DolphiCam User Manual 1.5
DolphiCam
User Manual
Date
Version
Author
July 28, 2015
1.5
Albert Payaro, Eskil Skoglund & Jan Olav Endrerud
www.dolphitech.com
© 2014 DolphiTech. All rights reserved. DolphiTech, the DolphiTech logo, and other DolphiTech marks are owned by DolphiTech and may be
registered. Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corp., registered in the U.S. and other countries. All other trademarks are the property of
their respective owners. DolphiTech assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this manual. Information contained herein is
subject to change without notice.
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Contents
1.
Overview
1.1
General
1.2
Visualization
1.3
Materials
1.4
DolphiCam
1.4.1 DolphiCam Hardware Upgrade – Mark I versus Mark II
1.4.2 In the Box
1.4.3 Off/Mode Switch
1.4.4 Scan Button
1.4.5 Charging
1.4.6 Installing Software
1.4.7 Connecting and Starting the Camera
1.4.8 Low Battery
1.4.9 Sleep mode
1.5
Starting Application
1.6
Software Overview
1.6.1 Calibrating the Camera
1.6.2 Taking Images
1.7
C-Scan
1.8
A-Scan
1.9
B-Scans
1.9.1 Vertical B-Scan
1.9.2 Horizontal B-Scan
1.10 3D View
1.11 DolphiCam Settings & Functionality
1.11.1
Start Gate and End Gate
1.11.2
Amplitude Threshold
1.11.3
Color Focus
1.11.4
Measurement in C-Scan
1.11.5
Depth Measurement in B-Scan
1.11.6
Unit
1.11.7
Material depth
1.11.8
Number of Amplitude Gates
1.11.9
Number of ToF Gates
1.11.10 Material Sound of Speed
1.11.11 Transmitting Elements
1.11.12 Analog Gain
1.11.13 Number of Averages
1.11.14 Transmitting Pulse Shape
1.11.15 Time Corrected Gain
1.11.16 Editing Custom Gain Values
1.11.17 Time of flight Palette
1.11.18 Amplitude/B-Scan palette
1.11.19 Custom palettes
1.11.20 Amplitude Auto Color Focus
1.11.21 Stitching Overlap
1.11.22 C-Scan Capture Method
1.11.23 ToF Statistical Mode
1.11.24 Amp Running Average
1.11.25 Drilled Hole Inspection
1.11.26 Drilled Hole Measurement Tool
1.11.27 A-Scan Envelope
1.11.28 Save
1.11.29 Load
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1.11.30 Reset
1.11.31 Close
1.12 Manual Stitching
1.13 Menu Items
1.14 Controlling DolphiCam Settings
2. Technical Specifications
3. Troubleshooting
4. Installing Software
5. Handling, Safety & Support
5.1
Cleaning the DolphiCam
5.2
Important safety information
5.3
DolphiCam Support
5.4
Disposal and recycling information
6. License terms
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1. Overview
1.1 General
DolphiCam is an advanced ultrasound camera designed for test and inspection of CFRP (Carbon fiber
reinforced plastic) to detect material flaws and defects. The DolphiCam connects to a standard Windows PC
or Windows tablet (not included), making it easy to view and interpret results.
There are two main versions of DolphiCam:
- DolphiCam CF08 (can inspect CFRP up to ~8mm thickness)
- DolphiCam CF16 (can inspect CFRP up to ~16mm thickness)
The CF08 has higher frame rate and typically better resolution in the range 1-8mm thickness (CF16 has a
thicker dry coupling which leads to wider spread of the ultrasound from each transducer element).
The camera has a transducer with 124 x 124 (15376) elements over the 31x31 mm transducer (16
elements/mm2), capable of detecting very small defects. The transducer pad is silicone-based, enabling dry
coupling on smooth and painted surfaces. Water or contact gel can be used to improve coupling on rougher
surfaces.
1.2 Visualization
DolphiCam supports the following visualization images:
· A-Scan
· B-Scans
o B-Scan Horizontal
o B-Scan Vertical
· C-Scans
o Amplitude (Amp)
o Time-Of-Flight (ToF)
· Stitched C-Scans (Amplitude or Time-Of-Flight)
· 3D View
The DolphiCam Graphical User Interface can be displayed in two different modes:
· PC Mode (Menus are found on the top left of the application)
· Tablet Mode (Menus are located on the right of the application and are “touch-friendly”)
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PC mode:
Tablet mode:
For each Mode, 4 Views are available:
· All: Displays A-, B-, C-Scan (Amp and ToF) at the same time.
· Classic: Displays. A-, B- and C-Scan (Amp or ToF)
· 1 x C-Scan: Presents A and C-Scan (Amp or ToF)
· 2 x C-Scan: Presents A and C-Scan (Amp and ToF)
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1.3 Materials
The DolphiCam is designed for the following materials:
Material type
CFRP (Carbon fiber reinforced plastic)
Min. approximate
thickness
~ 1 mm
Max. approximate
thickness
~ 8 mm (CF08)
~16 mm (CF16)
NOTE: Depending on the exact material variant, material additives, surface treatment and surface structure,
exact minimum and maximum thicknesses may vary.
