User`s Manual - TOSHIBA FORUMS

User`s Manual - TOSHIBA FORUMS
User’s Manual
M9
computers.toshiba-europe.com
M9
ii
User’s Manual
M9
Copyright
© 2007 by TOSHIBA Corporation. All rights reserved. Under the copyright
laws, this manual cannot be reproduced in any form without the prior
written permission of TOSHIBA. No patent liability is assumed, with respect
to the use of the information contained herein.
TOSHIBA M9 Portable Personal Computer User’s Manual
First edition April 2007
Copyright authority for music, movies, computer programs, databases and
other intellectual property covered by copyright laws belongs to the author
or to the copyright owner. Copyrighted material can be reproduced only for
personal use or use within the home. Any other use beyond that stipulated
above (including conversion to digital format, alteration, transfer of copied
material and distribution on a network) without the permission of the
copyright owner is a violation of copyright or author’s rights and is subject
to civil damages or criminal action. Please comply with copyright laws in
making any reproduction from this manual.
Disclaimer
This manual has been validated and reviewed for accuracy. The instructions
and descriptions it contains are accurate for the TOSHIBA M9 Portable
Personal Computer at the time of this manual’s production. However,
succeeding computers and manuals are subject to change without notice.
TOSHIBA assumes no liability for damages incurred directly or indirectly
from errors, omissions or discrepancies between the computer and the
manual.
Trademarks
IBM is a registered trademark and IBM PC is a trademark of International
Business Machines Corporation.
Intel, Intel SpeedStep, Intel Core and Centrino are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Intel Corporation.
Windows and Microsoft are registered trademarks and Windows Vista is a
trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Bluetooth is a trademark or registered trademark owned by its proprietor
and used by TOSHIBA under license.
InterVideo and WinDVD are registered trademarks of InterVideo Inc.
Photo CD is a trademark of Eastman Kodak.
i.LINK is trademark and registered trademark of Sony Corporation.
Other trademarks and registered trademarks not listed above may be used
in this manual.
User’s Manual
iii
M9
EU Declaration of Conformity
TOSHIBA declares, that this product conforms to the following Standards:
Supplementary
Information:
“The product complies with the requirements of the
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC, the EMC Directive
89/336/EEC and/or the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC.”
This product is carrying the CE-Mark in accordance with the related
European Directives. The party responsible for CE-Marking is TOSHIBA
Europe GmbH, Hammfelddamm 8, 41460 Neuss, Germany.
The complete and official EU Declaration of Conformity can be found on
TOSHIBA’s web site http://epps.toshiba-teg.com on the Internet.
Modem warning notice
Conformity Statement
The equipment has been approved to [Commission Decision “CTR21”] for
pan-European single terminal connection to the Public Switched Telephone
Network (PSTN).
However, due to differences between the individual PSTNs provided in
different countries/regions the approval does not, of itself, give an
unconditional assurance of successful operation on every PSTN network
termination point.
In the event of problems, you should contact your equipment supplier in the
first instance.
Network Compatibility Statement
This product is designed to work with, and is compatible with the following
networks. It has been tested to and found to conform with the additional
requirements conditional in EG 201 121.
Germany
ATAAB AN005,AN006,AN007,AN009,AN010
and DE03,04,05,08,09,12,14,17
Greece
ATAAB AN005,AN006 and GR01,02,03,04
Portugal
ATAAB AN001,005,006,007,011 and
P03,04,08,10
Spain
ATAAB AN005,007,012, and ES01
Switzerland
ATAAB AN002
All other countries/regions ATAAB AN003,004
Specific switch settings or software setup are required for each network,
please refer to the relevant sections of the user guide for more details.
The hookflash (timed break register recall) function is subject to separate
national type approvals. It has not been tested for conformity to national
type regulations, and no guarantee of successful operation of that specific
function on specific national networks can be given.
iv
User’s Manual
M9
Following information is only for EU-member states:
The use of the symbol indicates that this product may not be treated as
household waste. By ensuring this product is disposed of correctly, you will
help prevent potential negative consequences for the environment and
human health, which could otherwise be caused by inappropriate waste
handling of this product. For more detailed information about recycling of
this product, please contact your local city office, your household waste
disposal service or the shop where you purchased the product.
This symbol may not stick depending on the country and region where you
purchased.
Description on Laser specification
The optical disc drive such as DVD Super Multi drive that is used in this
computer is equipped with laser. The classification label with the following
sentence is affixed to the surface of the drive.
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
LASER KLASSE 1
LUOKAN 1 LASERLAITE
APPAREIL A LASER DE CLASSE 1
KLASS 1 LASER APPARAT
The drive with the above label is certified by the manufacturer that the drive
complies with the requirement for laser product on the date of
manufacturing pursuant to article 21 of Code of Federal Regulations by the
United States of America, Department of Health & Human Services, Food
and Drug Administration.
In other countries, the drive is certified to comply with the requirement
pursuant to IEC 60825-1 and EN 60825-1 on class 1 laser product.
This computer is equipped with the optical disc drive in the following list
according to the model.
User’s Manual
Manufacturer
Type
Panasonic
UJ-852
v
M9
vi
User’s Manual
M9
Table of Contents
Preface
General Precautions
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Equipment checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
System Recovery Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Chapter 2
The Grand Tour
Front with the display closed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Underside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Front with the display open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Optical disc drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
AC adaptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Chapter 3
Hardware, Utilities and Options
Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Special features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
TOSHIBA Value Added Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Utilities and Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Optional devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Optional accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-36
Chapter 4
Operating Basics
TOSHIBA Dual Pointing Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Using the Fingerprint Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Changing Ultra Slim Bay modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Using optical disc drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Writing CD/DVDs on DVD Super Multi drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Media care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Sound System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
User’s Manual
vii
M9
Modem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Wireless communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-29
LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Computer Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
Using the Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-36
Heat dispersal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-38
Chapter 5
The Keyboard
Typewriter keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Function keys: F1 … F12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Soft keys: Fn key combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Hot keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
Windows special keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
Keypad overlay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
Generating ASCII characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-7
Chapter 6
Power and Power-Up Modes
Power conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-1
Monitoring of power condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
TOSHIBA Password Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-10
Power-up modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Panel power on/off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
System Auto Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Chapter 7
HW Setup & BIOS Setup
Accessing HW Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-1
HW Setup window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-1
BIOS Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7
Chapter 8
Troubleshooting
Problem solving process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-1
Hardware and system checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-3
TOSHIBA support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-21
Appendix A
Specifications
Physical Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Appendix B
Display Controller and Video mode
Display controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Video mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Appendix C
Wireless LAN
Card Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
Radio Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
Supported Frequency Sub-bands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
viii
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix D
AC Power Cord and Connectors
Appendix E
Intel® Matrix Storage Manager
Manually Setting up Windows (Windows Vista™). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
Manually Setting up Windows Manually (Windows XP) . . . . . . . . . . E-2
How to install Intel® Matrix Storage Manager on Windows XP or
Windows Vista™. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-3
Appendix F
Legal Footnotes
Appendix G
If your computer is stolen
Glossary
Index
User’s Manual
ix
M9
x
User’s Manual
M9
Preface
Congratulations on your purchase of the M9 series computer. This powerful
notebook computer provides excellent expansion capability, includes
multimedia functionality, and is designed to provide years of reliable,
high-performance computing.
This manual tells how to set up and begin using your M9 computer. It also
provides detailed information on configuring your computer, basic
operations and care, using optional devices and troubleshooting.
If you are a new user of computers or if you’re new to portable computing,
first read over the Chapter 1, Getting Started and Chapter 3, Hardware,
Utilities and Options chapters to familiarize yourself with the computer’s
features, components and accessory devices.
If you are an experienced computer user, please continue reading the
preface to learn how this manual is organized, then become acquainted
with this manual by browsing through its pages. Be sure to read the Special
features section in Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options to learn
about features that are uncommon or unique to this computer, as well as
the section on Chapter 7, HW Setup & BIOS Setup, to understand how to
setup and configure these features.
Read Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options if connecting optional
products or external devices.
Conventions
This manual uses the following formats to describe, identify, and highlight
terms and operating procedures.
Abbreviations
On first appearance, and whenever necessary for clarity, abbreviations are
enclosed in parentheses following their definition. For example: Read Only
Memory (ROM). Acronyms are also defined in the Glossary.
Icons
Icons identify ports, dials, and other parts of your computer. The indicator
panel also uses icons to identify the components it is providing information
on.
User’s Manual
xi
M9
Keys
The keyboard keys are used in the text to describe many computer
operations. A distinctive typeface identifies the key top symbols as they
appear on the keyboard. For example, Enter identifies the Enter key.
Key operation
Some operations require you to simultaneously use two or more keys.
We identify such operations by the key top symbols separated by a plus
sign (+). For example, Ctrl + C means you must hold down Ctrl and at the
same time press C. If three keys are used, hold down the first two and at
the same time press the third.
ABC
When procedures require an action such as
clicking an icon or entering text, the icon’s name
or the text you are to type in is represented in the
typeface you see to the left.
Display
S
ABC
Names of windows or icons or text generated by
the computer that appear on its display screen
are presented in the type face you see to the left.
Messages
Messages are used in this manual to bring important information to your
attention. Each type of message is identified as shown below.
Pay attention! A caution informs you that improper use of equipment or
failure to follow instructions may cause data loss or damage your
equipment.
Please read. A note is a hint or advice that helps you make best use of
your equipment.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which could result in death or
serious injury, if you do not follow instructions.
Terminology
This term is defined in this document as follows:
Start
xii
The word “Start” refers to the “
Microsoft® Windows Vista™.
“ button in
User’s Manual
M9
General Precautions
TOSHIBA computers are designed to optimize safety, minimize strain and
withstand the rigors of portability. However, certain precautions should be
observed to further reduce the risk of personal injury or damage to the
computer.
Be certain to read the general precautions below and to note the cautions
included in the text of the manual.
Creating a computer-friendly environment
Place the computer on a flat surface that is large enough for the computer
and any other items you are using, such as a printer.
Leave enough space around the computer and other equipment to provide
adequate ventilation. Otherwise, they may overheat.
To keep your computer in prime operating condition, protect your work area
from:
■ Dust, moisture, and direct sunlight.
■ Equipment that generates a strong electromagnetic field, such as
stereo speakers (other than speakers that are connected to the
computer) or speakerphones.
■ Rapid changes in temperature or humidity and sources of temperature
change such as air conditioner vents or heaters.
■ Extreme heat, cold, or humidity.
■ Liquids and corrosive chemicals.
Stress injury
Carefully read the Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort. It contains
information on the prevention of stress injuries to your hands and wrists
that can be caused by extensive keyboard use. Instruction Manual for
Safety and Comfort also includes information on work space design,
posture and lighting that can help reduce physical stress.
User’s Manual
xiii
M9
Heat injury
■ Avoid prolonged physical contact with the computer. If the computer is
used for long periods, its surface can become very warm. While the
temperature will not feel hot to the touch, if you maintain physical
contact with the computer for a long time, for example if you rest the
computer on your lap or if you keep your hands on the palm rest, your
skin might suffer a low-heat injury.
■ If the computer has been used for a long time, avoid direct contact with
the metal plate supporting the various interface ports as this can
become hot.
■ The surface of the AC adaptor can become hot when in use but this
condition does not indicate a malfunction. If you need to transport the
AC adaptor, you should disconnect it and let it cool before moving it.
■ Do not lay the AC adaptor on a material that is sensitive to heat as the
material could become damaged.
Pressure or impact damage
Do not apply heavy pressure to the computer or subject it to any form of
strong impact as this can damage the computer’s components or otherwise
cause it to malfunction.
PC Card overheating
Some PC Cards can become hot during prolonged use which may result in
errors or instability in the operation of the device in question. In addition,
you should also be careful when you remove a PC Card that has been
used for a long time.
Mobile phones
Please be aware that the use of mobile phones can interfere with the audio
system. The operation of the computer will not be impaired in any way, but
it is recommended that a minimum distance of 30 cm is maintained
between the computer and a mobile phone that is in use.
Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort
All important information on the safe and proper use of this computer is
described in the enclosed Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort.
Be sure to read it before using the computer.
xiv
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 1
Getting Started
This chapter provides an equipment checklist, and basic information to start
using your computer.
Some of the features described in this manual may not function properly if
you use an operating system that was not pre-installed by TOSHIBA.
Equipment checklist
Carefully unpack your computer, taking care to save the box and packaging
materials for future use.
Hardware
Check to make sure you have all the following items:
■ M9 Portable Personal Computer
■ AC adaptor and power cord (2-pin plug or 3-pin plug)
■ Battery pack (Installed or separate from the computer)
■ Extended Capacity Battery Pack (Is included with some models)
■ High Capacity Battery Pack (Is included with some models)
■ Spare AccuPoint (pointing device) cap
User’s Manual
1-1
M9
Software
The following Windows® operating system and utility software are
pre-installed.
■ Microsoft® Windows Vista™
■ TOSHIBA Value Added Package
■ DVD Video Player
■ TOSHIBA SD Memory Utilities
■ TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility
■ CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer
■ TOSHIBA Assist
■ TOSHIBA ConfigFree
■ TOSHIBA HDD Protection
■ TOSHIBA Disc Creator
■ Fingerprint Utility
■ Windows Mobility Center
Documentation
■ M9 Series User's Manual
■ M9 Series Quickstart
■ Microsoft® Windows Vista™ Quickstart Guide
(provided with some models)
■ Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort
■ Warranty information
Backup media and additional Software
■ Product Recovery DVD-ROM
■ Windows Anytime Upgrade DVD (Is included with some models)
If any of the items are missing or damaged, contact your dealer
immediately.
1-2
User’s Manual
M9
Getting Started
■ All users should be sure to read the section Starting up for the first time.
■ Be sure to read the enclosed Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort
for information on the safe and proper use of this computer. It is
intended to help you be more comfortable and productive while using a
notebook computer. By following the recommendations in it you may
reduce your chance of developing a painful or disabling injury to your
hand, arms, shoulders or neck.
This section provides basic information to start using your computer.
It covers the following topics:
■ Connecting the AC adaptor
■ Opening the display
■ Turning on the power
■ Starting up for the first time
■ Turning off the power
■ Restarting the computer
■ System Recovery Options
■ Use a virus-check program and make sure it is updated regularly.
■ Never format storage media without checking its content - formatting
destroys all stored data.
■ It is a good idea to periodically back up the internal hard disk drive or
other main storage device to external media. General storage media is
not durable or stable over long periods of time and under certain
conditions may result in data loss.
■ Before you install a device or application, save any data in memory to
the hard disk drive or other storage media. Failure to do so may result
in the loss of data.
User’s Manual
1-3
M9
Connecting the AC adaptor
Attach the AC adaptor when you need to charge the battery or you want to
operate from AC power. It is also the fastest way to get started, because
the battery pack will need to be charged before you can operate from
battery power.
The AC adaptor can be connected to any power source supplying from
100 to 240 volts and 50 or 60 hertz. For details on using the AC adaptor to
charge the battery pack, refer to Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes.
■ Always use the TOSHIBA AC adaptor that was included with your
computer, or use AC adaptors specified by TOSHIBA to avoid any risk
of fire or other damage to the computer. Use of an incompatible AC
adaptor could cause fire or damage to the computer possibly resulting
in serious injury. TOSHIBA assumes no liability for any damage caused
by use of an incompatible adaptor.
■ Never plug the AC adaptor into a power source that does not
correspond to both the voltage and the frequency specified on the
regulatory label of the unit. Failure to do so could result in a fire or
electric shock, possibly resulting in serious injury.
■ Always use or purchase power cables that comply with the legal
voltage and frequency specifications and requirements in the country of
use. Failure to do so could result in a fire or electric shock, possibly
resulting in serious injury.
■ The supplied power cord conforms to safety rules and regulations in
the region the product is bought and should not be used outside this
region. For use in other regions, please buy power cords that conform
to safety rules and regulations in the particular region.
■ Do not use a 3-pin to 2-pin conversion plug.
■ When you connect the AC adaptor to the computer, always follow the
steps in the exact order as described in the User’s Manual. Connecting
the power cable to a live electrical outlet should be the last step
otherwise the adaptor DC output plug could hold an electrical charge
and cause an electrical shock or minor bodily injury when touched.
As a general safety precaution, avoid touching any metal parts.
■ Never place your computer or AC adaptor on a wooden surface,
furniture, or any other surface that could be marred by exposure to heat
since the computer base and AC adaptor’s surface increase in
temperature during normal use.
■ Always place your computer or AC adaptor on a flat and hard surface
that is resistant to heat damage.
Refer to the enclosed Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort for
detailed precautions and handling instructions.
1-4
User’s Manual
M9
1. Connect the power cord to the AC adaptor.
Connecting the power cord to the AC adaptor (2-pin plug)
Connecting the power cord to the AC adaptor (3-pin plug)
Either a 2-pin or 3-pin adaptor/cord will be included with the computer
depending on the model.
2. Connect the AC adaptor’s DC output plug to the DC IN 15V jack on the
back of the computer.
DC IN 15V jack
Connecting the adaptor to the computer
3. Plug the power cord into a live wall outlet - the Battery and DC IN
indicators on the front of the computer should glow.
User’s Manual
1-5
M9
Opening the display
The display panel can be opened to a wide range of angles for optimal
viewing.
1. Slide the display latch on the front of the computer to unlatch the
display panel.
2. While holding down the palm rest with one hand so that the main body
of the computer is not raised, slowly lift the display panel - this will allow
the angle of the display panel to be adjusted to provide optimum clarity.
Display panel
Display latch
Opening the display panel
Use reasonable care when opening and closing the display panel.
Opening it vigorously or slamming it shut could damage the computer.
■ Be careful not to open the display panel too far as this could put stress
on the display panel’s hinges and cause damage.
■ Do not press or push on the display panel.
■ Do not lift the computer by the display panel.
■ Do not close the display panel with pens or any other objects left in
between the display panel and the keyboard.
■ When opening or closing the display panel, place one hand on the
palm rest to hold the computer in place and use the other hand to
slowly open or close the display panel (Do not use excessive force
when opening or closing the display panel).
1-6
User’s Manual
M9
Turning on the power
This section describes how to turn on the power - the Power indicator will
then indicate the status. Please refer to the Monitoring of power condition
section in Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes for more information.
■ After you turn on the power for the first time, do not turn it off until you
have set up the operating system. Please refer to the section Starting
up for the first time for more information.
■ Volume cannot be adjusted during Windows Setup.
1. Open the display panel.
2. Press and hold the computer’s power button for two or three seconds.
Power button
Turning on the power
Starting up for the first time
The Microsoft Windows Vista™ Startup Screen will be the first screen
displayed when you turn on the power. Follow the on-screen instructions on
each screen in order to properly install the operating system.
When it is displayed, be sure to read the Software License Terms
carefully.
Turning off the power
The power can be turned off in one of three modes, either Shut Down
(Boot) Mode, Hibernation Mode or Sleep Mode.
Shut Down mode (Boot Mode)
When you turn off the power in Shut Down Mode no data will be saved and
the computer will boot to the operating system’s main screen the next time
it is turned on.
1. If you have entered data, either save it to the hard disk drive or to other
storage media.
2. Make sure all disk/disc activity has stopped before removing the
CD/DVD or floppy disk.
User’s Manual
1-7
M9
■ Make sure the Hard Disk Drive and Ultra Slim Bay’s module
indicators are off. If you turn off the power while a disk (disc) is being
accessed, you may lose data or damage the disk.
■ Never turn off the power while an application is running. Doing so could
cause loss of data.
■ Never turn off the power, disconnect an external storage device or
remove storage media during data read/write. Doing so can cause data
loss.
3. Click Start.
4. Click the arrow button (
(
) located in the power management buttons
) and select Shut Down from the menu.
5. Turn off any peripheral devices connected to your computer.
Do not turn the computer or peripheral devices back on immediately - wait
a short period to avoid any potential damage.
Sleep Mode
If you have to interrupt your work, you are able to turn off the power without
exiting from your software by placing the computer into Sleep Mode. In this
mode data is maintained in the computer’s main memory so that when you
turn on the power again, you can continue working right where you left off.
■ When the AC adaptor is connected, the computer will go into Sleep
Mode according to the settings in the Power Options (to access it, Start
-> Control Panel -> System and Maintenance -> Power Options).
■ To restore the operation of the computer from Sleep Mode, press and
hold the power button or any key on the keyboard for a short amount of
time. Please note that keyboard keys can only be used if the Wake-up
on Keyboard option is enabled within the HW Setup utility.
■ If the computer enters Sleep Mode while a network application is
active, the application might not be restored when the computer is next
turned on and the system returns from Sleep Mode.
■ To prevent the computer from automatically entering Sleep Mode,
disable Sleep Mode within the Power Options (to access it, Start ->
Control Panel -> System and Maintenance -> Power Options).
However, please be aware that this configuration will nullify the
computer’s Energy Star compliance.
■ To use the Hybrid Sleep function, configure it in the Power Options.
1-8
User’s Manual
M9
■ Before entering Sleep Mode, be sure to save your data.
■ Do not install or remove a memory module while the computer is in
Sleep Mode. The computer or the memory module could be damaged.
■ Do not remove the battery pack while the computer is in Sleep Mode
(unless the computer is connected to an AC power source). Data in
memory could be lost.
■ USB bus power (DC5V) will be provided to the specified USB ports
when the computer is Sleep Mode.
■ If a metal hair pin, paper clip or any similar item comes into contact with
the connector it may become hot. Be particularly careful that the
computer does not come into contact with any metal items when
carrying it inside of a bag.
Benefits of Sleep Mode
The Sleep Mode feature provides the following benefits:
■ Restores the previous working environment more rapidly than does the
Hibernation Mode feature.
■ Saves power by shutting down the system when the computer receives
no input or hardware access for the time period set by the System
Sleep Mode feature.
■ Allows the use of the panel power off feature.
Executing Sleep Mode
You can also enable Sleep Mode by pressing Fn + F3 - please refer to
Chapter 5, The Keyboard, for further details.
You can enter Sleep Mode in one of four ways:
■ Click Start then click the power button (
) located in the power
management buttons (
).
Please note that this feature must be enabled within the Power Options
(to access it, click Start -> Control Panel -> System and Maintenance
-> Power Options).
■ Click Start then click the arrow button (
) and select Sleep from the
menu.
■ Close the display panel. Please note that this feature must be enabled
within the Power Options (to access it, click Start -> Control Panel ->
System and Maintenance -> Power Options).
■ Press the power button. Please note that this feature must be enabled
within the Power Options (to access it, click Start -> Control Panel ->
System and Maintenance -> Power Options).
User’s Manual
1-9
M9
When you turn the power back on, you can continue where you left when
you shut down the computer.
■ When the computer is in Sleep Mode, the power indicator will blink
orange.
■ If you are operating the computer on battery power, you can lengthen
the overall operating time by turning it off into Hibernation Mode - Sleep
Mode will consume more power while the computer is off.
Sleep Mode limitations
Sleep Mode will not function under the following conditions:
■ Power is turned back on immediately after shutting down.
■ Memory circuits are exposed to static electricity or electrical noise.
Hibernation Mode
The Hibernation Mode feature saves the contents of memory to the hard
disk drive when the computer is turned off. The next time it is turned on, the
previous state is restored. Please note that the Hibernation Mode feature
does not save the status of any peripheral devices connected to the
computer.
■ Save your data. While entering Hibernation Mode, the computer saves
the contents of memory to the hard disk drive. However, for safety
sake, it is best to save your data manually.
■ Data will be lost if you remove the battery or disconnect the AC adaptor
before the save is completed. Wait for the Hard Disk Drive indicator to
go out.
■ Do not install or remove a memory module while the computer is in
Hibernation Mode. Data will be lost.
Benefits of Hibernation Mode
The Hibernation Mode feature provides the following benefits:
■ Saves data to the hard disk drive when the computer automatically
shuts down because of a low battery condition.
■ You can return to your previous working environment immediately when
you turn on the computer.
■ Saves power by shutting down the system when the computer receives
no input or hardware access for the time period set by the System
Hibernate feature.
■ Allows the use of the panel power off feature.
Starting Hibernation Mode
You can also enable Hibernation Mode by pressing Fn + F4 - please refer
to Chapter 5, The Keyboard, for further details.
1-10
User’s Manual
M9
To enter Hibernation Mode, follow the steps below.
1. Click Start.
2. Click the arrow button (
(
) in the power management buttons
) and select Hibernate from the menu.
Automatic Hibernation Mode
The computer can be configured to enter Hibernation Mode automatically
when you press the power button or close the lid. In order to define these
settings, you can follow the steps as described below:
1. Click Start and click the Control Panel.
2. Click System and Maintenance and click Power Options.
3. Click Choose what the power button does or Choose what closing
the lid does.
4. Enable the desired Hibernation Mode settings for When I press the
power button and When I close the lid.
5. Click the Save changes button.
Data save in Hibernation Mode
When you turn off the power in Hibernation Mode, the computer will take a
moment to save the current data in memory to the hard disk drive.
During this time, the Hard Disk Drive indicator will glow.
After you turn off the computer, and the content of memory has been saved
to the hard disk drive, turn off the power to any peripheral devices.
Do not turn the computer or devices back on immediately. Wait a moment
to let all capacitors fully discharge.
Restarting the computer
Certain conditions require that you reset the computer, for example if:
■ You change certain computer settings.
■ An error occurs and the computer does not respond to your keyboard
commands.
If you need to restart the computer, there are three ways this can be
achieved:
■ Click Start then click the arrow button (
buttons (
) in the power management
) and select Restart from the menu.
■ Press Ctrl, Alt and Del simultaneously (once) to display the menu
window, then select Restart from the Shut down options.
■ Press the power button and hold it down for five seconds. Once the
computer has turned itself off, wait between ten and fifteen seconds
before turning the power on again by pressing the power button.
User’s Manual
1-11
M9
System Recovery Options
About 1.5 GB hidden partition is allocated on the hard disk drive for the
System Recovery Options.
This partition stores files which can be used to repair the system in the
event of a problem.
The System Recovery Options feature will be unusable if this partition is
deleted.
System Recovery Options
The System Recovery Options feature is installed on the hard disk when
shipped from the factory. The System Recovery Options menu includes
tools to repair startup problems, run diagnostics or restore the system.
See the Windows Help and Support content for more information about
Startup Repair.
The System Recovery Options can also be run manually to repair problems.
The procedure is as follows. Follow the instructions shown on the onscreen menu.
1. Turn off the computer.
2. While holding the F8 key, turn on the computer.
3. The Advanced Boot Options menu will be displayed.
Use the arrow keys to select Repair Your Computer and press Enter.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions.
The Windows Vista™ CompletePC Backup feature can be used on
Windows Vista™ Business Edition and Ultimate Edition.
1-12
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 2
The Grand Tour
This chapter identifies the various components of the computer - it is
recommended that you become familiar with each before you operate the
computer.
Legal Footnote (Non-applicable Icons)*1
For more information regarding Non-applicable Icons, please refer to the
Legal Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *1 above.
Front with the display closed
The following figure shows the computer’s front with its display panel in the
closed position.
System
indicators
i.LINK (IEEE1394) port
Headphone jack
Display latch
Wireless communication
switch
Microphone jack
Microphone
Volume control dial
Front of the computer with display panel closed
User’s Manual
System indicators
These LED indicators allow you to monitor the
status of various computer functions and are
described in more detail within the System
indicators section.
Wireless
communication
switch
Slide this switch to the left to turn off Wireless
LAN and Bluetooth functions. Slide it to the right
to turn on the functions.
Only some models are equipped with Bluetooth
and Wireless LAN functions.
2-1
M9
■ Turn Wi-Fi® and Bluetooth functionalities off when near a person who
may have a cardiac pacemaker implant or other medical electric
device. Radio waves may affect pacemaker or medical device
operation, possibly resulting in serious injury. Follow the instruction of
your medical device when using any Wi-Fi or Bluetooth functionality.
■ Always turn off Wi-Fi or Bluetooth functionality if the computer is near
automatic control equipment or appliances such as automatic doors or
fire detectors. Radio waves can cause malfunction of such equipment,
possibly resulting in serious injury.
■ Do not use the Wi-Fi or Bluetooth functionalities near a microwave
oven or in areas subject to radio interference or magnetic fields.
Interference from a microwave oven or other source can disrupt Wi-Fi
or Bluetooth operation.
2-2
i.LINK (IEEE1394)
port
This port allows you to connect an external
device, such as a digital video camera for
high-speed data transfer.
Microphone jack
A 3.5 mm mini microphone jack enables
connection of a three-conductor mini jack for
monaural microphone input.
Headphone jack
A 3.5 mm mini headphone jack enables
connection of stereo headphones.
Display latch
This latch secures the display panel in its closed
position. Slide the latch to open the display.
Volume control dial
Use this dial to adjust the volume of the internal
stereo speaker and optional external stereo
headphones (if connected).
Move the Volume control dial to the right to
increase the volume and to the left to decrease
the volume.
Microphone
A built-in microphone allows you to import and
record sounds for your application - please refer
to the Sound System section in Chapter 4,
Operating Basics for more information.
User’s Manual
M9
Left side
The following figure shows the computer’s left side.
PC Card eject button
Modem jack
PC Card slot
Cooling vents
Security lock slot
Universal Serial Bus
(USB 2.0)port
SD/SDHC Card slot
The left side of the computer
Modem jack
The modem jack lets you use a modular cable to
connect the modem directly to a telephone line.
■ Connection to any communication line other than an analog phone line
could cause a PC system failure.
■ Connect the built-in modem only to ordinary analog phone lines.
■ Never connect the built-in modem to a digital line (ISDN).
■ Never connect the built-in modem to the digital connector on a
public telephone or to a digital private branch exchange (PBX).
■ Never connect the built-in modem to a key telephone system for
residences or offices.
■ Never operate your PC on AC power during a thunderstorm. If you see
lightning or hear thunder, immediately turn off the PC. An electric surge
caused by the storm, may result in a system failure, loss of data or
hardware damage.
Security lock slot
A security cable can be attached to this slot and
then connected to a desk or other large object in
order to deter theft of the computer.
Cooling vents
The cooling vents help keep the processor from
overheating.
Do not block the cooling vents. Keep foreign metal objects, such as
screws, staples and paper clips, out of the cooling vents. Foreign metal
objects can create a short circuit, which can cause damage and fire,
possibly resulting in serious injury.
User’s Manual
2-3
M9
Universal Serial Bus
(USB 2.0) port
One Universal Serial Bus port, which complies to
the USB 2.0 standard, is provided on the left
hand side of the computer.
Keep foreign metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips, out of
the USB connectors. Foreign metal objects can create a short circuit,
which can cause damage and fire, possibly resulting in serious injury.
Please note that it is not possible to confirm the operation of all functions of
all USB devices that are available. In view of this it may be noted that some
functions associated with a specific device might not operate properly.
PC Card slot
This slot can accommodate a single Type II,
16-bit or 32-bit (CardBus) PC Card device.
PC Card eject button
This button is used in order to remove a PC Card
from within the computer.
Keep foreign metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips,
out of the PC Card slot. Foreign metal objects can create a short circuit,
which can cause damage and fire, possibly resulting in serious injury.
SD/SDHC Card slot
This slot can accommodate a single SD/SDHC
Card in order to transfer data from devices, such
as digital cameras, onto your computer.
Keep foreign metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips,
out of the SD/SDHC Card slot. Foreign metal objects can create a short
circuit, which can cause damage and fire, possibly resulting in serious
injury.
2-4
User’s Manual
M9
Right side
The following figure shows the computer’s right side.
Universal Serial Bus
(USB 2.0) ports
Link indicator (green)
LAN active indicator (orange)
Ultra Slim Bay
LAN jack
The right side of the computer
Universal Serial Bus
(USB 2.0) ports
The Universal Serial Bus ports are on the right
side. Refer to Left side section, for details.
Ultra Slim Bay
A DVD Super Multi drive and Ultra Slim Bay HDD
Adaptor can be installed in the Ultra Slim Bay.
LAN jack
This jack lets you connect to a LAN. The adaptor
has built-in support for Ethernet LAN
(10 megabits per second, 10BASE-T), Fast
Ethernet LAN (100 megabits per second,
100BASE-TX) and Gigabit Ethernet LAN
(1000 megabits per second, 1000BASE-T).
Refer to Chapter 4, Operating Basics, for details.
■ Do not connect any cable other than a LAN cable to the LAN jack.
