MH-2300 User Manual - PLANET Technology Corporation.

MH-2300 User Manual - PLANET Technology Corporation.
Gigabit Multi-Homing VPN
Security Gateway
MH-2300
Gigabit Multi-Homing VPN Security Gateway
MH-2300
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved. No part of this publication
may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into
any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
PLANET.
PLANET makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to
the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for
any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is".
Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not PLANET, its
distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any
incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further,
PLANET reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in
the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
To assure continued compliance, use only shielded interface cables when connecting to
computer or peripheral devices. Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency exposure
limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20 cm (8 inches) during normal
operation.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and use it.
However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static electricity
when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and of the computer
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manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of the equipment.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio
interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
WEEE Regulation
To avoid the potential effects on the environment and human health as a result of
the presence of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, end
users of electrical and electronic equipment should understand the meaning of the
crossed-out wheeled bin symbol. Do not dispose of WEEE as unsorted municipal
waste and have to collect such WEEE separately.
Revision
User’s Manual of PLANET Gigabit Multi-Homing VPN Security Gateway
Model: MH-2300
Rev: 1.0 (December, 2014)
Part No. EM-MH-2300_v1.0
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Installation .................................................................. 7
1.1 Hardware Installation...................................................................7
1.2 Basic System Configuration .......................................................7
Chapter 2. System ...................................................................... 14
2.1 Administration............................................................................14
2.1.1 Admin ...........................................................................15
2.1.2 Permitted IPs................................................................17
2.1.3 Logout ..........................................................................17
2.1.4 Software Update...........................................................18
2.2 Configuration .............................................................................18
2.2.1 Settings ........................................................................21
2.2.2 Date / Time....................................................................25
2.2.3 Multiple Subnets ..........................................................26
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.6
2.2.7
2.2.8
Routing Table ...............................................................31
DHCP ............................................................................34
Dynamic DNS ...............................................................36
Host Table.....................................................................37
Language......................................................................38
Chapter 3. Interface .................................................................... 39
3.1 Interface ......................................................................................39
3.1.1 Examples of Interface..................................................44
Chapter 4. Policy Object ............................................................ 73
4.1 Address.......................................................................................73
4.1.1 Examples of Policy Creating.......................................75
4.2 Service ........................................................................................80
4.2.1 Example of Custom Service........................................81
4.2.2 Example of Service Group ..........................................85
4.3 Schedule .....................................................................................86
4.3.1 Examples of Schedule.................................................87
4.4 QoS..............................................................................................89
4.4.1 Example of Bandwidth Limitation ..............................90
4.5 Authentication............................................................................93
4.5.1 Local / Group Authentication......................................99
4.5.2 RADIUS Authentication .............................................102
4.5.3 POP3 Authentication .................................................123
4.5.4 LDAP Authentication .................................................125
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4.6 Application Blocking ...............................................................147
4.6.1 Examples of Blocking ...............................................149
4.7 Virtual Server............................................................................152
4.7.1 Examples of Virtual Server .......................................153
4.8 VPN............................................................................................169
4.8.1 Examples of VPN .......................................................178
Chapter 5. Web Filter................................................................ 305
5.1 Configuration ...........................................................................305
5.1.1 Examples of Web Filter .............................................309
5.2 Reports .....................................................................................319
5.2.1 Statistics.....................................................................323
5.2.2 Logs ............................................................................325
Chapter 6. Policy ...................................................................... 326
6.1 Policy ........................................................................................326
6.1.1 Example ......................................................................330
Chapter 7. Abnormal IP Flow................................................... 348
7.1 Abnormal IP Flow.....................................................................348
7.1.1 Example ......................................................................348
Chapter 8. Monitoring .............................................................. 351
8.1 Logs ..........................................................................................351
8.1.1 Traffic..........................................................................352
8.1.2 Events .........................................................................355
8.1.3 Connections ...............................................................356
8.1.4 Application Blocking .................................................358
8.1.5 Concurrent Sessions.................................................360
8.1.6 Quota ..........................................................................362
8.1.7 Logging Settings .......................................................364
8.2 Traffic Grapher .........................................................................366
8.2.1 WAN Traffic.................................................................367
8.2.2 Policy-based Traffic...................................................369
8.3 Diagnostic Tools ......................................................................371
8.3.1 Ping.............................................................................371
8.3.2 Traceroute ..................................................................374
8.4 Wake-on-LAN............................................................................375
8.4.1 Example ......................................................................375
8.5 Status ........................................................................................376
8.5.1 Interface......................................................................379
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8.5.2
8.5.3
8.5.4
8.5.5
8.5.6
System Info ................................................................381
Authentication............................................................381
ARP Table ...................................................................382
Sessions Info .............................................................383
DHCP Clients..............................................................383
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Chapter 1.
Installation
1.1 Hardware Installation
Front Panel:
Port LED Indications
Power Indicator
Reset Button
Port 1/2/3/4/5
Power Button
Front Panel of the MH-2300
„
„
„
„
Power Indicator: Lights up in green when the power is on.
Port 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 can be defined as:
‹ LAN Port: For connecting to a switch.
‹ WAN Port: For connecting to a perimeter router.
‹ DMZ Port: For providing the public with services, such as email or
Web, using a physically-separated network segment, while at the
same time preventing any potential security threats.
Power Button: For turning MH-2300 on or off.
Reset Button: For resetting MH-2300 to factory default settings.
1. Port LED Indications:
„ Flashing indicates the packets are processed through the
device. Amber indicates a link speed at 10/100 Mbps. Green
indicates a link speed at 1000 Mbps.
2. The reset button is an SMT component; please don't press it too
hard. Otherwise, damage to reset function may happen.
1.2 Basic System Configuration
Step 1. Connect the IT administrator’s network adaptor and MH-2300’s LAN
port to the same hub / switch, and then launch a browser (IE or Firefox)
to link the management interface at http://192.168.1.1.
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Step 2. The browser prompts you for the login credentials. (Both are “admin”
by default.)
Typing in the User Name and Password
Step 3. The user interface consists of the following two panels:
„ Menu Panel: Presents all the available system configurations in a
tree directory structure. (See Overview of Functions for further
details)
„ Configuration Panel: Displays the data or configurable settings
of the corresponding item selected on the Menu Panel.
The MH-2300’s Management Interface
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For your reference, you may configure your management address based on the
available subnet ranges below.
10.0.0.0 ~ 10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 ~ 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 ~
192.168.255.255
Step 4. At the first login, you will be guided through the basic settings that are
required to install MH-2300 by the wizard.
The Install Wizard
Step 5. Select the language and character encoding for your management
interface.
Selecting the Language and Default Character Encoding
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The default encoding will be applied to the data of unspecified encoding.
Port Configuration
Step 1. Configure the LAN settings: (according to your network infrastructure).
„ Physical Connection: Select “Port1 (LAN1)”.
„ Interface Type: Select “LAN”.
„ Connection Type: Select “NAT Routing”.
„ Specify the IPv4 Address and Netmask.
Configuring the LAN Interface Settings
The access to the management interface is subject to the LAN interface.
Therefore, enter the management address to a Web browser correspondingly if
any changes have been made to the LAN interface.
Step 2. Configure the WAN Interface (please refer to your ISP for the details).
„ Select “Port 5 (WAN 1)” for Physical Connection.
„ Select “WAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select your Connection Type.
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„
Complete the remaining fields according to your network.
Configuring the WAN Interface Settings
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Step 3. Tick the box of “Synchronize to an NTP server” to ensure the
accuracy of system clock.
Configuring the System Clock Settings
Step 4. Tick the box of “Outgoing” to create a policy for outgoing traffic.
Creating an Outgoing Network Policy
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1. After the completion of wizard, an outgoing network policy is created
correspondingly under Policy > Outgoing.
„ Source Address is defaulted to “Inside_Any”.
„ Destination Address is defaulted to “Outside_Any”.
„ Service is defaulted to “Any”.
The Policy Allowing LAN Users to Access External Network Resources
2. To allow Internet access to LAN users, assign their PCs with static IP addresses
within the same subnet as MH-2300 as well as designate MH-2300 as the default
gateway. Otherwise, enable DHCP service to automatically distribute IP
addresses to them. LAN traffic can be regulated by means of network policies if
desired.
Step 5. This step confirms what interface addresses have been assigned to
MH-2300.
Confirmation on Interface Settings
Step 6. Installation is completed after clicking Finish from the previous step.
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Chapter 2.
System
2.1 Administration
This chapter will cover the configuration of Admin, Permitted IPs, Software
Update and Logout. The default administrator serves as a system administrator,
who is allowed to modify configuration, monitor operational status, and access
system reportings, whereas sub-administrators are subject to the access
privileges permitted. A sub-administrator with full privileges can be seen as a
system administrator.
Terms in Admin
Admin Name
„ The authentication name for system login.
„ The login credentials for the system administrator are both defaulted to
“admin”, which are not available for medication or deletion.
Access Privilege
„ The system administrator “admin” is allowed to modify configuration,
manage administrative accounts, and access system reporting.
„ The capability of a sub-administrator is subject to the access privileges
permitted. The access privilege of a sub-administrator can be specifically
assigned on an individual basis. It is suggested to assign a
sub-administrator with either “Read” or “Read/View” privilege (“View”
allows for accessing system reporting).
Password / New Password / Confirm Password
„ Add or modify the password of an administrative account.
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2.1.1 Admin
2.1.1.1 Adding a Sub-Administrator
Step 1. Under System > Administration > Admin, set as shown below:
„ Click the New Sub-Admin button to create a new
sub-administrator.
„ Specify the login credentials, respectively.
„ Repeat the Password in the Confirm Password field.
„ Tick Read under the Access Privilege section.
„ Click OK.
Adding a Sub-Admin
Hierarchical management can be achieved by assigning the access
privilege such as read/ write access to a system setting or the
browsing of log contents to the sub-administrator specifically on an
individual basis.
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2.1.1.2 Modifying the Password
Step 1. Under System > Administration > Admin, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to the administrative account to be
modified.
„ Enter the current and the new passwords, respectively.
„ Repeat the Password in the Confirm Password field.
„ Select the Access Privilege.
„ Click OK.
Modifying the Password and Access Privileges
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2.1.2 Permitted IPs
2.1.2.1 Adding a Permitted IP
Step 1. Under System > Administration > Permitted IPs, click New Entry and
then set as shown below:
„ Specify a name for the permitted IP.
„ Select “IPv4” for IP Version.
„ Enter the IP address.
„ Enter the netmask. (“255.255.255.255” indicates a single IP
address)
„ Access by / via : Select Ping/ Tracert, HTTP and HTTPS.
„ Click OK.
Adding a Permitted IPs
1.
2.
For Permitted IPs to be effective, it requires to uncheck the boxes of
Ping, HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet and SSH.
At least a permitted IP must be configured prior to the cancellation of
HTTP and HTTPS boxes; otherwise, the management interface will be
inaccessible.
2.1.3 Logout
2.1.3.1 Logging out the System
Step 1. Click Logout under System > Logout to prevent system from
unauthorized access or being tampered with.
Step 2.
Logging out the System
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Confirming to Log Out
Step 3. A message is shown after confirming the logout.
The Logout Message
2.1.4 Software Update
Step 1. To run a software update, go to System > Administration > Software
Update and follow the steps below:
„ Click Browse to locate the software.
„ Click OK to proceed the update.
Updating the Software
The update takes several minutes to run through and is followed by a reboot.
During the process, DO NOT TURN OFF THE POWER, DISCONNECT THE
INTERNET, or CLOSE THE BROWSER. Any of the three will cause
unexpected errors to the system.Therefore, running the update locally is
strongly recommended.
2.2 Configuration
This chapter will cover the configuration of Settings, Date / Time, Multiple
Subnets, Routing Table, DHCP, Dynamic DNS, Host Table, and Language.
Terms in Settings
System Settings
„ Allowed for importing / exporting the system configuration file and resetting
system to factory default settings.
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Configuration File Backup and Restore Utility
„ Allowed for performing backups of system configuration and restore from a
specific date (depending on the availability of backup). This feature
efficaciously helps avert the corruption or damage of system configuration
file.
„ The backup can be achieved automatically at 00 : 00 hours on a daily basis
or manually in a timely manner.
„ All configuration file backups can be downloaded onto a local computer for
archival purpose.
Name Settings
„ Type a device name and your company name, respectively.
Email Notification Settings
„ When enabled, system notification and reporting can be emailed to the
designated recipient(s).
Syslog Message Settings
„ Allowed for sending syslogs generated by system operation.
Management Interface Settings
„ Enables the device to be remotely accessed through a browser over
connection protocols, including HTTP(S), Telnet, and SSH. The port
number for each protocol is customizable according to your needs.
„ Specify a period of time in the Idle Timeout field to automatically log out an
idle administrative account (“idle” refers to no action is performed).
„ Specify an amount of time to limit the consecutive failed login attempts and
a period of time to block the IP address of a user who has exceeded the
limit.
Once the HTTP(S) port for external access has been modified, then it will require
appending the new port number to the management address to access the
system, such as http://61.62.108.172:8080 or https://61.62.108.172:1025.
SIP/ H.323 NAT Traversal Settings
„ Allowed for enabling SIP or H.323 NAT traversal.
System Reporting Storage Time
„ Assign a storage time for the system utilization info under Monitoring >
Status > System Info.
Page Display Configurations
„ Determine the items displayed per page for policy objects and operation
logs (e.g., Web filtering, etc.).
„ Determine the default charset for generating system reporting. It is
intended for data with unspecified encoding.
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Device Reboot
„ The MH-2300 unit can be manually rebooted or scheduled to reboot at a
specified time.
Terms in Date / Time
Synchronization Settings
„ The system clock can be synchronized to an NTP server or a local
computer.
GMT
„ It is short for Greenwich Mean Time, the international standard time.
Daylight Saving Time
„ Daylight saving time (DST; also summer time) is the portion of a year in
which a region's local time is advanced by an hour from its standard official
time.
Terms in Multiple Subnets
Name
„ Specify a name for the subnet.
Interface
„ Designate an interface (i.e., LAN or DMZ) that the subnet connects to.
IP Version
„ Specify the IP addressing method used.
Alias IP Address (IPv6 Address) / Netmask(Prefix Length)
„ Specify the corresponding IP address range.
Terms in Routing Table
Static Routing
„ Provides a static route based on the adminisrator’s configuration settings
or a default route.
„ Provides IPv4/ IPv6 addressing capability.
Terms in DHCP
Static IP Assignment
„ Allowed for distributing IP addresses to internal PCs based on their MAC
address.
Terms in Dynamic DNS
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Domain Name
„ The domain name registered at a dynamic DNS provider.
Real IP Address
„ The real IP address that the domain name corresponds to.
Terms in Host Table
Hostname
„ A user-definable name for a host that is accessible to internal users.
IP Version
„ Specify the IP addressing method used.
IP Address
„ A LAN or DMZ IP address that the host name corresponds to.
2.2.1 Settings
2.2.1.1 Exporting System Settings
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Settings, set as shown below:
„ Click
under the System Settings section.
„ The configuration will download automatically.
Exporting System Settings as a File
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2.2.1.2 Importing System Settings
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Settings, set as shown below:
under the System Settings section.
„ Click
„ In the Choose file dialogue box, select the configuration file and
then click Open.
„ Click OK.
„ Click OK to confirm importing the file.
Selecting the System Settings File to Import
Confirming to Import the System Settings
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2.2.1.3 Resetting the System to Factory Settings
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Settings, set as shown below:
„ Tick Reset to factory default settings under the System
Settings section.
„ Click OK at the lower right corner to proceed.
„ Click OK in the confirmation box to execute the procedure.
Resetting the System to Factory Default Settings and Formatting the USB Disk
Confirming to Restore System Settings
2.2.1.4 Enabling Email Notifications
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Settings, set as shown below:
„ Under the Name Settings section:
z Type your company name in the Company Name field.
z Type a name in the Device Name field.
„ Under the Email Notification Settings section:
z Tick Enable email notifications.
z Sender Address: Type a sender address. (Some IPs
demand a sender address for email deliveries)
z SMTP Server: Type the IP address of SMTP server.
z Email Address 1: Type the email address of the first
recipient.
z Email Address 2: Type the email address of the second
recipient.
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„
Click OK at the lower right corner to complete configuration.
Enabling the Email Notifications
1. Click the Send Test Mail button to test the validity of email address 1 and 2.
2. To enable SMTP authentication, tick the box of Enable SMTP authentication
and then configure its corresponding settings.
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2.2.1.5 Rebooting the MH-2300
Step 1. To reboot the MH-2300, go to System > Configuration > Settings
and set as shown below:
„ Under the Device Reboot section, click
at the
middle bottom of the screen.
„ A confirmation dialogue box appears and asks “Are you sure you
want to reboot the system?
„ Click OK to reboot or Cancel to abort.
Clicking the Button to Reboot the System
2.2.2 Date / Time
2.2.2.1 Setting the System Clock
Step 2. Under System > Configuration > Date/Time, set as shown below:
„ Configure the GMT offset.
„ Tick the box of Synchronize to an NTP server.
„ Type the IP address of the Internet time server in the Server IP or
Hostname field.
„ Set an interval time to update system clock.
„ Click OK.
„
The System Clock Settings
1. Click Sync to synchronize the system clock with that on a local computer.
2. For assistance in configuring GMT offset and NTP sever, click Assist Me
next to the corresponding setting.
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2.2.3 Multiple Subnets
2.2.3.1 Allows Internal Users to Access the Internet via NAT or
Routing
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only.)
Configure Port 1 as LAN 1 (192.168.1.1 in NAT Routing mode) to connect it to
the LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24.
Configure Port 2 as WAN 1 (10.10.10.1) and connect it to the ISP router
(10.10.10.2); the subnet distributed by the local ISP is 162.172.50.0/24.
Packets traveling to an extermal network via Port 2 will carry the private IP of
10.10.10.1, which is translated into the mapped address of 162.172.50.1 for
signature definition updates.
Configure Port 3 as WAN 2 (211.22.22.22) and connect it to the ADSL
Termination Unit Remote (ATUR) to access the Internet.
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Multiple Subnets, set as shown
below:
„ Specify a name for the subnet.
„ Interface: Select “Port1 (LAN1)”.
„ IP Version: Select “IPv4”.
„ Alias IP Address: Type “162.172.50.1”
„ Netmask: Type “255.255.255.0”
„ Click OK.
Adding a Subnet
Subnet Successfully Added
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For adding a subnet in a different network, please create corresponding policies
for network interconnection, such as LAN-to-LAN or DMZ-to-DMZ. To do so,
select “Inside Any” (or DMZ any) for both Source Address and Destination
Address, and then select “Any” for Service when configuring a LAN-to-LAN /
DMZ-to-DMZ policy.
Step 2. Under Network > Interface, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to the Port 2.
„ For Interface Type, select WAN, and specify its corresponding
network addresses. (refer to your ISP)
„ For NAT Redirection, select “A designated IP” and then enter
“162.172.50.1”.
Modifying the WAN Interface
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Step 3. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN, set as shown below:
The Address Settings for LAN Subnets
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Step 4. Go to Policy > Outgoing and configure the following settings:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Source Address: Specify a name for the outgoing policy, e.g.,
“LAN 1_Subnet1”.
„ Action: Tick the box of “Permit all outgoing connections”.
„ Click Advanced Settings.
„ Under the IP Redirection section, select “Automatic” for Port 2
(WAN1) and Port3 (WAN2).
„ Click OK.
„ Click New Entry.
„ Source Address: Specify a name for the outgoing policy, e. g.,
“LAN 2_Subnet 2”.
„ Action: Tick the box of “Permit all outgoing connections”.
„ Under the IP Redirection section, select “Routing” for Port 2
(WAN1) and select “Automatic” for Port 3 (WAN2).
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the First LAN Address Settings
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Creating a Policy to Apply the Second LAN Address Settings
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Step 5. The Internet access for LAN 1 users is illustrated as shown below:
The Deployment of Multiple LAN Subnets to Access the Internet
1. The subnet 192.168.1.x/24 now can be connected to the Internet through
WAN 1/WAN 2 interface via NAT.
2. The subnet 162.172.50.x/24 now can be connected to the Internet through
WAN 1 interface via routing or through WAN 2 interface via NAT.
2.2.4 Routing Table
2.2.4.1 Enabling Two Networks Connected by a Router to
Access the Internet via MH-2300
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Company A: Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.1.1 in NAT Routing mode) and
is connected to the LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24, which has a subnet
192.168.10.x/24 connected to Router 1 (10.10.10.1 with RIPv2). The LAN
interface connected to Router 1 is 192.168.1.252.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Port 3 is defined as WAN 2 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Company B is using Router 2 (10.10.10.2 with RIPv2) with the subnet
192.168.20.x/24 connected to it.
A leased line connects Company A’s Router 1 (10.10.10.1) with Company B’s
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Router 2 (10.10.10.2).
Step 1. Go to System > Configuration > Routing Table and then set as
shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ IP Version : Select “IPv4”.
„ IP Address: Type “192.168.10.0”.
„ Netmask: “255.255.255.0”.
„ Gateway : “192.168.1.252”.
„ Interface : Select “Port 1 (LAN1)”.
„ Click OK.
„ Click New Entry.
„ IP Version : Select “IPv4”.
„ IP Address: Type “192.168.20.0”.
„ Netmask: “255.255.255.0”.
„ Gateway : “192.168.1.252”.
„ Interface : “Port1 (LAN1)”.
„ Click OK.
„ Click New Entry.
„ IP Version : Select “IPv4”.
„ IP Address: Type “10.10.10.0”.
„ Netmask: Type “255.255.255.0”.
„ Gateway : Type “192.168.1.252”.
„ Interface : Select “ Port1 (LAN1)”.
„ Click OK.
Adding the First Static Routing Address
Adding the Second Static Routing Address
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Adding the Third Static Routing Address
Static Routing Addresses Successfully Added
For adding a subnet in a different network, please create corresponding policies
for network interconnection, such as LAN-to-LAN or DMZ-to-DMZ. To do so,
select “Inside Any” (or DMZ any) for both Source Address and Destination
Address, and then select “Any” for Service when configuring a LAN-to-LAN /
DMZ-to-DMZ policy.
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Step 2. The LAN subnets of 192.168.10.x/24, 192.168.20.x/24 and
192.168.1.x/24 are interconnected and are connected to the Internet
through MH-2300 via NAT.
The Deployment of Multiple LAN Subnets to Access the Internet via Routing
2.2.5 DHCP
2.2.5.1 Automatically Allocating IP Addresses to LAN PCs
Step 1. Go to System > Configuration > DHCP and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the radio box of “Enable DHCP”.
