ICA H & S Strain Gauge or Load Cell Embedded
Analogue Amplifiers
User Manual
mantracourt.com
ICA H & S Manual
Contents
Chapter 1 The ICA H & S Range ....................................................................................................... 2
Figure 1.1 Block Diagram ................................................................................................................ 2
Chapter 2 Installing the ICA H & S Range ........................................................................................... 3
Pre Installation ............................................................................................................................ 3
Figure 2.1 Dimensions ................................................................................................................... 3
ICA1H & ICA2H Connections ............................................................................................................ 4
Figure 2.2 Connection Details for the ICA1H & ICA2H.............................................................................. 4
Figure 2.3 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity ............................................................................. 4
ICA3H & ICA6H Connections ............................................................................................................ 5
Figure 2.4 Connection Details for the ICA3H......................................................................................... 5
Figure 2.5 Connection Details for the ICA6H......................................................................................... 5
Figure 2.6 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity ............................................................................. 5
ICA4H Connections ....................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 2.7 Connection Details for the ICA4H – Source mode ...................................................................... 6
Figure 2.8 Connection Details for the ICA4H – Sink mode ......................................................................... 6
Figure 2.9 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity ............................................................................. 6
ICA5S & ICA5A Connections ............................................................................................................. 7
Figure 2.10 Connection Details ICA5S & ICA5A ...................................................................................... 7
Figure 2.11 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity ............................................................................ 7
Output Connections ...................................................................................................................... 8
Output Shunt Resistance Formula ..................................................................................................... 8
Table 2.1 – The ICA H & S Cable Data ................................................................................................. 8
Chapter 3: Calculating the Gain Resistor Values .................................................................................. 9
ICA1H & ICA2H ............................................................................................................................ 9
Table 3.1 ICA1H (0.1 V to 10.1 V) Gain Resistor Formula ......................................................................... 9
Table 3.2 ICA2H (0.1V to 5.1V) Gain Resistor Formula............................................................................. 9
Table 3.3 ICA1H & ICA2H Offset Resistor Formula .................................................................................. 9
ICA3H & ICA6H ........................................................................................................................... 10
Table 3.4 ICA3H & ICA6H (±10 Volts) Gain Resistor Formula ..................................................................... 10
ICA4H ...................................................................................................................................... 10
Table 3.5 ICA4H .......................................................................................................................... 11
ICA5S & ICA5A ............................................................................................................................ 12
ICA5S & 5A Offset Resistor (R1) ....................................................................................................... 12
Chapter 4 Calibration .................................................................................................................. 13
Figure 4.1 Connection Details for Calibration ...................................................................................... 13
Chapter 5 Trouble Shooting .......................................................................................................... 14
Chapter 6 Product Care ............................................................................................................... 15
Chapter 7 Glossary ..................................................................................................................... 16
Chapter 8 Specifications for the ICAH Range ..................................................................................... 18
Table 8.1 ICA1H (0.1 to 10.1 V) ....................................................................................................... 18
Table 8.2 ICA2H (0.1 to 5.1 V) ........................................................................................................ 19
Table 8.3 ICA3H (±10 V) ................................................................................................................ 20
Table 8.4 ICA4H (4 to 20 mA) ......................................................................................................... 21
Table 8.5 ICA5S (2-wire 4-20 mA)..................................................................................................... 22
Table 8.6 ICA5A (2-wire 4-20 mA) .................................................................................................... 23
Table 8.7 ICA6H (±10 V) ................................................................................................................ 24
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Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Chapter 1 The ICA H & S Range
Figure 1.1 Block Diagram
The ICA is a Strain Gauge Amplifier, converting a strain gauge input to a Volt or mA output – otherwise known as a
Signal Conditioner.
The ICA provides a wide range of signal conditioning for Strain Gauges, Load Cells, Pressure and Torque Transducers.
Offered in 5 Very High Stability versions:
• ICA1H
3 wire - 0.1 to 10.1 V
• ICA2H
3 wire - 0.1 to 5.1 V
• ICA3H
4 wire - ± 10V / ±15 V supply
• ICA4H
3 wire - 4 to 20 mA
• ICA6H
3 wire – ±10 V / 15-24 V supply
Industrial Stability versions:
• ICA5 S & A 2 wire – 4 to 20mA
N.B. The ICA5 is designed for a 1000 Ohm bridge or higher, however 350 Ohms can be used but with reduced
performance (see Chapter 3 ‘ICA5S & ICA5A’)
Transducer SENSITIVITY of between 0.5 mV/V and greater than 10 mV/V are possible. As supplied they are
optimised to 2.5 mV/V. This range covers most, but not all strain gauges.
Sensitivity adjustment (SPAN) is achieved by a combination of gain (span) resistor ‘R’ change and associated fine
adjustment by potentiometer.
