Appendix B3 - SeaBird SBE25 CTD Manual

SBE 33 Carousel
Deck Unit
For use with the SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler
User’s Manual
Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
1808 136th Place NE
Bellevue, Washington 98005 USA
Telephone: 425/643-9866
Fax: 425/643-9954
Manual Version #006, 03/06/06
SBE 33/36 Firmware Version 2.0 and later
E-mail: seabird@seabird.com
SBE 33/36 NMEA Firmware Version 2.3 and later
Website: www.seabird.com
Limited Liability Statement
Extreme care should be exercised when using or servicing this equipment. It should be used or serviced
only by personnel with knowledge of and training in the use and maintenance of oceanographic
electronic equipment.
SEA-BIRD ELECTRONICS, INC. disclaims all product liability risks arising from the use or servicing
of this system. SEA-BIRD ELECTRONICS, INC. has no way of controlling the use of this equipment
or of choosing the personnel to operate it, and therefore cannot take steps to comply with laws
pertaining to product liability, including laws which impose a duty to warn the user of any dangers
involved in operating this equipment. Therefore, acceptance of this system by the customer shall be
conclusively deemed to include a covenant by the customer to defend, indemnify, and hold SEA-BIRD
ELECTRONICS, INC. harmless from all product liability claims arising from the use or servicing of
this system.
2
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Section 1: Introduction ........................................................................ 5
About this Manual .............................................................................................5
How to Contact Sea-Bird ...................................................................................5
Unpacking SBE 33.............................................................................................6
Section 2: Description of SBE 33 ........................................................ 7
System Description ............................................................................................7
Specifications.....................................................................................................8
System Communications ...................................................................................9
SBE 33 Front Panel..........................................................................................10
SBE 33 Back Panel ..........................................................................................10
Section 3: Setting Up System ............................................................ 11
Installing Software...........................................................................................11
Setting CTD Baud Rate and Operating Parameters .........................................12
Setting Dip Switches - General Information....................................................14
Setting SBE 33 Receiver PCB Dip Switch ......................................................14
Checking CTD Configuration (.con) File in SEASAVE .................................15
Mounting SBE 33 ............................................................................................16
Wiring System .................................................................................................16
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and
Surface PAR ....................................................................................... 18
Setting NMEA Interface PCB Dip Switch.......................................................18
Baud Rate - NMEA Interface PCB to Computer ......................................18
Data Bits and Parity – NMEA Interface PCB to Computer......................18
NMEA Message to Decode ......................................................................19
NMEA Interface Menu Time Out Mode...................................................19
Data to Add to Hex String from CTD.......................................................19
Optional Surface PAR Light Sensor ................................................................20
NMEA Operating Modes.................................................................................20
Testing NMEA and System Setup ...................................................................21
Troubleshooting NMEA Interface ...................................................................23
Problem 1: Yellow NMEA Transmit LED Not Flashing ..........................23
Problem 2: Yellow NMEA Transmit LED Flashing,
but Lat/Lon Data Not Displaying .............................................................23
Setting Up CTD Configuration (.con) File ......................................................24
Section 5: Operating System ............................................................. 25
Acquiring Real-Time Data and Firing Bottles from SEASAVE......................25
Firing Bottles from SBE 33 Front Panel..........................................................29
Uploading CTD Data from Memory................................................................30
Processing Data Using SBE Data Processing ..................................................30
Editing Raw Data File......................................................................................31
Section 6: Troubleshooting................................................................ 32
Problem 1: SEASAVE Does Not Collect Any Data ........................................32
Problem 2: SBE 33 Completely Inoperable .....................................................32
Problem 3: Carousel or CTD Does Not Respond ............................................32
3
Table of Contents
Glossary .............................................................................................. 33
Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device Message and
Data Formats...................................................................................... 34
Message Formats .............................................................................................34
Data Formats....................................................................................................35
Appendix II: NMEA Message Simulation Program ...................... 36
Appendix III: Replacement Parts..................................................... 38
Index.................................................................................................... 39
4
Section 1: Introduction
Section 1: Introduction
This section includes contact information and photos of a standard
SBE 33 shipment.
About this Manual
This manual is to be used with the SBE 33 Carousel Deck Unit.
It is organized to guide the user from installation through operation. We’ve
included detailed specifications, setup and operation descriptions, and helpful
notes throughout the manual.
Sea-Bird welcomes suggestions for new features and enhancements of our
products and/or documentation. Please e-mail any comments or suggestions to
seabird@seabird.com.
How to Contact Sea-Bird
Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
1808 136th Place Northeast
Bellevue, Washington 98005 USA
Telephone:
Fax:
E-mail:
Website:
425-643-9866
425-643-9954
seabird@seabird.com
http://www.seabird.com
Business hours:
Monday-Friday, 0800 to 1700 Pacific Standard Time
(1600 to 0100 Universal Time)
Except from April to October, when we are on summer time
(1500 to 0000 Universal Time)
5
Section 1: Introduction
Unpacking SBE 33
Shown below is a typical SBE 33 shipment. Inclusion of test cables, cables for
optional interfaces, etc. is dependent on the order.
SBE 33 Carousel Deck Unit
SBE 33 power cable
Rack mount kit (screws
not shown)
25-pin to 9-pin adapter
(for use with computer
with DB-25 connector)
Computer to SBE 33 cable for
Serial Data & Carousel Data connectors
(2 cables / SBE 33)
SBE 33 to Carousel
test cable
Sea Cable connector
(at SBE 33 end of cable)
NMEA Input Interface test
cable (optional)
SBE 33 Carousel
Deck Unit
SBE 33 Manual
6
Software, and Electronic Copies of
Software Manuals and User Manual
Section 2: Description of SBE 33
Section 2: Description of SBE 33
This section describes the functions and features of the SBE 33 Carousel Deck
Unit, as well as system communications.
System Description
The SBE 33 Carousel Deck Unit provides power and real-time data acquisition
and control for an SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler which has the SBE 33
interface option installed in its pylon. The SBE 33 is compatible with all
Carousel sizes - standard (up to 24 bottles), compact, and sub-compact. When
powered and controlled by the SBE 33, the Carousel can be used with:
• SBE 19, 19plus, or 25 CTD
• No CTD
• Neil Brown MK III CTD (requires an optional interface; contact Sea-Bird)
The system provides real-time data telemetry and surface power for the CTD,
and permits Carousel control through the SBE 33 and via our SEASAVE
software. Bottles may be fired sequentially or any order.
The rack-mountable SBE 33 supplies DC power for the underwater unit,
decodes the serial data, and passes the data to a computer. The SBE 33 rearpanel switch permits operation from 120 VAC or 240 VAC 50/60 Hz input
power. The front-panel LED display indicates which bottles have been fired.
Note:
The NMEA Interface is not
available when the optional
Neil Brown MK III CTD interface
is installed.
As an option, the SBE 33 includes a NMEA Interface that merges position
data with CTD data; the NMEA Interface decodes messages that are output
from navigation devices supporting NMEA 0183 protocol. If the NMEA
Interface is included, the SBE 33 may also include an optional A/D converter
for a Surface PAR light sensor; the SBE 33 supplies 12 volts to power the
sensor. Decoded position data (latitude, longitude) and Surface PAR data are
appended to the CTD data stream in the SBE 33, and are passed to the
computer for storage and/or display with the CTD data.
Note:
Connection to two COM ports
on the computer is required.
COM1 (CTD data channel) and
COM2 (Carousel command
channel) are the defaults, and are
shown in the diagram for
illustration only. You can use any
two ports, in any order; set up the
COM port configuration in
SEASAVE to correspond.
7
Section 2: Description of SBE 33
The SBE 33 contains Analog, Receiver, and optional NMEA Interface PCBs.
The Receiver PCB interfaces to the sea cable. As described above, the NMEA
Interface PCB interfaces to a NMEA navigation device and optional Surface
PAR sensor. Communication parameters are set with dip switches on the
Receiver and NMEA Interface PCBs. The SBE 33 transmits data to / receives
data from the computer at the following communications settings:
• CTD data - 4800 or 9600 baud, 7 or 8 data bits, and no or even parity.
• Carousel data – 300 baud, 8 data bits, and no parity.
Notes:
• Help files provide detailed
information on SEATERM,
SEASAVE, and SBE
Data Processing.
• NMEATest, a NMEA
navigation device simulation
program, is part of the SBE
Data Processing installation.
• Separate software manuals
on CD-ROM contain detailed
information on the setup and
use of the software.
• Sea-Bird also supplies a
DOS software package,
SEASOFT-DOS. However, all
procedures for software use
in this manual refer to the
Windows programs.
The SBE 33 is supplied with a powerful Win 95/98/NT/2000/XP software
package, SEASOFT-Win32, which includes:
• SEATERM – terminal program for easy setup.
• SEASAVE – program for acquiring, converting, and displaying real-time
or archived raw data.
• SBE Data Processing – program for calculation and plotting of
conductivity, temperature, pressure, auxiliary sensor data, and derived
variables such as salinity and sound velocity.
NOTE:
The SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler can be used with several Sea-Bird CTD
types, and can be controlled in several ways:
Data Acquisition
and Control
Real-Time
CTD
Control
SBE 9plus
SBE 11plus Deck Unit
SBE 19 / 19plus / 25
Neil Brown MK III
SBE 33 Deck Unit
(this manual)
None
SBE 9plus
Autonomous
(no conducting
wire required)
SBE 17plus V2 SEARAM
SBE 19 / 19plus / 25
SBE 50 Pressure Sensor
Auto Fire Module (AFM)
PN 90208
None
For details on the Carousel use for each combination, see the appropriate
control manual (this manual, or SBE 11plus, SBE 17plus V2, or AFM manual).
Specifications
The SBE 33 supplies a constant 250 VDC power to the sea cable. The
Carousel receives this voltage (minus the sea cable IR drop) and regulates it to
a constant 64 VDC. This 64 VDC is input to a high-efficiency DC/DC
converter, which outputs + 15 VDC. The +15 VDC is the supply voltage to the
CTD. Approximately 1 amp, in addition to CTD power, is available at the
CTD for support of auxiliary sensors.
Power Input
120 VAC or 240 VAC 50/60 Hz (selectable)
Sea Cable
Compatibility
Single or multi-core armored cable up to 10,000 m (32,800 ft) long
with inner core resistance of up to 350 ohms
SBE 33
Dimensions
and Weight
89 mm (3.5 inch) high cabinet with standard 19-inch rack
mounting brackets
89 mm high x 432 mm wide x 381 mm deep (3.5 x 17 x 15 inches);
Feet add 13 mm (0.5 inches) to height;
Rack mount ears add 51 mm (2 inches) to depth
9.0 kg (20 lbs)
8
Section 2: Description of SBE 33
System Communications
System communications are summarized below:
(Factory
default in
SBE 33
is 4800
baud.)
SBE 33 without Optional NMEA Interface
(Factory default in
SBE 33 is 9600 baud.)
(DPSK = differential phase shift keyed; FSK = frequency shift keyed)
Note:
Data bits and parity for Serial Data
Channel between SBE 33 NMEA
Interface PCB and computer must
match data bits and parity of CTD
(8 data bits and no parity for
SBE 19plus; 7 data bits and
even parity for SBE 19 or 25)
SBE 33 with Optional NMEA Interface
When sending commands to the Carousel to reset the system or to fire bottles,
the SBE 33 sets the most significant bit low.
9
Section 2: Description of SBE 33
SBE 33 Front Panel
Looking at the SBE 33 front panel:
Note:
Bottles can also be fired
from the computer using
SEASAVE real-time data
acquisition software.
•
Bottle to Fire pushbutton switch - selects which bottle to fire when Fire
button is pushed; if set to 99, SBE 33 will fire bottles in sequential order
•
Fire button - fires bottles
•
Reset button - resets system; place Bottle to Fire switch to 00 before
pressing Reset
•
Power button - turns power to the SBE 33 on/off
•
LEDs - indicate if the SBE 33 is communicating with other parts of
the system:
¾ Red bottle number LEDs (1, 2, etc.) - flash when the associated bottle
is fired
¾ Yellow NMEA Transmit LED - (if optional NMEA Interface PCB is
installed) flashes when a carriage return character (decimal 13) is
received from the NMEA navigation device
¾ Green Serial Data LED - flashes when a carriage return character
(decimal 13) is received from the CTD through the Carousel
¾ Yellow Carousel Data LED - flashes when a message (such as a
bottle fire confirmation) is received from the Carousel
SBE 33 Back Panel
Looking at the connections to the SBE 33 back panel:
•
SBE 33 communication with the computer is provided in two RS-232
channels. The Carousel Data channel sends commands to and receives
replies from the SBE 32 Carousel. The Serial Data channel sends
commands to and receives replies from the CTD (through the Carousel).
•
NMEA Input connects to an optional NMEA navigation device.
•
PAR Input connects to an optional Surface PAR sensor.
•
Sea Cable connects to the SBE 32 Carousel.
•
AC Input is 120 VAC or 240 VAC 50/60 Hz (selectable)
10
Section 3: Setting Up System
Section 3: Setting Up System
This section covers:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Installing Sea-Bird software
Setting the baud rate in the CTD
Setting the SBE 33 dip switches
Setting up the CTD configuration (.con) file
Mounting the SBE 33
Wiring the system
Installing Software
Recommended minimum system requirements for running SEASOFT-Win32:
Pentium 90 CPU, 64 Mbyte RAM, Windows 98 or later.
If not already installed, install Sea-Bird software programs on your computer
using the supplied software CD.
Notes:
• Help files provide detailed
information on SEATERM,
SEASAVE, and SBE Data
Processing.
• NMEATest, a NMEA navigation
device simulation program, is part of
the SBE Data Processing
installation.
• Separate software manuals on CDROM contain detailed information on
the setup and use of the software.
• Sea-Bird also supplies a DOS
software package, SEASOFT-DOS.
However, all procedures for software
use in this manual refer to the
Windows programs.
1.
With the CD in your CD drive, double click on Seasoft-Win32.exe.
2.
Follow the dialog box directions to install the software.
Install all the components, or just install SEATERM (terminal program),
SEASAVE (real-time data acquisition), and SBE Data Processing (data
processing). The default location for the software is c:/Program Files/Sea-Bird.
Within that folder is a sub-directory for each program.
11
Section 3: Setting Up System
Setting CTD Baud Rate and Operating Parameters
Carousel communication with the CTD is at 600, 1200, 2400, or 4800 baud.
For the most efficient operation, set the CTD baud rate to 4800 baud.
CTD Baud Rates
Compatible with
Carousel / SBE 33
CTD
600 or 1200
3.0d and later, programmable
600, 1200, or 4800
3.1d and later (but not 4.0 series),
programmable
600, 1200, 2400, or 4800
Prior to 3.0d, contact Sea-Bird for
instructions on changing baud rate
if necessary
SBE 19
SBE
19plus
CTD Firmware Version
1200, 2400, or 4800
All versions, programmable
600, 1200, or 4800
3.0K and later, programmable
SBE 25
600, 1200, 2400, or 4800
Prior to 3.0K, contact Sea-Bird for
instructions on changing baud rate
if necessary
The baud rate for Carousel communication with the CTD must be set in
both the CTD and on the SBE 33 Receiver PCB. See Setting SBE 33
Receiver PCB Dip Switch below for dip switch settings for baud rate.
To set (if programmable) and/or verify the CTD baud rate, and establish CTD
operating parameters:
1.
Connect the CTD directly to the computer, using the data I/O cable
supplied with the CTD.
2.
Double click on Seaterm.exe. If this is the first time the program is used,
the setup dialog box may appear:
SBE19plus
Select the CTD and the computer COM port for communication with the
CTD. Click OK.
12
Section 3: Setting Up System
3.
The main screen looks like this (example shown is for SBE 19plus):
Menus
Toolbar
Command/Data Echo Area
Status bar
Computer
COM port
Instrument
Instrument
firmware version
Notes:
• A dip switch in the SBE 33 is
factory-set to command the
Carousel to communicate with the
CTD at 4800 baud. The setting in
the SBE 33 must match the baud
rate programmed in the CTD.
For the most efficient operation,
keep the baud at 4800 baud if it is
feasible for the CTD. See Setting
SBE 33 Receiver PCB Dip Switch.
• Once all baud rates are set, you can
also communicate with and change
the setup of the CTD through the
SBE 33 and Carousel using
SEATERM. See Testing NMEA and
System Setup in Section 4: Setting
Up Optional NMEA Interface and
Surface PAR.
Note:
The SBE 19plus must be set to
OUTPUTFORMAT=0 (raw hex data)
for use with the SBE 33 and Carousel.
Upload
parameter
Capture
to file
status –
grayed
out if not
capturing
Baud rate, data bits,
stop bits, and parity
4.
In the Configure menu, select the appropriate CTD.
5.
In the dialog box, click the COM settings tab. Select the firmware version,
COM port, baud rate, data bits, and parity (see the CTD’s configuration
sheet). Click OK to save the settings and exit the dialog box.
6.
In the Communications menu, select Options / Cycle baud
when connecting.
7.
Click Connect on the Toolbar. SEATERM tries to connect to the CTD at
the baud set in Step 5. If it cannot, it cycles through all other possible
baud rates to try to connect. An S> prompt shows that communication has
been established.
8.
Look at the connection baud rate in the Status bar. If this is not a baud that
can be used with the Carousel (600, 1200, 2400, or 4800), change the
baud in the CTD. The command to change the baud is given below for
CTDs with programmable baud (contact Sea-Bird for instructions on
older CTDs):
• SBE 19 - Send SBn, where n =1 (600 baud), 2 (1200 baud), or
6 (4800 baud - for firmware version 3.1d and above in the 3.0 series;
not applicable to the 4.0 series).
• SBE 19plus - Send BAUD=x, where x =1200, 2400, or 4800.
