Telepresenter M2 Administration Manual

Telepresenter M2 Administration Manual
Telepresenter M2
Administration Manual
NCast Corporation
Copyright
Copyright  2003 by NCast Corporation. All rights reserved.
Trademarks
NCast, Telepresenter, Take Streaming Further and NCast logo are trademarks of NCast
Corporation. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their
respective owners. Patents pending.
Disclaimer
This manual is supplied for informational purposes only and is subject to change without
notice. NCast Corporation should not construe it as a commitment. NCast assumes no
responsibilities for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this manual.
NCast reserves the right to make any changes to any products described herein at any
time without notice. NCast does not assume any responsibility or liability arising out of
the application or use of the product described herein, except as expressly agreed to in
writing by NCast. In addition, the purchase or use of a product from NCast does not
convey a license under any patent rights, copyrights, trademark rights or any other of
the intellectual property rights of NCast or third parties. All rights reserved.
Publisher
NCast Corporation
155A Moffett Park Drive, Suite 103
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
T: 408.541.9230
F: 408.5419231
www.NCast.com
Rev 1.3_033003
Table of Contents
Introducing the NCast Telepresenter M2........................................................................... 4
Overview............................................................................................................................. 5
Uses & Features .................................................................................................................. 6
Telepresenter Packaging, Requirements, and Options ....................................................... 8
NCast Telepresenter M2 Parts and Controls ..................................................................... 9
About the Front Panel ....................................................................................................... 10
About the LCD Screen...................................................................................................... 11
About the LED Indicators................................................................................................. 12
About the Infrared Remote Control .................................................................................. 13
Site Preparation .................................................................................................................. 14
How to Assign Network Resources (Ports and IP Addresses) ......................................... 15
How to Prepare a Site for the Telepresenter ..................................................................... 16
Installation and Set Up ....................................................................................................... 17
How to Install the Telepresenter M2 ................................................................................ 18
How to Turn on the Power................................................................................................ 21
How to Enter a Static IP Address from the Front Panel ................................................... 22
How to Set the Gateway Address ..................................................................................... 23
How to Check the Settings................................................................................................ 24
Change PIN, Lock System, and Shut Down ..................................................................... 25
How to Set or Change the PIN.......................................................................................... 26
How to Lock the System................................................................................................... 27
How to Shut Down............................................................................................................ 28
Web Administration and Network Configuration........................................................... 29
How to Access the Web Administration Pages ................................................................ 30
How to View a Video/Graphics Stream from the Web Page............................................ 31
How to Configure Network Settings (IP Configuration).................................................. 32
About the Network Configuration Page ........................................................................... 33
How to Configure SNMP.................................................................................................. 34
About the SNMP Configuration Web Administration Page............................................. 35
How to Configure Unit Options and Setup....................................................................... 37
About the Unit Options and Setup Web Administration Page ......................................... 38
How to Configure Channel Characteristics ...................................................................... 40
About the Channel Characteristics Page........................................................................... 41
How to Duplicate Channel Configurations....................................................................... 48
How to Change Session Settings ...................................................................................... 49
How to Change Video/Audio/Graphics Sources .............................................................. 50
How to Display Viewer Information ................................................................................ 51
How to Display Status Information .................................................................................. 52
About the Status Information Page ................................................................................... 53
Graphical User Interface.................................................................................................... 54
How to Enable Telepresenter Graphics Presentations ...................................................... 55
About NCast Central......................................................................................................... 56
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Administration Manual
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About Today’s Channels................................................................................................... 57
How to Start a Session ...................................................................................................... 58
How to Join a Session ....................................................................................................... 59
About the Program Schedule ............................................................................................ 60
About Settings................................................................................................................... 62
About Polling .................................................................................................................... 63
How to End a Session ....................................................................................................... 64
Presentation Modes............................................................................................................. 65
How to Set Up Two-Way Conferencing........................................................................... 66
How to Set Up Unicast Mode ........................................................................................... 67
System Optimization........................................................................................................... 68
About Bandwidth and Packet Loss ................................................................................... 69
How to Set the Q Factor.................................................................................................... 70
About Optimal Frame Rates (Video)................................................................................ 71
About Optimal Latency (Graphics) .................................................................................. 72
Appendix.............................................................................................................................. 73
Session Announcement Protocol (SAP) ........................................................................... 74
FAQ................................................................................................................................... 75
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................ 78
Glossary ............................................................................................................................ 79
NCast Corporation
Administration Manual
3
Introducing the NCast Telepresenter M2
Introduction
Welcome to interactive presentation that is easy, reliable and cost-effective.
The Telepresenter M2 transmits and receives data, which is then presented
through channels that are rich with high-quality audio, video and graphic
streams. Use a remote control, select a channel, and a session appears such as
a presentation or conference. To deliver a presentation or conference, select
an empty channel and you are transmitting.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
Overview
Uses & Features
Telepresenter Packaging, Requirements, and Options
See Page
5
6
8
Introducing the NCast Telepresenter M2
Overview
How it Works
The Telepresenter M2 produces only one communication stream in a channel
that contains video, audio, graphics and conference control data packets,
which can be easily controlled for customized presentations. Any of the data
packet types may be disabled or altered to further reduce bandwidth usage.
The video, audio, and graphics streams on the sending and receiving unit
continually request input, compress data, make packets, and transmit data in
the form of RTP packets. The receiving units organize, decompress and play
this information in the correct sequence. The conference control sends out
information to maintain floor control throughout the session. The coordinator
(instructor) can conduct live polls and temporarily allow participants to take
the floor and ask questions.
The Telepresenter captures graphics output from any laptop, PC, document
camera or standard video source and displays the graphics on an attached
SVGA-XGA monitor. In addition, remote participants can watch TV-quality
video presentations at any desktop or laptop via industry standard media
players.
The Telepresenter also provides remote administration from any standard web
browser for easy network set up and configuration. The graphical user
interface on the Telepresenter provides easy navigation with the remote
control.
Coordinator
and Participant
Anyone who wants to share visual information, designs, and concepts with
dispersed groups of people can use the Telepresenter M2 to gather input and
make immediate changes. The creator of a session (person or group) is the
coordinator with immediate floor control. The recipient of a transmission is
the participant.
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Administration Manual
5
Introducing the NCast Telepresenter M2
Uses & Features
Use Examples
The Telepresenter M2 may be used in a variety of situations for real-time, live
interactive communication, for example, you can start a session to:
• Share visual information, designs, and concepts with dispersed groups of
people to gather input and make immediate changes
• Conduct customer and employee training across many geographical areas
• Conduct and discuss research, engineering, architecture, product design,
information systems development, or process analysis when the participants
are not able to meet in one central location
• Access a centralized bank of expertise from a field location
• Disseminate important company information through presentations and
training
Features List
The table below describes important features of the Telepresenter M2 unit.
Feature
MPEG video
XGA Graphics
Description
MPEG video is a leap forward in
technology. The actual standard with
videoconferencing is H.263 video.
H.263 suffers badly with high
motion, creating artifacts and
effects, ultimately becoming a
distraction to the session. MPEG is
full motion video, the standard used
by broadcast firms for DVD
encoding. NCast provides MPEG
video because it is what users are
accustomed to seeing with movies
and television.
Provides 1024 x 768 output and
1600 x 1200 input. Simple (only
needs standard graphics output
cable), and integrated (remote users
are able to share their graphics).
Continued on next page
NCast Corporation
Administration Manual
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Introducing the NCast Telepresenter M2
Uses & Features, Continued
Features List (continued)
Feature
Multicast
Bandwidth Scalability
Floor Control
Audio Collaboration
Streaming functionality
Remote Administration
Password Protected web pages
NCast Corporation
Description
Telepresenter M2 uses multicast,
which drastically saves on
bandwidth requirements.
Videoconferencing products use
unicast, an inefficient protocol that
consumes bandwidth because every
stream has to be replicated.
You can dynamically increase or
decrease the amount of bandwidth
usage. Multicast provides scalability
(see above). Telepresenter M2 does
not require bridges and is not limited
by the amount of users.
Videoconferencing providers require
a bridge to scale beyond three to
four participants per conference, a
costly solution.
Coordinator controlled. All remote
sites are able to send audio, video,
and graphics. Conserves bandwidth.
More than 10 remote sites can speak
concurrently. With presentation
mode still active, users can discuss
video and graphics.
Telepresenter M2 lets you stream to
desktop players including but not
limited to: Quicktime, Real One, and
IPTV for the ongoing session.
The Telepresenter M2 has an
internal web server, which provides
operation, administration, and
diagnostics from the web and from a
remote site.
NCast provides two user levels:
Administrator and Viewer, and
passwords are user configurable.
Administration Manual
7
Introducing the NCast Telepresenter M2
Telepresenter Packaging, Requirements, and Options
Package
Contents
The Telepresenter M2 package contains the following items:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Video/Monitor
Requirements
Telepresenter M2 unit
Administrator Manual
User Manual
Quick Start Guide
Infrared Remote Control Unit with 4 AAA Batteries
AC Power cord
Stereo Audio cables, 6ft each (2)
Composite Video cables, 6ft each (2)
CAT 5 Ethernet cable, 7ft
S-Video cable, 6ft
Male-to-Male SVGA-XGA cable, 6ft
Product Warranty
The Telepresenter M2 has the following video/monitor requirements:
• VGA or higher resolution monitor (XGA recommended)
• NTSC/PAL enabled Television
Network
Requirements
The Telepresenter M2 has the following network requirements:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Optional Items
10/100BT Ethernet Connection
IP Multicast protocol
600 Kbps to 1.9 Mbps network bandwidth (for MPEG-1 video), or
2 to 5 Mbps network bandwidth (for MPEG-2 video), or
56 Kbs to 512 Kbps network bandwidth (for H.261 video)
DHCP enabled (to create a dynamic IP address)
Web browser for administration and Internet functions
The Telepresenter M2 has optional items, recommended for certain features:
•
•
•
•
NCast Corporation
Amplified stereo speakers; either in television or separate set
Video input device (video camera, DVD player, VCR)
Microphones
Graphics input device such as a laptop computer
Administration Manual
8
NCast Telepresenter M2 Parts and Controls
Introduction
The Telepresenter is like a TV station in a box because there is no need for
full-scale studio set up and preparation. Presentations are easy, like tuning in
to a channel on a TV. The front panel allows easy administrator set up, the
LCD screen indicates the current status of the unit, and the
LED indicators show system activity. The remote control provides userfriendly navigation similar to surfing TV channels.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
About the Front Panel
About the LCD Screen
About the LED Indicators
About the Infrared Remote Control
See Page
10
11
12
13
NCast Telepresenter M2 Parts and Controls
About the Front Panel
Description
The front panel of the Telepresenter M2 unit allows you to set up the IP
address, check the status of the unit, and control basic functions such as
volume and administrative settings.
Parts
The diagram below identifies the basic parts of the front panel.
Functions
The table below describes the functions of the parts on the front panel.
Part
Function
1 LED Indicators QUESTION – question(s) has been submitted
ON AIR – indicates transmission
TRANSMIT – connected to a conference
2 LCD Display
Indicates the current status of the unit
3 Key Pad
Enter IP, date, time, etc. All are accessible via the Front
Panel sub-menu.
4 Arrow Keys
Browse the LCD menu on the Front Panel Display
5 Volume
Decrease or increase the volume (down arrow/up arrow)
6 On Air
Temporarily disable the transmission while in a
conference (coordinator only), or reset the stream
7 Menu
Access the administrative settings in the menu
8 Select
Change features while browsing the menu
9 Mute
Turn off the sound completely/return to previous volume
10 Enter
Accept input, for example after inputting an IP address
11 Blank
Use as a backspace key for data entry
NCast Corporation
Administration Manual
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NCast Telepresenter M2 Parts and Controls
About the LCD Screen
Description
The LCD screen on the front panel of the Telepresenter M2 unit displays
important status information.
Parts
The diagram below identifies the basic parts of the LCD screen.
Functions
The table below describes the functions of the parts on the LCD screen.
Part
1 Unit ID
Function
Assigned name upon initial set up and configuration
2 Current channel Channel that the unit is tuned. When the unit is turned
off, it remembers the last channel.
3 Coordinator:
Coordinator name and the number of users who are
Users
receiving the transmission, including desktop viewers
4 Time
Current time
5 Mode
6 Mode
Indicators
7 Bandwidth
Usage Meter
8 Date Stamp
NCast Corporation
Transmit or Receive
M / H – MPEG 1 or 2, or H.261 video type
C/A/a/P/G/D/L – Audio Codec
J – JPEG Graphics
Displays total bandwidth usage (audio, video and
graphics), Mbps, and input & output.
Today’s date
Administration Manual
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NCast Telepresenter M2 Parts and Controls
About the LED Indicators
Description
The LED indicators on the front panel illuminate and blink in different colors
for question submission, transmission activity, and conference connection.
Parts
The diagram below identifies the basic parts of the LED indicators.
Functions
The table below describes the functions of the parts of the LED indicators.
Part
QUESTION
Color
Green (static)
Green (blinking)
Red (static)
Red (blinking)
ON AIR and
TRANSMIT
Green (static)
Red (blinking)
NCast Corporation
Function
Participant asked a question,
or questions are in the queue
Participant and coordinator
are in Question mode
Floor control has been
passed to a participant or
floor control is temporarily
given to a participant, who
asks a question
You need to press a key on
the remote control
Transmitting data,
connected to a conference
Off air, no transmission, no
connection
Coordinator is off air
Administration Manual
12
NCast Telepresenter M2 Parts and Controls
About the Infrared Remote Control
Description
The infrared remote control allows you to access several important functions.
Parts
This diagram identifies the basic parts of the infrared remote control.
Functions
The table below describes the functions of parts on the remote control.
Part
1 Power
2 Menu
3 Page +/Page –
4 Exit
5 Last
6 Question
7 Help
8 Compartment
(hidden)
9 Infrared signal
10 Arrow keys
11 Mute
12 Select
13 Main
14 Vol +/Vol –
15 Mic 1/Mic 2
16 Aux
17 Info
NCast Corporation
Function
End session, shutdown, or cancel
Go to Settings to adjust audio, video, and graphics
Display the previous or next page
Return to NCast Central (Main Menu)
Return to the last page visited (go back)
Submit or answer a question
Display help instructions
Slide the latch to reveal a numeric keypad & lock button
Point to remote sensor on front panel when using
Move to select an item from a menu or onscreen display
Turn off sound completely or return to previous volume
Select an item in a menu or onscreen display
Adjust the Line In 1 audio input control
Adjust the audio output control
Switch the input microphone volume for Mic 1 & 2
Change the video input selection
Switch to full screen graphics mode
Administration Manual
13
Site Preparation
Introduction
To maximize the potential of NCast Telepresenter features, the IP multicast
must be set up correctly in conjunction with firewalls. In addition, the
Telepresenter requires secure ports for outbound streams and for receiving
streams from users outside the network
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
How to Assign Network Resources (Ports and IP Addresses)
How to Prepare a Site for the Telepresenter
See Page
15
16
Site Preparation
How to Assign Network Resources (Ports and IP Addresses)
Background
The firewall determines two pieces of information from the packets: the
protocol that is being delivered and the port number to which it is being sent.
If the firewall is configured to accept a specific protocol through the port,
then the packet is allowed through the firewall.
Follow the steps in the table below before setting up the Telepresenter. These
steps are only required for traversing the firewall.
Step
1
2
IP Addresses
Action
Enable specific ports for NCast UDP traffic (applies to users
outside a network firewall)
Designate secure ports for remote users
IP addresses may be assigned to Telepresenter M2 devices two ways: DHCP
or Static IP. There are a number of advantages to using DHCP or using static
addresses. Ultimately, this is up to the network administrator. Use the table
below to help choose the right option for your site.
IF your primary concern is…
Convenience
Reliability
Upgrades and repairs
Macintosh users
Administration
Security and firewall access
Monitoring
NCast Corporation
THEN use…
DHCP because the server supplies
the IP address, netmask, gateway
address, DNS hosting information,
and host name.
DHCP because it eliminates the
possibility of wrong IP
configurations for network settings.
DHCP because hot swaps are easy, if
channel characteristics are the same
for all units.
Static IP because DHCP plug-in may
be complicated due to security.
Static IP because it provides a stable
address for the administration pages.
Static IP because it provides a stable
address for security lists and access.
Static IP because it provides a stable
address for network statistics/usage.
Administration Manual
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Site Preparation
How to Prepare a Site for the Telepresenter
Background
Use this procedure when you first purchase the Telepresenter and when you
are ready to install the hardware at your site.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to prepare a site for the Telepresenter.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
NCast Corporation
Action
Enable network multicast between expected endpoints (all
desktop/laptop computers and Telepresenters).
IP Multicast Address range: 224.0.0.1 to 239.255.255.255
The above address range is from a Class D; unlike conventional IP
addresses, this address does not point to a particular node, but
instead to a group.
Set up the multicast function in the routers between the sites. To
set up IP multicasting with firewalls, you must allow packets sent
to the standard IP multicast addresses to be enabled on all routers
in between.
If some remote sites have less than a T-1 installed, scale down the
video transmission rates for endpoints from 600 Kbps to 1.0 Mbps
or a maximum of 1.25 Mbps. This ensures proper performance of
the Telepresenter and provides bandwidth for audio, graphics, and
other administrative protocols used by the Telepresenter.
Assign a dynamic or static IP address for the Telepresenter.
Perform IP configuration for your site. See How to Configure
Network Settings (IP Configuration) and About the Network
Configuration Page on pages 32–33.
Optional. If you are operating the Telepresenter on the public
Internet, calculate the amount of bandwidth that you will have
available for the session. Customize the Telepresenter settings so
that the unit operates under these parameters.
Administration Manual
16
Installation and Set Up
Introduction
This chapter discusses easy setup, wiring, and compatibility with available
peripherals.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
How to Install the Telepresenter M2
How to Turn on the Power
How to Enter a Static IP Address from the Front Panel
How to Set the Gateway Address
How to Check the Settings
See Page
18
21
22
23
24
Installation and Set Up
How to Install the Telepresenter M2
Background
The Telepresenter M2 offers high compatibility–easy connectivity to standard
peripherals, audio, video and graphical equipment for outstanding
presentations. The diagram below illustrates the connectivity concept.
.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to install the Telepresenter at your site.
Step
1
Action
Connect the Ethernet cable to the NETWORK input jack on the
rear panel.
Continued on next page
NCast Corporation
Administration Manual
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Installation and Set Up
How to Install the Telepresenter M2, Continued
Procedure (continued)
Step
2
3
Action
Connect a VGA, SVGA-XGA, or projector monitor to the VGA
monitor port on the rear panel (GRAPHICS OUT).
Note: The graphical user interface (GUI) is only accessible when a
monitor is connected to the Telepresenter via one of the Graphics
Out connectors.
Connect a television with S-Video input to the S-VIDEO output
jack on the rear panel. Use the supplied S-Video cable.
Note: If your TV does not support S-Video input, you can still
connect the Telepresenter M2 to composite video and audio output
jacks by using the supplied cables. You can improve sound quality
by connecting the Telepresenter audio output jacks (LINE L and
R) or speaker output jack (SPKR) to an amplifier instead of the
TV’s internal speakers.
Continued on next page
NCast Corporation
Administration Manual
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Installation and Set Up
How to Install the Telepresenter M2, Continued
Procedure (continued)
Step
4
Action
Connect your video and audio equipment to the input jacks on the
rear panel. Use the supplied stereo audio and composite video
cables. Supported devices for local or network transmission
include cameras, VCRs, DVD players, and televisions.
Note: Telepresenter M2 supports two composite video inputs and
one S-Video input.
5
Connect your microphone or line inputs to the input jacks on the
rear panel.
Note: You can only use one microphone input at a time. NCast
recommends the use of echo cancellation microphones or devices
with the Telepresenter.
Connect a laptop or PC to the VGA monitor port on the rear panel
(GRAPHICS IN). Use the supplied male-to-male SVGA-XGA
cable.
6
NCast Corporation
Administration Manual
20
Installation and Set Up
How to Turn on the Power
Background
Use this procedure after you install the Telepresenter. If the network is DHCP
enabled, an IP address will be dynamically submitted to the Telepresenter M2
when the cable is connected and the unit is powered on. If the network is not
DHCP enabled, you must enter an IP address via the Front Panel or in the IP
Configuration page of the Web Administration Pages.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to turn on power for the Telepresenter.
Step
1
2
3
NCast Corporation
Action
Connect the supplied AC cord to the power connector on the rear
panel of the Telepresenter.
Make sure that all peripherals and equipment have been connected.
Turn the POWER switch on the rear panel on.
Administration Manual
21
Installation and Set Up
How to Enter a Static IP Address from the Front Panel
Background
If DHCP is not available when you turn on the power to the Telepresenter,
you must enter a static IP address on the front panel LCD.
Note: You can enable DHCP by typing 0.0.0.0 as the IP address in step 4.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to enter a static IP address.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
NCast Corporation
Action
Press the MENU button on the front panel of the Telepresenter
M2. This will list five options:
• Info
• Set IP
• Set Date
• Set Time
• PIN
Press the up or down arrow keys until you highlight “Set IP.”
Press the SELECT button.
Enter the IP address by pressing numbers on the keypad.
Note: Press the period (.) button to move to the next segment (if a
segment of the IP address has only one or two digits). Use the
button without numbers on it (blank button) as a backspace key.
Press ENTER to set the static IP address. A message is displayed
on the front panel LCD: IP Addr Set
Press the POWER key on the remote control.
Press the SELECT key on the remote control to choose
SHUTDOWN. A message is displayed on the front panel LCD:
SHUTDOWN.
Turn the power switch on the rear panel to OFF.
Turn the power switch on the rear panel to ON.
Administration Manual
22
Installation and Set Up
How to Set the Gateway Address
Background
A gateway is a computer system or other device that acts as a translator
between two systems that do not use the same communications protocols,
data formatting structures, languages, or architecture. A gateway repackages
information or changes its syntax to match the syntax of the destination
system. You may have to configure the gateway address of your
Telepresenter before you complete the set up.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to set the gateway address.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Go to the Network Configuration page. See About the Network
Configuration Page on page 33. Be sure to use a desktop system
that has the same subnet as the Telepresenter M2 unit.
Check the gateway address field to make sure that it is the correct
address.
Click Update Network Configuration. A message is displayed:
The Network Configuration has been updated, please restart the
unit.
Restart the Telepresenter unit, or, if no configuration changes were
necessary, proceed to the next section.
Administration Manual
23
Installation and Set Up
How to Check the Settings
Background
Once the unit is powered on again, check the IP address of the Telepresenter
from the front panel. If an IP address appears, you are now ready to configure
the audio, video and graphics input settings from the Telepresenter graphical
user interface (GUI).
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to check the Telepresenter settings.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
NCast Corporation
Action
Using the remote control, select SETTINGS.
Select AUDIO and use the arrow keys on the remote to choose the
appropriate inputs according to the audio equipment connected.
Repeat step 2 for VIDEO and GRAPHICS inputs.
Some network configuration settings will need to be typed into the
Telepresenter’s Web Administration page, particularly the IP
Configurations and the gateways.
Telepresenter M2 is now ready for interactive presentations and
collaborative meetings.
Administration Manual
24
Change PIN, Lock System, and Shut Down
Introduction
When you are away from the unit you can enter a personal identification
number (PIN) to restrict access and you can also lock the system. In addition,
the unit can be shut down to terminate all processes. The PIN only applies to
front panel and GUI security, and it is not applicable to the web
administration pages.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
How to Set or Change the PIN
How to Lock the System
How to Shut Down
See Page
26
27
28
Change PIN, Lock System, and Shut Down
How to Set or Change the PIN
Background
Use the front panel of the Telepresenter unit to set or change the PIN. You
can establish a PIN for security reasons, for example, to restrict access to the
unit.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to set or change the PIN.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
NCast Corporation
Action
Press the MENU key on the Telepresenter front panel.
Use the arrow keys to highlight “Set PIN.”
Press the SELECT key.
Use the keypad to enter the old PIN (or new PIN) and press Enter.
Enter a new four digit PIN and press Enter (only use numbers).
Administration Manual
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Change PIN, Lock System, and Shut Down
How to Lock the System
Background
The Lock button is on the remote control inside the hidden compartment.
While in lock state, access to the Telepresenter front panel will be restricted
and the Telepresenter will not accept any commands from the remote control
or front panel, except for the number keys. However, the Telepresenter will
continue to encode/decode audio, video and graphics in lock mode, if this was
enabled before the lock state.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to lock the Telepresenter.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Slide the latch on the remote control to reveal the hidden
compartment.
Press the LOCK button on the remote control (upper right side of
hidden compartment).
The LCD screen will display the following message when the
Lock button is pressed for the first time:
“Telepresenter Locked. Enter PIN ________”
In addition, a message will be displayed on the GUI.
Use the keypad on the remote control or Front Panel to unlock the
front panel.
Note: NCast factory default setting for the four-digit universal
PIN: 6278. This can be used if a user is locked out of the unit or if
the user loses their PIN.
Administration Manual
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Change PIN, Lock System, and Shut Down
How to Shut Down
Background
Use the Power button on the infrared remote control to shut down the
Telepresenter.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to shut down.
Step
1
2
3
NCast Corporation
Action
Press the POWER button on the IR remote control.
Use the arrow keys to highlight “Shutdown.”
Press the SELECT key on the remote control. The Telepresenter
will perform a clean shutdown and terminate all processes.
Note: If the POWER button on the remote control is accidentally
pressed, or if you change your mind about shutting down the
system, highlight “Cancel” and press the SELECT key to cancel.
Administration Manual
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
Introduction
When the Telepresenter M2 is connected to an IP network, you can
accomplish configuration, administration, and diagnostic tasks from a remote
location. The Telepresenter M2 contains an embedded web server dedicated
to these tasks.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
How to Access the Web Administration Pages
How to View a Video/Graphics Stream from the Web Page
How to Configure Network Settings (IP Configuration)
About the Network Configuration Page
How to Configure SNMP
About the SNMP Configuration Web Administration Page
How to Configure Unit Options and Setup
About the Unit Options and Setup Web Administration Page
How to Configure Channel Characteristics
About the Channel Characteristics Page
How to Duplicate Channel Configurations
How to Change Session Settings
How to Change Video/Audio/Graphics Sources
How to Display Viewer Information
How to Display Status Information
About the Status Information Page
See Page
30
31
32
33
34
35
37
38
40
41
48
49
50
51
52
53
Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Access the Web Administration Pages
Background
The web server is easily accessed through any standard web browser via
desktop and laptop computers. Each Telepresenter M2 is assigned an IP
address from the network.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the web administration pages.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a standard web browser and
then press Enter.
Type the default Telepresenter user name and password for
network administrators: Username: admin; Password: ncast.
Note: Username and password are case sensitive.
Press Enter. The NCast Telepresenter View screen is displayed.
Type /admin at the end of the IP address in the URL address
window for access to administrator level privileges, settings, and
configurations.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to View a Video/Graphics Stream from the Web Page
Background
The Telepresenter M2 supports industry standard desktop video players
including but not limited to: QuickTime, Real One Player, IPTV, MIM, etc.
The View Stream Page enables users to view the NCast Telepresenter M2
video, audio, and graphics streams (sessions) directly from players installed
on their desktop computers. To download one of the players go to:
http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/
Or
http://www.real.com/realone
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to view a stream from the web page.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into any web browser.
Click the View link on the left side of the web page.
Or,
If QuickTime Player is installed as the default desktop player,
click QT.
Or,
If Real One Player is installed as the default player, click RO.
Note: The administrator must enable one of these media players on
the Unit Options page. See How to Configure Unit Options and
Setup on page 37.
Click a view link at the bottom of the screen to select the size of
the video with or without graphics:
• Small
• Medium
• Large (Fit to Window)
• Graphics & Video
• Graphics
The video (and/or graphics) plays automatically with the default
media player that is currently set up.
Click Back in your respective browser to return to the default page
with the links to the different sized windows.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Configure Network Settings (IP Configuration)
Background
The Network Configuration Page provides advanced user options for specific
network customization. Upon shipment, the Telepresenter has defaults of
simple assumptions. For example, the gateway’s address is assumed to be:
x.x.x.1, a network’s address at x.x.x.0, and a broadcast address at x.x.x.255,
etc. These settings are usually quite standard on most networks.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the Network Configuration web
page.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Type information as needed to configure.
See About the Network Configuration Page.
Click UPDATE IP CONFIGURATION.
Press POWER on the remote control.
Press the arrow keys on the remote control to highlight
“Shutdown.”
Press SELECT.
Turn off the Telepresenter M2 unit.
Turn on the unit to see the configuration changes.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Network Configuration Page
Descripti
on
Fields
The Network Configuration Page is for advanced users who are very familiar
with the network settings.
The table below describes the fields on the Network Configuration Page.
Field
DHCP
IP Address
Netmask
Network
Broadcast
address
Gateway address
Hostname
Domain name
Nameserver 1
Nameserver 2
Ethernet mode
NCast Corporation
Description
Enable/Disable DHCP settings for automatic address
retrieval from the network.
Assign a specific address to the Telepresenter.
This will also display the current address assigned
Type the Netmask ID
Type the Network ID
Broadcast to this IP address and send to all stations
Gateway address connecting networks
Unique name by which a computer is known on the
network
Full name of system, including local hostname, domain
name, and top-level domain.
Address where the Telepresenter may get name service
Backup address for Telepresenter name service
Auto-negotiation, 100 base or 10 base modes
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Configure SNMP
Background
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is an application layer
protocol that facilitates the exchange of management information between
network devices. It is part of the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) protocol suite. SNMP lets network administrators manage
network performance, find and solve network problems, and plan for network
growth.
SNMP has three versions: SNMP version 1 (SNMPv1), SNMP version 2
(SNMPv2), and SNMP version 3 (SNMPv3). Both SNMPv1 and v2 have a
number of common features, but SNMPv3 offers enhancements, such as
security features.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the SNMP Configuration web
administration page.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the SNMP link on the left side of the web page.
Type the SNMP configuration information for your site in the
appropriate fields.
Click Update Configuration and Restart SNMP Daemon.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the SNMP Configuration Web Administration Page
Description
An SNMP-managed network consists of three key components: managed
devices, agents, and network-management systems (NMS). Managed devices
are monitored and controlled using four basic SNMP commands: read (to
monitor managed devices) write (to control managed devices), trap (to report
events to the NMS), and traversal operations (to gather information in
variable tables). The SNMP Configuration page uses these commands by
specifying read and write communities, trap communities, and hosts.
Fields
The table below describes the fields on the SNMP Configuration Page.
Field
Read-Only
Community
Community
Access
Read-Write
Community
Description
Defines the SNMP community string for Read-Only
access type (default is Public)
Defines the access options for Read-Only community
string (Read All, Read All except NCast variables, or
disable)
Defines the SNMP community string for Read-Write
access type (default is Private)
Continued on next page
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the SNMP Configuration Web Administration Page,
Continued
Fields (continued)
Field
Community
Access
SNMP-V3
Host to Receive
V1 Traps
Port
Description
Defines the access options for Read-Write community
string (Read All/Write All, Read All /Write all except
NCast variables, or disable)
Enable/Disable settings for SNMP version 3
Defines a trap receiver for SNMP version 1 traps
Defines a port number for the SNMP version 1 trap
receiver
Trap Sink
Defines a community for the SNMP version 1 trap
Community
(default is public)
Hosts to Receive Defines a trap receiver for SNMP version 2 or version 3
V2, V3 Traps
traps
Trap V2, V3 Sink Defines a community for the SNMP version 2 or version
Community
3 traps (default is public)
Host to Receive Defines a trap message receiver for notification when a
Informs
trap condition occurs
Inform Sink
Defines a community for trap notification
Community
Update
Saves the configured settings and restarts SNMP
Configuration
and Restart
SNMP Daemon
Restore Default
Used to configure other SNMP users
SNMP-V3 Users
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Configure Unit Options and Setup
Background
Unit Options & Setup Web Administration Page is for initial setup,
administration, and setting security on the unit. NCast recommends
configuration of the Unit Options and Setup page first before other Web
Administration pages. Each Telepresenter M2 unit on the network should
have a unique configuration assigned by a network administrator.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the Unit Options & Setup page.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the Unit Options link on the left side of the web page.
Type configuration information in the appropriate fields.
Click Update Unit Options. A message is displayed: Unit options
have been updated.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Unit Options and Setup Web Administration Page
Description
The Unit Options & Setup web administration page provides information on
each specific unit.
Fields
The table below describes the fields on the Unit Options and Setup page.
Field
Unit ID
Contact name
Contact email
Contact phone
Contact location
Web Page URL
TV Standard
Timezone
Description
Assigned name or ID of unit (appears in announcements)
Name of a contact person, administrator or owner of the
unit (appears in announcements)
E-mail address of the contact person of the unit
Phone number of the contact person
Location of the unit
Home page of the administrator (organization) web page
NTSC (United States, Canada, Japan) and PAL (Europe,
South America)
Time zone for the geographic location of the unit
Continued on next page
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Unit Options and Setup Web Administration Page,
Continued
Fields (continued)
Field
Channel Table
Source
Description
Source IP address unit of the Telepresenter (used to
duplicate Channel Table configurations)
Administrator
To control Telepresenter units remotely, an IT or
password
network administrator must have a username and
password to access Web Administration pages
NCast default settings for username: admin; password:
ncast
Password
Enter the password again to verify accuracy. Please
Verification
remember to write it down in a safe place and submit the
password to appropriate IT Administration personnel
Viewer
Enable: Users will be prompted to enter login and
Authentication
password information each time, then access the Web
Viewer Stream pages . Disable: Allows access to the
Web View Stream pages without authentication of user
passwords.
Viewer password Provides users with the ability to view streaming video,
audio and graphics from a desktop or laptop connected
to the network, but restricts them from accessing web
administration and configuration pages.
NCast default settings for username: viewer; password:
ncast. Admin and Viewer passwords can be changed in
Unit Options & Setup page
Security Key
Used for standard encryption of media streams from
Telepresenter to Telepresenter. Must be no longer than
16 characters, alphabetic or numeric. The same security
key must be used for all units involved in the secure
session.
Note: The security key only works between
Telepresenters, and if the security key is enabled,
desktop users will be unable to view the streams.
IP Restriction
Sets the range of IP addresses that may change the unit’s
parameters (for example, a contact person can list their
own desktop IP address, 1.2.3.4, or you can configure
the addresses to a subnet by using wildcards, 1.2.3.*.
All others can only view this information, not edit it.
Reboot Unit
Perform a clean reboot from a remote location.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Configure Channel Characteristics
Background
The Channel Characteristics Table lists all setups as determined by an
administrator. Every Telepresenter M2 on the network operates on a channel
table. The channel table can be configured so that restrictions and controls can
be set on bandwidth usage, whether video is allowed on a specific channel,
what type of video can be used, whether the channel can be configured for
graphics or audio, etc.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the Channel Characteristics
page.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the Channel link on the left side of the page.
