PLC Fault Table - Platforma Internetowa ASTOR.

PLC Fault Table - Platforma Internetowa ASTOR.

GE Fanuc Automation

Programmable Control Products

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users

GFK-1411C May 2000

GFL-002

Warnings, Cautions, and Notes as Used in this Publication

Warning

Warning notices are used in this publication to emphasize that hazardous voltages, currents, temperatures, or other conditions that could cause personal injury exist in this equipment or may be associated with its use.

In situations where inattention could cause either personal injury or damage to equipment, a Warning notice is used.

Caution

Caution notices are used where equipment might be damaged if care is not taken.

Note

Notes merely call attention to information that is especially significant to understanding and operating the equipment.

This document is based on information available at the time of its publication. While efforts have been made to be accurate, the information contained herein does not purport to cover all details or variations in hardware or software, nor to provide for every possible contingency in connection with installation, operation, or maintenance. Features may be described herein which are not present in all hardware and software systems. GE Fanuc Automation assumes no obligation of notice to holders of this document with respect to changes subsequently made.

GE Fanuc Automation makes no representation or warranty, expressed, implied, or statutory with respect to, and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, sufficiency, or usefulness of the information contained herein. No warranties of merchantability or fitness for purpose shall apply.

The following are trademarks of GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.

Alarm Master

CIMPLICITY

CIMPLICITY 90-ADS

CIMSTAR

Field Control

GEnet

Genius

Helpmate

Logicmaster

Modelmaster

Motion Mate

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Series 90

Series Five

Series One

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©Copyright 1997-2000 GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.

All Rights Reserved.

Preface

This manual accompanies Control software versions 2.4 and later, VersaPro software versions 1.0

and later, and is applicable to version 10.0 of the Series 90-30 PLC CPUs.

Revisions to This Manual

The following changes have been made to this manual (GFK-1411C) as compared to the previous version (GFK-1411B).

Added an example in Chapter 2 (page 2-17) of the maximum number of nested calls for subroutine blocks allowed and text immediately before and after the example.

I/O scan time contributions for the DSM314 motion control module have been added to Table

2-2 on page 2-5.

DSM314 communications with the PLC has been added in Chapter 2 (page 2-11).

A description of Local Logic Programs for the DSM314 motion control module has been included in Chapter 2 (page 2-39).

Description of a new feature, Reboot After Fatal Failure, has been added in Section 1 of

Chapter 3 (page 3-4).

Other corrections and clarifications as needed.

Content of This Manual

Chapter 1.

Chapter 2.

Chapter 3.

Introduction: provides an overview of the Series 90-30 PLCs.

System Operation: describes PLC sweep, program organization and user references, power-up and power-down sequences, clocks and timers, system security, and other information about the Series 90-30 system.

Fault Explanation and Correction: describes fault handling and both PLC and

I/O fault table explanations.

Appendix A.

Instruction Timing: lists the memory size in bytes and execution time in microseconds for each programming instruction.

Appendix B.

Interpreting Fault Tables: describes how to interpret the message structure format when reading the fault tables.

Appendix C.

Using Floating-Point Numbers: describes special considerations when using floating-point numbers.

GFK-1411C iii

Preface

Appendix D.

Setting Up a Modem: describes how to set up 32-bit modem communications with your PLC using the Windows programming software and the

Communications Configuration Utility (CCU)

Related Information

Manuals

VersaPro User's Guide

TCP/IP Ethernet Communications for the Series 90™ PLC

Using Control Software

Host Drivers and Communications Configuration Software for Windows® Environments

C Programmer's Toolkit for Series 90 PLCs User's Manual

Series 90™-30 PLC Installation and Hardware Manual

GFK-1670

GFK-1541

GFK-1295

GFK-1026

GFK-0646

GFK-0356

Other

GE Fanuc General Automation Online Support

http://www.gefanuc.com/support/plc/default.htm

GE Fanuc PLC Hotline Fax on Demand System (FaxLink)

804-978-5824

GE Fanuc PLC Hotline Telephone Number

1-800-GE Fanuc (1-800-433-2682)

International Customers direct dial: 804-978-6036

At GE Fanuc Automation, we strive to produce quality technical documentation. Please contact us with any comments you may have regarding this manual.

Henry Konat

Technical Writer iv Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users –May 2000 GFK-1411C

Contents

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Introduction..................................................................................................... 1-1

System Operation ............................................................................................ 2-1

Section 1: PLC Sweep Summary .................................................................. 2-2

Standard Program Sweep .............................................................................................. 2-2

Sweep Time Calculation......................................................................................... 2-7

Example of Sweep Time Calculation ..................................................................... 2-7

Housekeeping ....................................................................................................... 2-7

Input Scan............................................................................................................. 2-7

Application Program Logic Scan or Solution ......................................................... 2-8

Output Scan .......................................................................................................... 2-8

Logic Program Checksum Calculation................................................................... 2-8

Programmer Communications Window......................................................................... 2-9

System Communications Window .............................................................................. 2-10

PCM Communications with the PLC (Models 331 and Higher)................................... 2-11

DSM Communications with the PLC .......................................................................... 2-11

Standard Program Sweep Variations ........................................................................... 2-12

Constant Sweep Time Mode ................................................................................. 2-12

PLC Sweep When in STOP Mode ........................................................................ 2-12

Communication Window Modes........................................................................... 2-13

Key Switch on 35x and 36x Series CPUs: Change Mode and Flash Protect ................. 2-13

Using the Release 7 and Later Key Switch............................................................ 2-13

Clearing the Fault Table with the Key Switch ....................................................... 2-14

Enhanced Memory Protect with Release 8 and Later CPUs................................... 2-14

Section 2: Program Organization and User References/Data ....................2-15

Subroutine Blocks....................................................................................................... 2-16

Examples of Using Subroutine Blocks .................................................................. 2-16

How Blocks Are Called ........................................................................................ 2-17

Periodic Subroutines............................................................................................. 2-18

User References.......................................................................................................... 2-19

Transitions and Overrides ..................................................................................... 2-20

Retentiveness of Data ........................................................................................... 2-20

Data Types ................................................................................................................. 2-21

System Status References ........................................................................................... 2-22

Function Block Structure ............................................................................................ 2-25

Format of Ladder Logic Relays ............................................................................ 2-25

Format of Program Function Blocks ..................................................................... 2-26

Function Block Parameters ......................................................................................... 2-27

Power Flow In and Out of a Function .................................................................. 2-28

Section 3: Power-Up and Power-Down Sequences......................................2-29

Power-Up ................................................................................................................... 2-29

Power-Down............................................................................................................... 2-31

GFK-1411C v

Contents

vi

Chapter 3

Section 4: Clocks and Timers.......................................................................2-32

Elapsed Time Clock.................................................................................................... 2-32

Time-of-Day Clock..................................................................................................... 2-32

Watchdog Timer ......................................................................................................... 2-33

Constant Sweep Timer ................................................................................................ 2-33

Time-Tick Contacts .................................................................................................... 2-33

Section 5: System Security .............................................................................2-34

Passwords................................................................................................................... 2-34

Privilege Level Change Requests ................................................................................ 2-34

Locking/Unlocking Subroutines.................................................................................. 2-35

Permanently Locking a Subroutine.............................................................................. 2-35

Section 6: Series 90-30 I/O System...............................................................2-36

Series 90-30 I/O Modules ........................................................................................... 2-37

I/O Data Formats ........................................................................................................ 2-39

Default Conditions for Series 90-30 Output Modules .................................................. 2-39

Diagnostic Data .......................................................................................................... 2-40

Global Data ................................................................................................................ 2-40

Genius Global Data .............................................................................................. 2-40

Ethernet Global Data ............................................................................................ 2-40

Local Logic Programs .......................................................................................... 2-40

Fault Explanation and Correction.................................................................. 3-1

Section 1: Fault Handling .............................................................................. 3-2

Alarm Processor ........................................................................................................... 3-2

Classes of Faults ........................................................................................................... 3-2

System Reaction to Faults............................................................................................. 3-3

Fault Tables............................................................................................................ 3-3

Fault Action ........................................................................................................... 3-4

Reboot After Fatal Fault ......................................................................................... 3-4

Fault References ........................................................................................................... 3-5

Fault Reference Definitions .......................................................................................... 3-5

Additional Fault Effects ................................................................................................ 3-5

PLC Fault Table Display............................................................................................... 3-6

I/O Fault Table Display ................................................................................................ 3-6

Accessing Additional Fault Information........................................................................ 3-7

Section 2: PLC Fault Table Explanations ..................................................... 3-8

Fault Actions ................................................................................................................ 3-9

Loss of, or Missing, Option Module........................................................................ 3-9

Reset of, Addition of, or Extra, Option Module....................................................... 3-9

System Configuration Mismatch........................................................................... 3-10

Option Module Software Failure........................................................................... 3-11

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users –May 2000 GFK-1411C

Contents

Program Block Checksum Failure......................................................................... 3-11

Low Battery Signal............................................................................................... 3-11

Constant Sweep Time Exceeded ........................................................................... 3-12

Application Fault.................................................................................................. 3-12

No User Program Present ..................................................................................... 3-12

Corrupted User Program on Power-Up ................................................................. 3-13

Password Access Failure ...................................................................................... 3-13

PLC CPU System Software Failure....................................................................... 3-14

Communications Failure During Store.................................................................. 3-16

Section 3: I/O Fault Table Explanations ......................................................3-17

Loss of I/O Module..................................................................................................... 3-17

Addition of I/O Module .............................................................................................. 3-18

Appendix A Instruction Timing ..........................................................................................A-1

Instruction Timing Tables ............................................................................................ A-2

Instruction Sizes for High Performance CPUs ............................................................ A-12

Boolean Execution Times .......................................................................................... A-12

Appendix B Interpreting Fault Tables................................................................................B-1

PLC Fault Table .......................................................................................................... B-2

I/O Fault Table ............................................................................................................ B-8

Appendix C Using Floating-Point Numbers .......................................................................C-1

Floating-Point Numbers............................................................................................... C-1

Internal Format of Floating-Point Numbers .................................................................. C-3

Values of Floating-Point Numbers ............................................................................... C-4

Entering and Displaying Floating-Point Numbers......................................................... C-5

Errors in Floating-Point Numbers and Operations ........................................................ C-6

Appendix D Setting Up a Modem........................................................................................D-1

Modem Configuration and Cabling .............................................................................. D-1

PLC CPU Configuration .............................................................................................. D-2

Installing the Modem into Windows............................................................................. D-3

Setting Up the Communications Configuration Utility (CCU) ...................................... D-4

Connecting to the PLC................................................................................................. D-6

Using the HyperTerminal Utility to Establish Connection ............................................ D-7

Other Issues................................................................................................................. D-8

GFK-1411C Contents vii

Contents

Figure 2-1. PLC Sweep ............................................................................................................................ 2-3

Figure 2-2. Programmer Communications Window Flow Chart................................................................ 2-9

Figure 2-3. System Communications Window Flow Chart...................................................................... 2-10

Figure 2-4. PCM Communications with the PLC .................................................................................... 2-11

Figure 2-5. Power-Up Sequence ............................................................................................................ 2-30

Figure 2-6. Time-Tick Contact Timing Diagram..................................................................................... 2-33

Figure 2-7. Series 90-30 I/O Structure ................................................................................................... 2-36

Figure 2-8. Series 90-30 I/O Modules..................................................................................................... 2-37

viii Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users –May 2000 GFK-1411C

Contents

Table 2-1. Sweep Time Contribution ........................................................................................................ 2-4

Table 2-2. I/O Scan Time Contributions for the Series 90-30 35x and 36x CPUs (in milliseconds)............ 2-5

Table 2-3. I/O Scan Time Contributions for the Series 90-30 CPUs up to 341 (in milliseconds) ................ 2-6

Table 2-4. Register References ............................................................................................................... 2-19

Table 2-5. Discrete References ............................................................................................................... 2-19

Table 2-5. Discrete References - Continued ............................................................................................ 2-20

Table 2-6. Data Types ............................................................................................................................ 2-21

Table 2-7. System Status References ...................................................................................................... 2-22

Table 2-7. System Status References - Continued ................................................................................... 2-24

Table 2-7. System Status References - Continued ................................................................................... 2-25

Table 2-8. Series 90-30 I/O Modules - Continued ................................................................................... 2-38

Table 2-8. Series 90-30 I/O Modules - Continued ................................................................................... 2-39

Table 3-1. Fault Summary ........................................................................................................................ 3-3

Table 3-2. Fault Actions .......................................................................................................................... 3-4

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models ................................................................................... A-2

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models-Continued ................................................................... A-3

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models-Continued .................................................................. A-4

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models-Continued ................................................................... A-5

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models...................................................................... A-6

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models-Continued..................................................... A-7

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models-Continued..................................................... A-8

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models-Continued..................................................... A-9

Table A-3. SER Function Block Timing ............................................................................................... A-10

Table A-4. SER Function Block Trigger Timestamp Formats ............................................................... A-11

Table A-5. Instruction Sizes for 350—352, 360, 363, and 364 CPUs .................................................... A-12

Table B-1. PLC Fault Groups ................................................................................................................. B-4

Table B-2. PLC Fault Actions ................................................................................................................ B-4

Table B-3. Alarm Error Codes for PLC CPU Software Faults ................................................................. B-5

Table B-4. Alarm Error Codes for PLC Faults ........................................................................................ B-6

Table B-5. PLC Fault Data - Illegal Boolean Opcode Detected ............................................................... B-7

Table B-6. PLC Fault Time Stamp.......................................................................................................... B-7

Table B-7. I/O Fault Table Format Indicator Byte................................................................................... B-9

Table B-8. I/O Reference Address .......................................................................................................... B-9

Table B-9. I/O Reference Address Memory Type ................................................................................... B-9

Table B-10. I/O Fault Groups ............................................................................................................... B-10

Table B-11. I/O Fault Actions .............................................................................................................. B-10

GFK-1411C Contents ix

Contents

Table B-12. I/O Fault Specific Data...................................................................................................... B-11

Table B-13. I/O Fault Time Stamp........................................................................................................ B-11

Table C-1. General Case of Power Flow for Floating-Point Operations ................................................... C-7

x Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users –May 2000 GFK-1411C

Chapter

1

Introduction

The Series 90-30 PLCs are members of the GE Fanuc Series 90™ family of Programmable Logic

Controllers (PLCs). They are easy to install and configure, offer advanced programming features, and are compatible with the Series 90-70 PLCs.

Two Windows-based configuration/programming packages are available for Series 90-30 PLCs.

VersaPro software supports all Series 90-30 CPUs. Control software supports the 35x and 36x series CPUs.

The software structure for the 341 and lower Series 90-30 PLCs uses an architecture that manages memory and execution priority in the 80188 microprocessor. The 35x and 36x series of

Series 90-30 PLCs use an 80386EX microprocessor. This operation supports both program execution and basic housekeeping tasks such as diagnostic routines, input/output scanners, and alarm processing. The system software also contains routines to communicate with the programmer. These routines provide for the upload and download of application programs, return of status information, and control of the PLC.

In the Series 90-30 PLC, a dedicated Instruction Sequencer Coprocessor (ISCP) controls the application (user logic) program that controls the end process to which the PLC is applied. The

ISCP is implemented in hardware in the Model 313 and higher and in software in the Model 311 systems. The 80188 microprocessor and the ISCP can execute simultaneously, allowing the microprocessor to service communications while the ISCP is executing the bulk of the application program; however, the microprocessor must execute the non-Boolean function blocks. Faults occur in the Series 90-30 PLC when certain failures or conditions happen that affect the operation and performance of the system. These conditions may affect the ability of the PLC to control a machine or process. Other conditions may only act as an alert, such as a low battery signal to indicate that the voltage of the battery protecting the memory is low and should be replaced. The condition or failure is called a fault.

Faults are handled by a software alarm processor function that records the faults in either the PLC fault table or the I/O fault table. (Model 331 and higher CPUs also time-stamp the faults.) These tables can be displayed through the programming software.

Note

Floating-point capabilities are only supported on the 35x and 36x series CPUs,

Release 9 or later, and on all releases of CPU352.

GFK-1411C 1-1

Note

For additional information, see the appendices in the back of this manual.

Appendix A lists the memory size in bytes and the execution time in microseconds for each programming instruction.

Appendix B describes how to interpret the message structure format when reading the PLC and I/O fault tables.

Appendix C describes special considerations for using floating point functions.

Appendix D describes how to set up modem communications.

1-2 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Chapter

2

System Operation

This chapter describes certain system operations of the Series 90-30 PLC systems. These system operations include:

A summary of PLC sweep sequences (Section 1) ................................................. 2-2

Program organization and user references/data (Section 2) ................................ 2-15

Power-up and power-down sequences (Section 3) .............................................. 2-28

Clocks and timers (Section 4) ............................................................................ 2-31

System security through password assignment (Section 5) ................................. 2-33

Series 90-30 I/O system (Section 6) ................................................................... 2-35

GFK-1411C 2-1

2

Section 1: PLC Sweep Summary

The logic program in the Series 90-30 PLCs execute repeatedly until stopped by a command from the programmer or a command from another device. The sequence of operations necessary to execute a program one time is called a sweep. In addition to executing the logic program, the sweep includes obtaining data from input devices, sending data to output devices, performing internal housekeeping, servicing the programmer, and servicing other communications.

Series 90-30 PLCs normally operate in

STANDARD PROGRAM SWEEP

mode. Other operating modes include

STOP WITH I/O DISABLED

mode,

STOP WITH I/O ENABLED

mode, and

CONSTANT SWEEP

mode. Each of these modes, described in this chapter, is controlled by external events and application configuration settings. The PLC makes the decision regarding its operating mode at the start of every sweep.

Standard Program Sweep

STANDARD PROGRAM SWEEP

mode normally runs under all conditions. The CPU operates by executing an application program, updating I/O, and performing communications and other tasks.

This occurs in a repetitive cycle called the CPU sweep. There are seven parts to the execution sequence of the Standard Program Sweep:

1

.

Start-of-sweep housekeeping

2

.

Input scan (read inputs)

3

.

Application program logic solution

4

.

Output scan (update outputs)

5

.

Programmer service

6

.

Non-programmer service

7

.

Diagnostics

2-2 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

GFK-1411C

2

All of these steps execute every sweep. Although the Programmer Communications Window opens each sweep, programmer services only occur if a board fault has been detected or if the programming device issues a service request; that is, the Programmer Communications Window first checks for work to do and exits if there is none. The sequence of the standard program sweep is shown in the following figure.

START-OF-SWEEP

HOUSEKEEPING

I/O

ENABLED

?

YES

INPUT SCAN

NO

RUN

MODE

?

YES

LOGIC SOLUTION

NO

I/O

ENABLED

?

YES

OUTPUT SCAN

NO

HOUSEKEEPING

DATA

INPUT

PROGRAM

EXECUTION

DATA

OUTPUT

SCAN

TIME

OF

PLC a43064

PROGRAMMER

COMMUNICATIONS

SYSTEM

COMMUNICATIONS

USER PROGRAM

CHECKSUM

CALCULATION

START NEXT SWEEP

Figure 2-1. PLC Sweep

PROGRAMMER

SERVICE

SYSTEM

COMMUNICATIONS

DIAGNOSTICS

Chapter 2 System Operation 2-3

2

As shown in the PLC sweep sequence, several items are included in the sweep. These items contribute to the total sweep time as shown in the following table.

Table 2-1. Sweep Time Contribution

Sweep

Element Description

311/313

0.714

Time Contribution (ms) 4

331 340/341

0.705

0.424

0.279

351/352

(35x and 36x)

5

Housekeeping

Data Input

Program

Execution

Calculate sweep time.

Schedule start of next sweep.

Determine mode of next sweep.

Update fault reference tables.

Reset watchdog timer.

Input data is received from input and option modules.

User logic is solved.

Data Output

Service External

Devices

Output data is sent to output and option modules.

Service requests from programming devices and intelligent modules are processed. 1

HHP

LM-90

PCM 2

Reconfiguration Slots with faulted modules and empty slots are monitored.

Diagnostics Verify user program integrity (time contribution is the time required per word checksummed each sweep). 3

See tables 2-2 and 2-3 for scan time contributions.

Execution time is dependent upon the length of the program and the type of instructions used in the program.

Instruction execution times are listed in Appendix A.

