FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Human Panel Instruction Manual

FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Human Panel Instruction Manual
FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Human Panel
Instruction Manual
for product #
BG-FMIR-H20-8.0
Using LNA™ Technology from
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Version A (November 2006)
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1
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Patents and Trademarks
FlexmiR, xMAP, Because you want to know more, Luminex 100, Luminex 200, Luminex XYP and Luminex 100
IS are trademarks for Luminex Corporation. Exiqon and LNA are registered trademarks of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek,
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Literature citations:
Please refer to “FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Assay” whenever describing this method for publication.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PRODUCT SUMMARY................................................................................................................................................... 5
Kit Contents............................................................................................................................................................... 5
Shipping and Storage............................................................................................................................................. 5
Additional Required Materials (user-supplied)............................................................................................. 5
Related Products...................................................................................................................................................... 6
Product Description................................................................................................................................................ 6
Definitions.................................................................................................................................................................. 7
FlexmiR MicroRNA Assay – Work Flow............................................................................................................. 7
Controls....................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Normalization microspheres......................................................................................................................... 8
Control microspheres and Capture Probes.............................................................................................. 8
Sample Analysis........................................................................................................................................................ 9
Luminex analyzer settings............................................................................................................................. 9
Sample Setup....................................................................................................................................................11
PROTOCOL.....................................................................................................................................................................12
Before starting the experiment........................................................................................................................12
Preparations during the experiment..............................................................................................................12
Experimental Procedure......................................................................................................................................13
DATA ANALYSIS............................................................................................................................................................17
Background subtraction......................................................................................................................................17
Normalization..........................................................................................................................................................17
Normalization using normalization microspheres..............................................................................17
Normalization using the FlexmiR MicroRNA Control Set . ...............................................................18
TECHNICAL SUPPORT................................................................................................................................................19
REFERENCES..................................................................................................................................................................19
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PRODUCT SUMMARY
Kit Contents
The FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Human Panel consists of 9 components as described in Table 1.
Table 1.
Kit components
Amount supplied
Cap color
Human Pool 1
20 reactions
Blue
Human Pool 2
20 reactions
Yellow
Human Pool 3
20 reactions
Green
Human Pool 4
20 reactions
White
Human Pool 5
20 reactions
Red
Reporter Molecule*
36 µL
Amber
Hybridization Solution
1.6 mL
Clear
Wash Solution
45 mL
Clear
Nuclease Free Water
3.5 mL
Clear
*SAPE: streptavidin-phycoerythrin conjugate, 1 mg/mL
Shipping and Storage
The FlexmiR MicroRNA Human Panel is shipped on blue ice. Upon receipt, the components should
be stored as individually labeled. Use properly stored reagents within three months of receipt.
Additional Required Materials (user-supplied)
Luminex recommends:
FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Labeling Kit (product # BG-FMIR-L20)
For biotin labeling of microRNAs from total RNA samples
FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Control Set (product # BG-FMIR-C20)
For ensuring assay integrity
Biotinylated total RNA test sample
Deionized water
Nuclease-free PCR tubes, PCR strips or 96-well plate
Heating block or thermal cycler
Bath sonicator
Vortex mixer
Adhesive aluminum foil sealer for 96-well plates, Costar cat. #6570
Vacuum manifold (Multiscreen HTS Vacuum Manifold MSVM HTS)
Vacuum pressure pump
Plate shaker
96-well Thermowell P polycarbonate clear PCR plates, Costar cat.# 6509
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Sterile, nuclease-free filter barrier pipette tips
1.2 µm Millipore filter plate (Multiscreen Styrene MSBV N12XX or MSBV S1210
Luminex® 100™ or Luminex® 200™ analyzer with Luminex IS™ Software Version 2.3 or greater
Related Products
FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Mouse/Rat Extension Panel (product # BG-FMIR-M20-8.0)
FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Labeling Kit (product # BG-FMIR-L20)
FlexmiR™ MicroRNA Control Set (product # BG-FMIR-C20)
Product Description
The FlexmiR MicroRNA Labeling Kit labels uniformly across all RNA molecules using a simple and
fast 2-part protocol (see Workflow overview, page 7). In the first part, a biotin label is attached
enzymatically to the 3’-end of the RNAs molecules in the total RNA sample. This is followed by an
enzyme inactivation step after which the sample is ready for hybridization.
