Users Manual
DGC-1000A
CLAMP-ON GROUND RESISTANCE TESTER
USERS MANUAL
HOLD
OFF
FUNC
REC
EN 61010-2-032
CAT III 300V, CAT II 600V
Pollution Degree 2
Definition of Symbols:
Caution: Refer to Accompanying Documents
Caution: Risk of Electric Shock
Double Insulation
Table of Contents
I.
WARNING ............................................................................................... 1
II.
FEATURES DESCRIPTION .................................................................. 1
III.
PANEL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................... 2
IV.
LCD DISPLAY....................................................................................... 3
V.
OPERATION INSTRUCTION ................................................................ 4
5-1. Ground Resistance Measurement ..................................................... 4
5-2. High and Low Alarm (
) ............................................................... 7
5-3. Ground/Leakage Current Measurement ............................................ 9
5-4. Setting the Sampling Interval ........................................................... 10
5-5. Data Logging .................................................................................... 10
5-6. Read the Data Stored in Memory..................................................... 11
5-7. Clear Data Memory .......................................................................... 11
5-8. Cancel the Auto Power Off ............................................................... 11
VI.
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION ............................................................ 11
VII.
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION ....................................................... 14
VIII.
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................... 15
IX.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT ............................................................... 16
I. WARNING
1. Use of rubber gloves is a good safety practice even if the equipment
is properly operated and grounded.
2. Safety is the responsibility of the operator.
3. Use extreme caution when using the instrument around energized
electrical equipment.
4. Do not attempt to use the ground tester to twist or pry the ground
electrode or ground wire away from the equipment being grounded.
5. All metal objects or wires connected to an electrical system should be
assumed to be lethal until tested. Grounding system is no
exception.
II.
FEATURES DESCRIPTION
The clamp-on ground resistance tester enables the users to measure
ground resistance of a ground rod without the use of auxiliary ground
rods. Clamp-on ground resistance tester is used in multi-grounded
systems without disconnecting the ground under test.
HO
L
OF D
F
FU
NC
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1
III.
PANEL DESCRIPTION
HOLD
OFF
FUNC
REC
1. Jaws Assembly: Enclose electrode or ground rod. No air gap is
allowed between two half jaws.
2. Hold Button: Press this button to freeze the value in LCD
3. Rotary Switch: Turn power on and select the desired function.
4. LCD
5. REC button: When one of the functions is selected by FUNC
button, it is used to increment value. If no function is selected, it is
used to start data logging, or record one data point.
6. ▼ button: To decrement value, press this button
7. Jaws Trigger
8. ▲ button: To increment value, press this button
9. FUNC button: Press this button to select function of HI (hi alarm,)
LO (low alarm), SEC (seconds), or no.(read,).
2
IV.
LCD DISPLAY
1. Function
Display current selected function or current record number.
2. Digits
Display value from 0 to 9999 with decimal point.
3. Ohm
Symbol will be shown in  and alarm functions.
4. mA
Display ground leakage current in mA or A
5.
This symbol will be shown if the rotary switch is set at the
alarm position.
6. NOISE:
When ground resistance tester senses noise in the
ground electrode or ground rod, this symbol will be
shown in LCD
7. Jaw Open
When the jaw is open during measurement, this symbol
and the word OPEN will be shown in LCD.
8. Low Battery
When the battery voltage is lower than required, this
symbol will be shown in LCD.
9. NO.
Indicate the READ function.
10. REC
Indicate data logging is in progress.
11. AP
If this symbol is displayed in LCD, that means the unit
will be turned off in 4 to 6 minutes.
3
V.
OPERATION INSTRUCTION
5-1. Ground Resistance Measurement
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Open the jaws and make sure the jaws mating surfaces are clean
and free of dust, dirt or any foreign substance.
Snap the jaws closed a few times to let the jaws sit on the best
mating position.
Turn the power on, set the rotary switch at  position. Do not
clamp on to any conductor or open the jaws at this moment or
during self-calibration.
At power up, the clamp-on ground resistance tester will do the
self-calibration for better accuracy. Users should wait for
self-calibration to be complete. During the self-calibration, LCD
will show CAL5, CAL4, CAL 3, CAL2, and CAL1.
When the ground tester is ready, a beep sound will be heard.
Clamp on to the electrode or ground rod to be measured. Snap
the jaws closed a few times for better accuracy.
Read the value of Rg (ground resistance) from LCD.
Note: For better measurement,
1. Snap the jaws closed a few times before powering on.
2. Do not clamp on to any conductor at the moment of power up.
3. Snap the jaws closed a few times after clamping on to ground
electrode.
Note: If self-calibration does not stop,
1. That is because the self-calibration is not complete. Ground tester
will continue the process until a proper self-calibration is done.
2. Check the jaw mating surfaces. If there is any dirt, dust, or foreign
substance, clean the surfaces.
3. Do not open the jaws during self-calibration.
Note: Noise present in the electrode or ground rod.
If overly excessive current or 30V in ground rod exists, the symbol
“NOISE” will be displayed on the LCD. In the presence of noise, the
reading is no longer accurate.
Note: If jaw is open during measurement, a symbol of OPEN will be
displayed in LCD.
4
HOL
D
OFF
FUN
C
REC
RG
R1
R2
...R
HO
OFF LD
R1
FU
NC
R 3 ...R
R2
RE
C
RG
5
N
N
H
O
L
O
FF D
FU
N
C
R
EC
RG
6
5-2. High and Low Alarm (
)
position.
1. Set the rotary switch to the
2. Press the FUNC button to select “HI“ or “LO” alarm. The current
value of High or Low alarm will be displayed on the upper row of the
LCD.
3. Press the ▲ button or ▼ button to increment/decrement the value
by 1 ohm. As users hold the button longer, the speed of
incrementing/decrementing will become faster. The value can be
increment from 0 ohm to 1510 ohm and then OL. Or the value can
be decrement from OL to 1510 ohm to o ohm. The value will roll
over to OL/0 if the current value is 0/OL.
4. Once the value is set, press the FUNC button several times until the
upper row of the LCD displays no letters.
5. When the rotary switch is set to the
position. The unit will
compare the current value with the high and low alarm values. If the
current measurement is larger than the HI value, the unit will beep
and show HI -- in the upper row of LCD. If the current measurement
is smaller than the LO value, the unit will beep and show LO – in
the upper row of LCD.
7
HO
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EC
R LOOP
NOTE: If the HI value is set at OL, or the LO value is set at 0, the
ALARM function will be disabled. So they are method to disable one
of the HI or LO alarm.
NOTE: The HI value can’t be smaller than the low value. And the LO
value can’t be larger than the HI value. HI value will be adjusted to LO
value plus 1 when roll-over occurs. The maximum value of LO value is
HI value minus 1.
NOTE: If data logging is progressing, sound of beeping will be
disabled to save battery power. But the LCD still shows the warning
letters of “HI—“ or “LO—“.
NOTE: The values for the high and low alarm are stored in the
memory. They are restored when the power is turned on.
8
5-3. Ground/Leakage Current Measurement
1. Turn the power on, and set the rotary switch at the mA or A position.
2. Clamp on to the electrode or ground rod.
3. Read the value of leakage current displayed in LCD.
HO
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EC
9
5-4. Setting the Sampling Interval
1. Press the FUNC button until letters of
upper row of LCD.
“SEC” are shown in the
2. The unit shows the current sampling interval in seconds.
3. Press the ▲ or ▼ button to increment/decrement the value by 1
second. As users hold the button longer, the speed of
incrementing/decrementing will become faster. The value can be
incremented/decremented from 0 to 255 / 255 to 0 seconds. Value
will roll over when the value of maximum 255/minimum 0 seconds
is reached.
4. Press the FUNC button several times until the upper row LCD show
no letters.
5-5. Data Logging
The unit will start data logging if the REC button is pressed, and a
symbol of REC will be shown in LCD. Data will be recorded at the
specified sampling interval.
Data logging will be stopped if the memory is full, or the unit detects the
condition of low battery, or the REC button is pressed again.
NOTE: If the sampling interval is set at 0 seconds, only one data is
recorded. To record next data, users can press the REC button again.
The record number is also displayed for about 1 seconds.
10
5-6. Read the Data Stored in Memory
1.
Press the FUNC button until the symbol “NO” appears in the LCD.
The current record number is shown in the upper row of LCD.
And the data is displayed in the lower row of LCD.
2.
Press the ▲ or ▼ button to read the next/previous data,
3.
If the user holds the ▲ or ▼ button longer, the record number
will be incremented/decremented faster. The record number will
roll over when the last/first record is reached.
5-7. Clear Data Memory
Press and hold the REC button, then turn the power on. The letters
“CL” will appear indicating the memory is cleared.
5-8. Disabling Auto Power Off
At power up the symbol “AP” is displayed in the LCD. That means
the unit will turn itself off in about 4 to 6 minutes. To disable this
function press and hold the FUNC button, then turn the power on.
The “AP” symbol will no longer be displayed in the LCD.
VI.
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
Below is a simplified typical ground distribution system.
11
Its equivalent
circuit is shown in Figure A. If R1, R2, R3, ... Rn are combined as Req,
then only Rg and Req are left in the circuit (refer to Figure B). If a
constant voltage is applied to the circuit, the following equation will be
derived.
V
 Rg  Req
I
where
1
Req  , i  1, 2, ......, n
1
 Ri
If Rg and R1, R2, ... Rn are about the same, and n is a large number
(such as 200), then Req will be much less than Rg and maybe approach
zero.
Rg >> Req (Req→0)
Example:
If Rg and R1, R2, ... Rn are all 10 , respectively and n = 200. Then Req
by calculation equals
Re q 
1
1 1
1
 ...
10 10
10
 0. 05 Ω
V
 Rg  Req  10  0.05  10.05   Rg
I
In this example, we can see that as long as the number of multiple
electrodes is large enough, the equivalent resistance is negligible with
respect to the ground resistance to be measured.
12
HO
OF LD
F
FUN
C
REC
RG
R1
R2
R 3 ...R
Figure A
R1
R2 R3
N
FigureB
...R
N
RG
13
R eq
VII. ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Ground Resistance (Auto range) :
Range
Resolution
0.025 - 0.250 
0.002 
0.250 - 1.000 
0.02 
1.001 - 9.999 
0.02 
10.00 - 50.00 
0.04 
10.01 - 99.99 
0.04 
100.0 - 200.0 
0.4 
200.1 - 400.0 
2 
400.0 - 600.0 
5 
600.1 - 1500 
20 
Accuracy of Reading1
± 1.5% ± 0.05 
± 1.5% ± 0.05 
± 1.5% ± 0.1 
± 2.0% ± 0.3 
± 2.0% ± 0.5 
± 3.0% ± 1.0 
± 5.0% ± 5 
± 10% ± 10 
± 20%
Loop resistance noninductive, external field < 50 A/m, external electrical
field < 1 V/m, conductor centered.
2Resistance Measurement Frequency: 3.333KHz
1
High and Low Alarm
High Alarm
Lo Alarm
Range
0 - 1510
0 - 1510
Resolution
1
1
Ground/Leakage Current
(Auto range, 50/60 Hz, True RMS, Crest Factor < 3.0)
Range
Resolution
Accuracy of Reading
0.200 - 1.000 mA
0.001 mA
± 2.0% ± 0.05 mA
1.00 - 10.00 mA
0.01 mA
± 2.0% ± 0.03 mA
10.0 - 100.0 mA
0.1 mA
± 2.0% ± 0.3 mA
100 - 1000 mA
1 mA
± 2.0% ± 3 mA
(Auto range, 50/60 Hz, True RMS, Crest Factor < 3.0)
Range
Resolution
Accuracy of Reading
0.200 – 4.000 A
0.001 A
± 2.0% ± 0.03 A
4.00 – 30.00 A
0.01 A
± 3.0% ± 0.03 A
Accuracy of Resistance Calibration Plate: ±0.5%
Data Logging Capacity:116 records
Data Logging Interval: 1 to 255 seconds
14
VIII. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Conductor Size:
23mm (0.9”) approx.
Battery Type:
9V IEC 6 LR61 (Alkaline)
Display Type:
4 digits 9999 counts LCD
Range Selection:
Auto
Overload Indication:
OL
Power Consumption:
Low Battery Indication:
40mA
Battery Life:
3000 measurements
Sampling Time:
0.5 seconds
Operating Temperature:
0C to 50C (14F to 122 F)
Operating Humidity:
Less than 85% RH
Storage Temperature:
-20C to 60C (-4F to 122 F)
Storage Humidity:
Less than 75% RH
Dimension:
257mm (L) x 100mm(W) x 47mm(H)
10.1" (L) x 3.9"(W) x 1.9"(H)
Weight:
640g/1.4lbs
Accessories:
Resistance Calibration Plate x 1
9V Battery (Installed) x 1
Users Manual x 1
Carrying Box x 1
15
IX.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
When the low battery symbol is displayed on the LCD, replace the old
battery with new battery.
1. Turn the power off.
2. Remove the screw of the battery cover.
3. Lift and remove the battery cover.
4. Remove the old battery.
5. Install a new 9V battery.
6. Replace the cover of battery and secure the screws.
1
2
7
11
10
6
3
20
16
LIMITED WARRANTY
Congratulations! Your new instrument has been quality crafted according to
quality standards and contains quality components and workmanship. It
has been inspected for proper operation of all of its functions and tested by
qualified factory technicians according to the long-established standards of
our company.
Your instrument has a limited warranty against defective materials and/or
workmanship for one year from the date of purchase provided that, in the
opinion of the factory, the instrument has not been tampered with or taken
apart.
Should your instrument fail due to defective materials, and/or
workmanship during this one year period, a no charge repair or
replacement will be made to the original purchaser. Please have your
dated bill of sale, which must identify the instrument model number
and serial number and call the number listed below:
Repair Department
ATP – Amprobe, TIF, Promax
Miramar, FL 33025
Phone: 954-499-5400 Toll Free:800-327-5060
Fax: 954-499-5418
Website: www.Amprobe.com
Please obtain an RMA number before returning product for repair.
Outside the U.S.A. the local representative will assist you. Above limited
warranty
covers repair and replacement of instrument only and no other obligation is
stated or implied.
Miramar, FL 33025
17
Tel: 954-499-5400 Toll Free: 800-327-5060 Fax:954-499-5418
18
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