User Manual - Measurement Systems Ltd

User Manual - Measurement Systems Ltd
The i-7531 CAN Repeater
User’s Manual
Warranty
All products manufactured by ICP DAS are under
warranty regarding defective materials for a period of one
year from the date of delivery to the original purchaser.
Warning
ICP DAS assumes no liability for damages resulting
from the use of this product. ICP DAS reserves the right to
change this manual at any time without notice. The
information furnished by ICP DAS is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is
assumed by ICP DAS for its use, or for any infringements
of patents or other rights of third parties resulting from its
use.
Copyright
Copyright 1997 by ICP DAS. All rights are reserved.
Trademark
The names used for identification only may be
registered trademarks of their respective companies.
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------1
Tables of Content
Tables of Content...........................................................................................2
1 Introduction.............................................................................................3
1.1
1.2
2
3
4
Features..........................................................................................4
Specifications.................................................................................4
1.3 Application .....................................................................................4
Technical data .........................................................................................5
2.1
2.2
Block Diagram................................................................................5
Appearance ....................................................................................6
2.3
2.4
Pin Assignment..............................................................................7
Wire Connection ............................................................................9
2.5 Status LED....................................................................................10
2.6 Terminator Resistor Setting........................................................10
2.7 Cable Selection ............................................................................12
2.8 Driving Capability and Baud .......................................................13
Application Architecture ......................................................................15
Dimension and Mounting .....................................................................16
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------2
1 Introduction
The i-7531 is a CAN repeater used to establish a physical coupling of two
or more segments of a CAN bus system. User can implement tree or star
topologies as well as for long drop lines with i-7531. Connecting via i-7531, the
division of a CAN system into several subsystems increases the maximum
number of bus nodes.
SCADA
(Indusoft)
NoteBook
Ethernet
(RS233/CAN
converter)
i-7530
RS-232
(Ethernet/CAN
converter)
Extend CAN line
i-7540D
CAN Network
CAN Network
i-87120/i-8120
(CAN Interface Slot Module)
i-7531
Figure1. Application of i-7531
The i-7531 is an optically isolated CAN repeater which provides 2500 Vrms
of optical isolation allowing you to separate and protect critical segments of the
system from the rest of the CAN network. And its galvanic isolation isolates
both CAN segments from each other as well as from the power supply The
CAN connection of i-7531 is by terminal blocks. A power supply of 10 ~ 30 DC
voltage is required. The i-7531 is housed in a rugged DIN-Rail mountable box,
making it easy to install in an industrial cabinet. Therefore, i-7531 can be used
in CANopen, DeviceNet and generic ISO 11898-2 standard.
If user wants to know more detail information about the i-7531, please visit
our website as follow:
http://www.icpdas.com/products/Remote_IO/can_bus/i-7531.htm
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------3
1.1 Features
High speed
Removable terminal block
Mountable on DIN Rail
Bus pins protected against transients in an industrial environment
No disturbance of the bus lines with an un-powered node
Transmit data (TxD) dominant time-out function prevents the output
drivers from driving a permanent dominant state
A thermal protection circuit is integrated to prevent the transceiver
from damage if the junction temperature exceeds thermal shutdown
level.
1.2 Specifications
Support CAN 2.0A/CAN 2.0B
Fully compatible with ISO 11898-2
Communication baud range: 10Kbps ~ 1Mbps
Propagation Delay: ~200ns
Driving capability: Up to 100 nodes on each CAN port
Photo-coupler isolation between 2 CAN ports: 2500 Vrms
Power consumption: 2W max
CAN terminal resistors are integrated (can be disabled by jumper)
3KV galvanic isolated among of power supply and each CAN port
Power Supply: +10VDC ~ +30VDC
Operating temperature: -25°C ~ +75°C
Humidity: 5% ~ 95%
Dimensions: 123 mm x 72 mm x 33 mm
1.3 Application
Factory Automation
Building Automation
Home Automation
Vehicle Automation
Control system
Monitor system
…
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------4
2 Technical data
2.1 Block Diagram
Figure 2 is a block diagram illustrating the functions of the i-7531 module.
Power supply are with 3000V galvanic isolated between each CAN port.
Futhermore, there is photo-isolation 2500 Vrms between two CAN ports.
CAN Port 1
CAN_H
DC
DC
Physical CAN layer
120 Ohm
CAN_L
3000V
Isolation
3000V
Isolation
DC
DC
2500 Vrms
Photo Isolation
CAN Port 2
CAN_H
Physical CAN layer
120 Ohm
CAN_L
Block Diagram of I-7531
+10VDC ~ +30VDC
Figure2. Block Diagram of i-7531
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------5
2.2 Appearance
FG
GND
CAN_H
(CAN)
Status LED of Power
11
20 CAN_L
CAN Port 2
i-7531
& Communication
CAN bus Repeater
‧Support CAN 2.0A/2.0B
‧Photo-isolation: 2500 Vrms
‧Expand the number of CAN buses
‧Mountable on DIN Rail
(R)VS+
(B)GND 10
FG
GND
(CAN)
CAN_H
CAN_L 1
3000V Isolation
Power Input
CAN Port 1
Figure3. Apperance of i-7531
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------6
2.3 Pin Assignment
CAN_L 1
20 CAN_L
CAN_H
(CAN)
(CAN)
GND
CAN_H
FG
GND
FG
(R)VS+
(B)GND10
11
Figure4. Pin Aassignment of i-7531
Table1. Pin Description of i-7531
No.
Part
Name
1
3
5
CAN
Port 1
7
9
10
Power
Input
14
16
18
20
CAN
Port 2
Description
CAN_L
CAN_Low. Signal Line of CAN port 1.
CAN_H
CAN_High. Signal Line of CAN port 1.
GND
CAN_Ground (or CAN_GND), Voltage level of
ground of CAN_L and CAN_H of CAN port 1.
FG
Frame Groud (or CAN_Shield) of CAN port 1.
(R)VS+
Voltage Source. It could be +10VDC ~ +30VDC.
(B)GND Power Ground.
CAN_L
CAN_Low. Signal Line of CAN port 2.
CAN_H
CAN_High. Signal Line of CAN port 2.
GND
FG
CAN_Ground (or CAN_GND), Voltage level of
ground of CAN_L and CAN_H of CAN port 2.
Frame Groud (or CAN_Shield) of CAN port 2.
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------7
Note 1:
In some cases, the voltage level of CAN_GND of different CAN
device in the same CAN bus system are not equal. At this time, it
could cause some problems to derogate system staibility of this
CAN bus system.
There is one way to relieve this situation; user can connect the
CAN_GND between those CAN devices to achieve equal
voltage level of CAN_GND.
Wiring of CAN_GND is not necessary; user can modify the
configuration of wiring according to actual applications.
Note 2:
If user choices some kinds of signal cable with shield (e.g. STP
Shielded Twisted Pair), then user can use the shield of this cable
to connect FG (CAN_Shield) among different devices in the
same CAN bus system.
FG (CAN_Shield) is used to shield the signal cable, to avoid RF
radiation or other interference.
Wiring of FG is not necessary; user can modify the configuration
of wiring according to actual applications.
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------8
2.4 Wire Connection
FG (CAN_Shield)
CAN Bus 2
CAN_GND
CAN_H
CAN DEVICE
CAN_L
5
9
6
1
3
Power
CAN Bus 1
CAN_L
Power GND
CAN_H
CAN_GND
+10VDC ~ +30VDC
FG (CAN_Shield)
Figure5. Wire Connection of i-7531
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------9
2.5 Status LED
When user turn the i-7531, the status LED of i-7531 will be display with
red light. Moreover, when a message passes through i-7531, the status LED
will be twinkle once with yellow light while the red light is still on.
Note 3:
Twinkling rate correlates with baud rate of CAN bus. User may see
no twinkling when the twinkling period is too short because of the
higher baud rate of CAN bus. Besides, the yellow LED could look
like always on when bus loading is heavy.
2.6 Terminator Resistor Setting
According to the ISO 11898-2 specifications, the CAN bus network must
be terminated by resistor for proper operation. The equivalent resistance
between CAN_H and CAN_L shoue be 60Ω. There are some examples below.
Case1: RT = 120Ω
Case2: RT = 180Ω
CAN_H
CAN_H
RT
RT
RT
RT
CAN_L
CAN_L
Case3: RT = 240Ω
RT
CAN_H
RT
RT
CAN_L
RT
RT
Figure6. Terminator Resistor
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------10
On the other hand, the i-7531 module include two build-in 120Ω terminator
resistors, user can decide to enable those two terminator resistors or not.
The JP2 of i-7531 is used for adjusting terminal resistor on CAN Port 1,
and the JP3 of i-7531 is used for adjusting terminal resistor on CAN Port 2.
Before adjusting JP2 or JP3 of i-7531, user needs to open the cover of
i-7531 first. Those locations of JP2 and JP3 are shown as following:
Figure7. JP2 and JP3 positions
The following connection statuses present the condition if the terminal
resistor is enabled (default) or disabled.
Disable
(Deactivate)
Enable
(Activate)
Figure8. Adjustment of Terminator Resistor
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------11
2.7 Cable Selection
The CAN bus is a balanced (differential) 2-wire interface running over
either a Shielded Twisted Pair (STP), Un-shielded Twisted Pair (UTP), or
Ribbon cable.
The table below show recommended DC parameters of CAN bus line.
Table2. Recommended DC parameters for CAN Bus Line
Wire Cross-Section [mm2]
Resistance [mΩ/m]
~0.25 (AWG23)
< 90
~0.5 (AWG20)
< 50
~0.8 (AWG18)
< 33
~1.3 (AWG16)
< 20
The recommended AC parameters of CAN bus line are 120Ω impedance
and 5 ns/m specific line delay.
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------12
2.8 Driving Capability and Baud
The relationship between ideal total bus length and baud are displayed
below.
Table3. Baud, Total Bus Length, and Number of i-7531
Baud [bit/sec]
Ideal Bus Length without i-7531 [m]
Max i-7531 Number
1M
25
1
800K
50
1
500K
100
2
250K
250
6
125K
500
12
50K
1000
25
20K
2500
62
10K
5000
125
Note 4:
When users add one i-7531 into a CAN network, the ideal total bus
length will reduce 40 meters because of the propagation delay of
i-7531. For example, if users use baud 500K and one i-7531, the
ideal total bus length will be “100 – 40 * 1 = 60 meters“. Specially, in
baud 1M bps, add one i-7531 will cause the ideal total bus length to
be less than 4 meters.
After deciding the number of i-7531 and calculating the corresponding
ideal bus length, users can use the following table to know the maximum node
number in each segment and the maximum segment length when using
different type of wire.
Table4. Driving Capability
Wire CrossSection [mm2]
The maximum segment length [m] under the
case of specific node number in this segment
32 Nodes
64 Nodes
100 Nodes
~0.25 (AWG23)
<200 m
<170 m
<150 m
~0.5 (AWG20)
<360 m
<310 m
<270 m
~0.8 (AWG18)
<550 m
<470 m
<410 m
~1.3 (AWG16)
<900 m
<780 m
<670 m
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------13
Note 5:
The definition of segment and the relationship between segment
length (Lseg1, Lseg2 …) and ideal total bus length (Ltotal) are shown in
the following figure.
Segment 1
i-7531
Segment 2
i-7531
Segment 3
L2a
L1
L3
L2b
Lseg1 = L1
Lseg2 = L2a + L2b
Lseg3 = L3
Lseg4 = L4
Ltotal = Lseg1 + Lseg2 + Lseg3 + Lseg4
i-7531
Segment 4
L4
Figure9. Definition of Lseg1 and Ltotal
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------14
3 Application Architecture
Backbone use
Backbone of CAN bus
i-7531
i-7531
CAN branch
i-7531
CAN branch
CAN branch
Electronic isolation
Extended use
i-7531
Original
CAN bus
i-7531
Extended
CAN bus
Extended
CAN bus
Electronic isolation
Figure10. Application Architecture
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------15
4 Dimension and Mounting
Figure11. Dimension
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------16
Figure12. Mounting
i-7531 CAN Repeater User Manual (ver. 1.2, 2008/02/13) ------17
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