Manual - KB Electronics, Inc.

Manual - KB Electronics, Inc.
KBIC®
SCR
DC Motor
Speed Controls
Ultra Fast
CL Circuit Prevents
Demagnetization in
PM Motors
Installation and
Operation Manual
BASIC KBIC
®
*
See SAFETY WARNING
* See CE information on page 5
This Manual Covers Models
KBIC-120, 125, 240, 225, 240D, 240DS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
© 2008 KB Electronics, Inc.
(See back cover)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section
Page
1
Quick-Start Instructions..................................................................................................................... 3
2
Safety ............................................................................................................................................... 5
3
Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 6
4
Application Information ..................................................................................................................... 6
5
Installation, Mounting Instructions and Electrical Connections .......................................................... 12
6
Recommended High Voltage Dielectric Withstand Testing (HI-POT) ............................................... 14
7
Trimpot Adjustments ......................................................................................................................... 16
8
Diagnostic LED’s............................................................................................................................... 20
9
Control Functions.............................................................................................................................. 20
10 Optional Accessories ........................................................................................................................ 23
Table
Page
1
Field Connections (Shunt-Wound Motors Only) ................................................................................ 8
2
Electrical Ratings .............................................................................................................................. 8
3
Minimum Supply Wire Size Requirements ........................................................................................ 9
4
Fuse Selection Chart ........................................................................................................................ 9
5
General Performance Specifications................................................................................................. 10
6
Plug-In-Horsepower Resistor Chart .................................................................................................. 11
7
RFI Filter Selection ........................................................................................................................... 24
Figure
Page
1
General Connection Diagram............................................................................................................ 4
2
Mechanical Specifications................................................................................................................. 7
3
HI-POT Test Setup ........................................................................................................................... 15
4
ACCEL Trimpot Range ..................................................................................................................... 16
5
MIN Trimpot Range........................................................................................................................... 17
6
MAX Trimpot Range ......................................................................................................................... 17
7
CL Trimpot Range............................................................................................................................. 18
8
IR Trimpot Range.............................................................................................................................. 19
9
Dynamic Braking............................................................................................................................... 20
10 Master / Follower Circuit Connection ................................................................................................ 21
11 Connection Methods ......................................................................................................................... 22
12 Internal Sensing................................................................................................................................ 23
2
1
QUICK-START INSTRUCTIONS
Important: You must read these simplified instructions before proceeding. These instructions are to be
used as a reference only and are not intended to replace the details provided herein. You must read the
Safety Warning on, page 5, before proceeding.
See Figure 1, on page 4. Also see Section 3 - Application Information, on pages 6 and 7.
WARNING! Disconnect main power before making connections to the speed control.
1.1
Be sure the AC input line voltage corresponds to the control voltage. See Table 2, on page 8.
1.2
Install the correct Plug-In Horsepower Resistor® according to armature voltage and motor
horsepower. See Table 6, on page 11.
1.3
Recheck connections: AC line to L1 and L2, armature to A+ and A- and Field (Shunt motors only)
to F+ and F-. (Note: If motor runs in improper direction, interchange armature leads with Main
Power disconnected.) See Figure 1, on page 4.
1.4
It is recommended that both AC line and armature fuses be installed. See Table 4, on page 9.
3
FIGURE 1. GENERAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM
4
2
SAFETY WARNING
Definition of Safety Warning Symbols
Electrical Hazard Warning Symbol: Failure to observe this warning could result in electrical shock
or electrocution.
Operational Hazard Warning Symbol: Failure to observe this warning could result in serious injury or
death.
This product should be installed and serviced by a qualified technician, electrician, or electrical
maintenance person familiar with its operation and the hazards involved. Proper installation, which
includes electrical connections, fusing or other current protection, and grounding, can reduce the chance of
electrical shocks, and/or fires, in this product or products used with this product, such as electric motors,
switches, coils, solenoids, and/or relays. Do not use this drive in an explosion-proof application. Eye
protection must be worn and insulated adjustment tools must be used when working with drive under
power. This product is constructed of materials (plastics, metals, carbon, silicon, etc.) which may be a
potential hazard. Proper shielding, grounding, and filtering of this product can reduce the emission of radio
frequency interference (RFI) which may adversely affect sensitive electronic equipment. It is the
responsibility of the equipment manufacturer and individual installer to supply this Safety Warning to the
ultimate end user of this product. (SW 1/2006)
This drive contains electronic Start/Stop circuits, which can be used to start and stop the drive. However,
these circuits are never to be used as safety disconnects since they are not fail-safe. Use only the AC line
for this purpose.
