PDF
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video
BIOS v1.16
User Guide
October 2012
Document Number: 442076-026US
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Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS
User Guide
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Document Number: 442076-026US
Contents—Intel® EMGD
Contents
1.0
Introduction............................................................................................................... 9
1.1
Purpose ............................................................................................................. 9
1.2
Intended Audience .............................................................................................. 9
1.3
Related Documents ........................................................................................... 10
1.4
Conventions ..................................................................................................... 11
1.5
Acronyms and Terminology................................................................................. 11
1.6
Downloading Intel® EMGD and Video BIOS ........................................................... 14
2.0
Architectural Overview ............................................................................................ 15
2.1
Introduction ..................................................................................................... 15
2.1.1 Display Options...................................................................................... 17
2.2
Features .......................................................................................................... 18
2.2.1 Chipsets Supported ................................................................................ 18
2.2.2 OS and API Support................................................................................ 19
2.2.3 DisplayID Support .................................................................................. 19
2.2.4 EDID-Less Configuration ......................................................................... 19
2.2.5 Rotation................................................................................................ 20
3.0
Platform Configuration Using CED............................................................................ 21
3.1
Before You Begin............................................................................................... 21
3.2
Creating a Configuration in CED – Summary Steps................................................. 22
3.3
Starting CED..................................................................................................... 23
3.4
Creating a New Customized DTD ......................................................................... 23
3.4.1 DTD Example Specifications..................................................................... 26
3.5
Creating a New Configuration.............................................................................. 27
3.5.1 Setting Color Correction .......................................................................... 29
3.5.2 Configuring Ports ................................................................................... 31
3.5.3 Configuring Fastboot............................................................................... 37
3.5.4 Configuring the Video BIOS and EFI .......................................................... 41
3.5.5 Creating an EPOG Configuration ............................................................... 44
3.6
Creating a New Package ..................................................................................... 44
3.6.1 Entering Linux OS Options ....................................................................... 47
3.6.2 Entering Windows OS Options .................................................................. 48
3.6.3 Generating a VBIOS Package ................................................................... 50
3.6.4 Entering EFI Options ............................................................................... 50
3.6.5 Entering EPOG Options............................................................................ 52
3.7
Generating an Installation .................................................................................. 53
3.8
Configuring the System BIOS for Use with the Intel® EMGD .................................... 53
3.9
System BIOS Settings........................................................................................ 53
3.9.1 GMCH PCIe Device Enabling..................................................................... 54
3.9.2 Graphics Mode Select (GMS) .................................................................... 54
3.9.3 AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Aperture Size ........................................... 54
3.10 VBIOS and Driver Configuration .......................................................................... 54
3.11 Configuration Options ........................................................................................ 58
3.12 Display Detection and Initialization ...................................................................... 65
3.12.1 Display Detect Operation......................................................................... 65
3.12.2 Detectable Displays ................................................................................ 67
3.13 Advanced EDID Configuration ............................................................................. 67
3.13.1 Sample Advanced EDID Configurations...................................................... 68
3.13.2 User-Specified DTDs ............................................................................... 69
3.14 Using an External PCIe Graphics Adapter as the Primary Device on
Windows XP...................................................................................................... 69
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Intel® EMGD—Contents
3.15
3.16
Enhanced Clone Mode Support ............................................................................71
3.15.1 Clone Mode CED Configuration .................................................................72
Scaling and Centering Configurations ...................................................................72
3.16.1 Upscaling for the Chrontel CH7308 LVDS Transmitters .................................73
3.16.2 Internal LVDS Scaling with EDID Panels .....................................................73
3.16.3 Centering Primary Display with Scaling Encoders.........................................74
3.16.4 Enabling Render Scaling on Port Encoders without Hardware Scaling .............74
3.16.5 Alignment in Clone Mode .........................................................................74
4.0
Video Firmware ........................................................................................................76
4.1
Overview ..........................................................................................................76
4.2
System Requirements ........................................................................................76
4.3
Configuring and Building the VBIOS with CED ........................................................76
4.3.1 Selecting the Build Folder ........................................................................77
4.3.2 Configuring the Video BIOS ......................................................................78
4.3.3 Building the VBIOS .................................................................................80
4.4
VBIOS, Driver Compatibility, and Data Dependencies..............................................83
4.4.1 VESA and VGA Video Modes .....................................................................83
5.0
Configuring and Installing Microsoft Windows Drivers .............................................87
5.1
Editing the Microsoft Windows INF File..................................................................87
5.2
Configuration Information ...................................................................................87
5.2.1 Universal INF Configuration......................................................................87
5.2.2 Dual Panel Configuration..........................................................................88
5.2.3 Chipset Dual Display Example ..................................................................88
5.2.4 Creating Registry Settings for Graphics Driver INF File .................................88
5.2.5 Dynamic Port Driver Configuration ............................................................91
5.2.6 Changing Default Display Mode.................................................................93
5.2.7 Creating an .sld file for Microsoft Windows XP Embedded Systems.................93
5.3
Installing the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver on Microsoft
Windows ..........................................................................................................94
5.3.1 Silent Installation ...................................................................................94
5.4
Uninstalling the Current Version of the Driver ........................................................94
5.5
Runtime Operation.............................................................................................95
5.6
Viewing and Changing the Driver Configuration from Microsoft Windows....................96
6.0
Configuring and Building Intel® EMGD for Microsoft Windows* Embedded
Compact 7 ..............................................................................................................101
6.1
Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7 Installation.......................................... 101
6.1.1 Prerequisites ........................................................................................ 101
6.1.2 Platform Builder Requirements ............................................................... 101
6.1.3 Integrating Intel® EMGD DirectX DirectShow Codecs ................................. 104
6.2
Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7 Configuration ...................................... 105
6.2.1 Basic Driver Configuration...................................................................... 106
6.2.2 Configuration Sets ................................................................................ 110
6.2.3 General Configuration............................................................................ 110
6.2.4 Per Port Platform Customization.............................................................. 114
6.2.5 Framebuffer Direct Access ..................................................................... 116
6.2.6 Miscellaneous Configuration Options........................................................ 117
6.2.7 Sample emgd.reg File............................................................................ 117
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Contents—Intel® EMGD
7.0
Installing and Configuring Linux* OS Drivers......................................................... 133
7.1
Overview ....................................................................................................... 133
7.2
Prerequisites................................................................................................... 133
7.2.1 Supported Hardware............................................................................. 134
7.3
Installation ..................................................................................................... 134
7.3.1 Linux Installer Overview........................................................................ 134
7.3.2 Installing Intel® EMGD for MeeGo, IVI Release ......................................... 134
7.3.3 Installing Intel® EMGD for Timesys Fedora Remix 14 ................................ 136
7.4
Configuring Linux* .......................................................................................... 138
7.4.1 Configuration Overview ......................................................................... 138
7.4.2 Linux* OS Configuration Using CED ........................................................ 138
7.4.3 Linux* OS Configuration Using CED Lite .................................................. 138
7.4.4 Editing the Linux* OS Configuration File Directly....................................... 139
7.4.5 The Linux* OS Configuration File ............................................................ 140
7.4.6 Xorg* Configuration Options .................................................................. 147
7.4.7 Sample Dual Independent Head (DIH) Configuration ................................. 151
7.4.8 Vertical Extended Configuration.............................................................. 152
7.4.9 Enabling Runtime “DIH to CLONE” Function ............................................. 152
7.4.10 Configuring Accelerated Video Encode and Decode for Intel® EMGD ............ 153
7.4.11 Video Encode with USB Camera.............................................................. 158
7.4.12 Graphics Port Initialization ..................................................................... 159
7.4.13 OpenGL Support .................................................................................. 159
7.4.14 Sample Advanced EDID Configurations for Linux* OS................................ 160
7.4.15 Flash Plugin Support ............................................................................. 160
7.4.16 DMA to Overlay Support........................................................................ 161
7.4.17 DMA to Framebuffer Support ................................................................. 161
7.4.18 Seamless Switches from Clone Mode to VEXT Mode .................................. 161
7.5
Runtime Configuration GUI ............................................................................... 162
7.5.1 emgdgui Setup .................................................................................... 162
7.5.2 Using the emgdgui Runtime Configuration Utility ...................................... 163
7.5.3 Environment Variables .......................................................................... 167
7.6
Runtime Freeze and UnFreeze Display (Framebuffer) ........................................... 168
7.7
Wayland and Weston Setup .............................................................................. 168
7.7.1 Installation .......................................................................................... 168
7.8
Runtime Video Overlay Plane or Sprite C Plane Selection via Escape
Function Call................................................................................................... 172
7.9
Runtime Primary Display and Secondary Display Swap via Escape Function
Call. .............................................................................................................. 172
A
Example INF File .................................................................................................... 174
B
Port Driver Attributes ............................................................................................ 180
B.1
Standard Port Driver Attributes ......................................................................... 180
B.2
Port Driver Attributes....................................................................................... 182
B.2.1 Internal LVDS Port Driver Attributes (Mobile chipsets only) ........................ 182
B.2.2 HDMI Port Driver Attributes ................................................................... 183
B.2.3 Chrontel CH7307 Port Driver Attributes ................................................... 184
B.2.4 Chrontel CH7308 Port Driver Attributes ................................................... 184
B.2.5 Chrontel CH7315/CH7319/CH7320 Port Driver Attributes........................... 185
B.2.6 Chrontel CH7317b Port Driver Attributes ................................................. 185
B.2.7 Chrontel CH7022 Port Driver Attributes ................................................... 185
B.2.8 Chrontel CH7036 Port Driver Attributes ................................................... 187
B.2.9 Silicon Image SiI 1362/SiI 1364 Port Driver DVI Attributes ........................ 187
B.2.10 LAPIS Semiconductor* ML7213 .............................................................. 188
B.2.11 STM* IOH ConneXt............................................................................... 188
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Intel® EMGD—Contents
B.3
B.4
B.5
B.6
Chipset and Port Driver-specific Installation Information ....................................... 188
Default Search Order........................................................................................ 188
Default GPIO Pin Pair Assignments ..................................................................... 188
Default I2C Device Address Byte Assignment....................................................... 189
C
Intel® 5F Extended Interface Functions .................................................................190
C.1
BIOS Extended Interface Functions .................................................................... 191
C.1.1 5F01h – Get Video BIOS Information....................................................... 191
C.1.2 5F05h – Refresh Rate............................................................................ 191
C.1.3 5F10h – Get Display Memory Information ................................................ 193
C.1.4 5F1Ch – BIOS Pipe Access ..................................................................... 193
C.1.5 5F29h – Get Mode Information ............................................................... 194
C.1.6 5F61h – Local Flat Panel Support Function ............................................... 194
C.1.7 5F68h – System BIOS Callback............................................................... 195
C.2
Hooks for the System BIOS............................................................................... 195
C.2.1 5F31h – POST Completion Notification Hook ............................................. 195
C.2.2 5F33h – Hook After Mode Set ................................................................. 196
C.2.3 5F35h – Boot Display Device Hook .......................................................... 196
C.2.4 5F36h – Boot TV Format Hook ................................................................ 197
C.2.5 5F38h – Hook Before Set Mode............................................................... 197
C.2.6 5F40h – Config ID Hook......................................................................... 198
D
2D/3D API Support ................................................................................................199
D.1
2D Support ..................................................................................................... 199
D.2
3D Support ..................................................................................................... 199
D.2.1 OpenGL APIs........................................................................................ 199
D.2.2 OpenGL ES 1.1 ..................................................................................... 205
D.2.3 OpenGL ES 2.0 ..................................................................................... 206
D.2.4 OpenVG 1.1 ......................................................................................... 206
D.2.5 EGL .................................................................................................... 206
E
Using the AMI* Video BIOS Utility..........................................................................207
E.1
Introduction .................................................................................................... 207
E.2
Getting Started with the AMI Utility .................................................................... 207
E.3
Supported Hardware Platforms .......................................................................... 207
E.4
Scope ............................................................................................................ 207
E.5
Features ......................................................................................................... 208
F
Installing Video Camera Drivers for LAPIS Semiconductor* ML7213 Board............209
Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver ................................................................15
Graphics Driver Architecture ......................................................................................16
Firmware Architecture ...............................................................................................16
Sample CED Configuration Start Page .........................................................................22
Intel® EMGD Configuration Editor Main Window ............................................................23
EMGD DTD Page.......................................................................................................24
Chipset Configuration Page ........................................................................................27
Overlay Color Correction Page ....................................................................................30
Framebuffer Color Correction Page..............................................................................31
Port Configuration Page.............................................................................................32
Attribute Settings Page for the Chrontel CH7022/CH7307/CH7308 Encoders.....................34
sDVO Settings Page ..................................................................................................35
Panel Settings Page ..................................................................................................36
EFI GOP Configuration Page .......................................................................................37
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS
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Contents—Intel® EMGD
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Splash Video with 8 MB of Stolen Memory Example ...................................................... 40
Video BIOS Configuration Page .................................................................................. 42
Intel® EMGD Package Editor Page .............................................................................. 45
Linux Options Page................................................................................................... 47
Windows Options Page.............................................................................................. 49
VBIOS Generation Page ............................................................................................ 50
EFI Generation Page................................................................................................. 51
LVDS Configuration Page .......................................................................................... 56
Intel® EMGD Configuration Editor Page ....................................................................... 57
External PCIe Graphics Card as Primary Driver and Intel® EMGD as Secondary
Driver..................................................................................................................... 70
Intel® EMGD as Primary Driver and External PCIe Graphics Card as Secondary
Driver..................................................................................................................... 70
Intel® EMGD as Primary Driver with Two Displays and External PCIe Driving a
Tertiary Display ....................................................................................................... 71
Video BIOS Directory Structure .................................................................................. 78
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Driver Info Tab ................................................. 96
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Config Tab ............................................ 97
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Attributes Tab........................................ 98
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Color Correction Tab .......................................... 99
Typical Memory Map Using Static Memory Model ........................................................ 107
Example xorg.conf File for MeeGo ............................................................................ 140
Example xorg.conf File for Timesys Fedora Remix 14 .................................................. 142
Sample DIH Configuration ....................................................................................... 151
Example Linux Runtime Configuration GUI — Driver Info Tab ....................................... 163
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Config Tab ................................ 164
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Attributes Tab............................ 165
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Color Correction Tab (Framebuffer) ......... 166
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Color Correction Tab (Overlay)................ 167
Tables
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Acronyms and Terminology ....................................................................................... 11
Types of Displays Supported...................................................................................... 17
Display Configuration Definitions ................................................................................ 17
Supported Display Configurations............................................................................... 18
Chipsets Supported by the Intel® EMGD...................................................................... 18
Intel® EMGD DTD Setting Options .............................................................................. 25
Timing Specification Example Values .......................................................................... 26
Chipset Configuration Page Settings ........................................................................... 28
Overlay Color Correction Values (applies to ALL color)................................................... 29
Framebuffer Color Correction Values (applies to R, G, B color) ....................................... 30
Port Configuration Settings........................................................................................ 33
I2C Settings ............................................................................................................ 35
Panel Settings Options .............................................................................................. 36
Fastboot Options...................................................................................................... 38
Video BIOS Settings Options...................................................................................... 43
Intel® EMGD Package Editor Setting Options ............................................................... 45
Linux OS Settings Options ......................................................................................... 47
Windows OS Setting Options ..................................................................................... 49
GMCH Device 2, Function 1 BIOS Setting .................................................................... 54
GMS Settings .......................................................................................................... 54
Parameter Configuration Format ................................................................................ 58
Detectable Displays .................................................................................................. 67
Sample Advanced EDID Configurations ....................................................................... 68
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User Guide
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Intel® EMGD—Contents
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25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
Supported VGA Video Display Modes ...........................................................................83
VESA Modes Supported by Video BIOS ......................................................................85
Example of Chipset Dual Display Parameter Setting ......................................................88
Framebuffer Color Correction Values (applies to R, G, B color) ........................................99
Overlay Color Correction Values (applies to ALL color) ...................................................99
[HKLM\DRIVERS\Display\Intel] Registry Keys............................................................. 106
[HKLM\Drivers\Display\Intel\<platform>\<config id>\]Registry Keys ............................ 111
PortOrder Information ............................................................................................. 112
Supported Driver Options ........................................................................................ 148
Sample Advanced EDID Configurations for Linux* OS .................................................. 160
Standard Port Driver Attributes ................................................................................ 180
Internal LVDS Port Driver Attributes.......................................................................... 182
Chrontel CH7307 Port Driver Attributes ..................................................................... 184
Chrontel CH7308 Port Driver Attributes ..................................................................... 184
Chrontel CH7317b Port Driver Attributes.................................................................... 185
Chrontel CH7022 Port Driver Attributes ..................................................................... 185
Chrontel CH7036 Port Driver Attributes ..................................................................... 187
Default Search Order .............................................................................................. 188
Default GPIO Pin Pair Assignments............................................................................ 188
Default I2C Device Address Byte Assignment.............................................................. 189
Summary of Intel 5F Extended Interface Functions ..................................................... 190
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs for Windows............................................................... 199
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs for Linux.................................................................... 202
Non-Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs .......................................................................... 204
Non-Supported Intel® OpenGL ES APIs on US15W/WP/WPT ......................................... 206
This document may have been updated since the release shown below. See
http://edc.intel.com/Software/Downloads/ for the most recent version.
Date
October 2012
Revision
Description
®
026
Intel
September 2012
025
Intel® EMGD 1.16 for Windows XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7
Preliminary Release
EMGD 1.16 for Windows XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7 Release
August 2012
024
Intel® EMGD 1.16 for Windows XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7
Preliminary Release
April 2012
023
Intel® EMGD 1.14 for Windows XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7 Release
March 2012
022
Intel® EMGD 1.14 for Windows XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7
Preliminary Release
January 2012
021
Intel® EMGD 1.10.1 Hotfix for Windows XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7
Release
November 2011
020
Intel® EMGD v1.10 for Windows XP/Linux Release
October 2011
019
Intel® EMGD v1.10 for Windows XP/Linux Preliminary Release
October 2011
018
Intel® EMGD v1.10 for Windows Embedded Compact 7 Release
September 2011
017
Intel® EMGD v1.8.1 Hotfix Release; updated references to “Fedora Timesys 14”
to “'Timesys Fedora Remix 14”
July 2011
016
Intel® EMGD v1.10 for Windows Embedded Compact 7 Preliminary Release
June 2011
015
Intel® EMGD v1.8 for Windows XP/Linux Release
May 2011
014
Intel® EMGD v1.8 for Windows Embedded Compact 7 Preliminary Release
April 2011
013
Intel® EMGD v1.6 for Windows XP and Linux Release
January 2011
012
Intel® EMGD v1.5.3 for Windows CE Release
January 2011
011
Intel® EMGD v1.5.2 for Windows XP and Linux Release
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS
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Contents—Intel® EMGD
Date
Revision
December 2010
010
Intel® EMGD v1.5 for Windows CE Release
Description
October 2010
009
Intel® EMGD v1.5 for Windows CE Preliminary Release
October 2010
008
Intel® EMGD v1.5 for Windows XP and Linux Release
July 2010
007
Intel® EMGD v1.5 for Windows CE Preliminary Release
July 2010
006
Intel® EMGD v1.0 for Linux Release
June 2010
005
Intel® EMGD v1.0/v1.5 for Linux Beta Release
June 2010
004
Intel® EMGD v1.0 Mid-year Release for Windows XP
June 2010
003
Intel® EMGD EC Release for Linux
June 2010
002
Intel® EMGD Mid-year Release for Windows XP
April 2010
001
Intel® EMGD Beta Release
February 2010
001
Intel® EMGD Alpha Release
November 2009
001
Intel® EMGD Pre-alpha Release
§§
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Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS
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Intel® EMGD—Introduction
1.0
Introduction
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver (Intel® EMGD) comprises a suite of
multi-platform graphics drivers designed to meet the requirements of embedded
applications. Featuring Intel® Dynamic Display Configuration Technology (DDCT), the
drivers run on the following Embedded Intel® Architecture (eIA) chipsets:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx (Linux/Windows XP/Windows Embedded Compact 7)
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset (Linux/Windows XP)
Note:
If you need support for a chipset that is not listed above but is in the same family as
those listed, please contact your Intel representative.
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver supports the following types of display
devices:
• Analog CRT (through sDVO)
• LVDS flat panels
• TMDS DVI displays (through sDVO)
• HDMI (through sDVO)
• TV Output (through sDVO)
Intel® EMGD is designed to work with fixed-function systems, such as Point-of-Sale
(POS) devices, ATMs, gaming devices, In-vehicle Information/Entertainment systems,
etc. It can be configured to work with various hardware and software systems and
supports both Microsoft Windows* and Linux* operating systems, including embedded
versions of these operating systems.
Intel® EMGD contains a Video BIOS (VBIOS) component. Both Intel® EMGD and the
VBIOS component are configurable and work together to provide a wide range of
features. This document provides information on configuring and using both the Intel®
EMGD and the VBIOS.
For a list of features supported in this Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
release, please refer to the EMGD Feature Matrix (available on the EDC website) and
release notes for details.
1.1
Purpose
This manual provides information on both firmware and software, providing hardware
design considerations, installation requirements, and static configuration options.
1.2
Intended Audience
This document is targeted at all platform and system developers who need to interface
with the graphics subsystem. This includes, but is not limited to: platform designers,
system BIOS developers, system integrators, original equipment manufacturers,
system control application developers, as well as end users.
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS
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Document Number: 442076-026US
Introduction—Intel® EMGD
1.3
Related Documents
The following documents provide additional information that may be useful when using
the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver. Additional resources are available at
http://edc.intel.com/Software/Downloads/EMGD/.
• Early Direct Camera Presentation on Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx Series
Application Note (Document Number: 511280)
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx B0 Silicon Erratum #9: Clipped SDVO Display on
Dual Displays or Sprite Plane-Enabled SDVO Display Frequently Asked Questions
(Document Number: 455133)
• Display Flickering Sightings and Characterization on Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Series (B0-Stepping) White Paper
(Document Number: 324737)
• Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers for Embedded Intel® Architecture-based
Chipsets Product Brief
(Document Number: 315587)
• Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx Series Datasheet
(Document Number: 319535)
• Intel® System Controller Hub (Intel® SCH) Datasheet
(Document Number: 319537)
• Intel® I/O Controller Hub 9 (ICH9) Family Datasheet
(Document Number: 316972)
• Integrated Dual Independent Display on Intel® Digital Security Surveillance
Multifunction Platforms Application Brief
• Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Direct Camera Presentation Interface
White Paper
(Document Number: 498844)
• Display Panel Debugging with the Intel Graphics Memory Controller Hub
(Document Number: 305964)
• Hardware Accelerated Adobe* Flash* Linux on Embedded Devices
(Document Number: 325389)
• Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers, Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver,
EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS API Reference Manual
(Document Number: 498519)
• VESA BIOS Extensions/Display Data Channel Standard
This document provides information on the 4F VBE functions, which are supported
by the Intel embedded Video BIOS.
• VESA BIOS Extension (VBE) Core Functions Standard Version 3.0
Contains information on the VESA BIOS Extension (VBE) specification for standard
software access to graphics display controllers that support resolutions, color
depths, and framebuffer organizations beyond the VGA hardware standard.
Note:
The above two documents are available from http://www.vesa.org. Membership may
be required to access these documents. Reproductions may also be available from
elsewhere on the Internet.
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Intel® EMGD—Introduction
1.4
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this document.
1.5
Boldface
Represents text that you type and text that appears on a screen.
Italics
Introduces new terms and titles of documents.
Courier New
Identifies the names of files, executable program names, and text that appears in
a file.
Angle Brackets (<>)
Encloses variable values in syntax or value ranges that you must replace with
actual values.
Vertical Bar ( | )
Used to separate choices (for example, TRUE | FALSE)
Acronyms and Terminology
The table below lists the acronyms and terminology used throughout this document.
Table 1.
Acronyms and Terminology (Sheet 1 of 4)
Term
Description
ADD Card
AGP Digital Display. An adapter card that can be inserted into the PCIe
x16 port of Intel chipset family-based systems. ADD cards allow
configurations for TV-out, LVDS, and TMDS output (i.e., televisions,
digital displays, and flat panel displays).
AIM
Add In Module.
API
Application Programming Interface.
BDA
BIOS Data Area. A storage area that contains information about the
current state of a display, including mode number, number of columns,
cursor position, etc.
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System. The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver interacts with two BIOS systems: system BIOS and Video BIOS
(VBIOS). VBIOS is a component of the system BIOS.
BLDK
Boot Loader Development Kit.
CED
Configuration EDitor. Graphical pre-installation utility allows easy creation
of consolidated driver installation packages for Windows* and Linux
*operating systems, and VBIOS across numerous platforms and display
combinations.
Clone Display Configuration
A type of display configuration that drives two display devices, each
displaying the same content, but can have different resolutions and
(independent) timings. Compare DIH Display Configuration.
Contrast Ratio
Contrast ratio is the measure of the difference between light and dark on
a display. If the contrast is increased, the difference between light and
dark is increased. So something white will be very bright and something
black will be very dark. Brightness and Contrast Controls differ in function
between CRTs and LCDs.
COPP
Certified Output Protection Protocol* is a Microsoft-defined API to provide
application with information about what output protection options are
available on a system.
D3D
Microsoft Direct3D*. A3D graphics API as a component of DirectX*
technology.
DC
Display Configuration.
DDCT
Intel® Dynamic Display Configuration Technology.
DirectDraw*
A component of the DirectX* Graphics API in Microsoft Windows OS.
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Table 1.
Acronyms and Terminology (Sheet 2 of 4)
Term
Description
DIH Display Configuration
Dual Independent Head. A type of display configuration that supports two
displays with different content on each display device. The Intel®
Embedded Media and Graphics Driver supports Extended mode for
Microsoft Windows systems and Xinerama for Linux systems.
DTD
Detailed Timing Descriptor. A set of timing values used for EDID-less
devices.
DVI
Digital Video Interface.
DVO
Digital Video Output.
EBDA
Extended BIOS Data Area. An interface that allows the system BIOS and
Option ROMs to request access to additional memory.
EDID
Extended Display Identification Data. A VESA standard that allows the
display device to send identification and capabilities information to the
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver. Intel® EMGD reads all EDID
data, including resolution and timing data, from the display, thus
negating the need for configuring DTD data for the device.
EDID-less
A display that does not have the capability to send identification and
timing information to the driver and requires DTD information to be
defined in the driver.
EFI
Extensible Firmware Interface.
eIA
Embedded Intel® Architecture.
EMI
Electromagnetic Interference.
EPOG
Embedded Pre-OS Graphics feature.
Extended Clone Mode
A feature that allows you to have different sized displays in Clone mode.
Framebuffer
A region of physical memory used to store and render graphics to a
display.
GDI
Graphics Device Interface. A low-level API used with Microsoft Windows
operating systems.
GMA
Intel Graphics Media Accelerator. Refers to both the graphic hardware in
Intel chipsets as well as the desktop/mobile driver. The GMA driver is not
intended for use in embedded applications.
GMS
Graphics Mode Select (stolen memory).
HAL
Hardware Abstraction Layer. An API that allows access to the Intel®
chipsets.
HDCP
High-bandwidth Digital-Content Protection. A specification that uses the
DVI interface. HDCP encrypts the transmission of digital content between
the video source (transmitter) and the digital display (receiver).
HDMI
High-Definition Multimedia Interface, an uncompressed, all-digital, audio/
video interface.
IAL
Interface Abstraction Layer. An API that allows access to graphics
interfaces including the GDI, and DirectDraw*.
iDCT
Inverse Discrete Cosine Transformation (hardware feature).
INF file
A standard Microsoft Windows text file, referred to as an information file,
used by Microsoft Windows OS to provide information to the driver. The
default .inf file for the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver is
emgd.inf. You can create customized parameters using the CED utility.
LPCM
Linear Pulse Code Modulation (LPCM). A method of encoding audio
information digitally. The term also refers collectively to formats using
this method of encoding.
LVDS
Low Voltage Differential Signaling. Used with flat panel displays, such as a
laptop computer display.
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Intel® EMGD—Introduction
Table 1.
Acronyms and Terminology (Sheet 3 of 4)
Term
Description
NTSC
National Television Standards Committee. An analog TV standard used
primarily in North and Central America, Japan, the Philippines, South
Korea, and Taiwan. Its resolutions are based on 525-line systems.
Compare PAL.
OAL
Operating system Abstraction Layer. An API that provides access to
operating systems, including Microsoft Windows and Linux.
Option ROM (OROM)
Code that is integrated with the system BIOS and resides on a flash chip
on the motherboard. The Intel Embedded Video BIOS is an example of an
option ROM.
OS
Operating System.
PAL
Phase Alternating Lines. An analog TV standard used in Europe, South
America, Africa, and Australia. Its resolutions are based on 625-line
systems. Compare NTSC.
PCF
Parameters Configuration File.
PCI
Peripheral Component Interface.
Port Driver
A driver used with the sDVO interfaces of the System Controller Hub
(SCH).
POST
Power On Self Test.
PWM
Pulse Width Modulation.
Reserved Memory
A region of physical memory in a Windows Embedded Compact 7 system
set aside for BIOS, VBIOS, and graphics driver operations. Reserved
memory can be configured for use by the operating system and other
applications when not in use by the BIOS.
Saturation
Monitors and scanners are based on the “additive” color system using
RGB, starting with black and then adding Red, Green, and Blue to achieve
color. Saturation is the colorfulness of an area judged in proportion to its
brightness. Full saturation of RGB gives the perception of white, and
images are created that radiate varying amounts of RGB, or varying
saturation of RGB.
SCART
French Acronym - Syndicat des Constructeurs d'Appareils
Radiorecepterus et Televiseurs. A video interface possessing up to four
analog signals (Red/Green/Blue/Composite PAL). S-Video (Luma/
Chroma) is possible over the SCART interface as well.
SCH
System Controller Hub.
SCS
Software Compliance Statement.
sDVO
Serial Digital Video Output.
Single Display Configuration
A type of display configuration that supports one and only one display
device.
SSC
Spread Spectrum Clock.
Stolen Memory
A region of physical memory (RAM) set aside by the system BIOS for
input and output operations. The amount of stolen memory is
configurable. Stolen memory is not accessible to the operating system or
applications.
System BIOS
The standard BIOS used for basic input and output operations on PCs.
TMDS
Transitioned Minimized Differential Signaling. Used with DVI displays,
such as plasma TVs.
TOM
Top Of Memory.
TSR
Terminate and Stay Resident. A program that is loaded and executes in
RAM, but when it terminates, the program stays resident in memory and
can be executed again immediately without being reloaded into memory.
VBIOS
Video Basic Input Output System. A component of system BIOS that
drives graphics input and output.
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Table 1.
Acronyms and Terminology (Sheet 4 of 4)
Term
1.6
Description
VESA
Video Electronics Standards Organization.
VEXT Display Configuration
Vertical Extended. A type of display configuration that enables both
Primary and secondary displays. Primary and secondary displays can be
configured with separate timings. The resolution for the secondary display
must be the same as the primary. Content comes from a single
framebuffer that spans both displays oriented vertically.
VGA
Video Graphics Array. A graphics display standard developed by IBM* that
uses analog signals rather than digital signals.
VLD
Variable Length Decoding.
VMR
Video Mixing Render.
WHQL
Windows* Hardware Quality Labs. WHQL is a testing organization
responsible for certifying the quality of Windows drivers and hardware
that runs on Windows operating systems.
YUV
Informal, but imprecise reference to the video image format, Y'CbCr. The
Y' component is luma, a nonlinear video quality derived from RGB data
denoted without color. The chroma components, Cb and Cr, correspond
nonlinearly with U and V as differences between the blue and luma, and
between the red and luma, respectively.
Downloading Intel® EMGD and Video BIOS
Download Intel® EMGD and the Video BIOS (VBIOS) from one of the following
locations:
• From the Intel Embedded Design Center (http://www.intel.com/p/en_US/
embedded/hwsw/software/emgd#download) only, where the following is available:
Intel Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Configuration Editor (CED) release
— includes the Intel® EMGD drivers for VBIOS, Linux* OS, and all Windows*
operating systems, plus an embedded help system
— currently runs only on Windows operating systems. If you only require to
configure the xorg.conf file, there is a CED Lite tool available that runs on Linux
OS. See Section 7.4.3, “Linux* OS Configuration Using CED Lite” on page 138
for more information.
• From the QuAD system: Intel Premier Support (QuAD) (https://premier.intel.com)
• From the new IPS system: https://businessportal.intel.com. You will be redirected
to: https://welcome.intel.com/login.aspx where you will need to log in.
Click on the Product Support tab.
Note: DO NOT use the Design & Technology tab, which takes you to the old IPS
system.
Note:
The Embedded Video BIOS version 1.16 is recommended for use with each of the
graphics drivers in most cases. Click the following link to see the FAQ page for details
on the differences of these versions.
http://www.intel.com/p/en_US/embedded/hwsw/software/emgd?iid=3747#faqs
After you have downloaded, installed, and run CED, you can configure and customize
the drivers and VBIOS following the procedures in this document. After they have been
configured, you can integrate the VBIOS with the system BIOS ROM and install Intel®
EMGD on your operating system.
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Intel® EMGD—Architectural Overview
2.0
Architectural Overview
2.1
Introduction
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver is composed of a runtime graphics
driver and a Video BIOS (VBIOS) firmware component. (See the illustrations below.)
Both the driver and VBIOS control the SCH to perform display and render operations.
The VBIOS is predominantly leveraged by System BIOS during system boot but is also
used at runtime by the driver to handle full-screen text mode on Microsoft Windows*
operating systems.
Figure 1.
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
Intel®
Embedded Firmware
Intel® Atom™
processor
E6xx
Intel® Embedded Media and
Graphics Driver
Internal LVDS
sDVO Port
Transmitter
Encode
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Figure 2.
Graphics Driver Architecture
Application
Graphics Interface API
Interface Abstraction Layer (IAL)
Translates OS-specific graphics
driver entry points into standard
hardware acceleration APIs
Intel® Embedded Media and
Graphics Driver
Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL)
Abstracts Intel® Embedded Graphics
controller chipset families
IAL
OS Abstraction Layer (OAL)
Abstracts OS resources, enabling the
HAL to be independent
OAL
HAL
Intel®
Embedded
Processor
Figure 3.
Firmware Architecture
System BIOS/Application
Dispatch
Entry point for applications (INT10)
VGA
Standard VGA mode setting
VESA
Standard VESA support
®
Intel Embedded Firmware
Dispatch
VGA
VESA
FPI
Intel API
Intel API
Intel-specific features, including flat
panel detect, backlight, etc.
Firmware Port Interface (FPI)
CRT and sDVO interface support
Intel®
Embedded
Processor
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Intel® EMGD—Architectural Overview
2.1.1
Display Options
The following section describes the types of displays and configurations supported by
the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver.
2.1.1.1
Types of Displays
The table below lists the types of displays supported by the Intel® Embedded Media
and Graphics Driver.
Table 2.
Types of Displays Supported
Display
Description
CRT
Analog CRT, supported with an external transmitter via an sDVO port.
Flat Panel
TMDS and LVDS compliant flat panels are supported with the use of an external
transmitter via an sDVO port. Integrated LVDS flat panels are also natively supported on
the Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset and Intel® Atom™
Processor E6xx.
TV-out is supported via an external encoder sDVO port.
TV
2.1.1.2
Note:
TV-Out is enabled via supported internal capability, or external transmitters sDVO
(where available).
Display Configuration
Intel® EMGD supports driving two displays simultaneously. Several configurations are
supported, dependent on operating system and chipset. The various display
configurations are described in the table below.
Table 3.
Display Configuration Definitions
Display Configuration Mode
Description
Single
Normal desktop configuration, single monitor
Clone*
Two displays, same content, different resolutions, independent timings
Extended*
DIH*
Two displays, continuous content (available in Windows only)
Dual Independent Head. Two displays, different content, independent
resolutions
* Supported display depends on driver and hardware availability. See the RelNotes.txt for more information.
The table below summarizes which display configurations are supported by Intel
chipsets.
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Table 4.
Supported Display Configurations
Operating System
Chipset
Windows* XP
Intel® Atom™ Processor
E6xx
Intel® US15W/US15WP/
WPT
Windows* Embedded
Compact 7 (E6xx only)
Linux*
Single, Clone, Xinerama,
DIH
Single, Clone, Extended
Single, Clone, Extended
Note:
Xinerama is not
available for
MeeGo.
Single, Clone, Xinerama,
DIH
Single, Clone, Extended
N/A
Note:
Xinerama is not
available for
MeeGo.
Intel® EMGD supports Clone mode through custom APIs. In contrast, Microsoft
Windows and Linux operating systems (X.Org*) both natively support Extended and
DIH.
2.2
Features
The following sections describe major features Intel® EMGD supports.
2.2.1
Chipsets Supported
The table below lists Intel® EMGD-supported chipsets.
Table 5.
Chipsets Supported by the Intel® EMGD
Intel® EMGD VBIOS
Support
Intel® EMGD Support
Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Yes
Yes
Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/
US15WP/WPT chipset
Yes
Yes
Chipset
All supported chipsets provide for SINGLE LVDS output. In addition, digital monitors,
CRTs and TVs are supported through the US15W/US15WP/WPT and MCH/Intel® Atom™
Processor E6xx sDVO interfaces, depending on hardware availability.
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Intel® EMGD—Architectural Overview
2.2.2
OS and API Support
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver and Video BIOS support the following
operating systems and APIs. Intel® EMGD does not support updating your software
past the versions specified here.
• MeeGo *IVI 1.2 (kernel 2.6.37.X, X Server 1.9.3)
• Timesys* Fedora Remix 14 (kernel 2.6.35.6, X Server 1.9.3)
• Microsoft Windows* XP with Service Pack 3, Windows* XP Embedded with
Embedded Standard 2009
— DirectX* 9.0C (DirectDraw* and Direct3D*)
• API for hardware video decode (DirectShow*)
• OpenGL 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL 2.1 (Linux), and OpenVG 1.1
(Windows Embedded Compact 7 and Linux)
• Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7 (E6xx only)
Note:
The following features are NOT supported in Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver v1.16:
• D3D in Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7
2.2.3
DisplayID Support
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver supports the DisplayID specification.
DisplayID is a VESA specification (www.vesa.org) that describes the data format for the
display configuration parameters and provides the capability to unify the display data
structure thereby decreasing the need to rely on proprietary extensions. For more
information on DisplayID, its uses and parameters please reference the VESA
specification (www.vesa.org).
2.2.4
EDID-Less Configuration
EDID-less support is the ability to run a display panel that does not have display timing
information within the panel. Therefore, the user has to provide the display timing
information to the graphics drivers during configuration using CED. See “Creating a
New Customized DTD” on page 23.
This document describes only the necessary edits to the configuration files that are
required to implement the graphics driver and VBIOS, and not specific settings for
EDID-less panel configuration. Please refer to the manufacturer’s specifications for the
DTD settings to use for your EDID-less panels.
2.2.4.1
EDID-Less Panel Type Detection
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver supports EDID-less displays that do
not export timing modes. This is accomplished by allowing configuration of a Detailed
Timing Descriptor (DTD), and associating that DTD with a specific display port.
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2.2.5
Rotation
Rotation is the ability to rotate the display for the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver. Rotation support includes 0°, 90°, 180°, 270°. Rotation is supported only on
the following chipsets using Windows* XP, and Linux* operating systems:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
Note:
Rotation is not supported with the VBIOS. Rotation is supported with Windows*
Embedded Compact 7 but only in static mode.
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Intel® EMGD—Platform Configuration Using CED
3.0
Platform Configuration Using CED
The Intel® EMGD Configuration Editor (CED) is a Windows-based Graphical User
Interface (GUI) that allows you to create configurations, package the configurations,
and create installations that can be loaded directly on a specific OS or Video BIOS
platform. Configurations are associated with a specific chipset and can be created for
any one of the following supported chipsets:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
Refer to Section 2.2.2, “OS and API Support” on page 19 for a list of supported
operating systems and APIs.
The CED GUI is designed for ease of use and configuration of the Intel® EMGD. Each
configuration page has online help available and each data field is validated. If you
enter an incorrect value, CED displays an error message at the top of the page and
displays the valid range of values for the field. You cannot finish a configuration until all
fields contain valid values.
The following sections show how to create a configuration for any of the supported
chipsets, operating systems, and the Intel® EMGD Video BIOS.
• “Creating a New Customized DTD” on page 23
• “Creating a New Configuration” on page 27
• “Creating a New Package” on page 44
• “Generating an Installation” on page 53
Note:
There are two versions of CED, one for Windows XP/Linux and another for Windows
Embedded Compact 7. Not all options covered here may be available, depending on the
version of CED you are using.
3.1
Before You Begin
To configure the Intel® EMGD software using CED, you will need some information on
the panel you are using. This information is usually found in the product specifications.
In some cases the terminology used in CED may not match the labels used in your
panel’s product specification. Refer to Table 7, “Timing Specification Example Values”
on page 26 for hints on which specs correspond to CED Detailed Timings Descriptor
(DTD) fields. After you obtain the correct specification values, you may need to derive
other values for the DTD fields.
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3.2
Creating a Configuration in CED – Summary Steps
The following steps present a sample CED configuration.
1. (Optional) If you have custom panels and timings you may want to create your own
DTD; otherwise you can use the standard DTDs provided by CED. If needed, select
New DTD.
— Choose the DTD Type that most closely aligns with your display parameters,
enter parameters, and then click Finish. Or, to create a DTD, see “Creating a
New Customized DTD” on page 23.
2. Select New Configuration.
— Enter a name for the configuration, select the mode, chipset, ports, port
drivers, DTDs, etc., for the configuration and then click Finish. For details, see
“Creating a New Configuration” on page 27.
3. Select New Package.
— Enter a name for the package, select the configurations for your package, the
platforms for the installation, and then click Finish. For details, see “Creating a
New Package” on page 44.
4. Select the created package and then select Generate Installation.
The generated files are placed in the installation folder. The zip files (for Linux,
Windows, and Windows Embedded Compact 7 operating systems) contain the
generated configuration files. For details, see “Generating an Installation” on
page 53.
Figure 4.
Sample CED Configuration Start Page
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Intel® EMGD—Platform Configuration Using CED
3.3
Starting CED
To start the Intel® EMGD CED, open the folder where you installed CED and click the
emgd-ced.exe icon. The Intel® EMGD CED splash window appears for a few moments
followed by the Intel® EMGD Configuration Editor main window.
Figure 5.
Intel® EMGD Configuration Editor Main Window
From this window, you can create configurations, package the configurations, and
create installations from the packages that can be installed directly on a platform. The
main window also provides a Console tab that displays information when you build a
package or an installation.
The following sections show how to create a configuration for any of the supported
chipsets, operating systems, and the Intel® EMGD Video BIOS.
3.4
Creating a New Customized DTD
CED allows you to create Dynamic Timings Definitions (DTD) for EDID-less displays or
displays for which you do not want to use the display's EDID settings. In either of those
cases, you can create your own DTD using the steps below. Otherwise you can use one
of the standard DTDs included in CED.
You can create a new DTD by clicking the New DTD link at the top of the main CED
window, or you can create DTDs for each configured port when you create a new
configuration. Any DTDs you create will be available for all configurations.
When you select New DTD from the main CED window, the following Intel® EMGD DTD
Page appears.
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Figure 6.
EMGD DTD Page
To create a custom DTD setting:
1. From the CED main screen, select New DTD.
2. Enter a name for the DTD in the text box provided, for example, test_LVDS.
3. Using the data sheet from the panel being used, enter the DTD timings in the
appropriate fields. Refer to Table 6, “Intel® EMGD DTD Setting Options” for field
descriptions.
The screen will be similar to the example shown in Figure 6.
4. Click Finish.
The custom DTD is complete.
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Intel® EMGD—Platform Configuration Using CED
Table 6.
Intel® EMGD DTD Setting Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
DTD Parameter
Description
Enter DTD File Name
Enter a name for this customized DTD. This is a required field and the
name must be between 1 and 50 characters and may contain spaces and
underscores.
DTD Type
Select the DTD Type that most closely aligns with your display
parameters. Options are:
• Intel® EMGD Parameters:
The Intel® EMGD Parameters are the same as the current PCF/CED
DTD parameters.
• VESA Parameters:
The VESA Parameters allow the user to create a DTD from a VESA
monitor timing standard.
• Hardware Parameters:
The Hardware Parameters are the parameters that are used by
Intel® EMGD.
• Simple Parameters:
The Simple Parameters (CVT Standard) is a process for computing
standard timing specifications. The method for developing Reduced
Blanking timings is not included.
• Mode Lines:
The Mode Lines are a video timing spec used by X.Org. The X.Org
timing setting for Mode Lines is “name” I A B C D E F G H. For
example: “[email protected]” 25.175 640 672 728 816 480 489 501
526.
• EDID Block:
The EDID Block is the detailed timing section (18 bytes) of the basic
128-byte EDID data structure. The detailed timing section starts at
36h of the 128-byte EDID data structure. Enter the EDID block 1
byte at a time. Example:
a0 0f 20 00 31 58 1c 20 d2 1a 14 00 f6 b8 00 00 00 18
Pixel Clock
Pixel clock value in KHz. Range 0-0x7fffffff.
DTD Settings Flags
This section allows you to set flags for Interlace, Vertical Sync Polarity,
Horizontal Sync Polarity, and Blank Sync Polarity. Each field in this
section is described below.
Interlaced Display:
• Check for Interlaced
• Cleared for Non-interlaced
Vertical Sync Polarity:
• Active Low (Default)
• Active High
Horizontal Sync Polarity:
• Active Low (Default)
• Active High
Blank Sync Polarity:
• Active Low (Default)
• Active High
Note:
These flags are Intel® EMGD-specific and do not correspond to
VESA 3.0 flags.
Horizontal Sync Offset (Front
Porch) in pixels
Specifies the amount of time after a line of the active video ends and the
horizontal sync pulse starts (Horizontal Front Porch). Range 0-1023 [10
bits].
Horizontal Sync Pulse Width (Sync
Time) in pixels
Width of the Horizontal Sync Pulse (Sync Time) which synchronizes the
display and returns the beam to the left side of the display. Range 01023 [10 bits].
Horizontal Blank Width (Blank
Time) in pixels
This parameter indicates the amount of time it takes to move the beam
from the right side of the display to the left side of the display (Blank
Time). During this time, the beam is shut off, or blanked. Range 0-4095
[12 bits].
Horizontal Active (Width) in pixels
Number of pixels displayed on a horizontal line (Width). Range 1-32767
[15 bits].
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Table 6.
Intel® EMGD DTD Setting Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
DTD Parameter
3.4.1
Description
Horizontal Sync Start in pixels
This parameter specifies the start of the horizontal active time.
Range 0-40957.
Horizontal Sync End in pixels
This parameter specifies the end of the horizontal active time.
Range 0-49148.
Horizontal Blank Start in pixels
This parameter specifies the start of one line of the video and margin
period. Range 0-32766.
Horizontal Blank End in pixels
This parameter specifies the end of one line of the video and margin
period. Range 0-65533.
Refresh in Hz
Also known as the Vertical Refresh, the rate the full display updates.
Standard refresh rates are 50Hz, 60Hz, 75Hz, and 85Hz.
Vertical Sync Offset (Front Porch)
in lines
Specifies the amount of time after last active line of video ends and
vertical sync pulse starts (Vertical Front Porch). Range 0-4095 [12 bits].
Vertical Sync Pulse Width (Sync
Time) in lines
Specifies the Width of the Vertical Sync Pulse which synchronizes the
display on the vertical axis and returns the beam to the top, left side of
the display. Range 0-63 [6 bits].
Vertical Blank Width (Blank Time)
in lines
The amount of time for the complete vertical blanking operation to
complete. It indicates the time it takes to move the beam from the
bottom right to the top, left side of the display (Blank Time). During this
time, the beam is shut off, or blanked. Range 0-4095 [12 bits].
Vertical Active (Height) in lines
The number of active lines displayed (Height). Range 1-4095 [12 bits].
Vertical Sync Start in lines
This parameter specifies the start of the vertical sync. Range 0-4157.
Vertical Sync End in lines
This parameter specifies the end of the vertical sync. Range 0-4220.
Vertical Blank Start in lines
This parameter specifies the start of display vertical blanking including
margin period. Range 0-4094.
Vertical Blank End in lines
This parameter specifies the end of vertical blanking. Range 0-8189.
DTD Example Specifications
The following table shows example product specifications that can be used in the timing
fields.
Table 7.
Timing Specification Example Values (Sheet 1 of 2)
Standard value
Item
Typ.
Max.
1/ts
29.91
33.231
36.55
MHz
ts
27.36
30.06
33.43
ns
Hi-time
tsh
7
–
–
ns
Low-time
tsl
7
–
–
ns
DUTY ratio
th/tl
35
50
65
ns
Setup time
tds
7
–
–
ns
Hold time
tdh
4
–
–
ns
24.51
31.75
32.05
us
Period
Data
H sync.
H display
Enable
Unit
Min.
Frequency
Clock
Symbol
Period
tlpl, tlpd
880
1056
1088
clk
Pulse width
tlw
3
128
200
clk
Term
thd
800
800
800
clk
Setup time
tdrs
7
–
–
ns
Hold time
tdrh
4
–
–
ns
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Table 7.
Timing Specification Example Values (Sheet 2 of 2)
Standard value
Item
V sync.
V display
Period
Unit
Min.
Typ.
Max.
tfpf, tfpd
520
525
680
Line
Pulse width
tfw
1
2
3
Line
Term
tvd
480
480
480
Line
Start
tfd
10
33
40
Line
H sync. ~ enable
Phase
difference
Symbol
tdrds
50
216
260
clk
H sync. ~ clock
tls
7
–
–
ns
H sync. ~V sync.
tn
7
–
–
ns
For information about creating DTDs for Windows Embedded Compact 7, see
Chapter 6.0, “Configuring and Building Intel® EMGD for Microsoft Windows* Embedded
Compact 7.”
3.5
Creating a New Configuration
To create a new configuration, click the New Configuration selection located on the
top of the Intel® EMGD CED main window. The Chipset Configuration Page appears, as
shown in the next figure.
Figure 7.
Chipset Configuration Page
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The Chipset Configuration Page allows you to specify settings that apply to all OS,
VBIOS, EFI, and EPOG platforms (Note: The EPOG feature is available only in single
display mode.)
The table below describes each setting on the Chipset Configuration page.
Table 8.
Chipset Configuration Page Settings (Sheet 1 of 2)
Setting
Description
Configuration File Name
Provide a name for the configuration you are creating. This name is
required and is used when you create packages. The name can consist
of any alphanumeric characters and any special characters and must be
between 1 and 50 characters. You must enter a configuration before you
can enter any other information on this page.
Platform Chipset
Select the target chipset for this configuration from the drop-down list.
Select the type of display configuration from the drop-down list. You can
select any one of the following display configurations:
• Single — Single display configuration.
• Clone — Two displays where both displays have the same content
but can have different resolutions and timings.
• Vertical Extended — Two displays where primary and secondary
displays can be configured with separate timings. Note the
resolution for the secondary must be the same as the primary.
Content comes from a single framebuffer that spans both displays
oriented vertically. This option is available only for MeeGo OS.
• DIH — Dual Independent Head. This is a configuration where both
displays can have different resolutions, different refresh rates, and
different content.
Display Configuration Mode
Note:
On Microsoft Windows* DIH configurations, the display DOES
NOT automatically come up in extended display mode. You
must go into the Display properties on the Control Panel and
manually set the display to DIH mode.
Overlay Color Correction
Overlay Color Correction allows the Overlay plane to have colorcorrection settings that are different from the main frame buffer colorcorrection settings. See “Overlay Color Correction” on page 29.
Display Detection
Display Detection allows you to specify if the driver should detect
displays on the system. The default is Disabled. For more information on
Display Detection, refer to “Display Detection and Initialization” on
page 65.
Port Devices (Available Ports, Port
Order)
The Port Devices section lists the ports available based on the chipset
selected.
The Available Ports box lists the ports available to the chipset. You can
move these port devices to the Port Order box to determine the search
order for detecting attached displays. To move a port device to the Port
Order box, either double-click the port device or click the port device to
highlight it, and then click the right arrow button to move it from the
Available Ports to the Port Order box.
The Port Order section allows you to determine the search order for
detecting attached displays for the Display Detection feature. When
Display Detection is enabled, the Port Order determines which display is
primary and which display is secondary.
You can choose default ordering by not moving any of the Available Ports
to the Port Order box and leaving the Port Order box empty. Default
ordering is chipset-specific. See Table 41, “Default Search Order” on
page 188 for more information on default port ordering based on
chipset.
When you move one or more ports to the Port Order box, you can
configure each port by clicking Next. For each port listed in the Port
Order box, you can click Next to configure each port. See “Configuring
Ports” on page 31 for information on configuring ports.
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Table 8.
Chipset Configuration Page Settings (Sheet 2 of 2)
Setting
Clone Settings
Clone Width
Clone Height
Clone Refresh
Description
If you are creating a clone display configuration, you can specify the
width, height, and refresh rate for the clone display in this section. For
more information about clone display configurations, refer to “Enhanced
Clone Mode Support” on page 71.
This field allows you disable Overlay support, which is enabled by
default.
Overlay Off
3.5.1
Note:
This field is only for Microsoft Windows* operating systems. The
Linux* OS configuration for the xorg.conf provides a standard
option that performs the same function.
Setting Color Correction
Color Correction is available for both overlays and framebuffers, and is accessed under
the New Configuration link at the top of the main CED window. For both overlay and
framebuffer color correction, user-assigned values must be between 0.6 to 6. By
default, gamma is 1.0 (no correction).
3.5.1.1
Overlay Color Correction
Overlay Color Correction allows the Overlay plane to have color-correction settings that
are different from the main framebuffer color-correction settings. This feature lets you
color-correct for red, green, and blue, plus it enables you to adjust brightness,
contrast, and saturation.
Table 9.
Overlay Color Correction Values (applies to ALL color)
Gamma:
0.6 to 6.0 (default value is 1)
Brightness:
0 to 200 (default value is 100)
Contrast:
0 to 200 (default value is 100)
Saturation:
0 to 200 (default value is 100)
To assign overlay color correction, click the Overlay Color Correction button on the
Chipset Configuration Page. The Overlay Color Correction Page appears, as shown in
the next figure.
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Figure 8.
Overlay Color Correction Page
Add your desired values to the correction fields and then click Finish.
3.5.1.2
Framebuffer Color Correction Attributes
Framebuffer Color Correction Attributes lets you adjust the main color attributes. This
feature allows you to color-correct for red, green, and blue, and enables you to adjust
brightness and contrast.
Table 10.
Framebuffer Color Correction Values (applies to R, G, B color)
Gamma:
0.6 to 6.0 (default value is 1)
Brightness:
-127 to 127 (default value is 0)
Contrast:
-127 to 127 (default value is 0)
To assign framebuffer color correction, click the Framebuffer Color Correction
Attributes button on the port configuration page (LVDS or sDVO). The Framebuffer
Color Correction Page appears, as shown in Figure 9.
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Figure 9.
Framebuffer Color Correction Page
Add your desired values to the correction fields and then click Finish.
3.5.2
Configuring Ports
You can configure each port listed in the Port Order box of the Chipset Configuration
Page by clicking Next. When you do, a port Configuration Page appears similar to the
one shown following.
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Figure 10.
Port Configuration Page
The Port Configuration Page allows you to specify whether to use EDID timings or
customized DTD timings for the display connected to this specific port. From this page,
you can also specify Attribute Settings, I2C Settings, and Flat Panel Settings and create
a new DTD that can be used with any configuration.
Table 11 describes each field on this page.
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Table 11.
Port Configuration Settings (Sheet 1 of 2)
Port Configuration
Field
Description
Readable Port Name
Enter a name for the port. This is a required field and the name must be between 1 and
50 characters and may contain spaces.
Port Rotation
This list allows you select a rotation for the display connected to this port. You can
choose between 0, 90, 180, and 270 degrees. The default is 0.
Flip Port
Check this box if you want the display connected to this port to be inverted
horizontally. The default is not to invert horizontally.
CenterOff
When this option is enabled it DISABLES centering. Also, depending on the
combination of “edid” + “user-dtd” + connected hardware, Intel® EMGD will add
missing compatibility modes (6x4, 8x6, 10x7& 12x10) via centering. Use this option to
disable this feature.
EDID Options
This section allows you to set EDID options for the display. The Intel® EMGD supports
three different types of EDID display modes:
• Built-in display modes: These modes are hard-coded in the Intel® EMGD. These
modes can be filtered based on the EDID block.
• EDID Block: These are Detailed Timing Descriptors read from an EDID display. An
EDID display can contain DTD as well as other information about the display.
• User-specified DTDs.
If you want to use the display's EDID information if it is available, click the Use EDID
Display if Available check box.
If the display attached to this port contains EDID information, you can choose one or
more of the following options from the If EDID Device section to determine which set
of timings to use for the display connected to the port:
• Use driver built in standard timings — If this box is checked, the standard timings
built into the Intel® EMGD are used.
• Use EDID block — If this box is checked, the EDID block is used.
• Use user-defined DTDs — If this box is checked, a user-defined DTD is used. You
can select which DTD to use by checking the appropriate box in the Custom
Display Timings Descriptors (DTDs) section. If no DTDs are defined, you can click
New DTD and create a custom DTD. For information on creating custom DTD,
refer to Table 18, “Windows OS Setting Options” on page 49.
If you select both Use driver built-in standard timings and Use EDID block, the
Intel® EMGD uses its built-in display timings and the timings provided by the display.
If the display attached to this port does not contain EDID information, you can choose
one or both of the following options from the If Not EDID Device section:
• Use driver built-in standard timings — If this box is checked, the standard timings
are used.
• Use user-defined DTDs — If this box is checked, a user defined DTD is used. You
can select which DTD to use by checking the appropriate box in the Custom
Display Timings Descriptors (DTDs) section. If no DTDs are defined, you can click
New DTD and create a custom DTD. For information on creating custom DTD,
refer to Table 18, “Windows OS Setting Options” on page 49.
See “Sample Advanced EDID Configurations” on page 68 for example configurations.
This option provides flexibility to enable/disable display rotation configuration based on
DisplayID file.
DisplayID Options
To enable display rotation configuration based on DisplayID file, please ensure you do
following:
• Check the Determine rotation from device orientation option box
• Leave the Port Rotation and Flip Port options under CED LVDS or sDVO
configuration page unchecked or set to 0.
• Check the Use EDID display if available option box and under “If EDID Device
(edid_avail)” check the EDID block option for the graphics driver to get the
rotation information from DisplayID file.
Note:
If you set the Port Rotation and Flip Port option in CED to a non-zero value,
then the graphics will use your setting regardless of the DisplayID option
enabled.
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Table 11.
Port Configuration Settings (Sheet 2 of 2)
Port Configuration
Field
3.5.2.1
Description
Encoder
Configuration
This section lets you to specify the type of encoder connected to an sDVO port and
encoder Attributes, I2C settings, and Flat Panel settings for the port.
The Select sDVO Device drop-down list contains the list of all supported sDVO
devices. Select the device that will be connected to this port.
To change the device's attributes, click the Attribute Settings button. Refer to
“Changing Port Attribute Settings” for information on device attributes.
To change the device's I2C settings, click the I2C Settings button. See “Changing I2C
Settings” on page 35 for information on I2C settings.
To change the device's flat panel settings, click the Flat Panel Settings button. See
“Changing Flat Panel Settings” on page 36 for information for changing flat panel
settings.
Framebuffer Color
Correction
Attributes
Framebuffer Color Correction Attributes allow you to adjust the main Frame Buffer
color attributes. See “Framebuffer Color Correction Attributes” on page 30.
Native DTD Flag
The Native DTD list lets you choose whether to use a display's built-in timings.
Changing Port Attribute Settings
When you click the Attributes Settings button from the Encoder Configuration section
of the Port Configuration Page, CED displays a page of attributes for the selected
encoder device. The actual page that appears depends upon the encoder device
selected and only the attributes that apply to the selected encoder appear. For a full
description of all attributes for all supported encoders, refer to Appendix B, “Port Driver
Attributes”.
Figure 11 shows a sample Attributes Settings Page for the Chrontel CH7022, CH7307,
and CH7308 encoders.
Figure 11.
Attribute Settings Page for the Chrontel CH7022/CH7307/CH7308 Encoders
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When the Attributes Settings Page first appears, it shows the Use Default box checked
for all attributes.
To change a default value, clear the Use Default check box and enter a new value. For
a description of all attributes for all supported encoders, see Appendix B, “Port Driver
Attributes”.
3.5.2.2
Changing I2C Settings
The I2C Settings Page allows you to specify the I/O interface connections to devices on
an sDVO port. When you click I2C Settings from the Port Configuration Page, the
following screen appears.
Figure 12.
sDVO Settings Page
The following table describes each field on this page.
Table 12.
I2C Settings
I2C/DDC Bus Configuration
Description
Speed (KHz)
Speed of I2C bus for the device and for the EDID device. The range for
these two fields is 10-400 KHz.
Device Address Byte
Enter a device address byte for the device that this port is connected to
in these boxes:
• The I2C device address is for reading and writing device registers.
The device address byte must be in 8-bit format with the 7-bit slave
address assigned to its bits 7:1 and bit 0 set to 0.
• The DDC Device Address Byte is the I2C device address for reading
EDID data from the display through the DDC bus.
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3.5.2.3
Changing Flat Panel Settings
The Panel Settings Page allows you to specify settings for a flat panel display connected
to this sDVO port. When you click Flat Panel Settings from the Port Configuration
Page, the following screen appears.
Figure 13.
Panel Settings Page
The table below describes each section of this page.
Table 13.
Panel Settings Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
Flat Panel Settings
Description
Fixed Timing
To use fixed timing for the attached display, select this option.
Centering and Upscaling
The Use Default check box lets you choose the default setting or either
Upscaling or Force Centering.
Bit Depth
This list lets you select a color depth for the panel. You can choose either 18
or 24 bit color depth. The default is 18.
Flat Panel Backlight Options
This section provides options for controlling the backlight of the flat panel
display and specifying timing delays.
• The Backlight Control Methods list lets you choose either No Backlight
or Port Driver to control the backlight. If you choose Port Driver, GMCH,
or ICH, you can specify the timing delays in the Timing Delays section
and the GPIO pin connections in the GPIO Pin Connections section. The
default is No Backlight.
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Table 13.
Panel Settings Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
Flat Panel Settings
Timing Delays
Description
This section lets you specify timing delays for the backlight signals as
follows:
• T1-VDD active and sDVO clock/data active: 1-512, increment by 1.
• T2-DVO active and backlight enable: 2-256, increment by 2.
• T3-Backlight disable and DVO clock/data inactive: 2-256, increment by
2.
• T4-DVO clock/data active and inactive: 1-512, increment by 1.
• T5-Minimum from VDD inactive and active: 1-1600, increment by 50.
Note:
Timers are very specific to the panel you are using. If they are set
incorrectly the display can be damaged or ruined. Please refer to the
datasheet for your display to determine the correct settings.
3.5.3
Configuring Fastboot
Note:
Intel® EMGD supports EDK and EDK II.
Figure 14.
EFI GOP Configuration Page
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The table below describes each section of this page. Note that fastboot is applicable
only for Linux.
Note:
Enter the file path for the splash video on the Package Page. See Figure 17, “Intel®
EMGD Package Editor Page” on page 45.
Table 14.
Fastboot Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
Fastboot Settings
Enable Seamless Mode
Splash Screen
Description
The Seamless Mode setting ensures that on a properly configured embedded
device there is only one mode set during EFI to DRM transition to avoid
screen flicker and undesirable latency. This setting is applicable only to
seamless switches from Clone mode to VEXT mode; refer to Section 7.4.18,
“Seamless Switches from Clone Mode to VEXT Mode” on page 161 for details.
The Splash screen feature provides a user-configurable splash screen image
that is loaded to the framebuffer at the earliest possible time by the EPOG
feature and EFI graphics driver and remains in place until overwritten by the
OS or driver. Additionally the Intel® EMGD can be configured to suppress OS
drawing to the on-screen framebuffer until notified by an application. Instead,
drawing is redirected to an off-screen framebuffer. When notified by the
application, the Intel® EMGD will flip the already prepared off-screen
framebuffer to be on-screen and cease redirection of drawing. In this manner
the configured splash screen will be displayed early during boot and remain in
place until a time when the OS is fully loaded and the application interface
has been prepared.
The splash screen is limited to 500 KB in size and JPG and BMP formats. For
Quickboot, only BMP format is allowed.
Quickboot
The quickboot feature optimizes the speed that Intel® EMGD loads at the
expense of compatibility and ease of use. Quickboot disables non-critical
features that affect the initialization time of the driver that are not needed for
targeted embedded applications. For example, there is no port detection; it
supports only an LVDS interface.
Splash Video
The Splash Video feature provides a mechanism to use a portion of the offscreen pre-allocated video memory (“Stolen Memory”) as a video image that
is displayed on an overlay to the framebuffer. The intention is that a video
capture device external to Intel® EMGD will be configured to transfer a video
stream to the configured location in video memory using DMA. The splash
video remains in place until the Intel® EMGD is notified by an external
application to disable the overlay.
No Support for EDID (Only for
General EFI. EPOG does not
support)
Enable BLT for Splash
This feature provides an option to skip checking the EDID for optimizing the
boot time.
Note:
It is not applicable to EPOG.
This option enables the BLT function when a splash screen is enabled. If you
are experiencing problems where the splash screen does not disappear after
boot, make sure this option is enabled.
Splash Screen BG Color Red
(EFI only)
Splash Screen BG Color Red must be between 0x0 and 0xFF.
Splash Screen BG Color Green
(EFI only)
Splash Screen BG Color Green must be between 0x0 and 0xFF.
Splash Screen BG Color Blue
(EFI only)
Splash Screen BG Color Blue must be between 0x0 and 0xFF.
Splash Screen X (upper left
corner x coordinate) (EFI and
EPOG feature only)
The X location, in pixels, where the Firmware Splash Screen will be placed.
This number is a signed number in 2's complement. Positive numbers are
offset from the left of the screen. Negative numbers are offset from the right
of the screen.
Splash Screen Y (upper left
corner y coordinate) (EFI and
EPOG feature only)
The Y location, in pixels, where the Firmware Splash Screen will be placed.
This number is a signed number in 2's complement. Positive numbers are
offset from the top of the screen. Negative numbers are offset from the
bottom of the screen.
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Table 14.
Fastboot Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
Fastboot Settings
3.5.3.1
Description
Splash Video Offset (EFI and
EPOG feature only)
The offset, in bytes, from the base of video memory where the Splash Video
will be placed. Care must be taken to ensure that this location is past the end
of the on-screen framebuffer and that the full Splash Video image fits within
the pre-allocated video memory.
Splash Video Pixel Format
(EFI and EPOG feature only)
The pixel format of the Splash Video image in memory. The available pixel
formats are encoded values used within the Intel® EMGD.
Splash Video Source Width
(EFI and EPOG feature only)
The width, in pixels, of the Splash Video image in memory.
Splash Video Source Height
(EFI and EPOG feature only)
The height, in pixels, of the Splash Video image in memory.
Splash Video Source Pitch
(EFI and EPOG feature only)
The pitch, in bytes, of the Splash Video image in memory.
Pitch must be >= bytes per pixel * source width.
Splash Video Destination X
(EFI only)
The X location, in pixels, where the Splash Video will be placed. This number
is a signed number in 2’s complement. Positive numbers are offset from the
left of the screen. Negative numbers are offset from the right of the screen.
Splash Video Destination Y
(EFI only)
The Y location, in pixels, where the Splash Video will be placed. This number
is a signed number in 2’s complement. Positive numbers are offset from the
top of the screen. Negative numbers are offset from the bottom of the
screen.
Splash Video Destination
Height (EFI only)
The height, in pixels, of the Splash Video window on the screen. This number
must currently be the same as SrcHeight.
Splash Video Destination
Width (EFI only)
The width of the screen. This number must currently be the same as
SrcWidth.
Configuring Splash Video
The splash video feature can be used to display a video while the system is booting to
the operating system. This section describes how to configure the options needed.
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Figure 15.
Splash Video with 8 MB of Stolen Memory Example
1GB RAM with 128KB GTT and 8MB
Stolen Memory Example
Top of RAM (TR)
1GB = 1024*1024*1024
GTT
Stolen Memory
Scratch
Page
TR-size of (GTT)
4KB for scratch page
Splash
Video
1GB - 128KB (Start Physical Address of GTT)
1GB - 132KB
(Start Physical Address of Scratch Page)
Max size of Video = Start_Addr_Scratch_Pg – Start Addr_of_Video
BGSM + Video_Offset
(Start Physical Address of Video Data)
Frame
Buffer
1GB – 8MB = BGSM
(Base of Graphics Stolen Memory)
System
Memory
0
0
The Video DMA area is where the video will be streamed. It is part of the stolen
memory of our graphics device.
The external PCIe device that is connected to the camera needs to know the exact DDR
RAM physical address to stream, or dump the video data at that memory location.
To calculate the Start DDR RAM physical address:
Start_Phy_Ram_Addr =
BGSM + Video_Offset
where BGSM = Base of Graphics Stolen Memory
and Video_Offset = Offset where the video data is present. This is what you enter
into the CED tool.
There are two ways to calculate BGSM:
• The recommended method is to use the setpci command in Linux to find the
BGSM from the PCIe Config space.
At the Linux command prompt, type the following:
$ setpci -s 0:2.0 0x5C.L
OR
• Find the amount of physical RAM populated in the system, for example, 1 GB, and
the stolen memory selected by the user in the system BIOS, for example, 8 MB.
BGSM =
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1 GB - 8 MB = 0x4000 0000 - 0x80 0000 = 0x3F80 0000
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3.5.3.2
How to Select the Video_Offset
Determine the size of the maximum resolution of the framebuffer.
Size = framebuffer_height * framebuffer_pitch
where framebuffer_pitch = framebuffer_width * Bytes_per_Pixel (page aligned)
For example, 1024x768 at 32-bit BPP:
Size =
768 * (1024 * 4) = 3145728 = 0x30 0000
For some usage models, the framebuffer pitch is set to 8192 bytes. In that case:
Size = 768 * (8192) = 6291456 = 0x60 0000
The Video_Offset can start from 0x30 0000 or 0x60 0000 (if the pitch is 8192). See
the notes below on the recommended values for the Video Offset.
Max Size of Splash Video =
Size of Stolen Memory - Max Frame buffer size –
Size of GTT – Size of Scratch Page (4 KB)
Notes:
1. For the Splash Video option the stolen memory MUST be a minimum of 8 MB. This
is selected in the BIOS menu.
2. The recommended Video Offsets for the splash video are 0x600000 and
0x700000.
3. If the Size of the Video frame is more than 1 MB, please choose 0x600000.
3.5.4
Configuring the Video BIOS and EFI
The final page of the Intel® EMGD Configuration allows you to configure your video
BIOS (if you are creating a configuration that includes the Video BIOS) and EFI. You
can configure the Video BIOS by clicking Next after you configure each port. When you
do, the following Video BIOS and EFI Configuration Page appears.
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Figure 16.
Video BIOS Configuration Page
From this page, you can customize POST (Power On Self Test) messages and default
display modes as well as matching port devices to System BIOS ports.
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The table below describes each field on this page.
Table 15.
Video BIOS Settings Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
Video BIOS Settings
Description
Primary Display Mode
This section allows you to specify a standard or a customized display mode
for the primary display. You can select a standard mode from any of the
standard modes listed in the drop-down list. If you want to use a customized
mode for the primary display, check the Custom check box and enter the
mode number in the box. For a complete list of customized VGA and VESA
modes, refer to Table 24, “Supported VGA Video Display Modes” on page 83
and Table 25, “VESA Modes Supported by Video BIOS” on page 85.
Secondary Display Mode
This section allows you to specify a standard or a customized display mode
for the secondary display. You can select a standard mode from any of the
standard modes listed in the drop-down list. If you want to use a customized
mode for the secondary display, check the Custom check box and enter the
mode number in the box. For a complete list of customized VGA and VESA
modes, refer to Table 24, “Supported VGA Video Display Modes” on page 83
and Table 25, “VESA Modes Supported by Video BIOS” on page 85.
5F Functions
These settings allow you to enable or disable the five System BIOS 15h
interrupt hooks. (Please see Appendix C, “Intel® 5F Extended Interface
Functions” for more information on 5F functions.)
All five functions are enabled by default.
The Common to Port section lets you match port devices with common
System BIOS ports. This allows the Video BIOS to retrieve information about
the port from the System BIOS. It allows you to associate standard display
names used in most system BIOSs to specific ports that are recognized by
Intel® EMGD (for example, LVDS, sDVO). The VBIOS makes this association
when the VBIOS calls the System BIOS Intel® 5F interrupt functions.
This setting consists of six numbers, where each number is associated with
one of the System BIOS displays:
1
2
3
4
5
6
Common to Port
:
:
:
:
:
:
CRT - Standard analog CRT
TV1 - TV Output 1
EFP1 - DVI Flat Panel 1
LFP - Local Flat Panel (Internal LVDS display)
TV2 - TV Output 2
EFP2 - DVI Flat Panel 2
The values above are an example of the typical displays and corresponding
order used by a system BIOS. However, this may vary depending on how
your system BIOS has implemented the displays and the Intel 5F interrupt
functions.
The value in each position in the setting should be the associated port
device. Using the typical settings above, if you want to associate CRT in the
system BIOS with the internal CRT (port 1) and LFP in the system BIOS with
internal LVDS (port 4) in the VBIOS, select CRT from the VBIOS Port Devices
list and click the left arrow button next to the CRT row in the Matches
column, and then select LFP from the VBIOS Port Devices list and click the
left arrow button next to the LFP row in the Matches column.
Notes: This feature must be compatible with the System BIOS. If the
System BIOS does not properly implement the Intel 5F functions,
then using the Common to Port feature could cause unpredictable
results with the displays. If you are unsure, leave the Matches
column blank for all ports to disable this feature.
The Display Detect field on the Chipset Configuration page must be
set to Enable in order for the Common to Port values to be used.
Enable POST messages to
display
To enable Power On Self Test (POST) messages to display during the power
on sequence, check this box. If left unchecked (i.e., cleared), the POST
messages do not display.
OEM String
Enter a string of up to 100 characters. This string appears on the display
when the Video BIOS starts up. The default is a blank string.
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Table 15.
Video BIOS Settings Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
Video BIOS Settings
3.5.5
Description
OEM Vendor Name
Enter a string of up to 80 characters that identifies the OEM Vendor. This
string appears on the display when the Video BIOS starts up. The default is a
blank string.
OEM Product Name
Enter a string of up to 80 characters that identifies the OEM Product
Revision. This string appears on the display when the Video BIOS starts up.
The default is a blank string.
OEM Product Revision
Enter a string of up to 80 characters that identifies the OEM Product
Revision. This string appears on the display when the Video BIOS starts up.
The default is a blank string.
Number of Seconds to Display
Enter the number of seconds to display the above information. The default is
1.
Creating an EPOG Configuration
1. Create a new configuration, and select ONE display port only. Select the chipset
and name the configuration.
2. At the port device configuration page, name the port and select the devices to be
supported.
3. For LVDS panels, in the encoder configuration section, open the Attribute Settings
page and set the values of Intensity and Inverter Frequency to 100 and 20300
respectively. These values may differ according to your hardware.
4. In the EDID Options section, clear all checked selections and then check the option
Use user-defined DTDs.
5. Select ONE preconfigured DTD in the Custom Display Timing Descriptors section, or
create a new DTD.
6. At the EFI GOP Configuration page, select any desired options. Only the Splash
screen and Quickboot options are supported by EPOG.
3.6
Creating a New Package
A package consists of one or more configurations and is used to create an installation
that works for multiple operating systems and chipset platforms and displays.
To create a new package, click the New Package link at the top of the main CED
window. The Intel® EMGD Package Page appears.
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Figure 17.
Intel® EMGD Package Editor Page
The table below describes each field on this page.
Table 16.
Intel® EMGD Package Editor Setting Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
Package Option
Package File Name
Description
Enter a name for the package. This is a required field and the name
must be between 1 and 50 characters and may contain spaces.
This block shows the configurations that are available to be packaged.
Each package consists of one or more configurations, each of which is
associated with a specific chipset.
To select a configuration, click the check box next to the configuration
name. You can select all available configurations by clicking Select All
located below the Configurations block and clear all configurations by
clicking Clear All.
Configurations
The Configuration Name column shows the name of each configuration
and the Chipset column shows the chipset associated with each
configuration.
In the Config ID column, you must enter a configuration ID for each
configuration. The configuration ID must be a number between 1 and
15. By default, the Package Editor automatically assigns the next
available configuration ID when you select a configuration. You can
change the default configuration ID by clicking in the edit box and
entering a different value.
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Table 16.
Intel® EMGD Package Editor Setting Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
Package Option
Description
Default Configuration
The Default Configuration list box allows you to select a default
configuration from the configurations you selected in the Configurations
block.
For single configurations the default is the one selected in the previous
option. For multiple configurations, the default is the first one selected in
the Configurations list. To have no default configuration, select None.
See also Section 5.2.1, “Universal INF Configuration” on page 87.
Target OS
This block allows you to select one or more operating systems and Video
BIOS for the package. For each target you select, CED produces a
configuration file for the selected OS or Video BIOS platform. Please see
the following section for settings on the Target OS:
• “Entering Linux OS Options” on page 47
• “Entering Windows OS Options” on page 48
• “Generating a VBIOS Package” on page 50
• “Entering EFI Options” on page 50
• “Entering EPOG Options” on page 52
Microsoft Windows Settings
If you are creating a package for a Microsoft Windows* platform, click
the Microsoft Windows Settings button for additional settings that
may be required for your configuration. Please see “Entering Windows
OS Options” on page 48 for descriptions of these settings.
Linux Settings
If you are creating a package for a Linux OS platform, click the Linux
Settings button for additional settings that may be required for your
configuration. Please see “Entering Linux OS Options” on page 47 for
descriptions of these settings.
The Add Splash Screen check box enables the use of a splash screen,
which you define using the Browse... button to locate the file.
EFI and EPOG Splash Screen
The splash screen is limited to 500 KB in size and JPG and BMP formats.
For Quickboot, only BMP format is allowed.
If you are not creating a VBIOS package, click Finish. When you click Finish, CED
creates a package that can be used for generating an installation.
Note:
CED supports generating a 127K vBIOS ROM image for the E6xx platform and a 64K
vBIOS ROM image for the US15W platform.
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3.6.1
Entering Linux OS Options
The Linux Options Page allows you to enter Linux OS-specific options into the
configuration. When you click Linux Settings from the Intel® EMGD Package Page, the
following page appears.
Figure 18.
Linux Options Page
The table below describes each of these settings.
Table 17.
Linux OS Settings Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
Linux OS Option
Description
Default Display Modes
The Default Display Modes section allows you select the default
resolution, color depth, and refresh rate for the configuration. If you do
not select a default display mode, the package uses the default display
mode for the operating system it is installed on.
Disable Hardware Acceleration
Disable or enable hardware 2D acceleration. The default is to enable
hardware acceleration, so to disable acceleration, click the check box.
Enable Hardware Cursor
Enable the use of the hardware cursor. By default, the hardware cursor is
disabled.
Enable Use Double Buffer
(Shadow Framebuffer)
Enable double buffering on the framebuffer. By default, double buffering
is disabled. To enable it, click the check box.
No Xinerama
Xinerama support. Xinerama is an extension to the X Window System
which allows applications and window managers to use the two (or
more) physical displays as one large virtual display. By default,
Xinerama is enabled. To disable it, click the check box.
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Table 17.
Linux OS Settings Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
Linux OS Option
Disable OpenGL* Installation
(Disable the DRI2 Option)
Description
OpenGL* (Disable the Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI) Option).
DRI2 allows the client to directly write to DMA buffers that are used by
the graphics hardware.
To disable OpenGL, check the box. The option “DRI2” “0” will be set for
every available display. This will turn off direct rendering and disable
hardware accelerated OpenGL.
By default, OpenGL is enabled. No “DRI2” line(s) are placed in the
configuration file. The driver will intelligently determine if DRI2 can be
supported and will enable it if possible.
If you manually edit the configuration file and set option “DRI2” “1” on
more than one display, deadlock will occur and OpenGL will fail. If you
are unsure of which setting to use, just leave the box unchecked (i.e.,
cleared) and do not edit the DRI2 option in the configuration file and the
driver will handle it automatically. This feature can be used if you want
to test your applications with and without hardware accelerated OpenGL.
3.6.2
Disable XVideo Support
Disable XVideo support. In a dual independent head configuration, either
the first display or the second display supports XVideo. Both displays can
not support XVideo simultaneously. The default is XVideo support is
enabled.
Disable XVideo Blend
Disable XVideo support using the 3D blend manager. This provides
XVideo support in configurations that cannot be supported with overlay.
For example, this is supported on both displays in a dual independent
head setup. It is also supported when the display is rotated or flipped.
Color key is only supported if ShadowFB is enabled and the VideoKey is
defined. The default is XVideoBlend support is enabled.
Enable Frame Buffer Overlay
Blending
When checked, this enables overlay blending with the framebuffer on
both display outputs on US15W and when display mode resolution is
32-bit XRGB.
XVideo Color Key
This sets the color key for XVideo and XVideoBlend. This value is either a
24-bit value or a 16-bit value, depending on the pixel depth of the
screen. The color key is always enabled for XVideo, even when it is not
defined. The color key is always disabled for XVideoBlend unless both
this option is defined and the ShadowFB option is enabled. The default
color key for XVideo is 0x0000ff00. For XVideo Blend, the color key is
disabled by default.
Entering Windows OS Options
The Windows Options Page allows you to enter Windows OS-specific options into the
configuration. When you click Microsoft Windows Settings from the Intel® EMGD
Package Page, the following page appears.
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Figure 19.
Windows Options Page
The table below describes each field on this page.
Table 18.
Windows OS Setting Options (Sheet 1 of 2)
Windows OS Option
Description
Display
The Display section allows you to use the default settings by checking
the Use Default check box or to select the default width, height, color
quality, and refresh rate for the configuration.
Disable 3D Support
Specifies whether to enable D3D. The default is to enable 3D support
(not checked).
Disable Off-screen Bitmap support
(No DFB)
This option turns OFF the driver capabilities to create and use offscreen
bitmaps that are used to improve GDI and DirectDraw* performance in
the driver. When this option is ON, you may see some GDI and
DirectDraw performance degradation. The drv functions below will be
affected when this option is turned on.
• DrvCreateDeviceBitmap
• DrvDeleteDeviceBitmap
• DrvDeriveSurface
Disable DXVA H/W Video Decode
Acceleration
This option is enabled by default in Intel® EMGD, however, by selecting
this option, you can disable DXVA hardware video decode acceleration.
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Table 18.
Windows OS Setting Options (Sheet 2 of 2)
Windows OS Option
Description
When checked, this option enables overlay blending with the framebuffer
on both display outputs (if in VEXT mode) on US15W and when display
mode resolution is 32-bit XRGB. This option is currently not applicable
for Atom E6xx.
Enable Frame Buffer Overlay
Blending
This option applies only to Windows XP and US15W. When checked, it
enables an override to the frame buffer overlay blending 2D alpha.
Note:
Enable Frame Buffer Overlay
Blending 2D Alpha Override
Frame Buffer Overlay Blending
Alpha Value
3.6.3
Checking the Frame Buffer Overlay Blending option and running
a 3D alpha blending application on overlay [non full screen
mode] causes the black icons on the desktop to appear. This is
expected behavior as the operating system sets the 2D alpha
values. To overcome this behavior, choose Enable Frame
Buffer Overlay Blending 2D Alpha Override option and then
enter the alpha value. This alpha override will cause
performance impact when a lot of 2D blitting operations take
place.
The valid range is from 0x00 to 0xFF.
Generating a VBIOS Package
If you are creating a package for a VBIOS installation, click Next. CED displays the
VBIOS Generation page.
Figure 20.
VBIOS Generation Page
To generate a VBIOS, click the Generate VBIOS check box and select the
configurations to include. After selecting the chipset and the configurations, click
Finish. CED generates a package that includes both the OROM and the TSR for the
chipsets and the configurations you selected.
3.6.4
Entering EFI Options
If you are creating a package for a EFI installation, click Next. CED displays the EFI
Generation page.
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Figure 21.
EFI Generation Page
To generate an EFI configuration:
1. In the Fastboot and/or General modes sections, click the Generate EFI checkbox.
2. Select the chipset and configuration(s) to include.
3. Click Finish.
CED generates a package that includes the EFI driver for the modes, chipsets and
the configurations you selected.
3.6.4.1
Using the Generated EFI Configuration
Use Intel® EMGD CED to configure and build an EFI video driver for your platform, as
described in Section 3.6.4 and then follow the instructions below to install the driver.
1. After building the EFI driver, copy the appropriate module to your working directory
where you keep your Aptio MMTOOL and EFI BIOS that needs to be updated.
The file is typically called IEGD.DXE and is found in the IEGD ZIP file in the
installations folder under EFI.
2. Make a working copy of your EFI BIOS image.
For example, copy CBCHAxxx.ROM to CBCHAxxx_IEGD_EFI.ROM
where xxx = the release version of Standard BIOS
OR
Copy CBFBAxxx.ROM to CBFBAxxx_IEGD_EFI.ROM
where xxx = the release version of Fast Boot BIOS)
3. Start the MMTOOL in GUI mode.
4. Load the EFI BIOS image using the Load Image button.
After it loads you will be presented with a list of existing modules.
5. Select CBCHAxxx_IEGD_EFI.ROM or CBFBAxxx_IEGD_EFI.ROM (from step 2.)
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6. If it exists, delete any legacy VBIOS by highlighting the old video solution, select
the DELETE tab at the top, and then press the DELETE button.
Note:
The EFI Fast Boot images typically do NOT contain a video module.
For example, for CBCHAxxx.ROM you will see a CSMVIDEO module. This is the
Compatibility Software Module for a legacy VBIOS.
7. If it exists, delete any old versions of the Intel® EMGD EFI Fast Boot Video Driver.
Look for an unnamed module with a GUID that starts with “2B13E5F0-” or with a
module name that includes “IEGD”. If it exists, select the DELETE tab, highlight the
module and then click the DELETE button.
8. Insert the new video module by clicking on the INSERT tab, specifying the module
file name, and then clicking the INSERT button. You may browse to locate the file,
for example, iegd.dxe.)
9. Save image by clicking the Save Image button and then close the dialog box.
10. Flash the image into your flash chip and install it on the board. You can either use
the hardware flash programmer or the Aptio AFUDOS tool for this purpose.
3.6.5
Entering EPOG Options
If you are creating a package for an EPOG installation, follow the steps below.
1. From the Target OS section, select EPOG.
2. Select the configuration desired configuration. For help on creating an EPOG
configuration, see “Creating an EPOG Configuration” on page 44.
3. If you want to use a splash screen and have set up your configuration with the
correct options (see Section 3.5.5), select the Add Splash Screen check box and
then browse to the .bmp file you want to use.
4. Click Next. Select the relevant checkboxes and then click Finish.
3.6.5.1
Using the Generated Embedded Pre-OS Graphics Feature
Configuration
Use Intel® EMGD CED to configure and build a driver with the embedded pre-OS
graphics feature, as described in “Entering EPOG Options” and then follow the
instructions below to install the driver.
1. Generate an installation from your EPOG package.
2. Install the Boot Loader Development Kit (BLDK) on a Linux OS running on the
target platform. It can be obtained from http://edc.intel.com/, under the 'Boot
loader technology' option in the Software tab.
3. CED has generated the following files: libepog.a and epog.h. Copy these files to
the bldk folders on the target platform.
a.
Copy libepog.a to bldk/core/lib/elf.
b.
Copy epog.h to bldk/core/include.
4. On the target platform, go to the folder bldk/core/target/brd_crown_bay.
a.
Edit the file Makefile.
b.
Change the value of the option CFG_GFX to 1.
c.
Change the value of the option CFG_VBIOS to 0.
5. Run the commands:
make clean
make
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6. Copy the generated rom.bin file from the bldk/core/target/
brd_crown_bay/elf directory.
7. Flash the rom.bin file to your BIOS chip. If the BIOS chip is 2 MB, use the start
address of 0x100,000.
3.7
Generating an Installation
After you have created a package, you can generate an installation for the package by
following this procedure.
1. Select a package from the Package folder located on the left pane of the CED main
window.
2. Click Generate Installation. While the installation is building, CED displays a
progress bar. When the installation is complete, CED places the output in the
Installation folder on the left pane of the CED window.
For each OS and VBIOS platform specified in the package, CED generates a folder in
the ...\workspace\installation folder under the current folder. For example, if
you select a package that contains configurations for all supported operating systems
and the VBIOS, CED generates the following folders:
...\workspace\installation\<package name_installation>\IEMGD_HEAD_Linux
...\workspace\installation\<package name_installation>\IEMGD_HEAD_WINDOWS
...\workspace\installation\<package name_installation>\IEMGD_HEAD_WINCE70
...\workspace\installation\<package name_installation>\IEMGD_HEAD_VBIOS
...\workspace\installation\<package name_installation>\IEMGD_HEAD_EFI
These folders contain all the subfolders required for the installation onto the target
systems. To complete the installations on the target systems, refer to the following
sections:
• “Installing and Configuring Linux* OS Drivers” on page 133
• “Configuring and Installing Microsoft Windows Drivers” on page 87
• “Configuring and Building Intel® EMGD for Microsoft Windows* Embedded
Compact 7” on page 101
3.8
Configuring the System BIOS for Use with the Intel® EMGD
Some aspects of configuring the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver are
common across the Video BIOS (VBIOS), EFI, and the drivers for the supported
operating systems. The following sections provide an overview for configuring both the
VBIOS and Intel® EMGD and describe in detail the common components and tools. This
section also describes how to configure the system BIOS for the supported systems.
3.9
System BIOS Settings
Before installing Intel® EMGD, you must first configure the system BIOS. The following
sections describe the required settings. These descriptions are based on AMIBIOS8*
from American Megatrends, Inc., which is the recommended system BIOS to use with
Intel® EMGD. Settings may vary if a different system BIOS is used.
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3.9.1
GMCH PCIe Device Enabling
The PCIe Device Enabling feature on the Graphics and Memory Controller Hub (GMCH)
should be set as specified in the table below.
Table 19.
GMCH Device 2, Function 1 BIOS Setting
Chipset
OS
3.9.2
Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx, Intel® US15W/US15WP/WPT
Microsoft Windows* XP and
Microsoft Windows XPe*
Disabled
Linux*
Disabled
Graphics Mode Select (GMS)
The System BIOS typically allows a portion of physical memory to be dedicated to
firmware and graphics driver use. This dedicated memory is known as stolen memory
since it is not available to the operating system. The size of this memory is selectable
and chipset-specific. Stolen memory is typically used by the firmware and graphics
driver to locate the framebuffer, but can also be used as scratch and surface memory.
Because it is programmatically set aside during boot by the System BIOS, access to it
is direct and does not require OS memory allocation services. Firmware is fully
responsible for stolen memory management.
Graphics Mode Select (GMS), or stolen memory, can be set to any of the sizes listed in
the table below. Smaller sizes limit the framebuffer size during firmware boot. Larger
sizes marginally increase surface allocation performance for the graphics driver.
Table 20.
GMS Settings
Chipset
®
3.9.3
GMS Settings
Intel US15W/US15WP/WPT
64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB
Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Aperture Size
The AGP Aperture size controls the total amount of graphics memory that can be
mapped in the AGP Aperture. This value can be set from 64 MB up to 256 MB,
depending on the chipset. Refer to specific chipset details for information on the valid
range.
3.10
VBIOS and Driver Configuration
The Intel Embedded Graphics Suite allows user configuration of both the VBIOS and
graphics driver as well as programming of Detailed Timing Descriptors (DTDs) for
EDID-less panels for both the VBIOS and graphics driver. This is accomplished using
CED, which offers several ways to input DTDs, each associated with a potential target
panel and display mode for the system. CED generates DTD and configuration settings
used by the Intel® EMGD VBIOS, Linux, and/or Windows drivers.
The following example is for a system setup with just an internal LVDS and sample
timing parameters for illustration purposes only. You can use this example to set up
DTD timings that are specific to your non-standard panels and then activate the panels
using a custom mode.
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Intel® EMGD—Platform Configuration Using CED
To create a configuration and configure the LVDS options:
1. Create a custom DTD as described in Section 3.4, “Creating a New Customized
DTD” on page 23.
2. From the CED main screen, select New Configuration.
3. Enter a name for the configuration in the text box provided, for example,
LVDS_test.
4. Select the platform chipset.
5. In the list of available ports, select LVDS and then click Next.
6. On the LVDS Configuration Page, clear the checkbox for Use EDID Display if
available, which disables all the selections under If EDID Device (edid_avail).
The screen will be similar to the example below.
7. Select the checkbox for Use user-defined DTDs.
8. In the Encoder Configuration section, select Internal LVDS.
9. In the Custom Display Timing Descriptors (DTDs) list, select the DTD you created in
Section 3.4, “Creating a New Customized DTD” on page 23 for example,
test_LVDS.
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Platform Configuration Using CED—Intel® EMGD
Figure 22.
LVDS Configuration Page
10. Click Next.
11. (Optional) Configure Fastboot options as described in “Configuring Fastboot” on
page 37.
12. Click Next.
To set the custom mode:
1. From the Intel® EMGD CED screen (similar to the example below), in the Primary
Display Mode section, clear the Use Default checkbox.
2. In the Primary Non-standard Modes section, select the checkbox for Custom.
3. In the Primary Non-standard Modes section, enter 0x120 in the Default Mode
Settings text box. (See a description of the custom modes.)
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Intel® EMGD—Platform Configuration Using CED
Figure 23.
Intel® EMGD Configuration Editor Page
Custom Modes
The custom modes begin with 0x120 (0x121 and 0x122 are the same modes in
different pixel formats). If there was a second custom mode entered it would begin
with 0x123 to 0x125.
From the above DTD 200x200 example, this is what the custom modes represent:
0x120 [email protected]
0x121 [email protected]
0x122 [email protected]
And if the second custom mode was a 400x400 panel, its custom modes would be:
0x123 [email protected]
0x124 [email protected]
0x125 [email protected]
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Platform Configuration Using CED—Intel® EMGD
3.11
Configuration Options
The table below describes available Intel® EMGD settings. The gray rows are block
headings and the non-gray rows that follow each heading are settings within the block.
Some of these block headings are contained within prior block headings.
Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 1 of 7)
Name
Range/Value
Description
ConfigID
Integer (1-15)
Optional keyword used to specify which
configuration is used. The config ID specified
here must match one of the configuration IDs
defined with CED. If this keyword is omitted, all
configurations specified in the config file are
used.
Note that this keyword is not required for Linux
OS and VBIOS configurations.
Config
Integer (1-15)
More than one configuration is valid.
Comment
A quoted string used to identify the origin of the
.bin or .inf file.
Name
A quoted string used to identify the
configuration name.
Name is a required field for VBIOS
configuration.
General
Settings that are generic to the configuration.
DisplayConfig
Used to configure initial state of attached
displays.
1 – Single. A single display.
2 – Clone. Primary and secondary displays
enabled and configured with separate timing
pipes. This allows different timings to be applied
to each display. Resolutions can be different on
both displays.
8 – Extended. Configures separate pipes to
allow primary and secondary displays to have
different resolutions and display different
content. Upon first boot after the driver
installation, this option will enable only the
primary display, as the extended modes must
be enabled in the operating system (i.e.,
Extended Desktop in the Display Properties
sheet within Microsoft Windows).
1 – Single
2 – Clone
8 – Extended
Default: 8
DisplayDetect
PortOrder
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0 - Disable
1 - Enable
Enable or disable Display Detection. Note that
this parameter must be Enabled in order to use
COMMON_TO_PORT values.
Default is 0. Please see Section 3.12, “Display
Detection and Initialization” on page 65 for
detailed information on this parameter.
PortOrder must be specified as a
quoted string containing five digits.
The valid values are:
2 - sDVO B port
4 - Integrated LVDS port (mobile
chipsets only)
Default: 0 for all keys
Search order for detecting attached displays for
the Display Detection feature. When Display
Detection is enabled, the PortOrder determines
which display is primary and which display is
secondary.
The port search order can be specified to ensure
the port device (sDVO device) is found, based
on the system integrator’s routing choices.
Default ordering is chosen by specifying zeros in
the PortOrder keys.
Default ordering is chipset specific; see
Table 41, “Default Search Order” on page 188.
Please see Section 3.12, “Display Detection and
Initialization” on page 65 for more information
on using PortOrder in combination with the
Display Detect feature.
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Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 2 of 7)
Name
CloneWidth
CloneHeight
CloneRefresh = 60
Range/Value
Typical sizes:
clonewidth – 800, cloneheight - 600
clonewidth – 1024, cloneheight - 768
clonewidth – 1280, cloneheight - 768
clonewidth – 1400, cloneheight –
1050
Typical refresh rates (expressed in
Hz):
Description
Width and height for a cloned display.
Refresh rate for a cloned display.
60 Hz, 75 Hz, 85 Hz
OverlayOff
0 - Overlay on (default)
1 - Overlay off
This parameter allows you to disable Overlay
support, which is enabled by default.
Note: This parameter is only for Microsoft
Windows*. The Linux* OS configuration for the
xorg.conf provides a standard option that
performs the same function.
FbBlendOvl
0 - Off (Default)
1 - On
When checked, this enables overlay blending
with the framebuffer on both display outputs
when display mode resolution is 32-bit XRGB.
No_DFB
0 - Off (Default)
1 - On
This parameter enables the Intel® EMGD to
pass the DIB call back to the OS. This is
required in certain circumstances to improve
performance.
This option applies only to Windows XP and
US15W. When checked, it enables an override to
the frame buffer overlay blending 2D alpha.
Note:
Checking the Frame Buffer Overlay
Blending option and running a 3D alpha
blending application on overlay [non full
screen mode] causes the black icons on
the desktop to appear. This is expected
behavior as the operating system sets
the 2D alpha values. To overcome this
behavior, choose Enable Frame
Buffer Overlay Blending 2D Alpha
Override option and then enter the
alpha value. This alpha override will
cause performance impact when a lot of
2D blitting operations take place.
FbBlend2DOverRide
0 - Off (Default)
1 - On
FbBlendAlphaValue
The valid range is from 0x00 to 0xFF.
The Alpha value used for the frame buffer blend.
OverlayNoClip
0 - Off (Default)
1 - On
Enables/disables the colorkey feature.
vbios
This block contains settings for the Video BIOS.
Note that you only need to specify the
parameters you are actually using. You do not
need to specify all the parameters in this block.
If you omit any parameters, the vbios uses the
default values.
COMMON_TO_PORT
Maps the ports from the system BIOS to a port
number used by the graphics hardware. Please
see Section 3.5.4, “Configuring the Video BIOS
and EFI” on page 41 for more information on
this parameter. Note that the displaydetect
parameter must be set to Enabled in order for
the COMMON_TO_PORT values to be used.
The default is all zeroes: 000000
6 digit value
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Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 3 of 7)
Name
Range/Value
Description
Enables or disables the POST (Power On Self
Test) message. When you specify a value
greater than 0, the message is displayed for the
specified number of seconds. For example:
post_display_msg
0 - disable
greater than 0 - enable and display
POST message for the specified
number of seconds
post_display_msg = 5
This enables the POST message and displays it
for approximately 5 seconds. The maximum
value that can be entered here is 65535.
The default is 1, enable and display the POST
message for approximately 1 second.
oem_string
oem_vendor
oem_product_name
oem_product_rev
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double-quoted string
This string appears on the display when the
post_display_msg is enabled and the VBIOS
starts up. The maximum string length is 100
characters.
The default is " " (two double quotes with a
single space in between).
double-quoted string
This string appears on the display when the
post_display_msg is enabled and the VBIOS
starts up. The maximum string length is 80
characters.
The default is " " (two double quotes with a
single space in between).
double-quoted string
This string appears on the display when the
post_display_msg is enabled and the VBIOS
starts up. The maximum string length is 80
characters.
The default is " " (two double quotes with a
single space in between).
double-quoted string
This string appears on the display when the
post_display_msg is enabled and the VBIOS
starts up. The maximum string length is 80
characters.
The default is " " (two double quotes with a
single space in between).
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Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 4 of 7)
Name
Range/Value
Description
This parameter allows you to enable or disable
the five System BIOS 15h interrupt hooks. The
value must be 5 digits in length. Each digit is
associated with one of the five System BIOS
interrupt 15h hooks as shown below (left to
right)
1 - 5F31h, POST Completion Notification Hook
2 - 5F33h, Hook After Mode Set
3 - 5F35h, Boot Display Device Hook
4 - 5F36h, Boot TV Format Hook
5 - 5F38h, Hook Before Set Mode
int15
(Please see Appendix C, “Intel® 5F Extended
Interface Functions” for more information on 5F
functions.)
5 digits
The value of each digit must be a 0 or a 1 as
follows:
0 - disable a System BIOS 15h hook
1 - enable a System BIOS 15h hook
For example,
int15 = 11001
Enables 5F31h, 5F33h, and 5F38h hooks only.
The 5F35h and 5F36h hooks are disabled.
The default is 11111, enable all five hooks.
port
2 -sDVO B port
4 - Integrated LVDS port (mobile
chipsets only)
Degrees
rotation
Windows/
Linux
Used to define port specific settings.
WEC7
0
0
0x00
90
90
0x5A
180
180
0xB4
270
270
0x10E
Rotation of the display.
Default: 0 degrees
Flip
flip
Windows/
Linux
WEC7
off
0
0x00
on
1
0x01
Flip of the display.
Default: off
centeroff
Default: 0 – disabled, allow centering
and add compatibility modes
1 – enabled, no centering, no added
compatibility modes
When this option is enabled it DISABLES
centering. Also, depending on the combination
of “edid” + “user-dtd” + connected hardware,
Intel® EMGD will add missing compatibility
modes (6x4, 8x6, 10x7& 12x10) via centering.
Use this option to disable this feature.
edid
0 – Do not read EDID from panel/CRT
1 – Attempt to extract EDID timing
data from panel/CRT
If VBIOS/driver reads EDID from panel/CRT.
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Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 5 of 7)
Name
Range/Value
Range [16 bits]
Valid values (specified in hex):
bit 0=0: Do not use built-in standard
timings.
=1: Use driver built-in standard
timings.
edid_avail
edid_not_avail
bit 1=0: Do not use EDID block.
=1: Use EDID block and filter
modes.
(Bit 1 not applicable to
edid_not_avail.)
bit 2=0: Do not use user-defined
DTDs.
=1: Use user-defined DTDs.
bits 3-15: Reserved for future use.
Description
These two parameters are used to control the
available timings for any display. edid_avail is
used when EDID values are read from the
display. If an attempt to read EDID from the
display fails or the edid parameter is set to 0,
then the driver uses the edid_not_avail flags.
The value for both parameters must be specified
as a decimal or hex value, e.g., “3” or “0x3”
Defaults:
edid_avail: “3” sets Bit 0 = 1, Bit 1 = 1, Bit 2 =0
(Use driver built-in standard timings and EDID
block and filter modes.)
edid_not_avail: “1” sets Bit 0 = 1, Bit 1 = 0, Bit
2 = 0. (Use driver-built-in standard timings.)
Please see Section 3.13, “Advanced EDID
Configuration” on page 67 for detailed
information.
This option provides flexibility to enable/disable
display rotation configuration based on
DisplayID file.
Default: disabled
DIDRotation
Range:
0 - Disable. Do not use rotation/
flip setting based on DisplayID
file.
1 - Enable. Use rotation/flip
setting based on the DisplayID
file for display port
configuration.
To enable display rotation configuration based
on DisplayID file, please ensure you configure
following parameters:
- DIDRotation =1
- flip =0
- rotation =0
- edid =1
- edid_avail = 2 or 3 or 6 or 7
Note:
dvo
If you set the Port Rotation and Flip
Port option in CED to a non-zero value,
then the graphics will use your setting
instead of the DisplayID file
configuration.
sDVO device information.
i2cpin
<0-6>
The GPIO pin pair used on the I2C bus to read
and write to sDVO device registers.
ddcpin
<0-6>
The GPIO pin pair used as DDC bus to read
panel EDID data.
i2cdab
<0x00-0xff>
I2C device address for reading and writing
device registers.
The device address should be in 8-bit format
with the 7-bit slave address assigned to its bits
7:1 and bit 0 set to 0.
ddcdab
<0x00-0xff>
I2C device address for reading EDID data from
display through the DDC bus.
i2cspeed
[10-400]. Units in KHz
Speed of I2C bus for sDVO device.
ddcspeed
[10-400]. Units in KHz
Speed of I2C bus for EDID device.
fpinfo
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Panel-specific information.
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Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 6 of 7)
Name
bkltmethod
Range/Value
Range [0-3]
0 – no backlight
1 – Port Driver
2 – GMCH
3 – ICH
Note:
The only supported
parameter for internal LVDS
is 1 – Port Driver
bkltt3
Instructs which backlight method is required for
the panel attached to the given port.
If zero is supplied, or the key is not present,
then no backlight control is provided.
(T1) Time delay between VDD active, and sDVO
clock/data active. Zero indicates no delay
required.
bkltt1
bkltt2
Description
Range [0 -0xfff].
Units of 1ms => the limit specified in
your hardware specifications. For
example, the maximum for the
CH7307 is 409 ms.
(T2) Time delay between sDVO clock/data
active and backlight enable.
(T3) Time delay between backlight disable and
sDVO clock/data inactive.
bkltt4
(T4) Time delay between sDVO clock/data
inactive and VDD inactive.
bkltt5
(T5) Minimum delay between VDD inactive, and
active.
gpiopinvee
Valid ICH GPIO pin, 0 indexed
GPIO connection for panel power.
gpiopinvdd
For example:
gpiopinvdd = 3
gpiopinvee = 5
gpiopinenable = 1
GPIO connection for backlight power on/off
sequencing signal.
gpiopinbklt
GPIO to enable backlight signal.
UseGMCHClockPin
1 - Flat panel is connected to the
clock pin
0 - Flat panel is not connected to the
clock pin
This entry is needed when GMCH is selected as
backlight control method.
UseGMCHDataPin
1 - Flat panel is connected to the
data pin
0 - Flat panel is not connected to the
data pin
This entry is needed when GMCH is selected as
backlight control method.
Denotes a Detailed Timing Descriptor (DTD)
block. Settings in this section, except for the
flags parameter, correspond to the Detailed
Timing Block described in the VESA standard
“Extended Display Identification Data Standard”,
Version 3, November 13, 1997.
dtd
p_clock
Range [0-0x7fffffff]
Pixel clock value in KHz.
h_active
Range 0-4096 [12 bits]
Horizontal Active.
v_active
Range 0-4096 [12 bits]
Vertical Active.
h_sync
Range 0-1024 [10 bits]
Horizontal Sync Offset.
v_sync
Range 0-64 [6 bits]
Vertical Sync Offset.
h_syncp
Range 0-1024 [10 bits]
Horizontal Sync Pulse Offset.
v_syncp
Range 0-64 [6 bits]
Vertical Sync Pulse Width.
h_blank
Range 0-4096 [12 bits]
Horizontal Blanking.
v_blank
Range 0-4096 [12 bits]
Vertical Blanking.
h_border
Range 0-256 [8 bits]
Horizontal Border. Currently not supported.
v_border
Range 0-256 [8 bits]
Vertical Border. Currently not supported.
h_size
Range 0-4096 [12 bits]
Horizontal Size. Currently not supported.
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Table 21.
Parameter Configuration Format (Sheet 7 of 7)
Name
v_size
Range/Value
Range0-4096 [12 bits]
Description
Vertical size. Currently not supported.
Range [32 bits]
Valid values:
bit 31
0 - Non-interlaced
1 - Interlaced
bit 27
0 - vertical sync polarity active low
1 - vertical sync polarity active high
flags
bit 26
0 - horizontal sync polarity active low
1 - horizontal sync polarity active
high
bit 25
0 - blank sync polarity active high
1 - blank sync polarity active low
Interlace, Horizontal polarity, Vertical polarity,
Sync Configuration, etc. Note that these flags
are Intel® EMGD specific and do not correspond
to VESA 3.0 flags. For example, to set
Interlaced with Horizontal Sync Polarity high
(bits 31 and 26), then the flags value =
0x84000000. (Binary = 10000100 00000000
00000000 00000000)
bit 17
0 - Normal DTD
1 - Panel/display Native DTD
All other bits
Do not use any other bits; all other
bits must be set to 0.
attr
Attribute values that are specific to the sDVO
device for the port. See Appendix B, “Port Driver
Attributes” for specific attribute IDs and
associated values.
0-0xFFFF
id = <value>.
id <Attribute ID>
0 -4294967296
Both the Attribute ID and its value should be
specified in decimal. For example, to set
brightness to 50, you specify
id 0 = 50
See Appendix B, “Port Driver Attributes”.
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Intel® EMGD—Platform Configuration Using CED
3.12
Display Detection and Initialization
The Display Detection and Initialization feature, when enabled, automatically detects
displays and allocates ports without the need to change any configuration files. This
feature is off by default and can be enabled either through CED or by directly editing
the iegd.inf file for Microsoft Windows or the xorg.conf file for the Linux OS.
To enable the feature via CED, select the DisplayDetect option on the CED Chipset
Configuration page. Please see Section 3.5, “Creating a New Configuration” on page 27
or CED online help for more information.
Alternatively, you can enable the feature in Microsoft Windows by entering the following
line in the iegd.inf section [iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_xxx]
(where xxx = chipset/processor code name, for example: tnc for Atom E6xx, plb for
US15W, etc.):
HKR, All\<ConfigID>\General, DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
where <ConfigID> is the configuration ID (without the angle brackets).
To enable the feature in the Linux OS, enter the following line Option setting in the
xorg.conf file:
Option “Config/<ConfigID>/General/DisplayDetect” “1”
When the display detection feature is enabled, ports are allocated only when the
display satisfies the following conditions:
1. The port is not in use (that is, it is not already allocated).
2. The port driver detects the display.
The first port that passes these conditions is allocated. If condition 2 fails for all ports,
then the first port in the PortOrder setting that passes condition 1 is allocated. If the
port is not detectable (specifically the internal LVDS or external LVDS using CH7308),
the driver assumes the display is connected. Condition number 2. always passes for
these displays.
When this feature is disabled, display allocation is done based on PortOrder and no
display detection is performed.
3.12.1
Display Detect Operation
This section describes the logic of the Display Detection feature and provides several
examples.
1. If Display Detect is disabled, the driver uses the first two ports identified in the
PortOrder.
2. If Display Detect is enabled and you are using the 1.14 or later version of the
VBIOS, the VBIOS performs the display detection. The driver then checks whether
the VBIOS returns the display allocations and if it does, the driver does not reexecute the display detection steps.
If you are not using the version 1.14 or later Legacy VBIOS, then the driver
performs display discovery as described in the following steps.
3. The number of displays to be detected is based on the DisplayConfig settings in
the configuration. If this is set to Single, then only one display is detected. If it is
set to any other value, a maximum of two displays will be detected.
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4. The Intel® EMGD goes through each port in the PortOrder settings and attempts
to detect a display using the following algorithm:
a.
PortOrder sequence determines display detection. Port allocation shows after
the display has been detected. For example:
PortOrder = “42000” (LVDS, sDVO)
Displays Connected = LVDS
Primary display allocation: Searches for a display connected according to
the PortOrder sequence. The first detected display is an LVDS, so the Primary
display is “LVDS.”
Secondary display allocation: Searches for a display connected according to
the PortOrder sequence. The first non-allocated display detected is sDVO, so
the Secondary display is “sDVO.”
b.
With no display detected on any port, then turn off the DisplayDetect option and
allocate ports in the order defined by PortOrder. For example:
PortOrder = “20000”
Displays Connected = None
Primary display allocation: Searches for a connected display according to
the PortOrder. Because Intel® EMGD detects no displays, the Primary display is
set to “sDVO-B.”
c.
The driver cannot detect the presence of a display connected to the Internal
LVDS and external LVDS displays connected to some sDVO devices, for example,
an LVDS connected to the CH7308. Consequently, the driver assumes that an
LVDS display is connected if it is in the PortOrder. If you only want to use the
internal LVDS when no external panel (from sDVO) or devices are connected,
then put LVDS in the PortOrder after them. For example:
PortOrder = “24000” (sDVOB, LVDS)
Display Connected = None
Primary display allocation: Searches for a display connected according to
PortOrder sequence. Since no display is connected and since LVDS is specified
in the PortOrder, the driver assumes that an LVDS display is connected.
Consequently, set the Primary display to “LVDS.”
d.
When the port drivers do not load for any ports specified in the PortOrder, the
driver enables port 4 (LVDS) only. For example:
PortOrder = “20000” (sDVO)
PortDrivers = “” (None)
Primary display allocation: Searches for displays connected according to the
PortOrder. Since no port drivers are available for the specified ports, LVDS port
4 is enabled. Consequently, set the Primary display to “LVDS.”
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3.12.2
Detectable Displays
The table below provides a list of displays that are detectable by the Intel® EMGD.
Table 22.
Detectable Displays
Transmitter
GMCH Integrated LVDS
Detectable by Intel® EMGD?
LVDS
No (assumed attached)
CH7022
VGA Bypass
Yes
CH7036
LVDS Bypass and/or VGA/
HDMI
(VGA and HDMI are
mutually exclusive)
Yes
CH7307
DVI
Yes
CH7308
LVDS
No (assumed attached)
CH7315
HDMI/DVI
Yes
VGA Bypass
Yes
CH7319
DVI
Yes
CH7320
DVI
Yes
SiI 1362
DVI
Yes
SiI 1364
DVI
Yes
CH7317b
3.13
Display Type
Advanced EDID Configuration
Shown in the following EDID Options example, the If EDID Device (edid_avail) and
If Not EDID Device (edid_not_avail) options in CED are found on the CRT, sDVO,
LVDS, and TV Out configuration pages.
These options control the available timings for any display. Use the edid_avail
parameter when EDID information is read from the display. If the driver cannot read
EDID information from the display or if the edid parameter is set to “0” (disable), then
use the settings of the edid_not_avail parameter.
The default behavior of edid_avail is to use the driver’s built-in standard timings and
EDID block and filter modes. The default for edid_not_avail uses the driver’s builtin standard timings. Please see Table 21 in Section 3.11 for more information on these
parameters.
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The Intel® EMGD supports three different types of EDID display modes:
1. Built-in display modes. These modes are hard-coded in the Intel® EMGD. These
modes can be filtered based on the EDID block.
2. EDID-DTDs: These are Detailed Timing Descriptors read from the EDID block.
EDID can have these DTDs along with other information about the display.
3. User-specified DTDs defined in CED. See Section 3.13.2, “User-Specified DTDs”
on page 69.
The Advanced EDID Configuration supports different possible combinations of display
modes when an EDID display is present along with user-specified DTDs.
3.13.1
Sample Advanced EDID Configurations
The table below presents various EDID configurations and the EDID settings in CED
used for those configurations.
Table 23.
Sample Advanced EDID Configurations
Configurations
1. Use only filtered built-in and any EDID-DTDs
when the display has EDID information
2. Use all built-in modes when the display does
not contain EDID information
CED Settings
Description
edid = 1
edid_avail = 3
edid_not_avail = 1
Default values.
1. Use only filtered built-in modes and EDIDDTDs when the display has EDID.
2. Use only user-DTDs otherwise.
edid = 1
edid_avail = 3
edid_not_avail = 4
This configuration allows the
Intel® EMGD to use its built-in
display modes and the modes
provided by the display.
If the Intel® EMGD is unable
to read EDID information from
the display, then the Intel®
EMGD uses the user-DTDs
defined in CED.
1. Use only user-DTDs regardless of connected
display. (Typically used for a custom panel that
only supports user-defined DTDs.)
2. Use limited set of timings when a panel EDID
is present, but the Intel® EMGD cannot read the
EDID information.
edid = 0
edid_avail = (any value)
edid_not_avail = 4
Only user-DTDs defined in CED
are used.
edid = 1
edid_avail = 2
edid_not_avail = 4
This configuration uses the
EDID-DTDs when detecting an
EDID display and EDID
information comes from the
display.
If the driver detects a nonEDID display, then the Intel®
EMGD uses user-DTDs defined
in CED.
edid = 1
edid_avail = 6
edid_not_avail = 4
This configuration uses both
EDID-DTDs and user-DTDs
when the Intel® EMGD detects
an EDID display.
If the driver detects a nonEDID display, then the Intel®
EMGD uses user-DTDs defined
in CED.
1. Use EDID-DTDs for an EDID display.
2. Use user-DTDs for a non-EDID display.
1. Use only EDID-DTDs and user-DTDs for an
EDID display.
2. Use user-DTDs only for a non-EDID display.
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3.13.2
User-Specified DTDs
CED provides the ability to input DTD data directly. There are numerous sources of DTD
data: VESA, panel manufacturers, etc. See Creating a New Customized DTD for more
information.
3.14
Using an External PCIe Graphics Adapter as the Primary Device
on Windows XP
Note:
Intel® EMGD supports this feature only on Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx and Windows
XP.
Intel® EMGD can be configured to work with an external PCIe graphics adapter card as
the primary graphics adapter device with the Intel internal graphics device (GMCH) as
the secondary graphics device. You can configure your system to boot with a PCIe
graphics adapter in the System BIOS (note: check with your BIOS vendor as not all
BIOS supports the option). When designating an external PCIe graphics adapter as the
primary graphics adapter, the Intel GMCH becomes the secondary graphics device.
Note:
The term secondary adapter refers to the adapter that is not the boot-up, or VGACompatible, adapter. The secondary adapter is not necessarily the secondary display as
assigned by the OS.
You can configure an external PCIe card to work with the Intel® EMGD as follows:
• The external PCIe card as the primary graphics adapter and the GMCH internal
graphics device as the secondary.
• The external PCIe card as the secondary graphics adapter and the GMCH internal
graphics device as the primary.
Note:
When using an ATI card, first install the ATI driver and do not reboot the machine.
Reboot after installing Intel® EMGD.
Intel® EMGD lets you specify which display is primary, secondary, and tertiary. It allows
Clone configurations on the internal graphics device when the external PCIe display is
the primary graphics adapter. It also allows Clone configurations on the internal
graphics device when the external PCIe device is the secondary graphics adapter.
An external PCIe graphics driver runs independently without sharing resources with
Intel® EMGD.
The following figures show several configurations when an external PCIe adapter is the
primary graphics device and when it is the secondary graphics device.
Figure 24 shows an External PCIe card as the primary graphics adapter card and Intel®
EMGD as the secondary. The drivers do not share hardware resources. The OS decides
the framebuffer content and handles that by drawing to the respective driver
independently.
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Figure 24.
External PCIe Graphics Card as Primary Driver and Intel® EMGD as Secondary
Driver
Figure 25 shows the interaction between Intel® EMGD and the External VGA driver
when Intel® EMGD is booted as the primary driver. Again, the drivers do not share
hardware resources. The OS decides the framebuffer content and handles it by drawing
to the respective driver independently.
Figure 25.
Intel® EMGD as Primary Driver and External PCIe Graphics Card as Secondary
Driver
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Figure 26 shows a sample configuration where the internal graphics device is primary
and configured to use two ports to drive two displays while an external PCIe graphics
adapter is used to drive a tertiary display. Note that regardless of the number of ports
being assigned to a driver, the external PCIe graphics run independently without
sharing resources with Intel® EMGD.
Figure 26.
Intel® EMGD as Primary Driver with Two Displays and External PCIe Driving a
Tertiary Display
3.15
Enhanced Clone Mode Support
The Enhanced Clone Mode feature lets you specify a clone display size that is different
from the primary display. It also allows you to change the clone display size at runtime
using the Intel® EMGD Runtime GUI (see Section 5.6, “Viewing and Changing the
Driver Configuration from Microsoft Windows” on page 96 or Section 7.5, “Runtime
Configuration GUI” on page 162 for Linux systems).
In Clone mode, the framebuffer is always allocated to match the primary display size.
On the clone display (secondary display) the image is centered if the display is bigger
than the framebuffer. Centering happens only if the requested resolution and refresh
rate are not available for the clone display.
Extended Clone mode uses four CED parameters:
• Clone Width — specifies a width for the clone display
• Clone Height — specifies a height for the clone display
• Clone Refresh — specifies a refresh rate for the clone display
• Enable interlace mode — uses interlace mode for the clone display
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3.15.1
Clone Mode CED Configuration
The following CED screenshot shows a sample Clone mode setting configuration.
3.16
Scaling and Centering Configurations
This release supports the following scaling and centering configurations:
• Upscaling for the Chrontel CH7308 LVDS Transmitters
• Internal LVDS Scaling With EDID Panels
• Alignment in Clone mode
• sDVO as Primary
• Render Scaling modes to native panels connected to non-scaling port encoders
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See the following topics for configuration details:
• “Upscaling for the Chrontel CH7308 LVDS Transmitters”
• “Internal LVDS Scaling with EDID Panels”
• “Centering Primary Display with Scaling Encoders”
• “Enabling Render Scaling on Port Encoders without Hardware Scaling”
• “Alignment in Clone Mode”
3.16.1
Upscaling for the Chrontel CH7308 LVDS Transmitters
The Intel® EMGD can upscale lower-resolution modes (those smaller than the size of
the respective panel) to the native size of the panel connected to a Chrontel CH7308*
LVDS transmitter.
The Intel® EMGD uses a user-supplied DTD with the native flag set (also known as
native DTD) as native timing for the panel connected to either a CH7308 transmitter.
If the user does not supply a native DTD, the Intel® EMGD takes the first available
matching FP info width and height timings as native timing for the panel if
standard timings were selected as part of edid_avail or edid_not_avail flags.
To support upscaling, the LVDS transmitters require setting the pipe to native timing of
the panel despite the user-selected resolution. It also requires finding the native timing
(also known as native DTD) of the panel based on user-supplied configuration
information.
The CH7308 (sDVO) port drivers limit the list of supported modes to the size of panel.
The port drivers also mark one of the timings as native DTD as follows (it goes to the
next step only if native DTD is not found in the current step).
1. It finds the timing with the user-defined DTD with the native DTD flag set. This
becomes the native DTD for the panel.
2. If the panel is an EDID panel and user selected to use EDID DTDs, then the port
driver marks the EDID DTD as native DTD.
3. If the user supplies a DTD without the native DTD flag set, then the port driver
marks this one as the native DTD.
4. If none of the above steps works, the port driver finds the first matching timing for
FP width, height and marks it as native DTD.
If none of the above steps work, then there is no native DTD and no upscaling is
performed.
3.16.2
Internal LVDS Scaling with EDID Panels
The Internal LVDS connected to an EDID Panel supports scaling of modes other than
native mode. To support this, the port driver exports information to the EDID parser
that it can scale. The EDID parser does not remove other modes (that is, non-native
modes) from the mode table. It only marks the native mode. When the Intel® EMGD
queries the port driver on which modes are supported, the port driver then removes
any modes that cannot be scaled (up or down depending on the port's hardware
capability). When mode-setting occurs, the second display in Clone mode can indeed
support non-native modes even though the panel had EDID. This occurs only if a native
mode can be found the port driver can scale. Otherwise, the port driver ignores the
scaling information and the Intel® EMGD proceeds normally.
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The driver also supports Internal LVDS Scaling on EDID-less panels. The steps that
enable this are the same as those described for the scaling of Chrontel LVDS
transmitters in Section 3.16.1.
3.16.3
Centering Primary Display with Scaling Encoders
In Clone mode, the Intel® EMGD expects the primary display to have a framebuffer size
(OS Aware mode) that matches the display’s native size of panel timings. When the
user designates a display as primary in a Clone mode configuration and wants to center
it (as explained in Section 3.16.5), they may want this setup to align a primary display
on a scaling encoder with a secondary one that can only center. This will not work by
default for certain port encoders such as the internal LVDS, which default to hardware
scaling. But Intel® EMGD has a mechanism to override hardware scaling, thus forcing
centering.
When possible, the Intel® EMGD allows centering of 640x480, 800x600, and 1024x768
resolutions on the primary display. In some cases (depending on panels), the image
may appear on the top-left. It may also produce unusable output on some displays
(such as a TV). Therefore, this type of configuration is more appropriate for LVDS
panels.
To disable hardware scaling and force centering for a primary display on the above
modes, users only need to set the “Panel_Fit” attribute (“0x12”) to “0” (zero).
3.16.4
Enabling Render Scaling on Port Encoders without Hardware
Scaling
The Intel® EMGD Render Scaling feature allows the driver to support any one of the
standard modes (640x480, 800x600, 1024x768 or 1280x1024) as a drawable
framebuffer size output to a native panel and connected via a port encoder that does
not hardware scale. To achieve this, the GPU engine repeats all rendering operations
twice (from the original OS-targeted back buffer) to a separate front buffer, which is
rendered via the 3D engine for scaling. This feature is enabled by turning on the
“Panel-Fit” attribute (“0x12”) on a port driver that does not support that attribute. But
this only happens if there is a native mode timing (see Section 3.16.1 for information
about how native mode timing is determined).
Users should be aware that this feature can impact performance and produce scaled
output which is inferior in quality to hardware encoder scaling.
3.16.5
Alignment in Clone Mode
In Clone mode, both can be configured with separate timings and different resolutions.
Both displays show the same content. In the case where resolutions are different on
the cloned displays, the display identified as primary drives the display mode and
framebuffer size. In this situation, three options exist for the cloned displays:
• Panning: If the clone display is smaller than the primary display, the displayed
image can be off the screen with the display showing only a window into the overall
image. Panning moves the window, following the cursor.
• Centering: If the clone display is larger than the primary display mode, the display
image can be centered in the clone display. Black borders are displayed around the
image on the display, known as picture-boxing.
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• Scaling: There are two types of scaling in Clone mode, as described below.
— Hardware Encoder Scaling: This feature adjusts the resolution of the image
from the primary display to fit the resolution of the clone display. This permits
scaling up to a larger display (upscaling), or scaling down to a smaller display
(downscaling). It also allows the full image to be displayed within the full
resolution of the clone display.
Some systems may have cloned displays that cannot scale but have a primary
display that can scale such as an internal LVDS. In non-panning modes, i.e.,
centering/hardware scaling, this display combination results in the primary
display (LVDS) scaling up but the clone display centering. Section 3.16.3
explains how to force the primary display to center — thus allowing both
displays to center. Or, use Render Scaling to make both displays scale up to full
size.
— Render Scaling: For clone display, a situation is possible where the primary
display uses a hardware scaling port encoder and the secondary display uses a
non-scaling port encoder. Assuming both displays are output via native panels,
the resulting output should see the primary scaling of any smaller mode to full
panel size. But the secondary display will center the smaller modes. Hardware
Encoder Scaling explains how to align both displays to be centered. Using the
Render Scaling feature, the opposite can be achieved. Ensure the non-scaling
encoder is primary and enable Render Scaling on that port (see
Section 3.16.4). This will make the GPU render-scale the smaller mode and
achieve the full panel size. The clone display, now the scaling encoder, will take
the render-scaled image as its input (and output) to the clone display panel.
This feature will be upgraded in the future so that the clone display can
independently take in the original framebuffer image as its input.
§§
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4.0
Video Firmware
4.1
Overview
The Intel Embedded Video BIOS incorporates many of the features and capabilities of
the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver. The 1.16 version of the VBIOS
includes support for the following chipsets:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
Enabling the SMSW instructions used when Intel® EMGD VBIOS sets up its caching
functions increases the boot speed during POST and system boot. Linux* distributions
fall back to text mode as a side effect of the Linux Virtual X86 Engine, which does not
work well with SMSW. Caching is vital for the Intel® EMGD VBIOS and it uses SMSW by
design. Changes to the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver VBIOS cannot
happen without affecting its performance.
4.2
System Requirements
The new Video BIOS can be built on a host Microsoft Windows* system and moved to
the target system. The host system must have a 32-bit Microsoft Windows operating
system installed with the capability to execute DOS commands from a command line
window.
The target system must contain one of the following Intel chipsets:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
The target system must contain a minimum of 64 MB of RAM.
4.3
Configuring and Building the VBIOS with CED
The Intel® Embedded VBIOS is built with the Intel Configuration Editor (CED). The
VBIOS will use the configuration that you specify in CED. The VBIOS is selected to be
built when you specify the Video BIOS as a Target OS in your package configuration.
After specifying the Video BIOS, follow all CED prompts, and be sure to select
“Generate VBIOS” when available. The VBIOS will then be built when you select
“Generate Installation” in CED.
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Before building your VBIOS, you must set up your DOS environment with the steps
below.
1. Download the Open Watcom* C/C++ compiler from http://www.openwatcom.com.
The User Build System for the VBIOS relies on the Open Watcom C/C++ compiler
to be able to build a 16-bit DOS binary required for the BIOS. The VBIOS has been
tested with version 1.7a of the Open Watcom compiler.
2. Install the Open Watcom* C/C++ compiler using the full or complete option. Do
not use the default installation option as it may cause errors when
creating the BIOS in CED.
3. Set up directory paths.
You must set up the PATH environment variable in DOS to be able to execute the
Watcom compiler. If Watcom was installed with its default path, CED will by default
be able to use it.
When you generate a VBIOS, CED produces the following folders and files:
• Compiled_VBIOS folder
— iegdtsr.exe (Terminate and Stay Resident executable)
Note: iegdtsr.exe is available only for the US15W platform. Any description
about iegdtsr.exe in subsequence paragraphs and sections is applicable to
the US15W platform only.
— VGA.BIN (Option ROM)
•
IEMGD_HEAD_VBIOS.zip (this file is generated by the build system)
The iegdtsr.exe can be copied to any folder on the target machine. To run the TSR,
boot the target machine with DOS, and then run the iegdtsr.exe from the DOS
command line.
The VGA.bin file is the binary option ROM that can be merged with your system BIOS
per the instructions provided by your system BIOS vendor.
The IEMGD_HEAD_VBIOS.zip file contains default builds of the TSR executable and
Option ROM for the various chipsets. The filenames are iegdtsr-def.exe and
vga-def.bin and are located in the tsr or orom folder of the specific chipset folder
(see Figure 27). Refer to Appendix E, “Using the AMI* Video BIOS Utility” for
instructions on using the command line utility to merge the VBIOS ROM image with the
hardware platform system BIOS ROM image.
For further VBIOS build guidelines, see Section 4.3.3, “Building the VBIOS” on page 80.
See also the following topics:
• “Selecting the Build Folder”
• “Configuring the Video BIOS”
• “Building the VBIOS”
4.3.1
Selecting the Build Folder
The 1.16 version of the VBIOS contains specific folders used for creating a VBIOS that
is either an option ROM (OROM) that can be merged with the system BIOS, or an
executable Terminate and Stay Resident (TSR) program for debugging purposes. There
are also separate directories for the different chipsets that are supported. CED will build
both the TSR and OROM.
Figure 27 shows the directory structure for the Video BIOS libraries contained within
CED.
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Figure 27.
Video BIOS Directory Structure
4.3.2
Configuring the Video BIOS
Use CED to configure the VBIOS. Display settings will be used the same way as for the
driver.
4.3.2.1
COMMON_TO_PORT
This setting allows you to associate standard display names used in most system BIOSs
to specific ports that are recognized by Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
(e.g., LVDS, sDVO-B). The VBIOS makes this association when the VBIOS calls the
System BIOS Intel® 5F interrupt functions.
This setting is a six digit number, where each digit is associated with one of the system
BIOS displays (from left to right):
1 : CRT - Standard analog CRT
2 : TV1 - TV Output 1
3 : EFP1 - DVI Flat Panel 1
4 : LFP - Local Flat Panel (Internal LVDS display)
5 : TV2 - TV Output 2
6 : EFP2 - DVI Flat Panel 2
The example values above show the typical displays and corresponding order used by a
system BIOS. However, this may vary depending on how your system BIOS has
implemented the displays and the Intel 5F interrupt functions.
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The value in each setting associates with the port number. Using the typical settings
above, set COMMON_TO_PORT to be 500400, if you want to associate CRT in the
system BIOS with the internal CRT (port 5) and LFP in the system BIOS with internal
LVDS (port 4) in the VBIOS.
Warning:
This feature must be compatible with the system BIOS. If the system BIOS does not
properly implement the Intel 5F functions, then using the COMMON_TO_PORT feature
could cause unpredictable results with the displays. If you are unsure, set
COMMON_TO_PORT to all zeros (000000) to disable this feature.
Note:
The displaydetect parameter must be set to Enabled in order for the
COMMON_TO_PORT values to be used.
4.3.2.2
post_display_msg
This setting is a binary setting that enables (1) or disables (0) POST messages to the
display.
4.3.2.3
OEM Vendor Strings
The following settings are string values that allow you to set the values that are
returned from the Intel 4F interrupt functions.
oem_string
oem_vendor_name
oem_product_name
oem_product_rev
4.3.2.4
Default Mode Settings
These settings establish the default VGA or VESA mode to use for the primary (0) and
secondary (1) displays. The values should be set to a valid standard VGA or VESA mode
(in hexadecimal format, for example, 0x117). Note that a VGA mode can only be set on
one display and a second display is disabled unless the DisplayConfig parameter is
set to clone mode.
default_mode_0
default_mode_1
4.3.2.5
Default Refresh Settings
These settings allow you to specify which refresh rate to use for certain VESA modes on
the primary and secondary displays. For example, mode 0x117 specifies refresh rates
of 60 Hz, 75 Hz, and 85 Hz. This setting allows use to specify which of those three rates
to use (specified in decimal, e.g., default_refresh_0=60).
default_refresh_0
default_refresh_1
4.3.2.6
default_vga_height
This setting allows you to specify which resolution to use for certain VGA modes.
Because only one VGA mode can be supported on both displays, this setting applies to
the primary display mode (default_mode_0). For example, mode 3 specifies three
possible resolutions: 640x200, 640x350, and 720x400. In this example, setting
default_vga_height=350 indicates the resolution 640x350.
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4.3.3
Building the VBIOS
CED is used to build the VBIOS. The following steps and screenshots outline a typical
CED VBIOS build procedure.
1. Define your configuration via CED, being sure to complete the Video BIOS
Configuration Page.
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2. When defining the package, be sure to select Video BIOS as Target OS.
3. Generate the installation. The following message will appear if the Open Watcom*
C/C++ compiler has not been installed on the user build system.
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4. Generated files should now be in your CED Installation folder.
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4.4
VBIOS, Driver Compatibility, and Data Dependencies
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver does not depend on any data from the
VBIOS, and will either use driver settings or select default values for the attached
displays. This allows the driver to properly operate with incompatible BIOS or BIOS
replacements.
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver will retrieve settings, such as panel ID
and other display settings from the Embedded VBIOS. The Embedded VBIOS can
configure display timings that can also be used for the Intel® Embedded Media and
Graphics Driver.
In the current release, Intel® EMGD supports only pre-configured 10x7 resolution and
EDID-detected 13x7 resolutions on an internal LVDS panel.
4.4.1
VESA and VGA Video Modes
The VBIOS supports many VESA and standard VGA modes. See Table 24 and Table 25
for the VGA and VESA modes and vertical refresh rates that are supported by the
VBIOS.
Note:
Although IBM labeled certain EGA modes with a (*) suffix and the VGA modes with a
(+) suffix (such as mode 3, 3* and 3+), the VGA modes are so common that this
document does not use the (+) suffix to refer to them.
The actual availability of any particular mode depends on the capabilities of the display
device, the amount of memory installed, and other system parameters.
Table 24.
Video
Mode
00h
01h
02h
Supported VGA Video Display Modes (Sheet 1 of 2)
Pixel
Resolution
Color Depth
(bpp)
Mode
Type
Display
Adapter
Font
Size
Character
Resolution
Dot
Clock
(MHz)
Horiz.
Freq.
(KHz)
Vert
Freq
(Hz)
Video
Memory
(KB)
320 x 200
16 (gray)
(4 bpp)
Text
CGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
320 x 350
16 (gray)
(4 bpp)
EGA
8 x 14
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
360 x 400
16
(4 bpp)
VGA
9 x 16
40 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
320 x 200
16
(4 bpp)
CGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
320 x 350
16
(4 bpp)
EGA
8 x 14
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
360 x 400
16
(4 bpp)
VGA
9 x 16
40 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
640 x 200
16 (gray)
(4 bpp)
CGA
8x8
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
640 x 350
16 (gray)
(4 bpp)
EGA
8 x 14
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
720 x 400
16
(4 bpp)
VGA
9 x 16
80 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
Text
Text
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Table 24.
Video
Mode
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
Supported VGA Video Display Modes (Sheet 2 of 2)
Pixel
Resolution
Color Depth
(bpp)
Mode
Type
Display
Adapter
Font
Size
Character
Resolution
Dot
Clock
(MHz)
Horiz.
Freq.
(KHz)
Vert
Freq
(Hz)
Video
Memory
(KB)
640 x 200
16
(4 bpp)
Text
CGA
8x8
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
640 x 350
16
(4 bpp)
EGA
8 x 14
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
720 x 400
16
(4 bpp)
VGA
9 x 16
80 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
320 x 200
4
Graph
All
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
320 x 200
4 (gray)
Graph
CGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
320 x 200
4 (gray)
EGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
320 x 200
4
VGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
640 x 200
2
Graph
All
8x8
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
720 x 350
Mono
Text
MDA
9 x 14
80 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
720 x 350
Mono
EGA
9 x 14
80 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
720 x 400
Mono
VGA
9 x 16
80 x 25
28
31.5
70
256
08h0Ch
Reserved
0Dh
320 x 200
16
(4 bpp)
Graph
E/VGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
0Eh
640 x 200
16
(4 bpp)
Graph
E/VGA
8x8
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
0Fh
640 x 350
Mono
Graph
E/VGA
8 x 14
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
10h
640 x 350
16
(4 bpp)
Graph
E/VGA
8 x 14
80 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
11h
640 x 480
2
(4 bpp)
Graph
VGA
8 x 16
80 x 30
25
31.5
60
256
12h
640 x 480
16
(4 bpp)
Graph
VGA
8 x 16
80 x 30
25
31.5
60
256
13h
320 x 200
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
VGA
8x8
40 x 25
25
31.5
70
256
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Intel® EMGD—Video Firmware
Table 25.
VESA Modes Supported by Video BIOS (Sheet 1 of 2)
Video
Mode
101h
103h
105h
107h
111h
114h
117h
Pixel Resolution
Colors (bpp)
Mode
Type
Display
Adapter
Vertical
Frequency
(Hz)
Video
Memory
(MB)
640 x 480
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
VGA
60
0.5
640 x 480
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
VGA
75
0.5
640 x 480
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
VGA
85
0.5
800 x 600
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
60
1
800 x 600
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
75
1
800 x 600
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
85
1
1024 x 768
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
60
1
1024 x 768
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
75
1
1024 x 768
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
85
1
1280 x 1024
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
60
2
1280 x 1024
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
75
2
1280 x 1024
256
(8 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
85
2
640 x 480
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
VGA
60
1
640 x 480
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
VGA
75
1
640 x 480
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
VGA
85
1
800 x 600
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
60
2
800 x 600
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
75
2
800 x 600
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
85
2
1024 x 768
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
60
2
1024 x 768
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
75
2
1024 x 768
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
85
2
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Video Firmware—Intel® EMGD
Table 25.
VESA Modes Supported by Video BIOS (Sheet 2 of 2)
Video
Mode
11Ah
Pixel Resolution
Colors (bpp)
Mode
Type
Display
Adapter
Vertical
Frequency
(Hz)
Video
Memory
(MB)
1280 x 1024
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
60
4
1280 x 1024
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
75
4
1280 x 1024
64K
(16 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
85
4
640 x 480
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
VGA
60
2
640 x 480
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
VGA
75
2
640 x 480
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
VGA
85
2
800 x 600
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
60
4
800 x 600
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
75
4
800 x 600
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
SVGA
85
4
1024 x 768
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
60
4
1024 x 768
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
75
4
1024 x 768
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
XVGA
85
4
1280 x 1024
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
60
8
1280 x 1024
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
75
8
1280 x 1024
16M
(32 bpp)
Graph
SXGA
85
8
112
115
118
11B
Notes:
Clone mode is not supported in VBIOS for Atom E6xx.
A single config ID can have multiple port drivers. However, only one display will be
activated based on port order priority.
§§
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Intel® EMGD—Configuring and Installing Microsoft Windows Drivers
5.0
Configuring and Installing Microsoft Windows
Drivers
5.1
Editing the Microsoft Windows INF File
This section describes the driver-level information (iegd.inf ) for the Microsoft
Windows* operating system, which includes the following1:
• Microsoft Windows* XP SP3
• Microsoft Windows* XP Embedded with Embedded Standard 2009
Note:
Configuration and Installation information for the Microsoft Windows CE operating
system is described in Chapter 6.0, “Configuring and Building Intel® EMGD for
Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7.”
5.2
Configuration Information
5.2.1
Universal INF Configuration
One INF file can specify multiple display configurations. A ConfigId parameter uniquely
identifies each configuration.
The driver reads the PanelId from the System BIOS during initialization and uses the
configuration whose ConfigId matches the PanelId. If the System BIOS does not set a
valid PanelId (for example, panelId = 0), the driver reads a configuration using
ConfigId = 1. (A ConfigId value of 0 is invalid.)
Note:
When setting up a multiple display configuration to be used with the PanelID, do not set
a default configuration. To have no default configuration, select None from the Default
Configuration drop-down menu on the EMGD Package Page. See Section 3.6, “Creating
a New Package” on page 44 for details.
You can override the default behavior by specifying a ConfigId parameter as follows:
HKR,, ConfigId, %REG_DWORD%, %DEFAULT_CONFIG_ID%
In this case, the driver ignores the PanelId returned by the System BIOS. Instead, the
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver uses the configuration information using
the specified ConfigId.
The PcfVersion key is generated automatically by the CED utility and is placed in the
[iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings] section of the .inf file. The default iegd.inf
file already contains the PcfVersion key. Please see Appendix A, “Example INF File”
to view a sample .inf file.
1. These versions of the drivers are not WHQL (Windows Hardware Quality Labs) certified.
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5.2.2
Dual Panel Configuration
Below are the settings required to set the INF file to enable extended display
configurations. Typically, these settings are output from the CED utility. However, the
INF file may also be edited directly. See Table 26 for a description of these settings.
HKR, Config\%DEFAULT_CONFIG_ID%\General, DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 8
HKR, Config\%DEFAULT_CONFIG_ID%\General, PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, “52000”
5.2.3
Chipset Dual Display Example
The table below presents the dual display example for an Intel chipset.
Table 26.
Example of Chipset Dual Display Parameter Setting
Dual Display Combination
5.2.4
Port Order
Internal LVDS + sDVOB
“42000”
sDVOB + Internal LVDS
“24000”
Creating Registry Settings for Graphics Driver INF File
Use CED to configure the driver settings. It generates the following output, which is
then inserted into the graphics driver INF file before driver installation. CED simply
translates the configuration options to the INF file. See Table 21 for details on the
specific settings and values, which also apply to the settings and values of the INF file.
The values of the INF file may also be directly modified. See the example below for
syntax and usage. Also, see Appendix A, “Example INF File” for a complete sample INF
file.
;===============================================================================
[iegd_plb.SoftwareSettings]
AddReg = iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_plb
AddReg = iegd_ICDSoftwareSettings
[iegd_tnc.SoftwareSettings]
AddReg = iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_tnc
AddReg = iegd_ICDSoftwareSettings
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------[iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_plb]
HKR,, InstalledDisplayDrivers, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, iegddis
HKR,, MultiFunctionSupported, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, 1
HKR,, VgaCompatible, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PcfVersion,
%REG_DWORD%, 0x0700
HKR,, ConfigId, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1 , name, %REG_SZ%, "US15"
ALL\1\General , DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\General , DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\General , PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, "24000"
ALL\1\General , DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "LVDS10x7"
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\4\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , bkltmethod, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT1, %REG_DWORD%, 60
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT2, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT3, %REG_DWORD%, 200
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Intel® EMGD—Configuring and Installing Microsoft Windows Drivers
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT4, %REG_DWORD%, 50
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT5, %REG_DWORD%, 400
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , PixelClock, %REG_DWORD%, 65000
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzActive, %REG_DWORD%, 1024
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSync, %REG_DWORD%, 24
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 136
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 320
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertActive, %REG_DWORD%, 768
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSync, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 6
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 38
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , Flags, %REG_DWORD%, 0x20000
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 27, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 26, %REG_DWORD%, 18
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 60, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\2\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "SDVOB"
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\2\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,, No_D3D, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PortDrivers, %REG_SZ%, "sdvo lvds"
HKR, ALL\1\General, DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
HKCU,"Software\Microsoft\Avalon.Graphics",,,""
HKCU,"Software\Microsoft\Avalon.Graphics",DisableHWAcceleration,%REG_DWORD%, 1
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------[iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_tnc]
HKR,, InstalledDisplayDrivers, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, iegddis
HKR,, MultiFunctionSupported, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, 1
HKR,, VgaCompatible, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PcfVersion,
%REG_DWORD%, 0x0700
HKR,, ConfigId, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1 , name, %REG_SZ%, "Atom_E6xx_13X7"
ALL\1\General , DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\General , DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\General , PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, "24000"
ALL\1\General , DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "LVDS13x7"
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , bkltmethod, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT1, %REG_DWORD%, 60
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT2, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT3, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT4, %REG_DWORD%, 50
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT5, %REG_DWORD%, 400
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , PixelClock, %REG_DWORD%, 72300
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzActive, %REG_DWORD%, 1366
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSync, %REG_DWORD%, 48
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 32
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 160
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertActive, %REG_DWORD%, 768
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSync, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 5
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 22
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , Flags, %REG_DWORD%, 0x20000
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 27, %REG_DWORD%, 0
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HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 26, %REG_DWORD%, 18
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 60, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 70, %REG_DWORD%, 100
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 71, %REG_DWORD%, 20300
ALL\1\Port\2\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "SDVOB"
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\2\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\2 , name, %REG_SZ%, "Atom_E6xx_10X7"
ALL\2\General , DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\General , DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\General , PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, "24000"
ALL\2\General , DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "LVDS10x7"
ALL\2\Port\4\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\2\Port\4\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\2\Port\4\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , bkltmethod, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT1, %REG_DWORD%, 60
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT2, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT3, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT4, %REG_DWORD%, 50
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT5, %REG_DWORD%, 400
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , PixelClock, %REG_DWORD%, 65000
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzActive, %REG_DWORD%, 1024
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSync, %REG_DWORD%, 24
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 136
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 320
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertActive, %REG_DWORD%, 768
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSync, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 6
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 38
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , Flags, %REG_DWORD%, 0x20000
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 27, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 26, %REG_DWORD%, 18
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 60, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 70, %REG_DWORD%, 100
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 71, %REG_DWORD%, 20300
ALL\2\Port\2\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "SDVOB"
ALL\2\Port\2\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\2\Port\2\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\2\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\2\Port\2\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\2\Port\2\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,, No_D3D, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PortDrivers, %REG_SZ%, "sdvo lvds"
HKR, ALL\1\General, DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------[iegd_ICDSoftwareSettings]
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis", DLL,
%REG_SZ%, iegdglga
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis",
DriverVersion, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis", Flags,
%REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis",
Version, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000002
;===============================================================================
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Intel® EMGD—Configuring and Installing Microsoft Windows Drivers
[Strings]
;---------------------------------------------------------------------; Localizable Strings
;---------------------------------------------------------------------Intel="Intel Corporation"
DiskDesc="Embedded Installation"
i900G0="US15 Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Function 0"
iTNC0="Atom™ E6xx Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Function 0"
iTNC1="Atom™ E6xx Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Extension"
;---------------------------------------------------------------------; Non Localizable Strings
;---------------------------------------------------------------------SERVICE_BOOT_START
= 0x0
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
= 0x1
SERVICE_AUTO_START
= 0x2
SERVICE_DEMAND_START
= 0x3
SERVICE_DISABLED
= 0x4
SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
= 0x1
SERVICE_ERROR_IGNORE
SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
SERVICE_ERROR_SEVERE
SERVICE_ERROR_CRITICAL
=
=
=
=
REG_EXPAND_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_DWORD
REG_SZ
5.2.5
=
=
=
=
0x0;
0x1;
0x2;
0x3;
Continue on driver load fail
Display warn, but continue
Attempt LastKnownGood
Attempt LastKnownGood, BugCheck
0x00020000
0x00010000
0x00010001
0x00000000
Dynamic Port Driver Configuration
The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver supports many third-party digital
transmitters connected to the sDVO ports of the SCH though device drivers called port
drivers. These port drivers are dynamically loaded at startup. The driver configuration
can be modified to add or remove availability of specific port drivers.
This section describes the portions of the iegd.inf file that can be modified to either
add or remove a port driver for the Microsoft Windows version of the Intel® Embedded
Media and Graphics Driver.
5.2.5.1
iegd.PortDrvs_xxx
The first step in either adding or removing a port driver is to identify the family of the
chipset you are using. Next locate the appropriate [iegd.PortDrvs_xxx] section for
your graphics family. Below are the default settings for the blocks of associated port
drivers for a particular graphics chipset family:
[iegd.PortDrvs_plb]
sdvo.sys
lvds.sys
[iegd.PortDrvs_tnc]
sdvo.sys
lvds.sys
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To remove one or more port drivers, delete the associated line from the
iegd.PortDrvs_xxx block. To add a port driver, add the associated line into the
appropriate iegd.PortDrvs_xxx block. For example, to add a new port driver for a
device named “NewPD”, add the following line to the iegd.PortDrvs_alm block:
NewPD.sys
5.2.5.2
SourceDisksFiles
To either add or remove a port driver, identify the specific port driver file names in the
SourceDisksFiles blocks. The default settings are as follows:
[SourceDisksFiles]
iegdmini.sys
= 1
iegdckey.vp
= 1
iegdmsys.vp
= 1
iegdcagt.cpa
= 1
iegdcagt.vp
= 1
iegddis.dll
= 1
iegd3dga.dll
= 1
iegdglga.dll
= 1
libGLES_CM.dll = 1
libGLESv2.dll = 1
lvds.sys
= 1
sdvo.sys
= 1
sdvo.vp
= 1
lvds.vp
= 1
To remove a port driver, delete the associated line in the [SourceDisksFiles]
block. To add a port driver, add the associated line to the block. For example, to add a
port driver for a device whose driver is named NewPD.sys, add the following line:
NewPD.sys
5.2.5.3
= 1
PortDrivers Registry Key
Modify the registry key in the appropriate [iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_xxx]
section that defines the list of available port drivers. Below are the default values of this
registry key in the iegd.inf file:
For the [iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_tnc] block:
HKR,, PortDrivers, %REG_SZ%, “sdvo lvds”
Remove or add port driver names as appropriate to the list of port drivers specified
within the quoted string. For example, to add support for a new port driver named
“NewPD”, the registry key would be defined as follows:
HKR,, PortDrivers, %REG_SZ%, "lvds NewPD"
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5.2.6
Changing Default Display Mode
After installing the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, Microsoft Windows
selects a default display mode for the initial startup of the system. This is an 800 x 600
resolution in 8-bit, 16-bit, or even 32-bit color mode.
In some cases, particularly with EDID-less LVDS displays, the 640 x 480 resolution may
not be supported, so the default mode selected by Microsoft Windows must be
changed. Otherwise, the display may not work after installation of the Intel®
Embedded Media and Graphics Driver.
This default mode can be changed by adding the following registry keys to the
[iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings]section of the iegd.inf file:
HKR,,
HKR,,
HKR,,
HKR,,
DefaultSettings.XResolution,
DefaultSettings.YResolution,
DefaultSettings.BitsPerPel,
DefaultSettings.VRefresh,
%REG_DWORD%,
%REG_DWORD%,
%REG_DWORD%,
%REG_DWORD%,
1024
768
32
60
The example above makes the default resolution 1024 x 768, with a 32-bit color depth
and a refresh rate of 60 MHz.
5.2.7
Creating an .sld file for Microsoft Windows XP Embedded
Systems
Microsoft Windows XP Embedded* operating systems require the use of an .sld
(system level definitions) file. The following steps detail how to create such a file for
Intel® EMGD from your custom iegd.inf file that you created using CED.
1. Run Component Designer.
2. In the File menu, select Import.
3. In the Choose File for Import dialog, select Setup Information files (*.inf). in
the File of type drop-down list.
4. Select iegd.inf from installation directory.
5. In the Inf Processing Options dialog, select Automatic in the Parsing Options
dialog and click OK.
6. Click Start in the Import File dialog box. Close the dialog on completion. There
should not be any errors.
7. If there are no errors, Save the .sld file.
8. Run Component Database Manager and import the .sld file created above.
Note:
Multiple versions will be created.
9. To move the binaries, copy the Intel® EMGD/driver files into the root repository:
\Windows Embedded Data\Repository
10. In Target Designer, all Intel® EMGD files are found under
Hardware\Devices\Display Adapters and can be selected by dragging and
dropping into your build.
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5.3
Installing the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
on Microsoft Windows
You can install and uninstall the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver on a
Microsoft Windows system by using the setup.exe program located in the
IEMGD_HEAD_Windows\Utilities folder. The following procedure shows how to
install the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver. Section 5.4, “Uninstalling the
Current Version of the Driver” on page 94 provides instructions for uninstalling the
current version of the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver.
5.3.1
Silent Installation
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver supports silent installation through an
option in setup.exe. With command line installation, add the parameter “/s” (case
insensitive), for example setup.exe /s at the command prompt. When this option is
used, the installation does not display any messages or splash screen except the
warning messages about Intel® EMGD not being WHQL compliant. After the silent
installation, a message box prompts the user to reboot the system.
Note:
To disable the Windows WHQL compliance warning messages, use the Windows
System Properties -> Hardware -> Driver Signing -> Ignore option.
To allow silent installation with an automatic reboot but without the reboot dialog box
stopping the installation, use the option “/r” following the setup.exe command, for
example, setup.exe /r. When the driver installation completes, the system will
automatically reboot without any prompts.
To allow silent installation without the reboot dialog box stopping the installation, use
the option “/nr” following the setup.exe command, for example, setup.exe /nr. This
will allow you to do any additional installation or other steps before rebooting. Your
install process or the end user will be responsible to do their own reboot without being
prompted that a reboot is necessary.
5.4
Uninstalling the Current Version of the Driver
You can use the setup.exe Microsoft Windows GUI program to remove the driver from
your system. When you run the uninstaller program, it removes the following items
from the system:
• The Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
• The .inf and .pnf files from the windows\inf folder.
• The DisplayPage.dll and qt-mt332.dll from the windows\system32 folder
• Data registry items by running regsvr32.exe with the uninstall option.
Warning:
If you have a previous version of the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
installed on your system, you must remove it. Do not use the current version of the
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Install program to uninstall previous
versions of the driver. If you do, unpredictable results may occur. You can use this
program only to uninstall the driver from the current version. Each version of the driver
has its own version of the installer/uninstaller utility.
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1. Click the setup.exe icon located in the Utilities subfolder of the Windows
folder.
2. In the dialog box, select Uninstalls driver and application files, and then click
Next. The following prompt appears:
3. Click Yes to remove the driver. A progress bar displays and when the driver has
been removed, the following screen appears.
4. To complete the uninstallation, you must restart your system. If you want to restart
your system now, click Yes in the following dialog box.
5.5
Runtime Operation
Resolution, refresh rate, and color bit depth can be changed after installation and
reboot via a Microsoft Windows display property sheet. Other operations such as
enabling and disabling ports (display output), rotation, port configuration, and attribute
control are accessible via the standard display driver escape protocol.
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5.6
Viewing and Changing the Driver Configuration from
Microsoft Windows
Note:
For correct display, EMGDGUI requires the MS Sans Serif(8) font to be installed in the
system font folder.
You can change certain configuration attributes of the Intel® Embedded Media and
Graphics Driver using the emgdgui.exe program located in the \Utilities folder.
On Microsoft Windows XP systems, you can access the Intel® Embedded Media and
Graphics Driver configuration on the display properties setting tab. This program
launches the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Configuration GUI that
consists of the following four tabs:
• Driver Info — Contains the driver information.
• Display Config — Contains current display information and allows configuration of
display configurations, display resolutions and bit depth for primary and secondary
displays, flip, rotation, and enabling/disabling for a given port.
• Display Attributes — Contains the supported Port Driver (PD) attributes and
allows configuration of PD attributes.
• Color Correction — Contains color-correction information for the framebuffer and
overlay. Using this tab, you can change the framebuffer and overlay color settings.
To view or change the driver settings using the GUI interface, follow this procedure.
1. Double-click the emgdgui.exe icon in the Utilities folder.
To change display configuration, mode, and display setting, select Display Config.
Figure 28.
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Driver Info Tab
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2. Click the Display Config tab to show the current configuration.
Figure 29.
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Config Tab
The Display Status section of the above dialog shows the current configuration for
the Primary and Secondary displays.
3. The “Swap Primary Display” option allows you to swap the port order for primary
and secondary displays.
4. In the Display Configuration section of the dialog, select the required display
configuration in the Display Config drop-down list. This allows the user to choose
between Single, Clone, and Extended for all connected ports. A maximum of two
ports per display configuration is currently allowed.
5. In the Primary Mode and Secondary Mode sections of the dialog, change
resolution and bit depth of the primary and secondary displays via the Resolution
and Bit Depth drop-down lists.
6. In the Display Settings section of the dialog, view and change the settings for a
port, rotate and flip the display via the appropriate drop-down lists:
— Port: Allows you to select the required port.
— Port Status: Allows you to enable or disable the selected port. May not be
available if there is only one currently active port.
— Rotate: You can rotate the display 0, 90, 180, and 270 degrees.
— Flip: Inverts the display horizontally.
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Note:
If you change any configuration settings in the Display Config dialog box, click Apply
for the changes to take effect.
7. Click the Display Attributes tab to view and change the attributes for a port. The
screen that appears depends upon the port drivers used.
Figure 30.
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Attributes Tab
The figure above shows the attributes that can be changed for the selected port in
the Port drop-down list. You can change the Port Driver by selecting the
appropriate one for your device. The attributes that appear on this tab depend
upon the selected port driver. Please see Appendix B, “Port Driver Attributes,” for a
complete list of port driver attributes.
8. Click the Color Correction tab to view and change color corrections. Figure 31
shows a sample Color Correction tab screen.
Color Correction is available for both overlays and framebuffers.
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Figure 31.
Example Runtime Configuration GUI — Color Correction Tab
Table 27.
Framebuffer Color Correction Values (applies to R, G, B color)
Gamma:
Table 28.
0.6 to 6.0 (default value is 1)
Brightness:
-127 to 127 (default value is 0)
Contrast:
-127 to 127 (default value is 0)
Overlay Color Correction Values (applies to ALL color)
Gamma:
0.6 to 6.0 (default value is 1)
Brightness:
0 to 200 (default value is 100)
Contrast:
0 to 200 (default value is 100)
Saturation:
0 to 200 (default value is 100)
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The following sub-steps present an example color-correction procedure:
a.
Select Framebuffer in the Surface section and select the appropriate port for
the color correction to be applied to or select Overlay in the Surface section for
color correction to be applied to the overlay.
b.
Select the required color to be corrected in the Color section.
c.
Select the required color attribute to be corrected in the Gamma Correction
section.
d.
Click Restore Defaults to restore the default values.
Note:
Note:
If you make any changes to the color-correction settings, click Apply to have
the changes take effect.
The hardware does not support brightness, saturation, and contrast of the overlay and
second overlay with RGB pixel format.
§§
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6.0
Configuring and Building Intel® EMGD for
Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7
6.1
Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7 Installation
The following sections describe how to install Intel® EMGD on the Microsoft Windows*
Embedded Compact 7 operating system.
6.1.1
Prerequisites
The development system should have the following software installed:
• Visual Studio* 2008 and Visual Studio Professional Service Pack 1
• Windows* Embedded Compact 7
• Board Support Package (BSP) - version 3.1 (see Section 6.1.2.1, “Installation and
Setup” on page 102 for download location)
The target system must contain one of the following Intel chipsets:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Notes:
When using a platform based on the Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx, for proper driver
operation you must:
1. Replace the default VBIOS with the latest EMGD VBIOS.
2. Install the latest Intel® EMGD XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7 software
package as described in Section 6.1.3.2, “Installing Intel® EMGD DirectShow
Codecs” on page 105.
6.1.2
Platform Builder Requirements
You must configure your Platform Builder parameters specific to the options that the
system and image require, for example, options for the operating system. A Board
Support Package (BSP) is also required however, configuration steps for the BSP are
beyond the scope of this procedure. An Intel® BSP can be used or the Windows
Embedded Compact 7 PC PSP that is included with Platform Builder.
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6.1.2.1
Installation and Setup
Note:
The installation sequences are crucial for compilation success.
1. Install Visual Studio 2008 Professional.
2. Install Visual Studio 2008 Professional Service Pack 1.
3. Install Windows Embedded Compact 7 platform builder.
In the SETUP dialog during installation, select x86 in the processor architecture
section.
4. Install Board Support Package (BSP); v3.1 is required. Download the BSP from
BSquare at:
http://www.bsquare.com/software-downloads.aspx
or Adeneo at:
http://www.adeneo-embedded.com/Products/Board-Support-Packages/Intel
Note:
You need to register before you are able to download.
5. Download Intel® EMGD for XP/Linux/Windows Embedded Compact 7 from the Intel
EDC website: edc.intel.com. For assistance on using CED, refer to Section 3.0.
6. Generate a driver for your platform.
7. Unzip and copy the contents of the Driver folder from the zip to C:\Driver.
8. Copy and unzip the codecs to a folder on your hard drive. For illustration purposes,
assume the folders have been copied to C:\Driver\Codecs
Note:
See Section 6.1.3.2 for instructions to request the Codecs through QuAD.
9. After installation is complete, change directories:
cd C:\WinCE700\Platform\Intel_CS
10. Edit Intel_cs.bat:
a.
Change BSP_DISPLAY_FLAT= 1
to
BSP_DISPLAY_FLAT=
b.
On a new line below set BSP_DISPLAY_FLAT=
add a new line:
set BSP_DISPLAY_EMGD=1
c.
Save and close the file.
11. Change directories:
cd C:\WinCE700\Platform\Intel_CS\Files
12. Edit Platform.reg:
a.
From the C:\WinCE700\platform\INTEL_CS\FILES folder, open the file
platform.reg.
b.
Find the lines ENDIF BSP_DISPLAY_RAGEXL and
ENDIF BSP_NODISPLAY !. Between these two lines, paste the following code:
IF BSP_DISPLAY_EMGD
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI\DisplayCandidates]
"Candidate6"="Drivers\\Display\\Intel"
[$(PCI_BUS_ROOT)\Template\EMGD]
"DisplayDll"="ddi_emgd.dll"
"Class"=dword:03
"SubClass"=dword:00
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"ProgIF"=dword:00
"VendorID"=multi_sz:"8086",
"8086", "8086", "8086", "8086",
"8086", "8086", "8086", "8086",
"8086", "8086", "8086", "8086",
"8086", "8086", "8086"
"DeviceID"=multi_sz:"3582",
"3577", "1132", "7125", "7123",
"2592", "2792", "2772", "2776",
"2983", "29A2", "29A3", "2992",
"2A12", "8108", "4108"
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"8086",
"2572",
"7121",
"27A2",
"2993",
"2562",
"2582",
"27A6",
"2972",
"357B",
"2782",
"2982",
"2973",
; include the path to the emgd.reg file in the release
package
#include "C:\Driver\emgd.reg"
#include "C:\Driver\Codecs\emgd_filters.reg"
ENDIF BSP_DISPLAY_EMGD
13. Edit Platform.bib and at the end of the file, add the following lines. (Note that
indented lines below indicate that lines have wrapped; however, they should be
entered into Platform.bib as one line.)
IF BSP_DISPLAY_EMGD
ddi_emgd.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\ddi_emgd.dll NK SH
libegl.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\libegl.dll NK SH
isr_emgd.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\isr_emgd.dll NK SH
lvds.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\lvds.dll NK SH
sdvo.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\sdvo.dll NK SH
libGLESv2.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\libGLESv2.dll NK SH
libGLES_CM.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\libGLES_CM.dll NK SH
libOpenGL.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\libOpenGL.dll NK SH
libOpenVG.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\libOpenVG.dll NK SH
aac_dec_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver
path>\Codecs\aac_dec_filter.dll NK SH
ac3_dec_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver
path>\Codecs\ac3_dec_filter.dll NK SH
mp3_dec_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver
path>\Codecs\mp3_dec_filter.dll NK SH
h264_dec_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\Codecs\
h264_dec_filter.dll NK SH
mpeg2_dec_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\Codecs\
mpeg2_dec_filter.dll NK SH
mpeg2_spl_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\Codecs\
mpeg2_spl_filter.dll NK SH
mpeg4_dec_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\Codecs\
mpeg4_dec_filter.dll NK SH
mpeg4_spl_filter.dll C:\<EMGD driver path>\Codecs\
mpeg4_spl_filter.dll NK SH
ENDIF BSP_DISPLAY_EMGD
where <EMGD driver path> is replaced with the actual path for Intel® EMGD, for
example, C:\Driver\.... This tells the BSP where to find the EMGD driver files.
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14. Check that all the paths edited in steps 12 and 13 are valid. If not, do a manual
search for the file concerned and adjust the path accordingly.
15. Intel® EMGD does not support compositor in Windows Embedded Compact 7,
however, the default setting in Platform Builder has compositor enabled. To disable
it, after creating a new project in Platform Builder, use the Catalog Items View
search function to find and disable the following settings IN ORDER:
— SYSGEN_VIDEO_PLAYER
— SYSGEN_PHOTO_VIEWER
— SYSGEN_COMPOSITION
— SYSGEN_DSHOW_MPEG2DEMUX
— SYSGEN_DSHOW_MP4DEMUX
16. Your image is ready to be built in Visual Studio 2008.
6.1.3
Integrating Intel® EMGD DirectX DirectShow Codecs
6.1.3.1
Intel® EMGD DirectShow Codecs Overview
Microsoft's DirectX DirectShow infrastructure provides a standardized interface for
middleware audio-video codec software libraries to expose features for accelerating
video and audio processing. This infrastructure does not differentiate between
hardware and software acceleration but the middleware codec libraries have the choice
of employing either method. For the purpose of enabling hardware accelerated video
decode on Windows Embedded Compact 7, the Intel® EMGD Windows Embedded
Compact 7 DirectShow filters are provided in the form of middleware codec libraries
(DLLs) that will interface with the Intel® EMGD Windows Embedded Compact 7 driver
to operate.
The Intel® EMGD DirectShow package includes the following Windows Embedded
Compact 7 codecs that are DirectShow transform filters in .dll binary form:
• mpeg2_dec_filter.dll
• mpeg2_spl_filter.dll
• mpeg4_dec_filter.dll
• mp3_dec_filter.dll
• mpeg4_spl_filter.dll
• h264_dec_filter.dll
• aac_dec_filter.dll
• ac3_dec_filter.dll
The codecs with “spl” are splitter codecs.
Notes:
Intel® EMGD DirectShow codecs are supported only on the Windows Embedded
Compact 7 operating system.
Intel® EMGD splitter filters can connect with most source filters but have been verified
to connect only with Intel® EMGD transform filters on its downstream pins. The same
case is true with respect to Intel® EMGD transform filter connection with upstream
splitter filters.
Important:
Intel® EMGD audio and video codec filters work only with Intel® EMGD splitter filters. If
these codecs are installed properly into the Windows Embedded Compact 7 OS image
(via registry changes), the vplayer.exe is able to load and use Intel® EMGD codecs
without any help.
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6.1.3.2
Installing Intel® EMGD DirectShow Codecs
Prerequisites:
• At least 512 MB RAM for the target system. The hardware video decode
performance depends on what other processes are being run on the system.
• The target system must contain the chipset or processor that supports the video
engine.
• Include Intel® EMGD Graphics Driver in the Windows Embedded Compact 7 OS
image per the appropriate installation instructions in Section 6.1.2.1, “Installation
and Setup” on page 102.
For the latest EVALUATION ONLY versions of the Intel® EMGD DirectShow codecs,
contact your Intel FAE or open a QuAD case and request the codecs.
After you have the codec package, follow these steps to set up the Intel® EMGD
DirectShow codecs:
1. Ensure that the Intel® EMGD DirectShow codecs are included in the Windows
Embedded Compact 7 OS image. You do this by including it into either the
platform.bib or project.bib file. See Section 6.1.2.1, step 13 for an
example.
2. Ensure that the emgd_filters.reg file is included into the image registry. You do
this by including it into either the platform.reg or project.reg file. See
Section 6.1.2.1, end of step 12 for an example.
3. Set the backbuffers required for Intel® EMGD Codecs on the Microsoft video
renderer filter for smoother performance by changing the following registry key:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\DirectX\DirectShow\Video Renderer]
“MaxBackBuffers”=dword:X
where X is the current value that you need to change to equal to or greater than 5.
4. For smoother playback and lower CPU utilization, ensure you use interrupts with
Intel® EMGD if available. See Section 6.1.2.1, “Installation and Setup” on page 102
for details.
6.2
Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7 Configuration
The following sections describe how to configure the Intel® EMGD on the Microsoft
Windows* Embedded Compact 7 operating system. All the Intel® EMGD-specific
registry keys are located within the path
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\DRIVERS\Display\Intel]
All keys use one of the following syntax:
“<keyname>”=dword:<value>,
or
“<keyname>” = <value>
where <value> in the second case is a string in double quotes.
Note:
Unless specified otherwise, the “value” field is in hex format.
The emgd.reg file contains display configuration registry entries for the Intel® EMGD.
A sample emgd.reg file is provided along with the driver package. The content of this
file may be included through the “#include” directive in platform.reg (see Section
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6.1.2.1, “Installation and Setup” on page 102), or it may be copied into the proper
section in platform.reg.
6.2.1
Basic Driver Configuration
This section discusses basic driver configuration keys located in
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\General].
The table below lists the keys in the “Intel” folder.
Table 29.
[HKLM\DRIVERS\Display\Intel] Registry Keys
Registry Entry
6.2.1.1
Description
Possible Ranges
PCFversion
Specifies the version of the current
configuration file.
400 or 700
ConfigId
This selects the configuration set.
1, 2, 3, 4, or 5
PortDrivers
List of port drivers to be dynamically
loaded when the system boots. The
dll’s must exist in the C:\Windows
directory. sDVO transmitter port
drivers to load when the system boots.
Space separated string enclosed in
quotes, where each port driver name is
listed in the string. The default string
included with the release has all
supported port drivers.
Graphics Memory Configuration
The Intel Embedded Graphics Suite (IEGS = VBIOS + Graphics driver) provides the
ability to dedicate additional memory for graphics functions on the Microsoft Windows*
Embedded Compact 7 platform. This is known as reserved memory. Firmware selects
the amount of reserved memory. The reservation size is passed to the graphics driver
through a scratch register available on the GMCH. Reserved memory helps minimize
the amount of memory stolen from the OS for memory-limited, embedded systems.
For instance, if firmware uses a 640 x 480, 32-bit framebuffer, a total of 1.2 MB is
required. Stolen memory would need to be configured as 8 MB or higher, since the next
smaller option is only 1 MB, too small for the 640 x 480, 32-bit framebuffer. In such a
case, stolen memory can be programmed to 1 MB. Reserved memory can provide the
additional memory required for the framebuffer, removing only a minimum amount of
memory from the OS.
Note:
Reserved memory is only available on the Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact 7
operating system, and must be accounted for in the config.bib memory layout file.
Additionally, one can configure the Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact 7 display
driver for either static or dynamic allocation of video memory. The static model
preallocates physical memory for the display driver and provides a more efficient
surface allocation scheme. The dynamic model allocates surface memory on demand
from the system and will incur a small performance hit. However, the dynamic model
has the advantage of deallocation of video memory when not required, thus making it
available to other applications.
The static memory model requires a base and size specification registered in the
project.reg file. The base + size must reach to top of memory (TOM). Since this is
not required to be specified in the config.bib memory map, care must be taken not to
overlap any other memory arenas with the static allocation. See Section 6.2.1.2,
“Defining Graphics Memory Size” on page 107 for further details on how to configure
the static memory model.
Figure 32 shows a typical memory map, using a static memory model.
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Figure 32.
Typical Memory Map Using Static Memory Model
6.2.1.2
Defining Graphics Memory Size
The driver supports the ability to allocate graphics memory dynamically by sharing
system resources with the operating system or statically by pre-allocating a block of
system memory to be used exclusively by the graphics driver.
To configure the driver to operate using static video memory, two registry settings
“ReservedMemoryBase” and “ReservedMemorySize” need to be enabled and defined
with valid values. These two registry entries control the start address and size of the
memory range pre-allocated for graphics driver use. The pre-allocated memory range
should include the stolen memory (BIOS setting). For the Intel chipset or processor,
this feature does not reuse the stolen video memory reserved by BIOS. Intel
recommends getting BIOS to limit this to the smallest size as this memory is wasted
due to some combined OS and hardware limitation.
For example, on a system with 512 MB of system memory and 4 MB of stolen memory
(BIOS option), if an additional 14 MB of graphics memory (for a total of 18 MB) is
desired, these settings should be used.
“ReservedMemoryBase”=dword:1E400000
“ReservedMemorySize”=dword:01C00000
These settings indicate that the managed graphics memory pool will begin at physical
address 0x1E400000 (484 MB) and will be 18 MB in size. The base address,
“ReservedMemoryBase,” is the physical system address value and the stolen memory
from the BIOS settings is included.
Check the platform you are using to ensure you have all the stolen memory taken into
account. For example, in the case of the Cobra board that uses Intel's ACSFL firmware,
2 MB of stolen video memory needs to be included in this configuration. Always
remember to include the amount of stolen memory in this number.
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Besides the registry entry, the Platform Builder working project also needs to be
updated to ensure that the kernel does not try to access this stolen memory. Two items
in the config.bib of the project workspace need editing: the NK image/RAM memory
partitioning and the memory reservation list. Using the example of the registry
configurations above, the kernel would have to be configured not to use the physical
memory above the 484 MB mark since that's where the static video memory begins.
Thus, the total of the NK image and the system's available RAM must be no more than
484 MB, so you must change your config.bib accordingly:
NK
80220000 009BE0000 RAMIMAGE ;14 MB for nk.bin + misc.
RAM
80C00000 1DA00000 RAM ;42 MB for RAM
The NK.BIN image plus the lower conventional memory DMA buffers used by Windows
Embedded Compact 7 takes 10 MB; 474 MB is for the RAM. Thus, the memory area
above the 484 MB mark is untouched by the kernel and will be used by the display
driver.
Overall solution from above example settings in terms of physical system memory
viewpoint:
64 MB
64 MB
Stolen Memory
Reserved Static
Pool (Vmem)
The config.bib
will configure the
kernel on which
memory areas
are available to
the OS; the
registry will
configure the
display driver on
video memory
range
0 MB
Config.bib
defined RAM
for
Windows CE
OS = 42 MB
0 MB
Original RAM View
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Video
memory
including
stolen
memory
Memory
area for
Windows
CE.NET
OS
Config.bib
defined RAM
for Windows CE
NK = 14 MB
New RAM view
after device boot to
Windows CE.NET
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6.2.1.3
Framebuffer and Video Surface Size
Two additional optional registry settings are available to limit the framebuffer size of
the display driver and the total size of offscreen video surfaces.
The MaxFbSize registry entry will control the maximum size of the framebuffer only.
Actual usage will depend on the mode being used.
The PageReqLimit registry entry will control the total size in pages (4 KB) of all video
surfaces, buffers allocated for any use. Both of these registry configurations apply to
both the static as well as dynamic video memory management explained in the
previous section. The default below indicates that a maximum of 2 MB are used for the
framebuffer and a maximum of 16 MB are permitted for all offscreen videosurface
allocations.
"MaxFbSize"=dword:200000
"PageReqLimit"=dword:1000
In the case of Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact 7, because the OS does not allow
for dynamically setting the framebuffer size, the MaxFbSize can be changed to match
the mode setting being used in order to minimize on video memory waste. The
following are different suggested values for MaxFbSize for different display modes.
These values have not been validated. Note that 640x480 is calculated as 640x512 and
800x600 is calculated as 800x768 for stride alignment purposes.
640x512X16 = A0000
640x512X24 = F0000
640x512X32 = 140000
800x768X16 = 12C000
800x768X24 = 1C2000
800x768X32 = 258000
1024x768X16 = 180000
1024x768X24 = 240000
1024x768X32 = 300000
1280x1024x16 = A000000
1280x1024x32 = A000000
6.2.1.4
Video Surface Allocation Rule
Another two optional registry entries determine a minimum width and height that allow
video surface allocations to succeed.
In Windows Embedded Compact 7 GDI, video surface allocations can happen with a
REQUIRE_VIDEO _MEMORY or a PREFER_VIDEO_MEMORY flag. The following options
will force surface allocations with the PREFER_VIDEO_MEMORY flag to be allocated in
system memory if the width and height are lower than stated.
The “MinVidSurfX” registry entry defines the minimum width of a surface allocation for
it to succeed with video memory. “MinVidSurfY” defines the minimum height. The
surface allocation will succeed if either the width or the height is at the required
minimum.
"MinVidSurfX"=dword:10
“MinVidSurfY”=dword:10
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In this example, surfaces allocated with the PREFER_VIDEO_MEMORY where the width
and height are both less than 16 pixels are forced to be in system memory.
This option increases performance of the display device as smaller video images, such
as icons, would be kept in system memory and only blitted onto the visible frame buffer
when they are needed. This ensures optimal use of the display device for larger video
surfaces where acceleration makes sense.
6.2.1.5
System to Video Stretch Blit
System to Video Memory stretch blits are not natively supported on Intel GMCH
devices. This feature allows you to enable a soft copy of system surfaces to video
surfaces to conduct an accelerated stretch blit. The advantage is that the stretch blit
uses the blend engine and hardware filtering can be applied. The filtering options are
listed in Section 6.2.2.
A value of 1 for the “SysToVidStretch” enables system-to-video stretch blits, as
described above, while a value of 0, disables this feature and forwards all system to
video stretch blits to the emulator provided by the operating system.
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\General]
"SysToVidStretch"=dword:0
6.2.1.6
emgd.reg File Backward Compatibility
Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver expects a configuration file in the
PCFVersion 700 format. However, the driver currently supports backward compatibility
with version 4.0. This support is not guaranteed, and will be discontinued at a later
release. This support is implemented through the PcfVersion key as shown below:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\General]
"PcfVersion"=dword:400
Intel® EMGD uses this key to determine the format of the configuration file. When this
key is present, Intel® EMGD parses the configuration file using the format specified by
the key (400 or 700). If this key is not present, then Intel® EMGD assumes 4.0 format.
6.2.2
Configuration Sets
The Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers allows multiple configuration sets for OEMs who
want to use the same emgd.reg file across different platforms. There can be up to 16
instances of configurations. The registry key described in the previous section,
ConfigId, ensures the display driver selects the right instance. Each instance may
contain multiple groups of per-config and per-config+per-port platform customizations.
The configuration sets are defined in the registry tree as
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\<platform>\<config id>],
Where <config id> is the configuration number. The “ConfigID” key described in the
previous section selects the active configuration set.
6.2.3
General Configuration
Registry keys described in this section can be found in
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\<platform>\<config id>\], where
<config id> is the configuration number, and where <platform> is Atom E6xx. The
driver first attempts to find the configuration or platform on which it is booted, but if
the configuration for that platform is not present, the driver uses the ALL platform
setting.
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Table 30.
[HKLM\Drivers\Display\Intel\<platform>\<config id>\]Registry Keys
(Sheet 1 of 2)
Registry Entry
Description
Possible Ranges
Width
Width of the display
Width and Height must be expressed as
hexadecimal values. For example:
1024 x 768: 400 x 300
800 x 600: 320 x 258
640 x 480: 280 x 1E0
Height
Height of the display
See above.
Color depth in bpp (bits per pixel)
Depth must be expressed as a
hexadecimal number and must be one of
the following values:
8bpp: 8
16bpp: 10
24bpp: 18
32bpp: 20
(Note that the Intel 915 chipsets do not
support 24 bpp.)
Depth
Refresh
The refresh rate of the display.
Refresh rate must be in hex:
60 : 3c
70 : 46
75 : 4b
85 : 55
etc...
This value can be any valid refresh rate
as long as the display port supports it. A
refresh of '0' takes the first refresh that
matches width, height and depth.
Specify whether to enable D3D.
0 = Enable D3D
1 = Disable D3D
Default is 0.
ReservedMemoryBase
ReservedMemorySize
Video memory can be statically
reserved or dynamically allocated on
demand. If both ReservedMemoryBase
and ReservedMemorySize are nonzero, then Video memory allocation
uses the static model.
The ReservedMemoryBase plus the
ReservedMemorySize must extend to the
TOM (Top Of Memory) and not conflict
with other reserved memory arenas in
config.bib. Default for both base and size
is zero, indicating a dynamic allocation
model.
Default behavior disables static memory
model.
MaxFbSize
Maximum size of the expected
framebuffer. By providing this hint, the
display driver can more efficiently
organize GART memory, leading to a
smaller video memory consumption.
Must be greater than or equal to the
expected size of framebuffer. Units are in
bytes. Specifying zero causes the default
framebuffer reservation sizing.
Default:
All other chipsets: 16 MB
MinVidSurfX
MinVidSurfY
In pixels, the minimum width and
height of surfaces in order to be
acceptable for allocation in Video
memory. Due to hardware restrictions
that optimize memory access, it is
advisable to reserve video memory for
larger surfaces and allow GDI and
DirectDraw* to allocate small surfaces
from system memory.
No limitations. Suggested values for both
width and height are 10. Default value
for both width and height is 1.
Default:
MinVidSurfX = 1
MinVidSurfY = 1
ReUseStolenMemory
The dynamic memory option allows
the user to choose whether they want
to use the memory stolen by the BIOS
or if they want to scrap that memory
and re-allocate memory dynamically.
dword:0 = Disabled
dword:1 = Enabled
Default: dword:1
NO_D3D
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Table 30.
[HKLM\Drivers\Display\Intel\<platform>\<config id>\]Registry Keys
(Sheet 2 of 2)
Registry Entry
6.2.3.1
Description
Possible Ranges
SysToVidStretch
Enables system-to-video memory
stretch blit operations to take
advantage of hardware-accelerated
filtering. Normally, it is more efficient
to allow GDI to conduct system-tovideo stretch blits, but the default
filtering used by GDI is Nearest.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Default: 0
BlendFilter
Provides selection of hardwareaccelerated filtering methods for
stretch blit operations.
0 = Nearest
1 = Bilinear
2 = Anisotropic
Default: 2
TearFB
If enabled, all blit operations to the
framebuffer are synchronized with
video sync to eliminate any visible
tearing or flickering on the display
screen. Disabling this feature achieves
a performance gain.
0 = Disabled, tearing allowed
1 = Enabled, no visible tearing
Default: 1
OverlayDualVext
Provides selection for enabling two
hardware overlay planes (one for each
screen) to display independent video
stream on each overlay plane. This
selection only applicable in Vertical
Extended Mode on Atom E6xx. Note
that the hardware overlay plane for
each display locks on that screen; the
overlay fails to display if it is crossed
into the wrong screen.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Default: 0
DisplayConfig
The “DisplayConfig” key sets the
display configuration to be in Single,
Clone, or Vertical Extended modes.
(Unlike Microsoft Windows* XP,
Microsoft Windows* Embedded
Compact 7 does not support Extended
mode). It does not, however, dictate
what type of display ports will be used.
1 (single), 2 (clone), 5 (vertical
extended)
DisplayDetect
The “DisplayDetect” key allows the
user to enable a display port only if a
display device is connected. Displays
without EDID will not be detected.
0 = disable
1 = enable
Default: 0
PortOrder
The PortOrder setting ensures the
correct display port types are used
based on user selection.
See Section 6.2.3.1.
PortOrder Information
PortOrder specifies the actual ports that are used for the Primary and Secondary
display. As shown in the table below, the port numbers are slightly different among the
supported chipsets.
Table 31.
PortOrder Information
Port Number
Chipsets
2
sDVO B Port/RGBA Port
4
Internal LVDS Port
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The driver attempts to use the ports in the order specified by “PortOrder”. For example,
“PortOrder” = “42000” will assign the internal LVDS port to the primary display and the
SDVO port to the secondary display (if any), assuming all the ports are present and
detected. Suppose port “4” is not present, in that case the driver tries to assign the
next port (2, in this case) in line to the primary display, resulting in SDVO port for
primary.
Setting PortOrder to “00000” causes the driver to use default internal settings.
*************
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\General]
;------------------------------------; Select Port Order
;------------------------------------“PortOrder”=“54320”
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
6.2.3.2
PortOrder specifies the actual port
that will be taken for the Primary /
Secondary ports if there are duplicates
of the same type. For example, if both
Primary and Secondary are digital, then
port order will determine which sDVO ports
will be first and second. The section below
gives the port order numbers for various chipsets.
Specify value “0000” to use default settings.
On i915 chipsets:
================================
1 - Integrated TV Encoder
2 - sDVO B port/RGBA port
3 - sDVO C port
4 - Internal LVDS port
5 - Analog port
Vertical Extended Mode
The Windows* Embedded Compact 7 Intel® EMGD driver supports Vertical Extended
display mode, which is one large framebuffer that extends across two displays by
doubling the height of resolution. The top half of the framebuffer is on the first pipe and
the bottom half is on the second pipe. The Windows Embedded Compact 7 operating
system is unaware of the two displays. This feature is supported only on the dualpipelined chipsets, which is every supported platform stated in Section 6.1.1.
This feature is enabled through the DisplayConfig key in the project.reg file. The
resolution, bit depth, and refresh rates of both displays must be the same. Vertical and
horizontal panning are not supported. DirectDraw is supported on both pipes, but
DirectDraw 3D must be disabled when Vertical Extended Display mode is enabled.
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6.2.4
Per Port Platform Customization
Intel® EMGD provides what is considered the most useful tools to the embedded
market — per port platform customizations. This includes the following:
• Defining custom DTD panel timings
: PixelClock, HorzActive, HorzSync etc...
• Customized GPIO pin selection for I2C and DDC communication with sDVO
encoders and panels.
:I2cPin, I2cDab, I2cSpeed etc...
• Flat Panel width and height limitations and power and/or backlight control
mechanisms
:BkltMethod, BkltT1, BkltT2, GpioPinVdd etc...
• Port driver specific attribute settings for initialization at boot time.
: Brightness, Contrast, H-Position etc...
All of the above can be set for each individual port depending on the maximum number
of ports the chipset supports. Also, you can have multiple instances of these
configurations to allow different settings per configuration.
The usage model for this per-config, per-port platform customizations follows after the
same options available in the INF registry settings for the Intel Embedded Graphics
Drivers for Microsoft Windows* XP. Please see Figure 6.2.7, “Sample emgd.reg File” on
page 117 or to the provided registry sample file in the Intel® EMGD Windows *
Embedded Compact 7 driver package for examples. The following sections provide
information on these configurations.
6.2.4.1
Per Port Customization — General Port Configuration
This section describes port-specific general configuration options. These options are
located under
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\1\General]
• Edid
This boolean key enables (set to 1) or disables (set to 0) the EdidAvail and
EdidNotAvail keys.
• EdidAvail and EdidNotAvail
These two 16-bit keys control the available timings for the display. If an EDID is
successfully read from the display device, then Intel® EMGD uses the EdidAvail flag
to determine what timings are available. Otherwise, if an EDID cannot be read,
then Intel® EMGD uses the EdidNotAvail key.
Bit #
Value (0 or 1)
0
Disable/Enable driver built-in timings
1
Disable/Enable EDID timings. (Only valid for
the EdidAvail flag)
2
Disable/Enable DTD
3-15
Reserved
• CenterOff
If the selected frame buffer size is smaller than what the Intel® EMGD hardware
can support, by default the frame buffer will be centered with a black border
around it. To explicitly turn off this feature, the user may set the “CenterOff” key to
“1”.
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• Rotation and Flip
Intel® EMGD supports desktop rotation through the “Rotation” key in Single and
Clone mode. Rotation is not supported in Vertical Extended Mode.
The “Rotation” key can be set to one of the four following values.
Degrees
Key Value
0
0 (default)
90
5A
180
B4
270
10E
So, “Rotation”=dword:5A will rotate the frame buffer 90 degrees.
The “Flip” key flips the desktop horizontally, displaying a mirror image. “Flip” is a
boolean value: 1 to enable, 0 to disable.
• Scale
Intel® EMGD can scale the desktop to the output panel using the panel’s DTD or
EDID (in that order). Scaling (attribute ID “18”) is a boolean value, “18”=dword:1
to enable, 0 to disable.
6.2.4.2
Per Port Customization — Custom DTD Timings
For each configuration, each port can be added with up to 255 customized DTD modes.
The following is an example of adding 800x640 mode to the LVDS port when
ConfigId=1 is used.
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\DTD\1]
“PixelClock”=dword:9c40
“HorzActive”=dword:320
“HorzSync”=dword:28
“HorzSyncPulse”=dword:80
“HorzBorder”=dword:0
“HorzBlank”=dword:100
“HorzSize”=dword:0
“VertActive”=dword:280
“VertSync”=dword:1
“VertSyncPulse”=dword:4
“VertBorder”=dword:0
“VertBlank”=dword:1c
“VertSize”=dword:0
“Flags”=dword:1e
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6.2.4.3
Per Port Customization — Custom Flat Panel Controls
Similarly, the flat panel native resolution and power and backlight sequencing controls
can also be configured here.
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\1\FPInfo]
; “BkltMethod”=dword:0
; “BkltT1”=dword:0
; “BkltT2”=dword:0
; “BkltT3”=dword:0
; “BkltT4”=dword:0
; “BkltT5”=dword:0
; “GpioPinVdd”=dword:0
; “GpioPinVee”=dword:0
; “GpioPinBklt”=dword:0
; “BkltEnable”=dword:0
; “UseGMCHClockPin”=dword:0
; “UseGMCHDataPin”=dword:0
Note:
For Per-Config, Per-Port configuration, the subkey path includes the correct “Config”
and “Port” numbers
6.2.4.4
Per Port Customization — Attribute Initialization
Attributes are also per config and per port. However, the actual keys are dependent on
the port driver being used. Below are examples of registry keys associated with
initializing attributes for the Chrontel Port Driver.
For complete information on port driver attributes, refer to Appendix B.
Note:
For Per-Config, Per-Port configuration, the subkey path includes the correct “Config”
and “Port” numbers.
The following example sets the port driver attributes using the attribute IDs. Please see
Table 21, “Parameter Configuration Format” on page 58 for a list of attribute IDs and
their meanings.
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\1\Attr]
“0”=dword:32
“1”=dword:4
“3”=dword:1
“8”=dword:1
“12”=dword:0
“14”=dword:1
“19”=dword:1
6.2.5
Framebuffer Direct Access
Intel® EMGD provides an option for direct access to the framebuffer during runtime
through an escape function call INTEL_ESCAPE_GET_FB_INFO. This feature allows you
to directly access the framebuffer for displaying a customized screen or image, such as
for showing a customized blue screen.
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Refer to the Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers, Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS API Reference Manual for a detailed
description of the INTEL_ESCAPE_GET_FB_INFO function call.
6.2.6
Miscellaneous Configuration Options
This section covers registry settings not in
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel].
6.2.6.1
Text Anti-Aliasing
The Microsoft Windows* Embedded Compact 7 driver supports text anti-aliasing. To
switch it on, add these registry settings:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI\Fontsmoothing]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI]
"ForceGRAY16"=dword:1
Note:
Always turn on Text Anti-Aliasing when using a TV display device.
6.2.7
Sample emgd.reg File
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Filename: emgd.reg
; $Revision: 1.17 $
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; INTEL CONFIDENTIAL
; Copyright (2002-2012) Intel Corporation All Rights Reserved.
; The source code contained or described herein and all documents related
; to the source code (“Material”) are owned by Intel Corporation or its
; suppliers or licensors. Title to the Material remains with Intel
; Corporation or its suppliers and licensors. The Material contains trade
; secrets and proprietary and confidential information of Intel or its
; suppliers and licensors. The Material is protected by worldwide copyright
; and trade secret laws and treaty provisions. No part of the Material may
; be used, copied, reproduced, modified, published, uploaded, posted,
; transmitted, distributed, or disclosed in any way without Intel's prior
; express written permission.
;
; No license under any patent, copyright, trade secret or other
; intellectual property right is granted to or conferred upon you by
; disclosure or delivery of the Materials, either expressly, by
; implication, inducement, estoppel or otherwise. Any license under such
; intellectual property rights must be express and approved by Intel in
; writing.
;
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------;************** BEGIN INTEL DISPLAY DRIVER REGISTRY ENTRY ***************
;************************************************************************
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[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\BuiltIn\PCI\Template\EMGD]
“Dll”=”isr_emgd.dll”
“Class”=dword:03
“SubClass”=dword:00
“ProgIF”=dword:00
“VendorID”=multi_sz:”8086”, “8086”
“DeviceID”=multi_sz:”8108”, “4108”
; US15 is the only chipset supporting interrupts
“Prefix”=”IGD”
“IsrDll”=”isr_emgd.dll”
“IsrHandler”=”isr_handler”
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI\Drivers]
“Display”=”ddi_emgd.dll”
;MKM May 2010: IClass for Power MGT - ENABLE FOR TESTING ONLY!
; “IClass”=”{EB91C7C9-8BF6-4a2d-9AB8-69724EED97D1}”
; “DeviceName”=”DISPLAY”
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI\Drivers]
;
“MainDisplay”=”ddi_emgd.dll”
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI\Drivers]
“D3DMOverride”=”ddi_emgd.dll”
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\D3DM\Drivers]
“RemoteHook”=”ddi_emgd.dll”
;************************************************************************
; The Following Sections Provide
; General Driver-Wide Registry Settings
;************************************************************************
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel]
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Following registry entry for
; pcf version used
; 400 : EMGD 4.0 version
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“PcfVersion”=dword:700
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; This value dictates the configuration to select for Per-Port settings
; from port specific registry. The settings mirror Windows XP EMGD drivers
; implementation Refer to the EMGD User Guide.
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“ConfigId”=dword:1
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Provide a list of port drivers to attempt to load upon boot time
;------------------------------------------------------------------------
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#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
“PortDrivers”=”lvds sdvo”
#else
“PortDrivers”=”analog ch7009 ch7017 fs454 lvds ns2501 ns387 sii164 ti410
th164 sdvo hdmi tv”
#endif
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Turn on to use stolen memory space. Leave off to re-allocate gart memory
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“ReUseStolenMemory”=dword:0
;************************************************************************
; The Following Sections Provide Per-Config configuration
;************************************************************************
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\General]
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Following registry entries for display settings:resolution, bit depth and
; refresh rate
;
; Width & Height values must be hex, for example
;
1400x1050 : 578h x 41Ah
;
1280x1024 : 500h x 400h
;
1024x768 : 400h x 300h
;
800x600 : 320h x 258h
;
640x480 : 280h x 1E0h
;
etc...
;
; In vertical extended mode, height is doubled
;
640x960 : 280h x 3c0
;
800x600 : 320h x 4b0h
;
etc...;
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
;1366x768 is the highest resolution for the display panel we are using
“Width”=dword:556
; width = 1366
“Height”=dword:300
; height = 768
#else
“Width”=dword:400
“Height”=dword:300
#endif
;------------------------------------------------------------------------
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; Bit depth must be one of:
;
8bpp : 8
;
16bpp : 10
;
24bpp : 18
;
32bpp : 20
;(all current EMGD 6.0 & above chipsets do not support 24 bpp)
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“Depth”=dword:20
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Refresh rate must be in hex:
;
60 : 3c
;
70 : 46
;
75 : 4b
;
85 : 55
;
etc...
; any refresh rate as long as the display port supports it refresh of '0'
; will take the first refresh that matches width, height and bpp
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“Refresh”=dword:3c
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Display Mode flags:
;
; Default
: 0
; Interlace
: 80000000
;
; Currently interlace is the only supported display flag
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; “Flags”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Following is registry entry for controlled configuration of video memory
; usage / location
;
; The following settings are for a 64M platform, where the video memory is
; 14M at the top the above settings are assuming there is no system bios /
; firmware that has stolen memory from top of memory. If it does exist
; reduce ReservedMemorySize avoiding overlap exception for ACSFL, memory
; area is reused.
;
; NOTE: CURRENTLY THESE SETTINGS ARE REMARKED FOR DYNAMIC VIDEO MEMORY
;
CONFIGURATION
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------;
“ReservedMemoryBase”=dword:03200000
;
“ReservedMemorySize”=dword:00E00000
;------------------------------------------------------------------------
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; Below is Maximum Frame Buffer Size used to limit the maximum size in bytes
; of the main frame buffer
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“MaxFbSize”=dword:800000
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Independent DTDs with mouse restrictions to within screen
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“MouseRestrict”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Page Request Limit is used to control the max allocations of offscreen
; video surfaces, buffers etc.. value is in number of pages (4K).
; this is independent of dynamic or static memory configuration.
;
; The max for 845, 855, 852 = 128MB = 0x8000
; The max for 915s, 945s
= 256MB = 0x10000
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“PageReqLimit”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Above settings are to define a minimum width and height that would allow
; for video surface allocations to succeed, eg: surfaces with width < 16 are
; forced to be in system-mem, surfaces with height < 16 are forced to be in
; system-mem only affects allocations of surfaces with
; GPE_PREFER_VIDEO_MEMORY flag
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“MinVidSurfX”=dword:10
“MinVidSurfY”=dword:10
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Following are the registry entries for acceleration configuration
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Set SysToVidStrech to '1' enables driver to perform System to Video
; stretch blits
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“SysToVidStretch”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Blend filtering method selection
; The hardware must be capable of
; support, else, emulation is done.
; Possible blend methods are:
;
BlendFilter 0 == NEAREST
;
BlendFilter 1 == BILINEAR
;
BlendFilter 2 == ANISOTROPIC
;
BlendFilter 3 == 4X4
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“BlendFilter”=dword:2
;------------------------------------------------------------------------
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; Option for enabling/disabling TEARING - Default is OFF
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Set '1' to enable the NOTEARING option
“TearFB”=dword:1
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Specify whether to enable d3d
; NO_D3D Value: 0(default)
;
: 0 --> Enable D3D
;
: 1 --> Disable D3D
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“NO_D3D”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Specify the dc (Display Configuration Definition)
;
; The display configuration (dc) is a unique 32-bit identifier that fully
; describes all displays in use and how they are attached to planes and
; pipes to form Single, Clone, Twin and Extended display setups.
;
; The DC is treated as 8 nibbles of information (nibble = 4 bits). Each
; nibble position in the 32bit DC corresponds to a specific role as
; follows:
;
;
0x12345678
;
||||||||-- Legacy Display Configuration (Single, Twin, Clone, Ext)
;
|||||||--- Port Number for Primary Pipe Master
;
||||||---- Port Number for Primary Pipe Twin 1
;
|||||----- Port Number for Primary Pipe Twin 2
;
||||------ Port Number for Primary Pipe Twin 3
;
|||------- Port Number for Secondary Pipe Master
;
||-------- Port Number for Secondary Pipe Twin 1
;
|--------- Port Number for Secondary Pipe Twin 2
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
“dc”=dword:00000041
#else
; “dc”=dword:00000051
#endif
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Legacy Display configuration, single, twin ...
; When a complex (>2 displays) setup is defined, the legacy configuration
; will describe only a portion of the complete system.
;
; Possible Display Config combo:
;
DisplayConfig 1 == SINGLE
;
(Single is default if none specified)
;
DisplayConfig 4 == TWIN
;
--> (Twin mode: common timing across ports)
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;
DisplayConfig 2 == CLONE
;
--> (Clone mode: distinct timing per port)
;
(845 doesn't support Clone)
;
DisplayConfig 5 == VEXT (vertical extend)
;
--> (Vert Extended modes : “Height”
)
;
( registry key value must be 2X the )
;
( intended port timings. Both ports )
;
( must use the same timings. For
)
;
( example, for port timings of
)
;
( 800x600, the DisplayConfig should )
;
( be 5 and the Height=1200 or 0x4b0 )
;
( Overlay wont work in VEXT mode.
)
;
(845 & 915GV doesn't support Vext)
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“DisplayConfig”=dword:1
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Select Port Order
; PortOrder specifies the actual port that will be used for the primary and
; secondary ports. IF specified port is unavailable (port driver failed or
; display detection failed or port is not available on current chipset),
; then the next port in the above order will be used. PortOrder must be
; set, based on chipset specifications:
; On i915 chipsets:
; ================================
;
1 - Integrated TV Encoder
;
2 - DVO B port/RGBA port
;
3 - DVO C port
;
4 - Internal LVDS port
;
5 - Analog port
;
; On i830/835/845/85x/865 chipsets:
; ================================
;
1 - DVO A port
;
2 - DVO B port/RGBA port
;
3 - DVO C port
;
4 - Internal LVDS port
;
5 - Analog port
;
;
On 835: If RGBA is used (DVO B & C together), then use DVO B number
;
to specify any parameter for it.
;
; On i81x chipsets:
; =================
; Port numbers:
;
3 - DVO port
;
5 - Analog port
;------------------------------------------------------------------------
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#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
“PortOrder”=”42000”
#else
“PortOrder”=”24000”
; “PortOrder”=”52340”
#endif BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Set Clone Port resolutions
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------;
“CloneWidth”=dword:320
;
“CloneHeight”=dword:258
;
“CloneRefresh”=dword:3c
; “CloneFlags”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Set “1” to enable Display Detection
; DisplayDetect is to detect display child device before using it
; (panel/tv/etc...).BEWARE, setting this to '1' will mean display for the
; requested port wont be enabled if detection failed. Use this option
; wisely.
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“DisplayDetect”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Set “1” to enable Dual Overlay in Vertical Extended in Windows Embedded
; Compact 7. This is set by the user to enable Dual Hardware Overlays. This
; is a special flag for a specific usage. When two apps request overlays,
; these two will use the two hardware overlays
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------“OverlayDualVext”=dword:0
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; Overlay Color Correction Settings
;
Gamma: 32-bit integer in 24i.8f format, ranging from 0.6 - 6.0 decimal
;
Brightness: 32-bit integer ranging from 0 to 0xFFFF. 0x8000 = no
;
correction
;
Contrast:
32-bit integer ranging from 0 to 0xFFFF. 0x8000 = no
;
correction
;
Saturation: 32-bit integer ranging from 0 to 0xFFFF. 0x8000 = no
;
correction
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------; “OverlayGammaCorrectR”=dword:100
; “OverlayGammaCorrectG”=dword:100
; “OverlayGammaCorrectB”=dword:100
; “OverlayBrightnessCorrect”=dword:8000
; “OverlayContrastCorrect”=dword:8000
; “OverlaySaturationCorrect”=dword:8000
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;************************************************************************
; The sections below are for the more detailed per port
; registry configurations. It follows the same usage model and
; key value meanings as the Windows INF registry configuration
; file. Refer to EMGD User Manual Sections 5.4.1 to 5.4.4
; for details of this.
;************************************************************************
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Config 1 - DVO-B Port (For Almador) |
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Following are the registry
; entries for port's general config
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\General]
;
; Advanced Edid Configuration
; --------------------------; “Edid”=dword:0
; “EdidAvail”=dword:7
; STD TIMINGS + EDID TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
; “EdidNotAvail”=dword:4 ; STD TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
;
;
EdidAvail and EdidNotAvail: <only 16 bits used>
;
---------------------;
These 2 parameters can be used to control the available timings
;
for any display. 'EdidAvail' is used when EDID is read from the
;
display device. If an attempt to read EDID is failed or 'Edid = 0'
;
then driver uses 'EdidNotAvail' flags.
;
;
See below bit definitions for both 'EdidAvail' and 'EdidNotAvail'
;
;
BIT 0:
;
-----;
0 - Do not use driver built-in standard timings
;
1 - Use driver built-in standard timings
;
;
BIT1: <not applicable to EdidNotAvail>
;
-----;
0 - Do not use EDID block
;
1 - Use EDID block and filter modes
;
;
BIT2:
;
-----;
0 - Do not use user-DTDs
;
1 - Use user-DTDs.
;
;
BIT3-BIT15:
;
----------;
Future use.
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;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
Default behavior:
----------------If user doesn't provide EdidAvail and EdidNotAvail, then
EdidAvail
= Use Std timings + Use EDID block and Filter modes
EdidNotAvail = Use Std timings
Rotation Configuration
---------------------“Rotation”=dword:0
Rotation entries must be at a right
angle. An invalid entry will be ignored and
and no rotation will happen for primary.
In clone or twin modes, the secondary
port defaults to follow the primary (if set)
0
degrees = 0 (not rotated = default)
90 degrees = 5A
180 degrees = B4
270 degrees = 10E
Flip Configuration
---------------------“Flip”=dword:0
Flip has a valid entry of 1 to turn on
and 0 to turn off. When turn on the display
will be horizontally flip.
Rendered Scaling Configuration
-----------------------------“Scale”=dword:0
Scale works as a boolean switch. Valid
entries are zero or 1. When “Scale” = 1,
EMGD will scale the requested framebuffer
resolution to the fixed native panel size
indicated by per-port FPInfo, User-DTD or
EDID (in that order).
In clone or twin modes, the secondary
port defaults to follow the primary (if set)
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Following are the registry entries
; for port's DVO I2C settings
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\DVO]
; “I2cPin”=dword:2
; “I2cDab”=dword:70
; “I2cSpeed”=dword:0
; “DdcPin”=dword:0
; “DdcSpeed”=dword:0
;---------------------------------------------------------------------
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; Following are the registry entries
; for port's flat panel's mode-limits,
; power and backlight control
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\FPInfo]
; Only need Width & Height if Panel cannot except other timings
; “Width”=dword:0
; “Height”=dword:0
; “BkltMethod”=dword:3
; “BkltT1”=dword:1E
; “BkltT2”=dword:4
; “BkltT3”=dword:4
; “BkltT4”=dword:14
; “BkltT5”=dword:1F4
; “GpioPinVdd”=dword:27
; “GpioPinVee”=dword:26
; “GpioPinBklt”=dword:28
; “UseGMCHClockPin”=dword:0
; “UseGMCHDataPin”=dword:0
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Following are the registry entries
; for ports first custom DTD mode to add
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\DTD\1]
;“PixelClock”=dword:6257
;“HorzActive”=dword:280
;“HorzSync”=dword:8
;“HorzSyncPulse”=dword:60
;“HorzBlank”=dword:90
;“VertActive”=dword:1e0
;“VertSync”=dword:2
;“VertSyncPulse”=dword:2
;“VertBlank”=dword:1d
;“Flags”=dword:20000
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Following are the registry entries
; for ports second custom DTD mode to add
; (Up to 255 can be added)
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\DTD\2]
; “PixelClock”=dword:9c40
; “HorzActive”=dword:320
; “HorzSync”=dword:28
; “HorzSyncPulse”=dword:80
; “HorzBorder”=dword:0
; “HorzBlank”=dword:100
; “HorzSize”=dword:0
; “VertActive”=dword:258
; “VertSync”=dword:1
; “VertSyncPulse”=dword:4
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; “VertBorder”=dword:0
; “VertBlank”=dword:1c
; “VertSize”=dword:0
; “Flags”=dword:1e
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Following are the registry
; entries for the port device'
; display attribute parameters
; Use when enabling Port device
; example below is for Conexant
; on Port2 (DVO-B for almador)
; key names depend on port driver
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\Attr]
; “Brightness”=dword:32
; “Contrast”=dword:4
; “Flicker Filter”=dword:1
; “Saturation”=dword:4
; “Hue”=dword:32
; “Text Filter”=dword:0
; “Macrovision”=dword:0
; “Overscan ratio”=dword:1
; “TV Format”=dword:1
; “TV Output”=dword:1
; “Composite and S-Video”=dword:1
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Config 1 - Analog Port (For Any Chipset)
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\5\General]
; “Edid”=dword:1
; “EdidAvail”=dword:7
; STD TIMINGS + EDID TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
; “EdidNotAvail”=dword:7 ; STD TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\5\attr]
;
GAMMA, BRIGHTNESS, CONTRAST
; “35”=dword:a0a0a0
; gamma: 3i.5f format for R-G-B, ranging 0.6 to 6
; “36”=dword:808080
; brightness: 0 to FF, 0x80 is no correction
; “37”=dword:808080
; contrast:
0 to FF, 0x80 is no correction
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\5\DTD\1]
; “PixelClock”=dword:9c40
; “HorzActive”=dword:320
; “HorzSync”=dword:28
; “HorzSyncPulse”=dword:80
; “HorzBorder”=dword:0
; “HorzBlank”=dword:100
; “HorzSize”=dword:0
; “VertActive”=dword:280
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; “VertSync”=dword:1
; “VertSyncPulse”=dword:4
; “VertBorder”=dword:0
; “VertBlank”=dword:1c
; “VertSize”=dword:0
; “Flags”=dword:1e
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\5\DTD\2]
; “PixelClock”=dword:9c40
; “HorzActive”=dword:320
; “HorzSync”=dword:28
; “HorzSyncPulse”=dword:80
; “HorzBorder”=dword:0
; “HorzBlank”=dword:100
; “HorzSize”=dword:0
; “VertActive”=dword:258
; “VertSync”=dword:1
; “VertSyncPulse”=dword:4
; “VertBorder”=dword:0
; “VertBlank”=dword:1c
; “VertSize”=dword:0
; “Flags”=dword:1e
;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Config 1 - Int-LVDS Port (For 855 or 915GM) |
; Config 1 - Port 4 = Int-LVDS (US15, TUNNEL_CREEK and Mobiles)
;--------------------------------------------------------------------#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\General]
“CenterOff”=dword:1
“Edid”=dword:0
“EdidAvail”=dword:0
; STD TIMINGS + EDID TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
“EdidNotAvail”=dword:4 ; STD TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
;“Rotation”=dword:5A
#else
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\General]
; “Edid”=dword:1
; “EdidAvail”=dword:7
; STD TIMINGS + EDID TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
; “EdidNotAvail”=dword:7 ; STD TIMINGS + USER TIMINGS
#endif
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#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\FPInfo]
“BkltMethod”=dword:1
“BkltT1”=dword:3C
“BkltT2”=dword:C8
“BkltT3”=dword:C8
“BkltT4”=dword:32
“BkltT5”=dword:190
#else
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\FPInfo]
; Only need Width & Height if Panel cannot except other timings
; “Width”=dword:320
; “Height”=dword:280
; “BkltMethod”=dword:0
; “BkltT1”=dword:0
; “BkltT2”=dword:0
; “BkltT3”=dword:0
; “BkltT4”=dword:0
; “BkltT5”=dword:0
; “GpioPinVdd”=dword:0
; “GpioPinVee”=dword:0
; “GpioPinBklt”=dword:0
; “UseGMCHClockPin”=dword:0
; “UseGMCHDataPin”=dword:0
#endif
#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\Attr]
; “27”=dword:0
; Attribute “27” = Dual Channel (boolean)
; “18”=dword:1
; Attribute “18” = Panel Fit Upscale (boolean)
“26”=dword:12
; Attribute “26” = Panel Depth - 18 or 24
“60”=dword:1
; Attribute “60” = Fixed timing
“70”=dword:64
; Attribute “70” = Backlight PWM intensity
“71”=dword:4F4C
; Attribute “71” = Invertor frequency
#else
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\Attr]
;
“27”=dword:1
;
Attribute “27” = Dual Channel (boolean)
;
“18”=dword:1
;
Attribute “18” = Panel Fit Upscale (boolean)
#endif BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK
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#if defined BSP_TUNNEL_CREEK || defined BSP_TOPCLIFF || defined
BSP_PCH_EG20T
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\DTD\1]
“PixelClock”=dword:11A6C
“HorzActive”=dword:556
“HorzSync”=dword:30
“HorzSyncPulse”=dword:20
“HorzBorder”=dword:0
“HorzBlank”=dword:A0
“HorzSize”=dword:0
“VertActive”=dword:300
“VertSync”=dword:3
“VertSyncPulse”=dword:5
“VertBorder”=dword:0
“VertBlank”=dword:16
“VertSize”=dword:0
“Flags”=dword:20000
#else
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\DTD\1]
; “PixelClock”=dword:9c40
; “HorzActive”=dword:320
; “HorzSync”=dword:28
; “HorzSyncPulse”=dword:80
; “HorzBorder”=dword:0
; “HorzBlank”=dword:100
; “HorzSize”=dword:0
; “VertActive”=dword:280
; “VertSync”=dword:1
; “VertSyncPulse”=dword:4
; “VertBorder”=dword:0
; “VertBlank”=dword:1c
; “VertSize”=dword:0
; “Flags”=dword:1e
#endif
;HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\4\DTD\2]
; “PixelClock”=dword:9c40
; “HorzActive”=dword:320
; “HorzSync”=dword:28
; “HorzSyncPulse”=dword:80
; “HorzBorder”=dword:0
; “HorzBlank”=dword:100
; “HorzSize”=dword:0
; “VertActive”=dword:258
; “VertSync”=dword:1
; “VertSyncPulse”=dword:4
; “VertBorder”=dword:0
; “VertBlank”=dword:1c
; “VertSize”=dword:0
; “Flags”=dword:1e
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;--------------------------------------------------------------------; Config 1 - SDVO Port-B (For Napa)
;--------------------------------------------------------------------;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\General]
;
“name”=”EMGD SDVO Configuration File”
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\General]
;
“name”=”svga”
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\FPInfo]
; For a SDVO driver, sample settings for the panel:1400x1050
; Only need Width & Height if Panel cannot except other timings
;
“Width”=dword:578
;
“Height”=dword:41A
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Drivers\Display\Intel\ALL\1\Port\2\Attr]
;
“27”=dword:1
;
Attribute “27” = Dual Channel (boolean)
; Optional - Only enable for font anti-aliasing
; Enabling this causes minor performance impact
; Only recommended for TV Output.
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI\Fontsmoothing]
;
;[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\GDI]
;
“ForceGRAY16”=dword:1
;*************** INTEL DISPLAY DRIVER REGISTRY ENTRY END ****************
;************************************************************************
§§
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7.0
Installing and Configuring Linux* OS Drivers
This chapter describes the configuration and installation of the Intel® Embedded Media
and Graphics Driver for Linux* systems. The Intel® EMGD supports X servers from the
X.Org* organization.
The Intel Linux driver is for use with the integrated graphics of Intel chipsets on the
Embedded Intel Architecture roadmap. The driver supports 8-, 16- and 24-bit pixel
depths, dual independent head configuration on capable hardware, flat panel, hardware
2D acceleration, hardware cursor, and the XV extension. Stock library files, for example
libva, can be used with Intel® EMGD. Xinerama is compatible with Intel® EMGD to
the extent that it is supported by your Linux distribution although most of EMGD's
accelerated video and 3D capabilities will be disabled when running in Xinerama mode.
7.1
Overview
Intel® EMGD includes a kernel-level DRM (Direct Rendering Manager) driver. The Intel®
EMGD DRM driver plugs into the kernel's generic DRM framework and is responsible for
all hardware access, including display control, memory management, interrupt
handling, device initialization, and command queueing.
