Cumberland Valley Apple User Group Newsletter WWW.CVAUG.ORG
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thing more in here?
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to the
A Word from the President......1
RAM and the Art of Waiting...1
I Love My Mac .......................2
Mac mini Gets a Brain
Mac 911...................................4
Solutions to your most vexing
Mac problems..........................4
A Virus for the Mac?...............7
A Word from the
by Gregg McFarland
The shortest month of the
year had some big Apple
news. There have been new
hardware announcements, new
accessories announced, and
also new viruses (yes that’s
plural) emerged, all this month!
We’ll talk about all that and
more in this month’s Monitor.
Also, the March meeting is
when we hold nominations for
the Officer positions (President,
Vice President, Secretary,
Treasurer, Librarian). Then
we hold our Officer elections in
We’re also going to get a look
at the 5th Generation iPod (the
one that can play videos) at the
March meeting. I hope to see
you there!
RAM and the Art
of Waiting
By Wayne A. Younkins
My wife turned preservationist
asked why it was taking
hours to burn a DVD of our
home movies. I took a look
and figured that the 256 MB
of RAM just wasn’t enough
to process all those cutesy
things the kids did on VHS
and preserve it for posterity on
March 2006
This Month:
Officer Nominations &
5th Gen iPod Demo
DVD. Apple states 512 MB is
recommended for iDVD. Also,
Fast User Switching would
sometimes have a problem if
you tried to switch between two
users with several applications
open at the same time. So
having pontificated my findings
I thought my work here was
done. I thought she just wanted
an answer, but no, she who
must be obeyed wanted me to
actually put in more RAM. This
sounded like work so you know
how fast that got done.
As the months went by the wife
was increasing the pressure to
“git ‘er dun”.
She would say things like,
“Procrastination is the thief of
time.” And I would say, “I prefer
to think of procrastination as the
art of waiting.”
She would say, “Hard work
pays off after time.” and I would
say, “Yes, but laziness always
pays off now.”
She would say, “Can’t you get
that done by the weekend?”
and I would counter with
something witty like, “Only
Robinson Crusoe had
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everything done by Friday.”
“Why do you always wait until
the last minute?” she asked. I
said, “If it weren’t for the last
minute, I wouldn’t get anything
But eventually she was running
out of patience and I was
running out of witty sayings.
Upon examining the insides of
my flat panel “domed” iMac, I
found that there is a user slot
and a factory slot for RAM.
The user slot can easily be
accessed from the bottom by
removing four screws. But
access to the factory slot is
much more involved and an
experienced technician should
do it. My iMac was shipped
with 256 MB in the factory slot.
Only 512 MB can be added to
the user slot. Together these
would give me 768 MB. I also
found out that the RAM in the
factory slot is faster than that
used in the user slot and they
are physically different. If
anything I should upgrade the
factory slot RAM first to 512
MB for speed. But to get a full
1 GB of RAM both cards would
have to be replaced. I have
always had a need for speed so
I opted to replace both cards for
the full 1GB.
So I delved into the subject on
the internet and at one web site
I found what I thought was a
mistake. Only RAM with a PC
2700 bandwidth was available
for my “domed” iMac, but my
System Profiler and the Apple
Support site both specified PC
2100 bandwidth. Something
else was amiss, the RAM
supplier web site said I could
upgrade my computer to 2 GB
but the Apple Support site said
1 GB was the maximum. As a
matter of fact the PC 2100 set
of RAM was not even available.
So I called the supplier and
asked about the discrepancy.
He said the PC 2700 is
compatible with the PC 2100
and so it is now possible to
get 2 GB of RAM into my iMac
where as before only 1 GB
was possible. But, I protested,
the Apple Support site says
only 1 GB. He said, Like so
many products, manufacturers
move on to other things and
information about past products
is not always updated. I put in
the 2 GB set of RAM.
Finally, a case where
procrastination paid off. I had
her now. Had I gotten the full
RAM earlier I now would only
have 1 GB. In triumph I told the
“Whatever,” was the reply.
March 2006
Mac as much as I do : )
The big news is that after
being featured on MacAddict
Magazine’s December issue
CD-ROM, on January 9th, “I
Love My Mac” was released
worldwide on all iTunes Music
I have pledged that if “I Love
My Mac” makes it to iTunes’
top 10 song downloads, at that
time I will donate 10% of my
proceeds to a music education
Would you consider announcing
this news item at your next
meeting(s), including it in
your newsletter if you have
one, posting it in the “news”
section of your MUG website,
or emailing your membership
at your discretion? Whatever
you choose to do to help get
the word out, I’ll appreciate very
much : )
I’ll keep you updated about new
developments in regards to “I
Love My Mac” as well as news
about another forthcoming Macrelated song.
by Daphnie Kalfon
My name is Daphne, and I’m a For more information about
myself and “I Love My Mac”,
fellow Mac enthusiast.
visit the song’s website: www.ilo
I have an exciting news item
that I hope you could share with
Many thanks in advance, and I
your MUG : )
hope you enjoy my music!