1.4 DolphiCam
1.4.1 DolphiCam Hardware Upgrade – Mark I versus Mark II
As of June 2015 DolpiTech offers and hardware upgrade Mark II. For Mark II hardware, the receiver
electronics has been modified to improve the signal-to-noise ratio by ~12dB. The Mark I and Mark II are still
compatible but will have a slightly different gain and TCG performance. For compatibility details, view
application notes on http://www.dolphitech.com/support/. (“Application Note 07 - Gain Compatibility Mark
I & Mark II”)
“Mark I” DolphiCam:
- Hardware version 4, 5, 6, 7 (CF08) & hardware version 10, 11 (CF16)
“Mark II” DolphiCam:
- Hardware version 8 (CF08) & hardware version 12 (CF16)
1.4.2 In the Box
The DolphiCam comes in a protective case.
Contents:
· DolphiCam with a protective cap
· USB stick with DolphiCam software
· Plexiglas “flower” for demonstration purposes
· Charger (EUR, UK or US standards)
· Spare protective cap
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1.4.3 Off/Mode Switch
Turn the camera ON/OFF, and switch between different camera modes.
Position
Off
1
2
3
Calibrate
Description
The Camera is turned OFF
The Camera is ON
Reserved, currently the same as Mode 1
Reserved, currently the same as Mode 1
Camera in Calibration Mode
1.4.4 Scan Button
Start / end scanning. The Scan Button must be clicked (press-and-release) to start scanning video images.
The Scan Button must be clicked again to freeze the images (stop scanning).
The Scan LED is placed in the camera top, oriented towards the operator, just below and to the right of the
Scan Button.
Scanning images
To start scanning
To view a live image stream from the
camera
To end scanning and freeze current
image
Action
Click Scan Button
Leave the scan button
Indication
Scan LED switches from red to green light
Scan LED is green
Click Scan Button again
Scan LED switches from green to red light
Make sure that you do not unintentionally leave the camera in scanning mode, as this will drain the battery.
1.4.5 Charging
The DolphiCam is delivered with some power in its internal battery. The camera should be fully charged
with the supplied charger before first use.
Charge DolphiCam with the included USB cable or power adapter. Using damaged cables or chargers, or
charging when moisture is present, can cause electric shock. Power adapters may become warm during
normal use, and prolonged contact may cause injury. Always allow adequate ventilation around power
adapters when using them. If the camera is left scanning or just on (position 1, 2, 3, Calibrate), when not in
use, the battery will drain and might become completely discharged. If battery is completely discharged,
you must charge while DolphiCam is “OFF” for at least 30 minutes before continue use.
It is not recommended to operate DolphiCam (scanning) when battery is completely discharged, as this will
strain the charger more than maximum charge current (2A). Although the charger has protective circuits, the
charger may become very warm.
As with any equipment containing high-energy Li-Ion batteries, it is not recommended to leave the equipment
unattended when it is charging.
Charging the DolphiCam to full capacity will take up to 5 hours using the charger.
The charging LED is RED when the camera is charging.
The charging LED is GREEN when the camera is fully charged.
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NOTE: The DolphiCam charges whenever the camera is connected to an USB port.
NOTE: Make sure the camera is turned OFF using Off/Mode Switch before charging.
1.4.6 Installing Software
See Installing Software (chapter 4).
1.4.7 Connecting and Starting the Camera
When the software installer has finished, connect the camera to the PC by inserting the USB plug.
NOTE: The USB connector should only be connected to protected Class III circuits.
Turn the camera ON by setting the Off/Mode Switch to “1”.
It is optional to turn the camera ON before it is connected. If the camera is turned OFF when it is connected,
the application waits until a camera is detected.
Waiting for camera to be plugged in (USB) and turned on:
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DolphiCam is detected and Software is ready:
1.4.8 Low Battery
Low battery is indicated in the software by a blinking battery symbol in top left corner.
1.4.9 Sleep mode
To save battery for unnecessary draining, the camera has enabled sleep mode by default. If leaving
DolphiCam scanning unintentionally for 15 minutes, a warning message will occur, and the camera will stop
scanning and go into standby/sleep mode in 60 seconds.
Sleep mode can be disabled/enabled from the Tools menu:
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1.5 Starting Application
Start the DolphiCam software by clicking on the icon on your desktop.
Alternatively, start DolphiCam with the name of a DolphiCam configuration file as a parameter:
Example:
C:\Program Files (x86)\DolphiTech\DolphiCam\DolphiCam.exe <mysettings>.dolphicam
You can also double click on the configuration file to start DolphiCam software.
1.6 Software Overview
Main window:
1.6.1 Calibrating the Camera
Before use, the camera must be calibrated. This will ensure that the ultrasound system is adjusted to the
small variances in the transducer as an effect of microscopic deformations, temperature variations and
other factors.
Calibration is performed towards air.
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The Calibration Wizard starts the first time the camera is connected to the PC:
·
·
·
·
·
·
Make sure transducer surface is clean
Point the camera towards air and turn Mode Switch to “Calibrate”.
Click the Scan Button to start scanning (not necessary for first calibration)
The calibration sequence will take a few seconds.
Turn Mode Switch back to “1” when the calibration is finished.
Click the Scan Button again to stop scanning.
The camera can be re-calibrated at any time, and all pulses are calibrated. The calibration is not affected by
camera settings.
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1.6.2 Taking Images
Click the Scan Button to start scanning video.
Click the Scan Button again to freeze image (stop scanning).