See tables 2-2 and 2-3 for scan time contributions.

4.426

2.383

N/A

0.458

0.050

4.524

2.454

3.337

0.639

0.048

2.476

1.248

1.943

0.463

0.031

0.334

0.517

0.482

0.319

0.010

1.

The scan time contribution of external device service is dependent upon the mode of the communications window in which the service is processed. If the window mode is LIMITED, a maximum of 8 milliseconds for the 311, 313, 323, and 331

CPUs and 6 milliseconds for the 340 and higher CPUs will be spent during that window. If the window mode is

RUN-TO-

COMPLETION

, a maximum of 50 milliseconds can be spent in that window, depending upon the number of requests which are presented simultaneously.

2.

These measurements were taken with the PCM physically present but not configured and with no application task running on the PCM.

3.

The number of words checksummed each sweep can be changed with the SVCREQ function block.

4.

These measurements were taken with an empty program and the default configuration. The Series 90-30 PLCs were in an empty 10-slot rack with no extension racks connected. Also, the times in this table assume that there is no periodic subroutine active; the times will be larger if a periodic subroutine is active.

5.

The times for the 350 CPU and the 36x series are estimated to be the same.

2-4 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Table 2-2. I/O Scan Time Contributions for the Series 90-30 35x and 36x CPUs (in milliseconds)

Module Type

Main

Rack

8-point discrete input

16-point discrete input

32-point discrete input

8-point discrete output

16-point discrete output

32-point discrete output

Combination discrete input/output

4-channel analog input

2-channel analog output

16-channel analog input

(current or voltage)

8-channel analog output

Combination analog input/output

High Speed Counter

I/O Processor

Ethernet Interface (no connection)

Power Mate APM (1-axis)

Power Mate APM (2-axis)

DSM 302

DSM 314

(not supported by

CPU351)

40 AI, 6 AQ

50 AI, 9 AQ

64 AI, 12 AQ

1 Axis

2 Axes

3 Axes

4 Axes

GCM

GCM+

GBC

PCM 311

2.143

2.427

2.864

1.6

2.2

no devices

8 64-word devices no devices

32 64-word devices

2.8

3.3

.911

8.826

.567

1.714

no devices .798

32 64-word devices 18.382

.476

not configured, or no application task read 128 %R as fast as possible

.485

1.274

1.220

1.381

1.574

.038

1.527

1.807

.030

.030

.043

.030

.030

.042

.060

.075

.058

.978

ADC (no task)

I/O Link Master

I/O Link Slave no devices

16 64-point devices

32-point

64-point

.476

.569

4.948

.087

.154

35x and 36x Series CPUs

Expansion

Rack

.055

.055

.073

.053

.053

.070

.112

.105

.114

1.446

3.315

3.732

4.317

2.6

3.8

4.3

5.2

1.637

16.932

1.988

1.999

2.106

2.402

.041

2.581

2.864

.866

2.514

1.202

25.377

N/A

N/A

N/A

.865

7.003

.146

.213

Remote

Rack

.206

.206

.269

.197

.197

.259

.405

.396

.402

3.999

N/A

N/A

1.932

19.908

.553

.789

9.527

11.092

13.138

6.9

9.9

13.0

15.9

5.020

21.179

4.472

4.338

5.221

6.388

.053

6.388

7.805

1.830

5.783

2.540

70.777

N/A

2

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-5

2

Table 2-3. I/O Scan Time Contributions for the Series 90-30 CPUs up to 341 (in milliseconds)

Module Type

311/313

Main

Rack

8-point discrete input

16-point discrete input

32-point discrete input

8-point discrete output

16-point discrete output

32-point discrete output

8-point combination input/output

4-channel analog input

2-channel analog output

.076

.075

.094

.084

.083

.109

.165

.151

.161

High Speed Counter

Power Mate APM (1-axis)

Power Mate APM (2-axis)

DSM 302 40 AI, 6 AQ

GCM

GCM+

2.070

2.190

2.330

2.460

3.181

3.647

3.613

4.081

50AI, 9 AQ

64 AI, 12 AQ

4.127

4.611

4.715

5.276

no devices .041

.054

8 64-point devices 11.420

11.570

.887

.967

4.120

6.250

PCM 311 no devices

32 64-point devices not configured, or no application task read 128 %R as fast as possible

N/A

N/A

3.350

4.900

ADC 311

16-channel analog input

(current or voltage)

I/O Link

Master no devices sixteen 64-point devices

I/O Link Slave 32-point

64-point

N/A 3.340

1.370

1.450

1.910

6.020

.206

.331

2.030

6.170

.222

.350

.054

.055

.094

.059

.061

.075

.141

.132

.138

CPU Model

.095

.097

.126

.097

.097

.129

.218

.183

.182

2.868

3.175

4.497

5.239

5.899

6.759

.063

13.247

1.164

8.529

331

Expansion

Rack

Remote

Rack

.255

.257

.335

.252

.253

.333

.529

.490

.428

5.587

6.647

9.303

11.430

13.310

15.747

.128

21.288

1.920

21.352

Main

Rack

.048

.048

.073

.053

.054

.079

.098

.117

.099

1.580

1.750

2.154

2.552

2.911

3.354

.038

9.536

.666

5.043

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.937

1.169

8.399

.289

.409

N/A

N/A

N/A

4.186

1.925

21.291

.689

1.009

1.684

2.052

1.678

1.092

.678

4.992

.146

.244

.089

.091

.115

.090

.090

.114

.176

.160

.148

2.175

2.506

3.097

3.648

4.170

4.840

.048

10.648

.901

7.146

340/341

Expansion

Rack

Remote

Rack

.249

.250

.321

.246

.248

.320

.489

.462

.392

4.897

5.899

7.729

9.697

11.406

13.615

.085

19.485

1.626

20.052

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.570

.904

6.985

.226

.321

N/A

N/A

N/A

3.796

1.628

20.010

.636

.926

2-6 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Sweep Time Calculation

Table 2-1 lists the seven items that contribute to the sweep time of the PLC. The sweep time consists of fixed times (housekeeping and diagnostics) and variable times. Variable times vary according to the I/O configuration, size of the user program, and the type of programming device connected to the PLC.

Example of Sweep Time Calculation

An example of the calculations for determining the sweep time for a Series 90-30 model 331 PLC are shown in the table shown below.

The modules and instructions used for these calculations are listed below:

Input modules: five 16-point Series 90-30 input modules.

Output modules: four 16-point Series 90-30 output modules.

Programming instructions: A 1200-step program consisting of 700 Boolean instructions (LD,

AND, OR, etc.), 300 output coils (OUT, OUTM, etc.), and 200 math functions (ADD, SUB, etc.).

Housekeeping

The housekeeping portion of the sweep performs all of the tasks necessary to prepare for the start of the sweep. If the PLC is in

CONSTANT SWEEP

mode, the sweep is delayed until the required sweep time elapses. If the required time has already elapsed, the OV_SWP %SA0002 contact is set, and the sweep continues without delay. Next, timer values (hundredths, tenths, and seconds) are updated by calculating the difference from the start of the previous sweep and the new sweep time. In order to maintain accuracy, the actual start of sweep is recorded in 100 microsecond increments. Each timer has a remainder field which contains the number of 100 microsecond increments that have occurred since the last time the timer value was incremented.

Input Scan

Scanning of inputs occurs during the input scan portion of the sweep, just prior to the logic solution. During this part of the sweep, all Series 90-30 input modules are scanned and their data stored in %I (discrete inputs) or %AI (analog inputs) memory, as appropriate. Any global data input received by a Genius Communications Module, an Enhanced Genius Communications

Module, or a Genius Bus Controller is stored in %G memory.

Modules are scanned in ascending reference address order, starting with the Genius

Communications Module, then discrete input modules, and finally analog input modules.

If the CPU is in

STOP

mode and the CPU is configured to not scan I/O in

STOP

mode, the input scan is skipped.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-7

2

Application Program Logic Scan or Solution

The application program logic scan is when the application logic program actually executes. The logic solution always begins with the first instruction in the user application program immediately following the completion of the input scan. Solving the logic provides a new set of outputs. The logic solution ends when the END instruction is executed (the END is invisible unless you are using a Hand-Held Monitor).

The ISCP and the 80C188 microprocessor execute the application program. In the model 313 and higher CPUs, the ISCP executes the Boolean instructions; and the 80C188 or 80386EX executes the timer, counter, and function blocks. In the model 311 CPUs, the 80C188 executes all Boolean, timer, counter, and function block instructions.

A list of execution times for each programming function can be found in Appendix A.

Output Scan

Outputs are scanned during the output scan portion of the sweep, immediately following the logic solution. Outputs are updated using data from %Q (for discrete outputs) and %AQ (for analog outputs) memory, as appropriate. If the Genius Communications Module is configured to transmit global data, then data from %G memory is sent to the GCM, GCM+, or GBC.

During the output scan, all Series 90-30 output modules are scanned in ascending reference address order.

If the CPU is in the

STOP

mode and the CPU is configured to not scan I/O during

STOP

mode, the output scan is skipped. The output scan is completed when all output data has been sent to all

Series 90-30 output modules.

Logic Program Checksum Calculation

A checksum calculation is performed on the user program at the end of every sweep. Since it would take too long to calculate the checksum of the entire program, you can specify the number of words from 0 to 32 to be checked on the CPU detail screen.

If the calculated checksum does not match the reference checksum, the program checksum failure exception flag is raised. This causes a fault entry to be inserted into the PLC fault table and the

PLC mode to be changed to

STOP

. If the checksum calculation fails, the programmer communications window is not affected. The default number of words to be checksummed is 8.

2-8 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Programmer Communications Window

This part of the sweep is dedicated to communicating with the programmer. If there is a programmer attached, the CPU executes the programmer communications window. The programmer communications window will not execute if there is no programmer attached and no board to be configured in the system. Only one board is configured each sweep.

Support is provided for the Hand-Held Programmer and for other programmers that can connect to the serial port and use the Series Ninety Protocol (SNP) protocol. Support is also provided for programmer communications with intelligent option modules.

In the default limited window mode, the CPU performs one operation for the programmer each sweep, that is, it honors one service request or response to one key press. If the programmer makes a request that requires more than 6 (or 8 depending on the CPU - see Note) milliseconds to process, the request processing is spread out over several sweeps so that no sweep is impacted by more than 6 (or 8 depending on the CPU - see Note) milliseconds.

Note

The time limit for the communications window is 6 milliseconds for the model

340 and higher CPUs and 8 milliseconds for the 311, 313, 323, and 331 models.

The following figure is a flow chart for the programmer communications portion of the sweep.

START a45659

PROGRAMMER

ATTACHED

PROGRAMMER

ATTACHED

STATUS

HAND-HELD

PROGRAMMER

ATTACHED

NO

ATTACHED

PROGRAMMER

REQUEST

?

YES

PROCESS REQUEST

PREVIOUS

STATUS

?

NOT

ATTACHED

NOT

ATTACHED

ABORT

OPERATION

IN PROGRESS

SETUP FOR

HAND-HELD

PROGRAMMER

PREVIOUS

STATUS

?

SETUP FOR

SERIES 90

PROTOCOL

SEND INITIAL

DISPLAY

KEY

PRESSED

?

ATTACHED

YES

PROCESS KEY

NO

SEND NEW DISPLAY

STOP

Figure 2-2. Programmer Communications Window Flow Chart

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-9

2-10

2

System Communications Window

This is the part of the sweep where communications requests from intelligent option modules, such as the PCM or DSM, are processed (see flow chart). Requests are serviced on a first-comefirst-served basis. However, since intelligent option modules are polled in a round-robin fashion, no intelligent option module has priority over any other intelligent option module.

In the default

Run

to

-

Completion

mode, the length of the system communications window is limited to 50 milliseconds. If an intelligent option module makes a request that requires more than

50 milliseconds to process, the request is spread out over multiple sweeps so that no one sweep is impacted by more than 50 milliseconds.

a43066

START

ANY

REQUESTS

IN QUEUE

?

YES

DEQUEUE A REQUEST

NO

PROCESS THE REQUEST

NO

WINDOW

TIMER

TIMEOUT

?

YES

POLLING

STOPPED

?

YES

RESTART POLLING

NO

STOP

Figure 2-3. System Communications Window Flow Chart

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

PCM Communications with the PLC (Models 331 and Higher)

There is no way for intelligent option modules (IOM), such as the PCM, to interrupt the CPU when they need service. The CPU must poll each intelligent option module for service requests.

This polling occurs asynchronously in the background during the sweep (see flow chart below).

When an intelligent option module is polled and sends the CPU a service request, the request is queued for processing during the system communications window.

a43067

START

ALL

IOMS

POLLED

?

NO

POLL NEXT IOM

YES

STOP POLLING

NO REQUEST

RECEIVED

?

YES

QUEUE REQUEST

Figure 2-4. PCM Communications with the PLC

DSM Communications with the PLC

The DSM302 and DSM314 are intelligent motion control modules operating asynchronously with the Series 90-30 CPU module. Data is exchanged between the CPU and the DSM modules automatically.

The DSM302 can be configured for three different lengths of %AI and %AQ data. A PLC CPU requires time to read and write the data across the backplane with the DSM302. Tables 2-2 and 2-

3 list the sweep impact for the different configurations of %AI and %AQ data for the DSM302.

For additional timing considerations that apply to the DSM302 module, refer to the Motion Mate

DSM302 for Series 90-30 PLCs User’s Manual, GFK-1464.

The length of %AI and %AQ data in the DSM314 is automatically assigned according to the number of axes selected (1 to 4). Table 2-2 lists the sweep impact for the different number of axes for the DSM314. Note that only 35x (except CPU351) and 36X CPUs support the DSM 314. For additional timing considerations that apply to the DSM314 module, refer to the Motion Mate

DSM314 for Series 90-30 PLCs User’s Manual, GFK-1741.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-11

2-12

2

Standard Program Sweep Variations

In addition to the normal execution of the standard program sweep, certain variations can be encountered or forced. These variations, described in the following paragraphs, can be displayed and/or changed from the programming software.

Constant Sweep Time Mode

In the standard program sweep, each sweep executes as quickly as possible with a varying amount of time consumed each sweep. An alternative to this is

CONSTANT SWEEP TIME

mode, where each sweep consumes the same amount of time. You can achieve this by setting the Configured

Constant Sweep, which will then become the default sweep mode, thereby taking effect each time the PLC goes from

STOP

to

RUN

mode. A value from 5 to 200 milliseconds (or up to 500 milliseconds for the 35x and 36x series PLC CPUs) for the constant sweep timer (default is 100 milliseconds) is supported.

Due to variations in the time required for various parts of the PLC sweep, the constant sweep time should be set at least 10 milliseconds higher than the sweep time that is displayed on the status line when the PLC is in

NORMAL SWEEP

mode. This prevents the occurrence of extraneous oversweep faults.

Use a constant sweep when I/O points or register values must be polled at a constant frequency, such as in control algorithms. One reason for using

CONSTANT SWEEP TIME

mode might be to ensure that I/O are updated at constant intervals. Another reason might be to ensure that a certain amount of time elapses between the output scan and the next sweep’s input scan, permitting inputs to settle after receiving output data from the program.

If the constant sweep timer expires before the sweep completes, the entire sweep, including the windows, is completed. However, an oversweep fault is logged at the beginning of the next sweep.

Note

Unlike the Active Constant Sweep which can be edited only in

RUN

mode, the

Configured Constant Sweep Mode can be edited only during

STOP

mode and you must “Store the configuration from the Programmer to the PLC” before the change will take effect. Once stored, this becomes the default sweep mode.

PLC Sweep When in STOP Mode

When the PLC is in

STOP

mode, the application program is not executed. Communications with the programmer and intelligent option modules continue. In addition, faulted board polling and board reconfiguration execution continue while in

STOP

mode. For efficiency, the operating system uses larger time-slice values than those used in

RUN

mode (usually about 50 milliseconds per window). You can choose whether or not the I/O is scanned. I/O scans may execute in

STOP

mode if the IOScan-Stop parameter on the CPU detail screen is set to

YES

.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Communication Window Modes

The default window mode for the programmer communication window is “Limited” mode. That means that if a request takes more than 6 milliseconds to process, it is processed over multiple sweeps, so that no one sweep is impacted by more than 6 milliseconds. For the 313, 323, and 331

CPUs, the sweep impact may be as much as 12 milliseconds during a

RUN

-mode store. Refer to the online help for instructions on changing the active mode within Control software.

Note

If the system window mode is changed to Limited, then option modules such as the PCM or GBC that communicate with the PLC using the system window will have less impact on sweep time, but response to their requests will be slower.

Key Switch on 35x and 36x Series CPUs: Change Mode and Flash

Protect

Each of the 35x and 36x series CPUs has a key switch on the front of the module that allows you to protect Flash memory from being over-written. When you turn the key to the

ON

/

RUN

position, no one can change the Flash memory without turning the key to the OFF position.

Beginning with Release 7 of the 351and 352 CPUs, the Key Switch has another function: it allows you to switch the PLC into

STOP

mode, into

RUN

mode, and to clear non-fatal faults as discussed in the next section.

Beginning with Release 8 of the 35x and the 36x series CPUs, the Key Switch has an enhanced memory protection function: it can be used to provide two additional types of memory protection

(see the “Using the Release 8 and Later Memory Protection” section).

If the key switch is enabled and in the ON/RUN position, you can change the Time of Day clock only through the programming software. The Hand Held Programmer does not allow you to change the Time of Day clock while key switch protection is active.

Using the Release 7 and Later Key Switch

Unlike the Flash Protection capabilities in the earlier release, if you do not enable the Key Switch through the

RUN

/

STOP

Key Switch parameter in the CPU’s configuration screen, the CPU does not have the enhanced control discussed here.

The operation of the Key Switch has the same safeguards and checks before the PLC goes to

RUN

mode just like the existing transition to

RUN

mode; that is, the PLC will not go to

RUN

mode via

Key Switch input when the PLC is in

STOP

/

FAULT

mode. However, in the

STOP/FAULT

mode, you can clear non-fatal faults and put the PLC in

RUN

mode through the use of the Key Switch.

If there are faults in the fault tables that are not fatal (that is, they do not cause the CPU to be placed in the

STOP

/

FAULT

mode), then the CPU will be placed in

RUN

mode the first time you turn the key from Stop to Run, and the fault tables will NOT be cleared.

If there are faults in the fault table that are fatal (CPU in

STOP

/

FAULT

mode), then the first transition of the Key Switch from the

STOP

position to the

RUN

position will cause the CPU

RUN

light to begin to flash at 2 Hz rate and a 5 second timer will begin. The flashing

RUN

light is an indication that there are fatal fault(s) in the fault tables. In which case, the CPU will NOT be placed in the

RUN

state even though the Key Switch is in

RUN

position.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-13

2

2-14

Clearing the Fault Table with the Key Switch

If you turn the key from the

RUN

to

STOP

and back to

RUN

position during the 5 seconds when the

RUN

light is flashing this will cause the faults to be cleared and the CPU will be placed into

RUN

mode. The light will stop flashing and will go solid

ON

at this point. The switch is required to be kept in either

RUN

or

STOP

position for at least 1/2 second before switching back to the other position.

Note

If you allow the 5 second timer to expire (

RUN

light stops flashing) the CPU will remain in its original state,

STOP

/

FAULT

mode, with faults in the fault table. If you turn the Key Switch from the

STOP

to

RUN

position again at this time, the process will be repeated with this being the first transition.

The following table provides a summary of how the two CPU parameter settings affecting the Key

Switch (R/S Switch and IOScan-Stop) and the Key Switch’s physical position affect PLC.

R/S Key Switch

Parameter in CPU

Configuration

OFF

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

Key Switch

Position

X

ON/RUN

OFF/STOP

Toggle Key

Switch from

OFF/STOP to

ON/RUN

Toggle Key

Switch from

ON/RUN to

OFF/STOP

Toggle Key

Switch from

ON/RUN to

OFF/STOP

IOScan-Stop

Parameter in CPU

Configuration

X

X

X

X

NO

YES

X = Has no effect regardless of setting

PLC Operation

All PLC Programmer Modes are allowed.

All PLC Programmer Modes are allowed.

PLC not allowed to go to RUN.

PLC goes to RUN if no fatal faults are present; otherwise, the RUN LED blinks for 5 seconds.

