VFD Series - Minarik Drives

VFD Series - Minarik Drives
V F D S eries
USER MANUAL
V FD 02- 115AC
V FD 02- 230AC
V FD 02- D 230AC
V FD 04- 115AC
V FD 04- 230AC
V FD 04- D 230AC
www.minarikdrives.com
Dear Valued Consumer:
Congratulations on your purchase of the VFD Series drive.
This User Manual was created for you to get the most out of
your new device and assist with the initial setup. Please visit
www.minarikdrives.com to learn more about our other drives.
Thank you for choosing Minarik Drives!
© 2014 Minarik Drives. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without written permission
from Minarik Drives. The information and technical data in this document are subject to change
without notice. Minarik Drives makes no warranty of any kind with respect to this material,
including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of its merchantability and fitness for a given
purpose. Minarik Drives assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document
and makes no commitment to update or to keep current the information in this document.
VFD Series
Safety First!
SAFETY WARNINGS

!
WARNING!
Text in gray boxes denote important safety tips or warnings.
Please read these instructions carefully before performing any of
the procedures contained in this manual.
• DO NOT INSTALL, REMOVE, OR REWIRE THIS EQUIPMENT WITH
POWER APPLIED. Have a qualified electrical technician install, adjust
and service this equipment. Follow the National Electrical Code
and all other applicable electrical and safety codes, including the
provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), when
installing equipment.
• Reduce the chance of an electrical fire, shock, or explosion by using
proper grounding techniques, over-current protection, thermal
protection, and enclosure. Follow sound maintenance procedures.