Be sure to read and follow all instructions carefully. Fire and/or electrocution can result due to improper
use of this product.
This product complies with all CE directives pertinent at the time of manufacture. Contact the Sales
Department for Declaration of Conformity. Installation of a CE approved RFI filter is required (see Table 7,
on page 24). Additional shielded cable and/or AC line cables may be required along with a signal isolator
(SI-5 (Part No. 9443)).
5
3
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing the KBIC® "Standard of the Industry" DC motor speed controls. The speed
controls are designed for applications demanding good performance, high reliability and low cost. The
controls are fabricated with components that have proven reliability, including MOV transient protection,
which is used to protect the Power Bridge. Integrated circuitry is used to provide an uncomplicated design
with superior load and line voltage regulation. The Direct-Fed™ current limit circuit protects the motor and
control against overloads by limiting the maximum level of output current. It also prevents motor failure
due to demagnetization of the magnets of PM motors. Acceleration start (adjustable from 0.5 to 4
seconds) provides a smooth start each time the AC power is applied.
A unique feature of the KBIC® control is the Plug-in Horsepower Resistor®. It eliminates the need to
recalibrate IR Comp. and CL when the control is used over a wide range of motor horsepower. Additional
versatility is achieved by using the Auxiliary Heat Sink (optional) which is used to double the horsepower
rating of each model. The output of the control is a linear function of potentiometer rotation. The KBIC®
can also be operated in a voltage following mode by supplying an isolated analog signal (0-7 VDC) to the
input terminals P2 (+) and F-. If an isolated input signal is not available, the optional Barrier Terminal
Board Signal Isolator (SI-5) can be used. The controls are terminated as standard with Q-D terminals
provided. A Barrier Terminal Board is available, which includes both line and armature fuse holders.
The Inhibit™ circuit (Terminals I1 and I2) are provided to electronically disconnect the armature output
voltage. Another standard feature is Auto Inhibit. This circuit prevents false starts and high surge currents
when cycling the KBIC® control with the AC line. All models are UL Listed for the USA and Canada and
are CE approved.
4
APPLICATION INFORMATION
4.1 Motor Type – The KBIC® is designed for Permanent Magnet (PM), Shunt Wound and Universal
(AC/DC) motors. Controls operated on 115 volt AC inputs are designed for 90 volt SCR rated motors.
Controls operated on 230 volt AC inputs are designed for 180 volt SCR rated motors. Use of higher
voltage motors will result in reduction of available maximum (MAX) speed (Trimpot Adjustment). Also,
if motor is not an SCR rated type, the actual AC line amperage at full load should not exceed the
motor's DC nameplate rating.
4.2 Torque Requirements – When replacing an AC induction motor with a DC motor and speed control,
consideration must be given to the maximum torque requirements. The full load torque rating of the
DC motor must be equal to, or greater than, that of the AC motor.
6
4.3 Acceleration Start – The KBIC® contains an adjustable acceleration start feature that allows the
motor to smoothly accelerate from 0-full speed over a time period of 0.5-4 seconds. The "ACCEL"
is factory set at 2 seconds.
4.4 Limitation in Use – The KBIC® controls are designed for use on machine applications.
4.5 Armature Switching – Do not switch the armature without taking proper precautions. (Refer to
Armature Switching and Dynamic Braking, Section 9.2 on page 20).
CAUTION! Consult factory before using on constant horsepower applications such as saws or drill
presses. Do not use in explosive atmosphere. Be sure the KBIC® is used within its maximum ratings.
Follow all installation instructions carefully (Refer to Section 5, on page 12).
FIGURE 2. MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
OPTIONAL AUXILIARY HEATSINK
POTENTIOMETER
CONTROL
MOUNTING "A"
6 SLOTS
MOUNTING "B"
TAPPED 6-32
(3 PLACES)
FUSE MOUNTING
TAPPED 6-32
(2 PLACES)
ANTI-ROTATION
PIN
Note: All dimensions are shown in inches.
7
TABLE 1. FIELD CONNECTIONS (SHUNT-WOUND MOTORS ONLY)
AC LINE
FIELD VOLTAGE
FIELD
CAUTION
VOLTAGE
(VDC)
CONNECTION
Shunt-wound motors may be
115
100
F+, Fdamaged if field remains energized
115
50
F+, L1
with the motor stopped for an
230
200
F+, Fextended period of time, unless
provided with external cooling.
230
100
F+, L1
FIELD TYPE
Full Voltage
Half Voltage
Full Voltage
Half Voltage
TABLE 2. ELECTRICAL RATINGS
Model
No.
KBIC120
KBIC125
KBIC240
KBIC225
KBIC240D
(1)
KBIC240DS
(2)
RATING WITHOUT
AUXILLARY HEAT SINK
Max.
Max.
AC
DC
Load
Load
Max.
Current
Current
HP
(RMS
(Avg.
Amps)
Amps)
RATING WITH
AUXILLARY HEAT SINK
Max.
Max.
AC
DC
Load
Load
Max.
Current
Current
HP
(RMS
(Avg.
Amps)
Amps)
Part
No.
AC
Line
Voltage
(VAC)
+/- 15%
50/60
Hz
Motor
Voltage
(VDC)
(3)
9429
115
0 – 90
9.0
6.0
0.5
18.0
12.0
1
50, 100
9433
115
0 – 90
12.0
8.0
0.75
24.0
16.0
1.5
50, 100
9428
208/230
0 – 180
9.0
6.0
1
18.0
12.0
2
100, 200
9432
208/230
0 – 180
12.0
8.0
1.5
24.0
16.0
3
100, 200
115
0 – 90
208/230
0 – 180
115,
208/230
0 – 90
9464
9423
9.0
6.0
9.0
6.0
0.5
1
0.5
18.0
12.0
18.0
12.0
Field
Voltage
(Shunt
Wound
Motor
Only)
(VDC)
1
50, 100
2
100, 200
1
100
Notes: (1) Model KBIC-240D is designed to accept 115 or 230 VAC line input to provide 0 - 130 VDC with a 115
or 230 VAC line and 0 - 220 VDC with a 208/230 VAC line. (2) Model KBIC-240DS is designed to accept 115 or
208/230 VAC line input to provide 0-130 VDC with a 115 or 208/230 VAC line. (3) A higher output voltage can
be reached by increasing MAX trimpot setting.
8
TABLE 3. MINIMUM SUPPLY WIRE SIZE REQUIREMENTS
Maximum Motor
Current
(DC Amps)
6
12
16
Maximum
Motor
HP 90 V
0.5
1
1.5
Maximum
Motor
HP 180 V
1
2
3
Minimum Size Wire (AWG)
Cu Only
Max 50 Foot Run
Max 100 Foot Run
16
14
14
12*
12
12
*Minimum recommended wire size.
TABLE 4. FUSE SELECTION CHART*
Approx.
Fuse Rating
Motor Current
(AC Amps)
90 VDC
180 VDC
Motor
Motor
(DC Amps)
1/100
1/50
0.1
2/10
1/50
1/25
0.2
3/10
1/30
1/15
0.3
1/2
1/20
1/10
0.5
3/4
1/15
1/8
0.7
1
1/10
1/5
1.0
1 –1/2
1/8
1/4
1.3
2
1/6
1/3
1.7
3
1/4
1/2
2.5
4
1/3
3/4
3.3
5
1/2
1
5.0
8
3/4
1 –1/2
7.5
12
1
2
10.0
15
1 –1/2
3
15.0
25
*Note: Specific applications may require a different fuse value
than indicated. This is based on several factors such as ambient
temperatures, duty cycle, motor form factor and CL setpoint.
HORSEPOWER
9
TABLE 5. GENERAL PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS
Speed Range (ratio)
50:1
Load Regulation (% base speed) (0 - full load; 50:1 speed range)
1*
Line Voltage Regulation (% base speed at full load; 100 - 130 VAC)
1/2 *
Control Linearity (% speed vs. dial rotation)
2
CL/Torque Range (% full load).
0 - 300
ACCEL Time Period (0 - full speed) (seconds)
0.5 - 4.0
MIN Speed Trimpot Range (% full speed)
0 – 30 *
MAX Speed Trimpot Range (% full speed)
50 – 140 *
IR Compensation Trimpot Range (at specified full load) (volts)
0 - 24
Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature at full rating (º C/º F)
45/113
Maximum Inrush Start Current (Peak DC amps)
3 times CL Setting
Note: * Performance is for the SCR rated PM motors only. Lower performance can be expected with
other motor types. Factory setting is for 3% load regulation. To obtain superior regulation. See
Section 7, paragraph 7.5 on page 19.