PLC goes to STOP–NO IO

PLC goes to STOP–IO

Enhanced Memory Protect with Release 8 and Later CPUs

In the Release 8 and later CPUs, the Key Switch has all the functionality discussed above, plus, by setting a parameter in the programming package, it can be used to protect RAM so that the RAM cannot be changed from the programming software. Two types of operations are blocked when this memory protection is enabled: the user program and configuration cannot be modified and the force and override of point data is not allowed. This is activated through the Memory Protect field in the Settings tab for the 35x or 36x series CPUs module in Hardware Configuration within

VersaPro or Control software. The default is Disabled.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Section 2: Program Organization and User References/Data

The total logic size for the Series 90-30 programmable controllers is listed in the following table.

Models

User Logic Memory

(Kbytes)

CPU311

CPU313, CPU323

CPU331

CPU340

CPU341

CPU350

6

12

16

32

80

80 (release 9 and later)

32 (prior to release 9)

240 (release 9 and later)

80 (prior to release 9)

CPU351, CPU352, CPU360, CPU363,

CPU364

Beginning with Release 9 CPUs, some memory sizes for the 351, 352 and 36x series are configurable. (For detailed instructions and a discussion of memory sizes available, refer to the online help within Control or VersaPro software. The user program contains logic that is used when it is started up. The maximum number of rungs allowed per logic block (main or subroutine) is 3000; the maximum block size is 80 kilobytes for C blocks and 16 kilobytes for LD and SFC blocks, but in an SFC block some of the 16 KB is used for the internal data block. The logic is executed repeatedly by the PLC.

a45660 read inputs

PROGRAM write outputs

Refer to the Series 90-30 PLC Installation and Hardware Manual, GFK-0356, for a listing of program sizes and reference limits for each model CPU.

All programs have a variable table that lists the variable and reference descriptions that have been assigned in the user program.

The block declaration editor lists subroutine blocks declared in the main program.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-15

2

Subroutine Blocks

A program can “call” subroutine blocks as it executes. A maximum of 64 subroutine block declarations in the program and 64 CALL instructions are allowed for each logic block in the program. The maximum size of a subroutine block is 16

KB

or 3000 rungs, but the main program and all subroutines must fit within the logic size constraints for that CPU model.

The use of subroutines is optional. Dividing a program into smaller subroutines can simplify programming, enhance understanding of the control algorithm, and reduce the overall amount of logic needed for the program.

Examples of Using Subroutine Blocks

As an example, the logic for a program could be divided into three subroutines, each of which could be called as needed from the program. In this example, the program block might contain little logic, serving primarily to sequence the subroutine blocks.

a45661

SUBROUTINE

2

PROGRAM

SUBROUTINE

3

SUBROUTINE

4

A subroutine block can be used many times as the program executes. Logic which needs to be repeated several times in a program could be entered in a subroutine block. Calls would then be made to that subroutine block to access the logic. In this way, total program size is reduced.

a45662

PROGRAM

SUBROUTINE

2

2-16 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

In addition to being called from the program, subroutine blocks can also be called by other subroutine blocks. A subroutine block may even call itself.

a45663

SUBROUTINE

2

PROGRAM

SUBROUTINE

4

SUBROUTINE

3

2

The PLC will only allow eight nested calls before an “Application Stack Overflow” fault is logged and the PLC transitions to

STOP/FAULT

mode. The call from the MAIN program to the first subroutine block counts as the first call. Subsequent calls may go seven more blocks deeper without an error. The following illustration shows the maximum call depth allowed at runtime.

S U B R O U T I N E

1

S U B R O U T I N E

2

S U B R O U T I N E

3

S U B R O U T I N E

4

P R O G R A M

S U B R O U T I N E

5

S U B R O U T I N E

6

S U B R O U T I N E

7

S U B R O U T I N E

8

If subroutine 8 were to execute another call, the PLC would immediately transition to

STOP/FAULT

mode.

How Blocks Are Called

A subroutine block executes when called from the program logic in the program or from another block.

|

|%I0004 %T0001

|——| |—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————( )—

| ______________

|%I0006 | |

|——| |—————| CALL ASTRO |—

| | (SUBROUTINE) |

| |______________|

|

|%I0003 %I0010 %Q0010

|——| |—————| |—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————( )—

|

This example shows the subroutine CALL instruction as it will appear in the calling block.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-17

2

Periodic Subroutines

Version 4.20 or later of the 340 and higher CPUs support periodic subroutines. Please note the following restrictions:

1.

Timer (TMR, ONDTR, and OFDTR) function blocks will not execute properly within a periodic subroutine. A DOIO function block within a periodic subroutine whose reference range includes references assigned to a Smart I/O Module (HSC, Motion Mate APM, Motion

Mate DSM, Genius, and others) will cause the CPU to lose communication with the module.

The FST_SCN and LST_SCN contacts (%S1 and %S2) will have an indeterminate value during execution of the periodic subroutine. A periodic subroutine cannot call or be called by other subroutines.

2.

The latency for the periodic subroutine (that is, the maximum interval between the time the periodic subroutine should have executed and the time it actually executes) can be around .35

milliseconds if there is no PCM, CMM, or ADC module in the main rack. If there is a PCM,

CMM or ADC module in the main rack - even if it is not configured or used, the latency can be almost 2.25 milliseconds. For that reason, use of the periodic subroutine with PCM-based products is not recommended.

2-18 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

User References

The data used in an application program is stored as either register or discrete references.

Table 2-4. Register References

Type Description

%R The prefix %R is used to assign system register references, which will store program data such as the results of calculations.

%AI The prefix %AI represents an analog input register. This prefix is followed by the register address of the reference (for example, %AI0015). An analog input register holds the value of one analog input or other value.

%AQ The prefix %AQ represents an analog output register. This prefix is followed by the register address of the reference (for example, %AQ0056). An analog output register holds the value of one analog output or other value.

Note

All register references are retained across a power cycle to the CPU.

Table 2-5. Discrete References

Type Description

%I The %I prefix represents input references. This prefix is followed by the reference’s address in the input table (for example, %I00121). %I references are located in the input status table, which stores the state of all inputs received from input modules during the last input scan. A reference address is assigned to discrete input modules using the configuration software or the

Hand-Held Programmer. Until a reference address is assigned, no data will be received from the module. %I data can be retentive or non-retentive.

%Q The %Q prefix represents physical output references. The %Q prefix is followed by the reference’s address in the output table (for example, %Q00016). %Q references are located in the output status table, which stores the state of the output references as last set by the application program. This output status table’s values are sent to output modules during the output scan.

A reference address is assigned to discrete output modules using the configuration software or the Hand-Held Programmer. Until a reference address is assigned, no data is sent to the module. A particular %Q reference may be either retentive or non-retentive. *

%M The %M prefix represents internal references. The coil check function checks for multiple uses of %M references with relay coils or outputs on functions. A particular %M reference may be either retentive or non-retentive. *

%T The %T prefix represents temporary references. These references are never checked for multiple coil use and can, therefore, be used many times in the same program even when coil use checking is enabled. %T may be used to prevent coil use conflicts while using the cut/paste and file write/include functions.

Because this memory is intended for temporary use, it is never retained through power loss or

RUN-TO-STOP-TO-RUN

transitions and cannot be used with retentive coils.

* Retentiveness is based on the type of coil. For more information, refer to “Retentiveness of Data” on page 2-20.

2

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-19

2-20

2

Table 2-5. Discrete References - Continued

Type Description

%S The %S prefix represents system status references. These references are used to access special

PLC data, such as timers, scan information, and fault information. System references include

%S, %SA, %SB, and %SC references.

%S, %SA, %SB, and %SC can be used on any contacts.

%SA, %SB, and %SC can be used on retentive coils –(M)–.

%S can be used as word or bit-string input arguments to functions or function blocks.

%SA, %SB, and %SC can be used as word or bit-string input or output arguments to functions and function blocks.

%G The %G prefix represents global data references. These references are used to access data shared among several PLCs. %G references can be used on contacts and retentive coils because %G memory is always retentive. %G cannot be used on non-retentive coils.

Transitions and Overrides

The %I, %Q, %M, and %G user references have associated transition and override bits. %T, %S,

%SA, %SB, and %SC references have transition bits, but not override bits. The CPU uses transition bits for counters and transitional coils. Note that counters do not use the same kind of transition bits as coils. Transition bits for counters are stored within the locating reference.

In the Model 331 and higher CPUs, override bits can be set. When override bits are set, the associated references cannot be changed from the program or the input device; they can only be changed on command from the programmer. CPU Models 323, 321, 313, and 311 do not support overriding discrete references.

Retentiveness of Data

Data is said to be retentive if it is saved by the PLC when the PLC is stopped. The Series 90 PLC preserves program logic, fault tables and diagnostics, overrides and output forces, word data (%R,

%AI, %AQ), bit data (%I, %SC, %G, fault bits and reserved bits), %Q and %M data (unless used with non-retentive coils), and word data stored in %Q and %M. %T data is not saved. Although, as stated above, %SC bit data is retentive, the defaults for %S, %SA, and %SB are non-retentive.

%Q and %M references are non-retentive (that is, cleared at power-up when the PLC switches from

STOP

to

RUN

) whenever they are used with non-retentive coils. Non-retentive coils include coils —( )—, negated coils —(/)—, SET coils —(S)—, and RESET coils —(R)—.

When %Q or %M references are used with retentive coils, or are used as function block outputs, the contents are retained through power loss and

RUN-TO-STOP-TO-RUN

transitions.

Retentive coils include retentive coils —(M)—, negated retentive coils —(/M)—, retentive SET coils —(SM)—, and retentive RESET coils —(RM)—.

The last time a %Q or %M reference is programmed on a coil instruction determines whether the

%Q or %M reference is retentive or non-retentive based on the coil type. For example, if %Q0001 was last programmed as the reference of a retentive coil, the %Q0001 data will be retentive.

However, if %Q0001 was last programmed on a non-retentive coil, then the %Q0001 data will be non-retentive.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Data Types

Type

INT

DINT Double

Precision

Signed

Integer

BIT

Name

Signed

Integer

Bit

BYTE Byte

WORD Word

DWORD Double

Word

Table 2-6. Data Types

Description

Signed integers use 16-bit memory data locations, and are represented in 2’s complement notation. The valid range of an INT data type is –32,768 to +32,767.

Double precision signed integers are stored in 32-bit data memory locations (actually two consecutive 16-bit memory locations) and represented in 2’s complement notation. (Bit 32 is the sign bit.) The valid range of a DINT data type is –2,147,483,648 to +2,147,483,647.

A Bit data type is the smallest unit of memory. It has two states, 1 or 0. A BIT string may have length N.

A Byte data type has an 8-bit value.

The valid range is 0 to 255 (0 to FF in hexadecimal).

A Word data type uses 16 consecutive bits of data memory; but, instead of the bits in the data location representing a number, the bits are independent of each other. Each bit represents its own binary state (1 or

0), and the bits are not looked at together to represent an integer number. The valid range of word values is 0 to FFFF.

A Double Word data type has the same characteristics as a single word data type, except that it uses 32 consecutive bits in data memory instead of 16 bits.

Register 1

S|

16 1

Register 2

S|

32 17

Register 1

16

(Two’s Complement Value)

1

Register 1

16 1

Register 2

Data Format

(16 bit positions)

(16 bit positions)

Register 1

32 17 16

(32 bit states)

BCD-4 Four-Digit

Binary

Coded

Decimal

REAL Floating

Point

Four-digit BCD numbers use 16-bit data memory locations. Each BCD digit uses four bits and can represent numbers between 0 and 9. This BCD coding of the 16 bits has a legal value range of 0 to 9999.

Real numbers use 32 consecutive bits

(actually two consecutive 16-bit memory locations). The range of numbers that can be stored in this format is from ±

1.401298E-45 to ± 3.402823E+38.

Register 1

4 |3 | 2 | 1

16 13 9 5 1

Register 2

S|

32 17

(4 BCD digits)

Register 1

16

(Two’s Complement Value)

1

S = Sign bit (0 = positive, 1 = negative).

1

2

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-21

2-22

2

System Status References

System status references in the Series 90 PLC are assigned to %S, %SA, %SB, and %SC memory.

They each have a nickname. Examples of time tick references include T_10MS, T_100MS,

T_SEC, and T_MIN. Examples of convenience references include FST_SCN, ALW_ON, and

ALW_OFF.

Note

%S bits are read-only bits; do not write to these bits. You may, however, write to

%SA, %SB, and %SC bits.

Listed below are available system status references, which may be used in an application program.

When entering logic, either the reference or the nickname can be used. Refer to chapter 3, “Fault

Explanations and Correction,” for more detailed fault descriptions and information on correcting the fault.

You cannot use these special names in another context.

Table 2-7. System Status References

Reference Nickname

%S0001

%S0002

%S0003

%S0004

%S0005

%S0006

%S0007

%S0008

%S0009

FST_SCN

LST_SCN

T_10MS

T_100MS

T_SEC

T_MIN

ALW_ON

ALW_OFF

SY_FULL

%S0010

%S0011

%S0013

%S0014

%S0017

%S0018

%S0019

%S0020

%S0021

%S0022

%S0032

IO_FULL

OVR_PRE

PRG_CHK

PLC_BAT

SNPXACT

SNPX_RD

SNPX_WT

FF_OVR

USR_SW

Definition

Set to 1 when the current sweep is the first sweep.

Reset from 1 to 0 when the current sweep is the last sweep.

0.01 second timer contact.

0.1 second timer contact.

1.0 second timer contact.

1.0 minute timer contact.

Always ON.

Always OFF.

Set when the PLC fault table fills up. Cleared when an entry is removed from the PLC fault table and when the PLC fault table is cleared.

Set when the I/O fault table fills up. Cleared when an entry is removed from the I/O fault table and when the I/O fault table is cleared.

Set when an override exists in %I, %Q, %M, or %G memory.

Set when background program check is active.

Set to indicate a bad battery in a Release 4 or later CPU. The contact reference is updated once per sweep.

SNP-X host is actively attached to the CPU.

SNP-X host has read data from the CPU.

SNP-X host has written data to the CPU.

Set ON when a relational function using REAL data executes successfully.

It is cleared when either input is NaN (Not a Number).

Used with reboot after Fatal Fault feature. Set ON when a fatal fault exists. Cleared when all fatal faults are cleared or the CPU mode is set to

STOP/FAULT.

Set to reflect the state of the CPU mode switch:

1=Run/On; 0 = Stop/Off

Reserved for use by the programming software.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Table 2-7. System Status References - Continued

Reference

%SA0001

%SA0002

%SA0003

%SA0009

%SA0010

%SA0011

%SA0014

%SA0015

%SA0019

%SA0020

%SA0027

%SA0031

%SB0010

%SB0011

%SB0013

%SB0014

Name Definition

PB_SUM

OV_SWP

APL_FLT

Set when a checksum calculated on the application program does not match the reference checksum. If the fault was due to a temporary failure, the discrete bit can be cleared by again storing the program to the CPU. If the fault was due to a hard RAM failure, the CPU must be replaced.

Set when the PLC detects that the previous sweep took longer than the time specified by the user. Cleared when the PLC detects that the previous sweep did not take longer than the specified time. It is also cleared during the transition from

STOP

to

RUN

mode. Only valid if the

PLC is in

CONSTANT SWEEP

mode.

Set when an application fault occurs. Cleared when the PLC transitions from

STOP

to

RUN

mode.

CFG_MM

HRD_CPU Set when the diagnostics detects a problem with the CPU hardware.

Cleared by replacing the CPU module.

LOW_BAT Set when a low battery fault occurs. Cleared by replacing the battery and ensuring that the PLC powers up without the low battery condition.

LOS_IOM

Set when a configuration mismatch is detected during system power-up or during a store of the configuration. Cleared by powering up the PLC when no mismatches are present or during a store of configuration that matches hardware.

LOS_SIO

Set when an I/O module stops communicating with the PLC CPU. Cleared by replacing the module and cycling power on the main rack.

Set when an option module stops communicating with the PLC CPU.

Cleared by replacing the module and cycling power on the main rack.

ADD_IOM

ADD_SIO

HRD_SIO

Set when an I/O module is added to a rack. Cleared by cycling power on the main rack and when the configuration matches the hardware after a store.

Set when an option module is added to a rack. Cleared by cycling power on the main rack and when the configuration matches the hardware after a store.

Set when a hardware failure is detected in an option module. Cleared by replacing the module and cycling power on the main rack.

SFT_SIO Set when an unrecoverable software fault is detected in an option module.

Cleared by cycling power on the main rack and when the configuration matches the hardware.

BAD_RAM Set when the CPU detects corrupted RAM memory at power-up. Cleared when the CPU detects that RAM memory is valid at power-up.

BAD_PWD Set when a password access violation occurs. Cleared when the PLC fault table is cleared.

SFT_CPU

STOR_ER

Set when the CPU detects an unrecoverable error in the software. Cleared by clearing the PLC fault table.

Set when an error occurs during a programmer store operation. Cleared when a store operation is completed successfully.

2

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-23

2

Table 2-7. System Status References - Continued

Reference Nickname Definition

%SC0009

%SC0010

%SC0011

%SC0012

%SC0013

%SC0014

%SC0015

ANY_FLT

SY_FLT

IO_FLT

SY_PRES

IO_PRES

HRD_FLT

SFT_FLT

Set when any fault occurs. Cleared when both fault tables have no entries.

Set when any fault occurs that causes an entry to be placed in the PLC fault table. Cleared when the PLC fault table has no entries.

Set when any fault occurs that causes an entry to be placed in the I/O fault table. Cleared when the I/O fault table has no entries.

Set as long as there is at least one entry in the PLC fault table. Cleared when the PLC fault table has no entries.

Set as long as there is at least one entry in the I/O fault table. Cleared when the I/O fault table has no entries.

Set when a hardware fault occurs. Cleared when both fault tables have no entries.

Set when a software fault occurs. Cleared when both fault tables have no entries.

Note: Any %S reference not listed here is reserved and not to be used in program logic.

Function Block Structure

Each rung of logic is composed of one or more programming instructions. These may be simple relays or more complex functions.

Format of Ladder Logic Relays

The programming software includes several types of relay functions. These functions provide basic flow and control of logic in the program. Examples include a normally open relay contact and a negated coil. Each of these relay contacts and coils has one input and one output. Together, they provide logic flow through the contact or coil.

Each relay contact or coil must be given a reference that is entered when selecting the relay. For a contact, the reference represents a location in memory that determines the flow of power into the contact. In the following example, if reference %I0122 is ON, power will flow through this relay contact.

%I0122

–| |–

2-24 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

For a coil, the reference represents a location in memory that is controlled by the flow of power into the coil. In this example, if power flows into the left side of the coil, reference %Q0004 is turned ON.

%Q0004

–( )–

The programming software and the Hand-Held Programmer both have a coil check function that checks for multiple uses of %Q or %M references with relay coils or outputs on functions.

Format of Program Function Blocks

Some functions are very simple, like the MCR function, which is shown with the abbreviated name of the function within brackets:

–[ MCR ]–

Other functions are more complex. They may have several places where you will enter information to be used by the function.

The generic function block illustrated below is multiplication (MUL); parameters vary with the type of function block. Its parts are typical of many program functions. The upper part of the function block shows the name of the function.

_________________

| _____ | This is the function block name (MUL).

| | | |

| | MUL |— |

| | | |

—————|—————|—————

???????—|I1 Q|—???????

| |

| |

???????—|I2 |

|_____|

2

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-25

2

Function Block Parameters

Each line entering the left side of a function block represents an input for that function. There are two forms of input that can be passed into a function block: constants and references. A constant is an explicit value. A reference is the address of a value.

In the following example, input parameter I1 comes into the ADD function block as a constant, and input parameter I2 comes in as a reference.

| _____

|%I0001 | | %Q0001

|——| |———| ADD_|——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————( )—

| | INT |

| | |

| CONST —|I1 Q|—%R0002

| +00010 | |

| | |

|%R0001 —|I2 |

| |_____|

|

Each line exiting the right side of the function block represents an output. There is only one form of output from a function block or reference. Outputs can never be written to constants.

Where the question marks appear on the left of a function block, you will enter either the data itself, a reference location where the data is found, or a variable representing the reference location where the data is found. Where question marks appear on the right of a function block, you will usually enter a reference location for data to be output by the function block or a variable that represents the reference location for data to be output by the function block.