You may or may not know
about a famous or infamous
song that I wrote in 2004: it’s
called “I Love My Mac” and was “To go forward,
written entirely in the then new
application, GarageBand. Since you must backup.”
then, the song has become
— Cardinal rule of
something of a Mac anthem
among those who have heard
it, and for those who haven’t, I’d
like to try to get the word out to
every Mac user who loves their
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I Love My Mac
Cumberland Valley Apple User Group Newsletter WWW.CVAUG.ORG
Mac mini Gets a
Brain Transplant
benefit from having Apple as a
customer than Apple is deriving
from having Intel as a supplier.
By Bill Davies
Processors: The new mini may
After sending out mysterious
be purchased with either a
announcements to the press
single-core Intel chip ($599) or
for a special event on February a dual-core Intel chip ($799).
28 (in a deliberate attempt
All minis have included built in
to generate fanfare), Apple
wireless and Bluetooth since
used the event to introduce an
July 2005, so all that is added
Intel-based Mac
with this new model is support
mini. But instead
for the new Apple Remote. So
of attempting
for $200 difference between the
to capture the
top and bottom models, you get
living room with a
a slightly bigger hard drive, the
beautifully small box that talks
ability to burn a DVD instead of
to your music and video library just watch or play a DVD, and
and serves up content to stereo the dual-core chip which (in
and television peripherals
theory) lets the computer divide
around your house, the new
tasks between two masters,
mini really just improves system making it somewhat faster at
performance over the former
some tasks. The mini uses
model that used the IBM chip.
Intel’s least desirable “Core”
Apple claims a 4x speed
processors, and reputedly the
improvement, so in my opinion, prices on those are going to
plan for 2x. (The system bus
fall drastically in the next three
has gone from 167 Mhz to 667 months as faster ones come
Mhz.) The executive summary
out. So that tells me that a
on this product is that it is an
$499 mini might be available by
incremental improvement,
Christmas if they don’t sell at
but does not represent a
this price. Having said all that,
substantially redeveloped, or
if you thought the previous mini
category-defining, product.
was slow, I would wager that
So in “industry terms” this
you’d need to pop for the $799
is a speed bump, not a
model if you wanted to really
groundbreaking product
see a difference.
redesign. I’m not sure why
Apple went to all that trouble
Apple is
to have a select group of
journalists travel to Cupertino to more Intel
hear about this. You do get two technologies
more USB ports, and they are
here, such as
now USB 2.0. Oh, and instead
the graphics
of a $599 and $699 model, you subsystem, to save space and
now have to choose between
to save cost. In the case of
a $599 and $799 model. Oops. the mini, they are using Intel’s
I guess this proves that Intel
integrated GMA950 graphics
is probably deriving more
March 2006
with 64mb of graphics memory.
According to the nerds over at, “we can state
flatly that if you buy a system
using Intel’s GMA950 integrated
graphics and want to play 3D
invest at
least $60
in an addon card.
If what you want is simply a
system that can run standard
office software, plus maybe play
some DVD movies, then Intel’s
new graphics core is probably
suitable.” So if you thought the
new mini was going to do battle
with the Xbox 360, guess again.
If you thought this would be the
machine that will finally let you
play Roller Coaster Tycoon, you
might want to keep shopping.
Predictions: I am not in the
business of predictions, but the
announcement of the new mini
tells me that new iBooks are
imminent, because if Apple can
shoehorn all this technology
into a mini, the iBook is not that
much different of a form factor.
I would therefore speculate the
new iBooks will technologically
be a lot more like the mini, and
a lot less like the MacBook Pro,
and that we should expect them
before May.
Personally I’ve
always thought
the mini was a
Trojan Horse,
because by
the time you buy a souped up
mini and a nice looking 19” Dell
flat panel monitor (the Apple
monitors are too expensive),
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you might as well have just
bought a 17” iMac. I’ve been
buying all my Macs this year
with 2gb of RAM, and the
biggest hard disk that I can
get, and I just did a sample
shopping cart of the with a Mac
mini completely “pimped out,”
and it came to $1323 without
a monitor. Considering that a
similarly pimped out Intel iMac
17” would be $1599 and that
it includes a faster Intel chip,
a better graphics subsystem,
and a gorgeous screen, I have
a hard time understanding why
anyone would buy a Mac mini.
I had heard that they were
flying off the shelves by people
anxious to own a Mac, so
maybe I just don’t understand
the attraction, or maybe the
people buying minis already
have monitors and don’t do
anything except type email and
documents. I really could only
recommend a Mac mini for the
dashboard display in your car
(yes, people are using them
for that), or if you only have
$599 to spend and have a
bunch of old stuff (like a screen
and keyboard) already. I had
previously considered buying a
mini and giving it to my in-laws
so that we could share digital
pictures with them, but now
that I’ve seen how fun the iMac
and MacBook Pro are with their
built-in video cameras, I do not
think I would put a mini at the
in-law’s house anymore.
Mac 911
Solutions to your
most vexing Mac
March 2006
RAID pane, and click on Create
(see “It’s a RAID!”).
It’s a RAID!
Disk Utility harbors all the tools
necessary to create a striped
RAID array that you can use as
By Christopher Breen
a superfast startup disk.
Running RAID
Quit Disk Utility to return to
I’d like to improve my Power
the OS X installer. Once there,
Mac G5’s performance by
you can pick the RAID as your
using a RAID array as my boot
installation destination. Select
volume. What’s the best way
it, proceed with the installation,
to do this? I have two Western
and you’re good to go.
Digital Raptor hard drives with a
Turning point
RAID 0 (striped) configuration.-I have an LCD monitor that
Miguel Uriarte
can pivot and rotate. The
For people who aren’t in the
only problem is that the
know, a RAID (Redundant
manufacturer doesn’t make a
Array of Independent Disks)
Mac driver that supports portrait
combines multiple volumes in
mode. Is there a third-party
such a way that Mac OS views
program or even a Terminal
them as one. A striped RAID
command that will let me rotate
is nonredundant, meaning that
the image when I turn my
it spreads the data among the
monitor?--Fred Fayaz
various volumes that make up
Your LCD’s portrait mode offers
the RAID. The danger in using
a nifty way to work on a big
such a RAID is that if one of the
vertical image or a long text
hard drives bites the dust, all
document. In Tiger, Mac OS
your data is kaput.
finally has native support for
To get started, insert your Mac
display rotation, provided that
OS X installer disk and doubleyou have the right graphics
click on it. (You’ll need Panther
or later, as only these versions
One way to tell if your graphics
of Mac OS can boot from a
card is up to the task is to
striped RAID.) Double-click on
open the Displays preference
Install Mac OS X, and click on
pane and look for a Rotate
Restart to boot from the disc.
option. Even if that option is
When the Installer launches,
missing, you might be able to
select Utilities: Disk Utility.
rotate your display’s image, as
First you’ll create the RAID
long as your Mac has some
array. In Disk Utility, select one
variety of ATI Radeon card,
of the external drives in the left
including the Radeon 7000,
side of the window and click on
8500, 9000, 9200, 9800, and
the RAID tab. Choose Striped
Mac Edition, and built-in and
RAID Set from the RAID Type
Mobility variations. To find
pop-up menu, drag the other
out which card you have (in
volumes that you want to
Tiger), open System Profiler
include in the RAID into the
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(/Applications/Utilities). Select
Graphics/Displays from the
Contents list. The window will
update, and you’ll see your
video card’s name at the top of
the information on the right.
If you have a supported card,
you need a piece of software
to rotate the image on screen.
Download ATI’s ATI Display
application and launch it. Click
on the Advanced button in
the resulting window; in the
Versavision tab, click on one
of the rotation options (180
or 90 degrees clockwise or
Really old files, new Mac
I just purchased an iMac
G5 after using a Performa
6360 for nearly ten years. I
created all my records and
correspondence files with
Microsoft Works 3.0. I’ve been
able to transfer the files to the
G5 via a floppy disk, but I can’t
get the iMac to open them. Is
there a way to do this?-- From
the forums
You’ve already overcome one
the most difficult parts of the
operation-- moving your files
from what’s now considered
ancient hardware to a new Mac
(for more tips, see Working
Mac, September 2005).
To complete the process, you
could return to the Performa
and save the files in a format
compatible with today’s
software. To do this, launch
Microsoft Works, open a
document you want to save,
and explore the program’s Save
As command for options other
than the native Works format-plain text or Microsoft Word, for
example. You can easily open
either of these formats on a
modern Mac.
However, that could prove
awfully tedious. If you’re
willing to fork over some cash
for convenience, you can do
the work quickly on your new
iMac by purchasing DataViz’s
MacLinkPlus Deluxe 15 ($80).
