User`s Manual
User’s Manual
FreeZone! 2.5 Liter Freeze Dry Systems
Models
74200 Series
76700 Series
76705 Series
To receive important product updates,
complete your product registration card
online at register.labconco.com
Labconco Corporation
8811 Prospect Avenue
Kansas City, MO 64132-2696
800-821-5525, 816-333-8811
FAX 816-363-0130
E-MAIL [email protected]
HOME PAGE www.labconco.com
Please read the User’s Manual before operating the equipment.
Copyright © 2004, 2007, 2012 Labconco Corporation. All rights reserved.
The information contained in this manual and the accompanying products are copyrighted and all rights
reserved by Labconco Corporation. Labconco Corporation reserves the right to make periodic design
changes without obligation to notify any person or entity of such change.
Warranty
Labconco provides a warranty on all parts and factory workmanship. The warranty includes areas of
defective material and workmanship, provided such defect results from normal and proper use of the
equipment.
The warranty for all Labconco products will expire one year from date of installation or two years
from date of shipment from Labconco, whichever is sooner, except the following;
•
•
•
•
•
Purifier® Logic® Biological Safety Cabinets and PuriCare® Lab Animal Research Stations
carry a three-year warranty from date of installation or four years from date of shipment from
Labconco, whichever is sooner.
SteamScrubber® & FlaskScrubber® Glassware Washers carry a two-year warranty from date
of installation or three years from date of shipment from Labconco, whichever is sooner.
Blood Drawing Chairs carry a ten year warranty.
Carts carry a lifetime warranty.
Glassware is not warranted from breakage when dropped or mishandled.
This limited warranty covers parts and labor, but not transportation and insurance charges. In the
event of a warranty claim, contact Labconco Corporation or the dealer who sold you the product. If
the cause is determined to be a manufacturing fault, the dealer or Labconco Corporation will repair or
replace all defective parts to restore the unit to operation. Under no circumstances shall Labconco
Corporation be liable for indirect, consequential, or special damages of any kind. This statement may
be altered by a specific published amendment. No individual has authorization to alter the provisions
of this warranty policy or its amendments. Lamps and filters are not covered by this warranty.
Damage due to corrosion or accidental breakage is not covered.
Returned or Damaged Goods
Do not return goods without the prior authorization from Labconco. Unauthorized returns will not be
accepted. If your shipment was damaged in transit, you must file a claim directly with the freight carrier.
Labconco Corporation and its dealers are not responsible for shipping damages.
The United States Interstate Commerce Commission rules require that claims be filed with the delivery
carrier within fifteen (15) days of delivery.
Limitation of Liability
The disposal and/or emission of substances used in connection with this equipment may be governed by
various federal, state, or local regulations. All users of this equipment are required to become familiar with
any regulations that apply in the user’s area concerning the dumping of waste materials in or upon water,
land, or air and to comply with such regulations. Labconco Corporation is held harmless with respect to
user’s compliance with such regulations.
Contacting Labconco Corporation
If you have questions that are not addressed in this manual, or if you need technical assistance, contact
Labconco’s Customer Service Department or Labconco’s Product Service Department at 1-800-821-5525
or 1-816-333-8811, between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., Central Standard Time.
Document #7426100, Rev. F
ECO G733
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Freeze Dry Process
Freeze Dry Rates
Freeze Dry Capacity
Samples Containing Volatile Substances
About This Manual
Typographical Conventions
Your Next Step
1
1
2
3
4
4
6
6
CHAPTER 2: PREREQUISITES
Electrical Requirements
Location Requirements
Vacuum Pump Requirements
Chamber or Manifold Requirements
7
7
7
8
8
CHAPTER 3: GETTING STARTED
Unpacking Your Freeze Dryer
Freeze Dryer Components
Setting Up Your Freeze Dryer
Component Orientation
Vacuum Pump Connection
Electrical Connection
Drying Chamber or Drying Manifold Installation
Chemical Resistance of Freeze Dryer Components
Solvent Safety Precautions
9
10
10
12
12
12
13
13
13
15
CHAPTER 4: USING YOUR FREEZE DRYER
Freeze Dryer Controls
Operation Checklist
Vacuum Pump Ballast Setting
Operating the Freeze Dryer
Set-Up
Baffle
Automatic Start-Up
Manual Start-Up
Setting the Operating Vacuum Level
16
17
18
19
19
19
21
21
22
22
Pre-Freezing Samples
Adding Sample
Shut Down
Defrosting
Alarms
Power Failure
Line Voltage Out of Range
Temperature Out of Range
Service Vacuum Pump
Moisture in Collector
23
23
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
27
CHAPTER 5: MAINTAINING YOUR FREEZE DRYER
29
CHAPTER 6: USING THE RS232 RECEPTACLE
Computer Connection for Computer Interface
31
31
CHAPTER 7: TROUBLESHOOTING
Vacuum Pump
Gaskets, Tubing, Connections, Sample Valves
System Components & Collection Chamber Isolation
Refrigeration Module Operation
35
35
36
38
40
CHAPTER 8: MODIFYING YOUR FREEZE DRYER DISPLAY
Temperature and Vacuum Display
Line Voltage Alarm Points
Moisture Sensor Alarm
Modifying the Display
41
41
41
42
42
APPENDIX A: FREEZE DRYER COMPONENTS
46
APPENDIX B: FREEZE DRYER DIMENSIONS
51
APPENDIX C: FREEZE DRYER SPECIFICATIONS
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Conditions
54
54
55
APPENDIX D: FREEZE DRYER ACCESSORIES
56
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
64
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of a Labconco FreeZone®
Freeze Dry System, which is designed for laboratory lyophilization
procedures. The refrigerant used in the refrigeration system is
CFC-free so it will not endanger the environment. The unit is easy
to install and maintain. Proper care and maintenance of this
product will result in many years of dependable service.
Freeze Dry Process
Freeze drying is an important process in sample preparation and
for the preservation and storage of biologicals, pharmaceuticals
and foods. Of the various methods of dehydration, freeze drying
(lyophilization) is especially suited for substances that are heat
sensitive. Other than food processing (e.g., coffee, whole dinners),
freeze drying has been extensively used in the development of
pharmaceuticals (e.g., antibiotics) and preservation of biologicals
(e.g., proteins, plasma, viruses and cell lines). The nondestructive
nature of this process has been demonstrated by the retention of
viability in freeze dried viruses and microorganisms.
Freeze drying is a process whereby water or other solvent is
removed from frozen material by converting the frozen water
directly into vapor without the intermediate formation of liquid
water. The basis for this sublimation process involves the
absorption of heat by the frozen sample in order to vaporize the
ice; the use of a vacuum pump to enhance the removal of water
vapor from the surface of the sample; the transfer of water vapor to
a collector; and the removal of heat by the collector in order to
condense the water vapor. In essence, the freeze dry process is a
balance between the heat absorbed by the sample to vaporize the
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
1
Chapter 1: Introduction
ice and the heat removed from the collector to convert the water
vapor into ice.
Freeze Dry Rates
The efficiency of the Freeze Drying process is dependent upon the
surface area and the thickness of the sample, the collector
temperature and vacuum obtained, the eutectic point and solute
concentration of the sample. It is important to remember these
factors when trying to obtain efficient utilization of your Freeze
Dry system. A listing of selected materials and their approximate
drying times are shown in Table 1 for your reference.
Table 1
SAFE TEMPERATURE AND DRYING TIMES
FOR SELECTED MATERIALS
Material
Safe
Collector
Hours
10mm Thick
Temperature Temperature (Approx.)
°C
°C
Milk
-5
-40
10
Urea
-7
-40
10
Blood Plasma
-10 to -25
-40
16
Serum
-25
-40
18
Vaccinia
-30 to -40
-50
22
Influenza Vaccine -30
-50
24
Human Tissue
-30 to -40
-50
48
Vegetable Tissue -50
-80
60
*Total sample quantities are contingent on various freeze dryer capacities.
Up to the point of overloading the system, the greater the surface
area of the sample, the faster the rate of freeze drying. By contrast,
for a given surface area, the thicker the sample the slower the rate
of freeze drying. This is based on the fact that the heat of
sublimation is usually absorbed on one side of the frozen sample
and must travel through the frozen layer to vaporize water at the
other surface. In addition, as the sample is freeze dried, the water
vapor must travel through the layer of dried material. The thicker
the sample, the greater the chance that the dried layer may collapse
which would cause an additional decrease in the rate of freeze
drying.
The surface area and thickness of the sample can usually be
ignored when each sample contains only a few milliliters.
However, for larger volumes, the samples should be shell frozen to
maximize the surface area and minimize the thickness of the
2
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 1: Introduction
sample. The volume of the freeze dry flask should be two to three
times the volume of the sample.
In order for lyophilization to occur, ice must be removed from the
frozen sample via sublimation. This is accomplished by the
collector and the vacuum pump. The collector, which should be at
least 15 to 20°C colder than the eutectic temperature (melting
temperature) of the sample, traps vapor as ice. Since the vapor
pressure at the collector is lower than that of the sample, the flow
of water vapor is from the sample to the collector. Since this vapor
diffusion process occurs very slowly under normal atmospheric
conditions, a good vacuum is essential to maintain an efficient rate.
In many applications, the maintenance of a vacuum of 0.133 mBar
or less is recommended.
