Device description

Inline terminal: 2 resistive temperature
sensor inputs
ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Device description
Preliminary
Disclaimer / Imprint
This manual is intended to provide support for installation and usage of the device. The information is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, SysMik GmbH Dresden assumes no responsibility for possible mistakes and deviations in the technical specifications. SysMik GmbH Dresden reserves the right to
make modifications in the interest of technical progress to improve our modules and software or to correct
mistakes.
We are grateful to you for criticism and suggestions. Further information (device description, available
software) can be found on our homepage www.sysmik.de. Please ask for latest information.
SysMik disclaims all warranties in case of improper use or disassembly and software modifications not described in this document or when using improper or faulty tools. Commissioning and operation of the device by qualified personnel only. All applicable regulations have to be observed.
SysMik® and the SysMik logo are registered trademarks of SysMik GmbH Dresden. IPOCS™ is trademark
©
of SysMik GmbH Dresden. "Networking Together!" is subject to copyright of SysMik GmbH Dresden.
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No part of this document may be reproduced or modified in any form without prior written agreement with
SysMik GmbH Dresden.
Copyright © 2014 by SysMik GmbH Dresden
SysMik GmbH Dresden
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+ 49 (0) 351 – 4 33 58 – _0
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+ 49 (0) 351 – 4 33 58 – 29
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2
Homepage
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service@sysmik.de
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ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Contents
Contents
Device description
1
Contents
3
1
Description
4
2
Order information
4
3
Technical data
5
4
Local diagnostic and status indicators /
Terminal point assignment
7
5
Internal circuit diagram
8
6
Electrical isolation
8
7
Connection notes
9
8
Connection examples
10
9
Measuring ranges
11
9.1
Measuring Ranges Depending on the Resolution
(Format IB Standard)
11
9.2
Input measuring values
11
10
Measuring errors
10.1
Systematic measuring errors during temperature measurement using
resistance thermometers
12
10.2
Systematic errors during temperature measurement using 2-wire
technology
13
11
Tolerance and temperature response
ILT TEMP 2 RTD
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3
Description / Order information
1
Description
Note: This device description is only valid in association with the IL SYS INST UM user manual or the Inline
system manual of the specifically used bus system.
Make sure you always use the latest documentation – it can be downloaded at www.sysmik.de.
The terminal is designed for use within an -Inline station. This terminal provides an two-channel input module
for resistive temperature sensors. This terminal supports platinum and nickel sensors according to the DIN
standard and the SAMA guideline. In addition, sensors Cu10, Cu50, Cu53 as well as KTY81 and KTY84 are
supported.
The measuring temperature is represented by 16-bit values in two process data words (one word per channel).
Features
 Two inputs for resistive temperature sensors
 Configuration of channels via the bus system
 Measured values can be represented in three different formats
 Connection of sensors in 2, 3, and 4-wire technology
2
Order information
Description
Type
Part No.
Pcs./Pkt.
Inline terminal with two resistive temperature
sensor inputs, complete with accessories (connector and labeling field)
ILT TEMP 2 RTD
1225-100519-01-9
1
4
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ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Technical data
3
Technical data
General data
Housing dimensions (width x height x depth)
12.2 mm x 120 mm x 66.6 mm
Weight
46 g (without connector); 67 g (with connector)
Operating mode
Process data mode with 2 words
Connection method for sensors
2, 3 and 4-wire technology
Ambient temperatures (operation)
-25 °C to +55 °C
Ambient temperature (storage/transport)
-25 °C to +85 °C
Permissible humidity (operation/storage/transport)
10 % to 95 %, according to DIN EN 61131-2
Permissible air pressure (operation/storage/transport)
70 kPa to 106 kPa (up to 3000 m above see level)
Degree of protection
IP20 according to IEC 60529
Class of protection
Class 3 according to EN 61131-2, IEC 61131-2
Connection data for Inline connectors
Connection type
Spring-cage terminals
Conductor cross-section
0,2 mm² to 1,5 mm² (solid or stranded),
AWG 24 - 16
Interface
Local bus
Data routing
Power Consumption
Communications power UL
7.5 V
Current consumption at UL
43 mA (typical), 60 mA (maximum)
I/O supply voltage UANA
24 V DC
Current consumption at UANA
11 mA (typical), 18 mA (maximum)
Total power consumption
587 mW (typical), 882 mW (maximum)
Supply of the Module Electronics and I/O Through the Bus Coupler/Power Terminal
Connection method
Potential routing
Analog Inputs
Number
Two inputs for resistive temperature sensors
Connection of the signals
2, 3 or 4-wire, shielded sensor cable
Sensor types that can be used
Pt, Ni, Cu, KTY
Characteristics standards
According to DIN/according to SAMA
Conversion time of the A/D converter
120 µs, typical
Process data update
Depending on the connection method
Both channels in 2-wire technology
20 ms
One channel in 2-wire technology/one channel in 4wire technology
20 ms
Both channels in 3-wire technology
32 ms
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Technical data
none
Safety equipment
Electrical Isolation
Common Potentials
24 V main voltage UM, 24 V segment voltage US, and GND have the same potential. FE is a separate potential area.
Separate Potentials in the Terminal
Test Distance
Test Distance
7.5 V supply (bus logic) / 24 V analog supply (analog I/O)
7.5 V supply (bus logic) / 24 V analog supply (analog I/O)
7.5 V supply (bus logic) / functional earth ground
7.5 V supply (bus logic) / functional earth ground
24 V analog supply (analog I/O) / functional earth
ground
24 V analog supply (analog I/O) / functional earth
ground
Error Messages to the Higher-Level Control or Computer System
Failure of the internal voltage supply
Yes
Failure of or insufficient communications power UL
Yes, I/O error message sent to the bus coupler
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ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Diagnostic and status indicators / Terminal point assignment
4
Local diagnostic and status indicators / Terminal point assignment
Functional identification: green
Local diagnostic and status indicators
Designation
Color
Meaning
D
green
Diagnostics
Terminal point assignment
for 2/3-wire termination:
Terminal
point
Signal
Assignment
1.1
I1+
RTD of sensor 1
1.2
I1-
Constant current supply
1.3
U1-
Measuring input of sensor 1
2.3
U2-
Measuring input of sensor 2
2.1
I2+
RTD of sensor 2
2.2
I2-
Constant current supply
1.4, 2.4
Shield
Shield connection
(channel 1 and 2)
Terminal point assignment for
4-wire termination on channel 1 and
2-wire termination on channel 2:
Fig. 1:
Terminal
point
Signal
Assignment
1.1
I1+
RTD of sensor 1
1.2
I1-
Constant current supply
1.3
U1-
Measuring input of sensor 1
2.3
U1+
Measuring input of sensor 2
2.1
I2+
RTD of sensor 2
2.2
I2-
Constant current supply
1.4, 2.4
Shield
Shield connection
(channel 1 and 2)
local diagnostic and status indicators and terminal point assignment
Safety note:
WARNING: During configuration, ensure that no isolating voltage is specified between the analog inputs and
the local bus. During thermistor detection this, for example, means that the user has to provide signals with
safe isolation, if applicable.
Installation instruction:
High current flowing through potential jumpers UM and US leads to a temperature rise in the potential jumpers
and inside the terminal. To keep the current flowing through the potential jumpers of the analog terminals as
low as possible, always place the analog terminals after all the other terminals at the end of the main circuit
(sequence of the Inline terminals: see also IL SYS INST UM E user manual or the Inline system manual for
your bus system).
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Circuit diagram / Electrical isolation
5
Internal circuit diagram
Key:
Protocol chip
Optocoupler
Mikroprocessor with multiplexer and
analog/digital converter
Electrically erasable programmable
read-only memory
DC/DC converter with electrical isolation
Reference voltage
Amplifier
Fig. 2:
Internal wiring oft terminal points
Note: Other symbols used are explained in the IL SYS INST UM E user manual or in the Inline system manual
for your bus system.
6
Electrical isolation
Fig. 3:
Electrical isolation of the individual function areas
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ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Connection notes
7
Connection notes
Connection oft the resistance sensors:
In 4-wire technology a sensor can only be connected to channel 1. In this case the sensor can only be connected to channel 2 using 2-wire technology.
Shield connection:
The Connection examples show how to connect the shield.
 Connect the shielding to the Inline terminal using the shield connection clamp. The clamp connects the
shield directly to FE on the terminal side. Additional wiring is not necessary.
 Isolate the shield at the sensor.
Sensor connection in 4-wire technology:
Always connect temperature shunts using shielded, twisted-pair cables.
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Connection examples
8
Connection examples
Connection of passive sensors
A
Channel 1; 2- wire technology
A
Channel 1; 4-wire technology
B
Channel 2; 3- wire technology
B
Channel 2; 2-wire technology
Fig. 4:
Connection of sensors in 2 and 3-wire technology
with shield connection
Fig. 5: Connection of sensors in 4 and 2-wire technology
with shield connection
When connecting the shield at the terminal you must insulate the shield on the sensor side (shown in gray in
Figure 4 and Figure 5).
Use a connector with shield connection when installing the sensors. Figure 4 shows the connection schematically (without shield connector).
Connection of a potentiometer
1)
Connection and direct %-evaluation of a 2-kΩ
potentiometer at channel 1 in 2-wire technology
2)
Connection and direct %-evaluation of a 2-kΩ
potentiometer at channel 1 in 3-wire technology
Fig. 6:
Fig. 7:
10
Connection of a potentiometers at channel 1 in
2-wire technology with shield connection
sysmik.de
Connection of a potentiometers at channel 1 in
3-wire technology with shield connection
ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Measuring ranges
9
Measuring ranges
9.1
Measuring Ranges Depending on the Resolution (Format IB Standard)
Resolution
(Bit 7 and 6)
Temperature sensors
00
-273 °C up to +3276,8 °C
resolution: 0,1 °C
01
-273 °C up to +327,68 °C
resolution: 0,01 °C
Where:
10
-459 °F up to +3276.8 °F
resolution ung: 0,1 °F
T [°C] … Temperature in °C
11
-459 °F up to +327.68 °F
resolution: 0,01 °F
9.2
No.
Temperature values can be converted from °C to °F according to the following formula:
T [°F] … Temperature in °F
Input measuring values
Input
Sensor type
Measuring range (Software-supported)
Lower limit
0
Pt
R0 10 Ω to 3000 Ω
acc. to DIN
-200 °C
+850 °C
1
Pt
R0 10 Ω to 3000 Ω
acc. to SAMA
-200 °C
+850 °C
2
Ni
R0 10 Ω to 3000 Ω
acc. to DIN
-60 °C
+180 °C
3
Ni
R0 10 Ω to 3000 Ω
acc. to SAMA
-60 °C
+180 °C
4
Cu10
-70 °C
+500 °C
5
Cu50
-50 °C
+200 °C
6
Cu53
-50 °C
+180 °C
7
Ni1000 L+G
-50 °C
+160 °C
8
Ni500 (Viessmann)
-60 °C
+250 °C
9
KTY81-110
-55 °C
+150 °C
10
KTY84
-40 °C
+300 °C
11
Temperature
sensors
Upper limit
Reserved
12
13
Relative potentiometer
range
0%
4 kΩ / R0 x 100 %
(max. 400 %)
14
Linear resistance
measuring
range
0Ω
400 Ω
0 Ω
4000 Ω
15
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Measuring errors
10
Measuring errors
10.1 Systematic measuring errors during temperature measurement using resistance thermometers
When measuring temperatures using resistance thermometers, systematic measuring errors are often the cause of incorrectly measured results.
There are three possibilities of connecting sensors: 2, 3, and 4-wire technology.
4-Wire technology
3-Wire technology
4-wire technology is the most precise way of measuring
(see Fig.8)
Fig. 8:
Connection of resistance thermometers in 4-wire
technology
When using the 4-wire technology, a constant current is
sent through the sensor via cables I+ and I-. With the
other two cables U+ and U-, the temperature-related
voltage is tapped and measured at the sensor. The cable
resistances do not influence the measurement.
12
Fig. 9:
Connection of resistance thermometers in 3-wire
technology
In 3-wire technology the effect of the cable resistance on
the measured result within the terminal is eliminated or
minimized by multiple measuring of the temperaturerelated voltage and corresponding calculations. The quality of the results is almost as good as when using the 4wire technology shown in Fig. 8. However, the 4-wire
technology provides better results in environments subject
to heavy noise.
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ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Measuring errors
2-Wire technology
2-wire technology is the most cost-effective connection
method. The U+ and U- cables are no longer needed.
Temperature-related voltage is not directly measured at
the sensor and therefore not falsified by the two cable
resistances RL (Fig. 10).
The measuring errors that occur may lead to the entire
measurement to become useless (diagrams in Fig. 11 to
Fig. 13). However, these diagrams show at which points
of the measurement system measures can be taken to
minimize these errors.
Bild 10: Connection of resistance thermometers in 2-wire technology
10.2 Systematic errors during temperature measurement using 2-wire technology
Curves depending on the cable cross section A
Fig. 11: Systematic temperature measuring error ΔT
depending on the cable length l
(1)
Temperature measuring error for A = 0,14 mm²
(2)
Temperature measuring error for A = 0,25 mm²
(3)
Temperature measuring error for A = 0,50 mm²
(Measuring error valid for:
2
copper cable χ = 57 m/Ωmm , TA= 25°C and
Pt100 sensor)
(Measuring error valid for:
2
copper cable χ = 57 m/Ωmm ,
TA= 25°C, l = 5 m and
Pt100 sensor)
Fig. 12: Systematic temperature measuring error ΔT
depending on the cable cross section A
Measuring error valid for:
copper cable χ = 57 m/Ωmm2,
l = 5 m, A = 0.25 mm2, and
Pt100 sensor)
Fig. 13: Systematic temperature measuring error ΔT
depending on the cable temperature TA
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Measuring errors
All diagrams show that the increase in cable resistance causes the measuring error.
A considerable improvement is made through the use of Pt1000 sensors. Due to the 10-fold higher temperature coefficient α (α = 0.385 Ω/K for Pt100 to α = 3.85 Ω/K for Pt1000) the effect of the cable resistance
on the measurement is decreased by factor 10. All errors in the diagrams above would be reduced by factor 10.
Diagram 1 clearly shows the effect of the cable length on the cable resistance and therefore on the measuring error. The solution is to use the shortest possible sensor cables.
Diagram 2 shows the influence of the cable diameter on the cable resistance. It can be seen that cables
2
with a cross section of less than 0.5 mm cause errors to increase exponentially.
Diagram 3 shows the effect of the ambient temperature on the cable resistance. This parameter does not
play a great role and can hardly be influenced but it is mentioned here for the sake of completeness.
The formula to calculate the cable resistance is as
follows:
Where:
RL
Cable resistance in Ω
RL20
Cable resistance at 20 °C in Ω
l
Cable length in m
χ
Specific electrical resistance of cop2
perin Ωmm /m
A
Cable cross-section in mm
2
0,0043 1/K Temperature coefficient for Kupfer
TA
Ambient temperature ( cable temperature) in °C
Since there are two cable resistances in the measuring system (forward and return), the value must be
doubled.
The absolute measuring error in Kelvin [K] is provided for platinum sensors according to DIN using the average temperature coefficient α (α = 0.385 Ω/K for Pt100; α = 3.85 Ω/K for Pt1000).
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ILT TEMP 2 RTD
Tolerance and temperature response
11
Tolerance and temperature response
α:
Medium sensitivity to calculate the tolerance values.
x:
Additional error when the connection is made using 2-wire technology
(see Systematic errors during temperature measurement using 2-wire technology).
Typical measuring tolerances at 25°C
α at
100 °C
2-Wire technology
3-Wire technology
4-Wire technology
relative
[%]
absolute
relative
[%]
absolute
relative
[%]
absolute
Temperature sensors
Pt100
0,385 Ω/K
±0,03 + x
±0,26 K + x
±0,03
±0,26 K
±0,02
±0,2 K
Pt1000
3,85 Ω/K
±0,04 + x
±0,31 K + x
±0,04
±0,31 K
±0,03
±0,26 K
Ni100
0,617 Ω/K
±0,09 + x
±0,16 K + x
±0,09
±0,16 K
±0,07
±0,12 K
Ni1000
6,17 Ω/K
±0,11 + x
±0,2 K + x
±0,11
±0,2 K
±0,09
±0,16 K
Cu50
0,213 Ω/K
±0,24 + x
±0,47 K + x
±0,24
±0,47 K
±0,18
±0,35 K
Ni1000 L+G
5,6 Ω/K
±0,13 + x
±0,21 K + x
±0,13
±0,21 K
±0,11
±0,18 K
Ni500
Viessmann
2,8 Ω/K
±0,17 + x
±0,43 K + x
±0,17
±0,43 K
±0,14
±0,36 K
KTY81-110
10,7 Ω/K
±0,07 + x
±0,11 K + x
±0,07
±0,11 K
±0,06
±0,09 K
KTY84
6,2 Ω/K
±0,06 + x
±0,19 K + x
±0,06
±0,19 K
±0,05
±0,16 K
0 Ω bis 400 Ω
±0,025 + x
±100 mΩ + x
±0,025
±100 mΩ
±0,019
±75 mΩ
0 Ω bis 4 kΩ
±0,03 + x
±1,2 Ω + x
±0,03
±1,2 Ω
±0,025
±1 Ω
Linear resistance
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Tolerance and temperature response
Maximum measuring tolerances at 25°C
α at
100 °C
2-Wire technology
3-Wire technology
4-Wire technology
relative
[%]
absolute
relative
[%]
absolute
relative
[%]
absolute
Temperature sensors
Pt100
0,385 Ω/K
±0,12 + x
±1,04 K + x
±0,12 %
±1,04 K
±0,10 %
±0,83 K
Pt1000
3,85 Ω/K
±0,15 + x
±1,3 K + x
±0,15 %
±1,3 K
±0,12 %
±1,04 K
Ni100
0,617 Ω/K
±0,36 + x
±0,65 K + x
±0,36 %
±0,65 K
±0,29 %
±0,52 K
Ni1000
6,17 Ω/K
±0,45 + x
±0,81 K + x
±0,45 %
±0,81 K
±0,36 %
±0,65 K
Cu50
0,213 Ω/K
±0,47 + x
±0,94 K + x
±0,47 %
±0,94 K
±0,38 %
±0,75 K
Ni1000 L+G
5,6 Ω/K
±0,56 + x
±0,89 K + x
±0,56 %
±0,89 K
±0,44 %
±0,71 K
Ni500
Viessmann
2,8 Ω/K
±0,72 + x
±1,79 K + x
±0,72 %
±1,79 K
±0,57 %
±1,43 K
KTY81-110
10,7 Ω/K
±0,31 + x
±0,47 K + x
±0,31 %
±0,47 K
±0,25 %
±0,37 K
KTY84
6,2 Ω/K
±0,27 + x
±0,81 K + x
±0,27 %
±0,81 K
±0,22 %
±0,65 K
0 Ω bis 400 Ω
±0,10 + x
±400 mΩ + x
±0,10 %
±400 mΩ
±0,08 %
±320 mΩ
0 Ω bis 4 kΩ
±0,13 + x
±5 Ω + x
±0,13 %
±5 Ω
±0,10 %
±4 Ω
Linear resistance
All errors indicated as a percentage are related to the positive measuring range final value. The maximum tolerances
contain the theoretical maximum possible tolerances. The data refers to nominal operation (installation on horizontal
mounting rail, US = +24 V). Please also observe the values for temperature drift and the tolerances under EMI influences.
Temperature response at -25 °C to +55 °C
2, 3, 4-wire technology
typical
maximum
±12 ppm/°C
±45 ppm/°C
Additional tolerances influenced by electromagnetic fields
Type of Electromagnetic Interference
Typical Deviation From the
Measuring Range Final Value
Criterion
Electromagnetic fields; field
strength 10 V/m according to
EN 61000-4-3 / IEC 61000-4-3
< ±1,51 %
A
Conducted interference Class 3
(test voltage 10 V) according to
EN 61000-4-6 / IEC 61000-4-6
< ±0,92 %
A
Fast transients (burst) Class 3
according to EN 61000-4-4 /
IEC 61000-4-4
< ±0,24 %
A
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