10
TABLE 6. PLUG-IN HORSEPOWER RESISTOR CHART (1)
Motor Horsepower (2)
Armature Voltage
ArmatureVoltage
(90 VDC)
(180 VDC)
Approx. Motor
Current (DC
Amps)
Plug-In
Horsepower
Resistor®
Value (Ohms)
Individual
Plug-In
Horsepower
Resistor®
P/N
1/100
1/50
0.1
1.0
9833
1/50
1/25
0.2
0.51
9834
1/30, 1/25
1/15
0.35
0.35
9835
1/20
1/10
0.5
0.25
9836
9837
1/15, 1/12
1/6
0.8
0.18
1/10, 1/8, 1/6
1/4
1.3
0.1
9838
1/4
1/2
2.5
0.05
9839
1/3
3/4
3.3
0.035
9840
1/2
1
5.0
0.025
9841
3/4
1 –1/2
7.5
0.015
9842
1
2
10.0
0.01
9843
1 –1/2
3
15.0
0.006
9850
Notes: 1. Motor horsepower and armature voltage must be specified in order to select correct PlugIn Horsepower Resistor®. 2. For motor horsepower not indicated, use lower value Plug-In
Horsepower Resistor®.
A Plug-In Horsepower Resistor®, must
be installed to match the KBIC® to the
motor horsepower and voltage. See
Table 6, above for the correct value.
Plug-In Horsepower Resistors® are
stocked by your distributor.
Plug-In Horsepower Resistor®
CAUTION – Be sure Plug-In
Horsepower Resistor® is inserted
completely into the mating socket.
11
5
INSTALLATION, MOUNTING INSTRUCTIONS AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
WARNING! DO NOT USE THIS DRIVE IN EXPLOSION-PROOF APPLICATIONS. BE SURE
THE DRIVE IS SECURELY MOUNTED.
5.1
Location and Mounting – The KBIC® controls should be mounted on a flat surface and located in
an area where it will not be exposed to contaminants such as water, metal chips, solvents or
excessive vibration. When mounting in an enclosure, the air space should be large enough to
provide adequate heat dissipation. The maximum allowable ambient temperature at full rating is 45
ºC/113 º F. Consult factory if more information is required.
5.2
Initial Setup and Wiring.
a. Install proper size Plug-in Horsepower Resistor® . (See Table 6, on page 11).
b. The KBIC can be connected to a standard 115V or 230V (±15%) 50/60 Hz AC line based on
model selected [Be sure the AC input voltage corresponds to the control voltage rating and the
motor rating (e.g. 90-130VDC motor on 115VAC and 180VDC motor on 230VAC)].
c. Follow the recommended supply wire sizes as per Table 3, on page 9.
d. Follow the NEC and other electrical codes that apply.
CAUTION: Separate branch protection must be provided on 230V circuits. Do not fuse neutral or
grounded conductors.
e. Connect control in accordance to connection diagram. (See Figure 1, on page 4).
f. When using a step-down transformer (440 VAC to 230 VAC) be sure the VA rating of the
transformer is at least 3 times the VA rating of the motor.
WARNING! READ SAFETY WARNING, ON PAGE 5, BEFORE USING THE DRIVE.
DISCONNECT MAIN POWER BEFORE MAKING CONNECTIONS TO THE DRIVE. TO AVOID
ELECTRIC SHOCK, BE SURE THE DRIVE AND MOTOR ARE PROPERLY GROUNDED.
12
WARNING! IF CONTROL IS WIRED TO A TRANSFORMER, DO NOT SWITCH THE
PRIMARY SIDE OF TRANSFORMER TO DISCONNECT POWER OR CATASTROPHIC FAILURE CAN
RESULT. ALWAYS DISCONNECT CONTROL FROM SECONDARY SIDE OF TRANSFORMER.
WARNING! ARMATURE SWITCHING. DO NOT SWITCH THE ARMATURE IN AND OUT OF
CIRCUIT OR CATASTROPHIC FAILURE WILL RESULT. IF ARMATURE SWITCHING IS REQUIRED
FOR DYNAMIC BRAKE OR REVERSING, USE MODEL KBRG, KBPB OR KBCC-R SUFFIX
CONTROLS.
CAUTION: Do not bundle potentiometer connections (P1, P2, P3) and Inhibit™ connections (I1, I2) with
AC line or motor wires.
Note: (Shunt motors only) For 90VDC motors with 50VDC fields and 180VDC motors with 100VDC fields,
use half voltage field connections F+ and L1. (See Table 1, on page 8).
5.3
Fusing (AC Line and Armature) – The AC line fuse protects the control against catastrophic
failure. If the fuse blows, the control is mis-wired, the motor is shorted or grounded, or the KBIC®
control is defective. The armature fuse provides overload protection for the motor and control.
Choose the proper size armature fuse and AC line fuse by multiplying the maximum DC motor
amps by 1.7. (Armature and AC line fuse kits are available from your distributor). On domestic 230
Volt AC lines, separate branch circuit protection for each line must be used. All fuses should be
normal blow ceramic 3AG or MDA or equivalent. See Fuse Chart, Table 4, on page 9.