The rate of freeze drying is directly proportional to the vapor
pressure and the vapor pressure is dependent upon both eutectic
temperature and solute concentration of the sample. For example,
a solution of sodium chloride and water would freeze dry at a
slower rate than pure water. The eutectic temperature of a sodium
chloride solution is about –21°C and at this temperature the vapor
pressure is about 1/16 that of water at 0°C. Although the eutectic
temperature is not dependent upon the concentration of sodium
chloride, the vapor pressure of the water would decrease as the
concentration of sodium chloride increased. This is due to the fact
that as the solute concentration increases, less of the surface area of
the frozen sample is occupied by water. In general, most solutions
or biological samples will have a eutectic temperature of –10 to
–25°C. However, if the sample contains a simple sugar such as
glucose or if the sample is animal or plant tissue, the eutectic
temperature may be as low as –30° to –50°C.
Freeze Dry Capacity
The volume of a sample that can be freeze dried at one time is
related to factors discussed previously and the size and design of
the freeze dry system. With any given instrument, the capacity is
based on the surface area of the sample; the eutectic temperature
and concentration of the sample; and the rate and amount of heat
transferred to the frozen sample. Of these factors, the eutectic
temperature is the most important factor in determining the amount
of sample that can be freeze dried at one time, particularly when
flasks are used. This is because as the eutectic temperature
decreases, the vapor pressure decreases but the rate of heat
absorption by the sample does not change. This tends to promote
melting of the sample, which leads to a marked increase in vapor
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
3
Chapter 1: Introduction
pressure and ultimately overloads the collector and vacuum pump.
Samples that have eutectic temperatures of –20°C or lower should
be placed on the freeze dry system one flask at a time so that the
vacuum in the system may recover before adding another sample
to the system. If the vacuum does not recover, the capacity of the
freeze dry system has been exceeded and the sample should be
removed.
If there is a problem with a particular type of sample melting when
placed on the freeze dry system, dilution of the sample with more
water or providing some insulation around the flask to decrease the
rate of heat absorption by the sample may help. If the eutectic
temperature of the sample is –40 to –60°C, the freeze dry system
selected for use must be equipped with cascade type refrigeration
so that the collector temperature can be cooled to below –75°C, or
a dry ice/solvent trap may be used between the collector and the
vacuum pump.
Samples Containing Volatile
Substances
In certain cases the solvent in a sample to be freeze dried may
contain volatile components such as acetonitrile, methanol, acetic
acid, formic acid or pyridine. In addition to these substances
having an effect on the eutectic temperature, they may increase the
vapor pressure at the surface of the sample. Also, compared to
water, they will require the absorption of less heat for sublimation
to occur. Hence, samples that contain volatile substances will have
a greater tendency to melt, particularly when placed in flasks or
exposed to room temperature. If a sample containing a volatile
substance tends to melt when placed on a freeze dry system,
dilution of the sample with more water will help keep the sample
frozen. For example, a 0.2M solution of acetic acid is much easier
to freeze dry than a 0.5M solution.
About This Manual
This manual is designed to help you learn how to install, use, and
maintain your Freeze Dryer. Instructions for performing routine
maintenance and making minor modifications to your Freeze Dryer
are also included.
Chapter 1: Introduction provides a brief overview of the Freeze
Dryer, explains the organization of the manual, and defines the
typographical conventions used in the manual.
4
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Prerequisites explains what you need to do to prepare
your site before you install your Freeze Dryer. Electrical
requirements are discussed.
Chapter 3: Getting Started contains the information you need to
properly unpack, inspect and install your Freeze Dryer.
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer discusses the basic operation
of your Freeze Dryer. Information on how to attach samples and
run the Freeze Dryer is included.
Chapter 5: Maintaining Your Freeze Dryer explains how to
perform routine maintenance on your Freeze Dryer.
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle describes how to connect a
computer for monitoring the operation.
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting contains a table of problems you may
encounter while using your Freeze Dryer, including the probable
causes of the problems, and suggested corrective actions.
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Freeze Dryer Display explains how to
recalibrate your Freeze Dryer display.
Appendix A: Freeze Dryer Components contains labeled diagrams
of the components of the Freeze Dryer.
Appendix B: Freeze Dryer Dimensions contains comprehensive
diagrams showing the dimensions for the Freeze Dryer.
Appendix C: Freeze Dryer Specifications contains product
specifications.
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories lists the part numbers and
descriptions of all of the accessories available for your Freeze
Dryer.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
5
Chapter 1: Introduction
Typographical Conventions
Recognizing the following typographical conventions will help
you understand and use this manual:
•
•
•
•
!
!
•
Book, chapter, and section titles are shown in italic type (e.g.,
Chapter 3: Getting Started).
Steps required to perform a task are presented in a numbered
format.
Comments located in the margins provide suggestions,
reminders, and references.
Critical information is presented in boldface type in paragraphs
that are preceded by the exclamation icon. Failure to comply
with the information following an exclamation icon may result
in injury to the user or permanent damage to your Freeze
Dryer.
Important information is presented in capitalized type in
paragraphs that are preceded by the pointer icon. It is
imperative that the information contained in these paragraphs
be thoroughly read and understood by the user.
Your Next Step
If your Freeze Dryer needs to be installed, proceed to Chapter 2:
Prerequisites to ensure your installation site meets all of the
requirements. Then, go to Chapter 3: Getting Started for
instructions on how to install your Freeze Dryer and make all of
the necessary connections.
For information on the operational characteristics of your Freeze
Dryer, go to Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer.
If your Freeze Dryer is installed and you need to perform routine
maintenance on the Freeze Dryer, proceed to Chapter 5:
Maintaining Your Freeze Dryer.
Refer to Chapter 7: Troubleshooting if you are experiencing
problems with your Freeze Dryer.
6
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
CHAPTER 2
PREREQUISITES
Before you install your Freeze Dryer, you need to prepare your site
for installation. Carefully examine the location where you intend
to install your Freeze Dryer. You must be certain that the area is
level and of solid construction. An electrical source must be
located near the installation site.
Carefully read this chapter to learn:
•
•
the electrical supply requirements.
the vacuum pump requirements.
Refer to Appendix C: Freeze Dryer Specifications for complete
Freeze Dryer electrical and environmental conditions,
specifications and requirements.
Electrical Requirements
The Freeze Dryer requires a dedicated electrical outlet. This outlet
requires a 20 Amp circuit breaker or fuse for models rated at 115V
(60 Hz). An outlet equipped with a 15 Amp circuit breaker or fuse
is required for models rated at 230V (50/60 Hz). The power cord
on 115V models are equipped with a 20 Amp NEMA 5-20P plug.
Various power cord configurations are provided with 230V
models. If this does not match the available receptacle, remove
this plug and replace it with an approved plug of the suitable style.
Location Requirements
The Freeze Dryer should be located in an area that provides an
unobstructed flow of air around the cabinet. This air cools the
refrigeration system. The refrigeration system draws air through
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
7
Chapter 2: Prerequisites
the rear panel and exhausts it through the sides. A minimum of 3"
must be allowed between the back and both sides of the Freeze
Dryer and adjacent wall surfaces. Restriction of airflow during
operation could adversely affect performance.
!
IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE CONSOLE
MODEL FREEZE DRYER IS SECURELY
ATTACHED TO THE FLOOR AFTER IT IS
LOCATED WHERE IT WILL BE USED. THIS
WILL PREVENT ACCIDENTAL TIPPING AND
POSSIBLE INJURY. SEE INSTRUCTIONS IN
CHAPTER 3 GETTING STARTED.
Refer to Appendix C: Freeze Dryer Specifications for dimensional
drawings of the Freeze Dryer. The space for benchtop models
must be large enough to accommodate the vacuum pump, which
will be used with the Freeze Dryer.
Vacuum Pump Requirements
A vacuum pump must be provided by the user. A vacuum pump
with a displacement of 86 liters per minute and 0.002 mBar
ultimate pressure is adequate for most samples. The inlet fitting on
the vacuum pump must be suitable for 3/4" ID vacuum hose,
which is provided. It is recommended that the vacuum pump is
equipped with an exhaust filter to minimize oil mist exhausting
from the vacuum pump. The operating vacuum level may be set
on the Freeze Dryer. The higher the pressure is set, the more likely
it is that oil mist will be exhausted.
Vacuum pumps used with 115V models should be equipped with a
115V, 15 Amp NEMA 5-15P plug. Vacuum pumps used with
230V models should be equipped with a reverse IEC plug. This
plug is included with 230V models. This will allow the vacuum
pump to be plugged into the receptacle on the back panel of the
freeze dryer. See Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories for
vacuum pumps available from Labconco.
Chamber or Manifold
Requirements
A freeze drying chamber or manifold is not included and must be
purchased separately. These allow samples to be attached to the
Freeze Dryer. See Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories for
available chambers and manifolds.
8
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
CHAPTER 3
GETTING STARTED
Now that the site for your Freeze Dryer is properly prepared, you
are ready to unpack, inspect, install and test your Freeze Dryer.
Read this chapter to learn how to:
•
•
•
•
•
!
unpack and move your Freeze Dryer.
set up your Freeze Dryer.
connect the electrical supply source to your Freeze Dryer.
properly exhaust your Freeze Dryer.
safely use solvents with your Freeze Dryer.
