Manual MultiPlus Compact 12 | 2000 | 80-50 120V 24 | 2000 | 50

Manual MultiPlus Compact 12 | 2000 | 80-50 120V 24 | 2000 | 50

Manual

MultiPlus Compact

12 | 2000 | 80-50 120V

24 | 2000 | 50-50 120V

Copyrights  2008 Victron Energy B.V.

All Rights Reserved

This publication or parts thereof may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any purpose.

For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication in other than the

English language, contact Victron Energy B.V.

VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER EXPRESSED OR

IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF

MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING

THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH VICTRON ENERGY

PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY ON AN “AS IS” BASIS.

IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR

SPECIAL, COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN

CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE

VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS. THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO

VICTRON ENERGY B.V., REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT

EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS

DESCRIBED HERE IN.

Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit.

This publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication and may not reflect the product at all times in the future

1. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

General

Please familiarize yourself with the safety features and instructions by first reading the documentation supplied with this product before using the equipment. This product has been designed and tested in accordance with international standards. The equipment must be used exclusively for the purpose for which it was designed.

WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD.

The product is used in conjunction with a permanent energy source (battery). Input and/or output terminals may still be dangerously energized, even when the equipment is switched off. Always switch off the AC supply and the battery before carrying out maintenance or servicing the product.

The product has no internal user-serviceable components. Do not remove the front plate or operate the product if any panels have been removed. All servicing must be undertaken by qualified personnel.

Never use the product where there is a risk of gas or dust explosions. Consult the battery manufacturer's information to ascertain that the product is intended for use in conjunction with the battery. Always comply with the battery manufacturer's safety instructions.

WARNING: Do not lift heavy loads without assistance.

Installation

Read the installation instructions in the installation manual before installing the equipment.

This is a Safety Class I product (supplied with a protective grounding terminal).

Uninterruptible protective grounding must be provided at the AC input and/or output terminals. Alternatively the grounding point located externally on the product may be

used. Whenever it is likely that the grounding protection has been damaged, the product must be turned off and secured against unintended operation; please contact qualified service staff.

Ensure that the DC and AC input cables are fused and fitted with circuit breakers. Never replace a safety component with a different type. Consult the manual to determine the correct component.

Before applying power, ensure that the available power source matches the configuration settings of the product as described in the manual.

Ensure that the equipment is used under the correct ambient conditions. Never operate the product in a wet or dusty environment. Ensure there is adequate free space for ventilation around the product and check that the ventilation vents are not blocked.

Ensure that the required system voltage does not exceed the product's capacity.

Transport and Storage

Ensure that the mains power and battery leads have been disconnected before storing or transporting the product.

No liability can be accepted for any transport damage if the equipment is shipped in nonoriginal packaging.

Store the product in a dry environment; the storage temperature must be between -20°C and

60°C.

Consult the battery manufacturer's manual in respect of transport, storage, charging, recharging and disposal of the battery.

2. DESCRIPTION

2.1 General

Multi Compact -functional

The MultiPlus Compact gets its name from the multiple functions it can perform. It is a powerful true sine wave inverter, a sophisticated battery charger that features adaptive charge technology and a high-speed AC transfer switch in a single compact enclosure.

Beside these primary functions, however, the MultiPlus Compact has several advanced features that provide a range of new applications as outlined below.

Uninterrupted AC power

In the event of a grid failure, or shore or generator power being disconnected, the inverter within the Multi Compact is automatically activated and takes over supply to the connected loads. This happens so fast (less than 20 milliseconds) that computers and other electronic equipment will continue to operate without disruption.

PowerControl – Dealing with limited generator or shore side power

With a Phoenix Multi Control Panel a maximum generator or shore current can be set. The

Multi Compact will then take account of other AC loads and use whatever is extra for charging, thus preventing the generator or shore supply from being overloaded.

PowerAssist – Boosting the capacity of shore or generator power

This feature takes the principle of PowerControl to a further dimension allowing the MultiPlus

Compact to supplement the capacity of the alternative source. Where peak power is so often required only for a limited period, it is possible to reduce the size of generator needed or conversely enable more to be achieved from the typically limited shore connection. When the load reduces, the spare power is used to recharge the battery.

Programmable relay

The MultiPlus is equipped with a programmable relay that by default is set as an alarm relay.

The relay can be programmed for all kinds of other applications however, for example as a starter relay for a generator.

2.2 Battery charger

Adaptive 4-stage charging characteristics: bulk – absorption – float – storage

The microprocessor-driven adaptive battery management system can be adjusted for various types of batteries. The adaptive function automatically adapts the charging process to battery use.

The right amount of charge: variable absorption time

In the event of slight battery discharge, absorption is kept short to prevent overcharging and excessive gas formation. After deep discharging, the absorption time is automatically extended in order to fully charge the battery.

Preventing damage due to excessive gassing: the BatterySafe mode

If, in order to quickly charge a battery, a high charge current in combination with a high absorption voltage has been chosen, damage due to excessive gassing will be prevented by automatically limiting the rate of voltage increase once the gassing voltage has been reached.

Less maintenance and aging when the battery is not in use: the Storage mode

The Storage mode kicks in whenever the battery has not been subjected to discharge during

24 hours. In the Storage mode float voltage is reduced to 2,2V/cell (13,2V for 12V battery) to minimise gassing and corrosion of the positive plates. Once a week the voltage is raised back to the absorption level to ‘equalize’ the battery. This feature prevents stratification of the electrolyte and sulphation, a major cause of early battery failure.

Two DC outputs for charging two batteries

The main DC terminal can supply the full output current. The second output, intended for charging a starter battery, is limited to 4A and has a slightly lower output voltage.

Increasing service life of the battery: temperature compensation

The temperature sensor (supplied with the product) serves to reduce charging voltage when battery temperature rises. This is particularly important for maintenance-free batteries, which could otherwise dry out by overcharging.

More on batteries and charging

Our book ‘Energy Unlimited’ offers further information on batteries and battery charging, and is available free of charge on our website (see www.victronenergy.com -> Support &

Downloads’ -> General Technical Information). For more information on adaptive charging, please also refer to the General Technical Information our website.

3. OPERATION

3.1 On/Off/Charger Only Switch

When switched to "on", the product is fully functional. The inverter will come into operation and the LED "inverter on" will light up.

An AC voltage connected to the "AC in" terminal will be switched through to the "AC out" terminal, if within specifications. The inverter will switch off, the "mains on" LED will light up and the charger commences charging. The "bulk", "absorption" or "float" LEDs will light up, depending on the charger mode.

If the voltage at the "AC-in" terminal is not within specifacations, the inverter will switch on.

When the switch is switched to "charger only", only the battery charger of the Phoenix Multi will operate (if mains voltage is present). In this mode input voltage also is switched through to the "AC out" terminal.

NOTE: When only the charger function is required, ensure that the switch is switched to

"charger only". This prevents the inverter from being switched on if the mains voltage is lost, thus preventing your batteries from running flat.

3.2 Remote control

Remote control is possible with a 3-way switch or with a Multi Control panel.

The Multi Control panel has a simple rotary knob with which the maximum current of the AC input can be set: see PowerControl and PowerAssist in Section 2.

For the appropriate DIP switch settings, see sect. 5.5.1.

3.3 Equalisation and forced absorption

3.3.1 Equalisation

Traction batteries may require regular equalisation charging. In the equalisation mode, the

MultiPlus will charge with increased voltage for one hour (1V above the absorption voltage for a 12V battery, 2V for a 24V battery). The charging current is then limited to 1/4 of the set value. The “bulk” and “absorption” LEDs flash intermittently.

Equalisation mode supplies a higher charging voltage than most DC consuming devices can cope with. These devices must be disconnected before additional charging takes place.

3.3.2 Forced absorption

Under certain circumstances, it can be desirable to charge the battery for a fixed time at absorption voltage level. In Forced Absorption mode, the MultiPlus will charge at the normal absorption voltage level during the set maximum absorption time. The “absorption” LED will be ‘on’.

3.3.3 Activating equalisation or forced absorption

The MultiPlus can be put into both these states from the remote panel as well as with the front panel switch, provided that all switches (front, remote and panel) are set to “on” and no switches are set to “charger only”.

In order to put the MultiPlus in this state, the procedure below should be followed.

If the switch is not in the required position after following this procedure, it can be switched over quickly once. This will not change the charging state.

NOTE: Switching from “on” to “charger only” and vice versa, as described below, must be done quickly. The switch must be toggled such that the intermediate position is 'skipped', as it were. If the switch remains in the “off” position even for a short time, the device may be turned off. In that case, the procedure must be restarted at step 1. A certain degree of familiarisation is required when using the front switch on the Compact in particular. When using the remote panel, this is less critical.

Procedure:

1. Check whether all switches (i.e. front switch, remote switch or remote panel switch if present) are in the “on” position.

2. Activating equalisation or forced absorption is only meaningful if the normal charging cycle is completed (charger is in 'Float').

3. To activate: a. Switch rapidly from “on” to “charger only” and leave the switch in this position for ½ to 2 seconds. b. Switch rapidly back from “charger only” to “on” and leave the switch in this position for ½ to

2 seconds. c. Switch once more rapidly from “on” to “charger only” and leave the switch in this position.

4. On the MultiPlus the three LEDs “Inverter”, “Charger” and “Alarm” will now flash 5 times.

If a MultiControl panel is connected, on the panel the LEDs “bulk”, “absorption” and “float” will also flash 5 times.

5. Subsequently, on the MultiPlus the LEDs “Bulk”, “Absorption” and “Float” will each light during

2 seconds.

If a MultiControl panel is connected, on the panel the LEDs “bulk”, “absorption” and “float” will also each light during 2 seconds.

6. a. If the switch on the MultiPlus is set to “on” while the “Bulk” LED lights, the charger will switch to equalisation.

Similarly, if the switch on the MultiControl panel is set to “on” while the “Bulk” LED lights, the charger will switch to equalisation. b. If the switch on the MultiPlus is set to “on” while the “Absorption” LED lights, the charger will switch to forced absorption.

Similarly, if the switch on the MultiControl panel is set to “on” while the “Absorption” LED lights, the charger will switch to forced absorption. c. If the switch on the MultiPlus is set to “on” after the three LED sequence has finished, the charger will switch to “Float”.

Similarly, if the switch on the MultiControl panel is set to “on” after the three LED sequence has finished, the charger will switch to “float”. d. If the switch is has not been moved, the MultiPlus will remain in ‘charger only’ mode and switch to “Float”.

