GBI - FMM WORKSHOP - Green Building Index

GBI - FMM WORKSHOP - Green Building Index
GBI - FMM WORKSHOP
Kuala Lumpur
4 Jan 2012
Ir Chen Thiam Leong
DL&F.ASHRAE, FIFireE, FIEM, P.Eng, C.Eng
HOW TO GREEN YOUR FACTORY?
1. How to green your new or existing factory?
2. GBI compliance – how hard (or easy) is it?
3. The benefits of going green – tax incentives
Intro
• The world’s first green building assessment tool
appeared in 1990.
• It endured a low profile for almost a decade until
a second rating tool came into being.
• At the dawn of the new millennium, the impact of
climate change finally hit home and from thereon
everyone began to jump onto the green wagon.
• This was quickly followed by the birth of the
World Green Building Council which now
comprises 80 member countries including
Malaysia.
• It is interesting to note that the initial 31
countries that adopted green buildings boast a
total of 46 green building rating tools.
• Why is there such a variety of green building
assessment schemes?
• Why can’t there be a single assessment scheme
for uniform benchmarking throughout the world?
• After all we have only one earth to sustain.
• This presentation will enlighten the audience on
this green built environment journey and what
the future beholds.
• The quest will begin at global level descending
onto our local arena.
C
Arctic is melting
+ 1°C
Coral Reefs dying
+ 2°C
Amazon rainforest drying out
+ 3°C
+ 4°C
Many coastal cities could be
flooded
Increase in climate refugees
+ 5°C
Global Wipe Out
+ 6°C
GLOBAL GREENING APPROACH
Intelligent Building
80’S
Grade 1 Office
Grade A Office
Grade A+ Office
EE Building
Green Building
Climate
Metric City
Carbon
Neutral
City
Sustainable Building
Green
ECO-City
High Performance Building
Green Building
New Millennia
Low Carbon
City
GLOBAL GREEN TOOLS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
BREEAM, UK – Building Research Establishment
Environmental Assessment Method (1990)
LEED, USA – Leadership in Energy and Environmental
Design (1996)
BEAM, Hong Kong – Building Environment Assessment
Method (2003)
EEWH, Taiwan – Green Building Evaluation System (2003)
Green Star, Australia/New Zealand (2003)
CASBEE, Japan – Comprehensive Assessment System for
Building Environmental Efficiency (2004)
Green Mark, Singapore (2005)
Green Building Index, Malaysia (2009)
Greenship, Indonesia (2010)
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Australia: Nabers / Green Star
Brazil: AQUA / LEED Brasil
Canada: LEED Canada / Green Globes
China: GBAS
Finland: PromisE
France: HQE
Germany: DGNB / CEPHEUS
Hong Kong: HKBEAM
India: GRIHA
Italy: Protocollo Itaca / Green Building Counsil Italia
Malaysia: GBI Malaysia
Mexico: LEED Mexico
Netherlands: BREEAM Netherlands
New Zealand: Green Star NZ
Philippines: BERDE / Philippine Green Building Council
Portugal: Lider A
Singapore: Green Mark
South Africa: Green Star SA
Spain: VERDE
Switzerland: Minergie
United States: LEED / Living Building Challenge / Green Globes /
Build it Green / NAHB NGBS
• United Kingdom: BREEAM
• United Arab Emirates: Estidama
BRIEF HISTORY & INTRO OF
GBI RATING TOOLS
Aug 2008
Sep - Nov
2008
PAM
Sustainability
Committee
formed with
BIPC backing
Nov 2007
PAM + ACEM
studies
BREEAM,
Green Mark,
Green Star
Devt of
rating tool
starts
Mid 2007
MGBS
MSBS
(changed
to MGBC)
2005 - 2006
A BRIEF HISTORY
Township
& RNC V2
INC & IEB
29 Mar 2011
7 Jun 2011
COMING SOON Mall, Hotels,
Healthcare
& Data Centres
NREB
26 Apr 2010
17 Apr 2009
NRNC
& RNC
MGBC
registered
With RoS
21 May 2009
GBI
launched
3 Jan 2009
A BRIEF HISTORY
GBI
MGBC
PAM - ACEM
Membership-based NGO
Owns the GBI rating tools
Promotes GBI rating tools
Registers and accreditates
buildings
Promotes issues on green
buildings
Recommends tax
certification to LAM
Publishes Green Pages
Malaysia
Conducts GBI Facilitator Training Courses jointly
Registers Facilitators
Runs CPD Courses
MGBC accorded status of
EMERGING MEMBER OF WGBC
The World GBC is an international non profit coalition
that represents the global building industry to drive
market based transformation towards a sustainable built
environment.
It encourages individual countries to form their own
Green Building Councils (GBC) around the world, and
recognizes only one GBC from each country.
WHY THE NEED TO GREEN FACTORIES?