When scanning towards air, the result will look something like this:
1.7 C-Scan
The C-Scan represents the material as seen from the transducer directly into the material. Two C-Scan
modes are available; Amplitude and Time-of-Flight.
DolphiCam scans in both Amplitude and Time-of-Flight modes and data is recorded independent of which
scan mode the application is in. The user can at any time switch between the two image modes by pressing
Amplitude or Time-of-Flight buttons in the application. In some of the views, the C-Scan Amplitude and
Time-Of-Flight are both available.
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Amplitude
The color in amplitude C-Scan image shows the intensity of the maximum value of your reflected pulse
within your gate.
Time-of-Flight (TOF)
The color in TOF C-Scan shows the depth of the reflected pulse within your gate. Notice the blue back wall
and the different colors of the defect.
Stitch mode
DolphiCam supports a powerful manual stitch mode, making it easy to create multi-tile images covering a
large area.
See chapter 1.12 for stitching.
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1.8 A-Scan
The A-Scan is presented in the bottom, left part of the application. The A-Scan displays a signal processed
time series of the ultrasound reflection from the material at the intersection between the C-Scan crosshairs,
over the depth of the material.
1.9 B-Scans
The B-Scan represents a cross-section through the material. There are two B-Scans; a vertical B-Scan and a
horizontal B-Scan. The B-Scans are taken at the position of the white lines in the C-Scan image.
To reposition the B-Scans, click inside the C-Scan to move the white cross-hair to a different position. The
cross-hair will reposition itself at the time of the next picture frame.
1.9.1 Vertical B-Scan
The vertical B-Scan is positioned to the left of the C-Scan, and above the A-Scan. The vertical B-Scan displays
a vertical cross-section at the position of the vertical line in the C-Scan image. Notice the relationship to the
color in C-Scan TOF image and the depth of the reflections/defects in your B-Scan.
The start- and end gates can be set by clicking near the gates in the vertical B-Scan, or by modifying the gate
values above (gating is described more in detail in chapter 1.11.1).
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1.9.2 Horizontal B-Scan
The horizontal B-Scan is positioned to the right of the A-Scan, and below the C-Scan. The horizontal B-Scan
displays a horizontal cross-section at the position of the horizontal line in the C-Scan image.
1.10 3D View
Data from the Time-of-Flight scan is used to give a 3D representation of the material and any defects.
3D image is available in view:All and otherwise enabled by pushing 3D button in the other views. The image
can be zoomed, panned or rotated using the mouse or screen touch.
Screen control:
Mouse wheel
Scroll in or out
Hold left mouse button
Pan
Hold right mouse button
Rotate
Cube in lower, right corner; U, D
View from upside or bottom
Cube in lower, right corner; F, B
View from front or back
Cube in lower, right corner; L, R
View from left or right
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1.11 DolphiCam Settings & Functionality
1.11.1 Start Gate and End Gate
Setting your gate enables you to study a specific depth of your material.
The start and end gate can be set between -0.38 mm and 8.8 mm (CF08) or 18.38mm (CF16).
The gates can be set in different ways:
· Entering a specific depth in the Start Gate and End Gate fields respectively, or
· Adjusting the gates using the + (plus) and – (minus) buttons on each side of the Gate Value field, or
· Click the mouse in the vertical B-Scan to get your desired gate. If the cursor is closest to the Start
Gate line, the Start Gate value will be adjusted. If the cursor is closest to the End Gate line, the End
Gate value will be adjusted.
NOTE:
·
·
·
·
The gate values will take effect in your next image.
Amplitude image and Time-of-Flight image have separate Start Gate and End Gate settings.
With the “2 x C-Scan” view, the start and end gates are adjusted in the A-Scan
With “All” View, the user can switch between the Amp and ToF Start and End Gate by clicking on the
buttons at the left of the Vertical B-Scan (see image below).
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1.11.1.1 Multiple Gates
Both C-Scan ToF and C-Scan amplitude has up to 3 separate gates, enabling you to inspect several different
sections of your material and ignore other sections. Each gate has their own amplitude threshold (view
chapter 1.11.2).
In the C-Scan only views (1 x C-scan, 2 x C-Scan), the gating is available in the A-Scan in bottom of GUI as
shown below. In this view the control buttons and numbers are not available.
1.11.2 Amplitude Threshold
The blue horizontal line in the A-Scan sets the amplitude threshold (0-100%). All signal amplitudes below
the threshold will be ignored:
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Amplitude threshold for 3 gates:
For C-Scan Amplitude and B-Scan images:
· All signal amplitudes below the lowest amplitude threshold will be interpreted as the same value as
the threshold value.
For C-Scan TOF and 3D image:
· All signal amplitudes below the lowest amplitude threshold will be ignored and given the color grey.
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1.11.3 Color Focus
By default, the DolphiCam will spread colors in the palette evenly over 0-100% in Amplitude Images and
over the complete depth in TOF image.
By using the Color Focus Slide Bar to the right of the C-Scan, it is possible to focus the colors in a smaller part
of the color scale. The color focus is possible for both amplitude images (%) and Time of Flight images
(depth – mm/inches/mils).
There is a top slider and bottom slider to control the color focus. You can also move the selected color focus
by click-and-hold in between the top and bottom slider and drag your color focus area up and down.
