VetVisor Easy User Manual - Eickemeyer Veterinary Equipment

Veterinary Portable Multi-parameter
Patient Monitor
Operation Manual
Content
Chapter 1
Introduction........................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1 General Information .................................................................................................. 1-3
1.2 Screen Display .......................................................................................................... 1-4
1.3 Button Functions and Basic Operation ..................................................................... 1-8
1.4 Interfaces ................................................................................................................ 1-11
1.5 Built-in Battery(optional).......................................................................................... 1-13
Chapter 2
Getting Started ................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1 Open the Package and Check .................................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Connect AC power cord............................................................................................ 2-1
2.3 Power on the Monitor................................................................................................ 2-2
2.4 Connect Patient Sensors/Probe................................................................................ 2-2
2.5 Check the Recorder .................................................................................................. 2-2
Chapter 3
System Menu ................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1 Patient Information Setup.......................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Default Setup............................................................................................................. 3-3
3.3 Review....................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.4 System Setup ............................................................................................................ 3-5
3.5 Selection Setup ....................................................................................................... 3-12
3.6 Monitor Version ....................................................................................................... 3-13
3.7 Drug Calculation...................................................................................................... 3-13
3.8 DEMO Function....................................................................................................... 3-14
3.9 Maintenance ............................................................................................................ 3-14
Chapter 4
Alarm................................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1 Alarm Modes ............................................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Alarm testing during power-on .................................................................................. 4-4
4.3 Alarm types ............................................................................................................... 4-5
4.4 SILENCE/CLOSE/PAUSE ........................................................................................ 4-5
4.5 Parameter Alarm ....................................................................................................... 4-6
4.6 When an Alarm Occurs ............................................................................................. 4-7
Chapter 5
Freeze ............................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Enter/Exit Freeze Status ........................................................................................... 5-1
5.3 Frozen Menu ............................................................................................................. 5-2
5.4 Recording Frozen Waveform .................................................................................... 5-2
Chapter 6
Recording(optional) ........................................................................................... 6-1
6.1 General Recording Information................................................................................. 6-1
6.2 Recording Type ......................................................................................................... 6-1
6.3 Start Recording ........................................................................................................ 6-4
6.4 Recorder Operations and Status Information ........................................................... 6-6
Chapter 7
Trend and Event ................................................................................................ 7-1
1
Content
7.1 Trend Graph .............................................................................................................. 7-1
7.2 Trend Table................................................................................................................ 7-3
7.3 NIBP Recall ............................................................................................................... 7-5
7.4 Alarm Event Recall .................................................................................................... 7-6
Chapter 8
Drug Calculation and Titration Table................................................................ 8-1
8.1 Drug Calculation........................................................................................................ 8-1
8.2 Titration Table ............................................................................................................ 8-3
Chapter 9
Patient Safety................................................................................................... 9-1
Chapter 10
Maintenance / Cleaning ................................................................................. 10-1
10.1 System Check ....................................................................................................... 10-1
10.2 General Cleaning .................................................................................................. 10-1
10.3 Cleaning Agents .................................................................................................... 10-2
10.4 Sterilization............................................................................................................ 10-3
10.5 Disinfection............................................................................................................ 10-3
Chapter 11
ECG/RESP Monitoring ................................................................................ 11-1
11.1 What Is ECG Monitoring ....................................................................................... 11-1
11.2 Precautions during ECG Monitoring...................................................................... 11-1
11.3 Monitoring Procedure ............................................................................................ 11-2
11.4 ECG Screen Hot Keys........................................................................................... 11-5
11.5 ECG Menu............................................................................................................. 11-6
11.6 ECG Alarm Information and Prompt.................................................................... 11-10
11.7 ST Segment Monitoring (optional) .......................................................................11-11
11.8 Arr. Monitoring (optional) ..................................................................................... 11-15
11.9 Measuring RESP................................................................................................. 11-21
11.10 Maintenance and Cleaning ............................................................................... 11-24
Chapter 12
SpO2 Monitoring ............................................................................................ 12-1
12.1 What is SpO2 Monitoring....................................................................................... 12-1
12.2 Precautions during SpO2/Pulse Monitoring........................................................... 12-2
12.3 Monitoring Procedure............................................................................................ 12-3
12.4 Limitations for Measurement................................................................................. 12-4
12.5 SpO2 Menu............................................................................................................ 12-5
12.6 Alarm Description and Prompt .............................................................................. 12-6
12.7 Maintenance and Cleaning ................................................................................... 12-8
Chapter 13
NIBP Monitoring............................................................................................. 13-1
13.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................... 13-1
13.2 NIBP Monitoring .................................................................................................... 13-1
13.3 NIBP SETUP menu............................................................................................... 13-6
13.4 NIBP Alarm Message .......................................................................................... 13-11
13.5 Maintenance and Cleaning ................................................................................. 13-13
Chapter 14
TEMP Monitoring ........................................................................................... 14-1
14.1 TEMP Monitoring .................................................................................................. 14-1
14.2 TEMP SETUP Menu ............................................................................................. 14-2
14.3 TEMP Alarm message .......................................................................................... 14-2
14.4 Maintenance and Cleaning ................................................................................... 14-3
2
Content
Chapter15
Accessories.................................................................................................... 15-1
15.1 ECG Accessories .................................................................................................. 15-1
15.2 SpO2 Accessories ................................................................................................. 15-2
15.3 NIBP Accessories.................................................................................................. 15-2
15.4 TEMP Accessories ................................................................................................ 15-3
Appendix A CE Marking .......................................................................................................A-1
Appendix B
Product Specification ........................................................................................B-1
Appendix C EMC Declaration ..............................................................................................C-1
Appendix D System Alarm Prompt.......................................................................................D-1
3
Content
FOR YOUR NOTES
4
Chapter 1 Introduction
„
For an overall introduction to the monitor, please refer to General Information.
„
For various messages displayed on the screen, please refer to Screen Display.
„
For basic operations, please refer to Button Function and Basic Operation.
„
For allocation of interface sockets, please refer to Interfaces.
„
For precautions to be noted when the monitor is powered by built-in battery, please refer
to Built-in Battery.
„
For safety precautions of the monitor, please refer to Patient Safety.
Warning
The Monitor is intended for clinical monitoring application with operation only granted
to appropriate medical staff. This monitor is not intended for treatment purpose.
Note
This equipment is not intended for family usage.
Warning
For continued safe use of this equipment, it is necessary that the listed instructions
are followed. However, instructions listed in this manual in no way supersede
established medical practices concerning patient care.
Do not rely only on audible alarm system to monitor patient. When monitoring
adjusting the volume to very low or completely muting the sound may result in the
disaster to the patient. The most reliable way of monitoring the patient is at the same
time of using monitoring equipment correctly, manual monitoring should be carried
out.
Use of this device may affect ultrasonic imaging system in the presence of the
interfering signal on the screen of ultrasonic imaging system. Keep the distance
between the monitor and the ultrasonic imaging system as far as possible.
It is dangerous to expose electrical contact or applicant coupler to normal saline, other
liquid or conductive adhesive. Electrical contact and coupler such as cable connector,
power supply and parameter module socket-inlet and frame must be kept clean and dry.
Once being polluted by liquid, they must be thoroughly dried. If to further remove the
pollution, please contact your biomedical department or Mindray.
1-1
Introduction
Warning
There could be hazard of electrical shock by opening the monitor casing. All servicing
and future upgrading to this equipment must be carried out by personnel trained and
authorized by Mindray.
Warning
Possible explosion hazard if used in the presence of flammable anesthetics.
Warning
You must verify if the device and accessories can function safely and normally before
use.
Warning
You must customize the alarm setups according to individual patient situation and
make sure that alarm sound can be activated when alarm occurs.
Warning
Do not use cellular phone in the vicinity of this device. High level electromagnetic
radiation emitted from such devices may greatly affect the monitor performance.
Warning
Do not touch the patient, table, or the device during defibrillation.
Warning
Devices connected to the monitor shall form an equipotential system (protectively
earthed).
Warning
When used with Electro-surgery equipment, you (doctor or nurse) must give top
priority to the patient safety.
Warning
Dispose of the packaging material, observing the applicable waste control regulations
and keeping it out of children’s reach.
Warning
This equipment is accord with the standard CISPR11(EN55011) class A.
Note
The software was developed per IEC601-1-4. The possibility of hazards arising from
errors in the software program is minimized.
1-2
Introduction
Caution
At the end of its service life, the product described in this manual, as well as its
accessories, must be disposed of in compliance with the guidelines regulation the
disposal of such products.
Caution
If you have any doubt to the grounding layout and its performance, you must use the
built-in battery to power the monitor.
It is important for the hospital or organization that employs this equipment to carry out a
reasonable maintenance schedule. Neglect of this may result in machine breakdown or injury
of human health.
All illustrations in this manual are provided as examples only. They may not necessarily
accord with the graph, settings or data displayed on your patient monitor.
1.1
General Information
Note
The system may not meet its performance specifications if stored or used outside the
manufacturer’s specified temperature and humidity range.
General instruction:
The Monitor is applicable for bedside monitoring of Adult, Pediatric and Neonate.
This Monitor is intended to monitor vital signals such as ECG, Respiratory Rate, SpO2, NIBP
and TEMP. It integrates parameter measurement, display and recorder in one device,
featured by compactness, lightweight and portability. Its large and high-resolution display can
clearly display 4 waveforms and all parameter information.
The POWER switch is on the right part of the front panel as shown in the figure below:
The power switch is on the right part of the front panel (② in Figure 1-1). After turning on the
monitor, the power indicator (③ in figure 1-1) and the charge indicator (④ in figure 1-1) will
light on. When alarm occurs, the ALARM indicator (① in figure 1-1) will flash or light on. The
sensor/probe sockets are on the right side of the monitor and the recorder socket on the left
side. Other sockets and power plug-in are on the back of the monitor.
The monitor has a user-friendly interface. All operations can be finished by using the buttons
and knob on the front panel(⑤ in figure 1-1). For detailed information, refer to Button
function.
1-3
Introduction
The visible LED is CLASS 1 LED PRODUCT in accordance with EN 60825-1 A11 Oct 1996.
①ALARM INDICATOR
②POWER SWITCH
③POWER INDICATOR
④CHARGE INDICATOR
⑤BOTTONS AND KNOB
Figure 1-1 Veterinary Portable Multi-Parameter Patient Monitor
The Monitor can monitor following parameters:
Heart Rate (HR)
ECG
1-channel ECG waveform
Arrhythmia and S-T segment analysis, Pace analysis
Respiratory Rate (RR)
RESP
Respiration Waveform
Oxygen Saturation (SpO2), Pulse Rate (PR)
SPO2
SpO2 Plethysmogram
NIBP
Systolic Pressure (NS), Diastolic Pressure (ND), Mean Pressure
(NM)
Temperature DATA
TEMP
The Monitor can realize multiple functions such as visual & audible alarm, trend data storage
and output, NIBP data storage and review, alarm event identification, and drug calculation.
Contraindications:
None.
1.2
Screen Display
The Monitor uses a TFT display, which can display parameter data, waveforms, bed number,
time and date, monitoring status, alarm messages and other prompt information.
The main screen is divided into three areas: 1. Message Area①; 2.Waveform Area②; 3.
Parameter Area③. (See Figure 1-2)
1-4
Introduction
①
②
③
Figure 1-2 Main Screen
Message Area (①)
The Message Area is at the top part of the screen, displaying the current status of both the
monitor and the patient.
z
Patient information include:
BED NO
Bed numbers of all patients under monitoring
Patient type
Three options: Adult, Pediatric, Neonate
“01-01-2000”
Current date
“13: 51: 32”
Current time
Male
Patient sex, Male or Female
ZHANG SHAN
Patient name. This item will display blank if the operator does
not input patient name
Other information in the Message Area will appear and disappear together with the reported
status. According to the content, the information is divided into:
■ Prompt information, reporting the current status of the monitor or sensor/probe, which
always appears to the right of the system time. When this information appears, it will cover
patient sex and name.
■
flag for alarm PAUSE. Press “SILENCE” button once (less than 2 second) to mute all
alarm sounds are muted for the time being and the flag appears at the same time. Press the
button again to terminate the PAUSE status. The duration for PAUSE status can be 1 minute,
2 minutes or 3 minutes.
■
flag for alarm SILENCE. Press “SILENCE” button once (more than 2 second) to
manually mute the alarm sound and this flag appears at the same time. The SILENCE status
terminates when you discharge the status or new alarm occurs.
1-5
Introduction
■
flag for Alarm Volume Off. It appears indicating that you have closed the alarm
sound permanently. This status terminates when you discharges the status.
Note
If
symbol appears, the system will no longer give audible alarm sound. You
must be very careful in using this function. Two ways can be used to discharge this
status. One is set the alarm volume to an option other than OFF in the USER MAINTAIN
menu. The other method is to press SILENCE button to make the flag turn to
. And
then press SILENCE again and the system will restore the normal alarm status.
■ Parameter alarm information is displayed always in the upper right corner of the screen.
■ When the waveforms on the screen are frozen, the FREEZE prompt will appear in the
bottom part of the screen.
Waveform/Menu Area (○
2 )
This area displays four waveforms, which are from top to bottom are: one-channel cascade
ECG waveform (the two lines of the first two cascaded waveform are displayed in the
Waveform Area), SpO2 Plethysmogram, RESP (generated by ECG module). You can choose
the waveforms for display. Refer to Tracing Waveforms Selection for details.
Name of each waveform is displayed to its upper left. ECG waveform can show the gain of
this channel as well as the filter way of the ECG waveform. A 1mv scale bar is displayed to
the right side of the ECG waveform.
The same menu always appears in a fixed area on the screen when you are executing screen
operations. The displayed waveform will always cover 2 to 3 waveforms. The system will
restore the original screen once exiting the menu.
The system can refresh the waveform at the user-set rate. Refer to related chapters for details
of sweep speed.
Parameter Area (○
3 )
Parameters are displayed at a fixed position (①~⑦ in the following figure). They are (from
top to bottom):
1-6
Introduction
① HR or PR
②ST analysis
③ PVC
④ NIBP
⑤ SPO2
⑥ RESP
⑦ TEMP
Figure 1-3
Main Screen
ECG:
⎯ Heart Rate (①, Unit: bpm)
⎯ ST-segment analysis result (②, Unit: mV)
⎯ Arrhythmia (PVCs) events (③, Unit: event/min)
NIBP
— (From left to right) Systolic, Mean, Diastolic (④, Unit: mmHg or kPa)
SpO2:
⎯ SpO2 (⑤, Unit: %)
⎯ Pulse Rate (Unit: beats/min) (When select ALL as the HR FROM in the ECG SETUP
menu)
RESP
⎯ Respiration Rate (⑥, Unit: Breath/min)
TEMP
⎯ Temperature (⑦, Unit:℃ or ℉)
The system displays values of these parameters mentioned above in the Parameter Area.
The system refreshes each parameter value once per second except NIBP, which is refreshed
after each measurement.
You can customize the setups of each parameter in the corresponding setup menu displayed
on the screen. Refer to the coming chapters for detailed information.
Alarm indicator and status:
In normal mode, no alarm indicator shall light on.
In alarm mode, the alarm indicator lights on or flashes. The indicator color represents the
alarm level. Refer to Chapter Alarm for detailed information.
You can read relevant chapters to know alarm message and prompt information for each
parameter.
1-7
Introduction
Warning
The system will automatically test if the audio and visual alarm function runs normally
when the monitor is powered on.
1.3
Button Function and Basic Operation
POWER ①
FREEZE ②
③ SILENCE
RECORD ④
⑤ NIBP
⑥ KNOB
Figure 1-4 Buttons and knob
You can finish all operations by just using the buttons and knob on the front panel.
These buttons have following function:
①POWER
Turn On/Off the monitor.
②FREEZE
In normal mode, push this button to freeze all the waveforms on the
screen. Push this button again to unfreeze the frozen waveforms.
③SILENCE
Push this button to suspend alarm for maximum 3 minutes (with 1 minute,
2 minutes and 3 minutes selectable). In Alarm PAUSE status, a
symbol appears in the Message Area. Push this button for more than 2
second to mute all kinds of sounds (including alarm sound, heart beat,
pulse tone, key sound). At the same time, a
symbol appears in the
Message Area. Push this button again to restore all kinds of sounds and
the
symbol appears from the screen.
1-8
Introduction
Note
If new alarm occurs in Alarm Pause/Silence status, the system will
discharge Pause/Silence status automatically. For specific rules, see
Chapter Alarm.
Note
The system will begin to give alarm information again once there
exist alarm-triggering event.
Nevertheless, remember pushing
SILENCE button can permanently shut off audible alarm sound of
ECG LEAD OFF and SPO2 SENSOR OFF alarms.
④RECORD
Push this button and the recorder will start real-time recording. The
recording time is set in the RT REC TIME of the RECORD submenu
(Refer to relevant chapter for details). Push this button again in recording
process to stop the recording.
⑤NIBP
Push this button and the system will begin inflating the cuff and start NIBP
measurement. Push this button again to stop NIBP measurement.
⑥Knob
Rotate the knob to select and change the settings. All Operations can be
performed by rotating it either direction and pushing it.
Using Knob to realize screen operations
The square frame that moves when turning the knob is called "cursor". You can fulfill
operations at the items highlighted by the cursor.
When no menu is displayed, you can highlight following hot keys by turning the knob
clockwise:
z
ECG lead name
z
ECG gain
z
ECG filter
z
ECG menu
z
NIBP menu
z
SpO2 menu
z
RESP menu
z
TEMP menu
z
MENU system menu
If any of the first three items is highlighted, you can change its current settings. When any of
the last six items is highlighted, the system will display following popup menu, in which you
can execute following operations.
Highlight any item that you want to operate and push the knob, the system will fulfill one of the
following three activities:
1-9
Introduction
z
A menu pops up, or the current menu is replaced by a new one;
z
The solid frame becomes a dotted one, indicating that rotating the knob can change its
content;
z
The system can immediately execute an operation.
Basic Operations
To display desired waveform:
Press the MENU button to access the SYSTEM MENU and then pick the [TRACE
SETUP] item in the SYSTEM SETUP menu. The TRACE SETUP menu will appear, in
which you can select the desired waveform. Refer to Tracing Waveforms Selection for
details.
To adjust waveform sweep speed:
ECG: access the ECG SETUP menu and pick the [SWEEP] item;
PLETH: access the SpO2 SETUP menu and pick the [SWEEP] item;
RESP: access the RESP SETUP menu and pick the [SWEEP] item.
To change Alarm limits:
ECG: access the ECG SETUP menu and pick the [ALM HI] or [ALM LO] item.
ST: access the ECG SETUP menu and pick the [ST ANALYSIS], then pick the [ALM HI]
or [ALM LO] item.
PVCs: access the ECG SETUP menu; pick the [ST ANALYSIS], then pick the [ALM HI] or
[ALM LO] item.
SpO2: access the SPO2 SETUP menu and pick the [SPO2 ALM HI] or [SPO2 ALM LO]
item.
PR: access the SPO2 menu and pick the [PR HI] or [PR ALM LO] item.
NIBP Systolic: access the NIBP SETUP menu and pick the [SYS ALM HI] or [SYS ALM
LO] item.
NIBP MEAN: access the NIBP SETUP menu and pick the [MEAN ALM HI] or [MEAN
ALM LO] item.
NIBP Diastolic: access the NIBP SETUP menu and pick the [DIA ALM HI] or [DIA ALM
LO] item.
RESP: access the RESP SETUP menu and pick the [ALM HI] or [ALM LO] item.
TEMP: access the TEMP SETUP menu and pick the [ALM HI] or [ALM LO] item.
To record real-time waveform:
Push RECORD button to start the real-time recording process. Refer to Chapter
Recording for details.
To adjust volume:
z
Alarm volume: Press the MENU hot key to access the SYSTEM MENU \ SYSTEM
1-10
Introduction
SETUP \ ALARM SETUP and pick the [ALARM VOL] item.
z
Key volume: Press the MENU hot key to access the SYSTEM MENU \ SELECTION and
pick the [KEY VOL] item.
z
Beat volume: Access the ECG SETUP\OTHER SETUPS and pick the [BEAT VOL]. You
can select high, medium, low or OFF.
z
Pulse volume: Access the SPO2 SETUP Menu and pick the [PR SOUND].
To set up system date and time:
Press the MENU hot key to access the SYSTEM MENU \ SYSTEM SETUP and pick the
[TIME SETUP].
To restore default settings:
Refer to Default Setup for details.
1.4
Interfaces
For your convenience, we put different interfaces on different positions of the monitor.
Recorder is on the left side of the monitor. See the figure below.
Figure 1-5: Left side
Patient cable and sensor/probe sockets are on the right side of the monitor.
① Socket for TEMP probe
② Socket for NIBP probe
③ Socket for SpO2 sensor
④ Socket for ECG cable
1-11
Introduction
SPO2 probe ①
② TEMP sensor
ECG cable ③
④ NIBP probe
Figure 1-6 Right Side
This symbol means “BE CAREFUL".
Indicates that the instrument is IEC-60601-1 Type CF equipment. The unit
displaying this symbol contains an F-Type isolated (floating) patient applied part
providing a high degree of protection against shock, and is suitable for use during
defibrillation. Other symbols are explained in chapter Patient Safety.
④ Holes for fixing the
bracket
Network port ①
⑤ Equipotential grounding
Reserved ②
terminal
⑥ Power supply
Reserved ③
Figure 1-7 Back Side
Following sockets are on the rear panel:
1) Network port (①): Standard RJ45 socket
2) Reserved(②)
3) Reserved(③)
4) Holes for fixing the bracket (④)
5)
Equipotential grounding terminal (⑤)
6) Power supply (⑥)
1-12
Introduction
Warning
Only an authorized or certified personnel can use this port to upgrade the
system.
Warning
All analog and digital devices connected to the monitor must be IEC-certified (e.g. IEC
60950 for data processing equipment and IEC 60601-1 for medical equipment).
Furthermore all configurations shall comply with the valid version of the system
standard IEC 60601-1-1. Everybody who connects additional equipment to the signal
input part or signal output part configures a medical system, and is therefore
responsible that the system complies with the requirements of the valid version of the
system standard IEC 60601-1-1. If in doubt, consult the technical service department or
your local representative.
1.5
Built-in Battery(optional)
This monitor is designed to operate run battery power when during transport or whenever the
power supply is interrupted. The battery is charged automatically when the monitor is
connected to AC power, no matter the monitor is powered on or not.
The battery symbol displayed on the main screen tells the status of the battery.
The battery is installed in the battery slot. The solid part indicates its capacity.
No battery is installed in the battery slot.
Figure 1-8 Battery slot cover
The capacity of the internal battery is limited. When the battery capacity is too low, a high
level alarm is triggered and the “Battery too low” message is given in the technical alarms
area. At this moment, the AC power shall be applied to the monitor.
Note
Remove the battery before transport, or if the monitor is not likely to be used for an
extended period of time.
1-13
Introduction
Warning
Keep the battery out of the reach of children.
Use only the battery specified by the manufacturer.