_____

| |

—| MUL |—

| |

—————————| |—————————

| ???????—|I1 Q|—??????? |

| | |—————————

| | | |

| ???????—|I2 | ————— This is the output parameter (Q)

—————————| | for the function block.

| |_____|

|

|_____ These are the input parameters (I1 and I2)

for the function block.

Most function blocks do not change input data; instead, they place the result of the operation in an output reference.

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GFK-1411C

2

For functions that operate on tables, a length can be selected for the function. In the following function block, the LEN operand specifies the number of words to be moved.

______

| |

(enable) —| MOVE_|— (ok)

| WORD|

| |

???????—|I1 Q|—???????

| |

| LEN |

| 00003|

|______|

Timer, counter, BITSEQ, and ID functions require an address for the location of three words

(registers) which store the current value, preset value, and a control word or “Instance” of the function.

_____

| |

(enable) —|ONDTR|— Q

|1.00s|

| |

(reset) —|R |

| |

| |

???????—|PV |

|_____|

(address)

Power Flow In and Out of a Function

Power flows into a function block on the upper left. Often, enabling logic is used to control power flow to a function block; otherwise, the function block executes unconditionally each CPU sweep.

Enabling logic

|

| Power flow into the function

| |

| | Power flow out of the function

¯ | _____ |

%I0001 ¯ | | ¯ %Q0001

———| |————| MUL_|————————————————————————( )—

| INT | ^

| | |

%R0123 —|I1 Q|—%R0124 Displays state

| | of reference

| |

CONST —|I2 |

00002 |_____|

Note

Function blocks cannot be tied directly to the left power rail. You can use %S7, the ALW_ON (always on) bit with a normally open contact tied to the power rail to call a function every sweep.

Power flows out of the function block on the upper right. It may be passed to other program logic or to a coil (optional). Function blocks pass power when they execute successfully.

Chapter 2 System Operation 2-27

2

Section 3: Power-Up and Power-Down Sequences

There are two possible power-up sequences in the Series 90-30 PLC; a cold power-up and a warm power-up. The CPU normally uses the cold power-up sequence. However, in a Model 331 or higher PLC system, if the time that elapses between a power-down and the next power-up is less than five seconds, the warm power-up sequence is used.

Power-Up

A cold power-up consists of the following sequence of events. A warm power-up sequence skips

Step 1.

1

.

The CPU will run diagnostics on itself. This includes checking a portion of battery-backed

RAM to determine whether or not the RAM contains valid data.

2

.

If an EPROM, EEPROM, or flash is present and the PROM power-up option in the PROM specifies that the PROM contents should be used, the contents of PROM are copied into RAM memory. If an EPROM, EEPROM, or flash is not present, RAM memory remains the same and is not overwritten with the contents of PROM.

3

.

The CPU interrogates each slot in the system to determine which boards are present.

4

.

The hardware configuration is compared with software configuration to ensure that they are the same. Any mismatches detected are considered faults and are alarmed. Also, if a board is specified in the software configuration but a different module is present in the actual hardware configuration, this condition is a fault and is alarmed.

5

.

If there is no software configuration, the CPU will use the default configuration.

6

.

The CPU establishes the communications channel between itself and any intelligent modules.

7

.

In the final step of the execution, the mode of the first sweep is determined based on CPU configuration. If

RUN

mode, the sweep proceeds as described under “

STOP

-to-

RUN

Mode

Transition.” Figure 2-5 on the next page shows the decision sequence for the CPU when it decides whether to copy from PROM or to power-up in

STOP

or

RUN

mode.

2-28 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

GFK-1411C

a45680

*

Go to Clear All Process START

1

HHP

CLR M T

KEYS

FALSE

TRUE

*

CLEAR

ALL

3

USD

PRG SRC =

PROM

TRUE

TRUE

FALSE

4

URAM

PRG SRC =

PROM

TRUE

FALSE

2

USD

PRESENT AND

VALID

FALSE

5

USD

REG SRC =

PROM

TRUE

6

HHP

LD NOT

KEYS

8

FALSE

COPY PRG ,CFG,

& REGS FROM

USD TO URAM

FALSE

TRUE

STOP MODE

TRUE

7

HHP

LD NOT

KEYS

FALSE

9

COPY

PRG & CFG FROM

USD TO URAM

11

URAM

CORRUPT

FALSE

12

URAM

PRG SRC =

PROM

TRUE

FALSE

TRUE

*

CLEAR

ALL

TRUE

13

USD

NOT PRESENT

FALSE

STOP MODE

10

PRG or CFG

CHECKSUM

BAD

TRUE

*

CLEAR

ALL

FALSE

Clear All Process

CLEAR ALL

19

CLEAR PRG, CFG,

AND REGS

STOP MODE

14

HHP

NOT RUN

KEYS

FALSE

15

URAM

PU MODE =

RUN

FALSE

16

LOW BATT

TRUE

TRUE

TRUE

FALSE

17

URAM

PU MODE =

STOP

18

FALSE

PU MODE IS SAME,

AS POWERDOWN

TRUE

RUN MODE

STOP MODE

STOP MODE

STOP MODE

END

RUN MODE

Figure 2-5. Power-Up Sequence

Prior to the START statement on the Power Up Flowchart, the CPU goes through power up diagnostics which test various peripheral devices used by the CPU and tests RAM. After completing diagnostics, internal data structures and peripheral devices used by the CPU get initialized. The CPU then determines if User Ram has been corrupted. If User Ram is corrupted the user program and configuration are cleared out and defaulted and all user registers are cleared.

Chapter 2 System Operation 2-29

2-30

2

FLOW CHART TERMS:

PRG = user program

CFG = user configuration

REGS = user registers (%I, %Q, %M, %G, %R, %AI, and %AQ references).

USD = user storage device, either an EEPROM or flash device.

URAM = non-volatile user ram which contains PRG, CFG, and REGS.

FLOW CHART EXPANDED TEXT:

(1) Are the <CLR> and <M_T> keys being pressed on the HHP during power-up to clear all

URAM?

(2) Is the USD present (could only be missing on models that use EEPROM device) and is the information on the USD valid?

(3) Is the PRG SRC parameter in the USD set to Prom meaning to load the PRG and CFG from the USD device?

(4) Is the PRG SRC parameter in the URAM set to Prom meaning to load the PRG and CFG from the USD device?

(5) Is the REG SRC parameter in the USD set to Prom meaning to load the REGS from the

USD device?

(6 & 7) Are the <LD> and <NOT> keys being pressed on the HHP during power-up to keep the

PRG, CFG, and REGS from being loaded from USD?

(8) Copy PRG, CFG, and REGS from the USD to URAM.

(9) COPY PRG, and CFG from the USD to URAM.

(10) Is the PRG or CFG checksums just loaded from USD invalid?

(11) Is the URAM corrupted? Could be due to being powered down with out a battery attached or a low battery. Could also be due to updating firmware.

(12) Is the PRG SRC parameter in the URAM set to Prom meaning to load the PRG and CFG from the USD device?

(13) Is the USD present? Only applicable to models that use EEPROM device.

(14) Are the <

NOT

> and <

RUN

> keys being pressed on the HHP during power-up to unconditionally power-up in Stop Mode?

(15) Is the PWR UP parameter in URAM set to

RUN

?

(16) Is the battery low?

(17) Is the PWR UP parameter in URAM set to

STOP

?

(18) Set the power up mode to what ever the power down mode was.

(19) Clear PRG, CFG, and REGS.

Power-Down

System power-down occurs when the power supply detects that incoming AC power has dropped for more than one power cycle or the output of the 5-volt power supply has fallen to less than 4.9

volts DC.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Section 4: Clocks and Timers

Clocks and timers provided by the Series 90-30 PLC include an elapsed time clock, a time-of-day clock, a watchdog timer, and a constant sweep timer. Three types of timer function blocks include an on-delay timer, an off-delay timer, and a retentive on-delay timer (also called a watch clock timer). Four time-tick contacts cycle on and off for 0.01 second, 0.1 second, 1.0 second, and 1 minute intervals.

Elapsed Time Clock

The elapsed time clock uses 100 microsecond “ticks” to track the time elapsed since the CPU powered on. The clock is not retentive across a power failure; it restarts on each power-up. Once per second the hardware interrupts the CPU to enable a seconds count to be recorded. This seconds count rolls over approximately 100 years after the clock begins timing.

Because the elapsed time clock provides the base for system software operations and timer function blocks, it can not be reset from the user program or the programmer. However, the application program can read the current value of the elapsed time clock by using Service Request

16.

Time-of-Day Clock

The time of day in Series 90-30 PLC Model 331 and higher is maintained by a hardware time-ofday clock. The time-of-day clock maintains seven time functions:

Year (two digits)

Month

Day of month

Hour

Minute

Second

Day of week

The time-of-day clock is battery-backed and maintains its present state across a power failure.

However, unless you initialize the clock, the values it contains are meaningless. The application program can read and set the time-of-day clock using Service Request #7. The time-of-day clock can also be read and set from the CPU configuration software. Note that the Hand Held

Programmer does not allow you to change the Time of Day clock while key switch protection is active.

The time-of-day clock is designed to handle month-to-month and year-to-year transitions. It automatically compensates for leap years until the year 2079.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-31

2

2-32

Watchdog Timer

A watchdog timer in the Series 90-30 PLC is designed to catch catastrophic failure conditions that result in an unusually long sweep. The timer value for the watchdog timer is 500 milliseconds in the 35x and 36x series of PLC CPUs; this is a fixed value which cannot be changed. The watchdog timer always starts from zero at the beginning of each sweep.

For 331 and lower model 90-30 CPUs, if the watchdog timeout value is exceeded, the OK LED goes off; the CPU is placed in reset and completely shuts down; and outputs go to their default state. No communication of any form is possible, and all microprocessors on all boards are halted.

To recover, power must be cycled on the rack containing the CPU. In the 340 and higher 90-30

CPUs, a watchdog timeout causes the CPU to reset, execute its powerup logic, generate a watchdog failure fault, and change its mode to

STOP

.

Constant Sweep Timer

The constant sweep timer controls the length of a program sweep when the Series 90-30 PLC operates in

CONSTANT SWEEP TIME

mode. In this mode of operation, each sweep consumes the same amount of time. Typically, for most application programs, the input scan, application program logic scan, and output scan do not require exactly the same amount of execution time in each sweep. The value of the constant sweep timer is set by the programmer and can be any value from 5 to the value of the watchdog timer (default is 100 milliseconds).

If the constant sweep timer expires before the completion of the sweep and the previous sweep was not oversweep, the PLC places an oversweep alarm in the PLC fault table. At the beginning of the next sweep, the PLC sets the OV_SWP fault contact. The OV_SWP contact is reset when the PLC is not in

CONSTANT SWEEP TIME

mode or the time of the last sweep did not exceed the constant sweep timer.

Time-Tick Contacts

The Series 90 PLC provides four time-tick contacts with time durations of 0.01 second, 0.1

second, 1.0 second, and 1 minute. The state of these contacts does not change during the execution of the sweep. These contacts provide a pulse having an equal on and off time duration.

The contacts are referenced as T_10MS (0.01 second), T_100MS (0.1 second), T_SEC (1.0

second), and T_MIN (1 minute).

The following timing diagram represents the on/off time duration of these contacts.

a43071

T XXXXX

X

SEC

X/2

SEC

X/2

SEC

Figure 2-6. Time-Tick Contact Timing Diagram

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Section 5: System Security

Security in Series 90-30 PLCs is designed to prevent unauthorized changes to the contents of a

PLC. There are four security levels available in the PLC. The first level, which is always available, provides only the ability to read PLC data; no changes are permitted to the application.

The other three levels have access to each level protected by a password.

Each higher privilege level permits greater change capabilities than the lower level(s). Privilege levels accumulate in that the privileges granted at one level are a combination of that level, plus all lower levels. The levels and their privileges are:

Privilege

Level Description

Level 1 Any data, except passwords may be read. This includes all data memories (%I, %Q, %AQ,

%R, etc.), fault tables, and all program block types (data, value, and constant).

No values may be changed in the PLC.

Level 2 This level allows write access to the data memories (%I, %R, etc.).

Level 3 This level allows write access to the application program in

STOP

mode only.

Level 4 This is the default level for systems which have no passwords set. The default level for a system with passwords is to the highest unprotected level. This level, the highest, allows read and write access to all memories as well as passwords in both

RUN

and

STOP

mode. (Configuration data cannot be changed in

RUN

mode.)

Passwords

There is one password for each privilege level in the PLC. (No password can be set for level 1 access.) Each password may be unique; however, the same password can be used for more than one level. Passwords are one to four ASCII characters in length; they can only be entered or changed with the programming software or the Hand-Held Programmer.

A privilege level change is in effect only as long as communications between the PLC and the programmer are intact. There does not need to be any activity, but the communications link must not be broken. If there is no communication for 15 minutes, the privilege level returns to the highest unprotected level.

Upon connection of the PLC, the programming software requests the protection status of each privilege level from the PLC. The programming software then requests the PLC to move to the highest unprotected level, thereby giving the programming software access to the highest unprotected level without having to request any particular level. When the Hand-Held

Programmer is connected to the PLC, the PLC reverts to the highest unprotected level.

Privilege Level Change Requests

The privilege level can be set in Control software (not in VersaPro). A programmer requests a privilege level change by supplying the new privilege level and the password for that level. A

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-33

2-34

2

privilege level change is denied if the password sent by the programmer does not agree with the password stored in the PLC’s password access table for the requested level. The current privilege level is maintained and no change will occur. If you attempt to access or modify information in the PLC using the Hand-Held Programmer without the proper privilege level, the Hand-Held

Programmer will respond with an error message that the access is denied.

Locking/Unlocking Subroutines

Subroutine blocks can be locked and unlocked using the block locking feature of programming software. Two types of locks are available:

Type of Lock

View

Edit

Description

Once locked, you cannot zoom into that subroutine.

Once locked, the information in the subroutine cannot be edited.

A previously view locked or edit locked subroutine may be unlocked in the block declaration editor unless it is permanently view locked or permanently edit locked.

A search or search and replace function may be performed on a view locked subroutine. If the target of the search is found in a view locked subroutine, one of the following messages is displayed, instead of logic:

Found in locked block <block_name> (Continue/Quit)

or

Cannot write to locked block <block_name> (Continue/Quit)

You may continue or abort the search.

Folders that contain locked subroutines may be cleared or deleted. If a folder contains locked subroutines, these blocks remain locked when the programming software Copy, Backup, and

Restore folder functions are used.

Permanently Locking a Subroutine

In addition to VIEW LOCK and EDIT LOCK, there are two types of permanent locks. If a

PERMANENT VIEW LOCK is set, all zooms into a subroutine are denied. If a PERMANENT

EDIT LOCK is set, all attempts to edit the block are denied.

Caution

The permanent locks differ from the regular VIEW LOCK and EDIT

LOCK in that once set, they cannot be removed.

Once a PERMANENT EDIT LOCK is set, it can only be changed to a PERMANENT VIEW

LOCK. A PERMANENT VIEW LOCK cannot be changed to any other type of lock.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

Section 6: Series 90-30 I/O System

The PLC I/O system provides the interface between the Series 90-30 PLC and user-supplied devices and equipment. The PLC system I/O is called Series 90-30 I/O. Series 90-30 I/O modules plug directly into slots in the CPU baseplate or into slots in any of the expansion baseplates for the

Series 90-30 PLC Model 331 or higher. Model 331, 340, and 341 I/O systems support up to 49

Series 90-30 I/O modules (5 racks). Model 350 to 364 I/O systems support up to 79 Series 90-30

I/O modules (8 racks). The Series 90-30 PLC Model 311 or Model 313 5-slot baseplate supports up to 5 Series 90-30 I/O modules; the Model 323 10-slot baseplate supports up to 10 Series 90-30

I/O modules.

The I/O structure for the Series 90-30 PLC is shown in the following figure.

PLC I/O System

a43072

APPLICATION

RAM

% AI

% AQ

% R

I/O CONFIGURATION

DATA

16 BITS

I/O

SCANNER

CACHE

MEMORY

% I

% T

% G

% S

% Q

% M

1 BIT

SERIES 90-30

BACKPLANE

MODEL 30

DISCRETE

INPUT

MODULE

MODEL 30

DISCRETE

OUTPUT

MODULE

MODEL 30

ANALOG

I/O

MODULE

GENIUS

BUS

SERIES

FIVE

GBC

SERIES

FIVE

CPU

SERIES

SIX

GBC

SERIES

SIX

CPU

SERIES

90-70

GBC

SERIES

90-70

CPU

SERIES

90-30

GENIUS

COMMUNICATIONS

MODULE

GLOBAL

GENIUS

SERIES

90-30

CPU

Figure 2-7. Series 90-30 I/O Structure

Note

The drawing shown above is specific to the 90-30 I/O structure. Intelligent and option modules are not part of the I/O scan; they use the System Communication

Window.

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-35

2

Series 90-30 I/O Modules

Series 90-30 I/O modules are available as five types, discrete input, discrete output, analog input, analog output, and option modules. The following table lists the Series 90-30 I/O modules by catalog number, number of I/O points, and a brief description of each module.

Note

All of the I/O modules listed below may not be available at the time this manual is printed. For current availability, consult your local GE Fanuc PLC distributor or GE Fanuc sales representative. Refer to the Series 90-30 I/O Module

Specifications Manual, GFK-0898, for the specifications and wiring information of each Series 90-30 I/O module.

IC693MDL230

IC693MDL231

IC693MDL240

IC693MDL241

IC693MDL630

IC693MDL632

IC693MDL633

IC693MDL634

IC693MDL640

IC693MDL641

IC693MDL643

IC693MDL644

IC693MDL645

IC693MDL646

IC693MDL652

IC693MDL653

IC693MDL654

IC693MDL655

IC693ACC300

Figure 2-8. Series 90-30 I/O Modules

Catalog

Number Points Description

8 120 VAC Isolated

8 240 VAC Isolated

16 120 VAC

Discrete Modules - Input

16 24 VAC/DC Positive/Negative Logic

8 24 VDC Positive Logic

8 125 VDC Positive/Negative Logic

8

8

24 VDC Negative Logic

24 VDC Positive/Negative Logic

16 24 VDC Positive Logic

16 24 VDC Negative Logic

16 24 VDC Positive Logic, FAST

16 24 VDC Negative Logic, FAST

16 24 VDC Positive/Negative Logic

16 24 VDC Positive/Negative Logic, FAST

32 24 VDC Position/Negative Logic

32 24 VDC Positive/Negative Logic, FAST

32 5/12 VDC (TTL) Positive/Negative Logic

32 24 VDC Positive/Negative Logic

8/16 Input Simulator

Pub

Number

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

2-36 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

IC693MDL310

IC693MDL330

IC693MDL340

IC693MDL390

IC693MDL730

IC693MDL731

IC693MDL732

IC693MDL733

IC693MDL734

IC693MDL740

IC693MDL741

IC693MDL742

IC693MDL750

IC693MDL751

IC693MDL752

IC693MDL753

IC693MDL930

IC693MDL931

IC693MDL940

IC693DVM300

Table 2-8. Series 90-30 I/O Modules - Continued

Catalog

Number

IC693MDR390

IC693MAR590

IC693ALG220

IC693ALG221

IC693ALG222

IC693ALG223

IC693ALG390

IC693ALG391

IC693ALG392

IC693ALG442

Points Description

Discrete Modules - Output

12 120 VAC, 0.5A

8 120/240 VAC, 2A

16 120 VAC, 0.5A

5 120/240 VAC Isolated, 2A

8

8

12/24 VDC Positive Logic, 2A

12/24 VDC Negative Logic, 2A

8

8

12/24 VDC Positive Logic, 0.5A

12/24 VDC Negative Logic, 0.5A

6 125 VDC Positive/Negative Logic, 2A

16 12/24 VDC Positive Logic, 0.5A

16 12/24 VDC Negative Logic, 0.5A

16 12/24 VDC Positive Logic, 1A

8

8

16

4 ch

32 12/24 VDC Negative Logic

32 12/24 VDC Positive Logic, 0.3A

32 5/24 VDC (TTL) Negative Logic, 0.5A

32 12/24 VDC Positive/Negative Logic, 0.5A

Relay, N.O., 4A Isolated

Relay, BC, Isolated

Relay, N.O., 2A

Digital Valve Driver

Input/Output Modules

8/8 24 VDC Input, Relay Output

8/8 120 VAC Input, Relay Output

Analog Modules

4 ch Analog Input, Voltage

4 ch Analog Input, Current

16

16

Analog Input, Voltage

Analog Input, Current

2 ch Analog Output, Voltage

2 ch Analog Output, Current

8 ch Analog Output, Current/Voltage

4/2 Analog, Current/Voltage Combination Input/Output

Pub

Number

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

GFK-0898

2

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-37

2

Table 2-8. Series 90-30 I/O Modules - Continued

Catalog Number

IC693APU300

IC693APU301

IC693APU301

IC693APU302

IC693APU302

IC693DSM302

IC693DSM314

IC693TCM302/303

IC693PTM100/101

IC693APU305

IC693CMM321

IC693ADC311

IC693BEM331

IC693BEM320

IC693BEM321

IC693BEM330

IC693BEM340

IC693CMM302

IC693PCM300

IC693PCM301

IC693PCM311

Description

Pub

Number

High Speed Counter

Option Modules

Motion Mate APM Module, 1-Axis–Follower Mode

Motion Mate APM Module, 1-Axis–Standard Mode

Motion Mate APM Module, 2-Axis–Follower Mode

Motion Mate APM Module, 2-Axis–Standard Mode

Motion Mate Digital Servo Module (DSM302)

Motion Mate Digital Servo Module (DSM314)

GFK-0293

GFK-0781

GFK-0840

GFK-0781

GFK-0840

GFK-1464

GFK-1742

Temperature Control Modules

Power Transducer Module

GFK-1466

GFK-1734

I/O Processor Module

Ethernet Communications Module

Alphanumeric Display Coprocessor

Genius Bus Controller

I/O Link Interface Module (slave)

I/O Link Interface Module (master)

FIP Remote I/O Scanner

FIP Bus Controller

Enhanced Genius Communications Module

PCM, 160K Bytes (35KBytes User MegaBasic Program)

GFK-0521

GFK-1084

GFK-0521

GFK-1034

GFK-0631

GFK-0823

GFK-1038

GFK-1037

GFK-0695

GFK-0255

PCM, 192K Bytes (47KBytes User MegaBasic Program) GFK-0255

PCM, 640K Bytes (190KBytes User MegaBasic Program) GFK-0255

I/O Data Formats

Discrete inputs and discrete outputs are stored as bits in bit cache (status table) memory. Analog input and analog output data are stored as words and are memory resident in a portion of application RAM memory allocated for that purpose.

Default Conditions for Series 90-30 Output Modules

At power-up, Series 90-30 discrete output modules default to outputs off. They will retain this default condition until the first output scan from the PLC. Analog output modules can be configured with a jumper located on the module’s removable terminal block to either default to zero or retain their last state. Also, analog output modules may be powered from an external power source so that, even though the PLC has no power, the analog output module will continue to operate in its selected default state.

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2

Diagnostic Data

Diagnostic bits are available in %S memory that will indicate the loss of an I/O module or a mismatch in I/O configuration. Diagnostic information is not available for individual I/O points.

More information on fault handling can be in Chapter 3, “Fault Explanations and Correction.”

Global Data

Genius Global Data

The Series 90-30 PLC supports very fast sharing of data between multiple CPUs using Genius global data. The Genius Bus Controller, IC693BEM331 in CPU firmware release 5 and later, and the Enhanced Genius Communications Module, IC693CMM302, can broadcast up to 128 bytes of data to other PLCs or computers. They can receive up to 128 bytes from each of the up to 30 other

Genius controllers on the network. Data can be broadcast from or received into any memory type, not just %G global bits.

The original Genius Communications Module, IC693CMM301, is limited to fixed %G addresses and can only exchange 32 bits per serial bus address from SBA 16 to 23. This module should not be used as the Enhanced Genius Communications Module has over 100 times the capability.

Global data can be shared between Series Five, Series Six, and Series 90 PLCs connected to the same Genius I/O bus.

Ethernet Global Data

Similar to Genius Global Data, Ethernet Global Data (EGD) allows one device (the producer) to transfer data to one or more other devices (the consumers) on the network. For details on configuring EGD using the Windows-based programmers, refer to the programmer Online Help and to the TCP/IP Ethernet Communications for the Series 90 PLC User's Manual, GFK-1541.

The Model 364 CPU (release 9.0 and later) supports connection to an Ethernet network through either (but not both) of two built-in Ethernet ports. AAUI and 10BaseT ports are provided. The

Model 364 (release 9.10 or later) is the only Series 90-30 CPU that supports EGD.

Local Logic Programs

Local Logic programs can be created for the DSM314 motion control module using the VersaPro

Local Logic Editor. This feature requires VersaPro 1.1 or later software and is supported by CPUs

350, 352, 360, 363 and 364 with firmware release 10.0 or later. These programs are stored to the

CPU from the programmer. In turn, the CPU automatically stores them to the DSM314 along with the module’s configuration settings. The limit on the size of all Local Logic programs is 65280 bytes.

A Local Logic program runs synchronously with the motion program, but is independent of the

PLC’s CPU scan. This allows the DSM314 to interact quickly with motion I/O signals on its faceplate connectors. This internal response to motion I/O signals is much faster than would be

GFK-1411C Chapter 2 System Operation 2-39

2

possible if the logic for these signals was handled in the main ladder program running in the PLC.

This would be due to (1) the delay in communicating the signals across the backplane and (2) the longer PLC sweep time.

For detailed information on Local Logic Programs and the DSM314, see GFK-1742, the Motion

Mate DSM314 for Series 90-30 PLCs User’s Manual. For information on configuration and writing Local Logic Programs, refer to the VersPro online Help feature for the DSM314.

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Chapter

3

Fault Explanation and Correction

This chapter is an aid to troubleshooting the Series 90-30 PLC system. It explains the fault descriptions, which appear in the PLC fault table, and the fault categories, which appear in the

I/O fault table.

Each fault explanation in this chapter lists the fault description for the PLC fault table or the fault category for the I/O fault table. Find the fault description or fault category corresponding to the entry on the applicable fault table displayed on your programmer screen. Beneath it is a description of the cause of the fault along with instructions to correct the fault.

Chapter 3 contains the following sections:

Section

1

2

3

Title

Fault Handling

PLC Fault Table

Explanations

I/O Fault Table

Explanations

Description

Describes the type of faults that may occur in the

Series 90-30 and how they are displayed in the fault tables. Descriptions of the PLC and I/O fault table displays are also included.

Provides a fault description of each PLC fault and instructions to correct the fault.

Describes the Loss of I/O Module and Addition of I/O

Module fault categories.

Page

3-2

3-8

3-17

GFK-1411C 3-1

3

Section 1: Fault Handling

Faults occur in the Series 90-30 PLC system when certain failures or conditions happen which affect the operation and performance of the system. These conditions, such as the loss of an I/O module or rack, may affect the ability of the PLC to control a machine or process. These conditions may also have beneficial effects, such as when a new module comes online and is now available for use. Or, these conditions may only act as an alert, such as a low battery signal which indicates that the battery protecting the memory needs to be changed.

Alarm Processor

The condition or failure itself is called a fault. When a fault is received and processed by the CPU, it is called an alarm. The software in the CPU which handles these conditions is called the Alarm

Processor. The interface to the user for the Alarm Processor is through the programming software.

Any detected fault is recorded in a fault table and displayed on either the PLC fault table screen or the I/O fault table screen, as applicable.

Classes of Faults

The Series 90-30 PLCs detect several classes of faults. These include internal failures, external failures, and operational failures.

Fault Class

Internal Failures

External I/O Failures

Operational Failures

Examples

Non-responding modules.

Low battery condition.

Memory checksum errors.

Loss of rack or module.

Addition of rack or module.

Communication failures.

Configuration failures.

Password access failures.

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3

System Reaction to Faults

Hardware failures require that either the system be shut down or the failure is tolerated. I/O failures may be tolerated by the PLC system, but they may be intolerable by the application or the process being controlled. Operational failures are normally tolerated. Series 90-30 faults have two attributes:

Attribute

Fault Table Affected

Fault Action

Description

I/O Fault Table

PLC Fault Table

Fatal

Diagnostic

Informational

Fault Tables

Two fault tables are maintained in the PLC for logging faults, the I/O fault table for logging faults related to the I/O system and the PLC fault table for logging all other faults. The following table lists the fault groups, their fault actions, the fault tables affected, and the “name” for system discrete %S points that are affected.

Table 3-1. Fault Summary

Fault Group

Loss of or Missing I/O Module

Loss of or Missing Option Module

System Configuration Mismatch

PLC CPU Hardware Failure

Program Checksum Failure

Low Battery

PLC Fault Table Full

I/O Fault Table Full

Application Fault

No User Program

Corrupted User RAM

Password Access Failure

PLC Software Failure

PLC Store Failure

Constant Sweep Time Exceeded

Unknown PLC Fault

Unknown I/O Fault

Fault Action

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Fatal

Fatal

Fatal

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Informational

Fatal

Diagnostic

Fatal

Fatal

Diagnostic

Fatal

Fatal

Fault

Table Special Discrete Fault References

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

I/O

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

I/O io_full sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt io_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_flt sy_full io_flt any_flt io_pres los_iom any_flt sy_pres los_sio any_flt sy_pres cfg_mm any_flt sy_pres hrd_cpu any_flt sy_pres pb_sum any_flt sy_pres low_bat any_flt sy_pres apl_flt any_flt sy_pres no_prog any_flt sy_pres bad_ram any_flt sy_pres bad_pwd any_flt sy_pres sft_cpu any_flt sy_pres stor_er any_flt sy_pres ov_swp any_flt sy_pres any_flt io_pres

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-3

3-4

3

Fault Action

Faults can be fatal, diagnostic or informational.

Fatal faults cause the fault to be recorded in the appropriate table, any diagnostic variables to be set, and the system to be halted. Diagnostic faults are recorded in the appropriate table, and any diagnostic variables are set. Informational faults are only recorded in the appropriate table.

Possible fault actions are listed in the following table.

Table 3-2. Fault Actions

Fault Action

Fatal

Diagnostic

Informational

Response by CPU

Log fault in fault table.

Set fault references.

Go to

STOP

mode.

Log fault in fault table.

Set fault references.

Log fault in fault table.

When a fault is detected, the CPU uses the fault action for that fault. Fault actions are not configurable in the Series 90-30 PLC, except for the following condition.

Reboot After Fatal Fault

This feature is applicable for CPU models 350, 352, 360, 363 and 364. PLC CPU Firmware

release 10.0, or later and VersaPro 1.10 PLC software are required to use this feature. Reboot

After Fatal Fault, if enabled, allows the Series 90-30 PLC system to automatically resume normal operation after a fatal fault has occurred. This feature is useful in applications where the PLC experiences a nuisance fault, such as due to noise from an electrical storm, and no support person is on-site to restart the PLC. However, there may be applications where it is not safe to use this feature, as noted in the warning below.

Warning

The Reboot After Fatal Fault feature should not be used (should be set to

Disabled) in applications where a restart under fault conditions could produce an unsafe condition in the controlled equipment. It is the responsibility of the system designers to determine whether this feature can be used safely with their equipment. Failure to follow this warning could result in injury or death to personnel and/or damage to equipment.

Following the fatal fault, the PLC will automatically reset and resume execution. If fatal faults are present following the power up, the PLC will still be allowed to transition to Run mode. This feature is enabled by the Ignore Fatal Faults (or Fatal Fault Override) parameter in the CPU’s hardware configuration. The maximum number of retries and the time period in which these retries can occur is set through Service Request #48: Auto Reset. Three parameters must be

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

3

configured to enable automatic reset; Unlimited Retries, Number of Retries Allowed and Retry

Period (in minutes).

Service Request #49: Auto Reset Statistics, can then be used to determine the number of fatal faults and retries that have occurred. There are three parameters associated with this Service

Request: Command (set to 0 = Return total number of Fatal Faults and Number of Retries that have occurred; set to 1 = Initialize the Total Number of Fatal Faults and Total Number of Retries to 0), Returned Value = Total Number of Fatal Faults that have occurred, and Returned Value =

Total Number of Auto Reset Retries.

The configuration for this feature can be set to require the operator to cycle power rather than providing for automatic recovery. In this mode, fatal faults will be ignored at power up. A system status bit, %S21 indicates to the user’s application program that a fatal fault exists. This status bit is set to 1 whenever retry is successful and remains set until all faults are cleared or the mode is set to STOP/FAULT.

For information on configuration of this feature, refer to the VersaPro online Help.

Fault References

Fault references in the Series 90-30 are of one type, fault summary references. Fault summary references are set to indicate what fault occurred. The fault reference remains on until the PLC is cleared or until cleared by the application program.

An example of a fault bit being set and then clearing the bit is shown in the following example. In this example, the coil light_01 is turned on when an oversweep condition occurs; the light and the

OV_SWP contact remain on until the %I0359 contact is closed.

| ov_swp light_01

|——] [————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————( )—

|

|%I0359 ov_swp

|——] [————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————(R)—

|

Fault Reference Definitions

The alarm processor maintains the states of the 128 system discrete bits in %S memory. These fault references can be used to indicate where a fault has occurred and what type of fault it is.

Fault references are assigned to %S, %SA, %SB, and %SC memory, and they each have a nickname. These references are available for use in the application program as required. Refer to

Chapter 2, “System Operation,” for a list of the system status references.

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-5

3

Additional Fault Effects

Two faults described previously have additional effects associated with them. These are described in the following table.

Side Effect

PLC CPU Software Failure

PLC Sequence Store Failure

Description

When a PLC CPU software failure is logged, the Series 90-30

CPU immediately transitions into a special

ERROR SWEEP

mode. No activity is permitted in this mode. The only method of clearing this condition is to reset the PLC by cycling power.

During a sequence store (a store of program blocks and other data preceded with the special Start-of-Sequence command and ending with the End-of-Sequence command), if communications with the programming device performing the store is interrupted or any other failure occurs which terminates the download, the PLC Sequence Store

Failure fault is logged. As long as this fault is present in the system, the PLC will not transition to

RUN

mode.

PLC Fault Table Display

The PLC Fault Table screen displays PLC faults such as password violations, PLC/configuration mismatches, parity errors, and communications errors.

The programming software may be in any operating mode. If the programming software is in

OFFLINE mode, no faults are displayed. In ONLINE or

MONITOR

mode, PLC fault data is displayed. In ONLINE mode, faults can be cleared (this may be password protected).

Once cleared, faults that are still present are not logged again in the table (except for the “Low

Battery” fault).

I/O Fault Table Display

The I/O Fault Table screen displays I/O faults such as circuit faults, address conflicts, forced circuits, and I/O bus faults.

The programming software may be in any operating mode. If the programming software is in

OFFLINE mode, no faults are displayed. In ONLINE or

MONITOR

mode, I/O fault data is displayed. In

ONLINE

mode, faults can be cleared (this feature may be password protected).

Once cleared, faults that are still present are not logged again in the table.

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3

Accessing Additional Fault Information

The fault tables contain basic information regarding the fault. Additional information pertaining to each fault can be displayed through the programming software. In addition, the programming software can provide a hexadecimal dump of the fault.

The last entry, Correction, for each fault explanation in this chapter lists the action(s) to be taken to correct the fault. Note that the corrective action for some of the faults includes the statement:

Display the PLC Fault Table on the Programmer. Contact GE Fanuc Field

Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

This second statement means that you must tell Field Service both the information readable directly from the fault table and the hexadecimal information. Field Service personnel will then give you further instructions for the appropriate action to be taken.

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-7

3-8

3

Section 2: PLC Fault Table Explanations

Each fault explanation contains a fault description and instructions to correct the fault. Many fault descriptions have multiple causes. In these cases, the error code, displayed with the additional fault information, is used to distinguish different fault conditions sharing the same fault description. The error code is the first two hexadecimal digits in the fifth group of numbers, as shown in the following example.

01 000000 01030100 0902 0200 000000000000

|

|_____ Error Code (first two hex

digits in fifth group)

Some faults can occur because random access memory on the PLC CPU board has failed. These same faults may also occur because the system has been powered off and the battery voltage is (or was) too low to maintain memory. To avoid excessive duplication of instructions when corrupted memory may be a cause of the error, the correction simply states:

Perform the corrections for Corrupted Memory

.

This means:

1

.

If the system has been powered off, replace the battery. Battery voltage may be insufficient to maintain memory contents.

2

.

Replace the PLC CPU board. The integrated circuits on the PLC CPU board may be failing.

The following table enables you to quickly find a particular PLC fault explanation in this section.

Each entry is listed as it appears on the programmer screen.

Fault Description

Loss of, or Missing, Option Module

Reset of, Addition of, or Extra, Option Module

System Configuration Mismatch

Option Module Software Failure

Program Block Checksum Failure

Low Battery Signal

Constant Sweep Time Exceeded

Application Fault

No User Program Present

Corrupted User Program on Power-Up

Password Access Failure

PLC CPU System Software Failure

Communications Failure During Store

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3-9

3-9

3-10

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3-11

3-11

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3

Fault Actions

Fatal faults cause the PLC to enter a form of

STOP

mode at the end of the sweep in which the error occurred. Diagnostic faults are logged and corresponding fault contacts are set.

Informational faults are simply logged in the PLC fault table.

Loss of, or Missing, Option Module

The Fault Group Loss of, or Missing Option Module occurs when a PCM, CMM, or ADC fails to respond. The failure may occur at power-up if the module is missing or during operation if the module fails to respond. The fault action for this group is Diagnostic.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

1, 42

Option Module Soft Reset Failed

PLC CPU unable to re-establish communications with option module after soft reset.

(1) Try soft reset a second time.

(2) Replace the option module.

(3) Power off the system. Verify that the PCM is seated properly in the rack and that all cables are properly connected and seated.

(4) Replace the cables.

All Others

Module Failure During Configuration

The PLC operating software generates this error when a module fails during power-up or configuration store.

(1) Power off the system. Replace the module located in that rack and slot.

Reset of, Addition of, or Extra, Option Module

The Fault Group Reset of, Addition of, or Extra Option Module occurs when an option module

(PCM, ADC, etc.) comes online, is reset, or a module is found in the rack, but none is specified in the configuration. The fault action for this group is Diagnostic. Three bytes of fault specific data provide additional information regarding the fault.

Correction:

(1) Update the configuration file to include the module.

(2) Remove the module from the system.

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-9

3

System Configuration Mismatch

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

The Fault Group Configuration Mismatch occurs when the module occupying a slot is different from that specified in the configuration file. The fault action is Fatal.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

1

System Configuration Mismatch

The PLC operating software generates this fault when the module occupying a slot is not of the same type that the configuration file indicates should be in that slot, or when the configured rack type does not match the actual rack present.

Identify the mismatch and reconfigure the module or rack.

6

System Configuration Mismatch

This is the same as error code 1 in that this fault occurs when the module occupying a slot is not of the same type that the configuration file indicates should be in that slot, or when the configured rack type does not match the actual rack present.

Identify the mismatch and reconfigure the module or rack.

18

Unsupported Hardware

A PCM or PCM-type module is present in a 311, 313, or 323, or in an expansion rack.

Physically correct the situation by removing the PCM or PCM-type module or install a CPU that does support the PCM.

26

Module busy–config not yet accept by module

The module cannot accept new configuration at this time because it is busy with a different process.

Allow the module to complete the current operation and re-store the configuration.

51

END Function Executed from SFC Action

The placement of an END function in SFC logic or in logic called by SFC will produce this fault.

Remove the END function from the SFC logic or logic being called by the SFC logic.

3-10 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

3

Option Module Software Failure

The Fault Group Option Module Software Failure occurs when a non-recoverable software failure occurs on a PCM or ADC module. The fault action for this group is Fatal.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

All

CommReq Frequency Too High

CommReqs are being sent to a module faster than it can process them.

Change the PLC program to send CommReqs to the affected module at a slower rate.

Program Block Checksum Failure

The Fault Group Program Block Checksum Failure occurs when the PLC CPU detects error conditions in program blocks received by the PLC. It also occurs when the PLC CPU detects checksum errors during power-up verification of memory or during

RUN

mode background checking. The fault action for this group is Fatal.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

All

Program Block Checksum Failure

The PLC Operating Software generates this error when a program block is corrupted.