Similarly transducer ZERO can be compensated for in the module. This adjustment is to compensate for slight errors
in the strain gauge and not to offset tare.
The ICA6H
The ICA6H is a two-part module which combines an ICA3H with a DC-DC power module.
The power module generates both positive and negative supply rails for the ICA3H thereby enabling it to produce its
normal ±10 V output from a single 15-24 V supply.
The ICA6H also has pads on its underside which can be used to mount and provide connections for a range of
Transducer Electronic Data Sheet ICs (TEDS).
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
2
Chapter 2 Installing the ICA H & S Range
Pre Installation
See Specification details in Chapter 8 for details of Environmental Approvals.
Carefully remove the ICA unit from its shipment box. Check that the unit is complete and undamaged.
The ICA units can be operated in any industrial environment providing the following limits are not exceeded.
Operating Temperature
Humidity
Storage temperature
-40ºC to +85ºC
95% non condensing
-40ºC to +85ºC
The following installation practices are advised:
•
•
•
•
•
Minimise vibration
Do not mount next to strong electrical fields (transformers, power cables)
Ensure easy access to the module
Install electrical protection device as the unit is not internally fused – a short across the excitation terminals
could cause permanent damage
Always ensure the package is secure and protected
Figure 2.1 Dimensions
The module is designed to fit in the strain gauge pocket. Use the 2.1mm hole to secure the unit.
The mounting hole will accept an M2 screw or American equivalent #0-80.
Important Note: DO NOT USE #2 screw size.
Take care when soldering cables to the pads.
Use a temperature controlled soldering iron set to a maximum 330 ºC, for no longer than 2 seconds per pad.
Excessive heat or increased soldering time may result in damage to the PCB.
If changing the gain resistor ‘R’ do so at a workbench and not on site.
The ICAH solder pads are as shown in the wiring diagrams:
4 pads for the strain gauge.
Power supply and output pads
2 pads for sink or source option (ICA4H only)
The fixing screw hole provides a ground connection to improve EMC performance.
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Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
ICA1H & ICA2H Connections
The power supply for the ICA1H is nominally 24 V dc (between 13 and 28 V) and ICA2H is nominally 12 V dc (between
8.5 and 28 V).The power supply is commoned with the output at the ‘com’ connection.
Figure 2.2 Connection Details for the ICA1H & ICA2H
The strain gauge cable should be attached to the solder pads as illustrated
For most applications 3 wire un-shielded field wiring is quite adequate.
For best EMC performance use the connections shown in Figure 2.3
Figure 2.3 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity
Take note of the grounding arrangement particularly the bolt hole which capacitively couples the common of the
ICAH electronics to the strain elements in the load cell which improves the EMC performance.
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
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ICA3H & ICA6H Connections
The ICA3H requires a ±14V bipolar dc power supply within the limits of ±13 V to ±15 V.
The ICA6H requires a 15 to 24 V uni-polar dc power supply. Ideally this should be limited to +15 V to +18 V for 350
Ohm load cells to minimise the on-board temperature rise thereby reducing any warm-up time.
In both cases the power supply is commoned with the output at the ‘Com’ connection.
Figure 2.4 Connection Details for the ICA3H
The strain gauge cable should be attached to the solder pads as illustrated
For most applications 3 wire un-shielded connections for field wiring is quite adequate.
For best EMC performance use the connections shown in Figure 2.4
Figure 2.5 Connection Details for the ICA6H
The power supply connections for the ICA6H are located on the bottom PCB.
In the following connection diagrams the ‘-Supply’ connection can be ignored for the ICA6H.
Figure 2.6 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity
See Figure 2.3 for ICA6H power connections.
Take note of the grounding arrangement particularly the bolt hole which capacitively couples the common of the
ICA electronics to the strain elements in the load cell which improves the EMC performance.
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Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
ICA4H Connections
The power supply for the ICA4H is 24 V dc (within the limits of 13 V to 28 V).
Figure 2.7 Connection Details for the ICA4H – Source mode
Figure 2.8 Connection Details for the ICA4H – Sink mode
Figure 2.9 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity
Take note of the grounding arrangement particularly the bolt hole which capacitively couples the common of the
ICA electronics to the strain elements in the load cell which improves the EMC performance.
The ICA4H can be used with three wire cabling in both sink and source mode. The only difference between the two
modes is whether the common end of the load is connected to the positive of the PSU (sink mode) or the negative of
the PSU (source mode).
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
6
ICA5S & ICA5A Connections
The power supply for the ICA5S should be between 7.5 and 28 V
The minimum supply for the ICA5A version is 9 V
Please note that by design, the excitation voltage provided by a 2-wire load cell amplifier decreases as the load
cell's impedance decreases resulting in a reduction in the load cell's output. The lower signal level requires more
gain from the ICA5 to compensate leading to a degradation in performance with regard to temperature stability and
noise performance.
