JP14-R/Q hardware manual

JP14-R/Q hardware manual
THIS
DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE AT HTTP://WWW.FALCOM.DE/
JP14-R / JP14-Q
GPS-Receivers
Lead-free products
Hardware description
Version 1.0.5; Updated: 25/09/2007
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
Table Of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................6
1.1 General ................................................................................................................6
1.2 Used abbreviations ..............................................................................................7
1.3 Related documents ..............................................................................................8
2 SECURITY .................................................................................9
2.1 General information ..............................................................................................9
2.2 Restricted use ......................................................................................................9
2.3 Children ................................................................................................................9
2.4 Operation/antenna ...............................................................................................9
2.5 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) ..............................................................................9
3 SAFETY STANDARDS ............................................................10
4 TECHNICAL DATA ..................................................................11
4.1 FEATURES ........................................................................................................11
5 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION ...................................................12
5.1 Receiver Architecture .........................................................................................12
5.2 Product applications ...........................................................................................13
5.3 Technical specifications .....................................................................................13
5.3.1 Electrical Characteristics ...............................................................................................13
5.3.1.1 General .........................................................................................................................................13
5.3.1.2 Accuracy .......................................................................................................................................13
5.3.1.3 DGPS Accuracy ............................................................................................................................13
5.3.1.4 Datum ...........................................................................................................................................13
5.3.1.5 Time to First Position ....................................................................................................................13
5.3.1.6 Sensitivity * ...................................................................................................................................14
5.3.1.7 Dynamic Conditions .....................................................................................................................14
5.3.1.8 DC Power .....................................................................................................................................14
5.3.1.9 Serial Port .....................................................................................................................................14
5.3.1.10 Time – 1PPS Pulse ....................................................................................................................14
5.4 Power management modes overview ...............................................................15
5.4.1 Normal Operation mode ...............................................................................................15
5.4.2 Adaptive TricklePower mode (ATP) ...............................................................................15
5.4.3 Push-to-Fix Mode .........................................................................................................16
5.4.4 NMEA input message for ATP & PTF Mode ..................................................................17
6 HARDWARE INTERFACE AND CONFIGURATION SIGNALS
.................................................................................................19
6.1 Interfaces (balls assignment) of the JP14-R .......................................................19
6.2 Interfaces (balls assignment) of the JP14-Q ......................................................20
6.3 Configuration and timing signals ........................................................................21
6.4 Serial communication signals .............................................................................21
6.5 DC input signals .................................................................................................22
7 SOFTWARE INTERFACE .......................................................23
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7.1 SiRF binary data message .................................................................................23
7.2 NMEA data message .........................................................................................24
7.2.1 NMEA output messages ................................................................................................24
7.2.2 NMEA input messages ..................................................................................................24
7.2.3 Transport Message ........................................................................................................25
8 MECHANICAL DRAW .............................................................26
9 LAYOUT RECOMMENDATION ...............................................29
9.1 Ground planes ....................................................................................................29
9.2 RF connection ....................................................................................................29
9.3 Soldering profile .................................................................................................30
10 FIRST STEPS TO MAKE IT WORK ......................................31
11 APPENDIX .............................................................................33
11.1 How to set the target GPS receiver into power saving modes? ........................33
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Version history:
Version
1.0.0
Author
Changes
Release date
F. Beqiri
Initial version
26/07/2005
1.0.1
F. Beqiri
- The JP14-Q is a 40-pin BGS package (instead of 36-pin BGA package on the early
version). Due to this reason, the following figures and tables are updated (figures 2, 3
and 4 attached; Table 2 – balls 37, 38, 39 and 40 added).
- Table 1 updated (JP14-R - balls 13, 14, 15 and 17 changed from GND to NC – not
connected).
- The diagram of the reflow soldering conditions added.
12/10/2005
1.0.2
F. Beqiri
- Corrected round ball diameter from 0.6 mm to 1 mm (see figures 6 and 7).
- Corrected sensitivity of the JP14 GPS receivers (see chapter 5.3.1.6, page 14).
09/01/2006
1.0.3
F. Beqiri
- Chapter 5.4 on page 15 added. The description of Adaptive TricklePower (ATP) and
Push-to-Fix (PTF) mode is now available.
- The new JP14-Q-REV05B PCB and JP14-R-REV04B PCB revisions are now available.
The following features have been added:
- test points (the figures throughout this document have been repleaced)
- the Vbat signal incorporates voltage detection.
- reset circuitry has been optimized. It monitors now the VCC signal instead of the
VCCGSP signal and allows the implementation of the Push-to-Fix mode (hibernate
state).
- Corrected size of the JP14-Q (height). See chapter 4.1 page 11.
- Updated figures 4,5, and 6 – see chapter 8 page 26.
- Updated average power consumption to 62 mA @ 3.3 (continuous mode). See chapter
5.3.1.8 page 14.
- Corrected 1PPP Pulse duration from 100 ms to 1.5 µs. See chapter 5.3.1.10 page - 14.
- GPS operating firmware currently does not support DGPS.
- Added chapter Appendix “how to set the target device into power saving modes”. See
chapter 5.3.1.10 page 14.
27/06/2006
1.0.4
F. Beqiri
- The description of the pin 18 on JP14-R receiver changed from analogue ground to digital
ground.
- Updated soldering profile – see Figure 11, page 30 and read the note below.
02/03/2007
1.0.5
F. Beqiri
- JP14 modules can accept only one reflow process.
25/09/2007
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Cautions
Information furnished herein by FALCOM is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Also the information contained
herein is subject to change without notice.
Please, read carefully the safety precautions.
If you have any technical questions regarding this document or the product described in it,
please, contact your vendor.
General information about FALCOM and its range of products is available at the following
Internet address: http://www.falcom.de/
Trademarks
Some mentioned products are registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright
The JP14-R/Q hardware description is copyrighted by FALCOM WIRELESS
COMMUNICATIONS GmbH with all rights reserved. No part of this document may
be produced in any form without the prior written permission of FALCOM
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS GmbH.
FALCOM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS GmbH.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein.
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1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 General
This description is focussed on the GPS receivers of the FALCOM JP14-R and JP14-Q
from FALCOM GmbH.
JP14-R/Q a new of highly integrated, low-power GPS products – based on a 0.13
micron CMOS process of the SiRFstarIII - GSC3f – architecture are single-board
solutions with increased to 20 parallel channel receiver. Both units the JP14-R and
JP14-Q for the first time combine a complete A-GPS digital baseband processor, RF
front end and 4 megabits of flash memory in a single 10 mm x 24 mm package,
providing manufacturers of cell phones, PDAs and other portable and wireless
devices with a drop-in AGPS solution they can use to deliver real-time location and
navigation capabilities in a simpler, smaller design with extended battery life.
Each unit in a single package will deliver exceptional sensitivity, low power
consumption and extremely fast time to first fix (TTFF) in a compact, 40-pin BGA
packages. The digital section of both GPS receivers includes a powerful SiRFstarIII
core GPS signal processor that handles all the time critical and low latency
acquisition, tracking and reacquisition tasks autonomously, and a 50-MHz ARM7TDMI
processor. The JP14-R/Q with the equivalent of more than 200,000 correlators used
for processing signals, enable extremely fast and deep GPS signal search
capabilities; achieving time-to-first-fix in only seconds; resulting a significant
improvement on the GPS performance. They come with an integrated 4-megabit
flash memory, and 1-megabit SRAM memory eliminating the need for an external
flash component and significantly simplifying the routing associated with integrating
a GPS receiver into a board design. Supporting multiple reference frequencies, the
RF section of the JP14-R/Q is the most highly integrated, lowest-power SiRF RF
implementation to date, combining RTC and monitor circuitry and is designed to
bring many components that were previously on the board into the silicon while
reducing RF current consumption to just 13 mA.
Each of units delivers major advancements in GPS performance, accuracy,
integration, computing power and flexibility. The unit has an integrated temperature
compensated crystal oscillator (TCXO). Due to the higher stability of frequency it
offers a high-improved GPS performance. In addition, higher sensitivity allows it more
flexibility on its design, the placement of the antenna and the selection of the kind of
antenna. The GPS receiver continuously tracks all satellites in view, thus providing
accurate satellite position data. The physical interface to the unit application is
made through provided balls. This is required for controlling the unit, receiving GPS
location data, transferring data and providing power supply line. The JP14-R/Q units
incorporate 4 megabits of flash memory required for storing the GPS software and
user application programs and 1 megabit of static RAM.
Compared to the JP14-S, the JP14-R is more optimized for location applications
requiring high performance in a very smaller form factor – just 10 x 24 mm package,
ideal for devices with limited onboard processing power. While the JP14-Q comes
more smaller than JP14-R, just 15 x 17 mm package.
The JP14-R/Q concept builds perfect basis for the design of high-sensitive, lowpower, compact and cost efficient state-of-the-art GPS enabled system solutions for
target platforms such as mobile phones, automotive systems, portable computing
devices, and embedded consumer devices. The FALCOM JP14-R and JP14-Q are
also designed to be entire products such as AVL tracking unit, handheld GPS.
The core of the JP14-R and JP14-Q units is comprised of the GSC3f that comes with
Digital and RF in a single chip, and the GSW3 software stored into the on-chip 4megabit FLASH that is API compatible with previous GSW2 software.
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The internal GSW3 software completes the package providing flexible system
architecture for standalone GPS based products.
Please, consult SiRF (www.sirf.com) for special information about the GSC3f SiRFstarIII
chipset.
Figure 1:
The FALCOM JP14-R GPS receiver (top and bottom view)
Figure 2:
The FALCOMJP14-Q GPS receiver (top and bottom view)
Users are advised to proceed quickly to the chapter "Security" and read the hints
carefully to secure its optimal use.
1.2 Used abbreviations
Abbreviation
Description
A-GPS
Assisted - Global Positioning System
BGA
Ball Grid Array
DGPS
Differential GPS
DOP
Dilution of Precision
GPS
Global Positioning System
GGA
GPS Fixed Data
LNA
Low Noise Amplifier
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Abbreviation
Description
NMEA
National Maritime Electronics Association
PRN
Pseudo - Random Noise Number – The Identity of GPS satellites
RF
Radio Frequency
RP
Receive Protocol
RTC
Real Time Clock
RTCM
Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services
SDI
Data input
SDO
Data output
SA
Selective Availability
WAAS
Wide Area Augmentation System
MSK
Minimum Shift Keying
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
PRN
Pseudo-random noise
IF
Intermediate Frequency
A/D
Analog/Digital
1.3 Related documents
[1.] SiRF binary and NMEA protocol specification;
www.falcom.de│Support│Download│Documentation│Sirf│ SiRFmessages_SSIII.zip
[2.] SiRF-demo software and manual;
www.falcom.de│Support│Download│Documentation│Sirf│ SiRFdemo.pdf
www.falcom.de│Support│Download│Software & Tools│Sirf│ SiRFdemo.zip
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2 SECURITY
This chapter contains important information for the safe and reliable use of the GPS
receiver. Please, read this chapter carefully before starting to use the GPS receiver.
2.1 General information
The Global Positioning System uses satellite navigation, an entirely new concept in
navigation. GPS has become established in many areas, for example, in civil aviation
or deep-sea shipping. It is making deep inroads in vehicle manufacturing and before
long everyone of us will use it this way or another.
The GPS system is operated by the government of the United States of America,
which also has sole responsibility for the accuracy and maintenance of the system.
The system is constantly being improved and may entail modifications effecting the
accuracy and performance of the GPS equipment.
2.2 Restricted use
Certain restrictions on the use of the GPS receiver may have to be observed on
board a plane, in hospitals, public places or government institutions, laboratories etc.
Follow these instructions.
2.3 Children
Do not allow children to play with the GPS receiver. It is not a toy and children could
hurt themselves or others. The GPS receiver consists of many small parts which can
come loose and could be swallowed by small children. Thoughtless handling can
damage the GPS receiver.
2.4 Operation/antenna
Operate the GPS receiver with an antenna connected to it and with no obstruction
between the receiver and the satellite.
Make absolutely sure that the antenna socket or antenna cable is not shorted as this
would render the GPS receiver disfunctional.
Do not use the receiver with a damaged antenna. Replace a damaged antenna
without delay. Use only a manufacturer-approved antenna. Use only the supplied or
an approved antenna with your GPS receiver. Antennas from other manufacturers
which are not authorized by the supplier can damage the GPS receiver.
Technical modifications and additions may contravene local radio-frequency
emission regulations or invalidate the type approval.
Authorized GPS antennas: FAL-ANT-3 (active antenna)
2.5 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
The JP14-R/Q GPS receivers contain class 1 devices. The following Electrostatic
Discharge (ESD) precautions are recommended:
-
Protective outer garments.
-
Handle device in ESD safeguarded work area.
-
Transport device in ESD shielded containers.
-
Monitor and test all ESD protection equipment.
-
Treat the JP14-R/Q GPS receivers as extremely sensitive to ESD.
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3 SAFETY STANDARDS
The GPS receiver meets the safety standards for RF receivers and the standards and
recommendations for the protection of public exposure to RF electromagnetic
energy established by government bodies and professional organizations, such as
directives of the European Community, Directorate General V in matters of radio
frequency electromagnetic energy.
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4 TECHNICAL DATA
4.1 FEATURES
-
OEM single board 20 channel GPS receiver
-
Size:
-
Weight:
JP14-R:
10.2 x 24.5 x 3 mm (B x L x H)
JP14-Q:
15.7 x 17.3 x 3 mm (B x L x H)
JP14-R:
1.5 g (without shielding)
JP14-Q:
1.2 g (without shielding)
-
Casing:
Fully shielded
-
TCXO:
± 0.5 ppm
-
FLASH Memory:
on-chip 4 Mbit FLASH and 1 Mbit SRAM.
-
Operating voltage:
+3.3 V DC ±5 %
-
Power consumption:
240 mW (continuous mode)
-
Power management:
Adaptive TricklePower™ (ATP)*
Push-to-Fix (PTF)*
* For more details see chapter 5.4.
-
Temperature range:
storage).
-40 to +85 °C (operation, transportation and
-
Protocol:
SDI1/ SDO1**:
NMEA 38400 baud, Msg.: GLL, GGA, RMC, GSV,
GSA, VTG
8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit
** All options related to this serial port are available
upon request.
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5 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION
5.1 Receiver Architecture
The JP14-R/Q OEM GPS receivers from FALCOM are new OEM GPS receiver products
that feature the SiRFstarIII single chipset. The core of JP14-R/Q units is comprised of
the GSC3 that includes the Digital and RF in a single chip. The JP14-R/Q are built
around re-configurable high-output segmented matched filter in conjunction with a
FFT processor, which can search all 1023 chips of the GPS code simultaneously over
a wide frequency range for fast initial acquisition with large uncertainties. The
flexibility of the core allows the core processing engine and memory to be
reconfigured to track more than 20 satellites using the same hardware. This flexibility
make the JP14-R/Q highly efficient engines for wide variety of location applications.
The core of JP14-R/Q contains a built in sequencer, which handles all the high-rate
interrupts for GPS and SBAS (WAAS, EGNOS) tracking and acquisitions. After
initialization, the receiver handles all the time critical and low latency acquisition,
tracking and reacquisition tasks of GPS and SBAS autonomously. The on-chip SRAM
size is 1-Mbit (32Kx32) memory that can be used for either instructions or data. The
SRAM is designed for a combination of low power and high speed, and can support
single cycle reads for all bus speeds. In many applications, the 4 Mbit FLASH
completely eliminates the need for external data memory.
Figure 3:
Architecture of the JP14-R/Q GPS receivers.
Figure 3 above shows the block diagram of the JP14-R/Q architecture.
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5.2 Product applications
-
Handheld GPS receiver applications
-
Automotive applications
-
Marine navigation applications
-
Aviation applications
-
Timing applications
5.3 Technical specifications
5.3.1
Electrical Characteristics
5.3.1.1 General
Frequency
L1, 1575.42 MHz
C/A code
1.023 MHz chip rate
Channels
20
Max. update rate
1 Hz
Processor speed
6, 12.5, 25 and 49 MHz
Data bus
16 bit
5.3.1.2 Accuracy
Position
Autonomous: 10 meters CEP without SA
SBAS:
< 5 meter
Velocity
0.1 meters/second, without SA
Time
1 microsecond synchronized to GPS time
5.3.1.3 DGPS Accuracy
Position
1 to 5 meters, typical
Velocity
0.05 meters/second, typical
5.3.1.4 Datum
WGS-84
5.3.1.5 Time to First Position
GSM
< 20 sec., average
3G
< 20 sec., average
CDMA
< 16 sec., average
Hot start
< 18 sec., average
Hot start (open sky)
< 1 sec., average
Cold start
< 42 sec., average
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5.3.1.6 Sensitivity *
GSM
15 dBHz**
3G
15 dBHz**
CDMA
15 dBHz**
Tracking
13 dBHz
Hot Start
15 dBHz
Cold Start
30 dBHz
*
The sensitivity value is specified at the correlator. On a JP14 Receivers using GSW3 firmware
with the supplied antenna, 17 dBHz is equivalent to -155 dBm. Other board and antenna
characteristics will vary.
**
With SiRFLock firmware.
5.3.1.7 Dynamic Conditions
Altitude
18,000 meters (60,000 feet) max.
Velocity
<515 meters/second (1000 knots) max.
Acceleration
4 g, max.
Jerk
20 meters/second³, max.
5.3.1.8 DC Power
Main power
+ 3.3 V DC ±5 %
Core power
+1.5 V DC
Continuous mode
approx. 72 mA at 3.3 V DC (with an active
antenna “FAL-ANT-3“)
Backup battery power
+3 V DC ±5%
5.3.1.9 Serial Port
Electrical interface
full duplex serial communication, CMOS level.
Protocol messages
SiRF binary and NMEA-0183 with a baud
rate selection.
SiRF binary – position, velocity, altitude, status
and control NMEA – GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV,
RMC, VTG
5.3.1.10 Time – 1PPS Pulse
Level
CMOS
Pulse duration
1.5 µs
Time reference
At the pulse positive edge
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5.4 Power management modes overview
There are three basic operating modes in which the JP14 family operates during use.
Each mode is used to accomplish a different task during the process of acquiring
and maintaining the GPS information. The JP14 family include all the functionality
necessary to implement the three different modes of operation. By default, the JP14
family runs in normal mode (continuous mode). All three different operating modes
are described below. Additionally, two of them such as Adaptive TricklePower™
(ATP) and Push-to-Fix (PTF) are designed as power saving modes.
This chapter describes the power management considerations of JP14 family based
on the JP14_REV04A PCB version.
5.4.1
Normal Operation mode
In this default implementation of normal mode the JP14 family is fully powered and
performs the function of signal search, acquisition, measurement and satellite
tracking. The amount of time spent in the initial full power is dependent on the start
conditions such as the number of satellites for which the ephemeris data must be
collected and the time to calibrate the RTC. When the JP3 family has been lockedon to at least four satellites, the receiver is able to calculate its current positions. In
this mode the JP14 family is fully powered and satellite searching, initial acquisition,
initial position calculation and tracking measurement functions are always
performed. In order to reduce the start up time of the receiver it is preferable to
connect externally a backup battery, so that the RTC is running during the power
interrupt. The backup power is required for retention of SRAM memory and
maintaining the Real-Time-Clock. The validity of data stored in SRAM is kept due to
RTC keeps running and these data will be needed on the next power up scenario.
5.4.2
Adaptive TricklePower mode (ATP)
Adaptive TricklePower (ATP) is a variant of TricklePower ™. But only ATP and Push-ToFix (PTF is described in next chapter) modes are supported on JP14 family. ATP is best
suited for applications where regular updates are required, and where stronger
signal levels are expected. The transition of receiver into the ATP mode can be done
and configured by using either the Action│Set Low Power (Trickle Power) …
command available in SiRFDemo evaluation software or the input command
described in chapter 5.4.4 on page 17.
When ATP is enabled the receiver will maximize the navigation performance.
Depending on different states of the power management circuits, the receiver
belongs to one of three system states:
Full Power State (Acquisition/Tracking modes)
After initial turn on or system reset, the JP14 will remain in the full power state until
a series of Kalman filter navigation solution is obtained, all ephemeris data is
collected and the RTC is calibrated before transitioning to CPU-state. The receiver
stays in full power state until a position solution is made and estimated to be
reliable. In this state all RF circuitry and the baseband are fully powered. Even in
this state, there is a difference in power consumption during acquisition mode
and tracking mode. During the acquisition mode, processing is more intense, thus
consuming more power (Diagram is shown below that is simplified for ease of
understanding. Timing values are only examples).
CPU-State
In this state the LNA in the RF section is shut off. The TCXO and fractional
synthesizer from the RF section are still powered in order to provide a clock to the
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CPU. This state is entered when the satellite measurements have been collected
but the navigation solution still needs to be computed, thus consuming power is
less than in the full power state.
Standby state
In the standby state, power remains applied to the JP14 family, but the RF section
is completely powered off and the clock to the baseband is stopped. About 600
µA of current is drawn in this state for the internal core regulator, RTC and batterybacked RAM. The receiver enters this state when a position fix has been
computed and reported. Typically, before shutting down the RTC wakeup register
is programmed to wake up the system sometime in the future.
Remark: The environment temperature may also affect the power consumption in the Standby state.
Figure 4:
Three system states into the ATP mode.
The transition from Standby state back to the full power is generated through the
internal RTC, which transmits a wake up signal to the GPS engine to switch it on. The
JP14 is woken up and begins to acquire the on view satellites and to collect their
data. Under normal tracking conditions, the receiver is set for a specific update
period (range from 1 to 10 seconds), and a specific sampling time during each
period (range from 200 to 900 ms). The receiver turns to full power state for the
sampling time to collect data, and then operates in Standby state for the remainder
of the update period. The next full-power state is initiated by an RTC wakeup. But in
harsh tracking environments the receiver automatically switches to full power state
to improve navigation performance. When the satellites are sorted according their
signal strength, the fourth satellite determines if the transition will occur or not. The
threshold is 26 dB-Hz. When tracking, conditions return to normal (four or more
satellites with C/No of 30 dB-Hz or higher), the receiver switches back to the power
saving mode.
5.4.3
Push-to-Fix Mode
The Push-to-Fix mode puts the FALCOM JP14 family into a background duty cycle
which provides a periodic refresh of position, receiver time, ephemeris data and RTC
calibration every 10 seconds to 2 hours. The transition of receiver into the Push-to-Fix
mode can be implemented and configured by using either the Action│Set Low
Power (Trickle Power) … command available in SiRFDemo evaluation software or
the input command described in chapter 5.4.4 on page 17.
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The PTF period is 30 minutes by default but can be anywhere between 10 seconds
and 2 hours. When the PTF mode is enabled, due to a new PTF cycle, the receiver
will stay on full power until the good navigation solution is computed. The so-called
hibernate state will follow for the remainder of the period. For example, if the
receiver took 15 seconds to fix position and refresh ephemeris on the default period
of 30 minutes, the receiver will sleep for the 29 minutes and 45 seconds. Whenever
the receiver wakes up, it collects almanac and ephemeris data and then goes back
to the previous sleep phase again.
* To Be Defined
Remark: The environment temperature may also affect the power consumption in the Hibernate state.
Figure 5:
5.4.4
Three system states in the PTF mode.
NMEA input message for ATP & PTF Mode
Power saving mode is disabled by default. In order to enable it, input the NMEA
message in table below. The description of each parameter used for Adaptive
TricklePower or Push-to-Fix ™ is listed below. How to send these messages to the
target unit, refer to chapter Appendix section 11.1 page 33.
Syntax
$PSRF107,<Mode>,<OnTimeMs*>,<LPInterval*>,<MaxAcqTimeMs>,<MaxOffTimeMs>,<TPAdaptive><*CS><CR><LF>
Examples
$PSRF107,1,400,2000,60000,60000,1*17<CR><LF>
$PSRF107,2,400,60000,60000,60000,0*21<CR><LF>
$PSRF107,0,0,0,0,0,0*21<CR><LF>
Parameter Description
<Mode>
It defines the mode to be performed. It can be set to:
0
Sets the target receiver back to the Continuous mode
(full power).
1
Sets the target receiver into the Adaptive TricklePower
(TP) mode.
2
<OnTimeMs*>
Sets the target receiver into the Push-To-Fix (PTF) mode.
It defines the OnTime period in milliseconds the receiver will stay in full
power state until a position solution is made and estimated to be
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
reliable. Please note that, in harsh tracking environments the receiver
automatically switches to full power state to improve navigation
performance even if the defined OnTime has been expired. When the
satellites are sorted according their signal strength, the fourth satellite
determines if the transition to Standby mode/hibernate state will occur
or not. It can be set to a value between:
200 ... 900
<LPInterval*>
OnTime period in milliseconds
It defines the complete interval of time in milliseconds the receiver will
stay in full power and Standby mode/hibernate state.
It can be set to a value between:
1000 ... 10000
The interval of time in milliseconds for Adaptive
TricklePower (ATP) mode.
10000 ... 7200000
The interval of time in milliseconds for Push-To-Fix
(PTF) mode.
<MaxAcqTimeMs>
It specifies the Maximum Acquire Time in milliseconds how long the
target receiver should attempt to acquire satellites and navigate. If this
time elapses and no GPS-fix is obtained, the target receiver is set into
the sleep mode for up to MaxOffTime in ms. It means, the target receiver
searches for MaxAcqTime in ms, sleeps for MaxOffTime in ms, searches
again for MaxAcqTime in ms, etc. It can be set to a value between:
1000 ... No Limit
<MaxOffTimeMs>
It specifies the Maximum Off Time in milliseconds how long the target
receiver should remain off (sleep mode) before making another
attempt to navigate. This mode is enabled, if the target receiver is
turned on and acquires satellites, but does not navigate. This mode is
disabled, if the target receiver is turned on, acquires and navigates. It
can be set to a value between:
1000 .. 1800000
<TPAdaptive>
It enables/disables the Adaptive TricklePower (ATP) mode if the value of
the <Mode> parameter is set to 1, otherwise it does not have any effect.
It can be set to:
0
It disables the Adaptive TricklePower (ATP) mode.
1
<*CS>
It enables the Adaptive TricklePower (ATP) mode.
CHECKSUM is a two-hex character as defined in the NMEA specification.
Use of checksums is required on all input messages. For more detailed
information, refer to the chapter 7.2.3 page 25.
<CR><LF>
Each message is terminated using Carriage Return (CR) Line Feed (LF)
which is hex 0D 0A. Because 0D 0A are not printable ASCII characters,
they are omitted from the example strings, but must be sent to terminate
the message and cause the receiver to process that input message.
* Note:
•
SiRF recommends the use of 300 ms, 1-second or 400 ms, 2-second for
optimum performance.
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
6 HARDWARE INTERFACE AND CONFIGURATION
SIGNALS
6.1 Interfaces (balls assignment) of the JP14-R
Ball
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Name
VCC
VCC
VBAT
VDDK
SDI1
SDO1
SDO2
SDI2
NADC_D
SPI_EN
SPI_CLK
SPI_DATA
NC
NC
NC
GPIO0
NC
GND
GND_RF
I/O
I
Description
Main power supply
Level
I
O
I
O
O
I
I
I
I
O
Power for RTC and SRAM
Core power at 1.5 V. Do not use, leave it open.
Serial Data Input A
Serial Data Output A
Serial Data Output B (It is not supported by default GSW3.1.0)
Serial Data Input B (It is not supported by default GSW3.1.0)
Do not use, leave it open.
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
Control-lines for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
+3 V DC ±5%
-
Not connected
-
I/O
-
General propose input/output
Not connected
Digital ground
Analogue ground
CMOS
0V
20
VANT
I
Power supply for an active antenna
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
RF_IN
GND_RF
GND_RF
VCCRF
GND
GND
NSRESET
T-MARK
BOOTSEL
NADC_CS
TIMERSYNC
CS2
GPIO1
I
GPS signal from connected antenna
Analogue grounds
O
Supply voltage of RF section
Digital grounds
I
O
I
O
O
O
I/O
34
VCCGSP3
O
Do not use, leave it open.
1 PPS Time Mark Output
Boots the unit into the Update mode, if it is set to HIGH.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
General propose input/output
Control output for baseband processor. Do not use, leave it
open.
+ 3.3 V DC ±5 %
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
Up to +12 V DC / max. 25
mA
50 Ohms @ 1.575 GHz
+ 2.85 V DC / max. 25 mA
0V
CMOS
CMOS (=VCC)
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
Ball
Name
I/O
Description
Level
35
36
37
38
39
40
PWRCTL
WAKEUP
GPIO10
M-RST
VDD_RTC
ON/OFF
O
O
I/O
I
I
I
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
General propose input/output
Rest the unit, active low
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
+1.5 V DC
CMOS
Table 1: Pin assignment of the JP14-R
6.2 Interfaces (balls assignment) of the JP14-Q
Ball
1
Name
GND_RF
I/O
Description
Analogue grounds
2
VANT
I
Power supply for an active antenna
3
4
5
6
7
8
GND
VCC
VCC
VBAT
VCCRF
M-RST
I
Analogue grounds
Main power supply
9
VCCGSP3
O
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
PWRCTL
BOOTSEL
WAKEUP
CS2
GPIO1
GPIO0
SDI1
17
SDO2
O
I
O
O
I/O
I/O
I
O
18
19
SDO1
VDDK
20
SDI2
21
22
23
24
25
GPIO10
VDD_RTC
T-MARK
ON/OFF
NADC_CS
I
O
I
O
O
I
I/O
I
O
I
O
Power for RTC and SRAM
Supply voltage of RF section
Rest the unit, active low
Control output for baseband processor.Do not use, leave
it open.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Boots the unit into the Update mode, if it is set to HIGH.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
General propose input/output
General propose input/output
Serial Data Input A
Serial Data Output B (It is not supported by default
GSW3.1.0)
Serial Data Output A
Core power at 1.5 V. Do not use, leave it open.
Serial Data Input B (It is not supported by default
GSW3.1.0)
General propose input/output
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
1 PPS Time Mark Output
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Level
Up to +12 V DC / max. 25
mA
0V
+ 3.3 V DC ±5 %
+3 V DC ±5%
+ 2.85 V DC / max. 25 mA
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS (=VCC)
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
+1.5 V DC
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
Ball
Name
I/O
Description
Level
26
27
TIMERSYNC
SPI_EN
O
I
CMOS
CMOS
28
SPI_CLK
I
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
NADC_D
SPI_DATA
NSRESET
GND
GND
GND
GND_RF
RF_IN
NC
NC
NC
NC
I
O
I
Control outputs. Do not use, leave it open.
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
Control-lines for production test. Do not use, leave it
open.
Do not use, leave it open.
Control-line for production test. Do not use, leave it open.
Do not use, leave it open.
Digital grounds
I
Analogue grounds
GPS signal from connected antenna
0V
50 Ohms @ 1.575 GHz
-
Not connected
-
0V
Table 2: Pin assignment of the JP14-Q
6.3 Configuration and timing signals
M-RST
This pin provides an active-low reset input to the
board. It causes the board to reset and to start
searching for satellites. If not utilized, this input pin may
be left open.
T-MARK
This pin provides 1 pulse per second output from the
board, which is synchronized to within 1 microsecond
of GPS time. The output is a CMOS level signal.
BOOTSEL
Set this Pin to high (+3.3 V DC) for
reprogramming the flash of the JP14-R/Q (for instance
updating a new firmware for the JP14-R/Q).sall
6.4 Serial communication signals
The board supports two full duplex serial channels. All serial connections are at
CMOS level. If you need different voltage levels, use appropriate level shifter, (e.g.
MAX 3232 from Maxim) in order to obtain RS232 compatible signal levels (see also
chapter 9). All supported baud rates can be controlled from the appropriate
screens in SiRFdemo software. You can directly communicate with it through a PC
serial port.
SDI1
This is the main receiving channel and is used to
receive software commands to the board from
SiRFdemo software or from user written software.
SDI2
This is the auxiliary receiving channel and is used to
input differential corrections to the board to enable
DGPS navigation. Note that, the current operating
firmware does not support DGPS.
SDO1
This is the main transmitting channel and is used to
output navigation and measurement data to
SiRFdemo or user written software.
SDO2
For user’s application (It is not supported by default
GSW3.1.0).
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
6.5 DC input signals
VCC
This pin is the main DC power supply for 3,3 V ±5 %
powered boards JP14-R/Q.
RF_IN
Active antennas have an integrated low-noise
amplifier. They can be directly connected to this pin
(RF_IN). If an active antenna is connected to RF_IN,
the integrated low-noise amplifier of the antenna
needs to be supplied with the correct voltage
through pin VANT.
Caution: Do not connect or disconnect the antenna
while the JP14-R and JP14-Q are running.
Caution: The RF_IN is always fed from the input
voltage on the VANT. Do not use any input voltage on
the RF_IN pin.
VANT
This pin is an input and reserved for an external DC
power supply for an active antenna.
The antenna bias for an external active antenna can
be provided in two ways to pin VANT.
In order to use a 5 V or 12 V active GPS antenna, the
VANT has to be connected to 5 V, 12 V external
power supply, respectively.
The other possibility is available when you connect
the VCCRF output (which provides 2.85 V) to VANT, so
that an antenna with 2.85 V supply voltage can be
used.
Hint: The input voltage on the VANT should be chosen
in according to the antenna to be used.
Note: The GPS receivers JP14-R/Q have to be
connected to active GPS antennas with a max. current
25 mA.
VCCRF
This pin is an output, which provides +2.85 V DC, and
can be connected to the V_ANT, to supply the
connected GPS antenna (2,85V active antenna).
Note: The maximum output current on this pin should
be limited upto 25 mA to protect the GPS receiver from
damage.
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Page 22
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
7 SOFTWARE INTERFACE
The FALCOM JP14-R/Q support NMEA-0183 and SiRF binary protocols. A short
description of these protocols is provided herein.
For more detailed information about the messages listed in tables below, please refer
to the SiRFstarIII message set specification available in the section
“Support/Downloads/Documentation/SiRF/SiRFmessages_SSIII.zip”
at
FALCOM
homepage.
7.1 SiRF binary data message
Table 6 lists the messages for the SiRF output
Hex
0 x 02
0 x 03
0 x 04
0 x 06
0 x 07
0 x 08
0 x 09
0 x 0A
0 x 0B
0 x 0C
0 x 0D
0 x 0E
0 x 0F
0 x 10
0 x 12
0 x 13
0 x 14
0 x 1C
0 x 1E
0 x 1F
0 x FF
ASCII
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
19
20
28
30
31
255
Name
Measured Navigation Data
True Tracker Data
Measured Tracking Data
SW Version
Clock Status
50 BPS Subframe Data
Throughput
Error ID
Command Acknowledgement
Command No Acknowledgement
Visible List
Almanac Data
Ephemeris Data
Test Mode 1
Ok To Send
Navigation Parameters
Test Mode 2
Nav. Lib. Measurement Data
Nav. Lib. SV State Data
Nav. Lib. Initialization Data
Development Data
Table 6:
Description
Position, velocity and time
Not implemented
Satellite and C/No information
Receiver software
Current clock status
Standard ICD format
Navigation complete data
Error coding for message failure
Successful request
Unsuccessful request
Auto Output
Response to Poll
Response to Poll
For use with SiRFtest (Test Mode 1)
CPU ON/OFF (Trickle Power)
Response to Poll
Additional test data (Test Mode 2)
Measurement Data
Satellite State Data
Initialization Data
Various status messages
SiRF Output Messages
Table 7 lists the message list for the SiRF input messages.
Hex
0 x 55
0 x 80
0 x 81
0 x 82
0 x 84
0 x 86
0 x 87
0 x 88
0 x 89
0 x 8B
0 x 8C
0 x 8D
0 x 8E
0 x 8F
0 x 90
0 x 92
0 x 93
0 x 94
0 x 95
0 x 96
ASCII
85
128
129
130
132
134
135
136
137
139
140
141
142
143
144
146
147
148
149
150
Name
Transmit Serial Message
Initialize Data Source
Switch to NMEA Protocol
Set Almanac (upload)
Software Version (Poll)
Set Main Serial Port
Switch Protocol
Mode Control
DOP Mask Control
Elevation Mask
Power Mask
Editing Residual
Steady-State Detection – not used
Static Navigation
Poll Clock Status (Poll)
Poll Almanac
Poll Ephemeris
Flash Update
Set Ephemeris (upload)
Switch Operating Mode
Description
User definable message
Receiver initialization and associated parameters
Enable NMEA message, output rate and baud rate
Sends an existing almanac file to the receiver
Polls for the loaded software version
Baud rate, data bits, stop bits and parity
Obsolete
Navigation mode configuration
DOP mask selection and parameters
Elevation tracking and navigation masks
Power tracking and navigation masks
Not implemented
Not implemented
Configuration for static operation
Polls the clock status
Polls for almanac data
Polls for ephemeris data
On the fly software update
Sends an existing ephemeris to the receiver
Test mode selection, SV ID and period
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
0 x 97
0 x 98
151
152
Set Trickle Power Parameters
Poll Navigation Parameters
Push to fix mode, duty cycle and on time
Polls for the current navigation parameters
Hex
ASCII
Name
Description
0 x A5
0 x A6
0 x A7
0 x B6
165
166
167
182
Set UART Configuration
Set Message Rate
Low Power Acquisition Parameters
Set UART Configuration
Protocol selection, baud rate, data bits, stop bits and parity
SiRF binary message output rate
Low power configuration parameters
Obsolete
Table 7:
SiRF Input Messages
7.2 NMEA data message
7.2.1
NMEA output messages
Table 7 lists all NMEA output messages supported by SiRFstarIII evaluation receiver
and a brief description.
Option
GGA
GLL
GSA
GSV
MSS
Description
Time, position and fix type data.
Latitude, longitude, UTC time of position fix and status.
GPS receiver operating mode, satellites used in the position solution and DOP values.
The number of GPS satellites in view satellite ID numbers, elevation, azimuth and SNR values.
(This message can be switched on via SiRFdemo software) Signal-to-noise ratio, signal strength,
frequency and bit rate from a radio-beacon receiver.
Time, date, position, course and speed data.
Course and speed information relative to the ground.
RMC
VTG
Table 8:
7.2.2
NMEA Output Messages
NMEA input messages
Message
Set Serial Port
Navigation Initialization
Query/Rate Control
LLA Navigation Initialization
Development Data On/Off
MSK Receiver Interface
Table 9:
Note:
MID1
100
101
103
104
105
MSK
Description
Set PORT A parameters and protocol
Parameters required for start using X/Y/Z2
Query standard NMEA message and/or set output rate
Parameters required for start using Lat/Lon/Alt3
Development Data messages On/Off
Command message to a MSK radio-beacon receiver.
MEA Input Messages
1.
Message Identification (MID).
2.
Input co-ordinates must be WGS84.
3.
Input co-ordinates must be WGS84.
NMEA input messages 100 to 105 are SiRF proprietary N MEA
messages. The MSK NMEA string is as defined by the NMEA 0183
standard.
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
7.2.3
VERSION 1.0.5
Transport Message
Start Sequence
$PSRF<MID>1
Payload
Data2
Checksum
*CKSUM3
End Sequence
<CR> <LF>4
1.
Message Identifier consisting of three numeric characters. Input messages begin at
MID 100.
2.
Message specific data. Refer to a specific message section for <data>...<data>
definition.
3.
CHECKSUM is a two-hex character checksum as defined in the NMEA specification.
Use of checksums is required on all input messages.
4.
Each message is terminated using Carriage Return (CR) Line Feed (LF) which is \r\n
which is hex 0D 0A. Because \r\n are not printable ASCII characters, they are
omitted from the example strings, but must be sent to terminate the message and
cause the receiver to process that input message.
CheckSum
The checksum is 15-bit checksum of the bytes in the payload data. The
following pseudo code defines the algorithm used.
Let message to be the array of bytes to be sent by the transport.
Let msgLen be the number of bytes in the message array to be transmitted.
Clearly to say, the string over which the checksum has to be calculated is
between the “$” and “*” (without characters “$” and “*”).
Index = first
checkSum = 0
while index < msgLen
checkSum = checkSum + message[index]
checkSum = checkSum AND (215-1).
Note:
All fields in all proprietary NMEA messages are required, none are
optional. All NMEA messages are comma delimited.
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Page 25
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
8 MECHANICAL DRAW
The following chapters describe the mechanical dimensions of JP14-R/Q and give
recommendations for integrating of the JP14-R/Q or into your application platform.
Note that, the absolute maximum dimension of the JP14-R/Q module is: 10.2 mm x
24.5 mm (B x L).
The absolute maximum dimension of the modules are: JP14-R - 10.2 mm x 24.5 mm (B
x L) and JP14-Q - 15.7 mm x 17.2 mm (B x L)
Figures 6 and 7 show the top view of the JP14-R/Q GPS receivers and provide an
overview of the mechanical dimensions of the board, respectively.
Please note that, the JP14-R/Q have a dimension tolerance: ±0.1 mm.
Figure 6:
The mechanical draw of the JP14-R
Figure 7:
The mechanical draw of the JP14-Q
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Page 26
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
Recommendations for layout, and soldering.
Figure 8 shows the bottom view on JP14-R and provides an overview of the
mechanical dimensions of the pointed balls.
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Page 27
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
Figure 8:
VERSION 1.0.5
The mechanical draw of the JP14-R
Figure 9 shows the bottom view on JP14-Q and provides an overview of the
mechanical dimensions of the pointed balls.
Figure 9:
The mechanical draw of the JP14-Q
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Page 28
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
9 LAYOUT RECOMMENDATION
9.1 Ground planes
JP14-R/Q GPS receivers need two different ground planes. The pins RF_GND to both
unit should be connected to analog ground, the pins GND to digital ground, see tables
1 and 2 respectively.
The two ground planes shall be separated:
♦
planes are connected inside the receiver (see figure 10).
connected internally
Digital GND
Figure 10:
Analog GND
Ground plane of the JP14-R/Q GPS receivers
9.2 RF connection
The JP14-R/Q GPS receivers are designed to be functional by using either a passive
patch antenna or an antenna connector with standard RF cables. In order to make
a properly RF connection, the user has to connect the antenna points to the RF pins
of the JP14-R/Q or (RF_IN, see tables 1 and 2) and RF grounds (RF_GND),
respectively.
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
9.3 Soldering profile
Figure 11 shows the recommended solder profile for Pb-free JP14-R/Q units.
Figure 11:
Typical solder conditions (temperature profile, reflow conditions).
Consider for a long time in the soldering zone (with temperature higher than 217 °C)
has to be kept as short as possible to prevent component and substrate damages.
Peak temperature must not exceed 250 °C.
Please note that this soldering profile is a reference to the soldering
machine FALCOM utilizes. This profile can vary by using different paste
types, and soldering machines, and it should be adapted to the
customer application. NO liability is assumed for any damage to the
module caused while soldering.
Reflow profiles in tabular form
Profile Feature
Values
Ramp-Up Rate
< 3 K/second
Preheat- zone
–
–
Temperature Range
160-180°C
Time
100-120 seconds
Peak-zone:
–
–
Peak Temperature
240°C .. 250°C max.
Time above 217°C
65-75 seconds
Ramp-Down Rate
< 3 K/second
Note: JP14 modules can accept only one reflow process
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Page 30
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
10 FIRST STEPS TO MAKE IT WORK
Figure 12:
The minimum hardware interface of JP14-R/Q to get started.
The same set up connection can also be made to the GPS receiver, but take into
consideration the allocation of the receiver’s pins (refer to the Tables 1 and 2).
.Antenna:
The antenna connection is the most critical part of PCB routing.
Before placing the JP14 on the PCB, secure that the connection
to the antenna signals is routed. In order to make it properly
functional, a control impedance line has to connect the RF_IN
signal with antenna feed points or antenna connector,
respectively. The routing on the PCB depends on your choice.
.Power:
The input power is also very important as far as the minimum and
maximum voltage is concerned. The power supply of JP14 family
has to be a single voltage source of VCC at 3.3 VDC ±5 %. Please,
connect GND pins to ground, and connect the lines, which supply
the VCC pin to +3.3 V, properly. If they are correctly connected,
the board is full powered and the unit begins obtaining its position
fix.
.Serial Interface: The JP14 family provides two serial interfaces. Each interface is
provided with two wires the SDI1 and SDO1 lines for the first serial
interface (port A) and SDI2 and SDO2 lines for the second serial
interface (port B). The current firmware does not support DGPS
correction data. These pins are 3.3 V CMOS compatible. In order
to use different voltage levels, an appropriate level shifter has to
be used.
.E.g. in order to provide RS232 compatible levels use the 3 V
compatible MAX3232 transceiver from Maxim or others based on
the required levels. The GPS data will be transmitted through port
A (first serial port), if an active antenna is connected, which has a
good view to sky. Pull-up (100 kΩ) to the unused SDI inputs.
.Active Antenna Bias Voltage: The output voltage at the antenna cable can be
used to power the bias voltage of the antenna, provided can
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JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
make sure that the antenna runs down to 2.7 V bias voltage and
the current does not exceed 20 mA.
.Backup Battery: In case of a power interruption on pin VCC the real-time clock
and backed-up SRAM are continually supplied through V_BAT.
The voltage at this pin has to be +3 V DC ±5%. If you do not use a
backup battery, connect this pin to GND or leave it open.
The quickest way to get first results with the JP14-R/Q is to use the JP14-R/Q adapter
board, together with the GPS Evaluation Kit and the SiRFdemo program.
Figure 13:
Evaluation board with connected JP14-R/Q GPS receiver.
The GPS Evaluation Kit contains:
-
Evaluation Box
-
JP14 sample with soldered antenna cable
-
power supply (AC/DC adapter, Type FW738/05, Output 5VDC 1.3 A)
-
active GPS antenna (FAL-ANT-3)
-
RS232 level shifter
-
RS232 cable to your computer
-
GPS Evaluation Kit user’s manual
The GPS Evaluation Kit is not included in the delivery package of the JP14-R/Q GPS
receiver. The GPS Evaluation Kit will have to be purchased separately.
The SiRFdemo manual and software are available on FALCOM’s Website for free
download:
 www.falcom.de│Support│Download│Documentation│Sirf│SiRFdemo.pdf
 www.falcom.de│Support│Download│Documentation│Sirf│SiRFdemo.zip
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
Page 32
JP14-R /JP14-Q FALCOM GPS RECEIVERS
VERSION 1.0.5
11 APPENDIX
11.1 How to set the target GPS receiver into power saving
modes?
By means of SiRFdemo software version 3.81 from SiRF the user is able to configure
this operation mode with desired setting.
The input message is accepted if the GPS receiver operates in the NMEA mode, else
the input message will be ignored. The commands above cannot be implemented if
the target receiver operates in the SiRF Binary mode.
In order to set the receiver into the ATP or PTF mode via input messages, start the
SiRFdemo software version 3.81, select the COM port where GPS receiver is connected
and the baud rate to 38400 bps, and then open the COM port. If the receiver is
operating in SiRF binary mode, switch it to the NMEA mode, select Switch to NMEA
protocol from the Action menu of main window. After the receiver has obtained a GPS
fix, it can be set in the ATP or PTF mode. To do this, open Action menu from main
window and start Transmit Serial Message …. On the appeared dialog box select
NMEA… protocol from the Protocol Wrapper option and type the following command
onto the memo field as shown in the Figure 14:
PSRF107,1,400,2000,60000,60000,1
(sets the target receiver into the ATP mode.
Excluding $-sign and checksum)
After the message is correctly typed, send the defined message to the target unit by
clicking the SEND button. The target device responds with Acknowledged … if the
target unit accepts the sent message.
Figure 14:
Transmit a NMEA message to the target unit.
To set the target receiver back to the full power mode just transmit the following
message:
PSRF107,0,0,0,0,0,0
// sets the target receiver back to full power mode
For more information, how to send the SiRF Binary or NMEA messages to the target
unit, please refer to the SiRFstarIII message set specification available in the section
“Support/Downloads/Documentation/SiRF/SiRFmessages_SSIII.zip”
at
FALCOM
homepage.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
Page 33
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