PJ10KPS-CA - Telecom Italia srl
PJ10KPS-CA
Installation,operational & maintenance manual
VOLUME1
Rev. 3.1
EC Declaration of conformity
R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. declares that this transmitter is in conformity to the essential requirements and to other relevant regulations settled by the 1999/5/CE directive.
Validity of the EC declaration of conformity.
WARNING: the conformity of this product is not valid if the product is used in conditions not
authorized by R.V.R. Elettronica as described in the user manual.
Examples of conditions in which the conformity is not valid (indicative list):
The connection between the exciter and the amplifier (i) indicated in the present document is
not done properly;
The components used are different from those used and recommended by R.V.R. Elettronica
S.p.A.;
The additional devices used are not suitable and/or are generating signals which are not
suitable to those supported by the product;
The product is used in operative conditions different from the normal working conditions for
which the product was designed (temperature, humidity, supply voltage, …);
Any modification on parts of the product without any prior authorization from R.V.R.
Elettronica S.p.A..
Limitations for the use of the product in the EEC member countries.
This product is a radio transmitter for FM broadcasting .
It can work on operative frequencies which are not harmonized in the EEC member
countries.
Whoever uses this product, should obtain the authorization from the spectrum local administrative authority before starting using it.
The user is responsible for the configuration of the working frequency, the output power, and
for the other characteristics of the installation to which the transmitter described in the present documentation is part of, in order to respect the limitations described in the authorization received by the competent local authority.
Waste Electrical or Electronic Equipment
(WEEE)
This symbol indicates that you should not discard waste electrical or electronic equipment (WEEE) in the trash. For proper disposal, contact your local
recycling/reuse or hazardous waste center.
CAUTION
Do discard waste electrical or electronic equipment (WEEE) in the trash.
For proper disposal, contact your local recycling/reuse or hazardous waste
center.
PJ10KPS-CA
Index
1.
2.
3.
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
5.
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.1.9
5.1.10
5.1.11
5.1.12
5.1.13
5.2
5.3
6.
6.1
6.1.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.4
6.4.1
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.1.1
6.5.2
6.5.3
6.5.4
Preliminary instructions...................................................................... 1
Warranty..............................................................................................2
First Aid...............................................................................................2
Electric shock treatment..................................................................... 2
If the victim is unconscious................................................................. 2
If the victim is conscious..................................................................... 2
Treatment of electric burns................................................................. 2
Large burns and broken skin.............................................................. 2
Minor burns.........................................................................................2
General Description............................................................................ 3
Composition........................................................................................3
Technical specifications...................................................................... 4
Options................................................................................................5
Operating principles............................................................................6
Module failure..................................................................................... 7
Control unit (CU)................................................................................ 9
LCD Display....................................................................................... 10
Overall status menu............................................................................11
Select menu........................................................................................12
Control unit menu............................................................................... 12
Power supply menu............................................................................ 13
R.F. combiner menu............................................................................14
R.F. units menu...................................................................................15
Alarms menu...................................................................................... 16
Service menu......................................................................................16
Settings menu.....................................................................................17
Exciters menu..................................................................................... 18
Info menu............................................................................................19
Release menu.................................................................................... 20
Modem menu......................................................................................21
Buttons, selector switches and LEDs..................................................22
Alarms.................................................................................................24
Details principal,Components and Sub-Systems................................26
Control unit (CU).................................................................................29
Settings motherboard control unit.......................................................30
RF module.......................................................................................... 32
Settings CPU board (RF Module)....................................................... 36
Electromechanical section.................................................................. 37
P.S. combiner (PF1ADPSPJ5KM).......................................................38
P.S. combiner trimmer.........................................................................39
Parallel interface (CSINTREMPJ5K).................................................. 41
Interlock dummy load / transmitter......................................................45
RF Module box................................................................................... 46
Tray fans (CASVTLMPJ10KVC).........................................................47
PCB fan voltage..................................................................................48
RF module address............................................................................ 50
Power distribution board tray fans (CSALVTL2KWPJ)....................... 51
Power supply tray fans....................................................................... 53
User & Technical Manual
IV
PJ10KPS-CA
6.6
6.6.1
6.6.2
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.11.1
6.11.2
6.11.3
7.
7.1
7.2
8.
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.6.1
8.6.2
8.6.3
8.6.4
8.6.5
8.6.6
8.6.7
Combiner and Splitter......................................................................... 54
RF combiner schematic...................................................................... 55
Splitter board trimmers....................................................................... 56
Installation emergency CCU Board (SLCCUEMPJ5K1).....................57
Services supply...................................................................................61
PJ10KPS-CA Ventilation.....................................................................62
Input socket........................................................................................ 63
Rejected load......................................................................................64
Wiring diagrams..................................................................................66
Settings Absorber misure board (SLADKDIPK5K2)........................... 68
Settings unbalancement measure board............................................ 69
GSM Telemetry................................................................................... 71
Dial-up via mobile............................................................................... 74
Alarms..................................................................................................75
Unpacking,installation and use........................................................... 76
Assembly............................................................................................ 76
First start.............................................................................................78
Preliminary operation......................................................................... 78
Power-on............................................................................................ 79
Control unit settings............................................................................ 79
Management of the exciters............................................................... 81
Start-up from power-on with exciters in manual mode....................... 81
From OFF to ON with exciters in manual........................................... 81
Automatic changeover........................................................................ 82
Phase from ON to OFF....................................................................... 82
Start-up with exciters in automatic mode............................................83
Audio alarm........................................................................................ 83
Protection and alarms.........................................................................84
User & Technical Manual
V
PJ10KPS-CA
IMPORTANT
The symbol of lightning inside a triangle placed on the product, evidences the operations for
which is necessary gave it full attention to avoid risk of electric shocks.
The symbol of exclamation mark inside a triangle placed on the product, informs the user
about the presence of instructions inside the manual that accompanies the equipment, important for the efficacy and the maintenance (repairs).
1. Preliminary Instructions
Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause
radio interference, in which case the user may be required
to take adequate measures.
• General Warnings
The specifications and data contained herein are provided
for information only and are subject to changes without prior
notice. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. disclaims all warranties,
express or implied.While R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A.
attempts to provide accurate information, it cannot accept
responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies in this
manual, including the products and the software described
herein. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. reserves the right to make
changes to equipment design and/or specifications and to
this manual at any time without prior notice.
This equipment should only be operated, installed and
maintained by “trained” or “qualified” personnel who are familiar
with risks involved in working on electric and electronic circuits.
“Trained” means personnel who have technical knowledge of
equipment operation and who are responsible for their own
safety and that of other unqualified personnel placed under
their supervision when working on the equipment.
“Qualified” means personnel who are trained in and
experienced with equipment operation and who are
responsible for their own safety and that of other unqualified
personnel placed under their supervision when working on
the equipment.
• Notice concerning product intended purpose and use
limitations.
This product is a radio transmitter suitable for frequencymodulation audio radio broadcasting. Its operating
frequencies are not harmonised in designated user countries.
Before operating this equipment, user must
obtain a licence to use radio spectrum from the
competent authority in the designated user country.
Operating frequency, transmitter power and other
characteristics of the transmission system are subject to
restrictions as specified in the licence.
WARNING: Residual voltage may be present inside
the equipment even when the ON/OFF switch is set to
Off. Before servicing the equipment, disconnect the
power cord or switch off the main power panel and
make sure the safety earth connection is connected.
Some service situations may require inspecting the
equipment with live circuits. Only trained and qualified
personnel may work on the equipment live and shall be
assisted by a trained person who shall keep ready to
disconnect power supply at need.
R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. shall not be liable for injury to
persons or damage to property resulting from improper use
or operation by trained/untrained and qualified/unqualified
persons.
WARNING: The equipment is not water resistant.
Any water entering the enclosure might impair proper
operation. To prevent the risk of electrical shock or
fire, do not expose this equipment to rain, dripping or
moisture.
Please observe local codes and fire prevention rules when
installing and operating this equipment.
1
WARNING: This equipment contains exposed
live parts involving an electrical shock hazard. Always
disconnect power supply before removing any covers
or other parts of the equipment.
Contact the seller or distributor who sold the equipment;
provide a description of the problem or malfunction for
the event a quick fix is available.
Sellers and Distributors can provide the necessary
information to troubleshoot the most frequently encountered
problems. Normally, Sellers and Distributors can offer a
faster repair service than the Manufacturer would. Please
note that Sellers can pinpoint problems due to wrong
installation.
Ventilation slits and holes are provided to ensure reliable
operation and prevent overheating; do not obstruct or
cover these slits. Do not obstruct the ventilation slits under
any circumstances. The product must not be incorporated
in a rack unless adequate ventilation is provided or the
manufacturer’s instructions are followed closely.
2
If your Seller cannot help you, contact R.V.R. Elettronica
S.p.A. and describe the problem; if our staff deems it
appropriate, you will receive an authorisation to return
the equipment along with suitable instructions;
3 When you have received the authorisation, you may
return the unit. Pack the unit carefully before shipment;
use the original packaging whenever possible and seal
the package perfectly. The customer bears all risks of
loss (i.e., R.V.R. shall not be liable for loss or damage)
until the package reaches the R.V.R. factory. For this
reason, we recommend insuring the goods for their full
value. Returns must be sent on a C.I.F. basis (PREPAID)
to the address stated on the authorisation as specified
by the R.V.R. Service Manager.
WA R N I N G : T h i s e q u i p m e n t c a n r a d i a t e
radiofrequency energy and, if not installed in compliance
with manual instructions and applicable regulations,
may cause interference with radio communications.
WARNING: This equipment is fitted with earth
connections both in the power cord and for the chassis.
Make sure both are properly connected.
User & Technical Manual
2. Warranty
La R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. warrants this product to be free
from defects in workmanship and its proper operation subject
to the limitations set forth in the supplied Terms and Conditions.
Please read the Terms and Conditions carefully, as purchase
of the product or acceptance of the order acknowledgement
imply acceptance of the Terms and Conditions.
For the latest updated terms and conditions, please visit our web
site at WWW.RVR.IT. The web site may be modified, removed
or updated for any reason whatsoever without prior notice.
The warranty will become null and void in the event the
product enclosure is opened, the product is physically
damaged, is repaired by unauthorised persons or is used for
purposes other than its intended use, as well as in the event
of improper use, unauthorised changes or neglect. In the event a defect is found, follow this procedure:
1
PJ10KPS-CA
Units returned without a return authorisation may
be rejected and sent back to the sender.
•
Two rescuers: one rescue breath after each 5
compressions.
4 Be sure to include a detailed report mentioning all
problems you have found and copy of your original
invoice (to show when the warranty period began) with
the shipment.
•
Do not stop chest compressions while giving
artificial breathing.
•
Call for medical help as soon as possible.
Please send spare and warranty replacement parts orders to
the address provided below. Make sure to specify equipment
model and serial number, as well as part description and
quantity.
3.1.2
R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A.
Via del Fonditore, 2/2c
40138 BOLOGNA ITALY
Tel. +39 051 6010506
3. First Aid
All personnel engaged in equipment installation, operation
and maintenance must be familiar with first aid procedures
and routines.
3.1
Electric shock treatment
3.1.1
If the victim is unconscious
Lay the victim down on his/her back on a firm
surface.
•
the neck and tilt the head backwards to free
•
Cover victim with a blanket.
•
Try to reassure the victim.
•
Loosen the victim’s clothing and have him/her
lie down.
•
Call for medical help as soon as possible.
3.2
Treatment of electric burns
3.2.1
Large burns and broken skin
Follow the first aid procedures outlined below.
•
If the victim is conscious
•
Cover affected area with a clean cloth or linen.
•
Do not break any blisters that have formed;
remove any clothing or fabric that is stuck to
the skin; apply adequate ointment.
•
Administer adequate treatment for the type of
accident.
•
Get the victim to a hospital as quickly as
possible.
•
Elevate arms and legs if injured.