It could cause damage or malfunction.
■ Do not connect the LAN cable to a power supply. It could cause
damage or malfunction.
User’s Manual
Link indicator
(green)
This indicator glows green when the computer is
connected to a LAN and the LAN is functioning
properly.
LAN active indicator
(orange)
This indicator glows orange when data is being
exchanged between the computer and the LAN.
2-5
M9
Back
The following figure shows the computer’s back.
Serial port
DC IN 15V jack
External monitor port
The back of the computer
2-6
Serial port
Use this 9-pin port to connect serial devices such
as an external modem, serial mouse or serial
printer.
External monitor
port
This port allows you to connect an external
monitor to the computer.
DC IN 15V jack
The AC adaptor connects to this jack in order to
power the computer and charge its internal
batteries. Please note that you should only use
the model of AC adaptor supplied with the
computer at the time of purchase - using the
wrong AC adaptor can cause damage to the
computer.
User’s Manual
M9
Underside
The following figure shows the underside of the computer. You should
ensure that the display is closed before the computer is turned over to
avoid causing any damage.
Ultra Slim Bay latch
Notch
Battery pack
Battery lock
Battery release latch
Ultra Slim Bay
Notch
Docking port
Hard disk drive
HDD pack cover
screws
Ultra Slim Bay lock
screw
Memory module slot
The underside of the computer
Ultra Slim Bay
Refer to the Right side section in this chapter for
details.
Ultra Slim Bay latch
Slide the latch to release or secure the Ultra Slim
Bay ejector.
Be sure to lock the Ultra Slim Bay latch before you transport or carry the
computer.
User’s Manual
Notches
Notches on the computer engage hooks on the
TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator to ensure a
secure connection.
Docking port
This port enables connection of an optional
TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator described in
Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options.
2-7
M9
■ Only the TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator can be used with this
computer. Do not attempt to use any other Port Replicator.
■ Keep foreign objects out of the docking port. A pin or similar object can
damage the computer’s circuitry. A plastic shutter protects the
connector.
2-8
Memory module slot
The slot B memory module is located here.
The memory module slot allows for the
installation, replacement and removal of
additional memory module.
Refer to the Additional memory module section in
Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options.
Battery release latch
Slide and hold this latch into its “Unlock” position
in order to release the battery pack ready for
removal. For more detailed information on
removing the battery pack please refer to
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes.
Battery pack
The battery pack provides power to the computer
when the AC adaptor is not connected. For more
detailed information on the use and operation of
the battery pack please refer to Chapter 6, Power
and Power-Up Modes.
HDD pack cover
screws
Two screws secures the HDD cover.
Hard disk drive
This contains a Hard disk drive pack, which can
be removed and reinstalled. For more
information on how to remove or reinstall the
Hard disk drive pack, refer to the section on the
in Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options.
Battery lock
Slide the battery lock to release the battery pack
for removal.
Ultra Slim Bay lock
screw
One screw secures the Ultra Slim Bay latch.
User’s Manual
M9
Front with the display open
This section shows the computer with the display panel open. In order to
open the display, simply slide the display latch on the front of the computer,
lift the display panel up and position it at a comfortable viewing angle for you.
Display screen
Power button
Display hinge
Stereo speaker (Right)
Memory module slot
(Not shown)
AccuPoint
AccuPoint control
buttons
LCD Sensor switch
(Not shown)
Display hinge
Fingerprint
Sensor
Stereo speaker (Left)
TOSHIBA Assist button
Touch Pad control
buttons
TOSHIBA Presentation button
Touch Pad
Keyboard
The front of the computer with the display panel open
User’s Manual
Display hinges
The display hinges allow the display panel to be
position at a variety of easy-to-view angles.
Display screen
Please be aware that, when the computer is
operating on the AC adaptor, the image
displayed on the internal screen will be
somewhat brighter than when it operates on
battery power. This difference in brightness
levels is intended to save power when operating
on batteries. For more information on the
computer’s display, please refer to the Display
Controller and Video mode section in
Appendix B.
Touch Pad
The Touch Pad mouse control device located in
the center of the palm rest is used to control the
movement of the on-screen pointer. For more
information, please refer to the Using the Touch
Pad section in Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
2-9
M9
2-10
Touch Pad control
buttons
The control buttons located below the Touch Pad
allow you to select menu items or manipulate text
and graphics as designated by the on-screen
pointer.
AccuPoint control
buttons
Control buttons below the keyboard let you select
menu items or manipulate text and graphics
designated by the on-screen pointer. Refer to the
Using the AccuPoint section in Chapter 4,
Operating Basics.
AccuPoint
A pointer control device located in the center of
the keyboard is used to control the on-screen
pointer. Refer to the Using the AccuPoint section
in Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
Keyboard
The internal keyboard provides the embedded
numeric overlay keys, dedicated cursor control
overlay keys, and
and
Keys. The
keyboard is compatible with the IBM® enhanced
keyboard. Refer to Chapter 5, The Keyboard, for
details.
Stereo speakers
The speakers emit sound generated by your
software as well as audio alarms, such as low
battery condition, generated by the system.
Power button
Press this button to turn the computer’s power on
and off.
TOSHIBA Assist
button
Press this button to launch the program
automatically. When power-off, Sleep Mode and
Hibernation Mode, press this button to start the
computer and launch the program.
TOSHIBA
Presentation button
The TOSHIBA Presentation button has the same
functionality as the Connect display button in the
Mobility Center. Pressing this button when an
external display is connected will open the
Windows Vista™ TMM (Transient Multimon
Manager) screen.
Fingerprint Sensor
This sensor enables you to enroll and recognize
a fingerprint.
For detailed information on Fingerprint Sensor,
refer to Chapter 4, Using the Fingerprint Sensor.
User’s Manual
M9
Memory module slot
The slot A memory module is located here.
The memory module slot allows for the
installation, replacement and removal of
additional memory module.
Refer to the Additional memory module section in
Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options.
LCD Sensor switch
This switch senses when the display panel is
either closed or opened and activates the Panel
Power Off/On feature as appropriate. For
example, when you close the display panel the
computer enters Hibernation Mode and shuts
itself down and then, when you next open the
display, the computer will automatically start up
and return you to the application you were
previously working on.
You can specify within the Power Options.
To access it, click Start -> Control Panel ->
System and Maintenance -> Power Options.
Do not put any magnetic objects close to this switch as they may cause the
computer to automatically enter Hibernation Mode and shut down even if
the Panel Power Off feature is disabled.
Indicators
This section explains indicator functions.
System indicators
LED system indicators next to their respective icons, glow when specific
computer operations are in progress.
System indicators
User’s Manual
SD Card
The SD Card indicator glows green when the
computer is accessing the device in the SD Card
slot.
DC IN
The DC IN indicator normally glows green when
power is being correctly supplied from the AC
power adaptor. However, If the output voltage
from the adaptor is abnormal, or if the computer’s
power supply malfunctions, this indicator will
flash orange.
2-11
M9
Power
The Power indicator normally glows green when
the computer is turned on. However, if you turn
the computer off into Sleep Mode, this indicator
will flash orange - approximately one second on,
two seconds off - both while the system is
shutting down and while it remains turned off.
Battery
The Battery indicator shows the condition of the
battery’s charge - green indicates the battery is
fully charged, orange indicates the battery is
charging, and flashing orange indicates a low
battery condition. Please refer to Chapter 6,
Power and Power-Up Modes for more
information on this feature.
Hard Disk Drive
The Hard Disk Drive indicator glows green
whenever the computer is accessing the built-in
hard disk drive or Ultra Slim Bay HDD.
Wireless
communication
The Wireless communication indicator blinks
orange when the Bluetooth and Wireless LAN
functions are turned on.
Only some models are equipped with Bluetooth
and Wireless LAN functions.
Keyboard indicators
The following figures show the positions of the Caps Lock indicator and the
keypad overlay indicators which show the following conditions:
■ When the Caps Lock indicator glows, the keyboard will produce capitals
when any letter is typed.
■ When the Arrow Mode indicator glows, the keypad overlay allows you to
use cursor functions.
■ When the Numeric Mode indicator glows, the keypad overlay allows
you to enter numbers.
Caps Lock indicator
Caps Lock indicator
Caps Lock
2-12
This indicator glows green when letter keys are
locked into their uppercase format.
User’s Manual
M9
Arrow mode
indicator
Numeric mode
indicator
Keypad overlay indicators
Arrow mode
When the Arrow mode indicator lights green,
you can use the gray labeled keys on the keypad
overlay as cursor keys. Please refer to the
Keypad overlay section in Chapter 5, The
Keyboard for more information.
Numeric mode
When the Numeric mode indicator lights green,
you can use the gray labeled keys on the keypad
overlay for number entry. Please refer to the
Keypad overlay section in Chapter 5, The
Keyboard for more information.
Optical disc drives
The computer is installed with a DVD Super Multi drive. An ATAPI interface
controller is used for CD/DVD-ROM operation. When the computer is
accessing a CD/DVD, an indicator on the drive glows.
For information on loading and unloading discs refer to the Using optical
disc drives section in Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
Region codes for DVD drives and media
DVD Super Multi drives and their associated media are manufactured
according to the specifications of six marketing regions. When you
purchase DVD-Video, make sure it matches your drive, otherwise it will not
play properly.
Code
User’s Manual
Region
1
Canada, United States
2
Japan, Europe, South Africa, Middle East
3
Southeast Asia, East Asia
4
Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Central America,
South America, Caribbean
5
Russia, Indian Subcontinent, Africa, North Korea, Mongolia
6
China
2-13
M9
Writable discs
This section describes the types of writable CD/DVD discs. Check the
specifications of your drive to see the types of discs it can write. Use
TOSHIBA Disc Creator to write compact discs. Refer to Chapter 4,
Operating Basics.
CDs
■ CD-R discs can be written only once. The recorded data cannot be
erased or changed.
■ CD-RW discs including multi speed CD-RW discs, high-speed CD-RW
discs and ultra-speed CD-RW discs can be recorded more than once.
DVDs
■ DVD-R and DVD+R discs can be written only once. The recorded data
cannot be erased or changed.
■ DVD-RW, DVD+RW and DVD-RAM discs can be recorded more than
once.
Formats
The drives support the following formats.
DVD Super Multi drive Double Layer
The drive supports the formats in addition to the DVD-ROM&CD-R/RW
drive, and DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD-RAM,
DVD-R DL (Format1), DVD+R DL.
Some types and formats of DVD-R DL and DVD+R DL discs may be
unreadable.
2-14
User’s Manual
M9
DVD Super Multi drive Double Layer
The full-size DVD Super Multi drive module lets you record data to
rewritable CD/DVDs as well as run either 12 cm (4.72") or 8cm (3.15")
CD/DVDs without using an adaptor.
The read speed is slower at the center of a disc and faster at the outer
edge.
DVD read
8 speed (maximum)
DVD-R write
8 speed (maximum)
DVD-R DL write
4 speed (maximum)
DVD-RW write
6 speed (maximum)
DVD+R write
8 speed (maximum)
DVD+R DL write
4 speed (maximum)
DVD+RW write
8 speed (maximum)
DVD-RAM write
5 speed (maximum)
CD read
24 speed (maximum)
CD-R write
24 speed (maximum)
CD-RW write
16 speed (maximum, Ultra-speed media)
AC adaptor
The AC adaptor can automatically adjust to any voltage ranging from 100 to
240 volts and to a frequency of either 50 or 60 hertz, enabling you to use
this computer in almost all country/region. The adaptor converts AC power
to DC power and reduces the voltage supplied to this computer.
To recharge the battery, simply connect the AC adaptor to a power source
and to the computer. Please refer to Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up
Modes for further information.
The AC adaptor (2-pin plug)
User’s Manual
2-15
M9
The AC adaptor (3-pin plug)
■ Depending on the model in question, either a 2-pin or 3-pin adaptor/
power lead will be bundled with the computer.
■ Do not use a 3-pin to 2-pin conversion plug.
■ The supplied power cord conforms to safety rules and regulations in
the region the product is bought and should not be used outside of this
region. In order to use the adaptor/computer in other regions, you
should please buy a power cord that conforms to the safety rules and
regulations in that particular region.
Always use the TOSHIBA AC adaptor that was included with your
computer, or use AC adaptors specified by TOSHIBA to avoid any risk of
fire or other damage to the computer. Use of an incompatible AC adaptor
could cause fire or damage to the computer possibly resulting in serious
injury. TOSHIBA assumes no liability for any damage caused by use of an
incompatible adaptor.
2-16
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 3
Hardware, Utilities and Options
Hardware
This section describes the hardware of your computer.
The actual specifications may vary depending on the model you purchased.
Processor
CPU
The computer is equipped with one of the
following Intel® processors.
■ Intel® Core™ 2 Duo Processor, which
incorporates a 2 MB level2 cache memory.
It also supports Enhanced Intel® SpeedStep®
Technology.
■ Intel® Core™ 2 Duo Processor, which
incorporates a 4 MB level2 cache memory.
It also supports Enhanced Intel® SpeedStep®
Technology.
Some models in this series carry Intel® Centrino® Duo Mobile Technology,
which is based on three separate technologies of Intel® Core™ 2 Duo
processor, Intel® PRO/Wireless Network Connection, and Mobile Intel® 965
Express Chipset Family.
Legal Footnote (CPU)*2
For more information on the CPU, please refer to the Legal Footnotes
section in Appendix F or Click the *2 above.
User’s Manual
3-1
M9
Memory
Slots
512, 1,024 or 2,048 MB memory modules can be
installed in the computer’s two memory slots for a
maximum of 4,096 MB system memory.
Video RAM
The amount of Video RAM available is
dependent on the computer’s system memory.
Start -> Control Panel -> Appearance and
Personalization -> Personalization -> Display
Settings.
The amount of Video RAM can be verified by
clicking the Advanced Settings... button in the
Display Settings window.
Legal Footnote (Memory (Main System))*3
For more information regarding Memory (Main System), please refer to the
Legal Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *3 above.
Power
Battery pack
The computer is powered by one rechargeable
lithium-ion battery pack.
Legal Footnote (Battery Life)*4
For more information regarding Battery Life, please refer to the Legal
Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *4 above.
3-2
RTC battery
The internal RTC battery backs up the Real Time
Clock (RTC) and calendar.
AC adaptor
The AC adaptor provides power to the system
and recharges the batteries when they are low.
It comes with a detachable power cord which will
either have a 2-pin or 3-pin plug enclosure.
As the AC adaptor is universal, it can receive a
range of AC voltages from 100 to 240 volts,
however you should note that the output current
varies among different models. Using the wrong
adaptor can damage your computer. Refer to the
AC adaptor section in Chapter 2, The Grand
Tour.
User’s Manual
M9
Disks
Hard disk drive
This computer is equipped with one of the
following hard disk drive types. The capacity of
each hard disk drive model is different.
■ 80.0 billion bytes (74.53 GB)
■ 120.0 billion bytes (111.79 GB)
■ 160.0 billion bytes (149.05 GB)
Please note that part of the hard disk drive’s
overall capacity is reserved as administration
space.
Legal Footnote (Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Capacity)*5
For more information regarding Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Capacity, please
refer to the Legal Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *5 above.
Optical disc drive
Drive
The following optical disc drive is pre-installed in
this computer.
■ DVD Super Multi drive Double Layer drive
2.6 GB and 5.2 GB DVD-RAM media cannot be read from or written to.
Display
The computer’s internal display panel supports high-resolution video
graphics and can be set to a wide range of viewing angles for maximum
comfort and readability.
Display panel
14.1" TFT LCD screen, 16 million colors, with
one of the following resolutions:
■ WXGA, 1280 horizontal x 800 vertical pixels
■ WXGA+, 1440 horizontal x 900 vertical pixels
Legal Footnote (LCD)*6
For more information regarding the LCD, please refer to the Legal
Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *6 above.
Graphics controller
User’s Manual
The graphics controller maximizes display
performance. Refer to Display Controller and
Video mode section in Appendix B for more
information.
3-3
M9
Legal Footnote (Graphics Processor Unit (“GPU”))*7
For more information regarding the Graphics Processor Unit (“GPU”),
please refer to the Legal Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *7
above.
Sound
Sound system
The integrated sound system provides support
for the computer’s internal speakers and
microphone, as allowing an external microphone
and headphones to be connected via the
appropriate jacks.
Communications
3-4
Modem
An internal modem provides capability for data
and fax communication. It supports V.90 (V.92).
The speed of data transfer and fax depends on
analog telephone line conditions. It has a modem
jack for connecting to a telephone line. It is
preinstalled as a standard device in some
markets. Both of V.90 and V.92 are supported
only in USA, Canada, U.K., France, Germany
and Australia. Only V.90 is available in other
regions.
LAN
The computer has built-in support for Ethernet
LAN (10 megabits per second, 10BASE-T), Fast
Ethernet LAN (100 megabits per second,
100BASE-TX) and Gigabit Ethernet LAN
(1000 megabits per second, 1000BASE-T).
It is pre-installed as a standard device in some
markets.
Bluetooth
Some computers in this series offer Bluetooth
wireless communication functionality which
eliminates the need for cables between
electronic devices such as computers, printers
and mobile phones. When implemented,
Bluetooth provides a fast, reliable and secure
means to achieve wireless communication in a
small space.
Wireless LAN
Some computers in this series are equipped with
a Wireless LAN card that is compatible with other
LAN systems based on Direct Sequence Spread
Spectrum/Orthogonal Frequency Division
Multiplexing radio technology that complies with
the IEEE 802.11 Standard (Revision A, B, G or N
Draft Ver. 1.0).
User’s Manual
M9
Legal Footnote (Wireless LAN)*8
For more information regarding Wireless LAN, please refer to the Legal
Footnotes section in Appendix F or click the *8 above.
Ultra Slim Bay
Ultra Slim Bay
Modules
Ultra Slim Bay is a single-drive bay that
accommodates a DVD Super Multi drive and
secondary hard disk drive.
Special features
The following features are either unique to TOSHIBA computers or are
advanced features which make the computer more convenient to use.
Access each function using the following procedures.
*1 To access the Power Options, click Start -> Control Panel -> System
and Maintenance -> Power Options.
User’s Manual
TOSHIBA Assist
button
Press this button to launch the program
automatically. When power-off, Sleep Mode and
Hibernation Mode, press this button to start the
computer and launch the program.
TOSHIBA
Presentation button
The TOSHIBA Presentation button has the same
functionality as the Connect display button in the
Mobility Center. Pressing this button when an
external display is connected will open the
Windows Vista™ TMM (Transient Multimon
Manager) screen.
Hot keys
Hot keys are specific key combinations that let
you quickly change the system configuration
directly from the keyboard without running a
system program.
Display automatic
power off *1
This feature automatically cuts off power to the
computer’s display panel when there is no
keyboard input for a specified time, with power
being restored the next time a key is pressed.
This can be specified in the Power Options.
HDD automatic
power off *1
This feature automatically cuts off power to the
hard disk drive when it is not accessed for a
specified time, with power being restored when
the hard disk drive is next accessed. This can be
specified in the Power Options.
3-5
M9
System automatic
Sleep/Hibernation
Mode *1
This feature automatically shuts down the system
into either Sleep Mode or Hibernation Mode when
there is no input or hardware access for a
specified time. This can be specified in the Power
Options.
Keypad overlay
A ten-key numeric keypad is integrated into the
keyboard. Please refer to the Keypad overlay
section in Chapter 5, The Keyboard, for
information on using this feature.
Power on password
Two levels of password security, supervisor and
user, are available to prevent unauthorized
access to your computer.
Instant security
A specific hot key function automatically locks the
system providing data security.
Intelligent power
supply *1
A microprocessor in the computer’s intelligent
power supply detects the battery’s charge,
automatically calculates the remaining battery
capacity and protects electronic components
from abnormal conditions such as a voltage
overload from the AC adaptor. This can be
specified in the Power Options.
Battery save mode *1 This feature lets you configure the computer in
order to save battery power. This can be
specified in the Power Options.
Panel power on/off *1 This feature automatically turns power to the
computer off when the display panel is closed,
and turns it back on when the display panel is
opened. This can be specified in the Power
Options.
3-6
Low battery
automatic
Hibernation Mode *1
When battery power is exhausted to the point that
computer operation cannot be continued, the
system automatically enters Hibernation Mode
and shuts itself down. This can be specified in the
Power Options.
Heat dispersal *1
To protect against overheating, the processor has
an internal temperature sensor so that, if the
computer’s internal temperature rises to a certain
level, the cooling fan is turned on or the
processing speed is lowered. This can be
specified in the Power Options.
User’s Manual
M9
TOSHIBA HDD
Protection
This feature uses the acceleration sensor built in
the computer to detect vibration and shocks, and
automatically moves the hard disk drive’s read/
write head to a safe position in order to reduce
the risk of damage that could be caused by headto-disk contact. Refer to the Using the Hard Disk
Drive (HDD) Protection section in Chapter 4,
Operating Basics, for more details.
The TOSHIBA HDD Protection function does not guarantee that the hard
disk drive will not be damaged.
Hibernation Mode
This feature lets you turn off the power to the
computer without exiting from your software.
The contents of main memory are automatically
saved to the hard disk drive so that when you
next turn the power on again, you can continue
working right where you left off. Refer to the
Turning off the power section in Chapter 1,
Getting Started, for more details.
Sleep Mode
If you have to interrupt your work, you can use
this feature to allow you to turn off power to the
computer without exiting from your software.
Data is maintained in the computer’s main
memory so that when you next turn on the power,
you can continue working right where you left off.
TOSHIBA Value Added Package
This section describes the TOSHIBA Component features pre-installed on
the computer.
User’s Manual
TOSHIBA Power
Saver
TOSHIBA Power Saver provides you with the
features of more various power supply
managements.
TOSHIBA Button
Support
This utility controls the following computer button
functions.
■ TOSHIBA Assist
■ TOSHIBA Presentation
The starting application from the button can be
changed.
TOSHIBA Zooming
Utility
This utility allows you to enlarge or reduce the
icon size on the Windows Desktop, or the zoom
factor associated with specific supported
applications.
3-7
M9
3-8
TOSHIBA PC
Diagnostic Tool
The TOSHIBA PC Diagnostic Tool will display
basic system configuration information and allow
the functionality of some of the computer’s builtin hardware devices to be tested.
TOSHIBA Password
Utility
The TOSHIBA Password utility allows you to set
a password in order to restrict access to the
computer.
TOSHIBA Flash
Cards
The TOSHIBA Flash Cards provide a quick way
to modify selected system functions and to
launch applications.
■ Hot key function
■ TOSHIBA utility launcher function
HW Setup
This utility allows you to customize your
hardware settings according to the way you work
with the computer and the peripherals you use.
TOSHIBA
Accessibility
The TOSHIBA Accessibility utility provides
support to movement impaired users when they
need to use the TOSHIBA Hot-key functions. In
use, the utility allows you to make the Fn key
“sticky”, that is you can press it once, release it,
and they press one of the “F” keys in order to
access its specific function. When set, the Fn key
will remain active until another key is pressed.
User’s Manual
M9
Utilities and Applications
This section describes the pre-installed utilities that come with the
computer and details how to start them. For further information on their
operation, please refer to each utility’s online manual, help files or
README.TXT file.
Fingerprint Utility
This product has a fingerprint utility installed for
the purpose of enrolling and recognizing
fingerprints which can then be linked to a
username and password in order to remove the
need to input these details from the keyboard.
Just by swiping an enrolled finger against the
fingerprint sensor, the following functions will be
enabled:
■ Logon to Windows and access a security
enabled homepage through Internet Explorer.
■ Files and folders can be encrypted/decrypted
and third party access to them is prevented.
■ Disable the password-protected screen-saver
when returning from a power-saving mode
such as Sleep Mode.
■ Authentication of the User Password (and, if
applicable, the HDD(Hard Disk Drive)
Password) when booting up the computer
(Power-on Security).
■ Single Sign-on feature
DVD Video Player
The DVD Video Player is used to play
DVD-Video. It has an on-screen interface and
functions. Click Start -> All Programs ->
InterVideo WinDVD -> InterVideo WinDVD for
TOSHIBA.
Frame dropping, audio skipping or out of synch audio and video may occur
during playback of some DVD Video titles.
Make sure to connect the computer’s AC adaptor when playing a DVD
Video. Power-saving features may interfere with smooth playback.
Bluetooth Stack for
Windows by Toshiba
This software enables communication between
the computer and external Bluetooth devices
such as printers and mobile phones.
Bluetooth functions cannot be used in models that do not have a Bluetooth
module installed.
User’s Manual
3-9
M9
TOSHIBA SD
Memory Boot Utility
The TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility allows
you to create a bootable SD/SDHC memory card
to start the system. You can boot TOSHIBA SD
Memory Boot Utility from the menu bar as
follows. Click Start -> All Programs ->
TOSHIBA -> Utilities -> SD Memory Boot
Utility.
SD Memory Card Format Utility and other SD functions are packaged into
TOSHIBA SD Memory Utilities.
TOSHIBA SD
This utility allows you to format an SD/SDHC
Memory Card Format memory card by the SD standard format.
TOSHIBA Assist
TOSHIBA Assist is a graphical user interface that
provides access to specific tools, utilities and
applications that make the use and configuration
of the computer easier.
TOSHIBA ConfigFree TOSHIBA ConfigFree is a suite of utilities that
improve the ease and control of communication
devices and network connections, help in the
identification of communication problems and
allow the creation of profiles if you need to switch
between different locations and communication
networks. To access this utility, click Start ->
All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> Networking ->
ConfigFree.
3-10
TOSHIBA Mic Effect
TOSHIBA Mic Effect provides you the Echo
Canceller and the Microphone Array functions.
For more instructions for this software, refer to
the Sound System section in Chapter 4,
Operating Basics.
TOSHIBA Disc
Creator
You can create CD’s and DVD’s in a number of
formats including audio CD’s that can be played
on a standard CD player, and data CD’s/DVD’s
which can store copies of the files and folders on
your computer’s hard disk drive. This software
can be used on models with a DVD Super Multi
drive.
To start this utility, click Start -> All Programs ->
TOSHIBA -> CD&DVD Applications ->
Disc Creator.
User’s Manual
M9
User’s Manual
TOSHIBA DVD-RAM
Utility
This utility has the function of Physical Format
and Write-Protect to DVD-RAM. This utility is
contained the setup module of TOSHIBA Disc
Creator. To start this utility, click Start ->
All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> CD&DVD
Applications -> DVD-RAM Utility.
CD/DVD Drive
Acoustic Silencer
This utility allows you to configure the read speed
of the optical disc drive. You can either configure
Normal Mode, which operates the drive at its
maximum speed for quick data access, or Quiet
Mode which runs audio CDs at single speed and
which can lessen operational noise.
It is ineffective with DVDs.
Windows Mobility
Center
This section describes the Windows Mobility
Center. Mobility Center is a utility for accessing
several mobile PC settings quickly in one
window. A default maximum of eight tiles are
provided by the operating system, and the
additional two tiles are added to your Mobility
Center.
■ Lock Computer:
This can be used to lock your computer
without turning it off. This has the same
function as the Lock button at the bottom of
the right pane in the start menu.
■ TOSHIBA Assist:
This can be used to open TOSHIBA Assist if
it is already installed in your computer.
3-11
M9
Optional devices
Optional devices can expand the computer’s capabilities and its versatility.
This section describes the connection or installation of the following
devices:
Cards/memory
■ PC Card
■ SD/SDHC Card (SD memory card, SDHC memory card)
■ Additional memory module
Peripheral devices
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Hard disk drive pack
Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor
USB FDD Kit
External monitor
i.LINK (IEEE1394)
Serial port
TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator
Other
■ Security lock
PC Card
The computer is equipped with a single PC Card slot that can accommodate
a Type II format card. Any PC Card that meets industry standards, either
manufactured by TOSHIBA or another vendor, can be installed as the slot
supports 16-bit PC Cards and 32-bit CardBus cards. For reference,
CardBus supports the newer standard of 32-bit PC Cards and provides
superior performance for the greater demands of applications such as
multimedia data transmission.
PC Cards can sometimes become hot during computer operation.
Before you remove a PC Card always wait for it to cool. You could get
burned removing a hot PC Card.
Inserting a PC Card
The Windows hot-install feature allows you to insert PC Cards while the
computer is turned on.
Do not insert a PC Card while the computer is in Sleep Mode or
Hibernation Mode as you may find that some cards do not work properly.
3-12
User’s Manual
M9
To insert a PC Card, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Insert the PC Card into the PC Card slot on the side of the computer.
2. Press the PC Card gently to ensure a firm connection is made.
PC Card slot
PC Card
Inserting the PC Card
3. After inserting the PC Card you should refer to its documentation and
also check the configuration in Windows in order to ensure that it is
correct.
Removing a PC Card
To remove a PC Card, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Open the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the Windows Task Bar.
2. Point to PC Card and click the left Touch Pad control button.
3. Press the PC Card eject button to partially extend it out of the computer.
If the PC Card is not inserted all the way into the computer, the eject button
may not cause it to pop out sufficiently to allows it to be grasped. In this
instance, simply push the PC Card firmly back into the computer and then
press the eject button again.
4. Press the extended PC Card eject button in order to eject the PC Card
partially out of the computer.
5. Grasp the PC Card and remove it.
PC Card eject
button
PC Card
Removing the PC Card
User’s Manual
3-13
M9
SD/SDHC Card
Set the SD Card type SD memory cards and SDHC memory cards in the
SD Card slot.
Keep foreign objects out of the SD Card slot. Never allow metal objects,
such as screws, staples and paper clips, to enter the computer or
keyboard. Foreign metal objects can create a short circuit, which can
cause computer damage and fire, possibly resulting in serious injury.
The Logo of SD memory card is (
The Logo of SDHC memory card is (
).
).
Card Type
Capacities
SD
8 MB, 16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB,
512 MB, 1 GB, 2 GB
SDHC
4 GB
Inserting an SD/SDHC Card
To insert an SD/SDHC Card, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Insert the SD/SDHC Card into the SD Card slot on the side of the
computer.
2. Press the SD/SDHC Card gently to ensure a firm connection is made.
SD Card slot
SD/SDHC Card
Inserting an SD/SDHC Card
■ Make sure the SD/SDHC Card is oriented properly before you insert it.
■ Make sure that the SD/SDHC Card is facing the correct direction when
inserting it into the SD Card slot.
■ Do not turn the computer off or switch to Sleep Mode or Hibernation
Mode while files are being copied - doing so may cause data to be lost.
3-14
User’s Manual
M9
Removing an SD/SDHC Card
To remove an SD/SDHC Card, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Open the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the Windows Task Bar.
2. Point to SD Memory Card and click the left Touch Pad control button.
3. Press the SD/SDHC Card to partially extend it out of the computer.
4. Grasp the SD/SDHC Card and remove it.
SD Card slot
SD/SDHC Card
Removing an SD/SDHC Card
■ Make sure the SD Card indicator is out before you remove the SD/
SDHC Card or turn off the computer’s power. If you remove the SD/
SDHC Card or turn off the power while the computer is accessing the
SD/SDHC Card you may lose data or damage the card.
■ Do not remove an SD/SDHC Card while the computer is in Sleep or
Hibernation Mode. The computer could become unstable or data in the
SD/SDHC Card could be lost.
SD/SDHC memory card
SD/SDHC Cards let you easily transfer data from devices, such as digital
cameras and Personal Digital Assistants, that use SD/SDHC Card flashmemory. The cards have a high level of security and copy protection
features.
SD memory cards comply with SDMI (Secure Digital Music Initiative),
which is a technology adopted to prevent unlawful copy or playback of
digital music. For this reason, you cannot copy or playback protected
material on another computer or other device. You may not use the
reproduction of any copyrighted material except for your personal
enjoyment.
User’s Manual
3-15
M9
Formatting an SD/SDHC Card
SD/SDHC memory cards are sold already formatted in conformity to
specific standards. If you format the SD/SDHC Card again, be sure to
format it with the TOSHIBA SD Memory Card Format utility, not with the
format command provided within Windows.
In order to run the TOSHIBA SD Memory Card Format utility, click Start ->
All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> Utilities -> SD Memory Card Format.
Please note that the TOSHIBA SD Memory Card Format utility does not
format the protected area of the SD/SDHC memory card - should you need
to format all areas of the memory card, including the protected area, you
will need to obtain an appropriate application that applies the copy
protection system.
Media care
Observe the following precautions when handling the card.
Card care
■ Do not twist or bend cards.
■ Do not expose cards to liquids or store in humid areas or lay media
close to containers of liquid.