1.5.1
Battery Maintenance
Conditioning a Battery
A battery should be conditioned before it is used for the first time. A battery conditioning cycle
is one uninterrupted charge of the battery, followed by an uninterrupted discharge of the
battery. Batteries should be conditioned regularly to maintain their useful life. Condition a
battery once when it is used or stored for two months, or when its run time becomes
noticeably shorter.
To condition a battery, follow this procedure:
1.
Disconnect the monitor from the patient and stop all monitoring or measuring.
2.
Insert the battery in need of conditioning in the battery slot of the monitor, and leave the
other slot empty if your minitor has two slots.
3.
Apply AC power to the monitor and allow the battery to charge uninterrupted for 10
hours.
4.
Remove AC power and allow the monitor to run from the battery until it shuts off.
5.
Apply AC power again to the monitor and allow the battery to charge uninterrupted for 10
hours.
6.
This battery is now conditioned and the monitor can be returned to service.
Checking a Battery
The performance of a rechargeable battery may deteriorate over time. To check the
performance of a battery, follow this procedure:
1.
Disconnect the monitor from the patient and stop all monitoring or measuring.
2.
Apply AC power to the monitor and allow the battery to charge uninterrupted for 10
hours.
3.
Remove AC power and allow the monitor to run from the battery until it shuts off.
4.
The operating time of battery reflects its performance directly.
If your monitor has two battery slots, you can check two batteries at the same time. Please
replace the battery or contact with the maintenance personnel if its operating time is
significantly lower than the specified time.
Note
Life expectancy of a battery depends on how frequent and how long it is used. For a
properly maintained and stored lead-acid battery, its life expectancy is about 2 years.
1-14
Introduction
For more aggressive use models, life expectancy can be less. We recommend
replacing lead acid batteries every 2 years.
The battery might be damaged or malfunctioned if its operating time is too short after
being fully charged. The operating time depends on the configuration and operation.
For example, measuring NIBP more frequently will also shorten the operating time.
1.5.2
Battery Recycling
When a battery has visual signs of damage, or no longer holds a charge, it should be
replaced. Remove the old battery from the monitor and recycle it properly. To dispose of the
batteries, follow local laws for proper disposal.
Warning
Do not disassemble batteries, or dispose of them in fire, or cause them to short circuit.
They may ignite, explode, leak or heat up, causing personal injury.
1-15
Introduction
FOR YOUR NOTES
1-16
Chapter 2 Getting Started
■
Open the package and check
■
Connect AC power cord
■
Power on the monitor
■
Connect patient sensor/probe
■
Check the recorder
Note
You must read this chapter and chapter Patient Safety and install the monitor
according to the requirements in order to ensure the monitor to run normally.
2.1 Open the Package and Check
Open the package and take out the monitor and accessories carefully. Keep the package for
possible transportation or storage in the future. Check the components according to the
packing list.
■
Check for any mechanical damage.
■
Check all the cables, modules and accessories.
If there is any problem, contact MINDRAY sales department or distributor immediately.
2.2 Connect AC power cord
Procedures to connect AC power cord:
„
Make sure the AC power supply complies with following specification: 100~240 VAC,
50/60 Hz.
„
Use the power cord supplied with the monitor. Plug the power cord into the INPUT
interface of the monitor. Connect the other end of the power cord into a grounded
3-phase power jack.
Note
Connect the power cord into the hospital-dedicated jack.
„
Connect the equipotential earth line if necessary. Refer to Chapter Patient Safety for
details.
2-1
Getting Started
Note
The battery needs to be charged after transportation or storage. If the power supply is
not properly connected before turning on the monitor, the monitor may not work
properly because of insufficient battery electricity. Connecting the power supply to
charge the battery no matter if the monitor is turned on or off.
2.3 Power on the Monitor
Push POWER to power on the monitor. The system will give a “Du…” sound and the alarm
indicator will flash in turn in each kind of color. After about 10 seconds, the system will
self-test successfully and enter the main screen. You can perform normal operations now.
During self-test, the system can display machine version number.
Note
If the system detects any fatal error during self-test, it will give alarm.
Note
Check all usable functions in order to ensure the normal function of the monitor.
Note
The battery must be recharged to the full electricity after each use to ensure adequate
electricity reserve.
Warning
If any sign of damage is detected, or the system displays some error messages, do not
use it on any patient. Contact biomedical engineer in the hospital or Mindray Customer
Service Center immediately.
Note
You must turn on the monitor at least 1 minute after turning off the monitor.
2.4 Connect Patient Sensor/Probe
Connect all the necessary patient sensor/probe between the monitor and the patient.
Note
To know how to correctly connect sensor/probe, refer to Chapter 11-14.
2.5 Check the Recorder
Check if the recorder on the left side of the monitor has paper. If there is no paper, refer to
Chapter Recording for details.
2-2
Chapter 3 System Menu
■
New patient enrolment
■
Recording
■
Trend Graph/Table and Alarm Review
■
System Setup
■
Drug Calculation
■
Maintenance
The Patient Monitor features flexible configurations. You can customize monitoring content,
waveform sweep speed, sound volume, and output content.
Turn knob to select the MENU hot key on the lower right part of the screen to call up the
“SYSTEM MENU” menu. You can perform following operations in this menu.
Figure 3-1
SYSTEM MENU
Trend graph/table review, NIBP review and alarm review are discussed in Chapter: Trend and
Event.
3.1 Patient Information Setup
Note
To clear current patient data, refer to New Patient for details.
Pick the [PATIENT SETUP] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to call up the following menu.
3-1
System Menu
Figure 3-2
PATIENT SETUP
You can setup following patient information:
DEPT.
Department in which the patient receives treatment.
PAT NO
Patient No.
BED NO
Patient bed number (Range: 1-100)
DOCTOR
Name of the doctor.
NAME
Patient name (Valid characters: A-Z, 0-9 and space bar; Max. length: 12
characters)
SEX
Patient gender (Available options: "F" for Female, "M" for Male)
PAT TYPE
Patient type (Available options: ADU, PED, and NEO)
ADMIT
Hospitalization starting date (format: year\month\ day)
BIRTH
Patient date of birth (format: year\month\day)
HT. (cm/inch )
Patient height (turning the knob with the increase/decrease of 0.5 cm/inch
each time).The other HT. unit in the other menus accord with the unit which
you choosed here.
WT. (kg/Ib)
Patient weight (turning the knob with the increase/decrease of 0.5 kg/Ib
each time).The other WT. unit in the other menus accord with the unit
which you choosed here.
BLOOD
Patient blood type (Pick A, B, O, AB, or N. "N" represents unknown type)
NEW PATIENT
Admission of new patient
Also in this menu, you may select the [NEW PATIENT] item to access the “CONFIRM TO
3-2
System Menu
UPDATE PATIENT” dialog box as shown below, in which you can decide whether to monitor a
new patient.
Figure 3-3
Confirm To Update Patient Menu
Pick [YES] to delete all information of the patient being currently monitored and exit the menu.
Pick [NO] to give up updating the patient and the system will keep the information of the
current patient and exit the menu.
Note
If you select [YES], the system will delete all information of the patient being currently
monitored.
3.2
Default Setup
Note
After selecting any item in this sub-menu, the selected item will replace the current
setup of the system and accordingly become the system default configuration.
Figure 3-4
DEFAULT Menu
3-3
System Menu
In this sub-menu, you can select both the factory default and the user-defined default. Also in
this sub-menu, you can save the current system configuration as the user-defined default
configuration. But at this time, the system will automatically save all the setups in the
parameter menu, ECG gain and filter way as the user-defined default configuration according
to the patient type. Also, the dialog box as shown below will pop up.
Figure 3-5
CONFIRM DEFAULT CONFIG
Note
After selecting any item in the DEFAULT menu and exiting the box, the “CONFIRM
DEFAULT CONFIG” Dialog box will pop up, in which you can select [YES] to confirm
your selection or [NO] to give up your selection.
Warning
All configurations in the system will be replaced by “default configurations”.
3.3 Review
In the “SYSTEM MENU”, there are [TREND GRAPH], [TREND TABLE], [NIBP RECALL] and
[ALARM RECALL] items. Please refer to Chapter 7: Trend and Event for detailed information.
3-4
System Menu
3.4 System Setup
Select the [system setup] item in the [system menu]:
Figure 3-6 System setup
In the [System setup] menu, users can setup the following items.
3.4.1 Face Select
Select “FACE SELECT” item in “SYSTEM SETUP” menu to access “FACE SELECT” dialog
box as shown below, in which two selections are available: STANDARD SCREEN and
VIEWBED SCREEN. Only one selection can be chosen for each time.
Figure 3-7 FACE SELECT
Standard Screen:
Select the “STANDARD SCREEN” to enter the Standard Screen. The Standard Screen is the
basic operating screen of the monitor.
3-5
System Menu
Figure 3-8
STANDARD SCREEN
Viewbed Screen:
If another monitor is connected on the same LAN of this monitor, you can use this monitor to
view any measured waveform and information about all measured parameters from another
monitor.
„
Enter Viewbed Screen
Select the “VIEWBED SCREEN” option in the “FACE SELECT” menu. Viewbed Screen
window occupies the space of the bottom waveforms.
Figure 3-9
„
VIEWBED SCREEN
Hot key of Viewbed
There are two hot keys in the Viewbed Screen: Select Bed Number and Select
Waveform.
The hot key of Select Bed Number displays the bed numbers and patient names of
other monitors currently connected on the LAN. You can select a monitor to be
monitored according to the patient name and bed number. If at this time no other
3-6
System Menu
monitors are connected on the same LAN of this monitor, the hot key of Bed Number
will therefore display “N/A”. After you use this hot key to select a monitor to be viewed,
the system will toggle to the display of the selected monitor for your view. The selected
waveform is one of those listed in the hot key of Select Waveform.
The hot key of Select Waveform is used to select a waveform generated by the monitor
being viewed. If the hot key of Select Waveform displays “N/A”, it indicates that the
bedside monitor being viewed has no waveforms. You can use this hot key to select
and therefore view different waveforms of the monitor being viewed.
„ Alarm indicator of Viewbed
On the upper right side of the Viewbed Screen, there is an Alarm Indicator used to tell
the alarm status of the monitor being viewed. The activity of this alarm indicator is
identical with that of the alarm lamp on the panel of the monitor being viewed. That is
to say, if the monitor being viewed occurs medium/low level alarm, this alarm indicator
illuminates yellow; if it occurs high level alarm, this alarm indicator illuminates red. If
the monitor being viewed has no alarm or the alarm is screened, the icon for this alarm
indicator will not be displayed.
„ Parameter area of Viewbed Screen
Under the hot key of Select Bed Number is the Parameter area, in which parameters
of all monitors being viewed are displayed.
„ Waveform area of Viewbed Screen
Under the hot key of Select Waveform is the Waveform area. The Sweep manner
(refreshing or scrolling) of the waveform is identical with that of this monitor. The
feature description of the displayed waveform is given above the waveform. Sweep
speed is also identical with that set up for the same waveform on this monitor.
„ Technical Information area
Technical Information area is to the right of patient name in Viewbed Screen. This area
displays related technical information to Viewbed, such as due to network failure or
network too busy, Viewbed is disabled.
„ Close Viewbed Screen
In the FACE SELECT menu, select options of other operating screens to close the
Viewbed Screen.
„ Rules for automatically selecting monitor to be viewed and waveform
When you turn on the monitor or enter Viewbed Screen, the system will automatically
select a networked bedside monitor and a waveform of this monitor for you to view. If
the monitor being currently viewed is disconnected, the viewed monitor will
automatically close, clear displays of all alarms, parameters and waveforms. However
3-7
System Menu
in this situation, the Viewbed Screen still displays. If you want to view another monitor,
you must select again through using hot keys.
If a measure module of the viewed monitor is disconnected or closed, its
corresponding waveform will disappear and the waveform in the waveform area will
not be refreshed. Instead this waveform area will display empty. At this time, if you
want to view other waveforms of this monitor, you need to select again.
3.4.2 Alarm setup
The system provides three levels of alarm volume. You can select any of them as per the
clinical requirement. The procedures are:
Select the [ALARM SETUP] item in the “SYSTEM SETUP” sub-menu of the “SYSTEM
SETUP” menu. The menu as shown below will pop up, in which you can set up the alarm
volume and other alarm information. For detailed information, refer to Chapter Alarm.
Figure 3-10 Alarm Setup
You can highlight the [ALARM VOL] item and then turn the knob to set up the alarm volume.
There are three options: LOW, MED and HIGH.
3.4.3 Time Setup
Select the [TIME SETUP] item in the “SYSTEM SETUP” menu. The menu as shown below
will pop up. System time is in the format of year, month, day, hour, minute and second. Use
cursor to highlight the item that you want to modify and turn the knob to select time. Then
select [EXIT].
Note
You shall set up the system time upon turning on the monitor (if you need to set up the
system time); otherwise, when you review the content with time information, the
3-8
System Menu
system may not display the correct time.
Figure 3-11 System Time Setup
3.4.4 Recorder setup
Select the [RECORD] in the “SYSTEM SETUP” menu to call up the following menu:
Figure 3-12 Record Setup
In this menu, the user can set up to output two waveforms. The waveforms that can be
selected include:
ECG1
SPO2
RESP
OFF
If no ECG waveform is displayed on the screen, you cannot select this item.
SpO2 Plethysmogram. (If no SpO2 Plethysmogram is displayed, you cannot
select this item.)
RESP waveform (If no RESP waveform is displayed, you cannot select this
item).
Do not select this waveform.
3-9
System Menu
z
RT REC TIME: this item has two options, CONTINUAL and 8s. “CONTINUAL” means
once pushing the “RECORD” button on the recorder panel or the monitor panel, the
recorder will continuously print out the waveform or parameter until this button is pushed
again.
z
TIMING REC TIME: used to set up the time interval between two recordings. 10
selections are available: “OFF, 10min, 20min, 30min, 40min, 50min, 1hour, 2hours,
3hours and 4hours”. The system will start the recording process according to the selected
time interval. The recording time is always 8 seconds.
Note
RT REC TIME takes priority over TIMING REC TIME.
z
REC RATE: this item has two options, 25.0 and 50.0 mm/s.
z
REC GRID: used to decide output format: OFF is without grid, and ON is with grid.
z
CLEAR REC TASK: used to clear the alarm event that has been generated and is waiting
for recording out.
Note
If two same waveforms are selected, the system will automatically change one of the
waveform to a different one.
3.4.5 Module Setup
Select the [MODULE SETUP] item in the “SYSTEM SETUP” menu to call up the following
menu:
Figure 3-13 Module Setup
You can choose the parameters to be monitored in this menu. This can avoid the interference
from the parameters that need not attend.
3-10
System Menu
3.4.6 Tracing Waveforms Selection
Select the [TRACE SETUP] in the “SYSTEM SETUP” menu to call up the following menu.
Figure 3-14 Tracing Waveforms Selection
You can choose the waveform to be displayed in this menu.
3.4.7 Event Setup
The monitor has four types of events. You can specify their representations by yourself.
Select the [MARK EVENT] item in the “SYSTEM SETUP” to call up the following menu:
Figure 3-15
MARK EVENT Menu
How to mark the event: Use the rotary knob to select one from event A, B, C and D. The @
symbol will appear in the frame of the event being selected. Once making a wrong selection,
you can push the knob on the event again to give up the selection. Select [EXIT] to exit the
menu and consequently the selection will come into effect.
Event function has following significance:
To classify the records into different categories, such as those having influence on patients
and those having influence on parameter monitoring including dose taking, injection, therapy
3-11
System Menu
status. Event will be displayed on the trend graph/table in order to assist the analysis on the
patient parameters when the event happens.
3.5 Selection Setup
Select the [SELECTION] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to call up the following menu.
Figure 3-16 Selection Setup
Key Volume:
Select the [KEY VOL] item in the “SELECTION” menu. Turn the knob to select the volume.
There are four selections available, which are “OFF, LOW, MED, HIGH”.
Help Function:
The system provides On-line Help to menu operations. You can choose any help information
as per your need. The method is:
Select the [SELECTION] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to access the “SELECTION”
sub-menu, in which you can highlight the [HELP] item and turn the knob to select “ON” or
“OFF”. When it is “ON”, you can browse the on-line help information. When it is “OFF”, the
system will turn off the on-line help function.
Alarm Limit:
The system can display the alarm limits. You can choose this function as per your need. The
method is:
Select the [SELECTION] in the “SYSTEM MENU” to call up the “SELECTION” menu. You can
set the “ALM LIMIT” switch to “ON” or “OFF”.
3-12
System Menu
3.6 Monitor Version
Select the [VERSION] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to know the software version of the
monitor.
Figure 3-17 Monitor Version
Select the [DEVICE CONFIG LIST] to know the configuration of the monitor.
Figure 3-18 Device Configuration List
3.7 Drug Calculation
You can use the drug calculation and titration table function of the monitor to calculate the
concentration of 15 kinds of drugs. Refer to Chapter: Drug Calculation and Titration Table for
detailed information.
3-13
System Menu
3.8 DEMO function
Select the [DEMO] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to call up the “ENTER DEMO PASSWORD”.
After entering the password, the system enters DEMO status.
The purpose of waveform demonstration is only to demonstrate the machine performance,
and for training purpose. In clinical application, this function is not forbidden because the
DEMO will mislead the medical staff to treat the DEMO waveform and parameter as the
actual data of the patient, which may result in the delay of treatment or mistreatment.
Therefore before entering this menu, you shall enter password.
3.9 Maintenance
Select the [MAINTAIN] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to call up the “ENTER MAINTAIN
PASSWORD” dialog box as shown below, in which you can enter password and then
customize maintenance settings. You cannot execute factory maintenance function, which is
only available for the service engineers of MINDRAY Company.
Figure 3-19 Enter Maintain Password
Input the password into the “ENTER MAINTAIN PASSWORD” box and press [CONFIRM], the
“USER MAINTAIN” menu will pop up, in which you can set up following items.
3-14
System Menu
Figure 3-20 User Maintain
For the [LANGUAGE] language, you can set the screen language you need.
For the [LEAD NAMING] item, you can select “AHA” or “EURO”. To know the difference
between these two styles, refer to Chapter: ECG/RESP Monitoring.
For the [ALM SOUND] item, you can set the alarm volume to “ON” or “OFF”.
Warning
When the alarm volume is set to “OFF”, you will not hear the alarm sound if new alarm
occurs. Therefore, you must be very careful in using this selection.
If setting the alarm volume to “OFF” when the system is in Silence or Pause status, the
system will automatically discharge Silence or Pause status.
If you select “Silence” or “Pause” when the alarm volume is set to “OFF”, the system
will restore the alarm volume before the alarm volume is set to “OFF” and enter Silence
or Pause status.
Note
After the alarm volume is set to OFF, a
symbol will appear in the Technical Alarm
Area.
Note
Setting Alarm Volume to “OFF” is valid only when the monitor is turned on for this time.
After turning on the monitor next time, this setup will restore its value of the previous
time when the system is turned on.
3-15
System Menu
For the [ALM PAUSE TIME] item, you can set up the duration of Alarm Pause status. Three
options are available, 1 minute, 2 minutes and 3 minutes.
In the [TEMP SENSOR] item, you can choose either “YSI” or “CY-F1”. “YSI” is for imported
TEMP probe and “CY-F1” is for homemade TEMP probe (i.e., made in China).
In the [NET TYPE] item, you can choose “HYPER III” or “CMS”.
In the [LOCAL NET NO] item, It refers to the net No.
[COLOR SELF-DEFINE]: This is used to define the color of the waveform displayed on the
screen. Five colors can be chosen from: green, cyan, red, yellow and white.
Figure 3-21
Color Self-define
3-16
Chapter 4
Alarm
This chapter gives general information about the alarm and measures to be taken accordingly.
You can know the alarm and prompt information of each parameter in relevant chapter.
Warning
When the monitor is powered on, the system will test if the audio and visual alarm
function can be run normally.
Upon turning on the monitor, a “Dang-” will be heard and at the same time the indicator
will flash each time in yellow and red. This is used to verify if the audio and visual
alarm function of the system can run normally. Therefore, you should be careful in
checking this testing result. If the audio and visual alarm appears abnormal, you shall
not use monitor on the patient and must contact Mindray Company or service center.
4.1.
Alarm Modes
4.1.1. Alarm Level
Each alarm, either technical or physiological, has its own level. For alarm of higher level,
when it occurs, the system will give prompt in various ways. You can set up some alarm’s
level via software. Other alarms shall be set up by the system and therefore you cannot
change them. Alarms of the monitor have three levels, high, medium and low.
High-level alarm indicates the patient’s life is in danger or the monitor has serious technical
problem. It is the most serious warning.
Medium-level alarm means serious warning.
Low-level alarm is a general warning.
Alarms are classified into three categories, which are physiological alarm, technical alarm and
general alarm. Physiological alarm refers to those alarms triggered by patient’s physiological
situation such as heart rate (HR) exceeding the alarm limit (parameter alarm). Technical alarm
refers to system failure which can make certain monitoring process technically impossible or
make monitoring result unbelievable. Technical alarm is also called System Error Message.
General alarm refers to those alarms other than the first two types, to which however attention
must be paid.
The monitor has preset the different alarm levels for various parameters. You can also modify
4-1
Alarm
the alarm level using the method described in this chapter.
The alarm level of System Error (technical alarm) Message is pre-set in the system.
Alarm levels of all technical alarms and general alarms as well as some physiological alarms
are pre-set in the system and accordingly you cannot change them.
4.1.2. Alarm Modes
When alarm occurs, the monitor may raise your attention in three ways, which are audible
sound, visual prompt and word description. Audio and visual prompts come from display,
speaker on the monitor and alarm indicator. Word description is displayed on the screen.
Physiological alarm is displayed in the Physiological Alarm area while most technical alarms
are displayed in the Technical Alarm area.
Note
The Physiological Alarm area is on the upper right part of the screen. The Technical
Alarm area is to the left side of the Physiological Alarm area.
Note
The presentation of each alarm prompt is related to the alarm level.
How to indicate that the measured parameter has exceeded its alarm limits:
When a physiological alarm occurs, that means the measured parameter has exceeded its
alarm limits, in addition to the three prompt ways mentioned above, the monitor also gives
alarm by making the monitored parameter flash in the frequency of 1Hz. If at this time the
upper and lower limits of the parameter are displayed, they will flash in the same frequency
(1Hz).
Screen Display
When the measured parameter exceeds its alarm limits and triggers a physiological alarm, the
corresponding parameter value will flash. The “*” sign appears on upper right screen
indicating there is alarm. “***” means high-level alarm, “**” the medium-level alarm, and “*” the
low-level alarm. The system will not display “*” sign for technical alarm.
Alarm indicator lamp
The high/medium/low-level alarms are indicated by the system in following different visual
ways:
4-2
Alarm
Alarm level
High
Medium
Low
Visual prompt
Alarm indicator flashes red with high frequency.
Alarm indicator flashes yellow with low frequency.
Alarm indicator lights on yellow.
Alarm Sound
The system identifies high/medium/low-level alarms in following different audio ways:
Alarm level
High
Medium
Low
Audio prompt
“DANG-DANG-DANG------DANG-DANG,
DANG-DANG-DANG------DANG-DANG” once every 8 seconds.
“DANG-DANG-DANG” once every 24 seconds.
“DANG-” once every 24 seconds.
Note
When alarms of different levels occur at the same time, the monitor gives the sound of
the highest level.
4.1.3.
Alarm Setup
You can set up parameter alarm limits in the “ALARM SETUP” menu.
Select the [ALARM SETUP] item in the “SYSTEM SETUP” menu to call up the “ALARM
SETUP” menu (default menu) as shown below, in which you can select any option in the
[ALM SEL] item. The options are “COMMON ALM SETUP” and alarm setups for each
parameter.
Figure 4-1
ALARM SETUP
4-3
Alarm
„
COMMON ALM SETUP
Select the [COMMON ALM SETUP] to call up following setup items for all parameters.
z
ALARM VOL: which has three selections: LOW, MED and HIGH.
z
ALM REC TIME: which refers to the recording duration and has three options: 8S, 16S,
32S. The system can output the waveform of 4s, 8s or 16s prior to and after the alarm
occurs (8s, 16s, 32s).
z
PARA ALM TYPE: which has two options: LATCH, UNLATCH. LATCH means that once
alarm occurs, the system will give alarm all the time until manual intervention (such as
push the “SILENCE” button on the panel). UNLATCH means that the system will stop
giving alarm once the alarm condition does not exist.
„
Alarm setup of each parameter
In the “ALARM SETUP” menu, select the [ALM SEL] item to set up the alarm information for
following parameters. They are HR, ST, PVC, SPO2, NIBP, RESP and TEMP. For example:
z
Method to set up HR alarm information:
Step 1: Select the [HR ALM SETUP] option in the [ALM SEL] item. Then the menu only
displays HR setup items.
Step 2: You can set up five items in this menu, which are HR ALM (on/off of the alarm switch),
ALM LEV (alarm level), ALM REC (alarm recording switch), ALM HI (higher limit of HR alarm),
ALM LO (lower limit of HR alarm). You can move the cursor onto the item to be setup by using
the knob and press the knob to make the setup.
The method for setting the alarm information of other parameters is the same as HR.
4.2.
Alarm testing during power-on
During the monitor power-on period, the system will test the audio and visual alarm function.
Every time when the monitor is powered on, the system will give “DANG-” alarm sound, and
the LED indicator on the display will flash each time in yellow and red. If the system does not
give “DANG-“ sound and the LED does not flash, you must stop using the monitor and notify
MINDRAY Customer Service Department.
Warning
When the monitor is powered on, the system will test if the audio and visual alarm
function is in normal status. If the system cannot give the alarm prompt as described
above, you shall not use this monitor on the patient and must contact MINDRAY
Customer Service Department.
4-4
Alarm
4.3.
Alarm types
Alarm will be triggered when following types of alarms occur.
1) Physiological alarms;
2) Technical alarms;
3) General prompt information and alarms
A. Physiological alarms
If the measured value of the physiological parameter exceeds the alarm limit and the alarm
switch is set to “ON”, the system will give the alarm. The system will not give alarm if the
alarm switch is set to “OFF”.
B. Technical alarms
Once system error occurs, the system will give alarm immediately and take corresponding
troubleshooting measures, such as stop displaying corresponding parameter and waveform
and clear the final displayed value to avoid misleading the treatment. If there are more than
one error message for display, the system will display them in turn.
C. General prompt information and alarms
In some circumstances, some alarms are in their normal range, hence we don’t consider that
they will affect the patient health. For example, if patient probe/sensor is connected when the
monitored is turned on, the system will give technical alarm such as SENSOR OFF.
4.4.
„
SILENCE/CLOSE/PAUSE
SILENCE/CLOSE
Push the SILENCE button on the panel for more than 2 second, the system will shut off all
sounds. Push the SILENCE button again, the system can exit the SILENCE status and
restore the PAUSE status and accordingly suspend the alarm as per the previously defined
time duration. Push the SILENCE button for the third time, the system will exit the PAUSE
status and restore the normal alarm status by giving the alarm sound again. When the system
is in the SILENCE status, any new alarm will terminate the SILENCE status and make the
system restore the normal alarm status.
Note
When the
symbol appears indicating the alarm sound is shut off and
accordingly the system will not give alarm sound. Therefore, you must be very careful
in using this function. There are two methods to terminate this status. One is to set the
4-5
Alarm
alarm volume to “ON” in the MAINTAIN menu. The other method is to push the
symbol become
SILENCE button shortly to make the
; push the SILENCE
button again and the system will restore the normal alarm status again.
„
PAUSE
Push the SILENCE button on the panel shortly, the system will shut off all alarm sound and
visual prompt as well as description of physiological alarm, and enter the PAUSE status. The
countdown of PAUSE status is displayed in the Physiological Alarm area, in which area the
symbol is also displayed.
The time duration of the PAUSE status can be set to 1min, 2min or 3min. You can select in
the [ALM PAUSE TIME] item in the “SYSTEM MENU\MAINTAIN”.
After pushing the SILENCE button again, the system will restore the normal status. Besides,
the occurrence of any new technical alarm will also terminate the PAUSE status and let the
system restore the normal status. The
symbol disappears, too.
Note
After the system goes back to the normal status, the existence of alarm depends on
whether the alarm condition is complied with. After pushing the SILENCE button, the
system will permanently shut off the alarm sound for LEAD OFF/SENSOR OFF alarm.
4.5. Parameter Alarm
You can set up the alarm information for single parameter in its menu, such as alarm switch,
alarm limit, alarm level, alarm status and alarm recording switch.
When a parameter alarm is set to OFF, a “
” symbol will appear beside the parameter in
the Parameter Area. You can set up the alarm switch to ON/OFF for each parameter.
For the parameter whose alarm switch is set to ON, once its value exceeds the alarm limits,
the system will generate the alarm automatically as per the setup alarm level in following
ways:
1.
The system displays alarm prompt on the screen in the way as described in alarm
modes;
2.
If you have set up the alarm volume, the system can give alarm sound as per the pre-set
alarm level and volume. When alarms of more than one parameter occur at the same
time, the system will give the alarm information in the highest alarm level;
3.
Alarm indicator flashes;
4.
If you have set up the alarm recording time in the “ALARM SETUP” menu to 8s, 16s or
32s, the system will store the waveform of 4s, 8s or 16s prior to and after the alarm;
4-6
Alarm
5.
If the alarm recording switch is set to ON, the system will automatically activate the
recorder to start alarm recording. For detailed information, refer to Chapter: Recording.
4.6. When an Alarm Occurs
Note
When an alarm occurs, you shall always check the patient's situation first.
The system displays the alarm information in the System Information Area or System Alarm
Information Area. You need to identify the alarm and take the corresponding measures as per
the alarm cause.
1.
Check the patient's situation;
2.
Identify the alarming parameter or the alarm type;
3.
Identify the cause for the alarm;
4.
If necessary, silence the alarm sound;
5.
If the alarm status terminates, you need to check if the cause for the alarm has been
removed.
You can find the alarm information and prompt information for parameters in relevant
chapters.
4-7
Alarm
FOR YOUR NOTES
4-8
Chapter 5
5.1
Freeze
General
When monitoring a patient, you may freeze the waveforms of interest so as to view
them carefully. If necessary, you may also use recorder to print out a frozen waveform.
The Freeze function of this monitor has following features:
„
Freeze status can be activated on any operating screen;
„
At the same time of entering the Freeze status, the system exits all other operating
menus and freezes all waveforms in the waveform area of the basic screen. However,
the system can still refresh the parameters normally.
„
5.2
You can review and record the frozen waveforms.
Entering/Exiting Freeze Status
Entering Freeze Status
In the Non-Freeze status, push the “FREEZE” button on the front panel of the monitor
and the system will exit the menu being displayed (if available) and enter the Freeze
status. At the same time, the “FROZEN” menu will pop up. In the Freeze status, the
system freezes all waveforms and stops refreshing them.
Exiting Freeze Status
In the Freeze status, executing any of the following operations will let the system exit
the Freeze status:
„
Select [EXIT] on the “FROZEN” menu;
„
Push the “FREEZE” button on the front panel again;
„
Push the “MAIN” button on the front panel.
After exiting the Freeze status, the system will clear the screen waveforms and start to
display real-time waveforms. The system will sweep the waveforms from the left to
right in the Waveform Area.
5-1
Freeze
5.3
FROZEN Menu
Push the “FREEZE” button on the front panel, the FROZEN menu will appear on the bottom
part of the screen and the system enter the Freeze status at the same time.
Figure 5-1
„
WAVE 1:
FROZEN menu
Used to select the first frozen waveform to record. The
pull-down list of this item gives you the names of all frozen waveforms
displayed on the screen.
„
WAVE 2:
Used to select the second frozen waveform to record. The
pull-down list of this item gives you the names of all waveforms displayed
on the screen.
„
REC:
select REC and the system will begin recording the frozen
waveforms selected in“WAVE 1” and“WAVE 2”.
„
EXIT:
select EXIT and the system will close the FROZEN menu
and exit the Freeze status。
Note
Pressing the “FREEZE” button repeatedly may result in discontinuous waveforms on
the screen.
5.4
Recording Frozen Waveform
In the Freeze status, you may output displayed frozen waveforms, with up to 2 waveforms at
one time. On the FROZEN menu, the pull-down lists of both “WAVE 1” and “WAVE 2” show all
of the frozen waveforms on the screen, from which you may select two. Select [REC] on the
FROZEN menu to output parameters generated upon the freezing moment and the two
selected frozen waveforms. If one of the two selected waveforms is closed or not available,
only parameters and the other waveform are recorded. If these two selected waveforms are
all closed or not available, the system will record parameters only. As for the function of
recording frozen waveforms, you can only record the waveforms displayed upon the freezing
moment. The recording length is the same as the length of the waveform displayed on the
screen. For example, if the speed of a waveform is relatively fast, then it needs shorter time to
record it. When recording frozen waveforms, the system is still in the Freeze status. After
recording, you may once more choose the waveform for recording and select [REC] again to
5-2
Freeze
record the chosen waveforms. In this way you can record all the waveforms. If the recorder
does not exist, selecting [REC] can only call out the prompt “Recorder does not exist” in the
STATUS bar. For more detailed information about recording, please refer to Chapter:
Recording.
5-3
Freeze
FOR YOUR NOTES
5-4
Chapter 6
Recording(optional)
„
General recording information
„
Configuring and recording
„
Recording information
General Recording Information
6.1
The monitor uses a thermal dot matrices recorder. The record paper is 48mm wide.
Recorder Performance
z
Waveform recording speed is 25 or 50 mm/s;
z
Record up to two waveforms;
z
Output with grid selectable;
z
English / Chinese printout;
z
User-selectable real-time recording time and waveform;
z
User-selectable auto recording interval; waveform is the same as what is selected for
real-time recording;
z
6.2
Automatically select and output alarm-related waveforms for alarm recording
Recording Type
The monitor can record stripes of following types:
„
Continuous real-time recording
„
8 second real-time recording
„
Auto 8 second recording
„
Parameter alarm recording
„
Frozen waveform recording
„
Trend graph/table recording
„
ARR review recording
„
Alarm review recording
„
NIBP review recording
„
Drug calculation and titration table recording
„
Monitor status recording
6-1
Recording(optional)
Real-time Recording
Real-time recording starts as you push the RECORD button.
The system automatically select waveforms (usually the first two waveforms displayed on the
screen) for continuous real-time recording and continuous 8 second recording. Or you can
specify the waveforms in the menu. Refer to related section for details.
In the “RECORD” menu, you can choose the function to record two waveforms at the same
time or to record only one waveform by closing the other one. If you start recording when two
waveforms are closed, the recorder only outputs parameters.
Note
When the system is executing a recording task, the system can start executing next
alarm recording task only when the current one is finished.
Auto recording
The monitor starts 8-second real-time recording automatically with the interval set up in the
[TIMING REC TIME] item of the “RECORDER ” menu. Refer to Chapter 3.4.3 Recorder
Setup for details.
Alarm Recording
Parameter Alarm
Conditions for alarm recording: The alarm recording switch must be set to ON and there is
parameter alarm.
Recording length is 4, 8, or 16 seconds prior to and after the alarm (totally 8, 16 or 32
seconds) (which can be selected in the SYSTEM MENU). The monitor can output all
parameter values when the alarm is happening.
Output two waveforms as per following rules:
1) If more than one alarm switch is set to ON and more than one alarm is triggered
simultaneously, the monitor will output the waveform of the parameter with the
highest alarm level. If the alarms are of the same level, the monitor will output the
waveform of the latest alarm.
2) If other parameters have alarms when the monitor is recording a parameter alarm,
the monitor will record other alarms after it finishes the current recording process.
3) If many alarms occur at the same time, the monitor will first store part of them and
then record them out later in turn.
6-2
Recording(optional)
ST Segment Alarm
The monitor can record ECG waveforms of 4, 8, or 16 seconds prior to and after the ST alarm
(totally 8, 16, or 32 seconds) and all parameter values when the alarm is happening.
Arrhythmia Alarm
The monitor can record waveforms of 4 seconds prior to and after the alarm (totally 8 seconds)
and all parameter values when the alarm is happening.
Frozen Waveform Recording
In the Freeze status, the monitor can output the specified screen waveforms. As the result,
you can keep the abnormal waveforms for further study.
Trend Graph / Table Recording
The monitor can output the trend graph/table in the current trend review window.
Arrhythmia Review Recording
The monitor can output the Arrhythmia alarm event in the current ARR RECALL window.
Alarm Review Recording
The monitor can output the parameter alarm event in the current ALARM RECALL window.
NIBP Review Recording
The monitor can output NIBP review event in the current NIBP RECALL window.
Monitor Status
The monitor can output messages in the current STATUS window.
Titration Table
The monitor can output the messages in the current TITRATION window.
6-3
Recording(optional)
Notes on Recording
Record types:
„
Continuous real-time recording
„
8 second real-time recording
„
Auto 8 second recording
„
Parameter alarm recording
„
Frozen waveform recording
„
Trend graph/table recording
„
ARR review recording
„
Alarm review recording
„
NIBP review recording
„
Drug calculation and titration table recording
„
Monitor status recording
Alarm parameters, alarm time and freeze time.
Patient bed number, name, sex, height, weight, date of birth, admission date.
Parameter name and value
Recording time
Waveform name
Waveform scale (only for ECG waveform)
ECG lead, scale, filter mode, (if having ECG waveforms, it will be printed out within the first
second or when changing the lead, gain and filter mode during real-time recording.)
IBP scale (the first second of IBP waveform)
Date and time
Company name
6.3
Start Recording
You can use following ways to start the recording process:
Continuous real-time recording
Push the “RECORD” button to start/stop recording.
8 seconds real-time recording
Push the “RECORD” button to start recording. The system
will automatically stop recording in 8 seconds.
Auto recording
Start recording automatically as per the interval selected in
the [TIMING REC TIME OFF] item in the “RECORD” menu.
The system will automatically stop recording in 8 seconds.
Alarm recording
When the alarm recording switch is set to ON, the system
will automatically start recording when alarm is happening
6-4
Recording(optional)
Frozen waveform recording
After accessing the FREEZE menu, you can use knob to
select two waveforms for output and then select [REC] to
output waveforms.
If two waveforms are both closed, the monitor only outputs
parameter values in the FREEZE status.
Trend graph recording
Pick [REC] in the “TREND GRAPH” menu, the monitor will
output the trend graph of the parameters being currently
displayed.
Trend table recording
Pick [REC] in the “TREND TABLE” menu, the monitor will
output the trend table of the parameters being currently
displayed.
Arrhythmia review recording
Pick [REC] in the “ARR WAVE RECALL” menu, the monitor
will output the ARR waveform being currently displayed and
its relevant parameter value.
Alarm review recording
Pick [REC] in the “ALARM RECALL CONDITION”
sub-menu of the “SYSTEM MENU”, the monitor will output
the waveforms of the alarming parameter and relevant
parameter value.
NIBP review recording
Pick [REC] in the “NIBP RECALL” sub-menu of the
“SYSTEM MENU”, the monitor will output the NIBP value in
the current window.
Monitor status recording
Pick [REC] in the “MAINTAIN” sub-menu of the “SYSTEM
MENU”, the monitor will output status information of the
monitor.
Titration table recording
Pick [REC] in the “TITRATION” sub-menu of the “DRUG
CALCULATION” menu, the monitor will output the
information in the current titration table.
Note
You can push the RECORD button on the panel to stop the current recording process.
You can stop recording process and clear the stored alarm recording tasks by selecting the
[CLEAR REC TASK] item in the “RECORD” sub-menu of the “SYSTEM MENU”.
6-5
Recording(optional)
6.4
Recorder Operating and Status Information
Record Paper Requirement
You must use the thermal-sensitive record paper in accordance with requirement; otherwise
the recorder may not function normally, the recording quality may be poor, and the
thermo-sensitive printhead may be damaged.
Proper operation
■
When the recorder is working, the record paper goes out steadily. Do not pull the paper
outward with force; otherwise the recorder may be damaged.
■
Do not use the recorder before loading the paper.
Paper Out
When the monitor displays the "RECORDER OUT OF PAPER" message in the Information
Area, the recorder cannot be started. At this time, you should load the record paper in
accordance with the requirement.
Procedures to load record paper
■
Open the recorder catch;
■
Lift up the bail on the left axis;
■
Load a new roll of record paper into the paper cassette with the printing side facing the
printhead;
■
When you can see the paper from the other side, pull it outside. You must load the
paper at the proper position with tidy margin;
■
Pull the bail back to the original position;
■
Feed the paper out from the recorder outlet;
■
Close the recorder catch.
Note
Be careful when loading record paper. Avoid damaging the printhead. Unless when
loading paper or shooting troubles, do not leave the recorder catch open.
Removing Paper Jam
When the recorder functions abnormally or sounds strange, open the recorder catch to check
6-6
Recording(optional)
for paper jam. You shall obey the following steps to remove the paper jam.
■
Cut off the record paper from the feeding edge;
■
Lift up the bail on the left axis of the recorder;
■
Pull the paper out from below;
■
Re-load the paper.
Recorder Status Message (Technical Alarms)
Message
RECORDER
HOT
Cause
HEAD
REC HEAD IN
WRONG POS.
RECORDER OUT OF
PAPER
RECORDER PAPER
JAM
RECORDER COMM
ERR
RECORDER INIT ERR
TOO MANY REC
TASKS
RECORDER
INITIALIZING
Alarm
Level
Remedy
The thermal terminal is
too hot.
low
The printhead is not in
recording place.
low
Push down the bail on
the left axis of the
recorder.
low
Load a new roll of record
paper.
Record paper runs out.
Recording continuously for
more than 30m
Operating status error
Error
occurs
initialization
low
during
Too many alarm events
take place simultaneously.
The recorder is
initialization process.
low
in
Stop using the recorder
Re-load paper.
Reset the recorder.
low
Shut down and re-start
the monitor
low
Close alarm
switch
low
Wait for the initialization
process to end
recording
REC NOT AVAILABLE
Working status of the
recorder is incorrect.
low
Shut down and re-start
the monitor
RECORDER COMM
ERR
Serial
port
communication error.
low
Shut down and re-start
the monitor.
RECORDER BUSY
In recording status
low
Wait for the recording
process to end
6-7
Recording(optional)
FOR YOUR NOTES
6-8
Chapter 7
Trend and Event
The monitor can store 72-hour trend data of all parameters, 400 NIBP measurement results
and 60 alarm events. This chapter tells how to view the data stored by the system.
7.1
Trend Graph
■
For the latest 1-hour trend graph, display the value of the data every 1 or 5 seconds;
■
For the latest 72-hour trend graph, display the value of the data every 1, 5 or 10 minutes;
Pick the [TREND GRAPH] item in the “SYSTEM MENU” to call up the following menu:
Figure 7-1
TREND GRAPH window
In the trend graph, the y-axis refers to the measured value and x-axis time. “ ” is the cursor
of the trend graph, the parameter value of the position pointed by the cursor is displayed
below the trend graph and the corresponding time is displayed above the trend graph. Except
7-1
Trend and Event
for NIBP trend, the system displays other trends in continuous curves. In the NIBP trend
graph, "▼" indicates systolic value, "▲" the diastolic value, and "*" the mean value.
Select to display trend graph of a specific parameter:
Move cursor to highlight the [PARA] item and turn the knob to view its content and push the
knob when the desired parameter appears. Then the system will display the trend graph of
the selected parameter.
Select 1-hour or 72-hour trend graph:
Pick the [RES] item, you can select 1s or 5s to view 1-hour trend or 1min, 5min or 10min to
view 72-hour trend.
View other trend curves:
When "
" appears on the right part of the screen, pick the [L-RIGHT] item and turn the
knob clockwise to view later trend curve. When "
" appears on the left part of the screen,
pick the same item and turn the knob counterclockwise to view earlier trend curve.
Change the display scale
You can change the proportion of y-axis by picking [ZOOM] item. The proportion of the trend
curve will change accordingly. The value beyond maximum value will be represented by the
maximum value.
Obtain trend data of a specific time on the current trend graph
The time at which the cursor points will change as the knob is turned. Parameter of the time is
displayed below the x-axis. When "
" appears on the right part of the screen, the trend
graph will automatically page down for you to view later trend curve as the cursor moves here.
When "
" appears on the left part of the screen, the trend graph will automatically page up
for you to view earlier trend curve as the cursor moves here.
Output trend curve
Press [REC] button to print out the trend curve of the current selected parameter.
7-2
Trend and Event
Mark event
If an event is marked A, B, C, or D, the corresponding event type will be displayed on the axis
time of the trend graph, such as
,
,
or
.
Operation example
View the NIBP trend graph of the latest 1 hour:
■ Pick the MENU hot key in the lower right corner of the screen;
■ Pick the [TREND GRAPH] item in the SYSTEM MENU;
■ Select parameter: Pick the [PARA] item and turn the knob until NIBP appears;
■ Select 1S or 5S in the [RES.] Item;
■ Pick the [L-RIGHT] item and turn the knob, observe the changes of the trend graph time
and the trend curve;
■ Stop at the trend time section to be observed. If the y-axis proportion is improper such as
some trend values exceed the maximum value in the current y-axis, you can pick the
[ZOOM] item to adjust;
■ To know the measured value of a certain time, you can pick the [CURSOR] item and move
the cursor to the time, accordingly time will appear above and the measured value below
the curve.;
■ To output the trend graph, you can pick [REC] and then the recorder will output the NIBP
trend in the current review window;
■ Pick [EXIT] to exit trend graph window.
7.2
Trend Table
The system can display the latest 72-hour trend table data with the resolution of 1min, 5min,
10min, 30min, or 60 minutes.
Pick the [TREND TABLE] item in the SYSTEM MENU to call up the following menu:
7-3
Trend and Event
Figure 7-2
TREND TABLE window
Time corresponding to each group of trend data is display in the leftmost column with date in
brackets. Events that are once marked are listed below the event. They correspond to the
time of marked event. Trend data of each parameter is divided into groups.
NIBP trend data is displayed in a special way. Except the measured NIBP value, the system
also displays measurement time under the corresponding value. If there are many NIBP
values in a time section, the system can only display one group and also a “*” symbol on the
“MORE” to indicate that there are two or more than two measured results.
Choose trend table of different resolutions
Use the cursor to highlight the [RES] item and turn the knob to change its content so as to
change the time interval of the trend data.
View later or earlier trend curve
When " " appears on the upper part of the screen, pick the [UP-DOWN] item and turn the
knob clockwise to view later trend data. When " " appears on the lower part of the screen,
pick the same item and turn the knob counterclockwise to view earlier trend data.
7-4
Trend and Event
Obtain trend data of different parameter
Pick the [L-RIGHT] to select one of the parameter groups. When there is ">" to the right of the
rightmost parameter, it indicates the following page is available. When there is "<" to the left of
the leftmost parameter, it indicates previous page is available.
Output the trend table
Pick [REC] to output the trend data of all parameters displayed in the current time section.
Mark event
If an event is marked A, B, C, or D, the corresponding event type will be displayed on the time
indication of the trend table.
Operation example
View NIBP trend table:
■
Pick the [MENU] hot key on the lower right of the screen;
■
Pick the [TREND TABLE] item in the menu;
■ Select parameter: Pick the [L-RIGHT] and turn the knob until NIBP data appear in the
window;
■ Select resolution: Pick the [RES] item to select the desired interval;
■ Pick the [UP-DOWN] item and turn the knob to view the NIBP trend data of different time;
■ To use recorder to output trend table, just pick [REC] and the recorder will print out the
NIBP trend data;
■
7.3
Pick [EXIT] to exit the TREND TABLE window.
NIBP Recall
The monitor allows you to review the latest 400 NIBP measurement data.
Pick the [NIBP RECALL] in the SYSTEM MENU, the window as shown below will appear
showing the NIBP results and time of the latest 10 measurements.
7-5
Trend and Event
Figure 7-3
NIBP RECALL
Data is listed chronologically from the latest to the earliest. Each screen can display 10 NIBP
measurement results. Pick the [UP-DOWN] item to view earlier or later data. The system can
display up to 400 NIBP measurement results. If there are more than 400 NIBP measurements,
the system only displays the results of latest 400 NIBP measurements. Pick [REC] to output
all measurement data in the NIBP RECALL window.
7.4
Alarm Event Recall
The monitor can display the latest 60 alarm events in the ALARM RECALL window.
„
Pick the [ALARM RECALL] item in the SYSTEM MENU to access the ALARM RECALL
CONDITION menu as shown below.
7-6
Trend and Event
Figure 7-4
ALARM RECALL CONDITION Menu
In this menu, you can set up the conditions for alarm review. The conditions include:
1) Start and End time of alarm review:
You can set up the start time of alarm review in the [START] item and the end time in the
[END] item.
You can set up the end time as the current time or user-defined time.
2) ALARM RECALL EVENT
In the pull-down list of the [ALARM RECALL EVENT] item, you can select the parameter
that you want to review. You can select ALL (alarm events of all parameters), ECG, RESP,
SPO2, NIBP, TEMP, HR_H>180 (this value is higher than the upper alarm limit),
HR_L<60(this value is below the lower alarm limit), SPO2<90%, RR_H>40, RR_L<10,
TEMP_H>40℃, TEMP_L<34℃.
After setting up all the review conditions, press the [ALARM RECALL] item to access the
“ALARM RECALL” window.
„
ALARM RECALL
The ALARM RECALL window as shown below displays following:
Alarming time span, ① in figure 7-5;
Event type, ② in figure 7-5;
Serial number (format: NO. xx of XX ), ③ in figure 7-5;
Parameter value (exclude NIBP) when alarm is occurring, ④ in figure 7-5;
Two waveforms, save 8s/16s/32s waveform, ⑤ in figure 7-5
7-7
Trend and Event
①
②
③
④
⑤
Figure 7-5
ALARM RECALL Menu
View all waveforms during the alarming process
Pick the [L-RIGHT] item and turn the knob to view all 8/16/32-second waveform data stored in
the system.
View other alarm events
The system can display the data of up to 60 alarm events from the latest to the earliest. Pick
the [UP-DOWN] item and turn the knob to view later or earlier events.
Record
Pick [REC] to command the recorder to output all review data in the window.
7-8
Chapter 8
Drug
Calculation
and
Titration Table
This Monitor can execute calculation for 15 drugs and display corresponding titration table.
Besides, you can use recorder to output the content of the titration table.
8.1
Drug Calculation
The drug calculations that can be performed by the system are AMINOPHYLLINE,
DOBUTAMINE, DOPAMINE, EPINEPHRINE, HEPARIN, ISUPREL, LIDOCAINE, NIPRIDE,
NITROGLYCERIN and PITOCIN. Besides DRUG A, DRUG B, DRUG C, DRUG D and DRUG
E are also provided to flexibly replace any of the drugs.
Pick the [DRUG CALC] item in the SYSTEM MENU to call up the “DRUG CALC” window as
shown below.
Figure 8-1
Drug calculation
Following formulas are used for dose calculation:
Concentrat
= Amount / Volume
INF Rate
= DOSE / Concentrat
8-1
Drug Calculation and Titration Table
Duration
= Amount / Dose
Dose
= INF Rate × Concentrat
Operating method:
In the DRUG CALC window, you should first select the name of the drug to be calculated,
confirm the patient weight and then enter other known values.
Turn the knob to highlight the item to be calculated. Push the knob and then turn it to select
the calculation value. After selecting the desired value, the value of the item being calculated
will appear in the corresponding position. Each item has its calculation range. If the result
exceeds the range, the system will display “---.--”.
Note
For drug calculation, you must first enter the patient weight and drug name and then
the values of other menu items. The system gives a group of random initial values. You
cannot use them as the calculation reference. Instead, you must enter a new group of
values as per the doctor’s instruction.
Note
Each drug has its fixed unit or unit series. You must select the proper unit as per the
doctor’s instruction. Of the same unit series, the system will change automatically as
per the current input value. If the value exceeds the range allowed by the unit system,
the system will display “---”.
Note
After entering a value, a conspicuous prompt will appear in the menu reminding you to
confirm if all entered values are correct in order to ensure that the calculated results
are reliable and safe.
Note
In Neonate mode, DRIP RATE and DROP SIZE items are disabled.
Note
The system will display a dialog box for each input value and ask you to confirm the
value. You must be careful when answering each box. The calculated result is reliable
only if the entered value is correct.
■ Select the drug name:
Highlight the [DRUG NAME] item and turn the knob to select the drug name in the pull-down
list, including AMINOPHYLLINE, DOBUTAMINE, DOPAMINE, EPINEPHRINE, HEPARIN,
ISUPREL, LIDOCAINE, NIPRIDE, NITROGLYCERIN, PITOCIN, Drug A, Drug B, Drug C,
Drug D and Drug E. You can only calculate one drug each time.
8-2
Drug Calculation and Titration Table
Note
A, B, C, D and E are only codes for drugs instead of their real names. The units for
these five drugs are fixed. You may select the appropriate unit according to the drug
application convention.
The rules for units are:
“mg” series units are fixedly used for drug A, B and C: g, mg, mcg.
“unit” series units are fixedly used for drug D: unit, k unit, m unit.
“mEq” is fixedly used for drug E.
■ Patient weight
After accessing the DRUG CALC window, the first you should enter the patient weight which
is used solely for calculating the drug concentration.
Note
This drug calculation function acts only as a calculator. It means that the values in the
table may not be related to the patient monitored by the current monitor. Therefore, the
patient weight in this menu and the patient weight of the system represent two different
values. If you enter a new patient in the system, the values in this menu will not be
affected.
8.2
Titration Table
Access titration table:
Select the [TITRATION] item in the DRUG CALC menu to enter titration table display.
The figure below shows the TITRATION table.
8-3
Drug Calculation and Titration Table
Figure 8-2
TITRATION
„
Method to operate the titration table:
1.
In the TITRATION table, highlight the [BASIC] item and then push the knob to select the
desired item, which can be either DOSE or FLOW RATE.
2.
Highlight the [STEP] item, push and rotate the knob to select step from 1 ~ 10.
3.
Highlight the [DOSE TYPE] item, push and rotate the knob to select the dose unit.
4.
Highlight the [UP-DOWN] item, push and turn the knob to view previous or later page of
the table.
5.
Highlight the [REC] item, push the knob to command the recorder to output the data
displayed in the titration table.
6.
Highlight the [EXIT] item, push the knob to return to the DRUG CALC menu.
8-4
Chapter 9
Patient Safety
The monitor is designed to comply with the International National Safety requirements for
medical electrical equipment, IEC60601-1, EN60601-2-27 and EN60601-2-30. This device
has floating inputs and is protected against the effects of defibrillation and electrosurgery. If
the correct electrodes are used and applied in accordance with the manufacturer instructions
(see Chapter ECG/RESP Monitoring), the system can restore screen display within 10
seconds after defibrillation.
This symbol indicates that the instrument is IEC60601-1 Type CF equipment. The unit
displaying this symbol contains an F-Type isolated (floating) patient applied part providing a
high degree of protection against shock, and is suitable for use during defibrillation.
Warning
Do not come into contact with patients, bed or the monitor during defibrillation.
Environment
Follow the instructions below to ensure complete and safe electrical installation. The
environment where the monitor will be used should be reasonably free from vibration, dust,
corrosive or explosive gases, extremes of temperature, humidity, and so on. For a cabinet
mounted installation, allow sufficient room at the front for operation and sufficient room at the
rear for servicing with the cabinet access door open.
The monitor operates within specifications at ambient temperatures between 0℃ and 40℃.
Ambient temperatures that exceed these limits may affect the accuracy of the instrument and
cause damage to the modules and circuits. Allow at least 2 inches (5cm) clearance around
the instrument for proper air circulation.
Power Source Requirements
Refer to Appendix A: Production Specification.
9-1
Patient Safety
Grounding the monitor
To protect the patient and hospital personnel, the monitor must be grounded. Accordingly, the
monitor is equipped with a detachable 3-wire cable which grounds the instrument to the power
line ground (protective earth) when plugged into an appropriate 3-wire receptacle. If a 3-wire
receptacle is not available, consult the hospital electrician.
Warning
Do not use a 3-wire to 2-wire adapter with this instrument.
Connect the grounding wire to the equipotential grounding terminal on the main system. If it is
not evident from the instrument specifications whether a particular instrument combination is
hazardous or not, for example due to summation of leakage currents, the user shall consult
the manufacturers concerned or else an expert in the field, to ensure that the necessary
safety of all instruments concerned will not be impaired by the proposed combination.
Equipotential Grounding
When other equipments are used together with the monitor, a grounding cable should be
used to connect the equipotential grounding connectors of the monitor and of other
equipments. This helps to reduce the potential differences between different pieces of
equipment, and ensure the safety of the operator and patient.
Condensing
Make sure that during operation, the instrument is free of condensing. Condensing may form
when equipment is moved from one room into another, thus being exposed to moisture and
different temperature environment.
Warning
Possible explosion hazard if used in the presence of flammable anesthetics.
Symbols used on the Monitor
This symbol means 'BE CAREFUL '. Refer to the accompanying document of
the Patient Monitor (this manual).
This symbol indicates that the instrument is IEC60601-1 Type CF equipment.
The unit displaying this symbol contains an F-Type isolated (floating) patient
applied part providing a high degree of protection against shock, and is
9-2
Patient Safety
suitable for use during defibrillation.
Equipotentiality
Power ON /OFF
Alternating current (AC).
Battery indicator
The patient monitor bears CE mark indicating its conformity with the
provisions of 84/539/EEC and 2004/108/EC.
The following definition of the WEEE label applies to EU member states only.
This symbol indicates that this product should not be treated as household
waste. By ensuring that this product is disposed of correctly, you will help
prevent bringing potential negative consequences to the environment and
human health. For more detailed information with regard to returning and
recycling this product, please consult the distributor from whom you
purchased it.
* For system products, this label may be attached to the main unit only.
9-3
Patient Safety
FOR YOUR NOTES
9-4
Chapter 10
10.1
Maintenance/Cleaning
System Check
Before using the monitor, you shall check:
■
Check if there is any mechanical damage;
■
Check if all the outer cables, inserted modules and accessories are in good condition;
■
Check if all the monitoring functions of the monitor can work normally so as to make sure
that the monitor is in good condition.
If you find any damage on the monitor, stop using the monitor on patient, and contact the
biomedical engineer of the hospital or Mindray Customer Service Department immediately.
The overall check of the monitor, including the functional safety check, must be performed by
qualified personnel once every 6 to 12 month or each time after fix up.
All checks that need to open the monitor enclosure must be performed by qualified service
personnel. Safety and maintenance check may also be conducted by persons from Mindray.
You can obtain the material about the customer service contract from the local Mindray office.
Warning
If the hospital or agency that is responding to using the monitor does not follow a
satisfactory maintenance schedule, the monitor may become invalid, and the human
health may be endangered.
Warning
Replace the battery as instructed by Mindray service engineer.
Warning
To prolong the life cycle of the battery, it is recommended to use the battery at least
once per month and recharge the battery each time only after the electricity is
exhausted.
10.2
General Cleaning
Warning
Turn off the power and disconnect the line power before cleaning the monitor or the
sensor/probe.
10-1
Maintenance/Cleaning
The monitor must be kept dust-free.
It is recommended that you should clean the outside surface of the monitor enclosure and the
display screen regularly. Only use non-caustic detergents such as soap and water to clean
the monitor enclosure.
Caution
Pay special attention to avoid damaging the monitor:
1.
Avoid using ammonia-based or acetone-based cleaners such as acetone.
2.
Most cleaning agents must be diluted before use. Dilute the cleaning agent as per
the manufacturer's direction.
3.
Do not use the grinding material, such as steel wool etc.
4.
Do not let the cleaning agent enter the monitor. Do not immerse any part of the
system into liquid.
5.
Do not leave the cleaning agents at any part of the equipment.
10.3
Cleaning Agents
Except the solutions specified in the above Caution, you can use any of the solutions listed
below as the cleaning agent.
■
Diluted Ammonia Water
■
Diluted Sodium Hyoichlo (Bleaching agent).
Note
The diluted sodium hyoichlo from 500ppm (1:100 diluted bleaching agent) to 5000ppm
(1:10 bleaching agents) is very effective. The concentration of the diluted sodium
hyocihlo depends on how many organisms (blood, mucus) are left on the surface of
the enclosure.
■
Diluted Formaldehyde 35% -- 37%
■
Hydrogen Peroxide 3%
■
Alcohol
■
Isopropanol
Note
You can use hospital-grade ethanol to clean the monitor and its sensor/probe and leave
it to dry naturally or use clean cloth to dry it.
Note
Mindray has no responsibility for the effectiveness of controlling infectious disease
10-2
Maintenance/Cleaning
using these chemical agents. Please contact infectious disease experts in your
hospital for details.
10.4
Sterilization
To avoid extended damage to the equipment, sterilization is only recommended when
stipulated as necessary in the Hospital Maintenance Schedule. Sterilization facilities must be
cleaned first.
Recommended sterilization materials: Ethylate, and Acetaldehyde.
Appropriate sterilization materials for ECG lead and blood pressure cuff are introduced
Chapter ECG/RESP Monitoring and Chapter NIBP Monitoring respectively.
„
Caution
Follow the manufacturer’s instruction to dilute the solution, or adopt the lowest
possible concentration.
„
Do not let liquid enter the monitor.
„
Do not immerse any part of the monitor into liquid.
„
Do not pour liquid onto the monitor during sterilization.
„
Use a moistened cloth to wipe off any agent remained on the monitor.
10.5
Disinfection
To avoid extended damage to the equipment, disinfection is only recommended when
stipulated as necessary in the Hospital Maintenance Schedule. Disinfection facilities should
be cleaned first.
Appropriate disinfection materials for ECG lead, SpO2 sensor, blood pressure cuff and TEMP
probe are introduced in relevant chapters.
Caution
Do not use EtO gas or formaldehyde to disinfect the monitor.
10-3
Maintenance/Cleaning
FOR YOUR NOTES
10-4
Chapter 11
11.1
ECG/RESP Monitoring
What Is ECG Monitoring
Monitoring the ECG produces a continuous waveform of the patient's cardiac electric activity
to enable an accurate assessment of his current physiological state. Connecting ECG cable
correctly is the prerequisite to obtaining correct measurement result. The monitor can display
2 lines of cascaded ECG waveforms.
■
The patient cable consists of 2 parts:
Cable for connecting the monitor;
Lead set for connecting the patient.
■
This monitor has 3-lead configuration.
■
Parameters that can be displayed by the monitor are HR, ST segment and Arrhythmia
analysis result.
■
All of the above parameters can be set to be alarm-triggering parameters.
Warning
In the factory setups of the monitor, ECG waveforms are the top two waveforms in the
Waveform Area.
11.2
Precautions during ECG Monitoring
Warning
Do not come into contact with the patient, table, or the monitor during defibrillation.
Warning
Use only the ECG cable supplied with the monitor to monitor the patient. Please select
the ECG cable with no resistance for RESP monitoring.
11-1
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Warning
When connecting electrodes or patient cable, make sure no conductive part is in
contact with the ground. Verify that all ECG electrodes, including neutral electrodes,
are securely attached to the patient but not the conductive part or ground.
Warning
When apply the ECG cable with no resistances to Mindray patient monitor or other
patient monitors which themselves with no current limit resistance, it can’t be applied
to defibrillation.
Note
Interference from an unearthed instrument near the patient and ESU interference may
result in the distorted waveform.
EN60601-1-2 (protection against radiation is 3v/m) specifies that the electrical field
density exceeding 1v/m may cause measurement error in various frequencies. It is
accordingly suggested that do not use equipment generating electrical radiation near
ECG/RESP monitoring devices.
11.3
Monitoring Procedures
11.3.1
Preparation
1.
Prepare the patient's skin prior to placing the electrodes.
■
The skin is a poor conductor of electricity, therefore preparation of the patient's skin
is important to facilitate good electrode contact to skin.
■
Shave hair from sites, if necessary.
■
Wash sites thoroughly with soap and water. (Do not use ether or pure alcohol,
because this may increase skin impedance).
■
Rub the skin briskly to increase capillary blood flow in the tissues and remove skin
scurf and grease.
2.
Attach clip or snap to electrodes prior to placing the electrodes.
3.
Attach the electrodes to the patient. Before attaching, apply some conductive cream on
the electrodes if the electrodes are not electrolyte self-supplied.
4.
Connect the electrode lead to the patient cable.
5.
Make sure the monitor is turned on.
Warning
Placed the electrode carefully and make sure contact good.
11-2
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Warning
Check everyday whether there is skin irritation resulted from the ECG electrodes. If so,
replace electrodes every 24 hours or change their sites.
Warning
To protect the environment, the used electrodes must be recovered or disposed
properly.
Warning
Check if the lead connection is correct before monitoring. After plug off the ECG cable,
the system will display “ECG LEAD OFF” and give audible alarm.
11.3.2
Installing ECG lead
Placing ECG electrodes
Following is the configuration per European standard when using three leadwires.
■
R (right arm) lead –on the right foreleg.
■
L (left arm) lead - on the left foreleg.
■
F (left leg) lead - on the left hind leg.
Note
The following table gives the corresponding lead names used in Europe and America
respectively. (Lead names are represented by R, L, F in Europe, whose corresponding
lead names in America are RA, LA, LL.)
America
Euro
Lead name
Color
Lead name
color
RA
White
R
Red
LA
Black
L
Yellow
LL
Red
F
Green
11-3
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Figure 11-1
Electrode placement
Note
To ensure patient safety, all leads must be attached to the patient.
Recommended ECG Lead Placement for Surgical Patients
Warning
When using Electrosurgery (ES) equipment, leads shall be placed in the middle of
Electrosurgery knife and the ES earth plate with the equal distance to both sides to
avoid burns. Cables of Electrosurgery equipment and ECG cable shall not be tangled
up.
The placement of the ECG leads depends on the operation type. For open chest surgery, the
electrodes can be placed laterally on the chest or on the back. In the operating room, artifacts
may affect the ECG waveform due to the use of ES (Electrosurgery) equipment. To reduce
the artifacts, you can place the electrodes on the right and left shoulder, the right and left
sides near abdomen, and the chest lead on the left side of the mid-chest. Do not place the
electrode on the upper arm; otherwise the ECG waveform will be too small.
Warning
When using Electrosurgery (ES) equipment, do not place the electrode near the ES
earth plate, otherwise there will be a great deal of interference with the ECG signal.
A good signal shall be:
11-4
ECG/RESP Monitoring
…
Tall and narrow with no notches.
…
With tall R-wave completely above or below the baseline.
…
With pacer spike not higher than R-wave height.
…
With T-wave less than one-third of the R-wave height.
…
With P-wave much smaller than the T-wave.
To get 1 mv calibrated ECG wave, you shall execute ECG calibration. During the process, the
system displays "when CAL, can't monitor! ".
Figure 11-2
11.4
Standard ECG Waveform
ECG Screen Hot Keys
ECG lead name
ECG gain
Filter mode
Figure 11-3 ECG hot keys
① ECG lead name, the lead name selections are I, II, and III.
② ECG waveform gain: used to adjust the amplitude of ECG waveform.
You can select the gain for the channel from ×0.25,×0.5,×1,×2, and AUTO. AUTO means
the monitor adjusts the gain automatically. The system displays a 1mv scale at the right side
of the ECG waveform. The height of 1mv bar is directly proportional to the waveform
amplitude.
11-5
ECG/RESP Monitoring
NOTE
When the input signals are too large, the peak of the waveform may not be displayed.
In this case, you can manually change the gain of the ECG waveform according to the
actual waveform so as to enable the system to display complete waveform.
③ Filter method: used to obtain clearer and more accurate waveform
There are three selectable filter modes. In DIAGNOSTIC mode, the system displays the ECG
waveform that has not been filtered. In MONITOR mode, the artifacts that may lead to false
alarm can be filtered. In SURGERY mode, the artifacts and interference from the ES
equipment can be reduced. The system displays the filter mode above the ECG waveform.
Warning
The system displays non-processed real signal only in Diagnostic mode. In Monitor or
Surgery mode, ECG waveforms may have distortion of different extent. In either of the
latter two modes, the system can only show the basic ECG and the results of ST
analysis may also be greatly affected. In Surgery mode, ARR analysis result may be
somewhat affected. Therefore, it is suggested that in the environment having relative
small interference, you’d better monitor a patient in Diagnostic mode.
Note
︱
The system will indicate the detected pacemaking signal by displaying " " above the
ECG waveform.
11.5
ECG Menu
ECG SETUP Menu
Turn the knob to highlight the ECG hot key in the Parameter Area on the main screen and
then push the knob to call up the ECG SETUP menu.
11-6
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Figure 11-4
ECG SETUP menu
■ ECG alarm setting
• HR ALM: pick "ON", the system will give alarm and save the alarm information when
HR alarm occurs; pick "OFF", the system will not give alarm and instead display a
beside “ECG”.
• ALM LEV: three options are available, which are HIGH, MED, LOW. Level HIGH
means the most serious case.
• ALM REC: pick "ON", the system will start recording process once HR alarm occurs.
• ALM HI: used to set up the upper limit of ECG alarm.
• ALM LO: used to set up the lower limit of ECG alarm.
ECG alarm is activated when the heart beat exceeds the ALM HI value or falls below the ALM
LO value.
ECG alarm limits:
Max. ALM HI
Min. ALM LO
Step
HR ADU
300
15
1
HR PED
350
15
1
HR NEO
350
15
1
Note
You shall set up the alarm limits according to the clinical situation of the individual
patient. The upper HR alarm limit is very important during clinical monitoring, which
shall not be a very high value. You shall set up the higher HR alarm limit to a value at
most 20beats/min higher than the patient’s heart beats.
■
HR FROM
You can select the HR FROM. The ECG signal can be from ECG or SPO2. ECG takes priority
over SPO2. You shall choose SPO2 as the HR source only when the ECG signal is too poor
11-7
ECG/RESP Monitoring
to be used for analysis. Moreover, when ECG signal becomes normal, the system will
automatically switch the HR source back to ECG waveform. If you select AUTO, the system
will decide the HR source by itself according to the signal quality. If you select BOTH, the
system will display HR and PR (pulse rate) at the same time. If the HR source is SPO2, the
system will display “PULSE” at the right side of ECG hot key and give PR sound at the same
time.
When HR source is SPO2, the system will not make judgment on HR alarm. Instead, it will
make judgment on PR alarm.
When HR source is BOTH, the system will display the PR measurement value at the right
side of SpO2 on the main screen and make judgment on HR and PR alarm at the same time.
The heart beat sound will be based on HR. If there are HR data, the system will give
corresponding sound. If there are no HR data, the system will give PR sound.
■
SWEEP
Available options for SWEEP are 12.5, 25.0, and 50.0 mm/s.
■
ST ANALYSIS
Pick this item to access the ST ANALYSIS menu, the detailed information about the
menu is to be discussed in the following section.
■
ARR ANALYSIS
Pick this item to access the ARR ANALYSIS menu, the detailed information about the
menu is to be discussed in the following section.
■
OTHER SETUP
Pick this item to access the ECG SETUP menu as shown below:
Figure 11-5
ECG SETUP menu
In this menu, following functions are available:
z
BEAT VOL
Four selections are available: OFF, LOW, MED, HIGH. HIGH indicates maximum volume.
OFF indicates no sound.
z
PACE
︱
"ON"
detected signal will be marked by a " " above the ECG waveform.
"OFF"
mean the pacemaker analysis function is disabled.
11-8
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Note
If monitoring a patient with pacemaker, set “PACE” to ON,otherwise, set it to OFF.
If “PACE” is ON, the system will not perform some types of ARR analysis and ST
analysis. For detailed information, refer to the section: ARR ALARM.
z
NOTCH:
The control switch for 50/60HZ notch waveform of ECG module. Three selections are
available, which are 50HZ, 60HZ and OFF. If you select 50HZ or 60HZ, the system can
respectively filter 50HZ or 60HZ industrial frequency interference.
z
ECG CAL
Pick this item to start ECG calibrating process. Picking this item again or change lead
name on the screen can end calibrating process.
z
ADJUST WAVE POS
Used to adjust the position of ECG waveform on the screen. Pick this item to call up the
ADJUST WAVE POS dialog box. Pick the [UP-DOWN] item and turn the knob to adjust
the position of the waveform on the screen. Pick the [BACK TO DEFAULT] item to let the
waveform go back to the default position on the main screen.
Figure 11-6
z
ADJUST WAVE POS menu
DEFAULT
Pick the [DEFAULT] item to call up the ECG DEFAULT CONFIG dialog box, in which you
can select the [FACTORY DEFAULT CONFIG] or the [USER DEFAULT CONFIG] item.
After selecting any of the items and exiting the dialog box, the system will pop up a dialog
box asking for your confirmation.
11-9
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Figure 11-7 ECG DEFAULT CONFIGURE
Warning
For a patient with pacemaker, the pacing impulse analysis function must be switched
on; otherwise, the pacing impulse may be counted as normal QRS complex, which may
cause the system not able to detect “ECG LOST”.
If the monitor has functions of ST segment & Arrhythmia analysis, refer to ST Segment
Monitoring and Arrhythmia Analysis for details.
Note
When Pacer Switch is ON, the system will not execute Arrhythmia analysis related to
PVCs (including PVCs counting) and ST analysis.
11.6
ECG Alarm Information and Prompt
Alarm Message
Alarms occurring in the process of ECG measurement have two types: physiological alarm
and technical alarm. Prompt message may also appear in the mean time. For the audio and
visual features during the appearance of these alarms and prompt messages in the process
of ECG measurement, please refer to the related description in Chapter Alarm. On the screen,
physiological alarm messages and general prompt messages (general alarms) are all
displayed in the Alarm Area while technical alarms and prompt messages unable to trigger
alarms are displayed in the Message Area. This section does not introduce Arr. and ST
analysis.
When the alarm switches are set to ON in relevant menus, the physiological alarms caused
by the parameter exceeding the alarm limit may possibly trigger the recorder to automatically
output alarm information including parameter value and corresponding waveform.
Tables below list out various alarms that may occur during the measurement.
Physiological alarms:
Message
ECG LOST
HR TOO HIGH
HR TOO LOW
Cause
No ECG signal of the patient is detected.
HR measuring value is above the upper alarm limit
HR measuring value is below the lower alarm limit
Alarm level
HIGH
User-selectable
User-selectable
Technical alarms:
Message
Cause
11-10
Alarm
level
Remedy
ECG/RESP Monitoring
ECG LEAD OFF
ECG LL LEAD OFF or
ECG F LEAD OFF
ECG LA LEAD OFF or
ECG L LEAD OFF
ECG RA LEAD OFF or
ECG R LEAD OFF
ECG electrodes fall off the
skin or ECG cables fall off the
monitor.
Make sure that all
electrodes, leads and
LOW
patient
cables
are
properly connected.
ECG INIT ERR
ECG INIT ERR1
ECG INIT ERR2
ECG INIT ERR3
ECG module failure
ECG INIT ERR4
HIGH
ECG INIT ERR5
Stop using measuring
function provided by
ECG module, and
notify
biomedical
engineer or Mindray
service staff.
ECG INIT ERR6
ECG INIT ERR7
ECG INIT ERR8
ECG COMM STOP
ECG module failure
communication failure
ECG COMM ERR
Occasional
failure
HR ALM LMT ERR
ECG NOISE
or
communication
Functional safety failure
ECG measuring
greatly interfered.
signal
is
HIGH
Same as above
HIGH
If failure persists,
notify
biomedical
engineer or Mindray
service staff.
HIGH
Stop using HR alarm
function,
notify
biomedical engineer
or Mindray service
staff.
LOW
Make sure the patient
is
quiet,
the
electrodes
are
properly
connected
and AC power system
is well grounded.
Prompt messages (include general alarms):
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
HR EXCEED
HR measuring value exceeds the
measurement range.
HIGH
11.7
ST Segment Monitoring (optional)
ST Segment Monitoring
■
ST segment monitoring function is shutoff by default. In this status, the system cannot
11-11
ECG/RESP Monitoring
execute ST analysis. You can switch it to ON when necessary.
Note
If you set ST ANALYSIS to ON, the system will be in “DIAGNOSTIC” mode. But you
can switch it to “MONITOR” mode or “SURGERY” mode as required. However at
this time ST value has been severely distorted.
■
The system can measure the variance of ST segment over the user-specified lead and
display the ST result numerically at ST1 and ST2 in the Parameter Area. You can also
open the TREND GRAPH or TREND TABLE window to observe the trend data.
■
Measurement unit of ST segment: mv.
■
Measurement symbol of ST segment: "+" = elevating, "-" = depressing.
■
Measurement range of ST segment: -2.0 mv, ~ + 2.0 mv.
Pick the [ST ANALYSIS] item in ECG SETUP menu to access the ST ANALYSIS menu as
shown below.
ST ANALYSIS menu
Figure 11-8
ST ANALYSIS menu
ST analysis alarm setting
■ ST ANAL: status switch of ST analysis. Set it to ON to activate ST analysis or OFF to
disable ST analysis.
■ ST ALM: pick "ON", the system will give alarm and save the alarm information once ST
alarm occurs; pick "OFF", the system will not give alarm and instead display a
beside ST in the Parameter Area. ST alarm is activated when the result exceeds the ST
HI value or falls below ST LO value.
■ ALM LEV: used to set up the ST alarm level. There are three selections: HIGH, MED and
LOW.
■ ALM REC: pick "ON", the recorder will automatically start recording process once alarm
occurs.
■ ALM HI: used to set up the upper limit of ST alarm. The maximum higher limit is 2.0. The
11-12
ECG/RESP Monitoring
minimum higher limit must be 0.2 larger than the lower limit.
■
ALM LOW: used to set up the lower limit of ST alarm. The minimum lower limit is –2.0.
The maximum lower limit must be 0.2 lower than the higher limit.
ST analysis alarm limits:
ST
■
Max. ST HI
Min. ST LO
Step
2.0 mv
-2.0 mv
0.1mv
DEF POINT: pick this item to access the DEF POINT window, in which you can set up
the position of ISO point and ST point.
1) ISO (reference point): used to set up the reference point. Default is 80 ms.
2) ST (start point): used to set up the measurement point. Default is 112ms.
Figure 11-9
DEF POINT window
ISO and ST are two measurement points of ST segment. Both points can be adjusted.
Set the reference point of ST measurement point to be peak point of R-wave (see Figure
11-10).
R Wave
T
P
}
Q
ISO
-80 ms
S
ST
+112 ms
Figure 11 -10 DEF Point
11-13
ST Value
ECG/RESP Monitoring
The ST measurement for each beat complex is the vertical difference between the two
measurement points.
Note
You shall adjust ST measurement point if the patient's HR or ECG waveform has
obvious change.
…
Adjusting ISO and ST
Turn the knob to adjust these two points.
When setting up the ST measurement point, the system will show the ST Measurement Point
window. The system displays the QRS complex template in the window (If the template is not
established, the system will display message “ST analysis key off!”). You can adjust the
position of the highlighted line in the window. The method is first select ISO or ST, then turn
the knob clockwise or counterclockwise to move the highlighted line horizontally so as to
define the reference point or the measurement point.
Note
Abnormal QRS complex is not considered in ST segment analysis.
ST Alarm Message
If the alarm recording switches in relevant menus are set to ON, the physiological
alarms caused by parameter exceeding alarm limit can trigger the recorder to
automatically output alarming parameter value and corresponding measuring
waveform.
Tables below list out possible physiological alarms, technical alarms and prompt messages
that may occur during ST measurement.
Physiological alarms:
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
ST TOO HIGH
ST measuring value is above the upper
alarm limit.
User-selectable
ST TOO LOW
ST measuring value is below the lower
alarm limit.
User-selectable
Technical alarms:
Message
ST ALM LMT ERR
Cause
Functional safety failure
11-14
Alarm Level
Remedy
HIGH
Stop using ST alarming
function,
notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Prompt messages (include general alerts):
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
ST EXCEED
ST measuring value exceeds the measurement
range.
HIGH
11.8
Arr. Monitoring (optional)
Arrhythmia Analysis
The arrhythmia algorithm is used to monitor ECG of neonate and adult patient in clinical,
detect the changing of heart rate and ventricular rhythm, and also save arrhythmia events and
generate alarming information. Arrhythmia algorithm can monitor paced and non-paced
patients. Qualified personnel can use arrhythmia analysis to evaluate patient’s condition (such
as heart rate, PVCs frequency, rhythm and ectopic beat) and decide the treatment. Besides
detecting changing of ECG, arrhythmia analysis can also monitor patients and give proper
alarm for arrhythmia.
■
The arrhythmia monitoring is shutoff by default. You can enable it when necessary.
■
This function can raise the doctor's attention to the patient's heart rate by measuring and
classifying the arrhythmia and abnormal heart beat and triggering the alarm.
■
The monitor can conduct up to 13 different arrhythmia analyses.
■
The monitor can store the latest 60 alarm events (4 seconds prior to and after alarm).
You can edit these arrhythmia events through using the menu below.
Pick the [ARR ANALYSIS] item in the ECG SETUP menu to access the ARR ANALYSIS
menu.
ARR ANALYSIS Menu
Figure 11-11
ARR ANALYSIS Menu
■
ARR ANAL: Pick "ON" during monitoring. Default set is "OFF".
■
PVCs ALM: Pick "ON" and the system will give and store alarm information when alarm
11-15
ECG/RESP Monitoring
is occurring. Pick "OFF" and the system will not give PVCs alarm, instead, it will display
beside “PVCs”.
a
■
ALM LEV: there are three options: HIGH, MED, LOW. Level HIGH represents the most
serious PVCs alarm.
■
ALM REC: pick "ON" and the system will command the recorder to output information
when PVCs alarm is occurring.
■
ALM HI: the system will give PVCs alarm once PVCs exceed the set PVCs ALM HI
value.
PVCs alarm upper limits:
PVCs
Max
Min
Step
10
1
1
PVCs alarm and prompt message:
If the alarm recording switches in relevant menus are set to ON, the physiological
alarms caused by parameter exceeding alarm limit can trigger the recorder to
automatically output alarming parameter value and corresponding measuring
waveform.
Tables below list out the possible physiological alarms, technical alarms and prompt
messages that may occur during PVCs measurement.
Physiological alarms:
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
PVCs TOO HIGH
PVCs measuring value is above upper alarm limit.
User-selectable
Technical alarms:
Message
Cause
PVCs ALM LMT
ERR
Functional safety
failure
Alarm Level
Remedy
HIGH
Stop using PVCs alarming
function, notify biomedical
engineer or Mindray service
staff.
■
ARR RELEARN
Pick this item to start a learning procedure.
■
ARR ALARM
Pick this item to access the ARR ALARM dialog box to set
arrhythmia alarm parameters.
ALM: alarm switch.
LEV: alarm level.
REC: alarm recording switch.
11-16
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Figure 11-12
ARR ALARM
You can select the [ALL ALM ON] item to set all alarm switches of Arr. alarms to ON or the
[ALL ALM OFF] to set all alarm switches of Arr. alarms to OFF. Similarly you can select the
[ALL REC ON] item to set all alarm recording switches to ON or the [ALL REC OFF] to set all
alarm recording switches to OFF. Change of the content of the [ALM LEV] item can let the
levels of all Arr. alarms change uniformly.
■
ARR RECALL
Pick this item to view and edit the ARR analysis information.
Figure 11-13
ARR RECALL
11-17
ECG/RESP Monitoring
The system displays the latest stored Arr. events (10events/page, maximum 6 pages) in the
window.
…
UP-DOWN
Observe other event lists of other page.
…
CURSOR
Move the cursor to select the Arr. event in the list.
…
DELETE
Delete the selected Arr. event. If you do not want to delete it, just
select it again to save it.
RENAME
…
Rename the selected Arr. event. Turn the knob until the desired name
appears and push the knob.
WAVE
…
Pick this item and the system will display the waveform of the Arr.
event and its occurring time as well as the parameter value when the
alarm is occurring in the window.
In the ARR RECALL window:
€
UP-DOWN
To observe the waveform of other Arrhythmia event.
€
L_RIGHT
To observe 8-second waveform of Arrhythmia event.
€
REC
To print out the waveform of the displayed Arrhythmia event.
€
EXIT
To return to the ARR RECALL menu of Arrhythmia event.
Figure 11-14 ARR WAVE RECALL
Note
If there are more than 60 Arrhythmia events, the system will keep the latest Arr. event
and delete the earliest one. For the monitor with power-off storage function, it can
store information of up to 60 Arr. events upon power-off.
11-18
ECG/RESP Monitoring
ARR ALARM
The system will give alarm once Arr. event occurs. If the ALM switch is ON, the system will
give alarm sound and the alarm indicator flash at the same time. If the ALM REC switch is ON,
the system will command the recorder to output the alarm information (ECG waveform of 4
seconds prior to and after the alarm of the channel being analyzed).
Tables below list out the alarms or prompt information related to Arr. analysis.
Physiological alarms:
Arr. Type
Applicable
Patient Type
ASYSTOLE
All patients
VFIB /VTAC
Without
pacemaker
Occurring Condition
No QRS is detected for 4
consecutive seconds
Fibrillatory
wave
for
consecutive 4 seconds; or
The number of continuous
Vent beats is larger than
the upper limit of cluster
Vent beats (>5).
Prompt
Alarm
Level
ASYSTOLE
User-sele
ctable
VFIB/VTAC
User-sele
ctable
VT>2
User-sele
ctable
COUPLET
User-sele
ctable
BRGEMINY
User-sele
ctable
TRIGEMINY
User-sele
ctable
R ON T
User-sele
ctable
PVC
User-sele
ctable
The RR interval is less
than 600ms.
VT>2
Without
pacemaker
3 < the number of cluster
PVCs < 5
COUPLET
Without
pacemaker
2 consecutive PVCs
VENT BIGEMINY
BIGEMINY
TRIGEMINY
Without
pacemaker
Without
pacemaker
Vent Trigeminy
R ON T
Without
pacemaker
A type of single PVC
under the condition that
HR<100 , R-R interval is
less than 1/3 the average
interval, followed by a
compensating pause of
1.25X the average R-R
interval(the next R wave
advances
onto
the
previous T wave).
PVC
Without
pacemaker
Single PVCs not belonging
to the type of above
mentioned PVCs.
11-19
ECG/RESP Monitoring
TACHY
All patients
5
consecutive
QRS
complex, RR interval is
less than 500ms.
TACHY
User-sele
ctable
BRADY
All patients
5
consecutive
QRS
complex, RR interval is
longer than 1.5s.
BRADY
User-sele
ctable
BEAT MISS
User-sele
ctable
Without
pacemaker
BEAT MISS
When HR is less than 100
beats/min., no heart beat is
tested during the period
1.75 times of the average
RR interval; or
When HR is larger than
100 beats/min., no beat is
tested with 1 second.
PNP
PNC
With
pacemaker
No QRS complex and
pacing pulse appear during
the period 1.75 times of the
average R-R interval (only
considering patients with
pacemaker).
PNP
With
pacemaker
When pacing pulse is
available, no QRS exists
during the period 1.75
times of the average RR
interval (only considering
patients with pacemaker.)
PNC
User-sele
ctable
User-sele
ctable
Patient type:
All patients: refers to perform Arr. analysis on patients either with pacemakers or without
pacemakers.
Without pacemaker: refers to perform Arr. Analysis only on the patients without pacemakers.
With pacemaker: refers to perform Arr. Analysis only on the patients with pacemakers.
Prompt message:
Message
Cause
ARR LEARNING
The QRS template building required for Arr. Analysis is in
process.
Note
The system displays the Arrhythmia name in the Alarm Message area.
11-20
Alarm
Level
No
alarm
ECG/RESP Monitoring
11.9
Measuring RESP
11.9.1
How to measure RESP?
The monitor measures respiration from the amount of thoracic impedance between two ECG
electrodes. The change of impedance between two electrodes, (due to the thoracic
movement), produces a respiratory waveform on the screen.
11.9.2
Setting Up RESP measurement
For RESP monitoring, it is not necessary to attach additional electrodes. It is very important to
attach the electrodes to the correct positions.
Some patients, due to their clinical conditions, expand their chest laterally, causing a negative
intrathoracic pressure. In these cases it is better to place the two RESP electrodes laterally in
the right axillary and left lateral chest areas at the maximum point of breathing movement to
optimize the respiratory waveform.
Note
You shall not execute RESP monitoring on the patient who is very active, as this can
cause error alarms.
Checklist for RESP Monitoring
1.
Prepare the patient's skin prior to placing the electrodes.
2.
Attach snap or clip to the electrodes and attach the electrodes to the patient as described
in 11.9.3.
3.
Turn on the monitor.
11-21
ECG/RESP Monitoring
11.9.3
Placing electrode for RESP measurement
Placing the Electrodes for Respiratory Monitoring
Figure 11-15
Electrodes placement
NOTE
Place the red and green electrodes diagonally to optimize the respiration waveform.
Avoid the liver area and the ventricles of the heart in the line between the RESP
electrodes so as to avoid cardiac overlay or artifacts from pulsating blood flow. This is
particularly important for neonates.
11.9.4
RESP menu
RESP SETUP Menu
Turn the knob to highlight the [RESP] hot key in the Parameter Area of the screen; push the
knob to access the RESP SETUP menu.
11-22
ECG/RESP Monitoring
Figure 11-16
RESP SETUP
RESP alarm setting
• ALM: pick "ON", the system will give alarm prompt and save alarm information when RESP
alarm occurs. Pick “OFF”, the system will not give alarm and instead display a
beside
“RESP”.
• ALM REC: pick "ON", the system will command the recorder to output the alarm
information when RESP alarm occurs.
• ALM LEV: selectable from HIGH, MED and LOW. Level HIGH represents the most serious
case.
• ALM HI: used to set up the upper alarm limit.
• ALM LO: used to set up the lower alarm limit.
The system will give RESP alarm once the RESP value goes above the upper alarm limit or
below the lower alarm limit.
RESP alarm limits:
Max. RR HI
Min. RR LO
Step
RESP ADU
120
0
1
RESP NEO/PED
150
0
1
• APNEA ALM: used to set the standard of judging an apnea case. It ranges from 10 to 40
seconds with each turn of knob being 5s.
• SWEEP: Available options are 6.25, 12.5 and 25.0 mm/s.
• WAVE AMP: used to set up the magnified display of RESP waveform. The selections are
0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
• HOLD TYPE: options are AUTO and MANUAL. When it is AUTO mode, HOLD HI and
HOLD LO menus cannot be used and the monitor automatically calculates the RESP
RATE. When it is MANUAL, you can use HOLD HI and HOLD LO items to respectively
adjust the two dotted lines in the RESP waveform area. The positions of these two dotted
lines are used to calculate the upper and lower RESP alarm limits.
• HOLD HI and HOLD LO: When the HOLD TYPE is MANUAL, you can use the knob to pick
either HOLD HI or HOLD LO and turn the knob to respectively adjust the two dotted lines in
the RESP WAVEFORM area. The positions of these two dotted lines are used to calculate
the upper and lower RESP limits.
11-23
ECG/RESP Monitoring
• DEFAULT: pick this item to access the RESP DEFAULT CONFIG dialog box, in which you
can select FACTORY DEFAULT CONFIG or USER DEFAULT CONFIG. After selecting an
item and exiting the dialog box, the system will pop up the dialog box asking for the user’s
confirmation
11.9.5
RESP Alarm Information and Prompt Information
If the alarm recording switches in relevant menus are set to ON, the physiological
alarms caused by parameter exceeding alarm limit can trigger the recorder to
automatically output alarming parameter value and corresponding measuring
waveform.
Tables below list out the possible physiological alarms, technical alarms and prompt
messages during RESP measurement.
Physiological alarms:
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
RR TOO HIGH
RESP measuring value is above
upper alarm limit.
User-selectable
RR TOO LOW
RESP measuring value is below
lower alarm limit.
User-selectable
RESP APNEA
RESP can not be measured within
specific time interval.
HIGH
Technical alarms:
Message
RESP ALM LMT ERR
Cause
Alarm Level
Functional safety
failure
HIGH
Remedy
Stop
using
RESP
alarming function, notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
Prompt message (general alarms):
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
RR EXCEED
RR measuring value exceeds the
measure range.
HIGH
11.10 Maintenance and Cleaning
Care and Cleaning
Warning
Turn off the power and disconnect the line power before cleaning the monitor or the
11-24
ECG/RESP Monitoring
sensor.
You must replace the ECG cable with a new one once the cable is found damaged or
deteriorated.
■
Cleaning
Use ethanol to clean the probe surface, and dry it in air or by using clean and dry cloth.
■
Sterilization
To avoid extended damage to the equipment, sterilization is only recommended when
stipulated as necessary in the Hospital Maintenance Schedule. Sterilization facilities shall
be cleaned first.
Recommended sterilization materials:
■
y
Ethylate: 70% alcohol, 70% isopropanol
y
Acetaldehyde
Disinfection
To avoid extended damage to the equipment, disinfection is only recommended when
stipulated as necessary in the Hospital Maintenance Schedule. Disinfection facilities
should be cleaned first.
11-25
ECG/RESP Monitoring
FOR YOUR NOTES
11-26
Chapter 12
12.1
SpO2 Monitoring
What is SpO2 Monitoring
SpO2 Plethysmogram measurement is employed to determine the oxygen saturation of
hemoglobin in the arterial blood. If, for example, 97% hemoglobin molecules in the red blood
cells of the arterial blood combine with oxygen, then the blood has a SpO2 oxygen saturation
of 97%. The SpO2 numeric on the monitor will read 97% .The SpO2 numeric shows the
percentage of hemoglobin molecules which have combined with oxygen molecules to form
oxyhemoglobin. The SpO2/PLETH parameter can also provide a pulse rate signal and a
plethysmogram wave.
How the SpO2 / PLETH Parameter Works
■
Arterial oxygen saturation is measured by a method called pulse oximetry. It is a
continuous, non-invasive method based on the different absorption spectra of reduced
hemoglobin and oxyhemoglobin. It measures how much light, sent from light sources on
one side of the sensor, is transmitted through patient tissue (such as a finger or an ear),
to a receiver on the other side.
The sensor measurement wavelengths are nominally 660nm for the Red LED and
940nm for Infrared LED. Maximum optical power output for LED is 4 mW.
■
The amount of light transmitted depends on many factors, most of which are constant.
However, one of these factors, the blood flow in the arteries, varies with time, because it
is pulsating. By measuring the light absorption during a pulsation, it is possible to derive
the oxygen saturation of the arterial blood. Detecting the pulsation gives a PLETH
waveform and pulse rate signal.
■
The SpO2 value and the PLETH waveform can be displayed on the main screen.
■
SPO2 is a non-invasive measurement of the functional oxygen saturation.
Warning
Pulse oximetry can overestimate the SpO2 value in the presence of Hb-CO, Met-Hb or
dye dilution chemicals.
12-1
SpO2 Monitoring
SpO2 / Pulse Monitoring
Warning
ES (Electrosurgery) equipment wire and SpO2 cable must not be tangled up.
Warning
Do not put the sensor on extremities with arterial catheter or venous syringe.
Note
Do not perform SpO2 measuring and NIBP measuring on same arm at one time,
because obstruction of blood flow during NIBP measuring may adversely affect the
reading of SpO2 value.
Precautions during SpO2/Pulse Monitoring
12.2
Note
■ Make sure the nail covers the light window;
■ The wire should be on the backside of the hand.
Note
■ SpO2 value is always displayed at the same position.
■ Pulse Rate will be displayed only under following situations:
◆ Select HR FROM as "SPO2" or “BOTH” in the ECG SETUP menu.
◆ Select HR FROM as “AUTO” in the ECG SETUP menu and there is no ECG
signal.
Note
SpO2 waveform is not proportional to the pulse volume.
Warning
Check if the sensor cable is in normal condition before monitoring. After unplugging
the SpO2 sensor cable from the socket, the system shall display the error message
“SPO2 SENSOR OFF” and give the audible alarm.
12-2
SpO2 Monitoring
Warning
Do not use the SpO2 sensor once the package or the sensor is found damaged. Instead,
you shall return it to the vendor.
Warning
Prolonged and continuous monitoring may increase jeopardy of unexpected change of
dermal condition such as abnormal sensitivity, rubescence, vesicle, repressive
putrescence, and so on. It is especially important to check the sensor placement of
neonate and patient of poor perfusion or immature dermogram by light collimation and
proper attaching strictly according to changes of the skin. Check per 2~3 hours the
sensor placement and move it when the skin deteriorates. More frequent examinations
may be required for different patients.
12.3
Monitoring Procedure
SpO2 plethysmogram measurement
1. Select a sensor and clip that is appropriate for the patient.
2. Power on the monitor.
3. Attach the sensor to the proper site of the patient.
4. Plug the connector of the sensor extension cable into the SpO2 connector on monitor.
The preferred sensor site for feline, canine and equine animals is on the tongue, with the
optical components of the sensor positioned to the center of the tongue. Alternatively, the
sensor and clip may be placed to the toe, lip, ear, vulva or prepuce of the animal.
The process of SpO2 plethysmogram measurement is generally the same. But the SpO2
sensor selection and placement depend on the patient type. When choosing a site for a
sensor, refer to the directions for that sensor.
12-3
SpO2 Monitoring
■
Tongue Sensor Placement
You can easily place the tongue sensor as shown below.
Figure 12-1 Tongue Sensor Placement
Note
Be sure that the sensor cable is positioned along the side of the animal’s face and
body to avoid entanglement with the animal.
12.4
Limitations for Measurement
Measurement Limitations
In operation, the accuracy of oximetry readings can be affected by:
z
High-frequency electrical noise, including noise created by the host system, or
noise from external sources, such as electrosurgical apparatus connected to the
system.
z
Do not use oximeters and oximetry sensors during magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI) scanning. Induced current could potentially cause burns.
z
Intravascular dye injections
z
Excessive patient movement
z
External light radiation
z
Improper sensor installation or incorrect contact position of the patient
z
Sensor temperature (optimal temperature between 28°C and 42°C)
z
Placement of the sensor on an extremity that has a blood pressure cuff, arterial
catheter, or intravascular line.
z
Significant
concentrations
of
dysfunctional
hemoglobin,
such
as
carboxyhemoglobin and methemoglobin.
z
SpO2 too low
z
Bad circular injection of the part being measured
z
Shock, anemia, low temperature and application of vasomotor may all cause the
arterial blood flow to reduce and hence make the measurement impossible.
12-4
SpO2 Monitoring
z
The absorption of oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxyhemoglobin to the light of
special wavelength may also affect SpO2 measurement. If there exist other objects
(carbon hemoglobin, methemoglobin, methylene blue and indigo carmine)
absorbing the light of the same wavelength, they may result in false or low SpO2
value.
z
It is recommended to use SpO2 sensors described in chapter Accessories and
Ordering Information.
12.5
SpO2 Menu
SPO2 SETUP Menu
Turn the knob to move the cursor onto the SPO2 hot key in the Parameter area, push the
knob to access the SPO2 SETUP menu.
Figure 12-2
SPO2 SETUP menu
Warning
Setting the SpO2 upper alarm limit to 100% is equivalent to switching off the alarm on
upper limit. High oxygen levels may predispose a premature infant to retrolental
fibroplasia. Therefore, the upper alarm limit for oxygen saturation must be carefully
selected in accordance with commonly accepted clinical practices.
SpO2 alarm setting
■ ALM: pick "ON", the system will give alarm prompt and store alarm information when SpO2
alarm occurs; pick "OFF", the system will not give alarm and instead display a
beside
“SpO2”.
■ ALM REC: pick "ON", the system will command the recorder to output alarm information
when SpO2 alarm occurs.
■ ALM LEV: used to set up alarm level, selectable from HIGH, MED and LOW. HIGH
12-5
SpO2 Monitoring
represents the most serious case.
■ SPO2 ALM HI and SPO2 ALM LO: SpO2 alarm is activated when the result exceeds set
SPO2 ALM HI value or falls below SPO2 ALM LO value.
■ PR ALM HI and PR ALM LO: PR alarm is activated when the pulse rate exceeds set PR
ALM HI value or falls below PR ALM LO value.
SpO2 and PR alarm limits:
Max. Upper Limit
Min. Lower Limit
Step
SpO2
100
0
1
PR
254
0
1
The default SpO2 and PR alarm limits:
Parameters
SpO2
PR
■
Max. Upper Limit
Min. Lower Limit
Adult
100
90
Pediatric
100
90
Neonatal
95
80
Adult
120
50
Pediatric
160
75
Neonatal
200
100
SWEEP
Available options are 12.5mm/s, 25.0 mm/s.
■
PR SOUND
Pulse beep volume. Options are OFF, HIGH, MED, LO W.
■
AVG TIME
4s, 8s, 16s represent times that SpO2 average value is counted.
■
DEFAULT
Pick this item to access the SPO2 DEFAULT CONFIG dialog box, in which you can
select FACTORY DEFAULT CONFIG or USER DEFAULT CONFIG. After selecting one
item and exiting the dialog box, the system will pop up the dialog box asking for the your
confirmation.
12.6
Alarm Description and Prompt
SpO2 Alarm Message
When the alarm switches are set to ON in relevant menus, the physiological alarms caused
by the parameter exceeding the alarm limit may possibly trigger the recorder to automatically
output alarming parameter value and corresponding waveforms.
Tables below describe the possible physiological alarms, technical alarms and prompt
12-6
SpO2 Monitoring
messages occurring during SpO2 measurement.
Physiological alarm:
Message
Cause
Alarm Level
SPO2 TOO HIGH
SpO2 measuring value is above upper alarm limit.
User-selectable
SpO2 TOO LOW
SpO2 measuring value is below lower alarm limit.
User-selectable
PR TOO HIGH
PR measuring value is above upper alarm limit.
User-selectable
PR TOO LOW
PR measuring value is below lower alarm limit.
User-selectable
Technical alarms:
Message
SPO2 SENSOR OFF
Cause
SpO2 sensor may
be
disconnected
from the patient or
the monitor.
Alarm
Level
Remedy
LOW
Make sure that the
monitor and the patient
are
in
correct
connection with the
cables.
HIGH
Stop
using
the
measuring function of
SpO2 module, notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
HIGH
Stop
using
the
measuring function of
SpO2 module, notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
HIGH
Stop
using
the
measuring function of
SpO2 module, notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
HIGH
Stop
using
the
measuring function of
SpO2 module, notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
HIGH
Stop
using
the
measuring function of
SpO2 module, notify
biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
SPO2 INIT ERR
SPO2 INIT ERR 1
SPO2 INIT ERR 2
SPO2 INIT ERR 3
SPO2 INIT ERR 4
SpO2
failure
module
SPO2 INIT ERR 5
SPO2 INIT ERR 6
SPO2 INIT ERR 7
SPO2 INIT ERR 8
SPO2 COMM STOP
SpO2
module
failure
or
communication
error
SPO2 COMM ERR
SpO2
module
failure
or
communication
error
SPO2 ALM LMT ERR
PR ALM LMT ERR
Functional
failure
Functional
failure
safety
safety
12-7
SpO2 Monitoring
Prompt message (include general alerts):
Message
SPO2 EXCEED
PR EXCEED
SEARCH PULSE
NO PULSE
12.7
Cause
Alarm Level
SpO2 measuring value exceeds the range.
HIGH
PR measuring value exceeds the range.
HIGH
SpO2 module is searching for pulse.
SpO2 module cannot detect SpO2 signal for a
long time.
No alarm
HIGH
Maintenance and Cleaning
Care and Cleaning
Warning
Turn of the monitor and disconnect the line power before cleaning the monitor or the
sensor
Warning
Do not subject the sensor to autoclaving.
Do not immerse the sensor into any liquid.
Do not use any sensor or cable that may be damaged or deteriorated.
Cleaning:
„
Use a cotton ball or a soft mull moistened with hospital-grade ethanol to wipe the surface
of the sensor, and then dry it with a cloth. This cleaning method can also be applied to
the luminotron and receiving unit.
„
The cable can be cleaned with 3% hydrogen dioxide, 7% isopropanol, or other active
reagent. However, connector of the sensor shall not be subjected to such solution.
12-8
Chapter 13
13.1
■
NIBP Monitoring
Introduction
The Non-invasive Blood Pressure (NIBP) module measures the blood pressure using the
oscillometric method.
■
It is applicable for adult, pediatric, and neonatal.
■
There are three measurement modes: MANUAL, AUTO, and CONTINUOUS. The
system displays systolic, mean and diastolic pressure for each mode.
…
In MANUAL mode, the system executes one NIBP measurement each time.
…
In AUTO mode, the system executes NIBP measurement repeatedly with the interval
of 1/2/3/4/5/10/15/30/60/90/120/180/240/480 minutes.
…
In CONTINUOUS mode, the system executes NIBP measurement continuously
within five minutes.
Warning
Do not perform NIBP measurement on a patient of sickle-cell disease or with damaged
skin or expected damaged skin.
For a thrombasthemia patient, you must determine if to run AUTO NIBP measurement
according to the clinical evaluation because haematoma may occur at the friction
position between extremity and cuff.
You must select correct mode especially for pediatric and neonate patients (refer to the
PATIENT SETUP menu). Measurement under wrong mode may endanger patient
because high adult blood pressure is not suitable for pediatric and neonate.
13.2
NIBP Monitoring
13.2.1
NIBP Measuring
Warning
Use accessories specified by Mindray only, otherwise; the device may not function
normally.
13-1
NIBP Monitoring
Warning
■
Before starting a measurement, verify that you have selected a measurement
mode appropriate for your patient (adult, pediatric or neonate.)
■
Do not apply the cuff to a limb that has an intravenous infusion or catheter in
place. This could cause tissue damage around the catheter when infusion is
slowed or blocked during cuff inflation.
Warning
Make sure that the air conduit connecting the blood pressure cuff and the monitor is
neither blocked nor tangled.
Notes
The blood pressure of the patient as the basis for establishing therapy may be obtained
by using other method such as the cuff/stethoscope auscultation method. Accordingly,
the clinical doctor must note that the values obtained by using other method and the
monitor may be different.
Notes
NIBP monitoring uses the oscillometric method of measurement. Blood pressure
determined with this device are equivalent to those obtained by a trained observer
using the cuff/stethoscope auscultation method and an intra-arterial blood pressure
measurement device, within the limits prescribed by the ANSI/AAMI SP10.
Notes
This equipment is suitable for using in the presence of electro-surgery.
Notes
Any blood pressure recording can be affected by the position of the subject, his or her
physiologic condition, and other factors.
To place the cuff, follow the procedure as below:
1.
Identify the patient limb/tail circumference.
2.
Select an appropriate cuff, which is identified with a specific limb circumference.
3.
Verify the cuff is completely deflated.
4.
Place the cuff over the proper site of the patient, making the cuff edge fall within the
range of the <-> mark.
5.
Verify that the cuff is not wrapped too tightly around the limb.
13-2
NIBP Monitoring
The details about the cuff sites on different animals are as below.
■
For a CAT
For conscious patients, measurements from the coccygeal artery can be taken by wrapping
the cuff around the base of the tail. For anesthetized patients, measurements from the median
artery on the foreleg can be used by wrapping the cuff around the forelimb, between the
elbow and carpus. For cats less than five pounds when measurements are difficult to obtain,
place the cuff around the leg above the elbow to obtain measurements from the brachial
artery. Hair need not be clipped except when heavily matted.
Figure 13-1
■
Cat cuff placement
For a DOG
For measurements in dogs, it is preferable to use the right lateral, stemal or dorsal recumbent
position. If the dog is in a sitting position, place the front paw on the operator’s knee and take
measurements from the metacarpus.
The metacarpus, metatarsus and anterior tibial are recommended for the cuff placement. For
anesthetized patients, most surgeries are done on the posterior part of the body so the
metacarpal area of the forelimb is most convenient. In situations where this is not possible,
place the cuff around the metatarsus just proximal to the tarsal pad or around the hind leg
next to the hock. For conscious patients, measurements from the coccygeal artery can be
used over the tail site.
Figure 13-2
■
Dog cuff placement
For larger animals
It is preferable for a large animal, such as a horse and a cow, to be in a stock, standing still.
Measurments from the coccygeal artery on the ventral surface may be used by placing the
cuff around the base of the tail.
13-3
NIBP Monitoring
Note
The limb chosen for taking the measurement should be placed at the same level as the
patient's heart.
If the animal’s hair over the artery site is too thick or matted for good contact, it should
be clipped.
Warning
The width of the cuff should be either 40% of the limb circumference or 2/3 of the upper
arm length. The inflatable part of the cuff should be long enough to circle 50-80% of the
limb. The wrong size cuff can cause erroneous readings. If the cuff size is in question,
use a larger cuff.
Do not apply the cuff to a limb that has an intravenous infusion or catheter in place.
This could cause tissue damage around the catheter when infusion is slowed or
blocked during cuff inflation.
Make sure the air tubing connecting the blood pressure monitor is not blocked, twisted,
or tangled.
Operation Hints
1.
To start AUTO measurement:
Access the NIBP SETUP menu and pick the [INTERVAL] item, in which you may choose
the time interval of AUTO measurement. After that, press NIBP button on the front panel
to start the AUTO measurement according to the selected time interval.
Warning
Prolonged non-invasive blood pressure measurements in Auto mode may be
associated with purport, ischemia and neuropathy in the limb wearing the cuff. When
monitoring a patient, examine the extremities of the limb frequently for normal color,
warmth and sensitivity. If any abnormality is observed, stop the blood pressure
measurements.
2.
To stop AUTO measurement:
In the process of AUTO measurement, press the NIBP button on the front panel at any
time to stop AUTO measurement.
3.
To start a MANUAL measuring:
„
Access the NIBP SETUP menu and pick the [INTERVAL] item. Pick the [MANUAL]
option. Then press the NIBP button on the front panel to start a MANUAL
measurement.
„
During the idle period of AUTO measurement process, press the NIBP button on the
front panel at any time to start a MANUAL measurement. After that, you can press
13-4
NIBP Monitoring
the NIBP button again to stop the MANUAL measurement and the system will
continue to execute AUTO measurement.
4.
To start a MANUAL measurement during AUTO measurement process:
Press the NIBP button on the front panel to start a MANUAL measurement.
5.
To stop a MANUAL measurement in the process
Press the NIBP button again to stop the MANUAL measurement.
6.
To start a CONTINUOUS measurement:
Access the NIBP SETUP menu and pick the [CONTINUAL] item to start a
CONTINUOUS measurement. The CONTINUOUS measurement will last 5 minutes.
Warning
Prolonged non-invasive blood pressure measurements in Auto mode may be
associated with purport, ischemia and neuropathy in the limb wearing the cuff. When
monitoring a patient, examine the extremities of the limb frequently for normal color,
warmth and sensitivity. If any abnormality is observed, stop the blood pressure
measurements.
7.
To stop CONTINUOUS measurement:
During CONTINUOUS measurement, press the NIBP button on the front panel at any
time to stop it.
Note
If you doubt accuracy of any reading(s), check the patient's vital signs by an alternative
method before checking the functioning of the monitor.
Warning
If liquid is inadvertently splashed on the equipment or its accessories, or may enter the
conduit or inside the monitor, contact local Customer Service Center.
Measurement Limitations
To different patient conditions, the oscillometric measurement has certain limitations. The
measurement is in search of regular arterial pressure pulse. In those circumstances when the
patient's condition makes it difficult to detect the pulse wave, the measurement becomes
unreliable and measuring time increases. You should be aware that the following conditions
could interfere with the measurement, making the measurement unreliable or longer to derive.
In some cases, the patient's condition will make a measurement impossible.
z
Patient Movement
Measurements will be unreliable or may not be possible if the patient is moving, shivering or
having convulsions. These motions may interfere with the detection of the arterial pressure
pulses. In addition, the measurement time will be prolonged.
z
Cardiac Arrhythmia's
Measurements will be unreliable and may not be possible if the patient's cardiac arrhythmia
13-5
NIBP Monitoring
has caused an irregular heartbeat. The measuring time thus will be prolonged.
z
Heart-lung Machine
Measurements will not be possible if the patient is connected to a heart-lung machine.
z
Pressure Changes
Measurements will be unreliable and may not be possible if the patient's blood pressure is
changing rapidly over the period of time during which the arterial pressure pulses are being
analyzed to obtain the measurement.
z
Severe Shock
If the patient is in severe shock or hypothermia, measurements will be unreliable since
reduced blood flow to the peripheries will cause reduced pulsation of the arteries.
z
Heart Rate Extremes
Measurements can not be made at a heart rate of less than 40 bpm and greater than 240
bpm.
z
Fat Patient
The thick fat under extremity may reduce the measurement accuracy because it may prevent
the oscillation generated in the artery from reaching the cuff.
13.2.2 NIBP monitoring screen
NIBP measurement result and corresponding message are displayed as follows:
Measurement time
NIBP
Measurement value
Measurement mode
Prompt
13.3
108
16: 50
84
mmHg
70
BP unit
NS
160
90
NS Alarm limit
MANUAL
Current cuff pressure
Manual measure ……
CUFF:100
NIBP SETUP menu
Pick the [NIBP] hot key on the screen to call up the NIBP menu shown as below:
13-6
NIBP Monitoring
Figure 13-3
NIBP SETUP Menu
■ NIBP alarm setups
• ALM: pick "ON", the system will give alarm prompt and store alarm information once
NIBP alarm occurs; pick "OFF", the system will not give any alarm information and
instead display a
beside “NIBP”.
• ALM LEV: selectable from HIGH, MED to LOW. HIGH represents the most serious
case.
• ALM REC: pick "ON", the system will command the recorder to output the alarm
information once NIBP alarm occurs.
• SYS ALM HI, SYS ALM LO, MEAN ALM HI, MEAN ALM LO, DIA ALM HI, DIA ALM LO
are for you to set up the alarm limit for each type of pressure. NIBP alarm is activated
when the pressure exceeds the upper alarm limit or falls below lower alarm limit.
NIBP alarm limits:
Adult Mode
SYS
40-270 mmHg
DIA
10-215 mmHg
Mean
20-235 mmHg
Pediatric Mode
SYS
40-200 mmHg
DIA
10-150 mmHg
Mean
20-165 mmHg
Neonatal Mode
■
SYS
40-135 mmHg
DIA
10-100 mmHg
Mean
20-110 mmHg
UNIT
13-7
NIBP Monitoring
Options are mmHg and kPa.
■
INTERVAL
Time
interval
for
AUTO
measurement.
Available
selections
are:
1/2/3/4/5/10/15/30/60/90/120/180/240/480 minutes. After selecting the INTERVAL, the
system will display the prompt “Please press START button” in the NIBP prompt area. At
this time, you can press the NIBP button on the front panel to start the first AUTO
measurement. Pick the [MANUAL] item in the list of INTERVAL and the system will end
AUTO measurement and restore MANUAL measurement mode.
■
INFLATION
Pick this item to choose the initial pressure when inflate the cuff next time. There are
different selections of the initial pressure.
Default initial
value
(mmHg/kPa)
Default
FACTORY
DEFAULT
ADU CONFIG
150
FACTORY
DEFAULT
PED CONFIG
100
FACTORY
DEFAULT
NEO CONFIG
70
USER DEFAULT
CONFIG
ADU
150
USER DEFAULT
CONFIG
PED
USER DEFAULT
CONFIG
NEO
100
70
Options for Initial value in NIBP MANUAL
menu
(mmHg/kPa)
80/100/120/140/150/160/180/200/220/240
80/100/120/140/150/160/180/200
60/70/80/100/120
80/100/120/140/150/160/180/200/220/240
80/100/120/140/150/160/180/200
60/70/80/100/120
Press the MENU hot key, the system enters the DEAULT menu of SYSTEM MENU, in
which you can select one of the six available configurations. After confirming your
selection, return to the main screen and pick the NIBP hot key in the NIBP area on the
main screen, the system will access the NIBP SETUP menu, in which the value shown in
the [INFLATION] item is the initial inflating pressure value corresponding to the selected
default configuration. Highlight the [INFALTION] item and pick it, you can see the initial
inflation range as shown above.
Warning
The [INFLATION] item is to help you to select the initial inflation pressure of the cuff for
the next time. However, the afterward initial pressure during measurement is based on
the previous measured SYS value of the same patient. The system will remember this
value so that the time required to measure the same patient can be reduced and also
the accuracy increased.
Warning
If you only make setup in the [PATIENT TYPE] item of the PATIENT SETUP menu but
13-8
NIBP Monitoring
not choose any option in DEFAULT, the system will automatically make initial setups
for the relevant modules as per PTIENT TYPE. Also, any change in the DEFAULT may
cause the PATIENT TYPE in PATIENT SETUP to change accordingly.
■
RESET
Restore measurement status of NIBP pump.
Pick this item to restore initial settings of the pressure pump.
When the pressure does not work properly and the system fails to give message for the
problem, pick this item to activate self-test procedure, thus restore the system from
abnormal performance.
■
CONTINUAL
Start CONTINUOUS measurement.
When this item is picked, the menu will disappear automatically and the CONTINUOUS
measurement start immediately.
■
CALIBRATE
It is recommended to use a calibrated pressure meter with the precision higher than
1mmHg to calibrate the device. Pick the [CALIBRATE] item to start the calibration
process and this item will display “STOP CAL”. If pick this item at this time, the system
will stop the calibration.
Warning
You shall calibrate NIBP measurement once every two years (or as required in your
hospital’s maintenance regulation). You shall check the performance according to
following information.
Procedures to calibrate Pressure Transducer:
Replace the cuff of the device with a rigid metal vessel with a capacity of 500 ml ± 5%.
Connect a calibrated reference manometer with an error less than 0.8 mmHg and a ball pump
by means of a T-piece connector and hoses to the pneumatic system. Set the monitor in
CALIBRATE mode. Inflate the pneumatic system to 0, 50 and 200 mmHg by ball pump
separately. The difference between the indicated pressure of the reference manometer and
the indicated pressure of the monitor will not exceed 3 mmHg. Otherwise, please contact our
customer service.
Monitor
NIBP cuff
connector
Hose
Ball pump
Figure 13-4
Reference
manometer
Metal vessle
Diagram of NIBP calibration
13-9
NIBP Monitoring
■
PNEUMATIC
This item is used for air leakage test. After connecting NIBP cuff, you can pick this item to
start NIBP inflating process so as to find if the NIBP airway is closed and in good
condition. If the test is successful, the system will not give any prompt. If the test is failed,
the system will display corresponding error message in the NIBP information area.
■
DEFAULT
Pick this item to enter the NIBP DEFAULT dialog box, in which you can choose factory
configuration or user configuration. After choosing one configuration, the system will
display a confirmation box for you to confirm your selection.
Warning
This pneumatic test other than being specified in the EN 1060-1 standard is to be used
by you to simply determine whether there are air leaks in the NIBP airway. If at the end
of the test the system gives the prompt that the NIBP airway has air leaks, please
contact the manufacturer for repair.
Procedure of the air leakage test:
1) Connect the cuff securely with the socket for NIBP air hole.
2) Wrap the cuff around the cylinder of an appropriate size.
3) Access the NIBP SETUP menu.
4) Turn the knob to the PNEUMATIC item and press the knob. Then the prompt “Pneum
testing…” will appear on the bottom of the NIBP parameter area indicating that the
system has started performing pneumatic test.
5) The system will automatically inflate the pneumatic system to about 180mmHg.
6) After about 20 seconds, the system will automatically open the deflating valve, which
marks the completion of a pneumatic measurement.
7) If no prompt appears on the bottom of the NIBP parameter area, it indicates that the
airway is in good situation and no air leaks exist. However if the prompt “PNEUMATIC
LEAK” appears in the place, it indicates that the airway may have air leaks. In this case,
you should check for loose connection. After confirming secure connections, you
should re-perform the pneumatic test. If the failure prompt still appears, please contact
the manufacturer for repair.
Cylinder
Monitor
NIBP cuff
connector
Figure 13-5
Hose
Cuff
Diagram of NIBP air leakage test
13-10
NIBP Monitoring
13.4
NIBP Alarm Message
Among physiological alarms, those belonging to the type that the parameter has exceeded
the limits may activate the recorder to automatically output the parameters and related
measured waveforms when the alarms occur under the condition that the alarm record switch
in the related menu is ON.
Tables below describe the possible physiological alarms, technical alarms and prompt
messages occurring during NIBP measurement.
Physiological alarms:
Message
Cause
NS TOO HIGH
NS TOO LOW
ND TOO HIGH
ND TOO LOW
NM TOO HIGN
NM TOO LOW
Alarm Level
NIBP SYS measuring value
is above upper alarm limit.
NIBP SYS measuring value
is below lower alarm limit.
NIBP DIA measuring value is
above upper alarm limit.
NIBP DIA measuring value is
below lower alarm limit.
NIBP MAP measuring value
is above upper alarm limit.
NIBP MAP measuring value
is below lower alarm limit.
Technical alarms 1: (display in Information area)
Alarm
Message
Cause
Level
NS ALM LMT
ERR
Functional safety failure
HIGH
NM ALM LMT
ERR
Functional safety failure
HIGH
ND ALM LMT
ERR
Functional safety failure
HIGH
User-selectable
User-selectable
User-selectable
User-selectable
User-selectable
User-selectable
Remedy
Stop using NIBP alarm function and
notify biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
Stop using NIBP alarm function and
notify biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
Stop using NIBP alarm function and
notify biomedical engineer or
Mindray service staff.
Technical alarms 2: (display in the area below the NIBP value)
Alarm
Remedy
Message
Cause
Level
Sensor
or
other
Stop using NIBP measurement
NIBP SELFTEST
hardware of NIBP HIGH function, notify biomedical engineer
ERR
module is incorrect.
or Mindray service staff.
If
failure
persists,
NIBP
Communication with
HIGH measurement, notify biomedical
NIBP COMM ERR
NIBP module is failed.
engineer or Mindray service staff.
Cuff is no properly
LOOSE CUFF
wrapped or no cuff LOW Properly wrap the cuff
exists.
Cuff,
hose
or
Check and replace the leaking parts,
AIR LEAK
connector
is LOW if
required,
notify
biomedical
damaged.
engineer or Mindray service staff.
13-11
NIBP Monitoring
AIR PRESSURE
ERROR
WEAK SIGNAL
RANGE
EXCEEDED
EXCESSIVE
MOTION
OVER PRESSURE
SIGNAL
STURATED
PNEUMATIC LEAK
NIBP SYSTEM
FAILURE
CUFF TYPE ERR
NIBP TIME OUT
NIBP ILLEGALLY
RESET
MEASURE FAIL
Stable pressure value
is not available. e.g.
hoses are tangled.
Cuff is too loose or
patient pulse is too
weak.
LOW
Check if the hoses are tangled, if
failure persists, notify biomedical
engineer or Mindray service staff.
LOW
Use other method to measure blood
pressure.
HIGH
Reset NIBP module, if failure
persists,
stop
using
NIBP
measurement
function,
notify
biomedical engineer or Mindray
service staff.
LOW
Make sure that the patient under
monitoring is motionless.
HIGH
Measure again, if failure persists,
stop using NIBP measurement
function and notify biomedical
engineer or Mindray service staff.
Excessive motion
LOW
Stop the patient from moving.
During
pneumatic
test, leak is detected.
LOW
Measuring
range
exceeds the specified
upper limit.
Affected
by
arm
motion, signal noise is
too large or pulse rate
is not regular.
Pressure
has
exceeded
the
specified upper safety
limit.
Operation of blood
pressure
pump
system is failed.
Cuff type does not
comply
with
the
patient type.
Measuring time has
exceeded
120
seconds (adult) or 90
seconds (neonatal).
Abnormal
module
reset
Problem
happens
when measuring the
curve. The system
cannot
perform
measurement,
analysis
or
calculation.
HIGH
Check and replace the leaking parts,
if
required,
notify
biomedical
engineer or Mindray service staff.
Stop using NIBP measurement
function, notify biomedical engineer
or Mindray service staff.
LOW
Select appropriate cuff type
HIGH
Measure again or
measuring method.
HIGH
Reset again
HIGH
Check the cuff. Make sure that the
patient
under
monitoring
is
motionless. Measure again.
use
Prompt message: (display in the prompt area below NIBP value)
Message
Cause
Manual measure
During manual measuring mode.
Cont measuring
During continuous measuring mode.
Auto measuring
During automatic measuring mode.
Please start
Meas over
Calibrating
After selecting interval between
measurements in MENU
Press START/STOP key during
measuring to stop measurement
During calibrating
13-12
Alarm Level
No alarm
other
NIBP Monitoring
Cal over
Pneu testing
Pneu test over
Resetting
Resseting
Reset failed
13.5
Calibration over
During pneumatic test
pneumatic test over
Resetting process after NIBP module
is loaded
In NIBP resetting process triggered
that you start manufally
NIBP module reset failed
Maintenance and Cleaning
Warning
■
Do not squeeze the rubber tube on the cuff.
■
Do not allow liquid to enter the connector socket at the front of the monitor.
■
Do not wipe the inner part of the connector socket when cleaning the monitor.
■
When the reusable cuff is not connected with the monitor, or being cleaned,
always place the cover on the rubber tube to avoid liquid permeation.
Reusable Blood Pressure Cuff
The cuff can be sterilized by means of conventional autoclaving, gas, or radiation sterilization
in hot air ovens or disinfected by immersion in decontamination solutions, but remember to
remove the rubber bag if you use this method. The cuff should not be dry-cleaned.
The cuff can also be machine-washed or hand-washed, the latter method may prolong the
service life of the cuff. Before washing, remove the latex rubber bag, and for
machine-washing, close the Velcro fastening. Allow the cuff to dry thoroughly after washing,
then reinsert the rubber bag. See figure 13-5, 13-6.
13-13
NIBP Monitoring
Figure 13-6
Replace Rubber Bag in Cuff
To replace the rubber bag in the cuff, first place the bag on top of the cuff so that the rubber
tubes line up with the large opening on the long side of the cuff. Now roll the bag lengthwise
and insert it into the opening on the long side of the cuff. Hold the tubes and the cuff and
shake the complete cuff until the bag is in position. Thread the rubber tubes from inside the
cuff, and out through the small hole under the internal flap.
Disposable Blood Pressure Cuffs
Disposable cuffs are intended for one-patient use only. Do not use the same cuff on any other
patient. Do not sterilize or use autoclave on disposable cuffs. Disposable cuffs can be cleaned
using soap solution to prevent infection.
Note
To protect the environment, the disposable blood pressure cuffs must be recovered or
disposed of properly.
13-14
Chapter 14
14.1
TEMP Monitoring
TEMP Monitoring
The monitor has only one TEMP measurement channel. You can use TEMP probe to
measure the body temperature of the patient.
TEMP monitoring setup
„
If you are using disposable TEMP probes, you need to plug the TEMP cable into the
monitor and then connect the probe to the cable. With a reusable TEMP probe you can
plug the probe directly into the monitor
„
Attach the TEMP probe securely to the patient.
„
Turn on the system power.
Warning
Check if the probe cable is in good condition before start monitoring. Unplug the
temperature probe cable from the socket, the system will display the error message
“TEMP SENSOR OFF” and give the audible alarm sound.
Note
Disposable TEMP probe can only be used once.
Warning
Hold the TEMP probe and cable carefully and lightly. If not use, you should coil up the
probe and cable into a loose circle. If the wire inside the cable is tensely pulled, it may
cause mechanical damage to the probe and the cable.
Warning
The TEMP module shall be calibrated once every two years (or as required by your
hospital’s regulation). When calibration is required, contact the manufacture please.
Note
The TEMP module will perform self-test once every 250 seconds in the monitoring
process. The self-test process will last 1 second. Self-test will not affect the normal
working of the TEMP module.
14-1
TEMP Monitoring
14.2
TEMP SETUP Menu
Turn the knob to highlight the TEMP hot key and push the knob to access the TEMP SETUP
menu.
Figure 14-1
TEMP SETUP Menu
■ TEMP alarm setting
■
ALM: pick "ON", the system will give alarm prompt and store the alarm information
once alarm occurs; pick "OFF", the system will not give alarm prompt and instead
display a
symbol beside TEMP.
■ ALM LEV: used to set up the alarm level, selectable from HIGH, MED or LOW.
■ ALM REC: used to start/stop recording TEMP alarms. Pick "ON", the system will
command the recorder to output the current TEMP alarm information.
■ The system gives TEMP alarms according to the preset upper and lower limits.
Once the TEMP value exceeds the upper limit or falls below the lower limit, the
system will give the alarm.
TEMP alarm limits:
TEMP
■
Max. TEMP HI
Min. TEMP LO
Step
50ºC
0ºC
0.1ºC
UNIT
To set temperature unit (ºC or ºF).
■
DEFAULT
Please refer to “DEFAULT” part in “ECG/TEMP Monitoring” for detailed information.
14.3
TEMP Alarm message
When the alarm recording switches are set to ON in relevant menus, those physiological
alarms generated because the parameter goes beyond the alarm limit will trigger the recorder
to automatically output the alarming parameter value and the corresponding waveforms.
14-2
TEMP Monitoring
Tables below show the possible physiological alarms, technical alarms and prompt messages
occurring during TEMP measurement.
Physiological alarms:
Message
TEMP TOO HIGH
TEMP TOO LOW
Cause
Alarm Level
Measuring value of sensor is above upper
alarm limit.
Measuring value of sensor is below lower
alarm limit.
User-selectable
User-selectable
Technical alarms:
Alarm Message
TEMP SENSOR
OFF
TEMP ALM LMT
ERR
Cause
Temperature
cable
may be disconnected
from the monitor.
Functional safety failure
Alarm
Level
Remedy
LOW
Make sure that the cable is
properly connected.
HIGH
Stop using TEMP alarm
function, notify biomedical
engineer or Mindray service
staff.
Prompt message:
Message
TEMP EXCEED
14.4
Cause
Measuring value
measuring range.
of
sensor
Alarm Level
is
beyond
HIGH
Maintenance and Cleaning
Warning
Turn off the monitor and disconnect the line power before cleaning the monitor or the
probe.
Reusable TEMP Probes
1
The TEMP probe should not be heated above 100℃ (212℉). It should only be
2
The probe must not be sterilized in steam.
3
Only detergents containing no alcohol can be used for disinfection.
4
The rectal probes should be used, if possible, in conjunction with a protective rubber
subjected briefly to temperatures between 80℃ (176℉) and 100℃ (212℉).
cover.
5
To clean the probe, hold the tip with one hand and hold the moist lint-free cloth with the
other hand to clean the probe downward in the direction toward the connector.
14-3
TEMP Monitoring
Note
Do not re-sterilize or reuse the disposable TEMP probe.
Note
To protect the environment, the disposable TEMP probe must be recovered or
disposed of properly.
14-4
Chapter 15
Accessories
It is recommended to use following accessories on the Monitor.
Warning
Please use the specified accessories listed below with this patient monitor. The device
will be possibly damaged or lead some harm if any other accessories are used.
15.1
ECG Accessories
Description
PN
Monitoring Electrode (10 electrodes per pack)
0010-10-12304
Monitoring Electrode (Pediatric, 2245, 25 electrodes per pack)
9000-10-07469
Monitoring Electrode (Neonatal, 2258-3, 3 electrodes per pack)
900E-10-04880
3 Lead Leadwires of snap AHA (LL-22363)
9000-10-07445
6 Pin 3 Lead ECG Cable (LL-2325)
0509-10-00093
3 Lead Leadwires of snap IEC
9000-30-07470
6P 3 Lead ECG Cable with no resistance AHA
0010-30-12242
6P 3 Lead ECG Cable IEC with no resistance
0010-30-12243
6P 3 Lead ECG Cable with 1K resistance AHA
0010-30-12246
6P 3 Lead ECG Cable with 1K resistance IEC
0010-30-12247
6P ECG Trunk Cable with no resistance
0010-30-12256
6P ECG Trunk Cable with 1K resistance
0010-30-12257
3 Lead AHA Leadwires of clip
0010-30-12263
3 Lead IEC Leadwires of clip
0010-30-12265
3 Lead AHA Leadwires of snap
0010-30-12267
3 Lead IEC Leadwires of snap
0010-30-12269
6Pin 3-lead separable trunk cable with 1k resistance
0010-30-12377
6Pin 3-lead separable trunk cable with no resistance
0010-30-12378
Neonate 3-lead AHA leadwire of clip
0010-30-12381
Neonate 3-lead IEC leadwire of clip
0010-30-12382
Pediatric 3-lead AHA leadwire of clip
0010-30-12383
Pediatric 3-lead IEC leadwire of clip
0010-30-12384
Pediatric 3-lead AHA leadwire of snap
0010-30-12385
15-1
Accessories
Description
PN
Pediatric 3-lead IEC leadwire, snap-on
0010-30-12386
Long 3-lead AHA leadwire of clip
0010-30-12388
Long 3-lead IEC leadwire of clip
0010-30-12390
Crocodile clip
9101-21-58104
15.2
SpO2 Accessories
Description
PN
DS-100A Adult SpO2 Sensor (Reusable)
9000-10-05161
OXI-P/I Pediatric/Infant Sensor and Sensor Wraps
9000-10-07308
OXI-A/N Adult/Neonatal Sensor and Sensor Wraps
9000-10-07336
Multisite SpO2 Sensor (Reusable, 518A)
518A-30-90226
Finger SpO2 Sensor (Reusable, 512B)
512B-30-90134
Finger SpO2 Sensor (Reusable, 512D)
512D-30-90200
Small SPO2 Ear Sensor (ES-3212-9)
0010-10-12392
6Pin SpO2 Cable
512D-30-16752
Reusable Pulse Oximeter Sensor For Veterinary (FS-03, KTMED)
9101-10-58133
Veterinary Oxygen Sensor and Veterinary Sensor Clips (NELLCOR,
Vetsat (V-SAT))
9101-10-58134
15.3
NIBP Accessories
Description
PN
NIBP Hose
509B-30-06259
Neonatal NIBP Hose
509B-30-06260
Infant 10 to 19 cm Arm Circumference (CM1201)
0010-30-12157
Child 18 to 26 cm Arm Circumference (CM1202)
0010-30-12158
Adult 25 to 35 cm Arm Circumference (CM1203)
0010-30-12159
Large Adult 33 to 47 cm Arm Circumference (CM1204)
0010-30-12160
Adult Thigh 46 to 66 cm Arm Circumference (CM1205)
0010-30-12161
M1872A Disposable Cuff (Size #4/7.1-13.1cm)
900E-10-04873
M1870A Disposable Cuff (Size #3/5.8-10.9cm)
900E-10-04874
M1868A Disposable Cuff (Size #2/4.3-8.0cm)
900E-10-04875
M1868A Disposable Cuff (Size #1/3.1-5.7cm)
900E-10-04876
15-2
Accessories
Description
PN
W.A.BAUM Adult (Size 25-35cm Arm Circumference)
0010-30-12059
W.A.BAUM Child (Small Size 18-26 cm Arm Circumference)
0010-30-12060
W.A.BAUM Infant (Size 10-19cm Arm Circumference)
0010-30-12061
Cuff without connector (Adult, CM1203, 25-35cm)
0010-10-12146
Cuff without connector (Infant, CM1201, 10-19cm)
0010-10-12147
Cuff without connector (Child, CM1202, 18-26cm)
0010-10-12148
Cuff without connector (Large Adult, CM1204, 33-47cm)
0010-10-12149
Cuff without connector (Adult Thigh, CM1205, 46-66cm)
0010-10-12150
Disposable Soft-cuff (REF2121, 3-6cm,GE)
9101-10-58117
Disposable Soft-cuff (REF2122, 4-8cm,GE)
9101-10-58118
Disposable Soft-cuff (REF2124, 6-11cm,GE)
9101-10-58119
Disposable Soft-cuff (REF2125, 7-13cm,GE)
9101-10-58120
Disposable Soft-cuff (REF2126, 8-15cm,GE)
9101-10-58121
15.4
TEMP Accessories
Description
PN
REF 427 Reusable Temperature Probe -Skin (Pediatric)
0010-10-12124
REF 401 Reusable Temperature Probe -Esophagesal /Rectal (Adult)
0509-10-00095
REF 402 Reusable Temperature Probe -Esophagesal /Rectal (Pediatric)
6000-10-01969
REF 409B Reusable Temperature Probe -Skin (Adult)
900E-10-04881
Adult reusable esophageal/rectal temperature probe
0011-30-90440
Pediatric/neonatal reusable esophageal/rectal temperature probe
0011-30-90441
Adult reusable skin-surface temperature probe
0011-30-90442
Pediatric/neonatal reusable skin-surface temperature probe
0011-30-90443
Reusable temperature probe extension cable
0011-30-90444
Disposable esophageal/rectal temperature probe
0011-30-90446
Disposable skin-surface temperature probe
0011-30-90447
15-3
Accessories
FOR YOUR NOTES
15-4
Appendix A CE Marking
The patient monitor bears CE mark indicating its conformity with the provisions of 84/539/EEC
and 2004/108/EC.
The patient monitor is in radio-interference protection class A in accordance with EN55011.
The product complies with the requirement of standard EN60601-1-2 “Electromagnetic
Compatibility – Medical Electrical Equipment”.
A-1
CE Marking
FOR YOUR NOTES
A-2
Appendix B
1
Product Specification
Classification
Anti-electroshock type
Class I equipment and internal powered equipment
EMC type
Class A
Anti-electroshock degree
ECG (RESP), SpO2, NIBP, TEMP: CF
Harmful liquid proof degree
Ordinary equipment (sealed equipment without liquid proof)
Disinfection/sterilizing method
Refer to Chapter 11 ~ Chapter 14 for details.
Working system
Continuous running equipment
2
Specifications
2.1
Size and Weight
2.2
Size
258(W) x 118(D) x 244(H) mm
Weight
5.0 kg (max)
Environment
Temperature
Working
0 ~ 40 °C
Transport and Storage -20 ~ 60 °C
Humidity
Working
15% - 95 % (noncondensing)
Transport and Storage 10% - 95 % (noncondensing)
Altitude
Working
-500 to 4,600m
Transport and Storage -500 to 13,100m
Power Supply
100~240 VAC, 50/60 Hz,
Pmax=80VA
FUSE T 3.15A
2.3
Display
Screen
8.4 in. TFT display , 800×600 Resolution
B-1
Product Specification
Messages
4 Waveforms Maximum
1 Alarm LED (Yellow/Red)
1 Working LED (Green)
1 Charge LED (Green)
3 Sound Modes corresponding to Alarm Modes
2.4
Battery
Rechargeable 2.3 A/Hr 12V Lead-Acid battery
Operating time
120 minutes under the normal use and full charge;
About 5 ~ 15 minutes after the first alarm of low battery
Charge time
2.5
Approximately 6hrs in the running status
Recorder
Record Width
48 mm
Paper Speed
25/50 mm/s
Trace
2
Recording types:
Continuous real-time recording
8 second real-time recording
Auto 8 second recording
Parameter alarm recording
Waveform freeze recording
Trend graph/table recording
ARR events review recording
Alarm event review recording
NIBP review recording
Drug Calculation and titration table recording
Monitor status recording
2.6
Recall
Trend Recall
Short
1 hrs, 1 s or 5 s. Resolution
Long
72 hrs, 1 Min. Resolution
Alarm Event Recall
60 alarm events of all parameters and 8/16/32seconds
of corresponding waveform.
NIBP Measurement Recall
400 NIBP measurement data
Power-off Storage
72 hours of trend data, 400 NIBP measurement data,
60 alarm events and 60 Arr. events
B-2
Product Specification
2.7
ECG
Lead Mode
3 Leads (R, L, F or RA, LA, LL)
Lead selection
I, II, III
Waveform
1 ch
Gain
×2.5mm/mV, ×5.0mm/mV, ×10mm/mV, ×20mm/mV,
AUTO
HR and Alarm
Range
Adult
15 ~ 300 bpm
Neo/Ped
15 ~ 350 bpm
Accuracy
±1% or ±1bpm, use the greater
Resolution
1bpm
Sensitivity
≥200 (uV P-P)
Differential Input Impedance
> 5 MΩ
CMRR
Monitor
≥ 105 dB
Surgery
≥ 105 dB
Diagnostic
≥ 90 dB
DC offset voltage
±300mV
Patient leakage current
< 10 uA
Recovery time after defibrillation < 3 s
ECG Signal Range
±5 m V (Vp-p )
Frequency Response (Bandwidth)
Surgery
1 ~ 15 Hz
Monitor
0.5 ~ 35 Hz
Diagnostic
0.05 ~ 100 Hz
Calibration Signal
1 m V (Vp-p), Accuracy: ±5%
ST Segment Monitoring
Measure and Alarm Range -2.0 ~ +2.0 mV
Precision
–0.8 ~ +0.8mV: ±0.02mV or ±10%,
whichever is greater.
Beyond this range: Undefined
Update period
10s
ARR Detecting
Type
ASYSTOLE, VFIB/VTAC, VPB, COUPLET, VT>2,
BIGEMINY, TRIGEMINY, R ON T, MISSED BEATS,
TACHY, BRADY, PNC, PNP
Alarm
Available
Review
Available
B-3
Product Specification
2.8
RESPARATION (RESP)
Method
Impedance between R-F (RA-LL)
Measuring Impedance Range:
0.3~5.0Ω
Base line Impedance Range:
200 ~ 1500Ω
Bandwidth
0.2 ~ 2 Hz
Resp. Rate
Measuring and Alarm Range
Adult
0 ~ 120 BrPM
Neo/Ped
0 ~ 150 BrPM
Resolution
1 BrPM
Accuracy
0 to 6 BrPM: Undefined
7 to 150 BrPM: ±2 BrPM or ±2%, whichever is greater
Apean Alarm delay
2.9
10 ~ 40 s
NIBP
Method
Oscillometric
Mode
MANUAL, AUTO, CONTINUOUS
Measuring Interval in AUTO Mode
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240,480 (Min)
Measuring Period in CONTINUOUS Mode
5 Min
Alarm Type
SYS, DIA, MEAN
Measuring range
Adult Mode
SYS
40 ~ 270 mmHg
DIA
10 ~ 210 mmHg
MEAN
20 ~ 230 mmHg
Pediatric Mode
SYS
40 ~ 200 mmHg
DIA
10 ~ 150 mmHg
MEAN
20 ~ 165 mmHg
Neonatal Mode
SYS
40 ~ 135 mmHg
DIA
10 ~ 100 mmHg
MEAN
20 ~ 110 mmHg
Resolution
Pressure
1mmHg
Accuracy
Pressure
Maximum Mean error
±5mmHg
B-4
Product Specification
Maximum Standard deviation
8mmHg
Overpressure Protection
2.10
Adult Mode
297±3 mmHg
Pediatric Mode
240±3 mmHg
Neonatal Mode
147±3 mmHg
SpO2
Measuring Range
0 ~ 100 %
Alarm Range
0 ~ 100 %
Resolution
1%
Accuracy
70% ~ 100%: ±2 %
0% ~ 69%: unspecified
Update period
about 1 s
Pulse Rate
2.11
Measuring Range
20~254bpm
Resolution
1bpm
Accuracy
±3bpm
TEMPERATURE
(TEMP)
Channel
1
Measuring and Alarm Range
0 ~ 50 °C
Resolution
0.1°C
Accuracy
±0.1°C
Update period
about 1 s
B-5
Product Specification
FOR YOUR NOTES
B-6
Appendix C
EMC Declaration
The equipment meets the requirements of IEC 60601-1-2:2001.
Note
Use of accessories, transducers, and cables other than those specified may result in
increased emission or decreased immunity of the equipment.
Note
The equipment should not be used adjacent to or stacked with other equipment, and if
adjacent or tacked use is necessary, the equipment should be observed to verify normal
operation in the configuration in which it will be used.
Note
The equipment needs special precautions regarding EMC and needs to be installed and
put into service according to the EMC information provided below.
Note
The equipment may be interfered by other equipment, even if that other equipment
complies with CISPR emission requirements.
Note
Operation of the device, in the case that the patient physiological signal is lower than
the minimum amplitude or value specified in the product specifications, may cause
inaccurate results.
Note
Portable and mobile RF communications equipment can affect this monitor.
C-1
EMC Declaration
TABLE 1
Guidance and MINDRAY declaration — electromagnetic emissions
The equipment is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below.
The customer or the user of the equipment should assure that it is used in such an
environment.
Emissions test
RF emissions
Compliance
Group1
CISPR 11
Electromagnetic environment — guidance
The equipment uses RF energy only for its internal
function. Therefore, its RF emissions are very low
and are not likely to cause any interference in
nearby electronic equipment.
RF emissions
Class A
CISPR 11
Harmonic
establishments other than domestic and those
Class A
directly connected to the public low-voltage power
supply network that supplies buildings used for
Emissions
domestic purposes.
IEC61000-3-2
Voltage
The equipment is suitable for use in all
Compliance
Fluctuations/Flicker
Emissions IEC
61000-3-3
C-2
EMC Declaration
TABLE 2
Guidance — electromagnetic immunity
The equipment is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below.
The customer or the user of the equipment should assure that it is used in such an
environment.
Immunity test
IEC 60601 Test
Compliance
Electromagnetic environment
level
level
— guidance
Electrostatic
±6 kV contact
±6 kV contact
Floors should be wood, concrete
Discharge
±8 kV air
±8 kV air
or ceramic tile. If floors are
(ESD) IEC
covered with synthetic material,
61000-4-2
the relative humidity should be at
least 30%.
Electrical fast
±2 kV for power
±2 kV for power
Mains power quality should be
Transient/burst
supply lines
supply lines
that of a typical commercial or
IEC 61000-4-4
±1 kV for
±1 kV for
hospital environment.
input/output lines
input/output
(>3m).
lines (>3m)
Surge IEC
±1 kV differential
±1 kV different
Mains power quality should be
61000-4-5
mode
mode
that of a typical commercial or
±2 kV common
±2 kV common
hospital environment.
mode
mode
Voltage dips,
<5% UT
<5% UT
Mains power quality should be
Short
(>95% dip in UT)
(>95% dip in
that of a typical commercial or
interruptions
for 0.5 cycle
UT) for 0.5 cycle
hospital environment. If the
and voltage
40% UT
40% UT
user of our product requires
variation on
(60% dip in UT)
(60% dip in UT)
continued operation during
power supply
for 5 cycle
for 5 cycle
power mains interruptions, it is
70% UT
70% UT
(30% dip in UT)
(30% dip in UT)
for 25 cycle
for 25 cycle
<5% UT
<5% UT
(>95% dip in UT)
(>95% dip in
for 5 sec
UT) for 5 sec
3 A/m
3 A/m
input lines IEC
61000-4-11
Power
recommended that our product
be powered from an
uninterruptible power supply or a
battery.
Power frequency magnetic fields
frequency
should be at levels characteristic
(50/60 HZ)
of a typical location in a typical
magnetic field
commercial or hospital
IEC 61000-4-8
environment.
NOTE — UT is the a.c. mains voltage prior to application of the test level.
C-3
EMC Declaration
TABLE 3
Guidance — electromagnetic immunity
The equipment is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below.
The customer or the user of the equipment should assure that it is used in such an
environment
Immunity
IEC 60601
Complia
test
Test level
nce level
Electromagnetic environment — guidance
Portable and mobile RF communications
equipment should be used no closer to any part of
the equipment, including cables, than the
recommended separation distance calculated from
Conduced
3 Vrms
RF IEC
150kHz to
61000-4-6
80MHz
the equation applicable to the frequency of the
3 Vrms
transmitter.
Recommended separation distance
d = 1.2 x
P
d = 1.2 x
P 80 MHz to 800 MHz
d = 2.3 x
P 800 MHz to 2.5GHz
where P is the maximum output power rating of the
transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter
manufacturer and d is the recommended separation
Radiated
3 V/m
RF IEC
80MHz to
61000-4-3
2.5GHz
distance in meters (m).
3V/m
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as
determined by an electromagnetic site survey, a
should be less than the compliance level in each
frequency range b Interference may occur in the
vicinity of equipment marked with the following
symbol:
Note — At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
Note — These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is
affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.
a Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/cordless)
telephones and land mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV
broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy. To assess the electromagnetic
environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be
considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which the equipment is used
exceeds the applicable RF compliance level above, the equipment should be observed to
verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional measures may
be necessary, such as reorienting or relocating the equipment.
b Over the frequency ranges 150kHz to 80MHz, field strengths should be less than 3V/m.
C-4
EMC Declaration
TABLE 4
Recommended separation distances between portable and mobile RF
communication and the equipment
The equipment is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF
disturbance are controlled. The customer or the user of the equipment can help prevent
electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between portable and
mobile RF communication equipment (transmitters) and the equipment as recommended
below, according to the maximum output power of the communication equipment.
Separation Distance According to Frequency of Transmitter
Rated Maximum
M (Meters)
Output power of
150kHz -80MHz
80MHz -800MHz
800MHz -2.5GHz
(Watts)
d = 1.2 P
d = 1.2 P
d = 2.3 P
0.01
0.12
0.12
0.23
0.1
0.37
0.37
0.74
1
1.17
1.17
2.34
10
3.69
3.69
7.38
100
11.67
11.67
23.34
Transmitter W
For transmitters at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation
distanced in meters (m) can be determined using the equation applicable to the frequency
of the transmitter, where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts
(W) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
Note — At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range
applies.
Note — These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is
affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.
C-5
EMC Declaration
FOR YOUR NOTES
C-6
Appendix D
PROMPT
System Alarm Prompt
CAUSE
"XX TOO HIGH"
XX value exceeds the higher
alarm limit.
"XX TOO LOW"
XX value is below the lower
alarm limit.
MEASURE
Check if the alarm limits are
appropriate and the current situation
of the patient.
XX represents the value of parameter such as HR, ST, RR, SpO2, NIBP, etc in the system.
"ECG WEAK SIGNAL"
“NO PULSE”
"RESP APNEA"
The ECG signal of the
patient is too small so that
the system can not perform
ECG analysis.
The pulse signal of the
patient is too small so that
the system can not perform
pulse analysis.
The respiration signal of the
patient is too small so that
the system cannot perform
RESP analysis.
"ASYSTOLE"
Patient suffers from Arr. Of
ASYSTOLE.
"VFIB/VTAC"
Patient suffers from Arr. of
VFIB/VTAC.
"BIGEMINY"
Patient suffers from Arr. Of
BIGEMINY.
"TRIGEMINY"
Patient suffers from Arr. of
TRIGEMINY.
"R ON T"
Patient suffers from Arr. of
R ON T.
"PVC"
Patient suffers from Arr. of
PVC.
"COUPLET"
Patient suffers from Arr. of
COUPLET.
"TACHY"
Patient suffers from TACHY.
" BRADY"
Patient suffers from BRADY.
"VT>2"
Patient suffers from Arr. of
VT>2.
D-1
Check if the electrodes and lead wires
are connected correctly and the
current situation of the patient.
Check the connection of the sensor
and the current situation of the
patient.
Check the connection of the linking
wire and the current situation of the
patient.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the current situation of
patient. Check the connection of
electrodes and lead wires.
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
System Alarm Prompt
“MISSED BEATS”
Patient suffers from Arr. of
MISSED BEATS.
"PNP"
The pacemaker is not paced.
"PNC"
No pacemaker
captured.
"ECG LEAD OFF"
"ECG LL LEAD OFF";
"ECG LA LEAD OFF";
"ECG RA LEAD OFF";
"ECG F LEAD OFF";
"ECG L LEAD OFF";
"ECG R LEAD OFF";
"SPO2 SENSOR OFF"
"SEARCH PULSE"
"TEMP SENSOR OFF"
signal
is
ECG lead is not connected
correctly.
The LL lead wire of ECG is
not connected correctly.
The LA lead wire of ECG is
not connected correctly.
The RA lead wire of ECG is
not connected correctly.
The F lead wire of ECG is
not connected correctly.
The L lead wire of ECG is
not connected correctly.
The R lead wire of ECG is
not connected correctly.
SPO2
sensor
is
connected correctly.
SPO2
sensor
is
connected correctly or
patient arm moves.
TEMP
sensor
is
connected correctly.
not
not
the
not
"ECG NOISE"
Rather large interference
signals appear in the ECG
signals.
"XX INIT ERR X"
XX has error
initialization.
"XX COMM STOP"
XX cannot communicate with
the host.
"XX COMM ERR"
XX cannot communicate
normally with the host.
X
Check the current situation of the
patient. Check the connection of the
electrodes and lead wires.
Check the connection of the
pacemaker.
Check the connection of electrodes
and lead wires. Check the current
situation of the patient.
Check the connection of the
pacemaker.
Check the connection of electrodes
and lead wires. Check the current
situation of the patient.
Check the connection of ECG lead
wire.
Check the connection of LL lead wire.
Check the connection of LA lead wire.
Check the connection of RA lead wire.
Check the connection of F lead wire.
Check the connection of L lead wire.
Check the connection of R lead wire.
Check the connection
sensor.
Check the connection
sensor. Check the current
the patient.
Check the connection
sensor.
of
SpO2
of SpO2
situation of
of
TEMP
Check the connection of ECG lead
wire. Check the current situation of
the patient. Check if the patient
moves a lot.
during
Re-start up the monitor or re-plug
in/out the module. If the error still
exists, contact the manufacturer.
XX represents all the parameter modules in the system such as ECG, NIBP, SpO2, etc.
"XX ALM LMT ERR"
"XX RANGE
EXCEEDED"
The alarm limit of
parameter is modified
chance.
The measured value of
parameter has exceeded
measuring range of
system.
D-2
XX
by
XX
the
the
Contact the manufacturer for repair.
Contact the manufacturer for repair.
System Alarm Prompt
XX represents the parameter name in the system such as HR, ST, RR, SpO2, NIBP, etc.
When the system displays
2000-1-1,
the
system
gives
this
prompt
reminding the user that the
current system time is not
right.
The system has no cell
battery or the battery has
run out of the capacity.
Re-set up the system time. It is better
to set up the time just after the
start-up and prior to monitoring the
patient. After modifying the time, the
user had better re-start up the monitor
to avoid storing error time.
"SYSTEM WD FAILURE"
"SYSTEM
SOFTWARE
ERR"
"SYSTEM CMOS FULL"
"SYSTEM CMOS ERR"
"SYSTEM
EPGA
FAILURE"
"SYSTEM FAILURE2"
"SYSTEM FAILURE3"
"SYSTEM FAILURE4"
"SYSTEM FAILURE5"
"SYSTEM FAILURE6"
"SYSTEM FAILURE7"
"SYSTEM FAILURE8"
"SYSTEM FAILURE9"
"SYSTEM FAILURE10"
"SYSTEM FAILURE11"
"SYSTEM FAILURE12"
The system has serious
error.
Re-start up the system. If the failure
still exists, contact the manufacturer.
"KEYBOARD
AVAILABLE";
The keys on the keyboard
cannot be used.
Check the keys to see whether it is
pressed manually or by other object.
If the key is not pressed abnormally,
contact the manufacturer for repair.
"KEYBOARD
COMM
ERR";
"KEBOARD ERROR";
"KEYBOARD ERR1";
"KEYBOARD ERR2";
The keyboard has failure,
which cannot be used.
Contact the manufacturer for repair.
"5V TOO HIGH"
"5V TOO LOW"
"POWER ERR3"
"POWER ERR4"
"12V TOO HIGH"
"12V TOO LOW"
"POWER ERR7"
"POWER ERR8"
"3.3V TOO HIGH"
"3.3V TOO LOW"
The power part of the
system has failure.
If the prompt appears repeatedly,
contact the manufacturer for repair.
"REAL
NEEDSET"
"REAL
EXIST"
CLOCK
CLOCK
NOT
NOT
"RECORDER SELFTEST
ERR"
During the selftest, the
system fails connecting
with the recorder module.
D-3
Install or replace the rechargeable
battery.
Execute ‘Clear Record Task’ function
in the recorder setup menu to
re-connect the host and the recorder.
If the failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair.
System Alarm Prompt
"RECORDER VLT HIGH"
"RECORDER VLT LOW"
The recorder module has
voltage failure.
"RECORDER HEAD HOT"
The continuous recording
time may be too long.
"REC HEAD IN WRONG
POSITION"
"RECORDER
PAPER"
"RECORDER
JAM"
OUT
OF
PAPER
"RECORDER
ERR"
The handle for
the paper is not
down.
No paper is
recorder.
The paper in the
is jammed.
pressing
pressed
in
the
recorder
COMM
"RECORDER S. COMM
ERR"
"RECORDER
W.P."
PAPER
"REC NOT AVAILABLE"
The communication of the
recorder is abnormal.
"NIBP COMM ERR"
"LOOSE CUFF"
"AIR LEAK"
"AIR
ERROR"
PRESSURE
"WEAK SIGNAL"
Place the paper into the recorder.
Place the recorder correctly and try
again.
In the recorder setup menu, execute
the function of clearing record task.
The function can make the host and
the recorder connect again. If the
failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair.
Place the paper roll in the correct
position.
Cannot communicate with
the recorder.
In the recorder setup menu, execute
the function of clearing record task.
The function can make the host and
the recorder connect again. If the
failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair.
NIBP initialization error
Execute the reset program in the
NIBP menu. If the failure still exists,
contact the manufacturer for repair.
"NIBP SELFTEST ERR"
ILLEGALLY
After the recorder becomes cool, use
the recorder for output again. If the
failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair.
Press down the recorder handle for
pressing the paper.
The paper roll of the
recorder is not placed in
the correction position.
"NIBP INIT ERR"
"NIBP
RESET"
Contact the manufacturer for repair.
During
NIBP
measurement, illegal reset
occurs.
The NIBP communication
part has problem.
The NIBP cuff is not
connected correctly.
The NIBP cuff is not
connected correctly or
there are leaks in the
airway.
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
D-4
Check the airway of NIBP to see if
there are clogs. Then measure again,
if the failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair.
Execute the reset program in the
NIBP menu. If the failure still exists,
contact the manufacturer for repair.
Re-connect the NIBP cuff.
Check the connection of each part or
replace with a new cuff. If the failure
still exists, contact the manufacturer
for repair.
Check the connection of each part or
replace with a new cuff. If the failure
still exists, contact the manufacturer
for repair.
Check if the setup of patient type is
correct. Check the connection of each
part or replace with a new cuff. If the
failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair
System Alarm Prompt
"RANGE EXCEEDED"
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
"EXCESSIVE MOTION"
The patient arm moves.
"OVER PRESSURE"
Perhaps folds exist in the
airway.
"SIGNAL SATURATED"
"NIBP TIME OUT"
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
"CUFF TYPE ERR"
Perhaps the used cuff
does not fit the setup
patient type.
"PNEUMATIC LEAK"
NIBP airway has leaks.
"MEASURE FAIL"
"NIBP SYSTEM FAILURE"
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
Problem happens when
measuring the curve. The
system cannot perform
measurement, analysis or
calculation.
D-5
Check the connection of each part or
replace with a new cuff. If the failure
still exists, contact the manufacturer
for repair.
Check the connection of each part
and the patient situation. Measure
again, if the failure still exists, contact
the manufacturer for repair.
Check for the smoothness in the
airway and patient situation. Measure
again, if the failure still exists, contact
the manufacturer for repair.
Check the connection of each part
and the patient situation. Measure
again, if the failure still exists, contact
the manufacturer for repair.
Check the connection of each part
and the patient situation. Measure
again, if the failure still exists, contact
the manufacturer for repair.
Check if the patient type is set up
correctly. Check the connection of
each part or replace with a new cuff. If
the failure still exists, contact the
manufacturer for repair.
Check the connection of each part or
replace with a new cuff. If the failure
still exists, contact the manufacturer
for repair.
Check the connection of each part
and the patient situation. Measure
again, if the failure still exists, contact
the manufacturer for repair.
Check the connection of each part
and the patient situation. Measure
again, if the failure still exists, contact
the manufacturer for repair.
System Alarm Prompt
FOR YOUR NOTES
D-6
P/N: M1K5-20-78305 (1.0)
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