D0-ANLG-M Manual - AutomationDirect

D0-ANLG-M Manual - AutomationDirect
DL05
4 Channel
Analog Input Module
Manual Number D0--ANLG--M
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1
Manual Revisions
i
If you contact us in reference to this manual, be sure to include the revision number.
Title: DL05 4-Channel Analog Input Manual
Manual Number: D0--ANLG--M
Issue
Original
Date
1/00
Effective Pages
Description of Changes
Original Issue
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel
Analog Current Input
1
In This Chapter. . . .
— Module Specifications
— Setting the Module Jumper
— Connecting and Disconnecting the Field Wiring
— Wiring Diagram
— Module Operation
— Special V-memory Locations
— Using the Pointer in Your Control Program
— Detecting Input Signal Loss
— Scale Conversions
— Special Relays
1–2
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
Module Specifications
The F0-04AD-1 Analog Input module offers the
following features:
S The DL05 reads all four channels in one
scan.
S The removable terminal block makes it
possible to remove the module without
disconnecting the field wiring.
S Analog inputs can be used as process
variables for the (4) PID loops included in
the DL05 CPU.
S Field device burn–out is detected on all four
channels when 4–20mA range is selected.
S On-board active analog filtering and
RISC-like microcontroller provide digital
signal processing to maintain precise
analog
measurements
in
noisy
environments.
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
1–3
The following tables provide the specifications for the F0–04AD–1 Analog Input
Module. Review these specifications to make sure the module meets your application
requirements.
Input
Specifications
4, single ended (one common)
Input Range
0 to 20 mA or 4 to 20 mA current (jumper selectable)
Resolution
12 bit (1 in 4096) for 0–20mA, scaled for 4–20mA
Step Response
25.0 mS (typ) to 95% of full step change
Crosstalk
–80 dB, 1/2 count maximum *
Active Low-pass Filtering
–3 dB at 40Hz (–12 dB per octave)
Input Impedance
125 Ohm ±0.1%, !/8 W current input
Absolute Maximum Ratings
–30 mA to +30 mA,
mA current input
Converter type
Successive approximation
Linearity Error (End to End)
±1 count (0
(0.025%
025% of full scale) maximum *
Input Stability
±1 count *
Full Scale Calibration Error
(Offset error not included)
±10 counts maximum, @ 20mA current in
input
ut *
Offset Calibration Error
±5 counts maximum
maximum, @ 4mA current input *
Maximum Inaccuracy
±.4% @ 25°C
25 C (77°F)
(77 F)
±.85% 0 to 60_C (32 to 140°F)
Accuracy vs. Temperature
Tem erature
±80 ppm/_C
m/ C maximum full scale calibration
(including maximum offset change)
Recommended Fuse (external)
0 032 A,
0.032
A Series 217 fast-acting,
fast-acting current inputs
* One count in the specification table is equal to one least significant bit of the analog
data value (1 in 4096).
General
Specifications
PLC Update Rate
4 channels per scan
16–bit Data Word
12 binary data bits
bits, 2 channel ID bits
bits, 2 diagnostic bits
Operating Temperature
0 to 60_ C (32 to 140° F)
Storage Temperature
-20 to 70_ C (-4 to 158° F)
Relative Humidity
5 to 95% (non-condensing)
Environmental air
No corrosive gases permitted
Vibration
MIL STD 810C 514.2
Shock
MIL STD 810C 516.2
Noise Immunity
NEMA ICS3–304
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
Number of Channels
1–4
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
Setting the Module Jumper
The default jumper setting selects a 4–20mA signal source.
The default jumper setting
does not connect the two pins.
OFF = 4 – 20
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
The position of jumper J3 determines the input signal level. You can choose
between 4–20mA and 0–20mA. The module ships with the jumper not connecting
the two pins. In this position, the expected input signal is 4–20mA. To select
0–20mA signals, use the jumper to cover both pins.
J3
WARNING: Before removing the analog module or the terminal block on the face of the
module, disconnect power to the PLC and all field devices. Failure to disconnect
power can result in damage to the PLC and/or field devices.
Connecting and Disconnecting the Field Wiring
Wiring Guidelines Your company may have guidelines for wiring and cable installation. If so, you
should check those before you begin the installation. Here are some general
things to consider:
S Use the shortest wiring route whenever possible.
S Use shielded wiring and ground the shield at the transmitter source. Do
not ground the shield at both the module and the source.
S Do not run the signal wiring next to large motors, high current switches, or
transformers. This may cause noise problems.
S Route the wiring through an approved cable housing to minimize the risk
of accidental damage. Check local and national codes to choose the
correct method for your application.
The F0–04AD–1 does not supply power to field devices. You will need to power
transmitters separately from the PLC.
To remove the terminal block, disconnect power to the PLC and the field devices.
Pull the terminal block firmly until the connector separates from the module.
You can remove the analog module from the PLC by folding out the retaining tabs
at the top and bottom of the module. As the retaining tabs pivot upward and
outward, the module’s connector is lifted out of the DL05 socket. Once the
connector is free, you can lift the module out of its slot.
1–5
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
Wiring Diagram
Use the following diagram to connect the field wiring. If necessary, the F0–04AD–1
terminal block can be removed to make removal of the module possible without
disturbing field wiring.
Internal
Module
Wiring
A n a lo g In pu t
4 –CH A N N EL S
0 – 20 m A
4 – 20 m A
–
+
+
CH1
4–wire
–
4–20mA
Transmitter
CH1+
PWR
–
+
RUN
ohms
125
ohms
+
+
CH3
2-wire
4–20mA
–
Transmitter
CH2–
CH3+
+
1
–
CH3–
125
ohms
125
ohms
+
2
–
A to D
Converter
+
3
–
+
4
–
+
–
Analog Switch
CH2+
–
+
CH4
2-wire
–
4–20mA
Transmitter
CPU
T X1
R X1
T X2
RX2
CH4+
–
NOTE 1: Shields should be grounded at the signal
source.
NOTE 2: Connect all external power supply commons.
NOTE 3: A Series 217, 0.032A fast–acting fuse is
recommended for current loops.
Current Loop
Transmitter
Impedance
125
+
+
CH2
3–wire
–
4–20mA
Transmitter
CH1–
F0– 04 AD–1
CH4–
– +
18-30VDC
Supply
OV
Transmitter Supply
Manufacturers of transmitters and transducers specify a wide variety of power
sources for their products. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations.
In some cases, manufacturers specify a minimum loop or load resistance that must
be used with the transmitter. The F0-04AD-1 provides 125 ohm resistance for each
channel. If your transmitter requires a load resistance below 125 ohms, you do not
have to make any changes. However, if your transmitter requires a load resistance
higher than 125 ohms, you need to add a resistor in series with the module.
Consider the following example for a transmitter being operated from a 30 VDC
supply with a recommended load resistance of 750 ohms. Since the module has a
125 ohm resistor, you need to add an additional resistor.
R + Tr * Mr
R + 750 * 125
R w 625
R = resistor to add
Tr = Transmitter Requirement
Mr = Module resistance (internal 125 ohms)
Two-wire Transmitter
+
–
DC Supply
+30V
0V
Module Channel 1
R
CH1+
CH1–
125 ohms
0V
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
+
Typical User Wiring
–
+ –
+ –
+ –
+
CH4 CH3
CH2
CH1
See NOTE 1
1–6
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
Module Operation
Channel
The DL05 reads all four channels of input data during each scan. The CPU supports
special V-memory locations that are used to manage the data transfer. This is
Scanning
Sequence with a discussed in more detail in the section on Writing the Control Program.
DL05
Scan
DL05 PLC
Read Inputs
Execute Application Program
Read the data
Store data
Scan N
Ch 1, 2, 3, 4
Scan N+1
Ch 1, 2, 3, 4
Scan N+2
Ch 1, 2, 3, 4
Scan N+3
Ch 1, 2, 3, 4
Scan N+4
Ch 1, 2, 3, 4
Write to Outputs
Analog Module
Updates
Even though the channel updates to the CPU are synchronous with the CPU scan,
the module asynchronously monitors the analog transmitter signals and converts
each signal into a 12-bit binary representation. This enables the module to
continuously provide accurate measurements without slowing down the discrete
control logic in the RLL program.
The module takes approximately 25 milliseconds to sense 95% of the change in the
analog signal. For the vast majority of applications, the process changes are much
slower than these updates.
NOTE: If you are comparing other manufacturers’ update times (step responses)
with ours, please be aware that some manufacturers refer to the time it takes to
convert the analog signal to a digital value. Our analog to digital conversion takes
only a few microseconds. It is the settling time of the filter that is critical in
determining the full “update time.” Our update time specification includes the filter
settling time.
1–7
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
Special V-memory Locations
The DL05 series has two special V-memory locations assigned to the analog input
module. These V-memory locations allow you to:
S specify the data format (binary or BCD)
S specify the number of channels to scan (4 channels for the F0–04AD–1)
S specify the V-memory locations to store the input data
The table below shows the special V-memory locations used by the DL05 PLC for
analog input modules.
Analog Input Module
V-memory Locations
Data Type and Number of Channels
V7700
Storage Pointer
V7701
Structure of V7700 The DL05 PLC allows the use of bits 8 – 15 for identifying the number of input
channels and the data type (binary or BCD). The F0-04AD-1 module actually uses
only bits 10 and 15, as shown in the diagram below. Bit 10 identifies the module as a
4 channel analog input module. This bit should be set to 1 for the F0-04AD-1
module. Bit 15 is used to distinguish BCD (= 0) and binary (= 1).
Loading a constant of 0400h into V7700
puts a “1” in bit 10. This identifies a
4 channel analog input module in the
DL05 option slot, and stores the input
data values as BCD numbers.
MSB
Loading a constant of 8400h into V7700
puts a “1” in bit 15 and bit 10. This identifies a 4 channel analog input module in
the DL05 option slot, and stores the input values as binary numbers.
MSB
LSB
1 1 1 1 1 19 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
5 4 3 2 1 0
LSB
1 1 1 1 1 19 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
5 4 3 2 1 0
Structure of V7701 The DL05 PLC uses V7701 as a pointer to a V-memory location used for storing
analog input data. The value loaded in V7701 is an octal number identifying the first
word in a contiguous range of V-memory locations. For the F0-04AD-1 module, you
will identify the first of four V-memory locations since it is a 4 channel module. For
example, loading O2000 causes the pointer to write channel 1’s data value to
V2000, channel 2’s data value to V2001, channel 3’s data value to V2002, and
channel 4’s data value to V2003.
You will find an example program that loads appropriate values to V7700 and
V7701 on page 1–9.
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
Data Formatting
1–8
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
Analog Data
Bits
Module
Resolution
The first twelve bits represent the analog
data in binary format.
Bit
Value
Bit
Value
0
1
6
64
1
2
7
128
2
4
8
256
3
8
9
512
4
16
10
1024
5
32
11
2048
Since the module has 12-bit resolution,
the analog signal is converted into 4096
counts ranging from 0 – 4095 (212). For
example, a 4mA signal would be 0 and a
20mA signal would be 4095. This is
equivalent to a binary value of
0000 0000 0000 to 1111 1111 1111, or
000 to FFF hexadecimal. The diagram to
the right shows how this relates to the
signal range.
Each count can also be expressed in
terms of the signal level by using the
equation shown.
MSB
LSB
4 – 20mA
20mA
4mA
0
4095
Resolution + H * L
4095
H = high limit of the signal range
L = low limit of the signal range
16mA / 4095 = 3.907µA per count
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
1–9
Using the Pointer in Your Control Program
Using the program below, the CPU examines the pointer values (the beginning
memory location identified in V7701) on the first scan only.
The example program below shows how to setup these locations. Place this rung
anywhere in the ladder program or in the initial stage if you are using stage
programming instructions.
This is all that is required to read the analog input data into V-memory locations.
Once the data is in V-memory you can perform math on the data, compare the data
against preset values, and so forth. V2000 is used in the example but you can use
any user V-memory location.
SP0
LD
K 04 00
- or -
LD
K 84 00
Loads a constant that specifies the number of channels to scan and the
data format. The upper byte selects the data format (i.e. 0=BCD,
8=Binary) and the number of channels (set to 4 for the F0–01AD–1).
The binary format is used for displaying data on some operator
interfaces. The DL05 PLCs support binary math functions.
OUT
V7700
LDA
O2000
OUT
V7701
Special V-memory location assigned to the expansion slot contains the
data format and the number of channels to scan.
This loads an octal value for the first V-memory location that will be used
to store the incoming data. For example, the O2000 entered here would
designate the following addresses.
Ch1 – V2000, Ch2 – V2001, Ch3 – V2002, Ch 4 – V2003
The octal address (O2000) is stored here. V7701 is assigned to the expansion slot and acts as a pointer, which means the CPU will use the
octal value in this location to determine exactly where to store the incoming data.
1–10
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
Detecting Input Signal Loss
Analog Signal
Loss
The F0–04AD–1 analog module can sense the loss of analog input signals in
4–20mA loops. The Special Relays described on page 1–12 allow you to use this
feature in your ladder program. For example, in the rung below SP610 is used to
pull-in coil Y1, which would be used to open or close an external circuit.
SP610
The Special Relay SP610 detects
a loss of input signal to channel 1.
Use SP610 to trigger an alarm or
shut down a machine.
Y1
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
OUT
NOTE: The F0–04AD–1 analog module cannot sense the loss of analog input
signals in 0–20mA loops. See page for information about setting the jumper to
select your input type.
Scale Conversions
Scaling the
Input Data
Many applications call for measurements in engineering units, which can be
more meaningful than raw data. Convert
to engineering units using the formula
shown to the right.
You may have to make adjustments to
the formula depending on the scale you
choose for the engineering units.
Units + A H * L
4095
H = High limit of the engineering
unit range
L = Low limit of the engineering
unit range
A = Analog value (0 – 4095)
For example, if you wanted to measure pressure (PSI) from 0.0 to 99.9 then you
would have to multiply the analog value by 10 in order to imply a decimal place when
you view the value with the programming software or a handheld programmer.
Notice how the calculations differ when you use the multiplier.
Analog Value of 2024, slightly less than half scale, should yield 49.4 PSI
Example without multiplier
Example with multiplier
Units + A H * L
4095
Units + 10 A H * L
4095
Units + 2024 100 * 0
4095
Units + 20240 100 * 0
4095
Units + 49
Units + 494
Handheld Display
V 2001 V 2000
0000 0049
Handheld Display
V 2001 V 2000
0000 0494
This value is more accurate
1–11
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
The Conversion
Program
The following example shows how you would write the program to perform the
engineering unit conversion. This example assumes you have BCD data loaded
into the appropriate V-memory locations using instructions that apply for the model
of CPU you are using.
Note: this example uses SP1, which is always on. You
could also use an X, C, etc. permissive contact.
SP1
LD
V2000
When SP1 is on, load channel 1 data to the accumulator.
MUL
K1000
Multiply the accumulator by 1000 (to start the conversion).
DIV
K4095
Divide the accumulator by 4095.
OUT
V2010
Analog and
Digital Value
Conversions
Store the result in V2010.
Sometimes it is useful to convert between the signal levels and the digital values.
This is especially helpful during machine startup or troubleshooting. The following
table provides formulas to make this conversion easier.
Range
If you know the digital value...
If you know the analog signal level...
4 to 20mA
A + 16D ) 4
4095
D + 4095 (A * 4)
16
0 to 20mA
A + 20D
4095
D + 4095
20
For example, if you have measured the
signal as 10mA, you can use the formula
to determine the digital value that will be
stored in the V-memory location that
contains the data.
D + 4095 (A * 4)
16
4095
D+
(10mA – 4)
16
D + (255.93) (6)
D + 1536
1–12
F0-04AD-1 4-Channel Analog Current Input
Special Relays
F2–04AD–1, (L)
4-Ch. Current Input
The list of other Special Relays associated with the DL05 PLC is contained in the
DL05 User Manual. The following special relays are new and relate to the status of
the F0–04AD–1 module or one of its input channels.
SP600 Chan 1 input type
0 = 0 – 20mA
1 = 4 – 20mA
SP601 Chan 2 input type
0 = 0 – 20mA
1 = 4 – 20mA
SP602 Chan 3 input type
0 = 0 – 20mA
1 = 4 – 20mA
SP603 Chan 4 input type
0 = 0 – 20mA
1 = 4 – 20mA
SP610 Chan 1 input open
0 = xmitter signal open
1 = xmitter signal good
SP611
Chan 2 input open
0 = xmitter signal open
1 = xmitter signal good
SP612 Chan 3 input open
0 = xmitter signal open
1 = xmitter signal good
SP613 Chan 4 input open
0 = xmitter signal open
1 = xmitter signal good
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