The FlexmiR MicroRNA Human Panel sensitively measures the expression of the miRBase sequence
database (version 8.0) human miRNA sequences by combining xMAP® technology and Locked
Nucleic Acid (LNA™) technology. The integration of these technologies allows precise detection
of miRNAs without prior need for sample RNA size fractionation or amplification. Discrimination
between closely related miRNA family members is achieved by the use of LNA-enhanced
capture probes complementary to the mature miRNA targets. The capture probes have been Tmnormalized to hybridize optimally under the conditions described in this protocol by varying the
LNA content and the length of the capture probes.
Locked Nucleic Acid (LNA™) is a conformationally restricted nucleic acid analogue in which the ribose ring is
”locked” with a methylene bridge connecting the 2’-O atom with the 4’-C atom. Incorporation of LNA in one
strand of a nucleic acid duplex increases the melting temperature of the duplex by 2-8° C/ LNA monomer.
The general flow of the FlexmiR MicroRNA Assay allows the end-user to work on samples of total
RNA to conduct the steps as follows: a biotinylation step that biotinylates the 3’ end of RNA (FlexmiR
MicroRNA Labeling Kit), followed by a hybridization step where the labeled miRNA hybridizes
specifically to LNA-spiked capture probes on xMAP Carboxylated Microspheres. The detection of
the biotinylated miRNA is achieved by the reaction with the Reporter Molecule (SAPE) and final
read of the samples in a microtiter plate on a Luminex 100 or Luminex 200 analyzer with Luminex
IS Software Version 2.3 or greater versions of the software.
The FlexmiR MicroRNA Human Panel includes a minimum of 97% of the annotated human
sequences listed in version 8.0 of the miRBase microRNA sequence database. Please visit the
Luminex microRNA resource site at www.luminexcorp.com/microRNA for information regarding
the included sequences.
IMPORTANT: The assay can provide quantitative results if standard material specific to a particular
miRNA is obtained seperately through an oligonucleotide vendor, as standards are not provided
with the panel.
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Definitions
Panel
A panel refers to the entire collection of assay targets performed against one unknown sample.
For example, the FlexmiR MicroRNA Human Panel collates data from multiple microsphere pools
(defined below) performed against an unknown sample to provide a panel of results.
Pool
A microsphere pool is a collection of 60-100 capture probe-bound microspheres mixed together
into one vial. Since the FlexmiR MicroRNA Panels involve assay targets in excess of 100, each
species-specific assay includes multiple pools to achieve coverage of the miRBase sequences.
FlexmiR MicroRNA Assay - Work flow
Biotin-label total RNA
Hybridize to
FlexmiR
microspheres
Detect hybridized
microRNAs on the
Luminex analyzer
Wash
Add SAPE
FlexmiR MicroRNA Labeling Kit
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Controls
Normalization Microspheres
Four normalization microspheres, regions 72, 73, 74 and 76, are included in each human pool. These
normalization microspheres each contain a unique LNA-capture probe specific for ubiquitous
small nucleolar RNA (snoRNAs), which are expected to be present in any total RNA sample. The
normalization microspheres are useful for normalizing the resulting Median Fluorescent Intensity
(MFI) across all the pools for a given sample.
Control Microspheres and Capture Probes
Five control microspheres, regions 83, 84, 85, 86 and 87, are included in each human pool.
These control microspheres each contain a unique LNA-capture probe specific to synthetic RNA
oligonucleotides, which have no biological equivalents.
The FlexmiR MicroRNA Control Set includes two mixtures of five synthetic RNA oligonucleotides,
one mixture is biotinylated (Biotinylated Control) and the other mixture is not (Non-Biotinylated
Control). Both controls are specific to the probes attached to the microspheres in regions 83-87,
so only one control, either the Biotinylated Control or the Non- Biotinylated Control, may be used
per well.
The Biotinylated Control is provided as a stand-alone verification that the panel is performing as
expected without the variable of the biotinylation labeling. It may also be used to spike into the
biotin-labeled total RNA sample post-labeling to verify the integrity of the assay. The Biotinylated
Control is also useful for becoming familiar with the assay or troubleshooting the assay without
using precious RNA sample.
The Non-Biotinylated Control is provided to spike into the unlabeled total RNA sample to verify
the integrity of the labeling protocol as well as the panel protocol. It also provides a reference
from which to normalize results between different samples. The Non-Biotinylated Control is also
useful for normalizing results within samples, similar to the normalization microspheres, when
using samples that have been enriched or samples that do not contain snoRNAs.
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Sample Analysis
Luminex analyzer settings
A high reporter gain setting for the Luminex analyzer is recommended to provide best results.
Guidelines for modifying the gain setting and calibrating the analyzer to this setting are provided
below.
IMPORTANT: If the analyzer is used for other assays that utilize the low reporter gain setting,
modify and calibrate the setting back to the original setting following this assay.
After completing the analyzer startup procedures, which include warm-up, prime, alcohol flush,
and two washes, the analyzer must be calibrated. Make sure the probe height is set for the plate
type being used for calibration.
TIP
Tip: Steps 1-14 of the below instructions may be automated by using the calibration-control template
(FMIR_Calibration_Control_Template) provided at www.luminexcorp.com/microRNA.
1.In the Maintenance tab, click on the CAL1 icon. On the Confirmation Screen that appears, click
New CAL1 Target.
2.Input (or select if present in the pull-down list) the CAL1 and CAL2 lot numbers and
corresponding expiration dates. For CAL1, enter (or verify) that the DD, CL1, and CL2 values
on the screen for that lot match those printed on the CAL1 bottle. For CAL2, enter (or verify)
that the RP1 value matches the stated RP1 Target Value on the CAL2 bottle label. When done,
click OK.
3.On the Confirmation Screen use the pull-down bar at the right to select the location of CAL1
on the plate being used.
4.Click Eject/Retract to open the Luminex XYP instrument.
5.Remove CAL1 from 2° C to 8° C storage and vortex the container to ensure
homogeneity. Open the bottle and invert it such that it is perpendicular to the plate
and squeeze to dispense 4-5 drops from the dropper tip into the well specified on the
Confirmation Screen.
IMPORTANT: The number of drops used for performing calibration and controls on the
Luminex analyzer depends on the type of microtiter plate used. For example, 5 drops are
recommended when using a flat bottom microtiter plate. Fewer drops may be necessary for
other microtiter plate types that have lower volume capacity, but be careful to ensure that
sufficient reagent volume is provided to not create air in the Luminex analyzer.
6. Click Eject/Retract and then click OK to start calibration for CAL1.
7. Once CAL1 calibration has passed successfully, on the “Maintenance” tab, click on the CAL2
icon. On the Confirmation Screen that appears repeat steps 4-6 for CAL2.
8.After both CAL1 and CAL2 have passed successfully, click on the CON1 icon in the
Maintenance tab.
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9.Input (or select if present in the pull-down list) the CON1 and CON2 lot numbers and
corresponding expiration dates. For CON1, enter (or verify) that the Target A1, Target B1, and
Target C1 values for the 5 references are correct. For CON2, enter (or verify) that the Target
A1 values are correct for the 4 references. All these values can be found on the certificates of
quality that accompanied the control beads or off the FAQs page at www.luminexcorp.com.
When done, click OK.
10. On the Confirmation Screen use the pull-down bar at the right to select the location of CON1
on the plate being used.
11. Click Eject/Retract to open the Luminex XYP instrument.
12. Remove CON1 from 2° C to 8° C storage and vortex the container to ensure
homogeneity. Open the bottle and invert it so that it is perpendicular to the plate and squeeze
to dispense 4-5 drops from the dropper tip into the well specified on the Confirmation
Screen.