Click the appropriate options for audio, video, graphics and
conference control settings. Use the drop-down lists to quickly
select the desired settings.
Click Update Channel Information.
Optional. Click Channel Summary to view the current settings
for all 100 channels.
Optional. Click Channel Reset to reset the channel to NCast
default settings.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page
Description
The Channel Characteristics page organizes complex configuration
parameters into an efficient and versatile setting so you can administer and
control a multimedia network. The Channel Characteristics page is divided
into four sections: video, audio, graphics, and conference. It allows control
over excessive bandwidth usage, scheduling problems, network overloads,
and difficult multicast parameters that frustrate infrastructure development.
Channel
Information
The channel is identified by representative text in the first field on the page;
for example, a channel could be named after a department or current
geographic location. The page also displays the numerical channel number.
Session
Announcement
Protocol (SAP)
If the SAP check box is selected on a particular channel, the Telepresenter
transmits announcements so that other clients on a network can join a current
session. Telepresenters are able to both send and receive SAP
announcements.
Continued on next page
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page, Continued
Auto
Coordinator
(AC)
If the AC check box is selected, the Telepresenter M2 unit will automatically
become the coordinator. You should plan ahead before deploying a group of
Telepresenters because the coordinator is the controlling member of NCast
sessions, responsible for the presentation itself, floor control, fielding
questions, and transmitting the majority of the video, audio and graphics.
Never
Coordinator
(NC)
If the NC check box is selected, the Telepresenter unit will always be a
participant on a specific channel (it disables coordinator privileges for a
particular unit).
NC and AC cannot be selected simultaneously.
State
State is a display option for video, audio, and graphics that shows whether
transmission and reception is enabled or disabled on the channel.
Format
Format is a common setting for video, audio, and graphics that indicates the
type of compression used on a channel as follows:
• For Video: MPEG (1 or 2), H.261, and M-JPEG
• For Audio: Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), Global System for Mobile
Communications (GSM), digital audio compression (DVI), and 16-bit
Audio in Mono & Stereo (For best quality, select L16S at 44 kHz. This
setting will increase bandwidth consumption).
• For Graphics: JPEG
Multicast
Multicast is a common setting for video, audio, and graphics with the
following options:
• Src: Source (headend) IP address for use with Source Specific Multicast
Protocol (SSM); currently not available
• Addr: Address used for the stream (multicast or unicast). Each stream has
its own multicast address, video, audio and graphics.
• Port: Port used for the stream
Continued on next page
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page, Continued
Scope
Scope is a common setting for video, audio, and graphics with the following
options:
• Admin: Defines the boundaries of the multicast packet transmission
(confines the multicast session packets within an organization’s network).
• TTL: Time to Live, or the amount of time or router hops that multicast
packets travel throughout a network before expiring.
TTL Values
TTL value is a common setting for video, audio, and graphics. You can
determine the appropriate TTL value for your network; otherwise, the default
value will be used. The table below defines conventional scope control
values.
TTL
0
1
15
63
127
191
255
Video stream
options
Scope Threshold
Restricted to the same host
Restricted to the same subnetwork
Restricted to the same site
Restricted to the same region
Worldwide
Worldwide; limited bandwidth
Unrestricted in scope
The table below describes the video-specific options of the Channel
Characteristics page.
Field
Bandwidth
Frames
Quality
Format Switch
Description
Preset values of video bandwidth or a custom bit rate in
kilobytes per second (Kbps)
Preset frames per second (fps) between 1 and 30. Or, a
custom value for the frames per second.
Video quality (medium or high). Or, a custom value for
the quality factor (ranges between 1-100). Only relevant
to H.261.
Switch between video format streams. Defaults will
disallow this feature, but if enabled, you can select from
these three settings in the Video Settings portion of the
GUI.
Continued on next page
NCast Corporation
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page, Continued
Audio section
The illustration below shows the audio section of the Channel Characteristics
page.
Audio stream
options
The table below describes the audio-specific options of the Channel
Characteristics page.
Field
mSec/Pkt
Description
Audio milliseconds per packet. The tradeoff is better
efficiency with a higher number, but longer delay.
Spkrphone
Audio input control settings such as Full Duplex
(simultaneous two-way conversation possible), Mike
mutes (microphone has priority over incoming audio
from the network), and Net mutes (incoming audio from
the network has priority over the local microphone).
Redundant Audio Enable/Disable audio setting that improves audio
Packets
transmission for a data network with packet loss. This
will duplicate the amount of bandwidth used for the
audio stream, for example, PCM now would equal 128
Kbps.
Collaboration
Enable/Disable audio setting that allows every
Mode
participant to speak at the same time
Continued on next page
NCast Corporation
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page, Continued
Graphics
section
The illustration below shows the graphics section of the Channel
Characteristics page.
Graphics
stream options
The table below describes the graphics-specific options of the Channel
Characteristics page.
Field
Show Streams
Display
Bandwidth
Frames
Quality
Description
Primary: Shows only coordinator graphics
Both: Displays both coordinator and participant graphics
on local attendees’ SVGA-XGA graphic monitors
Both the coordinator and participant at every site can
view graphics. Choose between Full Screen graphics,
embedded graphics, Layout 1 (Picture in Picture) or
Layout 2 (Side by Side)
Preset values of graphics bandwidth or a custom bit rate
in kilobytes per second (Kbps)
Preset frames per minute (fpm) between 1 and 40 (the
more fpm, the more bandwidth required). Or, a custom
value for the frames per minute.
Graphics quality (medium or high). Or, a custom value
for the quality factor (ranges between 1-100).
Continued on next page
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page, Continued
Burst Mode vs.
Bit Rate
(graphics)
The drop-down list for graphics bandwidth has an option for burst mode and
custom bit rate Burst mode allows graphics streaming to be as fast as
possible, in bursts. However, this setting consumes more bandwidth for highresolution graphics, which may cause slight video and audio interruptions.
With custom, you set a specific bit rate, which will allow slower transmission
of the graphics with lower bandwidth requirements.
MTU section
The illustration below shows the MTU section of the Channel Characteristics
page.
The maximum transfer unit (MTU) is the largest size of IP datagram that may
be transferred using a specific data link connection. MTU lets you adjust the
packet size of transmissions to fit the device. For example, satellite devices
require a smaller MTU than Telepresenter default settings provide; therefore,
you can tailor the packet size to be deliverable for other requirements.
Continued on next page
NCast Corporation
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Channel Characteristics Page, Continued
Conference
section
The illustration below shows the Conference section of the Channel
Characteristics page.
2 Party Floor
Control
Only available when there are two units in a session. “Enable” allows both
parties to pass on floor control to each other. “Disable” sets the units to the
videoconference mode, or default.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Duplicate Channel Configurations
Background
You can duplicate settings of the designated source channel table to facilitate
configuration of multiple Telepresenter units across a company-wide
network.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to duplicate the channel settings.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
NCast Corporation
Action
Go to the Unit Options and Setup web administration page.
Type the IP address of the source Telepresenter unit in the
Channel Table Source field.
Click Update Unit Options.
Go to the Channel Characteristics web administration page.
Click Download Channel Table. All channel configuration
settings of the source Telepresenter unit will be duplicated in the
new Telepresenter unit.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Change Session Settings
Background
The Session Information web administration page shows current audio, video,
graphics and conference control settings. This page allows a network
administrator to temporarily change settings for a particular session. The
changes will last as long as the session is running, without affecting the
settings in the Channel Characteristics page, which are permanent.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the Session Information page.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the Session link on the left side of the web page.
Click the appropriate options for audio, video, graphics and
conference control settings. Use the drop-down lists to quickly
select the desired settings. For more information, see About the
Channel Characteristics Page on page 41.
Click Update Session Information.
Optional. Enter a channel number and click Go To Channel. This
takes you to a channel and changes the channel on the unit so you
can update the unit characteristics for a session.
Optional. Click On Air On/Off to toggle between transmitting
and temporarily disabling a session stream (mimics the on/off air
button on the front panel of the Telepresenter). This action quickly
releases bandwidth for an emergency in the network.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Change Video/Audio/Graphics Sources
Background
The Video/Audio/Graphics Sources web administration page provides a
report on the sources currently attached to the unit. It allows switching of
input and output sources as required, as well the ability to change gain levels
on audio inputs. From this page, a network administrator or user can remotely
administer the selected inputs and outputs.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to access the Video/Audio/Graphics
Sources page.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the Sources link on the left side of the web page
Click the appropriate options for audio, video, and graphics
settings.
Click Update Source Information.
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50
Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Display Viewer Information
Background
The Viewer Information Page displays information on viewers of a current
session. Each entry is separated into three categories: video, audio and
graphic viewers. Statistics are separated because viewers can independently
tune in to any stream. Viewers have information that is listed according to
what is sent out via their announcements, and according to what is listed in
their Unit Options page. In addition, you can display the Telepresenter
software information for a particular client.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to display viewer information.
Step
1
2
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the Viewers link on the left side of the web page.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
How to Display Status Information
Background
The Status Information Page provides information on Telepresenter M2
network performance. These statistics are for evaluating network performance
and if necessary, for diagnosing network problems. The information is
populated by reception reports received by participating Telepresenters on the
network.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to display status information.
Step
1
2
NCast Corporation
Action
Type the Telepresenter IP address into a web browser.
Click the Status link on the left side of the web page.
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Web Administration and Network Configuration
About the Status Information Page
Description
The Status Information page is divided into three sections: video, audio, and
graphic statistics. Because each channel represents all three data types, this
page provides separate statistics on each. The Status Information page will
also display performance in a current session.
Fields
The table below describes the fields on the Status Information page.
Field
Description
RTP Statistics for RealTime Transport Protocol (IP address of the
[email protected]
applicable table)
Kilobits
Amount of information, in Kilobits, that the decoder has
processed
Frames
Number of video frames received
Packets
Amount of received packets
Missing
Number of packets that have not been received
Runts
Ethernet frames that are shorter than the usual packet
length (usually caused by network collisions)
Dups
Number of duplicate packets via the RTP sequence
Bad-S-Len
Incorrect Header Length Field
Bad-S-Ver
Incorrect Header Version Number
Bad-S-Opt
Unrecognized option specified in header
Bad-S-des
S-Des count is greater than available data
Bad-Bye
Bye count is greater than available data
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Graphical User Interface
Introduction
The NCast Telepresenter M2 is controlled using a graphical user interface
(GUI) that has been designed for easy navigation for all types of users with
the IR remote control. This section describes each of the GUI pages and
functionality. Press HELP on the remote control to obtain hints for each
screen.
The GUI is only accessible when an SVGA monitor or a projector is
connected to the Telepresenter via one of the Graphics Out connectors.
You cannot view network status or diagnostic information from the GUI, or
perform advanced functions such as channel configuration or changing certain
session parameters. Perform advanced settings by using a desktop browser
and the Web Administration pages.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
How to Enable Telepresenter Graphics Presentations
About NCast Central
About Today’s Channels
How to Start a Session
How to Join a Session
About the Program Schedule
About Settings
About Polling
How to End a Session
See Page
55
56
57
58
59
60
62
63
64
Graphical User Interface
How to Enable Telepresenter Graphics Presentations
Background
The Telepresenter accepts graphics input from laptops, desktops (PC),
document cameras, electronic whiteboards, and other devices without
additional software requirements on the laptop or PC. The Telepresenter
captures the screen as it appears on a laptop or PC and displays graphics on
an SVGA-XGA monitor for highest quality resolution.
The Telepresenter is able to accept graphic input resolutions ranging to
1600x1200. Inputs above 1024x768 are scaled down to this resolution on
output.
Graphics resolution and quality varies depending on the bandwidth, frames
per second and latency settings found on the Session Information or Channel
Characteristics web administration pages.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to enable Telepresenter graphics
presentations.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
NCast Corporation
Action
Connect a laptop or PC using the supplied male-to-male SVGAXGA cable to the Telepresenter rear panel in the Graphics-In
SVGA-XGA connector (or if you are attaching a document
camera, you may plug into the S-Video or Composite Video
connector, as appropriate).
Press the arrow keys on the remote control to move to Settings
from NCast Central (a graphical user interface that is displayed on
the SVGA-XGA monitor or projector).
Press SELECT on the remote control.
Press the arrow keys on the remote control to highlight graphics.
Press SELECT on the remote control.
Choose one of the following graphics inputs for the equipment
attached to the Telepresenter:
• Graphics In Composite
• Graphics In SVHS/SVIDEO
• Graphics In SVGA (most common)
• Auto Detect (allows the Telepresenter to detect graphics input
without manual selections)
• None
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Graphical User Interface
About NCast Central
Description
NCast Central is the default page that appears when the Telepresenter M2 is
in standby mode. When a session is created or joined, NCast Central will
generate a list of Attendees on the left side of the screen. At the bottom of the
screen, NCast Central displays a Question Queue, Coordinator Information
and Help text.
Attendee List
In the Attendee list, the coordinator’s name will appear as the first attendee.
When floor control is relinquished to a participant, the participant’s name in
the attendee list is highlighted blue.
Helpful Tips
Use the arrow keys on your remote control to move around in the graphical
user interface of the Telepresenter. Press Exit on the remote control to return
to NCast Central.
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Graphical User Interface
About Today’s Channels
Description
Today’s Channels is a table that lists available channels for tuning. From
Today’s Channels, selecting an empty channel creates a session, where DVDquality video, audio and high-resolution graphics can be presented and shared
with remote sites and desktop users. The Telepresenter M2 may contain up to
100 channels.
Helpful Tips
To quickly search for a channel, use the Page + and Page – keys on the
remote control. If a channel appears empty, it is available for starting a new
session.
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Graphical User Interface
How to Start a Session
Background
Empty channels do not have an originator; therefore, a new session can be
created.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to create a new session.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Use the arrow keys or the page +/page – keys on the remote
control to find an empty channel from Today’s Channels.
Press Select on the remote control.
Select YES or NO for the following prompt:
Nobody is using this channel. Do you want to start a new session?
Note: If the administrator sets Always Coordinator (AC) as a
channel characteristic for the Telepresenter, the unit will
automatically begin as coordinator (and the prompt will not
appear).
Select YES to connect to the channel and become the coordinator
of that session. The following message displays: Session started
successfully.
Note: If you select NO a new session will not be created.
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Graphical User Interface
How to Join a Session
Background
Sessions that are currently running are shown with an originator’s name.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to join a current session.
Step
1
2
3
NCast Corporation
Action
Use the arrow keys or the page +/page – keys on the remote
control to highlight a specific channel from Today’s Channels.
Press Select on the remote control.
You will join the current session as a participant and your name
will appear on the Attendee List in NCast Central.
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Graphical User Interface
About the Program Schedule
Description
Program Schedule is a detailed listing of current and pre-announced future
sessions displayed from the network. This listing provides the specific time,
date, duration, channel and name of the session, similar to a typical TV guide.
Note: Sessions cannot be created from Program Schedule.
Other Uses
The Program Schedule is a handy tool for accessing information on current
transmissions in a given IP network. It lists all announcements from
Telepresenters when they are a part of a session on a given channel. If the
Telepresenter has access to the Internet, it will also see other networking
announcements. These other networking announcements range from software
multicast transmissions to other Telepresenters that are announcing over the
Internet.
SAP
Telepresenters will also self-announce, so do not be surprised to see your own
entry if you are currently tuned to or transmitting a current session. Keep in
mind that your Telepresenter will only self-announce if it has permission to
do so on that channel. Additionally, in order to view announcements from
other Telepresenters, these units must have session announcement protocol
(SAP) configured as well on that Telepresenter Channel Table. See About the
Channel Characteristics Page on page 41.
Continued on next page
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Graphical User Interface
About the Program Schedule, Continued
Fields
The table below describes the fields on the Program Schedule.
Field
Program
Date
Time
Duration
Channel
Description
Displays the Unit ID that is transmitting. If the
announcement is foreign, it will display the
announcement details of the transmission
If originating from a Telepresenter, displays the current
date of the announcement. If originating from an SDR
(Session Directory) tool, displays the scheduled date of
the transmission
Displays, in five minute intervals, the current time of
Telepresenter broadcasts
Displays the duration of currently announced sessions
Displays the channel that is associated with this
Telepresenter session. If this channel does not
correspond with the Telepresenter Channel Table in use,
it will display the other Telepresenter channel.
Helpful Tips
To quickly join a session in the Program Schedule listing, use the Page + and
Page – keys on the remote control and press Select after you highlight the
desired session. This easy search is particularly useful if you do not know
which channel or time a session will be on air.
WWW caveats
If the network is enabled to do so, the Program Schedule will also display
broadcasts from the World Wide Web. Some announcements in the Program
Schedule originate from the World Wide Web; these may not be compatible
with the Telepresenter M2 and therefore cannot be accessed.
SDR tools
If users wish to preannounce far in advance programs they will be presenting,
for example, “Chemistry 101,” they can use SDR tools to send out
announcements ahead of time. The SDR tools are handy for adding more
details and sending out SAPs in advance. For more information on publicly
available SDR tools, see FAQ on page 75.
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61
Graphical User Interface
About Settings
Description
Settings menus allow you to change inputs for audio, video and graphics,
adjust volume levels, and choose the video format if allowed by network
administrator settings.
Inputs
Use the arrow keys and press Select on the remote control to choose the
correct connection inputs for the Telepresenter. The table below describes
these settings.
Audio
Audio In 1
Audio In 2
Video
Video In 1
Video In 2
Microphone 1
Microphone 2
None
SVIDEO Video In
Auto Detect
None
Graphics
Graphics In Composite
Graphics In SVHS /
SVIDEO
Graphics In SVGA
Auto Detect
None
For Graphics Settings: Selecting Auto Detect will allow the Telepresenter to
detect graphics input without manually selecting the input.
Helpful Tips
You can also access Settings by pressing Menu on the remote control. For
easy navigation, press Last on the remote control to return to the previous
screen.
NCast Corporation
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62
Graphical User Interface
About Polling
Description
A coordinator may set up a poll during a session at any time to elicit
coordinated responses from participants. The Telepresenter includes three
types of polls:
• Yes, No
• Good, Average, Bad
• A, B, C, D
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to begin a poll and to view the results.
Step
1
2
3
4
Helpful Tips
Action
Go to the Polling menu and select the desired poll.
Select Start Polling. Participants will see a poll screen
automatically appear on their SVGA monitor or projector screen;
from the poll screen, participants may select answers to respond to
the poll.
Required (Coordinator): Go back into the Polling menu to see the
results of the poll.
Required (Coordinator): Select Stop Polling to end the poll.
A very effective poll can include a visual graphic; such as an Excel
spreadsheet or a PowerPoint slide that asks the participants to respond.
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Graphical User Interface
How to End a Session
Background
Use the Power button on the infrared remote control to end a session. A
coordinator may use End Session to terminate a session. A participant may
use End Session to leave a session. It is highly recommended that every user
end a session in order to release network bandwidth when they exit.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to end a session.
Step
1
2
3
NCast Corporation
Action
Press Power on the remote control.
Press the arrow keys on the remote control to highlight End
Session on the video monitor.
Press Select on the remote control. All participants that were on
the channel will be terminated from the session.
Administration Manual
64
Presentation Modes
Introduction
Interactive group meetings are easily facilitated using the Telepresenter.
Virtually any number of Telepresenter remote sites can join a session.
Desktop users can also participate in presentations and meetings by viewing
Telepresenter M2 Sessions via any web browser with Apple QuickTime or
RealOne media players.
Two-Way
Conferencing
The Telepresenter M2 is equipped for point-to-point videoconferencing. Twoway videoconferencing feature is automatic when two Telepresenters are
engaged in a session on the same channel. Both Telepresenters must have a
video input, such as a camera or VCR player.
Two-way conferencing operates via multicast without floor control, where
two users will be able to see and hear each other without needing to pass floor
control – much like a phone conversation but with video interactivity.
Telepresenter M2 two-way conferences operate with one unit transmitting
H.261 and the other unit transmitting MPEG quality audio and video,
providing high quality face-to-face virtual meetings. Full duplex MPEG is
also available as an option.
Unicast Mode
The Telepresenter can operate in Unicast mode (point-to-point
communication from one device to another over a network). This can include
a Telepresenter or a desktop computer. Only one Unicast stream can be sent
at a time but the Darwin Streaming Server (free download), can be used to
unicast multiple signals. Contact NCast for more information on this feature.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
How to Set Up Two-Way Conferencing
How to Set Up Unicast Mode
See Page
66
67
Presentation Modes
How to Set Up Two-Way Conferencing
Background
Two-way conferencing will operate with only two users on one channel.
When a third party joins the channel, the Telepresenter M2 will automatically
switch to group presentation mode, where the coordinator will be presenting
to all the participants on the channel.
Note: Telepresenter M2 units cannot transmit MPEG in both directions unless
custom hardware is present.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to set up a two-way conference. Once all
input settings are correctly set, both units will be in a two-way conference
with audio and video transmissions.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
NCast Corporation
Action
At the coordinator Telepresenter site:
Use the arrow keys on the remote control to find an empty channel
on NCast Central.
At the participant Telepresenter site:
Use the arrow keys on the remote control to select the same
channel as the coordinator unit.
Note: Participants must always select the channel after the
coordinator.
Press the arrow keys on the remote control to move to Settings
from NCast Central.
Check the audio and video input settings for the coordinator and
participant units.
Check the LCD display on the Telepresenter to ensure that one
unit is transmitting H.261 (h) and the other unit is transmitting
MPEG (M).
Optional. Go to the Session Information web administration page
to change the video settings (for example, from H.261 to MPEG
video).
Optional. Click Update Session Information.
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66
Presentation Modes
How to Set Up Unicast Mode
Background
Multicast is highly recommended when using the Telepresenter M2.
However, if a network is not multicast enabled or not available, the
alternative is to use Telepresenter in Unicast mode.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to enable Unicast mode.
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Type each Telepresenter IP address (coordinator unit and
participant unit) into separate web browsers.
Click Session and configure one unit to transmit MPEG-1 and the
other unit as H-261.
Click Update Session Information.
For the MPEG transmitting unit: Type 0.0.0.0 in the Multicast:
Address field for Conference settings.
5
6
Click Update Session Information.
For the MPEG transmitting unit: Type the IP address in the
Multicast: Addr field and Display: Pri (Primary) fields for Audio,
Video, and Graphics settings.
7
Repeat the above steps for the Telepresenter transmitting H.261,
using the IP address of the Telepresenter transmitting MPEG in the
related fields.
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System Optimization
Introduction
The Telepresenter is adaptable for a large variety of network environments
with different bandwidth availability. You can configure the Telepresenter to
achieve optimal settings for the video, audio, and graphics streams by
tailoring bandwidth, viewing packet loss, and changing the settings for Q
factor (Quality), frame rate, and bandwidth.
This section provides optimal settings for latency, frame rate, or picture
quality at specified bandwidths (for both video and graphics). This
information is a result of NCast internal testing. The results shown below
assume a regular network. If an extremely over trafficked network is
introduced, this could increase the amount of latency associated with the
graphics stream.
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
About Bandwidth and Packet Loss
How to Set the Q Factor
About Optimal Frame Rates (Video)
About Optimal Latency (Graphics)
See Page
69
70
71
72
System Optimization
About Bandwidth and Packet Loss
Tailoring
Bandwidth
Tailoring a network connection’s bandwidth is crucial for delivering a
successful streaming media presentation. Internet users with 2.0 Mbps
modems, for example, need to view presentations that require less than 2.0
Mbps of data per second. As the first step in optimizing system performance,
you need to tailor the bandwidth to your audience and create content with that
connection speed in mind. This helps ensure that the presentation streams
smoothly.
In cases where an outbound network link becomes extremely slow, this is
most likely due to a high demand for bandwidth with little supply. To
alleviate the problem you should reduce the amount of bandwidth that the
Telepresenters are utilizing, for example, reduce the MPEG video from 800
kbps to 700 kbps, the audio from Hi-Fi to PCM, and the graphics from 768 to
512 kbps.
Viewing Packet
Loss
Audio, video, and graphics for transmission over the Internet has to be split
into packets, which are then launched onto the network. At the receiver, the
packets may be delivered out of order, or not at all, and packet arrival times
are unpredictable. Packet loss occurs for a number of reasons: when routers
become overloaded, when packets arrive too late to be played back, or when
scheduling difficulties occur in a multi-tasking operating system.
Packet loss is a persistent problem that can get worse. From a user’s point of
view, packet loss severely disrupts audio intelligibility, even for very low loss
rates. If a user is also experiencing packet loss with the video signal, that user
can view packet loss statistics on our Statistics web page. By looking at this
number, the user can determine whether they should reduce the bandwidth
usage. See How to Display Status Information on page 52 for more
information.
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System Optimization
How to Set the Q Factor
Background
The Q factor that is displayed on the Channel Characteristics and Session
Information pages represents a quality setting. A high Q factor results in a
higher resolution for the image and therefore a larger file size. The bandwidth
value directly affects the latency for graphics, or time for the image to be sent
from a transmitter to a receiver. For example, when a bandwidth of only 256
Kbps is available for graphics, and a file has Q=90, it will take longer for the
image to arrive at its destination.
Procedure
Follow the steps in the table below to set the Q factor (Quality).
Step
1
2
3
4
NCast Corporation
Action
Go to the Channel Characteristics page or the Session Information
page. You can configure quality settings on either page.
Note: Changes made to the Session Information page only apply to
a session in progress.
Beside the Quality setting (for the Video or Graphics section of the
page), select Set Q.
Type the quality factor.
Click Update Channel Information or Update Session
Information.
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System Optimization
About Optimal Frame Rates (Video)
H.261 optimal
frame rate
Use the values in the table below to choose an optimal frame rate for H.261
video. The static frame rate value in this example is 30, but the Telepresenter
automatically assumes the highest frame rate that the bandwidth setting
allows (lower for smaller bandwidth connections). To achieve full 30 fps
video, use MPEG as the video codec.
Bandwidth Setting
64 Kbps
128 Kbps
256 Kbps
512 Kbps
H.261 Optimal
Resolution
Specified Frame Rate
Value
30
30
30
30
Quality Factor
(Resolution)
60-65
70-80
80-85
75-85
Use the values in the table below to choose an optimal resolution for H.261
video at the standard frame rate.
Bandwidth Setting
64 Kbps
128 Kbps
256 Kbps
512 Kbps
NCast Corporation
Specified Frame Rate
Value
30
30
30
30
Quality Factor
(Resolution)
85-90
80-90
87-95
85-95
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System Optimization
About Optimal Latency (Graphics)
Graphics
Optimal
Latency
Use the values in the table below to choose an optimal graphics latency with a
frame rate at a given resolution. Unlike video, the frame rate for graphics is
measured in frames per minute (fpm). Based on the bandwidth, you can
determine whether you want a higher frame rate or picture resolution. The
maximum Q factor is 99.
Bandwidth
32 Kbps
64 Kbps
128 Kbps
256 Kbps
384 Kbps
512 Kbps
768 Kbps
Burst mode
Graphics
Optimal
Resolution
Latency
6 seconds
5 seconds
4 seconds
3 seconds
1.5 to 2 seconds
1.5 to 2 seconds
2.5 seconds
1.5 to 2 seconds
Q Factor (Resolution)
30
30
60
70
80
80
90
90
Use the values in the table below to choose the optimal graphics resolution
with an acceptable latency.
Bandwidth
32 Kbps
64 Kbps
128 Kbps
256 Kbps
384 Kbps
512 Kbps
768 Kbps
Burst Mode
NCast Corporation
Latency
13 seconds
6 to 8 seconds
6 seconds
5 seconds
4 seconds
3 seconds
2.5 seconds
1.5 seconds
Q Factor (Resolution)
50
70
80
90
90
90
90
90
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72
Appendix
Contents
This section covers the following topics:
Topic
Session Announcement Protocol (SAP)
FAQ
Troubleshooting
Glossary
See Page
74
75
78
79
Appendix
Session Announcement Protocol (SAP)
Background
The Telepresenter has a feature that uses a protocol known as Session
Announcement Protocol (SAP) to send announcements to potential receivers.
The SAP feature, when enabled on a particular channel, transmits
announcements so that other clients on a network can join a current session.
The SAP announcements contain information on sessions, lectures,
presentations, etc that are currently ongoing, or are scheduled for the future.
Composition
These messages contain a textual description of the content and its source,
and the detailed technical information regarding the transmission.
Telepresenters are able to both send and receive SAP announcements.
Usage
SAP announcements, when received by Telepresenters, are displayed on the
GUI screen known as the Program Schedule. The Program Schedule screen
will display the textual description of the corresponding SAP announcements
on the network as programs for each announcing Telepresenter. You can even
use the Program Schedule to browse between current programs and source
them directly to the receiving Telepresenter by pressing the Select button on
the remote control.
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Appendix
FAQ
Question
Why is the Telepresenter M2 not
displaying the new IP address that I
entered?
How can you obtain the MAC
Address of the Telepresenter?
Why is the Telepresenter M2 taking
too long to boot?
Is there any architecture for
tunneling application/gateway?
Answer
Reboot the Telepresenter M2 for any
changes to take effect (especially if
you typed an IP address on the Front
Panel).
Press the menu key on the Front
Panel of the Telepresenter M2, then
the Select Key on the Info. Icon.
There could be a timeout problem if
the DNS or gateway is not set up
correctly in the LAN. Check the IP
Configuration to verify gateway
settings. Plus, the Telepresenter M2
sets up its system clock with a time
server at Berkeley and a timeout can
occur due to no Internet connection.
Yes, because you can type a unicast
address in the multicast address field
of the Channel Characteristics page
and use a reflector tool for the
tunneling itself, such as RTP
Reflector.
Continued on next page
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Appendix
FAQ, Continued
Question
Where can I find SDR tools for preannouncing programs to the Program
Schedule?
I’m trying to use QuickTime/Real
One to view the video stream at the
desktop but it is not functioning
correctly.
How can I decrease the Quicktime
delay?
I’m at a desktop PC watching the
transmission, the coordinator passed
the floor, and I lost the video. How
can I restore it?
I’m trying to Telnet or FTP into the
Telepresenter M2 but I am unable to
do so.
Answer
www-mice.cs.ucl.ac.uk/multimedia/software
Select the appropriate desktop player
stream on the Unit Options page.
Check your version of QuickTime
for version 5.0 or higher. Ensure that
the stream is running at MPEG-1 (2.5
Mbps or MPEG-2 streams will not
work for QuickTime and RealOne.
Note: There is an MPEG-2 desktop
player available for QT for a small
fee.
You can shorten the buffer (not
recommended in a congested
network as video breaks will be more
apparent). Here are the steps:
1. Open the Quicktime player
program from the Start Menu.
2. Click Edit Æ Preferences Æ
Quicktime Preferences.
3. Select Instant On from the drop
down menu at the top of the
Preferences window.
4. Make sure Instant On is enabled,
and scroll the buffer down to
nothing.
Press Refresh on your browser.
Desktop players do not have the
capability to automatically handle
floor control.
Telnet and FTP are not available.
Continued on next page
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Appendix
FAQ, Continued
Question
I’ve tried changing the IP Address of
the Telepresenter M2 on the Front
Panel, but I cannot see it from a web
browser.
How do I disable Floor Control?
What type of MPEG rate can I use
with a T-1 connection?
NCast Corporation
Answer
Verify that the Gateway address is
correct on the IPConfig page using a
web browser on a desktop/laptop that
lies on the same subnet as the
Telepresenter.
Type 0.0.0.0 as the Conference
Address on the web administration
page and Click Update tab.
Use MPEG-1 and set the
transmission rate to 1.0 Mbps on the
Channel Characteristics page (video
settings) and 6 to 800 Kbps with
graphics installed. 1.5 Mbps leaves
no headroom on a T1; video and
audio breakup can occur as a result.
Administration Manual
77
Appendix
Troubleshooting
Background
NCast has thoroughly tested the Telepresenter M2 to ensure trouble-free
operation. If one of the recommended remedies does not solve the problem or
if the table below does not list the problem symptom, contact NCast
Customer Support at 408.541.9230 or email [email protected] for
further assistance.
Problems
The table below describes some common problems and necessary actions.
Problem
No power
No audio
Cause
Power cord is not
inserted properly
Incorrect audio cable
connection
Action
Plug in securely
Incorrect audio input
selection
No video on TV
Incorrect video cable
connection
Incorrect video input
selection
Remote control not
working
Video and audio is not
synchronized
No response from
commands or the
remote
NCast Corporation
You are too far from
the unit.
The tip of the remote is
not pointed in the right
direction.
The CPU is busy.
Low batteries
Network latency
Telepresenter system
failure
Check the connections.
See How to Install the
Telepresenter M2 on
page 18.
Check the audio input
settings. See About
Settings on page 62.
Check the connections.
See How to Install the
Telepresenter M2 on
page 18.
Check the video input
settings. See About
Settings on page 62.
Move closer to the unit
Point the infrared
signal toward the front
panel of the unit
Wait for the CPU.
Replace the batteries
Press the On Air
button twice
(coordinator’s unit).
Check the LCD time.
Reboot the system.
Administration Manual
78
Appendix
Glossary
Background
At NCast, our goal is to create products that are easy to use and understand.
Sometimes it is necessary to use words or phrases that may be unfamiliar.
Terms
The table below explains some of the product-specific and industry terms.
Term
Bandwidth
Channel
Coordinator / Originator
DVI
GSM
H.261
IP Address
LPC
MBONE
MPEG-1
MPEG-2
Participant
PCM
RTP
SAP
SDR
Definition
Width of a communications channel,
measured in bits per second.
Bandwidth is the capacity to move
information
A transmission path that allows data
flow between 2 or more endpoints
Group or person who creates the
session, transmission or conference;
also possesses floor control
Digital Audio Compression
Global System for Mobile
Communications
Videoconferencing standard for
video compression
Internet protocol address, written as
XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX, where X is any
number between 0-9, and each 3digit field has a value between 001256.
Linear Predictive Coding
IP Multicast Backbone
Compression scheme for full motion
video; a video standard 1.5Mbs
Less compressed than MPEG-1 but
has a higher Bit Rate from 3.5 to
10Mbs
Receiver of the transmission or
conference
Pulse Code Modulation
Real-time Transport Protocol
Session Announcement Protocol
Session Directory
Continued on next page
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Appendix
Glossary, Continued
Terms (continued)
Term
Session
Streaming Media
SSM
Transmission / Conference / Session
Transmit
UDP
Webcast
NCast Corporation
Definition
A conference, meeting or program
initiated by a Telepresenter with
another Telepresenter or desktop
user
Audio and Video data packets that
start playing on your screen when
invoked as opposed to today’s email
attachments or file downloads
Source Specific Multicast
A transmission, conference or
session is the state in which two or
more parties are involved in
exchanging data
To broadcast, send out over the
network
User Datagram Protocol
Real time delivery of audio, video or
animation over the Internet
Administration Manual
80
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