This program can convert
files from a host of older
applications, including Microsoft
Works 3.0 and 4.0 (but not
more- recent versions). It’s
pricey if you need to convert
only a couple of documents,
but for the hundreds you likely
have, it’s the best solution I can
think of.
Skype’s the limit
I want to be able to Podcast
live on my radio show. In
other words, the calls from my
listeners will come in directly to
the computer; I’ll mix them with
my microphone’s audio, and
then send the whole thing out
as my Podcast signal. What do
you recommend?--Walter R.
Many people I know forgo the
phone lines for this purpose
and instead use the voiceover-IP (VoIP) program, Skype.
Why? Skype’s results sound
far better than those of a phone
routed through a recording
device or a mike held up to a
speakerphone. Plus it’s free if
you’re talking over the Internet
to someone who also has
Skype. It also doesn’t require a
lot of convoluted cabling.
You’ll need some help,
however, capturing the audio
from Skype and from your
March 2006
microphone. Two applications
can do this--Ambrosia
Software’s WireTap Pro ($19)
and Rogue Amoeba’s Audio
Hijack Pro ($32). Each has its
WireTap Pro is easier to set
up than Audio Hijack Pro. Just
launch the program, select File:
Mac Audio & Microphone, and
click on the Record button; your
Mac will record both the signal
from your mike and any and all
sounds your Mac generates,
including the voice of the
person you’re speaking with
over Skype. The disadvantage
to this setup is that WireTap
Pro isn’t choosy about what it
records. As I said, it will record
any and all sounds your Mac
plays, so if iChat makes its
bubbly sound or Entourage
announces new mail with a
chime, WireTap will record that
Audio Hijack Pro avoids
this issue by recording from
targeted applications only. In
this case, you can direct Audio
Hijack to record just your voice
and any audio you receive via
Skype. Intercepting Skype’s
audio with Audio Hijack is a bit
more complicated than with
WireTap Pro, as you have to
muck around within the Effects
portion of the program, but
Audio Hijack’s user manual
provides clear instructions.
Orderly icons
I’m running Tiger and I prefer
to keep files and folders in
Icon view. But when I have
a collection of folders that is
larger than the window, the
set gets disordered. Is there a
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way to force the folders to stay
where I want them?--Via the
When you’re in the Finder,
you can choose View: Arrange
By: Name to sort your icons
alphabetically, but that won’t
necessarily help if you’ve
named the folders randomly.
For this kind of thing, I rely on
techniques of old--specifically,
naming folders so that they
appear in the order you
want when you sort them
To bump an item to the top of
the list, add a space before its
name. To make an item appear
after a spaced item but before a
numbered or lettered item, add
a tilde (~) to the beginning of its
name. And, of course, to force
items to the bottom, precede
their names with a z. It’s not
as elegant as, say, a Finder
command that reads “Stay
where you are, stupid!” But until
Apple invents such a command,
you’ll have to take matters into
your own hands.
Salvaging a spare eMac Is it
possible to connect a Mac mini
to an eMac so that you can
boot from the mini and use the
eMac’s internal hard drive as
a secondary drive?--Stephen
Although this is kind of an
expensive way to add another
hard drive to your setup, it’s
certainly possible to do via
FireWire Target Disk mode.
Shut down the two computers,
link them with a Fire-Wire cable,
start up the eMac while holding
down the keyboard’s T key to
boot it into Target Disk mode,
and then boot the Mac mini.
When the mini finishes booting,
the eMac’s hard drive will
appear on the mini’s desktop as
if it were a removable hard drive
(which in essence it is). The
eMac’s screen will display a
floating FireWire symbol. While
in Target Disk mode, the eMac
will be unusable as anything
other than a secondary drive for
the mini.
Practical contact sheets
Creating Contacts Create
annotated contact sheets by
exporting your iPhoto images
as a Web page.
I am a photographer and
would like to use iPhoto to print
contact sheets for my clients
to accompany their CDs of
images. The problem is that
iPhoto won’t let me print contact
sheets with the image numbers-it will print only the thumbnails
themselves. This makes the
contact sheets essentially
useless. Is there a setting I’m
missing?--Ashley Williamson
You’re printing contact sheets
correctly, but, as you suggest,
iPhoto doesn’t allow you to
print titles or file names to
accompany these images.
Here’s a way around the
In iPhoto, select the images
you’d like to appear on the
contact sheet and choose
Share: Export. In the resulting
Export Photos window, click on
the Web Page tab. Enter the
number of columns and rows
of pictures you’d like to appear
on a page; in the Thumbnail
portion of the window, enable
the Show Title option (see
March 2006
“Creating Contacts”). Click on
Export to save the pictures to a
Web page.
When you open that Web page
in your browser, you’ll discover
that it carries not only the
images you selected, but also
each image’s title (by default,
the image number). Now simply
print each page and you’ve got
the contact sheet you’re after.
You can continue to put this
technique to good use by
including the Web page and
its accompanying images in a
folder on the CD. (The folder
should contain an index page
and two folders, labeled Web
page name- Thumbnails and
Web page name-Images.) That
way, your clients can browse
the thumbnails in your contact
sheet and then click on them to
view the full-size images.
3 workflows for healthy Macs
If you’re like a lot of Tiger users,
Automator--Apple’s automation
application, which puts a
friendlier face on AppleScript-intrigues you, yet when you
attempt to create an Automator
workflow, you’re lost. Relax-you don’t have to do it
yourself. If you’re interested
in maintaining a healthier and
more efficient Mac, try these
prefabricated workflows:
? Jesse Hogue’s Maintenance
3.0 (free): By tapping into
Terminal, this workflow can
repair permissions on your
startup drive, verify system
preferences, run OS X’s
periodic cron maintenance
tasks, and update application
prebindings (a system for
optimizing app libraries so the
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applications themselves run
more efficiently). You can select
which tasks you’d like to run or
simply choose to run them all.
? Jesse Hogue’s Back Me Up
(free): This workflow uses OS
X’s rsync command to copy
the contents of one folder to
another folder. On subsequent
backups, it will compare the
contents of both folders and
copy only the changed files and
folders--for example, you might
use it to back up a folder that
contains files for a particular
work project.
? Batch Apply Spotlight
Keywords (free): If Spotlight
spits out too many results
whenever you use it, this
workflow will help you stop
wasting time. It lets you select
files or folders full of files and
append Spotlight comments
to them so you can more
easily focus your searches.
For example, I’ve added the
comment 911column to my
archive of columns so Spotlight
can quickly find them without
also listing other Mac 911related items.
Recovering lost users
When I upgraded my home
computer to Tiger, I discovered
to my horror that my entire
family was missing--well, their
login user names were, anyway.
After searching for them
everywhere, I finally discovered
that if I add a new user--with
the same name as the missing
user--to the login page, my
Mac tells me there is a folder
attached to that name and
asks if I would like to reattach
it. When I click on OK, the old
user returns.--Gino Del Guercio
You can also use this tip to
recover deleted users. Just
open the Deleted Users folder
(found within the Users folder
at the root level of the startup
volume), and double-click on
the DMG file of a deleted user- Mary.dmg, for example. Then
create a new folder within the
Users folder, give it the name
of the deleted user you want to
recover, and copy the contents
of the mounted disk-image
file into this new folder. Now
launch the Accounts preference
pane and create a user with
that name. As Gino indicates,
your Mac will ask if you’d like to
attach the deleted user’s files to
the newly created user.--Ed.
A Virus for the
by Gregg McFarland
Get outta here! The Mac
doesn’t have any viruses!
Actually, it does have some
viruses, and two hit the Internet
this past month. One of them
(and there are variations
with different names) takes
advantage of a security hole
on Safari. The idea is that
a properly coded web page
could offer to send your Mac
an innocent looking file. Safari
would see this “Safe File” and
(using Safari’s default settings)
would start to download AND
OPEN this file automatically.
Now, once opened, this file
could contain some UNIX
commands that could do
anything from changing your
system clock settings to
March 2006
completely erasing your Hard
Drive. This sounds horrible,
and it is. But fortunately there
is an easy work around. If you
use Apple’s web browser Safari
select Preferences under the
Safari menu. In the General
section, uncheck “Open ‘safe’
files after downloading”. It’s
that easy!
The second virus, the “iChat
Virus” can be just as nasty.
Fortunately it can be prevented
nearly as easily. This virus gets
into your computer through
(as you may have guessed)
iChat. Here’s how it goes. As
you’re chatting with someone
(who has been infected by this
virus) you get a notice that a
file is being sent to you. When
this file finishes downloading
and opens, you would get an
authentication request. Trusting
folk would then enter their
admin password and the code
of the virus would then enter
the computer and do whatever
it wishes. The security for this
one is just to be aware of what
is going on with your computer.
If someone starts to send you
a file, ask them what it is all
about. And be very aware of
software that asks for your
admin password. If you do not
know exactly what that software
does then don’t give it your
Now this week Apple released
some security updates that
protect against both of these
viruses. I’d go ahead and
download the updates and rest
a little easier.
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