„ Untick the box of “Obtain DNS server address automatically”.
„ IPv4 DNS Server 1: Type an IP as the primary DNS Server.
„ IPv4 DNS Server 2: Type an IP as the secondary DNS Server.
„ IPv4 WINS Server 1: Type an IP as the primary WINS Server.
„ IPv4 WINS Server 2: Type an IP as the secondary WINS Server.
„ Lease Time :Type a lease time for the allocated IP addresses (24
hours by default).
„ Configure the following settings based on your LAN or DMZ
subnet:
‹ IPv4 Range 1 : Specify the first range of the IP pool (must be
within the same subnet). By default, it is between
192.168.1.2 and 192.168.1.254.
‹ IPv4 Range 2: Specify the second range of the IP pool (must
be within the same subnet and not repeated from those in
the first range).
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„
Click OK.
Configuring the DHCP Server to Automatically Distribute IP Addresses
When the box of “Obtain DNS server address automatically” is ticked, the
primary DNS server on LAN PCs will be defaulted to MH-2300’s LAN interface
address. This feature is recommended for the Internet access through a local
authentication. (Users are redirected to the authentication screen for the attempt
to access the Internet.)
2.2.5.2 Manually Allocating an IP Address to a LAN PC
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > DHCP, set as shown below:
„
„
Click
Click New Entry.
.
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„
„
„
From the drop-down list, select the Interface and IP Version
based on the LAN user, respectively.
Specify the IP address and MAC address in the corresponding
fields.
Click OK to complete the settings.
Configuring the DHCP Server to Distribute an IP Address
1.
For the convenience of configuration, the MAC address is also obtainable
by clicking the Clone MAC Address button.
2.
The DHCP-distributed IP addresses listed under System > Configuration
> DHCP are available for export and import. The IP addresses may be exported
for editing and archival purposes and imported in the event of data loss.
2.2.6 Dynamic DNS
Step 1. Go to System > Configuration > Dynamic DNS and then set as
shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Select a Service Provider from the drop-down list.
„ Tick the box of “Use the IP of” and then select a WAN port from
the drop-down list.
„ Type your Username, Password and Domain Name based on
your DDNS service.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Dynamic DNS Settings
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Dynamic DNS Settings Successfully Added
1. The description of the symbols used in Dynamic DNS are as follows:
Symbol
Description
Connection
Connection
Connected
Successful
Failed
2.
If you do not have a Dynamic DNS account, you may select a service
provider from the drop-down list and then click Sign up next to it to register an
account.
3.
The Real IP Address can be specified by either ticking the box of “Use the
IP of” or simply entering the address in the field.
2.2.7 Host Table
Step 1. Go to System > Configuration > Host Table and then set as shown
below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Hostname: Specify a name for the host.
„ IP Version: Select “IPv4”.
„ IP Address: Type the private IP address that the host is mapped
to.
„ Click OK.
Adding a Hostname
Host Table requires the Preferred DNS server on the local PCs to be specified
as the same as the LAN or DMZ interface address to be effective. For further
information on configuring Preferred DNS server, please refer to:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows-vista/Change-TCP-IP-settings
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2.2.8 Language
2.2.8.1 Switching the System Language
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Language, you may switch the
language of the user interface.
The Language Settings
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Chapter 3.
Interface
3.1 Interface
This chapter will cover the configuration of network interfaces as well as their
connection methods. The interfaces are allowed for defining as different
network types (LAN, WAN and DMZ) and being grouped together according to
your topology plan, which helps assist in network management.
Terms in Settings
DNS Settings
„ Assign the DNS servers for domain name resolution.
MTU Setting
„ The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) controls the maximum buffer size
used for inter-node communication in bytes. By default, it is 1500 bytes.
Incoming Packet Header Logging
„ When enabled, packets destined to or originated from MH-2300 are logged
in details, which are available under Monitoring > Logs > Traffic.
Terms in Interface
Load Balancing Mode
„ Auto: Distributes sessions according to the utilization of each NIC port,
perfectly suited for multiple WAN links at different speeds.
„ Round-Robin: Distributes sessions across NIC ports at a one-to-one ratio,
perfectly suited for multiple WAN links at the same speed.
„ By Traffic: Distributes sessions by the total traffic processed by each NIC
port.
„ By Session: Distributes sessions based on the saturation threshold of
each NIC port.
„ By Packet: Distributes sessions based on the total packets processed by
each NIC port.
„ By Source IP: Distributes sessions over the same NIC ports for services
that requires IP persistence, such as gaming and banking.
„ By Destination IP: Distributes sessions over the NIC port that a server
session was last initiated.
Port
„ The sequential number of a physical port.
Interface Designation
„ The system-assigned name based on the selected interface type.
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Interface Type
„ The network interface is categorized into four types:
‹ Local Area Network (LAN)
‹ Wide Area Network (WAN)
‹ Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
LAN Connection Type (only configurable for WANs)
„ It has three connection types, namely:
‹ NAT Routing: Allows private IP addresses (available and valid ones)
to be translated into public addresses based on network policy.
‹ Transparent Bridging: Allows internal users to access a specific
networking device in a different network based on network policy
through the default gateway. Note: This type requires configuring
Interface Group settings under Network.
‹ Transparent Routing: Provides internal users with direct access to
the Internet due to being in the same subnet range.
IPv4 Settings
„ Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth revision in the development
of the Internet Protocol (IP) and it is by far the most widely deployed
Internet Layer protocol.
„ IPv4 addresses are written in dot-decimal notation, which consists of the
four octets of the address expressed in decimal and separated by periods,
such as 192.168.1.1.
„ Please configure the IPv4 Address, Netmask and MAC Address fields
according to your network addresses.
IPv6 Settings
„ Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is called the “IP Next Generation” (IPng),
which is designed to fix the shortcomings of IPv4, such as data security
and maximum number of user addresses. It is backward compatible and
thus expected to slowly replace IPv4, with the two existing side by side for
many years.
„ IPv6 address represent itself as text string using the following three
conventional forms:
‹ Colon-hexadecimal form: This is the preferred form n:n:n:n:n:n:n:n.
Each n represents the hexadecimal value of one of the eight 16-bit
elements of the address. For example:
21DA:00D3:0000:2F3B:02AA:00FF:FE28:9C5A
‹ Compressed form: It is used to simplify writing addresses that
contains a long string of zeros, use the compressed form, in which a
single contiguous sequence of 0 blocks are represented by a
double-colon symbol (::). This symbol can appear only once in an
address. For example, the unicast address FE80:0:0:0:2AA: FF:
FE9A:4CA2 in compressed form is FE80:: 2AA:FF:FE9A:4CA2.
‹ Mixed form:
z IPv4-compatible addresses: The IPv4-compatible address,
0:0:0:0:0:0:w.x.y.z or ::w.x.y.z (where w.x.y.z is the dotted decimal
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„
„
representation of a public IPv4 address), is used by IPv6/IPv4
nodes that are communicating with IPv6 over an IPv4
infrastructure. When the IPv4-compatible address is used as an
IPv6 destination, the IPv6 traffic is automatically encapsulated
with an IPv4 header and sent to the destination using the IPv4
infrastructure.
z IPv4-mapped addresses: The IPv4-mapped address,
0:0:0:0:0:FFFF:w.x.y.z or ::FFFF:w.x.y.z, represents an IPv4-only
node to an IPv6 node. For example, ::ffff:192.0.2.128 is the
IPv4-mapped IPv6 address for IPv4 address 192.0.2.128.
The leading bits in the address define the specific IPv6 address type. The
variable-length field containing these leading bits is called a Format Prefix
(FP). An IPv6 unicast address is divided into two parts. The first part
contains the address prefix (also known as subnet prefix such as
21DA:D3:0:2F3B::/64), and the second part contains the interface identifier
(MAC address).
‹ A concise way to express an IPv6 address/prefix combination is as
follows: Ipv6-address/prefix-length. For example, an IPv6 address with
a 64-bit prefix is represented as 3FFE:FFFF:0:CD30:0:0:0:0/64 or
cormpressed as 3FFE:FFFF:0:CD30::/64.
‹ Although prefixes can be defined along bit boundaries, the colon
hexadecimal notation for IPv6 addresses is expressed along nibble
(4-bit) boundaries. To properly express a subnet with a prefix where its
prefix length is not a multiple of 4, you must complete hexadecimal to
binary conversions to determine the appropriate subnet identifier. For
example, to express the subnet of the address and prefix of
21DA:D3:0:2F3B:2AA:FF:FE28:9C5A/59, you must convert the “3” in
“2F3B” to binary (0011), divide the nibble between the third and fourth
binary digits, and then convert back to hexadecimal. The result is the
subnet identifier of 21DA:D3:0:2F20::/59.
IPv6 address is classified into three types:
‹ Unicast address:
z Link-local addresses: These addresses are used on a single link
and have the following format: FE80::InterfaceID. Link-local
addresses are used primarily at startup and when the system has
not yet acquired addresses of larger scope. They are analogous
to IPv4’s RFC 3927 addresses (169.254.0.0/16).
z Site-local addresses: These addresses are used on a single site
and have the following format: FEC0::SubnetID:InterfaceID. The
site-local addresses are used for addressing inside a site without
the need for a global prefix. They are analogous to IPv4's
RFC1918 addresses (10.0.0.0/8, 172.16.0.0/12, 192.168.0.0/16).
z Global IPv6 unicast addresses: These addresses can be used
across the Internet and have the following format: 010 (FP, 3 bits)
TLA ID (13 bits) Reserved (8 bits) NLA ID (24 bits) SLA ID (16 bits)
InterfaceID (64 bits).
‹ Multicast address: An identifier for a set of interfaces (typically
belonging to different nodes). A packet sent to this address is delivered
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‹
to all the interfaces identified by the address. The multicast address
types supersede the IPv4 broadcast addresses. They are prefixed with
FF (that is, the first bits are 11111111) such as FF02::1 for all nodes
address, FF02::2 for all routers address, etc.
Anycast address: An identifier for a set of interfaces (typically
belonging to different nodes). A packet sent to this address is delivered
to only one interface identified by the address. This is the nearest
interface as identified by routing metrics.
Converting an MAC address (00-AA-00-3F-2A-1C) to EUI-64 format:
„
FF-FE is inserted between the third and fourth bytes. This yields
00-AA-00-FF-FE-3F-2A-1C.
„
The U/L bit, which is the seventh bit in the first byte, is complemented. The
first byte in binary form is 00000000. When the seventh bit is
complemented, it becomes 00000010 (0x02).
„
The result, 02-AA-00-FF-FE-3F-2A-1C, is converted to colon-hexadecimal
notation, yielding the interface identifier 2AA:FF:FE3F:2A1C. Thus, in this
example, the link-local address that corresponds to the network adapter
with the MAC address of 00-AA-00-3F-2A-1C is
FE80::2AA:FF:FE3F:2A1C.
MAC Address
„ Configure the MAC address accordingly.
Any IP Routing
„ When enabled, no network configuration (IP address, netmask, default
gateway, DNS settings, etc.) is required for users to access the Internet.
„ Saves the hassle of configuring network settings for both users and the
administrator.
1.
2.
For hoteliers (hotel, inn, B&B, etc.) to provide customers with Internet
service.
This feature is not intended for an office scenario. There could be an IP
conflict issue due to the same LAN IP address.
Any IP Routing is subject to and only configurable for LAN interfaces.
Ping / Tracert
„ When ticked, the network can be detected by ping/tracert command.
HTTP
„ When ticked, the management interface is available for access via HTTP
protocol.
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HTTPS
„ When ticked, the management interface is available for access via HTTPS
protocol.
Telnet
„ When ticked, the management interface is available for access via Telnet
protocol.
SSH
„ When ticked, the management interface is available for access via SSH
protocol.
WAN Connection Type (only configurable for WAN)
„ There are three connection types:
‹ Static IP Address (Leased Line User)
‹ Dynamic IP Address (Cable Modem User)
‹ PPPoE (ADSL Dial-up User)
Keepalive Properties Type
„ The two verification methods for Internet availability are listed as follows:
‹ ICMP: Verifies the Internet availability by pinging a specific IP address.
‹ DNS: Verifies the Internet availability by requesting a specific domain
name.
NAT Redirection
„ Translates private IP addresses into public addresses.
‹ Auto-configuration: The public address is automatically designated
to the IP address of an active WAN link.
‹ A designated IP: The public address is manually designated to the IP
address of an available WAN link.
Max. Downstream & Upstream Bandwidth
„ Specify a proper bandwidth separately for downstream and upstream
operations.
Disconnect if idle for…minutes
„ Specify an idle timeout to automatically disconnect the Internet via PPPoE
dial-up connection. Type “0” to stay connected or a value from 1 to 99,999
(time unit: minute) for disconnection.
DMZ Connection Type (only configurable for DMZ)
„ Please refer to “LAN Connection Type”.
Saturated Connections
„ Determines the maximum sessions allowed for each WAN interface when
running in By Traffic, By Session or By Packet mode. New sessions will
be distributed to other WAN interfaces when the value has been exceeded
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Priority
„ The priority of a WAN interface in the connectivity.
Terms in Interface Group
Interface Group
„ Allows for physically isolating network interfaces by NIC teaming. The
feature is intended for a scenario that runs in Transparent Bridging mode
and accesses the Internet via a static IP.
„ Allows for translating private addresses (LAN or DMZ) to a public address
when running in Transparent Bridging mode.
3.1.1 Examples of Interface
3.1.1.1 Modifying the LAN Interface (in NAT Routing Mode)
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Configure Port 1 as LAN 1 (192.168.1.1 in NAT Routing mode)
Step 1. Under Network > Interface, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 1.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “NAT Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Specify the IPv4 Address and Netmask.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Modifying the LAN Interface Settings
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1.
The LAN subnet is defaulted and subject to “192.168.1.x/24”. Therefore,
the access to the management interface requires an IP address from the same
subnet
2.
The management interface may not be accessible once the boxes of HTTP
and HTTPS are unticked prior to the configuration of permitted IP under System
> Administration.
3.1.1.2 Configuring the WAN Interface
Step 1. Under Network > Interface, click Modify corresponding to Port 2
and select WAN for Interface Type.
Step 2. Configure the Keepalive Properties as follows:
„ If “ICMP “is selected as the type, then enter the Alive Indicator
Site IP.
„ If “DNS” is selected as the type, then enter the DNS IP Address
and the Domain Name.
„ Enter the Minimum Interval.
Keepalive Detection Using ICMP
Keepalive Detection Using DNS
Keepalive Properties is used for network connectivity detection. Consequently,
the accuracy of detection is subject to the availability of Alive Indicator Site IP,
DNS IP Address and Domain Name.
Step 3. Configure the Interface Type as follows:
„ When connecting using Static IP Address:
‹ Enter the IP Address, Netmask and Default Gateway.
‹ Enter the Max. Downstream Bandwidth and the Max.
Upstream Bandwidth.
‹ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
‹ Click OK.
„ When connecting using Dynamic IP Address (Cable Modem
User):
‹ Click Renew to obtain an IP address automatically.
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„
‹ Click the Clone MAC Address button to obtain the MAC
Address.
‹ Enter the Username provided by the ISP.
‹ Enter the Domain Name provided by the ISP.
‹ Enter the Max. Downstream Bandwidth and the Max.
Upstream Bandwidth.
‹ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
‹ Click OK.
When connecting using PPPoE (ADSL Dial-Up User):
‹ Enter the Account Name for the connection.
‹ Enter the Password for the connection.
‹ IP Address Obtained from ISP Via: Select “Dynamic”.
‹ Enter the Max. Downstream Bandwidth and the Max.
Upstream Bandwidth.
‹ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
‹ Click OK.
Configuring the Static IP Connection Settings
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Static IP Connection Settings Successfully Completed
Configuring the Dynamic IP Connection Settings
Dynamic IP Connection Settings Successfully Completed
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Configuring the PPPoE Connection Settings
PPPoE Connection Settings Successfully Completed
1.
The DNS server is configurable under Network > Settings.
2.
The management interface is accessible externally (by diagnostic
commands or web browsers) only if the Ping / Tracert, HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet and
SSH settings from a WAN interface are enabled. Nevertheless, it is not
recommended to allow external access to the system via these services due to
the security concerns. If it is necessary to do so, then only permit the access to
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the specific users by their IP address under System > Administration >
Permitted IPs.
3.1.1.3 Using MH-2300 as a Gateway to Manage the Internet
Access to Two LAN Subnets via NAT Routing Mode
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Configure Port1 as WAN1 (61.11.11.11) and connect it to the ADSL modem
(ATUR) to access the Internet.
Configure Port2 as LAN1 (192.168.1.1 in NAT Routing mode) and connect it to
the LAN subnet 192.168.20.x/24, which is translated to 61.11.11.11 (WAN1) for
providing LAN users with Internet access.
Configure Port3 as LAN2 (192.168.2.1 in NAT Routing mode) to connect it to
the LAN subnet 192.168.2.x/24, which is translated to 61.11.11.11 (WAN1) for
providing LAN users with Internet access.
The two LAN subnets are interconnected through network policies.
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Step 1. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 2.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “NAT Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Specify the IPv4 Address and Netmask.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Modifying the LAN Interface Settings
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Step 2. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port3.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “NAT Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Enter the IPv4 Address and the Netmask.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Modifying the LAN Interface Settings
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Step 3. The LAN subnets are now connected to the Internet through WAN 1
(61.11.11.11) via NAT Routing and interconnected through network
policies.
The Deployment of Two NAT-routed LAN Subnets
3.1.1.4 Deploying MH-2300 between a Gateway and Two LAN
Subnets (Separately Running in Transparent Routing
and NAT Routing Modes) to Manage the Internet
Access of Internal Users
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: IP addresses are used as examples
only)
On the existing firewall, specify two LAN subnets, namely 192.168.1.x/24 (with
the gateway set to 192.168.1.1) and 192.168.2.x/24 (with the gateway set to
192.168.2.1)
Configure Port1 as WAN1(192.168.1.2) and connect it to the gateway
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(192.168.1.1).
Specify a static route from 192.168.2.x/24 to 192.168.1.2 (WAN 1).
Configure Port2 as LAN1 (Transparent Routing mode) and connect it to the
LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24 (with the gateway set to 192.168.1.1) for providing
LAN users with Internet access.
Configure Port3 as LAN2 (192.168.2.1 in NAT Routng mode to connect it to the
LAN subnet 192.168.2.x/24 for providing LAN users with Internet access (with
the gateway set to 192.168.2.1). LAN PCs may use the original IP to access the
Internet.
The two LAN subnets are interconnected through network policies.
Step 1. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 2.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “Transparent Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the LAN Interface Settings
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Step 2. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port3.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “NAT Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Enter the IPv4 Address and the Netmask.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the LAN Interface Settings
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Step 3. The LAN subnets of 192.168.1.x/24 and 192.168.2.x/24 are now
interconnected and are connected to the Internet through MH-2300.
The Deployment of LAN Subnets Routed through Transparent and NAT Mode
3.1.1.5 Deploying MH-2300 between a Gateway and Two
Subnets (of which LAN Runs in NAT Routing Mode and
DMZ Runs in Transparent Bridging Mode) to Manage
the Internet Access of Internal Users
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: IP addresses are used as examples
only)
On the existing firewall, specify a LAN subnet 172.16.x.x/16 (with the gateway
set to 172.16.1.1)
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Configure Port1 as LAN1(192.168.1.1 in NAT Routing mode) to connect it to the
LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24, which is translated to 172.16.1.12 (WAN 1) for
providing LAN users with Internet access.
Configure Port2 as WAN1(172.16.1.12) to connect it to the gateway
(172.16.1.1).
Configure Port3 as DMZ1(in Transparent Bridging mode) to connect it to the
LAN subnet 172.16.x.x/16 (with the gateway set to 172.16.1.1) for providing
DMZ users with Internet access.
Step 1. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 1.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “NAT Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Specify the IPv4 Address and Netmask.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Modifying the LAN Interface Settings
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Step 2. Under Network > Interface, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 3.
„ Select “DMZ” for Interface Type.
„ Select “Transparent Bridging” for Connecion Type.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Modifying the DMZ Interface Settings
Step 3. Go to Network > Interface Group and then set as shown below:
„ Select “Group 1” for Port2(WAN1) and Port3(WAN2).
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Interface Group Settings
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Step 4. The DMZ subnet 172.16.x.x/16 is now connected to the Internet
through MH-2300 via Transparent Bridging mode; also, the
NAT-routed LAN subnet 172.16.1.12 is connected to the Internet using
the public IP address.
The 1st Deployment of a DMZ Subnet Routed through Transparent Bridging Mode
1. The DMZ subnet is connected to the Internet through the existing firewall.
2. If Port 4 is configured as WAN 2 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the
ADSL modem (ATUR) to access the Internet, then:
„ Specify DMZ subnet as 172.16.x.x/16
‹ The PCs in the DMZ subnet with the gateway set to 172.16.1.1 are
connected to the Internet using a public IP address via routing
‹ The PCs in the DMZ subnet with the gateway set to 172.16.1.12 are
connected to the Internet using the public IP addresses of WAN 1
(172.16.1.12 is NAT-routed) and WAN 2 (211.22.22.22) via load
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balancing
„ Specify LAN subnet as 192.168.1.x/24:
‹ The PCs in the LAN subnet with the gateway set to 192.168.1.1. are
connected to the Internet using the public IP addresses of WAN 1
(172.16.1.12 is NAT-routed) and WAN 2 (211.22.22.22) via load
balancing.
The 2nd Deployment of a DMZ Subnet Routed through Transparent Bridging Mode
3. If a router and two WAN links are feasible, you may connect two LAN
subnets and Port 3 (DMZ 1) to the router to provide internal users with
Internet access, of which one subnet is routed to WAN 1 gateway and the
other subnet is routed to WAN 2 gateway. The network packets will be
processed according to the routing settings.
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4. If a router is feasible, you may connect two LAN subnets to it to provide the
Internet access using a public IP address via routing.
The 3rd Deployment of a DMZ Subnet Routed through Transparent Bridging Mode
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5. If a router and two WAN links are feasible, you may connect two LAN
subnets and Port 3 (DMZ 1) to the router to provide internal users with
Internet access, of which one subnet is routed to WAN 1 gateway and the
other subnet is routed to WAN 2 gateway. The network packets will be
processed according to the routing settings.
The 4th Deployment of a DMZ Subnet Routed through Transparent Bridging Mode
3.1.1.6 Deploying MH-2300 between a Gateway and Two
Subnets (of which LAN and DMZ Run in Transparent
Bridge Mode) to Manage the Internet Access of Internal
Users
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
On the existing firewall, specify a LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24 (with the gateway
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set to 192.168.1.1). Next, connect WAN port (61.11.11.11) to the ADSL modem
(ATUR) to access the Internet and then run DMZ in Transparet mode.