3.4 LED Indications

LED off

LED flashes

LED illuminated

Inverter

inverter on charger off alarm charger only inverter on charger off alarm charger only inverter on charger off alarm charger only

Charger

inverter charger on off alarm inverter charger charger only on off alarm charger only

The inverter is switched on and supplies power to the load. Battery operation.

The inverter is switched on and supplies power to the load.

Pre alarm: overload, or battery voltage low, or inverter temperature high

The inverter is switched off.

Alarm: overload, or battery voltage low, or inverter temperature hig, or

DC ripple voltage was too high.

The AC input voltage is switched through and the charger operates in bulk or absorption mode.

The AC input voltage is switched through and the charger is switched off.

The battery charger can not reach battery end voltage (bulk protection mode).

inverter charger on off

The AC input voltage is switched through and the charger operates in bulk or absorption mode. alarm charger only inverter on charger alarm off charger only

Remote Control panel (optional)

Power Control and PowerAssist indication

The AC input voltage is switched through and the charger operates in float mode. inverter on mains on overload bulk low battery absorption temperature on

charger only float off

Note: When the LED’s “overload” and “low battery” are on simultaneously, the Multi(Plus) or

Inverter Compact has switched off due to excessive DC ripple voltage.

4. INSTALLATION

This product should be installed by a qualified electrician.

4.2 Location

The product must be installed in a dry and well-ventilated area, as close as possible to the batteries. There should be a clear space of at least 10cm around the appliance for cooling.

Excessively high ambient temperature will result in the following:

Reduced service life.

Reduced charging current.

Reduced peak capacity, or shutdown of the inverter.

Never mount the appliance directly above the batteries.

The product is suitable for wall mounting. For mounting see appendix A.

The appliance can be mounted horizontally as well as vertically; vertical mounting is preferable. The vertical position offers optimum cooling.

The interior of the product must remain accessible after installation.

Try and keep the distance between the product and the battery to a minimum in order to minimize cable voltage losses.

For safety purposes, this product should be installed in a heat-resistant environment if it is used with equipment where a substantial amount of power is to be converted. You should prevent the presence of e.g. chemicals, synthetic components, curtains or other textiles, etc., in the immediate vicinity.

4.2 Connection of Battery cables

In order to fully utilize the full capacity of the product, batteries with sufficient capacity and battery cables with sufficient cross section should be used. See table.

12/2000 24/2000

Recommended cross section

0 - 5 m 70 mm² AWG 00 35 mm² AWG 2

24/2000 12/2000

Recommended battery capacity (Ah)

200 – 500 350 – 1000

Remark: Internal resistance is the important factor when working with low capacity batteries.

Please consult your supplier or the relevant sections of our book “electricity on board”, downloadable from our website.

Procedure

Proceed as follows to connect the battery cables:

Use an insulated box spanner in order to avoid shorting the battery.

Avoid shorting the battery cables.

Connect the battery cables: the + (red) on the left and the - (black) on the right, to the battery see appendix A.

Reverse polarity connection (+ to – and – to +) will cause damage to the product. (Safety fuse inside the Multi Compact can be damaged)

Secure the nuts tightly in order to reduce the contact resistance as much as possible.

4.3 Connection of the AC cabling

This is a Safety Class I product (supplied with a protective grounding terminal).

Uninterruptible protective grounding must be provided at the AC input and/or output terminals and/or chassis grounding point located externally

on the product.

The MultiPlus is provided with a ground relay (relay H, see appendix B) that

automatically connects the Neutral output to the chassis if no external AC

supply is available. If an external AC supply is provided, the ground relay H will open before the input safety relay closes. This ensures the correct operation of an earth leakage circuit breaker that is connected to the output.

In a fixed installation, an uninterruptable grounding can be secured by means of the grounding wire of the AC input. Otherwise the casing must be grounded.

In a mobile installation (for example, with a shore current plug), interrupting the shore connection will simultaneously disconnect the grounding connection. In that case, the casing must be connected to the chassis (of the vehicle) or to the hull or grounding plate (of the boat).

In case of a boat, direct connection to the shore ground is not recommended because of potential galvanic corrosion. The solution to this is using an isolation transformer.

The mains -input & output terminal connector can be found on the bottom of the Multi

Compact, see appendix A.

AC-in

The AC input must be protected by a fuse or magnetic circuit breaker rated at 50A

or less, and cable cross-section must be sized accordingly. If the input AC supply is rated at a lower value, the fuse or magnetic circuit breaker should be down sized accordingly.

AC-out

With its PowerAssist feature the Multi can add up to 2kVA (that is 2000 / 120 = 17A) to the output during periods of peak power requirement. Together with a maximum input current of 50A this means that the output can supply up to 50 + 17 = 67A.

An earth leakage circuit breaker and a fuse or circuit breaker rated to support the expected load must be included in series with the output, and cable cross-section

must be sized accordingly.

4.4 Optional Connections

A number of optional connections are possible:

Undo the four screws at the front of the enclosure and remove the front panel.

4.4.1 Second Battery

The MultiPlus Compact has a connection (+) for charging a starter battery. For connection see appendix A.

4.4.2 Temperature Sensor

The temperature sensor supplied with the product may be used for temperaturecompensated charging. The sensor is insulated and must be mounted on the batteries minus pole. Default output voltages for Float and Absorption are at 25°C. In adjust mode temperature compensation is disabled.

15.0

14.5

14.0

13.5

13.0

Volts

12.5

12.0

11.5

11.0

10.5

10.0

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60

Battery temperature

30

29

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

Volts

4.4.3 Remote Control

The product can be remotely controlled in two ways:

- With an external 3-way switch

- With a Multi Control Panel

Please see section 5.5.1. for appropriate DIP switch settings.

4.4.4. Programmable relay

The MultiPlus is equipped with a multi-functional relay that by default is programmed as an alarm relay. The relay can be programmed for all kinds of other applications however, for example to start a generator (VEConfigure software needed).

Near the connection terminals an LED illuminates when the relay is activated (refer to S, see appendix A).

4.4.5 Parallel Connection

The MultiPlus can be connected in parallel with several identical devices. To this end, a connection is established between the devices by means of standard RJ45 UTP cables. The system (one or more Multis plus optional control panel) will require subsequent configuration

(see Section 5).

In the event of connecting MultiPlus units in parallel, the following requirements must be met:

A maximum of six units connected in parallel.

Only identical devices may be connected in parallel.

The DC connection cables to the devices must be of equal length and cross-section.

If a positive and a negative DC distribution point is used, the cross-section of the connection between the batteries and the DC distribution point must at least equal the sum of the required cross-sections of the connections between the distribution point and the MultiPlus units.

Place the MultiPlus units close to each other, but allow at least 10 cm for ventilation purposes under, above and beside the units.

UTP cables must be connected directly from one unit to the other (and to the remote panel).

Connection/splitter boxes are not permitted.

A battery-temperature sensor need only be connected to one unit in the system. If the temperature of several batteries is to be measured, you can also connect the sensors of other MultiPlus units in the system (with a maximum of one sensor per MultiPlus). Temperature compensation during battery charging responds to the sensor indicating the highest temperature.

Voltage sensing must be connected to the master (see Section 5.5.1.4).

If more than three units are connected in parallel in one system, a dongle is required (see

Section 5).

Only one remote control means (panel or switch) can be connected to the system.

4.4.6 Three-phase operation

The MultiPlus can also be used in 3-phase configuration. To this end, a connection between the devices is made by means of standard RJ45 UTP cables (the same as for parallel operation). The system (Multis plus an optional control panel) will require subsequently configuration (see Section 5).

Pre-requisites: see Section 4.4.6.

5. CONFIGURATION

Settings may only be changed by a qualified engineer

Carefully read the instructions before changes are made.

Batteries should be placed in a dry and well-ventilated area during charging.

5.1 Standard settings: ready for use

On delivery, the MultiPlus is set to standard factory values. In general, these settings are suitable for single-unit operation.

Warning: Possibly, the standard battery charging voltage is not suitable for your batteries! Refer to the manufacturer's documentation, or to your battery supplier!

Standard MultiPlus factory settings

Inverter frequency

Input frequency range

60 Hz

45 - 65 Hz

Input voltage range

Inverter voltage

Stand-alone / parallel / 3-phase

Search mode

Ground relay

Charger on/ off

Battery charge curve

Charge current

Battery type

Automatic equalisation charging

Absorption voltage

Absorption time

Float voltage

Storage voltage

Repeated absorption time

Absorption repeat interval

Bulk protection

AC input current limit

UPS feature

Dynamic current limiter

WeakAC

BoostFactor

PowerAssist

Programmable relay

94 - 143 VAC

120 VAC stand-alone off on on four-stage adaptive with BatterySafe mode

75% of the maximum charge current

Victron Gel Deep Discharge (also suitable for Victron AGM

Deep Discharge) off

14.4 / 28.8v up to 8 hours (depending on bulk time)

13.8 / 27.6V

13.2 / 26.4V (not adjustable)

1 hour

7 days on

30A (= adjustable current limit for PowerControl and

PowerAssist functions) on off off

2 on alarm function

5.2 Explanation of settings

Settings that are not self-explanatory are described briefly below. For further information, please refer to the help files in the software configuration programs (see Section 5.3).

Inverter frequency

Output frequency if no AC is present at the input.

Adjustability: 50Hz; 60Hz

Input frequency range

Input frequency range accepted by the MultiPlus. The MultiPlus synchronises within this range with the AC input frequency. The output frequency is then equal to the input frequency.

Adjustability: 45 – 65 Hz; 45 – 55 Hz; 55 – 65 Hz

Input voltage range

Voltage range accepted by the MultiPlus. The MultiPlus synchronises within this range with the AC input voltage. The output voltage is then equal to the input voltage.

Adjustability:

Lower limit: 94 - 120V

Upper limit: 120 - 143V

Inverter voltage

Output voltage of the MultiPlus in battery operation.

Adjustability: 95 – 128V

Stand-alone / parallel operation / 2-3 phase setting

Using several devices, it is possible to:

• increase total inverter power (several devices in parallel)

• create a split-phase system create a 3-phase system.

The standard product settings are for standalone operation. For parallel, three phase or split phase operation see section 4.4.5 and 4.4.6.

Search Mode (Applicable in stand-alone configuration only)

If search mode is ‘on’, the power consumption in no-load operation is decreased by approx.

70%. In this mode the Compact, when operating in inverter mode, is switched off in case of no load or very low load, and switches on every two seconds for a short period. If the output current exceeds a set level, the inverter will continue to operate. If not, the inverter will shut down again.

The Search Mode can be set with a DIP switch.

The Search Mode “shut down” and “remain on” load levels can be set with VEConfigure.

The standard settings are:

Shut down: 40 Watt (linear load)

Turn on: 100 Watt (linear load)

AES (Automatic Economy Switch)

Instead of the search mode, the AES can also be chosen (with help of

VEConfigure only).

If this setting is turned ‘on’, the power consumption in no-load operation and with low loads is decreased by approx. 20%, by slightly 'narrowing' the sinusoidal voltage. Not adjustable with DIP switches. Applicable in stand-alone configuration only.

Ground relay (see appendix B)

With this relay (H), the neutral conductor of the AC output is grounded to the chassis when the back feed safety relay is open. This ensures the correct operation of earth leakage circuit breakers in the output.

If a non-grounded output is required during inverter operation, this function must be turned off. (See also Section 4.5)

Not adjustable with DIP switches.

Battery charge curve

The standard setting is ‘Four-stage adaptive with BatterySafe mode’. See Section 2 for a description.

This is the recommended charge curve. See the help files in the software configuration programs for other features.

Battery type

The standard setting is the most suitable for Victron Gel Deep Discharge, Gel Exide A200, and tubular plate stationary batteries (OPzS). This setting can also be used for many other batteries: e.g. Victron AGM Deep Discharge and other AGM batteries, and many types of flat-plate open batteries. Four charging voltages can be set with DIP switches.

Automatic equalisation charging

This setting is intended for tubular plate traction batteries. During absorption the voltage limit increases to 2,83V/cell (34V for a 24V battery) once the charge current has tapered down to less than 10% of the set maximum current.

Not adjustable with DIP switches.

See ’tubular plate traction battery charge curve’ in VEConfigure.

Absorption time

The absortion time depends on the bulk time (adaptive charge curve), so that the battery is optimally charged. If the ‘fixed’ charging characteristic is selected, the absorption time is fixed. For most batteries, a maximum absorption time of eight hours is suitable. If an extra high absorption voltage is selected for rapid charging (only possible for open, flooded batteries!), four hours is preferable. With DIP switches, a time of eight or four hours can be set. For the adaptive charge curve, this determines the maximum absorption time.

Storage voltage, Repeated Absorption Time, Absorption Repeat Interval

See Section 2. Not adjustable with DIP switches.

Bulk Protection

When this setting is ‘on’, the bulk charging time is limited to 10 hours. A longer charging time could indicate a system error (e.g. a battery cell short-circuit). Not adjustable with DIP switches.

AC input current limit

These are the current limit settings at which PowerControl and PowerAssist come into operation. The factory setting is 30A.

See Section 2, the book 'Energy Unlimited', or the many descriptions of this unique feature on our website www.victronenergy.com

.

Remark: lowest allowable current setting for PowerAssist: 11A.

(11A per unit in case of parallel operation)

UPS feature

If this setting is ‘on’ and AC on the input fails, the MultiPlus switches to inverter operation practically without interruption. The MultiPlus can therefore be used as an Uninterruptible

Power Supply (UPS) for sensitive equipment such as computers or communication systems.

The output voltage of some small generator sets is too unstable and distorted for using this setting* – the MultiPlus would continually switch to inverter operation. For this reason, the setting can be turned off. The MultiPlus will then respond less quickly to AC input voltage deviations. The switchover time to inverter operation is consequently slightly longer, but most equipment (most computers, clocks or household equipment) is not adversely impacted.

Recommendation: Turn the UPS feature off if the MultiPlus fails to synchronise, or continually switches back to inverter operation.

*In general, the UPS setting can be left ‘on’ if the MultiPlus is connected to a generator with a

‘synchronous AVR regulated alternator’.

The UPS mode may have to be set to ‘off’ if the MultiPlus is connected to a generator with a

‘synchronous capacitor regulated alternator’ or an asynchronous alternator.

Dynamic current limiter

Intended for generators, the AC voltage being generated by means of a static inverter (socalled ‘inverter’ generators). In these generators, rpm is down-controlled if the load is low: this reduces noise, fuel consumption and pollution. A disadvantage is that the output voltage will drop severely or even completely fail in the event of a sudden load increase. More load can only be supplied after the engine is up to speed.

If this setting is ‘on’, the MultiPlus will start supplying extra power at a low generator output level and gradually allow the generator to supply more, until the set current limit is reached.

This allows the generator engine to get up to speed.

This setting is also often used for ‘classic’ generators that respond slowly to sudden load variation.

WeakAC

Strong distortion of the input voltage can result in the charger hardly operating or not operating at all. If WeakAC is set, the charger will also accept a strongly distorted voltage, at the cost of greater distortion of the input current.

Recommendation: Turn WeakAC on if the charger is hardly charging or not charging at all (which is quite rare!). Also turn on the dynamic current limiter simultaneously, and reduce the maximum charging current to prevent overloading the generator if necessary.

Not adjustable with DIP switches.

BoostFactor

Change this setting only after consulting with Victron Energy or with an engineer trained by

Victron Energy!

Not adjustable with DIP switches.

Programmable relay

By default, the programmable relay is set as an alarm relay, i.e. the relay will de-energise in the event of an alarm or a pre-alarm (inverter almost too hot, ripple on the input almost too high, battery voltage almost too low).

Not adjustable with DIP switches.

Near the connection terminals an LED illuminates when the relay is activated (refer to S, see appendix A).

VEConfigure software

With VEConfigure software the relay can also be programmed for other purposes, for example to provide a generator starting signal.

With VEConfigure, several other special application modes of operation can be programmed.

Example: A house or an office connected to the public mains, fitted with solar panels with energy storage in batteries.

The batteries are used to prevent return delivery to the mains. During the day, redundant solar energy is stored in batteries. This energy is used in the evenings and at night. An energy shortfall is compensated by the mains. The MultiPlus converts the battery DC voltage to AC. The power is always less than or equal to the power consumption, so that return delivery to the mains does not occur. In the event of mains failure, the MultiPlus isolates the premises from the mains, which become autonomous (self-sufficient). In this way, a solar energy installation or a combined micro-scale heating and power plant can be economically used in areas with an unreliable mains supply and/or financially unfavourable energy-return conditions.

5.3 Configuration by computer

All settings can be changed by means of a computer or with a VE.Net panel (except for the multi-functional relay and the VirtualSwitch when using VE.Net).

Some settings can be changed with DIP switches (see Section 5.2).

For changing settings with the computer, the following is required:

VEConfigureII software: can be downloaded free of charge at www.victronenergy.com

.

A RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface. If the computer has no

RS232 connection, but does have USB, a RS232-to-USB interface cable is needed.

Both are available from Victron Energy.

5.3.1 VE.Bus Quick Configure Setup

VE.Bus Quick Configure Setup is a software program with which one Compact unit or systems with a maximum of three Compact units (parallel or three phase operation) can be configured in a simple manner. VEConfigureII forms part of this program.

The software free can be downloaded free of charge at www.victronenergy.com

.

For connection to the computer, a RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface is required.

If the computer has no RS232 connection, but does have USB, a RS232-to-USB interface

cable is needed. Both are available from Victron Energy.

5.3.2 VE.Bus System Configurator and dongle

For configuring advanced applications and/or systems with four or more Multis, VE.Bus

System Configurator software must be used. The software can be downloaded free of charge at www.victronenergy.com

. VEConfigureII forms part of this program.

The system can be configured without a dongle, and will be fully functional during 15 minutes

(as a demonstration facility). For permanent use, a dongle – available at additional charge – is required.

For connection to the computer, a RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface is required.

If the computer has no RS232 connection, but does have USB, a RS232-to-USB interface

cable is needed. Both are available from Victron Energy.

5.4 Configuration with a VE.Net panel

To this end, a VE.Net panel and the VE.Net to VE.Bus converter are required.

With VE.Net all parameters are accessible, with the exception of the programmable relay and some other advanced settings.

5.5 Configuration with DIP switches

Some settings can be changed with DIP switches

Procedure: a) Turn the Compact on, preferably without load and without AC voltage on the inputs. The Compact will then operate in inverter mode. b) Set the dipswitches as required. c) Store the settings by moving Dip switch 8 to “on” and back to “off”.

5.5.1. DIP switch 1 and 2

Default setting: to operate the product with the “On/Off/Charger Only” switch

ds 1: “off”

ds 2: “on”

The default setting is required when using the “On/Off/Charger Only” switch in the front panel.

Setting for remote operation with a Multi Control Panel:

ds 1: “on”

ds 2: “off”

This setting is required when a Multi Control Panel is connected.

The Multi Control panel must be connected to one of the two RJ48 sockets B, see appendix

A.

Setting for remote operation with a 3-way switch:

ds 1: “off”

ds 2: “off”

This setting is required when a 3-way switch is connected.

The 3-way switch must be wired to terminal L, see appendix A.

Only one remote control can be connected, i.e. either a switch or a remote control

panel.

In both cases the switch on the product itself should be “on”.

5.5.2. DIP switch 3 to 7

These DIP switches can be used to set:

- Battery charge voltage and Absorption time

- Inverter frequency

- Search mode

- AC input current limit 30A or 50A

ds3-ds4: Setting charge voltages ds3-ds4

Absorption voltage

Float voltage

Storage

Voltage dS3=off dS4=off

(default) dS3=on dS4=off dS3=off dS4=on

14.4

28.8

57.6

14.1

28.2

56.4

14.7

29.4

58.8

13.8

27.6

55.2

13.8

27.6

55.2

13.8

27.6

55.2

13.2

26.4

52.8

13.2

26.4

52.8

13.2

26.4

52.8

Absorption

Time

(hours)

8

8

5

Suitable for

Gel Victron Deep

Discharge

Gel Exide A200

AGM Victron Deep

Discharge

Gel Victron Long

Life (OPzV)

Gel Exide A600

(OPzV)

Gel MK battery

AGM Victron Deep

Discharge

Tubular plate or

OPzS batteries in semi-float mode

AGM spiral cell

dS3=on dS4=on

15.0

30.0

60.0

13.8

27.6

55.2

13.2

26.4

52.8

6

Tubular plate or

OPzS batteries in cyclic mode

Batteries with high antimony content can typically be charged with a lower absorption voltage than batteries with low antimony content. (Please refer to our book “Electricity on Board” downloadable from our website www.victronenergy.com

for details and suggestions about charging batteries). Contact your battery supplier for the correct charge voltages and change

(with VE-configure) the voltage settings if required.

The default charge current setting is 75% of the maximum charge current. This current will be too high for most applications.

For most battery types the optimal charge current is 0.1-0.2x the battery capacity.

ds5: Inverter frequency off = 60Hz on = 50Hz

ds6: Search Mode

ds7: AC input current limit off = off on = on off = 30 Amp on = 50 Amp

Store the settings by moving Dip switch 8 to “on” and back to “off”.

5.5.3 Exemplary settings

Example 1 is the factory setting ds-1 ds-2 Panel option ds-3 Ch. voltage ds-4 Ch. voltage ds-5 Frequency ds-6 Search mode ds-7 AC-in Limit ds-8 Store setting off on off off off off off

→ ← ds-1 ds-2 ds-3 ds-4 ds-5 ds-6 ds-7 ds-8 off on off on off off on

→ ← ds-1 ds-2 ds-3 ds-4 ds-5 ds-6 ds-7 ds-8 off on on on off on on

→ ←

Example 1: (factory setting)

1 No panel or remote

switch connected

2 No panel or remote

switch connected

3, 4

5

6

7

8

GEL 14.4 V

Frequency: 60Hz

Search mode off

AC-in Limit 30 Amp

store setting: off→ on→ off

Example 2

1. No panel or remote

switch connected

2. No panel or remote

switch connected

3,4. AGM 14,7V

5. Frequency: 60Hz

6. Search mode off

7. AC-in Limit 50 Amp

8. store setting: off→

on→ off

Example 3

1. Panel or remote

switch connected

2. Panel or remote

switch connected

3, 4. Tubular plate 15V

5. Frequency: 50Hz

6. Search mode on

7. AC-in Limit 30Amp

8. store setting: off→ on→

off

Store the settings (ds-3 to ds-7) by changing switch ds-8 from ‘off’ to ‘on’, and then back to

‘off’.

The LED’s ‘charger’ and ‘alarm’ will flash to indicate acceptance of the settings.

6 Maintenance

The Compact does not require specific maintenance. It will suffice to check all connections once a year. Avoid moisture and oil/soot/vapours, and keep the device clean.

7. TROUBLE SHOOTING TABLE

Proceed as follows for quick detection of common faults.

DC loads must be disconnected from the batteries and the AC loads must be disconnected from the inverter before the inverter and/ or battery charger is tested.

Consult your Victron Energy dealer if the fault cannot be resolved.

Problem

The inverter fails to operate when switched on.

The inverter fails to operate

Cause

The battery voltage is too high or too low.

Solution

Ensure that the battery voltage is within the correct value.

The alarm LED flashes.

The alarm LED flashes

The alarm LED flashes.

The alarm LED flashes.

The alarm LED flashes intermittantly.

The alarm LED is on

Processor in no function-mode. Disconnect mains voltage.

Switch Front switch off, wait

4 seconds

Switch front switch on.

Pre-alarm alt. 1. The DC input voltage is low.

Pre-alarm alt. 2. The ambient temperature is too high.

Charge the battery or check the battery connections.

Place the inverter in a cool and well-ventilated room, or reduce the load.

Reduce the load. Pre-alarm alt. 3. The load on the inverter is higher than the nominal load.

Pre-alarm alt. 4. Voltage ripple on the DC input exceeds

1.25Vrms.

Pre-alarm alt. 5. Low battery voltage and excessive load.

The inverter did cut out following a pre-alarm.

Check the battery cables and terminals.

Check the battery capacity; increase if necessary.

Charge the batteries, reduce the load or install batteries with a higher capacity. Use shorter and/or thicker battery cables.

Check the table for the appropriate course of action.

Problem

The charger is not functioning

Cause

The AC input voltage or frequency is out of range.

Solution

Ensure that the input voltage is between 185 Vac and 265

Vac, and that the frequency matches the setting.

Reset the 30 A thermal circuit breaker.

The thermal circuit breaker has tripped.

The battery is not being charged fully.

Incorrect charging current. Set the charging current at between 0.1 and 0.2x battery capacity.

A defective battery connection.

Check the battery terminals.

The absorption voltage has been set to an incorrect value.

The float voltage has been set to an incorrect value.

Adjust the absorption voltage to the correct value.

Adjust the float voltage to the correct value.

The battery is overcharged.

The internal DC fuse is defective.

The absorption voltage has been set to an incorrect value.

The float voltage has been set to an incorrect value.

A defective battery.

Inverter is damaged.

Adjust the absorption voltage to the correct value.

Adjust the float voltage to the correct value.

Replace the battery.

Battery charge current drops to 0 when the absorption voltage is reached

The battery is too small.

The battery is too hot.

Alt. 1: Battery overtemperature

(> 50°C)

Alt 2: Battery temperature sensor faulty

Reduce the charging current or use a battery with a higher capacity.

Connect a temperature sensor.

- Allow battery to cool down

- Place battery in a cool environment

- Check for shorted cells

Unplug battery temperature sensor from the Multi.

Reset the Multi by switching it off, then wait for 4 seconds and switch it on again

If the Multi now charges normally, the battery temperature sensor is faulty and needs to be replaced

8. TECHNICAL DATA

MultiPlus

PowerControl / PowerAssist

Transfer switch (A)

Minimum PowerAssist current (A)

INVERTER

Input voltage range (V DC)

Output

Cont. output power at 25 °C (VA) (3)

Cont. output power at 25 °C (W)

Cont. output power at 40 °C (W)

Peak power (W)

Maximum efficiency (%)

Zero-load power (W)

Zero load power in search mode (W)

CHARGER

AC Input

Charge voltage 'absorption' (V DC)

Charge voltage 'float' (V DC)

Storage mode (V DC)

Charge current house battery (A) (4)

Charge current starter battery (A)

Battery temperature sensor

GENERAL

Programmable relay (5)

Protection (2)

Common Characteristics

ENCLOSURE

Common Characteristics

Battery-connection

120 V AC-connection

Weight (lbs)

Dimensions (hxwxd in inches)

STANDARDS

Safety

Emission / Immunity

12/2000/80-50

120V

Yes

50

11

24/2000/50-50

120V

Yes

50

11

9,5 – 17 19 – 33

Output voltage: 120 VAC ± 2%

Frequency: 60 Hz ± 0,1% (1)

2000

1600

1450

4000

92

9

3

2000

1600

1450

4000

94

11

4

Input voltage range: 95-140 VAC

Input frequency: 45 – 65 Hz Power factor: 1

14,4 / 28,8

28,8

13,8 / 27,6

27,6

13,2 / 26,4

26,4

80 50

4 yes yes a - g

Operating temp. range: 0 - 120°F (fan assisted cooling)

Humidity (non condensing) : max 95%

Material & Colour: aluminium (blue RAL 5012)

Protection category: IP 21

Bolts M8 screw-terminals 6 AWG (13mm²)

25 (13 kg)

20.5 x 10.0 x 5.0 (520 x 255 x 125 mm)

EN 60335-1, EN 60335-2-29

EN55014-1, EN 55014-2, EN 61000-3-3

1) Can be adjusted to 50Hz

2) Protection a. Output short circuit b. Overload c. Battery voltage too high d. Battery voltage too low e. Temperature too high f. 120VAC on inverter output g. Input voltage ripple too high

3) Non linear load, crest factor 3:1

4) At 25 °C ambient

5) Programmable relay which can be set for general alarm, DC undervoltage or genset start signal function

APPENDIX A: Connection overview

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APPENDIX A: Connection overview

A AC input line L1 and neutral (N)

B 2x RJ45 connector for remote panel and/or parallel and 3-phase operation.

C AC output line L1 and neutral (N).

F M8 battery minus connection.

G Starter battery positive (TR CHARGE). (starter battery minus: use battery minus cable

for connection).

H Terminals for (left to right): temperature sensor positive, temperature sensor minus.

I M8 battery positive connection.

L Connector for remote switch:

Short right and middle terminal to switch “on”.

Short left and middle terminal to switch to “charger only”.

M DIP switches for set-up mode.

P Terminals for (left to right): Multi-functional relay NO - COM - NC

Q Cabinet GND terminal

R PE (ground) terminals

S Indicator Programmable relay

LED illuminates when relay is activated

APPENDIX B Installation information

www.victronenergy.com

APPENDIX C: Parallel connection

APPENDIX D: Three-phase connection

APPENDIX D: split phase connection

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APPENDIX E: Charge curve

C h a rg e c u rre n t

A m p s

1 2 0 %

1 0 0 %

8 0 %

6 0 %

4 0 %

2 0 %

0 %

T im e

V o l ts

64 32

64 32

1 6

60 30

60 30

1 5

56 28

56 28

1 4

52 26

52 26

1 3

48 24

1 2

44 22

1 1

40 20

48 24

1 0

C h a r g e v o lta g e

Battery Safe mode

20 x Bulk-hours or

Max. Absorption time

Bulk hours

Absorption

1 day

7 days reduced float

T i m e

7 days reduced

1 hour Repeated Absorption

4-stage charging:

Bulk-mode: Entered when charger is started. Constant current is applied until the gassing voltage is reached (14.4V resp. 28.8V, temperature compensated).

Battery Safe Mode: If, in order to quickly charge a battery, a high charge current in combination with a high absorption voltage has been chosen, the Multi Compact / MultiPlus Compact will prevent damage due to excessive gassing by automatically limiting the rate of voltage increase once the gassing voltage has been reached.The Battery Safe Mode is part of the calculated absorption time.

Absorption-mode: A constant voltage period to fully charge the battery. The absorption time is equal to 20x bulk time or the set maximum absorption time, whichever comes first.

Float-mode: Float voltage is applied to keep the battery fully charged and to protect it against self-discharge.Reduced

Float: After one day of Float charge a reduced Float charge is applied. This is 13,2V resp. 26,4V (for 12V and 24V charger). This will limit water loss to a minimum when the battery is stored for the winter season.After an adjustable time (default = 7 days) the charger will enter Repeated Absorption-mode for an adjustable time (default = 1 hour).

APPENDIX F: Temperature compensation

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15.0

14.5

14.0

13.5

13.0

Volts

12.5

12.0

11.5

11.0

10.5

10.0

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

30

29

28

27

Battery temperature

Volts

Default output voltages for Float and Absorption are at 25°C.

Reduced Float voltage follows Float voltage and Raised Absorption voltage follows Absorption voltage.

In adjust mode temperature compensation does not apply.

255m www.victronenergy.com

125m

520m

95mm

Victron Energy Blue Power

Distributor:

Serial number:

Version : 10

Date : 28 July 2014

Victron Energy B.V.

De Paal 35 | 1351 JG Almere

PO Box 50016 | 1305 AA Almere | The Netherlands

General phone : +31 (0)36 535 97 00

Customer support desk : +31 (0)36 535 97 03

Fax : +31 (0)36 535 97 40

E-mail

www.victronenergy.com

: [email protected]

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