Please refer to “OS and API Support” on page 19 for a list of supported Linux
distributions.
Intel® EMGD has been tested with the versions of Xorg that ship with the specified
Linux distributions. Interoperability with other versions is not guaranteed.
7.2
Prerequisites
The following lists the prerequisites for installing and configuring Intel® EMGD for
Linux*.
• Platform with supported Intel chipset.
• Platform with a minimum of 128 Mbytes RAM.
• Resolution and timing specifications for the display devices that will be configured,
either in DTD format or via EDID/Display ID.
• Driver package consisting of directories and files (see the following reduced
samples, which are located under the Intel® EMGD Linux directory).
— Documents/RELNOTES.txt
— License/License.txt
— <Distro>/driver/<xserver-name>/emgd_drv.so
and miscellaneous driver files.
• Linux kernel header package for active running kernel.
— Direct Rendering support enabled.
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• Other system capabilities
— DRM packages
• System administration privileges.
• Internet connection.
7.2.1
Supported Hardware
Intel® EMGD supports the following chipsets with integrated graphics:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
7.3
Installation
Intel® EMGD CED runs on Windows to generate a pair of files for Linux that must be
copied to the Linux system. Those files are a “.x” containing components of what will
become the xorg.conf file and a “.tgz” file containing the Intel® EMGD software to be
installed and configured on the Linux distribution. The .x file can also be generated via
CED-Lite in a up-to-date Firefox or Internet Explorer browser. See Linux* OS
Configuration Using CED Lite for more information.
Contact your Intel representative for instructions on obtaining the software. You can
then install the Intel® EMGD by performing the instructions for your specific
distribution in the following sections:
• “Installing Intel® EMGD for MeeGo, IVI Release” on page 134
• “Installing Intel® EMGD for Timesys Fedora Remix 14” on page 136
Note:
If you use a Linux distribution different from these, you may need to adapt the
instruction steps.
7.3.1
Linux Installer Overview
7.3.1.1
RPM Install
Installation by ROM is supported for both MeeGo and Timesys Fedora Remix 14. The
RPM file is located in the respective IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/<Linux Distribution> folder.
7.3.2
Installing Intel® EMGD for MeeGo, IVI Release
1. These instructions assume that you have a fresh install of the MeeGo 1.2 IVI
release set up on your system. If that is not the case, you can download the MeeGo
1.2 IVI installer from
https://meego.com/downloads/releases/1.2/meego-v1.2-in-vehicle-infotainmentivi
Installation instructions are available from the site.
2. If the GUI install mode is not working, try using text install mode.
Note:
The Intel® EMGD configuration built into the IVI MeeGo 1.2 image defaults to LVDS. If
you are using a different main display and you do not have an LVDS connected, you
need to prevent MeeGo from booting into its X-based user interface until after you
change the xorg.conf file to work with your hardware. This can be accomplished by
adding a “3” to the boot option in the boot menu when you are presented with the
option right at the start of boot. Press “Tab” when prompted, and add a 3 somewhere in
the kernel start arguments that will be displayed.
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3. After booting, start a terminal unless you are already in console mode. Switch to
root by typing
su
The default password is meego.
4. Install make and gcc with the command:
zypper install make gcc
5. Update Kernel and Devel package:
a.
Install the updated MeeGo1.2 Kernel and Development Package for the kernel:
zypper install kernel-adaptation-intel-automotive-devel kerneladaptation-intel-automotive
b.
Edit the /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf and remove the “VGA=current Quiet” from
the kernel add-on line. If you are not using an LVDS display (which is the default
for the built-in EMGD), also add a 3 to the kernel arguments to prevent the
graphics driver from loading and defaulting to LVDS, leaving you with a blank
screen. Alternatively, you can also configure the xorg.conf for your
configuration.
c.
Reboot after installation to enable the updated kernel.
6. Untar the driver package to a convenient location using the following command:
tar -xvzf <driver package.tgz>
where <driver package.tgz> is replaced with the actual name of the tar package,
which by default is IEMGD_HEAD_Linux.tgz.
7. Change your directory to the MeeGo 1.2 sub-folder in the driver directory and
install the Intel® EMGD rpm:
cd /<your path>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/Meego1.2/
rpm --force -Uvh emgd-*.rpm
8. Remove the old emgd module:
rm -f /lib/modules/<KernelVersion>/kernel/drivers/staging/emgd/
emgd.ko
9. Go to the common/drm sub-folder in the driver directory and build the drm module.
If you encounter an error concerning an undefined reference to xen when building,
please do step 9 and come back to retry this step:
cd /<your path>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/common/drm
tar -xvzf emgd_drm.tgz
make
make install
10. If already not done, edit the /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf and remove the
“3” and add back “VGA=current Quiet” to the kernel add-on line. After rebooting,
this change causes the graphics driver to load with xorg.conf configured for your
platform.
11. (Optional) This step is necessary only if your compilation is failing in the previous
step - otherwise, you may skip to the next step.
To fix the bug in the MeeGo 1.2 kernel source that contains an undefined reference
to the xen module:
a.
Edit the file /usr/src/kernels/<KernelVersion>/arch/x86/include/
asm/io.h to remove the xen reference:
vi /usr/src/kernels/<KernelVersion>/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
b.
Delete the line referring to xen (line 44).
c.
Go back to step 8.
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12. By default, MeeGo UX uses Mutter and Mcompositor window manager, which slow
down Graphics and Media intensive applications. To change the window manager,
follow the installation steps outlined in
https://meego.com/sites/all/files/users/admin/xfce_installation.txt
Note that step 5 in the XFCE install instructions is optional if you want to keep
MeeGo UX and not the XFCE4 Desktop.
13. Reboot.
14. Check that you are now using the updated EMGD drivers by opening a terminal and
running emgdgui.
7.3.3
Installing Intel® EMGD for Timesys Fedora Remix 14
Please note that Intel does not support stock Fedora 14, but has created a custom
version of the Fedora 14 distribution, called Timesys Fedora Remix 14, for use with the
Atom E6xx processor. It can be obtained from https://linuxlink.timesys.com/intel/
linux/. Download the desktop installer and follow the provided instructions from the
web site.
1. These instructions assume that you have a fresh install of the Timesys Fedora
Remix 14 release set up on your system. See above for instructions.
2. Log in as root.
3. If yum is having trouble connecting to the Timesys Fedora Remix 14 repositories,
you may try the following step:
Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora.repo and /etc/yum.repos.d/fedoraupdates.repo. Uncomment the first line beginning with #baseurl by removing
the #, and comment out the first line beginning with mirrorlist by adding # to
the beginning of the line.
4. Install the rpm-build package and dependencies:
yum install rpm-build asciidoc xmlto
5. Disable SELinux:
a.
b.
vi /etc/selinux/config
Change
SELINUX=enforcing
to
SELINUX=disabled
c.
Change SELinux to disabled and then reboot. The “disabled” state does not
become activated until after the reboot.
6. Find your specific kernel version (<kernel-version>) using
uname -r
7. Download the kernel source for your specific kernel version from the timesys
repository:
http://repository.timesys.com/buildsources/fedora/14/source/SRPMS/
The file name should be
http://repository.timesys.com/buildsources/fedora/14/source/
SRPMS/kernel-<kernel-version>.src.rpm
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8. Prepare to install the kernel as follows:
rpm -Uvh kernel-<kernel-version>.src.rpm
cd /root/rpmbuild/SPECS
rpmbuild –bp kernel-<kernel-version>.spec
cd ../BUILD
cp -rf linux-<kernel-major-version> /usr/src/kernels/<kernel-version>
cp /boot/config-<kernel-version> /usr/src/kernels/<kernel-version>/
.config
At the query to overwrite the config, answer y.
cd /usr/src/kernels/<kernel-version>
make oldconfig prepare scripts
9. Make symbolic links to kernel header:
cd /lib/modules/<kernel-version>
ln -sf /usr/src/kernels/<kernel-version>/ build
10. Generate Intel® EMGD for Linux using CED on a Windows system. Bring the
compressed tar file and the X configuration file to the Linux system. For example,
cd /etc/X11
mkdir emgd
cd emgd
and then copy the files to this /etc/X11/emgd directory.
11. Untar the driver package to a convenient location using the following command:
tar -xvzf <driver package.tgz>
where <driver package.tgz> is replaced with the actual name of the tar package,
which by default is IEMGD_HEAD_Linux.tgz.
12. If you have installed EMGD modules, please ensure that you have removed existing
EMGD modules before installing a newer version.
cd IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/common/drm
modprobe emgd && make uninstall
cd IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/F14
rpm –e emgd-bin-xxxx-1.1x.i586 –-nodeps
rpm –e emgd-gui-xxxx-1.1x.i586
13. Change your directory to the F14 sub-folder in the driver directory and install the
Intel® EMGD rpm:
cd /<your path>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/F14/
rpm --force -Uvh emgd-*.rpm
14. Go to the common/drm sub-folder in the driver directory and build the drm module:
cd /<your path>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/common/drm
tar -xvzf emgd_drm.tgz
make
make install
15. Copy the .x file generated by CED to your /etc/X11 folder and save it as
xorg.conf:
cp /<path>/<filename>.x /etc/X11/xorg.conf
16. Reboot and run emgdgui to confirm the driver installation.
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7.4
Configuring Linux*
This section describes how to edit the Linux X server configuration file for use with the
Intel® EMGD.
7.4.1
Configuration Overview
Intel® EMGD auto-detects all device information necessary to initialize the integrated
graphics device in most configurations. However, you can customize the Intel® EMGD
configuration for any supported display by editing the X server’s configuration file,
xorg.conf. Please refer to the Xorg(5x) man page for general configuration details.
This section only covers configuration details specific to the Intel® EMGD.
To configure Intel® EMGD for Linux*, you must edit the X server’s configuration file.
You can either edit the configuration directly or you can use CED to create
configurations that must then be copied into the configuration file. Even if you use CED
to create a configuration, you must still edit the Linux configuration file.
7.4.2
Linux* OS Configuration Using CED
You can configure the Linux* driver settings using CED as described in Section 3.0,
“Platform Configuration Using CED” on page 21 or in the CED help.
The output file (yourbuildnamehere.x) from CED contains the settings required to
configure the Intel® EMGD for Linux systems and can be pasted into the appropriate
sections of the xorg.conf file.
7.4.3
Linux* OS Configuration Using CED Lite
Intel® EMGD for Linux also comes with a tool that allows users to configure an
xorg.conf file to suit their needs without having to rebuild the entire EMGD driver
with CED. This tool is called CED Lite and is an OS-independent browser-based
application that can be found in your EMGD/Utilities folder. Unzip the file
CED-Lite.tgz and open the file index.html located inside. CED Lite opens in your
browser as shown below. Please note that CED Lite currently supports only the E6xx
chipset.
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The CED Lite options are identical to those in CED. Click the
icon on the CED Lite
page or refer to Section 3.0, “Platform Configuration Using CED” on page 21 for help.
Note that CED Lite generates only an xorg file for your convenience in configuring your
Linux display settings. It does not rebuild the entire EMGD driver package.
If you experience any problems, please ensure you are using the latest updated version
of Internet Explorer* or Firefox*.
7.4.4
Editing the Linux* OS Configuration File Directly
Instead of using CED, you can edit the xorg.conf file directly. The following procedure
outlines the steps to follow when editing the Linux* configuration file. Section 7.4.5,
“The Linux* OS Configuration File” on page 140 provides details on each section of the
configuration file.
1. Log in as root and open the configuration file for editing. The configuration file is
typically located in the /etc/X11 directory but may be located elsewhere on your
system.
2. In the Device section of the configuration file, enter the appropriate information
for your driver. The configuration file must have at least one Device section. The
Device section lets you define information about Intel® EMGD. You can use a
single Device section for single or clone configurations. For Dual Independent
Head configurations, you must specify a second Device section.
3. In the Screen section, enter information for each display in your configuration.
The configuration file must have at least one Screen section. The Screen section
binds a Device with a Monitor and lets you define resolution modes for the
display. The Screen section is referenced in the ServerLayout section of the
configuration file.
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4. In the Monitor section, define monitor specifications and timings that will be used
for the display. You must have a Monitor section defined for each display in your
configuration. The Monitor section is referenced by the Screen section.
5. Save your changes to the file. For systems booted to run level 3, startx to restart.
For systems booted to run level 5, kill X (Ctrl-Alt-Backspace) to restart. Reboot if
necessary.
7.4.5
The Linux* OS Configuration File
To configure Intel® EMGD for use with Linux*, you must edit the Linux configuration file
(xorg.conf ). There are several sections within the configuration that must be edited
or created, including:
• Device Sections
• Screen Sections
• Monitor Sections
• ServerLayout Section (when configuring DIH)
• ServerFlags Section (when configuring Xinerama)
• The above Sections are described following the example files. Please see the
xorg.conf man pages for complete details.
Figure 33.
Example xorg.conf File for MeeGo
Section “Screen”
Identifier
“Screen0”
Device
“IntelEMGD-0”
Monitor
“Monitor0”
SubSection
“Display”
EndSubSection
EndSection
# Primary (First/only) display
Section “Device”
Identifier “IntelEMGD-0”
Driver
“emgd”
VendorName “Intel(R) DEG”
BoardName “Embedded Graphics”
BusID
“0:2:0”
Screen
0
Option
“PcfVersion”
“1792”
Option
“ConfigId”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/name”
“TC_General”
Option
“ALL/1/General/PortOrder”
“24000”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayConfig” “1”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayDetect” “1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/name”
“SDVO”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidAvail”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidNotAvail”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Edid”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/name”
“LVDS”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidAvail”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidNotAvail”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Edid”
“1”
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EndSection
Section “ServerLayout”
Identifier
“Default Layout”
Screen 0
“Screen0” 0 0
# InputDevice
“Mouse0” “CorePointer”
# InputDevice
“Keyboard0” “CoreKeybard”
# InputDevice
“DevInputMice” “SendCoreEvents”
EndSection
Section “InputClass”
Identifier “evdev keyboard catchall”
MatchIsKeyboard “on”
MatchDevicePath “/dev/input/event*”
Driver “evdev”
EndSection
Section “InputClass”
Identifier “evdev pointer catchall”
MatchIsPointer “on”
MatchDevicePath “/dev/input/event*”
Driver “evdev”
EndSection
Section “InputClass”
Identifier “evdev touchscreen penmount”
MatchIsPointer "on"
MatchProduct "PenMount USB"
MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
Driver "evdev"
Option "Calibration" "58 958 116 1020"
EndSection
Section "InputClass"
Identifier "evtouch touchscreen tsc2007"
MatchIsTouchscreen “on”
MatchDevicePath “/dev/input/event*”
Driver “evtouch”
Option “MinX” “150”
Option “MinY” “150”
Option “MaxX” “3896”
Option “MaxY” “3696”
Option “SwapY” “1”
EndSection
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Figure 34.
Example xorg.conf File for Timesys Fedora Remix 14
##
## X Config options generated from CED
## x11 conf skeleton
## DriverVer=
##
Section “Screen”
Identifier
Device
Monitor
SubSection
EndSubSection
EndSection
“Screen0”
“IntelEMGD-0”
“Monitor0”
“Display”
# Primary (First/only) display
Section “Device”
Identifier “IntelEMGD-0”
Driver
“emgd”
VendorName “Intel(R) DEG”
BoardName “Embedded Graphics”
BusID
“0:2:0”
Screen
0
Option
“PcfVersion”
“1792”
Option
“ConfigId”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/name”
“TC_General_2023”
Option
“ALL/1/General/PortOrder”
“24000”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayConfig” “1”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayDetect” “1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/name”
“SDVO”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidAvail”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidNotAvail”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Edid”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/CenterOff”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/name”
“LVDS”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidAvail”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidNotAvail”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Edid”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/CenterOff”
“1”
EndSection
Section “ServerLayout”
Identifier
“Default Layout”
Screen 0
“Screen0” 0 0
# InputDevice
“Mouse0” “CorePointer”
# InputDevice
“Keyboard0” “CoreKeyboard”
# InputDevice
“DevInputMice” “SendCoreEvents”
EndSection
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Section “InputDevice”
Identifier “Keyboard0”
Driver
“kbd”
EndSection
Section “InputDevice”
Identifier “Mouse0”
Driver
“mouse”
Option
“Protocol” “auto”
Option
“Device” “/dev/input/mice”
Option
“ZAxisMapping” “4 5 6 7"
EndSection
Section “Monitor”
Identifier
VendorName
ModelName
EndSection
“Monitor0”
“Monitor Vendor”
“Monitor Model”
Section “Device”
Identifier “Card0”
Driver
“emgd”
VendorName “Intel Corporation”
BoardName
“Unknown Board”
BusID
“PCI:0:2:0”
Screen
0
Option
“PcfVersion”
“1792”
Option
“ConfigId”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/name”
“TC_General”
Option
“ALL/1/General/PortOrder”
“24000”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayConfig” “1”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayDetect”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/name”
“SDVO”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidAvail”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidNotAvail”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Rotation”
"0"
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Edid”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/name”
“LVDS”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidAvail”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidNotAvail”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Edid”
“1”
EndSection
Section “Screen”
Identifier “Screen0”
Device
“Card0”
Monitor
“Monitor0”
SubSection “Display”
Viewport
0 0
Depth
1
EndSubSection
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SubSection “Display”
Viewport
0 0
Depth
4
EndSubSection
SubSection “Display”
Viewport
0 0
Depth
8
EndSubSection
SubSection “Display”
Viewport
0 0
Depth
15
EndSubSection
SubSection “Display”
Viewport
0 0
Depth
16
EndSubSection
SubSection “Display”
Viewport
0 0
Depth
24
EndSubSection
EndSection
7.4.5.1
Device Section
The Device section provides a description of a graphics device. The Linux*
configuration file (xorg.conf ) must have at least one Device section for the graphics
driver. If your chipset supports multiple graphics pipelines, you may have multiple
Device sections, but in most situations, only one is required. If you are creating a Dual
Independent Head (DIH) configuration, you must have at least two Device sections.
Device sections in xorg.conf have the following format:
Section “Device”
Identifier “devname”
Driver “emgd”
...
EndSection
The Identifier field defines the device. This name associates the device with a
screen in the Screen sections.
The Driver field defines the driver to use and is a required field in the Device
section. The Intel driver, emgd_drv.o, must be installed in the /usr/lib/xorg/
modules/drivers (or the correct path for your system).
The remainder of the Device section can contain Intel® EMGD-specific options. Please
see Table 32 on page 148 for a list and description of Intel® EMGD supported options.
DTD IDs for Multiple Ports
While DTD IDs must be unique, if two ports use the same DTD, CED writes to the
configuration file twice, once for each port, each with the same ID. This configuration
is correct and should not be changed if you manually edit the configuration
file. In most cases you should use CED to configure your system.
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For example, in the Device Section shown below, you see in the first set of option lines
in blue that port 2 uses DTD 1 and in the second set of option lines in blue that port 4
also uses DTD 1. The configuration text is correct as written by CED and should not be
changed. This situation applies only to Linux configurations.
Section “Device”
Identifier “Intel_Card0”
Driver
“emgd”
VendorName “Intel(R) DEG”
BoardName “Embedded Graphics”
BusID
“0:2:0”
Screen
0
Option
“PcfVersion”
“1792”
Option
“ConfigId”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/name”
“dtd_test”
Option
“ALL/1/General/PortOrder”
“24000”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayConfig” “1”
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayDetect” “0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/name”
“sdvo-b”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidAvail”
“7”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/EdidNotAvail”
“5”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/General/Edid”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/PixelClock”
“108000”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/HorzActive”
“1280”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/HorzSync”
“48”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/HorzSyncPulse”
“112”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/HorzBlank”
“408”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/VertActive”
“1024”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/VertSync”
“1”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/VertSyncPulse”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/VertBlank”
“42”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/1/Flags”
“0xc020000”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/PixelClock”
“25175”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/HorzActive”
“640”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/HorzSync”
“8”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/HorzSyncPulse”
“96”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/HorzBlank”
“144”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/VertActive”
“480”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/VertSync”
“2”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/VertSyncPulse”
“2”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/VertBlank”
“29”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/2/Dtd/2/Flags”
“0x0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/name”
“lvds”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidAvail”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/EdidNotAvail”
“5”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Rotation”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/General/Edid”
“0”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/PixelClock”
“65000”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/HorzActive”
“1024”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/HorzSync”
“24”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/HorzSyncPulse”
“136”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/HorzBlank”
“320”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/VertActive”
“768”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/VertSync”
“3”
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/VertSyncPulse”
“6”
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Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
Option
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/VertBlank”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/3/Flags”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/PixelClock”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/HorzActive”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/HorzSync”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/HorzSyncPulse”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/HorzBlank”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/VertActive”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/VertSync”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/VertSyncPulse”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/VertBlank”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/1/Flags”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/PixelClock”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/HorzActive”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/HorzSync”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/HorzSyncPulse”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/HorzBlank”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/VertActive”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/VertSync”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/VertSyncPulse”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/VertBlank”
“ALL/1/Port/4/Dtd/4/Flags”
“PortDrivers”
“38”
“0x20000”
“108000”
“1280”
“48”
“112”
“408”
“1024”
“1”
“3”
“42”
“0xc000000”
“81230”
“1280”
“48”
“112”
“408”
“768”
“3”
“6”
“34”
“0x4000000”
“sdvo lvds”
EndSection
7.4.5.2
Screen Section
The Screen section binds a Screen with a Device and a Monitor. It defines
resolution modes, color depths, and various other screen characteristics. Please see the
xorg man page for detailed information.
The Screen section has the following format:
Section “Screen”
Identifier “screenname”
Device “devname”
Monitor “Monitor0”
DefaultDepth
24
Subsection “Display”
Depth
24
Modes
“1280x1024” “1024x768” “800x600” “640x480”
EndSubSection
EndSection
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7.4.5.3
Monitor Section
Use the Monitor section to define monitor characteristics and timings for a display.
You should have one Monitor section for each display your system supports. The
Monitor section is referenced in a Screen section and has the following format.
Section “Monitor”
Identifier “Monitor0”
VendorName “NEC”
MonitorName “NEC MultiSync LCD”
HorizSync 30-60
VertRefresh 50-75
...
EndSection
7.4.5.4
ServerLayout Section
The ServerLayout section defines the overall layout of the system configuration.
Input devices are specified in the InputDevice fields and output devices usually consist
of multiple components, such as a graphics board and a monitor, which are bound
together in a Screen section. Typically, edit this section only when you are using a DIH
configuration. Add a line to reference the second Screen section and specify its
relative location to the first screen. In the following sample, the line beginning with
Screen 1... is required for DIH configurations.
Section “ServerLayout”
Identifier “Default Layout”
Screen 0 “Screen0” 0 0
Screen 1 “Screen1” RightOf “Screen0”
InputDevice entries...
EndSection
7.4.5.5
ServerFlags Section
If you are configuring the Intel® EMGD for Xinerama support, you must set the
“Xinerama” option to “True” in the ServerFlags section of the configuration file.
Section “ServerFlags”
Option “Xinerama” “True”
EndSection
Note:
Timesys Fedora Remix 14 is the only distribution supported by Intel® EMGD that
supports Xinerama.
7.4.6
Xorg* Configuration Options
Intel® EMGD provides a format syntax for Linux* configuration options. The syntax is
similar to the Microsoft Windows* INF file and is as follows:
“All/<ConfigID>/<block name>/<option name>”
Intel® EMGD parses the configuration options and looks for “new-style” 4.0 and later
options. If it does not find any, then it falls back to processing old-style options.
Device configuration must contain the “pcfversion” option with value “0x700”. This
indicates to the driver the options format to use. Earlier pcfversions (0 and 0x400) are
supported for backward compatibility.
The Intel® EMGD supports multiple sets of installed configuration options that may be
selected at runtime.
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Configuration ID 0 is used unless otherwise specified in the configuration file or
supplied by the system BIOS.
The table below shows the supported driver options.
Table 32.
Supported Driver Options (Sheet 1 of 3)
Option
Description
This option indicates that the new Intel® EMGD format
is being used for the Linux* Configuration files
(xorg.conf). The new format is hierarchical (similar to
the Microsoft Windows* INF file) and allows both
global and per-configuration information to be stored
in the X server’s configuration file (xorg.conf) rather
than having per-configuration information stored
separately in the EDIDx.bin file.
Option “PcfVersion” “integer”
This option is usually set to 0700 hex (1792 decimal)
and is required for the new format.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/SWCursor”
“boolean”
Enable the use of the software cursor. Default is off
and the hardware cursor is used.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/ShadowFB”
“boolean”
Enable or disable double buffering on the framebuffer.
Default disables double buffering.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/XVideo” “boolean”
Disable or enable XVideo support. In a dual
independent head configuration, either the first display
or the second display support XVideo. Both displays
cannot support XVideo simultaneously. Default enables
XVideo support.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/XVideoBlend”
“boolean”
Disable or enable XVideo support using the 3D blend
manager. This provides XVideo support in
configurations that cannot be supported with overlay.
For example, this is supported on both displays in a
dual independent head setup. It is also supported
when the display is rotated or flipped. Color key is only
supported if ShadowFB is enabled and the VideoKey is
defined. By default XVideoBlend support is enabled.
Option “ALL/<ConfigID>/General/PuntTo3dBlit”
“boolean”
Enable or disable use of the 3D engine for blitting.
Useful for cases where 2D memory is insufficient. By
default PuntTo3dBlit support is disabled.
Option “ConfigID” “integer”
This option identifies the configuration.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Name” “string”
A quoted string used to identify the configuration
name.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Comment” “string”
A quoted string used to identify the configuration file.
Comment is a required field for Linux* configurations.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/PortOrder” “string”
This option changes the default port allocation order.
The default order can vary depending on chipset. List
the port type numbers in the priority order starting
from first to last. The port type numbers are as
follows:
1 - Integrated TV Encoder (mobile chipsets only)
2 - sDVO B port
3 - sDVO C port
4 - Integrated LVDS port (mobile chipsets only)
5 - Analog CRT port
To set the order as Integrated TV Encoder, ANALOG,
LVDS, sDVO C, sDVO B set the PortOrder string to
“15432”. Zeros can be used to specify don’t care.
Setting this option incorrectly can result in port
allocation failures.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/Rotation” “integer”
Rotate the display. Valid values are 0, 90, 180, 270.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/Flip” “boolean”
Invert the display horizontally.
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Table 32.
Supported Driver Options (Sheet 2 of 3)
Option
Description
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/VideoKey” “integer”
This sets the color key for XVideo and XVideoBlend.
This value is either a 24-bit value or a 16-bit value,
depending on the pixel depth of the screen. The color
key is always enabled for XVideo, even when it is not
defined. The color key is always disabled for
XVideoBlend unless both this option is defined and the
ShadowFB option is enabled. The default color key for
XVideo is 0x0000ff00. For XVideoBlend, the color key
is disabled by default.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/CloneWidth”
“integer”
This sets the display width for a clone port when
CloneDisplay is active. Default is 640.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/CloneHeight”
“integer”
This sets the display height for a clone port when
CloneDisplay is active. Default is 480.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/CloneRefresh”
“integer”
This sets the display vertical refresh rate for a clone
port when CloneDisplay is active. Default is 60 Hz.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/EDID” “boolean”
Enable or disable reading of EDID data from the output
port device. Note that if the EDID option is specified in
the config file (xorg.conf), all per-port EDID options
in the configuration are overwritten by the EDID option
specified in the config file.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/Accel” “boolean”
Enable 2D acceleration. Default is enabled.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/DRI2” “boolean”
Enable DRI2 support for OGL. Default is enabled.
Option “All/<configID>/General/ DihCloneEnable”
“boolean”
Enable run-time VEXT or DIH to Clone display mode
transition. Default is disabled.
Option “All/<configID>/General/FreezeFB” “boolean”
Enable freeze frame buffer feature. See Section 7.6
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/
OverlayGammaCorrectR” “integer”
Gamma correction value for overlay (red) in 24i8f
format.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/
OverlayGammaCorrectG” “integer”
Gamma correction value for overlay (green) in 24i8f
format.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/
OverlayGammaCorrectB” “integer”
Gamma correction value for overlay (blue) in 24i8f
format.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/
OverlayBrightnessCorrect” “integer”
Overlay brightness adjustments.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/
OverlayContrastCorrect” “integer”
Overlay contrast adjustments.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/
OverlaySaturationCorrect” “integer”
Overlay saturation adjustments.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/General/GlTextureStream”
“integer”
Enable or disable GL texture streaming support.
Default value is 0, disabled. Valid values are 0 or 1.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/Name” “string”
A quoted string used to identify the port name, for
example, “sdvo”.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/”EdidAvail “string”
Specifies how standard and user-defined modes are
used when EDID is available. Default is 0.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/”EdidNotAvail “string”
Specifies how standard and user-defined modes are
used when EDID is not available. Default is 0.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
General/CenterOff” “boolean”
When this option is enabled it DISABLES centering.
Also, depending on the combination of “edid” + “userdtd” + connected hardware, Intel® EMGD will add
missing compatibility modes (6x4, 8x6, 10x7& 12x10)
via centering. Use this option to disable this feature.
Option
“ALL/<ConfigID>/General/RefFreq”
“integer”
Internal timing frequency for the sDVO Clip software
workaround algorithm. Default is 199500 in KHz.
Range 190000KHz -210000KHz.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dvo/
I2cDab” “string”
I2c device address.
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Table 32.
Supported Driver Options (Sheet 3 of 3)
Option
Description
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dvo/
I2cSpeed” “string”
I2c bus speed.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dvo/
DdcSpeed” “string”
DDC bus speed.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dvo/
DdcDab” “string”
DDC device address.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
PixelClock” “integer”
Pixel clock frequency in kHz.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
HorzActive” “integer”
The active horizontal area in pixels.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
HorzSync” “integer”
Starting pixel for horizontal sync pulse.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
HorzSyncPulse” “integer”
Width of the horizontal sync pulse pixels.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
HorzBlank” “integer”
Width of the horizontal blanking period in pixels.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
VertActive” “integer”
The active vertical area in pixels.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
VertSync” “integer”
Starting pixel for vertical sync pulse.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
VertSyncPulse” “integer”
Width of the vertical sync pulse in pixels.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
VertBlank” “integer”
Width of the vertical blanking period in pixels.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/Dtd/
Flags” “integer”
Additional interlaced timing information.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
FpInfo/BkltMethod” “integer”
Specifies the backlight method.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
FpInfo/BkltT1” “integer”
Specifies backlight timing T1.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
FpInfo/BkltT2” “integer”
Specifies backlight timing T2.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
FpInfo/BkltT3” “integer”
Specifies backlight timing T3.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
FpInfo/BkltT4” “integer”
Specifies backlight timing T4.
Option “All/<ConfigID>/Port/<port number>/
FpInfo/BkltT5” “integer”
Specifies backlight timing T5.
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7.4.7
Sample Dual Independent Head (DIH) Configuration
For DIH operation, several additional options must be set in the Device sections for
each head. Both Device sections must specify the BusID, and the BusID must be the
same for both devices. Each Device section must specify the Screen section that will
associate the device with the Screen option.
BusID - B:F:S (Bus, Function, Slot)
Screen - number
The example below shows a sample DIH configuration. Only the Device, Screen, and
Server Layout sections of the configuration file are shown.
Figure 35.
Sample DIH Configuration
Section "Device"
Identifier "IntelEGD-1"
Driver
"emgd"
BusID
"0:2:0"
Screen
0
VideoRam
32768
EndSection
Section "Device"
Identifier "IntelEGD-2"
Driver
"emgd"
BusID
"0:2:0"
Screen
1
VideoRam
32768
EndSection
Section "Screen"
Identifier "Screen 1"
Device
"IntelEGD-1"
Monitor
"Monitor1"
DefaultDepth 24
Subsection "Display"
Depth
8
Modes
"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
ViewPort
0 0
EndSubsection
Subsection "Display"
Depth
16
Modes
"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
ViewPort
0 0
EndSubsection
Subsection "Display"
Depth
24
Modes
"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
ViewPort
0 0
EndSubsection EndSection
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Section "Screen"
Identifier "Screen 2"
Device
"IntelEGD-2"
Monitor
"Monitor2"
DefaultDepth 24
Subsection "Display"
Depth
8
Modes
"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480
ViewPort
0 0
EndSubsection
Subsection "Display"
Depth
16
Modes
"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
ViewPort
0 0
EndSubsection
Subsection "Display"
Depth
24
Modes
"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
ViewPort
0 0
EndSubsection
EndSection
Section "ServerLayout"
Identifier "Dual Head Layout"
Screen "Screen 1"
Screen "Screen 2" Right Of "Screen 1"
InputDevice "Mouse1" "CorePointer"
InputDevice "Keyboard1" "CoreKeyboard"
EndSection
7.4.8
Vertical Extended Configuration
For configuring Vertical Extended mode, several attributes are specified in the xorg.conf
and user_config.c files.
For the xorg.conf file, the following attributes are specified:
Option
“ALL/1/General/DisplayConfig” “2”
Option
“ALL/1/General/SeamlessModeset” “1”
For the user_config.c file, set the DisplayConfig = 5 in the DRM configuration.
Note:
VEXT mode only available for the MeeGo OS.
7.4.9
Enabling Runtime “DIH to CLONE” Function
The “DIH to CLONE” function allows you to switch seamlessly from DIH or VEXT display
mode to CLONE mode during runtime while preserving FrameBuffer context of the old
DIH/VEXT mode without blanking or flickering.
Note:
This function is supported only on the MeeGo OS.
To enable this function, set following configuration option:
Option “All/<configID>/General/ DihCloneEnable” “1”
Option “All/<configID>/General/ DisplayConfig” “8”
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During runtime, you can switch DIH or VEXT display mode to clone mode and vice
versa via escape protocol. For details of the escape protocol, please refer to Intel®
Embedded Graphics Drivers, Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver, EFI Video
Driver, and Video BIOS API Reference Manual.
7.4.10
Configuring Accelerated Video Encode and Decode for Intel®
EMGD
See the following sections for configuration details for accelerated video decode:
• “Hardware Video Acceleration Overview” on page 153
• “Installing the VA Library” on page 154
• “Installing Third-party GStreamer Plugins (MI-X)” on page 154
• “Installing MPlayer” on page 157
• “Video Encode with USB Camera” on page 158
• “Graphics Port Initialization” on page 159
• “OpenGL Support” on page 159
• “Sample Advanced EDID Configurations for Linux* OS” on page 160
• “Flash Plugin Support” on page 160
• “DMA to Overlay Support” on page 161
• “DMA to Framebuffer Support” on page 161
• “Seamless Switches from Clone Mode to VEXT Mode” on page 161
7.4.10.1
Hardware Video Acceleration Overview
Hardware Video Acceleration is the use of a specialized video engine to decode video
streams (such as MPEG-2, MPEG-4, H.264 and VC-1) in order to free up the processor
from having to do all of the decoding. Only some chipsets (such as the US15W and
Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx) support a video engine. The flow of video through the
various components generally is as follows:
1. The video player, such as the Intel® EMGD-validated MPlayer, reads a video file and
determines the type.
2. Based on type, the proper codec shared library object is loaded.
3. The codec loads the VA library shared library object.
4. The VA library loads the emgd_drv_video.so shared library object.
5. The emgd_drv_video.so communicates, over the X wire protocol, with the Intel®
EMGD X driver to send encoded video to the hardware for decoding.
Please follow the installation steps in Section 7.4.10.2, “Installing the VA Library” on
page 154 to install VA library.
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7.4.10.2
Installing the VA Library
Note:
Timesys Fedora Remix 14 and MeeGo 1.2 come with libva 1.0.12 pre-installed. For
Timesys Fedora Remix 14 you must export the libva path using the first step below.
1. For Timesys Fedora Remix 14 only export the libva path:
su
echo 'export LIBVA_DRIVERS_PATH=/usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers' >
/etc/profile.d/libva-path.sh
export LIBVA_DRIVERS_PATH=/usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers
For Meego 1.2, skip this step.
2. Install the libX and libva development libraries:
zypper install libX\* mesa-libGLU-devel
wget http://repo.meego.com/MeeGo/releases/1.2.0/repos/oss/ia32/
packages/i586/libva-1.0.12-1.4.i586.rpm
wget http://repo.meego.com/MeeGo/releases/1.2.0/repos/oss/ia32/
packages/i586/libva-devel-1.0.12-1.4.i586.rpm
rpm --force -Uvh libva-1.0.12-1.4.i586.rpm
rpm --force -Uvh libva-devel-1.0.12-1.4.i586.rpm
3. Set your allocated video memory by editing the boot configuration file as follows:
— For MeeGo, edit /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf:
i.
Find the line containing your boot kernel options. It will be similar to
ii.
To the end of this line, add
append ro root=/dev/sda2 quiet vga=current
vmalloc=256MB
For example,
append ro root=/dev/sda2 quiet vga=current vmalloc=256MB
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, edit /boot/grub/grub.conf:
i.
Find the line containing your boot kernel options. It will be similar to
kernel /vmlinuz ro root=/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lvroot rhgb
quiet
ii.
To the end of this line, add
vmalloc=256MB
For example,
kernel /vmlinuz ro root=/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lvroot rhgb
quiet vmalloc=256MB
4. Reboot
7.4.10.3
Installing Third-party GStreamer Plugins (MI-X)
MI-X plugins provided by Intel along with the Intel® EMGD package consist of a
GStreamer decoder element and GStreamer sink element, which is responsible for
communicating with Intel® EMGD via the industry standard VAAPI specification. The
MixVideoDecoder element parses the compressed elementary video bit-stream and
sends decode-specific data to Intel® EMGD for handling.
Note:
MI-X is provided by Intel as a proprietary solution for evaluation purposes. If a
customer wants to use it in a production solution, they should consult with their
lawyers on the requirement for a codec license for permissible use.
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The GStreamer package contains a streaming media framework that enables
applications to share a common set of plug-ins for things like video decoding and
encoding, audio encoding and decoding, audio and video filters, audio visualization,
Web streaming and anything else that streams in real-time or otherwise.
Getting the audio working requires various libraries and plug-ins. Due to various
software dependency conflicts, the installation process requires following the
instructions precisely. The procedure may also change over time as the software
packages are updated.
Installing GStreamer with Audio for Timesys Fedora Remix 14
1. Make sure libva is installed correctly by typing the following command in a
terminal:
vainfo
If you get an error, please see Section 7.4.10.2, “Installing the VA Library” on
page 154 for instructions on installing libva.
2. Download these RPMs:
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-releasestable.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-releasestable.noarch.rpm
3. Install the RPMs using the following commands:
rpm -ivh rpmfusion-free-release-stable.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh rpmfusion-nonfree-release-stable.noarch.rpm
4. Install the GStreamer plugins with the command:
yum --releasever=15 install gstreamer-plugins-base gstreamer-pluginsgood gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly gstreamer-ffmpeg -nogpgcheck
5. Install the MI-X package from the driver directory:
cd /<your path>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/common/video_plugin
rpm -Uvh *.rpm
6. SELinux should be disabled. If it is not, refer to Section 7.3.3 for instructions on
doing so.
7. Run gst-inspect to check installed codecs. For example, using gst-inspect
displays all installed plugins, while using gst-inspect qtdemux indicates
whether the qtdemux plugin is installed and its status.
Installing GStreamer with Audio for MeeGo
1. Make sure libva is installed correctly by typing the following command in a
terminal:
vainfo
If you get an error, please see Section 7.4.10.2, “Installing the VA Library” on
page 154 for instructions on installing libva.
2. As root user, change directories:
cd /
3. Download the files https://bugs.meego.com/attachment.cgi?id=4761 and
https://bugs.meego.com/attachment.cgi?id=4762 to your / directory.
4. From the / directory, uncompress the files using:
tar xvf <filename>
Repeat this for each file.
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5. Import the rpm keys. You will see many error messages, which can be safely
ignored:
cd /etc/pki/rpm-gpg
rpm --import *
6. In the directory /etc/zypp/repos.d/edit the following files:
—
—
—
—
—
—
rpmfusion-free.repo
rpmfusionfree-updates.repo
rpmfusion-nonfree.repo
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates.repo
fedora.repo
updates.repo
Make the following changes to each file:
a.
In the line beginning with baseurl, change the number 14 to 15.
b.
In the line beginning with gpgcheck, change the number 1 to 0.
7. Download the file https://fedoraproject.org/static/069C8460.txt, save it as
069C8460.txt and then import it by rpm:
rpm --import 069C8460.txt
8. Refresh zypper's cache:
zypper clean --all
zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys refresh
9. Install the following packages:
gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly gstreamerffmpeg
gstreamer-devel
Zypper will ask you to make a choice twice. Select option 1 both times.
10. Reboot.
11. Install the MI-X package from the driver directory:
cd /<your path>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/common/video_plugin
rpm -Uvh *.rpm
12. Run gst-inspect-0.10 to check installed codecs.
For example, using gst-inspect-0.10 displays all installed plugins, while using
gst-inspect qtdemux indicates whether the qtdemux plugin is installed and its
status.
13. Reinstall the mpfr library:
zypper in --force mpfr
14. Disable the rpmfusion, planetccrma, and Timesys Fedora Remix 14 repositories by
editing the following files:
— planetccrma.repo
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
planetcore.repo
planetupdates.repo
updates.repo
fedora.repo
rpmfusion-free.repo
rpmfusion-free-updates.repo
rpmfusion-nonfree.repo
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates.repo
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In each file, change the line
enabled=1
to
enabled=0
GStreamer Examples
• Playing a video H.264 file using gst-launch:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-launch filesrc location=./firefly.mp4 ! qtdemux name=demux !
queue ! MixVideoDecoderH264 ! vaimagesink demux. ! queue ! faad !
alsasink
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-launch-0.10 filesrc location=./firefly.mp4 ! qtdemux name=demux
! queue ! MixVideoDecoderH264 ! vaimagesink demux. ! queue ! faad !
alsasink
• Playing a video MPEG-4 part 2 file using gst-launch:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-launch filesrc location=./firefly.mp4 ! qtdemux name=demux !
queue ! MixVideoDecoderMPEG4 ! vaimagesink demux. ! queue ! faad !
alsasink
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-launch-0.10 filesrc location=./firefly.mp4 ! qtdemux name=demux
! queue ! MixVideoDecoderMPEG4 ! vaimagesink demux. ! queue ! faad
! alsasink
7.4.10.4
Installing MPlayer
Note:
You must install libva before installing or running MPlayer. Please follow the
installation steps in “Installing the VA Library” on page 154.
MPlayer has been validated for Linux. It supports video formats of MPEG-2, VC1, H.264
and MPEG-4. To install MPlayer, use the following setup procedures. Ensure that you
have logged in as root before starting the setup.
1. Install yasm and git:
yum –y install yasm git
2. To enable audio, install the alsa dependencies:
yum –y install alsa*
3. Clone the MPlayer git repository:
git clone git://gitorious.org/vaapi/mplayer.git
If the command executes successfully, the MPlayer tree is downloaded in the target
under the mplayer directory.
4. Configure MPlayer:
cd mplayer
git checkout –t origin/hwaccel-vaapi
. ./configure
At the No FFmpeg checkout prompt, press Enter.
cd ffmpeg
git checkout –b ffmpeg-0.6.3 [you can use the latest version tag]
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5. Return to the mplayer directory:
cd ..
6. In the mplayer directory, configure MPlayer options:
./configure --prefix=/usr/local --enable-xv --enable-gl --enable-vaapi -disable-vdpau --disable-mencoder --disable-faad --enable-runtimecpudetection
7. Compile and install mplayer:
make
make install
8. To run MPlayer with vaapi, add the options -vo vaapi -va vaapi.
For example:
/opt/mplayer/bin/mplayer -vo vaapi -va vaapi -ao alsa /root/videos/
H264_Dolphins_720p.mp4
7.4.11
Video Encode with USB Camera
Video encode in Linux is supported up to standard definition at 30 fps.
1. Connect USB camera to the Atom E6xx board.
2. Try to run a simple camera test using the following command:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-launch v4l2src ! ffmpegcolorspace ! xvimagesink
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-launch-0.10 v4l2src ! ffmpegcolorspace ! xvimagesink
If the camera is not being detected, this might be because the UVC driver is not
installed. You can download uvcvideo-756ad91a832e[1].tar.gz from
http://linux-uvc.berlios.de/#download.
3. To encode video to an H.264 file:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-launch -e v4l2src ! ffmpegcolorspace ! 'video/x-rawyuv,width=640,height=480,framerate=30/1' ! MixVideoEncoderH264
need-display=1 name=enc ! queue ! qtmux ! queue ! filesink
location=/root/camera.h264 enc. ! vaimagesink
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-launch-0.10 -e v4l2src ! ffmpegcolorspace ! 'video/x-rawyuv,width=640,height=480,framerate=30/1' ! MixVideoEncoderH264
need-display=1 name=enc ! queue ! qtmux ! queue ! filesink
location=/root/camera.h264 enc. ! vaimagesink
4. To encode video to a MPEG-4 part 2 file:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-launch -e v4l2src ! ffmpegcolorspace ! 'video/x-rawyuv,width=640,height=480,framerate=30/1' !
MixVideoEncoderMPEG4 need-display=1 name=enc encodeformat=video/mpeg profile=2 ! queue ! qtmux ! queue ! filesink
location=/root/camera.mpeg4 enc. ! vaimagesink
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-launch-0.10 -e v4l2src ! ffmpegcolorspace ! 'video/x-rawyuv,width=640,height=480,framerate=30/1' !
MixVideoEncoderMPEG4 need-display=1 name=enc encodeformat=video/mpeg profile=2 ! queue ! qtmux ! queue ! filesink
location=/root/camera.mpeg4 enc. ! vaimagesink
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5. To play back the recorded video:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-launch filesrc location=camera.mpeg4 ! qtdemux ! queue !
MixVideoDecoderMPEG4 ! vaimagesink
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-launch-0.10 filesrc location=camera.mpeg4 ! qtdemux ! queue !
MixVideoDecoderMPEG4 ! vaimagesink
6. To get more details on encoder properties, execute:
— For Timesys Fedora Remix 14, use the following command:
gst-inspect MixVideoEncoderMPEG4
— For MeeGo 1.2, use the following command:
gst-inspect-0.10 MixVideoEncoderMPEG4
7.4.12
Graphics Port Initialization
When used with a graphic chipset that supports multiple graphics pipelines, the driver
supports multiple screens and Xinerama. Enable this support by creating additional
Device sections for each additional graphics device on the PCIe bus. The driver locates
the first device on the bus and associates it with the device section that matches (or
one that does not specify a busID). This becomes the primary display. If the chipset
supports multiple display pipes, and the config file specifies two Device sections and
two Screen sections, the driver attempts to operate in a DIH mode. After all the
graphics devices and device sections have been matched up, the driver attempts to
allocate any remaining output ports and attach them to the primary graphics device.
For example, two pipes and two ports allow for dual independent displays.
7.4.13
OpenGL Support
The Intel® EMGD supports OpenGL* for the following Intel chipsets:
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
The OpenGL implementation for Intel® EMGD consists of three components:
• Mesa DRI module (emgd_dri.so)
• Kernel DRM module (emgd.ko)
• Device Dependent X (DDX) driver (emgd_drv.so)
Installing the Intel® EMGD OpenGL driver provides a fully hardware accelerated
implementation of the OpenGL library to applications. This implementation makes use
of a Direct Rendering technology, which allows the client to directly write to DMA
buffers that are used by the graphics hardware.
Due to the use of direct rendering technology, system designers should take special
care to ensure that only trusted clients are allowed to use the OpenGL library. A
malicious application could otherwise use direct rendering to destabilized the graphics
hardware or, in theory, elevate their permissions on the system.
A system designer can control the access to the direct rendering functionality by
limiting the access to the DRI device file located at:
/dev/dri/card0
The permissions on this device are set by the X server using the information provided
in the “DRI” section of the configuration file.
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See also “2D/3D API Support” on page 199.
7.4.14
Sample Advanced EDID Configurations for Linux* OS
The edid_avail and edid_not_avail parameters control the available timings for
any display. Use the edid_avail parameter when reading EDID information from the
display. If the driver is unable to read EDID information from the display, or if the edid
parameter in the config file is set to “0” (disable), use the settings of the
edid_not_avail parameter. Please see Section 3.0, “Platform Configuration Using
CED” on page 21 and CED help.
An edid option can be placed in the xorg.conf to control the behavior of the overall
driver. EDID settings also exist within CED that control the behavior on each port
(edid, edid_avail, and edid_not_avail). The combination of these settings
determines how the driver behaves. The table below shows various configurations and
the expected behavior of the driver.
Table 33.
Sample Advanced EDID Configurations for Linux* OS
Case
CED: Per port “edid” option
Expected driver behavior
1.
No edid flag specified
For every port, driver uses edid_avail.
2.
edid=0 for some ports and
edid=1 for some ports
For edid=0 ports, driver uses edid_not_avail flags.
For edid=1 ports driver uses edid_avail flags.
3.
Setting does not matter.
For all ports driver will not read edid and interprets
edid_not_avail flags.
Driver overrides any per-port edid flags, treats all displays as
EDID-less displays, and uses edid_not_avail flags.
4.
edid=0 for some ports and
edid=1 for some ports
Same as case 2
Notes: For all cases:
1. If there is not an edid_not_avail flag specified for a port, and an EDID-less display is detected, the driver
defaults to using the standard built-in timings for that port.
2. If there is not an edid_avail flag specified for a port, and an EDID display is detected, the driver defaults
to using the EDID data from the display, plus any user-specified DTDs.
3. If edid=1 and the display device is EDID-less, the driver uses edid_not_avail flags.
7.4.15
Flash Plugin Support
Hardware-accelerated Flash is supported on the following system configurations:
• Timesys Fedora Remix 14 with Firefox 3.6.x
• MeeGo IVI 1.2 with Chromium 11
To download the plugin, and for the latest plugin-specific information, please refer to
the Intel EDC website here: https://registrationcenter.intel.com/RegCenter/
ComForm.aspx?ProductID=1618
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7.4.16
DMA to Overlay Support
The DMA to Overlay feature enables you to design an external V4L2 camera source
driver to DMA video content (in the form of YUV pixels) directly into video memory that
gets displayed via the overlay plane. The DMA to Overlay feature is supported in the
following two conditions:
• From kernel level without X Windows and GStreamer on primary display only. For
details of the feature design and configuration, please refer to the Early Direct
Camera Presentation on Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx Series Application Note.
• In X Windows with GStreamer. For details of the feature design and configuration,
please refer to the Intel® EMGD Direct Camera Presentation Interface Application
Note.
7.4.17
DMA to Framebuffer Support
The DMA to Framebuffer feature enables you to design an FPGA V4L2 driver to DMA
video content (in the form of RGB format) directly into video memory that gets
displayed via the framebuffer.
For details of the feature design and configuration, please refer to the Intel® EMGD
Direct Camera Presentation Interface Application Note.
7.4.18
Seamless Switches from Clone Mode to VEXT Mode
Under normal circumstance, after system boot up and starting X, you may see
programs or client applications loading information on the screen before the home
screen is fully up and running. To make the program/client application loading screen
invisible, Intel® EMGD provides an option for you to retain the boot up splash screen
and switch to the home screen through an escape function call when the home screen
is ready.
This feature is implemented for a specific usage model only, where the system is
expected to boot up in Clone mode with a splash/logo screen and continues to be
shown on the display until the X-Window/Home screen is fully up and running in VEXT
mode. The transition from Clone to VEXT display mode will be handled seamlessly.
To enable this feature, use CED to generate the EFI and the Linux driver with
appropriate attributes set.
1. Configure and generate EFI with Clone mode configuration.
2. Configure and generate the Linux driver installation package with VEXT mode and
seamless mode flag set.
a.
For VEXT mode: configure the CED->Chipset Configuration Page -> Display
Configuration Mode= Vertical Extended. If you like to edit the xorg.conf and
user_config.c files directly, ensure that you specify the following attributes
in the files:
• xorg.conf file: Option “ALL/1/General/DisplayConfig” “2”
• user_config.c file: DisplayConfig = 5 in the DRM configuration array
b.
Seamless mode from EFI GOP to DRM: configure the CED-> EFI GOP
Configuration Page -> Enable Seamless Mode = Checked (1). This configuration
applies to the user_config.c file. If you like to edit the file directly, ensure
that you specify the following attribute in the file:
user_config.c file: set the Seamless = 1 in the parameter configuration
array
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c.
Seamless mode from DRM to X-Window: configure the CED-> EMGD Package
Page->Linux Option Page -> Enable Seamless Mode Set for DRM->X transition
= checked (1). This configuration applies to the xorg.conf file. If you like to
edit the file directly, ensure that you specify the following attribute in the file:
xorg.conf file: option “ALL/1/General/SeamlessModeset” “1”
3. Ensure the resolution configured for clone mode and VEXT primary display are of
the same resolution.
Seamless switches from Clone mode to VEXT mode work in such a way that EFI boots
up the system in Clone mode and the DRM driver will check the configuration
mentioned above in steps 1-3. If the requirement is fulfilled, the display plane register
will be locked and the framebuffer content for both screens in Clone mode will be
retained. The kernel mode driver will keep deferring plane register updates (for VEXT
mode) until the client application sends an ESCAPE API to end it.
To unlock the display plane register, the client application sends ESCAPE API
INTEL_ESCAPE_SHOW_DESKTOP to the X11 driver. After the plane registers are
unlocked, the registers are updated and enable X rendered screens to display in VEXT
mode.
Note:
This feature is applicable only for system configurations with a combination of EFI with
Clone mode and the graphics driver with VEXT mode configurations.
7.5
Runtime Configuration GUI
You can change the configuration and runtime attributes of the driver using the
emgdgui runtime configuration tool. The Intel® EMGD GUI (emgdgui) is an application
that is used to view and control the Intel® EMGD. It retrieves status of the display and
driver and is also used to configure the supported display attributes. You can change
the configuration and runtime attributes of the driver using the emgdgui runtime
configuration tool, which resides in the <OS name>/Utilities directory. The
emgdgui also demonstrates multi-monitor support. Note that changes made with
emgdgui are not permanent and are lost upon rebooting. For permanent changes, the
xorg.conf file has to be edited directly. See Section 7.4.5, “The Linux* OS
Configuration File” on page 140 for help on this.
7.5.1
emgdgui Setup
To run emgdgui, you need to ensure that the X server has been configured to use
Intel® EMGD. See Section 7.4.1, “Configuration Overview” on page 138 for details on
configuring and installing the Intel® EMGD.
You need GTK+ and libglade, which are part of the Linux* distribution and should
already be installed.
Note:
It is not necessary to manually install the emgdgui, the install.sh has included the
installation. The emgdgui is installed to the system and you can execute it by typing
emgdgui in xterm or find the “EMGD GUI Utility” in System Tools.
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7.5.2
Using the emgdgui Runtime Configuration Utility
The emgdgui application provides four tabs: Driver Info, Display Config, Display
Attributes, and Color Correction.
• Driver Info: Contains the driver information.
• Display Config: Contains current display information and allows configuration of
display configurations, display resolutions for primary and secondary displays and
enabling/disabling of a specified port.
• Display Attributes: Contains the supported Port Driver (PD) attributes and allows
configuration of PD attributes.
• Color Correction: Contains current color-correction information for the
framebuffer and overlay. Using this tab, you can change the framebuffer and
overlay color settings.
The figure below shows the Driver info tab.
Figure 36.
Example Linux Runtime Configuration GUI — Driver Info Tab
To view current display information and or to change the current configuration of
display configurations, display resolutions of the primary and secondary displays, and
enabling/disabling of a specified port, click the Display Config tab.
Note:
If you make any changes to the configuration, click Apply for the changes to take
effect.
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The figure below shows a sample configuration.
Figure 37.
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Config Tab
The Display Status section of the above dialog shows the current configuration for the
Primary and Secondary displays.
In the Display Configuration section of the dialog, select the required display
configuration in the Display Config drop-down list. This allows the user to choose
between Single, Clone, and Extended for all connected ports. A maximum of two ports
per display configuration is currently allowed.
In the Primary Mode and Secondary Mode sections of the dialog, you can change
display resolutions via the Resolution drop-down list.
In the Display Settings section of the dialog you can view and change the settings for
a port and then rotate and flip the display via the appropriate drop-down lists:
• Port: Allows you to select the required port.
• Port Status: Allows you to enable or disable the selected port.
Note:
For Chrontel 7306, there is an additional Refresh button not shown in the screen shot
above. If you change the output type between HDMI and VGA during runtime, click this
button to reset the display output to the new display port.
To view or change the attributes for a port, click the Display Attributes tab. The
figure below shows a sample configuration. Please see Appendix B for detailed
information on port driver attributes.
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Figure 38.
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Display Attributes Tab
To view and change color corrections, click the Color Correction tab. The two figures
below show sample Color Correction tab screens for Framebuffer and Overlay, color
correction values for which are shown in Table 27 and Table 28.
Note:
If you make any changes to the color-correction attributes, click Apply for the changes
to take effect.
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Figure 39.
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Color Correction Tab
(Framebuffer)
The following steps present an example color-correction procedure:
a.
Select Framebuffer in the Surface section and select the appropriate port for
the color correction to be applied to or select Overlay in the Surface section for
color correction to be applied to the overlay.
b.
Select the required color to be corrected in the Color section.
c.
Select the required color attribute to be corrected in the Gamma Correction
section.
d.
Click Restore Defaults to restore the default values.
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Figure 40.
Example Linux* Runtime Configuration GUI — Color Correction Tab (Overlay)
7.5.3
Environment Variables
7.5.3.1
VideoKey
This feature disables the automatic VideoKey painting of VAAPI and Xv API when
FbBlendOvl mode is enabled by setting the EMGD_VIDEO_SKIP_COLORKEY_FILL
environment variable to 1. The goal is that the application draws the rgb+alpha
background (with subpicture) to the framebuffer with the video surface being displayed
on the overlay plane. If EMGD_VIDEO_SKIP_COLORKEY_FILL is not set to 1, VAAPI and
Xv API override this painting, making it impossible to paint a subpicture in the
background.
• To enable this feature, execute
'export EMGD_VIDEO_SKIP_COLORKEY_FILL=1'
• To disable this feature, execute
'export EMGD_VIDEO_SKIP_COLORKEY_FILL=0'
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7.6
Runtime Freeze and UnFreeze Display (Framebuffer)
Intel® EMGD provides Freeze and UnFreeze display framebuffer at runtime through
escape function calls. This feature allows you to freeze both primary and secondary
displays’ framebuffers and resume respectively. The overlay or sprite planes are not
affected by the freeze/unfreeze function calls and therefore a video playback using the
overlay plane will keep running in freeze framebuffer mode. Please note that when the
framebuffer is frozen, you should not perform any mode change to alter the display
setting such as changing the display resolution.
Note:
This function is supported only on the MeeGo OS. To enable this function, set the
following configuration option:
Option “ALL/<configID>/General/FreezeFB” “1”
Please refer to the Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers, Intel® Embedded Media and
Graphics Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS API Reference Manual for a detailed
description of the Freeze/Unfreeze Framebuffer function calls.
7.7
Wayland and Weston Setup
Wayland is a display server protocol for applications that targets to simplify and
improve the graphics stack in Linux and other Unix-based operating systems, with the
long-term goal of eventually phasing out the legacy X server altogether. Weston is a
proof of concept, or reference, compositing windows manager for Wayland. Both these
technologies are in the alpha/beta stage, and should be considered extremely unstable.
7.7.1
Installation
This section covers installation of Wayland and/or Weston. Please note that due to the
rapidly changing state of these two software packages, it is impossible to provide exact
directions for installing them. Rather, this section will cover general guidelines and
dynamic online resources for the user. The information provided here is only accurate
at the time of publication, and may well be outdated by the time EMGD 1.14 is
released. Please regard these steps as an example installation sequence rather than a
final authoritative set of instructions.
To install Wayland and Weston on your system, there are two approaches.
7.7.1.1
7.6.1.1 Installation by RPM
This approach uses the MeeGo 1.3 release (currently beta release) and installs the
Wayland/Weston packages directly from the MeeGo 1.3 repository. The website at
http://wiki.meego.com/Wayland_in_MeeGo provides reasonably up-to-date
information on this sequence. At the time of publication, Weston is not yet available via
this approach, but it should be made available eventually.
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7.7.1.2
7.6.1.2 Installation by Source
This approach builds Wayland and Weston from source. Both MeeGo 1.2 and 1.3 may
be used for this approach. Example steps are as follows:
1. Create a export.sh file, with the following contents
export WLD=$HOME/wl
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$WLD/lib
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=$WLD/lib/pkgconfig/:$WLD/share/
pkgconfig/
export ACLOCAL="aclocal -I $WLD/share/aclocal"
export C_INCLUDE_PATH=$WLD/include
export LIBRARY_PATH=$WLD/lib
export PKG_CONFIG_ALLOW_SYSTEM_CFLAGS=1
2. Execute the file:
. export.sh
3. Create the directory:
mkdir –p $HOME/wl/share/aclocal
4. Install development tools:
zypper in –t pattern meego-development-tools
5. For the following list of libraries, download them from the provided link and install
them with the specified options.
a.
Go to the dir $HOME/wl
b.
Download the first package (e.g., libffi) from the download link provided. A basic
knowledge of git is assumed.
c.
Decompress the package if necessary, and enter the package directory.
d.
Run the command:
./autogen.sh <Configure options>
For example, for libffi, the command would be “./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD”
If autogen.sh does not exist, use configure in its place.
e.
Run the commands:
make
make install
In general, if compilation of a package fails with an error indicating missing
packages, install the –devel version of that package via zypper.
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f.
Repeat steps a through e for each subsequent package listed in the table below.
Package name
Method
Download link
Configure options
Libffi
HTTP
http://sourceware.org/libffi
--prefix=$WLD
llvm
HTTP
http://llvm.org/releases/
download.html
--prefix=/usr
glib2
HTTP
http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/
gnome/sources/glib
--prefix=$WLD
gobject-introspection
HTTP
http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/
GNOME/sources/gobjectintrospection/
--prefix=$WLD
gdk-pixbuf
HTTP
http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/
GNOME/sources/gdk-pixbuf
--prefix=$WLD
Wayland
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
wayland/wayland
--prefix=$WLD
Drm
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
git/mesa/drm
--prefix=$WLD --enable-nouveauexperimental-api
Macros
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
git/xorg/util/macros
--prefix=$WLD
Glproto
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
xorg/proto/glproto
--prefix=$WLD
dri2proto
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
xorg/proto/dri2proto
--prefix=$WLD
mesa
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
mesa/mesa
--prefix=$WLD --enable-gles2 -disable-gallium-egl --with-eglplatforms=x11,wayland,drm -enable-gbm --enable-shared-glapi
xproto
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
xorg/proto/xproto
--prefix=$WLD
kbproto
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
xorg/proto/kbproto
--prefix=$WLD
libX11
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
xorg/lib/libX11
--prefix=$WLD
libxkbcommon
Git
git://people.freedesktop.org/
xorg/lib/libxkbcommon.git
--prefix=$WLD --with-xkb-configroot=/usr/share/X11/xkb
Pixman
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
pixman
--prefix=$WLD
Cairo
Git
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/
cairo
--prefix=$WLD --enable-gl --enablexcb
6. Create a working directory in which to extract the EMGD modules from the rpm.
mkdir $HOME/wl/EMGD-extract
cd $HOME/wl/EMGD-extract
cp –vrf <EMGD driver location>/IEMGD_HEAD_Linux/MeeGo_Wayland/
emgd-bin-xxxx.i586.rpm $HOME/wl/EMGD-extract
rpm2cpio emgd-bin-xxxx.i586.rpm | cpio –idmv
cp –vrf usr/* /root/wl
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7. Link the following modules. Please note that version numbers may change.
cd /root/wl/lib/
ln –sfv libwayland-egl.so.1.5.15.3226 libwayland-egl.so.1
ln –sfv libgbm.so.1.5.15.3226 libgbm.so.1
ln –sfv libemgdsrv_um.so.1.5.15.3226 libemgdsrv_um.so
ln –sfv libemgdsrv_init.so.1.5.15.3226 libemgdsrv_init.so
ln –sfv libemgdglslcompiler.so.1.5.15.3226 libemgdglslcompiler.so
ln –sfv libEMGDPVR2D_WAYLANDWSEGL.so.1.5.15.3226
libEMGDPVR2D_WAYLANDWSEGL.so
ln –sfv libEMGDPVR2D_GBMWSEGL.so.1.5.15.3226
libEMGDPVR2D_GBMWSEGL.so
ln –sfv libEMGDPVR2D_DRIWSEGL.so.1.5.15.3226
libEMGDPVR2D_DRIWSEGL.so
ln –sfv libOpenVG.so.1.5.15.3226 libOpenVG.so
ln –sfv libOpenVGU.so.1.5.15.3226 libOpenVGU.so
ln –sfv libGLESv2.so.1.5.15.3226 libGLESv2.so.2
ln –sfv libGLES_CM.so.1.5.15.3226 libGLES_CM.so.1
ln –sfv libGLES_CM.so.1 libGLES_CM.so
ln –sfv libEMGDegl.so.1.5.15.3226 libEMGDegl.so
ln –sfv libEMGDScopeServices.so.1.5.15.3226 libEMGDScopeServices.so
ln –sfv libEMGDOGL.so.1.5.15.3226 libEMGDOGL.so
ln –sfv libEMG2d.so.1.5.15.3226 libEMGD2d.so
ln –sfv libEGL.so.1.5.15.3226 libEGL.so.1
8. Building Wayland:
a.
Download the EMGD Wayland source from
http://download.meego.com/live/home:/matthew:/branches:/devel:/wayland/
Trunk/src/
b.
Create a working directory in which to extract the Wayland source code:
mkdir /root/wl/EMGD_WAYLAND/
rpm –Uvh wayland-0.1-4.1.src.rpm
cd /root/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
cp –vrf wayland-0.1.tar.bz2 /root/wl/EMGD_WAYLAND/
rm –vrf /root/rpmbuild
c.
Copy wayland-demos emgd package:
rpm –Uvh wayland-demos-0.1-3.1.src.rpm
cd /root/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
cp –vrf wayland-demos-emgd.tar.gz /root/wl/EMGD_WAYLAND/
rm –vrf /root/rpmbuild
d.
Install the extracted source files:
cd /root/wl/EMGD_WAYLAND/
tar –xvjf wayland-0.1.tar.bz2
cd wayland-0.1/
./autogen --prefix=$WLD
make && make install
tar –xvzf wayland-demos-emgd.tar.gz
cd wayland-demos-emgd/
./autogen --prefix=$WLD
make && make install
Wayland installation is done.
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9. Building Weston:
a.
Rebuild the cairo package from step 5, replacing the configuration option
‘--prefix=$WLD --enable-gl --enable-xcb’
with
‘--prefix=$WLD --enable-glesv2 --enable-xcb’
b.
Download the Weston source from
git://anongit.freedesktop.org/wayland/Weston
c.
Compile and install Weston:
cd weston
./autogen.sh --prefix=$WLD
make
make install
Weston installation is done.
7.8
Runtime Video Overlay Plane or Sprite C Plane Selection
via Escape Function Call
Intel® EMGD provides an option to manually select the video overlay plane or sprite-C
plane at runtime through an escape function call. This feature allows you to choose
between overlay and sprite-C planes for video playback depending on different use
cases. Overlay can be configured to run on the secondary display and sprite-C on the
primary display depending on needs. For example, video required for scaling and
planar format can use overlay plane in any of the display pipelines (primary or
secondary). In addition, the function call allows user to turn on/off FBBlend and overlay
color correction (brightness, contrast, saturation, gamma) at runtime.
Note:
This function is supported only on the MeeGo OS.
To enable this function, set following configuration option:
Option
"ALL/<configID>/General/VideoColorCorrect" "1"
Refer to the Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers, Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS API Reference Manual for a detailed
description of the Video Overlay/Sprite-C planes selection function call.
7.9
Runtime Primary Display and Secondary Display Swap via
Escape Function Call.
Intel® EMGD provides an option to swap the primary and secondary displays at runtime
through an escape function call INTEL_ESCAPE_SWAPDC. This feature provides the
capability to swap the framebuffer and the video plane. The escape API acts as a toggle
switch; toggling twice un-swaps the display.
Note:
This feature is enabled only when the display configuration is in VEXT mode. Do not
perform any display mode changes, for example, changing resolution, rotation, etc.,
while in the display swap state.
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In the situation when freeze display (framebuffer) is enabled, every swap API call
would forcibly unfreeze the display. In the situation when display is in clone or reverse
clone mode, a swap API call will switch the display mode back to VEXT mode followed
by swapping the display. Similarly when the swap state is set in VEXT mode, a function
call to change the display to clone or reverse clone mode would first unswap the display
before putting it in clone or reverse clone mode.
Refer to the Intel® Embedded Graphics Drivers, Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics
Driver, EFI Video Driver, and Video BIOS API Reference Manual for a description of the
Display swap INTEL_ESCAPE_SWAPDC function call.
§§
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Example INF File—Intel® EMGD
Appendix A Example INF File
;*******************************************************************************
; Filename: iegd.inf
; $Revision: 1.438 $
; $Id: iegd.inf,v 1.438 2010/09/02 09:05:14 anthill Exp $
; $Source: /nfs/fm/proj/eia/cvsroot/ssigd/ial/dx/install/iegd.inf,v $
;
; Copyright (c) 2012 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
;
;*******************************************************************************
[Version]
Signature="$WINDOWS NT$"
Class=Display
ClassGUID={4D36E968-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}
Provider=%Intel%
;CatalogFile=iegd.cat
DriverVer = 09/02/2010,1.5.0.1728
;===============================================================================
[SourceDisksNames]
1=%DiskDesc%,,,""
[SourceDisksFiles]
iegdmini.sys = 1
iegdckey.vp = 1
iegdmsys.vp = 1
iegdcagt.cpa = 1
iegdcagt.vp = 1
iegddis.dll = 1
iegd3dga.dll = 1
iegdglga.dll = 1
libGLES_CM.dll = 1
libGLESv2.dll = 1
lvds.sys
= 1
sdvo.sys
= 1
sdvo.vp
= 1
lvds.vp
= 1
;===============================================================================
[DestinationDirs]
DefaultDestDir
= 11; System directory
iegd.Display_plb = 11
iegd.OpenGL_plb
= 11
iegd.Display_tnc = 11
iegd.OpenGL_tnc
= 11
iegd.Miniport
= 12; Drivers directory
iegd.Copp
= 12
iegd.PortDrvs_plb = 12
iegd.PortDrvs_tnc = 12
;===============================================================================
[Manufacturer]
%Intel%=Intel.Mfg
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;===============================================================================
[Intel.Mfg]
%Intel% %i900G0% = iegd_plb, PCI\VEN_8086&DEV_8108
%Intel% %iTNC0%
= iegd_tnc, PCI\VEN_8086&DEV_4108
%Intel% %iTNC1%
= iegd_tnc_ext, PCI\VEN_8086&DEV_8182
;===============================================================================
[iegd_plb.GeneralConfigData]
MaximumNumberOfDevices = 2
MaximumDeviceMemoryConfiguration = 256
[iegd_tnc.GeneralConfigData]
MaximumNumberOfDevices = 2
MaximumDeviceMemoryConfiguration = 256
;===============================================================================
[iegd_plb]
CopyFiles = iegd.Miniport, iegd.Display_plb, iegd.OpenGL_plb, iegd.PortDrvs_plb,
iegd.Copp
[iegd_tnc]
CopyFiles = iegd.Miniport, iegd.Display_tnc, iegd.OpenGL_tnc, iegd.PortDrvs_tnc,
iegd.Copp
[iegd_tnc_ext]
CopyFiles = iegd.Null
;===============================================================================
[iegd.Miniport]
iegdmini.sys
[iegd.Copp]
iegdckey.vp
iegdmsys.vp
sdvo.vp
lvds.vp
iegdcagt.cpa
iegdcagt.vp
[iegd.Display_plb]
iegddis.dll
iegd3dga.dll
[iegd.Display_tnc]
iegddis.dll
iegd3dga.dll
[iegd.OpenGL_plb]
iegdglga.dll
libGLES_CM.dll
libGLESv2.dll
[iegd.OpenGL_tnc]
iegdglga.dll
libGLES_CM.dll
libGLESv2.dll
[iegd.PortDrvs_plb]
sdvo.sys
lvds.sys
[iegd.PortDrvs_tnc]
sdvo.sys
lvds.sys
[iegd.Null]
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Example INF File—Intel® EMGD
;===============================================================================
[iegd_plb.Services]
AddService = iegdmini, 0x00000002, iegd_Service_Inst, iegd_EventLog_Inst
AddService = lvds,
,lvds_Service_Inst, iegd_EventLog_Inst
AddService = sdvo,
,sdvo_Service_Inst, iegd_EventLog_Inst
[iegd_tnc.Services]
AddService = iegdmini, 0x00000002, iegd_Service_Inst, iegd_EventLog_Inst
AddService = lvds,
,lvds_Service_Inst, iegd_EventLog_Inst
AddService = sdvo,
,sdvo_Service_Inst, iegd_EventLog_Inst
[iegd_tnc_ext.Services]
AddService = , 0x00000002; no service
;===============================================================================
[iegd_Service_Inst]
ServiceType
= 1
StartType
= %SERVICE_DEMAND_START%
ErrorControl
= 0
LoadOrderGroup = Video
ServiceBinary = %12%\iegdmini.sys
[lvds_Service_Inst]
DisplayName
= "lvds"
ServiceType
= %SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER%
StartType
= %SERVICE_DEMAND_START%
ErrorControl
= %SERVICE_ERROR_IGNORE%
ServiceBinary = %12%\lvds.sys
[sdvo_Service_Inst]
DisplayName
= "sdvo"
ServiceType
= %SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER%
StartType
= %SERVICE_DEMAND_START%
ErrorControl
= %SERVICE_ERROR_IGNORE%
ServiceBinary = %12%\sdvo.sys
;===============================================================================
[iegd_EventLog_Inst]
AddReg = iegd_EventLog_AddReg
[iegd_EventLog_AddReg]
HKR,,EventMessageFile,0x00020000,"%SystemRoot%\System32\IoLogMsg.dll;%SystemRoot%\
System32\drivers\iegdmini.sys"
HKR,,TypesSupported,0x00010001,7
;===============================================================================
[iegd_plb.SoftwareSettings]
AddReg = iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_plb
AddReg = iegd_ICDSoftwareSettings
[iegd_tnc.SoftwareSettings]
AddReg = iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_tnc
AddReg = iegd_ICDSoftwareSettings
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------[iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_plb]
HKR,, InstalledDisplayDrivers, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, iegddis
HKR,, MultiFunctionSupported, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, 1
HKR,, VgaCompatible, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PcfVersion,
%REG_DWORD%, 0x0700
HKR,, ConfigId, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR, ALL\1 , name, %REG_SZ%, "US15"
HKR, ALL\1\General , DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR, ALL\1\General , DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
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HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1\General , PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, "24000"
ALL\1\General , DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "LVDS10x7"
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\4\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , bkltmethod, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT1, %REG_DWORD%, 60
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT2, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT3, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT4, %REG_DWORD%, 50
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT5, %REG_DWORD%, 400
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , PixelClock, %REG_DWORD%, 65000
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzActive, %REG_DWORD%, 1024
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSync, %REG_DWORD%, 24
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 136
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 320
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertActive, %REG_DWORD%, 768
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSync, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 6
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 38
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , Flags, %REG_DWORD%, 0x20000
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 27, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 26, %REG_DWORD%, 18
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 60, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\2\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "SDVOB"
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\2\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,, No_D3D, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PortDrivers, %REG_SZ%, "sdvo lvds"
HKR, ALL\1\General, DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
HKCU,"Software\Microsoft\Avalon.Graphics",,,""
HKCU,"Software\Microsoft\Avalon.Graphics",DisableHWAcceleration,%REG_DWORD%, 1
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------[iegd_SoftwareDeviceSettings_tnc]
HKR,, InstalledDisplayDrivers, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, iegddis
HKR,, MultiFunctionSupported, %REG_MULTI_SZ%, 1
HKR,, VgaCompatible, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PcfVersion,
%REG_DWORD%, 0x0700
HKR,, ConfigId, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1 , name, %REG_SZ%, "Atom_E6xx_13X7"
ALL\1\General , DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\General , DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\General , PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, "42000"
ALL\1\General , DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "LVDS13x7"
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , bkltmethod, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT1, %REG_DWORD%, 60
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT2, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT3, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT4, %REG_DWORD%, 50
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Example INF File—Intel® EMGD
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\1\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT5, %REG_DWORD%, 400
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , PixelClock, %REG_DWORD%, 72300
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzActive, %REG_DWORD%, 1366
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSync, %REG_DWORD%, 48
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 32
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 160
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertActive, %REG_DWORD%, 768
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSync, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 5
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 22
ALL\1\Port\4\Dtd\1 , Flags, %REG_DWORD%, 0x20000
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 27, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 26, %REG_DWORD%, 18
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 60, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 70, %REG_DWORD%, 100
ALL\1\Port\4\Attr , 71, %REG_DWORD%, 20300
ALL\1\Port\2\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "SDVOB"
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\1\Port\2\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\1\Port\2\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\1\Port\2\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
HKR,
ALL\2 , name, %REG_SZ%, "Atom_E6xx_10X7"
ALL\2\General , DisplayConfig, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\General , DisplayDetect, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\General , PortOrder, %REG_SZ%, "42000"
ALL\2\General , DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "LVDS10x7"
ALL\2\Port\4\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\2\Port\4\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\2\Port\4\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , bkltmethod, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT1, %REG_DWORD%, 60
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT2, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT3, %REG_DWORD%, 200
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT4, %REG_DWORD%, 50
ALL\2\Port\4\FpInfo , BkltT5, %REG_DWORD%, 400
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , PixelClock, %REG_DWORD%, 65000
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzActive, %REG_DWORD%, 1024
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSync, %REG_DWORD%, 24
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 136
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , HorzBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 320
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertActive, %REG_DWORD%, 768
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSync, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertSyncPulse, %REG_DWORD%, 6
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , VertBlank, %REG_DWORD%, 38
ALL\2\Port\4\Dtd\1 , Flags, %REG_DWORD%, 0x20000
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 27, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 26, %REG_DWORD%, 18
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 60, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 70, %REG_DWORD%, 100
ALL\2\Port\4\Attr , 71, %REG_DWORD%, 20300
ALL\2\Port\2\General , name, %REG_SZ%, "SDVOB"
ALL\2\Port\2\General , Rotation, %REG_DWORD%, 0
ALL\2\Port\2\General , Edid, %REG_DWORD%, 1
ALL\2\Port\2\General , EdidAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 3
ALL\2\Port\2\General , EdidNotAvail, %REG_DWORD%, 4
ALL\2\Port\2\General , CenterOff, %REG_DWORD%, 1
HKR,, No_D3D, %REG_DWORD%, 0
HKR,, PortDrivers, %REG_SZ%, "sdvo lvds"
HKR, ALL\1\General, DxvaOptions, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
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Intel® EMGD—Example INF File
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------[iegd_ICDSoftwareSettings]
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis", DLL,
%REG_SZ%, iegdglga
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis",
DriverVersion, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis", Flags,
%REG_DWORD%, 0x00000001
HKLM, "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\OpenGLDrivers\iegddis",
Version, %REG_DWORD%, 0x00000002
;===============================================================================
[Strings]
;---------------------------------------------------------------------; Localizable Strings
;---------------------------------------------------------------------Intel="Intel Corporation"
DiskDesc="Embedded Installation"
i900G0="US15 Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Function 0"
iTNC0="Atom™ E6xx Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Function 0"
iTNC1="Atom™ E6xx Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver Extension"
;---------------------------------------------------------------------; Non Localizable Strings
;---------------------------------------------------------------------SERVICE_BOOT_START
= 0x0
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
= 0x1
SERVICE_AUTO_START
= 0x2
SERVICE_DEMAND_START
= 0x3
SERVICE_DISABLED
= 0x4
SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
= 0x1
SERVICE_ERROR_IGNORE
SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
SERVICE_ERROR_SEVERE
SERVICE_ERROR_CRITICAL
=
=
=
=
REG_EXPAND_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_DWORD
REG_SZ
=
=
=
=
0x0;
0x1;
0x2;
0x3;
Continue on driver load fail
Display warn, but continue
Attempt LastKnownGood
Attempt LastKnownGood, BugCheck
0x00020000
0x00010000
0x00010001
0x00000000
§§
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Port Driver Attributes—Intel® EMGD
Appendix B Port Driver Attributes
B.1
Standard Port Driver Attributes
Port drivers are modules within the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver that
control SCH-specific modules such as SCH LVDS, SCH TV or add-on modules to SCH.
The table below lists the attributes available to port drivers. Some of these standard
attributes can be customized for specific port drivers and are detailed in the following
sections of this appendix.
In the following tables, device-specific (non-standard) attributes are highlighted in
gray.
• “Internal LVDS Port Driver Attributes (Mobile chipsets only)” on page 182
• “HDMI Port Driver Attributes” on page 183
• “Chrontel CH7307 Port Driver Attributes” on page 184
• “Chrontel CH7308 Port Driver Attributes” on page 184
• “Chrontel CH7315/CH7319/CH7320 Port Driver Attributes” on page 185
• “Chrontel CH7317b Port Driver Attributes” on page 185
• “Chrontel CH7022 Port Driver Attributes” on page 185
• “Chrontel CH7036 Port Driver Attributes” on page 187
• “Silicon Image SiI 1362/SiI 1364 Port Driver DVI Attributes” on page 187
• “LAPIS Semiconductor* ML7213” on page 188
• “STM* IOH ConneXt” on page 188
Note:
Not all standard attributes are supported by all port drivers. Please see the following
sections for details on the specific attributes supported by each port driver. Flat panel
settings are specified via the FPINFO options of the configuration; please see Table 21,
“Parameter Configuration Format” on page 58.
Table 34.
Standard Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 1 of 3)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID Number
Description
BRIGHTNESS
0
Brightness adjustment.
CONTRAST
1
Contrast adjustment.
HUE
2
Hue adjustment.
FLICKER
3
Setting to reduce flicker.
HPOSITION
4
Controls the horizontal position of the display.
VPOSITION
5
Controls the vertical position of the display.
HSCALE
6
Horizontal scaling ratio.
VSCALE
7
Vertical scaling ratio.
TVFORMAT
8
TV formats are device-specific.
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Intel® EMGD—Port Driver Attributes
Table 34.
Standard Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 2 of 3)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID Number
Description
Allows selection of different displays for multi-display
devices. This attribute is device-specific.
DISPLAY TYPE
9
LUMA FILTER
10
TV Luma Filter adjustment.
CHROMA FILTER
11
Chroma Filter adjustment.
TEXT FILTER
12
Text Filter adjustment.
TV OUTPUT TYPE
14
TV output types. This attribute is device-specific.
SATURATION
15
Saturation adjustment.
PANEL FIT
18
Panel fitting. Yes or no.
SCALING RATIO
19
Output Scaling. Device-specific.
FP BACKLIGHT ENABLE
20
Enable flat panel backlight.
PANEL DEPTH
26
Can be either 18 or 24. 18 specifies 6-bit output per
color, 24 specifies 8-bit output per color.
DUAL CHANNEL PANEL
27
Is it a dual channel panel or not? Takes 0 or 1.
GANG MODE
28
For achieving a Gang mode output using two digital
ports.
GANG MODE EVEN ODD
29
Gang display even or odd. This attribute is to be set
along with Gang mode (28). This mode (Gang Mode
Even Odd) puts even pixels on one digital port and odd
pixels on the other, and needs to be selected based on
the display panel used.
SHARPNESS
31
Sharpness.
HWCONFIG
32
Hardware Configuration for sDVO encoders that support
multiple configurations.
HORZFILTER
33
Horizontal Filter.
VERTFILTER
34
Vertical Filter.
FRAME BUFFER GAMMA
35
Framebuffer gamma correction.
FRAME BUFFER BRIGHTNESS
36
Framebuffer brightness.
FRAME BUFFER CONTRAST
37
Framebuffer contrast.
2D FLICKER
39
Two-dimension flicker.
ADAPTIVE FLICKER
40
Adaptive flicker.
HORIZONTAL OVERSCAN
41
Horizontal overscan.
VERTICAL OVERSCAN
42
Vertical overscan.
SPREAD SPECTRUM CLOCKING
43
Spectrum Clocking
DOT_CRAWL
44
Dot crawl affects the edges of color and manifests itself
as moving dots of color along these edges.
DITHER
45
Dither setting
PANEL PROTECT HSYNC
46
Horizontal sync panel protection
PANEL PROTECT VSYNC
47
Vertical sync panel protection
PANEL PROTECT PIXCLK
48
Pixel clock protection
LVDS PANEL TYPE
49
This is used to select SPWG vs. OpenLDI panel types. 0
= SPWG; 1 = OpenLDI.
VGA 2X IMAGE
57
Controls VGA image in Gang mode.
TEXT ENHANCEMENT
58
Controls text tuning.
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Port Driver Attributes—Intel® EMGD
Table 34.
Standard Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 3 of 3)
Attribute Name
B.2
Attribute
ID Number
Description
MAINTAIN ASPECT RATIO
59
This controls scaled image to match source image
aspect ratio or full screen image.
FIXED TIMING
60
This indicates whether the attached display is a fixed
timing display.
INTENSITY
70
This attribute provides a method to control the backlight
intensity. It is not a method to turn on backlight but
provides a way to adjust its value in percentages from
0% to 100%
Port Driver Attributes
This section provides the supported attributes for each of the port drivers.
B.2.1
Internal LVDS Port Driver Attributes (Mobile chipsets only)
Table 35.
Internal LVDS Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 1 of 2)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
PANELDEPTH
26
Specify Panel Depth based
on connected panel.
DUALCHANNEL
27
Single or Dual Channel Panel
Possible Ranges
Default is 18, however, on some
SCH chipsets 24-bit also is
supported. For example,US15W
supports both 18 and 24-bit
outputs.
0 = Single
1 = Dual
Default is 0.
3-9 for US15W
0-15 for other chipsets
Default = 7
Step = 1
SPREAD SPECTRUM CLOCKING
43
Spectrum Clocking
Notes: This setting changes
the EMI characteristics,
which can be measured
with tuning equipment.
The change will not
necessarily be visible in
the display.
For US15W/WP/WPT,
when Spread Spectrum
Clocking (SSC) setting
is enabled, the 100Mhz
input clock is selected.
When SSC disabled,
96MHz input clock is
selected.
DITHER
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On and off Dithering
Dither=0 for
Dither=1 for
Default:
• dither =
• dither =
24-bit panels
18-bit panels
1 for 18-bit panels
0 for 24-bit panels.
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Intel® EMGD—Port Driver Attributes
Table 35.
Internal LVDS Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 2 of 2)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
Possible Ranges
LVDS PANEL TYPE
49
LVDS panel connector.
0 = SPWG formatted LVDS
output (default)
1 = OpenLDI unbalanced color
mapping output
Default = 0
FIXED TIMING
60
This indicates whether
attached display is a fixed
timing display.
0 = on
1 = off
70
This attribute provides a
method to control the
backlight intensity. It is not a
method to turn on backlight
but provides a way to adjust
its value in percentages from
0% to 100%
Valid range is 0-100%.
Default is 100.
INTENSITY
Valid range is 0-65535 Hz.
Typical value is 300 – 1000.
Default depends on the board.
INVERTER FREQUENCY
BACKLIGHT LEGACY MODE
71
72
A method of controlling the
backlight. It determines the
number of time base events
in total for a complete cycle
of modulated backlight
control.
A method for controlling
whether to use legacy mode
for PWM duty cycle. Legacy
mode is where the PWM duty
cycle will be calculated using
a combination of Backlight
duty cycle and Legacy
backlight Control (LBPC). In
non-legacy mode, it will be
calculated using Backlight
duty cycle only.
B.2.2
HDMI Port Driver Attributes
B.2.2.1
Audio
For Atom E6xx, default is
20300. For most boards, default
is 0.
Note:
For Atom E6xx
platforms provided by
Intel to EA customers,
the inverter frequency
and intensity needs to
be set.
Valid values are 0 for non-legacy
mode or 1 for legacy mode.
Default is 0.
The Intel® EMGD package does not include an HDMI audio driver, so you must obtain
and install the driver yourself. The HDMI audio driver needs to support Intel HD Audio
to be compatible with Intel® EMGD. You must also obtain Microsoft patch KB888111 to
enable HDMI audio. Intel® EMGD supports only the Windows* HDMI audio driver.
B.2.2.2
sDVO-HDMI (CH7315)
Intel® EMGD supports only one type of sDVO-HDMI encoder, which is CH7315. sDVO-B
cannot coexist with HDMI-B; sDVO-C cannot coexist with HDMI-C.
sDVO takes precedence over the HDMI port driver. If no sDVO encoder is available
HDMI is automatically loaded by default (only in the GM45 Express chipset).
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Port Driver Attributes—Intel® EMGD
B.2.2.3
Internal HDMI
Internal HDMI is available only for the GM45 Express chipset. Only one HDMI port has
audio at any one time. The first port in the port order has audio while the second port
would have only display without audio.
Only one HDMI port has HDCP at any one time. The first port to receive a request for
HDCP has HDCP enabled only in that port.
B.2.2.4
HDCP
HDCP is supported through the Certified Output Protection Protocol* (COPP) interface
in Windows.
B.2.3
Chrontel CH7307 Port Driver Attributes
The table below shows the attributes for the Chrontel CH7307* port driver.
Note:
For flat panel backlight timing settings, please see Table 21, “Parameter Configuration
Format” on page 58.
Table 36.
Chrontel CH7307 Port Driver Attributes
B.2.4
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
SPREAD SPECTRUM CLOCKING
43
Spectrum clocking
0-15
Default = 0
Step = 1
FIXED TIMING
60
This indicates whether
attached display is a fixed
timing display.
0 = off
1 = on
Description
Possible Ranges
Chrontel CH7308 Port Driver Attributes
The table below shows the attributes for the Chrontel CH7308* port driver.
Note:
For FPINFO panel width, height, and backlight timing settings, please see Table 21,
“Parameter Configuration Format” on page 58.
Table 37.
Chrontel CH7308 Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 1 of 2)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
Possible Ranges
LVDS COLOR DEPTH
26
Panel depth
18 = 18 bits
24 = 24 bits
Default = 18
DUAL_CHANNEL
27
Dual-channel pane
Default - 0
SPREAD SPECTRUM CLOCKING
43
Spectrum Clocking
0-15
Default = 7
Step = 1
DITHER
45
Dither setting
Default = 0
HSYNC PANEL PROTECTION
46
Horizontal sync panel
protection
Default = 0
VSYNC PANEL PROTECTION
47
Vertical sync panel
protection
Default = 0
PIXEL CLOCK PROTECTION
48
Pixel clock protection
Default = 0
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Intel® EMGD—Port Driver Attributes
Table 37.
Chrontel CH7308 Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 2 of 2)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
Possible Ranges
LVDS PANEL TYPE
49
LVDS panel connector.
0 = SPWG formatted LVDS
output (default)
1 = OpenLDI unbalanced color
mapping output
Default = 0
TEXT ENHANCEMENT
58
Controls text tuning.
0-4.
FIXED TIMING
60
This indicates whether
attached display is a fixed
timing display.
0 = off
1 = on
B.2.5
Chrontel CH7315/CH7319/CH7320 Port Driver Attributes
Note:
For flat panel backlight timing settings, please see Table 21, “Parameter Configuration
Format” on page 58.
B.2.6
Chrontel CH7317b Port Driver Attributes
The table below shows the attributes for the Chrontel CH7317b port driver.
Table 38.
Chrontel CH7317b Port Driver Attributes
Attribute Name
VGA BYPASS
B.2.7
Attribute
ID
Description
9
Enables VGA bypass. To
enable VGA Bypass, this
configuration setting line
must exist in the
configuration file with the
value of 2. Attribute 9 is
used to enable selection of
several possible display
types based on what was
supported on an sDVO
device as defined in sDVO
specifications. Default value
of 2 represent VGA display.
Possible Ranges
1) Enable VGA Bypass
Chrontel CH7022 Port Driver Attributes
The table below shows the attributes for the Chrontel CH7022 port driver.
Table 39.
Chrontel CH7022 Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 1 of 2)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
Possible Ranges
9
Allows selection of different
displays for multi-display
devices. This attribute is
device-specific.
Note: TV Out is not
available with
VBIOS.
1)
2)
3)
4)
BRIGHTNESS
0
Brightness adjustment.
0-255
SATURATION
15
Saturation adjustment.
0-127
DISPLAY TYPE
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VGA Bypass (2)
Composite (4)
S-Video (8)
YPrPb (16)
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Port Driver Attributes—Intel® EMGD
Table 39.
Chrontel CH7022 Port Driver Attributes (Sheet 2 of 2)
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
Possible Ranges
HUE
2
Hue adjustment.
0-127
CONTRAST
1
Contrast adjustment.
0-127
HORIZONTAL OVERSCAN
41
Horizontal overscan.
0-47
VERTICAL OVERSCAN
42
Vertical overscan.
0-47
VERTICAL POSITION/
VPOSITION
5
Controls the vertical position
of the display.
0-1023
SHARPNESS
31
Sharpness.
0-7
TV CHROMA FILTER
11
ChromaFilter adjustment.
0-3
TV LUMA FILTER
10
TV Luma Filter adjustment.
0-2
ADAPTIVE FLICKER FILTER
40
Adaptive flicker.
0-7
44
Dot crawl affects the edges
of color and manifests itself
as moving dots of color
along these edges.
1) Have Dot Crawl Run Freely
(0)
2) Freeze Dot Crawl (1)
TV formats are devicespecific.
Refer to the Attributes Page for
the complete list of choices.
DOT CRAWL
TV OUTPUT FORMAT
8
ANALOG SOURCE
52
VGA
1)
2)
3)
4)
SCAN INFORMATION
53
TV attributes are device
specific.
1) No Data (0)
2) Overscanned (1)
3) Under scanned (2)
PICTURE ASPECT RATIO
54
The relative horizontal and
vertical sizes.
1) No Data (0)
2) 4:3 (1)
3) 16:9 (2)
Output ratio.
1) No Data (0)
2) Active Format (1)
3) Square Pixels(8)
4) 4:3 Center (9)
5) 16:9 Center (10)
6) 14:9 Center (11)
7) 16:9 Letterbox (Top)(2)
8) 14:9 Letterbox (Top)(3)
9) 16:9 Letterbox (Center)
10) 4:3 (with shoot and protect
14:9 center)
11) 16:9 (with shoot and
protect 14:9 center) (10610)
12) 16:9 (with shoot and
protect 4:3 center)
ACTIVE FORMAT RATIO
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No Data (0)
Analog Source (1)
Pre-recorded Packaged (2)
Not Analog Pre-recorded (3)
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Intel® EMGD—Port Driver Attributes
B.2.8
Chrontel CH7036 Port Driver Attributes
The table below shows the attributes for the Chrontel CH7036 port driver.
Table 40.
Chrontel CH7036 Port Driver Attributes
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID
Description
Possible Ranges
H POSITION
4
Horizontal position
adjustment for VGA output
0-4096
2048 (Default)
V POSITION
5
Vertical position adjustment
for VGA output
0-4096
2048 (Default)
6
Horizontal display image size
adjustment. Does not apply
if video output is bypassed.
H SCALE
V SCALE
Display Channel
7
9
Vertical display image size
adjustment. Do not apply if
video output is bypass
1 - 20
15 (HDMI Default)
Note:
If CRT is detected, CRT
Default (18) is used.
1 - 20
15 (HDMI Default)
Note:
If CRT is detected, CRT
Default (18) is used.
Display output channel
selection.
Possible Range:
1- Auto-Detect (Default)
2 -LVDS+HDMI
3- LVDS+DVI
4- LVDS+VGA
5- HDMI
6- DVI
7- VGA
0: for 18-bit
(default)
1: for 18-bit
2: for 24-bit
3: for 24-bit
input -> 18-bit panel
DITHER SEL
45
Enable CH7036 LVDS panel
dithering function if QUALITY
ENHANCEMENT is disabled.
AUDIO TYPE
89
Input audio format select
0 - SPDIF (Default)
1 - I2S
QUALITY ENHANCEMENT
93
CH7036 LVDS dithering
bypass function enable. If
enabled, DITHER SEL is
ignored.
0 - Disable
1 - Enable (Default)
input -> 24-bit panel
input -> 18-bit panel
input -> 24-bit panel
B.2.9
Silicon Image SiI 1362/SiI 1364 Port Driver DVI Attributes
Note:
For flat panel backlight timing settings, please see Table 21, “Parameter Configuration
Format” on page 58.
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Port Driver Attributes—Intel® EMGD
B.2.10
LAPIS Semiconductor* ML7213
/
Attribute Name
Attribute
ID Number
Description
Possible Ranges
DITHER
45
Dither setting
Default = 0
PIXEL CLOCK PROTECTION
48
Pixel clock protection
Default = 0
73
Red Blue color swap for LAPIS
RGB panel
RB SWAP
Enable = 1
Disable = 0
Default = 0
B.2.11
STM* IOH ConneXt
Attribute Name
DISPLAY TYPE
LVDS PANEL TYPE
Attribute
ID Number
Description
9
Allows selection of different
displays for multi-display
devices. This attribute is devicespecific.
Note: TV Out is not available
with VBIOS.
1)
2)
3)
4)
LVDS panel connector.
0 = SPWG formatted LVDS
output (default)
1 = OpenLDI unbalanced
color mapping output
Default = 0
49
Possible Ranges
VGA Bypass (2)
Composite (4)
S-Video (8)
YPrPb (16)
B.3
Chipset and Port Driver-specific Installation Information
B.4
Default Search Order
Note:
See more information pertaining to port order in the description for Section , “Port
Devices (Available Ports, Port Order)” on page 28.
Table 41.
Default Search Order
Chipset
Default Search Order
Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Intel
®
LVDS, sDVOB
US15W/US15WP/WPT
LVDS, sDVOB
B.5
Default GPIO Pin Pair Assignments
Table 42.
Default GPIO Pin Pair Assignments
Chipset
Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Intel
®
US15W/WP/WPT
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Default GPIO Pin Pair for
EDID
sDVOB
LVDS
4
2
4
2
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B.6
Default I2C Device Address Byte Assignment
Table 43.
Default I2C Device Address Byte Assignment
Port Driver
Default Device Address Bytes (DAB)
CH7315, CH7317b, CH7319,
CH7320, CH7022
0x70 (for first sDVO device)
0x72 (for second sDVO device)
CH7307
0x70 (for first sDVO device)
0x72 (for second sDVO device)
CH7308
0x70 (for first sDVO device)
0x72 (for second sDVO device)
SiI 1362
0x70 (for first sDVO device)
0x72 (for second sDVO device)
SiI 1364
0x70 (for first sDVO device)
0x72 (for second sDVO device)
§§
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Appendix C Intel® 5F Extended Interface Functions
The BIOS provides a set of proprietary function calls to control operation of the
extended features. These function calls all use AH = 5Fh in their designed interface for
easy identification as a proprietary function.
These functions are designed to maintain maximum compatibility with the Desktop and
Mobile Video BIOS. As such many of the definitions behave identically. When the
behavior of the Embedded Video BIOS is not identical to the Desktop and Mobile Video
BIOS it is noted.
In addition to these 5F functions, the Video BIOS also supports all 4F functions defined
by the VESA BIOS Extension (VBE) Core Functions Standard, Version 3.0 with the
exception of the 0A function (Return VBE Protected Mode Interface). All other
functions, from 00 through 09 and 0B are supported by the Video BIOS. The VESA
BIOS Extension (VBE) Core Functions Standard, Version 3.0 document is available from
http://www.vesa.org/vesa-standards/free-standards/
The table below provides a summary of the Intel® EMGD supported Intel 5F functions.
Table 44.
Summary of Intel 5F Extended Interface Functions (Sheet 1 of 2)
Function
Function Name
Description
Page
BIOS Extended Interface Functions
5F01h
Get Video BIOS Information
Gets VBIOS Build Information.
191
5F05h
Refresh Rate
Sets a new vertical refresh rate for a given
mode and returns the current vertical
refresh rate
191
5F10h
Get Display Memory Information
Returns information about the linear
memory.
193
5F1Ch
BIOS Pipe Access
Sets the BIOS pipe access and returns the
BIOS pipe access status.
193
5F29h
Get Mode Information
Returns information on the requested
mode.
194
5F61h
Local Flat Panel Support Function
Supports local flat panel features.
194
Allows SoftBIOS to do any system
callbacks through INT 15h
195
5F68h
System BIOS Callback
Hooks for the System BIOS
5F31h
POST Completion Notification Hook
Signals the completion of video POST
(Power On Self Test)
195
5F33h
Hook After Mode Set
Allows System BIOS to intercept Video
BIOS at the end of a mode set.
196
5F35h
Boot Display Device Hook
Allows System BIOS to override video
display default setting.
196
5F36h
Boot TV Format Hook
Allows System BIOS to boot TV in selected
TV format state.
197
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Intel® EMGD—Intel® 5F Extended Interface Functions
Table 44.
Summary of Intel 5F Extended Interface Functions (Sheet 2 of 2)
Function
C.1
Function Name
Description
Page
5F38h
Hook Before Set Mode
Allows System BIOS to intercept Video
BIOS before setting the mode.
197
5F40h
Config ID Hook
Allows System BIOS to supply a
configuration ID that is passed to the
driver.
198
BIOS Extended Interface Functions
The BIOS provides a set of proprietary function calls to control operation of the
extended features. These function calls all use AH = 5Fh in their designed interface for
easy identification as a proprietary function
These functions are designed to maintain maximum compatibility with the Desktop and
Mobile Video BIOS. As such many of the definitions behave identically. When the
behavior of the Embedded Video BIOS is not identical to the Desktop and Mobile Video
BIOS it is noted.
C.1.1
5F01h – Get Video BIOS Information
This function returns the Video BIOS Build information.
Note:
This function is an extension of the Desktop and Mobile Video BIOS. If register ECX
does not contain ASCII characters “IEGD” then the VBIOS is not described by this
specification.
Calling Register:
AX = 5F01h, Get Video Information function
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
EBX = 4 bytes Video BIOS Build Number ASCII string, e.g., ‘1000’
ECX = 4 bytes Embedded Identifier, ASCII string ‘IEGD’
C.1.2
5F05h – Refresh Rate
This function sets a new vertical refresh rate for a given mode and returns the current
vertical refresh rate and available refresh rate for a given non-VGA mode.
C.1.2.1
5F05h, 00h – Set Refresh Rate
This sub-function sets a new default refresh rate for the selected pipe. If the mode is
currently active, the CRT controller and other registers will be automatically
programmed setting the requested refresh rate.
Note:
This function is not entirely compatible with the Desktop and Mobile versions. It is not
possible to set the refresh rate for a given mode in advance. This function sets the
“desired” refresh rate which will be applied to all subsequent mode sets when possible.
If the mode provided in BL is the current mode, then a mode change will be
automatically performed.
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Calling Register:
AX = 5F05h, Refresh Rate function
BH = 00h, Set Refresh Rate sub-function
BL = Mode Number
ECX = Refresh rate (indicated by setting one bit):
Bits 31 - 9 = Reserved
Bit 8 = 120 Hz
Bit 7 = 100 Hz
Bit 6 = 85 Hz
Bit 5 = 75 Hz
Bit 4 = 72 Hz
Bit 3 = 70 Hz
Bit 2 = 60 Hz
Bit 1 = 56 Hz
Bit 0 = 43 Hz (Interlaced - Not supported)
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
C.1.2.2
5F05h, 01h – Get Refresh Rate
This sub-function returns current vertical refresh rate for the selected pipe and
available refresh rates information for a given Non-VGA mode.
Note:
This sub-function returns a status of supported but failed (AX = 015Fh) if executed with
a standard VGA mode.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F05h, Refresh Rate function
BH = 01h, Get Refresh Rate sub-function
BL = Mode number
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
EBX = Available refresh rates (indicated by one or more bits set):
Bits 31 - 9 = Reserved
Bit 8 = 120 Hz
Bit 7 = 100 Hz
Bit 6 = 85 Hz
Bit 5 = 75 Hz
Bit 4 = 72 Hz
Bit 3 = 70 Hz
Bit 2 = 60 Hz
Bit 1 = 56 Hz
Bit 0 = 43 Hz (Interlaced - Not supported)
ECX = Current refresh rate (see EBX for bit definitions)
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C.1.3
5F10h – Get Display Memory Information
This function returns information regarding the linear memory starting address, size
and memory mapped base address.
Calling Register:
AX = 5F10h, Get Linear Display Memory Information function
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
ESI = Display memory base address
ECX = Total physical display memory size (in bytes)
EDX = Available display memory size (in bytes)
EDI = Memory Mapped I/O Base Address
EBX = Stride (memory scan line width in bytes)
C.1.4
5F1Ch – BIOS Pipe Access
This function will set the BIOS pipe access or return the BIOS pipe access status.
C.1.4.1
5F1Ch, 00h – Set BIOS Pipe Access
This sub-function will set the currently selected pipe. All 5f functions operate on the
currently selected pipe.
When not in clone modes this value cannot be set.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F1Ch, BIOS Pipe Access function
BH = 00h, Set BIOS Pipe Access sub-function
CH = BIOS Pipe access:
= 00h, Pipe A
= 01h, Pipe B
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
C.1.4.2
5F1Ch, 01h – Get BIOS Pipe Access
This sub-function will return the currently selected pipe.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F1Ch, BIOS Pipe Access function
BH = 01h, Get BIOS Pipe Access sub-function
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
CH = BIOS Pipe access:
= 00h, Pipe A
= 01h, Pipe B
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C.1.5
5F29h – Get Mode Information
This function returns the requested mode’s resolution, color depth, and maximum
required bandwidth using its current refresh rate. This function is applied to extendedgraphics modes only. If the mode number is not an extended graphics mode, the
function will return failure.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F29h, Get Mode Information function
BH = Mode To Use:
= 80h, Current Mode
= 00h - 7Fh, Given Mode Number
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
EBX bits 31 - 16 = Mode horizontal (X) resolution in pixels
EBX bits 15 - 0 = Mode vertical (Y) resolution in pixels
ECX bits 31 - 16 = Maximum bandwidth in megabytes per second
ECX bits 15 - 0 = Color depth in bits per pixel
C.1.6
5F61h – Local Flat Panel Support Function
This function supports local flat panel only features.
Note:
Only Subfunctions 5h and 8h of the 5f61h interface are supported for the Embedded
VBIOS.
C.1.6.1
5F61h, 05h – Get Configuration ID
This function is used to return the Configuration ID.
Note:
This function is known as “Get Local Flat Panel Number” in the Desktop and Mobile
Video BIOS. This function performs a similar purpose however, the configuration IDs
have no pre-defined meaning. The Configuration ID is reported to the Intel® EMGD.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F61h, Local Flat Panel Support function
BH = 05h, Get Config ID Subfunction
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
BL = Config ID
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C.1.6.2
5F61h, 08h - Set the LVDS Backlight Level
This function is used to handle the LVDS backlight level.
Note:
To enable to LVDS backlight control functionality, ensure you configure the following
attributes in the CED Attribute Settings page:
— Intensity (attribute #70) to your desired value.
— Inverter Frequency (attribute #71) based on your requirement.
— Backlight Method (attribute #72) to Legacy + PWM mode(1)
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F61h, Local Flat Panel Support function
BH = 08h, Set the LVDS backlight level Subfunction
BL = 0 – 255 (backlight level)
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
C.1.7
5F68h – System BIOS Callback
This is a generic function that allows SoftBIOS to do any system callbacks through INT
15h. The Input/Output of this function is dependent on the definition of the desired INT
15h hook except for the EAX register.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F68h, System BIOS Callback Function
EAX bits 31:16 = System BIOS INT 15h Hook Function
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
C.2
Hooks for the System BIOS
The video BIOS performs several system BIOS interrupt function calls (interrupt 15h
hooks). Each function provides the system BIOS with the opportunity to gain control at
specific times to perform any custom processing that may be required. After each
interrupt hook, the system BIOS must return control to the video BIOS. INT 10h calls
could be made within the INT 15h hook calls provided that it is not recursive and thus
cause a deadlock.
C.2.1
5F31h – POST Completion Notification Hook
This hook signals the completion of video POST (Power On Self Test). The hook
executes after the sign-on message is displayed and PCI BIOS resizing.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F31h, POST Completion Notification Hook
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
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C.2.2
5F33h – Hook After Mode Set
This hook allows the system BIOS to intercept the video BIOS at the end of a mode set.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F33h, Hook After Mode Set
BH = Number of character columns
BL = Current mode number
CH = Active display page
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
C.2.3
5F35h – Boot Display Device Hook
This hook allows the system BIOS to override the video display default setting. The
graphics BIOS will set the returned video display during POST (power up initialization).
Note:
This function is not entirely compatible with the Desktop and Mobile Video BIOS. The
bits in CL have a configurable mapping to the Port Numbers as defined in Section 4.0,
“Video Firmware” on page 76. The assigned meanings used in the Desktop specification
can be duplicated with a correct configuration. The values below are the default values
if no “Common To Port” mapping is provided.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F35h, Boot Display Device Hook
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh);
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
CL = Display Device Combination to boot (1 = Enable display,
0 = Disable display):
= 00h, VBIOS Default
Bit 7 - 6 = Reserved
Bit 5 = Port 5 (or common_to_port[5])
Bit 4 = Port 4 (or common_to_port[4])
Bit 3 = Port 3 (or common_to_port[3])
Bit 2 = Port 2 (or common_to_port[2])
Bit 1 = Port 1 (or common_to_port[1])
Bit 0 = Port 0 (or common_to_port[0])
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C.2.4
5F36h – Boot TV Format Hook
This hook allows the system BIOS to boot TV in selected TV format state.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F36h, Boot TV Format Hook
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
BL = TV Format requested:
= 00h, No Preference
= 01h, NTSC_M
= 11h, NTSC_M_J
= 21h, NTSC_433
= 31h, NTSC_N
= 02h, PAL_B
= 12h, PAL_G
= 22h, PAL_D
= 32h, PAL_H
= 42h, PAL_I
= 52h, PAL_M
= 62h, PAL_N
= 72h, PAL_60
= 03h, SECAM_L
= 13h, SECAM_L1
= 23h, SECAM_B
= 33h, SECAM_D
= 43h, SECAM_G
= 53h, SECAM_H
= 63h, SECAM_K
= 73h, SECAM_K1
C.2.5
5F38h – Hook Before Set Mode
This hook allows the system BIOS to intercept the video BIOS before setting the mode.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F38h, Hook Before Set Mode
CL = New video mode to be set
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
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C.2.6
5F40h – Config ID Hook
This function is known as “Boot Panel Type Hook” in the Desktop and Mobile Video
BIOS. It allows the system BIOS to supply a configuration ID that will eventually be
passed to the driver. This configuration ID is unused by the Video BIOS; however, it
alters the behavior of the driver as described in Section 4.0, “Video Firmware” on
page 76.
Calling Registers:
AX = 5F40h, Config ID Hook
Return Registers:
AX = Return Status (function not supported if AL != 5Fh):
= 005Fh, Function supported and successful
= 015Fh, Function supported but failed
CL = Configuration ID
§§
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Intel® EMGD—2D/3D API Support
Appendix D 2D/3D API Support
This sectionprovides information on supported and non-supported OpenGL and OpenGL
ES APIs. See Section 7.4.13, “OpenGL Support” on page 159 for additional information.
D.1
2D Support
Intel® EMGD provides 2D capabilities on Linux through XRender and OpenVG 1.1 and
on Windows through DirectX*/GDI.
D.2
3D Support
Intel® EMGD provides 3D capabilities through several industry-standard APIs, such as
OpenGL, OpenGL ES, Direct3D, and D3DMobile. These APIs are described in the
following sections.
D.2.1
OpenGL APIs
The following OpenGL versions are supported:
• OGLES 1.1 and 2.0
• OGL 2.0 and 2.1 (Linux only)
• OpenVG 1.1 (Windows Embedded Compact 7 and Linux)
• EGL
For general OpenGL information, visit http://www.opengl.org/about/overview/.
Table 45.
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs for Windows (Sheet 1 of 3)
GL_APPLE_packed_pixels
GL_ARB_depth_texture
GL_ARB_draw_buffers
GL_ARB_fragment_program
GL_ARB_fragment_shader
GL_ARB_multisample
GL_ARB_multitexture
GL_ARB_pixel_buffer_object
GL_ARB_point_parameters
GL_ARB_point_sprite
GL_ARB_shader_objects
GL_ARB_shading_language_100
GL_ARB_shading_language_120
*Not supported on Intel US15W series chipsets.
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Table 45.
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs for Windows (Sheet 2 of 3)
GL_ARB_shadow
GL_ARB_texture_border_clamp
GL_ARB_texture_compression
GL_ARB_texture_cube_map
GL_ARB_texture_env_add
GL_ARB_texture_env_combine
GL_ARB_texture_env_crossbar
GL_ARB_texture_env_dot3
GL_ARB_texture_mirrored_repeat
GL_ARB_texture_non_power_of_two
GL_ARB_texture_rectangle
GL_ARB_transpose_matrix
GL_ARB_vertex_buffer_object
GL_ARB_vertex_program
GL_ARB_window_pos
GL_ATI_blend_equation_separate
GL_ATI_separate_stencil
GL_EXT_abgr
GL_EXT_bgra
GL_EXT_blend_color
GL_EXT_blend_equation_separate
GL_EXT_blend_func_separate
GL_EXT_blend_logic_op
GL_EXT_blend_minmax
GL_EXT_blend_subtract
GL_EXT_clip_volume_hint*
GL_EXT_compiled_vertex_array
GL_EXT_copy_texture
GL_EXT_cull_vertex
GL_EXT_draw_range_elements
GL_EXT_fog_coord
GL_EXT_framebuffer_blit
GL_EXT_framebuffer_object
GL_EXT_multi_draw_arrays
GL_EXT_packed_pixels
GL_EXT_paletted_texture
GL_EXT_pixel_buffer_object
GL_EXT_point_parameters
GL_EXT_polygon_offset
GL_EXT_rescale_normal
GL_EXT_secondary_color
*Not supported on Intel US15W series chipsets.
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Table 45.
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs for Windows (Sheet 3 of 3)
GL_EXT_separate_specular_color
GL_EXT_shadow_funcs
GL_EXT_stencil_two_side*
GL_EXT_stencil_wrap
GL_EXT_subtexture
GL_EXT_texture
GL_EXT_texture_compression_s3tc
GL_EXT_texture_edge_clamp
GL_EXT_texture_env_add
GL_EXT_texture_env_combine
GL_EXT_texture_env_dot3
GL_EXT_texture_filter_anisotropic
GL_EXT_texture_lod_bias
GL_EXT_texture_mirror_clamp
GL_EXT_texture_object
GL_EXT_texture_rectangle
GL_EXT_texture3D
GL_EXT_vertex_array
GL_IBM_rasterpos_clip
GL_IBM_texture_mirrored_repeat
GL_MESA_window_pos
GL_MESA_ycbcr_texture
GL_NV_blend_square
GL_NV_light_max_exponent
GL_NV_point_sprite
GL_NV_texgen_reflection
GL_NV_texture_rectangle
GL_OES_read_format
GL_SGI_color_matrix
GL_SGIS_generate_mipmap
GL_SGIS_texture_border_clamp
GL_SGIS_texture_edge_clamp
GL_SGIS_texture_lod
GL_SUN_multi_draw_arrays
Mesa 3-D graphics library 7.1
GLX_ARB_get_proc_address
*Not supported on Intel US15W series chipsets.
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Table 46.
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs
for Linux (Sheet 1 of 3)
GL_ARB_depth_texture
GL_ARB_draw_buffers
GL_ARB_fragment_program
GL_ARB_fragment_shader
GL_ARB_half_float_pixel
GL_ARB_matrix_palette
GL_ARB_multisample
GL_ARB_multitexture
GL_ARB_occlusion_query
GL_ARB_pixel_buffer_object
GL_ARB_point_parameters
GL_ARB_point_sprite
GL_ARB_shader_objects
GL_ARB_shading_language_100
GL_ARB_shadow
GL_ARB_shadow_ambient
GL_ARB_texture_border_clamp
GL_ARB_texture_compression
GL_ARB_texture_cube_map
GL_ARB_texture_env_add
GL_ARB_texture_env_combine
GL_ARB_texture_env_crossbar
GL_ARB_texture_env_dot3
GL_ARB_texture_float
GL_ARB_texture_mirrored_repeat
GL_ARB_texture_non_power_of_two
GL_ARB_texture_rectangle
GL_ARB_transpose_matrix
GL_ARB_vertex_blend
GL_ARB_vertex_buffer_object
GL_ARB_vertex_program
GL_ARB_vertex_shader
GL_ARB_window_pos
GL_EXT_abgr
GL_EXT_bgra
GL_EXT_blend_color
GL_EXT_blend_equation_separate
GL_EXT_blend_func_separate
GL_EXT_blend_minmax
*Note that glinfo will list the supported modes on the
current installation.
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Table 46.
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs
for Linux (Sheet 2 of 3)
GL_EXT_blend_subtract
GL_EXT_compiled_vertex_array
GL_EXT_draw_range_elements
GL_EXT_fog_coord
GL_EXT_framebuffer_object
GL_EXT_multi_draw_arrays
GL_EXT_packed_pixels
GL_EXT_rescale_normal
GL_EXT_secondary_color
GL_EXT_separate_specular_color
GL_EXT_shadow_funcs
GL_EXT_stencil_two_side
GL_EXT_stencil_wrap
GL_EXT_texture_compression_s3tc
GL_EXT_texture_cube_map
GL_EXT_texture_edge_clamp
GL_EXT_texture_env_add
GL_EXT_texture_env_combine
GL_EXT_texture_env_dot3
GL_EXT_texture_filter_anisotropic
GL_EXT_texture_lod_bias
GL_EXT_texture_object
GL_EXT_texture3D
GL_EXT_vertex_array
GL_IMG_texture_compression_pvrtc
GL_NV_blend_square
GL_NV_texgen_reflection
GL_NV_texture_rectangle
GL_S3_s3tc
GL_SGIS_generate_mipmap
GLX_ARB_get_proc_address*
GLX_ARB_multisample*
GLX_EXT_import_context*
GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap
GLX_EXT_visual_info*
GLX_EXT_visual_rating*
GLX_MESA_allocate_memory*
GLX_MESA_copy_sub_buffer*
GLX_MESA_swap_control*
GLX_MESA_swap_frame_usage*
*Note that glinfo will list the supported modes on the
current installation.
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Table 46.
Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs
for Linux (Sheet 3 of 3)
GLX_OML_swap_method*
GLX_OML_sync_control*
GLX_SGI_make_current_read*
GLX_SGI_swap_control*
GLX_SGI_video_sync*
GLX_SGIS_multisample*
GLX_SGIX_fbconfig*
GLX_SGIX_pbuffer*
GLX_SGIX_visual_select_group*
*Note that glinfo will list the supported modes on the
current installation.
Table 47.
Non-Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs (Sheet 1 of 2)
GL_3DFX_texture_compression_FXT1
GL_ARB_color_buffer_float
GL_ARB_fragment_program_shadow
GL_ARB_occlusion_query
GL_ARB_vertext_shader
GL_EXT_cull_vertex (on Atom E6xx)
GLX_ARB_multisample
GLX_EXT_import_context
GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap
GLX_EXT_visual_info
GLX_EXT_visual_rating
GLX_MESA_allocate_memory
GLX_MESA_copy_sub_buffer
GLX_MESA_swap_control
GLX_MESA_swap_frame_usage
GLX_OML_swap_method
GLX_OML_sync_control
GLX_SGI_make_current_read
GLX_SGI_swap_control
GLX_SGI_swap_control
GLX_SGI_video_sync
GLX_SGIS_multisample
GLX_SGIX_fbconfig
GLX_SGIX_hyperpipe
GLX_SGIX_pbuffer
GLX_SGIX_swap_barrier
GLX_SGIX_visual_select_group
WGL_ARB_buffer_region
WGL_ARB_extensions_string
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Intel® EMGD—2D/3D API Support
Table 47.
Non-Supported Intel® OpenGL APIs (Sheet 2 of 2)
WGL_ARB_make_current_read
WGL_ARB_pbuffer
WGL_ARB_pixel_format
WGL_EXT_swap_control
D.2.2
OpenGL ES 1.1
The following chipsets support OpenGL ES 1.1:
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Except where noted by individual chipsets, the following OpenGL ES 1.1 extensions are
supported:
• GL_ARB_multisample
• GL_EXT_texture_filter_anisotropic
• GL_EXT_framebuffer_blit
• GL_IMG_texture_compression_pvrtc
• GL_OES_blend_equation_separate
• GL_OES_blend_func_separate
• GL_OES_blend_subtract
• GL_OES_byte_coordinates
• GL_OES_depth24
• GL_OES_depth32
• GL_OES_draw_texture
• GL_OES_element_index_uint
• GL_OES_fbo_render_mipmap
• GL_OES_fixed_point
• GL_OES_framebuffer_object
• GL_OES_mapbuffer
• GL_OES_matrix_get
• GL_OES_point_size_array
• GL_OES_point_sprite
• GL_OES_query_matrix
• GL_OES_read_format
• GL_OES_rgb8_rgba8
• GL_OES_single_precision
• GL_OES_texture_cube_map
• GL_OES_texture_env_crossbar
• GL_OES_texture_mirrored_repeat
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D.2.3
OpenGL ES 2.0
The following chipsets support OpenGL ES 2.0:
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
Except where noted by individual chipsets, the following OpenGL ES 2.0 extensions are
supported:
• GL_OES_depth_texture
• GL_OES_standard_derivatives
• GL_OES_texture_3D
• GL_OES_texture_npot
• GL_EXT_texture_type_2_10_10_10_REV
• GL_OES_compressed_paletted_texture
• GL_OES_packed_depth_stencil
Table 48.
Non-Supported Intel® OpenGL ES APIs on US15W/WP/WPT
Non-Supported API Name(s)
GL_OES_stencil_wrap
GL_OES_compressed_ETC1_RGB8_texture
GL_OES_matrix_palette
GL_OES_EGL_image
GL_AMD_compressed_3DC_texture
GL_AMD_compressed_ATC_texture
GL_OES_texture_float
GL_OES_texture_half_float
GL_OES_texture_float_linear
GL_OES_texture_half_float_linear
GL_OES_vertex_half_float
GL_OES_vertex_type_10_10_10_2
GL_OES_fragment_precision_high
D.2.4
OpenVG 1.1
The following chipsets support OpenVG 1.1 on Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact
7 and Linux:
• Intel® System Controller Hub US15W/US15WP/WPT chipset
• Intel® Atom™ Processor E6xx
D.2.5
EGL
The following EGL functions are supported:
• EGL_NOK_image_shared
• EGL_KHR_image_base
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Intel® EMGD—Using the AMI* Video BIOS Utility
Appendix E Using the AMI* Video BIOS Utility
E.1
Introduction
The AMI* Video BIOS Utility (AVBU*) is a command line utility that can extract,
replace, insert, and delete PCI video option ROM modules from a ROM image file. This
utility is used in conjunction with the Intel® Embedded Media and Graphics Driver
(Intel® EMGD) CED utility. CED can be used to generate a customized video BIOS
(VBIOS) ROM file that meets your specific display settings. AVBU can then be used to
merge the VBIOS ROM image with the hardware platform system BIOS ROM image.
This utility is provided by American Megatrends Incorporated* (http://www.ami.com),
and is designed to work only on the specific hardware platform listed below. For other
platforms, please contact your hardware platform supplier. To obtain a copy of this
utility, please visit http://www.ami.com/crownbayavbu/ and register for your copy free
of charge.
E.2
Getting Started with the AMI Utility
1. To obtain the AMI utility, fill out the registration form at
http://www.ami.com/crownbayavbu/
After submitting the form you will receive a confirmation e-mail and a link to a
license agreement or a phone call to verify your information.
2. Using the link provided in the e-mail, download the utility.
3. Expand the utility with the password provided from the download page.
You will have an AVBU.exe utility and an AVBU Users Guide from the expansion.
4. Use the AVBU utility to update or merge your EMGD VBIOS with your AMI system
BIOS. Use the 'replace' (/r) command. This is an example replace command for
Crown Bay:
AVBU OABTN019.ROM /r vga.bin 8086 4108 /o updated.rom
E.3
Supported Hardware Platforms
Currently the utility exclusively supports the Intel® Atom™ Processor E660 with Intel®
Platform Controller Hub EG20T Development Kit.
E.4
Scope
The AVBU command line utility uses an internal table to control whether an option ROM
can be added or removed from the image, depending on its Firmware ID, Firmware
GUID, and the vendor and device IDs of the module.
This version of AVBU is designed to work specifically with the Intel® Atom™ Processor
E660 with Intel® Platform Controller Hub EG20T Development Kit; it will not function
on other platforms.
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E.5
Features
• Filtered access: an internal table controls access to option ROM modules based on
the identity of the BIOS and the module vendor and device identifiers. If there is no
table match, the program issues the error message: “Access denied”
• Extract or copy a video option ROM
• Insert or Replace existing video option ROM
• Delete video option ROM
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Intel® EMGD—Installing Video Camera Drivers for LAPIS Semiconductor* ML7213 Board
Appendix F Installing Video Camera Drivers for LAPIS1
Semiconductor* ML7213 Board
Note:
These steps should be done BEFORE installing Intel® EMGD or anything else.
1. These instructions assume that you have a fresh install of the MeeGo 1.2 IVI
release set up on your system. If that is not the case, you can download the
MeeGo 1.2 IVI installer from
https://meego.com/downloads/releases/1.2/meego-v1.2-in-vehicle-infotainmentivi
Installation instructions are available from the site.
If the GUI install mode does not work, try using text install mode instead.
2. If you are getting a blank screen upon boot, press CTRL-ALT-F1 to access a
terminal. You will need to modify your xorg.conf file to suit your display settings.
If you are using a 13-inch LVDS panel, use the following workaround:
Log in as root. Default password is meego.
mv /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.bac
mv /usr/share/doc/emgd-bin/emgd-cb.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf
reboot
3. Make sure your system time is set correctly in the BIOS.
4. Open a terminal (home menu, tools, others, terminal) and su to root. Default
password is meego.
5. Download the kernel source file kernel-adaptation-intel-automotive2.6.37.6-10.5.src.rpm from
http://repo.meego.com/MeeGo/releases/1.2.0/repos/oss/source/
6. Install it with the command:
rpm -Uvh kernel-adaptation-intel-automotive-2.6.37.6-10.5.src.rpm
7. Go to the folder /root/rpmbuild/SPECS.
8. Install the following tools:
zypper in rpmdevtools make linux-firmware elfutils-libelf-devel binutilsdevel newt-devel ncurses-devel libtool
9. Build the spec file:
rpmbuild -bp kernel-adaptation-intel-automotive.spec
10. Go to the folder
/root/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-adaptation-intel-automotive2.6.37.6/linux-2.6.37
11. Install gcc:
zypper in gcc
Note:
Do not install gcc before step 7 (rpmbuild), or rpmbuild will fail with an error message
regarding NETFILTER.
1. Formerly OKI Semiconductor.
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12. Configure the kernel:
make menuconfig
13. In the menu selection program, select the camera module you want to support:
a.
Go to the menu Device Drivers -> Multimedia Support -> Video Capture
Adapters -> Select IOH VIDEO IN Device
b.
Select the correct camera device for your system. If you are unsure, select
OV7620.
c.
Exit and save the configuration.
14. Build the kernel:
make
make modules
make modules_install
make install
15. Reboot
16. Install the EMGD drivers, libva, and GStreamer (see Section 7.3, “Installation” on
page 134 and Section 7.4.10.4, “Installing MPlayer” on page 157)
Note:
You may use the LAPIS camera drivers (Lin_Camera_EMGD_1.10, obtainable from
your Intel representative, or the QUAD system) or use the generic v4l2src drivers.
The following instructions presume use of the LAPIS proprietary drivers.
17. Uncompress the file:
tar xvf Lin_Camera_EMGD_1.16
18. Change directories to IEMGD_LIN_CPlugin\camera\eci
19. Build and install the eci driver
chmod +x autogen.sh
./autogen.sh
./configure --prefix=/usr CFLAGS=-O2
make
make install
Note: O2 = letter “O”2, not zero
20. Change directories to IEMGD_LIN_CPlugin\camera\gst_egd_camera_src.
21. Build and install the gstreamer egdcamsrc module.
chmod +x autogen.sh
./autogen.sh
./configure --prefix=/usr CFLAGS=-O2
Note: O2 = letter “O”2, not zero
make
make install
22. Enable Video In in the BIOS:
a.
Reboot.
b.
Press F2 to enter the CMOS Setup page.
c.
Go to Advanced, IVI IOH Options and set Digital Video Input Configuration to
Enabled.
23. Encode with the following command from terminal:
gst-launch-0.10 egdcamsrc num-buffers=1800 ! video/x-rawyuv,width=640,height=480,format=\(fourcc\)UYVY ! ffmpegcolorspace !
MixVideoEncoderH264 bit-rate=2000000 rate-control=CBR needdisplay=1 name=enc ! queue ! qtmux ! filesink location=~/test.H264 enc.
! vaimagesink sync=false
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