Time-of-Flight Color Focus
In Time-of-Flight image, all colors above the top slider will be given the color of the top slider, and all values
below the bottom slider will be given the value of the bottom slider.
Amplitude Color Focus
In all amplitude images (C-Scan and B-Scan), all colors above the top slider will be given the color of the top
slider, and all values below the bottom slider will be given the value of the bottom slider.
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1.11.4 Measurement in C-Scan
Measuring can be done when measuring line button is activated. You can measure by
left-clicking drag-and-hold*.
*You can add up to 10 measure lines.
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1.11.5 Depth Measurement in B-Scan
If measure control is enabled (
) you can measure by left-clicking drag-and-hold in any of the B-scans,
you can measure the depth and the size of the defect. This is useful for measuring the size of material
defects. You can add up to 10 measure lines in each of the B-Scans.
1.11.6 Unit
Sets the units for the system.
Setting
Unit
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
Millimeters (mm) - default
·
Inches (in)
·
Mils (1/1000 inches)
1.11.7 Material depth
Limits the material thickness to be examined.
Sets the depth scales for A-Scan and B-Scan.
Also, this affects the color distribution in C-Scan TOF. It is recommended to set the Material Depth to just
include your back wall echo, as this takes advantage of all the colors in your palette.
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Setting
Material depth
CF08
Input
Use slider; select an approximate material
thickness in the range:
·
1.1 – 8.8 mm, or
·
0.044 – 0.317 inches, or
·
44 – 317 mils
Material depth
CF16
Use slider; select an approximate material
thickness in the range:
·
1.1 – 18.4 mm, or
·
0.044 – 0.723 inches, or
·
44-723 mils
1.11.8 Number of Amplitude Gates
C-Scan Amplitude can have 1, 2, or 3 gates to inspect one or several sections of your material.
Setting
Number of
Amplitude Gates
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
1
·
2
·
3
To control each gate, simply click closest to the start or end gate you want to control to activate this gate.
You can also select the gate by writing or scrolling in the small gate-index window between the Start Gate
box and End Gate box.
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1.11.9 Number of ToF Gates
C-Scan Time-Of-Flight can have 1, 2, or 3 gates to inspect one or several sections of your material.
Setting
Number of ToF
Gates
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
1
·
2
·
3
To control each gate, simply click closest to the start or end gate you want to control to activate this gate.
You can also select the gate by writing or scrolling in the small gate-index window between the Start Gate
box and End Gate box.
1.11.10 Material Sound of Speed
Sound of speed in m/s or ft/s for the material.
Setting
Material sound of
speed
Input
Set value:
·
Enter numeric value (default=3000
m/s) for the material to be examined
1.11.11 Transmitting Elements
The transmitting energy can be adjusted using different number of transmitting elements (1-8).
Transmitting a higher number of elements gives higher energy and focus at higher depths.
Transmitting fewer elements gives less energy but might give higher resolution for very thin composite
materials.
Note that the transmitting elements are aligned next to each other along an array in the vertical direction.
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The default number of transmitting elements is 4 for CF08 and 8 for CF16.
Setting
Transmitting
elements
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
1
·
2
·
3
·
4 – default (for CF08)
·
5
·
6
·
7
·
8 – default (for CF16)
1.11.12 Analog Gain
Easy analog gain control to raise/lower the gain in receiver electronics. When TCG (time corrected gain), is
enabled, the analog gain control will raise/lower the complete TCG profile.
Setting
Analog Gain
Input
Control with +/- buttons:
·
Range 1.3 dB to 50,8 dB (MarkI)
Range 24,9dB to 74,5dB (MarkII)
(Default: Different default gain
adapted for each transmitting
pulse shape)
When mixing gain settings between MarkI & MarkII hardware, the gain will “snap” into the closes possible
gain.
(Ref: Application Notes on http://www.dolphitech.com/support/ .
(“Application Note 07 - Gain Compatibility Mark I & Mark II”)
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1.11.13 Number of Averages
Noise reduction strategy. You can choose how many averages the system runs on each transducer element.
A lower number of averages gives you slightly poorer Signal-to-Nose ratio, but a higher frame rate.
Setting
Number of averages
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
·
·
·
1 (gives higher frame rate)
2 - Default: Noise reduction
based on 2 ultrasound samples.
The noise reduction is good, but
the frame rate is higher; ~4
images per second for CF08, ~2
images per second for CF16
4: Noise reduction based on 4
ultrasound samples. This noise
reduction is higher, at the cost of
a lower frame rate; ~2 images
per second for CF08, and ~1
image per second for CF16
8 (gives higher SNR)
1.11.14 Transmitting Pulse Shape
DolphiCam has 8 different user selectable transmitting pulse shapes for CF08 and 4 different pulses for
CF16. Each pulse shape has an adapted digital filter. The combination of the nature of the pulse shape and
the adapted digital filtering makes each pulse special in the sense of different parameters, such as Signal-toNoise ratio, pulse length, etc. Each of the different pulse shapes has different qualities that makes them
suitable for different material, material thickness, size of defect, etc.
Setting
Transmitting Pulse
Shape CF08
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
1 - default
·
2
·
3
·
4
·
5
·
6
·
7
·
8
Transmitting Pulse
Shape CF16
Select from dropdown list:
·
1 - default
·
2
·
3
·
4
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1.11.15 Time Corrected Gain
Gain adjustment (analog) as a function of time/depth. With time corrected gain, it is possible to adjust the
amplification (or dampening) of signals at a specific depth. The system has 5 different preset ramp-ups and
can also be set custom.
Setting
Time Corrected
Gain (Mark I)
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
Off – default
·
0.46 dB/µs (Preset 1)
·
0.69 dB/µs (Preset 2)
·
1.38 dB/µs (Preset 3)
·
2.76 dB/µs (Preset 4)
·
4.13 dB/µs (Preset 5)
·
Custom (edit settings)
Time Corrected
Gain (Mark II)
Select from dropdown list:
·
Off – default
·
0.46 dB/µs (Preset 1)
·
0.50 dB/µs
·
0.69 dB/µs (Preset 2)
·
1.00 dB/µs
·
1.38 dB/µs (Preset 3)
·
1.50 dB/µs
·
2.00 dB/µs
·
2.50 dB/µs
·
2.76 dB/µs (Preset 4)
·
3.00 dB/µs
·
3.50 dB/µs
·
4.00 dB/µs
·
4.13 dB/µs (Preset 5)
·
Custom (edit settings)
Except for Custom Preset, the Time Corrected Gain can only be viewed, not edited.
Note the maximum gain for DolphiCam:
- Mark I hardware has maximum gain is 50,8 dB (hardware version 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11)
- Mark II hardware has maximum gain is 74,5dB (hardware version 8 & 12)
When using TCG curves, the user must observe and be aware if gain reaches maximum allowable gain!
(Ref: Application Notes on http://www.dolphitech.com/support/.
(“Application Note 06 – Maximum gain for MarkI Hardware”)
When mixing TCG settings between MarkI & MarkII hardware, the gain will “snap” into the closes possible
TCG curve.
(Ref: Application Notes on http://www.dolphitech.com/support/.
(“Application Note 07 - Gain Compatibility Mark I & Mark II”)
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1.11.16 Editing Custom Gain Values
Open Time Corrected Gain Settings by selecting “Custom” from the drop-down menu and click the “Edit”
button. (Click Edit).
Adjust the gain at a specific depth by clicking and dragging its handle (blue button) vertically.
The values along the top horizontal bar shows the analog gain [dB] set at the respective time in your A-scan.
The TCG time interval is 0,9375µs between each gain setting. There is a maximum limit of ~10 dB step
between two points (0,9375 µs) to ensure stability in the electronics.
Detailed Custom TCG:
There is also a detailed TCG option that can be enabled by checking the “Detailed” box. You then get twice
as many TCG points 0,46875 µs apart. The maximum limit of ~10 dB per step is then valid between two
detailed points (0,46875 µs).
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1.11.17 Time of flight Palette
User selectable color palette for TOF images.
Setting
Time of flight
Palette
Input
Select from dropdown list a color palette.
Default is JetColorPalette
1.11.18 Amplitude/B-Scan palette
User selectable color palette for Amplitude and B-Scan images.
Setting
Amplitude/B-Scan
palette
Input
Select from dropdown list a color palette.
Default is JetColorPalette
1.11.19 Custom palettes
By clicking the “Manage” button, the user can add their own Custom Color Palette File.
The color palette file format must be a *.txt file and should have 256 rows of decimal RGB values (Red
Green Blue values). Examples of a color palette can be found at http://www.dolphitech.com/support/. Your
added color palette will occur in the drop down menu of “Time of Flight Palette” and “Amplitude / B-Scan
Palette” with the same name as your filename. An example of the beginning and end of a color palette file is
shown below.
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Color palette file example:
255 255 255
254 254 254
253 253 253
252 252 252
…
…
…
4 4 4
3 3 3
2 2 2
1 1 1
0 0 0
1.11.20 Amplitude Auto Color Focus
Automatically calculate and apply the complete color spectrum in the image. If this option is selected, user
selected color focus is not possible – and the color focus selector is removed from the edge of the C-Scan.
Setting
Amplitude auto
color focus
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
On
·
Off – default
1.11.21 Stitching Overlap
DolphiCam has a manual stitching functionality described in chapter 1.12. The overlap between the stitched
images can be controlled by the Stitching Overlap slider. The number in parenthesis shows the distance
from center-to-center between each C-Scan frame. This number can help you set a grid for your material for
inspection.
1.11.22 C-Scan Capture Method
The C-Scan images (Amplitude & Time-Of-Flight) are based on the amplitude and time of the maximum
amplitude of reflected pulse within your set gate. The user can control if the system should capture the
maximum absolute value, maximum positive value, or maximum negative value.
Setting
Capture Method
Input
Select from dropdown list:
·
Max Absolute
·
Max Positive
·
Max Negative
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1.11.23 ToF Statistical Mode
ToF Statistical Mode is an algorithm that will smoothens your streaming ToF C-Scan image and makes it less
sensitive for movement of the camera and will give you better results and stability where your reflected
pulse is close to the noise floor or you have a complex combination of reflections (f.ex. for drilled hole
inspection). This works especially well when enabling drilled hole inspection (region of interest which gives a
much higher frame rate).
Default setting: 1 images (no effect)
So this is how it works:
The user can control how many samples included in the ToF statistical mode algorithm. For each transducer
element, the algorithm will select the ToF value that occurs the most within the number of samples set. If
set to 1 sample, the algorithm only uses the most recent image, which is the same as if the algorithm is not
enabled.
