Discover panel builders installation guide

Discover panel builders installation guide
Guide for the design and
production of LV compensation
cubicles
400/415 V - 50 Hz network
Conception guide
2009
Contents
Presentation
Design of an LV compensation cubicle
2
Key points and risks
3
Reactive power
Power definition
5
Electrical network pollution
Choice of compensation type
6
Working limits
8
Choice of detuned reactor tuning frequency
9
Control and monitoring system
Physical and electrical control
10
Safety delay
12
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules 50 Hz network
13
Capacitors 50 Hz network
21
Capacitors 60 Hz network
27
Detuned reactors
33
Varlogic N power factor controller
36
Contactors
38
Cubicle installation
Power factor correction modules
40
Varplus capacitors
43
Detuned reactors
45
2
Ventilation system
Classic and comfort range
46
Harmony range
47
Derating for an ambient temperature 50 °C
49
Choice of protective devices
Circuit breakers – Fuses
50
Choice of cables
Power and auxiliary circuits
52
Customer installation recommendations
Current transformers and C/K
53
Test to be done
The means
55
The tests
56
Check list
59
List of inspections
60
1
Presentation
Design of a LV compensation
cubicle
1- The Varpact compensation modules
(see pages 40 to 42)
The Varplus² capacitors (see pages 43 and 44)
Their positioning must ensure proper ventilation.
Their sizing must take into account ambient conditions
(harmonics, temperature, etc…)
DB121406
In addition to the rules and standards concerning
production of electrical switchboards the LV correction
switchboards require the consideration of specific
constraints.
b mounted, pre-cabled
and tested in the factory
b adaptation in all
cubicle types
b perfect association of
components
The contactors (see pages 38 and 39)
They must be suited to capacitor control.
Schneider Electric have designed and tested specific
contactors (Telemecanique) for this application.
Their control voltage must be monitored in order to
prevent rapid reclosing.
2- The detuned reactors (DR)
(see pages 33 to 35 and 45)
They must be chosen according to harmonic stresses
and installed in order to avoid, as far as possible,
capacitor temperature rise.
The DR temperature sensor must be connected so that
the step can be disconnected if the temperature is too
high.
To not respect one of these 7 rules can shorten the operating life of the capacitors (in a few months) as a result of an excessive temperature,
harmonic stresses or an over voltage due to the wrong setting of the controller.
It can lead to the rupture of the capacitors, contactors, wirings or detuned reactors.
In the worst case, this can lead to fire.
2
Presentation
Key points and risks
3- Ventilation (see pages 46 to 49)
It must be efficient in order to keep operating
temperature lower than maximum permissible
temperature of components.
4- The power factor controller
(see pages 36 and 37)
Its functions must be adapted to the capacitor bank
characteristics: number and power of steps, sequence,
etc. The time delay must be adapted to capacitor
discharge time.
Time delay must be set to a minimum
of 50 secondes (see page 12).
5- Low voltage network (see pages 6 to 9)
Network characteristics, and in particular network
harmonic pollution, must absolutely be taken into
account when choosing capacitors and detuned
reactors (if any).
6- Tests to be done after production of the bank
(see p. 55 to 60)
At the end of the manufacturing process,
a LV switchboard must undergo various routine
inspections and tests in the factory, following an
established programme.
The switchboard must comply with :
b the appropriate standards
b the design file (drawings, diagrams and specific
requirements)
b manufacturer mounting instructions
b in-house instructions.
7- Maintenance must be done every year
One month after energising, check:
b contactor terminal tightening torques.
Each year check:
b general cleanliness of the equipment
b filters and ventilation system
b terminal tightening torques
b proper working order of switching and protective
devices
b temperature in the premises:
-5 °C to +40 °C max
b capacitor capacitance, consult us if the capacitance
value has changed by more than 10 %.
3
4
Reactive power
Power definition
Network characteristics
Network voltage and frequency are the basic factors that determine the size of an LV
compensation cubicle. The reactive power Q varies according to the squared voltage
and the frequency.
where:
Q = reactive power
U = network voltage
Q = U2 x C x ω
It is calculated:
b either from the electricity bills, to avoid paying for the reactive energy
b or from tan ϕ and a target tan ϕ’.
DB121406
Calculation of the reactive power to be installed
C = capacitance
ω = 2 πf
f = network frequency
Compensation schematic diagram:
Qc = Pa (tg ϕ - tg ϕ').
kvar installation calculation table
Before
compensation
tg ϕ
cos ϕ
Capacitor power in kvar to be installed per kW of load to increase the power factor (cos ϕ) or tan ϕ to a given value
tg ϕ
0.75
0.59
0.48
0.46
0.43
0.40
0.36
0.33
0.29
0.25
0.20
0.14
0.08
cos ϕ
0.86
0.733
0.90
0.849
0.91
0.878
0.92
0.905
0.93
0.939
0.94
0.971
0.95
1.005
0.96
1.043
0.97
1.083
0.98
1.131
0.99
1.192
1
1.334
1.33
0.60
0.80
0.584
1.30
0.61
0.549
0.699
0.815
0.843
0.870
0.904
0.936
0.970
1.008
1.048
1.096
1.157
1.299
1.27
0.62
0.515
0.665
0.781
0.809
0.836
0.870
0.902
0.936
0.974
1.014
1.062
1.123
1.265
1.23
0.63
0.483
0.633
0.749
0.777
0.804
0.838
0.870
0.904
0.942
0.982
1.030
1.091
1.233
1.20
0.64
0.450
0.601
0.716
0.744
0.771
0.805
0.837
0.871
0.909
0.949
0.997
1.058
1.200
1.17
0.65
0.419
0.569
0.685
0.713
0.740
0.774
0.806
0.840
0.878
0.918
0.966
1.007
1.169
1.14
0.66
0.388
0.538
0.654
0.682
0.709
0.743
0.775
0.809
0.847
0.887
0.935
0.996
1.138
1.11
0.67
0.358
0.508
0.624
0.652
0.679
0.713
0.745
0.779
0.817
0.857
0.905
0.966
1.108
1.08
0.68
0.329
0.478
0.595
0.623
0.650
0.684
0.716
0.750
0.788
0.828
0.876
0.937
1.079
1.05
0.69
0.299
0.449
0.565
0.593
0.620
0.654
0.686
0.720
0.758
0.798
0.840
0.907
1.049
1.02
0.70
0.270
0.420
0.536
0.564
0.591
0.625
0.657
0.691
0.729
0.769
0.811
0.878
1.020
0.99
0.71
0.242
0.392
0.508
0.536
0.563
0.597
0.629
0.663
0.701
0.741
0.783
0.850
0.992
0.96
0.72
0.213
0.364
0.479
0.507
0.534
0.568
0.600
0.634
0.672
0.712
0.754
0.821
0.963
0.94
0.73
0.186
0.336
0.452
0.480
0.507
0.541
0.573
0.607
0.645
0.685
0.727
0.794
0.936
0.91
0.74
0.159
0.309
0.425
0.453
0.480
0.514
0.546
0.580
0.618
0.658
0.700
0.767
0.909
0.88
0.75
0.132
0.282
0.398
0.426
0.453
0.487
0.519
0.553
0.591
0.631
0.673
0.740
0.882
0.86
0.76
0.105
0.255
0.371
0.399
0.426
0.460
0.492
0.526
0.564
0.604
0.652
0.713
0.855
0.83
0.77
0.079
0.229
0.345
0.373
0.400
0.434
0.466
0.500
0.538
0.578
0.620
0.687
0.829
0.80
0.78
0.053
0.202
0.319
0.347
0.374
0.408
0.440
0.474
0.512
0.552
0.594
0.661
0.803
0.78
0.79
0.026
0.176
0.292
0.320
0.347
0.381
0.413
0.447
0.485
0.525
0.567
0.634
0.776
0.75
0.80
0.150
0.266
0.294
0.321
0.355
0.387
0.421
0.459
0.499
0.541
0.608
0.750
0.72
0.81
0.124
0.240
0.268
0.295
0.329
0.361
0.395
0.433
0.473
0.515
0.582
0.724
0.70
0.82
0.098
0.214
0.242
0.269
0.303
0.335
0.369
0.407
0.447
0.489
0.556
0.698
0.67
0.83
0.072
0.188
0.216
0.243
0.277
0.309
0.343
0.381
0.421
0.463
0.530
0.672
0.65
0.84
0.046
0.162
0.190
0.217
0.251
0.283
0.317
0.355
0.395
0.437
0.504
0.645
0.62
0.85
0.020
0.136
0.164
0.191
0.225
0.257
0.291
0.329
0.369
0.417
0.478
0.620
0.59
0.86
0.109
0.140
0.167
0.198
0.230
0.264
0.301
0.343
0.390
0.450
0.593
0.57
0.87
0.083
0.114
0.141
0.172
0.204
0.238
0.275
0.317
0.364
0.424
0.567
0.54
0.88
0.054
0.085
0.112
0.143
0.175
0.209
0.246
0.288
0.335
0.395
0.538
0.51
0.89
0.028
0.059
0.086
0.117
0.149
0.183
0.230
0.262
0.309
0.369
0.512
0.48
0.90
0.031
0.058
0.089
0.121
0.155
0.192
0.234
0.281
0.341
0.484
5
Electrical network pollution
Choice of compensation type
Devices using power electronics (variable speed drives, rectifiers, UPS, arc furnaces,
fluorescent lamps, etc.) circulate harmonic currents in electrical networks.
Such harmonics can interfere with the operation of many devices. Capacitors are
highly sensitive to harmonics.
A high level of harmonic pollution causes capacitors to overheat and age prematurely
(breakdown).
Different types of compensation must be chosen according to the power of the
harmonic generators.
DB121413
Compensation equipment can be of three types (Classic, Comfort, Harmony),
depending on the level of network harmonic pollution.
It can be selected as follows:
b with a theoretical way according to the Gh/Sn ratio if the data exist.
Becareful: the Gh/Sn ratio rule is right only if THD(I) of the sum of
harmonics-generating receivers < 30 % and if background THD(U) < 2 %.
If these values are higher, you have to realise a harmonics study of the
network, or to do measurements.
Sn: apparent power of the transformer.
Gh: apparent power of harmonics-generating receivers (variable
speed motors, static converters, power electronics, etc.).
Qc: power of the compensation equipment.
U: network voltage.
Example 1
U = 400 V; P = 300 kW; Sn = 800 kVA; Gh = 150 kVA
Gh: Sn = 18.75 % V
Comfort equipment
Example 2
U = 400 V; P = 100 kW; Sn = 800 kVA; Gh = 300 kVA
Gh: Sn = 37.5 % V Harmony equipment
DB121410
b with measurements: according to the percentage of total harmonic current distortion
THD(I) measured at the transformer secondary, at maximum load and without
capacitors:
THD (I)
Classic
Comfort
Harmony
Filters
y5%
5% < ... y 10%
10% < ... y 20%
> 20 %
b with measurements: according to the percentage of total harmonic voltage
distortion THD(U) measured at the transformer secondary,
at maximum load and without capacitors:
THD (U)
DB121409
(1) Beyond 50 %, a harmonic filtering study is required.
Measure
THD (I)
THD (U)
Classic
Comfort
Harmony
If you measure the both THD(I) and THD(U) and the results give two different type of
power factor correction according to the above rules,
you have to choose the most restricting solution.
Example, a measurement is giving the following results:
b THD(I) = 15 % V Harmony solution
b THD(U) = 3.5 % V Comfort solution.
You have to choose the Harmony solution.
THD(I) or THD(U) measurement.
6
Filters
y3%
3% < ... y 4%
4% < ... y 7%
>7%
Electrical network pollution
Choice of compensation
Customer needs
Below table describes typical solutions used in several types of activities.
Very frenquently
Usually
Occasionally
In any case, it is recommended to make measurements at site in order to validate the
final solution.
Pollution rate
Classic
Comfort
Harmony
Gh/Sn y 15 %
15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %
25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %
Industry
Food and beverage
Textile
Wood
Paper
Printing
Chemical - pharmac
Plastic
Glass - Ceramic
Steel making
Metallurgy
Automotive
Cement
Mines
Reffinery
Micro-electronic
Tertiary
Banks - insurances
Supermarkets
Hospitals
Stadium
Amusement parks
Hotels - Offices
Energy & Infrastructures
Sub-station
Water distribution
Internet farm
Wind mills
Railways
Airports
Subway
Harbours
Tunnels
7
Electrical network pollution
Working limits
The following rules are only indicative.
In any case, if you have a doubt or if values are higher than the following limits, contact
us.
All the components and applications you will find in this guide are right if you respect
the following limits in order to avoid any overload of detuned reactors and capacitors.
THD(U) have to be measured at the transformer secondary,
with the capacitors on.
Imp (maximum permissible current) have to be measured inside the capacitors :
THD(U)
max. %
Voltage measurement of the oder
U3
U5
U7
U11
U13
Imp/I1
max.
5%
-
-
-
-
-
1.3
Comfort power factor
correction
7%
-
-
-
-
-
1.5
Harmony power factor
correction
(tuning order 2.7)
10 %
3%
8%
7%
3.5 %
3%
1.12
Harmony power factor
correction
(tuning order 3.8)
8%
0.5 %
6%
5%
3.5 %
3%
1.19
Harmony power factor
correction
(tuning order 4.3)
6%
0.5 %
5%
4%
3.5 %
3%
1.31
Working limits
Classic power factor
correction
Imp = maximum permissible current.
8
Electrical network pollution
Choice of detuned reactor
tuning frequency
General
DB121412
The detuned reactors (DR) are designed to protect the capacitors by preventing
amplification of the harmonics present on the network.
They must be connected in series with the capacitors.
The detuned reactors generate an overvoltage at the capacitor terminals.
Capacitors of at least 480 V must be used for a 400 V network.
DB121411
Technical data
Choice of tuning
The tuning frequency fr corresponds to the resonance frequency of the L-C assembly.
fr =
1
———
2 π √LC
We also speak of tuning order n.
For a 50 Hz network:
DB121408
n=
fr
———
50 Hz
b the tuning frequency chosen must ensure that the harmonic current spectrum range
is outside the resonance frequency
b it is essential to ensure that no remote control frequencies are disturbed.
The most common tuning orders are 3.8 or 4.3 (2.7 is used for 3rd order harmonics).
Curve: impedance module at point A
DR, 400 V, 50 Hz tuning frequency selection table
Remote control frequency (Ft)
Harmonic generators (Gh)
Without
Three-phase
165 < Ft y 250 Hz
250 < Ft y 350 Hz
> 350 Hz
Tuning frequency
Variable speed drives, rectifiers, UPS, starters
Single-phase (Gh > 10 % Sn)
135 Hz
135 Hz (1)
190 Hz
215 Hz
190 Hz
-
-
-
215 Hz
-
-
-
135 Hz
135 Hz
135 Hz
Tuning frequency
Discharge lamps, electronic ballast lamps, fluorescent lamps, UPS,
variable speed drives, welding machines
135 Hz
Single-phase Gh: power of single-phase harmonic generators in kVA.
(1) A tuning frequency of 215 Hz can be used in France with a remote control frequency of 175 Hz.
Concordance between tuning frequency, tuning order and relative impedance
(50 Hz network)
Tuning order
(n = fr/f)
Relative impedance
(P = 1/n2) in %
135 Hz
2.7
13.7 %
190 Hz
3.8
6.92 %
215 Hz
4.3
5.4 %
Tuning frequency (fr)
9
Control and monitoring system
Physical and electrical control
The Varlogic power factor controllers continually measure the reactive power of the
system and switch the capacitor steps ON and OFF to obtain the required power
factor. Their ten step combinations enable them to control capacitors of different
powers.
Step combinations
1.1.1.1.1.1
1.2.3.3.3.3
1.1.2.2.2.2
1.2.3.4.4.4
1.1.2.3.3.3
1.2.3.6.6.6
1.1.2.4.4.4
1.2.4.4.4.4
1.2.2.2.2.2
1.2.4.8.8.8
These combinations ensure accurate control, by reducing:
b the number of power factor correction modules
b labour.
Optimising the control in this way generates considerable financial benefits.
Explanations
Q1 = Power of the first step
Q2 = Power of the second step
Q3 = Power of the third step
Q4 = Power of the fourth step
etc.
Qn = Power of the nth step (maximum 12)
Examples
1.1.1.1.1.1:
1.1.2.2.2.2:
1.2.3.4.4.4:
1.2.4.8.8.8:
Q2 = Q1, Q3 = Q1, …, Qn = Q1
Q2 = Q1, Q3 = 2Q1, Q4 = 2Q1, …, Qn = 2Q1
Q2 =2Q1, Q3 = 3Q1, Q4= 4Q1, …, Qn = 4Q1
Q2 = 2Q1, Q3 = 4Q1, Q4= 8 Q1, …, Qn = 8 Q1
Calculating the number of electrical steps
The number of electrical steps (e.g. 13)
Depends on:
b the number of controller outputs used (e.g. 7)
b the chosen combination, according to the power of the various steps (e.g. 1.2.2.2).
Number of electrical steps
Combinations
10
Number of controller outputs used
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
1.1.1.1.1.1…
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
12
1.1.2.2.2.2…
1
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
1.2.2.2.2.2…
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
1.1.2.3.3.3…
1
2
4
7
10
13
16
19
22
25
28
31
1.2.3.3.3.3…
1
3
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
1.1.2.4.4.4…
1
2
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
40
1.2.3.4.4.4…
1
3
6
10
14
18
22
26
30
34
38
42
1.2.4.4.4.4…
1
3
7
11
15
19
23
27
31
35
39
43
1.2.3.6.6.6…
1
3
6
12
18
24
30
36
42
48
54
60
1.2.4.8.8.8…
1
3
7
15
23
31
39
47
55
63
71
79
Control and monitoring system
Physical and electrical control
Example
150 kvar 400 V 50 Hz
Solution 1: physical control 10 x 15 kvar
15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 ; sequence : 1.1.1.1.1.1
b 10 physical steps
b 10 contactors
b 12-step controller.
Labour, high cost: non-optimised solution.
Solution 2: electrical control 10 x 15 kvar
15 + 30 + 45 + 60 = 10 x 15 kvar electrical; sequence: 1.2.3.4
b 4 physical steps allowing for 10 different powers
b 4 contactors
b 6-step controller.
Optimisation of the compensation cubicle.
Possible powers (kvar)
Physical steps
15
30
45
b
-
-
-
-
b
-
-
45
b
-
b
b
-
(v)
60
b
(v)
15
30
60
75
(v)
b
b
(v)
90
b
b (v)
b
(v)
105
b
-
b
(v)
b (v)
b
b
b
b
b
b
135
150
b
(v) Other possible combinations.
Other solutions
10 x 15 kvar electrical
Sequence: 1.1.2.2.2: 15 + 15 + 30 + 30 + 30 + 30 kvar.
Sequence: 1.1.2.3.3: 15 + 15 + 30 + 45 + 45 kvar.
11
Control and monitoring system
Safety delay
The Varplus2 capacitors have an internal discharge resistor that reduces the voltage to
50 V in 1 minute after disconnection from the network.
It is essential that the discharge time be observed to prevent the capacitors and
contactors from ageing prematurely.
Automatic capacitor bank
The safety delay of the Varlogic controller must be set to a minimum of 50 seconds.
When the supply to the contactors is separate or different from the supply to the
controller, the control circuit must be wired to ensure that the discharge time (60 s) of
the capacitor is observed (for example the contactors and the controller must be
disconnected at the same time).
Fixed capacitor bank
In the case of manually controlled capacitors, there must be a system to ensure that
no capacitor can be connected more than once in less than 1 minute.
12
Choice of products
Power factor correction
modules 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Classic power factor correction modules
Varpact power factor correction module form a prewired
automatic compensation subassembly designed for
fixing in stand-alone cubicles or inside Main Low
Voltage Switchboard.
Varpact Classic
For no polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varpact «with cable connection»
PB101972_SE-45
400 V
(kvar)
PB101975_SE-45
Varpact Classic «with cable connection».
Step
Reference
Weight
(kg)
12.5
Single
51775
9
25
Single
51776
10
30
Single
51777
10
40
Single
51778
10
45
Single
51779
12
50
Single
51780
12
60
Single
51781
13
80
Single
51719
14
90
Single
51782
14.5
100
Single
51783
14.5
120
Single
51784
16
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51785
10.5
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51786
10.5
10 + 20
Double
51787
10.5
15 + 15
Double
51788
10.5
20 + 20
Double
51789
10.7
15 + 30
Double
51790
10.7
30 + 30
Double
51791
13.7
20 + 40
Double
51792
13.7
25 + 50
Double
51793
14.5
30 + 60
Double
51794
14.5
40 + 40
Double
51795
14.5
45 + 45
Double
51729
15.5
50 + 50
Double
51796
16
40 + 80
Double
51797
16
60 + 60
Double
51798
16
Step
Reference
Weight
(kg)
12.5
Single
51950
12
25
Single
51951
13
30
Single
51952
13
40
Single
51953
13
45
Single
51954
15
50
Single
51977
15
60
Single
51978
16
80
Single
51967
17
90
Single
51979
17.5
100
Single
51980
17.5
120
Single
51981
19
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51982
13.5
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51983
13.5
10 + 20
Double
51984
13.5
15 + 15
Double
51985
13.5
20 + 20
Double
51986
13.7
15 + 30
Double
51987
13.7
30 + 30
Double
51988
16.7
20 + 40
Double
51989
16.7
25 + 50
Double
51990
17.5
30 + 60
Double
51991
17.5
40 + 40
Double
51992
17.5
45 + 45
Double
51970
18.5
50 + 50
Double
51993
19
40 + 80
Double
51994
19
60 + 60
Double
51995
19
Varpact Classic B «with busbar connection».
DB110647
Varpact B «with busbar connection»
400 V
(kvar)
DB110648
Varpact Classic and Classic B dimensions.
(1) Fixing point.
13
Choice of products
Power factor correction
modules 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Classic power factor correction modules
Technical data
b
b
b
v
v
b
b
b
v
v
v
v
b
b
v
v
b
b
b
capacitor rated voltage: 415 V, three phase 50 Hz
capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
insulation level:
0.69 kV
withstand 50 Hz, 1 min: 3 kV
maximum permissible overcurrent: 30 % max. (400 V)
maximum permissible overvoltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours as in IEC 60831)
ambient temperature around the capacitor bank (electrical room):
maximum temperature: 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours: 35 °C
average annual temperature: 25 °C
minimum temperature: -5 °C
busbar withstand Isc: 35 kA
losses:
with cable connection: y 1.9 W/kvar (maximum current)
with busbar connection: y 2.3 W/kvar (maximum current)
degree of protection: accidentals front face direct contact protection device
colour: RAL 7016
standards: IEC 60439-1, EN 60439-1, IEC 61921.
Accessories
Ref.
Connection module
With fixing kit (600, 650, 700, 800 wide cubicle)
52800
Fastening crosspieces
Set of 2 crosspieces
51670
Extension pieces
For Prisma Plus cubicle W = 650 mm
51635
For universal cubicle W = 700 mm
51637
For universal cubicle W = 800 mm
Circuit breaker protection
51639
Maximum reactive power
Additionnal circuit breaker 60/63 A protection kit Until 30 kvar
51626
Additionnal circuit breaker 100 A protection kit
From 31 to 50 kvar
51627
Additionnal circuit breaker 160 A protection kit
From 51 to 80 kvar
51628
Additionnal circuit breaker 250 A protection kit
From 81 to 120 kvar
51629
Installation
b horizontal fixing in functional and universal cubicles, 400 and 500 mm deep
v in cubicle W = 600 mm using fastening crosspieces
v in cubicle W = 650, 700 and 800 mm using fastening crosspieces and extension
pieces
b vertical fastening every 300 mm (maximum 5 modules) directly to cubicle uprights
using sliding crosspieces or to intermediate upright support
b control circuit power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz.
14
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Comfort power factor correction modules
Varpact power factor correction module form a prewired
automatic compensation subassembly designed for
fixing in stand-alone cubicles or inside Main Low
Voltage Switchboard.
Varpact Comfort
For polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varpact «with cable connection»
PB101972_SE-45
400 V
(kvar)
PB101975_SE-45
Varpact Comfort «with cable connection».
Step
Reference
Weight
(kg)
15
Single
51801
9
20
Single
51803
10
25
Single
51905
10
30
Single
51807
10
35
Single
51809
12
45
Single
81811
12
60
Single
51813
13
70
Single
51816
14.5
90
Single
51817
15
15 + 15
Double
51818
10
15 + 30
Double
51819
12.7
15 + 45
Double
51820
13.7
30 + 30
Double
51821
14.5
30 + 60
Double
51822
16.5
45 + 45
Double
51823
16.5
Step
Reference
Weight
(kg)
15
Single
51740
12
20
Single
51741
13
25
Single
51742
13
30
Single
51743
13
35
Single
51744
15
45
Single
51745
15
60
Single
51746
16
70
Single
51747
17.5
90
Single
51748
18
15 + 15
Double
51749
13
15 + 30
Double
51750
15.7
15 + 45
Double
51751
16.7
30 + 30
Double
51752
17.5
30 + 60
Double
51753
19.5
45 + 45
Double
51754
19.5
Varpact B «with busbar connection»
400 V
(kvar)
DB110647
Varpact Comfort B «with busbar connection».
DB110648
Varpact Comfort and Comfort B dimensions.
(1) Fixing point.
15
Choice of products
Power factor correction
modules 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Comfort power factor correction modules
Technical data
b
b
b
v
v
b
b
b
v
v
v
v
b
b
v
v
b
b
b
capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, three-phase 50 Hz
capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
insulation level:
0.69 kV
withstand 50 Hz, 1 min: 3 kV
maximum permissible overcurrent: 50 % max. (400 V)
maximum permissible overvoltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours as in IEC 60831)
ambient temperature around the capacitor bank (electrical room):
maximum temperature: 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours: 35 °C
average annual temperature: 25 °C
minimum temperature: -5 °C
busbar withstand Isc: 35 kA
losses:
with cable connection: y 2 W/kvar (maximum current)
with busbar connection: y 2.4 W/kvar (maximum current)
degree of protection: accidentals front face direct contact protection device
colour: RAL 7016
standards: IEC 60439-1, EN 60439-1, IEC 61921.
Accessories
Ref.
Connection module
With fixing kit (600, 650, 700, 800 wide cubicle)
52800
Fastening crosspieces
Set of 2 crosspieces
51670
Extension pieces
For Prisma Plus cubicle W = 650 mm
51635
For universal cubicle W = 700 mm
51637
For universal cubicle W = 800 mm
Circuit breaker protection
51639
Maximum reactive power
Additionnal circuit breaker 60/63 A protection kit Until 30 kvar
51626
Additionnal circuit breaker 100 A protection kit
From 31 to 50 kvar
51627
Additionnal circuit breaker 160 A protection kit
From 51 to 80 kvar
51628
Additionnal circuit breaker 250 A protection kit
From 81 to 120 kvar
51629
Installation
b horizontal fixing in functional and universal cubicles, 400 and 500 mm deep
v in cubicle W = 600 mm using fastening crosspieces
v in cubicle W = 650, 700 and 800 mm using fastening crosspieces and extension
pieces
b vertical fastening every 300 mm (maximum 5 modules) directly to cubicle uprights
using sliding crosspieces or to intermediate upright support
b control circuit power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz.
16
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Harmony power factor correction modules
Varpact power factor correction module form a prewired
automatic compensation subassembly designed for
fixing in stand-alone cubicles or inside Main Low
Voltage Switchboard.
Varpact Harmony
For highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Varpact «with cable connection»
PB101983_SE-45
Tuning order
2.7 (135 Hz)
3.8 (190 Hz)
Varpact Harmony «with cable connection».
PB101982_SE-45
4.3 (215 Hz)
400 V
(kvar)
Step
Ref.
Weight
(kg)
6.25 + 6.25
Double
51916
23
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51917
31.5
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51918
38.5
12.5
Single
51919
23.5
25
Single
51920
35.5
50
Single
51921
46.5
6.25 + 6.25
Double
51925
21.5
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51926
30
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51927
37
12.5
Single
51928
22
25
Single
51929
34
50
Single
51930
45
6.25 + 6.25
Double
51934
21.5
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51935
30
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51936
37
12.5
Single
51937
22
25
Single
51938
34
50
Single
51939
45
Step
Ref.
Weight
(kg)
6.25 + 6.25
Double
51757
26
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51759
134.5
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51761
41.5
12.5
Single
51763
26.5
25
Single
51765
38.5
50
Single
51767
49.5
6.25 + 6.25
Double
51763
24.5
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51764
33
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51655
40
12.5
Single
51656
25
25
Single
51657
37
50
Single
51658
48
6.25 + 6.25
Double
51501
24.5
6.25 + 12.5
Double
51503
33
12.5 + 12.5
Double
51505
40
12.5
Single
51509
25
25
Single
51511
37
50
Single
51512
48
Varpact B «with busbar connection»
Tuning order
2.7 (135 Hz)
Varpact Harmony B «with busbar connection».
DB110645
3.8 (190 Hz)
DB110646
4.3 (215 Hz)
400 V
(kvar)
Varpact Harmony dimensions.
17
Choice of products
Power factor correction
modules 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Harmony power factor correction modules
Technical data
b
b
b
b
v
v
b
capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, three-phase 50 Hz
tuning order: 2.7 (135 Hz) - 3.8 (190 Hz) - 4.3 (215 Hz)
capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
insulation level:
0.69 kV
withstand 50 Hz, 1 min: 3 kV
maximum permissible overloads:
Tuning order
2.7 (135 Hz)
3.8 (190 Hz)
4.3 (215 Hz)
Overcurrent (max)
12 % under 400 V
19 % under 400 V
30 % under 400 V
Overvoltage
10 % (8 hours over 24 hours as in IEC 60831)
b
v
v
v
v
b
b
b
b
b
ambient temperature around the capacitor bank (electrical room):
maximum temperature: 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours: 35 °C
average annual temperature: 25 °C
minimum temperature: -5 °C
busbar withstand Isc: 35 kA
losses: y 8 W/kvar
degree of protection: accidentals front face direct contact protection device
colour: RAL 7016
standard: IEC 60439-1, EN 60439-1, IEC 61921.
Accessories
Ref.
Connection module
With fixing kit (600, 650, 700, 800 wide cubicle)
52800
Installation
b horizontal fixing in functional and universal cubicles, 400 and 500 mm deep, fixing in
cubicle W = 650, 700 and 800 mm using fastening crosspieces supplied
b vertical fixing every 300 mm (maximum 5 modules) directly to cubicle uprights using
sliding crosspieces or to intermediate upright support
b control circuit power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz.
18
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Accessories for Varpact power factor correction modules
DB114192
Connection module
Connection module
(Ref. 52800)
It is used to connect:
b the power and control cables for the power factor correction module contactors
(maximum five power factor correction modules)
b the cubicle supply cables.
b It is supplied with:
b 4 crosspieces
b 2 extension pieces
O 3 power connection bars (800 A max.), marked L1, L2, L3
P Voltage transformer supplying the contactor coils 400/230 V, 250 VA
Q Control circuit safety fuses
R Contactor control distribution terminal block
S Sliding crosspieces for mounting in cubicles 400 and 500 mm deep
T Extension pieces for mounting in cubicles 650, 700 or 800 mm wide
U Power factor correction module connection: 5 holes Ø10 per phase
V Customer’s incoming cable connection: 2 x M12 bolts per phase.
To make it easier to connect the supply cables, we recommended
that the connection module be installed at least 20 cm from the ground.
PB100067-68A
a : cubicle W = 600 without extension plate
b : cubicle W = 650 with extension plate W650
c : cubicle W = 700 with extension plate W700
d : cubicle W = 800 two extension plates W700
Fastening crosspieces for Varpact Classic and Comfort
(Ref. 51670)
Specially designed horizontal crosspieces allow easy installation of the power factor
correction modules in all types of functional and universal cubicles 400 ou 500 mm
deep.
The crosspieces automatically ensure that the module is positioned correctly at the
right depth and maintain a distance of 55 mm between the modules. The crosspieces
are sold in pairs and must be ordered separately.
2 fastening crosspieces (ref. 51670)
Extension pieces for cubicles W = 700 and W = 800 with Varpact
Classic and Comfort
PB100068-68A
(Ref. 51637 et 51639)
They are used to extend the power factor correction modules for use in cubicles 700
and 800 mm wide.
The extension pieces are supplied with the 4 screws required to attach
them to the module.
Extension pieces for Prisma Plus cubicle W = 650 with Varpact
Classic and Comfort
(Ref. 51635)
It allows the module to be attached directly to the Prisma Plus cubicle uprights.
The extension piece is supplied with the 4 screws required to attach it to the module.
Extension pieces for cubicles
W = 650 (ref. 51635)
W = 700 (ref. 51637)
W = 800 (ref. 51639)
19
Choice of products
Power factor correction
modules 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Accessories for Varpact power factor correction module
PB100972_SE-45
Circuit breaker kit for Varpact Classic and Comfort
(Ref. 51626, 51627, 51628 et 51629)
It allows to ensure individual and visible circuit breaking of each
capacitor steps.
Retrofit kit
(Ref. 51617, 51619 et 51633)
Set of pieces using for installation and connection of Varpact in functionnal and
universal existing cubicles. It is necessary to choose a Varpact module and to order
separately associated retrofit kit.
Retrofit kit
PB100971-68A
Circuit breaker kit
Retrofit kit
20
Ref.
For P400 power factor correction module
51617
For P400 DR power factor correction module
51619
For Rectimat 2 capacitor bank in cubicle standard and H type
61633
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
230 V network voltage
Varplus2
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
230 V (kvar)
Ref.
2.5
51301
5
51303
6.5
51305
7.5
51307
10
51309
Assembly advised
15
2 x 51307
20
2 x 51309
30
3 x 51309
40
4 x 51309
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 40 kvar.
Assembly > 40 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varplus IP00.
2
Same capacitors can be used.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Same capacitors can be used with detuned reactor.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
DB121424
Accessories for Varplus2
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298)
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
21
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
400 V (kvar)
415 V (kvar)
Ref.
5
5.5
51311
6.25
6.5
51313
7.5
7.75
51315
10
10.75
51317
12.5
13.5
51319
15
15.5
51321
20
21.5
51323
Assembly advised
Varplus2 IP00.
25
27
2 x 51319
30
31
2 x 51321
40
43
2 x 51323
50
53.5
2 x 51321 + 51323
55
58.5
2 x 51323 + 51321
60
64.5
3 x 51323
65
3 x 51323 + 51311
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 65 kvar.
Assembly > 65 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB121424
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 415 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover (option)
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
22
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V are necessary.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
400 V (kvar)
415 V (kvar)
5
5.5
Rated values
440 V (kvar)
6.1
480 V (kvar)
7.2
Ref.
51325
6.25
6.5
7.6
9
51327
7.5
8
8.8
10.4
51329
10
11
13
15.5
51331
12.5
13.5
14.3
17
51333
15
16.5
19.1
22.7
51335
Assembly advised
Varplus IP00.
2
20
23
2 x 51331
25
25
2 x 51333
30
34
2 x 51335
45
51
3 x 51335
60
68
4 x 51335
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 62/68 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 62 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
DB121424
Accessories for Varplus2
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
23
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V will be used with detuned reactor.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Tuning order
2.7 (135 Hz - 13.7 %)
400 V
(kvar)
6.5
12.5
415 V
(kvar)
7
13.5
25
50
27
54
Rated values
440 V
480 V
(kvar)
(kvar)
6.7
8
13
15.5
Ref.
51337
51331
PB100036_SE-35
Assembly advised
2 x 51331
2 x 51335 + 51333
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 50/54 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 50 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Usefull powers
Tuning order
Varplus2 IP00.
3.8 (190 Hz - 6.92 %)
or
4.3 (215 Hz - 5.4 %)
400 V
(kvar)
6.5
7.75
10
12.5
16.5
415 V
(kvar)
7
8.25
11
13.5
17.75
25
30
50
27
31.25
53.25
Rated values
440 V
480 V
(kvar)
(kvar)
7.6
9
8.8
10.4
11.8
14
14.3
17
19.1
22.7
Ref.
51327
51329
51345
51333
51335
DB109695
Assembly advised
2 x 51333
51333 + 51335
3 x 51335
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 65 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 65 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB121424
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
24
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
525 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Rated values
480 V (kvar)
12.5
Usefull powers
525 V (kvar)
15
Rated values
525 V (kvar)
10.5
550 V (kvar)
11.5
51315
12.3
13.5
51317
16.4
18
51319
21
23
2 x 51351
26.4
27
2 x 51353
32.8
36
2 x 51357
49.2
54
3 x 51357
Ref.
51311
Assembly advised
59.7
Varplus IP00.
2
65.6
3 x 51357 + 51351
59
2 x 51351 + 51357
72
4 x 51357
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 66/72 kvar 525/550 V.
Assembly > 66 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
DB109695
Polluted and highly polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Capacitors rated 690 V will be used with detuned reactor 190/215 Hz, 135 Hz tuning
order on request.
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB121424
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 550 V, 3-phase 50 Hz for slightly polluted network
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screw.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
25
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
690 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
690 V (kvar)
Ref.
11
51359
14.6
51361
16.6
51363
PB100036_SE-35
Assembly advised
22
2 x 51359
33.2
2 x 51363
43.8
3 x 51361
58.4
4 x 51361
60.8
3 x 51363 + 51359
66.4
4 x 51363
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 67 kvar.
Assembly > 67 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Polluted and highly polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Varplus IP00.
2
On request.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 690 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
DB121424
Accessories for Varplus2
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
26
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
230/240 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
240 V (kvar)
Ref.
3
230 V (kvar)
3
51301
6
6.5
51303
8
8.5
51305
9
10
51307
12
13
51309
18
20
2 x 51307
24
26
2 x 51309
36
39
3 x 51309
Assembly advised
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 40 kvar.
Assembly > 40 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Same capacitors can be used
Varplus2 IP00.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Same capacitors can be used with detuned reactor.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
DB121424
Accessories for Varplus2
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
27
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
415 V (kvar)
Ref.
6
400 V (kvar)
6.25
51311
7.5
8
51313
9
9
51315
12
13
51317
15
16
51319
18
19
51321
24
26
2 x 51317
30
32
2 x 51319
36
38
2 x 51321
45
48
3 x 51319
54
57
3 x 51321
60
64
4 x 51319
Assembly advised
Varplus2 IP00.
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 65 kvar.
Assembly > 65 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
b capacitor rated voltage: 415 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Varplus2 accessories.
DB121424
Accessories for Varplus2
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
28
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz) and
harmonic pollution level of the network.
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V are necessary.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
400 V (kvar)
415 V (kvar)
6
6.25
Rated values
440 V (kvar)
7.3
480 V (kvar)
8.6
7.5
8
9.1
10.8
51327
9
9
10.5
12.5
51329
12.75
13.5
15.6
18.6
51331
14
15
17.1
20.4
51333
18.5
22.9
Ref.
51325
51335
Assembly advised
25.5
27
32.5
51333 + 51335
37
42
Varplus IP00.
2
2 x 51331
2 x 51335
45
3 x 51333
51
2 x 51335 + 51333
55
3 x 51335
61
3 x 51335 + 31325
DB109695
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 61/60 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 60 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %) capacitors rated 550 V will be used with detuned
reactor.
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB121424
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
Weight of Varplus 2.1 kg.
2
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
29
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
440 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100036_SE-35
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted and polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
480 V (kvar)
Ref.
7.3
440 V (kvar)
8.6
51325
9.1
10.8
51327
10.9
13
51329
15.4
18.4
51331
16.9
20.2
51333
22.4
51335
Assembly advised
30.8
36.8
2 x 51331
60.6
3 x 51333
44.8
50.7
Varplus2 IP00.
2 x 51335
60.2
2 x 51335 + 51331
67.2
3 x 51335
76.3
3 x 51335 + 51327
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 76 kvar 440/480 V.
Assembly > 76 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Highly polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
DB109695
Capacitors rated 550 V will be used with detuned reactor
(see page 480 V - 60 Hz).
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB121424
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 60 Hz for slightly polluted network
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
30
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
480 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted and polluted network (Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Rated values
Ref.
480 V (kvar)
10.5
550 V (kvar)
14
12.5
16.5
51353
15
19.5
51383
16.5
21.5
51357
51351
PB100036_SE-35
Assembly advised
21
28
2 x 51351
25
33
2 x 51353
33
43
2 x 51357
64.5
3 x 51357
86
4 x 51357
43.5
49.5
2 x 51357 + 51351
60
66
Varplus IP00.
2
3 x 51357 + 51351
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 66/86 kvar 480/550 V.
Assembly > 66 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
DB109695
b for the tuning orders 3.8 or 4.3 and THD(U) < 6 %, the capacitors above (rated at
550 V) have to be used with detuned reactors.
b for the tuning orders 2.7 and THD(U) > 6 %, capacitors rated at 690 V (see next
page) have to be used with detuned reactors.
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB121424
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 550 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per
b IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
v temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
b maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover (option)
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
31
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
600 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their different
assembly combination to cover many power ratings
(kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted and polluted network (Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varplus2
690 V (kvar)
Ref.
10
600 V (kvar)
13.3
51359
13.5
17.6
51361
15
20
51363
PB100036_SE-35
Assembly advised
20
26.6
2 x 51359
30
40
2 x 51363
40.5
52.8
3 x 51361
54
60
4 x 51361
60
3 x 51363
80
4 x 51363
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 60/80 kvar 600/690 V.
Assembly > 60 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Varplus2 IP00.
On request for association with detuned reactors
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 690 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
DB121424
Accessories for Varplus2
51459
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and 3 capacitors
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
32
Ref.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and 3 capacitors
Choice of products
PB100036_SE-35
Characteristics
The detuned reactors (DR) are designed to protect the
capacitors and prevent amplification of the harmonics
present on the network.
Detuned reactors
Detuned reactor for 400 V - 50 Hz network
Tuning order: 4.3 (215 Hz)
Power losses
Power restored by
the assembly reactorcapacitor
L (mH)
Ref.
I1 (A)
(W)
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
4.71
9
100
51573
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
2.37
1.18
0.592
17.9
35.8
71.7
150
200
320
52404
52405
52406
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
0.296
143.3
480
52407
Power losses
Ref.
Tuning order: 3.8 (190 Hz)
Power restored by
the assembly reactorcapacitor
L (mH)
I1 (A)
(W)
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
6.03
9.1
100
51568
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
3
18.2
150
53352
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
1.5
36.4
200
53353
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
0.75
72.8
300
52354
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
0.37
145.5
450
51569
Power losses
Ref.
Tuning order: 2.7 (135 Hz)
Detuned reactor.
Power restored by
the assembly reactorcapacitor
L (mH)
I1 (A)
(W)
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
12.56
9.3
100
51563
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
6.63
17.6
150
51564
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
3.14
37.2
200
51565
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
1.57
74.5
400
51566
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
0.78
149
600
51567
Characteristics
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
v
v
v
b
three-phase, dry, magnetic circuit, impregnated
cooling: natural
degree of protection: IP00
insulation class: H
standards: IEC 60289, EN 60289
rated voltage: 400/415 V three-phase 50 Hz
tuning order (relative impedance): 4.3 (5.4 %); 3.8 (6.9 %); 2.7 (13.7 %)
inductance tolerance per phase: - 5, +5 %
maximum constant current: Imp = [( 1, 1 ⋅ I 1) 2 + I32 + I 52 + I 27 + I 211 ]
Imp = 1.31 . I1 for 4.3 tuning
Imp = 1.19 . I1 for 3.8 tuning
Imp = 1.12 . I1 for 2.7 tuning
harmonic current spectrum
As a % of the current of the fundamental
(I1)
Tuning order
4.3
Tuning order
3.8
Tuning order
2.7
Current I3
2%
3%
6%
Current I5
69 %
44 %
17 %
Current I7
19 %
13 %
6%
Current I11
6%
5%
2%
b
b
b
b
b
insulation level: 1.1 kV
thermal withstand Isc: 25 x Ie, 2 x 0.5 second
dynamic withstand: 2.2 Isc (peak value)
dielectric test 50 Hz between windings and windings/earth: 3.3 kV, 1 min
thermal protection restored on terminal block 250 V AC, 2 A.
33
Choice of products
Detuned reactors
DB109698
Operating conditions
b
b
b
b
b
use: indoor
storage temperature -40 °C, +60 °C
relative humidity in operation: 20 to 80 %
saline mist withstand: 250 hours
operating temperature/altitude:
Altitude
Minimum
Maximum
Highest average over any period of:
(m)
(°C)
(°C)
1 year
24 hours
1000
0
55
40
50
> 1000, y 2000
0
50
35
45
Detuned reactor.
DB114156
Installation
b forced ventilation required (see chapter 6 page 48)
b vertical detuned reactor winding for better heat dissipation
b electrical connection:
v to a screw terminal block for 6.25 and 12.5 kvar detuned reactors
v to a drilled pad for 25, 50 and 100 kvar detuned reactors
b 480 V capacitors must be used with the detuned reactors in the case of a 400/415 V,
50 Hz network.
As the detuned reactor is fitted with thermal protection,
it is imperative that the normally closed dry contact be used to disconnect
the step in the event of overheating
(see drawing at left).
Dimensions
Tuning order: 4.3 (215 Hz)
Normally closed dry contact.
Power restored by the Fixing centre Maximum dimensions (mm)
distance
detuned reactor/
capacitor assembly
(mm)
H
W
D
Weight
(kg)
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
110 x 87
230
200
140
8.6
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 110
205 x 110
230
230
270
245
240
260
140
140
160
12
18.5
25
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 120
330
380
220
42
(1)
Tuning order: 3.8 (190 Hz)
Power restored by the Fixing centre Maximum dimensions (mm)
distance
detuned reactor/
capacitor assembly
(mm)
H
W
D
Weight
(kg)
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
110 x 87
230
200
140
8.5
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 110
230
245
140
10
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 110
230
240
140
18
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
(1)
270
260
160
27
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 120
330
380
220
42
Tuning order: 2.7 (135 Hz)
Power restored by the Fixing centre Maximum dimensions (mm)
distance
detuned reactor/
capacitor assembly
(mm)
H
W
D
(kg)
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
110 x 87
230
200
140
9
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 110
230
245
145
13
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 110
230
240
140
22
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
(1)
270
260
160
32
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 120
330
380
220
57
(1) 205 x 120 or 205 x 130 mm.
34
Weight
Choice of products
Detuned reactors
Detuned reactor / capacitor /
contactor combination tables
Maximum temperature 40 °C and maximum altitude 2000 m
480 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
fr = 135 Hz
Qc 480 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
6.25 kvar
8 kvar
51337 x 1
51563 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
15.5 kvar
51331 x 1
51564 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
31 kvar
51331 x 2
51565 x 1
LC1-DMK11M7 x 1
LC1D38 x 1
50 kvar
62 kvar
51335 x 2 + 51333
51566 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
100 kvar
124 kvar
51335 x 4 + 51333 x 2
51567 x 1
-
LC1D115 x 1
Qc 480 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
6.25 kvar
9 kvar
51327 x 1
51573 x 1
51568 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
17 kvar
51333 x 1
52404 x 1
52352 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
34 kvar
51333 x 2
52405 x 1
52353 x 1
LC1-DMK11M7 x 1
LC1D38 x 1
50 kvar
68 kvar
51335 x 3
52406 x 1
52354 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
100 kvar
136 kvar
51335 x 6
52407 x 1
51569 x 1
-
LC1D115 x 1
480 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
fr = 215 Hz
fr = 190 Hz
Maximum temperature 50 °C and maximum altitude 1000 m
(see chapter 6 page 49)
550 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
fr = 135 Hz
Qc 550 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
6.25 kvar
10.5 kvar
51363 x 1
51563 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
21 kvar
51363 x 2
51564 x 1
LC1-DGK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
40.5 kvar
51353 x 3
51565 x 1
LC1-DPK11M7 x 1
LC1D40 x 1
50 kvar
81 kvar
51357 x 3 + 51353 x 2
51566 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
100 kvar
162 kvar
51357 x 9
51567 x 1
-
LC1F185 x 1
Qc 550 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
6.25 kvar
11.5 kvar
51351 x 1
51573 x 1
51568 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
23 kvar
51351 x 2
52404 x 1
52352 x 1
LC1-DGK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
46 kvar
51357 x 1 + 51353 x 2
52405 x 1
52353 x 1
LC1-DPK11M7 x 1
LC1D40 x 1
50 kvar
90 kvar
51357 x 5
52406 x 1
53354 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
100 kvar
180 kvar
51357 x 10
52407 x 1
53359 x 1
-
LC1F185 x 1
550 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
fr = 215 Hz
fr = 190 Hz
Note: LC1D contactors not incorporating a preinstalled resistor can be used with detuned reactors.
The inductance of the detuned reactor limits the energising current to a value that can be accepted by the contactor.
35
Varlogic N power factor
controller
The Varlogic N controllers permanently
measure the reactive power of the
installation and control connection and disconnection of
capacitor steps in order to obtain the required power
factor.
Technical data
PB100031_SE-40
Choice of products
PB100033_SE-50
Varlogic NR6/NR12
DB121418
Varlogic NRC12
b general data
v operating temperature: 0…60 °C
v storage temperature: -20° C…60 °C
v colour: RAL 7016
v standard:
- EMC: IEC 61326
- electrical: IEC/EN 61010-1.
v panel mounting
v mounting on 35 mm DIN rail (EN 50022)
v protection class in panel mounting:
- front face: IP41
- rear face: IP20.
v display:
- NR6, NR12 type: backlighted screen 65 x 21 mm
- NRC12 type: backlighted graphic screen 55 x 28 mm.
- languages: English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
v alarm contact
v temperature internal probe
v separate contact to control fan inside the power factor correction bank
v access to the history of alarm.
b inputs
v phase to phase or phase to neutral connection
v insensitive to CT polarity
v insensitive to phase rotation polarity
v current input:
- NR6, NR12 type: CT… X/5 A
- NRC12 type: CT… X/5 A et X/1 A.
b outputs
v potential free output contacts:
- AC : 1 A/400 V, 2 A/250 V, 5 A/120 V
- DC : 0,3 A/110 V, 0,6 A/60 V, 2 A/24 V.
b settings and parameters
v target cos φ setting: 0.85 ind…0.9 cap
v possibility of a dual cos φ target (type NRC12)
v manual or automatic parameter setting of the power factor controller
v choice of different stepping programs:
- linear
- normal
- circular
- optimal.
v main step sequences:
1.1.1.1.1.1
1.2.2.2.2.2
1.2.3.4.4.4
1.1.2.2.2.2
1.2.3.3.3.3
1.2.4.4.4.4
1.1.2.3.3.3
1.2.4.8.8.8
v personalized sequences for NRC12 type
v delay between 2 successive switch on of a same step:
- NR6, NR12 type: 10 … 600 s
- NRC12 type: 10 … 900 s
v step configuration programming (fixed/auto/disconnected) (NRC12 type)
v 4 quadrant operation for generator application (NRC12 type)
v manuel control for operating test.
Varlogic NR6, NR12, NRC12
Dimensions
Varlogic N
36
Dimensions (mm)
Weight
H
L
P1
P2
(kg)
Varlogic NR6/NR12
150
150
70
60
1
Varlogic NRC12
150
150
80
70
1
Choice of products
Type
NR 6
NR12
NRC12
Varlogic N power factor
controller
Number of step
Supply voltage (V)
Measuring
output contacts
6
12
12
network 50-60 Hz
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415
voltage (V)
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415-690
Varlogic N accessories
ref.
52448
52449
52450
ref.
Communication RS485 Modbus set for NRC12
52451
Temperature external probe for NRC12 type. In addition to internal proble, allows measurement at the hotest point inside the capacitor bank.
Better tuning of alarm and/or disconnection level.
52452
Information supplied
Cos φ
Connected steps
Switching cycles and connected time counter
Step configuration (fixed step, auto, disconnected)
Step output status (capacitance loss monitoring)
Network technical data: load and reactive currents, voltage, powers (S, P, Q)
Ambient temperature inside the cubicle
Total voltage harmonic distortion THD (U)
Total current harmonic distortion THD (I)
Capacitor current overload Irms/I1
Voltage and current harmonic spectrum (orders 3, 5, 7, 11, 13)
History of alarms
Alarms
Threshold
Action
Low power factor
message and alarm contact
Hunting (unstable regulation)
message and alarm contact
< 0.5 ind or 0.8 cap
message and alarm contact
Abnormal cos φ
Overcompensation
message and alarm contact
message and alarm contact
Overcurrent
> 115 % I1
Voltage low
< 80 % Uo within 1 s
message and alarm contact
Overvoltage
> 110 % Uo
message and alarm contact
Overtemperature
θ u θo (θo = 50 °C max)(1) message and alarm contact
fan switch
θ u θo - 15 °C
Total harmonic distortion
> 7 % (1)
message and alarm contact
Capacitor current overload (Irms/I1)
> 1.5 (1)
message and alarm contact
Capacitor capacitance loss
- 25 %
message and alarm contact
Low current
< 2.5 %
message
High current
> 115 %
message
Under voltage
5 % Uo
message
NR6/NR12
NRC12
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
NRC12
b
b
b
b
NR6/NR12
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
DB110655
Uo: input voltage (measurement)
(1): alarm threshold values can be modified according to the installation
(2): capacitor steps are automatically reconnected after fault clearance and a safety delay
37
Choice of products
Contactors
DB109701
General
Capacitor control is accompanied by transient operating conditions resulting from the
capacitor load which, amongst other things, generates a very high overcurrent
equivalent to a short-circuit of short duration.
The use of standard contactors may compromise the safety of persons and
installations.
Telemecanique contactors for capacitor control
The LC1-D•K contactors are specially designed for capacitor control.
They are fitted with a contact block allowing the current to pass on closing and with
damping resistors limiting the current on energisation.
This technology, which is unique, has been patented.
Personal safety
The contactors cannot be operated manually.
The contactors are fitted with covers for protection against direct contact.
DB121423
Safety of installations
The damping resistors are disconnected after the capacitor current energising peak. A
faulty contactor pole therefore does not allow the permanent current to flow through
the resistor and prevents it from burning.
Simplicity and durability
LC1-D•K contactors are a ready-to-use solution that does not require the installation of
shock coils.
Their durability is far greater than that of conventional solutions (300,000 operating
cycles at 400 V).
If specific contactors cannot be used to control the capacitors, then
energising current limiting reactors must be used. Please consult the
contactor manufacturer.
Note: LC1D contactors not incorporating a preinstalled resistor can be used with detuned reactors.
The inductance of the detuned reactor limits the energising current to a value that can be accepted
by the contactor.
38
Choice of products
Contactors
References and maximum power ratings (1)
Power ratings
Instantaneous auxiliary Tightening torque on
contacts
end-piece
temp. y 55 °C
220 V
400 V
Basic reference no. to which the control
voltage reference no. should be added (2)
Weight
660 V
240 V
440 V
690 V
kvar
kvar
kvar
«F»
«O»
Nm
12.5
18
1
1
1.2
LC1-DFK11••
2
1.2
LC1-DFK02••
0.43
1.7
LC1-DGK11••
0.45
6.5
kg
0.43
6.5
15
24
1
1
2
1.7
LC1-DGK02••
0.45
10
20
30
1
1
1.9
LC1-DLK11••
0.6
2
1.9
LC1-DLK02••
0.6
15
25
36
1
1
2.5
LC1-DMK11••
0.63
2
2.5
LC1-DMK02••
0.63
20
30
48
1
2
5
LC1-DPK12••
1.3
25
40
58
1
2
5
LC1-DTK12••
1.3
40
60
92
1
2
9
(1) The power values in the above table are valid for the following conditions:
LC1-DWK12••
1.65
Prospective peak energising current
LC1-D•K
200 In
Maximum rate
LC1-DKF/DKG/DLK/DMK/DPK
240 operating cycles/hour
LC1-DTK/DWK
Electrical durability at nominal load
100 operating cycles/hour
LC1-DKF/DKG/DLK/DMK/DPK
400 V
300000 operating cycles
LC1-DTK/DWK
690 V
300000 operating cycles
(2) Control circuit voltage (••):
Tension (V)
110
220
230
240
380
400
415
50/60 Hz
F7
M7
P7
U7
Q7
V7
N7
Other voltages: contact us.
39
Power factor correction modules
Classic and Comfort Varpact
Installation in a 600 mm wide cubicle
b 5 modules maximum per column with side connection
or
b 4 modules maximum + one connection module per
column
b maximum power per column:
v Classic = 600 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz)
v Comfort = 450 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz).
DB121438
Cubicle installation
DB121431
Varpact without bus bars.
Note: extension piece specific to Prisma Plus
W = 650 mm: ref. 51635.
40
Varpact with bus bars.
Power factor correction modules
Classic and Comfort Varpact
Installation in a 700 mm and 800 mm wide cubicle
b 5 modules maximum per column with side connection
or
b 4 modules maximum + one connection module per
column
b maximum power per column:
v Classic = 600 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz)
v Comfort = 450 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz).
DB121433
Cubicle installation
DB121431
Varpact without bus bars.
Note: extension piece specific to Prisma Plus
W = 650 mm: ref. 51635.
Varpact with bus bars.
41
Power factor correction modules
Varpact Harmony
Installation in a cubicle 700 or 800 mm wide and 400 or 500 mm
deep
For a 2000 mm high cubicle:
5 modules maximum and reactive power less than or
equal to 250 kvar, 400 V, 50 Hz
DB121430
Cubicle installation
DB110622
Varpact without bus bars.
Note: module compatible with Prisma Plus W = 650.
(*) Minimum distance recommended for easy connection by the
customer.
42
Varpact with bus bars.
Varplus2 capacitors
Cubicle installation
DB121425
Fixing and installation
b the capacitors must be installed in well ventilated rooms or enclosures to ensure
that they do not exceed the temperature category limits.
b whatever the installation conditions, the capacitors can be installed in any position
but upside down, like you can see on the drawings.
b capacitors mounted one above the other inside an enclosure should be at least
25 mm apart
b for a lightning withstand of 25 kV, there should be at least 15 mm between the rear
panel and any metal part.
DB121435
Recommended installation.
Recommended installation.
Acceptable
Wrong.
DB121434
Recommended installation.
DB121426
DB121440
DB121439
In vertical position, Varplus2 capacitors must be installed on U metal
section, or on a plate with large holes in order to have a good ventilation.
Wrong.
43
Varplus2 capacitors
Cubicle installation
DB121432
Example: assembly of 120 kvar
DB121429
There are 3 conditions to respect:
b adapted bus bar section is expected to connect the capacitor assemblies shown
below
b minimum space of 25 mm is expected between 2 groups of capacitors (see
following figure)
b the power and the maximum mechanical assembly (= 1 group of capacitors), are
indicated in Varplus2 catalogue (pages 20 to 32)
b according to «Ventilation» chapter (see pages 45 to 47), specific precautions must
be taken in order to not exceed temperature category of -25 °C/D inside the cubicle.
44
Cubicle installation
Detuned reactors
DB121436
Temperature rise stresses
The detuned reactors should be mounted in the upper part of the cubicle to avoid
overheating the installed switchgear.
In the case of a correction switchboard with detuned reactors, a separate column
should be specifically reserved for the reactors.
Detuned reactors require forced ventilation (page 48).
Note: under no circumstances may the detuned reactors be fitted beneath the capacitors.
Example of capacitor banks with detuned reactors (DRs).
DB121428
Location of the detuned reactors
DB121437
DB121427
To ensure proper ventilation, the DR windings must be vertical.
Installation distance
The minimum distances illustrated opposite must be observed for insulation purposes
and to prevent overheating.
45
Ventilation system
The ventilation rules given in this manual are valid under
normal operating conditions. They ensure that the
temperatures within the cubicles do not exceed the
maximum temperatures to which the components can
be subjected.
The rules provide for an average delta T of 10 to 15 °C
between the outside and inside of the cubicle.
Classic and comfort range
Normal operating conditions to IEC 60439-1
b
b
b
b
b
b
maximum temperature in the electrical room: y 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: y 35 °C
average annual temperature in the electrical room: y 25 °C
minimum temperature: u -5 °C
maximum altitude: y 2000 m
other conditions, contact us.
The following rules apply to Varplus2 capacitors for classic and comfort
solutions.
DB114159
Ventilation rules
Capacitors, contactors, fuses and electrical connections dissipate heat:
1.9 (Classic) to 2.4 W/kvar (Comfort).
The following ventilation rules must therefore be complied with:
b the air within the cubicle must flow upwards.
It is recommended that extractor fans be fitted on top of the cubicle.
b the cross-section of the top air outlet must be at least 1.1 times the cross-section of
the bottom air outlet
b the openings must be compatible with the safety rating (IP)
b there should be at least 100 mm between the fan and the modules or components
b the air inlet at the bottom air intake grille must not be obstructed or restricted by a
component or module
b always let a gap of 100 mm between the back of the bank and the wall.
It allows to have a good ventilation
b take into account the pressure drops of the air entry and exit.
As an indication, the real airflow is 0.6 to 0.75 time the airflow announced by the fan
manufacturer.
Applications
The ventilation rules apply to cubicles with the following dimensions:
b height H = 2000 mm
b width W = 600 mm minimum
b depth D = 400 mm minimum
b and power less than or equal to:
v Classic: 600 kvar 400 V - 50 Hz per column.
v Comfort: 450 kvar 400 V - 50 Hz per column.
Reactive power
(kvar at 400 V - 50 Hz)
Type of
ventilation
Air inlet
Min. real air flow
(m3/hour)
Cubicle safety rating (IP) y 3X
Power y 100 kvar
Natural
200 cm2
-
Power 100 to 200 kvar
Natural
400 cm2
-
Power > 200 kvar
Forced
-
u 0.75 times the
power in kvar
Forced
-
u 0.75 times the
power in kvar
Cubicle safety rating (IP) > 3X
All power values
46
Ventilation system
Harmony range
Design using Varpact Harmony modules
The ventilation rules given in this manual are valid under
normal operating conditions. They ensure that the
temperatures within the cubicles do not exceed the
maximum temperatures to which the components can
be subjected.
The rules provide for an average delta T of 10 to 15 °C
between the outside and inside of the cubicle.
b
b
b
b
b
b
Normal operating conditions to IEC 60439-1
maximum temperature in the electrical room: y 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: y 35 °C
average annual temperature in the electrical room: y 25 °C
minimum temperature: u -5 °C
maximum altitude: y 2000 m
other conditions, contact us.
The following rules apply to Varpact Harmony power factor correction
modules.
DB110711
Ventilation rules
Capacitors, detuned reactors, contactors, fuses and electrical connections dissipate
heat: 8 W/kvar.
The following ventilation rules must therefore be complied with:
b ventilation must be forced
b the real air flow (m3/h - allow for incoming and outgoing air pressure drops) must be
greater than or equal to 2.5 time the installed power (kvar).
Example: for an installed power of 200 kvar, the real air flow must be 500 m3/h
b the air within the cubicle must flow upwards.
It is recommended that extractor fans be fitted on top of the cubicle.
b there should be at least 100 mm between the fan and the modules or components
b the air inlet at the bottom air intake grille must not be obstructed or restricted by a
component or module.
b always let a gap of 100 mm between the back of the bank and the wall.
It allows to have a good ventilation.
b take into account the pressure drops of the air entry and exit.
As an indication, the real airflow is 0.6 to 0.75 time the airflow announced by the fan
manufacturer.
Applications
The ventilation rules apply to cubicles with the following dimensions:
b height H = 2000 mm
b width W = 650 mm minimum
b depth D = 400 mm or more and power less than or equal to
250 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz per column.
DB110722
Example: heighten the roof of the bank
Note: Prisma Plus cubicles
Reactive power
(kvar at 400V - 50 Hz)
Protection level
of the bank
Recommended ventilation
Power y 200 kvar
IP y 31
Use the Prisma Plus ventilation
kit (roof - depth 400: ref. 08476
and 2 fans 300 m3/h:
ref. 08986).
Power from 200 to 250 kvar
IP y 21D
Let the upper place empty.
3 fans 300 m3/h: ref. 08986.
Ex: heighten the roof of the bank
like shown on the drawing.
1 air entry on the back side of the
bank at the bottom: the upper air
entry has to be filled up.
47
Ventilation system
Design using Varplus2 capacitors and detuned
reactors (DR)
The ventilation rules given in this manual are valid under
normal operating conditions. They ensure that the
temperatures within the cubicles do not exceed the
maximum temperatures to which the components can
be subjected.
The rules provide for an average delta T of 10 to 15 °C
between the outside and inside of the cubicle.
Harmony range
Normal operating conditions to IEC 60439-1
b
b
b
b
b
b
maximum temperature in the electrical room: y 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: y 35 °C
average annual temperature in the electrical room: y 25 °C
minimum temperature: u -5 °C
maximum altitude: y 2000 m.
other conditions, contact us.
The following rules apply to Varplus2 capacitors
associated with detuned reactors (Harmony range).
DB114165
Ventilation for capacitor banks with detuned reactors
This equipment must always include a forced ventilation system.
The DRs must be installed:
b in a separate enclosure
b or in the same enclosure as the capacitors, but in a separate compartment, or
possibly above the capacitors.
The part of the enclosure containing the capacitors must be ventilated according to the
standard capacitor bank rules, see page 45.
The part of the enclosure containing the DRs must be ventilated according to the
dissipated power.
The minimum air flow must be: F = 0.3 x Ps
(Ps = power dissipated by the DRs), see page 33.
b the DR temperature sensor must be connected so that the step
can be disconnected if the temperature is too high
b always let a gap of 100 mm between the back of the bank and the wall.
It allows to have a good ventilation
b take into account the pressure drops of the air entry and exit.
As an indication, the real airflow is 0.6 to 0.75 time the airflow announced by the fan
manufacturer.
Example
250 kvar 400 V DR capacitor bank, tuning 190 Hz,
in 1 x 50 kvar + 2 x 100 kvar:
b DR compartment: forced ventilation
Ps = 300 + 2 x 450 = 1200 W
F = 0.3 x Ps = 0.3 x 1200 = 400 m3/h (real airflow)
fan rate: 400: 0.6 = 670 m3/h
b capacitor compartment: forced ventilation
(cubicle: 600 x 400 x 2000)
real airflow: 0.75 x 250 = 187.5 m3/h
fan rate: 187.5: 0.6 = 312.5 m3/h.
48
Ventilation system
Derating for an ambient
temperature 50 °C
Compensation installation can be provided for the following operating conditions:
b maximum temperature in the electrical room: 50 °C
b average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: 45 °C
b average annual temperature in the electrical room: 35 °C
b minimum temperature: -5 °C
b maximum altitude: 1000 m.
The following precautions must be taken:
b ventilation must be forced, irrespective of the power, and the ventilation rate
increased by 25 % (see the rules on pages 46, 47 and 48):
v classic or comfort equipment consisting of modules or capacitors:
rate (m3/h) = 0.75 x Q (kvar) x 1.25, whatever the power of Q
v harmony equipment consisting of Varpact harmony modules:
rate (m3/h) = 2.5 x Q (kvar) x 1.25
v harmony equipment consisting of components (capacitors + DR):
- capacitor compartment rate: see rule point 1
- DR compartment rate: (m3/h): 0.3 x Ps x 1.25
b the capacitor voltage must be higher than that normally required (minimum 10 %
higher than that specified by the normal dimensioning rules)
b the DR temperature sensor must be connected so that the step can be
disconnected if the temperature is too high
b the contactors must be derated, the operating current must be increased by 10 %
with respect to the maximum constant current of the step.
Example: 30 kvar 400 V step, classic range, rated current = 43.3 A:
Imp = 1.36 x 43.3 = 58.9 A.
At a maximum ambient temperature of 50 °C, the contactor must be able to accept a
current of 58.9 x 1.1 = 65 A
b the cables must be appropriate for a current of at least 1.5 times the rated current of
the capacitor at a minimum temperature of 60 °C.
Summary
400/415 V 50 Hz network
Gh/Sn y at 15 %
15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %
25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %
Comfort capacitors (480 V)
550 V capacitors
550 V capacitors
+ DR from the catalogue
Modules: Varpact comfort
Modules: on request
Modules: on request
49
Choice of protective devices
Circuit breakers – Fuses
Capacitor bank protection by means
Their rating must be chosen to allow the thermal protection to be set to:
b 1.36 In for classic range
b 1.5 In for comfort range
b 1.12 In for harmony range: 2.7 tuning
b 1.19 In for harmony range: 3.8 tuning
b 1.31 In for harmony range: 4.3 tuning
DB114161
of a circuit breaker
Example 1
or
The short-circuit (magnetic) protection setting thresholds must allow the energising
transients to pass through:
10 x ln for classic, comfort and harmony ranges.
In= Qc/ (1.732 x Un)
Example 1
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz - classic range
In =
Example 2
or
150000
= 216 A
40033
Thermal protection: 1.36 x 216 = 294 A
Magnetic protection > 10 In = 2160 A.
Example 2
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz - harmony range (4.3 tuning)
DB114162
In = 216 A
Thermal protection: 1.31 x 216 = 283 A
Magnetic protection > 10 In = 2160 A.
Capacitor bank protection by means of fuses
Example 1
Type Gg HBC fuses must be used with the following ratings:
b classic range: 1.4 In
b comfort range: 1.6 In
b harmony range: 1.4 In.
Example 1
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz – comfort range
In = 216 A
Fuse rating u 1.6 x 216 u 346 A
Example 2
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz - harmony range
In = 216 A
Fuse rating u 1.4 x 216 u 302 A
The fuse rating immediately above the calculated value must be used.
Example 2
50
DB114163
Choice of protective devices
Circuit breakers - Fuses
Step protection by means of circuit breaker or fuses
Circuit breaker or fuses (type Gg HBC) must be used with the following ratings:
b classic and comfort ranges: 1.6 In
b harmony range: 1.5 In.
or
Note: when 2 steps are protected by one circuit breaker or a same set of fuses, the coefficients
are:
b 1.4 In for classic and harmony steps
b 1.6 In for comfort steps.
Protection of the transformer supplying the
auxiliaries
Use of a transformer to supply the auxiliaries
The transformer must be sufficiently powerful to supply the contactor coils (drive and
holding). the controllers and other energy-consuming devices (fans. lamps. etc.).
Table showing the choice of protective devices at the transformer primary for
transformers with an inrush current of 25 In (primary voltage 400 V)
Power
VA
Primary In
A
aM fuse
A
Circuit breaker
Curve B
63
0.16
1
1
100
0.25
1
1
160
0.4
1
1
250
0.62
2
2
400
1
4
2
630
1.57
4
3
800
2
4
4
1000
2.5
6
6
Table showing the choice of protective devices at the transformer secondary
(secondary voltage 230 V single-phase)
Power
VA
Secondary In
A
gG fuse
A
Circuit breaker
Curve C
63
0.27
0.5 (1)
0.5 (1)
100
0.43
0.5
0.5
160
0.70
1
0.75
250
1.09
1
1
400
1.74
2
2
630
2.74
4
3
800
3.49
4
4
1000
4.35
4
4
(1) No overload protection provided.
51
Choice of cables
Power and auxiliary circuits
Step power cables
Flexible, rigid or semi-rigid copper cables are generally used inside the switchboard.
A U 1000 V cable (insulation 1000 V) is recommended.
For a working voltage that is less than half the insulation voltage of the cable, i.e. < 500
V, these cables are considered to be class 2.
They can therefore be flanged directly onto metal supports without the use of an
insulating material.
The cable cross-section must be compatible with:
b the current to be carried
b the ambient temperature around the conductors.
Dimensioning rules:
b the ambient temperature in the electrical room must not exceed 40 °C:
the cables must be appropriate for a current of at least 1.5 times the capacitor current
at a temperature of 50 °C
b the ambient temperature in the electrical room must not exceed 50 °C:
the cables must be appropriate for at least 1.5 In at a temperature of 60 °C
Auxiliary circuits
Unless otherwise stated in the specifications, the following cable cross-sections are
recommended for the auxiliary wiring:
b 1.5 mm2 for the auxiliary voltage circuits
b 2.5 mm2 for the auxiliary current circuits.
Capacitor bank connection cables
Dimensioning current
The cables must be appropriate for a current of at least 1.5 In.
Cross-section
It must be compatible with:
b the ambient temperature around the conductor
b the method of installation (trunking, duct, etc.).
See the cable manufacturer’s recommendations.
Recommended cable cross-sections (U1000 R02V cables)
For capacitor connections at an ambient temperature of 35 °C.
52
Power (kvar)
230 V
400 V
Cross-section (mm2)
Cu
Al
15
25
6
16
20
30
10
16
25
45
16
25
30
60
25
35
40
75
35
50
50
90
50
70
60
110
70
95
80
135
95
2 x 50
90
150
120
2 x 70
100
180
2 x 50
2 x 70
120
200
2 x 70
2 x 95
135
240
2 x 70
2 x 150
165
275
2 x 95
2 x 150
180
300
2 x 120
2 x 185
200
360
2 x 150
2 x 240
240
400
2 x 185
2 x 300
280
480
2 x 240
3 x 185
315
540
2 x 300
3 x 240
350
600
3 x 150
3 x 240
Customer installation
recommendations
Current transformers and C/K
Installation recommendations
DB121445
b the CT current transformer must be installed upstream of the installation to be
compensated
b the controller voltage should be set between L2 and L3 and the CT to phase L1
b the capacitor bank wiring diagram should be designed to ensure that the time
required to discharge the capacitors is observed (minimum 1 minute), for example in
the event of a loss of contactor auxiliary voltage
b if the installation comprises two or more supply transformers, a summing CT that
will take all the energy consumed by the installation into account must be provided.
The ratio to be used to calculate the C/K is the sum of the ratios of the various
measuring CTs
b if the installation includes a generator set, a contact will disconnect the capacitor
bank in the event of generator set operation.
The best method is to use it to cut off the supply to the controller.
DB121446
DB121443
Measuring current on phase L3
DB121444
Connecting two transformers in parallel
53
Customer installation
recommendations
Current transformers and C/K
Calculation of the response current C/K for power factor controllers
All the Ct.A, Ct.B, Ct.C and Ct.D current transformers must have
the same ratio (same primary and secondary 5 A).
C = current of the first capacitor bank step.
K = current transformer ratio.
Assumptions
b transformer 1 = transformer 2 = 1600 kVA
b network: 400 V 50 Hz
b capacitor bank A = 300 kvar 400 V, 5 x 60 kvar
b capacitor bank B = 250 kvar 400 V, 5 x 50 kvar
Calculation of the current transformer ratio
Transformer rated current: 160000/400/1.732 = 2310 A.
The transformer primary current must therefore be greater than 2310 A.
A transformer with a primary current of 2500 A should therefore be used.
The transformer secondary current must be 5 A.
We therefore obtain: Ct.A = Ct.B = Ct.C = Ct.D = 2500/5 A.
Choice of summing current transformers
Ct.E = Ct.F = (5 + 5)/5 A.
Calculation of C/K for capacitor bank A
Ca = first step current = 60000/400/1.732 = 86.6 A.
Ka = (Ct.A primary + Ct.C)/5 = 1000.
Ca/Ka= 86.6/1000 = 0.086.
Calculation of C/K for capacitor bank B
Cb = first step current = 50000/400/1.732 = 72 A.
Kb = (Ct.B primary + Ct.D primary)/5 = 1000.
Cb/Kb = 72/1000 = 0.072.
54
Tests to be done
The means
Principe
Practical rules
At the end of the manufacturing process, a LV switchboard must undergo various
routine inspections and tests in the factory, following an established programme.
The switchboard must comply with:
b the appropriate standards
b the design file (drawings, diagrams and specific requirements)
b manufacturer mounting instructions
b in-house instructions.
Inspection is carried out in a special area reffered to as the test platform which is set
aside for final testing. All inspectors must first attend a special training course and
must be qualified for working in the proximity of live parts.
Inspection means
The necessary parts should be suitable for the purpose, correctly calibrated and in
good working order:
b dielectric test station
b megohmmeter
b multimeter
b capacitance meter
b torque wrench
b controller test bench…
DD382359_65
Test conditions
Tests must be carried out in a clearly defined area, in
compliance with applicable legislation or regulations, by
qualified personnel.
Megohmmeter.
The reference documents
Standards:
IEC 60439
IEC 60529
IEC 60831-1&2
IEC 61921
In addition to those items which are specific to the switchboard: drawings, diagrams
and specific specifications, quality inspectors should refer to up-to-date documents,
integrating revisions and updates:
b to technical files
b to in-house rules, etc.
b keeping track of changes in standards in order to have the most recent version at all
times.
The main international standards are:
b IEC 60439-1, IEC 60529, IEC 60831-1&2 and IEC 61921.
55
Tests to be done
The tests
Inspections and tests
Standards:
IEC 60439
Practical rules
Carry out all the compulsory inspections and tests and in particular the three routine
tests specified by the IEC 60439-1 standards.
They complement any type tests which may have been carried out previously by the
Standard IEC 60439-1 defines 10 tests to be carried out on electrical switchboards:
b 7 type tests
b 3 routine tests.
The 7 type tests must be carried out in laboratories and test platforms on cubicles,
using real working configurations: complete cubicles fitted with standard
components and equipped with Varplus² capacitors.
The assembly instructions and the 3 routine tests (described below) provide the
necessary proof that the switchboard is of the Type Tested Assembly (TTA) or
Partially Tested Assembly (PTA) type, and in compliance with standards.
1st routine test
Inspection of the assembly, including inspection of
wiring and, if necessary,
an electrical operation test.
Conformity
b conformity of the finished switchboard to the drawings, part lists and diagrams:
v number, type and rating of devices
v conformity of cabling: auxiliary and power circuit connections
v quality of cables: conductor cross-section, crimping and tightness
v marking of conductors and devices.
Visual inspection
b check clearances and creepage distances at connections or part of busbars
b check the degree of protection. Presence of protective elements, according to
requirements (canopy, gasket, front plate, etc.).
No enclosure infractions (cut-outs, holes, etc.) that might compromise
the original degree of protection
b check the presence of a name plate or technical documentation showing the
manufacturer’s name, the project identity number and all the technical specifications
relevant to the LV correction switchboard (kvar, voltage, frequency…).
Electrical operation
b inspect the cables and check the proper operation of the LV correction switchboard,
preferably using a “controller test bench” (attached diagram).
b capacitance measurement : check the capacitance of each step one measurement
between two capacitor terminals is sufficient:
Q = 2 x U2 x C x w (C = capacitance, measured between two terminals).
56
The tests
2nd routing test
Insulation testing
Practical rules
DD382356_69
Tests to be done
Dielectric test:
All devices must be connected, with the exception of those incapable of withstanding
the test voltage (disconnect the controller). Tests must be done with all the contactors
closed. For a switchboard with voltage rated up 690 V, apply a test voltage of 2500 V 50 Hz for 1 second minimum, between all the live parts and the interconnected frames
of the assembly.
Note: due to capacitor presence, the test must be performed between
the 3 short-circuited phases and the earth.
The tests are satisfactory if there is neither puncture nor flashover between the various
parts being tested.
Alternative solution:
If the switchboard is not subjected to a dielectric test, an insulation measurement must
be taken using an insulation tester, with a voltage of at least 500 V (DC). The minimum
insulation resistance value must be higher than 1000 ohms/V.
DD382361_69
Dielectrometer.
Multimeter.
3rd routine test
Protective measures
Check for the presence of barriers to protect against direct and indirect contacts with
live parts.
Visually check that:
b contact washers have been used on all assemblies
b earthing wires have been fitted to doors
b the PE conductor is present and must be connected.
Finishing
Clean the inside of the switchboard
Check presence of switchboard identification markers
Check external appearance: scratches, paintwork, etc.
57
Tests to be done
The tests
Reports
Create a non quality input document used to quantify
faults, evaluate their importance and assign them to
relevant department that must take the necessary
action to ensure conformity of the electrical
switchboard.
Practical rules
58
Conformity of production:
b draw up a list of missing items
b draw up a list of equipment which will be dispatched separately from the
switchboard.
Conformity of operation:
b issue a test report
b this report notes any anomalies detected and the required corrective measures
b establish with the customer, a check list of all the points to be checked (example
enclosed)
b issue a test report that remains in the panel-builder’s possession but that can be
supplied on request
b this report certifies that all the tests have been carried out and avoids repeating all
tests a second time once on site.
Each panel-builder has his own test documents.
Tests to be done
List of inspections
Example
Customer: .............................................
Project no: .............................................
Cust. order no: .......................
Workpost: ...................
Inspection performed by: .......................
Signatures: ............................................
Q.I: ..................................................................................
Device: .....................................................................................................................
kvar
V
Hz
Inspection operations
1- dielectric test
Comments Q.I
v test 2500 V - 50 Hz - 1 second minimum
v insulation measurement at 500 V CC
2a- conformity
Capacitor (kvar)
v conform
v not conform
Fuse (A)
v conform
v not conform
Contactor (type)
v conform
v not conform
DR (mH)
v conform
v not conform
DR (A)
v conform
v not conform
Cable cross-section
v conform
v not conform
Busbar cross-section
v conform
v not conform
Connection pads
v conform
v not conform
Earth circuit
v conform
v not conform
Component identification
v conform
v not conform
Conductor identification
v conform
v not conform
Rating plate
v conform
v not conform
Documentation
v conform
v not conform
Frame continuity
v conform
v not conform
Degree of protection
v conform
v not conform
Locking
v conform
v not conform
Presentation, appearance
v conform
v not conform
Inspection
operations
Steps no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
7
8
9
10
11
12
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
Comments Q.I
2b- operation
Contactor
v OK
Controller
v conform
Indication
v OK
v OK
v not conform
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
2c- capacitance measurement C between Ø (mF)
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
no :
Capacitor no.
reading
Observations: .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
59
Tests to be done
Final inspection report
Example
Customer: ..............................................................................................................
Customer order no: ................................................................................................
Project no: .............................................................................................................
List of equipment
Workpost number: .................................................................................................
Description:............................................................................................................
Inspection performed
1- Conformity inspection
b Enclosures ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
b Switchgear ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
b Conductors ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
2- Mechanical checks ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
3- Electrical continuity of mechanical frames
Resistance value ............................................................................................ mΩ
Visual ..............................................
Electrical .........................................
4- Dielectric tests (2500 V - 50 Hz - 1 second minimum) ....................................................................................................................................................................
5- Insulation resistance monitoring (500 V DC) ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Resistance value ............................................................................................ mΩ
6- Electrical operating tests ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Observations: ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Conclusion:
equipment accepted without reservations.
equipment refused, to be presented for re-inspection.
equipment accepted with reservations.
Customer inspection
Acceptance test organisation
Inspector
Date: ...................................................
Date: ...................................................
Date: ...................................................
Signature: ...........................................
Signature: ...........................................
Signature: ...........................................
60
Q.I manager
As standards, specifications and design change from time to time, always ask for confirmation
of the information given in this publication.
http://www.schneider-electric.com
Creation, published by: Schneider Electric - Ameg - SEDOC
Photos: Schneider Electric
Printed by:
CFIED206105EN_01
Printed on recycled paper.
01-2009
ART218512_01 © 2009 Schneider Electric - All rights reserved
Schneider Electric Industries SAS
Rectiphase
399 rue de la Gare
74370 Pringy (France)
Tel.: (33) 04 50 66 95 00
Fax: (33) 04 50 27 24 19
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