The FreeZone 2.5 Liter Benchtop Freeze Dryer
System weighs over 82 lbs. (37 kg). The
Benchtop FreeZone Plus 2.5 Liter Freeze Dry
System weighs over 106 lbs. (48 Kg). The
Console FreeZone Plus 2.5 Liter Freeze Dry
System weighs over 152 lbs. (69 Kg). If you must
lift the Freeze Dryer manually, use at least two
(2) persons and follow safe lifting guidelines.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
9
Chapter 3: Getting Started
Unpacking Your Freeze Dryer
The United States
Interstate Commerce
Commission rules
require that claims be
filed with the delivery
carrier within fifteen (15)
days of delivery.
Carefully unpack your Freeze Dryer and inspect it for damage that
may have occurred in transit. If your Freeze Dryer is damaged,
notify the delivery carrier immediately and retain the entire
shipment intact for inspection by the carrier.
!
!
!
DO NOT RETURN GOODS WITHOUT THE
PRIOR AUTHORIZATION OF LABCONCO.
UNAUTHORIZED RETURNS WILL NOT BE
ACCEPTED.
IF YOUR FREEZE DRYER WAS DAMAGED IN
TRANSIT, YOU MUST FILE A CLAIM
DIRECTLY WITH THE FREIGHT CARRIER.
LABCONCO CORPORATION AND ITS
DEALERS ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR
SHIPPING DAMAGE.
DO NOT DISCARD THE CARTON OR
PACKING MATERIAL FOR YOUR FREEZE
DRYER UNTIL YOU HAVE CHECKED ALL OF
THE COMPONENTS AND INSTALLED AND
TESTED THE FREEZE DRYER.
Freeze Dryer Components
Locate the model of Freeze Dryer you received in the following
table. Verify that the components listed are present and
undamaged.
10
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 3: Getting Started
7670020
7670021
7670030
7670031
7670040
7670041
7670060
7670061
7670070
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
115
115
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
60
60
50
50
60
60
50
50
50
7670071
2.5L Benchtop Cascade Freeze Dryer
230
50
7420020
7420021
7420030
7420031
7420040
7420041
7420060
7420061
7420070
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
115
115
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
60
60
50
50
60
60
50
50
50
7420071
2.5L Console Cascade Freeze Dryer
230
50
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Plus the following:
Part #
7426100
1291000
7373450
1488800
7395801
7395800
7419300
7386901
Component Description
User’s Manual
Plug (230V models only)
Vacuum Hose
Hose Clamps (2)
Chamber Lid
Lid Gasket
Baffle (Cascade Models Only)
Fitting
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
1332701
Hz
60
60
50
50
60
60
50
50
50
50
1332601
Volts
115
115
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
1342100
Description
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
2.5L Benchtop Freeze Dryer
1336500
Catalog #
7670520
7670521
7670530
7670531
7670540
7670541
7670560
7670561
7670570
7670571
Teflon
Coated
Chamber
1336400
Power Cords
11
Chapter 3: Getting Started
If you did not receive one or more of the components listed for
your Freeze Dryer, or if any of the components are damaged,
contact Labconco Corporation immediately for further instructions.
Setting Up Your Freeze Dryer
After you verify receipt of the proper components, move your
Freeze Dryer to the location where you want to install it. Then,
follow the steps listed below.
Component Orientation
The refrigeration system in the Freeze Dryer draws air in through
the rear of the cabinet and exhausts air out through the sides. A
minimum of 3" should be allowed between the back and sides of
the Freeze Dryer and the adjacent wall surface. Restriction of the
airflow through the cabinet during operation could adversely affect
performance.
After the console model is positioned at the location where it will
be operated, it should be securely attached to the floor. Use (2)
1/4" x 5.0 long wood screws or lag bolts if the floor is wood or
concrete anchors if the floor is concrete. Two .312 diameter holes
are located in the floor of the lower cabinet. Using these holes as a
template, mark the floor directly under the two holes. Roll the
Console Freeze Dryer aside and drill suitable pilot holes for the
selected screws/anchors. Install the vacuum pump prior to securing
the Console Freeze Dryer to the floor. Roll the Console Freeze
Dryer back into position and install the screws/anchors through the
holes in the cabinet floor and into the building floor.
!
FAILURE TO ATTACH THE CONSOLE
FREEZE DRYER TO THE FLOOR COULD
RESULT IN ACCIDENTAL TIPPING AND
POSSIBLE INJURY
Vacuum Pump Connection
A vacuum pump as described in Chapter 2: Prerequisites is
required to operate your Freeze Dry System properly. The Freeze
Dryer is equipped with a 3/4" ID, heavy wall, vacuum hose for
connecting the collector chamber to the vacuum pump.
!
12
Make certain that the oil in the vacuum pump is
at the proper level.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 3: Getting Started
Place the vacuum pump near the benchtop Freeze Dryer models.
For console models, from the back of the unit, place the vacuum
pump on the floor of the cabinet.
!
TO MAXIMIZE THE STABILITY OF THE
CONSOLE FREEZE DRYER, POSITION THE
VACUUM PUMP AS CLOSE TO THE CENTER
OF THE CABINET FLOOR AS POSSIBLE.
Connect the vacuum pump power cord to the receptacle on the
back of the cabinet labeled “vacuum pump.” If the vacuum pump
has an off/on switch, turn the switch on. The vacuum pump will
be controlled by the Freeze Dryer. Connect the vacuum pump inlet
port to the vacuum tube on the back of the cabinet with the vacuum
hose and clamps provided. If necessary, cut the hose to proper
length to allow for gentle bends without kinks.
Models rated for use on 230V have a reverse IEC connector for
attaching the vacuum pump power cord. A plug is supplied that
can be installed on the vacuum pump power cord if necessary.
Electrical Connection
Plug the power cord into the receptacle on the back of the Freeze
Dryer and plug the other end into a suitable power receptacle.
Drying Chamber or Drying Manifold
Installation
The drying chamber or drying manifold, purchased separately, may
be positioned directly above the 3-inch hole in the collector
chamber lid. When vacuum is applied to the system, the chamber
will be held securely in place.
Chemical Resistance of Freeze
Dryer Components
The FreeZone Freeze Dry System is designed to be chemically
resistant to most compounds that are commonly used in freeze
drying processes. However, by necessity, the freeze dryer is
comprised of a number of different materials, some of which may
be attacked and degraded by certain chemicals. The degree of
degradation is dependent on the concentration and exposure
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
13
Chapter 3: Getting Started
duration. Some of the major components of the FreeZone Freeze
Dry System that are susceptible to degradation are as follows:
Chamber &
Fittings
Methyl t-Butyl Ether (BTBE)
Pyridine
D
D
C
C
D
D
D
C
D
C
D
D
D
D
C
D
D
D
D
C
Acetone
D
C
Sodium Phosphate
D
Calcium Chloride
D
Trifluoroacetic Acid (TFA)
D
Formic Acid
Dioxane
Silicon
Rubber
Stainless
Steel
Cyclohexane
Neoprene
Solvents
Carbon Tetrochloride
Collector
Lid
Hoses,
Gaskets &
Valve
Bodies
Flask Top
Material
Acetal
(Delrin)
Acrylic
Acetic Acid 20%
Component
Valve Stem
Buffers
Acetonittirle
Acids
D
D
C
C – Moderate degradation; Limited use
D – Severe degradation; infrequent use recommended; immediate
thorough cleaning required.
•
•
Most common compounds used in freeze drying processes, if
allowed to enter the vacuum pump, will degrade the oil and
cause damage to the vacuum pump.
Sugars and proteins typically will have minimal negative effect
on any of the materials of construction.
When using compounds in the Freeze Dryer that are hostile to the
materials of construction, it is imperative the equipment is
thoroughly cleaned after use.
•
•
14
Rubber and plastic components that have been exposed to
damaging compounds should be removed and flushed with
water.
The oil in the vacuum pump should be checked often. It must
be changed if it is cloudy, shows particles or is discolored. The
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 3: Getting Started
useful life of vacuum pump oil can be extended if the vacuum
pump is operated for an extended period of time after a freeze dry
run. This allows contaminants to be purged from the hot oil. This
must be done with the inlet to the pump blocked off to prevent air
from free flowing through the pump. If the pump is operated at an
elevated vacuum level (> 10mBar), oil may be expelled from the
pump and damage could occur.
Another way to extend the life of the vacuum pump is to install an
optional secondary trap in the line between the Freeze Dryer and
the vacuum pump. Contact Labconco for ordering information.
With prudent maintenance the FreeZone Freeze Dry System will
provide years of service. Warranty on the affected parts will be
voided if maintenance has been obviously neglected. If you have
questions about using specific compounds in the Freeze Dryer,
contact Labconco Technical Service at 1-800-821-5525 or 816333-8811 or e-mail: [email protected]
!
Solvent Safety
Precautions
Solvents used in the Freeze Dryer may be
flammable or hazardous to your health. Use
extreme caution and keep sources of ignition
away from the solvents. When using flammable
or hazardous solvents, the vacuum pump must
be vented to or operated inside a fume hood.
Hazardous materials such as strong acids or
bases, radioactive substances and volatile
organics must be handled carefully and
promptly cleaned up if spilled. If a sample is
spilled in the collector chamber it must
immediately be cleaned up.
