EXPERT 1K-FA
EXPERT 1K-FA
1KW SOLID STATE FULLY AUTOMATIC
LINEAR AMPLIFIER
USER’S MANUAL
THIRD SERIES
CERTIFIED CE/FCC
User’s manual
Pag. 2 of 2
EXPERT 1K-FA
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
Main index
IMPORTANT ......................................................................................................................................................5
PRECAUTIONS..................................................................................................................................................5
UNPACKING ......................................................................................................................................................8
1.
PANEL DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................9
1.1
Front Panel .......................................................................................................................................9
1.2
Rear Panel......................................................................................................................................10
2.
GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................................................................................11
2.1
Power supply ..................................................................................................................................11
2.2
Input / Output..................................................................................................................................11
2.3
ALC / RELAY / CAT........................................................................................................................11
3.
INTERCONNECTION WITH THE TRANSCEIVER .......................................................................13
4.
USE OF THE LINEAR AMPLIFIER................................................................................................14
4.1
SO2R (Single Operator Two Radio)..............................................................................................15
5.
EXTERNAL GROUND CONNECTION ..........................................................................................16
6.
ANTENNA.......................................................................................................................................16
7.
POWER SUPPLY...........................................................................................................................17
7.1
Mains cable termination..................................................................................................................17
8.
TUNER ...........................................................................................................................................20
9.
PROTECTIONS / ALARMS............................................................................................................21
10.
PROGRAMMING............................................................................................................................23
10.1
Ways to operate .............................................................................................................................23
11.
INITIAL OPERATION OF THE AMPLIFIER...................................................................................26
11.1
Initial Programming.........................................................................................................................26
11.2
Operating ........................................................................................................................................28
12.
CAT CONNECTIONS.....................................................................................................................30
12.1
CAT Connector...............................................................................................................................30
12.2
SPE.................................................................................................................................................30
12.3
ICOM ..............................................................................................................................................31
CAT CI–V Interface ........................................................................................................................31
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE Interface..........................................................................................31
12.4
KENWOOD.....................................................................................................................................32
CAT RS232 Interface .....................................................................................................................32
CAT 5V TTL Interface.....................................................................................................................32
12.5
YAESU............................................................................................................................................33
CAT RS232 Interface .....................................................................................................................33
CAT 5V TTL Interface.....................................................................................................................33
BAND DATA Interface ....................................................................................................................34
12.6
TEN–TEC, FlexRadio, ELECRAFT ................................................................................................34
CAT RS232 Interface .....................................................................................................................34
12.7
TRANSCEIVERS OF OTHER BRANDS........................................................................................35
13
OTHER CONNECTIONS ...............................................................................................................36
13.1
ALC, RELAY CONNECTIONS .......................................................................................................36
13.2
REMOTE ON LINK.........................................................................................................................36
13.3
TX INH LINK...................................................................................................................................37
14.
TRANSCEIVER CONTROLLED WITH A PC.................................................................................38
14.1
ICOM CI-V INTERFACE................................................................................................................38
14.2
RS232 INTERFACE .......................................................................................................................39
14.3
5V TTL KENWOOD INTERFACE ..................................................................................................39
14.4
5V TTL YAESU INTERFACE .........................................................................................................40
15.
USE OF THE RS-232 PORT..........................................................................................................41
16.
MAINTENANCE .............................................................................................................................42
17.
CHARACTERISTICS / SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................43
Pag. 3 of 3
User’s manual
18.
EXPERT 1K-FA
APPENDIX 1.................................................................................................................................. 45
Main Display Page (STANDBY Mode). ........................................................................................ 45
Main Display Page (TX Exciter).................................................................................................... 46
Alarm History Display Page.......................................................................................................... 47
Setup Options Menu. .................................................................................................................... 48
SET ANTENNA Menu................................................................................................................... 50
SET CAT Menu............................................................................................................................. 52
SPE CAT Settings ........................................................................................................................ 54
ICOM CAT Settings ...................................................................................................................... 54
KENWOOD, ELECRAFT CAT Settings........................................................................................ 55
YAESU CAT Settings ................................................................................................................... 55
TEN-TEC CAT Settings ................................................................................................................ 56
FLEX-RADIO CAT Settings.......................................................................................................... 56
RS-232 CAT Settings ................................................................................................................... 57
NO CAT Settings .......................................................................................................................... 57
MANUAL TUNE Display Page...................................................................................................... 59
BACKLIGHT Display Page. .......................................................................................................... 61
CONTEST Settings....................................................................................................................... 62
BEEP Settings. ............................................................................................................................. 63
START Settings. ........................................................................................................................... 64
TEMP Settings.............................................................................................................................. 65
OPERATE Mode........................................................................................................................... 66
OPERATE Mode and FLEX-RADIO CAT interface...................................................................... 68
Diagnostics. .................................................................................................................................. 70
19.
TABLE............................................................................................................................................ 72
20.
WARRANTY .................................................................................................................................. 73
SPACE FOR THE REPAIRER ............................................................................................................................. 74
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
18.7
18.8
18.9
18.10
18.11
18.12
18.13
18.14
18.15
18.16
18.17
18.18
18.19
18.20
18.21
18.22
18.23
Pag. 4 of 4
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
Congratulations for choosing the SPE EXPERT 1K-FA linear amplifier: It is small, and
powerful, it covers the whole frequency range from 1.8 to 54 MHz, completely
automatically. All operating conditions (frequency, antenna and tuner) may be controlled
from your transceiver. It is possible to connect it to every type of device, it is extremely
user-friendly, and offers a product which is best-in-class.
IMPORTANT
Read this instruction manual carefully before attempting to operate the linear
amplifier.
The warranty will be invalidated in the case of non-observance of these
instructions.
Keep this manual. It contains important safety and operating instructions for the
SPE EXPERT 1K-FA.
This manual may be subject to changes and updates therefore please refer
always to the updated version available on the website www.linear-amplifier.com.
If in doubt, refer to the interpretation in English version.
PRECAUTIONS
Explicit definitions
WORD
WARNING!
NOTE:
DEFINITION
Risk of danger of fire or electric shock to persons.
Possible damage to the amplifier.
Serious problems if not observed. Danger of fire or electric shock for the operator, or
damage to the equipment.
WARNING!
HIGH VOLTAGE! DO NOT disconnect an antenna from the amplifier during
transmission; electric shock or fire is possible.
WARNING!
DO NOT modify the internal wiring of the amplifier. Any modifications will invalidate the
warranty, and may reduce the performance of the linear amplifier or damage it.
WARNING!
Before using the linear amplifier, compare the value of voltage of the local mains supply
network with the value required by the amplifier, and set it up correctly.
WARNING!
DO NOT turn ON the linear amplifier unless it has been properly grounded through the
green/yellow conductor of the mains cord. Your dealer will already have provided the
correct mains plug for your local electricity network, with the earth pin connected to that
conductor. Do not disconnect this under any circumstances, or there is a risk of severe
or fatal electric shock.
WARNING!
Pag. 5 of 5
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
DO NOT use an extension cord with the AC power cable, as if it is not correctly rated
there is a risk of fire or electric shock.
Pag. 6 of 6
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
WARNING!
DO NOT allow metallic objects or wires to enter inside the amplifier.
WARNING!
DO NOT obstruct the entries for cooling air at both the sides of the amplifier.
Ensure that no object impedes the correct operation of the fans.
WARNING!
DO NOT expose the linear amplifier to rain, snow or any liquids.
WARNING!
DO NOT instal the linear amplifier in a place without good ventilation. This could limit
heat dissipation and the amplifier could be damaged.
WARNING!
DO NOT touch the amplifier with damp or wet hands. There is danger of electric shock.
Avoid opening it before you have disconnected it from the mains supply, then wait at
least 2 minutes for electrolytic capacitors to complete their discharge.
To clean the amplifier DO NOT use chemical agents like alcohol or benzene because
the plastic surfaces could be damaged.
AVOID using the amplifier in areas with temperatures below –10° C (+14°F) or above
+40°C (+104°F).
AVOID using the linear amplifier in locations that are very dusty, damp or in direct
sunlight.
AVOID placing the linear amplifier against walls, the circulation of the air would be
obstructed and the noise of the fans would be reflected toward the operator.
AVOID permitting children to play with the amplifier.
If you do not use the linear amplifier for long time, set the back main switch [I/O] to the
OFF position [O].
This amplifier should only be operated by persons who have an appropriate radio
transmitting licence, and you should observe your licence conditions whilst
using it.
Pag. 7 of 7
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
UNPACKING
Remove the packing and carefully check the contents.
If you find any damage or if there are any parts missing, contact your retailer
immediately.
Keep the shipping cartons for future transportation if required.
Accessories included in the carton
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Transport carry bag.
2 - cables with RCA (phono) connectors for ALC, RELAY links.
1 - standard RS232 cable.
2 -15 pole connectors (DB-15) for CAT links.
User manual.
Spare fuses:
1 - 12.5 A.
1 - 0,5 A.
1 - 20 A
1 - 20 A (USA and Japan only).
1 - 1 A. (USA and Japan only).
g) Spare air filter.
h) Certificate of compliance and warranty form.
f
c
b
g
d
a
e
h
Pag. 8 of 8
User’s manual
1.
PANEL DESCRIPTION
1.1
Front Panel
17
16
18
EXPERT 1K-FA
25
4
2
Fully Automatic
15
Linear Amplifier
L
L
OFF
ON
C
C
POWER
DISPLAY
14
ALL
TUNE
SET
INPUT
BAND
BAND
ANT
CAT
SET
Expert 1K - FA
23
3
OPERATE
TUNE
24
1
22
26
9
ON
OP
5
TX
1.8 -50 MHz Solid State
10
11
12
13
8
7
6
21
20
1) ON
2) OFF
3) DISPLAY
switches between display pages.
4) POWER
switches output power from “FULL / HALF“ (1KW / 500 W).
5) OPERATE switches between Standby / Operate.
6) SET
used to program the amplifier.
7) ▼►
used to program the amplifier.
8) ◄▲
used to program the amplifier.
9) INPUT
selects one of the two inputs of the amplifier.
10) ◄BAND
switches bands manually (downward in frequency).
11) BAND►
switches bands manually (upward in frequency).
12) ANT
switches the antennas for every single band
13) CAT
shows the current CAT interface setting.
14) TUNE:
starts the automatic tuning process.
15) ◄C
used for manual tuning.
16) C►
used for manual tuning.
17) ◄L
used for manual tuning.
18) L►
used for manual tuning.
19) TX
red led, illuminates during transmission.
20) OP
yellow led, illuminates when the amplifier is in “Operate” state.
21) ON
green led, illuminates when the amplifier is “ON”.
22) SET
green led, illuminates during programming.
23) TUNE
yellow led, illuminates during tuning.
24) ALL
red led, illuminates when there is an alarm.
25) DISPLAY
26) AIRFLOW GRID
Pag. 9 of 9
19
User’s manual
1.2
EXPERT 1K-FA
Rear Panel
1
ANT 3
ANT 2
ANT 1
3
2
INPUT 1
SO2R
ANT 4
INPUT 2
4
ON
I
O
12
AC
FUSE 1
FUSE 2
CAT
RELAY
ALC
IN 1
11
9
8
CAT
RELAY
ALC
RS232
IN 2
6
7
5
10
1) ANT
connectors for four possible antennas.
2) SO2R
connector for SO2R operations
3) INPUT
connectors to connect two exciters.
4) FANS
5) RS 232 CONNECTOR
6) IN 1
ALC, RELAY, CAT connectors for exciter 1.
7) IN 2
ALC, RELAY, CAT connectors for exciter 2.
8) FUSE 2
fuse for the power supply; PA unit 12.5A (230, 215, 200 Vac),
20A (115, 100 Vac).
9) FUSE 1
fuse for the power supply; electronic unit 0.5A (230, 215, 200 Vac),
1A (115, 100 Vac ).
10) AC
mains power cable.
11) GND
ground connector.
12) ON
main switch.
Pag. 10 of 10
User’s manual
2.
EXPERT 1K-FA
GENERAL INFORMATION
(Read the specific chapters for more details).
2.1
Power supply
The amplifier’s power supply is 230, 215, 200, 115, 100 Vac (230 Vac default).
The main switch [I/O] is located on the rear panel, in the [O] position all the internal
circuitry is powered off, in the [I] position (red led ON) it is possibile turn ON or turn OFF
the linear amplifier in one of the following ways:
a)
Using the [ON]/[ OFF] keys on the front panel.
b)
Applying / removing 9 -15 Vdc on pin (8) of the CAT connector.
c)
Using the RS232 port and the management software. It is possible to
download this software from the website www.linear-amplifier.com .
Note:
2.2
when turned ON, almost all transceivers output 13,8 Vdc. With this voltage, the linear
amplifier can be turned automatically ON / OFF at the same time as the transceiver.
Input / Output
The linear amplifier has two inputs (INPUT 1, INPUT 2) to which it is possible to connect
two transceivers of any brand or type. These inputs are selected with the [INPUT] key.
It can manage up to four antennas (ANT 1, ANT 2, ANT 3, ANT 4).
The amplifier selects antennas automatically when they have been programmed.
The SO2R functionality is implemented using its proper connector.
2.3
ALC / RELAY / CAT
There are two transceiver inputs (IN 1, IN 2), to allow two different transceivers to be
connected at the same time.
ALC
Is a voltage (0, -11 Vcc) generated by the amplifier, it is used to control the
output power of the transceiver. In this way the power from the amplifier may
be automatically controlled. This link is recommended.
If the ALC port is not connected, it is ncessary to manually regulate the drive
power from the transceiver.
RELAY
This essential link allows the amplifier to be put in the transmit state. To do
that it is necessary that the inner pin of the phono connector is connected to
signal ground. This is normally done at the transceiver with either a close on
ground relay, or with a switching transistor. It is important that the voltages at
that terminal do not exceed 12 Vdc. On the transceiver this link is often called
SEND or TX GND. Refer to your transceiver manual for more details.
CAT
Thanks to this link the linear amplifier will detect the operating frequency of
the transceiver and then automatically control changes of band, antenna and
automatic antenna tuner. Most modern tranceivers have CAT control. In old
models often, analog or digital information are sent for changing band. The
SPE Expert 1K-FA, thanks to an efficient frequency counter, constantly
Pag. 11 of 11
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
controls and verifies data coming from the transceiver. Automatic
management of bands, antennas and tuner can be done in the following way:
a)
In all recent transceivers through CAT connection.
b)
In the older ICOM models, through “BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE”.
c)
In the YAESU models not listed, or without CAT, through "BAND
DATA".
d)
In every other case through the internal frequency counter.
Note: in case d) the CAT link with the transceiver is not needed because the
frequency is detected from the transmitted signal.
Note: in some transceivers the “RELAY” and “CAT” signals are activated by
menu selection: refer in this case to their proper user’s manuals.
Pag. 12 of 12
User’s manual
3.
EXPERT 1K-FA
INTERCONNECTION WITH THE TRANSCEIVER
ANTENNAS
MULTIBAND
TRANSCIEVER
SEE MANUAL
ANT 1
ANT 2
ANT 3
INPUT 1
SO2R
ANT 4
INPUT 2
ON
I
ALC
O
AC
FUSE 1
FUSE 2
CAT
RELAY
ALC
CAT
RELAY
ALC
RELAY
CAT
GND
RS232
GND
1
IN 2
The diagram shows the connections with one transceiver only.To connect the second
transceiver repeat the same connections using the port “IN 2“.
For the ALC, RELAY connections, use the shielded cable (furnished) with phono RCA
connectors.
For the CAT connection, the cable must be made for the transceiver to be connected.
This cable may also be made to include ALC, RELAY ON / OFF (read the “CAT
CONNECTIONS“ chapter of this manual).
For all other information about connecting a transceiver, please refer to its manual.
Pag. 13 of 13
User’s manual
4.
EXPERT 1K-FA
USE OF THE LINEAR AMPLIFIER
ANT 1
ANT 2
INPUT 1
TUNER
ANT 3
INPUT 2
AMPLIFIER
ANT 4
SO2R
IN 1
CAT
IN 2
RELAY ALC
CAT
RELAY ALC
RS 232
The position of the contacts, as shown in the diagram, is the situation of the linear
amplifier in OFF state.
The linear amplifier can be used in the following ways:
1) OFF
Only two direct connections are actuated:
between INPUT 1 and ANT 1
between INPUT 2 and SO2R
2) STANDBY
All the functions are activated (band change, antenna change, tuner
control) but the transmission is from the transceiver only.
3) OPERATE All the functions are activated and the transmission is using the
linear amplifier.
Note:
regulation of the exciter’s power is automatic through the ALC connection. With the
ALC connected, the amplifier input power in OPERATE mode is reduced to the correct
level to drive the amplifier. In standby, the exciter will give the output power as set by
its POWER OUTPUT control. Without the connection, you have to manually regulate
the exciter power to drive the amplifier correctly.
Note:
for continuous duty cycle transmissions (RTTY, PSKxx, SSTV, FM, AM
recommend switching the power to “HALF“ state.
Pag. 14 of 14
etc.) we
User’s manual
4.1
EXPERT 1K-FA
SO2R (Single Operator Two Radio)
This kind of operation is used during a contest in order to acquire, as more quickly as
possible, a new multiplier.
The following connections are needed (see the diagram):
1. INPUT 1
connected to the first transceiver (RTX1).
2. INPUT 2
connected to the second transceiver (RTX2).
3. ANT 1/2/3/4 connected to the available antennas set.
4. SO2R
connected to a multi-band antenna.
The operating mode could be the following:
If you are operating using RTX1 on a given band (e.g 20 m), the correct antenna
(ANT 1/2/3/4) is automatically selected while RTX2 is connected to the multi-band
antenna in RX mode on another band.
If, when operating on 20 m, a multiplier of interest is heard on RTX2 (e.g 40 m), the only
action needed is to push the PTT2 in order to RTX2 to the 40 m antenna, while RTX1
will be switched to the multiband antenna in order to receive the 20 m band.
Note: the isolation between the transmitting antennas and the receiving antenna must be very
high and, therefore, very well planned. Locating the antennas at some distance from
each other, and using appropriate band-pass filters will help to achieve this.
SPE cannot be responsible for any damage caused to equipment by using this mode of
operating.
Pag. 15 of 15
User’s manual
5.
EXPERT 1K-FA
EXTERNAL GROUND CONNECTION
WARNING! Before connecting an external ground as described below, check
with a qualified electrician that your national wiring codes permit such a
connection.
To reduce TVI, BCI and other RF problems it is sometimes helpful to connect the
amplifier to a good RF ground.
The inductance of such a connection has to be low, so the connection to ground should
be as short and direct as possible. Large-section copper conductors should be used for
this purpose. Terminating the earth connection with a small metal plate is suggested.
The best solution is to have a ground stake, driven into the ground, and used only for
the radio station.
Often good results can be acheived using correct earthing clamps, connected to the
mains water supply pipe (attention, most water pipes are now in plastic).
DO NOT use central heating pipework.
AVOID the electric circuit ground of the building (to be used for the 50/60 Hz safety
only).
WARNING! DO NOT connect to gas pipes because there is danger of explosion !!
6.
ANTENNA
Because this is a high-power amplifier, it is necessary to use correctly-rated antennas
and feedline cables.
Take special care with antennas with traps, because trap warming can occur during
periods of high-power transmission and a high SWR can result.
Always use antennas with SWR less than 1,6:1, even if the tuner is able to overcome
some mismatches greater than 3:1.
With the tuner the PA is matched, but with a high VSWR, the cable is mismatched and
there can be consequent loss of power, heating and high voltages present.
Always operate with the best possible matching because, despite the amplifier’s
protection against high SWR, continuous use into a mismatched load (a bit lower than
the protection threshold) may lead to damage.
It is suggested that suitable static protection be given to antenna feeder cables.
Pag. 16 of 16
User’s manual
7.
EXPERT 1K-FA
POWER SUPPLY
The power supply unit of the SPE Expert 1K-FA has two blocks with two separate
power transformers.
The first block has regulated and protected voltages, and powers all the electronic
circuits for command and control.
The second block powers only the PA. It has a toroidal transformer with a low magnetic
field to avoid disturbances to nearby equipment. The output voltages are 44 Vdc (on
FULL-power mode) and 30 Vdc (on HALF-power mode), regulated with SCRs that also
provide ‘soft start’ on switch-on.
This design was adopted as it provides maximum efficiency and therefore less heat to
dissipate.
7.1
Mains cable termination
Your dealer will ensure that a mains plug appropriate for the country of use is fitted.
If the amplifier is used in a country other than that of the original purchase, refer to your
dealer for assistance.
The default mains voltage supply of the amplifier is 230 Vac (210-250 Vac).
It may be set to 215, 200, 115 and 100 Vac also.
To change the operating voltage see below:
WARNING! - REMOVE THE MAINS CORD FROM THE WALL SOCKET AND
WAIT AT LEAST 2 MINUTES FOR CAPACITORS TO DISCHARGE.
Only then, remove the bottom cover, the plastic protection and connect following the
diagrams below:
Single-phase 3-wire line (210-250 VAC
The green / yellow wire from AC power cable must be
blue (white)
connected to the ground wire.
green/yellow (green)
The blue and brown wires from the AC power cable
brown (black)
can be connected to either terminal.
Single-phase 2-wire line (105-125 VAC)
The green / yellow wire from AC power cable must be
blue (white)
connected to the ground wire.
green/yellow (green)
brown (black)
The blue wire from AC power cable must be
connected to the hot (live) wire.
The brown wire from AC power cable must be
connected to the return wire.
Pag. 17 of 17
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
black
230 VAC
blue
blue
blue
blue
orange
black
black
white
white
brown
brown
brown
red
brow
n
50 W
TRANSFORMER
1 KW
TRANSFORMER
200 VAC
215 VAC
blue
black
blue
blue
black
blue
blue
orange
blue
blue
orange
black
black
black
black
white
white
white
brown
brown
brown
blue
white
brown
brown
brown
red
red
brow
n
brow
n
50 W
TRANSFORMER
50 W
TRANSFORMER
1 KW
TRANSFORMER
100 VAC
black
115 VAC
1 KW
TRANSFORMER
blue
blue
blue
black
blue
black
blue
blue
blue
orange
blue
orange
black
black
bro
w
n
black
white
white
brown
brown
white
brown
50 W
TRANSFORMER
brown
white
brown
red
red
brow
n
brow
50 W
TRANSFORMER
1 KW
TRANSFORMER
Pag. 18 of 18
1 KW
TRANSFORMER
n
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
After checking your wiring, re-install the plastic protection, the bottom cover and make
sure that, when using 115 and 100 Vac, in “Fuse 1” there is a 1A fuse and in “Fuse 2”
there is a 20A fuse (included in the packaging).
Mark the voltage change on the back panel.
Pag. 19 of 19
User’s manual
8.
EXPERT 1K-FA
TUNER
The amplifier has an automatic tuner that handles load mismatches up to 3:1 VSWR
(2.5:1 for 6 m).
The circuit used is a PI – L network with excellent harmonic suppression.
The amplifier contains a look-up table with all the permitted bands.
For tuner management, antenna data and other working data are stored.
Every band has a sub-band set, and for each of those, data related to the antenna and
auto-ATU tuning is stored.
The CAT and the frequency counter detect the operating frequency and the correct
sub-band. Thanks to the stored data, the tuner and the antenna are automatically set
correctly.
For every input there is a different table. If two exciters are connected at the same time,
each exciter can have different configurations.
It is possible to use the two different tables when the amplifier operates at two different
locations. In fact it is possible to use the INPUT 1 at one and INPUT 2 on the other. In
this way repeated reprogrammings are not needed
Furthermore, table driven management is useful to inhibit operation of the amplifier, for
instance when an antenna for a particular band is not available.
All auto-tuner functions remain, on standby, whilst using the transceiver only.
Setting of the match data to write to the tables is performed automatically by pressing
the [TUNE] key The system will then find the correct match for minimum SWR.
To achieve a better match than that achieved with the automatic tune routine (most
unlikely) it is possible to set the tuning manually by using the keys [◄C], [C►], [◄L],
[L►].
When manual tuning has been performed, it is possible to read the tuning value, the
working frequency and the associated sub-band on the appropriate screen page.
Both the types of tuning are always effected in “STANDBY“ state.
Note:
the tuner, like all analog circuits, introduces a loss (0,8 dB max.) that may vary with
tuning conditions.The power meter of the amplifier does not show this loss as the
power is measured at the tuner input where the load resistance is always constant
(50 ohm).
Note:
ATTENTION: When the amplifier is either in “STANDBY” or “OPERATE” mode, always
disable the automatic tuner in your transceiver.
Note:
ATTENTION: As two different tables are used for INPUT1 and INPUT2, it is necessary
to make separate matching, for the same antenna, depending on the used input.
Ignoring this caution could make the amplifier work for a long period with a high SWR
and this practice could seriously damage the amplifier even if the protection level is not
exceeded.
Pag. 20 of 20
User’s manual
9.
EXPERT 1K-FA
PROTECTIONS / ALARMS
The SPE EXPERT 1K-FA has a sophisticated protection system that constantly controls
the amplifier’s most important parameters.
These parameters are:
Temperature of the heatsink; max. / min. voltage on the PA; max. PA current; SWR;
reflected power; max voltage RF on the tuner; input power; power combiner balance.
Note:
unlike all the other linear amplifiers that measure only the reflected power of the
antenna, to guarantee a greater protection of the PA, the SPE amplifier measures also
the power of harmonics reflected by the band-pass filter.
Note:
to guarantee the maximum efficiency with the same output power, the PA has three
MRF150 push-pull amplifiers connected through a combiner.
Note:
temperature measurement is used also to control fan speed. The thresholds where the
speed changes may be changed from NORMAL (default) or CONTEST (See the
“Programming” chapter of this manual).
The protection system is effected in two different ways:
1)
Through hardware circuits to guarantee minimum intervention time.
2)
Through software, with one of the two CPU’s, to guarantee the maximum
precision.
The two results are always compared, every difference produces a protection trip and
consequent alarm.
There are three types of protections/alarms:
a) SIMPLE
b) SERIOUS
c) FATAL
This is the most common case. An acoustic warning beep
sounds, but no operator intervention is required, as the control
system automatically restores the correct operating conditions.
When automatic system recovery is not possible (e.g. the
temperature climbs over the limits due to obstruction of the fans,
SWR is too high, etc.). In this case the amplifier switches into
standby state and the alarm is stored. Normally transmission can
continue with the exciter only.
If the amplifier is in the b) situation but the CPU is faulty or it isn’t
able to operate, the amplifier is turned OFF with no other
warning. To restart the amplifier, the main switch in the rear
panel has to be set first to [O], and then to the [I] position
Note:
it is possibile to read the alarms history in the standby mode using the [DISPLAY] key.
To reset the alarm file log press the [TUNE] and [OPERATE] keys together.
For further details, please consult the next paragraphs.
Note:
if the acoustic alarm is very frequent during transmission, the possible causes should
be investigated.
Pag. 21 of 21
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
Note:
before the temperature limits are reached, the output power will change from FULL
to HALF automatically, so that transmission with the amplifier may continue with
reduced power.
In SSB the use of the compressor is recommended only when necessary; this
strongly reduces the temperature increase.
If the temperature is allowed to rise further, then a “SERIOUS“ alarm will eventually
be activated.
Note:
during a SERIOUS alarm, there is an acoustic alarm for 10 sec. Pressing the
[DISPLAY] key, the system changes to ‘STANDBY’ state immediately.
Note:
ATTENTION :when a “FATAL” alarm occurs immediately contact your reseller.
Pag. 22 of 22
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
10. PROGRAMMING
The three [SET], [◄▲] and [▼►] keys, underlined with an orange line, permit
programing the amplifier and they can used in the following way:
[SET]
[◄▲], [▼►]
Use it to open the menu page, to validate the choices and to exit from
the menu page.
Use these to select the options.
A green led illuminates during the programming process.
To program the system is very easy. You will find your programming choices confirmed
by the items shown at the lower part of the display.
Note:
programming is only possible in ‘STANDBY’ mode.
Note:
programming changes take effect only after exiting from the menu page (the green led
turns off).
10.1 Ways to operate
Pressing the [SET] key opens the menu page. On the display there are the following
options:
a) ANTENNA
An appropriate antenna may be assigned to each band selecting
the (ANT 1, ANT 2, ANT 3, ANT 4) connector.
If you don’t have an antenna for a particular band, input “NO“.
This setup allows to preset up to two antennas for the same band.
Both antennas can be switched using the [ANT] key while working
either in “OPERATE” or in “STANDBY” mode.
Pag. 23 of 23
User’s manual
b) CAT
EXPERT 1K-FA
Allows you to program the amplifier to accept control commands from
specific transceiver types.
You may need to refer to your transceiver user manual to ensure that
it is correctly programmed to handle such a link.
Select the brand or function:
- SPE
- ICOM
- KENWOOD
- YAESU
- TEN-TEC
- FLEX-RADIO
- ELECRAFT
- RS232
- NONE
No further programming is necessary, all is already
programmed for the SPE transceivers.
You need to choose between “CI-V“, or “Band Control
Voltage “ if you use the analog connection (read the “CAT
CONNECTIONS” chapter of this manual).
If you choose “CI-V“, you also need to choose the baud rate
which is usually 9600.
You have to choose the baud rate (almost always 9600).
If you use the CAT connection (read the “CAT
CONNECTIONS” chapter of this manual), select the model of
the transceiver and than select the baud rate (almost always
4800). If the model isn’t in the list, select “Band Data“ (read
the “CAT CONNECTIONS” chapter of this manual).
Make the CAT connection (read the “CAT CONNECTIONS”
chapter of this manual) and follow the menu instructions.
Make the CAT connection (read the “CAT CONNECTIONS”
chapter of this manual) and follow the menu instructions.
Make the CAT connection (read the “CAT CONNECTIONS”
chapter of this manual) and follow the same indications as for
KENWOOD.
With a proper protocol it is possible to use this port not only
as a remote control but also as a CAT port (useful to link the
linear with any customer application).
Download the protocol specification from the website
www.linear-amplifier.com
Program when there isn’t a link with the Transceiver.
The amplifier frequency counter will then be used .
Note: if using the CAT, check that the baud rate of your transceiver is set to the same value as
you program to the amplifier.
Pag. 24 of 24
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
c) MANUAL TUNE Allows you to tune the amplifier manually. However, achieving a
better setting than that obtained by automatic tuning is very unlikely.
Set your exciter to transmit a continuous RTTY or CW signal.
Press the [◄ L], [L ►], [◄ C], [C ►] keys until you obtain the
minimum SWR.
The operating frequency and the sub-band are also shown on the
display.
Note:
d) BACKLIGHT
the tuning process has to be repeated for every entry (INPUT1,
INPUT 2).
Regulates the backlight of the display.
Note:
display contrast has to be set manually. Remove the upper cover
and adjust through the hole at the upper right of the CPU card.
Adjust only if it is necessary, and use an insulated screwdriver
with care.
e) CONTEST
Permits programming fan thresholds for normal operation
(Normal) and heavy-use (Contest).
off : Normal 40 °C, 70 °C, 83 °C (104° F, 158 °F, 181 °F).
on : Contest 60 °C, 75 °C (140 °F, 167 °F).
f) BEEP
on :
off:
g) START
h) TEMP
All acoustic warnings alarms operate and a beep confirms a
keystroke.
When you press a key there is no beep feedback, but for
all warning conditions and alarms, the acoustic warnings
are still functional.
standby:
STANDBY mode at startup.
operate:
OPERATE mode at startup.
°C: Display tempeature readout expressed in Celsius degrees.
°F:
Display tempeature readout expressed in °Fahrenheit
degrees.
To get more acquainted with the display features and to learn more about setup
procedures, please refer to “18. APPENDIX 1”.
Pag. 25 of 25
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
11. INITIAL OPERATION OF THE AMPLIFIER
Before turning ON the amplifier, the following preliminary operations are necessary:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Read this manual with care.
Be sure that the amplifier is correctly set for the local mains voltage supply.
Connect the amplifier to the ground circuit
Connect the antennas.
Connect the amplifier to the transceiver (read the “CONNECTIONS WITH
THE TRANSCEIVER” chapter of this manual)
Operate [I] the main switch on back panel, and press the [ON] key on the front panel.
Select the INPUT for the transceiver, and always carry out programming with the
amplifier in STANDBY. If you change INPUT you have to repeat this programming.
Note:
you may have to repeat some programming if you change antenna, transceiver,etc.
Note:
ATTENTION the ‘RELAY’ and ‘CAT’ signals in some types of transceivers are only
turned ON from a transceiver MENU. Refer to the user manual.
Note:
ATTENTION, when the amplifier is on the ‘STANDBY’ and ‘OPERATE’ modes, always
disable the transceiver auto-ATU.
11.1 Initial Programming
You must carry out the next steps in the sequence below:
a) Set Antenna.
Press [SET] and open the “ANTENNA“ menu page.
Assign an appropriate antenna for the band concerned. If you don’t have an
antenna for a band, input “NONE“.
When all the antennas are programmed, exit and go back to STANDBY.
b) Set CAT.
Press [SET] and enter the “CAT“ menu page.
Select the transceiver brand and progress with programming according to the
type of connection between the amplifier and the transceiver (read the “CAT
CONNECTIONS” chapter of this manual).
At the end of programming, exit and go back in STANDBY.
To verify the correctness of programming, press the [CAT] key, and all the
data stored will appear on the display.
To verify the correct “CAT” operation, press [SET] and select “MANUAL TUNE”, While
changing your transceiver VFO, you should see the amplifier frequency display follow.
Then return to STANDBY.
In the same way, if “BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE“ or “BAND DATA“ are connected,
check that the amplifier follows band changes at the transceiver.
If it does not, verify that your programming (or your link) has been done correctly.
Pag. 26 of 26
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
d) Use of Automatic Tuner
To complete the programming it is necessary to match the antennas to the
amplifier by operating “TUNE“ (read the “TUNER“ chapter of this manual).
We recommend you to select each band (with available antenna) and then
program the tuner for the sub-bands within which you will operate.
Refer to the table in section 18 of this manual to select the appropriate
sub-bands for your operating preferences.
Progress as follows:
1) Find the central frequency of the sub-band to tune in the table (refer to
section 18 of this manual) and set the transceiver to that frequency.
2) Set your transceiver to transmit a continuous tone in RTTY or CW.
3) Press the [TUNE] key. The procedure for automatic tuning will start and
then it will stop when SWR is at a minimum. Sometimes it is possible to
improve tuning by pressing the [TUNE] key again.
4) Repeat the previous steps for all bands and sub-bands you want.
5) Repeat the previous steps for the eventual other antenna of the same
band after having selected it using the [ANT] key.
Note:
if the ALC link is not used, it is preferable to reduce the transceiver power
to about 50 Watts during this operation.
Note:
as a default, the table is programmed for standard 50 ohm out. If, for a
band/antenna, you want to reset to default programming, proceed as
follows:
- Go to the “ANTENNA“ menu page and set this band/antenna to
“NO“, then exit from that page.
- Go to the “ANTENNA“ menu page again, assign the appropriate
antenna to this band, then exit from that page.
The programming will be reset for 50 ohm output.
The initial programming concludes after steps a), b), c).
To get more acquainted with the display features and to learn more about setup
procedures, please refer to “18. APPENDIX 1”.
Pag. 27 of 27
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
11.2 Operating
You need few precautions when using the amplifier thanks its high level of automation.
SPE reminds you that it is better to lose a fraction of dB in transmitted power, by slightly
reducing the drive power, than to over-drive the amplifier and have a poor quality
transmission.
During transmission check the parameters on the display always, because SPE has
selected, designed and adjusted them with care.
SPE recommends (using the ALC link) that the transceiver should be set to its
maximum drive power.
To reduce the amplifier output, if required, it is then necessary only to set the amplifier
to “HALF” power state rather than changing the transceiver drive power.
Of course you may also regulate continuously the amplifier output power by changing
the level of drive power from your transceiver.
If less output power than 500 Watts is desired, it is preferable, for best efficiency, to
start to reduce drive from the “HALF” power state.
SETTING DRIVE LEVELS
a) SSB:
Regulate the “MIC GAIN” of the transceiver until, speaking normally into
the microphone, the signal peaks on the display don't quite reach the
maximum rated output power. Monitoring the transmission is a good way
of checking your settings. If there is however some distortion, decrease
the “mic gain” or decrease the power of the transceiver until a small
reduction of the output power of the amplifier is seen.
b) CW:
In key down, you get the maximum output power automatically. Check the
“PW REV”. If it shows more than 120/140 Watts, decrease the power of
the transceiver until that value or less is noted.
When CW mode is extensively used, a manual regulation of the exciter’s
output power is advisable to avoid improper ALC action if the transceiver
has an excessively slow ALC regulation. Poor ALC regulation could result
in overdrive, which in turn could result in damage.
c) RTTY, DIGITAL MODES, SSTV, FM: SPE recommends you operate in ‘HALF’ mode
because these types of transmission have a very high duty cycle. Check
“PW REV”, and if it shows more than 120/140 Watts, decrease the power
from the transceiver. In case of very heavy use, it is advisable to work in
“Contest” condition to take advantage of the greater efficiency of the fans.
d) AM
This transmission mode radiates a continuous carrier which is 25 % of its
PEP value (400W PEP AM = 100W carrier power). SPE recommends you
always operate in ‘HALF’ mode for AM. To get an output signal without
distortion, proceed as follows: transmit the AM carrier only, with your
transceiver “MIC GAIN” set to zero, and no modulation. Set the
transceiver without exceeding 125W of carrier output from the amplifier.
Then, speaking into the microphone normally, set the” MIC GAIN” of the
transceiver until the peak output power, on speech peaks, as shown on
the amplifier display, is no more than 500W. Note that because of the
modulation characteristics of AM, the average value shown will normally
Pag. 28 of 28
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
be much less. SPE suggests you monitor your transmission to check that
the “MIC GAIN” setting is correct. In case of very heavy use, it is advisable
to work in “Contest” condition to take advantage of the greater efficiency
of the fans.
Note:
if you choose to set the output power of the amplifier by varying the output power of
the transceiver, the ALC connection is not required.
Note:
ATTENTION, never stress the amplifier with long periods in key-down transmission, as
this can stress the amplifier components.
Note:
in SSB the use of the compressor is recommended only when necessary; this strongly
reduces the temperature increase.
Pag. 29 of 29
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
12. CAT CONNECTIONS
12.1 CAT Connector
In this diagram the rear panel CAT connector and pinouts are shown
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
12
5
13
6
14
7
15
8
RX 232
TX 232
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE
RX TTL
TX TTL
KEN TTL
GND
RELAY
ALC
TX-INH
BAND A
BAND B
BAND DATA
BAND C
BAND D
REMOTE ON
DB15 F
pin n°
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
12
5
13
6
14
7
15
8
pin name
RX 232
TX 232
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE
RX TTL
TX TTL
KEN TTL
GND
RELAY
ALC
TX - INH
DATA A
DATA B
DATA C
DATA D
REMOTE ON
Description
Used on KENWOOD and YAESU transceivers for the link with a RS232 connection.
Analog band switch on the Icom transceivers.
Used on Icom, KENWOOD and YAESU transceivers for the CAT 5V
TTL connection.
Connect to GND if CAT 5V TTL KENWOOD connection.
Signal ground.
Connected in parallel with the RCA phono RELAY connector.
Connected in parallel with the RCA phono ALC connector.
Used to improve the receive / transmit switching efficiency.
Bit A of Band Data (digital switch of band for YAESU).
Bit B of Band Data (digital switch of band for YAESU).
Bit C of Band Data (digital switch of band for YAESU).
Bit D of Band Data (digital switch of band for YAESU).
Applying a voltage from 9 to 15 Vcc, turns the amplifier ON.
Using the above information, an appropriate cable for your transceiver(s) may be
constructed, or you might wish to order a correctly made-up cable when you order your
amplifier from your local dealer. The amplifier connector is included with the
amplifier,and the transceiver connector (called “Radio” in the next diagram) is usually
supplied with the transceiver.
For connections to the Radio connector, refer to the transceiver operating manual.
12.2 SPE
In the case of SPE transceivers, it isn’t necessary to make a cable because it is
supplied with the transceiver.
Pag. 30 of 30
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
12.3 ICOM
CAT CI–V Interface
1
9
2
10
RX TTL
RADIO CONNECTOR
3
11
4
GND
12
5
13
6
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
This interface is standard for all the Icom models equipped with CAT, the cable always
terminates to a 3,5 mm. plug
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE Interface
1
9
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE
2
10
3
11
4
GND
GND
12
RADIO CONNECTOR
5
13
6
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
This interface is standard for all the Icom models not equipped with CAT. The change of
a voltage determines the change of band.
Pag. 31 of 31
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
12.4 KENWOOD
CAT RS232 Interface
1
9
RX 232
TX 232
(RXD)
2
(TXD)
10
RX 232
TX 232
3
11
4
GND
GND
12
RTS
13
CTS
5
6
RADIO CONNECTOR
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
The Radio connector could be DB-9 or DB-25 male connector or female connector
(read the specific manual). In the manual also verify if the RTS–CTS link is necessary.
CAT 5V TTL Interface
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
TX
RX TTL
TX TTL
KEN TTL
GND
RX
GND
12
RTS
13
CTS
5
6
RADIO CONNECTOR
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
The connector is described in the specific manual. Verify if the RTS–CTS link is
necessary.
Pag. 32 of 32
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
12.5 YAESU
CAT RS232 Interface
1
9
RX 232
TX 232
(RXD)
2
(TXD)
10
TX 232
RX 232
3
11
4
GND
GND
12
RTS
13
CTS
5
6
RADIO CONNECTOR
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
The radio connector may be a DB-9 or DB-25 male connector or female connector (read
the specific manual). Verify from the manual if the RTS–CTS link is necessary.
CAT 5V TTL Interface
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
RX TTL
TX TTL
TX
GND
GND
RX
12
RTS
13
CTS
5
6
RADIO CONNECTOR
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
The connector is described in the manual. Verify if the RTS–CTS link is necessary.
Pag. 33 of 33
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
BAND DATA Interface
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
GND
GND
12
5
13
6
14
7
15
BAND A
BAND B
BAND C
BAND D
BAND A
BAND B
BAND C
BAND D
8
RADIO CONNECTO
CONNECTOR
DB15 M
Without the CAT, the band is commanded by four digital signals (Band A, Band B,
Band C, Band D). Refer to the specific manual.
12.6 TEN–TEC, FlexRadio, ELECRAFT
CAT RS232 Interface
1
9
RX 232
TX 232
(RXD)
2
(TXD)
10
TX 232
RX 232
3
11
4
GND
GND
12
RTS
13
CTS
5
6
RADIO CONNECTOR
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
The radio connector may be a DB-9 or DB-25 male connector or female connector (read
the specific manual). Verify from the manual if the RTS–CTS link is necessary.
Pag. 34 of 34
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
12.7 TRANSCEIVERS OF OTHER BRANDS
A special link is not necessary as the internal amplifier frequency counter will measure
the input frequency and will control the amplifier.
Pag. 35 of 35
User’s manual
13
EXPERT 1K-FA
OTHER CONNECTIONS
On the 15-pin connector, in addition to the CAT signals, the ALC and RELAY signals
are repeated, REMOTE ON and TX – INH are also available. If you use this connector,
in some cases, separate ALC and RELAY cables may not be necessary, or it may be
possible to turn the amplifier on / off by turning on / off the transceiver (REMOTE ON).
The following diagram shows how to integrate all transceiver control connections to the
15-way amplifier connector.
Check the transceiver handbooks for terminating that end of the cable.
13.1 ALC, RELAY CONNECTIONS
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
12
5
13
GND
GND
RELAY
ALC
GND
RELAY/SEND/TX-GND
ALC
6
14
GND
15
RADIO CONNECTOR
7
8
DB15 M
13.2 REMOTE ON LINK
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
GND
12
5
13
GND
14
13.8V
15
RADIO CONNECTOR
6
7
8
REMOTE ON
DB15 M
Pag. 36 of 36
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
13.3 TX INH LINK
Some tranceivers have a suitable input (called TX – INHIBIT, LINEAR, MUTE, etc.) that
disables transmission. To improve the receive / transmit switching efficiency it is highly
recommended, but not mandatory, to connect this input with the pin 13 of the linear
connector (TX – INH).
1
9
2
10
3
11
4
GND
GND
12
5
13
TX-INH
TX-INH
6
14
7
RADIO CONNECTOR
15
8
DB15 M
Pag. 37 of 37
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
14. TRANSCEIVER CONTROLLED WITH A PC
If the transceiver is controlled with a PC using the CAT utility, the link with the amplifier
can be made as described in the following paragraphs.
Note: BEWARE, SPE assures only the direct connection between the Linear and the
Transceiver. The use of external control software could create malfunctions that must
be resolved by the provider of such software.
14.1 ICOM CI-V INTERFACE
ICOM
RADIO
DB15 F
LINEAR
CONNECTOR
CI-V
INTERFACE
CT 17
The plug from the amplifier has to be connected to a CI–V port of the CT17 or similar
device. The transceiver has to be connected to another CI–V port.
Pag. 38 of 38
User’s manual
14.2 RS232 INTERFACE
KENWOOD OR YAESU
RADIO CONNECTOR
RX
RX
TX
9
TX
RX 232
TX 232
GND
RS232
1
EXPERT 1K-FA
X
2
10
11
GND
4
GND
RS232
3
PC CONNECTOR
12
5
13
6
14
7
15
8
DB15 M
This type of link is the same for KEWOOD, YAESU, TEN-TEC, FlexRadio and
ELECRAFT
On the other end of the cable it is necessary to link only GND and RX 232.
14.3 5V TTL KENWOOD INTERFACE
KENWOOD
RADIO CONNECTOR
11
4
TX
3
RX TTL
TX TTL
KEN TTL
GND
RX
10
RX
2
TX
TTL
9
GND
1
X
GND
12
5
13
TTL INTERFACE
6
14
7
PC
15
8
DB15 M
The links on the linear connector side are the same.
On the other end of the cable it is necessary to link only GND and RX TTL.
Pag. 39 of 39
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
14.4 5V TTL YAESU INTERFACE
YAESU
RADIO CONNECTOR
11
4
TX
3
RX TTL
TX TTL
RX
10
RX
2
TX
TTL
9
GND
1
X
GND
GND
12
5
13
TTL INTERFACE
6
14
7
PC
15
8
DB15 M
The links on the linear connector side are the same.
On the other end of the cable it is necessary to link only GND and RX TTL.
Pag. 40 of 40
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
15. USE OF THE RS-232 PORT
Through the RS232 port it is possibile to interface the amplifier with a PC.
It is possible to download from the website www.linear-amplifier.com the software that
permits interfacing the amplifier in a remote way, connecting the amplifier to a PC with
the supplied cable.
On the same website there is, for programmer use, a protocol specification that permits
creation of a proper software application.
Note:
SPE doesn't take any responsibility for these applications.
Pag. 41 of 41
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
16. MAINTENANCE
The Expert 1K-FA linear amplifier doesn’t need internal maintenance because it has a
cover without ventilation holes. No tube-type EHT is used so the high voltages present
in tube amplifiers, which sometimes attract dirt, are not present.
The user has only to periodically check the cleaning of the air filter on the front panel.
The frequency of such operation depends how dusty the amplifier location is and how
much it is used. We recommend monthly cleaning of the filter.
To clean the filter
a)
Remove the front grid.
b)
Remove the filter and clean it with care.
c)
Reassemble the filter and the grid after having carefullly cleaned the
mechanical structure that includes them.
Note:
check the filter if an unexpected rise of temperature is noticed.
Note:
never operate without the filter, as dust could be deposited on the surface of the
heatsink limiting its ability to cool.
Note:
to allow the most efficient heat-dissipation, large copper parts have been used.
Pag. 42 of 42
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
17. CHARACTERISTICS / SPECIFICATIONS
- The smallest in the world
Built-in Power supply and Automatic Antenna Tuner.
Dimension: w 28, h 14, d 32 cm. (11.02” W, 5.51” H, 12.60” D) (connectors
included).
Weight: approx. 20 Kg (19 Kg typ.), 44 lbs (41.8 lbs typ.).
- The most technologically advanced in the world
Two CPUs are used, one of which is dedicated to the transceiver interface
requirements (CAT).
Pi-L output circuit.
Over 13000 lines of software for performance that cannot be found in any other
amplifier.
- Fully Automatic
Easy connection with all models "ICOM, YAESU, KENWOOD, TEN-TEC,
FlexRadio ELECRAFT" for immediate management of the bands, tuner and
antennas.
Same performance with all makes or homemade rigs.
The operator has only to move the “Frequency Tuning Knob” in the transceiver!!!
- Wide frequency coverage
1.8 MHz to 50 MHz including WARC bands.
- Fully solid state
1 KW pep SSB output; 900 W pep CW out (typ.) ; 700 W pep out. (typ.) on
50 MHz.
FULL / HALF power selected according to the operator SSB/CW power
requirement, for digital modes and for linear protection (automatic).
No heating time, immediately ready!
Virtually limitless life of the amplification devices (MOSFETs).
- Automatic Antenna Tuner built-in
Capable of matching 3:1 SWR on HF, and 2.5:1 SWR on 6 meters.
Capable of programmable switching of 4 antennas (SO239 connectors).
Up to two antennas for the same band.
Bands, Antennas, Tuning conditions are changed in 10 msec.
Bands, Antennas and Tuning conditions are managed also in “STBY“ to support
the exciter only.
- SO2R.
- Two inputs available.
SO239 connectors.
- High power gain (up to 16 dB).
In “OPERATE“ the required drive power is automatically set with an ALC
connection and in “STANDBY“ the exciter is then automatically reset to full power.
- Very clean and low distortion output!
Spurious emissions less than -50 dB ( 50 MHz –60 dB ).
3rd order distortion (two tone test) 36 dB typ.
Pag. 43 of 43
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
- Input 50 ohm always perfectly matched
SWR less than 1.2:1.
- Fully protected
Temperature, Over-Voltage, Over-Current, SWR, Reflected Power, Max RF Tuner
Voltage, Over-Drive, Amp. The correct parameters are continuously monitored.
The same protection is realized in two different ways:
· Via hardware circuits (HW) to assure great speed.
· Via the software (SW), to assure great accuracy.
Thanks to the SW, transmit relay changeover is carried out with zero current at
the contacts.
- Full break-in operation (QSK)
- Normal / Contest operation to optimize performance
- Very quiet operation
Seven quiet three-speed cooling fans:
· 150 CFM maximum total air flow.
Temperature thresholds for speed change:
· 40 °C (104 °F), 70 °C (158 °F) and 83 °C (181 °F). (normal mode).
· 60 °C (140 *F). and 75 °C (167 °F). (contest mode).
Noise level:
· 39 dBa at maximum blower speed.
- Continuous use
“FULL” mode: SSB unlimited, key down 2 minutes.
“HALF” mode: SSB unlimited, key down 5 minutes.
- Regulated power supply, input 230 / 215 / 200 / 115 / 100 Vac
With all input voltages the output power doesn't change.
A well designed grain-oriented, tape-wound toroidal transformer reduces
magnetic fields around the amplifier .
- The linear can be switched ON / OFF also switching ON / OFF the exciter
- With a large LCD display is possible to have a great deal of information
W pep out, V pa, I pa, W pep reflected, Power gain, Temperature, SWR, Input
setting, CAT setting, Band and other indications including an alarms log.
- Easy to operate
Powerful SW gives you a user-friendly unit.
- RS 232 port for PC control
SW is supplied to remote the linear front panel.
With a proper protocol it is possible to use this port not only as a remote control but
also as a CAT port (useful to link the linear with any customer application).
- Easy transportation
A sturdy carry-bag is supplied for “QSY, FIELD DAY, DX’ PEDITIONS etc.“.
- Certifications :
CE, FCC .
SPE guarantees all previous data on 14 MHz.
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
Pag. 44 of 44
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18. APPENDIX 1
18.1 Main Display Page (STANDBY Mode).
The Main Display Page, just like any other visual page handled by the system, is
substantially divided into two parts:
• A User Area showing some information/data which vary according to the current
working status.
• A Status Bar which is committed to displaying either the various status
information or, as for the info pages visualization and setup menus, for user
prompts and for short help notes (contextual helps).
User Area.
Status Bar.
Heatsink temperature shown
either in Celsius degrees (°C)
or in Fahrenheit degrees (°F)
Standing Wave Ratio value
(SWR).
Selected power level.
CAT interface setup (Computer
Aided Transceiver) relative to
the selected input.
Antenna selection relative to
the tuned band.
Tuned band relative to the
selected input.
Selected input.
Pag. 45 of 45
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.2 Main Display Page (TX Exciter).
When in STANDBY mode and, having a transceiver connected to one of the two inputs
of the linear the TX is switched to, there is a context change and the Main Display
Page showing the STANDBY Mode changes to another display page (TX Exciter)
which shows the input power signal level both in graphical form (by means of a level
bar) and in numerical format (W pep).
The level bar and the numerical indication have a maximum peak hold function with a
programmed delay of about 1 second.
When the connected transceiver is switched back to RX mode the Main Display Page
showing the STANDBY state is displayed again .
Reception
Transmission
(exciter only)
Reception
During the whole transmission period the SWR cell inside the Status Bar displays in
real-time the current value of the Standing Wave Ratio; when back in reception mode
the null value “--.--” is shown.
Pag. 46 of 46
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.3 Alarm History Display Page.
If, in STANDBY mode the [DISPLAY] key is pressed, the Alarm History Page report is
displayed; this new page shows in reverse order (the higher numerical index is the last
alarm message) all the stored alarm messages since the last stack reset .
To come back to the Main Display Page (STANDBY mode) all it needed is to press the
[DISPLAY] key again.
[DISPLAY]
[DISPLAY]
Due to the small display capability the Alarm History Page can show only four
message lines at a time so, in order to view any other message “out of sight”, the arrow
keys ([◄▲] [▼►]) must be used to obtain the text scroll.
[▼►]: one line down
[◄▲]: one line up
To empty the whole alarm stack the [TUNE] and [OPERATE] keys must be pressed and
kept down till the following display page appears:
Pag. 47 of 47
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.4 Setup Options Menu.
The Setup Options Menu can be accessed using the [SET] key while standing in the
Main Display Page:
[SET]
A menu composed of various items which can be selected will be displayed, one item at
a time, using the arrow keys ([◄▲] [▼►]); to confirm a choice the [SET] key must be
pressed.
The QUIT item must be chosen to leave the Setup Options Menu and come back to
the Main Display Page:
[SET]
The items shown by the Setup Options Menu can be divided into two categories :
Selected input settings
ANTENNA
CAT
MANUAL TUNE
BACKLIGHT
CONTEST
Global settings
BEEP
Pag. 48 of 48
START
TEMP.
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
The Selected input settings are used for characterizing some parameters relative to
both the inputs and they are:
• ANTENNA for setting the proper antenna (up to a maximum of two) for every
ham band relative to the selected input.
• CAT for setting the proper CAT interface relative to the selected input.
• MANUAL TUNE for making some manual fine-tune operations inside the tuned
band relative to the selected input.
The Global settings perform their action over the whole system and they are:
• BACKLIGHT for setting the LCD backlight brightness.
• CONTEST for setting one of the two handling modes of the amplifier’s cooling
fans (CONTEST On/Off).
• BEEP for enabling/disabling the acoustical feedback following any keystroke
coming from the amplifier’s keyboard.
• START for setting the amplifier’s startup mode (STANDBY/OPERATE) occurring
after the next power-up.
• TEMP. for displaying the temperature measurements using either Celsius
degrees (°C) or Fahrenheit degrees (°F).
Pag. 49 of 49
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.5 SET ANTENNA Menu.
[SET]
[SET]
The SET ANTENNA is for setting the proper antennas for every ham band relative to
the two inputs; the available choiches are:
• 1, 2, 3, 4 corresponding to the individual output connectors mounted on the rear
panel of the amplifier (ANT1, ANT2, ANT3, ANT4).
• NO means that there is no antenna setting for a certain ham band; this kind of
setting also causes the tuning memories to be restored to factory defaults.
After entered the menu, the
amplifier’s current antenna setting
is shown as the default choice (in
this example is the 160 m band
coupled with ANT1).
Note: up to two different antennas can be assigned to every one of the ten ham bands; these
choices are shown on the same line of the label band. Each of the two settings can be
recalled while either in STANDBY or in OPERATE by simply pressing the [ANT] key
which switches them back and forth.
For making any change, the [SET]
key must be repeatedly pressed
until the wanted antenna value
appears as the current choice (in
this example ANT2).
Using the selection arrow keys
([◄▲] [▼►]), all the menu items
can be selected. The contextual
help line shows a short description
of the current operation (in this
example on the second antenna of
the 160 m band).
Pag. 50 of 50
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
To edit the antenna setting for
another band the arrow key ([◄▲]
[▼►]) must be used to select the
proper choice and, then, repeat
the above described procedure.
At the end of the desired setting operations, the SAVE option must be chosen and
confirmed using the [SET] key in order to save all the data relative to the
bands/antennas to the amplifier’s storage memory; these settings will be available until
over-written.
As a confirmation of the data save, the “DATA STORED!” message will appear and,
then, the Main Display Page which restores the system in STANDBY mode.
The ANT cell of the Status Bar shows, in this example, the new antenna value (ANT 2)
which has been selected for the tuned 160 m band.
If the user wants to repeat the same kind of operation on the other input (in this example
input 2), the right input must be switched using the [INPUT] key just before entering the
Setup Options Menu and repeating the above described procedure.
The Status Bar always shows the updated value of the selected input.
Pag. 51 of 51
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.6 SET CAT Menu
[SET]
[SET]
The SET CAT menu allows setting (or exclusion) of the CAT (Computer Aided
Transceiver) interface. This interface, if present in the connected transceiver, allows the
amplifier to read frequency and band information from the transceiver even whilst in
receive mode. This means the antenna switch and ATU settings are effected even
whilst in receive mode.
During transmission the internal logic bound to the frequency-counter measurements
will override (eventually correct) and validate this information.
When the SET CAT menu is entered, the current setting is selected:
To change the current setting to a new one, select one of the proposed choices using
the arrow keys ([◄▲] [▼►]) and then confirm it using the [SET] key:
Next will be presented a new menu showing the supported models (e.g. the ICOM
transceivers are equipped with two kinds of interface: CI-V and VOLTAGE_BAND): the
choice selected has to be validated using the [SET] key:
Pag. 52 of 52
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
And, at the end, will be shown the menu for communication speed selection (baud-rate):
When the proper choice is made (e.g. 9600 baud) and validated pressing the [SET] key,
the Main Display Page will be shown and the Status Bar will be updated according to
the change just made.
Note: not all CAT interfaces allow all the above mentioned setting options; in the following
pages the operational sequences of the various implemented options will be shown in
short form.
Pag. 53 of 53
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.7 SPE CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note: SPE CAT doesn’t need any baud-rate setting since it is internally fixed.
18.8 ICOM CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note: when CI-V setting is made, the transceiver must be enabled in its “TRANSCEIVE ON”
status following the proper setup sequence described in its reference manual.
Note: if the analog VOLTAGE_BAND inteface is chosen, the baud-rate setting will not be
shown as it is useless. In order to avoid troubles, this setting must be chosen only if the
transceiver is not equipped with any CI-V CAT interface.
Pag. 54 of 54
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.9 KENWOOD, ELECRAFT CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note: KENWOOD CAT interface doesn’t need any model setting.
18.10 YAESU CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note usually YAESU CAT interfaces run at 4800 baud, but, to make the right choice, it’s better
read the transceiver’s documentation carefully. If the BAND_DATA interface is chosen,
the baud-rate setting will not be proposed.
Pag. 55 of 55
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.11 TEN-TEC CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Nota: TEN-TEC transceivers come with their respective baud-rate setting fixed by default, so
the baud-rate menu is not proposed since it is useless.
18.12 FLEX-RADIO CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note FlexRadio Cat interface doesn’t need any model characterization. Its main feature is it
needs some presets which have necessarily to be fixed when in OPERATE Mode.
If interested, read carefully the section “OPERATE Mode and FLEX-RADIO CAT
interface” detailed later.
Pag. 56 of 56
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.13 RS-232 CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note: RS-232 CAT interface is an internal link connected to the serial interface connector used
for EXPERT’s remotization that has to be made using a suitable PC software. Further
details concerning this kind of interface can be found by consulting the document
“Communication Protocol Specifications Rev. 2.0” freely available from the EXPERT
linear amplifier’s website (http://www.linear-amplifier.com).
18.14 NO CAT Settings
[SET]
[SET]
[SET]
Note: this choice disables any kind of CAT interface and is the right one to choose when the
used transceiver is not inside the supported models and, then, this link cannot be used.
Pag. 57 of 57
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
When either in STANDBY or OPERATE mode, at any time a short report about the
CAT settings related to the two inputs can be obtained by simply pressing the [CAT] key
and keeping it held down; an info display screen with a short summary, like the
following, will be shown in which it can be seen that:
• An ICOM CAT CI-V interface running at 9600 baud is set for Input 1
• A generic KENWOOD CAT interface running at 9600 baud is set for Input 2
The [CAT] key has another informative functionality. It is used to show the firmware
relase version too: by shortly releasing it and pressing it again a new display info page,
like the following, will be shown while it is held down:
By relasing the [CAT] key, the original display page will be shown again (in this example
the Main Display Page).
Pag. 58 of 58
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.15 MANUAL TUNE Display Page.
[SET]
[SET]
This display page is for making some small adjustments to the L-C values of the
automatic tuner; this “fine tune” operation could be necessary either if the user cannot
reach a good match using the automatic tuning or if he simply wants to apply some
manual variations to the current settings.
In the following picture is shown an example of some settings of the Manual Tune
Display Page together with the Status Bar readouts that allow total control of the
situation; it can easily seen that Input 1 is used in the 160 m band with antenna 2
connected and with the sub-band 6 (1.840 MHz..1.850 MHz) switched.
The two “sliders” L-C (Lout, Cout) position is:
• 8.2 uH for Lout
• 1436.9 pF for Cout
Using the following keys:
• [◄L] [L►] the resulting value of Lout may be changed (-/+)
• [◄C] [C►] the resulting value of Cout may be changed (-/+)
All the changes are shown using the “sliders” graphics shown on the display page:
Pag. 59 of 59
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
When in TX mode the frequency readout and the SWR readout displayed in the Status
Bar are simultaneously updated.
If the applied manual changes are satisfactory, this configuration can be saved (inside
the non-volatile memory related to sub-band 6) using the [TUNE] key. By pressing the
[SET] key the original tuner setting can be restored instead (i.e. the one before the
changes).
In any way there is a return to the Main Display Page.
Pag. 60 of 60
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.16 BACKLIGHT Display Page.
[SET]
[SET]
This display page allows the backlight setting of the LCD display mounted of the front
panel of the amplifier using the arrow keys ([◄▲] [▼►]).
The amount set is displayed by the slider setting.
To complete the operation and save the setting, press the [SET] key.
Pag. 61 of 61
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.17 CONTEST Settings.
[SET]
This menu item allows setting of the fan’s speed.
In detail:
• Contest Off the three speeds are set at the following thresholds:
o 40 °C (104 °F) On; 37 °C ( 98.6 °F) Off
o 70 °C (158 °F) On; 67 °C (152.6 °F) Off
o 83 °C (181,4 °F) On; 80 °C (176 °F) Off
•
Contest On the three speeds are set at the following thresholds:
o Permanently active.
o 60 °C (140 °F) On; 57 °C (134.6 °F) Off
o 75 °C (167 °F) On; 72 °C (161.6 °F) Off
To make these changes, press the [SET] key:
To leave this menu, the QUIT option has to be chosen and then confirmed using the
[SET] key.
Pag. 62 of 62
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.18 BEEP Settings.
[SET]
This menu item allows you to select if the beep is On or Off following any keystroke
coming from the linear amplifier front panel keyboard.
To make these changes, press the [SET] key:
To leave this menu, the QUIT option has to be chosen and then confirmed using the
[SET] key.
Pag. 63 of 63
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.19 START Settings.
[SET]
This menu item allows to choose, between the two possible Standby/Operate states:
• Standby turns the amplifier in the Main Display Page after its power-up. From
this display page the user can perform all the operations described till now.
• Operate turns the amplifier in the OPERATE Mode (that will be described later)
after its power-up. From this display page the user can, eventually, go to the
Main Display Page.
To make these changes, press the [SET] key:
To leave this menu, the QUIT option has to be chosen and then confirmed using the
[SET] key.
Note: this setting will be applied after the next power-up of the linear amplifier and will remain
till any eventual future changing.
Pag. 64 of 64
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.20 TEMP Settings.
[SET]
This menu item allows to choose, between the two possible °C/°F (Celsius degrees,
Fahrenheit degrees), the temperature readout inside the Status Bar.
This value is taken from the internal heatsink.
To make these changes, press the [SET] key:
To leave this menu, the QUIT option has to be chosen and then confirmed using the
[SET] key.
Pag. 65 of 65
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.21 OPERATE Mode.
In this working mode, the linear amplifier power circuitry is supplied and enabled.
It can be activated, from the Main Display Page, either by pressing the [OPERATE]
key located of the front panel or by previously setting, from the SETUP OPTIONS
menu, the START Operate option.
There are two possible OPERATE Mode display pages:
• displaying of PA OUT (output power) + I PA (power-supply source current)
• displaying of PW REV (reverse power) + V PA (power-supply source voltage)
• NB – The PW REV thus displayed is the reflected power before the low pass
filter, including harmonic power reflected by the filter. It is NOT the reflected
power as measured at the antenna output.
The [DISPLAY] key allows to switch back and forth these two display pages and to
make a proper context change.
When entering the OPERATE Mode, the default display page is the one left either the
last time before the return to the Main Display Page or before a “soft shutdown” using
the [OFF] key.
[OPERATE]
[DISPLAY]
[OPERATE]
In any way it is allowed to return to the Main Display Page pressing the [OPERATE] key
again.
Note: while in OPERATE Mode, the SWR readout inside the Status Bar is substituted with the
power amplifier gain value (PA GAIN) expressed in dB and according to the following
formula: PA GAIN(dB) = 10*log(PA_OUT/PW_ IN).
Pag. 66 of 66
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
As previously written, while in OPERATE Mode two distinct display pages can be
obtained and they allow to control, together with the Status Bar, the full working of the
liear amplifier. To switch back and forth the two display pages, press the [DISPLAY]
key.
Output power (pep) of
the amplifier
Power-supply source
current
[DISPLAY]
Reflected power (with all
harmonics contribution)
Power-supply source
voltage
The output power, reflected power, supply voltage and supply current are displayed,
other than in numerical form, in graphical form too by means of proper “level bars”
provided with a “peak hold” embedded function (about 1 s) which is useful for better
evaluating the measurements variations.
While in OPERATE Mode the following switchings are possible:
• Input selection – Pressing the [INPUT] key there is a switching between the
two inputs; the same result can be obtained driving the two RELAY inputs
placed on the rear panel of the amplifier itself (by pressing the respective PTT
keys of the two connected transceivers).
• Manual band selection – Pressing the [◄BAND] and [BAND►] keys the
working tuning band can be selected if there is not any CAT setting (CAT =
NONE).
• Antenna switching (one of two) for a given band – Pressing the [ANT] key
there is an antenna switching between the two presets stored for the selected
band and a subsequent variation of the tuner settings.
• Power mode setting – Pressing [POWER] key, the amplifier’s power
management is switched between HALF (half power mode) and FULL (full
power mode).
The complete readouts of the early mentioned settings are displayed inside the
Status Bar as shown in the above reproduced page detail.
Pag. 67 of 67
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.22 OPERATE Mode and FLEX-RADIO CAT interface.
When FlexRadio CAT interface is set, there must be programmed the maximum power
limits for the transceiver in order to avoid the EXPERT’s overdrive protection system
intervention (refer to the Diagnostics section); this is a very important operation since
FlexRadio transceivers don’t have any traditional ALC input.
These settings have to be done while in OPERATE Mode according to the followings.
For every ham band two settings are allowed (storage memories):
• One setting for HALF mode.
• One setting for FULL mode.
The following table shows an overall vision of these settings:
Band
HALF
FULL
160 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
80 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
40 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
30 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
20 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
17 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
15 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
12 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
10 m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
6m
Preset
Half
Preset
Full
The user has to set, for every band of interest, the power limit concerning the input
power limitation (Power Control) using the keyboard and the display of the linear
amplifier.
To make this, obtain a proper band selection using the CAT interface and, without
leaving the RX mode, press one of the arrow keys ([◄▲] [▼►]) from the EXPERT’s
keyboard; a report value having the format “[PC=xxx]” (where xxx is a numerical value
having a range from 000 to 100 which represents the transceiver’s upper power limit
expressed in percentage) will appear just over the BAND label of the Status Bar.
This value is relative to the tuned band and to the selected power mode (HALF/FULL).
In the following picture is shown (as an example) a Power Control equal to 31% in the
20 m band and in FULL power mode:
Pressing the arrow keys ([◄▲] [▼►]) this value can be decremented/incremented
until it reaches the requested value; at the operation completion a time-out period
(about 3 seconds) must be awaited to expire for the “[PC=xxx]” indication disappearing
and for, eventually, proceed to another adjusting using the same rules.
The Power Control settings are global since they applies to both inputs.
Pag. 68 of 68
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
In the following picture can be seen, as an example, the Power Control (15%) setting
relative to the same band (20 m), but using the HALF mode selection instead.
Once adjusted the proper preset, go to TX mode (RTTY, CW) to verify the output power
ATTENTION! It is strongly recommended to start with a low preset value (e.g. 10) and
progressively increasing it; this is to avoid the linear overdriving.
The output power levels to reach are about 900 W (FULL mode) e 500 W (HALF mode).
The following empty table could be useful as a template for the FlexRadio user’s Power
Control presettings.
Band
160 m
80 m
40 m
30 m
20 m
HALF
FULL
Pag. 69 of 69
17 m
15 m
12 m
10 m
6m
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
18.23 Diagnostics.
During normal working, the system performs a continuous monitoring of some
measurements directly acquired from certain internal test-points; among the most
important there are the ones related to the power-supply unit behaviour.
When a dangerous situation is going to happen, a “serious” alarm message is raised
and the working mode is switched from OPERATE to STANDBY.
The user can either immediately restore the Main Display Page by pressing the
[DISPLAY] key or wait for the visual alarm time-out expiration (about 10 seconds).
In the following picture is shown, as an example, the case of a power-supply unit trouble
(the power-supply voltage level is fallen below the programmed threshold) while in
OPERATE mode:
After having restored from an alarm message, the Alarm History report can be viewed
and browsed as described in the relative section.
The following table shows all the system’s alarm messages that are recorded in the
Alarm History stack:
MESSAGE
POWER MANAGEMENT: V PA < 20 V
POWER MANAGEMENT: V PA < 26 V
POWER MANAGEMENT: V PA > 50 V
POWER MANAGEMENT: I PA > 40 A
POWER MANAGEMENT: I PA > 50 A
P.A. MANAGEMENT: OVER DRIVING
P.A. MANAGEMENT: PA PROTECTION
P.A. MANAGEMENT: PW REV > 300 W
OVER TEMPERATURE: TEMP > 90 °C
MEANING
HALF mode: supply voltage level < 20 V
FULL mode: supply voltage level < 26 V
HALF/FULL mode: supply voltage level > 50 V
HALF mode: supply sourced current > 40 A
FULL mode: supply sourced current > 50 A
Amplifier over driving
Internal hardware protections intervention
Reflected power > 300 W
Heatsink temperature > 90 °C (194 °F)
Pag. 70 of 70
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
While the following table shows all the dynamic warning messages that are not
recorded in the Alarm History stack:
MESSAGE
160 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
80 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
40 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
30 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
20 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
17 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
15 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
12 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
10 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
6 m ANTENNA NOT AVAILABLE
BAND NOT PERMITTED
HIGH REFLECTED POWER
MEANING
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Antenna not available for
Out of band signalling
In OPERATE mode reflected
Pag. 71 of 71
160
160
160
160
160
160
160
160
160
160
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
band
band
band
band
band
band
band
band
band
band
power > 250 W
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
19. TABLE
BAND TABLE, SUB-BAND, CENTRAL FREQUENCY SUB-BAND
160 m
80 m
40 m
30 m
20 m
17 m
15 m
12 m
10 m
[ 0] 1785
[ 1] 1795
[ 2] 1805
[ 3] 1815
[ 4] 1825
[ 5] 1835
[ 6] 1845
[ 7] 1855
[ 8] 1865
[ 9] 1875
[ 10] 1885
[ 11] 1895
[ 12] 1905
[ 13] 1915
[ 14] 1925
[ 15] 1935
[ 16] 1945
[ 17] 1955
[ 18] 1965
[ 19] 1975
[ 20] 1985
[ 21] 1995
[ 22] 2005
[ 23] 2015
[ 24] 3470
[ 25] 3490
[ 26] 3510
[ 27] 3530
[ 28] 3550
[ 29] 3570
[ 30] 3590
[ 31] 3610
[ 32] 3630
[ 33] 3650
[ 34] 3670
[ 35] 3690
[ 36] 3710
[ 37] 3730
[ 38] 3750
[ 39] 3770
[ 40] 3790
[ 41] 3810
[ 42] 3830
[ 43] 3850
[ 44] 3870
[ 45] 3890
[ 46] 3910
[ 47] 3930
[ 48] 3950
[ 49] 3970
[ 50] 3990
[ 51] 4010
[ 52] 4030
[ 53] 6963
[ 54] 6988
[ 55] 7013
[ 56] 7038
[ 57] 7063
[ 58] 7088
[ 59] 7113
[ 60] 7138
[ 61] 7163
[ 62] 7188
[ 63] 7213
[ 64] 7238
[ 65] 7263
[ 66] 7288
[ 67] 7313
[ 68] 7338
[ 69] 10075
[ 70] 10125
[ 71] 10175
[ 72] 13975
[ 73] 14025
[ 74] 14075
[ 75] 14125
[ 76] 14175
[ 77] 14225
[ 78] 14275
[ 79] 14325
[ 80] 14375
[ 81] 18075
[ 82] 18125
[ 83] 18165
[ 84] 20975
[ 85] 21025
[ 86] 21075
[ 87] 21125
[ 88] 21175
[ 89] 21225
[ 90] 21275
[ 91] 21325
[ 92] 21375
[ 93] 21425
[ 94] 21475
[ 95] 24891
[ 96] 24963
[ 97] 25038
[ 98] 27950
[ 99] 28050
[100] 28150
[101] 28250
[102] 28350
[103] 28450
[104] 28550
[105] 28650
[106] 28750
[107] 28850
[108] 28950
[109] 29050
[110] 29150
[111] 29250
[112] 29350
[113] 29450
[114] 29550
[115] 29650
[117] 49750
[118] 50250
[119] 50750
[120] 51250
[121] 51750
[122] 52250
[123] 52750
[124] 53250
[125] 53750
[126] 54250
[116] 29750
6m
Note: [sub-band] Central frequency KHz
Pag. 72 of 72
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
20. WARRANTY
SPE warrants to the original purchaser that this product shall be free from defects or
workmanship.
SPE warrants for two (2) years from the date of original purchaser that will provide free
of charge all parts and labor necessary to correct defects in material or workmanship.
The purchaser has to pay only the cost of shipping for warranty work.
The warranty repair service must be obtained from your dealer where the amplifier was
purchased and that dealer is responsible for the warranty. In the event that the dealer
no longer is present in the market, or if the purchaser moves into another area, the SPE
will be responsible for warranty service. The costs of shipping to and from SPE will then
be paid by the customer. Any repair requests to other dealers will be subject to specific
direct negotiations between the customer and the dealer.
In order to do not lose the warranty service, the original purchaser must:
1) Complete and send to SPE, not over 30 days from the date of purchase, the
warranty registration card with a document certifying the date of purchase (eg
invoice, receipt, etc.).
2) Notify SPE or its nearest authorized service facility, immediately the defect is
discovered sending the properly completed REPAIR FORM.
The warranty does not apply to any defect that SPE determines is due to:
a) Improper maintenance or repair by persons not authorised by SPE to carry out
such work, including the installation of parts or accessories that do not conform
to the quality and specifications of the original parts.
b) Misuse, abuse, neglect or improper installation, user’s manual non-observance.
c) Carelessness, accidental or intentional damage.
SPE warranties aforesaid items only, and the purchaser shall have no remedy and no
claim for incidental or consequential damages.
Particular agreements between retailer and purchaser or particular obligations imposed
in other countries are matters for the local retailer and not for SPE.
SPE recommends you record this information:
- Model of the amplifier
- Serial number
- Date of purchse
- Name and address of the retailer
- Date of mailing of the Warranty Card.
Pag. 73 of 73
User’s manual
EXPERT 1K-FA
REPAIR FORM
MODEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SERIAL NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONNECTION STATE AT THE MOMENT OF THE BREAKDOWN
TRANSCEIVER MODEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAT CONNECTION
 YES  NO
IF YES INDICATE THE ITEM HEADING IN THE USER’S MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IF NO
BAND DATA INTERFACE
 YES
BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE INTERFACE
 YES
ANY LINK?
 YES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THE ALC WAS CONNECTED?
 YES  NO
WAS THE DRIVING POWER OF THE TRANSCEIVER SET AT THE MAXIMUM LEVEL?  YES  NO
IF ‘NO’, WHAT POWER OUTPUT WAS SET? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ON WHICH BAND DID THE FAULT HAPPEN? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DID YOU CHANGE BANDS / ANTENNA IMMEDIATELY BEFORE THE FAULT HAPPENED?  YES  NO
PLEASE WRITE THE TRANSMISSION MODE:
 SSB  CW  QSK  DIGITAL MODE/FM  AM
FOR HOW LONG BEFORE THE FAILURE DID YOU SWITCH ON THE AMPLIFIER? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THE AMPLIFIER WAS IN THE:
 HALF POWER
 FULL POWER
WHICH WAS THE INPUT USED?
 INPUT 1
 INPUT 2
WHICH WAS THE TEMPERATURE OF THE AMPLIFIER ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHAT FAULT INFORMATION WAS DISPLAYED ON THE LCD? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHICH WAS THE MAINS VOLTAGE AT THE MOMENT OF THE BREAKDOWN? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OTHER INFORMATION: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.................................................................
SPACE FOR THE REPAIRER
REPAIRER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DATE OF ARRIVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NOTES ABOUT THE AMPLIFIER WHEN YOU RECEIVED IT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PARTS REPLACED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
..........
DATE OF TESTS
SIGNATURE OF THE REPAIRER
....................
.........................
Pag. 74 of 74
User’s manual
SPE s.r.l.
Via di Monteverde, 33 00152 Rome (Italy)
Tel. +390658209429
Fax. +390658209647
E-mail: [email protected]
Website: http://www.linear-amplifier.com
Pag. 75 of 75
EXPERT 1K-FA
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement