TASM11 USER`S MANUAL - The Engineers Collaborative, Inc.

TASM11 USER`S MANUAL - The Engineers Collaborative, Inc.
TASM11
USER'S MANUAL
A Cross Assembler Program
for Motorola 68HC11
Microcomputers
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc.
Webite at www.tec-i.com
Email [email protected]
TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
* * * IMPORTANT WARRANTY AND LIABILITY INFORMATION * * *
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. makes no warranties, expressed or implied for this software. No warranty of
fitness for a particular purpose is offered. The user is advised to test the software thoroughly before relying on it. The
user assumes the entire risk of using the product. The total liability of The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. is limited to
the purchase price of the product, and does not cover any lost profits, special, incidental or consequential damages, or
any claim against the purchaser by any party.
* * * SOFTWARE LICENSE STATEMENT * * *
US copyright law and international treaty provisions protect this software. Therefore, you must treat this software
just like a book, with the following exception. The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. authorizes you to make archival
copies of the software for the sole purpose of backing-up our software and protecting your investment from loss. By
saying, just like a book, The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. means that the software cannot be used by two different
people in two different places at the same time.
* * * OTHER * * *
The information contained in this manual has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate and complete at
the time of printing. However, no responsibility is assumed for errors that might appear. The Engineers
Collaborative, Inc. reserves the right to make changes to the product and/or the manual at any time without notice.
Furthermore, The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. assumes no liability arising out of the use or application of any of its
products. No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of The Engineers Collaborative, Inc.
(C) Copyright 1989-2004 The Engineers Collaborative, Inc.
Web Site at www.tec-i.com
Email [email protected]
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the U.S.A.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 5
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
Getting Started ................................................................................................................. 5
The Distribution Diskette ..................................................................................................... 5
Backing up the distribution diskette...................................................................................... 6
Creating a Working Copy Diskette ....................................................................................... 6
3.0 Running TASM11 ........................................................................................................ 6
3.1 Output Control Switches ................................................................................................. 7
3.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................... 8
4.0 TASM11 Source Files ..................................................................................................... 9
5.0 Expressions ................................................................................................................... 11
6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
TASM11 Pseudo-operations ........................................................................................
Storage Definition Pseudo-ops ......................................................................................
ORG and END Pseudo-ops ............................................................................................
Symbolic Constants .........................................................................................................
Include Pseudo-op ..........................................................................................................
Listing Control Pseudo-ops ............................................................................................
OPT (option) Pseudo-op ..............................................................................................
Null Pseudo-ops ............................................................................................................
11
11
16
17
17
18
19
20
7.0
7.1
7.2
7.3
Error Messages ...............................................................................................................
Fatal Errors ....................................................................................................................
Non-Fatal Errors .............................................................................................................
Warning Errors ..............................................................................................................
20
21
22
25
8.0
8.1
8.2
8.3
68HC11 Addressing Modes ............................................................................................
Inherent Addressing .......................................................................................................
Immediate Addressing .....................................................................................................
Direct Addressing ..........................................................................................................
25
26
26
26
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Table of Contents (cont.)
8.4 Extended Addressing ...................................................................................................... 26
8.5 Indexed Addressing ............................................................................................................ 27
8.6 Relative Addressing ........................................................................................................ 27
9.0
9.1
9.2
9.3
Output File Format............................................................................................................. 28
Listing File Format ........................................................................................................ 28
Motorola S-Record Object File Format ........................................................................... 28
Intel HEX Object File Format .......................................................................................... 29
Appendix A - Instruction Mnemonics,opcodes and
addressing modes ................................................................................................................... 30
1.0 INTRODUCTION
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TASM11 is a 68HC11 cross assembler program. It is designed to run on the IBM family of personal
computers under the PC-DOS disk operating system Version 2.1 or higher. It also runs on true IBM
compatible personal computers.
TASM11 takes its input from a PC-DOS text file and creates as output an object code file in either Intel
HEX or Motorola S-record format and a listing file in PC-DOS text format.
When invoking TASM11 a number of option switches may be used to control the output generated. A
variety of pseudo-operation codes may be included in the source code text file to control the format of the
output generated.
This manual is intended as a reference document for the experienced 68HC11 assembly language
programmer. It is assumed that the user is familiar with the 68HC11 instruction set and chip architure. Less
experienced users should become familiar with the information contained in the following
publicationsavailable from Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc. 3501 Ed Bluestein Blvd.,
Austin, Texas 78721
MOTOROLA SINGLE-CHIP MICROCOMPUTER DATA (DL132R1)
MC68HC11A8 PROGRAMMING REFERENCE GUIDE (MC68HC11A8RG/AD)
2.0 GETTING STARTED
Before using the TASM11 program for the first time the user should take the
time to 1) make one or more copies of the distribution diskette, 2) make one or
more bootable working copy diskettes and 3) READ THE MANUAL!
2.1 The Distribution Diskette
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. TASM11 Cross Assembler Program is supplied
on a 3 1/2 inch double sided double density floppy diskette.
The file supplied on this diskette is as follows:
TASM11.EXE
This file contains the 68HC11 cross assembler program.
2.2 Backing up the distribution diskette
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Use the DOS "DISKCOPY" command to make at least one backup copy of thedistribution diskette. When
this is done, one of the backup copies should be used to create "working copy" diskettes as described
below. At least one
backup copy and the original distribution diskette should then be stored in a safe place for use the
inevitable day when disaster strikes!
2.3 Creating Working Copy Diskettes
Use the DOS "FORMAT" command with the /s option to format the number of
working copy diskettes that you wish to create. The /s option copies the files
required to make the working copy diskette a "bootable" or "system" diskette.
Use the DOS "COPY" command to copy all of the files supplied on the
distribution diskette to the working copy diskettes.
Use the DOS "COPY" command to copy the DOS file ANSI.SYS to the working copy
diskettes. This file must have been supplied with the disk operating system
for your computer. Note: This file is not required if only TASM11 is to be used,
but is required for all other The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. software
development tools.
Use the DOS "COPY" command to copy the text editor program that you will be
using to create 68HC11 source code files to the working copy diskettes.
At this point you have finished creating the working copy diskettes but to use
the software tools you must make sure that the extended screen and keyboard
device driver(ANSI.SYS) is loaded. The easiest way to do this is to boot the
system with the working copy diskette in the boot drive.
3.0 RUNNING TASM11
To invoke TASM11, type at the DOS ready prompt:
[d:]TASM11 [d:]fname.asm [option 1] [option 2] . . .
[d:] denotes optional drive specifiers where the TASM11 program or the source
file is to be found and [option] denotes optional output control switches. The
output files will always be directed to the currently logged drive.
fname.asm is the source code filename. There is no default source file
extension so the extension, if any, must be included when invoking TASM11.
Any number of output control options may follow the source file name and
these options can be in any order. Options must be separated by one or more
spaces.
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Normally, TASM11 generates two output files, a listing file and an object code
file. These files have the same name as the source code file with different
file extensions. The listing file has extension '.PRN' and the object code file
has extension '.MIK' or optionally '.HEX'. Object code files with extension '.MIK'
are in Motorola S record format and object code files with extension '.HEX' are
in Intel HEX format. The default format is '.MIK'
TASM11 is a two pass assembler, it must read the source file twice to complete
the generation of object code. On the first pass through the source file
statements TASM11 does only the work required to associate values with the
symbols that appear in the source file. The output files are generated on the
second pass. If errors are found on the first pass, error messages are displayed on
the screen and TASM11 terminates before attempting the second pass.
3.1 OUTPUT CONTROL SWITCHES
The output control switches are 3 letter mnemonics that are typed on the
command line following the source code filename when invoking TASM11. These
switches control the output generated by TASM11 as follows:
NLF
NO LISTING FILE - NLF can be used to prevent the generation
of the listing file. This switch might be used when first
assembling a source code file to see if the file assembles
without errors.
NOF
NO OBJECT FILE - NOF can be used to prevent the generation
of the object code file. It might be used in the same manner as NLF.
NST
NO SYMBOL TABLE - NST prevents the generation of the symbol
table. The symbol table is an alphabetical listing of all
symbols and their associated values. The symbol table is
appended to the end of the listing file.
LTP
LIST TO PRINTER - LTP can be used to send a copy of the
listing file to the printer.
HEX Changes the object code file format to INTEL HEX.
WOE WAIT ON ERROR - WOE is used to prevent error messages from
scrolling off the screen before they can be read. When used,
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assembly is halted after an error message has been sent to
the screen until the operator presses any key.
SPF
SUPPRESS PAGE FORMATTING - This switch is used to suppress
normal page formatting. TASM11 normally inserts a form feed
character into the listing file after each 64 lines (or after the number of lines
specified by the PGLEN pseudo-op) then it inserts 5 lines of page header
information into the listing file. See section 5.5. The SPF switch is used to
prevent this page formatting.
3.2 EXAMPLES
Some examples of invoking TASM11 follow. The examples assume that a source
code file named WIDGET.ASM exists.
Type at the DOS ready prompt:
TASM11 WIDET.ASM or tasm11 widget.asm
In this example no output control switches are used therefore a listing file
will be created on the currently logged drive named WIDGET.PRN and an object
code file will be created in Motorola S record format named WIDGET.MIK.
If we had typed at the DOS ready prompt:
TASM11 WIDGET.ASM HEX LTP
a listing file named WIDGET.PRN and an object code file named WIDGET.HEX in
Intel HEX format would have been created and a copy of the listing file would
have been sent to the printer.
If we had typed:
TASM11 WIDGET.ASM NOF NLF WOE
no output files would be created and if errors were detected in the source
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file the program would pause after displaying the error message until the
operator pressed any key.
4.0 TASM11 SOURCE FILES
Source code files compatible with TASM11 are standard PC-DOS ASCII text files. The
only control codes that can be present in the files are carriage return (CR), line feed
(LF) and horizontal tab characters.
These files may be created by the EDLIN text editor supplied with DOS but it is
recommended that a more sophisticated editor such as Personal Editor from IBM, Wordstar
used in the non-document mode or the Sidekick notepad editor be used.
The reader is encouraged to study the example listing in Appendix A to acquire an
understanding of source code syntax and format acceptable to TASM11.
Source files consist of a series of statements of one of the following forms where
[] denotes optional statement fragments:
[*comment]
or
[;comment]
symbol
symbol
OPCODE
OPCODE
PSEUDO-OP
PSEUDO-OP
[arguments]
[arguments]
[arguments]
[arguments]
[comment]
[comment]
[comment]
[comment]
PCODE is any standard 68HC11 operation code and must not start in the first column of a
statement. Opcodes can be either upper or lower case characters
or combinations of both. BRCLR and BrClr are considered the same by TASM11.
PSEUDO-OP is any TASM11 pseudo-operation and must not start in the first
column of a statement. TASM11 pseudo-ops are described later in this
document. They can be either upper or lower case characters or combinations
of both.
Symbols, if present, must start in column 1 of the statement, consist of 1 to 15
ASCII alphanumeric characters and begin with a letter, a period, or an
underscore. Capital letters are significant in symbol names. That is the
assembler will treat 'Dog', 'dog' and 'doG' as unique symbols.
Comments must be preceded by a semicolon (;) or an asteric (*) when they appear
on a line by themselves. Comments that appear as the last field of a line do
not have to be preceded by a semicolon or asteric but must be preceded by a
space or horizontal tab character and can not start with an expression
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operator character (+ - * /....).
The fields of a statement must be delimited by at least one space or a horizontal tab character.
The arguments portion of a statement consists of from 1 to 4 symbols, numeric
constants, character constants, expressions or combinations depending on the
OPCODE or PSEUDO-OP.
Constants consist of a sequence of characters optionally preceded by a radix
specifier. The default radix is ten. A radix of 16 may be specified by a leading
$ or by a trailing H. If a trailing H is used the first digit of the constant must
be a decimal digit.
As an example the numeric constant 15 may be specified as 15, $F, or as 0FH.
Constant examples:
One_hundred
One_hundred
One_hundred
One_hundred
Two_hundred
EQU 100
a decimal constant
EQU $64
a hexadecimal constant
EQU @144
an octal constant
EQU %1100100 a binary constant
EQU 0C8H
another form of hex constant
Character constants are enclosed in single or double quotes (' or ").
As an example, the statement:
TEXT DB "The quick brown fox."
is equivalent to the statement:
TEXT DB 'The quick brown fox.'
5.0 EXPRESSIONS
Expressions may consist of symbols, constants or the characters * or $ (* or
$ denote the current value of the program counter) joined together by one of
the operators: +-*/%&|^. The operators are the same as in C:
+
*
add
subtract
multiply
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/
%
&
|
^
divide
remainder after division
bitwise logical and
bitwise logical or
bitwise logical exclusive or
Expressions are evaluated left to right and there is no provision for
parenthesized expressions. Arithmetic is carried out in signed two's
compliment integer precision (16 bits on the IBM PC).
Constants are constructed as follows:
'
$
@
%
digits
followed by an ASCII character
followed by hexadecimal constant
followed by an octal constant
followed by a binary constant
decimal constant
Refer to the listing in appendix a for examples of correct expression syntax.
6.0 TASM11 PSEUDO-OPERATIONS
6.1 Storage Definition Pseudo-Ops
DEFINE BYTES
Symbol
DB Argument
or
DB Argument
The define bytes pseudo-op is used to initialize memory locations to the value
of the argument. It can also be used to associate a symbolic name to the
memory location.
The argument must be either a numeric constant or a character string
constant. Numeric constants must be a value between 0H and 0FFH.
Examples:
symbol
DB
DB
DB
DB
DB
$FF
0B3H
255
'How now brown cow'
"How now brown cow"
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DEFINE WORD
Symbol
DW Argument
or
DW Argument
The define word pseudo-op is used to initialize two consecutive memory
locations to the value of the argument. It can also be used to associate a
symbolic name to the first of 2 memory locations.
The argument must be a numeric constant with value between 0H and 0FFFFH.
Examples:
symbol
DW
DW
DW
DW
0
257
0FC49H
$FFFF
DEFINE STORAGE
Symbol
DS Argument
or
DS Argument
The define storage pseudo-op is used to reserve the number of consecutive
memory locations specified by the argument. It can also be used to associate a
symbolic name to the first of these memory locations.
The argument must be a numeric constant with value between 0 and 255.
The bytes reserved are not initialized.
Examples:
symbol
DS 10 ;reserves 10 bytes of storage
DS 10H ;reserves 16 bytes of storage
FORM CONSTANT BYTES
Symbol
FCB Argument
or
FCB Argument
The form constant bytes pseudo-op is used to initialize one or more memory
locations to the values specified by the argument. It can also be used to
associate a symbolic name to the memory location.
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The values of the argument must be either numeric constants, character
constants or symbol names that have been previously defined. The values of
the argument must be separated by commas. Numeric constants must be a value
between 0H and 0FFH.
Examples:
symbol
FCB $FF
FCB 0B3H, %01110000
FCB 1, 2, 3, 4
FORM DOUBLE BYTES
Symbol
FDB Argument
or
FDB Argument
The form double bytes pseudo-op is used to initialize two or more consecutive
memory locations to the values specified by the argument. It can also be used
to associate a symbolic name to the memory location. The values of the
argument must be either numeric constants, character constants or symbol
names that have been previously defined. The values of the argument must be
separated by commas. Numeric constants must be a value between 0H and
0FFFFH.
Examples:
symbol
FDB $FFFF
FDB 0B333H, %1110111001110000
FDB 1, 2, 3, 4
RESERVE MEMORY BYTES
RMB Argument
or
Symbol RMB Argument
The reserve memory bytes pseudo-op is used to reserve the number of
consecutive memory locations specified by the argument. It can also be used
to associate a symbolic name to the first of these memory locations.
The argument must be a numeric constant with value between 0 and 255.
The bytes reserved are not initialized.
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Examples:
symbol
RMB 10 ;reserves 10 bytes of storage
RMB 10H ;reserves 16 bytes of storage
BLOCK STORE ZEROS
Symbol
BSZ Argument
or
BSZ Argument
The block store zeros pseudo-op is used to reserve the number of consecutive
memory locations specified by the argument. It can also be used to associate a
symbolic name to the first of these memory locations.
The argument must be a numeric constant with value between 0 and 255.
The bytes reserved are each initialized to zero.
Examples:
symbol
BSZ 10 ;reserves 10 bytes of storage initialized to zero
BSZ 10H ;reserves 16 bytes of storage initialized to zero
ZERO MEMORY BYTES
Symbol
ZMB Argument
or
ZMB Argument
The zero memory bytes pseudo-op is the same as the BSZ pseudo-op described
above. It is included in TASM11 for compatibility with other assemblers.
FORM CONSTANT CHARACTERS
Symbol
FCC Argument
or
FCC Argument
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The form constant characters pseudo-op is used to initialize one or more
consecutive memory locations to the string characters specified by the
argument. The characters of the string must be delimited by (') or (").
Examples:
Symbol
FCC 'Now is the time for all good men. . .'
FCC "How now brown cow."
FILL
Symbol
FILL Argument1,Argument2
or
FILL Argument1,Argument2
The fill pseudo-op is used to fill the number of consecutive memory locations
specified by argument2 with the value specified by argument1. The arguments
must be separated by a comma. The value of argument1 must be between 0 and
255.
Examples:
Symbol
FILL $FF, 10
FILL 1,3
fills ten memory locations with 0FFH
fills three memory locations with one's.
6.2 ORG and END Pseudo-Ops
ORG argument
Set program origin. Sets the program counter to the value of the argument.
This statement must precede the first code generating statement in a source
file. Additional ORG pseudo-ops may be used throughout the source file to
create separate program fragments.
The argument may be a numeric constant or an expression as shown in the
examples below.
Examples:
ORG 100H
;sets origin to 256
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ORG
ORG
ORG
ORG
ORG
ORG
memsize
10 * 2
10 / 2
10 - 2
10 + 2
$+2
*+2
EQU 2 * 1024
ORG memsize - 8
;sets origin to 20
;sets origin to 5
;sets origin to 8
;sets origin to 12
;sets origin to current value of pc + 2
;sets origin to current value of pc + 2
Note that either $ or * may be used to
specify current program counter value.
;memsize = 2048
;sets origin to 2040
END argument
The END pseudo-op is an optional statement that can be included as the last
statement of the primary source file(INCLUDE files must not have an END
statement). If used, the value of the argument becomes the start address
specified by the end record of the object code file.
The argument must be a numeric or symbolic constant with value between 0H
and 0FFFFH.
Examples:
END 80H
start
EQU 80H
END start
6.3 Symbolic Constants
symbol
EQU argument
The EQU pseudo-op assigns the value of the argument to the symbol name. The
argument must be a numeric constant or an expression. Once defined by EQU the
symbolic name may be used throughout the source file in place of its value.
Once a symbol has been assigned a value by the EQU pseudo-op the same symbol
can not be assigned another value elsewhere in the source file. Symbolic
constants are constants!
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Examples:
PORTA
memsize
EQU
EQU
$1000
2 * 1024
ldx
bset
ORG
#PORTA
0,x $01
memsize - 10
6.4 Include Pseudo-OP
This pseudo-op causes the specified file to be processed as if its source
code statements were present in the main source file at the location of the
INCLUDE pseudo-op. Included files must not contain INCLUDE pseudo-ops.
Include files can not be nested! The main source file can contain any number of
INCLUDE pseudo-ops. Included files must not contain an END pseudo-op. If the
file to be included does not reside on the currently logged drive, the filename
must contain the drive specification.
Examples:
INCLUDE
INCLUDE
INCLUDE
B:MYFILE.ASM
EQUATES.ASM
A:TIMERISR.ASM
6.5 Listing Control Pseudo-Ops
PAGE
The PAGE (or optionally just PAG) pseudo-op causes a form feed character to
be inserted into the listing output file. This causes the printed listing to
skip to the top of the next page.
PGLEN
argument
The PGLEN pseudo-op sets the number of lines that will be printed on each
page of the listing to the value specified by the argument. The argument must
be a numeric constant.
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Examples:
PGLEN
PGLEN
55
66
TITLE
SBTTL
'text'
'text'
Each page of the listing file contains a heading at the top of the
page that is of the following form:
blank line
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V#.#
blank line
User specified title
User specified subtitle
blank line
The user specifies the text of the title and subtitle by means of the TITLE and
SBTTL pseudo-ops as shown in the following examples.
TITLE
SBTTL
'Text of users title goes here!'
'The text of the users subtitle goes here!'
NOLIST
The NOLIST pseudo-op can be used to prevent certain sections of the source
file from appearing in the listing file. All lines of the source file after the
NOLIST statement in encountered will not appear in the listing file unless a
LIST pseudo-op is encountered.
LIST
The LIST pseudo-op is used to resume the listing of source file lines in the
listing file after listing has been stopped with the NOLIST pseudo-op.
6.6 OPT PSEUDO-OP
The option (OPT) pseudo-op is included for compatibility with other
assemblers. Generally the same functions can be performed with other
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pseudo-ops. The syntax of the OPT pseudo-op is as follows:
OPT option
where the option is any of the following:
LIST
or
L
same as the LIST pseudo-op
NOLIST
or
NOL
same as the NOLIST pseudo-op
CYCLES
or
C
does nothing in TASM11
NOCYCLES
or
NOC
does nothing in TASM11
CONTCYCLES
or
CONTC
does nothing in TASM11
Examples:
OPT LIST
OPT NOLIST
6.7 NULL PSEUDO-OPS
Null pseudo-ops are included in TASM11 for compatibility with other
assemblers. TASM11 recognizes them so that errors will not be generated but
the program performs no functions when thay are encountered.
The NULL PSEUDO-OPS are:
NAME
NAM
SPC
CYCLES
NOCYCLES
CONTCYCLES
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7.0 ERROR MESSAGES
Source files must assemble with no errors before the generated code can be
trusted. When no errors are found, TASM11 prints the message
"Assembly complete . . . errors = 0, warnings = 0."
on the video screen and includes this message at the end of the listing file.
When errors are detected a message is displayed on the video screen and an
error message is included in the listing file on the line above the line in which
the error was detected. Error messages sent to the video screen include a
description of the error, the line number of the line in error and the name of
the file that contains the line in error. Only one error is detected per line.
Before the program ends it prints a message that indicates how many lines
contained errors.
TASM11 is a two pass assembler. Pass 1 must be completed without errors
before pass 2 is started. Errors detected on pass 1 are displayed on the video
screen only since the output files are generated on pass 2. If no errors are
detected during pass 1 TASM11 prints the message "Starting Pass 2 . . ." on the
video screen.
7.1 Fatal Errors
Fatal errors are errors serious enough that the assembler can not continue
to assemble the source statements. When a fatal error is detected TASM11
prints the error message on the video screen then exits to DOS.
Fatal error messages and causes are listed below.
"Fatal error - Error - can't open fname"
This message is displayed when the main source file typed when invoking TASM11
can not be opened. The file name may have been typed incorrectly or the file
may not reside on the currently logged drive or the specified drive.
"FATAL ERROR, couldn't open include file fname
This message is displayed when an include file can't be opened. The file name
may have been typed incorrectly in the main source file or the file may not
reside on the currently logged drive or the specified drive.
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"Fatal error - Error - source file name must follow program name!"
This message is displayed when the operator fails to type the name of the
source code file after TASM11 when invoking the assembler.
"Fatal error - error writing listing file, check disk space!"
"Fatal ERROR writing to disk - check disk space. . ."
"Fatal error - Can't open output listing file - check disk space"
"Fatal error - Can't open output object code file - check disk space"
These errors may occur part of the way through an assembly if all of the
available disk space on the currently logged drive is used. To correct this
error more space will have to be made available on the currently logged drive.
"Fatal error - No mem for fwd. refs
"Fatal error - No space for fwd. refs
These errors may occur if your machine does not have enough available memory
to store the required information for the forward references in the source
file being assembled. To correct the problem the number of forward references
in the source file must be reduced. Currently, TASM11 allocates space for 500
forward references.
Fatal error - Error in Mnemonic table
If this error appears, the TASM11.EXE program file has been corrupted. A new
copy of the program will have to be obtained from a backup copy or from The
Engineers Collaborative, Inc..
7.2 Non-Fatal Errors
Non-fatal errors are errors that are detected but not serious enough to
cause termination of the assembly. They most certainly are serious enough to
prevent the program under development from performing its intended function
however.
A list of non-fatal errors and probable causes are as follows:
These error messages will appear in the listing file on the line above the
source statement in which the error was detected. When displayed on the video
screen the line number in which the error occurred and the name of file
containing the line in error will be printed in front of the error message.
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"Unrecognized Mnemonic"
"Undefined Pseudo Operation"
Indicates an invalid opcode field in the source code statement. The opcode or
pseudo-op was misspelled or not separated from other fields of the source
statement by spaces or tab characters.
"Symbol Redefined"
An attempt was made to change the definition of an already defined symbol.
This can happen if more than one source statement has been given the same
label or symbol name.
"Illegal Symbol Name"
The symbol field contains a symbol that contains characters other than the
alphanumeric ASCII characters or the symbol name starts with a character
other than the alpha characters or the underscore or the period.
"Out of memory space for the symbol table."
Your machine does not contain enough available memory space to contain the
symbol table. The number of symbols must be reduced or the amount of
available memory increased.
"Symbol Undefined on Pass 2"
The most probable cause of this error is that a symbol name was referred to in
the arguments field of a source statement but never appeared in the symbol
field of another source statement.
As an example, if we had the source statement
JMP
WATCHDOG
and no source statement had WATCHDOG in the symbol field then we would get an
undefined symbol error when TASM11 read the JMP statement on pass 2 of the
assembly.
"Undefined operand on Pass One"
The operands for the EQU and ORG statements must be defined on pass 1 and
must occur in the source file before they are used.
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"Branch out of Range"
Target addresses for the relative branch instructions must be within -128 to
+127 bytes of the first byte of the instruction following the branch
instruction. This error indicates that the target address of the branch is
outside these limits.
"Immediate Addressing Illegal"
"Extended Addressing not allowed"
"Unknown Addressing Mode"
These errors are generated when an illegal or unrecognizeable addressing
mode is detected for certain operation codes.
"SYNTAX"
This is a catch all error message that indicates that the assembler found
something that it did not understand but is so confused that it can not give a
more specific error message.
"Phasing error"
Lets hope this error never occurs. It indicates that assumptions made by the
assembler on pass 1 were proven invalid on pass 2. If this error occurs check
for possible problems related to the size of forward references. Rearrange
your code and try again!
"Missing Delimiter"
"Missing Delimiter Character"
These errors occur with the DB or FCC pseudo-ops when the delimiter
character is missing from the end of a string constant.
"EQU requires lable"
An EQU pseudo-op was found that did not have a symbol field. EQU statements
must have a symbol with which to equate the value specified by the operand
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field.
"Bad fill"
A FILL pseudo-op was found that did not have the proper operands. The FILL
spseudo-op requires two operands separated by a comma.
"Unrecognized OPT"
An OPT pseudo-op was found with an invalid argument or operand.
7.3 WARNING ERRORS
Warning errors are generated when the assembler finds unexpected values or
statement syntax in the source file. The resulting code generated may or may
not be correct. Source files should be corrected so that no warnings errors
occur before the generated code is trusted.
A list of warning errors and possible causes are as follows:
"Value Truncated"
An operand was encountered that was larger than 255 when a byte value was
expected. The value was truncated to fit in a byte.
Indexed Addressing Assumed"
Incorrect indexed addressing syntax was found and the indexed addressing
mode was assumed.
"Continuation too long"
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To eliminate this warning make sure that each source statement is complete on
one line.
8.0 68HC11 ADDRESSING MODES
A summary of 68HC11 addressing modes and instruction syntax is provided in
this section. The reader is referred to the publications listed in the
introduction for additional information. Appendix A contains an actual
assembly listing of all the 68HC11 instructions and the addressing modes
available for each instruction. This listing should be used to provide more
comprehensive examples of proper 68HC11 source code syntax.
8.1 Inherent Addressing
Inherent addressing instructions contain the operand information implicitly.
These are one byte instructions such as:
ROLA
ASLA
;Rotate the A register left thru carry
;Arithmetic shift left the A register
8.2 Immediate Addressing
In immediate addressing the operand data is contained in the byte(s) following
the opcode byte. Immediate addressing is designated by a leading "#".
LDA #7
LDX #large
;load the A register with the number 7.
;load the X register with the value of the symbol
;large
8.3 Direct Addressing
In direct addressing the address of the operand is contained in the byte
following the instruction opcode. Since the address in contained in one byte,
direct addressing can only be used to access memory locations in the first
page of memory (addresses 0 - 255). The operand field must contain a numeric
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or symbolic constant.
LDA
0
LDB
small
;load the A register with the contents of
;memory location 0
;load the B register with the contents of
;the memory location specified by small.
8.4 Extended Addressing
In extended addressing the address of the operand is contained in the two
bytes following the instruction opcode. Extended addressing can be used to
access any memory location. The operand field must contain a numeric or
symbolic constant.
LDA
256
LDX
large
;load the A register with the contents of
;memory location 256
;load the X register with the contents of
;the memory location specified by large.
8.5 Indexed Addressing
In the indexed addressing mode, one of the index registers(x or y) is used in
calculating the effective address. In this case the effective address is
variable and depends on two factors. 1) the current contents of the index
register(x or y) being used and 2) the the 8 bit unsigned offset contained in
the instruction.
SMALL
EQU
20
LDX
LDA
#SMALL
0,X
LDA
7,X
;load the A reg
;with the contents of address 20
;load the A reg
;with the contents of address 27
8.6 Relative Addressing
Relative addressing is used by the branch instructions and by the bit test and
branch instructions BRCLR and BRSET. In relative addressing, the last byte of
the instruction is added to the program counter to obtain the address of the
next instruction if the branch is taken.
The target address of the branch must be within -128 to +127 bytes of the
program counter value following the branch instruction. TASM11 calculates the
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value of the byte to added to the pc value and generates a "branch out of
range" error message if these limits are exceeded.
BCS
timer
;branch to the inst labeled "timer" if the
;carry flag is set
ldx #$1000
;load x with address of port a
brclr 0,x $81 timer
;branch to the inst labeled "timer" if
;bits 7 and 1 of port a are zero.
9.0 OUTPUT FILE FORMAT
9.1 Listing file format
Each line of the listing file generated by TASM11 can be a maximum of 132
characters long. The text from each line of the source code file is copied to
the corresponding line of the listing file starting at column 16. To create neat
appearing printed listing files the user must be aware that each listing file
line will be 16 columns longer than the source file lines. If listing files will be
printed with 80 column lines then the text of the source file lines should
occupy 64 columns or less. If listing files will be printed with 132 column lines
then the text of the source file lines should occupy 116 columns or less. It is
up to the user to set up his printer for the most appropriate line length.
Columns 2 - 5 of a listing file line contain a 4 character hexadecimal number
that corresponds to the current value of the program counter.
Columns 7 - 14 contain the hexadecimal representation of the code generated
by TASM11.
Each page of the listing file contains a 6 line heading as explained in the
description of the TITLE and SBTTL pseudo-ops.
At the end of the listing file is the alphabetical listing of all symbols and
their associated values in hexadecimal representation.
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9.2 Motorola S-record Object File Format
Each line of this file has the following format:
Bytes 1 & 2"S1
3&4
The number of data bytes in this record + 3.
5&6
Load Address - high byte
7&8
Load Address - low byte
9..X
Data bytes, 2 characters each
X+1 & X+2 checksum
X+3 & X+4 carriage return and linefeed
The last record in the file is the same as above except that it starts with "S9
and the load address field contains the program starting address when
specified by an END pseudo-op in the source file. This field contains zero
otherwise.
The checksum is the ones-compliment of the 8 bit sum without carry of the
byte count, the load address and the data bytes.
9.3 Intel HEX Object File Format
Each line of this file has the following format:
Bytes 1
Colon (:)
2&3
Number of data bytes in this record
4 & 5 Load Address - high byte
6&7
Load Address - low byte
8&9
Unused - "00"
10 - X
Data bytes - 2 characters each
X+1 & X+2
checksum
X+3 & x+4
carriage return and linefeed
The last line of the file is similar to that described above except the number
of data bytes is 0 and the load address is the program starting address if
specified by an END pseudo-op in the source file. This field is zero otherwise.
The checksum is the twos compliment of the 8 bit sum without carry of all the
data bytes, the load address and the byte count.
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APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
FFFF
0000
E000
B600
FFC0
;******************************************************************************
;**
Test File - Fname = TEST11.ASM
**
;**
12/17/87
**
;******************************************************************************
; This is a comment line!
* This is another form of comment line!
; The following show the syntax of pseudo-ops whose source lines do not show
; up in the listing file. Use as shown without comment char to start the line.
;
;
INCLUDE A:MYFILE.ASM
;include MYFILE.ASM
;
TITLE'Title text'
;specify the page header title
;
SBTTL'Subtitle text'
;specify the page header subtitle
;
PGLEN64
;print 64 lines per page
;
NOLIST
;turn listing off
;
LIST
;turn listing on
;
OPT NOLIST
;another way to turn listing off
;
PAGE
;force a page break
;
;Equate examples
memory_size
EQU
64 * 1024 - 1
;EXPRESSION EXAMPLE
ram_memory
equ
0
;start of ram memory
rom_memory
equ
$e000
;start of rom memory
eeprom_memory equ
$b600
;start of eeprom memory
irq_vectors
equ
$ffc0
;
1122
0003
00C3
1000
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
100A
100B
WORD
BYTE
MASK
REGISTERS
PORTA
RESERVED
PIOC
PORTC
PORTB
PORTCL
RESERVED2
DDRC
PORTD
DDRD
PORTE
CFORC
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
1122H
3
$c3
$1000
REGISTERS
REGISTERS+1
REGISTERS+2
REGISTERS+3
REGISTERS+4
REGISTERS+5
REGISTERS+6
REGISTERS+7
REGISTERS+8
REGISTERS+9
REGISTERS+10
REGISTERS+11
;16 BIT CONSTANT
; 8 BIT CONSTANT
;
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100C
100D
100E
100F
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
101A
101B
101C
OC1M
OC1D
TCNT
TCNT1
TIC1
TIC11
TIC2
TIC22
TIC3
TIC33
TOC1
TOC11
TOC2
TOC22
TOC3
TOC33
TOC4
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
REGISTERS+12
REGISTERS+13
REGISTERS+14
REGISTERS+15
REGISTERS+16
REGISTERS+17
REGISTERS+18
REGISTERS+19
REGISTERS+20
REGISTERS+21
REGISTERS+22
REGISTERS+23
REGISTERS+24
REGISTERS+25
REGISTERS+26
REGISTERS+27
REGISTERS+28
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The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
101D
101E
101F
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
102A
102B
102C
102D
102E
102F
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
103A
103B
103C
103D
103E
103F
TOC44
TOC5
TOC55
TCTL1
TCTL2
TMSK1
TFLG1
TMSK2
TFLG2
PACTL
PACNT
SPCR
SPSR
SPDR
BAUD
SCCR1
SCCR2
SCSR
SCDR
ADCTL
ADR1
ADR2
ADR3
ADR4
RESERVED3
RESERVED4
RESERVED5
RESERVED6
OPTION
COPRST
PPROG
HPRIO
INIT
TEST1
CONFIG
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
REGISTERS+29
REGISTERS+30
REGISTERS+31
REGISTERS+32
REGISTERS+33
REGISTERS+34
REGISTERS+35
REGISTERS+36
REGISTERS+37
REGISTERS+38
REGISTERS+39
REGISTERS+40
REGISTERS+41
REGISTERS+42
REGISTERS+43
REGISTERS+44
REGISTERS+45
REGISTERS+46
REGISTERS+47
REGISTERS+48
REGISTERS+49
REGISTERS+50
REGISTERS+51
REGISTERS+52
REGISTERS+53
REGISTERS+54
REGISTERS+55
REGISTERS+56
REGISTERS+57
REGISTERS+58
REGISTERS+59
REGISTERS+60
REGISTERS+61
REGISTERS+62
REGISTERS+63
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APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
0001
0001
0001
0001
0006
0007
000A
0002
0080
0005
0007
0006
ONE
ONE_1
One
One_1
Six
SEVEN
TEN
TWO
_128
FIVE
SEVEN_1
Complex
;
E000
E000
E001
E003
E005
E00F
E013
E01B
E025
E02D
E035
00
0000
00010203
00000001
00020003
48656C6C
6FE020 48656C6C
6F
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
FFFFFFFF
FFFFFFFF
FFFF
;
E049
E053
E053 4E6F7720
69732074
68652074
696D6520
666F7220
616C6C20
676F6F64
206D656E
202E202E
202E
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
EQU
equ
;expression examples
3-2
this is a comment
3 - 2
another comment
1 + 0
still another comment
$10 - 15
still another comment
3*2
multiply
Six+1
add
20/2
divide
8% 3
remainder after division
$FF & $80 bitwise AND
4 |1
bitwise OR
5 ^ 2
bitwise XOR
ONE+ONE_1*Six/TWO =6 (expressions are evaluated left to right)
ORG
rom_memory
DB
DW
DS
RMB
FCB
FDB
0
0
2
10
0,1,2,3
0,1,2,3
ORIGINATE AT ADDRESS 0
;EXAMPLES OF STORAGE DEFINITION PSEUDO-OPS
define byte example
define word example
define storage example, reserves 2 bytes
reserve 10 memory bytes
form constant bytes
form double bytes
FCC
DB
'Hello'
'Hello'
form constant characters
another way to do it!
ZMB
8
zero 8 memory bytes
BSZ
8
another way to do it!
FILL
0FFH, 10
fill ten bytes with 0ffH
ORG
$ + 10
;ORG WITH EXPRESSION
ORG
* + 10
another way to do it!
MESSAGEDB'Now is the time for all good men . . .' a long message
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APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E079 1B
E07A 3A
E07B 183A
;******************************************************************************
;**THE FOLLOWING IS AN ASSEMBLY OF ALL 68HC11 OPCODES AND ADDRESSING MODES
**
;******************************************************************************
;
START
ABA
;ADD ACCUMULATORS
ABX
;ADD B TO X
ABY
;ADD B TO Y
;ADD WITH CARRY TO A
ADCA
#BYTE
;IMMEDIATE
ADCA
BYTE
;DIRECT
ADCA
WORD
;EXTENDED
ADCA
0,X
;INDEXED BY X
ADCA
0,Y
;INDEXED BY Y
ADCA
BYTE,X
;INDEXED BY X
ADCA
BYTE,Y
;INDEXED BY Y
E07D
E07F
E081
E084
E086
E089
E08B
8903
9903
B91122
A900
18A900
A903
18A903
E08E
E090
E092
E095
E097
E09A
E09C
C903
D903
F91122
E900
18E900
E903
18E903
ADCB
ADCB
ADCB
ADCB
ADCB
ADCB
ADCB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ADD WITH CARRY TO B
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
8B03
9B03
BB1122
AB00
18AB00
AB03
18AB03
ADDA
ADDA
ADDA
ADDA
ADDA
ADDA
ADDA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ADD MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
TO A
E09F
E0A1
E0A3
E0A6
E0A8
E0AB
E0AD
CB03
DB03
FB1122
EB00
18EB00
EB03
18EB03
ADDB
ADDB
ADDB
ADDB
ADDB
ADDB
ADDB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ADD MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
TO B
E0B0
E0B2
E0B4
E0B7
E0B9
E0BC
E0BE
C31122
D303
F31122
E300
18E300
E303
18E303
ADDD
ADDD
ADDD
ADDD
ADDD
ADDD
ADDD
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ADD 16 BIT
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
TO D
E0C1
E0C4
E0C6
E0C9
E0CB
E0CE
E0D0
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X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
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APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E0D3
E0D5
E0D7
E0DA
E0DC
E0DF
E0E1
8403
9403
B41122
A400
18A400
A403
18A403
ANDA
ANDA
ANDA
ANDA
ANDA
ANDA
ANDA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;AND A WITH
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
E0E4
E0E6
E0E8
E0EB
E0ED
E0F0
E0F2
C403
D403
F41122
E400
18E400
E403
18E403
ANDB
ANDB
ANDB
ANDB
ANDB
ANDB
ANDB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;AND B WITH
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
48
58
05
781122
6800
186800
6803
186803
ASLA
ASLB
ASLD
ASL
ASL
ASL
ASL
ASL
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ARITHMETIC
;A INHERENT
;B INHERENT
;D INHERENT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
SHIFT LEFT
E0F5
E0F6
E0F7
E0F8
E0FB
E0FD
E100
E102
47
57
771122
6700
186700
6703
186703
ASRA
ASRB
ASR
ASR
ASR
ASR
ASR
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ARITHMETIC
;A INHERENT
;B INHERENT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
SHIFT RIGHT
E105
E106
E107
E10A
E10C
E10F
E111
E114 24FE
BCC
$
;BRANCH IF CARRY CLEAR
E116
E119
E11C
E120
E123
1503C3
1D00C3
181D00C3
1D03C3
181D03C3
BCLR
BCLR
BCLR
BCLR
BCLR
BYTE MASK
0,X MASK
0,Y MASK
BYTE,X MASK
BYTE,Y MASK
;CLEAR BIT(S)
;DIRECT
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E127
E129
E12B
E12D
E12F
E131
25FE
27FE
2CFE
2EFE
22FE
24FE
BCS
BEQ
BGE
BGT
BHI
BHS
$
$
$
$
$
$
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
IF
IF
IF
IF
IF
IF
MEMORY
X
Y
X
Y
MEMORY
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
CARRY SET
ZERO
>= ZERO
> ZERO
HIGHER
HIGHER OR SAME
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APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E133
E135
E137
E13A
E13C
E13F
E141
8503
9503
B51122
A500
18A500
A503
18A503
BITA
BITA
BITA
BITA
BITA
BITA
BITA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;BIT(S) TEST A WITH MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E144
E146
E148
E14B
E14D
E150
E152
C503
D503
F51122
E500
18E500
E503
18E503
BITB
BITB
BITB
BITB
BITB
BITB
BITB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;BIT(S) TEST B WITH MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E155
E157
E159
E15B
E15D
E15F
E161
E163
2FFE
25FE
23FE
2DFE
2BFE
26FE
2AFE
20FE
BLE
BLO
BLS
BLT
BMI
BNE
BPL
BRA
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
;BRANCH
E165 1303C3FC
E169 1F00C3FC
E16D 181F00C3
FB
E172 1F03C3FC
E176 181F03C3
FB
BRCLR
BRCLR
BRCLR
BYTE MASK $
0,X MASK $
0,Y MASK $
;BRANCH IF BIT(S) CLEAR
;DIRECT
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
BRCLR
BRCLR
BYTE,X MASK $
BYTE,Y MASK $
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E17B 21FE
BRN
$
;BRANCH NEVER
E17D 1203C3FC
E181 1E00C3FC
E185 181E00C3
FB
E18A 1E03C3FC
E18E 181E03C3
FB
BRSET
BRSET
BRSET
BYTE MASK $
0,X MASK $
0,Y MASK $
;BRANCH IF BIT(S) SET
;DIRECT
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
BRSET
BRSET
BYTE,X MASK $
BYTE,Y MASK $
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E193
E196
E199
E19D
E1A0
BSET
BSET
BSET
BSET
BSET
BYTE MASK
0,X MASK
0,Y MASK
BYTE,X MASK
BYTE,Y MASK
;SET BIT(S)
;DIRECT
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
BSR
BVC
BVS
$
$
$
;BRANCH TO SUBROUTINE
;BRANCH IF OVERFLOW CLEAR
;BRANCH IF OVERFLOW SET
1403C3
1C00C3
181C00C3
1C03C3
181C03C3
E1A4 8DFE
E1A6 28FE
E1A8 29FE
IF <= ZERO
IF LOWER
IF LOWER OR SAME
IF < ZERO
IF MINUS
IF != ZERO
IF PLUS
ALWAYS
X
Y
X
Y
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E1AA 11
E1AB 0C
E1AC 0E
CBA
CLC
CLI
E1AD
E1B0
E1B2
E1B5
E1B7
CLR
CLR
CLR
CLR
CLR
7F1122
6F00
186F00
6F03
186F03
;COMPARE A TO B
;CLEAR CARRY BIT
;CLEAR INTERRUPT MASK
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;CLEAR MEMORY BYTE
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E1BA 4F
E1BB 5F
CLRA
CLRB
;CLEAR A
;CLEAR B
E1BC 0A
CLV
;CLEAR OVERFLOW FLAG
E1BD
E1BF
E1C1
E1C4
E1C6
E1C9
E1CB
8103
9103
B11122
A100
18A100
A103
18A103
CMPA
CMPA
CMPA
CMPA
CMPA
CMPA
CMPA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;COMPARE A TO MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E1CE
E1D0
E1D2
E1D5
E1D7
E1DA
E1DC
C103
D103
F11122
E100
18E100
E103
18E103
CMPB
CMPB
CMPB
CMPB
CMPB
CMPB
CMPB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;COMPARE B TO MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E1DF
E1E0
E1E1
E1E4
E1E6
E1E9
E1EB
43
53
731122
6300
186300
6303
186303
COMA
COMB
COM
COM
COM
COM
COM
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;COMPLIMENT
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
E1EE
E1F2
E1F5
E1F9
E1FC
E1FF
E202
1A831122
1A9303
1AB31122
1AA300
CDA300
1AA303
CDA303
CPD
CPD
CPD
CPD
CPD
CPD
CPD
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;COMPARE D TO MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
X
Y
X
Y
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E205
E208
E20A
E20D
E20F
E212
E214
8C1122
9C03
BC1122
AC00
CDAC00
AC03
CDAC03
CPX
CPX
CPX
CPX
CPX
CPX
CPX
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;COMPARE X TO MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E217
E21B
E21E
E222
E225
E228
E22B
188C1122
189C03
18BC1122
1AAC00
18AC00
1AAC03
18AC03
CPY
CPY
CPY
CPY
CPY
CPY
CPY
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;COMPARE Y TO MEMORY
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E22E 19
DAA
;DECIMAL ADJUST A
E22F
E230
E231
E234
E236
E239
E23B
DECA
DECB
DEC
DEC
DEC
DEC
DEC
;DECREMENT
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
4A
5A
7A1122
6A00
186A00
6A03
186A03
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
E23E 34
E23F 09
E240 1809
DES
DEX
DEY
E242
E244
E246
E249
E24B
E24E
E250
8803
9803
B81122
A800
18A800
A803
18A803
EORA
EORA
EORA
EORA
EORA
EORA
EORA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;XOR A WITH
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
E253
E255
E257
E25A
E25C
E25F
E261
C803
D803
F81122
E800
18E800
E803
18E803
EORB
EORB
EORB
EORB
EORB
EORB
EORB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;XOR B WITH
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
E264 03
E265 02
X
Y
X
Y
;DECREMENT STACK POINTER
;DECREMENT X
;DECREMENT Y
FDIV
IDIV
MEMORY
X
Y
X
Y
MEMORY
X
Y
X
Y
;FRACTIONAL DIVIDE 16 BY 16
;INTEGER DIVIDE 16 BY 16
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E266
E267
E268
E26B
E26D
E270
E272
4C
5C
7C1122
6C00
186C00
6C03
186C03
INCA
INCB
INC
INC
INC
INC
INC
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;INCREMENT
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E275 31
E276 08
E277 1808
INS
INX
INY
;INCREMENT STACK POINTER
;INCREMENT X
;INCREMENT Y
E279
E27C
E27E
E281
E283
7E1122
6E00
186E00
6E03
186E03
JMP
JMP
JMP
JMP
JMP
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;JUMP
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
E286
E288
E28B
E28D
E290
E292
9D03
BD1122
AD00
18AD00
AD03
18AD03
JSR
JSR
JSR
JSR
JSR
JSR
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;JUMP TO SUBROUTINE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E295
E297
E299
E29C
E29E
E2A1
E2A3
8603
9603
B61122
A600
18A600
A603
18A603
LDAA
LDAA
LDAA
LDAA
LDAA
LDAA
LDAA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOAD ACCUM
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
C603
D603
F61122
E600
18E600
E603
18E603
LDAB
LDAB
LDAB
LDAB
LDAB
LDAB
LDAB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOAD ACCUM
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
B
E2A6
E2A8
E2AA
E2AD
E2AF
E2B2
E2B4
CC1122
DC03
FC1122
EC00
18EC00
EC03
18EC03
LDD
LDD
LDD
LDD
LDD
LDD
LDD
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOAD ACCUM
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
D
E2B7
E2BA
E2BC
E2BF
E2C1
E2C4
E2C6
X
Y
X
Y
A
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
X
Y
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E2C9
E2CC
E2CE
E2D1
E2D3
E2D6
E2D8
8E1122
9E03
BE1122
AE00
18AE00
AE03
18AE03
LDS
LDS
LDS
LDS
LDS
LDS
LDS
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOAD STACK
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
POINTER
X
Y
X
Y
E2DB
E2DE
E2E0
E2E3
E2E5
E2E8
E2EA
CE1122
DE03
FE1122
EE00
CDEE00
EE03
CDEE03
LDX
LDX
LDX
LDX
LDX
LDX
LDX
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOAD X
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E2ED
E2F1
E2F4
E2F8
E2FB
E2FE
E301
18CE1122
18DE03
18FE1122
1AEE00
18EE00
1AEE03
18EE03
LDY
LDY
LDY
LDY
LDY
LDY
LDY
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOAD Y
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E304
E305
E306
E307
E30A
E30C
E30F
E311
48
58
05
781122
6800
186800
6803
186803
LSLA
LSLB
LSLD
LSL
LSL
LSL
LSL
LSL
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOGICAL SHIFT LEFT
;A
;B
;D
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E314
E315
E316
E317
E31A
E31C
E31F
E321
44
54
04
741122
6400
186400
6403
186403
LSRA
LSRB
LSRD
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;LOGICAL SHIFT RIGHT
;A
;B
;D
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E324 3D
MUL
;MULTIPLY 8 X 8
E325
E326
E327
E32A
E32C
E32F
E331
NEGA
NEGB
NEG
NEG
NEG
NEG
NEG
;NEGATE(2'S
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
40
50
701122
6000
186000
6003
186003
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
COMPLIMENT)
X
Y
X
Y
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E334 01
NOP
;NO OPERATION
E335
E337
E339
E33C
E33E
E341
E343
8A03
9A03
BA1122
AA00
18AA00
AA03
18AA03
ORAA
ORAA
ORAA
ORAA
ORAA
ORAA
ORAA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;OR ACCUM A
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E346
E348
E34A
E34D
E34F
E352
E354
CA03
DA03
FA1122
EA00
18EA00
EA03
18EA03
ORAB
ORAB
ORAB
ORAB
ORAB
ORAB
ORAB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;OR ACCUM B
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E357
E358
E359
E35A
E35C
E35D
E35E
E35F
36
37
3C
183C
32
33
38
1838
PSHA
PSHB
PSHX
PSHY
PULA
PULB
PULX
PULY
;PUSH
;PUSH
;PUSH
;PUSH
;PULL
;PULL
;PULL
;PULL
E361
E362
E363
E366
E368
E36B
E36D
49
59
791122
6900
186900
6903
186903
ROLA
ROLB
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ROTATE LEFT
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E370
E371
E372
E375
E377
E37A
E37C
46
56
761122
6600
186600
6603
186603
RORA
RORB
ROR
ROR
ROR
ROR
ROR
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;ROTATE RIGHT
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
A
B
X
Y
A
B
X
Y
ONTO
ONTO
ONTO
ONTO
FROM
FROM
FROM
FROM
STACK
STACK
STACK
STACK
STACK
STACK
STACK
STACK
E37F 3B
E380 39
RTI
RTS
;RETURN FROM INTERRUPT
;RETURN FROM SUBROUTINE
E381 10
SBA
;SUBTRACT B FROM A
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
Page
40
TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E382
E384
E386
E389
E38B
E38E
E390
8203
9203
B21122
A200
18A200
A203
18A203
SBCA
SBCA
SBCA
SBCA
SBCA
SBCA
SBCA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;SUBTRACT WITH CARRY FROM A
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E393
E395
E397
E39A
E39C
E39F
E3A1
C203
D203
F21122
E200
18E200
E203
18E203
SBCB
SBCB
SBCB
SBCB
SBCB
SBCB
SBCB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;SUBTRACT WITH CARRY FROM B
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E3A4 0D
E3A5 0F
E3A6 0B
SEC
SEI
SEV
;SET CARRY FLAG
;SET INTERRUPT MASK
;SET OVERFLOW FLAG
E3A7
E3A9
E3AC
E3AE
E3B1
E3B3
9703
B71122
A700
18A700
A703
18A703
STAA
STAA
STAA
STAA
STAA
STAA
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;STORE ACCUM A
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E3B6
E3B8
E3BB
E3BD
E3C0
E3C2
D703
F71122
E700
18E700
E703
18E703
STAB
STAB
STAB
STAB
STAB
STAB
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;STORE ACCUM B
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E3C5
E3C7
E3CA
E3CC
E3CF
E3D1
DD03
FD1122
ED00
18ED00
ED03
18ED03
STD
STD
STD
STD
STD
STD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;STORE ACCUM D
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E3D4 CF
STOP
E3D5
E3D7
E3DA
E3DC
E3DF
E3E1
STS
STS
STS
STS
STS
STS
9F03
BF1122
AF00
18AF00
AF03
18AF03
;STOP INTERNAL CLOCKS
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;STORE STACK POINTER
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
Page
41
TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
E3E4
E3E6
E3E9
E3EB
E3EE
E3F0
DF03
FF1122
EF00
CDEF00
EF03
CDEF03
STX
STX
STX
STX
STX
STX
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;STORE X
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E3F3
E3F6
E3FA
E3FD
E400
E403
18DF03
18FF1122
1AEF00
18EF00
1AEF03
18EF03
STY
STY
STY
STY
STY
STY
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;STORE Y
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
;INDEXED BY
X
Y
X
Y
E406
E408
E40A
E40D
E40F
E412
E414
8003
9003
B01122
A000
18A000
A003
18A003
SUBA
SUBA
SUBA
SUBA
SUBA
SUBA
SUBA
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;SUBTRACT MEMORY FROM A
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E417
E419
E41B
E41E
E420
E423
E425
C003
D003
F01122
E000
18E000
E003
18E003
SUBB
SUBB
SUBB
SUBB
SUBB
SUBB
SUBB
#BYTE
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;SUBTRACT MEMORY FROM B
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E428
E42B
E42D
E430
E432
E435
E437
831122
9303
B31122
A300
18A300
A303
18A303
SUBD
SUBD
SUBD
SUBD
SUBD
SUBD
SUBD
#WORD
BYTE
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
;SUBTRACT MEMORY FROM D
;IMMEDIATE
;DIRECT
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E43A 3F
SWI
;SOFTWARE INTERRUPT
E43B
E43C
E43D
E43E
TAB
TAP
TBA
TPA
;TRANSFER
;TRANSFER
;TRANSFER
;TRANSFER
16
06
17
07
A TO B
A TO CC REGISTER
B TO A
CC REGISTER TO A
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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42
TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
The Engineers Collaborative, Inc. 68HC11 Cross Assembler V1.0
APPENDIX A - TASM11 REFERENCE MANUAL
TASM11 SOURCE FILE SYNTAX, OPCODES & ADDRESSING MODE EXAMPLES
;TEST FOR ZERO OR MINUS
;A
;B
;EXTENDED
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
;INDEXED BY X
;INDEXED BY Y
E43F
E440
E441
E444
E446
E449
E44B
4D
5D
7D1122
6D00
186D00
6D03
186D03
TSTA
TSTB
TST
TST
TST
TST
TST
E44E
E44F
E451
E452
30
1830
35
1835
TSX
TSY
TXS
TYS
;TRANSFER
;TRANSFER
;TRNASFER
;TRNASFER
E454 3E
WAI
;WAIT FOR INTERRUPT
E455 8F
E456 188F
XGDX
XGDY
;EXCHANGE D WITH X
;EXCHANGE D WITH Y
FFC0
FFC0
FFC2
FFC4
FFC6
FFC8
FFCA
FFCC
FFCE
FFD0
FFD2
FFD4
FFD6
FFD8
FFDA
FFDC
FFDE
FFE0
FFE2
FFE4
FFE6
FFE8
FFEA
FFEC
FFEE
FFF0
FFF2
FFF4
FFF6
FFF8
FFFA
FFFC
FFFE
E079
ORG
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
DW
END
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
E079
WORD
0,X
0,Y
BYTE,X
BYTE,Y
irq_vectors
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
START
STACK POINTER TO X
STACK POINTER TO Y
X TO STACK POINTER
Y TO STACK POINTER
;VECTORS
;reserved
;reserved 1
;reserved 2
;reserved 3
;reserved 4
;reserved 5
;reserved 6
;reserved 7
;reserved 8
;reserved 9
;reserved 10
;sci serial system
;spi serial transfer complete
;pulse accumulator input edge
;pulse accumulator overflow
;timer overflow
;timer output compare 5
;timer output compare 4
;timer output compare 3
;timer output compare 2
;timer output compare 1
;timer input capture 3
;timer input capture 2
;timer input capture 1
;real time interrupt
;!IRQ (external pin or parallel I/O)
;!xirq pin
;SWI
;illegal opcode trap
;COP failure (reset)
;COP clock monitor fail
;!RESET
;
Assembly complete - Errors = 0 , Warnings = 0
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
---Symbol Table--ADCTL
1030
ADR1
1031
ADR2
1032
ADR3
1033
ADR4
1034
BAUD
102B
BYTE
0003
CFORC
100B
CONFIG
103F
COPRST
103A
Complex
0006
DDRC
1007
DDRD
1009
FIVE
0005
HPRIO
103C
INIT
103D
MASK
00C3
MESSAGE
E053
OC1D
100D
OC1M
100C
ONE
0001
ONE_1
0001
OPTION
1039
One
0001
One_1
0001
PACNT
1027
PACTL
1026
PIOC
1002
PORTA
1000
PORTB
1004
PORTC
1003
PORTCL
1005
PORTD
1008
PORTE
100A
PPROG
103B
REGISTERS
1000
RESERVED
1001
RESERVED2
1006
RESERVED3
1035
RESERVED4
1036
RESERVED5
1037
RESERVED6
1038
SCCR1
102C
SCCR2
102D
SCDR
102F
SCSR
102E
SEVEN
0007
SEVEN_1
0007
SPCR
1028
SPDR
102A
SPSR
1029
START
E079
Six
0006
TCNT
100E
TCNT1
100F
TCTL1
1020
TCTL2
1021
TEN
000A
TEST1
103E
TFLG1
1023
TFLG2
1025
TIC1
1010
TIC11
1011
TIC2
1012
TIC22
1013
TIC3
1014
TIC33
1015
TMSK1
1022
TMSK2
1024
TOC1
1016
TOC11
1017
TOC2
1018
TOC22
1019
TOC3
101A
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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TASM11 USER'S MANUAL
TOC33
TOC4
TOC44
TOC5
TOC55
TWO
WORD
_128
eeprom_memory
irq_vectors
memory_size
ram_memory
rom_memory
101B
101C
101D
101E
101F
0002
1122
0080
B600
FFC0
FFFF
0000
E000
The Engineers Collaborative Inc.
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