!
WARNING!
It is possible for a drive to run at full speed as a result of a
component failure. Minarik Drives strongly recommends the
installation of a master switch in the main power input to stop
the drive in an emergency.
Circuit potentials are at 115 VAC or 230 VAC above earth ground.
Avoid direct contact with the printed circuit board or with circuit
elements to prevent the risk of serious injury or fatality. Use a
non-metallic screwdriver for adjusting the calibration trim pots.
Use approved personal protective equipment and insulated tools
if working on this drive with power applied.
i
VFD Series
Table of Contents
Section 1. Variable Frequency Drives.................................... 1
Section 2. Specifications...................................................... 2
Section 3. Dimensions.. ........................................................ 4
Section 4. Installation. . ........................................................ 8
Mounting...................................................................................... 8
Speed Adjust Potentiometer. . ................................................. 9
Wiring..........................................................................................10
Shielding Guidelines.............................................................11
Line Fusing...........................................................................12
Connections.................................................................................13
Power Input (VFDxx-115AC or VFDxx-230AC)..........................13
Power Input (VFDxx-D230AC).. ...............................................14
Motor Connections (Single Phase Operation).........................16
Motor Connections (Three Phase Operation) . . ........................16
Speed Adjust Potentiometer. . ................................................18
Enable Switch.......................................................................18
Direction Switch...................................................................18
Analog Input Signal...............................................................19
Section 4. Operation. . ........................................................ 20
Before Applying Power..................................................................20
Select Switches.............................................................................21
Input Voltage Select (J501). . ..................................................21
Startup.........................................................................................22
Starting and Stopping Methods.....................................................23
Line Starting and Stopping....................................................23
Decelerating to Zero Speed...................................................24
Coast to Zero Speed (Enable). . ...............................................24
Section 5. Calibration........................................................ 25
Maximum Speed (MAX).................................................................26
ii
VFD Series
Torque (TQ LIMIT).........................................................................27
Boost (BOOST)..............................................................................28
Acceleration (ACCEL). . ...................................................................29
Deceleration (DECEL)....................................................................29
Section 6.Application Notes................................................ 30
Multiple Fixed Speeds...................................................................30
Adjustable Speeds Using Potentiometers In Series . . ........................31
Independent Adjustable Speeds.. ...................................................32
Independent Adjustable Speeds with a Direction Switch.................33
RUN/JOG Switch - Enable Connection............................................34
RUN/JOG Switch - Potentiometer Connection. . ...............................35
Leader-Follower Application..........................................................36
Single Speed Potentiometer Control Of Multiple Drives..................37
Quick Reversing............................................................................38
Section 7. Diagnostic LEDs.. ................................................ 39
Section 8. Troubleshooting. . ............................................... 41
Before Troubleshooting.................................................................41
Section 9. Accessories & Replacement Parts........................ 44
Section 10. Optional C510 Capacitor Kit ............................. 45
Notes................................................................................ 47
Unconditional Warranty.. .................................................... 48
iii
VFD Series
List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
iv
Recommended Line Fuse Sizes...........................................12
Carrier Frequency and Capacitor Values.............................45
VFD Series
List of Figures
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
VFD02-115AC and VFD02-230AC Dimensions....................... 4
VFD02-D230AC Dimensions................................................ 5
VFD04-115AC and VFD04-230AC Dimensions....................... 6
VFD04-D230AC Dimensions................................................ 7
Speed Adjust Potentiometer............................................... 9