13. Click Eject/Retract and then click OK to start confirmation of calibration using CON1.
14. Once CON1 has passed successfully, on the Maintenance tab, click on the CON2 icon. On the
Confirmation Screen that appears repeat steps 11-13 for CON2.
15.After both CON1 and CON2 have passed successfully, click on the CAL2 icon in the Maintenance
tab. Click on the CAL2 icon. On the Confirmation Screen that appears, click New CAL2 Target.
16.In the Update CAL Targets dialog box, set up a new CAL2 lot using the CAL2 lot number
from the bottle plus a designator, such as “A1234-high”. Calculate the new RP1 Target Value
by multiplying the RP1 target value provided on the label of the CAL2 bottle by 4.55 (e.g.
3832 x 4.55 = 17436). Enter this calculated value as the new RP1 Target Value and click OK.
This increases the reporter gain setting.
IMPORTANT: After the assay is run, the machine will require recalibration back to the original
CAL2 lot number RP1 Target Value to lower the reporter gain to the original setting.
17.On the Confirmation Screen use the pull-down list at the right to select the location of CAL2
on the plate being used.
18. Click Eject/Retract to open the Luminex XYP instrument.
19.Remove CAL2 from 2° C to 8° C storage and vortex the container to ensure
homogeneity. Open the bottle and invert it such that it is perpendicular to the plate and
squeeze to dispense 4-5 drops from the dropper tip into the well specified on the Confirmation
Screen.
20.Click Eject/Retract and then click OK to start high reporter gain setting calibration using
CAL2.
21.After calibration is complete, clean the system by clicking Wash on the Maintenance Tab. Make
sure the reservoir has deionized water in it before washing. Repeat for a total of 4 washes.
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Sample Setup
Prior to running the sample analysis, it is important that the Luminex analyzer is loaded with the
appropriate template files. Software templates are available for use with the Luminex IS Software
Version 2.3 at www.luminexcorp.com/microRNA. There are five templates to download, one for
each pool of microspheres. To set up the assay, create a New Multi-Batch under the File menu as
described in the Luminex IS Software Manual for Version 2.3/Procedures/Batch Setup Procedures/
Create a Multi-Batch.
IMPORTANT: A background control, such as nuclease-free water treated in same manner as
sample, is recommended for each microsphere pool to use in determining background MFI for
each pool. Also, each template begins with 2 wash cycles using deionized water from the XYP
analyzer reservoir. If not using the provided templates, be sure to include 2 wash cycles between
each different microsphere pool to ensure best results.
When using the Luminex IS software templates, group the samples such that each microsphere
pool is run together. For example:
To perform the entire Human Panel, which consists of five microsphere pools or human pools, for
five total RNA samples, where:
Key
P1
Description
IS Template for Human Pool 1
P2
IS Template for Human Pool 2
P3
IS Template for Human Pool 3
P4
IS Template for Human Pool 4
P5
IS Template for Human Pool 5
Sx
Sample number, for example: S1=Sample 1
*
Indicates the analyzer will perform 2 wash cycles from the XYP
reservoir prior to testing from the indicated well
BC
Background control
Fill the XYP analyzer reservoir with deionized water and setup the plate as follows:
1
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
P1-BC *
P1-S1
P1-S2
P1-S3
P1-S4
P1-S5
P2-BC *
P2-S1
2
3
4
P2-S2
P2-S3
P2-S4
P2-S5
P3-BC *
P3-S1
P3-S2
P3-S3
P3-S4
P3-S5
P4-BC *
P4-S1
P4-S2
P4-S3
P4-S4
P4-S5
P5-BC *
P5-S1
P5-S2
P5-S3
P5-S4
P5-S5
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6
7
8
9
10
11
12
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11
PROTOCOL
Before starting the experiment
Labeling of RNA: Biotin-label 2 µg of total RNA per microsphere pool. For example, the human
panel contains five microsphere pools, so use 10 ug for the entire panel. When using the human
panel in combination with the mouse/rat extension panel that contains two microsphere
pools, prepare 14 ug total RNA. Luminex recommends using the FlexmiR MicroRNA Labeling
Kit for labeling of the RNA sample(s). Please visit www.luminexcorp.com/microRNA to learn
more about this product.
IMPORTANT: Human sourced material should always be handled as potential biohazard
material. Use Universal Precautions in the handling of all human sourced materials. (There is
no human sourced material in the labeling kit or panel components).
Analyzer startup: Ensure the Luminex analyzer has been through manufacturer-recommended
start up procedures and is calibrated according to the procedures detailed under “Luminex
analyzer settings” starting on page 9. Refer to the appropriate analyzer instruction manual for
more information about start up procedures.
Preparations during the experiment
Preheating of Wash Solution: Before reaching step 18 of the protocol, preheat an appropriate
volume (min. 200 µL per well) of Wash Solution to 60° C. Keep remaining Wash Solution at room
temperature.
Preparation of Reporter Solution: Shortly before reaching step 23 of the protocol, prepare fresh
reporter solution by diluting the Reporter Molecule (SAPE) in room temperature Wash Solution to
10 µg/mL (1:100 dilution) in a nuclease-free container. Protect this solution from light.
Twenty five µL of reporter solution is required for each reaction.
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Experimental Procedure
IMPORTANT: The human pools and Reporter Molecule should be protected from prolonged
exposure to light throughout this procedure.
Protocol Step
Detail
1.Verify analyzer setting
and setup assay
Verify that the Luminex analyzer is set to the high reporter gain
as described under “Luminex analyzer settings” starting on page
9 of this manual.
Setup the assay in the analyzer software as described under
“Sample setup” starting on page 11.
2.Label total RNA
sample(s)
Prepare biotin-labeled total RNA sample(s) using the FlexmiR
MicroRNA Labeling Kit.
3.Dilute labeled total
RNA sample(s)
Dilute the labeled sample in nuclease-free water to a concentration
of 1 µg RNA/10µL. For example, when using 10 µg total RNA
from the labeling procedure, add 60 µL of nuclease-free water
to the labeled sample to achieve a volume of 100 µL. This allows
for the use of 20 µL (corresponding to 2 µg labeled total RNA)
per hybridization (step 9 of this protocol).
4.Select the appropriate
Human Pool(s)
Please refer to www.luminexcorp.com/microRNA for information
regarding specific microRNA sequences contained in each
human pool.
5.Resuspend Human
Pools
Resuspend microspheres in each of the selected human pools
by vortexing followed by bath sonication for approximately 20 s.
If preparing a large number of samples, occasionally resuspend
using this technique.
6.Add 16 µL of
appropriate Human
Pool to each sample or
background well
The assay should be prepared in nuclease-free PCR tubes, strips
or 96-well plate(s). A separate well, or tube, is required for each
human pool being tested. For example, if testing 5 human pools
for one tissue sample, plan to use 5 wells to perform the testing
of that sample.
IMPORTANT: Do not mix microspheres from different pools in
the same well.
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7. Add 14 µL of
Hybridization Solution
to each sample or
background well
8. Add 20 µL NucleaseFree Water to each
background well
9. Add 20 µL of diluted
labeled total RNA
sample to each sample
well
For best results, use 2 µg of labeled total RNA (20 µL) per reaction
or well. If the volume of the RNA is less than 20 µL, add nucleasefree water to reach 20 µL total volume.
The volume of the labeled RNA must not exceed 20 µL. The
sample volume can be reduced by using a Speedvac (Savant,
product# 74104 or equivalent).
10. Mix reagents
Mix reagents gently by pipette mixing. Avoid foaming the
reagents.
11.Incubate at 95-100° C
for 3 min.
Close the tubes (or if using a 96-well plate, cover the reaction
plate with adhesive aluminum foil) to prevent evaporation and
light exposure. Incubate at 95-100° C for 3 min. to denature any
secondary structure in the sample.
Steps 11 and 12 can be combined with the use of a thermal
cycler programmed as follows:
Hold at 95° C, 3 min.
Hold at 60° C, FOREVER
12. Incubate at 60° C for
60 min.
Make sure that the samples are protected from exposure to light
during the hybridization reaction.
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Place the filter plate on the inverted filter plate lid and add
100 µL of Wash Solution to the required number of wells.
Tip: Small amounts of liquid can pass through the filters and
accumulate on the lower side of the filters, i.e. at the bottom of the
filter plate. Placing the filter plate on the inverted plate lid between
steps throughout the protocol will elevate the plate slightly
and thereby reduce the risk of contamination of the filters from
neighboring wells.
TIP
13.After the incubation,
pre-wet a 96-well filter
plate with 100 µL of
Wash Solution
TIP
Tip: Perform steps 13-15 during the hybridization incubation
to prepare for washing the reaction and to reduce reaction
temperature cooling prior to washing.
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14.Incubate the filter
plate at room
temperature for 1 min.
During this incubation, cover any unused wells with adhesive
aluminum foil.
15.Transfer the filter
plate to the vacuum
manifold and filter the
Wash Solution
As soon as the liquid has passed through, place the filter plate
on the inverted filter plate lid.
16.Transfer the
hybridization
reactions to the filter
plate wells
Gently pipette up and down three times, and then transfer the
hybridization reactions to the filter plate. Avoid foaming the
reagents.
17.Transfer the filter
plate to the vacuum
manifold and filter
the hybridization
reactions
When the liquid has passed through, place the filter plate on the
inverted filter plate lid.
TIP
Tip: Remove the filter plate from the vacuum manifold as soon as the
liquid has passed through as overdrying the filters can compromise
their performance.
18.Carefully add 100 µL of
preheated (60° C) Wash
Solution to each well
19.Transfer the filter
plate to the vacuum
manifold and filter
through the Wash
Solution
When the liquid has passed through, place the filter plate on the
inverted filter plate lid.
20.Repeat steps 18-19
Repeat steps 18 and 19 (using additional pre-warmed wash
solution) for a total of 2 washes per reaction.
21.Blot the bottom of
the filter plate on a
clean tissue to remove
surplus liquid.
Place the plate on the inverted filter plate lid and immediately
proceed to the next step.
22.Add 50 µL of Wash
Solution (room
temperature) to each
well
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23.Add 25 µL of fresh
reporter solution to
each well
Prepare fresh reporter solution by diluting the Reporter Molecule
(SAPE) in room temperature Wash Solution to 10 µg/mL (1:100
dilution) in a nuclease-free container. Protect this solution from
light.
24.Mix on a plate shaker
at room temperature
for 15 minutes at 600
rpm
Protect this reaction from light using aluminum foil.
25.Transfer each sample
to a Costar 96-well
Thermowell P
polycarbonate clear
PCR plate
Transfer each sample to a Costar plate and fill the XYP analyzer
reservoir with deionized water (as instructed in the Sample Setup
starting on page 11) to allow the Luminex analyzer to perform 2
wash cycles prior to each different microsphere pool.
TIP
Tip: Verify that probe height is properly adjusted for the plate used
for reading samples.
26.Analyze 50 µL of
each sample (room
temperature) on the
Luminex analyzer
according to the
appropriate system
manual
27.Reset reporter gain
setting
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If the analyzer is used for other assays that utilize the low reporter
gain setting, modify and calibrate the reporter gain setting back
to the original CAL2 setting. Refer to the instructions provided
under “Luminex analyzer settings” starting on page 9 of this
manual, steps 1-14.
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DATA ANALYSIS
Background subtraction
For each of the five human pools a background control (i.e. water “hybridized” to the microsphere
pool instead of labeled RNA) should be measured. The Median Fluorescence Intensity (MFI)
obtained from this background control should be subtracted from all sample MFIs in the relevant
microsphere pool.
Normalization
If the quality of the RNA sample preparation and quantification is consistent between samples,
the normalization methods described below will provide good quality data analysis. However,
it is important to note that these methods only enable correction for variation in hybridization
or labeling efficiencies. They do not normalize for variation between the biological samples (e.g.
differences in RNA quality or input amount).
Normalization using Normalization Microspheres
Four normalization microspheres, regions 72, 73, 74 and 76, are included in each human pool.