WARNING: The disposal of substances used in
connection with this equipment may be governed
by various Federal, State or local regulations.
All users of this equipment are urged to become
familiar with any regulations that apply in the
user’s area concerning the dumping of waste
materials in or upon water, land or air and to
comply with such regulations.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
15
CHAPTER 4
USING YOUR FREEZE
DRYER
After your Freeze Dryer has been installed as detailed in Chapter
3: Getting Started, you are ready to begin using your Freeze Dryer.
Read this chapter to learn how to:
•
•
•
operate the controls.
understand the display.
connect samples.
!
16
Do not use the Freeze Dryer in a manner not
specified by the manufacturer (refer to Appendix
C: Freeze Dryer Specifications). The electrical
protection properties of the Freeze Dryer may be
impaired if the Freeze Dryer is used
inappropriately.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
Freeze Dryer Controls
The control panel for the Freeze Dryer is shown below with a
description about its function.
1
2
5
10
7
11
9
8
12
6
4
3
1. LCD Display – Displays system operating parameters, set-up
parameters and alarm messages.
2. Menu Switch – This switch is used to change the display from
operating system parameters to set-up parameters.
3. Select Switch – Used to select set-up parameters.
4. Vacuum Switch – Used to start or stop the vacuum pump when
operating in manual start-up mode.
5. Vacuum Indicator – This green LED indicates that power is being
supplied to the vacuum pump receptacle on the back of the Freeze
Dryer.
6. Manual Refrigeration Switch – Used to start only the refrigeration
module.
7. Manual Operation Indicator – When lit, the green LED indicates the
Freeze Dryer is being controlled manually by the operator. Each
function must be started by the operator.
8. Auto Mode Switch – Used to start or stop the refrigeration and the Auto
Mode process.
9. Auto Mode Indicator – When lit, the green LED indicates that the
Freeze Dryer is in Auto Mode. In this mode, the vacuum pump will
start when the collector temperature reaches –40°C.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
17
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
10. Vacuum Graph Display – This display indicates the relative system
vacuum level. The highest LED indicates that the vacuum level is
above 2.0 mBar. The indicators will sequence down when the vacuum
level reaches 2.0, 1.0, 0.8, 0.6, 0.45, 0.12 mBar. The lower green LED
flashes when the system vacuum level is 0.45 to 0.12 mBar and
illuminates steadily below 0.133 mBar.
11. Collector Temperature Graph Display – This display indicates the
temperature of the collector. The highest LED indicates the collector
temperature is warmer than 10°C. The indicators will sequence down
when the temperature reaches 10, 0, -10, -20, -30, -40°C. When the
collector temperature is –40°C or lower the green indicator will light.
12. Alarm Indicator – This red LED indicates that a system alarm has
occurred. Press the Menu Switch to display the alarm message on the
LCD display.
13. Main Power Switch – Turns the Freeze Dryer on or off. (Not shown,
located on the right side of the cabinet).
Operation Checklist
The following checklist should be followed prior to each use of
your Freeze Dryer:
1. Wipe the interior of the collector chamber with a soft cloth or
paper towel to remove any accumulated moisture.
2. Check the collector chamber drain hose to ensure that the hose
is free of moisture and that the drain plug is securely installed.
The Freeze Dryer will not start if moisture is detected.
3. Using a soft, lint-free cloth or paper towel, wipe the collector
chamber lid gasket to remove any dirt and contaminants that
could cause a vacuum leak. Vacuum grease is not required on
the lid gasket to obtain a proper vacuum seal.
4. Remove the accessory drying chamber or manifold from the
connection port and using a soft, lint-free cloth or paper towel,
wipe the port gasket and sealing surfaces of the drying
chamber/manifold to remove any dirt and contaminants that
could cause a vacuum leak. Reinstall the drying chamber or
manifold on the port. Vacuum grease is not required on the
port gasket to obtain a proper vacuum seal.
5. Check that each sample valve is closed or in the “vent”
position.
18
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
Vacuum Pump Ballast Setting
Most vacuum pumps are equipped with a gas ballast mechanism.
The freeze dry process requires high vacuum. Therefore, it is
recommended that the gas ballast be closed during the operation of
the Freeze Dry System. If the gas ballast is left open for extended
periods of operation, the oil can be pumped out the exhaust,
causing the pump to fail.
Operating the Freeze Dryer
Set-Up
The Freeze Dryer may be configured to automatically start the
vacuum pump when the collector temperature reaches –40°C. The
display units for vacuum may be selected to be mBar, Pascal (Pa)
or Torr and the temperature may be displayed as °F or °C. The run
time of the refrigeration system and the vacuum pump may be
monitored.
To configure your Freeze Dryer, turn the main power switch ON
and press MENU. The display will show:
VACUUM UNITS
mBar
•
•
•
Pa
Torr
Press SELECT until the desired units are flashing.
Press MENU.
The display will show:
VACUUM SET POINT
XXXX
YYY
Where YYY is the units selected above.
•
•
Press SELECT until the desired vacuum operating level is
displayed. See “Setting the Operating Vacuum Level” for
guidelines.
If “0” is selected, the vacuum control is disabled and the
vacuum level in the Freeze Dry System will be determined
by the capabilities of the vacuum pump.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
19
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
•
•
Press MENU.
The display will show:
TEMPERATURE UNITS
°C
•
•
•
°F
Press SELECT until the desired units are flashing.
Press MENU.
The display will show:
REFRIG TOTAL HOUR: XXXX
SERVICE HOUR: XXXX
•
•
To reset the SERVICE HOUR to 0 press SELECT. This
allows you to keep track of the time the refrigeration
system operated since it was serviced.
The display will show the refrigeration system hours.
REFRIG TOTAL HOUR: XXXX
RESET SERVICE HOUR: ?
•
•
•
•
To reset the service hours to 0, continue to hold SELECT 5
seconds until hours are reset.
TOTAL HOUR cannot be reset.
Press SELECT.
The display will show the vacuum pump hours.
VACUUM TOTAL HOUR: XXXX
SERVICE HOUR: XXXX
•
•
20
To reset the SERVICE HOUR to 0, press SELECT.
The display will show:
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
VACUUM TOTAL HOUR: XXXX
RESET SERVICE HOUR: ?
If you want to reset the service hours to 0, continue to hold
SELECT five seconds until hours are reset.
• Press SELECT.
• The display will show the RS-232 data transmission rate.
RS-232 TRANSMISSION RATE
10
•
•
SECONDS
To change the rate press and hold SELECT until the
desired time interval is shown. The time between data
transmissions may be set to occur at 10, 30, 60, 300 or 600
second intervals.
Press SELECT to return to display operating parameters or
after a short delay, the display will automatically switch to
show operating parameters.
Baffle
The cylindrical plastic component shipped with Cascade Freeze
Dryers (Models 76700XX and 74200X) is a baffle, which is
designed to evenly distribute collected ice over the entire collector
coil. Proper positioning of the baffle is required to achieve
maximum ice loading capabilities.
The baffle installs into the collection chamber with the flat flange
upward. The large boss on the flange should be positioned toward
the rear of the chamber. The arrow should point toward the front
of the Freeze Dryer.
Automatic Start-Up
To run the Auto Mode, press the panel switch labeled
REFRIGERATION AUTO. The green LED above the switch will
illuminate. This will start the refrigeration system. When the
collector reaches –40°C, the vacuum pump will start. The
Temperature and Vacuum Graph will indicate collector
temperature and system vacuum. The LCD display will show the
actual temperature of the collector. When the vacuum in the
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
21
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
system is above 5 mBar the vacuum display will indicate “HI.” At
5 mBar and below, the display will show the actual vacuum.
When the system vacuum is between 0.450 and 0.133 mBar, the
lower green vacuum graph LED will flash. When the system
vacuum level is <0.133 mBar, the green LED will be lit steadily
indicating that most samples may be added.
Manual Start-Up
To manually run the freeze dry process press the
REFRIGERATION MAN switch. This will start the refrigeration
system. The green LED above the switch will illuminate. When
the collector temperature reaches –40°C, the vacuum pump may be
started by pressing the VACUUM switch. The Temperature and
Vacuum Graph will indicate collector temperature and system
vacuum. The LCD display will show the actual temperature of the
collector. When the vacuum in the system is above 5 mBar the
vacuum display will indicate “HI.” At 5 mBar and below, the
display will show the actual vacuum.
When the system vacuum is between 0.450 and 0.133 mBar, the
lower green vacuum graph LED will flash. When the system
vacuum level is <0.133 mBar, the green LED will be lit steadily
indicating that samples may be added.
Setting the Operating Vacuum
Level
The vacuum level may be set by the user to optimize the freeze dry
process. Normally, the sublimation rate will increase if there is
less vacuum (a higher pressure) in the Freeze Dryer. A good
starting place is to set the vacuum so its level is equivalent to about
10°C colder than the eutectic or collapse temperature of the
sample. Adjustments to the vacuum level must be made for
various freeze drying conditions. Factors that must be considered
are whether the sample is freeze dried on heated shelves or in
glassware attached to manifold valves, the volatility of the sample
itself, the size of the sample and the heat energy supplied to the
sample.
Some guidelines for setting the freeze dryer are shown below.
These show pre-freezing temperatures and vacuum levels. Exact
protocols must be determined by the user for the specific samples
that are being freeze dried.
22
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
When the vacuum control is set to operate at less vacuum, the ice
holding capacity of the collector may be decreased. This can be
improved by installing a baffle in the collector. See Appendix D
Freeze Dry Accessories for the baffle part number. See the section
titled Baffle in this chapter for the proper installation.
Material
Bacteria,Virus
Milk
Fungi
Vegetable Tissue
Human Tissue
Blood Plasma
Vaccine
Solidification/Eutectic
Temperature
-40°C and Colder
-5 to -13
-40 and Colder
-25 to -50
-30 to –40
-10 to –25
-30 to –40
Pre-Freeze
Temperatures
-50°C &
Colder
-15 to -23
-50 & Colder
-35 to -60
-40 to –50
-20 to –35
-40 to –50
Vacuum Set Point
0.040 mBar &
Lower
1.65 to 0.77
0.04 and lower
0.22 to 0.01
0.12 to 0.04
1.03 to 0.22
0.12 to 0.04
Pre-Freezing Samples
Appropriate containers for freeze drying include ampules, serum
bottles, and wide mouth freeze drying flasks. Shell freezing of
samples is recommended for wide mouth freeze drying flasks.
Smaller samples in ampules and serum bottles may be frozen in a
freezer or in the center of the collector chamber. The sample
container size should always be at least two to three times the
sample size (i.e., 40 ml samples should be prepared in 80 ml
containers or larger). The temperature required for pre-freezing is
dependent on the characteristics of the sample. Pre-freezing
temperature typically is at least 10° to 20°C below the eutectic or
collapse temperature of the sample.
Adding Sample
The following procedure should be followed when using sample
valves in the freeze dry process:
1. Connect a pre-frozen sample to a sample valve on the drying chamber
or manifold using an adapter. Turn the plastic valve knob to the
“VACUUM” position to open the valve, which connects the attached
sample to system vacuum. The bevel on the knob should be
positioned toward the sample port to apply vacuum to the sample.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
23
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
Bevel in “vent” position
Vent/Backfill Port
Bevel in “vacuum”
position
Adapter
2. Before adding another sample, allow system vacuum to return
to 0.133 mBar or lower. Any combination of valves and
sample sizes may be utilized at one time provided that the
system vacuum and collector temperature remain sufficiently
low to prevent melting of the frozen sample.
3. When all the frost has disappeared from the outer surface of the
sample container and no cold spots can be detected by handling
the container, the sample is nearly dry. To be certain of low
final moisture content, dry the sample for several hours past
this point.
4. To remove a container after drying is complete, turn the plastic
knob on the valve to the “VENT” position, which closes the
valve and vents the container. Should backfilling with an inert
gas be required, connect the gas supply line to the vent port on
the valve before turning the plastic knob on the valve to vent
position. The sample container may now be removed. In the
vent position the bevel on the valve knob should point away
from the sample port.
5. Ampules may be flame sealed while connected to a valve by
using a sealing torch. Care must be taken not to burn the valve.
An insulation material placed between the valve and the torch
is recommended.
24
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
Shut Down
At the end of a run or when a sufficient amount of condensate
accumulates on the collector coil to obstruct the flow of vapor to
the collector chamber, the Freeze Dryer should be defrosted. First,
release system vacuum by turning the plastic knob on a valve to
the open position or by pulling the collector chamber drain plug
out of the drain hose. Now press the Vacuum Switch on the
control panel to turn the vacuum pump OFF. Press the
Refrigeration Switch next to the illuminated LED to turn OFF the
refrigeration system. Turn OFF the Main Power Switch on the
right hand side of the cabinet.
Defrosting
The following procedure should be followed when defrosting the
collector coil:
1. Pull the collector chamber drain hose out from the left hand
side of the Freeze Dryer and remove the drain plug. Place the
drain hose in a suitable container to collect the condensate that
will melt off the collector coil.
2. Remove the collector chamber lid and allow ambient room air
to melt the ice. Dispose of the liquid appropriately.
3. Flush the collector chamber with water and wipe chamber dry.
4. If rapid defrost is desired, pour warm water over the collector
coil. Do not allow the liquid to enter the vacuum port on the
upper rear of the chamber.
5. Reinstall the drain hose plug and slide drain hose back into the
side of the cabinet. Dispose of the liquid appropriately.
!
Utilization of acid requires immediate cleaning
and neutralization after defrost or physical
damage to the collector chamber and collector
coil will result.
Do not attempt to chip ice from the collector coil
as damage may occur to the coil.
Never attempt to start the vacuum pump when
there is liquid in the collector chamber. This
could result in damage to the vacuum pump.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
25
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
Alarms
A number of unusual events may occur during a lyophilization
procedure that can adversely effect the operation of the Freeze
Dryer. If an event occurs, the alarm indicator will flash and the
beeper will sound.
The beeper will automatically mute itself after one minute. The
specific alarm can be identified by pressing MENU. Pressing
MENU multiple times will display multiple alarms if they have
occurred. The following “out of specification” conditions will
initiate an alarm:
Power Failure
If a power failure occurs during a Freeze Dry process, the vacuum
control valve will allow air to bleed into the Freeze Dryer System.
If the failure is of a short duration and the collector does not warm
up excessively, when power is restored the Freeze Dryer will
restart and resume operation of the refrigeration and vacuum
systems. If the power failure lasts for a longer duration and the
collector warms above safe limits, when the power is restored, the
Freeze Dryer will not automatically restart. This prevents melted
sample from being drawn into the collector and prevents liquid
from being sucked into the vacuum pump.
When power is restored, the alarm indicator will flash and the
alarm beeper will sound. When the MENU button is pressed the
display will show
POWER FAIL
HOLD SELECT TO CLEAR IT
Press and hold SELECT for five seconds until the error message is
cleared from the display.
Line Voltage Out of Range
If the voltage supplied to the Freeze Dryer varies beyond allowable
limits, the alarm will be activated. When an alarm occurs, press
MENU and the display will show:
LINE VOLTAGE ERROR
26
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
The alarm will self-cancel when the proper voltage is restored.
The high and low alarm points are preset at the factory to
correspond to the normal allowable voltage variations based on the
nominal voltage specified for the freeze dryer. Some models may
be operated outside the normal voltage limits. See Appendix C.
If necessary, the high and low alarm points may be adjusted for
these models. See Chapter 8.
Temperature Out of Range
An alarm will be activated if the collector temperature rises above
–40°C. If this occurs, the display will show:
COLLECTOR TEMPERATURE
HOLD SELECT TO CLEAR IT
Press and hold SELECT for five seconds until the error message is
cleared from the display.
Service Vacuum Pump
The vacuum pump normally plugs into the vacuum pump electrical
receptacle on the back of the Freeze Dryer. When the Freeze
Dryer has accumulated a total of 1000 operating hours, the alarm
indicator will flash. Press MENU to display the alarm:
CHANGE VACUUM OIL
HOLD SELECT TO CLEAR IT
Press and hold SELECT for five seconds until the error message is
cleared from the display.
This will reset the 1000 hour timer. It may be necessary to service
the vacuum pump more frequently than every 1000 hours
depending on the operation of the Freeze Dryer. The pump oil
should be regularly monitored to verify that it is clean.
Moisture in Collector
If there is liquid in the collector chamber and either a
REFRIGERATION button or the VACUUM button is pressed,
neither function will start and an alarm will be activated. When
MENU is pressed, the display will show:
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
27
Chapter 4: Using Your Freeze Dryer
MOISTURE IN COLLECTOR
When the collector is drained, the alarm will self-cancel.
This feature prevents the inadvertent start of the vacuum pump
when liquid is in the collector and thereby can extend the life of
the vacuum pump.
A few drops of liquid may remain the drain hose after draining.
When the vacuum pump is started these drops may be sucked into
the collector chamber. This is normal.
28
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
CHAPTER 5
MAINTAINING YOUR
FREEZE DRYER
Under normal operation, the Freeze Dryer requires little
maintenance. The following maintenance schedule is
recommended:
As needed:
1. Clean up all spills; remove liquids from the chamber.
2. Clean lid and gasket using soft cloth, sponge or chamois and a
mild, non-abrasive soap or detergent.
3. Check oil level of the vacuum pump. It should be between
MIN and MAX. If the oil level is less than an inch (25.4 mm)
above MIN, add oil to proper level.
4. If oil shows cloudiness, particles or discoloration, drain the
pump and replace with fresh oil.
5. Utilization of acids requires immediate cleaning and
neutralization after a run or physical damage to the
collector chamber and collector coil will result.
6. Check the collection chamber for condensed or frozen solvents
and dispose of appropriately. Completely empty the collector
chamber before the next run or before attempting to start the
vacuum pump.
7. If sample valves leak or stems become difficult to turn, pull the
stem out of the rubber valve body and apply a thin coat of
vacuum grease to the stem. Reinsert the stem into the valve
body.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
29
Chapter 5: Maintaining Your Freeze Dryer
Monthly:
1. The rubber components on the Freeze Dryer may eventually
deteriorate and require replacement. The effective life of
rubber parts depends upon both their usage and the surrounding
environment. Check all rubber hoses and gaskets and replace
any that show signs of hardening, permanent set or
deterioration.
2. Using a soft cloth, sponge or chamois and a mild, non-abrasive
soap or detergent, clean the acrylic chamber lid.