Note: Also available, the Barrier Terminal Kit (optional), which contains pre-wired AC line and
armature fuseholders. Contact your distributor.
13
6
RECOMMENDED HIGH VOLTAGE DIELECTRIC WITHSTAND TESTING (HI-POT)
Testing agencies such as UL, CSA, etc., usually require that equipment undergo a hi-pot test. In order
to prevent catastrophic damage to the control, which has been installed in the equipment, it is
recommended that the following procedure be followed. A typical HI-POT test setup is shown in Figure
3, on page 15. All controls have been factory hi-pot tested in accordance with UL requirements.
WARNING! WHEN PERFORMING THE HI-POT TEST, DISCONNECT THE AC POWER.
6.1
Connect all equipment AC power input lines together and connect them to the H.V. lead of the
HI-POT Tester. Connect the RETURN of the HI-POT Tester to the frame on which the control
and other auxiliary equipment are mounted. Refer to Figure 3, on page 15, for further
information.
6.2
The HI-POT Tester must have an automatic ramp-up to the test voltage and an automatic rampdown to zero voltage.
Note: If the Hi-Pot Tester does not have automatic ramping, then the HI-POT output must be manually
increased to the test voltage and then manually reduced to zero. This procedure must be followed
for each machine to be tested. A suggested HI-POT Tester is Slaughter Model 2550.
CAUTION! Instantaneously applying the HI-POT voltage will cause irreversible damage to the control.
14
FIGURE 3. HI-POT TEST SETUP
15
7
TRIMPOT ADJUSTMENTS AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The KBIC® is factory adjusted to provide 0 to full speed range using a 5K potentiometer. Minimum and
maximum speed trimpots are provided to change the speed range from other than 0 to full speed. An
acceleration (ACCEL) trimpot (located directly behind the MIN trimpot) is factory set to provide motor
acceleration from 0 to full speed over a time period of 2 seconds (approx.) each time the AC power is applied.
The current limiting (CL, or torque output) adjustment is factory set to approximately one and a half times the
motor rating. The IR Compensation (IR) is factory adjusted to provide excellent motor regulation under normal
operation. See Figure 1, on page 4, for trimpot locations.
Note: In order for the IR comp and CL trimpot settings to be correct, the proper Plug-in Horsepower
Resistor® must be installed for the particular motor and input voltage being used. Do not attempt to change
the settings of the trimpots unless absolutely necessary since they are factory adjusted to near optimum
settings.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
Readjusting the ACCEL time will affect the MAX speed and IR Comp. settings that will have to be readjusted
(see this Section). If the ACCEL time is decreased to the minimum time of 0.5 seconds (6 o'clock trimpot
position), then increase the IR trimpot 25% CW rotation and decrease the MAX trimpot 20% CCW rotation. If
the ACCEL time is increased to the maximum time of 4 seconds (full rotation), then decrease the IR and
increase the MAX as per above percentages of rotation.
The following procedure is presented in required order of adjustment. It should be followed when readjusting
all trimpot functions:
7.1
Acceleration Trimpot (ACCEL)
The ACCEL Trimpot is provided, to allow for a smooth
start over an adjustable time period, each time the AC
power is applied or the Main Speed Potentiometer is
adjusted to a higher speed.
The ACCEL Trimpot has been factory set to 2 seconds,
which is the amount of time it will take for the motor to
accelerate from zero speed to full speed. To increase the
acceleration time, rotate the ACCEL Trimpot clockwise.
To decrease the acceleration time, rotate the ACCEL
Trimpot counterclockwise. See Figure 4.
16
FIGURE 4. ACCEL TRIMPOT
RANGE
3 SEC.
FACTORY
SETTING - - 2 SEC.
1 SEC.
SLOW 4 SEC.
Do Not rotate the
Accel Trimpot into
the shaded area.
7.2 Maximum Speed Trimpot (MAX)
The MAX Trimpot sets the maximum speed of the motor
when the Main Speed Potentiometer is set fully clockwise.
The MAX Trimpot is factory set to 100 % of base motor
speed. To increase the maximum speed, rotate the MAX
Trimpot clockwise. To decrease the maximum speed,
rotate the MAX Trimpot counterclockwise. See Figure 5.
FIGURE 5. MAX TRIMPOT
RANGE
100 %
Note: Do not attempt to adjust the MAX speed above the rated
motor RPM, since unstable motor operation may occur.
For moderate changes in the MAX speed, there will be a
slight effect on the MIN speed setting when the MIN
speed is set at zero. There may be significant variation in
the MIN speed setting if the MIN speed is at a higher than
zero setting.
7.3 Minimum Speed Trimpot (MIN)
The MIN speed trimpot sets the minimum speed of the
motor when the Main Speed Potentiometer is set fully
counterclockwise. The MIN Trimpot is factory set to 0 % of
base motor speed. To increase the minimum speed,
rotate the MIN Trimpot clockwise. To decrease the
minimum speed, rotate the MIN Trimpot counterclockwise.
See Figure 6.
Note: Readjusting the MIN Trimpot will affect the maximum
speed setting. Therefore, it is necessary to readjust the
MAX Trimpot if readjusting the MIN Trimpot. It may be
necessary to repeat these adjustments until both the
minimum and maximum speeds are set to the desired
levels.
% Base Speed)
FIGURE 6. MIN TRIMPOT
RANGE
0%
(Factory Set to 0% Base Speed)
17
7.4 Current Limit Trimpot (CL)
The CL Trimpot sets the current limit (overload), which
limits the maximum current (torque) to the motor. The
CL also limits the AC line inrush current to a safe level
during startup. The CL Trimpot is factory set to 1.5
times the full load rating of the motor. To increase the
current limit, rotate the CL Trimpot clockwise (do not
exceed 2 times (200%) motor current rating (maximum
clockwise position)). To decrease the current limit,
rotate the CL Trimpot counterclockwise. See Figure 7.
Note: The correct value Plug-In Horsepower Resistor® must
be installed for the CL to operate properly. Calibration
of the CL Trimpot is normally not required when the
proper Plug-In Horsepower Resistor® is installed.
FIGURE 7. CL TRIMPOT RANGE
150 %
0
300 %
(Factory Set to 150% of Full Load)
To Recalibrate the CL Trimpot:
1.
Disconnect the AC power and wire a DC ammeter in series with either motor armature lead.
Note: If only an AC ammeter is available, wire it in series with either AC line input lead.
2.
`
Re-Apply power.
3.
Set the Main Speed Potentiometer to approximately 30 - 50 % clockwise position.
4.
Set the CL Trimpot fully counterclockwise.
5.
Lock the motor shaft. The CL LED will illuminate red.
WARNING - DO NOT LEAVE MOTOR SHAFT LOCKED FOR MORE THAN 2-3 SECONDS OR
MOTOR DAMAGE MAY RESULT.
6.
Rotate the CL Trimpot clockwise until the desired current reading is observed on the DC
ammeter. Factory Current Limit setting is 1.5 times the full load rating of the motor (with a DC
ammeter wired in series with the motor armature). If using an AC ammeter wired in the AC line
input, set the CL 0.75 times the full load rating of the motor. Do not exceed 2 times motor current
rating. Refer to Figure 7.
Note: On cyclical loads, it may be normal for the CL LED to momentarily flash.
18
7.5
IR Compensation Trimpot (IR):
IR compensation is provided to substantially improve
load regulation. If the load presented to the motor
does not vary substantially, the IR adjustment may
be set at a minimum level (approximately 1/4 of full
setting). The control is factory adjusted to
approximately 3% regulation. If superior performance
is desired (less than 1% speed change of base
speed from 0 to full load), then the IR compensation.
should be adjusted (See Figure 8) as follows:
Note: Excessive IR comp. will cause control to become
unstable, which causes motor cogging.
FIGURE 8. IR TRIMPOT RANGE
3V
0
(Factory Set to 3 Volts DC for
Controls with 90 Volt DC Output)
(Factory Set to 6 Volts DC for
Controls with 180 Volt DC Output)
Notes: 1.The correct value Plug-In Horsepower Resistor® must be installed for the IR Compensation to
operate properly. Calibration of the IR Trimpot is normally not required when the proper Plug-In
Horsepower Resistor® is installed. (Actual Comp. voltage depends on the value of the Horsepower
Resistor®) 2. Excessive IR Compensation will cause the motor to become unstable, which causes
cogging.
To Recalibrate the IR Trimpot:
1.
Set the IR Trimpot to approximately 25% rotation.
2.
Run the motor unloaded at approximately 1/3 speed and record the RPMs.
3.
Run the motor with the maximum load and adjust the IR Trimpot so that the motor speed under
load equals the unloaded speed recorded in step 2.
4.
Remove the load and recheck the RPMs.
5.
If the unloaded RPM has changed, repeat steps 2 - 4 for more exact regulation. The control is now
compensated to provide minimal speed change due to changing loads.
19
8
DIAGNOSTIC LED’S
The KBIC™ is designed with PC board mounted LEDs to display the control's operational status. See Figure
1, on page 4, for the location of the LEDs.
9
8.1
Power On (PWR ON):
The PWR ON LED will illuminate green when the AC line is applied to the control.
8.2
Current Limit (CL):
The CL LED will illuminate red when the control goes into current limit, indicating that the current limit set
point has been reached (set by the CL Trimpot). See Section 7.4, and Figure 7, on page 18.
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
9.1
The control can be turned "on" and "off"
using the AC line (no waiting time is
required).
Auto-Inhibit®
circuitry
automatically resets critical components
each time the AC line is interrupted.
This, along with Acceleration Start and
CL, provides a smooth start each time
the AC line is applied.
9.2
20
FIGURE 9. DYNAMIC BRAKING CIRCUIT
AC Line Switching:
Armature Switching – If the armature is
to be disconnected and reconnected with
AC power applied, the Inhibit Circuit™
must be simultaneously activated and
deactivated. Connect I1 and I2 together
to activate the Inhibit Circuit™. See
Figure 9.
** INHIBIT
Notes: (Dynamic Brake Circuit)
* Choose RB resistance and wattage according to
braking requirements.
** Inhibit™ circuit extinguishes output
of control during brake. When the armature
is reenergized, the inhibit™ releases
which allows for a smooth start.
WARNING! 1.THE INHIBIT CIRCUIT TERMINALS ("I1" AND "I2") IS NEVER TO BE USED AS A
SAFETY DISCONNECT SINCE IT IS NOT FAIL-SAFE. USE ONLY THE AC LINE FOR THIS
PURPOSE. 2. DO NOT DISCONNECT AND RECONNECT THE MOTOR ARMATURE WITH THE AC
LINE APPLIED OR CATASTROPHIC FAILURE WILL RESULT. SEE ARMATURE SWITCHING
(DYNAMIC BRAKING), ON PAGE 20.
9.3
Leader/Follower Connections - The KBIC® can be used with the KBSI® to drive multiple motors. Refer to
Figure 10.
FIGURE 10. LEADER / FOLLOWER
(b) SINGLE MAIN MOTOR
RATIO
5K OHM
MAIN MOTOR
KBSI240D
KBIC
KBIC
FOLLOWER
MOTOR #1
ISOLATION DIODE
(a) SINGLE MAIN POTENTIOMETER
5K
POT
KBSI240D
CONNECT
AS ABOVE
** Connect the high side of the
potentiometer to the terminal
"P" ( QD).
KBIC
FOLLOWER
MOTOR #2
KBIC
FOLLOWER
MOTOR #3
ADDITIONAL
FOLLOWER *
* A 10K ratio potentiometer is used to control
up to (10) "Follower" motors. If a 5K ratio potentiometer
is used, up to (5) "Follower" motors can be used.
1. Multiple KBIC R controls should be powered from the same
phase AC line.
2. The positive output terminal to each speed,
must be installed with a 1A-600PIV isolation diode.
21
9.4
Voltage Following – All models can be controlled with an isolated analog reference voltage (0 -7 VDC)
in lieu of the main speed potentiometer. The voltage is connected to P2 (+) and F-. The control output
voltage will linearly follow the input voltage. The source impedance of the input should be 10K ohms or
less. The Min and Max trimpots are rendered inoperative in the voltage following mode. Use auxiliary
trimpots for scaling and to limit the control range. If the input signal is not isolated, or is a current signal
(4 - 20 mA), the KBSI-240D or SI-5 Barrier Terminal Board Signal Isolator must be used. It will allow
direct connection to process controllers and microprocessors.
CAUTION: The voltage feeding P2 and F- must be isolated from the AC line. Do not earth ground P2 or F- to
setup a zero or ground reference. 2. Do not bundle signal wires to P2 and F- with AC line or motor
connections. If signal wires are over 18 inches, use shielded cables.
9.5
Connection Methods – Additional methods for motor connections may be used. See Figure 11.
FIGURE 11. CONNECTION METHODS
KBIC® WITH BARRIER TERMINAL
L1
L2
A1
A2
F+
F-
P1
P2
ARMATURE FIELD POTENTIOMETER
AC
AC / DC MOTOR CONNECTION
A+
22
P3
U
A-
9.6
Optional Overload Protection with KBAP-240D (Part No. 9106)
The KBAP-240D® is a multipurpose DC
Current Sensing Relay and Overload
Protector. It is specifically designed for use
with DC motors and speed controls from 1/8
- 3 HP. KBAP-240D® operates by sensing
current in the armature circuit. When the
preset level is reached, the output relay
(RY1) trips. An adjustable time delay (0.2 15 secs.) is incorporated, which eliminates
nuisance tripping. Manual or automatic reset
is provided at the user's option along with a
LED, which indicates when the preset
current level has been reached. When an
overload occurs, the KBAP-240D® can be
used to shut the system down, sound an
alarm, or initiate corrective action before
damage occurs. Refer to Figure 12.