■ Do not touch the metal part of a card or expose it to liquids or let it get
dirty.
■ After using card, return it to its case.
■ The card is designed so that it can be inserted only one way. Do not try
to force the card into the slot.
■ Do not leave a card partially inserted in the slot. Press the card until you
hear it click into place.
Memory card care
■ Set the write-protect switch to the lock position, if you do not want to
record data.
■ Memory cards have a limited lifespan, so it is important to backup
important data.
■ Do not write to a card if the battery power is low. Low power could affect
writing accuracy.
■ Do not remove a card while read/write is in progress.
For more details on using memory cards, see manuals accompanying the
cards.
3-16
User’s Manual
M9
Additional memory module
This computer is equipped with two memory slots; Slot A is beneath the
keyboard and Slot B is in the underside of the computer.
You can install additional memory into the computer in order to increase the
amount of system memory that is available. This section describes how to
install and remove optional memory modules.
■ You should place a mat beneath the computer in order to prevent the
computer’s lid from becoming scratched or damaged when you are
installing/replacing the memory module. In this instance you should
avoid mats that are made of materials that hold or generate static
electricity.
■ When installing or removing a memory module, you must ensure that
you do not touch any other internal areas of the computer.
■ Insert the two memory modules into Slot A and Slot B respectively. The
computer will operate in dual channel mode.
You can access the inserted memory modules efficiently in dual
channel.
■ Use only memory modules approved by TOSHIBA.
■ Do not try to install or remove a memory module under the following
conditions.
a. The computer is turned on.
b. The computer was shut down in either Sleep or Hibernation Mode.
c. Wake-up on LAN is enabled.
d. Wake-up on Wireless LAN is enabled.
e. The wireless communication switch is turned on.
■ Be careful not to let screws or other foreign matter fall into the
computer. It could cause malfunction or electric shock.
■ Additional memory module is a precision electronic component that
may be fatally damaged by static electricity. Since the human body can
carry static electricity, it is important that you discharge yourself before
touching or installing any additional memory modules. To discharge
your body’s static electricity, simply touch any metal close to you with
bare hands.
Point to note about memory module error
If you install a memory module that is not compatible with the computer, the
Power indicator will flashes (on for 0.5 seconds, off for 0.5 seconds) in the
following ways;
■ If there is an error in only Slot A or no memory module is inserted in
Slot A: repeatedly flashes orange twice, then green.
■ If there is an error in Slot B: repeatedly flashes orange, then green
twice.
■ If there are errors in both Slot A and Slot B: repeatedly flashes orange
twice, then green twice.
User’s Manual
3-17
M9
In all instances you should shut down the computer and remove the
incompatible module(s).
Use a point size 0 Phillips screwdriver to remove and fasten the screws the use of an incorrect screwdriver can damage the screw heads.
Installing a memory module (Slot A)
To install a memory module, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Set the computer to Boot Mode and turn its power off - make sure the
Power indicator is off (refer to the Turning off the power section in
Chapter 1, Getting Started, if required).
2. Remove the AC adaptor and all cables and peripherals connected to
the computer.
3. Turn the computer upside down and remove the battery pack (refer to
Replacing the battery pack section in Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up
Modes, if required).
4. Turn your computer over.
5. Open the display panel so that the screen faces directly upward.
6. Slip your finger under a notch at the end of the keyboard brace and lift
up to release latches and remove the keyboard brace.
Keyboard brace
Removing the keyboard brace
7. Remove two screws securing the keyboard.
Use a point size 0 Phillips screwdriver.
3-18
User’s Manual
M9
8. Lift up the back of the keyboard, rotate it toward you and lay in face
down on the palm rest.
■ Never allow metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips, to
enter the computer or keyboard. Foreign metal objects can create a
short circuit, which can cause computer damage and fire, possibly
resulting in serious injury.
■ When you move the keyboard forward, do not touch the keys. Doing so
could cause misalignment. Hold the keyboard by the sides and lay it
gently on the palm rest.
■ The keyboard is connected to the computer by a keyboard ribbon
cable. Be careful not to apply tension to this cable when you lift up the
keyboard. Do not try to disconnect this cable.
Screws
Removing two screws and rotate the keyboard
9. Remove the two screws and take off the memory module cover.
Screws
Memory module cover
Removing the memory module cover
User’s Manual
3-19
M9
10. Align the notch of the memory module with that of the memory slot and
gently insert the module into the slot at about a 45 degree angle before
holding it down until the latches on either side snap into place.
Slot A
Installing the memory module
■ Never allow metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips, to
enter the computer or keyboard. Foreign metal objects can create a
short circuit, which can cause computer damage and fire, possibly
resulting in serious injury.
■ Do not touch the connectors on the memory module or on the
computer. Debris on the connectors may cause memory access
problems.
■ The memory module cover will be hot after using the computer for long
periods of time. Exercise caution when removing.
■ The slot A is reserved for main memory. Use the slot B for expanded
memory. If only one card is installed, use the slot A.
■ Align the grooves along the edges of the memory module with the
locking tabs on the connector and insert the module into the connector
firmly - if you find it difficult to install the memory module, gently prise
the locking tabs outwards using the tip of your finger.
Please also ensure that you hold the memory module along its left and
right hand edges - the edges with the grooves in.
11. Screw in the two screws and replace the memory module cover.
3-20
User’s Manual
M9
12. Tuck the keyboard ribbon cable into the groove under the memory
module cover.
Memory module cover
Screws
Keyboard ribbon cable
Seating the memory module cover
13. Insert the tabs on the front of the keyboard into the corresponding
notches on the computer and place the keyboard down.
When seating the keyboard, be sure to connect the circuit board if the
keyboard ribbon cable was pulled out while you were removing the
keyboard.
14. Replace the keyboard and secure it using the two screws.
Be sure to use all two screws removed in step 7. Make sure no screw was
dropped into the computer. Make sure no foreign matter can be found
inside the computer.
Keyboard
Screws
Tabs
Replace the keyboard
15. Set the keyboard brace into its groove and hold down to secure the
latches.
16. Install the battery pack. Refer to Replacing the battery pack section in
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes, for details.
17. Turn your computer over.
18. Turn the computer on and make sure the added memory is recognized to confirmed it, Start -> Control Panel -> System and Maintenance ->
System icon.
User’s Manual
3-21
M9
Removing a memory module (Slot A)
The slot A is reserved for main memory. Use the slot B for expanded
memory. If only one card is installed, use the slot A.
To remove the memory module, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Set the computer to Boot Mode and turn its power off - make sure the
Power indicator is off (refer to the Turning off the power section in
Chapter 1, Getting Started, if required).
2. Remove the AC adaptor and all cables and peripherals connected to
the computer.
3. Turn the computer upside down and remove the battery pack (refer to
Replacing the battery pack section in Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up
Modes, if required).
4. Follow steps 4 through 9 in Installing a memory module (Slot A) to
appear the memory module.
5. Push the latches to the outside to release the memory module. A spring
will force one end of the memory module up.
6. Grasp the sides of the module and pull it out.
■ If you use the computer for a long time, the memory modules and the
circuits locating close to the memory modules will become hot. In this
case, let them cool to room temperature before you replace them. Or
you will get burnt if you touch any of them.
■ Do not touch the connectors on the memory module or on the
computer. Debris on the connectors may cause memory access
problems.
Latches
Removing the memory module
7. Rotate the keyboard back into place and secure the keyboard brace as
described in the previous section.
8. Install the battery pack. Refer to Replacing the battery pack section in
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes, for details.
9. Turn your computer over.
3-22
User’s Manual
M9
Installing a memory module (Slot B)
To install a memory module, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Set the computer to Boot Mode and turn its power off - make sure the
Power indicator is off (refer to the Turning off the power section in
Chapter 1, Getting Started, if required).
2. Remove the AC adaptor and all cables and peripherals connected to
the computer.
3. Turn the computer upside down and remove the battery pack (refer to
the Replacing the battery pack section in Chapter 6, Power and PowerUp Modes, if required).
4. Loosen the screw securing the memory module cover in place - please
note that this screw is attached to the cover in order to prevent it from
being lost.
Use a point size 0 Phillips screwdriver.
5. Slide your fingernail or a thin object under the cover and lift it off.
Memory module cover
Screw
Removing the memory module cover
6. Align the notch of the memory module with that of the memory slot and
gently insert the module into the slot at about a 45 degree angle before
holding it down until the latches on either side snap into place.
Slot B
Seating the memory module
User’s Manual
3-23
M9
■ Never allow metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips, to
enter the computer. Foreign metal objects can create a short circuit,
which can cause computer damage and fire, possibly resulting in
serious injury.
■ Do not touch the connectors on the memory module or on the
computer. Debris on the connectors may cause memory access
problems.
Align the grooves along the edges of the memory module with the locking
tabs on the connector and insert the module into the connector firmly - if
you find it difficult to install the memory module, gently prise the locking
tabs outwards using the tip of your finger.
Please also ensure that you hold the memory module along its left and
right hand edges - the edges with the grooves in.
7. Seat the memory module cover in place and secure it with one screw.
Take care to ensure that the memory module cover is firmly closed.
Memory module cover
Screw
Seating the memory module cover
8. Install the battery pack - refer to Replacing the battery pack section in
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes, if required.
9. Turn your computer over.
10. Turn the computer on and make sure the added memory is recognized to confirmed it, Start -> Control Panel -> System and Maintenance ->
System icon.
Removing a memory module (Slot B)
To remove the memory module, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Set the computer to Boot Mode and turn its power off - make sure the
Power indicator is off (refer to the Turning off the power section in
Chapter 1, Getting Started, if required).
2. Remove the AC adaptor and all cables and peripherals connected to
the computer.
3-24
User’s Manual
M9
3. Turn the computer upside down and remove the battery pack (refer to
Replacing the battery pack section in Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up
Modes, if required).
4. Loosen the screw securing the memory module cover in place - please
note that this screw is attached to the cover in order to prevent it from
being lost.
5. Slide your fingernail or a thin object under the cover and lift it off.
6. Push the latches away from the module in order to release it - a spring
will force one end of the module up at an angle.
7. Grasp the module by its edges and remove it from the computer.
■ If you use the computer for a long time, the memory modules and the
circuits locating close to the memory modules will become hot. In this
case, let them cool to room temperature before you replace them. Or
you will get burnt if you touch any of them.
■ Do not touch the connectors on the memory module or on the
computer. Debris on the connectors may cause memory access
problems.
Latches
Removing the memory module
8. Seat the memory module cover in place and secure it with one screw.
Take care to ensure that the memory module cover is firmly closed.
9. Install the battery pack - refer to Replacing the battery pack section in
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes, if required.
10. Turn your computer over.
User’s Manual
3-25
M9
Hard disk drive pack
An extra hard disk drive expands the flexibility of your system and allows
you to carry your data separately without having to carry the computer.
Use a point size 0 Phillips screwdriver to remove and fasten the screws the use of an incorrect screwdriver can damage the screw heads.
Removing the hard disk drive pack
To remove the hard disk drive pack, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Set the computer to Boot Mode and turn its power off - make sure the
Power indicator is off (refer to the Turning off the power section in
Chapter 1, Getting Started, if required).
2. Remove the AC adaptor and all cables and peripherals connected to
the computer.
3. Turn the computer upside down and remove the battery pack (refer to
Replacing the battery pack section in Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up
Modes, if required).
4. Loosen two screws securing the hard disk drive cover in place.
5. Lift the cover up and out, and remove it from the computer.
Screws
Hard disk drive cover
Removing the hard disk drive cover
6. Pull the hard disk drive pack up to a vertical position by holding the
plastic tab.
3-26
User’s Manual
M9
7. With the hard disk drive in a vertical position, lift it straight up and away
from the connector.
Never allow metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips, to
enter the computer. Foreign metal objects can create a short circuit, which
can cause computer damage and fire, possibly resulting in serious injury.
Plastic tab
Connector
Hard disk drive pack
Removing the hard disk drive pack
Installing the hard disk drive pack
To install the hard disk drive pack, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Move the connector until it is vertical.
2. Hold the hard disk drive vertically with its label on the left.
3. Connect the hard disk drive to the connector.
Ensure that the hard disk drive is connected to the connector in a vertical
position. If the hard disk drive is slanted and connected to the connector, it
might damage the connector.
User’s Manual
3-27
M9
4. With the connector connected, lower the hard disk drive down to the
storage position.
Never allow metal objects, such as screws, staples and paper clips, to
enter the computer. Foreign metal objects can create a short circuit, which
can cause computer damage and fire, possibly resulting in serious injury.
Connector
Hard disk drive pack
Installing the hard disk drive pack
5. Seat the cover and press down until the latches click into place.
6. Secure the cover with two screws.
Check that the screws are the proper length and reattach the cover.
7. Turn your computer over.
3-28
User’s Manual
M9
Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor
You can increase your computer’s data storage capacity by installing an
additional 100.0 billion bytes (93.16 GB) hard disk drive in the Ultra Slim
Bay.
To install a hard disk drive in the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor follow the
steps below.
1. Slide the lock to the unlock position and open the lid.
Lock
Lid
Opening the lid
2. Insert the hard disk drive in the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor and push
forward to ensure a firm connection.
Tuck the Plastic tab underneath the hard disk drive.
Hard disk drive
Inserting the hard disk drive
User’s Manual
3-29
M9
3. Close the lid and slide the lock to the lock position.
Lid
Closing the lid
For details on inserting the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor in the computer’s
Ultra Slim Bay slot, refer to Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
External monitor
An external analog monitor can be connected to the external monitor port
on the computer. To connect a monitor, follow the steps as detailed below:
Connecting the monitor cable
1. Turn the computer’s power off.
2. Connect the monitor cable to the external monitor port.
Monitor cable
External monitor port
Connecting the monitor cable to the external monitor port
3. Turn the external monitor’s power on.
4. Turn the computer’s power on.
When you turn on the power, the computer will automatically recognize the
monitor and determine whether it is a color or monochrome device. In the
event that you find that there are issues getting an image displayed on the
correct monitor, you should consider using the Fn + F5 hot key to change
the display settings (if you then disconnect the external monitor before you
turn the computer’s power off, be sure to press Fn + F5 hot key again to
switch to the internal display).
3-30
User’s Manual
M9
Please refer to Chapter 5, The Keyboard, for further details on using hot
keys to change the display setting.
Do not disconnect the external monitor while in Sleep or Hibernation Mode.
Turn off the computer before disconnecting the external monitor.
USB FDD Kit
The USB floppy disk drive accommodates either a 1.44 MB or 720 KB
floppy disk and connects to one of the computer’s USB ports.
USB connector
Disk-In-Use Indicator
Floppy disk slot
Eject button
The USB floppy disk drive
Connecting the USB floppy disk drive
To connect the drive, plug the floppy disk drive’s USB connector into a
computer’s USB port.
Make sure the connector is properly aligned with the socket. Do not try to
force the connection, doing so can damage the connecting pins.
USB connector
USB port
Connecting the USB floppy disk drive
If you connect the USB floppy disk drive after the computer has already
been turned on, it will take about ten seconds for it to be recognized by the
computer. Do not attempt to disconnect and reconnect the drive before this
period has elapsed.
User’s Manual
3-31
M9
Disconnecting the USB floppy disk drive
When you have finished using the USB floppy disk drive, you can follow the
procedures below in order to disconnect it:
1. Wait for the Disk-In-Use Indicator light to go out to make sure all floppy
disk activity has stopped.
If you disconnect the USB floppy disk drive or turn off the power while the
computer is accessing the drive you may lose data or damage the floppy
disk or the drive.
2. Click the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the Windows Task Bar.
3. Click the USB floppy disk drive device that you want to remove.
4. Carefully pull the floppy disk drive’s USB connector out from within the
computer’s USB port.
i.LINK (IEEE1394)
i.LINK (IEEE1394) is used for high-speed data transfer for a range of
compatible devices such as:
■ Digital video cameras
■ Hard disk drives
■ MO drives
■ Writable optical disc drives
i.LINK uses a four-pin connector, which does not carry any electric current.
External devices will need their own power supply to operate.
Precautions
■ Make a back-up of your data before transferring it to the computer.
There is a possibility that the original data will be damaged. There is a
particular risk that some frames will be deleted in the case of digital
video transfer. TOSHIBA assumes no liability for such loss of data.
■ Do not transfer data in areas where static electricity is easily generated
or in areas subjected to electronic noise. Data can be destroyed.
■ If you are transferring data through an IEEE1394 hub, do not connect or
disconnect other devices from the hub during data transfer. There is a
likelihood that data will be damaged. Connect all devices to the hub
before you turn on the computer’s power.
■ You may not use any copyrighted video or music data copied from a
video camera except for your personal enjoyment.
■ If you connect/disconnect an i.LINK device to/from another i.LINK
device that is currently exchanging data with the computer, data frames
might be dropped.
■ Make sure data transfer has ended or turn off the computer, before you:
■ Connect/disconnect an i.LINK device to/from the computer.
■ Connect/disconnect an i.LINK device to/from another i.LINK device
that is connected to the computer.
3-32
User’s Manual
M9
Connecting
1. Make sure the connectors are properly aligned and plug the i.LINK
(IEEE1394) cable into the computer.
i.LINK (IEEE1394) port
i.LINK (IEEE1394)
connector
Connecting the i.LINK (IEEE1394) cable into the computer
2. Plug the other end of the cable into the device.
Note the following when you use i.LINK:
■ You may need to install drivers for your i.LINK devices.
■ Not all i.LINK devices have been tested. Therefore, compatibility with all
i.LINK devices cannot be guaranteed.
■ Some devices might not support sleep or automatic off functions.
■ Do not connect or disconnect an i.LINK device while it is using an
application or when the computer is automatically shutting it down to
save power. Data might be destroyed.
Disconnecting
1. Open the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the Task Bar.
2. Point to i.LINK (IEEE1394) device and click.
3. Disconnect the cable from the computer then from the i.LINK device.
Refer also to the documentation that came with your i.LINK device.
User’s Manual
3-33
M9
Serial port
The serial connector can be used to connect to RS-232C compatible
devices.
RS-232C compatible devices include the following:
■ Modem
■ Mouse
■ Printer
To connect a serial port, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Turn the computer’s power off.
2. Connect the serial connector to the serial port and tighten the screws on
the left and right hand side.
Serial connector
Serial port
Connecting the serial connector to the serial port
TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator
In addition to the ports available on the computer, the TOSHIBA Express
Port Replicator. The TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator connects directly to
the docking interface on the underside of the computer. The AC adaptor
connects the TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator to a power source.
The computer must be configured properly before connecting to a LAN.
Logging onto a LAN using the computer’s default settings could cause a
malfunction in LAN operation. Check with your LAN administrator
regarding set-up procedures.
■ You must connect the AC adaptor before you connect to a TOSHIBA
Express Port Replicator.
■ When a TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator is connected to the
computer, you can not use the following computer’s ports: LAN jack,
DC IN 15V jack and External monitor port.
■ When connecting an AC Adaptor to the TOSHIBA Express Port
Replicator, use only the AC Adaptor included with TOSHIBA Express
Port Replicator. Do not use the computer’s AC Adaptor.
3-34
User’s Manual
M9
The following ports are available on the TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator.
■ RJ45 LAN jack
■ External monitor port
■ DC IN 15V jack
■ Security lock slot
■ Universal Serial Bus 2.0 port (four)
■ DVI port
■ As the port operation of all DVI (Digital Visual Interface) monitors has
not been confirmed, some DVI monitors may not function properly.
■ Set the TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator’s Slide Adjuster to SLIDE
position #3 when connecting this computer to the TOSHIBA Express
Port Replicator. Refer to the TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator User’s
Manual for more details on connection methods.
Security lock
A security locks enable you to anchor your computer a desk or other heavy
object in order to help prevent unauthorized removal or theft. The computer
has a security lock slot on its left side into which you can attach one end of
the security cable, while the other end attaches to a desk or similar object.
The methods used for attaching security cables differ from product to
product. Please refer to the instructions for the product you are using for
more information.
Connecting the security lock
In order to connect a security cable to the computer, follow the steps as
detailed below:
1. Turn the computer so its left hand side faces you.
2. Align the security cable with the “lock hole” and secure it in place.
Security lock slot
Security lock
User’s Manual
3-35
M9
Optional accessories
You are able to add a number of options and accessories in order to make
your computer even more powerful and convenient to use. For reference,
the following list details some of the items that are available from your
reseller or TOSHIBA dealer:
3-36
DDR2-667 Memory
Module
A 512 MB, 1,024 MB or 2,048 MB memory
module (DDR2-667) can easily be installed in the
computer.
Universal AC
Adaptor
If you frequently use your computer at more than
one site, it may be convenient to purchase an
additional AC adaptor to be kept at each site in
order to remove the need to always carry the
adaptor with you.
Battery Pack
An additional battery pack can be purchased for
use as either a spare or replacement. Please
refer to Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes
for further information.
High Capacity
Battery Pack
An additional battery pack can be purchased for
use as either a spare or replacement.
Extended Capacity
Battery Pack
An additional battery pack can be purchased for
use as either a spare or replacement.
Battery Charger
The optional battery charger allows you to
charge extra battery packs outside of having to
use the computer.
USB FDD Kit
The USB floppy disk drive accommodates either
a 1.44 MB or 720 KB floppy disk through
connection to one of the computer’s USB ports.
In use, please be aware that, while you cannot
format 720 KB floppy disks under Windows
Vista™, you are able to read and write to disks
that have already been formatted.
TOSHIBA Express
Port Replicator
The TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator provides
the ports available on the computer in addition to
a digital visual interface (DVI) port, External
monitor port, four Universal Serial Bus ports
(USB 2.0) and a LAN jack.
100 GB HDD Kit
(Serial-ATA)
You can increase your computer’s data storage
capacity with an additional 100.0 billion bytes
(93.16 GB) hard disk drive.
User’s Manual
M9
Ultra Slim Bay options
The following modules can be installed in the Ultra Slim Bay. All other
modules are options.
User’s Manual
Ultra Slim Bay HDD
Adaptor
An adaptor lets you install an optional hard disk
drive described in Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor.
Ultra Slim Bay DVD
Super Multi (Double
Layer) Drive Kit
Refer to the Hardware section for details.
3-37
M9
3-38
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 4
Operating Basics
This chapter describes the basic operations of your computer, highlights
the precautions that should be taken when using it.
TOSHIBA Dual Pointing Device
The computer is equipped with a dual point system: a Touch Pad and an
AccuPoint pointing stick.
Using the Touch Pad
To use the Touch Pad, simply touch and move your fingertip across it in the
direction you want the on-screen pointer to go.
AccuPoint
AccuPoint
control buttons
Touch Pad control
buttons
Touch Pad
Touch Pad and Touch Pad control buttons
The two buttons below the Touch Pad are used like the buttons on a
standard mouse - press the left button to select a menu item or to
manipulate text or graphics designated by the pointer, and press the right
button to display a menu or other function depending on the software you
are using.
User’s Manual
4-1
M9
You can also tap the Touch Pad to perform functions similar to those of the
left button on a standard mouse.
Click: Tap once
Double-click: Tap twice
Drag and drop: Tap to select the item(s) you want to move, leave your
finger on the Touch Pad after the second tap and then move the item(s)
to their new destination.
Using the AccuPoint
To use the AccuPoint, simply push it with your finger tip in the direction you
want to move the on-screen pointer.
Two buttons above the Touch Pad work in the same way with the AccuPoint
as they do with the Touch Pad. Refer to the Using the Touch Pad section
for details.
AccuPoint precautions
Certain conditions can affect the on-screen pointer when using AccuPoint.
For example, the pointer may travel contrary to AccuPoint operation or an
error message may appear, if
■ You touch the AccuPoint during power-up.
■ You apply constant, soft pressure during power-up.
■ There is a sudden temperature change.
■ Strong stress is applied to the AccuPoint.
If an error message appears, reboot the computer. If an error message
does not appear, wait a moment for the pointer to stop, then continue
operation.
Replacing the cap
The AccuPoint cap is an expendable item that should be replaced after
prolonged use. The spare AccuPoint cap is supplied with the computer.
1. To remove the AccuPoint cap, firmly pinch the cap and pull it straight up.
AccuPoint cap
Removing the AccuPoint cap
4-2
User’s Manual
M9
2. Position a new cap on the peg and press it into place.
The peg is square, so be careful to align the cap’s square hole with the
peg.
Using the Fingerprint Sensor
This product has a fingerprint utility installed for the purpose of enrolling
and recognizing fingerprints. By enrolling the ID and password onto the
fingerprint authentication feature, it is no longer necessary to input the
password from the keyboard. Fingerprint feature enables you to:
■ Logon to Windows and access a security enabled homepage through
Internet Explorer.
■ Files and folders can be encrypted/decrypted and third party access to
them prevented.
■ Disable the password-protected screen-saver when returning from a
power-saving mode such as Sleep Mode.
■ Authentication of the User Password (and, if applicable, the HDD(Hard
Disk Drive) Password) when booting up the computer (Power-on
Security).
■ Single Sign-on facility
How to Swipe your Finger
Using the following steps when swiping fingers for fingerprint registration or
authentication will help to minimize authentication failures:
Align the first joint of the finger at the center of the sensor, then lightly touch
the sensor and swipe finger horizontally towards you until the sensor
surface becomes visible. In performing this process, you should also take
care to ensure that the center of your fingerprint is on the sensor.
The following illustrations show the recommended way to swipe your finger
over the fingerprint sensor.
Sensor
Sensor
Swipe the finger
User’s Manual
4-3
M9
■ Avoid swiping with your finger stiff or pressed too hard onto the sensor,
and take care to ensure that the center of the fingerprint is touching the
sensor before swiping. Either of these conditions may cause fingerprint
reading to fail.
■ Check the center of the fingerprint whirl before swiping and then
ensure this is swiped along the center line of the sensor.
■ There is a possibility of authentication failures if the finger is swiped too
quickly or too slowly - follow any on-screen instructions to adjust the
speed used during the swipe process.
Points to note about the Fingerprint Sensor
Please be aware of the following considerations when using the fingerprint
sensor. A failure to follow these guidelines might result in damage to the
sensor, sensor failure, fingerprint recognition problems or a lower
fingerprint recognition success rate.
■ Do not scratch or poke the sensor with your nails or any hard or sharp
objects.
■ Do not press the sensor strongly.
■ Do not touch the sensor with a wet finger or any wet objects - keep the
sensor surface dry and free from water vapor.
■ Do not touch the sensor with a soiled or dirty finger as minute foreign
particles of dust and dirt may scratch it.
■ Do not paste stickers or write on the sensor.
■ Do not touch the sensor with a finger or any other object which may
have a build-up of static electricity on it.
Observe the following before you place your finger on the sensor whether
for fingerprint enrollment/registration or recognition.
■ Wash and dry your hands thoroughly.
■ Remove static electricity from your fingers by touching any metal
surface. Static electricity is a common cause of sensor failures,
especially when the weather is dry.
■ Clean the sensor with a lint-free cloth - do not use detergent or any
other chemicals to clean the sensor.
■ Avoid the following finger conditions for enrollment or recognition as
they may result in fingerprint enrollment errors or a drop in the
fingerprint recognition success rate
■ Soaked or swollen finger, for example as may occur after taking a
bath.
■ Injured finger
■ Wet finger
■ Soiled or oily finger
■ Extremely dry skin condition on finger
4-4
User’s Manual
M9
Observe the following to improve the fingerprint recognition success rate.
■ Enroll two or more fingers.
■ Enroll additional fingers if a recognition failure often occurs when using
already enrolled fingers.
■ Check the condition of your finger - any conditions which have changed
since enrollment, such as injury, rough skin, and extremely dry, wet,
soiled, dirty, oily, soaked or swollen fingers, may lower the recognition
success rate. Also if the fingerprint is worn down or the finger becomes
thinner or fatter, the recognition success rate may be lowered.
■ As the fingerprint for each finger is different and unique you should
ensure that only the registered or enrolled fingerprint or fingerprints are
used for identification.
■ Check the position and speed at which you swipe your finger across the
sensor - please refer to the preceding drawing.
■ The fingerprint sensor compares and analyzes the unique
characteristics in a fingerprint. However, there may be instances where
certain users are unable to register their fingerprints due to insufficient
unique characteristics in their fingerprints.
■ The recognition success rate may differ from user to user.
How to Delete the Fingerprint Data
Saved fingerprint data is stored in special non-volatile memory inside the
fingerprint sensor. Therefore, if you give the computer to someone else, or
dispose of it in any way, the following process is recommended to delete
your fingerprint information:
1. To run this program, click Start -> All Programs -> Protector Suite QL
-> Control Center.
2. The Protector Suite Software screen is displayed.
3. Click Fingerprints and click Delete.
4. Click Settings and click Fingerprint Storage Inspector.
5. The Fingerprint Storage Inspector screen will be displayed. If
fingerprint data is displayed as part of the list, simply select all of this
information and then Remove.
6. Check whether all of the fingerprint data was deleted on the
Fingerprint Storage Inspector screen.
In use, please be aware of the following limitations of the fingerprint sensor:
■ A warning message will be displayed when recognition is abnormal or
recognition is not successful within a fixed duration.
■ The fingerprint sensor compares and analyzes the unique
characteristics in a fingerprint. However, there may be instances where
certain users are unable to register their fingerprints due to insufficient
unique characteristics in their fingerprints.
■ The recognition success rate may differ from user to user.
User’s Manual
4-5
M9
■ Toshiba does not guarantee that this fingerprint recognition technology
will be error-free.
■ Toshiba does not guarantee that the fingerprint sensor will recognize
the enrolled user or accurately screen out unauthorized users at all
times. Toshiba is not liable for any failure or damage that might arise out
of the use of this fingerprint recognition software or utility.
Points to note about the Fingerprint Utility software
You are able to backup saved fingerprint data and information within the
PasswordBank by using the Import or Export User Data facility under the
fingerprint management software. However, please be aware that any
encrypted files cannot be backup within FileSafe using this function - in
these instances it is recommended that you backup these files to external
media using standard file copy processes.
The Encrypting File System (EFS) is a Windows Vista™ feature.
If a file is encrypted using EFS, it cannot be encrypted further using the
fingerprint authentication function.
If both the fingerprint sensor and Trusted Platform Module (TPM) security
are used as identification devices, you must install and configure the
Infineon TPM Professional package first before you setup and configure the
fingerprint utility. Please refer to the TPM (Trusted Platform Module)
Installation Guide for further information on the installation and
configuration considerations relating to TPM.
In the Help File, it is stated that this software’s PasswordBank function can
be used for managing security relating to the Internet as well as for general
applications. However, please be aware that the Internet PasswordBank
function within the fingerprint utility provided on this computer can only be
used with Microsoft’s Internet Explorer software.
4-6
User’s Manual
M9
Set Up Procedure
Please use the following procedure when first using fingerprint
authentication.
Fingerprint Registration
You should initially enroll the required authentication data using the User
Enrollment Wizard.
■ In use, the fingerprint authentication system will use the same
username and password as defined within the Windows operating
system. If no Windows password has been configured, you must do
this before starting the fingerprint registration process.
■ Up to twenty-one fingerprint patterns can be registered on this sensor.
1. To run this program, click Start -> All Programs -> Protector Suite QL
-> User Enrollment.
You are also able to start the User Enrollment Wizard by using the
following methods.
■ Click the Protector Suite QL icon in the Task Bar.
■ Swipe your finger across the Fingerprint Sensor.
2. Click Next.
3. At the User’s Password screen which is then displayed, you should
ensure that the same Windows username is displayed before entering
the appropriate password into the Enter your password field. Once
this has been done, click Next.
4. At the Hints for Fingerprint Enrollment screen, confirm the message
displayed and ensure that there is a check mark in the Run Interactive
Tutorial box. Once this has been done, click Next.
5. At the Correct Swipe Procedure screen, confirm the message that is
displayed and then click Next.
6. At the Scanning Practice screen, you are able to practice swiping your
finger to ensure you use the correct method. Once you have finished
practicing, click Next.
7. At the User’s Fingers screen, select the finger that you wish to enroll
from the illustration and then click Next. On this screen please be
aware that any previously enrolled fingerprints would have green check
marks, while the fingerprint that you are about to enroll will have a red
check mark. If any of the previously enrolled fingerprints is selected
again, the latest information will be enrolled and any previous
information over-written.
8. At Advanced Security screen, select whether you wish to enable the
security function, and then click Next.
9. At Finalization screen, click Finish - this will complete the fingerprint
registration process.
User’s Manual
4-7
M9
Windows Logon via Fingerprint Authentication
If required, you are also able to use fingerprint authentication in place of the
usual Windows logon process using your username and password. This
method is especially useful where there are many users using the same
computer as it removes the need for actual user selection when the system
is started.
Fingerprint Authentication Procedure
1. Start up the computer.
2. At the Logon Authorization screen, choose any of the enrolled fingers
and swipe the fingerprint on the sensor - if the authentication process is
successful, the user will automatically be logged in to Windows.
If the fingerprint authentication process fails you will need to log into
Windows using the appropriate username and password. In addition, you
should use this manual login process if fingerprint authentication fails for
three consecutive tries - a warning message will be displayed when
authentication is not normal or is not successful within a fixed duration.
Fingerprint Power-on Security
General
The fingerprint authentication system can be used to replace the keyboard
based password authentication system that is used when the computer is
turned on.
If you do not want to use the fingerprint authentication system for password
authentication when the computer is turned on, but instead prefer to use
the keyboard entry method instead, simply press the BkSP (backspace)
key when the Fingerprint Power-on Security screen is displayed. Using this
process will switch the password input screen across to the keyboard
based entry screen.
■ You must ensure that you use the TOSHIBA Password Utility to
register a User Password before using the Fingerprint Power-on
Security and its extended function to allow fingerprints to be used to
access the computer when it is turned on.
■ If the fingerprint authentication process fails five times, a preset time
limit is exceeded, or you press the BkSP (backspace) key,
[Password =] will be displayed on the screen and you will have to
enter either the User Password or Supervisor Password manually in
order to start the computer.
■ When swiping your finger, please ensure that you do it slowly and at a
constant speed. If you find that this does not improve the authentication
rate, you should try to adjust the speed at which the finger is swiped.
■ If there are any changes in the environment or settings related to
authorization, you will be required to provide authorization information
such as a User Password (and, if applicable, the HDD(Hard Disk Drive)
password).
4-8
User’s Manual
M9
How to Enable Fingerprint Power-on Security Settings
It is necessary to first enroll your fingerprint with the Protector Suite QL
application prior to enabling and configuring the Fingerprint Power-on
Security System. You should check that your fingerprint is enrolled before
configuring the settings (please refer to the Manual for Fingerprint
Registration/Enrollment for further instructions).
1. Swipe your finger across the fingerprint sensor.
2. MENU will appear in the lower right corner of the screen. Swipe your
finger on the fingerprint sensor and then select Control Center from the
items presented in this menu.
3. At the Fingerprint Software Management screen, click Settings and
then click Power-on Security.
4. At the Power-on Security screen, place a check mark in the Replace
the power-on and hard disk drive passwords with the fingerprint sensor
setting and then click OK.
Fingerprint Single Sign-on Feature
General
This is a feature that allows the user to complete the authentication for both
the User/BIOS Password (and, if applicable, the HDD(Hard Disk Drive)
Password) and logging onto Windows using only one fingerprint
authentication when booting up. It is necessary to register the User/BIOS
Password and Windows Logon Password before using the Fingerprint
Power-on Security and this Fingerprint Single Sign-on Feature. Please use
the TOSHIBA Password Utility to register your User/BIOS Password. If
Windows Logon is not the default for your system, see Manual to register
your Windows Logon Password.
Only one fingerprint authentication is required to replace the User/BIOS
Password (and, if applicable, the HDD(Hard Disk Drive) Password) and the
Windows Logon Password.
How to Enable Fingerprint Single Sign-on Feature
It is necessary to first enroll your fingerprint with the Protector Suite QL
application prior to enabling and configuring the Fingerprint Single Sign-on
feature. You should check that your fingerprint is enrolled before
configuring the settings (please refer to the Manual for Fingerprint
Registration/Enrollment for further instructions).
1. Swipe your finger across the fingerprint sensor.
2. MENU will appear in the lower right corner of the screen. Swipe your
finger on the fingerprint sensor and then select Control Center from the
items presented in this menu.
3. At the Fingerprint Software Management screen, click Settings and
then click System Settings.
4. At the Protector Suite Settings screen, place a check mark in the
Allow power-on security single sign-on setting within Enable logon
support and then click OK.
User’s Manual
4-9
M9
Fingerprint utility limitations
TOSHIBA does not guarantee that the fingerprint utility technology will be
completely secure or error-free, or that it will accurately screen out
unauthorized users at all times. TOSHIBA is not liable for any failure or
damage that might arise out of the use of the fingerprint software.
■ The fingerprint sensor compares and analyzes the unique
characteristics in a fingerprint. However, there may be instances where
certain users are unable to register their fingerprints due to insufficient
unique characteristics in their fingerprints.
■ The recognition success rate may differ from user to user.
Changing Ultra Slim Bay modules
This section explains how to change modules in the Ultra Slim Bay. The
illustrations show replacement of the optical disc drive with the Ultra Slim
Bay HDD Adaptor. Therefore, the text refers to those modules. However,
the procedures are the same for any of the modules: DVD Super Multi drive
and HDD adaptor.
To avoid injury, do not put your hand into the Ultra Slim Bay slot.
Removing a module
Remove the optical disc drive as described below.
1. You can confirm that the disks are not operating with indicators.
If all indicators are off, it means that no disks are operating currently.
2. Turn the computer upside down.
Wait for all disk indicators to go out before you turn over the computer and
do not lay the computer down gently. Shock can damage the HDD or other
components.
3. Remove the Ultra Slim Bay lock screw from the Lock position.
4. Set the Ultra Slim Bay lock screw in the Unlock position.
5. Slide the Ultra Slim Bay latch to the unlock position.
4-10
User’s Manual
M9
6. Grasp the optical disc drive and slide it out.
The optical disc drive and other Ultra Slim Bay modules can become hot
with use. Be careful when removing the module.
Ultra Slim Bay latch
Lock screw
(Unlock position)
Lock position
Optical disc drive
Removing the optical disc drive
Inserting a module
Insert the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor as described below.
1. Insert the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor in the computer as shown below
and press until the ejector clicks.
2. Remove the Ultra Slim Bay lock screw from the Unlock position.
3. If you want to lock the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor, set the Ultra Slim
Bay lock screw in the hole for the lock position.
Lock screw
(Lock position)
Unlock position
Ultra Slim Bay HDD
Adaptor
Inserting the Ultra Slim Bay HDD Adaptor
User’s Manual
4-11
M9
Using optical disc drives
The full-size drive provides high-performance execution of CD/DVD-ROMbased programs. You can run either 12 cm (4.72") or 8 cm (3.15")
CD/DVDs without an adaptor. An ATAPI interface controller is used for
CD/DVD-ROM operation. When the computer is accessing a
CD/DVD-ROM, an indicator on the drive glows.
Use the WinDVD application to view DVD-Video discs.
If you have a DVD Super Multi drive, refer also to the Writing CD/DVDs on
DVD Super Multi drives section for precautions on writing to CDs/DVDs.
When the power of the optical disc drive is off, pressing the Fn + Tab keys
will turn the power of the optical disc drive on. Furthermore, it is possible to
set it to turn the power of the optical disc drive on and eject the tray at the
same time.
Loading discs
To load CD/DVDs, follow the steps below.
1. When the computer’s power is on, press the eject button to open the
disc tray slightly.
2. Grasp the disc tray gently and pull until it is fully opened.
Eject button
Disc tray
Pressing the eject button and pulling the disc tray open
4-12
User’s Manual
M9
3. Lay the CD/DVD, label side up, in the disc tray.
Laser lens
Inserting a CD/DVD
When the disc tray is fully opened, the edge of the computer will extend
slightly over the CD/DVD tray. Therefore, you will need to turn the CD/DVD
at an angle when you place it in the disc tray. After seating the CD/DVD,
however, make sure it lies flat.
■ Do not touch the laser lens or any portion of its surrounding casing as
this could cause misalignment.
■ Prevent foreign objects from entering the drive. Check the surface of
the disc tray, especially the area behind the front edge of the disc tray,
to make sure there are no such objects before closing the drive.
4. Press gently at the center of the CD/DVD until you feel it click into
place. The CD/DVD should lie below the top of the spindle, flush with
the spindle base.
5. Push the center of the disc tray to close it. Press gently until it locks into
place.
If the CD/DVD is not seated properly when the disc tray is closed, the
CD/DVD might be damaged. Also, the disc tray might not open fully when
you press the eject button.
Closing the CD/DVD disc tray
User’s Manual
4-13
M9
Removing discs
To remove the CD/DVD, follow the steps below.
Do not press the eject button while the computer is accessing the media
drive. Wait for the optical disc drive indicator to go out before you open the
disc tray. Also, if the CD/DVD is spinning when you open the disc tray, wait
for it to stop before you remove it.
1. To pop the disc tray partially open, press the eject button. Gently pull
the disc tray out until it is fully opened.
When the disc tray pops open slightly, wait a moment to make sure the
CD/DVD has stopped spinning before pulling the disc tray fully open.
2. The CD/DVD extends slightly over the sides of the disc tray so you can
grasp it. Gently lift out the CD/DVD.
Removing a CD/DVD
3. Push the center of the disc tray to close it. Press gently until it locks into
place.
4-14
User’s Manual
M9
How to remove CD/DVD when the disc tray will not open
Pressing the eject button will not open the disc tray when the computer
power is off. If the power is off, you can open the disc tray by inserting a
slender object (about 15 mm) such as a straightened paper clip into the
eject hole near the eject button.
Eject hole
Manual release with the eject hole
Turn off the power before you use the eject hole. If the CD/DVD is spinning
when you open the disc tray, the CD/DVD could fly off the spindle and
cause injury.
User’s Manual
4-15
M9
Writing CD/DVDs on DVD Super Multi drives
You can use the DVD Super Multi drive to write data to either CD-R,
CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R (Double
Layer), DVD+RW or DVD-RAM discs. The TOSHIBA Disc Creator is
provided for writing.
■ Please refer to the Writable discs, Chapter 2 for details about the types
of writable CD and DVD discs that can be supported by this computer.
■ Do not turn off the power to the optical disc drive while the computer is
accessing it as this may cause you to lose data.
■ To write data to CD-R/-RW media, use the TOSHIBA Disc Creator
feature that is installed on your computer.
■ When the power of the optical disc drive is off, the disc tray will not
open even if the eject button is pushed. Use the ODD to turn the power
of the optical disc drive on. Please refer to Chapter 5, Hot keys.
When writing information to media using an optical drive, you should
always ensure that you connect the AC adaptor to a live power socket. It is
possible that, if data is written while powered by the battery pack, the write
process may sometimes fail due to low battery power - in these instances
data loss may occur.
Important message
Before you write or rewrite to any of the media supported by the DVD
Super Multi Drive, please read and follow all of the setup and operating
instructions in this section. If you fail to do so, you may find that the DVD
Super Multi drive may not function properly, and you may fail to write or
rewrite information successfully - this may cause you to either lose data or
incur other damage to the drive or media.
Legal Footnotes
TOSHIBA does not bear responsibility for the following:
■ Damage to any CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW,
DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer), DVD+RW or DVD-RAM disc that may
be caused by writing or rewriting with this product.
■ Any change or loss of the recorded contents of CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R,
DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer),
DVD+RW or DVD-RAM media that may be caused by writing or
rewriting with this product, or for any business profit loss or business
interruption that may be caused by the change or loss of the recorded
contents.
■ Damage that may be caused by using third party equipment or
software.
4-16
User’s Manual
M9
Given the technological limitations of current optical disc writing drives, you
may experience unexpected writing or rewriting errors due to disc quality or
problems with hardware devices. In view of this, it is good practice to make
two or more copies of important data, in case of any undesired change or
loss of the recorded contents.
Before writing or rewriting
■ Based on TOSHIBA’s limited compatibility testing, we suggest the
following manufacturers of CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual
Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer), DVD+RW or
DVD-RAM media, however, it must be noted that disc quality can affect
write or rewrite success rates. Please also be aware that in no event
does TOSHIBA guarantee the operation, quality or performance of any
disc.
CD-R:
TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD.
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
RICOH Co., Ltd.
CD-RW: (Multi-Speed and High-Speed)
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
RICOH Co., Ltd.
CD-RW: (Ultra-Speed)
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
DVD-R:
DVD Specifications for Recordable Disc for General Version 2.0
TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD.
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd
DVD-R (Dual Layer):
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
DVD+R:
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
RICOH Co., Ltd.
DVD+R (Double Layer): (Double Layer Recordable drive only)
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
DVD-RW:
DVD Specifications for Recordable Disc for Version 1.1 or
version 1.2
VICTOR COMPANY OF JAPAN.LIMITED
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
User’s Manual
4-17
M9
DVD+RW:
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
RICOH Co., Ltd.
DVD-RAM: (DVD Super Multi drive only)
DVD Specifications for DVD-RAM Disc for Version 2.0, Version 2.1
or Version 2.2
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Hitachi Maxell Ltd.
■ This drive cannot use discs that allow writing faster than 16x speed
(DVD-R and DVD+R media), 8x speed (DVD-R (Dual Layer),
DVD+RW and DVD+R (Double Layer) media), 6x speed (DVD-RW
media), 5x speed (DVD-RAM media).
■ Some types and formats of DVD-R (Dual Layer) and DVD+R (Double
Layer) discs may be unreadable.
■ 2.6 GB and 5.2 GB DVD-RAM media cannot be read from or written to.
■ DISC created in DVD-R (Dual Layer) format4 (Layer Jump Recording)
cannot be read.
■ If the disc is poor in quality, or is dirty or damaged, writing or rewriting
errors may be noted - ensure that you check all discs for dirt or damage
before you use them.
■ The actual number of rewrites to CD-RW, DVD-RW, DVD+RW or
DVD-RAM media will be affected by the quality of the disc itself and the
way in which it is used.
■ There are two types of DVD-R media available, authoring discs and
general use discs. Do not attempt to use authoring discs as only
general use discs can be written to by a computer drive.
■ You can use both DVD-RAM discs that can be removed from a cartridge
and DVD-RAM discs designed without a cartridge.
■ You may find that other computer DVD-ROM drives or other DVD
players may not be able to read DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW,
DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer) or DVD+RW discs.
■ Data written to a CD-R, DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD+R or
DVD+R (Double Layer) discs cannot be deleted either in whole or in
part.
■ Data deleted/erased from a CD-RW, DVD-RW, DVD+RW or DVD-RAM
disc cannot be recovered. You must check the content of the disc
carefully before you delete it, taking care that, if multiple drives that can
write data to discs are connected, you do not delete data from the
wrong one.
■ In writing to DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R
(Double Layer), DVD+RW or DVD-RAM media, some space is required
for file management, so you may not be able to write to the full capacity
of the disc.
4-18
User’s Manual
M9
■ Since the disc is based on the DVD standard, it might be filled with
dummy data if the written data is less than about 1 GB. Therefore, in
these circumstance, even if you write only a small amount of data, it
might take additional time to fill in the dummy data.
■ When multiple drives that can write data to discs are connected, be
sure that you do not write to or delete data from the wrong drive.
■ Be sure to connect the AC adaptor to the computer before you write or
rewrite any information.
■ Before you enter either Sleep Mode or Hibernation Mode, take care to
ensure that any DVD-RAM writing has been completed. In this instance,
writing is finished if you can eject the DVD-RAM media.
■ Be sure to close all other software programs except for the writing
software itself.
■ Do not run software such as a screen saver which can put a heavy load
on the processor.
■ Operate the computer at its full power settings - do not use any
power-saving features.
■ Do not write information while virus checking software is running,
instead wait for it to finish, then disable the virus protection applications,
including any software that checks files automatically in the
background.
■ Do not use any hard disk utilities, including those that are intended to
enhance hard disk drive access speeds, as they may cause unstable
operation and damage data.
■ CD-RW (Ultra Speed +) media should not be used as data may be lost
or damaged.
■ You should always write from the computer’s hard disk drive onto the
CD/DVD - do not try to write from shared devices such as a server or
any other network device.
■ Writing with software other than TOSHIBA Disc Creator has not been
confirmed, therefore operation with other software applications cannot
be guaranteed.
User’s Manual
4-19
M9
When writing or rewriting
Please observe the following points while you write or rewrite data to CD-R,
CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R (Double
Layer), DVD+RW or DVD-RAM media:
■ Always copy data from the hard disk drive to the optical media - do not
use the cut-and-paste function as the original data will be lost if there is
a write error.
■ Do not perform any of the following actions:
■ Change users in the Windows Vista™ operating system.
■ Operate the computer for any other function, including such tasks as
using a mouse or Touch Pad, or closing/opening the display panel.
■ Start a communication application such as a modem.
■ Apply impact or vibration to the computer.
■ Install, remove or connect external devices, including such items as
a PC Card, SD/SDHC Card, USB device, external monitor, i.LINK
device, or an optical digital device.
■ Use the audio/video control button to reproduce music or voice.
■ Open the optical disc drive.
■ Do not use shut down, log off, Sleep Mode or Hibernation Mode
functions while writing or rewriting.
■ Make sure that the write/rewrite operation is completed before going
into either Sleep Mode or Hibernation Mode (writing is completed if you
can remove an optical media on the DVD Super Multi drive).
■ If the media is of poor quality, or is dirty or damaged, writing or rewriting
errors may occur.
■ Set the computer on a level surface and avoid places subject to
vibration such as airplanes, trains or cars. In addition, do not use the
computer on an unstable surface such as a stand.
■ Keep mobile phones and other wireless communication devices away
from the computer.
TOSHIBA Disc Creator
Please be aware of the following limitations when you use the TOSHIBA
Disc Creator:
■ DVD Video cannot be created using TOSHIBA Disc Creator.
■ DVD Audio cannot be created using TOSHIBA Disc Creator.
■ You cannot use TOSHIBA Disc Creator’s “Audio CD for Car or Home
CD Player” function to record music to DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer),
DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer) or DVD+RW media.
■ Do not use the “Disc Backup” function of TOSHIBA Disc Creator in
order to copy DVD Video or DVD-ROM material that has copyright
protection.
4-20
User’s Manual
M9
■ DVD-RAM discs cannot be backed up using the “Disc Backup” function
of TOSHIBA Disc Creator.
■ You cannot back up CD-ROM, CD-R or CD-RW media to DVD-R,
DVD-R (Dual Layer) or DVD-RW media using the “Disc Backup”
function of TOSHIBA Disc Creator.
■ You cannot back up CD-ROM, CD-R or CD-RW media to DVD+R,
DVD+R (Double Layer) or DVD+RW media using the “Disc Backup”
function of TOSHIBA Disc Creator.
■ You cannot back up DVD-ROM, DVD Video, DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual
Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer) or DVD+RW to
CD-R or CD-RW media using the “Disc Backup” function of TOSHIBA
Disc Creator.
■ TOSHIBA Disc Creator cannot record in packet format.
■ You might not be able to use the “Disc Backup” function of TOSHIBA
Disc Creator to back up a DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW,
DVD+R, DVD+R (Double Layer) or DVD+RW disc that was made with
other software on a different optical media recorder.
■ If you add data to a DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD+R or DVD+R
(Double Layer) disc that you have already recorded to, you might not be
able to read the added data under some circumstances. For example, it
cannot be read under 16-bit operating systems, such as Windows 98SE
and Windows Me, while in Windows NT4 you will need Service Pack 6
or later, and in Windows 2000, you will need Service Pack 2. In addition
to this, some DVD-ROM and DVD-ROM / CD-R/RW drives cannot read
this added data regardless of the operating system.
■ TOSHIBA Disc Creator does not support recording to DVD-RAM discs to achieve this you should use Windows Explorer or another similar
utility.
■ When you back up a DVD disc, be sure that the source drive supports
recording to DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+R
(Double Layer) or DVD+RW media - if this is not the case then the
source disc might not be backed up correctly.
■ When you back up a DVD-R, DVD-R (Dual Layer), DVD-RW, DVD+R,
DVD+R (Double Layer) or DVD+RW disc, be sure to use the same type
of disc.
■ You cannot partially delete any data written to a CD-RW, DVD-RW or
DVD+RW disc.
User’s Manual
4-21
M9
Data Verification
To verify that data has been written or rewritten correctly to a data CD/DVD
you should follow the steps below before you begin the write/rewrite
process:
1. Display the setting dialog box by one of the following two steps:
■ Click the setting button (
) for writing on the main toolbar in the
Data CD/DVD mode.
■ Select Setting for writing -> Data CD/DVD in the Setting menu.
2. Mark the Verify written data check box.
3. Select File Open or Full Compare mode.
4. Click the OK button.
How to learn more about TOSHIBA Disc Creator
Please refer to the Help files for additional TOSHIBA Disc Creator
information.
Media care
This section provides tips on protecting data stored on your CD’s, DVD’s
and floppy disks. Handle your media with care. Following the simple
precautions listed below will increase the lifetime of your media and protect
the data stored on it.
CD/DVDs
1. Store your CD’s and DVD’s in the containers they originally came in to
protect them and keep them clean.
2. Do not bend the CD’s or DVD’s.
3. Do not write on, apply a sticker to, or otherwise mar the surface of the
CD or DVD that contains the data.
4. Hold the CD or DVD by its outside edge or the edge on the center hole any fingerprints on the surface of the disc can prevent the drive from
properly reading data.
5. Do not expose the CD or DVD to direct sunlight, extreme heat or cold.
6. Do not place heavy objects on your CD’s or DVD’s.
7. If your CD’s or DVD’s become dusty or dirty, wipe them with a clean dry
cloth from the center hole outwards - do not wipe in a circular direction.
If necessary, you can use a cloth that has been lightly dampened in
water or a neutral cleaner but you must not use benzine, thinner or any
similar cleaning solution.
4-22
User’s Manual
M9
Floppy disks
The USB floppy disk drive is available only as an option.
1. Store your floppy disks in the container they came in to protect them
and keep them clean. If a floppy disk becomes dirty, clean it with a soft,
lightly dampened cloth - do not use cleaning fluid.
2. Never open the shutter or touch the magnetic surface of your floppy
disk - doing this could permanently damage it and lose data.
3. Always handle floppy disks with care to prevent the loss of stored data.
4. Always apply the floppy disk label in the correct location and never
apply a new label on top of an existing one - in this instance the label
could come loose and damage the floppy disk drive.
5. Never use a pencil for writing on a floppy disk label as the dust from the
pencil lead could cause a system malfunction if it found its way onto the
computer’s components. In this instance, always use a felt-tipped pen
and write the label first before applying it to the floppy disk.
6. Never put a floppy disk in a location where water or other liquid may
make contact with it, or where it is excessively damp - either of these
conditions could cause data loss.
7. Never use a wet or damp floppy disk - this could damage the floppy disk
drive or other devices within the computer.
8. Data may be lost if the floppy disk is twisted, bent, or exposed to direct
sunlight, extreme heat or cold.
9. Do not place heavy objects on your floppy disks.
10. Do not eat, smoke, or use items such as erasers near your floppy disks
as foreign particles inside the jacket of the floppy disk can damage the
magnetic surface.
11. Magnetic energy can destroy the data on your floppy disks. In view of
this you should keep your floppy disks away from speakers, radios,
televisions and other sources of magnetic fields.
Sound System
This section describes some of the audio control functions.
Volume Mixer
The Volume Mixer utility lets you control the audio volume for playback of
devices and applications under Windows.
■ To launch the Volume Mixer utility, right click on the speaker icon on the
taskbar, and select Open Volume Mixer from the sub menu.
■ To adjust the volume level of speakers or headphones, move the
Speakers slider.
■ To adjust the volume level of an application that you are using, move
the slider for the corresponding application.
User’s Manual
4-23
M9
Microphone Level
Follow the steps below to change the microphone recording level.
1. Right click on the speaker icon on the taskbar, and select Recording
Devices from the sub menu.
2. Select Microphone, and click Properties.
3. On the Levels tab move the Microphone slider to increase or decrease
the microphone volume level.
If you feel the microphone volume level is inadequate, move the
Microphone Boost slider to a higher level.
PC Beep Level
Follow the steps below to change the PC Beep playback level.
1. Right click on the speaker icon on the taskbar, and select Playback
Devices in the sub menu.
2. Select Speakers, and click Properties.
3. On the Levels tab move the PC Beep slider to increase or decrease the
PC Beep volume level.
Audio Enhancements
In order to apply the sound effects for your current speaker, follow the steps
below.
1. Right click on the speaker icon on the taskbar, and select Playback
Devices from the sub menu.
2. Select Speakers, and click Properties.
3. On the Enhancement tab select the sound effects you would like, and
click Apply.
Realtek HD Audio Manager
The Realtek HD Audio Manager provides you a user interface to change
various audio configuration settings. Some of the Realtek HD Audio
Manager functions can also be accessed via the Sound properties in the
control panel.
The Environment, Equalizer, Karaoke, and Power Management
functions can only be accessed via the Realtek HD Audio Manager.
Environment
You can select 23 kinds of sound effects using the pull down menu in the
Environment pane. Five standard effects, Sweeper Pipe, Bathroom,
Arena, Stone Room, and Auditorium, can be accessed via picture buttons.
Equalizer
You can select 12 kinds of optimized settings for equalization using the pull
down menu in the Equalizer pane. Four standard settings, Pop, Live, Club,
and Rock, can be accessed via buttons.
4-24
User’s Manual
M9
Karaoke
The Karaoke function eliminates voices from sounds. Use the Up and the
Down arrow buttons to adjust key in which a sound is played.
Power Management
The audio controller in your computer can be powered down when the
audio is not used. Click the battery button on the lower right of the Realtek
HD Audio Manager to configure audio power management settings.
■ The circle button on the top left of the Power Management window will
appear blue when audio power management in enabled.
■ Audio power management is disabled if the button appears black.
TOSHIBA Mic Effect
TOSHIBA Mic Effect provides you with a hands-free environment for
holding mutual communication via the Internet Protocol or Local Area
Network. If you wish to communicate with someone on your computer,
you can use a messenger application. However, with such an application,
you would hear your own voice returning to you as echo during the
communication if you did not use a headset system or headphone.
TOSHIBA Mic Effect will reduce these echoes generated on your computer.
To apply the echo cancellation, follow the steps below.
1. Click the right button of a mouse on the speaker icon on the taskbar,
and select Playback Devices in the sub menu.
2. On the Playback tab, select Speakers, and click Properties.
3. On the Advanced tab, select “16 bit, 48000 Hz (DVD Quality)” in the
pull-down menu of Default Format, and then click OK.
4. On the Recording tab, select Microphone, and click Properties.
5. On the Advanced tab, select “2 channel, 16 bit, 48000 Hz (DVD
Quality)” in the pull-down menu of the Default Format pane.
6. On the TOSHIBA Mic Effect tab, select the Enable Echo Canceller
check box, and click Apply.
User’s Manual
4-25
M9
Modem
This section describes how to connect and disconnect the internal modem
to and from a telephone jack.
Click the icon with the secondary mouse button to display the properties
menu on the screen.
■ Connection to any communication line other than an analog phone line
could cause a computer system failure.
■ Connect the built-in modem only to ordinary analog phone lines.
■ Never connect the built-in modem to a digital line (ISDN).
■ Never connect the built-in modem to the digital connector on a
public telephone or to a digital private branch exchange (PBX).
■ Never connect the built-in modem to a key telephone system for
residences or offices.
■ Never operate your computer on AC power during a thunderstorm. If
you see lightning or hear thunder, immediately turn off the computer.
An electric surge caused by the storm, may result in a system failure,
loss of data or hardware damage.
■ Modem functions cannot be used in models which are not equipped
with a modem.
Region selection
Telecommunication regulations vary from one region to another, so you will
need to make sure the internal modem’s settings are correct for the region
in which it will be used.
The built-in modem can be used only in specified countries and regions.
Using the modem in an area not specified for use may cause a system
failure. Check the specified areas carefully before using it.
To select a region, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Click Start -> All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> Networking -> Modem
Region Select.
If it is available, do not use the Country/Region Select function included as
part of the modem setup utility within the Control Panel - if you change the
country/region setting this way you may find that the change does not take
effect.
2. The Region Selection icon will appear in the Windows Task Bar.
3. Click the icon with the primary (left) mouse button to display a list of
regions that the modem supports, together with a sub-menu which
details telephony location information - a check mark will appear next to
the currently selected region and telephony location.
4-26
User’s Manual
M9
4. Select either a region from the region menu or a telephony location from
the sub-menu.
■ When you click a region it becomes the modem’s default selection
for any new dialling locations that are created within the Windows
Control Panel (Phone and Modem Options).
■ When you select a telephony location, the corresponding region is
automatically selected and becomes the modem’s default setting.
Properties menu
Click the icon with the secondary (right) mouse button in order to display a
Properties menu on the screen.
Setting
Within the Properties menu you can are able to either enable or disable the
following settings:
AutoRun Mode
Allows you to configure whether the Modem Region Select utility starts
automatically whenever you start up the operating system.
Open the Dialing Properties dialog box after selecting region.
Allows you to configure whether the dialing properties dialog box will be
displayed automatically after you have selected a region.
Location list for region selection.
Displays a sub-menu appears which details location information.
Open dialog box, if the modem and Telephony Current
Location region code do not match.
Displays a warning if the current settings for both region code and
telephony location are different.
Modem Selection
If the computer cannot recognize the internal modem, a dialog box is
displayed from which you should select the appropriate communications
port for your modem to use.
Dialing Properties
You should select this item in order to display the dialing properties.
If you are using the computer in Japan, the Telecommunications Business
Law requires that you select Japan region mode. It is illegal to use the
modem in Japan with any other selection.
User’s Manual
4-27
M9
Connecting the modular cable
To connect the modem’s modular cable, follow the steps as detailed below:
■ Connection to any communication line other than an analog phone line
could cause a computer system failure.
■ Connect the built-in modem only to ordinary analog phone lines.
■ Never connect the built-in modem to a digital line (ISDN).
■ Never connect the built-in modem to the digital connector on a
public telephone or to a digital private branch exchange (PBX).
■ Never connect the built-in modem to a key telephone system for
residences or offices.
■ Never operate your computer on AC power during a thunderstorm. If
you see lightning or hear thunder, immediately turn off the computer.
An electric surge caused by the storm, may result in a system failure,
loss of data or hardware damage.
1. Plug the end of the modular cable into the computer’s modem jack.
2. Plug the other end of the modular cable into a telephone jack.
Telephone jack
Modem jack
Modular cable
Connecting the internal modem
Do not pull on the cable or move the computer while the cable is
connected.
If you use a storage device such as an optical disc drive or hard disk drive
connected to a 16-bit PC Card, you might experience the following
problems with the operation of the modem:
■ The modem speed is slow or communication is periodically interrupted.
■ Skips or jumps may be noted in sound.
4-28
User’s Manual
M9
Disconnecting the modular cable
To disconnect the internal modular cable, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Pinch the lever on the plug in the telephone jack and pull it out from
within the connector.
2. Pinch the lever on the plug in the computer’s modem jack and pull it out
from within the computer.
Wireless communications
The computer’s wireless communication function supports both Wireless
LAN and Bluetooth devices.
Only some models are equipped with both Wireless LAN and Bluetooth
functions.
■ Do not use the Wireless LAN (Wi-Fi) or Bluetooth functionalities near a
microwave oven or in areas subject to radio interference or magnetic
fields. Interference from a microwave oven or other source can disrupt
Wi-Fi or Bluetooth operation.
■ Turn Wi-Fi and Bluetooth functionalities off when near a person who
may have a cardiac pacemaker implant or other medical electric
device. Radio waves may affect pacemaker or medical device
operation, possibly resulting in serious injury. Follow the instruction of
your medical device when using any Wi-Fi or Bluetooth functionality.
■ Always turn off Wi-Fi or Bluetooth functionality if the computer is near
automatic control equipment or appliances such as automatic doors or
fire detectors. Radio waves can cause malfunction of such equipment,
possibly resulting in serious injury.
■ It may not be possible to make a network connection to a specified
network name using the ad hoc network function.
If this occurs, the new network(*) will have to be configured for all
computers connected to the same network in order to re-enable
network connections.
* Please be sure to use new network name.
User’s Manual
4-29
M9
Wireless LAN
The Wireless LAN is compatible with other LAN systems based on Direct
Sequence Spread Spectrum / Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
radio technology that complies with the IEEE802.11 Wireless LAN standard
(Revision A, B, G or N Draft Ver. 1.0).
Do not install or remove a memory module while Wake-up on Wireless
LAN is enabled.