VFDxx-115AC and VFDxx-230AC AC Line Connections..........13
VFDxx-D230AC 115 VAC Line Connections.. .........................15
VFDxx-D230AC 230 VAC Line Connections.. .........................15
Single Phase Motor Connections. . ......................................17
Single Phase Motor Connections - Reversing......................17
Three Phase Motor Connections........................................17
Potentiometer and Switch Connections..............................18
Analog Input Signal Connections. . ......................................19
J501 Settings....................................................................21
Run/Decelerate to Minimum Speed Switch. . .......................24
Multiple Fixed Speeds.......................................................30
Adjustable Speeds Using Potentiometers in Series..............31
Independent Adjustable Speeds. . .......................................32
Independent Adjustable Speeds with a Direction Switch.....33
RUN/JOG Switch - Enable Connection . . ...............................34
RUN/JOG Switch - Potentiometer Connection.....................35
Leader-Follower Application..............................................36
Single Speed Potentiometer Control of Multiple Drives. . .....37
Quick Reversing Circuit Wiring...........................................38
Diagnostic LED Locations...................................................40
Carrier Frequency Capacitor Location.. ...............................46
v
VFD Series
Section 1. Variable Frequency Drives
The VFD Series drives are solid-state, variable frequency AC motor
controls. They utilize a 115 or 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz, single phase input to
operate any 115 or 208/230-volt, three-phase AC-induction or singlephase permanent split capacitor motor and can be user calibrated for 0
through 120 Hz output.
Many 3-phase inverter manufacturers claim that they can run single
phase motors effectively. This is normally accomplished by wiring only
2 phases; however, this method may cause instabilities due to the lack
of feedback from one of the motor connections. Furthermore, motor
torque will be considerably reduced because the phases are 120O apart.
Althought the VFD uses this method of connection, its fundamental
design enables it to operate efficiently under these conditions.
Although VFD inverters can operate over their full speed range, most
motors will operate with constant torque over a 10:1 speed range
(6 - 60 Hz), and constant horsepower above 60 Hz. Inverter-duty rated
motors may operate satisfactorily over a 20:1 speed range. Some
motors can be satisfactorily operated at speeds as low as 50 RPMs
(50:1 speed range). Below 50 RPMs, some motors may show signs of
“stepping” or “cogging” and may run warmer.
In addition to standard 3-phase induction motors, the following motor
types may be used with a VFD:
- Permanent Split Capacitor (PSC)
- Shaded Pole
- AC Synchronous
1
VFD Series
Section 2. Specifications
Input
Voltage
(ADC)
Output
Voltage
(ADC)
Maximum
Armature
Current
HP Range
VFD02-115AC
115 VAC
115 VAC
2.4
1/16 - 1/4
VFD02-230AC
230 VAC
230 VAC
2.4
1/8 - 1/2
VFD02-D230AC
115 VAC
230 VAC
230 VAC
2.4
1/8 - 1/2
VFD04-115AC
115 VAC
115 VAC
4.0
1/8 - 1/2
VFD04-230AC
230 VAC
230 VAC
4.0
1/4 - 1
VFD04-D230AC
115 VAC
230 VAC
230 VAC
4.0
1/4 - 1
Model
AC Line Voltage
AC Motor Voltage
Output Frequency Range
Adjustable Maximum Frequency Range
Standard Carrier Frequency
115 or 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 1Ø or 3Ø
0 - 120 Hz
30 - 120 Hz
16 kHz
Acceleration Time Range
1 - 12 seconds
Deceleration Time Range
1 - 12 seconds
Analog Input Range
(signal must be isolated; S1 to S2*)
Input Impedance (S1 to S2)
Vibration
2
115 or 230 VAC ± 10%, 50/60 Hz, 1Ø
0 - 5 VDC
~100K ohms
0.5G maximum (0 - 50 Hz)
0.1G maximum (> 50 Hz)
VFD Series
Safety Certifications
Ambient Temperature Range
UL/cUL Listed Equipment, File # E132235
10°C - 40°C
* An isolation board option that allows for a non-isolated 0-5 VDC, 0-10 VDC, or 4-20 mA input
signal is available; part number 200-0422. This options is mounted in the field directly above the
main board, maintaining the same footprint.
3
VFD Series
Section 3. Dimensions
POWER
C510
TB501
J501
U
MAX
JMP501
ACCEL
DECEL
TQ
IC502
FAULT
TQ LIMIT
BOOST
Y
6.30 [160]
6.90 [175]
W
AC
AC
-
L1
J502
L2
J503
0.97 [25]
0.97 [25]
H
2.12 [54]
0.96 [24]
0.97 [25]
E2 E1 S1 S2 S3 D
Model
H
VFD02-115AC 2.68 [68]
VFD02-230AC 2.48 [63]
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
4
Figure 1. VFD02-115AC and VFD02-230AC Dimensions
VFD Series
L2
115V
J501
230V
C501
W
L1
BOO
C510
TB501
J501
JMP501
U
MAX
ACCEL
DECEL
TQ
IC502
TQ LI
V
3.80 [97]
C502
TH501
4.30 [109]
0.97 [25]
2.72 [69]
0.96 [24]
3.02 [76.7]
2.12 [54]
3.70 [94]
E2 E1 S1 S2 S3 D
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 2. VFD02-D230AC Dimensions
5
TB501
6
C510
J501
ACCEL
DECEL
JMP501
MAX
U
TQ
POWER
FAULT
TQ LIMIT
E2 E1 S1 S2 S3 D
6.90 [175]
6.30 [160]
IC502
Y
BOOST
W
AC
AC
-
L1
L2
J503
3.68 [93.5]
0.13 [3]
1.00 [25]
0.7 [18]
3.00 [72]
4.40 [112]
VFD Series
J502
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 3. VFD04-115AC and VFD04-230AC Dimensions
VFD Series
4.40 [112]
3.00 [72]
0.70 [18]
L2
115V
J501
230V
C501
W
L1
IC502
TQ LI
Y
BOO
C502
TH501
6.90 [175]
C510
TB501
J501
JMP501
U
MAX
ACCEL
DECEL
TQ
6.30 [160]
4.45 [113]
1.00 [25]
E2 E1 S1 S2 S3 D
0.13 [3]
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 4. VFD04-D230AC Dimensions
7
VFD Series
Section 4. Installation