FIGURE 12. INTERNAL SENSING
Internal Sensing Circuit Wire the KBAP® in accordance with this wiring diagram.
10 OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
• Auxiliary Heat Sink (Part No. 9861): Doubles the horsepower rating of the control.
• Barrier Terminal Accessory Kit (Part No. 9863): When used with the Auxiliary Heat Sink, it converts the
quick-connect terminals of the control to a barrier terminal block.
• Barrier Terminal Board (Part No. 9884): Converts the quick-connect terminals of the control to a barrier
terminal block. Contains PC board mounted line and armature fuse holders (fuses supplied separately).
Plugs onto the quick-connect terminals of the control.
• SI-5 Signal Isolator (Part No. 9443): Provides isolation between non-isolated signal sources and the
control. Plugs onto the quick-connect terminals of the control.
• Dial Plate & Knob Kit (Part No. 9832): Provides indication of the Main Speed Potentiometer position
(0 – 100 %).
• AC Line & Armature Fuse Kit (Part No. 9849): Provides fusing for the AC line input and armature.
Includes wired fuse holders and mounting screws. Fuses supplied separately.
23
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES (CONTINUED)
• DIN Rail Mounting Kit (Part No. 9995).
• KBAP-240D Current Sensing Overload Protector (Part No. 9106): Provides overload current sensing
and protection of DC motors and speed controls rated 1/8 - 3 HP by sensing armature current. Operates on
115 or 208/230 Volt AC line input.
• KBEP-240D Electronic Potentiometer (Part No. 9108): Provides digital type control of motor speed.
Replaces a standard rotary potentiometer with a set of customer supplied momentary push buttons or
membrane switches.
• KBET-240D Electronic Tachometer (Part No. 9469): Provides an isolated tach-feedback signal and an
isolated voltage follower signal from an open collector (Hall, magnetic, inductive, and optical) or 2-wire
inductive pickup (encoder). Operates on 115 or 208/230 Volt AC line input.
• RFI Filters: Provide RFI and EMI suppression. Rated for 208/230 Volt 50/60 Hz AC. Complies with CE
Council Directive 89/336/EEC relating to the Class A Industrial Standard and Class B Residential Standard.
Filters are available in remote or undermount types. See Table 7.
TABLE 7. RFI FILTER SELECTION
Model No.
KBRF-200A
KBRF-250
KBRF-300
KBRF-350
Part No.
9945C
9509
9484
9511
Current Rating
(RMS Amps)
24
10
16
10
* Also meets industrial standard.
24
Mounting
CE Class
Remote
Undermount
Remote
Undermount
A - Industrial
A - Industrial
B – Residential *
B – Residential *
Notes:
25
Notes:
26
Notes:
27
LIMITED WARRANTY
For a period of 18 months from the date of original purchase, KB Electronics, Inc. will repair or
replace without charge, devices which our examination proves to be defective in material or
workmanship. This warranty is valid if the unit has not been tampered with by unauthorized
persons, misused, abused, or improperly installed and has been used in accordance with the
instructions and/or ratings supplied. The foregoing is in lieu of any other warranty or guarantee,
expressed or implied. KB Electronics, Inc. is not responsible for any expense, including installation
and removal, inconvenience, or consequential damage, including injury to any person, caused by
items of our manufacture or sale. Some states do not allow certain exclusions or limitations found
in this warranty and therefore they may not apply to you. In any event, the total liability of KB
Electronics, Inc. under any circumstance shall not exceed the full purchase price of this product.
(rev. 2/2002)
COPYRIGHT © 2008 KB Electronics, Inc.
All rights reserved. In accordance with the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this
publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from KB
Electronics, Inc. (8/2002)
The information contained in this brochure is intended to be accurate. However, the manufacturer
retains the right to make changes in design which may not be included herein.
KB ELECTRONICS, Inc.
12095 NW 39th Street, Coral Springs, FL 33065 • (954) 346-4900 • Fax (954) 346-3377
Outside Florida, Call TOLL FREE (800) 221-6570 • Email – [email protected] •
www.kbelectronics.com
28
(A40202) – Rev. A -1/2008
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