These normalization microspheres each contain a unique LNA capture probe specific for
ubiquitously expressed small nucleolar RNA (snoRNAs). The normalization microspheres can be
used to:
Check for consistent hybridization of a labeled total RNA sample across all microsphere pools.
Correct MFIs for variation in hybridization between microsphere pools for a given labeled total
RNA sample.
IMPORTANT: The normalization microspheres do not provide reliable normalization when the
RNA samples have been enriched for small RNAs prior to labeling.
After data acquisition is complete, analyze the data as follows:
1. Discard normalization microsphere signals of less than 250 MFI.
2. Calculate the coefficient of variation (CV*) of the MFI’s obtained from each normalization
microsphere across the five pools.
3. If the CV values are all below 10%, further normalization is not necessary.
4. If one or more of the CV values are above 10%, and if the MFIs obtained from the four
normalization microspheres in one pool reflect a general tendency for higher or lower signals
than in the other pools, normalization is recommended.
Example: A sample is hybridized to all five human pools. In one of the five pools, the four
normalization microspheres MFIs are 13%, 20%, 15% and 16% lower than the average MFIs
of the normalization microspheres in the other four human pools giving an average signal
decrease of 16%. All MFIs from this pool are corrected for this factor:
Normalized MFI =
MFIsample - MFIbackground
1 - 0.16
* The standard deviation of the replicas times 100 divided by the sample mean.
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IMPORTANT: snoRNAs cannot be assumed to be equally expressed in different tissues or across
different treatments of the same tissue. Therefore, the normalization microspheres cannot be
assumed to be suitable for normalization between samples.
Normalization using the FlexmiR MicroRNA Control Set
Luminex recommends the use of the FlexmiR MicroRNA Control Set (product # BG-FMIR-C20) in
order to enable more comprehensive normalization of FlexmiR MicroRNA Human Panel data.
The FlexmiR MicroRNA Control Set includes a mixture of five non-biotinylated synthetic control
RNA oligonucleotides (Non-Biotinylated Control). Five control microspheres, regions 83, 84, 85,
86 and 87, are designed to specifically target these five control oligonucleotides that have no
biological equivalents. The control microspheres are included in each of the five human pools.
When spiked into the total RNA sample prior to labeling, the Non-Biotinylated Control provides
several advantages as compared to using the normalization microspheres alone:
Consistent labeling and hybridization can be assured across microsphere pools and samples.
Correction of MFIs for variation in labeling and hybridization between microsphere pools and
samples is made possible.
Both total RNA and enriched RNA samples can be normalized.
After data acquisition is complete, analyze the data as follows:
1. Calculate the coefficient of variation (CV) of the MFI’s obtained from each control microsphere
across the sample wells that are compared.
2. If the CV values are all below 10%, further normalization is not necessary.
3. If one or more of the CV values are above 10%, and if the MFIs obtained from the five control
microspheres in a particular pool or sample reflect a general tendency for higher or lower
signals than in the other pools or samples, normalization is recommended. This is done in a
similar manner as described for the normalization microspheres above.
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TECHNICAL SUPPORT
Additional information about microRNA is available on the Luminex website at www.
luminexcorp.com/microRNA. Support for miRNA as well as other xMAP topics is available at
www.luminexcorp.com.
Also review Frequently Asked Questions from the main Luminex website by clicking Support >
Support Login to log into the Support FAQ site, then click on the Support tab. First time visitors
may need to register to view all of the FAQ content.
Toll free technical support is available to users in the U.S. and Canada by calling 1-877-785-BEAD
(-2323). Users outside of the U.S. and Canada can call at +1 512-381-4397.
Inquiries may also be sent by E-mail to [email protected]
REFERENCES
The microRNA Registry.
Griffiths-Jones S. Nucleic Acids Research, 2004, 32, Database Issue, D109-11
miRBase, The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. http://microrna.sanger.ac.uk/
FlexmiR Labeling Kit Instruction Manual, Luminex Corporation
Luminex IS Software Manual for Version 2.3, Luminex Corporation
Luminex 200 System User Manual, Luminex Corporation
www.luminexcorp.com/microRNA
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