Warnings - Agilent Technologies

Warnings - Agilent Technologies
Agilent Enrichment and
Desorption Unit EDU
Coupling to a Micro GC
User Manual
Agilent Technologies
Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2015
Warranty
No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form or by any means (including
electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior
agreement and written consent from
Agilent Technologies, Inc. as governed by
United States and international copyright
laws.
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is subject to being changed, without notice,
in future editions. Further, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, Agilent disclaims all warranties,
either express or implied, with regard
to this manual and any information
contained herein, including but not
limited to the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not be
liable for errors or for incidental or
consequential damages in connection
with the furnishing, use, or performance of this document or of any
information contained herein. Should
Agilent and the user have a separate
written agreement with warranty
terms covering the material in this
document that conflict with these
terms, the warranty terms in the separate agreement shall control.
Manual Part Number
G3581-90013
Edition
First edition, February 2015
Printed in USA
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
5301 Stevens Creek Boulevard
Santa Clara, CA 95051 USA
Technology Licenses
The hardware and/or software described in
this document are furnished under a
license and may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of such license.
Restricted Rights Legend
If software is for use in the performance of
a U.S. Government prime contract or subcontract, Software is delivered and
licensed as “Commercial computer software” as defined in DFAR 252.227-7014
(June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as
defined in FAR 2.101(a) or as “Restricted
computer software” as defined in FAR
52.227-19 (June 1987) or any equivalent
agency regulation or contract clause. Use,
duplication or disclosure of Software is
subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard
commercial license terms, and non-DOD
Departments and Agencies of the U.S.
Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR
52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users will receive no greater than
Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14
(June 1987) or DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2)
(November 1995), as applicable in any
technical data.
Safety Notices
CAUTION
A CAUTION notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an operating procedure, practice, or the
like that, if not correctly performed
or adhered to, could result in
damage to the product or loss of
important data. Do not proceed
beyond a CAUTION notice until the
indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
WA R N I N G
A WARNING notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or
the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in personal injury or death. Do not
proceed beyond a WARNING
notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Contents
1
Introduction
Safety Information 6
Important safety warnings 6
Hydrogen safety 6
Safety symbols 7
Safety and regulatory information
General safety precautions 8
Shipping Instructions
Cleaning
11
11
Instrument Disposal
2
11
Trap and Thermal Desorption
Introduction
14
Operation Principle
15
Sample Treatment Methods
Direct sampling 17
Manual sampling 17
Warnings
3
7
17
18
Hardware Installation and Use
Hardware Description
Operating Requirements
20
21
Cabling, Electrical Connections
Gas Connections 23
Zero Gas 23
Transfer Gas 24
General waste port
22
24
Connecting the Sample In Line
Replacing the Sample In Line
25
27
Replacing Sample In Line Sealing
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
28
3
Replacing Tube Holder Seals
Spare parts 32
30
Adjust the Pressure Controller
33
Coupling Transfer Line to Micro GC Injector
34
Adsorbent Tubes 35
Inserting the tube 35
Flow Configuration with Agilent Micro GC
Display
37
40
Operational Guidelines for the Agilent Micro GC
Installing USB Drivers Under Windows XP
4
41
44
Software Installation and Use
Software Installation
50
Starting the Program
52
TTD Terminal - User Interface
Windows 53
Toolbar 54
53
Trapping with EDU 55
Start of instrument, Self check, Equilibration
55
Adjusting Parameters of EDU 56
Cycle including the Sampling Step 57
Cycle without the Sampling Step 57
Cycles of operation 59
Starting a Measurement 60
Example of a method 61
5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Hints and Troubleshooting
Maintenance 66
Tightness of lines 66
Broken sampling tubes
Cleaning 66
Technical Data
64
66
67
Remote Control/ Digital Interface
Troubleshooting Common Problems
Self check failures 71
Additional failures 74
4
68
70
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Agilent Enrichment and Desorption Unit EDU Coupling to a Micro GC
User Manual
1
Introduction
Safety Information 6
Shipping Instructions 11
Cleaning 11
Instrument Disposal 11
To prevent any injury to the user or any damage to the
instrument, it is essential that you read the information in this
chapter and the user manual(s).
If this manual is not in your native language or if you have
problems understanding the text, contact your Agilent office for
assistance. Agilent cannot accept responsibility for any damage
or injury caused by misunderstanding of the information in this
manual.
Agilent Technologies
5
1
Introduction
Safety Information
Important safety warnings
There are several important safety notices that you should always
keep in mind when using the Micro GC.
WA R N I N G
When
When handling or using chemicals for preparation or use within the
Micro GC, all applicable local and national laboratory safety practices
must be followed. This includes, but is not limited to, correct use of
Personal Protective Equipment, correct use of storage vials, and correct
handling of chemicals, as defined in the laboratory’s internal safety
analysis and standard operating procedures. Failure to adhere to
laboratory safety practices could lead to injury or death.
Hydrogen safety
Hydrogen is a commonly used GC carrier gas. When mixed with air,
hydrogen can form explosive mixtures and has other dangerous
characteristics.
WA R N I N G
When using hydrogen (H2) as the carrier gas, be aware that hydrogen
gas can create a fire or explosion hazard. Ensure that the supply is
turned off until all connections are made.
Hydrogen is flammable. Leaks, when confined in an enclosed space,
may create a fire or explosion hazard. In any application using hydrogen,
leak test all connections, lines, and valves before operating the
instrument. Always turn off the hydrogen supply at its source before
working on the instrument.
• Hydrogen is combustible over a wide range of concentrations. At
atmospheric pressure, hydrogen is combustible at concentrations
from 4 % to 74.2 % by volume.
• Hydrogen has the highest burning velocity of any gas.
• Hydrogen has a very low ignition energy.
• Hydrogen that is allowed to expand rapidly from high pressure into
the atmosphere can self-ignite.
• Hydrogen burns with a nonluminous flame which can be invisible
under bright light.
6
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Introduction
1
Safety symbols
Warnings in the manual or on the instrument must be observed during
all phases of operation, service, and repair of this instrument. Failure
to comply with these precautions violates safety standards of design
and the intended use of the instrument. Agilent Technologies assumes
no liability for the customer’s failure to comply with these
requirements.
WARNING:
Shock hazard
Indicates dangerous voltage. (Terminals fed
from the interior by voltage exceeding
1000 V must be so marked.)
WARNING:
Burn hazard
Indicates parts that may cause burns when
touched.
Instruction
Manual
Indicates that the user should refer to the
manual before operating the equipment.
For protection against electrical shock in
case of a fault. Used with field wiring
terminals to indicate the terminal, which
must be connected to the ground before
Protective
Conductor terminal operating equipment.
Indicates sharp or suddenly moving parts
such as injection needles that may cause
injury.
Skin puncture
Indicates instrument contains parts that can
Static discharge
be damaged by electrostatic discharge. Take
care for proper grounding before handling.
Warning
Do not touch
Touching this item may result in damage to
the instrument or personal injury.
Safety and regulatory information
This instrument and its accompanying documentation comply
with the CE specifications and the safety requirements for
electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory
use (CEI/IEC 1010-1)CCSAUS and FCC-b.
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if
not installed and used in accordance with the instruction
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1
Introduction
manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
NOTE
This instrument has been tested per applicable requirements of EMC
Directive as required to carry the European Union CE Mark. As such, this
equipment may be susceptible to radiation/interference levels or
frequencies, which are not within the tested limits.
General safety precautions
Follow the following safety practices to ensure safe equipment
operation:
• Perform periodic leak checks on all supply lines and
pneumatic plumbing.
• Do not allow gas lines to become kinked or punctured. Place
lines away from foot traffic and extreme heat or cold.
• Store organic solvents in fireproof, vented and clearly
labeled cabinets so they are easily identified as either toxic,
flammable, or both toxic and flammable.
• Do not accumulate waste solvents. Dispose of such materials
through a regulated disposal program, and not through
municipal sewage lines.
8
WA R N I N G
This instrument is designed for chromatographic analysis of
appropriately prepared samples. It must be operated using appropriate
gases or solvents, within specified maximum ranges for pressure, flows,
and temperatures as described in this manual. If the equipment is used
in a manner not specified by the manufacturer, the protection provided
by the equipment may be impaired.
WA R N I N G
It is the responsibility of the customer to inform Agilent customer
support representatives if the instrument has been used for the analysis
of hazardous samples, prior to any instrument service being performed,
or when an instrument is being returned for repair.
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Introduction
1
• Avoid exposure to potentially dangerous voltages.
Disconnect the instrument from all power sources before
removing protective panels.
• When it is necessary to use a non-original power cord and
plug, ensure the replacement cord adheres to the color
coding and polarity described in the manual and all local
building safety codes.
• Replace faulty or frayed power cords immediately with the
same type and rating.
• Place this instrument in a location with sufficient ventilation
to remove gases and vapors. Ensure there is enough space
around the instrument for it to cool off sufficiently.
• Before plugging the instrument in or turning the power on,
always ensure that the voltage and fuses are set
appropriately for your local power source.
• Do not turn on the instrument if there is a possibility of any
type of electrical damage. Instead, disconnect the power
cord, and contact your local Agilent sales office.
• The supplied power cord must be inserted into a power
outlet with a protective ground wire connection. When using
an extension cord, ensure that the cord is properly grounded.
• Do not change any external or internal grounding
connections, as this could endanger you or damage the
instrument.
• The instrument is properly grounded when shipped. You do
not need to make any changes to the electrical connections or
to the instrument chassis to ensure safe operation.
• When working with this instrument, follow the regulations
for Good Laboratory Practices (GLP). Take care to wear
safety glasses and appropriate clothing.
• Do not place containers with flammable liquids on this
instrument. Spilling liquid over hot parts may cause fire.
• This instrument may use flammable or explosive gases, such
as hydrogen gas under pressure. Before operating the
instrument be familiar with, and follow accurately, the
operation procedures prescribed for those gases.
• Never try to repair or replace any component that is not
described in this manual without the assistance of an Agilent
service engineer. Unauthorized repairs or modifications will
result in rejection of warranty claims.
• Always disconnect the AC power cord before attempting any
type of maintenance.
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1
Introduction
• Use proper tools when working on the instrument to prevent
danger to you or damage to the instrument.
• Do not attempt to replace any battery or fuse in this
instrument other than as specified in the manual.
• Damage can result if the instrument is stored under
unfavorable conditions for prolonged periods. (For example,
damage will occur if stored while subject to heat, water, or
other conditions exceeding the allowable operating
conditions.)
• Do not shut off column flow when the oven temperature is
high, this may damage the column.
• This unit has been designed and tested in accordance with
recognized safety standards and designed for use indoors.
• If the instrument is used in a manner not specified by the
manufacturer, the protection provided by the instrument
may be impaired.
• Substituting parts or performing any unauthorized
modification to the instrument may result in a safety hazard.
• Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
responsible party for compliance could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
10
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
1
Introduction
Shipping Instructions
If your Micro GC must be shipped for any reason, it is very
important to follow these additional shipping preparation
instructions:
• Place all the vent caps on the back of the Micro GC.
• Always include the power supply.
• Include, if used, the inlet filter(s).
Cleaning
To clean the surface of the Micro GC:
1
Switch the Micro GC off.
2
Remove the power cable.
3
Put protection plugs on the sample and carrier gas inlets.
4
Put protection plugs on the column vents.
5
Use a soft brush (not hard or abrasive) to carefully brush
away all dust and dirt.
6
Use a soft, clean cloth dampened with mild detergent to
clean the outside of the instrument.
• Never clean the inside of the instrument.
• Never use alcohol or thinners to clean the instrument;
they can damage the case.
• Do not get water on the electronic components.
• Do not use compressed air to clean the instrument.
Instrument Disposal
When the Micro GC or its parts have reached the end of their
useful life, dispose of them in accordance with the
environmental regulations that are applicable in your country.
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1
12
Introduction
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Agilent Enrichment and Desorption Unit EDU Coupling to a Micro GC
User Manual
2
Trap and Thermal Desorption
Introduction
14
Operation Principle
15
Sample Treatment Methods
Warnings
17
18
Agilent Technologies
13
2
Trap and Thermal Desorption
Introduction
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds in concentrations
of less than the detection limit of an analytical instrument need
to be enriched before analysis. Gaseous substances are trapped
at sampling temperature (ambient) on adsorption tubes and
forwarded to an analyzer after thermal desorption. The
enrichment factor is related to many different physical and
sampling parameters. It can be calculated on the basis of
breakthrough volumes known from common tables. Typically,
the detection limit can be reduced by a factor of 10 with volatile
compounds, and up to 1,000 with low volatiles. The most
important operating parameters are the temperature settings of
the adsorbent material during sampling and desorption phases.
They can be adjusted through settings within the instruments
software.
Selective trapping is possible by choosing suitable adsorbent
materials. For example, when analyzing air, highly volatile or
polar compounds, such as CH4 or CO2, are infrequently trapped
on the adsorbent Tenax, while medium- or low-volatile
substances, most hydrocarbon and aromatic compounds, are
trapped. Thus, the analysis can be limited to the actual
substances of interest, and the selectivity of the sampling device
can be increased.
When used in very damp environments, Tenax TA, a
hydrophobic polymer, has a benefit that deters the influences of
humidity on the analysis.
The selection of the optimal adsorbent material is essential for
the EDU efficiency.
Do not hesitate to contact Agilent about the adsorbent selection.
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EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Trap and Thermal Desorption
2
Operation Principle
With the EDU, the following analytical steps are performed
automatically:
1
Sampling - Loading sample components onto the trap
2
Post-sampling - Trap drying (or extraction of undesired
compounds)
3
Desorption - Brings sample into the gas phase under
stop-flow condition
4
Injection - Transfer of sample to the Micro GC
5
Cleaning - Trap conditioning by temperature increase
6
Cooling - Cool down to initial sampling temperature
Agilent EDU
Adsorption
Desorption
Micro GC
Figure 1
Principle of operation of the EDU
During the sampling step, the compounds are trapped at
ambient temperatures. The flow during sampling can be
adjusted between 50 mL/min and 500 mL/min. The maximum
sampling time depends on the retention volumes of the analyte
on the adsorbent material. The standard trapping material
delivered with the system is Tenax TA (50/100 mg), but other
adsorbent materials or combinations of them are available upon
request.
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2
Trap and Thermal Desorption
During the next step, post-sampling, Zero Gas from the
Zero Gas port will be passed through the tube to remove very
volatile and possibly disturbing compounds from the adsorbent.
Then, the tube is heated to its desorption temperature under a
stop-flow condition. For most applications, an appropriate
temperature is T ≥160 °C (Tmax=250 °C). During the injection
step, the flow direction is inverted and the trapped components
are flushed by the transfer gas towards the Micro GC.
Afterwards, the tube is cleaned by heating it to a temperature
above the desorption temperature. The tube is rinsed with a
supply of clean air using an active charcoal filter. After cooling
to the given sampling temperature, the trap is ready for the next
measurement. See “Zero Gas” on page 23 for more information.
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Trap and Thermal Desorption
2
Sample Treatment Methods
According to the particular application, different sampling
methods should be applied. The sample may be provided in
different ways.
Direct sampling
The sample is loaded by the internal sampling pump and the
Sample In line.
Manual sampling
This is used if the sample is taken outside the lab. The sample is
trapped onto the tube with a manual sampling system, usually a
hand pump. For the analysis, insert the adsorbent tube gently
into the tube holder and push the adsorbent tube with the tube
holder into the heater. Start the measurement without the
sampling step.
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2
Trap and Thermal Desorption
Warnings
• The enrichment unit is an analytical instrument. Handle with
care, and avoid extreme and dusty environments.
• At the Transfer Gas port: Clean carrier gas (He or N2) at
550 kPa ±10 % (80 psi ±10 %) should be applied.
• Only connect sample gases under ambient pressure. An
elevated pressure will not allow proper sample flow control.
The sample pressure can be made ambient using a venting
T-piece in the sample in-line. Note: the total flow must
exceed the sampling flow of the EDU.
• Never introduce liquids into the system. Severe damage is
possible.
• Liquids (especially water) may condense onto the adsorbent
material. This is possible if the adsorbent temperature is
much lower than the sample gas temperature. An overload
with liquids disturbs the sampling procedure significantly,
and may destroy internal parts of the system.
18
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Agilent Enrichment and Desorption Unit EDU Coupling to a Micro GC
User Manual
3
Hardware Installation and Use
Hardware Description
Operating Requirements
20
21
Cabling, Electrical Connections
Gas Connections
22
23
Connecting the Sample In Line
Replacing the Sample In Line
25
27
Replacing Sample In Line Sealing
Replacing Tube Holder Seals
Adjust the Pressure Controller
28
30
33
Coupling Transfer Line to Micro GC Injector
Adsorbent Tubes
35
Flow Configuration with Agilent Micro GC
Display
34
37
40
Operational Guidelines for the Agilent Micro GC
Installing USB Drivers Under Windows XP
Agilent Technologies
41
44
19
3
Hardware Installation and Use
Hardware Description
The transfer line of the Agilent EDU (Figure 4) is connected to
the heated sample inlet of the Micro GC (Figure 2).
Figure 2
Sample inlet of the Micro GC
Sampling is carried out by means of the internal EDU pump.
After the desorption step, a continuous flow of transfer gas will
transport the sample of desorbed compounds to the Micro GC
injector and clean the Transfer Line after the injection.
The Micro GC must operate in Continuous Flow (CF) mode.
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Hardware Installation and Use
3
Operating Requirements
• Zero Gas, (=ambient air through a charcoal filter)
• Transfer gas He or N2 must be pressurized. Range 550 kPa
±10 %.
• Unit to be operated within ambient temperature range
between 0 °C and 45 °C.
• Digital interface cable between (Digital I/O) and EDU
required for automated operation.
External power source max. 100 W, input 15 VDC max 6.67 A.
Figure 3
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Power supply
21
3
Hardware Installation and Use
Cabling, Electrical Connections
Install Software (see Chapter 3, “Hardware Installation and
Use,” starting on page 19) and connect the USB cable between
the USB port of the computer and the USB port of the EDU
(Figure 4).
Connect the digital interface cable between the EDU (15-pin)
and the Micro GC (25-pin). (See “Remote Control/ Digital
Interface” on page 68.)
Connect the external power supply (15 VDC) to either 100 VAC
or 240 VAC.
NOTE
Important: The standard communication is the USB-Port. The Serial
Interface port is not active.
Main power (100-240 VAC) external Power source (15 VDC)
Zero Gas Inlet
(connect Active
Charcoal Filter)
Main switch
On/Off
Transfer Gas inlet
(Helium/Nitrogen)
Pressure
controller for
Transfer Gas
Waste port
Transfer line to
the Micro GC
USB Port to PC
(standard)
Figure 4
22
Serial interface to
PC (not active)
Digital port (“Remote
Control/ Digital
Interface” on page 68
Rear view of Instrument
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Hardware Installation and Use
Gas Connections
Before starting please check the O-rings on the connector of the
Sample In line (at the front) and the ports at the rear of the
instrument to Ensure that they are clean and free of dust or
particles.
You will find the following gas ports at the rear side of the EDU:
• Zero Gas
• Transfer Gas
• Waste
Zero Gas
Zero Gas is used for two purposes:
• Purging the adsorbent tube during the post-sampling phase
to remove remaining solvents before injection (for example,
sweeping off residual amounts of ethanol and water).
• Cleaning the tube after injection (cleaning phase).
An active charcoal filter should be attached to this port to
supply clean air.
As the gas will be transported by an internal pump,
overpressure should not be applied to this port. An external gas
supply is not required.
Coupling active charcoal filter to Zero Gas port
A gas filter containing active charcoal is used to provide clean
air to the Zero Gas port.
A piece of Teflon tubing (3 mm id) connects the filter to the gas
port.
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Hardware Installation and Use
Transfer Gas
The Transfer Gas provides a continuous flow of carrier gas (He
or N2) during all phases to the Micro GC. The Inlet-pressure of
550 kPa at this port is reduced in the EDU and should be set to
an approximate maximum of 100 kPa to sweep the desorbed
sample from the adsorbent tube towards the Micro GC.
WA R N I N G
Do not use Hydrogen as a Transfer Gas. See “Hydrogen safety” on
page 6.
General waste port
The General waste port is the port through which all gases from
the adsorbent (during sampling phase and the gas during
cleaning mode, and so forth) are released.
A vent-line may be connected here to vent off potential
hazardous gases.
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Hardware Installation and Use
3
Connecting the Sample In Line
Adsorbent tube holder
Sample In line
Connector
Display
Start/Stop button
Figure 5
Front view EDU
CAUTION
Only use original Sample In lines of the EDU.
The heated Sample In line is connected to the front of the
instrument. It is used to transfer the sample onto the trap
during the sampling step. The temperature of the Sample In line
can be adjusted using the EDU TTD Terminal control software.
CAUTION
Do not connect gas samples with overpressure directly to the Sample In
line.
Align the red dots and insert the Sample In line to the Front
Connector of the EDU. Gently push the plug, but with some
force, into the female connector until the outer ring snaps in.
See Figure 6. Too much force may destroy the O-ring at the male
flow contact (see Chapter 5, “Troubleshooting and
Maintenance,” starting on page 63.).
Align the red dots.
Figure 6
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Connecting the Sample In line
25
3
Hardware Installation and Use
To avoid cold spots at the connection, it is important, that the
thermal isolation of the Sample In line ends close to the sample
source.
26
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Hardware Installation and Use
Replacing the Sample In Line
When a Sample In line test (in the Self check procedure) of the
Trap and Thermal Desorption instrument fails, the following
steps should be followed:
1
Insert the new Sample In line to the Connector in the front
of the EDU. Both are marked with red points to find the
right position for connection.
2
Gently, but with some force, push the plug into the female
connector (Figure 7) until the outer ring snaps in. Too much
force may destroy the O-ring at the male flow contact.
Align the red dots.
Figure 7
Connecting the Sample In line
After switching on the instrument, the EDU performs a new self
check procedure. Ensure that you select all components to be
tested.
If the self check procedure and the following equilibration step
end successfully, the instrument is ready for operation.
If the self check is not successful, an error message is displayed
within the controlling program or the display. The actual reason
for the failure is indicated in the self check dialog box (Self
Check/Options (red cross instead of green cross) or in the Log
Window.
Please call Agilent for more information.
CAUTION
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Only use original Sample In lines of the EDU.
27
3
Hardware Installation and Use
Replacing Sample In Line Sealing
If the EDU does not sample correctly, visually inspect the inner
O-rings of the Sample In line plug. To exchange the O-ring
sealing inside the plug of the Sample In line, the plug must be
disassembled. Dismount the screw connection at the end of the
cap by turning it anticlockwise.
CAUTION
The screw connection keeps the front part of the plug and the
Sample In line secure, ensuring that electrical connections are
not accidentally disconnected. However, the inner metal parts
(Figure 8) are not secured, and can fall out when opening the
plug.
The sealing (Figure 8) may be detached and replaced using a
small screwdriver. Take care not to damage the gas contact
itself.
Screw connection
Figure 8
Metal parts
Sealing O-ring
Sample In line plug opened
Assemble the plug by mounting the metal parts as shown in
Figure 8. Slide the housing of the plug over the contacts.
Sample In line
Figure 9
28
Collet
Housing of plug
Assembling of the transfer plug
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Hardware Installation and Use
3
For an easy and quick assembly:
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
1
Screw the plug housing and Sample In line against each
other. Maintain a correct fit of the front nose of the metal
part in the housing.
2
Insert the back nose into the notch of the collet.
3
Keep the Sample In line and plug secure while turning the
screw clockwise.
29
3
Hardware Installation and Use
Replacing Tube Holder Seals
When a tightness test fails (in the Self check procedure), the
Trap and Thermal Desorption instrument, the following steps
should be followed:
1
Carefully check the adsorption tube. Are there any cracks at
the end of the tube visible? If yes please exchange the tube.
2
If not, reinsert the tube (rotating it 180 °) and perform the
“tightness test” again.
• Some of the tubes are not circular.
• When inserting the tube into the tube holder (knob), the
tube must be held by the inner seal (see Figure 10). It
should not move or fall out.
• When inserting the tube with the holder into the oven of
the instrument, rotate the knob to close the tube heater.
A little bit of pressure is needed to close and rotate the
knob.
• If the tube falls out of the knob (tube holder), or if you
feel no pressure when closing the oven, or if the
“tightness check” of the instrument shows an error,
replace the O-ring.
Figure 10 shows the three O-ring seals at the tube holder (knob).
Carefully inspect the O-ring seal before exchanging them. The
inner part of the tube holder needs a 7.66 x 1.78 mm O-ring seal,
the outer part a 10 x 1.5 mm and a 11 x 1.5 mm seal (see
Figure 10).
7.66 x 1.78 mm
11 x 1.5 mm
10 x 1.5 mm
Figure 10 Tube holder (knob) with seals
30
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3
First try to remove the seals when a deterioration is visible
(removing the seals might destroy them).
Remove the seal using a small screwdriver to lift it, and then
scroll it off the Tube holder (see Figure 11).
Figure 11 Seals removal
The O-ring seal of the inner part of the tube holder may be
removed, and replaced by using a needle or a small screwdriver.
See Figure 12 and Figure 13.
Figure 12 Remove the old O-ring
Figure 13 Replace the new O-ring
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Hardware Installation and Use
Spare parts
32
Part number
Description
AIR400107
Sample In line Ultimetal (heated); Teflon Tube 4 mm
AIR400095
Sample In line Ultimetal; 1/16 in Swagelok
AIR100608
External Power Supply (Input 100-240 Vac, Output 15 Vdc)
AIR400073
USB Cable
AIR400076
Interface Cable EDU-Micro GC
AIR100275
Sampling tube Tenax (TA) 50/100 mg, each
AIR100276
Sampling tube Tenax (TA) 100 mg/Active Charcoal 50 mg,
each
AIR100027
Sampling tube Active Charcoal 2 layer 100/300 mg, each
AIR500092
Active Charcoal Filter, Nylon Housing, for 4 mm OD *
3 mm ID tube
AIR100047
Teflon Tube 4 mm OD, 3 mm ID, for Charcoal Filter
AIR400078
Sealing Kit Tube Holder 3x O-ring Viton (7.66*1.78, 11*1.5
and 10*1.5)
AIR400079
Sealing Kit Sample In line 1x O-ring (2.2*0.8)
AIR400091
Tube Holder
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3
Adjust the Pressure Controller
Clean carrier gas (He, N2) at 550 kPa should be applied to the
Transfer Gas port. The internal pressure controller reduces the
pressure to a maximum outlet pressure of 100 kPa for
protection of the Micro GC injector. Set the pressure to
approximately 80 kPa.
When the EDU is in operation (switched on and in Standby) the
pressure is shown at the front panel display (Figure 14).
Figure 14 Front panel display
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Hardware Installation and Use
Coupling Transfer Line to Micro GC Injector
The Transfer Line is the connection from the trapping unit to
the analytical instrument Micro GC, and is located on the back
side of the EDU.
NOTE
WA R N I N G
The transfer line cannot be disconnected from the EDU.
Before connecting the Transfer Line, switch the Micro GC off and
disconnect from the power source.
Let the Heated Sample Inlet cool down to ambient temperature
before proceeding.
The Transfer Line with a 1/16” Swagelok nut connects to the
Micro GC heated sample inlet inside the instrument.
Figure 15 Coupling Transfer Line to Micro GC Sample Inlet
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Hardware Installation and Use
Adsorbent Tubes
CAUTION
do not touch adsorbent tubes with bare fingers. Use a kim wipe tissue or
clean lab glove.
WA R N I N G
Be careful, injuries might occur!
Do not insert tubes with sharp edges. Broken pieces will remain
inside the desorber and disturb the desorption procedure or even
destroy its seal.
NOTE
New tubes should be conditioned first!
It is recommended to run at least three measurement cycles using the
EDU method that will be used for the actual application.
Tube holder side
Heater side
To the instrument
Adsorbent material
Adsorption tube: L = ca. 91 mm
Ø = ca. 8 mm
Figure 16 Adsorption tube
Inserting the tube
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
1
Open the desorber by turning the tube holder counterclockwise.
2
Insert the adsorbent tube, the side without adsorbent
material, gently into the tube holder.
3
Slide the adsorbent tube, together with the holder into the
desorber.
4
Close the desorber by pushing it gently and turning the
holder clockwise until the stop.
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Hardware Installation and Use
CAUTION
The adsorption tube is pushed gently ca. 5 mm into the tube holder until
you feel a resistance from the inner sealing. The internal spring will
squeeze the adsorbent tube to the right position. Too much force may
destroy the adsorbent tube.
Figure 17 Inserting the tube
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3
Flow Configuration with Agilent Micro GC
The gas flow of the instrument in connection with a Micro GC is
displayed in the following illustrations. Please provide the
required gases to the ports at the rear as previously indicated in
the “Gas Connections” on page 23. During analysis of the
sample, the internal valves are switched according to the
following diagrams. See Table 1.
Table 1
Flow configurations
Gas flow
Description
Standby
The inlet of the Micro GC is connected
to the Transfer Gas port. The gas
connection from the Sample In line is
connected with the waste outlet. The
adsorption tube is closed.
Diagram
Sample In
line
To Micro GC
TRAP
Waste
Sampling
The internal pump of the trap is
switched on and drives the sample
from the inlet through the tube (flow
rate defined by software). Compounds
are trapped within the tube.
The Micro GC is connected to the
Transfer Gas port.
Sample In
Line
Transfer
Gas
To Micro GC
TRAP
Waste
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Zero Gas
Zero Gas
Transfer
Gas
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Hardware Installation and Use
Table 1
Flow configurations (continued)
Gas flow
Description
Postsampling
The internal pump of the trap is
switched on and Zero Gas from the
Zero Gas port is passed through the
tube to the waste outlet to remove
gaseous compounds with low boiling
points (and water) from the adsorbent.
The Micro GC is connected to the
Transfer Gas port. The gas connection
from the Sample In line is connected
with the waste outlet.
Diagram
TRAP
Waste
Desorption
The trapped compounds are released
by heating the adsorbent tube to a
defined temperature. During
desorption, there is no gas flow in the
tube. The eventual gas flow from the
Sample In line is released through the
Waste port. The Micro GC is connected
to the Transfer Gas port. The internal
pump is switched off.
Zero Gas
Sample In
Line
Transfer
Gas
To Micro GC
TRAP
Waste
Injection
To Micro GC
Line
The trapped compounds are swept (in
reverse flow) from the adsorbent tube
into the Micro GC by the transfer gas.
The eventual gas flow at the Sample In
line is released through the waste port.
Zero Gas
Sample In
Line
Transfer
Gas
To Micro GC
TRAP
Waste
38
Zero Gas
Transfer
Gas
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Hardware Installation and Use
Table 1
Flow configurations (continued)
Gas flow
Description
Cleaning and
postcleaning
The temperature of the trap is
increased according to the given
cleaning temperature. The internal
pump forces reverse flow of clean gas
from the Zero Gas port through the
tube to the waste outlet.
The eventual gas flow from the Sample
In line is directed to waste. The Micro
GC is connected to the Transfer Gas
port. During a postcleaning step other
internal valves are actuated to remove
possible internal contamination.
Cooling
3
Diagram
To Micro GC
Line
TRAP
Waste
Zero Gas
Transfer
Gas
Cooling fans activate for a user defined
time to lower the temperature of the
trap when starting the next sampling
step. The gas flow directions are the
same as in the standby step.
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Hardware Installation and Use
Display
The EDU displays the status of the device, and also provides
warnings or error messages to the user.
The following status messages will be displayed:
• Standby
• Sampling
• Postsampling
• Desorption
• Injection
• Cleaning
• Cooling
The display in Figure 18 shows the following examples:
• The top line displays the current phase of the desorption
cycle.
• The second line shows the actual temperature of the
adsorbent.
• The third line displays the adjusted time (left side) and the
remaining time of the actual phase.
• The fourth line displays the Stop feature, which can abort a
cycle (see “Starting a Measurement” on page 60) by pressing
Stop.
Figure 18 Display
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Operational Guidelines for the Agilent Micro GC
For installation of the Micro GC, refer to the user manual.
To setup connection between the 490 Micro GC and the EDU,
the following items have to be set correctly.
In the instrument configuration:
• Instrument configuration tab, check the Continuous flow box. See
Figure 19.
• Automation and remote control tab, check the Wait for Ready In
signal box. See Figure 20 on page 42.
In the method:
Set the Trigger Type in the Trigger tab to External. See Figure 21 on
page 42.
Figure 19 Instrument configuration - Continuous flow
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3
Hardware Installation and Use
Figure 20 Automation and remote control - Wait for Ready In signal
Figure 21 Trigger Type - External
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Hardware Installation and Use
The method to be optimized with respect to the sampling time.
At the release of the components from the EDU, the Micro GC
run starts with the sampling time. The component profile
running through the transfer line to the Micro GC injector is
illustrated in Figure 22. The sampling time has to be chosen
according to Figure 22.
Area
Injection time Micro GC
Time (sec) after EDU injection
Micro GC sampling time
Figure 22 Sampling time method
The carrier gas connected to the Micro GC and the transfer gas
connected to the EDU must be of the same kind, preferably
helium. They can be teed off from one single supply line.
For continuous operation (see “Continuous cycle operation” on
page 59), the EDU must be programmed, started, and a Galaxie
sequence must be prepared and activated. To facilitate
continuous operation within Galaxie, the Galaxie sequence shell
(Gal- SeqShell.exe) must be used. This needs to be installed
from the Galaxie Install CD.
Consult the appropriate manuals for details.
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Hardware Installation and Use
Installing USB Drivers Under Windows XP
1
If you are running Windows XP or Windows XP SP 1,
temporarily disconnect your PC from the Internet. This can
be done by either removing the network cable from your PC
or by disabling your network card by going to the Control
Panel/Network and Dial-Up Connections, right clicking on the
appropriate connection and selecting Disable from the menu.
The connection can be re-enabled after the installation is
complete. It is not necessary, if configured under Windows
XP SP 2, to ask before connecting to Windows Update.
Windows XP SP 2 can have the settings for Windows Update
changed through the Control Panel/System, then select the
Hardware tab and click Windows Update.
2
Connect the device to a spare USB port on your PC. This will
launch the Windows Found New Hardware Wizard. If there
is no available Internet connection or Windows XP SP2 is
configured to ask before connecting to Windows Update, the
screen in Figure 23 is shown. Select No, not this time from
the options available and then click Next to proceed with the
installation. If there is an available Internet connection,
Windows XP will connect to the Windows Update website
and install any suitable driver it finds for the device in
preference to the driver manually selected.
Figure 23 Found New Hardware Wizard Welcome window
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3
3
Select Install from a list or specific location (Advanced) as shown
in Figure 24and then click Next.
Figure 24 Found New Hardware Wizard install window
4
Select Search for the best driver in these locations and check the
box next to Search removable media (floppy, CD-ROM…), and
uncheck all others as shown in Figure 25. Click Next to
proceed.
Figure 25 Found New Hardware Wizard search window
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Hardware Installation and Use
• If Windows XP is configured to warn when unsigned
(non-WHQL certified) drivers are about to be installed, the
following screen will be displayed. Click on Continue Anyway
to continue with the installation. If Windows XP is
configured to ignore file signature warnings, no message will
appear. See Figure 26.
Figure 26 Hardware Installation window
• Figure 27 will be displayed as Windows XP copies the
required driver files.
Figure 27 Found New Hardware Wizard file copy window
46
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Hardware Installation and Use
• Windows should then display a message indicating that the
installation was successful. Click Finish to complete the
installation, see Figure 28. The device is now ready for use.
Figure 28 Found New Hardware Wizard Finish window
• Open the Device Manager (located in Control Panel/System,
select the Hardware tab, and click Device Manger), then select
View/Devices by Type. The device appears as a FTDI FT8U2XX
Device connected to a USB port. See Figure 29.
Figure 29 Found New Hardware Wizard file copy window
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Hardware Installation and Use
Upon connecting to a USB port different from the one of the
first installation, Windows can come up with the New Hardware
found and ask for a renewed driver installation. Proceed in the
same manner as the original installation.
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Agilent Enrichment and Desorption Unit EDU Coupling to a Micro GC
User Manual
4
Software Installation and Use
Software Installation
50
Starting the Program
52
TTD Terminal - User Interface
Trapping with EDU
53
55
Adjusting Parameters of EDU
56
Agilent Technologies
49
4
Software Installation and Use
Software Installation
Please close all open programs on the computer system. You
need administrator rights in order to install the software.
NOTE
First, install the software on the computer, then connect the devices using
the USB cable
Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive of the
computer and run setup.exe from its top directory. This is
achieved by opening the windows explorer and the view related
to the CD. Double click on the setup.exe icon.
Follow the instructions during the setup process. At the end of
the setup, the program will start the installation of the
communication interface USB. At the end of the setup
procedure, a message is displayed to connect the PC to the EDU
with the USB cable. See Figure 30.
Figure 30 Setup TTD Terminal window
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4
Please read the instruction manual in the supplement or in the
end of the successful setup procedure. See Figure 31.
Figure 31 Completing the TTD-Terminal Setup Wizard window
It is not necessary to reboot the computer after the software
installation.
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Software Installation and Use
Starting the Program
Before starting the TTD software, connect the EDU device to the
computer and turn it on.
Double click the edu.exe icon, on the Windows Desktop, to start
the TTD Terminal software. See Figure 32.
Figure 32 TTD Terminal software icon
During Start up, the software automatically searches for the
instrument by scanning all available ports of the computer. If
this is not successful, a further search can be carried out by
using the options under communication in the main menu. If you
know the communication port, you can select it manually.
If connecting to the instrument is not possible, please check
your USB device installation in the Windows hardware
manager.
Reinstallation of the driver may be required if a different USB
port is used.
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Software Installation and Use
TTD Terminal - User Interface
Windows
The TTD Terminal includes four different windows. See
Figure 33 for details.
• Status window - Indicates the actual status of the instrument
• Time window - Displays the actual step and progress
• Data window - Displays the temperature of the adsorbent
bed
• Log window - Displays the log of communication and direct
feedback (status and errors) of the instrument
Status window
Time window
Data window
Log window
Figure 33 TTD Terminal windows
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Software Installation and Use
Toolbar
The toolbar and status bar can be switched on and off over
View/Toolbar or View/Statusbar. See Figure 34 for the Toolbar and
Table 2 for the icon descriptions.
Table 2
Toolbar icon description
Icon name
Icon description
Instrument settings
Setting the parameters of the instrument
Start
Start the method/sequence
Stop
Stop the method/sequence
Instrument search
Search for an EDU device, establish communication in
case no communication established, click on
<communication/interfaces> and select the port
which is marked.
Info
Displays software version and copyright
Help
Show help with selected tool buttons, menus and
windows
Instrument settings
Help
Start
Stop
Instrument Info
search
Figure 34 Toolbar
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4
Trapping with EDU
Start of instrument, Self check, Equilibration
The instrument performs a self check after it is switched on.
This is a functionality check on the power supply, the tightness
of the flow system, heaters of the Transfer Line Sample In line
and desorber. After the self-check, the instrument enters the
initial equilibration phase (ca. 5 minutes). All temperatures are
adjusted to their given values. The adsorbent tube maintains the
given sampling temperature. After both phases have ended
successfully, the instrument is ready for operation.
If the self check is not successful, an error message is displayed
within the controlling program or the display. The actual reason
for the failure is indicated in the self check dialog box
Self Check/Options (red cross instead of the green cross), or in
the Log Window. See Figure 35.
Figure 35 Self Check dialog box
Single procedures of the self check can be activated or
deactivated. The instrument knows two types of self checks. The
Power On - Self Check (right side) and the user- defined Check (left
side). The latter can be used to carry out a tightness check alone
or to bring the instrument to standby mode (ready condition) by
disregarding single check procedures. Thus, the instrument can
be forced in any case to get ready for operation. The self check
can be entered any time if the unit is in standby condition.
NOTE
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
The Power On - Self Check is carried out whether a PC is connected or
not.
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Software Installation and Use
Adjusting Parameters of EDU
The values of the parameters are displayed in the method
parameter window. The EDU is shipped with default settings.
The instrument performs a self check when it is switched on.
After a successful start up, the last method used will be
activated.
NOTE
The self check procedure has to be finished, and the unit has to be in the
Standby mode, otherwise it is impossible to adjust parameters.
Open the method parameter window by clicking the button in
the toolbar, Figure 36, or the menu item Parameter and change
them accordingly. The sequence of these parameters correlates
with the steps of the complete method.
Figure 36 Parameter icon
An existing method can be activated by clicking on the selection
at the left side. The method parameters are displayed. A new
method may be created by clicking the Add button at the left
side. The parameters are copied from the active method and can
be changed. Adjust the parameters according to your
application if required. See Figure 37.
Figure 37 Device and processing parameters window
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4
The default method is a factory parameter set within the
instrument and cannot be changed. To run a different method, a
new one has to be created and loaded into the device.
NOTE
Low sampling temperatures are normally preferred. In the lab, it is
recommended to start with temperatures of approximately 35 °C.
The cleaning temperature must be higher (recommended 20 °C)
than the desorption and injection temperature.
Two modes of operation can be carried out:
• Cycle including the Sampling Step
• Cycle without the Sampling Step
Cycle including the Sampling Step
The trapping step is performed using the EDU system.
• Adjust the values for the sampling and post sampling step.
• Connect the sample to the Sample In line.
Cycle without the Sampling Step
This mode is useful, for example, if the sample is taken outside
the lab with a manual sampling procedure (hand pump for
example) enter 0 for the sampling time adjust the parameter for
the post sampling step (a drying step may be desired, otherwise
enter 0).
Before starting the EDU, insert the adsorbent tube into the tube
holder and push the tube holder into the desorber.
After having inserted the adsorbent tube it might be useful to
perform a tightness check. Simply go to the self check
adjustment and disable all check except the tightness check and
press OK. The EDU will test the tube and keep the sample on the
adsorbent.
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Software Installation and Use
NOTE
If the sampling temperature for the TTD cycle or a Transfer Line
temperature is changed, the system will enter a new equilibration phase.
The optimal injection time, in this case the sample transfer time to the
Micro GC, depends on the flow rate that is maintained by the transfer gas.
Generally an injection time at between 10 and 15 seconds is appropriate. A
too short injection time of the EDU will result in analytes not reaching the
injector of the Micro GC.
It is important to allow sufficient cooling time to ensure that the adsorbent
reaches the set trapping temperature. Samples should always be trapped
at the same temperature. The minimum time is calculated and indicated in
the method page.
The sample flow and the temperatures of the Transfer line or
the Sample In line are also adjusted under the menu
Parameter/Adjustment General Parameter. The maximum operation
temperature of the Transfer line is 150 °C. In most applications,
a temperature about 100 °C is sufficient.
Figure 38 Adjustment General Parameter window
The Parameter Short injection signal has an effect on the duration
of the digital start signal delivered to the Micro GC. The signal
starts the sampling procedure of the Micro GC. Both the Short
injection signal as well as the Wait for Ready Signal check box need
to be checked for correct operation with the Micro GC.
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Software Installation and Use
Cycles of operation
Two cycles of operation can be carried out:
• Single cycle operation
• Continuous cycle operation
Single cycle operation
Set the parameter continuous cycle operation to off.
Continuous cycle operation
Enable the check button continuous cycle operation and enter a
value for the cycle time. This is the time between two repetitions
of the trap and thermal desorption cycle.
The selected duration of the cycle time of the EDU should be
longer than the analysis cycle time of the Micro GC.
The EDU system may be programmed using a continuous cycle
mode. So it performs one Trap and Thermal desorption cycle
after the other. It also can be started by an external device using
the external start signal at the digital port.
By activating the button Autostart after Power On the EDU starts
automatically after power up.
The parameter Wait for Ready-Signal has an effect on the start
signal delivered from the Micro GC in order to start the EDU
cycle.
• Disabled - Independent from the status of the Micro GC the
EDU will complete its operation cycle.
• Enabled - The unit will start with the sampling/post sampling
step and completes the cycle only if the Micro GC is ready. If
the Micro GC is not ready, a Wait for GC/Detector-Ready status
is shown on the front panel display. Continuing the EDU
cycle is then initiated by the Micro GC Ready status (see
“Starting a Measurement” on page 60)
CAUTION
If the Wait condition of the EDU is aborted by pressing the Stop button, a
new measurement cycle has to be started in order to clean the adsorbent
tube.
To exit the Method parameter window, click OK. The software
checks the values of the parameters and may inform about
invalid or inadequate parameter values. If no faults are
detected, the software prompts for downloading of the
parameters (complete method) to the instrument.
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Software Installation and Use
The Agilent EDU is now ready for operation.
Ensure that the Micro GC has been programmed correctly. See
“Software Installation” on page 50 in this manual as well as the
Micro GC User Manual.
Starting a Measurement
After downloading the methods and reaching system readiness
on both EDU and Micro GC, a trap and thermal desorption cycle
can be started.
Start the system either by clicking GO in the taskbar or by
pressing the start/stop button on the front of the instrument.
The EDU system will start its cycle or sequence.
The Micro GC will wait for the injection. After the EDU has
completed the post sampling step the Micro GC must be in ready
status before the EDU continues with the desorption step
(ensure, the parameter Wait for Ready-Signal is enabled). See
Figure 39.
Figure 39 EDU display window
The operational cycle ends, when the sampling temperature is
reached during cool down. The ready signal returns and the
cycle may be started again.
If the sampling temperature is not reached during cool down
due to high environmental temperatures, the cycle will end
when the cool down time (entered as a parameter) expires.
Do not to stop the cycle once started, as sample components
will be loaded on the trap. A cleaning and condition cycle is
required before the unit can be used again.
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4
Example of a method
This method describes how to operate the EDU-Micro GC
instrumentation (see also “Operational Guidelines for the
Agilent Micro GC” on page 41) in order to achieve a result in an
easy way and to check the overall functionality.
A mixture of 1ppm BTX (benzene, toluene and xylene) is used
as the test sample. The settings used for this standard method
are shown in the following table:
Table 3
Default method
EDU parameter (Valve CFG=4)
Micro GC setting
Sampling
300 s/30 °C
Injector
Standard
Pump flow
200 mL/min
Configuration mode
Continuous Flow mode
Post sampling
0s
Column pressure
150 kPa
Desorption
120 s/180 °C
Column
CPSil-5CB, 4 meter
Injection
30 s/180 °C
Column temperature
100 °C
Cleaning
90 s/220 °C
Inject time
255 msec
Cool down
320 s
Injector temperature
110 °C
Detector Transfer line
80 °C
Sampling time
7 sec
Sample Transfer line
80 °C
Sampling flow
variable
Transfer pressure
80 kPa He
Adsorbent
Tenax TA 20/35
Procedure
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
1
Ensure that all gas and electrical connections are set
accordingly.
2
Apply the sample to the Sample In Port of the EDU and press
the start button.
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Result
Figure 40 shows a sample gas chromatogram when working
with a Micro GC equipped with a standard TCD detector.
Benzene
p- and m-Xylene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
o-Xylene
Propylbenzene
i-Butylbenzene
Butylbenzene
0
1
2
3
Min
4
Figure 40 Gas Chromatogram sample
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User Manual
5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Hints and Troubleshooting
Maintenance
Technical Data
64
66
67
Remote Control/ Digital Interface
Troubleshooting Common Problems
68
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Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Hints and Troubleshooting
What sampling material should I use and how do I know the
efficiency of the trap?
For most applications, Tenax is the recommended adsorbent
material. Depending on the interaction of the substance to
analyze and the sampling material, different safe sampling
volumes can be determined. These breakthrough volumes
(defined as sampled gas volume per adsorbent material (l/g)
before 50 % of the original concentration goes through the
adsorbent) are listed for different analytes and adsorptive
materials. For a specific compound, it is possible to choose the
optimal trapping material. When using other adsorbent material
condensation of water could be a problem. New adsorption
materials should be approved for thermal desorption.
When do I have to change the sampling tube?
When using Tenax, generally many hundred sampling and
desorption cycles are possible. Please ensure that the color of
the adsorptive material is white.e. If there are yellow spots (due
to extreme temperatures) or other visible changes (soot, and so
forth), please change the tube. By using a defined standard (for
example,1 ppm Toluene in air) and performing the same
measurement in greater intervals, the efficiency of the trapping
material over time can be monitored.
How can I check the system for tightness?
The system runs a self check to monitor most of the flow system
for tightness. However, some pathways such as the Transfer
Line and the Sample In line cannot be checked automatically.
The best way to test these connections is to look, with a flow
meter, for the correct flow rates, during sampling or injection.
What to check in case of bad repeatability?
The Micro GC firmware must be version 1.41 build 05 or higher.
The sample source must be stable and available in sufficient
volume.
Repeatability problems can also be related to:
• The sampling pump
• The tightness of the adsorption tube
• Leakage of the transfer line
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5
• Pressure variations of the transfer gas pressure
• Heater problems, and so forth
Consult the next sections for further trouble shooting hints and
solutions.
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Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Maintenance
Tightness of lines
If the sampling flow decreases or is less than required in the
parameter dialog, the O- Ring at the flow contact in the plug of
the Transfer Line may be damaged. This might be due to normal
wear out. It is easy to change the O-Ring.
Broken sampling tubes
Broken glass within the desorber may cause leakage of the flow
system and damage the tube sealing. It is important to remove
particles of glass from the tube holder or from the internal
desorber. This can be done by using small tools without sharp
edges.
Cleaning
When using the system with very dirty samples, most of the
pollution will remain inside the Sample In line. To clean the
Sample In line, disconnect it from the unit and rinse it with
toluene and methanol, followed by intensive drying with clean
air (filtered by active charcoal). All liquids must be removed
prior to reinstallation of the Sample In line.
Clean the other parts of the system by operating the system at
elevated temperatures for a number cycles (for example 5)providing clean gas at the inlets (Sample In line and Zero Gas
and Transfer Gas ports) and having a prolonged cleaning time
(for example, 300 seconds)
If contamination is still a problem when running measurements
with clean gas, contact Agilent for service.
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EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
5
Technical Data
Table 4
Technical data
Power
Max 100 W, input 15 VDC max 6.67 A, through an external universal input power supply.
100-240 VAC
Computer interface
USB port (the serial RS-232 is deactivated)
Electrical interface
TTL & relays digital signal port for communication with devices attached to the unit
Adsorbent
Different adsorbent material available most common Tenax (TA) 50/100 mg or Combi
(Tenax/Active Charcoal) 100/50 mg
Operating temperatures
Typical : between 0 °C and 45 °C
Operating humidity
Between 5 % and 95 % r.H., noncondensing
Sampling temperature
Adjustable; minimum: ambient + 15 °C
Sampling flow
Adjustable: between 50 and 500 mL/min
Desorption temperature
Adjustable: up to 250 °C (during cleaning higher)
Heating rate
80 °C/sec (heater, temperature needs ca. 90 seconds to penetrate the adsorbent)
Sample-In line
Ultimetal 1/16” OD, PTFE tube end 4 mm OD, 3 mm ID heated tube: up to 150 °C, typical
80 °C *
Transfer line
Ultimetal 1/16” OD, Swagelok fitting 1/16” heated tube : up to 150 °C, typical 80 °C.
Sampling system
1 internal pump, internal multiport valve, heated
Cycle time
Typical: 10 minutes full cycle: sampling, post sampling, desorption, injection, cleaning and
cooling
Repeatability
2.5 %, typical; depending on the application
Operating system
Device control software running on Win 2000, XP
Operating mode
Single cycle or cycle sequencing
Weight
2.3 kg
Dimensions
255 x 210 x 90 mm
* Optional Sample In line with 1/16 inch Swagelok connection.
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
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5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Remote Control/ Digital Interface
The Micro GC must to be connected with the Digital Port, the
interface cable has been provided.
The system can be connected to different further sampling
instruments or analytical equipment (GCs, detectors) by
shortcut detection or TTL signals.
8
1
15
9
Figure 41 Digital Port connector
Pin
Timing
Electrical characteristic
1
GND for Pin 2
2
INPUT RESERVE (TTL, optocoupled)
Impulse min 100 msec
TTL Input optocoupled
Max.+5V, min. 1.6 mA
3
INPUT START Shortcut -> Start TTD
cycle
min 200 msec
Shortcut input , attach relay
contact
4
GND for Pin 5
5
INPUT START (optocoupled) High->
Start TTD cycle
6
Shortcut input , attach relay
INPUT GC READY (relay contact GND shortcut indicates the unit that the
contact
on P 9!) Shortcut-> Detector ok for
detector is ready to receive sample. If
sample
this signal is not received, the unit will
wait at the end of the postsampling step.
7
GND for Pin 8
8
INPUT GC READY(TTL, optocoupled)
High-> Detector ok for sample
9
Global GND
GND see Pin 11
9
Global GND
GND see Pin 3
68
GND see Pin 2
GND see Pin 5
Impulse min. 100 msec
TTL Input optocoupled
Max.+5V, min. 1.6mA
GND see Pin 8
Impulse min. 100msec, same operation
as signal on P6.
TTL Input optocoupled
Max.+5V, min. 1.6 mA
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Pin
Timing
Electrical characteristic
10
OUTPUT READY TTL
(GND on Pin 9!)
Signal rises to High as soon as a full TTD
cycle is completed and unit is ready for
the next sampling step. The signal is
cleared as soon as the next cycle is
started.
TTL output
11
OUTPUT INJECTION Low to High ->
EDU injecting EDU switches valves
for injection same function as Pin 1
Signal switches to High at beginning of
injection and Low at end of cool down
phase /or/ signal switches to High for
5 seconds (see “Adjusting Parameters of
EDU” on page 56).
TTL output
12
GND for Pin 13
13
OUTPUT READY (relay contact)
14
GND for Pin 15
15
OUTPUT INJECTION Shortcut ->
EDU injecting EDU switches valves
for injection. Signal to be used to
start acquisition at Detector.
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
5
GND see Pin 13
Contact closes at same condition as
Pin 10 is H.
Shortcut output, relay
contact
GND see Pin 15
Contact closes at beginning of injection
and opens at end of cool down phase
/or/ contact closes for 5 seconds (see
“Adjusting Parameters of EDU” on
page 56).
Shortcut output, relay
contact
69
5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Troubleshooting Common Problems
This section gives you insights about how an EDU- System
works and how to go about troubleshooting when it does not
work.
Troubleshooting basics are presented that enable you to identify
problems in a defective EDU as well as possible solutions.
This document explains how to deal with failure of the different
parts from the self check procedure and additional failures.
Failures are displayed in the Software TTD-Terminal or on the
Display of the EDU.
If the instrument needs to be sent back to Agilent, contact your
local Agilent service representative.
Self Check procedure
1
Power supply
2
Sampling pump
3
Adsorption tube tightness
4
Transfer line
5
Sample In line
6
Adsorbents tube heater
Additional failures
7
Errors in the display
8
Warning sampling flow display
9
Short circuit in the lines
10 Temperature of Desorber is not displayed correctly
11 Enrichment efficiency is very low / injection flow failure
70
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
5
Self check failures
1. Power supply check
Check if the external
power supply
provides power.
The external power
supply provides no
power.
Exchange of the external
power supply (see the User
Manual Cabling electrical
connections chapter).
The external power
supply provides
power, but the system
does not react.
Internal electronic
parts for power
control are defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
2. Sampling pump
This is a flow function check on the pump. The pump must
reach the default flow of ca. 300 mL/min.
A gas path (Zero
Gas or Waste) is
blocked.
Check the gas path visually
and clean the gas paths if
necessary (see the User
Manual Gas Connections
section).
The pump is defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
Either one of the
valves may have a
malfunction.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
The AWM is defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
The pump does not
achieve the default
flow.
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71
5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
3. Adsorption tube tightness
Take out the adsorbent tube and check its top for any damage.
Confirm that the desorber is completely closed, and that the
tube is correctly attached to the adsorbent holder (see the User
Manual Adsorbent Tubes chapter).
Figure 42 Untight Tube warning
The Adsorbent tube
is missing at the
self check
procedure.
Open the Adsorbent holder
and insert a adsorbent tube
(refer to the User Manual
Adsorbent tube chapter).
The Adsorbent tube is
untight.
1.Open the Adsorbent holder.
Warning Untight
Tube
2.Take out the adsorbent tube
from the holder.
3.Insert the adsorbent tube,
without the holder, into the
Desorber.
4.Insert the adsorbent holder
into the Desorber .
5.Shut the Desorber by
turning clockwise.
Check the O-rings in
the adsorbent holder,
visually inspect the
inner adsorbent
O-ring.
Any other part of the inner fluidic system is broken or has a leakage.
72
If the O-rings look damaged,
replace them (see
“Replacing Sample In Line
Sealing” on page 28.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
5
4. Transfer line
Same basic procedures as for the Sample In line (see “5. Sample
In line”).
NOTE
When the transfer line needs to be exchanged, the EDU must be sent to
Agilent for repair and restoration.
5. Sample In line
This is an electrical check on the Sample In line, the fluid
function of the Sample In line is not checked.
If the temperature of
the Sample In line is
highly elevated
(50 °C), the line
check may end
without success.
Let the Sample In
line cool down and
run the check
again.
The Sample In line
heater or the sensor is
defective.
Replace the Sample In
line (see “Replacing
Tube Holder Seals”
on page 30).
The line is ok, if the cheek
finishes with good result.
Otherwise, replace the
Sample In line (see
“Replacing Tube Holder
Seals” on page 30).
6. Adsorbent tube heater
The base temperature, the temperatures achieved, and the
dynamic behavior during the test are checked for plausibility
and correctness.
Heater is shorted to
ground.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
Heater is defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
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73
5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Additional failures
7. Error in the display
The display is
defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
Controller is
defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
Flash EPROM is
defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
Printed circuit board
is defective.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
8. Warning sampling flow display
The needle at the
Sample In line is too
small (at the
sampling
procedure)
Replace the smaller
needle with a
larger needle.
The sample line is
blocked.
Please replace the
sample line.
The sampling pump
may be leaking.
Check the sampling flow with a Flow
meter. Adjust parameter: sampling
time 60 seconds, sampling flow
300 mL/min.
If the flow is not
correct, please send
EDU to Agilent.
1. Measure the flow at the Sample In
line.
2. Measure the flow at the waste
port.
74
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
5
9. Short circuit in the lines
A short circuit
deactivates the lines
(Sample In line or
Transfer line).
The Transfer line
does not work,
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
The Sample In line
does not work.
Replace the Sample In
line (see “Replacing
Tube Holder Seals”
on page 30).
Switch the Unit off
and then on
The lines will be activated again.
10. Temperature of Desorber is not displayed correctly
The temperature on
the PC does not
agree with the
temperature on the
EDU display.
Check the target
(adjusted)
temperature with the
current temperature
on the display or PC.
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Go to the menu
'communication' of the EDU
Instrument control panel and
search for an instrument.
Current temperature
is out of scale.
If nothing changed, please
send the EDU to Agilent.
Please send EDU
to Agilent.
75
5
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
11. Enrichment efficiency is very low/injection flow failure
No adequate Peak shown on the Chromatogram.
The peak is too
wide.
Injection time of
the EDU is set too
long.
Set a shorter injection time.
The peak is too
narrow or no peak is
shown.
Injection time of the
EDU is set too short.
Set a longer injection time.
Also:
• Check injection time on EDU.
• Check transfer flow to Micro GC.
• Check sampling time of Micro GC.
• Check injection time on Micro GC.
76
EDU Coupling to Micro GC User Manual
Agilent Technologies
© Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Printed in USA, February 2015
*G3581-90006*
G3581-90013
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