If medical help is not available within an hour, the victim is
conscious and is not retching, administer a solution of table
salt and baking soda (one teaspoon of table salt to half
teaspoon of baking soda every 250 ml of water).
the airway system (Figure 1).
Have the victim slowly drink half a glass of solution for four
times during a period of 15 minutes.
Stop at the first sign of retching.
Do not administer alcoholic beverages.
Figure 1
•
If needed, open the victim’s mouth and check
for breathing.
•
If there is no breathing, start artificial respiration
without delay (Figure 2) as follows: tilt the head
backwards, pinch the nostrils, seal your mouth
around the victim’s mouth and give four fast
rescue breaths.
Figure 2
•
Check for heartbeat (Figure 3); if there is
no heartbeat, begin chest compressions
immediately (Figure 4) placing your hands in
the centre of the victim’s chest (Figure 5).
Figure 3
•
Figure 4
Figure 5
One rescuer: give 2 quick rescue breaths after
each 15 compressions.
User & Technical Manual
2
3.2.2
Minor burns
•
Apply cold (not ice cold) strips of gauze or dress
wound with clean cloth.
•
Do not break any blisters that have formed;
remove any clothing or fabric that is stuck to
the skin; apply adequate ointment.
•
If needed, have the victim change into clean,
dry clothing.
•
Administer adequate treatment for the type of
accident.
•
Get the victim to a hospital as quickly as
possible.
•
Elevate arms and legs if injured.
PJ10KPS-CA
4. General Description
The PJ10KPS-CA is a RF amplifier for frequency modulation sound broadcasting. It is a fully
solid-state apparatus of modern design that uses MOSFET as active components in the FM
amplifying modules. This chapter briefly describes the machine’s main features.
4.1
Composition
The PJ10KPS-CA transmitter is made up of modules inserted in a 19” rack. The main apparatuses are:
•
•
•
•
5x RF amplifier modules at 2.2 kW nominal
1x Control unit (CU)
1x Splitter/Input RF
1x Dummy load
In configuration standard it comes supplied with Rack from 32 unit.
Other dimensions of the Rack always from 19” but with various heights (40 unit) are available
upon request.
A
B
C
D
RACK SIZE
32U
685 1580 1615 1000
40U
685 1935 1970 1000
FRONTAL VIEW
SIDE VIEW
(B) (C)
(A)
User & Technical Manual
(D)
3
PJ10KPS-CA
The amplifier is supplied complete with all its parts, not really "modules", essential for its
operation such as the fans for dissipating the heat generated by the machine inside the
room and all the accessories for the electrical and RF wiring. As a rule, the amplifier is
supplied as a complete transmitter therefore the two FM exciters that it manages will be
provided and connected (a service exciter and a spare exciter).
4.2
Technical specifications
Frequency range:
Nominal RF power:
Power supply voltage:
87.5 to 108.0 MHz without any tunings
10,000 W
400V ±10% AC Three-phase, 3F+N
230V ±10% AC Three-phase, 3F+N
230V ±10% AC Mono-Phase 50/60 Hz
Frequency:
50/60Hz ±2Hz
Exciting power:
Max 30 W
Consumption:
about 14.7 KW Typical
Power factor:
> 0.95
Efficiency:
68/70 %
Weight:
350** kg (rack) - 18 kg (module)
Nominal frequency deviation:
± 75 KHz (peak)
Maximum frequency deviation:
± 100 KHz (peak)
Rated output (load) impedance:
50 ohm unbalanced
Permissible VSWR:
The permissible VSWR is 1.5:1 with full power with
foldback beyond 1.5:1.
Harmonics suppression and spurious:
Typically 85 dB
RF power output connector size:
1-5/8” with EIA flange (on request 3-1/8” with EIA
flange)
Max. frequency tollerance:
As per ITU (R)
Pilot tone stability:
As per ITU (R)
Ambient temperature range for operation: 0° C to + 45° C
Relative humidity:
95 %, non condensing.
Working altitude:
Up to 3000 meters AMSL *
* For working heights of over 3000 meters, there are (optionally) two possibilities, according to the
particular needs of the site:
• extraction fan air
• fans to push the air inside the rack
**The value can differ in the event comes demanded the rack from 40 units
User & Technical Manual
4
PJ10KPS-CA
Typical power consumption of the machine:
Transmitter
Power (KW)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Phase Current
(IR) Amp.
8.7
8.7
9.8
10.9
11.8
12.9
13.8
14.9
16.1
18.3
Phase Current
(IS) Amp.
4.5
4.7
7.1
9.6
11.9
14.3
16.7
19.3
22.1
24.3
Phase Current
(IT) Amp.
4.4
9.9
12.3
14.2
16.1
18.1
20.1
21.6
23.1
24.2
Neutral Current
(IN) Amp.
4.7
5.4
5.2
4.9
5
5.3
5.9
6.2
6.7
6.1
Additional important features of the PJ10KPS-CA are as follows:
●
●
●
●
●
The 2.2 kW amplifying modules are implemented by means of plug-in technology: the
individual modules may be removed for performing maintenance operations, for instance,
without having to turn off the transmitter. The transmitter keeps working at reduced power
even if the module has been removed. This operation may be carried out without any risk
of damaging the module itself, or the amplifier as a whole, thanks to the control system
and to the RF connectors, the power supply and the purposely designed data-exchange.
For further information refer to the maintenance section.
Each module is controlled by a microprocessor-based card that checks and adjusts its
operating mode. The resulting data are transmitted to the control unit.
The control unit manages the changeover of the two exciters both in automatic and manual mode.
The amplifier can work as usual even if the control unit is not present. In fact, the control
unit may be substituted temporarily with an electromechanical interface by means of which
the user may give the ON and OFF commands to the machine. However, in this case all
the numeric type information will be missing and the power level remains the last one enabled before removing the control unit.
Immediate power foldback under severe / damaging fault conditions of VSWR. The power of transmitter should automatically come down to a suitable safe design limit, so that
the transmitter and its subsystem does not get damaged due to load mis match. Details
of fold back to be provided.
The foldback function, on the VSWR protection, works automatically on bias voltage and PA voltage, reducing them to ensure that the machine can work at maximum power, not to damage internal
organs (mosfet, combiners and dummy load).
4.3
Options
The PJ10KPS-CA envisages the following options:
● Dual exciter
● N+1 configuration
● Different kinds of exciters
● Automatic restore after safety tripping or manual restore
● Isolation transformer with surge arresters
● Electromechanical telemetry
User & Technical Manual
5
PJ10KPS-CA
4.4
Operating principles
This description is based on the block diagram shown in Figure 4-1.
The PJ10KPS-CA amplifier essentially comprises two blocks:
●
The Splitter-Coupler section
●
The RF amplifier section
The Splitter-Coupler section performs all the treatment of the RF signal except for the power amplification.
RF Out
Exc. 1
RF in
-6 dB
Exc. 2
RF in
Splitter
Coupler
2.2 kW RF sub-amplifier module
2.2 kW RF sub-amplifier module
2.2 kW RF sub-amplifier module
2.2 kW RF sub-amplifier module
-6 dB
C
RS485
Control Unit
AC in
220 V
RS485
Power
supply
2.2 kW RF sub-amplifier module
50 Vdc
Power
setting
SWITCH
C
AC in
380 V
3F+N
RS485
Figure 4-1 Block diagram of PJ10KPS-CA
The RF signals generated by two exciters (in the redundant configuration) are first attenuated by 6
dB to improve the uncoupling among the stages and then connected to a coaxial relay commanded
by the control unit. One of the two signals is closed on a dummy load built into the machine whereas
the other signal is connected to the input splitter. The power of both signals is measured by specific
directional couplers.
The RF signal of the selected exciter is divided into five branches, each of which is passed to the
input of an amplifying module.
The five RF amplifiers branches are recombined by the coupler at the output of the amplifying modules. The overall amplified RF signal is filtered by a low-pass filter for eliminating the harmonics and is
therefore available at the output connector.
The Splitter-Coupler section is controlled by a microprocessor-based card, which makes the values
detected at the various measuring points available for the user and for the diagnostics functions.
User & Technical Manual
6
PJ10KPS-CA
The system contains five RF sub-amplifier modules each of which is capable of supplying a maximum
of 2.2 kW RF. Each RF sub-amplifier module incorporate a PFC (Power Factor Corrector) power
supply that provides the utmost power efficiency for enhanced energy savings and environmental
protection.
Each RF sub-amplifier module contains a first stage with gain that varies (driver) according to the
MOSFET BLF175. The RF signal amplified by the driver is then separated into three branches, amplified by three LDMOS MRF6VP11KH, recombined and filtered by a low-pass filter (Figure 4-2).
Driver
RF in
Phase Adj.
Splitter
Coupler
RF Out

AC in
220 V
50 Vdc
Vgate
Vpa
AC/DC
DC/DC
converter with
convrter
PFC control 360
Vdc
Pallet mosfet
C+bias
Manual
Power adj.
RS485
Figure 4-2 Block diagram of RF sub-amplifier module
Each RF sub-amplifier module is controlled by a microprocessor-based card, connected to the other
microprocessor-based cards of the system by means of a RS485 type bus.
Each RF sub-amplifier module runs the Automatic Power Control function for regulating the supplied
power: the gain of the amplifying stages and the voltage supplied by the switching power supply unit
are regulated so that the power that is output from the RF sub-amplifier module corresponds, if possible, to the set level.
The overall power that the PJ10KPS-CA must supply is controlled by the microprocessorbased card
of the splitter-combiner section according to the settings made on the control unit for the NOMINAL
POWER and LOWER POWER parameters.
User & Technical Manual
7
PJ10KPS-CA
DC/DC
CONVERTER
PF CORRECTOR
BOARD
LOW PASS
FILTER
CONTROL
CIRCUIT
COMBINER
3X
800W STAGE
FUSE
BOARD
Figure 4-3 Internal view of RF sub-amplifier module
User & Technical Manual
8
DRIVER
PJ10KPS-CA
5. Control unit (CU)
The operator controls and checks the status of the PJ10KPS-CA by means of the control unit
(CU).
Two control groups are present on this unit:
• LCD and scroll buttons
• Buttons, selector switches and LEDs
User & Technical Manual
9
PJ10KPS-CA
5.1
LCD Display
The operator uses the control software of the transmitter by means of a series of menus
that are displayed on the LCD. Four specific keys are provided for scrolling through the
menus, performing the settings and giving the commands:
Pulsante
OK
ESC
Descrizione
Click this button to access a sub-menu, to enter the editing mode
or to confirm a modified value.
Click this button to exit from a menu or to cancel the modification
of a value.
Click this button to scroll inside a menu (to the right or down) or to
reduce the value of a parameter being modified.
Click this button to scroll inside a menu (to the left or up) or to
increase the value of a parameter being modified.
Trimmer for the regulation of the contrast of display the LCD
When the operator is not using the various buttons to navigate, the LCD displays the
preset screenful that shows the “Output Power” that it indicates the forward and reflected
output power (Figure 5-1).
As indicated on the preset screenful, push the ESC button to access at the “Overall Status” menù (Figure 5-2).
Figure 5-1
User & Technical Manual
10
PJ10KPS-CA
5.1.1
Overall Status Menu
This menu includes only indications, therefore the user cannot insert any input in its
different lines.(Figure 5-2).
Menù Line
Timer (when
enabled)
Control unit
Description
Indication of the start and stop times of the automatic power
reduction feature - see “Settings” menù
Status of the control unit (Off or On) and indication of the exciter
actually connected to the amplifier (Exct.1 or Exct.2)
Power supply
R.F. Combiner
R.F. Unit - N
Hours
Status of the power supply board
Status of the RF combiner
Status of the Rf power amplifier number N (1° from the left)
Timer counting the hours of operation of the transmitter. For example, this indication is useful in order to define when a maintenance
operation can be made
By pressing the Esc key as indicated on the last line, you can shift to the exchange
screen from which you can have access to the “Select” menu (Figure 5-3).