• SBE 25 - Send SRx, where x=1 (600 baud), 2 (1200 baud), or
4 (4800).
9.
Click Connect on the Toolbar again, and verify that the Status bar shows
the new baud rate. Record the baud rate - you must also set the CTD baud
rate on the SBE 33 Receiver PCB (see Setting SBE 33 Receiver PCB
Dip Switch).
10. Establish other setup and logging parameters for the CTD
(see the CTD manual).
11. Send QS to put the CTD in quiescent (sleep) state.
13
Section 3: Setting Up System
Setting Dip Switches - General Information
WARNING!
Life-threatening high voltages are
present in the SBE 33 and the
underwater units when power is
on. These hazardous voltages
persist for up to 1 minute after
removal of power. To protect
against electrical shock,
disconnect the AC power cord
from the SBE 33 and then wait a
full minute before attempting
service. Always disconnect the AC
power cord before checking fuses.
A switch is ON when pushed in at the position number.
For example, in the photo below:
• positions 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8 are ON
• positions 5, 6, and 7 are OFF.
Setting SBE 33 Receiver PCB Dip Switch
Note:
If the optional NMEA Interface PCB is
installed in the SBE 33:
• Baud rate between the SBE 33 and
computer is set by a dip switch on the
NMEA Interface PCB instead of on
the Receiver PCB.
• Baud rate between the SBE 33
Receiver PCB and optional NMEA
Interface PCB is factory set to 9600
baud and cannot be changed.
See Section 4: Setting Up Optional
NMEA Interface and Surface PAR.
A 4-position dip switch on the Receiver PCB (accessed by removing the
SBE 33 top cover) sets the baud rate between:
•
•
SBE 33 and computer (if optional NMEA Interface PCB is not installed)
Baud Rate
Dip Switch Setting - Position 4
9600
ON (factory default)
4800
OFF
CTD and SBE 32 Carousel
The Serial Data baud rate between the Carousel and CTD is factory-set in
the SBE 33 to 4800 baud. Upon power-up, the SBE 33 reads this switch
setting and automatically sends a command (listed in the Carousel
manual) to the Carousel pylon to set its baud rate. For the most efficient
operation, keep the baud rate at 4800 baud if it is feasible for
the CTD.
Dip Switch Setting
Baud Rate
Dip Switch on Receiver PCB – set for factory
default 9600 baud between SBE 33 & computer
(position 4 ON) and factory default 4800 baud
between CTD & Carousel (position 1 & 2 OFF)
Position 1
Position 2
600
ON
ON
1200
OFF
ON
2400
ON
OFF
4800 (factory default)
OFF
OFF
The baud rate for Carousel communication with the CTD must be set
in both the CTD and on the SBE 33 Receiver PCB. See Setting CTD
Baud Rate and Operating Parameters above for CTD setup.
14
Section 3: Setting Up System
Checking CTD Configuration (.con) File in SEASAVE
Note:
When Sea-Bird ships a new
CTD, we include a .con file that
reflects the current CTD
configuration as we know it. The
.con file is named with the CTD
serial number, followed with the
.con extension. For example, for
a CTD with serial number 2375,
Sea-Bird names the .con file
2375.con. You may rename the
.con file if desired; this will not
affect the results.
SEASAVE, Sea-Bird’s real-time data acquisition and display program,
requires a .con file, which defines the CTD - auxiliary sensors integrated with
the instrument, and channels, serial numbers, and calibration dates and
coefficients for all the integrated sensors (conductivity, temperature, and
pressure as well as auxiliary sensors). SEASAVE (as well as our data
processing software) uses the information in the .con file to interpret and
process the raw data. If the .con file does not match the actual instrument
configuration, the software will not be able to interpret and process the
data correctly.
To verify the contents of the .con file:
1.
Double click on Seasave.exe.
2.
In SEASAVE’s Configure menu, select New Style Instrument
Configuration/Select Instrument Configuration. In the dialog box, select
the appropriate .con file and click Open.
3.
In the Configure menu, select Modify Selected Instrument Configuration.
The configuration dialog box appears (example shown is for SBE 19plus).
Verify that the sensors match those on your instrument, and that auxiliary
sensors are assigned to the correct channels. Verify that the calibration
coefficients for all the sensors are up-to-date.
Channel/Sensor table
reflects this choice.
• Surface PAR - Select if SBE 33
includes optional Surface PAR
channel, and Surface PAR sensor
is being used. Adds 2 channels to
Channel/Sensor table. Do not
increase External Voltage
Channels to reflect this; External
Voltage Channels reflects only
external voltages going directly to
CTD from auxiliary sensors.
• NMEA - Select if SBE 33 includes
optional NMEA interface, and
NMEA navigation device is
being used.
See Section 4: Setting Up Optional
NMEA Interface and Surface PAR.
Shaded sensors cannot be removed
or changed to another type of sensor.
All others are optional.
Click a (non-shaded)
sensor and click
Select to pick a
different sensor for
that channel. A dialog
box with a list of
sensors appears.
Select sensors after
number of voltage
channels have been
specified above.
Click a sensor
and click Modify
to view/change
calibration
coefficients for
that sensor.
4.
Click Save or Save As to save any changes to the .con file.
15
Section 3: Setting Up System
Mounting SBE 33
Detachable rack mount ears are provided for mounting the Deck Unit to
standard 19-inch electronics bays.
Wiring System
WARNING!
Life threatening voltage
(+250 VDC) is present on the sea
cable when the SBE 33 is
powered. This voltage persists
for up to 1 minute after removing
power. Verify that the SBE 33 is
disconnected from the AC power
source before connecting the
sea cable to the SBE 33. Unplug
the AC power cord and wait
1 minute after power is removed
before working on the SBE 33
sea cable connector or sea
cable circuits.
Sea Cable from SBE 33 to Carousel
Mold the bottom end of the sea cable to the 2-pin pigtail (RMG-2FS for
standard connector) supplied with the Carousel. Connect positive power
(+, cable inner conductor) to the small pin (black on the pigtail) and negative
power (-, cable armor) to the large pin (white on the pigtail). If you
inadvertently connect the power with the wrong polarity, no damage will be
done, because there is a protective diode in series with the + power line.
However, the system will not work until the condition is corrected. For safety
reasons and for the most reliable performance, Sea-Bird strongly
recommends use of the cable armor for the Carousel/CTD data and
power return.
Make a secure mechanical connection between the cable armor and the
Carousel lifting bail. Connect the sea cable to the Carousel pylon, using care to
dress the cable termination so that it will not be pinched by the shackle or
clevis. Install a cotter pin or seize the shackle securely.
Terminate the sea cable leads from the winch slip rings with the supplied 2-pin
connector (MS3106A12S-3P). Connect positive power (+, cable inner
conductor) to pin B and negative power (-, cable armor) to Pin A. Connect to
Sea Cable on the SBE 33 rear panel.
SBE 33 to Computer
SBE 33 communication with the computer is provided in two RS-232
channels. The Carousel Data channel sends commands to and receives replies
from the SBE 32 Carousel. The Serial Data channel sends commands to and
receives replies from the CTD (through the Carousel). Connect the computer
to Carousel Data and Serial Data on the SBE 33 rear panel using the
supplied cables.
Optional NMEA Navigation Device to SBE 33
Connect the NMEA navigation device to NMEA Input on the SBE 33 rear
panel with the supplied 2-pin connector (MS3106A12S-3S). The connector pin
designations are:
SBE 33
Pin A
Pin B
Function
NMEA A (signal)
NMEA B (signal return)
16
Section 3: Setting Up System
Optional Surface PAR Sensor to SBE 33
Connect the Surface PAR sensor to PAR Input on the SBE 33 rear panel.
A 4-pin connector (MS3106A14S-2P) was supplied if a cable was not
provided. The connector pin designations are:
Deck
Unit
Function
Pin A
Pin B
Biospherical Surface
PAR Sensor with
Switchcraft Connector
Pin 3
Pin 4
Signal (ground)
Power (+12 volts)
Power (ground) – SBE 33 with NMEA
PCB Assembly 40785b/40786b or
Pin C
Pin 1
greater use pin C. All previous versions
do not use pin C.
Pin D
Signal
Pin 2
Pin 5
Note: Biospherical sold the Surface PAR sensor with other connector types in
the past. See the appropriate drawing for pinout details if your sensor does not
have a Switchcraft connector.
Carousel to CTD
Note:
The CTD optical isolation feature
(SBE 25 - standard; SBE 19 optional) must be disabled when
the CTD is used with the Carousel:
1. Open the CTD main housing.
2. Solder a jumper wire across the
neon bulb on the above board.
See the CTD manual for details on
accessing the above board and for
the board schematic.
This note is not applicable to the
SBE 19plus.
WARNING!
Some oceanographic vessels
isolate (un-ground) the AC power
ground circuit. If the SBE 33 is
being installed on a vessel with
an isolated AC power ground, a
secure separate ground
connection must be made
between the SBE 33 chassis and
the ship’s hull for SAFETY
REASONS.
Connect the CTD’s data I/O connector to the Carousel’s 4-pin connector using
the cable supplied with the CTD / Carousel.
Power to SBE 33
Verify that the SBE 33 rear panel power selector switch is in the correct
position for your mains power source. Connect power to the AC Input
connector on the SBE 33 rear panel using the supplied cable.
CAUTION:
Connecting an SBE 33 set for
120 volts to a 240 volt power supply
will cause severe damage to the
SBE 33.
17
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA
Interface and Surface PAR
As an option, the SBE 33 may include a NMEA 0183 Interface that permits
position data to be merged with the CTD data; the NMEA Interface is
designed to decode messages output from navigation devices supporting
NMEA 0183 protocol. If the NMEA Interface is included, an optional A/D
converter for a Surface PAR light sensor may also be added to the SBE 33.
The decoded Latitude and Longitude and Surface PAR data can be appended
to the CTD data stream in the SBE 33 and passed to the computer for storage
and/or display with the CTD data. The Yellow NMEA Transmit LED on
the SBE 33 front panel flashes each time a NMEA message is received
(should be the same rate at which your navigation device is transmitting).
The SBE 33 appends the same NMEA message multiple times, until a
new message is decoded.
Example: A navigation device outputs its NMEA message once every
5 seconds. The Yellow NMEA Transmit LED flashes every 5 seconds, and the
same message is appended to each scan of CTD data within that 5 seconds.
Setting NMEA Interface PCB Dip Switch
WARNING!
Life-threatening high voltages are
present in the SBE 33 and the
underwater units when power is on.
These hazardous voltages persist
for up to 1 minute after removal of
power. To protect against electrical
shock, disconnect the AC power
cord from the SBE 33 and then wait
a full minute before attempting
service. Always disconnect the AC
power cord before checking fuses.
An 8-position dip switch on the NMEA Interface PCB (accessed by removing
the SBE 33 bottom cover) sets the NMEA Interface PCB-to-computer baud rate
and the NMEA Interface operating parameters.
Baud Rate - NMEA Interface PCB to Computer
Baud Rate
NMEA Interface PCB Dip Switch Position 5
9600 (factory default)
ON
19200
OFF
Data Bits and Parity – NMEA Interface PCB to Computer
Data bits and parity between the SBE 33 and computer must match the data
bits and parity used by the CTD:
Dip Switch on NMEA Interface PCB – set for:
• factory default RMC message
(positions 1 & 2 OFF, position 3 ON)
• factory default do not time out
(position 4 ON)
• factory default 9600 baud between NMEA
Interface PCB & computer (position 5 ON)
• factory default 8 data bits and no parity
between NMEA Interface PCB & computer
(position 6 OFF)
• Add Lat/Lon data to CTD data string
(position 7 OFF, position 8 ON)
For use with
Data bits and parity
between SBE 33 and
Computer
NMEA Interface PCB
Dip Switch Position 6
SBE 19 or
25
7 data bits, even parity
ON
SBE 19plus
8 data bits, no parity
(factory default)
OFF
18
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
NMEA Message to Decode
Message to Decode
NMEA Interface PCB Dip Switch
Position 1
Position 2
Position 3
GGA - Global Positioning
System Fix Data
ON
ON
ON
GLL - Geographic Position:
Latitude/Longitude
OFF
ON
ON
RMA - Recommended Minimum
Specific Loran-C Data
ON
OFF
ON
RMC (factory default) Recommended Minimum
Specific GPS/TRANSIT Data
OFF
OFF
ON
TRF - TRANSIT Fix Data
ON
ON
OFF
If you are not sure which NMEA messages your navigation device is sending,
see Troubleshooting NMEA Interface for information on viewing the raw
NMEA message using the NMEA interface’s diagnostic mode.
NMEA Interface Menu Time Out Mode
Time Out Mode affects the behavior of the SBE 33 while communicating with
it from the NMEA Interface menu. See Testing NMEA and System Setup for
use of the NMEA Interface menu.
Menu Time Out Mode
NMEA
Interface PCB
Dip Switch Position 4
Do not time out (factory default)
ON
If no reply is received within 30 seconds,
time out and set mode to Add Lat/Lon to Hex Data
OFF
Data to Add to Hex String from CTD
Note:
You can override these settings
with Sea-Bird software:
• In SEATERM, in the NMEA
Interface menu, Lat/Lon and/or
Surface PAR data transmission
is determined by the mode.
• In SEASAVE, Lat/Lon and/or
Surface PAR data transmission
is determined by the setting
in the CTD configuration
(.con) file.
Data to Add to Hex String from CTD
NMEA Interface PCB
Dip Switch
Position 7
Position 8
Do not add Lat/Lon or Surface PAR data
ON
ON
Add Lat/Lon data
OFF
ON
Add Surface PAR data
ON
OFF
Add Lat/Lon and Surface PAR data
OFF
OFF
Surface PAR and position data are appended to the end of the CTD data, with
the position data always last. Surface PAR data is 3 bytes (6 hex characters).
Position data format is detailed in Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device
Message and Data Formats.
19
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
Optional Surface PAR Light Sensor
When configured with the optional A/D converter, the SBE 33 can acquire the
0 to 5 volt output of a Biospherical (QSR-240, QCR-240, QSR-2200, or
QCR-2200) Surface PAR sensor, append it to the CTD data stream, and
pass it to the computer for storage and/or display with the CTD data.
SEASOFT-Win32, and Versions 4.214 and later of SEASOFT-DOS, fully
support acquisition and display of data from a Biospherical Surface PAR sensor.
As described above, set position 8 on the NMEA Interface PCB’s dip switch to
OFF to add Surface PAR voltage to the data stream, increasing the number of
Hex data bytes by three (Surface PAR data is 6 hex characters).
NMEA Operating Modes
The NMEA Interface has three normal operating modes and two diagnostic
modes. The mode is set in the NMEA Interface menu while communicating with
the SBE 33 with SEATERM (see Testing NMEA and System Setup below).
The modes are:
Notes:
• In SEATERM, use the @
character to access and exit
the NMEA Interface menu.
• To enter diagnostic modes (4 or
5), first put the NMEA Interface
in Mode 3. Then, enter a 4 or 5
at the mode selection prompt.
• To exit diagnostic modes
(4 or 5), turn off power to the
SBE 33.
• In the NMEA Interface menu,
Diagnostic level 1 = Mode 4
Diagnostic level 2 = Mode 5
Type
Operating
Mode
Description
1: Echo only
(default
power-up
mode)
Characters to and from CTD pass through
NMEA Interface. No position or Surface PAR
data is sent. Useful for setting up CTD without
needing to disconnect CTD from system and
connect it directly to computer.
2: Add
Lat/Lon
and/or
Surface
PAR to
hex data
7 bytes of hex latitude/longitude data are added
to each line of hex data from CTD. Used when
position data is required with CTD data.
If optional Surface PAR interface installed,
3 bytes of Surface PAR hex data also added.
3: Transmit
Lat/Lon
only
Data from CTD is not transmitted. Hex
latitude/longitude data is converted to ASCII
text whenever a new position is received from
NMEA navigation device. Format is:
LAT 47 37.51 N
LON 122 09.41 W
If NMEA message RMC is decoded, date and
time display on next line with this format:
DDMMYY HHMMSS
Diagnostic
4 (diagnostic
level 1):
Transmit
raw NMEA
message
only
All NMEA messages received are echoed to
computer in raw form. Used to determine
which NMEA messages are being received by
NMEA Interface.
5 (diagnostic
level 2):
Transmit
raw and
decoded
NMEA
message
All NMEA messages received are echoed to
computer in raw form. If a correct NMEA
message is received, decoded data displays
below raw data. Decoded format same as for
Mode 3.
20
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
Testing NMEA and System Setup
Note:
The SBE 33 must be connected to
the Carousel to test the NMEA
interface. If it is not connected,
noise on the open Sea Cable
connector will interfere with
communication with the SBE 33.
After connecting the NMEA navigation device, SBE 33, computer, Carousel,
and CTD, run SEATERM.
1.
Double click on seaterm.exe.
2.
In the Configure menu, select the SBE 33.
A. In the Configuration Options dialog box, click on the COM
Settings tab.
B. Set the COM Settings to the same values as the Serial Data Channel
in the SBE 33:
• Comm Port – for connection to SBE 33 Serial Data channel
• 9600 (default) or 19200 baud - match the value set on position 5
on the SBE 33 NMEA Interface PCB dip switch
• 7 or 8 data bits, and no or even parity – match the value set on
position 6 on the SBE 33 NMEA Interface PCB dip switch
Click OK to save the settings and exit the dialog box.
3.
Turn on power to the SBE 33. The display in SEATERM looks like this:
SBE 33/36 NMEA interface V2.3 setup:
PC baud rate = 9600
interboard baud rate = 9600
8 data bits, no parity
NMEA message to decode = RMC
Mode = echo only
Surface PAR disabled
NMEA decoding enabled
Press @ to change the NMEA interface setup
SBE 33 V2.0 power on
Looking at selected lines:
Text
Description
PC baud rate
Baud for communication between computer and
NMEA Interface PCB - set on NMEA Interface PCB
switch position 5 to 9600 or 19200
Interboard
baud rate
Baud for communication between NMEA Interface
and Receiver PCBs - factory set to 9600
8 data bits,
no parity
Data bits and parity for communication between
computer and NMEA Interface PCB –
set on NMEA Interface PCB switch position 6 to
8 data bits and no parity or 7 data bits and even parity
(must match data bits and parity of CTD)
NMEA message
to decode
Set on NMEA Interface PCB switch positions 1 to 3 must match output from NMEA navigation device
Mode =
echo only
Surface PAR
disabled
NMEA decoding
enabled
21
Default power-up mode, used to set up CTD
Surface PAR and NMEA are enabled/disabled with
NMEA Interface PCB switch positions 7 and 8
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
4.
Type @ to access the NMEA Interface menu. The display looks like this:
NMEA interface set up menu:
1. Echo characters to and from the instrument
2. Add Lat/Lon and/or PAR to the real-time HEX data
from the instrument
3. Transmit Lat/Lon only
the current mode = 1. Echo characters to and from the
instrument
enter 1, 2, or 3 to change the NMEA interface box mode,
or press @ to exit the set up menu
selection =
5.
Type 3 and press the Enter key to switch to mode 3. The display looks
like this:
NMEA interface set up menu:
1. Echo characters to and from the instrument
2. Add Lat/Lon and/or PAR to the real-time HEX data
from the instrument
3. Transmit Lat/Lon only
the current mode = 3. Transmit Lat/Lon only
enter 1, 2, or 3 to change the NMEA interface box mode,
or press @ to exit the set up menu
selection =
6.
Type @ to exit the menu. You should begin seeing position data display
in SEATERM. Each time position data is received, the yellow NMEA
Transmit LED on the SBE 33 should flash. If the data is correct and is
updating properly, the NMEA interface is working.
• If position data does not appear, verify that the SBE 33 is connected
to the NMEA navigation device and that the proper cable is used.
• See Troubleshooting NMEA Interface for additional instructions.
7.
When finished testing the NMEA navigation device, verify that the
system is connected properly to the CTD:
A. Type @ to return to the NMEA Interface menu.
B. Type 1 and press the Enter key to switch to mode 1 (echo characters
to and from the instrument).
C. Type @ to exit the NMEA Interface menu.
D. Press the Enter key several times to establish communication with the
CTD (through the SBE 33 and Carousel).
E. Type DS and press Enter to display the CTD status. If the status
information displays and is correct, the system is connected properly.
F. Send QS to put the CTD in quiescent (sleep) state.
8.
Turn off the SBE 33.
22
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
Troubleshooting NMEA Interface
Problem 1: Yellow NMEA Transmit LED Not Flashing
Cause/Solution 1: Wiring may be incorrect. Check cables and connections
between the SBE 33, NMEA navigation device, and computer.
Cause/Solution 2: NMEA navigation device may be set to the wrong baud
rate (SBE 33 requires 4800 baud). Reset device’s baud rate.
Cause/Solution 3: NMEA navigation device may not be transmitting data. See
the device manual for setup details. To verify that it is sending data, connect
an oscilloscope with ground on NMEA B (T17) and the probe on NMEA A
(T16). The signal should be less than 0.5 volts between messages and have
pulses greater than 4 volts for at least 0.2 milliseconds during the message.
Cause/Solution 4: NMEA Interface PCB may not be operating properly. To
verify, use the NMEA simulation program supplied with SEASOFT. This
program simulates a NMEA navigation device transmitting a NMEA message
(see Appendix II: NMEA Message Simulation Program).
Problem 2: Yellow NMEA Transmit LED Flashing, but
Lat/Lon Data Not Displaying
Cause/Solution 1: NMEA Interface PCB may be set up for an incorrect
NMEA message. To verify, view the raw NMEA messages:
Notes:
To exit diagnostic mode, turn off
power to the SBE 33.
1.
In the NMEA Interface menu in SEATERM (see Testing NMEA and
System Setup above), type 3 and press the Enter key to switch to mode 3.
2.
When in mode 3, type 4 and press the Enter key to switch to mode 4
(diagnostic mode not listed on the menu). Mode 4 will pass all characters
received to the screen. The menu response indicates that the SBE 33 has
diagnostic level 1 enabled.
3.
Type @ to exit the menu. You should begin seeing raw NMEA messages
display in SEATERM. A typical RMC NMEA message is:
$LGRMC,123113.21,A,3625.12,N,12121.34,W,1.2,4.5,231294,1.2,a*45
<CR><LF>
See Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device Message and Data Formats for
a description of all the NMEA messages the NMEA Interface can decode.
WARNING!
Life-threatening high voltages are
present in the SBE 33 and the
underwater units when power is
on. These hazardous voltages
persist for up to 1 minute after
removal of power. To protect
against electrical shock,
disconnect the AC power cord
from the SBE 33 and then wait a
full minute before attempting
service. Always disconnect the AC
power cord before checking fuses.
4.
If a different NMEA message is received in mode 4 than the
NMEA Interface PCB is set up to decode, reconfigure the interface:
A. Turn off power to the SBE 33 and remove the power cord.
B. Reset positions 1 through 3 on the NMEA Interface PCB dip switch
as needed (see Setting NMEA Interface PCB Dip Switch above).
C. Restore power and repeat Step 1, putting the SBE 33 in mode 3.
D. Type @ to exit the menu. You should begin to see position data.
5.
If no NMEA messages are received in mode 4, the problem could be in
the NMEA Interface PCB, cable, or NMEA navigation device.
Verify that the NMEA Interface PCB is operating properly using the
simulation program supplied with SEASOFT. This program simulates
a NMEA navigation device transmitting a NMEA message.
See Appendix II: NMEA Message Simulation Program.
23
Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA Interface and Surface PAR
Setting Up CTD Configuration (.con) File
Notes:
When Sea-Bird ships a new
CTD, we include a .con file that
reflects the current instrument
configuration as we know it. The
.con file is named with the CTD
serial number, followed with the
.con extension. For example, for
a CTD with serial number 2375,
Sea-Bird names the .con file
2375.con. You may rename the
.con file if desired; this will not
affect the results.
The NMEA Interface PCB integrates the position data from the NMEA
navigation device and/or the Surface PAR sensor into the CTD data stream.
SEASAVE, Sea-Bird’s real-time data acquisition and display program, stores
and optionally displays the NMEA and/or PAR data along with the CTD data.
SEASAVE requires a .con file, which defines the CTD - auxiliary sensors
integrated with the instrument, and channels, serial numbers, and calibration
dates and coefficients for all the integrated sensors (conductivity, temperature,
and pressure as well as auxiliary sensors). SEASAVE (as well as our data
processing software) uses the information in the .con file to interpret and
process the raw data. If the .con file does not match the actual instrument
configuration, the software will not be able to interpret and process the
data correctly.
The .con file must indicate if position data and/or PAR data is being
added to the CTD data by the NMEA Interface. See Checking CTD
Configuration (.con) File in SEASAVE in Section 3: Setting Up System for
details on viewing and modifying the .con file in SEASAVE. Note that the
.con file setup overrides the dip switch setting on the NMEA Interface PCB.
In other words, the real-time transmission of NMEA position data and/or
Surface PAR data is dependent on the .con file setting, not on the SBE 33 dip
switch setting.
24
Section 5: Operating System
Section 5: Operating System
This section covers:
• Acquiring real-time data and firing bottles from SEASAVE
• Firing bottles from the SBE 33 front panel
• Uploading CTD data from memory
• Processing data using SBE Data Processing
• Editing raw data file
See Wiring System in Section 3: Setting Up System for wiring details.
Acquiring Real-Time Data and Firing Bottles from SEASAVE
Run SEASAVE to acquire real-time data and fire bottles. Proceed as follows:
1.
Double click on Seasave.exe.
2.
In the Configure menu, select Water Sampler Configuration. The dialog
box looks like this:
• Sequential - SEASAVE fires bottles in
ascending order, beginning with bottle 1.
• User Input - SEASAVE prompts for
bottle number each time bottle fire
command is sent.
• Table Driven - SEASAVE fires bottles in
order specified in Bottle Positions for
Table Driven dialog box.
Total number of bottles
to be closed.
SBE Carousel is only
valid selection for a
system with SBE 33.
Click to enter firing order if
you select Table Driven for
Firing Sequence.
Make the desired selections and click OK.
25
Section 5: Operating System
3.
(For SBE 33 connected to NMEA navigation device) In the Configure
menu, select NMEA [Lat/Lon] Interface. The dialog box looks like this:
Select how to store the NMEA data:
• Add to Header Only - Latitude, longitude, and time are written to the
header when data acquisition is started.
• Append to Every Scan - Latitude, longitude, and time are written to the
header when data acquisition is started. Additionally, 7 bytes of
Lat/Lon data are appended to every scan of CTD data.
• Append to .NAV File when <Ctrl F7> is Pressed - Latitude, longitude,
and time are written to the header when data acquisition is started.
Additionally, latitude, longitude, time, scan number, and pressure are
written to a .nav file every time Ctrl F7 is pressed or Add to .NAV File
is clicked (View menu, NMEA Data Display dialog box).
• Append to Every Scan and Append to .NAV File when <Ctrl F7> is
Pressed - Latitude, longitude, and time are written to the header when
data acquisition is started. Additionally, 7 bytes of Lat/Lon data are
appended to every scan of CTD data. And, latitude, longitude, time,
scan number, and pressure are written to a .nav file every time Ctrl F7
is pressed or Add to .NAV File is clicked (View menu, NMEA Data
Display dialog box).
Click OK.
Notes:
• The .nav file has the same file name
and is placed in the same directory
as the raw data (.hex) file. For
example, if the data file is test.hex,
the .nav file is test.nav.
• When running the post-processing
software (Data Conversion module in
SBE Data Processing):
if a .nav file is found in the same
directory as the .hex raw data file,
the contents of the .nav file are
added to the output converted data
file (.cnv) header.
4.
Perform any other desired setup in the Configure menu.
5.
Perform any desired setup in the ScreenDisplay menu.
For example, to set up the display of bottle firing parameters in an overlay
plot, click in the overlay plot window and select Edit Selected Display
Window in the ScreenDisplay menu. The Display Setup Form appears.
Select to display a list
of bottles fired to right
of overlay plot.
Select to draw
horizontal lines at
pressure each bottle is
fired. Select line type,
color, and label by
clicking Bottle Line
Configuration button.
26
Section 5: Operating System
6.
In the RealTime Data menu, select Start Acquisition. The dialog box looks
like this:
7.
Click COMM Port Configuration. The dialog box looks like this:
Configuration file defines auxiliary
sensors integrated with instrument, and
channels, serial numbers, and
calibration dates and coefficients for all
integrated sensors (conductivity,
temperature, and pressure as well as
auxiliary sensors). Verify that .con file
matches your instrument setup.
See Checking CTD Configuration (.con)
File in SEASAVE in Section 3: Setting
Up System.
Select to save real-time data
to a file. Output file from
SBE 33 has a .hex extension.
Not applicable.
Computer port connected
to SBE 33 Serial Data;
sends commands to and
receives replies from CTD
(through Carousel).
Baud rate between SBE 33 and computer; must
agree with SBE 33 dip switch setting:
• If optional NMEA Interface not installed:
Receiver PCB position 4 (9600 or 4800).
• If optional NMEA interface installed:
NMEA Interface PCB position 5 (9600 or
19200).
Computer port connected
to SBE 33 Carousel
Data; sends commands
to and receives replies
from Carousel.
Baud rate between Carousel and CTD;
must agree with CTD setup and SBE 33
Receiver PCB dip switch setting position
1 - 2 (600, 1200, 2400, or 4800).
Make the desired selections and click OK.
8.
In the Acquire and Display Real Time Data Set Up dialog box, click Start
Acquire. SEASAVE sends a Reset command to the Carousel (equivalent to
pushing the Reset button on the SBE 33), and waits for a confirmation. If a
confirmation is not received, verify that:
• there is a connection between the computer serial port and the SBE 33
• the Deck Unit Modem COMM Port selected in Step 7 is correct
27
Section 5: Operating System
9.
Note:
The SBE 19 (not 19plus) and 25 CTD
must be in quiescent (sleep) state when
the magnetic switch is turned on to start
logging. If not, when the switch is turned
on the CTD will not log data. A common
problem is that communications are
established with the CTD using
SEATERM, and then SEATERM is
exited without putting the CTD into
quiescent state with QS.
When 2 minutes pass without any
communication between the computer
and CTD, the CTD times out and enters
quiescent state automatically. To ensure
that SEASAVE works correctly, verify
that the CTD is in quiescent state or is
already logging data when SEASAVE
is started.
If SEASAVE was set up to prompt for header information (Configure
menu / Header Form), the Header Information dialog box appears. Fill in
the desired information to be added to the header portion of the real-time
data acquisition .hex file, and click OK.
10. (For SBE 33 with optional NMEA Interface)
SEASAVE automatically sends a command to put the NMEA Interface in
Mode 1 (do not transmit NMEA data) or Mode 2 (append position and/or
Surface PAR data to CTD data), depending on whether the CTD .con file
was set to add NMEA and/or PAR data. If the .con file was set to add
NMEA data, the screen then displays:
Getting Latitude, Longitude and Time from the NMEA Interface
11. If the CTD is not already sampling data, SEASAVE prompts you to turn on
the CTD’s magnetic switch. Data starts appearing in the screen displays
approximately 10 seconds after the switch is turned on.
It also possible to start the CTD sampling data while in the terminal
program and then to run SEASAVE. In this case the turn CTD on message
flashes momentarily on the screen before the data display screen appears.
For the SBE 19plus or 25, data starts appearing in a few seconds.
For the SBE 19, there may be a wait of up to 1 minute before data appears.
12. To fire a bottle from SEASAVE, do one of the following:
• Press Ctrl F3, or
• In the View menu, select Fire Bottle Control. The Bottle Fire dialog
box appears on screen (you can leave this open throughout the cast).
The dialog box shows what bottle will be fired next (for sequential or
table driven bottle firing). Click Fire Bottle when desired.
If user input bottle firing was selected in Step 2, SEASAVE prompts for
the bottle number.
When SEASAVE receives a bottle fired confirmation from the Carousel, it
writes a line to an output file (same filename as the data file) with a .bl
extension. The .bl file contains the bottle firing sequence number, bottle
position, date, time, and beginning and ending scan number (to provide
1.5 seconds of scans) for the fired bottle.
13. When done acquiring data, select Stop Acquisition in the RealTime Data
menu. Close SEASAVE.
14. Stop the CTD logging, using the method applicable to your CTD:
• Turn off the CTD’s magnetic switch, or
• Open SEATERM, establish communications with the CTD, and send
the appropriate command to stop logging. Then send the command to
put the CTD in quiescent (sleep) state.
28
Section 5: Operating System
Firing Bottles from SBE 33 Front Panel
Instead of firing bottles in SEASAVE, you can fire bottles directly from the
SBE 33 if desired. Bottles fired from the SBE 33 can be in random or
sequential order, regardless of the firing sequence you input in SEASAVE.
Note:
See the SBE Data Processing
manual and/or help files for details
on processing the data.
Note:
Sea-Bird strongly recommends
that you do not mix firing bottles
from both SEASAVE and the
SBE 33 in the same cast. That is,
use only one method to fire bottles
to ensure that each bottle is fired
only once and in the desired order.
Even though you are firing the bottles from the SBE 33, SEASAVE still
receives a bottle fired confirmation from the Carousel if the SBE 33 rear panel
Carousel Data and Serial Data are connected to the computer. When
SEASAVE receives the confirmation, it writes a line to an output file (same
filename as the data file) with a .bl extension. The .bl file contains the bottle
firing sequence number, bottle position, date, time, and beginning and ending
scan number (to provide 1.5 seconds of scans) for the fired bottle.
See Acquiring Real-Time Data and Firing Bottles from SEASAVE above for
setting up SEASAVE and starting and stopping real-time data acquisition.
Proceed as follows for firing bottles from the SBE 33:
1.
Reset the system before beginning to fire bottles:
A. Set the Bottle to Fire pushbutton switch to 00.
B. Press the Reset button.
2.
To fire bottles in random order:
A. Set the Bottle to Fire pushbutton switch to the desired bottle.
B. Press the Fire button.
C. Repeat Steps A and B for each bottle.
3.
To fire bottles in sequential order:
A. Set the Bottle to Fire pushbutton switch to 99.
B. Press the Fire button. The Carousel will fire bottle 1.
C. Repeat Step B to fire each bottle; the Carousel will fire bottles in
sequential order.
29
Section 5: Operating System
Uploading CTD Data from Memory
Typically, data processing is performed on the real-time data acquired in
SEASAVE. However, some users choose to upload the data in the CTD’s
memory as a back-up to the real-time data. This allows for comparison of the
data in memory to the real-time data, to ensure that cable problems, noise, etc.
did not corrupt the real-time data.
Upload data from the CTD’s memory as follows:
1.
When the cast is complete, turn the CTD magnetic switch off.
2.
Turn power to the SBE 33 off.
3.
Disconnect the CTD from the Carousel.
4.
Connect the CTD directly to the computer, using the data I/O cable
provided with the CTD. Follow directions in the CTD manual for
uploading data.
Processing Data Using SBE Data Processing
Note:
See the SBE Data Processing
manual and/or Help files.
1.
Use SBE Data Processing’s Data Conversion module to convert the realtime .hex raw data file and the .bl bottle log file created by SEASAVE to:
• A .cnv file, with all data converted to engineering units
• A .ros water bottle file, containing data for a user-selected range of
scans before and after each bottle firing
2.
If desired, convert the .hex (raw data) file uploaded from the CTD
memory to a .cnv file in SBE Data Processing’s Data Conversion module,
for comparison to the real-time data.
3.
Once the data is converted: perform further processing (align, filter,
remove bad data, etc.), calculate derived variables, and plot data using
SBE Data Processing’s other modules.
30
Section 5: Operating System
Editing Raw Data File
Sometimes users want to edit the raw .hex data file before beginning
processing, to remove data at the beginning of the file corresponding to
instrument soak time, to remove blocks of bad data, to edit the header, or to add
explanatory notes about the cast. Editing the raw .hex file can corrupt the
data, making it impossible to perform further processing using Sea-Bird
software. Sea-Bird strongly recommends that you first convert the data to a
.cnv file (using SBE Data Processing’s Data Conversion module), and then use
other SBE Data Processing modules to edit the .cnv file as desired.
Note:
Although we provide this
technique for editing a raw .hex
file, Sea-Bird’s strong
recommendation, as described
above, is to always convert the
raw data file and then edit the
converted file.
The procedure for editing a .hex data file described below has been found to
work correctly on computers running Windows 98, 2000, and NT. If the
editing is not performed using this technique, SBE Data Processing may
reject the edited data file and give you an error message.
1.
Make a back-up copy of your .hex data file before you begin.
2.
Run WordPad.
3.
In the File menu, select Open. The Open dialog box appears. For Files of
type, select All Documents (*.*). Browse to the desired .hex data file and
click Open.
4.
Edit the file as desired, inserting any new header lines after the System
Upload Time line. Note that all header lines must begin with an asterisk
(*), and *END* indicates the end of the header. An example is shown
below (for an SBE 21), with the added lines in bold:
* Sea-Bird SBE 21 Data File:
* FileName = C:\Odis\SAT2-ODIS\oct14-19\oc15_99.hex
* Software Version Seasave Win32 v1.10
* Temperature SN = 2366
* Conductivity SN = 2366
* System UpLoad Time = Oct 15 1999 10:57:19
* Testing adding header lines
* Must start with an asterisk
* Place anywhere between System Upload Time & END of header
* NMEA Latitude = 30 59.70 N
* NMEA Longitude = 081 37.93 W
* NMEA UTC (Time) = Oct 15 1999 10:57:19
* Store Lat/Lon Data = Append to Every Scan and Append to .NAV
File When <Ctrl F7> is Pressed
** Ship:
Sea-Bird
** Cruise:
Sea-Bird Header Test
** Station:
** Latitude:
** Longitude:
*END*
5.
In the File menu, select Save (not Save As). If you are running
Windows 2000, the following message displays:
You are about to save the document in a Text-Only format, which
will remove all formatting. Are you sure you want to do this?
Ignore the message and click Yes.
6.
In the File menu, select Exit.
31
Section 6: Troubleshooting
Section 6: Troubleshooting
WARNING!
Life-threatening high voltages are
present in the SBE 33 and the
underwater units when power is
on. These hazardous voltages
persist for up to 1 minute after
removal of power. To protect
against electrical shock,
disconnect the AC power cord
from the SBE 33 and then wait a
full minute before attempting
service. Always disconnect the AC
power cord before checking fuses.
This section reviews common problems in operating the SBE 33, and provides
the most likely causes and solutions.
Servicing should be performed by experienced technicians who have been
trained to work with complex mechanical/electrical equipment.
For protection of the circuitry, we also recommend removing AC power and
then waiting for 1 minute for supply capacitor discharge before opening
housings, changing connections, removing or inserting circuit cards, or
otherwise working on the equipment.
Problem 1: SEASAVE Does Not Collect Any Data
Cause/Solution 1:
This may be caused by incorrect instrument configuration in the .con file.
Verify that the settings in the .con file match the current CTD configuration number and type of auxiliary sensors, sensors assigned to correct channels,
NMEA and Surface PAR selected if applicable.
Problem 2: SBE 33 Completely Inoperable
WARNING!
Use extreme caution when making
these tests.
Cause/Solution 1:
If the power switch is on but the power switch pilot light is out, no other panel
lights are on, and the fan is not running, either AC power has been
disconnected or the main fuse has blown. Check the AC power source. Turn
off the SBE 33, remove the power cable, wait 1 minute, and check the main
fuse. Replace if necessary.
If the main fuse blows again, there is probably a short in the main chassis AC
wiring. See the chassis wiring diagram - it may be necessary to disconnect one
section after another to locate the problem.
Problem 3: Carousel or CTD Does Not Respond
WARNING!
Use extreme caution when making
these tests.
Cause/Solution 1:
There may be no voltage on the sea cable. Turn off the SBE 33, remove the
power cable, and wait 1 minute. Connect a voltmeter (range set to at least
300 volts DC) to the rear-panel Sea Cable connector. Turn on the SBE 33. The
voltmeter should read 250V.
If no sea cable voltage is observed, the sea cable supply is inoperative. Turn
off the SBE 33, remove the power cable, and wait 1 minute. Check the rearpanel Sea Cable Fuse. If this fuse is blown, the sea cable may have been
inadvertently shorted, or the Carousel or CTD may be malfunctioning. Check
the resistance across the sea cable and correct if shorted.
32
Glossary
Glossary
NMEATest – Sea-Bird’s Win 95/98/NT/2000/XP NMEA message
simulation program, which simulates NMEA messages for testing purposes
(installed with SBE Data Processing).
PCB – Printed Circuit Board.
SBE Data Processing – Sea-Bird’s Win 95/98/NT/2000/XP data
processing software, which calculates and plots temperature, conductivity,
pressure, data from auxiliary sensors, and derived variables such as salinity
and sound velocity.
Scan – One data sample containing temperature, conductivity, pressure, and
optional auxiliary inputs.
SEASAVE – Sea-Bird’s Win 95/98/NT/2000/XP software used to acquire,
convert, and display real-time or archived raw data.
SEASOFT-DOS – Sea-Bird’s complete DOS software package, which
includes software for communication, real-time data acquisition, and data
analysis and display.
SEASOFT-Win32– Sea-Bird’s complete Win 95/98/NT/2000/XP software
package, which includes software for communication, real-time data
acquisition, and data analysis and display. SEASOFT-Win32 includes
SEATERM, SeatermAF, SEASAVE, SBE Data Processing, and Plot39.
SEATERM – Sea-Bird’s Win 95/98/NT/2000/XP terminal program used to
communicate with the SBE 33 and/or the CTD.
33
Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device Message and Data Formats
Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device
Message and Data Formats
Message Formats
Notes:
• -- represents two devicespecific characters.
• See the table below
for definitions of
message parameters.
• <CR> is carriage return.
• <LF> is line feed.
GGA - Global Positioning System Fix Data
Time, position, and fix related data for a GPS receiver.
$--GGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,b,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx*hh<CR><LF>
GLL - Geographic Position - Latitude/Longitude
Latitude and Longitude of present position, time of position fix, and status.
$--GLL,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,b,hhmmss.ss,A*hh<CR><LF>
RMA - Recommended Minimum Specific Loran-C Data
Position, course, and speed data provided by a LORAN-C receiver.
$--RMA,A,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,b,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,a*hh<CR><LF>
RMC - Recommended Minimum Specific GPS/TRANSIT Data
Time, date, position, course, and speed data provided by a GPS or TRANSIT
navigation receiver.
$--RMC,hhmmss.ss,A,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,b,x.x,x.x,ddmmyy,x.x,a*hh<CR><LF>
TRF - TRANSIT Fix Data
Time, date, position, and information related to a TRANSIT fix.
$--TRF,hhmmss.ss,ddmmyy,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,b,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,xxx,A*hh<CR><LF>
Field Type
Symbol
Status
A
Latitude
llll.ll
a
Longitude
Checksum
Single character field:
A = Yes, data valid, warning flag clear
V = No, data invalid, warning flag set
Fixed/Variable length field:
degrees|minutes.decimal - 2 fixed digits of degrees, 2 fixed digits of minutes, variable number of
digits for decimal-fraction of minutes. Leading zeros always included for degrees and minutes to
maintain fixed length. Decimal point and associated decimal-fraction optional if full resolution not
required.
N or S
Fixed/Variable length field:
degrees|minutes.decimal - 3 fixed digits of degrees, 2 fixed digits of minutes, variable number of digits
yyyyy.yy
for decimal-fraction of minutes. Leading zeros always included for degrees and minutes to maintain
fixed length. Decimal point and associated decimal-fraction optional if full resolution not required.
b
Time
Definition
E or W
Fixed/variable length field:
hours|minutes|seconds.decimal - 2 fixed digits each of hours, minutes, and seconds; variable number
hhmmss.ss of digits for decimal-fraction of seconds. Leading zeros always included for hours, minutes, and
seconds to maintain fixed length. Decimal point and associated decimal-fraction optional if full
resolution not required.
*
Optional Checksum Delimiter.
hh
Optional Checksum Field:
Absolute value calculated by exclusive OR’ing 8 data bits (no start or stop bits) of each character in
message, between, but excluding $ and *.
34
Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device Message and Data Formats
Data Formats
Seven bytes of position data are appended to each scan of hex data from the
instrument. If a Surface PAR sensor is also connected to the SBE 33, the
Surface PAR data (three bytes) is appended before the position data.
Our data processing software calculates latitude and longitude as follows:
Latitude (deg) = (byte 1 * 65536 + byte 2 * 256 + byte 3) / 50000
Longitude (deg) = (byte 4 * 65536 + byte 5 * 256 + byte 6) / 50000
Notes:
1. If bit 1 in byte 7 is 1, this is a new position.
2. If bit 8 in byte 7 is 1, Latitude is negative.
3. If bit 7 in byte 7 is 1, Longitude is negative.
4. North latitudes are positive, south latitudes are negative.
5. East longitudes are positive, west longitudes are negative.
Example:
Appended position data = 2455FC5D32B141
byte 1 = 24 hex = 36 decimal
byte 2 = 55 hex = 85 decimal
byte 3 = FC hex = 252 decimal
byte 4 = 5D hex = 93 decimal
byte 5 = 32 hex = 50 decimal
byte 6 = B1 hex = 177 decimal
byte 7 = 41 hex = 01000001 binary
This is a new position (bit 1 in byte 7 is 1).
Latitude is positive (bit 8 in byte 7 is 0).
Longitude is negative (bit 7 in byte 7 is 1).
Latitude = (36 * 65536 + 85 * 256 + 252) / 50000 = 47.62616 degrees
Longitude = (93 * 65536 + 50 * 256 + 177) / 50000 = -122.1565 degrees
35
Appendix II: NMEA Message Simulation Program
Appendix II:
NMEA Message Simulation Program
Sea-Bird provides a NMEA message simulation program, NMEATest, as a
troubleshooting aid. NMEATest, part of the SEASOFT-Win32 package,
simulates a NMEA navigation devices transmitting NMEA messages. If the
system does not work with the actual NMEA navigation device, but works
with NMEATest, the problem is with the interface cable from the NMEA
navigation device to the SBE 33 or in the NMEA navigation device itself.
NMEATest is just a simulation, and does not provide an actual data stream
from an actual NMEA navigation device. The data transmission baud rate
(4800 or 9600) and time between messages are user-programmable. The
NMEA message format (RMA, RMC, GLL, or GGA) generated by the
program is also user-programmable. Alternatively, the user can specify an
existing raw NMEA data file to use for the simulation; see Appendix I:
NMEA Navigation Device Message and Data Formats for the required raw
data format.
Note:
You can also run the simulation
using only one computer, if the
computer has a spare COM port.
To execute the simulation program, a second computer (computer 2) is
needed to emulate the NMEA navigation device. A laptop computer is
adequate for this purpose. Install NMEATest on computer 2 (NMEATest is
part of the SBE Data Processing installation).
Use the NMEA Interface test cable (PN 801422 - supplied with the SBE 33 if
the optional NMEA interface is ordered) to connect NMEA Input on the
SBE 33 to the simulation computer. The simulation test cable connections are:
Note:
The SBE 33 must be connected to
the Carousel to test the NMEA
interface. If it is not connected,
noise on the open Sea Cable
connector will interfere with
communication with the SBE 33.
MS3102A12S-3P
DB-9S
Function
Pin A
Pin 3
NMEA A (signal)
Pin B
Pin 5
NMEA B (signal return)
Proceed as follows (instructions are written assuming you are using a second
computer to emulate the NMEA navigation device):
1.
On computer 1, set up SEATERM to communicate with the SBE 33 at
9600 or 19200 baud, 7 or 8 data bits, no or even parity (Steps 1 and 2 in
Testing NMEA and System Setup in Section 4: Setting Up Optional NMEA
Interface and Surface PAR).
2.
Turn on power to the SBE 33. The NMEA Interface PCB status message
displays in SEATERM:
SBE 33/36 NMEA interface V2.3 setup:
PC baud rate = 9600
Interboard baud rate = 9600
8 data bits, no parity
NMEA message to decode = RMC
Mode = echo only
Surface PAR disabled
NMEA decoding enabled
Press @ to change the NMEA interface setup
SBE 33 V2.0 power on
36
Appendix II: NMEA Message Simulation Program
3.
Type @ to access the NMEA Interface menu.
4.
Type 3 and press the Enter key to switch to mode 3.
5.
When in mode 3, type 5 and press the Enter key to switch to mode 5
(diagnostic mode not listed on the menu). Mode 5 transmits all NMEA
messages in raw format and (if a correct NMEA message is received) in
decoded form. The menu response indicates that the SBE 33 has
diagnostic level 2 enabled.
6.
On computer 2, double click on nmeatest.exe (in same directory as
SBE Data Processing). The NMEATest screen appears.
7.
On the NMEATest screen, click on the Configure menu. The Configure
dialog box appears. Select:
• NMEA message to be simulated (RMA, RMC, GLL, or GGA) or
select an existing NMEA data file on your computer by clicking Send
File and browsing to the desired file. The NMEA message to be
simulated must match the NMEA Message to Decode (set with dip
switches on the NMEA Interface PCB) shown in the status message
in Step 2.
• Baud rate for transmission of simulated NMEA data to Deck Unit –
must set to 4800.
• COMM port on computer 2 for transmission of NMEA data to
Deck Unit.
• Message interval (time between simulated messages to be transmitted
to Deck Unit).
Click OK.
8.
On the NMEATest screen, click Start. NMEA data should begin to
display on the NMEATest screen on computer 2 and in SEATERM on
computer 1. The yellow NMEA transmit light should flash each time the
simulation program transmits a new position.
The data displayed by SEATERM should correspond to that of the simulation
program (see Appendix I: NMEA Navigation Device Message and Data
Formats for the raw and decoded NMEA message formats). If properly
decoded data appears on the screen, the NMEA Interface in the SBE 33 is
working properly. If the system works with the simulation program but does
not work when connected to the actual NMEA navigation device, the problem
is with the cable from the NMEA navigation device to the SBE 33, or in the
NMEA navigation device itself.
•
Verify that the cable pinouts are correct, especially at the NMEA
navigation device. See Wiring System in Section 3: Setting Up System and
also refer to the NMEA navigation device documentation.
•
If the cable is correct, verify that the NMEA navigation device is on and is
configured to send data. Many NMEA navigation devices have
programmable NMEA outputs and may need to be configured before they
will transmit NMEA messages. Again, refer to the NMEA navigation
device documentation, or contact the device’s manufacturer for
customer support.
37
Appendix III: Replacement Parts
Appendix III: Replacement Parts
Part
Number
171886
801422
171888
17015
80915
801367
Part
25-pin DB-25P to
9-pin DB-9S cable,
3 m (10 ft)
2-pin
MS3106A-12S-3S to
9-pin DB-9S
NMEA Interface test
cable, 1.8 m (6 ft)
25-pin DB-25S to
9-pin DB-9P cable
adapter
SBE 33 power cable
2-pin
MS3106A-12S-3P to
2-pin RMG-2FS cable,
10 m (33 ft)
4-pin
MS3106A-14S-2P to
5-pin Switchcraft
EN3C5F cable,
15 m (50 ft)
38
Application
Description
Connect Serial Data and
Carousel Data on
SBE 33 to computer
COM ports
Connect NMEA Input on
SBE 33 to computer
running NMEA
simulation program for
test purposes
Quantity
2
1
For use with computer
with DB-25 connector
-
Connect SBE 33 to
AC power source
1
Connect Sea Cable on
SBE 33 to Carousel
for testing
1
Connect PAR Input on
SBE 33 to Biospherical
Surface PAR sensor with
Switchcraft connector
1
Index
Index
.
O
.con file · 15, 24
Operating system · 25
A
P
About Sea-Bird · 5
Parity · 9, 18
Parts
replacement · 38
Processing data · 30
B
Back panel · 10
Baud rate · 9, 12, 14, 18
Bottle firing · 25, 29
R
Real-time acquisition · 25
Replacement parts · 38
C
Communications · 9
Configuration file · 15, 24
CTD
configuration file · 15, 24
upload · 30
CTD setup · 12
S
SBE 33
back panel · 10
front panel · 10
SBE Data Processing · 8, 11
SEASAVE · 8, 11, 15, 24, 25
SEASOFT-DOS · 11
SEASOFT-Win32 · 8, 11
SEATERM · 8, 11, 12, 21, 36
main screen · 13
Software · 8, 11
installation · 11
Specifications · 8
Surface PAR · 17, 18, 20
System communications · 9
System description · 7
System operation · 25
System wiring · 16
D
Data bits · 9, 18
Data processing · 30
Description · 7
Dip switch · 14
E
Editing data files · 31
F
T
Firing bottles · 25, 29
Front panel · 10
Testing · 21
Troubleshooting · 23, 32
G
Glossary · 33
U
I
Unpacking SBE 33 · 6
Uploading data · 30
Installation · 16
W
Wiring · 16
M
Mounting · 16
N
NMEA · 16, 18
data formats · 34
message formats · 34
operating modes · 20
simulation program · 36
troubleshooting · 23
NMEATest · 8, 11, 36
39
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