■ The Wake-up on Wireless LAN function consumes power even when
the system is off. Leave the AC adaptor connected while using this
feature.
■ The Wake-up on Wireless LAN function is effective only when it is
connected with an Access Point. This function becomes invalid when
the connection is broken.
■ Frequency Channel Selection of 5GHz for IEEE 802.11a or 2.4 GHz for
802.11b/g
■ Roaming over multiple channels
■ Card power management
■ Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) data encryption based on an 128-bit
encryption algorithm
■ Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
■ The values shown above are the theoretical maximums for Wireless
LAN standards. The actual values may differ.
■ The transmission speed over the wireless LAN, and the distance over
which the wireless LAN can reach, may vary depending on surrounding
electromagnetic environment, obstacles, access point design and
configuration, client design and software/hardware configurations.
The transmission rate described is the theoretical maximum speed as
specified under the appropriate standard - the actual transmission
speed will be lower than the theoretical maximum speed.
Setting
1. Please make sure that the Wireless Communication Switch is turned
on.
2. Click Start and then click Connect to to display Connect to a network
window.
3. Click Set up a connection or network.
4. Follow the wizard. You will need the name of the wireless network
together with security settings. Consult the documentation
accompanied with your router or ask your wireless network
administrator for the settings.
4-30
User’s Manual
M9
Security
■ TOSHIBA strongly recommend that you enable encryption functionality,
otherwise your computer will be open to illegal access by an outsider
using a wireless connection. If this occurs, the outsider may illegally
access your system, eavesdrop, or cause the loss or destruction of
stored data.
■ TOSHIBA is not liable for the loss of data due to eavesdropping or
illegal access through the wireless LAN and the damage thereof.
Bluetooth wireless technology
Bluetooth® wireless technology eliminates the need for cables between
electronic devices such as desktop computers, printers and mobile phones.
You cannot use the computer’s built-in Bluetooth functions and an optional
Bluetooth devices simultaneously. For reference, Bluetooth wireless
technology has the following features:
Worldwide operation
The Bluetooth radio transmitter and receiver operate in the 2.4 GHz band,
which is license-free and compatible with radio systems in most countries
in the world.
Radio links
You can easily establish links between two or more devices, with these
links being maintained even if the devices are not within a line-of-sight of
each other.
Security
Two advanced security mechanisms ensure a high level of security:
■ Authentication prevents access to critical data and makes it impossible
to falsify the origin of a message.
■ Encryption prevents eavesdropping and maintains link privacy.
Bluetooth® Stack for Windows® by TOSHIBA
Please note that this software is specifically designed for the following
operating systems:
■ Microsoft® Windows Vista™
Information regarding the use of this software with these operating systems
is listed below, with further details being contained with the electronic help
files supplied with the software.
This Bluetooth® Stack is based on the Bluetooth® Version 1.1/1.2/2.0+EDR
specification. However, TOSHIBA cannot confirm the compatibility
between any computing products and/or other electronic devices that use
Bluetooth®, other than TOSHIBA notebook computers.
User’s Manual
4-31
M9
Release Notes related to the Bluetooth® Stack for Windows®
by TOSHIBA
1. Fax application software:
Please be aware that there is some fax application software that you
cannot use on this Bluetooth® Stack.
2. Multi-user considerations:
On Windows Vista™, the use of Bluetooth is not supported in a multiuser environment. This means that, when you use Bluetooth, other
users that are logged into the same computer will not be able to use this
type of functionality.
Product Support:
The latest information regarding operating system support, language
support or available upgrades can be found on our web site
http://www.toshiba-europe.com/computers/tnt/bluetooth.htm in Europe or
www.pcsupport.toshiba.com in the United States.
Wireless communication switch
You can enable or disable Wireless communication (Wireless LAN and
Bluetooth) functions, with the on/off switch. No transmissions are sent or
received when the switch is off. Slide the switch to the right to turn it on and
to the left to turn it off.
Wireless communication Indicator
The wireless communication indicator shows the status of the computer’s
wireless communication functions.
Indicator status
Indication
Indicator off
The wireless communication switch is off - no
wireless functionality is available.
Indicator glows
Wireless communication switch is on. Wireless
LAN or Bluetooth is turned on by an application.
If you used the Task Bar to disable the wireless LAN, restart the computer
or perform the following procedure to re-enable it: Start, Control Panel,
System and Maintenance, System, Device Manager, Network
adapters, the wireless device and enable.
4-32
User’s Manual
M9
LAN
The computer has built-in support for Ethernet LAN (10 megabits per
second, 10BASE-T), Fast Ethernet LAN (100 megabits per second,
100BASE-TX) and Gigabit Ethernet LAN (1000 megabits per second,
1000BASE-T).
This section describes how to connect/disconnect to a LAN.
Do not install or remove a memory module while Wake-up on LAN is
enabled.
■ The Wake-up on LAN function consumes power even when the system
is off. Leave the AC adaptor connected while using this feature.
■ The Link speed (10/100/1000 megabits per second) changes
automatically depending on the network conditions (connected device,
cable or noise and so on).
LAN cable types
The computer must be configured properly before connecting to a LAN.
Logging onto a LAN using the computer’s default settings could cause a
malfunction in LAN operation. Check with your LAN administrator
regarding set-up procedures.
If you are using Gigabit Ethernet LAN (1000 megabits per second,
1000BASE-T), be sure to connect with a CAT5E cable or higher. You
cannot use a CAT3 or CAT5 cable.
If you are using Fast Ethernet LAN (100 megabits per second, 100BASE-TX),
be sure to connect with a CAT5 cable or higher. You cannot use a CAT3
cable.
If you are using Ethernet LAN (10 megabits per second, 10BASE-T), you
can connect with a CAT3 or higher cable
User’s Manual
4-33
M9
Connecting the LAN cable
To connect the LAN cable, follow the steps as detailed below:
■ Connect the AC adaptor before connecting the LAN cable. The AC
adaptor must remain connected during LAN use. If you disconnect the
AC Adaptor while the computer is accessing a LAN, the system may
hang up.
■ Do not connect any other cable to the LAN jack except the LAN cable.
Otherwise, malfunctions or damage may occur.
■ Do not connect any power supplying device to the LAN cable that is
connected to the LAN jack. Otherwise, malfunctions or damage may
occur.
1. Turn off the power to the computer and to all external devices
connected to the computer.
2. Plug one end of the cable into the LAN jack. Press gently until you hear
the latch click into place.
LAN jack
LAN cable
Connecting the LAN cable
3. Plug the other end of the cable into a LAN hub connector or router.
Check with your LAN administrator and hardware or software vendor
before using or configuring a network connection.
When the computer is exchanging data with the LAN, the LAN Active
indicator glows orange. When the computer is connected to a LAN hub but
is not exchanging data, the Link indicator glows green.
Disconnecting the LAN cable
To disconnect the LAN cable, follow the steps as detailed below:
Make sure the LAN Active indicator (orange LED) is out before you
disconnect the computer from the LAN.
1. Pinch the lever on the connector in the computer’s LAN jack and pull
out the connector.
2. Disconnect the cable from the LAN hub or router in the same manner.
Check with your LAN administrator and hardware or software vendor
before disconnecting from the hub.
4-34
User’s Manual
M9
Computer Handling
This section explains computer handling and maintenance.
Cleaning the computer
To help ensure long, trouble-free operation, keep the computer free of dust
and dirt, and use care with all liquids around it.
■ Be careful not to spill liquids into the computer. If the computer does get
wet, turn the power off immediately and let the computer dry completely
- in these circumstance you should get the computer inspected by an
authorized service provider in order to assess the scope of any
damage.
■ Clean the plastics of the computer using a slightly water dampened
cloth.
■ You can clean the display screen by spraying a small amount of glass
cleaner onto a soft, clean cloth and then wiping the screen gently with
the cloth.
Never spray cleaner directly onto the computer or let liquid run into any
part of it. Never use harsh or caustic chemical products to clean the
computer.
Moving the computer
While the computer is designed for rugged durability you should exercise a
few simple precautions when moving it in order to help ensure trouble-free
operation.
■ Before moving the computer, it is recommended that you change the
setting associated with the Hard Disk Drive Protection feature. Please
refer to the section, Using the Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Protection, in this
chapter for further information.
■ Make sure all disk/disc activity has ended before moving the computer check that the HDD and other indicators on the front of the computer
are off.
■ Turn off (shut down) the computer.
■ Disconnect the AC adaptor and all peripherals before moving the
computer.
■ Close the display panel.
■ Do not pick up the computer by its display panel.
■ Before carrying your computer, shut it down, disconnect the AC adaptor
and allow it to cool down - a failure to follow this instruction may result in
minor heat injury.
■ Be careful not to subject the computer to impact or shock - a failure to
follow this instruction could result in damage to computer, computer
failure or loss of data.
User’s Manual
4-35
M9
■ Never transport your computer with any cards installed - this may cause
damage to either the computer and/or the card resulting in product
failure.
■ Always use a suitable carry case when transporting the computer.
■ When carrying your computer, be sure to hold it securely so that it does
not fall or hit anything.
■ Do not carry your computer by holding any of its protruding elements.
Using the Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Protection
This computer has a function for reducing the risk of damage on the hard
disk drive.
Using an acceleration sensor built into the computer, TOSHIBA HDD
Protection detects vibration shocks and similar signs of movement of the
computer, and automatically moves the Hard Disk Drive head to a safe
position to reduce the risk of damage that could be caused by head-to-disk
contact.
■ This function does not guarantee that the hard disk drive will not be
damaged.
■ The secondary hard disk drive is not supported by the TOSHIBA HDD
protection function.
When vibration is detected, a message will be displayed on the screen, and
the icon in the taskbar notification area will change to the protection state.
This message is displayed until the OK button is pressed or 30 seconds
pass. When vibration subsides, the icon returns to the normal state.
Taskbar Icon
State
4-36
Icon
Description
Normal
TOSHIBA HDD Protection is enabled.
Protection
TOSHIBA HDD Protection is active. The
hard disk drive head is in a safe position.
OFF
TOSHIBA HDD Protection is disabled.
User’s Manual
M9
TOSHIBA HDD Protection Properties
You can change the TOSHIBA HDD Protection settings by using the
TOSHIBA HDD Protection Properties window. To open the window, click
Start -> All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> Utilities -> HDD Protection
Setting. The window can also be started from the icon on the Taskbar or
from the Control Panel.
HDD Protection
You can choose whether to enable or disable TOSHIBA HDD Protection.
Detection Level
This function can be set to four levels. The sensitivity levels in which
vibrations, impacts and their similar signs are detected can be set to OFF,
1, 2 and 3 in ascending order. Level 3 is recommended for better protection
of the computer. However, when the computer is used in a mobile
environment or in other unstable conditions, setting the detection level to 3
could result in frequent execution of TOSHIBA HDD Protection, which will
slow Hard Disk Drive reading and writing. Set a lower detection level when
the speed of Hard Disk Drive reading and writing is a priority.
Different detection levels can be set depending on whether the computer is
used as handheld or mobile usages, or whether it is used in a stable
environment such as on a table in the workplace or at home. By setting
different detection levels for the computer depending on whether it runs
with the AC power (desktop) or with batteries (handheld or mobile usage),
the detection level automatically switches according to the power
connection mode.
3D Viewer
This feature displays a 3D object on the screen which moves in according
to tilting or vibration of the computer.
When the TOSHIBA HDD Protection detects computer vibration the Hard
Disk Drive head is parked and the 3D object disk rotation will stop. When
the head is un-parked the disk will begin to rotate again.
The 3D Viewer can be started from the icon in the task tray.
■ This 3D object virtually represents the Computer’s internal Hard Disk
Drive. This representation may vary from the actual number of disks,
disk rotation, head movement, part size, shape and direction.
■ This feature may use a large amount of CPU and memory on some
models. The computer may become slow or sluggish when attempting
to run other applications while the 3D Viewer is displayed.
■ Intensely shaking the computer or other subjecting it to strong impacts
may cause damage to the computer.
User’s Manual
4-37
M9
Details
To open the Details window, click the Setup Detail button in the TOSHIBA
HDD Protection Properties window.
Detection Level Amplification
When the AC adaptor is disconnected or the lid is closed, HDD Detection
assumes that the computer will be carried and sets the detection level to
the maximum for 10 seconds.
TOSHIBA HDD Protection Message
Specify whether to display a message when TOSHIBA HDD Protection is
active.
■ This function does not work when the computer is starting, in Sleep
Mode, in Hibernation Mode, in transition to Hibernation Mode,
recovering from Hibernation Mode, or powered off. Be sure to not
subject the computer to vibration or impact while the function is
disabled.
■ This function only operates with Windows Vista™.
Heat dispersal
To protect against overheating, the processor is equipped an internal
temperature sensor which activates a cooling fan or lowers the processing
speed if the computer’s internal temperature rises to a certain level. You
are able to select whether to control this temperature by either turning on
the fan first, then if necessary lowering the processor speed, or by lowering
the processor speed first, then if necessary turning on the fan - these
functions are controlled within the Power Options.
When the processor’s temperature falls to a normal range, the fan will be
turned off and the processor operation returned to its standard speed.
If the processor’s temperature reaches an unacceptably high level with
either setting, the computer will automatically shuts down to prevent any
damage - in this instance all unsaved data in memory will be lost.
4-38
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 5
The Keyboard
The computer’s keyboard layouts are compatible with a 104/105-key
enhanced keyboard - by pressing some keys in combination, all of the
104/105-key enhanced keyboard functions can be performed on the
computer.
The number of keys available on your keyboard will depend on which
country/region your computer is configured for, with keyboards being
available for numerous languages.
In use there are six different types of keys, specifically typewriter keys,
function keys, soft keys, Hot keys, Windows special keys and the keypad
overlay.
Typewriter keys
The typewriter keys produce the upper-case and lower-case letters,
numbers, punctuation marks, and special symbols that appear on the
screen. However, there are some differences between using a typewriter
and using a computer keyboard:
■ Letters and numbers produced in computer text vary in width. Spaces,
which are created by a “space character” may also vary depending on
line justification and other factors.
■ The lowercase l (el) and the number 1 (one), together with the
uppercase O (oh) and the 0 (zero), are not interchangeable on
computers as they are on a typewriter.
■ The Caps Lock function key locks only the alphabetic characters into
upper-case while the Shift Lock function on a typewriter places all keys
in the shifted position.
■ The Shift keys, the Tab key, and the BkSp (backspace) key perform the
same function as their typewriter counterparts but also have special
computer functions.
Never remove the key caps on your keyboard. Doing so could cause
damage to the parts under the key caps.
User’s Manual
5-1
M9
Function keys: F1 … F12
The function keys (not to be confused with the special Fn key) are the
twelve keys at the top of your keyboard - these keys function differently
from other keys.
F1 through F12 are called function keys because they execute
programmed functions when pressed and, when used in combination with
the Fn key, those keys marked with icons also execute specific functions on
the computer. Please refer to the section, Soft keys: Fn key combinations,
in this chapter for further information, taking care to note that the function
executed by individual keys will depend on the software you are using.
Soft keys: Fn key combinations
The Fn (function) is unique to TOSHIBA computers and is used in
combination with other keys to form soft keys. Soft keys are key
combinations that enable, disable or configure specific features.
Please note that some software may disable or interfere with soft-key
operations, and that the soft-key settings are not restored when the
computer returns from Sleep Mode.
Emulating keys on an enhanced keyboard
A 104-key enhanced keyboard layout
This computer’s keyboard is designed to provide all the features of the
104-key enhanced keyboard.
Since the keyboard is smaller and has fewer keys, some of the enhanced
keyboard functions must be simulated using two keys instead of one on the
larger keyboard.
The Fn key can be combined with the following keys to simulate functions
similar to those of keys on the 104/105 key enhanced keyboard which are
not on this computer’s keyboard.
5-2
User’s Manual
M9
Press Fn + F10 or Fn + F11 to access the computer’s integrated keypad.
When activated, the keys with grey markings on their bottom edge become
either numeric keypad keys (Fn + F11) or cursor control keys (Fn + F10).
Please refer to the Keypad overlay section in this chapter for more
information on how to operate these keys, taking care to note that the
power on default for both settings is off.
Press Fn + F12 (ScrLock) to lock the cursor on a specific line. The power
on default is off.
Press Fn + Enter to simulate Enter on the enhanced keyboard’s numeric
keypad.
Hot keys
Hot keys (pressing Fn + a function or Esc key) let you enable or disable
certain features of the computer.
Mute: Pressing Fn + ESC turns the volume on and off.
Lock: Pressing Fn + F1 enters “Lock computer mode”. To restore your
desktop, you need to log on again.
Power Plan: Pressing Fn + F2 changes the power settings.
User’s Manual
5-3
M9
Sleep: Pressing Fn + F3 switches the system to Sleep mode.
Hibernate: Pressing Fn + F4 switches the system to Hibernate mode.
Output: Pressing Fn + F5 changes the active display device.
Brightness Down: Pressing Fn + F6 decreases the computer’s display
panel brightness in individual steps.
Brightness Up: Pressing Fn + F7 increases the computer’s display panel
brightness in individual steps.
Wireless: Pressing Fn + F8 switches the active wireless devices if the
wireless communication switch is switched on.
If no wireless communication device is installed, no dialog box will appear.
Touch Pad: Pressing Fn + F9 enables or disables the Touch Pad and
AccuPoint function.
Zoom: Pressing Fn + Space changes the display resolution.
5-4
User’s Manual
M9
ODD: Pressing Fn + Tab turns the power of the optical disc drive on/off or
ejects the disc tray.
TOSHIBA Zooming Utility (reduce): Pressing Fn + 1 reduces the icon
size on the desktop or the font sizes within one of the supported application
windows.
TOSHIBA Zooming Utility (enlarge): Pressing Fn + 2 enlarges the icon
size on the desktop or the font sizes within one of the supported application
windows.
Fn Sticky key
You can use the TOSHIBA Accessibility Utility to make the Fn key sticky,
that is, you can press it once, release it, and then press an “F number” key.
To start the TOSHIBA Accessibility utility, click Start -> All Programs ->
TOSHIBA -> Utilities -> Accessibility.
Windows special keys
The keyboard provides two keys that have special functions in Windows,
the Windows Start Button key activates the Start menu while the
application key has the same function as the secondary (right) mouse
button.
This key activates the Windows Start menu.
This key has the same function as the secondary (right) mouse button.
User’s Manual
5-5
M9
Keypad overlay
Your computer’s keyboard does not have a separate numeric keypad but
includes a numeric keypad overlay which functions like one - this is located
in the center of the keyboard with the relevant keys having grey letters at
their front edge. The overlay provides the same functions as the numeric
keypad on a standard 101/102-key enhanced keyboard.
Turning on the overlays
The numeric keypad overlay can be used for numeric data input or cursor
and page control.
Arrow mode
To turn on Arrow Mode, press Fn + F10 - the Arrow mode indicator lights
and you are able to access cursor and page control functions by using the
keys. You are able to press Fn + F10 again to turn off this overlay function.
Numeric mode
To turn on Numeric Mode, press Fn + F11 - the Numeric Mode indicator
lights and you are able to access numeric characters by using the keys.
You are able to press Fn + F11 again to turn off this overlay function.
The numeric keypad overlay
5-6
User’s Manual
M9
Temporarily using normal keyboard (overlay on)
While using the overlay, you can temporarily access the normal keyboard
functions without having to turn the overlay off:
1. Hold down Fn key and press any other key - this key will operate as if
the overlay were off.
2. Type upper-case characters by holding down Fn + Shift and pressing a
character key.
3. Release Fn key to continue using the selected overlay function.
Temporarily using overlay (overlay off)
While using the normal keyboard function, you can temporarily use the
keypad overlay without having to turn it on:
1. Hold down Fn key.
2. Check the keyboard indicators as pressing the Fn key will turn on the
most recently used overlay function - if the Numeric Mode indicator
lights you can use the overlay for numeric entry, while if the Arrow Mode
indicator lights, you can use the overlay for cursor and page control
function.
3. Release Fn key to return to normal keyboard operation.
Temporarily changing modes
If the computer is in Numeric Mode, you can switch temporarily to Arrow
Mode by pressing a Shift key, while if it is in Arrow Mode, you can switch
temporarily to Numeric Mode by also pressing a Shift key.
Generating ASCII characters
Not all ASCII characters can be generated using normal keyboard
operation, but you are able to generate these characters using their specific
ASCII codes.
With the overlay on:
1. Hold down Alt key.
2. Using the overlay keys, type the ASCII code of the character you
require.
3. Release Alt - the ASCII character will appear on the display screen.
With the overlay off:
1. Hold down Alt + Fn.
2. Using the overlay keys, type the ASCII code of the character you
require.
3. Release Alt + Fn - the ASCII character will appear on the display
screen.
User’s Manual
5-7
M9
5-8
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 6
Power and Power-Up Modes
The computer’s power resources include the AC adaptor, battery pack and
any internal batteries. This chapter provides details on making the most
effective use of these resources, and includes information on charging and
changing batteries, tips for saving battery power, and information on the
different power-up modes.
Power conditions
The computer’s operating capability and battery charge status are affected
by different power conditions, including whether an AC adaptor is
connected, whether a battery pack is installed and what the charge level is
for that battery.
Table 6-1 Power conditions
Power on
Power off
(no operation)
• Operates
• No charge
• LED: Battery green
DC IN green
• No charge
• LED: Battery green
DC IN green
Battery partially
charged or no
charge
• Operates
• Charge
• LED: Battery orange
DC IN green
• Quick charge
• LED: Battery orange
DC IN green
No battery
installed
• Operates
• No charge
• LED: Battery off
DC IN green
• No charge
• LED: Battery off
DC IN green
AC adaptor Battery fully
connected charged
User’s Manual
6-1
M9
Table 6-1 Power conditions continued
Power on
AC adaptor Battery charge
not
is above low
connected battery trigger
point
Power off
(no operation)
• Operates
• LED: Battery off
DC IN off
Battery charge
is below low
battery trigger
point
• Operates
• LED: Battery
flashes orange
DC IN off
Battery charge
is exhausted
Computer shuts down
No battery
installed
• No operation
• LED: Battery off
DC IN off
Monitoring of power condition
As shown in the below table, the Battery, DC IN and Power indicators on
the system indicator alert you to the computer’s operating capability and
battery charge status.
Battery indicator
Check the Battery indicator to determine the status of the battery pack.
The following indicator lights indicate the battery status:
Flashing orange
The battery charge is low, the AC adaptor must be
connected in order to recharge the battery.
Orange
Indicates the AC adaptor is connected and the
battery is charging.
Green
Indicates the AC adaptor is connected and the
battery is fully charged.
No light
Under any other conditions, the indicator does not
light.
If the battery pack becomes too hot while it is being charged, the charge
will stop and the Battery indicator will go out. When the battery pack’s
temperature falls to a normal range, charging will resume - this process will
occur regardless of whether the computer’s power is on or off.
6-2
User’s Manual
M9
DC IN indicator
Check the DC IN indicator to determine the power status with the AC
adaptor connected - the following indicator conditions should be noted:
Green
Indicates the AC adaptor is connected and is
correctly supplying power to the computer.
Flashing orange
Indicates a problem with the power supply. You
should initially try plugging the AC adaptor into
another power outlet - if it still does not operate
properly, you should contact your reseller or dealer.
No light
Under any other conditions, the indicator does not
light.
Power indicator
Check the Power indicator to determine the power status of the computer the following indicator conditions should be noted:
Green
Indicates power is being supplied to the computer
and the computer is turned on.
Blinking orange
Indicates that the computer is in Sleep Mode and
that there is sufficient power available (AC adaptor
or battery) to maintain this condition. In Sleep
Mode, this indicator will turn on for one second and
off for two seconds.
No light
Under any other conditions, the indicator does not
light.
Battery
This section explains battery types, handling and use.
Battery types
The computer has four different types of batteries.
Battery pack
When the AC adaptor is not connected, the computer’s main power source
is a removable lithium ion battery pack, also referred to in this manual as
the main battery. You can purchase additional battery packs for extended
use of the computer away from an AC power source although you should
not change the battery pack while the AC adaptor is connected.
Before you remove the battery pack, save your data and shut down the
computer, or place the computer into Hibernation Mode. Please be aware
that, when placing the computer into Hibernation Mode, the contents of
memory will be saved to the hard disk drive, although for safety sake, it is
best to also save your data manually.
User’s Manual
6-3
M9
Extended Capacity Battery Pack (Included with some
models, or option)
The Extended Capacity Battery Pack is included with some models, or can
be purchased separately as an optional accessory.
High Capacity Battery Pack (Included with some models, or
option)
The High Capacity Battery Pack is included with some models, or can be
purchased separately as an optional accessory.
Real Time Clock (RTC) battery
The Real Time Clock (RTC) battery provides power for the internal real
time clock and calendar function and also maintains the system
configuration while the computer is turned off. If the RTC battery becomes
completely discharged, the system will lose this information and the real
time clock and calendar will stop working - in this instance the following
message will be displayed when you turn on the power:
S
**** RTC battery is low or CMOS checksum is
inconsistent ****
Press [F1] key to set Date/Time.
You can change the Real Time Clock settings by turning the computer on
while pressing the Esc key and then the F1 key when prompted. Please
refer to Chapter 8 Troubleshooting, for further information.
The RTC battery does not charge while the computer is turned off even if
the AC adaptor is attached.
Care and use of the battery pack
This section provides the important safety precautions in order to handle
your battery pack properly.
Refer to the enclosed Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort for
detailed precautions and handling instructions.
■ Make sure the battery is securely installed in the computer before
attempting to charge the battery pack. Improper installation could
generate smoke or fire, or cause the battery pack to rupture.
■ Keep the battery pack out of reach of infants and children. It can cause
injury.
6-4
User’s Manual
M9
■ The battery pack, Extended Battery Pack and High Capacity Battery
Pack are lithium ion batteries, which can explode if not replaced, used,
handled or disposed of properly. Dispose of the battery as required by
local ordinances or regulations. Use only batteries recommended by
TOSHIBA as replacements.
■ The computer’s RTC battery is a Ni-MH battery and should be replaced
only by your dealer or by a TOSHIBA service representative. The
battery can explode if not properly replaced, used, handled or
disposed. Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or
regulations.
■ Charge the battery pack only in an ambient temperature between 5 and
35 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, the electrolyte solution might leak,
battery pack performance might deteriorate and the battery life might
be shortened.
■ Never install or remove the battery pack without first turning off the
power and disconnecting the AC adaptor. Never remove the battery
pack while the computer is in Sleep Mode. Data could be lost.
■ When the High Capacity Battery Pack is connected to the computer, do
not hold on only to the High Capacity Battery Pack when lifting the
computer up. The High Capacity Battery Pack may separate from the
computer, causing it to fall and cause injuries.
■ Never remove the battery pack while the Wake-up on LAN function is
enabled. Data will be lost. Before you remove a battery pack, disable
the Wake-up on LAN function.
■ Never remove the battery pack while the Wake-up on Wireless LAN
function is enabled. Data will be lost. Before you remove a battery
pack, disable the Wake-up on Wireless LAN function.
Charging the batteries
When the power in the battery pack becomes low, the Battery indicator will
flash orange to indicate that only a few minutes of battery power remain.
If you continue to use the computer while the Battery indicator flashes, the
computer will enable Hibernation Mode so that you do not lose any data,
and automatically turn itself off.
You must recharge a battery pack when it becomes discharged.
Procedures
To recharge a battery pack while it is installed in the computer, connect the
AC adaptor to the DC IN 15V jack and plug the other end into a working
outlet - the Battery indicator will glow orange while the battery is being
charged.
Use only the computer connected to an AC power source or optional
TOSHIBA Battery charger to charge the battery pack. Never attempt to
charge the battery pack with any other charger.
User’s Manual
6-5
M9
Time
Refer to User's Manual about Charging time.
Battery charging notice
The battery may not begin charging immediately under the following
conditions:
■ The battery is extremely hot or cold (if the battery is extremely hot, it
might not charge at all). To ensure the battery charges to its full
capacity, you should charge it at room temperature of between 5° to
35°C (41° to 95°F).
■ The battery is nearly completely discharged. In this instance you should
leave the AC adaptor connected for a few minutes and the battery
should begin charging.
The Battery indicator may show a rapid decrease in battery operating time
when you try to charge a battery under the following conditions:
■ The battery has not been used for a long time.
■ The battery has completely discharged and been left in the computer for
a long time.
■ A cool battery is installed in a warm computer.
In such cases you should follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Fully discharge the battery by leaving it in the computer with the power
on until the system automatically turns itself off.
2. Connect the AC adaptor to the DC IN 15V jack of the computer, and to
a wall outlet that is supplying power.
3. Charge the battery until the Battery indicator glows green.
Repeat these steps two or three times until the battery recovers normal
capacity.
Monitoring battery capacity
Remaining battery power can be monitored using the following methods.
■ Clicking the battery icon on the task bar
■ Via the Battery Status in the Windows Mobility Center window
■ You should wait at least 16 seconds after turning on the computer
before trying to monitor the remaining operating time. This is because
the computer needs this time to check the battery’s remaining capacity
and then calculate the remaining operating time, based on this together
with the current power consumption.
■ Please be aware that the actual remaining operating time may differ
slightly from the calculated time.
■ With repeated discharges and recharges, the battery’s capacity will
gradually decrease. In view of this it will be noted that an often used,
older battery will not operate for as long as a new battery even when
both are fully charged.
6-6
User’s Manual
M9
Maximizing battery operating time
A battery’s usefulness depends on how long it can supply power on a
single charge, while how long the charge lasts in a battery depends on:
■ Processor speed
■ Screen brightness
■ System Sleep Mode
■ System Hibernation Mode
■ Display power off period
■ Hard disk drive power off period
■ How often and for how long you use the hard disk drive and external
disk(c) drives, for example, optical disc and floppy disk drive.
■ How much charge the battery contained to begin with.
■ How you use optional devices, such as a PC Cards, to which the
battery supplies power.
■ Whether you enable Sleep Mode, which can conserve battery power if
you are frequently turning the computer off and on.
■ Where you store your programs and data.
■ Whether you close the display panel when you are not using the
keyboard - closing the display saves power.
■ The environmental temperature - operating time decreases at low
temperatures.
■ The condition of the battery terminals - you should always ensure the
terminals stay clean by wiping them with a clean dry cloth before
installing the battery pack.
Retaining data with power off
Refer to User´s Manual about Retaining time.
Extending battery life
To maximize the life of your battery packs:
■ At least once a month, disconnect the computer from a power source
and operate it on battery power until the battery pack fully discharges.
Before doing so, follow the steps as detailed below.
1. Turn off the computer’s power.
2. Disconnect the AC adaptor and turn on the computer’s power - if it
does not turn on then go to Step 4.
3. Operate the computer on battery power for five minutes. If you find
that the battery pack has at least five minutes of operating time,
continue operating until the battery pack is fully discharged,
however, if the Battery indicator flashes or there is some other
warning to indicate a low battery condition, go to Step 4.
User’s Manual
6-7
M9
4. Connect the AC adaptor to the DC IN 15V jack of the computer, and
to a wall outlet that is supplying power. The DC IN indicator should
glow green, and the Battery indicator should glow orange to
indicate that the battery pack is being charged, however, in the
event that DC IN indicator does not glow this indicates that power is
not being supplied - check the connections for the AC adaptor and
the power cord.
5. Charge the battery pack until the Battery indicator glows green.
■ If you have extra battery packs, rotate their use.
■ If you will not be using the system for an extended period, for example
for more than one month, remove the battery pack from the computer.
■ Store spare battery packs in a cool dry place out of direct sunlight.
Replacing the battery pack
Please be aware that the battery pack is classified as a consumable item.
The operating life of the battery pack will gradually reduce through
repeated charging and discharging, and will need to be replaced when it
reaches the end of its operating life. In addition to this, you might also
replace a discharged battery pack with a charged spare when you are
operating your computer away from an AC power source for an extended
period of time.
This section explains how to remove and install the battery pack, and
begins with the removal process which is detailed through the following
steps.
■ Do not remove the battery pack while the computer is in Sleep Mode.
Data is stored in RAM, so if the computer loses power it could be lost.
■ In Hibernation Mode, data will be lost if you remove the battery pack or
disconnect the AC adaptor before the save is completed. Wait for the
Hard Disk Drive indicator to go out.
■ Do not touch the battery release latch while holding the computer or the
battery pack might fall out due to the unintentional release of the
battery release latch and cause injuries.