Configure Port1 as WAN1 (192.168.1.2) and connect it to the gateway
192.168.1.1.
Configure Port2 as LAN1 (in Transparent Bridging mode) and connect it to the
LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24 (with the gateway set to 192.168.1.1) for providing
LAN users with Internet access.
Configure Port3 as WAN2 (61.11.11.12) and connect it to the gateway (the DMZ
subnet).
Configure Port4 as DMZ1 (Transparent Bridging mode) and connect it to the
server in DMZ (using the public IP address of WAN 2). for providing Internet
access via Transparent Bridging mode.
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Step 1. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 1.
„ Select “WAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select your Connection Type.
„ Configure the connection settings.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the WAN Interface Settings
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Step 2. Under Network > Interface, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 2.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “Transparent Bridging” for Connection Type.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Specifying the Connection Type for the LAN Interface
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Step 3. Under Network > Interface, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 3.
„ Select “WAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select your Connection Type.
„ Configure the connection settings.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the WAN Interface Settings
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Step 4. Under Network > Interface, set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 4.
„ Select “DMZ” for Interface Type.
„ Select “Transparent Bridging” for Connection Type.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Specifying the Connection Type for the DMZ Interface
Step 5. Go to Network > Interface Group and then set as shown below:
Select “Group 1” for Port1(WAN1) and Port2(LAN1).
„ Select “Group 2” for Port3(WAN2) and Port4(DMZ1).
„ Click OK.
„
Configuring the Interface Group Settings
After the completion of the above steps, the MH-2300 operates as two
independent switches due to non-interconnected NIC groups, of which Group 1
(Port 1 and 2) provides Internet access to the LAN and Group 2 (Port 3 and 4)
provides Internet access to the DMZ.
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Step 6. The LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24 is now connected to the Internet
through MH-2300; also, the server in the DMZ subnet is accessible by
the public IP address 61.11.11.12 in Transparent Bridging mode.
The Application of NIC Teaming
3.1.1.7 Using MH-2300 as a Gateway to Manage the Internet
Access of Two LAN Subnets Separately via NAT
Routing and Transparent Bridging Modes
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Configure Port1 as WAN1(61.11.11.11) and connect it to the ADSL modem
(ATUR) to access the Internet.
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Configure Port 2 as LAN1 (192.168.1.1 in NAT Routing mode) to connect it to
the LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24 (assumed it is connected to your sales
department) to provide the Internet access using the public IP address
61.11.11.11.
Configure Port3 as LAN2 (192.168.1.1 in Transparent Bridging mode) to
connect it to the LAN subnet 192.168.1.x/24 (assumed it is connected to your
support department) to provide the Internet access using the public IP address
61.11.11.11.
The two LAN subnets are interconnected through network policies.
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Step 1. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 1.
„ Select “WAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select your Connection Type.
„ Configure the connection settings.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the WAN Interface Settings
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Step 2. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 2.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “NAT Routing” for Connection Type.
„ Specify the IPv4 Address and the Netmask.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the LAN Interface Settings
Step 3. Go to Network > Interface and then set as shown below:
„ Click Modify corresponding to Port 3.
„ Select “LAN” for Interface Type.
„ Select “Transparent Bridging” for Connection Type.
„ Tick the boxes of “Ping/ Tracert”, “HTTP” and “HTTPS”.
„ Click OK.
Specifying the Connection Type for the LAN Interface
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Step 4. Go to Network > Interface Group and then set as shown below:
Select “Group 1” for Port1 (WAN1), Port2 (LAN1) and Port3 (LAN2).
„ Click OK.
„
Configuring the Interface Group Settings
The LAN users from within the same subnet may be categorized by their
department using the NIC ports. For example, sales department is connected to
LAN 1 (Port 2) and customer support department is connected to LAN 2 (Port 3).
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Step 5. The sales department from within LAN 1 and the customer support
department from within LAN 2 are now interconnected through
network policies and are connected to the Internet using the public IP
address 61.11.11.11.
The Deployment of LAN Subnets Routed through Bridge and NAT Mode
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Chapter 4.
Policy Object
4.1 Address
This chapter will cover the configuration of Address, which allows for
adding LAN, WAN and DMZ addresses and grouping addresses by purpose.
Each IP address can be assigned a friendly name and could represent a
single host or a network subnet. IP addresses are categorized into three types,
namely internal IP address, external IP address, and DMZ IP address. Group
feature is available for address management to help simplify the process of
applying addresses to network policies.
Once an address setting is created, it is ready for selection from the Source
Address or Destination Address drop-down list in a network policy.
Terms in Address
Name
„ Specify a friendly name for the address setting.
Address Type
„ Specify the address by the netmask, prefix length, IP range or FQDN.
1.
FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) consists of Hostname and Domain
Name. For example, “www.google.com.tw” is a FQDN; in this case, “www” is the
hostname while “google.com.tw” is the domain name.
2.
When it comes to website blocking, it takes more than just a website
mapped IP (especially true for a website like Facebook and Yahoo), a network
subnet, or a blacklist entry. FQDN provides a more effective means to block the
access to a website by automatically parsing out all the mapped IP addresses.
3.
FQDN is particularly designed to solve the shortness in blacklisting or
whitelisting HTTPS and FTP addresses. It is available for configuration in WAN
interfaces and can be applied to network policies.
IP Version
„ The Internet protocol version for the address setting.
IP Address
„ Specify the IP address of a host, or a network subnet, which can be an
internal IP address, external IP address or DMZ IP address.
Netmask
„ Enter 255.255.255.255 to match a single IPv4 address.
„ Enter 255.255.255.0 to match a Class C IPv4 subnet, such as
192.168.100.x.
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Prefix Length
„ Enter 128 to match a single IPv6 address.
„ Enter 64 to match an IPv6 subnet, such as 21DA:D3:0:2F3B.
MAC Address
„ Bind the IP address to its MAC address to help manage the network
access.
Interface
„ Select the subnet that the IP address is located in.
1.
Under Policy Object > Address > WAN Group, the subnets from major
ISPs in China including China Unicom (CHU), China Telecom
(CHINA_TELECOM), China Education (CHINA_EDU) and China Mobile
(CHINA_MOBILE) are added to support policy-based routing capability for the
packets that are destined to any of these ISP networks.
●This feature applies to a specific area only.
2.
The address settings under Policy Object > Address > LAN / DMZ can be
facilitated by clicking the Assist Me to automatically obtain addresses from
Monitor > Status > ARP Table / Sessions Info.
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4.1.1 Examples of Policy Creating
4.1.1.1 Creating a Policy to Allow Specific LAN Users the
Access to FTP Service
Step 1. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN, set as shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Specify a name for the LAN IP address.
„ Address Type: Select either “Specific IP” or “IP range”.
„ IP Version: Select “IPv4” or “IPv6”.
„ IP Address: Specify the IP address of the user. (e.g.,
192.168.3.2)
„ Netmask: Enter “255.255.255.255” to match a single IPv4
address.
„ MAC Address: Click Clone MAC Address to obtain the MAC
address.
„ Select the network subnet (interface) that the address resides in.
„ Click OK.
Adding a LAN Address Entry
LAN Address Successfully Added
1.
The network addresses created under Policy Object > Address > WAN /
LAN / DMZ are available for export and import. You may export the addresses for
editing and archival purposes and import them in the event of data loss.
2.
For your easy configuration, the MAC address is also obtainable by clicking
the Clone MAC Address button.
3.
To manually bind an IP address to a MAC address, use Assign Static IP
under System > Configuration > DHCP.
4.
By default, each type of network has an address setting (i.e., the first
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address entry) for covering the entire subnet, whether it is LAN, WAN, or DMZ.
5.
The configuration of each type of network addresses are the same; yet, the
configuration of MAC address and Interface are not available to WAN address
settings.
Step 2. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then configure as below:
„ Source Address: Select the previously created LAN address.
„ Service : Select “FTP”.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Allow the FTP Access to a LAN User
Policy Successfully Created
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4.1.1.2 Creating a Policy to Allow a Users Group the HTTP
Access
Step 1. Create the LAN addresses to be managed under Policy Object >
Address > LAN.
Creating LAN Addresses
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN Group, set as shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Name: Specify a friendly name for the address group.
„ Select group members from the Available address column on the
left, and then click Add.
„ Click OK.
Grouping the LAN Addresses
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Address Group Successfully Added
The configuration of each type of network address groups are the same.
Step 3. Go to Policy Object > Address > WAN and then configure as shown
below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Name: Specify a name for the address setting.
„ Address Type: Select “Specific IP”.
„ IP Version: Select “IPv4”.
„ IP Address : Enter a public IP address.
„ Click OK.
Adding a WAN Address
WAN Address Successfully Added
How to resolve an IP address of a domain using FQDN feature:
„ Matching a domain keyword: Type a domain keyword in the
FQDN field to resolve the IP address of that domain name. For
example, type “google” to match any domain contains google.
„ Matching a domain prefix: Type the character ”^” in the FQDN
field to match the starting position within the domain. For example,
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the expression “^mail.google” matches the domain beginning with
“mail.google”.
„ Matching a domain postfix: Type the character “$” in the FQDN
field to match the ending position within the domain. For example, the
expression “google.com$” matches the domain end with
“google.com”.
„ Matching an exact domain: Type the characters, “^” and “$”, in
the FQDN field to exactly match the domain, for example, the
expression “^mail.google.com$” only matches the domain
“mail.google.com”.
Step 4. Under Policy > Outgoing, configure as shown below:
„ Source Address: Select the previously created LAN address
group.
„ Destination Address: Select the previously created WAN
address.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Allow the HTTP Access to a Group of LAN Users
Policy Successfully Created
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Address settings are required to apply to network policies to be practical and
effective.
4.2 Service
Network services are provided through TCP and UDP protocols using
different port numbers, such as Telnet port 23, FTP port 21, SMTP port 25,
POP3 port 110, etc. MH-2300 provides TCP and UDP services by the two
following categories:
„
„
Pre-defined: The default TCP and UDP services, which are not
removable.
Custom: The user-definable TCP and UDP services, which allow the
configuration of associated service ports.
Under Policy Object > Service > Group, group the desired services together
and then apply it to a network policy so as to facilitate the management. For
example, to allow a user (a specific IP address) to access five different services
(HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3 and Telnet), it only takes a service group to achieve
the management that originally requires five separate policies.
Terms in Service
Pre-defined
Symbol
Description
Any service that uses TCP or UDP protocol.
Services that use ICMP protocol, such as Ping and
Traceroute.
Services that use TCP protocol: AFPoverTCP, AOL, BGP,
FINGER, FTP, GOPHER, HTTP, HTTPS, InterLocator,
IRC, L2TP, LDAP, MSN, NetMeeting, NNTP, POP3, PPTP,
Real-Media, RLOGIN, SMTP, SSH, TCP-Any, TELNET,
Traceroute, VDO-Live, WAIS, WINFRAME, X-Windows,
etc.
Services that use UDP protocol: DNS, IKE, IMAP, NFS,
NTP, PC-Anywhere, RIP, SNMP, SYSLOG, TALK, TFTP,
UDP-Any, UUCP, etc.
Terms in Custom
Name
„ The name of a custom service.
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Protocol Type
„ The protocol used for device communication. TCP and UDP are the most
commonly used protocols among others.
Client Port
„ The client-end port for protocol communication. It is recommended to use
the default value.
Server Port
„ The server-end port for a custom network service.
4.2.1 Example of Custom Service
4.2.1.1 Creating a Policy to Permit VoIP Telephony between
External and Internal Users via TCP 1720, 15328-15333
and UDP 15328-15333
Step 1. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN / LAN Group, configure the
following settings.
The Address Settings for VoIP Communication
Grouping the LAN Addresses
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Step 2. Under Policy Object > Service > Custom, configure as follows:
„ Name: Specify a name for the service.
„ In row No. 1, select TCP, leave the Client Port unchanged, and
enter 1720 – 1720 for Server Port.
„ In row No. 2, select TCP, leave the Client Port unchanged, and
enter 15328 – 15333 for the Server Port.
„ In row No. 3, select UDP, leave the Client Port unchanged, and
enter 15328 – 15333 for the Server Port.
„ Click OK.
Adding a Custom Service
A Custom Service Successfully Added
1.
For most cases, the client-end port falls between 0 and 65535. It is
recommended to use the default value.
2.
The two fields of Client Port and Server Port can be used to specify a port
range (e.g., 15328:15333) or a single port (e.g., 1720:1720).
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Step 3. Create a custom service under Policy Object > Service > Custom
and then create a corresponding policy under Policy Object > Virtual
Server > Port Mapping.
Service Successfully Applied to the Virtual Server Settings for Providing VoIP Service
Step 4. Under Policy > Incoming, configure as follows:
„ Destination Address: Select the virtual server from the previous
step.
„ Service: Select the pre-defined service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for Allowing Incoming VoIP Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 5. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then configure as follows:
„ Source Address: Select the LAN group.
„ Service: Select the custom service.
„ Action: Select “Port2 (WAN1)”.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for Allowing Outgoing VoIP Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
Service settings are required to apply to network policies to be practical and
effective.
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4.2.2 Example of Service Group
4.2.2.1 Grouping the Services and Creating a Policy to Permit
Users to Access Network Services (HTTP, POP3, SMTP
and DNS)
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > Service > Group, and then set as shown
below:
„ Group Name: Specify a name for the service group.
„ Select HTTP, POP3, SMTP and DNS from the Available
Services column on the left, and then click Add.
„ Click OK.
Grouping the Services
Service Group Successfully Added
Step 2. Go to Policy Object > Address > LAN Group and then create a LAN
address group that is permitted to the network services.
Address Group Successfully Added
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Step 3. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Source Address: Select the LAN address group from the
previous step.
„ Service: Select the service group.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Service Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
4.3 Schedule
This chapter will cover the configuration of Schedule, which allows for
assigning a time slot to each network policy. It helps you to achieve the most
efficient network management.
Terms in Schedule
Name
„ Specify a name for the schedule setting.
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Type
„ Two scheduling methods are available as follows:
‹ Recurring: Policies are executed on the times specified on a weekly
basis.
‹ One-Time: Provides a start and stop time for a single specific druation
based upon the year, month, day, hour and minute.
4.3.1 Examples of Schedule
4.3.1.1 Assigning Daily Internet Access Time Slots for LAN
Users
Step 1. Under Policy Object > Schedule > Settings, set as shown below:
„ Type the name.
„ Mode: Select either Recurring or One-Time.
„ Use the drop-down menus to select the required start and end
time for each day of the week.
„ Click OK.
Adding the Schedule Rule
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Step 2. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Select the pre-defined schedule for Schedule.
„ Click OK.
Applying the Schedule to the Policy
The Completed Policy Settings
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4.4 QoS
This chapter will cover the configuration of QoS, which allows for applying
QoS setting to a network policy to efficaciously allocate and manage the
network bandwidth.
Before Applying QoS to the Network
After Applying QoS to the Network (Maximum: 400 Kbps, Guaranteed: 200 Kbps)
Terms in Settings
Name
„ Specify a name for the QoS setting.
Interface
„ The network interface that QoS is applied to.
Downstream Bandwidth
„ Determine the guaranteed bandwidth and maximum bandwidth of the total
downstream bandwidth.
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Upstream Bandwidth
„ Determine the guaranteed bandwidth and maximum bandwidth of the total
upstream bandwidth.
Priority
„ Prioritize the QoS settings to allocate the bandwidth.
G.Bandwidth
„ Allocate the minimum (guaranteed) amount of bandwidth.
M.Bandwidth
„ Allocate the maximum amount of bandwidth.
4.4.1 Example of Bandwidth Limitation
4.4.1.1 Creating a Policy to Limit Upload and Download
Bandwidth
Step 1. Under Policy Object > QoS > Settings, set as shown below:
„ Click New Entry. Type the Name accordingly.
„ Configure the bandwidth of Port 2 (WAN1) and Port 3 (WAN2).
„ Select the priority for this QoS setting.
„ Click OK.
Adding a QoS Rule
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QoS Rule Successfully Added
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Step 2. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ QoS: Select the QoS setting.
„ Click OK.
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Creating a Policy to Apply the QoS Settings
Policy Successfully Created
Please refer to the Max. Upstream Bandwidth and Max. Downstream
Bandwidth in a WAN interface to create the corresponding QoS settings.
4.5 Authentication
This chapter will cover the configuration of Authentication, which allows for
permitting the network access by verifying the identification via local
authentication, group authentication, or other external authentication
mechanisms, such as RADIUS, POP3 and LDAP.
Terms in Authentication
Authentication Settings
„ The configuration is provided as follows:
‹ Authentication Port: Specify a port number for authentication. By
default, it is 82.
‹ Authentication Idle Timeout: Specify a time to log out an idle user.
By default, it is 30 minutes.
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‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
Log off users that have logged in for: Specify a time for the validity
of authentication. Once expired, users will be logged off.
Disable URL redirection for authentication: To gain an access to
the external network, the internal users should type http://MH-2300 IP
address:authentication port number in the browser and then get
authenticated on their own.
Allow password modification: Once enabled, the local
authentication accounts are allowed to modify their password.
Limit users to a single login session: Once enabled, any
subsequent login attempt to an authentication account is prohibited,
despite whichever the authentication method is.
Identify source IP address by authentication name in the
reportings: Once enabled, the IP addresses of users monitored and
managed by a system feature (e.g., Web Filter, Application Blocking,
etc.) will be identified by their corresponding authentication name.
Disable case-sensitive matching for local authentication: Once
enabled, user authentication using a local account can be case
insensitive.
Pre-Authentication Redirect URL: Enter an URL address for users
to be redirected to prior to the authentication. For this setting to be
practical, the website or webpage that the URL linked to must be
created on your own to embed the authentication scripts or to provide
a hyperlink of
http://your_web_server’s_IP/your_authentication_website_or_webpag
e.html, such as http://210.59.123.456/authentication.html.
Post-Authentication Redirect URL: Enter an URL address for users
to be redirected to after the authentication. You may leave the field
blank (by default) to allow authenticated users direct access to their
desired website.
Upload an image as the background for the authentication screen:
Allows for alternating the background of the authentication window.
Message for authentication users: Compose the message (HTML
supported) for the authentication screen. You may leave the field blank
(by default) to use the system default message.
Message for successful authentications: Compose the message
(HTML supported) for a successful authentication. You may leave the
field blank (by default) to use the system default message.
Message for failed authentications: Compose the message (HTML
supported) for a failed authentication. You may leave the field blank
(by default) to use the system default message.
z Go to Policy Object > Authentication > Settings and then
configure as follows:
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The Authentication Settings
z
The authentication screen shown to a user who attempts to
access the Internet.
The Authentication Prompt Screen
1. The Allow password modification is only applicable to local authentication
accounts under Policy Object > Authentication > Account.
2. The authentication screen is accessible directly at
http://your_management_address: authentication_port_number,
such as http://192.168.139.1:82.
3. Once the Identify source IP address by authentication name in the
reportings is enabled, it will not be applied to the Web Filter reports
(including operation logs and statistical reporting) until the next day.
4. For external user authentication, compose the authentication messages and
configure as follows:
„ Enter the Pre-Authentication Redirect URL that is linked to a website or
webpage which embeds the authentication scripts or provides a hyperlink
of
http://your_web_server_IP/your
_authentication_website_or_webpage.html,
such
as
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http://210.59.123.456/authentication.html.
„ Compose the messages (HTML supported) separately for authentication
users, successful authentications and failed authentications. (Note:
Please copy the system default messages to a text file for backup before
editing.)
„ Users will be redirected to the pre-authentication website or webpage
(click Preview for the authentication template next to Message for
authentication users to build it) that contains the authentication scripts
upon their Internet access.
‹ The successful authentication message is shown when a valid set of
credentials is supplied.
‹ The failed authentication message is shown when an invalid set of
credentials is supplied.
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Composing the Authentication Messages
The Successful Authentication Message
Supplying an Invalid Set of Credentials
Terms in Account
Account Name
„ Specify a name for the local authentication.
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Password
„ Specify a password for the local authentication.
Confirm Password
„ Repeat the password in this field.
Force password change at initial login
„ Once enabled, users will be forced to change their password at the first
login.
The account is valid through
„ Specify a date for the authentication validity.
Terms in RADIUS
RADIUS Server Shared Secret
„ Specify a password for the RADIUS authentication.
Enable 802.1x RADIUS server authentication
„ Once enabled, the RADIUS authentication will perform IEEE 802.1x
port-based network access control.
RADIUS Account
„ List the RADIUS accounts which can be grouped for authentication.
Terms in LDAP
LDAP Base DN
„ Specify a distinguished name for the LDAP server.
LDAP Bind DN
„ Specify a user that is allowed a search within the LDAP directory.
Username
„ Specify a name for the LDAP authentication.
LDAP User Name
„ Group the LDAP users by their department to facilitate authentication.
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4.5.1 Local / Group Authentication
4.5.1.1 Managing Internet Access with A Local Authentication
Group
Step 1. Under Policy Object > Authentication > Account, add the users to
be authenticated.
The User Accounts for Authentication
1.
The local authentication users are available for export and import. You may
export the entries for editing and archival purposes and import them in the event
of data loss.
2.
Local authentication requires the Preferred DNS server on the local PCs to
be specified as same as the LAN interface to be effective. For further information
on configuring Preferred DNS server, please refer to:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows-vista/Change-TCP-IP-settings
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Step 2. Under Policy Object > Authentication > Group, set as shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Group Name: Specify a name for the authentication group.
„ Select group members from the Available Accounts column on
the left, and then click Add.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
The Group Setting for User Authentication
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Step 3. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then configure as follows:
„ Authentication: Select the authentication group.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Authentication Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 4. The group members will be prompted for their authentication
credentials to access the Internet. Click Login to complete the
authentication procedure.
The Authentication Prompt Screen
Step 5. To log out of authentication session, click Logout
Authentication-User in the pop-up window (appeared when being
authenticated; if it has been closed, open it again by going to
http://your_management_address:
authentication_port_number/logout.html, such as
http://192.168.139.11:82/logout.html)
The Authentication Logout Window
4.5.2 RADIUS Authentication
4.5.2.1 Managing Internet Access with a Windows 2008
RADIUS Server
※ Setting up a Windows 2008 RADIUS Server
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Step 1. Go to Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Server Manager.
Next, in the Server Manager tree panel, expand Roles to check the
availability of Network Policy Server (appeared as an installed role
service on the right panel, if not installed, click Add Role Services to
install it.).
Selecting the Server Manager on the Start Menu
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Checking the Availability of Network Policy Server
Step 2. Go to Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Network Policy
Server and then set as shown below:
„ In the NPS (Local) tree panel, expand RADIUS Clients and
Servers, right-click RADIUS Client, and then select New
RADIUS Client.
„ In the New RADIUS Client dialog box, set as shown below:
‹ Tick the box of “Enable this RADIUS client”.
‹ Specify a friendly name for the RADIUS client.
‹ Type in the management address in the Address (IP or DNS)
field.
‹ Vendor name: Select “RADIUS Standard”.
‹ Shared Secret: Select the radio box of “Manual” and specify
the corresponding Shared secret.
‹ Click OK to complete the settings.
„ In the NPS (Local) tree panel, expand Policies, right-click
Network Policies, and then select New.
„ In the New Network Policy dialog box, set as shown below:
‹ Specify a name for the network policy.
‹ Select the radio box of “Type of network access server” and
select “Unspecified” from the corresponding drop-down list.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Add.
‹ In the Select condition dialog box, select “Service Type” and
then click Add.
z In the Service Type dialog box, tick the boxes of
“Framed” and “Authentication Only” and then click OK.
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‹ Click
‹ Tick the box of “Microsoft Encrypted Authentication version 2
(MS-CHAP-v2)”, “Microsoft Encrypted Authentication
(MS-CHAP)”, “Encrypted authentication (CHAP)”, and
“Unencrypted authentication (PAP, SPAP)”.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Edit to change the attribute values of Framed-Protocol
and Service-Type. For Framed-Protocol, select the radio
box of “Commonly used for Dial-Up or VPN” and select
“PPP” from the corresponding drop-down list; for
Service-Type, select the radio box of “Commonly used for
Dial-Up or VPN” and select “Framed” from the corresponding
drop-down list.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Finish to complete the settings.
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Selecting the Network Policy Server on the Start Menu
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Selecting the New RADIUS Client from the Shortcut Menu
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Adding a RADIUS Client
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RADIUS Client Successfully Added
Adding a Network Policy
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Specifying the Policy Name and Connection Type
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Adding a Condition
Scrolling Down to Select Service Type
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Selecting the Service Types
Policy Conditions Successfully Specified
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Granting the Access Permission
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Selecting Authentication Methods
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Configuring Constraints If Needed
Changing the RADIUS Attribute Values
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RADIUS Attribute Values Successfully Changed
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Confirming the Policy Settings
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Network Policy Successfully Added
Step 3. Go to Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Computer
Management and then set as shown below:
„ In the Computer Management (Local) tree panel, expand
System Tools, expand Local Users and Groups, right-click
Users, and then select New User.
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„
In the New User dialog box, set as shown below:
‹ Specify a user name and a password.
‹ Tick the box of “Password never expires”.
‹ Click Create and then click Close to complete the settings.
Selecting the Computer Management on the Start Menu
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Selecting the New User from the Shortcut Menu
Adding a User
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User Successfully Added
Step 4. Under Policy Object > Authentication > RADIUS, configure the
RADIUS Server Settings according to your Windows 2008 RADIUS
server:
Configuring the RADIUS Server Settings
1.
You may click Test Connection to test the connection to your RADIUS
server.
2.
RADIUS account lists the accounts that are obtained from RADIUS server.
The accounts can be grouped for the purpose of authentication accordingly.
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Step 5. Under Policy Object > Authentication > Group, select as shown
below:
The Group Setting for User Authentication
Step 6. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Select the authentication group for Authentication.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Authentication Group Settings
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Policy Successfully Created
Step 7. The group members will be prompted for their authentication
credentials to access the Internet. Click Login to complete the
authentication procedure.
The Authentication Prompt Screen
4.5.3 POP3 Authentication
4.5.3.1 Managing Internet Access with a POP3 Server
Step 1. Under Policy Object > Authentication > POP3, set as shown below:
Adding a POP3 Server
1.
2.
3.
You may click Test Connection to test the connection to your POP3
Server.
To designate the domain name that connects to the POP3 server, tick
Enable domain name filtering.
To process the authentication using POP3s protocol, tick Enable SSL
support.
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Step 2. Go to Policy Object > Authentication > Group and then set as
shown below:
The Group Setting for User Authentication
Step 3. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Authentication: Select the authentication group.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Authentication Group Settings
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Policy Successfully Created
Step 4. The group members will be prompted for their authentication
credentials to access the Internet. Click Login to complete the
authentication procedure.
The Authentication Prompt Screen
4.5.4 LDAP Authentication
4.5.4.1 Managing Internet Access with a Windows 2008 LDAP
Server
※ Setting up a Windows 2008 LDAP Server
Step 1. Go to Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Server Manager
and then set as shown below:
„ In the Server Manager tree panel, right-click Roles and then
select Add Roles.
„ In the Add Roles Wizard dialog box, set as shown below:
‹ Tick the box of “Active Directory Domain Services” under the
Roles section.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Install.
‹ Click Close this wizard and launch the Active Directory
Domain Services Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe).
„ In the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard
dialog box, set as shown below:
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Select the radio box of “Create a new domain in a new
forest”.
‹ Click Next.
‹ FQDN of the forest root domain: Type in “my.com”.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Forest functional level: Select “Windows Server 2008”.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Tick the box of “DNS server”.
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‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
Click Next
Click Next
Specify a password and repeat it to confirm.
Click Next.
Click Next.
Click Finish to complete the settings.
Selecting the Server Manager on the Start Menu
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Adding a Role Service
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Selecting the Active Directory Domain Services
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The Introduction to Active Directory Domain Services
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Confirming the Installation of Active Directory Domain Services
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Launching the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard
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Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard
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Operating System Compatibility
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Choosing a Deployment Configuration
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Naming the Forest Root Domain
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Selecting the Forest Functional Level
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Selecting the DNS Server
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Choosing the Location for Database, Log Files and SYSVOL
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Specifying a Password for the Directory Services Restore Mode
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A Summary for Reviewing Your Selections
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Completing the Active Directory Domain Services Installation
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Step 2. Go to Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Active Directory
Users and Computers and then set as shown below:
„ In the Active Directory Users and Computers tree panel,
expand my.com (or the name of your forest root domain),
right-click Users, select New, and then select User.
„ In the New Object-User dialog box, set as shown below:
‹ Type in the First name, Full name, User logon name and
User logon name for pre-Windows 2000 respectively.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Specify a password and repeat it to confirm.
‹ Tick the box of “Password never expires”.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Click Finish to complete the settings.
Selecting the Active Directory Users and Computers on the Start Menu
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Adding a New User
Typing in the User Information
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Confirming the User Information
Step 3. Go to Policy Object > Authentication > LDAP and then set as shown
below:
Configuring LDAP Server Settings
1.
2.
You may click Test Connection to test the connection to your LDAP server.
Once the LDAP server is successfully connected to MH-2300, users will be
listed on the LDAP User Name table.
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Step 4. Go to Policy Object > Authentication > Group and then set as
shown below:
The Group Setting for User Authentication
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Step 5. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Select the authentication group for Authentication.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Authentication Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
Step 6. The group members will be prompted for their authentication
credentials to access the Internet. Click Login to complete the
authentication procedure.
The Authentication Prompt Screen
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4.6 Application Blocking
This chapter will cover the configuration of Application Blocking, which
allows for blocking the use of instant messaging, peer-to-peer file sharing,
multimedia streaming, web-based email messaging, online gaming, VPN
tunneling and remote controlling applications, as well as customizing their
signatures.
Terms in Application Blocking
Application Signatures Settings
„ The application signatures can be manually or automatically updated (on
an hourly basis). Each update will display the time of update and the
version number of signatures.
Instant Messenger Login
„ Tick the boxes of messengers to be blocked. The options currently
available are MSN, Yahoo, ICQ/AIM, QQ, Skype, Google Talk, Gadu-Gadu,
Rediff, Web IM, AliSoft, BaiduHi, SinaUC, Fetion, Facebook Chat, Camfrog,
LINE, WhatsApp, and Viber.
File Transfer over IM
„ Tick the boxes of messengers to be blocked for file transfer. The options
currently available are MSN, Yahoo, ICQ/AIM, QQ, Google Talk, and
Gadu-Gadu.
Peer-to-Peer Sharing
„ Tick the boxes of peer-to-peer file sharing applications to be blocked. The
options currently available are eDonkey / eMule, BitTorrent / BitConnect,
WinMX, Foxy, KuGoo, AppleJuice, AudioGalaxy, DirectConnect, iMesh,
MUTE, Thunder5, GoGoBox, QQDownload, Ares, Shareaza, BearShare,
Morpheus, Limewire, Kazaa, and FlashGet.
Multimedia Streaming
„ Tick the boxes of multimedia streaming applications to be blocked. The
options currently available are PPLive, PPStream, UUSee, QQLive, ezPeer,
QVOD / BOBOHU, Funshion, PPMate, PiPi, StormCodec, SopCast, CNTV,
and Xunlei Kan-Kan.
Web-Based Mail
„ Tick the boxes of Web-based mail service providers to be blocked. The
options currently available are Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo, HiNet, PChome,
URL , Yam, Seednet, 163/126/Yeah, Tom, Sina Ren-Ni-You, Sohu, and QQ
Foxmail.
Online Gaming
„ Tick the boxes of online games to be blocked. The options currently
available are GLWorld, QQGame, and Xunlei Games.
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VPN Tunneling
„ Tick the boxes of VPN tunneling applications to be blocked. The options
currently available are VNN Client, UltraSurf, Tor, Hamachi, Hotspot Shield,
and FreeGate.
Remote Controlling
„ Tick the boxes of remote controlling applications to be blocked. The options
currently available are TeamViewer, VNC, Remote Desktop Connection,
and ShowMyPC.
Other Applications
„ Tick the boxes of other applications to be blocked. The options currently
available are 10jqka, Dzh, Qianlong, HTTP Proxy, Socks4/5, DeskStock,
Bump, Dropbox, and SkyDrive.
Terms in Custom
Name
„ The name of the custom application signature.
Content Pattern
„ To define the pattern of an application through matching the packet header,
you may refer to the followings:
‹ Type “google” to match the keyword of “google”.
‹ Type “mail.google” to match the pattern prefix of “mail.google”.
‹ Type “google.com$” to match the pattern postfix of “google.com”.
‹ Type “^mail.google.com$” to match the exact pattern of
“mail.google.com”
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4.6.1 Examples of Blocking
4.6.1.1 Blocking the Use of IM Applications (including
Messaging and File Transfer)
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > Application Blocking > Settings and then set
as shown below:
„ Specify a name in the Rule Name field.
„ Tick the boxes of the Select All next to the Instant Messenger
Login and File Transfer over IM.
„ Click OK.
Adding an IM Blocking Rule
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IM Blocking Rule Successfully Added
Step 1. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Application Blocking: Select the IM blocking rule.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the IM Blocking Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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4.6.1.2 Blocking the Use of P2P Applications (including File
Download and Upload)
Step 1. Under Policy Object > Application Blocking > Settings, set as
shown below:
„ Specify a name for the rule.
„ Tick the box of the Select All next to the Peer-to-Peer Sharing.
„ Click OK.
Adding a P2P Blocking Rule
P2P Blocking Rule Successfully Added
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Step 2. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Application Blocking: Select the rule.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the P2P Blocking Settings
Policy Successfully Created
P2P applications are the major cause of bandwidth exhaust and also are hard to
block its use due to the port alternation. Accordingly, Application Blocking
provides a more effective way to block the use of P2P applications by its packet
signatures rather than port number.
4.7 Virtual Server
This chapter will cover the configuration of Virtual Server, which allows for
providing services to the public by mapping public IP addresses to private IP
addresses.
„
„
Mapped IPs: Maps a public IP address to a private IP address by using
Network Address Translation (NAT) to provide multiple services.
Port Mapping: Maps a public IP address to multiple private IP addresses
by using Port Address Translation (PAT) to provide multiple services or a
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„
single service via load balancing algorithm.
Port-Mapping Group: Group feature is available for Mapped IPs and Port
Mapping settings to simplify the process of applying addresses to network
policies.
Terms in Mapped IPs
Mapped IP Address
„ Specify the IP address of a WAN port to be mapped.
Host IP Address
„ Specify an IP address for the internal host.
Terms in Port Mapping
Public IP Address
„ Specify an IP address for the virtual server.
Service
„ Select a service from the drop-down list.
External Service Port
„ Specify a port number for the service. The service port allows modification
if there is only one port being used for providing the service. For example,
the default port for accessing the HTTP websites is “80”, it may be changed
into any other valid port. Yet, HTTP access requires new port to be
appended to the website address, such as http://www.yahoo.com:8080.
Load Balancing
„ Round-Robin: In this mode, sessions are allocated to the internal servers
by means of a round-robin cycle. This improves overall efficiency and
prevents the entire load being placed on just a single server.
„ Redundancy: When the main server ceases to function, the sessions will
then be allocated to the backup servers according to their number on the
list.
„ Source IP Hash: Sessions are allocated according to the source IP.
Interface
„ Select the subnet that the virtual server is located in.
Private IP Address
„ Specify an IP address for the virtual server.
4.7.1 Examples of Virtual Server
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: IP addresses are used as example only)
Apply for two ADSL lines with static IP addresses from a local ISP.
Configure Port1 as LAN1 (192.168.1.1, NAT/ Routing Mode) and connect to the
LAN subnet 192.168.1.x / 24
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Configure Port2 as WAN1 with the ISP-allocated IP addresses 61.11.11.10 to
61.11.11.14.
Configure Port3 as WAN2 with the ISP-allocated IP addresses 211.22.22.18 to
211.22.22.30.
4.7.1.1 Using a Policy-managed Server to Provide Multiple
Services (FTP, Web, Mail, etc.)
Step 1. Run a server on 192.168.1.100 and resolve the domain name using an
external server to provide FTP, Web, and mail services.
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN, set as shown below:
The Address Setting for the Server IP Address
Step 3. Under Policy Object > Virtual Server > Mapped IPs, set as shown
below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Specify a name for the mapped IP address setting.
„ Mapped IP Address: Select “Port 2 (WAN 1)” from the
corresponding drop-down list and then specify 61.11.11.12 in the
field or click Assist Me to select an address.
„ Host IP Address : Select “Port 1 (LAN 1)” from the corresponding
drop-down list and then specify 192.168.1.100 in the field or click
Assist Me to select an address.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Mapped IP Address
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Step 4. Under Policy Object > Service > Group add a group named
“Main_Service” which is consisted of DNS, FTP, HTTP, POP3, and
SMTP services. Next, add another one named “Mail_Service” to group
DNS, POP3, and SMTP services.
The Group Settings for Server IP Addresses
Step 5. Under Policy > Incoming, set as shown below:
„ Select the mapped IP (61.11.11.12) for Destination Address.
„ Select“Mail_Service”for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Service Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 6. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Source Address: Select the LAN address group of the servers.
„ Service: Select“Mail_Service”.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Service Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 7. Services are open to the public through the mapped IP address.
The Deployment of a Server Providing Multiple Services through Address Mapping
For the sake of security, it is not suggested selecting “Any” for Service when
applying a mapped IP to a policy. It may expose your network vulnerabilities to
cyber attacks.
4.7.1.2
Using Multiple Policy-managed Servers to Host a
Website
Step 1. Run multiple Web servers separately on 192.168.1.101,
192.168.1.102, 192.168.1.103 and 192.168.1.104.
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Virtual Server > Port Mapping, set as shown
below:
„ Specify a name for the port mapping setting.
„ Public IP Address: Select “Port3 (WAN2)” from the
corresponding drop-down list and then specify 211.22.22.23 in the
field or click Assist Me to select an address.
„ Service: Select “HTTP(80)”.
„ External Service Port: Modify from “80” to “8080”.
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„
„
„
„
„
„
„
Load Balancing: Select “Round-Robin”.
Interface: Select “LAN”.
Private IP Address # 1: Specify “192.168.1.101” in the field or
click Assist Me to select an address. Click Next Row when done.
Private IP Address # 2: Specify “192.168.1.102” in the field or
click Assist Me to select an address. Click Next Row when done.
Private IP Address # 3: Specify “192.168.1.103” in the field or
click Assist Me to select an address. Click Next Row when done.
Private IP Address # 4: Specify “192.168.1.104” in the field or
click Assist Me to select an address.
Click OK.
Creating a Port Mapping Rule
The Mapping Rule for the HTTP Service
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Step 3. Under Policy > Incoming, set as shown below:
„ Destination IP: Select the mapped IP (211.22.22.23).
„ Service: Select“HTTP(8080)”.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for the HTTP Service
Policy Successfully Created
External Web server requests will require appending the new port to the website
address, such as http://www.yahoo.com:8080.
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Step 4. Web servers are available for public access through the port mapping
setting.
The Deployment of Multiple Servers Hosting a Website through Port Mapping
4.7.1.3 Permitting VoIP Telephony between External and
Internal Users via TCP 1720, TCP 15323-15333 and UDP
15323-15333
Step 1. Assign the address 192.168.1.100 to the VoIP service.
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN, set as shown below:
The Address Setting for VoIP Communication
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Step 3. Add a service setting under Policy Object > Service > Custom as
follows:
The Service Setting for VoIP Communication
Step 4. Under Policy Object > Virtual Server > Port Mapping, set as shown
below:
„ Name : Specify a name for the port mapping setting.
„ Public IP Address: Select “Port 2 (WAN1)” from the
corresponding drop-down list and then specify “61.11.11.12” in the
field, or click Assist Me to select an addresss.
„ Service: Select the custom service.
„ External Service Port is defaulted.
„ Load Balancing: Select “Round-Robin”.
„ Interface: Select “LAN”.
„ Private IP Address # 1: Specify “192.168.1.100” in the field or
click Assist Me to select an address.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Port Mapping Rule
The Mapping Rule for the VoIP Service
The External Service Port allows modification if there is only one port being
used for providing the service.
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Step 5. Under Policy > Incoming, set as shown below:
„ Destination IP: Select the mapped IP (61.11.11.12).
„ Service: Select the custom service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for Allowing Incoming VoIP Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 6. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Source Address: Select the IP address assigned for VoIP
service.
„ Service: Select the VoIP service.
„ Action: Select “Port2 (WAN1)”.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for Allowing Outgoing VoIP Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 7. VoIP communication is available between external and internal users
through the port mapping setting.
The Deployment of VoIP Communication through Port Mapping
4.7.1.4 Using Multiple Policy-managed Servers to Provide
HTTP, POP3, SMTP, and DNS Services
Step 1. Run multiple servers separately on 192.168.1.101, 192.168.1.102,
192.168.1.103, and 192.168.1.104, and resolve the domain name
using an external server to provide multiple services.
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Step 2. Under Policy Object > Address > LAN / LAN Group, set as shown
below:
The Address Settings for the Servers
The Group Setting for Server IP Addresses
Step 3. Under Policy Object > Service > Group, add a group named
“Main_Service” which is consisted of DNS, HTTP, POP3, and SMTP
services. Next, add another one named “Mail_Service” to group DNS,
POP3, and SMTP services.
Service Group Settings
Step 4. Under Policy Object > Virtual Server > Port Mapping, set as shown
below:
„ Name: Specify a name for the port mapping setting.
„ Public IP Address: Select “Port 3 (WAN 2)” from the
corresponding drop-down list and then specify 211.22.22.23 in the
field or click Assist Me to select an address.
„ Select the pre-defined service for Service.
„ External Service Port is defaulted..
„ Load Balancing: Select “Round-Robin”.
„ Interface: Select “LAN”.
„ Private IP Address # 1: Specify “192.168.1.101” in the field or click
Assist Me to select an address. Click Next Row when done.
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„
„
„
„
Private IP Address # 2: Specify “192.168.1.102” in the field or click
Assist Me to select an address. Click Next Row when done.
Private IP Address # 3: Specify “192.168.1.103” in the field or click
Assist Me to select an address. Click Next Row when done.
Private IP Address # 4: Specify “192.168.1.104” in the field or click
Assist Me to select an address.
Click OK.
Creating a Port Mapping Entry
The Mapping Rule for the Servers
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Step 5. Go to Policy > Incoming and then set as shown below:
„ Select the mapped IP (211.22.22.23) for Destination Address.
„ Select “Main_Service” for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Service Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 6. Go to Policy > Outgoing and set as shown below:
„ Select the LAN address group of the servers for Source Address.
„ Select “Mail_Service” for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Service Group Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 7. Services are open to the public through the port mapping setting.
The Deployment of Multiple Servers Providing Services through Port Mapping
4.8 VPN
This chapter will cover the configuration of VPN, which allows for
establishing private and secure site-to-site connections, enabling network to be
built among distributed locations and in a convenient way.
To set up a secure and encrypted VPN network, it requires applying the IPSec
Autokey / PPTP Server / PPTP Client settings to a Trunk setting under Policy
Object > VPN and then to a network policy.
Terms in VPN
Diffie-Hellman
„ A cryptographic protocol that allows two parties that have no prior
knowledge of each other to establish a shared secret key over an insecure
communication channel.
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RSA
„ An asymmetric cryptography that involves a public and private key. The
public key can be known to everyone and is used for encrypting messages.
Messages encrypted with the public key can only be decrypted using the
private key.
Pre-Shared Key String
„ A string of Unicode characters that is used to authenticate Layer Two
Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) over Internet Protocol security (IPSec)
connections.
ISAKMP (Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol)
„ A protocol that is used to establish Security Associations (SA) and
cryptographic keys in an Internet environment. ISAKMP provides a
framework for authentication and key exchange. It is designed to be key
exchange independent. Authenticated keying material for use with ISAKMP
are provided by protocols such as Internet Key Exchange and Kerberized
Internet Negotiation of Keys.
Main Mode
„ When associating IKE certificates, the device offers main mode and
aggressive mode to choose from. The main mode requests sending 6
messages mutually before starting the data exchange, it is to confirm the
identity of both parties, ensuring the data transferring security.
Aggressive Mode
„ The aggressive mode requests sending 3 messages mutually before
starting the data exchange, it is to confirm the identity of both parties,
ensuring the data transferring security.
AH ( Authentication Header )
„ The Authentication Header guarantees connectionless integrity and data
origin authentication of IP datagrams.
ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload)
„ The Encapsulated Security Payload provides confidentiality and integrity
protection to IP datagrams.
DES (Data Encryption Standard)
„ The Data Encryption Standard is a NIST standard encryption using 56-bit
key.
3DES (Triple-DES)
„ Triple DES is a block cipher formed from the Data Encryption Standard
(DES) cipher by using it three times. It can achieve an algorithm up to 168
bits.
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AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)
„ The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a symmetric key encryption
technique, usually using a 128-bit, 192-bit and 256-bit key. AES is a
commonly seen and adopted nowadays.
NULL Algorithm
„ The NULL Algorithm is an instant and convenient alternative for connection.
It is merely a simple replacement for ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload)
without any cryptograph protection.
SHA1 (Secure Hash Algorithm-1)
„ The SHA1 is a revision of SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm). It has improved
the shortcomings of SHA. By producing summary hash values, it can
achieve an algorithm up to 160 bits.
MD5 Algorithm
„ MD5 (Message Digest Algorithm 5) processes a variable-length message
into a fixed–length output of 128 bits.
GRE / IPSec
„ The GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation) comes in packet packing
function without any encryption against monitoring and attacking. Normally,
the GRE needs to cooperate with IPSec so as to provide a secure
connection.
Extended Authentication (XAuth)
„ XAuth provides an additional level of authentication. It uses a Request/
Reply mechanism to provide the extended authentication. XAuth is also
referred to as two factor authentication.
The Account Name under Extended Authentication (XAuth) are the accounts
listed under Policy > Authentication > Account.
Terms in One-Step IPSec
One-Step IPSec
„ IPSec VPN can be established within just one step as follows:
‹ Go to Policy Object > VPN > One-Step IPSec and then refer to the
following:
z Specify a name for the IPSec rule.
z Select a WAN port for Interface.
z Tick the radio box of “LAN 1” (leave the drop-down list as default).
z Specify the Remote Gateway (Static IP or Hostname).
z Specify the Remote IP Address / Netmask.
z Type a string as the pre-shared key.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
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z
The corresponding autokey, trunk and policy settings will be
automatically added.
Adding a One-Step IPSec Rule
One-Step IPSec Rule Successfully Added
A VPN Trunk Created Correspondingly
An Outgoing Policy Created Correspondingly
An Incoming Policy Created Correspondingly
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For the convenience of quick VPN connection, One-Step IPSec uses default
settings for some of the configurations as listed below:
„
IKE Negotiation: Main mode
„
Authentication Method: Pre-Shared Key
„
ISAKMP Settings: DES + MD5 + Diffie-Hellman 1
„
IPSec Settings: DES + MD5
„
The corresponding autokey, trunk and policy settings will be automatically
added.
Terms in VPN Wizard
VPN Wizard
„ Follow the steps below to establish a VPN connection:
‹ Under Policy Object > VPN > VPN Wizard, set as shown below:
z Select a connection type and then click Next.
z Create a policy object for the VPN connection. Click Next when
done.
z Apply the policy object to a VPN trunk. Click Next when done.
z Select the VPN trunk.
z Click Finish.
z The corresponding incoming and outgoing policies will be
automatically added for the VPN connection.
Selecting a Connection Type
Creating a VPN Policy Object
The VPN Policy Object Applied to a VPN Trunk
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Applying the VPN Trunk to Network Policies
VPN Wizard Successfully Completed
An Outgoing Policy Created Correspondingly
An Incoming Policy Created Correspondingly
Terms in IPSec Autokey
The description of the symbols used for connecton status are as follows:
Symbol
Description Disconnected Connected
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Name
„ The name of an IPSec rule. Note that the name cannot be repeated under
Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey.
Interface
„ The external interface of your local gateway.
Gateway
„ The external interface of the remote gateway.
Algorithm
„ The encryption method employed by a VPN connection.
Uptime
„ The elapsed time of an established VPN connection.
Configuration
„ Click Modify or Remove to edit or delete the corresponding rule.
IPSec Autokey Rule Table
An IPSec VPN connection is maintained using Peer Status Detection
mechanism and can be manually established when Remote Gateway (Static IP
or Hostname) is specified within the IPSec autokey rule.
Terms in PPTP Server
PPTP Server
„ Followed by an “Enabled” or “Disabled” to indicate the activation status of
PPTP server.
„ External RADIUS authentication is supported.
„ Allows for assigning the IP addresses of PPTP client, DNS server, and
WINS server.
„ The description of the symbols used for connection status are as follows:
Symbol
Description Disconnected Connected
Username
„ The name of an authenticated PPTP client.
Client IP
„ The assigned IP address of a PPTP client.
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Uptime
„ The elapsed time of an established VPN connection.
Configuration
„ Click Modify or Remove to edit or delete the corresponding rule.
The PPTP Server Rule Table
A PPTP VPN connection is maintained using Echo-Request mechanism and
can be manually disconnected by ticking the box of “Manual disconnection”
within the PPTP server rule.
Terms in PPTP Client
Status
„ The description of the symbols used for connection status are as follows.
Symbol
Description Disconnected Connected
Username
„ The name of an authenticated PPTP client.
Server IP or Hostname
„ The IP address or host name of a connected PPTP server.
Encryption
„ The encryption status of an established VPN connection.
Uptime
„ The elapsed time of an established VPN connection.
Configuration
„ Click Modify or Remove to edit or delete the corresponding rule.
The PPTP Client Rule Table
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A PPTP VPN connection is maintained using Echo-Request mechanism and
can be manually connected by ticking the box of “Manual connection” within the
PPTP client rule.
Terms in Trunk
Status
„ The description of the symbols used for connection status are as follows.
Symbol
Description Disconnected Connected
Name
„ The name of a trunk rule. Note that the name cannot be repeated under
Policy Object > VPN > Trunk.
Local Subnet
„ The IP address of source subnet.
Remote Subnet
„ The IP address of destination subnet.
Tunnel Selecton
„ The IPSec or PPTP tunnels that are included in the trunk.
Configuration
„ Click Modify or Remove to edit or delete the corresponding rule.
The Trunk Rule Table
Once the Trunk Load Balancing is enabled, the VPN tunnels will be
load-balanced to increase the link speed. (Note that this feature requires two
units of the same model at both ends of a VPN connection to be activated, and is
also subject to the Load Balancing Mode specified under Network > Interface.)
Terms in Trunk Group
Name
„ The name of a trunk group. Note that the name cannot be repeated under
Policy Object > VPN > Trunk Group.
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Group Member
„ The group of trunk rules that are to be applied to a policy.
Configuration
„ Click Modify or Remove to edit or delete the corresponding rule.
The Trunk Group Table
4.8.1 Examples of VPN
4.8.1.1 Using Two Units of MH-2300 to Establish an IPSec VPN
Tunnel for Private Network Access
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only.)
Company A: Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the
LAN subnet 192.168.10.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the
Internet via the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Company B: Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.20.1) and is connected to the
LAN subnet 192.168.20.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the
Internet via the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Port 1 is added with a multiple subnet (192.168.85.1) and is
connected to the LAN subnet 192.168.85.x / 24
This example will be using two units of MH-2300 to establish a VPN tunnel for
private network access as follows:
For Company A, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, and then click New
Entry.
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 2. Enter “VPN_A” in the Name field and select “Port 2 (WAN 1)” for
Interface
The Name and Interface Settings
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Step 3. Select “Remote Gateway (Static IP or Hostname)” for Remote
Settings, and enter the gateway address of Company B.
The Remote Settings
Step 4. Select “Pre-Shared Key” for Authentication Method, and enter a
Pre-Shared Key String. (The maximum length of the string is 62
characters.)
The Authentication Method Settings
Step 5. In the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section, select
“3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, select “MD5” for Authentication
Algorithm, and select “Diffie-Hellman 1” for Key Group.
The Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
Step 6. Select the radio box of “Use both algorithms” under the IPSec
Settings section, select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, and select
“MD5” for Authentication Algorithm.
The IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 7. In the Advanced Settings (Optional) section, select “DH 1” for PFS
Key Group, enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field and
“28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field, and then select “Main Mode”
for IKE Negotiation.
The Advanced Settings
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Step 8. The IPSec autokey rule is successfully added.
IPSec Autokey Rule Successfully Added
Step 9. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, set as shown below:
„ Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
„ Local Settings : Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the
subnet and netmask of Company A.
„ Remote Settings: Specify the subnet and netmask of Company
B.
„ Tunnel Selection: Select “VPN_A” from the Available Tunnels
column on the left and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a VPN Trunk
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VPN Trunk Successfully Added
Step 10.
„
„
Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 11.
„
„
Under Policy > Incoming, set as shown below:
Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
If Remote Settings is selected for Remote Gateway or Client (Dynamic IP)
under Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, then Aggressive Mode is
compulsory for IKE Negotiation as well as Local and Peer IDs are required for
the VPN connection.
For Company B, set as shown below:
Step 1. Under System > Configuration > Multiple Subnets, set as shown
below:
Network Subnet Successfully Added
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Step 2. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey and then click New
Entry.
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 3. Enter “VPN_B” in the Name field and then select “Port2 (WAN1)” for
Interface.
The Name and Interface Settings
Step 4. Select “Remote Gateway (Static IP or Hostname)” for Remote
Settings and then enter the gateway address of Company A.
The Remote Settings
Step 5. Select “Pre-Shared Key” for Authentication Method, and enter a
Pre-Shared Key String. ( The maximum length of the string is 62
characters.)
The Authentication Method Settings
Step 6. Under the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section, select
“3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, select “MD5” for Authentication
Algorithm, and then select “Diffie-Hellman 1” for Key Group.
The Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
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Step 7. Select the radio box of “Use both algorithms” under the IPSec
Settings section, select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm and select
“MD5” for Authentication Algorithm.
The IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 8. In the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select “DH 1” for PFS
Key Group, enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field and
“28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field, and then select “Main Mode”
for IKE Negotiation.
The Advanced Settings
Step 9. The IPSec autokey rule is successfully added.
IPSec Autokey Rule Successfully Added
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Step 10.
„
„
„
„
„
„
Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, set as shown below:
Name: Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask of Company B.
Remote Settings: Specify the subnet and netmask of Company
A.
Tunnel Selection: Select “VPN_B” from the Available Tunnels
column on the left, and then click Add.
Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding aVPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
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Step 11. Under Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 12. Under Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 13. IPSec VPN tunnel has been successfully established between the
two sites.
The Deployment of an IPSec VPN Network between Two Units of MH-2300
4.8.1.2 Using a Unit of MH-2300 and a Windows 7 PC to
Establish an IPSec VPN Tunnel
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Company A is running a unit of MH-2300 with the following configuration:
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.10.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Company B is running a Windows 7 PC with an IP address of 211.22.22.22.
This example will be using a unit of MH-2300 and a Windows 7 PC to establish
a VPN tunnel for private network access as follows.
For Company A, set as shown below:
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Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey and then click New
Entry.
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 2. Enter “VPN_A” in the Name field and then select “Port2 (WAN1)” for
Interface.
Name and Interface Settings
Step 3. Select “Remote Gateway or Client (Dynamic IP)” for Remote
Settings.
Remote Settings
Step 4. Select Pre-Shared Key from the Authentication Method drop-down
list, and enter a string. (The maximum length of the string is 62
characters.)
Authentication Method Settings
Step 5. In the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section, select
“3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, select “MD5” for Authentication
Algorithm, and then select “Diffie-Hellman 2” for Key Group.
Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
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Step 6. Select the radio box of “Use both algorithms” under the IPSec
Settings section, select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, and then
select “MD5” for Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 7. In the Advanced Settings (Optional) section, select “DH 1” for PFS
Key Group, enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field and
“28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field, and then select“Main Mode”
for IKE Negotiation.
Advanced Settings
Step 8. The IPSec autokey rule is successfully added.
IPSec Autokey Rule Successfully Added
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Step 9. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, set as shown below:
„ Name: Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask of Company A.
„ Remote Settings: Select Remote Client.
„ Tunnel Selection: Select “VPN_A” from the Available Tunnels
column on the left and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Add a VPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
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Step 10.
„
„
Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 11.
„
„
Under Policy > Incoming, set as shown below:
Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
For B Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Type in “mmc” in the Search field on the Start menu or in the Run
command box, and then set as shown below:
„ Select “File” from the menu bar and then select “Add/Remove
Snap-in”.
„ In the Add or Remove Snap-ins window, follow the steps below :
z Select “IP Security Policy Management” from the Available
snap-ins column on the left, and then click Add.
z Tick the radio box of “Local Computer”, and then clickFinish.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
„ In the Console Root tree, right-click IP Security Policies on
Local Computer and then click Create IP Security Policy.
„ In the IP Security Policy Wizard window, follow the steps below:
z Click Next.
z Type in “VPN_B” in the Name field.
z Click Next.
z Click Next.
z Tick the box of “Edit properties” and then click Finish.
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Typing in “run” in the Search Field on the Start Menu
Typing in “mmc” in the Run Command Box
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Selecting “Add / Remove Snap-in” from the File Menu
Adding the “IP Security Policy Management”
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Selecting “Local Computer”
Snap-in Successfully Added to the Console Root
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Creating an IP Security Policy
The IP Security Policy Wizard
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Policy Name and Description Settings
Default Response Rule Settings
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IP Security Policy Wizard Successfully Completed
Step 2. In the VPN_B Properties dialog box, click the Rules tab and then set
as shown below:
„ Untick the box of “Use Add Wizard” and click Add.
„ In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the IP Filter List tab
and then click Add:
‹ In the IP Filter List dialog box, type “VPN_B Local To
Remote” in the Name field and then click Add:
z In the IP Filter Properties dialog box, click the
Addresses tab:
¾ Source address: Select “A specific IP Address or
Subnet” and specify the corresponding IP address
or subnet, ie., 211.22.22.22/32.
¾ Destination address: Select “A specific IP Address
or Subnet” and specify the corresponding IP
address or subnet, i.e., 192.168.10.0/24.
¾ Click OK.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
‹ Select “VPN_B Local To Remote” from IP Filter Lists.
„ In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Filter Action tab,
untick the box of “Use Add Wizard” and then click Add:
‹ In the New Filter Action Properties dialog box, click the
Security Methods tab and then set as shown below:
z Select the radio box of “Negotiate security”.
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„
„
„
„
z Tick the boxes of “Accept unsecured communication, but
always respond using IPsec” and “Use session key
perfect forward secrecy (PFS)”.
z Click Add.
z In the New Security Method dialog box, select Custom
and then click Settings.
¾ In the Custom Security Method Settings dialog
box, follow the steps below:
— Tick the box of “Data integrity and encryption
(ESP)”.
— Integrity algorithm: Select “MD5”.
— Encryption algorithm: Select “3DES”.
— Under the Session key settings section, type
in “3600” in the seconds field for the key
generation interval.
— Click OK.
¾ Click OK.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
‹ Select “New Filter Action” from the Filter Actions.
In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Authentication
Methods tab. Next, select “Kerberos” from the Authentication
method preference order and then click Edit.
‹ In the Edit Authentication Method Properties dialog box,
follow the steps below:
z Tick the box of “Use this string (preshared key)” and enter
“123456789” in the corresponding field.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
‹ Select “Preshared Key” from the Authentication method
preference order.
In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Tunnel Setting
tab:
‹ Select the radio box of “Tunnel endpoints are specified by
these IP addresses”.
‹ Specify the IPv4 tunnel endpoint. i.e., 61.11.11.11.
In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Connection Type
tab:
‹ Tick the box of “All network connections”.
‹ Click Apply.
‹ Click OK to complete the settings.
Select “VPN_B Local To Remote” from the IP Security rules.
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Adding an IP Security Rule
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Adding an IP Filter List
Specifying a Name of the IP Filter List
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Specifying the Source and Destination Addresses
An IP Filter Successfully Added to the List
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An IP Filter List Successfully Added to the Rule
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Adding a Filter Action
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Configuring the Security Method
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Customizing the Security Method
Specifying the Custom Security Method Settings
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Security Method Settings Successfully Completed
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Filter Action Successfully Added to the Rule
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Editing the Authentication Method
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Specifying a Preshared Key
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Authentication Method Successfully Added to the Rule
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Specifying the IPv4 Tunnel Endpoint
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Applying the Rule to All Network Connections
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IP Security Rule Successfully Added
Step 3. In the VPN_B Properties dialog box, click the Rules tab and then set
as shown below:
„ Click Add.
„ In the New Rule Properties dialog box, select the IP Filter List
tab and then click Add:
‹ In the IP Filter List dialog box, type in “VPN_B Remote To
Local” in the Name field and then click Add:
z In the IP Filter Properties dialog box, click the
Addresses tab:
¾ Source address: Select “A specific IP Address or
Subnet” and specify the corresponding IP address
or subnet, i.e., 192.168.10.0/24.
¾ Destination address: Select “A specific IP Address
or Subnet” and specify the corresponding IP
address or subnet, i.e., 211.22.22.22/32.
¾ Click OK.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
‹ Select “VPN_B Remote To Local” from the IP Filter Lists.
‹ In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Filter
Action tab, untick the box of “Use Add Wizard”, and then
click Add.
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„
„
„
„
In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Authenticaion
Methods tab. Next, select “Kerberos” from the Authetication
method preference order and then click Edit.
‹ In the Edit Authentication Method Properties dialog box,
follow the steps below:
z Tick the box of “Use this string (preshared key)” and enter
“123456789” in the corresponding field.
z Click OK to complete the settings.
‹ Select “Preshared Key” from the Authentication method
preference order.
In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Tunnel Setting
tab:
‹ Select the radio box of “Tunnel endpoints are specified by
these IP addresses”.
‹ Specify the IPv4 tunnel endpoint, i.e., 211.22.22.22.
In the New Rule Properties dialog box, click the Connection
Type tab:
‹ Tick the box of “All network connections”.
‹ Click Apply.
‹ Click OK to complete the settings.
Select “VPN_B Remote To Local” from the IP Security rules.
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Adding an IP Filter List
Specifying a Name of the IP Filter List
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Specifying the Source and Destination Addresses
An IP Filter Successfully Added to the List
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An IP Filter List Successfully Added to the Rule
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Adding a Filter Action
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Editing the Authentication Method
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Specifying a Preshared Key
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Authentication Method Successfully Added to the Rule
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Specifying the IPv4 Tunnel Endpoint
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Applying the Rule to All Network Connections
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IP Security Rule Successfully Added
Step 4. In the VPN_B Properties dialog box, click the General tab and then
set as shown below:
„ Type in “VPN_B” in the Name field.
„ Enter “180” in the minute(s) field.
„ Click Settings.
„ In the Key Exchange Settings dialog box, follow the steps below:
‹ Tick the box of “Master key perfect forward secrecy (PFS)”.
‹ Enter “480” in the minutes field.
‹ Click Methods.
‹ In the Key Exchange Security Methods dialog box, select
“3DES-SHA1-Medium(2)” from the Security method
preference order and then click Edit.
z In the IKE Security Algorithms dialog box, follow the
steps below:
¾ Integrity algorithm: Select “MD5”.
¾ Encryption algorithm: Select “3DES”.
¾ Diffie-Hellman group: Select “Medium (2)”.
¾ Click OK.
z Click OK.
‹ Click OK.
„ Click OK.
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Configuring the IP Security Policy General Properties
Configuring the Key Exchange Settings
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Configuring the Security Methods
Customizing the IKE Security Algorithms
Step 5. In the Microsoft Management Console window, set as shown below:
„ In the Console Root tree, click IP Security Policies on Local
Computer, right-click the policy “VPN_B” and then select Assign.
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Assigning an IP Security Policy
IP Security Policy Successfully Assigned
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Step 6. Select Services on the Start menu or type in “services.msc” in the
Search field, and then set as shown below:
„ Scroll down to select IPSec Policy Agent, right-click it, and then
select Restart.
Selecting “Services” on the Start Menu
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Restarting the IPSec Policy Agent
Once the configuration is completed, constantly ping the Company A’s LAN
subnet, such as 192.168.10.1. The IPSec VPN tunnel is only successfully
established if response packets are received from Company A.
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Step 7. IPSec VPN tunnel has been successfully established between the
MH-2300 and the Windows 7 PC.
The Deployment of an IPSec VPN Network between MH-2300 and Windows7 PC
4.8.1.3 Using Two Units of MH-2300 to Establish an IPSec VPN
Tunnel in Aggressive Mode
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Company A: Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the
LAN subnet 192.168.10.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the
Internet via the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Company B: Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.20.1) and is connected to the
LAN subnet 192.168.20.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the
Internet via the ADSL modem (ATUR).
This example will be using two units of MH-2300 to establish a VPN tunnel in
Aggressive mode as follows:
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For A Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, and then click New
Entry.
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 2. Enter “VPN_A” in the Name field and select “Port2 (WAN1)” for
Interface.
Name and Interface Settings
Step 3. Select “Remote Gateway (Static IP or Hostname)” for Remote
Settings, and enter the gateway address of B Company.
Remote Settings
Step 4. Select “Pre-Shared Key” for Authentication Method, and enter a
Pre-Shared Key String. (The maximum length of the string is 62
characters.
Authentication Method Settings
Step 5. In the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section, select
“3DES” for Encryption Algorithm; select “SHA1” for Authentication
Algorithm, and then select “Diffie-Hellman 2” for Key Group.
Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
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Step 6. Tick the radio box of “Use both algorithms” in the IPSec Settings
section, select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm and “MD5” for
Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 7. In the Advanced Settings (Optional) section, select “DH 1” for PFS
Key Group, enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field and
“28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field.
Advanced Settings
Step 8. Select “Aggressive mode” for IKE Negotiation as well as enter
“11.11.11.11” in the Local ID field and “@abc123” in the Peer ID field.
IKE Negotiation Settings
The Local ID / Peer ID field can be:
„
Left blank to use the public IP.
„
Specified with a valid IP; the two fields cannot be identical, e.g.,
“11.11.11.11” and “22.22.22.22”.
„
Specified with a leading at-sign (@) followed by an alphanumeric string,
e.g., “@123a” or “@abcd1”.
Step 9. The IPSec autokey rule is successfully added.
IPSec Autokey Rule Successfully Added
Step 10.
„
„
„
„
„
Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, set as shown below:
Name: Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask of Company A.
Remote Settings: Specify the subnet and netmask of Company
B.
Select “VPN_A” from the Available Tunnels column on the left,
and the click Add.
Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
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„
Click OK.
Adding a VPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
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Step 11. Under Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the VPN trunk from the VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 12. Under Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the defined trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
For B Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Under Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, click New Entry and
then set as shown below:
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 2. Enter “VPN_B” in the Name field and then select “Port2 (WAN1)” for
Interface.
Name and Interface Settings
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Step 3. Remote Settings: Select “Remote Gateway (Static IP or Hostname)”,
and enter the gateway address of Company A.
Remote Settings
Step 4. Select “Pre-Shared Key” for Authentication Method, and enter a
Pre-Shared Key String. ( The maximum length of the string is 62
characters)
Authentication Method Settings
Step 5. In the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section, select
“3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, select “SHA1” for Authentication
Algorithm; and then select “Diffie-Hellman 2” for Key Group.
Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
Step 6. Tick the radio box of “Use both algorithms” in the IPSec Settings
section, select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm and “MD5” for
Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 7. In the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select “DH 1” for PFS
Key Group as well as enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field
and “28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field.
Advanced Settings
Step 8. Select “Aggressive Mode” for IKE Negotiation as well as enter
“@abc123” in the Local ID field and “11.11.11.11” in the Peer ID field.
IKE Negotiation Settings
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Step 9. The IPSec autokey rule is successfully added.
IPSec Autokey Rule Successfully Added
Step 10. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then
set as shown below:
„ Name: Specify a name for the VPN Trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask for Company B.
„ Remote Settings: Specify the subnet and netmask of Company
A.
„ Tunnel Selection: Select “VPN_B” from the Available Tunnels
column on the left, and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a VPN Trunk
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VPN Trunk Successfully Added
Step 11. Under Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 12. Under Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 13. IPSec VPN tunnel has been successfully established in Aggressive
mode between two sites.
Figure 11-145 The Deployment of an IPSec VPN Network Running in Aggressive Mode
between Two Units of MH-2300
4.8.1.4 Using Two Units of MH-2300 to Load Balance
Outbound IPSec VPN Traffic with GRE Encapsulation
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP Addresses are used as examples
only)
[Company A]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.10.x/24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Port 3 is defined as WAN 2 (61.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
[Company B]
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Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.20.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.20.x/24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Port 3 is defined as WAN2 (211.33.33.33) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Two IPSec VPN tunnels are established between Company A and B over their
corresponding WAN 1 and WAN 2.
This example will be using two units of MH-2300 to establish two VPN tunnels
with GRE encapsulation as follows:
For Company A, set as shown below:
Step 1.
Under Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, click New Entry.
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 2.
Enter “VPN_01” in the Name field and then select “Port2 (WAN1)”
for Interface.
Name and Interface Settings
Step 3.
Remote Settings: Select “Remote Gateway (Static IP or
Hostname)”, and specify the WAN1 gateway address of Company B.
Remote Settings
Step 4.
Select “Pre-Shared Key”for Authentication Method and then type a
key in the Pre-Shared Key String field, e.g., “123456789”.
Authentication Method Settings
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Step 5.
Under the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section,
select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, “MD5” for Authentication
Algorithm and “Diffie-Hellman1” for Key Group.
Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
Step 6.
Under the IPSec Settings section, select the radio box of “Use both
algorithms”, select “3DES” for the Encryption Algorithm and “MD5”
for Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 7.
Under the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select “DH1” for
PFS Key Group, type “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field and
“28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field, and then select “Main Mode”
for IKE Negotiation.
Advanced Settings
Step 8.
Under the GRE Tunnel Settings section, type in “192.168.50.100” in
the Local Endpoint Address field and “192.168.50.200” in the
Remote Endpoint Address field.
GRE Tunnel Settings
The Local Endpoint Address and Remote Endpoint Address must be in the
same Class C subnet, and yet cannot be repeated.
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Step 9.
The IPSec autokey rule “VPN_01” is successfully added.
IPSec Autokey Rule “VPN_01” Successfully Added
Step 10. Under Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, click New Entry.
The IPSec Autokey Rule Table
Step 11. Enter “VPN_02” in the Name field and select “Port3 (WAN2)” for
Interface.
Name and Interface Settings
Step 12. Remote Settings: Select “Remote Gateway (Static IP or
Hostname)” and enter the WAN 2 gateway address of Company B.
Configuring the Remote Settings
Step 13. Select “Pre-Shared Key”for Authentication Method and then type
the same key as previously specified.
The Authentication Method Settings
Step 14. Under the Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms section,
select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm, “MD5” for Authentication
Algorithm and “Diffie-Hellman 1” for Key Group.
Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms
Step 15. Under the IPSec Settings section, select the radio box of “Use both
algorithms”, and then select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm and
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“MD5” for Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 16. Under the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select “DH1” for
PFS Key Group, enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field,
“28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field, and then select “Main Mode”
for IKE Negotiation.
The Advanced Settings
Step 17. Under the GRE Tunnel Settings section, type in “192.168.60.100” in
the Local Endpoint Address field and “192.168.60.200” in the
Remote Endpoint Address field.
The GRE Tunnel Settings
Step 18. The IPSec autokey rule “VPN_02” is successfully added.(Figure
11-163)
IPSec Autokey Rule “VPN_02” Successfully Added
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Step 19. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, set as shown below:
„ Name: Specify a name for VPN Trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask of Company A.
„ Remote Settings: Specify the subnet and netmask of Company
B.
„ Select “VPN_01” and “VPN_02” from the Available Tunnels
column on the left, and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a VPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
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Step 20. Under Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 21. Under Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
For Company B, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, and then click New
Entry.
IPSec Autokey Screen
Step 2. Type VPN_01 in the Name field and then select Port2(WAN1) for
WAN Interface.
Name and WAN Interface Settings
Step 3. For Remote Settings, select Remote Gateway (Static IP or
Hostname), and enter the management address of A Company (WAN
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pot 1).
Remote Settings
Step 4. Select “Pre-Shared Key” for Authentication Method and enter the
Pre-Shared Key String.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 5. Below Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms, select “3DES” for
Encryption Algorithm; select “MD5” for Authentication Algorithm;
select “DH 1” for Key Group.
ISAKMP Algorithm Settings
Step 6. Select Use both algorithms below the IPSec Algorithm, or tick Use
authentication algorithm only. If ticked Use both algorithms,
please select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm and “MD5” for
Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 7. Select “Group 1” for PFS Key Group. Enter “3600” in the ISAKMP SA
Lifetime field and “28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field and then
select “Main Mode” for Mode.
Advanced Settings of IPSec Autokey
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Step 8. For GRE Tunnel Settings, type “192.168.50.200” in the Local
Endpoint Address field and “192.168.50.100” in the Remote
Endpoint Address field. (Note: The local IP and the remote IP must
be configured in the same class C network.)
GRE Tunnel Settings
Step 9. Settings completed.
IPSec Autokey Settings Completed
Step 10. Under Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, click New Entry
again.
Step 11. Type VPN_02 in the Name field and then select Port3 (WAN2) for
Interface.
Name and Interface Settings
Step 12. Select Remote Gateway (Static IP or Hostname) for Remote
Settings, and enter the management address of A Company (WAN
port 2).
Remote Settings
Step 13. Select “Pre-Shared Key” for Authentication Method and enter
the Pre-Shared Key String.
Authentication Method Settings
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Step 14. Below Encryption and Data Integrity Algorithms, select “3DES”
for Encryption Algorithm; select “MD5” for Authentication
Algorithm; select “DH 1” for Key Group.
ISAKMP Algorithm Settings
Step 15. Select Use both algorithms below the IPSec Algorithm, or tick
Use authentication algorithm only. If ticked Use both algorithms,
please select “3DES” for Encryption Algorithm and “MD5” for
Authentication Algorithm.
IPSec Algorithm Settings
Step 16. Select “Group 1” for PFS Key Group. Enter “3600” in the ISAKMP
SA Lifetime field and “28800” in the IPSec SA Lifetime field and then
select “Main Mode” for Mode.
Advanced Settings of IPSec Autokey
Step 17. For GRE Tunnel Settings, type “192.168.60.200” in the Local
Endpoint Address field and “192.168.60.100” in the Remote
Endpoint Address field. (Note: The local IP and the remote IP must
be configured in the same class C network.)
GRE Tunnel Settings
Step 18.
Settings completed.
IPSec Autokey Settings Completed
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Step 19.
„
„
„
„
„
„
Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, set as shown below:
Name: Type a name.
Local Settings: Select “LAN”. Local IP / Netmask: Type
“192.168.20.0” as B Company’s subnet address and
“255.255.255.0” as Mask.
Remote Settings: Select Remote IP / Netmask. Remote IP /
Netmask: Type “192.168.10.0” as A Company’s subnet address
and “255.255.255.0” as Mask.
Tunnel: Select “VPN_01” and “VPN_02” and then add them to the
right column.
Tick Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN.
Click OK.
VPN Trunk Settings
VPN Trunk Created
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Step 20. Under Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the defined trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK.
Using VPN Trunk in an Outgoing Policy
An Outgoing Policy with VPN Trunk
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Step 21. Select Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the defined trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK.
Using VPN Trunk in an Incoming Policy
An Incoming Policy with VPN Trunk
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Step 22.
Settings completed.
Deployment of IPSec VPN Using GRE/IPSec
4.8.1.5 Using Three Units of MH-2300 to Create a
Hub-and-Spoke IPSec VPN Network
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
[Company A]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.10.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
[Company B]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.20.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.20.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
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[Company C]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.30.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.30.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (121.33.33.33) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
This example will be using three units of MH-2300 to create a hub-and-spoke
IPSec VPN network as follows:
For Company A, set as shown below:
Step1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey and then click New
Entry.
IPSec Autokey
Step2. Type VPN_01 in the Name field and then select Port2 (WAN1) for
Interface.
Configuring the Name and the Interface
Step3. Under the Remote Settings section, select the Remote Gateway
(Static IP or Hostname) and then fill out the blank.
Configuring the Static IP or Hostname
Step4. Select Pre-Shared Key for Authentication Method and then enter the
Pre-Shared Key String.
Configuring the Authentication Method
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Step5. Under the ISAKMP Algorithm section, select 3DES for Encryption
Algorithm, select MD5 for Authentication Algorithm and then select
DH 1 for Key Group.
Configuring the IPSec Algorithm
Step6. Under the IPSec Algorithm section, select 3DES for Encryption
Algorithm and then select MD5 for Authentication Algorithm.
Configuring the IPSec Algorithm
Step7. Under the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select GROUP 1
for PFS Key Group, enter 3600 in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field,
enter 28800 in the IPSec SA Lifetime field and then select Main mode
for Mode.
Configuring the PFS Key Group, ISAKMP SA Lifetime, IPSec SA Lifetime and Mode
Step8. Policy Created.
Policy Created
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Step9. Go to Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Type the name in the Name field.
„ Local Settings: select LAN. Enter the local subnet and the mask.
„ Under the Remote Settings section, select Remote IP / Netmask
and then enter the local subnet and the mask.
„ Move the VPN_01 from the Available Tunnels column to the
Selected Tunnels column.
„ Tick Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the First Trunk
First Trunk Completed
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Step10.
Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey and then click the
New Entry button again.
The IPSec Autokey Page
Step11.
Type VPN_02 in the Name field and then select Port2(WAN1) for
the Interface.
Configuring the Name and the Interface
Step12.
Under the Remote Settings section, select Remote Gateway
(Static IP or Hostname) and then fill the field.
Configuring the Remote Gateway –Fixed IP or Domain Name
Step13.
Select Pre-Shared Key for Authentication Method and then
enter the Pre-Shared Key String.
Configuring the Authentication Method
Step14.
Under the ISAKMP Algorithm section, select 3DES for
Encryption Algorithm, select MD5 for Authentication Algorithm
and then select DH 1 for Key Group.
Configuring ISAKMP Algorithm
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Step15.
Under the IPSec Algorithm section, select Use both algorithms.
Select 3DES for Encryption Algorithm and MD5 for Authentication
Algorithm.
Configuring IPSec Algorithm
Step16.
Under the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select GROUP
1 for PFS Key Group, enter 3600 in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field,
enter 28800 in the IPSec SA Lifetime field and then select Main mode
for Mode.
Configuring the PFS Key Group, ISAKMP SA Lifetime, IPSec SA Lifetime and Mode
Step17.
Policy created.
Policy Created
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Step18.
Go to Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then
set as shown below:
„ Type the name in the Name field.
„ Local Settings: select LAN. Enter the IP address and the Mask in
the Local IP / Netmask field.
„ Under the Remote Settings section, select Remote IP / Netmask
and then enter the subnet and the mask.
„ Move the VPN_02 from the Available Tunnels to the Selected
Tunnels.
„ Tick Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Second Trunk
The Second Trunk Created
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Step19.
Go to Policy Object > VPN > Trunk Group, click New Entry and
then set as shown below:
„ Type the name in the Name field.
„ Move the IPSec_VPN_Trunk_01(LAN) and
IPSec_VPN_Trunk_02(LAN) from the Available Trunks column
to the Selected Trunks column.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Trunk Group
Trunk Group Created
The “IPSec_VPN_Trunk_01” (the VPN tunnel to Company A) and
“IPSec_VPN_Trunk_02” (the VPN tunnel to Company B) under Policy Object >
VPN > Trunk are mandatory for this hub-and-spoke IPSec VPN network.
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Step20.
Under Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Select the defined Trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Outgoing Policy with VPN Trunk
Policy Created
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Step21.
Go to Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the defined Trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Configuring an Incoming Policy with VPN Trunk
Policy Created
For B Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey and then click the New
Entry button.
The IPSec Autokey Page
Step 2. Type VPN_01 in the Name field and then select Port2(WAN1) for
Interface.
Configuring the Name and the Interface
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Step 3. Under the Remote Settings section, select Remote Gateway (Static
IP or Hostname) and then enter A Company’s IP.
Configuring the Remote Settings
Step 4. Select Pre-Shared Key for Authentication Method and then enter the
Pre-Shared Key String.
Configuring the Authentication Method
Step 5. Under the ISAKMP Algorithm section, select 3DES for Encryption
Algorithm, select MD5 for Authentication Algorithm and then select
DH for Key Group.
Configuring the ISAKMP Algorithm
Step 6. Under the IPSec Algorithm section, select Use both algorithms.
Select 3DES for Encryption Algorithm and then select MD5 for
Authentication Algorithm.
Configuring the IPSec Algorithm
Step 7. Under the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select GROUP 1
for PFS Key Group, enter 3600 in the ISAKMP SA Lifetime field,
enter 28800 in the IPSec SA Lifetime field and then select Main mode
for Mode.
Configuring the PFS Key Group, ISAKMP SA Lifetime, IPSec SA Lifetime and Mode
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Step 8. Setting completed.
IPSec Setting Completed
Step 9. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click the New Entry button and
then set as shown below:
„ Type the name in the Name field.
„ Local Settings: Select LAN. Local IP / Netmask: Enter the
subnet and the mask.
„ Under the Remote Settings section, select Remote IP / Netmask
and then enter the subnet and mask.
„ Move VPN_01 from the Available Tunnels column to the
Selected Tunnels column.
„ Tick Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Trunk
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Setting Completed
Step 10. Go to Policy Outgoing, click the New Entry button and then set
as shown below:
„ Select the defined Trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Configuring an Outgoing Policy with VPN Trunk
A Policy with VPN Trunk Created
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Step 11. Go to Policy > Incoming, click the New Entry button and then
set as shown below:
„ Select the defined Trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Configuring an Incoming Policy with VPN Trunk
A Policy with VPN Trunk Created
For C Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Under Policy Object > VPN > IPSec Autokey, click the New Entry
button and then set as shown below:
The IPSec Autokey Page
Step 2. Enter the name in the Name field and then select Port2(WAN1) for
Interface.
Configuring the Name and the Interface
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Step 3. Under the Remote Settings section, select Remote Gateway (Static
IP or Hostname) and then enter A Company’s IP in the field.
Configuring the Remote Settings
Step 4. Select Pre-Shared Key for Authentication Method and then enter the
Pre-Shared Key String.
Configuring the Authentication Method
Step 5. Under the ISAKMP Algorithm section, select 3DES for Encryption
Algorithm, select MD5 for Authentication Algorithm and then select
DH for Key Group.
Configuring the ISAKMP Algorithm
Step 6. Under the IPSec Algorithm section, select Use both algorithms.
Select 3DES for Encryption Algorithm and then select MD5 for
Authentication Algorithm.
Configuring the IPSec Algorithm
Step 7. Under the Advanced Settings (optional) section, select GROUP 1
from the PFS Key Group drop-down list. Enter 3600 in the ISAKMP
SA Lifetime field and then enter 28800 in the IPSec SA Lifetime field.
Configuring the PFS Key Group, ISAKMP SA Lifetime, IPSec SA Lifetime and Mode
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Step 8. Setting completed.
Setting Completed
Step 9. Go to Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click the New Entry button and
then set as shown below:
„ Type the name in the Name field.
„ Local Settings : Select LAN. Enter C Company’s subnet / mask
192.168.30.3 / 255.255.255.0 in the field.
„ Under the Remote Settings section, type A Company’s subnet /
mask 192.168.0.0 / 255.255.255.0 in the field.
„ Move VPN_02 from the Available Tunnels column to the
Selected Tunnels column.
„ Tick Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN.
„ Click OK.
Configuring the Trunk
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Setting Completed
Step 10. Go to Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the defined Trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Configuring an Outgoing Policy
Policy Completed
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Step 11. Go to Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the defined Trunk from the VPN Trunk drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Configuring an Incoming Policy
Setting Completed
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Step 12.
Setting completed.
The Deployment of IPSec VPN
4.8.1.6 Using Two Units of MH-2300 to Load Balance
Outbound PPTP VPN Traffic
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
[Company A]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.10.x / 24.
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Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Port 3 is defined as WAN 2 (61.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
[Company B]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.20.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.20.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Port 3 is defined as WAN 2 (211.33.33.33) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Two PPTP VPN tunnels are established between Company A and B over their
corresponding WAN 1 and WAN 2.
This example will be using two units of MH-2300 to establish VPN tunnels for
private network access as follows:
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For Company A, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Server and then set as shown
below:
„ Click the Modify button.
„ Tick Enable PPTP.
„ Tick Encryption.
„ Tick Allow Internet access via and then select the port.
„ Auto-disconnect if idle for: type 0.
„ Enter the Client IP – IP Range.
„ Click OK.
Enabling the PPTP Server
1.
The Internet access via PPTP VPN tunnel can be allowed or blocked when
connecting to the MH-2300 from an external network.
2.
Auto-disconnect if idle for: The PPTP VPN tunnels can be specified an
idle timeout value (unit: minute) respectively to automatically disconnect.
3.
To authenticate a PPTP VPN client using external RADIUS authentication
(refer to Chapter 8 for related configuration), click New Entry to define RADIUS
as the Authentication Type and add the client to the table under Policy Object
> VPN > PPTP Server.
Step 2. Go to Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Server and then set as shown
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below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Select “Internal” for Authentication Type.
„ Type “PPTP_01” in the Username field.
„ Type “123456789” in the Password field.
„ Select the radio box of “IP Range” under the Client IP
Assignment section.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
„ Click New Entry again.
„ Select “Internal” for Authentication Type.
„ Type in “PPTP_02” in the Username field.
„ Type in “987654321” in the Password field.
„ Select the radio box of “IP Range” under the Client IP
Assignment section.
„ Click OK.
Adding the First PPTP Server
The First PPTP Server Successfully Added
Adding the Second PPTP Server
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The Second PPTP Server Successfully Added
The PPTP server settings can be exported as a file for archiving and editing
purpose, which can be used for restoring the list later on.
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Step 3. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask of Company A.
„ Remote Settings : Specify the subnet and netmask of Company
B.
„ Select “PPTP_Server_PPTP_01” from the Available Tunnels
column on the left and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a VPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
When specifying the Remote IP Address / Netmask for a PPTP VPN trunk, it
merely takes a PPTP VPN tunnel to meet the requirement.
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Step 4. Go to Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 5. Go to Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
For B Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Client and then set as shown
below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Type in “PPTP_01” in the Username field.
„ Type in “123456789” in the Password field.
„ Specify the WAN 1 gateway address of Company A in the Server
IP or Hostname field.
„ Tick the box of “Encryption”.
„ Select “Port2 (WAN1)” for Interface.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
„ Click New Entry again.
„ Type in “PPTP_02” in the Username field.
„ Type in “987654321” in the Password field.
„ Specify the WAN 2 gateway address of Company A in the Server
IP or Hostname field.
„ Tick the box of “Encryption”.
„ Select “Port3 (WAN2)” for Interface.
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„
Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding the First PPTP Client
First PPTP Client Successfully Added
Adding the Second PPTP Client
Second PPTP Client Successfully Added
The Internet access via PPTP VPN tunnel or the access to an IPSec VPN
network requested by a PPTP VPN client needs to be achieved by ticking the
box of “NAT with PPTP client”.
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Step 2. Under Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask for Company B.
„ Remote Settings : Specify the subnet and netmask for Company
A.
„ Select “PPTP_Client_PPTP_01(61.11.11.11)” and
“PPTP_Client_PPTP_02 (61.22.22.22)” from the Available
Tunnels column on the left, and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a VPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
When Remote IP Address / Netmask is used for Remote Settings, please refer
to available number of WAN addresses to add the corresponding amount of
PPTP VPN tunnels to the trunk setting.
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Step 3. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 4.
Go to Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 5. PPTP VPN tunnels have been successfully established and
load-balanced between the two sites.
The Deployment of a Load-balanced PPTP VPN Network between Two Units of MH-2300
4.8.1.7
Using Two Units of MH-2300 to Provide PPTP VPN
Client with Internet Access via PPTP VPN Server
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
[Company A]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.10.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
[Company B]
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.20.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.20.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
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This example will be using two units of MH-2300 to establish a VPN tunnel for
providing the client-side users with Internet access as follows:
For Company A, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object >VPN > PPTP Server and then set as shown
below:
„ Click Modify.
„ Tick the box of “Enable PPTP server”.
„ Tick the box of “Encryption”.
„ Tick the box of “Split Tunneling via” and then select the
corresponding NIC port.
„ Type in “0” in the minute(s) field to stay connected.
„ Specify the Client IP / IP Range under the Client IP Assignment
section.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Enabling the PPTP Server
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Step 2. Go to Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Server, click New Entry and then
set as shown below:
„ Select “Internal” for Authentication Type.
„ Type in “PPTP_Connection” in the Username field.
„ Type in “123456789” in the Password field.
„ Select the radio box of “IP Range” under the Client IP
Assignment section.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a PPTP Server
PPTP Server Successfully Added
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For Company B, set as shown below;
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Client, click New Entry and then
set as shown below:
„ Type in “PPTP_Connection” in the Username field.
„ Type in “123456789” in the Password field.
„ Specify the WAN 1 gateway address of Company A in the Server
IP or Hostname field.
„ Tick the box of “Encryption”.
„ Select “Port2 (WAN1)” for Interface.
„ Tick the box of “NAT with PPTP Client”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a PPTP Client
PPTP Client Successfully Added
The Internet access via PPTP VPN tunnel requested by a PPTP client needs to
be achieved by ticking the box of “NAT with PPTP client”
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Step 2. Go to Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Specify a name for the VPN trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask for Company B.
„ Remote Settings : Specify the subnet and netmask for Company
A.
„ Select “PPTP_Client_PPTP_Connection(61.11.11.11)” from the
Available Tunnels column on the left, and then click Add.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a VPN Trunk
VPN Trunk Successfully Added
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Step 3. Go to Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy to Apply the VPN Trunk Settings
Policy Successfully Created
This example merely requires the VPN trunk of Company B to be applied to an
outgoing policy.
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Step 4. PPTP VPN tunnel has been successfully established between the
two sites, providing the client-side users with Internet access via the
server-side MH-2300.
The Deployment of a PPTP VPN Network between Two Units of MH-2300 to Provide
Client-side Users with Internet Access
4.8.1.8 Using a Unit of MH-2300 and a Windows 7 PC to
Establish a PPTP VPN Tunnel
Prerequisite Configuration (Note: The IP addresses are used as examples
only)
Company A is running a unit of MH-2300 with the following configuration:
Port 1 is defined as LAN 1 (192.168.10.1) and is connected to the LAN subnet
192.168.10.x / 24.
Port 2 is defined as WAN 1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR).
Company B is running a Windows 7 PC with an IP address of 211.22.22.22.
This example will be using a unit of MH-2300 and a Windows 7 PC to establish
a VPN tunnel for private network access as follows.
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For Company A, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Server and then set as shown
below:
„ Click Modify.
„ Tick the box of “Enable PPTP server”.
„ Tick the box of “Encryption”.
„ Tick the box of “Split Tunneling via” and then select the
corresponding NIC port.
„ Type in “0” in the minute(s) field to stay connected.
„ Specify the Client IP / IP Range under the Client IP Assignment
section.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Enabling the PPTP Server
1.
The Internet access via PPTP VPN tunnel can be allowed or blocked when
connecting to the MH-2300 from an external network.
2.
The PPTP VPN tunnels can be specified an idle timeout value (unit: minute)
respectively to automatically disconnect.
3.
The access to an IPSec VPN network requested by a PPTP VPN client
needs to be achieved by assigning a LAN 1 (192.168.10.x) address to the
client-side user. In such a case, the PPTP VPN tunnel will be only accessible
through the WAN address of IPSec VPN network.
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Step 2. Under Policy Object > VPN > PPTP Server, click New Entry and
then set as shown below:
„ Select “Internal” for Authentication Type.
„ Type in “PPTP_Connection” in the Username field.
„ Type in “123456789” in the Password field.
„ Select the radio box of “IP Range” under the Client IP
Assignment section.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Adding a PPTP Server
PPTP Server Successfully Added
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Step 3. Go to Policy Object > VPN > Trunk, click New Entry and then set as
shown below:
„ Specify a name for the VPN Trunk.
„ Local Settings: Select “LAN” for Interface and specify the subnet
and netmask for Company A.
„ Remote Settings : Select Remote Client.
„ Select “PPTP_Server_PPTP_Connection” from the Available
Tunnels column on the left and then click Add.
„ Tick the box of “Enable NetBIOS Broadcast over VPN”.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Trunk for the VPN Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
The Local Settings from Step 3 must be specified with the LAN subnet of an
IPSec VPN network if the access to it is requested by a PPTP VPN client.
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Step 4. Go to Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy for Allowing Outgoing VPN Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 5. Under Policy > Incoming, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the VPN trunk for VPN Trunk.
„ Click OK to complete the settings.
Creating a Policy for Allowing Incoming VPN Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
For B Company, set as shown below:
Step 1. Go to Start > Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and
Sharing Center, and then set as shown below:
„ Select “Set up a new connection or network” under the Change
your networking settings section.
„ In the Set Up a Connection or Network dialog box:
‹ Select “Connection to a workplace”.
‹ Click Next.
„ In the Connect to a Workplace dialog box:
‹ Click Use my Internet connection (VPN).
‹ Internet address: Type in “61.11.11.11”.
‹ Destination name: Specify a name.
‹ Tick the box of “Don’t connect now, just set it up so I can
connect later”.
‹ Click Next.
‹ Type in “PPTP_Connection” in the User name field.
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„
„
‹ Type in “123456789” in the Password field.
‹ Tick the box of “Remember this password”.
‹ Click Create.
‹ Click Close.
Click Change adapter settings on the left panel:
In the Network Connections window:
‹ Right-click VPN Connection and select “Connect” from the
shortcut menu.
‹ In the Connect VPN Connection dialog box:
z Click Connect.
‹ The VPN Connection has been established successfully.
Selecting “Control Panel” on the Start Menu
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Selecting “Set up a new connection or network”
Selecting “Connect to a Workplace”
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Choosing a Connection Method
Specifying an Internet Address to be Connected To
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Entering Your VPN Credentials in the Corresponding Fields
VPN Connectivity Configuration Successfully Completed
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Selecting “Change Adapter Settings” on the Left Panel
Right-clicking the VPN Connection Icon to Select “Connect” from the Shortcut Menu
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Clicking “Connect” to Establish a VPN Connection
Vertifying the VPN Credentials
VPN Connection Successfully Established
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Step 2. PPTP VPN tunnel has been successfully established between the
MH-2300 and the Windows 7 PC.
The Deployment of a PPTP VPN Network between MH-2300 and Windows7 PC
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Chapter 5.
Web Filter
5.1 Configuration
Websites, files, MIME types or scripting languages can be blocked to
avoid cyberslacking or being affected by malicious codes (e.g., viruses) through
the following means:
„
„
„
„
„
Whitelist : Allows you to permit the access to a specific website using an
exact URL address or a keyword along with a wildcard character “*”.
Blacklist : Allows you to block the access to a specific website using an
exact URL address or a keyword along with a wildcard character “*”.
File Extensions: Allows you to block the HTTP or FTP file transfer based on
their file extension.
MIME/Script: Allows you to block the pop-up windows, ActiveX controls,
Java applets and website cookies.
Group: Allows you to group the filtering rules as per mentioned above to
block the access to specific websites.
Terms in Settings
Alert Message Settings
„ The users who attempt to access a blocked website will be presented with
the customizable notification message.
Web Filter Log Settings
„ The logs may be stored in the designated remote storage device.
‹ Go to Web Filter > Configuration > Settings and then set as shown
below:
z Click Enable message alerts for website blocking and then
enter the alert message to be displayed.
z Click OK.
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The Web Filtering Settings
Prior to enabling the syslog feature, please configure the System Message
Settings under System > Configuration > Settings.
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‹
Below is an alert message shown to an internal user who is in an
attempt to visit a forbidden website.
The Denial Message for a Blacklisted Website
Terms in Whitelist
Name
„ The name of a Whitelist rule.
URL
„ Specifies a keyword or an exact URL address to permit the website access.
„ To allow the access to all websites, type a wildcard “*” only.
Exclude File Extensions settings
„ When ticked, files of specified extensions on the whitelisted website can be
accessed.
Terms in Blacklist
Name
„ The name of a blacklist rule.
URL
„ Specifies a keyword or an exact URL address to block the website access.
„ To block the access to all websites, type a wildcard “*” only.
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The filtering mechanisms are performed in the following order: Whitelist Blacklist Group.
Terms in File Extensions
Name
„ The name of a file extension rule.
Predefined File Extensions (Select All)
„ Allows you to block the HTTP or FTP file transfer based on the selected
predefined file extensions.
Custom File Extensions (Select All)
„ Allows you to block the HTTP or FTP file transfer based on the selected
custom file extensions.
All types of file extensions
„ Allows you to block all HTTP or FTP file transfers.
Any file extensions used by downloaded manager software
„ Allows you to block all file transfers processed through any downloaded
manager.
Terms in MIME/Script
Name
„ The name of an MIME/Script filtering rule.
Script
„ Pop-up Window:Blocking pop-up windows.
„ ActiveX Control:Disallowing the execution of ActiveX.
„ Java Applet:Disallowing the execution of Java.
„ Browser Cookie:Blocking website cookies.
MIME Type
„ MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is an Internet standard that
extends the format of e-mail. It supports the binary contents and texts in
character sets other than ASCII. In addition, it is also used for
communication protocols such as HTTP.
„ MIME is used to define the encoding method of an email message.
„ “Content-Type” is used to the type of an email message using the header
information, which can be categorized into two types:
‹ Type:
‹ Text: For filtering a text message that is composed of multiple charsets
or formats.
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‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
Multipart: For filtering a message that is composed of multiple
subtypes.
Application:For filtering any application or binary datagrams.
Message:For constructing a MIME message.
Image:For filtering any non-animated images.
Audio:For filtering any audio packets.
Video:For filtering any video packets.
Subtype:
text/plain (for filtering a plain text document)
text/html (for filtering an HTML document)
application/xhtml+xml (for filtering an XHTML document)
image/gif (for filtering a GIF image)
image/jpeg (for filtering a JPEG image)
image/png (for filtering a PNG image)
z video/mpeg (for filtering an MPEG video)
z application/octet-stream (for filtering any octet datagrams)
z application/pdf (for filtering a PDF document)
z application/msword (for filtering an MS Word document)
All the filtering rules, despite the type, are required to be applied to a group
setting and then a policy.
5.1.1 Examples of Web Filter
5.1.1.1 Regulating the Website Access Through Whitelist and
Blacklist Rule
Step 1. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > Whitelist and then set as shown
below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ In the URL field, type the keyword of the URL, such as “yahoo”.
„ Click OK.
„ Click New Entry again.
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ In the URL fIield, type the keyword of URL, such as “google”.
„ Click OK.
Creating the First Whitelist Rule
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Creating the Second Whitelist Rule
Whitelist Rules Successfully Created
Whitelist rules can be exported as a file for storage, which can be used for
restoring the list later on.
Step 2. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > Blacklist and then set as shown
below:
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ In the URL field, enter *.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Blacklist Rule
Blacklist Rule Successfully Created
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Blacklist rules can be exported as a file for storage, which can be used for
restoring the list later on.
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Step 3. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > Group, click New Entry and then
set as shown below:
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ Move the Whitelist from the Available Whitelists column to the
Applied Whitelists column.
„ Move the Blacklist from the Available Blacklists column to the
Applied Blacklists column.
„ Click OK.
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Grouping Whitelist and Blacklist Rules
The Group Setting for Web Filtering Rules
Step 4. Go to Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the defined group from the Web Filter drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
„ By applying this policy, only websites containing “yahoo” or
“google” in the domain name will be permitted.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Web Filtering Rules
Policy Successfully Created
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5.1.1.2 Blocking the Website Access, HTTP / FTP File
Transfers, and MIME / Script Types
Step 1. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > File Extensions, click New
Entry and then set as shown below:
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ Select All types of file extensions.
„ Click OK.
Creating a File Extension Rule
The File Extension Rule for Blocking File Transfers
1. Under Web Filter > Configuration > File Extensions, file extensions can be
added as shown in the following steps:
„ Click Modify next to Available File Extensions and then click New Entry.
„ Type the extenstion in the field.
„ Click OK.
Creating a File Extension
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Specifying the Name of the File Extension
File Extension Successfully Created
Step 2. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > MIME/Script, click New Entry
and then set as shown below:
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ Under the Forbidden Script Types section, tick Pop-up Window,
ActiveX Control, Java Applet and Browser Cookie.
„ Move the MIME type from the Available MIME Types column to
the Applied MIME Types column.
„ Click OK.
Creating a MIME / Script Rule
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The MIME / Script Rule for Blocking Scripting Languages
Under Web Filter > Configuration > MIME/ Script, MIME type can be added as
in the following steps:
„ Click Modify next to Available MIME Types and then click Add.
„ Enter the MIME Types in the field.
„ Click OK.
Creating a MIME Type
Specifying the Name of the MIME Type
MIME Type Successfully Created
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Step 3. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > Group, click New Entry and then
set as shown below:
„ Specify a name in the Name field.
„ Select the defined rule from the Upload Blocking drop-down list
and the Download Blocking drop-down list.
„ Select the defined rule from the MIME/Script drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
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Grouping the Filtering Rules
The Group Setting for Web Filtering Rules
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Step 4. Go to Policy > Outgoing, click New Entry and then set as shown
below:
„ Select the defined group from the Web Filter drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Web Filtering Settings
Policy Successfully Created
5.2 Reports
Reports deliver you an insight into the website filtering operation with the
detailed logs and statistics.
Terms in Settings
Periodic Report Scheduling Settings
„ Generates and sends out a periodic report to the designated recipient(s)
based on a schedule.
„ Configures the maximum items per statistics chart.
Historical Report Scheduling Settings
„ Generates the report of a specific date and instantly sends it to the
designated recipient(s).
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‹
Under System > Configuration > Settings, configure the Email
Notifications Settings, and then refer to the following to adjust
settings under Web Filter > Reports > Settings:
z Under the Periodic Report Scheduling Settings section, tick
Enable the mailing of Periodic Report and then select Weekly
report and Daily report.
z Click OK.
z The recipient will receive the reports based upon the schedule.
z Under the Historical Report Scheduling Settings section,
specify the date to send the report.
z Click Send Report.
z The recipient will then receive the report(s).
Schedule for periodic report:
„
Weekly report is produced at 00:00 hours on the first day of every week.
„
Daily report is produced at 00:00 hours every day.
The Periodic Report Settings
A Daily Report Sent through an Email Message
The History Report Settings
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A Weekly History Report Sent through an Email Message
The First Page of History Report
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Terms in Logs
Search
„ Category: Available searching criteria are time, source IP address, website,
category and action.
„ Upload: Available searching criteria are time, source IP addrss, website,
filename, filtering rule and action.
„ Download: Available searching criteria are time, source IP address,
website, filename, filtering rule and action.
„ MIME/Script: Available searching criteria are time, source IP address,
website, filtering rule and action.
‹ Go to Web Filter > Reports > Logs, click the Search icon to start a
search:
z Enable the searching duration and specify a period of time to
search within.
z Select “All” for Category.
z Select “All” for Status.
z Click Search.
z Click Download to store the result.
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Searching for the Specific Logs
1.
Under Web Filter > Reports > Logs, the Category reports can be sorted
by the time, source IP, website address, category or action.
2.
Under Web Filter > Reports > Logs, the Downloaded and Uploaded
reports can be sorted by the time, source IP, website address, filename, filtering
rule or action.
3.
Under Web Filter > Reports > Logs, the MIME/Script reports can be
sorted by the time, source IP, website address, filtering rule or action.
5.2.1 Statistics
Step 1. Under Web Filter > Reports > Statistics, bar charts shows the report
of URL blocking.
„ Click Day for daily statistical report.
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„
„
„
Click Week for weekly statistical report.
Click Month for monthly statistical report.
Click Year for yearly statistical report.
Web Filtering Statistical Report
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5.2.2 Logs
Step 1. Under Web Filter > Reports > Logs, there it shows the URL blocking
logs.
The Web Filtering Logs
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Chapter 6.
Policy
6.1 Policy
MH-2300 inspects each packet passing through the device to see if it
meets the criteria of any policy. Every packet is processed according to the
designated policy; consequently any packets that do not meet the criteria will
not be permitted to pass.
The items of a policy include Source Address, Destination Address,
Service, Schedule, Authentication, VPN Trunk, Action, Packet Log, Traffic
Grapher, Web Filter, Application Blocking, QoS, Max. Bandwidth per Source IP,
P2P Bandwidth Limits, Max. Concurrent Sessions per IP, Max. Concurrent
Sessions, Traffic Quota per Session, Quota per Source IP, Traffic Quota per
Day, IP Redirection, etc. The IT administrator could determine the outgoing and
incoming service or application of which data packets should be blocked or
processed by configuring these items.
The IT administrator can customize the policy based on the source address,
source port, destination address and destination port of a packet. According to
the attribute of a packet, the policy setting is categorized into:
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
Outgoing: Applied to the traffic that are from the LAN and heading to the
WAN.
Incoming: Applied to the traffic that are from the WAN and heading to the
LAN (e.g., originated from a mapped IP or virtual server).
WAN to DMZ: Applied to the traffic that are from the WAN and heading to
the DMZ (e.g., originated from a mapped IP or virtual server).
LAN to DMZ : Applied to the traffic that are from the LAN and heading to
the DMZ.
DMZ to WAN : Applied to the traffic that are from the DMZ and heading to
the WAN.
DMZ to LAN : Applied to the traffic that are from the DMZ and heading to
the LAN.
LAN to LAN : Applied to the traffic that are from the LAN and heading to
the LAN.
DMZ to DMZ: Applied to the traffic that are from the DMZ and heading to
the DMZ.
1.
MH-2300 packets are only processed when the criteria of a network policy
are met. Consequently, connections between any two networks require a policy
to be established.
2.
VPN connections established by MH-23001000 can be aggregated into a
trunk as well as applied to a network policy so as to manage the access
privileges.
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Terms in Policy
Source Address & Destination Address
„ Source address and Destination address is based around using the device
as a point of reference. The initiating point of a session is referred to as the
source address.
„ For a quick modification of address, Mapped IPs, Port Mapping and
Port-Mapping Group settings, click the IP address in the Source or
Destination column.
Service
„ The service to be regulated. Available options are the system default
services and the customized services.
„ To modify the service settings, click the service in the Service column.
Options
„ It shows the function that has been activated. When a function is activated,
the symbol corresponding to it will appear (see the table below).
Symbol
Meaning
Description
Schedule
The policy is applied as scheduled. scheduled.
Authentication
Authentication is applied to the policy.
Packet Logging
Traffic Grapher
Packet logging is activated by the policy.
Traffic grapher is activated by the policy.
Web Filter
Web filtering is activated by the policy.
Application
BlQoS
ki
Application blocking is activated by the policy.
QoS is activated by the policy.
IP Redirection
The source address in the packets processed
by the policy will carry a translated IP or their
original IP based on the selected option:
Automatic, Routing or NAT.
Schedule
„ The time at which a policy executes.
„ To modify the schedule settings, click the schedule icon
column.
in the Options
Authentication
„ This requires users to be authenticated to create a connection.
in the Options
„ To modify the schedule settings, click the schedule icon
column.
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VPN Trunk
„ This is where you apply the policy to regulate the session packets of IPSec
or PPTP VPN.
Action
„ It determines over which WAN interfaces/ packets are permitted to pass
through (see the table below).
Symbol
Meaning
Description
Allowed to pass
through all WAN
interfaces
Packets that meet the criteria of the policy
are allowed to pass through the WAN
interfaces..
Allowed to pass
through WAN 1
interface
Packets that meet the criteria of the policy
are allowed
to pass through WAN 1.
interface.
Allowed to pass
through WAN 2
Packets that meet the criteria of the policy
are allowed to pass through WAN 2. .
Allowed to pass over Only VPN packets that meet the criteria of
VPN Trunk
the policy are allowed.
Access denied
Paused
Packets that meet the criteria of the policy
will be denied.
The policy is currently suspended.
Packet Logging
„ Records the packet transmissions managed by the policy, such as Protocol,
Port, Source IP, Destination IP, etc. To see the logs, click the Packet
Logging icon .
„ To view a packet log, click the packet logging icon
in the Options
column.
Traffic Grapher
„ When enabled, there will be a chart drawn from the statistics of traffic flow.
„ To view a traffic graph, click the traffic grapher icon
in the Options
column.
Web Filter
„ Restricts the use of HTTP or FTP protocol.
„ To modify the web filter settings, click the icon
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Application Blocking
„ Blocks the use of instant messaging, peet-to-peer sharing, video / audio
streaming, Web-based email messaging, online gaming, VPN tunneling,
remote controlling and other applications.
„ To modify the application blocking settings, click the icon
in the
Options column.
QoS
„ The guaranteed and maximum bandwidth settings. (Note: The bandwidth is
allocated to users that meet the criteria of the policy.)
in the Options column.
„ To modify the QoS settings, click the icon
Max. Bandwidth per Source IP
„ Limits the bandwidth of each IP address respectively.
1.
When the total sum of Max. Bandwidth per Source IP has reached the
maximum bandwidth of QoS, there will be no spare bandwidth available for new
sessions.
2.
The Max. Bandwidth per Source IP can ensure that every LAN user
accesses bandwidth fairly.
P2P Bandwidth Limits
„ It determines the maximum bandwidth of P2P application.
Max. Bandwidth
„ It determines the maximum bandwidth of the policy. (Note: The bandwidth
is allocated to users that meet the criteria of the policy.)
New Sessions Per IP Per Second
„ It determines the number of sessions that can be established per IP per
second. Once the number of sessions exceeds the specified value, new
sessions cannot be established.
Max. Concurrent Sessions Per IP
„ It determines the maximum number of concurrent sessions of each IP
address. If the amount of sessions exceeds the specified value, new
sessions will not be created.
Max. Concurrent Sessions
„ It determines the maximum number of concurrent sessions of a policy. If
the amount of sessions exceeds the specified value, new sessions will not
be created.
Max. Concurrent Sessions overrides Max. Concurrent Sessions per IP in a
policy. When the specified value of Max. Concurrent Sessions exceeds the one
of Max. Concurrent Sessions per IP, the policy will apply the value of Max.
Concurrent Sessions.
Traffic Quota per Session
„ It determines the total traffic amount of a session. (KBytes)
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Traffic Quota per Source IP
„ It determines the quota of per source IP of a policy. (MBytes)
Traffic Quota per Day
„ It determines the total traffic amount of a session per day. (MBytes)
IP Redirection
„ There are three modes for WAN, LAN and DMZ:
‹ Automatic: Automatically transferring the source IP address to the
default IP address of MH-2300 device.
‹ Routing: Delivering the packets using its original source IP and
Destination IP.
‹ NAT: Transferring the Source IP address to the designated IP address
on the MH-2300 interface’s subnet.
Under Network > Interface, the NAT Redirection, which is available for WAN
interfaces, can be used for translating internal addresses into external
addresses, whereas the IP Redirection (when selected as “NAT” ) of a network
policy is to translate IP addresses from specific subnets.
Pause
„ When modifications are required on existing settings, such as Address and
QoS, you may temporarily disable the policy so as to modify the policy.
Priority
„ When accessing packets, MH-2300 inspects the packet to see if it is
identical with the criteria of existing policies. The packet-to-policy
inspection is performed by the priority of policies. Therefore, in order to
optimize the process, you may rearrange the priority of policies accordingly
by changing the figure in the drop-down list of each policy.
6.1.1
Example
Prerequisite Configuration
Port1 is defined as LAN1 (192.168.1.1, NAT/ Routing mode) and is connected
to the LAN: 192.168.1.X/24.
Port2 is defined as WAN1 (61.11.11.11) and is connected to the Internet via the
ADSL modem (ATUR). (IP range: 61.11.11.10 to 61.11.11.14)
Port3 is defined as WAN2 (211.22.22.22) and is connected to the Internet via
the ADSL modem (ATUR). (IP range: 211.22.22.18 to 211.22.22.30)
Port4 is defined as DMZ1.
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6.1.1.1 Creating a Policy to Monitor the Internet Access of LAN
Users (Using Packet Logging and Traffic Grapher)
Step 1. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Enable the Packet Logging.
„ Enable the Traffic Grapher.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Packet Logging and Traffic Grapher Settings
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 2. Click the Packet Logging icon
of a policy to see the log.
„ On the upper-left corner, click the Refresh button or select a
refresh interval from the drop-down list to obtain the up-to-date
session information.
„ Click any Source IP or Destination IP for sessions accessed
through the IP address that you click on.
„ For details of all sessions accessed through MH-2300, go to
Monitoring > Logs > Traffic on the main menu.
The Packets Logged by a Policy
Packet Information Screen
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Step 3. Under Monitoring > Traffic Grapher > Policy-Based Traffic, the
traffic flow is displayed in graphics, giving you an instant insight into
the traffic status.
The Traffic Statistics Screen
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6.1.1.2 Creating Policies to Restrict the Access to Specific
Web Sites
Step 1. Go to Web Filter > Configuration > Whitelist / Blacklist / File
Extensions / MIME / Script / Group and then set as shown below:
The Whitelist Rules for Allowing Website Access
The Blacklist Rules for Blocking Website Access
The File Extension Rules for Blocking File Transfers
The MIME / Script Rule for Blocking Scripting Languages
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The Group Setting for Web Filtering Rules
Step 2. Go to Policy Object > Application Blocking > Settings and then set
as shown below:
Creating an Application Blocking Rule
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Application Blocking Rule Successfully Created
1.
Web Filter is intended for blocking the access to specific websites,
scripting languages (e.g., the Java and cookies used on a stock exchange
website), or HTTP / FTP file transfers.
2.
Application Blocking is intended for blocking the use of instant
messaging, peer-to-peer sharing, video / audio streaming, Web-based email
messaging, online gaming, VPN tunneling, remote controlling and other
applications.
Go to Policy Object > Address > WAN / WAN Group and then set as shown
below:
The Address Settings for the Remote Servers
The Group Setting for WAN Addresses
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Step 3. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Select the defined group from the Destination Address field.
„ Select Deny all outgoing connections for Action.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for Denying All Outgoing Connections
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Step 4. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Click New Entry.
„ Select the defined group from the Web Filter drop-down list.
„ Select the defined rule from the Application Blocking drop-down
list.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Web Filtering and Application Blocking Settings
Policy Successfully Created
The Deny ALL feature of a policy can block the packets that meet the criteria.
The IT administrator can adjust the order of this policy to the first rank so as to
stop LAN users from accessing specific IP address.
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6.1.1.3 Creating a Policy to Grant Internet Access to Only
Authenticated Users on Schedule
Step 1. Go to Policy Object > Schedule > Settings and then set as shown
below:
Figure 16-18 The Schedule Setting for Internet Access
Step 2. Go to Policy Object > Authentication > Account / Group and then
set as shown below:
The Group Setting for User Authentication
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Step 3. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Select the defined group from the Authentication drop-down list.
„ Select the defined rule from the Schedule drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Schedule and Authentication Settings
Policy Successfully Created
6.1.1.4 Creating a Policy to Enable a Remote User to Control a
LAN PC by Remote Control Software (pcAnywhere)
Step 1. Set up a computer to be remotely controlled; its IP address is
192.168.1.2.
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Virtual Server > Port Mapping, set as shown
below:
The Mapping Rule for the Remote Controlling
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Step 3. Under Policy > Incoming, set as shown below:
„ Select the defined Virtual Server for Destination Address.
„ Select “PC-Anywhere(5617-5632)” for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for External Users Controlling an Internal PC Remotely
Policy Successfully Created
6.1.1.5 Creating a Policy to Limit the Downloaded Bandwidth,
Daily Traffic Quota and Maximum Concurrent Sessions
of FTP Service (Running FTP Server in DMZ in NAT
Mode)
Step 1. Set up an FTP server in DMZ with an IP address of 192.168.3.2. (The
DMZ subnet is set to 192.168.3.1/24.)
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Virtual Server > Port Mapping, set as shown
below:
The Mapping Rule for the FTP Server
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To avoid exposing your networks to hackers, it is strongly recommended not to
select “ANY” for Service when configuring an incoming policy or WAN-to-DMZ
policy.
Step 3. Go to Policy Object > QoS > Settings and then set as shown below:
The QoS Setting for the FTP Service
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Step 4. Go to Policy > WAN to DMZ and then set as shown below
„ Select the defined rule from the Destination Address drop-down
list.
„ Select “FTP(24-21)” from the Service drop-down list.
„ Select the defined rule from the QoS drop-down list.
„ Enter “100” in the Max. Concurrent Sessions field.
„ Type “100000” in the Traffic Quota Per Day field.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for External Users Accessing FTP Server
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Policy Successfully Created
6.1.1.6 Creating Policies to Enable LAN / WAN Users to Have
Email Access (Running Mail Server in DMZ in
Transparent Mode)
Step 1. Set up a mail server in DMZ with an IP address of 61.11.11.12 and
resolve the domain name with an external DNS server.
Step 2. Under Policy Object > Address > DMZ, set as shown below:
The Address Setting for the DMZ Mail Server
Step 3. Under Policy Object > Service > Group, set as shown below:
The Group Setting for Email Service
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Step 4. Under Policy > WAN To DMZ, set as shown below:
„ Select the predefined address rule for Destination Address.
„ Select the predefined service rule for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for External Users Accessing DMZ Mail Server
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 5. Under Policy > LAN To DMZ, set as shown below:
„ Select the predefined address rule for Destination Address.
„ Select the predefined service rule for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for Internal Users Accessing DMZ Mail Server
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 6. Under Policy > DMZ To WAN, set as shown below:
„ Select the predefined address rule for Source Address.
„ Select the predefined service rule for Service.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy for External Users Accessing the DMZ Mail Server
Policy Successfully Created
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Chapter 7.
Abnormal IP Flow
7.1 Abnormal IP Flow
Once an abnormal traffic flow is detected, MH-2300 will take action to
block the flow of packets. This protection ensures that the network remains
operational, and consequently the business revenue generating opportunities
are left undisturbed.
7.1.1 Example
7.1.1.1 Configuring the Alert Notification for Abnormal IP
Flow and Blocking the DDoS Attack from the Infected
Devices
Step 1. Go to System > Configuration > Settings and then configure the
settings under the Email Notification Settings section.
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Step 2. Go to Anomaly Flow IP > Settings and then set as shown below:
„ Enter the Traffic Threshold per IP. (The default value is 100)
„ Tick Enable Anomaly Flow IP Blocking and then type the
Blocking Time. (The default value is 60)
„ Tick Enable E-Mail Alert Notification.
„ Tick Enable SNMP traps.
„ Tick Enable NetBIOS notification and then type the
Administrator’s IP Address.
„ Click OK.
Anomaly Flow IP Settings
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1.
Detection-excluded IP can be used for excluding specific IPs from
detection.
2.
Users whose PCs emit abnormal traffic flows can receive a customizable
message in their browser to alert them about the incident.
Step 3. When a DDoS attack occurs, MH-2300 generates a corresponding log
under Anomaly Flow IP > Virus-infected IP.
The Virus-Infected IP Address Table
Step 4. The alert notification sent to the designated recipient.
Step 5. Internal virus-infected users will see an alert message upon opening a
web browser. MH-2300 limits virus-infected users’ bandwidth to a
minimum in order to oblige users to take action to remove virus. Note:
The alert message merely appears to virus-infected users at the very
first time to open a web browser after the infection.
An Alert Message Shown to a Virus-Infected User
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Chapter 8.
Monitoring
8.1 Logs
Log comprises logs of Traffic, Events, Connections, Viruses, Application
Blocking, Concurrent Sessions and Quota. The system may send the logs to
the IT administrator automatically or back up the logs to a remote device.
„
„
„
„
„
„
Traffic Logs can be enabled under Policy, the sessions of the Policy will be
recorded in detail.
Event Logs have the records of any system configurations made. Each log
denotes who, when, what and where that a configuration is being modified.
Connection Logs comprehensively record all connection related data, such
as VPN, PPPoE, SMTP, POP3, etc., providing the IT administrator with an
instant insight when any connection issues arise.
Application Blocking Logs provide details of all the applications that have
been blocked by the MH-2300.
Concurrent Sessions Logs provide details of the Max. Concurrent Sessions
of each policy.
Quota Logs provide details of the quota of each policy.
Terms in Settings
Logging Settings
„ Logs are sent to the designated recipient once the file size reaches 300
KB.
„ Logs can be backed up onto the remote device.
„ The log setting of traffic, events, connections, application blocking,
concurrent sessions and traffic quota:
‹ You may enable email logs, syslog messages, RSS feeds,
accordingly.
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8.1.1 Traffic
8.1.1.1 Viewing the Logs of Used Protocols and Port Numbers
Step 1. Go to Policy> DMZ To WAN and set as shown below:
„ Enable the Packet Logging.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Enable Packet Logging for DMZ Traffic
Policy Successfully Created
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Step 2. Under Monitoring > Logs > Traffic, it shows the traffic status of a
policy.
„ Click any Source IP or Destination IP, you will see of which
protocols and ports it used and its traffic.
„ To clear the logs, click the Clear button and then click OK in the
confirmation window.
The Traffic Logs
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The Traffic Logs of a Specific IP Address
Deleting All the Traffic Logs
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8.1.2 Events
8.1.2.1 Viewing the System Events and WAN Status
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Logs > Events, there it shows the system history
access and the status of WAN.
The Event Logs
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8.1.3 Connections
8.1.3.1 Viewing the Logs of WAN Connectivity
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Logs > Connections, it shows the logs of
PPPoE, Dynamic IP Address, DHCP, PPTP Server, PPTP Client,
IPSec and Web VPN.
„ To delete the logs, click the Clear button and then click OK in the
confirmation window.
The Connection Logs
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Deleting All the Connection Logs
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8.1.4 Application Blocking
8.1.4.1 Viewing the Logs of IPs That Attempted to Access
Restricted Applications
Step 1. Under Policy > Outgoing, set as shown below:
„ Select the defined application blocking.
„ Click OK.
Creating a Policy to Apply the Application Blocking Settings
Policy Successfully Created
Step 2. Under Monitoring > Logs > Application Blocking, it shows the logs
of applicatons that have been blocked.
„ To delete the logs, click the Clear button and then click OK from
the confirmation window.
The Application Blocking Logs
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Deleting the Application Blocking Logs
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8.1.5 Concurrent Sessions
8.1.5.1 Viewing the Logs of IPs That Exceeded Concurrent
Sessions Threshold
Step 1. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Enter a value in the Max. Concurrent Sessions per IP field
„ Click OK.
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Creating a Policy to Limit the Maximum Concurrent Sessions
Policy Successfully Created
Step 2. Under Monitoring > Logs > Concurrent Sessions, it shows the logs
of the concurrent sessions that have exceeded the specified value.
„ To delete the logs, click the Clear button and then click OK in the
confirmation window.
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8.1.6 Quota
8.1.6.1 Viewing the Logs of IPs That Exceeded Traffic Quota
Step 1. Go to Policy > Outgoing and then set as shown below:
„ Type a value in the Quota per Source IP field.
„ Click OK.
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Creating a Policy to Limit the Network Traffic on a Per-IP Basis
Policy Successfully Created
Step 2. Under Monitoring > Logs > Quota, it shows the logs of the quota that
have reached the configured value.
„ To delete the logs, click the Clear button and then click OK in the
confirmation window.
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8.1.7 Logging Settings
8.1.7.1 Archiving or Retrieving Logs Generated by MH-2300
Step 1. Go to System > Configuration > Settings and then set as shown
below:
„ Tick Enable email notifications and then configure the related
settings.
„ Tick Enable syslog messages and then configure the related
settings.
Enabling Email Notifications
Enabling Syslog Messages
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Step 2. Go to Monitoring > Logs > Settings and then set as shown below:
The Logging Settings
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8.2 Traffic Grapher
This chapter will cover the operation of Traffic Grapher, which allows for
viewing the statistical graphs of a WAN interface or a network policy.
„
„
WAN Traffic provides the statistical graphs of traffic or packets that are
processed through a network interface.
Policy-based Traffic provides the statistical graphs of traffic or packets that
are managed by a network policy.
Terms in Traffic Grapher
Statistical Graph
„ Vertical axis indicates the network traffic or packets.
„ Horizontal axis indicates the time.
Direction / Source / Destination / Service / Action
„ The table headings of the network policies that the Traffic Grapher is
enabled.
Time
„ The statistical graphs are available in different time units, including minute,
hour, day and week.
The update intervals of statistical graphs are as follows:
„
Minutes:Statistics are refreshed on a minutely basis.
„
Hours:Statistics are refreshed on a hourly basis.
„
Days:Statistics are refreshed on a daily basis.
„
Weeks:Statistics are refreshed on a weekly basis.
Bits/sec/ Bytes/sec/ Utilization/ Accumulated (Total)
„ The basic units of network traffic or packets are as follows:
‹ Bits/sec: Data transmission is measured in bits per second.
‹ Bytes/sec: Data transmission is measured in byte per second.
‹ Utilization: Traffic or packets are shown by the proportion relative to
the Max. Downstream / Upstream Bandwidth specified within a
WAN interface.
‹ Accumulated (Total): Traffic or packets are shown by the total traffic
or packets accumulated.
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8.2.1 WAN Traffic
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Traffic Grapher > WAN Traffic, the statistical
graphs of a WAN interface are available in different time units.
„ Click Minutes for statistics that are graphed per minute.
„ Click Hours for statistics that are graphed per hour.
„ Click Days for statistics that are graphed per day.
„ Click Weeks for statistics that are graphed per week.
The WAN Statistical Graphs Available on Different Time Bases
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The WAN Statistical Graphs
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1.
The Traffic Grapher is automatically activated after a WAN interface is
added under Network > Interface.
2.
The statistical graphs from a specific time can be obtained by using the
date and time pickers (drop-down lists) and the Refresh button.
8.2.2 Policy-based Traffic
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Traffic Grapher > Policy-Based Traffic, the
statistical graphs of a network policy are available in different time
units (only if the Traffic Grapher is enabled within the policy):
„ Click Minutes for the statistics that are graphed per minute.
„ Click Hours for the statistics that are graphed per hour.
„ Click Days for the statistics that are graphed per day.
„ Click Weeks for the statistics that are graphed per week.
„ Click Months for the statistics that are graphed per month.
„ Click Years for the statistics that are graphed per year.
The Policy-based Statistical Graphs Available on Different Time Bases
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The Policy-based Statistical Graphs
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1.
The Traffic Grapher requires manual activation for each network policy,
respectively.
2.
By traffic direction, statistical graphs are categorized into six types, namely
outgoing, incoming, WAN-to-DMZ, LAN-to-DMZ, DMZ-to-WAN, DMZ-to-LAN,
LAN-to-LAN, and DMZ-to-DMZ.
3.
The statistical graphs from a specific time can be obtained by using the
date and time pickers (drop-down lists) and the Refresh button.
8.3 Diagnostic Tools
The device provides Ping and Traceroute commands as well as a
Web-based packet capture tool to help diagnose network issues with particular
internal or external nodes.
8.3.1 Ping
Step 1. To test whether a host is reachable across an IP network, go to
Monitoring > Diagnostic Tools > Ping and then configure as shown
below:
„ Destination IP / Domain name : Type the Destination IP or
Domain name.
„ Packet Size : Configure the size of each packet. (32 Bytes by
default)
„ Count : Configure the quantity of packets to send out. (4 by
default)
„ Wait Time : Specify the duration to wait between successive pings.
(1 second by default)
„ Select the interface from the Interface drop-down list.
„ Click OK.
The Parameters for Pinging a Host
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The Ping Results of a Host
If VPN is selected from the Interface drop-down list, the user must enter the local
LAN IP address in the Interface field. Enter the IP address that is under the same
subnet range in the Destination IP / Domain name field.
„
When the VPN connection is established between the local subnet
(192.168.189.x/24) and remote subnet (192.168.169.x/24), the following
method can be employed to test the packet transfer between the two
subnets.
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The Ping Results of a VPN Connection
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8.3.2 Traceroute
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Diagnostic Tools > Traceroute the Traceroute
command can be used by the MH-2300 to send out packets to a
specific address to diagnose the quality of the traversed network.
„ Destination IP / Domain name : Enter the destination address or
domain name for the packets.
„ Packet Size : Configure the size of each packet. (40 Bytes by
default)
„ Max Time-to-Live : Enter the maximum number of hops. (30 by
default)
„ Wait Time : Specify the duration to wait between successive pings.
(2 seconds by default)
„ Interface : Select the interface that the packets will originate from.
„ Click OK.
The Parameters for Tracerouting a Host
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The Traceroute Results of a Host
8.4 Wake-on-LAN
Any wake-on-LAN supported PC can be remotely turned on by a
“wake-up” packet sent from the MH-2300. By utilizing remote control software
such as VNC, Terminal Service or PC Anywhere, a remote user may remotely
wake up a computer and access it.
8.4.1 Example
8.4.1.1 Remote Controlling a LAN PC
Step 1. Supposing the MAC address of the PC that is desired to be remotely
controlled is A8:F7:E0:B7:96:3B.
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Step 2. Under Monitoring > Wake-on-LAN > Settings, click New Entry and
then set as shown below:
„ Enter the name in the field.
„ Enter A8:F7:E0:B7:96:3B in the MAC Address field.
„ Click OK.
The Wake-on-LAN Settings
Step 3. Click WakeUp to start up the PC.
Clicking “WakeUp” to Start up the PC
8.5 Status
Status provides the current information about the device and the network
including Interface, System Info, Authentication, ARP Table, Sessions Info,
DHCP Clients, etc. as well as the current network connection status and various
other information.
„
„
„
„
„
„
Interface: Shows the status of each interface.
System Info: Shows the utilization of CPU and memory.
Authentication: Records the use of any authentication usage for the
MH-2300.
ARP Table: Records all the ARP tables of host PCs that have connected to
MH-2300.
Sessions Info: It records all the sessions sending or receiving packets
over MH-2300.
DHCP Clients: It records the status of IP addresses distributed by
MH-2300 built-in DHCP server.
Terms in ARP Table
Search
„ Available searching criteria are IP Version, Destination IP, MAC Address
and Interface.
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‹
Go to Monitoring > Status > ARP Table, click the search icon
and than set as below:
z Select the IP Version and the Interface.
z Click the Search button.
Searching for an ARP Entry
Terms in Sessions Info
Search
„ Available searching criteria are Direction, Priority, IP Version, Source IP,
Destination IP and Port.
‹ Under Monitoring > Status > Sessions Info, set as shown below:
z Select “All” for Direction.
z The Priority is set to “All” by default.
z Select “IPv4” for IP Version.
z Click Search.
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Searching for the Info of a Session
Terms in DHCP Clients
Search
„ Available searching criteria are IP Version, IP Addresses and MAC
Address.
‹ Under Monitoring > Status > DHCP Clients, click the search icon
and then set as shown below:
z Select the IP Version.
z Click Search.
Searching for a DHCP-leased IP Address
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8.5.1 Interface
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Status > Interface, it shows the status of all
interfaces.
The Status of All Network Interfaces
1. System Uptime: The operating uptime of the MH-2300.
2. No. of Active Sessions: Shows the current number of sessions connected
to the device.
3. Connection Type: Displays the interface connection mode.
4. Connection Status: Shows the interface connection status.
5. Up-/ Downstream BW (kbps): Shows the maximum downstream / upstream
bandwidth set for the WAN interface (can be configured under Network >
Interface > WAN).
6. Downstream BW%: The percentage of downstream traffic to each WAN
interface.
7. Upstream BW%: The percentage of upstream traffic to each WAN interface.
8. Connection Uptime: When the interface is connected using PPPoE, it
displays the connection uptime.
9. MAC Address: Displays the MAC address of the interface.
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10. IP Address / Netmask: The interface’s IP address and netmask.
11. Default Gateway: Shows the WAN gateway address.
12. IPv6 Address / Prefix Length: The interface’s IPv6 address and prefix
length.
13. IPv6 Default Gateway: The interface’s IPv6 default gateway.
14. DNS Server 1: The DNS 1 server address from the ISP.
15. DNS Server 2: The DNS 2 server address from the ISP.
16. Rx Packets / Errors: Shows the quantity of received packets and the
amount of error packets for each interface。
17. Tx Packets / Errors: Shows the quantity of sent packets and the amount of
error packets for each interface.
18. Ping / Tracert / HTTP / HTTPS/ Telnet/ SSH: Shows whether the user can
ping or tracert the device’s interface, or access the Web UI through HTTP,
HTTPS, Telnet or SSH.
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8.5.2 System Info
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Status > System Info, it shows the current
system information, such as CPU utilization and memory utilization.
The Utilization of System Resources
8.5.3 Authentication
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Status > Authentication, it shows the
authentication status of the device.
The Status of User Authentication
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1.
2.
3.
IP Address: Displays the authenticated user’s IP address.
Authentication – User Name: The user’s authenticated login name.
Login Time: The user’s login time (year/ month/ day/ hour/ minute/ second)
8.5.4 ARP Table
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Status > ARP Table, it shows NetBIOS Name,
Destination IP, MAC Address and Interface of any computer that
has connected to the device.
The ARP Table
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
NetBIOS Name: The computer’s network identification name.
Destination IP: The computer’s IP address.
MAC Address: The computer’s network adapter identification number.
Interface: The interface that the computer is connected to.
To prevent any network packet errors, the Static ARP Table must
coordinate with the Anti-ARP virus software. When these two function
together, they provide a fixed mapping between the IP address and the
MAC address.
6. The Anti-ARP Spoofing software can be downloaded by clicking on the
Download button. Once downloaded proceed with the following:
„ The program can be executed immediately to start taking effect
against ARP viruses.
„ Copy the execution file to the computer’s hard disk: \Documents and
Settings\All Users\Start\Programs\Startup, after that, it will be
executed every time when the system starts up.
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8.5.5 Sessions Info
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Status > Sessions Info, it provides a list of all
the sessions that have connected to the device.
„ By clicking on any source IP, it shows the port number and the
traffic.
The Status of Active Sessions
8.5.6 DHCP Clients
Step 1. Under Monitoring > Status > DHCP Clients, it shows the status of IP
address distributed by the device’s DHCP server.
1.
2.
3.
4.
NetBIOS Name: The computer’s network identification name.
IP Address: The computer’s IP address.
MAC Address: The MAC address that the dynamic IP maps to.
Leased Time: The start time and the end time of the dynamic IP. (year,
month, day, hour, minute, second)
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