Administrator`s Manual for LISTSERV Maestro 3.3 - L

Administrator`s Manual for LISTSERV Maestro 3.3 - L
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Companies, names, and data
used in examples herein are fictitious unless otherwise noted. L-Soft does not endorse or approve
the use of any of the product names or trademarks appearing in this document.
Permission is granted to copy this document, at no charge and in its entirety, if the copies are not
used for commercial advantage, the source is cited, and the present copyright notice is included
in all copies. Recipients of such copies are equally bound to abide by the present conditions. Prior
written permission is required for any commercial use of this document, in whole or in part, and
for any partial reproduction of the contents of this document exceeding 50 lines of up to 80
characters, or equivalent. The title page, table of contents, and index, if any, are not considered
to be part of the document for the purposes of this copyright notice, and can be freely removed if
present.
Copyright  2008 L-Soft Sweden AB
All Rights Reserved Worldwide.
LISTSERV is a registered trademark licensed to L-Soft Sweden AB and L-Soft international, Inc.
ListPlex, CataList, and EASE are service marks of L-Soft international, Inc.
The Open Group, Motif, OSF/1 UNIX and the “X” device are registered trademarks of The Open
Group in the United State and other countries.
Digital, Alpha AXP, AXP, Digital UNIX, OpenVMS, HP, and HP-UX are trademarks of HewlettPackard Company in the United States and other countries.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries.
Sun, Solaris, SunOS, and PMDF are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems,
Inc. in the United States and other countries.
IRIX is a registered trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
All other trademarks, both marked and not marked, are the property of their respective owners.
This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://
www.apache.org/).
Some portions licensed from IBM are available at http://oss.software.ibm.com/icu4j/
This product includes code licensed from RSA Security, Inc.
Manuals are available in PDF format from ftp.lsoft.com. They are also available on the World
Wide Web at the following URL:
URL: http://www.lsoft.com/manuals/index.html
L-Soft invites comment on its manual. Please feel free to send your comments
by email to [email protected]
Last Updated: December 8, 2008
Table of Contents
........................................................
Understanding LISTSERV Maestro
Preface - About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
What’s New in LISTSERV® Maestro 3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi
Defining Separate SMTP Workers for Standard and Test Deliveries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi
Querying the Build Number of the List Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi
Section 1 Introduction to Maestro Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Maestro User Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.2 Remote Administration Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2.1 Remote Log Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2.2 Remote Version Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.3 Client System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.4 Accessing the Hub Administrator Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.5 Understanding the Hub Administrator Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Section 2 Configuring LISTSERV Maestro for First Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Section 3 Changing the Administrator Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Section 4 LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.1 Preparing LISTSERV for LISTSERV Maestro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.1.1 Preparing LISTSERV to Process DISTRIBUTE Jobs from LISTSERV Maestro . . . . . 15
4.1.2 Preparing LISTSERV to Allow Maestro Hosted LISTSERV Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.1.3 Preparing LISTSERV for Database Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.2 Preparing LISTSERV Maestro to Send DISTRIBUTE Jobs to LISTSERV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.2.1 Specifying the LISTSERV Host with Different Internal and External Names . . . . . . . . 24
4.2.2 Specifying a Separate LISTSERV Instance for Processing Bounces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.3 Using Existing Lists with LISTSERV Maestro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.1 Application Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.2 Application Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
5.3 Setting the Default Tracking URL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
5.3.1 Multiple Tracking URLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
5.4 Automatically Logging into the Maestro User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Section 6 Administrative Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
6.1 Configuring Backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
6.2 Runtime Administration and System Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
6.3 User Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
6.4 Administrative Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
6.4.1 Testing Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-i-
Table of Contents
6.5 Refreshing the Subscriber Page Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Working with Accounts and Identities
Section 7 Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
7.1 Creating a New User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
7.2 Creating a New Identity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
7.3 Managing User Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
7.4 Editing Account Information and Assigning Single User Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
7.4.1 Editing General User Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
7.4.2 Editing Component Specific Settings for Single and Group Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
7.5 Deleting a User Account, Identity, or Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Section 8 Special Administrative User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
8.1 The Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
8.2 The Dashboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
8.3 Sorting and Filtering Jobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
8.4 Archiving Delivered/Completed Jobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
8.4.1 Auto-Archiving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
8.5 Importing Archived Jobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
8.6 Changing Job and Report Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
8.7 Changing Sender Profile and Drop-In Content Element Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
8.8 Changing Target Group Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
8.9 Changing Ownership of Recipient Datasets and Lookup Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Working with Databases
Section 9 Defining External Database Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
9.1 Available Database Plugins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
9.1.1 The IBM DB2 V8.2 Thin Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
9.1.2 The IBM DB2 V7.2 Native Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
9.1.3 The MySQL ConnectorJ Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
9.1.4 The MySQL L-Soft Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
9.1.5 The Oracle 8i, 9i, and 10g Thin Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
9.1.6 The SQL Server jTDS Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
9.1.7 The SQL Server Microsoft Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
9.1.8 The SQL Server i-net SPRINTA Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
9.1.9 The ODBC Driver Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
9.2 Registering a Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Section 10 The System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
10.1 Configuring the External System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
10.2 Preparing the System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
10.2.1 General System Database Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
10.2.2 Preparing SQL Server as the System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
10.2.3 Preparing Oracle as the System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
10.2.4 Preparing DB2 as the System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
10.2.5 Preparing MySQL as the System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
10.3 General Optimization Hints for the System Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
10.4 Removing and Adding the Internal Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- ii -
Table of Contents
Section 11 Saving and Restoring a Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
11.1 Configuring the Backup Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
11.2 Configuring External Post-Backup Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
11.3 Configuring the Backup Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
11.4 Configuring the Backup History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
11.5 Saving a Backup to an External Medium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
11.6 Identifying the Backup: The Backup ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
11.7 Restoring a Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Section 12 Using a Test-Bed Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
12.1 Creating a Test-Bed Backup on the Original System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
12.2 Restoring a Test-Bed Backup into the Test System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Section 13 Maestro Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
13.1 Remote Log Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
13.2 Subscriber Activity Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Advanced Features
Section 14 Using Non-Standard Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
14.1 Ports Used by LISTSERV Maestro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
14.1.1 Ports used by the Administration Hub . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
14.1.2 Ports used by the Maestro User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
14.1.3 Ports used by Maestro Tracker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
14.2 Configuring Port Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
14.2.1 Configuring the HTTP Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
14.2.2 Configuring the Internal Communication Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
14.2.3 Configuring the Tracker Communications Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
14.2.4 Configuring the Internal Database Connection Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
14.2.5 Configuring the Application Server Shutdown Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Section 15 Defining IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Section 16 Installing Behind a Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Section 17 Restricting Access to Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
17.1 IP Address Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
17.2 Disallowing Concurrent Access with the Same User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
17.3 Securing Access Against Dictionary Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
17.3.1 Securing the Administration Hub . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
17.3.2 Securing the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Section 18 Securing Access with SSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
18.1 Introduction to Secure Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
18.2 Which Components Should Be Secured? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
18.3 Obtaining and Installing a Server Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
18.3.1 Securing the Trusted Root Certificate Keystore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
18.3.2 Creating an Unsigned Server Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
18.3.3 Performing a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
18.3.4 Installing the Signed Server Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- iii -
Table of Contents
18.3.5 Installing a Trusted Root Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
18.3.6 Making LISTSERV Maestro Aware of the Server Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
18.3.7 Securing a Server with Multiple Host Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Section 19 Tracking and Recipient Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Section 20 Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
20.1 Maestro User Interface INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
20.2 Administration Hub INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
20.3 Maestro Tracker INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
20.4 Tomcat INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
20.4.1 Basic Tomcat Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
20.4.2 Advanced Tomcat Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Section 21 Authenticating Message Origin with DomainKeys Signatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Section 22 LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
22.1 Defining the LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro Interface Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
22.2 Enabling Single Sign-On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
22.3 Linking the Membership Area and the Subscriber’s Corner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Section 23 Distributed Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
23.1 Fresh Installation with Distributed Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
23.2 Moving Components to another Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
23.2.1 Moving the Maestro User Interface Component to Another Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
23.2.2 Moving the Administration Hub Component to Another Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
23.2.3 Moving the Maestro Tracker Component to Another Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
23.2.4 Moving the Database External Component to Another Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
23.3 Server Name Aliases and Proxies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
23.3.1 Configuring LISTSERV Maestro Components with Server Name Aliases or Proxies 197
Section 24 LISTSERV Maestro in Evaluation Mode
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
Section 25 Adding Content to the Tomcat Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
25.1 Adding Content as a New Context
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
25.2 Defining the Default Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
25.3 Enabling Access Logging for Added Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
25.3.1 Enabling Access Logging for WA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
25.3.2 Enabling Access Logging for Custom Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
25.4 Serving Multiple LISTSERV Nodes on a Single Server
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Section 26 Adding the LISTSERV Web Interface to the Tomcat Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Section 27 Using International Character Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
27.1 Defining the Default Mail Charset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
27.2 Allowing or Disallowing Bi-Directional Character Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Section 28 LISTSERV Maestro Standard Default Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Section 29 Updating Maestro’s HTML Upload Applet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
29.1 Sun Java-Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
29.2 Microsoft Java Virtual Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- iv -
Table of Contents
Glossary and Index
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-v-
Table of Contents
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- vi -
List of Figures
........................................................
Administration Hub Home Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Global Component Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Flow Chart of the Administration Hub . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Change Administrator Password Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
The Database Server Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Using A Different External Host Name For LISTSERV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Global Component Settings for Maestro User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
General Administration of the Maestro User Interface - General Settings . . . . . . . . . . . 28
General Administration of the Maestro User Interface - Advanced Security Options . . . 28
General Administration of the Maestro User Interface - Runtime Administration . . . . . . 29
Database Plugins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
System Database Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
LISTSERV Web Interface Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Default LISTSERV Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Default LISTSERV Connection - Hosted LISTSERV Lists Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Default LISTSERV Connection - Automatic Bounce Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Default Tracking URL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Default Size Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Default Content Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Default Recipients Restrictions - Recipients Type Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Default Recipients Restrictions - Recipients Upload Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Default Tracking Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Default Hosted Data Settings - General Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Default Hosted Data Settings - Hosted List Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Default DomainKeys Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Default Auto-Archive Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Administrative Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Administer User Accounts and Identities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Defining User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Defining Identity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
User Rights Management Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Editing Account Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Single and Group User Settings Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Group Settings Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
User Right Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Tracking URL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Size Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Job ID Prefix Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Content Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Drop-In Content Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Recipients Restrictions - Type Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-v-
List of Figures
Recipients Restrictions - Upload Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Tracking Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Hosted Data Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
DomainKeys Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Auto-Archive Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Deleting a User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Deleting a Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
The Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Special Administrative User Account - Dashboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
The Hide/Show Dashboard Sections screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Archiving a Job from the Completed Jobs Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Importing a Job from the Archived Jobs Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Change Job Owner from Job Owner Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Change Report Owner Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Change Sender Profile Owner Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Change Target Group Owner Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Change Ownership of a Target Group Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Change Ownership of an Individual Target Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Change Ownership of a Recipient Dataset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Recipient Datasets Administration Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
The Hosted List Administration Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
JDBC Driver Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
ODBC Plugin Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Adding a Database Plugin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
System Database Connection Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
System Database Connection Details Screen for DB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
The General Component Settings for Administration Hub Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Component Communication Pathways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Multiple Logins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Example of Base64 Encoded Outfile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Imported Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Example of Recipients Profile Data Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Example of Recipients ID in Data Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
LISTSERV Web Interface Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Editing an Existing Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
LISTSERV Web Interface Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Creating a New Account Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Sample Proxy Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- vi -
List of Tables
........................................................
Navigational Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Restrictions for Hosted LISTSERV List Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Backup History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Maestro User Interface INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Administration Hub INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Maestro Tracker INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Basic Configuration for Tomcat INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Advanced Configuration for Tomcat INI-File Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Supported Charsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- vii -
List of Tables
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- viii -
Preface - About This Manual
........................................................
Every effort has been made to ensure that this document is an accurate representation
of the functionality of LISTSERV® Maestro. As with every software application,
development continues after the documentation has gone to press so small
inconsistencies may occur. We would appreciate any feedback on this manual. Send
comments via email to: [email protected]
The following documentation conventions have been used in this manual:
•
Menus, options, icons, fields, and text boxes on the screen will be bold
(e.g. the Administer User Accounts icon).
•
Clickable buttons will be bold and within brackets (e.g. the [OK] button).
•
Clickable links will be bold and underlined (e.g. the Edit link).
•
Directory names, commands, and examples of editing program files will appear in
Courier New font.
•
Emphasized words or phrases will be underlined.
•
Some screen captures have been cropped for emphasis or descriptive purposes.
•
Unless otherwise specified, directory paths are for Microsoft Windows installations
of LISTSERV Maestro. For Linux or Solaris, substitute the Maestro top-level
directory for \Program Files\L-Soft\Application Server.
•
This symbol denotes an important note or warning.
•
This symbol denotes optional advice that can help you save time.
•
This symbol denotes a new feature for LISTSERV Maestro 3.3.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- ix -
Preface - About This Manual
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-x-
What’s New in LISTSERV® Maestro 3.3
........................................................
This section highlights the new features for the System Administrator in LISTSERV®
Maestro 3.3.
New INI-File Entries
There are new INI-file entries for the Maestro User Interface and Tomcat components.
For details, see Section 20.1 Maestro User Interface INI-File Entries and Section 20.4
Tomcat INI-File Entries.
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
There are several new features that pertain to Tomcat Server. These features include the
ability of Tomcat to serve the WAs of several LISTSERVs (ListPlex nodes) on the same
server, the ability to use “virtual hosting” when adding user-defined content served by
Tomcat, and the ability to restrict the login of a user to the User Interface based on the
host name the user uses in the access-URL. For details on these features, see Section
25 Adding Content to the Tomcat Server.
Defining Separate SMTP Workers for Standard and Test Deliveries
You now have the ability to define separate SMTP workers (worker pool letters) for
standard and test deliveries. For details, see Section 5.2 Application Default Settings.
Querying the Build Number of the List Context
Previously, the current version and build number of the LISTSERV Maestro components
(LUI, HUB, TRK) could be queried remotely. Now, in addition to these components, you
can also query the build number of the list context. For details, see Section 1.2.2 Remote
Version Query.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- xi -
What’s New in LISTSERV® Maestro 3.3
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- xii -
Section 1 Introduction to Maestro Administration
........................................................
esigned specifically to work with LISTSERV® 15.5, LISTSERV Maestro 3.3
allows users to easily create and send personalized email messages using a
web interface. Incorporated into this powerful tool is a tracking component that
can collect data every time a recipient opens an email message or clicks on a URL
contained within the message.
D
The LISTSERV Maestro program is comprised of three components that work together:
•
The Administration Hub – Controls all user and program settings. It is the central
component that stores registry and account information. It is accessed both by the
Maestro User Interface and by Maestro Tracker to validate login information. It has
its own administrator user interface.
•
The Maestro User Interface – The actual user interface. Individuals and groups
use it to create and distribute customized email messages. It is also used to access,
view, and download the collected tracking data, and to maintain the recipient
repository (datasets and lists).
•
The Maestro Tracker – Receives and compiles tracking data from delivered email
messages.
In addition to LISTSERV Maestro’s three components, LISTSERV Maestro 3.3 also relies
on the existence of an installation of LISTSERV 15.5. LISTSERV receives email jobs
from LISTSERV Maestro and prepares them for delivery. It is also used to process
bounced mail. In certain cases, LISTSERV may also act as an interface between
LISTSERV Maestro and an external DBMS. In addition, if both applications are
configured correctly, you can switch between the two with a single sign-on, meaning you
won’t have to logout of one and then login to the other.
By default, LISTSERV Maestro 3.3 comes installed with MySQL® 4.1.7 as the internal
system database. Use of this internal system database is optional. It is possible to decide
during installation not to install the internal MySQL database, in which case some
external database must be installed instead. It is also possible to install the internal
database during the initial setup, and then switch to some external database later.
Please see http://www.mysql.com for details about MySQL 4.1.7 and its features to
determine if it meets your organization’s requirements and expectations for a production
database. Reviewing the features will help to decide if the internal database should be
used or if a different external system database should be installed.
LISTSERV Maestro can use the external database to store its own system data as well
as to select recipient lists from database tables and drop-in content elements. LISTSERV
Maestro can connect to several databases in this way. Supported databases are:
•
Oracle® 8i, Oracle® 9i, Oracle® 10g, and compatible versions
•
DB2® V7.2, V8.2, and compatible versions
•
MySQL® 4.x and compatible versions, as well as 3.23.42 and later 3.23x builds
•
SQL® Server 7.0 and 2000
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-1-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro also require access to one or more SMTP servers to
perform the actual delivery of email jobs for LISTSERV Maestro and LISTSERV. Any
standards-compliant SMTP server will work.
The three LISTSERV Maestro components, LISTSERV, the SMTP server(s), and the
optional external database may be installed on any combination of hosts, from one single
host shared by all components to six or more dedicated hosts, one for each component
(it is possible to have multiple LISTSERV servers and multiple SMTP servers). If different
components are installed on separate servers, it is not necessary that all of the servers
have the same operating system. It is possible to install the Maestro User Interface and
Administration Hub components on a Windows server and at the same time the Maestro
Tracker component on a Linux server (or other combinations). For more information on
host restrictions, installing LISTSERV Maestro, and starting and stopping the LISTSERV
Maestro service, see the LISTSERV Maestro Installation Manual.
1.1 Maestro User Roles
It is important to understand the different roles involved in administering and using the
various components of a LISTSERV Maestro system. In a small organization, the same
person may play many of these roles. In larger organizations, the following duties will
likely be distributed among several different people:
•
System Administrator – Responsible for the installation and initial configuration of
the LISTSERV Maestro applications. The system administrator must have
Administrator or root access to the computer(s) on which LISTSERV Maestro
applications will reside.
•
LISTSERV Maestro Administrator – Responsible for administration of LISTSERV
Maestro through the HUB component and the “admin” account in the Maestro User
Interface. The LISTSERV Maestro Administrator acts as the “master account” for all
LISTSERV Maestro users.
•
Data Warehouse Administrator – Responsible for administering recipient data
within LISTSERV Maestro. See the “LISTSERV Maestro Data Administrator’s
Manual” for details.
•
LISTSERV Site Administrator – Responsible for the configuration and
administration of LISTSERV (including configuring LISTSERV for database access,
adding LISTSERV “postmaster” accounts, and so on). See the “LISTSERV Site
Manager’s Manual” for details.
•
Database Administrator – Responsible for the initial installation of the external
database(s). Also responsible for monitoring available space in the database(s),
database performance tuning, routine database backups, and other routine
database maintenance tasks.
•
Maestro User – Responsible for creating, sending and tracking email jobs through
LISTSERV Maestro. There are many different user responsibilities, which may fall to
different users. See the “LISTSERV Maestro User Guide” for details.
•
SMTP Server Administrator – Responsible for the administration of the SMTP
email delivery engine.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-2-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
For many organizations, it may be desirable to have some overlap among the various
roles. For instance, the Data Warehouse Administrator may also be a regular Maestro
User, or the System Administrator and LISTSERV Administrator may be the same
person. In other cases, there may be clear distinctions between some of the
responsibilities (e.g., it may not be desirable for a Maestro User to also have System
Administrator access to the computer running LISTSERV Maestro).
Tip: It is usually a good idea to understand and assign the various user roles to groups
and individuals within your organization before even installing LISTSERV Maestro.
This may save considerable time and confusion.
1.2 Remote Administration Access
The administrator can access log files or query the current version remotely.
1.2.1 Remote Log Access
The three main LISTSERV Maestro components all write their own log files. These files
can be found in the “logs” subfolder of each component’s home folder inside of the
installation folder.
However, in some situations the administrator does not have access to these folders, but
still wants to access the log files.
To solve this, LISTSERV Maestro offers remote log file access. The remote access
allows an administrator to download the log files from the server, directly in the webbrowser.
Before you can access the log files of a component, you first have to configure the
component for remote log access. To do so, edit the INI-file of the component and add
the following entry:
RemoteAdminPassword=PASSWORD
where you replace “PASSWORD” with a password only known to authorized administrators
(although, for security reasons, you should not use your normal admin password from the
Administration Hub).
Note: Since the password will later be used as a parameter in a URL, you should only
use URL-safe characters in the password (e.g. you are on the safe side if you only
use alphanumeric characters).
Remember that you have to add this entry to each component’s INI file, e.g. to lui.ini,
hub.ini, and tracker.ini. If you do not add the entry to one of the INI files, then you will not
be able to access the log files of that component (but you will still be able to access logs
of the other components where you have added the entry).
To disable remote log access, remove the entry from the INI file(s) or comment it out.
Whenever you add, change, remove or out-comment this entry, the change will be
effective immediately, e.g. you do not have to restart the component!
Once you have configured the component(s) for remote log access, you can access their
log files from any web-browser on any computer that has HTTP access to the component
in question. You only need to know the “PASSWORD” you configured in the INI file(s) and
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-3-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
the day of the log file you want to access (for normal log files) or the backup-ID (for
backup log files):
•
To view a Maestro User Interface log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/lui/downloadLog
•
To view a Administration Hub log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/hub/downloadLog
•
To view a Maestro Tracker log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/trk/downloadLog
•
To view a Backup log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/hub/downloadLog
where you replace:
“HOST” with the host name of the server running the component you want to access.
“PORT” with the HTTP-port on that server (“PORT” can be left out if the HTTP-port is “80”),
On the page that is displayed, enter the remote admin password that you have configured
in the INI-file (see above) into the Password field and click [Apply].
If you enter only the password, then the displayed log file will be the one of the current
day. If you want to see a log file of a different day, enter the date of the day you want to
view into the first Date field (leave the second Date field empty). If you want to see the
log files of a range of days all at once, enter the date of the first day in the first Date field
and the date of the last day in the second Date field. (For all date input, use the format
“YYYYMMDD”, where “YYYY” is the year with 4 digits, “MM” is the month with 2 digits
and “DD” is the day of the month with 2 digits.) Each time you change a date setting, click
[Apply] to make it effective.
You can also enter a text into the Search String field (and click [Apply]). This will have
the effect, that all occurrences of this string in the log file will be highlighted and all log
entries which do not contain the search string will be initially hidden so that you can
concentrate on the log entries that contain the search string. The hidden areas are
marked with a little “+” symbol at the left margin. Click the “+” to unfold a hidden part and
make it visible again. The left margin will then show a ruler with “-“ symbols at the top and
the bottom of the unfolded area. Click on the ruler or the “-“ symbols to hide the area
again.
Note: If you need to provide the log file to a 3rd party (for example, to L-Soft support),
then you can use the Save as plain text link at the bottom right of the page to
download and save the backup file in its plain text format. Please supply this plain
text log file to L-Soft support if necessary (i.e. please do not simply do a copy & paste
from the browser and do also not a “Save As…” of the log-viewing page, as this
would also mean that all the additional HTML data used for formatting the log-view
would be included).
If you access the log file of the Administration Hub component, then the page also has
an additional Backup ID field. You can use this field to access one of the backup logs of
the HUB: Enter the backup-ID of the backup for which you want to view the log and make
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-4-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
sure that the two Date fields are empty (as long as the Date fields contain a value, the
Backup ID is ignored and the standard log is retrieved). Then click [Apply].
Initially, the page displays the backup log with all the backup details hidden and only the
general information visible. As explained above, the hidden parts are marked with a little
“+” symbol at the left margin and can be unfolded for viewing. Once unfolded, they can
also be hidden again.
The backup-ID is a sequence of digits and letters and is unique for each backup. You can
find the information about which ID a given backup has by looking at the normal HUB log
file: At the backup start-time you will find an entry like “BackupMaster starts backup
(Backup ID: xxxxxx)” where “xxxxxx” is the backup-ID that you need to enter in the above
Backup ID field.
1.2.2 Remote Version Query
The current version and build number of all components can be queried remotely. This
is done with a simple HTTP-request - a URL typed into the address field of any browser.
The result of the query will be displayed in the browser. This query can also be used to
verify that a fresh installation is operational.
•
To query LUI: http://LUISERVER/lui/build
•
To query HUB: http://HUBSERVER/hub/build
•
To query TRK: http://TRKSERVER/trk/build
•
To query LUI’s list context: http://LUISERVER/list/build
Substitute the name of the Maestro User Interface server, Administrative Hub server, or
Maestro Tracker server for LUISERVER, HUBSERVER, and TRKSERVER (respectively).
1.3 Client System Requirements
Depending on the operating system of the client used for access, the following browsers
are supported when accessing the Maestro User Interface or Administration Hub:
•
Client with Windows – Microsoft® Internet Explorer 5.5 or later, Mozilla® 1.0.0 or
later, other browsers based on a compatible Mozilla version (e.g., Firefox 1.0 or
later, Netscape® 7.0 or later).
•
Client with Linux – Mozilla® 1.0.0 or later, other browsers based on a compatible
Mozilla version (e.g., Firefox 1.0 or later, Netscape® 7.0 or later).
•
Client with Mac OS X – Mozilla Firefox or the Mac native Safari browser (version
2.0, build 412 or later).
To access the Maestro User Interface or the Administration Hub, we strongly recommend
that only Windows, Linux, or Mac OS X is used with the browsers and browser versions
listed. Other operating systems, browsers, or browser versions are not supported.
The client does not necessarily have to have the same operating system as the
LISTSERV Maestro server. A Linux client can be used to access LISTSERV Maestro on
a Windows server and vice versa. Similarly, the different components of LISTSERV
Maestro may run on different operating systems, if they are installed on separate servers.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-5-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
For example, the Maestro User Interface and Administration Hub components may be
installed on a Windows server, while the Maestro Tracker is installed on a Linux server.
Important: Recipients of email being tracked by LISTSERV Maestro may use whatever
browser they wish to access the URLs contained in the messages sent by
LISTSERV Maestro. Tracking occurs no matter which browser is used by email
recipients.
1.4 Accessing the Hub Administrator Interface
Once the program has been installed, set a compatible browser to:
http://Your_LISTSERV_Host/hub.
Enter a password to log in and access the program. The default administrator password
after a fresh installation is “admin”.
Tip: In a Windows installation, a shortcut for this address will appear in the Windows Start
Menu under Programs > L-Soft Application Server.
1.5 Understanding the Hub Administrator Interface
Administering LISTSERV Maestro involves many different tasks and interaction with
more than just the Administration Hub (HUB). Administrators will have to understand how
LISTSERV Maestro is situated within the institution’s infrastructure. This understanding
is critical for making decisions about settings for all the application’s components to
ensure consistency and compatibility with new or existing systems. Consequently, this
manual is organized around those different tasks an administrator needs to perform in
order to set up, monitor, backup, and change an installation of LISTSERV Maestro. It also
serves as a reference for advanced systems configuration, touching on the HUB
interface screens as they fit in to each task.
This section of the manual contains a brief overview of the HUB interface. Navigation and
functional icons are outlined. References to other sections of the manual containing
greater detail and step-by-step procedures are provided.
The opening screen of LISTSERV Maestro’s Administrator interface contains various
sets of functional and navigational icons. At the top right corner of the screen there are
two small icons, Log Out and Help. There are additional navigational icons on other
pages within the application.
Table 1-1 Navigational Icons
Home – Brings the user back to the first screen, the LISTSERV Maestro HUB
home page.
Log out – Ends the LISTSERV Maestro session and closes the account.
Up One Level – Brings the user up one level in the program, not necessarily
back to the previous page.
Help – Provides access to page specific online help.
The center of the screen contains large icons that represent the major functions of the
Administration Hub. These icons are also repeated along the left side of most screens
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-6-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
within the program allowing for easy access from other parts of the administration
interface.
Figure 1-1 Administration Hub Home Page
Administer User Accounts – Leads to the section that allows the administrator to add
new user accounts, identities, and groups, change user, identity, and group settings, and
delete users, identities, and groups. User and group administration is documented in
Section 7 Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities.
Change Administrator Password – Leads to the section of the application that allows
the password used to log into the HUB and the special administrative user account to be
changed. Changing the password is documented in Section 3 Changing the
Administrator Password. The special administrative user account is documented in
Section 8 Special Administrative User Account.
Global Components Settings – Leads to the sections of the application that control the
settings for each of the three components, the Administration Hub (HUB), the Maestro
User Interface (LUI), and the Maestro Tracker (TRK).
Global component settings control the three components of LISTERV Maestro. Clicking
on the Global Component Settings icon from the Home page opens a screen that is
split into three main areas.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-7-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
Figure 1-2 Global Component Settings
Administration Hub – Contains the settings for management of the HUB component.
•
Configure backup parameters for the HUB component, including:
Setting the time for the daily backup.
Naming the backup folder.
Configuring any external processes to be run after backup.
Backup procedures are documented in Section 11 Saving and Restoring a Backup.
•
Configure Administrative Email Notifications:
Send or do not send email notification in the event of a system problem.
Send or do not send email notification for each system startup.
Assign an SMTP Host, SMTP Port, and sender address for notification email
messages.
Assign email addresses to receive notifications.
Administrative Email Notifications are discussed in Section 6.4 Administrative Email
Notifications.
Maestro User Interface – Contains the settings for management of the LUI component.
Settings entered here become the default settings for the system. Default settings can be
overridden at the group and user levels. For more information on group and user levels,
see Section 7 Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities.
•
Configure General Settings for the LUI component, including:
Naming the backup folder. Backup procedures are documented in Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
Setting the event transfer interval from Maestro Tracker.
Naming the job archive folder.
Configuring Runtime Administration for restricting multiple logins, disabling sending,
and locking the user interface. These settings are documented in Section 6.2
Runtime Administration and System Shutdown.
•
Register Database Plugins:
Adding a database plugin. Registering a database plugins is described in Section
9.2 Registering a Database Plugin.
Deleting an existing plugin.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-8-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
•
Configure the System Database Connection, including:
Setting the maximum number of buffered connections.
Defining the system database as described in Section 10 The System Database.
•
Configure LISTSERV Web Interface Account Mappings:
Map a LISTSERV Maestro account to a LISTSERV account to easily switch
between the two applications with a single login. These settings are described in
Section 22 LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration.
•
Define Default LISTSERV Connection:
Setting the LISTSERV Host.
Setting the LISTSERV TCPGUI Port.
Entering the Client Address.
Entering the Client Password.
Setting the client address and password for Hosted LISTSERV Lists.
Enabling or disabling list archives for Hosted LISTSERV Lists.
Setting the folder location for list archives.
Viewing the database server name for Hosted LISTSERV Lists.
Setting up a dedicated bounce server.
More information on LISTSERV settings is documented in Section 5 Settings for the
Maestro User Interface.
•
Define the Default Tracking URL:
Entering the name of the Tracker Host.
Setting the HTTP Port. The default tracking URL is documented in Section 5.3
Setting the Default Tracking URL.
•
Set Default Size Limits:
Setting the maximum size for a message.
Setting the maximum size for a file upload. For more information on size limits, see
Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface.
•
Define Default Content Restrictions:
Allowing or disallowing the use of AOL Rich Text formatting for the alternative part of
an HTML message. For more information on AOL Rich Text, see Section 5.3.2 AOL
Alternative Text for HTML Messages in the LISTSERV Maestro User's Manual.
Entering folders and/or URLs that the users are permitting to access for drop-in
content elements. For more information on permitted folders and URLs, see Section
5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface or the online help.
•
Define Default Recipients Restrictions:
Enabling, disabling, or hiding standard and advanced recipients types.
Entering folder name(s) that users are permitted to access for uploading "just-intime" recipients lists. For more information, see Section 5 Settings for the Maestro
User Interface.
•
Define Default Tracking Restrictions:
Enabling, disabling, and hiding tracking types.
For more information, see Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
-9-
Section 1
Introduction to Maestro Administration
•
Define Default Hosted Data Settings:
Defining host name for subscriber access pages. Enabling or disabling the creation
of Hosted Recipients Lists and Hosted LISTSERV Lists. For more information, see
Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface.
Maestro Tracker – Contains the settings for management of the TRK component.
•
Configure backup settings:
Setting the name of the backup folder.
Setting the number of previous backups to be kept. Backup procedures are
documented in Section 11 Saving and Restoring a Backup.
•
Configure the Communications Port:
Section 14.1.3 Ports used by Maestro Tracker describes the ports used by Maestro
Tracker.
Figure 1-3 Flow Chart of the Administration Hub
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 10 -
Section 2 Configuring LISTSERV Maestro for First Use
........................................................
A
fter installation, it is necessary to execute a few initial configuration steps in the
Administration Hub before LISTSERV Maestro can be fully used. Access the
Administration Hub as described in Section 1.4 Accessing the Hub Administrator
Interface and log in with the administrator password. Execute at least the following
configuration steps for security and access purposes:
1. Change Administrator Password – For security purposes, change the administrator password to something other than the default “admin” immediately after installation. Do not forget the new password; it is not recoverable. See Section 3 Changing
the Administrator Password for more information.
2. Configure the System Database (Optional) – The Maestro User Interface component of LISTSERV Maestro uses a “system database” to store its working data –
recipient profiles, job ID numbers, tracking information, and so on.
An “internal” database (based on MySQL) is included as part of the application and
may be used as the system database. Using this internal database will allow the
application to run “out-of-the-box”. An optional external database may be configured
in place of the default internal database if desired. Switching the system database
from internal to external and vice versa can be done at a later time, if necessary. For
more information on configuring an external database, see Section 10 The System
Database.
3. Define User Database Connections (Optional) – The Maestro User Interface may
optionally access “user databases” to retrieve information to build recipients lists in
the Recipient wizard or Target Groups wizard, or to create drop-in content elements.
If a user database is going to be used, LISTSERV Maestro must be configured to
access it. The appropriate driver must be installed on the server running the Maestro
User Interface (the LUI component) and the appropriate “plugin” must be registered
in the Administration Hub (the HUB component). For more information on
configuring an external database, see Section 9 Defining External Database
Connections.
4. Set up LISTSERV – See Section 4 LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro for details
on how to set up LISTSERV to work with LISTSERV Maestro.
On Windows, if LISTSERV Maestro was installed using the Express Setup option
from the Setup Suite Installation Kit, then this step can be skipped, unless you want
to make additional configurations (for example, to enable Hosted LISTSERV Lists).
5. Configure the Maestro User Interface (LUI) – Two steps in particular need to be
accomplished. These are also handles automatically by the Express Setup option
on Windows. If you used this option during installation, then you may skip this step,
unless you want to make changes to the default setup.
• Define the default LISTSERV Connection – This connection is used for all
accounts that do not have individual connection parameters configured. If a
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 11 -
Section 2
Configuring LISTSERV Maestro for First Use
single LISTSERV connection is shared among all users, then configure this
connection as the default connection and leave the configuration parameters of
individual users (or groups) empty. Leave the default connection parameters
empty only if connection parameters for all users and groups on the account or
group level will be configured individually. See Section 5 Settings for the
Maestro User Interface for more information on configuring the default
LISTSERV connection.
• Define the tracking URLs – If tracking is to be used, it is necessary to define
the domain name of the tracking server that will be used in the URLs for
tracked links. Leave the default tracking URL parameter empty only if this
parameter will be defined individually for all groups. See Section 5.3 Setting
the Default Tracking URL for information on how to define the default tracking
URLs.
6. Configure Global Component Settings – Establish administrative policies and
procedures and configure global component settings to reflect these. In particular
decide upon:
• Backup procedures – Decide what time to make daily backups, how many
backups to keep, whether any external processes will run before or after a
backup, where the backup(s) will be saved.
• Archival procedures – Decide the circumstances under which old jobs will be
archived. Define the archive folder.
• Taking the system down – When will the system be taken down for
maintenance, how will users be warned, what restrictions will be imposed
before the system is taken down.
• User account restrictions – What, if any, restrictions will be imposed on user
accounts based upon the type(s) of user, size limits of uploads, recipients
types, drop-in content types, and so on.
• Tracker event transfer frequency – Decide how often the tracking
information needs to be refreshed. This depends on how current the tracking
reports need to be. The default time period is 10 minutes.
7. Create User Accounts and Identities – Create at least one user account that can
be used to access the Maestro User Interface. See Section 7 Creating and Editing
User Accounts and Identities for more details on how to proceed with creating user
accounts, changing the password for the “sample” user account, or deleting the
“sample” account.
8. Secure the Default Keystore – If any of the LISTSERV Maestro components are
going to be secured using SSL (Secure Socket Layer), then change the password
for the default keystore for trusted root certificates that is shipped with Java. The
instructions for this procedure are located in Section 18.3.3 Securing the Trusted
Root Certificate Keystore.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 12 -
Section 3 Changing the Administrator Password
........................................................
T
o change the administrator password, click the Change Administrator
Password icon on the Administration Hub home page. The Change
Administrator Password screen opens.
Figure 3-1 Change Administrator Password Screen
Enter the old password in the top field and a new password in the field beneath. Confirm
the new password by retyping it in the third field, and then click the [OK] button to record
the changes or the [Cancel] button to disregard.
The default password after a fresh installation of LISTSERV Maestro is “admin”.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 13 -
Section 3
Changing the Administrator Password
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 14 -
Section 4 LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
........................................................
ISTSERV Maestro uses an instance of LISTSERV to send email jobs that are
prepared in the Maestro User Interface. Any instance of LISTSERV, or multiple
instances of LISTSERV, can be used to send jobs as long as each instance has
a LISTSERV Maestro license, is reachable over the network, has been configured to
accept jobs from LISTSERV Maestro, and LISTSERV Maestro has been configured to
connect to it. A hierarchy of LISTSERV Connection settings can be used to configure a
global application default connection, a default connection for each group, a separate
sender address for group users, and a default connection for each single user not in a
group. For more information on configuring individual and group user settings, see
Section 7.2.3 Editing Component Specific Settings for Single and Group Users.
L
The system works by having the Maestro User Interface send a “distribute job” to
LISTSERV. A DISTRIBUTE job is a series of commands to LISTSERV that essentially
says, “Take this message and send it to these recipients.” In order to successfully
process a DISTRIBUTE job, LISTSERV needs to have a list of recipients (email
addresses), and the message itself. A complete DISTRIBUTE job must include one or
more command lines giving instructions to LISTSERV and an authenticating password.
LISTSERV Maestro handles these and many other steps automatically.
Normally, LISTSERV does not accept "distribute" commands from everyone. LISTSERV
accepts this command only if the “distribute job” is sent from an account (email address)
that is configured in LISTSERV to have the right to DISTRIBUTE jobs. The reason for this
is to avoid allowing LISTSERV to be hijacked for spamming and other unethical
purposes.
LISTSERV Maestro may also access an instance of LISTSERV to create and manage
Hosted LISTSERV lists. This feature utilizes nearly all of the features of traditional
LISTSERV lists in combination with the LISTSERV Maestro user interface. It also
requires additional configuration within LISTSERV to allow LISTSERV to connect to the
user database and to allow LISTSERV Maestro to create new LISTSERV lists.
4.1 Preparing LISTSERV for LISTSERV Maestro
Several steps are required in order to prepare LISTSERV for communication with
LISTSERV Maestro. These include preparing LISTSERV to accept DISTRIBUTE jobs
from Maestro, preparing LISTSERV to allow LISTSERV Maestro to create new
LISTSERV lists, preparing the LISTSERV list archive folder, and preparing LISTSERV
for database access. These steps require access to the LISTSERV Site Configuration file
on the LISTSERV server, and thus need to be carried out by the LISTSERV Site
Administrator. For more information on LISTSERV’s Site Configuration file, see the
LISTSERV Site Manager’s Manual at http://www.lsoft.com/resources/manuals.asp.
4.1.1 Preparing LISTSERV to Process DISTRIBUTE Jobs from LISTSERV
Maestro
In order to process email jobs from LISTSERV Maestro, LISTSERV needs to be
prepared in certain ways. Authentication between LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 15 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
happens by way of an email address and password combination. This means that
LISTSERV needs to have an email address and password stored for LISTSERV Maestro
in order to give LISTSERV Maestro the right to send DISTRIBUTE jobs. (This email
address and password combination will later be entered in to the Administration Hub; see
Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface.)
For Windows, if the Express Setup option was used to install the full LISTSERV Maestro
Suite, then this step is handled automatically for the default LISTSERV connection. You
can skip this step unless you want to add more distribute accounts (i.e. so that each
group uses a different account, which is recommended if you do not want separate
groups sharing data).
Prepare LISTSERV for processing email jobs from LISTSERV Maestro as follows:
•
In LISTSERV, configure an email address to have the DISTRIBUTE right. The email
address must be defined in LISTSERV’s Site Configuration file with the following
parameter:
DIST_ALLOWED_USERS: This parameter confers only the right to send
DISTRIBUTE jobs and is the recommended one to use. An example from a
Windows SITE.CFG file might look as follows:
[email protected]
Remember that LISTSERV must be restarted in order for any site configuration
changes to take effect.
•
In LISTSERV, register a password for the email address that was specified under
the DIST_ALLOWED_USERS or POSTMASTER setting. There are two ways to do this:
• The first way is to send an email message to [email protected]
(substituting the domain name of the LISTSERV server in place of
EXAMPLE.ORG) from the newly registered email address with the following
command in the message body:
PW REP newpassword
where newpassword represents the desired password. LISTSERV will send a
confirmation message back by email. You must reply to that confirmation
message with another message saying OK. If the LISTSERV Web Interface is
running on the LISTSERV server, then the request can be confirmed by visiting
the URL provided in the confirmation message.
• The second way to do this is to send an email message to
[email protected] (substituting the domain name of the LISTSERV
server in place of EXAMPLE.ORG) from the LISTSERV site administrator’s
address (an address defined as a POSTMASTER in the LISTSERV Site
Configuration file) with the following command in the message body:
PWC ADD email newpassword PW=createpw
where email is the email address being used for the LISTSERV Maestro jobs,
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 16 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
newpassword is the password being assigned to that email address, and
createpw is the password defined in the Site Configuration file as the
CREATEPW or the personal password registered for the postmaster address.
By configuring LISTSERV with these steps, an email address and password combination
now exists that has the right to send DISTRIBUTE jobs. This address and associated
password are necessary for LISTSERV to accept a DISTRIBUTE job from LISTSERV
Maestro. The configured address, referred to as the "sender" address, is the sender of
the DISTRIBUTE job. It is not the same email address that is used in the Maestro User
Interface for the sender definition step of creating a job.
It is possible to have more than one address and password configured within the
LISTSERV instance and granted the DISTRIBUTE right. Follow the steps above to add
additional addresses if desired. Multiple addresses with the DISTRIBUTE right will allow
for individual accounts within a group to have individual sender addresses or for distinct
groups to use the same LISTSERV instance without sharing other privileges (for
example, sharing the rights to send to the same LISTSERV lists).
Tip: Each account group should have a separate distribute account defined in order to
prevent inadvertent sharing of LISTSERV List data. For even stricter separation,
each group can connect to a different LISTSERV server.
4.1.2 Preparing LISTSERV to Allow Maestro Hosted LISTSERV Lists
On some platforms, it is possible for LISTSERV Maestro to create traditional LISTSERV
lists and store the subscription data for these lists such that they are accessible from the
LISTSERV Maestro subscription pages. These types of lists are referred to as Hosted
LISTSERV Lists or HLLs because their data is “hosted” within LISTSERV Maestro’s
system database.
First determine whether HLLs are supported on your LISTSERV platform. As far as
LISTSERV is concerned, HLLs are simply DBMS-backed lists. DBMS-backed lists are
not supported on every LISTSERV platform using every DBMS package.
LISTSERV running on Windows supports any ODBC-compliant database so HLLs are
always possible if LISTSERV is running on Windows, even if LISTSERV Maestro is using
the internal system database.
If LISTSERV is running on Linux or Solaris, HLLs are possible only if the LISTSERV
Maestro system database is defined as an external database using Oracle or DB2. If
LISTSERV is running on Mac OS X, HLLs are possible only if the LISTSERV Maestro
system database is defined as an external system database using Oracle. If LISTSERV
is running on a different operating system (remember that LISTSERV may run on a
different platform than the other LISTSERV Maestro components), support for HLLs
depends on LISTSERV support for DBMS-backed lists on that platform. The table below
summarizes the restrictions for HLL support.
Table 4-1 Restrictions for Hosted LISTSERV List Support
If LISTSERV is running on
this Operating System:
Windows
LISTSERV Maestro HLL support requirements are:
Any supported internal or external system database (MySQL,
Oracle, DB2, or MS SQL Server).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 17 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
If LISTSERV is running on
this Operating System:
LISTSERV Maestro HLL support requirements are:
Linux
Solaris
HP-UX
AIX
The external system database must be defined using Oracle
or DB2.
Mac OS X
Tru64 Unix
OpenVMS
The external system database must be defined using Oracle.
FreeBSD
Linux-S390
No support for Hosted LISTSERV Lists.
VM
LISTSERV Maestro is not supported for use with LISTSERV
running on VM.
Assuming the platform supports Hosted LISTSERV Lists, the following steps are
necessary to prepare LISTSERV to support Hosted LISTSERV Lists in LISTSERV
Maestro.
1. Add a special Postmaster address for use by Maestro
Note: On Windows, if the Express Setup option was used to install the full LISTSERV
Maestro Suite (including LISTSERV), a postmaster address and password have
already been defined for Maestro, and you can skip directly to step 2.
In order to allow LISTSERV Maestro to create Hosted LISTSERV Lists, the
LISTSERV Site Administrator needs to register an email address for LISTSERV
Maestro under the POSTMASTER setting of the LISTSERV Site Configuration file.
This should be a separate address from those registered as
DIST_ALLOWED_USERS, as the POSTMASTER address will additionally have the
rights to create new lists on the LISTSERV server and to access any LISTSERV list
on that server. It is recommended that the QUIET and HIDE parameters are used for
the address, so that it does not receive routine administrative messages from the
LISTSERV server. An example from a Windows SITE.CFG file might look as follows
(while the line may be wrapped in this document, it should not be in the actual
configuration file):
[email protected] QUIET:
HIDE:[email protected]
2. Prepare the LISTSERV List Archive Folder
If Hosted LISTSERV Lists will be enabled to use LISTSERV’s List Archive features
in order to keep an archive of postings to LISTSERV lists, then the LISTSERV Site
Administrator needs to create a folder on the LISTSERV server in which to store the
archive files. This is usually a sub-directory under the main LISTSERV folder
(something like C:\LISTSERV\LISTS or /home/listserv/lists.) This folder location will
be later entered into the Administration Hub; see Section 5 Settings for the Maestro
User Interface.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 18 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
3. Prepare LISTSERV for database access
Hosted LISTSERV lists store their subscriber information in a DBMS-back-end, rather
than “traditional” LISTSERV list files. In order to use DBMS-driven Hosted LISTSERV
Lists, the LISTSERV Site Administrator must configure LISTSERV to access the
LISTSERV Maestro system database. First, a compatible database client must be
installed and configured on the LISTSERV host. Next, LISTSERV must be enabled to
use that client. Finally, LISTSERV must be configured to access the LISTSERV Maestro
system database. See the next section for detailed instructions.
4.1.3 Preparing LISTSERV for Database Access
There are two situations in which LISTSERV needs to be prepared for database access:
•
If Hosted LISTSERV Lists will be used (see Section 4.1.2 Preparing LISTSERV to
Allow Maestro Hosted LISTSERV Lists), and
•
If LISTSERV will be used to retrieve recipients directly from an external user
database instead of LISTSERV Maestro retrieving the recipients and passing them
on to LISTSERV. In the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface (LUI), this corresponds to
the Let LISTSERV Select Recipients from a Database recipient type.
Installing and Configuring a Database Client – The System Administrator of the
LISTSERV host will need to install and configure a database client on the LISTSERV
system. For LISTSERV on Windows, ODBC is the only supported database client (as of
the time this document was written). For LISTSERV on Solaris, Linux, AIX, Oracle’s OCI
client, and IBM’s DB2 CLI client are the supported clients. For LISTSERV on Mac OS X,
Tru64 Unix, and OpenVMS, only Oracle’s OCI client is supported (please consult the
LISTSERV documentation for current specific version support). Please consult the
vendor documentation for details on installing the appropriate ODBC, OCI or CLI client
files for the LISTSERV platform.
Once the database client is installed, a client connection to the LISTSERV Maestro
system database needs to be configured. This usually means supplying the client with a
host name and port number for your database server, a database name, and a unique
service name.
For sites using an external database as the LISTSERV Maestro system database,
configure the database client on the LISTSERV server with connection settings for that
particular environment. Usually this requires at least a host name for the database
server, port number, database name, and unique service name. Consult the vendor
documentation for information on configuring these settings.
Details for LISTSERV on Windows Connecting to the Internal System Database for
HLL Support – For LISTSERV Maestro installations on Windows using the default
internal system database and running LISTSERV on the same host as Maestro, an
ODBC driver for MySQL will need to be installed on that host. (At the time this document
was written, MySQL provides such a driver on their web site at http://dev.mysql.com/
downloads/connector/odbc/). Open the ODBC Data Sources control panel, and create a
new system DSN using the MySQL driver. The host name configured in the DSN should
be localhost, the port should be 3306, and the database name should be LUI. Give
the DSN a unique name; this name will be assigned to the ODBC_DSN parameter in the
LISTSERV site configuration file (see below).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 19 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
For sites using the default internal system database, but with LISTSERV for Windows
installed on a different host than LISTSERV Maestro, an ODBC driver for MySQL will
again need to be installed on the LISTSERV host. While configuring the ODBC DSN,
substitute the actual hostname of the LISTSERV Maestro server for localhost (the
port number and database name will be the same as above). On the LISTSERV Maestro
server, give LISTSERV permission to access the internal system database. Start the
MySQL client program \Program Files\L-Soft\Application
Server\lui\database\MySQL\bin\mysql.exe and enter the following command:
grant all on LUI.* to [email protected] identified by 'PASSWORD';
Replace USERNAME with the ODBC_UID that you will be assigning to LISTSERV (see
below), LISTSERVHOST with the name of the host on which LISTSERV is running, and
PASSWORD with the ODBC_AUTH that you will be assigning to LISTSERV (see below).
Enabling LISTSERV To Use a Database Client Driver – On Windows, LISTSERV
comes already linked to the Microsoft ODBC system. No additional steps are needed in
order to enable DBMS support in LISTSERV (although it is still necessary to configure
the ODBC connection and enter specific database information in LISTSERV’s Site
Configuration file, see below).
On other platforms, if LISTSERV is not already compiled with database support (which
is the case by default), then you’ll have to re-link the LISTSERV executable to include
database support for Oracle or DB2. Make sure to use the current LISTSERV installation
kit from ftp://ftp.lsoft.com/LISTSERV/UNIX, and follow the instructions in the LISTSERV
installation memo for adding DBMS support to the LISTSERV executable.