Removing the battery pack
To remove a discharged battery, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Save your work.
2. Turn the computer’s power off - ensure that the Power indicator is off.
3. Remove all cables and peripherals that are connected to the computer.
4. Close the display panel and turn the computer upside down.
5. Slide the battery lock (1) into its (
) position.
6-8
User’s Manual
M9
6. Slide and hold the battery release latch (2) to disengage the battery
pack and then remove it from the computer (3).
Battery release latch
Battery pack
Battery lock
Releasing the battery pack
Installing the battery pack
To install a battery pack, follow the steps as detailed below:
Do not touch the battery release latch while holding the computer or the
battery pack might fall out due to the unintentional release of the battery
release latch and cause injuries.
1. Insert the battery pack as far as it will go into the computer (1).
2. Ensure that the battery pack is securely in place and the battery lock (2)
is in its (
) position.
Battery pack
Battery lock
Securing the battery pack
3. Turn your computer over.
User’s Manual
6-9
M9
TOSHIBA Password Utility
The TOSHIBA Password Utility provides two levels of password security:
User and Supervisor.
Passwords set by the TOSHIBA Password Utility function are different
from the Windows password.
User Password
To start the utility, point to or click the following items:
Start -> All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> Utilities -> Password Utility
The User Password dialog box contains two main fields: User Password
and User Token.
User authentication may be required to validate user rights when using
“TOSHIBA Password Utility” to delete or change passwords, or create
tokens, etc.
User Password field
■ Set (button)
Click this button to register a password of up to 50 characters. After a
password is set, you will be prompted to enter it when you start the
computer. Check “Set the same string simultaneously as the HDD User
Password” when setting the HDD User Password.
■ After you set the password, a dialog box will be displayed asking
whether you want to save it to a floppy disk or other media. If you forget
the password, you can open the password file on another computer.
Be sure to keep the media in a safe place.
■ When entering the character string to register the password, enter from
the keyboard character by character and do not enter as ASCII code or
copy-and-paste the character string. In addition, ensure that the
registered password is correct by outputting the character string to the
password file.
■ When entering a password, do not enter any characters (for example
“!” or “#”) produced by pressing the Shift or Alt keys and so on.
■ Delete (button)
Click this button to delete a registered password. Before you can delete
a password, you must first enter the current password correctly or insert
a proper token. Please use BIOS Setup to change or delete the HDD
Passwords or to set the HDD Master Password.
■ Change (button)
Click this button to change a registered password. Before you can
change a password, you must first enter the current password correctly
or insert a proper token. Please use BIOS Setup to change or delete
the HDD Passwords or to set the HDD Master Password.
6-10
User’s Manual
M9
■ Owner String (text box)
You can use this box to associate text with the password. After you
enter text, click Apply or OK. When the computer is started, this text
will be displayed together with the prompt asking you to enter a
password.
■ If you forget your HDD User Password, TOSHIBA will NOT be able to
assist you, and your HDD will be rendered COMPLETELY and
PERMANENTLY INOPERABLE. TOSHIBA will NOT be held
responsible for any loss of any data, any loss of use or access to your
HDD, or for any other losses to you or any other person or organization
that result from the loss of access to your HDD. If you can’t accept this
risk, don’t register the HDD User Password.
■ If you want to register the HDD master Password or the password for
the Ultra Slim Bay HDD, you can set them by the BIOS SETUP
Program.
■ When saving the HDD User Password shut down or restart the
computer. If the computer is not shut down or restarted, the saved data
may not be correctly reflected. For more information on shutting down
or restarting the computer, refer to Turning on the power in Chapter 1.
Refer to Starting and Ending the BIOS Setup Program section in Chapter 7
for more information.
User Token field
■ Create (button)
You can use an SD/SDHC Card token, instead of entering the
password. After you have registered a password, insert an SD/SDHC
Card in SD Card slot and click Create. You can use an SD/SDHC Card
of any capacity, but it must be formatted correctly.
If an unformatted card or one with an incompatible format is inserted,
you will be prompted to format it with a tool named TOSHIBA SD
Memory Card Format. To start the format tool, point to or click the
following items:
Start -> All Programs -> TOSHIBA -> Utilities ->
SD Memory Card Format
When you format an SD/SDHC memory card, all data will be deleted. Be
sure to save data on the card to other media before you format the card.
■ Disable (button)
Click this button to invalidate the token. You cannot re-validate old
tokens, but you can use the same SD/SDHC Cards to create new
tokens.
User’s Manual
6-11
M9
After using the token created for authentication, do not leave it inserted in
the SD Card slot, ensure that the token is removed from the slot and stored
in a safe location. If the token is left in the slot, there is a danger of theft or
a third party using it for authentication and operating the user’s computer
(resulting in extraction, modification or deletion of data) when the user is
not at their desk.
Supervisor Password
If you set a Supervisor Password, some functions might be restricted when
a user logs on with the User Password. To set a Supervisor Password,
execute the file TOSPU.EXE. The file is located at:
C:\Program Files\Toshiba\PasswordUtility\TOSPU.exe
This utility lets you do the following:
■ Register, delete or change the Supervisor Password.
■ Create or invalidate a Supervisor Password token.
This function in the TOSHIBA Password Utility lets you invalidate only
supervisor tokens or all tokens, including user and supervisor tokens.
■ Specify restrictions for general users.
Starting the computer by password
If you have already registered a password, there are three ways to start the
computer:
■ Insert an SD Card token before you turn on the computer. The
computer will start normally, without displaying a password prompt.
■ Swipe your fingerprint on the sensor if you have already registered the
fingerprint with the Fingerprint utility and enabled Fingerprint System
Boot Authentication. If you would not like to swipe your finger or cannot
authenticate the fingerprint for some reasons, push the BkSp key to
skip the fingerprint authentication screen. You can try to swipe the
fingerprint up to five times. If you failed fingerprint authentication five
times, you must enter the password manually to start the computer.
■ Enter the password manually.
The password is necessary only if the computer was Shutdown and
Hibernation in Boot Mode.
It is not needed in Sleep Mode and Restart.
To enter a password manually, follow these steps:
1. Turn on the power as described in Chapter 1, Getting Started.
The following message will appear in the screen:
S
Password=
2. Enter the Password.
3. Press Enter.
6-12
User’s Manual
M9
If you enter the password incorrectly three times in a row, the computer
shuts off. In this case, you must turn the computer back on to retry
password entry.
Power-up modes
The computer has three different power-up modes as follows:
■ Boot Mode: The computer will shut down without saving data - in view of
this you must always save your work before you turn the computer off.
■ Hibernation Mode: Data in memory will be saved to the hard disk drive.
■ Sleep Mode: Data will maintained in the computer’s memory.
Please refer to the sections Turning on the power and Turning off the
power in Chapter 1, Getting Started for further information.
Windows utilities
You can configure various settings associated with both Sleep Mode and
Hibernation Mode within the Power Options (to access it, Start -> Control
Panel -> System and Maintenance -> Power Options).
Hot keys
You can use the Fn + F3 hot key to enter Sleep Mode or Fn + F4 to enter
Hibernation Mode - please refer to Chapter 5, The Keyboard for further
details.
Panel power on/off
You can set up your computer so that power is turned off automatically
when you close the display panel, and turned on again when you open it.
Please note that this function is only available for Sleep Mode or
Hibernation Mode, not for Boot Mode.
If the panel power off function is enabled, and you manually shut down
Windows, do not close the display panel until the shut down process has
been completed.
System Auto Off
This feature turns the system off automatically if it is not used for a set
period of time, and can be configured for both Sleep Mode or Hibernation
Mode.
User’s Manual
6-13
M9
6-14
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 7
HW Setup & BIOS Setup
This chapter explains how to use the TOSHIBA HW Setup program to
configure your computer, and provides information on settings for various
functions.
Accessing HW Setup
To run the HW Setup program, click Start -> All Programs -> TOSHIBA ->
Utilities -> HWSetup.
HW Setup window
The HW Setup window contains a number of tabs (General, Display, Boot
Priority, Keyboard, CPU, LAN, Device Config and USB) to allow specific
functions of the computer to be configured.
In addition there are also three buttons: OK, Cancel and Apply.
OK
Accepts your changes and closes the HW Setup
window.
Cancel
Closes the window without accepting your
changes.
Apply
Accepts all your changes without closing the HW
Setup window.
General
This window displays the BIOS version and contains two buttons: Default
and About.
Default
Return all HW Setup values to the factory
settings.
About
Display the HW Setup version.
Setup
This field displays the installed BIOS version and date.
User’s Manual
7-1
M9
Display
This tab lets you customize your computer’s display settings for either the
internal display or an external monitor.
Power On Display
This tab allows you to select the display to be used when the computer is
started. Please note that this setting is only available on standard VGA
mode and is not available as part of the Windows Desktop properties.
The Power On Display is supported with some models.
Auto-Selected
Selects an external monitor if one is connected,
otherwise, it selects the internal display (default).
LCD + Analog RGB
Selects both the internal display and an external
monitor for simultaneous display.
If the connected external monitor does not support the computer’s current
video mode, selecting the LCD + Analog RGB mode will not display any
image on the external monitor.
Boot Priority
Boot Priority Options
This tab allows you to select the priority for booting the computer - the
following settings are available:
7-2
FDD −> HDD −>
CD-ROM −> LAN
The computer looks for bootable files on devices
in the following order: 1. floppy disk drive*1,
2. hard disk drive, 3. CD-ROM*2, 4. LAN.
HDD −> FDD −>
CD-ROM −> LAN
The computer looks for bootable files on devices
in the following order: 1. hard disk drive, 2. floppy
disk drive*1, 3. CD-ROM*2, 4. LAN.
FDD −> CD-ROM −>
LAN −> HDD
The computer looks for bootable files on devices
in the following order: 1. floppy disk drive*1,
2. CD-ROM*2, 3. LAN, 4. hard disk drive.
HDD −> CD-ROM −>
LAN −> FDD
The computer looks for bootable files on devices
in the following order: 1. hard disk drive,
2. CD-ROM*2, 3. LAN, 4. floppy disk drive*1.
CD-ROM −> LAN −>
FDD −> HDD
The computer looks for bootable files on devices
in the following order: 1. CD-ROM*2, 2. LAN,
3. floppy disk drive*1, 4. hard disk drive.
CD-ROM −> LAN −>
HDD −> FDD
The computer looks for bootable files on devices
in the following order: 1. CD-ROM*2, 2. LAN,
3. hard disk drive, 4. floppy disk drive*1.
User’s Manual
M9
You can override the settings and manually select a boot device by
pressing one of the following keys while the computer is booting:
U
Selects the USB floppy disk drive.
N
Selects the network.
1
Selects the built-in hard disk drive.
2
Selects the secondary hard disk drive.
C
Selects the CD-ROM*2.
M
Selects the USB memory drive.
*1 The floppy disk drive will be used to start the computer when there is a
bootable disk contained in the external drive. If SD/SDHC memory card
is installed as well, the external floppy disk drive will be checked first,
followed by the SD memory device itself.
*2 The optical disc drive will be used to start the computer when there is a
bootable disk contained in the drive.
To change the boot drive, follow the steps below.
1. Hold down F12 and boot the computer.
2. The following menu will be displayed with the following icons: Built-in
hard disk drive, Ultra Slim Bay hard disk drive, CD-ROM, FDD (or SD/
SDHC memory card), Network (LAN), USB Memory boot.
Please note that a highlighted bar will only appear under the selected
device.
3. Use the left/right cursor keys to highlight the boot device you want and
press Enter.
If a Supervisor Password has been set, manual boot device selection
functions may be restricted.
The boot device selection methods described above will not change the
boot priority settings that have been configured in HW Setup. In addition, if
you press a key other than one of those listed, or if the selected device is
not installed, the system will continue to boot according to the current and
available settings in HW Setup.
User’s Manual
7-3
M9
HDD Priority Options
If more than one hard disk drive is installed in the computer, this option
allows you to set the priority associated with hard disk drive detection - the
first hard disk drive detected that has a valid boot command on it will be the
device from which the computer will start.
Built-in HDD ->
2nd HDD -> USB
(Default)
The priority is set as built-in HDD -> 2nd HDD ->
USB.
2nd HDD ->
Built-in HDD ->
USB
The priority is set as 2nd HDD -> built-in HDD ->
USB.
Built-in HDD ->
USB -> 2nd HDD
The priority is set as built-in HDD -> USB -> 2nd
HDD.
2nd HDD -> USB ->
Built-in HDD
The priority is set as 2nd HDD -> USB -> built-in
HDD.
USB -> Built-in
HDD -> 2nd HDD
The priority is set as USB -> built-in HDD -> 2nd
HDD.
USB -> 2nd HDD ->
Built-in HDD
The priority is set as USB -> 2nd HDD -> built-in
HDD.
■ If a boot command is not found on the first detected hard disk drive, the
system will not boot from next hard disk drive in the list, instead it will
search for the next device in the Boot Priority list and startup from this
as appropriate.
■ Please be aware that some modules may not be displayed.
USB Memory BIOS Support Type
This option allows you to set the type of the USB memory to be used as a
startup device.
7-4
HDD
Sets the USB memory to be the equivalent of a
hard disk drive (default). With this setting, the
USB memory device can be used to start the
computer as though it were a hard disk drive
based on the hard disk drive settings within both
the Boot Priority and HDD Priority options
detailed previously.
FDD
Sets the USB memory to be the equivalent of a
floppy disk drive. With this setting, the USB
memory device can be used to start the
computer as though it were a floppy disk based
on the floppy disk drive settings within the Boot
Priority option detailed previously.
User’s Manual
M9
Keyboard
Wake-up on Keyboard
When this feature is enabled, and the computer is in Sleep Mode, you can
turn on the system by pressing any key. However, please be aware that this
option will only work with the internal keyboard and only when the computer
is in Sleep Mode.
Enabled
Enables the Wake-up on Keyboard function.
Disabled
Disables the Wake-up on Keyboard function (Default).
CPU
This function allows you to set the processor’s operating mode.
Dynamic CPU Frequency Mode
This option allows you to configure the power saving modes associated
with the processor - the following settings are available:
Dynamically
Switchable
The processor’s power consumption and
automatic clock speed switching functions are
enabled - in use the processor’s operation is
automatically switched when necessary (default).
Always High
The processor’s power consumption and
automatic clock speed switching functions are
disabled - in use the processor will always run at
its highest level of power consumption and its
highest speed.
Always Low
The processor’s power consumption and
automatic clock speed switching functions are
disabled - in use the processor will always run at
a lower level of power consumption and a low
speed.
LAN
Wake-up on LAN
This feature lets the computer’s power be turned on when it receives a
wake-up signal from the LAN.
Do not install or remove a memory module while Wake-up on LAN is
enabled.
The Wake-up on LAN function consumes power even when the system is
off. Leave the AC adaptor connected while using this feature.
User’s Manual
7-5
M9
Power will be automatically turned on when a signal is received from an
administrator’s computer which is connected via a network.
The following settings can be changed when the Built-in LAN is Enabled.
Connect the AC adaptor when using the Wake-up on LAN function. The
battery retention time will be shorter than the times listed in this manual
when this function is enabled. Refer to the section in chapter 6, Retaining
data with power off.
Enabled
Enables Wake-up on LAN.
Disabled
Disables Wake-up on LAN (Default).
On Battery
The following settings can be changed when the Wake-up on LAN is
Enabled.
Enabled
Enables Wake-up on LAN function when
operating from the battery.
Disabled
Disables Wake-up on LAN function when
operating from the battery (Default).
Built-in LAN
This feature enables or disables the Built-in LAN.
Enabled
Enables Built-in LAN functions (Default).
Disabled
Disables Built-in LAN functions.
Device Config
Device Configuration
This option allows you to set how the computer’s hardware devices will be
configured.
7-6
All Devices
The computer’s BIOS will setup and configure all
devices.
Setup by OS
The operating system will setup and configure all
of the devices that it can control (default).
User’s Manual
M9
USB
USB KB/Mouse Legacy Emulation
You can use this option to enable or disable USB keyboard/mouse legacy
emulation so that, even if your operating system does not support USB
devices, you can still use a standard USB mouse and keyboard - to achieve
this you should set the appropriate option(s) to Enabled.
Enabled
Enables the USB KB/Mouse Legacy Emulation
function (Default).
Disabled
Disables the USB KB/Mouse Legacy Emulation
function.
USB-FDD Legacy Emulation
Use this option to enable or disable USB floppy disk drive legacy
emulation. If your operating system does not support USB, you can still use
a USB floppy disk drive by setting the USB-FDD Legacy Emulation item
to Enabled.
Enabled
Enables the USB floppy disk drive legacy
emulation function (Default).
Disabled
Disables the USB floppy disk drive legacy
emulation function.
BIOS Setup Program
Settings for some features are carried out in the BIOS setup program.
Notes Before Using the BIOS Setup Application
■ In most cases, changes to the system’s configuration should be made
within Windows by using applications such as TOSHIBA HW Setup,
TOSHIBA Password Utility, Windows Device Manager and so forth.
If you make changes to the configuration through the BIOS setup
program, please be aware that the configuration set through the
Windows applications will take priority.
■ Changes to the settings within the BIOS setup program will not be
erased even if the power supply is turned off and the main battery
removed. However, if the built-in Real Time Clock (RTC) battery runs
out of power, most of the settings will revert back to their default values.
However, please note that the following items will not be affected in this
instance:
• Password
• Hard Disk Drive Password
• Security Controller
• Fingerprint patterns
User’s Manual
7-7
M9
Starting and Ending the BIOS Setup Program
Starting the BIOS Setup Program
1. Turn on the computer while pressing the Esc key - if the Password =
prompt is displayed, enter either the Supervisor Password, if one is set,
or the User Password and press the Enter key. Please refer to
Chapter 6, the TOSHIBA Password Utility for further details about the
User Password.
2. At the Check system. Then press [F1] key. prompt, press the
F1 key - the BIOS setup application will start up.
Please refer to the operating instructions displayed in the settings screen.
Ending the BIOS Setup Program
In order to save the changes you have made and end the BIOS setup
application, follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Press the End key - this will cause the Are you sure? (Y/N). The
changes you made will cause the system to reboot.
prompt to be displayed at the bottom of the screen.
2. Press the Y key - this will save the configuration changes and end the
BIOS setup application, automatically restarting the computer.
Ending the BIOS Setup Program Halfway
The configuration settings can be terminated halfway without saving any of
the changes made by following the steps detailed below:
1. Press the Esc key - the Exit without saving? (Y/N) prompt to
be displayed at the bottom of the screen.
2. Press the Y key - the BIOS setup application will exit and the computer
will automatically restart.
Core Multi - Processing
The Core Multi-Processing sets the CPU operating mode.
Enabled is Dual Core mode.
Disabled is Single Core mode.
7-8
Enabled
Enables Core Multi - Processing functions
(Default).
Disabled
Disables Core Multi - Processing functions.
User’s Manual
M9
Virtualization Technology
Virtualization Technology sets enable or disable of the Intel Virtualization
Technology installed in the CPU.
Intel Virtualization Technology is the technique that allows one machine to
operate as multiple virtual machines.
The Virtualization Technology is supported with some models.
The Disabled command does not allow use of the Intel Virtualization
Technology.
The Enabled command allows use of the Intel Virtualization Technology.
Enabled
Enables Virtualization Technology.
Disabled
Disables Virtualization Technology (Default).
Enhanced C-States
This feature enables or disables the Enhanced C-States.
Enabled
This lowers the power consumption (Default).
Disabled
This does not lower the power consumption.
Execute-Disable Bit Capability
This setting, which is displayed on the first page of the setup screen,
configures the Execute-Disable Bit function of the computer’s processor.
This function is specific to Intel® processors and, when activated, helps to
reduce security threats to the computer by preventing certain classes of
malicious “buffer overflow” attacks when combined with a supporting
operating system such as Windows Vista™.
Available
Makes the processor’s Execute-Disable Bit
Capability available for use (Default).
Not Available
Disables the processor’s Execute-Disable Bit
Capability so that it is not available for use.
LCD Display Stretch
Select the display function of the computer’s display panel.
The LCD Display Stretch is supported with some models.
User’s Manual
Enabled
Display modes with low resolution are stretched
and displayed (Default).
Disabled
Display modes with low resolution are not
stretched and displayed in their original state.
7-9
M9
Security controller
Please note that the security controller settings are available on the second
page of the BIOS setup application.
TPM
This setting enables or disables the computer’s Trusted Platform Module
(TPM) security controller.
Enabled
Enable Trusted Platform Module security.
Disabled
Disable Trusted Platform Module security
(default).
Clear TPM Owner
This setting is used to erase the data stored as part of the Trusted Platform
Module, as would be required, for example, when disposing of the
computer or when the owner of the computer changes. Once this operation
is carried out, the Trusted Platform Module configuration settings are
erased such that any encrypted data can no longer be decrypted and the
files can no longer be read. In view of this you must ensure that you backup
or delete the data as necessary before carrying out this operation.
The procedure to follow is as detailed below:
1. Move the cursor to the Clear TPM Owner setting and press either the
Space key or BkSp key.
2. A message is displayed at which you should press the Y, E, S, and
Enter keys in sequence - the Trusted Platform Module information will
then be erased.
3. The Trusted Platform Module setting will then change from being
Enable to Disabled and the setting no longer displayed.
When using TPM, please refer to the Infineon TPM Installation Guide
from the C:\TOSAPINS\Infineon TPM Installation Guide and
ensure that the user reads as it contains usage information and notes on
using TPM security.
Diagnostic Mode
Allows you to set whether the BIOS diagnostic test is enabled or disabled.
7-10
Disabled
The diagnostic test is disabled (Default).
Enabled
The diagnostic test is enabled.
User’s Manual
M9
Chapter 8
Troubleshooting
TOSHIBA have designed this computer for durability, however, should
problems occur you are able to use the procedures detailed in this chapter
to help determine the cause.
All users should become familiar with this chapter as knowing what might
go wrong can help prevent problems from occurring in the first place.
Problem solving process
Resolving problems will be much easier if you observe the following
guidelines:
■ Stop immediately when you recognize a problem exists as taking further
action may result in data loss or damage, or you may destroy valuable
problem related information that can help solve the problem.
■ Observe what is happening - write down what the system is doing and
what actions you performed immediately before the problem occurred.
If you have a printer attached, print a copy of the screen using the
computer’s PrtSc key.
Please also be aware that the questions and procedures described in this
chapter are meant only as a guide, they are not definitive problem solving
techniques. In reality many problems can be solved simply, but a few may
require help from your reseller, dealer or service provider - if you find you
need to consult others, be prepared to describe the problem in as much
detail as possible.
User’s Manual
8-1
M9
Preliminary checklist
You should always consider the simplest solution first - the items detailed in
this checklist are easy to fix and yet can cause what appears to be a
serious problem:
■ Make sure you turn on all peripheral devices before you turn on the
computer - this includes your printer and any other external device you
are using.
■ Before you attach an external device you should first turn the computer
off, then when you turn the computer back on again it will recognize the
new device.
■ Make sure all optional accessories are configured properly in the
computer’s setup program and that all required driver software has
been loaded (please refer to the documentation included with the
optional accessories for further information on its installation and
configuration).
■ Check all cables to ensure they are correctly and firmly attached to the
computer - loose cables can cause signal errors.
■ Inspect all connecting cables for loose wires and all connectors for
loose pins.
■ Check that your floppy disk, CD or DVD media is correctly loaded and,
in the case of a floppy disk, that its write protect tab is correctly set.
Always try to make detailed notes of your observations and keep them in a
permanent error log - this will help you to describe your problems to your
reseller, dealer or service provider. In addition, if a problem recurs, the log
you have made will help to identify the problem faster.
Analyzing the problem
Sometimes the computer will give you clues that can help you identify why
it is malfunctioning. In view of this you should keep the following questions
in mind:
■ Which part of the computer is not operating properly - keyboard, hard
disk drive, display panel, touch pad, touch pad control buttons - as each
device will produce different symptoms.
■ Check the options within the operating system to ensure that its
configuration is set properly.
■ What appears on the display? Does it display any messages or random
characters? If you have a printer attached, print a copy of the screen
using the PrtSc key and, if possible, look up the messages in the
documentation included with the computer, software or operating
system.
■ Check that all connecting cables are correctly and firmly attached as
loose cables can cause erroneous or intermittent signals.
■ Do any indicators light, if so, which ones, what color are they and do
they stay on or blink? Write down what you see.
8-2
User’s Manual
M9
■ Do you hear any beeps, if so how many, are they long or short and are
they high pitched or low pitched? In addition, is the computer making
any unusual noises? Write down what you hear.
Record your observations so you can describe them in detail to your
reseller, dealer or service provider.
Software
Hardware
The problems may be caused by your software or disk.
If you cannot load a software package, the media may be
damaged or the program might be corrupted - in these
instances try loading another copy of the software if
possible.
If an error message appears while you are using a software
package you should refer to the documentation supplied
with it as this will usually include a problem solving section
or a summary of error messages.
Next, you should check any error messages against the
operating system documentation.
If you cannot find a software problem, you should then
check the setup and configuration of your hardware. First
run through the items in the preliminary checklist as
described previously then, if you still cannot correct the
problem, try to identify the source - the next section
provides checklists for individual components and
peripherals.
Before using a peripheral device or application software that is not an
authorized Toshiba part or product, make sure the device or software can
be used with your computer. Use of incompatible devices may cause injury
or may damage your computer.
Hardware and system checklist
This section discusses problems caused by your computer’s hardware or
attached peripherals. Basic problems may occur in the following areas:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
User’s Manual
System start-up
Self test
Power
Password
Keyboard
Internal display panel
Hard disk drive
DVD Super Multi drive
USB floppy disk drive
PC Card
SD/SDHC Card
Dual Pointing Device
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Fingerprint Sensor
USB device
Additional memory module
Sound system
External monitor
i.LINK (IEEE1394) device
Modem
LAN
Wireless LAN
Bluetooth
8-3
M9
System start-up
When the computer does not start properly, check the following items:
■ Self Test
■ Power Sources
■ Power-on Password
Self test
When the computer starts up, the self test will be run automatically, and the
following will be displayed:
S
In Touch with Tomorrow
TOSHIBA
This message remains on the screen for a few seconds.
If the self test is successful, the computer tries to load the operating system
according to how the Boot Priority option is set within the TOSHIBA HW
Setup program.
If any of the following conditions are present, the self test has failed:
■ The computer stops and does not proceed to display information or
messages except for the TOSHIBA logo.
■ Random characters appear on the screen and the system does not
function normally.
■ The screen displays an error message.
In these instances, turn off the computer, check all cable connections and
then restart it - if the self test fails again, contact your reseller, dealer or
service provider.
Power
When the computer is not plugged into an AC power outlet, the battery
pack is the primary power source. However, your computer also has a
number of other power resources, including an intelligent power supply and
a Real Time Clock (RTC) battery, all of which are interrelated with any one
having the ability to produce apparent power problems.
This section provides checklists for AC power and the battery. If you cannot
resolve a problem after following them, the cause may lie with another
power related resource - in such an instance you should contact your
reseller, dealer or service provider.
8-4
User’s Manual
M9
Overheating power down
In the event that the computer’s internal operating temperature becomes
too high, the system will automatically enter either Hibernation Mode or
Sleep Mode and shut itself down.
Problem
Procedure
Computer shuts down
and DC IN indicator
blinks orange
Leave the computer off until the DC IN indicator
stops blinking.
It is recommended to leave the computer off until the interior reaches room
temperature even though the DC IN indicator stops blinking.
If the computer has reached room temperature
and it still does not start, or if it starts but shuts
down quickly, contact your reseller, dealer or
service provider.
Computer shuts down
and its DC IN indicator
is flashing green
This indicates a problem with the heat dispersal
system - you should contact your reseller, dealer
or service provider.
AC power
If you have trouble turning on the computer with the AC adaptor connected
you should check the status of the DC IN indicator. Please refer to
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes for further information.
Problem
Procedure
AC adaptor doesn’t
power the computer
(DC IN indicator does
not glow green)
Check the connections to make sure that the
power cord/adaptor is firmly connected to the
computer and a working power outlet.
Check the condition of the cord and terminals.
If the cord is frayed or damaged it should be
replaced, while if the terminals are soiled, they
should be cleaned with a clean cotton cloth.
If the AC adaptor still does not power the
computer, you should contact your reseller,
dealer or service provider.
User’s Manual
8-5
M9
Battery
If you suspect a problem with the battery, you should check the status of
the DC IN indicator as well as the Battery indicator. Please refer to
Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up Modes for more information on these
indicators, together with general battery operation.
Problem
Procedure
Battery doesn’t power
the computer
The battery may be discharged - connect the AC
adaptor to recharge the battery.
Battery doesn’t charge
when the AC adaptor is
attached (Battery
indicator does not glow
orange).
If the battery is completely discharged, it will not
begin charging immediately, in these instances
you should wait a few minutes before trying again.
If the battery still does not charge, you should
check that the power outlet the AC adaptor is
connected to is supplying power - this can be
tested by plugging another appliance into it.
Check whether the battery is hot or cold to the
touch - if so, it will not charge properly and should
be allowed to reach room temperature before
you try again.
Unplug the AC adaptor and remove the battery to
make sure its connecting terminals are clean - if
necessary wipe them with a soft dry cloth lightly
dipped in alcohol.
Connect the AC adaptor and replace the battery,
taking care to ensure that it is securely seated in
the computer.
Check the Battery indicator - if it does not glow,
allow the computer to charge the battery for at
least twenty minutes. If the Battery indicator
starts to glow after this period, allow the battery
to continue to charge for at least another twenty
minutes before turning on the computer.
However, if the indicator still does not glow, the
battery may be at the end of its operating life and
should be replaced. However, if you do not
believe the battery is at the end of its operating
life, you should speak to your reseller, dealer or
service provider.
Battery doesn’t power If you frequently recharge a partially charged
the computer as long as battery, the battery might not charge to its full
expected
potential - in these instances you should fully
discharge the battery and then attempt to charge
it again.
Check the Power saver option under Select a
power plan in the Power Options.
8-6
User’s Manual
M9
Real Time Clock
Problem
Procedure
The following message
is Displayed on the
screen:
RTC battery is
low or CMOS
checksum is
inconsistent.
Press [F1] key to
set Date/Time.
The charge in the Real Time Clock (RTC) battery
has run out - you will need to set the date and
time in the BIOS setup application by using the
following steps:
1. Press the F1 key - the BIOS setup application
will load.
2. Set the date in the System Date field.
3. Set the time in the System Time field.
4. Press the End key - a confirmation message
will be displayed.
5. Press the Y key - the BIOS setup application
will end and the computer will restart.
Password
Problem
Procedure
Cannot enter password Please refer to the TOSHIBA Password Utility
section in Chapter 6, Power and Power-Up
Modes for further information.
Keyboard
Keyboard problems can be caused by the setup and configuration of the
computer - please refer to Chapter 5, The Keyboard for further information.
User’s Manual
Problem
Procedure
Some letter keys
produce numbers
Check that the numeric keypad overlay is not
activated - press the Fn + F11 hot key and try
typing again.
Output to screen is
garbled
Please refer to your software’s documentation to
ensure that its is not remapping the keyboard in
any way (remapping involves changing or
reassigning the function of each key).
If you are still unable to use the keyboard, you
should contact your reseller, dealer or service
provider.
8-7
M9
Internal display panel
Apparent computer’s display panel problems may be related to the
computer’s setup and configuration - please refer to Chapter 7, HW Setup
& BIOS Setup, for further information.
Problem
Procedure
No display
Press the Fn + F5 hot keys to adjust the display
priority, and to make sure it is not set for output to
an external monitor.
Markings appear on
the computer’s display
panel.
These marks may have come from contact with
the keyboard and Touch Pad while the display
panel has been closed. You should try to remove
the marks by gently wiping the display panel with
a clean dry cloth or, if this fails, with a good
quality LCD screen cleaner. In this latter instance
you should always follow the instructions with the
screen cleaner and always ensure you let the
display panel dry properly before closing it.
Problems above remain You should initially refer to the documentation
supplied with you software to determine if it is
unresolved or other
this that is causing the problems. Alternatively
problems occur
you may wish to run the TOSHIBA PC
Diagnostic Tool to check the general operation
of the computer.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
Hard disk drive
Problem
Procedure
Computer does not boot Check to see whether that is a floppy disk in the
from hard disk drive
floppy disk drive or a CD-ROM/DVD-ROM in the
optical disc drive - if so remove it and try to start
the computer again.