3. Using a soft cloth, sponge, or chamois and a mild, non-abrasive
soap or detergent, clean the exterior surfaces of the Freeze
Dryer. Liquid spray cleaners and polishes may be used on the
exterior surfaces. Do not use solvents to remove stains from
the exterior surfaces as they may damage the finish.
Annually:
1. Every 12 months, or more often if the Freeze Dryer is operated
in a dusty environment, the refrigeration system condenser
should be cleaned. Using a vacuum cleaner with brush
attachment, clean the condenser to ensure proper airflow for
peak performance.
Front Access Panel Removal (Console Models)
The front stainless steel panel can be removed by placing a flat
blade screwdriver in the rectangular hole in the center of the kick
panel. Pivot the handle downward to disengage the latch and
simultaneously pull the bottom edge of the lower panel forward.
The lower panel is installed by first sliding the top edge under the
lip on the plastic control panel. Pivot the bottom inward and push
until the latch is secure.
30
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
CHAPTER 6
USING THE RS232
RECEPTACLE
The operation of the Freeze Dryer can be monitored using a
computer when it is connected to the RS232 receptacle on the rear
panel. The computer cannot control the operation of the Freeze
Dryer. The monitored parameters are the collector temperature in
°C and vacuum in microbars.
Computer Connection for
Computer Interface
Check your computer to see which type of serial port is provided,
then use a connecting cable below:
1. Computers with a 25 pin D-sub male serial connector
should use Connect Cable, Labconco part number 7537801,
to connect a computer to the Labconco Freeze Dryer.
2. Computers with a 9 pin D-sub male serial connector should
use Connect Cable, Labconco part number 7537800, to
connect a computer to the Labconco Freeze Dryer.
The purpose of the RS232 interface is to send data to a data
logging computer to monitor the state and activity of the Freeze
Dryer. This data is half duplex data. The data properties are as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Data Rate 2400 Baud
8 Bit word length
1 Start bit, 1 Stop bit
No parity is transmitted
Standard ASCII character set
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
31
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
The time between data transmissions may be varied by the user to
occur at 10, 30, 60, 300 or 600 second intervals. Press the MENU
button until the RS232 screen appears on the display.
RS-232 TRANSMISSION RATE
10
SECONDS
Press select until the desired time interval is shown.
The format of the transmitted message is as follows:
B<T= -48 V= 18 SF = 999 C=999 PG=9 >
Where:
B
T
-48
V
18
SF
9
C
PG
= Base Unit
= Collector Temperature
= Collector Temperature in °Celsius
= Vacuum
= Vacuum Level in Micro Bars
= Shell Freezer Temperature (not available on 2.5L models)
= Feature not installed or out of range
= Vacuum Chamber Temperature(not available on 2.5L models)
= Purge (not available on 2.5L models)
There are several commercially available software packages,
which can read RS232 data and enter the data into a computer
program, such as a word processor (to create a text file) or
spreadsheet (to tabulate and plot the data). Consult your laboratory
supply dealer regarding the latest software available. The
following describes how to use an IBM compatible computer with
Hyper Terminal™ software (included with Windows® 95, 98, XP
or 2000 operating systems) to collect the RS232 data from your
Freeze Dryer:
1. Make sure that the Freeze Dryer is properly connected to the
communication port on the computer.
2. Open Hyper Terminal™ software.
i)Windows® 95 or 98 use:
START/PROGRAMS/ACCESSORIES.
ii) Windows® 2000 use:
START/ROGRAMS/ACCESSORIES/COMMUNICATIONS
32
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
The first time Hyper Terminal™ is opened a dialogue box
requesting an area code and phone number will appear. Enter the
appropriate numbers and continue.
3. The “Connection Description” dialogue box will open. Type in
a user defined name and select an icon for the new connection.
Press “OK.”
4. The “Connect To” dialogue box will open. Using the down
arrow selection button, select the communication port to which
the cable has been connected. Press “OK.”
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
33
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
5. The “Com X Properties” dialogue box will open. Enter the
appropriate data properties and press “OK.”
6. When the Freeze Dryer main power switch is on, the data will
be transmitted and updated at the time intervals selected by the
user.
34
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
CHAPTER 7
TROUBLESHOOTING
Refer to the following if your Freeze Dryer fails to operate
properly. If the suggested corrective actions do not solve your
problem, contact Labconco for additional assistance.
Labconco Freeze Dry Systems that are clean, dry and without
samples attached should reach a vacuum of 0.133 mBar within 10
minutes and should achieve an ultimate vacuum of 0.033 mBar
within 18 hours when the refrigeration is operating. If the Freeze
Dryer does not obtain a satisfactory vacuum, perform the following
maintenance tests.
I. Vacuum Pump
First make sure that the vacuum pump operates. If it fails to
operate, check the electrical connections of the Freeze Dryer to the
power source and then check the electrical connection of the
vacuum pump to the Freeze Dryer. If the vacuum pump has a
power switch, make sure that it is turned on. If the vacuum is not
adequate when the vacuum pump is operating, proceed with the
following steps:
1. Check the oil and ensure it is clear and clean. If the oil
looks cloudy or has any particulates, replace the pump oil.
Sometimes it may be necessary to flush the pump with
clean oil several times. To flush the pump, run the pump 5
to 10 minutes to allow the oil to warm up. Drain the oil
and refill with clean oil. Repeat as necessary.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
35
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
2. Check the oil level in the pump. Ensure it is filled to the
correct level.
3. Check vacuum hose connections from the pump to the
Freeze Dryer and try running the unit.
If vacuum problems continue, consider obtaining a second vacuum
gauge capable of reading a vacuum of 0.010 mBar. It is often
useful in determining if the vacuum pump is operating properly
and the vacuum sensor reading is accurate.
4. Isolate the pump by disconnecting the vacuum hose from
the Freeze Dryer. Deadhead the pump by inserting the
vacuum sensor from a secondary vacuum gauge into the
end of the vacuum hose and observe the vacuum reading
obtained. Confirm that the pump is capable of achieving an
ultimate vacuum less than 0.010 mBar or approximately 10
microns. If an inadequate vacuum reading is obtained, the
pump has most likely failed and may need to be replaced or
rebuilt.
II. Gaskets, Tubing, Connections, Sample
Valves
1. Check all sample valves on the drying chamber/manifold
and ensure all valves are closed or in the vent position.
Check to ensure all fittings are tight and sealed properly
against the chamber. Inspect valves for cracks or cuts.
2. Inspect gasket(s) for cracks or defects. Ensure the gasket is
clean. Apply a thin coat of vacuum grease to the gasket.
Keep in mind too much vacuum grease can actually cause
leaks.
3. Check the drain line and ensure the drain plug is installed
and the tube appears to be in good condition.
4. Check all rubber vacuum tubing for signs of deterioration
or cracking.
5. Check all connections and make sure they are secure and
leak tight.
6. When checking the sample valves, pull as much vacuum as
possible. If a vacuum indication is displayed, wiggle or
rotate the valves and watch the gauge for any fluctuations.
Fluctuations can indicate a potential vacuum leak. If the
valve seems to be in good condition, remove the valve and
apply a thin coat of vacuum grease to the stem and the
outside sealing surface of the valve body, and reinstall the
valve. DO NOT APPLY VACUUM GREASE TO THE
36
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
SAMPLE VALVE GASKETS, WHICH SEAL TO THE
WALL OF THE DRYING CHAMBER. If the valve still
seems to be the source of the problem, remove the valve
and stopper the hole with a rubber stopper. Continue
checking the other valves.
7. Make sure that the sample valve bulkhead nuts are tight.
Either tighten by hand or use the wrench supplied with
chambers. To use the wrench, first remove the knob and
stem assembly and also the valve body. The pins on the
wrench fit into the round holes of the nut. The nut should
be snug but avoid over tightening. Replace the valve body
and knob and stem assembly.
The illustrations below show how the sample valve installs on a
chamber and a manifold.
Knob & Stem
Assembly
Valve Body
Valve Assembly (Clear Chamber with Valves)
Manifold Assembly
Valve Body
Bulkhead Nut
Thrust Washer
Valve Body
Knob & Stem
Assembly
Valve Body
Trim Ring
Valve Assembly (Manifold)
Knob & Stem
Assembly
Thrust Washer
Gasket
(No grease
required)
Bulkhead
Fitting
Valve Assembly (Stainless Steel Chamber)
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
37
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
III. System Components and Collection
Chamber Isolation
This test determines if the source of a leak is in the drying
chamber.
1. Remove the drying chamber or manifold.
2. Leave the gasket on and turn a large freeze dry flask upside
down to cover the connection port.
3. Start the Freeze Dryer and observe the vacuum indication.
If the vacuum indication is good, then the problem is in the
drying chamber or manifold and you should return to
Section II, Gaskets, Tubing, Connections, Sample Valves.
Freeze Dry Flask
Gasket
Isolating the freeze dry system from the accessory chamber/manifold
38
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
The following test determines if a vacuum leak is in the collection
chamber.
1. Insert a rubber stopper in the small hole in the rear of the
collector chamber and another in the drain port in the
bottom.
2. Start the Freeze Dryer and observe the vacuum indication.
If the vacuum is good, the problem is in the collection
chamber. If it is bad, the problem is in the plumbing
connections from the collection chamber to the vacuum
pump.