Impedances greater than 1000 Ohms and sensitivities of 1mV/V and higher are recommended.
Figure 2.10 Connection Details ICA5S & ICA5A
The strain gauge cable should be attached to the solder pads as illustrated.
N.B The voltage between either of the power supply connections and the load cell chassis should not exceed 50 V.
Any leakage will be greater than 10 M Ohms.
Figure 2.11 Connection Details for Best EMC Immunity
The securing bolt should be used to provide a good electrical ground and mechanical support. This is important for
optimum EMC performance.
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Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Output Connections
The ICA5 analogue output is 4 to 20 mA. The power and signal are combined in a single pair cable, simplifying
installation.
N.B. Neither connection to the output load is electrically common to the load cell.
The following formula gives the suitable range of shunt resistance for low supply voltage operation.
Output Shunt Resistance Formula
ICA5S: the shunt resistance must be less than:
((Vsupply -7.5) / 20 mA) – Rwiring
e.g. assuming 10 Ohms wiring resistance and 9 V supply:
Max shunt resistance = ((9 - 7.5) / 0.02) –10 = 65 Ohms
ICA5A: the shunt resistance must be less than:
((Vsupply -9) / 20 mA) – Rwiring
Table 2.1 – The ICA H & S Cable Data
This typical cable data is provided for information only.
The cable should have 2 x twin twisted cables. Ideally each pair should be individually shielded and with an overall
shield.
Country
UK
Supplier
Farnell
Part No
118-2117
UK
Farnell
585-646
UK
RS
749-2591
Description
Individually shielded twisted multi-pair cable (7/0.25mm)- 2 pair
Tinned copper drain. Individually shielded in polyester tape.
Diameter: 4.1mm
Capacitance/m: core to core 115 pF & core to shield 203 pF
Individually shielded twisted multi-pair cable (7/0.25mm)- 3 pair
Tinned copper drain. Individually shielded in polyester tape.
Diameter: 8.1mm
Capacitance/m: core to core 98 pF & core to shield 180 pF
Braided shielded twisted multi-pair cable (7/0.2mm)- 1 pair
Miniature- twin -round Diameter: 5.2 mm
Capacitance/m: core to core 230 pF & core to shield 80 pF
If possible segregate the signal cable from Power Cables; allow a 1metre (3 feet) distance from such cables.
Do not run signal cables in parallel with power cables and cross such cables at right angles.
The ground connection conductor should have sufficient cross-sectional area to ensure a low impedance path to
attenuate RF interference.
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
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Chapter 3 Calculating the Gain Resistor Values
ICA1H & ICA2H
The ICA1H and 2H are supplied un-calibrated but optimized for a sensitivity of 2.5mV/V. To accommodate other
sensitivities the gain resistor ‘Rgain’ shown in Figure 2.2, can be changed according to the following formula.
N.B. a high quality component e.g. 1% 10-15 ppm/°C metal film resistor should be used for optimum performance. It
may be necessary to use a value from the less common E96 series to optimise the trim range:-
Table 3.1 ICA1H (0.1 V to 10.1 V) Gain Resistor Formula
Gain
=
372
(required mV/V)
Rgain
=
40,000
(Gain-1)
Ohms
e.g. 1
For 2.5 mV/V
(Factory setting):-
Gain
= 149 x
R= 270 Ohms
(Use preferred value 270R)
e.g. 2
For 0.5 mV/V
Gain
= 744 x
R= 53.8 Ohms
(Use preferred value 53.6R - E96 series)
Table 3.2 ICA2H (0.1V to 5.1V) Gain Resistor Formula
Gain
=
186
(required mV/V)
Rgain
=
40,000
(Gain-1)
Ohms
e.g. 1
For 2.5 mV/V
(Factory setting):-
Gain
= 74.4 x
R= 545 Ohms
(Use preferred value 549R - E96 series)
e.g. 3
For 5.0 mV/V
Gain
= 37.2 x
R= 1105 Ohms
(Use preferred value 1K1)
Table 3.3 ICA1H & ICA2H Offset Resistor Formula
The ICA1H and 2H can be used in a pseudo ‘bipolar’ mode by fitting a resistor ‘Roffs’ as shown in Figure 2.2.
This will shift the output voltage to a known level (Voffs) when the input is zero (0mV/V) allowing both tension and
compression of the load cell to be measured.
Use the following formula for the ICA1H & ICA2H to calculate the value of Roffs in k Ohms:
Roffs
=
148 k
(Voffs – 0.1)
e.g. for 2.5V offset (bipolar ICA2)
Roffs
=
148 k
=
148 k
(2.5 – 0.1)
2.4
= 61.7 k Ohms (Use preferred value 61.9 k - E96 series)
e.g. for 5.0V offset (bipolar ICA1)
Roffs
=
148 k
=
148 k
(5.0 – 0.1)
4.9
= 30.2 k Ohms (Use preferred value 30 k)
The gain of the ICAH will need to be reduced to account for the lower output swing required for a given input
change.
For the ICA1H, re-calculate Rgain by scaling the load cell’s mV/V by the ratio 10 V/(bipolar output change) and 5
V/(bipolar output change) for the ICA2H and use the above formulae.
For example, an ICA2H is required to operate at 2.5 V ±2.4 V for a ± 2.5 mV/V input:
Fit Roffs = 61.7 k (as above) and re-calculate Rgain from Table 3.2 using (5 V/2.4 V) x 2.5m V/V = 5.208m V/V
9 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
i.e. Gain = 35.71 therefore Rgain = 1152 Ohms. The nearest preferred value is 1k15 (E96 series).
ICA3H & ICA6H
The ICA3H & ICA6H are ± 10 V Strain Gauge Amplifiers.
They are supplied un-calibrated but optimized for a sensitivity of 2.5 mV/V. To accommodate other sensitivities the
gain resistor ‘R’ as shown in Figure 2.2, can be changed according to the following formula.
N.B. a high quality component e.g. 1% 15-25 ppm/°C metal film resistor should be used for optimum performance. It
may be necessary to use an E96 value to optimise the trim range:-
Table 3.4 ICA3H & ICA6H (±10 Volts) Gain Resistor Formula
Gain
=
372
(required mV/V)
R
=
40,000
(Gain-1)
Ohms
e.g. 1
For 2.5 mV/V
(Factory setting):-
Gain
= 149 x
R= 270 Ohms
(Use preferred value 270 R)
e.g. 2
For 0.5 mV/V
Gain
= 744 x
R= 53.8 Ohms
(Use preferred value 53.6 R E96)
e.g. 3
For 5.0 mV/V
Gain
= 74.4 x
R= 545 Ohms
(Use preferred value 549 R E96)
N.B If an output other than ± 10 V is required e.g. ±5V then reduce the gain calculation in proportion i.e. for ±5
Volt
Gain
e.g.1
=
372
(required mV/V)
For 2.5 mV/V
(Factory setting):-
x
5
10
Gain =
R =
74.4 x
40,000
(Gain-1)
R = 545 Ohms
Ohms
(Use preferred value 549R E96)
ICA4H
The ICA4H In-Cell strain gauge amplifier is supplied un-calibrated but optimised for a sensitivity of 2.5 mV/V. To
accommodate other sensitivities the gain resistor ‘R’ must be fitted (see Figure 2.2). The value of R is calculated
using the formulae below.
N.B. a high quality component e.g. 1% 25 ppm metal film resistor should be used for optimum performance use 1015 ppm metal film devices to maintain their temperature drift performance. It may be necessary to use an E96
value to optimise the trim range.
Use the appropriate formula below depending on whether the ICA4H needs to be adjusted for a higher or lower
mV/V sensitivity.
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
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N.B. The ICA4H gain resistor comprises two surface mount gain resistors instead of the leaded type (see diagram).
To configure the amplifier to suit a load cell higher than 2.5mV/V these must be removed and formula 3.2 used to
calculate the value of ‘R’.
Use formula 3.1 to suit load cells less than 2.5mV/V.
Table 3.5 ICA4H
Formula 3.1: To set the mV/V figure LOWER than 2.5
(increase the gain)
To match a LOWER mV/V setting, use the following formulae:

160

Gain = 
 required mV / V





 63,200 
 Ohms
Rx = 
 (Gain − 1) 


1
 Ohms
R = 
(
(
)
)
1
Rx
−
0
.
001


e.g. for 2.0mV/V Gain = 80 R = 4000 Ohms (use preferred value 3 k9 or 4k02 (E96))
Formula 3.2 To set the mV/V figure HIGHER than 2.5
(decrease the gain)
If the gain of the ICA4H needs to be reduced i.e. to match a HIGHER mV/V setting then the two surface mount gain
resistors shown above must be removed and the following formulae used to calculate the new value for the gain
resistor:

160

Gain = 
 required mV / V





 63,200 
 Ohms
R = 
 (Gain − 1) 
e.g. for 5.0mV/V Gain = 32 R = 2039 Ohms (use preferred value 2 k or 2k05 (E96))
The new gain resistor should be fitted in position ‘R’ as shown in Figure 2.2
11 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
ICA5S & ICA5A
The ICA5S & ICA5A (2-wire 4 - 20 mA) In-Cell strain gauge amplifiers are supplied un-calibrated but optimized for a
sensitivity of 2.5 mV/V. To accommodate other sensitivities the gain resistor ‘R2’ as shown in Figure 2.10, can be
changed according to the following formulae. Load cells with less than 1mV/V sensitivity are not recommended.
N.B. a high quality, <50 ppm/°C 1% metal film resistor should be used for optimum performance. It may be
necessary to use an E96 value to optimise the trim range.
Table 3.6 ICA5S & ICA5A (±10 Volts) Gain Resistor Formula


613.6
  (Z + 20000 ) 
R2 =  
×
 − 10  k Ohms
mV
/
V
×
Vexc
20000
 



Where mV / V is the sensitivity of the load cell (in mV/V), Vexc is the excitation voltage (in Volts) and Z is the load
cell impedance (in Ohms).
e.g. For a 2.5 mV/V 1000 Ohm load cell : R2 = 228.6 k Ohms – use 220 k (nearest E24 preferred value) or 229 k
(nearest E192 preferred value)
The following table gives calculated values of Vexc for various standard load cell impedances:
Load Cell Impedance
350
700
1000
1400
2000
5000
Excitation voltage (V exc)
0.53
0.87
1.08
1.29
1.51
1.97
Use the following formulae to calculate the excitation voltage for cell impedances not given in the table:


1
 Ohms
Rx = 
 (1 / Rcell ) + 4.762 ×10 exp− 6 
 2.5 × Rx  Volts
Vexc = 

 Rx + 1300 
e.g. for a 500 Ohm load cell:
Rx = 498.8 Ohms
Excitation Voltage, Vexc = 0.693 V
ICA5S & 5A Offset Resistor (R1)
The value of R1 can be changed to offset the zero point if it is outside the normal trimming range (±2% FS).
Its value will also depend on the impedance of the load cell. The factory-fitted value, 180k is optimised for a 1000
Ohm cell.
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
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Chapter 4 Calibration
The ICA amplifiers can be calibrated with the transducer connected provided that two calibration points can be
implemented e.g. by applying known weights or forces. If this is not possible, a stable mV source or load cell
simulator can be used if the precise sensitivity (mV/V) of the transducer is known.
Figure 4.1 Connection Details for Calibration
1. Apply the known low calibration conditions (weight, force or mV/V). This may be zero if required, and using
the ‘Z’ potentiometer, set the output to the relevant low level depending on the model e.g. 0.1 V for the
ICA1H, 4mA for the ICA4H etc.
2. Apply the known high calibration conditions (ideally between 75% and full scale) and adjust the ‘S’
potentiometer to set the output to the relevant high level depending on the model e.g. 5.1 V for the ICA2H
at full scale, 20 mA for the ICA4H etc.
3. Apply the known low calibration conditions and re-adjust the Zero if required
13 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Chapter 5 Trouble Shooting
1.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
No Output
Check power supply is present and the correct polarity
Check the output connections are correct with no open circuit connections
Check terminations (ensure there are no dry joints)
Check the sensor is connected (typically reading 350 Ohm across output + & -) with the power off
Check the Excitation voltage is correct
Check the load is connected and is not open or short circuited
Check Span and Gain calibration
2. Low Output
This is when an output is present but not of sufficient magnitude to meet the required value. Remember to allow for
Tare Weight and ensure it is measured and allowed for in the output from the ICA.
a) Check power supply is within specified limits (i.e. is not low)
b) Check the sensor is connected (typically reading 350 Ohm across output + & -) with the power off
c) Check the Excitation voltage is at 5 V dc for the ICA1-4H & ICA6H (see Table 3.6 for ICA5S & ICA5A)
d) Check the calibration
e) Check the Zero (offset) is correct for the sensor, this too is a common reason for low outputs
3. High Output
This is when an output is present but higher (in span or zero) than expected.
High output is not normally a problem. It is most likely to be incorrect connections and as such the output would be
high and fixed
a) Check the sensor is connected (typically reading 350 Ohm across output + & -) with the power off
b) Check the Excitation voltage is at 5V dc for the ICA1-4H and 6H (see Table 3.6 for ICA5S & ICA5A)
c) Check the Zero (offset)
d) Check the calibration
4. Unstable Output
This is when the output is unstable or varies. The cause could be (a) poor installation or (b) a noisy environment.
Poor Installation -This is when an output is present but higher or lower (in span or zero) than expected:
a) Check the installation for problems and repair where necessary
b) Poor termination
c) High resistance on cable leads
d) Low insulation impedance
e) Proximity to High Voltage Equipment – Transformers, Contactors, Motors etc.
Noisy Environment a) Check if the source can be found and remove noise
b) Check the cable shielding and ensure it is correctly installed and terminated
5. Calibration
This section assumes that the unit is providing an output that is not stuck at top or bottom of the scale.
(See paragraphs 1-3 if this is the case)
Ensure you are connected to the correct sensor and not to another adjacent unit.
Ensure you have the correct calibration data from the sensor manufacturer. This must include a certified table with
offset, zero and linearity.
Ensure you have the calibration set-up correctly installed i.e. mV source and output as required.
Ensure the temperature and other environmental parameters are within specification and where necessary taken
into account when calibrating should such parameters have an effect on the calibration.
6. Fine Span (Gain) and Zero (Offset) Adjustment Problems
If the adjustment cannot reach the maximum output desired then, check the tare is not too high.
If the potentiometer does not alter the output the unit must be repaired – remove from service.
It is always wise to check a known good ICA against the problem installation before rejecting the suspect ICA.
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
14
Chapter 6 Product Care
A worn out component, excessive use in harsh environments, an overly zealous operator; regrettably some
circumstances necessitate repair.
At Mantracourt Electronics Ltd we can't guarantee that a product will never require repairing. We can, however,
promise a repair service of exceptional quality, one which is governed by a rigorous procedure.
Detailed below is our pledge to you: a defined set of ground rules and procedures to which we will adhere. All we
ask in return is that you assist us with our procedure, such that we can maintain our promise to you. Please note
that warranty repairs may not be available on overdue accounts, and that a strict interpretation of our conditions of
trading invalidates warranty claims where late payment has occurred.
Please refer to the RMA Form – (Return Material Authorization), contact your distributor for a copy.
In the unlikely event you have problems with the ICA module we would advise that you take the following
precautions:•
•
•
•
•
The unit is installed as instructed
Recommended spares are kept in stock. We can assist
Sufficient expertise available for first line maintenance
Routine maintenance checks are performed – annually is recommended
The necessary documentation for the product is available to the maintenance personnel
We recommend you keep on file – as a minimum
• This Manual
• The calibration figures for the attached sensors
• A record of the ‘normal’ output – if applicable
• A calibration record of the ICA
• A contact phone number from the supplier for assistance
15 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Chapter 7 Glossary
AWG
Background Noise
Bipolar
Bridge Resistance
Calibration
CMR
(Common-Mode
Rejection)
Common Mode
Rejection Ratio
Drift
Excitation
Fine Adjustment
Full Bridge
Full Range Output
Gain
Ground
Linearity
Load
Load Impedance
Load Cell
Millivolt
Noise
Null
Offset
Potentiometer
Pressure
Transducer
Proportional
Outputs
Resolution
American Wire Gauge
The total noise floor from all sources of interference in a measurement system,
independent of the presence of a data signal. (See Noise)
The ability of a signal conditioner to display both positive and negative
readings
The resistance measured across the excitation terminals of a Strain Gauge.
Adjustment of an instrument or compiling a deviation chart so that it’s reading
can be correlated to the actual value being measured
The ability of an instrument to eliminate the effect of AC or DC noise between
signal and ground. Normally expressed in dB at DC to 60 Hz. One type of CMR is
specified between SIG LO and PWR GND. In differential meters, a second type
of CMR is specified between SIG LO and ANA GND (METER GND)
The ability of an instrument to reject interference from a common voltage at
its input terminals with relation to ground. Usually expressed in db (decibels).
Change of a reading/set point value over periods due to several factors
including change in ambient temperature, time and line voltage
The external application of electrical voltage current applied to a transducer
for normal operation
Zero and Span calibration have a Fine Adjustment to give accuracy to the
calibration. These are potentiometers P1 and P2 for Span and Zero respectively
A Wheatstone Bridge configuration utilizing four active elements or Strain
Gauges
The algebraic difference between the minimum output and maximum output.
Gain is otherwise identified as SPAN. It relates to the proportional output to
the sensor input. Calibration of the ICA is determined by setting the Gain
(Span) and Offset (Zero). The amount of amplification used in an electrical
circuit
The electrical neutral line having the same potential as the surrounding ground
The closeness of a calibration curve to a specified straight line. Linearity is
expressed as the maximum deviation of any calibration point on a specified
straight line during any one calibration cycle
The electrical demand of a process expressed as power (watts), current (amps)
or resistance (ohms)
The impedance presented to the output terminals of a transducer by the
associated external circuitry
The load cell is one of a series of STRAIN GAUGE sensors that the ICA input is
designed to accept. (Torque Sensor, Pressure & temperature transducers)
One thousandth of a volt, 10-3 volts symbol mV
An unwanted electrical interference on the signal wires
A condition, such as balance, which results in a minimum absolute value of
output
Offset is otherwise identified as ZERO. Calibration of the ICA is determined by
setting the Offset (Zero) and Gain (Span)
Two potentiometers (variable resistors) are used in the ICA1 & 2 for fine
calibration
The Pressure Transducer is one of a series of Strain Gauge sensors that the ICA
input is designed to accept. (Torque Sensor, Load Cell and Temperature
Transducers)
The Voltage or Current outputs are calibrated to be directly proportional to the
input from the sensor. The output is, within the sensor limits, taken as linear
and no linearity compensation is required within the ICA
The input corresponding to a one-unit change in the least significant digit of
the data acquisition/display equipment (Good resolution is not necessarily
equal to good accuracy.)
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
16
Sensing Element
Sensitivity
Signal Conditioner
Single Card
Assembly
Span
Span Adjustment
Stability
Strain Gauge
Strain Gauge
Amplifier
Torque Transducer
Wheatstone Bridge
Zero
Zero Adjustment
Zero Offset
Zero Suppression
That part of the Transducer, which reacts directly in response to the input
This is the relationship between the change in Strain Gauge input to the level
or magnitude of the output
A circuit module that offsets attenuates, amplifies linearizes and/or filters the
signal. The ICA is essentially a Signal Conditioner –more specifically known as a
Strain Gauge Amplifier - in that it CONDITIONS (alters) the input signal from a
load cell to an electrical output
The ICA has only the one Printed Circuit Board assembly on which all the
components are mounted. The assembly is then mounted inside an
environmentally rugged enclosure
Span is otherwise identified as GAIN. It relates to the proportional output to
the sensor input. Calibration of the ICA is determined by setting the Span
(Gain) and Zero (Offset.
The ability to adjust the gain of a process or strain meter so that a specified
display span in engineering units corresponds to a specified signal span.
The quality of an instrument or sensor to maintain a consistent output when a
constant input is applied
The Strain Gauge is a resistance bridge device where the bridge value alters
linearly and proportionally to the force exerted on it – be it pressure, torque or
load. The ICA is designed to convert this change in the of the Strain Gauge to a
proportional electrical signal
The ICA is essentially a type of Signal Conditioner that it conditions (alters) the
input signal from a strain gauge to an electrical output
The Torque Transducer is one of a series of Strain Gauge sensors that the ICA
input is designed to accept
A network of four resistance’s, an emf source, and a galvanometer connected
such that when the four resistance’s are matched, the galvanometer will show
a zero deflection or "null" reading
Zero is otherwise identified as OFFSET. It relates to the proportional output to
the sensor input. Calibration of the ICA is determined by setting the Span
(Gain) and Zero (Offset)
The ability to adjust the display of a process or strain meter so that zero on
the display corresponds to a non-zero signal
The difference between true Zero and an indication given by a measuring
instrument. See Zero Suppression
The Span is Offset from Zero (Zero Suppressed) such that neither limit of the
Span will be Zero. For example, an instrument which measures a load of a
100kg Span from 400kg to 500kg is said to have 400kg Zero Suppression
Units
AC
DC
Hz
kHz
mA
mm
SC
ICA
V
mV
Alternating Current
Direct Current
Hertz (Frequency)
kilohertz (Frequency)
milliamps
millimetres
Signal Conditioner
Strain Gauge Amplifier
Volts
millivolt
17 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Chapter 8 Specifications for the ICAH Range
Table 8.1 ICA1H (0.1 to 10.1 V)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Current
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
13
-40
-40
-30
Typical
24
8
-
Maximum
30
85
85
-
Units
Volts
mA
Deg C
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Note 1
Note 1: Not including excitation current.
e.g. when connected to a 350 Ohm load cell, excitation current = 5/350 = 14 mA
Total current = 22mA
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Minimum
4.90
350
0.5
5000
DC
-
Typical
5
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
5.10
5000
150
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
-
0.0004
0.002
0.0015
0.0051
±%FR/Deg C
±%FR/Deg C
Notes
Note 1
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
FR=Full Range (10 V)
Note 1: Set by calibration resistor
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
18
Table 8.2 ICA2H (0.1 to 5.1 V)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Current
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
8.5
-40
-40
-30
Typical
12
8
-
Maximum
28
85
85
-
Units
Volts
mA
Deg C
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Note 1
Note 1: Not including excitation current.
e.g. when connected to a 350 Ohm load cell, excitation current = 5/350 = 14 mA
Total current = 22 mA
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Minimum
4.90
350
0.5
5000
DC
-
Typical
5
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
5.10
5000
150
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
-
0.0004
0.002
0.0015
0.0051
±%FR/Deg C
±%FR/Deg C
FR=Full Range (5 V)
Note 1: Set by calibration resistor
19 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Notes
Note 1
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
Table 8.3 ICA3H (±10 V)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Current
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
±13
-40
-40
-30
Typical
±14
8
-
Maximum
±15
85
85
-
Units
Volts
mA
Deg C
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Note 1
Note 1: Not including excitation current.
e.g. when connected to a 350 Ohm load cell, excitation current = 5/350 = 14 mA
Total current = 22 mA
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Minimum
4.90
350
0.5
5000
DC
-
Typical
5
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
5.10
5000
150
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
-
0.0004
0.002
0.0015
0.0051
±%FR/Deg C
±%FR/Deg C
Notes
Note 1
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
FR=Full Range (10 V)
Note 1: Set by calibration resistor
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
20
Table 8.4 ICA4H (4 to 20 mA)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Current
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
13
-40
-40
-30
Typical
24
8
-
Maximum
30
85
85
-
Units
Volts
mA
Deg C
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Note 1
Note 1: Not including excitation current and output current.
e.g. when connected to a 350 Ohm load cell:Total current = Operating current (8 mA) + Excitation current (5/350 = 14 mA) + Output current (20 mA
FS) = 42 mA FS (typical).
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Minimum
4.90
350
0.5
DC
-
Typical
5
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
5.10
5000
150
1000
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
-
0.0004
0.002
0.0015
0.0051
+/-%FR/Deg C
+/-%FR/Deg C
FR=Full Range (16 mA)
Note 1: Set by calibration resistor
Note 2: 24 V minimum supply/sink mode.
21 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Notes
Note 1
Note 2
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
Table 8.5 ICA5S (2-wire 4-20 mA)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
7.5
-40
-40
-30
Typical
24
-
Maximum
30
85
85
-
Units
Volts
Deg C
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Minimum
1.05
350
0.5
DC
-
Typical
1.11
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
1.16
5000
55
800
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
Notes
Note 1
-
0.001
0.007
0.005
0.014
+/-%FR/Deg C
+/-%FR/Deg C
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Note 2
Note 3
Note 4
FR=Full Range (16 mA)
Note 1: 1000 Ohm load cell – Typically 0.53 V for 350 Ohm cell
Note 2: Set by calibration resistor. Load cells with less than 1mV/V sensitivity are not recommended – drift and
noise performance will suffer.
Note 3: 24 V supply minimum.
Note 4: 1000 Ohms load cell – change R1 to suit other load cell impedances.
Note: Recommended bridge impedance is 1,000 Ohms
Note: The voltage between either of the power supply connections and the load cell shield should not exceed 50 V.
Any leakage will be greater than 10 M Ohms.
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
22
Table 8.6 ICA5A (2-wire 4-20 mA)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
9.0
-40
-40
-30
Typical
24
-
Maximum
30
85
85
-
Units
Volts
Deg C
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Minimum
1.05
350
0.5
DC
-
Typical
1.11
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
1.16
5000
55
700
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
Notes
Note 1
-
0.001
0.007
0.005
0.014
+/-%FR/Deg C
+/-%FR/Deg C
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
Note 2
Note 3
Note 4
FR=Full Range (16 mA)
Note 1: 1000 Ohm load cell – Typically 0.53 V for 350 Ohm cell
Note 2: Set by calibration resistor
Note 3: 24 V supply minimum
Note 4: 1000 Ohms load cell – change R1 to suit other load cell impedances (see Chapter 3)
Note: Recommended bridge impedance is 1,000 Ohms
Note: The voltage between either of the power supply connections and the load cell shield should not exceed 50 V.
Any leakage will be greater than 10 M Ohms.
23 Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
Table 8.7 ICA6H (±10 V)
Electrical and Environmental
Parameter
Supply voltage Range
Operating Current
Operating Temperature
Range
Storage Temperature Range
Reverse polarity Protection
Minimum
+14
-
Typical
+15
8
Maximum
+27
-
Units
Volts
mA
-40
-
85
Deg C
-40
-30
-
85
-
Deg C
Volts
Notes
Note 1
Note 2
Note 1: Ideally this should be limited to +15 V to +18 V for 350 Ohm load cells to minimise the on-board
temperature rise thereby reducing any warm-up time.
Note 2: Not including excitation current.
e.g. when connected to a 350 Ohm load cell, excitation current = 5/350 = 14 mA
Total current = 22 mA
Measurement
Parameter
Bridge Excitation
Bridge Impedance
Bridge Sensitivity
Output load
Bandwidth
‘Zero’ adjustment
‘Span’ adjustment
Linearity
Temperature stability
‘Zero’ Temperature Stability
‘Span’ Temperature Stability
Minimum
4.90
350
0.5
5000
DC
-
Typical
5
1000
2.5
±2
±8
0.02
Maximum
5.10
5000
150
1000
-
Units
Volts
Ohms
mV/V
Ohms
Hz
%FR
%FR
%FR
-
0.0004
0.002
0.0015
0.0051
±%FR/Deg C
±%FR/Deg C
Notes
Note 1
At 2.5 mV/V
At 2.5 mV/V
FR=Full Range (10 V)
Note 1: Set by calibration resistor
CE Approvals
European EMC Directive
2004/108/EC
BS EN 61326-1:2006
BS EN 61326-2-3:2006
In the interests of continued product development, Mantracourt Electronics Limited reserves the right to alter product specifications
without prior notice.
Doc No. 517-936
Issue1.0
Mantracourt Electronics Limited DRAFT ICAH & S User Manual
22.04.14
24
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