If this has no effect, check the Boot Priority
setting within the TOSHIBA HW Setup utility please refer to the Boot Priority section in
Chapter 7, HW Setup & BIOS Setup for further
information.
Please refer to your operating system
documentation in order to determine whether
there is a problem with any of the operating
system files or settings.
8-8
User’s Manual
M9
Problem
Procedure
Slow performance
The files on the hard disk drive may be
fragmented - in this instance you should run the
disk Defragmentation utility to check the
condition of your files and the hard disk drive.
Please refer to the operating system’s
documentation or online Help File for further
information on operating and using the
Defragmentation utility.
As a last resort you should reformat the hard disk
drive and then reload the operating system and
all other files and data. If you are still unable to
resolve the problem, contact your reseller, dealer
or service provider.
DVD Super Multi drive
For more information, refer to Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
Problem
Procedure
You cannot access
a CD/DVD in the drive
Make sure the drive’s disc tray is securely
closed.
Press gently until it clicks into place.
Check whether the drive power is on. If the
power is off, press the Fn + Tab hot key and turn
on the power.
Open the disc tray and make sure the CD/DVD is
properly seated. It should lie flat with the label
facing up.
A foreign object in the disc tray could block laser
light from reading the CD/DVD. Make sure there
is no obstruction. Remove any foreign object.
Check whether the CD/DVD is dirty. If it is, wipe it
with a clean cloth dipped in water or a neutral
cleaner. Refer to the Media care section in
Chapter 4 for details on cleaning.
User’s Manual
8-9
M9
Some CD/DVDs run
The software or hardware configuration may be
correctly, but others do causing a problem. Make sure the hardware
not
configuration matches your software’s needs.
Check the CD/DVD’s documentation.
Check the type of CD/DVD you are using.
The drive supports:
DVD-ROM: DVD-ROM, DVD-Video
CD-ROM:
CD-DA, CD-Text, Photo CD™
(single/multi-session), CD-ROM
Mode 1, Mode 2, CD-ROM XA
Mode 2 (Form1, Form2), Enhanced
CD (CD-EXTRA), Addressing
Method 2
Recordable DVD: DVD-R/-R DL, DVD+R/+R DL,
DVD-RW, DVD+RW, DVD-RAM
Check the region code on the DVD. It must
match that on the DVD Super Multi drive. Region
codes are listed in the Optical disc drives section
in Chapter 2, The Grand Tour.
USB floppy disk drive
For further information, please refer to Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and
Options.
Problem
Procedure
Drive does not operate Check the connection between the computer and
the drive to ensure that it is properly attached.
8-10
Some programs run
correctly but others do
not
The computer’s software or hardware
configuration may be causing a problem - ensure
that these configurations match your
requirements (refer to any relevant
documentation, for example that supplied with
any software in use, for further information).
You cannot access the
external floppy disk
drive
Try another floppy disk in the drive - if you are
able to access this disk then it indicates the
original disk and not the drive is probably causing
the problem.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
User’s Manual
M9
PC Card
For further information, please refer to Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and
Options.
Problem
Procedure
PC Card error occurs
Remove the PC Card from the computer and
then reinsert it in order to ensure it is firmly
connected.
In the event that the PC Card is attached to an
external peripheral device, ensure that this
connection is properly made.
If the problem persists, then you should refer to
the documentation supplied with your PC Card
for further information.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
SD/SDHC Card
For further information, please refer to Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and
Options.
User’s Manual
Problem
Procedure
SD/SDHC Card error
occurs
Remove the SD/SDHC Card from the computer
and then reinsert it in order to ensure it is firmly
connected.
If the problem persists, then you should refer to
the documentation supplied with your SD/SDHC
Card for further information.
You cannot write to an
SD/SDHC Card
Remove the SD/SDHC Card from the computer
and check to ensure that it is not write protected.
You cannot read a file
Check to ensure the required file is actually on
the SD/SDHC Card that is inserted into the
computer.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
8-11
M9
Dual Pointing device
If you are using a USB mouse, you should also refer to both the USB
device section in this chapter, and the documentation supplied with your
mouse.
Touch Pad/AccuPoint
Problem
Procedure
Either the Touch Pad
or the AccuPoint does
not work.
Check the Device Select settings.
Click Start -> Control Panel -> Hardware and
Sound -> Mouse icon.
Pressing Fn + F9 to enables.
On-screen pointer does In this instance the system might be busy - Try
not respond to pointing moving the mouse again after waiting a short
device operation
while.
8-12
Double-tapping (Touch
Pad) or doubleclicking (AccuPoint)
does not work
In this instance, you should initially try changing
the double-click speed setting within the Mouse
Control utility.
1. To access this utility, click Start -> Control
Panel -> Hardware and Sound -> Mouse
icon.
2. Within the Mouse Properties window, click
the Buttons tab.
3. Set the double-click speed as required and
click OK.
The mouse pointer
moves too fast or too
slow
In this instance, you should initially try changing
the speed setting within the Mouse Control utility.
1. To access this utility, click Start -> Control
Panel -> Hardware and Sound -> Mouse
icon.
2. Within the Mouse Properties window, click
the Pointer Options tab.
3. Set the pointer speed as required and click
OK.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
User’s Manual
M9
Problem
Procedure
The reaction of Touch
pad is either too
sensitive or not
sensitive enough.
Adjust the touch Sensitivity.
1. Click Start -> Control Panel -> Hardware
and Sound -> Mouse icon.
2. Within the Mouse Properties window, click
the Advanced tab.
3. Click the Advanced feature settings button.
4. Advanced feature settings is displayed.
5. Move the slide of adjust the pointer speed in
relation to the standard Windows setting.
Click the OK button.
6. Click the OK button on Advanced feature
setting screen.
USB mouse
Problem
Procedure
On-screen pointer does In this instance the system might be busy - Try
not respond to mouse moving the mouse again after waiting a short
while.
operation
Remove the mouse from the computer and then
reconnect it to a free USB port it in order to
ensure it is firmly attached.
User’s Manual
Double-clicking does
not work
In this instance, you should initially try changing
the double-click speed setting within the Mouse
Control utility.
1. To access this utility, click Start -> Control
Panel -> Hardware and Sound -> Mouse
icon.
2. Within the Mouse Properties window, click
the Buttons tab.
3. Set the double-click speed as required and
click OK.
The mouse pointer
moves too fast or too
slow
In this instance, you should initially try changing
the speed setting within the Mouse Control utility.
1. To access this utility, click Start -> Control
Panel -> Hardware and Sound -> Mouse
icon.
2. Within the Mouse Properties window, click
the Pointer Options tab.
3. Set the pointer speed as required and click
OK.
8-13
M9
Problem
Procedure
The mouse pointer
moves erratically
The elements of the mouse responsible for
detecting movement might be dirty - please refer
to the documentation supplied with the mouse for
instructions on how to clean it.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
Fingerprint Sensor
8-14
Problem
Procedure
Reading of the
fingerprint was not
successful.
In this instance you should try the fingerprint
reading operation again using the correct finger
position - please refer to Using the Fingerprint
Sensor in Chapter 4, Operating Basics for further
information.
Alternatively, you should try the recognition
process again using another enrolled finger.
The fingerprint sensor compares and analyzes
the unique characteristics in a fingerprint.
However, there may be instances where certain
users are unable to register their fingerprints due
to insufficient unique characteristics in their
fingerprints.
The recognition success rate may differ from
user to user.
The fingerprint cannot
be read due to injuries
to the finger.
In this instance you should try the recognition
process again using another enrolled finger.
However, if fingerprints from all the enrolled
fingers cannot be read, you should instead log
into the computer by using the keyboard to input
the password.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
User’s Manual
M9
USB device
In addition to the information in this section, please also refer to the
documentation supplied with your USB device.
Problem
Procedure
USB device does not
work
Remove the USB device from the computer and
then reconnect it to a free port it in order to
ensure it is firmly attached.
Ensure that any required USB device drivers are
properly installed - to achieve this you should
refer to both the device documentation and the
operating system documentation.
If you are using an operating system that does
not support USB, you are still able to use a USB
mouse and/or USB keyboard by setting the USB
KB/Mouse Emulation option within the
TOSHIBA HW Setup utility to Enabled.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
Additional memory module
Please also refer to Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options, for further
information on installing and removing memory modules.
User’s Manual
Problem
Procedure
If there is a memory
malfunction, the power
LED will repeatedly
flash (on for
0.5 seconds, off for
0.5 seconds) in the
following patterns;
If there is an error in
only slot A or no
memory module is
inserted in Slot A:
orange twice, then
green once.
If there is an error in
Slot B: orange once,
then green twice.
If there are errors in
both Slot A and Slot B:
orange twice, then
green twice.
In the event of power LED flashes when the
computer is turned on you should initially ensure
that the installed memory module(s) are
compatible with the computer. If you determine
that an incompatible module has been installed,
you should follow the steps as detailed below:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Disconnect the AC adaptor and all peripheral
devices.
3. Remove the battery pack.
4. Remove the incompatible memory module.
5. Install the battery and/or connect the AC
adaptor.
6. Turn on the computer.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
8-15
M9
Problem
Procedure
An error will occur if a
memory module is
inserted into Slot B
while no memory
module is inserted in
Slot A.
Remove the memory module from Slot B and
insert it into Slot A.
Sound system
In addition to the information in this section, please also refer to the
documentation supplied with your audio device.
Problem
Procedure
No sound is heard
Adjust the volume control dial.
Check the software volume settings.
Please check to see if Mute is turned to Off
Check to make sure the headphone connection
is secure.
Check within the Windows Device Manager
application to ensure the sound function is
enabled and that settings for elements such as
I/O port address, interrupt level and DMA
channel are correct for your software, and that
they do not conflict with any other hardware
devices connected to the computer.
For further information on these settings, please
refer to the documentation supplied with your
audio device.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
Annoying sound is
heard
8-16
In this instance you may be experiencing
feedback from either the internal microphone or
an external microphone connected to the
computer - please refer to Sound System in
Chapter 4, Operating Basics for further
information.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
User’s Manual
M9
External monitor
Please also refer to Chapter 3, Hardware, Utilities and Options, and to the
documentation supplied with your monitor for further information.
Problem
Procedure
Monitor does not turn
on
After confirming that the monitor’s power switch
is on, you should check the connections to make
sure that the power cord/adaptor is firmly
connected to the monitor and to a working power
outlet.
No display
Try adjusting the contrast and brightness controls
on the external monitor.
Press the Fn + F5 hot key in order to change the
display priority and ensure that it is not set for the
internal display only.
Check to see if the external monitor is connected.
When the external monitor is set as the primary
display device in extended desktop mode, it will
not display when the computer wakes up from
Sleep Mode if the external monitor has been
disconnected while in Sleep Mode.
To keep this from happening, do not disconnect
the external monitor while the computer is in
Sleep or Hibernation Mode.
Remember to turn off the computer before
disconnecting the external monitor.
When the display panel and an external monitor
are set to clone mode and they are turned off by
the timer, the display panel or the external
monitor may not display when turned on again.
If this occurs, press Fn + F5 to re-set the display
panel and external monitor to clone mode.
Display error occurs
User’s Manual
Check that the cable connecting the external
monitor to the computer is firmly attached.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
8-17
M9
i.LINK (IEEE1394) device
Problem
Procedure
i.LINK device does not
function
Make sure the cable is securely connected to the
computer and to the device.
Make sure the device’s power is turned on.
Reinstall the drivers. Open the Windows Control
Panel and double-click the Add Hardware icon.
Follow the on-screen directions.
Restart Windows.
If problems persist, contact your dealer.
Modem
Refer to Appendix C, Wireless LAN and Appendix D, AC Power Cord and
Connectors.
8-18
Problem
Procedure
Communication
software can’t initialize
modem
Make sure the computer’s internal modem
settings are correct. Refer to Phone and Modem
Properties in the Control Panel.
You can hear a dial
tone but can’t make a
call
If the call is going through a PBX machine, make
sure the communication application’s tone dial
detection feature is disabled.
You place a call, but a
connection can’t be
made
Make sure the settings are correct in your
communications application.
After making a call you
can’t hear a ring
Make sure the tone or pulse selection in your
communications application is set correctly.
Communication is cut
off unexpectedly
The computer will automatically cut off
communication when connection with the carrier
is not successful for a set time interval. Try
lengthening this time interval.
A CONNECT display is
quickly replaced by NO
CARRIER
Check the error control setting in your
communications application.
Character display
becomes garbled
during a
communication
session
In data transmission, make sure the parity bit and
stop bit settings correspond with those of the
remote computer.
Check the flow control and communication
protocol.
You cannot receive an
incoming call
Check the rings before auto answer setting in
your communications application.
If problems persist, contact your dealer.
User’s Manual
M9
LAN
Problem
Procedure
Cannot access LAN
Check for a firm cable connection between the
LAN jack and the LAN hub.
Wake-up on LAN does
not work
Make sure the AC adaptor is connected. The
Wake-up on LAN function consumes power even
when the system is off.
If problems persist, consult your LAN
administrator.
Wireless LAN
If the following procedures do not restore LAN access, consult your LAN
administrator. For more information on wireless communication, refer to
Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
Problem
Procedure
Cannot access
Wireless LAN
Make sure the computer’s Wireless
communication switch is set to on.
If problems persist, contact your LAN
administrator.
Bluetooth
For further information on Bluetooth wireless communication, please refer
to Chapter 4, Operating Basics.
Problem
Procedure
Cannot access
Bluetooth device
Check to ensure the computer’s Wireless
Communication Switch is set to on.
Check to ensure the Bluetooth Manager
application is running on the computer and that
power to the external Bluetooth device is turned
on.
Check to ensure that no optional Bluetooth
Adapter is installed in the computer - the built-in
Bluetooth hardware cannot operate
simultaneously with another Bluetooth controller.
If you are still unable to resolve the problem,
contact your reseller, dealer or service provider.
User’s Manual
8-19
M9
Disposing of the computer and the computer’s batteries
■ Discard this computer in accordance with applicable laws and
regulations. For further information, contact your local government.
■ This computer contains rechargeable batteries. After repeated use, the
batteries will finally lose their ability to hold a charge and you will need
to replace them. Under certain applicable laws and regulation, it may be
illegal to dispose of old batteries by placing them in the trash.
■ Please be kind to our shared environment. Check with your local
government authority for details regarding where to recycle old batteries
or how to dispose of them properly. This product contains mercury.
Disposal of this material may be regulated due to environmental
considerations. For disposal, reuse or recycling information, please
contact your local government.
■ If your hard disk drive or other storage media contains sensitive data,
you should be aware that standard deletion procedures do not remove
data from the media. These standard deletion procedures include:
■ Selecting Delete for a target file
■ Putting files in the Recycle Bin and emptying the Recycle Bin
■ Reformatting the media
■ Reinstalling an operating system from the recovery CD-ROM
The procedures above delete only the initial part of the data used for file
management. This makes the file invisible to the operating system, but
the data can still be read by specialized utilities. If you dispose of the
computer, please delete all the data on its hard disk drive. Doing so
prevents unauthorized use of such data. To ensure your data is not
used for unauthorized purposes, you can:
■ Physically destroy the hard disk drive
■ Use a proven specialized utility to overwrite all data
■ Take the hard disk drive to a professional deletion service
All data deletion costs will be borne by you.
8-20
User’s Manual
M9
TOSHIBA support
If you require any additional help using your computer or if you are having
problems operating the computer, you may need to contact TOSHIBA for
additional technical assistance.
Before you call
Some problems you experience may be related to software or the operating
system so it is important that you investigate other sources of assistance
first. Before contacting TOSHIBA, try the following:
■ Review troubleshooting sections in the documentation supplied with
your software and/or peripheral devices.
■ If a problem occurs when you are running software applications, consult
the software documentation for troubleshooting suggestions and
consider calling the software company’s technical support department
for assistance.
■ Consult the reseller or dealer from where you purchased your computer
and/or software - they are your best resource for current information
and support.
Where to write
■ If you are still unable to solve the problem and suspect that it is
hardware related, write to TOSHIBA at the location listed in the
accompanying warranty booklet or visit www.toshiba-europe.com on
the internet.
User’s Manual
8-21
M9
8-22
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix A
Specifications
This appendix summarizes the computer’s technical specifications.
Physical Dimensions
Weight (typical)
2.43 kilograms, configured with: 14" WXGA,
512 MB RAM x 2, 80 GB HDD, DVD Super Multi
drive, LAN (1000M bps), 6cell battery pack,
Wireless LAN.
Weight will vary with other configurations. Above
weights are measured at specific criteria. They are
not guaranteed as the maximum weight of the
actual product.
Size
336 (w) × 245 (d) × 31.6/36.3 (h) millimeters (not
including parts that extend beyond the main body)
Environmental Requirements
User’s Manual
Conditions
Ambient temperature
Relative humidity
Operating
5°C (41°F) to 35°C (95°F)
20% to 80%
Non-operating
-20°C (-4°F) to 65°C (149°F) 10% to 90%
Thermal Gradient
20°C per hour maximum
Wet-bulb
temperature
26°C maximum
Conditions
Altitude (from sea level)
Operating
-60 to 3,000 meters
Non-operating
-60 to 10,000 meters
maximum
A-1
M9
Power Requirements
AC adaptor
100-240 volts AC
50 or 60 hertz (cycles per second)
Computer
15 V DC
5.0 amperes
Built-in Modem
Network control unit (NCU)
Type of NCU
AA
Type of line
Telephone line (analog only)
Type of dialing
Pulse
Tone
Control command
AT commands
EIA-578 commands
Monitor function
Computer’s speaker
Communication specifications
A-2
Communication
system
Data:
Fax:
Full duplex
Half duplex
Communication
protocol
Data
ITU-T-Rec
(Former CCITT)
Bell
Fax
ITU-T-Rec
(Former CCITT)
V.21/V.22/V.22bis/V.32
/V.32bis/V.34/V.90
103/212A
V.17/V.29/V.27ter
/V.21 ch2
User’s Manual
M9
User’s Manual
Communication
speed
Data transmission and reception
300/1200/2400/4800/7200/9600/12000/14400/
16800/19200/21600/24000/26400/28800/
31200/33600 bps
Data reception only with V.90
28000/29333/30666/32000/33333/34666/
36000/37333/38666/40000/41333/42666/
44000/45333/46666/48000/49333/50666/
52000/53333/54666/56000 bps
Fax
2400/4800/7200/9600/12000/14400 bps
Transmitting level
-10 dBm
Receiving level
-10 to -40 dBm
Input/output
impedance
600 ohms ±30%
Error correcting
MNP class 4 and ITU-T V.42
Data compression
MNP class 5 and ITU-T V.42bis
Power supply
+3.3V (supplied by computer)
A-3
M9
A-4
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix B
Display Controller and Video mode
Display controller
The display controller interprets software commands into hardware
commands that turn particular parts on the screen on or off.
Due to the display panel’s increased resolution, lines may appear broken
in when displaying images in full-screen text mode.
The display controller also controls the video mode and uses industry
standard rules to govern the screen resolution and the maximum number of
colors that can be displayed at any one time. Therefore, software written for
a given video mode will run on any computer that supports that mode.
Video mode
Video mode settings are configured via the Display Properties dialog.
To open the Display Properties dialog, click Start -> Control Panel ->
Appearance and Personalization -> Personalization -> Display
Settings.
If you are running some applications (for example a 3D application or video
playback and so on), you may see some disturbance, flickering or frame
dropping on your screen.
If that occurs, adjust the resolution of display, lowering it until the screen is
displayed properly.
You could also disable Windows Aero™ to help correct this situation.
User’s Manual
B-1
M9
B-2
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix C
Wireless LAN
This appendix is intended to help you get your Wireless LAN network up
and running, with a minimum of parameters.
Card Specifications
Form Factor
Compatibility
Network Operating
System
Media Access
Protocol
User’s Manual
PCI Express Mini Card
■ IEEE 802.11 Standard for Wireless LANS
■ Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) certified by the Wi-Fi
Alliance. The “Wi-Fi CERTIFIED” logo is a
certification mark of the Wi-Fi Alliance.
■ Microsoft Windows® Networking
■ CSMA/CA (Collision Avoidance) with
Acknowledgment (ACK)
C-1
M9
Radio Characteristics
Radio Characteristics of Wireless LAN Cards may vary according to:
■ Country/region where the product was purchased
■ Type of product
Wireless communication is often subject to local radio regulations.
Although Wireless LAN wireless networking products have been designed
for operation in the license-free 2.4GHz and 5GHz band, local radio
regulations may impose a number of limitations to the use of wireless
communication equipment.
Refer to the sheet “Information to the User” for regulatory information that
may apply in your country/region.
R-F Frequency
■ Band 5GHz (5150-5850 MHz) (Revision A, N
Draft Ver. 1.0)
■ Band 2.4GHz (2400-2483.5 MHz) (Revision
B, G, N Draft Ver. 1.0)
The range of the wireless signal is related to the transmit rate of the
wireless communication. Communications at lower transmit range may
travel larger distances.
■ The range of your wireless devices can be affected when the antennas
are placed near metal surfaces and solid high-density materials.
■ Range is also impacted due to “obstacles” in the signal path of the radio
that may either absorb or reflect the radio signal.
Supported Frequency Sub-bands
Subject to the radio regulations that apply in the countries/regions, your
Wireless LAN card may support a different set of 5 GHz/2.4 GHz channels.
Consult your Authorized Wireless LAN or TOSHIBA Sales office for
information about the radio regulations that apply in the countries/regions.
C-2
User’s Manual
M9
Wireless IEEE 802.11 Channels Sets (Revision B, G and N Draft
Ver. 1.0)
Frequency Range
Channel ID
2400-2483.5 MHz
1
2412
2
2417
3
2422
4
2427
5
2432
6
2437
7
2442
8
2447
9
2452
10
2457*1
11
2462
12
2467*2
13
2472*2
*1 Factory-set default channels
*2 Refer to the sheet Approved Countries/Regions for use for the countries/
regions that in which these channels can be used. When installing
Wireless LAN cards, the channel configuration is managed as follows:
■ For wireless clients that operate in a Wireless LAN Infrastructure, the
Wireless LAN card will automatically start operation at the channel
identified by the Wireless LAN Access Point. When roaming between
different access points the station can dynamically switch to another
channel if required.
■ For Wireless LAN cards installed in wireless clients that operating in a
peer-to-peer mode, the card will use the default channel 10.
■ In a Wireless LAN Access Point, the Wireless LAN card will use the
factory-set default channel (printed in bold), unless the LAN
Administrator selected a different channel when configuring the
Wireless LAN Access Point device.
User’s Manual
C-3
M9
Wireless IEEE 802.11 Channels Sets (Revision A and N Draft Ver. 1.0)
C-4
Frequency Range
Channel ID
5150-5850 MHz
36
5180
40
5200
44
5220
48
5240
52
5260
56
5280
60
5300
64
5320
100
5500
104
5520
108
5540
112
5560
116
5580
120
5600
124
5620
128
5640
132
5660
136
5680
140
5700
149
5745
153
5765
157
5785
161
5805
165
5825
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix D
AC Power Cord and Connectors
The power cord’s AC input plug must be compatible with the various
international AC power outlets and the cord must meet the standards for
the country/region in which it is used. All cords must meet the following
specifications:
Length:
Minimum 1.7 meters
Wire size:
Minimum 0.75 mm2
Current rating:
Minimum 2.5 amperes
Voltage rating:
125 or 250 VAC
(depending on country/region’s power standards)
Certification agencies
U.S. and Canada: UL listed and CSA certified
No. 18 AWG, Type SVT or SPT-2
Australia:
AS
Japan:
DENANHO
Europe:
Austria:
OVE
Italy:
IMQ
Belgium:
CEBEC
The Netherlands:
KEMA
Denmark:
DEMKO
Norway:
NEMKO
Finland:
FIMKO
Sweden:
SEMKO
France:
LCIE
Switzerland:
SEV
Germany:
VDE
United Kingdom:
BSI
In Europe, two conductors power cord must be VDE type, H05VVH2-F or
H03VVH2-F and for three conductors power cord must be VDE type,
H05VV-F.
User’s Manual
D-1
M9
For the United States and Canada, two pin plug configuration must be a
2-15P (250V) or 1-15P (125V) and three pin plug configuration must be
6-15P (250V) or 5-15P (125V) as designated in the U.S. National Electrical
code handbook and the Canadian Electrical Code Part II.
The following illustrations show the plug shapes for the U.S.A. and Canada,
the United Kingdom, Australia and Europe.
United Kingdom
USA
UL approved
BS approved
Australia
Europe
AS approved
Canada
Approved by the
appropriate agency
CSA approved
D-2
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix E
Intel® Matrix Storage Manager
If you are installing the operating system on a computer system which is
configured for AHCI mode, you must pre-install the Intel® Matrix Storage
Manager driver using the F6 installation method described in the Manually
Setting up Windows (Windows Vista™) or Manually Setting up Windows
Manually (Windows XP) sections.
This model does not support RAID functionality.
If you have already installed the operating system on a system configured
for AHCI mode, double-click iata_cd.exe and respond to each of the
prompts in order to install the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager.
All installed files (readme.txt, help, etc.) are copied to the following path by
default:
<bootdrive>\Program Files\Intel\Intel Matrix Storage
Manager
Manually Setting up Windows (Windows Vista™)
Use the following procedures to manually set up your Windows operating
system.
Before Setting up Windows
Before setting up Windows, create an Intel® Matrix Storage Manager Disk.
Creating an Intel® Matrix Storage Manager Disk
1. Connect the USB floppy disk drive and insert a floppy disk.
2. Copy all of the files located in the “C:\Toshiba\Drivers\Intel Matrix
Storage Manager\Inf setup” folder to the floppy disk.
User’s Manual
E-1
M9
Windows Setup Procedure
1. Connect the USB floppy disk drive and insert the above disk.
2. Insert the Windows Setup DVD into the optical disc drive and boot the
computer from the DVD. The Windows Setup program will start.
3. Carry out the setup process by following the instructions displayed on
the setup screen. When the message “Which type of
installation do you want?” appears, select Custom
(advanced).
4. When the message “Where do you want to install Windows?”
appears, click Load Driver.
5. Click the Browse button and then select Floppy Disk Drive(A:).
6. Select “Intel(R) 82801HEM/HBM SATA AHCI Controller” from
the list that appear, and click Next.
7. When the message “Where do you want to install Windows?”
appears again, select the destination drive and then click Next.
8. Continue to follow the onscreen instructions to finish installing windows.
■ Please use only hard disk drives that the computer supports. The
system may not function correctly if unsupported hard disk drives are
used.
■ Errors may occur in the following situations:
■ When using applications which directly access the hardware and
read from or write to the hard disk drive.
■ When using another operating system, such as Linux, to run
application that read from or right to the hard disk drive.
Manually Setting up Windows Manually (Windows XP)
Use the following procedures to manually set up your Windows operating
system.
Before Setting up Windows
Before setting up Windows, create an Intel® Matrix Storage Manager Disk.
Creating the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager Disk
1. Connect the USB floppy disk drive and insert a floppy disk.
2. Copy all of the files located in the “C:\Toshiba\Drivers\Intel
Matrix Storage Manager\Inf setup” folder to the floppy disk.
Windows Setup Procedure
1. Connect the USB floppy disk drive and insert the disk created in the
previous step.
2. Insert the Windows Setup CD-ROM into the optical disc drive and boot
the computer up from the CD. The Windows Setup program will start.
E-2
User’s Manual
M9
3. When the message “Press F6 if you need to install a
third party SCSI or RAID driver” appears on the screen,
press the F6 key.
4. When the message “Setup will load support for the
following mass storage device(s):” appears on the screen,
press the S key.
5. Select “Intel(R) 82801HEM/HBM SATA AHCI Controller
(Mobile ICH8M-E/M)” and press the Enter key.
6. Follow the onscreen instructions to continue setting up windows.
■ Please use only hard disk drives that the computer supports. The
system may not function correctly if unsupported hard disk drives are
used.
■ Errors may occur in the following situations:
■ When using applications which directly access the hardware and
read from or write to the hard disk drive.
■ When using another operating system, such as Linux, to run
application that read from or right to the hard disk drive.
How to install Intel® Matrix Storage Manager on Windows XP
or Windows Vista™
To install this software on Windows XP or Windows Vista™ logon with an
account that has administrator user privileges.
1. Double-click the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager setup file
(“iata_cd.exe”) located in the
C:\Toshiba\Drivers\Intel Matrix Storage Manager folder.
2. Follow the onscreen installation instructions.
3. Restart the system.
User’s Manual
E-3
M9
E-4
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix F
Legal Footnotes
This chapter states the Legal Footnotes information applicable to TOSHIBA
computers. In the text in this manual, *XX is used to show which Legal
Footnotes description is related to TOSHIBA computers.
Description(s) related to this computer are marked with a blue *XX in this
manual. Clicking on *XX will display the related description.
Non-applicable Icons*1
Certain computer chassis are designed to accommodate all possible
configurations for an entire product series. Therefore, please be aware that
your selected model may not have all the features and specifications
corresponding to all of the icons or switches shown on the computer
chassis.
CPU*2
Central Processing Unit (“CPU”) Performance Legal Footnotes.
CPU performance in your computer product may vary from specifications
under the following conditions:
■ use of certain external peripheral products
■ use of battery power instead of AC power
■ use of certain multimedia, computer generated graphics or video
applications
■ use of standard telephone lines or low speed network connections
■ use of complex modeling software, such as high end computer aided
design applications
■ use of several applications or functionalities simultaneously
■ use of computer in areas with low air pressure (high altitude
>1,000 meters or >3,280 feet above sea level)
■ use of computer at temperatures outside the range of 5°C to 30°C
(41°F to 86°F) or >25°C (77°F) at high altitude (all temperature
references are approximate and may vary depending on the specific
computer model - please refer to your computer documentation or visit
the Toshiba website at www.pcsupport.toshiba.com for details).
User’s Manual
F-1
M9
CPU performance may also vary from specifications due to design
configuration.
Under some conditions, your computer product may automatically
shut-down. This is a normal protective feature designed to reduce the risk
of lost data or damage to the product when used outside recommended
conditions. To avoid risk of lost data, always make back-up copies of data
by periodically storing it on an external storage medium. For optimum
performance, use your computer product only under recommended
conditions. Read additional restrictions in your product documentation.
Contact Toshiba technical service and support, refer to TOSHIBA support
section in Chapter 8 Troubleshooting for more information.
64-Bit Computing
The following section applies only to Intel® Core™ 2 Duo Processor
equipped models.
64-bit processors are designed to take advantage of 32 and 64 bit
computing.
64-bit computing requires that the following hardware and software
requirements are met:
■ 64-bit Operating System
■ 64-bit CPU, Chipset and BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
■ 64-bit Device drivers
■ 64-bit applications
Certain device drivers and/or applications may not be compatible with a
64-bit CPU and therefore may not function properly. A 32-bit version of the
operating system is preinstalled on your computer unless explicitly stated
that the operating system is 64-bit.
Memory (Main System)*3
Part of the main system memory may be used by the graphics system for
graphics performance and therefore reduce the amount of main system
memory available for other computing activities. The amount of main
system memory allocated to support graphics may vary depending on the
graphics system, applications utilized, system memory size and other
factors. For computer’s configured with 4 GB of system memory, the full
system memory space for computing activities will be considerably less and
will vary by model and system configuration.
F-2
User’s Manual
M9
Battery Life*4
Battery life may vary considerably depending on product model,
configuration, applications, power management settings and features
utilized, as well as the natural performance variations produced by the
design of individual components. Published battery life numbers are
achieved on select models and configurations tested by Toshiba at the time
of publication. Recharge time varies depending on usage. Battery may not
charge while computer is consuming full power.
After going through many charge and discharge cycles, the battery will lose
its ability to perform at maximum capacity and will need to be replaced.
This is a normal phenomenon for all batteries. To purchase a new battery
pack, see the accessories information that is shipped with your computer.
Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Capacity*5
1 Gigabyte (GB) means 109 = 1,000,000,000 bytes using powers of 10.
The computer operating system, however, reports storage capacity using
powers of 2 for the definition of 1 GB = 230 = 1,073,741,824 bytes, and
therefore shows less storage capacity. Available storage capacity will also
be less if the product includes one or more pre-installed operating systems,
such as Microsoft Windows and/or pre-installed software applications, or
media content. Actual formatted capacity may vary.