Below is shown an explanation of one transducer element where algorithm is set to use 10 samples. As you
can see, the value 303 is what occurs the most. The color in your ToF C-Scan image for that transducer
element will then only represent the value 303 and will completely ignore the other values.
1.11.24 Amp Running Average
The Amp Running Average is a common image processing algorithm and will also smoothen your streaming
amplitude C-Scan image by using information from previous images. It creates a “delay” in your amplitude
C-Scan.
Default setting: 1 Alpha (no effect)
The algorithm is controlled by the unit Alpha. Alpha is the “forgetful factor” which regulates the update
speed of the image - how fast the accumulator “forgets” about earlier images. If alpha is set to 1.00, it
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means that the algorithm forgets all previous images and only uses the most recent image, which is the
same as if the algorithm was not enabled.
1.11.25 Drilled Hole Inspection
Drilled hole inspection enables you to inspect drilled holes robust, fast and effectively. What it does is to
only use a selected region of interest in the middle of the transducer. It only runs through ~3300 transducer
elements instead of all 15376 elements (view figure below for explanatory figure). This gives you a faster
frame rate which gives the user fast feedback and enables him/her to find the correct area of inspection and
adapted pressure to camera on the hole. The fast frame rate is very beneficial when using the image
algorithms, ToF Statistical Mode and Amp Running Average.
Another benefit with the reduced region of interest, is that it is even easier to obtain coupling over the
complete are of interest.
To activate the drilled hole inspection:
- PC mode: <Tools><Drilled Hole Inspection>
-
Tablet mode:
1.11.26 Drilled Hole Measurement Tool
When enabling the drilled hole inspection, the drilled hole measurement tool is available.
To enable to the measurement tool, open the settings window and push the <Drilled Hole Measurement>
button.
Once enabled, you will get the measurement circles and lines overlaying your C-Scan images, and a control
and result GUI will pop up as shown below.
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There is an inner circle and outer circle. The inner circle is used as a reference of your actual hole. The outer
circle is to set your maximum allowable defect zone, or to actually measure the size of your defect. The
circles can be controlled either by click-and-drag inside the C-Scan or by pushing the +/- control buttons in
the measurement control interface. The aligning of the circles can be moved around in the C-Scan either my
click-and-drag inside the inner circle or the help circle on bottom right corner. Lastly, you can set the angle
that embraces the defect. This is also controlled either by click-and-drag the lines inside the circles, or by
using the control interface. Once you have aligned your circles and set the correct size/angle on your circles
and lines, you can read out the size parameters.
Radial Damage size:
- Distance between the inner and outer circle.
Circumferential arc
- Length of arc between the two lines on outer circle
Circumferential angle:
- Angle between the two lines.
The user can also change the color of the measurement circles and lines using the color scheme.
1.11.27 A-Scan Envelope
The user can select whether he wants the A-Scan to be displayed with or without the envelope function
respectively (see images below). When disabling A-Scan envelope, notice that the pulse then is centered
around the middle of the A-Scan view and the scales is changed with reference 0 % in the middle of the
view. The amplitude threshold line is then always referenced at 0% (bottom of A-scan view when envelope
is enabled and middle of the A-Scan view when envelope is disabled).
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1.11.28 Save
The current settings are stored to the DolphiCam Profiles folder with a .DolphiCam file extension.
See Controlling DolphiCam Settings (chapter 1.14) for more information.
Setting
Save settings…
Input
The current settings are stored to the
DolphiCam Profiles folder with a .DolphiCam
file extension.
1.11.29 Load
Load settings from the DolphiCam Profiles folder with a .DolphiCam file extension.
Setting
Load settings…
Input
Load settings from the DolphiCam Profiles
folder with a .DolphiCam file extension.
1.11.30 Reset
Resets all settings to default values.
1.11.31 Close
Close the DolphiCam settings window (in PC Mode). Tablet Mode only allows to show/hide the Camera
settings by clicking of the arrow button:
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1.12 Manual Stitching
Manual stitching is a powerful and effective way to create larger images made of multiple C-Scans. To start
manual stitching:
· PC Mode: go to <Tools><Manual Stitching>. To leave stitching mode and go back to main window
go to <Tools><Exit Stitching>.
·
Tablet Mode: Click on the following button:
One way of using stitching mode, is to simply start taking your first image and click one of the arrows
around your C-scan to continue stitching in the direction you choose. Each tile in the stitch is as big as the
transducer front (31x31mm). The tiles overlap by 6mm (default), which means that the tiles (center-tocenter) are 25mm (~1 inch) apart. The stitching overlap can be adjusted in settings. The camera should be
oriented in the same angle for each image taken (this is relatively easy). If your C-scan images are not
perfectly aligned, simply move them around with your mouse or arrows on your keyboard (view top image
below). You can also control the overlap on images by right-clicking and selecting “Bring to front”, or “Send
to back” (view bottom image below).
35
36
When inspecting a larger predefined area, the easiest way to stich is to use the sequence mode. First you
click the arrows on your stitching image until you have covered the desired area. Then simply click on the
sequence button , and your sequence will displayed for you. Whenever you click to freeze your C-scan
image, the image moves to the next tile in your stitch. To view your complete scan, increase the number of
tiles in your view by clicking on the +/- button or enter the number of tiles desired.
Click on the measure line button
to enable measure lines. Right click on your mouse and drag to add
your measure lines (while measure lines are enabled, the “Bring to Front/Send to back” function is
disabled).
To reset your stitching procedure, click the reset button
your view, measure lines, and sequence.
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. All your images will then be deleted, as well as
Stitching tip:
If you set your stich overlap to 25mm (~1 inch) apart, you can prepare your measurement by marking your
material for inspection with dots 25mm (~1 inch) apart in all directions, either by using a ruler or f.ex. a
silicon sheet with pre-cut holes in it.
Using these predefined marks, you can easily aim at them using one of the lines in DolphiCam housing.
Doing this really simplifies and speed up your inspection.
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1.13 Menu Items
Menu
File menu
Item
Save Images
Description
Creates a ZIP file containing:
·
TimeOfFlight.[png|tif|bmp|jpg]
·
AScan.[png|tif|bmp|jpg]
·
BScanVertical.[png|tif|bmp|jpg]
·
BScanHorizontal.[png|tif|bmp|jpg]
·
CameraSettings.txt
Tools menu
Take Screenshot
Copy to Clipboard
Export C-scan to NDT-kit
DolphiCam settings…
Manual Stitching…
User Guide (PDF)
About DolphiCam…
Creates a [png|tif|bmp|jpg] image of main window.
Copies screenshot to clipboard (Ctrl-C also works)
Export C-scan to NDT-kit file format
Open DolphiCam settings (page 17)
Enters manual stitching mode (page 35)
Opens the User Guide (PDF format).
Display serial number, camera description, software version,
firmware version, hardware version, and camera type.
Opens the link to DolphiTech support page.
Help menu
Support…
1.14 Controlling DolphiCam Settings
DolphiCam settings are configured using Tools > DolphiCam Settings. Settings are stored in separate setting
files. This makes it easy to handle different settings for different NDT scenarios. Some settings are
controlled in the main window; amplitude threshold, gate-values, color focus, C-Scan image selection.
·
·
Save settings…
o Save settings to a settings file
Load settings…
o Load settings from a settings file
Setting files are stored in the Profiles folder, located in
C:\Users\Public\Documents\DolphiCam\Profiles folder (Windows 7), and have a .DolphiCam extension.
DolphiCam can be started with a setting file as a startup parameter:
<path to dolphicam.exe>\dolphicam.exe <.DolphiCam file>
Example: Start DolphiCam with the settings file impact01.DolphiCam located in the default setting folder:
C:\Users\Public\Documents\DolphiCam\Profiles\DolphiCam.exe impact01.DolphiCam
2. Technical Specifications
Dimensions
115 x 170 x 68 mm / 4.5” x 6.7” x 2.7”
Weight
0.470 kg / 1.04 lbs.
Detection and inspection
Transducer
CFRP composite materials < 8 mm thickness for CF08 and < 16mm for CF16
31 mm x 31 mm capture size
124x124 elements, 16 elements/mm2 over 31 x 31 mm
Power
Re-chargeable Li-ion battery
Charging
Charger or USB. Nominal charge 1.1 A
Battery charger
Artesyn DA 12-050MP-M (included)
39
Battery rating
Li Ion 3.6V 6200 mAh (internal battery)
Battery life
≈ 5 hours of continuous scanning
Communication
USB 1.1 / 2.0
Operating temperature
0˚ to 40˚ C / 32˚ to 104˚ F
Storage temperature
-20˚ to 65˚ C / -4˚ to 149˚ F
Max altitude
< 18.000 m (maximum operating altitude)
Pollution degree
Pollution degree 2
Ingress Protection
IP54 (Protection for dust and splashing water from all sides)
EMC
EN 61326:1997+A1:1998+A2:2000+A3:2003 / FCC Subpart 15
Electrical safety
EN/IEC 61010-1:2001
Software and Display
PC and Tablet devices running Windows XP SP3 and later or Windows 8.
PC/tablet is not included.
Automatic firmware and software updates.
3. Troubleshooting
Problem
Camera will not work
The camera gets warm
Resolution
·
Make sure the camera is connected to the USB port.
·
Try to restart the DolphiCam software.
·
Try to connect/reconnect the camera to the PC.
·
Charge the camera using the DolphiCam charger.
·
·
·
Low battery life
·
·
The camera will get warm during normal operation.
Make sure that the camera isn’t scanning images when you don’t intend to.
Visually check that the Scan LED is out or red before you put the camera away.
Always turn the camera OFF when you don’t use it, or it is stored in the case.
Make sure that the camera isn’t scanning images when you don’t intend to.
Visually check that the Scan LED is out or red before you put the camera away.
Always turn the camera OFF when you don’t use it, or it is stored in the case.
DolphiCam will not work
on the Windows emulator
on Mac, Linux or similar
·
DolphiCam is only supported on native MS Windows systems. DolphiTech gives
no guarantees, or give any support on MS Windows emulating software.
Camera housing or cables
are damaged
·
·
Do not use the camera.
Send it back to the supplier for repair
Noisy or unclear images
·
·
·
Make sure the object is clean.
Clean the transducer pad.
Try using contact gel or water to improve coupling.
Noise in the picture
·
·
·
·
Tune the scanning and/or camera setting.
Use coupling water or gel.
Clean the Transducer Pad
Check Transducer Pad for damages. A camera with a damaged Transducer Pad
must be repaired.
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4. Installing Software
Insert the USB stick in your computer. Navigate to the USB disk in Windows Explorer, and start the setup
application. Follow the instructions.
Read, and agree to the license terms. Click Install.
Installation will start.
Setup will determine if an updated version of .NET needs to be installed.
Microsoft .NET will be updated, in the background if necessary.
DolphiCam USB drivers will also be installed in the background.
Close DolphiCam setup. Restart the computer if asked to do so.
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Setup is complete!
42
5. Handling, Safety & Support
5.1 Cleaning the DolphiCam
Cleaning the DolphiCam housing Clean DolphiCam immediately if it comes in contact with anything that may cause
stains—such as dirt, ink, paint or oil. Turn Off the DolphiCam and disconnect it from the PC. Wipe it off/clean it with a
soft, lint-free cloth moistened with mild soap water. Remove the protective cap, and carefully clean around the
Transducer Pad. Do not clean the silicone directly, as it will be cleaned separately. Do not use solvents of any kind.
Avoid getting dirt into openings. Don’t use aggressive cleaning products or compressed air. Put the protective cap back
on.
Cleaning the Transducer Turn the DolphiCam Off, and disconnect it from the PC. Remove the protective cap. Clean
the DolphiCam housing first, see above. Put a drop of mild dishwasher soap on the transducer pad and rub it gently
with the tip of your finger. Dip your finger in water and rub on pad until soap is gone. Make sure the Transducer Pad
isn’t scratched or damaged. Moist a soft, lint-free cloth with water and wipe off excessive water carefully. Put the
protective cap back on.
5.2 Important safety information
Charger Only use a charger specifically designed for your DolphiCam.
Repairing Don’t open DolphiCam and don’t attempt to repair DolphiCam by yourself. Disassembling DolphiCam may
cause injury to you or damage to DolphiCam, and will void all guarantee. If DolphiCam is damaged or malfunctions,
contact DolphiTech or a DolphiTech Authorized Service Provider. You can find more information about getting service
at www.dolphitech.com.
Explosive atmospheres Do not charge or use DolphiCam in any area with a potentially explosive atmosphere, such as
at a fueling area, or in areas where the air contains chemicals or particles (such as grain, dust, or metal powders). Obey
all signs and instructions.
Battery Don’t attempt to replace the DolphiCam battery yourself—you may damage the battery, which could cause
overheating and injury. The lithium-ion battery in DolphiCam should be replaced only by DolphiTech or a DolphiTech
Authorized Service Provider, and must be recycled or disposed of separately from household waste. Don’t incinerate
the battery. For information about battery recycling and replacement, go to www.dolphitech.com.
Handling Handle DolphiCam with care. It is made of metal and plastic and has sensitive electronic components inside.
DolphiCam can be damaged if dropped, burned, punctured, or crushed or if it comes in contact with excessive amounts
of liquid. Don’t use a damaged DolphiCam, such as one with a cracked housing, as it may cause injury. Keep the
protective cap in place whenever the camera is not taking pictures. Store and transport the camera in the flight case.
Using connectors, ports, and buttons The USB connector should only be connected to protected Class III circuits.
Never force a connector into a port or apply excessive pressure to a button, because this may cause damage that is not
covered under the warranty. If the connector and port don’t join with reasonable ease, they probably don’t match.
Check for obstructions and make sure that the connector matches the port and that you have positioned the
connector correctly in relation to the port.
Operating temperature DolphiCam is designed to work in ambient temperatures between 32° and 104° F (0° and
40° C) and stored in temperatures between -4° and 149° F (-20° and 65° C). DolphiCam can be damaged and battery life
shortened if stored or operated outside of these temperature ranges. Avoid exposing DolphiCam to dramatic changes
in temperature or humidity. When you’re using DolphiCam or charging the battery, it is normal for DolphiCam to get
warm.
Choking hazard Some DolphiCam accessories may present a choking hazard to small children. Keep these accessories
away from small children.
5.3 DolphiCam Support
Comprehensive support information is available online at www.dolphitech.com.
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5.4 Disposal and recycling information
Your DolphiCam must be disposed of properly according to local laws and regulations. Because it contains a battery,
DolphiCam must be disposed of separately from household waste. When your DolphiCam reaches its end of life,
contact DolphiTech or your local authorities to learn about recycling options.
Battery replacement: The lithium-ion battery in DolphiCam should be replaced only by DolphiTech or a DolphiTech
Authorized Service Provider, and must be recycled or disposed of separately from household waste. For information
about battery recycling and replacement, go to www.dolphitech.com/support.
European Union—Disposal Information
The symbol above means that according to local laws and regulations your product and/or its battery shall be disposed
of separately from household waste. When this product reaches its end of life, take it to a collection point designated
by local authorities. The separate collection and recycling of your product and/or its battery at the time of disposal will
help conserve natural resources and ensure that it is recycled in a manner that protects human health and the
environment.
6. License terms
View License terms in “License Information” link in “About DolphiCam” window.
DolphiTech AS
Building 1, Raufoss Industrial Park
N-2830 Raufoss
Norway
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.dolphitech.com
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