 Factories consume over 40% of the final energy use in
Malaysia
 Factories consumes almost 50% of electricity production
which is equal to the combined consumption of commercial
and domestic sectors
HOW TO GREEN YOUR NEW & EXISTING FACTORY?
NEW FACTORY:
 The INC rating tool adopts the established 6 GBI criteria with
emphasis placed on Energy Efficiency and Indoor
Environmental Quality as these have the greatest impact on
energy use and well-being of occupants and workers of your
factory
 On-site energy capture and improvement in process energy use
are given prominence with provision of break out space to
reduce workers’ fatigue and cargo transportation proximity to
reduce pollution impacts being some of the bespoke needs
 The tool evaluates limited credits using prescriptive approach
and other credits on performance based approach
HOW TO GREEN YOUR NEW & EXISTING FACTORY?
EXISTING FACTORY:
 Existing factories constitute more than 90% of the factory stock
 The IEB rating tool evaluates the sustainable aspects of existing
factory building including their processes
 Additional credits are given to encourage higher Energy
Efficiency which is known to be still lacking priority, courtesy
of subsidised energy tariff
 The prominence and importance of IEQ is maintained to ensure
the well-being and productivity of the occupants and workers
 Credit points are also increased for Water Efficiency and
Innovation to encourage such improvements and modifications
 Facility Management is introduced for good sustainable
management practices in the use of chemicals, pesticides and
procurement policy
Green Building Index Compliance – How hard, or easy, is it?
A green building optimises energy efficiency, uses less water,
generates less waste, conserves natural resources and provides
healthier spaces for occupants, as compared to a conventional
building.
The Green Building Index (GBI) certification process calls for
dedication and coordination by project team members that
believe in the benefit of going green.
This session provides insider account and tips on how to
successfully attain the GBI accolade.
GBI CERTIFICATION PROCESS ETC.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
What is a Green Building?
Why Green Buildings?
What is the Green Building Index Rating tool?
Why adopt GBI as the Rating tool?
Understanding the Certification Process for GBI
The GBI IEB (Existing Factory) rating tool as an
example
Is it hard to achieve GBI certification?
Myth 1:
GBI is very DIFFICULT ?
Myth 2:
GBI is very EXPENSIVE ?
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
Rating Tools
Energy
Effy
IEQ
Sustainable
Site
Materials &
Resources
Water
Effy
Innovation
BREEAM 2008
19%
*13%
*37%
*17%
5%
*9%
LEED v2.2
25%
22%
20%
19%
7%
7%
Green Mark v3
62%
5%
9%
4%
Green Star v3
20%
19%
*33%
16%
8%
4%
GBI v1.0
35%
21%
16%
11%
10%
7%
LEED v3
35%
15%
26%
14%
10%
*10%
*20%
* Denotes adjusted or amalgamated figures
GBI Score
GBI IEB (Factory)
Part Criteria
EE
1
Item
Max
Points
MS
GBI
Certified
Energy Efficiency
EE1
Minimum EE Performance
2
2
2
EE2
Lighting Zoning
3
1
2
EE3
Electrical Sub-metering
2
2
2
EE4
RE & Onsite Energy Capture
8
0
0
EE5
Advanced or Improved Energy
Performance – BEI / EUI
10
0
0
EE6
Enhanced or Retro Commissioning
5
0
0
EE7
Post Occupancy Commissioning
2
1
1
EE8
EE Monitoring & Improvement
2
2
2
EE9
Sustainable Maintenance
4
4
4
38
12
13
EE total
EQ
2
Indoor Environmental Quality
EQ1
EQ2
EQ3
EQ4
EQ5
EQ6
EQ7
EQ8
EQ9
EQ10
EQ11
EQ12
EQ13
EQ14
EQ15
Minimum IAQ Performance
Environmental Tobacco Control
CO2 Monitoring & Control
Indoor Air Pollutants & Ind Chemicals
Mould Prevention
Thermal Comfort
Air Change Effectiveness
Breakout Space
Daylighting
Daylight Glare Control
Electric Lighting Levels
High Frequency Ballasts
External Views
Internal Noise Levels
IAQ Before & During Occupancy
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
0
1
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
2
1
1
1
0
1
2
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
EQ16
Post Occupancy Comfort Survey
1
1
1
22
10
15
EQ total
SM
SM1
SM2
SM3
3
SM4
Sustainable Site Planning & Management
GBI Rated Design & Construction
Building Exterior Management
Integrated Pest Management, Erosion
Control & Landscape Management
Green Vehicle Priority
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
SM5
Parking Capacity
1
1
1
SM6
SM7
Greenery & Roof
Building User Manual
SM total
4
1
10
0
1
3
2
1
8
MR
4
MR1
MR2
MR3
MR4
MR5
MR6
Materials & Resources
Materials reuse and selection
Recycled content materials
Sustainable Timber
Sustainable Purchasing Policy
Storage, Collection & Disposal of
Recyclables
Refrigerants & Clean Agents
MR total
WE
WE1
WE2
5
WE3
WE4
WE5
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
3
1
3
1
1
1
8
2
6
3
0
1
3
0
0
2
0
1
2
0
2
2
12
0
0
2
Water Efficiency
Rainwater Harvesting
Water Recycling
Water Efficient – Irrigation /
Landscaping
Water Reduction
Metering & Leak Detection System
WE total
6
IN
Innovation
IN1
Innovation in Design & Environmental Design
Initiatives
6
IN2
9
Recycling of Fire Testing Water
0
1
Condensate Water recovery
0
1
1
0
1
IN total
10
0
3
TOTAL
100
27
51
Green Building Index Facilitator
Myth 1:
GBI is very DIFFICULT ?
Myth 2:
GBI is very EXPENSIVE ?
• GBI Registration Fees
• GBI Facilitator Fees
• Green Construction Costs
GBI REGISTRATION FEES
What about other costs?
•
•
•
•
•
•
Budget Incentives
Local Authority Incentives
Utility Incentives?
Operational Savings
Higher Rentals
Assessment reduction?
BENEFITS OF GOING GREEN – TAX
INCENTIVES
2010 Budget GBI Incentives
Owners of buildings awarded the Green Building Index (GBI)
certificate be given tax exemption equivalent to 100% of the
additional capital expenditure incurred to obtain the GBI
certificate which can be set-off against 100% of the statutory
income for each year of assessment. The incentive is
applicable for new buildings and upgrading of existing
buildings. The incentive is given only for the first GBI
certificate issued in respect of the building.
Does green pay off (in USA)?
LEED
Certified
Silver
Gold
Platinum
23 - 27
28 - 33
34 - 44
45 - 61
Energy Savings
25 – 35%
35 – 50%
50 – 60%
> 60%
Annual Utility
Savings
US$0.40/ft2
US$0.60/ft2
US$0.80/ft2
US$1.00/ft2
Typ Payback
< 3 yrs
3 – 5 yrs
5 – 10 yrs
10+ yrs
LEED Points
Incremental Construction Cost
Small bldgs
3%
7%
10%
15%
Large bldgs
1%
3%
5%
8%
Source: Enermodal Engineering, Denver, USA
Green Cost Premium (Singapore)
Certified
Gold
Goldplus
Platinum
50 - 74
75 - 84
85 - 89
90 - 100
Cost Premium
0.3 - 1%
1 - 2%
1 - 3%
2 - 8%
Payback
Period
2 - 5 yrs
2 - 6 yrs
2 - 6 yrs
2 - 8 yrs
Green Mark
Points
Source: BCA Singapore 2008
Does green pay off (in Malaysia)?
- Non-Residential Buildings projected data by Ir TL Chen (not verified:2009)
Green
Building
Index Rating
Average
M’sian
Bldg
Meets
MS1525
GBI
Certified
GBI
Silver
GBI
Gold
GBI
Platinum
BEI
kWh/m2.year
250
200 - 220
150 - 180
120 - 150
100- 120
<100
Energy
Savings %
Base
10 - 20
30 - 40
40 -50
50 – 60
> 60
Incremental
construction
cost %
Base
1–3
(0 – 3)*
5–8
(1 – 5)*
8 – 12
(3 – 8)*
12 – 15
(5 – 10)*
>15
(6 – 13)*
* Denotes revised projection in 2011
POINTS
GBI RATING
INFERENCE
50 to 65
GBI CERTIFIED
Good Practice
66 to 75
GBI SILVER
Excellent Practice
76 to 85
GBI GOLD
National Excellence
86 +
GBI PLATINUM
Global Excellence
MGBC-GBI TRAINING
16 GBI Facilitators’ Courses conducted
Over 1,700 GBI Facilitators trained
493 registered GBI Facilitators listed on website
2 CxS Forums conducted
12 CxS listed on website
11 FAQ lists with 187 FAQs posted on website
On going bi-weekly Consultation sessions
GBI rating tools available to-date are NRNC, RNC,
NREB, GBIT, INC & IEB
Reference Design Guides for NRNC, RNC, NREB, INC &
IEB are available
GBI PROJECTS LISTING
NRNC RNC NREB
INC
T
Total
Registered
135
82
7
2
8
234
DA
approved
23
20
2
0
0
45
CVA
approved
2
1
0
0
0
3
As at 15 December 2011
Source : GBI
LOCAL GREENING PROJECTIONS
As of 15/12/11
• Total GFA of GBI rated buildings (DA & CVA)
= 1.58 million m2
• Total CO2 emission reduction (DA & CVA) based
on electricity energy reduction only
= 78,000 t/annum
THANK YOU
www.greenbuildingindex.org
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