WADE-8044 Series User`s Manual
WADE-8044 Series
Mini-ITX Board
User's Manual
Version 1.0
Copyright © Portwell, Inc., 2008. All rights reserved.
All other brand names are registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Preface
Table of Contents
How to Use This Manual
Chapter 1 System Overview.......................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................. 1-1
1.2 Check List ..................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Product Specification .................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.3.1 Mechanical Drawing......................................................................................................... 1-4
1.4 System Architecture .................................................................................................................... 1-5
Chapter 2 Hardware Configuration ...........................................................................................2-1
2.1 Jumper Setting ............................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Connector Allocation .................................................................................................................. 2-4
Chapter 3 System Installation....................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Intel® Pentium M/Celeron M Processor................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Main Memory .............................................................................................................................. 3-2
3.3 Installing the Single Board Computer ...................................................................................... 3-2
3.3.1 Chipset Component Driver.............................................................................................. 3-2
3.3.2 Intel Integrated Graphics GMCH Chip .......................................................................... 3-3
3.3.3 Ethernet Controller............................................................................................................ 3-3
3.3.4 Audio Controller ............................................................................................................... 3-3
3.4 Clear CMOS Operation............................................................................................................... 3-4
3.5 WDT Function.............................................................................................................................. 3-4
3.5.1 Pin assignment................................................................................................................... 3-6
3.5.2 WADE-8044 GPIO Programming Guide ....................................................................... 3-6
3.5.3 Example1 ............................................................................................................................ 3-7
Chapter 4 BIOS Setup Information............................................................................................4-1
4.1 Entering Setup.............................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Main Menu ................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 Standard CMOS Setup Menu .................................................................................................... 4-3
4.4 IDE Adaptors Setup Menu......................................................................................................... 4-5
4.5 Advanced BIOS Features............................................................................................................ 4-6
4.6 Advanced Chipset Features ..................................................................................................... 4-11
4.7 Integrated Peripherals .............................................................................................................. 4-14
4.8 Power Management Setup ....................................................................................................... 4-20
4.9 PnP/PCI Configurations .......................................................................................................... 4-24
4.10 PC Health Status...................................................................................................................... 4-26
4.11 Frequency/Voltage Control................................................................................................... 4-27
4.12 Default Menu ........................................................................................................................... 4-28
4.13 Supervisor/User Password Setting ...................................................................................... 4-28
4.14 Exiting Selection ...................................................................................................................... 4-29
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................5-1
5.1 Hardware Quick Installation ..................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 BIOS Setting.................................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.3 FAQ ............................................................................................................................................... 5-3
Appendix A
Appendix B
Preface
How to Use This Manual
The manual describes how to configure your WADE-8044 system board to meet
various operating requirements. It is divided into five chapters, with each chapter
addressing a basic concept and operation of Single Host Board.
Chapter 1: System Overview. Presents what you have in the box and give you an
overview of the product specifications and basic system architecture for this series
model of single host board.
Chapter 2: Hardware Configuration. Show the definitions and locations of Jumpers
and Connectors that you can easily configure your system.
Chapter 3: System Installation. Describes how to properly mount the CPU, main
memory and Compact Flash to get a safe installation and provides a programming
guide of Watch Dog Timer function.
Chapter 4: BIOS Setup Information. Specifies the meaning of each setup parameters,
how to get advanced BIOS performance and update new BIOS. In addition, POST
checkpoint list will give users some guidelines of trouble-shooting.
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting. Provide various of useful tips to quickly get
WADE-8044 running with success. As basic hardware installation has been addressed
in Chapter 3, this chapter will basically focus on system integration issues, in terms of
backplane setup, BIOS setting, and OS diagnostics.
The content of this manual is subject to change without prior notice. These changes
will be incorporated in new editions of the document. The vendor may make
supplement or change in the products described in this document at any time.
System Overview
Chapter 1
System Overview
1.1
Introduction
WADE-8044 is a cost-effective Mini-ITX embedded board which takes the advantages
of Intel® Pentium® M/Celeron® M processor and Intel® 910GMLE/ICH6-M chipset
for the applications those need low power consumption or FANLESS solution. With
various display interfaces, multiple legacy I/O and dual Ethernet, WADE-8044 is
capable to provide the most essential functions for the applications such as Lottery,
Gaming, POS, Medical and Digital Signage.
WADE-8044 can run with Intel Socket 479 Pentium® M / Celeron® M processors and
support two 240-pin DIMM sockets up to 2GB DDR2 Memory. The onboard SATA
and IDE controllers can support 2 SATA devices with data transfer rates up to
150MB/s and 2 IDE devices with Ultra ATA33/66/100 synchronous mode feature.
The onboard Super I/O chip supports four serial ports; one is RS232/422/485
selectable and three are in RS232 data format. Besides, it can also support dual
display function by VGA, LVDS or DVI interfaces.
WADE-8044 can support up to two PCI add-on card via riser card. One 6-pin
Mini-DIN connectors are provided to connect PS/2 keyboard and mouse. The
onboard Flash ROM is used to make the BIOS update easier. One 20-pin standard
connector is designed to support ATX power function. All of these features make
WADE-8044 series excellent in stand-alone applications.
1.2
Check List
The WADE-8044 package should cover the following basic items
One WADE-8044 Mini ITX Board
One SATA cable
One I/O Shield
One Installation Resources CD-Title
If any of these items is damaged or missing, please contact your vendor and keep all
packing materials for future replacement and maintenance.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
1-1
System Overview
1.3
Product Specification
CPU
- Support Intel Pentium® M / Celeron® M processor
- CPU bus clock: 400 MHz
Chipset Intel® 910GMLE GMCH and ICH6-M Main Memory
- Two 240-pin DIMM socket
- Support dual channel memory DDR2 400MHz up to 2GB
System BIOS
- AWARD BIOS
Super I/O Winbond W83627DHG-E and Fintek F81216DG
- Serial Port: Support Four serial ports, one is RS232/422/485 selectable and three
are in RS232 data format
- Parallel Port: Support one internal LPT pin header
Storage
- One IDE 40-pin connector, UDMA 66/100
- Two SATA connectors, data transfer rates up to 150MB/s
SSD
1 x CompactFlash® Type I/II socket, support UDMA
USB
Support eight USB 2.0 ports (four external, four internal)
Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse Interfaces
Support two mini-DIN 6-pin connectors for PS/2 Keyboard and Mouse
Auxiliary I/O
- One 2-pin system reset switch
- One 2-pin system power on LED
- One 2-pin HDD active indicator interface
- One 20-pin ATX power control interface
- Two 3-pin headers for CPU and system fan
Real-Time Clock/Calendar (RTC)
- Build-in ICH6-M
- Y2K compliant
System Monitoring and Protection
Monitoring system temperature, voltage, and cooling fan status
Wake On LAN
Support system wake up function from Network
On-chip VGA Display
- Intel® 910GMLE GMCH integrated GMA 900 Graphics Controller
- One DSUB-15 connector for CRT display interface
- One LVDS connector for 18-bit LVDS panel display interface
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
1-2
System Overview
- One DVI-D connector for DVI display interface
- One LVDS connector for 24-bit LVDS panel display interface (Optional)
- CRT: Support maximum resolution up to 2048 x 1536
- 18-bit LVDS: Support maximum resolution up to 1400 x 1050
- DVI: Support maximum resolution up to 1600 x 1200
- 24-bit LVDS: Support maximum resolution up to 1600 x 1200 (Optional)
On-board Ethernet Function
- Support dual Gigabit Ethernet by Realtek RTL8111 Ethernet controller which is
IEEE 802.3 10/100/1000BASE-T compliant
- Support two LED indicators to display active and link message
PCI Interfaces
Support up to two PCI slots via riser card
Physical and Environmental Requirements :
- Outline Dimension (L x W) : 170mm (6.69 inch) X 170mm (6.69 inch)
- Power Requirements: [email protected] (System), [email protected](CPU),
[email protected](System)
- Operating Temperature: 0 ~ 55 ℃
- Storage Temperature: -20~70℃
- Relative Humidity: 5% to 95%, non-condensing
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
1-3
System Overview
1.3.1
Mechanical Drawing
WADE-8044 Mechanical Drawing
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
1-4
System Overview
1.4
System Architecture
All of details operating relations are shown in WADE-8044 System Block Diagram.
Pentium M/Celeron M
Processor
IMVP VRM
CK410
Data
CTRL
ADDR
AGTL+BUS FSB533/400MHz
Data
CTRL
ADDR
VGA
Channel A
DIMM DDR2
533/400MHz
Channel B
DIMM DDR2
533/400MHz
18 -bit LVDS
24-bit LVDS
(optional)
DVI
LVDS
Transmitter
SDVOB
DVI
Transmitter
SDVOC
915GME/910GMLE
GMCH
DMIX4
1X IDE Box Header&
1XCompact Flash socket
UMDA/100
SATA X2
SATA/1.5Gb
8 USB Ports
Internal x 4
External x4
USB2.0
HDA
ALC262
HDA
MIC IN
LINE OUT
ICH6-M
PCI-EX1
LAN
RTL8111B
RJ45
10/100/Giga
PCI-EX1
LAN
RTL8111B
RJ45
10/100/Giga
PCI
PCI Slot x1
GPIO
LPC
Super I/O
W83627DHG-E
Super I/O
Fintek F81216 DG
SPI FLASH
Parallel
Port
COM1~2
KB/MS
HW
MONITOR
WDT
COM3~4
COM5-6
(optional)
WADE-8044 System Block Diagram
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
1-5
Hardware Configuration
Chapter 2
Hardware Configuration
This chapter indicates jumpers’, headers’ and connectors’ locations. Users may find
useful information related to hardware settings in this chapter. The default settings
are indicated with a star sign ( ).
2.1
Jumper Setting
In the following sections, Short means covering a jumper cap over jumper pins; Open
or N/C (Not Connected) means removing a jumper cap from jumper pins. Users can
refer to Figure 2-1 for the Jumper allocations.
Figure 2-1 WADE-8044 Jumper and Connector Locations
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-1
Hardware Configuration
The jumper settings are listed as follows:
JP1 : 24-bit LVDS Backlight Enable Select (Optional)
JP1
1-3,2-4 Short
1-3,4-6 Short
3-5,2-4 Short
3-5,4-6 Short
Function
+5V(HIGH)
+12V(HIGH)
+5V(LOW)
+12V(LOW)
JP2 : 24-bit LVDS VDD Select (Optional)
JP2
2-4 Short
4-6 Short
3-4 Short
Function
+3.3V
+5V
+12V
JP3/JP6/JP10/JP11 :COM PORT RI,5V,12V Select
JP3/JP6/JP10/JP11
Function
3-4
RI (Ring Indicator)
1-2
5V
5-6
12V
JP4 : 18-bit LVDS VDD Select
JP4
2-4 Short
4-6 Short
3-4 Short
Function
+3.3V
+5V
+12V
JP5 : 18-bit LVDS Backlight Enable Select
JP5
1-3,2-4 Short
1-3,4-6 Short
3-5,2-4 Short
3-5,4-6 Short
Function
+5V(HIGH)
+12V(HIGH)
+5V(LOW)
+12V(LOW)
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-2
Hardware Configuration
JP8 : Banias or Dothan voltage adjust
Signal Description
1-2 Short +1.8V (BANIAS)
2-3 Short +1.5V(DOTHAN)
JP9 : Clear CMOS
Signal Description
OPEN (Normal)
SHORT(Clear CMOS)
JP12 : CPU External Frequency Select
Signal Description
1-2 Short 100Mhz
2-3 Short 133Mhz
JP14 : COM3 RS232, RS422, RS485 Select
JP14
5-6, 9-11, 10-12, 15-17, 16-18 Short
3-4, 7-9, 8-10, 13-15, 14-16, 21-22 Short
1-2, 7-9, 8-10, 19-20 Short
Function
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
Notes:
CF UNIT default is “Master”
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-3
Hardware Configuration
2.2
Connector Allocation
I/O peripheral devices are connected to the interface connectors
Connector Function List
Connector
J1
J2
J3
J4
J5
J6
J7
J8
J9
J10
J11
J12
J13
J14
J15
J16
J17
J18
J20
J21
J22
J23
J24
J25
J26
J27
J28
J29
J30
J31
Description
VGA/DVI D-SUB Connector
COM Port Connector
KB/MS Connector
Audio Jack 3 in 1 Connector
RJ45 and USB X 2 Connector
RJ45 and USB X 2 Connector
24-bit LVDS Backlight Enable Connector
18-bit LVDS Backlight Enable Connector
Audio Pin Header
CD-IN pin header
24-bit LVDS Connector
18-bit LVDS Connector
USB Pin Header
USB Pin Header
COM3 Pin Header
COM4 Pin Header
SATA Connector
ATX Power Connector
SATA Connector
System FAN Connector
Front Panel Pin Header
Auto Power Button Pin Header
Case Open Pin Header
IDE Connector
Parallel Port Pin Header
GPIO Pin Header
CPU FAN Connector
CF Socket
COM5 Pin Header
COM6 Pin Header
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
Remark
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
2-4
Hardware Configuration
Pin Assignments of Connectors
J1 : On-board VGA Connector
5
1
10
6
15
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
11
Signal Description
Red
Green
Blue
Monitor ID0 (MONID0) (5V I/F)
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
+5V
Ground
Monitor ID1 (MONID1) (5V I/F)
VGA DDC Data (5V I/F)
Horizontal Sync. (HSYNC) (5V I/F)
Vertical Sync. (VSYNC) (5V I/F)
VGA DDC Clock (5V I/F)
DVI Pin Assignment
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Signal Description
TDC2TDC2+
GND
NC
NC
DDC_CLK
DDC_DATA
NC
TDC1-
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-5
Hardware Configuration
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
TDC1+
GND
NC
NC
5V
GND
DVI Detect
TDC0TDC0+
GND
NC
NC
GND
TLC+
TLC-
J2 : COM Port D-SUB Connector
PIN No.
1,10
2,11
3,12
4,13
5,14
6,15
7,16
8.17
9,18
Signal Description
DCD (Data Carrier Detect)
RXD (Receive Data)
TXD (Transmit Data)
DTR (Data Terminal Ready)
GND (Ground)
DSR (Data Set Ready)
RTS (Request to Send)
CTS (Clear to Send)
RI (Ring Indicator) Selectable 5V or 12V and RI
J3 : KB/MS D-SUB Connector
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal Description
Keyboard Data
Mouse Data
Ground
PS2 Power
Keyboard Clock
Mouse Clock
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-6
Hardware Configuration
J4 : Audio Jack Connector
PIN No.
1
3
22
24
32
34
Signal Description
Analog Ground
Analog Ground
Line-out Left Channel
NC
Line-in Left Channel
NC
PIN No.
2、5
4
23
25
33
35
Signal Description
MIC with Reference Voltage
NC
Analog Ground
Line-out Right Channel
Analog Ground
Line-in Right Channel
J5/J6 : Ethernet RJ-45&USB D-SUB Connector
RJ-45 Pin Assignment
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Signal Description
MDI0+ (MDI0P)
MDI0- (MDI0N)
MDI1+ (MDI1P)
MDI2+ (MDI2P)
MDI2- (MDI2N)
MDI1- (MDI1N)
MDI3+ (MDI3P)
MDI3- (MDI3N)
USB Pin Assignment
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
Signal Description
VCC
USBUSB+
GND
J7/J8 : 18-bit and 24-bit LVDS Backlight Connector
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
Signal Description
VCC
GND
12V
GND
Backlight Enable.
※24-bit LVDS is optional
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-7
Hardware Configuration
J9 : Audio Pin Header
PIN No.
Signal Description
1
Line out-Right
3
Ground
5
Line out-Left
PIN No.
2
4
6
Signal Description
Mic-Right
Ground
Mic-Lift
J10 : CD-in Pin Header
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
Signal Description
CD-in Left Channel
CD Ground
CD Ground
CD-in Right Channel
J11 : 18-bit LVDS Connector.
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
Signal Description
CHA_DATA0
CHA_DATA1
CHA_DATA2
NC
CHA_CLKP
CHB_DATA0
CHB_DATA1
CHB_DATA2
NC
CHB_CLKP
NC
GND
GND
VDD_POWER
NC
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
Signal Description
CHA_DATA#0
CHA_DATA#1
CHA_DATA#2
NC
CHA_CLKN
CHB_DATA#0
CHB_DATA#1
CHB_DATA#2
NC
CHB_CLKN
NC
NC
GND
VDD_POWER
VDD_POWER
2-8
Hardware Configuration
J12 : 24-bit LVDS Connector (Optional)
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
Signal Description
CHA_DATA0
CHA_DATA1
CHA_DATA2
CHA_DATA3
CHA_CLKP
CHB_DATA0
CHB_DATA1
CHB_DATA2
CHB_DATA3
CHB_CLKP
DDC_DATA
GND
GND
VDD_POWER
NC
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
Signal Description
CHA_DATA#0
CHA_DATA#1
CHA_DATA#2
CHA_DATA#3
CHA_CLKN
CHB_DATA#0
CHB_DATA#1
CHB_DATA#2
CHB_DATA#3
CHB_CLKN
DDC_CLK
NC
GND
VDD_POWER
VDD_POWER
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
J13/J14 : Internal USB Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
VCC
USB1USB1+
GND
NC
VCC
USB2USB2+
GND
GND
J15/J16 /J30/J31 : COM3,COM4 ,COM5,COM6 Pin Header
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Signal Description
DCD (Data Carrier Detect)
RXD (Receive Data)
TXD (Transmit Data)
DTR (Data Terminal Ready)
GND (Ground)
DSR (Data Set Ready)
RTS (Request to Send)
CTS (Clear to Send)
RI (Ring Indicator)
N/C
※COM5 and COM6 are optional
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
2-9
Hardware Configuration
J17/J20 : SATA Connector
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Signal Description
Ground
SATATX+ (SATATXP)
SATATX- (SATATXN)
Ground
SATARX- (SATARXN)
SATARX+ (SATARXP)
Ground
J18 : ATX Power Connector
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Signal Description
+3.3V
+3.3V
GND
+5V
GND
+5V
GND
PWR_OK
+5VSB
+12V1
PIN No.
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal Description
+3.3V
-12V
GND
PS_ON#
GND
GND
GND
NC
+5V
+5V
J21/J28 : FAN Connector
PIN No.
1
2
3
Signal Description
Ground
+12V
Fan Speed Detecting signal
J22 : Front Panel Pin Header
PIN No.
Signal Description
1
Power Button Signal
3
Reset Signal
5
VCC3
7
5VSB
9
GND
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
GND
GND
HDD LED Signal
Suspend LED Signal
Power LED
2-10
Hardware Configuration
J23 : Auto Power Button
PIN No.
1-2
1-2
Signal Description
OPEN (Disable auto power button)
SHORT(Enable auto power button)
J24 : Case Open
PIN No.
1-2
1-2
Signal Description
OPEN (Disable case open)
SHORT(Enable case open)
J25 : IDE Connector
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
Signal Description
RESET#
DATA_7
DATA_6
DATA_5
DATA_4
DATA_3
DATA_2
DATA_1
DATA_0
GND
PDDREQ
PDIOW#
PDIOR#
PDIORDY
PDDACK#
IRQ14#
PDA1
PDA0
PDCS#1
IDEACT#
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
Signal Description
GND
DATA_8
DATA_9
DATA_10
DATA_11
DATA_12
DATA_13
DATA_14
DATA_15
NC
GND
GND
GND
CSEL
GND
NC
PDIAG#
PDA2
PDCS#3
GND
2-11
Hardware Configuration
J26 : Parallel Port
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Signal Description
Strobe#
Data 0
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
Data 4
Data 5
Data 6
Data 7
Acknowledge#
Busy
Paper Empty
Printer Select
PIN No.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Signal Description
Auto Form Feed#
Error#
Initialization#
Printer Select IN#
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
N/C
J27 : General Purpose I/O Connector
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
GPIO0
GPIO1
GPIO2
GPIO3
Ground
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
PIN No.
Signal Description
2
GPIO4
4
6
8
10
GPIO5
GPIO6
GPIO7
+5V
2-12
System Installation
Chapter 3
System Installation
This chapter provides you with instructions to set up your system. The additional
information is enclosed to help you set up onboard PCI device and handle Watch Dog
Timer (WDT) and operation of GPIO in software programming.
3.1
Intel® Pentium M/Celeron M Processor
Installing Socket 479 CPU on actuator (for PGA Processor Type)
Making sure to loosen the latch of actuator at correctly position (Open), and then
configure CPU more gently, don’t be forcible push to do it.
Figure 3-1
Removing CPU
1) Unlock the cooling fan first.
2) Unlock the latch of CPU socket to open position.
3) Carefully lifts up the existing CPU to remove it from the actuator.
4) Follow the steps of installing a CPU to change to another one or drive latch to close
the opened actuator.
Configuring System Bus
WADE-8044 of PGA Type will automatically detect the CPU used. CPU speed of Intel
Pentium M /Celeron M can be detected automatically.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
3-1
System Installation
3.2
Main Memory
WADE-8044 provides two DIMM socket which support dual channel memory DDR2
400MHz as main memory, Non-ECC (Error Checking and Correcting), non-register
functions. The maximum memory size can be up to 2GB capacity.
For system compatibility and stability, do not use memory module without brand.
Memory configuration can be either one double-sided DIMM in either one DIMM
socket or two single-sided DIMM in both sockets.
Watch out the contact and lock integrity of memory module with socket, it will
impact on the system reliability. Follow normal procedures to install memory module
into memory socket. Before locking, make sure that all modules have been fully
inserted into the card slots.
3.3
Installing the Single Board Computer
To install your WADE-8044 into standard chassis or proprietary environment, please
perform the following:
Step 1: Checking all jumpers setting on proper position
Step 2: Installing and configure CPU and memory module on right position
Step 3: Placing WADE-8044 into the dedicated position in the system
Step 4: Attach cables to existing peripheral devices and secure it
WARNING
Please ensure that SBC is properly inserted and fixed by mechanism.
Note:
Please refer to section 3.3.1 to 3.3.4 to install INF/VGA/LAN/Audio drivers.
3.3.1
Chipset Component Driver
The chipset used on WADE-8044 is relatively new which operating systems might not
be able to recognize. To overcome this compatibility issue, for Windows Operating
Systems such as Windows-2000/XP, please install its INF before any of other Drivers
are installed.
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System Installation
3.3.2
Intel Integrated Graphics GMCH Chip
Using Intel® 910GMLE chipset is the result of new design approach to optimize the
shared memory architecture while maintaining the cost benefits of integration
through Dynamic Video Memory Technology. With no additional video adaptor, this
onboard video provides the system display output.
With no additional video adaptor, this onboard video will usually be the system
display output. By adjusting the BIOS setting to disable on-board VGA, an add-on
PCI VGA card can take over the system display.
Drivers Support
Please find Alviso GMCH driver in the WADE-8044 CD-title. Drivers support
Windows-2000, Windows XP and Linux.
3.3.3
Ethernet Controller
Drivers Support
Please find Realtek 8111B LAN driver in /Ethernet directory of WADE-8044 CD-title.
The drivers support Windows-2000 and Windows-XP.
LED Indicator (for LAN status)
WADE-8044 provides two LED indicators to report Realtek 8111B Ethernet interface
status. Please refer to the table below as a quick reference guide.
RTL8111B
Left
Color
Status
Green
LED
Name of LED
LAN Linked & Active
LED
Right Speed Orange
LED
Green
3.3.4
LAN speed LED
Operation of Ethernet Port
Linked
Active
On
Giga
Mbps
Orange
Blinking
100
Mbps
Green
10 Mbps
Off
Audio Controller
Please find Realtek ALC262 Audio driver form WADE-8044 CD-title. The drivers
support Windows 2000 and XP.
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3-3
System Installation
3.4
Clear CMOS Operation
The following table indicates how to enable/disable Clear CMOS Function hardware
circuit by putting jumpers at proper position.
JP9
1-2 Short
Open
Function
Clear CMOS contents
Normal Operation
To correctly operate CMOS Clear function, user must turn off the system, shorted JP9
jumper both of pin 1 and pin 2. To clear CMOS contents, please turn the power back
on and turn it off again for AT system, or press the trigger a few times for ATX
system. Removing the jump from JP9 to open and start the system.
3.5
WDT Function
The working algorithm of the WDT function can be simply described as a counting
process. The Time-Out Interval can be set through software programming. The
availability of the time-out interval settings by software or hardware varies from
boards to boards.
WADE-8044 allows users control WDT through dynamic software programming. The
WDT starts counting when it is activated. It sends out a signal to system reset or to
non-maskable interrupt (NMI), when time-out interval ends. To prevent the time-out
interval from running out, a re-trigger signal will need to be sent before the counting
reaches its end. This action will restart the counting process. A well-written WDT
program should keep the counting process running under normal condition. WDT
should never generate a system reset or NMI signal unless the system runs into
troubles.
The related Control Registers of WDT are all included in the following sample
program that is written in C language. User can fill a non-zero value into the
Time-out Value Register to enable/refresh WDT. System will be reset after the
Time-out Value to be counted down to zero. Or user can directly fill a zero value into
Time-out Value Register to disable WDT immediately. To ensure a successful
accessing to the content of desired Control Register, the sequence of following
program codes should be step-by-step run again when each register is accessed.
Additionally, there are maximum 2 seconds of counting tolerance that should be
considered into user’ application program. For more information about WDT, please
refer to Winbond W83627DHG-E data sheet.
There are two PNP I/O port addresses that can be used to configure WDT,
1) 0x2E: EFIR (Extended Function Index Register, for identifying CR index number)
2) 0x2F: EFDR (Extended Function Data Register, for accessing desired CR)
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System Installation
Below are some example codes, which demonstrate the use of WDT.
; Entry Super I/O Config
MOV
DX,002Eh
;01. Setup Super I/O Port 2Eh
MOV
AL,87h
;02. Setup Entry Key 87h
OUT
DX,AL
;03. Sent Entry Key Twice
OUT
DX,AL
;--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------; Set Super I/O Pin 77 Function
MOV
AL,02Dh
;04. Setup Super I/O WDTO pin define
OUT
DX,AL
;05. Assign Access Register 2Dh
MOV
DX,02Fh
;06. Assign Data Port(02Fh), read register back
IN
AL,DX
;07. From Data Port(2Fh) , read register back
AND
AL,0FEh
;08. Clear bit0 to set Super I/O Pin 77 as WDTO
OUT
DX,AL
;09. Write value to Super I/O offset 2Dh
;--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------; Switch Logical Device
MOV
DX,02Eh
;10. Assign setup Index Port to Access Data
MOV
AL,07
;11. Prepare to change Logical Device
OUT
DX,AL
;12. Assign Access Register 07h
MOV
AL,08
;13. Switch to Logical Device 08 to set WDTO function
MOV
DX,02Fh
;14. Prepare to set value to Data Port
OUT
DX,AL
;15. Setup value write to Super I/O offset 07H
;--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------; Setting WDTO Function
MOV
AL,030h
;16. Prepare to enable WDT function
MOV
DX,02Eh
;17. Asssign Setup Index Port , Access Data
OUT
DX,AL
;18. Assign Setup Access Register 30h
MOV
AL,01
;19. Setup WDT function to enabled
MOV
DX,02Fh
;20. Sent Value From Data Port
OUT
DX,AL
;21. Write Setup Value to Super I/O offset 30h
MOV
AL,0F5h
;22. Prepare to set register F5h of WDT function
MOV
DX,02Eh
;23. Access Data From Index Port.
OUT
DX,AL
;24. Setup Data Access Register At F5H.
MOV
AL,02h
;25. WDTO Output Low pluse to the KBRST# Pin Enable
MOV
DX,02Fh
;26. Prepare to set value to Data Port
OUT
DX,AL
;27. Write Setup Value to register F5h of WDT function
MOV
AL,0F6h
;28. Prepare to set register F6h of WDT function
MOV
DX,02Eh
;29. Access Data From Index Port
OUT
DX,AL
;30. Set value to register F6h of WDT function
MOV
AL,0AAh
;31. Leave Super I/O Config’s Command 0AAh
MOV
DX,02Eh
;32. Access Data From Index Port
OUT
DX,AL
;33. Sent 0AAh,Leave From Super I/O Config
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3-5
System Installation
3.5.1
Pin assignment
J27 : General Purpose I/O Connector
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
GPIO0
GPIO1
GPIO2
GPIO3
Ground
PIN No.
Signal Description
2
GPIO4
4
6
8
10
GPIO5
GPIO6
GPIO7
+5V
All General Purpose I/O ports can only apply to standard TTL ± 5% signal level
(0V/5V), and each source sink capacity up to 12mA.
3.5.2
WADE-8044 GPIO Programming Guide
There are 8 GPIO pins on WADE-8044. These GPIO pins are from Super I/O
(W83627DHG-E) and South Bridge (ICH6-M) GPIO pins, and can be programmed as
Input or Output direction.
J27 pin header is for 8 GPIO pins and its pin assignment as following :
J27_Pin1=GPIO1:from ICH6M_GPIO33 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin2=GPIO2:from SUPER I/O_GPIO36 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin3=GPIO3:from ICH6M_GPIO34 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin4=GPIO1:from ICH6M_GPIO27 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin5=GPIO3:from SUPER I/O_GPIO21 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin6=GPIO2:from ICH6M_GPIO28 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin7=GPIO7:from SUPER I/O_GPIO20 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J27_Pin8=GPIO3:from ICH6M_GPIO24 with Ext. 4.7K PH
<<<<< Be careful Pin9=GND , Pin10=VCC >>>>>
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System Installation
3.5.3
Example1
There are 8 GPIO pins in this board and users can set any GPIO pin as Input or
Output. The GPIO Pin SB_GP33 Which SB stands for Source Bridge and GPIO pin
W_GP36 which W stands for Super I/O. Below we show how to set GPIO pin as
Input/Output.
How to setup GPIO Behavior
Predefine I/O address to configure Super I/O and Source Bridge GPIO pins.
#define IOADDRESS
#define IODATA
#define GPIOBASE
0x2E //Super IO Configuration I/O Port
0x2F
0x480 //GPIO base address for Source Bridge
Initial SB_GP27 ,where parameter Mode=0 set as Output, Mode=1 set as Input.
void InitSB_GPIO27(int Mode)
{
unsigned char TempData;
/* Set GPIO27 as GPIO pin */
TempData = inportb(GPIOBASE+3);
TempData |= 0x08;
outportb(GPIOBASE+3, TempData);
TempData = inportb(GPIOBASE+7);
switch(Mode)
{
case 0: /* output */
TempData &= ~(0x08); /* bit 27 */
break;
case 1: /* input */
TempData |= 0x08; /* bit 27 */
break;
}/* switch(mode) */
outportb(GPIOBASE+7, TempData);
}
Read SB_GP27
unsigned char RDSB_GPIO27()
{
unsigned char TempData;
TempData = inportb(GPIOBASE+0x0F) & 0x08;
return TempData;
}
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System Installation
Initial SuperIO W_GP20 ,W_GP21
void SetPort2(int Mode, unsigned char Data)
{
unsigned char TempData;
/* Enter to Extension Mode */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x87);
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x87);
/* Set GP20, GP21 as GPIO */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x29);
TempData = (inportb(IODATA) | 0x02);
outportb(IODATA, TempData);
/* Select Logical Device 9 */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x07);
outportb(IODATA, 0x09);
/* Set CR30[0]:1
Port 2 active */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x30);
TempData = (inportb(IODATA) | 0x03);
outportb(IODATA, TempData);
/* Set CRE3[0:1] : 00
Set GP20 as output , GP21 as input pin */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0xE3);
switch(Mode)
{
case 0:
/* GP20, GP21 AS Output*/
TempData = (inportb(IODATA) & ~(0x03));
break;
case 1:
/* GP20 As Input, GP21 As Output */
TempData = (inportb(IODATA) | 0x03);
break;
}
outportb(IODATA, TempData);
outportb(IOADDRESS,0xE2);
outportb(IODATA,0x00); /* not inverse */
/* Exit Extension Mode */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0xAA);
}
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System Installation
Read W_GP21
unsigned char readSO_21()
{
unsigned char TempData,ret;
/* Enter to Extension Mode */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x87);
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x87);
/* Select Logical Device 9 */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0x07);
outportb(IODATA, 0x09);
outportb(IOADDRESS,0xE4);
ret = inportb(IODATA)& 0x02;
/* Exit Extension Mode */
outportb(IOADDRESS, 0xAA);
return ret;
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
3-9
BIOS Setup Information
Chapter 4
BIOS Setup Information
WADE-8044 is equipped with the AWARD BIOS stored in SPI Flash ROM. These
BIOS has a built-in Setup program that allows users to modify the basic system
configuration easily. This type of information is stored in CMOS RAM so that it is
retained during power-off periods. When system is turned on, WADE-8044
communicates with peripheral devices and checks its hardware resources against the
configuration information stored in the CMOS memory. If any error is detected, or
the CMOS parameters need to be initially defined, the diagnostic program will
prompt the user to enter the SETUP program. Some errors are significant enough to
abort the start-up.
4.1
Entering Setup
Turn on or reboot the computer. When the message “Hit <DEL> if you want to run
SETUP” appears, press <Del> key immediately to enter BIOS setup program.
If the message disappears before you respond, but you still wish to enter Setup,
please restart the system to try “COLD START” again by turning it OFF and then
ON, or touch the "RESET" button. You may also restart from “WARM START” by
pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys simultaneously. If you do not press the
keys at the right time and the system will not boot, an error message will be displayed
and you will again be asked to,
Press <F1> to Run SETUP or Resume
In HIFLEX BIOS setup, you can use the keyboard to choose among options or modify
the system parameters to match the options with your system. The table below will
show you all of keystroke functions in BIOS setup.
↑↓→ ←
Enter
+ / - /PU /PD
ESC
F1
F2
F5
F6
F7
F9
F10
General Help
: Move
: Select
: Value
: Exit
: General Help
: Item Help
: Previous Values
: Fail-Safe Defaults
: Optimized Defaults
: Menu in BIOS
: Save
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-1
BIOS Setup Information
4.2
Main Menu
Once you enter WADE-8044 AWARD BIOS CMOS Setup Utility, a Main Menu is
presented. The Main Menu allows user to select from eleven setup functions and two
exit choices. Use arrow keys to switch among items and press <Enter> key to accept
or bring up the sub-menu.
Note:
It is strongly recommended to reload Optimum Setting if CMOS is lost or BIOS is
updated.
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4-2
BIOS Setup Information
4.3
Standard CMOS Setup Menu
This setup page includes all the items in standard compatible BIOS. Use the arrow
keys to highlight the item and then use the <PgUp>/<PgDn> or <+>/<-> keys to
select the value or number you want in each item and press <Enter> key to certify it.
Follow command keys in CMOS Setup table to change Date, Time, Drive type, and
Boot Sector Virus Protection Status.
Note:
Oblique parameters are base on memory capacity which user adopts on single board.
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4-3
BIOS Setup Information
Menu Selections
Item
Options
Date
mm:dd:yy
Time
IDE Channel 0
Master
IDEChannel 0
Slave
IDE Channel 1
Master
IDE Channel 1
Slave
Video
Halt On
hh:mm:ss
Description
Change the day, month, year and
century
Change the internal clock
Options are in its sub
menu (described in
Table of section 4.4)
Press <Enter> to enter the sub menu of
detailed options
EGA/VGA
CGA 40
CGA 80
MONO
All Errors
No Errors
All But Keyboard
Select the default video device
Base Memory
640K
Extended
Memory
Total Memory
N/A
N/A
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
All Errors: The boot process will halt
on all errors.
No Errors: The POST will not stop of
any type of error.
All But Keyboard: The boot process
will stop for any error except a
keyboard error.
Displays the amount of conventional
memory detected during boot up
Displays the amount of extended
memory detected during boot up
Displays the total memory available in
the system
4-4
BIOS Setup Information
4.4
IDE Adaptors Setup Menu
The IDE adapters control the IDE devices, such as hard disk drive or CD-ROM drive.
It uses a separate sub menu to configure each hard disk drive.
Note:
The oblique items are meaning base on what kind of storage device user employs.
Menu Selections
Item
Options
IDE HDD
Press Enter
Auto-detection
IDE Channel 0/ None
Channel 1
Auto
Master or Slave Manual
Access Mode
Capacity
CHS, LBA
Large, Auto
Auto Display your
disk drive size
Description
Press Enter to auto-detect the HDD on this
channel. If detection is successful, it fills
the remaining fields on this menu.
Selecting ‘manual’ lets you set the
remaining fields on this screen. Selects the
type of fixed disk. "User Type" will let you
select the number of cylinders, heads, etc.
Note: PRECOMP=65535 means NONE !
Choose the access mode for this hard disk
Disk drive capacity (Approximated). Note
that this size is usually slightly greater than
the size of a formatted disk given by a disk
checking program.
The following options are selectable only if the ‘IDE Primary Master’ item is set to
‘Manual’
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-5
BIOS Setup Information
Cylinder
Head
Precomp
Min=0, Max=65535
Min=0, Max=255
Min=0, Max=65535
Landing zone
Sector
Min=0, Max=65535
Min=0, Max=255
4.5
Set the number of cylinders for hard disk
Set the number of read/write heads
**** Warning: Setting a value of 65535
means no hard disk
****
Number of sectors per track
Advanced BIOS Features
This section allows user to configure your system for basic operation. The system’s
default speed, boot-up sequence, keyboard operation, shadowing and security may
be modified accordingly.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-6
BIOS Setup Information
CPU Feature
Press Enter to configure the settings relevant to CPU Feature.
Delay Prior To Thermal
This field is used to select the time that would force the CPU to a 50% duty cycle
when it exceeds its maximum operating temperature therefore protecting the CPU
and the system board from overheating to ensure a safe computing environment..
Thermal Management
Select a “thermal monitor” in this field to enable the CPU’s speedstep function.
Restart the system then go to the operating system’s “Control Panel”. Double-click
“Power Options”. The “Power Options Properties” dialog box will appear. In the
“Power Schemes” menu, select “Por table/Laptop”. Speedstep reduces the CPU’s
frequency and voltage in accordance to its load.
Thermal Monitor 1 On die throtting.
Thermal Monitor 2 Ratio and VID transition.
TM2 Bus Ratio
This field is used to select the frequency (bus ratio) of the throttled performance state
that will be initiated when the on-die sensor turns from cool to hot.
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4-7
BIOS Setup Information
TM2 Bus VID
This field is used to select the voltage of the throttled performance state that will be
initiated when the on-die sensor turns from cool to hot.
Execute Disable Bit
When this field is set to Disabled, it will force the XD feature flag to always return to
0.
Hard Disk Boot Priority
Select boot sequence for onboard(or add-on cards) SCSI, RAID, etc.
Use <↑> or <↓> to select a device, then press<+> to move it up, or <-> to move it
down the list.
Press <ESC> to exit this menu.
Virus Warning
Allow you to choose the VIRUS warning feature for IDE Hard Disk boot sector
protection. If this function is enabled and someone attempt to write data into this
area, BIOS will show a warning message on screen and alarm beep.
Enabled
Disabled
Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a
warning message to appear when anything attempts to access the
boot sector or hard disk partition table.
No warning message will appear when anything attempts to access
the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
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4-8
BIOS Setup Information
CPU L1 & L2 Cache
These two categories speed up memory access.
CPU/chipset design.
Enabled
Disabled
However, it depends on
Enable cache
Disable cache
Quick Power On Self Test
Allows the system skip certain tests while booting. This will decrease the time needed
to boot the system.
Enabled
Disabled
Enable quick POST
Normal POST
First/Second/Third Boot Device
Select your Boot Device Priority.
The choice: Floppy, LS120, Hard Disk, CDROM, ZIP 100, USB-FDD, USB-ZIP,
USB-CDROM, LAN and Disabled.
Boot Other Device
Select your Boot Device Priority.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Select power on state for NumLock.
The choice: Off, On.
Gate A20 Option
Fast-lets chipsets control Gate A20 and Normal – a pin in the keyboard controller
controls Gate A20. Default is fast.
The choice: Normal, Fast.
Typematic Rate Setting
Keyboard repeat at a rate determined by the keyboard controller, when enabled, the
typematic delay can de select.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-9
BIOS Setup Information
※Typematic Rate (Chars/sec)
The rate is which character repeats when you hold down a key at.
The choice: 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, and 30. (Default 6)
※Typematic delay (Msec)
The delay before keystrokes begin to repeat.
The choice: 250, 500, 750, and 1000. (Default 250)
Security Option
Select whether the password is required every time the system boots or only when
you enter setup.
System
Setup
The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied if the
correct password is not entered at the prompt.
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied if the correct
password is not entered at the prompt.
Note:
To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at Main Menu and then you will be
asked to enter password. Do not type anything and just press <Enter>, it will disable
security. Once the security is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup
freely.
APIC Mode
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
MPS Version Control For OS
The choice: 1.1, 1.4
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB
Select OS/2 only if you are running OS/2 operating system with greater than 64MB
of RAM on the system.
The choice: Non-OS2, OS2.
Report No FDD For WIN 95
This BIOS feature allows you to set if the BIOS should report the absence of a floppy
disk drive to Windows 95.
The options are Yes and No.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-10
BIOS Setup Information
Full Screen Logo Show
This field is applicable only if you want a particular logo to appear during system
boot-up.
Enabled
Disabled
The logo will appear in full screen during system boot-up.
The logo will not appear during system boot-up.
Small Logo (EPA) Show
Enabled
Disabled
4.6
The EPA logo will appear during system boot-up.
The EPA logo will not appear during system boot-up.
Advanced Chipset Features
This section allows user to configure the system based on the specific features of the
Intel 910GMLE and ICH6M chipsets for WADE-8044. This chipset manages bus
speeds and access to system memory resources, such as DRAM (DDR2 SDRAM) and
the external cache. It must be stated that these items should never need to be altered.
The default settings have been chosen because they provide the best operating
conditions for the system. The only time user might consider making any changes
would be if you discovered that data was being lost while during system operation.
DRAM Timing Selectable
This field is used to select the timing of the DRAM.
The choice: By SPD, Manual.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-11
BIOS Setup Information
CAS Latency Time
You can configure CAS latency time in HCLKs as 2 or 2.5 or 3. The system board designer
should set the values in this field, depending on the DRAM installed. Do not change the values
in this field unless you change specifications of the installed DRAM or the installed CPU.
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay
This option allows you to insert a delay between the RAS (Row Address Strobe) and
CAS (Column Address Strobe) signals. This delay occurs when the SDRAM is written
to, read from or refreshed. Reducing the delay improves the performance of the
SDRAM.
DRAM RAS# Precharge
This option sets the number of cycles required for the RAS to accumulate its charge
before the SDRAM refreshes.
Precharge Delay (tRAS)
The options are Auto, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15.
System Memory Frequency
This field is used to select the memory clock speed of the DIMM.
SLP_S4# Assertion Width
The options are 1 to 2 Sec., 2 to 3 Sec., 3 to 4 Sec. and 4 to 5 Sec.
System BIOS Cacheable
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Video BIOS Cacheable
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
PCI Express Root Port Func
Move the cursor to this field and press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
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4-12
BIOS Setup Information
PCI Express Port 1/2/3/4
This field is used to enable or disable the PCI Express port function.
PCI-E Compliancy Mode
This field is used to select the mode for the PCI Express add-in card.
On Chip Frame Buffer Size
The choice: 1 MB, 8 MB
DVMT Mode
This field shows the current DVMT mode.
When set to Fixed Mode, the graphics driver will reserve a fixed portion of the system
memory as graphics memory.
When set to DVMT Mode, the graphics chip will dynamically allocate system
memory as graphics memory, according to system and graphics requirements.
When set to Both Mode, the graphics driver will allocate a fixed amount of memory
as dedicated graphics memory, as well as allow more system memory to be
dynamically allocated between the graphics processor and the operating system.
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4-13
BIOS Setup Information
DVMT/Fixed Memory Size
This field is used to select the graphics memory size used by DVMT/Fixed mode.
Boot Display
The choice: CRT, LFP, CRT+LFP, EFP(DVI), CRT+EFP(DVI),CRT+LFP2.
Panel Scaling
The choice: Auto, On, OFF.
Panel Number
These fields allow you to select the LCD Panel type.
4.7
Integrated Peripherals
OnChip IDE Device
Move the cursor to this field and press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-14
BIOS Setup Information
IDE HDD Block Mode
If IDE hard drive supports block mode select Enabled for automatic detection of the
optimal number of block read/writes per sector the drive can support.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
IDE DMA Transfer Access
This field, when Enabled, will enhance the IDE DMA transfer of an IDE hard disk
drive.
On-Chip Primary/Secondary PCI IDE
The choice: Enabled, Disabled
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields allow set a PIO mode (0-4) for
each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface supports. Modes 0
through 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system
automatically determines the best mode for each device.
The choice: Auto, Mode 0, Mode 1, Mode 2, Mode 3, Mode 4.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-15
BIOS Setup Information
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
Ultra DMA/33/66/100 implementation is possible only if IDE hard drive supports
and the operating environment includes a DMA driver (Windows 95 OSR2 or a
third-party IDE bus master driver). If your hard drive and system software both
support Ultra DMA/33/66/100, select Auto to enable BIOS support.
The choice: Auto, Disabled.
On-Chip Serial ATA
Disabled
Disables the onboard SATA.
Auto
The system will detect the existing SATA and IDE drives then
automatically set them to the available master/slave mode.
Combined Mode This option allows you to use both IDE and SATA drives; allowing
a maximum of 4 drives 1 IDE Master, 1 IDE Slave and 2 SATA;
supporting maximum of 2 drives on each channel.
Enhanced Mode This option allows you to use both IDE and SATA drives; allowing
a maximum of 4 drives 1 IDE Master, 1 IDE Slave and 2 SATA.
SATA Only
This option automatically sets the SATA drives to Primary Master
mode. Since the SATA drives are in Master mode, you cannot set
the IDE drive to Master mode.
PATA IDE Mode
This field is used to select the function mode of the IDE connector.
Secondary
Slave channel. SATA 1 and SATA 2 serve as Primary Master and
Primary Slave channel.
SATA Port
If the “PATA IDE Mode” field is set to Primary, this field will show “P1, P3 is
Secondary”; meaning SATA 0 and SATA 2 are Secondary.
If the “PATA IDE Mode” field is set to Secondary, this field will show “P0, P2 is
Primary”; meaning SATA 1 and SATA 3 are Primary.
Onboard Device
Move the cursor to this field and press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
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BIOS Setup Information
USB and USB 2.0 Controller
[Enabled] or [Disabled] universal host controller interface for universal serial bus.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Keyboard/Mouse Support
Legacy support of USB keyboard or mouse.
The choice: Disabled, Enabled.
Onboard Audio Select
Auto
Disabled
Select this option when using the onboard audio CODEC.
Select this option when using a PCI sound card.
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4-17
BIOS Setup Information
Super IO Device Setting
Onboard Serial Port 1 and Onboard Serial Port 2
Auto
The system will automatically select an I/O address for the
onboard serial port 1 and serial port 2.
3F8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3
Allows you to manually select an I/O address for the onboard
serial port 1 and serial port 2.
Disabled
Disables the onboard serial port 1 and/or serial port 2.
Onboard Parallel Port
378/IRQ7, 3BC/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5 Selects the I/O address and IRQ for the onboard
parallel port.
Disabled
Disables the onboard parallel port.
Parallel Port Mode
The choice: SPP, EPP, ECP, ECP+EPP, Normal.
EPP Mode Select
This field is used to select the EPP mode.
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4-18
BIOS Setup Information
ECP Mode Use DMA
This is used to select a DMA channel of the parallel port.
PWRON After PWR-Fail
This item allows user to configure the power status of using ATX power supply after
a serious power loss occurs.
On
System automatically restores Power back
Off
System stays at Power-Off
Former-Sts System power on depends on the states
before AC lost
OnBoard LAN Boot ROM
This function decide whether to invoke the boot ROM of the onboard LAN chip.
Enabled
Disabled
Enable this function.
Disable this function. (Default value)
Watch Dog Timer Select
The choice: Disabled, 10/20/30/40 sec, 1/2/4 Min.
Onboard Serial Port 3/4/5/6
Allows you to manually select an I/O address for the onboard serial port 3/4/5/6
The choice: 280/288/2A0/2A8
※Onboard Serial Port 5 and 6 are optional
Serial Port 3/4/5/6 Use IRQ
Allows you to manually select an IRQ for the onboard serial port 3/4/5/6
The choice: IRQ 3 / IRQ 4 / IRQ 10 / IRQ 11
※Onboard Serial Port 5 and 6 are optional
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-19
BIOS Setup Information
4.8
Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows configuration of the system to most effectively
save energy while operating in a manner consistent with your own style of computer
use.
ACPI Function
This item allows you to enable/disable the Advanced Configuration and Power
Management (ACPI).
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
ACPI Suspend Type
To decide which ACPI suspend mode to use.
The choice: S1(TOS)/S3 (STR) .
※Run VGA BIOS if S3 Resume
The choice: Auto, Yes, No.
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4-20
BIOS Setup Information
Power Management
This category allows selecting the type (or degree) of power saving and is directly
related to “HDD Power Down”, “Suspend Mode”.
There are three selections for Power Management, three of which have fixed mode
settings.
Min. Power Saving
Max. Power Saving
User Defined
Minimum power management. Suspend Mode = 1 Hour,
and HDD Power Down = 15 Min.
Maximum power management. Suspend Mode = 1 Min.,
and HDD Power Down = 1 Min.
Allows you to set each mode individually. When not
disabled, Suspend Mode ranges from 1 min. to 1 Hour and
HDD Power Down ranges from 1 Min. to 15 Min.
Video off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
V/H SYNC+Blank
Blank Screen
DPMS
This selection will cause the system to turn off the vertical
and horizontal synchronization ports and write blanks to
the video buffer.
This option only writes blanks to the video buffer.
Initial display power management signaling.
Video Off In Suspend
This allows user to enable/disable video off in Suspend Mode.
The choice: Yes, No.
Suspend Type
Two options are available : Stop Grant and PWROn Suspend.
The choice: Stop Grant, PWROn Suspend.
Modem Use IRQ
This field sets the IRQ used by the Modem. By default, the setting is 3.
Suspend Mode
When enabled and after the set time of system inactivity, all devices except the CPU
will be shut off.
The choice: Disabled, 1 Min, 2 Min, 4 Min, 8 Min, 12 Min, 20 Min, 30 Min, 40 Min, 1
Hour.
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BIOS Setup Information
HDD Power Down
When enabled and after the set time of system inactivity, the hard disk drive will be
powered down while all other devices remain active.
The choice: Disabled, 1 Min, 2 Min, 3 Min, 4 Min, 5 Min, 6 Min, 7 Min, 8 Min, 9 Min, 10
Min, 11 Min, 12 Min, 13 Min, 14 Min, 15 Min.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
This item allows users to set the time to remove the power after the power button is
pressed.
The choice: Instant-Off, Delay 4 Sec.
Wake up by PCI Card
The choice: Enable,Disabled.
Power On by Ring
When select “Enabled”, a system that is at soft-off mode will be alert to
Wake-On-Modem or Wake-On LAN.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
※USB KB Wake-Up From S3
The choice: Enabled, Disabled. (Default Disabled)
Resume by Alarm
This item allows users to enable/disable the resume by alarm function. When
“Enabled” is selected, system using ATX power supply could be powered on if a
customized time and day is approached.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
※Date(of Month) Alarm
When “Resume by Alarm” is enabled, this item could allow users to configure the
date parameter of the timing dateline on which to power on the system.
The choice: 0 ~ 31.
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BIOS Setup Information
※Time (hh:mm:ss) Alarm
When “Resume by Alarm” is enabled, this item could allow users to configure the
time parameter of the timing dateline on which to power on the system.
The choice: hh (0~23), mm (0~59), ss (0 ~59).
Primary/Secondary IDE 0/1
This item is to configure IDE devices being monitored by system so as to keep system
out of suspend mode if the associated device is busy.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
FDD, COM, LPT Port
This item is to configure floppy device, COM ports, and parallel port being monitored
by system so as to keep system out of suspend mode if the associated device is busy.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
PCI PIRQ[A-D]#
This option can be used to detect PCI device activities. If they are activities, the
system will go into sleep mode.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
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4-23
BIOS Setup Information
4.9
PnP/PCI Configurations
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. PCI, or Peripheral Computer
Interconnect, is a system which allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing the
speed the CPU itself uses when communicating with its own special components.
This section covers some very technical items and it is strongly recommended that
only experienced users should make any changes to the default settings
Init Display First
This field is used to select whether to initialize the onboard VGA, PCI Express or PCI
first when the system boots.
Reset Configuration Data
Default is disabled. Select Enabled to reset Extended System Configuration Data
(ESCD) when you exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and the system
reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict that the OS cannot boot.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Resource Controlled By
BIOS can automatically configure the entire boot and plug and play compatible
devices. If set to Auto, IRQ DMA and memory base address fields can not be selected,
since BIOS automatically assigns them.
The choice: Auto (ESCD), Manual.
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4-24
BIOS Setup Information
※IRQ Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt a type,
depending on the type of device using the interrupt.
The choice: Press Enter.
IRQ-3/IRQ-4/IRQ-5/IRQ-7/IRQ-9/IRQ-10/IRQ-11/IRQ-12/IRQ-14/IRQ-15
assigned to.
The choice: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
※DMA Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt a type,
depending on the type of device using the DMA Resource.
The choice: Press Enter.
DMA-0/DMA-1/DMA-2/DMA-3/DMA-4/DMA-5/DMA-6/DMA-7 assigned to.
The choice: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
This field determines whether the MPEG ISA/VESA VGA cards can work with
PCI/VGA or not. The default value is Disabled.
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4-25
BIOS Setup Information
4.10
PC Health Status
Note:
The oblique items are variable parameters which are base on power resource.