3. If the leak is in the chamber, check the drain hose, hose
connections and the drain plug.
4. If the leak is in the plumbing connections, check all rubber
parts, fittings and clamps.
Stopper
Checking the connections to the pump and the vacuum tube
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
39
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
Refrigeration Module Operation
Under a no-load condition, the FreeZone Single Stage Freeze Dry
System can achieve a collector temperature of –50°C or lower
within 30 minutes when the vacuum pump is operating, depending
on ambient temperature and humidity.
FreeZone Cascade Freeze Dry Systems should achieve a collector
temperature of –84°C or lower when the vacuum pump is
operating. If the collector temperature does not reach the design
temperature within 30 minutes, then the refrigeration module is not
functioning properly.
Cascade Systems (those that operate @ -84°C) consist of two
vapor-compression refrigeration systems in series connected
together via a heat exchanger. Each system has a compressor,
condenser, capillary tube metering device and an evaporator.
During the operation the evaporator of the “high stage” system
refrigerates the condenser of the “low stage” system. This takes
place in the heat exchanger. The low stage and high stage systems
are balanced by design, however, sometimes that balance can be
disrupted during operation and the unit will not function properly.
If the unit is overloaded, or if the unit is defrosted and restarted in
a short time interval, system unbalance is possible. If system
unbalance occurs, turn the Freeze Dryer off and allow the unit to
soak at ambient temperature for 2 to 4 hours.
If any repairs are required on the refrigeration module, contact
your local laboratory supply dealer. If your laboratory supply
dealer is unable to provide assistance, please call Labconco.
Repairs should only be undertaken by a competent refrigeration
technician or through an authorized Labconco service agency.
40
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
CHAPTER 8
MODIFYING YOUR
FREEZE DRYER
DISPLAY
Your Freeze Dryer has been carefully calibrated and tested before
shipping, however under certain circumstances it may be necessary
to adjust the calibration of the temperature and/or vacuum display
or to modify alarm points. Adjustments may be necessary if the
Freeze Dryer requires service or if it is operating on a line voltage
outside the voltage range at which the alarm was preset. This
DOES NOT mean that the Freeze Dryer may be operated at a
voltage outside the ranges shown in Appendix C.
Temperature and Vacuum Display
An offset may be added to the collector temperature or vacuum
display. Use an accurate traceable known reference to compare the
readings.
Temperature offset may be varied ±5°C in 1°C increments.
Vacuum offset may be varied ±0.020 mBar in 0.001 mBar
increments.
Line Voltage Alarm Points
The Freeze Dryer is designed to alarm if the line voltage varies
more than ±10% from nominal line voltage. Models rated to
operate on 115V are preset to alarm if the voltage drops below
approximately 103V or rises above approximately 127V. Models
rated to operate on 230V will alarm if the voltage drops below
approximately 206V or rises above approximately 254V. Some
models are designed to operate below these ranges (see Appendix
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
41
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Freeze Dryer Display
C). In these cases it is permissible to lower the low voltage alarm
point to prevent nuisance alarms from occurring.
Low line limit may be lowered in 5 increments of
approximately 2 to 3V increments for 115V models or
disabled.
Low line limit may be lowered in 5 increments of
approximately 4 to 5V increments for 230V models or
disabled.
High line limit may be raised in 5 increments of
approximately 2 to 3V increments for 115V models or
disabled.
High line limit may be raised in 5 increments of
approximately 4 to 5V increments for 230V models or
disabled.
Moisture Sensor Alarm
The moisture sensor alarm may be disabled. It is shipped enabled
as the factory default setting.
Modifying the Display
To enter an offset or to configure the alarms, perform the following
steps:
Press and hold MENU button (approximately 10 seconds)
until the display shows:
PRODUCTION MENU
MASTER RESET?
It is recommended that you do NOT perform a Master
Reset because all offsets and configurations that have been
entered will be lost. If you must perform a Master Reset,
hold SELECT approximately 5 seconds.
This will reset:
Vacuum units to mBar
Vacuum set point to 0 mBar
Temperature units to °C
Refrigeration total hours to 0
Vacuum pump total hours to 0
RS232 transmission rate to 10 seconds
Temperature offset to 0°C
Vacuum offset to 0 mBar
Low line voltage to 0 V offset
High line voltage to 0 V offset
Moisture sensor to enabled
42
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Freeze Dryer Display
Refrigeration to operate in Manual Mode
The display will default to the main freeze dry display information.
If you do not want to restore all factory settings, but want to adjust
offsets, press MENU briefly and the display will show:
COLLECTOR TEMP OFFSET:
OC
Press SELECT until the appropriate offset is shown. Each
number represents 1°C
Press MENU and if the drying chamber has been installed, the
display will show:
SDC TEMP. OFFSET:
OC
Press SELECT until the appropriate offset is shown. Each number
represents 1°C
Press MENU and the display will show
VACUUM OFFSET:
O uBar
Press SELECT until the appropriate offset is shown. Each
number represents 0.001mBar.
Press MENU and the display will show
LOW LINE OFFSET:
0
Press SELECT until the appropriate offset is shown. If the
Freeze Dryer is operating on nominal 115V, each number
represents 2V. If 3 is entered into the display, the low line
alarm will alarm when the voltage drops to approximately
97V, for example 103-(2x3)=97V. If the Freeze Dryer is
operating on nominal 230V each number represents 4V (if
3 is entered into the display, the low line alarm will alarm
when the voltage drops to approximately 194V for example
206-(4x3)=194V.
There will be no alarm indicated if DISABLED is selected.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
43
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Freeze Dryer Display
Press MENU and the display will show
HIGH LINE OFFSET:
0
Press SELECT until the appropriate offset is shown. If the
Freeze Dryer is operating on nominal 115V, each number
represents 2V. If 3 is entered into the display, the high line
alarm will alarm when the voltage raises to approximately
133V, for example. 127+(2x3)=133V. If the Freeze Dryer
is operating on nominal 230V each number represents 4V
(if 3 is entered into the display, the low line alarm will
alarm when the voltage drops to approximately 266V, for
example. 254+(4x3)=266V. There will be no alarm
indicated if DISABLED is selected.
Press MENU and the display will show
DRYING CHAMBER:
NOT INSTALLED
Press and hold SELECT to change the status.
Press MENU and the display will show
PURGE VALVE:
NOT INSTALLED
Press and hold SELECT to change the status.
Press MENU and the display will show
DEFROST HEATER:
NOT INSTALLED
Press and hold SELECT to change the status.
Press MENU and the display will show
MOISTURE SENSOR:
INSTALLED
Press and hold SELECT if you want to disable the
moisture sensor.
Press MENU and the display will show
SHELL FREEZER:
NOT INSTALLED
44
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Freeze Dryer Display
Press and hold SELECT to change the status
Press MENU and the display will show
HOLD SELECT TO CLEAR
ALL TOTAL HOURS?
If you want to reset Total Hours, press and hold SELECT until an
audible beep is heard. The display will default to the main freeze
dry display information.
If you do not want to set Total Hours, press MENU and the display
will show.
PRODUCTION MENU:
MASTER RESET?
The routine will repeat by pressing MENU or wait approximately
10 seconds for the display to default to the main freeze dry
information display information.
In order to store offsets in memory, you Must Press and Hold
MENU until display shows,
PASSWORD:
Wait approximately 10 seconds and the display will default to the
main freeze dry display information. This can be done anytime
throughout the Modifying the Display routine.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
45
APPENDIX A
FREEZE DRYER
COMPONENTS
The following pages list components that are available for your
Freeze Dryer. The parts shown are the most common replacement
parts. If other parts are required, contact Product Service.
46
Product Service Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix A: Freeze Dryer Components
Model 76705xx
Item
Part No.
1
2
3
7688500
7690000
7435800
7435900
7953800
7953801
7591805
7591806
7591807
1302300
7426000
7445500
7728000
1643600
7645904
7373450
1336400
1336500
1342100
1332601
1332701
7445400
7515300
7419601
7419701
7432700
7429700
7418400
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Description
Lid Gasket
Lid
Back Panel Assembly, 115V
Back Panel Assembly, 230V
Motor Fan, 115V
Motor Fan, 230V
Compressor, 115V, 60 Hz
Compressor, 230V, 50 Hz
Compressor, 230V, 60 Hz
Switch
Control Panel Label
Printed Circuit Board
Drain Plug
O-Ring
Drain Hose
Vacuum Hose (Not Shown)
Power Cord 115V 60Hz (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 50Hz EU (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 60 Hz (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 50Hz UK (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 50Hz China (Not Shown)
Vacuum Sensor
Temperature Sensor (Not Shown)
Wire Harness, Power, 115V (Not Shown)
Wire Harness, Power, 230V (Not Shown)
Vacuum Control/Bleed Valve
Moisture Sensor
Wire Harness, Control 115V and 230V (Not Shown)
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
47
Appendix A: Freeze Dryer Components
Model 76705xx
1
2
17
14
3
18
9-10
8
4
5
7
11
48
6
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix A: Freeze Dryer Components
Models 76700xx and 74200xx
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Part No.
7395800
7395801
7435800
7435900
7953800
7953801
7591805
7591806
7591807
7591805
7591806
7591807
7591805
7591806
7591807
1302300
7426000
7445590
7728000
1643600
7645906
7373450
Description
Lid Gasket
Lid
Back Panel Assembly, 115V
Back Panel Assembly, 230V
Motor Fan, 115V
Motor Fan, 230V
Compressor, 115V, 60 Hz Lo Stage
Compressor, 230V, 50 Hz Lo Stage
Compressor, 230V, 60 Hz Lo Stage
Compressor, 115V, 60 Hz Hi Stage
Compressor, 230V, 50 Hz Hi Stage
Compressor, 230V, 60 Hz Hi Stage
Compressor 115V/60 Hz Single Stage
Compressor 230V, 50 Hz Single Stage
Compressor 230V/60 Hz Single Stage
Switch
Control Panel Label
Printed Circuit Board
Drain Plug
O-Ring
Drain Hose
Vacuum Hose (Not Shown)
1336400
1336500
1342100
1332601
1332701
Power Cord 115V 60Hz (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 50Hz EU (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 60 Hz (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 50Hz UK (Not Shown)
Power Cord 230V 50Hz China (Not Shown)
7445400
7515300
7427502
7427503
7432700
7429700
7418400
Vacuum Sensor (Not Shown)
Temperature Sensor, Collector (Not Shown)
Wire Harness, 115V (Not Shown)
Wire Harness, 230V (Not Shown)
Vacuum Control/Bleed Valve
Moisture Sensor
Wire Harness, Control, 115V and 230V (Not Shown)
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
49
Appendix A: Freeze Dryer Components
Models 76700xx and 74200xx
1
2
17
14
5
3
18
4
9-10
8
5
7
6
50
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
APPENDIX B
FREEZE DRYER
DIMENSIONS
Model 76705xx
Product Service Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
51
Appendix B: Freeze Dryer Dimensions
Model 76700xx
52
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix B: Freeze Dryer Dimensions
Model 74200xx
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
53
APPENDIX C
FREEZE DRYER
SPECIFICATIONS
This Appendix contains technical information about the Freeze
Dryer including electrical specifications and operating conditions.
Electrical Specifications
Catalog #
7670520
7670521
7670530
7670531
7670540
7670541
7670560
7670561
7670570
7670571
7670020
7670021
7670030
7670031
7670040
7670041
7670060
7670061
7670070
7670071
54
Voltage
Nominal
Operating
Range
115V
100V
115V
100V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
115V
100V
115V
100V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
103-127
90-110
103-127
90-110
198-254
198-254
187-253
187-253
198-254
198-254
198-254
198-254
103-127
90-110
103-127
90-110
198-254
198-254
187-253
187-253
198-254
198-254
198-254
198-254
Frequency
Phase
60
50
60
50
50
50
60
60
50
50
50
50
60
50
60
50
50
50
60
60
50
50
50
50
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Amperage
Nominal
Max. with
w/o
Vacuum
Vacuum
Pump
Pump
6
14
6
14
6
14
6
14
2.5
7
2.5
7
2.5
7
2.5
7
2.5
7
2.5
7
2.5
7
2.5
7
10.0
16
10.0
16
10.0
16
10.0
16
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
Product Service Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix C: Freeze Dryer Specifications
Catalog #
7420020
7420021
7420030
7420031
7420040
7420041
7420060
7420061
7420070
7420071
Voltage
Nominal
Operating
Range
115V
100V
115V
100V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
230V
103-127
90-110
103-127
90-110
198-254
198-254
187-253
187-253
198-254
198-254
198-254
198-254
Frequency
Phase
60
50
60
50
50
50
60
60
50
50
50
50
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Amperage
Nominal
Max. with
w/o
Vacuum
Vacuum
Pump
Pump
10.0
16
10.0
16
10.0
16
10.0
16
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
5.1
10
Environmental Conditions
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Indoor use only.
Maximum altitude: 6562 feet (2000 meters).
Ambient temperature range: 41° to 104°F (5° to 40°C).
Maximum relative humidity: 80% for temperatures up to
88°F (31°C), decreasing linearly to 50% relative humidity
at 104°F (40°C).
Main supply voltage fluctuations not to exceed ±10% of the
nominal voltage.
Transient overvoltages according to Installation Categories
II (Overvoltage Categories per IEC 1010). Temporary
voltage spikes on the AC input line that may be as high as
1500V for 115V models and 2500V for 230V models are
allowed.
Used in an environment of Pollution degrees 2 (i.e., where
normally only non-conductive atmospheres are present).
Occasionally, however, a temporary conductivity caused by
condensation must be expected, in accordance with IEC
664.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
55
APPENDIX D
FREEZE DRYER
ACCESSORIES
The following accessories are available for the Freeze Dryer.
56
PART #
1472100
DESCRIPTION
Vacuum Pump
Two stage direct drive pump, 117 liters/minute. 115 VAC,
50/60 Hz, single phase, 4.6 amps. Includes Pump Exhaust Filter
1473400. (Cat. # 1473400)
7739402
Vacuum Pump
Two stage direct drive pump, 117 liters/minute. 230 VAC,
50/60 Hz, single phase, 2.4 amps. Includes Pump Exhaust Filter
1473400. (Cat. # 1473400)
1467700
Vacuum Pump
Two stage direct drive pump, 195 liters/minute. 115 VAC,
50/60 Hz, single phase. Includes Pump Exhaust Filter.
(Cat. # 1473400)
7739403
Vacuum Pump
Two stage direct drive pump, 195 liters/minute. 230 VAC,
50/60 Hz, single phase. Includes Pump Exhaust Filter.
(Cat. # 1473400)
7584000
Vacuum Pump Chemical Resistant Hybrid
Combination two stage rotary vane pump and two stage chemistry
diaphragm pump 98/115 liters/minute. 115 VAC, 50/60 Hz, single
phase.
7584002
Vacuum Pump Chemical Resistant
Combination two stage rotary vane pump and two stage chemistry
diaphragm pump 98/115 liters/minute. 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz, single
phase.
Product Service Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
PART #
1472200
DESCRIPTION
Pump Inlet Filter
Disposable filter that prevents oil back streaming and protects
vacuum pump from submicron particles. Fits vacuum pumps
1472100 and 7739402.
1473400
Pump Exhaust Filter
Disposable filter that removes visible oil mist and odor from
vacuum pump exhaust. Fits vacuum pumps 1472100 and
7739402.
1473200
Replacement Element, Oil Mist, Pump Exhaust Filter
Fits pump exhaust filter 1473400.
1473300
Replacement Element, Odor, Pump Exhaust Filter,
package of 5
Fits pump exhaust filter 1473400 or vacuum pumps 1472100 and
7739402.
1988000
Vacuum Pump Oil, 1 Liter
A molecularly distilled hydrocarbon oil with low vapor pressure.
For vacuum pumps 1472100 and 7739402.
7772000
Soda Acid Trap
Secondary trap that prevents migration of corrosive chemicals into
vacuum pump.
7772100
Replacement Media for Soda Acid Trap
7772700
Vacuum Pump Oil, 1 Liter
A mineral oil with low vapor pressure.
For vacuum pumps 7438700, 7438800, 7769600, 7769800.
7670400
Replacement Filter Element
Disposable filter that removes oil mist from the vacuum pump
exhaust.
Fits vacuum pumps 7438700, 7438800, 7469600 and 7469800.
7584300
Vacuum Pump Oil, 1 Liter
For Hybrid vacuum pumps 7584000, 7584002.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
57
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
58
PART #
7772500
DESCRIPTION
Carbon Solvent Trap
Secondary trap that prevents migration of organic solvents into
vacuum pump.
7772600
Replacement Activated Carbon Media for Carbon Solvent
Trap
7538000
Secondary Vacuum Cold Trap
Provides additional protection for the vacuum pump when
processing low eutectic samples.
9 ¾" high x 7 7/8" diameter, 304 stainless steel with ¾" vacuum
connections. For use with dry ice and solvent. Cools to
approximately –75°C.
7522800
12 Port Drying Chamber
9 ¾" high x 7 7/8" diameter, 304 stainless steel with 12 freeze dry
valves.
7509200
Product Heater
For use in chamber 7522800. Provides 3 heated shelves operating
at 43°C (110°F). 115V
7509201
Product Heater
For use in chamber 7522800. Provides 3 heated shelves operating
at 43°C (110°F). 230V
7443500
Clear Drying Chamber with 8 Valves
For bulk drying or drying in flasks.
7442100
Drying Rack- Unheated
Provides three shelves. For use in chambers 7443500 and
7522800.
7442900
Clear Drying Chamber
For bulk drying.
7522300
20 Port Manifold
10" high x 27 ½" wide x 8 5/8" deep. Type 304 stainless steel
manifold with 20 freeze dry valves.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
PART #
7868500
DESCRIPTION
48 Port Ampule Manifold
28 5/8" high x 5" wide x 5" deep. Type 304 stainless steel with
48 each ¼" tube stems.
7509600
Sample Valve Kit
Includes neoprene valve body, knob and installation parts.
7522900
16 Port Drying Chamber
13" high x 138" diameter, 304 stainless steel with 16 freeze dry
valves.
7419300
Baffle
Mounts in the collector chamber to increase ice holding capacity
when operating with the vacuum control.
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
59
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
60
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
61
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
62
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
Ampules
Product Service: Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
63
64
Product Service Domestic 1-800-522-7658, International 816-333-8811
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement