MiniMax Mini

MiniMax Mini
PK481-3
PK481-3
MiniMax
MiniMax
User’s Manual
User’s Manual
www.chromalox.com
800-443-2640
www.chromalox.com
800-443-2640
© 2014 Chromalox, Inc.
© 2014 Chromalox, Inc.
P/N 0037-75433
P/N 0037-75433
Thank you for choosing the Chromalox® MiniMax™ - a complete power control solution with industry-best
price and performance.
For more than 80 years, customers have relied on Chromalox for the utmost in quality and innovative solutions for industrial heating applications. Chromalox manufactures the world’s largest and broadest line of
electric heat and control products.
The MiniMax Series SCR Controllers provide the best control for applications where consistent heater/process temperature is critical or where fine resolution of power is required.
Common MiniMax features include:
• 120 - 575 Vac @ 30 - 75 Amps
• Isolated Control Circuit
• Easy Customer Interface
• Remote Shutdown
• Compact Size and Construction
• dv/dt Transient Voltage Protection
• MOV Protection
Features for the MiniMax 1, 2, and 3 include:
• Zero Crossover Firing
• Isolated Control Circuit
On/Off Control Inputs:
120 thru 240 Vac
5 - 32 Vdc
Dry Contact Closure
Proportional (DOT Firing) Inputs:
4 - 20 mA, 0-5 Vdc, 1 - 5 Vdc, 0 - 10 Vdc
Remote Manual Adjust (Optional)
Remote Auto/Manual Switch (Optional)
• Electronically Protected with Temperature Warning and Shutdown System
• Single- or Three-Cycle Resolution (Jumper Selectable)
• Shorted SCR Detection (Optional)
Features for the MiniMax 1P include:
• Phase Angle Firing
• Isolated Control Circuit Inputs
0 - 5 mA, 0 - 20 mA
0 - 50 mA, 1 - 5 mA
4 - 20 mA, 10 - 50 mA
0 - 5 Vdc, 0 - 10 Vdc
• Optional Current Limit
• Soft Start
• Line Voltage Compensation
• Zero & Gain Adjustments
• Built-In Manual Adjustment
• Current Limit Adjustment (Optional)
If you have application questions, refer to the Engineering Resource section of our website at
www.chromalox.com to find the answer you’re looking for, or call one of our application engineers
at 1-888-996-9258 for personal assistance.
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Table of Contents
SectionTopic
Page
1................................................. Important Safeguards...................................................................................... 3
2................................................. Description...................................................................................................... 4
3................................................. Before You Install............................................................................................. 5
4................................................. Installation....................................................................................................... 6
4.1.................................. Mounting.......................................................................................................... 6
4.2.................................. Wiring............................................................................................................... 8
4.2.1.................. Power/Load Wiring.......................................................................................... 8
4.2.2.................. Instrument Power.......................................................................................... 11
4.2.3.................. Grounding ..................................................................................................... 11
4.2.4.................. Command Signal Wiring................................................................................ 11
4.2.5.................. Calibration..................................................................................................... 17
5................................................. Specifications................................................................................................ 18
6................................................. Maintenance.................................................................................................. 19
7................................................. Troubleshooting............................................................................................. 20
8................................................. Parts and Accessories................................................................................... 21
9................................................. Warranty and Return Information.................................................................. 22
10............................................... EC Declaration of Conformity........................................................................ 27
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
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1
Important Safeguards
Please read all instructions before installing and operating your MiniMax™.
To avoid electrical shock or injury, always remove power before servicing a circuit.
Personnel working with or near high voltages should be familiar with modern methods of resuscitation. Contact an area supervisor or safety personnel for more information.
Throughout the MiniMax User Manual, the safety alert and the international electric shock/electrocution
symbols will alert you to potential hazards. Safety precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk
of personal injury to persons from fire and electrical shock hazards. Safety Alert Symbol
International Shock/Electrocution Symbol
Each safety message is preceded by a safety alert symbol
ING, or CAUTION.
and one of three words: DANGER, WARN-
These mean:
DANGER
You WILL be killed or seriously hurt if you do not follow instructions.
WARNING
You CAN be killed or seriously hurt if you do not follow instructions.
CAUTION
You CAN be hurt if you do not follow instructions.
Damage Prevention Messages:
CAUTION
You will see other IMPORTANT messages that are proceeded by the word
that are intended to
help prevent damage to the MiniMax™ or other equipment. Note that Damage Prevention Messages are
NOT accompanied by the Safety Alert Symbol.
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2
Description
MiniMax 1, 2, and 3
The Chromalox MiniMax 1, 2, and 3 controllers are highly versatile SCR Power Paks with optional plug-in
proportional firing and shorted SCR detection boards. Firing modes include On/Off and DOT proportional
zero voltage switching. Chromalox exclusive DOT (Demand Oriented Transfer) firing technique switches the
fewest number of cycles to provide the most precise zero crossover control. At 50% output, the unit’s output
alternates between one cycle “On” and one cycle “Off.” At 51%, the output continues with one cycle “On,”
one cycle “Off,” and gradually integrates one extra “On” cycle for the additional 1%. This DOT fired technique also minimizes temperature overshoot, temperature fluctuations and helps extend the load’s element
life due to reduced thermal shock.
The power SCR assemblies consist of one, two, or three pairs of SCRs connected back to back (with an
optional semiconductor fuse), RC Snubber, and MOV protection. The firing circuit is based on a common
On/Off control board with plug and play Shorted SCR and DOT fired plug-in boards. Diagnostic indicators
are included. Plug-in terminal blocks for easy customer interface are also provided.
MiniMax 1P
The Chromalox MiniMax 1P utilizes Single Phase, Phase Angle firing to modulate power to an inductive or
resistive load. Phase Angle control has the advantage of proportioning every cycle thereby providing very
fine resolution of power. Fast responding loads in which the resistance changes as a function of temperature
require Phase Angle control. The MiniMax 1P offers a Soft Start feature that assures that the load power is
gradually increased from zero to the value set by the command signal in the event of a power interruption.
In addition, optional Current Limit is used to protect the load, SCR controller and the total system from large
surge currents that could occur at start-up.
†
This can be set to three cycles ‘On’ / three cycles ‘Off’ (see section on installation options).
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3
Before You Install
Immediately after receiving your MiniMax 1, 2, 3, or 1P Series Controller, visually inspect the shipment
packaging and record any damage on the shipping documents. Unpack the controller and carefully inspect
for obvious damage due to shipment. If any damage has occurred, YOU must file a claim with the carrier
company, since the carrier company will not accept a claim from the shipper (Chromalox).
Be sure to check the model number and verify that you have received the correct Model of controller.
If the controller is not installed and placed into operation immediately, it should be stored in a cool, dry environment. Temperature extremes and excessive moisture can damage the controller.
Before choosing a location in which to mount your MiniMax, please consider the following:
Temperature
When mounting the SCR unit in a control panel, attention should be paid to the enclosure temperature. The SCR is rated to perform at its nameplate current rating in temperatures up to 50˚C (122˚F).
Ensure that adequate ventilation is provided or some other method of maintaining the correct cabinet temperature is used.
Cleanliness
Careful attention must be paid in areas subjected to airborne particles. The efficiency of the heat
sinks relies on their conducting surfaces being maintained in a clean manner. (See the Maintenance
Section.)
Dampness
High humidity or hosing down a unit should be avoided.
Clearance
Choose a location that will provide adequate spacing around the unit when mounted. This will ensure proper air flow necessary to cool the device.
WARNING
Hazardous Voltage: Disconnect and lockout power before installing or servicing. Failure to comply could result in personal injury
or equipment damage.
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4
Installation
Please read all information in this section before beginning the installation of your MiniMax.
Installation of the MiniMax requires three steps:
1.Mounting
2. Power wiring
3. 120 or 230 Vac 50/60hz for instrument power. See 4.2.4, pg. 11.
4.1 - Step 1: Mounting
Before mounting your MiniMax, please read the section titled “Before You Install’ on page 5 for a description
of an ideal environment for the unit’s operation.
The space required for mounting the MiniMax Power Pak depends upon the model. The table below refers to
the figures on the following pages. These figures illustrate the dimensions and mounting holes for the various MiniMax Power Pak models. Please refer to these figures before mounting your unit.
Figure Drawing Number
FigureModel
1................MiniMax 1 – 30 & 50 Amp Mounting Base
1................MiniMax 1P – 30 & 50 Amp Mounting Base
2................MiniMax 1 – 75 Amp Mounting Base
2................MiniMax 1P – 75 Amp Mounting Base
3................MiniMax 2 – 30 & 50 Amp Mounting Base
4................MiniMax 2 – 75 Amp Mounting Base
5................MiniMax 3 – 30, 50 & 75 Amp Mounting Base
Model
IMPORTANT: Please note that the figures on the following pages are
not drawn to the same scale.
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4.00
(101.60MM)
MINIMAX1&1P30&50AMP
MOUNTINGBASE
3.25
(82.55MM)
MINIMAX1&1P-75AMP
MOUNTINGBASE
4.00
(101.60MM)
3.25
(82.55MM)
GND
GND
ø.28(ø7.14MM)
(4PLACES)
.75
(19.05MM)
.00
(0.00MM)
ø.28(ø7.14MM)
(4PLACES)
0.75
(19.05MM)
6.50(165.10MM)
0.00
(0.00MM)
8.50(215.90MM)
9.50(241.30MM)
7.50(190.50MM)
Figure 1
4.00
(101.60MM)
Figure 2
MINIMAX2–30&50AMP
MOUNTINGBASE
3.25
(82.55MM)
GND
ø.28(ø7.14MM)
(4PLACES)
0.75
(19.05MM)
0.00
(0.00MM)
8.5(215.90MM)
9.50(241.30MM)
Figure 3
5.00
(127.00MM)
MINIMAX2–75AMP
MOUNTINGBASE
3.25
(82.55MM)
0.75
(19.05MM)
0.00
(0.00MM)
GND
ø.28(ø7.14MM)
(4PLACES)
13.00(330.20MM)
14.00(355.60MM)
Figure 4
10.00
(254.00MM)
MINIMAX3–30,50&75AMP
MOUNTINGBASE
8.25
(209.55MM)
GND
ø.28(ø7.14MM)
(4PLACES)
5.75
(146.05MM)
3.25
(82.55MM)
0.75
(19.05MM)
0.00
(0.00MM)
13.00(330.20MM)
14.00(335.60MM)
Figure 5
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4.2 - Step 2: Wiring
Careful attention must be paid when attaching the wiring to the MiniMax to ensure proper and safe operation. This section contains detailed information on how to connect the power, resistive load, ground, and
command signal wiring.
WARNING
Hazardous Voltage: Only qualified personnel should perform
electrical wiring for the MiniMax Power Paks. LETHALLY HIGH
VOLTAGES are associated with this equipment and are dangerous if improperly installed.
IMPORTANT: Select installation wiring that is in accordance with the National
Electrical Code and any local standards that may be applicable.
4.2.1 - Power/Load Wiring
The following illustrations depict how to connect the MiniMax to a resistive or inductive load. Make sure you
refer to the correct illustration for the MiniMax series you have purchased.
Single Phase
Resistive
MINIMAX1
X1
L1
L2
L2 Connection is
NOT on MiniMax
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MiniMax 2
Three Wire
2 Leg Control
MINIMAX 2
L1
X1
L3
X3
L2
L2 Connection is
NOT on MiniMax
MiniMax 3
Four Wire
3 Leg Control
MINIMAX 3
L1
X1
L2
X2
L3
X3
N
N Connection is
NOT on MiniMax
CAUTION
IMPORTANT: The I2t fuses installed on the SCR are designed to protect the SCR
from faults on the load connection side. They are NOT intended to provide
wire protection.
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MiniMax 3
Three Wire
3 Leg Control
MINIMAX 3
L1
X1
L2
X2
L3
X3
MiniMax 1P
Single Phase
transformer
Coupled
MINIMAX 1P
X1
L1
L2
L2
L2 connection to
MiniMax is instrument
power only
CAUTION
IMPORTANT: The I2t fuses installed on the SCR are designed to protect the SCR
from faults on the load connection side. They are NOT intended to provide
wire protection.
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4.2.2 - Instrument Power
IMPORTANT
MiniMax requires 120 or 230 Vac 50/60Hz for instrument power. This voltage supplies power
for the control circuits, fans, high temperature warning indicator, and shorted SCR Indicators
(see Fig. 1 on page 15).
This supply is fused on the main circuit board.
4.2.3 - Grounding
Chasis is provided with a stud for ground connections.
WARNING
Hazardous Voltage: This Electrical Equipment must be installed by
a qualified person and effectively grounded in accordance to the
National Electric Code and local codes.
4.2.4 - Command Signal Wiring
Please refer to the figures on page 12 for illustrations of the 6-, 8-, and 10-pin input terminals.
MiniMax 1, 2, and 3
On/Off Control Signals
AC Input – The 120 thru 230 Vac signal lines are connected to terminal J1 - 7 & 8 (see Fig. 9 on
page 21). An input voltage of 120 to 230 Vac turns the power On. The turn OFF voltage is 0 Vac.
DC Input – The 5 - 32 Vdc signal lines are connected to terminal J3 - 1 & 4 (see Fig. 10 on page 21).
An input voltage of 5 to 32 Vdc turns the power On. The turn OFF voltage is 0 Vdc.
Contact Closure Input – The dry contact signal lines are connected to terminal J3 - 1 & 2 (see Fig.
11 on page 21). A closed contact turns the power On. The turn OFF voltage is an open contact.
Process Analog Control Signals
MiniMax 1, 2, and 3 have been factory calibrated. These units accept 0 - 5, 1 - 5, 0 - 10 Vdc, and 4 20 mA input signals that are connected to Terminal Block J2. The following signals are connected to:
0 - 5 Vdc: Terminal J2 - 9(+) & 7(-) (see Fig. 7 on page 21)
1 - 5 Vdc: Terminal J2 - 5(+) & 7(-) (see Fig. 5 on page 21)
0 - 10 Vdc: Terminal J2 - 10(+) & 7(-) (see Fig. 8 on page 21)
4 - 20 mA: Terminal J2 - 6(+) & 7(-) (see Fig. 6 on page 21)
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Auto/Manual Input
The MiniMax 1, 2, and 3 can
be wired to make it possible
to select an input from either a
temperature process controller
or a manual input potentiometer. A switch is used to select
between the input from a 1K
potentiometer and a linear
control input (see Fig. 4 on page
15). The unit is shipped with a
jumper from terminals 2 and 3
of terminal block J2 (see illustration 3). Remove jumper to install
auto/manual input.
CONTACT
NORMALLY CLOSED
(SWNC)
AUTO
HAND
NC
NO
CONTACT
NORMALLY OPEN
(SWNO)
SWITCH
ASSEMBLY
(SW)
PANEL TO BE
MOUNTED TO
LEGEND
PLATE
(LP)
WIRING
J2
SWITCH KNOB
(SW)
1K
POTENTIOMETER
1
AUTO
HAND
NC
NO
CW
4
Illustration 3
CAUTION
IMPORTANT: When enabling the Auto/Manual Input, the jumper from terminals 2
and 3 of terminal block J2 must be removed.
Demand Indicator
The LED demand indicator is located on the main PC board and is viewable through the cover. With
the On/Off control option, the indicator will display steady “on” and steady “off”. With the DOT Firing
option, the indicator will display the rapid firing sequence.
SCR Control Board
The Basic control board provides the following functions:
The low voltage dc to operate the circuitry:
A switching regulator circuit converts the instrument power voltage to +12Vdc.
The power distribution for the cooling fans:
The incoming instrument power is fused and then routed to the fan power terminals.
The signal condition for the on/off input and analog inputs:
The 120 to 240 on/off input is isolated by an opto-coupler. The dc and contact closure inputs
are buffered by the circuitry. Amplifiers convert the analog inputs and the potentiometer input to a signal level compatible with the optional proportional firing board. The plug-in receptacle for the optional proportional board allows for an easy upgrade to proportional control.
The drive signal to the SCR trigger boards:
The temperature alarm:
The heat sink temperature is derived from a solid state sensor mounted on the
heat sink. This is then compared to two set points. The first alarm is a warning and
activates the externally connected device. This allows time to correct the problem before the second alarm inhibits the firing circuit.
The Shorted SCR Alarm:
The plug-in receptacle for the shorted SCR board is located on this board. Signals
from the SCR are routed to the option board. When a short is detected the externally
connected device output is activated.
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}
(SEE MODEL NUMBER)
(SEE MODEL NUMBER)
(SEE MODEL NUMBER)
2AMP(2AG)
CHROMALOXP/N0024-01097
LITTLEFUSEP/N225002
Proportional DOT Firing Board
Chromalox’s exclusive DOT (Demand Oriented Transfer) firing technique switches the fewest number
of cycles to provide the most precise zero crossover control. At 50%
output, the unit’s output alternates
between one cycle “On” and one
cycle “Off.” At 51%, the output
continues with one cycle “On,” one
cycle “Off,” and gradually integrates one extra “On” cycle for the
additional 1%.
SHORTJ3-1&2FOR
1CYCLEFIRING
SHORTJ3-2&3FOR
3CYCLEFIRING
Unit shipped for 3 cycle operation
Remote Shutdown
When it is necessary to disable the output, connect a dry contact between J3 - 3 & 4 (see Fig. 12 on
page 15). When it is closed, the power control will shut OFF.
CAUTION
IMPORTANT: This shutdown overrides the control input only. It will NOT protect
against faulted or damaged SCRs.
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Shorted SCR Detection (optional)
This option provides a means of alerting an operator to a problem with the system. An external
indicating lamp or relay can be connected to J1 - 5 & 6 (see Fig. 2 on page 15). This indicator must
be rated for the instrument power applied to J1 - 1 & 2. Three diagnostic LEDs show which SCR pair
is faulted. These lights are synchronized with the demand indicator and can only indicate while the
demand is active. Shorting J3 - 5 & 6 can disable the output at J1 - 5 & 6. The alarm can be selected
as latching or non-latching.
A latching alarm means that if the alarm activates and the system subsequently returns to normal,
the alarm will remain latched until a reset button (external switch – customer provided) is pressed. A
non-latching alarm resets automatically.
DEMAND
SHORTEDSCRDETECTION
1
2
3
Shorted SCR Detection (optional), cont’d.
The latching and non-latching option is jumper selectable; the jumper is located on the plug-in
shorted SCR detection board. Latching and non-latching operation by the output at J1 - 5 & 6 is
controlled by J3 on the shorted SCR detection board 0135-28096. When this jumper is installed,
latching operation is achieved. The drawing below shows the Shorted SCR Detection board.
UNIT SHIPPED IN NON-LATCHING MODE.
Heat Sink Over-Temperature
An external lamp or relay may be connected to J1 - 3 & 4 (see Fig. 2 on page 15) (this must be rated
for the instrument power applied to J1 - 1 & 2). This will provide an indication to the operator that
the heat sink is approaching an unsafe temperature level. The unit will enter a shutdown mode if the
temperature continues to rise.
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Input Terminals (MiniMax 1, 2, and 3):
FIG3.
FIG2.
FIG1.
J1
J1
J3
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
6
5
4
3
2
1
120~230INSTRUMENTPOWER
HITEMPINDICATOR.
TheseareACvoltageoutputsat100mAmax.,
not contact closures. See model number
for voltage rating.
SHORTED SCR AND
HI TEMP INDICATORS.
120~230 INSTRUMENT POWER
REQUIRED ON ALL CONFIGURATIONS
FIG5.
FIG4.
J2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
SHORTEDSCRINDICATOR.
COMMON
AUTO
MANUAL
POTREFVOLTAGE
1K
MANUAL CONTROL INPUT SIG
J2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1-5 VDC PROPORTIONAL INPUT SIG
FIG8.
J2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
J2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
COMMON
0TO+5VDCPROPORTIONALINPUT
0 TO +5 VDC PROPORTIONAL INPUT SIG
FIG10.
J3
6
5
4
3
2
1
1-5VDCPROPORTIONALINPUT
COMMON
FIG7.
JUMPER
FIG6.
JUMPER
+
+
-
EXTERNAL +5~32 VDC ON/OFF
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J2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
JUMPER
4-20mAPROPORTIONALINPUT
COMMON
4-20mA PROPORTIONAL INPUT SIG
FIG9.
J1
JUMPER
COMMON
8 L1
7 L2
6
5
4
3
2
1
EXTERNAL120~230
ON/OFFCONTROL
0+10VDCPROPORTIONALINPUT
0 +10 VDC PROPORTIONAL INPUT SIG
FIG11.
COMMON
SHORTED SCR INDICATOR RESET.
J3
6
5
4
3
2
1
+
DRY CONTACT ON/OFF
© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
120~240 ON/OFF CONTROL
FIG12.
J3
6
5
4
3
2
1
COMMON
REMOTE SHUTDOWN
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MiniMax 1P
The Chromalox MiniMax 1P is a solid-state proportional power controller that utilizes a Phase Angle firing
technique to modulate power to an inductive or resistive load. Separate adjustable Zero, Gain, Manual Bias,
and Current Limit potentiometers are provided along with screw type plug-in connectors for input signals,
Emergency Shutdown, and optional Remote Manual Bias with 0 - 100% dial. All units have thermostat protection with N.C. contacts.
Start-up
The MiniMax 1P has been factory calibrated for 4 - 20 mA input. Be sure the operating voltage and
signal input are correctly applied. Also, make sure the Emergency Shutdown, if used, has N.O.
contacts and jumper pins 4 & 5 on the 10-pin connector if remote manual bias are not used. Please
read the information on calibration at the end of this section for current limit settings for loads with
extreme hot to cold ratios or those that are overrated. Other ranges may be field calibrated by use of
zero and gain potentiometers.
CAUTION
IMPORTANT: With the Current Limit option, the current transformer must be terminated properly to prevent it from being damaged.
CON1P
TB1
0-5mA, 1-5mA
(0-10Vdc, 0-5Vdc)
4-20mA
0-20mA
CT
JB1
JUMPER JB1 FOR 0-5mA
OPEN JB1 FOR 0-10V
10-50mA, 0-50mA
L1
FUSE
COM
SCR
CLOSE FOR
REMOTE
SHUTDOWN
X1
L
O
A
D
N/C
N/C
INSTRUMENT
WIRE
L2
JUMPER 4 TO 5
WHEN NOT USING
REMOTE POT
UNIT SHIPPED WITH JUMPER INSTALLED
Customer Connection
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4.2.5 - Calibration (MiniMax 1P):
Many high-temperature heating elements exhibit extreme hot to cold resistance ratios. Heating elements composed of Platinum,
Molybdenum, Tungsten, and Tantalum, to name a few, draw excessive current on start-up. Depending on the mass of the elements,
these “high starting currents” may exist for extended periods of time. Generally, once the elements have achieved their normal operating temperatures, the current drawn through the MiniMax Power Pak will fall within the rating of the unit. For these types of loads, we
recommend adjusting the I LIM (Current Limit) to 50% or less. This will decrease voltage as well as current.
1. Set Current Limit (I LIM) pot to 0% for full current output (CCW).
Current Limit is for limiting current for loads that have
extreme hot to cold resistance ratios or are overrated. We
recommend for these types of loads to adjust I LIM (Current Limit) to 50% or less. This will also decrease voltage
as well as current. 0% Current Limit gives 100% current
output (CCW). 100% Current Limit gives 10% current
output (CW).
7. With power off, connect line voltage and load as shown.
8. Connect meter to input and output.
WARNING: Set meter to correct scale to read proper input or output.
9. Apply power to unit.
10. Adjust input signal to low end of scale.
2. Set Manual (MAN) pot to zero so unit will not be biased above input (CCW).
Manual control adjustment provides a means of setting
the output level of the MiniMax Power Pak in the absence of controlling instrumentation. The manual control
signal value “adds” to the controlling instrument to set
minimum output. The desired output power level may be
set by adjusting the manual control. This value of output
will then be present even in the absence of a control
signal.
3. Set Remote Manual pot to zero output so unit will not be biased above input (CCW). (Jumper pins 4 & 5 if not used.)
Remote Manual control adjustment provides a means
of setting the output level of the MiniMax Power Pak in
the absence of controlling instrumentation. The Remote
Manual control is also effective when a control signal
is connected. The Remote Manual control signal value
“adds” to the controlling instrument to set minimum
output. The desired output power level may be set by
adjusting the Remote Manual control. This value of output will then be present even in the absence of a control
signal. Connect Remote Manual pot wire to Pin 4 (CCW),
Pin 5 (W), and Pin 6 (CW) of plug-in connector.
4. Check for open contact for Emergency Shutdown.
Emergency Shutdown inhibits all SCR trigger pulses
regardless of the level of the input signal or manual
potentiometer. For Emergency Shutdown, close contact
Pin 7 to Pin 8 of plug-in connector. Leave contacts open
for operation.
5. Check for polarity of input signal.
6. Adjust input signal to low end of scale.
Zero Adjust control sets the power output starting point
or reference. Thus, it effectively cancels positive inputs
to the MiniMax Power Pak.
EXAMPLE: 0 - 5 mA input à set to 0 mA input
4 - 20 mA input à set to 4 mA input
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11. Using the Zero pot, adjust the output voltage just to zero volts.
12. Adjust input signal to top end of scale.
Gain Adjust Control sets the maximum power output for
maximum input signal.
EXAMPLE: 0 - 5 mA input: set to 5 mA input
4 - 20 mA input: set to 20 mA input
13. Using the Gain pot, adjust output voltage just to maximum volts.
14. Repeat steps 11, 12, 13, and 14 until no adjustment is necessary of Zero and Gain pots for proper output voltage
indication. Voltage output should increase proportionally to the signal input applied.
15. Adjust input signal to low end of scale (zero voltage output).
16. With Manual pot at zero for zero voltage output, adjust (CW)
to 100% for full voltage output. Voltage output should increase proportionally. Return to CCW position and output will decrease to zero output.
17. With Remote Manual at zero for zero voltage output, adjust (CW) to 100% for full voltage output. Voltage output should increase proportionally. Return to CCW position and output will decrease to zero output.
18. With Manual pot (CW) at 100% and I LIM (Current Limit) at
0%, adjust I LIM towards 100% noting that voltage output
decreases with the adjustment of the Current Limit pot. Adjust
Current Limit pot for your application, if needed.
19. Turn POWER OFF and remove meters. TEST COMPLETE.
© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
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5
Specifications
MiniMax 1, 2, and 3
Control Inputs
Accepts all of the following as standards:
Resolution (proportional) Better than 0.1%
Line Voltage ....................120 - 575 Vac, 60 Hz
CE 400 Vac, 50 Hz
On/Off Control
Signal Input
120 thru 230 Vac ± 10%
5-32 Vdc
Contact Closures
Load Current Rating .......30, 50, 75
Ambient Temperature .....0 - 50°C (32 - 122°F)
Proportional Control
Signal Input Input Impedance
4 - 20 mA.................. 250 Ohms
1 - 5 Vdc................... 10k Ohms or greater
0 - 5 Vdc................... 10k Ohms or greater
0 - 10 Vdc................. 10k Ohms or greater
Optional Remote Manual Adjust
Auto/Manual Switch
SCR Capability
Dielectric ..................Withstand capability
Surge Rating 1500V RMS min.
Typically fifteen (15) times
nominal RMS rating for
8.3 milliseconds
Isolation ......................SCRs isolation 2500V
Input-output isolation 1500V
Heat Sink .........................Ground potential up to
650 Amps
Instrument Power ....... 120 or 230 Vac
50/60 Hz
Output Voltage ............ 0 - 99% RMS line voltage
(Eo=Vsupply - 1.5V SCR
forward drop)
High Temperature ...........Voltage Output
Indicator Output
100 mA @ Instrument Power
Shorted SCR ...................Voltage Output
Indicator Output
100 mA @ Instrument Power
MiniMax 1P
Control Inputs
Accepts all of the following as standards:
Ambient Temperature......0 - 50°C (32 - 122°F)
SCR Capability.................Withstand capability
1500V RMS min.
Typically fifteen (15) times
nominal RMS rating for
8.3 milliseconds
Phase Angle Control
Signal Input Input Impedance
1 - 5, 0 - 5 mA.......... 1K Ohms
4 - 20, 0 - 20 mA...... 250 Ohms
10 - 50, 0 - 50 mA.... 100 Ohms
Surge Rating....................Typically fifteen (15) times
nominal RMS rating for
8.3 milliseconds
Optional Remote Manual Adjust
Fan Power.................... 120 or 230 VAC
50/60 Hz
Isolation............................SCRs isolation 2500V
Input-output isolation 1500V
Output Voltage............. 0 - 99% RMS line voltage
Resolution (proportional) Better than 0.1%
Heat Sink..........................Ground potential up to
650 Amps
Line Voltage................. 120, 208, 240, 277, 380, ...................................... 480 and 575 Vac
± 10% 50/60 Hz
Thermostat.......................4 Amps @ 120V resistive
2 Amps @ 240V resistive
N.C. Contact Standard
Load Current Rating.... 30, 50, 75
Current Limit....................10 - 100% of rated
output current
Soft Start..........................25% demand per second
typical reset speed
8.3 milliseconds
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
1-888-996-9258
6
Maintenance
WARNING
Hazardous Voltage: Disconnect all power before performing any
maintenance or examining the power module. Exposed terminals
may carry LETHALLY HIGH VOLTAGES when power is applied.
Connections – Loose connections in the power wiring will generate hot spots. These will cause degradation
of electronic equipment. Periodic inspections should be made to ensure that connections are secure and
that there are no signs of excessive heating such as discoloration, and so on.
Corrosion – If the power module is installed in an environment with high humidity or dampness, electrical
connections may suffer corrosion. Periodically check the power module for corrosion.
Damage – Periodically check for rodent damage to wiring and other components.
Filters – Many high-powered control enclosures rely on blowers or fans to maintain a safe operating temperature. The filters used with these devices should be changed on a periodic basis to insure adequate enclosure cooling is maintained.
Dust – Periodically check for dust or other particulate buildup on heatsinks and bus bars.
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
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7
Troubleshooting
The following guidelines cover most of the common problems that could occur with the MiniMax. They are
not intended to be, nor can they be, absolutes to cover every possible failure.
Problem
No Power or unbalanced power to the load.
If Demand Light is “Off”
1. Check incoming line power.
2. Check the instrument power.
3. Check the fuse on the main board.
4. Verify the input signal.
5. Check that remote shutdown J3 - 3 to 4 is open.
6. Check that the J2 - 2 to 3 is Jumpered.
7. Verify that heat sink is not in over temperature mode by removing temperature sensor plugs from J10, J11, and J12.
If Demand Light is “On”
1. Check the connections to SCR trigger board.
2. Check the power fuses (I2t).
3. Look for damage on the trigger board.
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
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8
Parts and Accessories
Instrument Power Fuse
Chromalox Part Number
0024-01097
I2T Fuses for 500 Vac Applications
0024-03015 0024-03085
0024-03072
I2T Fuses for 575 Vac Applications
0024-03033
0024-03137
0024-47561
Description
Littlefuse # 225 002 2 AG 2AMP
40 Amp I2t Fuse
70 Amp I2t Fuse
100 Amp I2t Fuse
40 Amp I2t Fuse
70 Amp I2t Fuse
100 Amp I2t Fuse
SCR Replacement (120 - 480 Vac)
Be sure to replace thermstrate interface material and torque as follows:
MFG Part # SCR Part # Thermstrate Part # Torque inch/lb
to Heat Sink SKKT42
0002 - 42508 0029 - 00700
44 inch/lb (5 Nm)
SKKT92
0002 - 47560 0029 - 00700
44 inch/lb (5 Nm)
Torque inch/lb
to Terminals
26 inch/lb (3Nm)
26 inch/lb (3Nm)
SCR Replacement (575 Vac)
Be sure to replace thermstrate interface material and torque as follows:
MFG Part # SCR Part # Thermstrate Part # Torque inch/lb
to Heat Sink SKKT42/14E 0002 - 42519 0029 - 00700
44 inch/lb (5 Nm)
SKKT92/14E 0002 - 47561 0029 - 00700
44 inch/lb (5 Nm)
Torque inch/lb
to Terminals
26 inch/lb (3Nm)
26 inch/lb (3Nm)
MiniMax 1, 2, and 3
Accessories:
Part Number
0135 - 28096
0135 - 28095
0135 - 28093
0135 - 28094
0135 - 20117
Description
Plug-In Shorted SCR Detection Board
Plug-In Proportional DOT-Fired Control Board
SCR Trigger Board
On/Off Main Firing Board
Potentiometer & Remote/Manual Switch
For CE Application, the Following Filters are Required:
0005 - 60055
Line Filter Single Phase 230 Vac
0005 - 60057
Line Filter 120 - 230 Vac 3 Amps
0005 - 60056
Line Filter Three Phase 440 Vac
MiniMax 1P
Accessories:
Part Number
0135 - 28002
0135 - 28006
0135 - 28037
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Description
Firing Circuit 120, 240 Vac
Firing Circuit 208, 277, 480 Vac
Firing Circuit 380 Vac
© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
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9
Warranty and Return Information
Warranty Notice
The Warranty below complies with the federal law applicable to products manufactured after December 31,
1976. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from state
to state.
Chromalox Warranty
Chromalox Instruments and Controls are warranted against defects in workmanship and materials. No other
express warranty, written or oral, applies with the exception of a written statement from an officer of Chromalox®, Inc.
Warranty Period
This warranty extends for three years from date of shipment from the factory or authorized distributor.
Limitations
Products must be installed and maintained in accordance with Chromalox instructions. Users are responsible for the suitability of the products to their application. There is no warranty against damage resulting from
corrosion, misapplication, improper specification or other operating conditions beyond our control. Claims
against the carrier company for damage in transit must be filed by the buyer.
Returns
Items returned to Chromalox Instruments and Controls must be accompanied by a Return Authorization
Number. This number may be obtained from Chromalox Instruments and Controls’ Customer Service Department at the phone number listed below.
The Return Authorization Number must appear on the exterior of the shipping carton and on the shipping
documents.
Defective items will be repaired or replaced at our option and at no charge.
Return the defective part or product, freight prepaid, to the following address:
Chromalox Instruments and Controls
1347 Heil Quaker Blvd.
LaVergne, TN 37086-3536
Phone: (615) 793-3900
Fax: (615) 793-3563
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
1-888-996-9258
MiniMax 1 Ordering Information
Model
SCR Power Pack
Mmax 1
Single Phase SCR Power Controller Complete with Lugs and I2T Fusing1, 2
Code
1
2
3
4
Control Configuration
On/Off Standard (Accepts: 120Vac, 240Vac, 5-32Vdc, Dry Contact Closure)
On/Off Standard with Shorted SCR Detection
Proportional Control, DOT Firing (Accepts: 4-20mA, 1-5Vdc, 0-5Vdc, 0-10Vdc)
Proportional Control, DOT Firing with Shorted SCR Detection
Code
01
02
03
Current at 50˚C (104˚F) Ambient
30 Amp
50 Amp
75 Amp
Code Line Voltage
1
2
120 - 480Vac
575Vac
Code Instrument Power
1
120 to 240Vac 50/60Hz
Code Remote Manual Adjust/Auto Manual Switch3
0
1
None
Pot with 0 - 100% dial and local/Remote Switch,
Single Turn 1K ohm Potentiometer
(Requires Proportional Board)
0
Typical Model Number
Mmax I -
3
01 1
1
1) SCR Fusing is for semiconductor protection only, not wire protection.
2) Supplied loose for customer mounting. 575V Fusing only
3) Supplied loose for customer mounting
Note:
Storage Temperature 14ºF to 158ºF (-10ºC to 70ºC).
CE application requires filters.
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Chromalox Part Numbers
0005-60055 — Line filter, single phase, 230VAC
0005-60057 — Line filter, 120-230VAC
CE application requires filter.
© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
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MiniMax 1P Ordering Information
Model
1P Power Pack
Mmax 1P
Single Phase SCR Power Controller Complete with Lugs and I2T Fusing1, 2
Code
1
2
Control Configuration
Phase Angle Control (Accepts: 1 - 5/0 - 5mA, 4 - 20/0 - 20mA, 10 - 50/0 -50mA)
Phase Angle Control with Current Limit
Code
01
02
03
Current at 50˚C (104˚F) Ambient
30 Amp
50 Amp
75 Amp
CodeVoltage
1
2
3
4
5
6
120 Vac
208 Vac
240 Vac
277 Vac
480 Vac
575 Vac
Code
0
1
Mmax 1P -
2
01 1
1
Remote Manual Adjust/Auto Manual Switch3
None
Pot with 0-100% dial and local/Remote Switch, Single Turn
1K ohm Potentiometer
(Requires Proportional Board)
Typical Model Number
1) SCR fusing is for semiconductor protection only, not wire protection.
2) Supplied loose for customer mounting. 575V fusing only
3) Supplied loose for customer mounting.
Note:
Storage temperature 14ºF to 158ºF (-10ºC to 70ºC).
SCR units calibrated for 4-20mA input.
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
1-888-996-9258
MiniMax 2 Ordering Information
Model
SCR Power Pack
Mmax2
3 Phase SCR Power Controller complete with Lugs and I2T Fusing1, 2
Code Control Configuration
1
On/Off Standard (Accepts: 120 Vac, 240 Vac, 5-32 Vac, Dry Contact Closure)
2
On/Off Standard with Shorted SCR Detection
3
Proportional Control, DOT Firing (Accepts: 4-20mA, 1-5Vdc, 0-5Vdc, 0-10Vdc)
4
Proportional Control DOT with Shorted SCR Detection
Code
Current at 50˚C (104˚F) Ambient
01 30 Amp
02 50 Amp
03 75 Amp
Code Line Voltage
1
120 - 480 Vac
2
575 Vac
Code Instrument Power
1
120 to 240Vac 50/60Hz
Code
0
1
Mmax2 -
3
01
1
1
0
Remote Manual Adjust/Auto Manual Switch3
None
Pot with 0-100% dial and local/Remote Swich,
Single Turn 1K ohm Potentiometer
(Requires Proportional Board)
Typical Model Number
1) SCR fusing is for semiconductor protection only, not wire protection.
2) Supplied loose for customer mounting. 575V fusing only
3) Supplied loose for customer mounting.
Note:
Storage Temperature 14ºF to 158ºF (-10ºC to 70ºC).
CE Application requires filters.
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
Chromalox Part Numbers
0005-60056 — Line filter, three phase, 440VAC
0005-60057 — Line filter, 120-230VAC
CE application requires filter.
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MiniMax 3 Ordering Information
Model
SCR Power Pack
Mmax3
3 Phase Six SCR Power Controller Complete with Lugs and I2T Fusing
Code
1
2
3
4
Control Configuration
On/Off Standard (Accepts: 120 Vac, 240 Vac, 5-32Vdc, Dry Contact Closure) On/Off Standard with Shorted SCR Detection
Proportional Control, DOT Firing (Accepts: 4-20mA, 1-5Vdc, 0-5‑Vdc, 0-10Vdc)
Proportional Control, DOT Firing with Shorted SCR Detection
Code
Current at 50˚C (104˚F) Ambient
01
30 Amp
02
50 Amp
03
75 Amp
Code Line Voltage
1 120 - 480 Vac
2 575 Vac
Code Instrument Power
1 120 to 240 Vac 50/60Hz
Code Remote Manual Adjust/Auto Manual Switch
0
1
Mmax3-
3
01
1
1
0
None
Pot with 0-100% dial and local/Remote Switch,
Single Turn 1K ohm Potentiometer
s(Requires Proportional Board)
Typical Model Number
1) SCR fusing is for semiconductor protection only, not wire protection. Chromalox Part Numbers
0005-60056 — Line filter, three phase, 440VAC
2) Supplied loose for customer mounting. 575V fusing only
0005-60057 — Line filter, 120-230VAC
3) Supplied loose for customer mounting.
CE application requires filter.
Note:
Storage Temperature 14ºF to 158ºF (-10ºC to 70ºC).
CE Application requires filters.
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
1-888-996-9258
EC Declaration of Conformity
We,
Chromalox Precision Heat and Control
1347 Heil Quaker Boulevard
LaVergne, Tennessee 37086-3536
Phone: +1 (615) 793-7561
Fax:
+1 (615) 213-8091
declare under sole responsibility that the following described product in our delivered version complies with the
appropriate basic safety and health requirements of the EC Low Voltage Directive (2006/95/EC) and EC
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) based on its design and type, as brought into circulation
by us. In case of alteration of the machine, not agreed upon by us, this declaration will lose its validity.
Description of the Electrical Equipment: MiniMax SCR controllers
Model Number: MiniMax Series; MiniMax 1, 2, 3
Applicable Harmonized Standards:
Specification:
Low Voltage Directive
EN60947-4-3:2000
Low-voltage switch gear and
control gear
EMC Directive
1. Radiated Disturbance Emissions – 30 to 1000
MHz Electric Field
EN 61000-6-4:2001 / EN 55011:2007
Part 4-3: Contactors and
motor-starters
AC semiconductor controllers
and
contactors for non-motor loads
2. Conducted Disturbance Emissions – Voltage
Utilization
Category:
AC-51 Non-inductive or slightly
inductive loads, resistive
furnaces
4. Radiated Disturbance Immunity
Pollution
Degree 2
Normally only non-conductive
pollution occurs. Occasionally,
a temporary conductivity
caused by condensation may
be expected.
Voltage Rating:
EN 61000-6-4:2001 / EN 55011:2007
3. Conducted Disturbance Immunity
EN 61000-6-2:2005 / EN 61000-4-6:1996
EN 61000-6-2:2005 / EN 61000-4-3:1995
5. Electrical Fast Transients/Bursts Immunity
EN 61000-6-2:2005 / EN 61000-4-2:1995
6. Voltage Dips and Interrupts Immunity
EN 61000-6-2:2005 / EN 61000-4-11:1994
7. Electrostatic Discharge Immunity
EN 61000-6-2:2005 / EN 61000-4-2:1995
400 Vac 50 Hz Line
230 Vac 50 Hz Instrument max
75 watts
8. Voltage Fluctuations/Flicker
Impulse Rating:
2.5 KV for 5 seconds
9. Harmonic Current Emissions
Overload
Current Profile:
140% for 1 second
Fuses:
500 Volt, 200KA RMS
symmetrical interrupting rating,
2
I t fusing provided with all CE
units.
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EN 61000-3-3 / A2:2005
EN 61000-3-2:2006
© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
- 27 -
Filters Required:
Instrument power filter:
Chromalox P/N 0005-60057
Line Filter, single phase:
Chromalox P/N 0005-60055
Line Filter, three phase:
Chromalox P/N 0005-60056
10. Surge Immunity
EN 61000-6-2:2005 / EN 61000-4-5:1995
The Technical documentation required by Annex IV (3) of the Low Voltage Directive is maintained by (Name) of
(company and location in the European Union)
Year in which CE Marking was affixed: 2002
November 18, 2008
Authorized Signature/Date:
Jim Birnie
Title of Signatory:
Date
Engineering Manager
Chromalox, International
Unit 1.22, Lombard House
2 Purley Way
Croydon CRO 3JP
Surrey
U.K.
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© 2014 Chromalox®, Inc.
1-888-996-9258
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