Vaisala Structural Humidity Measurement Kit SHM40 User`s Guide

Vaisala Structural Humidity Measurement Kit SHM40 User`s Guide
USER'S GUIDE
Vaisala Structural Humidity
Measurement Kit
SHM40
M211423EN-C
PUBLISHED BY
Vaisala Oyj
P.O. Box 26
FI-00421 Helsinki
Finland
Phone (int.): +358 9 8949 1
Fax:
+358 9 8949 2227
Visit our Internet pages at www.vaisala.com.
© Vaisala 2015
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical (including photocopying), nor may its contents be communicated to a third
party without prior written permission of the copyright holder.
The contents are subject to change without prior notice.
Local rules and regulations may vary and they shall take precedence over the
information contained in this manual. Vaisala makes no representations on this
manual’s compliance with the local rules and regulations applicable at any given time,
and hereby disclaims any and all responsibilities related thereto.
Please observe that this manual does not create any legally binding obligations for
Vaisala towards the customer or end user. All legally binding commitments and
agreements are included exclusively in the applicable supply contract or Conditions of
Sale.
_________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................................................ 5
About This Manual ................................................................... 5
Contents of This Manual ....................................................... 5
Version Information ............................................................... 6
Related Manuals ................................................................... 6
Documentation Conventions ................................................. 6
Safety ......................................................................................... 7
ESD Protection ...................................................................... 7
Recycling .................................................................................. 8
Regulatory Compliances ......................................................... 8
Trademarks ............................................................................... 8
Warranty .................................................................................... 9
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW ................................................................................ 11
Introduction to SHM40 Kit ..................................................... 11
SHM40 Kit Contents ............................................................... 12
CHAPTER 3
HUMIDITY MEASUREMENT IN CONCRETE ............................................. 15
Humidity Measurements in a Borehole ................................ 15
Measurement Depth ............................................................ 16
Humidity Profile ................................................................... 16
Maximum Humidity Levels for Coating ................................ 18
Importance of Temperature Differences .............................. 19
Preparations for Measurement ............................................. 20
Preparations for Solid Concrete .......................................... 21
Preparations for Freshly Cast Concrete .............................. 22
Inserting the Probe and Sealing the Hole ........................... 24
Alternate Sealing Materials ................................................. 27
Plastic Tubes .................................................................. 27
Rubber Plugs ................................................................. 27
Protective Covers ........................................................... 27
Performing the Measurement ............................................... 28
Ending the Measurements..................................................... 29
CHAPTER 4
USING THE HM40 INDICATOR................................................................... 31
HM40 Indicator ........................................................................ 31
Batteries .................................................................................. 32
Battery Life .......................................................................... 33
Charging .............................................................................. 33
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 1
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Connecting the Probe ............................................................ 34
First Startup ............................................................................ 35
Initial Settings ...................................................................... 35
Quantities Explained .............................................................. 36
Screen Layout and Controls.................................................. 37
Indicators ............................................................................. 38
Numeric View ...................................................................... 38
Statistics View ..................................................................... 39
Graph View .......................................................................... 39
Hold and Tag ........................................................................... 40
Main Menu ............................................................................... 42
Tagged Points ..................................................................... 42
Graph Duration .................................................................... 43
Settings ................................................................................ 43
Calibration ........................................................................... 44
Help ..................................................................................... 44
Settings Submenu .................................................................. 45
Language ............................................................................. 45
Units..................................................................................... 45
Time & Date ......................................................................... 46
Pressure .............................................................................. 47
Reminder ............................................................................. 47
Backlight .............................................................................. 48
Battery ................................................................................. 48
Power off ............................................................................. 48
Navigation ............................................................................ 49
Rounding ............................................................................. 49
Factory Settings ................................................................... 49
CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................ 51
Periodic Maintenance ............................................................. 51
Cleaning .............................................................................. 51
Changing the Filter .............................................................. 52
Calibration ........................................................................... 52
Calibrating the HMP40S Probe Using HMK15 Humidity
Calibrator ............................................................................. 53
Repair Maintenance ................................................................ 56
CHAPTER 6
TROUBLESHOOTING.................................................................................. 57
Avoid Condensation and Rain .............................................. 57
Problem Situations ................................................................. 58
Technical Support .................................................................. 59
CHAPTER 7
TECHNICAL DATA ...................................................................................... 61
Specifications ......................................................................... 61
Spare Parts and Accessories ................................................ 63
Dimensions in mm .................................................................. 64
APPENDIX A
2 ____________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
_________________________________________________________________________________
HUMIDITY REPORT FORM ......................................................................... 65
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 3
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15
Figure 16
Figure 17
Figure 18
Figure 19
Figure 20
Figure 21
Contents of the SHM40 Kit ....................................................... 12
Drying in One Direction ............................................................ 17
Drying in Two Directions ........................................................... 17
Measurement Error at 1 °C Temperature Difference ............... 19
Pressing the Tube into the Hole ............................................... 21
Preparing the Tube for Fresh Concrete .................................... 22
Plugged Tube in Fresh Concrete.............................................. 23
Cracking the Concrete at the Bottom of the Tube .................... 23
Locking the Cover in Place ....................................................... 24
Sealing the Tube with a Rubber Plug ....................................... 25
Cable Folded in the Protective Cover ....................................... 25
Recommended Setup During Stabilization ............................... 26
Performing the Measurement ................................................... 28
HM40 Indicator for Structural Humidity Measurements............ 31
HMP40S Probe ......................................................................... 32
Connecting the Probe ............................................................... 34
Screen Layout........................................................................... 37
Elements of the Graph View ..................................................... 39
Tagged Points in the Graph View ............................................. 41
Changing the Filter ................................................................... 52
HM40S Dimensions .................................................................. 64
List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Manual Revisions ....................................................................... 6
Related Manuals ......................................................................... 6
Wooden Floor Coverings .......................................................... 18
Other Materials ......................................................................... 18
Quantities Output by HM40S .................................................... 36
Indicators on the HM40 Display................................................ 38
Some Problem Situations and Their Remedies ....................... 58
HMP40S Probe ......................................................................... 61
HM40 Indicator ......................................................................... 62
Spare Parts and Accessories ................................................... 63
4 ____________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This chapter provides general notes for the manual and the SHM40 kit.
About This Manual
This manual provides information for operating, and maintaining the
Vaisala Structural Humidity Measurement Kit SHM40. The manual also
instructs in performing structural humidity measurements using the
borehole method.
Contents of This Manual
This manual consists of the following chapters:
- Chapter 1, General Information, provides general notes for the manual
and the SHM40 kit.
- Chapter 2, Product Overview, introduces the features, advantages, and
the product nomenclature.
- Chapter 3, Humidity Measurement in Concrete, describes the borehole
method of concrete humidity measurement.
- Chapter 4, Using the HM40 Indicator, introduces the functions of the
HM40 indicator and the HMP40S probe.
- Chapter 5, Maintenance, provides information that is needed in basic
maintenance of the SHM40 kit.
- Chapter 6, Troubleshooting, describes common problems, their
probable causes and remedies, and provides contact information for
technical support.
- Chapter 7, Technical Data, provides the technical data of the SHM40
kit.
- Appendix A, Humidity Report Form, contains an example report form
that can be used to record humidity measurement results.
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 5
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Version Information
Table 1
Manual Code
M211423EN-C
M211423EN-B
M211423EN-A
Manual Revisions
Description
October 2015. This manual. HM40 indicator
software version updated to 1.5 with new calibration
reminder and automatic power off functionalities.
RH measurement accuracy specification updated.
2-point calibration reference limit information
added. New carrying case model added. Disclaimer
information updated.
April 2012. Previous version. Moved measurement
procedures to chapter 3. Updated safety
precautions, calibration screenshots, and
accessories list. Added an example humidity report
sheet.
First version.
Related Manuals
Table 2
Manual Code
M211088EN
M211087EN
M210185EN
Related Manuals
Manual Name
HM40 Series User’s Guide
HM40 Quick Guide
HMK15 User’s Guide
Documentation Conventions
Throughout the manual, important safety considerations are highlighted
as follows:
WARNING
Warning alerts you to a serious hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions very carefully at this point, there is a risk of injury or even
death.
CAUTION
Caution warns you of a potential hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions carefully at this point, the product could be damaged or
important data could be lost.
NOTE
Note highlights important information on using the product.
6 ____________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
Safety
The SHM40 kit delivered to you has been tested approved as shipped
from the factory. Note the following precautions:
WARNING
When drilling holes in concrete, wear respiratory protection to avoid
breathing concrete dust. If you are drilling through a floor coating, note
that the dust may also contain hazardous materials such as lead, asbestos
fibers, or crystalline silica. When cleaning the hole, avoid blowing dust
away from the hole – use a vacuum cleaner instead.
WARNING
Contact with fresh (unhardened) concrete may cause irritation or burns
to the skin and eyes. Wear adequate protection and observe safe
workplace practices.
CAUTION
Do not modify the unit. Improper modification can damage the product
or lead to malfunction.
ESD Protection
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can cause immediate or latent damage to
electronic circuits. Vaisala products are adequately protected against
ESD for their intended use. It is possible to damage the product,
however, by delivering electrostatic discharges when touching,
removing, or inserting any objects inside the equipment housing.
To make sure you are not delivering high static voltages yourself, avoid
touching exposed contacts on the probe or the meter.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Recycling
Recycle all applicable material.
Dispose of batteries and the unit according to statutory regulations. Do
not dispose of with regular household refuse.
Regulatory Compliances
The Vaisala Structural Humidity Measurement Kit SHM40 is in
conformity with the provisions of the following EU directive(s):
- EMC-Directive
Conformity is shown by compliance with the following standards:
- EN 61326-1: Electrical equipment for measurement, control, and
laboratory use – EMC requirements – for portable equipment.
- EN 550022: Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance
characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement.
Trademarks
HUMICAP® is a registered trademark of Vaisala Oyj.
8 ____________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
Warranty
Visit our Internet pages for more information and our standard warranty
terms and conditions: www.vaisala.com/warranty.
Please observe that any such warranty may not be valid in case of
damage due to normal wear and tear, exceptional operating conditions,
negligent handling or installation, or unauthorized modifications. Please
see the applicable supply contract or Conditions of Sale for details of the
warranty for each product.
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 9
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10 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This chapter introduces the features, advantages, and the product
nomenclature.
Introduction to SHM40 Kit
Vaisala Structural Humidity Measurement Kit SHM40 is a practical tool
for humidity measurement of concrete and other structures. The kit has
been designed for use with the borehole method.
Main features:
- HM40 indicator
- HM40 indicator with connection adapter for HMP40S probes.
- Large graphical display with graphs for selected quantity and
temperature.
- Outputs a wide range of quantities: RH, Td, Tw, a, x, h, T. See
section Quantities Explained on page 36.
- Powered by standard AA size batteries (2 pcs).
- Belt clip.
- Interchangeable HMP40S humidity and temperature probe
- HMP110 probe and cable with integrated rubber plug.
- Can be calibrated by a Vaisala Service Center or user calibrated
using the HMK15 humidity calibrator, for example.
- Various accessories for ensuring accurate humidity measurement
using the borehole method.
- Durable weatherproof case.
- Conforms to ASTM standard F2170.
NOTE
The HM40 indicator and HMP40S probe are also sold separately as
the HM40S.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 11
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
SHM40 Kit Contents
1508-113
Figure 1
Contents of the SHM40 Kit
Standard contents:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Pocket for documents and accessories
HM40 indicator with quick connection adapter (1 pc, HM40SINDI)
HMP40S humidity and temperature probe (1 pc, HMP40S)
Plastic tubes: ∅ 17.4 mm, length 120 mm (12 pcs, 19266HM)
Rubber plugs: ∅ 13 mm, length 21 mm (12 pcs, 233976)
Protective covers with lid: ∅ 64 mm, length 101 mm
(3 pcs, 19268HM)
Optional items not included with the standard kit:
7
8
9
10
=
=
=
=
Long rubber plugs for fresh concrete (12 pcs, 26530HM)
Plastic flanges for fresh concrete (12 pcs, 26529HM)
HM42 probe for tight spaces (HM42PROBE)
HM46 stainless steel robust probe (HM46PROBE)
12 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
You can order standard items and optional accessories from Vaisala.
For the full list of accessories, see section Spare Parts and Accessories on
page 63.
NOTE
Vaisala recommends using multiple HMP40S probes so that they can be
inserted in all measurement points and left to equalize concurrently.
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14 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
CHAPTER 3
HUMIDITY MEASUREMENT IN
CONCRETE
This chapter describes the borehole method of concrete humidity
measurement.
Humidity Measurements in a Borehole
SHM40 kit is designed for measuring humidity in concrete using the
borehole method. In the borehole method, a hole is drilled to a suitable
depth in the concrete structure to be measured. After the drilling, the hole
is cleaned and covered, and air humidity in the hole is allowed to
equalize with the humidity in the concrete. The airspace humidity will
reach humidity equilibrium with the concrete in about three days. After
this, the humidity measurement is made.
For successful humidity measurement using the borehole method and the
SHM40 kit, the following points are vital when preparing the hole:
- The hole must be ∅ 16 mm and reach to proper depth. See section
Measurement Depth on page 16.
- After drilling, the hole must be cleaned from the drilling debris.
- The hole must be allowed to cool down from the drilling, and the
humidity in the concrete must be allowed to equalize with the air in
the hole.
- The hole must be sealed during the equalization time. The plastic tube
and rubber plug in the SHM40 kit are used for this purpose. Ideally,
the probe should be inside the plastic tube during this time.
NOTE
For reliable results, it is recommended to have several measurement
points.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 15
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Measurement Depth
The borehole must reach deep enough into the concrete structure to
provide a representative humidity condition. The correct depth of the
borehole is affected by the drying conditions of the concrete structure:
- When drying occurs from one side only, the measurement depth (d) is
40 % of the depth of a slab. See Figure 2 on page 17.
- For a concrete slab that is exposed to air on both sides, the minimum
depth of measurement (d) is 20 % of the depth of the slab. See Figure
3 on page 17.
The minimum measurement depth using standard SHM40 accessories is
30 mm, maximum is 90 mm.
Humidity Profile
The humidity profile of the slab depends on the drying conditions of the
concrete: whether the concrete dries in one or in two directions. In
concrete slabs that dry in two directions, the humidity is highest in the
middle. If a floor coating is applied, the humidity spreads evenly
throughout the slab until it corresponds to readings measured at the depth
of approximately 20% of the slab.
In concrete slabs that dry in one direction only, the humidity is highest at
the bottom. If a floor coating is applied, the humidity spreads evenly
throughout the slab until it corresponds to readings measured at the depth
of approximately 40% of the slab.
16 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
hole for the
plastic tube
hole for the
plastic tube
humidity
profile
coating
0,4 × d
concrete
slab
humidity
profile
0,4 × d
d
concrete
slab
d
BEFORE COATING
AFTER COATING
1111-093
Figure 2
Drying in One Direction
In concrete slabs drying in two directions, the humidity is highest in the
middle of the slab. After coating, the slab is driest on the uncoated side.
hole for the
plastic tube
hole for the
plastic tube
humidity
profile
coating
humidity
profile
0,2 × d
concrete
slab
0,2 × d
d
concrete
slab
BEFORE COATING
d
AFTER COATING
1111-094
Figure 3
Drying in Two Directions
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 17
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Maximum Humidity Levels for Coating
SisäRYL 2000 Code of Building Practice (RT 14-10668, 2000, ISBN
951-682-506-0) recommends the following maximum humidity levels
(at +20 °C) for coating of various materials:
Table 3
Wooden Floor Coverings
Maximum RH (%)
60*
Coating
Wooden parquet boards without moisture barrier (plastic
film) between wood and concrete.
80*
Inlaid wooden floor coverings.
Floating wooden floor coverings with moisture barrier
(plastic film) between wood and concrete.
*SisäRYL 2000 Code of Building practice, RT 14-10668, 2000, ISBN 951-682-506-0,
page 332.
Table 4
Other Materials
Maximum RH (%)
85*
Coating
Plastic floor coverings with fiber felt base or cellular
plastic base
Rubber floor coverings
Cork tiles with moisture barrier (plastic film)
Textile floor coverings with rubber, PVC or latex base
Natural fiber textile floor coverings without base
90*
Plastic tiles
Plastic floor coverings without felt or cellular plastic base
Linoleum (Cork)
Man-made fiber textile floor coverings without base
structure
97
Epoxy mass
Acrylic mass
Polyester plastic mass
*SisäRYL 2000 Code of Building practice, RT 14-10668, 2000, ISBN 951-682-506-0,
page 318.
18 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
Importance of Temperature Differences
CAUTION
Temperature of the probe and the concrete must be equal before starting
the measurement!
In humidity measurement, and especially in calibration, it is essential that
the temperature of the probe and the measured environment is the same.
Even a small difference in temperature between the measured
environment and the probe causes an error. As the curve below shows, if
the temperature is +20 °C and the relative humidity 100 %RH, a
difference of ±1 °C between the measured object and the probe causes an
error of ±6 %RH. When the humidity is 90 %RH, the corresponding
error is ±5.4 %RH.
A temperature difference of a few degrees can also cause water to
condense on the sensor surface. HUMICAP sensor starts to function
normally as soon as the water has evaporated. If the condensed water is
contaminated, the life span of the probe may shorten and the probe may
require adjustment.
10
9
ΔRH (%RH)
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
Temperature (°C)
1111-102
Figure 4
Measurement Error at 1 °C Temperature Difference
Figure 4 above shows the measurement error at 100 %RH at
temperatures ranging from -40 to 100 °C, when the difference between
the ambient and sensor temperature is 1 °C.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 19
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Preparations for Measurement
Before you can measure the humidity of concrete using the borehole
method, you must prepare the borehole and wait for humidity to stabilize.
The preparations can be started on a freshly cast concrete if desired.
CAUTION
Before starting, read section Measurement Depth on page 16.
Appropriate depth of the borehole is critical for accuracy.
NOTE
For best results, insert the probe to the plastic tube immediately after you
are finished preparing the borehole, and leave it to stabilize for three
days.
NOTE
Make sure that the tube and the probe are not colder than the concrete
when inserting them: this might cause condensation on the probe and the
readings can be incorrect.
20 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
Preparations for Solid Concrete
Prepare the boreholes at least three (3) days before the measurements, so
that the humidity inside the plastic tube has time to reach equilibrium
with the humidity in the concrete. Each borehole must be completely
prepared and sealed during stabilization, ideally with the probe remaining
inside the tube. Follow the instructions below.
1.
2.
3.
Three days before the measurements, drill at least two holes with
diameter of ∅ 16 mm and appropriate depth. See section
Measurement Depth on page 16.
Clean the hole thoroughly using a vacuum cleaner.
Press a plastic tube (19266HM) into the hole. If you need
something to press it with, use the lid of the protective cover. See
Figure 5 below.
1111-095
Figure 5
4.
Pressing the Tube into the Hole
Now you have a clean borehole that reaches to the correct depth,
and a plastic tube in it. For best results, you can also seal the crack
around the tube and concrete with a suitable material.
Continue from section Inserting the Probe and Sealing the Hole on
page 24.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 21
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Preparations for Freshly Cast Concrete
Preparing the measurement in freshly cast concrete has the advantage
that no drilling of the concrete is needed, and tubes are easy and fast to
install. You can do the preparations without any danger to floor heating
elements or water tubing that may be embedded in the concrete.
After the concrete is cast and you have decided where to measure,
prepare each measurement point as follows:
1.
2.
Place the flange (26529HM) around the tube and make sure it clips
on to one of the grooves on the surface of the tube. The distance of
the flange from the bottom of the tube determines how deep the
tube will be inserted in the concrete (dimension X in Figure 6
below).
Push the long rubber plug (26530HM) inside the tube to prevent
the fresh concrete from blocking it.
X
1111-090
Figure 6
3.
Preparing the Tube for Fresh Concrete
Push the combined tube, flange, and plug to the fresh concrete so
that the flange is level with the surface of the concrete. Depending
on the concrete type you may need to do some trowelling to ensure
a flat surface around the tube. See Figure 7 on page 23.
22 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
1111-091
Figure 7
4.
5.
Plugged Tube in Fresh Concrete
When the concrete has hardened, remove the plug and the flange
from the tube. Leave the tube in place.
Use a flat-head screwdriver or other suitable tool to crack the
concrete at the bottom of the tube. This is necessary because during
the curing of the concrete a solid surface forms in the bottom of the
tube. Cracking this surface helps the air in the tube to reach
equilibrium with the humidity in the concrete. See Figure 8 below.
1111-092
Figure 8
Cracking the Concrete at the Bottom of the Tube
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 23
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
6.
7.
Clean the concrete dust at the bottom of the tube using a vacuum
cleaner.
Now you have a clean borehole that reaches to the correct depth,
and a plastic tube in it. Continue from section Inserting the Probe
and Sealing the Hole on page 24.
Inserting the Probe and Sealing the Hole
1.
Press a protective cover (19268HM) on the plastic tube and turn it
so that it slides down freely. Press the protective cover against the
concrete surface so that the sealing compresses slightly. Turn the
cover 90° to lock it in place.
1111-131
Figure 9
2.
Locking the Cover in Place
Insert the HMP40S probe into the tube and keep inserting the cable
until the probe touches the bottom. Seal the tube with the rubber
plug on the cable. See Figure 10 on page 25.
24 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
1111-132
Figure 10
3.
Sealing the Tube with a Rubber Plug
Fold the cable inside the protective cover and close the lid. Leave
the probe to stabilize before starting the measurements.
1111-133
Figure 11
Cable Folded in the Protective Cover
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 25
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
If you cannot leave the probe in the tube, plug the tube using a rubber
plug (233976). This means you will have to insert the probe when taking
the measurement, and wait for about 30 minutes for stabilization.
It is recommended that you leave the probe into the tube as this ensures
the best possible reliability of the readings.
1
4
2
3
5
6
1111-134
Figure 12
Recommended Setup During Stabilization
where
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Lid
Protective cover
Probe cable
Rubber plug
Probe
Plastic tube
26 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
Alternate Sealing Materials
Plastic Tubes
Inserting a plastic tube in the hole is always necessary to ensure that you
are measuring the humidity of the concrete at the desired depth. Vaisala
recommends using the tubes in the plastic tube set (19266HM) since they
provide a seal around the bottom part of the tube with the three thin
ridges around the tube. Sealing the crack between the tube and the hole is
important when a drilled hole is used.
If you use a different plastic tube, provide an equivalent seal around tube.
Rubber Plugs
If you need to use a substitute material for the rubber plugs (233976),
you can use putty, tape, or other plugs of appropriate size to plug the
plastic tube. Do not use hygroscopic materials or thin tapes such as
masking tape.
HMP40S probe includes an integrated rubber plug with the cable, so you
always have a rubber plug available when you leave the probe to stabilize
in the plastic tube.
Protective Covers
The protective covers (19268HM) are not required for measurement
accuracy, but they are recommended for the following reasons:
- They keep the probe cable and the quick connector clean during the
long stabilization period.
- They make the prepared borehole easy to find visually, preventing
accidental interference with the measurement and damage to the
probe.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 27
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Performing the Measurement
The humidity of the hole reaches equilibrium with the humidity of the
concrete approximately in three days. Before this, you cannot obtain
reliable measurements.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
If the probe has not been left to stabilize inside the tube:
a.
Remove the rubber plug from the tube.
b.
Insert the HMP40S probe in the tube.
c.
Seal the tube with the rubber plug on the cable.
Connect the probe to the HM40 indicator.
Turn on the HM40 indicator.
Switch to RH quantity.
Switch to graph view and verify that the readings are stable. If you
inserted the probe in step 1, wait for at least 30 minutes before
continuing to the next step.
Write down the measured RH value. You can also press the Hold
button tag the point.
Turn off the HM40 and disconnect the cable.
If you do not wish to leave the probe into the tube, remove the
probe and close the tube with the rubber plug.
1112-005
Figure 13
Performing the Measurement
28 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 3 _____________________________________________ Humidity Measurement in Concrete
Ending the Measurements
When the concrete is dry enough and measurements are no longer
necessary, remove the probe and the protective cover. Pull out the plastic
tube.
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30 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
CHAPTER 4
USING THE HM40 INDICATOR
This chapter introduces the functions of the HM40 indicator and the
HMP40S probe.
HM40 Indicator
1
2
3
4
6
5
7
8
1111-136
Figure 14
HM40 Indicator for Structural Humidity
Measurements
where
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Quick connection adapter for HMP40S probe
Display
Right function button
Up arrow button
Power button
Left function button
Down arrow button
Menu button
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
1
4
2
3
1112-008
Figure 15
HMP40S Probe
where
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
HMP110 probe
30 cm cable
Integrated rubber plug
Cable connector to HM40 indicator with quick connection adapter
Batteries
The HM40 indicator is powered by two AA-size batteries. You can use
the following battery types:
- Alkaline (IEC-LR6)
- Lithium (IEC-FR6)
- NiMH (IEC-HR6)
CAUTION
Do not mix batteries of different types. Both batteries must be of the
same type.
CAUTION
Observe the storage and operation instructions of the battery
manufacturer.
Alkaline batteries are the standard choice in non-rechargeable batteries.
They are a good match for the power requirements of the HM40
indicator.
32 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
Lithium batteries are a good choice if you need the longest battery life or
best capacity in low temperatures. Lithium batteries are not rechargeable.
Do not confuse them with rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, which
cannot be used in HM40.
NiMH batteries are rechargeable. Two NiMH batteries are included with
the USB recharger that is available from Vaisala as an option. For order
codes, see section Spare Parts and Accessories on page 63.
Battery Life
Typical operation time that is achieved with alkaline batteries is
100 hours. The operation time will be shorter if the display backlight is
used, and if the operation environment is cold.
NOTE
HM40 does not automatically power off when it is not used. To conserve
batteries, turn the meter off when you are not using it or configure a
suitable automatic power off delay (see Power off on page 48).
Charging
The optional USB charger (Vaisala order code 229249SP) provides a
convenient way to charge two NiMH batteries from any powered USB
port (for example, from a laptop computer).
1.
2.
Place the rechargeable batteries in the charger and plug it into a
USB port. The blue LED on top of the charger starts to blink.
When the LED stops blinking and stays on, the batteries are
charged. The charging time is several hours for two fully
discharged NiMH batteries.
If you are not using a Vaisala-supplied charger and rechargeable
batteries, read and follow the manufacturer’s own charging instructions.
WARNING
Do not attempt to charge non-rechargeable (alkaline or lithium)
batteries! Doing so leads to a risk of battery leakage, equipment damage,
and risk of explosion and/or fire.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Connecting the Probe
NOTE
It is recommended that you turn off the HM40 indicator before
connecting or disconnecting the probe.
The HM40 indicator that is delivered with the SHM40 kit (or when
ordering the HM40S) has an adapter with a 3.5 mm TRRS connector
socket on top. The cable of the HMP40S probe has the equivalent plug.
To connect the probe, simply plug in the probe cable to the connector.
1111-135
Figure 16
Connecting the Probe
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Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
First Startup
1.
2.
3.
Remove the yellow transport protection cap from the HMP40S
probe, and connect the probe to the HM40 indicator.
Open the battery cover and insert two AA-size batteries.
Close the battery cover and turn on the HM40 by pressing the
Power button. If the HM40 does not turn on, check the battery
orientation. Replace the batteries with fresh/recharged ones if
needed.
Initial Settings
When you power on the HM40 indicator for the first time (or after a
factory reset of the settings), you must first select the operation language.
You will then be asked if you want to change the following settings:
- Units
- Date
- Time
If you answer Yes to the question (recommended), the HM40 will show
the settings screens before showing the measurement view. Use the arrow
and function buttons to select. For more information, see section Settings
Submenu on page 45.
NOTE
HM40 indicator will retain the date and time even during battery
changes. The clock will have to be set again only if the indicator is
without battery power for several hours.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Quantities Explained
The table below describes the quantities measured by the HM40 indicator
with the HMP40S probe. All of the quantities are measured or calculated
when the HM40 is on, independent of what is currently displayed.
NOTE
Relative humidity (RH) and temperature (T) are the most important
quantities for structural humidity measurement.
Table 5
Quantities Output by HM40S
Quantity
Relative
humidity
Symbol
RH
Unit(s)
%
Dewpoint
Td
°C
°F
Wet bulb
temperature
Tw
°C
°F
Absolute
humidity
Mixing ratio
a
Enthalpy
h
g/m3
gr/ft3
g/kg
gr/lb
kJ/kg
btu/lb
°C
°F
x
Temperature T
Description
Ratio of the partial pressure of
water vapor in the air to the
saturation vapor pressure of air
at the current temperature.
Temperature at which the water
vapor in the air will condense into
water at the current pressure.
When the dewpoint is below 0 °C,
the HM40 outputs frostpoint (Tf)
instead of dewpoint.
The minimum temperature that
can be reached by evaporative
cooling in the current conditions.
Quantity of water in a cubic meter
(or cubic foot) of air.
Ratio of water vapor mass per
kilogram (or pound) of dry air.
Sum of the internal energy of a
thermodynamic system.
Temperature in Celsius or
Fahrenheit scale.
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Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
Screen Layout and Controls
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
7
9
10
1112-004
Figure 17
Screen Layout
where
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Alert indicator
Currently selected quantity
Battery indicator
Measurement display area
Currently selected view
Left function button: change view
Menu button: enter menu
Right function button
Long press: tag point, short press: tag point and hold screen
9 = Power button
Long press: power on/off, short press: activate backlight
10 = Arrow buttons: change quantity
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
NOTE
Pressing the right function button holds the screen and tags the current
measurement point. See section Hold and Tag on page 40.
Indicators
Table 6
Symbol (s)
Indicators on the HM40 Display
Name
Battery
charge
Alert
Quantity
Calibration
reminder
Description
Fresh batteries will always show three
bars. When the indicator shows two
bars, the voltage of the batteries has
started to drop. When there is a single
(blinking) bar left, you should replace the
batteries. HM40 will turn off
automatically when the battery voltage
drops too low.
This indicator is shown next to the
battery charge indicator if there is a
measurement problem. The most likely
cause is that the probe is currently
disconnected, or the battery is low.
The selected quantity is highlighted by a
light frame. The symbol on far right
stands for all quantities.
This indicator appears when you have
set up a calibration reminder and the
calibration is due. The indicator is shown
until you calibrate the probe.
Numeric View
The Numeric view shows the currently values of
the selected humidity quantity and temperature.
In the all quantities view the font is smaller to fit
all values on screen.
38 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
Statistics View
The Statistics view shows the current value of the
selected quantity, as well as the maximum,
average, and minimum value since the
measurement was started. There is also a counter
that shows how long the measurement has been
running.
The counter for measurement time is not shown
in the all quantities view.
The icons are:
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Measurement time
Graph View
The Graph view shows a continuously updating graph of the selected
quantity and temperature. The graph limits and spacing adjust
dynamically to show the full range of measurements.
1111-096
Figure 18
Elements of the Graph View
where
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Current values
Vertical spacing of the grid
Graph maximum
Graph minimum
Time
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 39
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
The timescale of the graph can be changed in the
Main menu. By default, the graph will
automatically change the timescale to fit the
measured data. If you select a short timescale,
only the most recent data will be visible.
The graph view is not available in the all
quantities view. Select a single quantity to show
the graph.
NOTE
HM40 indicator has no permanent memory for graph data. When the
HM40 is turned off, the graphs are cleared. Only tagged points are stored
in permanent memory. To avoid losing graph data while working, set a
suitable delay for the automatic power off (see Power off on page 48) or
disable it.
Hold and Tag
If you press the right function button (Hold button) in a measurement
view, two things happen:
- The measurement view freezes until you press the Release button.
- The latest measurement point is tagged (marked and stored in
temporary memory). See section Tagged Points on page 42.
Tagged points are shown in the graph view as small dots below the
graphs.
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Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
1111-099
Figure 19
Tagged Points in the Graph View
where
1 = Previously tagged point
2 = New tagged point
When the screen is held, the top of the display
displays the current date and time. This is useful
when you want to record the current data (take a
photograph or write it down).
If date and time have not been set, the top of the
screen will simply read “HOLD”.
CAUTION
When the view is held, you can reset all measurement data by pressing
the Reset button. This will clear all graphs and tagged points.
NOTE
If you keep pressing the right function button (long press), the HM40 will
tag the point without freezing the screen.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Main Menu
You can open the menu from the measurement view at any time by
pressing the menu button.
If you are already in the menu, pressing the menu button returns you to
the measurement view. If you are in a submenu, the menu button returns
you to the previous menu level.
Use the arrow buttons to move up and down in
the menu, and function buttons to operate the
menu options. Typical functions in the menus
are:
- View and Enter open the selected menu
option or submenu.
- Change and Set change the value of the
selected option.
- Back returns to the previous menu view.
- Exit closes the menu and returns to the
measurement view.
NOTE
Some menu screens have more content than can be visible at one time.
This is indicated by a scroll bar that appears on the right side of the
screen. Use the arrow buttons to scroll up and down.
Tagged Points
Select Tagged points in the main menu to see
the list of stored points and values.
Time and temperature value are always shown
for each tagged point. The shown humidity
quantity is the same as has been selected in the
measurement view. If the all parameters view has
been selected, RH is shown instead.
42 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
The data stored for each tagged point includes:
- Time when the point was tagged.
- Serial number of the probe that was used
(useful for identifying the point).
- Measured value of each quantity.
Press the Delete button to delete the point that is
currently shown. To delete all points in memory,
hold down the Delete button.
NOTE
HM40 can store up to 40 tagged points. If a new tagged point is stored
when the memory is full, the oldest tagged point is silently deleted to
make room for the new point.
Graph Duration
In the Graph duration screen, you can select the
timescale of the Graph view. The shortest
selectable timescale is 1.5 minutes, the longest
32 hours.
You can also select Autoscale, which means that
the timescale will automatically adjust to show
all of the measurement data in memory, up to the
maximum of 32 h.
Settings
Opens the Settings menu. The menu options are
described in section Settings Submenu on page
45.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Calibration
In the Calibration submenu, you can perform an
adjustment procedure that corrects the humidity
and temperature measurement of the meter.
For more information and the adjustment
procedure, see section Calibration on page 52.
Help
Opens a menu with help topics on measurement,
calibration, and the measured quantities.
The help menu also includes a device
information screen where you can view technical
information about your HM40 indicator and
connected probe.
44 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
Settings Submenu
Language
In the Language screen, you can change the
display language of the meter. The choices are:
-
English (en)
German (de)
French (fr)
Finnish (fi)
Spanish (es)
Swedish (sv)
Chinese (zh)
Russian (ru)
Japanese (jp)
Portuguese (pt)
Units
The Units setting determines the measurement
system that is used for the quantities:
- Metric
- Non-metric
The Pressure unit is set separately:
-
hPa
bar
atm
PSI
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Time & Date
In the Date setup screen, you can set the current
date:
- Arrow buttons change the selected value
- Left function button selects the next value
(year, month, or day).
- OK button stores the date and returns to the
Settings menu.
After setting the date, set the desired date format
using the Formatting option in the Time & Date
menu.
In the Time setup screen, you can set the current
time:
- Arrow buttons change the selected value.
- Left function button selects the next value
(hours, minutes, or seconds).
- OK button stores the time and returns to the
Settings menu.
After setting the time, select 24h or 12h clock
using the Formatting option in the Time & Date
menu.
46 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
Pressure
In the Pressure setup screen, you can set the
current ambient pressure. The pressure
information is used when calculating certain
humidity quantities, such as mixing ratio
(symbol x).
If the ambient pressure differs significantly from
the default setting of 1.0132 bar (due to high
altitude, for example), set the correct pressure
value so that the HM40 indicator can calculate
the measurement correctly.
Reminder
You can set a reminder for calibrating the probe
with the Reminder selection. You can choose a
preferred calibration interval of 3, 6, 12, or 24
months. Calibrating the probe resets the
calibration interval. To remove the reminder
from use, select Disabled.
Note that you must set the correct date in the
indicator for the calibration reminder to appear as
intended.
The calibration reminder appears one month
before the preferred calibration date is due.
To continue displaying the reminder for this
interval, select Snooze. The reminder will appear
again at each power-on.
To hide the reminder, select Close. If you do not
calibrate within a month, the reminder will
appear again.
NOTE
Calibrating any parameter in the probe resets the calibration interval.
This means that if you leave one parameter uncalibrated in a calibration
session, the reminder will not appear separately for that parameter.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 47
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Backlight
Always on: Screen is always lit. This option will
shorten the battery life significantly.
Always off: Screen is always unlit. This option
provides the best battery life.
Delay (30s): Backlight will automatically turn on
when the user presses any button. The backlight
will turn off after 30 seconds of inactivity.
Dimmed: Screen is always lit with a dim
backlight.
Battery
Use the Battery setting to tell the HM40 what kind of batteries are
installed. This will help to scale the battery indicator correctly. The
options are:
- Alkaline
- Rechargeable
Power off
The Power off setting defines how long the device can remain inactive
before powering off automatically. The time limit options are 10, 30, and
60 minutes. Select Never to disable automatic power off.
NOTE
HM40 has no permanent memory for graph data: when the meter is
turned off, the graphs are cleared. Only tagged points are stored in
permanent memory. To avoid losing graph data while working, set a
suitable delay for the automatic power off or disable it.
48 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 4 _____________________________________________________ Using the HM40 Indicator
Navigation
The Navigation setting affects the behavior of arrow buttons in the
measurement view:
- Normal: Up arrow moves quantity selector left, down arrow moves it
right
- Inverted: Reverses the direction
Rounding
The Rounding setting affects the number of decimal places that are used
to show the measurements:
- On: Measured values are rounded to one decimal place.
- Off: Measured values are shown with two decimal places.
Factory Settings
The Factory settings option restores all settings
to their default values. Probe calibration is not
affected.
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50 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 5 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE
This chapter provides information that is needed in basic maintenance of
the SHM40 kit.
Periodic Maintenance
Cleaning
HM40 indicator can be cleaned by wiping it with a moist cloth.
If the filter on the HMP40S probe becomes contaminated, it is very likely
to affect the humidity measurement since residue on the filter will retain
some moisture. Dirty filters must be replaced.
Do not use solvents to clean the HM40 indicator or the HMP40S probe.
Do not spray anything directly on the HMP40S, since that may deposit
impurities on the sensor.
CAUTION
Do not immerse the HM40 indicator or the HMP40S probe in liquid.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to clean the sensor element that is located inside the filter.
Any touching (or blowing with pressurized air) may damage it. If the
measurement accuracy cannot be restored by calibration and adjustment,
it is time to replace the HMP40S probe.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Changing the Filter
1.
2.
3.
Twist the filter counter-clockwise to open it.
Turn the filter until it can be removed. Do not touch the sensors
when pulling it away.
Install the new filter and tighten it.
1112-006
Figure 20
Changing the Filter
Calibration
The humidity measurement accuracy of the HMP40S probe should be
checked once a year. You can do this yourself using a humidity reference
(for example, the Vaisala Humidity Calibrator HMK15), or send the
probe to a Vaisala Service Center for calibration. See the back cover of
this manual for contact information.
You can set a reminder for calibration at preferred calibration intervals
(3, 6, 12 or 24 months). See section Reminder on page 47.
If the calibration shows that the measurement accuracy is no longer
within specification, the probe must be adjusted. If accuracy cannot be
restored with adjustment, the probe must be replaced. All probes that are
ordered from Vaisala are delivered calibrated. See section Spare Parts
and Accessories on page 63.
52 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 5 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CAUTION
If you think the HM40 is not measuring humidity or temperature
correctly, calibration and adjustment is not the first thing to do. Try the
following first:
- Make sure nothing is interfering with the measurement: heat sources,
temperature differences, or condensation.
- Check that there is no moisture on the probe. If the sensor has become
wet, you must allow it to dry before you can measure.
- Always wait for the measurement to stabilize.
NOTE
For an introduction to calibration, order or download the free calibration
book from Vaisala at the following address:
www.vaisala.com/calibrationbook
Calibrating the HMP40S Probe Using
HMK15 Humidity Calibrator
The HMK15 Humidity calibrator allows you to produce known humidity
environments using saturated salt solutions.
NOTE
Performing a good calibration takes some time and preparation. Read the
HMK15 User’s Guide before performing your first calibration with the
HMK15.
NOTE
In 2-point calibration, the first point requires a < 50 %RH humidity
reference, and the second point must be > 50 %RH. There must also be at
least a 30 percentage point difference between the references.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
1.
Press the Menu button and select the
Calibration submenu.
2.
Select the quantity to be calibrated at menu
item [1] Quantity. You can calibrate
Temperature (T) or Relative Humidity (RH)
measurement. All other humidity quantities
are calculated from RH and T, so they will
also be adjusted.
3.
Select the number of calibration points at
menu item [2] Points. You can perform a
1-point or 2-point calibration.
For 2-point calibration, you need two
reference environments. For example, LiCl
and NaCl salt chambers provide 11 %RH and
75 %RH references.
NOTE: In 2-point calibration, the first point
requires a < 50 %RH humidity reference, and
the second point must be > 50 %RH.
There must also be at least a 30 percentage
point difference between the references.
4.
Place the probe in the first reference
environment (first calibration point). Wait
20 – 40 minutes for the reading to stabilize.
5.
Select menu item [3] Point 1 and press the
Set button. The HM40 now shows the
currently measured value of the selected
quantity. Set the reference value using the
arrow buttons and press the OK button.
54 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 5 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
The correction to the measurement at point 1
is now shown in the text for menu item [3]. If
you are only doing a 1-point calibration, skip
to step 8.
6.
Place the probe in the second reference
environment (second calibration point). Wait
20 – 40 minutes for the reading to stabilize.
7.
Select menu item [4] Point 2 and press the
Set button. The HM40 now shows the
currently measured value of the selected
quantity. Set the reference value using the
arrow buttons and press the OK button.
The correction to the measurement at point 2
is now shown in the text for the menu item
[4].
8.
Select menu item [5] Note to edit the
calibration info text that is stored in the probe.
Edit the text using the select button and arrow
keys. When done, select the OK character in
the bottom right corner to save the changed
text.
To exit without saving, press the Cancel
button.
9.
Select menu item [6] Apply to save the
calibration in the probe. Check the applied
corrections in the confirmation screen and
press the Apply button.
To exit without applying the correction, press
the Cancel button.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 55
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Repair Maintenance
There are no user serviceable parts inside the housing of the HM40
indicator or the HMP40S probe. Depending on the malfunction, repair by
a Vaisala Service Center may be possible.
Replacement HM40 indicators, HMP40S probes, and measurement
accessories are available from Vaisala. See section Spare Parts and
Accessories on page 63.
56 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
CHAPTER 6
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter describes common problems, their probable causes and
remedies, and provides contact information for technical support.
Avoid Condensation and Rain
If the humidity sensor element on the probe becomes wet, the probe
cannot measure until the sensor is dry again. Avoid rain and conditions
where condensation can form on the sensor.
Do not use the transport protection cap if the probe is wet, since it will
prevent the probe from drying.
CAUTION
Do not touch the sensor or blow on it to dry it out.
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USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Problem Situations
Table 7
Some Problem Situations and Their Remedies
Problem
Readings on the HM40
screen are replaced by
asterisks ‘*****’.
Possible Cause
Probe disconnected.
Remedy
Connect a HMP40S
probe to the HM40
indicator.
Probe connection loose Disconnect the probe,
or dirty.
check and clean the
connector. Check that
the quick connector on
the HM40 sits tightly.
Reconnect the probe.
Very low battery voltage. Check the battery
indicator. Replace
batteries with fresh ones.
The screen is blinking on Very low battery voltage. Replace batteries with
and off.
fresh ones.
When performing the
The measurement hole
The borehole may not
humidity measurement in has not been adequately have been cleaned or
a borehole, the
prepared.
sealed during
measurement is not
stabilization. Check and
prepare the hole again.
stable even after waiting.
The humidity in the
The borehole needs a
concrete has not
longer stabilization time.
reached equilibrium with Re-plug the hole and
the air in the borehole.
measure again later.
Measured humidity
HMP40S probe in need Adjust and calibrate the
reading is much higher
of calibration and
probe. See section
adjustment.
Calibration on page 52.
than expected.
HMP40S probe has
Allow the probe and
been stored in wet
SHM40 case to dry out
conditions.
before resuming
measurement.
Measured humidity
HMP40S probe in need Adjust and calibrate the
reading is much lower
of calibration and
probe. See section
adjustment.
Calibration on page 52.
than expected.
Borehole is not deep
Check the borehole
enough.
depth; see section
Measurement Depth on
page 16.
58 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Technical Support
For technical questions, contact the Vaisala technical support by e-mail at
[email protected] Provide at least the following supporting
information:
-
Name and model of the product in question
Serial number of the product
Name and location of the installation site
Name and contact information of a technically competent person who
can provide further information on the problem.
For contact information of Vaisala Service Centers, see
www.vaisala.com/servicecenters.
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Chapter 7 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
CHAPTER 7
TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides the technical data of the SHM40 kit.
Specifications
Table 8
HMP40S Probe
Property
Relative humidity
Measurement range
Accuracy (incl. non-linearity, hysteresis
and repeatability)
Temperature range 0 ... +40 °C
0 ... 90 %RH
90 ... 100 %RH
Temperature range
-40…0 °C, +40…+80 °C
0 ... 90 %RH
90 ... 100 %RH
Factory calibration uncertainty at +20 °C
Humidity sensor
Stability
Typical stabilization time in a borehole
when the concrete and the probe are in the
same temperature
Temperature
Measurement range
Accuracy over temperature range
0…+40 °C
-40…0 °C, +40…+80 °C
Temperature sensor
General
Operating temperature range for probe
Probe diameter
Probe length
Cable length (standard cable)
Cable length (long cable)
Probe weight with standard cable
Probe housing material
Probe filter and sensor protection
Description / Value
0 ... 100 %RH
±1.5 %RH
±2.5 %RH
±3.0 %RH
±4.0 %RH
±1.5 %RH
Vaisala HUMICAP® 180R
±2%RH over 2 years
30 min
-40…+80 °C (-40 … +176 °F)
±0.2 °C (0.36 °F)
±0.4 °C (0.72 °F)
Pt1000 RTD 1/3, Class B IEC 751
-40 °C...+80 °C (-40 … +176 °F)
12 mm
71 mm
0.3 m
2.7 m
31 g
Stainless steel
Membrane filter with
chrome coated ABS plastic
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 61
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Property
Cable material
Cable connector
Probe housing classification
Description / Value
Wire: PVC
Jacket: PU
TRRS male 3.5 mm
IP65
Application-Specific Dimensions
Borehole diameter needed
Measurement depth with standard
accessories
16 mm
Min. 30 mm
Max. 90 mm
Table 9
HM40 Indicator
Property
Operation temperature range for indicator
with LCD display
Storage temperature range
Dimensions (H×W×D)
Indicator with adapter
Weight
Indicator with adapter and batteries
SHM40 case with standard content
Indicator materials
Indicator adapter materials
Housing classification
Mechanical drop endurance
Power-up time
Batteries
Calculated parameters
Menu languages
Display
Operation time (Alkaline batteries)
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Description / Value
-10...+60 °C (+14 ... +140 °F)
-30...+70 °C (-22 ... +158 °F)
184 x 72 x 44 mm
240 g
3.7 kg
PC/ABS blend
Acrylic display lens
Nickel plated brass and
plastic overmolding
IP54
1.0 m without the probe
<3s
2 x AA sized, 1.5V (LR6)
Td, Tw, a, x, h
English, German, French,
Finnish, Spanish, Swedish,
Chinese (simplified), Russian,
Japanese, Portuguese
LCD (140 x 160 pixels)
Typical 100 hours
(without backlight)
European Union directive
EN61326-1 for portable
equipment
62 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Chapter 7 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Spare Parts and Accessories
Table 10
Spare Parts and Accessories
Description
HM40 indicator with adapter and cable probe for
concrete moisture measurements
HM40 indicator with adapter
RH & T probe with cable for concrete moisture
measurements
HM42 probe for tight spaces
HM46 stainless steel robust probe
Membrane filter for HMP40S probe
Adapter for indicator and cable quick connector
Cable for HMP40S probe
Long cable (2.7 m) for HMP40S probe
Plastic tubes (12 pcs)
Rubber plugs (12 pcs)
Weather-proof carrying case with SHM40 filling
Light carrying case for HM40S
Protective covers with lid (3 pcs)
Plastic flanges (12 pcs) for wet concrete
Long rubber plugs (12 pcs) for wet concrete
USB recharger for HM40 indicator batteries
Special cover set for HMK15
Order Code
HM40S
HM40SINDI
HMP40S
HM42PROBE
HM46PROBE
DRW010525
HM40SADAPTER
HMP40SCABLE
HMP40SCABLE2
19266HM
233976
CASEFORSHM40SP
230245SP
19268HM
26529HM
26530HM
229249SP
230914
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 63
USER'S GUIDE ____________________________________________________________________
Dimensions in mm
12
12
4.5
300 ±10
184
71
72
44
1111-097
Figure 21
HM40S Dimensions
64 ___________________________________________________________________ M211423EN-C
Appendix A ______________________________________________________ Humidity Report Form
APPENDIX A
HUMIDITY REPORT FORM
This appendix contains an example report form that can be used to record
humidity measurement results in concrete.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 65
HUMIDITY REPORT
Name and Location of Measured Structure
Floor or Section
Notes (for example: slab thickness, drying direction, casting date)
Location
(building grid code
or number)
Depth of
borehole
(cm)
Relative
Humidity
(%RH)
Temperature
(°C/°F)
Air
Temperature
(°C/°F)
Measurement Instruments Used
Instrument or Probe, Serial Number
Last Calibration Date
Measurements Performed By
Name
Company Name and Address
Date
Air Relative
Humidity
(%RH)
Date and time
www.vaisala.com
*M211423EN*
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