Figure 5-2
User & Technical Manual
11
PJ10KPS-CA
5.1.2
Select menu
This is the exchange menu from which you can select the different sub-menus that
compose the software.(Figure 5-3).
In order to enter a sub-menu, select the correspondent line with the arrow buttons and
press OK key.
Menu Line
Control unit
Power supply
R.F. Combiner
R.F. Units
Alarms
Service
Settings
Exciters
Info
Release
Modem
Description
General status of the PJ10KPS-CA
Status of the power supply board
Status of the RF combiner
Status of the RF power amplifiers
Summary of the occured alarms
Service menu for the switching on/off of the modules
Setting of the parameters (i.e. Power levels)
Parameters of the exciters (i.e. output power, on air exciter)
Information concerning the configuration of the PJ10KPS-CA
Information concerning the hardware and software versions of the
modules composing the unit
Settings related to the optional telemetry system
To return to the predefined menu press key ESC many times.
Figura 5-3
5.1.3
Control Unit menu
Informative menu on the inputs and the outputs of the CU of the machine.(Figure 5-4).
Menu Line
Ext Intl
Aux Intl
Exc1 A.Audio
Exc2 A.Audio
L.P. Timer
Description
Input status “external interlock” (JP4/4 parallel interface)
Input status “auxiliary interlock” (JP4/5)
Input status “audio alarm exciter 1” (JP4/8)
Input status “audio alarm exciter 2” (JP4/9)
Input status of the modality of automatic reduction of the power
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12
PJ10KPS-CA
Reserve 2
Reserve 3
Reserve 4
Relay Exc
Exc-1 Mute
Exc-2 Mute
Audio Alarm
Exc’s Mains
Stand_by (In)
Stand_by (Out)
Total Eff
Input status “Reserve 2” (JP8/3)
Input status “Reserve 3” (JP8/4)
Input status “Reserve 4” (JP8/5)
Exciters exchange relay status (Off = exciter 1 on air)
Exciter 1 interlock status (Off = RF power enabled)
Exciter 2 interlock status (Off = RF power enabled)
Output Audio Alarm status (JP47/1)
Exciters power supply status (On = power supply enabled)
“Stand by” input line status
“Stand by” output line status from the control unit
Total efficiency of the machine
Figure 5-4
5.1.4
Power supply menu
informative menu of PJ10KPS-CA of the machine (Figure 5-5).
Menu Line
Bus Fan
Room T
Safety
Mains
Clk. Blower
C.B. Pwr. Fan
C.B. Blower
Top Blower
K.M.G.
Power Fan
Description
Supply voltage of the fans input
Temperature of the air at the input of the unit
Status of the safety arrest button. On indicates the functioning is
enabled, Alr means the unit was arrested through the button
Status of the main voltage supply. Ok indicates the presence of all
phases and that their sequence is corrected, Alr means that it must
verify the presence of all phases,their sequence or the fuse of one
or more phases, to protection of the threephase control *
Indicates the state of thermostat outlet air
Indicates the state of motor protection switch input air
Indicates the state of motor protection switch output air
Indicates the state of the exhaust fan
Indicates the status of the contactor general of the machine (not
used)
Indicates the state of input fan
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13
PJ10KPS-CA
Figure 5-5
* The threephase control and the relative fuses are found on electromechanical section.
5.1.5
R.F. Combiner menu
This menu contains the information related to the RF part of the complete transmitter.
(Figure 5-6).
Menu Line
Fwd
Rfl
Unbal
Rej.IT
Exhaust
S.W.R.
(External) Fwd
(External) Rfl
(External) Unbal
Main Exc
Stby Exc
Temp
RF-Enb
Aux.Fan
SET1
SET2
SET3
SET4
Description
Overall emitted RF power of the transmitter
Reflected RF power of the antenna
Unbalancement RF power: sum of the power dissipated on the
internal resistors due to unbalanecement in the RF modules
Temperature of the load resistors dissipating the unbalancement
power
Temperature of the exhaust air (top of the transmitter)
Standing Wave Ratio, calculated by the Control Unit on the basis
of the measured forward and reflected power
Forward power of an external transmitter (when configured for this
function)
Reflected power of an external transmitter (when configured for
this function)
Unbalancement power of an external transmitter (when configured
for this function)
Output power of the exciter currently on air (the one connected to
the input of the RF modules)
Output power of the exciter currently on the internal dummy load
Status of the temperature alarm (sensor included in the combiner)
RF output enable: “On” means that the RF combiner unit is giving
its permission for the regular operation of the transmitter
Switch for an auxiliary fan (not used in the current configurations)
Status of the output “SET1”. See the Settings Menu
Status of the output “SET2”. See the Settings Menu
Status of the output “SET3”. See the Settings Menu
Status of the output “SET4”. See the Settings Menu
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PJ10KPS-CA
Figure 5-6
5.1.6
R.F. Units menu
Information menu showing the status of the RF power amplifier modules. (Figure 5-8).
It is composed of 5 screens, one for each module, that can be scrolled using the arrow
buttons.
Menu Line
Fwd
Rfl
Input
Description
Measurement of the forward power of the amplifier module
Measurement of the reflected power of the amplifier module
Measurement of the driving power at the input of the amplifier module
V.P.A.
Measurement supply voltage of the module (generated from the
switching power supply included in each module)
Bias.V
Polarization voltage of the mosfet
Temp
Module temperature
Driver.I
Measurement of the current absorbed by the preamplifier stage
MOS-N (1-3)
Measurement of the current absorbed by the MOS N amplifier
module (each RF module contains 3 MOS modules)
Total I
Measurement of the total current absorbed by the RF module
Eff
Efficiency of the amplifier module
(Alarms) Temp
Temperature alarm
(Alarms) PS-Alr Anomaly in power supply
(Alarms) Unit.Intl State of the RF module interlock micro-switch
(Alarms) Unbal
Not used
RF-Enb
Enabled of power distribution from part of the module
Fan
Percentage of fan speed of the cooling tray
Figure 5-8
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PJ10KPS-CA
5.1.7
Alarms menu
This screen describes all the registered events which are relevant to determine the probable causes of any dysfunction. The screen is composed of a variable number of pages
(up to 10) in function of the number of events occurred (Figure 5-9). The last events in
chronological order are shown in the first page and so on. To shift to the different pages,
use the arrow buttons
It is not possible to cancel the alarms visualized in this menu if not
by personal RVR
Menu Column
Unit
Err
Time
Date
Description
Module of the system which generated the failure
Type of failure and description.
For more information see chapter 5.3
Time (hrs and minutes) at which the failure occured
Date at which the failure occured
Figure 5-9
5.1.8
Service menu
This menu is normally used during the maintenance operations. When this screen is
visualized, the Control Unit checks the status of the modules of the unit more frequently
in order to have a visualization of the different parameters as fast as possible. When this
menu is entered, all the secondary functions are interrupted, therefore a possible alarm
may not be visualized and registered immediately; when exiting this menu all the alarms
which were temporarily put in “stand-by” are registered. If the user sets some modules in
OFF modality, these will be automatically reactivated when exiting the menu. This menu
is deactivated after 60 minutes if no key is selected. (Figure 5-10).
Menu Line
Fwd
Unb
RF Unit1 - On
Fwd
Rfl
Description
Forward power globally emitted by the amplifier
Unbalancing power dissipated in the dummy load connected to the
combiner
Fields used to switch ON and OFF the amplifier modules.
Forward power generated by the RF module
Reflect power from the RF module
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PJ10KPS-CA
Figure 5-10
5.1.9
Settings menu
This menu is used for the settings of the unit. It is therefore the menu which is used
more often apart from the possible maintenance operations.(Figure 5-11).
Menu Line
Nominal Pwr
Low Power
SET1
SET2
SET3
SET4
Exc’ wait time
Talk Address
Time
Date
L.P. Timer
Write Config
Description
Setting of the level of nominal power, expressed as a percentage
of the maximum power level. This is the level that the PJ10KPS-CA
must reach when the Power Nominal button is pressed, except in
case of dysfunction
Setting of the reduced power level, expressed as a percentage of
the maximum power level. This is the level that the PJ10KPS-CA
must reach when the Power Lower button is pressed, except in
case of dysfunction.
Level (Limit) at which the first “Power Good” level SET1 is launched.
This level is expressed as a percentage of the full-scale to which
SET1 is connected, indicated in the column Assign
Level (Limit) at which the second “Power Good” level SET2 is launched. This level is expressed as a percentage of the full-scale to
which SET2 is connected, indicated in the column Assign
Level (Limit) at which the first “Reflected power” level SET3 is launched. This level is expressed as a percentage of the full-scale to
which SET3 is connected, indicated in the column Assign
Level (Limit) at which the second “Reflected power” level SET4 is
launched. This level is expressed as a percentage of the full-scale
to which SET4 is connected, indicated in the column Assign
Delay before assuming the on air exciter is faulty
Address of the unit in the RS485 network
Visualization and setting of the internal clock of the unit
Visualization and setting of the internal calendar of the unit
Setting of the automatic power reduction feature: this can be “Auto”
(enabled) or “Manual” (disabled).
The feature consists in reducing the power to the low power level
and then returning to the nominal power at fixed times. The start
and stop times are set in this menu selecting “Auto”.
Button for the registration of the configurations in each module of
the unit.
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PJ10KPS-CA
Figure 5-11
5.1.10
Exciters menu
This menu is used to configure the settings of the exciters (Figure 5-12).
Menu Line
Main Exc
Stdby Exc
Main Exciter
Exct.1
Exct.2
Description
Output power of the exciter currently on air
Output power of the exciter currently on the internal dummy load
Visualization of the “on air” exciter. When positioning the cursor on
this line, with the arrow buttons and by pressing Enter, it is possible
to operate the switching between the on air exciter and the exciter
on dummy load.
Status of the exciter 1. By positioning the cursor on this line with the
arrow buttons and by pressing Enter it is possible to switch on and
off the exciter.
Same as Exct.1 for the second exciter
Figure 5-12
Note: the exchange of the exciter and the relative cursor are available only if the logic of
exchange is set to manual and the yellow LED is lit.
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PJ10KPS-CA
5.1.11
Info menu
This screen informs the user about the configuration of the transmitter. (Figure 5-13).
Menu Line
S.N.
Talk Addr.
Baud Rate
Software V.
Exciter
Cfg. N+1
External
Reset Safety
Polarization
Description
Serial number of the transmitter
Address of the RS485 port of the transmitter,it must be obligatorily 3
Baud rate of the serial port
Software version installed in the CU
Number of the exciters in the transmitter: this can be “Single” or
“Dual”
Configuration of the transmitter as a N+1 system
Checking of the external Fwd, Rfl, Unbal values (Enabled or
Disabled)
Reboot the machine after the intervention of the SAFETY alarm. It
must always be “Auto”
The machine is designed to be able to transmit in the future, even
with digital signals. To do this we need to change parameters on
both the tensions of active devices, both on the readings of the parameters. Activating the “Analog”, the machine operates in classic
analog configuration, putting “Digital” can process and transmit the
digital signals.
Figure 5-13
5.1.12
Release menu
This menu is composed of 2 screens, that can be scrolled using the arrow buttons.
The first show the address, the kind of configuration, the software version and the
hardware version of all the microprocessor boards of the transmitter (Figure 5-14), the
second shows the serial numbers of the modules (Figure 5-14a).
Menu Line
Control unit
Power supply
RF Combiner
RF Unit 1
RF Unit 2
RF Unit 3
RF Unit 4
RF Unit 5
Description
Information on the CU
Information on the power supply
Information of the RF combiner
Information on module 1
Information on module 2
Information on module 3
Information on module 4
Information on module 5
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PJ10KPS-CA
Menu Line
S.N. -1
S.N. -2
Description
Year of production of the module
Serial number of the module
Figure 5-14
User & Technical Manual
Figure 5-14a
20
PJ10KPS-CA
5.1.13
Modem menu
This screen informs the user about the configuration of the optional telemetry GSM (Figure 5-15). The parameters on this screen can be displayed only if the selector switch
on the CU is located at a REMOTE location, if it is placed in the LOCAL screen appears
as in Figure 5-15a. If you have not installed the telemetry box, the screen will appear the
figure 5-15b.
Menu Line
I.D.
Name
S.C.N
Info
Dial
Phone
Level
Status
Retry
Type
Description
Identification of the address of the transmitter, usually 1. In the case
of multiple transmitters in N +1 configuration will be given numbers in
ascending order, one for each transmitter
Mnemonic name of the station, like place or frequency
Service center number of your mobile operator
Name of service provider
Normally, ATDT
Phone numbers that will receive the alert messages
GSM signal level
State Modem
Number of messages to send. We suggest to set this value to at least
2, in case of problems with the SMS Service Centre.
Modem type, usually GSM
Figure 5-15
Figure 5-15a
Figure 5-15b
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PJ10KPS-CA
5.2
Buttons, selector switches and LEDs
The typical machine-control operations are performed using the buttons of the control
unit’s panel. Specific LEDs correspond to each button and selector switch for indicating
the machine’s status.(Figure 5-16).
Figure 5-16
The functions performed by the controls are as follows:
Funzione
OFF
STDBY
ON
User & Technical Manual
Descrizione
Button for turning off the machine. A LED signals that
the machine is OFF. In this status, the exciters and the
pumps,are off.
Button for setting the machine in standby. In this status the
transmitter does not emit any power, but is ready to start the
transmission: the main blower is on, the RF modules are not
powered, the exciters are on but locked by means of an interlock. The stand-by is used to test the exciters, in fact in manual modality the operator could arrange them in base to the
own requirements; coming from an “On” in manual modality,
the system does not touch the interlock. Stand-by status is
signalled from a LED.
In manual and in stand-by the inhibit of the device doesn’t intervene on the interlock of the exciters. This could necessary
when the apparatus is in configuration n+1 for verify if the
exciters are operational.
Button for turning on the transmitter. The RF power supply is
activated.
If the command is set to MANUAL CHANGEOVER EXCITER
(led on), exciters will block interlock and have to go through in
“exciters menu” of CU to enable them manually.The exciters
should deliver a power of at least 15 W to start the transmitter.
22
PJ10KPS-CA
LOC/REM
ALARM RESET
POWER LOWER
NOMINAL POWER
EXCITER
CHANGEOVER
Selector switch for setting the transmitter in remote or local
mode. In local mode the buttons and the controls via the menus are active. In remote mode the buttons and the controls
via the menus are inhibited and the commands may be given
only remotely via the parallel interface or via the remote control software.
Button to reset the alarm type FAULT or WARNING.
Click this button to set the transmitter for supplying the nominal power level. A specific LED signals this setting. The value
that corresponds to the nominal level is set by the operator
using the menu settings (see 5.1.9)
Click this button to set the transmitter for supplying the reduced power level. A specific LED signals this set-ting. The
value that corresponds to the reduced level is set by the operator using the menus. (see 5.1.9)
Use this button to set the changeover system in manual or
automatic mode. The signaling LED turns on when the manual mode is selected. On performing a changeover, the exciter connected to the amplifier is deviated toward the internal
dummy load and vice-versa. The operator must use the exciters menu to perform the changeover in manual mode.
LED WARNING
This LED indicates an attention condition (something is not
working properly, but the amplifier is still running)
LED FAULT
This LED indicates a fault (the amplifier is blocked, and
required the intervention of an operator for the restoration)
This LED indicates the status of waiting (the amplifier is temporarily disabled, but will be reactivated automatically when
the blockage is removed, or after a set period of time depending on the type of protection)
This LED indicates an external inhibition. This check is run
on the parallel interface (JP4/4)
These LEDs indicate the activity of the serial bus 485 through
which the CU acquires the status every second of the modules
These LEDs indicate the communication between the CU
and a PC connected to the RS-232
LED WAIT
LED INT.LCK
LED TX-BUS INT
LED RS-232
TX-BUS EXT
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PJ10KPS-CA
5.3
Alarms
The menu Alarms of the control unit reports all the events connected to possible
malfunctioning of the equipment or due to external causes.
Each registration contains the reference to the concerned module, the kind of event and
its date and hour.
The module that detected the event is indicated by one of the following acronyms:
• C.U. (Control Unit)
• P.S.
(Power supply)
• R.F. X (RF module number X - from 1 to 5)
• Combi (Combiner/Splitter)
The type of event allows to identify the origin and the consequence of the fault. The first
letter of the type of event can be one of the following:
W “Wait” event that causes the temporary block of the piece of equipment that will
be removed as soon as the problem is solved.
R “Retry”, event that causes a temporary block of the piece of equipment, that will
effect a restart attempt after a fixed lapse of time. (Max. 8 attempts)
F “Fault”, event that causes the block of the equipment and requires the intervetion
of an operator for the restart.
E “Error”, event that doesn’t cause the interruption of the supply of power, but can
reduce the functions of the equipment (e.g cannot be done the changeover function of the exciters)
The possible event types are listed in the table below.
Code
Meaning
Control Unit
-E.Intl
-A.Intl
-Audio-1
-Audio-2
-L.P.Tmr.
-Ris-2
-Ris-3
-Ris-4
-Mute Flt
-Xchg Exc
-Cfg. N+1
-Tmp.
-Mains
-C.B. Top
-C.B. Blw
external interlock
ausiliary interlock
audio alarm of exciter 1 is active
audio alarm of exciter 2 is active
Low power timer active
reserve 2 input is active
reserve 3 input is active
reserve 4 input is active
“Mute fault”: the mute commands (i.e. the interlock commands for
the exciters) are not working, they are not connected or the connection is wrong
a changeover of the exciters has been performed
The machine is in Fault status because three changeover attempts
havebeen performed (N+1 configuration)
Power Supply
the air inlet temperature is too high
the phase sequence is not correct
The circuit breaker of the air extractor motor blocked it
The circuit breaker of the blowers transformer blocked it
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PJ10KPS-CA
-Fwd
-Rfl
-O.dvr In
-O.dvr Ld
-Unbal
-Rej.l.T
-Exhaust
-S.W.R.
-Ext.Alr.
-Fwd
-Rfl
-In
-Tmp.
-Drv. I
-Mos 1 I
-Mos 2 I
-Mos 3 I
-Eff.
-PS-Alr
-O.Tmp.
-Unbal
-Replay err.
-Safety
Time-out
Default Talk
Address: 31
Device not
configured
Waiting for Retry:
xxxx sec.
Start Up in Progress
Please Wait
Combiner
forward power above its limit
reflected power above its limit
overdrive (main exciter)
Too much power dissipated on the internal dummy load (stand by
exciter)
Unbalancement power above its limit
Overheating of the unbalancement (rejection) load resistors
Exhaust overheating
SWR above its limit
external alarm for future use
R.F. Unit
forward power alarm module
reflected power alarm module
alarm input power module
high temperature alarm
driver current above its limit
high current alarm mos1
high current alarm mos2
high current alarm mos3
efficiency too low
the power supply is not supplied or is broken
overheating on the module’s heatsink
unbalancement power above its limit
General
wrong answer by the module interrogated
emergency button pressed
the module does not respond
default address for configuration
control unit is not configured
to reset the pause time, press ok
starting up
please wait.....
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PJ10KPS-CA
6.
Wiring diagrams
FRONT VIEW
Control Unit
RF module
Emergency
button
Main switch
Breaker module
1 and 2
Breaker module
3 and 4
Breaker module
5 and Services
Electromechanical
section (sliding)
Exciter 1
Exciter 2
Dummy load
Shuko socket
with fuse
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PJ10KPS-CA
REAR AND SIDE VIEW
Splitter
Module box
Combiner
Power supply
board tray fans
Threephase
transformer
or
Switching
transformer
for tray fans
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PJ10KPS-CA
TOP VIEW
Input socket
RF output
GSM telemetry
(opz.)
Parallel interface
(opz.)
Power supply
input
Services supply
IF YOU DO NOT
ENTER THE
BRIDGE, THE
TRANSMITTER
WILL NOT TURN
ON (SEE CAP. 6.8)
Slot for the
passage of
cables
Air hole output
Ø=300mm
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PJ10KPS-CA
6.1
Control unit (CU)
1
2
N°
Description
Code
1
2
Core control unit
Motherboard control unit
SLCCUPJ5KM2
SLCCU1PJ5KM2
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29
Technical annex
page
1
6
PJ10KPS-CA
6.1.1
Settings
PTX-LCD
13.7
EXCT. 1
EXCT. 2
Leaving the jumpers as shown in the figure, the audio alarm is active,
Schedathat
pannello
is, when the audio is no longer present at the exciter, at the time
of on air, the system automatically switches on the other exciter.
Questa scheda,
posta
nella
parte anteriore
funge We
da interfaccia
Removing
the
jumpers
the audiodell’apparato,
alarm is disabled.
must also tra
di- la
scheda CPU
e le
altre
schede
che costituiscono
il PTX-LCD.
sable
the
control
“ExPwr”
on the related
modulator, to do this must be
removed from the connector JP8 of panel card (located in the front of
Da questa
scheda
partono
arrivano
i segnali
provenienti
LCD,
the
PTX-LCD),
thee “Jump
4”tutti
if the
modulator
mountsdal:
theDisplay
CPU 8-bit,
dall’Encoder,
dai you
Led have
di Segnalazione,
Scheda
Alimentatore,
scheda
instead
to remove thedalla
“Jump
5” if the
modulator isdalla
equipped
Mother Board
Audio
e
della
scheda
di
telemetria
esterna,
cioè
tutti
i
segnali
che
with the 16-bit CPU.
costituiscono l’input/output della scheda CPU.
13.7.1
Panel card
Regolazioni, settaggi ed indicatori
JP8
Posizione relativa dei jumper della scheda pannello.
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30
PJ10KPS-CA
Meaning Jump JP8 with 8-bit CPU
4
Meaning Jump JP8 with 16-bit CPU
AC 18V
GND
GND
AC 18V
- RELE
+ RELE
User & Technical Manual
Power supply pinout
31
PJ10KPS-CA
6.2
RF module (PF1RF2KPJ5KM)
15
14
13
Note 1
16
17
12
17
17
11
10
9
8
7
18
RF1
Note 2
RF2
RF3
22
1
2
Internal view
User & Technical Manual
32
4
(below 5)
5
3
(below 5)
6
PJ10KPS-CA
N°
Description
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
3-way combiner
Pallet mosfet
Temperature probe
Splitter
Fuses board
Driver board
Db-15 connector filtered
Pass through board
Db-9 connector filtered
Shunt board
Bias board
CPU board (RF module)
PFC
Power supply
Directional coupler
Low pass filter 1
Capacitor 1
Temperature sensor 90° NA
Card outlet connector
First capacitance low pass filter
Low pass filter 2
RF sample monitor
CSCMBMOD2KPJ
KKFIN237H
SLSNDTMPJ5K
CSSPLTEX1KL1
SLFU0359R01V01
SLDRVRFPJ5M
SLDB15FMOD2K
SLFI0368R01V01
SLDB9MFILF1
SLMT0367R01V01
SLBI0358R01V03
CPUMOD2KPJ10K
PFCPSL4280
PSL4280
SLDCLPFPJ10KCV
CSLPF1MOD2KW
CSB1LPFPJ1KM
SETBMET90NA
SLOUTRFPJ5K1
CSLP0372R1
CSLPF2MOD2KW
/
Note 1
Technical annex
page
9
10
17
17
18
19
/
31
/
32
33
39
45
57
71
72
72
/
72
73
73
/
Note 2
19
20
21
User & Technical Manual
33
PJ10KPS-CA
Function
PWR ADJ
PHASE ADJ
Description
Trimmer adjustment of the output power of a single module, this control operates by varying the VPA pallet mosfet
ip-switch for the regulation of the phase of the RF signal
generated. The phase of each RF module could be modified independently to steps of 1.6° from- 12.8° to +11,2°.