!
WARNING!
Do not install, rewire, or remove this control with input power
applied. Failure to heed this warning may result in fire, explosion,
or serious injury. Make sure you read and understand the Safety
Precautions on page i before attempting to install this product.
Mounting
• Drive components are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. Avoid
direct contact with the circuit board. Hold the drive by the chassis
or heat sink only.
• Protect the drive from dirt, moisture, and accidental contact.
• Provide sufficient room for access to the terminals and calibration
trim pots.
• Mount the drive away from heat sources. Operate the drive within
the specified ambient operating temperature range.
• Prevent loose connections by avoiding excessive vibration of the
drive.
• Mount the drive with its board in either a horizontal or vertical
plane. Six 0.19” (5 mm) wide slots in the chassis and 4 in the heat
sink accept #8 pan head screws. Fasten either the large base or the
narrow flange of the chassis to the subplate.
• The chassis or heat sink should be earth grounded. Use a star
washer beneath the head of at least one of the mounting screws to
penetrate the anodized surface and to reach bare metal.
8
VFD Series
Speed Adjust Potentiometer

!
WARNING!
Be sure that the potentiometer tabs do not make contact with the
potentiometer’s body. Grounding the input will cause damage to
the drive.
If using a remote potentiometer with a chassis drive, mount the speed
adjust potentiometer through a 0.38 in. (10 mm) hole with the hardware
provided (Figure 5). Install the circular insulating disk between the panel
and the 10K ohm speed adjust potentiometer.
Twist the speed adjust potentiometer wire to avoid picking up unwanted
electrical noise. If the speed adjust potentiometer wires are longer than
18 in. (46 cm), use shielded cable. Keep the speed adjust potentiometer
wires separate from power leads (L1, L2, U, V, W).
MOUNT THROUGH A 0.38 IN. (10 MM) HOLE
CW
WIPER
CCW
NUT
STAR
WASHER
SPEED ADJUST
POTENTIOMETER
INSULATING DISK
POT TAB ASSIGNMENTS
PANEL
Figure 5. Speed Adjust Potentiometer
9
VFD Series
Wiring

!
WARNING!
Do not install, rewire, or remove this control with input power
applied. Failure to heed this warning may result in fire, explosion,
or serious injury.
Circuit potentials are at 115 or 230 VAC above ground. To prevent
the risk of injury or fatality, avoid direct contact with the printed
circuit board or with circuit elements.
Do not disconnect any of the motor leads from the drive unless
power is removed or the drive is disabled. Opening any one
motor lead while the drive is running may destroy the drive.
This product does not have internal solid state motor overload
protection. It does not contain speed-sensitive overload
protection, thermal memory retention or provisions to receive
and act upon signal from remote devices for over temperature
protection. If motor over protection is needed in the end-use
product, it needs to be provided by additional equipment in
accordance with NEC standards.
• Use 18 - 24 AWG wire for logic wiring. Use 14 - 16 AWG wire for
AC line and motor wiring.
10
VFD Series
Shielding Guidelines

!
WARNING!
Under no circumstances should power and logic level leads be
bundled together. Induced voltage can cause unpredictable
behavior in any electronic device, including motor controls.
As a general rule, Minarik Drives recommends shielding of all conductors.
If it is not practical to shield power conductors, it is recommended
to shield all logic-level leads. If shielding of all logic-level leads is not
practical, the user should twist all logic leads with themselves to
minimize induced noise.
It may be necessary to earth ground the shielded cable. If noise is
produced by devices other than the drive, ground the shield at the drive
end. If noise is generated by a device on the drive, ground the shield at
the end away from the drive. Do not ground both ends of the shield.
If the drive continues to pick up noise after grounding the shield, it may
be necessary to add AC line filtering devices, or to mount the drive in a
less noisy environment.
Logic wires from other input devices, such as motion controllers and PLL
velocity controllers, must be separated from power lines in the same
manner as the logic I/O on this drive.
11
VFD Series
Line Fusing
Chassis drives should be fused for protection. Use fast acting fuses rated
for 250 VAC or higher and 150% of maximum armature current. Fuse HOT
L1 only when the line voltage is 115 VAC. Fuse both L1 and L2 when the
line voltage is 230 VAC. Table 1 lists the recommended line fuse sizes.
Table 1. Recommended Line Fuse Sizes
Drive
Single Phase
Input Voltage
(VAC)
Maximum
Horsepower
AC Line
Current
(amps)
AC Line
Fuse Size
(amps)
VFD02-115AC
VFD02-230AC
VFD02-D230AC
115
230
115 / 230
1/4
1/2
1/2
7
7
10 / 7
10
10
15 / 10
VFD04-115AC
VFD04-230AC
VFD04-D230AC
115
230
115 / 230
1/2
1
1
10
10
15 / 10
15
15
20 / 15
Minarik Drives offers fuse kits. See Section 9: Accessories and
Replacement Parts for fuse kit part numbers.
12
VFD Series
Connections

!
Do not connect this equipment with power applied. Failure to
heed this warning may result in fire, explosion, or serious injury.
WARNING!
Minarik Drives strongly recommends the installation of a master
power switch in the voltage input line, as shown in Figures 6, 7,
and 8 (pages 13 and 15). The switch contacts should be rated at
a minimum of 200% of motor nameplate current and 250 volts.
Power Input (VFDxx-115AC or VFDxx-230AC)
Connect the AC line power leads to terminals L1 and L2. Minarik Drives
recommends the use of a single-throw, double-pole master power
switch. The switch should be rated at a minimum of 250 volts and 200%
of motor current. Refer to Figure 6.
U
V
W
TB501
BOOST
DECEL
TQ
ACCEL
TQ LIMIT
FAULT
J503
J501
MAX
JMP501
* Do not add fuse to L2 unless
line voltage is 230 VAC.
POWER
AC
AC
-
* FUSE
IC502
L2
J502
L1
FUSE
115 / 230 VAC
LINE INPUT
START/STOP
SWITCH
Figure 6. VFDxx-115AC and VFDxx-230AC AC Line Connections
13
VFD Series
Power Input (VFDxx-D230AC)

!
WARNING!
Do not connect a 230 VAC line input when the drive is set for a
115 VAC input. This will result in severe damage to the motor and
the drive, and can lead to explosion and/or injury. Check jumper
settings before connecting the AC power input.
The VFDxx-D230AC series drives are equipped with a voltage doubling
feature which converts a 115 VAC input into a 230 VAC output for use
with 230 VAC motors. The drive output current rating remains the same.
User caution when connecting this input.
If the input voltage is 115 VAC and the motor is rated for 230 VAC, set
the drive for voltage-doubler mode. Set jumper J501 for 115V as shown
in Figure 7.
If the input voltage is 230 VAC and the motor is rated for 230 VAC, set
the drive for non-voltage-doubler mode. Set jumper J501 for 230V as
shown in Figure 8.
14
VFD Series
U
V
TB501
W
TH501
L2
BOO
DECEL
TQ
ACCEL
C501
TQ LI
J501
J501 Voltage
Doubler Mode Setting
(115 VAC in - 230 VAC out)
MAX
JMP501
C502
START/STOP
SWITCH
115V
J501
230V
IC502
115 VAC
LINE INPUT
L1
FUSE
Figure 7. VFDxx-D230AC 115 VAC Line Connections
U
V
TB501
W
TH501
L2
BOO
DECEL
TQ
ACCEL
C501
TQ LI
J501 Voltage
Non-Doubler Mode Setting
(230 VAC in - 230 VAC out)
MAX
JMP501
C502
115V
J501
IC502
230V
J501
FUSE
START/STOP
SWITCH
L1
FUSE
230 VAC
LINE INPUT
Figure 8. VFDxx-D230AC 230 VAC Line Connections
15
VFD Series

!
WARNING!
Caution should be taken when operating fan-cooled motors at
low speeds because their fans may not move sufficient air to
properly cool the motor. It is recommended to use “inverterduty” rated motors when the speed range is beyond 10:1.
The following motor types MAY NOT be used:
· Split Phase
· Any motor with a starting switch
· Repulsion Induction
(centrifugal or relay) and/or a
· Series Universal AC/DC
seperate starting winding.
In general, the drive can work with capacitor-start motors, but it
is conditional on the current pull when the capacitor is in effect
and how long the application calls for a speed that the capacitor
will stay in the auxiliary winding. It is recommended to contact
the motor manufacturer to see if the motor can be ran with a
VFD.
Motor Connections (Single Phase Operation)
For single phase operation, connect the motor as shown in Figure 9.
Ensure that the prewired capacitor and its associated motor coil are
connected to terminals U and V as shown. This connection may be
internal if using a 2-wire motor. If the motor has 3-leads, you may need
to make this connection yourself.
To reverse a single phase split capacitor motor, connect the motor as
shown in Figure 10. The motor run cap must be removed from the circuit.
Motor Connections (Three Phase Operation)
Connect the motor to terminals U, V, and W as shown in Figure 11.
16
VFD Series
MOTOR
WINDINGS
PREWIRED
RUN
CAPACITOR
NOTE
This connection may be
internal to the motor (2 wire
leads). If not, you must make
this connection yourself.
DO NOT use a
DIRECTION switch
with this set-up. See
Figure 10 for setup using
a DIRECTION switch.
U
V
W
Figure 9. Single Phase Motor Connections
MOTOR
WINDINGS
AUXILLARY WINDING
WITHOUT CAPACITOR
U
V
W
Figure 10. Single Phase Motor Connections - Reversing
MOTOR
WINDINGS
U
V
W
Figure 11. Three Phase Motor Connections
17
VFD Series
Speed Adjust Potentiometer
Use a 10K ohm, 1/4 W potentiometer for speed control. Connect the
counter-clockwise end of the potentiometer to S1, the wiper to S2, and
the clockwise end to S3. If the potentiometer works inversely of the
desired functionality (e.g. to increase motor speed you must turn the
potentiometer counterclockwise), power off the drive and swap the S1
and S3 connections. Refer to Figure 12.
Enable Switch
Connect a single-pole, single throw ENABLE switch between terminals
E1 and E2. Open the switch to disable the drive and coast the motor to a
stop. Close the switch to enable the drive and accelerate to set speed at
a rate determined by the ACCEL trim pot.
Direction Switch
Connect a single-pole, single throw DIRECTION switch between terminals
E1 and D. Open the switch to run the motor in the forward direction.
Close the switch to run the motor in the reverse direction.
TB501
ENABLE SWITCH (Close to Run)
E2
E1
S1
S2
10K OHM
SPEED ADJUST
POTENTIOMETER
CW
DIRECTION SWITCH
S3
D
Figure 12. Potentiometer and Switch Connections
18
VFD Series
Analog Input Signal
Instead of using a speed adjust potentiometer, the drive may be wired to
follow an analog input voltage signal that is isolated from earth ground
(Figure 13). Connect the signal common (–) to S1. Connect the signal
reference (+) to S2. Make no connection to S3. A potentiometer can be
used to scale the analog input voltage. Adder board 200-0422 may be
used to isolate an analog input voltage.
An analog input voltage range of 0–5 VDC is required to produce an
voltage range of 0 - full speed.
TB501
E2
E1
Signal Common (-)
S1
Signal Reference (+)
S2
S3
D
Figure 13. Analog Input Signal Connections
19
VFD Series
Section 4. Operation

!
WARNING!
Change voltage switch settings only when the drive is
disconnected from AC line voltage. Make sure both switches are
set to their correct position. If the switches are improperly set
to a lower voltage position, the motor will not run at full voltage
and may cause damage to the transformer. If the switches are
improperly set to a higher voltage position, the motor will
overspeed, which may cause motor damage, or result in bodily
injury or loss of life.
Dangerous voltages exist on the drive when it is powered. BE
ALERT. High voltages can cause serious or fatal injury. For your
safety, use personal protective equipment (PPE) when operating
this drive.
If the motor or drive does not perform as described, disconnect
the AC line voltage immediately. Refer to the Troubleshooting
section, page 41, for further assistance.
Before Applying Power
1. Verify that no foreign conductive material is present on the
printed circuit board.
2. Ensure that all switches / jumpers are properly set.
20
VFD Series
Select Switches
Input Voltage Select (J501)
Set the input voltage select jumper J501 to either 115 or 230 to match
the AC line voltage. See Figure 14.
U
V
TB501
W
TH501
L2
BOO
DECEL
TQ
ACCEL
C501
TQ LI
J501 Voltage
Set to 115V if using a 115 VAC line
Set to 230V if using a 230 VAC line
MAX
JMP501
C502
115V
J501
IC502
230V
J501
WARNING: Do not connect a 230 VAC
line input when the drive is set for 115V.
This will result in severe damage to the
drive and can lead to explosion and/or
injury.
L1
Figure 14. J501 Settings
21
VFD Series
Startup
1.
Turn the speed adjust potentiometer full counterclockwise
(CCW) or set the input voltage signal to minimum.
2. Apply AC line voltage.
3. Slowly advance the speed adjust potentiometer clockwise
(CW) or increase the input voltage signal. The motor slowly
accelerates as the potentiometer is turned CW or as the input
voltage signal is increased. Continue until the desired speed is
reached.
4.
22
Remove AC line voltage from the drive to coast the motor to a
stop.
VFD Series
Starting and Stopping Methods

!
WARNING!
Dynamic braking, coasting to a stop, or decelerating to minimum
speed is recommended for frequent starts and stops. Do not use
any of these methods for emergency stopping. They may not stop
a drive that is malfunctioning. Removing AC line power (both
lines) is the only acceptable method for emergency stopping.
For this reason, Minarik Drives strongly recommends installing an
emergency stop switch on both AC line inputs (see Figures 6, 7,
and 8 on pages 13 and 15).
Frequent starting and stopping can produce high torque. This
may cause damage to motors, especially gearmotors that are not
properly sized for the application.
Automatic Restart Upon Power Restoration
All drives automatically run to set speed when power is applied and the
enable is closed.
Line Starting and Stopping
Line starting and stopping (applying and removing AC line voltage) is
recommended for infrequent starting and stopping of a drive only. When
AC line voltage is applied to the drive, the motor accelerates to the speed
set by the speed adjust potentiometer or analog signal. When AC line
voltage is removed, the motor coasts to a stop.
23
VFD Series
Decelerating to Zero Speed
The switch shown in Figure 15 may be used to decelerate a motor to zero
speed. The DECEL trim pot setting determines the rate at which the drive
decelerates. By opening the switch, the motor accelerates to set speed
at a rate determined by the ACCEL trim pot setting.
CW
S3
10K OHM
SPEED ADJUST
POTENTIOMETER
S2
S1
RUN
DECEL TO
MIN SPEED
Figure 15. Run/Decelerate to Minimum Speed Switch
Coast to Zero Speed (Enable)
The enable switch may be used to coast to a motor to a stop. Refer to
page 18.
24
VFD Series
Section 5. Calibration

!
WARNING!
Dangerous voltages exist on the drive when it is powered. When
possible, disconnect the voltage input from the drive before
adjusting the trim pots. If the trim pots must be adjusted with
power applied, use insulated tools and the appropriate personal
protection equipment. BE ALERT. High voltages can cause serious
or fatal injury.
VFD series drives have user-adjustable trim pots. Each drive is factory
calibrated to its maximum current rating. Readjust the calibration trim
pot settings to accommodate lower current rated motors.
All adjustments increase with CW rotation, and decrease with CCW
rotation. Use a non-metallic screwdriver for calibration. Each trim pot is
identified on the printed circuit board.
25
VFD Series
Maximum Speed (MAX)
The MAX setting determines the maximum motor speed (voltage/
frequency) when the speed adjust potentiometer or input voltage signal
is set for maximum speed.
To calibrate MAX:
1.
Set the MAX trim pot full CCW.
2.
Set the speed adjust potentiometer or input voltage signal for
maximum speed.
3. Adjust MAX until the desired maximum speed is reached.
26
VFD Series
Torque (TQ LIMIT)

!
WARNING!
TQ LIMIT should be set to 120% of motor nameplate current
rating. Continuous operation beyond this rating may damage the
motor. If you intend to operate beyond the rating, contact your
Minarik Drives representative for assistance.
The TQ LIMIT setting determines the maximum torque for accelerating
and driving the motor.
To calibrate TQ LIMIT:
1. With the power disconnected from the drive, connect a DC
ammeter in series with the armature.
2. Set the TQ LIMIT trim pot to minimum (full CCW).
3. Set the speed adjust potentiometer full CW or input voltage
signal to maximum speed.
4. Carefully lock the motor armature. Be sure that the motor is
firmly mounted.
5. Apply line power. The motor should be stopped.
6. Slowly adjust the TQ LIMIT trim pot CW until the armature
current is 120% of motor rated armature current.
7. Turn the speed adjust potentiometer CCW or decrease the
input voltage signal.
8. Remove line power.
9. Remove the stall from the motor.
10. Remove the ammeter in series with the motor armature if it is
no longer needed.
27
VFD Series
Boost (BOOST)
The BOOST trim pot is used to increase motor torque at low speeds. The
minimum setting is sufficient for most applications and does not need
to be adjusted. If the motor stalls or runs erratically at very low speeds
(below 10 Hz), the boost trim pot may need adjustment.
To calibrate BOOST:
1.
Run the motor at the lowest continuous frequency/speed
required.
2.
Monitor the motor phase current (with a true RMS meter) while
very slowly turning the BOOST trim pot CW untilthe motor
operates properly, or 100% of the motor nameplate current is
reached.
Use the absolute minimum amount of BOOST necessary to
NOTE: U
achieve proper motor operation. Improper use of the
BOOST feature may cause motor and/or drive overheating
and failure.
28
VFD Series
Acceleration (ACCEL)
The ACCEL setting determines the time the motor takes to ramp to a
higher speed. See Specifications on page 1 for approximate acceleration
times. ACCEL is factory set for the shortest acceleration time (full CCW).
To set the acceleration time:
1.
Set the speed adjust potentiometer or input voltage signal for
minimum speed. The motor should run at minimum speed.
2.
Set the speed adjust potentiometer or input voltage signal for
maximum speed. Measure the time it takes the motor to go
from minimum to maximum speed.
3. If the time measured in step 2 is not the desired acceleration
time, turn the ACCEL trim pot CW for a longer acceleration time
or CCW for a shorter acceleration time. Repeat steps 1 through
2 until the acceleration time is correct.
Deceleration (DECEL)
The DECEL setting determines the time the motor takes to ramp to a
lower speed. See Specifications on page 1 for approximate deceleration
times. DECEL is factory set for the shortest deceleration time (full CCW).
To set the deceleration time:
1.
Set the speed adjust potentiometer or input voltage signal for
maximum speed. The motor should run at maximum speed.
2. Set the speed adjust potentiometer or input voltage signal for
minimum speed. Measure the time it takes the motor to go
from maximum to minimum speed.
3. If the time measured in step 2 is not the desired deceleration
time, turn the DECEL trim pot CW for a longer deceleration time
or CCW for a shorter deceleration time. Repeat steps 1 through
2 until the deceleration time is correct.
29
VFD Series
Section 6.Application Notes
Multiple Fixed Speeds
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with a series of resistors with a
total series resistance of 10K ohms (Figure 16). Add a single pole, multiposition switch with the correct number of positions for the desired
number of fixed speeds.
R1
S3
R2
S2
R3
S1
TOTAL SERIES
RESISTANCE
10K OHMS
R4
Figure 16. Multiple Fixed Speeds
30
VFD Series
Adjustable Speeds Using Potentiometers In Series
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with a series of resistors with a
total series resistance of 10K ohms (Figure 17). Add a single pole, multiposition switch with the correct number of positions for the desired
number of fixed speeds.
CW
S3
HIGH
SPEED
5K
OHM
LOW
SPEED
CW
S2
S1
5K
OHM
Figure 17. Adjustable Speeds Using Potentiometers In Series
31
VFD Series
Independent Adjustable Speeds
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with a single pole, multiposition switch, and two or more potentiometers in parallel, with a total
parallel resistance of 10K ohms. Figure 18 shows the connection of two
independent speed adjust potentiometers that can be mounted at two
separate operating stations.
S3
SPEED 2
CW
CW
SPEED 1
20K
OHM
20K
OHM
S2
S1
Figure 18. Independent Adjustable Speeds
32
VFD Series
Independent Adjustable Speeds with Direction Switch
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with two single-pole, double
throw switches, and two potentiometers in parallel with a total
parallel resistance of 10K ohms. Figure 19 shows the connection of two
independent speed adjust potentiometers that can be mounted at two
seperate operating stations.
TB501
E2
FORWARD
SPEED
20K OHM
E1
REVERSE
SPEED
S1
20K OHM
S2
S3
FORWARD
REVERSE
D (DIRECTION)
Figure 19. Independent Adjustable Speeds with a Direction Switch
33
VFD Series
RUN/JOG Switch - Enable Connection
Connect the RUN/JOG switch and the JOG pushbutton as shown in Figure
20. When the RUN/JOG switch is set to JOG, the motor coasts to zero
speed. Press the JOG pushbutton to jog the motor. Return the RUN/JOG
switch to RUN for normal operation.
NORMALLY OPEN
RUN/JOG
PUSHBUTTON
RUN/JOG
SWITCH
JOG
TB501
(motor coasts to stop)
E2 (ENABLE)
RUN
E1 (COMMON)
S1
S2
S3
D
Figure 20. RUN/JOG Switch - Connection to Speed Adjust Potentiometer
34
VFD Series
RUN/JOG Switch - Potentiometer Connection
Connect the RUN/JOG switch and the JOG pushbutton as shown in Figure
21. When the RUN/JOG switch is set to JOG, the motor decelerates to
zero speed at a rate determined by the DECEL trim pot. Press the JOG
pushbutton to jog the motor. Return the RUN/JOG switch to RUN for
normal operation.
S3
CW
S2
10K OHM
SPEED ADJUST
POTENTIOMETER
S1
RUN
JOG
JOG
PUSHBUTTON
Figure 21. RUN/JOG Switch - Connection to Speed Adjust Potentiometer
35
VFD Series
Leader-Follower Application
In this application, use a PCM4 to monitor the speed of the leader motor
(Figure 22). The PCM4 isolates the leader motor from the follower
drive, and outputs a voltage proportional to the leader motor armature
voltage. The follower drive uses this voltage reference to set the speed of
the follower motor. An optional ratio potentiometer may be used to scale
the PCM4 output voltage.
MOTOR
A2
(+) 2
9 (+)
A1
Leader
Drive
PCM4
8
7 (-)
TB501
S2
(-) 1
TB502
S1
10K Ohm
(optional)
Figure 22. Leader-Follower Application
36
Follower
Drive
VFD Series
Single Speed Potentiometer Control Of Multiple Drives
Multiple drives can be controlled with a single speed adjust potentiometer
using a USIM-8 at the input of each drive to provide isolation (Figure 23).
Optional ratio potentiometers can be used to scale the USIM-8 output
voltage, allowing independent control of each drive.
10K Ohms
S3
+
S2
1
ratio pot A
(optional)
10K Ohms
S2
-
S1
+
Drive
A
S1
A1
A2
ratio pot B
(optional)
10K Ohms
A1
2
S2
-
S1
Motor
A
Drive
B
Motor
B
A2
USIM-8
+
ratio pot H
(optional)
10K Ohms
A1
8
S2
-
S1
Drive
H
Motor
H
A2
Figure 23. Single Speed Potentiometer Control of Multiple Drives
37
VFD Series
Quick Reversing
To reverse the direction of the motor shaft rotation, install a DPDT center
off switch as shown below (Figure 24). The drive will brake the motor
before reversing, so there is no need to wait for the motor to coast to a
stop before changing direction.
TB501
E2 (ENABLE)
DPDT CENTER
OFF SWITCH
E1 (COMMON)
FWD
STOP
REV
S1
S2
S3
D
Figure 24. Quick Reversing Circuit Wiring
38
VFD Series
Section 7. Diagnostic LEDs
VFD series drives are equipped with three diagnostic LEDs:
•
Power (POWER): Green LED lights whenever AC line voltage is
applied to the drive.
•
Current Limit (TQ): Yellow LED lights whenever the drive reaches
current limit.
•
Fault (FAULT): Red LED lights whenever one of the following
conditions has occurred.
1. Undervoltage
115 VAC line: DC bus dropped below 100 VDC (93.5 VAC rms).
230 VAC line: DC bus dropped below 200 VDC (187 VAC rms).
2. Overvoltage
115 VAC line: DC bus exceeded 200 VDC (152.5 VAC rms).
230 VAC line: DC bus exceeded 400 VDC (302 VAC rms).
3. Instantaneous Overcurrent Trip
Inverter output current has exceeded safe levels.
To remove a fault condition, the enable must be cycled. Cycling
the AC line power will remove a fault as well, but the capacitors
must completely discharge before re-applying power for the fault
to clear.
Refer to Figure 25 on page 40 for LED locations.
39
VFD Series
U
Current Limit
LED
Y
W
Fault LED
TB501
BOOST
DECEL
TQ
ACCEL
TQ LIMIT
FAULT
MAX
J503
J501
JMP501
POWER
AC
AC
-
IC502
Power LED
C510
L2
J502
L1
Figure 25. Diagnostic LED Locations
40
VFD Series
Section 8. Troubleshooting

!
WARNING!
Dangerous voltages exist on the drive when it is powered. When
possible, disconnect the drive while troubleshooting. High
voltages can cause seroius or fatal injury.
Before Troubleshooting
Perform the following steps before starting any procedure in this
section:
1.
Disconnect AC line voltage from the drive.
2. Check the drive closely for damaged components.
3. Check that no conductive or other foreign material has become
lodged on the printed circuit board.
4. Verify that every connection is correct and in good condition.
5. Verify that there are no short circuits or grounded
connections.
6. Check that the selection switch settings are correctly set.
7. Check that the drive’s rated armature is consistent with the
motor ratings.
For additional assistance, contact your local Minarik Drives distributor
or the factory direct:
(800) MINARIK or FAX: (800) 394-6334
41
VFD Series
PROBLEM
Line fuse
blows.
Line fuse does
not blow, but
the motor does
not run.
42
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS
1. Line fuse is the wrong size.
1. Check that the line fuse is
correct for the motor size.
2. Motor cable or armature is
shorted to ground.
2. Check motor cable and
armature for shorts.
3. Nuisance tripping caused by
a combination of ambient
conditions and high-current
spikes (i.e. reversing).
3. Add a blower to cool the
drive components, decrease
TQ LIMIT settings, resize
motor and drive for actual
load demand, or check for
incorrectly aligned mechanical
components or “jams”. See
page 27 for information on
adjusting the TQ LIMIT trim
pot.
1. Speed adjust potentiometer
or input voltage signal is set
to zero speed.
1. Increase the speed adjust
potentiometer setting or input
voltage signal.
2. Speed adjust potentiometer
or input voltage signal is not
properly connected to drive
input; connections are open.
2. Check connections to input.
Verify that connections are not
open.
3. S2 is shorted to S1.
3. Remove the short.
4. Drive is in current limit.
4. Verify that the motor is not
jammed. Increase TQ LIMIT
setting if set too low.
5. Drive is in a FAULT condition.
5. Disable and then re-enable
drive.
6. Drive is disabled.
6. Make sure there is a short
between terminals COM
and EN.
7. Drive is not receiving AC line
voltage.
7. Apply AC line voltage.
6. Motor is not connected.
6. Remove power. Connect the
motor to U, V, and W. Reapply
power.
VFD Series
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS
Motor runs too
slow or too fast
at set speed.
1. MAX trim pot is not
calibrated correctly.
1. Calibrate the MAX trim pot
(page 26).
Motor will
not reach the
desired speed.
1. MAX setting is too low.
1. Increase MAX setting (page 26).
2. Nominal input voltage may
be too low for motor.
2. Compare motor voltage to
input voltage; replace motor is
necessary.
3. Motor is overloaded.
3. Check motor load. Resize the
motor if necessary.
Motor pulsates
or surges under
load.
1. Motor “bouncing” in and out
of torque limit.
1. Make sure the motor is not
undersized for load; adjust TQ
LIMIT setting CW (page 27).
Motor does not
reverse.
1. Defective DIRECTION switch
connection.
1. Check DIRECTION switch
connection.
2. Reversing circuit not working
properly.
2. Check reversing circuit by
shorting TB501 D terminal and
EN terminal with jumper wire.
1. TQ LIMIT set too low.
1. Check TQ LIMIT setting (page
27).
2. Load may exceed rating of
motor/drive.
2. “Fix” load (i.e., straighten
mounting, coupling, etc.); or
replace motor and drive with
motor and drive rated for
higher horsepower.
3. Nominal input voltage may
be too low for motor.
3. Compare motor voltage to
input voltage. Replace motor if
necessary.
TQ LIMIT is
unsatisfactory
at high speeds.
43
VFD Series
Section 9. Accessories & Replacement Parts
Displays
Closed Loop................................................................................. DLC600
Open Loop....................................................................................... VT-8
Heat Sinks
Chassis..................................................................................... 223-0159
NEMA 1.................................................................................... 223-0174
Kits
Potentiometer & Connector
Pot Kit.................................................................................. 202-0031
Fuse
1.5 - 5 Amp Fuse Kit............................................................. 050-0066
1 - 8 Amp Fuse Kit with Pico Fuse........................................ 050-0068
3 - 8 Amp Fuse Kit with Pico Fuse........................................ 050-0069
5 - 15 Amp Fuse Kit.............................................................. 050-0071
Wiring
Inhibit Plug (18 in. leads)..................................................... 201-0024
Inhibit Plug (36 in. leads)..................................................... 201-0079
Logic Cards
Current Sensing
5 Amps..................................................................................... CSC1-5
20 amps................................................................................. CSC1-20
Isolation Cards
Unidirectional, 8 outputs........................................................ USIM-8
Bidirectional, 1 output............................................................... PCM4
44
VFD Series
Section 10. Optional C510 Capacitor Kit
In some applications, lower carrier frequency reduces switching losses
and increases bearing life in some motors. Minarik Drives provides an
optional capacitor kit for lowering the carrier frequency.
The default carrier frequency on a VFD series control is 16 kHz. Using one
of the capacitors supplied in the kit, the carrier frequency can be lowered
to a range of 12 kHZ to 4 kHz.
Note: Audible noise will be increase as carrier frequency is lowered.
To lower the carrier frequency on a VFD series control, install one of the
following 2-pin capacitors (C510) on the bottom board. Refer to Figure
26 on page 46.
Table 2. Carrier Frequency and Capacitor Values
Frequency
Label on Capacitor
Value
12 kHz
10 kHz
8 kHz
4 kHz
3n3J
6n8
10n
33n
0.0033 uF
0.0068 uF
0.01 uF
0.033 uF
45
VFD Series
U
V
W
TB501
BOOST
DECEL
TQ
ACCEL
TQ LIMIT
Cap Label
J501
FAULT
MAX
J503
3n3 J100
JMP501
POWER
AC
AC
-
IC502
C510
Insert the 2-pins of
the carrier frequency
capacitor into the 2
socket-holes (C510)
located on bottom board.
Figure 26. Carrier Frequency Capacitor Location
46
L2
J502
CARRIER FREQUENCY
CAPACITOR (C510)
L1
VFD Series
Notes
47
VFD Series
Unconditional Warranty
A. Warranty
Minarik Drives warrants that its products will be free from defects in workmanship and material
for twelve (12) months or 3000 hours, whichever comes first, from date of manufacture thereof.
Within this warranty period, Minarik Drives will repair or replace, at its sole discretion, such
products that are returned to Minarik Drives, 14300 De La Tour Drive, South Beloit, Illinois 61080
USA.
This warranty applies only to standard catalog products, and does not apply to specials. Any
returns of special controls will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Minarik Drives is not
responsible for removal, installation, or any other incidental expenses incurred in shipping the
product to and from the repair point.
B. Disclaimer
The provisions of Paragraph A are Minarik Drives’s sole obligation and exclude all other
warranties of merchantability for use, expressed or implied. Minarik Drives further disclaims
any responsibility whatsoever to the customer or to any other person for injury to the person
or damage or loss of property of value caused by any product that has been subject to misuse,
negligence, or accident, or misapplied or modified by unauthorized persons or improperly
installed.
C. Limitations of Liability
In the event of any claim for breach of any of Minarik Drives’s obligations, whether expressed
or implied, and particularly of any other claim or breach of warranty contained in Paragraph
A, or of any other warranties, expressed or implied, or claim of liability that might, despite
Paragraph B, be decided against Minarik Drives by lawful authority, Minarik Drives shall under no
circumstances be liable for any consequential damages, losses, or expenses arising in connection
with the use of, or inability to use, Minarik Drives’s product for any purpose whatsoever.
An adjustment made under warranty does not void the warranty, nor does it imply an extension
of the original 12-month warranty period. Products serviced and/or parts replaced on a
no-charge basis during the warranty period carry the unexpired portion of the original warranty
only.
If for any reason any of the foregoing provisions shall be ineffective, Minarik Drives’s liability
for damages arising out of its manufacture or sale of equipment, or use thereof, whether such
liability is based on warranty, contract, negligence, strict liability in tort, or otherwise, shall not in
any event exceed the full purchase price of such equipment.
Any action against Minarik Drives based upon any liability or obligation arising hereunder or
under any law applicable to the sale of equipment or the use thereof, must be commenced within
one year after the cause of such action arises.
48
w w w.minarikdrives.com
1430 0 DE LA TOUR DRIV E
SO U TH BELOIT, IL 61080
(800) MINA RIK
250-0348 Rev 5
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