Case Open Warning
This Item cause for the Warning message And Beep is that the chassis was opened
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Shutdown Temperature
You can prevent the system from overheating by selecting a temperature in this field.
If the system detected that its temperature exceeded the one set in this field, it will
automatically shutdown.
※Please note that this function only work under ACPI enabled OS.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-26
BIOS Setup Information
4.11
Frequency/Voltage Control
Auto Detect PCI Clk
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Spread Spectrum
This item allows user to enable/disable the spread spectrum modulate.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
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4-27
BIOS Setup Information
4.12
Default Menu
Selecting “Defaults” from the main menu shows two options which are described
below,
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When <Enter> is pressed, a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance
system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When <Enter> is pressed, a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance
system operations.
4.13
Supervisor/User Password Setting
Either supervisor or user password can be setup, or both of then. The differences
between are:
Set Supervisor Password: can enter and change the options of the setup menus.
Set User Password: just can only enter but do not have the right to change the options
of the setup menus. When selecting this function, the following message will appear
at the center of the screen to assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The
password typed now will clear any previously entered password from CMOS
memory. You will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and
press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a
password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when prompted to enter the password. A
message will confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled,
the system will reboot and Setup can be entered freely.
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4-28
BIOS Setup Information
PASSWORD DISABLED
When a password has been enabled, user will be prompted to enter it every time user
tries to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of
your system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a
password every time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use
of the computer.
User may determine when the password is required within the BIOS Features Setup
Menu and its Security option (see Section 3). If the Security option is set to “System”,
the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”,
prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
4.14
Exiting Selection
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS – a special section of
memory that stays on after system off. During subsequent booting of computer, the
BIOS configures the system according to the Setup selections stored in CMOS. After
saving the values the system is restarted again.
Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? N
This allows user to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous
selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
4-29
Troubleshooting
Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides a few useful tips to quickly get WADE-8044 running with
success. As basic hardware installation has been addressed in Chapter 2, this chapter
will primarily focus on system integration issues, in terms of BIOS setting, and OS
diagnostics.
5.1
Hardware Quick Installation
Intel Socket 479 Pentium M / Celeron M processor
Please kindly refer the figure 3-1 at chapter 3, user has to configure CPU into the
actuator more gentle and locks the latch on the actuator, don’t forcible push CPU into
socket.
5.2
BIOS Setting
It is assumed that users have correctly adopted modules and connected all the
devices cables required before turning on ATX power. CPU, CPU Fan, 240-pin DDR2
SDRAM, keyboard, mouse, floppy drive, IDE hard disk, VGA connector, device
cables, ATX power cable are good examples that deserve attention. With no assurance
of properly and correctly accommodating these modules and devices, it is very
possible to encounter system failures that result in malfunction of any device.
To make sure that you have a successful start with WADE-8044, it is recommended,
when going with the boot-up sequence, to hit “DEL” key and enter the BIOS setup
menu to tune up a stable BIOS configuration so that you can wake up your system far
well.
Loading the default optimal setting
When prompted with the main setup menu, please scroll down to “Load Optimal
Defaults”, press “Enter” and “Y” to load in default optimal BIOS setup. This will
force your BIOS setting back to the initial factory configuration. It is recommended to
do this so you can be sure the system is running with optimized BIOS setting. As a
matter of fact, users can load the default BIOS setting any time when system appears
to be unstable in boot up sequence.
Auto Detect Hard Disks
In the BIOS => Standard CMOS setup menu, pick up any one from
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave IDE ports, and press “Enter”. Setup the selected
IDE port and its access mode to “Auto”. This will force system to automatically pick
up the IDE devices that are being connected each time system boots up.
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5-1
Troubleshooting
Improper disable operation
There are too many occasions where users disable a certain device/feature in one
application through BIOS setting. These variables may not be set back to the original
values when needed. These devices/features will certainly fail to be detected.
When the above conditions happen, it is strongly recommended to check the BIOS
settings. Make sure certain items are set as they should be. These include the COM1/
COM2/COM3/COM4 ports, USB ports, external cache, on-board VGA and Ethernet.
It is also very common that users would like to disable a certain device/port to
release IRQ resource. A few good examples are
Disable COM1/COM4 serial port to release IRQ #4
Disable COM2/COM3 serial port to release IRQ #3
Etc…
A quick review of the basic IRQ mapping is given below for your reference.
IRQ#
IRQ #0
IRQ #1
IRQ #2
IRQ #3
IRQ #4
IRQ #5
IRQ #6
IRQ #7
IRQ #8
IRQ #9
IRQ #10
IRQ #11
IRQ #12
IRQ #13
IRQ #14
IRQ #15
Description
System timer
Keyboard
cascade
COM2
COM1
PCI device
PCI device
Possibility used by LPT1
RTC clock
PCI device
COM3
COM4
Mouse
Mathprocessor : 686
Fixed disk
Probably not available
It is then very easy to find out which IRQ resource is ready for additional peripherals.
If IRQ resource is not enough, please disable some devices listed above to release
further IRQ numbers.
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5-2
Troubleshooting
5.3
FAQ
Symptom: SBC keeps beeping, and no screen has shown.
Solution: In fact, each beep sound represents different definition of error message.
Please refer to table as following:
Beep sounds
One long beep with one
short beeps
One long beep constantly
One long beep with two
short beeps
Beep rapidly
Meaning
DRAM error
Action
Change DRAM or reinstall it
DRAM error
Monitor or Display
Card error
Power error warning
Change DRAM or reinstall it
Please check Monitor connector
whether it inserts properly
Please check Power mode setting
Information & Support
Question: Why cannot I install USB 2.0 driver?
Answer: If you are using Windows 2000, you need to update your Service-Pack
version to Service-Pack 4. If you are using Windows XP, you need to
update Service-Pack to Service Pack 1 at least.
Question: I forget my password of system BIOS, what am I supposed to do?
Answer: You can simply short 1-2 pins on JP9 to clean your password.
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
5-3
Appendix A
System Memory Address Map
Each On-board device in the system is assigned a set of memory addresses, which
also can be identical of the device. The following table lists the system memory
address used for your reference.
Memory Area
0000 – 003F
0040 – 004F
0050 – 006F
0070 – 0BE3
0BE4 – 0E1B
0E1C – 9E26
9E27 – 9FBF
9FC0 – 9FFF
A000-AFFF
B000 – B7FF
B800 - BFFF
C000 – CFFF
D000 – DFFF
E000 -FFFF
HMA
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
Size
Device Description
1K
Interrupt Area
0.3K
BIOS Data area
0.5K
System Data
45K
DOS
8.9K
Program Area
576K
Available
6.4K
Program Area
= Conventional memory ends at 640K =
1K
Extended Bios Area
64 K
VGA Graphics
32 K
Unused
32 K
VGA Text
64 K
Video ROM
64 K
Unused
128 K
System ROM
64 K
First 64K extended
Appendix B
Interrupt Request Lines (IRQ)
Peripheral devices can use interrupt request lines to notify CPU for the service
required. The following table shows the IRQ used by the devices on board.
IRQ#
IRQ 0
IRQ 1
IRQ 2
IRQ 3
IRQ 4
IRQ 5
IRQ 6
IRQ 7
IRQ 8
IRQ 9
IRQ 10
IRQ 11
IRQ 12
IRQ 13
IRQ 14
IRQ 15
Current Use
System ROM
System ROM
[Unassigned]
System ROM
System ROM
[Unassigned]
System ROM
[Unassigned]
System ROM
[Unassigned]
[Unassigned]
[Unassigned]
System ROM
System ROM
System ROM
[Unassigned]
WADE-8044 User’s Manual
Default Use
System timer
Keyboard
Cascade
COM2
COM1
PCI device
PCI device
Possibility used by LPT1
RTC clock
PCI device
COM3
COM4
Mouse
Mathprocessor:686
Fixed disk
Probably not available
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