LCD*6
Over a period of time, and depending on the usage of the computer, the
brightness of the LCD screen will deteriorate. This is an intrinsic
characteristic of LCD technology.
Maximum brightness is only available when operating in AC power mode.
The screen will dim when the computer is operated on battery power and
you may not be able to increase the brightness of the screen.
Graphics Processor Unit (“GPU”)*7
Graphics processor unit (“GPU”) performance may vary depending on
product model, design configuration, applications, power management
settings and features utilized. GPU performance is only optimized when
operating in AC power mode and may decrease considerably when
operating in battery power mode.
User’s Manual
F-3
M9
Wireless LAN*8
The transmission speed over the wireless LAN and the distance over which
wireless LAN can reach may vary depending on surrounding
electromagnetic environment, obstacles, access point design and
configuration, and client design and software/hardware configurations.
The actual transmission speed will be lower than the theoretical maximum
speed.
The Intel® Next-Gen Wireless-N adaptor is based on a draft release version
of the IEEE 802.11n specification, also known as “Draft-N”, which may not
be compatible with, or support all features (e.g., security) of, certain Wi-Fi
equipment.
Copy Protection*9
Applicable copy protection standards included in certain media may
prevent or limit recording or viewing of the media.
Images*10
All images are simulated for purposes of illustration.
F-4
User’s Manual
M9
Appendix G
If your computer is stolen
Always take care of your computer and try to prevent it from being stolen.
You are the owner of a valuable technical device, which may be highly
attractive to thieves, so please do not leave it unattended in a public place.
To further help protect against theft, security cables can be bought for use
with your notebook when it is being used at home or in the office.
Make a note of your computer’s machine type, model number, and serial
number, and put it in a safe place. You will find this information on the
underside of your notebook. Please also keep the receipt of the computer
you purchased.
Should your computer be stolen, however, we’ll help you try to find it.
Before contacting TOSHIBA, please prepare the following information
which is necessary to uniquely identify your computer:
■ In which country was your computer stolen?
■ What type of machine do you have?
■ What was the model number (PA number)?
■ What was the serial number (8 digits)?
■ When was it stolen, i.e. date?
■ What is your address, phone, and fax number?
To register the theft on paper, please follow these procedures:
■ Fill in the TOSHIBA Theft Registration form (or a copy of it) below.
■ Attach a copy of your receipt showing where your computer was
purchased.
■ Either fax or send the receipt and registration form to the address
below.
To register the theft online, please follow these procedures:
■ Visit www.toshiba-europe.com on the Internet. In the product area,
choose Computer Systems.
■ In the Computer Systems page, open the Support & Downloads menu
and choose the Stolen Units Database option.
Your entries are used to track your computer at our service points.
User’s Manual
G-1
M9
TOSHIBA Theft Registration
Send to:
Fax number:
TOSHIBA Europe GmbH
Technical Service and Support
Leibnizstr. 2
93055 Regensburg
Germany
+49 (0) 941 7807 921
Country stolen:
Machine type:
(e.g. M9)
Model number:
(e.g. PSA50 YXT)
Serial number:
(e.g. 12345678G)
Date stolen:
Year
Month
Day
Owner’s details
Last name, first name:
Company:
Street:
Postal Code/City:
Country:
Phone:
Fax:
G-2
User’s Manual
M9
Glossary
The terms in this glossary cover topics related to this manual. Alternate
naming is included for reference.
Abbreviations
AC: alternating current
AGP: accelerated graphics port
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
APM: advanced power manager
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange
BIOS: basic input output system
CD-ROM: Compact Disc-Read Only Memory
CD-RW: Compact Disc-ReWritable
CMOS: complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CPU: central processing unit
CRT: cathode ray tube
DC: direct current
DDC: display data channel
DMA: direct memory access
DOS: disk operating system
DVD: digital versatile disc
DVD-R: Digital Versatile Disc-Recordable
DVD-RAM: Digital Versatile Disc-Random Access Memory
DVD-R (Dual Layer): Digital Versatile Disc Recordable Dual Layer
DVD-ROM: Digital Versatile Disc-Read Only Memory
DVD-RW: Digital Versatile Disc-ReWritable
DVD+R (Double Layer): Digital Versatile Disc Recordable Double Layer
ECP: extended capabilities port
FDD: floppy diskette drive
FIR: fast infrared
HDD: hard disk drive
IDE: integrated drive electronics
User’s Manual
Glossary-1
M9
I/O: input/output
IRQ: interrupt request
KB: kilobyte
LCD: liquid crystal display
LED: light emitting diode
LSI: large scale integration
MB: megabyte
MS-DOS: Microsoft Disk Operating System
OCR: optical character recognition (reader)
PCB: printed circuit board
PCI: peripheral component interconnect
RAM: random access memory
RGB: red, green, and blue
ROM: read only memory
RTC: real time clock
SCSI: small computer system interface
SIO: serial input/output
TFT: thin-film transistor
UART: universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter
USB: Universal Serial Bus
UXGA: ultra extended graphics array
VGA: video graphics array
VRT: voltage reduction technology
WXGA: wide extended graphics array
WXGA+: wide extended graphics array plus
XGA: extended graphics array
A
AccuPoint: A pointing device integrated into the TOSHIBA computer
keyboard.
adaptor: A device that provides an interface between two dissimilar
electronic devices. For example, the AC adaptor modifies the power
from a wall outlet for use by the computer. This term also refers to
the add-in circuit cards that control external devices, such as video
monitors and magnetic tape devices.
allocate: To assign a space or function for a specific task.
alphanumeric: Keyboard characters including letters, numbers and other
symbols, such as punctuation marks or mathematical symbols.
alternating current (AC): Electric current that reverses its direction of flow
at regular intervals.
Glossary-2
User’s Manual
M9
analog signal: A signal whose characteristics such as amplitude and
frequency vary in proportion to (are an analog of) the value to be
transmitted. Voice communications are analog signals.
ANSI: American National Standards Institute. An organization established
to adopt and define standards for a variety of technical disciplines.
For example, ANSI defined the ASCII standard and other
information processing requirements.
antistatic: A material used to prevent the buildup of static electricity.
application: A group of programs that together are used for a specific task
such as accounting, financial planning, spreadsheets, word
processing and games.
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII code is
a set of 256 binary codes that represent the most commonly used
letters, numbers, and symbols.
async: Short for asynchronous.
asynchronous: Lacking regular time relationship. As applied to computer
communications, asynchronous refers to the method of transmitting
data that does not require a steady stream of bits to be transmitted
at regular time intervals.
B
backup: A duplicate copy of files kept as a spare in case the original is
destroyed.
batch file: A file that can be executed from the system prompt containing a
sequence of operating system commands or executable files.
binary: The base two number system composed of zeros and ones (off or
on), used by most digital computers. The right-most digit of a binary
number has a value of 1, the next a value of 2, then 4, 8, 16, and so
on. For example, the binary number 101 has a value of 5. See also
ASCII.
BIOS: Basic Input Output System. The firmware that controls data flow
within the computer. See also firmware.
bit: Derived from “binary digit,” the basic unit of information used by the
computer. It is either zero or one. Eight bits is one byte. See also
byte.
board: A circuit board. An internal card containing electronic components,
called chips, which perform a specific function or increase the
capabilities of the system.
boot: Short for bootstrap. A program that starts or restarts the computer.
The program reads instructions from a storage device into the
computer’s memory.
bps: Bits per second. Typically used to describe the data transmission
speed of a modem.
User’s Manual
Glossary-3
M9
buffer: The portion of the computer’s memory where data is temporarily
stored. Buffers often compensate for differences in the rate of flow
from one device to another.
bus: An interface for transmission of signals, data or electric power.
byte: The representation of a single character. A sequence of eight bits
treated as a single unit; also the smallest addressable unit within the
system.
C
cache memory: High speed memory which stores data that increases
processor speed and data transfer rate. When the CPU reads data
from main memory, it stores a copy of this data in cache memory.
The next time the CPU needs that same data, it looks for it in the
cache memory rather than the main memory, which saves time. The
computer has two cache levels. Level one is incorporated into the
processor and level two resides in external memory.
capacity: The amount of data that can be stored on a magnetic storage
device such as a floppy diskette or hard disk drive. It is usually
described in terms of kilobytes (KB), where one KB = 1024 bytes,
megabytes (MB), where one MB = 1024 KB and gigabytes (GB),
where one GB = 1024 MB.
card: Synonym for board. See board.
CardBus: An industry standard bus for 32-bit PC Cards.
CD-ROM: A Compact Disc-Read Only Memory is a high capacity disc that
can be read from but not written to. The CD-ROM drive uses a laser,
rather than magnetic heads, to read data from the disc.
CD-R: A Compact Disc-Recordable disc can be written once and read
many times. See also CD-ROM.
CD-RW: A Compact Disc-ReWritable disc can be rewritten many times.
See also CD-ROM.
character: Any letter, number, punctuation mark, or symbol used by the
computer. Also synonymous with byte.
chassis: The frame containing the computer.
chip: A small semiconductor containing computer logic and circuitry for
processing, memory, input/output functions and controlling other
chips.
CMOS: Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor. An electronic circuit
fabricated on a silicon wafer that requires very little power.
Integrated circuits implemented in CMOS technology can be tightly
packaged and are highly reliable.
cold start: Starting a computer that is currently off (turning on the power).
COM1, COM2, COM3 and COM4: The names assigned to the serial and
communication ports.
commands: Instructions you enter at the terminal keyboard that direct the
actions of the computer or its peripheral devices.
Glossary-4
User’s Manual
M9
communications: The means by which a computer transmits and receives
data to and from another computer or device. See parallel interface;
serial interface.
compatibility: 1) The ability of one computer to accept and process data in
the same manner as another computer without modifying the data or
the media upon which it is being transferred.
2) the ability of one device to connect to or communicate with
another system or component.
components: Elements or parts (of a system) which make up the whole
(system).
computer program: A set of instructions written for a computer that enable
it to achieve a desired result.
computer system: A combination of hardware, software, firmware, and
peripheral components assembled to process data into useful
information.
configuration: The specific components in your system (such as the
terminal, printer, and disk drives) and the settings that define how
your system works. You use the HW Setup program to control your
system configuration.
control keys: A key or sequence of keys you enter from the keyboard to
initiate a particular function within a program.
controller: Built-in hardware and software that controls the functions of a
specific internal or peripheral device (e.g. keyboard controller).
co-processor: A circuit built into the processor that is dedicated to
intensive math calculations.
CPS: Characters Per Second. Typically used to indicate the transmission
speed of a printer.
CPU: Central Processing Unit. The portion of the computer that interprets
and executes instructions.
CRT: Cathode Ray Tube. A vacuum tube in which beams projected on a
fluorescent screen-producing luminous spots. An example is the
television set.
cursor: A small, blinking rectangle or line that indicates the current position
on the display screen.
D
data: Information that is factual, measurable or statistical that a computer
can process, store, or retrieve.
data bits: A data communications parameter controlling the number of bits
(binary digits) used to make up a byte. If data bits = 7 the computer
can generate 128 unique characters. If data bits = 8 the computer
can generate 256 unique characters.
DC: Direct Current. Electric current that flows in one direction. This type of
power is usually supplied by batteries.
User’s Manual
Glossary-5
M9
default: The parameter value automatically selected by the system when
you or the program do not provide instructions. Also called a preset
value.
delete: To remove data from a disk or other data storage device.
Synonymous with erase.
device driver: A program that controls communication between a specific
peripheral device and the computer. The CONFIG.SYS file contains
device drivers that MS-DOS loads when you turn the computer on.
dialog box: A window that accepts user input to make system settings or
record other information.
disk drive: The device that randomly accesses information on a disk and
copies it to the computer’s memory. It also writes data from memory
to the disk. To accomplish these tasks, the unit physically rotates the
disk at high speed past a read-write head.
disk storage: Storing data on magnetic disk. Data is arranged on
concentric tracks much like a phonograph record.
display: A CRT, LCD, or other image producing device used to view
computer output.
documentation: The set of manuals and/or other instructions written for
the users of a computer system or application. Computer system
documentation typically includes procedural and tutorial information
as well as system functions.
DOS: Disk Operating System. See operating system.
driver: A software program, generally part of the operating system, that
controls a specific piece of hardware (frequently a peripheral device
such as a printer or mouse).
DVD-R (+R, -R): A Digital Versatile Disc-Recordable disk can be written
once and read many times. The DVD-R drive uses a laser to read
data from the disc.
DVD-RAM: A Digital Versatile Disc-Random Access Memory is a highcapacity, high performance disc that lets you store large volumes of
data. The DVD-ROM drive uses a laser to read data from the disc.
DVD-R (Dual Layer): A disc having two layers on one side with the DVD-R
storage capacity about 1.8 times larger than before. The DVD-RW
drive uses a laser to read data from the disc.
DVD-ROM: A Digital Versatile Disc-Read Only Memory is a high capacity,
high performance disc suitable for play back of video and other highdensity files. The DVD-ROM drive uses a laser to read data from the
disc.
DVD-RW (+RW, -RW): A Digital Versatile Disc-ReWritable disc can be
rewritten many times.
DVD+R (Double Layer): A disc having two layers on one side with the
DVD+R storage capacity about 1.8 times larger than before. The
DVD-RW drive uses a laser to read data from the disc.
Glossary-6
User’s Manual
M9
E
echo: To send back a reflection of the transmitted data to the sending
device. You can display the information on the screen, or output it to
the printer, or both. When a computer receives back data it
transmitted to a CRT (or other peripheral device) and then
retransmits the data to printer, the printer is said to echo the CRT.
erase: See delete.
escape: 1) A code (ASCII code 27), signaling the computer that what
follows are commands; used with peripheral devices such as
printers and modems.
2) A means of aborting the task currently in progress.
escape guard time: A time before and after an escape code is sent to the
modem which distinguishes between escapes that are part of the
transmitted data, and escapes that are intended as a command to
the modem.
execute: To interpret and execute an instruction.
Extended Capability Port: An industry standard that provides a data
buffer, switchable forward and reverse data transmission, and run
length encoding (RLE) support.
F
fast infrared: An industry standard that enables cableless infrared serial
data transfer at speeds of up to 4 Mbps.
file: A collection of related information; a file can contain data, programs, or
both.
fingerprint sensor: The fingerprint sensor compares and analyzes the
unique characteristics in a fingerprint.
firmware: A set of instructions built into the hardware which controls and
directs a microprocessor’s activities.
floppy diskette: A removable disk that stores magnetically encoded data.
floppy diskette drive (FDD): An electromechanical device that reads and
writes to floppy diskettes.
Fn-esse: A TOSHIBA utility that lets you assign functions to hot keys.
folder: An icon in Windows used to store documents or other folders.
format: The process of readying a blank disk for its first use. Formatting
establishes the structure of the disk that the operating system
expects before it writes files or programs onto the disk.
function keys: The keys labeled F1 through F12 that tell the computer to
perform certain functions.
User’s Manual
Glossary-7
M9
G
gigabyte (GB): A unit of data storage equal to 1024 megabytes. See also
megabyte.
graphics: Drawings, pictures, or other images, such as charts or graphs, to
present information.
H
hard disk: A non-removable disk usually referred to as drive C. The factory
installs this disk and only a trained engineer can remove it for
servicing. Also called fixed disk.
hard disk drive (HDD): An electromechanical device that reads and writes
a hard disk. See also hard disk.
hardware: The physical electronic and mechanical components of a
computer system: typically, the computer itself, external disk drives,
etc. See also software and firmware.
hertz: A unit of wave frequency that equals one cycle per second.
hexadecimal: The base 16 numbering system composed of the digits 0
through 9 and the letters A, B, C, D, E, and F.
host computer: The computer that controls, regulates, and transmits
information to a device or another computer.
hot key: The computer’s feature in which certain keys in combination with
the extended function key, Fn, can be used to set system
parameters, such as speaker volume.
HW Setup: A TOSHIBA utility that lets you set the parameters for various
hardware components.
I
icon: A small graphic image displayed on the screen or in the indicator
panel. In Windows, an icon represents an object that the user can
manipulate.
i.LINK (IEEE1394): This port enables high-speed data transfer directly
from external devices such as digital video cameras.
input: The data or instructions you provide to a computer, communication
device or other peripheral device from the keyboard or external or
internal storage devices. The data sent (or output) by the sending
computer is input for the receiving computer.
instruction: Statements or commands that specify how to perform a
particular task.
Glossary-8
User’s Manual
M9
interface: 1) Hardware and/or software components of a system used
specifically to connect one system or device to another.
2) To physically connect one system or device to another to
exchange information.
3) The point of contact between user, the computer, and the
program, for example, the keyboard or a menu.
interrupt request: A signal that gives a component access to the
processor.
I/O: Input/output. Refers to acceptance and transfer of data to and from a
computer.
I/O devices: Equipment used to communicate with the computer and
transfer data to and from it.
J
jumper: A small clip or wire that allows you to change the hardware
characteristics by electrically connecting two points of a circuit.
K
K: Taken from the Greek word kilo, meaning 1000; often used as equivalent
to 1024, or 2 raised to the 10th power. See also byte and kilobyte.
KB: See kilobyte.
keyboard: An input device containing switches that are activated by
manually pressing marked keys. Each keystroke activates a switch
that transmits a specific code to the computer. For each key, the
transmitted code is, in turn, representative of the (ASCII) character
marked on the key.
kilobyte (KB): A unit of data storage equal to 1024 bytes. See also byte
and megabyte.
L
level 2 cache: See cache.
Light Emitting Diode (LED): A semiconductor device that emits light when
a current is applied.
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD): Liquid crystal sealed between two sheets of
glass coated with transparent conducting material. The viewing-side
coating is etched into character forming segments with leads that
extend to the edge of the glass. Applying a voltage between the
glass sheets alters the brightness of the liquid crystal.
LSI: Large Scale Integration.
1) A technology that allows the inclusion of up to 100,000 simple
logic gates on a single chip.
2) An integrated circuit that uses large scale integration.
User’s Manual
Glossary-9
M9
M
main board: See motherboard.
megabyte (MB): A unit of data storage equal to 1024 kilobytes. See also
kilobyte.
megahertz: A unit of wave frequency that equals 1 million cycles per
second. See also hertz.
menu: A software interface that displays a list of options on the screen.
Also called a screen.
microprocessor: A hardware component contained in a single integrated
circuit that carries out instructions. Also called the central
processing unit (CPU), one of the main parts of the computer.
mode: A method of operation, for example, the Boot Mode, Sleep Mode or
the Hibernation Mode.
monitor: A device that uses rows and columns of pixels to display
alphanumeric characters or graphic images. See also CRT.
motherboard: A name sometimes used to refer to the main printed circuit
board in processing equipment. It usually contains integrated
circuits that perform the processor’s basic functions and provides
connectors for adding other boards that perform special functions.
Sometimes called a main board.
MP3: An audio compression standard that enables high-quality
transmission and real-time playback of sound files.
N
non-system disk: A formatted floppy diskette you can use to store
programs and data but you cannot use to start the computer. See
system disk.
nonvolatile memory: Memory, usually read-only (ROM), that is capable of
permanently storing information. Turning the computer’s power off
does not alter data stored in nonvolatile memory.
numeric keypad overlay: A feature that allows you to use certain keys on
the keyboard to perform numeric entry, or to control cursor and page
movement.
O
OCR: Optical Character Recognition (reader). A technique or device that
uses laser or visible light to identify characters and input them into a
storage device.
online state: A functional state of a peripheral device when it is ready to
receive or transmit data.
Glossary-10
User’s Manual
M9
operating system: A group of programs that controls the basic operation
of a computer. Operating system functions include interpreting
programs, creating data files, and controlling the transmission and
receipt (input/output) of data to and from memory and peripheral
devices.
output: The results of a computer operation. Output commonly indicates
data.
1) printed on paper, 2) displayed at a terminal, 3) sent through the
serial port of internal modem, or 4) stored on some magnetic media.
P
parity: 1) The symmetrical relationship between two parameter values
(integers) both of which are either on or off; odd or even; 0 or 1.
2) In serial communications, an error detection bit that is added to a
group of data bits making the sum of the bits even or odd. Parity can
be set to none, odd, or even.
password: A unique string of characters used to identify a specific user.
The computer provides various levels of password protection such
as user, supervisor and eject.
pel: The smallest area of the display that can be addressed by software.
Equal in size to a pixel or group of pixels. See pixel.
peripheral component interconnect: An industry standard 32-bit bus.
peripheral device: An I/O device that is external to the central processor
and/or main memory such as a printer or a mouse.
pixel: A picture element. The smallest dot that can be made on a display or
printer. Also called a pel.
plug and play: A capability with Windows that enables the system to
automatically recognize connections of external devices and make
the necessary configurations in the computer.
port: The electrical connection through which the computer sends and
receives data to and from devices or other computers.
Power Saver: A TOSHIBA utility that lets you set the parameters for
various power-saving functions.
printed circuit board (PCB): A hardware component of a processor to
which integrated circuits and other components are attached. The
board itself is typically flat and rectangular, and constructed of
fiberglass, to form the attachment surface.
program: A set of instructions a computer can execute that enables it to
achieve a desired result. See also application.
prompt: A message the computer provides indicating it is ready for or
requires information or an action from you.
User’s Manual
Glossary-11
M9
R
Radio frequency interference (RFI) shield: A metal shield enclosing the
printed circuit boards of the printer or computer to prevent radio and
TV interference. All computer equipment generates radio frequency
signals. The FCC regulates the amount of signals a computing
device can allow past its shielding. A Class A device is sufficient for
office use. Class B provides a more stringent classification for home
equipment use. TOSHIBA portable computers comply with Class B
computing device regulations.
Random Access Memory (RAM): High speed memory within the
computer circuitry that can be read or written to.
restart: Resetting a computer without turning it off (also called “warm boot”
or “soft reset”). See also boot.
RGB: Red, green, and blue. A device that uses three input signals, each
activating an electron gun for a primary additive color (red, green,
and blue) or port for using such a device. See also CRT.
RJ45: A modular LAN jack.
ROM: Read Only Memory: A nonvolatile memory chip manufactured to
contain information that controls the computer’s basic operation.
You cannot access or change information stored in ROM.
S
SCSI: Small Computer System Interface is an industry standard interface
for connection of a variety of peripheral devices.
SD/SDHC Card: Secure Digital cards are flash memory widely used in a
variety of digital devices such as digital cameras and Personal
Digital Assistants.
serial communications: A communications technique that uses as few as
two interconnecting wires to send bits one after another.
serial interface: Refers to a type of information exchange that transmits
information sequentially, one bit at a time.
SIO: Serial Input/Output. The electronic methodology used in serial data
transmission.
soft key: Key combinations that emulate keys on the IBM keyboard,
change some configuration options, stop program execution, and
access the numeric keypad overlay.
software: The set of programs, procedures and related documentation
associated with a computer system. Specifically refers to computer
programs that direct and control the computer system’s activities.
See also hardware.
stop bit: One or more bits of a byte that follow the transmitted character or
group codes in asynchronous serial communications.
Glossary-12
User’s Manual
M9
subpixel: Three elements, one red, one green and blue (RGB), that make
up a pixel on the color LCD. The computer sets subpixels
independently, each may emit a different degree of brightness.
See also pixel.
synchronous: Having a constant time interval between successive bits,
characters or events.
system disk: A disk that has been formatted with an operating system. For
MS-DOS the operating system is contained in two hidden files and
the COMMAND.COM file. You can boot a computer using a system
disk. Also called an operating system disk.
T
terminal: A typewriter-like keyboard and CRT display screen connected to
the computer for data input/output.
TFT display: A liquid crystal display (LCD) made from an array of liquid
crystal cells using active-matrix technology with thin film transistor
(TFT) to drive each cell.
Touch Pad: A pointing device integrated into the TOSHIBA computer palm
rest.
TTL: Transistor-transistor logic. A logic circuit design that uses switching
transistors for gates and storage.
U
Universal Serial Bus: This serial interface lets you communicate with
several devices connected in a chain to a single port on the
computer.
V
VGA: Video Graphics Array is an industry standard video adaptor that lets
you run any popular software.
volatile memory: Random access memory (RAM) that stores information
as long as power is supplied to the computer.
W
warm start: Restarting or resetting a computer without turning it off.
window: A portion of the screen that can display its own application,
document or dialog box. Often used to mean a Microsoft Windows
window.
Wireless LAN: Local Area Network (LAN) through wireless
communication.
write protection: A method for protecting a floppy diskette from accidental
erasure.
User’s Manual
Glossary-13
M9
Glossary-14
User’s Manual
M9
Index
A
D
AC adaptor, 3-2
additional, 3-36
connecting, 1-4
ASCII characters, 5-7
DC IN indicator, 2-11, 6-3
Display, 3-3
automatic power off, 3-5
brightness down, 5-4
brightness up, 5-4
controller, B-1
hinges, 2-9
opening, 1-6
screen, 2-9
Docking port, 2-7
Documentation list, 1-2
Dual Pointing Device
AccuPoint, 2-10, 4-2
AccuPoint control buttons, 2-10
Touch Pad, 2-9, 4-1, 8-12
Touch Pad control buttons, 2-10, 4-1
using, 4-1
DVD Super Multi drive
problems, 8-9
using, 4-12
writing, 4-16
B
Battery
charging, 6-5
extending life, 6-7
indicator, 2-12, 6-2
monitoring capacity, 6-6
real time clock, 3-2, 6-4
save mode, 3-6
types, 6-3
Battery pack, 2-8, 3-2
additional, 6-1
replacing, 6-8
BIOS Setup, 7-7
Bluetooth, 3-4, 4-31
Bluetooth Stack for Windows by
Toshiba, 3-9
problems, 8-19
Boot Priority, 7-2
C
Cleaning the computer, 4-35
Cooling vents, 2-3
E
Equipment checklist, 1-1
External monitor, 2-6, 3-30
problems, 8-17
F
Fingerprint Sensor
location, 2-9
problems, 8-14
using, 4-3
User’s Manual
Index-1
M9
Floppy diskette care, 4-23
Fn + 1 (TOSHIBA Zooming Utility reduce),
5-5
Fn + 2 (TOSHIBA Zooming Utility enlarge),
5-5
Fn + Enter, 5-3
Fn + Esc (Mute), 5-3
Fn + F1 (Lock), 5-3
Fn + F10 (Arrow mode), 5-3
Fn + F11 (Numeric mode), 5-3
Fn + F12 (ScrLock), 5-3
Fn + F2 (Power Plan), 5-3
Fn + F3 (Sleep), 5-4
Fn + F4 (Hibernate), 5-4
Fn + F5 (Output), 5-4
Fn + F6 (Brightness Down), 5-4
Fn + F7 (Brightness Up), 5-4
Fn + F8 (Wireless), 5-4
Fn + F9 (Touch Pad), 5-4
Fn + space (Zoom), 5-4
Fn + Tab (ODD), 5-5
Function keys, 5-2
G
Graphics controller, 3-3
H
Hard disk drive, 3-3
automatic power off, 3-5
Installing, 3-27
Removing, 3-26
Hard Disk Drive indicator, 2-12
HDD Protection, 4-36
Heat dispersal, 3-6, 4-38
Hibernation Mode, 3-7
Hot keys, 3-5
Brightness Down, 5-4
Brightness Up, 5-4
Hibernate, 5-4
Lock, 5-3
Mute, 5-3
ODD, 5-5
Output, 5-4
Power Plan, 5-3
Sleep, 5-4
Index-2
TOSHIBA Zooming Utility (enlarge),
5-5
TOSHIBA Zooming Utility (reduce),
5-5
Touch Pad, 5-4
Wireless, 5-4
Zoom, 5-4
HW Setup
accessing, 7-1
Boot priority, 7-2
CPU, 7-5
device config, 7-6
display, 7-2
general, 7-1
keyboard, 7-5
LAN, 7-5
USB, 7-7
window, 7-1
I
i.LINK, 2-2
connecting, 3-33
disconnecting, 3-33
precautions, 3-32
problems, 8-18
Indicators, 2-11
K
Keyboard, 5-1
emulating enhanced keyboard, 5-2
Fn Sticky key, 5-5
Function keys F1...F12, 5-2
Hot keys, 5-3
problems, 8-7
typewriter keys, 5-1
Windows special keys, 5-5
Keypad overlay, 3-6
Arrow mode, 5-6
Numeric mode, 5-6
temporarily using normal keyboard
(overlay on), 5-7
temporarily using overlay (overlay off),
5-7
turning on the overlays, 5-6
User’s Manual
M9
L
LAN, 3-4, 4-33
active indicator, 2-5
cable types, 4-33
connecting, 4-34
disconnecting, 4-34
jack, 2-5
Link indicator, 2-5
problems, 8-19
M
Media care, 4-22
Card care, 3-16
CD/DVDs, 4-22
Floppy diskettes, 4-23
Memory card care, 3-16
Memory, 3-2
additional, 3-36
installing, 3-18, 3-23
problems, 8-15
removing, 3-22, 3-24
Modem, 3-4
connecting, 4-28
disconnecting, 4-29
jack, 2-3
problems, 8-18
properties menu, 4-27
region selection, 4-26
Moving the computer, 4-35
P
Password
power on, 3-6
problems, 8-7
Starting the computer by, 6-12
Supervisor, 6-12
user, 6-10
PC Card, 3-12
inserting, 3-12
problems, 8-11
removing, 3-13
Pointing Device
Touch Pad location, 2-9
User’s Manual
Power
conditions, 6-1
Hibernation Mode, 1-10
indicators, 6-2
panel on/off, 3-6, 6-13
Shut Down mode (Boot Mode), 1-7
Sleep Mode, 1-8
System Auto Off, 6-13
turning off, 1-7
turning on, 1-7
Problems
AC power, 8-5
Additional memory module, 8-15
Analyzing the problem, 8-2
Battery, 8-6
Bluetooth, 8-19
Dual Pointing device, 8-12
DVD Super Multi drive, 8-9
External monitor, 8-17
Fingerprint Sensor, 8-14
Hard disk drive, 8-8
Hardware and system checklist, 8-3
i.LINK (IEEE1394) device, 8-18
Internal display panel, 8-8
Keyboard, 8-7
LAN, 8-19
Modem, 8-18
Overheating power down, 8-5
Password, 8-7
PC Card, 8-11
Power, 8-4
Real Time Clock, 8-7
SD Card, 8-11
Self test, 8-4
Sound system, 8-16
System start-up, 8-4
TOSHIBA support, 8-21
Touch Pad, 8-12
USB device, 8-15
USB floppy diskette drive, 8-10
USB mouse, 8-13
Wireless LAN, 8-19
Processor, 3-1
Index-3
M9
R
U
Restarting the computer, 1-11
Ultra Slim Bay, 2-5
changing modules, 4-10
HDD Adaptor, 3-29
location of slot, 2-5
options, 3-37
USB device
problems, 8-15
USB FDD Kit, 3-31
USB floppy diskette drive
problems, 8-10
S
SD Card, 3-14
formatting, 3-16
indicator, 2-11
inserting, 3-14
problems, 8-11
removing, 3-15
SD memory card, 3-15
Security lock, 3-35
location, 2-3
Serial port, 3-34
Sleep Mode
setting, 1-8
System automatic, 3-6
Soft keys
enhanced keyboard, 5-2
Enter, 5-3
ScrLock, 5-3
Sound system
headphone jack, 2-2
microphone, 2-2
microphone jack, 2-2
problems, 8-16
Stereo speakers, 2-10
volume control dial, 2-2
V
Video RAM, 3-2
Volume control dial, 2-2
W
Windows Mobility Center, 3-11
Wireless communication, 4-29
indicator, 2-12, 4-32
Wireless communication switch, 2-1, 4-32
Wireless LAN, 3-4, 4-30
problems, 8-19
T
TOSHIBA Assist, 3-10
TOSHIBA Assist button, 3-5
TOSHIBA ConfigFree, 3-10
TOSHIBA Disc Creator, 3-10, 4-20
TOSHIBA DVD-RAM Utility, 3-11
TOSHIBA Express Port Replicator, 3-36
TOSHIBA HDD Protection, 3-7
TOSHIBA Mic Effect, 3-10
TOSHIBA PC Diagnostic Tool, 3-8
TOSHIBA Presentation button, 3-5
TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility, 3-10
TOSHIBA SD Memory Card Format, 3-10
TOSHIBA Theft Registration, G-2
TOSHIBA Value Added Package, 3-7
TOSHIBA Zooming Utility, 3-7
Index-4
User’s Manual
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement