Chapter 4 - AutomationDirect

Chapter 4 - AutomationDirect
CONFIGURATION AND
CONNECTIONS
In This Chapter:
C HAPTER
HAPTER
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DL05 System Design Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4–2
Network Configuration and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4–4
Network Slave Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4–8
Network Master Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4–14
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
1 DL05 System Design Strategies
I/O System Configurations
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The DL05 PLCs offer a number of different I/O configurations. Choose the configuration
that is right for your application, and keep in mind that the DL05 PLCs offer the ability to
add an I/O card in the option slot. Although remote I/O isn’t available, there are several
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option cards available. For instance:
• Various A/C and D/C I/O modules
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• Combination I/O modules
•
Analog I/O modules
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• Combination Analog I/O modules
A DL05 system can be developed with an arrangement using a selected option modules. See
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our DL05/06 Options Modules User Manual (D0-OPTIONS-M) on the website,
www.automationdirect.com for detailed selection information.
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Networking Configurations
The DL05 PLCs offers the following ways to add networking:
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• Ethernet Communications Module Ҁ connects a DL05 to high-speed peer-to-peer networks. Any
PLC can initiate communications with any other PLC or operator interfaces, such as C-more, when
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using the ECOM modules.
• Data Communications Modules Ҁ connects a DL05 to devices using either DeviceNet or Profibus
to link to master controllers, as well as a D0-DCM.
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• Communications Port 1 Ҁ The DL05 has a 6-pin RJ12 connector on Port 1 that supports (as
slave) K-sequence, Modbus RTU or DirectNET protocols.
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• Communications Port 2 Ҁ The DL05 has a 6-pin RJ12 connector on Port 2 that supports either
master/slave Modbus RTU or DirectNET protocols, or K-sequence protocol as slave. Port 2 can
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also be used for ASCII OUT communications.
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DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Automatic I/O Configuration
The DL05 CPUs will automatically detect the optional I/O module, if installed, at powerup
and establish the correct I/O configuration and addresses. The configuration may never need
to be changed.
The I/O addresses use octal numbering, with X0 to X7 being the eight inputs and Y0 to Y5
being the addresses for the six outputs. The discrete option slot addresses are assigned in
groups of 8 or 16 depending on the number of I/O points for the I/O module. The discrete
option module addressing will be X100 to X107 and X110 to X117 for the maximum sixteen
point input module. The addressing for the sixteen point output module will be Y100 to
Y107 and Y110 to Y117. Refer to the DL05/06 Options Modules User Manual (D0OPTIONS-M) for the various discrete I/O modules available and the addressing for each
one.
Power Budgeting
No power budgeting is necessary for the DL05. The built-in power supply is sufficient for
powering the base unit, your choice of option module, the handheld programmer and the
DV-1000 operator interface.
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
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Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
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Network Configuration and Connections
4–4
Configuring the DL05’s Comm Ports
This section describes how to configure the CPU’s built-in networking ports for either
Modbus or DirectNET. This will allow you to connect the DL05 PLC system directly to
Modbus networks using the RTU protocol, or to other devices on a DirectNET network.
Modbus host systems must be capable of issuing the Modbus commands to read or write the
appropriate data. For details on the Modbus protocol, check with your Modbus supplier for
the latest version of the Gould Modbus Protocol reference Guide. For more details on
DirectNET, order our DirectNET manual, part number DA–DNET–M.
DL05 Port Specifications
Communications Port 2
Communications Port 1
Connects to HPP, DirectSOFT, operator interfaces,
etc.
6-pin, RS232C
Communication speed: 9600 Baud (fixed)
Parity: odd (fixed)
Port 1 Station Address: 1 (fixed)
8 data bits
1 start, 1 stop bit
Asynchronous, half-duplex, DTE
Protocol (auto-select): K-sequence (slave only),
DirectNET (slave only), Modbus RTU (slave only)
Networking
1234 5 6
Port 1 Pin
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2
3
4
5
6
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
5V
0V
Connects to HPP, DirectSOFT, operator interfaces,
etc.
6-pin, multifunction port, RS232C
Communication speed (baud): 300, 600, 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400
Parity: odd (default), even, none
Port 2 Station Address: 1 (default)
8 data bits
1 start, 1 stop bit
Asynchronous, half-duplex, DTE
Protocol (auto-select): K-sequence (slave only),
DirectNET (master/slave), Modbus RTU
(master/slave), non-sequence/print
Descriptions
Power (–) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive Data (RS232C)
Transmit Data (RS232C
Power (+) connection
Power (–) connection (GND)
Port 2 Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
RTS
0V
Descriptions
Power (–) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive Data (RS232C)
Transmit Data (RS232C
Request to Send
Power (–) connection (GND)
DL05 to DL05 RS-232C
You will need to make sure the network connection is a 3-wire RS–232 type. The
recommended cable is AutomationDirect L19772 (Belden 8102) or equivalent. Normally, the
RS–232 signals are used for communications between two devices with distances up to a
maximum of 15 meters.
DL05
PORT 1 or 2
DL05
PORT 2
1 0V
3 RXD
4 TXD
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
0V 1
RXD 3
TXD 4
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Networking Using RS–422 Converters
Networking
PC to DL05s
RS–422
1234 5 6
6-pin Female
Modular Connector
FA-ISOCON
0V
GND
GND
RXD
0V 1
RXD 3
TXD+
RXD+
TXD
TXD 4
TXD–
RXD–
RXD–
TXD–
RTS 5
RXD+
TXD+
RTS
DL05
1 or 6 0V 0V 1 or 6 PORT 2
3 RXD
RXD 3
4 TXD
2 CTS
TXD 4
5V 2
5 5V
RTS 5
FA–ISOCON
Note: When using the DL05 on a multi-drop
network, the RTS ON Delay time must be set
to at least 5ms and the RTS OFF Delay time
must be set to at least 2ms . If you encounter
problems, the time can be increased.
FA-ISOCON
GND
RXD+
RXD–
TXD–
TXD+
Networking
DL05 Master
to Other PLCs
DL05
1 or 6 0V 0V 1 or 6 PORT 2
3 RXD
RXD 3
4 TXD
2 CTS
5 5V
TXD 4
5V 2
RTS 5
DL05
PORT 2
FA-ISOCON
1 or 6 0V 0V 1 or 6
3 RXD
RXD 3
4 TXD
2 CTS
5 5V
TXD 4
5V 2
GND
GND
TXD+
RXD+
RXD–
TXD–
RXD–
TXD–
RXD+
TXD+
RTS 5
DL05
1 or 6 0V 0V 1 or 6 PORT 2
3 RXD
RXD 3
4 TXD
2 CTS
5 5V
TXD 4
5V 2
RTS 5
FA–ISOCON
FA-ISOCON
DL240
RXD+
3 RXD
0V 1 PORT 2
RXD 3
RXD–
4 TXD
TXD 4
GND
TXD–
TXD+
1 0V
2 CTS
5 5V
CPU Specifications
The recommended cable for RS-422 is
AutomationDirect L19772 (Belden 9729) or
equivalent. The maximum cable distance
is 1000 meters.
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Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
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Modbus Port Configuration
In DirectSOFT 5, choose the PLC menu, then Setup, then “Secondary Comm Port”.
• Port: From the port number list box at the top, choose “Port 2”.
• Protocol: Click the check box to the left of “Modbus” (use AUX 56 on the HPP, and select
“MBUS”), and then you’ll see the dialog box below.
• Timeout: Amount of time the port will wait after it sends a message to get a response before logging
an error.
• RTS ON / OFF Delay Time: The RTS ON Delay Time specifies the time the DL05 waits to send
the data after it has raised the RTS signal line. The RTS OFF Delay Time specifies the time the
DL05 waits to release the RTS signal line after the data has been sent. When using the DL05 on a
multi-drop network, the RTS ON Delay time must be set to at least 5ms and the RTS OFF Delay time
must be set to at least 2ms. If you encounter problems, the time can be increased.
• Station Number: The possible range for Modbus slave numbers is from 1 to 247, but the DL05
network instructions used in Master mode will access only slaves 1 to 99. Each slave must have a
unique number. At powerup, the port is automatically a slave, unless and until the DL05 executes
ladder logic network instructions which use the port as a master. Thereafter, the port reverts back to
slave mode until ladder logic uses the port again.
• Baud Rate: The available baud rates include 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, and 38400
baud. Choose a higher baud rate initially, reverting to lower baud rates if you experience data errors
or noise problems on the network. Important: You must configure the baud rates of all devices on
the network to the same value. Refer to the appropriate product manual for details.
• Stop Bits: Choose 1 or 2 stop bits for use in the protocol.
• Parity: Choose none, even, or odd parity for error checking.
Then click the button indicated to send the Port configuration to the CPU, and click
Close.
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
DirectNET Port Configuration
In DirectSOFT 5, choose the PLC menu, then Setup, then “Secondary Comm Port”.
• Port: From the port number list box, choose “Port 2 ”.
• Protocol: Click the check box to the left of “DirectNET” (use AUX 56 on the HPP, then select
“DNET”), and then you’ll see the dialog box below.
• Timeout: Amount of time the port will wait after it sends a message to get a response before logging
an error.
• RTS ON / OFF Delay Time: The RTS ON Delay Time specifies the time the DL05 waits to send
the data after it has raised the RTS signal line. The RTS OFF Delay Time specifies the time the
DL05 waits to release the RTS signal line after the data has been sent. When using the DL05 on a
multi-drop network, the RTS ON Delay time must be set to at least 5ms and the RTS OFF Delay time
must be set to at least 2ms. If you encounter problems, the time can be increased.
• Station Number: For making the CPU port a DirectNET master, choose “1”. The allowable range
for DirectNET slaves is from 1 to 90 (each slave must have a unique number). At powerup, the port
is automatically a slave, unless and until the DL05 executes ladder logic instructions which attempt
to use the port as a master. Thereafter, the port reverts back to slave mode until ladder logic uses the
port again.
• Baud Rate: The available baud rates include 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, and 38400
baud. Choose a higher baud rate initially, reverting to lower baud rates if you experience data errors
or noise problems on the network. Important: You must configure the baud rates of all devices on
the network to the same value.
• Stop Bits: Choose 1 or 2 stop bits for use in the protocol.
• Parity: Choose none, even, or odd parity for error checking.
• Format: Choose between hex or ASCII formats.
Then click the button indicated to send the Port configuration to the CPU,
and click Close.
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
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Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Slave Operation
1 Network
This section describes how other devices on a network can communicate with a CPU port
that you have configured as a DirectNETslave or Modbus slave (DL05). A Modbus host must
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use the Modbus RTU protocol to communicate with the DL05 as a slave. The host software
must send a Modbus function code and Modbus address to specify a PLC memory location
the DL05 comprehends. The DirectNET host uses normal I/O addresses to access applicable
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DL05 CPU and system. No CPU ladder logic is required to support either Modbus slave or
DirectNET slave operation.
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Modbus Function Codes Supported
The Modbus function code determines whether the access is a read or a write, and whether to
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access a single data point or a group of them. The DL05 supports the Modbus function codes
described below.
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MODBUS Function Code
Function
DL05 Data Types Available
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Determining the Modbus Address
There are typically two ways that most host software conventions allow you to specify a PLC
memory location. These are:
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• By specifying the Modbus data type and address
• By specifying a Modbus address only
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NOTE: For information about the Modbus protocol see the Group Schneider website at:
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www.schneiderautomation.com. At the main menu, select Support/Services, Modbus, Modbus
Technical Manuals, PI-MBUS-300 Modbus Protocol Reference Guide or search for PIMBUS300. For
more information about the DirectNET protocol, order our DirectNET User Manual, DA-DNET-M, or
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download the manual free from our website: www.automationdirect.com.
Select Manuals\Docs\onlineusermanuals\misc.\DA-DNET-M
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02
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03, 04
06
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4–8
Read a group of coils
Read a group of inputs
Set / Reset a single coil
Set / Reset a group of coils Y,
Read a value from one or more registers
Write a value into a single register
Write a value into a group of registers
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Y, CR, T, CT
X, SP
Y, CR, T, CT
CR, T, CT
V
V
V
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
If Your Host Software Requires the Data Type and Address...
Many host software packages allow you to specify the Modbus data type and the Modbus
address that corresponds to the PLC memory location. This is the easiest method, but not all
packages allow you to do it this way.
The actual equation used to calculate the address depends on the type of PLC data you are
using. The PLC memory types are split into two categories for this purpose.
• Discrete – X, SP, Y, CR, S, T, C (contacts)
• Word – V, Timer current value, Counter current value
In either case, you basically convert the PLC octal address to decimal and add the appropriate
Modbus address (if required). The table below shows the exact equation used for each group
of data.
DL05 Memory Type
QTY (Dec.)
PLC Range(Octal
Modbus Address
Range (Decimal)
Modbus Data Type
For Discrete Data Types .... Convert PLC Addr. to Dec. + Start of Range + Data Type
Inputs (X)
256
X0 – X377
2048 – 2303
Special Relays(SP)
512
SP0 – SP777
3072 – 3583
Outputs (Y)
256
Y0 – Y377
2048 – 2303
Control Relays (CR)
512
C0 – C777
3072 – 4583
Timer Contacts (T)
128
T0 – T177
6144 – 6271
Counter Contacts (CT)
128
CT0 – CT177
6400 – 6527
Stage Status Bits(S)
256
S0 – S377
5120 – 5375
Input
Input
Coil
Coil
Coil
Coil
Coil
For Word Data Types .... Convert PLC Addr. to Dec. + Data Type
Timer Current Values (V)
Counter Current Values (V)
V-Memory, user data (V)
V-Memory, non-volatile (V)
128
128
3968
128
V0 – V177
V1000 – V1177
V1200 – V7377
V7600 – V7777
0 – 127
512 – 639
640 – 3839
3968 – 4095
Input Register
Input Register
Holding Register
Holding Register
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Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
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The following examples show how to generate the Modbus address and data type for hosts
which require this format.
V2100 = 1088 decimal
1088 + Hold. Reg. = Holding Reg 1088
Find the Modbus address for
User V location V2100.
1. Find V memory in the table.
2. Convert V2100 into decimal (1088).
3. Use the Modbus data type from the table.
V Memory, user data (V)
3200
V1200 – V7377
640 – 3839
Holding Register
Example 2: Y20
Find the Modbus address for output Y20.
PLC Address (Dec) + Start Addr + Data Type
Y20 = 16 decimal
16 + 2048 + Coil = Coil 2064
1. Find Y outputs in the table.
2. Convert Y20 into decimal (16).
3. Add the starting address for the range (2048).
4. Use the Modbus data type from the table.
Example 3: T10 Current Value
Outputs (V)
256
Y0 – Y377
2048 - 2303
Coil
PLC Address (Dec) + Data Type
Find the Modbus address to obtain the current
value from Timer T10.
T10 = 8 decimal
8 + Input Reg. = Input Reg. 8
1. Find Timer Current Values in the table.
2. Convert T10 into decimal (8).
3. Use the Modbus data type from the table.
Example 4: C54
Timer Current Values (V)
128
V0 – V177
0 - 127
Input Register
Find the Modbus address for Control Relay C54.
1. Find Control Relays in the table.
PLC Address (Dec) + Start Addr. + Data Type
C54 = 44 decimal
44 + 3072 + Coil = Coil 3116
2. Convert C54 into decimal (44).
3. Add the starting address for the range (3072).
4. Use the Modbus data type from the table.
Control Relays (CR)
4–10
PLC Address (Dec) + Data Type
Example 1: V2100
512
C0 – C77
3072 – 3583
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Coil
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
If Your Modbus Host Software Requires an Address ONLY
Some host software does not allow you to specify the Modbus data type and address. Instead,
you specify an address only. This method requires another step to determine the address, but
it’s still fairly simple. Basically, Modbus also separates the data types by address ranges as well.
So this means an address alone can actually describe the type of data and location. This is
often referred to as “adding the offset”. One important thing to remember here is that two
different addressing modes may be available in your host software package. These are:
• 484 Mode
• 584/984 Mode
We recommend that you use the 584/984 addressing mode if your host software allows you
to choose. This is because the 584/984 mode allows access to a higher number of memory
locations within each data type. If your software only supports 484 mode, then there may be
some PLC memory locations that will be unavailable. The actual equation used to calculate
the address depends on the type of PLC data you are using. The PLC memory types are split
into two categories for this purpose.
• Discrete – X, SP, Y, CR, S, T (contacts), C (contacts)
• Word – V, Timer current value, Counter current value
In either case, you basically convert the PLC octal address to decimal and add the appropriate
Modbus addresses (as required). The table below shows the exact equation used for each
group of data.
Discrete Data Types
DL05 Memory Type
Global Inputs (GX)
Inputs (X)
Special Relays (SP)
Global Outputs (GY)
Outputs (Y)
Control Relays (CR)
Timer Contacts (T)
Counter Contacts (CT)
Stage Status Bits (S)
PLC Range
(Octal)
GX0-GX1746
GX1747-GX3777
X0 – X1777
SP0 – SP777
GY0 - GY3777
Y0 – Y1777
C0 – C3777
T0 – T377
CT0 – CT377
S0 – S1777
Address (484 Address (584/984 Modbus Data
Mode)
Mode)
Type
1001 - 1999
------1 - 2048
2049 - 3072
3073 - 5120
6145 - 6400
6401 - 6656
5121 - 6144
10001 - 10999
11000 - 12048
12049 - 13072
13073 - 13584
1 - 2048
2049 - 3072
3073 - 5120
6145 - 6400
6401 - 6656
5121 - 6144
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Input
Input
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
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Word Data Types
Registers
V-Memory (Timers)
V-Memory (Counters)
V-Memory (Data Words)
PLC Range
(Octal)
Input/Holding
(484 Mode)*
Input/Holding
(584/984 Mode)*
V0 - V377
V1000 - V1177
V1200 - V1377
V1400 - V1746
V1747 - V1777
V2000 - V7377
V10000 - V17777
3001/4001
3513/4513
3641/4641
3769/4769
-------
30001/40001
30513/40513
30641/40641
30769/40769
31000/41000
41025
44097
* Modbus: Function 04
The DL05/06, DL250-1/260, DL350 and DL450 will support function 04, read input
register (Address 30001). To use function 04, put the number ‘4’ into the most significant
position (4xxx). Four digits must be entered for the instruction to work properly with this
mode.
LD
K101
LD
K4128
LDA
O4000
The Maximum constant possible is 4128. This
is due to the 128 maximum number of Bytes
that the RX/WX instruction can allow. The
value of 4 in the most significant position of the
word will cause the RX to use function 04
(30001 range).
RX
Y0
1. Refer to your PLC user manual for the correct memory mapping size of your PLC. Some of
the addresses shown above might not pertain to your particular CPU.
2. For an automated Modbus/Koyo address conversion utility, download the file
modbus_conversion.xls from the www.automationdirect.com website.
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Example 1: V2100 584/984 Mode
Find the Modbus address for user V-memory V2100. PLC Address (Dec) + Mode Address
V2100 = 1088 decimal
1. Find V memory in the table.
1088 + 40001 = 41089
2. Convert V2100 into decimal (1088).
3. Add the Modbus starting address for the mode
(40001).
For Word Data Types....
Timer Current Values (V)
Counter Current Values (V)
V-Memory, user data (V)
PLC Address (Dec.)
+
V0 – V177
V1200 – V7377
V2000 – V3777
0 – 127
512 – 639
1024 – 2047
128
128
1024
Appropriate Mode Address
3001
3001
4001
30001
30001
40001
Input Register
Input Register
Holding Register
Example 2: Y20 584/984 Mode
Find the Modbus address for output Y20.
1. Find Y outputs in the table.
2. Convert Y20 into decimal (16).
3. Add the starting address for the range (2048).
4. Add the Modbus address for the mode (1).
Outputs (Y)
Control Relays (CR)
Timer Contacts (T)
320
256
128
Y0 - Y477
C0 - C377
T0 - T177
PLC Address (Dec) + Start Addr + Mode
Y20 = 16 decimal
16 + 2048 + 1 = 2065
2048 - 2367
3072 - 3551
6144 - 6271
1
1
1
1
1
1
Coil
Coil
Coil
Example 3: T10 Current Value 484 Mode
PLC Address (Dec) + Mode Address
T10 = 8 decimal
Find the Modbus address to obtain the current value for
Timer T10.
8 + 3001 = 3009
1. Find Timer Current Values in the table.
2. Convert T10 into decimal (8).
3. Add the Modbus starting address for the mode (3001).
For Word Data Types....
Timer Current Values (V)
Counter Current Values (V)
V-Memory, user data (V)
128
128
1024
PLC Address (Dec.)
+
V0 – V177
V1200 – V7377
V2000 – V3777
0 – 127
512 – 639
1024 – 2047
Appropriate Mode Address
3001
3001
4001
30001
30001
40001
Input Register
Input Register
Holding Register
Example 4: C54 584/984 Mode
Find the Modbus address for Control Relay C54.
1. Find Control Relays in the table.
2. Convert C54 into decimal (44).
3. Add the starting address for the range (3072).
4. Add the Modbus address for the mode (1).
Outputs (Y)
Control Relays (CR)
Timer Contacts (T)
320
256
128
Y0 - Y477
C0 - C377
T0 - T177
PLC Address (Dec) + Start Addr + Mode
C54 = 44 decimal
44 + 3072 + 1 = 3117
2048 - 2367
3072 - 3551
6144 - 6271
1
1
1
1
1
1
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Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Master Operation
1 Network
This section describes how the DL05 PLC can communicate on a Modbus or DirectNET
network as a master. For Modbus networks, it uses the Modbus RTU protocol, which must
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be interpreted by all the slaves on the network. Both Modbus and DirectNET are single
master/multiple slave networks. The master is the only member of the network that can
initiate requests on the network. This section teaches you how to design the required ladder
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logic for network master operation.
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When using the DL05 PLC as the master station, simple RLL instructions are used to initiate
the requests. The WX instruction initiates network write operations, and the RX instruction
initiates network read operations. Before executing either the WX or RX commands, we will
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need to load data related to the read or write operation onto the CPU’s accumulator stack.
When the WX or RX instruction executes, it uses the information on the stack combined
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with data in the instruction box to completely define the task, which goes to the port.
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14
A
B
C
D
The following step-by-step procedure will provide you the information necessary to set up
FA-ISOCON
Modbus
RTU Protocol, or DirectNET
Slave #1
Slave #2
Master
Network
WX (write)
RX (read)
Master
your ladder program to receive data from a network slave.
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DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Slave
Slave #3
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Step 1: Identify Master Port # and Slave #
The first Load (LD) instruction identifies the
communications port number on the network
master (DL05) and the address of the slave
station. This instruction can address up to 99
Modbus slaves, or 90 DirectNET slaves. The
format of the word is shown to the right. The
“F2” in the upper byte indicates the use of the
right port of the DL05 PLC, port number 2. The
lower byte contains the slave address number in
BCD (01 to 99).
F
2
0
1
Slave address (BCD)
Port number (BCD)
Internal port (hex)
LD
KF201
Step 2: Load Number of Bytes to Transfer
The second Load (LD) instruction determines the
number of bytes which will be transferred
between the master and slave in the subsequent
WX or RX instruction. The value to be loaded is
in BCD format (decimal), from 1 to 128 bytes.
The number of bytes specified also depends on
the type of data you want to obtain. For example,
the DL05 Input points can be accessed by Vmemory locations or as X input locations.
However, if you only want X0 – X27, you’ll have
to use the X input data type because the Vmemory locations can only be accessed in 2-byte
increments. The following table shows the byte
ranges for the various types of DirectLOGIC™
products.
6
4
(BCD)
# of bytes to transfer
LD
K64
DL 05/205/350/405 Memory
Bits per unit
Bytes
V-memory
T / C current value
Inputs (X, SP)
16
16
8
2
2
1
Outputs
(Y, C, Stage, T/C bits)
8
1
Scratch Pad Memory
Diagnostic Status
8
8
1
1
DL330/340 Memory
Bits per unit
Bytes
Data registers
T / C accumulator
8
16
1
2
I/O, internal relays, shift register bits, T/C
bits, stage bits
Scratch Pad Memory
Diagnostic Status(5 word R/W)
1
1
8
16
1
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Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
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2
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B
C
D
Step 3: Specify Master Memory Area
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The third instruction in the RX or WX sequence is a
Load Address (LDA) instruction. Its purpose is to
load the starting address of the memory area to be
transferred. Entered as an octal number, the LDA
instruction converts it to hex and places the result in
the accumulator.
For a WX instruction, the DL05 CPU sends the
number of bytes previously specified from its
memory area beginning at the LDA address specified.
For an RX instruction, the DL05 CPU reads the
number of bytes previously specified from the slave,
placing the received data into its memory area
beginning at the LDA address specified.
0
6
0
0
(octal)
Starting address of
master transfer area
LDA
O40600
MSB
V40600
LSB
V40601
LSB
15
MSB
0
15
0
NOTE: Since V-memory words are always 16 bits, you may not always use the whole word. For
example, if you only specify 3 bytes and you are reading Y outputs from the slave, you will only get
24 bits of data. In this case, only the 8 least significant bits of the last word location will be modified.
The remaining 8 bits are not affected.
Step 4: Specify Slave Memory Area
The last instruction in our sequence is the WX or RX
instruction itself. Use WX to write to the slave, and RX
to read from the slave. All four of our instructions are
shown to the right. In the last instruction, you must
specify the starting address and a valid data type for the
slave.
SP116
LD
KF201
LD
K64
• DirectNET slaves – specify the same address in the WX
and RX instruction as the slave’s native I/O address
LDA
O40600
• Modbus DL405, DL205, or DL05 slaves – specify the
same address in the WX and RX instruction as the slave’s
native I/O address
Y0
RX
• Modbus 305 slaves – use the following table to convert
DL305 addresses to Modbus addresses
DL305 Series CPU Memory Type–to–Modbus Cross Reference (excluding 350 CPU)
PLC Memory Type PLC Base Address
TMR/CNT Current
Values
I/O Points
Data Registers
Stage Status Bits
(D3-330P only)
4–16
Modbus
Base Address
PLC Memory Type PLC Base Address
Modbus
Base Address
R600
V0
TMR/CNT Status Bits
CT600
GY600
IO 000
R401,R400
GY0
V100
Control Relays
Shift Registers
CR160
SR400
GY160
GY400
S0
GY200
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
Chapter 4: Configuration and Connections
Communications from a Ladder Program
Typically network communications
will last longer than 1 scan. The
program must wait for the
communications to finish before
starting the next transaction.
Port 2, which can be a master, has two
Special Relay contacts associated with
it (see Appendix D for comm port
Port Communication Error
special relays). One indicates “Port
busy”(SP116), and the other indicates
”Port Communication Error”(SP117).
The example above shows the use of
these contacts for a network master
that only reads a device (RX). The
“Port Busy” bit is on while the PLC
communicates with the slave. When
the bit is off the program can initiate
the next network request.
The “Port Communication Error” bit turns on
when the PLC has detected an error. Use of this bit SP116
is optional. When used, it should be ahead of any
network instruction boxes since the error bit is reset
when an RX or WX instruction is executed.
SP117
SP116
LD
KF201
LD
K0003
Port Busy
LDA
O40600
RX
Y0
Interlocking Relay
C100
LD
KF201
LD
K0003
Multiple Read and Write Interlocks
If you are using multiple reads and writes in the
RLL program, you have to interlock the routines to
make sure all the routines are executed. If you don’t
use the interlocks, then the CPU will only execute
the first routine. This is because each port can only
handle one transaction at a time.
In the example to the right, after the RX
instruction is executed, C0 is set. When the port
has finished the communication task, the second
routine is executed and C0 is reset.
Y1
SET
LDA
O40600
Interlocking
Relay
SP116
C100
RX
VX0
C100
SET
LD
KF201
LD
K0003
LDA
O40400
WX
VY0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
A
B
C
D
C100
RST
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 6th Edition, Rev. C
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