In some cases could result useful use the regulations of
phase for minimize the unbalanced power dissipated. To
this purpose, it prefer ble of use the SERVICE menu, in
which this value comes adjourned in real time.
FAULT
Front view
The module is switched off due to excessive operating
parameter. You can see what he did turn off the module
in the “Alarms” menu.
WAIT
Indicates a pre-alarm condition.
OK
Indicates that the module is on
DRIVER
Led on indicates the presence of voltage on driver
MOS-1
Led on indicates the presence of voltage on mosfet 1
MOS-2
Led on indicates the presence of voltage on mosfet 2
MOS-3
Led on indicates the presence of voltage on mosfet 3
MOS-4
Reserve
S.N.
Serial No. of the module
R.F. TEST -60dBc RF sampling to the module output
User & Technical Manual
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PJ10KPS-CA
1
2
1
2
3
4
5
3
DB-37 connector
RF input connector (“N” type)
Power supply connector
Pin 1= Neutral
Pin 2= NC
Pin 3= NC
Pin 4= Phase
Pin 5= GND
Ground connector
RF output connector (7/16” EIA)
4
5
Rear view
User & Technical Manual
35
PJ10KPS-CA
6.2.1
Settings CPU board (RF module)
In the PJ10KPS-CA are present microcontrol boards, one for each 2.2 kW module, one for the
control of the power supply and one for the control of the combiner. In each board the trimmers
have diverged meaning. In figure, “RFM” refers to the RF module, “PS” to the power supply and
“CMB” to the combiner. TR12 is set so that VREF is 3.3 V.
AIR TEMP OUTLET (EXHAUST)
UNBALANCED
TEMPERATURE (TEMP)
KDI DISSIPATOR TEMP (REJ.IT)
AIR TEMP INLET (ROOM T)
UNBALANCED EXT.
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
RF Module
Power FWD
I Pallet 2
I Pallet 3
V Bias
Temperature (TEMP)
TR6
TR7
TR8
TR9
TR10
TR11
Power RFL
Power IN
I Pallet 4
VPA
I Driver
I Pallet 1
User & Technical Manual
CoMBiner
Power FWD
Power FWD EXT
Power RFL EXT
/
KDI Dissipator Temp
(REJ.IT)
Power RFL
Power IN
Unbalanced EXT
Power IN (LOAD)
Unbalanced
Air Temp Outlet
(EXHAUST)
36
Power Supply
/
/
/
V Bus
Air Temp Inlet (ROOM T)
/
/
/
/
/
/
PJ10KPS-CA
6.3
Electromechanical section
1
2
N° Description
1
2
3
3
Code
Technical
annex page
74
Relay interface CSRLYINTPJ10K
board
Service
TRFSERV10KCV
transformer
PF1ADPSPJ5KM
P.S. combiner
User & Technical Manual
{
/
SLADPPSPJ5K2 (PS combiner adapter)
76
CPUPSCMBPJ10K (cpu combiner)
80
CPUPJ5KMC2 (cpu power supply)
86
37
PJ10KPS-CA
6.3.1
P.S. combiner (PF1ADPSPJ5KM)
SLADPPSPJ5K2
(PS combiner adapter)
CPUPJ5KMC2
(cpu power supply)
User & Technical Manual
CPUPSCMBPJ10K
(cpu combiner)
38
PJ10KPS-CA
6.3.2
P.S. combiner trimmer
In the PJ10KPS-CA are present microcontrol boards, one for each 2.2 kW module, one for the
control of the power supply and one for the control of the combiner. In each board the trimmers
have diverged meaning. In figure, “RFM” refers to the RF module, “PS” to the power supply and
“CMB” to the combiner. TR12 is set so that VREF is 3.3 V.
PS (power supply)
CMB (combiner)
AIR TEMP OUTLET (EXHAUST)
UNBALANCED
UNBALANCED EXT.
User & Technical Manual
39
TEMPERATURE (TEMP)
KDI DISSIPATOR TEMP (REJ.IT)
AIR TEMP INLET (ROOM T)
PJ10KPS-CA
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
RF Module
Power FWD
I Pallet 2
I Pallet 3
V Bias
Temperature (TEMP)
TR6
TR7
TR8
TR9
TR10
TR11
Power RFL
Power IN
I Pallet 4
VPA
I Driver
I Pallet 1
User & Technical Manual
CoMBiner
Power FWD
Power FWD EXT
Power RFL EXT
/
KDI Dissipator Temp
(REJ.IT)
Power RFL
Power IN
Unbalanced EXT
Power IN (LOAD)
Unbalanced
Air Temp Outlet
(EXHAUST)
40
Power Supply
/
/
/
V Bus
Air Temp Inlet (ROOM T)
/
/
/
/
/
/
PJ10KPS-CA
6.4
Parallel interface (opz.)(CSINTREMPJ5K)
A parallel-type interface is mounted on the top of the PJ10KPS-CA, in which the different
signals are available through terminal blocks (Figure 6.4.1). This interface is connected to
the CU from which it receives the different signals and to which the eventual commands
are forwarded.
The card contains digital inputs, digital outputs and analog outputs. Among the digital
inputs, a “copy” of all the possible orders that can be given locally to the unit by using the
buttons of the control unit are displayed.
Figure 6.4.1
The digital outputs supply information concerning the status of the PJ0KPS-CA.
The analogue outputs enable the remote control of the most important parameters, for
example the forward and reflected power.
This interface was designed for a maximum configurability and adaptability to the tel metry
systems to which it may be connected. For example, each digital input can be configured
through a jumper in order to be “active” when grounded or when connected to a supply
source between +12V and +24V.
The scheme of one generic digital input is shown in Figure 6.4.2 b). Please pay attention
to the anti-parallel type optocouplers, so that if the jumper is closed between the pins 1
and 2, by grounding the DIGITAL INPUT, the input is active. On the contrary by closing
2 and 3, the input is active when the DIGITAL INPUT is connected to a positive voltage.
Each digital output can be configured individually as “Normally open “ or “Normally
closed “ (NO or NC). In Figure 6.4.2 a) the scheme of a generic digital output is shown.
Please note that when the jumper is closed between 1 and 2, the output is normally shortcircuited with the common pin, while in the other case the circuit is normally open.
It is important to remember that the different commands can be given to the unit through
the parallel interface only if the Local/Remote selector situated on the front panel is on the
“Remote” position.
a)
b)
Figure 6.4.2
User & Technical Manual
41
PJ10KPS-CA
JP35
JP12
1
1
JP48
1
JP8
1
JP4
1
1
1
1
JP38
JP16
JP22
1
JP47
Figure 6.4.3
The following table describes the function of each jumper of the parallel interface. The first column
indicates the identifying number of the jumper as shown on Figure 6.4.3, the second indicates the
name of the signal and the third column describes its function.
Clamp
Type
Name
Description
JP4/1
JP4/2
JP4/3
JP4/4
In
In
In
In
ON
STDBY
OFF
EXT INH
JP4/5
In
AUX INH
JP4/6
JP4/7
JP4/8
In
In
In
NOM PWR
LOW PWR
AUDIO ALARM
EXC. 1
JP4/9
In
JP4/10
JP8/1
JP8/2
/
In
In
AUDIO ALARM
EXC. 2
GND
ALARM RESET
RESRV. 1
Corresponds to the ON button of the control unit
Corresponds to the STDBY button of the control unit
Corresponds to the OFF button of the control unit
External inhibition jumper. It is a “N.C.” type jumper, which
means that it must be active for the PJ10KPS-CA to work. Upon
delivery, this terminal is closed to ground by a jumper.
Auxiliary external inhibition jumper. It is a “N.O.” type jumper,which
means that it must be not active for the PJ10KPS-CA to work.
It is “auxiliary” because even if nothing is connected to it the
PJ10KPS-CA works normally.
Corresponds to the NOMINAL POWER button of the control unit
Corresponds to the REDUCED POWER button of the control unit
Audio alarm of exciter 1. This input, when active, indicates an
alarm on exciter 1. If the PJ10KPS-CA is in automatic changeover modality, if the exciter 1 is on air and if this signal remains
active for a time lag equivalent to the time setted in the Settings
menu at line Exc. Wait time, the changeover procedure between
the exciters will be started.
Same as AUDIO ALARM EXC. 1 for exciter 2.
JP8/3
JP8/4
JP8/5
In
In
In
RESRV. 2
RESRV. 3
RESRV. 4
User & Technical Manual
Grounding contact.
Corresponds to the ALARM RESET button on the control unit
Reserve 1 input. When this input is active, the failure is registered
by the software in the Alarms menu. For example it
can be connected to a switch that indicates that the door of the
station is open or to a sensor of a power reserve of an electric
generator. In this way, by consulting the menus of the unit, it is
possible to trace the moment at which (time and date) the failure
occurred.
Same as JP8/2
Same as JP8/2
Same as JP8/2
42
PJ10KPS-CA
JP8/6
In
EXCITER
CHANGEOVER
CMD
JP8/7
In
JP8/8
JP16/1
/
Out
EXCITER CHANGEOVER
GND
+12V dc
JP16/2
JP16/3
JP16/4
JP22/1
Out
/
/
I/O
+12V dc
GND
GND
TX/RX +
JP22/2
JP22/3
JP22/4
JP48/1
JP48/2
JP48/3
JP48/4
JP48/5
I/O
/
/
/
/
Out
Out
Out
TX/RX LINE TRM
LINE TRM
GND
GND
FWD PWR
RFL PWR
OUT AIR TEMP
JP48/6
Out
V FAN
JP48/7
Out
EFF.
JP48/8
JP12/1
JP12/2
Out
Out
Out
OUT DAC 6
CMN MUTE 1
MUTE 1
JP12/3
JP12/4
Out
Out
CMN MUTE 2
MUTE 2
JP12/5
JP12/6
Out
Out
CMN LOCAL
LOCAL
JP12/7
JP12/8
Out
Out
CMN MAINS
MAINS
User & Technical Manual
This command launches the changeover procedure between the
exciters. It has the same function as when you press the OK button when selecting line On air exciter in the menu
Exciters. In order to launch the changeover between the exciters
through this command, the manual changeover modality should
be formerly selected through the correspondent button on the
control unit or through the JP8/7 jumper, having however the unit
in “Remote” modality.
Corresponds to ther EXCITER CHANGEOVER button of the
control unit
Ground
Power source. A maximum of 100 mA can be absorbed between
this jumper and JP16/2. This power source can be used if the
user wants to enter the comands following a positive logic (high
voltage - active comand)
Same as JP16/1
Ground
Ground
Bus RS 485. Please note that this serial port is operational
only when the unit is in “Remote” modality.
Bus RS 485
Line termination for bus RS 485
Line termination for bus RS 485
Ground
Ground
Forward power. Analog output, 3.9V for 5000W
Reflect power. Analog output, 3.9V for 1200W
Temperature of the air at the output of the chimney. Analog output, 0V for -50°C, 3.9V for 100°C
Supply voltage of the fans.
General efficiency. Analog output, 3.9V for 100%, 0V for
0%.
Reserved for future applications.
Common contact MUTE 1 (see JP12/2).
MUTE exciter 1. Digital output, active when exciter 1 is inhibited
by the control unit. Like all the digital outputs on the parallele interface, it can be configurated through jumper as normally open
or normally closed. This output has a common contact dedicated
to this function (JP12/1).
Common contact MUTE 2 (see JP12/4).
MUTE exciter 2. Digital output, active when exciter 2 is inhibited
by the control unit. This output has a common contact dedicated
to this function (JP12/3).
Common contact LOCAL (see JP12/6).
LOCAL/REMOTE status. Digital output, active when the
PJ10KPS-CA is setted in local modality. This output has a common contact dedicated to this function (JP12/5).
Common contact MAINS (see JP12/8).
MAINS alarm, active when are present problems on the alimentation
43
PJ10KPS-CA
JP47/1
Out
AUDIO ALARM
JP47/2
Out
JP47/3
JP47/4
JP35/1
Out
Out
Out
CMN AUDIO
ALARM
CMN RL3
CMN RL3
RESRV. 1
JP35/2
Out
JP35/3
Out
JP35/4
Out
JP35/5
Out
JP35/6
Out
JP35/7
Out
JP35/8
Out
JP35/9
Out
JP35/10 Out
JP38/1
Out
JP38/2
Out
JP38/3
Out
JP38/4
Out
JP38/5
Out
JP38/6
Out
JP38/7
Out
JP38/8
Out
JP38/9
Out
JP38/10 Out
“AUDIO” alarm (see JP4/8 and JP4/9). This output is active
when the on air exciter is in audio alarm status. This output
has a common contact dedicated to this function (JP47/2).
Common contact AUDIO ALARM (see JP47/1).
Common contact shared from the outputs JP38/1-10.
Parallel contact with JP47/3.
Reserve 1. Digitale output, active when the INPUT RESERVE 1
input (JP8/2) is active. The common contact of this output is RL4
(JP35/5)
RESRV. 2
Same as JP35/1, corresponds to INPUT RESERVE 2. The common contact of this output is RL4 (JP35 / 5)
RESRV. 3
Same as JP35/1, corresponds to INPUT RESERVE 3. The common contact of this output is RL4 (JP35 / 5)
RESRV. 4
Same as JP35/1, corresponds to INPUT RESERVE 4. The
common contact of this output RL4 (JP35/5)
CMN RL4
Common contact shared between different digital outputs
(JP35/1-4)
SET1.
Digital output, active when the parameter SET1 is active (see
menu Settings). The common contact of this output RL5 (JP35/10).
SET2.
Same as JP36/6, corresponds to SET2. The common contact of
this output is RL5 (JP35/10).
SET3.
Same as JP36/6, corresponds to SET3. The common contact of
this output is RL5 (JP35/10).
SET4.
Similar to JP36/6, related to SET4. The common contact of
this output is the RL5 (JP35/10).
CMN RL5
Common contact shared between the different digital output
(JP35/6-9)
EXC. ON AIR
Digital output, active when the exciter 1 is on air, and not active
when the exciter 2 is on air. common contact of this output is the
RL3 (JP47/3).
AUTO/MAN
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is in changeover
mode as regards the exciters. The common contact of this output
is RL3 (JP47/3).
LOWER POWER
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set for the lower
power level. Common contact of this output is the RL3(JP47/3).
NOMINAL POWER Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set for the nominal
power level. common contact of this output is the RL3 (JP47/3).
OFF
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set for the lower power level. The common contact of this output is the RL3
(JP47/3).
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set for the lower
STDBY
power level.The common contact of this output is the RL3(JP47/3).
ON
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set on ON mode.
The common contact of this output is the RL3 (JP47/3).
FAULT
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set on FAULT
mode. The common contact of this output is the RL3 (JP47/3).
WAIT
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set on WAIT
mode. The common contact of this output is the RL3 (JP47/3).
WARNING
Digital output, active when the PJ10KPS-CA is set on WARNING
mode. The common contact of this output is the RL3 (JP47/3).
User & Technical Manual
44
PJ10KPS-CA
6.4.1
Interlock dummy load / transmitter (opzional)
Connected to this terminal, the
interlock of dummy load.
Closed = OK
Open = ALARM
JP4
If the transmitter is on ANTENNA through the COAX RELAY, the interlock of dummy load is skipped.
If the transmitter is on DUMMY LOAD through the COAX RELAY, the interlock operates.
If you want to bypass the COAX RELAY, for example in the case of maintenance, you have to remove the connector JP4 and insert the connector with the bridge.
JP4
Bridged connector
User & Technical Manual
45
PJ10KPS-CA
6.5
Module box
1
2
N°
Description
1 RF module
(N° 1 from left)
2 Tray fans
3 RF module I/O
interface
4 Presence
module switch
5 Power supply
board tray
fans
Chapter Technical
of this
annex
manual
page
6.2
/
6.5.1
6.5.2
/
100
/
/
6.5.3
/
3
4
5
User & Technical Manual
46
PJ10KPS-CA
6.5.1
Tray fans (CASVTLMPJ10KCV)
FAN 80x80 48v
POWER CONNECTOR ILME
Pinout ilme male power supply
Pin
Cable color Description
1
Red
+ (48V DC)
2
Gray
Speed control
3
Black
- (0 V)
GND Black
- (0 V)
User & Technical Manual
47
PJ10KPS-CA
6.5.1.1
PCB fan voltage
User & Technical Manual
48
PJ10KPS-CA
CSALVTL2KWPJA/CSALVTL2KWPJB - Bill of material
Item Qty Reference
1
1 JP1
2
1 R1
3
1 R2
4
1 DL1
5
5 C1,C3,C5,C7,C9
6
4 C2,C4,C6,C8
7
4 V1,V2,V3,V4
8
4 F1,F2,F3,F4
9
4 /
User & Technical Manual
Part
Ilme connector 4 poles
220 ohm
4,7 kohm
Green led
100nF 60V (disc)
1000uF 63V (electr.)
80x80x38 48v
250V 2,5A
Screw terminal 3 poles
49
Description
Ilme connector 4 poles male + cover
Resistor 1/4W
Resistor 1W
Diode led 5mm
Disc capacitor
Electrolytic capacitor
Fan SANYO 9GV0848P1G03 80X80X38 48v
Self-reloading fuse
Screw terminal 3 poles solder
PJ10KPS-CA
6.5.2
RF module address
The address assigned to the module is mailed by a dip-switch on the interface board (SW1).
In figure are brought back the configurations assigned to the different settings.
The RF module 1 (that more to left looking at the machine from the front) have address 8,
the 2 has address 9 and so on until at 12. The other addresses are reserved for future uses.
SW1
User & Technical Manual
50
PJ10KPS-CA
6.5.3
Power distribution board tray fans (CSALVTL2KWPJ)
User & Technical Manual
51
PJ10KPS-CA
Input DC
48 V
(from
transformer
or
switching
power
supply)
V1
V2
CSALVTL2KWPJ - Bill of material
Item Qty Reference
Part
1
6 JP1,JP2,JP3,JP4,JP5,JP6
2
24 J1,………...,J24
3
8 F1,F2,F3,F4,F5,F6,F7,F8
4
2 /
/
5
2 R1,R2
4,7 kohm
6
6 C1,C2,C3,C4,C5,C6
100nF 63V
Green
led
7
8 DL1,DL2
led verde
User & Technical Manual
52
Description
Morsetto a 2 poli a saldare per stampato
Faston maschio a saldare
Portafusibile da stampato
Coperchio per portafusibile
Resistenza 1W
Condensatore in poliestere
Diodo led 5mm
PJ10KPS-CA
6.5.4
Power supply tray fans
With threephase transformer
With switching power supply
Electromechanical
section
Electromechanical
section
Transformer
Switching power supply
Rectifier
Power distribution board
Power distribution board
User & Technical Manual
53
PJ10KPS-CA
6.6
Combiner and splitter
5
2
3
1
4
6
N°
Description
1
Splitter
2
3
4
5
Directional coupler
RF probe
Combiner
RF output EIA 1+5/8” (or
on request EIA 3+1/8”)
Connection to dummy load
RF input from module
6
7
User & Technical Manual
7
Code
PF1SPLNPJ5KM
{
SL042MT1001
/
PF1HC510KWPJ-158
/
/
/
SLSPLMEA5KW1
Technical annex
page
108
SLSPLINP5KW1
109
105
/
107
/
/
/
54
PJ10KPS-CA
6.6.1
RF combiner schematic
User & Technical Manual
55
PJ10KPS-CA
6.6.2
Splitter board trimmers
On the entry splitter board are present two trimmers for the regulation of the measure of the
emitted power from the two exciters.
These measures are those visible in the EXCITERS menu.
Load
On Air
On the circuits of power measure of the exciters there are two compensators to maximize the
directive and minimize the operation error measure of the frequency of operation.
Load
User & Technical Manual
On Air
56
PJ10KPS-CA
6.7
Installation emergency CCU Board
In the case the control unit presents a damage, it is possible assure the correct operation
replacing, temporarily, the control panel with the card furnished together with the PJ10KPSCA.
To effect the substitution, execute the following instructions:
1) Switch-OFF the amplifier. Remove the screw on the left side of the LCD panel, open the
panel and individualize the necessary connectors to the operation of the emergency card.
1
2)
2 3
Disconnect all the cables connected to the unit control.
User & Technical Manual
57
PJ10KPS-CA
3)
Unscrew the crews that fix the board to the rack and remove the panel from his place.
4)
Connect the three connectors precedentely identified to the entries of the board, like
represented in the photo.
User & Technical Manual
58
PJ10KPS-CA
5)
Fix the board to the rack, in the same position in which previously had fixed the central panel of control. Do attention to fix the side of the card from which the interrupter sticks
out toward the outside of the amplier.
6) Switch-ON the apparatus with general switch and activate the operation of the board
putting the interrupter on the ON position. The switch has built in way to avoid the accidental
operating; throw the interrupter toward the outside, go on the desired position and release
the interrupter.
User & Technical Manual
59
PJ10KPS-CA
Now the emergency board is operative.
When be used the emergency board, the amplifier acts with the parameters previously
adjusted (for example: the level of power). To modify the parameters is necessary use the
unit control.
User & Technical Manual
60
PJ10KPS-CA
6.8
Services supply
The services of PJ10KPS-CA are supplied at 230V through a dedicated transformer.
Between the services, are included the microcontroller cards of RF modules, those of the
combiner and power supply and the control unit.
Supplying the services of the PJ10KPS-CA with an UPS (Uninterruptable Power Supply), the
machine also in case of absence of mains power can be managed, naturally limitedly to the
functions available (for example configuration or interrogation of the alarms registry). The
normal configuration of the machine previews that the services are directly supply through the
connection to the electrical mains of the machine, in order to insert an UPS is sufficient put it
between the VDE on the roof, after have removed the bridge that comes supplied of series.
User & Technical Manual
61
PJ10KPS-CA
6.9
PJ10KPS-CA Ventilation
The input hole of the air is situated on the back cover of the rack.
Input air
Input air
The output hole of the air is situated on the top cover of the rack.
The current of output air is equal to 800 m3/ h. The diameter of the output is 300mm.
Output air
User & Technical Manual
62
PJ10KPS-CA
6.10
Input socket
User & Technical Manual
63
PJ10KPS-CA
6.11
Rejected load
2
1
3
4
5
9
N°
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
14 13
12
11 10
Description
Supply voltage presence indicator.
Fan air inlet
Not presnt
DB-9 unbal power measure
Blower dummy load enable
Fuse out
Fuse in (mains)
VDE mains
Fan air outlet
Input 1 RF (7/16”) to KDI 1
Input 2 RF (7/16”) to KDI 2
Input 3 RF (7/16”) to KDI 3
Input 4 RF (7/16”) to KDI 4
Input 5 RF (7/16”) to KDI 5
User & Technical Manual
64
6
7
9
Code
/
VTL4114NH3
/
/
/
10 A
4A
/
VTL4114NH3
/
/
/
/
/
8
PJ10KPS-CA
TOP VIEW (KDI MASTER)
2
1
1
4
3
5
5
2
3
4
BOTTOM VIEW (KDI SLAVE)
03
04
01
02
05
N°
Description
Code
1
2
3
4
5
Absorber misure board
Clickson 50° NA
KDI resistor 100 Ω 800 W (termination)
Unbalancement measure board
DB-15 board
SLADKDIPK5K2
SETBMET50NA
RDT800J0100
SLPWRSEBHC52
SLDB15FFILF1
User & Technical Manual
65
Technical Annex
page
113
/
/
116
/
PJ10KPS-CA
6.11.1
Wiring diagrams
User & Technical Manual
66
PJ10KPS-CA
User & Technical Manual
67
PJ10KPS-CA
User & Technical Manual
68
PJ10KPS-CA
6.11.2 Settings Absorber measure board
To make sure they are configured correctly you have to set them through the switch SW1
and jumper JP2.
SW1
JP2
User & Technical Manual
69
PJ10KPS-CA
6.11.3 Settings Unbalancement measure board
To make sure they are configured correctly, you must set address of each board.
Address
You have to make a jumper, with tin on:
J1 and J2
for board 1
J7 and J8
for board 4
J3 and J4
for board 2
J9 and J10
for board
J5 and J6
for board 3
User & Technical Manual
70
PJ10KPS-CA
7
GSM Telemetry
R.V.R. Elettronica’s plug-in series transmitters, may be optionally fitted with the telemetry
device that enables the user to remotely check all the machine’s working parameters and
control some of them, and provides the transmitter with the ability to trigger “alarms” when
problems arise while the transmitter is on air, possibly sending GSM Short Messages (SMS)
to the maintainer’s cellular phone or to any other number stored in the machine’s memory.
Telemetry is installed on the top rack of the transmitter, at the rear.
The bottom part of the telemetry contains the following connectors:
RS-485
I2C
18-0-18 V
RS-485
I2C
18-0-18 V
DB9 male connector for connecting the RS-485 bus from the CU
DB9 male connector for connecting the I2C bus from the CU
DB15 male to connect power from the CU
User & Technical Manual
71
PJ10KPS-CA
The top of the telemetry contains the following connectors:
Insert the SIM
card slot
Bridge to connect
the GSM modem
SMA connector for GSM antenna or external directional
antenna
Powe
ro
Gene n
ral
Mode alarms
Send m prese
nt
m
Mode sg
m
RS-2 com.
3
Loca 2
l
Waitin
g sta
rt
MODEM
RESET
/PRG
RS-232
FUSE
2A
FUSE
2A
Modem
RS-232
DB 9 female connector connected to the modem internal GSM
DB 9 female connector to connect the GSM modem, with telemetry, or
to connect with the PC via RS-232 to the transmitter
Reset/prg
Button to reset the telemetry or programming
Fuse 2A
Fuse protection
Fuse 2A
Fuse protection
Power on
The LED on indicates that the telemetry is powered
General alarms The LED on indicates that the memory of the telemetry alarms are present
Modem present The LED on indicates that the GSM modem is present and correctly
detected by the telemetry
Send sms
The LED on indicates that the GSM modem is sending SMS messages
Modem com.
The LED on indicates that the modem is connected
RS-232
The LED blinks when you connect your PC to the RS-232 telemetry to
communicate with the transmitter using the “Telecon 32bit”
Local
The LED on indicates that the transmitter is in LOCAL (via the selector
switch on the CCU) and telemetry will not send alert messages or you
can remotely connect to the transmitter
Waiting start
The LED blinks for about 45 on first boot. During this period, the telemetry, it analyzes the whole machine to check status and does not
send alerts
Note: you need to enter the bridge supplied with the telemetry between the connector MODEM and RS-232 to connect the GSM modem, otherwise will not work
Nota: Please note that to fully deploy the features of this telemetry system, the you will
need to sign a contract with a GSM service provider including DATA COMMUNICATIONS.
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PJ10KPS-CA
The use of the telemetry system requires the correct setting of the addresse in the connected pieces of equipment, since they communicate on a shared bus.
Set the Uart address of exciter 1 to “1”, exciter 2 to “2”.
To make this adjustment, from the main menu of the exciter place the cursor light on the
“Admin” and click on it.
Scroll down the menu next to the item “GenSt”, click on it and select “Uart Adr.” and set it to
1 on the first exciter (the lower) and 2 on the second (if present).
We must now set the address on the CU, which must be absolutely 3 (this address is already set to factory).
From the main menu (the one that shows the direct and reflected power), press the ESC
key and then OK and move the cursor bright, on the “Settings” menu and press OK. Select
the line “Talk Address” and press OK, with the UP ‘and DOWN keys’ set the parameter 3.
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PJ10KPS-CA
7.1
Dial-up via mobile
The commands that can be sent to the transmitter using SMS messages are as follows:
Command
Comando
INFO
TXON
TXOFF
LOWPWR
NOMPWR
ALARM
RESET
Reply
Risposta
name”Station: “station
“nome stazione”ID: “numero
identificativo”“ID number”“value”-assoluto”FWD: “valore
“value”assoluto”RFL: “valore
UNBAL: “value”
“valore assoluto”
TX Off
StdBy)TX On (or
(oppure
TX or
OffTX
oppure
TX StdBy)Low Power / Nom Power
Audio Present / Audio Absent
Alarm Present / Alarm Absent
“stationstazione”name”Station: “nome
ID: “numero
identificativo”“ID number”TX is On “stationstazione”name”Station: “nome
ID: “numero
identificativo”“ID number”TX is Off “stationstazione”name”Station: “nome
ID: “numero
identificativo”“ID number”LowPwr OKname”Station: “station
“nome stazione”number”ID: “ID
“numero
identificativo”NomPwr OK“stationstazione”name”Station: “nome
ID: “numero
identificativo”“ID number”the alarms
in memory”Alarm: “List
“lista of
allarmi
in memoria”
name”Station: “station
“nome stazione”ID: “numero
identificativo”“ID number”ALARM RESET OK-
Description
Descrizione
Information
the
Informazioni about
sullo stato
transmitter’s
status
del trasmettitore.
Switching
on the
Accensione
trasmettitore
transmitters
Switching
off the
Spegnimento
transmitters
trasmettitore
Low power
setting
Attivazione
Low
Power
Nominal power
Attivazione
Nominal
Power
setting
ListLista
of the
alarms
allarmi
in in
memory
memoria
Resetting
the alarms
Cancellazione
allarmi
in
in memory
memoria
Every time you send a command must always return back a reply message, to confirm that
the command was received and executed.
The reply message may arrive within a maximum time of 5 min. After this time the command
is void.
WARNING: The transmitter must be in REMOTE otherwise not receive any command.
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PJ10KPS-CA
7.2
Alarms
These are the alarms that the transmitter can send:
1
Foward Power
2
Reflected Power
3
Unbalanced Power
4
5
6
No Audio PTX1
No Audio PTX2
Mains Fault (only if there is the
UPS)
7
8
9
10
11
12
Fault Mod 1
Fault Mod 2
Fault Mod 3
Fault Mod 4
Fault Mod 5
Mains OK
User & Technical Manual
The power has dropped below the value
set in SET2 (menu settings of the CU)
The power has risen above the value set in
SET4 (menu settings of the CU)
The power on the dummy load has exceeded the 1000 W
No audio input to PTX1
No audio input to PTX2
Is no longer the power supply, the transmitter is turned off, the UPS takes on the logic
control, modulators and telemetry
Module 1 has shut down
Module 2 has shut down
Module 3 has shut down
Module 4 has shut down
Module 5 has shut down
It is not an alarm, is sent the first time you
turned on the telemetry or when the mains
voltage returns
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PJ10KPS-CA
8
Unpacking, installation and use
This chapter contains the basic instructions for installing and using the PJ10KPS-CA amplifier. If necessary, more in-depth information about the operating principles may be traced in
the next chapters.
8.1
Assembly
For practical reasons and for transport safety, the machine is usually supplied
disas-sembled to the customer. The assembly procedure is rather simple and can
be car-ried out by any qualified technician.
Caution: In order to avoid the risk of damaging the machine and/or of injuring the
operators, it is advisable to closely adhere to the instructions provided below. always
respect all the safety regulations and standards in force.
Identify the machine components:
• The rack (various components are assembled, such as the coupler, the splitter,
the control unit, the main blower) [Figure 5-1 a)]
• The 5 RF modules [Figure 5-1 b)]
• The exciters [Figure 5-1 d)]. (As a rule the amplifier is supplied as a complete
transmitter. This example shows two PTXLCD exciters produced by R.V.R.
Elettronica. Usually the exciters are pre-assembled inside the rack).
Check that all the components are in perfect working order. Should there be any
kind of problem, for instance if there is any damage caused by the transport of the
components, read the instructions associated with the Warranty at the beginning
of this manual (chapter 2).
1. Install the rack in the location where the transmitter will work. The rack is mounted
on wheels for simplifying its movement, therefore after having positioned it
where expected, it is advisable to use the four screws at the bottom of the rack
to steady it perpendicular to the ground.
The transmitter is cooled by forced ventilation. The air outlet is on the machine’s
roof whereas in the standard configuration the air intake is envisaged at the back
of the machine. If you opt for this solution, install the machine at least 50 cm.
away from the back wall, so that air can flow under optimal conditions.
2. Remove the protection panels of the RF modules .
Figure 5.1
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PJ10KPS-CA
3 Insert the first amplifying module into the RF modules compartment [Figure
5-2].
Figure 5.2
The modules have a groove at the top and one at the bottom: insert the modules
so that the guides in the compartment fit into these grooves. Slide the module
until the two fixing screws fit into their seats. Then tighten the fixing screws at
the same time so that the module inserts into its compartment remaining parallel
until it is perfectly in place.
4. Connect the machine’s main power supply cable. Route the cable (5-pole type)
through the raceway on the machine’s roof [Figure 5-5 a)] and fix the conductors
to the terminals of the top [Figure 5-5 b)].
Input mains voltage
Three-phase
GND N R S T
Figure
a) 5.5a
Input mains voltage
Mono-phase
GND N F
b)
Figure 5.5b
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PJ10KPS-CA
!
Caution: The connection of the machine to the electric alimentation is performed
fixing to a 5 poles (or a 3 pole) cable with bare terminals to a terminal block. Making
sure without any possibility of error that the cable is not under tension while working
on it.
It is reccomended not to turn on the machine without first have connected the RF
exit to the antenna or to the dummy load!
The PJ10KPS-CA requires a three power supply 3F (black, brown and grey) + N
(blue) + GND (green yellow) able to give 50A for phase. Keep this requirement in
mind in connecting to the personal distribution board.
5. Reposition the protection panels of the RF modules.
6. If the PJ10KPS-CA was not supplied complete with pre-assembled exciters,
insert and connect the exciters into the appropriate housings.
8.2
First start
8.3
Preliminary operation
This section describes the procedure for powering-on the machine the first time.
For simplicity’s sake, the automatic control capacities of the exciters are temporarily
disabled.
Before activating this piece of equipment, the necessary connections must be
performed, and in particular:
• Power supply (MUST BE EQUAL TO WHICH HAS BEEN DESIGNED THE
MACHINE, OTHERWISE YOU MIGHT PERMANENTLY DAMAGE, R.V.R.
ELETTRONICA S.p.A. DOESN’T ASSUME RESPONSIBILITY.)
• Modulating signals
• RF load (antenna feeder or dummy load).
The machine’s RF output is the “EIA 1 5/8” flanged type and is accessed on the roof
of the PJ10KPS-CA. If a dummy load capable of dissipating the RF power generated
by the transmitter is available, it is advisable to run the first tests by connecting to
it rather than to the transmission antenna.
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PJ10KPS-CA
8.4
Power-on
When powering-on the transmitter the first time, perform the operations outlined in
the table below.
The “Result” column indicates the immediate results of the operations performed
plus a few indications that confirm that the machine is working efficiently.
Should any inconsistencies occur as compared to these indications, interrupt the
procedure and identify the reason for the malfunction before resuming the procedure.
Operation
Result
Turn the “Mains” switch The whole transmitter is powered. The machine is activated in the same
status it was in when it was turned off the last time
Press the OFF key of the control unit
RF emission by the transmitter is inhibited; the exciters are off; the RF
amplifier modules are off
Press the EXCITER CHANGEOVER key of the control unit
The automatic management for the exciters changeover is disabled.
The MANUAL LED must be on (otherwise press the key again)
Press the STDBY key of the control unit
The exciters are turned on in interlock status. The RF amplifying
modules stay disabled. Being in manual modality, the exciters could be
unlocked to verify the operation (see 8.5).
Set the parameters of the control unit
This procedure is described in chapter 5 on in this manual. The control
unit communicates the nominal power and reduced power values to the
RF modules. It also handles the coaxial relays so that the on air exciter
is the desired one and sets the exciter to ON mode
Set the exciters
Adhere to the instructions of the exciters used for setting the required
work frequency on the exciters. Regulate the output power of the
exciters to 20 W.
Press POWER LOWER and ON
The current exciter is activated (the interlock is released from the
exciter) and its power emission is enabled. The power emitted by the
PJ10KPS-CA amplifier increases gradually until it attains the level that
had been set previously as “Reduced power”. Check the emitted power
level by means of the analog instrument with the selector switched to
FWD PWR position
Press NOMINAL POWER
Power supplied by PJ10KPS-CA increases and attains the set nominal
value. Check it on the analog instrument.
When the transmitter is on and works at its nominal power, the whole series of
“accessory” checks and settings deemed necessary may be carried out before
starting up the apparatus.
8.5
Control unit settings
The settings of the control unit that are required for starting up the machine,
mentioned in the powering-on procedure, are the following:
1. Setting of the power levels
2. Setting of the on air exciter
Before performing the first operation, click the ESC and OK button. The display
shows the screenful for selecting the menus [Figure 5-7]. Click the arrow keys
until the cursor highlights the line associated with the Setting menu. Click OK: the
software will show the associated screenful on the display [Figure 5-8].
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PJ10KPS-CA
Figure 5-7
Figure 5-8
On having accessed the Settings menu, use the arrow keys to select the nominal
power line (Pwr. Out) and click OK. Use the arrow keys to decrease or increase the
indicated percentage value up to the required level. Click OK again to set this value.
Repeat the operation for the line associated with the reduced power level (Pwr. Lower).
NB
The new power level is transmitted to the combiner module and then stored in EEPROM
only when the ESC button is clicked.
When inside this menu, it is advisable to check the date and time lines and update
them if necessary. Note: the date and time are used only for marking the events in
the alarms register.
NB
The date and time do not need to be updated in the transmitter in order for it to work
efficiently.
On having completed these settings, click ESC to return to the selection screenful.
In order to set the on air exciter, select the Exciters menu [Figure 5-9]. Take into
consideration the On Air Exciter line: the number to the right indicates the exciter
being used. To change it simply highlight the line and click OK.
To have the correct efficiency of the transmitter, the exciters should
stay at 20/22 W, unless stated otherwise indicated on the modulator,
depending on the version and frequency. The power of the transmitter
should be adjusted from the menu “Settings”.
DO NOT RESPECT THIS COULD DAMAGE THE EQUIPMENT
LDMOS, RVR ELETTRONICA S.P.A. DISCLAIMS THE WARRANTY.
The exchange of the exciters is assisted from the software, that is when the
commutation is carried out , the interlock comes systematized in the correct way
independently from like they were. The interlock could be modified also manually in
case of necessity.
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PJ10KPS-CA
Figure 5-9
8.6
Management of the exciters
The control unit can perform the automatic changeover between exciters if one
malfunctions. The Manual LED on the panel indicates, when it is lighted up, that the
automatic changeover function is disabled. In order to enable it, click the EXCITER
CHANGEOVER button and check that the LED turns off.
In function of the state of the PJ10KPS-CA automatism, the behavior of the machine
will be various. In this chapter are described the different cases.
8.6.1
Start-up from power-on with exciters in manual mode
When powering on the machine with the exciters in manual mode, the apparatus
does not perform any check, both mute RF signals are active and the changeover
relay remains in standby status. Use the exciters menu to activate an exciter.
NB
8.6.2
This is why, if the transmitter is left in manual mode, any momentary power failure
will cause the transmitter to be inactive when turned on again. Therefore it is
advisable to leave the PJ10KPS-CA in automatic mode when you are not performing
maintenance operations.
From OFF to ON with exciters in manual
When switching from OFF (or STDBY) to ON with the exciters in manual mode,
the apparatus does not perform any check and the exciter that is currently set to
on air is the one that is aired.
If the mains signal is not OK, the exciters turn off automatically.
If the maximum drive power is exceeded during operations, the PJ10KPS-CA is
set to fault status and power supply is cut to the exciters. A message in the alarms
menu signals this fault.
When the apparatus is set to STDBY, the mute RF signals of the exciters are not
activated and may be modified by the operator.
When the apparatus is set to EXT INT or AUX INT, the mute RF signals of the
exciters are not activated and may be modified by the operator.
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PJ10KPS-CA
8.6.3
Automatic changeover
When the PJ10KPS-CA is in the exciter automatic changeover mode, the power
emitted by the on air exciter is checked constantly. If at any time the on air exciter
is no longer good (i.e. power drops to below the preset level), the apparatus is kept
operational whereas the exciter connected to the internal Dummy Load turns on.
If the latter one is good (i.e. it is capable of supplying the required power), then
the two exciters are changed over. Instead if the alternative exciter is not good, no
changeover takes place, the control unit commands the mute RF of the exciter to
Dummy Load, it waits 120 s. and repeats the attempt. This procedure is repeated
indefinitely until one of the two exciters is considered to be good.
During the whole length of time during which there is no good exciter, the PJ10KPSCA keeps the WAIT LED on for signaling this status.
Each exciter is fitted with its own mute RF. On being commanded, the piloting signal
must return to zero within 3 seconds at the most. If this does not occur, the fault is
recorded by an error message that is entered in the alarms menu.
If the mains signal is not OK, the exciters turn off automatically. If the piloting power
exceeds the limit during operations, the PJ10KPS-CA is set to the FAULT status
and the power supply of the exciters is turned off. A message in the alarms menu
signals the fault. Keep in mind that the operator’s intervention is required to exit
from the FAULT status.
If the MAINS signal coming from the bus is not OK, the exciters are all turned off.
As soon as the MAINS signal is regular again, the evaluation cycle of the exciters
begins (see 8.6.4).
When the apparatus is set to STDBY, the mute RF signals of the exciters are
activated and as such both exciters are inhibited. If the ON key is pressed, the
system re-evaluates both exciters in the same manner as in the procedure from
OFF to ON (see 8.6.4).
When the apparatus is set to EXT INT or AUX INT, the mute RF signals of the
exciters are activated and therefore both exciters are inhibited. When the external
interlocks are released, the system re-evaluates both exciters as during the phase
from OFF to ON (see 8.6.4).
8.6.4
Phase from ON to OFF
When the apparatus is set to OFF status and you press the ON button, the power
supply of the exciters is activated and the logic starts to evaluate the exciters. During
the evaluation phase, the WAIT LED stays ON.
When the apparatus is turned OFF, it memorizes the exciter on air. Consequently
when the machine restarts it can attempt to restore the previous conditions. On the
machine restarting, if the exciter that is to be aired does not attain the preset power
level whereas the spare one is operational, the apparatus performs the changeover
when the evaluation time (120 s.) expires.
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PJ10KPS-CA
On the machine restarting, if both exciters do not attain the preset power level, the
apparatus airs the one that had been present when the machine was turned off,
after the evaluation time has expired.
8.6.5
Start-up with exciters in automatic mode
The sequence run by the PJ10KPS-CA, when the power supply is activated while
it is already in ON status and the exciters are in automatic mode, is identical to
the one run for switching from OFF to ON. The only difference is that a screenful
displays the countdown for determining the fault of the exciters. During this phase
the manual/automatic button is inhibited and in order to set the exciters to manual
mode you must press the OFF button of the apparatus.
8.6.6
Audio alarm
The control unit of the PJ10KPSCA can manage a fault signal, for each exciter,
which normally has an “Audio Alarm” meaning. The control software of the PJ10KPSCA does not intervene in triggering these signals since they must be checked by
the exciters (or by any other connected devices).
The Audio Alarm signals are made up of two inputs for the logical signals on the
parallel interface and on the “mute RF” command connector of the exciters.
The control unit manages these signals just like it manages the power good signals:
• Each “Audio alarm” signal is associated with its own exciter
• If the audio signal, associated with the exciter that is currently on air, enters an
alarm status, the PJ10KPS-CA waits for the time configured in the exciter menu
before it attempts the restoring operation
• If the audio of the aired exciter is still in alarm status on the elapsing of the
aforesaid time interval, the control unit checks if the audio of the exciter on the
dummy load is regular. In this case the changeover between the exciters is
performed.
Observe the following differences as compared to the case in which power is missing:
• The management of the “Audio alarm” signals is not active during the start-up
phase and during the switching phase from OFF to ON, but only when the exciters
are working in automatic.
• In the standard configuration, the aforesaid sequence continues until the audio
signal associated with one of the exciters becomes regular again. In the “N+1”
configuration, the switching attempt is performed only twice, after which the
PJ10KPS-CA enters the fault status.
• An Audio Alarm output is provided on the parallel interface: this signal is activated
(with no delays) when the audio of the exciter that is currently on air is in alarm
status.
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PJ10KPS-CA
8.6.7
Protection and alarms
The PJ10KPS-CA contains a complete protection and alarms system, both at the
individ-ual modules level and at the control unit level.
The modules are fitted with a micro-processor-based system that manages any
malfunctions locally. The associated information is communicated to the control
unit for displaying and storing the events and for the centralized management of
the events that require it.
Certain LEDs of the PJ10KPS-CA panel are dedicated to the management of the
alarms:
LEDDescription
WARNING
This LED indicates a warning (something is not correctly working, but
the amplifier is still working)
FAULT
This LED indicates a fault (the amplifier is shut off, the operator’s
intervention is required)
WAIT
This LED indicates the wait status (the amplifier is temporarily off, it will
be restarted as soon as the reason that keeps it from working will be
removed, or after a fixed amount of time depending on the reason of
the intervention of the protection system)
The ALARM RESET button is used for resetting the alarms and restarting the
machine.
A complete description of the alarms and protection system is given in chapter 5.3.
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Revision History
Date
Version
30/05/2013
2.0
18/07/2013
2.1
12/09/2013
2.2
16/10/2013
2.3
18/09/2013
2.4
20/09/2013
2.5-2.6-2.7
11/03/2014
2.8
Reason
New version
Updating
Updating
Updating
Updating
Special version
Updated:
CPU module diagram
CPU combiner diagram
CPU power supply diagram
Bias board module diagram
RF Power measure board (FWD) diagram
RF Power measure board (RFL) diagram
Dummy load diagram
Editor
Nicolini D.
Nicolini D.
Nicolini D.
Nicolini D.
Nicolini D.
Nicolini D.
Nicolini D.
01/04/2014
2.9
Updated:
Bias board module diagram
Relay interface diagram
220/380v wiring diagram
Low tension and signal wiring diagram
Nicolini D.
14/05/2014
3.0
Nicolini D.
30/07/2015
3.1
Added:
PFC (PFCPSL4280) diagram
Updated:
Directional coupler (RF module)
Various codes boards
Bias settings
Added:
Mono-phase version
Created Technical annex for diagrams
Nicolini D.
© Copyright 2014
R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A.
Via del Fonditore 2/2c – 40138 Bologna Italia
Telephone: +39 051 6010506
Fax: +39 051 6011104
E-mail: [email protected]
Web: www.rvr.it
All rights reserved
Printed and bound in Italy. No part of this manual may be reproduced, memorized or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanic, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system,
without written permission of the copyright owner.
User & Technical Manual
87
R.V.R Elettronica S.p.A.
Via del Fonditore, 2 / 2c
Zona Industriale Roveri · 40138 Bologna · Italy
Phone: +39 051 6010506 · Fax: +39 051 6011104
e-mail: [email protected] ·web: http://www-rvr-it
ISO 9001:2000 certified since 2000
The RVR Logo, and others referenced RVR products and services are trademarks of RVR Elettronica S.p.A. in Italy, other countries or both. RVR ® 1998 all rights reserved.
All other trademarks, trade names or logos used are property of their respective owners.
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