Configuring LISTSERV to Access the LISTSERV Maestro System Database – For
Hosted LISTSERV lists, LISTSERV stores its subscriber data in tables in the LISTSERV
Maestro system database. Once there is a database-enabled LISTSERV installation, the
LISTSERV Site Administrator next needs to configure LISTSERV to access the
LISTSERV Maestro system database. This is done by adding configuration information
to LISTSERV’s Site Configuration file (SITE.CFG or go.user. See the LISTSERV Site
Manager’s Manual at http://www.lsoft.com/resources/manuals.asp for detailed
information on editing LISTSERV’s Site Configuration File). Typically, three parameters
are needed: a database identifier, a user name, and a password.
Before adding any of the following parameters to the LISTSERV Site Configuration file,
take note of the database server name of the LISTSERV Maestro system database.
LISTSERV Maestro automatically generates this server name upon installation. View the
database server name through the Maestro Administration Hub by clicking on Global
Component Settings > Maestro User Interface > Default LISTSERV Connection. Under
Connection Settings for Hosted LISTSERV Lists, look for the Database Server Name.
This name should begin with MAESTRODB_, followed by a string of characters.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 20 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
Figure 4-1 The Database Server Name
In the example in Figure 4-1, the Database Server Name is MAESTRODB_elex3jha.
This server name uniquely identifies the Maestro system database to LISTSERV. Enter
that database server name into the LISTSERV Site Configuration file (SITE.CFG or
go.user) exactly as it appears in the Administration Hub – including upper and lower
case letters. Utilize the following parameters to configure LISTSERV for access to the
Maestro system database (depending on the DBMS product in which the Maestro system
database is housed). Replace SERVERNAME with the Database Server Name displayed
in the Maestro Administration Hub:
•
Microsoft ODBC connections (Windows):
• ODBC_DSN_SERVERNAME – The ODBC_DSN parameter should be the Database
Service Name (DSN) that was already configured in the Windows ODBC
control panel (see above for DSN configuration information).
• ODBC_UID_SERVERNAME – The ODBC_UID parameter should contain the user
name under which LISTSERV should connect to the DSN configured above.
This user name (and corresponding password) should already be registered in
the DBMS. If the internal system database installed with LISTSERV Maestro is
being used, and LISTSERV is running on the same host, the user name for the
LUI database is luiuser.
• ODBC_AUTH_SERVERNAME – The ODBC_AUTH parameter should contain the
password that corresponds to the ODBC_UID configured above. If the internal
system database installed with LISTSERV Maestro is being used and
LISTSERV is running on the same host, the password for the luiuser user is
lui.
• Example for Windows/ODBC:
ODBC_DSN_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=LUI
ODBC_UID_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=luiuser
ODBC_AUTH_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=lui
•
Oracle OCI connections (UNIX/Linux):
• OCI_CONNECT_SERVERNAME – The OCI_CONNECT parameter should contain
an OCI connect string (typically configured in a TNSNAMES.ORA file. Consult
the Oracle documentation for connect string configuration.)
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 21 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
• OCI_UID_SERVERNAME – The OCI_UID parameter specifies the user name
under which LISTSERV will connect to the database specified by the connect
string. This user name (and corresponding password) should already be
registered in the DBMS. (If a user name and password have already been
specified as part of the OCI_CONNECT parameter, then the OCI_UID and
OCI_PWD parameters may not be necessary.)
• OCI_PWD_SERVERNAME – The OCI_PWD parameter specifies the password to
be used for the OCI_UID configured above.
• Example for UNIX/OCI (with UNIX, each parameter much be exported):
OCI_CONNECT_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MYDATA”
OCI_UID_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MYUSER”
OCI_PWD_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MYPASS”
•
IBM DB2 connections (UNIX/Linux):
• CLI_DSN_SERVERNAME – As with the ODBC_DSN, the CLI_DSN specifies
some Database Service Name (DSN) already configured in the CLI
configuration.
• CLI_UID_SERVERNAME – The CLI_UID parameter specifies the user name
under which LISTSERV should connect to the CLI_DSN configured above.
This user name (and corresponding password) should already be registered in
the DBMS.
• CLI_AUTH_SERVERNAME – The CLI_AUTH parameter supplies the password
for the CLI_UID configured above.
• Example for UNIX/CLI (with UNIX, each parameter much be exported):
CLI_DSN_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MYDATA”
CLI_UID_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MYUSER”
CLI_AUTH_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MYPASS”
In addition to the ODBC, OCI, and CLI parameters listed above, LISTSERV must also be
supplied with a default database connection (without the additional SERVERNAME
parameter). This default connection may contain invalid “dummy” settings, but it must be
present in order for LISTSERV to enable its database functions. LISTSERV looks in its
site configuration file for a parameter called ODBC_DSN, OCI_CONNECT or CLI_DSN
(without the additional SERVERNAME) in order to determine whether the database
extensions should be initialized. Enter “dummy” information in addition to the actual
Maestro system database information, as in the example below. The following example
is for OCI; substitute ODBC or CLI parameter names as appropriate:
OCI_CONNECT=”DUMMY”
OCI_UID=”DUMMY_USER”
OCI_PWD=”DUMMY_PASS”
OCI_CONNECT_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”MAESTRODATA”
OCI_UID_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”SCOTT”
OCI_PWD_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3=”TIGER”
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 22 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
In the example above, the OCI_CONNECT, OCI_UID and OCI_PWD parameters define
the “dummy” database connection, and the OCI_CONNECT_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3,
OCI_UID_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3 and OCI_PWD_MAESTRODB_dtn7nzn3 parameters
define the actual connection settings for the Maestro system database.
Important: If there is not a default DBMS connection defined, (ODBC_DSN,
OCI_CONNECT, or CLI_DSN) then LISTSERV’s DBMS features will be disabled
and Hosted LISTSERV lists will not work properly, even if there is an
ODBC_DSN_SERVERNAME, OCI_CONNECT_SERVERNAME, or
CLI_DSN_SERVERNAME parameter defined. It is permissible to use a “dummy”
setting (one which contains invalid “placeholder” settings) for the default DBMS
connection, but a default connection must be configured in order for LISTSERV’s
DBMS support to be enabled.
4.2 Preparing LISTSERV Maestro to Send DISTRIBUTE Jobs to LISTSERV
After LISTSERV has been configured for use with LISTSERV Maestro, the LISTSERV
configuration information must be entered into LISTSERV Maestro's Administration Hub.
The LISTSERV connection can be configured at several levels. The widest level of
setting is the Global Component Setting, which defines the global default LISTSERV
connection on the application level (see Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User
Interface). These settings will be used as defaults for all accounts that do not have
individual settings for group or user level.
The next level is the default setting for a group. The group default LISTSERV connection
may connect to a different instance of LISTSERV, or may use different settings than the
global default. To set the LISTSERV settings for an entire group in the user list, click on
the group name (appears only if the account belongs to a group, see Figure 18 Default
Hosted Data Settings24). If defined on the group level, the group settings will override
the global default settings for that group. The settings will apply to all accounts in the
group, except for the Client Address for Mail Delivery settings (Address and
Password). These two settings may be configured individually for each account in the
group, provided LISTSERV is configured with additional addresses with the
DISTRIBUTE right. Accounts in the group for which they are not configured will use the
group's settings as the default.
Individual accounts are the last level of settings for the LISTSERV Connection. Individual
accounts can belong to a group (group user) or not belong to a group (single user).
Settings for individual accounts will override default group and global settings. To
configure the LISTSERV connection for an individual account, click on the user name
from the user list. The screen that opens is different depending on whether the account
is a group user or a single user.
Single user accounts can use a separate LISTSERV instance and would therefore need
to have all LISTSERV connection settings defined. Or, single user accounts may use a
different client address and password than the global default. Group user accounts can
only define the Client Address for Mail Delivery settings. These individual group
settings result in a different LISTSERV email address for each user so that jobs can be
identified by owner in the LISTSERV logs.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 23 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
Properly specifying the LISTSERV host name settings, found on the LISTSERV
Connection screens, is another important aspect to preparing LISTSERV Maestro to
process DISTRIBUTE jobs from LISTSERV. This is important for three reasons:
•
LISTSERV Maestro to LISTSERV system communication – LISTSERV Maestro
communicates with LISTSERV using the TCPGUI port. For this reason, LISTSERV
Maestro needs to know the name of the server where LISTSERV is running. Enter
this server name in the LISTSERV Host field.
•
Host Name For Return Path – When email is sent out over the Internet, the return
path, which allows undeliverable messages to be returned to the sender (also know
as the RFC 821 address), must include a known external name, otherwise the
bounced mail cannot be returned and LISTSERV Maestro cannot automatically
process and report on bounces. Use the External Host Name drop-down menu to
help identify this external name.
•
Host Name For List Addresses – When doing mailings that are based on a normal
LISTSERV list, the address of the list in use must include a known external name of
the server hosting the LISTSERV instance for list communication to function
correctly (something like [email protected]). Use the External Host Name
drop-down menu to help identify this external name.
Usually, a server is only given a single host name by which it can be reached from other
computers, including both internal intranet computers and external computers on the
Internet. In this case, enter that name into the LISTSERV Host field of the LISTSERV
Connection screen. Click the External Host Name drop-down menu and select Use
LISTSERV host name as given above.
When the LISTSERV server is given several different names (or appears to have several
names) a different setup is required. These situations often stem from optimizing a high
performance installation of LISTSERV Maestro. In this case, follow the instructions in
Section 4.2.1 Specifying the LISTSERV Host with Different Internal and External Names.
For very high volumes, it may be desirable to have a separate LISTSERV installation
solely for the purpose of processing bounces. In that case, follow the instructions in
Section 4.2.2 Specifying a Separate LISTSERV Instance for Processing Bounces.
4.2.1 Specifying the LISTSERV Host with Different Internal and External
Names
A common optimizing set up is to have LISTSERV on one server inside a firewall with
only an internal name, and the SMTP service on another server outside the firewall with
an external name. With this set up, LISTSERV, installed on the server with the internally
known name, is visible by this name to inside users. For all outside purposes, such as
the return path and list email addresses, LISTSERV “appears” to actually be running on
the SMTP server with the external name. This is because the SMTP service is connected
to the actual LISTSERV instance on the internal server. When viewed remotely,
LISTSERV appears to have two host names: one internally known and one externally
known.
To enter a separate external host name, select Use special external LISTSERV host
name specified below from the pull down menu. An edit box will appear. Enter the host
name in the edit box.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 24 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
Figure 4-2 Using A Different External Host Name For LISTSERV
Use the following rules for entering information on the LISTSERV Connection screen:
•
For the internal communication, (the LISTSERV Host field) always specify a host
name that points to the server where LISTSERV is actually running, not to the
instance where LISTSERV only “appears” to be running, when in reality it is SMTP
running on that server. Also, the LISTSERV Maestro server must be able to resolve
that host name to the actual IP address of that server.
•
For the External Host Name field, always specify the host name of LISTSERV as
seen by outside clients (the Internet), even if that name is actually only an alias for
the host or if it points to a server where only the SMTP instance is running.
4.2.2 Specifying a Separate LISTSERV Instance for Processing Bounces
For very large volume installations of LISTSERV Maestro, a separate instance of
LISTSERV can be used just to process bounces. From the LISTSERV Connection
screen, select the Use dedicated server option if you want more settings for this
LISTSERV instance to appear (see Figure 12 Dedicated Bounce Server18).
If the dedicated bounce processing host has only a single name, enter that name into the
LISTSERV Host field of the LISTSERV Connection screen (see Figure 12 Dedicated
Bounce Server18). Select Use LISTSERV host name as given above from the
External Host Name drop-down menu. Fill in the other appropriate information, the
TCPGUI port, the client address and password following the same rules outlined in
Section 4.2 Preparing LISTSERV Maestro to Send DISTRIBUTE Jobs to LISTSERV.
If the dedicated bounce-processing host has more than one name (or appears to), then
select Use special external LISTSERV host name specified below from the dropdown menu. An edit box will appear. Enter the host name in the edit box.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 25 -
Section 4
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro
4.3 Using Existing Lists with LISTSERV Maestro
LISTSERV Maestro can provide access to existing LISTSERV lists, presenting a dropdown menu of available lists on the Source page of the Recipient Definition wizard when
Send to an Existing LISTSERV List is selected on the Options page. In order to do this,
follow these instructions:
For each existing LISTSERV list to be added to the drop-down menu, insert a line in the
list header containing the keyword “Owner=”. Add the email address that was configured
with the DISTRIBUTE right (LISTSERV client address) to the right side of the "=" sign.
This can be accomplished using email for all LISTSERV servers. If LISTSERV’s Web
Interface is installed and configured, it can be used to edit the list header. See the
LISTSERV List Owner’s Manual for detailed information on editing LISTSERV list
headers.
For example, in the sample list header below, the lines highlighted in gray have been
added. The address to the right of the "=" sign is the address that has the DISTRIBUTE
right in the LISTSERV instance where this list is located. The line before that sets this
owner to "quiet" meaning that no mail will ever be sent to that address. This is useful in
case that address does not resolve into a real mailbox, but only exists to allow
DISTRIBUTE jobs through LISTSERV Maestro. The example below shows how the list
header might look when edited through the LISTSERV web interface; if edited through
email, each header line would be preceded by an asterisk (*):
Women's Club
Notify= Yes
Editor= [email protected]
[email protected]
Owner=quiet:
Owner= [email protected]
Moderator= All
Sizelim= 1M
Subscription= By Owner
Subscription= Confirm
Ack= Yes
Confidential= Yes
Validate= No
Reply-to= Sender,Respect
Send= Private
Errors-To= Owner
Notebook= Yes,E:\LISTS\WOMENS_CLUB,Weekly,Private
For institutions that have many lists, it is likely that different people will need to have
access to different lists. If this is the case, people that work on the same list or set of lists
will have to be placed in the same group. The group can have its own default LISTSERV
connection and/or LISTSERV client address and password. If different addresses are
assigned to individuals in a group (multiple LISTSERV client addresses), then all those
addresses must appear in the list headers as Owner=.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 26 -
Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface
........................................................
T
o select settings for the Maestro User Interface, click on the Global Component
Settings icon from the home page of the Administration User Interface. Next, click
Maestro User Interface.
Figure 5-1 Global Component Settings for Maestro User Interface
The top selections define application settings, and the bottom selections define
application defaults. Click on a link to define or edit the settings.
5.1 Application Settings
Application settings are general settings that affect LISTSERV Maestro globally. The
Maestro Administrator may change them.
General Administration – Defines general Maestro User Interface settings.
•
Backup folder – Defines the folder where the daily backup of the Maestro User
Interface is written. If left empty, the default backup folder will be used. Use a relative
or absolute path. Relative paths are relative to the Maestro User Interface’s home
folder.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 27 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
•
Event transfer interval – Tracking events are initially collected in Maestro Tracker,
but before they become available for reports, they need to be transferred to the
Maestro User Interface. To prevent the components from being overburdened,
these transfers happen in “bursts,” and this parameter defines the time interval
between bursts. As a result, there will not be any apparent changes in reports until
the next interval has passed, transferring more tracking data from Maestro Tracker
to the Maestro User Interface.
•
Job archive folder – Defines the folder where archived jobs are saved. Archived
jobs are special ZIP archive files that are removed by the administrator from the
Delivered Jobs listing in the Maestro User Interface. If left empty, the folder named
“archive” inside the Maestro User Interface application home folder will be used.
Figure 5-2 General Administration of the Maestro User Interface - General Settings
•
Advanced Security Options – These settings define the number of allowed
unsuccessful login attempts a user can have before being locked out of the
LISTSERV Maestro User Interface. Using the [Unlock all currently locked
accounts], the administrator can unlock all accounts if a user needs to access the
User Interface before the “lock login time” has expired.
Note: This can also be enabled for the HUB. For more information, see Section 17.3
Securing the Administration Hub.
Figure 5-3 General Administration of the Maestro User Interface - Advanced Security Options
•
Runtime Administration – These settings allow the administrator to influence the
availability of the Maestro User Interface – for example, in the event of a system
shutdown. The administrator can disable the Outbox, lock login access, present a
message at the top of each screen to logged in users while the login is locked, and
create a message that appears to any user trying to login while the login is locked.
Tip: Decide on a time slot each week to perform non-emergency maintenance of the
server (for example, software upgrades). Let users know about this in advance so
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 28 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
they know to avoid sending jobs right before that time slot. When taking the system
down for non-emergency maintenance, disable the Outbox and login access an hour
ahead (or whatever time seems appropriate) to give the users time to finish their
current activities and log out in time.
Figure 5-4 General Administration of the Maestro User Interface - Runtime Administration
•
Subscriber Access Page Translations – Translations for the Subscriber Pages
are maintained externally within the L-Soft Resource Translation Tool and are made
available to LISTSERV Maestro as JAR files. See Section 6.5 Refreshing the
Subscriber Page Translations for more information.
Database Plugins – Register and unregister database plugins. Database plugins allow
LISTSERV Maestro to communicate with databases. For more information, see Section
9.2 Registering a Database Plugin.
Figure 5-5 Database Plugins
System Database Connection – Defines the settings for the Maestro System Database.
For more information on the system database, see Section 10 The System Database.
•
Maximum number of buffered connections – Defines the maximum number of
“open” database connections the Maestro User Interface will keep open at any time.
After the Maestro User Interface has finished using a connection, it will not close the
connection, but keep it open as a buffered open connection.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 29 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
•
System Database connection choice – Select the Use the internal database as
the System Database option to use the internal database (based on MySQL) as the
system database. Select the The following external database is used as the
System Database option to use an external database as the system database. In
this case, select the corresponding database plugin from the drop-down menu.
Once a plugin has been selected, a set of input fields will appear. Enter details for
the database connection such as server name, database port, database name, user
name and password. The exact details depend on the plugin selected.
Figure 5-6 System Database Connection
LISTSERV Web Interface Access – Configures if and how direct access between
LISTSERV Maestro and the LISTSERV Web Interface of the connected LISTSERV
instance will be possible. For more information, see Section 22 LISTSERV & LISTSERV
Maestro Integration.
Figure 5-7 LISTSERV Web Interface Access
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 30 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
5.2 Application Default Settings
Application default settings are used to set system-wide defaults. LISTSERV Maestro will
use default settings if no other settings have been entered at the group or user level. To
use default settings, leave all other settings at the group and user level blank. If different
settings are entered at the group or user level, they will override the default settings.
Default LISTSERV Connection – Defines the default LISTSERV connection, the default
settings for LISTSERV Hosted Lists, and the LISTSERV Connection for automatic
bounce handling. The default setting is used for all accounts that do not have single user
or group LISTSERV connections defined. LISTSERV settings defined at the user or
group level will override the default settings for only those users or groups. As a result, it
is possible to have some users and groups using the default LISTSERV settings and
other users and groups using settings defined at the user or group level.
Note: If there will be several unrelated groups, it is recommended not to define default
settings for client addresses and passwords, as each group should use a
separate address, defined in the group’s LISTSERV Connection settings. If each
group will access a separate LISTSERV instance, do not specify any default
LISTSERV connection information.
Figure 5-8 Default LISTSERV Connection
•
LISTSERV Host – Enter the host name of the server that is actually running
LISTSERV. LISTSERV Maestro will use this host name to look up the server running
LISTSERV and connect to it using the TCPGUI port. Do not use a server name or
alias that only appears to the outside clients to be running LISTSERV, such as the
SMTP server name. For more information, see Section 4.2.1 Specifying the
LISTSERV Host with Different Internal and External Names.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 31 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
•
External Host Name – If different from the LISTSERV Host, enter the host name of
the server running LISTSERV as seen by outside clients such as Internet. This host
name can be an alias or point to the SMTP server. For more information, see
Section 4.2.1 Specifying the LISTSERV Host with Different Internal and External
Names.
•
LISTSERV TCPGUI Port – Enter the port number on the LISTSERV host where
LISTSERV listens for TCPGUI connections. The default is 2306.
•
SMTP Worker Pool – Lets you specify a LISTSERV worker pool to use for specific
delivery situations. You can specify different worker pools for standard deliveries
and for test deliveries. Worker pools are an advanced LISTSERV feature, see the
LISTSERV documentation for details. Leave the field empty to use the displayed
default. The system default is "no worker pool", i.e. normal distribution by
LISTSERV. If you do not know what worker pools are or what they are used for, you
should always stick to this system default.
•
Client Address for Mail Delivery and Bounce Processing – If a dedicated
bounce server is used, then this entry reads “Client Address for Mail Delivery”.
• Address – Enter the email address that has been configured in LISTSERV to
have the right to send DISTRIBUTE jobs. See Section 4.1 Preparing
LISTSERV for LISTSERV Maestro.
Notes: This is not the address that will be used as the “From” address of the actual email
messages sent to the recipients; that type of address is defined for each
individual email job during the creating of the job.
This address must be configured at the LISTSERV instance to have the right to
DISTRIBUTE jobs. To do this, the LISTSERV configuration file must be set up to
grant the right to send DISTRIBUTE jobs to this address (it must be listed in one
of the POSTMASTER or DIST_ALLOWED_USERS configuration parameters).
For more information, see the LISTERV documentation.
• Password – Enter the password association in LISTSERV with the
DISTRIBUTE address specified above. See Section 4.1 Preparing LISTSERV
for LISTSERV Maestro.
•
Client Address for LISTSERV Server Administration
• Address – This should be the email address that was added as a
POSTMASTER in the LISTSERV Site Configuration file.
• Password – Enter the LISTSERV password that was registered for the Client
Address entered above.
If Hosted LISTSERV Lists will be used, the settings for those lists need to be configured
as well.
•
Usage of List-Archives for Hosted LISTSERV Lists – If postings sent to the
LISTSERV lists will not be archived, then select No archives allowed for
LISTSERV Lists. If there will be archived list postings, then select the option to
allow archives for Hosted LISTSERV lists, and supply the archive folder location that
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 32 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
was configured in section 4.1.2 Preparing LISTSERV to Allow Maestro Hosted
LISTSERV Lists.
Figure 5-9 Default LISTSERV Connection - Hosted LISTSERV Lists Settings
In high volume environments, a special LISTSERV instance that is dedicated to handling
bounced mail may be used. If this is the case, select Use dedicated server and then
define the settings of this second LISTSERV instance in the lower fields. For more
information, see Section 4 LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro.
Figure 5-10 Default LISTSERV Connection - Automatic Bounce Handling
Default Tracking URL – Generates the tracking URL for all accounts where no explicit
tracking URL is defined on either the single user or group level. For more information on
the default tracking URL, see Section 5.3 Setting the Default Tracking URL.
Figure 5-11 Default Tracking URL
•
Tracker Host – Enter the host name of the server running the Maestro Tracker
component.
•
HTTP Port – Enter the port where the Maestro Tracker component on the Maestro
Tracker host listens for HTTP connections. The default port number is 80.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 33 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
Important: All accounts and groups must use tracking URLs that point to the same
physical Maestro Tracker server, using the same HTTP port. Although it is
possible to enter different Maestro Tracker host names and port settings on the
same global application, group level, or individual user level, all those entries
must point back to the same physical server, using the same HTTP port. For more
information, see Section 5.3.1 Multiple Tracking URLs and the online help.
Default Size Limits – Sets a size limit for email messages and any file uploaded to the
system. The size limit for an email message applies to the total byte size of the message
(after all transfer encoding and MIME multipart wrappers have been applied). If the
message exceeds the size limit, the delivery will fail. The size limit for all uploaded files
includes recipient lists, attachments, image files, and so on.
Figure 5-12 Default Size Limits
Default Content Restrictions – Define AOL Rich Text settings for an alternative part of
an HTML message. (The AOL Rich Text setting is obsolete and not recommended
except in special cases.)
Create a set of parameters to set up a list of files or URLs that are available to use as
drop-in content elements. See the online help for more information on using this setting.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 34 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
Figure 5-13 Default Content Restrictions
Default Recipients Restrictions – The screen is split into two sections. The top section,
Recipients Type Restrictions, sets the type of recipients the user is able to use for an
email job. If Disabled is selected, then that option will appear grayed out in the Maestro
User Interface, and the user will not be able to select it. If Hidden is selected, the
recipient type will be disabled and will not appear at all in the Maestro User Interface.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 35 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
Figure 5-14 Default Recipients Restrictions - Recipients Type Restrictions
The bottom section, Recipients Upload Restrictions, contains a text box for the
administrator to enter in allowable paths or path prefixes leading to files on a server
accessible to the Maestro User Interface. These files are used for uploading "just-in-time"
CSV files for recipients definitions. If left blank, CSV files used for just-in-time recipients
definitions in the recipients definition wizard will not be allowed.
Figure 5-15 Default Recipients Restrictions - Recipients Upload Restrictions
Default Tracking Restrictions – Defines the type of tracking that will be available, by
default. To enable a tracking type, select Enable. To disable, but still display the tracking
type, select Disabled. To disable and hide a tracking type, select Hidden.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 36 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
Figure 5-16 Default Tracking Restrictions
Default Hosted Data Settings – Defines the settings for hosted recipient data.
•
General Hosted Data Settings – Defines an external host name under which
subscriber access pages are accessible to subscribers. This should be the same
host that the Maestro User Interface (LUI) is running on, but if the host has a
different external host name, enter it here.
•
Dataset Maintenance – Defines whether or not all datasets are closed for
maintenance. This will globally close all datasets for maintenance (in preparation of
a server upgrade, etc.). This setting overrides all individual dataset settings. On the
dataset overview screen, the text “All datasets closed for maintenance by system
administrator” will be displayed (so the data administrator does not wonder why all
of the datasets are closed).
Figure 5-17 Default Hosted Data Settings - General Settings
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 37 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
•
Hosted List Settings – Select whether or not users/groups may create Hosted
Recipient Lists or Hosted LISTSERV Lists.
Figure 5-18 Default Hosted Data Settings - Hosted List Settings
If Hosted LISTSERV Lists will be used, optional suffixes for the LISTSERV lists can be
used by selecting the option. Since there may not be more than one list with the same
name on the same LISTSERV server, employing automatically generated or individual
group/name suffixes for LISTSERV list names prevents list creation errors due to
duplicate list names. See the online help for more details about name suffixes.
Tip: By installing separate LISTSERV instances, and configuring the LISTSERV
connection for each user/group to use a different LISTSERV instance, then the use
of suffixes is not necessary to distinguish between lists. Separate instances will also
give each group a separate LISTSERV Web Interface for their lists.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 38 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
Default DomainKeys Settings – Defines whether or not to use DomainKeys signatures
to authenticate the origin of the LISTSERV Maestro email messages. See Section 21
Authenticating Message Origin with DomainKeys Signatures.
Figure 5-19 Default DomainKeys Settings
Default Auto-Archive Settings – Defines whether or not jobs will be automatically
archived when the completed job reaches the “auto-archive age”. If the Auto-Archive
Age is set to 0, then the auto-archive setting is off.
Figure 5-20 Default Auto-Archive Settings
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 39 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
5.3 Setting the Default Tracking URL
Before a user can send mail with open-up or click-through tracking, the administrator first
has to configure the host name and port that LISTSERV Maestro will use for the tracking
URLs generated for the message. The global default setting is used for all accounts that
do not have single user or group settings. The default settings, single user settings, and
group settings can be combined to offer separate tracking URL settings for different
accounts and groups so that the administrator has greater flexibility in terms of
customizing the tracking URL for certain accounts or groups.
When LISTSERV Maestro tracks open-up or click-through events, it does so by inserting
special tracking URLs into the messages that are delivered. A typical click-through
tracking URL looks something like the example below:
http://hostname/trk/click?ref=z4bx39x&
In this URL, the hostname points to the server where the Maestro Tracker component
is installed. If the Maestro Tracker component is configured to use a non-standard HTTP
port, then the tracking URL has to include the HTTP port, like the example below:
http://hostname:port/trk/click?ref=z4bx39x&
All account holders who do not have separate single user or group tracking URLs
configured use the default tracking URL. The administrator can define the tracking URL
host and port on an individual account level (for accounts that are not part of a group) or
on group level (in which case the settings are shared by all accounts in the group).
To define the tracking URL host and HTTP-port:
•
Default Tracking URL – For all accounts and groups that do not have individual
settings, click Global Component Settings > Maestro User Interface > Default
Tracking URL. The settings defined here will affect all accounts that do not have a
tracker host or HTTP-port configured on a single user or group level.
•
Single User Tracking URL – For an individual account that is not part of a group,
click Administer User Accounts. Click on the user name of the account to be
configured (must be an account without a group), and then click on Maestro User
Interface. The settings defined here affect only the selected account.
•
Group Tracking URL – For all accounts in a group, click Administer User
Accounts, and then click on the group name of any account that is a member of the
group to be configured. The settings defined here affect all accounts in the selected
group.
For all three choices, there are two possible settings:
•
Tracker Host – Enter the host name to be used in the tracking URL. Leave empty to
accept the default (if any). If left empty with no default given, users of this account or
group will not be able to send email messages with tracking.
•
HTTP Port – Enter the HTTP port to be used in the tracking URL. Leave empty
unless using a proxy (see the next section for more information).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 40 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
5.3.1 Multiple Tracking URLs
There are many uses for setting up multiple tracking URLs. One use of multiple tracking
URLs is to customize the look of the tracked URL within the message. Another use of
separate tracking URLs would be in the case of using a proxy where the host name of
the tracker host used in the internal network is different from the host name that external
users would have to use.
Customization is useful in an environment where the same LISTSERV Maestro setup is
shared between several distinct groups that want to differentiate themselves in the
tracking URL that is merged into the messages they send. For example, the fictitious
organization MyCorp has two divisions, one for consumer electronics and one for home
appliances. The administrator of MyCorp sets up a single LISTSERV Maestro and
creates two groups, electro and homeapp. These group accounts are created in order
to be used by the members of the two divisions (team collaboration can also be employed
inside of each group).
The name of the server where the Maestro Tracker component is installed is
“tracker.mycorp.com”, but the users do not want this host name to appear in the
tracking URL in the messages that are delivered. Therefore, the administrator also sets
up two DNS names, electro.mycorp.com and homeapp.mycorp.com as aliases for
the same server. Next, the administrator uses the procedure described above to set the
tracker host name of the electro and homeapp groups to the corresponding aliases.
As a result, even though both divisions are sharing the same LISTSERV Maestro
installation, the tracking URLs generated for the email they send are “customized” to
contain a host name that matches each division’s name.
Another example is if LISTSERV Maestro is installed behind a proxy, where URLs for
external access need to use the proxy’s host name and port, which then transparently
forwards the requests to the actual tracker host behind it. In this case, the administrator
would set the proxy’s host name and the proxy-port that is forwarded to the HTTP port
on the tracker host as the default “Tracker Host” and “HTTP Port” setting, to be used by
all accounts.
Note: HTTP Port should always be left empty unless there is a proxy at the new host/
port pair that redirects the connection to the single port on the TRK server that
processes all tracking events.
5.4 Automatically Logging into the Maestro User Interface
The ability to automatically login to the Maestro User Interface has been added to
LISTSERV Maestro 3.2 as an advanced feature and should only be configured by the
system administrator. This feature can be set up for both non-group and group users.
For a non-group user:
http://LUIHOST/lui/index.jsp?user=USER&password=PASSWORD
For a group user:
http://LUIHOST/lui/index.jsp?user=USER&password=PASSWORD&group=GROUP
where LUIHOST is replaced with the location of your LISTSERV Maestro User Interface,
USER is replaced with the URL-encoded version of the user name, PASSWORD is
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 41 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
replaced with the URL-encoded version of the password, and GROUP is replaced with
the URL-encoded version of the group name.
For example, assume that:
LUIHOST= example.lsoft.com
USER=holly
PASSWORD=example
GROUP=test
then, the following URL would be used:
http://example.lsoft.com/lui/index.jsp?user=holly&password=example&group=test
Once you access this URL, the Start screen opens with the Start LISTSERV Maestro
for User link.
Click the link to start the session. The Login screen is briefly shown, and then the
LISTSERV Maestro User Interface is opened and the user is automatically logged in.
Tip: The original Start screen continues to be displayed in the background; therefore, if
you click on Start LISTSERV Maestro for User link again, then another LISTSERV
Maestro User Interface session window will be opened, with the same user logged
in automatically.
To prevent this from happening, you can add an additional URL parameter,
“returnURL=YOURURL”, where YOURURL is replaced with the URL-encoded
version of a page-URL from your own website. The effect of this additional
parameter is that once the above URL is accessed (with the
"returnURL=YOURURL" parameter included), then the Start screen will be
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 42 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
displayed; however, when you click the Start link, two things will happen: The
LISTSERV Maestro User Interface session will be opened, with the user
automatically logged in (just as above). In addition, the original Start screen will be
returned back to the YOURURL given in the "returnURL" parameter.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 43 -
Section 5
Settings for the Maestro User Interface
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 44 -
Section 6 Administrative Policies
........................................................
very institution and business using networks computers will have its own
administrative policies for data backup, error reporting, software access on the
network, user accounts, and so on. Assimilating LISTSERV Maestro into the
existing administrative structure is done through General Administration and
Administrative Email Notification settings.
E
General Administration settings are available for each of the three components, HUB,
LUI, and TRK. Each component can have its own settings for saving backups and logging
activity. The Administration Hub component has additional general administrative
settings for external processes to be run after a backup completes (see Section 11.2
Configuring External Post-Backup Processes for details). The Administration Hub also
has a link to enable special email notification messages to be sent to a configured
address or addresses in the event of a system problem and/or a system startup (see
Section 6.4 Administrative Email Notifications for details). The Maestro User Interface
has additional settings for transferring events from the Maestro Tracker component, job
archiving, and runtime administration.
6.1 Configuring Backups
The Administration Hub component of LISTSERV Maestro acts as the backup master for
all three components. This way, any problems that might arise from having different
components that store data independently and reside on different servers is avoided.
The Administration Hub will centrally trigger a backup on all connected components
(including itself) in order that the backup data saved by each component is consistent
with the backup data of all other components. This backup is initiated based on the
values entered in the Global Component settings for the Administration Hub. See Section
11 Saving and Restoring a Backup for additional information.
Each component can save its backup in its own folder configured in the General
Component Settings section of the component. See Section 11.3 Configuring the
Backup Location for more information.
6.2 Runtime Administration and System Shutdown
These settings allow the administrator to influence the availability of the Maestro User
Interface. For example, they can be used in preparation of the system shutdown for
maintenance by disallowing new logins, disabling the Outbox to prevent outgoing jobs
from being sent, and sending a warning message to users already logged on to the
system.
Runtime Administration settings are located under Global Component Settings >
Maestro User Interface > General Administration. Use these settings to reach a safe
shutdown state, where shutting the system down will not disrupt jobs delivery or users in
the midst of preparing a job. Follow these steps to safely shutdown LISTSERV Maestro:
1. Open a web browser and access the Maestro User Interface, logging in with the
administrative account. See Section 8 Special Administrative User Account for more
information.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 45 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
2. Open a second browser and access the Administration Hub. Go to Global Component Settings > Maestro User Interface > General Administration. The General
Administration of Maestro User Interface screen opens.
3. Check the Sending is disabled option. This will stop any new jobs from starting
their send process.
4. Check the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface is locked option. This will stop any
new users from logging in.
5. In the top text box, enter an informational message such as "The system will shortly
go down for maintenance, therefore login is currently not possible" so users denied
login will know why.
6. In the bottom text box, enter an informational message such as "The system will
shortly go down for maintenance. Please finish your current work and log out as
soon as possible or contact the administrator" so that all current users will now see
this warning at the top of every page they access and will know to wrap up whatever
they are doing. Consider adding a message telling users exactly when the system
will shutdown and for how long.
7. In the browser that is logged into the administrative user account, go to the Ongoing
Jobs screen. All of the pending jobs will be listed in a table. Click on the State link to
sort the jobs according to their processing status. Jobs that are in the process of
sending will be indicated by a yellow arrows icon. Refresh the screen to renew the
list. When the jobs have finished processing, they will no longer appear in the table
after refreshing the screen. New deliveries will not start since the Sending is disabled option in the Administration Hub has been set.
8. After all jobs that were in the process of sending have finished and currently logged
in users have had enough time to wrap up what they were doing, LISTSERV Maestro can be safely shut down and maintenance tasks can be executed.
9. After the restart, return to the HUB and uncheck the Sending is disabled and LISTSERV Maestro User Interface is locked options to make the Maestro User Interface available and working normally again.
Notes: When the LISTSERV Maestro Tracker component is shut down, all tracking
URLs becomes unavailable, and all other tracking activity stops. Mail recipients
will not be able to click on links in the message and no tracking events will be
recorded. If at all possible, install the tracker component on its own server to
minimize down time. Try to schedule system shutdowns at a time that disrupts the
fewest users and the fewest possible mail recipients.
LISTSERV Maestro can be put into "Maintenance Mode" by setting the INI file
MaintenanceMode = true and then restarting the component. While in this
mode, no users will be able to log into the Maestro User Interface, so
maintenance tasks can be executed. To return the component to normal, change
the setting to false, delete the entry, or comment it out with a leading "#" or "!"
and restart.
6.3 User Restrictions
LISTSERV Maestro has many features that allow regular users’ activities within the
system to be limited. Some limitations occur on a system-wide level, such as not allowing
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 46 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
multiple logins from the same account and some limitations can be configured to occur
on a system, group, or individual level.
User access to LISTSERV Maestro can be limited to a single login per account or allow
multiple logins per account. This setting is located in the Runtime Administration
section of the General Administration of Maestro User Interface screen. See Section 17.2
Disallowing Concurrent Access with the Same User Account for more information.
In addition, an advanced security option lets you limit the number of invalid login
attempts, and when this is surpassed, lock the account and deny access. LISTSERV
Maestro supports this form of login locking in the Administration Hub and in the User
Interface component. For more information, see Section 17.3 Securing Access Against
Dictionary Attacks.
Each of the LISTSERV Maestro components (HUB, LUI, and TRK) can be configured to
restrict access based upon the IP address of the computer where the browser/emailclient is running that is used to access the component. This means that it is possible, for
example, to define that everyone (all IP addresses) is allowed to access the Maestro
Tracker component, but only certain addresses (a local subnet, perhaps) are allowed to
access the Maestro User Interface and Administration Hub components. See Section
17.1 IP Address Restrictions for more information.
Other user restrictions that can be configured at the system level are:
•
Maximum size limit for an email message – Sets a limit for the total byte size of
the message after all transfer encoding and MIME multipart wrappers have been
applied. This setting can be set as the default in the Global Component Settings >
Maestro User Interface > Default Size Limits. The default can be overridden by
setting this limit at the group or user level when administering user accounts. See
Section 7.4 Editing Account Information and Assigning Single User Settings.
•
Maximum file size for uploaded files – Applies to all types of files uploaded to the
system including recipient lists, HTML and text messages, attachments, images,
and so on. This setting is only available application wide. It is not available at the
group or user levels.
•
Content Restrictions – Allows special AOL Rich Text formatting as part of defining
an email message. If allowed, users can choose to include an AOL alternative in any
HTML message created. This setting is obsolete and not recommended.
•
Drop-in Content Restrictions – Creates a positive list for files and a positive list for
URLs that are going to be used as drop-in content elements. This helps prevent
security breaches into local files and URLs. If this setting is left blank on the system
level, it must be set on the group or user level to allow those accounts to use files
and/or URLs as drop-in content. If left blank on every level, drop-in content of these
types will not be allowed. See Section 7.4 Editing Account Information and
Assigning Single User Settings for more information.
•
Recipients Restrictions – The top section, Recipients Type Restrictions, sets
the type of recipients the user is able to use for an email job. If Disabled is selected,
the option will appear grayed out in the Maestro User Interface, and the user will not
be able to select it. If Hidden is selected, the recipient type will be disabled and will
not appear at all in the Maestro User Interface. The default can be overridden when
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 47 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
configured at the group and user level. See Section 7.4 Editing Account Information
and Assigning Single User Settings for more information.
The bottom section, Recipients Upload Restrictions contains a text box for the
administrator to enter in allowable paths or path prefixes leading to files on a server
accessible to the Maestro User Interface. These files are used for uploading "just-intime" CSV files for recipients definitions. If left blank, CSV files used for just-in-time
recipients definitions in the recipients definition wizard will not be allowed.
•
Hosted List Restrictions – Under Global Component Settings > Maestro User
Interface > Hosted Data Settings, check or uncheck boxes to allow users and
groups to create Hosted Recipient Lists and Hosted LISTSERV lists. If the boxes are
left unchecked, users and groups may not create such lists. If Hosted LISTSERV
Lists are allowed, their connection settings need to be configured under the
Connection Settings for Hosted LISTSERV Lists (see Section 4 LISTSERV and
LISTSERV Maestro).
•
Tracking Restrictions – Defines the type of tracking that will be available, by
default. This setting can be set as the default under Global Component Settings >
Maestro User Interface > Default Tracking Restrictions. To enable a tracking
type, select Enable. To disable, but still display the tracking type, select Disabled.
To disable and hide a tracking type, select Hidden.
Other restrictions can be placed on individual accounts when configuring Team
Collaboration settings. Team collaboration settings allow the job owner to give or revoke
privileges to group members affecting their abilities to create jobs, work on particular
parts of jobs like defining recipients, and use jobs in reports. These settings can be
configured at a default level for all jobs that an account owns under user settings for an
account, and they can be set at the job level for individual jobs.
6.4 Administrative Email Notifications
A link to configure administrative email messages is located on the Component
Administration for the Administration Hub screen.
LISTSERV Maestro can send email messages to one or more email addresses in the
event of a system problem or system startup. Once configured, errors and/or startups
that occur on any component will trigger a message. If an error occurs on three
components, three separate messages will sent to each configured recipient address.
In addition, the option to send an email after system problems also controls whether or
not to send notification after each backup to inform you of its success or failure.
Finally, LISTSERV Maestro also gives you the ability to define different SMTP servers
and ports used for the email notifications for each component.
To have administrative email notifications sent, select the option to send email
notifications. If notification is desired for system start, select Send a notification email
in the event of sever system problems, and optionally:, and then check Send
notification e-mail at each startup. The following settings need to be configured to use
email notifications:
•
SMTP Host – Enter the host name running the SMTP server that will be used for the
mailing. This field is mandatory and must be filled out with a valid host name that
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 48 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
can be used to send e-mail notification by the LISTSERV Maestro component that
encounters a severe problem.
•
SMTP Port – Enter the SMTP port on which the SMTP server on the host specified
above listens for SMTP connections. This field is optional; if left empty, the standard
SMTP port "25" is used.
Important: If you only supply the default SMTP host and port in this section, then this
host / port must be reachable from from all servers running one of the LISTSERV
Maestro components. If not all component servers can reach this host by using this
name and port (for example due to firewalls or DNS or other networking-related
issues), then supply the custom SMTP Host / Port (see below for details).
In the Custom SMTP Hosts and Ports for LUI / TRK section on the Administrative
Email Notifications screen:
•
To use the default SMTP host name and port supplied in the section above, then
select the Use Default SMTP host and port as defined above option from both the
LUI and TRK drop-down menus.
Note: The Administration HUB always uses the default SMTP host name and port
defined in the section above.
•
If the default SMTP host name and port supplied in the section above can not be
used for all LISTSERV Maestro components, then use the settings in this section to
supply SMTP host names and/or ports for LUI and/or TRK.
• LUI SMTP Host / Port – If you want to supply a custom SMTP host and/or port
for the Maestro User Interface component, then choose the Use SMTP Host
and port as supplied below option, and then supply SMTP host/or port that
the LUI component will use for notifications.
• TRK SMTP Host / Port – If you want to supply a custom SMTP host and/or
port for the Maestro Tracker component, then choose the Use SMTP Host and
port as supplied below option, and supply the SMTP host/port that the TRK
component shall use for notifications.
•
Sender Address – Enter a sender address that will be used as the sender address
for all the email notifications. This field is mandatory and must be filled out with a
valid Internet email address.
•
Notification email will be sent to the following addresses – Specify at least one
valid Internet email address that will be the recipient of the notifications sent from
LISTSERV Maestro. This field is mandatory. Multiple addresses can be entered, one
per row, with no separator characters. All addresses entered here will appear in the
“To:” field of the email notification, so each recipient will be able to see the
addresses of all other recipients.
Tip: You can create a LISTSERV List to distribute notifications as well as archive them.
Simply use the list address in this field and add as many addresses as needed to the
LISTSERV List.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 49 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
Figure 6-1 Administrative Email Notifications
6.4.1 Testing Email Notifications
It is important to test the settings for email notifications to make sure that they do work,
and that the specified addresses receive the mail sent by the system. This verification is
done with the Send a test email to the addresses listed above checkbox.
Checking this option, and then submitting the page by clicking [OK], will send a test email
to all recipients specified. A test email will be generated by each of the LISTSERV
Maestro components so that each of the addresses will receive three different test
messages, one from each component.
As the next step, verify that all specified addresses received three test-notification email
messages. If this is not the case, then the notification sending needs some
troubleshooting. Follow these steps to troubleshoot the email notification settings:
•
Check the log file(s) of the component(s) that did not send email notification. Verify
that the log(s) contains an entry with the following text:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 50 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
•
“Administrative email notifications have been enabled.
This message is for testing that administrative email notifications have been enabled
correctly, there is no problem with the application!”
•
If this message does not appear, then the Send a test email to the addresses
listed above checkbox was not actually checked when the page was submitted, or
the [OK] button was not clicked and the screen was exited by the [Cancel] button or
any of the shortcut icons.
•
If the message above appears in the log file, then check the log file for an error
message that appears right after the message quoted above. The error message
will read: “Error when trying to send notification email about previous log entry: Error
description here...”
•
The error description will provide an idea of what needs to be changed to make the
messaging work (for example, the error could be caused by an incorrect host name
or SMTP port).
•
If the first message appears in the logs, but not the second (the error message),
LISTSERV Maestro presumes the email notification was successfully sent. If this
happens, take a closer look at the SMTP server and the other components in the
mail delivery chain to find out where the mail got lost.
6.5 Refreshing the Subscriber Page Translations
Translations for the Subscriber Pages are maintained externally with the L-Soft Resource
Translation Tool and are made available to LISTSERV Maestro as JAR files. New
versions of these files are loaded by the system during startup. If you want to reload the
translation JAR files without restarting the system, open a browser and access the
Administration Hub. Go to Global Component Settings > Maestro User Interface >
General Administration. The General Administration of Maestro User Interface screen
opens. In the Subscriber Access Page Translations section, click the [Refresh
Translations Now] button.
For more information on the Resource Translation Tool, see the Interface Customization
Manual for LISTSERV Maestro 3.3.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 51 -
Section 6
Administrative Policies
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 52 -
Section 7 Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
........................................................
user account is used for the actual login to LISTSERV Maestro. To be able to
login, a user must supply a valid account name (and the account's group name,
unless the account does not belong to a group), together with the account's
password. Each user account is associated with a certain set of user rights that allow or
disallow different actions in LISTSERV Maestro while you are logged in with this account.
A
An identity is a collection of several accounts which belong to one and the same
"identity", usually a person. By collecting all accounts of one person into an identity,
LISTSERV Maestro knows that these accounts all belong together. As a result, the user
is then allowed to switch between the accounts in the identity without having to perform
an actual logout and login. In other words, if a user logs in with one account that belongs
to an identity, he can then switch over to all other accounts in the same identity without
having to first logout the old account and then login again with the new account (he does
not even have to provide the password of the new account).
Identities are useful in cases where one and the same person was assigned several
accounts for different purposes. The user can then simply log in with one account and
perform some tasks necessary under this account, then easily switch to any of his other
accounts and perform some tasks there.
Important: Because of this switching between accounts in the identity, it is important not
to add any accounts to one and the same identity, between which such a
switching will not be allowed.
The Administer User Accounts and Identities screen displays a list of all defined user
accounts and identities.
Figure 7-1 Administer User Accounts and Identities
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 53 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Each user name is a link that opens the Define User Account screen, and each identity
name is a link that opens the Define Identity screen. Links on the Define User Account
screen lead to user settings that can be changed for only that single user account. If the
user is a member of a group, the group name is a link that opens the Group Settings
screen, containing settings that can be changed for the entire group.
From the Administer User Accounts screen it is possible to:
•
Add a new user account or identity
•
Assign users to a group or identity
•
Edit existing user account and group settings, including deleting the accounts,
identities, or groups
7.1 Creating a New User Account
To create a new user account, click the [Add User Account] button. The Define User
Account screen opens.
Figure 7-2 Defining User Account
•
User – Fill in a user name. User names are not case sensitive, and can be
composed of letters, numbers and symbols. User names can also contain spaces.
User names must be unique if users are not assigned to a group. Users assigned to
different groups may have the same user name as long as the combination of user
name and group name is unique.
•
Group – Assign the user to a group, if desired. Groups are optional and can be left
blank. However, users must be assigned to a group in order to use the team
collaboration features. Only members of the same group can collaborate on email
jobs. The combination of user name and group name must be unique. There cannot
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 54 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
be two users with the same name in the same group, although there may be two
users with the same name in different groups.
•
Identity – Assign the user to an identity, if desired. Identities are optional and can be
left blank.
•
Password – Assign a password. All passwords are case sensitive, and must be at
least five characters long.
•
Confirm Password – Retype the password to confirm it.
Check The user is allowed to change his password if you want to grant the user
permission to change his or her password. Uncheck this option to revoke this privilege.
Click [Save] to save the account information and continue. Click [Cancel] and the new
user will not be created.
Note: If the user is allowed to change his/her password, then the Change Password
option on the Utility menu in the LISTSERVE Maestro User Interface will be
available.
7.2 Creating a New Identity
To create a new identity, click the [Add Identity] button. The Define Identity screen
opens.
Figure 7-3 Defining Identity
Enter the identity’s name in the Name field, and then select the accounts that are in the
identity.
To add an account to the identity, select it in the Available Accounts list and click the
[->] button. This will move the identity into the Accounts in Identity list.
To remove an account from the identity, select it in the Accounts in Identity list and click
the [<-] button. This will move the identity into the Available Accounts list.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 55 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Click [OK] to submit your changes, or click [Cancel] to exit without submitting your
changes.
Important: LISTSERV Maestro interprets all accounts in an identity as related and
allows a user to switch between these accounts without providing the login
information for each account. In other words, if a user logs in with one of the
accounts in the identity, then this user can switch to all other accounts in the same
identity without having to know the passwords of these other accounts. Because
of this, it is very important that you do not combine accounts into one identity that
should not be accessed by the same user.
7.3 Managing User Rights
To define the Maestro User Interface user rights for the accounts in the currently selected
group, click the User Rights Management for Maestro User Interface link on the
Administer User Accounts and Identities screen. The User Rights Management for
Maestro User Interface screen opens.
Figure 7-4 User Rights Management Screen
From this screen, you can assign user rights for the entire group or for a specific user in
that group.
Tip: You can also click on a specific account in the Administer User Accounts and
Identities screen and change the Maestro User Interface rights for the selected
account only. For more information, see Section 7.4 Editing Account Information and
Assigning Single User Settings.
The following user rights can be assigned or unassigned:
•
Create Jobs – Grants the right to create new jobs. If the user is a member of a
group with the right to create new jobs, it is necessary to also define who owns the
jobs that are created by this account. Jobs can be owned by the account that
creates them or by another group member selected from the Designated Job
Owner drop-down menu. If jobs created by one account are owned by another
group member, when the user creates a new job, the ownership will be set to the
other group member and the team collaboration default preferences of that account
are applied.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 56 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Important: If the owner account of a job that another account tries to create has not given
that account at least one right in their team collaboration default settings, then the
creating account will not be able to start a new job, and an error message will
appear on the Start New Job screen.
•
Create Reports – Grants the right to create new reports. Existing reports are
available for all members in a group.
•
Admin Sender Profiles – Grants the right to create new sender profiles. Existing
sender profiles are available for all members in a group.
•
Admin Drop-Ins – Grants the right to create new drop-in content elements. Existing
drop-ins are available for all members in a group.
•
Admin Content Templates – Grants the right to create, edit, and delete message
templates. Enabled templates are available for all members in a group.
•
Admin Target Groups – Grants the right to administer existing target groups and to
create new recipient target groups by providing access to Recipients Target Groups
Wizard.
•
Admin Datasets – Grants the right to administer recipient datasets in the recipient
warehouse. This includes creating, editing, and deleting datasets, hosted lists, and
individual subscribers. It also grants the right to administer target groups.
•
Link Datasets & WA – If granted, the user may create a link between any recipient
dataset and the LISTSERV Web Interface of the LISTSERV instance that the user is
connected to. For a dataset that is linked, the membership area of the dataset will
automatically provide links that allow the subscribers to directly access the list
archive pages of the LISTSERV Web Interface.
By clicking on the User link, then every member of the group will be granted every user
right. In addition, by clicking on the name of the user right (e.g. Create Jobs), then every
member of the group will be granted that specific user right.
7.4 Editing Account Information and Assigning Single User Settings
To edit existing account information, click on the account you want to edit. The Define
User Account screen opens.
Figure 7-5 Editing Account Information
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 57 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Click on User name, group, identity, and password to edit a user’s name, group, and
password. Alternatively, select Maestro User Interface to control how the user interacts
with the Maestro User Interface.
Note: To delete a user, see Section 7.5 Deleting a User Account, Identity, or Group.
7.4.1 Editing General User Settings
To change the user name, group, identity, or password of an existing account, click on
User name, group, identity, and password. The Define User Account screen opens.
To keep an old password while changing other settings, leave both password fields
blank.
7.4.2 Editing Component Specific Settings for Single and Group Users
After an account is initially created, click on Maestro User Interface to open the selection
list for all user specific settings. This list will vary depending on whether the user is a
member of a group (a group user) or not (a single user). To edit settings at the group
level, click on the name of the group from the Administer User Accounts and Identities
screen.
Note: The screens that configure group settings are very similar to the screens that
configure single user settings. The difference is that settings configured at the
group level will affect all members of the group; whereas, settings configured for
the single user will only affect that user.
Figure 7-6 Single and Group User Settings Screens
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 58 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Figure 7-7 Group Settings Screen
Click on any setting to open a screen to edit the setting.
Settings can include any of the following:
User Right Settings – The user rights apply only to the configured user, even if the user
belongs to a group. Check the boxes next to the privileges to be granted to the user.
Uncheck the boxes next to the privileges to be revoked from the user. User rights settings
include:
•
The user may create new Jobs – Grants the right to create new jobs. If the user is
a member of a group with the right to create new jobs, it is necessary to also define
who owns the jobs that are created by this account. Jobs can be owned by the
account that creates them, or by another group member, selected from a drop-down
menu of existing accounts in the group.
If jobs created by one account are owned by another group member, when the user
creates a new job, the ownership will be set to the other group member and the
team collaboration default preferences of that account are applied.
Important: If the owner account of a job that another account tries to create has not given
that account at least one right in their team collaboration default settings, then the
creating account will not be able to start a new job, and an error message will
appear on the Start New Job screen.
•
The user may create new Reports – Grants the right to create new reports.
Existing reports are available for all members in a group.
•
The user may create new Sender Profiles – Grants the right to create new sender
profiles. Existing sender profiles are available for all members in a group.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 59 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
•
The user may create new Drop-In Content Elements – Grants the right to create
new drop-in content elements. Existing drop-ins are available for all members in a
group.
•
The user may administer Content Templates – Grants the right to create, edit,
and delete message templates. Enabled templates are available for all members in
a group.
•
The user may administer Target Groups – Grants the right to administer existing
target groups and to create new recipient target groups by providing access to
Recipients Target Groups Wizard.
•
The user may administer hosted Recipient Datasets – Grants the right to
administer recipient datasets in the recipient warehouse. This includes creating,
editing, and deleting datasets, hosted lists, and individual subscribers. It also grants
the right to administer target groups.
• user may link Recipient Datasets to the LISTSERV Web Interface – If
granted, the user may create a link between any recipient dataset and the
LISTSERV Web Interface of the LISTSERV instance that the user is connected
to. For a dataset that is linked, the membership area of the dataset will
automatically provide links that allow the subscribers to directly access the list
archive pages of the LISTSERV Web Interface.
Figure 7-8 User Right Settings
LISTSERV Connection – The LISTSERV Connection can be set at several levels. The
widest level of setting is the Global Component Setting, which defines the global default
LISTSERV Connection on the application level (see Section 5.2 Application Default
Settings). These settings will be used as defaults for all accounts that do not have
individual settings for group or user level.
The next level is the default setting for a group. To set the LISTSERV settings for an
entire group in the user list, click on the group name (appears only if the account belongs
to a group). If defined on the group level, the group settings will override the global default
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 60 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
settings for that group. The settings will apply to all accounts in the group, except for the
LISTSERV Client Address and LISTSERV Client Password settings. These two
settings may be configured individually for each account in the group. Accounts in the
group for which they are not configured will use the group's settings as the default.
Individual accounts are the last level of settings for the LISTSERV Connection. Individual
accounts can belong to a group (group user) or not belong to a group (single user).
Settings for individual accounts will override default group and global settings. To set the
LISTERV Connection for an individual account, click on the user name from the user list.
The screen that opens is different depending on whether the account is a group user or
a single user. Single user accounts can have all LISTSERV Connection settings defined.
Group user accounts can only define the LISTSERV Client Address and LISTSERV
Client Password settings. These individual group settings result in a different
LISTSERV email address for each user so that jobs can be identified by owner in the
LISTSERV logs.
For information and instructions on how to fill out the fields for setting the LISTSERV
Connection, see Section 4 LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro. For information about
setting a special external host name, see Section 4.2.1 Specifying the LISTSERV Host
with Different Internal and External Names. For information on setting up a dedicated
LISTSERV instance for processing bounces, see Section 4.2.2 Specifying a Separate
LISTSERV Instance for Processing Bounces.
Notes: To prevent inadvertent sharing between groups, each group should have a
separate LISTSERV connection client address and password. For extra security,
use a separate LISTSERV instance for each group. Remember that each
LISTSERV instance requires a separate license, but multiple LISTSERV
instances can run on a single Windows server.
Tracking URL – Enter the Tracker URL for the user. Each user or group can have a
different Tracker URL, although they all must lead back to the same tracker component.
The domain name must resolve to an IP address on the server where the tracker
component is installed.
Figure 7-9 Tracking URL
Size Limits – Sets a size limit for email messages. The size limit for an email message
applies to the total byte size of the message after all transfer encoding and MIME
multipart wrappers have been applied. If the message exceeds the size limit, the delivery
will fail.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 61 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Figure 7-10 Size Limits
Job ID Prefix – A Job ID Prefix is an optional part of the Job ID. The prefix comes before
the system generated Job ID and is separated by a hyphen. Allowing, disallowing, or
presetting Job ID Prefixes for users takes place by selecting the corresponding option
button and entering the prefix. For more information on job ID prefixes see the LISTSERV
Maestro Users Guide.
Tip: Use preset Job ID prefixes to identify jobs from different groups or users more easily.
For internal charge-back purposes, the Job ID can be extracted from the job name
and base charges on records in LISTSERV's system changelog. If no such
identification is necessary, select Any job ID prefix allowed to give users a way of
grouping jobs.
Figure 7-11 Job ID Prefix Settings
Content Restrictions – This option defines restrictions for the content of email
messages. In the top section of the screen, select the option button to allow or disallow
an AOL formatted alternative for HTML email messages. For more information on HTML
messages, see the LISTSERV Maestro User’s Manual. The AOL alternative is obsolete
and not recommended.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 62 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Figure 7-12 Content Restrictions
In the bottom section of the screen, create a “positive list” of all files and/or URLs that will
be available for drop-in content. If the list is left blank, no drop-in content in the form of
files and/or URLs will be allowed. See the online help for more information on using this
setting.
Figure 7-13 Drop-In Content Restrictions
Recipients Restrictions – In the top section of the screen, set the type of recipients
available for use for an email job. If Disabled is selected, the option will appear grayed
out in the Maestro User Interface, and the user will not be able to select it. If Hidden is
selected, the recipient type will be disabled and will not appear at all in the Maestro User
Interface.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 63 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Figure 7-14 Recipients Restrictions - Type Restrictions
In the lower section of the screen, set the recipient upload restrictions by entering a file
name and path if the recipients will be taken from a file on the server "just-in-time" before
the job is sent. If the list is left blank, no file access will be allowed. See the online help
for more information on using this setting.
Figure 7-15 Recipients Restrictions - Upload Restrictions
Tracking Restrictions – This option defines the type of tracking that will be available, by
default. To enable a tracking type, select Enable. To disable, but still display the tracking
type, select Disabled. To disable and hide a tracking type, select Hidden. To use the
default setting, select Use Default.
Note: For information on setting the default tracking restrictions, see Section 5.2
Application Default Settings.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 64 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Figure 7-16 Tracking Restrictions
Hosted Data Settings – Defines the settings for hosted recipient data.
•
General Hosted Data Settings – Defines an external host name under which
subscriber access pages are accessible to subscribers. This should be the same
host that the Maestro User Interface (LUI) is running on, but if the host has a
different external host name, enter it here. If left blank, then the default will be used.
•
Hosted List Settings – Select the hosted list type the group members can create.
Figure 7-17 Hosted Data Settings
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 65 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
If Hosted LISTSERV Lists will be used, optional suffixes for the LISTSERV lists can be
used by selecting the option. Since there may not be more than one list with the same
name on the same LISTSERV server, employing automatically generated or individual
group/name suffixes for LISTSERV list names prevents list creation errors due to
duplicate list names. See the online help for more details about suffixes.
Tip: By installing separate LISTSERV instances, and configuring the LISTSERV
connection for each user/group to use a different LISTSERV instance, then the use
of suffixes is not necessary to distinguish between lists. Separate instances will also
give each group a separate LISTSERV Web Interface for their lists.
Note: The Suffix field is only visible if the Use individual user/group name suffixes for
LISTSERV Lists option was selected while setting up the default hosted data
settings. For more information, see Section 5.2 Application Default Settings.
DomainKeys Settings – Define whether or not DomainKeys signatures are used by
default, and whether or not the users are allowed to change the default behavior for
specific jobs. If defined on the application level, then these settings will be used as
defaults for all accounts that do not have individual settings on a group or user level.
Figure 7-18 DomainKeys Settings
Digitally signing email messages following the DomainKeys standard is a means to
assert that the message originated from the domain that is claimed in the "From:"
address. The digital signature is created for the whole message, which has the additional
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 66 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
benefit that the recipient (once he or the receiving MTA has verified the signature) can
be sure that the message has not been modified on its path from the sender to the
recipient. Before enabling DomainKeys support in the application, bear in mind that if
DomainKeys signatures are enabled for a mail job, then all messages from the mail job
must be run through a signature computation, which in most cases slows down mail job
delivery.
•
Settings for Mail Jobs
• Default Setting – Defines the default behavior for DomainKeys signing.
• Mail Job Specific Settings – Defines whether or not the default behavior for
DomainKeys signing can be overridden for specific mail jobs.
•
Settings for Hosted LISTSERV Lists – Define whether or not the default behavior
for DomainKeys signing can be overridden for Hosted LISTSERV Lists.
Note: Changing the settings on this screen only applies to mail jobs that have not yet
been authorized for delivery.
Auto-Archive Settings – Defines whether or not jobs will be automatically archived
when the completed job reaches the “auto-archive age”. If the Auto-Archive Age field is
set to 0, then the auto-archive setting is off. Leave this field empty to use the default.
Figure 7-19 Auto-Archive Settings
7.5 Deleting a User Account, Identity, or Group
To delete a user account, select the user from the Administer User Accounts and
Identities screen. The Define User Account screen opens.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 67 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Figure 7-20 Deleting a User Account
Click on Delete User. The Delete User Account screen opens. This screen allows you to
delete the currently selected user account. Depending on what kind of a user account is
currently selected one of the following options pairs will be available:
Account not in a group:
•
Keep data owned by the account: Only the account itself and its personal settings
will be deleted. The other data that is owned by the account will not be deleted but
will remain in the system as "ownerless". The administrator can then later assign
ownership of this data to a different user account or group or can delete the data
separately.
•
Delete the account with all owned data and personal settings: Together with the
user account, all data and settings that are owned by or associated with this account
will also be deleted.
Group-account, with other accounts existing in the same group:
•
Keep data owned by this account: Only the account itself and its personal settings
will be deleted. The other data that is owned by the account will not be deleted but
will remain in the system as "ownerless". The administrator can then later assign
ownership of this data to a different user account or group or can delete the data
separately. All group owned data will not be deleted either.
•
Delete the account with all owned data and personal settings: Together with the
user account, all data that is owned by or associated with this account will also be
deleted. Any group owned data will not be deleted.
Group-account, last account in the group:
•
Keep data owned by the account or group: Only the account itself and its
personal settings will be deleted. The other data that is owned by the account or its
group will not be deleted but will remain in the system as "ownerless". The
administrator can then later assign ownership of this data to a different user account
or group or can delete the data separately. The group specific settings will also not
be deleted.
•
Delete the account with all owned data and personal settings: Together with the
user account, all data that is owned by the account or its group will be deleted, as
well as the personal settings of the account and the group specific settings.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 68 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
Click [Delete] to delete the currently selected account with the selected option, or click
[Cancel] to leave the page without deleting the account.
Any jobs, reports, sender profiles, and drop-in content elements owned by that user
become “orphaned” and need to be reassigned. See Section 8 Special Administrative
User Account.
To delete an identity, select the identity from the Administer User Accounts and
Identities screen, and then click the [Delete] button.
To delete an entire group, select the group from the Administer User Accounts and
Identities screen, and then select Delete Group from the Group Settings screen. The
Delete Group screen opens.
Figure 7-21 Deleting a Group
This screen allows you to delete the currently selected user account using one of the
following options:
•
Keep data owned by the group and its accounts: Only the group specific settings
and the accounts in the group with their personal settings will be deleted. The other
data that is owned by the group or its accounts will not be deleted but will remain in
the system as "ownerless".
This option gives the administrator the chance to later assign ownership of this data
to a different user account or group or can delete the data separately.
•
Delete the group and all group accounts, with all owned data and settings:
Together with the group and all user accounts in it, all data and settings that are
owned by or associated with this group or its accounts will also be deleted.
Click [Delete] to delete the currently selected group with the selected option, or click
[Cancel] to leave the page without deleting the group.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 69 -
Section 7
Creating and Editing User Accounts and Identities
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 70 -
Section 8 Special Administrative User Account
........................................................
ith every installation of LISTSERV Maestro, a special user account for the
system administrator is available. From this account, it is possible to archive
delivered jobs and import jobs from the archive back into LISTSERV Maestro.
The administrator can also change the ownership of a job, report, sender profile, drop-in
content element, or recipients target group.
W
To access this account, log into the Maestro User Interface (LUI) as an administrator,
using admin in the User field, and then typing in the administrator password that was
configured in the Administrator Hub.
8.1 The Toolbar
The Toolbar contains menus and icons that give you quick access to the different
functions in LISTSERV Maestro. The menus may vary slightly for the administrator.
Figure 8-1 The Toolbar
The Mail Job menu lets you create a new job, view a list of open jobs (jobs that you have
not finished setting up the criteria for), view a list of ongoing jobs (jobs that repeat), and
a list of completed jobs. The options available vary depending on where you are in the
application and what function you are performing. The possible options are:
•
New – Create a new job.
•
Import – Import a previously archived job from the archives.
•
Open Jobs – Display the list of open jobs that have not been authorized for delivery.
•
Ongoing Jobs – Display the list of ongoing jobs that are authorized for delivery and
that are currently being processed or awaiting delivery.
•
Completed Jobs – Display the list of completed jobs that have been delivered or
closed after a delivery failure.
•
Archived Jobs – Display the list of archived mail jobs.
•
Job Info – Define the general information of the email job, such as the job title.
•
Copy Settings From Other Variant – Copy the job definition settings from another
variant job of the same A/B-split job to the current variant job. The copied settings
will include the message definition, tracking definition, sender definition, and test
delivery definition.
•
Authorize Delivery – Authorize the job for delivery.
•
Authorize Sampling Variant Delivery – Authorize the sampling variant jobs of an
A/B-split job with Sampling for delivery.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 71 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
•
Authorize Main Variant Delivery – Authorize the main variant job of an A/B-split
job with Sampling for delivery.
•
Team Collaboration – Define the team collaboration settings for the job.
•
Revoke Send Authorization – Revoke the delivery authorization of the job.
•
Revoke Authorized Variants of A/B-Split Jobs – Revoke the delivery
authorization of all authorized variant jobs of an A/B-split job.
•
Stop Sending – Stop delivery of the job.
•
Re-Open Job – Re-open the job for further editing.
•
Close Job – Close the job in its failed state.
•
Close All Open Variants of A/B-Split Job As Failed – Close the open variant jobs
of an A/B-split job as failed.
•
Retry Sending – Retry the delivery of the failed job.
•
Resume Sending – Resume the delivery of the job to the pending recipients.
•
Move Job to Archive – Move the selected mail job to the archive. An archived job
will no longer be accessible in the normal LISTSERV Maestro User Interface; it will
appear as if the job was deleted. Only the LISTSERV Maestro administrator can
import an archived job. Also, an imported job will be “frozen” into the state that it had
when it was initially archived (for example, no more tracking events will be collected
for this job).
•
Delete Job – Delete the job.
•
Comparison Report for Completed Variant Jobs – Generate the Job Comparison
report for the selected A/B-split testing variant jobs.
•
Multiple Job Actions – Work with one or several jobs at once with one of the
following options:
• Job Comparison Report – Generate the Job Comparison report for the
selected jobs.
• Edit Category of All Selected Jobs – Edit the job category of all selected
jobs.
• Edit Team Collaboration of All Selected Jobs – Edit the team collaboration
settings of all selected jobs.
• Move All Selected Jobs to Archive – Move all selected jobs to the archive.
• Delete All Selected Jobs – Delete all selected jobs (not recoverable).
• Select All – Select all jobs in the current job list.
• Unselect All – Unselect all jobs in the current job list.
• Enable Multiple Job Actions – Enable the multiple job actions. Checkboxes
will appear next to every job, allowing multiple job selection, and the Multiple
Job Actions menu will be displayed.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 72 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
• Disable Multiple Job Actions – Disable the multiple job actions. Checkboxes
and the Multiple Job Actions menu will be hidden.
• Change Owner of All Selected Jobs – Change the owner of all selected jobs.
• Import all Selected Jobs – Import all selected jobs from the archive.
Notes: By default, multiple job actions are disabled and the menu contains only the
Enable Multiple Job Actions option. By selecting this option, multiple job actions
become enabled, which has two effects: The menu now contains more options (with
various actions that can be applied to several jobs at once), and in the job list, a
checkbox is shown in front of each listed job. Check those jobs that you want to
manipulate, then select the desired option from the Multiple Job Actions menu.
This action will then be applied to all selected jobs.
For the administrator, the multiple job actions are always enabled and can not be
disabled.
The Report menu lets you create a new report, view any existing reports, and open the
Delivered Jobs Statistics and Delivered Recipients Statistics reports. The options
available vary depending on where you are in the application and what function you are
performing. The possible options are:
•
New Report – Create a new tracking statistic report.
•
Reports – Display the list of currently available tracking statistics reports.
•
Completed Jobs Statistics – Display the statistical report about the previously
delivered jobs.
•
Delivered Recipients Statistics – Display the statistical report about the recipients
of previous jobs.
•
Add Report to Dashboard – Add the displayed report to the Dashboard.
•
Apply Settings to Report on Dashboard – Apply report changes to the report
shown on the Dashboard.
The Recipient Warehouse menu lets you create new and manage datasets, lookup
tables, and target groups. You can also edit the bounce process settings for the
warehouse. The options available vary depending on where you are in the application
and what function you are performing. The possible options are:
•
New Dataset – Create a new recipient dataset.
•
Datasets – Display a list of currently available recipient datasets.
•
Datasets & Lookup Tables – Display the administrator’s page for recipient
datasets and lookup tables.
•
Lookup Tables – Display the list of currently available lookup tables.
•
New Recipient Target Group – Create a new target group using one of the
following options:
• Based on Hosted Recipient List – Create a new target group that is based on
a hosted recipient list.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 73 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
• Based on Classic LISTSERV List – Create a new target group that is based
on a classic LISTSERV list.
• Based on Uploaded Text File – Create a new target group that is based on an
uploaded text file (CSV-file).
• Based on Database Access by LISTSERV Maestro – Create a new target
group based on a database accessed by LISTSERV Maestro.
• Based on Database Access by LISTSERV – Create a new target group
based on a database accessed by LISTSERV.
•
Target Groups – Display the list of currently available target groups.
•
Bounce Processing – Define the bounce processing strategy for the Recipient
Warehouse.
The Utility menu lets you create new and manage drop-in content and sender profiles;
plus, it lets you change your account password. The options available vary depending on
where you are in the application and what function you are performing. The possible
options are:
•
New Content Template – Sub-menu for creating new content templates:
• Create Empty Template – Create a new (empty) content template.
• Create Template Based on Mail Job – Create a new content template that is
based on the message definition of an existing mail job.
• Upload Template – Create a new content template by uploading a content
template definition file (ZIP-file).
•
Content Templates – Show the list of currently available content templates.
•
New Drop-In Content – Create a new drop-in.
•
Drop-Ins – Display the list of currently available drop-ins.
•
New Sender Profile – Create a new sender profile.
•
Sender Profiles – Display the list of currently available sender profiles.
•
Change Password – Change the password of the current user account.
•
Print Page – Print the current page.
The Dataset menu lets you manage the datasets, categories, and members. The options
available vary depending on where you are in the application and what function you are
performing. The possible options are:
•
Dataset Overview – Return to the Recipient Dataset Details screen.
•
Edit Dataset Settings – Edit the dataset settings.
•
Edit Category – Edit the settings of the category that is currently selected in the
dataset tree.
•
Create – Create hosted lists and categories using one of the following options:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 74 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
• Create Hosted Recipient List – Create a new Hosted Recipient List in this
dataset.
• Create Hosted LISTSERV List – Create a new Hosted LISTSERV List in this
dataset.
• Create Category – Create a new category (either in the currently selected
category or in the root of the dataset tree).
• Convert or Clone Standard LISTSERV List – Covert an existing, non-hosted
LISTSERV list into a Hosted LISTSERV List or creates a Hosted LISTSERV
List as a clone of an existing non-hosted LISTSERV list without changing the
original list.
•
Browse/Edit Confirmed Members – Browse through the members of the dataset
and edit them manually.
•
Browse Confirmed Members – Browse through the members of the dataset.
•
Add Single Member – Add a single, new member to the dataset.
•
Modify Members by Upload – Add, update, or delete members in the dataset by
uploading a file.
•
Download all Members – Download the current members of the dataset.
•
Team Collaboration – Define the team collaboration settings for the dataset.
•
Refresh and Manage Linked LISTSERV Lists – Define which of the non-hosted
LISTSERV lists at the LISTSERV server to include in the dataset as Linked
LISTSERV Lists. This option will also refresh the settings of the already linked
LISTSERV lists by reading their current settings (as defined in the list headers) from
LISTSERV so that LISTSERV Maestro will be aware of any changes to the lists.
•
Subscriber Access URLs – Display the URLs for the Subscriber Access pages of
the dataset’s member area.
•
Tree Structure – Manage operations in a dataset tree using one of the following
options:
• Cut – Cut the selected category from the dataset tree in preparation for a Cut &
Paste operation (more precisely, the node will be marked as “cut”, but it will
only be removed from its current parent node once you select Paste in another
node).
• Copy (Categories Only) – Copy the selected category (and its subcategories)
in the dataset tree in preparation for a Copy & Paste operation (more precisely,
the category will be marked as “copied”, but it will only be created once you
select Paste in another node).
Note: Any hosted lists in the category or sub category will not be copied.
• Paste – Paste a node into the currently selected node or root of the dataset
tree. The node to paste must have been marked for “cut” or “copy” (see the Cut
and Copy options above).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 75 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
• Clear Cut/Copy State – Clear the current “cut” or “copy” state and unmarks
the node that was to be “cut” or “copied” (see the Cut and Copy options
above).
•
Delete all Members – Delete all members (including unconfirmed ones) from the
dataset.
•
Delete Dataset – Delete the dataset, including all members and lists contained
within it.
•
Delete Category – Delete the category that is currently selected in the dataset tree.
The Hosted List menu contains options that are related to the hosted list currently
selected in the dataset tree. The options available vary depending on where you are in
the application and what function you are performing. The possible options are:
•
Dataset Overview – Return to the Recipient Dataset Details screen.
•
Edit List Details – Edit the hosted list.
•
Browse/Edit Confirmed Subscribers – Browse through the subscribers of the
hosted list and edit them individually.
•
Browse Confirmed Subscribers – Browse through the subscribers of the hosted
list (view only).
•
Add Single Subscriber – Add a single, new subscriber to the hosted list.
•
Modify Subscribers by Upload – Add, update, and delete subscribers in the
hosted list by uploading a file.
•
Download all Subscribers – Download the current subscribers of the hosted list.
•
Tree Structure – Manage operations in a dataset tree using one of the following
options:
• Cut – Cut the selected hosted list from the dataset tree in preparation for a Cut
& Paste operation (more precisely, the node will be marked as “cut”, but it will
only be removed from its current parent node once you select Paste in another
node).
• Clear Cut/Copy State – Clear the current “cut” or “copy” state and unmarks
the node that was to be “cut” or “copied”
•
Delete all Subscribers – Delete all subscribers from the hosted list.
•
Delete List – Delete the hosted list with all subscribers.
The Linked LISTSERV List menu contains options that are related to the Linked
LISTSERV List currently selected in the dataset tree. The options available vary
depending on where you are in the application and what function you are performing. The
possible options are:
•
Dataset Overview – Return to the Recipient Dataset Details screen.
•
List Configuration – Open the corresponding LISTSERV Web Interface page for
management of the selected Linked LISTSERV List.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 76 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
•
Convert To or Clone As Hosted List – Convert the selected Linked LISTSERV List
into a Hosted LISTSERV List or clone a Hosted LISTSERV List from it (cloning will
not change the original Linked LISTSERV List).
•
Manage Linked LISTSERV Lists – Define which of the non-hosted LISTSERV lists
at the LISTSERV server to include in the dataset as Linked LISTSERV Lists.
•
Tree Structure – Manage operations in a dataset tree using one of the following
options:
• Cut – Cut the selected Linked LISTSERV List from the dataset tree in
preparation for a Cut & Paste operation (more precisely, the node will be
marked as “cut”, but it will only be removed from its current parent node once
you select Paste in another node).
• Clear Cut/Copy State – Clear the current “cut” or “copy” state and unmarks
the node that was to be “cut” or “copied”
•
Remove Link to LISTSERV List – Remove the link to this LISTSERV List (removes
the Linked LISTSERV List node from the dataset tree and the actual list at
LISTSERV will remain the unchanged).
The LISTSERV menu takes you to specific areas in the LISTSERV Web Interface. The
options available vary depending on where you are in the application and what function
you are performing. The possible options are:
•
Server Administration Dashboard – Open the Server Administration Dashboard
of the LISTSERV Web Interface.
•
List Administration Dashboard – Open the List Administration Dashboard of the
LISTSERV Web Interface.
•
Site Configuration – Open the site configuration page of the LISTSERV Web
Interface.
•
LISTSERV Archives – Open the LISTSERV archives page of the LISTSERV Web
Interface.
•
Server Reports – Contains options for reports in the LISTSERV Web Interface.
• Server Usage Reports – Open the server usage reports page of the
LISTSERV Web Interface.
• Anti-Virus & Anti-Spam Reports – Open the anti-virus and anti-spam reports
page of the LISTSERV Web Interface.
• Server Activity Reports – Open the server activity reports page of the
LISTSERV Web Interface.
The Back To menu is a quick way to return to the previous screen or to one of the
recently visited screens. The possible options are:
•
Dashboard – Go back to the Dashboard screen.
•
Selected Job "JOB NAME HERE" – Go back to the job with the given name.
•
Create New Job – Go back to the Start New Job screen.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 77 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
•
Selected Report "REPORT NAME HERE" – Go back to the tracking report with the
given name.
•
Create New Report – Go back to the Define Report screen.
•
Selected Dataset "DATASET NAME HERE" – Go back to the dataset with the
given name.
•
Create New Dataset – Go back to the Recipient Dataset Definition wizard.
•
Selected Lookup Table "LOOKUP TABLE NAME HERE" – Go back to the lookup
table with the given name.
•
Create New Lookup Table – Go back to the Lookup Table screen.
•
Selected Target Group "TARGET GROUP NAME HERE" – Go back to the target
group with the given name.
•
Create New Target Group – Go back to the Target Group Definition wizard.
•
Selected Content Template "TEMPLATE NAME HERE" – Go back to the content
template with the given name.
•
Create New Content Template – Go back to the Edit Content Template screen.
•
Selected Drop-In "DROP-IN NAME HERE" – Go back to the drop-in with the given
name.
•
Create New Drop-In – Go back to the Drop-In Content Element screen.
•
Selected Sender Profile "SENDER PROFILE NAME HERE" – Go back to the
sender profile with the given name.
•
Create New Sender Profile – Go back to the Sender Profile screen.
The Preferences menu contains options for defining various user preferences. The
possible options are:
•
User Interface – Contains options for defining preferences for the User Interface.
• Date and Number Formats – Define the date, time, and number preferences
for the User Interface.
• Display – Define the display preferences for the User Interface.
•
Mail Jobs – Contains options for defining job-related preferences.
• New Mail Job – Define the preferences for a new job, including the team
collaboration preferences.
• Recipients – Define the preferences for the recipient definition of a job.
• Content – Define the preferences for the content definition of a job.
• Tracking – Define the preferences for the tracking definition of a job.
• Delivery Test – Define the preferences for the delivery test of a job.
• Scheduling – Define the preferences for the schedule definition of a job.
•
Reports – Contains options for defining preferences for reports.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 78 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
• New Report – Define the general tracking report preferences.
•
Datasets – Contains options for defining recipient dataset preferences.
• Team Collaboration – Define preferences for the team collaboration settings
for recipient datasets.
The Logout menu logs you out of the LISTSERV Maestro Interface. For a user account
that is not part of an identity, then this menu appears as a single item, which, if you click
on it, allows you to log out from LISTSERV Maestro. For a user account that is part of an
identity, then this menu has the following options:
•
Logout this Account – Log out from LISTSERV Maestro.
•
Switch Account – Switch to a different account in the same identity (without the
need to logout and login again).
The Help icon is used to access the help associated with the current screen.
8.2 The Dashboard
The opening screen of LISTSERV Maestro’s User Interface is called the Dashboard,
providing a quick summary of what has happened recently and what is due to happen in
the future.
The Dashboard contains four sections that may be displayed, hidden, or rearranged. This
allows for a convenient and easy way to customize the information shown, making it
possible for you to see what is most important to you.
The Dashboard sections are:
•
Currently in the System – This section contains the general statistics for your
account, such as jobs in progress, number of jobs completed, etc.
•
Jobs Due Next – This section contains a list of jobs that are currently open and that
are due next for authorization. This section does not show any jobs that have a
“Authorize Due By” date configured.
•
Current and Upcoming Deliveries – This section contains a list of jobs that are
currently being delivered and that are scheduled for an upcoming delivery. From this
section, you can also view any failed jobs that have yet to be closed or re-opened.
•
Recent Deliveries – This section contains a list of jobs that have been recently
delivered and jobs that have attempted delivery but failed.
The Dashboard for the administrator also contains the Show dashboard for drop-down
menu, which allows the administrator to choose the account or group to display the
Dashboard for. The administrator can also choose to display the Dashboard for all
accounts, which provides the administrator with a summary of all accounts.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 79 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
Figure 8-2 Special Administrative User Account - Dashboard
To update the data displayed on the Dashboard, click the Refresh link. The date and time
of the data being viewed is shown next to this link.
To rearrange the order in which the sections are displayed on the Dashboard, click the
up or down arrows that are located in the top and bottom right corners of each section.
To hide or show a section, click the Hide/Show Dashboard Sections link. This link
opens the Hide/Show Dashboard Sections screen. To show a section, check the box
associated with that section. To hide a section, uncheck the box.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 80 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
Figure 8-3 The Hide/Show Dashboard Sections screen
8.3 Sorting and Filtering Jobs
The job list on the Open Jobs, Ongoing Jobs, or Completed Jobs screens are displayed
slightly different for the administrator. At the top of the screen, are two drop-down menus
that let you view the list with jobs owned by a specific user and/or with jobs belonging to
a specific category. The administrator can also choose to view all jobs/categories or jobs
with no owner/category. The job list is refreshed according to the choices made in the
drop-down menus. Each job is listed with its Job ID, Job Title, Category, Owner, Mail
Type (plain or HTML), and "Authorization Due By" date.
Also, for the administrator the Multiple Job Actions feature is always enabled and can
not be disabled.
Below the category selection box appears the Advanced Filter Settings link, which will
take you to the Advanced Filter Settings screen that allows you to further define filters
that are applied for the job list below (in addition to the filtering over the selected
category).
If advanced filtering is disabled, then the control says "Filters are inactive" and the job list
is not filtered further (except for the category filter, if applicable).
If advanced filtering is enabled, then the control says "Filters are active: See detailed
settings below". In this case, the currently defined filter will be applied and the job list
below will show only jobs that fulfill the filtering condition (and are in the correct selected
category).
In addition, the job list will display an additional filter row (with light-yellow background,
just below the table header) that displays each filter in short form, as a reminder. For each
column in the table, if a filter has been defined for that column, then the filter is displayed
in the filter field below that column's header. If no filter is defined for a column, then the
filter field of that column will be empty.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 81 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
8.4 Archiving Delivered/Completed Jobs
To save server space and shorten jobs listings within the Maestro User interface,
administrators can archive delivered jobs and jobs that have been closed after a failed
delivery. Archiving a delivered or failed job removes the job from the system and saves
it in a single ZIP archive file stored in a special archive folder on the system. Archived
jobs cannot be viewed because all their tracking events are deleted and they are
removed from any report data sources. As a result, any existing reports referencing them
in their data sources will not display correctly.
The default archive folder of a LISTERV Maestro installation on Windows is located along
a path similar to: \Program Files\L-Soft\Application Server\lui\archive.
On UNIX/Linux, the default archive folder is ~/lui/archive. Although archived jobs
are saved as ZIP files, little space will be saved because the archive folder exists on the
same server or disk as the application. To save disk space, they can be moved from the
server or disk where LISTSERV Maestro is installed. This can be done two different
ways.
The first way is to change the default archive folder in the Administration Hub to point to
a folder that is located on a different disk. The disk could be another disk on the same
server, a mapped network drive (Windows), or a mounted NFS drive (UNIX/Linux)
available on another server. By setting a different default folder for saving archived jobs
within the Administration Hub, the list of archived jobs displayed on the Archived Jobs
screen remains intact. All archived jobs in the folder will display in this list and can be
imported back into LISTSERV Maestro if necessary. To change the default archive
folder, see Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface.
The second way to move archived jobs from the disk or server where LISTSERV Maestro
is located is to do so manually. Open the default archive folder. All archive files are ZIP
files and have the job ID in the file name. Select the files and move them to a secondary
storage medium such as different disk, a tape, a CD-ROM or similar. Once the file has
been removed from the default archive folder it will not appear in the list of archived files.
Files removed from the archive folder can be moved back in it at any time, and then will
appear in the list of archived files. Once listed, the files will be available to import back
into LISTSERV Maestro.
There are two ways to archive a delivered or failed job. Click on Mail Job > Completed
Jobs from the Toolbar for administrative user account. The Completed Jobs screen
opens listing all the previously delivered jobs. Then, either:
• Click on the Job ID link to select the job. The Job Administration screen opens.
Click on the Job Archive tab, and then click the [Move to Archive] button.
Click the [Cancel] button to cancel the operation and return to the Completed
Jobs screen.
– OR –
• Check the box next to each job ID that you want to archive, and then click Mail
Job > Multiple Job Actions > Move All Selected Jobs to Archive. The
Move Selected Jobs to Archive screen opens. Click the [Move to Archive]
button. Click the [Cancel] button to cancel the operation and return to the
Completed Jobs screen. By using this method of archiving, you can archive
more than one job at a time.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 82 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
Figure 8-4 Archiving a Job from the Completed Jobs Screen
8.4.1 Auto-Archiving
LISTSERV Maestro now gives you the ability to automatically archive completed jobs
that are older than a certain age. To define the default settings for auto-archiving, click
on the Global Component Settings icon, then Maestro User Interface, and finally
Default Auto-Archive Settings. The Auto-Archive Settings screen opens.
From this screen, define whether or not jobs will be automatically archived when the
completed job reaches the “auto-archive age”. In the Auto-Archive Age field, enter the
number of days old the completed job must be before it is automatically archived. If the
age is set to 0, then the auto-archive setting is off. The age defined here will be the default
for all accounts and groups. To define these settings for a specific user, see Section 7.3
Managing User Rights or Section 7.4.2 Editing Component Specific Settings for Single
and Group Users.
8.5 Importing Archived Jobs
Imported archived jobs are in a “frozen” state. The status and the contents of the job will
not change from the moment it was placed in the archive. Any tracking events that arrive
after the moment the job is archived will be discarded, even if the job is later imported.
To restore an archived job to the system, click Mail Jobs> Archived Jobs. The Archived
Jobs screen opens with a listing of all the jobs currently present in the archive. From this
screen, you can:
• Click on the Job ID link to select the job to be imported. Click [OK] to import
the selected archived job. The Job Administration screen opens. Use the dropdown menu to select an owner for the imported archived job, and then click
[OK]. Once restored, an imported job will be listed again in the Completed
Jobs screen with its original Date and Time of Delivery (not the archived date).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 83 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
The job owner (and other group members, if applicable) can use imported
archived jobs in tracking reports.
– OR –
• Check the box next to all the jobs you want to import, and then click Mail Job >
Multiple Job Actions > Import All Selected Jobs. Click [OK] to import the
selected archived jobs. By using this method of importing, you can import more
than one job at a time. Imported jobs will have to be assigned a new Job
Owner. From the Completed Jobs screen, display jobs with <No Owner>.
Check the box next to the job(s) you want to assign a new owner to, and then
click Mail Job > Multiple Job Actions > Change Owner of All Selected
Jobs. From the Job Administration screen, use the drop-down menu to select
an owner, and then click [OK]. Once restored, an imported job will be listed
again in Completed Jobs screen with its original Date and Time of Delivery (not
the archived date). The job owner (and other group members if applicable) can
use imported archived jobs in tracking reports.
Figure 8-5 Importing a Job from the Archived Jobs Screen
8.6 Changing Job and Report Ownership
The user that initially creates a new job or report is the owner of that job or report. The
owner is the only user with privileges (rights) to execute the following job or report related
actions:
• Assign collaboration rights on the job to other group members
•
Change the job information (job title and job ID-prefix)
•
Delete the job
•
Re-open, retry, or close a failed job.
•
Assign collaboration rights on the report to other group members
•
Delete the report
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 84 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
No other user can be granted owner rights within the same email job. Therefore, it is
important that there is an owner for each job and each report because only the owner can
execute these actions.
Under normal conditions, there will always be an owner because the initial creator will
automatically become the owner. However, under certain circumstances, a job may lose
its owner:
• If an account is deleted in the Administration Hub (and therefore also in the Maestro
User Interface), then all jobs and reports that were owned by that account will be
without an owner.
•
If an account that was a member of one group is changed so that it becomes a
member of another group or not a member of any group at all, then all jobs and
reports that were owned by that account will be without an owner (“orphaned”).
To reassign a job, go to the appropriate screen that would list that job. Click Mail Job >
Open Jobs to open the Open Jobs screen for a listing of all the current jobs that have
not been authorized for delivery yet; click Mail Job > Ongoing Jobs to open the Ongoing
Jobs screen for a listing all the jobs that have been authorized for delivery; click Mail Job
> Completed Jobs to open the Completed Jobs screen for a listing all the jobs that have
already been delivered.
To reassign a report, click Report > Reports to open the Tracking Reports screen for a
listing of all the currently defined reports.
If you want to view a job owned by a specific user, click the Display the jobs owned by
drop-down menu and select that particular owner. Then, you can:
• Click on the Job ID link to select the job. The Job Administration screen opens.
Click on the Job Owner tab (if necessary). Select a new owner for the job from
the drop-down menu. Click [OK] to save the change, or [Cancel] to discard the
change and return to the previous screen.
– OR –
• Check the box next to all of the jobs you want to reassign, and then click Mail
Job > Multiple Job Actions > Change Owner of All Selected Jobs. Select
Change owner of all selected jobs, and then use the drop-down menu to
select an owner for the job(s). Click [OK] to save the change, or [Cancel] to
discard the change and return to the previous screen.
Figure 8-6 Change Job Owner from Job Owner Tab
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 85 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
If you’ve clicked Report > Reports, then the Tracking Reports screen opens with a listing
of all the currently defined reports. If you want to view a report owned by a specific user,
click the drop-down menu and select that particular owner. Then, you can:
• Click on the report title link to select the report. The Change Report Owner
screen opens. Select a new owner for the report from the drop-down menu.
Click [OK] to save the change, or [Cancel] to discard the change and return to
the previous screen.
– OR –
• Check the box next to all of the reports you want to reassign, and then click the
Actions link. Select Change owner of all selected reports, and then use the
drop-down menu to select an owner for the report(s). Click [OK] to save the
change, or [Cancel] to discard the change and return to the previous screen.
To delete more than one report or job at a time, simply check the box next to all
of the reports/jobs that you want to delete, and then click the Actions link.
Select Delete all selected reports/jobs, and then click [OK]. Click [Cancel] to
discard the deletion and return to the previous screen.
Figure 8-7 Change Report Owner Screen
When an account is changed or ownership of a job or report is transferred, job and report
rights are affected.
• Account name is changed; account not in a group – The account retains
ownership of all jobs and reports. The account remains the owner of all previous
jobs and reports. Since the account is not a member of a group, neither before nor
after the change, team collaboration rights on the jobs and reports are not affected.
•
Account name is changed; account member of a group – The account retains
ownership of all jobs and reports and the jobs and reports remain in the same group.
The account retains ownership of all previous jobs and reports. The team
collaboration rights on the jobs and reports are not affected. All members in the
same group that had any job or report privileges before the change have the same
privileges after the change.
•
Group is added to a non-group account – The account retains ownership of all
jobs and reports and transfers them to the new group. The account remains owner
of all previous jobs and reports. Since the account was not a member of a group
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 86 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
before the change, no team collaboration rights on the jobs and reports are affected.
However, after the change, since the account is now a member of a group, the
owner of the account can assign team collaboration rights on any of the jobs or
reports to any of the other members in the group.
•
Group is removed from a group account – The account loses ownership of all
jobs and reports. Jobs and reports remain in the old group. All previous account
privileges for any jobs or reports are removed. This means that the account loses all
team collaboration rights on all jobs and reports that are owned by other members of
the account’s old group. The account also loses ownership of all jobs and reports
that the user of the account created while the account was still a member of the old
group. The team collaboration rights of other members of the old group are
unaffected. However, these jobs no longer have an owner, since the old owner left
the group. The administrator should set a new owner at this point.
•
Group account becomes member of different group – The account loses
ownership of all jobs and reports. Jobs and reports remain in the old group. All
previous account privileges for any jobs or reports are removed. This means that the
account loses all team collaboration rights on all jobs and reports that are owned by
other members of the account’s old group. The account also loses ownership of all
jobs and reports that the user of the account created while the account was still a
member of the old group. As a result, the account joins the new group as a “fresh”
member, without any team collaboration or job or report ownership rights. The jobs
and reports that were created by the user of the account while still in the old group
remain in the old group. The team collaboration rights that other members of the old
group may have on those jobs and reports are unaffected. However, these jobs no
longer have an owner, since the old owner left the group. The administrator needs to
set a new owner at this point.
•
Ownership of a job or report is transferred; previous owner not in a group –
The new account acquires all ownership rights on the job or report. The original
owner loses all rights, including ownership.
•
Ownership of a job or report is transferred; previous owner in a different
group from new owner
The new account acquires all ownership rights on the job or report. For all other
accounts (the previous owner and the members of the old group), ownership or
team collaboration rights are removed.
•
Ownership of a job or report is transferred; previous owner in same group as
new owner
The new account acquires all ownership rights on the job or report. The original
owner loses all rights, including ownership. However, any other accounts that may
have team collaboration rights on the job or report do retain these rights – they are
preserved.
8.7 Changing Sender Profile and Drop-In Content Element Ownership
Drop-in content elements and sender profiles are utility items in LISTSERV Maestro
created for the convenience of the users. These items, if created by a user who is not
part of a group, are owned by that single user and cannot be used by any one else. If a
member of a group creates items, then everyone in that group can use them. In addition,
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 87 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
users in that group who have the necessary right can create new items, and delete or
modify existing items.
An item can lose its owner and become “owner-less” under certain circumstances:
• If an item is owned by a non-group account, and that account is deleted.
•
If a group owns an item, and the last account of that group is deleted or is moved out
of the group (into another group or made into an account without a group).
The ownership of any item, whether it already has an owner or not, can be changed by
the administrator using the special Administrator User Account. The administrator can
also delete any item.
To change the ownership of a Sender Profile or Drop-in Content Element, click Utility >
Sender Profiles or Utility > Drop-Ins. From the Manage Sender Profiles screen, click
on the profile title link; from the Manage Drop-In Content Elements screen, click the name
link. The Change Owner screen opens. Select a new owner from the drop-down menu.
Click [OK] to save the change, or [Cancel] to discard the change and return to the
previous screen.
Figure 8-8 Change Sender Profile Owner Screen
Note: To delete a sender profile or drop-in content element, click the [Delete] button.
If an item is moved to a new owner, and the new owner already has an item with the same
name, then the moved item is automatically renamed to give it a unique name. For
example, if an item named “sample” is moved to an owner who already has an item with
that name, the moved item is renamed “sample1”. If “sample1” is also in use, the moved
item will be renamed “sample2”, and so on until a unique name is created.
Ownership of an item is affected when an account is changed in the following ways:
•
Account name is changed, account not in a group
The account keeps ownership of all items of which it previously was the owner.
•
Account name is changed, account member of a group
Since the items are owned by the account’s group anyway, ownership is not
affected, meaning that they are still owned by the same group as before.
•
Group is added to a non-group account
Ownership of all items previously owned by the account is transferred to the group
that the account joins. All members in that group will then share ownership of these
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 88 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
items. The account also gains ownership of all items that previously existed in the
group it joins.
•
Group is removed from a group account
Since the group owns the items, the account loses access to them. They stay in the
old group. The account that no longer belongs to a group does not have ownership
of any items until new ones are created with this account.
•
Group of a group account is changed – account becomes member of different
group
Since the old group owns the items, the account loses access to them. They stay in
the old group. The account gains ownership of all items that previously existed in the
new group it joins.
8.8 Changing Target Group Ownership
As with sender profiles and drop-in content elements, target groups may have either
single user or group ownership. Single user target groups are owned by an individual
user, and may not be used by anyone else. If a group member creates items, they may
be used and modified by other users within the group who have the necessary rights.
An item can lose its owner and become “owner-less” under certain circumstances:
•
If an item is owned by a non-group account, and that account is deleted.
•
If a group owns an item, and the last account of that group is deleted or is moved out
of the group (into another group or made into an account without a group).
The ownership of any item, whether it already has an owner or not, can be changed by
the administrator using the special Administrator User Account. The administrator can
also delete any item.
To change the ownership of a target group category or an individual target group, click
Recipient Warehouse > Target Groups. The Change Target Group Owner screen
opens.
Figure 8-9 Change Target Group Owner Screen
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 89 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
Click the name of the target group category to select it, and then select a new owner from
the drop-down menu.
Figure 8-10 Change Ownership of a Target Group Category
Click [OK] to save the change, or [Cancel] to discard the change and return to the
previous screen.
Notes: To delete a target group category, click the [Delete] button. If you delete the
category, then all target groups within that category will also be deleted.
If you change the owner of a category, then all target groups within that category
will automatically change to the new owner as well.
The <No Category> target group category cannot be deleted or moved to a
different owner because it exists in the scope of all owners.
To change the ownership of an individual target group, click the target group name in the
list at the bottom of the Change Target Group Owner screen. The next Change Target
Group Owner screen opens. From this screen, select the new owner from the drop-down
menu. Click [OK] to save the change, or [Cancel] to discard the change and return to
the previous screen.
The target group will be moved to the new owner. If the target group was within a
category, and a category with the same name already exists in the scope of the new
owner, then the target group will appear in it. If the new owner does not have a category
with the same name, then one will be automatically created so that the target group can
be moved into it. If the new owner already has a target group with the same name within
the category, the new target group will automatically be renamed. The following
renaming scheme will be used: If the original name was "sample", and a target group with
this name already exists, then the new name will be "sample1". If this name also is in use,
"sample2" will be used, and so on.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 90 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
Figure 8-11 Change Ownership of an Individual Target Group
Note: To delete an individual target group, click the [Delete] button.
8.9 Changing Ownership of Recipient Datasets and Lookup Tables
To change the ownership of a Recipient Dataset, click Recipient Warehouse >
Datasets & Lookup Tables. The Recipient Datasets and Lookup Table Administration
screen opens.
Figure 8-12 Change Ownership of a Recipient Dataset
Select a new owner from the drop-down menu. Click [OK] to save the change, or
[Cancel] to discard the change and return to the previous screen.
Note: To delete a Recipient Dataset, click the [Delete] button.
The Recipient Datasets and Lookup Table Administration screen also lists all datasets
and lookup tables of the current owner.
Lookup tables are listed with their name and a short list of references (how many fields
of how many datasets or mailing lists use the lookup table). For lookup tables without any
references, the name is clickable. Click to open the Lookup Table Administration screen
for that lookup table (for lookup tables that have at least one reference, no further
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 91 -
Section 8
Special Administrative User Account
administration is possible; therefore, their names are not clickable). From the
administration screen, view the name of the Lookup Table, a description of the table, and
the current owner of the table. From here, it is also possible to [Delete] the Lookup Table.
Click [Cancel] to return to the previous screen.
Datasets are listed with their name as a link. Click the link to open the administration
screen for that dataset.
Note: It is not possible to re-assign individual datasets or lookup tables. When you
choose to re-assign a specific owner’s datasets and lookup tables, then you are
re-assigning that owner’s entire Recipient Warehouse.
Figure 8-13 Recipient Datasets Administration Screen
From the Recipient Dataset Administration screen, it is possible to [Delete] the Lookup
Table. Click [Cancel] to return to the previous screen.
If the dataset contains Hosted Lists, click on the individual list names to open the Hosted
Lists Administration screen. From that screen, view the name of the Hosted List, a
description of the list, the current list owner, and the Recipient Dataset to which the
Hosted List belongs. From here, it is possible to [Delete] the Hosted List from the dataset
or [Cancel] to return to the previous screen.
Figure 8-14 The Hosted List Administration Screen
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 92 -
Section 9 Defining External Database Connections
........................................................
he Maestro User Interface component of LISTSERV Maestro uses a “system
database” to store its working data, outlined in Section 10 The System Database.
This may be either the default “internal” MySQL database, or some external
database.
T
The Maestro User Interface can also be configured to access an external “user database”
to retrieve existing information to build recipient lists in the recipients wizard or target
groups wizard, or to create drop-in content elements.
Multiple databases managed by the same or different DBMS software can be configured
as user databases so that recipient data and drop-in content elements can be accessed
from many sources. The user database(s) may be on the same database server as the
system database, or on different ones. By configuring LISTSERV Maestro to be able to
access different databases, institutional data can be retrieved from different sources,
allowing for great flexibility.
The following DBMS products have been tested and are compatible with LISTSERV
Maestro:
•
Microsoft® SQL Server 7.0 and 2000
•
Oracle® 8i Enterprise/Standard Edition Release 3 (8.1.7)
•
Oracle® 9i Release 2 (9.2.0.3) & (9.2.0.1)
•
Oracle® 10g Enterprise/Standard Edition Release 1 (10.1.0.2.0)
•
DB2® Universal Database V7.2 and V8.2
•
MySQL® 4.1.7, MySQL 4.0.22, MySQL 3.23.42
•
Any ODBC compliant database can be used for read-only purposes to retrieve
recipient lists and drop-in content elements.
DBMS versions comparable to the versions listed above should also be compatible with
LISTSERV Maestro (this is particularly true for versions later than those listed). Versions
earlier than those listed above are not officially supported.
LISTSERV Maestro communicates with external databases with so called “Plugins” and
drivers. If an external database is going to be used for the system database or the user
database, the appropriate driver must be installed and the plugin must be configured first.
Before an external database can be invoked, either as the system database in the HUB
System Database Connection screen, or as a user database in the LUI Data Warehouse,
Recipient Definition, Target Group Definition, or Drop-in Definition screens, LISTSERV
Maestro must know how to access the particular DBMS software managing the database
in question.
The following steps need to be taken once for each DBMS package, which will make any
databases running under that software available:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 93 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
•
Install the driver for the database on the server where the Maestro User Interface
(LUI) is installed. See Section 9.1 Available Database Plugins for details.
•
Register the appropriate plugin in the Administration Hub (HUB) component. See
Section 9.2 Registering a Database Plugin for more information.
Important: Connection details for user databases are defined in the recipients target
groups wizard, or the recipients wizard in the Maestro User Interface during the
recipient definition of a job. Do not enter connection details in the HUB for user
databases. Connection details are entered in the HUB only for the external
system database. After a restart, any database connection details entered in the
Global Components Settings will change the system database.
9.1 Available Database Plugins
The Maestro User Interface is a Java server application that uses JDBC to connect to the
configured database. Therefore, it is usually necessary to install a compatible JDBC
driver for the database. Each database plugin (see Section 9.2 Registering a Database
Plugin for more information) has been developed to use exactly one JDBC driver. There
may be several plugins for the same DBMS, each of which uses a different driver to
access that DBMS. The specific plugin to be used depends on the DBMS and the JDBC
driver available for that DBMS.
Important: After installing a new JDBC driver into LISTSERV Maestro (see descriptions
below), it is necessary to restart LISTSERV Maestro to make it aware of the new
driver. On Windows, you must also re-install the LISTSERV Maestro Windows
service. To do so, execute the following command after installing the driver:
[maestro_install_folder]/commands/InstallService.cmd
Note: The plugins available at the time this document was written support nine different
drivers for four different databases as well as the ODBC-driver (as a read-only
plugin only) that in turn allows access to any database or other data source that
has an ODBC driver available.
9.1.1 The IBM DB2 V8.2 Thin Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the DB2 V8.2 database and uses the IBM DB2 V8.2
thin driver.
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.ibm.DB2V82ThinDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: The driver comes in form of four files which are found in
the installation folder of the DB2 V8.2 database (license conditions from IBM may
apply):
[db2_install_folder]/SQLLIB/java/db2jcc.jar
[db2_install_folder]/SQLLIB/java/db2jcc_javax.jar
[db2_install_folder]/SQLLIB/java/db2jcc_license_cu.jar
[db2_install_folder]/SQLLIB/java/db2policy.jar
Simply copy these files into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 94 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
9.1.2 The IBM DB2 V7.2 Native Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the DB2 V7.2 or V8.2 database and uses the IBM
DB2 V7.2 or V8.2 native driver. (For accessing DB2 V8.2, it is recommended to use the
thin driver instead, see above.)
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.ibm.DB2V72DriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: The driver comes as part of the DB2 V7.2 or V8.2
database installation (license conditions from IBM may apply):
To install the driver, first install the DB2 run-time clients (from the runtime folder of
the installation package) on the server where you want to run the Maestro User
Interface. Use the client to connect to a database on the DB2 server (see Section
10.2.4 Preparing DB2 as the System Database). It is important that you install the
client on the Maestro User Interface server, not on the server where the database is
installed (except of course, if both components happen to be on the same server).
Only for DB2 V7.2:
On Windows, stop the JDBC DB2 Applet Server service.
Then run the batch command file “usejdbc2.bat” (Windows) or “usejdbc2.sh”
(Linux) from the “java12” subfolder in the DB2 run-time client installation, i.e.
execute the file:
[ibm_install_folder]/SQLLIB/java12/usejdbc2.bat|sh
This script prepares the DB2 runtime environment for JDK1.2 and later, which is
required for a fully functional LISTSERV Maestro installation.
Note: The batch command file creates a different version of the JDBC driver file with the
name “db2java.zip”. Make sure to use the newly created file when proceeding
to the next step.
On Windows, start the JDBC DB2 Applet Server service.
Both for DB2 V7.2 or DB2 V8.2:
Copy the file “db2java.zip” from the run-time client installation to the LISTSERV
Maestro installation:
Copy the file “db2java.zip” from the “java” folder in the DB2 run-time client
installation:
[ibm_install_folder]/SQLLIB/java
into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
9.1.3 The MySQL ConnectorJ Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the MySQL database of version 4.1 and later (tested
until 5.0, at the time this was written). This plugin uses the ConnectorJ MySQL driver,
which is installed together with LISTSERV Maestro.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 95 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
Note: This plugin can not be used to connect to MySQL instances with a version earlier
than 4.1. If you want to connect to such older MySQL versions, you need to use
the MySQL L-Soft Driver Database Plugin (see below).
•
Plugin class name:
com.lsoft.lui.db.mysql.MySQLConnectorJDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: The driver is pre-installed together with LISTSERV
Maestro.
9.1.4 The MySQL L-Soft Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the MySQL database of version 3.23.42 (or later
3.23.x builds) or version 4.x. This plugin uses the L-Soft MySQL driver, which is installed
together with LISTSERV Maestro.
Note: This plugin can not be used to connect to a MySQL instance with a version of 4.1
or later. If you want to connect to such newer MySQL versions, you need to use
the MySQL ConnectorJ Driver Database Plugin (see above).
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.mysql.MySQLDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: The driver is pre-installed together with LISTSERV
Maestro.
9.1.5 The Oracle 8i, 9i, and 10g Thin Driver Database Plugin
These plugins are used for connecting to the Oracle database of version 8i, 9i, or 10g.
These plugins use the Oracle Thin driver.
Note: The newer driver for 10g may also work for 9i and 8i and is usually more efficient.
It is therefore recommended that you use the newer 10g driver even when
connecting to Oracle 9i or 8i.
•
Plugin class name:
com.lsoft.lui.db.oracle.Oracle8iThinDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver for Oracle 8i:
The driver comes in form of a file called “classes12.zip”. Simply copy this file
into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
The driver can be downloaded from the Oracle Technology Network. Look for the
releases for Oracle 8i and the classes12.zip file. License conditions from Oracle
may apply.
•
How to install the driver for Oracle 9i or 10g:
The driver comes in form of a file called “ojdbc14.jar”. Simply copy this file into
the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 96 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
The driver can be downloaded from the Oracle Technology Network. Look for the
releases for Oracle 9i (or 10g) and the ojdbc14.jar file. License conditions from
Oracle may apply.
9.1.6 The SQL Server jTDS Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the SQL Server database of version 6.5, 7.0, 2000
or 2005. This plugin uses the free open-source jTDS driver.
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.sqlserver.JTDSDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: From the binary distribution download, copy the file
“jtds-1.2.jar” into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
(At the time this document was written, version “1.2” was the most current version.
When a new version is released, the name of the jar file that needs to be copied
into the lib folder will probably change accordingly.)
The driver can be downloaded from the jTDS website: http://jtds.sourceforge.net.
License conditions may apply.
9.1.7 The SQL Server Microsoft Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the SQL Server database of version 2000 or 2005.
This plugin uses the SQL Server driver from Microsoft, which comes in two versions –
the older driver for SQL Server 2000 only and the newer driver for SQL Server 2005
(which also works with SQL Server 2000). From the two drivers, the plugin will
automatically choose the driver which is currently installed on your system. If both drivers
are installed, the plugin will choose the newer driver, which works both with SQL Server
2005 and 2000.
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.sqlserver.MSSQLDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver for SQL Server 2000: This is the older JDBC driver from
Microsoft which works with SQL Server 2000 only. The driver comes in form of a
Windows install file. Execute the install file on any computer you like. What is
important for the Maestro User Interface is not that the driver is installed on the
same computer, but that you copy the following files from the installation folder of the
driver to the installation folder of LISTSERV Maestro (shown for a default installation
of the driver):
Copy the files “msbase.jar”, “mssqlserver.jar” and “msutil.jar” from the
“lib” folder in the SQL Server JDBC-driver installation:
\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server 2000 driver for JDBC\lib
into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
The driver can be downloaded from Microsoft’s SQL Server 2000 website. License
conditions from Microsoft may apply.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 97 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
•
How to install the driver for SQL Server 2005: This is the newer JDBC driver from
Microsoft which works with SQL Server 2005 and also SQL Server 2000.
The driver comes in the form of a self-extracting *.exe file. Extract the file to a
suitable temporary location. Among the extracted files, you will find one file called
“sqljdbc.jar”. Copy this file into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro
installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
The driver can be downloaded from Microsoft’s SQL Server 2005 website. License
conditions from Microsoft may apply.
9.1.8 The SQL Server i-net SPRINTA Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to the SQL Server database of version 6.5, 7.0, 2000,
or 2005. This plugin uses the SPRINTA SQL Server driver from i-net software.
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.sqlserver.SPRINTADriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: From the SPRINTA download/installation, copy the file
“Sprinta2000.jar” (older driver versions) or “Sprinta.jar” (newer driver
versions) into the “lib” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation:
[maestro_install_folder]/lib
The driver can be purchased and downloaded from i-net software: http://
www.inetsoftware.de. License conditions from i-net software may apply.
Note: The evaluation version of this driver which is (or was at the time this was written)
available for download, contains a limitation of the number of concurrent
database connections that will make the Maestro User Interface fail during
operation. The evaluation version is therefore not supported for use with the
Maestro User Interface.
9.1.9 The ODBC Driver Database Plugin
This plugin is used for connecting to any ODBC compliant database or data source, and
uses the ODBC driver which is part of Java, which is installed together with LISTSERV
Maestro.
•
Plugin class name: com.lsoft.lui.db.odbc.ODBCDriverPlugin
•
How to install the driver: The driver is pre-installed together with LISTSERV
Maestro.
The ODBC-driver plugin is a read-only plugin. As such, it can only be used to read
recipient data or drop-in content data. It cannot be used for the system database
connection, or to create Hosted Recipient Lists. After registering this plugin it will not
appear in the list of available drivers on the system connection page in the Administration
Hub. However, it will appear in the corresponding lists of the recipient wizard, target
group wizard, and database drop-in page.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 98 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
On Windows installations, this driver is automatically installed together with LISTSERV
Maestro, so the only step required to make this plugin available for usage is to register it
as described in Section 9.2 Registering a Database Plugin.
The ODBC driver plugin operates differently when compared to the other database
plugins. The other plugins bind a specific JDBC driver to LISTSERV Maestro, allowing
access to the specific database for which the JDBC driver has been written. Database
access then goes through three layers, from the plugin into the JDBC driver and from
there into the database as shown below.
Figure 9-1 JDBC Driver Layers
Database
specific
Plugin
Database
specific
JDBC-Driver
Specific
Database
In contrast, the ODBC driver plugin has one more layer shown in 7. This plugin binds the
JDBC-ODBC bridge driver to LISTSERV Maestro, allowing access to any ODBC driver.
The plugin by itself does not define which database is accessible through it. It does
however, define that anything that has an ODBC driver available to it is accessible. The
ODBC driver for the database in question must also be supplied in addition to the plugin.
Installation of the ODBC driver depends on the system and the OS in use. Please see
the appropriate documentation for the ODBC driver and the operating system.
Database access goes through four layers starting with the ODBC plugin to the JDBCODBC bridge, to the ODBC driver, and ending with the database.
Figure 9-2 ODBC Plugin Layers
JDBC-Driver
ODBC-Plugin
(JDBC-ODBC
Bridge)
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
ODBC-Driver
for
Database A
Database A
ODBC-Driver
for
Database B
Database B
...
...
ODBC-Driver
for
Database N
Database N
Administrator’s Manual
- 99 -
Section 9
Defining External Database Connections
The performance of LISTSERV Maestro when using this driver is directly dependant on
the ODBC driver used for the database in question. Accessing a database through an
ODBC driver that is programmed inefficiently will impact the performance of LISTSERV
Maestro. For example, if the ODBC driver uses up a lot of memory when doing large
selects, LISTSERV Maestro may be subjected to a memory shortage caused by the
ODBC driver. In that case, the driver is not usable unless it can be used to make smaller
selects, or the server's memory is upgraded accordingly.
Important: Extensive testing with the ODBC driver(s) before employing in a production
setting is recommended to determine the impact on memory and CPU usage.
Tip: The term “database”, when used with ODBC, is interpreted quite broadly. ODBC
drivers for data sources, such as plain text files or if Microsoft Excel files exist,
turning them into “databases” in the sense that they can be used to create recipient
lists and drop-in content. See the L-Soft White Paper entitled Importing Data from
Microsoft Excel into LISTSERV Maestro for an example.
9.2 Registering a Database Plugin
LISTSERV Maestro uses “database plugins” to give access to different JDBC drivers
(and through them to different databases) available to the Maestro User Interface. Before
a plugin can be used, it must first be registered in the list of known plugins. Some plugins
are already pre-registered when LISTSERV Maestro is installed, while others need to be
registered after the corresponding JDBC driver has been installed.
To register a new plugin, log into the Administration Hub and click Global Component
Settings, then Maestro User Interface, and then finally Database Plugins. Click on the
[Register New Database Plugin] button. In the text box, enter the full class name of the
plugin to be registered (see Section 9.1 Available Database Plugins).
Figure 9-3 Adding a Database Plugin
Click [OK] to submit the class name. If the plugin was registered correctly, it will now
appear in the list of plugins. If there was a problem during the registration, an error
message describing the problem will appear. The most probable causes for problems are
misspellings of the class name (which is case sensitive).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 100 -
Section 10 The System Database
........................................................
ISTSERV Maestro uses a “system” database to store its working data – recipient
profiles, job ID numbers, tracking information, and so on. An “internal” database
(based on MySQL) is included as part of the application and may be used as the
system database. Using this internal database will allow the application to run “out-of-thebox”. An optional external database may be configured in place of the default internal
database if desired. Switching the system database from internal to external and vice
versa can be done at any time as long as both databases are accessible to LISTSERV
Maestro during the transfer.
L
Notes: See http://www.mysql.com for details about MySQL 4.1.7 and its features to
determine if it meets your requirements and expectations for a production database.
Reviewing the features will help you decide if you want to use the internal database
or if you prefer to install a different external system database.
The internal MySQL database is installed on the same server as the Maestro User
Interface component (if installation of MySQL was not deselected during setup). You
can find the database binaries, including the server and client tools, in this folder on
that server: [maestro_install_folder]/lui/database/bin
LISTSERV Maestro is also supports various other databases, of various versions.
•
IBM DB2 Universal Database
• V7.2
• V8.2
•
Microsoft SQL Server
• 6.5 (as user-database only)
• 7.0 (recommended as user-database only, see note below)
• 2000
• 2005
•
MySQL
• 3.23.42 and later 3.23.x builds (recommended as user-database only, see note
below)
• 4.0 (recommended as user-database only, see note below)
• 4.1
• 5.0
•
Oracle
• 8i
• 9i
• 10g
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 101 -
Section 10
The System Database
Any comparable/compatible versions should also be usable. Any versions earlier than
the ones mentioned here are not officially supported as system databases.
You can install any of these databases (or a compatible version) on the server where you
have installed the Maestro User Interface component (or on any other server that is
reachable over the network) and configure the Maestro User Interface to use this
database instead of the internal database. (Please refer to the documentation of the
database in question for details about how to install and configure the database).
Note: SQL Server 7.0, MySQL 3.23.x and MySQL 4.0 as a system database are also
supported but for backwards compatibility with existing installations only. These
versions are not recommended to be used with new installations and it is strongly
recommended to upgrade existing installations to a newer SQL Server or MySQL
version (or switch to one of the other supported databases).
10.1 Configuring the External System Database
In order to use an external database as the system database, the database must be
prepared for use with LISTSERV Maestro, and LISTSERV Maestro must be configured
to use the prepared database. LISTSERV Maestro must transfer all data from the old
database to the new database in order to switch from the internal system database to an
external database, even before LISTSERV Maestro is first used. Both databases must
be running and accessible to LISTSERV Maestro during the transfer.
Important: If one external database is being switched for another external database,
both external databases must be accessible to LISTSERV Maestro simultaneously
so that the data can be automatically transferred.
Follow these steps to configure an external database:
1. Install the DBMS and prepare the database to be used. Follow the manufacturer’s
instructions to install the DBMS. See Section 10.2 Preparing the System Database
for details on how to create and prepare the system database. Some instructions
are different depending on the DBMS in use.
2. If changing the system database for an installation that has been in use, make a
backup before making any changes so that the current data may be recovered in
case of errors. See Section 11 Saving and Restoring a Backup for more information.
3. Install the corresponding JDBC driver on the server where the Maestro User Interface (LUI) is installed. See Section 9.1 Available Database Plugins for details.
4. Register the appropriate “Plugin” in the Administration Hub (HUB) component. See
Section 9.2 Registering a Database Plugin for more information.
5. Define the System Database Connection as follows:
a. Log into the Administration Hub. Click on the Global Component
Settings icon. Next, click Maestro User Interface, and then click
System Database Connection. The System Database Connection
screen opens.
b. Select The following external database is used as the System
Database.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 102 -
Section 10
The System Database
c. Click the Database Plugin drop-down menu and select an external
database to use as the System Database.
Figure 10-1 System Database Connection Screen
d. Fill out the database connection detail fields. These fields are different for
each type of database selected.
Figure 10-2 System Database Connection Details Screen for DB2
e. Click [OK] to submit the change.
6. Shut down LISTSERV Maestro and then restart.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 103 -
Section 10
The System Database
7. Wait for the transfer of data between the two databases to be completed. Depending
on the amount of data to be transferred and other factors such as network speed
and disk I/O, this could take minutes or hours. Check the LUI logs to verify the successful completion of the transfer before proceeding to the next step. Logs are documented in Section 13 Maestro Logs. Do not shut down the server while the transfer
is taking place or you will have to restore from backup and start over.
8. If desired, delete the old LISTSERV Maestro database from the original database
application. If the default internal database was previously being used, it can be disabled to save system resources. See Section 10.4 Removing and Adding the Internal Database for further instructions.
Under normal operation, it will never be necessary to revert from an external system
database to the internal system database. However, if the need ever arises, follow these
steps to restore the internal system database:
1. If the internal database was disabled, re-enable it. See Section 10.4 Removing and
Adding the Internal Database for further instructions.
2. On the System Database Connection screen, select the Use the internal database
as the System Database option.
3. Shut down LISTSERV Maestro and then restart.
4. Wait for the transfer of data to complete before deleting the external database.
10.2 Preparing the System Database
Before the Maestro User Interface can be used together with a freshly installed system
database, the database must be prepared in certain ways. Outlined below are
explanations of the required preparation steps, followed by details specific to each of the
supported database management systems.
10.2.1 General System Database Preparation
LISTSERV Maestro must have its own database, separate from any other databases.
The database may use the same database server as another database, but must not
interact with the other databases on that server. Even if a database is created for storing
recipient information for LISTSERV Maestro or for storing LISTSERV lists, it should be a
separate database1. LISTSERV Maestro can be given access to these recipient
databases separately (see Section 9 Defining External Database Connections).
A user account must be created within the database server for LISTSERV Maestro to
access the system database. This user will then be selected from the Maestro User
Interface to connect to the database. Certain privileges are required for the user account,
as described in the DBMS-specific sections below.
The database that is used as storage for the Maestro User Interface should be configured
in a way that it allows dynamic growth because the data stored by the Maestro User
Interface grows over time. The growth rate corresponds to the number and the size of the
1.
This does not refer to the LISTSERV Maestro Data Warehouse, which stores and
manages the hosted recipient data within the System Database. Instead, if refers to any recipient
databases that were set up outside of LISTSERV Maestro (external user databases) from which
LISTSERV Maestro may retrieve recipient data for email jobs.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 104 -
Section 10
The System Database
email jobs that are delivered. Large email jobs with a high volume of collected tracking
events will use more database storage space than smaller email jobs.
Some examples of upper limits that might need to be adjusted for large volume
environments are:
User space quota – Most databases limit the amount of space that a given user may
store in the database. This limit should be set to "unlimited" or a sufficiently large value
for an organization’s database usage.
Database or tablespace size – Many database vendors, especially those supporting
larger database environments, support the sub-division of the database server in smaller
areas, sometimes called "tablespaces" or a similar term (see the database
documentation for details). Normally, each database account is assigned to one of these
areas, which is then referred to as "default tablespace" or "standard tablespace". This
part of the database should be configured in a way that it allows dynamic growth, if
possible.
Note: It is possible to use the Maestro User Interface with a database that does not
support this type of dynamic growth. To do so, an administrator should make it part
of the daily or weekly routine to check the amount of space available for the Maestro
User Interface, and then increase it manually when necessary.
File system size – Like other server applications storing persistent data on the file
system, the database storing the Maestro User Interface data must reside on a server
whose file system is monitored on a regular basis, either through automated system
administration tools or by an administrator who regularly checks the system.
Important: Deleting or archiving old jobs from LISTSERV Maestro on a regular basis will
prevent the database from becoming unnecessarily slow.
Tip: The amount of table space and file system space utilized by LISTSERV Maestro will
vary drastically based upon the particular usage of the system. Regular monitoring
of the database and disk usage are essential to ensure adequate storage space at
all times.
10.2.2 Preparing SQL Server as the System Database
In the SQL Server Management Console, create a new database for sole use by the
Maestro User Interface. Please see the SQL Server documentation for details about how
to create, configure, and optimize a database.
Important: No matter if you create a new database or use an existing one, make sure
that the database uses a case-insensitive collation. L-Soft recommends using the
Latin1_General_CI_AS collation. This means that if you want to use an existing
database, then you can only do so if this existing database already uses a caseinsensitive collation.
Once a new database has been created, create a user account that the Maestro User
Interface can use to connect to the database. Create a new user with any desired name
and give it the db_owner role for the created or selected database.
10.2.3 Preparing Oracle as the System Database
A new Oracle database for sole use by the Maestro User Interface must be created so
that it uses UTF-8 as its database character set. The database character set UTF-8 is
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 105 -
Section 10
The System Database
required and the Maestro User Interface will not work with a database that has a different
character set. (See the Oracle documentation for details).
Use an Oracle administration tool (such as SQL*Plus), to create a new user. This new
user must have the CREATE SESSION and the CREATE TABLE privilege and a
sufficiently large table space quota in the user's default table space.
The Maestro User Interface does not require unusually large rollback segments. If
duplicate elimination is performed for large email jobs, larger temporary segments are
needed as duplicate elimination is performed with a database sorting operation. See the
Oracle documentation for more details on how to configure and optimize databases.
The “maximum key length” value is a feature specific to Oracle. This value is an internal
value inherent to each Oracle installation. It is determined mainly by the block size used
by the database but may also be influenced by other factors, like the operating system.
For LISTSERV Maestro to be able to create its database table in an optimal manner, it
needs to know the maximum key length value used by the Oracle database that is used
as the system database. LISTSERV Maestro cannot query the database for this value.
The administrator has to determine the maximum key length value used internally by the
Oracle database installation and input the correct value.
If the value entered exceeds the actual maximum key length used by the database,
runtime errors could result, and LISTSERV Maestro will not work correctly. If a value that
is smaller than the actual value is entered, LISTSERV Maestro will tailor its database
tables accordingly in order to meet this smaller value. As a result, the database tables
will be created with a sub-optimal structure and the user may run into database column
size limitations, which would be avoidable if the correct maximum key length value had
been supplied on the System Database Connection Details screen.
Oracle documentation concerning which maximum key length value is used under which
circumstances is sparse. A commonly used “rule-of-thumb” value is that with a block size
of 4K, the maximum key length is 1578. With a block size of 8K, the maximum key length
is double the value of 4K, or 3156. Generally, the maximum key length seems to be about
38% - 40% of the block size. If in doubt, please consult the Oracle documentation or
contact Oracle support.
10.2.4 Preparing DB2 as the System Database
To use a DB2 database for the Maestro User Interface, verify that your selected database
supports the code set UTF-8. If this code set is not supported by your chosen database,
you need to use the DB2 Control Center application to create a new database and define
UTF-8 as the database code set.
To configure an existing database that already has the code set UTF-8, verify that at least
one user regular tablespace and one system temporary tablespace with a page size of
32K each exist. You may also need to create a buffer pool with a page size of 32K before
you can create tablespaces with 32K page size.
Then you will need to create a new database user for sole use by the Maestro User
Interface. This user must be configured to use a regular tablespace with 32K page size,
otherwise the Maestro User Interface will not work. The new user needs the Database
Administration authority for the new database. Then, adjust the database performance
parameter Application Heap Size to the highest possible value.
The further preparation steps depend on which DB2 database version you are using:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 106 -
Section 10
The System Database
•
For DB2 V8.2, it is recommended that you use the “V8.2 Thin Driver”. In this case,
no further preparation is necessary.
•
For DB2 V7.2, the only available driver is the native driver, which requires the
following additional preparation steps (the V8.2 database can also be accessed with
the native driver, however, for V8.2 the thin driver is recommended).
Note: Usage of the native driver is not recommended for the system database. It is only
still supported for backwards compatibility reasons. If you are using this driver for the
system database, it is strongly recommended that you switch to the “V8.2 Thin
Driver” instead (and upgrade to DB2 V8.2 or later, if necessary).
For the native driver, you need to create a database alias on the server that is running
the Maestro User Interface component (this is very probably not the server where the
database itself is installed!). This is done by starting the IBM DB2 Client Configuration
Assistant on this server. (This is a runtime client database tool that comes with the IBM
DB2 installation and needs to be installed on the Maestro User Interface component
server.)
In the Client Configuration Assistant, click the [Add] button to create a new alias. Select
the Search the network option and continue with the wizard.
For more details about IBM DB2 database administration and the definition of database
aliases, see your IBM DB2 documentation.
Note: The name of this alias is the value for the "Database name" parameter of the IBM
DB2 database plugin that comes with the Maestro User Interface.
10.2.5 Preparing MySQL as the System Database
LISTSERV Maestro supports the older 3.23.x versions of MySQL (with 3.23.42 being the
oldest officially supported build), as well as the current 4.0, 4.1 and 5.0 versions (5.0
being the most recent one at the time this was written). However, even though the older
builds are supported, if you want to use MySQL as the system database, 4.1.7 or later is
recommended.
To use the Maestro User Interface with MySQL, set up MySQL to use the InnoDB Tables
table type (see the MySQL manual for more details). This table type supports
transactions, and the Maestro User Interface requires a table type that supports
transactions. Recent versions of MySQL (for example, version 4.1.7) come with a
MySQL Server Instance Config wizard that lets the user specify settings for the database
server. These settings will automatically be written to the MySQL configuration file.
Within the configuration wizard, specify a database usage type that enables the
transactional InnoDB storage engine. If no configuration wizard is available for your
MySQL version, the InnoDB storage engine must be enabled manually in the
configuration file. See the MySQL manual for more details.
In MySQL versions 3.23.50 and later, the InnoDB tablespace files can be configured to
be “auto-extending”, i.e., they will grow automatically as needed. (This is the default
when using the configuration wizard; otherwise, the auto-extend option should be
manually specified in the configuration file.) For sites running earlier versions of MySQL,
the InnoDB data files and log files must be created with sufficient size to accommodate
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 107 -
Section 10
The System Database
the planned usage of LISTSERV Maestro. The database administrator should monitor
the remaining capacity of the tablespace regularly and extend it as necessary.
After the MySQL database server is set up to use the InnoDB table type, create a new
database specifically for use with the Maestro User Interface. Create a user to use with
LISTSERV Maestro.
To connect to the database, start the MySQL client program mysql.exe from the bin
folder of the MySQL binary installation (on Linux/Solaris, the client program is mysql.)
To create a new database, enter the following command in the MySQL client: create
database DBNAME; where DBNAME is replaced with the name of the database. Grant
privileges by entering the following grant command for the username: grant all on
DBNAME.* to [email protected] identified by 'PASSWORD'; where the uppercase
values are replaced as follows:
• DBNAME: The name of the database to be used with the Maestro User Interface.
(This is usually the same name used in the “create database” command; see
above. It is recommended that you use an all-lowercase spelling for the database
name.)
•
NAME: The user name of the user to be created and granted privileges.
•
HOST: The host name of the server where the Maestro User Interface is running that
will access this database.
•
PASSWORD: The password associated with the user name.
Using “grant all” as described above grants all privileges on the given database to
the given user. This is usually acceptable if the particular database was created
specifically for use with the Maestro User Interface. However, if there is concern about
granting the full set of privileges to the user, use the following privilege list instead of
“all”:
select, insert, update, delete, index, create, drop
10.3 General Optimization Hints for the System Database
The following general information about how the Maestro User Interface uses the
database can help optimize the database installation for use with the Maestro User
Interface.
• The Maestro User Interface does not use large transactions. Any transactions that
are opened are then closed after a maximum of a few hundred inserts or updates.
•
During normal usage, the Maestro User Interface behaves with OLTP (online
transaction processing) characteristics. There is a constant switch between read
and write on the database. However, if there are many reports running on the
collected tracking data, the characteristics of the Maestro User Interface’s behavior
shift more and more into OLAP (online analytical processing), where the amount of
(complex) reads outnumbers the amount of writes.
Use this information to optimize the database after analyzing the usage of the Maestro
User Interface to determine if it is working more with OLTP or OLAP characteristics.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 108 -
Section 10
The System Database
10.4 Removing and Adding the Internal Database
If you connect the Maestro User Interface to an external database, there is no longer a
need for the internal MySQL database to run together with LISTSERV Maestro. To
reduce the resource usage of LISTSERV Maestro, disable the internal database after
configuring the Maestro User Interface to use an external database.
To uninstall the internal database, you’ll need to run the LISTSERV Maestro Setup
wizard on the server where the Maestro User Interface component is installed. (See the
Installation Manual for further information.) Once you start the Setup wizard, simply
modify the installation and deselect the Internal MySQL database component. Leave
the other components as they were. The Setup wizard will automatically uninstall the
internal database.
Important: After the internal database is disabled, it is no longer possible to select the
Use the internal database as the System Database option on the System
Database Connection screen of the Maestro User Interface (see Figure 57 System
Database Connection Screen5). If this choice is selected by mistake, and LISTSERV
Maestro is restarted with no external database configured, the Maestro User
Interface component will not start, as it will not be able to find the now disabled
instance of the internal database. If, at a later point, the internal database is desired,
it must be re-installed.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 109 -
Section 10
The System Database
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 110 -
Section 11 Saving and Restoring a Backup
........................................................
t is a standard best practice for any administrator to make regular backups of critical
software and data. LISTSERV Maestro archives a consistent backup of the data
collected in the application so that it can be restored in the event of a system failure.
LISTSERV Maestro gives the Administration Hub component the responsibility of acting
as backup master to avoid any problems that might arise from having different
components that store data independently and reside on different servers. If different
components initiate backups at different times, inconsistent data sets between
components can result. If both backups were then to be restored, the data sets would be
inconsistent, invalidating the backup.
The Administration Hub will centrally trigger a backup on all connected components
(including itself) in order that the backup data saved by each component is consistent
with the backup data of all other components. This backup is initiated based on the
values entered in the Global Component settings for the Administration Hub.
If regular backups are performed through LISTSERV Maestro, no external backups of the
Maestro database are necessary. In the event of a system crash, the data stored in the
Maestro database would not be sufficient to restore the Maestro application, as the data
would not be synchronized with Maestro’s internal registry. Restoring LISTSERV
Maestro can only be done from a complete backup initiated from within LISTSERV
Maestro. Performing an external backup of the Maestro database serves no useful
purpose and may even cause problems when Maestro attempts to access a database
that is in backup mode.
The backup procedures described here are specifically for LISTSERV Maestro. If there
are other databases on the same server as the LISTSERV Maestro database, they
should be backed up separately.
Note: The procedures described here refer only to the three Maestro components –
HUB, LUI, and TRK. If other elements are located within the LISTSERV Maestro
tree (i.e. the LISTSERV web interface files or independent Web pages served up
by Tomcat), then these must be backed up and restored independently.
I
11.1 Configuring the Backup Time
The application wide backup is triggered once per day. Each day at a certain time, the
Administration Hub (backup master) will start a backup of each component. To assign
backup settings, click the Global Component Setting icon, then Administration Hub,
and finally General Administration. In the Time for daily backup field, set the time to
start the backup master by entering the desired time of the daily backup in the form of
hh:mm with values from 00:00 to 23:59.
There may be times when it is necessary to create a backup immediately; for example,
just before any invasive procedure such as moving a component or applying a patch, or
in the case of an emergency. To perform a backup immediately, click the [Execute
Backup Now] button. Click [OK] to save settings and return to the Administer
Component Settings screen.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 109 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
Note: The [Create Test-Bed Backup] button should not be used for regular backups.
Its use is documented in Section 12 Using a Test-Bed Backup.
Figure 11-1 The General Component Settings for Administration Hub Screen
11.2 Configuring External Post-Backup Processes
The administrator may define external processes that will be executed after a backup is
completed. External processes may be used to execute additional backup tasks such as
automatically moving the backup folders to a tape, copying backup folders to a network
drive, notifying the administrator by email if the backup was unsuccessful, and so on. Two
different external processes can be defined, one to be executed after a successful
backup and one after a backup failure.
Each process is specified in form of an external command that is executed by the
Administration Hub when the backup completes. If it is necessary to execute more than
one command, they can be written into a batch file (Windows) or shell script file (Unix/
Linux). If this is the case, the name of that batch/script file is entered as the external
command to be executed (with all necessary parameters). The administrator may also
specify the work folder for the commands (same folder for both commands).
Clicking Test, located next to each command box, executes the command for testing. A
new window will pop up that shows the output of the command. In this window, the
external process can be stopped, if necessary. Closing the window before the process
terminates, will not stop the process. To view the output of the test process again (if it is
still running), or to terminate it (if it does not terminate by itself), access the process by
using the View list of currently active "after backup" processes link.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 110 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
Note: Commands must not define external processes that run indefinitely. Each external
process should terminate itself when it has completed the action. Processes that
run continuously slow the server down and will cause a crash because each time
a backup finishes, a new process will be started, tying up more system resources.
If several external processes are running using a batch/script file, make sure that all
processes started by the batch/script file terminate themselves at some point. If an
external process that does not terminate itself is started, (because of a defect in the
external process, or by mistake) click on the View list of currently active "after
backup" processes link.
This screen displays a list of all currently active external processes started by the
Administration Hub, either as an actual "after backup" process that was started when a
backup was completed, or because the administrator clicked on one of the Test links.
Only processes that are still running are shown in this list. Each process is shown with
the date and time it was started, the command that was used to start it, and a link that
opens a pop-up window. The pop-up window continuously shows the output of the
external process (if any) and allows for the termination of that process while it is still
running.
If any of the command fields are left empty, no external process will be started at the
corresponding "after backup" condition. If the work folder is left empty, then the
application home folder of the Administration Hub will be used as the work folder.
11.3 Configuring the Backup Location
Each component has a backup location. This is necessary because the components may
reside on different servers. The backup default location is the backup folder, which
is in the home folder of the component in question (for example “\Program Files\LSoft\Application Server\lui”).
It is possible to use a different folder if desired. The folder configured may be either an
absolute path, such as “C:\MyFolder\backup”, or a relative path, such as
“myFolder\backup”, which is then interpreted as being relative to the home folder of
the component. Enter the path name in the Backup folder field at each of the following
locations:
• For the Administration Hub component, click the Global Component Setting icon,
then Administration Hub, and finally General Administration. The General
Component Settings for Administration Hub screen opens.
•
For the Maestro User Interface component, click the Global Component Setting
icon, then Maestro User Interface, and finally General Administration. The
General Administration of Maestro User Interface screen opens.
•
For the Maestro Tracker component, click the Global Component Setting icon,
and then Maestro Tracker. The General Component Setting for Maestro Tracker
screen open.
Important: Do not configure different components to save backups into the same folder.
Doing so may cause backups from one component to over-write backups from
another, resulting in data loss. Each component must have its own dedicated
backup folder.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 111 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
11.4 Configuring the Backup History
To lessen the risk of restoring a backup containing corrupted data, LISTSERV Maestro
provides the opportunity for administrators to create a backup history. Each time a new
backup is made, it is saved into the backup folder configured for the component (see
Section 11.3 Configuring the Backup Location).
If the component is also configured to keep a number of previous backups, then the
folders containing the older backups will be kept under names like “NAME1”, “NAME2” …
“NAMEn”, where “NAME” is the name of the standard backup folder and “n” is the number
of previous backups that the component is set to keep.
For example, if a component is configured to keep three previous backups, then the
backup history of each day will look like this:
Table 11-1 Backup History
Day 1
backup – contains backup of day 1
Day 2
backup – contains backup of day 2
backup1 – contains backup of day 1
Day 3
backup – contains backup of day 3
backup1 – contains backup of day 2
backup2 – contains backup of day 1
Day 4
backup – contains backup of day 4
backup1 – contains backup of day 3
backup2 – contains backup of day 2
backup3 – contains backup of day 1
Day 5
backup – contains backup of day 5
backup1 – contains backup of day 4
backup2 – contains backup of day 3
backup3 – contains backup of day 2
Keeping a backup history can help ensure against corrupted backup data. However, as
the amount of application data grows, it may not be possible to keep many old backups,
which take up space on the disk. In addition, keeping older backups on the same disk
does not ensure against failure of the disk itself (head crash for example). Always save
the backup to an external backup medium as described in Section 11.5 Saving a Backup
to an External Medium.
Note: If daily backups are saved to an external medium routinely, it is acceptable to set
the number of old backups to “0”.
11.5 Saving a Backup to an External Medium
Once LISTSERV Maestro has completed its backup, the configured backup folder of
each component contains the data that is required to restore this component to the state
of the moment when the backup was triggered. To prevent catastrophic loss of data, save
these folders to an external backup medium (e.g. a backup tape or storage device).
To avoid a potential partial backup problem, either use the automatically triggered
external post-backup process, outlined in Section 11.2 Configuring External PostBackup Processes, to ensure that the backup tool does not start its work until after the
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 112 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
completion of the internal backup (recommended), or use whatever standard backup tool
is used by the organization to configure a daily backup of the designated folders.
Schedule this daily backup to occur after the time when the Administration Hub itself
completes the backup of each component. There should be a enough time between the
backup triggered inside of LISTSERV Maestro and the backup to the external medium
triggered by the backup tool to ensure that all components have enough time to complete
their backups. Otherwise, partial data would be backed up to the external medium.
For small installations, the backup inside LISTSERV Maestro will not take more than a
few minutes. However, as the data in the LISTSERV Maestro installation accumulates
over time, backup naturally will take longer. If post-backup triggers are not being used,
periodically check the backup logs to see how long the backup actually takes and
schedule the external backup accordingly, at a safe time after the LISTSERV Maestro
backup is completed.
Remember that the external post-backup command or backup tool must be configured
such that it backs up all backup folders of all components. A LISTSERV Maestro
installation will have three backups to save to an external medium, one for the
Administration Hub, one for the Maestro User Interface, and one for Maestro Tracker.
These folders may also reside on different servers, depending on the installation.
11.6 Identifying the Backup: The Backup ID
Because the LISTSERV Maestro components store their backup data into separate
folders, it is necessary to know which of the folders belong together, in case a backup
history is kept or it is necessary to retrieve a backup from an external medium. This is
done using the backup ID. Each backup gets a unique ID that is shared by all
components participating in the backup. Each component also writes a “readme.txt”
file into the backup folder. Stored in this text file is the ID of the backup that saved the
data in the particular backup folder, together with output about backup start time, end
time and its success or error state.
11.7 Restoring a Backup
In the unfortunate event of having to restore a backup, follow the procedure described in
this section. Several steps need to be executed to restore a backup successfully. Please
review each step carefully. Some steps have lengthy descriptions or sub-steps. Do not
skip steps or do them out of order, or the restoration will not succeed.
1. Identify the backup that is to be restored.
This usually is the most recent backup, but it also must be a successful backup. If
there were errors during the most recent backup, revert to the next most recent
backup, which may have to be retrieved from an external medium. To find out if a
backup was successful check the backup log in the folder:
[maestro_install_folder]/hub/logs
For each backup triggered by the Administration Hub, a report named
“backupReport_ID.txt”, where “ID” is replaced with the ID of the backup in question,
is saved into this folder. The IDs are assigned in alphanumeric order; the most
recent backups have higher order IDs (in an alphanumeric sense). Use the file date
of the report file to locate the most recent backup. If the backup was successful, an
entry like this will appear at the end of the file:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 113 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
“The backup was completed successfully
Final completion date: <date here>”
If the backup was unsuccessful for any reason, then the report will contain entries
detailing the errors that occurred.
If the logs folder cannot be accessed, (because a disk crash destroyed the disk of
the Administration Hub installation, for example) it is still possible to locate the most
recent successful backup by opening the readme.txt file in the backup folder of
each component. The readme.txt file lists the backup ID and the success state of
that particular backup. If no errors are reported in that file, then the backup of this
component was successful. If successful backups with the same ID of all the other
components are located, then a complete and successful backup set exists and can
be restored.
2. Find the backup folders from all components that belong to the same backup
set.
Once the backup to be restored has been identified and the backup ID is
determined, the next step is to find all the backup folders of the individual
components that contain data for this backup. Check the readme.txt in the
backup folder of each component. If it contains the same ID, the right backup folder
for this component has been located.
3. If necessary, make a fresh installation of all components.
If the original system is still in working order and the purpose of the backup
restoration is simply to restore a previous state of the application user data (for
example if the application user data was corrupted, or if some LISTSERV Maestro
objects, like a mail job or hosted recipient data, were accidentally deleted), then it is
not necessary to do a reinstallation of the application. In this case, simply proceed
with the next step.
If the original system was destroyed (for example by a disk crash) or generally
damaged (where it is not clear if the damage is limited to the application user data or
may also have affected the application binaries), then you will need to do a fresh
installation (this also includes uninstalling the old files, unless you start from scratch
on a new system). If you do this, install the components on the servers where you
need them. After the re-install, do not start the components. Instead proceed as
described in the next step.
Note: If LISTSERV Web Interface files and/or other non-Maestro files are maintained
within the Maestro application folder tree, then care should be taken to preserve
them, if possible, before wiping out the old installation.
4. Restore all three components.
To restore the Administration Hub:
Remove the existing versions of the file “hub.ini” and the folders “accountreg”
and “hubreg”, including their contents, from the Administration Hub home folder:
[maestro_install_folder]/hub
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 114 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
Replace them with the versions from the backup folder of the Administration Hub
component that was saved in step 3.
To restore the Maestro User Interface:
Remove the existing versions of the files “lui.ini” and the folders “luidata” and
“registry”, including their contents, from the Maestro User Interface home folder:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui
Replace them with the versions from the backup folder of the Maestro User Interface
component that was saved in step 3.
Important: If the backup is from a LISTSERV Maestro version earlier than 2.1, the
backup may also contain a file called “my.ini”. This file is no longer required by
LISTSERV Maestro 2.1 and should not be restored from the backup.
Next, use a text editor (i.e. Notepad on Windows) to add a new entry into the
“lui.ini” file like the example below:
RestoreBackup=path_to_backup_folder
The “path_to_backup_folder” is replaced with the path name that leads to
the backup folder from which the files and folders, as described above, were
copied.
This path name may either be a full path name including drive letter, or it
may be an absolute path without drive letter starting with “\” or “/”, which is
then interpreted as being absolute on the drive/root where the application
server is installed (for example, in the default case for Windows, the same
drive where “\Program Files\L-Soft\Application Server” is
located). Or a relative path without a driver letter may be used, and not
starting with either “\” or “/”, which is then interpreted as being relative to the
home folder of the Maestro User Interface component (for example, in the
default case for Windows, that would be the folder “\Program Files\LSoft\Application Server\lui”).
Forward slashes “/” or backslashes “\” may be used as the filename
separator. However, if backslashes are used, then use double backslashes.
Example, either write:
C:/Sample/MyFolder/backup
– or –
C:\\Sample\\MyFolder\\backup
This entry to the “lui.ini” file will be automatically removed during the first
startup of the component. It is only present to signal to the component that it
should restore all required data from the given folder, which happens
automatically during the next startup, whenever this INI file entry is present.
For more information on editing INI files, see Section 20 Editing LISTSERV
Maestro INI Files.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 115 -
Section 11
Saving and Restoring a Backup
To restore Maestro Tracker:
Remove the entire data folder from the Maestro Tracker home folder:
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/data
Replace it with the version from the backup folder of the Maestro Tracker
component. Also remove the tracker.ini file in the Maestro Tracker home folder,
and then replace it with the same file from the backup folder.
Note: If the backup is from a LISTSERV Maestro version earlier than 2.0-4, then the
backup may contain several *.dat files instead of a single data subfolder,
which was introduced in 2.0-4. In this case, restore the backup as follows:
Remove all *.dat files from the data folder inside of the Maestro Tracker home
folder:
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/data
Replace them with the *.dat files from the backup folder of the Maestro
Tracker component.
5. Edit respective INI files, if necessary.
If components are being restored on different servers or a different combination of
servers than where the original backup was taken from, it may be necessary to edit
the respective “*.ini” files of the components. This would include restoring a
backup to a server with a different name, using a different port number, or changing
how the components are grouped on a server or servers. For example, if
components that were all originally on the same server are moving to different
servers, or taking components that were originally on different servers and moving
them to the same server.
If LISTSERV Maestro is using a default internal MySQL database that has
undergone modifications or optimizations to its configuration (because of changes
made through the MySQL configuration tools or by manual edits to the “my.ini” file
in the “lui\database” folder), those modifications must be re-applied. The freshly
installed LISTSERV Maestro contains an internal database with the default
configuration.
6. Restore other files, if necessary.
If LISTSERV Web Interface files or any other non-Maestro files were stored in the
Maestro folder tree, then restore them to their proper location.
7. Start all components.
During startup, the system database content will be restored from the backup folder.
Monitor the log files of the components to check if they start up correctly. If yes, the
backup restoration is complete. If any component does not start up correctly, this
may be because of differences in the configuration of the backed up system and the
restored system. In that case, it may be necessary to adjust further INI file settings
(see previous step) or to log into the Administration Hub and configure the
necessary settings accordingly. Then restart and again monitor the startup log
entries. If necessary, repeat this until the system starts up normally.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 116 -
Section 12 Using a Test-Bed Backup
........................................................
I
n certain situations it may be useful to make a copy of all the data in a given
LISTSERV Maestro installation and transfer it into a second (test-bed) installation
without affecting the production installation.
Here are a few situations where such a test-bed installation might be needed:
•
Testing a software upgrade – If the production LISTSERV Maestro installation has
a high-availability requirement, then it is prudent to upgrade a test server first to
make sure the upgrade will not result in unanticipated down-time of your production
system. L-Soft performs thorough testing before releasing new versions, but it is not
always feasible to test every possible situation. To make sure the upgrade process
will work flawlessly with your data, you can set up a “test-bed” server with your
production data and perform the upgrade there first. If any errors result, these can
be addressed by L-Soft support before you upgrade your production server.
•
Beta testing – If you are participating in a beta-test of an upcoming version of
LISTSERV Maestro, then you may want to test the new features using your
production data, but without running beta software in production. By beta-testing in
an environment identical to your production environment and using your production
data, you can ensure that there won’t be any issues specific to your installation
when the product is released. By trying out the new features with your production
data, you can anticipate how you might use those features in production and even
suggest improvements to the developers so that the new features really meet your
needs. It is much easier to discover such opportunities for improvement when
working with real data and realistic scenarios than when using test data and test
scenarios.
•
Training – If you are conducting training (or hiring L-Soft to conduct training at your
site) in LISTSERV Maestro for your users, then it may be helpful to conduct the
training using real data and realistic scenarios.
In order to create a Test-bed backup, you cannot simply trigger a regular backup on the
original system, and then restore this backup into the test system. Doing so has several
pitfalls which could, in a worst case scenario, destroy some of the data in the original
production system.
Some of the possible pitfalls of using a regular backup to create a test-bed are:
•
If, at the moment the backup is triggered, the original system contains a mail job in
the Outbox and it’s scheduled for delivery, and this backup is restored into the
second system, and the scheduled delivery time arrives, then the second system
would actually send out the job to the given recipients.
•
And since the job is a copy of a real job on the production server, with real
recipients, this mailing from the test system would go out to these real recipients. At
the same time, since the same job also still exists on the production server, it will be
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 117 -
Section 12
Using a Test-Bed Backup
mailed out from there. As a result, the recipients will actually get two copies of the
same mailing.
•
If the production server installation is distributed over several servers (for example
where LUI is installed on one server and TRK is installed on another server), then
the information about how the components are distributed will also be contained in
the backup data. Then, you would have to be very careful when restoring this
backup into the test server so that you do not accidentally end up, for example,
connecting the test server LUI with the TRK of the original production system (or
vice versa).
•
If the production server installation uses an external system database, then the
connection information for this external database is also stored in the backup data.
This means that, during the backup restoration, this information will also be restored
to the test server. Because of this, the test server will try to connect to the same
external database (and use it as its system database) as the production server. At
worst, the test server could then delete or change data belonging to the production
system!
Because of these pitfalls, it is generally not advisable to restore a backup of an existing
and running system into a different system. Therefore, the idea of restoring a backup
from the original server to the test server is not a good idea.
To solve this problem, LISTSERV Maestro offers the Test-Bed Backup feature. A testbed backup is similar to a normal backup of a system, meaning it contains all the system
data (all user accounts, jobs, reports, tracking information, hosted recipient data, etc.).
However, all the critical aspects of the data, like information about distributed
components, connection information for external databases, scheduled jobs in the
outbox, etc. have been changed by the system (when the data was written to the testbed backup) so that they no longer pose a risk when the test-bed backup is restored to
a test server. Simply put, a test-bed backup is as close a copy to the data of the original
system as possible, but with all the critical information removed or changed.
Information that is removed or changed includes:
•
Component distribution information. If the original system was distributed over
several servers, then the test-bed backup is no longer aware of this and assumes
that all components are on the same server (i.e. the “localhost”).
•
External database information. If the original system used an external system
databases, then the test-bed backup is no longer aware of this and assumes that the
internal system database is used.
•
Instance-ID information. The test-backup backup does not contain the original
system’s instance ID. This means that during the first start of the test server, it will
generate its own instance IDs.
•
LISTSERV connection host information. The test-bed backup does not contain
information about which LISTSERV host to use; therefore, this information needs to
be added manually (via the Administration Hub) after the test-bed backup has been
restored to a test server. This allows the test server to connect to a different
instance, if desired.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 118 -
Section 12
Using a Test-Bed Backup
•
Tracking host information. The test-bed backup does not contain information
about which tracking host name to use; therefore, this information needs to be
added manually (via the Administration Hub) after the test-bed backup has been
restored to a test server.
•
Scheduled jobs. The outbox send queue option in the test-bed backup is set to
Sending is disabled. This means that any queued jobs in the Outbox are not
automatically delivered by the server into which the test-bed backup is restored. If
you need to send any jobs on the test server, then it is therefore necessary to reenable the Outbox (via the Administration Hub) on the test server. However, before
re-enabling the Outbox, make sure to check it for any production jobs still left in it. If
there are any left, then delete or revoke those jobs to stop them from being delivered
when the Outbox is re-enabled.
With the risky information being removed or reset to appropriate defaults, it is safe to
restore the test-bed backup to a test server without the risk of damaging or impacting the
production server.
The following sections describe how a test-bed backup can be created on an original
system and how it must be restored into a test system.
12.1 Creating a Test-Bed Backup on the Original System
To create a test-bed backup on the original system, log into the Administration Hub of the
original installation. Click the Global Component Setting icon, then Administration
Hub, and finally General Administration. From the General Components Settings for
Administration Hub screen, click the [Create Test-Bed Backup] button.
Once triggered, the test-bed backup proceeds just like a normal backup, with just a few
differences:
•
The folders where the backup data is stored are always the following three folders:
• For the HUB component: [install_folder]/hub/test-bed_backup
• For the LUI component: [install_folder]/lui/test-bed_backup
• For the TRK component: [install_folder]/trk/test-bed_backup
The backup is always written to a folder called “test-bed_backup” inside of the
home folder of each of the three components (on their respective server, if the
components are installed on different servers).
•
Just like with a normal backup, a test-bed backup consists of the backups of all
three components, i.e. a complete test-bed backup encompasses all three of the
above folders.
For each test-bed backup that is created, a backup report is written to the log folder
of the Administration Hub component (“[install_folder]/hub/logs”), just like
for a normal backup. The content of this report is also very similar to a normal
backup report, only that it clearly states that this backup is a test-bed backup (and
thus contains data which has been changed slightly, in comparison to the original
data).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 119 -
Section 12
Using a Test-Bed Backup
•
Similarly to a normal backup, a test-bed backup is only valid (i.e. contains complete
and restorable data) if the last line of the report reads:
The test-bed-backup was completed successfully
If you do not see this line, then the backup was not successful and should not be
used during the restore step described in the next section.
12.2 Restoring a Test-Bed Backup into the Test System
A test-bed backup is restored exactly like a normal backup; see Section 11 Saving and
Restoring a Backup for more information.
Just like a normal backup, it is important to restore all three components and also to make
sure that the backup data for each component was written by the same backup (or testbed backup in this case). As with a regular backup, this verification is done by verifying
the backup ID (Test-Bed-Backup-ID) in the three backup parts.
The test-bed backup is not restored on the original system where it was created; instead,
it is restored on a different system or the “test server” system. It is also important to know
that a test-bed backup must only be restored to a test server that was installed on a single
server, including the internal database. A test server must meet the following
requirements:
•
All three components (HUB, LUI and TRK) are installed on the same server.
•
The internal MySQL database is also installed and used as the system database.
These requirements are easily met by installing a fresh installation of LISTSERV Maestro
on the test server, and then selecting all three components, plus the internal system
database, when running the Setup wizard (or using the Express Setup option in the
Suite Installation Kit for Windows).
Once you have such a test server system and have also identified the test-bed backup
you want to restore, then you can restore it by following the normal backup restoration
steps.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 120 -
Section 13 Maestro Logs
........................................................
L
ISTSERV Maestro log files are located in two places. Log files having to do with
specific LISTSERV Maestro components are kept in a directory configured like the
example below:
x:\Program Files\L-Soft\Application Server\XXX\log
“x:” is the drive where LISTSERV Maestro is installed and “XXX” is the component, either
HUB, LUI, or TRK.
Log files for third party components like Tomcat are kept in a directory configured like the
example below:
x:\Program Files\L-Soft\Application Server\logs
”x:” is the drive where Maestro is installed.
13.1 Remote Log Access
The three main LISTSERV Maestro components all write their own log files. These files
can be found in the logs subfolder of each component’s home folder inside of the
Application Server installation folder. In some situations, the Maestro administrator
may not have access to these folders, but still needs to access the log files. To solve this,
LISTSERV Maestro offers remote log file access. The remote access allows the Maestro
administrator to download the log files from the server through a web browser.
Before accessing the log files of a component, configure the component for remote log
access. To do so, edit the INI file of the component and add the following entry:
RemoteAdminPassword=PASSWORD
Replace PASSWORD with a password known only to authorized administrators. For
security reasons, do not use the normal admin password from the Administration Hub.
Because this password will later be used as a parameter in a URL, use only URL-safe
characters in the password (alphanumeric characters).
Remember; add this entry to each component’s INI file; to lui.ini, hub.ini and
tracker.ini. For information on how to edit INI files, see Section 20 Editing
LISTSERV Maestro INI Files. If the entry is not added to one of the INI files, then it will
not be possible to access the log files of that component, but it will still be possible to
access logs of the other components where the entry has been added. To disable remote
log access, simply remove the entry from the INI file(s) or comment it out. Whenever this
entry is changed, the change will be effective immediately – The component will not have
to restart.
Once the component(s) have been configured for remote log access, access their log
files from any web browser on any computer that has HTTP access to the particular
component. The only requirements for access are the PASSWORD configured in the INI
file(s) and the date of the log file to access.
•
To download a Maestro User Interface log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/lui/downloadLog?pw=PASSWORD&day=DATE
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 121 -
Section 13
Maestro Logs
•
To download an Administration Hub log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/hub/downloadLog?pw=PASSWORD&day=DATE
•
To download a Maestro Tracker log file, access the following URL:
http://HOST:PORT/trk/downloadLog?pw=PASSWORD&day=DATE
Replace HOST with the host name of the server running the component to be accessed,
PORT with the HTTP port on that server (:PORT can be left out if the HTTP-port is 80),
PASSWORD with the password configured in the INI file, and DATE with the date of the day
of the log file to download. The date is formatted as YYYYMMDD, where YYYY is the year
with 4 digits, MM is the month with 2 digits and DD is the day of the month with 2 digits.
13.2 Subscriber Activity Change Log
LISTSERV Maestro offers the option of keeping a change log of all subscriber activities
(i.e. a log of all subscribe, unsubscribe, join, un-register, and address-change activities
of subscribers and members of hosted lists and datasets). By default, the subscriber
change log is deactivated.
The change log is activated with the following entry in the lui.ini:
ChangeLog=true
Optionally, a change log time period can be specified to determine how often a new
change log is started. Possible time periods are daily, weekly, monthly, and
yearly. The time period is specified after the keyword true in the INI-file, separated
with a comma, similar to this example:
ChangeLog=true,daily
If no time period is specified, the default weekly will be used. This means that:
ChangeLog=true
is equivalent to
ChangeLog=true,weekly
Notes: The keywords are not case sensitive, meaning that you could also type
True,Yearly or TRUE,MONTHLY.
If any other value than true is specified, then the change log is deactivated.
Therefore, you can temporarily deactivate the change log either by commenting
out the ChangeLog line, or by changing the value true to something else, for
example:
ChangeLog=false,daily
Each line in the change log corresponds to one subscriber or member activity. Each line
is prefixed with the date and time of the activity, followed by a three letter activity code
and activity details. The following activities are logged:
•
NEW D dataset_id email_address ip_address
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 122 -
Section 13
Maestro Logs
Logged when a new dataset member was added to a dataset:
• dataset_id – The ID of the dataset (an integer number).
• email_address – The email address of the new member.
• ip_address – Appears only if the new member was added because of an
active join by an actual user; in which case, the user’s IP-address is logged. If
the new member was added by the LISTSERV Maestro data admin, then no
IP-address is logged.
•
DEL D dataset_id email_address ip_address
Logged when a dataset member was deleted from a dataset:
• dataset_id – The ID of the dataset (an integer number).
• email_address – The email address of the member that was deleted.
• ip_address – Appears only if the member was deleted because of an active
un-register by the actual user; in which case, the user’s IP-address is logged. If
the member was deleted by the LISTSERV Maestro data admin, then no IPaddress is logged.
•
ADR D dataset_id old_email_address new_email_address
ip_address
Logged when a dataset member’s email address was changed:
• dataset_id – The ID of the dataset (an integer number).
• old_email_address – The old email address of the member.
• new_email_address – The new email address of the member.
• ip_address – Appears only if the member’s address was changed because
of an active change by the actual user; in which case, the user’s IP-address is
logged. If the member’s address was changed by the LISTSERV Maestro data
admin, then no IP-address is logged.
•
NEW L dataset_id list_id email_address ip_address
Logged when a new subscriber was added to a list:
• dataset_id – The ID of the dataset the list belongs to (an integer number).
• list_id – The ID of the list (an integer number).
• email_address – The email address of the new subscriber.
• ip_address – Appears only if the new subscriber was added because of an
active subscribe by an actual user; in which case, the user’s IP-address is
logged. If the new subscriber was added by the LISTSERV Maestro data
admin, then no IP-address is logged.
•
DEL L dataset_id list_id email_address ip_address
Logged when a subscriber was deleted from a list:
• dataset_id – The ID of the dataset the list belongs to (an integer number).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 123 -
Section 13
Maestro Logs
• list_id – The ID of the list (an integer number).
• email_address – The email address of the subscriber that was deleted.
• ip_address – Appears only if the subscriber was deleted because of an
active unsubscribe by the actual user, in which case the user’s IP-address is
logged. If the member was deleted by the LISTSERV Maestro data admin, then
no IP-address is logged.
Notes: If the list is a hosted LISTSERV list and the user unsubscribed from the list by
sending an “unsubscribe” email to LISTSERV, then the address “0.0.0.0” is
logged, since the real IP-address of the user it not known in this context.
In addition to the above entries, the system also writes marker entries to the
change log whenever a backup is performed (i.e. automatically once a day) or
restored (i.e. when a backup-restore is initiated by the administrator).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 124 -
Section 14 Using Non-Standard Ports
........................................................
he components of LISTSERV Maestro use a number of ports to communicate with
each other and with the external world. The ports used are standard ports and will
work well under most circumstances. Under certain conditions, it may be desirable
to change one or several of the ports to other ports – for example, if another application
installed on the same server already uses one of the ports LISTSERV Maestro is set to
use. Changing ports may require editing certain INI files. For more information on editing
LISTSERV Maestro INI files, see Section 20 Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files.
T
14.1 Ports Used by LISTSERV Maestro
This list contains the individual ports used (by default) by each of the LISTSERV Maestro
components.
14.1.1 Ports used by the Administration Hub
The Administration Hub uses three different ports:
•
For HTTP access to the Administration Hub user interface (using a web browser),
the Administration Hub uses the standard HTTP port 80 (or 443 for HTTPS).
•
For internal communication with the other components, the Administration Hub uses
port 1099.
•
For shutdown of the application server, the Administration Hub uses port 8007.
14.1.2 Ports used by the Maestro User Interface
The Maestro User Interface uses four different ports:
•
For HTTP access to the Maestro User Interface (using a web browser), the Maestro
User Interface uses the standard HTTP port 80 (or 443 for HTTPS).
•
For internal communication with the Administration Hub, the Maestro User Interface
uses port 1099.
•
For the internal database connection, the Maestro User Interface uses port 3306.
•
For shutdown of the application server, the Maestro User Interface uses port 8007.
14.1.3 Ports used by Maestro Tracker
Maestro Tracker uses four different ports:
•
To collect the tracking events from mailings sent with the Maestro User Interface,
Maestro Tracker uses the standard HTTP port 80 (you cannot use HTTPS for
Tracker).
•
For internal communication with the Administration Hub, the Maestro User Interface
uses port 1099.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 125 -
Section 14
Using Non-Standard Ports
•
To transfer the tracking events to the Maestro User Interface, Maestro Tracker, uses
port 7000.
•
For shutdown of the application server, Maestro Tracker uses port 8007.
14.2 Configuring Port Usage
If any of the ports described in the previous sections are already in use on the server
where the LISTSERV Maestro component is installed, it is possible to change the use of
this port. Note that some components make use of the same port as other components.
This is not a problem between the different components of LISTSERV Maestro. If there
are several components on the same server, then the components share usage of these
ports (port 80 for HTTP access and port 1099 for internal communication, for example).
It is not necessary or even possible to configure one component to use a different port
than the other while the components are on the same server.
14.2.1 Configuring the HTTP Port
To configure the HTTP port, edit the Port entry in the Tomcat INI file:
[maestro_install_folder]/conf/tomcat.ini
Example: Port=8080
If you do not configure the Port entry, then the default port (80 for HTTP or 443 for
HTTPS) will be used.
If there are several LISTSERV Maestro components installed on the same server, then
they will all be affected by this change. It is not possible to use different HTTP ports for
each of the components if the components are installed on the same server. However, if
the components are installed on different servers, they can use different HTTP ports.
These changes will only be effective after a restart of the component in question.
When changing the HTTP port, there are a few issues of which to be aware:
•
If the HTTP port is changed on a server that houses the Maestro User Interface
component, then it is also necessary to change the External Host Name setting for
Hosted Datasets and Hosted Lists in the Administration Hub. Do so by editing the
Hosted Data Settings on either the global component level or the group or single
user level. See Section 5 Settings for the Maestro User Interface.
•
If the HTTP port is changed on a server that houses the Maestro User Interface
component, then it is also necessary to make some changes to the INI file of the
Maestro User Interface component. On the server with the Maestro User Interface
installed, locate the lui.ini file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit or add the entry ExternalHTTPPort. (If the entry is not defined, it defaults to
port 80 if HTTP is used and port 443 if HTTPS is used.) See Section 20 Editing
LISTSERV Maestro INI Files.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 126 -
Section 14
Using Non-Standard Ports
•
If the HTTP port is changed on the server that houses the Maestro Tracker
component, then it is also necessary to change the Tracking URL – HTTP Port
settings in the Administration Hub by editing the Global Component Settings and
any group or single user level settings that are defined. See Section 5 Settings for
the Maestro User Interface.
•
If the HTTP port is changed on the server that houses the Administration Hub
component, then it is necessary to edit the Maestro User Interface INI file. On the
server where the Maestro User Interface component is installed, locate the
lui.ini file: [maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit or add the entry “HubExternalHTTPPort”. (If the entry is not defined, it
defaults to port 80 if HTTP is used and port 443 if HTTPS is used.) See Section 20
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files.
•
The Maestro User Interface and the Administration Hub User Interface are both
accessed using an HTTP port. This implies that if this port is changed, it will no
longer be possible to access these interfaces by entering the default URL into the
location field of a browser. Instead, it is necessary to add the port number (with a
colon “:”) to the URL. For example, if the HTTP port is changed to 8080, then the
access URL will need to include the port number as shown below:
http://your_host:8080/lui
•
The shortcuts to access the Maestro User Interface and the Administration Hub
User Interface that are installed in the Windows start menu do not include any port
information. They expect the user interfaces to be accessible on the standard port
80. If this port is changed, then it is necessary to edit these shortcuts and add
“:yourPort” to the URL, as described above.
•
Changing the HTTP port also affects the CompileAll command (this command is
a tool to pre-compile all pages before first use – see the Installation Manual for
details). Usually this command is only executed once, right after installation.
However, if CompileAll needs to be run again (for example after an upgrade
installation), and the HTTP access port has been changed for the LISTSERV
Maestro installation, the following files must be edited:
[maestro_install_folder]/commands/compile/hub.host
[maestro_install_folder]/commands/compile/lui.host
•
The “hub.host” file is located on the server where the Administration Hub
component is installed, while the lui.host file is located on the server where the
Maestro User Interface component is installed. If both components are on the same
server, then the two files will be as well.
•
The file can be edited with any text editor. It contains a single line, comprised of the
access-URL (including host-name and port) for the Administration Hub and the
Maestro User Interface component, respectively. Change it so that it contains the
new HTTP port with a colon “:” after the host name (or leave out port and colon if
the port is the standard port 80). For example, if the HTTP port was changed to
8888, then the Maestro User Interface entry must look like this:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 127 -
Section 14
Using Non-Standard Ports
http://yourhost.domain.etc:8888/lui
The entry for the Administration Hub will look similar, only with /hub at the end.
If the port is changed back to the standard 80, then either include :80 instead of the
:8888 shown above, or just leave out the port and the colon.
http://yourhost.domain.etc/lui
•
If LISTSERV Maestro is installed behind a firewall (which is advisable) and the
Maestro User Interface and/or the Administration Hub User Interface needs to be
accessible from a computer outside the firewall, the firewall must be configured to
allow access on the configured port instead of the standard HTTP port.
•
Similarly, if the Maestro Tracker component is installed behind a firewall, then the
firewall must be configured to give all outside users access to the server where
Maestro Tracker is installed on the port that is configured for HTTP access. This is
normally port 80, but can be a different port if the port was changed as described
above.
•
The whole tracking mechanism of LISTSERV Maestro will not work if the Maestro
Tracker component is installed behind a firewall in a way such that outside clients do
not have access to its configured HTTP port.
Important: Maestro Tracker will work most effectively if it uses port 80. Many sites have
firewalls that prevent their users from connecting to other ports for HTTP
connections, which would not only prevent them from being tracked, but from
reaching the actual Web pages whose access is being tracked.
14.2.2 Configuring the Internal Communication Port
This port can be configured independently for each component. However, if the
components are installed on the same server, then they must all use the same internal
communications port.
•
To configure the communication port for the Administration Hub component, edit the
following file:
[maestro_install_folder]/hub/hub.ini
Edit or add the entry RMIPort. If the entry is not present or is commented out, the
component defaults to port 1099. For example: RMIPort=5310
In addition, it is necessary to edit the INI-file of each component that works together
with this Administration Hub component. This is usually one Maestro User Interface
and one Maestro Tracker component.
•
For the Maestro User Interface component, edit the file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit the entry HubRMIPort (if this entry is not present or is commented out, it
defaults to port 1099).
•
For the Maestro Tracker component, edit the file:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 128 -
Section 14
Using Non-Standard Ports
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/tracker.ini
Similarly, in this example, edit the entry HubRMIPort in the same way as described
above for the Maestro User Interface component.
•
To configure the communication port for the Maestro User Interface, edit the
following file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit or add the entry RMIPort. If the entry is not present or is commented out, the
component defaults to port 1099. Example: RMIPort=5310
•
To configure the communication port for Maestro Tracker, edit the following file:
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/tracker.ini
Edit or add the entry RMIPort. If the entry is not present or is commented out, the
component defaults to port 1099. Example: RMIPort=5310
•
In addition, edit the Maestro User Interface INI file that communicates with the
Maestro Tracker component. On the server where the Maestro User Interface is
installed, edit the file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit or add the entry TrackerRMIPort.
14.2.3 Configuring the Tracker Communications Port
This port is only used by the Maestro User Interface (LUI) to communicate with Maestro
Tracker component (TRK). It can easily be configured using the Administration Hub.
Simply enter the Administration Hub, click the Global Component Settings icon, and
then Maestro Tracker. Edit the port number. Click [OK] to save. The change will be
effective immediately.
14.2.4 Configuring the Internal Database Connection Port
LISTSERV Maestro comes with an internal database that can be used as the system
database. The Internal Database Connection port is only used by the Maestro User
Interface component when it is configured to use this internal database. To configure it,
edit the following file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/database/my.ini
In this file, find the entry port both in the [client] and [mysqld] sections. Edit the
value of both of these entries to change the database connection port. In addition, edit
the following file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit the “MySQLConnectorJDriverPlugin.databasePort” entry or the
“MySQLDriverPlugin.databasePort” entry (whichever is present) to point to the
same port number. These changes will only be effective after restarting the Maestro User
Interface component.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 129 -
Section 14
Using Non-Standard Ports
14.2.5 Configuring the Application Server Shutdown Port
To configure the Server Shutdown port, you need to edit the ShutdownPort entry in the
Tomcat INI file:
[maestro_install_folder]/conf/tomcat.ini
Example: ShutdownPort=90
If this entry is not configured, then the default port 8007 will be used.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 130 -
Section 15 Defining IP Addresses
........................................................
y default, LISTSERV Maestro binds the HTTP port on all IP addresses of the
server on which it is running. If the server has several addresses, then a client will
be able to access the Maestro User Interface, the Administration Hub, and
Maestro Tracker (depending on which components are installed) on the HTTP port by
using any of the server’s addresses.
B
No changes to the LISTSERV Maestro configuration are required if this default behavior
is satisfactory. However, to make LISTSERV Maestro bind to only a single IP address on
the server, you need to edit the BindAddress entry in the Tomcat INI file:
[maestro_install_folder]/conf/tomcat.ini
Example: BindAddress=192.168.1.1
Notes: If several LISTSERV Maestro components are installed on the same server, then
all of them will be affected by this change. It is not possible to use different
bindings for each of the components if the components are installed on the same
server. However, if the components are installed on different servers, they can
use different bindings.
This change will only be effective after a restart of the component in question.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 131 -
Section 15
Defining IP Addresses
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 132 -
Section 16 Installing Behind a Firewall
........................................................
ny network that is connected to the Internet is usually protected by some form of
firewall, often in conjunction with different kinds of “demilitarized zones” and other
security measures. If there is a desire to install the components of LISTSERV
Maestro behind a firewall, or in different protection zones so that some are behind and
others are in front of the firewall, it is necessary to take into account the communication
channels between the separate components.
A
Communication occurs exclusively using TCP ports (see the Section 14 Using NonStandard Ports for more information). If the components are installed behind, in front of,
or on both sides of a firewall, then the firewall needs to be configured to let
communication through on certain ports between certain servers. Figure 16-1 shows
LISTSERV Maestro components and all other players (the Maestro Administrator, the
Maestro User, and the Internet, which represents the messages recipients) and their
interconnections.
At each communication line, a labeled arrow illustrates the direction of the
communication between the two components, and the port used for this communication.
The communication can go in one direction or both directions. However, if the
communication goes in both directions, then an open port is required on both sides.
The port label definitions are:
•
HTTP Port – Used for standard HTTP access, using a web browser. This is also
used to transfer the tracking events from the Internet (from the email messages that
were sent) to the Maestro Tracker component. The standard HTTP Port is 80.
•
If HTTPS access to the Administration Hub and/or the Maestro User Interface
component is being used, then the HTTP Port from the Maestro Administrator to the
Administration Hub and/or the HTTP Port from the Maestro User to the Maestro
User Interface should be substituted with the HTTPS Port, for which the standard is
443. (This does not apply for the HTTP Port between the Internet and Maestro
Tracker, which can never be replaced by the HTTPS Port).
•
SMTP Port – Used for standard SMTP communication, during the sending and
receiving of email. The standard SMTP Port is 25.
•
Internal Communication Port – Used for communication between the separate
LISTSERV Maestro components and the Administration Hub. The standard Internal
Communication Port is 1099.
•
Communications Port – Used for special communication between the Maestro
User Interface and the Maestro Tracker component to transfer tracking events to the
Maestro User Interface component (for reports). The standard Communication Port
is 7000.
•
LISTSERV Port – Used by the Maestro User Interface component to access the
external LISTSERV component. The standard LISTSERV Port is 2306.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 133 -
Section 16
•
Installing Behind a Firewall
Database Port – Used by the Maestro User Interface component to access the
external database component. The standard Database Port depends on the
database used.
Figure 16-1 Component Communication Pathways
All the components shown in the figure (except for the Internet, LISTSERV Maestro
Administrator, and LISTSERV Maestro User) may reside on a single server or may be
distributed over different servers, up to the maximum distribution of a dedicated server
for each of the components shown (or multiple servers in the cases of LISTSERV and
SMTP).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 134 -
Section 16
Installing Behind a Firewall
When two components are installed on the same server, a firewall will not stop the
communication between the two (except if the firewall is installed on the same server,
where the firewall may close the ports the components use to communicate). However,
if some components are installed on separate servers, a firewall may sit between the two.
Most commonly, a firewall will separate the Internet from the other components. The
other components may also be installed in a way that has a firewall between them.
Imagine the firewall as sitting “on top” of the connection between two components.
If that is the case, then the firewall must be configured so that it allows communication
between the two components, as specified by the arrow(s) associated with the
connection the firewall guards. The direction of the arrow shows the direction the port
should be opened, and the label of the arrow defines which port needs to be open.
For most components, the safest method will be to open the firewall for only the required
port(s) in the required direction(s), and between the IP addresses of the servers where
the components reside.
For example, if there is a firewall between the Maestro Tracker and the Maestro User
Interface component, open the Communications Port and the Internal Communications
Port only in the direction from the Maestro User Interface host to the Maestro Tracker
host. Open both ports only for the IP address involved. This limits the possible security
breaches in the case of an unauthorized person gaining access to one of the component
servers.
There are some exceptions:
•
If there is a firewall that separates the Internet from the other components (as is
advisable), open the HTTP and SMTP ports from the Internet to the respective
components as shown in the diagram, and open them for all incoming IP addresses,
not just for a specific one. In addition, it is necessary to open the SMTP port for
outgoing communication originating from the LISTSERV and SMTP servers.
•
Similarly, if there is a firewall separating the Internet from the other components as
described above, and both the Maestro Administrator and the Maestro User need to
be able to connect to LISTSERV Maestro from the Internet as well as the local
intranet behind the firewall, then the HTTP port to the Administration Hub and
Maestro User Interface components for all incoming IP-addresses must also open.
In this case, LISTSERV Maestro’s login security will be relied upon to disallow
unauthorized access to these components.
Allowing the Application Server Shutdown Port, (default 8007) access through the
firewall is not a concern, as this port is only ever used locally for communication between
two processes on the same server. If there is a firewall on the server itself, this port might
also have to be opened. Simply check if the L-Soft Tomcat server still reacts to the Stop
command. If not, then the port needs to be opened.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 135 -
Section 16
Installing Behind a Firewall
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 136 -
Section 17 Restricting Access to Components
........................................................
he administrator can restrict access to LISTSERV Maestro in two different ways.
The first way of restricting access is based on the IP address of the computer
(where the browser is running) that is used to access the component. The second
way of restricting access is to disallow concurrent access with the same user account.
This will limit users from logging in twice with the same user account at the same time.
T
17.1 IP Address Restrictions
Each of the LISTSERV Maestro components (Administration Hub, Maestro User
Interface, Maestro Tracker, and the subscriber access pages for hosted datasets) can be
configured to restrict access based upon the IP address of the computer that is used to
access the component where the browser/email-client is running. This means that it is
possible, for example, to define that everyone (all IP addresses) is allowed to access the
Maestro Tracker component, but only certain IP addresses (a local subnet, perhaps) are
allowed to access the Maestro User Interface and Administration Hub components. If
access is not allowed for a certain address, then a client from that address will receive a
403: Forbidden error when attempting to access the restricted component.
By default, no component access restrictions are in effect. To add access restrictions, it
is necessary to add a new Restrict.CONTEXT.ID entry into the Tomcat INI file:
[maestro_install_folder]/conf/tomcat.ini
Each such entry must look something like this:
Restrict.CONTEXT.ID=NETWORK/MASK
with the following replacements:
•
CONTEXT: Replace with the context name for which you want to introduce a
restriction. Usually you will probably want to restrict access to the Maestro User
Interface and/or the Administration Hub, for which the matching context names are
“lui” or “hub” respectively.
Other possible context names are “trk” and “list” (for Maestro Tracker and for the
subscriber pages of hosted lists, although it usually does not make sense to restrict
access for these contexts), and “archive” and “scripts” (these two being
contexts used by the LISTSERV user interface “WA”).
•
ID: Replace with any ID-string that uniquely identifies the “Restrict” entry from all
other “Restrict” entries in the same context. Which kind of ID-string you use is up
to you, but you should limit yourself to alpha-numeric characters and make sure that
you do not use the same ID-string for two “Restrict” entries with the same context
name (i.e. two “Restrict” entries must at least differ in their “CONTEXT” or in their
“ID” value, there must never be two entries where both “CONTEXT” and “ID” are the
same).
•
NETWORK: Replace with the dot-separated IP-address of the subnet to which you
want to grant access to the given context (like “192.168.1.0”).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 137 -
Section 17
•
Restricting Access to Components
MASK: Replace with the dot-separated subnet-mask for the subnet specified above
(like “255.255.255.0”).
It is important to understand that the listed IP-address ranges or addresses are the
addresses which are granted access. All unlisted addresses are thus implicitly denied
access to this context.
If no such restriction entry is present for a certain context at all, then access to this
context is unrestricted (this is the default for all contexts after installation).
In other words: If for a context there is no entry at all, then access to that context is
unrestricted. If there is at least one entry, then access to that context is restricted and
access is allowed only for the addresses listed in the entry (or entries) of that context.
Important: Because of the way the Maestro Tracker functions (by accepting tracking
events from mails sent all over the internet), the Maestro Tracker component
must be accessible to everyone, i.e. you should not specify any restriction entry
for the “trk” context.
For similar reasons, you should also not specify any restriction entry for the “list”
context, so that everyone has access to the subscriber pages of the hosted
datasets (unless you have a policy to restrict access to these pages, for example
if you are using them only for internal purposes).
After you have saved the modified tomcat.ini, you need to stop and restart LISTSERV
Maestro to make it aware of the changes.
If you have distributed the components of LISTSERV Maestro to several servers, then
you might need to edit the tomcat.ini file of several of these servers, depending on
which components you want to restrict.
For example, if all three, the Administration Hub, the Maestro User Interface and Maestro
Tracker are installed on separate servers, then you would typically not add a restriction
entry on the Maestro Tracker server (since Maestro Tracker needs to be accessible to
all), but you might want to add restriction entries both to the tomcat.ini of the
Administration Hub (using the “hub” context) and of the Maestro User Interface server
(using the “lui” context).
Examples:
Restrict.lui.0=192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0
This would restrict access to the Maestro User Interface (“lui”) and only allow access
for computers in the subnet range 192.168.1.0 through 192.168.1.255. Computers
with any other IP address would not be allowed to access the Maestro User Interface.
Access to all other components (for example the Administration Hub, Maestro Tracker or
the subscriber pages of hosted lists) would remain unrestricted.
Restrict.lui.0=192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0
Restrict.lui.1=192.168.6.21/255.255.255.255
Restrict.hub.0=192.168.6.21/255.255.255.255
This would restrict access to the Maestro User Interface (“lui”) and only allow access
for computers in the same subnet range as above and additionally also for the single
computer with the address 192.168.6.21.
Also, access to the Administration Hub (“hub”) is restricted and access is allowed only
for this one same computer with address 192.168.6.21.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 138 -
Section 17
Restricting Access to Components
Access to the Maestro Tracker, the subscriber pages of hosted lists, and the LISTSERV
Web interface (if being served by LISTSERV Maestro) remains unrestricted.
17.2 Disallowing Concurrent Access with the Same User Account
If there is an organizational reason or policy that dictates this restriction, the administrator
has the option of allowing or disallowing users to log in twice with the same user account
at the same time. The default setting does allow concurrent access. This restriction
should only be used in special cases and with an understanding of the problems
associated with using it.
There is usually no reason to disallow concurrent access to LISTSERV Maestro. If two
users are logged in with the same account from different workstations, Maestro handles
each login session separately; therefore, the two sessions will not interfere with one
another. If multiple users need to access and manipulate the same data, then it is
generally a better idea to assign separate accounts in the same group to each user rather
than allowing them to share a single account. Doing so not only eliminates the need to
disallow concurrent access, but it also allows for more detailed logging (i.e. log files that
show which user performed particular actions).
To change the default to disallow concurrent access, click on the Global Components
icon. Click Maestro User Interface, and then General Administration. The General
Administration of Maestro User Interface screen opens. Check Disallow multiple logins
with the same user account.
Figure 17-1 Multiple Logins
Important: Disallowing concurrent access with the same account is not recommended.
If it is necessary for some reason, please pay attention to the warnings issued
below about potential problems associated with the use of this feature.
Disallowing concurrent access will affect the behavior of the Maestro User Interface. If a
user logs in with a certain account, and another user is already logged in with the same
account, the system will not accept the second login right away, but will instead do the
following:
•
If the second login attempt comes from a different workstation, the user attempting
the second login is given the message “Logon failed: Someone is already logged in
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 139 -
Section 17
Restricting Access to Components
with the given account from a different workstation. Please use a different account
for login.” The user is not logged in. However, the user may still use a different
account that is not currently in use to log in.
•
If the second login attempt comes from the same workstation, the user is informed
that a previous session is already active from the same workstation. The user is then
asked whether to cancel the second login, or proceed with the second login and log
out of the previous session. If the user cancels the second login, the previous
session will be unaffected, but the second login attempt will fail. If the user does not
cancel the second login, the previous session will be logged out and the second
session will log in.
A second login attempt from the same workstation may happen in situations similar to
these:
•
A user has one browser window open, in which the first login session is active. The
user opens a second window and tries to log in again with the same account. In this
case, the user will be notified that there still is a session open from the workstation
and that proceeding with the second login will log out that first session. Most users
will probably cancel the second login instead and continue using the first session.
•
A user has been using a first login session in a browser and has closed the browser
without logging out properly. Since the system has no way of knowing that the user
has closed the browser, it will still keep the user’s login session active. Since the
browser is closed already, the user has no way of “going back” to that session to log
out properly.
•
This is usually not a problem, since the system will log out the session automatically
after a certain timeout period has passed (usually 90 minutes). However, if in the
meantime the user opens a new browser window and tries to log in again with the
same account, the user will be notified that there is already a session logged in from
the workstation, and that proceeding with the second login will automatically log out
that first session. Since the first session is the one that the user no longer has
access to, the user will proceed with the second login.
LISTSERV Maestro makes the determination of whether a second login attempt comes
from the same or from a different workstation by looking at the IP address of the
workstation used to make that attempt.
This approach has some caveats of which to be aware (illustrated in the scenarios
below).
Problem Scenario #1: NAT Access
If a group of users is accessing the Maestro User Interface using a local subnet with local
addresses, and a router with NAT (Network Address Translation) or some other method
of address mapping is used to connect to the Internet, and the Maestro User Interface is
on the “other” side of that router, then to the Maestro User Interface, all users will appear
to be using the same workstation, since they will all have the same IP address, namely
that of the router.
In this case, the Maestro User Interface will handle all login attempts as if they were
originating from the same workstation, which may result in the following confusing or
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 140 -
Section 17
Restricting Access to Components
even harmful situation. One user is logged in with an account from workstation A. Now
another user tries to log in with the same account, only from workstation B. Both
workstations will appear to the Maestro User Interface as one and the same, since both
will be using the same IP address externally. The result is that the second user will be
notified that there is another session already active from the workstation with the same
account. The user will have the option of proceeding with the login and canceling the
previous login. This other session would in fact be the session of the first user and by
logging in, the second user would log out the first user, disrupting the workflow.
To work around this situation, make sure that all users are using different accounts, and
that the passwords are kept secret, so that no other user can use a colleague’s account
to log in from a different computer and thus log out that colleague.
Problem Scenario #2: Dial-Up Access
If a user is connected to the Internet with a dial-up modem connection as provided by
most ISPs, the workstation’s IP address is usually assigned dynamically each time the
user connects, meaning a different IP address will be assigned each time a connection
is made. This may cause the following situation to happen:
The user opens a browser and logs into the Maestro User Interface with a certain
account. The user then closes the browser without logging out properly, so that the
session will continue to be active until the timeout has expired. The user then disconnects
the Internet connection. Shortly thereafter, the user reconnects to the Internet, opens
another browser, and tries to log in with the same account. This time, the user is very
likely to be assigned a different IP address from the previous connection. The Maestro
User Interface will interpret this as a different workstation logging in to the same account.
As a result, the Maestro User Interface will report that the account is currently in use from
a different workstation and will not accept a login with that account.
The user now has no choice but to wait for the 90 minutes timeout to expire, before
logging in again with the same account. To cancel the previous login, the user would
have to access the Maestro User Interface using the same IP address as before, which
is extremely unlikely with this kind of dynamic address assignment. To avoid this
problem, the user should always remember to log out properly. If the browser is closed
accidentally without logging out, but before the modem is disconnected, a new browser
session should be opened so that the user can log in again, canceling the previous
session, and then log out properly.
To moderate this problem, the administrator may configure the session timeout of the
Maestro User Interface to be shorter than the default of 90 minutes, so that in the worst
case, the user does not have to wait as long to log back in.
The timeout for the Maestro User Interface is configured in the following file:
\Program Files\L-Soft\webapps\lui\WEB-INF\web.xml
Example
<!-- 1.5 hrs session timeout -->
<session-config>
<session-timeout>90</session-timeout>
</session-config>
The value of 90 determines the session timeout in minutes. Set it to a suitable value, save
the file and restart the Maestro User Interface.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 141 -
Section 17
Restricting Access to Components
The same setting can be changed for the Administration Hub by editing the file
\Program Files\L-Soft\webapps\hub\WEB-INF\web.xml
17.3 Securing Access Against Dictionary Attacks
A dictionary attack is a technique to gain illegal access to a system by employing a list of
words in a dictionary automatically to determine the login password for a given user
account. The effectiveness of such an attack can be reduced by only allowing a limited
number of invalid login attempts and by locking access to the account for a certain time.
(Locking means that the login is denied even if the correct password is supplied.)
LISTSERV Maestro supports this form of login locking in the Administration Hub and in
the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface component.
17.3.1 Securing the Administration Hub
To secure the administrator’s account of the Administration Hub, click on the Global
Component Settings icon. Click Administration Hub, and then General
Administration. In the Advanced Security Options section, enter the maximum
number of unsuccessful login attempts and the login locking time in minutes.
If the administrator’s account is already locked due to too many login attempts and the
configured login locking time is very long, supply the following value in the hub.ini file:
UnlockLockedAccess=true
Then, retry to login as administrator’s with the correct password. Login access is enabled
again and the entry from the hub.ini file has been removed. If a system restart is an option
(e.g. because currently no important mail job deliveries are being processed), then
restart the system to unlock access again.
17.3.2 Securing the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface
To secure all accounts of the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface, click on the Global
Component Settings icon. Click Maestro User Interface, and then General
Administration. In the Advanced Security Options section, enter the maximum
number of unsuccessful login attempts and the login locking time in minutes.
If any LISTSERV Maestro User Interface account is already locked due to too many login
attempts, click the [Unlock all currently locked accounts] button. If a system restart is
an option (e.g. because currently no important mail job deliveries are being processed),
then restart the system to unlock all locked accounts again.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 142 -
Section 18 Securing Access with SSL
........................................................
s described in the section regarding the use of non-standard ports and installing
behind a firewall, the LISTSERV Maestro components can be configured in a way
that users and/or administrators can access the Maestro User Interface and/or
the Administration Hub with a web browser from anywhere on the Internet. This feature
allows, for example, LISTSERV Maestro to be set up in an ASP-environment, where the
customers access the application over the Internet.
Providing access to users from the Internet exposes the risk of unauthorized access.
LISTSERV Maestro uses password authentication as a first barrier against intruders.
However, network traffic is a public affair. Anyone with the right knowledge and access
to certain nodes in the network may eavesdrop on the communication between the user’s
browser and the LISTSERV Maestro server. Intruders may gain knowledge about the
data that is sent to the user’s browser (for display) and sent back to the server (to trigger
a certain action or to submit settings the user made). Even more dangerous, the intruder
could find out the user name and password that the user or administrator employs for
login, and could then log him/herself in with the same account.
If security is a concern, consider securing access to the LISTSERV Maestro servers with
encrypted communication, so that intruders cannot listen in on the communication
between browser and server, and cannot gain knowledge about the data exchanged or
spy out passwords. All standard browsers support encrypted communication using
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), and the HTTPS protocol to access web pages, instead of
the normal HTTP protocol.
LISTSERV Maestro also offers the possibility of using SSL for communication with the
Administration Hub and/or the Maestro User Interface components. Since topics such as
encryption, server certificates, and trusted authorities are so complex, an introduction is
presented in Section 18.1 Introduction to Secure Communication to assist understanding
the concepts involved, making the execution of the required steps easier. Implementation
instructions start in Section 18.2 Which Components Should Be Secured?.
Securing access with SSL (HTTPS) as described in this section is a separate issue from
authenticating and encrypting communication between the components of LISTSERV
Maestro, even though the two have many similarities and can even be combined.
Note: To authenticate and encrypt the communication between the separate
components of LISTSERV Maestro please refer to the L-Soft White Paper entitled
Authenticating and Encrypting Communication between LISTSERV Maestro
Components.
A
18.1 Introduction to Secure Communication
This section is intended to provide a short introduction about the basics of secure
communication. Please see the many publications about this topic for more details.
For successful encrypted communication to take place, one partner holding an
“encryption key” encrypts the data. The data is transferred to the second partner and
decrypted using the same “key”. One requirement is that both communication partners
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 143 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
know the encryption key so that the receiving partner may decrypt the data that was
encrypted by the sending partner.
With online communication, however, this is more complex. Both partners (the browser
and the server) are most likely communicating with each other for the first time, and do
not have a common encryption key that is known only to them. So, when the connection
is first established, the two partners must secretly decide at the spur of the moment on
an encryption key that will be used for the rest of the communication (this is a simplified
view of the matter, but it explains the basics).
Assuming that both partners have decided what key to use, they can now communicate
in an encrypted manner. There is still the problem of being sure that each partner is
actually communicating with the partner they think they are communicating with. An
analogy to this problem can be found in real life. Suppose that two employees of two
partner companies meet in a hotel to exchange confidential information. The two have
never met each other, but they know each other’s names and home addresses. How can
each of them be sure that the other person they meet in the lobby of the hotel is actually
the person they are supposed to meet and not an impostor?
An impostor could act as a “man-in-the-middle”. He meets with employee A of
corporation A-Corp in the lobby and poses as employee B of corporation B-Corp. Thus,
he gains confidential information from A and goes into the bar where he meets the real
employee B. Here he poses as employee A from A-Corp, gives the confidential
information from the “real” A to B and receives similar information back from B. Finally,
he goes back into the lobby relays the information he received from B to the “real”
employee A. On his way from the lobby to the bar and back, he made copies of the
information he was carrying. In the end, both employee A and B are unaware that they
did not talk to their “real” counterparts, but to an impostor that acted as a “man-in-themiddle”, and the impostor goes back to his employer C-Corp with the confidential
information he gained from their competitors.
On a network, this “man-in-the-middle” attack is even easier to mount. The only thing that
a server and a client know of each other is their network addresses, which can easily be
forged. In real life, the two employees of A-Corp and B-Corp would probably request to
see some picture ID with name and home address of their communication partner. They
would then compare the picture on the ID with the person they are talking to and verify
that the name and address on the ID matches the ones they have previously been told.
If the ID matches the person, they would be confident that they are talking to the right
person.
However, in doing so, they actually implicitly trust a third party that has not yet been
involved. This would be the agency that issued the picture ID. By accepting the ID, they
trust that the agency has created an ID that is hard to forge. They also trust that this
agency has, in turn, verified that the person they issued the ID to really is the person he
claims to be. If employee A had tried to use his library card for identification, then
employee B would probably have rejected it as improper identification, because she
would not trust either that the clerk in the library responsible for issuing the ID really did
a thorough check of A’s identity, or she did not trust the security features of the ID, (these
days anyone can create an authentic looking ID with the help of a color laser printer).
Instead, she would probably request a “proper” ID like a passport or driver’s license.
With online communication, the problem of identifying the communication partner is
solved very similarly. In the online world, “certificates” fulfill the role of a “picture ID” in
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 144 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
real life. A certificate asserts that the owner of the certificate is, in fact, the entity it claims
to be. For example, a certificate could assert that the server with the host name
“host.somecorp.com” actually is a server that belongs to SomeCorp, and that it is not
an impostor’s server.
How can such credibility problems be solved? Simply falsifying a file that states, “Yes,
the server ‘host.somecorp.com’ is indeed a server belonging to the SomeCorp
Corporation,” would not be cumbersome for an imposter. To guard against this, the
certificate is digitally signed by a trustworthy authority, so that it now reads, “Yes, the
server ‘host.somecorp.com’ is a server belonging to the SomeCorp corporation, and
we, the people from TrustCorp have verified that this is indeed so.”
The digital signature is very useful because it prevents anyone from tampering with the
certificate. If even a single letter (or byte) in the text of the certificate is changed, the
signature will no longer match and the certificate will be invalid. However, a last problem
remains: how to test the validity of the signature? The digital signature of the certificate
was created using a signature key. The signature key consists of two parts, a private key
and a public key. The signer (the signing authority) uses both parts to create the
signature. The private key is held secret by the signer so that only the signer is able to
use it to create a signature and a signature cannot be created with the public key alone.
The public key on the other hand is made public. It can be used by anyone who desires
to test the validity of a digital signature that is supposed to come from the owner of the
public key. With a certain algorithm, the signature is tested against the public key,
producing a result that states (if the signature was valid): “Yes, the data signed by this
signature has not been tampered with and it was signed with a private/public key pair,
where the public key matches the public key that was used to test the signature.”
If the signature was not valid, the result could be, “The data was tampered with since it
was signed,” in which case the data seen by the recipient is not the original data that the
signer saw. Or, the result could be, “The data was signed with a private/public key pair,
where the public key does not match the public key used to test the signature.” In this
case the data was signed by someone else than the owner of the public key the recipient
has. In both cases, the signature is invalid.
It is not possible to use any public key that is found anywhere (or given by any one),
because who would then guarantee that the public key received really is a key from the
entity it supposedly belongs? The origin of the public key that is used to verify the digital
signature of a certificate has to be very reliable; otherwise, the “man-in-the-middle” would
still have a chance to spy. The intruder would create his own public/private keys with a
forged name of “TrustCorp” and his own certificate with a forged host name of
SomeCorp. Then he would use his own private key to sign the certificate and would give
others the public key claiming, “This is the public key of TrustCorp”. If this public key were
used to check the validity of the forged certificate, a match would be made leading to the
belief that the forged certificate is legitimate. As a result, the attacker would receive the
communication and not the server of TrustCorp.
To verify a public key of the signing authority, most web browsers, like Microsoft® Internet
Explorer, are already equipped with a list of trusted so called “root certificates.” It is not
necessary to verify that these certificates indeed come from the entity they claim to,
because the browser vendor has already verified this.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 145 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
The full trust-chain when a browser is used to access a secured is described as follows:
•
The browser vendor receives root certificates from the signing authorities, verifying
their validity.
•
The browser vendor trusts that the root certificates are genuine.
•
The browser trusts any signed certificate with a genuine certificate traceable to one
of the trusted root certificates. This can be a very short chain such as, for example,
“a certificate signed with a root certificate” or a long chain such as for example, “a
certificate signed with a certificate that was signed with a certificate … etc. … that
was signed with a root certificate.”
•
The browser trusts any server that has a browser-trusted certificate.
In the real life example, employees A and B both needed picture IDs to verify each other.
With online communication, this verification is often only one-sided. For most purposes
it is enough that the client is certain about the server it communicates with. It is usually
not required that the server is also certain about the client. Therefore, usually only the
server has a certificate (which is, down the trust chain, signed by a trusted root certificate)
and the client does not.
There are also real-world examples of this. If a car were purchased privately from its
former owner, the buyer would most likely request to see a picture ID of the owner during
the transaction. Otherwise she would risk unknowingly buying a stolen car. On the other
hand, it is not a requirement for the former owner to see the buyer’s ID to check the car’s
legitimacy.
To summarize the concepts introduced:
•
Server Certificate – This certificate asserts that a certain server (with the given host
name) actually belongs to a certain organization, so that the server can be trusted
and confidential data can be safely communicated. This certificate is digitally signed
to prevent tampering and falsification.
•
Trusted Root Certificate – The trusted root certificate is used to sign the actual
server certificate (or another certificate down the trust-chain is used to sign the
actual server certificate). Usually the fact that a root certificate is installed together
with trusted software (like the browser) already makes it a trusted root certificate. A
root certificate can be received by other means (by email, for example). In that case,
first verify the certificate before it is rated as “trusted.” To do this, compare the
fingerprints on both the sent and received certificates.
•
Encrypted Communication – This is made possible with the help of an encryption
key, which is secretly generated when the communication first begins. Verifying that
there is no “man-in-the-middle” while negotiating the encryption key is achieved by
verifying the communication partner’s certificate and matching its digital signature,
to one of the trusted root certificates, further down the trust-chain.
18.2 Which Components Should Be Secured?
Normally, you should only secure the Maestro User Interface and/or the Administration
Hub component with SSL, not the Maestro Tracker component. Because securing the
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 146 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
Maestro Tracker component has several drawbacks, HTTPS is slower and takes more
system resources than HTTP, so if you have a high tracking event volume, then using
HTTPS puts a higher workload on the Tracker server. Also not all clients may be able to
access HTTPS-URLs correctly, which could result in tracking events not being counted
and recipients not being redirected to the intended target pages (in case of click tracking).
Before you decide to also secure Maestro Tracker, you should take these possible
drawbacks into account and evaluate, if they are worth the additional security gain in your
situation.
But, since all components that are installed on one server share the same access
method, you can only choose the access method for all of them at once.
Therefore, if you want to secure your Administration Hub and/or Maestro User Interface
components with SSL, but do not want to also secure Maestro Tracker (as is
recommended), then you have to install them on a separate server (or separate servers)
from the Maestro Tracker component (however, those two may be one the same server,
as long as you plan to secure both of them).
If you want to secure all three components, then this is the only time you can have them
all on the same server.
Similarly, if you only want to secure the Maestro User Interface component but not the
Administration Hub component (or vice versa), you need to install them on two different
servers, so that you can secure one server but not the other.
18.3 Obtaining and Installing a Server Certificate
To enable LISTSERV Maestro to use HTTPS by way of SSL, obtain a signed server
certificate for the server to be secured. It is not possible to simply obtain any server
certificate and use it on any server. The certificate is always bound to the explicit server
name that was chosen when the certificate was created. If the LISTSERV Maestro
component is moved to a different server (with a different name), or the server is
renamed, then a new certificate for the new name would have to be obtained.
Obtaining a server certificate involves three basic steps:
•
Create an unsigned certificate with the name of the server being secured.
•
Create a certificate-signing request (CSR) from that certificate and send it to a
certification authority (CA). The CA first verifies that the requester is genuine, and
then returns a signed version of the certificate to him/her.
•
Replace the unsigned certificate with the signed certificate returned by the CA.
Certificate administration happens with a command line tool called “keytool”, that is
installed together with Java. For more information about this tool, and further discussion
about certificates and secure communication, see the relevant documentation at Sun’s
web site: http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4/docs/tooldocs/win32/keytool.html
18.3.1 Securing the Trusted Root Certificate Keystore
As a first step when starting to use certificates, be sure to secure the default keystore for
trusted root certificates that is shipped with Java. The Java version that is installed
together with LISTSERV Maestro includes a keystore that already contains trusted root
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 147 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
certificates from some CAs (for example VeriSign and Thawte) This keystore is initially
protected with the default password “changeit”, which should be changed as soon as
possible after the installation of LISTSERV Maestro.
To change the password of the default keystore, execute the following command:
[maestro_install_folder]/java/bin/keytool –storepasswd
–keystore [maestro_install_folder]/java/lib/security/cacerts
You will be queried first for the old password (which is changeit if it has not been
changed since installation of LISTSERV Maestro), and then twice for the new password.
Enter a new password with at least six characters, but longer and complex passwords
are safer.
18.3.2 Creating an Unsigned Server Certificate
In Java, all certificates are stored in a “keystore,” which is usually a special file protected
with a password.
To add a certificate to a keystore, execute the following command:
[maestro_install_folder]/java/bin/keytool –genkey
–alias NAME –validity DAYS –keystore KEYFILE -keyalg RSA
with the following replacements:
NAME: The name of the certificate. Can be any name that is not already in use in the
keystore file specified (see below), but choose an informative name that helps in
recognition of the certificate later.
DAYS: Limits the validity of the certificate. The certificate will expire so many days after
the day it was created. This can be any number of days. Usually, when the signing
service from the CA is purchased, only a limited period during which the certificate shall
be valid is paid for. Choose a number of days for this parameter, which is no shorter than
the period purchased from the CA (a little padding here is probably a good idea, to be on
the safe side). It is also possible to create a certificate that has a very long validity period
(several years), if desired.
KEYFILE: The keystore file to which the certificate will be added. This can be a relative
or a full path name. If the file does not exist, it is created. If it already exists, a certificate
with the given “NAME” is added to it.
Choose a suitable location and file name for the keystore file that takes into account the
special security considerations for this file as outlined below.
Be very careful with the keystore file into which the certificate has been created. Protect
this file in two respects:
•
Do not lose or accidentally delete this file, as it contains the certificates. New
certificates would have to be purchased in this event. Keep a backup at a safe
location.
•
Protect the file against unauthorized access. Even though the file is password
protected, passwords can always be cracked, and an attacker could thus gain
access to the certificates.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 148 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
The tool will first prompt for the entry of the password with which the keystore is
protected. If an existing keystore is being used, enter its password. If a filename of a
keystore that does not yet exist is given, then a new keystore will be created and it will
be protected with the password that was entered at the first prompt (choose a password
with at least six characters, remembering that longer and more complex passwords are
safer).
Next, the tool will prompt for the following information values. Press RETURN each time
to simply accept the default value “Unknown”. However, some values must be entered
for the certificate to work and some CAs require other values to be filled out. So it is
generally a good idea to fill out all values with whatever fits best in each case (see below):
"What is your first and last name?"
Here, the host name of the server to be secured with the certificate being created
must be entered. Yes, even though the question reads “your first and last name,” it
is necessary to enter the host name of the computer instead! This should be the
same host name that will be used in the URLs to access the server. For example, if
the URL is “http://maestro.mycorp.com/lui”, then enter the host name
“maestro.mycorp.com” (without the quotes).
"What is the name of your organizational unit?"
"What is the name of your organization?"
"What is the name of your City or Locality?"
"What is the name of your State or Province?"
"What is the two-letter country code for this unit?
Use the two-letter code that fits the country where the server is deployed, such as
US, DE, SE, CH, and so on.
After the last question is answered, a summary of the input and a request for confirmation
will appear. Type “yes” and RETURN to accept the input, or “no” and RETURN (or simply
RETURN) to reject it (in this case enter the values again until they are satisfactory). After
the input is confirmed, the tool takes a few seconds to generate the certificate. When it
is done, enter a password at the prompt to protect the certificate. Although generally any
password is usable, for the certificate to be usable with LISTSERV Maestro, the same
password chosen for the keystore itself must be used. To do so, simply press RETURN
without entering anything, so that the default is accepted.
At this point, the certificate has been created, but it is yet unsigned.
18.3.3 Performing a Certificate Signing Request (CSR)
Once an unsigned certificate has been created, generate a certificate-signing request
(CSR) from it, which can then be submitted to a certification authority (CA), for example
VeriSign.
To generate a CSR for a certificate in the keystore, execute the following command:
[maestro_install_folder]/java/bin/keytool –certreq
–alias NAME –file OUTFILE –keystore KEYFILE
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 149 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
with the following replacements:
NAME: The name of the certificate. This must be the name of the certificate that the CSR
is created for (the same name that was specified when the certificate was created).
OUTFILE: The file into which the CSR will be written. If the file already exists, it will be
replaced with the new file. This can be a relative or a full path name.
KEYFILE: The keystore file in which the certificate is stored. This can be a relative or a
full path name.
The command will request the password of the keystore. After it is entered, the file
specified as “OUTFILE” will be written. This file is a text file that contains the CSR in
Base64-encoded form.
Figure 18-1 Example of Base64 Encoded Outfile
-----BEGIN NEW CERTIFICATE REQUEST----tPnJhsLOuocsBYAmyM11qiZ5BEVWAnJfZ6kyN/XfT5NFxGIy9Uynz5kODfBwFUgiu98iQKWyMKC/
bGFuZ2VuMQ8wDQYDVQQKEwZMLVNvZnQxEDAOBgNVBAsTB1Vua25vd24xDzANBgNVBAMTBnRlcHBp
6E7Zyl9wkPyVpn1qbnbtXQGAablJInE9/LruaJ1NX1f/NVJgL4vPiDKsU4laGvJHBNhdj+F0uVb
3SIb3DQEBBAUAA4GBAB6XqdfJvhy7dTHijsHjw+c4ELQFI/TkHBvgp5NaCccQoNwwW9lnIeOik
Db2lwWg56G6LiYfpVBss5+OOW2jXlq9CdNw1KLSDQ+kMtZjdVr8+iQ9gsqxvskCAwEAAaAAMA0GC
SqGMIIBpjCCAQ8CAQAwZjELMAkGA1UEBhMCREUxEDAOBgNVBAgTB0dlcm1hbnkxETAPBgNVBAcTC
EVyYzCBnzANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOBjQAwgYkCgYEAz+hQRsqDWRLvmV4YD5+JaQEXn5qqJeyzk
fg2PQoU2VPgHID0VnyTPt8r/t4uFk8p1NxjYkC4
-----END NEW CERTIFICATE REQUEST-----
Now submit this CSR to the desired CA. For example, VeriSign offers an online order
form that contains a field into which the text from the CSR can be simply pasted. Other
CAs may do this differently – please ask the CA for help if there is any question, or if
anything is unclear. After the CA has received the CSR, it will first verify that the requester
or company is indeed genuine, that is if the content of the certificate can or cannot be
trusted. This usually happens using methods such as making phone calls, checking
company registrations, or other types of research, and may take a few days. Once the
CA has verified the validity of the certificate, it will either be returned as a signed
certificate, or instructions on how to obtain the signed certificate will be supplied.
18.3.4 Installing the Signed Server Certificate
The signed certificate received back from the CA must be in X.509 format; either in binary
or Base64 encoded form (please contact the CA if the certificate received does not match
either of these formats). Once the certificate has been received, store it into a file (usually
“*.cer”). Then execute the following command:
[maestro_install_folder]/java/bin/keytool –import
–alias NAME –file INFILE –keystore KEYFILE -trustcacerts
with the following replacements:
NAME: The name of the certificate. This must be the name of the certificate that the CSR
was made for (the same name that was specified when the certificate and the CSR were
created).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 150 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
INFILE: The file that contains the reply from the CA with the signed certificate.
KEYFILE: The keystore file in which the certificate is stored. This can either be a relative
or a full path name.
The command will load the certificate from the given file, check the signature of the signer
(the CA) against a trusted root certificate of the CA and, if the signature matches, replace
the unsigned version of the certificate that was in the keystore with the signed version.
There is one critical moment here – when the tool tries to check the signature against a
trusted root certificate of the CA: If this check cannot be made because such a trusted
root certificate of the CA cannot be found, the tool will abort with an error message. In
this case, obtain a trusted root certificate from the CA first (see Section 18.3.5 Installing
a Trusted Root Certificate for more details) and then repeat the import step described
above. Java is already shipped with trusted root certificates of certain CAs, like VeriSign
and Thawte. For other CAs, obtain and install a root certificate first.
18.3.5 Installing a Trusted Root Certificate
This step is only required if the signed server certificate was obtained from a CA for which
a trusted root certificate is not already shipped with Java. An error message during the
import of the signed certificate will occur if this is the case. The required root certificate
should be available from the CA. The certificate must be stored in a file, either in “DER
encoded binary X.509” or “Base-64 encoded X.509” format. If there is access to such a
certificate file, import it into the keystore with the trusted root certificates by executing the
following command:
[maestro_install_folder]/java/bin/keytool –import
–alias NAME –file INFILE -keystore
[maestro_install_folder]/java/lib/security/cacerts
with the following replacements:
NAME: The name to be given to the certificate in the keystore. This name is not important
for anything, except for recognition later. In addition, this name must not yet be in use in
the keystore.
INFILE: The file in which the X.509 certificate from the CA is stored.
The password of the default keystore file will be queried for, which should have been set
to something other than its default “changeit” earlier. See Section 18.3.1 Securing the
Trusted Root Certificate Keystore for more information. The command will present the
details of the certificate to be imported in a way similar to Figure 18-2.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 151 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
Figure 18-2 Imported Certificate
Owner: OU=For VeriSign authorized testing only. No assurances (C)VS1997,
OU=www.verisign.com/repository/TestCPS Incorp. By Ref. Liab. LTD., O="VeriSign, Inc"
Issuer: OU=For VeriSign authorized testing only. No assurances (C)VS1997,
OU=www.verisign.com/repository/TestCPS Incorp. By Ref. Liab. LTD., O="VeriSign, Inc"
Serial number: 52a9f424da674c9daf4f537852abef6e
Valid from: Sun Jun 07 02:00:00 GMT+02:00 1998 until: Wed Jun 07 01:59:59
GMT+02:00 2006
Certificate fingerprints:
MD5:
40:06:53:11:FD:B3:3E:88:0A:6F:7D:D1:4E:22:91:87
SHA1: 93:71:C9:EE:57:09:92:5D:0A:8E:FA:02:0B:E2:F5:E6:98:6C:60:DE
Trust this certificate? [no]:
The presentation contains details about the certificate, but these could have been forged.
It also contains the certificate’s fingerprints, which can be used to verify that the certificate
has not been falsified. For example, if the certificate was emailed (thus giving a potential
attacker the possibility to “catch” the email before it reaches its destination, and replacing
the certificate therein with his own certificate for a future “man-in-the-middle” attack), then
it is advisable to call the responsible person from the CA, to verify the fingerprint of the
certificate over the phone.
Once the certificate is believed to be genuine, answer [Yes] and RETURN to the question
“Trust this certificate?” After this is done, the certificate is installed as a new trusted root
certificate in the default Java root certificate store, and can now be used to import server
certificates signed by the CA from which the root certificate was obtained, as described
in Section 18.3.4 Installing the Signed Server Certificate.
Tip: Internet Explorer comes (as many browsers do) with an extensive list of trusted root
certificates. It also allows those certificates to be exported to a file in the X.509 format
required for import by “keytool”. Therefore, if a CA is chosen to sign the server
certificate for which there is no trusted root certificate already in the Java default
keystore, it is very easy to locate a root certificate by exporting it from Internet
Explorer as described below. This description is for IE 5.0, 5.5 and 6.0; other
versions may vary.
Go to Tools > Internet Options… > Content tab > Certificates… > Trusted Root
Certification Authorities tab, and look for a matching root certificate (many CAs have
several of these). This might have to be done by trial-and-error until a matching
certificate is found. Select the certificate and click [Export]. In the Export wizard,
choose either DER encoded binary X.509 (.CER) or Base-64 encoded X.509
(.CER) and supply a suitable filename. Next, complete the export. The file that is
exported can then be imported into Java’s default keystore as described above.
18.3.6 Making LISTSERV Maestro Aware of the Server Certificate
Once you have imported the signed server certificate into your keystore file, you now
need to make the LISTSERV Maestro server aware of this certificate, as a last step of
securing your server.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 152 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
On the server that you want to secure with SSL, edit the file “tomcat.ini”:
[maestro_install_folder]/conf/tomcat.ini
To enable SSL, you need to add a SecureServer entry with the value of “true”, like
this:
SecureServer=true
Note: Setting this entry to “false” or any other value, or not specifying the entry at all,
will have the effect that SSL will be disabled, in which case the description below
does not apply either.
In addition to enabling SSL as described above, you also need to specify the information
about the keystore file in which the server certificate is stored. You do so with the
following two entries:
KeystoreFile=KEYSTORE_PATH
KeystorePassword=PASSWORD
with the following replacements:
•
KEYSTORE_PATH: Replace with the absolute path to the keystore file (on Windows
including drive letter) in which the signed certificate can be found. You can not use a
relative path name but must supply the full path to the file.
You can store the keystore file itself in any place that seems appropriate, but the
[maestro_install_folder]/conf folder seems like a good choice.
•
PASSWORD: Replace with the password that you used for the keystore (as explained
earlier, you must have used the same password for the certificate itself too).
Security Issue: As you see, the password to the keystore and the certificate therein is
included as plain text in this file. This can be a security breach, if unauthorized
persons have access to this file. You should therefore employ the appropriate
operating system or file system security measures, so that only authorized
persons can access the tomcat.ini file (since it is a file integral to the
functioning of the server, you should have done this anyway, because tampering
with this file, or other files in the installation folder, may stop LISTSERV Maestro
from working properly).
You may also have to edit the Port entry in the same tomcat.ini file. This entry
specifies the port to be used for receiving client requests.
If this entry is not specified, the appropriate default port will be used, i.e. in case of
HTTPS (which you have enabled by specifying “SecureServer=true”) the default
HTTPS-port 443 would be used.
However, if the Port entry is specified, it overrides this default behavior.
Therefore, once you have enabled SSL, check if the port entry matches the now enabled
HTTPS protocol: If a Port entry is present, does it specify the correct port you want to
use even for HTTPS? If not, either remove the entry (to use the default port 443) or
change its value to your desired port.
If you do change the Port entry, please see also Section 14.2.1 Configuring the HTTP
Port about other issues that may apply when changing the HTTP port (or in this case the
HTTPS port).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 153 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
Finally, if the LUI component is among the components that are now secured with SSL,
you need to edit the lui.ini file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
and add the following entry:
ExternalProtocolIsHTTPS=true
and/or, if the HUB component is among the components that are now secured with SSL,
you need to edit the same lui.ini as above and add the following entry:
HubExternalProtocolIsHTTPS=true
and/or, if the TRK component is among the components that are now secured with SSL,
you need to edit the same lui.ini as above and add the following entry:
TrkExternalProtocolIsHTTPS=true
(Note that in all three cases the same lui.ini file is edited!)
LISTSERV Maestro is now prepared for SSL access. Start (or restart) LISTSERV
Maestro to make the changes effective.
You can access LISTSERV Maestro normally, only now you need to use “https:” URLs
instead of the standard “http:”, because once you have enabled and configured SSL
access as described above, the communication with all components on this server may
now only happen via HTTPS anymore. Normal access to this server via HTTP is no
longer possible.
Note: It is normally not a good idea to secure access to Maestro Tracker; therefore, if you
want to secure your Administration Hub and/or Maestro User Interface
components with SSL, then you must install them on a separate server from the
Maestro Tracker component (however, those two may be on the same server, as
long as you plan to secure both of them).
18.3.7 Securing a Server with Multiple Host Names
Under normal circumstances, SSL does not work if the server has several different host
names, which are mapped to the same IP-address. This is a technical limitation of SSL,
not a specific limitation of LISTSERV Maestro.
The reason for this is, that SSL is supposed to encrypt all data that is being transferred
between the server and the browser. Therefore, the SSL handshake (through which
server and browser negotiate the encryption details) has to happen as the very first thing
once a SSL connection has been established, before any other data is transferred
(otherwise that data would not be encrypted). This means that not even the initial request
itself (which contains the hostname that the request is directed to) has been transferred
at this point.
Therefore, at the moment the SSL handshake is happening, the server does not yet know
which host name the browser is trying to access. The server only knows the IP-address
that the browser is connecting to. Because of this, the server must determine the
certificate that is to be used for the SSL encryption based only on the IP-address. It can
not select the certificate based on the host name that is contained in the request.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 154 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
But if the IP-address is mapped to several host names, then the server will likely select
the wrong certificate. Because if there are several certificates for the same IP-address
(as is the case if there are several certificates for different host names, which however all
are mapped to the same IP-address), then the server will simply pick one of them, with
no guarantee that this will be the certificate that matches the host name that is contained
in the request.
Therefore, it is usually not possible to SSL-secure a server that has several different host
names, which are all mapped to the same IP-address.
If you have such a server with multiple host names, you need to assign several IPaddresses to the server so that each host name can have its own dedicated IP-address,
i.e. each IP-address that is assigned to the server must be used by only one of the
server’s host names.
Then, you can create and install certificates for all these host names, and the individual
IP-addresses will make sure, that for each SSL request that is directed to one of the host
names, the correct certificate that matches the IP-address of that host name will be
selected.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 155 -
Section 18
Securing Access with SSL
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 156 -
Section 19 Tracking and Recipient Profiles
........................................................
mong the four tracking types, LISTSERV Maestro offers two types that involve
recipient profiles – personal tracking and anonymous tracking. With personal
tracking, each recipient is identified uniquely by a recipient ID that can be traced
back to the data associated with this recipient, (the recipient’s profile). With anonymous
tracking, each recipient is identified with an anonymous ID that cannot be traced back to
the actual recipient data, but only to an anonymous profile. This is usually a subset of the
actual recipient data that contains only anonymous data, no personal data such as name
or address is included.
A
When anonymous tracking is chosen, LISTSERV Maestro always creates and stores an
anonymous profile for each recipient. For higher efficiency, if several recipients have the
same anonymous profile, only one profile entry is created and this is shared by all of the
recipients. The anonymous ID is then included in the tracking data and maps to one of
these anonymous profiles stored in LISTSERV Maestro.
The storage of personal profiles is very similar. For each recipient, a profile entry with this
recipient’s data is created. Usually there will be one entry for each recipient, but should
several recipients happen to have exactly the same profile, only one profile entry will be
generated and this will be shared by those recipients. Both anonymous and personal
profiles are stored in the Maestro System database. See Section 10 The System
Database for additional information.
Anonymous profiles always need to be created and stored by LISTSERV Maestro,
because they simply do not exist anywhere else. However, with personal profiles, this is
usually different. The personal profile of a recipient contains the full set of data associated
with that recipient. It maps to one row in the uploaded recipients file (in CSV format), or
to one row in the result set that was selected from the database. Each column in the row
constitutes one field of the profile data, where the column headers from the uploaded file
or the database table are the labels of these fields.
For personal tracking, the recipient data must also contain one column with a unique
recipient ID – a column with values that can be used to identify the recipient from all other
recipients.
More often than not, the recipient data already comes from some type of database. Either
it was exported from the database and then uploaded as a recipients file, or the Maestro
User Interface selected it directly from the database (possibly by using a database
backed target group). In both cases, there is already a table in a database that contains
the full recipient profiles, including the unique recipient IDs. In some cases, when the
Maestro User Interface is used with an external system database, and that database
happens to be the same database as the one where the recipients originally came from,
the original recipient profiles exist in the same database where the Maestro User
Interface will store them. Under certain circumstances, therefore, it seems redundant to
allow the Maestro User Interface store personal profile information in its database, when
the same information already exists in another database (or even in the same database,
if the database is shared as explained above).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 155 -
Section 19
Tracking and Recipient Profiles
To avoid this circumstance, the Maestro User Interface offers an option to switch off the
storing of personal profiles in the Maestro System Database. To do this, edit the following
file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Add this entry:
CreatePersonalProfileTables=false
If the entry is set to false, then the Maestro User Interface will not write personal profiles
into its system database. If it is set to true (or missing, which is the default after
installation) the Maestro User Interface will create personal profiles. Restart the Maestro
User Interface after the change to make the entry effective.
The actual difference between permitting and not permitting the Maestro User Interface
to create personal profiles is that if the Maestro User Interface creates personal profiles,
then the match between the recipient ID that is collected with the tracking event and the
corresponding recipient (that recipient’s profile) can be made directly in the Maestro User
Interface.
If the report type Details Report is run, the resulting table will have one entry for each
recipient for which one of the events selected was registered. Optionally, with a count that
details the amount of these events that were registered. One row per recipient is
generated, including the recipient’s profile as values in the row.
Figure 19-1 Example of Recipients Profile Data Table
"Count","ID","Name","EMail","Age","ZIP"
"5","fred1","Fred","[email protected]","52","12345"
"2","wilma1","Wilma","[email protected]","45","12345"
etc...
The Count column is optional.
With this table, it is immediately apparent which recipients reacted to the message (and
how often, if the Count column is included), as the details of each recipient are included
in the form of a profile.
If the version of this table without the Count column is chosen, the same table can also
be used, without any modifications, to upload the recipients list for another job (for
example to send a follow-up mail to all recipients that reacted to the previous mail). The
data is already in the CSV-format that the Maestro User Interface understands, and since
all recipient profiles are already in the Maestro User Interface database, the profiles will
not be recreated, but instead the existing profiles are reused.
In contrast, if the Maestro User Interface does not create personal profiles, then it is
necessary to make the match between the recipient IDs and the actual recipients behind
them with a tool outside of LISTSERV Maestro, because the Maestro User Interface does
not contain the information to do so itself. To help make this match, the Maestro User
Interface will output a table with the recipient IDs in question when the Details Report is
run. The result is one row per recipient, with the recipient’s ID as the value in the row.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 156 -
Section 19
Tracking and Recipient Profiles
Figure 19-2 Example of Recipients ID in Data Table
"Count","ID"
"5","fred1"
"2","wilma1"
etc...
Again, the column Count is optional.
Here, only the ID’s of the recipients that reacted (and how often, if the Count column was
included) are apparent, but any further details regarding the recipients are not.
This data would have to be brought into context with the original source of the recipients,
by whatever reporting or analysis tool preferred to discover more details about the users.
The type of handling of the personal profiles depends on the requirements of the
feedback desired:
•
If immediate and simple-to-get feedback is desired about the recipients who trigger
the events, and there is no concern about saving storage space, (keeping redundant
versions of the profiles in different databases) choose the option of permitting the
Maestro User Interface to create personal profile entries. Set the INI-file entry to
true or leave it out, which is the default after installation.
•
If there is no concern about receiving feedback on the identity of the recipients
quickly and there is concern about saving disk space, keeping redundant sets of
data is not desired. Choose the option of not storing profile entries in the Maestro
System Database by setting the INI-file entry to false.
The choice between allowing and not allowing the Maestro User Interface to store
personal profiles in the system database is really an advanced administration feature. If
there is any concern about this choice, keep the default of letting the Maestro User
Interface store the profiles. Only change this setting after thoughtful consideration of the
requirements and the impact this will have.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 157 -
Section 19
Tracking and Recipient Profiles
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 158 -
Section 20 Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
........................................................
he following rules apply to the lui.ini, hub.ini, tracker.ini, and
tomcat.ini INI-files, which are the configuration files for the Maestro User
Interface, Administration Hub, and Maestro Tracker components. (The my.ini
configuration file of the internal MySQL database follows different rules since it’s a third
party product. See the MySQL documentation for details.)
T
•
All INI-files are text files and assumed to be encoded in the default encoding for the
platform being used. For most English/European installations that would be ISO8859-1 [Latin 1 – Western European].
•
In the files, every parameter occupies one line. Each line must be terminated by a
line terminator (LF, CR, or CRLF). All lines in the file are processed.
•
A line that contains only white space or whose first non-white space character is an
ASCII “#” or “!” is regarded as a comment, and its content is ignored.
•
Every line other than a blank line or a comment line describes one parameter
(except if a line ends with a backslash “\”, then the following line, if it exists, is
treated as a continuation line, as described below).
•
A parameter always consists of a key and a value. Keys and values are separated
by white space or “=” or “:”. Any white space around the separation character is also
ignored.
•
All remaining characters on the line become part of the associated value. Some
characters which otherwise have special meanings, need to be escaped with a
backslash. The ASCII escape sequences “\t”(TAB), “\n”(LF), “\r”(CR),
“\\”(backslash), “\"”(quotation mark), “\'”(apostrophe), “\ “(space), and
“\uxxxx” (where “xxxx” is the Unicode-value of the required character, expressed
in hexadecimal format) are recognized and converted to single characters.
•
In the case that the last character on a line is a “\”, then the next line is treated as a
continuation of the current line; the “\” and line terminator is simply discarded, and
any leading white space characters on the continuation line are also discarded and
are not part of the parameter value.
Examples:
Each of the following four lines specifies the key "Truth" and the associated value
"Beauty":
Truth = Beauty
Truth:Beauty
Truth :Beauty
Truth Beauty
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 159 -
Section 20
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
The following three lines specify a single parameter:
fruits
apple, banana, pear, \
cantaloupe, watermelon, \
kiwi, mango
The key is "fruits" and the associated value is:
“apple, banana, pear, cantaloupe, watermelon, kiwi, mango”
Note that a space appears before each “\” so that a space will appear after each comma
in the final result; the “\”, the line terminator and leading white space on the continuation
line are discarded and are not replaced by one or more other characters.
As a last example, the line:
cheeses
specifies that the key is "cheeses" and the associated value is the empty string.
20.1 Maestro User Interface INI-File Entries
The following table shows all possible entries of the lui.ini file for the Maestro User
Interface component. For any entry that is missing in the INI-file, the corresponding
default value is assumed. Changes in INI files require a restart of the component to take
effect.
Table 20-1 Maestro User Interface INI-File Entries
Entry Key
Description
AddJobIdToAllMessages
Defines if the LISTSERV Maestro job ID should be included
in the message ID of all outgoing emails or not. Set to either
true or false.
Default: false
AllowCharsetChoice
Defines if the user is allowed to change the content charset
on a job-by-job basis, or if he has to accept the default
charset (see “DefaultMailCharset”).
Default: true
See Section 27.1 Defining the Default Mail Charset.
AllowISO-i-Mails
Defines if the special bi-directional charsets”ISO-8859-6-i”
and “ISO-8859-8-i” will be used in outgoing mail instead of
their normal Iso-8859 counterparts.
Default: true
See Section 27.2 Allowing or Disallowing Bi-Directional
Character Sets.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 160 -
Section 20
AllowPersistentCookies
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Defines if the Maestro User Interface is allowed to store
persistent cookies in the client browser so that the user
interface may remember certain user settings between two
sessions. If set to “false”, then these settings will be stored
as session-cookies only and will be forgotten when the
browser is closed.
Default: true
ChangeLog
Specifies whether or not a change log of subscriber
activities (for hosted lists and datasets) is to be created.
(Optionally) If a change log file is used, then this defines the
time period for each log (i.e. daily, weekly, monthly, or
yearly).
See Section 13.2 Subscriber Activity Change Log.
Default: false
ClickThroughURL
Path-part of the click-through tracking URL used for URLs
without passing of merged parameters.
Default: /trk/click
ClickThroughPPURL
Path-part of the click-through tracking URL used for URLs
with passing of merged parameters.
Default: /trk/click
CreatePersonalProfileTables
Specify whether full personal profiles should be stored in
the system database when personal tracking is used.
Default: true
See Section 19 Tracking and Recipient Profiles .
DashboardReportLifetimeBase
Defines the basis for the calculation of the dashboard
report lifetime, in minutes. For efficiency’s sake, a
dashboard report is refreshed again only after its lifetime
has expired. The lifetime until the next refresh is recalculated after each refresh as a random value in the
range from “baseTime” to “baseTime*1.5”.
Note: Tracking event reports do not use this base-time, as
they determine their lifetime based on the event transfer
interval instead.
Default: 4 (i.e. by default the actual dashboard lifetime is a
random value in the range between 4 and 6 minutes.)
DefaultCustomizationLanguage
Defines the language that is to be used for the membership
area subscriber pages of all datasets that do not have their
own membership area language defined. The language
must be specified using its corresponding two-letter ISO
language code (in lower case), as defined by the alpha-2
code of ISO-639-1 (see http://www.loc.gov/standards/
iso639-2/php/English_list.php).
Default: “English (Default)”
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 161 -
Section 20
DefaultMailCharset
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Defines the charset that is to be used as the charset of the
content for newly created jobs that are not copies of
existing jobs. May or may not be changed by user (see
“AllowCharsetChoice”).
Default: ISO-8859-1
See Section 27.1 Defining the Default Mail Charset.
DistributeChunkSize
Defines if distribute chunking will be performed and with
which chunk size. A chunk size of zero or less means that
no distribute chunking will be performed. A positive nonzero chunk size means that chunking will be performed
with chunks of the given size, but with a minimum size of
10000 (i.e. any positive chunk size less than 10000 will be
treated as if 10000 had been specified).
Default: 100000
ExpiredConfirmCleanupInterval
Determines how often the system looks for (and cleans out)
expired unconfirmed subscriptions to hosted tables and
lists (i.e., subscriptions that were not confirmed during the
given expiration interval – see INI-file parameter
OptInConfirmationExpiration). Specified as a
number, which defines the cleanup interval length in
“hours” (i.e., every “N” hours the system checks for expired
subscriptions and cleans them out).
Default: 1
See the LISTSERV Maestro Data Administrator’s Manual
for more information about subscription confirmations.
ExternalHostName
The host name of the Maestro User Interface server as
seen by clients that access the user interface with a web
browser. To be used if clients shall access the server with
a different host name than the normal internal host name of
the server, for example when using a proxy.
Default: The value of the HostName parameter, if present.
Otherwise the normal host name (canonical host name) of
the server running the Maestro User Interface.
See Section 23.3.1 Configuring LISTSERV Maestro
Components with Server Name Aliases or Proxies.
ExternalHTTPPort
The HTTP (or HTTPS) port of the Maestro User Interface
server as seen by clients that access the user interface with
a web browser. To be used if the external port of the server
is different than the default for the protocol employed (both
if the normal HTTP or the secure HTTPS protocol is
employed).
Default: 80 (if the protocol is HTTP) or 443 (if the protocol
is HTTPS)
See Section 14.2.1 Configuring the HTTP Port.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 162 -
Section 20
ExternalProtocolIsHTTPS
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Defines if HTTPS is used as the access protocol for the
Maestro User Interface web-interface pages. Set to “true” if
HTTPS is used, or “false”, if normal HTTP is used.
Default: false
See Section 18 Securing Access with SSL.
Home
Home folder in which work-files are kept.
Default: subfolder “lui” in installation folder
HostName
The host name of the local machine that is to be used
whenever a name is required to identify the local host (and
no other INI-parameter overrides this for a specific
purpose).
Default: normal host name (canonical host name) of the
server running the Maestro User Interface.
HubContext
Context-path part of the user interface access URLs for the
Administration Hub component.
Default: hub
HubExternalHostName
The host name of the Administration Hub server as seen by
clients that access the hub interface with a web browser. To
be used if clients shall access the hub server with a
different host name than the normal internal host name of
the server, for example if the server has several names or
when using a proxy.
Default: the host name defined by the RegistryHubHost
parameter. If that parameter is not present either, the
normal host name (canonical host name) of the server
running the Maestro User Interface.
See Section 23 Distributed Components.
HubExternalHTTPPort
The HTTP (or HTTPS) port of the Administration Hub
server as seen by clients that access the hub user interface
with a web browser. To be used if the external port of the
server is different than the default for the protocol
employed (both if the normal HTTP or the secure HTTPS
protocol is employed).
Default: 80 (if the protocol is HTTP) or 443 (if the protocol
is HTTPS)
See Section 14.2.1 Configuring the HTTP Port.
HubExternalProtocolIsHTTPS
Defines if HTTPS is used as the access protocol for the
Administration Hub web-interface pages. Set to “true” if
HTTPS is used, or “false”, if normal HTTP is used.
Default: false
See Section 18 Securing Access with SSL.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 163 -
Section 20
HubRMIPort
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Internal communication port (RMI-Port) of the
Administration Hub server.
Default: 1099
See Section 14.2.2 Configuring the Internal
Communication Port.
LogFolder
Defines the folder under which the Maestro User Interface
component stores the log files.
Default: The "logs" subfolder of the LUI home folder (i.e., by
default, the subfolder "lui/logs" of the installation folder).
MaintenanceMode
Defines if the Maestro User Interface component will run in
maintenance mode or not.
Default: false
See Section 6.3 User Restrictions.
OpenUpURL
Path-part of the open-up tracking URL.
Default: /trk/open
OptInConfirmExpiration
The expiration time for unconfirmed subscriptions to hosted
datasets and lists – i.e., the amount of time after the initial
subscription request during which the subscriber may
confirm the subscription (“double opt-in”) before the
subscription request expires and is removed. Specified as
a number, which defines the expiration time in hours.
Default: 48
See the LISTSERV Maestro Data Administrator’s Manual
for more information about subscription confirmations.
RegistryHubHost
Host name of the server with the Administration Hub
component.
Default: localhost
RemoteAdminPassword
Password for remote log file access.
Default: none (no remote log file access allowed)
RestoreBackup
Path name of the folder containing the backup that shall be
restored during the next startup. Note: This key will be
automatically removed from the INI-file during the next
startup.
Default: none
See Section 11.7 Restoring a Backup.
RMIPort
Internal communication port (RMI-Port) of the Maestro
User Interface server.
Default: 1099
See Section 14.2.2 Configuring the Internal
Communication Port.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 164 -
Section 20
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
ShowEventsCountOnDashboard
Define if the “Currently in the system” section of the
dashboard is supposed to display the current count of
events in the system or not. On systems with a lot of
events, the calculation of this count may be slow, thus
slowing down the dashboard display. In this case it may be
a good idea to disable the display of this count by supplying
“false”.
Default: true
Host name of the server with the Maestro Tracker
component.
Default: localhost
TrackerHost
See Section 23.2.3 Moving the Maestro Tracker
Component to Another Server.
Internal communications port (RMI-Port) of the Maestro
Tracker server
TrackerRMIPort
Default: 1099
See Section 14.2.2 Configuring the Internal
Communication Port.
TrkExternalProtocolIsHTTPS
Defines if HTTPS is used as the access protocol for the
TRK component (i.e. for the tracking URLs). Set to “true” if
HTTPS is used, or “false”, if normal HTTP is used.
Default: false
UnsubscribedCleanupInterval
Determines how often the system looks for (and cleans out)
subscribers of hosted LISTSERV lists that have
unsubscribed by email (i.e. not by the LISTSERV Maestro
web interface). Specified as a number, which defines the
cleanup interval length in “minutes” (i.e., every “N” minutes
the system checks for unsubscribed subscribers and
cleans out their data.)
Default: 10
See the LISTSERV Maestro Data Administrator’s Manual
for more information about subscription confirmations.
20.2 Administration Hub INI-File Entries
The following table shows all possible entries of the hub.ini file for the Administration
Hub component. For any entry that is missing in the INI-file, the corresponding default
value is assumed. Changes in INI files require a restart of the component to take effect.
Table 20-2 Administration Hub INI-File Entries
Entry Key
Description
Home
Home folder in which work-files are kept.
Default: subfolder “hub” in installation folder
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 165 -
Section 20
HostName
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
The host name of the local machine that is to be used
whenever a name is required to identify the local host (and
no other INI-parameter overrides this for a specific
purpose).
Default: normal host name (canonical host name) of the
server running the Administration Hub.
LiteMode
Defines if LISTSERV Maestro will run in lite-mode or not.
Only in lite-mode will LISTSERV Maestro accept lite-LAKs
during login to LUI. Set to true for lite-mode or false for
full-mode.
Default: false
LogFolder
Defines the folder under which the Administration Hub
component stores the log files.
Default: The "logs" subfolder of the HUB home folder
(i.e., by default, the subfolder "hub/logs" of the installation
folder).
RegistryDomain
The domain name with which the Administration Hub
component stores its settings in its own registry.
Default: HUB
RemoteAdminPassword
Password for remote log file access.
Default: none (no remote log file access allowed)
See Section 13.1 Remote Log Access.
RMIPort
Internal communication port (RMI-Port) of the
Administration Hub server.
Default: 1099
See Section 14.2.2 Configuring the Internal
Communication Port.
20.3 Maestro Tracker INI-File Entries
The following table shows all possible entries of the tracker.ini file for the Maestro
Tracker component. For any entry that is missing in the INI-file, the corresponding default
value is assumed. Changes in INI files require a restart of the component to take effect.
Table 20-3 Maestro Tracker INI-File Entries
Entry Key
Description
FixUserAgentTable
Set this key to “true” if you want Tracker to check the user-agents
table for consistency and to repair it (if there is any file corruption
found). Tracker will notice the key during the next startup and
perform the check/repair during the startup.
This key is automatically removed from the INI-file during startup.
Default: none
Use this only if instructed to by L-Soft Support.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 166 -
Section 20
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Home
Home folder in which work-files are kept.
Default: subfolder “trk” in installation folder
HostName
The host name of the local machine that is to be used whenever a
name is required to identify the local host (and no other INIparameter overrides this for a specific purpose).
Default: normal host name (canonical host name) of the server
running Maestro Tracker.
HubRMIPort
Internal communication port (RMI-Port) of the Administration Hub
server.
Default: 1099
See Section 14.2.2 Configuring the Internal Communication Port.
LogFolder
Defines the folder under which the Maestro Tracker component
stores the log files.
Default: The "logs" subfolder of the TRK home folder (i.e., by
default, the subfolder "trk/logs" of the installation folder).
RegistryDomain
The domain name with which the Maestro Tracker component
stores its settings in the Administration Hub registry.
Default: TRK
RegistryHubHost
Host name of the server with the Administration Hub component.
Default: localhost
RemoteAdminPassword
Password for remote log file access.
Default: none (no remote log file access allowed)
See Section 13.1 Remote Log Access.
RMIPort
Internal communication port (RMI-Port) of the Maestro Tracker
server.
Default: 1099
See Section 14.2.2 Configuring the Internal Communication Port.
20.4 Tomcat INI-File Entries
The following tables show all possible entries of the tomcat.ini file for Tomcat. For any
entry that is missing in the INI-file, the corresponding default value is assumed. Changes
in INI files require a restart of the component to take effect.
20.4.1 Basic Tomcat Configuration Parameters
The following table shows the basic entries of the tomcat.ini file for Tomcat.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 167 -
Section 20
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Table 20-4 Basic Configuration for Tomcat INI-File Entries
Entry Key
Description
BindAddress
The local IP-address that the server shall bind to (i.e. the server will
accept connections only if directed to this IP Address).
Default: By default, the server binds to all addresses of the local
computer (i.e. accepts connections on all of these addresses).
See Section 15 Defining IP Addresses.
MaxPostSize
The maximum size (in bytes) that the server will accept in a POST
request (i.e. the maximum size of bytes that be uploaded to the
server). The limit can be disabled by setting to a value less than or
equal to 0.
Default: 1 (i.e. the limit is disabled by default).
The HTTP (or HTTPS) port used to accept client connections.
Port
Default: 80 (for HTTP) or 443 (for HTTPS).
Restrict.CONTEXT.N
Restrict access to component specified by “CONTEXT” (HUB, LUI,
TRK, and LIST) to certain IP addresses.
See Section 17.1 IP Address Restrictions.
ShutdownPort
The port used listen for shutdown requests.
Default: 8007
SSL-Related Entries (See Section 18 Securing Access with SSL)
SecureServer
Defines if the server is supposed to be secure (true) or not
(false). A secure server uses the HTTPS protocol; a non-secure
server used the normal HTTP protocol.
Default: false
KeystoreFile
Only used if “SecureServer=true”.
The name of the keystore-file that contains the server certificate to
be used for the HTTPS protocol. The file must exist and must
contain a usable server certificate. The given filename must
include the full absolute path to the file (for Windows, include the
drive letter).
Default: [install_folder]/conf/keys.keystore
KeystorePassword
Only used if “SecureServer=true”.
The password used to access the keystore-file as defined by the
“KeystoreFile” entry.
Default: changeit
20.4.2 Advanced Tomcat Configuration Parameters
The following table shows the advanced entries of the tomcat.ini file for Tomcat. Do
not change these unless instructed by L-Soft Support.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 168 -
Section 20
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
Table 20-5 Advanced Configuration for Tomcat INI-File Entries
Entry Key
Description
AcceptCount
The maximum queue length for incoming connection requests
when all possible request processing threads are in use. Any
requests received when the queue is full will be refused.
Default: 100
AdditionalHost.N
Defines an additional host, to be used for added custom content.
See Section 25 Adding Content to the Tomcat Server.
Default: By default there are no additional hosts.
AllowTrace
Specifies whether the TRACE HTTP method is enabled (true) or
not (false).
Default: false
BufferSize
The size (in bytes) of the buffer to be provided for input streams
servicing incoming requests.
Default: 2048
ConnectionLinger
The number of milliseconds during which the sockets used by the
server will linger when they are closed. Socket linger can be
disabled by setting this entry to “1”.
Default: 1 (disabled by default)
ConnectionTimeout
Defines the number of milliseconds the server will wait, after
accepting a connection, for the request URI line to be presented.
Default: 60000 (60 seconds)
DefaultContext
Defines the default context. See Section 25 Adding Content to the
Tomcat Server for details.
Default: none
MaxKeepAliveRequests
The maximum number of HTTP requests which can be pipelined
until the connection is closed by the server. Setting this entry to “1”
will disable HTTP/1.0 keep-alive as well as HTTP/1.1 keep-alive
and pipelining. Setting this entry to “-1” will allow an unlimited
amount of pipelined or keep-alive HTTP requests.
Default: 100
MaxSpareThreads
The maximum number of unused request processing threads that
will be allowed to exist until the thread pool starts stopping the
unnecessary threads.
Default: 50
MaxThreads
The maximum number of request processing threads to be created
by this server (i.e. the maximum number of simultaneous requests
that can be handled).
Default: 200
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 169 -
Section 20
MinSpareThreads
Editing LISTSERV Maestro INI Files
The number of request processing threads that will be created
when the server is first started. The server will also make sure that
it has the specified number of idle processing threads available.
This entry should be set to a value smaller than that for the
“MaxThreads” entry.
Default: 10
SSL-related Entries (See Section 18 Securing Access with SSL)
KeystoreType
Only used when “SecureServer=true”.
Defines the type of the keystore-file. Possible types are “JKS” or
“PKCS12”. Usually you should use keystore files of the “JKS” type.
Default: JKS
SSLProtocol
Only used when “SecureServer=true”.
Defines the version of the SSL protocol to use. Possible versions
are “TLS” and “SSL”. It is recommended to always use the “TLS”
protocol.
Default: TLS
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 170 -
Section 21 Authenticating Message Origin
with DomainKeys Signatures
........................................................
ISTSERV Maestro allows you to use DomainKeys signatures to authenticate that
the messages (sent for a specific email job) do indeed originate from the domain
in the “From:” address. Major ISPs already check every incoming mail to see if it
is signed with a valid DomainKeys signature. Once DomainKeys has become an
accepted standard for message origin verification, the current policy of only informing the
recipient about the DomainKeys verification result in an additional header entry may
change, and an ISP may opt to not even deliver the message to the recipient or to mark
it as coming from an unsure origin. Therefore, in order to achieve good deliverability,
signing messages with a valid DomainKeys signature can become more important in the
future.
L
Support for DomainKeys signatures in LISTSERV Maestro works on three levels:
•
LISTSERV as the mail distribution engine must be configured to support
DomainKeys signatures for certain address domains, which requires creating a valid
private/public RSA key pair and additional configuration of LISTSERV parameters.
See the LISTSERV documentation for further details about setting up DomainKeys
at a LISTSERV host.
•
The LISTSERV Maestro Administration Hub allows you to enable or disable
DomainKeys signatures on the application default level and the group/single user
level.
•
The LISTSERV Maestro User Interface contains settings for defining the sender of a
certain email job.
To define application-wide default settings for DomainKeys signatures, open the
Administration Hub, click on the Global Component Settings icon, click Maestro User
Interface, and then click Default DomainKeys Settings. The DomainKeys Settings
screen opens, allowing you to define the default behavior for DomainKeys signatures.
This screen also lets you define whether or not users are allowed to change the
DomainKeys signature settings for each job.
To setup the DomainKeys signature settings for a group and user, click on the
Administer User Accounts icon, click on the name of a group or user (if you clicked on
a user, then you may need to click Maestro User Interface next), then click
DomainKeys Settings. In addition to the options described above, this screen also
allows you to define whether or not a certain group or single user is supposed to use the
application-wide defaults or special local settings.
If your company or organization has decided that all messages that are sent using
LISTSERV Maestro are to be signed with a DomainKeys signature, then choose Yes,
sign e-mails for DKIM and The user must use the setting supplied above without
changes for each mail job on the DomainKeys Setting screen (for application-wide
defaults), and then make sure that all groups/users have the Use inherited value option
selected.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 171 -
Section 21
Authenticating Message Origin with DomainKeys
If your organization has decided that all messages sent from certain groups using
LISTSERV Maestro are to be signed with a DomainKeys signature, then you can create
a less strict policy by defining group-level deviations from the application-wide default
settings. For example, one group may require the use of DomainKeys signatures while
another group may not.
If it is not possible to agree on a strict policy for these settings even on the lowest group
and/or single user level, then you should first choose a suitable default for enabling or
disabling DomainKeys signatures, and then select the The user may change the
setting supplied above on a per-job basis option.
Important: Before actually using such a setup, make sure to educate your users about
the pros and cons of DomainKeys signatures. In a high volume environment, one
reason to opt against DomainKeys signatures is that mail job delivery
performance is impacted. LISTSERV uses highly optimized algorithms to perform
the signing and the throughput benefits from modern CPU extensions such as
SSE2, so one option to use DomainKeys even in high volume environments is to
acquire better hardware to run LISTSERV. On the other hand, not using
DomainKeys may cause deliverability problems in the future if many of your
subscribers have accounts with ISPs that enforce DomainKeys signatures on
incoming mails or mark mails that lack such a signature as “coming from unsure
origin” to warn the user about possible forgery or a phishing attempt.
The LISTSERV Maestro User Interface interacts with LISTSERV to determine if the
supplied sender address is supported by one of the DomainKeys that were deployed to
the LISTSERV host when DomainKeys was configured. This check is performed at
several stages during the life cycle of an email job. The sender definition settings of an
email job are only accepted as valid if either DomainKeys signing is switched off or if the
check succeeds at the LISTSERV host that is configured for the account. After this, an
additional check is performed when the email job is authorized for delivery. If the email
job is configured for future delivery, then there is a considerable time window during
which the administrator may opt to change the DomainKeys settings at the LISTSERV
host. Therefore, if DomainKeys has been disabled during this time window, then the
email job delivery will fail with an appropriate error message.
In addition, the system also performs consistency checks between the settings for the
current email job and the settings that are defined for the current account in the
Administration Hub. These checks ensure that the settings of the email job are the same
as the default settings if the administrator has defined that users may not change the
DomainKeys settings on the job level. Once the email job has been authorized for
delivery, these additional checks are not repeated. This means that if the settings in the
Administration Hub are changed, then this change will only affect email jobs that have
not yet been authorized for delivery. Jobs that are authorized will not be affected from
subsequent changes in the Administration Hub.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 172 -
Section 22 LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
........................................................
he goal of the LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro integration is to make the user
experience a seamless experience when working with the LISTSERV Web
Interface and with LISTSERV Maestro. This seamless integration will give the
user’s the perception that these two separate applications are actually working as one.
The integration of LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro includes the following aspects:
• LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro Interface Link – This aspect deals with
actually linking the LISTSERV Web Interface and the LISTSERV Maestro User
Interface so that a menu appears within each interface, allowing users to switch
between the two applications. For more information, see Section 22.1 Defining the
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro Interface Links.
T
•
LISTERV Web Interface (WA) and LISTSERV Maestro User Interface (LUI)
Single Sign-On – This depends on the first aspect; the link between the WA and the
LUI must be created for this aspect to work. If a link does exist, then this aspect
deals with enabling the single sign-on feature, which allows users to switch between
the two applications without having to log out and log back in. For more information,
see Section 22.2 Enabling Single Sign-On.
•
Membership Area as Subscriber’s Corner – This depends on the first aspect; the
link between the WA and the LUI must be created for this aspect to work. If a link
does exist, then this aspect deals with replacing the Subscriber’s Corner with one or
more Membership Areas. This would give the user the ability to switch from the
Membership Area to the WA Archive Pages, or vice versa, with a single sign-on. For
more information, see Section 22.3 Linking the Membership Area and the
Subscriber’s Corner.
22.1 Defining the LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro Interface Links
For user’s that regularly work with both the LISTSERV Web Interface and the LISTSERV
Maestro User Interface, then defining a link between the two interfaces will give easier
access to each and create a more fluid working environment.
Before a direct access from LISTSERV Maestro to a LISTSERV Web Interface is
possible, you first need to define an interface link to the LISTSERV host of the LISTSERV
Web Interface. Once this link is defined, then the following features are available for all
accounts and groups that use the linked LISTSERV instance:
• The Maestro User Interface will contain direct access links, via a menu, to the
LISTSERV Web Interface of the linked LISTSERV instance and vice versa. In
addition, if any account mappings are defined for the affected accounts, then users
may even switch between the two applications without having to login again for each
switch.
•
When an interface link to a LISTSERV instance is defined, then any Maestro Data
Administrator, with the necessary user right granted, will have the option to also link
any of their Maestro datasets to the LISTSERV Web Interface. If this link is created,
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 173 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
then the datasets' member areas will contain direct access links, via a menu, to the
LISTSERV archive pages and vice versa, which can be used by the dataset
members.
To establish a link to the LISTERV host of the LISTSERV Web Interface, click on the
Global Components icon, then Maestro User Interface, and finally LISTSERV Web
Interface Access. The LISTSERV Web Interface Access screen opens. Click LISTERV
Web Interface Links. The LISTSERV Web Interface Links screen opens.
Figure 22-1 LISTSERV Web Interface Links
The table lists all interface links that are currently defined. To edit an existing link, click
on the Edit link associated with that link. To create a new link, click the [Create New
Link] button.
If you are editing a link, then the Edit LISTSERV Web Interface Link screen opens. If you
are creating a new link, then the Define New LISTSERV Web Interface Link screen
opens.
Figure 22-2 Editing an Existing Link
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 174 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
When defining a new interface link, select the LISTSERV host that you want to define a
link for from the drop-down menu. This drop-down menu contains all of the LISTSERV
hosts that are in use by any of the current user accounts or groups. Each host appears
only once. Also, each host can only be linked once; therefore, the list contains only those
hosts that have no link defined as of yet.
When editing an existing interface link, the LISTSERV host that this link points to is
already defined and can no longer be changed (if the host is incorrect, simply delete this
link and create a new one with the correct host).
For the selected host, you also need to provide the postmaster address and password
and the TCPGUI-port on which the host can be reached. When you select a host from
the drop-down menu, these values will be filled out automatically, taken from the
LISTSERV connection settings of the first account or group that is found using this host.
If necessary, you can change these values.
Finally, fill out the access URL of the LISTSERV Web Interface at the selected host. This
access URL usually has the following form:
http://HOST:PORT/scripts/wa.exe
where you replace HOST with the corresponding host name and PORT with the HTTPport used on that server (if PORT is the default HTTP-port "80", then you can leave out
the :PORT part so that your URL looks like this: http://HOST/scripts/wa.exe).
Note: Usually, the value for HOST is the same host name as the LISTSERV host
defined at the top of the screen, but this is not necessarily true. For example, if
the server has several host names or if the HTTP access is routed via a proxy,
then the host name at the top of the screen must be the name by which the server
can be reached on the TCPGUI-port, while the host name for the access URL
must be the name by which the server can be reached via HTTP. In addition,
sometimes the LISTSERV Web Interface is installed to use a different URL than
the one described above; in this case, provide this URL instead.
To submit the settings, click the [OK] button; to exit without submitting, click the [Cancel]
button.
To delete an existing interface link, click the [Delete Link] button (this button is not
available when creating a new interface link).
Some special considerations when working with several LISTSERV Maestro
instances:
Each LISTSERV instance can only be linked to one single LISTSERV Maestro instance,
i.e. if you happen to have several LISTSERV Maestro instances that all use the same
LISTSERV instance, and you define an interface link to this LISTERV in the
Administration Hub of the first LISTSERV Maestro, and then you try to also define an
interface link to the same LISTSERV in the Administration Hub of the second LISTSERV
Maestro, then you will get an error message. This error message tells you that the given
LISTSERV instance has already been linked by another LISTSERV Maestro instance,
and includes an option for overriding this previous link with the new link. However, this
override can cause some problems. If you should choose to override an existing interface
link to a different LISTSERV Maestro instance, then this will have the following negative
effect:
• In the second LISTSERV Maestro instance (the one for which you define the second
interface link that now overrides the first link), you will get the expected “LISTSERV”
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 175 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
access menu (for the affected accounts) that will also correctly send users to the
web interface of the linked LISTSERV instance.
•
In the web interface (WA) of the linked LISTSERV instance, you will similarly get the
expected “Maestro” access menu that now will send all users to the second
LISTSERV Maestro instance.
•
The first LISTSERV Maestro instance, however, will be unaware of this change, i.e.
in this instance, the interface link definition will still remain in place in the
Administration Hub and the LUI will still show the “LISTSERV” access menu. Also, it
will still allow users to switch from LUI to the web interface of LISTSERV. However, if
a user does this and switches from LUI (of the first LISTSERV Maestro) to WA, and
then the user tries to go back to LUI with the menu provided in WA, then this menu
will send the user to the second LISTSERV Maestro instance, not the first instance
that the user came from.
Therefore, if you should choose to override an existing interface link (from a different
LISTSERV Maestro instance), then you should not forget to also log in into the
Administration Hub of this other LISTSERV Maestro instance and delete the interface link
to the same LISTSERV instance.
22.2 Enabling Single Sign-On
The previous section describes how you can create a link between a LISTSERV Web
Interface and the Maestro User Interface so that both contain menus that allow users to
switch between the two interfaces. However, when using these menus, users will still be
required to log in at the other interface manually, which can be quite cumbersome.
To avoid this, the single sign-on feature can be configured. This feature allows you to
define that, if a user logs in to LUI with a certain LISTSERV Maestro account, and then
this user switches over to the WA, then the user will automatically be logged in at the WA
with a certain LISTSERV account (and vice versa). For this, the following preconditions
must be fulfilled:
• An interface link between LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro must have been
defined, as described above.
•
For the user, there must exist a LISTSERV Maestro account at the linked LISTSERV
Maestro instance. The account must be configured to use the linked LISTSERV
instance (so that the “LISTSERV” menu appears when the user logs in with this
account). We call this the LUI-account below.
•
For the user, there must exist a LISTSERV account at the linked LISTSERV
instance. This account takes the form of an e-mail address for which a password
must have been registered at the linked LISTSERV instance. We call this the WAaccount below.
With these conditions fulfilled, you can now define the single sign-on feature for these two
accounts, with the following effects:
• LISTSERV Maestro account mapped to LISTSERV account – If a user logs in at
LISTSERV Maestro with the mapped LISTSERV Maestro account, then the user will
be able to switch over to the LISTSERV Web Interface without having to log in
again. In the LISTSERV Web Interface, the user will automatically be logged in with
the LISTSERV account (email address) that the LISTSERV Maestro account was
mapped to. In the other direction, if a user logs in at the LISTSERV Web Interface
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 176 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
with the mapped LISTSERV account (email address), then the user will be able to
switch over to LISTSERV Maestro without having to log in again. In LISTSERV
Maestro, the user will automatically be logged in with the LISTSERV Maestro
account from the mapping. (Although, the user may have to re-login at a later time if
the automatically created login-ticket expires. This can be avoided by allowing the
interface to store the login information in a cookie so that this re-login may happen
automatically.)
•
LISTSERV Maestro identity mapped to LISTSERV account– If a user logs in at
LISTSERV Maestro with one of the accounts in the identity, then the user will be
able to switch over to the LISTSERV Web Interface without having to log in again. In
the LISTSERV Web Interface, the user will automatically be logged in with the
LISTSERV account (email address) that the identity was mapped to. In the other
direction, if a user logs in at the LISTSERV Web Interface with the mapped
LISTSERV account (email address), then the user will be able to switch over to
LISTSERV Maestro without having to log in again. The user only needs to select
one of the LISTSERV Maestro accounts in the identity from the mapping to be
automatically logged in with this account.
To establish a mapping between LISTSERV Maestro and the LISTSERV Web Interface,
click on the Global Components icon, then Maestro User Interface, and finally
LISTSERV Web Interface Access. The LISTSERV Web Interface Access screen
opens. Click LISTERV Web Interface Account Mappings. The LISTSERV Web
Interface Mappings screen opens.
Figure 22-3 LISTSERV Web Interface Mappings
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 177 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
The table lists all existing mappings. Each mapping consists of either a LISTSERV
Maestro account or a LISTSERV Maestro identity, combined with a LISTSERV account
(in the form of an email address). For each mapping, the relevant LISTSERV hosts are
also listed (for account mappings, there is exactly one such LISTSERV host; for identity
mappings, there may be several), and each LISTSERV host is marked either as linked
or not.
Only mappings with linked LISTSERV hosts will actually be used, all other mappings are
ignored. For identity mappings with several LISTSERV hosts, some of the hosts may be
linked and some may not. In this case, only those accounts from the identity that uses
one of the linked hosts will be able to use the LISTSERV Web Interface access features
of Maestro. Therefore, it is recommended that you always create links for all hosts used
by the accounts in a mapped identity.
Note: Account mappings are ignored for those accounts where the corresponding
LISTSERV host (i.e. the LISTSERV host from the LISTSERV connection settings
that apply for the account) is not linked in the form of a LISTSERV Web Interface
Link. The status of whether or not a LISTSERV host is linked is displayed in the
table. Any account mapping where the Host Is Linked table column is displayed
as No will be ignored.
To edit an existing mapping, click on the Edit link. To create a new mapping, click the
[Create New Mapping] button.
If you are editing a mapping, then the Edit LISTSERV Web Interface Account Mapping
screen opens. If you are creating a new link, then the Define New LISTSERV Web
Interface Account Mapping screen opens.
Figure 22-4 Creating a New Account Mapping
When defining a new account mapping, select the LISTSERV Maestro account or identity
that you want to define a mapping for from the drop-down menu. This drop-down menu
contains all LISTSERV Maestro accounts that are not part of an identity and that have
not yet been mapped, as well as any identities that have not yet been mapped. The dropdown menu does not contain accounts that are already part of an identity, even if the
identity has been mapped or not. In other words, accounts that are part of an identity can
not be mapped separately, unless you map the whole identity.
When editing an existing account mapping, the LISTSERV Maestro account or identity
that is part of the mapping is already defined and can no longer be changed (if the
account/identity is incorrect, simply delete this mapping and create a new one with the
correct account/identity).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 178 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
For the selected account or identity, provide the LISTSERV Web Interface account (in
the form of an email address) that this LISTSERV Maestro account/identity is to be
mapped to. This address must be an address that has been assigned a password at the
corresponding LISTSERV host. For a mapping with a LISTSERV Maestro account, this
is the LISTSERV host from the LISTSERV connection settings that apply to the selected
account. For a mapping with an identity, this may actually be several LISTSERV hosts,
if the accounts in the identity have different LISTSERV hosts defined in their LISTSERV
connections settings. In this case, the mapped email address must have an assigned
password at each of these LISTSERV hosts.
To submit the settings, click the [OK] button; to exit the screen without submitting, click
the [Cancel] button.
To delete an existing mapping, click the [Delete Mapping] button (this button is not
available when creating a new mapping).
Some special considerations when working with “identities”:
The above describes the account mapping for normal LISTSERV Maestro accounts only,
and how this enables single sign-on for accounts which are mapped.
There is, however, another topic here, in case you are using the Identity feature of
LISTSERV Maestro. With identities, the following additional considerations apply:
•
If a LISTSERV Maestro User Interface account is part of an identity, then you can no
longer define a mapping for this account individually. Therefore, on the Define New
Mapping screen, the drop-down menu that you can select the account to map will
not contain this account.
•
However, you can create a mapping for a whole identity. Therefore, if you have any
identities defined, then, on the Define New Mapping screen, the drop-down menu
that you can select the account to map does not only contain the available user
accounts, but it also contains the available identities (those identities that are not
already mapped).
•
If a mapping is defined with an identity instead of an account, then the single sign-on
works as follows instead:
• If the user logs in to the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface with any of the
LISTSERV Maestro User Interface accounts from the identity and then
switches over to LISTERV Web Interface (using the “LISTSERV” menu), then
the user will be automatically logged in at the LISTERV Web Interface with the
LISTERV Web Interface account mapped to the identity. (Although, the user
may have to re-login at a later time if the automatically created login-ticket
expires. This can be avoided by allowing the interface to store the login
information in a cookie so that this re-login may happen automatically.)
• If the user logs in at the LISTSERV Web Interface with the LISTSERV Web
Interface account and then switches over to LISTSERV Maestro User Interface
(using the “Maestro” menu), then the user will be presented with a selection
page that shows all LISTSERV Maestro User Interface accounts in the mapped
identity. Once one of the accounts has been selected from this list, then the
user will automatically be logged in at the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface
with this LISTSERV Maestro User Interface account.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 179 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
•
It is allowed to combine LISTSERV Maestro User Interface accounts into an identity
that does not use the same LISTSERV instance. Combined with the fact that an
identity can only be mapped to only a single LISTSER Web Interface account (email
address), then the following situations may arise:
• If a user logs in to the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface with a LISTSERV
Maestro User Interface account from the identity that uses a LISTSERV
instance for which no interface link has been defined, then this user will not see
the special “LISTSERV” access menu at all.
• If a user logs in to the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface with a LISTSERV
Maestro User Interface account from the identity that uses a LISTSERV
instance for which an interface link has actually been defined, but at this
LISTSERV there exists no account that matches the mapped LISTSERV
Maestro Web Interface account (i.e. there is no password registered for this
email address), then this user will see the special “LISTSERV” access menu.
But, if the user clicks on any of its options, then they’ll have to provide the login
information at the LISTSERV Web Interface manually (if the user tries to
access a protected page).
• If a user logs in to the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface with a LISTSERV
Maestro User Interface account from the identity that uses a LISTSERV
instance for which an interface link as actually been defined, and at this
LISTSERV there actually exists an account that matches the mapped
LISTSERV Web Interface account (i.e. there is a password registered for this
email address), then this user will see the special “LISTSERV” access menu.
And, if the user clicks on any of its options, then they’ll automatically be logged
in at the LISTSERV Web Interface with the mapped LISTSERV Web Interface
account. (Although, the user may have to re-login at a later time if the
automatically created login-ticket expires. This can be avoided by allowing the
interface to store the login information in a cookie so that this re-login may
happen automatically.)
22.3 Linking the Membership Area and the Subscriber’s Corner
In addition to the link between the LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro interfaces (as
described above), it is also possible to link a dataset (or several datasets) with the
LISTSERV Web Interface (WA) so that the membership areas of the linked datasets act
as a replacement for the WA’s normal subscriber’s corner and that subscribers who login
to a member area can access the archive pages of WA.
Such a link between a dataset and the WA is defined on dataset level, i.e. by the data
administrator who has administrative access to the dataset in question. However, before
the data administrator can define such a link for a given dataset, the following
preconditions must be met:
• There must exist a normal interface link (as described in Section 22.1 Defining the
LISTSERV and LISTSERV Maestro Interface Links) between the LISTSERV
Maestro that contains the dataset and the LISTSERV instance that is configured for
the data administrator who administrates the dataset (i.e. the LISTSERV instance
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 180 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
configured in the LISTSERV connection settings of the data administrator’s account
or group).
•
The data administrator must have been granted the additional user right to create
links between datasets and the WA. To do this, go to the Administration Hub, click
on the Administer User Accounts icon, then click on the data administrator’s
account. Click Maestro User Interface, User Right Settings, and then check The
user may link Recipient Datasets to the LISTSERV Web Interface.
Once these preconditions are fulfilled, the data administrator can define a link between a
given dataset and the WA at any time using the dataset’s definition wizard (see the Data
Administrator’s Manual for these instructions).
Note: Linking a dataset in this fashion has the additional effect that the Member
Password option of the dataset is automatically set to The member will get a
system defined password, and this password can not be changed until the link
to the WA is removed.
The link between a given dataset and the WA can be defined for one or more datasets
and has the following effects:
•
In the Membership Areas of the linked datasets there will appear two additional
menu options that allow the subscribers to access the LISTSERV Archives and the
Archive Search pages in the WA.
•
In the WA, the menu options that point to the normal Subscriber’s Corner will be
hidden, and, in there place, there will be a menu that contains options to all
Membership Areas that are linked to this WA.
These menu options for the Membership Areas and the WA’s archive pages can be used
by subscribers with the single sign-on feature enabled.
Additional Considerations:
As described above, it is possible to create a link between a dataset and the WA for
several datasets at once. In this case, the WA will contain a menu that lists the
Membership Areas of all linked datasets (by name), and the user can select the
Membership Area to be directed to by selecting it from the menu. This means that, in the
WA, the user will see the names of all linked datasets and will be able to switch to all of
them, as long as the user is actually a member of the selected dataset.
As a result, when linking several datasets to the same WA, you need to carefully consider
the datasets that you want to actually link, in order to avoid causing problems.
Consider the problems in the following situations:
•
A football organization that uses LISTSERV Maestro to offer mailing lists for the fan
clubs of various rivaling football teams. All datasets are administrated by one data
administrator who is a member of the actual organization (not of one of the clubs).
Being sensible about the rivalries between the clubs, the data admin has of course
created separate datasets for each of the clubs so that the fans of one team do not
see the mailing lists dedicated to the other teams.
If the data administrator links several (or all) of these datasets to WA, then this
separation would be broken on WA’s side because, in the menu for the various
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 181 -
Section 22
LISTSERV & LISTSERV Maestro Integration
linked Membership Areas, there would appear the Membership Areas of all clubs,
possibly offending some of the fans.
A better solution would be to create different LISTSERV Maestro groups and have
each of the fan club datasets in a separate group, with a separate LISTSERV
instance for each group. That way, the data administrator could link all fan club
datasets to WA, as they would not be using the same WA.
•
A similar situation, where however the data admin is not a member of the
organization, and each fan club administrators its own datasets and mailing lists.
Because of this, the LISTSERV Maestro administrator has created separate
LISTSERV Maestro groups, one for each fan club. In these groups, the
administrator has created various accounts, one of which has the data administrator
rights for that group, so that a member of each fan club can administrator the
datasets and lists of that club. Therefore, there is a data administrator in each group,
one for each fan club.
If all groups are connected to the same LISTSERV instance (via their LISTSERV
connection settings in the Administration Hub), and the LISTSERV Maestro
administrator grants the The user may link Recipient Datasets to the LISTSERV
Web Interface user right to the data administrators of all groups, then it could
happen that each data administrator decides independently to link his dataset to the
WA. This would again have the effect that the links to various membership areas (of
the various fan clubs) all appear in the same menu in the WA, which is definitely not
a good idea.
In addition, since the various data administrators would not even know that the data
administrators of other fan clubs have also connected their dataset (until they have a
look at the WA menu), the data administrators would not even be aware of this (and
even if they were aware of this, each of them would probably demand that the other
data administrators remove their links).
Therefore, the LISTSERV Maestro administrator must take care to not simply grant
the The user may link Recipient Datasets to the LISTSERV Web Interface user
right to just any data administrator in order to avoid such conflicting situations.
A better solution would be to have separate LISTSERV instances for each of the
groups (and fan clubs); in which case, it would then be no problem if all data
administrators have this right, since they would all only affect their own WA.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 182 -
Section 23 Distributed Components
........................................................
he three LISTSERV Maestro components, the LISTSERV server(s), the SMTP
server(s), and the optional external database(s) may be installed on any
combination of hosts, from one single host shared by all components to six or
more dedicated hosts, one for each component. If different components are installed on
separate servers, it is not necessary that all of the servers have the same operating
system. It is possible to install the Maestro User Interface and Administration Hub
components on a Windows server and at the same time the Maestro Tracker component
on a Linux server and LISTSERV on Solaris (or other combinations). For more
information on host restrictions, installing LISTSERV Maestro, and starting and stopping
the LISTSERV Maestro service, see the LISTSERV Maestro Installation Manual.
Distributing components has several advantages:
• Load Distribution – Processor and disk load is shared between several servers,
giving each component more “room” to operate.
T
•
SSL Security – If SSL secure access (that is, HTTPS) is required for HUB and/or
LUI, those must be on a separate server than TRK, which must not be configured to
use SSL.
•
Separate Maintenance – Not all components have to be shut down or re-started
whenever a maintenance task on one of them requires it. The other components
may continue running (although when a component that other components rely on is
shut down, the others may have to wait for that component to come back up before
they can finish performing any tasks).
Specifically, the Maestro Tracker component has very rigid uptime requirements.
This component should constantly be running to be able to collect the tracking data
from the messages that are sent. It can only do so while it is running and connected
to the Internet. Therefore, it is not a good idea to shut down the server on which the
Maestro Tracker component is running – this should only be done as a last resort.
Other components do not have these strict uptime requirements. To minimize
Tracker downtime in the event of maintenance on the tracker components, it is a
good idea to have the Maestro Tracker component on a separate server.
For optimal performance for a high-volume installation with requirements for high
availability and high performance, a component distribution on five or more servers might
be necessary:
• User-Interface and Hub Server – Contains the LISTSERV Maestro components
Maestro User Interface and Administration Hub.
•
Tracker Server – Contains the Maestro Tracker component.
•
Database Server – Contains the Maestro System Database component.
•
LISTSERV Server – Contains the LISTSERV external component.
•
SMTP Server – Contains the SMTP service.
•
Depending on load and performance requirements, you may need additional
LISTSERV servers to assign different LISTSERV instances to each account group
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 183 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
and/or for bounce processing and/or to serve as “distribute workers” for the primary
LISTSERV server(s). To handle high volumes of deliveries quickly, you may also
need additional SMTP servers.
Tip: L-Soft Consulting Services can assist you in finding the right configuration for your
needs. Contact your L-Soft sales representative for more information.
23.1 Fresh Installation with Distributed Components
A fresh installation with distributed components is a straightforward operation. To install
any of the three LISTSERV Maestro components, simply run the LISTSERV Maestro
setup on the server where the component(s) will be installed and then select the required
components from the list, while leaving all components to be installed on other servers
unchecked. The other external components (LISTSERV, external database, and SMTP
server) are installed separately. Simply execute each application setup on the respective
server(s).
23.2 Moving Components to another Server
If you already have a running installation and plan to move one or several of its
components to other servers, you can do so too (this also applies, in slightly different
form, if you need to change the host name of the server where your components are
installed).
The following sections describe for each component, what you need to do to move it do
a different server.
23.2.1 Moving the Maestro User Interface Component to Another Server
Follow these steps to move the Maestro User Interface Component to another server:
1. As a preparation for moving the Maestro User Interface component, first think about
which kind of system database you are using:
a. If you are currently using an external system database, then you need to
make sure that the new server will also be able to contact this external
database over the network. You must also remember to add the database
driver file(s) for that external database to the fresh installation of your
Maestro User Interface on the new server (see step The Maestro User
Interface must not already be installed on the new server. However, the
Administration Hub or Maestro Tracker components may already be
installed, in which case the Maestro User Interface is added to the existing
installation: below). Remember to skip steps Only required if you are using
the internal system database: Trigger a backup of LISTSERV Maestro. In the
Administration Hub, click Global Component Settings > Administration Hub >
General Administration, and then click the [Execute Backup Now] button.
Wait for the backup to complete. Check the backup log in the “hub/logs”
folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation folder on the server where the
Administration Hub is installed. A backup log with the current date and time
must appear, and the log must state that the backup has completed
successfully., Only required if you are using the internal system database:
Copy the backup folder into which the Maestro User Interface (LUI) backup
was written during step Only required if you are using the internal system
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 184 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
database: Trigger a backup of LISTSERV Maestro. In the Administration
Hub, click Global Component Settings > Administration Hub > General
Administration, and then click the [Execute Backup Now] button. Wait for the
backup to complete. Check the backup log in the “hub/logs” folder in the
LISTSERV Maestro installation folder on the server where the Administration
Hub is installed. A backup log with the current date and time must appear,
and the log must state that the backup has completed successfully. above.
By default, the folder will have a path like:, and Only required if you are using
the internal system database: If Hosted LISTSERV Lists are being used,
then the database access configuration of all connected LISTSERV
instances needs to also be changed so that it points to the internal database
on the new server. See the installation manual for details. below, which are
only applicable when using the internal database.
b. If you are currently using the internal system database, then you must
decide whether or not you want the new server to continue using the internal
system database or if you want to switch to an external system database
instead.
If you decide to stay with the internal system database, then simply continue
with the procedure described here.
If you decide to switch to an external database, then, for the time being,
abandon the procedure described here and first switch to the new database,
as described in Section 10.1 Configuring the External System Database.
Then return to here, only that now you proceed as described in the bullet
above, which deals with an external system database.
2. Only required if you are using the internal system database: Trigger a backup of
LISTSERV Maestro. In the Administration Hub, click the Global Component Settings icon, then Administration Hub, General Administration, and then click the
[Execute Backup Now] button. Wait for the backup to complete. Check the backup
log in the “hub/logs” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation folder on the
server where the Administration Hub is installed. A backup log with the current date
and time must appear, and the log must state that the backup has completed successfully.
3. Shut down the existing LISTSERV Maestro installation on all servers where components of it are installed. If the internal database is in use and Hosted LISTSERV
Lists are being used, then shut down all LISTSERV instances as well.
4. The Maestro User Interface must not already be installed on the new server. However, the Administration Hub or Maestro Tracker components may already be
installed, in which case the Maestro User Interface is added to the existing installation:
a. If there are no LISTSERV Maestro components already installed on the new
server, then simply execute a fresh installation as described in the
installation manual for your operating system. During the installation, when
queried for which components to install, select only the Maestro User
Interface component.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 185 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
b. If there are already other LISTSERV Maestro components installed on the
new server, then start the installation package for your operating system in
the same way as if doing a fresh installation. The installation package will
then recognize the existing installation and will give you the option of adding
new components to it. Select the Maestro User Interface component to be
added and proceed with the installation.
In both cases, if you are planning to use the internal database on the new
server, then remember to also select the MySQL component during
installation. If you are not using the internal database, then do not select the
MySQL component for installation on the new server.
After the installation, do not start LISTSERV Maestro!
5. Transfer the following files and folders (including all files and subfolders in them)
from the previous server to the new server:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/luidata
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/registry
To transfer these files and folders, first delete them on the new server, then replace
them with copies of the corresponding files and folders from the previous server (do
not just copy the folders from the previous server over the same folders on the new
server, since this may result in an inconsistent mix of files from the two servers).
(Depending on your installation, these paths may be slightly different on one or both
of your servers.)
6. Only required if you are using the internal system database: Copy the backup folder
into which the Maestro User Interface (LUI) backup was written during step Only
required if you are using the internal system database: Trigger a backup of LISTSERV Maestro. In the Administration Hub, click Global Component Settings >
Administration Hub > General Administration, and then click the [Execute Backup
Now] button. Wait for the backup to complete. Check the backup log in the “hub/
logs” folder in the LISTSERV Maestro installation folder on the server where the
Administration Hub is installed. A backup log with the current date and time must
appear, and the log must state that the backup has completed successfully. above.
By default, the folder will have a path like:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/backup
However, this name may differ if you have configured a different backup folder
for the Maestro User Interface component in the Administration Hub.
Locate the backup folder and copy it to the new server (to a temporary folder
outside of the LISTSERV Maestro installation structure).
Then, edit the following file:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 186 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Add an entry like the following:
RestoreBackup=PATH_TO_BACKUP_FOLDER
where you replace “PATH_TO_BACKUP_FOLDER” with the path of the backup
folder which you have just copied to this new server (see above). You can either
give an absolute path or a path relative to the location of the “lui.ini” file.
7. On the old server, you now need to remove the previous installation of the Maestro
User Interface component:
a. On Windows: Use Windows’ Add/Remove Programs panel on the old
server to start the maintenance setup of LISTSERV Maestro. In the setup,
choose Modify, and then deselect the Maestro User Interface component
so that it is uninstalled.
b. On Linux / Solaris: Start the installation package for your operating system in
the same way as if doing a fresh installation (see installation manual). The
installation package will then recognize the existing installation and will give
you the option of removing components from it. Select the Maestro User
Interface component to be removed and proceed with the uninstallation.
8. Only required if you are using the internal system database: If Hosted LISTSERV
Lists are being used, then the database access configuration of all connected LISTSERV instances needs to also be changed so that it points to the internal database
on the new server. See the installation manual for details.
9. Restart LISTSERV Maestro (on all servers), as well as any LISTSERV instances
that have been stopped.
23.2.2 Moving the Administration Hub Component to Another Server
Follow these steps to move the Administration Hub to another server:
1. Shut down the existing LISTSERV Maestro installation on all servers where components of it are installed. If the internal database is in use and Hosted LISTSERV
Lists are being used, then shut down all LISTSERV instances as well.
2. The Administration Hub must not already be installed on the new server. However,
the Maestro User Interface or Maestro Tracker components may already be
installed, in which case the Administration Hub is added to the existing installation:
a. If there are no LISTSERV Maestro components already installed on the new
server, then simply execute a fresh installation as described in the
installation manual for your operating system. During the installation, when
queried for which components to install, select only the Administration Hub
component.
b. If there already are other LISTSERV Maestro components installed on the
new server, then start the installation package for your operating system in
the same way as if doing a fresh installation. The installation package will
then recognize the existing installation and will give you the option of adding
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 187 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
new components to it. Select the Administration Hub component to be added
and proceed with the installation.
After the installation, do not start LISTSERV Maestro!
3. Transfer the following files and folders (including all files and subfolders in them)
from the previous server to the new server:
[maestro_install_folder]/hub/hub.ini
[maestro_install_folder]/hub/accountreg
[maestro_install_folder]/hub/hubreg
To transfer these files and folders, first delete them on the new server, then replace
them with copies of the corresponding files and folders from the previous server (do
not just copy the folders from the previous server over the same folders on the new
server, since this may result in an inconsistent mix of files from the two servers).
(Depending on your installation, these paths may be slightly different on one or both
of your servers.)
4. Edit the following file of the Maestro User Interface component, which may be
installed on a different server:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
In the file, you need to edit the “RegistryHubHost” entry so that it contains the
host name of the new server where the Administration Hub will be running.
Also, if the new Administration Hub server has an external name and/or port which
differs from the externally known name (i.e. the name you used for
“RegistryHubHost”), then you also might need to add the entries
“HubExternalHostName” and/or “HubExternalHTTPPort”. See Section 20.4
Tomcat INI-File Entries for details.
5. Edit the following file of the Maestro Tracker component, which may also be
installed on a different server:
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/tracker.ini
In the file, you need to edit the “RegistryHubHost” entry so that it contains the
host name of the new server where the Administration Hub will be running.
6. On the old server, you now need to remove the previous installation of the Administration Hub component:
a. On Windows: Use Windows’ Add/Remove Programs panel on the old
server to start the maintenance setup of LISTSERV Maestro. In the setup,
choose Modify, and then deselect the Administration Hub component so
that it is uninstalled.
b. On Linux / Solaris: Start the installation package for your operating system in
the same way as if doing a fresh installation (see installation manual). The
installation package will then recognize the existing installation and will give
you the option of removing components from it. Select the Administration
Hub component to be removed and proceed with the uninstallation.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 188 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
7. Restart LISTSERV Maestro (on all servers), as well as any LISTSERV instances
that have been stopped.
23.2.3 Moving the Maestro Tracker Component to Another Server
Moving the Maestro Tracker component to a different server must be thoroughly planned.
The problem is that all mails that were sent while the Maestro Tracker component was
still installed on the old server will include mail tracking code with the old server name. If
you now shut down and uninstall the Maestro Tracker component on that old server, then
all tracking events from those mails will be lost.
Even worse, click-through tracking links will not work any longer at all. This means that if
a recipient clicks on a click-through tracked link that is connected to the old Maestro
Tracker component’s host name, then the recipient will receive a “Host not found” or
“Page not found” error (it will look like a broken link – instead of being routed to the actual
link target).
Because of this, you should be very careful when moving the Maestro Tracker
component to a different server. Under normal production conditions, this should never
be done. Only if your last tracked mailing is already some time in the past and you don’t
care about tracking events that get lost and broken links (because since already some
time has passed since the mailing, there are no tracking events being generated any
longer anyway, or at least only very few).
Of course, you can also solve this problem by changing the DNS registration of the host
name. If the host name for your Maestro Tracker component was previously DNSregistered to point to the IP-address of the old server, then you can change the
registration and let it point to the address of the new server instead. From the outside,
this will look like there was no change at all (keep in mind that the propagation of a DNS
change always takes a few days so, in the interim period, the averse effects of moving
the component, as described above, may still happen).
However, if you really need to or want to move your Maestro Tracker component, do so
here:
1. Shut down the existing LISTSERV Maestro installation on all servers where components of it are installed. If the internal database is in use and Hosted LISTSERV
Lists are being used, then shut down all LISTSERV instances as well.
2. Maestro Tracker must not already be installed on the new server. However, the
Maestro User Interface or Administration Hub components may already be installed,
in which case Maestro Tracker is added to the existing installation:
a. If there are no LISTSERV Maestro components already installed on the new
server, then simply execute a fresh installation as described in the
installation manual for your operating system. During the installation, when
queried for which components to install, select only the Maestro Tracker
component.
b. If there are already other LISTSERV Maestro components installed on the
new server, then start the installation package for your operating system in
the same way as if doing a fresh installation. The installation package will
then recognize the existing installation and will give you the option of adding
new components to it. Select the Maestro Tracker component to be added
and proceed with the installation. After the installation, do not start
LISTSERV Maestro!
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 189 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
3. Transfer the following files and folders (including all files and subfolders in them)
from the previous server to the new server:
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/tracker.ini
[maestro_install_folder]/trk/data
To transfer these files and folders, first delete them on the new server, then replace
them with copies of the corresponding files and folders from the previous server (do
not just copy the folders from the previous server over the same folders on the new
server, since this may result in an inconsistent mix of files from the two servers).
(Depending on your installation, these paths may be slightly different on one or both
of your servers.)
4. Edit the following file of your Maestro User Interface component (which may be
installed on an entirely different server):
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
In the file, you need to edit the “TrackerHost” entry so that it contains the host
name of the new server where Maestro Tracker will be running (of course, if you
also changed the DNS-registration of the old host name to now point to the new
server, then you do not have to do this change, since the actual host name is not
changed – it only points to a different server).
5. On the old server, you now need to remove the previous installation of the Maestro
Tracker component:
a. On Windows: Use Windows’ Add/Remove Programs panel on the old
server to start the maintenance setup of LISTSERV Maestro. In the setup,
choose Modify and deselect the Maestro Tracker component, so that it is
uninstalled.
b. On Linux / Solaris: Start the installation package for your operating system in
the same way as if doing a fresh installation (see installation manual). The
installation package will then recognize the existing installation and will give
you the option of removing components from it. Select the Maestro Tracker
component to be removed and proceed with the uninstallation.
6. Restart LISTSERV Maestro (on all servers), as well as any LISTSERV instances
that have been stopped.
7. If the new server of the Maestro Tracker component is now known with a different
name than the previous server was, you also might need to adjust the “Tracking
Host” setting in the Administration Hub. For this, log into the Administration Hub and
set the correct tracking host either on global default level, group level or user level,
whichever is applicable.
23.2.4 Moving the Database External Component to Another Server
1. Install the database software on the new server and start it.
2. Follow the instructions in Section 10.1 Configuring the External System Database;
however, instead of moving from one type of database to a different one, you move
between two database which are on different servers, but may actually be the same
type of database (e.g. database vendor, version, etc.).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 190 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
3. If you have done any special configurations or optimizations to your original database (with configuration tools or by editing configuration or INI files), then remember
to apply the same adjustments to the new database installation too.
23.3 Server Name Aliases and Proxies
With any given installation of LISTSERV Maestro, the components of LISTSERV
Maestro are installed on one or more servers, where each server has its own host name.
Components on separate servers use the other server or servers’ name(s) to access the
component(s) there. Similarly, the “outside” world (users and email messages that are
being tracked) accesses the components with their server names as well.
In the simplest setup, each server hosting a LISTSERV Maestro component will have a
DNS name that can be used both for the inter-component communication as well as for
“outside” world access. In this case, setup is straightforward and no extra measures have
to be taken.
However, there are configurations in which the host names of the LISTSERV Maestro
component servers are names known only in the local network, with no DNS names
assigned. Or the hosts are, for security reasons, not accessible directly from the outside.
Instead, there is a proxy (or other kind of “forwarder”) that sits between the local network
and the outside world so that the outside only ever knows the host name (and IP address)
of the proxy, but never the names and addresses of the servers behind it (which also may
be addresses from a local range, like the 192.168.0.0 subnet).
The figure below shows such a setup, where only the proxy has a valid non-local IP
address and a registered DNS name (or several names, see examples following the
figure), while the LISTSERV Maestro servers have only local names and addresses.
Figure 23-1 Sample Proxy Setup
Internet
Proxy
215.41.15.3
LUI
192.168.1.1
HTTP-Port: 80
HUB
192.168.1.2
HTTP-Port: 8080
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
TRK
192.168.1.3
HTTP-Port: 8888
Administrator’s Manual
- 191 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
Example 1
Assume that the proxy shown in Figure 67 Sample Proxy Setup67 has a single DNS
name “maestro.sample.com”. It could be configured to:
•
Forward access on
maestro.sample.com:9001
to local host LUI (192.168.1.1), port 80
•
Forward access on
maestro.sample.com:9002
to local host HUB (192.168.1.2), port 8080
•
Forward access on
maestro.sample.com:9003
to local host TRK (192.168.1.3), port 8888
This example shows how a single DNS name can be “split” to proxy for three different
servers, by employing different ports (9001-9003), which are mapped to different hosts
(LUI, HUB, TRK) and their corresponding ports (80, 8080, 8888). Users wanting to
access the Maestro User Interface would have to use a URL similar to: http://
maestro.sample.com:9001/lui.
Users accessing the Administration Hub would use: http://maestro.sample.com:9002/
hub
The tracking URLs would contain the URL http://maestro.sample.com:9003/
trk
Example 2
As a second example, assume that the proxy has three assigned DNS names
lui.sample.com, hub.sample.com and trk.sample.com, which are used to
decide which local host to access, so the proxy could be configured to do the following:
•
Forward access on
lui.sample.com:80
to local host LUI (192.168.1.1), port 80
•
Forward access on
hub.sample.com:80
to local host HUB (192.168.1.2), port 8080
•
Forward access on
trk.sample.com:80
to local host TRK (192.168.1.3), port 8888
In this example the “splitting” is realized by using three different host names, all assigned
to the same server, where access on the standard HTTP-port 80 is mapped to the
different local hosts (LUI, HUB, TRK) and their corresponding ports (80, 8080, 8888)
depending on the DNS name used to access the proxy. Users wanting to access the
Maestro User Interface would have to use a URL like http://lui.sample.com/lui.
Users accessing the Administration Hub would use http://hub.sample.com/hub
and the tracking URLs would contain the URL http://trk.sample.com/trk.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 192 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
This example demonstrates that the host names of the servers hosting the LISTSERV
Maestro components may differ when viewed locally or from the “outside” world.
Internally, the LISTSERV Maestro components always use the local names to
communicate. When setting host names in INI files (or during the setup), use the names
that are locally valid (which can also be externally valid names, provided the names work
for local access, too). Whenever the local names are different from the external names
(usually because some sort of proxying or forwarding is involved), the administrator
needs to perform some additional configuration steps to make LISTSERV Maestro aware
of the differences.
23.3.1 Configuring LISTSERV Maestro Components with Server Name
Aliases or Proxies
If the local name or HTTP port of a host differs from the externally known name or port
the following files must be edited:
If the Maestro User Interface component’s server has an external host name that is
different from the local name, edit the file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Add or edit the entry “ExternalHostName” to read:
ExternalHostName=HOST
where “HOST” is replaced with the external name of the server running the Maestro
User Interface component. Do not include port information in the
“ExternalHostName” parameter.
•
If the Maestro User Interface component’s HTTP (or HTTPS) server has an
external port number that is different from the default port number (port 80 for HTTP,
port 443 for HTTPS), edit the file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Add or edit the entry “ExternalHTTPPort” to read:
ExternalHTTPPort=PORT
where “PORT” is replaced with the external HTTP (or HTTPS) port number of the
server running the Maestro User Interface component.
•
If the Administration Hub component’s server has an external host name that is
different from the internal name, edit the file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Add or edit the entry “HubExternalHostName” to read:
HubExternalHostName=HOST
where “HOST” is replaced with the external host name of the server running the
Administration Hub component. Do not include port information in the
“HubExternalHostName” parameter.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 193 -
Section 23
Distributed Components
•
If the Administration Hub component’s HTTP (or HTTPS) server has an external
port number that is different from the default (port 80 for HTTP, port 443 for HTTPS),
edit the file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Add or edit the entry “HubExternalHTTPPort” to read:
HubExternalHTTPPort=PORT
where “PORT” is replaced with the external HTTP (or HTTPS) port number of the
server running the Administration Hub component.
Important: The entries above must go into the lui.ini, not into the hub.ini.
•
If the Maestro Tracker component’s server has an external host name or HTTP port
that is different from the internal name/port, set the external host name and/or port in
the Tracking URL settings in the Administration Hub. Please see Section 5.3
Setting the Default Tracking URL for more details.
To carry out the examples above, the following changes to the administration settings
would have to be made:
•
For Example 1, four lui.ini entries are required:
ExternalHostName=maestro.sample.com
ExternalHTTPPort=9001
HubExternalHostName=maestro.sample.com
HubExternalHTTPPort=9002
In addition, the Administration Hub would be used to configure the tracking URL to
use a Tracker Host of maestro.sample.com and a HTTP Port of 9003.
•
For Example 2, two lui.ini entries are required:
ExternalHostName=lui.sample.com
HubExternalHostName=hub.sample.com
In addition, the Administration Hub would be used to configure the tracking URL to
use a Tracker Host of trk.sample.com and a HTTP Port of 80. Next, it would be
necessary to configure the proxy accordingly, so that it transparently forwards the
requests as described above – but this depends on the proxy software used and is
not part of the LISTSERV Maestro setup.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 194 -
Section 24 LISTSERV Maestro in Evaluation Mode
........................................................
n order to function in normal mode, LISTSERV Maestro Lite needs to be connected
to a fully licensed instance of LISTSERV. LISTSERV Maestro Lite connects to the
configured LISTSERV instance to check if there is a MAESTRO scope and a suitably
recent maintenance license in the LISTSERV license key (LAK). A “suitably recent”
maintenance key is one that expires after the release date of the given LISTSERV
Maestro Lite version. If not, then LISTSERV Maestro Lite will run in evaluation mode for
all users and groups that are configured to use this LISTSERV instance.
I
In evaluation mode, actual delivery of a job is only simulated. When the scheduled send
time of an authorized job has been reached, the job is transferred into the “delivered”
state without actually sending any messages to any recipients. Operating in this fashion,
a user can evaluate all aspects of LISTSERV Maestro Lite, including job definition,
authorization, and viewing delivered jobs, without actually being able to use LISTSERV
Maestro Lite for real deliveries.
Test delivery, which is a workflow step that precedes the authorization step, is possible
even in evaluation mode. However, with the restriction that an evaluation message is
added to the top of all messages that are sent during test delivery with LISTSERV
Maestro Lite in evaluation mode.
In addition, for test delivery in evaluation mode to function, the following condition must
be fulfilled: LISTSERV’s SMTP listener must be installed on the same server that the
LISTSERV instance used for delivery is running on. In addition, this SMTP listener must
be listening for STMP requests on the standard SMTP port 25.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 195 -
Section 24
LISTSERV Maestro in Evaluation Mode
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 196 -
Section 25 Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
........................................................
n LISTSERV Maestro, the various parts that are served by Tomcat are called
“contexts”. Each context is an entity of its own inside of the Tomcat server. Each
context has a name, which is also part of the URL that you use to access the context.
More precisely, the context’s name is the part which appears right after the server name.
For example, for LUI, the context name is lui, so the URL is http://yourhost/lui.
Other LISTSERV Maestro contexts are hub, trk, list, archives, and scripts, with
the respective URLs (http://yourhost/hub, http://yourhost/list, etc).
I
If you enter a context’s access URL (as above), what you actually get is the default page
for that context (usually a page called index.html, index.jsp, default.htm, etc.).
Therefore, if you type http://yourhost/lui, then what you actually get is the default
page for the lui context (http://yourhost/lui/index.jsp).
To add content of your own (for example HTML pages, images, downloadable files, etc.)
to the Tomcat installation of LISTSERV Maestro, you simply create a new context and
put your files into that context. The files are then accessible using the URLs in that
context.
Out of the box, Maestro does not support content or pages that are not part of a context.
However, it is possible to support such content or pages once some additional
configuration steps are taken (see Section 25.2 Defining the Default Context for details).
25.1 Adding Content as a New Context
To create a new context with your own content, the first question that you have to decide
is the following:
“Does the server where Tomcat is running have several different host names, and if
yes, do you want your own content to show up for all of these host names or not?”
Or in different words: Depending on which host name is used in the access URL when
the user tries to access your content, is the content to show up for all host names in the
URL, or only for specific ones?
The way that you proceed depends on how you answer this question:
•
If the server has only a single host name anyway, or if you want your content to
show up for all host names:
Create a new folder inside of the “webapps” folder of LISTSERV Maestro, like this:
[install_folder]/webapps/CONTEXT/
where you replace “CONTEXT” with the name of your context, for example:
[install_folder]/webapps/sample/
Then proceed as described further below.
•
If the server has several host names, and you want your content to show up not for
all of them, but only for one (or several) specific host name(s):
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 197 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
First you need to decide which one of the desired host names shall be the “main
host name”. All others will be aliases. If you have only one desired host name, then
this will be the “main host name” and there are no aliases.
Then create a new folder like this one:
[install_folder]/webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME/CONTEXT/
where you replace “MAIN_HOST_NAME” with the “main host name” and “CONTEXT”
with the name of your context, for example:
[install_folder]/webapps-host.domain.com/sample/
Now, add an entry like the following to the tomcat.ini file:
AdditionalHost.N=MAIN_HOST_NAME,ALIASLIST
where you replace “MAIN_HOST_NAME” with the “main host name” and
“ALIASLIST” with a comma-separated list of all aliases (or leave out the
“,ALIASLIST” part if there are no aliases). Also you need to replace the “N” with a
unique number, i.e. there must not be two “AdditionalHost.N” entries with the same
“N”. For example:
AdditionalHost.0=host.domain.com,alias.domain.com,alias.domain.org
AdditionalHost.1=host-without-alias.domain.com
Note: You can have several such “AdditionalHost” entries in the tomcat.ini file (as
shown in the example above). Each of these entries defines one additional host, with
a “main host name” and optionally a list of aliases for this host. The host names used
by these entries must be unique, i.e. you must not use the same host name in two
different “AdditionalHost” entries (neither as a “main host name” nor as an alias).
Then proceed as described below.
As your next step, copy the following folder (and the files in it) from the “archives”
context to your own freshly created context (the archives context is automatically
installed with each Maestro Tomcat). Copy the following folder:
[install_folder]/webapps/archives/WEB-INF/
So that at the end you have something like this:
[install_folder]/webapps/CONTEXT/WEB-INF/
or (in case you have a specific “main host name”):
[install_folder]/webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME/CONTEXT/WEB-INF/
In the “WEB-INF” folder that you just copied, edit the file “web.xml” and look for the entry
that says “<param-value>archives</param-value>”. Change the text
“archives” as follows:
•
If your context is in the default “webapps” folder, then change the text to your context
name, like this:
<param-value>CONTEXT</param-value>
•
If your context is in a specific “webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME” folder, then change
the text to the “main host name” plus the context name, separated by a dash “-”, like
this:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 198 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
<param-value>MAIN_HOST_NAME-CONTEXT</param-value>
Now you can put whatever files you want into your “CONTEXT” folder (you can also create
subfolders). Usually you may want to include a start page like “index.html” or similar, but
you can also have other pages, even in subfolders. Also image files or other
downloadable content if you want.
Restart Maestro to make it aware of the new context.
The files in the new context will then be accessed for example as follows:
http://HOST/CONTEXT
access to the start page (if one was
supplied)
http://HOST/CONTEXT/
also access to the start page (if one
was supplied)
http://HOST/CONTEXT/page.html
access to page page.html
http://HOST/CONTEXT/sub/other.html
access to page other.html in the
sub subfolder
Where of course you have to replace “CONTEXT” with your own context name and “HOST”
with the correct host name for this context:
•
If your context is in the default “webapps” folder, then you can use any host name
that is assigned for this server to access this context, except for any host names
which are used as a “main host name” or as an alias host name, as described above
(if any).
•
If your context is in a specific “webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME” folder, then you can
only use this “main host name” and its aliases to access this context. Also, you can
not use this “main host name” or any of its aliases to access any contexts in the
default “webapps” folder (including the default Maestro contexts) or any contexts in
other “webapps-DIFFERENT_MAIN_HOST_NAME” folders (if there are any).
Warnings: In the default “webapps” folder, do not create custom contexts with one of
the reserved names used by LISTSERV Maestro, i.e. do not call your context lui,
hub, trk, list, archives, or scripts.
Do not put any files into the WEB-INF folder, as they would not be accessible via a
URL.
When creating subfolders in your context, do not create a folder called “META-INF”,
as this is a reserved name
25.2 Defining the Default Context
The default context is the context that is used if the user types the access URL without
any context name; for example, only “http://yourhost” or “http://yourhost/” or
“http://yourhost/somepage.html”.
This is not supported out of the box by Maestro but must be configured first.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 199 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
To define a default context, create a new context (with a new subfolder either in
“webapps” or in “webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME”) as described above.
In addition, before restarting Maestro, include the following entry in the tomcat.ini:
•
If your context is in the default “webapps” folder:
DefaultContext=CONTEXT
•
If your context is in a specific “webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME” folder:
DefaultContext.MAIN_HOST_NAME=CONTEXT
where you replace “CONTEXT” with the name of your context and, if applicable,
“MAIN_HOST_NAME” with the corresponding “main host name”.
For example for a context called “sample” you would have
DefaultContext=sample
- or DefaultContext.host.domain.com=sample
Warning: Do not define any of the reserved LISTSERV Maestro contexts as the default
context (lui, hub, trk, list, archives or scripts)!
With this entry in the tomcat.ini, the specified default context can now be accessed
in two ways:
•
•
As before, you can still specify the context directly in the URL:
http://HOST/CONTEXT
access to the start page (if one was
supplied)
http://HOST/CONTEXT/
also access to the start page (if one
was supplied)
http://HOST/CONTEXT/page.html
access to page page.html
http://HOST/CONTEXT/sub/other.html
access to page other.html in the
sub subfolder
In addition, you can leave out the context in the URL but will still see the same
pages (but this works only for the default context, of course):
http://HOST
access to the start page of the default context (if one was supplied)
http://HOST/
also access to the start page of the default
context (if one was supplied)
http://HOST/page.html
access to page page.html in the root folder
of the default context
http://HOST/sub/other.html
access to page other.html in the sub
subfolder of the default context
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 200 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
25.3 Enabling Access Logging for Added Content
If you add your own content to be served by the Tomcat server, then you might also want
to enable the usual web server logging for this content.
With enabled access logging, Tomcat will create log files in the same format as those
created by standard web servers. These logs can later be analyzed by standard log
analysis tools to track page hit counts, user session activity, and so on. The log files are
created separately (under different names) for all contexts for which access logging is
enabled and are rolled over nightly at midnight. All access log files are created in the
following folder:
[install_folder]/logs
25.3.1 Enabling Access Logging for WA
To enable access logging for the WA component itself, edit the following file:
[install_folder]/webapps/scripts/META-INF/context.xml
and/or to enable access logging for the WA archives, edit the following file:
[install_folder]/webapps/archives/META-INF/context.xml
In this file, add a “<Valve>” tag similar to the following, just before the “</Context>”
closing tag, so that the resulting “context.xml” file looks similar to this (the part that
you should add is marked with bold):
<Context caseSensitive="false">
<Manager className="org.apache.catalina.session.StandardManager" pathname=""/>
<Valve prefix="YOURNAME_access_log."
className="org.apache.catalina.valves.FastCommonAccessLogValve"
directory="logs" suffix=".log" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
</Context>
In this tag, replace “YOURNAME” with a name that uniquely identifies the context for which
you are enabling the logging, for example “WA” or “Archives” (this will become part of
the log file name).
Then, restart LISTSERV Maestro.
Note: The above procedure applies to a normal LISTSERV installation only, with a single
LISTSERV instance, whose WA is served by Tomcat. In case you are dealing with
an installation, with several LISTSERV instances where Tomcat serves the WA
applications of all of these instances (see Section 2.2.5 Serving Multiple LISTSERV
Nodes on a Single Server below), then the procedure is slightly different.
In this case, the locations for the two “context.xml” files are slightly different.
Instead of editing the files in the locations quoted above, edit the following files:
(1) To enable access logging for the WA component of a ListPlex node with a certain
ListPlex-FQDN, edit the following file:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 201 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
[install_folder]/webapps-LSVNODE_FQDN/scripts/META-INF/context.xml
(2) And/or, to enable access logging for the WA archives of a ListPlex node with a
certain ListPlex-FQDN, edit the following file:
[install_folder]/webapps-LSVNODE_FQDN/archives/META-INF/context.xml
Also, when deciding on a substitution for “YOURNAME” (see above), you should
include the FQDN of the LISTSERV node you are configuring (for example
“LSVNODE_FQDN-WA” or “LSVNODE_FQDN-Archives”), so that the access logs of
the WA applications of the various LISTSERV nodes will get different file names.
25.3.2 Enabling Access Logging for Custom Content
To enable access logging for a given custom content that you have added to Tomcat, use
the following procedure:
•
Copy the following folder (and the files in it) from the “archives” context to your own
context (the archives context is automatically installed with each Maestro Tomcat).
Copy this folder:
[install_folder]/webapps/archives/META-INF/
So that at the end you have something like this:
[install_folder]/webapps/CONTEXT/META-INF/
or (in case you have a specific “main host name”):
[install_folder]/webapps-MAIN_HOST_NAME/CONTEXT/META-INF
(where “CONTEXT” stands for the name of your context).
•
In the “META-INF” folder that you just copied, edit the file “context.xml” and look
for the “<Valve>” tag. If one already exists, edit the value of its “prefix” attribute.
If no such “<Valve>” tag exists, add a new one similar to the following, just before
the closing “</Context>” tag. The resulting “context.xml” file should then look
similar to this (the part that you are supposed to add is marked with bold):
<Context caseSensitive="false">
<Manager className="org.apache.catalina.session.StandardManager" pathname=""/>
<Valve prefix="CONTEXT_access_log."
className="org.apache.catalina.valves.FastCommonAccessLogValve"
directory="logs" suffix=".log" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
</Context>
•
In this tag, replace “CONTEXT” with the name of your context, or in case that you
have a specific “main host name”, replace it with the “main host name” and the
context name, separated by a dash “–” (this prefix will become part of the log file
name).
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 202 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
Example for the context “sample” in the default folder “webapps”:
<Context caseSensitive="false">
<Manager className="org.apache.catalina.session.StandardManager" pathname=""/>
<Valve prefix="sample_access_log."
className="org.apache.catalina.valves.FastCommonAccessLogValve"
directory="logs" suffix=".log" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
</Context>
Example for the context “sample” in the specific folder “webapps host.domain.com”:
<Context caseSensitive="false">
<Manager className="org.apache.catalina.session.StandardManager" pathname=""/>
<Valve prefix="host.domain.com-sample_access_log."
className="org.apache.catalina.valves.FastCommonAccessLogValve"
directory="logs" suffix=".log" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
</Context>
•
Finally, restart LISTSERV Maestro.
25.4 Serving Multiple LISTSERV Nodes on a Single Server
Important: Setting up a server that has LISTSERV Maestro and multiple LISTSERV
nodes is a complex operation. For best results, we recommend that you utilize
L-Soft’s consulting and installation services.
As described in Section 26 Adding the LISTSERV Web Interface to the Tomcat Server,
it is possible to use LISTSERV Maestro’s Tomcat server to serve the LISTSERV Web
Interface (WA) for a LISTSERV instance that is installed on the same server as
LISTSERV Maestro.
This is also possible if on the LISTSERV Maestro server there is not only a single
LISTSERV instance, but a whole array of LISTSERV nodes. The following describes how
to set up the Tomcat server in this situation, to serve the WA for all nodes on the server.
Notes: The following procedure is only meant for the situation where Tomcat is
supposed to serve several WAs at once. For the normal case with a single nonListPlex LISTSERV installation and its WA, see Section 26 Adding the LISTSERV
Web Interface to the Tomcat Server.
The procedure described here assumes that you are starting with a clean server, on
which neither LISTSERV Maestro or any LISTSERV instance is installed yet. For
example, a server where you freshly set up a LISTSERV Maestro installation plus a
number of LISTSERV nodes. However, the procedure can easily be adapted to
situations where LISTSERV Maestro is already installed and addition LISTSERV
nodes will be added, or the other way round, where some LISTSERV nodes are
already installed and LISTSERV Maestro is added and is supposed to serve the
WAs for these nodes.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 203 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
The ability to run multiple LISTSERV nodes on the same server is only available on
Windows; therefore, the information in this section only applies to those using
Windows.
1. Preparation
For this procedure to work, it is necessary that for the server in question you have several
fully qualified domain names (FQDNs) as well as several IP-addresses.
One set of FQDNs and IP-addresses is required for each LISTSERV node:
•
For each LISTSERV node, you need one separate FQDN whose DNS entry points
to a separate IP-address that is assigned to this server (i.e. all LISTSERV nodes
must have dedicated FQDNs and IP-addresses). The same IP-address should not
be used by any other FQDN (except for a possible second FQDN for the Maestro
User Interface access, see below). Below, we call these FQDNs the “LISTSERVFQDNs”.
For LISTSERV Maestro, you can either use a single FQDN or there can be a separate
FQDN for accessing Maestro to match each LISTSERV node.
•
If all users are supposed to access the Maestro User Interface using the same
shared FQDN, then you only need one additional FQDN.
Below, we call this one additional FQDN the “shared-LMA-FQDN”.
The shared-LMA-FQDN must not reuse any of the LISTSERV-FQDNs, but must be a
separate FQDN. However, it does not have to point to a separate IP-address. It can point
to one of the already existing addresses (for example also share it with one of the
LISTSERV-FQDNs of above).
•
If you want users to access the Maestro User Interface with a personal FQDN, then
you need several additional FQDNs, namely one per node.
Below, we call these additional FQDNs the “dedicated-LMA-FQDNs”
The dedicated-LMA-FQDNs must not reuse any of the LISTSERV-FQDNs, but each
must be a separate FQDN. However, these dedicated-LMA-FQDNs do not have to use
separate IP-addresses, but can share the dedicated IP-address of the corresponding
LISTSERV-FQDN of above. The best practice for this is to define a dedicated IP-address
per LISTSERV node (as described above) and then define the LISTSERV-FQDN and the
dedicated-LMA-FQDN for this customer to both point to this dedicated IP-address.
2. Install the LISTSERV Nodes
First, install the LISTSERV nodes as you usually would. Follow the usual procedure for
setting up several LISTSERV nodes on one server. When installing the LISTSERV
nodes, do not set them up for using the WWW Interface (WA) at this time (this will come
later, as explained below); instead, install all nodes as if no WA access was required.
When installing the nodes, use the dedicated LISTSERV-FQDN with the dedicated IPaddress for each node, as is customary when setting up multiple LISTSERV nodes (see
above).
Note: Procedures for installing multiple LISTSERV nodes on a single server are
available from L-Soft Support.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 204 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
3. Install LISTSERV Maestro
Install a fresh instance of LISTSERV Maestro on the server. Use the following options
and choices in the install wizard:
•
On the first Setup Type screen, select Custom Setup.
•
On the LISTSERV Maestro Package: Individual Products Setup screen, click on
LISTSERV Maestro.
•
On the second Setup Type screen, select Custom Setup again.
•
On the Existing LISTSERV Installation Found screen, select the No option.
•
On the Default LISTSERV Settings screen, leave all entries empty for now. The
LISTSERV connection settings will later be supplied in the HUB.
4. Configure Tomcat to serve the WA application for all LISTSERV Nodes
The following procedure must be repeated once for each of the LISTSERV nodes:
Note: In the following, certain placeholders are used which need to be replaced as
follows:
LISTSERV_FQDN – Replace with the LISTSERV-FQDN of the node that you are
currently configuring.
[install_folder] – The installation folder for LISTSERV Maestro.
•
Create a folder with the following name:
[install_folder]/webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN
•
Copy the following two folders (and the subfolders and files in them) into the
“webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN” you created above, so that this folder then contains
an “archives” and a “scripts” subfolder. Copy these folders:
[install_folder]/webapps/archives
[install_folder]/webapps/scripts
to create these folders:
[install_folder]/webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN/archives
[install_folder]/webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN/scripts
•
Edit the following file:
[install_folder]/webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN/archives/WEB-INF/
web.xml
Look for the entry that says “<param-value>archives</param-value>”. Edit
the value of this entry so that the entry instead looks like this:
<param-value>LISTSERV_FQDN-archives</param-value>
•
Edit the following file:
[install_folder]/webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN/scripts/WEB-INF/
web.xml
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 205 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
Look for the entry that says “<param-value>scripts</param-value>”. Edit
the value of this entry so that the entry instead looks like this:
<param-value>LISTSERV_FQDN-scripts</param-value>
•
Edit the following file:
[install_folder]/conf/tomcat.ini
Add an entry like the following:
AdditionalHost.N=LISTSERV_FQDN
where you replace the “N” with a unique number (for example “0”, or “1” or similar),
in such a fashion, that if there are several “AdditionalHost.N” entries in the
tomcat.ini file (as is the case as soon as you configure the second LISTSERV
node), then each entry must use a different value for “N”.
•
Copy the file wa.exe from the “MAIN” folder of the ListPlex node to the following
folder:
[install_folder]/webapps-LISTPLEX_FQDN/scripts/WEB-INF/cgi
•
Skip this step if you are currently configuring the main LISTSERV instance. Only do
this step if you are currently configuring one of the secondary LISTSERV instances:
Rename the wa.exe file that you just copied into the “cgi” folder from “wa.exe” to
“wa-INSTANCE_NAME.exe”, where “INSTANCE_NAME” must be replaced with the
value of the “INSTANCE” variable in the SITE.CFG of the LISTSERV node that you
are currently configuring. For example “wa-hq.exe”.
•
Edit the SITE.CFG of the LISTSERV node that you are currently configuring and
add the following entries (linebreak added for readability only):
WWW_ARCHIVE_CGI=/scripts/WA_EXE_NAME
WWW_ARCHIVE_DIR=[install_folder]\webappsLISTSERV_FQDN\archives
SITE_CONFIG_CGI_DIR=[install_folder]\webapps-LISTSERV_FQDN\scripts\
WEB-INF\cgi
where you replace “WA_EXE_NAME” with the name that you gave the WA executable
in the previous step (make sure to check which name the WA executable for this
LISTSERV node has in the [install_folder]\webappsLISTSERV_FQDN\scripts\WEB-INF\cgi folder).
Important: In the above entries in the SITE.CFG, make sure not to specify a path which
contains spaces. This means, that if the path of “[install folder]” contains
folders with spaces in their names (which is, for example, the case for LISTSERV
Maestro’s default install folder “C:\Program Files\L Soft\Application
Server\”), then you must use the space-free 8.3 variants of these folder names, for
example “C:\Progra~1\L-Soft\Applic~1\”.
•
Repeat the above steps for the next LISTSERV node, until all nodes have been
configured in the same fashion. If you later add a new node, repeat the same steps
for this node too.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 206 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
Restart all LISTSERV Instances and LISTSERV Maestro.
LISTSERV Maestro and the LISTSERV Web Interface for each of the nodes will now be
available with a web browser via the following URLs:
To access LISTSERV Maestro:
•
If a shared-LMA-FQDN is used, then for all users, the Maestro User Interface is
accessible via this shared name, with the following URL:
http://SHARED_LMA_FQDN/lui
•
If dedicated-LMA-FQDNs are used, then for each user, the Maestro User Interface is
accessible via his personal dedicated FQDN, with the following URL:
http://DEDICATED_LMA_FQDN/lui
To access the LISTSERV interface (WA):
•
For each user, WA is accessible via its personal LISTSERV-FQDN only, with the
following URLs:
http://LISTSERV_FQDN/archives
http://LISTSERV_FQDN/scripts/wa.exe
With this setup, you now have the following behavior/restrictions:
•
To access the Web Interface of a certain LISTSERV node, you must use the
LISTSERV-FQDN of that node. Using one of the other LISTSERV-FQDNs or the
shared-LMA-FQDN or any of the dedicated-LMA-FQDNs (whichever is applicable)
will not work.
•
When using a shared-LMA-FQDN, you must use this FQDN to access the Maestro
User Interface. Using one of the LISTSERV-FQDNs will not work.
•
When using dedicated-LMA-FQDNs, then by default you will be able to use any of
these FQDNs to access the Maestro User Interface (this default can however be
changed, see below for details). Using one of the LISTSERV-FQDNs will however
not work.
As described in the last bullet above, if you are using dedicated-LMA-FQDNs, then by
default any of these FQDNs can be used to access the Maestro User Interface. This is
because in reality there is actually only one LISTSERV Maestro instance on a server
sharing the same IP address. Therefore, any of these host names will allow you to access
the Maestro User Interface.
When using dedicated-LMA-FQDNs, you may restrict each group (or non-group account)
in such a way that the users of this group/account are only allowed to login if they use
their assigned dedicated-LMA-FQDN. If they use a different FQDN (even if that would
theoretically be a valid LMA-FQDN) their login shall be rejected.
This is configured in the Administration Hub and needs to be configured for each group
and each non-group account that shares the LISTSERV Maestro server with its own
dedicated-LMA-FQDN. From the Administration Hub home page, click on Administer
User Accounts, click on the group name or non-group account name, click on Maestro
User Interface, and then click Login Restrictions.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 207 -
Section 25
Adding Content to the Tomcat Server
On the Login Restrictions screen, enter the dedicated-LMA-FQDN that is assigned to the
selected group/account into the Required Login Host Name field.
Once you have done this for all groups and non-group accounts, then each group/
account will only be allowed to login if they use their assigned dedicated-LMA-FQDN. So
if customer-A tried to login using the FQDN of customer-B, then his login would be
rejected in the same manner as if his account/group was not known at all, i.e. to one
group it would look exactly as if there actually was a different server behind the FQDN
used by a different group.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 208 -
Section 26 Adding the LISTSERV Web Interface to
the Tomcat Server
........................................................
he Tomcat server of LISTSERV Maestro can also be used to serve the LISTSERV
Web Interface (WA) when LISTSERV is installed on the same server as
LISTSERV Maestro. This eliminates the need for an extra web-server for serving
the web interface pages of LISTSERV.
T
IMPORTANT: The procedure described in this section is only meant to be used when a
single LISTSERV instance is present on the LISTSERV Maestro server, and Tomcat
is supposed to server the WA. If there are several ListPlex LISTSERV nodes on the
server, the procedures and information in Section 25.4 ListPlex and the Tomcat
Server should be used instead.
If LISTSERV Maestro and LISTSERV were installed together via the Express Setup
option of the LISTSERV Maestro Setup-Suite, then this integration of the LISTSERV
Web Interface into the Tomcat server has already been performed by the setup
procedure.
If LISTSERV Maestro and LISTSERV are installed independently (but on the same
server), then it is still possible to use LISTSERV Maestro’s Tomcat server to also serve
the LISTSERV Web Interface pages. The necessary folders are already in place in the
Tomcat installation folder; therefore, the only additional configuration necessary is to tell
LISTSERV about this.
This can be done either with the LISTSERV configuration tool or by manually editing the
site.cfg file:
•
Using the LISTSERV configuration tool:
Open the configuration tool, then click on Advanced Configuration > Web
Archives…, and then enter the following information:
• In the Directory from which the web server is authorized to run scripts
field, enter:
[install folder]\webapps\scripts\WEB-INF\cgi
• In the URL to use to access the web archive script in the above directory
field, enter:
/scripts/wa.exe
• In the Directory in which LISTSERV should place the files it creates and
uses for the Web archive interface field, enter:
[install folder]\webapps\archives
(Replace “[install folder]” with the LISTSERV Maestro installation folder on
your system.)
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 209 -
Section 26
Adding the LISTSERV Web Interface to the Tomcat
Finally, confirm your settings by clicking [OK]. Restart LISTSERV to make the
changes effective.
•
Editing the SITE.CFG file:
Add (or edit) the following entries:
WWW_ARCHIVE_CGI=/scripts/wa.exe
WWW_ARCHIVE_DIR=[install folder]\webapps\archive
SITE_CONFIG_CGI_DIR=[install folder]\webapps\scripts\WEB-INF\cgi
(Replace “[install folder]” with the LISTSERV Maestro installation folder on
your system.)
Finally, save the SITE.CFG file with the new settings. Restart LISTSERV to make
the changes effective.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 210 -
Section 27 Using International Character Sets
........................................................
ach email job that is created in LISTSERV Maestro has a character set (charset)
associated with its content. This charset is used to encode the content for sending.
When a job is first created as a new job (not as a copy of an existing job), the job
is initially created with the default charset. LISTSERV Maestro defaults to the ISO-88591 (Latin 1) character set for encoding email messages unless the administrator has
defined a different default setting.
E
27.1 Defining the Default Mail Charset
To define the default charset, edit the following in the Maestro User Interface INI-file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit or add the key DefaultMailCharset and set it to the name of one of the charsets
supported by LISTSERV Maestro.
Table 27-1 Supported Charsets
Charset Name:
Description:
US-ASCII
US ASCII
ISO-8859-1
West European, Latin 1
ISO-8859-2
East European, Latin 2
ISO-8859-3
South European, Latin 3
ISO-8859-4
North European, Latin 4
ISO-8859-5
Cyrillic
ISO-8859-6
Arabic
ISO-8859-7
Greek
ISO-8859-8
Hebrew
ISO-8859-9
Turkish, Latin 5
ISO-8859-15
Similar as ISO-8859-1 but with Euro currency symbol
UTF-8
International Unicode, encoded in UTF-8 format
GB2312
Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
BIG5
Traditional Chinese (BIG5)
ISO-2022-JP
Japanese (ISO-2022-JP)
X-EUC-JP
Japanese (X-EUC-JP)
X-SJIS
Japanese (X-SJIS)
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 211 -
Section 27
Using International Character Sets
KSC_5601
Korean (KSC_5601)
EUC-KR
Korean (EUC-KR)
AUTO-NO-UTF-8
LISTSERV Maestro will choose either US-ASCII or any of the ISO-8859
charsets (but not UTF-8), depending on the characters that are actually
used in the content. If possible, ASCII is favored over any ISO-8859, so an
ISO-8859 set is only chosen if ASCII is not able to display all characters in
the content.
Of the ISO-8859 sets, the one where the number of non-displayable
characters is minimized is chosen. If two sets have an equal number of nondisplayable characters, then lower ISO-8859 sets are favored over higher
sets (for example, ISO-8859-1 over ISO-8859-2, over ISO-8859-3, and so
on).
AUTO-YES-UTF-8
LISTSERV Maestro will choose either US-ASCII or any of the ISO-8859 or
even UTF-8, depending on the characters that are actually used in the
content. If possible, ASCII is favored over any ISO-8859 and the ISO-8859
sets are favored over UTF-8.
The step to the next “higher” set is only made if the “lower” set is not able to
display all characters in the content. If several ISO-8859 sets are able to
display all characters, then lower ISO-8859 sets are favored over higher
sets (for example ISO-8859-1 over ISO-8859-2, over ISO-8859-3, and so
on.).
The default charset is only initially assigned to the email job. Users may change the
default charset on the Define Content screen.
If the administrator wants to prevent the users from changing the default charset
(and force the users to always accept the default charset already set), another entry in
the same INI-file needs to be edited:
•
Edit or add the key AllowCharsetChoice. Set to true, allowing the users to
change the charset of a job (to be able to assign different charsets to each job) or to
false to disallow changing of the charset. The default if the key is not present in the
INI-file is true.
27.2 Allowing or Disallowing Bi-Directional Character Sets
Of the ISO-8859 charset family, two charsets contain letters from languages that have a
standard reading direction of right-to-left. These are the charsets ISO-8859-6 (Arabic)
and ISO8-859-8 (Hebrew), both of which are supported by LISTSERV Maestro.
Actually, LISTSERV Maestro will not use the charsets with the names ISO-8859-6 and
ISO-8859-8 when it recognizes Arabic or Hebrew characters, but will instead use the
special bi-directional versions ISO-8859-6-i and ISO-8859-8-i. These charsets contain
the same characters as their non-i-suffix counterparts, but the ”-i” suffix tells the receiving
mail client that the text should be displayed with right-to-left reading direction. Without the
”-i” suffix in the charset name, many email clients would probably display the correct
characters, but in the (for that language) incorrect left-to-right reading direction.
Even with the ”-i” suffix, the recipient might need a special mail client version (or even a
special mail client) that is prepared to display text with right-to-left reading direction
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 212 -
Section 27
Using International Character Sets
properly and is also able to properly display bi-directional text (text that mixes characters
with left-to-right and characters with right-to-left reading direction, in the case of a
Hebrew text that contains English names, for example). Some clients may only display
the characters with the right direction, but still left-align each line of text, instead of the
correct right-alignment (occurrences such as this are subject to the mail client itself, and
are outside of the scope of LISTSERV Maestro).
It is possible, however, to disallow the charsets with the ”-i” suffix and use the “normal”
counterparts, ISO-8859-6 and ISO-8859-8 instead. To do so, edit the following file:
[maestro_install_folder]/lui/lui.ini
Edit or add the key AllowISO-i-Mails=false to disallow the bi-directional charsets.
(If the key from the INI-file is removed, commented out, or set to …=true, then the bidirectional charsets will be allowed as the default).
This INI-file setting will affect all mail sent, with any user account. Please note that
changing this setting requires a restart of the Maestro User Interface component to take
effect.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 213 -
Section 27
Using International Character Sets
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 214 -
Section 28 LISTSERV Maestro Standard Default Ports
........................................................
T
he following tables list the standard default ports for the Administrative Hub, the
User Interface, and the Maestro Tracker.
Ports Used by the Administrative Hub
Port Number
Function
80
HTTP access
1099
Internal communication with other LISTSERV Maestro Components
8007
Shut down of the application server
Ports Used by the Maestro User Interface
Port Number
Function
80
HTTP access
1099
Internal communication with other LISTSERV Maestro components
8007
Shut down of the application server
3306
Internal system database connection
Ports Used by Maestro Tracker
Port Number
Function
80
HTTP access
1099
Internal communication with other LISTSERV Maestro components
7000
Communications Port transfers tracking data to the Maestro User Interface
8007
Shut down of the application server
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 215 -
Section 28
LISTSERV Maestro Standard Default Ports
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 216 -
Section 29 Updating Maestro’s HTML Upload Applet
........................................................
he HTML upload applet that is part of LISTSERV Maestro is digitally signed with
a digital certificate, which is a mechanism to authenticate the trustworthiness of
the applet before allowing it to access the user's local disk (for loading the HTML
file and inline binaries). The digital certificate that is used for this process is issued by a
trustworthy signing authority and has a limited validity duration, i.e. it expires at a given
date. (To date, L-Soft uses certificates issued by Thawte Consulting or VeriSign.)
After the certificate has expired, the upload applet will still continue to function but the
user may be presented with a warning message that the certificate has expired.
Note: An upload applet with an expired certificate is just as secure as an upload applet
with a valid certificate; therefore, if you are not bothered by the warning
messages, you may continue to use the expired applet without any worries.
However, the warning message about the expired certificate may irritate users
and leave them uncertain about if it is safe to execute the applet. If you want to
avoid this, then you need to replace the expired applet with a freshly signed
version as described below.
T
The upload applet comes in two versions: One version is for the Sun Java-Plugin, which
is used by many modern browsers (for example by Firefox, Safari and Mozilla, and often
also by Internet Explorer); the other version is for the Microsoft Java Virtual Machine,
which is used mostly by older Internet Explorer installations. The version of the applet
that is being used depends entirely on the browser used to access LISTSERV Maestro,
(i.e. at one and the same LISTSERV Maestro installation, both applet versions may be
used). The two versions of the applet are identical in terms of their function and how they
work, but the certificate messages they present to the user are different, as described in
the following sections.
29.1 Sun Java-Plugin
If the certificate has expired, a message like the following will be displayed when the
upload applet is started for the first time in a given browser session:
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 217 -
Section 29
Updating Maestro’s HTML Upload Applet
(If you click "Yes", then the upload applet will still function normally.)
For an applet with a certificate that is still valid, the message will look similar to this:
If you are seeing the former of the two messages, then the certificate of the applet in your
LISTSERV Maestro has expired. If you want to avoid the warning message so that the
second message is being displayed instead, you need to update the applet in your
LISTSERV Maestro server with a version that has been signed with a fresh certificate that
is still valid.
Please contact L-Soft support with information about the LISTSERV Maestro version you
are using and you will be supplied with a freshly signed version of the applet (it might be
necessary that you update to the newest LISTSERV Maestro version before you can
apply the new applet). The applet comes in form of a file called "upload.jar", which you
need to copy to the following location (overwriting the file of the same name which is
already present):
[Maestro_install_folder]/webapps/lui/JSP
It is not necessary to restart LISTSERV Maestro after this replacement, but if you already
had a browser open and were accessing LISTSERV Maestro, you may need to close and
restart the browser to make it aware of the new applet.
Note: The Sun Java-Plugin sometimes caches the applet on the local computer. This
may have the effect that on a given computer the old expired version of the applet
is being used even after you have replaced the "upload.jar" file. If this is the case,
then close your browser and clear the applet cache of the Sun Java-Plugin. For
example, on Windows and with the "Java 5" Java-Plugin: Select the Windows
Start Menu, click on Control Panel, click on the Java icon, click on the General
tab, click the [Delete Files] button, check the Downloaded Applets option, and
then click [OK].
29.2 Microsoft Java Virtual Machine
The MS Java VM does not display an explicit warning message for an expired certificate;
therefore, if this applet version is being used, users may not even notice that a certificate
has expired. However, if the certificate details are examined closely, the fact that the
applet is expired may still be noted.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 218 -
Section 29
Updating Maestro’s HTML Upload Applet
If the applet is started for the first time in a given browser session, a message similar to
the following is displayed:
This message looks exactly the same both for applets with a valid or an expired
certificate. If the user now clicks [Yes], then the applet will start normally without the user
even noticing that the certificate may have expired.
If you click on L-Soft Germany GmbH, then the following window is displayed where the
certificate validity can be seen (i.e. here a user may notice that the certificate is expired):
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 219 -
Section 29
Updating Maestro’s HTML Upload Applet
If you want to prevent a user from discovering that the applet has already expired, then
you need to update the applet in your LISTSERV Maestro server with a version that has
been signed with a fresh certificate that is still valid.
Please contact L-Soft support with information about the LISTSERV Maestro version you
are using to receive a freshly signed version of the applet (you may need to update to the
newest LISTSERV Maestro version before you can apply the new applet). The applet
comes in form of a file called "upload.cab", which you need to copy to the following
location (overwriting the file of the same name which is already present):
[Maestro_install_folder]/webapps/lui/JSP
It is not necessary to restart LISTSERV Maestro after this replacement, but if you already
had Internet Explorer open and were accessing LISTSERV Maestro, then you may need
to close and restart Internet Explorer to make it aware of the new applet.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 220 -
Glossary of Terms
........................................................
A
Administration Hub (HUB) – A component of the LISTSERV Maestro program that
allows the administrator to create user accounts, and assign and change settings for the
entire application.
AOL Rich Text Formatting – A message formatting style specific to the America
Online email client. Combines HTML elements with text elements. Users must have an
AOL email client to properly view this format. This setting is obsolete because recent
versions of the AOL email client accept HTML emails and have actually stopped
accepting the AOL Rick Text format.
B
Bounce – An Email message that is returned as undeliverable
Bounce Server – An optional dedicated LISTSERV server used exclusively to process
bounced email.
C
Click-Through Event – A trackable occurrence available with text and HTML email
messages that records each time a URL contained in the message is clicked.
Client System – A computer used to access the Maestro HUB or LUI components.
Column – A vertical set of data, as in a table or spreadsheet.
Content Template – Used to automatically define a job’s content, and allows a user to
create professional-looking HTML messages without any HTML coding. An email job’s
content definition can be based on these ready-to-use message templates that contain
placeholders that, when selected in the template designer, will let you fill in predefined
areas with your own text or images. In addition, all text, including any changes you may
make down the road, will be entered into both the HTML and the text part of your
message so you only need to enter the text once. Each placeholder can represent one
or several instances of plain text or HTML, or a linked or inline binary. When using the
template designer, you can also preview each placeholder, providing a full picture of
what the template will look like when it is finished.
D
Data Warehouse – Maestro’s Data Warehouse stores and manages recipient profiles
and target groups stored within LISTSERV Maestro.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 221 -
Glossary of Terms
Database – A large collection of data organized with inter-related data tables for rapid
search and retrieval, managed as an entity by a DBMS.
Database Client – Software used to access a database server.
Database Driver – A program installed on a workstation or server to allow programs on
that system to interact with a DBMS.
Database Plugin – A feature that allows LISTSERV Maestro to connect to a driver for a
particular DBMS.
Database Server – A single server running a DBMS to manage one or more databases.
Database Server Name – Upon installation, LISTSERV Maestro will automatically
create a Database Server Name for the system database. This name is viewable
through the Administration Hub under Connection Settings for LISTSERV Hosted Lists,
and must be entered into LISTSERV's site configuration file.
Datasets -- A recipient dataset is a collection of data organized into fields and
pertaining to recipients. The fields making up a dataset can have different types of
properties that determine the kind of data within them, such as text, numbers, menu
selections, dates, and so on. The data administrator designs the datasets within a
recipient warehouse, defining each field and the type of data it holds. The recipient
dataset also contains mailing lists created by the data administrator that use the
recipient data for job definition. The data is shared across all mailing lists that are
created within the dataset. Individual lists within the dataset are allowed to have
additional fields of data that pertain just to those lists.
DBMS – Database Management System (DBMS) is a software product for the
management of databases. Examples are: DB2, MySQL, Oracle, MS SQL Server.
Delimiter – The character or symbol that is used to separate one item from another. In
text files imported into databases, commas are often used as delimiters. A delimiter is
the same as a separator character.
DISTRIBUTE Job – A DISTRIBUTE job is a specially-formatted message sent to
LISTSERV from LISTSERV Maestro. The DISTRIBUTE job contains an email message
and recipient data.
Drop-In – A drop-in allows for content to be pulled from some source and inserted into a
message sent by LISTSERV Maestro. For instance, an unsubscribe banner could be
automatically added to an outgoing message.
DSN – Data Source Name (DSN) is required in the setup of ODBC in order to specify
the connection information for a database server. Database clients use the information
contained within the DSN to locate and log on to a database.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 222 -
Glossary of Terms
E
Email Job – In LISTSERV Maestro an email job is the creation of a customized list of
recipients matched with a customized email message that is scheduled for delivery and
then sent out.
Email Merge – Placing variables that are extracted from a database into an email
message template. This operation permits individual personalization of otherwise bulk
email messages.
Encoding – Is the transformation of data into digital form. With text encoding, different
character sets encode text files differently based on language and other variables. If a
special character set was used to encode a text file, that same encoding scheme needs
to be used to interpret the data correctly. LISTSERV® Maestro allows for the selection of
encoding based upon the original encoding scheme of the uploaded text file. For
example, if special encoding was used to initially create (and save) the text file (e.g.
ISO-7 encoding for a file with Greek characters, or a Unicode encoding), the same
encoding will have to be selected in LISTSERV® Maestro so that the system interprets
the uploaded data in the same way it was saved.
External System Database – Maestro is installed with a built-in internal MySQL
database. An alternate external database may be installed and configured to take the
place of the internal one.
F
G
H
Header – A special row of data that defines and labels the columns in a text file.
Host – Refers to a computer system on which one or more of the Maestro components
resides. The “Hostname” is the name of host system (e.g.,
MAESTRO.EXAMPLE.ORG).
Hosted Lists -- Hosted lists contain data from the dataset. They can also have their
own data fields that are not shared among lists in the dataset, but belong exclusively to
the list. Lists that do have their own fields will also have their own web subscription
forms generated when the list is created. All the fields that appear in the dataset and in
a particular list can be used as merged fields for messages sent to that list.
Hosted LISTSERV List – On some platforms, it is possible for LISTSERV Maestro to
create traditional LISTSERV lists and store the subscription data for these lists such that
they are accessible from the LISTSERV Maestro subscription pages. These types of
lists are referred to as Hosted LISTSERV Lists or HLLs because their data is “hosted”
within LISTSERV Maestro’s system database.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 223 -
Glossary of Terms
Hosted Recipient Data – A collection of data organized in columns and rows related
recipients and stored inside LISTSERV Maestro.
Hosted Recipient List – Lists that are controlled completely by LISTSERV Maestro.
HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the language used by web browsers
and web servers to communicate with each other.
HTTPS – Secure HTTP. Similar to HTTP, but the communication is encrypted, making it
more difficult for a third party to eavesdrop on the communication.
HUB – See “Administration Hub”.
I
Identity – A collection of several accounts that belong to one and the same "identity",
usually a person. By collecting all accounts of one person into an identity, LISTSERV
Maestro knows that these accounts all belong together. As a result, the user is then
allowed to switch between the accounts in the identity without having to perform an
actual logout and login. In other words, if a user logs in with one account that belongs to
an identity, then this user can switch over to all other accounts in the same identity
without having to first logout the old account and then login again with the new account.
Internal System Database – Maestro is installed with a built-in MySQL database. This
internal database is automatically configured upon installation. An alternate external
database may be installed and configured instead.
J
Java – The Java programming language and runtime environment are the technology
on which LISTSERV Maestro is built.
JDBC – Java Database Connector (JDBC) allows Java applications such as LISTSERV
Maestro to connect to database servers.
Job ID – A unique identifier assigned to each mailing sent through LISTSERV Maestro.
May have a Job ID Prefix attached to it.
K
Keystore – In order for SSL to work, the client must have a set of “keys” that contain the
digital signatures of trusted servers. These keystores allow for the client to verify the
identity of a trusted server.
L
List Archive – A LISTSERV-managed archive containing all messages sent to a
Hosted LISTSERV List.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 224 -
Glossary of Terms
LISTSERV® – An application that allows users to create and maintain email lists on their
corporate networks or on the Internet. LISTSERV supports all types of email lists:
newsletters (moderated and unmoderated), discussion groups, and direct marketing
campaigns. List sizes can range from a few participants in a discussion group to several
million in a newsletter. Every list and its archives can be maintained through a simple
web interface, which can be fully customized to match a website profile. When used
within LISTSERV Maestro, LISTSERV receives email jobs from LISTSERV Maestro
and prepares them for delivery. It is also used to process bounced mail for LISTSERV
Maestro mailings. Additionally, LISTSERV may act as an interface between LISTSERV
Maestro and an external DBMS. When Hosted LISTSERV Lists (HLLs) are used,
LISTSERV Maestro acts as the “DBMS back-end” to traditional LISTSERV lists and also
provides an interface for management of subscriber data for the LISTSERV lists.
LISTSERV Maestro – The software suite comprised of the Administration Hub, Maestro
User Interface, and Maestro Tracker.
Lookup Table – A set of values that is used for the values in a selection menu. Lookup
tables are shared across a recipient warehouse so multiple datasets can use them
LUI – See “Maestro User Interface”.
M
Maestro Tracker (TRK) – A component of the LISTSERV Maestro program that
receives and compiles tracking data from delivered email messages.
Maestro User Interface (LUI) – A component of the LISTSERV Maestro program that
allows regular users to create email jobs and tracking reports.
N
O
ODBC – Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is the means by which LISTSERV on
Windows connects to databases. LISTSERV Maestro may also use an ODBC plugin for
its database connectivity for read-only access to external recipient data.
Open-Up Event – A trackable occurrence available with HTML email messages that
records each time a message is opened by a recipient. Tracking is dependent on the
willingness of the recipients to be tracked; therefore, open-up counts are usually lower
than the actual number of open-up events.
P
Port Number – A port number is a number assigned to a particular network service on a
host. For example, SMTP usually uses port 25, while HTTP is usually port 80.
POSTMASTER – Used generally, a “postmaster” is someone responsible for the
administration of an Email server. In LISTSERV, the POSTMASTER site configuration
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 225 -
Glossary of Terms
parameter specifies the email addresses of individuals who have administrative control
over LISTSERV (and thus may create or delete lists, send DISTRIBUTE jobs, etc.).
Q
Quote character – In a SQL statement: a character (usually the single quote) used to
enclose string literals, to set them off from the rest of the SQL statement.
In a text file (CSV-file) containing data: a character or symbol used to surround the value
of a column if the value contains the separator character in the actual data. This is
necessary to ensure that the appearance of the separator character in the data is not
interpreted as an actual separation. For example, if a comma (,) is used as the
separator character in a database file, all the fields of data are separated by a comma. If
the comma is also used within a field, the quote character must be used to surround the
entire field. If the quote character is used within a field, it must be doubled, or “escaped.”
R
Recipient Profile – Data stored within LISTSERV Maestro particular to a unique
recipient. Contains at least an Email address, but may also contain other user data such
as name, mailing preferences, etc.
Recipient Warehouse – The repository for a group's data including lookup tables,
datasets, hosted lists, and recipient data.
RFC – Request for Comments (RFC) are documents that explain the rules that email
and other software products must follow in order to work cooperatively with each other
on the Internet. Understanding the rules is often helpful for understanding and
troubleshooting problems.
S
Select Statement – A SQL statement in form of a query that is issued to a database to
retrieve data.
Separator Character – A character or symbol used to separate one item from another.
In text files exported from databases, commas are often used as separator characters.
A separator character is the same as a delimiter.
SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is the protocol used by servers that send
and receive email messages over the Internet. An SMTP server is a mail transfer agent
(MTA) that uses the SMTP protocol to talk to other MTAs.
SMTP Worker Pool – Set on the LISTSERV Connection screen, this feature lets you
specify a LISTSERV worker pool to use for specific delivery situations. You can specify
different worker pools for standard deliveries and for test deliveries.
SQL – Structured Query Language (SQL) is a standardized query language for
requesting information from a database.
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 226 -
Glossary of Terms
SQL Statement – A statement written in SQL that is issued to a database to retrieve
data or to create, insert, update, or delete data in the database.
SSL – Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is the means by which secure communications (such
as HTTPS transactions) are encrypted.
System Database – The database in which the LISTSERV Maestro User Interface
(LUI) stores its system data (e.g., tracking data, job data, hosted recipient data, etc.)
When set up as an external system database, it may or may not be managed by the
same DBMS server as additional User Databases.
T
Tablespace – The digital “space” within a database allotted to a particular user or set of
tables.
Target Groups – Predefined recipient lists, complete with name and description,
created by the data administrator. Target groups can simplify and streamline the use of
data sources, including databases, uploaded text files, and email lists, to select
recipients and recipient data to the point where end users do not need to know anything
about how and where data is stored.
TCPGUI – The protocol used by Maestro to communicate with LISTSERV. The default
port for TCPGUI is 2036.
Tracking URL – Defines the URL for the Maestro Tracker Server.
TRK – See “Maestro Tracker”.
Trusted Root Certificate – Certain “root” agencies serve as registration storehouses
for digital “keys”. The root certificates (shipped with most web browsers) contain the
digital signatures of the root agencies.
U
User Database – An external database from which LISTSERV Maestro retrieves
recipient data. For example, LISTSERV Maestro can be used to send mailings to email
addresses extracted directly from an organization’s customer database, unlike other
products that require you to store the recipient data in their own database. May or may
not be on the same DBMS server as the External System Database.
V
W
X
Y
Z
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 227 -
Glossary of Terms
LISTSERV® Maestro, version 3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 228 -
Index
........................................................................
A
C
Accessing
disallowing with same user account 141
HUB 6
log files 123
restricting access to components 139
restricting login attempts 144
Admin Password
changing 13
Administration
configuring backups 45
email notifications 48
introduction 1
policies 45
refreshing the Subscriber Page
translations 51
runtime administration 45
special administrative user account 71
system shutdown 45
Administrative Policies 45
configuring backups 45
email notifications 48
user restrictions 46
Archived Jobs
importing 83
Archiving
completed jobs 82
delivered jobs 82
Character Sets
allowing bi-directional charsets 216
defining the default mail charset 215
disallowing bi-directional charsets 216
using
Configuring
backups 45
LISTSERV Maestro for first use 11
port usage 128
the application server shutdown port 132
the backup history 114
the backup location 113
the backup time 111
the external database 102
the external post-backup processes 112
the HTTP port 128
the internal communication port 130
the internal database connection port 131
the tracker communications port 131
Current Build Version
finding 5
B
Backups
configuring 45
configuring a backup time 111
configuring external post-backup
processes 112
configuring the backup history 114
configuring the backup location 113
creating a Test-Bed Backup on the
original system 121
ID 115
restoring 111, 115
restoring a Test-Bed Backup into the
Test System 122
saving 111
saving to an external medium 114
using a Test-Bed Backup 119
Build Version
finding 5
LISTSERV® Maestro, v3.3
D
Dashboard 79
Current and Upcoming Deliveries
section 79
Currently in the System section 79
hiding a section 80
Jobs Due Next section 79
rearranging the sections 80
Recent Deliveries section 79
refreshing the data 80
showing a section 80
Database Plugins 94
IBM DB2 v7.2 95
IBM DB2 v8.2 94
MySQL ConnectorJ Driver 95
MySQL L-Soft Driver 96
ODBC Driver 98
Oracle 8i, 9i, 10g Thin Driver 96
registering 100
SQL Server i-net SPRINTA Driver 98
SQL Server jTDS Driver 97
SQL Server Microsoft Driver 97
Dataset
deleting a Hosted List 92
Administrator’s Manual
- 233 -
Index
Datasets
changing ownership 91
deleting 91, 92
Default LISTSERV Connection
defining 31
Distributed Components
configuring LISTSERV Maestro
components with server
name aliases or proxies 197
fresh installation 188
introduction 187
moving components to another server 188
moving the Administration Hub
component 191
moving the database external
component 194
moving the Maestro User Interface
component 188
moving the Tracker component 193
server name aliases and proxies 195
DomainKeys
using 175
Drop-In Content Elements
changing ownership 87
deleting 88
E
Email Notifications
administration 48
defining different SMTP servers 48
sending an email notification after
each backup 48
testing 50
Evaluation Mode 199
External Database
adding
configuring 102
defining connections 93
removing
External Database See System Database
Sun Java Plugin 221
updating 221
HTTP Ports
configuring 128
HUB Interface
accessing 6
changing a password 13
editing the INI file 169
introduction 6
ports 127
I
Icons
Help 79
Identities 53
creating 55
deleting 67
editing 54
Importing
archived jobs 83
INI Files
Administration HUB entries 169
editing 163
Maestro User Interface entries 164
Tomcat entries 171
Tracker entries 170
Integration
between LISTSERV and LISTSERV
Maestro 177
Interface Links
between Membership Area and
Subscriber’s Corner 184
defining 177
Internal Database
adding
removing
Internal Database See System Database
International Character Sets
See Character Sets
IP Addresses
defining 133
F
J
Firewall
install behind 135
Jobs
archiving 82
changing ownership 84
importing archived jobs 83
G
Groups
deleting 67
K
H
L
Hosted Lists
deleting from a dataset 92
HTML Upload Applet
Microsoft Java Virtual Machine 222
Links
defining between LISTSERV and
LISTSERV Maestro 177
LISTSERV® Maestro, v3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 234 -
Index
defining between Membership Area
and Subscriber’s Corner 184
List Context
querying the build number xi
LISTSERV
preparing for LISTSERV Maestro 15
preparing Maestro to send distribute
jobs 23
preparing to allow HLL 17
preparing to process distribute jobs
from Maestro 15
specifying a separate LISTSERV instance
for processing bounces 25
specifying the LISTSERV host with
different internal and
external names 24
using existing lists with Maestro 26
with LISTSERV Maestro 15
LISTSERV Maestro
configuring for first use 11
default settings 31
defining links between Membership
Area and Subscriber’s Corner 184
defining links with LISTSERV 177
editing INI files 163
enabling single sign-on 180
in evaluation mode 199
installing behind a firewall 135
integration with LISTSERV 177
introduction 1
LISTSERV instances 15
log files 123
making aware of the server certificate 154
multiple tracking URLs 41
preparing LISTSERV for 15
preparing LISTSERV to allow HLL 17
preparing LISTSERV to process
distribute jobs 15
preparing to send distribute jobs to
LISTSERV 23
securing access with SSL 145
setting the default tracking URL 40
settings for the User Interface 27
specifying a separate LISTSERV instance
for processing bounces 25
standard default ports 219
User Roles 2
using existing LISTSERV lists 26
what’s new xi
LISTSERV nodes
serving multiple nodes on a single
server 207
LISTSERV Web Interface
adding to the Tomcat server 213
LISTSERV® Maestro, v3.3
Log Files
accessing 123
Remote Log Access 123
Subscriber Activity Change Log 124
Login
auto login 41
Logs
remote access 3
Lookup Tables
changing ownership 91
deleting 91
M
Maestro Tracker
configuring the Tracker
communications port 131
editing the INI file 170
ports 127
N
O
P
Password
changing 13
Ports
configuring the application server
shutdown port 132
configuring the HTTP Port 128
configuring the internal
communication port 130
configuring the internal database
connection port 131
configuring the tracker
communications port 131
configuring usage 128
for the HUB 127
for the TRK 127
for the User Interface 127
standard defaults 219
using non-standard ports 127
Q
R
Recipient Datasets
changing ownership 91
deleting 91
Recipient Profiles 159
Remote Log Access 3
Remote Query
the build number of list context xi
Administrator’s Manual
- 235 -
Index
Remote Version Query
HUB 5
LUI 5
TRK 5
Reports
changing ownership 84
Restrictions
disallowing concurrent access with
the same user account 141
for login attempts 144
IP Address 139
to components 139
Runtime Administration
settings 45
removing an internal DB
SQL Server 105
System Requirements
Client 5
System Shutdown 45
T
S
Secure Communication
components 148
creating an unsigned server certificate 150
installing a server certificate 149
installing a signed server certification 152
installing a trusted root certificate 153
introduction 145
making Maestro aware of the server
certificate 154
performing a CSR 151
securing access with SSL 145
securing the Trusted Root Certificate
Keystore 149
Sender Profiles
changing ownership 87
deleting 88
Single Sign-On
enabling 180
SMTP Workers
defining separate for deliveries 32
SSL
securing access 145
Standard Delivery
defining separate SMTP workers 32
Subscriber Pages
refreshing the translations 51
System Database
adding an external DB
available plugins 94
configuring the external DB 102
DB2 106
defining external database
connections 93
introduction 101
MySQL 107
optimization 108
Oracle 105
preparing 104
LISTSERV® Maestro, v3.3
Target Group Categories
changing ownership 89
deleting 90
Target Groups
changing ownership 89
deleting 91
Test Deliveries
defining separate SMTP workers 32
Test-Bed Backups 119
creating 121
restoring into the Test System 122
Tomcat
adding content 201
adding content as a new context 201
adding the LISTSERV Web Interface 213
defining the default context 203
editing the INI file 171
enabling access logging for added
content 205
enabling access logging for custom
content 206
enabling access logging for WA 205
Tomcat Server
serving multiple LISTSERV nodes
on a single server 207
Toolbar 71
Back To menu 77
Dataset menu 74
Help icon 79
Hosted List menu 76
Linked LISTSERV List menu 76
LISTSERV menu 77
Logout menu 79
Mail Job menu 71
Preferences menu 78
Recipient Warehouse menu 73
Report menu 73
Utility menu 74
Tracker
configuring the communications port 131
editing the INI file 170
Tracking 159
U
User Accounts 53
assigning group user settings 56
assigning single user settings 56, 57
Administrator’s Manual
- 236 -
Index
creating 54
deleting 67
disallowing concurrent access 141
editing 54, 57, 58
special administrative account 71
User Interface
editing the INI file 164
ports 127
setting the default tracking URL 40
settings 27
User Restrictions 46
User Rights
assigning 56
managing 56
User Roles
Data Warehouse Administrator 2
Database Administrator 2
LISTSERV Maestro Administrator 2
LISTSERV Site Administrator 2
Maestro User 2
SMTP Server Administrator 2
System Administrator 2
User Settings
default settings 31
Using Rights
editing 56
V
W
X
Y
Z
LISTSERV® Maestro, v3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 237 -
Index
LISTSERV® Maestro, v3.3
Administrator’s Manual
- 238 -
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement