Caution (refer to accompanying documents)
Attention (voir documents d’accompanement)
Achtung siehe Begleitpapiere
Atención (vease los documentos incluidos)
Attenzione, consultare la doc annessa
Warning, risk of electric shock
Attention, risque de choc électrique
Gefährliche elektrische schlag
Precaución, riesgo de sacudida eléctrica
Attenzione, rischio di scossa elettrica
Warning, risk of crushing or pinching
Attention, risque d’écrasement et pincement
Warnen, Gefahr des Zerquetschens und Klemmen
Precaución, riesgo del machacamiento y sejeción
Attenzione, rischio di schiacciare ed intrappolarsi
Warning, hot surface
Attention, surface chaude
Vorsicht, heiße Oberfläche
Precaución, superficie caliente
Attenzione, superficie calda
Separate collection for electrical and electronic equipment
Les équipements électriques et électroniques font l’objet d’une
collecte sélective
Getrennte Sammlung von Elektro- und Elektronikgeräten
Recogida selectiva de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos
Raccolta separata delle apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche
Consult instructions for use
Consulter la notice d’emploi
Gebrauchsanweisung beachten
Consultar las instrucciones de uso
Consultare le istruzioni per uso
In vitro diagnostic medical device
Dispositif médical de diagnostic in vitro
Medizinisches In-Vitro-Diagnostikum
Dispositivo médico de diagnóstico in vitro
Dispositivo medico diagnostico in vitro
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
xx | Preface
BioTek Instruments
Chapter 1
Introduction
This chapter introduces the Synergy™ HT, describes its key
features, and lists its package contents. Page 6 contains
information on contacting BioTek® Instruments, Inc. for product
support and service.
Synergy™ HT Multi-Mode Microplate Reader............................... 2
Features ............................................................................... 3
Package Contents................................................................... 4
Optional Accessories ............................................................... 5
Product Support & Service ....................................................... 6
Technical Assistance Center (TAC)........................................ 6
Returning Instruments for Service/Repair.............................. 6
Contacting BioTek for Applications Support............................ 6
2 | Chapter 1: Introduction
Synergy™ HT Multi-Mode Microplate Reader
The Synergy HT is a single-channel absorbance, fluorescence, and luminescence
microplate reader. It is computer-controlled using BioTek’s Gen5™ or KC4™ PC software
for all operations including data reduction and analysis. Note: Synergy HT basecode
software version 2.24 or greater is required for use with Gen5. The Synergy HT is robot
accessible and compatible with BioTek’s BioStack™ Microplate Stacker.
When making fluorescence determinations, the Synergy HT uses a tungsten quartz
halogen lamp with interference filters for wavelength specificity in conjunction with a
photomultiplier (PMT) tube detector. The Synergy HT has both top and bottom probes for
fluorescence measurements. The top probe can be adjusted vertically for the correct
reading height, via Gen5’s/KC4’s Top Probe Vertical Offset reading parameter (see
Chapter 3, Getting Started).
Luminescence is measured by the low-noise PMT detector through an empty filter
position in the Emission filter wheel. A filter can also be left in place if light filtering is
necessary.
Absorbance measurements are made by switching to a xenon flash lamp and a
monochromator for wavelength selection. The use of a xenon flash lamp allows for both
UV and visible light absorbance measurements. The monochromator provides wavelength
selection from 200 to 999 nm in 1-nm increments.
The Synergy HT has a 4-Zone™ temperature control from 4°C over ambient to 50°C
that ensures superior temperature uniformity necessary for kinetic assays. Internal plate
shaking is also supported.
All Synergy HT models support the reading of 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, 96-, and 384-well
microplates with standard 128 x 86 mm geometry. Absorbance mode reads plates
up to 0.8” (20.3 mm) in height; fluorescence mode reads plates up to 1.25” (31.75 mm).
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tubes up to 1.25” (31.75 mm) are also readable with the
use of existing adapter plates.
The Time-Resolved (TR) option allows time-resolved fluorescence measurements by
using the xenon flash light source in conjunction with the PMT measurement detector. A
special cartridge installed in the Excitation filter wheel location is required.
Models with injectors support dual-reagent dispensing to 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, and 96-well
microplates with standard 128 x 86 mm geometry. An external dispense module
pumps fluid from the supply bottles to the two injectors located inside the instrument.
Both injectors are positioned directly above the bottom probe, and fluid is injected into one
well at a time.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Features | 3
Features
•
Operated using BioTek’s Gen5™ or KC4™ Data Analysis Software
•
Dual-optics design, with separate fluorescence and absorbance channels
•
3 mm top and 5 mm bottom fluorescence probes (standard configuration)
•
Optional 1.5 mm top/bottom, 3 mm bottom fluorescence probes (custom
configurations)
•
Optional Time-Resolved Fluorescence (TRF) capability (“T” models, e.g., SIAFRT)
•
Fluorescence N ranges:
Standard low-noise PMT
¾ Excitation: 300 to 650 nm (200 to 700 nm with “T” models)
¾ Emission: 300 to 700 nm
Optional red-extended PMT
¾ Excitation: 300 to 650 nm (200 to 800 nm with “T” models)
¾ Emission: 300 to 800 nm
•
Absorbance N range of 200 to 999 nm
•
Absorbance OD range from 0.000 to 4.000 OD
•
Low, Medium, High and Variable plate-shaking speeds with adjustable durations
•
All models read 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, 96- and 384-well microplates
•
Injector models dispense to 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, and 96-well microplates
•
Operates from 100 to 240 V~ (± 10%) @ 50 to 60 Hz
•
One serial COM port (9-pin female connector)
•
One USB port
•
4-Zone™ incubation to 50ºC
•
Optional dual-reagent dispensing capability
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
4 | Chapter 1: Introduction
Package Contents
™ Part numbers are subject to change over time. Please contact BioTek
Customer Care with any questions.
•
Microplate reader with Excitation and Emission filter wheels installed
•
Operator’s Manual (PN 7091000)
•
Documents, including (but not limited to): Warranty Statement, Certificate of
Compliance and Calibration, Unpacking/Packing Instructions
•
Power supply (PN 76061, models with injectors or PN 76053, all other models)
•
Power cord set (specific to installation environment):
¾ PN 75010 (Schuko) (Europe)
¾ PN 75012 (UK)
¾ PN 75011 (USA/International)
¾ PN 75013 (Australia/New Zealand)
•
RS-232 serial cable (PN 75034)
•
USB cable (PN 75108) with Virtual COM Driver Software (PN 7090204)
•
Wrench (PN 48576)
•
Fluorescence lamp assembly (PN 7080501) Note: The part number for a replacement
lamp is 7080500.
•
Filter “plugs” (2) (PN 7082073) (also referred to as “dummy filters”)
•
Plastic storage bag and Velcro strips
•
Time-Resolved Fluorescence cartridge assembly (PN 7090523) (“T” models only)
•
Models with injectors (SIAFRTD, SIAFRTD-CUSTOM), an external dispense
module (PN 7090568), with the following accessories:
¾
Outlet tubes (2, plus 2 spare) from dispense module to instrument
(PN 7082120)
¾
Inlet tubes (2) from supply bottles to syringe drives (PN 7082121)
¾
250 µL syringes (2) (PN 7083000)
¾
Syringe thumbscrews (2) (PN 19511)
¾
Priming plate (PN 7132158) and injector tip priming trough (PN 7132169)
¾
Dispense module communication cable (PN 75107)
¾
Dispense module front cover (PN 7082137)
¾
Supply bottles (2, 30 mL, PN 7122609) and holder assemblies (2, PN 7090564)
¾
Injector tip cleaning stylus (PN 2872304)
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Optional Accessories | 5
Optional Accessories
™ Part numbers are subject to change over time. Please contact BioTek
Customer Care with any questions.
•
7-filter Absorbance Test Plate (PN 7260522) for absorbance measurement testing
•
Fluorescence Test Plate (PN 7092092) for fluorescence measurement testing
•
Product Qualification (IQ-OQ-PQ) package (PN 7090521)
•
PCR Tube Adapter Plates (PNs 6002072 and 6002076)
•
Terasaki Adapter Plate (PN 7330531)
•
BioCell™ Quartz Vessel (PN 7272051) and Adapter Plate (PN 7270512)
•
Additional Fluorescence Filters (contact BioTek for part numbers and availability)
•
Absorbance Liquid Test Solutions:
¾
BioTek Wetting Agent Solution (PN 7773002)
¾
BioTek QC Check Solution No. 1 (PN 7120779, 25 ml; or PN 7120782, 125 ml)
•
BioTek Sodium Fluorescein Powder (PN 98155)
•
(Models with injectors) Dispense Module Liquid Test Solutions:
¾
BioTek Green Test Dye Solution (PN 7773003)
¾
BioTek Blue Test Dye Solution (PN 7773001)
¾
BioTek QC (Yellow) Solution (PN 7120782)
™ The Synergy HT is compatible with BioTek’s BioStack Microplate
Stacker. The BioStack rapidly and systematically transfers microplates
(up to 30 per “stack”), to and from the Synergy HT’s microplate carrier.
Contact BioTek or visit our website to learn more.
Synergy HT Operator’s Manual
6 | Chapter 1: Introduction
Product Support & Service
Technical Assistance Center (TAC)
If your instrument(s) or software fails to function properly, if you have questions about
how to use or maintain our products, or if you need to send an instrument to BioTek
for service or repair, please contact our Technical Assistance Center. BioTek’s “TAC” is
open from 8:30 AM to 5:30 PM (EST), Monday through Friday, excluding standard U.S.
holidays. You can send a fax or an e-mail any time. You can also request technical
assistance via our website: www.biotek.com.
Phone: (800) 242-4685 or
Fax: (802) 654-0638
E-Mail: [email protected]
(802) 655-4740
Please be prepared to provide the following information:
•
Your name and company information, along with a daytime phone or fax
number, and/or an e-mail address
•
The product name, model, and serial number
•
The software part number (available at Help > About Gen5 or Help > About
KC4) and basecode version (available via Gen5™ or KC4™ for the Synergy™
HT by selecting System > Reader Control)
•
For troubleshooting assistance or instruments needing repair, the specific steps
that produce your problem and any error codes displayed in Gen5/KC4
(see also Appendix C, Error Codes)
Returning Instruments for Service/Repair
If you need to return an instrument to BioTek for service or repair, please contact the
TAC for a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number before shipping the
instrument. Repackage the instrument properly (see Chapter 2, Installation), write
the RMA number on the shipping box, and ship to this address:
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
ATTN: RMA# xxxxx
100 Tigan Street
Highland Park
Winooski, Vermont 05404 USA
Contacting BioTek for Applications Support
BioTek’s fully equipped Application Laboratory provides our on-staff scientists with
the means to assist you with the integration of our instrumentation and software with
your unique scientific applications. If you are having difficulty with optimizing
fluorescence sensitivity or integrating a unique data reduction transformation, or you
are just looking for a recommendation on an appropriate fluorophore, contact us.
Phone: (888) 451-5171
E-Mail: [email protected]
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Chapter 2
Installation
This chapter includes instructions for unpacking and setting up
the Synergy™ HT and, if applicable, the external dispense module.
Instructions are also included for repackaging the reader and
dispense module for shipment.
Product Registration ............................................................... 8
1: Unpack and Inspect the Reader ........................................... 9
2: Remove the Shipping Panel .............................................. 11
3: Remove the Microplate Carrier Shipping Screw .................... 13
4: Install the Fluorescence Lamp Assembly ............................. 14
5: Select an Appropriate Location .......................................... 15
6: Connect the Power Supply ................................................ 16
7: Unpack and Inspect the Dispense Module ........................... 17
8: Install the Dispense Module .............................................. 20
9: Connect the Host Computer .............................................. 24
10: Install the Software on the Host Computer ........................ 24
11: Turn on the Reader ........................................................ 25
12: Establish Communication ................................................ 26
13: Run a System Test......................................................... 28
14: Test the Injector System ................................................ 29
Operational/Performance Qualification..................................... 31
Repackaging and Shipping Instructions ................................... 32
8 | Chapter 2: Installation
Product Registration
If you have not already done so, please register your product(s) with BioTek to ensure that
you receive important information and updates about the product(s) you have purchased.
Register online through BioTek’s Customer Resource Center at www.biotek.com or
by contacting BioTek Customer Care.
Once registered, you can log into the Customer Resource Center and:
•
Register your product warranty
•
Manage your equipment inventory
•
Access documentation on your products
•
Download user manuals and software
•
Check the status of your instrument’s service
•
Track your order
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
1: Unpack and Inspect the Reader | 9
1: Unpack and Inspect the Reader
Important! Save all packaging materials. If you need to
ship the reader to BioTek for repair or replacement, you
must use the original materials. Using other forms of
commercially available packaging, or failing to follow the
repackaging instructions, may void your warranty.
During the unpacking process, inspect the packaging,
reader, and accessories for shipping damage. If the reader
is damaged, notify the carrier and your BioTek
representative. Keep the shipping boxes and the packaging
materials for the carrier’s inspection. BioTek will arrange
for repair or replacement of your reader immediately,
before the shipping-related claim is settled.
Perform these steps to unpack and inspect the reader and accessories:
1.
Open the outer shipping box. Remove the foam blocks to access the inner
shipping box.
Corner shipping block
Inner shipping box
Outer shipping box
Figure 1-A: Unpacking the reader’s outer shipping box
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
10 | Chapter 2: Installation
2.
Carefully open the inner shipping box. Remove the accessories box and set it
aside. Remove the vertical supports.
3.
The Synergy™ HT is attached to a wooden shipping panel that has two handles
for lifting. Locate and grasp the handles. Carefully lift the reader out of the box
and place it on a level surface. Remove the protective plastic bag.
4.
Place all packing material back into the shipping box for reuse if the reader
needs to be shipped again.
™ See Package Contents in Chapter 1 for assistance with identifying
the contents of the accessories box.
Accessories box
Vertical supports
Shipping panel
Inner shipping box
Figure 1-B: Unpacking the reader’s inner shipping box
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
2: Remove the Shipping Panel | 11
2: Remove the Shipping Panel
Perform these steps to remove the shipping panel from the bottom of the reader:
1.
Carefully tip the reader onto its back.
2.
Using a slotted screwdriver, remove the four screws and washers attaching the
shipping panel to the bottom of the reader. See Figure 2 on the next page.
3.
Carefully set the reader upright.
4.
Locate the supplied plastic tool storage pocket. Place the screws and washers
inside the bag. Use the supplied Velcro strips to attach the pocket to the back of
the reader for storage. Do not block any air vents. See Figure 3 on the next
page.
5.
Place the panel back into the inner shipping box for storage.
Important: Reattach the shipping panel before
repackaging the Synergy™ HT for shipment.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
12 | Chapter 2: Installation
Figure 2: Removing the shipping panel
Figure 3: Storage pocket on the rear of the instrument
(wrench, carrier shipping screw, and warning tag shown)
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
3: Remove the Microplate Carrier Shipping Screw | 13
3: Remove the Microplate Carrier Shipping Screw
Important: Remove the microplate carrier shipping
screw before turning on the Synergy™ HT.
Perform these steps to remove the carrier shipping screw:
1.
Pull down the microplate loading door on the front of the reader.
2.
Using the supplied wrench, remove the carrier shipping screw with its o-ring
and warning tag.
3.
Place the wrench, screw, o-ring, and tag in the plastic tool storage bag that you
attached to the back of the reader.
Shipping screw
(with o-ring)
Wrench
Shipping screw
warning tag
Figure 4: Removing the microplate carrier shipping screw
Important: Replace the microplate carrier shipping
screw before repackaging the Synergy HT for shipment.
Please contact BioTek if you have misplaced the screw (PN
7092071) and/or its o-ring (PN 49259).
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
14 | Chapter 2: Installation
4: Install the Fluorescence Lamp Assembly
Important: Do not touch the glass lenses! Fingerprints on
the condenser lens or heat absorber may negatively affect
performance.
Warning! The fluorescence lamp assembly is hot when the
instrument is powered on. If the instrument is on, turn it off and
allow the lamp to cool down before attempting to replace it.
Perform these steps to install the fluorescence lamp assembly:
1.
Locate the lamp assembly in the accessories box. The lamp is attached to a
metal bracket that also holds a condenser lens and a heat absorber. Two cables
are attached to the back of the lamp.
2.
Open the hinged door on the front of the reader by pressing on its lower left
and right corners. The lamp compartment is on the far left.
3.
Orient the lamp assembly as shown below. Slide the assembly all the way into
the compartment.
4.
Plug the lamp cables into the power source located to the right of the lamp.
Either cable can be plugged into either socket.
5.
Close the hinged door.
Figure 5: Installing the fluorescence lamp assembly (replacement lamp PN 7080500)
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
5: Select an Appropriate Location | 15
5: Select an Appropriate Location
Install the Synergy™ HT on a level surface in an area where ambient temperatures
between 18º and 40ºC can be maintained.
The reader is sensitive to extreme environmental conditions. Avoid the following:
•
Excessive humidity: Condensation directly on the sensitive electronic circuits
can cause the reader to fail internal self-checks. The specified relative humidity
range for this reader is from 10% to 85% (non-condensing).
•
Excessive ambient light: Bright sunlight or strong incandescent light may affect
the reader’s optics and readings, reducing its linear performance range.
•
Dust: Readings may be affected by extraneous particles (such as dust) in the
microplate wells. A clean work area is necessary to ensure accurate readings.
™ Note: If you will be installing BioTek’s BioStack™ Microplate
Stacker for operation with the Synergy HT, you may wish to seat the
BioStack and the reader in their aligning plates at this time. Refer to
the Installation chapter in the BioStack Operator’s Manual for more
information.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
16 | Chapter 2: Installation
6: Connect the Power Supply
Warning! Power Rating. The power supply must be
connected to a power receptacle that provides voltage and
current within the specified rating for the system. Use of an
incompatible power receptacle may produce electrical shock
and fire hazards.
Warning! Electrical Grounding. Never use a two-prong plug
adapter to connect primary power to the power supply. Use of a
two-prong adapter disconnects the utility ground, creating a
severe shock hazard. Always connect the power cord directly to
an appropriate receptacle with a functional ground.
Perform these steps to connect the power supply:
1.
Connect the power cord to the external power supply.
2.
Locate the power inlet on the rear of the reader.
3.
Plug the rounded end of the power supply’s line cord into the power inlet.
4.
Plug the power cord into an appropriate power receptacle.
Power inlet for injector
models (as shown):
24 VDC
130 W
Power inlet for noninjector models:
24 VDC
center positive
Figure 6: Power inlet on the rear of the instrument
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
7: Unpack and Inspect the Dispense Module | 17
7: Unpack and Inspect the Dispense Module
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
Important! Save all packaging materials. If you need to ship
the dispense module to BioTek for repair or replacement, you
must use the original materials. Using other forms of
commercially available packaging, or failing to follow the
repackaging instructions, may void your warranty.
During the unpacking process, inspect the packaging, module,
and accessories for shipping damage. If the reader is damaged,
notify the carrier and your BioTek representative. Keep the
shipping boxes and the packaging materials for the carrier’s
inspection. BioTek will arrange for repair or replacement of
your reader immediately, before the shipping-related claim is
settled.
Perform these steps to unpack and inspect the dispense module and accessories:
1.
Open the outer shipping box. Remove the foam cap, inner shipping box, and
accessories box.
Top foam end
cap
Inner shipping box
(Dispense module)
Accessories
box
Bottom foam
end cap
Outer
shipping box
Figure 7: Unpacking the dispense module’s outer shipping box
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
18 | Chapter 2: Installation
2.
Using no sharp tools, open the box containing the dispense module. Remove
the two reagent bottle holders and the cardboard shipping insert. Lift out the
module and place it on a level surface.
Cardboard insert
Shipping insert
Reagent bottle
holders (2)
Dispense
Dispense module
module
Inner
Inner shipping
boxbox
shipping
Figure 8: Unpacking the dispense module’s inner shipping box
3.
Open the accessories box. Remove and identify its contents (see Figure 9 on
the next page):
2 inlet tubes, packaged in plastic cylinders
4 outlet tubes, packaged in plastic bags (PN 7082120)
2 syringes, packaged in boxes
1 priming plate
2 reagent bottles
1 injector tip priming trough (small, plastic cup)
1 plastic tool storage bag with Velcro strips
2 metal thumbscrews
1 stylus (wire) packaged in a small plastic cylinder
1 dispense module cover
1 dispense module cable
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
7: Unpack and Inspect the Dispense Module | 19
Dispense module
cable
Top foam
end cap
Dispense
module cover
Inlet tubes (2)
Syringes (2)
Outlet tubes (4)
Bottom foam
end cap (with
cutouts)
Accessories
box
Figure 9: Unpacking the dispense module’s accessories
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
20 | Chapter 2: Installation
8: Install the Dispense Module
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
™ Refer to the figures on the next two pages for guidance while
performing these steps.
Perform these steps to install the dispense module:
1.
Place the dispense module to the left side or on top of the reader. See the
photos on the next page.
2.
On the rear panel of the Synergy HT, identify the SYRINGE 1 and SYRINGE 2
tubing ports. Remove the nylon screws from both ports.
3.
Open two of the plastic bags containing the outlet tubes (labeled as PN
7082120). Remove the clear plastic fitting covers from the tubes. Put the other
two bags in a safe place; they are spares.
4.
Place the nylon screws and the plastic fitting covers in the plastic tool storage
bag. Use the supplied Velcro strips to attach the bag to the rear panel of the
dispense module.
5.
Remove the two inlet tubes from their protective plastic canisters.
6.
Identify the two circular syringe valves on the dispense module. Each is
labeled with a left-pointing arrow. See Figure 12 on the next page.
™ When installing the inlet and outlet tubes, do not use any tools.
Finger-tighten only!
7.
Screw the fitting of one inlet tube into the right side of the Syringe 1 valve.
8.
Screw one end of one outlet tube into the left side of the Syringe 1 valve.
9.
Screw the other end of the outlet tube into the SYRINGE 1 port on the rear of
the Synergy HT.
10. Repeat steps 7 through 9 to attach the inlet and outlet tubing for Syringe 2.
11. Seat the outlet tubes in the clip to the left of the Syringe 2 valve.
Continued on page 21.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
8: Install the Dispense Module | 21
Figures 10 and 11: Possible locations for the dispense module,
to the left or on top of the instrument.
Outlet
tubes
Inlet
tubes
Syringe
valves
Figure 12: Initial setup of the dispense module
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
22 | Chapter 2: Installation
12. Remove the two syringes from their protective boxes. They are identical and
interchangeable. Each syringe should already be assembled in one piece, but if
for some reason there are two separate pieces, assemble them now: insert the
white tip of the syringe plunger into the barrel of the syringe and gently push it
all the way into the barrel.
13. Install both syringes:
•
Hold the syringe vertically with the threaded end at the top and the
knurled steel end at the bottom.
•
Screw the threaded end of the syringe into the bottom of the syringe
valve. Finger-tighten only.
•
Carefully pull down the knurled steel end of the syringe until it is resting
inside the hole in the bracket.
•
Pass a metal thumbscrew up through this hole and thread it into the
bottom of the syringe. Hold the syringe from rotating while tightening the
thumbscrew. Finger-tighten only.
The installed syringes should resemble the following:
Syringes
Syringe
brackets
Thumbscrews
Figure 13: The dispense module with the syringes installed
Continued on the next page.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
8: Install the Dispense Module | 23
14. Locate the dispense module cable. Plug one end into the port on the left side of
the dispense module. Plug the other end into the “Dispenser Port” on the rear
panel of the Synergy™ HT.
One end of the cable
connected to the port on
the side of the dispense module
The other end
connected to
the reader’s
Dispenser Port
Figure 14: Dispense module connected to the reader (rear view)
15. Locate the injector tip-cleaning stylus, packaged in a small plastic cylinder.
Attach the cylinder to the back of the dispense module for storage.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
24 | Chapter 2: Installation
9: Connect the Host Computer
The Synergy™ HT is equipped with two types of communication ports: Serial (RS-232)
and USB. Both ports are located on the rear panel of the reader.
•
Both types of cables are included in the accessories box. Determine which cable is
supported by the host computer.
•
Connect one end to the appropriate port on the reader (see photo below) and the
other end to the appropriate port on the host computer.
Figure 15: RS-232 serial and USB ports on the rear panel (injector model shown)
10: Install the Software on the Host Computer
The Synergy™ HT is controlled by BioTek’s Gen5™ or KC4™ software running on a host
computer. There is a certain sequence of events that must be followed to ensure that the
software is properly installed and configured. Please follow the instructions provided in
Gen5’s Getting Started Guide or KC4’s User’s Guide to install the software.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
11: Turn on the Reader | 25
11: Turn on the Reader
Locate the power switch on the front panel and turn on the Synergy™ HT. The reader will
automatically initiate a System Test and eject the microplate carrier.
Figure 16: Carrier eject button (top) and power ON/OFF switch
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
26 | Chapter 2: Installation
12: Establish Communication
™ Important: If you are using the USB cable, refer to the instructions
that shipped with the “USB Virtual COM Driver Software” CD to install
the necessary drivers and identify the Com Port number.
Using Gen5™
Perform these steps to set and test the communication parameters:
1.
Start Gen5.
2.
Login if prompted. The default System Administrator password is “admin”.
3.
When the “Welcome to Gen5” screen appears, select System Menu.
4.
Select System|Reader Configuration and click Add.
5.
Set the Reader Type to Synergy.
6.
Set the Com Port to the computer’s COM port to which the reader is
connected.
•
7.
If using the USB cable, the information can be found via the Windows®
Control Panel, under Ports in the Hardware/Device Manager area of
System Properties (e.g., USB Serial Port (COM5)).
Click the Test Comm button. Gen5 will attempt to communicate with the
reader.
•
If the communication attempt is successful, return to Gen5’s main screen.
•
If the communication attempt is not successful, try the following:
¾
Is the reader connected to the power supply and turned on?
¾
Is the communication cable firmly attached to both the reader
and the computer?
¾
Did you select the correct Reader Type in step 4?
¾
Choose a different COM port.
¾
If using the USB cable, did you install the driver software?
(See 9: Connect the Host Computer.)
If you remain unable to get Gen5 and the reader to communicate with each
other, contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center. See page 6.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
12: Establish Communication | 27
Using KC4™
Perform these steps to set and test the communication parameters:
1.
Start KC4.
2.
Login if prompted. The default System Administrator password is “admin”.
3.
Close any warning messages that appear until KC4’s main screen appears.
4.
Select System|Readers. Scroll through the list of Available Readers until
you see your model. Highlight (click once on) the model name.
5.
•
Synergy HT-I (SIAFR, SIAFR-Custom)
•
Synergy HTTR-I (SIAFRT, SIAFRT-Custom)
•
Synergy HTTR w/Injectors (SIAFRTD, SIAFRTD-Custom)
Click the Port button and then click Setup. Set the Transmission Rate to 9600
and click OK. Select the computer’s COM port to which the reader is connected,
and then click OK.
•
6.
If using the USB cable, the information can be found via the Windows®
Control Panel, under Ports in the Hardware/Device Manager area of
System Properties (e.g., USB Serial Port (COM5)).
Click the Current Reader button. KC4 will attempt to communicate with the
reader.
™ If a message appears stating that the software wavelength table does
not match the reader filter table, this means that communication has
been established and KC4 just needs to update its wavelength table.
Click Yes.
•
If the communication attempt is successful, click Close to return to KC4’s
main screen.
•
If the communication attempt is not successful (i.e., an error message
appears in KC4), try the following:
¾
Is the reader connected to the power supply and turned on?
¾
Is the communication cable firmly attached to both the reader
and the computer?
¾
Did you select the correct model in step 4?
¾
Choose a different COM port.
¾
If using the USB cable, did you install the driver software?
(See 9: Connect the Host Computer.)
If you remain unable to get KC4 and the reader to communicate with each
other, contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center. See page 6.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
28 | Chapter 2: Installation
13: Run a System Test
Running a System Test will confirm that the reader is set up and running properly, or will
provide an error code if a problem has been detected.
Perform these steps to run the test:
1.
Gen5:
Select System|Diagnostics|Run System Test. If prompted to
select a reader, select the Synergy HT and click OK.
KC4:
Select System|Diagnostics|Run Optics Test.
When the Run Optics Test dialog appears, click Start.
2.
When the test is complete, a dialog will appear to request additional
information. Enter the information (if desired) and click OK.
3.
The results report will appear. Scroll down toward the bottom, the text should
read “SYSTEM TEST PASS.”
•
You may wish to print the report and store it with your Installation records.
•
The software stores system test information in its database; you can retrieve
it at any time.
™ If an error code is returned, turn to Appendix C, Error Codes and
look up the code. If the problem is something you can fix, do so now
and run another System Test. If the problem is something you cannot
fix, or if the test continues to fail, contact BioTek’s Technical
Assistance Center. See page 6 for contact information.
4.
Models with injectors:
Keep the software open and proceed to
14: Test Injector System.
All other models:
The installation and setup process is complete!
Close the software and turn to page 31 to read
about Product Registration and Operational/
Performance Qualification.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
14: Test the Injector System | 29
14: Test the Injector System
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
Perform these steps to test the injector system:
1.
If necessary, press the button above the power switch to eject the microplate
carrier. Place the tip priming trough in the left rear pocket of the carrier.
Place the priming plate on the carrier.
Priming plate
Tip priming trough
Figure 17: Installing the tip priming trough and
priming plate on the microplate carrier
2.
Fill the two reagent bottles with distilled or deionized water. Place the
bottles in their holders, and place the holders directly in front of the syringes.
Insert the inlet tubes into the bottles.
™ The dispense module’s setup should resemble the photo in Figure 18.
Make any final adjustments, if necessary.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
30 | Chapter 2: Installation
Figure 18: The fully assembled dispense module
Select System|Reader Control|Synergy (Com<#>)
Select System|Reader Control
3.
Gen5:
KC4:
4.
Click the Dispenser tab.
5.
With Dispenser set to 1, set the Volume to 5000 µl and click Prime.
The syringe should move down and up repeatedly, drawing fluid from the
bottle. The fluid should pump through the tubing and dispense into the
priming plate. Examine the fittings; no leaks should be detected.
If leaks are detected, tighten all fittings and repeat the prime. If leaks are still
detected, contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center.
6.
When the prime finishes, set Volume to 2000 µl and click Purge to clear the
fluid lines.
7.
Set Dispenser to 2 and repeat steps 5 and 6.
8.
When finished, remove and empty the priming plate.
9.
Close the software.
The installation and setup process is complete! Turn to the next page to read about
product registration and Operational/Performance Qualification.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Operational/Performance Qualification | 31
Operational/Performance Qualification
Your Synergy™ HT Multi-Detection Microplate Reader was fully tested at BioTek prior
to shipment and should operate properly following the successful completion of the
installation and setup procedures described throughout this chapter.
If you suspect that problems occurred during shipment, if you received the reader back
from BioTek following service or repair, and/or if regulatory requirements dictate that
Operational/Performance Qualification is necessary, turn to Chapter 4, Instrument
Qualification now to learn about BioTek’s recommended OQ/PQ procedures for the
Synergy HT.
™ Note: An Installation-Operational-Performance (IQ/OQ/PQ) package
for the Synergy HT is available for purchase (PN 7090521). Contact
your local BioTek dealer for more information.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
32 | Chapter 2: Installation
Repackaging and Shipping Instructions
Warning! If the reader and/or dispense module has been exposed to
potentially hazardous material, decontaminate it to minimize the risk
to all who come in contact with the reader during shipping, handling
and servicing. Decontamination prior to shipping is required by the
U.S. Department of Transportation regulations. See Appendix A for
decontamination instructions.
Caution! Remove the microplate and tip prime trough (if equipped)
from the carrier before shipment. Spilled fluids can contaminate the
optics and damage the instrument.
Important!
The instrument’s packaging design is subject to change over time.
If the instructions in this section do not appear to apply to the
packaging materials you are using, please contact BioTek’s Technical
Assistance Center for guidance.
Replace the microplate carrier shipping screw and the shipping panel
before repackaging the reader for shipment. Please contact BioTek if
you have misplaced either of these items.
If you need to ship the Synergy HT and/or the dispense module to
BioTek for service or repair, be sure to use the original packaging
materials. Other forms of commercially available packaging are not
recommended and can void the warranty.
The shipping materials are designed to be used no more than five
times. If the original materials have been damaged, lost, or used more
than five times, contact BioTek to order replacements (PN 7093001 for
the reader, PN 7083001 for the dispense module). See page 6 for
contact information..
Perform these steps to prepare the reader for shipment:
1.
Contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center for an RMA (Return Materials
Authorization) number before returning equipment for service. See page 6 for
contact information.
2.
Decontaminate the reader and, if attached, the dispense module, according to
the instructions provided in Appendix A.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Repackaging and Shipping Instructions | 33
3.
If you will also be shipping the dispense module, perform these steps now:
If using Gen5™:
a
With the reader on, start Gen5
and select System|Reader
If using KC4™:
a
With the reader on, start KC4 and
select System|Readers.
Control|Synergy (Com<#>).
b
Click the Dispenser tab. Ensure
that ‘Dispenser’ is set to 1.
b
Click the Configuration button
and select the Dispenser #1 tab.
c
Click the Maintenance button.
c
Click the Move Syringe to
maintenance position button.
d
The Syringe 1 bracket will lower. Remove the thumbscrew from underneath
the bracket. Carefully unscrew the top of the syringe from the syringe valve.
Lift out the syringe and store it in its original box.
e
Set the Dispenser number to 2. Repeat steps c and d for Syringe 2.
f
Fully detach the dispense module from the reader. Replace the two nylon
screws into the Syringe 1 and 2 tubing ports on the rear of the reader. (The
screws should be stored in the plastic bag attached to the back of the
module.) Set the module aside for the moment.
4.
If you have not already done so, retract the microplate carrier and then turn off
and unplug the reader.
5.
Remove the lamp assembly and pack it in bubble wrap (see p. 14).
6.
Replace the microplate carrier shipping screw (see p. 13).
7.
Tip the reader onto its back feet. Attach the shipping panel to the bottom of
the reader using the four flat-head screws and washers (see p. 11 and 11).
8.
Wrap the plastic bag around the reader and shipping panel.
9.
Locate the original outer shipping box. Place four foam blocks in the four
bottom corners of the box. Place the inner shipping box inside the outer box
(see p. 8 and 9).
10. Grasp the handles on the shipping panel and carefully lower the reader into the
inner shipping box.
11. Slide the foam vertical supports into place around the reader. Place the
accessories box on top.
12. Close and seal the inner box with tape.
13. Place four foam corner blocks around the inner shipping box. Close and seal
the outer box with tape.
14. Write the RMA number in large clear numbers on the outside of the box. Ship
the box to BioTek (see page 6 for the address).
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
34 | Chapter 2: Installation
Perform these steps to prepare the dispense module for shipment:
1.
If you have not already done so:
a
Contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center for an RMA (Return Materials
Authorization) number before returning equipment for service. See page 6
for contact information.
b
Decontaminate the module according to the instructions in Appendix A.
c
Remove the two syringes (see step 3 on the previous page) and store them in
their original boxes.
d
Detach the dispense module outlet tubes and communication cable from the
reader. Replace the two nylon screws into the Syringe 1 and 2 tubing ports on
the rear of the reader.
™ Refer to the illustrations in 7: Unpack and Inspect the Dispense
Module starting on page 17 when performing these steps.
2.
Remove the two inlet tubes from the syringe valves and store them in their
plastic canisters.
3.
Remove the two outlet tubes from the syringe valves. Attach the clear plastic
fitting covers to the fittings of the outlet tubes. Place the tubes in a plastic bag.
4.
Place the dispense module inside the inner shipping box. Slide the cardboard
shipping insert down around the module. Pack the reagent bottle holders in
bubble wrap and place them on top of the module. Seal the box with tape.
5.
Locate the original accessories shipping box and foam end caps. Place the
bottom foam end cap into the box.
6.
Place the syringes, the inlet tubes, and the outlet tubes inside the cutouts of the
bottom foam end cap in the accessories box. Place the dispense module cover
on top of the accessories.
7.
Cover the accessories with the top foam end cap, place the dispense module
cable inside the top of the end cap, and seal the box with tape.
8.
Locate the original outer shipping box and foam end caps. Insert the bottom
foam end cap. Lower the dispense module box into the end cap.
9.
Insert the accessories box alongside the dispense module box.
10. Insert the top foam end cap. Close and seal the outer box with tape.
11. Write the RMA number in large clear numbers on the outside of the box. Ship
the box to BioTek (see page 6 for the address).
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Chapter 3
Getting Started
This chapter describes some of the Synergy™ HT’s key components
and provides an introduction to using Gen5™ or KC4™ to control
the instrument.
Key Components ..................................................................
Power Switch, Carrier Eject Button, Microplate Carrier...........
Lamp Assembly and Filter Wheel Access..............................
Excitation and Emission Filter Wheels .................................
Installing the Time-Resolved Fluorescence Cartridge .............
Configuring the System for Luminescence Measurements ......
The External Dispense Module ...........................................
Gen5™ Software ..................................................................
Viewing/Updating the Filter and Wavelengths Tables.............
Creating Protocols and Experiments....................................
Controlling the Dispense Module ........................................
KC4™ Software....................................................................
Viewing/Updating the Filter and Wavelengths Tables.............
Creating Protocols............................................................
Reading Plates ................................................................
Controlling the Dispense Module ........................................
Recommendations for Achieving Optimum Performance .............
36
36
37
38
41
42
43
46
46
47
50
52
52
53
55
56
59
36 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Key Components
Power Switch, Carrier Eject Button, Microplate Carrier
Microplate
carrier
Well A1
Carrier eject button
Power switch
Figure 19: Power switch, carrier eject button, microplate carrier
•
The power switch is labeled “I/O,” indicating on and off, respectively. An LED on
the switch indicates that the power is on.
•
The microplate carrier eject button can be used to move the microplate carrier
into or out of the measurement chamber, and also to stop the instrument from
“beeping” when it encounters an error.
•
The microplate carrier supports microplates and adapter plates as described in
Appendix D, Specifications. The plate is positioned so that well A1 is in the left
rear corner of the carrier. A spring clip holds the plate securely in place. The
microplate loading door helps to ensure a light-impermeable measurement
chamber. When a plate read is initiated, the carrier slides into the measurement
chamber and then moves in the X and Y axes to align each microwell with the top
or bottom fluorescence probe, or bottom absorbance probe, as specified in the
Gen5™ procedure or KC4™ protocol. When the read is complete, the plate carrier
slides to its full-out position.
™ For fluorescence and luminescence reading modes, the height of the top optical probe
can be adjusted. Use the Top Probe Vertical Offset option to define how far the top
probe shall be offset from the top surface of the plate during the read. In Gen5, this
option is found in a Read step within a Procedure. In KC4, it is in the Reading
Parameters dialog. Refer to the software documentation for further instructions.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Key Components | 37
Lamp Assembly and Filter Wheel Access
Excitation
filter wheel
Fluorescence
lamp assembly
(slides in, see
instructions on
page 13)
Emission
filter wheel
Cartridge for time-resolved fluorescence
(replaces the Excitation filter wheel)
Figure 20: Accessing the fluorescence lamp assembly and filter wheels
•
The fluorescence lamp assembly and the excitation and emission filter
wheels are accessible via a hinged door on the front of the instrument. To open
the door, press on its lower left and right corners until the door opens downward.
A diagram showing the location of the lamp assembly and the orientation of the
excitation and emission filter wheels is printed on the inside of the hinged door.
•
For models with the Time-Resolved Fluorescence feature, remove the excitation
filter wheel and replace it with the “TR” cartridge before running a time-resolved
fluorescence assay. See page 41 for more information on the TR cartridge.
™ The Synergy™ HT has two lamps: one for standard fluorescence, one for
absorbance and time-resolved fluorescence:
Standard Fluorescence: The 20-watt tungsten halogen lamp’s life is rated
at an average of 1000 hours, and it is user-replaceable. The intensity of the
bulb will slowly drop over time until the instrument’s run-time self-check
detects a low lamp current signal and Gen5™ or KC4™ displays an error
message. The lamp (PN 7080500) should be replaced at this time.
Absorbance and Time-Resolved Fluorescence: The xenon flash lamp life
is rated at an average of 1 billion flashes. This bulb should outlive the useful
life of the reader. If there is a problem with the lamp, however, the intensity
may drop and the run-time self-check will detect a low signal level and
generate an error message. If this happens, the instrument will require
service. Contact BioTek for assistance (this lamp is not user-replaceable).
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
38 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Excitation and Emission Filter Wheels
All Synergy™ HT models are equipped with one Excitation filter wheel and one
Emission filter wheel, for use with fluorescence and luminescence measurements. (A
monochromator is used for absorbance measurements.)
A filter in the Excitation wheel selects the narrow band of light to which the sample
will be exposed. A filter in the Emission wheel selects the band of light with the
maximum fluorescence signal, to be measured by the photomultiplier (PMT).
Each filter wheel is labeled EX or EM, and can contain up to four filters and/or black
“plugs.” A filter can be used in either wheel, but it must be oriented properly, as
described below. Each filter and plug is held securely in place with a C-clip filter
retainer.
™ Note: Each filter has its wavelength and bandpass values printed on
its side, with an arrow to indicate the proper direction of light through
the filter.
Direction
of light
Supporting metal
bracket
EXCITATION
Filter wheel
485/20
Thumbscrew
Direction
of light
EMISSION
528/20
Filter wheel
Note the difference in filter orientation between the
Excitation and Emission filter wheels
Figure 21: Profiles of the Excitation and Emission filter wheels, showing proper filter orientation
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Key Components | 39
L
Important! The Synergy™ HT is shipped with a set of Excitation and
Emission filters installed, and the Synergy’s onboard software is preconfigured with the filter values and their locations.
If you change the contents of a filter wheel, you must update Gen5’s or
KC4’s filter table and then download the information to the reader.
The Synergy does not automatically detect which filters are installed.
See page 46 for information on updating Gen5’s filter table.
See page 52 for information on updating KC4’s filter table.
Removing the Filter Wheels
The filter wheels can be removed if their contents need to be changed.
It is important to note that:
•
The Excitation and Emission filter wheels are not interchangeable
and are labeled as follows: EX = Excitation, EM = Emission.
(TR = Time-Resolved Cartridge; see page 41.)
•
Filter direction within a filter wheel is important, and the direction differs
depending on the filter wheel. There is a diagram on the inside of the front
panel door indicating this.
•
Each filter is marked with an arrow indicating the proper direction of light.
Refer to the figures on the previous page for proper filter orientation.
To remove a filter wheel:
1.
Important! Turn off the instrument.
2.
Using your thumbs, push down on the bottom corners of the hinged door
on the front of the instrument.
3.
Observe the two thumbscrews within the compartment. The left
thumbscrew holds the Excitation filter wheel in place; the right secures the
Emission filter wheel.
4.
Remove the thumbscrew and slide the filter wheel’s supporting metal
bracket straight out of the compartment. Note: The Emission filter wheel
will “spring” out when removed. (This is because a shutter behind the
wheel closes quickly to protect the PMT.)
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
40 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
L
Important! When removing or replacing a filter or C-clip
filter retainer, do not use a sharp instrument! Use several
layers of lens paper and your finger to remove and replace
filters and clips. Using a sharp instrument, such as a flat
screwdriver, will scratch the filter surface and make it
unusable.
Do not touch the filters with your bare fingers!.
To remove a filter or plug:
1.
Turn the filter wheel to align the desired filter with the hole in the
supporting bracket.
2.
Place the bracket on a flat surface, with the filter wheel facing down.
3.
Prepare a multi-layered “cushion” of lens paper. Using your finger covered
with the lens paper, gently push against the filter and its C-clip retainer
until they pop out.
To replace a filter or plug:
1.
Hold the metal bracket with the filter wheel facing up.
2.
Properly orient the filter or plug (see page 38), and then drop it into the
desired filter wheel location.
3.
Using your fingers, squeeze the sides of the C-clip filter retainer, and then
insert it into the top of the hole containing the new filter. Cover your finger
with several layers of lens paper, and then push down on all sides of the Cclip until it sits flush against the filter.
4.
Clean both sides of the filter with lens paper.
To reinstall a filter wheel:
1.
Ensure that all filters and/or plugs are inserted properly (see above).
2.
Slide the filter wheel back into its chamber.
3.
Replace the thumbscrew.
4.
Close the front door.
5.
Turn on the instrument.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Key Components | 41
Installing the Time-Resolved Fluorescence Cartridge
For Synergy™ HT models that support time-resolved fluorescence, the “TR” cartridge
must be installed in place of the Excitation filter wheel before a TRF assay can be run.
The TR cartridge allows light from the xenon flash bulb to be input to the fluorescence
optical system within the Synergy instrument. Excitation wavelengths are selected by
adjusting the monochromator from 200 to 999 nm in 1-nm increments, with a fixed
bandwidth of 10 nm.
™ The Synergy HT automatically detects the presence of the TR
cartridge. At the start of a time-resolved fluorescence assay, the
operator will be prompted to install the TR cartridge if it is missing.
To install the TR cartridge:
1.
Important! Turn off the instrument.
2.
Using your thumbs, push down on the bottom corners of the hinged door
on the front of the instrument. Observe the two thumbscrews within the
compartment. The left thumbscrew holds the Excitation filter wheel in
place. See the figure on page 37.
3.
Remove the left thumbscrew and slide the filter wheel’s supporting metal
bracket straight out of the compartment.
4.
Slide the TR cartridge into the compartment and replace the thumbscrew.
Close the front door and turn on the instrument.
™ To specify time-resolved fluorescence in a Gen5 protocol, check
the ‘Time Resolved’ box in a Read step in the procedure. To specify
time-resolved fluorescence in a KC4 protocol, check the ‘TimeResolved’ box in the Reading parameters dialog. When defining a
filter set using either software package, click the Options button
to specify the length of time to delay before collecting readings and
the length of time for which readings will be taken.
™ See page 47 for more information on creating Gen5 protocols.
™ See page 53 for more information on creating KC4 protocols.
Figure 22: The “TR” cartridge, for time-resolved fluorescence assays
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
42 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Configuring the System for Luminescence Measurements
•
For best results when taking luminescence measurements, the Excitation filter
wheel should have no empty locations, and it should have at least one “plug” (also
referred to as a “dummy filter”) installed to prevent light from reaching the
samples. Remove the Excitation filter wheel (see page 39) and examine its contents;
ensure that there are no empty locations and there is at least one plug installed.
•
If your tests require that the light emitted from the samples remain unfiltered, the
Emission filter wheel should have an empty location in it. Remove the Emission
filter wheel and examine its contents; ensure that there is an empty location.
•
If you made any changes to either filter wheel, you must update Gen5’s or KC4’s
filter table. Select “PLUG” to indicate the presence of a plug and “HOLE” to
indicate an empty location. Click Send Values (or Filters) to download the
information to the reader.
Updating Gen5’s filter table; for complete
instructions, see page 46.
•
When defining a filter set in a Read
step in a Gen5 procedure, selecting
‘Hole’ indicates the empty location in
the Emission filter wheel. See page 47
for information on Read steps and
procedures.
Updating KC4’s filter table; for complete
instructions, see page 52.
•
When defining a filter set in a KC4
Luminescence or Multi-Mode protocol,
selecting ‘Lum/E’ indicates the empty
location in the Emission filter wheel.
See page 53 for information on
protocols.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Key Components | 43
The External Dispense Module
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
The dispense module pumps fluid from the supply bottles to injector heads located
inside the instrument. Fluid is injected into one well at a time.
e
f
c
d
Figure 23: Dispense module components
c
d
e
f
Two 250-µL syringes draw fluid from the supply bottles.
Inlet tubes transport fluid from the supply vessels to the syringes. These
tubes are short pieces of opaque PTFE (Teflon) tubing connected to
stainless steel probes on one end and threaded fittings on the other end.
Three-way valves switch the syringe flow from the inlet tubes to the
outlet tubes.
Outlet tubes transport fluid from the syringes into the instrument,
through the tubing ports on the Synergy HT’s rear panel. The outlet tubes
are opaque PTFE tubes with threaded fittings on each end that are used to
deliver fluid from the syringes to the instrument.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
44 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Inside the Synergy™ HT, two Teflon tubes transport fluid from the tubing ports on
the rear of the instrument to the two injectors. As shown below, both injectors are
positioned directly above the bottom fluorescence optical probe.
Syringe 1
Syringe 2
Bottom probe
Figure 24: Close-up view of the injectors inside the instrument
™ Note: The tubing and injectors should be cleaned at least quarterly.
See Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance for more information.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Key Components | 45
Priming the System
Before an assay requiring fluid dispense is run, the system should be fully primed
with the reagent or other fluid used by the assay. At the start of the assay (and
optionally at the start of each dispense to a well), an additional injector tip prime
can be performed. The tip prime compensates for any fluid loss at the injector tip
due to evaporation since the last dispense. All priming activities are controlled via
Gen5™ (see page 50) or KC4™ (see page 56).
Both types of primes require a fluid reservoir to be present on the microplate
carrier:
•
The priming plate is about the same size as a standard microplate, and is
placed on the microplate carrier for a Prime operation (to prime the
dispense system with fluid).
•
The tip priming trough is a small, removable priming cup located in the
left rear of the carrier, and is used for performing the Tip Prime before
dispensing. The trough holds up to 1.5 ml of liquid and must be
periodically emptied and cleaned by the user.
Priming plate
Tip priming trough
Figure 25: Priming plate and tip priming trough
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
46 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Gen5™ Software
BioTek’s Gen5 software supports all Synergy™ HT reader models. Use Gen5 to control the
reader and the dispense module, perform data reduction and analysis on the measurement
values, print /export results, and more. This section provides brief instructions for
creating experiments and reading plates. It also explains how to use Gen5 to perform some
functions that are specific to the dispense module.
Viewing/Updating the Filter and Wavelengths Tables
The Synergy HT ships with a set of Excitation and Emission filters installed, and the
reader’s onboard software is pre-configured with the filter values and their locations.
When Gen5 establishes communication with the reader, it “asks” for this information
and then stores it in a filter table on the computer.
To view this table in Gen5, select System|Reader Configuration, highlight the
Synergy reader, and click View/Modify. Click Setup and then click the
Fluorescence/Luminescence tab.
Regarding the
Absorbance
Wavelengths table:
The Synergy HT
performs absorbance
reads in the range of
200 to 999 nm.
Filter wheel position
numbers, 1 to 4
Click the Absorbance
tab to specify and
calibrate 6 wavelengths
to be made available as
default selections within
a protocol’s Reading
Parameters dialog.
To change the settings and download them to the instrument:
1.
Enter filter values in the Center fields, or use the drop-down boxes to select
‘PLUG’ or ‘HOLE’.
2.
For each Center wavelength value, enter its accompanying Bandwidth.
(The Bandwidth is printed on the side of each filter.)
3.
When finished, click Send Values to download the information to the
reader. (Clicking Get Values uploads information from the reader.)
4.
Click OK to save the settings and close this dialog. The settings become
available for selection in the Read step dialog in a Procedure.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Gen5™ Software | 47
Creating Protocols and Experiments
In Gen5™, a Protocol contains instructions for controlling the reader and (optionally)
instructions for analyzing the data retrieved from the reader. At a minimum, a protocol
must specify the Procedure for the assay you wish to run. After creating a protocol,
create an Experiment that references the protocol. You’ll run the experiment to read
plates and analyze the data.
Figure 26: Defining the Procedure within a Gen5 Protocol
Figure 27: An Experiment (containing measurement data), based on a pre-defined protocol
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
48 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
The instructions below briefly describe how to create a simple protocol in Gen5.
See Gen5’s Help system for complete instructions.
To create a Protocol in Gen5:
1.
Select File|New Protocol.
2.
Open the Procedure dialog. If prompted to select a reader, select the
Synergy HT and click OK.
3.
Add Steps to the procedure for shaking or heating the plate, dispensing
fluid, reading the plate, and more. Click the Validate button to verify that
the reader supports the defined steps, and then click OK.
Tips:
•
Add a Dispense step to define the volume and rate at which fluid will
be dispensed, and from which dispenser.
•
Add a Read step to specify the detection method and filter sets or
wavelength values, enable time-resolved fluorescence, and set the Top
Probe Vertical Offset value.
•
To define a Kinetic read, place an Endpoint Read step inside a Kinetic
Start/End loop.
Figure 28: Clockwise from upper left: defining a Dispense step, defining a Read step,
defining a Kinetic read (Kinetic + Endpoint Read steps).
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Gen5™ Software | 49
4.
Open the Plate Layout dialog and assign blanks, samples, controls, and/or
standards to the plate.
5.
Open the Data Reduction dialog to add data reduction steps. Categories
include Transformation, Well Analysis, Curve Analysis, Cutoff, and
Validation.
6.
Create a report or export template, via the Report Builder, File Export
Builder, or Power Export Builder options.
7.
Select File|Save As and give the file an identifying name.
The instructions below briefly describe how to create a simple Experiment and then
read a plate in Gen5. See Gen5’s Help system for complete instructions.
To create an Experiment and read a plate using Gen5:
1.
Select File|New Experiment.
2.
Select the desired protocol and click OK.
3.
Highlight a plate in the menu “tree” and select Plate|Read. The Plate
Reading dialog will appear.
4.
Click READ. The door will open and the carrier will extend (if it is not
already extended).
5.
Place the plate on the carrier and click OK to begin the read.
6.
When the read is complete, measurement values will appear in Gen5. To
view them, select the desired data set (e.g., “528/20,645/40”) from the Data
drop-down list.
7.
Select File|Save As and give the file an identifying name.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
50 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Controlling the Dispense Module
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
Gen5™ is used to perform several dispense module-specific functions, including
initializing, priming, and purging. Gen5 also contains certain configuration items that
must be set before using the dispense module. Read the following sections to become
familiar with these functions and configuration items.
Initialization
If the dispense module was connected to the reader before the reader was turned
on, or if a System Test was run via Gen5, the dispense module should initialize
automatically. If for any reason the module does not initialize automatically, you
can initialize it from Gen5:
1.
In Gen5, select System|Reader Control|Synergy(Com<#>) and click
the Dispenser tab.
2.
Select the desired Dispenser number (1 or 2) and click the Initialize
button. The syringe drive will move to its home position and its sensors will
be verified. Upon successful completion, the Initialized field should show
“Yes”.
Prime Utility
Before running an experiment with a Dispense step, the dispense module and its
associated tubing must be primed with the fluid to be used. Gen5 provides a
special utility for this task. To prime the dispense module:
1.
Fill the supply bottle with a sufficient volume of the fluid to be used for the
prime and the assay. Insert the appropriate inlet tube into the bottle.
2.
Important! Place the priming plate on the carrier.
3.
In Gen5, select System|Reader Control|Synergy(Com<#>) and click
the Dispenser tab.
4.
Select the Dispenser number (1 or 2) associated with the supply bottle.
5.
Enter the Volume to be used for the prime, from 5 to 5000 µL.
The minimum recommended prime volume is 1100 µL.
6.
Select a prime Rate, in µL/second.
7.
Click Prime to start the process.
8.
When the process is complete, carefully remove the priming plate from the
carrier and empty its contents. If the priming plate is empty, the prime
volume was too low.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Gen5™ Software | 51
Purge Utility
Gen5™ provides a special utility to purge fluid from the dispense tubing and
syringe by pumping the fluid in reverse, back into the supply bottle. To purge the
dispense module:
1.
In Gen5, select System|Reader Control|Synergy(Com<#>) and click
the Dispenser tab.
2.
Select the Dispenser number (1 or 2) associated with the supply bottle.
3.
Enter the desired purge Volume in µL.
4.
Select a prime Rate in µL/second.
5.
Click Purge to start the process.
Syringe Maintenance Position
Gen5 provides access to special syringe setup functions for maintenance and
calibration purposes. If a syringe needs to be installed or replaced, it must first be
moved to its “Maintenance Position.” To do this using Gen5:
1.
In Gen5, select System|Reader Control|Synergy(Com<#>) and click
the Dispenser tab.
2.
Select the appropriate Dispenser number (1 or 2) associated with the
syringe.
3.
Click Maintenance. The syringe plunger will move to its furthest-fromhome position. The syringe can then be disconnected form the drive bracket
and unscrewed from the valve.
4.
See “Install Dispense Module Components” in Chapter 2, Installation
for information on installing/removing the syringes.
L
Important! Do not change the syringe positions or
calibrate the dispensers unless instructed to do so as part
of installation, upgrade, or maintenance.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
52 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
KC4™ Software
BioTek’s KC4 software supports all Synergy™ HT reader models. Use KC4 to control the
reader and the dispense module; perform data reduction and analysis on the measurement
values; print and export results; and more. This section provides brief instructions for
creating protocols and reading plates. It also explains how to use KC4 to perform some
functions that are specific to the dispense module.
Viewing/Updating the Filter and Wavelengths Tables
The Synergy HT ships with a set of Excitation and Emission filters installed, and the
reader’s onboard software is pre-configured with the filter values and their locations.
When KC4 first establishes communication with the reader, it “asks” for this
information and then stores it in a filter table on the computer. This table can be
viewed in KC4 by selecting System|Reader and clicking the Filters/ Wavelengths
button. Click the Fluorescence/Luminescence tab to view the Excitation and
Emission filter wheel information retrieved from the Synergy:
Filter wheel position
numbers, 1 to 4
Regarding the
Absorbance
Wavelengths table:
The Synergy HT
performs absorbance
reads in the range of
200 to 999 nm.
Click the Absorbance
tab to specify and
calibrate 6 wavelengths to be made
available as default
selections within a
protocol’s Reading
Parameters dialog.
To change the settings and download them to the instrument:
1.
Enter wavelength values in the Center fields, or use the drop-down boxes
to select ‘PLUG’ or ‘HOLE’.
2.
For each Center wavelength value, enter its accompanying Bandwidth.
(The Bandwidth is printed on the side of each filter.)
3.
When finished, click Send Filters to download the information to the
reader. (Get Filters uploads information from the reader.)
4.
Click OK to save the settings and close this dialog. The settings become
available for selection in the protocol’s Reading Parameters dialog.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
KC4™ Software | 53
Creating Protocols
In KC4™, a protocol contains instructions for controlling the reader and (optionally)
instructions for analyzing the data retrieved from the reader. At a minimum, a protocol
must specify the Reading parameters for the assay you wish to run.
Figure 29: KC4’s Reading parameters dialog (software version 3.4)
The instructions on the following pages briefly describe how to create protocols in
KC4. Be sure to refer to KC4’s Help system and User’s Guide for complete instructions.
™ Note: KC4 software versions 3.4 and greater offer a Multi-Mode
option within the Reading Parameters dialog. This option allows you to
define more than one detection method in a single protocol. See KC4’s
Help system or User’s Guide for more information.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
54 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
To create an Absorbance protocol in KC4™:
1.
Select Data|New Plate. If prompted to select a protocol, select “Empty
Protocol” and click OK. If not prompted, select Protocol|New.
2.
Select Protocol|Reading. The Reading parameters dialog will appear.
3.
Set Detection Method to Absorbance.
4.
Select a Reading Type of Endpoint, Kinetic, or Spectrum. For a Kinetic
protocol, click the Kinetic button to define the Run Time and Interval.
5.
Select or specify the Wavelengths at which the plate will be read.
6.
Select a Plate Type.
7.
Enable Temperature Control and/or Shaking if necessary. Select any
Pre-Reading parameters.
8.
Click OK to verify the parameters and return to the main screen.
9.
Select Protocol|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name.
To create a Fluorescence or Luminescence (non-Dispense) protocol in KC4:
1.
Select Data|New Plate. If prompted to select a protocol, select “Empty
Protocol” and click OK. If not prompted, select Protocol|New.
2.
Select Protocol|Reading. The Reading parameters dialog will appear.
3.
Set Detection Method to Fluorescence or Luminescence.
4.
Select a Reading Type of Endpoint or Kinetic. For a Kinetic protocol, click
the Kinetic button to define the Run Time and Interval.
5.
If supported by the current Synergy™ HT model, checking Time-Resolved
enables the Time Resolved Fluorescence feature.
6.
Define the Filter Sets by selecting the filter(s), Optics Position, and
Sensitivity.
7.
Select a Plate Type.
8.
Enable Temperature Control and/or Shaking if necessary. Select any
Pre-Reading parameters.
9.
Click OK to verify the parameters and return to the main screen.
10. Select Protocol|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
KC4™ Software | 55
To create a Fluorescence or Luminescence Dispense protocol in KC4™ (for the
Synergy™ HTTR w/Injectors):
1.
Select Data|New Plate. If prompted to select a protocol, select “Empty
Protocol” and click OK. If not prompted, select Protocol|New.
2.
Select Protocol|Reading. The Reading parameters dialog will appear.
3.
Set Detection Method to Fluorescence or Luminescence.
4.
Check the Dispense box.
5.
Select a Reading Type of Endpoint or Kinetic.
6.
Define the Filter Sets (up to 2) by selecting the filter(s), Optics Position,
and Sensitivity.
7.
Select a Plate Type.
8.
Enable Temperature Control if necessary. Select any Pre-Reading
parameters.
9.
Click the Read & Dispense button. The Read & Dispense dialog will
appear.
¾
Select a Read Mode of Well or Plate.
¾
Click the Dispense, Shake, and Read buttons to add steps to the
protocol.
¾
When finished, click OK to return to the Reading parameters dialog.
10. Click OK to verify the parameters and return to the main screen.
11. Select Protocol|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name.
Reading Plates
To read a plate using KC4:
1.
Select Data|New Plate.
2.
If prompted to select a protocol, select a protocol and click OK. If not
prompted, select Protocol|Open and select a protocol.
3.
Select Data|Read Plate. The Plate Reading dialog will appear.
4.
Click Start Reading. The door will open and the plate carrier will extend.
5.
Place the plate on the carrier and click START READING to begin the read.
6.
When the read is complete, the measurement values will appear in KC4.
7.
Select Data|Save As and give the file an identifying name.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
56 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Controlling the Dispense Module
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
KC4™ is used to perform several dispense module-specific functions, including
initializing, priming, and purging. KC4 also contains certain configuration items that
must be set before using the dispense module. Read the following sections to become
familiar with these functions and configuration items.
Initialization
If the dispense module was connected to the reader before the reader was turned
on, or if an Optics Test was run via KC4, the dispense module should initialize
automatically. If for any reason the module does not initialize automatically, you
can initialize it from KC4:
1.
In KC4, select System|Readers, click the Configuration button, and then
click the appropriate Dispenser tab (#1 or #2).
2.
Click the Initialize button.
3.
The syringe drive will move to its home position and its sensors will be
verified. Upon successful completion, the Status should show “Initialized.”
4.
Repeat for the other syringe (Dispenser #2).
Prime Utility
Before running a Read & Dispense protocol, the dispense module and its
associated tubing must be primed with the fluid to be used. KC4 provides a special
utility for this task. To prime the dispense module:
1.
Fill the supply bottle with a sufficient volume of the fluid to be used for the
prime and the assay. Insert the appropriate inlet tube into the bottle.
2.
Important! Place the priming plate on the carrier.
3.
In KC4, select System|Reader Control and click the Dispenser tab.
4.
Select the Dispenser (1 or 2) associated with the supply bottle.
5.
Enter the Volume to be used for the prime, from 5 to 5000 µL.
The minimum recommended prime volume is 1100 µL.
6.
Select a prime Rate, in µL/second.
7.
Click Prime to start the process.
8.
When the process is complete, carefully remove the priming plate from the
carrier and empty its contents. If the priming plate is empty, the prime
volume was too low.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
KC4™ Software | 57
Purge Utility
KC4 provides a special utility to purge fluid from the dispense tubing and syringe
by pumping the fluid in reverse, back into the supply bottle. To purge the dispense
module:
1.
In KC4™, select System|Reader Control and click the Dispenser tab.
2.
Select the Dispenser (1 or 2) associated with the supply bottle.
3.
Enter the desired purge Volume from 5 to 5000 µL.
4.
Select a prime Rate in µL/second.
5.
Click Purge to start the process.
Emptying the Tip Priming Trough
Read & Dispense protocols can specify a tip prime to compensate for any fluid
loss at the dispense tip due to evaporation since the last dispense. Tip priming is
performed in a small, removable priming trough located in the left rear of the
carrier (see page 45). The trough holds up to 1.5 ml of liquid and must be
periodically emptied and cleaned by the user.
™ If the Tip Priming Trough overflows, you should clean the
microplate carrier and possibly the internal surface beneath the
carrier. See Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance for instructions.
See also Appendix A for decontamination instructions.
KC4 must be “told” when the trough has been emptied. To empty the tip priming
trough:
1.
If the microplate carrier is inside the reader, press the carrier eject button.
2.
Carefully remove the trough from the carrier and empty it. Clean or
decontaminate the trough if necessary.
3.
In KC4, select System|Reader Control and click the Dispenser tab. The
Tip Prime Trough value shows KC4’s estimate of how much fluid is in the
trough.
4.
Click Dump all Tip Prime Trough(s). The Tip Prime Trough value will
reset to ‘1500 µL remaining’ meaning the trough is empty.
™ Note: When running a Read & Dispense protocol, KC4 may prompt
you to empty the tip prime trough. In this case, KC4 will
automatically open the System|Reader Control, Dispenser
dialog.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
58 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
Syringe Maintenance Position
KC4 provides access to special syringe setup functions for maintenance and
calibration purposes. If a syringe needs to be installed or replaced, it must first be
moved to its “Maintenance Position.” To do this using KC4:
1.
In KC4, select System|Readers, click the Configuration button, and then
click the appropriate Dispenser tab (#1 or #2).
2.
Click Move Syringe to maintenance position.
The syringe plunger will move to its furthest-from-home position. The
syringe can then be disconnected form the drive bracket and unscrewed
from the valve. See “Install Dispense Module Components” in Chapter 2,
Installation for information on installing/removing the syringes.
3.
L
Click OK to close the dialog.
Important! Do not change the syringe positions or
calibrate the dispensers unless instructed to do so as part
of installation, upgrade, or maintenance.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Recommendations for Achieving Optimum Performance | 59
Recommendations for Achieving Optimum
Performance
•
Microplates should be perfectly clean and free of dust or bottom scratches. Use
new microplates from sealed packages. Do not allow dust to settle on the surface of
the solution; use microplate covers or seals when not reading the plate. Filter
solutions to remove particulates that could cause erroneous readings.
•
Before preparing your microplates, make sure the instrument is on and
successfully communicating with the controlling software. You may want to run a
System Test if the instrument has not been turned off/on in a few days. Design
your Gen5 or KC4 protocol in advance as well, to ensure that the intended reading
parameters are used and to avoid any last-minute corrections.
•
Although the Synergy™ HT supports standard flat, U-bottom, and V-bottom
microplates, the reader achieves optimum performance with optically clear, flatbottomed wells. See Appendix D, Specifications for more information on the
supported plates.
•
Non-uniformity in the optical density of the well bottoms can cause loss of
accuracy, especially with U- and V-bottom polyvinyl microplates. Check for this by
reading an empty microplate. Dual wavelength readings can eliminate this
problem, or bring the variation in density readings to within acceptable limits for
most measurements.
•
Inaccuracy in pipetting has a large effect on measurements, especially if smaller
volumes of liquid are used. For best results, use at least 100 μl per well in a 96-well
plate and 25 µL in a 384-well plate.
•
Dispensing solution into 384-well plates often traps air bubbles in the wells, which
may result in inaccurate readings. A dual-wavelength reading method usually
eliminates these inaccuracies; however, for best results, remove the air bubbles by
degassing the plate in a vacuum chamber before reading.
•
The inclination of the meniscus can cause loss of accuracy in some solutions,
especially with small volumes. Agitate the microplate before reading to help bring
this problem within acceptable limits. Use Tween® 20, if possible (or some other
wetting agent) to normalize the meniscus for absorbance measurements. Some
solutions develop menisci over a period of several minutes. This effect varies with
the brand of microplate and the solution composition. As the center of the
meniscus drops and shortens the light path, the density readings change. The
meniscus shape will stabilize over time.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
60 | Chapter 3: Getting Started
•
To keep the dispense system in top condition, flush and purge the fluid lines with
deionized (DI) water every day or upon completion of an assay run, whichever is
more frequent. Some reagents may crystallize or harden after use, clogging the
fluid passageways. Flushing the tubing at the end of each day, letting the DI water
soak them overnight, and then purging the lines at the beginning of each day
ensures optimal performance of the dispense system. See Chapter 5, Preventive
Maintenance for more information.
•
For models with injectors: When dispensing volumes less than or equal to 20
µL/well, we recommend specifying a tip prime volume that is equal to the
dispense volume. For dispense volumes greater than 20 µL/well, we recommend a
tip prime volume of 20 µL.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Chapter 4
Instrument Qualification
This chapter contains procedures for qualifying the initial and
ongoing performance of the Synergy™ HT and the external
dispense module (if used).
Overview ............................................................................ 62
IQ/OQ/PQ ........................................................................... 62
Recommended Qualification Schedule ..................................... 64
System Test ........................................................................ 65
Absorbance Plate Test........................................................... 70
Absorbance Liquid Tests ........................................................ 80
Fluorescence Tests ............................................................... 89
Dispense Module Tests .........................................................102
Dispense Accuracy & Precision Tests Worksheet.......................121
62 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Overview
Every Synergy™ HT reader and external dispense module is fully tested at BioTek prior to
shipment and they should operate properly upon initial setup. If you suspect that a
problem occurred during shipment, if you have received the equipment after returning it
to the factory for service, and/or if regulatory requirements dictate that you qualify the
equipment on a routine basis, you should perform the procedures outlined in this chapter.
This chapter contains BioTek Instruments’ recommended Installation Qualification (IQ),
Operational Qualification (OQ), and Performance Qualification (PQ) procedures for all
models of the Synergy HT Multi-Mode Microplate Reader.
™ A Product Qualification Package (PN 7090521) for the Synergy HT
is available for purchase. The package contains complete procedures
for performing Installation Qualification, Operational Qualification,
Performance Qualification, and Preventive Maintenance procedures.
Microsoft® Excel spreadsheets are provided for performing the
calculations, and checklists, data sheets, and logbooks are provided for
recording results. Contact your local BioTek dealer for more
information.
IQ/OQ/PQ
Installation Qualification confirms that the reader and its components have been
supplied as ordered and ensures that they are assembled and configured properly for your
lab environment.
•
The recommended IQ procedure consists of setting up the instrument and its
components as described in Chapter 2, Installation and performing the System
Test. For models with injectors, a quick “Injector Test” is also performed, to ensure
that the dispense module is properly installed and there are no leaks.
•
The IQ procedure should be performed initially (before the reader is used for the
first time).
•
The successful completion of the IQ procedure verifies that the instrument is
installed correctly. The Operational Qualification procedure should be performed
immediately following the successful IQ (see next page).
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
IQ/OQ/PQ | 63
Operational Qualification confirms that the equipment operates according to
specification initially and over time.
•
The recommended OQ procedure consists of performing the System Test,
Absorbance Plate Test, a series of Liquid Tests, and, if the external dispense
module is used, the Dispense Accuracy and Precision Tests.
•
Your facility’s operating policies may also require that you perform an actual assay
prior to accepting the reader for routine use. If this is the case, you should not use
the data obtained from the first assay run on the reader until you have confirmed
that the package insert criteria have been met.
•
The OQ procedure should be performed initially (before first use) and then
routinely; the recommended interval is annually. It should also be performed after
any major repair or upgrade to the hardware or software.
•
Although out-of-tolerance failures will be detected by the OQ tests, results should
be compared with those from the routine Performance Qualification tests and
previous OQ tests to monitor for trends.
•
The successful completion of the OQ procedure, in combination with results that
are comparable to previous PQ and OQ tests, confirms that the equipment is
operating according to specification initially and over time.
Performance Qualification confirms that the reader consistently meets the
requirements of the tests performed at your laboratory.
•
The recommended PQ procedure consists of performing the System Test,
Absorbance Plate Test, a series of Liquid Tests, and, if the external dispense
module is used, the Dispense Accuracy and Precision Tests.
•
Your facility’s operating policies may also require that you routinely perform an
actual assay, to confirm that the reader will consistently give adequate results for
the assays to be run on it.
•
These tests should be performed routinely; the recommended interval is monthly or
quarterly, depending on the test. This frequency may be adjusted depending on the
trends observed over time.
•
The successful completion of the PQ procedure confirms that the equipment is
performing consistently under normal operating conditions.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
64 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Recommended Qualification Schedule
The following schedule defines the factory-recommended intervals for qualifying a
Synergy™ HT used two to five days a week. The schedule assumes the reader is properly
maintained as outlined in Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance.
IQ
OQ
Initially
Initially/
Annually
Monthly
9
9
9
Absorbance Plate Test
9
9
Liquid Test 1 or Liquid Test 2*
9
9
Liquid Test 3**
9
9
Tests
System Test
PQ
Quarterly
Absorbance Tests
Fluorescence Tests
Corners Test
9
9
Sensitivity/Linearity Tests
9
9
Tests for Injector Models
Injector System Test
Dispense Accuracy and
Precision Tests
9
9
9
* Regarding Liquid Tests 1 and 2:
•
If you have an Absorbance Test Plate, run Liquid Test 1.
•
If you do not have an Absorbance Test Plate, run Liquid Test 2.
** Liquid Test 3 is optional; it is provided for sites requiring verification at
wavelengths lower than those attainable with the Absorbance Test Plate.
Important! The risk factors associated with your assays may
require that the Operational and Performance Qualification
procedures be performed more frequently than shown above.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
System Test | 65
System Test
Description
The System Test begins with a check of the stepper motor-driven transmission axes
within the instrument; each is sequentially homed and verified. The two measurement
systems (Absorbance and Fluorescence) are checked for noise and signal levels. The
incubation system is monitored to make sure all zones have thermistor readings within
expected ranges. The analog power supply levels are measured to make sure all are
within expected limits. A configuration data area in memory is tested to make sure all
of the calibration information is present and checksums correctly.
If any area tests outside of programmed limits, the reader will “beep” and the failure
will be indicated on the test report (generated via Gen5™ or KC4™). The report also
contains the reader’s serial number and the part number and version number of the
basecode software. When the instrument is turned on the System Test automatically
runs, but no report is generated. To run the test and generate a report, you must use
Gen5 or KC4.
The absorbance measurement system is checked using the six wavelengths specified in
the reader’s internal absorbance wavelength table. Before running the test, set these
wavelengths to the ones you most frequently use (if they are not already set). To
view/modify the wavelength table via Gen5/KC4, see the instructions in the Getting
Started chapter.
™ Note: The System Test runs automatically when the instrument is
turned on. If this “power-up” System Test fails, the instrument will
“beep” repeatedly. If this happens, press the carrier eject button to
stop the beeping and then initiate a System Test through Gen5 or KC4
to retrieve the error code.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
66 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Procedure
To run the System Test:
1.
Turn on the reader and launch Gen5™ or KC4™.
2.
If necessary, set Gen5’s or KC4’s wavelength table to the six wavelengths
you most frequently use. See the Getting Started chapter for instructions.
3.
If your assays use incubation, we recommend enabling Temperature
Control and allowing the incubator to reach its set point before running the
System Test. To access this feature, select System|Reader Control and
click the Pre-Heating tab.
4.
Gen5:
Select System|Diagnostics|Run System Test.
KC4:
Select System|Diagnostics|Run Optics Test.
When the Run Optics Test dialog appears, click Start.
™ If the test fails during execution, a message box will appear in the
software. Close the box; the test report will contain the error code
that was generated by the failure.
5.
When the test is complete, a dialog will appear, requesting additional
information. Enter the information (if desired) and then click OK.
6.
The test report will appear. Scroll down toward the bottom of the report; it
will show either “SYSTEM TEST PASS” or “SYSTEM TEST FAIL *** ERROR
(error code) DETECTED.”
7.
Print the report if desired.
8.
¾
A sample test report is shown on the next few pages.
¾
Gen5 and KC4 store the results in a database, so the results can be
retrieved/printed at any time. We recommend that you print and save
the reports to document that the test was performed.
If the test failed, look up the error code in Appendix C, Error Codes to
determine its cause. If the cause is something you can fix, turn off the
reader, fix the problem, and then turn the reader back on and retry the test.
If the test continues to fail, or if the cause is not something you can fix,
contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center (see page 6 for contact
information.)
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
System Test | 67
Gen5 System Test Report
Reader:
Basecode:
Date and Time:
User:
Company:
Comments:
Synergy (Serial Number: 128787
P/N 7090202 (v2.24)
08/08/2008 10:12:58 AM
Administrator
BioTek
System Test run during the IQ
)
Test Results
Operator ID:______________________________________________________________
Notes:____________________________________________________________________
SYSTEM SELF TEST
7090202
Version 2.23
Bias current offset
Offset voltage
750V measurement
750V noise
500V measurement
500V noise
128787
1111 1110
-0.9
1541
90.1
66
4.6
3
PASS
PASS
PASS
counts
counts
counts
counts
counts
counts
Lambda: 200 Gain: 1.80
Channel:
Ref
1
Air:
14235 39595
Dark:
9869
9889
Delta:
4366 29706
Resets: 1
Lambda: 340 Gain: 1.95
Channel:
Ref
1
Air:
12954 39951
Dark:
9871
9885
Delta:
3083 30066
Resets: 2
Lambda: 405 Gain: 1.61
Channel:
Ref
1
Air:
12755 38902
Dark:
9871
9883
Delta:
2884 29019
Resets: 2
Lambda: 550 Gain: 1.63
Channel:
Ref
1
Air:
12783 39796
Dark:
9869
9887
Delta:
2914 29909
Resets: 1
Lambda: 630 Gain: 2.81
Channel:
Ref
1
Air:
12705 39020
Dark:
9868
9896
Delta:
2837 29124
Resets: 1
Lambda: 999 Gain: 4.49
Channel:
Ref
1
Air:
13084 39360
Dark:
9865
9911
Delta:
3219 29449
Resets: 1
Figure 30-1: Sample output for the System Test (Sheet 1 of 3).
The format varies depending on the software used.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
68 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Channel:
Noise Max:
Noise Min:
Delta:
Ref
9866
9865
1
Voltage Reference:
1
9919
9918
1
Lamp
1710
24V
1932
Mtr
2045
Min
1425
Low
1734
High
2157
Max
2465
TR
3333
INCUBATOR SELF TEST
Temperature Setpoint:
Zone
Zone
Zone
Zone
1:
2:
3:
4:
37.0
37.0
37.0
36.9
Min:
Min:
Min:
Min:
37.0
36.9
36.9
36.7
36.9
Current Average: 37.0
Max:
Max:
Max:
Max:
37.0
37.0
37.0
37.0
Range:
Range:
Range:
Range:
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
A/D Test: PASS
Thermistor:
Thermistor:
Thermistor:
Thermistor:
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
AUTOCAL ANALYSIS
PROBE:
Upper
Lower
Lower
Upper
Delta
Delta
Delta
Delta
TOP
Left Corner: x=
Left Corner: x=
Right Corner: x=
Right Corner: x=
1: 9732 - 9720=
2: 1056 - 1044=
3:
356 - 360=
4: 5888 - 5896=
9732
9720
1044
1056
+12
+12
-4
-8
y= 360
y= 5896
y= 5888
y= 356
9724
9716
1040
1040
+8
+0
+8
+4
y=
y=
y=
y=
1844
7376
7380
1852
Left Corner: x= 11244
Left Corner: x= 11232
Right Corner: x= 2544
Right Corner: x= 2552
1: 11244 -11232=
+12
2: 2552 - 2544=
+8
3: 1852 - 1856=
-4
4: 7376 - 7376=
+0
y=
y=
y=
y=
1856
7376
7376
1852
PROBE:
Upper
Lower
Lower
Upper
Delta
Delta
Delta
Delta
BOTTOM
Left Corner: x=
Left Corner: x=
Right Corner: x=
Right Corner: x=
1: 9724 - 9716=
2: 1040 - 1040=
3: 1852 - 1844=
4: 7380 - 7376=
PROBE:
Upper
Lower
Lower
Upper
Delta
Delta
Delta
Delta
ABSORB
Probe Height:
32.48
Middle Sensor:
Tested:
Delta:
y= 11976
11972
-4
Back Sensor:
Tested:
Delta:
x= 11588
11580
-8
y= 7964
7976
+12
Figure 30-2: Sample output for the System Test (Sheet 2 of 3).
The format varies depending on the software used.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
System Test | 69
SYSTEM TEST PASS
0000
Reviewed/Approved By: __________________________________
Date: ________________
For Technical Support
In the U.S.:
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Tel: 800 242 4685
Fax: 802 655 3399
In Europe:
BioTek Instruments GmbH
Tel: 49 (0) 7136-9680
Fax: 49 (0) 7136-968-111
All Others:
Tel: 802 655 4040
Fax: 802 655 3399
email: [email protected]
Product support center: www.biotek.com/service
Figure 30-3: Sample output for the System Test (Sheet 3 of 3).
The format varies depending on the software used.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
70 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Absorbance Plate Test
Description
This test uses BioTek’s Absorbance Test Plate (PN 7260522) to confirm the
mechanical alignment; optical density accuracy, linearity, and repeatability; and
wavelength accuracy of the Synergy™ HT. The Absorbance Plate Test compares the
reader’s optical density and wavelength measurements to NIST-traceable values.
™ An alternate method that may be used to determine accuracy,
linearity, and repeatability is Liquid Test 2, described on page 83.
The Absorbance Plate Test confirms the following:
•
Mechanical Alignment: The Test Plate has precisely machined holes in its
four corners. The amount of light that shines through these holes is an
indication of how well the reader is aligned. A reading of more than 0.015 OD
for any of the designated alignment holes indicates that the light is being
“clipped” and the reader may be out of alignment.
•
Accuracy/Linearity: The Test Plate contains neutral-density glass filters of
known OD values at several wavelengths. Actual measurements are compared
against the expected values provided in the Test Plate’s Standards Certificate.
Since there are several filters with differing OD values, the accuracy across a
range of ODs can be established. Once it is proven that the reader is accurate at
these OD values, the reader is also considered to be linear.
•
Repeatability: This test ensures the reader meets its repeatability specification
by reading each neutral-density filter on the Test Plate twice with the filter in
the same location.
•
Wavelength Accuracy: BioTek’s Absorbance Test Plate with the part number
7260522 contains a glass filter in position C6. This filter is used to check the
wavelength accuracy of the reader. The filter is scanned across a specified
wavelength range in 1-nm increments. The wavelength of maximum
absorbance is compared to the expected peak wavelength supplied on the Test
Plate’s certificate.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Plate Test | 71
Test Plate Certificates
To run this test on the Synergy™ HT, you’ll need BioTek’s 7-Filter Absorbance Test
Plate (PN 7260522), with its accompanying certificates.
•
The Standards Certificate contains standard OD values for the filters at several
different wavelengths (see the sample below).
•
The Peak Wavelength Certificate contains one or more “Peak Wavelength”
values for the glass filter in position C6 on the plate. Each value has a valid test
range associated with it. For example, a Peak Wavelength value may be 586 nm
with a test range of 580 to 590 nm (or tolerance values of -6/+4).
This test plate can be used for testing the reproducibility, linearity, and
alignment of your BioTek autoreader. The following calibration data has
been recorded by a N.I.S.T. traceable spectrophotometer.
WAVELENGTH (nm)
Well
405nm
450nm
490nm
550nm
620nm
630nm
690nm
750nm
C1
0.147
0.140
0.135
0.130
0.136
0.136
0.127
0.134
E2
0.618
0.575
0.574
0.568
0.573
0.568
0.485
0.434
G3
1.133
1.052
1.051
1.040
SAM
P L1.050
E
1.040
0.881
0.783
H6
1.701
1.578
1.577
1.560
1.575
1.560
1.323
1.179
F5
2.279
2.024
1.976
1.956
1.893
1.865
1.537
1.272
D4
2.945
2.604
2.545
2.513
2.437
2.400
1.972
1.632
Set # 2453
Serial # 161259
Figure 31: Sample Standards Certificate, showing OD/Wavelength combinations
for each of six locations on the Absorbance Test Plate
Before the Absorbance Plate Test can be performed, the standard OD values and
the peak wavelength value(s) must be entered into Gen5™ or KC4™.
Instructions for defining the Test Plate’s characteristics and for running the test are
provided for both Gen5 and KC4 on the following pages.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
72 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Setup: Gen5™
To define the Absorbance Test Plate parameters using Gen5:
™ Note: The Gen5 Reader Diagnostics Utility must be installed.
1.
Obtain the certificates that came with the Test Plate.
2.
Start Gen5 and select System|Diagnostics|Test Plates|Add/Modify
Plates.
3.
Click Add. The Absorbance Test Plate dialog will appear.
4.
Select the appropriate Plate Type and enter the plate’s Serial Number.
5.
Enter the Last Certification and Next Certification dates from the
calibration sticker on the Test Plate.
6.
If the wavelength values in the top row of the grid are appropriate for your
tests, carefully enter the OD values from the Standards Certificate into the
grid. Make sure you enter the correct value for each well/wavelength
combination.
•
If you need to change the wavelength values, click the Wavelength
List button. Click Gen5’s Help button for assistance.
7.
Select the number of Peak Wavelength tests to run (1 to 4), based on the
number of peak wavelength values provided on the Peak Wavelength
Certificate.
8.
Enter the Expected Peak value(s) from the 2.4 nm Spectral Bandpass
column of the Peak Wavelength Certificate. Select 1–4 Peak Wavelengths in
the range that the instrument is typically operated.
Note: For certificates that have only one peak wavelength and a fixed
wavelength range of 580 to 590 nm, enter the Expected Peak wavelength
value and adjust the Test Range values so the range displayed in
parentheses is 580 to 590 (as demonstrated above).
9.
Review all of the values you entered, and then click OK to save the data.
The information you just entered will be available in Gen5 each time the
Absorbance Plate Test is performed.
The information must be updated whenever the Test Plate is recalibrated.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Plate Test | 73
Procedure: Gen5™
To run the Absorbance Plate Test using Gen5:
1.
In Gen5, select System|Diagnostics|Test Plates|Run.
2.
If prompted, select the desired Test Plate and click OK.
3.
When the Absorbance Test Plate Options dialog appears, check Perform
Peak Wavelength Test if it is not already checked.
4.
Highlight the wavelength(s) to be included in this test.
•
Note: You need to select only those wavelengths most appropriate for
your use of the reader.
5.
(Optional) Enter any Comments.
6.
Click Start Test.
7.
Place the Test Plate in the microplate carrier so that well A1 is in the left
rear corner of the carrier (as you are facing the carrier).
8.
Click OK to run the test.
9.
When the test completes, the results report will appear. Scroll down
through the report; every result should show ‘PASS’. See page 78 for
information on results and troubleshooting tips in the event of failures.
•
A sample test report is shown on pages 76 and 77.
•
Gen5 stores the results in a database; they can be retrieved and printed
at any time. We recommend you print and save the report to document
that the test was performed.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
74 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Setup: KC4™
To define the Absorbance Test Plate parameters using KC4:
1.
Obtain the certificates that came with the Test Plate.
2.
Launch KC4 and select System|Diagnostics|Define Universal Plates.
Note: The terms “Universal Plate” and “Absorbance Plate” are equivalent.
3.
Click Add. The Edit Universal Plate dialog will appear.
4.
Select the appropriate Plate Type and enter the plate’s Serial Number.
5.
If the wavelength values in the top row of the grid are appropriate for your
tests, carefully enter the standard OD values from the Standards Certificate
into the grid. Be sure to enter the correct value for each well/wavelength
combination.
•
6.
If you need to change the wavelength values, click the Wavelength
List button. Click KC4’s Help button for assistance.
Enter the Peak Wavelength value from the Peak Wavelength Certificate.
•
Note: If the certificate specifies multiple peak wavelength values, you
will need to run an independent test using spectral scan reads. KC4
supports the entry of only one Peak Wavelength value, and it must be in
the range of 580 to 590 nm. See the special instructions on the next page.
7.
Review all of the values you entered, and then click OK to save the data.
The information you just entered will be available in KC4 each time the
Absorbance Plate Test is performed.
Procedure: KC4™
To run the Absorbance Plate Test using KC4:
1.
Place the Test Plate in the carrier so the well A1 is in the left rear corner of
the carrier (as you are facing the carrier).
2.
In KC4, select System|Diagnostics|Run Universal Plate Test.
3.
Enter or select the instrument’s Serial Number.
4.
Select the desired Test Plate.
5.
Check Peak Absorbance Search.
•
Note: If the Test Plate’s Peak Wavelength Certificate specifies multiple
peak wavelength values, do not check ‘Peak Absorbance Search’. Run an
independent test using spectral scan reads instead; see the special
instructions on the next page.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Plate Test | 75
6.
Select the Wavelength(s) to be included in this test by clicking in the Test
column to toggle Yes/No.
•
Note: You need to select only those wavelengths most appropriate for
your use of the reader.
•
If “N/A” appears for a wavelength you wish to test, update KC4’s
Wavelengths table to include it (System|Readers|Filters/
Wavelengths).
7.
Enter or select the Operator, and enter any Comments.
8.
Click Run Test to begin.
•
A sample test report is shown on the next two pages.
•
KC4 stores the results in a database, and they can be retrieved and
printed at any time. We recommend you print and save the reports to
document that the test was performed.
Performing Peak Absorbance Tests Using Spectral Scan Reads
To create and run a KC4 spectral scan protocol to perform an independent Peak
Absorbance Test:
Note: Create one protocol per Peak Wavelength value to be tested.
1.
Open the Reading Parameters dialog and select the Spectrum Reading
Type and the Absorbance Detection Method.
2.
Set the Start and Stop wavelength values to define the test range specified
in the Test Plate’s Peak Wavelength certificate (e.g., perform the scan from
580 to 590 nm).
3.
Set the Step (increment) value to 1 nm.
4.
Set the Plate Type to 96 WELL PLATE and read well C6.
5.
Save the protocol.
6.
Perform a read of the Absorbance Test Plate using this protocol.
7.
Locate the peak wavelength on the graph (the wavelength value with the
highest OD). Verify that it is within the allowed tolerance; see “Results &
Troubleshooting Tips” on page 78.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
76 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Absorbance Test Plate Results
Reader:
Basecode:
Date and Time:
Absorbance Plate:
Last Plate Certification:
Next Plate Certification Due:
User:
Comments:
Synergy (Serial Number: 128787)
P/N 7090202 (v2.24)
08/08/2008 03:03:36 PM
7 Filter Test Plate (P/N 7260522) - S/N 161259
January 2008
January 2009
Administrator
Test performed during Initial OQ
Peak Absorbance Results
Well
Reference
Tolerance
Read
Result
C6
586
3
587
PASS
Alignment Results
Wells
Read
Tolerance
Result
A1
0.001
0.015
PASS
A12
0.002
0.015
PASS
H1
0.001
0.015
PASS
H12
0.002
0.015
PASS
E2
0.618
0.586
0.650
0.615
PASS
G3
1.133
1.090
1.176
1.128
PASS
H6
1.701
1.647
1.755
1.696
PASS
F5
2.279
2.168
2.390
2.284
PASS
D4
2.945
2.807
3.083
2.908
PASS
E2
0.615
0.604
0.626
0.615
PASS
G3
1.128
1.112
1.144
1.128
PASS
H6
1.696
1.674
1.718
1.695
PASS
F5
2.284
2.210
2.358
2.285
PASS
D4
2.908
2.816
3.000
2.903
PASS
E2
0.568
0.537
0.599
0.566
PASS
G3
1.040
0.999
1.081
1.037
PASS
H6
1.560
1.509
1.611
1.557
PASS
F5
1.865
1.808
1.922
1.866
PASS
D4
2.400
2.284
2.516
2.385
PASS
Wavelength = 405 nm
Accuracy Results
Wells
Reference
Min Limit
Max Limit
Read 1
Result
C1
0.147
0.124
0.170
0.144
PASS
Repeatability Results
Wells
Read 1
Min Limit
Max Limit
Read 2
Result
C1
0.144
0.138
0.150
0.144
PASS
Wavelength = 630 nm
Accuracy Results
Wells
Reference
Min Limit
Max Limit
Read 1
Result
C1
0.136
0.113
0.159
0.134
PASS
Figure 32-1: Sample output for the Absorbance Plate Test (page 1 of 2). Note: The format varies
depending on the software used to run the test.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Plate Test | 77
Repeatability Results
Wells
Read 1
Min Limit
Max Limit
Read 2
Result
C1
0.134
0.128
0.140
0.135
PASS
E2
0.566
0.555
0.577
0.566
PASS
G3
1.037
1.022
1.052
1.037
PASS
H6
1.557
1.536
1.578
1.558
PASS
F5
1.866
1.842
1.890
1.867
PASS
D4
2.385
2.308
2.462
2.385
PASS
Reviewed/Approved By: _______________________________________
Date: ________________
For Technical Support
In the U.S.:
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Tel: 800 242 4685
Fax: 802 655 3399
In Europe:
BioTek Instruments GmbH
Tel: 49 (0) 7136-9680
Fax: 49 (0) 7136-968-111
All Others:
Tel: 802 655 4040
Fax: 802 655 3399
email: [email protected]
Product support center: www.biotek.com/service
Figure 32-2: Sample output for the Absorbance Plate Test (page 2 of 2). Note: The format varies
depending on the software used to run the test.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
78 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Results & Troubleshooting Tips
The Absorbance Test Plate Report contains results for the following:
•
Peak Absorbance: When the test is performed, the C6 filter is scanned at the
test range(s) defined by the user in the Absorbance Test Plate dialog. To verify
wavelength accuracy, the wavelength of the maximum absorbance is compared
with the peak wavelength value entered in the software, which comes from the
Peak Wavelength Certificate supplied with the Test Plate. The accuracy of the
wavelength should be ± 3 nm (± 2 nm instrument, ± 1 nm filter allowance).
If the reader fails this test, review the following possible problems and
solutions:
•
¾
Verify that the Test Plate actually has a filter in location C6. (Test Plates
with the part number 9000547 do not have this filter.)
¾
Check the C6 filter to make sure it is clean. If needed, clean it with lens
paper. Important! Do not remove the filter from the Test Plate, and do
not use alcohol or other cleaning agents.
¾
Make sure the information entered into Gen5™ or KC4™ matches the
information on the Test Plate’s Peak Wavelength Certificate.
¾
Make sure the Test Plate is within its calibration certification period. The
calibration sticker is affixed directly to the plate. If it is out of date,
contact BioTek to schedule a recertification.
¾
Check the microplate carrier to ensure it is clear of debris.
Alignment: This portion of the test measures the alignment of the microplate
carrier with the optical path. A reading greater than 0.015 OD represents an
out-of-alignment condition. Wells A01, A12, H01, and H12 are the only valid
alignment holes for the reader on the PN 7260522 Test Plate.
If the reader fails this test, review the following possible problems and
solutions:
•
¾
Ensure that the Test Plate is correctly seated in the microplate carrier.
¾
Check the four alignment holes (A01, A12, H01, H12) to ensure they are
clear of debris.
¾
Check the microplate carrier to ensure it is clear of debris.
Accuracy: Accuracy is a measure of the optical density of Test Plate wells C01,
D04, E02, F05, G03, and H06 as compared with known standard values
contained in the Standards Certificate that accompanies each Test Plate.
If the reader fails this test, review the following possible problems and
solutions:
¾
Check the neutral-density filters on the Test Plate to ensure they are
clean. If necessary, clean them with lens paper. Do not remove the filters
from the test plate, and do not use alcohol or other cleaning agents.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Plate Test | 79
•
¾
Verify that the filter calibration values entered in Gen5™ or KC4™ are
the same as those on the Test Plate’s Standards Certificate.
¾
Verify that the Test Plate is within its calibration certification period. The
calibration sticker is affixed directly to the plate. If it is out of date,
contact BioTek to schedule a recertification.
Repeatability: Repeatability is a measure of the instrument’s ability to read
the same well with minimum variation between two reads with the well in the
same location.
If the reader fails this test, review the following possible problems and
solutions:
¾
Check the neutral-density filters on the Test Plate to ensure there is no
debris that may have shifted between readings and caused changes.
¾
Check the microplate carrier to ensure it is clear of debris.
Linearity of the optical density readings is confirmed by default if the optical
density readings are accurate. To further verify this, perform a regression analysis
on the Test Plate OD values in a program such as Microsoft® Excel as follows:
1.
Launch Excel.
2.
Create a spreadsheet and label one column “Assigned” and the next column
“Observed.”
3.
Enter the Assigned OD data for each glass filter in the first column from
the Standards Certificate provided with the Test Plate. (Analyze one
wavelength at a time.)
4.
Enter the Observed OD values for the same glass filters in the adjacent
column.
5.
Under Tools, select Data Analysis and then Regression. Define the
Assigned values as the “Input Y Range” and the Observed OD as the “Input
X Range.”
™ Note: If the Data Analysis command is not available on the
Tools menu, you may need to install the Analysis ToolPak in
Microsoft Excel. Consult Microsoft Excel Help for assistance.
6.
Click OK and the Summary Output sheet will be displayed. An R Square
value of at least 0.990 is expected.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
80 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Absorbance Liquid Tests
Conducting Liquid Tests confirms the Synergy™ HT’s ability to perform to specification
with liquid samples. Liquid testing differs from testing with the Absorbance Test Plate in
that liquid in the wells has a meniscus, whereas the Test Plate’s neutral density glass filters
do not. The optics characteristics may differ in these two cases, thus alerting the operator
to different types of problems.
•
Liquid Test 1 confirms repeatability and alignment of the reader when a solution
is used in the microplate. If these tests pass, then the lens placement and optical
system cleanliness are proven.
•
Liquid Test 2 can be used to test the alignment, repeatability, and accuracy of the
reader if an Absorbance Test Plate is not available.
•
Liquid Test 3 is provided for sites requiring proof of linearity at wavelengths
lower than those attainable with the Absorbance Test Plate. This test is optional
because the reader has good “front end” linearity throughout its wavelength range.
For Liquid Tests 1 and 2, the tester is instructed to prepare the stock dye solution described
on the next page. The purpose of the formulation is to create a solution that absorbs light
at ~2.0 OD full strength when dispensed at 200 μL in a flat-bottom microplate well.
Alternatively, any solution that gives a stable color will suffice. (This includes substrates
incubated with an enzyme preparation and then stopped with an acidic or basic solution.)
Some enzyme/substrate combinations that may be used as alternates to the described dye
are shown below:
Table 1: Typical Enzyme-Substrate Combinations and Stopping Solutions
Enzyme
Substrate
Stopping Solution
Alkaline
Phosphate
o-nitrophenyl phosphate
3N sodium hydroxide
betaGalactosidase
o-nitrophenyl -beta-D
galactopyranoside
1M sodium carbonate
Peroxidase
2,2'-Azino di-ethylbenzothiazolinesulfonic acid (ABTS)
citrate-phosphate buffer, pH 2.8
Peroxidase
o-phenylenediamine
0.03N sulfuric acid
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Liquid Tests | 81
Stock Solution Formulation
The stock solution for Liquid Tests 1 and 2 may be formulated from the ingredients
listed below (“A”), or by diluting a dye solution available from BioTek (“B”).
™ Either set of instructions should create a solution with an absorbance
of about 2.0 when using 200 µL in a flat-bottom microwell. The OD
value result will be proportional to the volume in the well and the
amount of FD&C No. 5 dye used. You can use a larger or smaller well
volume, or add more dye or water to adjust the solution. Note that too
small a well volume may result in increased pipetting-related errors.
Solution A
Required Materials:
•
Deionized water
•
FD&C Yellow No. 5 dye powder (typically 90% pure)
•
Tween® 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate) or BioTek wetting
agent (PN 7773002)
•
Precision balance with capacity of 100 g minimum and readability of 0.001 g
•
Weigh boat
•
1-liter volumetric flask
Procedure:
1.
Weigh out 0.092 g of FD&C yellow No. 5 dye powder into a weigh boat.
2.
Rinse the contents into a 1-liter volumetric flask.
3.
Add 0.5 mL of Tween 20, or 5 mL of BioTek’s wetting agent.
4.
Make up to 1 liter with DI water; cap and shake well.
Solution B
Required Materials:
•
BioTek QC Check Solution No. 1 (PN 7120779, 25 mL; or PN 7120782, 125 mL)
•
Deionized water
•
5-mL Class A volumetric pipette
•
100-mL volumetric flask
Procedure:
1.
Pipette a 5-mL aliquot of BioTek QC Check Solution No. 1 into a 100-mL
volumetric flask.
2.
Make up to 100 mL with DI water; cap and shake well.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
82 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Liquid Test 1
This procedure confirms repeatability and alignment, and will reveal any problems
with the reader’s optics.
™ A 96-well, flat-bottom microplate is required for this test (Corning
Costar® #3590 is recommended). Be sure to use a new microplate,
because fingerprints or scratches may cause variations in readings.
1.
Using freshly prepared stock solution (Solution A or B on the previous
page), prepare a 1:2 dilution using deionized water (one part stock, one part
deionized water; the resulting solution is a 1:2 dilution).
2.
Pipette 200 µL of the concentrated solution into the first column of wells
in the microplate.
3.
Pipette 200 µL of the diluted solution into the second column of wells.
™ After pipetting the diluted test solution into the microplate and
before reading the plate, we strongly recommend shaking the
plate at Variable speed for four minutes. This will allow any air
bubbles in the solution to settle and the meniscus to stabilize.
Alternatively, wait 20 minutes after pipetting the diluted test
solution before reading the plate.
4.
Using Gen5™ or KC4™, read the microplate five times at 405 nm using the
Normal read mode, single wavelength, no blanking. Save the data after
each read (“Normal” plate position).
5.
Without delay, rotate the microplate 180 degrees so that well A1 is in the
“H12” position. Read the plate five more times, saving the data after each
read. (“Turnaround” plate position.)
6.
Print out the ten sets of raw data, or export them to an Excel spreadsheet.
Data Reduction:
7.
Calculate the mean value for each physical well location in columns 1 and 2
for the five plates read in the Normal position, and then again for the five
plates read in the Turnaround position. This will result in 32 mean values.
8.
Perform a mathematical comparison of the mean values for each microwell
in its Normal and Turnaround positions (that is, compare A1 to H12, A2 to
H11, B1 to G12,… H2 to A11). To pass this test, the differences in the
compared mean values must be within the accuracy specification for the
instrument.
Example: If the mean value for well A1 in the Normal position is 1.902 with a
specified accuracy of ± 1.0% ± 0.010 OD, then the expected range for the
mean of the same well in its Turnaround (H12) position is 1.873 to 1.931 OD.
1.902 x 0.010 + 0.010 = 0.029; 1.902 - 0.029 = 1.873; 1.902 + 0.029 = 1.931
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Liquid Tests | 83
•
Accuracy Specification. The following accuracy specifications are
applied using Normal mode and a 96-well microplate:
± 1.0% ± 0.010 OD from 0.000 to 2.000 OD
± 3.0% ± 0.010 OD from 2.000 OD to 3.000 OD
Liquid Test 2
The recommended method for testing the instrument’s alignment, repeatability, and
accuracy is to use the Absorbance Test Plate (see page 70). If the Test Plate is not
available, however, Liquid Test 2 can be used for these tests.
Required Materials
•
A new 96-well, flat-bottom microplate, such as Corning Costar® #3590
•
Ten test tubes, numbered consecutively, set up in a rack
•
Calibrated hand pipette (Class A volumetric pipette recommended)
•
Stock solution A or B (see page 81)
•
A 0.05% solution of deionized water and Tween® 20
Prepare the Dilutions
Refer to the table below and:
•
Create a percentage dilution series, beginning with 100% of the original
concentrated stock solution (A or B) in the first tube, 90% of the original
solution in the second tube, 80% in the third tube, all the way to 10% in the
tenth tube.
•
Dilute using the 0.05% solution of deionized water and Tween 20.
Table 2: Test Tube Dilutions for Liquid Test 2
Tube Number:
Volume of Original
Concentrated Solution (mL)
Volume of 0.05% Tween
Solution (mL)
Absorbance expected if original
solution is 2.0 at 200 µL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
™ Note: The choice of dilutions and the absorbance of the original
solution can be varied. Use Table 2 as a model for calculating the
expected absorbances of a series of dilutions, given a different
absorbance of the original solution.
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9
10
84 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Prepare the Plate
•
Pipette 200 µL of the concentrated solution from Tube 1 into each well of the
first column, A1 to H1, of a new flat-bottom microplate.
•
Pipette 200 µL from each of the remaining tubes into the wells of the
corresponding column of the microplate (Tube 2 into wells A2 to H2, Tube 3
into wells A3 to H3, and so on).
Linearity & Repeatability Tests
1.
Using Gen5™ or KC4™, read the microplate prepared above five times
using Normal mode, dual wavelength at 450/630 nm. Save the data after
each read.
¾
Tip: When you create a dual wavelength protocol in KC4, KC4
automatically generates a multi-plate transformation for calculating the
delta OD. The name of the resulting data set is ‘Delta OD’.
™ Do not discard the plate; you will use it for the Alignment test.
2.
Print out the five sets of Delta OD data, or export them to an Excel
spreadsheet.
Data Reduction for Linearity:
3.
Calculate the mean absorbance for each well, and average the means for
each concentration.
4.
Perform a regression analysis on the data to determine if there is adequate
linearity. For example, using Microsoft® Excel:
¾
In a spreadsheet, create two columns labeled ‘X’ and ‘Y’. Reference
Table 2 on the previous page; enter the actual absorbance values in
column X, and enter the expected absorbance values in column Y.
¾
Select Tools|Data Analysis|Regression. Identify column X as the
‘Input X Range’ and column Y as the ‘Input Y Range.’
¾
Click OK to perform the analysis, the results of which will be output in a
separate sheet.
¾
Note: If the Data Analysis command is not available on the Tools menu,
you may need to install the Analysis ToolPak in Excel. Consult Excel’s
help system for assistance.
Since it is somewhat difficult to achieve high pipetting accuracy when
conducting linear dilutions, an R Square value of at least 0.99 is considered
adequate.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Liquid Tests | 85
Data Reduction for Repeatability:
5.
Calculate the mean and standard deviation for the five readings taken
above at each concentration. Only one row of data needs to be analyzed.
6.
For each mean below 2.000 OD, calculate the allowed deviation using the
repeatability specification for a 96-well plate of ± 1.0% ± 0.005 OD. If above
2.000 OD, apply the ± 3.0% ± 0.005 specification.
7.
The standard deviation for each set of readings should be less than the
allowed deviation.
Example: Absorbance readings of 1.950, 1.948, 1.955, 1.952, and 1.950 will
result in a mean of 1.951, and a standard deviation of 0.0026. The mean
(1.951) multiplied by 1.0% (1.951 x 0.010) = 0.0195, which, when added to
the 0.005 (0.0195 + 0.005) = 0.0245 OD, which is the allowable deviation.
Since the standard deviation is less than this value, the reader meets the test
criteria.
•
Repeatability Specification:
± 1.0% ± 0.005 OD from 0.000 to 2.000 OD
± 3.0% ± 0.005 OD from 2.000 OD to 3.000 OD
Alignment Test
1.
Using the plate prepared for the Linearity Test on the previous page,
conduct a Turnaround test by reading the plate five times with the A1 well
in the H12 position. Save the data after each read.
This test results in values for the four corner wells that can be used to
determine alignment.
2.
Calculate the means of the wells A1 and H1 in the Normal plate position
(data from Linearity Test) and in the Turnaround position (from Step 1
above).
3.
Compare the mean reading for well A1 to its mean reading when in the H12
position. Next, compare the mean values for the H1 well to the same well in
the A12 position. The difference in the values for any two corresponding
wells should be within the accuracy specification for the instrument.
Example: If the mean of well A1 in the normal position is 1.902, where the
specified accuracy is ± 1.0% ± 0.010 OD, then the expected range for the
mean of the same well in the H12 position is 1.873 to 1.931 OD. (1.902 x
1.0% = 0.019 + 0.010 = 0.029, which is added and subtracted from 1.902 for
the range.)
If the four corner wells are within the accuracy range, the reader is in
alignment.
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86 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Liquid Test 3
This procedure verifies operation of the Synergy™ HT at 340 nm, and is provided for
sites requiring proof of linearity at wavelengths lower than those attainable with the
Absorbance Test Plate. This test is optional because the reader has good “front end”
linearity throughout its wavelength range.
Required Materials
•
New 96-well, flat-bottom microplate (Corning Costar® #3590 is
recommended)
•
Calibrated hand-pipette(s)
•
Beakers and graduated cylinder
•
Precision balance with readability to 0.01 g
•
Buffer Solution below
™ Read a sample of the buffer solution at 340 nm. This solution should
have an optical density of approximately 0.700 to 1.000. This value is
not critical, but it should be within this range.
™ If low, adjust up by adding β-NADH powder until the solution is at
least at the lower end of this range. Do not adjust if slightly high.
Buffer Solution (Sigma PBS Solution)
•
Deionized water
•
Phosphate-Buffered Saline (PBS), pH 7.2–7.6, Sigma® tablets, #P4417
(or equivalent)
•
β-NADH Powder (β-Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, Reduced Form)
Sigma® bulk catalog number N 8129, or preweighed 10-mg vials, Sigma
number N6785-10VL (or BioTek PN 98233). Note: Manufacturer part
numbers are subject to change over time.
™ Store the β-NADH Powder according to the guidelines on its packaging.
1.
Prepare a PBS solution from the Sigma tablets.
2.
In a beaker, mix 50 mL of the PBS solution with 10 mg of the β-NADH
powder and mix thoroughly. This is the Sigma PBS Solution.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Absorbance Liquid Tests | 87
Procedure
™ In this procedure, the prepared stock buffer solution B is referred to as
the 100% Test Solution.
1.
Carefully prepare a 75% Test Solution by diluting 15 mL of the 100%
Test Solution:
•
2.
Carefully prepare a 50% Test Solution by diluting 10 mL of the 100%
Test Solution:
•
3.
If using the Sigma PBS Solution, use 5 mL as the diluent.
If using the Sigma PBS Solution, use 10 mL as the diluent.
Carefully pipette the three solutions into a new 96-well microplate:
•
150 µL of the 100% Test Solution into all wells of columns 1 and 2
•
150 µL of the 75% Test Solution into all wells of columns 3 and 4
•
150 µL of the 50% Test Solution into all wells of column 5 and 6
4.
Using Gen5™ or KC4™, read the microplate five times using Normal mode,
single wavelength at 340 nm, no blanking. Save the data after each read.
5.
Print out the five sets of raw data, or export them to an Excel spreadsheet.
Data Reduction for Repeatability:
6.
For each well, calculate the mean and standard deviation of the five
readings.
7.
For each mean calculated in step 6, calculate the allowed deviation using
the repeatability specification for a 96-well plate of ±1.0% ± 0.005 OD
(Mean x 0.010 ± 0.005).
8.
For each well, compare the standard deviation calculated in step 6 with the
allowed deviation calculated in step 7. The standard deviation should be
less than the allowed deviation.
Example: Five readings in well A1 of 0.802, 0.802, 0.799, 0.798, and 0.801
will result in a mean of 0.8004 and a standard deviation of 0.0018. The mean
multiplied by 1.0% (0.8004 * 0.010) equals 0.008, and when added to the
0.005 (0.008 + 0.005) equals 0.013, which is the allowed deviation for well
A1. Since the standard deviation for well A1 is less than 0.013, the well
meets the test criteria.
•
Repeatability Specification:
± 1.0% ± 0.005 OD from 0.000 to 2.000 OD
± 3.0% ± 0.005 OD from 2.000 OD to 3.000 OD
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88 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Data Reduction for Linearity:
9.
For each of the three Test Solutions, calculate the mean absorbance for the
wells containing that solution (mean of wells A1 to H2, A3 to H4, and A5 to
H6).
10. Perform a regression analysis on the data to determine if there is adequate
linearity. For example, using Microsoft® Excel:
¾
In a spreadsheet, enter the three mean values in ascending order and
label the column as the ‘Y’ values. Enter 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00 and label the
column as the ‘X’ values.
¾
Select Tools|Data Analysis|Regression to open the Regression
dialog. Set “Input Y Range” to reference the above-mentioned Y values,
and set “Input X Range” to reference the above-mentioned X values.
¾
Click OK to perform the analysis, the results of which will be output in a
separate sheet.
¾
Note: If the Data Analysis command is not available on the Tools menu,
you may need to install the Analysis ToolPak in Excel. Consult Excel’s
help system for assistance.
Since it is somewhat difficult to achieve high pipetting accuracy when
conducting linear dilutions, an R Square value of at least 0.99 is considered
adequate.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 89
Fluorescence Tests
The Corners Test uses fluorescent compounds to verify that the plate carrier is properly
aligned in relation to the optical probe(s). (Because the Synergy™ HT’s fluorescence optics
are different from the absorbance optics, the Corners Test is also required.) We
recommend running the test for both the top and bottom probes (if equipped).
The Sensitivity Test uses fluorescent compounds of varying concentrations to test the
fluorescence reading capability of the reader. The ability to detect specific compounds at
low concentrations ensures that the filters, optical path, and PMT are all in working order.
This test verifies that the difference between the means of wells with known lower limits
of concentration of the substance under investigation is statistically distinguishable from
the mean of wells with pure diluent.
The Linearity Test verifies that the system is linear; that is, signal changes proportionally
with changes in concentration. Proving that the system is linear allows the Sensitivity Test
to be run on two points instead of using serial dilutions.
Important! The tests presented in this section require specific
microplates, solutions, and EX/EM filters. Your laboratory
may require a deviation from some of these tests. For example,
you may wish to use a different fluorescing solution and/or
microplate.
If deviation from the tests as presented in this section is
required, the following steps should be taken the first time
each test is run (e.g., during the Initial OQ):
1. Perform the tests exactly as described on the following
pages.
2. Rerun the tests using your particular solutions, filters,
microplates, etc. If results are comparable, then the results
from these tests will be your baseline for future tests.
3. Be sure to document your new test procedure(s), and save
all test results.
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90 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Required Materials
™ Microplates should be perfectly clean and free of dust or bottom
scratches. Use new microplates from sealed packages.
™ Manufacturer part numbers are subject to change over time.
™ Methylumbelliferone can be used as an alternative or supplemental
method for performing these tests for the top probe. See the
instructions starting on page 98.
•
Buffer:
¾ NIST-traceable Sodium Borate Reference Standard (pH 9.18) (e.g., FisherScientific 1 L Sodium Borate Mfr. #159532, or equivalent), OR
¾ Phosphate-Buffered Saline (PBS), pH 7.2-7.6 (e.g., Sigma® tablets, Mfr.
#P4417, or equivalent) and pH meter or pH indicator strips with pH range 4
to 10
•
Sodium Fluorescein Powder (1 mg vial, BioTek PN 98155)
•
Bottom optics: A clean Hellma® Quartz 96-well titration plate (Mfr.
#730.009.QG), or equivalent, such as the 96-well glass-bottom Greiner
SensoPlate™ (Mfr. #655892).
•
Top optics: A new, clean, 96-well solid black microplate, such as Corning®
Costar Mfr. #3915. The Hellma Quartz plate described above can also be used.
•
Excitation filter 485/20 nm and Emission filter 528/20 nm installed
•
Deionized or distilled water
•
Various beakers, graduated cylinders, and pipettes
•
pH meter or pH indicator strips with pH range 4 to 10
•
95% Ethanol (for cleaning the bottoms of the plates)
•
Aluminum foil
•
(Optional, but recommended) 0.45 micron filter
•
(Optional) Black polyethylene bag(s) to temporarily store plate(s)
•
Gen5™ users: ‘Synergy HT FI_B.prt’ and ‘Synergy HT FI_T.prt’ protocols
described on page 95
•
KC4™ users: ‘Synergy HT FI_B.prt’ and ‘Synergy HT FI_T.prt’ protocols
described on page 96
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 91
Test Solutions
Filter the solutions to remove particulates that could cause
erroneous readings. Do not allow dust to settle on the surface of
the solution; use plate covers or seals when not reading the plate.
If using BioTek’s sodium fluorescein powder (PN 98155), be sure
to hold the vial upright and open it carefully; the material may be
concentrated at the top. If a centrifuge is available, spin down the
tube before opening.
When diluting the sodium fluorescein powder in buffer, it takes
time for the powder to completely dissolve. Allow the solution to
dissolve for 4 to 5 minutes, with intermittent vortexing, before
preparing the titration dyes.
Wrap the vial containing the SF stock solution in foil to prevent
exposure to light. Discard the unused solution after seven days.
Discard any open, unused buffer solution after seven days.
1. The Sodium Borate solution does not require further preparation; proceed to
step 2. If you are using PBS, prepare the solution now:
•
(Optional, but recommended) Using a 0.45-micron filter, filter 200 mL of
deionized or distilled water.
•
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on the PBS packaging to create
200 mL, dissolving the necessary amount of PBS into the filtered water.
•
Stir the solution (preferably using a stir table) until the PBS is completely
dissolved.
•
Check the pH; it should be between 7.2 and 7.6 at 25°C.
2. Prepare the sodium fluorescein stock solution:
Add 2.0 mL of the PBS solution to the 1 mg Sodium Fluorescein (SF) vial.
This yields a 1.32 nM stock solution. Ensure that the dye has completely
dissolved and is well mixed.
3. Carefully prepare the dilutions. Label each with “SF” and the concentration:
Mix this SF solution:
with buffer:
to make:
0.53 mL of 1.32 nM stock solution
13.47 mL
50.2 μM
110 µL of 50.2 μM solution
13.89 mL
400 nM
3.5 mL of 400 nM solution
10.5 mL
100 nM
0.46 mL of 100 nM solution
13.54 mL
3.3 nM
4.24 mL of 3.3 nM solution
9.76 mL
1 nM
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Corners Test
Sensitivity/Linearity Tests
92 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Procedure
1. Create the Gen5 protocols (see page 95) or KC4 protocols (see page 96).
2. Prepare the test solutions (see page 91).
3. Perform the tests using the Bottom optics:
•
Pipette the solutions for the Corners, Sensitivity, and Linearity Tests into a
clean 96-well quartz or glass-bottom microplate (see the map on page 94).
•
Read the plate using the ‘Synergy HT FI_B.prt’ protocol.
4. Perform the tests using the Top optics:
•
Pipette the solutions for the Corners, Sensitivity, and Linearity Tests into a new
96-well solid black or quartz microplate (see the map on page 94).
•
Read the plate using the ‘Synergy HT FI_T.prt’ protocol.
5. Save and/or print the measurement data.
6. Calculate and analyze the results as described below.
Results Analysis
Corners Test
1. Calculate the Mean of the twelve wells containing the 3.3 nM SF test solution
(A1-A3, A10-A12, H1-H3, H10-H12).
2. Calculate the Standard Deviation of the same twelve wells.
3. Calculate the % CV: (Standard Deviation/Mean) * 100
The % CV must be less than 3.0 to pass.
Sensitivity Test
1. Calculate the Mean and Standard Deviation for the buffer wells (C10-F12).
2. Calculate the Mean for the 1000 pM (1.0 nM) SF solution wells (C1-F1).
3. Calculate the Detection Limit, in pg/mL:
1000 / ((Mean SF - Mean Buffer)/(3 * Standard Deviation Buffer))
Optic Probe
Detection Limit must be less than:
Bottom 5 mm
26 pM (10 pg/mL)
Bottom 3 mm
53 pM (20 pg/mL)
Bottom 1.5 mm
Top 3 mm
Top 1.5 mm
106 pM (40 pg/mL)
53 pM (20 pg/mL)
106 pM (40 pg/mL)*
* Typical performance
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 93
Linearity Test
1. Calculate the Mean of the four wells for each concentration in columns 1-5 (rows
C-F only).
2. Perform linear regression using these values as inputs:
x
1000
y
mean of the 1000 pM (1.0 nM) wells
500
mean of the 500 pM (0.5 nM) wells
250
mean of the 250 pM (0.25 nM) wells
125
mean of the 125 pM (0.125 nM) wells
62.5
mean of the 62.5 pM (0.0625 nM) wells
3. Calculate the R-Squared value; it must be greater than or equal to 0.950 to
pass.
Troubleshooting
If any tests fail, please try the suggestions below. If the test(s) continue to fail, print the
results and contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center.
•
Are the solutions fresh? The open buffer and stock solutions should be
discarded after seven days.
•
Are the Excitation/Emission filters clean? Are they in the proper locations and
in the proper orientation in the filter wheels?
•
Are you using new/clean plates? We suggest you re-run the test with a
new/clean microplate. For the bottom optics test, if the base of a plate is
touched, clean the entire base with alcohol (95% ethanol) and then wipe with a
lint-free cloth. Before placing a plate in the instrument, blow the bottom of the
plate with an aerosol. If the test fails again, the optical probe(s) may need to be
cleaned. Contact BioTek TAC for instructions.
•
If a test fails because one or more wells overranged, reduce the Sensitivity
value in the protocol by 1-5 counts and re-read the plate.
•
If the Corners Test continues to fail, the hardware may be misaligned. Contact
BioTek TAC.
•
Review the instructions under “Pipette Map” (page 94 for SF or 100 for MUB)
to verify that you correctly prepared the plates.
•
Does the Plate Type setting in the protocol match the plate you used?
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
94 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Pipette Map
™ Seal the plates with foil or store them in black polyethylene bags until use.
If the base of a plate is touched, clean the entire base with alcohol (95%
ethanol) and then wipe with a lint-free cloth. Before placing a plate in the
instrument, blow the bottom of the plate with an aerosol duster.
For the Corners test:
•
Pipette 200 µL of the 3.3 nM SF solution into wells A1-A3, A10-A12,
H1-H3, and H10-H12.
•
(Optional for plates with black sidewalls) Pipette 200 µL of buffer in the
wells surrounding the 3.3 nM wells (‘CBUF’ in the grid below).
For the Sensitivity/Linearity tests:
•
Use a multi-channel pipette with just four tips installed.
•
Pipette 150 µL of buffer into wells C2-F5 (NOT column 1) and C10-F12.
•
Pipette 150 µL of the 1 nM SF solution into wells C1-F1. Discard the tips.
•
Pipette 150 µL of the 1 nM SF solution into wells C2-F2.
Mix the wells using the pipette. Do not discard the tips.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C2-F2 and dispense into wells C3-F3.
Mix the wells using the pipette. Do not discard the tips.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C3-F3 and dispense into wells C4-F4.
Mix the wells using the pipette. Do not discard the tips.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C4-F4 and dispense into wells C5-F5.
Mix the wells using the pipette.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C5-F5 and discard.
1
2
3
4
A
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
B
CBUF
CBUF
C
1.0
nM
D
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
CBUF
CBUF
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
0.5
nM
0.25
nM
0.125
nM
0.062
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
1.0
nM
0.5
nM
0.25
nM
0.125
nM
0.062
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
E
1.0
nM
0.5
nM
0.25
nM
0.125
nM
0.062
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
F
1.0
nM
0.5
nM
0.25
nM
0.125
nM
0.062
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
G
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
CBUF
H
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
CBUF
CBUF
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
3.3
nM
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 95
Gen5™ Protocol Reading Parameters
The following tables contain the recommended settings for the Gen5 protocols. Your
tests may require modifications to some of these parameters, such as Plate Type or
Sensitivity (see “Troubleshooting” on page 93).
™ The Plate Type setting should match the plate you are actually using.
Protocol Name: ‘Synergy HT FI_B.prt’
Parameter
Setting
Plate Type:
“Greiner SensoPlate” (Mfr. #655892)
Read Wells:
Corners Read step: All wells
Sensitivity Read step: Wells C1-F12
Filters:
EX 485/20 nm, EM 528/20 nm
Optics Position:
Bottom
Sensitivity:
Corners Read step: 80
Sensitivity/Linearity Read step: 100
Delay After Plate Movement:
350 msec
Measurements Per Data Point:
40
Protocol Name: ‘Synergy HT FI_T.prt’
Parameter
Setting
Plate Type:
“Costar 96 black opaque” (Mfr. #3915)
Read Wells:
Corners Read step: All wells
Sensitivity Read step: Wells C1-F12
Filters:
EX 485/20 nm, EM 528/20 nm
Optics Position:
Top
Sensitivity:
Corners Read step: 80
Sensitivity/Linearity Read step: 100
Delay After Plate Movement:
350 msec
Measurements Per Data Point:
40
Top Probe Vertical Offset:
1.00 mm
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96 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
KC4™ Protocol Reading Parameters
The following tables contain the recommended settings for the KC4 protocols. Your
tests may require modifications to some of these parameters, such as Plate Type or
Sensitivity (see “Troubleshooting” on page 93).
™ The Plate Type setting should match the plate you are actually using.
Protocol Name: ‘Synergy HT FI_B.prt’
Parameter
Setting
Reading Type:
Endpoint
Detection Method:
Fluorescence
Filters:
2 Filter Sets: EX 485/20 nm, EM 528/20 nm
Optics Position:
Bottom
Sensitivity:
Filter Set 1 (Corners): 80
Filter Set 2 (Sensitivity/Linearity): 100
Nb Samples Per Well:
Both filter sets: 40
Delay Before Sampling:
Both filter sets: 350 msec
Plate Type:
“Greiner SensoPlate” (Mfr. #655892)
Note: You may need to add this Plate Format in
KC4; see the dimensions on the next page.
Read Wells:
A1-H12
Protocol Name: ‘Synergy HT FI_T.prt’
Parameter
Setting
Reading Type:
Endpoint
Detection Method:
Fluorescence
Filters:
2 Filter Sets: EX 485/20 nm, EM 528/20 nm
Optics Position:
Top
Sensitivity:
Filter Set 1 (Corners): 80
Filter Set 2 (Sensitivity/Linearity): 100
Nb Samples Per Well:
Both filter sets: 40
Delay Before Sampling:
Both filter sets: 350 msec
Plate Type:
“Costar 96 black opaque” (Mfr. #3915)
Read Wells:
A1-H12
Top Probe Vertical Offset:
1.00 mm
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 97
Plate Format Dimensions
To create a plate format in KC4™ for the Greiner SensoPlate, select System >
Plate Formats, click New, and add the information shown below:
Once the plate format is created, you can reference it in a protocol’s Reading
Parameters dialog.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
98 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Fluorescence Tests Using Methylumbelliferone
As an alternative to using Sodium Fluorescein, Methylumbelliferone (“MUB”) can be
used to test the top optics for the fluorescence system.
Required Materials
•
A new, clean, 96-well solid black plate, such as Corning® Costar Mfr. #3915
•
Excitation filter 360/40 nm, Emission filter 460/40 nm
•
Deionized or distilled water
•
Carbonate-Bicarbonate buffer (“CBB”) capsules (BioTek PN 98158)
•
10 mg vial of Methylumbelliferone (MUB) (BioTek PN 98156)
•
100% methanol (BioTek PN 98161)
•
Aluminum foil
•
Various beakers, graduated cylinders, and pipettes
•
(Optional, but recommended) 0.45 micron filter
•
Gen5™ or KC4™ ‘Synergy HT FI_MUB.prt’ protocol described on page 101
Test Solutions
1. Prepare the buffer (CBB) solution:
•
(Optional, but recommended) Using a 0.45-micron filter, filter 200 mL of
deionized or distilled water.
•
Open and dissolve the contents of 2 CBB capsules (do not dissolve the outer
gelatin capsule) into 200 mL of the water.
•
Stir the solution (preferably using a stir table) until the CBB is completely
dissolved.
2. Prepare the MUB stock solution:
•
Add 1 mL of 100% methanol to the 10 mg vial of MUB.
•
Make sure all of the dye has completely dissolved and is well mixed. This
yields a 10 mg/mL stock solution.
•
Wrap the solution in aluminum foil to prevent exposure to light.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 99
3. Prepare the dilutions. Label each with “MUB” and the concentration.
Mix this MUB solution:
with:
to make:
0.5 mL of 10 mg/mL stock solution
4.5 mL of 100%
methanol
1 mg/mL
0.88 mL of 1 mg/mL solution
4.12 mL of CBB
176 μg/mL
0.1 mL of 176 μg/mL solution
9.9 mL of CBB
1.76 μg/mL
0.5 mL of 1.76 μg/mL solution
4.5 mL of CBB
176 ng/mL
1 mL of 176 ng/mL solution
9 mL of CBB
17.6 ng/mL
(100 nM)
Procedure
1. Create the Gen5 or KC4 protocol (see page 101).
2. If you have not already done so, prepare the test solutions (see page 98).
3. Refer to the Pipette Map on page 100 and pipette the solutions into a clean,
96-well solid black plate.
4. Read the plate using the ‘Synergy HT FI_MUB.prt’ protocol.
5. Save and/or print the measurement data.
6. Calculate and analyze the results as described below.
Results Analysis
Sensitivity Test
1. Calculate the Mean and Standard Deviation for the buffer wells (C10-F12).
2. Calculate the Mean for the 17.6 ng/mL (100 nM) MUB solution wells
(C1-F1).
3. Calculate the Detection Limit, in ng/mL:
17.6 / ((Mean MUB - Mean Buffer)/(3 * Standard Deviation Buffer))
Optic Probe
Detection Limit must
be less than:
Top 3 mm
0.16 ng/mL
Top 1.5 mm
0.31 ng/mL
Linearity Test
1. Calculate the Mean of the four wells for each concentration in columns 1-5.
2. Perform linear regression using these values as inputs:
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
100 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
x
y
100
mean of the 100 nM wells
50
mean of the 50 nM wells
25
mean of the 25 nM wells
12.5
mean of the 12.5 nM wells
6.25
mean of the 6.25 nM wells
3. Calculate the R-Squared value; it must be greater than or equal to 0.950 to pass.
Pipette Map
™ Seal the plate with foil or store it in a black polyethylene bag until use.
Use a multi-channel pipette with just 4 tips installed. Perform these instructions
carefully, and refer to the grid below.
•
Pipette 150 µL of CBB buffer into wells C2-F5 and C10-F12.
•
Pipette 150 µL of the 17.6 ng/mL (100 nM) MUB solution into wells C1-F1.
Discard the tips.
•
Pipette 150 µL of the 17.6 ng/mL solution into wells C2-F2.
Mix the wells using the pipette. Do not discard the tips.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C2-F2 and dispense it into wells C3-F3.
Mix the wells using the pipette. Do not discard the tips.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C3-F3 and dispense it into wells C4-F4.
Mix the wells using the pipette. Do not discard the tips.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C4-F4 and dispense it into wells C5-F5.
Mix the wells using the pipette.
•
Aspirate 150 µL from wells C5-F5 and discard.
1
2
3
4
5
C
100
nM
50
nM
25
nM
12.5
nM
D
100
nM
50
nM
25
nM
E
100
nM
50
nM
F
100
nM
50
nM
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
6.25
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
12.5
nM
6.25
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
25
nM
12.5
nM
6.25
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
25
nM
12.5
nM
6.25
nM
BUF
BUF
BUF
A
B
G
H
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Fluorescence Tests | 101
Protocol Reading Parameters
™ Your tests may require modifications to some of the parameters below,
such as Plate Type or Sensitivity (see “Troubleshooting” on page 93).
The Plate Type setting should match the plate you are actually using.
The following tables contains the recommended settings for the ‘Synergy HT
FI_MUB.prt’ protocol.
GEN5 USERS
Protocol Name: ‘Synergy HT FI_MUB.prt’
Parameter
Setting
Plate Type:
“Costar 96 black opaque” (#3915)
Read Wells:
Wells C1 to F12
Detection Method:
Fluorescence
Read Type:
Endpoint
Filters:
EX 360/40 nm, EM 460/40 nm
Optics Position:
Top
Sensitivity:
90
Delay After Plate Movement:
350 msec
Measurements Per Data Point:
40
Top Probe Vertical Offset:
1.00 mm
KC4 USERS
Protocol Name: ‘Synergy HT FI_MUB.prt’
Parameter
Setting
Reading Type:
Endpoint
Detection Method:
Fluorescence
Filters:
1 Filter Set: EX 360/40 nm, EM 460/40 nm
Optics Position:
Top
Sensitivity:
90
Nb Samples Per Well:
40
Delay Before Sampling:
350 msec
Plate Type:
“Costar 96 black opaque” (#3915)
Read Wells:
C1-F12
Top Probe Vertical Offset:
1.00 mm
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102 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Dispense Module Tests
This section applies to Synergy™ HT models with injectors only.
BioTek Instruments, Inc. has developed a set of tests that you can perform to ensure that
the dispense module performs to specification initially and over time. We recommend that
you perform these tests before first use (e.g., during the Initial OQ), and then every three
months.
•
The Accuracy Test is a measure of the mean volume per well for multiple
dispenses. The actual weight of the dispensed fluid is compared to the expected
weight and must be within a certain percentage to pass. Pass/Fail criteria depends
on the per-well volume dispensed: 2.0% for 80 µL, 5.0% for 20 µL, and 20.0% for
5 µL. It is assumed that one gram is equal to one milliliter.
The test uses a single green dye test solution and one 96-well microplate (per
injector) to test the three different volumes. The balance is tared with the empty
plate, and then the 80 µL dispense is performed for columns 1–4. The fluid is
weighed and the balance is tared again (with the plate on the balance). This process
is repeated for the 20 µL and 5 µL dispenses. It is assumed that the solutions used
are at room temperature. A precision balance (3 place) is used to weigh the plate.
•
The Precision Test is a measure of the variation among volumes dispensed to
multiple wells. For each volume dispensed (80 µL, 20 µL, and 5 µL) to four
columns, the %CV (coefficient of variation) of 32 absorbance readings is calculated.
Pass/Fail criteria depends on the per-well volume dispensed: 2.0% for 80 µL, 7.0%
for 20 µL, and 10.0% for 5 µL. The plate is read in an absorbance reader at 405/750
nm for columns 1–4 and at 630/750 nm for columns 5–12.
The two tests are performed simultaneously and use the same plate. Data reduction can be
performed automatically or manually, depending on the test setup.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 103
Required Materials
•
Absorbance reader with 405, 630, and 750 nm filters. The reader must have an
accuracy specification of ± 1.0% ± 0.010 OD or better and a repeatability
specification of ± 1.0% ± 0.005 OD or better.
™ Note: The Synergy HT reader may be used if it has passed the
Absorbance Plate Test and the Absorbance Liquid Tests described
earlier in this chapter.
•
Shaker (if the absorbance reader does not support shaking)
•
Precision balance with capacity of 100 g minimum and readability of 0.001 g
•
50–200 μl hand pipette and disposable tips
•
Deionized water
•
Supply bottles
•
250 mL beaker
•
New 96-well, flat-bottom microplates
•
BioTek’s Green Test Dye Solution (PN 7773003) undiluted, or one of the
alternate test solutions provided on the next page
•
100 mL graduated cylinder and 10 mL pipettes (if not using BioTek’s Green
Test Dye Solution)
•
Gen5™ or KC4™ software installed on the host PC
•
Calculation worksheet on the last page of this chapter
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
104 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Test Solution Recipes
™ 80 µL of test solution with 150 µL of deionized water should read
between 1.300 and 1.700 OD at 405/750 nm. It is assumed that the
solutions used are at room temperature.
If you do not have BioTek’s Green Test Dye Solution (PN 7773003), prepare a green
test dye solution using one of the following methods:
Using BioTek’s Blue and Yellow Concentrate Dye Solutions:
Ingredient
Quantity
Concentrate Blue Dye Solution (PN 7773001, 125 mL)
4.0 mL
QC (Yellow) Solution (PN 7120782, 125 mL)
5.0 mL
Deionized water
90.0 mL
Using FD&C Blue and Yellow Dye Powder:
Ingredient
Quantity per Liter
FD&C Blue No. 1
0.200 grams
FD&C Yellow No. 5
0.092 grams
Tween 20®
Sodium Azide N3Na
Deionized water
1.0 mL
0.100 gram
Make to 1 liter
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 105
Test Setup: Gen5™
To perform the Dispense Accuracy and Precision Test using Gen5, you’ll need to create
two protocols containing the necessary Dispense and Read steps (one protocol per
dispenser). You can create these protocols once and then reference them in new
experiments each time you run the test. See page 110 for instructions for creating
these protocols.
™ For your convenience, we’ve included a worksheet at the end of this
chapter for recording the dispense weights, Delta OD values, calculations, and pass/fail. Make two copies of this worksheet—one for each
dispenser tested.
™ Tip: You can take advantage of Gen5’s Power Export feature to create
Microsoft Excel spreadsheets for performing the Results Analysis
calculations. See the Gen5 Help System for information on the Power
Export Builder.
Test Setup: KC4™
•
Using KC4, create three Dispense protocols for the Synergy HT. If you are
using a BioTek absorbance reader, create two additional Read protocols. See
page 115 for instructions.
•
If you are not using a BioTek absorbance reader, prepare your reader to
perform two reads with the following characteristics:
80 μl Read
20 & 5 μl Read
Primary Wavelength
405 nm
630 nm
Reference Wavelength
750 nm
750 nm
1-4
5-12
Plate Columns
™ For your convenience, we’ve included a worksheet at the end of this
chapter for recording the dispense weights, Delta OD values, calculations, and pass/fail. Make two copies of this worksheet—one for each
dispenser tested.
™ Tip: You can take advantage of KC4’s PowerReports feature to create
Microsoft Excel spreadsheets for performing the Results Analysis
calculations. See KC4’s User Guide for information on PowerReports.
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106 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Test Procedure: Gen5™
1.
Prime both dispensers with deionized or distilled water.
•
Ensure that the tip priming trough (BioTek PN 7082118) is installed in the
microplate carrier.
•
Place a clean priming plate (BioTek PN 7132158 or 7092135) on the carrier.
•
Fill a supply bottle with deionized or distilled water and insert the inlet
tube.
•
In Gen5, select System > Reader Control. If prompted, select the reader
under test.
•
Click the Dispenser tab. Select Dispenser 1 or 2. If the ‘Initialized’ status is
“No” click Initialize.
•
Enter a prime Volume of 4000 µL and click Prime.
•
When finished remove the priming plate, empty it, and put it back on the
carrier.
2.
Remove the inlet tubes from the supply bottles. Prime both dispensers with
the Volume set to 2000 µL. This prevents the water from diluting the dye.
3.
Fill a beaker with at least 20 mL of the green dye solution. Prime both
dispensers with 2000 µL of the solution. When finished, remove the priming
plate from the carrier.
4.
Create a new experiment based on the Synergy HT Dispense 1.prt file
described on page 110.
5.
Place a new 96-well microplate on the balance and tare the balance.
6.
Place the plate on the microplate carrier.
™ Important: Gen5 will provide prompts and instructions for processing the
plates; follow the steps carefully. When each dispense step is finished, you
will weigh the plate, record the weight, tare the balance with the plate on it,
and then place the plate back on the carrier for the next step.
7.
Select Plate|Read and click READ. Gen5 will prompt you to empty the tip
priming trough.
8.
When ready, click OK at the Load Plate dialog to begin the experiment. Follow
the prompts displayed on the screen; the sequence is as follows:
•
Dispense 80 µL/well to columns 1–4.
•
Remove the plate and weigh it. Record the weight and tare the balance.
•
Place the plate on the carrier, dispense 20 µL/well to columns 5–8.
•
Remove the plate and weigh it. Record the weight and tare the balance.
•
Place the plate on the carrier, dispense 5 µL/well to columns 9–12.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 107
•
Remove the plate and weigh it. Record the weight.
•
Manually pipette 150 µL of deionized or distilled water into all 12
columns, on top of the green test dye solution.
•
9.
Place the plate on the carrier for a 15-second shake, the ’80 µL’ read at
405/750 nm, and the ’20 and 5 µL’ read at 630/750 nm.
When processing is complete, select File|Save As and save the experiment
using an identifying file name.
10. Repeat steps 4–9 using the Synergy HT Dispenser 2.prt protocol.
11. See page 109 for instructions for analyzing the results.
12. When all tests are complete, prime both dispensers with at least 5000 µL of
deionized or distilled water, to flush out the green dye solution.
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108 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Test Procedure: KC4™
™ Note: If you are using one of BioTek’s keypad-based readers, such as
the ELx800™ or ELx808™, make sure the reader is not running in
Rapid mode. To check the setting, select UTIL Æ READ and cycle
through the options until READ IN RAPID MODE? appears. Set it to NO.
™ Perform the following set of steps two times, to test both dispensers.
1.
2.
Using KC4, prime the fluid lines with deionized water:
•
Fill a reagent bottle with deionized water and insert the inlet tube.
•
Select System|Reader Control and click the Dispenser tab. Set the
Dispenser number (1 or 2), enter a Volume of 4000 µL, and click Prime.
Place the priming plate on the carrier and click OK.
•
Remove the inlet tube from the bottle and run another prime with the
volume set to 2000 µL. Empty the plate and replace it on the carrier.
Fill a reagent bottle or beaker with 20 mL of the green dye solution. Prime the
fluid lines with 2000 μl of the green dye. Remove and empty the priming plate.
™ Perform these steps carefully. When each dispense protocol is finished,
you will weigh the plate, record the weight, and tare the balance.
3.
Place a new 96-well microplate on the balance and tare the balance.
4.
Place the plate on the carrier and run the 80 μl Dispense protocol created for
the dispenser under test.
5.
Weigh the plate. Record the 80 µL dispense weight, and then tare the balance.
6.
Place the plate on the carrier and run the 20 μl Dispense protocol created for
the dispenser under test.
7.
Weigh the plate. Record the 20 µL dispense weight, and then tare the balance.
8.
Place the plate on the carrier and run the 5 μl Dispense protocol created for
the dispenser under test.
9.
Weigh the plate. Record the 5 µL dispense weight.
10. Pipette or dispense 150 µL of deionized water into each well, on top of the
green dye solution.
11. If the reader does not support shaking, shake the plate in an orbital shaker for
about 15 seconds.
12. Transfer the plate to the absorbance reader and run the two Read protocols as
described under Test Setup—KC4 on page 105. Save each Data file using an
identifying file name (Data|Save As).
13. When all tests are complete, prime both dispensers with at least 5000 µL of
deionized water to flush out the green dye solution.
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Dispense Module Tests | 109
Results Analysis
™ For your convenience, we’ve included a worksheet at the end of this
chapter for recording the dispense weights, Delta OD values, calculations, and pass/fail. Make two copies of this worksheet—one for each
dispenser tested.
The pass/fail criteria for each set of 32 wells with the same dispense volume is
based on the calculated coefficient of variation (%CV) and Accuracy % Error.
•
If you created the Gen5™ protocols as described on pages 110–113, the
%CVs are calculated automatically. With the experiment open, click the
Statistics button and set the Well Type to Assay Control. Use the Data
drop-down box to select each Delta OD data set.
•
If you created the KC4™ Read protocols as described on page 117, the %CV
is calculated automatically. With the Data file open, select the Delta OD
data set and click the Statistics button.
For each volume dispensed (80, 20, 5 µL), for each dispenser (1, 2):
•
Calculate the Standard Deviation of the 32 wells
•
Calculate the Mean of the 32 wells
•
Calculate the %CV: (Standard Deviation / Mean) x 100
•
Calculate the Accuracy % Error:
((Actual Weight – Expected Weight) / Expected Weight) * 100
™ Expected Weights for 32 wells: 80 μl (2.560 g), 20 μl (0.640 g),
5 μl (0.160 g). It is assumed that one gram is equal to one milliliter.
Dispense
Volume
To pass,
% CV must be:
To pass, Accuracy
% Error must be:
80 μl
≤ 2.0%
≤ 2.0%
20 μl
≤ 7.0%
≤ 5.0%
5 μl
≤ 10.0%
≤ 20.0%
Failures
If any tests fail, prime the fluid lines and rerun the test(s). If the test(s) fail
again, the injector heads may require cleaning (see Chapter 5, Preventive
Maintenance).
If tests continue to fail, contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center.
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110 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Creating the Test Protocols Using Gen5™
This section contains instructions for creating two Gen5 protocols specifically for
performing the Synergy HT Dispense Precision and Accuracy test. Refer to the
Gen5 Help system to learn more about using Gen5, and for complete instructions
for creating protocols.
To create the protocols in Gen5:
1.
Start by selecting System|Reader Configuration, and add/configure the
Synergy (if it is not already there).
2.
Select File|New Protocol. A “menu tree” will appear.
•
To edit a protocol category, double-click its “branch” in the tree, as
shown below:
Figure 33: Editing the Procedure in a new Protocol
3.
Perform the steps in the following three sections to define the Procedure,
customize the Plate Layout, and add Data Reduction steps, to test
Dispenser #1.
4.
When you’re finished, select File|Save As and give the protocol an
identifying file name, such as “Synergy HT Dispenser 1.prt.”
5.
Repeat steps 2–4 to create a protocol to test Dispenser #2.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 111
Define the Procedure
In brief, the protocol’s procedure follows the sequence below. After each
Dispense step, the plate is ejected to allow the operator to weigh it and then
tare the balance.
•
Dispense 80 µL dye to columns 1–4
•
Dispense 20 µL dye to columns 5–8
•
Dispense 5 µL dye to columns 9–12
•
Shake the plate for 15 seconds
•
Read columns 1–4 at 405/750 nm, calculate the Delta OD
•
Read columns 5–12 at 630/750 nm, calculate the Delta OD
The detailed procedure is described on the next page. To add a step to the
procedure, click the appropriate button on the left side of the Procedure dialog
(see Figure 33 on page 110) and define the required parameters.
™ The comments suggested for use with the Plate Out/In steps
are optional, but they may be useful for the person running the
test. When the Plate Out/In step is executed, Gen5 displays its
comment in a message box, as demonstrated below:
Figure 34: Sample comment associated with a Plate Out/In step,
presented to the operator at the start of the experiment.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
112 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Gen5™ Procedure Steps
#
Step Type
Details
1
Dispense
Dispenser <select 1 or 2, depending on the protocol>
Dispense to wells A1..H4
Dispense 80 µL at rate 275 µL/sec
2
Plate Out,In
Suggested comment: Weigh the plate (80 ul test). RECORD the
weight, TARE the balance. Place the plate back on the carrier. Click
OK to continue.
3
Dispense
Dispenser <select 1 or 2, depending on the protocol>
Dispense to wells A5..H8
Tip prime before this dispense step, 20 µL
Dispense 20 µL at rate 250 µL/sec
4
Plate Out,In
Suggested comment: Weigh the plate (20 ul test). RECORD the
weight, TARE the balance. Place the plate back on the carrier. Click
OK to continue.
5
Dispense
Dispenser <select 1 or 2, depending on the protocol>
Dispense to wells A9..H12
Tip prime before this dispense step, 5 µL
Dispense 5 µL at rate 225 µL/sec
6
Plate Out,In
Suggested comment: Weigh the plate (5 ul test). RECORD the
weight. PIPETTE 150 ul/well of DI water into all 12 columns. Place
the plate back on the carrier. Click OK to perform the Read steps.
7
Shake
Medium intensity for 15 seconds
8
Read
Step label:
“80 ul Read_Disp 1” (or _Disp 2)
Wells:
A1..H4
Detection Method: Absorbance
Read Type:
Endpoint
Read Speed:
Normal
Two Wavelengths: 405 and 750 nm
9
Read
Step label:
“20 and 5 ul Read_Disp 1” (or _Disp 2)
Wells:
A5..H12
Detection Method: Absorbance
Read Type:
Endpoint
Read Speed:
Normal
Two Wavelengths: 630 and 750 nm
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 113
Customize the Plate Layout (Optional)
The results analysis worksheet at the end of this chapter requires the calculation of
the Standard Deviation, Mean, and % CV of the ODs read for each dispense
volume in each plate (six sets of calculations). By identifying the wells by their
dispense volumes in the Plate Layout, Gen5 will calculate these values for you.
1.
In the protocol, open the Plate Layout dialog.
2.
Set the Type set to Assay Control.
3.
Click the Browse (…) button associated with the ID field. Assign the first
three controls as Disp_80, Disp_20, and Disp_5. Click OK.
4.
Set ID to Disp_80 and highlight wells A1 to H4.
5.
Set ID to Disp_20 and highlight wells A5 to H8.
6.
Set ID to Disp_5 and highlight wells A9 to H12.
7.
Click OK to save the changes and close the dialog.
™ Tip: After running the experiment, view the Statistics for each Delta
OD Data Set to view the calculations.
Add Data Reduction Steps
Each Read step is performed using two wavelengths, so you’ll need to create two
data reduction steps to calculate the Delta OD values.
1.
In the protocol, open the Data Reduction dialog and click the
Transformation button.
2.
Click the Select Multiple Data Sets button and then click the DS2 radio
button (see below).
3.
Set the Data In for DS1 to the 80 µL Read step at 405 nm.
4.
Set the Data In for DS2 to the 80 µL Read step at 750 nm.
5.
Click OK to return to the Transformation dialog.
6.
In the New Data Set Name field, type an identifying name such as ‘Delta
OD 80 ul_Disp 1’ (see sample screen on the next page).
7.
Clear Use single formula for all wells.
8.
In the Current Formula field, type DS1-DS2 and then highlight wells A1
to H4 to assign the formula.
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114 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
9.
Click OK to add the transformation to the Data Reduction list.
10. Create another Transformation similar to the above, with these
characteristics:
•
DS1 set to the 20 and 5 µL Read step at 630 nm
•
DS2 set to the 20 and 5 µL Read step at 750 nm
•
New Data Set Name resembling ‘Delta OD 20 and 5 ul_Disp <#>’
•
Formula DS1-DS2 applied to wells A5 to H12
11. When you’re finished, the Data Reduction Steps list will show two Delta
OD transformations:
12. Click OK to close the Data Reduction dialog.
™ Select File|Save As and give the protocol an identifying file name,
such as “Synergy HT Dispenser 1.prt.”
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 115
Creating the Test Protocols Using KC4™
To perform the Dispense Accuracy and Precision tests, you’ll need to create a total of
six Dispense protocols in KC4 (three per dispenser). If you will be using one of
BioTek’s absorbance readers (including the Synergy HT), you’ll need to create two
additional protocols for reading the plate after the dispenses.
To create the Dispense protocols, start by launching KC4 and setting the current
reader to the Synergy HTTR w/Injectors.
™ Perform the following set of steps three times to create six protocols,
for the 80, 20, and 5 μl tests for Dispenser 1 and Dispenser 2.
1.
If a Data file is open, close it now (Data|Close).
2.
Select Protocol|New and then Protocol|Reading. The Reading
Parameters dialog opens.
3.
Select the Dispense box and set the Reading Type to Endpoint.
4.
Click the Read & Dispense button. The Read & Dispense dialog opens
(see the screen shot on the next page).
5.
Set Read Mode to Plate.
6.
Click the Dispense button and set the following:
•
Set Dispenser to 1
•
Set Priming to “Before the dispense”
•
Set the Tip Prime Volume, Dispense Volume, and Rate as follows:
Tip Prime
Volume
Dispense
Volume
Rate
20 µL
80 µL/well
275 µL/sec
20 µL
20 µL/well
250 µL/sec
5 µL
5 µL/well
225 µL/sec
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116 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
7.
Click OK, OK to return to the Reading Parameters dialog.
8.
Select the appropriate Plate Type, or set it to 96 WELL PLATE.
9.
Set First Well and Last Well as follows:
First/Last Well
80 μl Test
20 μl Test
5 μl Test
A1/H4
A5/H8
A9/H12
10. Leave all other parameters set to their defaults. Click OK to return to the
Main Menu.
11. Select Protocol|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name
that includes the dispenser number and the dispense volume, such as
‘Dispenser 1_80 ul’. Keep the protocol open.
12. Select Protocol|Reading again and return to the Read & Dispense dialog.
13. Double-click on the DISPENSE item (as shown below) to open the
Dispense dialog, and change the Dispenser to 2.
14. Return to the main menu and select Protocol|Save As. Modify the file
name so that it includes dispenser number 2 (e.g., Dispenser 2_80 ul).
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 117
To create the Read protocols, start by launching KC4 and setting the current
reader to the absorbance reader.
™ Perform the following set of steps two times to create two protocols,
for the 80 µL and 20 & 5 μl reads.
1.
If a Data file is open, close it now (Data|Close).
2.
Select Protocol|New and then Protocol|Reading. The Reading
Parameters dialog will open. See the sample screen shots on the next page.
3.
If the current reader is the Synergy, set Detection Method to
Absorbance.
4.
Select two Wavelengths, as follows:
80 μl Read
20 & 5 μl Read
First (or Meas) Wavelength
405 nm
630 nm
Second (or Ref) Wavelength
750 nm
750 nm
Note: KC4 automatically creates a multi-plate transformation to subtract
the second wavelength from the first. The name of the resulting data set is
“Delta OD.”
5.
Select the appropriate Plate Type, or set it to 96 WELL PLATE.
6.
Set First Well and Last Well as follows:
80 μl Read
20 & 5 μl Read
A1/H4
A5/H12
First/Last Well
7.
If the reader supports shaking, set:
•
Shake Intensity to 4 (Variable)
•
Duration to 15 seconds
8.
Leave all other parameters set to their defaults. Click OK to return to the
Main Menu.
9.
Select Protocol|Plate Layout. Assign wells to the plate as shown on page
119. Click OK to return to the main menu.
10. Select Protocol|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name that
includes the dispense volume, such as Delta 80 and Delta 20 and 5.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
118 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
Sample KC4 Reading
Parameters Dialog for the
80 µL Read Protocol, using
the Synergy HTTR
w/Injectors
Sample KC4 Reading
Parameters Dialog for the
20 & 5 µL Read Protocol,
using the ELx808
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Dispense Module Tests | 119
Sample KC4 Plate Layout for the 80 µL Read Protocol
Sample KC4 Plate Layout for the 20 & 5 µL Read Protocol
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
120 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Comments:
Signature:
Reading Date:
Must be <= 7.0%
Tested By:
†F
%CV:
Reader S/N:
Reader Model:
Must be <= 2.0%
†P
%
Mean:
Mean:
%CV:
Standard Deviation:
Must be <= 5.0%
Standard Deviation:
†F
†P
†P
†F
†F
%
%
Accuracy % Error:
%
Accuracy % Error:
Must be <= 2.0%
0.6400 g
Expected weight:
2.5600 g
†P
g
Expected weight:
20 µL weight:
Signature:
Reviewed/
Approved By:
Must be <= 10.0%
%CV:
Mean:
Standard Deviation:
Must be <= 20.0%
Accuracy % Error:
Expected weight:
5 µL weight:
†P
†P
†F
†F
%
%
0.1600 g
g
H
H
g
G
G
80 µL weight:
F
12
F
11
E
10
E
9
D
8
D
7
C
6
C
5
B
4
B
3
5 µL Dispense
Delta ODs @630/750 nm
A
2
20 µL Dispense
Delta ODs @630/750 nm
A
1
80 µL Dispense
Delta ODs @405/750 nm
Synergy™ HT Dispense Accuracy & Precision Tests - Dispenser #____
122 | Chapter 4: Instrument Qualification
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Chapter 5
Preventive Maintenance
This chapter provides step-by-step instructions for maintaining the
Synergy™ HT and external dispense module (if used) in top condition,
to ensure that they continue to perform to specification.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule ....................................124
Overview .......................................................................124
Dispense Module.............................................................124
Schedule .......................................................................124
Warnings & Precautions .......................................................126
Cleaning Exposed Surfaces ...................................................127
Inspecting/Cleaning Excitation and Emission Filters ..................128
Flushing/Purging the Fluid Path .............................................129
Running a Dispense Protocol (Optional) ..................................130
Emptying/Cleaning the Tip Priming Trough..............................132
Cleaning the Priming Plate ....................................................132
Cleaning the Internal Components .........................................133
Required Materials ..........................................................134
Removing the Reader’s Shroud .........................................135
Removing the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads ................137
Cleaning the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads ..................140
Cleaning the Optical Probes..............................................141
Cleaning the Reader’s Internal Surface ..............................149
Reassembling the Components .........................................150
Performance Check .........................................................151
124 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Overview
A general Preventive Maintenance (PM) regimen for all Synergy™ HT models
includes periodically cleaning all exposed surfaces and inspecting/cleaning the
Excitation and Emission filters. For models with the external dispense module,
additional tasks include flushing/purging the fluid path and cleaning the tip prime
trough, priming plate, supply bottles, internal dispense tubing, and injector heads.
Dispense Module
To keep the dispense module and injectors in top condition, flush and purge the fluid
lines with deionized (DI) water every day or upon completion of an assay run,
whichever is more frequent. Some reagents may crystallize or harden after use,
clogging the fluid passageways. Flushing the tubing at the end of each day, letting the
DI water soak them overnight, and then purging the lines at the beginning of each day
ensures optimal performance of the dispense system. Perform a visual inspection of the
dispensing accuracy before conducting an assay that requires dispense to verify
instrument performance.
It is important to keep the dispensing lines scrupulously clean at all times. Take special
care when using molecules active at very low concentrations (e.g., enzymes,
inhibitors). Remove any residual reagent in the dispensing lines using a suitable
cleaning solution (review the reagent’s package insert for specific recommendations).
A daily cleaning regimen is the best way to ensure accurate performance and a longlife for your instrument and dispense module. BioTek also recommends flushing the
module with DI water before conducting the decontamination procedure described in
Appendix A.
Schedule
The following charts recommend Preventive Maintenance tasks and the frequency
with which each task should be performed.
™ It is important to note that the risk and performance factors associated
with your assays may require that some or all of the procedures be
performed more frequently than presented in the schedule.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule | 125
Frequency
Tasks for Synergy HT Models
without Injectors
Task
Page
Clean Exposed Surfaces
127
Inspect/Clean Excitation
and Emission Filters
128
Quarterly
9
9
Decontamination (see Appendix A)
Before shipment or storage
Frequency
Tasks for Synergy HT Models
with Injectors
Task
As Needed
Page
Daily
Quarterly
Clean Exposed Surfaces
127
Inspect/Clean Excitation and
Emission Filters
128
Flush/Purge the Fluid Path
129
(Optional) Run Dispense
Protocol
130
Empty/Clean Tip Prime Trough
132
Clean Priming Plate
132
Clean Internal Dispense Tubing
and Injector Heads
140
9
Clean Optical Probes
141
9
Clean Internal Surfaces
149
9
Decontamination (see Appendix A)
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
As Needed
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
Before shipment or storage
126 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Warnings & Precautions
Please read the following before performing any maintenance procedures:
Warning! Internal Voltage. Turn off and unplug the instrument for
all maintenance and repair operations.
Warning! Wear protective gloves when handling contaminated
instruments. Gloved hands should be considered contaminated at all
times; keep gloved hands away from eyes, mouth, nose, and ears.
Warning! Mucous membranes are considered prime entry routes for
infectious agents. Wear eye protection and a surgical mask when there
is a possibility of aerosol contamination. Intact skin is generally
considered an effective barrier against infectious organisms; however,
small abrasions and cuts may not always be visible. Wear protective
gloves when handling contaminated instruments.
Important! Do not immerse the instrument, spray it with liquid, or
use a “wet” cloth on it. Do not allow water or other cleaning solution
to run into the interior of the instrument. If this happens, contact
BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center.
Important! Do not apply lubricants to the microplate carrier or
carrier track. Lubrication on the carrier mechanism or components in
the carrier compartment will attract dust and other particles, which
may obstruct the carrier path and cause the reader to produce an error.
Caution! The buildup of deposits left by the evaporation of spilled
fluids within the read chamber can impact measurements. Be sure to
keep System Test records before and after maintenance so that changes
can be noted.
Caution! Models with injectors. Before removing the reader’s
cover to expose internal parts, purge the dispense module, turn off the
instrument, and disconnect the fluid line, power cable, and PC cable.
Warning! The fluorescence lamp assembly is hot when the
instrument is powered on. If the instrument is on, turn it off and allow
the lamp to cool down before attempting to replace it.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning Exposed Surfaces | 127
Cleaning Exposed Surfaces
Important! Turn off and unplug the instrument for all
cleaning operations.
Important! Do not immerse the instrument, spray it with
liquid, or use a “wet” cloth. Do not allow the cleaning
solution to run into the interior of the instrument. If this
happens, contact BioTek’s Service Department.
Exposed surfaces may be cleaned (not decontaminated) with a cloth moistened
(not soaked) with water or water and a mild detergent. You’ll need:
•
Deionized or distilled water
•
Clean, lint-free cotton cloths
•
Mild detergent (optional)
To clean the exposed surfaces:
1.
Turn off and unplug the instrument.
2.
Moisten a clean cotton cloth with water, or with water and mild detergent.
Do not soak the cloth.
3.
Wipe the plate carrier and all exposed surfaces of the instrument.
4.
Wipe all exposed surfaces of the dispense module (if used).
5.
If detergent was used, wipe all surfaces with a cloth moistened with water.
6.
Use a clean, dry cloth to dry all wet surfaces.
7.
Reassemble the instrument as necessary.
™ Models with injectors: If the Tip Priming Trough overflows, wipe the
carrier and the surface beneath the carrier with a dry cotton cloth. If
overflow is significant, you may have to remove the shroud of the
instrument to better access the surface beneath the carrier.
™ See page 135 for instructions on removing the shroud.
™ See page 149 for instructions for cleaning the surface beneath the
carrier.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
128 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Inspecting/Cleaning Excitation and Emission Filters
Laboratory air is used to cool the lamp, and the filters can become dusty as a result. The
filters should be inspected and cleaned at least every three months. You’ll need:
•
Isopropyl, ethyl, or methyl alcohol
•
Lens-cleaning tissue
™ Do not touch the filters with your bare fingers!
To inspect and clean the Excitation and Emission filters:
1.
Turn off and unplug the instrument.
2.
Pull down the hinged door on the front of the instrument. Observe the two
thumbscrews within the compartment. The left thumbscrew holds the
excitation (EX) filter wheel in place; the right secures the emission (EM) filter
wheel. Remove each thumbscrew and slide the filter wheel’s supporting metal
bracket straight out of the compartment.
™ Chapter 3, Getting Started contains illustrations for identifying the
filter wheels and their unique characteristics. This chapter also
contains instructions for replacing filters if necessary.
3.
Inspect the glass filters for speckled surfaces or a halo effect. This may indicate
deterioration due to moisture exposure over a long period of time.
•
If you have any concerns about the quality of the filters, contact your
BioTek representative.
4.
Clean the filters using lens-cleaning tissue moistened with a small amount of
isopropyl, ethyl, or methyl alcohol. Ensure that the filters remain in their
current locations.
5.
Replace the filter wheel brackets in their respective positions and replace the
thumbscrews. Close the hinged door.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Flushing/Purging the Fluid Path | 129
Flushing/Purging the Fluid Path
Applies only to Synergy™ HT models with injectors.
At the end of each day that the dispense module is in use, flush the fluid path using
Gen5’s or KC4’s priming utility. Leave the fluid to soak overnight or over a weekend, and
then purge the fluid before using the instrument again.
Note: This flushing and purging routine is also recommended before disconnecting the
outlet tubes from the rear of the reader, and before decontamination to remove any assay
residue prior to applying isopropyl alcohol or sodium hypochlorite.
To flush the fluid path:
1.
Fill two supply bottles with deionized or distilled water. Insert the supply
(inlet) tubes into the bottles.
2.
Place the priming plate on the carrier.
3.
Gen5: Select System|Reader Control|Synergy(Com<#>).
KC4: Select System|Reader Control.
4.
Click the Dispenser tab and select Dispenser 1.
5.
Set the Volume to 5000 µL. Keep the default prime Rate.
6.
Click Prime to start the process. When the process is complete, carefully
remove the priming plate from the carrier and empty it.
7.
Repeat the process for Dispenser 2.
Leave the water in the system overnight or until the instrument will be used
again. Purge the fluid from the system (see below) and then prime with the
dispense reagent before running an assay.
To purge the fluid from the system:
1.
Place the inlet tubes in empty supply bottles or a beaker.
2.
Gen5: Select System|Reader Control|Synergy(Com<#>).
KC4: Select System|Reader Control.
3.
Click the Dispenser tab and select Dispenser 1.
4.
Set the Volume to 2000 µL.
5.
Click Purge to start the process.
6.
When the purge is complete, repeat the process for Dispenser 2.
™ After purging the system, you may wish to run a quick Dispense
protocol to visually verify the dispense accuracy. See the next page
for instructions for creating the protocol.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
130 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Running a Dispense Protocol (Optional)
Applies only to Synergy™ HT models with injectors.
After flushing/purging the system (page 129) and before running an assay that requires
dispense, take a moment to visually inspect the dispensing accuracy.
Use a DI H2O-Tween solution to check for dispense
accuracy following maintenance: e.g., add 1 ml Tween® 20
to 1000 ml of deionized water.
To create the Dispense protocol in Gen5™:
1.
Select File|New Protocol and then Protocol|Procedure.
2.
Add a Dispense step with the following parameters:
•
Select Dispenser 1
•
Set Tip Priming to Before this dispense step and Volume to 10 µL.
•
Set the Dispense Volume to 100 µL (or an amount to match your assay
protocol).
•
Select a Rate (adjust the rate to support the dispensing volume).
•
Click OK to close the dialog and add the Dispense step to the list.
3.
Add another Dispense step with the same parameters, selecting Dispenser 2.
4.
Add a quick Read step with the following parameters (Gen5 requires that a
Read step follow the Dispense step):
•
Define a partial plate read on just one well (e.g., A1)
•
Set the Detection Method to Absorbance
•
Set the Read Type to Endpoint
•
Set the Read Speed to Normal
•
Select any wavelength
5.
Click OK to close the dialog and add the Read step to the list.
6.
Click OK to close the Procedure.
7.
Select File|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name, such as
“Dispense Observation.”
8.
Select File|New Experiment to run the Dispense Observation protocol.
9.
Click the Read button and follow the prompts.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Running a Dispense Protocol (Optional) | 131
10. When the procedure is complete, visually assess the fluid level in the wells for
accuracy. If the well volume appears to be unevenly distributed, clean the
internal dispense tubes and injector heads as described in Cleaning Internal
Components on page 133.
To create the Dispense protocol in KC4™:
1.
If a Data file is open, close it now (Data|Close).
2.
Select Protocol|New and then Protocol|Reading.
3.
In the Reading parameters dialog:
•
Check the Dispense box and set the Reading Type to Endpoint.
•
Select a Plate Type of 96 WELL PLATE or select a custom format that
exactly matches the plate being used for this test.
•
Leave all other parameters set to their default values.
4.
Next to the Dispense check box, click the Read & Dispense button.
5.
In the Read & Dispense dialog, set Read Mode to Plate.
6.
Click the Dispense button. In the Dispense Step dialog:
•
Select Dispenser 1
•
Set Priming to Before the process and Volume to 5 µL.
•
Leave Start Time set to 00:00:00.
•
Set the Volume to 100 µL (or an amount to match your assay protocol).
•
Select a Rate (adjust the rate to support the dispensing volume).
•
Click OK to close the dialog and add the Dispense step to the list.
7.
Click OK to close the dialog and return to the Reading parameters dialog.
8.
Click OK to save the settings and return to the main menu.
9.
Select Protocol|Save As and give the protocol an identifying name, such as
“Dispenser 1 Observation.”
10. Repeat these steps to create a protocol for Dispenser 2.
11. Run the two protocols on two different plates. When finished, visually assess
the fluid level in the wells for accuracy. If the well volume appears to be
unevenly distributed, clean the internal dispense tubes and injector heads as
described in Cleaning Internal Components on page 133.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
132 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Emptying/Cleaning the Tip Priming Trough
Applies only to Synergy™ HT models with injectors.
The tip priming trough is a small, removable priming cup located in the left rear of the
microplate carrier, used for performing the Tip Prime. The trough holds about 1.5 mL of
liquid and must be periodically emptied and cleaned by the user.
To empty/clean the tip prime trough:
1.
Extend the microplate carrier and carefully remove the tip priming trough from
its pocket in the left rear of the carrier.
2.
Wash the trough in hot, soapy water. Use a small brush to clean in the corners.
3.
Rinse the trough thoroughly and allow it to dry completely.
4.
Replace the trough in the microplate carrier.
When starting a Gen5™ Experiment that includes dispensing, Gen5 will prompt you to
empty the tip prime trough. Follow the instructions provided.
When starting a KC4™ Read & Dispense protocol, KC4 may prompt you to empty the tip
priming trough. In this case, KC4 will automatically open the System|Reader Control,
Dispenser dialog. Empty the trough and then click the Dump Tip Prime Trough(s)
button. The Tip Prime Trough value will reset to ‘1500 µl remaining’.
Cleaning the Priming Plate
Applies only to Synergy™ HT models with injectors.
Clean the priming plate regularly to prevent bacteria growth and residue buildup. Wash
the plate in hot soapy water, using a small brush to clean in the corners if necessary. Rinse
thoroughly and allow it to dry completely.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 133
Cleaning the Internal Components
Applies only to Synergy™ HT models with injectors.
The Synergy HT’s internal components that require routine cleaning include:
•
Optical probes
•
Surface beneath the microplate carrier
•
Internal dispense tubes and injector heads
The internal components should be cleaned at least quarterly. In addition, if fluid has
spilled inside the instrument and/or if an unusually high background signal has been
flagged by the assay controls (typically blanks or negative controls), the optical probes and
the surface beneath the microplate carrier should be cleaned.
™ The procedures in this section should be performed in succession.
Start with Removing the Reader’s Shroud and execute the
procedures that meet your needs, in the order in which they are
presented. Finish with Reassembling the Components.
We recommend running a System Test (via Gen5™ or KC4™) before and after
performing these cleaning procedures. This will verify that all systems are functioning
properly and allow you to compare results before and after maintenance.
Caution! The buildup of deposits left by the evaporation
of spilled fluids within the read chamber can impact
performance of both the fluorescence and absorbance
functions. Be sure to perform a System Test before and
after maintenance so that any changes in performance can
be noted.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
134 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Required Materials
Warning! Always wear protective gloves and safety
glasses when performing cleaning/maintenance
procedures.
For all tasks:
•
Protective gloves
•
Safety glasses
For removing the shroud and some of the internal components:
•
Phillips-head screwdriver
•
1/8” Allen wrench
•
3/32” Allen wrench
For cleaning the internal dispense tubes and injector heads, as well as for wiping
the surface under the plate carrier:
•
Mild detergent
•
Clean, lint-free cotton cloths
•
Deionized or distilled water
•
Stylus (stored in a plastic cylinder affixed to the rear of the dispense
module or reader) (PN 2872304)
For cleaning the optical probes:
•
Clean cotton swabs
•
Isopropyl alcohol
•
Lens-cleaning tissue
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 135
Removing the Reader’s Shroud
The Synergy™ HT’s shroud (cover) must be removed to expose the internal
components.
Caution! Before removing the shroud: Purge the
dispense module (see page 129 for instructions), and then
turn off and disconnect the reader from its power supply,
the PC, and the dispense module.
1.
Disconnect power and all cables. Set the external dispense module aside.
2.
Place the Synergy HT on a work surface that allows you to easily access all
sides of the instrument.
3.
Remove four black Phillips-head screws: one at the bottom rear corner on
each side, and two at the top center of the rear panel.
Remove two screws from the
top center of the rear panel
Remove two
side screws
™
Note: When reinstalling the shroud, press down firmly on the top to
maintain a good light seal while tightening the top screws.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
136 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
4.
Stand facing the front of the instrument. Grasp both sides of the shroud,
slide it toward you, and pull it straight off the instrument. Set the shroud
aside.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 137
Removing the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads
Take a moment to identify the components described in this section:
Tubing ports (2) for connecting
the two internal dispense tubes to
the two external dispense tubes
Internal tubes
(2, black) for
delivering fluid
to the injector
heads
Injector heads
(2, white) for dispensing
fluid into microwells
Cable clamp
for holding the
tubes in place
Figure 37: Internal components for the injection system
SYRINGE 1
Important! When reinstalling the
internal dispense tubes, be sure to
align the tubing ports with the injector
heads as shown in this diagram. Look
for the SYRINGE 1 and SYRINGE 2
labels on the instrument’s rear panel.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
SYRINGE 2
138 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Perform these steps to remove both sets of internal dispense tubes and injector
heads:
1.
Open the cable clamp to release the tubes.
2.
Locate the tubing ports on the reader’s rear wall. Turn each tube’s
thumbscrew counterclockwise and gently pull the tube from the port.
Cable
clamp
3.
Locate the injector heads. Turn each tube’s thumbscrew counterclockwise to
disconnect the tube from the injector head.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 139
4.
Turn the injector heads counterclockwise and gently pull them out of their
sockets.
™ Note: Be sure to seat the injector tips securely when reinstalling.
See the photo on page 150.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
140 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Cleaning the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads
As discussed on page 124,
some reagents can crystallize
and clog the tubing and
injector heads.
Daily flushing and purging
can help to prevent this, but
more rigorous cleaning may
be necessary if reagent has
been allowed to dry in the
tubing and/or injectors.
To clean the tubes:
1.
Soak the internal tubes in hot soapy water to soften and dissolve any
hardened particles.
Flush each tube by holding it vertically under a stream of water from a
faucet.
To clean the injector heads:
2.
™ Do not remove the o-ring from the injector head (see photos below).
1.
Gently insert the stylus (PN 2872304) into each injector head pipe to clear
any blockages. (The stylus should be stored in a plastic cylinder affixed to
the rear of the dispense module or reader.)
2.
Stream water from a faucet through the pipe to be sure it is clean. If the
water does not stream out, try soaking the heads in hot soapy water and
then reinserting the stylus.
O-ring; do
not remove
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 141
Cleaning the Optical Probes
The optical probes should be cleaned at least quarterly. They should also be cleaned
if reagent has spilled and/or if an unusually high background signal has been
flagged by the assay controls (typically blanks or negative controls).
Contaminated probes can lead to a loss of sensitivity (e.g., instead of being able to
meet the 10 pg/ml concentration detection limit, the instrument may only be able
to meet 20 pg/ml). Another indicator is the %CV in the Corners liquid test—it may
increase due to the “Noise” in the chamber from any spilled fluorescing
compounds.
•
To access the optical probes, the first step is to unplug the reader and
remove its shroud (cover). If you haven’t already done this, turn to page
135 now for instructions. Note: For models without injectors, the internal
chamber and probes are not customer-accessible. Contact BioTek’s
Technical Assistance Center with any questions about your particular
model.
•
We recommend cleaning the internal tubes and injector heads along with
the optical probes. Instructions for removing and cleaning these
components are provided on pages 137 through 140.
•
Before starting this procedure, gather some supplies:
¾
Small container of isopropyl alcohol
¾
Small container of deionized or distilled water
¾
Lens-cleaning tissue
¾
Cotton swabs
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
142 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
Take a moment to identify the components discussed in this section:
Thumbscrew
to access
ground wire
Heater/thermistor
connectors (2)
Thumbscrews (2, black)
for holding the incubator
housing in place
Top optical probe
Incubator
housing
Top probe hanger, with
two shoulder screws
Screw for lowering
and raising the top
optical probe
Figure 38: Internal components to be removed/adjusted for cleaning the optic probes
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 143
Once the shroud has been removed and the internal tubes and injector heads have
been removed and cleaned (see page 140), follow these instructions to remove a
few more components and then clean the optical probes:
1.
Disconnect the heater and thermistor wires. To do this, depress the small
tab (pictured below) and separate the connectors.
Depress tab to separate
the connectors
2.
Remove the thumbscrew located in the left rear of the instrument and set it
aside. This exposes the ground wire.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
144 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
3.
Lift the ground wire and move it off to the side.
4.
Locate the two black thumbscrews that hold the incubator housing in place.
Remove both of them and set them aside.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 145
5.
Turn the top probe screw counterclockwise to lower the probe hanger all
the way to the bottom. (Rotate the screw, not the ring around it.)
Rotate
counterclockwise
6.
Gently lift the left side of the incubator housing and carefully slide it out.
Note:
When replacing the
incubator housing,
the two “forks” on
its right side should
wrap around the
holding screws.
The forks should
not slide under the
fixed foam housing.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
146 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
7.
Use a 1/8” Allen wrench to remove the top optical probe’s holding screw.
8.
Gently pull the optical probe up and out of its socket to expose it for
cleaning. Soak the probe in alcohol for one minute maximum. Wipe with
lens-cleaning tissue and set aside.
Clean with
alcohol and
lens tissue
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 147
9.
Use a 3/32” Allen wrench to remove the two shoulder screws securing the
top probe hanger. Remove the screws and set them aside.
Shoulder
screws
10. Drop the top probe hanger down and slide to the left to remove it. Turn the
hanger upside down to clean the absorbance lens (see instructions on the
next page). Do not touch the lens with your fingers! Inspect the block
for spills or other contamination. Carefully clean with mild detergent if
necessary.
Absorbance
Lens
Probe hanger
(bottom view)
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
148 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
™ Important! When cleaning the absorbance lens with the swab, apply
very little pressure to the lens! Applying too much pressure can push
the lens out of its holder; reinstallation must be performed by BioTek
service personnel. If the lens does fall out, contact BioTek TAC.
11. Use a cotton swab moistened with alcohol to gently clean the lens on the
top probe hanger.
12. Slide the microplate carrier out of the way. Use a cotton swab moistened
with alcohol to clean the lens on the instrument surface.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 149
Cleaning the Reader’s Internal Surface
1.
If you have not already done so, unplug the instrument and remove its shroud
(see page 135 for instructions). Follow the instructions under Cleaning the
Optical Probes to (at a minimum) disconnect the incubator wires, detach the
ground wire, lower the top optic probe hanger, and remove the incubator
housing (steps 1 through 6).
2.
Manually slide the microplate carrier to the left to engage the support pin, and
then away from the center surface.
Microplate carrier,
fully extended
3.
Moisten (do not soak) a clean cotton cloth with alcohol, water, or with water
and mild detergent. Wipe all sides of the plate carrier. Wipe the instrument’s
horizontal surface.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
150 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
4.
If detergent was used, wipe the surfaces with a cloth moistened with water.
5.
Use a clean, dry, lint-free cloth to dry all wet surfaces.
Reassembling the Components
Perform these steps in the order listed to reassemble the components. Refer to the
page numbers shown for further instructions and photos demonstrating the steps.
1.
Slide the microplate carrier back into the instrument, p. 149.
2.
Insert the two injector heads into their sockets in the top probe hanger.
Do not touch the absorbance lens with your fingers! Ensure that the
injector heads are properly seated in the hanger. The knurled plastic should
sit flush against the hanger surface, as shown below.
3.
Attach the two internal dispense tubes to the injector heads, as shown
below. Do not overtighten the thumbscrews!
Continued on the next page.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Cleaning the Internal Components | 151
Here is the top probe hanger
ready for reinstallation, with
injector heads and internal
dispense tubes attached:
4.
Replace the top probe hanger and shoulder screws (using the 3/32” Allen
wrench), p. 147.
5.
Insert the top optic probe into its socket and replace its holding screw
(using the 1/8” Allen wrench), p. 146.
6.
Replace the incubator housing and two thumbscrews, p. 145 and 144.
Do not slide the two “forks” on the housing’s right side under the fixed
foam housing.
7.
Replace the groundwire and its thumbscrew, p. 143.
8.
Reconnect the heater and thermistor wires, p. 143. Be sure to connect
wires of the same color.
9.
Attach the two internal dispense tubes to the tubing ports, taking care
to align the correct port with the correct injector head, p. 138.
10. Slide the two internal dispense tubes into the cable clamp and close the
clamp, p. 138.
11. Review the steps you just performed to make sure the components have
been properly reassembled.
12. Slide the shroud onto the instrument, p. 136.
13. Replace the four Phillips-head screws to securely attach the shroud to the
base, p. 135.
Performance Check
After reassembling the instrument, perform the following to verify that the
instrument is functioning properly:
•
Plug the instrument in and turn it on; allow its run-time system test to
complete. Run a System Test through Gen5™ or KC4™.
•
Run any required OQ/PQ tests.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
152 | Chapter 5: Preventive Maintenance
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Appendix A
Decontamination
This appendix contains procedures for decontaminating all models
of the Synergy™ HT.
Purpose .............................................................................154
Required Materials...............................................................155
Procedure for Models without Injectors ...................................156
Routine Procedure for Models With Injectors ...........................157
Clean Exposed Surfaces...................................................157
Decontaminate the Fluid Lines ..........................................158
Rinse the Fluid Lines .......................................................159
Clean the Internal Tubing and Injector Heads .....................159
Clean the Tip Priming Trough and Priming Plate ..................160
Alternate Procedure for Models with Injectors..........................161
154 | Appendix A: Decontamination
Purpose
Any laboratory instrument that has been used for research or clinical analysis is
considered a biohazard and requires decontamination prior to handling.
Decontamination minimizes the risk to all who come into contact with the instrument
during shipping, handling, and servicing. Decontamination is required by the U.S.
Department of Transportation regulations.
Persons performing the decontamination process must be familiar with the basic setup
and operation of the instrument.
BioTek Instruments, Inc. recommends the use of the following
decontamination solutions and methods based on our
knowledge of the instrument and recommendations of the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Neither
BioTek nor the CDC assumes any liability for the adequacy of
these solutions and methods. Each laboratory must ensure
that decontamination procedures are adequate for the
Biohazard(s) they handle.
Wear prophylactic gloves when handling contaminated
instruments. Gloved hands should be considered
contaminated at all times; keep gloved hands away from eyes,
mouth, and nose. Eating and drinking while decontaminating
instruments is not advised.
Mucous membranes are considered prime entry routes for
infectious agents. Wear eye protection and a surgical mask
when there is a possibility of aerosol contamination. Intact
skin is generally considered an effective barrier against
infectious organisms; however, small abrasions and cuts may
not always be visible. Wear protective gloves when
performing the decontamination procedure.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Required Materials | 155
Required Materials
For all Synergy™ HT models:
•
Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO, or bleach)
•
70% isopropyl alcohol (as an alternative to bleach)
•
Deionized or distilled water
•
Safety glasses
•
Surgical mask
•
Protective gloves
•
Lab coat
•
Biohazard trash bags
•
125 ml beakers
•
Clean, lint-free cotton cloths
Additional materials for models with injectors:
•
Phillips-head screwdriver
•
Small brush for cleaning the tip priming trough and priming plate
•
(Optional) Mild detergent
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
156 | Appendix A: Decontamination
Procedure for Models without Injectors
The sodium hypochlorite (bleach) solution is caustic;
wear gloves and eye protection when handling the solution.
Do not immerse the instrument, spray it with liquid, or use a
“wet” cloth. Do not allow the cleaning solution to run into the
interior of the instrument. If this happens, contact the BioTek
Service Department.
Important! Turn off and unplug the instrument for all
decontamination and cleaning operations.
1.
Turn off and unplug the instrument.
2.
Prepare an aqueous solution of 0.50% sodium hypochlorite (bleach). As an
alternative, 70% isopropyl alcohol may be used if the effects of bleach are a
concern.
™ Be sure to check the percent NaClO of the bleach you are using; this
information is printed on the side of the bottle. Commercial bleach is
typically 10.0% NaClO; if this is the case, prepare a 1:20 dilution.
Household bleach is typically 5.0% NaClO; if this is the case, prepare a
1:10 dilution.
3.
Moisten a cloth with the bleach solution or alcohol. Do not soak the cloth.
4.
Manually open the plate carrier door; slide out the plate carrier.
5.
Wipe the plate carrier and all exposed surfaces of the instrument.
6.
Wait 20 minutes. Moisten a cloth with deionized (DI) or distilled water and
wipe all surfaces of the instrument that have been cleaned with the bleach
solution or alcohol.
7.
Use a clean, dry cloth to dry all wet surfaces.
8.
Reassemble the instrument as necessary.
9.
Discard the used gloves and cloths using a Biohazard trash bag and an
approved Biohazard container.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Routine Procedure for Models With Injectors | 157
Routine Procedure for Models With Injectors
™ Note: Perform this Routine Procedure when all systems are
functioning normally on the Synergy™ HT with Injectors. If you are
unable to prime the Synergy HT due to a system failure, perform the
Alternate Procedure described on page 161.
If disinfecting with sodium hypochlorite (bleach), be sure to
flush repeatedly with deionized water to ensure that no bleach
is carried over. After disinfecting with sodium hypochlorite,
perform the rinse procedure provided on page 159.
If disinfecting with alcohol, do not immediately prime with
deionized water, because the drying effect of the alcohol is an
important aspect of its disinfectant properties.
Clean Exposed Surfaces
1.
Turn off and unplug the instrument.
2.
Prepare an aqueous solution of 0.50% sodium hypochlorite (bleach). As an
alternative, 70% isopropyl alcohol may be used if the effects of bleach are a
concern.
™ Be sure to check the percent NaClO of the bleach you are using; this
information is printed on the side of the bottle. Commercial bleach is
typically 10.0% NaClO; if this is the case, prepare a 1:20 dilution.
Household bleach is typically 5.0% NaClO; if this is the case, prepare
a 1:10 dilution.
3.
Manually open the plate carrier door; slide out the plate carrier.
4.
Moisten a cloth with the bleach solution or alcohol. Do not soak the cloth.
5.
Wipe the plate carrier and the exposed surfaces of the external dispense
module.
6.
Wait 20 minutes. Moisten a cloth with deionized (DI) or distilled water and
wipe all surfaces that have been cleaned with the bleach solution or alcohol.
7.
Use a clean, dry cloth to dry all wet surfaces.
Continued on the next page.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
158 | Appendix A: Decontamination
8.
Reassemble the instrument as necessary.
9.
If the dispense module is installed, detach the outlet tubes from the rear panel
of the instrument. If it is not installed, attach just the dispense module’s
communication cable to the instrument. Remove the supply bottles and their
holders.
10. Perform the procedures described below through page 160 to decontaminate
the fluid lines in the dispense module, the internal tubing and injector heads,
and the tip priming trough and priming plate.
Decontaminate the Fluid Lines
1.
Place a beaker with 20 ml of 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution or 70%
isopropyl alcohol near SYRINGE 1 on the dispense module.
2.
Place the SYRINGE 1 inlet tube in the beaker.
3.
If you have not already done so, detach the dispense module’s outlet tubes
from the instrument’s rear panel. Place the ends of the outlet tubes in an empty
beaker and set the beaker on the work surface.
4.
Launch Gen5™ or KC4™, select System|Reader Control, and click the
Dispenser tab.
5.
Select Dispenser 1, enter a Volume of 5000 µl, and keep the default dispense
Rate.
6.
Place the priming plate on the carrier (it is not used, but the reader requires its
presence).
7.
Run two prime cycles, for a total of 10000 µl.
8.
Pause for 20 to 30 minutes to allow the solution to disinfect the tubing.
9.
Remove the inlet tube from the beaker of disinfectant solution.
10. From the Reader Control dialog, change the Volume to 1000 µl.
11. Run one prime cycle, to flush the disinfectant out of the fluid lines.
12. Empty the beaker containing the outlet tubes. Put the tubes back in.
13. Important! If sodium hypochlorite (bleach) was used, perform Rinse the Fluid
Lines on the next page.
Otherwise, (or after performing the Rinse procedure), repeat steps 1-13 for
SYRINGE 2 / Dispenser 2.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Routine Procedure for Models With Injectors | 159
Rinse the Fluid Lines
Perform this procedure only if decontamination was performed using sodium hypochlorite.
1.
Place a beaker containing at least 30 ml of deionized water on the dispense
module.
2.
Place the SYRINGE 1 or 2 inlet tube in the beaker.
3.
If you have not already done so, place the outlet tubes in an empty
beaker.
4.
From the Reader Control dialog, select Dispenser 1 or 2, set the Volume
to 5000 µl, and keep the default dispense Rate.
5.
Run five prime cycles, for a total of 25000 μl.
6.
Pause for 10 minutes and then run one prime cycle with 5000 µl. This
delay will allow any residual sodium hypochlorite to diffuse into the
solution and be flushed out with the next prime.
7.
Empty the beaker containing the outlet tubes.
8.
Wipe all surfaces with deionized water.
9.
Discard the used gloves and cloths using a Biohazard trash bag and an
approved Biohazard container.
Clean the Internal Tubing and Injector Heads
Turn to Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance and perform the following
procedures to access, remove, and clean the internal tubing and injector heads:
•
Required Materials
•
Removing the Reader’s Shroud
•
Removing the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads
•
Cleaning the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads
When finished, replace the internal components and the reader’s shroud.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
160 | Appendix A: Decontamination
Clean the Tip Priming Trough and Priming Plate
1.
Remove the tip priming trough from the left rear of the instrument’s microplate
carrier (see below).
2.
Wash the tip priming trough and priming plate in hot, soapy water. Use a small
brush or cloth to clean the corners of the trough and plate.
3.
To decontaminate, soak the trough and plate in a container of 0.5% sodium
hypochlorite or 70% isopropyl alcohol for 20 to 30 minutes.
4.
If decontaminating in bleach solution, remove the trough and plate, and
thoroughly rinse with DI water.
If decontaminating with alcohol, remove the trough and plate and let them air
dry.
5.
Discard the used gloves and cloths using a Biohazard trash bag and an
approved Biohazard container.
Figure 39: Tip priming trough and priming plate
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Alternate Procedure for Models with Injectors | 161
Alternate Procedure for Models with Injectors
If you are unable to prime the Synergy™ HT due to a system failure, decontaminate the
instrument and the Dispense Module as follows:
1.
2.
Turn to Chapter 5, Preventive Maintenance and perform the following
procedures to remove the shroud and remove/clean the internal tubes and
injector heads. When finished, leave the shroud off the reader and proceed to
step 2 below.
•
Required Materials
•
Removing the Reader’s Shroud
•
Removing the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads
•
Cleaning the Internal Tubes and Injector Heads
Prepare an aqueous solution of 0.50% sodium hypochlorite (bleach). As an
alternative, 70% isopropyl alcohol may be used if the effects of bleach are a
concern.
™ Be sure to check the percent NaClO of the bleach you are using; this
information is printed on the side of the bottle. Commercial bleach is
typically 10.0% NaClO; if this is the case, prepare a 1:20 dilution.
Household bleach is typically 5.0% NaClO; if this is the case, prepare
a 1:10 dilution.
3.
Slide the microplate carrier out of the instrument.
4.
Moisten a cloth with the bleach solution or alcohol. Do not soak the cloth.
5.
Use the cloth to wipe:
•
All surfaces of the shroud
•
All surfaces of the plate carrier
•
The instrument’s rear panel
•
The exposed surfaces of the dispense module, including the syringe valves
Continued on the next page.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
162 | Appendix A: Decontamination
6.
Remove the external tubing and the syringes from the dispense module and
soak them in the bleach or alcohol solution. Wait for 20 minutes.
™ To remove the syringes: Pull down the syringe bracket until it stops.
Remove the metal thumbscrew from underneath the bracket. Unscrew
the top of the syringe from the bottom of the syringe drive. Gently
remove the syringe and store it in its original packaging (see Chapter
2, Installation).
7.
Moisten a cloth with DI or distilled water and wipe all surfaces that have been
cleaned with the bleach solution or alcohol.
8.
Rinse all tubing and the syringes with DI water.
9.
Use a clean, dry cloth to dry all wet surfaces on the instrument and the
Dispense module.
10. Reassemble the instrument and dispense module as necessary.
11. Discard the used gloves and cloths using a Biohazard trash bag and an
approved Biohazard container.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Appendix B
Computer Control
The Synergy™ HT is completely computer-controlled; it is not
equipped with a keypad or its own user interface. BioTek’s Gen5™
and KC4™ software packages support all Synergy HT models and
are used for both instrument control and data reduction.
For information on serial protocol commands and/or system
integration, please contact your BioTek sales representative or
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
164 | Appendix B: Computer Control
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Appendix C
Error Codes
This section lists and describes the possible error codes that may
appear on the controlling PC.
Error Codes ........................................................................166
Fatal Errors....................................................................167
Non-Fatal Errors .............................................................168
Home Sensor Initial Find Errors (0100-0307) .................168
Home Sensor Verification Errors (0400-0409) ................172
Saturation Errors (0500-0616) .....................................174
Absorbance Reader Noise Errors (0700-0A16) ................180
Internal Self-Test Errors (0D00-2918) ...........................184
Other Errors (2A00-4000) ...........................................196
Status String Format ...........................................................202
166 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Error Codes
When an error occurs during operation with the Synergy™ HT, an error code will appear
on the controlling PC. In the sample Gen5™ and KC4™ screens below, the error codes are
0201 and 2B0A, respectively:
Error codes are represented as four-character identifiers. The first character will be 0, 1, 2,
3, 4, or A. For some error codes, the fourth character gives specific information related to
the type of error.
•
0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 indicates a non-critical error, and the instrument will remain able to
respond to commands. See Non-Fatal Errors starting on page 168 for more
information. You can look up an error code to determine its probable cause.
•
An “A” indicates a more serious error with the memory or processing. In this case,
the instrument may be unable to respond; turn the instrument off and on again.
You may be able to use the instrument after restarting it. See Fatal Errors on the
next page.
If an error code is displayed, run a System Test for diagnostic purposes:
•
If you’re using Gen5, select System|Diagnostics|Run System Test.
•
If you’re using KC4, select System|Diagnostics|Run Optics Test.
™ The error code tables in this manual serve a varied audience, which
includes personnel equipped to service instruments. Use these tables
to assist you with diagnosing problems, and solving them if possible.
If you need help or more information, contact BioTek’s Technical
Assistance Center. See page 6 for contact information.
™ For errors that are displayed during operation of the Synergy HT with
the BioStack™ Microplate Stacker, refer to the BioStack Operator’s
Manual.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 167
Fatal Errors
Fatal errors indicate conditions that require immediate attention. If a fatal error is
displayed, contact BioTek’s Technical Assistance Center for further instructions.
Code
Description
A100
Task control block not available
A200
Read already in progress
A300
Motor not available
This error indicates that a motor is not available but it does not identify which motor was
requested.
A301
Real-time clock not available
A302
Display device not available
A304
T0 device not available
Timer 0, in addition to being used by the motors, is also used in microsecond timing for timeresolved measurements.
A400
Failed code checksum test on power-up
A500
DR steps alloc/free error <assay number>
(This error indicates old basecode; recommend upgrading)
A502
24V power dropped below safe level
A600
Data flash write timed out
A700
Data flash read back did not match write
A800
Code flash write timed out
A900
Memory allocation heap corrupted
AA01
Absorbance A/D converter did not see the Ready signal
(This error indicates old basecode; recommend upgrading)
AA02
Fluorescence A/D Converter did not see the Ready signal
(This error indicates old basecode; recommend upgrading)
Probable Causes:
• PMT detector PCB (AA02)
• Analog PCB (AA01)
• Motor/Power PCB (AA01 or AA02)
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
168 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Non-Fatal Errors
Non-fatal errors indicate non-fatal conditions that require attention. The last digit
of some error codes gives specific information related to the type of error. For
example, in the Home Sensor Initial Find Errors table that follows, the last digit
indicates which sensor was in error.
™ Note: The errors presented in the following tables are common to
multiple reader instruments, and may not all be applicable to any
single given reader.
Home Sensor Initial Find Errors (0100-0307)
These errors occur when the optical sensor for the axis in question never
electrically transitions from a high state to a low state. The causes can range from a
simple disconnected cable, obstructed axis (plate or shipping screw limiting
travel), or a defective sensor. The last digit of the error identifies the axis.
Code
0100
Description and Probable Causes:
Abort Error
This error indicates that the read or task has been aborted.
0101
Abort Error
This error indicates that the read or task has been aborted. 0101 indicates that the abort was a
software abort.
Possible Causes
• User aborted read from Gen5™ or KC4™.
• User aborted from another serial interface.
0200
X-axis motor did not find the home opto sensor transition
This error indicates that a motor was not able to move to its “home” position as registered by
feedback from an optical sensor.
Note: This error does not look for the mid or XY sensor. See 2A01 for mid sensor. See 2400 for
XY sensor.
Probable Causes:
• X-axis rail is dirty where the nylon slider bushings are worn and causing too much friction,
or dirt in roller bearings causing bearings to jam.
• The support pin on the carrier has moved, preventing it from properly sitting between the
two roller bearings on the bearing block.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Defective Motor Controller PCB.
• Carrier front support screws are not adjusted or are worn, causing the carrier to no longer
be level. The support pin is no longer inserting properly into the roller bearings.
• X-axis PCB is not adequately adjusted to the right, and will not allow the flag to enter the
opto sensor enough to trip the sensor. Loosen the two screws and slide the PCB to the right
and retighten. Run the carrier autocal for both absorbance and fluorescence.
• Carrier is not able to move into read chamber. An object may be obstructing the carrier’s
path.
• See Field Change Notice L0030.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 169
Code
0201
Description and Probable Causes:
Y-axis motor did not find the home opto sensor transition
This error indicates that a motor was not able to move to its “home” position as registered by
feedback from an optical sensor.
Note: The mid or XY sensor may cause an 0201 error. See 2A01 for mid sensor, see 2400 for XY
sensor.
Probable Causes:
• Y-axis rails are where the bearings are dirty and worn, and causing too much friction.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• If the Synergy is run with the wrong 24 Volt supply (48W instead of 100W) a user will
experience Y-axis errors (error code 0201) when reading a plate using incubation. This is
because the supply is not large enough to handle running the incubator and motors
simultaneously.
• Defective Motor Controller PCB or cable.
• Carrier not able to move into the read chamber. An object may be obstructing the carrier’s
path.
0202
EX Filter Wheel did not home
Probable Causes:
• Filter wheel is not inserted into to the EX assembly.
• Filter wheel is not moving due to an obstruction, or because the filter is not clipped in.
• Filter wheel is not moving because gear teeth on the filter wheel are binding with the gear
teeth on the motor.
• Defective or broken Hall Effect sensor.
• Defective Motor Controller PCB or cable.
• Motors failed due to the bearings.
0203
EM Filter Wheel did not Home
Probable Causes:
• Filter wheel is not inserted into the EM assembly.
• Filter wheel is not moving due to an obstruction, or because the filter is not clipped in.
• Filter wheel is not moving because the gear teeth on the filter wheel are binding with the
gear teeth on the motor.
• Defective or broken Hall Effect sensor.
• Defective Motor Controller PCB or cable.
• Motors failed due to the bearings.
0204
Monochromator Filter Wheel did not home (order-sorting filters)
Probable Causes:
• Filter wheel is not tight, and wobbles.
• Filter wheel is not moving because it is too close to the motor gear and is binding.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Defective motor, Motor Controller PCB, or cable.
• Motors failed due to the bearings.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
170 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
0206
Description and Probable Causes:
Z-axis (Top Probe) did not home
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved or is loose.
• A heavy object is on top of the reader causing the case to interfere with the z-axis travel.
• The lead screw is loose on the motor shaft because the glue is no longer bonding it to the
motor shaft. (Reference Field Change Notice L0031.)
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Fiber-optic cable is not tied to the upper probe assembly and has moved into the top
probe’s path, not allowing the top probe to reach the optical sensor.
• Defective motor, Motor Controller PCB, or cable.
• Upper absorbance lens is loose and has rotated 90 degrees, thus jamming the lens into the
photodiode. Damage to the photodiode can occur.
0207
Probe Changer did not home
Probable Causes:
• Defective optical sensor.
• Defective motor, Motor Controller PCB, or cable.
• The probe changer assembly is not able to move because a foreign object is preventing the
movement.
0208
Syringe 0 did not home (also known as the first syringe drive)
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty, or lack of lubrication is causing the bearings to jam.
• The lead screw is loose on the motor shaft because the glue is no longer bonding it to the
motor shaft.
• Defective optical sensor.
• Defective motor, Motor Controller PCB, or cable.
• Cable between the dispenser and the Synergy is defective, too long, or there is a lost
connection.
• For certain older dispensers, opto cable 7330506 may need to be replaced with 7120734.
0209
Syringe 1 did not home (also known as the second syringe drive)
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty, or lack of lubrication is causing the bearings to jam.
• The lead screw is loose on the motor shaft because the glue is no longer bonding it to the
motor shaft.
• Defective optical sensor.
• Defective motor, Motor Controller PCB, or cable.
• Cable between the dispenser and the Synergy is defective, too long, or there is a lost
connection.
• For certain older dispensers, opto cable 7330506 may need to be replaced with 7120734.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 171
Code
0300
Description and Probable Causes:
Saturation transition failed in the X-axis movement
(light beam never found)
This error indicates that during the X-axis movement, the light beam (saturation) transition (max
light to no light) was never found during autocalibration.
Probable Causes:
Absorbance mode:
• The rail, nylon bushings, or bearings are dirty, causing the carrier to jam.
• The Autocal jig is not in the carrier.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed and is not able to turn to the open hole.
Fluorescence mode:
• The rail, nylon bushings, or bearings are dirty.
• The Autocal jig is not in the carrier, or mirrors are facing the wrong direction.
0301
Saturation transition failed in the Y-axis movement
(light beam never found)
This error indicates that during the Y-axis movement, the light beam (saturation) transition (max
light to no light) was never found.
Probable Causes:
Absorbance mode:
• The rail, nylon bushings, or bearings are dirty, causing the carrier to jam.
• The Autocal jig is not in the carrier.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed and is not able to turn to the open hole.
Fluorescence mode:
• The rail, nylon bushings, or bearings are dirty.
• The Autocal jig is not in the carrier, or mirrors are facing the wrong direction.
0302/
0303
EX/EM filter wheel did not home
(This error code indicates older basecode. Recommend upgrading.) This error indicates the filter
wheel did not rotate to activate the Hall Effect home sensor.
Probable Causes:
• The Filter Wheel is removed when the instrument is powered on and the wheel positioning
is changed.
• The filter wheel is jammed. Reseating the filter wheel may correct this.
0304
Monochromator order-sorting filter wheel did not home
This error is caused when the Order-sorting Filter Wheel cannot rotate to the home sensor
position.
Probable Causes:
• The motor or motor driver circuit is defective.
• The home sensor or sensor circuit is defective.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
172 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
0305
Description and Probable Causes:
Saturation transition failed in the Monochromator motor movement (light beam
never found)
During the instrument initialization, the monochromator is homed by rotating the
monochromator mirror until the white light (full light) is detected. This requires a fully
functional Flash lamp/detection system.
Probable Causes:
• Defective Analog PCB.
• Defective Flash Lamp and or Flash Lamp Power Supply. (Inconsistent flashes; high
probability.)
• Defective motor/Power PCB.
• Defective monochromator (low probability).
• Order sorting filter wheel motor failed due to the bearings. The filter wheel does not move
to the open hold, allowing the monochromator to find home.
0306
Probe height (Z) axis did not find home
(This error code indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
Probable Causes:
• The optical flag is not adjusted properly.
• The Z-axis lead screw is no longer glued to the motor shaft.
• The upper fiber bundle is hitting the top of the shroud due to not being properly tied
down.
0307
Probe changer motor did not find home
(This error code indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
Probable Causes:
• An obstruction is preventing the motor from moving.
• The motor and/or motor drive circuit is defective.
• The sensor and/or sensor circuit defective.
Home Sensor Verification Errors (0400-0409)
These errors occur when the optical sensor is not found again within a range of
where it was last found. The causes can range from loose transmission components
to marginal adjustments. The last digit of the error identifies the axis in question.
Code
0400
Description and Probable Causes:
Carrier X-axis failed positional verify
X-axis motor failed to get to the same position when moved a known number of steps from the
home position and back.
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved or is loose.
• Dirty rail, nylon bushings, or bearings.
• Carrier support pin is out of adjustment.
• Reference Field Change Notice L0030.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 173
Code
0401
Description and Probable Causes:
Carrier Y-axis failed positional verify
Y-axis motor failed to get to the same position when moved a known number of steps from the
home position and back.
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved or is loose.
• Foreign object in the path of the carrier.
• Dirty rail and bearings.
0402
EX filter wheel failed positional verify
Probable Causes:
• The filter cartridge was removed and then reseated when the instrument was powered up.
Running the system test will clear this error.
• Filter wheel is binding against the motor gear.
• Motors failed due to the bearings.
0403
EM Filter Wheel failed positional verify
Probable Causes:
• The filter cartridge was removed and then reseated when the instrument was powered up.
Running the system test will clear this error.
• Filter wheel is binding against the motor gear.
• Motors failed due to the bearings.
0404
Monochromator Filter Wheel failed positional verify (order-sorting filters)
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved or is loose.
• Filter wheel is binding against the motor gear.
• Motors failed due to the bearings.
0405
Monochromator failed to find the zero order position. (White light or positional
verify)
The order-sorting filter wheel is homed and moved to the open hole position. The
monochromator is moved until the optical system detects saturation. It is then moved to the
point where there is no saturation and then moved back to the saturation point. This error is
indicating the saturation did not clear or appear.
Probable Causes:
• Flash lamp is missing flashes or is not flashing.
• The optic system does not detect the saturation (Analog PCB).
• Order-sorting filter wheel is binding against the motor gear, not allowing the open hole to
line up correctly.
• Order-sorting filter motor failed due to the bearings.
• Bearings within the grating mirror are causing the monochromator to jam.
0406
Z-axis (Top Probe) failed position verify
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved or is loose.
• The lead screw is loose on the motor shaft because the glue is no longer bonding it to the
motor shaft. Reference Field Change Notice L0031.
• Fiber-optic cable is not tied to the upper probe assembly, and has moved into the top
probe’s path, not allowing the top probe to reach the optical sensor.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
174 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
0407
Description and Probable Causes:
Probe Changer failed position verify
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved or is loose.
• The probe changer assembly is not allowed to move due to a foreign object preventing its
movement.
0408
Syringe 0 failed position verify (also known as the first syringe drive)
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved, is loose, or has intermittently failed.
• For certain older dispensers, opto cable 7330506 may need to be replaced with 7120734.
• The linear way and bearings are dirty or lack sufficient grease.
• The lead screw is loose on the motor shaft because the glue is no longer bonding it to the
motor shaft.
• The assembly is not able to move because a foreign object is preventing the movement.
0409
Syringe 1 failed position verify (also known as the second syringe drive)
Probable Causes:
• The optical trigger flag has moved, is loose, or has intermittently failed.
• For certain older dispensers, opto cable 7330506 may need to be replaced with 7120734.
• The linear way and bearings are dirty or lack sufficient grease.
• The lead screw is loose on the motor shaft because the glue is no longer bonding it to the
motor shaft.
• The assembly is not able to move because a foreign object is preventing the movement.
Saturation Errors (0500-0616)
These errors occur in several places when the measurement channel in use is found
to be in an unexpected saturation condition. The error decoding is complex and
requires some orientation in terms of where the failure occurs. The correct
identification will depend on listening to the unit function prior to the reported
error. For example, if the monochromator motor were in motion during a selfcheck, a 0500 error would indicate an ABS measurement channel error. A 0501
error would represent an absorbance reference channel. If the fluorometric
measurement system is in use (filter wheels homing), a 0500 error could indicate a
missing filter. In this case, a 0501 would indicate a missing filter in position 1 of the
wheel, which was last homing prior to the error condition being detected.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 175
Code
0500
Description and Probable Causes:
Light beam saturated (too much light). Air reading reached 65535 or PMT Relative
Fluorescing Units (RFU) reached FFFF (99999).
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• (1) During an absorbance filter calibration or wavelength scan, the reference channel is
saturated when storing to memory.
• (2) During a fluorescence-dispensing read, after dispensing, the read times-out due to the
sample saturating the PMT.
• (3) During a spectral scan read, the reference channel reached saturation at one or more of
the selected wavelengths.
• (4) During fluorescence autocalibration, the light level did not reduce to more than half the
saturation light level when the carrier was moved away from center.
Probable Causes:
Scenario 2 (fluorescence-dispensing read):
• Incorrect chemistry was dispensed into the well.
Scenarios 1 and 3 (spectral scan):
• Monochromator has a defect in the mirror gradients.
• Absorbance analog PCB intermittently failed.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
Scenario 4 (fluorescence autocalibration):
• The surface of the autocalibration jig is too reflective. Return the jig to BioTek for a
replacement jig.
• The carrier did not move far enough to block the light beam. Troubleshoot the carrier
movement.
0501
Light beam saturated (light). Air measurement channel reading reached 65535 or
PMT Relative Fluorescing Units (RFU) reached FFFF (99999).
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• (1) Prior to a fluorescence read or during a system test, the PMT is tested for operation; the
gain is set at 153. Is the PMT operating properly?
• (2) The PMT is constantly being checked for an overload condition.
• (3) During a spectral scan read, the measurement channel reached saturation at one or
more of the selected wavelengths.
• (4) Filter 1 in absorbance mode has saturated the measurement channel.
Probable Causes:
Scenarios 1 and 2 (fluorescence or system test):
• The PMT is defective.
• The connector from the PMT base to the analog board is defective. The ground/shield is
not grounding properly.
• The PMT base is defective.
• The PMT analog PCB is defective.
Scenario 3 (Spectral scan read):
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB intermittently failed.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
176 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
Description and Probable Causes:
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
Scenario 4 (Reference channel):
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or motor power
supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
0502
Light beam saturated (too much light). Air measurement channel reading reached
65535 or PMT Relative Fluorescing Units (RFU) reached FFFF (99999).
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• (1) Prior to a fluorescence read or during a system test, the PMT is tested for operation; the
gain is set at 102. Is the PMT operating properly?
• (2) Filter 2 in absorbance mode has saturated the reference channel.
Probable Causes:
Scenario 1 (Fluorescence or System test):
• The PMT is defective.
• The connector from the PMT base to the analog board was not built correctly. The
ground/shield is not grounding properly.
• The PMT base is defective.
• The PMT analog PCB is defective.
Scenario 2 (Reference channel):
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
0503
Light beam saturated (too much light). Air reading reached 65535.
This error indicates that filter 3 in absorbance mode has saturated the reference channel.
Probable Causes:
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 177
Code
0504
Description and Probable Causes:
Light beam saturated (too much light). Air measurement channel reading reached
65535.
This error indicates that filter 4 in absorbance mode has saturated the reference channel.
Probable Causes:
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
0505
Measurement channel light beam saturated (too much light)
Fail if > 3 steps of error.
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• (1) When the monochromator is trying to find the center of the white light (home position),
the monochromator is not able to find home, or it found home somewhere other than
where it found home before.
• (2) Filter 5 in absorbance mode has saturated the reference channel.
• (3) During a fluorescence read, a well saturated the PMT.
Probable Causes:
Scenario 1 (Monochromator did not find home):
• Flash bulb skipped a flash due to a defective lamp connection or power supply.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the through hole with the light path.
• Monochromator is defective.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
Scenario 2 (Reference channel):
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
Scenario 3 (fluorescence read):
• Chemistry is too strong.
• Sensitivity is too high.
0506
Light beam saturated (too much light)
Air measurement channel reading reached 65535.
This error indicates that filter 6 in absorbance mode has saturated the reference channel.
Probable Causes:
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
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178 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
0508
Description and Probable Causes:
Light beam saturated (too much light)
Air measurement channel reading reached 65535.
This error indicates that during background tests or prior to a read, the PMT reached saturation.
When at rest, the PMT is charged to 650 volts to maintain stability for the next read. The Synergy
is constantly testing the PMT when idle. If light reaches the PMT, this error can occur.
Probable Causes:
• Light leakage or bright light in the read chamber.
• The EX filter wheel cartridge was removed prior to a Time-Resolve read, and ambient or
light from the lamp reached the PMT.
• Fluorescence analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• EM and EX filter wheel overlap. If a hole in the EM wheel is required, try positions 1 or 4.
(Basecode v2.14 or higher has greatly reduced the possibility of filter wheel overlap.)
0510
Reference channel light beam saturated (too much light)
Air reading reached 65535.
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• (1) During an absorbance filter calibration or wavelength scan, the measurement channel
was saturated when storing to memory.
• (2) During a spectral scan read, the measurement channel was saturated for one of the
wavelengths.
Probable Causes:
Scenario 1 (Filter calibration):
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
Scenario 2 (Spectral scan read):
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Absorbance analog PCB intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
0511-0516
Measurement channel light beam saturated (too much light)
Air reading reached 65535.
This error indicates that during a read or system test, one of the filters from 1 to 6 in absorbance
mode has saturated the measurement channel. The last number is the lambda table position
number.
Probable Causes:
• The monochromator mirror/grating has a defect.
• Absorbance analog PCB intermittently failed.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Voltage to the lamp has increased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 179
Code
0600
Description and Probable Causes:
Filter gain out of range
Fail if PMT saturation is not met within 3 ms.
This error indicates that during fluorescence autocalibration, the gain was increased to an unsafe
level, and the PMT analog PCB did not reach saturation.
Probable Causes:
• The autocalibration jig is incorrectly placed in the carrier. The mirrors are not facing in the
correct direction.
• The EM autocalibration jig is not connected to the PMT analog PCB.
0601 - 0606
Time-Resolved function reference channel gain out of range for the selected
wavelength
Fail if reference signal > 40000 and gain = 1.
This error indicates that the absorbance reference channel gain for a specific wavelength during
Time-resolved readings is out of the range necessary to ensure the lambda performance to
specifications. The second to last number is the lambda table position number.
Probable Causes:
• The absorbance reference channel PCB is defective.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is lined up, allowing white light to pass.
• Monochromator is defective.
• Flash lamp, alignment, or Flash lamp power supply is defective.
• Lamp is too bright.
0610 - 0660
Time-Resolved function reference channel gain out of range for the selected
wavelength
Fail if Reference signal > 40000 and Gain = 1.
Note: The order of the last two digits is <Filter> <Channel>. This is not consistent with other
error codes.
This error indicates that the absorbance reference channel gain for a specific wavelength during
Time-Resolved readings is out of the range necessary to ensure the lambda performance to
specifications. The second to last number is the lambda table position number.
Probable Causes:
• The absorbance reference channel PCB is defective.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the through hole is allowing white light to pass.
• Monochromator is defective.
• Flash lamp, alignment, or Flash lamp power supply is defective.
• Lamp is too bright.
0611 - 0616
Measurement channel gain out of range for the selected wavelength
Fail if Air reading > 60000 with a Gain = 1.
This error indicates that during a filter calibration or testing the reader prior to a read, one of the
filters saturated the measurement channel. The last number is the lambda table position
number.
Probable Causes:
• The monochromator mirror/grating is damaged.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path; the filter is degraded and not passing enough light energy, or filter is blocking the
light.
• Absorbance analog PCB has intermittently failed.
• Missed flashes or an erratic flash lamp.
• Voltage to the lamp has decreased due to failure of the lamp power supply, or the motor
power supply PCB sent the wrong voltage request to the lamp power supply.
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180 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Absorbance Reader Noise Errors (0700-0A16)
Typical noise data during the system self check is under 5 counts in both
measurement and reference channels. Failure of this test indicates basic instability.
The instrument should be returned for service to correct the problem.
Code
0700
Description and Probable Causes:
PMT Bias current offset
See “Bias current offset” on self-test. Fail if > 5 counts.
This error indicates that the PMT analog PCB noise level is elevated and is not able to
compensate. This is not affected by the PMT or PMT base. The PMT gain is set to 0.
Probable Causes:
• PMT analog board failed to compensate for elevated noise.
• Motor power supply PCB and PMT analog PCB not properly grounded (defective
connection)
• Motor power supply PCB is noisy, causing the PMT analog PCB to be noisy.
Absorbance reference channel noise test at max gain
See noise “Delta” on self-test fail if < 20.
This error indicates significant variations in background electronic noise were detected when
blocking the light and increasing the gain to maximum.
Probable Causes:
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and
properly fastened.
• The coaxial cable ground between the reference channel and the absorbance analog PCB
may be floating or disconnected.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Ensure the plate carrier door and the front hinged door
are properly closed.
• Analog PCB failure; the photodetector is noisy.
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
0710
Absorbance measurement channel noise test at max gain
See noise “Delta” on self-test fail if < 20.
This error indicates significant variations in background electronic noise were detected when
blocking the light and increasing the gain to maximum.
Probable Causes:
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and
properly fastened.
• The coaxial cable ground between the reference channel and the absorbance analog PCB
may be floating or not connected.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Ensure the plate carrier door and the front hinged door
are properly closed.
• Analog PCB failure; the photodetector is noisy.
• Faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 181
Code
0800
Description and Probable Causes:
PMT failed Noise Offset where the initial offset value was not between 700 and 2450
(see the “offset voltage” on the system test)
This error indicates that during the system test, the background electronic signal that was
detected is outside of acceptable limits at 0 gain when blocking the light.
Probable Causes:
If the value is larger than 2450:
• Too much light has saturated the PMT. Turn the unit off and wait 24 hours.
• A faulty PMT analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise,
or the motor power supply PCB is defective, or both.
• PMT or PMT base is defective.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Ensure the plate carrier door and the front hinged door
are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and
properly fastened.
If the value is less than 700:
• PMT base cable lost ground connection. Rebuild connector.
• PMT or PMT base defective or too quiet.
• PMT analog PCB and/or Motor power supply PCB are defective.
Absorbance reference channel failed offset range
See “noise Max” < 20000 and “noise Min” > 10 on the system test.
This error indicates that during the system test, the background electronic signal that was
detected is outside of acceptable limits at maximum gain when blocking the light.
Probable Causes:
If noise Max is > 20000:
• The photodetector is too noisy and is defective.
• Absorbance channel analog PCB is defective.
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Ensure the plate carrier door and the front hinged door
are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and
properly fastened.
If noise Min is < 10:
• The photodetector is not connected or is defective, giving a noise reading of zero.
• Absorbance channel analog PCB is defective.
0810
Absorbance measurement channel failed offset range
See “noise Max” < 20000 and “noise Min” > 10 on the system test.
This error indicates that during the system test, the background electronic signal that was
detected is outside of acceptable limits at maximum gain when blocking the light.
Probable Causes:
If noise Max is > 20000:
• The photodetector is too noisy and is defective.
• Absorbance channel analog PCB is defective.
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Make sure the plate carrier door and the front hinged
door are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
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182 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
Description and Probable Causes:
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Check to see if the shrouds are installed and are
properly fastened.
If noise Min is < 10:
• The photodetector is not connected, or the optic spray is damaged or defective, giving a
noise reading of zero.
• Absorbance channel analog PCB is defective.
0900
The absorbance reference channel Dark current value failed
See “Dark” on the system test. See criteria in text below.
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• The reference channel failed during a read or spectral scan for one of the following reasons:
- Dark value was < 100 during a spectral scan using 8 flashes and 8 resets during
sweep mode.
- Dark value was < 100 during a spectral scan using 8 flashes and the number of
resets saved for that wavelength during normal or rapid mode.
• The reference channel failed < 100 or > 20000 during filter calibration or spectral scan with
the flash on.
• The reference channel failed < 100 during filter calibration or spectral scan with the flash
off.
Probable Causes:
If failed < 100:
• Absorbance analog PCB or reference channel analog PCB is defective.
• Shielding of the cable between reference channel and analog PCB is defective or
disconnected.
• Reference channel photodetector is defective.
If failed > 20000:
• Reference channel photodetector is defective.
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Ensure the plate carrier door and the front hinged
door are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and
properly fastened.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the filter wheel to block the light path, or
the filter is degraded and is not passing enough light energy.
0901 – 0906
The absorbance reference channel Dark current value failed
See “Dark” on the system test. See criteria in text below.
The last number is the lambda table position number. This error can indicate one of the
following scenarios:
• The reference channel failed < 100 during the optic test with the flash on.
• The reference channel failed < 100 during a read or blank read not in sweep mode with the
flash off.
• The reference channel failed < 100 or the Dark value has changed more than 10% from the
last self-test data during a read or blank read with the flash on.
Probable Causes:
• Absorbance analog PCB or reference channel analog PCB is defective.
• Cable between reference channel and analog PCB is defective or disconnected.
• Reference channel photodetector is defective or the optic spray is damaged.
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Make sure the plate carrier door and the front hinged
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 183
Code
Description and Probable Causes:
door are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and are
properly fastened.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed and not aligning the filter wheel to block the light
path, or the filter is degraded and not passing enough light energy.
0910
The absorbance measurement channel Dark current value failed
See “Dark” on the system test. See criteria in text below.
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• The measurement channel failed during a read or spectral scan for one of the following
reasons:
- Dark value was < 100 during a spectral scan using 8 flashes and 8 resets during
sweep mode.
- Dark value was < 100 during a spectral scan using 8 flashes and the number of
resets saves for that wavelength during normal and rapid mode.
• The measurement channel failed < 100 or > 20000 during filter calibration or spectral scan
with the flash on.
• The measurement channel failed < 100 during filter calibration or spectral scan with the
flash off.
Probable Causes:
If failed < 100:
• Absorbance analog PCB or measurement channel analog PCB is defective.
• Shielding of the cable between the measurement channel and analog PCB is defective or
disconnected.
• Measurement channel photodetector is defective.
If failed > 20000:
• Measurement channel photodetector is defective.
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Make sure the plate carrier door and the front hinged
door are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Verify that the shrouds are installed and are
properly fastened.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the filter wheel to block the light path, or
the filter is degraded and is not passing enough light energy.
0911 - 0916
The absorbance measurement channel Dark current value failed
See “Dark” on the system test. See criteria in text below.
The last number is the lambda table position number. This error can indicate one of the
following scenarios:
• The measurement channel failed < 100 during optic test with the flash on.
• The measurement channel failed < 100 during a read or blank read not in sweep mode
with the flash off.
• The measurement channel failed < 100 or the Dark value has changed more than 10% from
the last self-test data during a read or blank read with the flash on.
Probable Causes:
• Absorbance analog PCB or measurement channel analog PCB is defective.
• Shielding of the cable between measurement channel and analog PCB is defective or
disconnected.
• Measurement channel photodetector is defective or the optic spray is damaged.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
184 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
Description and Probable Causes:
• A faulty analog PCB or faulty internal grounding may cause internal electronic noise.
• There may be an ambient light leak. Make sure the plate carrier door and the front hinged
door are properly closed.
• Electrical noise may be penetrating the measurement chamber. The bottom and top
shrouds are part of the electrical shielding. Check to see if the shrouds are installed and are
properly fastened.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the filter wheel to block the light path or
the filter is degraded and is not passing enough light energy.
0A01 – 0A06
Reference Channel Air/Blank out of range
See criteria in text below.
This error indicates the Air reading at the time of the plate read was < 50% of the Air reading at
the time of the optic test. The last number is the lambda table position number.
Probable Causes:
• Flash lamp has missed flashes or there is an erratic flash during the blank read.
• Dirty optics or spilled substance on the optics.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough light energy or is blocking the
light.
0A11 – 0A16
Measurement Channel Air/Blank out of range
See criteria in text below.
This error indicates the Air reading at the time of the plate read was < 50% of the Air reading at
the time of the optic test. The last number is the lambda table position number.
Probable Causes:
• Flash lamp has missed flashes or there is an erratic flash during the blank read.
• Dirty optics or spilled substance on the optics.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough light energy or is blocking the
light.
Internal Self-Test Errors (0D00-2918)
Code
0D00
Description and Probable Causes:
Wavelength calibration data missing during a spectral scan
See criteria in text below.
This error indicates that wavelength data is missing prior to a spectral scan, meaning the
wavelength has not been calibrated. This includes the Gain test data. (Look for the resets to be <
1 or > 8 to fail.)
Probable Causes:
• Memory is corrupt.
• The wavelength was not calibrated prior to the read.
• The gain test skipped or failed for this wavelength.
0D01 – 0D06
Wavelength calibration data missing during an absorbance read
See criteria in text below.
This error indicates that wavelength data is missing prior to an absorbance read, meaning the
wavelength has not been calibrated. This includes self-test and Gain test. (Look for the resets to
be < 1 or > 8 to fail.) The last number is the lambda table position number.
Probable Causes:
• The wavelength was not calibrated prior to the read.
• The gain test skipped or failed for this wavelength.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 185
Code
0E01 – 0E06
Description and Probable Causes:
Wavelength not found in table
Absorbance, Fluorescence / Luminescence.
This error indicates that the specified wavelength is not detected in the instrument’s filter table.
The last number is the filter set number in the assay protocol.
Probable Causes:
• Wavelength or bandpass was not entered correctly or was missing in filter table.
• Wavelength or bandpass was entered correctly in the PC software but was never sent to
reader.
• Verify the lambda table and the fluorescence filter table have the wavelengths loaded into
the instrument from the controlling PC software. Compare the contents of the lambda table
and Excitation and Emission filter wheels with the software’s filter table.
0F00
Reference channel correction outside limits
See criteria in text below.
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• During a spectral scan, the flash-on value minus flash-off is < 500 normal mode, or < 500 *
calibrated resets / 8 for sweep mode.
• During a spectral scan, the blanking on air uses minimal flashes to test the light
performance. A ratio is used to determine the performance of the lamp. The ratio used is:
Reference channel blank for wavelength / (flash-on reference data – corrected reference
dark offset). The ratio will fail if < 0.5 or > 2.0.
Probable Causes:
• Lamp, alignment, or lamp power supply failure.
• Defective reference channel analog PCB, or absorbance channel analog PCB, or the cable
in-between.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path and white light is passing through, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough
light energy or is blocking the light.
• Damaged optic spray.
0F01 – 0F06
Reference channel correction outside limits
See criteria in text below. See Delta (Air – Dark) on self-test.
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• During the system test, the Delta was < 500 for one of the wavelengths.
• During sweep mode, only the blanking on air uses one flash to test the light performance.
A ratio is used to determine the performance of the lamp. The ratio used is: Reference
channel blank for wavelength / (flash-on reference data – corrected reference dark offset).
The ratio will fail if < 0.5 or > 2.0.
• During a spectral scan or blank read, the flash-on value minus flash-off is
< 500 normal mode, or < 500 * calibrated resets / 8 for sweep mode.
Probable Causes:
• Lamp, alignment, or lamp power supply failure.
• Reference channel beam splitter lens cracked.
• Defective reference channel analog PCB, absorbance channel analog PCB, or the cable inbetween.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path and white light is passing through, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough
light energy or is blocking the light.
• Damaged optic spray.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
186 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
0F10
Description and Probable Causes:
Measurement channel correction outside limits
See criteria in text below. Non Time-Resolved.
This error indicates that during a spectral scan, the flash-on value minus flash-off is
< 8000 normal mode, < 8000 * calibrated resets / 8 for sweep mode.
Probable Causes:
• Lamp, alignment, or lamp power supply failure.
• Defective reference channel analog PCB, absorbance channel analog PCB, or the cable inbetween.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path and white light is passing through, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough
light energy or is blocking the light.
• Damaged optic spray.
• See the next code for more possibilities.
0F10 – 0F60
Time-Resolved function Reference channel correction outside limits
Fail if Reference signal < 500 and gain >= 248.
Note: The order of <Filter> <Channel> is not consistent with other error codes.
This error indicates that during a Time-Resolve read, delta (air – dark) was < 500 and the gain
could not be incremented past 248.
Probable Causes:
• Lamp, alignment, or lamp power supply failure.
• Absorbance channel analog PCB.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path and white light is passing through, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough
light energy or is blocking the light.
• Damaged optic spray.
0F11 – 0F16
Measurement channel correction outside limits
See criteria in text below. See Delta (Air – Dark) on self-test.
This error can indicate one of the following error scenarios:
• During a system test, the Delta was < 8000 for one of the wavelengths.
• During a spectral scan or blank read, the flash-on value minus flash-off was
< 8000 normal mode, or < 8000 * calibrated resets / 8 for sweep mode.
Probable Causes:
• Lamp, alignment, or lamp power supply failure.
• Absorbance channel analog PCB.
• Order-sorting filter wheel is jammed, not aligning the correct bandpass filter with the light
path and white light is passing through, or the filter is degraded and is not passing enough
light energy or is blocking the light.
• Damaged optic spray.
1000
Necessary configuration data missing
(This error code indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
Probable Causes:
• The flash memory on the 7080400 PCB is defective or corrupt. The basecode software
and/or assays may need to be re-downloaded.
1100
Failed configuration checksum test
This error indicates that during self-test or at the end of a plate read, the checksums calculated
for configuration flash memory page 0 do not match the saved checksums.
Probable Causes:
• The flash memory on the 7080400 PCB is defective or corrupt. The basecode software may
need to be re-downloaded.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 187
Code
1101
Description and Probable Causes:
Failed configuration checksum test
This error indicates that during self-test or at the end of a plate read, the checksums calculated
for configuration flash memory page 1 do not match the saved checksums.
Probable Causes:
• The flash memory on the 7080400 PCB is defective or corrupt. The basecode software may
need to be re-downloaded.
1200
Autocalibration data missing for the Fluorescence top/bottom and absorbance reads
This error indicates that no autocal data for any of the three read locations (bottom probe, top
probe, absorbance).
Probable Causes:
• The 7080400 PCB was changed and the Flash memory does not have the calibration values
loaded. Performing the autocalibration procedure will correct this.
130x
<Motor> not homed successfully
This error indicates that the <motor> is not at home. At the beginning of the motor_position
function, the basecode checks to see if the motor is homed. If it is not homed, an error is
displayed on the controlling PC and the function is terminated.
Probable Causes:
• If an error 0200 is ignored, see the “Probable Causes” for 0200.
Error
Motor
See Probable Causes for
1300
X-axis
0200
1301
Y-axis
0201
1302
EX motor
0202
1303
EM motor
0203
1304
Order-sorting filter wheel
0204
1305
Monochromator
0405
1306
Probe Height
0206
1307
Probe changer
0207
1308
Syringe 1
0208
1309
Syringe 2
0209
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
188 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
1501 – 150F
Description and Probable Causes:
Incubator zone failed temperature range
This error indicates that one or more of the incubator zones failed to maintain their temperature.
The temperature could be too high or too low. After turning on the incubator, wait at least 10
minutes for it to stabilize.
Zone encoding is as follows:
zone 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3 = 4, 4 = 8 (see table below for more information)
Error code
Zone
1501
Zone 1
1502
Zone 2
1503
Zone 1 and 2
1504
Zone 3
1505
Zone 1 and 3
1506
Zone 2 and 3
1507
Zone 1, 2, and 3
1508
Zone 4
1509
Zone 1 and 4
150A
Zone 2 and 4
150B
Zone 1, 2, and 4
150C
Zone 3 and 4
150D
Zone 1, 3, and 4
150E
Zone 2, 3, and 4
150F
Zone 1, 2, 3, and 4
Zone
Location
1
Top Right
2
Top Left
3
Bottom Right
4
Bottom Left
When facing the front of the unit.
Probable Causes:
• Thermistor is defective for that zone.
• Heating pad is defective.
• Motor power supply PCB is defective.
• Incubation chamber is less than 12ºC.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 189
Code
1511 – 151F
Description and Probable Causes:
Incubator Thermistor failed
This error indicates that one or more of the incubator zone thermistors are defective. After
turning on the incubator, wait at least 10 minutes for it to stabilize.
Zone encoding is as follows:
zone 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3 = 4, 4 = 8 (see table below for more information).
Error code
Zone
1511
Zone 1
1512
Zone 2
1513
Zone 1 and 2
1514
Zone 3
1515
Zone 1 and 3
1516
Zone 2 and 3
1517
Zone 1, 2, and 3
1518
Zone 4
1519
Zone 1 and 4
151A
Zone 2 and 4
151B
Zone 1, 2, and 4
151C
Zone 3 and 4
151D
Zone 1, 3, and 4
151E
Zone 2, 3, and 4
151F
Zone 1, 2, 3, and 4
Probable Causes:
• Thermistor is defective for that zone.
• Motor power supply PCB is defective.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
Zone
Location
1
Top Right
2
Top Left
3
Bottom Right
4
Bottom Left
When facing the front of the unit.
190 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
1521 – 152F
Description and Probable Causes:
Incubator A to D failed
This error indicates that one or more of incubator zones A to D are defective. After turning on the
incubator, wait at least 10 minutes for it to stabilize.
Zone encoding is as follows:
zone 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3= 4, 4 = 8 (see table below for more information).
Error code
Zone
1521
Zone 1
1522
Zone 2
1523
Zone 1 and 2
1524
Zone 3
1525
Zone 1 and 3
1526
Zone 2 and 3
1527
Zone 1, 2, and 3
1528
Zone 4
1529
Zone 1 and 4
152A
Zone 2 and 4
152B
Zone 1, 2, and 4
152C
Zone 3 and 4
152D
Zone 1, 3, and 4
152E
Zone 2, 3, and 4
152F
Zone 1, 2, 3, and 4
Zone
Location
1
Top Right
2
Top Left
3
Bottom Right
4
Bottom Left
When facing the front of the unit.
Probable Causes:
• A to D is defective for that zone.
• Motor power supply PCB is defective.
1700
Kinetic interval not correct for selected options
This error indicates one of the following scenarios:
• Kinetic interval in the current assay is too short.
• Kinetic interval for a fluorescence plate read is impossible for the given parameters.
• Kinetic interval for an absorbance read, the total time, or kinetic interval = 0.
• Kinetic interval for a fluorescence kinetic interval is too big (> 99999) to transmit.
Probable Causes:
• User programming error.
• Increase or decrease the kinetic interval.
1800
Too many kinetic intervals
(This error code indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
This error indicates that the combination of assay parameters results in more kinetic reads than
supported by the software.
• Change the assay parameters to reduce the number of total kinetic reads. Note: The
Synergy HT supports kinetics through computer control only.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 191
Code
1900
Description and Probable Causes:
Memory allocation failed
This error indicates that the process failed while saving or moving data. If this occurs, try turning
the instrument off, waiting for 30 seconds, and then turning the instrument back on.
Probable Causes:
• The memory is corrupt. Replace the processor PCB.
• If the error persists, contact BioTek TAC.
1C00
1C01
A/D calibration STBY line never went low
A/D calibration STBY line went low but never transitioned to a high
This error indicates a failure with one of the PCBs when trying to initialize the A/D, or the cable
to the defective PCB has lost continuity.
This error can indicate one of the following A/D circuits:
• Fluorescence analog PCB.
• Absorbance analog PCB.
Probable Causes:
• Fluorescence analog PCB or connection between the analog PCB and motor power supply
PCB.
• Absorbance analog PCB or the cable between the analog PCB and motor power supply
PCB.
1F01 – 1F02
Band-pass overlap in filter set
This error indicates an open hole or overlapping filter set within the optical path of the excitation
and emission filter wheels designated by the protocol.
Equation used for overlapping:
If EM wavelength is > EX
if (EX wavelength + ½ bandpass) >= (EM wavelength – ½ bandpass) then fail
else if EX wavelength is > EM
if (EM wavelength + ½ bandpass) >= (EX wavelength – ½ bandpass) then fail
Note: Only 2 filter sets can be sent when developing software (not Gen5 or KC4). 1F01 is for the
first set; 1F02 is for the second set.
2100
Invalid parameter value selected
This error can occur only during computer control, indicating that an invalid assay configuration
was sent to the instrument.
2200
PMT signal too low
This error indicates that during the 750V test, the PMT signal was less than 1. If this is true, then
increase the gain to 1250V and test for PMT signal > 1. If PMT signal is still < 1, the PMT is not
connected or is defective.
Probable Causes:
• The PMT is not connected
• The PMT analog PCB, PMT base, or the PMT is defective
2201
PMT test signal too high at the 750-volt bias
See 750V measurement on self-test. Measured value > 3000 to fail.
This error indicates that the PMT dark current is higher than the specified limit.
Probable Causes:
• The PMT has been saturated due to ambient light leakage.
• The PMT has been damaged.
• The PMT base is defective, or the coaxial cable from the base has lost the ground connection
for the shield.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
192 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
2203
Description and Probable Causes:
PMT test ratio test failed
(This error code indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
The 750/500 volt ratio is less than 2.
This error indicates that the PMT dark current is higher than specified limit.
Probable Causes:
• The PMT has been saturated either due to ambient light leakage.
• The PMT has been damaged.
• PMT base is defective or the coaxial cable from the base has lost the ground connection for
the shield.
2300
Lamp control failure
(This error code indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
This error indicates a failure related to the lamp. The lamp assembly is accessed by opening the
hinged door on the front of the instrument.
The lamp may be out. Check to see if the lamp is on when the instrument is on. The lamp
assembly may need to be replaced. See page 13 for more information.
If the lamp is on, be sure to note the test type.
2400
X-axis position incorrect during XY (Back) sensor test
This error indicates that the X-axis did not find the XY sensor, or found the XY sensor outside its
limits. Perform a self-test to verify the error. See Back Sensor on the self-test results; the Delta
should be < 32 to pass. If it is > 16, this is an indicator that the carrier needs to be serviced soon.
Probable Causes:
• X-axis rail is dirty. The nylon slider bushings are worn and causing too much friction, or
dirt in the roller bearings is causing the bearings to jam.
• Y-axis rail is dirty. The bearings are dirty and worn, causing too much friction.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Defective Motor Controller PCB.
• Bent opto flag on carrier.
• Carrier feet have been adjusted to the point where the XY flag can no longer enter the XY
sensor.
• The shipping screw was not installed before moving the unit, and the XY sensor was
damaged.
• Fault motor gear attachment (set screw loose).
2401
Y-axis position incorrect during middle sensor test
This error indicates that the Y-axis did not find the middle sensor, or found the middle sensor
outside its limits. If the carrier is not extended, the unit compares the position against the XY
sensor; otherwise, the unit assumes the carrier is at the middle sensor and will verify or home the
sensor. Perform a self-test to the verify error. See “Middle Sensor” on the self-test results; the
Delta should be < 32 to pass. If it is > 16, this is an indicator that the carrier needs to be serviced
soon.
Probable Causes:
• Y-axis rail is dirty. The bearings are dirty and worn, causing too much friction.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Defective Motor Controller PCB.
• Shipping screw was not installed before moving the unit, and the XY sensor was damaged.
• Something moved the carrier while it was extended.
• Faulty motor gear attachment (set screw loose).
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 193
Code
2500
Description and Probable Causes:
X-axis went by flash location too soon during sweep mode
This error indicates that during sweep mode, the unit calculated the exact time for the flash to
occur and the flash failed to flash at that time.
Probable Causes:
• Defective motor driver PCB.
• One of the carrier axis motors is defective.
2505
Monochromator position more than 1 full step past flash point
This error indicates that during a spectral scan, the monochromator went more than 1 step past
the flash point.
Probable Causes:
• Monochromator motor is defective.
• Motor power supply PCB lost or added counts from monochromator motor.
2600
Physical limit exceeded for area scan request
This error can occur only during computer control, indicating that the area scan requested is too
large for the unit. The X-axis tripped the XY sensor.
The Corning® Costar 12 well plate (part number 430345) has a width dimension that is causing a
2600 error with Synergy. Simply changing the width to 84320 will alleviate the error message and
will not affect the results.
In KC4 v3.4 r16, the width was changed to 84320 and the 2600 error does not appear when
running a protocol that specifies the Corning Costar 12 Well plate type.
280x
<Motor> currently in use
This error indicates that the <motor> is not available for this model or already has a task
assigned to it. At the beginning of the motor_setup function, the basecode checks to see if the
motor is currently in use or is not available.
This error can occur with any motor request. See table below for errors.
Error
Motor
2800
X-axis
2801
Y-axis
2802
EX motor
2803
EM motor
2804
Order-sorting filter wheel
2805
Monochromator
2806
Probe Height
2807
Probe changer
2808
Syringe 1
2809
Syringe 2
Probable Causes:
• User selected the wrong model in the controlling software.
• The incorrect basecode was downloaded to the instrument.
2900
Fluorescence Lamp off voltage out of range (0 – 730)
This error indicates that during a self-test, the lamp did not indicate that it was off.
Probable Causes:
• The sense resistor is damaged on the 7090402 PCB.
• Cable between the lamp PCB and motor power supply PCB is defective.
• Motor power supply PCB is defective.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
194 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
2901
Description and Probable Causes:
Lamp reference voltage out of range (1459 – 1917)
See self-test Voltage Reference “Lamp”.
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the lamp. It is monitoring the current
through the lamp. This test is performed when the instrument is first turned on and then tested
periodically during background functions.
Probable Causes:
• The lamp is weak or defective—change the lamp (BioTek PN 7080500).
• The sense resistor is damaged on the 7090402 PCB.
• The regulator mounted on the 7090402 PCB is defective.
• Verify the lamp is actually on or off. Perform a self-test. This error can give false errors. If
the lamp is on, disregard this error.
• Reference Field Change Notice L0045.
2902
24V reference voltage out of range (1769 – 2162)
See self-test Voltage Reference “24V”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in a series of the 24 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
2903
40-Volt Motor reference voltage out of range (2027 – 2069)
See self-test Voltage Reference “Mtr”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the 40 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
2904
3.5V Flash Power Supply reference voltage is out of range (1399 – 1453)
See self-test Voltage Reference “Min”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the 3.5 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
2905
4.25V Flash Power Supply reference voltage is out of range (1699 – 1772)
See self-test Voltage Reference “Low”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the 4.25 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
2906
5.25V Flash Power Supply reference voltage is out of range (2110 – 2211)
See self-test Voltage Reference “High”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the 5.25 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 195
Code
2907
Description and Probable Causes:
6.00V Flash Power Supply reference voltage is out of range (2411 - 2532)
See self-test Voltage Reference “Max”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the 6.00 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
2908
8.00V Flash Power Supply reference voltage is out of range (3251 – 3417)
(TR only) See self-test Voltage Reference “HTTR”
This tests the voltage across a sense resistor in series of the 8.00 volts; it is monitoring the current.
This test is performed during self-test.
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
2911 – 2918
VRef instability
This error indicates that one of the channels (voltage reference) feeding the A/D converter is
unstable, i.e., A/D max – A/D min > 8 after 8 attempts. See the table below for more information
for each channel.
Note: If multiple channels are intermittently failing a 291x (x = channels) error, it is possible that
the A/D converter is unstable.
Error Displayed
See Error for More Information
2911
2901
2912
2902
2913
2903
2914
2904
2915
2905
2916
2906
2917
2907
2918
2908
Probable Causes:
• The motor power supply PCB is defective.
• The sense resistor is damaged on the motor power supply PCB.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
196 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Other Errors (2A00-4000)
Code
2A00
Description and Probable Causes:
XY axis movement did not find the middle sensor
(This error indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
This is indicating the middle sensor signal did not transition.
2A01
Home carrier to middle sensor
This error indicates that the signal did not transition when homing the carrier to the middle
sensor. Error 0201 will occur during initialization where 2A01 occurs any other time.
Possible causes
• Defective belt, pulley, dirty rail, bushings, bearings, or motor.
• The carrier hit the top probe.
• The carrier was moved while the plate was being placed on the carrier, causing the carrier
to move off the middle sensor.
2B01
Syringe motor axis did not find the home opto sensor transition
This error can indicate one of the following scenarios:
• A motor was not able to move to its “home” position as registered by feedback from an
optical sensor.
• Prior to aspirating, the syringe was not within the homing sensor. To minimize the air
bubble, the syringe must be in the opto sensor.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty or needs lubrication.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Syringe was not installed correctly or was not cleaned, causing stress on syringe movement
by not allowing the syringe to move to the home position.
• The glue between the lead screw and the motor has separated.
• Connection between the Dispenser and Synergy is too long or has intermittently been lost.
• The syringe valve did not open.
• While moving in the negative direction, the syringe opto sensor triggered off, then on,
indicating that the syringe went past the opto sensor.
2B02
Syringe on sensor when it should be off
This error indicates that the current position > 1050 1/16th steps and the syringe is on the opto
sensor when it should be off.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty or needs lubrication.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• Syringe was not installed correctly or was not cleaned, causing stress on syringe movement
by not allowing the syringe to move to the home position.
• The syringe valve did not open.
• The glue between the lead screw and the motor has separated.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 197
Code
2B03
Description and Probable Causes:
Opto sensor clear count obtained
This error indicates that during syringe initialization, the syringe motor tried to move off the
opto sensor and moved > 1050 1/16th steps and did not see the opto transition.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Syringe was not installed correctly or was not cleaned, causing stress on syringe movement
by not allowing the syringe to move off the home position.
• Linear way is dirty or needs lubrication.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• The syringe valve did not open.
• The glue between the lead screw and the motor has separated.
2B04
Previous syringe move produced an FMEA sensor clear error
This error indicates that the previous move caused the syringe to lose steps.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty or needs lubrication.
• Defective or broken optical sensor.
• The syringe valve did not open.
• Syringe was not installed correctly or was not cleaned, causing stress on syringe movement
by not allowing the syringe to move freely.
• The glue between the lead screw and the motor has separated.
2B05
Number of microsteps requested for move too large
This error indicates that during a dispense or move home function, the number of steps to move
was > the maximum syringe travel (944 full steps).
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Program or user error.
2B0A
Trough plate not in carrier for prime or purge
This error indicates that prior to a prime or purge, the priming plate was not in the carrier.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• The plate or trough being used is not opaque enough.
• There is no priming plate or trough in carrier.
2C01
Syringe calibration data not set
This error indicates that configuration data for either syringe has not been entered, or the data is
corrupted. This corresponds to the 6 calibration values.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• No configuration data entered.
• Values entered are corrupted or incorrect.
2C02
Syringe calibration checksum failed
This error indicates that the calibration data has been entered but the checksum failed. This
corresponds to the 6 calibration values.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Values entered are corrupted or incorrect.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
198 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
2C03
Description and Probable Causes:
During the validation of the syringe calibration data the μL/step failed
This error indicates that when the software calculated the μl/step, the results were either
< 0.0100 or > 9.9999.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Values entered are corrupted or incorrect.
2C05
During the validation of the syringe calibration data, the calibration data failed
This error can indicate one of the following error scenarios:
• The minimum calibration value is not equal to 5.
• The minimum measured value is not between 2 and 6.
• The second measured value is not within ± 20% of the calibrated value.
• The third through fifth measured values are not within ± 10% of the calibrated value.
• The calibration values are not in ascending order.
• The measured calibration values are not in ascending order.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Values entered are corrupted or incorrect.
• Incorrect calibration of the syringe.
2C07
Default calibration data set to “do not use”
This error indicates that the default calibration data flag is set. Syringe needs to be calibrated.
Note: This error can apply to either Syringe 1 or Syringe 2.
Probable Causes:
• Factory default data is set; the syringe needs to be calibrated before use, or calibration
values need to be entered from the syringe drive.
• Values entered are corrupted or incorrect.
2D00
During a dispense read the reader missed the start of the well read.
This error indicates that during a dispense read, the reader was not able to start the read for a
particular well.
Probable Causes:
• The processor was busy running other tasks.
• A previous task took longer than estimated.
2D02
Filter bandpass overlap in intermediate switching position for multi-filter set reads
This error indicates that the software cannot move either the EX or EM filter wheel without
causing the filters to overlap and saturate the PMT.
Note: Only 2 filter sets can be sent when developing software.
Equation used for overlapping:
If EM wavelength is > EX
if (EX wavelength + ½ bandpass) >= (EM wavelength – ½ bandpass) then fail
Else if EX wavelength is >EM
if (EM wavelength + ½ bandpass) >= (EX wavelength – ½ bandpass) then fail
Probable Causes:
• The filters placed in the filter wheels are not in the optimum order to prevent this error.
• The filters defined in the filter table do not match the filter wheels.
• The user did not send the filter table information to the reader after making changes to the
table in the controlling software.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 199
Code
2D03
Description and Probable Causes:
EX or EM filters not adjacent for multi-filter set reads
This error indicates either the EX or the EM filter wheel is not set up correctly to have adjacent
filters for a multi-filter set read.
Note: Only 2 filter sets can be sent when developing software.
Probable Causes:
• The filters placed in the filter wheels are not in the optimum order to prevent this error.
• The filters defined in the filter table do not match the filter wheels.
• The user did not send the filter table information to the reader after making changes to the
table in the controlling software.
2D04
Filter plug(s) not positioned next to EX filter(s) for light shutter feature during a
Dispense / well read
This error indicates that the EX filter wheel is not set up correctly for the light shutter feature.
Probable Causes:
• The filters placed in the filter wheels are not in the optimum order to prevent this error.
• The filters defined in the filter table do not match the filter wheels.
• The user did not send the filter table information to the reader after making changes to the
table in the controlling software.
2D0D
Well spacing not valid for dispensing
Well spacing in any direction is < 0.320" or < 8.13 mm.
Probable Causes:
• A 384-well plate was selected for a Dispense protocol.
2D0E
During a dispense read, the reader missed the start of the plate read.
This error indicates that during a dispense read, the reader was not able to start the read.
Probable Causes:
• The processor was busy running other tasks.
• A previous task took longer than estimated.
2D16
Missed start of read event
This error indicates that the up-counting plate mode timer is already past event start time, or the
well mode timer is already past start time for the current read event.
Probable Causes:
• Basecode 2.10 or lower used two timers to perform this function. Bascode 2.12 or higher
uses one timer.
2D28
Dispenser module not attached
Dispenser is not attached or has lost initialization due to an intermittent connection.
Probable Causes:
• Dispenser cable lost connection.
2E01
Top Probe Height (Z Axis) did not calibrate during the Absorbance Cal
(This error indicates old basecode Recommend upgrading.)
This error indicates that the probe Z position <= 24 full steps, indicating there is not enough
margin available to calibrate the probe Z position. The distance between the top of the
autocalibration jig and the homing opto sensor is <= 24 full steps.
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty or needs lubrication.
• Homing opto sensor is defective.
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
200 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Code
2E02
Description and Probable Causes:
Probe Z calibration failure
This error indicates that the probe Z position is <= 24 full steps, indicating there is not enough
margin available to calibrate the probe Z position. The distance between the top of the
autocalibration jig and the homing opto sensor is <= 24 full steps.
Probable Causes:
• Linear way is dirty or needs lubrication.
• Homing opto sensor is defective.
2E03
Incubator
(This error indicates old basecode. Recommend upgrading.)
3000
3001
Time Resolve filter block is not installed when a TR function is requested
Time Resolve filter block in the Excitation filter slot when a non TR fluorescence
dispense read is selected
Probable Causes:
• The Time-Resolved cartridge is not installed in the EX position.
• The Hall Effect sensor is defective.
• Instrument does not have the TR functionality and the DIP switch setting #4 on the 7080400
PCB is open and the DIP switch setting #1 is open on the 7090410 PCB.
3100
Plate read took longer than kinetic interval
Probable Causes:
• User-defined interval is incorrect.
3201
No absorbance A/D ready transition
3202
No fluorescence A/D ready transition
3203
No incubation A/D ready transition
3204
No voltage reference channel A/D ready transition
3306
Required carrier outside when locked in
If the carrier is inside the read chamber and the probe needs to move down but the door is
locked, the carrier cannot move out of the way of the top probe assembly.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Error Codes | 201
Code
Description and Probable Causes:
PMT Overload at well location
4000
This error indicates that at the well specified by the last 3 digits of the error code, the PMT was
saturated.
Probable Causes:
• Chemistry is too bright for the sensitivity selected.
Well location / error code for a 96 well plate:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
A
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
400A
400B
400C
B
400D
400E
400F
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
4016
4017
4018
C
4019
401A
401B
401C
401D
401E
401F
4020
40021
40022
4023
4024
D
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
402A
402B
402C
402D
402E
402F
4030
E
4031
4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
403A
403B
403C
F
403D
403E
403F
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
G
4049
404A
404B
404C
404D
404E
404F
4050
4051
4052
4053
4054
H
4055
4056
4057
4058
4059
405A
405B
405C
405D
405E
405F
4060
Well location / error code for 384 well plate. Add 40 to the code in the box. If code in the box is >
FF, add 4 to the code:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
A
01
02
03
04
05
06
07 08 09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
B
19
1A
1B 1C
1D
1E 1F 20 21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
2F
30
C
31
32
33
34
35
36
37 38 39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
3F
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
D
49
4A
4B 4C
4D
4E 4F 50 51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
60
E
61
62
63
64
65
66
67 68 69
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
6F
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
F
79
7A
7B 7C
7D
7E 7F 80 81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
8A
8B
8C
8D
8E
8F
90
G
91
92
93
95
96
97 98 99
9A
9B
9C
9D
9E
9F
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
H
A9 AA AB AC AD AE AF B0 B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
BA
BB
BC
BD
BE
BF
C0
I
C1 C2
C6 C7 C8 C9 CA
CB
CC
CD
CE
CF
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
J
D9 DA DB DC DD DE DF E0 E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EA
EB
EC
ED
EE
EF
F0
K
F1
FA
FB
FC
FD
FE
FF
100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108
F2
94
C3 C4
F3
F4
C5
F5
8
F6 F7 F8 F9
I
109 10A 10B 10C 10D 10E 10F 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 11A 11B 11C 11D 11E 11F 120
M
121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 12A 12B 12C 12D 12E 12F 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138
N
139 13A 13B 13C 13D 13E 13F 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 14A 14B 14C 14D 14E 14F 150
O
151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 15A 15B 15C 15D 15E 15F 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168
P
169 16A 16B 16C 16D 16E 16F 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 17A 17B 17C 17D 17E 17F 180
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
202 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Status String Format
Following execution of each command, the Synergy sends a status string back to the
computer. This string consists of 5 successive ASCII characters – a four-byte string
representing a hexadecimal status code, and then ETX.
Fatal errors indicate a hardware failure require recycling of instrument power.
Fatal Errors
TCB NOT AVAIL ERR
READ NOT AVAIL ERR
NOT AVAIL ERR
CHECKSUM ERR
POWER ERR
DFLASH TIMEOUT ERR
DFLASH ERR
CFLASH TIMEOUT ERR
HEAP CORRUPTED ERR
“A100”
“A200”
“A300”
“A400”
“A500”
“A600”
“A700”
“A800”
“A900”
task control block not available
read function already invoked
<device> not available
failed code checksum test on powerup
power dropped below safe level
data flash write timed out
read didn’t match write {test}<chip>
code flash write timed out
memory allocation heap corrupted
ABORT ERR
“0100”
read function aborted
NO SENSOR ERR
“0200”
<motor> didn't find opto-sensor transition
NO BEAM ERR
“0300”
<motor> didn't find saturation transition
MOTOR VERIFY ERR
“0400”
<motor> failed positional verify
SATURATION ERR
“0500”
A/D signal saturated <filter><channel>
FILTER GAIN ERR
“0600”
<filter> gain out of range
NOISE TEST ERR
“0700”
reader {channel} failed noise test
OFFSET TEST ERR
“0800”
reader {channel} failed offset test
DARK RANGE ERR
“0900”
read-time {channel}<filter> dark out of range
AIR RANGE ERR
“0A00”
read-time {channel}<filter> air/blank out
WAVECAL DATA ERR
“0D00”
wavelength calibration data missing
WAVE NOT FOUND ERR
“0E00”
wavelength not found in table <read filter>
FILTER SIGNAL ERR
“0F00”
{channel}<filter> signal out of range
CNFG DATA ERR
“1000”
necessary configuration data missing
CNFG CHECKSUM ERR
“1100”
failed configuration checksum test
AUTOCAL DATA ERR
“1200”
carrier calibration data missing
MOTOR NOT HOMED ERR
“1300”
<motor> not homed successfully
INCUBATOR FAILURE
“1500”
incubator failure {error code}<zone(s)>
SC ASSAY DEF ERR
“1600”
computer control assay definition error
KIN INTERVAL ERR
“1700”
interval too short for selected options
MALLOC ERR
“1900”
malloc failed
ATOD INIT ERR
“1C00”
A/D calib STBY transition not detected
OVERLAP ERR
“1F00”
bandpass overlap in filterset
INVALID PARAM ERR
“2100”
invalid parameter value selected
PMT ERR
“2200”
PMT test signal out of range <test type>
SENSOR POS ERR
“2400”
<motor> failed verify at test sensor
Non-Fatal Errors
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Status String Format | 203
Non-Fatal Errors (Continued)
FLASH MISS ERR
“2500”
<motor> went by flash location too soon
XY LIMIT ERR
“2600”
physical limit exceeded for area scan request
MOTOR IN USE ERR
“2800”
<motor> currently in use
VREF ERR
“2900”
voltage reference failed <test type>
PLATE JAM ERR
“2A00”
<motor> didn't see middle sensor
SYRINGE ERR
“2B00”
syringe error <syringe test code>
DISP CNFG DATA ERR
“2C00”
dispenser data error <disp cnfg test code>
DISPREAD ERR
“2D00”
dispense/read error <disp/read param test>
PROBE Z CAL ERR
“2E00”
probe Z calibration failure <cal code>
SPOOL TIMEOUT ERR
“2F00”
no ACK received for data handshaking
EX BLOCK ERR
“3000”
wrong block in excitation slot <TR block in>
KINETIC OVERRUN ERR
“3100”
plate read took longer than kinetic interval
ATOD ERR
“3200”
<device> never saw A/D ready transition
DOOR LOCK ERR
“3300”
<motor> required carrier outside when locked in
PMT WELL ERR
“4000”
overload at <well> (‘A01’..‘P24’)
Test Type Codes <lowest digit in returned error code>
FAIL VTEST HI
“1”
higher PMT voltage level incorrect
FAIL VTEST LO
“2”
lower PMT voltage level incorrect
FAIL WELL TEST
“5”
PMT saturation at well
FAIL BKGRND TEST
“8”
PMT saturation during background overload test
Vref Test Channel Codes <lowest digit in returned error code>
TEST LAMP
“1”
lamp current test
TEST 24V
“2”
24V power drive test
TEST MOTOR
“3”
motor drive test
TEST XF MIN
“4”
xenon flash min power test
TEST XF LOW
“5”
xenon flash low power test
TEST XF HIGH
“6”
xenon flash high power test
TEST XF MAX
“7”
xenon flash max power test
TEST XF HTRF
“8”
xenon flash TR power test
Motor Codes <lowest digit in returned error code>
Carrier X-Axis
“0”
Carrier Y-Axis
“1”
Excitation Filter Wheel
“2”
Emission Filter Wheel
“3”
Monochromator Filter Wheel
“4”
Monochromator
“5”
Probe Height Axis
“6”
Probe Changer
“7”
Dispenser Syringe 1
“8”
Dispenser Syringe 2
“9”
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
204 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Incubator Codes {second lowest digit in returned error code}
Range Error
“0”
Thermistor Error
“1”
A/D Error
“2”
Note: Affected zones are encoded in the lowest digit returned – one bit per zone, starting
from bit 0.
Data Flash Codes {second lowest digit in returned error code}
Readback Error
“0”
data readback didn’t match data written
Copy Error
“1”
final data readback didn’t match original passed in
A/D Device Codes <lowest digit in returned error code>
Absorbance measurement
“1”
Fluorescence measurement
“2”
Incubation measurement
“3”
Voltage reference
‘4”
A/D Device Codes <second-lowest digit in returned error code>
A/D ready line
A/D noise “3200”
“0”
“1”
A/D converter never saw ready line transition
A/D samples inconsistent
Probe Z Calibration Codes <lowest digit in returned error code>
Jig Windup
“2”
not enough windup at jig
Syringe Motor Error Test Codes <lowest digit in returned error code>
OFF SENSOR
“1”
syringe off sensor when it should be on
ON SENSOR
“2”
syringe on sensor when it should be off
SENSOR CLEAR COUNT
“3”
sensor clear count out of range
FMEA TEST FAIL
“4”
clear count measured during aspirate operation deviated
more than allowed range from initial value
MOVE OVERRANGE
“5”
number of microsteps requested for move too large
SYR NOT HOME
“6”
syringe logical position not at home
INVALID POSITION
“7”
invalid position passed to position syringe function
INVALID OPERATION
“8”
invalid syringe operation selected
INVALID PROFILE
“9”
motor profile selected has too many steps for move
NO CATCH PLATE
“A”
catch plate not in carrier for prime or purge
Dispenser Configuration Data Error Test Codes (lowest digit in returned error code)
DATA NOT SET
“1”
disp cnfg data not set
CHKSUM FAILED
“2”
disp cnfg data checksum failed
ULPERSTEP OUT OF RANGE
“3”
syringe µl/step factor not within allowed limits
INJECTOR POSITION ERR
“4”
invalid injector position or position not set
VOLUME CAL DATA ERR
“5”
volume cal data is invalid
PULLBACK VOLUME ERR
“6”
pull back volume too large
DEFAULT VOL CAL DATA SET
“7”
indicates that default cal volume data set and
should be updated via the serial host with the cal
data values from the attached syringe drive
TWO BOTTOM INJECTORS
“8”
only one injector can be at bottom position
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Status String Format | 205
Dispense/Read Runtime/Definition Error Test Codes (lowest two digits in returned error code)
SAMPLE START LATE
“0”
individual sample missed its scheduled start time
FILTERSETS OUT OF RANGE
“01”
more than two filters selected for disp/read method
FILTER SWITCHING OVERLAP
“02”
filter bandpass overlap condition exists in the
intermediate switching position for multi filterset
reads.
FILTERS NOT ADJACENT
“03”
ex or em filters not adjacent for multi filterset
reads
EX FILTER PLUG POSITION
“04”
filter plug(s) not positioned next to ex filter(s)
for light shutter feature
INVALID MODE
“05”
invalid processing mode received
DISP READ DEF NOT SET
“06”
dispense/read protocol parameters not set or not
valid
FEATURE NOT AVAILABLE
“07”
disp/read feature not enabled by dip switch
INVALID EX WAVE
“08”
excitation wavelengths must be the same for TR assay
TIP PRIME TUB VOL
capacity
“09”
total tip prime vols in assay larger than tub
NUM EVENTS
“0B”
total number of events defined invalid
INVALID EVENT
“C”
invalid event type received
INVALID GEOMETRY
“0D”
wells spaced too close for dispense operation
PLATE START LATE
“0E”
plate mode event missed its scheduled start time
INVALID TIP PRIME
“0F”
tip prime conflicts with tip prime rules
NUM READ EVENTS
“10”
number of read events defined invalid
READ START TIME
“11”
read event start time out of range
NUM SAMPLES
“12”
number of samples out of range
SAMPLING INTERVAL
“13”
sampling interval out of range
NUM PLATE READS
“14”
number of plate mode kinetic reads out of range
PLATE MODE READ TIME
“15”
plate mode kinetic interval time too short
READ START LATE
“16”
read event missed its scheduled start time
NUM DISP EVENTS
“21”
number of dispense events defined invalid
TIP PRIME VOLUME
“22”
tip prime volume out of range
DISP VOLUME
“23”
volume requested out of range
DISP RATE
“24”
dispense rate requested out of range
DISP START TIME
“25”
dispense start time/kinetic interval out of range
DISP INTERVAL
“26”
dispense kinetic interval out of range
DISPENSER NOT ATTACHED
“28”
dispenser module not attached
DISPENSER NOT INITIALIZED
“29”
dispenser has not been initialized
DISPENSER NOT PRIMED
“2A”
dispenser has not been primed
INVALID DISPENSER OPERATION
“2B”
invalid dispenser operation type requested
DISP START LATE
“2C”
dispense event missed its scheduled start time
NUM SHAKE EVENTS
“30”
number of shake events defined invalid
SHAKE START TIME
“31”
shake start time out of range
READ EVENT EXPECTED
“32”
read event must follow shake event with repeat
SHAKE TIME
“33”
shake time out of range
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
206 | Appendix C: Error Codes
Dispense/Read Runtime/Definition Error Test Codes (Continued)
SHAKE SPEED
“34”
shake speed out of range
INVALID DEF FORMAT
“40”
definition format obsolete
INVALID_RETURN_TIME
“41”
event start/completion time over returnable limit
Well Number Codes <lowest three digits in returned error code>
The row and column of the offending well can be extracted from the well code by applying
the following formula (examples use 8 x 12, 96-well plate):
1.
Convert the ASCII hex string to a decimal equivalent. Ex: “057” indicates 57 hex,
yielding a well code of 87 decimal.
2.
Row = (well code) / (columns in plate), rounded up to a whole number.
Ex: 87/12 = 7.25, indicating row 8 (or H).
3.
Column = (well code) - ((row-1) * (columns in plate)).
Ex: 87 - ((8 - 1) * 12) = column 3.
Note: If this code is returned in response to a Run Area Scan (‘c’) command, it indicates
the scanned point (left-to-right) that caused the error.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Appendix D
Specifications
This appendix contains BioTek’s published specifications for the
Synergy™ HT.
Specifications .....................................................................208
Microplates.........................................................................208
Hardware and Environmental ................................................208
Absorbance ........................................................................209
Fluorescence ......................................................................211
Incubation..........................................................................213
Shake................................................................................213
Injector Model ....................................................................213
208 | Appendix D: Specifications
Specifications
Microplates
All models accommodate standard 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, 96- and 384-well microplates with
128 x 86 mm geometry, and support:
•
Absorbance mode: plates up to 0.8” (20.30 mm) high
•
Fluorescence/Luminescence modes: plates up to 1.25” (31.75 mm) high
•
PCR tube trays up to 1.25” (31.75 mm) high (may require an adapter)
All models read 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, 96- and 384-well microplates
Injector models dispense to 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, and 96-well microplates
Hardware and Environmental
Light Source:
Absorbance
Xe flash light source
10 W max average power
Life: 1 billion flashes
Fluorescence
Tungsten quartz halogen
20 W
Life: 1000 hours
Dimensions:
16” D x 15” W x 10” H (40.6 cm x 38 cm x 25.4 cm)
Weight:
38 lb. (17 kg)
Environment:
Operational temperature 18º to 40°C
Humidity:
10% to 85% relative humidity (non-condensing)
Power Consumption:
100 VA max, 130 VA max with injectors
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Specifications | 209
Absorbance
Accuracy, Linearity, Repeatability
All qualifications were conducted using 96-/384-well, flat bottom microplates.
Measurement Range:
0.000 to 4.000 OD
All qualifications were conducted with 96- and 384-well flat-bottom plates.
Accuracy:
0.000 to 2.000 OD ± 1.0% ± 0.010 OD Normal and Rapid modes, 96-well plates
0.000 to 2.000 OD ± 2.0% ± 0.010 OD Normal and Rapid modes, 384-well plates
2.000 to 2.500 OD ± 3.0% ± 0.010 OD Normal and Rapid modes, 96- and 384-well plates
2.500 to 3.000 OD ± 3.0% ± 0.010 OD Normal mode, 96-well plates
0.000 to 1.000 OD ± 1.0% ± 0.010 OD Sweep mode, 96- and 384-well plates
Linearity:
0.000 to 2.000 OD ± 1.0% Normal and Rapid modes, 96-well plates
0.000 to 2.000 OD ± 2.0% Normal and Rapid modes, 384-well plates
2.000 to 2.500 OD ± 3.0% Normal and Rapid modes, 96- and 384-well plates
2.500 to 3.000 OD ± 3.0% Normal mode, 96-well plates
0.000 to 1.000 OD ± 1.0% Sweep mode, 96- and 384-well plates
Repeatability:
0.000 to 2.000 OD ± 1.0% ± 0.005 OD Normal and Rapid modes, 96- and 384-well plates
2.000 to 2.500 OD ± 3.0% ± 0.005 OD Normal and Rapid modes, 96- and 384-well plates
2.500 to 3.000 OD ± 3.0% ± 0.005 OD Normal mode, 96- and 384-well plates
0.000 to 1.000 OD ± 2.0% ± 0.010 OD Sweep mode, 96- and 384-well plates
For the above performance, the Gain on the Optics Test should be below 10.0.
Optics
λ range:
200 to 999 nm
λ accuracy:
± 2 nm
λ repeatability:
± 0.2 nm
λ bandpass:
2.4 nm
Detector:
Photodiodes (2)
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
210 | Appendix D: Specifications
Read Modes
The Synergy™ HT supports the following read modes:
•
Normal mode is the slowest of the three available modes. After
positioning the well over the probe, the instrument waits 100
milliseconds before taking the measurement (8-flash data collection).
™ Note: The 100 ms delay is to allow for more complete fluid settling.
If the OD is > 2.000, the reader takes 64 more measurements
(64-flash data collection).
•
Rapid mode is faster than Normal mode because the instrument does
not wait before taking the measurement, and performs an 8-flash data
collection even for ODs > 2.000.
•
Sweep mode is the fastest of the three available modes. The plate
carrier sweeps each row past the optics channel without stopping,
collecting data with a single flash at each well as it goes by.
Read Timing
The following read times are based on a single- or dual-wavelength
measurement. Actual reading times can vary, depending upon the wavelength,
read mode, and other reading parameters selected. In Normal read mode (see
above), the optical density of the solution affects timing as well.
Endpoint read time is from plate start to plate stop. Kinetic read time is from
A1 to A1 read positions.
Endpoint, 96-well plate:
Single
630 nm
Dual
630/450 nm
Normal Read Mode
57 sec
106 sec
Rapid Read Mode
47 sec
86 sec
Sweep Read Mode
23 sec
37 sec
Endpoint, 384-well plate:
Single
630 nm
Dual
630/450 nm
Normal Read Mode
159 sec
309 sec
Rapid Read Mode
121 sec
232 sec
Sweep Read Mode
38 sec
65 sec
Kinetic, 96-well plate:
Single
630 nm
Normal Read Mode
49 sec
Rapid Read Mode
39 sec
Sweep Read Mode
14 sec
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Specifications | 211
Kinetic, 384-well plate:
Single
630 nm
Normal Read Mode
150 sec
Rapid Read Mode
111 sec
Sweep Read Mode
26 sec
Fluorescence
Read Timing
Because of the possible wide variations in setup, the following benchmark
conditions are specified:
Excitation Filter:
485/20 nm
Emission Filter:
528/20 nm
Samples per well:
10
Delay before sampling:
350 ms
Delay between samples:
1 ms
96-well read:
89 sec
384-well read:
275 sec
Optical Probes
The Synergy HT is configured with a variety of probe sizes: 1.5 and 3 mm
probes can be installed in either the top or bottom positions; the 5 mm probe
can only be installed in the bottom position.
Sensitivity
5 mm probe:
Sodium Fluorescein (SF) (Bottom reading):
10 pg/ml solution of Sodium Fluorescein in PBS
150 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 485/20, Emission 530/25
Hellma 96-well quartz plate
Propidium Iodide (PI) (Bottom reading):
62.5 ng/ml solution of Propidium Iodide in PBS
50 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 485/20, Emission 645/40
Corning Costar® 96-well, black-sided, clear bottom plate
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
212 | Appendix D: Specifications
3 mm probe:
Sodium Fluorescein (SF) (Bottom reading):
20 pg/ml solution of Sodium Fluorescein in PBS
150 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 485/20, Emission 530/25
Hellma 96 well quartz plate
Propidium Iodide (PI) (Bottom reading):
125 ng/ml solution of Propidium Iodide in PBS
50 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 485/20, Emission 645/40
Corning Costar® 96-well, black-sided, clear bottom plate
Methylumbelliferone (MUB) (Top reading):
0.16 ng/ml solution of Methylumbelliferone in CBB
300 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 360/40, Emission 460/40
Corning Costar® black strips
1.5 mm probe:
Sodium Fluorescein (SF) (Bottom reading):
40 pg/ml solution of Sodium Fluorescein in PBS
150 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 485/20, Emission 530/25
Hellma 96-well quartz plate
Propidium Iodide (PI) (Bottom reading):
250 ng/ml solution of Propidium Iodide in PBS
50 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 485/20, Emission 645/40
Corning Costar® 96-well, black-sided, clear bottom plate
Methylumbelliferone (MUB) (Top reading):
0.31 ng/ml solution of Methylumbelliferone in CBB
300 µL per well signal-to-noise ratio greater than 2.0
Excitation 360/40, Emission 460/40
Corning Costar® black strips
Optional Time-Resolved Fluorescence
•
Delay 0 or 20 µs to 16000 µs
•
Integration interval 20 to 16000 µs
•
Times adjustable in 10 µs increments
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Specifications | 213
Incubation
•
Temperature control range from 4º over ambient to 50ºC
•
Temperature variation ± 0.50°C across the plate @ 37°C
(250 µL per well with the plate sealed)
Shake
•
Low, Medium, High and Variable shaking speeds
•
Shake duration is programmable by the user
Injector Model
The following specifications apply to Synergy™ HT models with injectors:
Plate Type:
Dispense
Volume Range:
Accuracy:
Dispenses to standard 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, and 96-well
microplates with 128 x 86 mm geometry
5-1000 µL with a 5-20 µL tip prime
Dispensing deionized water with 0.1% Tween® 20 at
room temperature:
± 1 µL at 5-50 µL
± 2% at 51-1000 µL
Precision:
Dispensing a 200 µL solution of deionized water,
0.1% Tween 20, and dye at room temperature:
< 2.0% for volumes of 50-200 µL
< 4.0% for volumes of 25-49 µL
< 7.0% for volumes of 10-24 µL
< 10.0% for volumes of 5-9 µL
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
214 | Appendix D: Specifications
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Appendix E
Instrument Dimensions
for Robotic Interface
Figure 40 shows the location of the microplate carrier in reference
to the exterior surfaces of the Synergy™ HT and the mounting
holes on the bottom. The illustration should facilitate system setup
with a robotic instrument, such as the BioStack™ Microplate
Stacker.
216 | Appendix E: Instrument Dimensions for Robotic Interface
Instrument Dimensions for Robotic Interface
If you have purchased the BioStack™ to operate with the Synergy™ HT, special alignment
hardware is included in the BioStack alignment kit for correct positioning of the Synergy
HT with the BioStack. Refer to the Installation chapter in the BioStack Operator’s Manual
for instructions.
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
Instrument Dimensions for Robotic Interface | 217
TOP VIEW
5.070
3.490
.000
3.400
17.132
.000
A1
SIDE VIEW
5.626
10.612
.362
.000
.000
.500
.000
.555
BOTTOM VIEW
The two arrows
point to special
mounting holes
for alignment
caps for
operation with
the BioStack.
15.345
Figure 40: Instrument dimensions, mounting holes, and carrier position
Synergy HT Operator's Manual
218 | Appendix E: Instrument Dimensions for Robotic Interface
BioTek Instruments, Inc.
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