(1) Clear PLC memory and retry the store.

(2) Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc

PLC Field Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

Low Battery Signal

The Fault Group Low Battery Signal occurs when the PLC CPU detects a low battery on the PLC power supply or a module, such as the PCM, reports a low battery condition. The fault action for this group is Diagnostic.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

0

Failed Battery Signal

The CPU module (or other module having a battery) battery is dead.

Replace the battery. Do not remove power from the rack.

1

Low Battery Signal

A battery on the CPU, or other module has a low signal.

Replace the battery. Do not remove power from the rack.

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-11

3

Constant Sweep Time Exceeded

The Fault Group Constant Sweep Time Exceeded occurs when the PLC CPU operates in

CONSTANT SWEEP

mode, and it detects that the sweep has exceeded the constant sweep timer.

The fault extra data contains the actual time of the sweep in the first two bytes and the name of the program in the next eight bytes. The fault action for this group is Diagnostic.

Correction:

(1) Increase constant sweep time.

(2) Remove logic from application program.

Application Fault

The Fault Group Application Fault occurs when the PLC CPU detects a fault in the user program. The fault action for this group is Diagnostic, except when the error is a Subroutine Call

Stack Exceeded, in which case it is Fatal.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

7

Subroutine Call Stack Exceeded

Subroutine calls are limited to a depth of 8. A subroutine can call another subroutine which, in turn, can call another subroutine until 8 call levels are attained.

Modify program so that subroutine call depth does not exceed 8.

1B

CommReq Not Processed Due To PLC Memory Limitations

No-wait communication requests can be placed in the queue faster than they can be processed (for example, one per sweep). In a situation like this, when the communication requests build up to the point that the PLC has less than a minimum amount of memory available, the communication request will be faulted and not processed

Issue fewer communication requests or otherwise reduce the amount of mail being exchanged within the system.

5A

User Shut Down Requested

The PLC operating software (function blocks) generates this informational alarm when Service Request #13 (User Shut Down) executes in the application program.

None required. Information-only alarm.

3-12

No User Program Present

The Fault Group No User Program Present occurs when the PLC CPU is instructed to transition from

STOP

to

RUN

mode or a store to the PLC and no user program exists in the PLC. The

PLC CPU detects the absence of a user program on power-up. The fault action for this group is

Informational.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Correction:

Download an application program before attempting to go to

RUN

mode.

Corrupted User Program on Power-Up

The Fault Group Corrupted User Program on Power-Up occurs when the PLC CPU detects corrupted user RAM. The PLC CPU will remain in

STOP

mode until a valid user program and configuration file are downloaded. The fault action for this group is Fatal.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

1

Corrupted User RAM on Power-Up

The PLC operating software (operating software) generates this error when it detects corrupted user RAM on power-up.

(1) Reload the configuration file, user program, and references (if any).

(2) Replace the battery on the PLC CPU.

(3) Replace the expansion memory board on the PLC CPU.

(4) Replace the PLC CPU.

2

Illegal Boolean OpCode Detected

The PLC operating software (operating software) generates this error when it detects a bad instruction in the user program.

(1) Restore the user program and references (if any).

(2) Replace the expansion memory board on the PLC CPU.

(3) Replace the PLC CPU.

Password Access Failure

The Fault Group Password Access Failure occurs when the PLC CPU receives a request to change to a new privilege level and the password included with the request is not valid for that level. The fault action for this group is Informational.

Correction:

Retry the request with the correct password.

3

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-13

3-14

3

PLC CPU System Software Failure

The operating software of the Series 90-30 CPU generates Faults in the Fault Group PLC CPU

System Software Failure. They occur at many different points of system operation. When a Fatal fault occurs, the PLC CPU immediately transitions into a special

ERROR SWEEP

mode. No activity is permitted when the PLC is in this mode. The only way to clear this condition is to cycle power on the

PLC. The fault action for this group is Fatal.

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

1 through B

User Memory Could Not Be Allocated

The PLC operating software (memory manager) generates these errors when software requests the memory manager to allocate or de-allocate a block or blocks of memory from user RAM that are not legal. These errors should not occur in a production system.

Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc PLC Field

Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

D

System Memory Unavailable

The PLC operating software (I/O Scanner) generates this error when its request for a block of system memory is denied by the memory manager because no memory is available from the system memory heap. It is Informational if the error occurs during the execution of a DO I/O function block. It is Fatal if it occurs during power-up initialization or autoconfiguration.

Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc PLC Field

Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

E

System Memory Could Not Be Freed

The PLC operating software (I/O Scanner) generates this error when it requests the memory manager to de-allocate a block of system memory and the de-allocation fails. This error can only occur during the execution of a DO I/O function block.

(1) Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc

PLC Field Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

(2) Perform the corrections for corrupted memory.

10

Invalid Scan Request of the I/O Scanner

The PLC operating software (I/O Scanner) generates this error when the operating system or DO I/O function block scan requests neither a full nor a partial scan of the I/O. This should not occur in a production system.

Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc PLC Field

Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

13

PLC Operating Software Error

The PLC operating software generates this error when certain PLC operating software problems occur. This error should not occur in a production system.

(1) Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc

PLC Field Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

(2) Perform the corrections for corrupted memory.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

GFK-1411C

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

Error Code:

Name:

Description:

Correction:

14, 27

Corrupted PLC Program Memory

The PLC operating software generates these errors when certain PLC operating software problems occur. These should not occur in a production system.

(1) Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc

PLC Field Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

(2) Perform the corrections for corrupted memory.

27 through 4E

PLC Operating Software Error

The PLC operating software generates these errors when certain PLC operating software problems occur. These errors should not occur in a production system.

Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc PLC Field

Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

4F

Communications Failed

The PLC operating software (service request processor) generates this error when it attempts to comply with a request that requires backplane communications and receives a rejected response.

(1) Check the bus for abnormal activity.

(2) Replace the intelligent option module to which the request was directed.

50, 51, 53

System Memory Errors

The PLC operating software generates these errors when its request for a block of system memory is denied by the memory manager because no memory is available or contains errors.

(1) Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc

PLC Field Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

(2) Perform the corrections for corrupted memory.

52

Backplane Communications Failed

The PLC operating software (service request processor) generates this error when it attempts to comply with a request that requires backplane communications and receives a rejected mail response.

(1) Check the bus for abnormal activity.

(2) Replace the intelligent option module to which the request was directed.

(3) Check parallel programmer cable for proper attachment.

All Others

PLC CPU Internal System Error

An internal system error has occurred that should not occur in a production system.

Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc PLC Field

Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

3

Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-15

3

Communications Failure During Store

The Fault Group Communications Failure During Store occurs during the store of program blocks and other data to the PLC. The stream of commands and data for storing program blocks and data starts with a special start-of-sequence command and terminates with an end-of-sequence command. If communications with the programming device performing the store is interrupted or any other failure occurs which terminates the load, this fault is logged. As long as this fault is present in the system, the controller will not transition to

RUN

mode.

This fault is not automatically cleared on power-up; the user must specifically order the condition to be cleared. The fault action for this group is Fatal.

Correction:

Clear the fault and retry the download of the program or configuration file.

3-16 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

3

Section 3: I/O Fault Table Explanations

The I/O fault table reports data about faults in three classifications:

Fault category.

Fault type.

Fault description.

The faults described on the following page have a fault category, but do not have a fault type or fault group.

Each fault explanation contains a fault description and instructions to correct the fault. Many fault descriptions have multiple causes. The Fault Category is the first two hexadecimal digits in the fifth group of numbers, as shown in the following example.

02 1F0100 00030101FF7F 0302 0200 84000000000003

|

|_____ Fault Category (first two hex

digits in fifth group)

The following table enables you to quickly find a particular I/O fault explanation in this section.

Each entry is listed as it appears on the programmer screen.

Loss of I/O Module

The Fault Category Loss of I/O Module applies to Series 90-30 discrete and analog I/O modules.

There are no fault types or fault descriptions associated with this category. The fault action is

Diagnostic.

Description:

Correction:

The PLC operating software generates this error when it detects that a Model 30

I/O module is no longer responding to commands from the

PLC CPU, or when the configuration file indicates an I/O module is to occupy a slot and no module exists in the slot.

(1) Replace the module.

(2) Correct the configuration file.

(3) Display the PLC fault table on the programmer. Contact GE Fanuc

PLC Field Service, giving them all the information contained in the fault entry.

GFK-1411C Chapter 3 Fault Explanation and Correction 3-17

3

Addition of I/O Module

The Fault Category Addition of I/O Module applies to Series 90-30 discrete and analog I/O modules. There are no fault types or fault descriptions associated with this category. The fault action is Diagnostic.

Description:

Correction:

Description:

Correction:

The PLC operating software generates this error when an I/O module, which had been, faulted returns to operation.

(1) No action necessary if the module was removed or replaced, or the remote rack was power cycled.

(2) Update the configuration file or remove the module.

The PLC operating software generates this error when it detects a Series 90-30

I/O module in a slot that the configuration file indicates should be empty.

(1) Remove the module. (It may be in the wrong slot.)

(2) Update and restore the configuration file to include the extra module.

3-18 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Appendix

A

Instruction Timing

The Series 90-30 PLCs support many different functions and function blocks. This appendix contains tables showing the memory size in bytes and the execution time in microseconds for each function. Memory size is the number of bytes required by the function in a ladder diagram application program.

Two execution times are shown for each function:

Execution Time

Enabled

Disabled

Description

Time required to execute the function or function block when power flows into and out of the function. Typically, best-case times are when the data used by the block is contained in user RAM (word-oriented memory) and not in the ISCP cache memory (discrete memory).

Time required to execute the function when power flows into the function or function block; however, it is in an inactive state, as when a timer is held in the reset state.

Note

Timers and counters are updated each time they are encountered in the logic, timers by the amount of time consumed by the last sweep and counters by one count.

Note

For the 350, 351, 352, and 36x PLC CPUs, times are identical except for the

MOVE instruction, which is different for the 350 CPU—refer to the note at the bottom of the table on page A-6.

GFK-1411C A-1

A

Instruction Timing Tables

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models

Function

Group Function

Enabled

311 313 331 340/41 311

Disabled

313 331 340/41 311

Increment

313 331 340/41 Size

Timers

Counters

Math

Relational

On-Delay Timer

Off-Delay Timer

Timer

Up Counter

Down Counter

Addition (INT)

Addition (DINT)

Subtraction (INT)

Subtraction (DINT)

Multiplication (INT)

Multiplication (DINT)

Division (INT)

Division (DINT)

Modulo Division (INT)

Modulo Div (DINT)

Square Root (INT)

Square Root (DINT)

Equal (INT)

Equal (DINT)

Not Equal (INT)

Not Equal (DINT)

Greater Than (INT)

Greater Than (DINT)

Greater Than/Eq (INT)

Greater Than/Eq (DINT)

Less Than (INT)

Less Than (DINT)

Less Than/Equal (INT)

Less Than/Equal (DINT)

Range (INT)

Range(DINT)

Range(WORD)

146

75

92

79

98

122

137

136

76

90

134

153

268

66

108

79

375

78

86

67

81

64

89

64

87

66

87

66

57

36

86 57

92 58

59

36

58

35

56

39

51

33

103

124

239

35

80

51

346

51

81

46

62

49

47

76

70

70

47

60

106 75

93 60

58

34

57

54

35

51

35

107

123

241

36

101

50

348

49

80

45

62

50

44

75

69

69

46

60

34

56

54

57

54

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

21

0

0

0

32

30

33

31

0

0

0

0

30

21

31

29

32

19

30

19

29

22

28

20

41

41

41

46

41

41

41

41

41

41

41

41

43

27

175

27

54

65

120

19

42 105 39 38

25

34

28

23 116 63 58

40 103 54 53

36 130 63 62

37 127 61 61

24

34

41

41

0

1

1

0

41

41

41

0

1

0

1

0

1

41

42

42

41

41

41

41

41

0

1

1

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

37

29

45

0

0

0

0

0

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 5.01 of Logicmaster 90-30/20 software for Models 31 1, 313, 340, and 341 CPUs (Release 7 for the 331).

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

13

9

9

9

13

13

13

13

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

15

9

9

9

9

15

13

13

13

9

15

11

11

13

13

15

15

A-2 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

A

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models-Continued

Function Enabled Disabled Increment

Group

Bit

Operation

Function

Logical AND

Logical OR

Logical Exclusive OR

Logical Invert, NOT

Shift Bit Left

Shift Bit Right

Rotate Bit Left

Rotate Bit Right

Bit Position

Bit Clear

Bit Test

Bit Set

Masked Compare (WORD)

Masked Compare (DWORD)

Data Move Move (INT)

Move (BIT)

Move (WORD)

Block Move (INT)

Block Move (WORD)

Block Clear

Shift Register (BIT)

Shift Register (WORD)

Bit Sequencer

311

67

68

156

146

102

68

66

62

139

135

79

67

217

232

313

68 37

94

67

76

76

62

37

48

48

56

201

28

153

103 53

165 101

37

38

38

32

89

87

127

116

72

38

49

37

154

169

331

51

37

141

156

37

38

126

116

49

35

37

31

90

85

39

27

153

52

99

64

40

50

49

340/41 311 313 331 340/41 311

22

21

65

62

38

21

20

17

47

45

28

20

74

83

20

14

79

29

53

35

20

28

29

42 0

42 0

0

0

42 0

42 0

1

1

74 26 23

75 26 24

42 1

42 1

42 1

42 1

0

1

1

1

41 0 0

42 0 0

107 44 39

108 44 39

43 0 0

42 0

41 0

0

0

59 30 30

59 29 28

43 0 0

85 36 34

73 25 23

96 31 29

1

1

0

1

0

0

1

1

13

13

1

0

21

22

0

0

18

12

16

0

0

16

15

313 331

11.61

11.61

12.04

11.63

11.62

12.02

11.70

11.78

12.17

11.74

11.74

12.13

– – –

340/41 Size

1.62

1.62

5.25

1.31

12.61

12.64

12.59

1.62

1.63

5.25

1.35

1.29

0.69

0.68

1.62

1.62

0.07

0.07

1.40

0.71

6.33

1.31

0.78

0.37

2.03

1.31

0.08

0.05

Table

COMM_REQ

Array Move

INT

DINT

BIT

BYTE

WORD

1317 1272 1489

230

231

290

228

230

201

202

261

198

201

177

181

229

176

177

884

104

105

135

104

104

41 2

72 41

0

40

74 44 42

74 43 42

74 42 42

72 41 40

0

20

23

23

23

20

1.29

1.15

10.56

2.06

3.24

3.24

10.53

2.61

–.03

–.03

-0.01

0.79

0.81

0.82

8.51

1.25

1.29

1.15

10.56

2.06

Search Equal

INT

DINT

197

206

158

166

123

135

82

87

78 39 37

79 38 36

20

21

1.93

1.97

2.55

1.55

4.33

4.34

4.55

2.44

BYTE 179 141 117 74 78 38 36 21 1.53

1.49

1.83

1.03

WORD 197 158 123 82 78 39 37 20 1.93

1.97

2.55

1.55

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 5.01 of Logicmaster 90-30/20 software for Models 311, 313, 340, and 341 CPUs (Release 7 for the 331).

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

7. For instructions that have an increment value, multiply the increment by (Length –1) and add that value to the base time.

6.29

6.33

6.33

6.27

19

19

19

19

21

21

21

21

21

13

13

15

15

13

13

13

9

15

15

13

13

25

25

13

9

15

15

15

13

13

27

27

13

GFK-1411C Appendix A Instruction Timing A-3

A

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models-Continued

Function

Group Function 311 313

Enabled

331 340/41 311

Disabled

313 331 340/41 311

Increment

313 331 340/41 Size

Conversion

Search Not Equal

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Greater Than

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Greater Than/Eq

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Less Than

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Less Than/Equal

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Convert to INT

Convert to BCD–4

198

201

179

198

198

206

181

198

197

205

180

197

199

206

181

199

200

207

180

200

74

77

159

163

141

159

160

167

143

160

160

167

142

160

159

168

143

159

158

167

143

158

46

50

124

132

117

124

125

135

118

125

124

136

118

124

124

135

119

124

124

137

119

124

39

34

83

84

73

83

82

88

73

82

83

87

75

83

84

87

75

84

82

88

74

82

25

25

79

79

79

77

80

78

78

79

42

42

39

37

37

38

38

38

40

38

1

1

36

79 37 35

79 38 36

79 39 36

38

78 38 36

79 37 36

79 37 38

77 38 36

80 39 36

37

36

78 38 36

79 38 38

37

36

79 38 37

78 39 37

37

37

1

1

21

21

19

21

19

20

19

19

20

21

20

20

20

19

20

20

21

19

19

21

1

1

1.93

6.49

6.47

6.88

3.82

1.54

1.51

1.85

1.05

1.93

1.93

2.48

1.52

3.83

8.61

8.61

3.44

3.44

3.83

3.83

3.86

3.83

8.62

8.61

3.47

3.86

1.93

3.83

3.44

3.83

3.83

3.86

8.62

8.60

3.44

3.83

3.46

3.79

3.44

3.86

3.79

3.90

8.60

8.61

3.44

3.90

2.48

4.41

3.73

4.45

1.52

2.59

9.03

4.88

3.75

2.03

4.41

2.59

4.45

2.52

9.02

4.87

2.00

2.52

4.48

2.48

-1.36

4.88

3.75

4.45

2.00

2.48

4.45

2.55

9.01

4.86

3.73

4.45

2.02

2.55

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 5.01 of Logicmaster 90-30/20 software for Models 311, 313, 340, and 341 CPUs (Release 7 for the 331).

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

7. For instructions that have an increment value, multiply the increment by (Length –1) and add that value to the base time.

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

9

9

A-4 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Table A-1. Instruction Timing, Standard Models-Continued

Function

Group Function 311

Enabled

313 331 340/41 311

Disabled

313 331 340/41 311

Increment

313 331 340/41 Size

Control Call a Subroutine

Do I/O

PID – ISA Algorithm

PID – IND Algorithm

End Instruction

Service Request

# 6

# 7 (Read)

# 7 (Set)

#14

#15

#16

#18

#23

#26//30*

#29

Nested

MCR/ENDMCR

Combined

155

93

135

93

54

37

– 37

447 418

281 243

73

192

63

309

309

483

165

131 104 115

– 56 300

55

68

85

309 278 323 177

1870 1827 1812 929

2047 2007 2002 1017

– – – –

45

161

161

244

139

69

180

1689 1663 1591 939

1268 1354 6680 3538

41

39

41

38

91

91

41

41

41

41

43

42

75

2

2

2

2

2

1

0

2

2

0

1

56

56

25

0

0

82

82

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

21

0

0

30

30

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

12

*Service request #26/30 was measured using a high speed counter, 16-point output, in a 5-slot rack.

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 5.01 of Logicmaster 90-30/20 software for Models 311, 313, 340, and 341 CPUs (Release 7 for the 331).

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

7. For instructions that have an increment value, multiply the increment by (Length –1) and add that value to the base time.

7

12

15

15

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

8

A

GFK-1411C Appendix A Instruction Timing A-5

A

Function

Timers

Group

Counters

Math

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models

Function

On-Delay Timer

Timer

Off-Delay Timer

Up Counter

Down Counter

Addition (INT)

Addition (DINT)

Addition (REAL)

Subtraction (INT)

Subtraction (DINT)

Subtraction (REAL)

Multiplication (INT)

Multiplication (DINT)

Multiplication (REAL)

Division (INT)

Division (DINT),

Division (REAL)

Modulo Division (INT)

Modulo Div (DINT)

Square Root (INT)

Square Root (DINT)

Square Root (REAL)

Enabled Disabled

350/351/36x 350/351/36x 350/351/36x

4

3

3

1

3

25

82

21

25

21

24

68

22

2

2

52

2

2

53

42

70

137

3

3

6

3

3

0

0

0

2

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Increment Enabled Disabled Increment

352

3

2

4

2

1

25

36

21

25

21

24

38

22

41

70

35

1

2

33

1

2

34

352

352

2

2

5

2

2

0

0

0

2

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Size

13

13

19

17

13

19

13

19

17

13

10

13

11

13

19

17

13

19

17

15

15

15

Trigonometric

Logarithmic

Exponential

SIN (REAL)

COS (REAL)

TAN (REAL)

ASIN (REAL)

ACOS (REAL)

ATAN (REAL)

LOG (REAL)

LN (REAL)

EXP

EXPT

Radian Conversion Convert RAD to DEG

Convert DEG to RAD

360

319

510

440

683

264

469

437

639

89

65

59

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

32

29

32

45

63

33

32

32

42

54

32

32

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 7 of Logicmaster 90-30/20/Micro software for Model 351 and 352 CPUs.

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

11

11

17

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

A-6 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

A

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models-Continued

Enabled Disabled Increment Enabled Disabled Increment Function

Group Function

Relational Equal (INT)

Equal (DINT)

Equal (REAL)

Not Equal (INT)

Not Equal (DINT)

Not Equal (REAL)

Greater Than (INT)

Greater Than (DINT)

Greater Than (REAL)

Greater Than/Equal (INT)

Greater Than/Equal (DINT)

Greater Than/Equal (REAL)

Less Than (INT)

Less Than (DINT)

Less Than (REAL)

Less Than/Equal (INT)

Less Than/Equal (DINT)

Less Than/Equal (REAL)

Range (INT)

Range (DINT)

Range (WORD)

Bit Logical AND

Operation Logical OR

Logical Exclusive OR

Logical Invert, NOT

Shift Bit Left

Shift Bit Right

Rotate Bit Left

Rotate Bit Right

Bit Position

Bit Clear

Bit Test

Bit Set

Mask Compare (WORD)

Mask Compare (DWORD)

19

52

50

25

25

20

20

20

1

31

28

2

1

1

2

350/351/36x 350/351/36x 350/351/36x

1

2

57

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

37

2

2

1

58

1

3

1

1

57

1

62

1

1

57

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3.12

4.14

1.37

3.03

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 7 of Logicmaster 90-30/20/Micro software for Model 351 and 352 CPUs.

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

7. For instructions that have an increment value, multiply the increment by (Length –1) and add that value to the base time.

37

2

2

1

36

1

3

1

1

31

1

31

1

1

32

352

1

2

28

1

1

19

52

49

25

25

20

20

20

1

31

28

2

1

1

2

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

352

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3.12

4.14

1.37

3.03

352

Size

16

14

10

16

14

13

22

13

10

10

14

10

14

10

16

14

10

16

14

10

16

16

16

13

13

13

13

25

25

13

13

13

10

16

16

GFK-1411C Appendix A Instruction Timing A-7

A

A-8

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models-Continued

Enabled Disabled Increment Enabled Disabled Increment Function

Group Function 350/351/36X 350/351/36X 350/351/36X 352 352 352

Data Move Move (INT)

Move (BIT)

Move (WORD)

Move (REAL)

Block Move (INT)

Block Move (WORD)

Block Move (REAL)

Block Clear

Shift Register (BIT)

Shift Register (WORD)

Bit Sequencer

COMM_REQ

Table Array Move

INT

DINT

BIT

BYTE

WORD

Search Equal

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Not Equal

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Greater Than

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Greater Than/Equal

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

2

28

2

24

2

4

41

1

49

27

38

765

54

54

69

54

54

37

41

35

37

37

38

37

37

37

39

36

37

37

39

37

37

0

0

0

1

0

4

0

0

0

0

22

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0.41

4.98

0.41

0.82

0.24

0.23

0.41

0.02

0.97

0.81

0.36

0.64

0.97

0.62

1.38

0.46

0.62

0.62

2.14

0.47

0.62

1.52

2.26

1.24

1.52

1.48

2.33

1.34

1.48

2

28

2

24

2

3

41

1

46

27

38

765

54

54

69

54

54

37

41

35

37

37

38

37

37

37

39

36

37

37

39

37

37

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

22

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0.97

0.81

0.36

0.64

0.97

0.62

1.38

0.46

0.62

0.62

2.14

0.47

0.62

1.52

2.26

1.24

1.52

1.48

2.33

1.34

1.48

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 7 of Logicmaster 90-30/20/Micro software for 350 and 360 Series CPUs.

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

7. For instructions that have an increment value, multiply the increment by (Length –1) and add that value to the base time.

0.24

0.23

0.41

0.02

0.41

4.98

0.41

0.82

Size

10

13

16

16

13

28

13

11

16

10

13

28

19

22

19

19

19

22

19

19

19

22

19

19

22

22

22

22

22

19

22

19

19

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

GFK-1411C

Table A-2. Instruction Timing, High Performance Models-Continued

Function

Group Function

Search Less Than

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Search Less Than/Equal

INT

DINT

BYTE

WORD

Conversion Convert to INT

Convert to BCD-4

Convert to REAL

Control

Convert to WORD

Truncate to INT

Truncate to DINT

Call a Subroutine

Do I/O

PID – ISA Algorithm*

PID – IND Algorithm*

End Instruction

Service Request

#6

#7 (Read)

#7 (Set)

#14

#15

#16

#18

#23

#26//30**

#29

#43

Nested MCR/ENDMCR

Combined

Sequential Event

Recorder (SER)

Enabled

350/351/36x

37

41

37

37

38

40

37

38

19

21

27

28

32

63

72

114

162

146

22

75

75

121

46

36

261

426

2260

20

1

Disabled

350/351/36x

0

1

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

1

34

34

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

Increment

350/351/36x

1.52

2.27

1.41

1.52

1.48

2.30

1.24

1.48

Enabled

352

37

41

37

37

38

40

37

38

19

21

21

30

32

31

73

115

162

146

22

75

75

121

46

36

261

426

2260

20

1

Disabled

352

0

1

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

1

34

34

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

Increment

352

1.52

2.27

1.41

1.52

1.48

2.30

1.24

1.48

Size

19

22

19

19

11

11

11

7

13

16

16

10

10

8

19

22

19

19

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

4

See Table

A-3

26.50

See Table A-3

*The PID times shown above are based on the 6.5 release of the 351 CPU.

**Service request #26/30 was measured using a high speed counter, 16-point output, in a 5-slot rack.

Notes:

1. Time (in microseconds) is based on Release 7 of Logicmaster 90-30/20/Micro software for 350 and 360 Series CPUs.

2. For table functions, increment is in units of length specified.; for bit operation functions, microseconds/bit.; for data move functions, microseconds/number of bits or words.

3. Enabled time for single length units of type %R, %AI, and %AQ.

4. COMMREQ time has been measured between CPU and HSC.

5. DOIO is the time to output values to discrete output module.

6. Where there is more than one possible case, the time indicated above represents the worst possible case.

7. For instructions that have an increment value, multiply the increment by (Length –1) and add that value to the base time.

A

Appendix A Instruction Timing A-9

A

Table A-3. SER Function Block Timing

Configuration

No power flow (disabled)

Contiguous

8 samples

16 samples

24 samples

32 samples

8 + 8 contiguous samples

8 + 8 + 8 contiguous samples

8 + 8 + 8 + 8 contiguous samples

Noncontiguous

8 samples

16 samples

24 samples

32 samples

%I1—8

%I1—16

%I1—24

%I1—32

Example

%I1—8 and %Q1—8

%I1—8, %Q1—8 and

%M1—8

%I1—8, %Q1—8 and

%M1—8 and %T1—8

26.50

79.94

80.58

81.56

81.73

111.03

143.38

175.79

Time (µsec)

%I1, %M10, %Q3, etc.

299.64

552.83

806.35

1059.85

Reset

with 8 samples with 16 samples with 24 samples

162.63

267.51

372.73

with 32 samples —

Notes:

Increment for specifying an Input module: +46 µsec

477.95

Increment for each group of 8 contiguous samples: +32 µsec

Increment for each group of 8 noncontiguous samples: +254 µsec

Increment for trigger sample using BCD format: +29 µsec

Increment for trigger sample using Posix format: +148 µsec

Times shown for reset are for the maximum buffer size of 1024 samples. (Reset clears all samples in the sample buffer.)

A-10 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Table A-4. SER Function Block Trigger Timestamp Formats

Example trigger time of November 3, 1998 at 8:34:05:16 a.m.

BCD Format: struct time_of_day_clk_rec { unsigned char seconds; unsigned char minutes; unsigned char hours; unsigned char day_of_month; unsigned char month; unsigned char year;

};

Register

%R0203

%R204

%R205

%R206

Parameter

Minutes/Seconds

Day of Month/Hours

Year/Month

Unused

Value (dec)

13317

776

-26607

0

Value (hex)

3405

0308

9811

0

POSIX Format: struct timespec { long long tv_sec; /* Number of seconds since January 1, 1970 */ tv_nsec;/* Number of nanoseconds into next seconds */

};

Register

%R0203

%R204

%R205

%R206

Parameter

Seconds Low Word

Seconds High Word

Nano-seconds Low Word

Nano-seconds High Word

Value (dec)

-7811

13845

26624

2441

Value (hex)

e17d

3615

6800

0989

A

GFK-1411C Appendix A Instruction Timing A-11

A

Instruction Sizes for High Performance CPUs

Memory size is the number of bytes required by the instruction in a ladder diagram application program. Model 351 and 352 CPUs require three bytes for most standard Boolean functions—see

Table A-3.

Table A-5. Instruction Sizes for 350—352, 360, 363, and 364 CPUs

Function

No operation

Pop stack and AND to top

Pop stack and OR to top

Duplicate top of stack

Pop stack

Initial stack

Label

Jump

All other instructions

Function blocks—see Table A-2

Size

1

1

1

1

1

1

3

5

5

Boolean Execution Times

The table below lists execution times of coils and contacts for the Series 90-30 CPU modules.

Table A-5. Boolean Execution Times

CPU Model

Model 350 and 360 Series

Model 340/341

Model 331

Model 313/323

Model 311

Execution Time per

1,000 Boolean Contacts/Coils

0.22 milliseconds

0.3 milliseconds

0.4 milliseconds

0.6 milliseconds

18.0 milliseconds

A-12 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Appendix

B

Interpreting Fault Tables

The Series 90-30 PLCs maintain two fault tables, the I/O fault table for faults generated by I/O devices (including I/O controllers) and the PLC fault table for internal PLC faults. The information in this appendix will enable you to interpret the message structure format when reading these fault tables. Both tables contain similar information.

The PLC fault table contains:

†

†

Fault location.

Fault description.

†

Date and time of fault.

The I/O fault table contains:

†

†

Fault location.

Reference address.

†

Fault category.

†

Fault type.

†

Date and time of fault.

GFK-1411C B-1

B-2

B

PLC Fault Table

Access the PLC fault table through the programming software. For information about accessing fault tables, refer to the online help, or to the user's manual for your software: VersaPro User's

Guide (GFK-1670) or Using Control (GFK-1295).

The following diagram identifies each field in the fault entry for the System Configuration

Mismatch fault displayed above:

00 000000 000373F2 0B03 0100 000000000000000000047E0C0B0301000000000000000000

Fault Extra Data

Error Code

Fault Action

Fault Group

Task

Slot

Rack

Spare

Long/ Short

The System Configuration Mismatch fault entry is explained below. (All data is in hexadecimal.)

Field

Long/Short

Rack

Slot

Task

Fault Group

Fault Action

Error Code

Value

0B

03

01

00

00

03

44

Description

This fault contains 8 bytes of fault extra data.

Main rack (rack 0).

Slot 3.

System Configuration Mismatch fault.

FATAL fault.

The following paragraphs describe each field in the fault entry. Included are tables describing the range of values each field may have.

Long/Short Indicator

This byte indicates whether the fault contains 8 bytes or 24 bytes of fault extra data.

Type Code Fault Extra Data

Short

Long

00

01

8 bytes

24 bytes

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

B

Spare

These six bytes are pad bytes, used to make the PLC fault table entry exactly the same length as the I/O fault table entry.

Rack

The rack number ranges from 0 to 7. Zero is the main rack, containing the PLC. Racks 1 through 7 are expansion racks, connected to the PLC through an expansion cable.

Slot

The slot number ranges from 0 to 9. The PLC CPU always occupies slot 1 in the main rack (rack

0).

Task

The task number ranges from 0 to +65,535. Sometimes the task number gives additional information for PLC engineers; typically, the task can be ignored.

PLC Fault Group

Fault group is the highest classification of a fault. It identifies the general category of the fault.

Table B-1 lists the possible fault groups in the PLC fault table.

The last non-maskable fault group, Additional PLC Fault Codes, is declared for the handling of new fault conditions in the system without the PLC having to specifically know the alarm codes.

All unrecognized PLC-type alarm codes belong to this group.

GFK-1411C Appendix B Interpreting Fault Tables B-3

B

Table B-1. PLC Fault Groups

Group Number

Decimal Hexadecimal

20

21

22

16

17

18

19

128

129

130

11

12

13

14

1

4

5

8

132

135

137

14

15

16

10

11

12

13

80

81

82

B

C

D

E

1

4

5

8

84

87

89

Group Name

Loss of, or missing, rack.

Loss of, or missing, option module.

Addition of, or extra, rack.

Addition of, or extra, option module.

System configuration mismatch.

System bus error.

PLC CPU hardware failure.

Non-fatal module hardware failure.

Option module software failure.

Program block checksum failure.

Low battery signal.

Constant sweep time exceeded.

PLC system fault table full.

I/O fault table full.

User Application fault.

Additional PLC fault codes.

System bus failure.

No user’s program on power-up.

Corrupted user RAM detected.

Password access failure.

PLC CPU software failure.

PLC sequence-store failure.

Fault Action

Fatal

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Fatal

Diagnostic

Fatal

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Fatal

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

As specified

Fatal

Informational

Fatal

Informational

Fatal

Fatal

Fault Action

Each fault may have one of three actions associated with it. These fault actions are fixed on the

Series 90-30 PLC and cannot be changed by the user.

Table B-2. PLC Fault Actions

Fault Action

Informational

Diagnostic

Fatal

Action Taken by CPU

Log fault in fault table.

Log fault in fault table.

Set fault references.

Log fault in fault table.

Set fault references.

Go to STOP mode.

Code

1

2

3

B-4 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Error Code

The error code further describes the fault. Each fault group has its own set of error codes. Table

B-3 shows error codes for the PLC Software Error Group (Group 87H).

Table B-3. Alarm Error Codes for PLC CPU Software Faults

Decimal Hexadecimal

20

39

82

90

All others

14

27

52

5A

Name

Corrupted PLC Program Memory.

Corrupted PLC Program Memory.

Backplane Communications Failed.

User Shut Down Requested.

PLC CPU Internal System Error.

Table B-4 shows the error codes for all the other fault groups.

B

GFK-1411C Appendix B Interpreting Fault Tables B-5

B-6

B

Table B-4. Alarm Error Codes for PLC Faults

Decimal Hexadecimal Name

PLC Error Codes for Loss of Option Module Group (04)

8

10

23

58

2

5

6

7

1

2

3

4

44

45

79

255

2

4

5

1

2

3

5

11

13

401

3

0

1

1

2C

2D

4F

FF

Option Module Soft Reset Failed

Option Module Soft Reset Failed

Loss of Daughterboard

Option Module Communication Failed

Error Codes for Reset of, Addition of, or Extra Option Module Group (08)

2

4

5

All others

Module Restart Complete

Addition of Daughterboard

Reset of Daughterboard

Reset of, Addition of, or Extra Option Module

Error Codes for System Configuration Mismatch Group (11)

8

A

17

3A

Analog Expansion Mismatch

Unsupported Feature

Program exceeds memory limits

Mismatch of Daughterboard

Error Codes for System Bus Error Group (12)

All others System Bus Error

Error Codes for PLC CPU Hardware Faults (13)

All codes PLC CPU Hardware Failure

Error Codes for Option Module Software Failure Group (16)

1

2

3

5

B

D

191

Unsupported Board Type

COMREQ – mailbox full on outgoing message that starts the

COMREQ

COMREQ – mailbox full on response

Backplane Communications with PLC; Lost Request

Resource (alloc, tbl ovrflw, etc.) error

User program error

Module Software Corrupted; Requesting Reload

3

Error Codes for Program Block Checksum Group (17)

Program or program block checksum failure

0

1

Error Codes for Low Battery Signal (18)

Failed battery on PLC CPU or other module

Low battery on PLC CPU or other module

2

5

6

7

Error Codes for User Application Fault Group (22)

PLC Watchdog Timer Timed Out

COMREQ – WAIT mode not available for this command

COMREQ – Bad Task ID

Application Stack Overflow

1

Error Codes for System Bus Failure Group (128)

Operating system

Error Codes for Corrupted User RAM on Powerup Group (130)

1

2

3

4

Corrupted User RAM on Power-up

Illegal Boolean Opcode Detected

PLC_ISCP_PC_OVERFLOW

PRG_SYNTAX_ERR

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

B

Fault Extra Data

This field contains details of the fault entry. An example of what data may be present are:

Corrupted

User RAM

Group:

Four of the error codes in the System Configuration Mismatch group supply fault extra data:

Table B-5. PLC Fault Data - Illegal Boolean Opcode Detected

Fault Extra Data

[0]

[1]

[2,3]

[4,5]

Model Number Mismatch

ISCP Fault Register Contents

Bad OPCODE

ISCP Program Counter

Function Number

For a RAM failure in the PLC CPU (one of the faults reported as a PLC CPU hardware failure), the address of the failure is stored in the first four bytes of the field.

PLC CPU

Hardware

Failure (RAM

Failure):

PLC Fault Time Stamp

The six-byte time stamp is the value of the system clock when the fault was recorded by the PLC CPU. (Values are coded in BCD format.)

Table B-6. PLC Fault Time Stamp

3

4

1

2

5

6

Byte Number Description

Seconds

Minutes

Hours

Day of the month

Month

Year

GFK-1411C Appendix B Interpreting Fault Tables B-7

B

I/O Fault Table

The following diagram identifies the hexadecimal information displayed in each field in the fault entry.

00 FF0000 00037F7FFF7F 0702 0F 00 00 010000000000027EF00B0301000000000000000000

Fault Specific Data

Fault Description

Fault Type

Fault Category

Fault Action

Fault Group

Point

Block

I/O Bus

Slot

Rack

Reference Address

Long/Short

B-8 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

GFK-1411C

B

The following paragraphs describe each field in the I/O fault table. Included are tables describing the range of values each field may have.

Long/Short Indicator

This byte indicates whether the fault contains 5 bytes or 21 bytes of fault specific data.

Table B-7. I/O Fault Table Format Indicator Byte

Type

Short

Long

02

03

Code Fault Specific Data

5 bytes

21 bytes

Reference Address

Reference address is a three-byte address containing the I/O memory type and location (or offset) in that memory which corresponds to the point experiencing the fault. Or, when a Genius block fault or integral analog module fault occurs, the reference address refers to the first point on the block where the fault occurred.

Table B-8. I/O Reference Address

0

1–2

Byte Description

Memory Type

Offset

0 – FF

0 – 7FF

Range

The memory type byte is one of the following values.

Table B-9. I/O Reference Address Memory Type

Name

Analog input

Analog output

Analog grouped

Discrete input

Discrete output

Discrete grouped

Value (Hexadecimal)

0A

0C

0D

10 or 46

12 or 48

1F

I/O Fault Address

The I/O fault address is a six-byte address containing rack, slot, bus, block, and point address of the I/O point which generated the fault. The point address is a word; all other addresses are one byte each. All five values may not be present in a fault.

When an I/O fault address does not contain all five addresses, a 7F hex appears in the address to indicate where the significance stops. For example, if 7F appears in the bus byte, then the fault is a module fault. Only rack and slot values are significant.

Appendix B Interpreting Fault Tables B-9

B

B-10

Rack

The rack number ranges from 0 to 7. Zero is the main rack, i.e., the one containing the PLC.

Racks 1 through 7 are expansion racks.

Slot

The slot number ranges from 0 to 9. The PLC CPU always occupies slot 1 in the main rack (rack

0).

Point

Point ranges from 1 to 1024 (decimal). It tells which point on the block has the fault when the fault is a point-type fault.

I/O Fault Group

Fault group is the highest classification of a fault. It identifies the general category of the fault.

Table B-10 lists the possible fault groups in the I/O fault table. Group numbers less than 80 (Hex) are maskable faults.

The last non-maskable fault group, Additional I/O Fault Codes, is declared for the handling of new fault conditions in the system without the PLC having to specifically know the alarm codes.

All unrecognized I/O-type alarm codes belong to this group.

Table B-10. I/O Fault Groups

Group Number

9

A

3

7

Group Name

Loss of, or missing, I/O module.

Addition of, or extra, I/O module.

IOC or I/O bus fault.

I/O module fault.

Additional I/O fault codes.

Fault Action

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

Diagnostic

As specified

I/O Fault Action

The fault action specifies what action the PLC CPU should take when a fault occurs. Table B-11 lists possible fault actions.

Table B-11. I/O Fault Actions

Fault Action

Informational

Diagnostic

Fatal

Action Taken by CPU

Log fault in fault table.

Log fault in fault table.

Set fault references.

Log fault in fault table.

Set fault references.

Go to STOP mode.

Code

1

2

3

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

I/O Fault Specific Data

An I/O fault table entry may contain up to 5 bytes of I/O fault specific data.

Symbolic Fault Specific Data

Table B-12 lists data that is required for block circuit configuration.

Table B-12. I/O Fault Specific Data

Decimal Number Hex Code Description

Circuit Configuration

1

2

3

Circuit is an input – tristate.

Circuit is an input.

Circuit is an output.

B

Fault Actions for Specific Faults

Forced/unforced circuit faults are reported as informational faults. All others are diagnostic or fatal.

The model number mismatch, I/O type mismatch and non-existent I/O module faults are reported in the PLC fault table under the System Configuration Mismatch group. They are not reported in the I/O fault table.

I/O Fault Time Stamp

The six-byte time stamp is the value of the system clock when the fault was recorded by the PLC

CPU. Values are coded in BCD format.

Table B-13. I/O Fault Time Stamp

Byte Number

3

4

1

2

5

6

Description

Seconds

Minutes

Hours

Day of the month

Month

Year

GFK-1411C Appendix B Interpreting Fault Tables B-11

Appendix

C

Using Floating-Point Numbers

There are a few considerations you need to understand when using floating-point numbers. The first section discusses these general considerations. Refer to page C-5 and following for instructions on entering and displaying floating-point numbers.

Note

Floating-point capabilities are only supported on the 35x and 36x series CPUs,

Release 9 or later, and on all releases of CPU352.

Floating-Point Numbers

The programming software provides the ability to edit, display, store, and retrieve numbers with real values. Some functions operate on floating-point numbers. However, to use floating-point numbers with the programming software, you must have a 35x or 36x series CPU (see Note above). Floating-point numbers are represented in decimal scientific notation, with a display of six significant digits.

Note

In this manual, the terms “floating-point” and “real” are used interchangeably to describe the floating-point number display/entry feature of the programming software.

The following format is used. For numbers in the range 9999999 to .0001, the display has no exponent and up to six or seven significant digits. For example:

Entered

.000123456789

–12.345e-2

1234

Displayed Description

+.0001234567

Ten digits, six or seven significant.

–.1234500

Seven digits, six or seven significant.

+1234.000

Seven digits, six or seven significant.

GFK-1411C C-1

C

Outside the range listed above, only six significant digits are displayed and the display has the form:

+1.23456E+12

||| | | |

||| | | +——— Exponent (signed power of 10)

||| | |

||| | +————— Exponent indicator and sign of exponent

||| |

||| +———————— Five less significant digits

|||

||+——————————— Decimal point

||

|+———————————— Most significant digit

|

+————————————— Sign of the entire number

C-2 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

C

Internal Format of Floating-Point Numbers

Floating-point numbers are stored in single precision IEEE-standard format. This format requires

32 bits, which translates to two adjacent 16-bit PLC registers. The encoding of the bits is diagrammed below.

32

8-bit exponent

Bits 17-32 Bits 1-16

17 16

23-bit mantissa

1-bit sign (Bit 32)

1

Register use by a single floating-point number is diagrammed below. In this diagram, if the floating-point number occupies registers R5 and R6, for example, R5 is the least significant register and R6 is the most significant register.

Least Significant Register

Bits 1-16

16

1

Least Significant Bit: Bit 1

Most Significant Bit: Bit 16

32

Most Significant Register

Bits 17-32

17

Least Significant Bit: Bit 17

Most Significant Bit: Bit 32

GFK-1411C Appendix C Using Floating-Point Numbers C-3

C

Values of Floating-Point Numbers

Use the following table to calculate the value of a floating-point number from the binary number stored in two registers.

Exponent (e) Mantissa (f) Value of Floating Point Number

255

255

Non-zero

0

Not a valid number (NaN).

–1s *

0 < e < 255 Any value

–1s

* 2e–127 * 1.f

0 Non-zero

–1s

* 2–126 * 0.f

0 0 0 f = the mantissa. The mantissa is a binary fraction.

e = the exponent. The exponent is an integer E such that E+127 is the power of 2 by which the mantissa must be multiplied to yield the floating-point value.

s = the sign bit.

* = the multiplication operator.

For example, consider the floating-point number 12.5. The IEEE floating-point binary representation of the number is:

01000001 01001000 00000000 00000000

or 41480000 hex. The most significant bit (the sign bit) is zero (s=0). The next eight most significant bits are 10000010, or 130 decimal (e=130).

The mantissa is stored as a decimal binary number with the decimal point preceding the most significant of the 23 bits. Thus, the most significant bit in the mantissa is a multiple of 2–1, the next most significant bit is a multiple of 2–2, and so on to the least significant bit, which is a multiple of 2–23. The final 23 bits (the mantissa) are:

1001000 00000000 00000000

The value of the mantissa, then, is .5625 (that is, 2–1 + 2–4).

Since e > 0 and e < 255, we use the third formula in the table above:

number = –1 s

* 2 e–127

* 1.f

= –1

0

* 2

130–127

* 1.5625

= 1 * 2

3

* 1.5625

= 8 * 1.5625

= 12.5

Thus, you can see that the above binary representation is correct.

The range of numbers that can be stored in this format is from ± 1.401298E–45 to

± 3.402823E+38 and the number zero.

C-4 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

C

Entering and Displaying Floating-Point Numbers

In the mantissa, up to six or seven significant digits of precision may be entered and stored; however, the programming software will display only the first six of these digits. The mantissa may be preceded by a positive or negative sign. If no sign is entered, the floating-point number is assumed to be positive.

If an exponent is entered, it must be preceded by the letter

E

or

e

, and the mantissa must contain a decimal point to avoid mistaking it for a hexadecimal number. The exponent may be preceded by a sign; but, if none is provided, it is assumed to be positive. If no exponent is entered, it is assumed to be zero. No spaces are allowed in a floating-point number.

To provide ease-of-use, several formats are accepted in both command-line and field data entry.

These formats include an integer, a decimal number, or a decimal number followed by an exponent. These numbers are converted to a standard form for display once the user has entered the data and pressed the Enter key.

Examples of valid floating-point number entries and their normalized display are shown below.

Entered

250

+4

–2383019

34.

–.0036209

12.E+9

–.0004E–11

731.0388

99.20003e–29

Displayed

+250,0000

+4.000000

–2383019.

+34.00000

–.003620900

+1.20000E+10

–4.00000E–15

+731.0388

+9.92000E–28

Examples of invalid floating-point number entries are shown below.

Invalid Entry

–433E23

10e-19

10.e19

4.1e19

Explanation

Missing decimal point.

Missing decimal point.

The mantissa cannot contain spaces between digits or characters.

This is accepted as 10.e0, and an error message is displayed.

The exponent cannot contain spaces between digits or characters.

This is accepted as 4.1e0, and an error message is displayed.

GFK-1411C Appendix C Using Floating-Point Numbers C-5

C-6

C

Errors in Floating-Point Numbers and Operations

On a 352 CPU, overflow occurs when a number greater than 3.402823E+38 or less than

-3.402823E+38 is generated by a REAL function. On all other 90-30 models that support floating point operations, the range is greater than 2

16

or less than –2

16.

When your number exceeds the range, the ok output of the function is set OFF; and the result is set to positive infinity (for a number greater than 3.402823E+38 on a 352 CPU or 2

16 on all other models) or negative infinity

(for a number less than –3.402823E+38 or –2

16 on all other models). You can determine where this occurs by testing the sense of the ok output.

POS_INF = 7F800000h – IEEE positive infinity representation in hex.

NEG_INF = FF800000h – IEEE negative infinity representation in hex.

Note

If you are using software floating point (all models capable of floating point operations except the 352 CPU), numbers are rounded to zero (0) at

±

1.175494E–38.

If the infinities produced by overflow are used as operands to other REAL functions, they may cause an undefined result. This undefined result is referred to as an NaN (Not a Number). For example, the result of adding positive infinity to negative infinity is undefined. When the

ADD_REAL function is invoked with positive infinity and negative infinity as its operands, it produces an NaN for its result.

On a 352 CPU, each REAL function capable of producing an NaN produces a specialized NaN which identifies the function:

NaN_SW

NaN_ADD

NaN_SUB

NaN_MUL

NaN_DIV

NaN_SQRT

NaN_LOG

NaN_POW0

NaN_SIN

NaN_COS

NaN_TAN

NaN_ASIN

NaN_ACOS

NaN_BCD

REAL_INDEF

= FFFFFFFFh

= 7F81FFFFh

= 7F81FFFFh

= 7F82FFFFh

= 7F83FFFFh

= 7F84FFFFh

= 7F85FFFFh

= 7F86FFFFh

= 7F87FFFFh

= 7F88FFFFh

= 7F89FFFFh

= 7F8AFFFFh

= 7F8BFFFFh

= 7F8CFFFFh

= FFC00000h

– Software floating point NaN.

– Real addition error value in hex.

– Real subtraction error value in hex.

– Real multiplication error value in hex.

– Real division error value in hex.

– Real square root error value in hex.

– Real logarithm error value in hex.

– Real exponent error value in hex.

– Real sine error value in hex.

– Real cosine error value in hex.

– Real tangent error value in hex.

– Real inverse sine error value in hex.

– Real inverse cosine error value in hex.

– BCD-4 to real error.

– Real indefinite, divide 0 by 0 error.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

C

All other CPUs that support floating point operations produce one NaN output: FFFF FFFF.

When an NaN result is fed into another function, it passes through to the result. For example, if an NaN_ADD is the first operand to the SUB_REAL function, the result of the SUB_REAL is

NaN_ADD. If both operands to a function are NaNs, the first operand will pass through. Because of this feature of propagating NaNs through functions, you can identify the function where the

NaN originated.

Note

For NaN, the ok output is OFF (not energized).

The following table explains when power is or is not passed when dealing with numbers viewed as or equal to infinity for binary operations such as Add, Multiply, etc. As shown previously, outputs that exceed the positive or negative limits are viewed as POS_INF or NEG_INF respectively.

Table C-1. General Case of Power Flow for Floating-Point Operations

All

Operation

All Except

Division

All

Division

All

Input 1

Number

Infinity

Number

Infinity

Number

Input 2

Number

Number

Infinity

Number

Number

Output

Positive or

Negative Infinity

Infinity

Infinity

Infinity

NaN

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

Power Flow

GFK-1411C Appendix C Using Floating-Point Numbers C-7

Appendix

D

Setting Up a Modem

This appendix describes how to set up 32-bit modem communications with your PLC using the

Windows programming software and the Communications Configuration Utility (CCU). If you are unable to use the built-in communications utility, HyperTerminal software can be used as an alternate means of establishing modem communications.

Modem Configuration and Cabling

Refer to the setup documents (cabling, AT commands, general setup) for your modem at: http://www.gefanuc.com/support/plc/modems.htm

or on our FaxLink system (804-978-5824):

FaxLink Document

2302

2303

2304

2305

2307

2308

2310

Modem

Hayes Optima

Practical Peripherals

Motorola V3225 4-wire leased line

Data-Linc dialup/leased line

MultiTech 1932ZDX

Boca Modem V.34 28.8, V.32 14.4 Model M14EW

USRobotics 56K

GFK-1411C D-1

D

PLC CPU Configuration

1

.

In VersaPro or Control open the Hardware Configuration (HWC) utility. If a CPU has not been configured, choose the desired PLC CPU type.

2

.

In the Parameters dialog box for the CPU, enter the desired baud rate (9600 typically), no parity, 1 stop bit, and a modem turnaround of 1 (if necessary.)

3

.

Save the configuration of the CPU and download it to the PLC.

D-2 Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

Installing the Modem into Windows

1

.

In the Start menu, choose Settings,

Control Panel, and Modems icon. In the Modems Properties dialog box, click the Add button and install a standard modem (typically 9600).

2

.

With the standard modem selected, click the Properties button. Under the maximum speed for that modem, choose

9600 (or other desired baud rate) if it is not already selected.

3

.

On the Connection tab, the Data bits should be 8, Parity should be none, and

Stop bits should be 1.

D

GFK-1411C Appendix D Setting Up a Modem D-3

D

4

.

Click the Advanced… button, and deselect the Flow Control checkbox.

5

.

Click OK until you have closed the Modem Properties dialog box.

Setting Up the Communications Configuration Utility (CCU)

1

.

In VersaPro, in the Tools menu, and

Control, under the COMM menu selects

Communications Setup. Enter your password (default is netutil). Once in the

CCU, select the Modems tab. Click New to add a new modem to the list.

Give the modem a name and enter the area code and phone number. Click OK to accept the modem.

D-4

Note

Although the Configure Line button opens a modem properties dialog box, changes to parameters in this box are not saved. Use the Windows Control Panel to configure the modem.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

2

.

In the CCU, click on the Ports tab. Click New to add a new port to the list.

D

Enter the name of the port.

Next to Type, select SNP_SERIAL.

Next to Physical Port, select the desired COM port for the modem on your computer.

Set the Port Settings to be equal with those that were configured for the PLC CPU.

Select the Associated Modem that was created in step 1.

Click the Advanced button.

Next to Connect Timeout, enter a value (in milliseconds) of approximately 40000 (40 seconds). This time may be longer or shorter depending on how long it takes for the modem to establish communications.

Click OK to accept the port.

GFK-1411C Appendix D Setting Up a Modem D-5

D

3

.

In the CCU, click on the Devices tab. Click New to add a new device to the list.

Under Device Name, type in the desired name for the device.

Next to Device Model, select from the list the type of CPU to communicate with.

Next to Default Port, select from the list the port that was created in step 2.

Next to Associated Modem, select the modem that was created in step 1 from the list (If the port and/or the modem do not appear in the list, they need to be created and saved).

Click OK to accept the device.

4

.

Click OK in the CCU to accept the configuration changes.

Connecting to the PLC

1

.

In Control software, under the COMM menu, select Connect. In VersaPro, go to the PLC menu and select Connect.

D-6

2

.

If not already selected, select the Device and Port that are configured for the modem. Click

Connect to initiate communications with the PLC. The modem will dial and communications will be initialized.

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

D

Using the HyperTerminal Utility to Establish Connection

If the modem will not dial or connect using the built-in communications, HyperTerminal can be used as a backup. When using HyperTerminal, the modem functions (dialing, hanging up) are executed independently of the PLC programming software. Once the modems are connected to each other, the PLC programming software will communicate as if it were connected directly to the

PLC.

Note

This approach may not work for PCMCIA modems.

Modem configuration can be accomplished with HyperTerminal by entering the “AT” commands specified by the FaxLink documents listed on page D-1. Some typical settings necessary for SNP to operate across a modem connection are:

Flow control – disabled

Error correction – disabled

Data compression – disabled

Baud rate – only at the desired baud rate

Break signal – sent intact (only for pre-Break-Free CPUs)

DTR signal – ignored

Autoanswer for remote modem – selected

1.

To start HyperTerminal, go to the Start menu and select Programs, Accessories, and

HyperTerminal. (In Windows 98, HyperTerminal is under Accessories, Communications…)

In HyperTerminal, enter a name for the connection. Naming and saving the connection makes it easier to re-connect in the future.

2.

To open the Properties dialog box, go to File, Properties. Next to Connect Using, choose the comm port that the modem is connected (or mapped) to.

3.

Click the Configure button to configure the communications parameters. Set the baud rate to

9600 (or other desired baud rate), data bits to 8, parity to none, stop bits to 1, and flow control to none. Click OK to accept the parameters.

Modems autobaud to the settings of the DTE when in command mode. This means that any port settings will work to configure the modem and dial it. However, when the modem is in data mode (connected to another modem), the modem may not respond to the escape sequence unless it is sent at the same baud rate at which the modem is communicating.

4.

In HyperTerminal, test the connection to the modem by typing AT and pressing E

NTER

. The modem should respond with “OK”. To dial the modem, type ATDT# (where # is the phone number of the remote modem) and wait for the connection response (ex. CONNECT 9600).

5.

Set up the PLC programmer to communicate at the desired port settings, but assume a standard serial port connection, not a modem connection, using the desired port setup parameters. The port setup in the CCU will not have an associated modem, but will have a modem turnaround time.

GFK-1411C Appendix D Setting Up a Modem D-7

D

D-8

6

.

To hang up, first disconnect the PLC programmer connection (this will free up the comm port for use with HyperTerminal). Then connect to the modem with HyperTerminal. While connected, wait at least 1 second, then type three plus signs (+++). One second later, the modem should respond with an “OK”. Next, enter ATH, the hang-up command. The modem should respond “OK” again.

Remember that the HyperTerminal connection must be set to the same baud rate that the modem is currently communicating at. If not, the escape sequence may not be recognized.

Other Issues

Because of the dynamic nature of the computer/communications industry and limited resources for testing modems, a situation may arise where a recommended modem can not be found. If this is the situation, there are a few steps that can be taken to see if an alternate modem will work in your system.

Chipset

The first thing to look at is the chipset that the modem uses. This can be obtained from the modem manufacturer, their web site, or occasionally through the computer manufacturer. The chipset dictates the AT commands used to configure the modem. The AT command reference will be available from the chipset manufacturer (typically Rockwell, Lucent, USRobotics, Hayes -- R.I.P.)

Break

Applies to the following CPU models: 350 and higher, before revision 9.00

341, 331, 323, 313, and 311 before revision 8.20

For those CPUs that require the break to be passed, the modem needs to send the break intact without affecting the data being sent. This mode is sometimes called non-destructive, expedited.

A destructive break will clear all data in the buffers of the modem. Typical parameters to look for are the ‘S82’ register (for most chipsets) and the ‘&Y’ command (for USR).

Flow Control, Data Compression, and Error Correction

These should be disabled. Flow control must be disabled because SNP uses the CTS signal for cable detection, not flow control. Data compression and error correction must be disabled because they cannot be used without flow control. Error correction modifies the character timing, but with a large enough modem buffer, may be able to be used without flow control.

Other Considerations

PCMCIA modems sometimes operate differently than external modems. One major difference is that some PCMCIA drivers will remove power from the modem card when the port is deactivated. This means that dialing with HyperTerminal will not work. You must use the modem connect procedure within the programming software in order to keep the com port handle active.

The baud rate is a critical setting for reliable communications. 19200 baud is the current maximum rate for GE Fanuc PLCs , but the distance between modems and line quality will

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users – May 2000 GFK-1411C

D

dictate what baud rate is acceptable. SNP does not use hardware flow control and all data quality features of the modems must be disabled. Therefore we are relying on an 8-bit checksum to catch transmission errors, meaning 1 out of every 256 errors will be detected.

Running the modem over low-quality analog phone lines with high data rates will increase the chances of transmission errors. It is a good idea to find the optimum baud rate by experimenting with the actual line quality and connection rate before fully implementing a system.

Forcing the modems to a single baud rate is desirable. Because the PLC serial port can only be configured to one rate, forcing the PLC modem to its baud rate ensures that the modems will not choose a different negotiating speed.

Most modems will not pass parity, and specifically state that they will not pass parity settings.

The modem turnaround time in the PLC and programmer delays the time from when the device receives transmission to when it responds. You need to have a value of 1 (10ms) or greater in the PLC and programmer.

GFK-1411C Appendix D Setting Up a Modem D-9

GFK-1411C

Index

3

35x and 36x series CPUs: key switch, 2-13

A

ADD_IOM, 2-24

ADD_SIO, 2-24

Addition of I/O module, 3-18

Alarm, 3-2

Alarm error codes, B-5

Alarm processor, 3-2

ANY_FLT, 2-25

APL_FLT, 2-24

Appendices

A - Instruction timing, A-1

B - Interpreting fault tables, B-1

C - Using floating-point numbers, C-1

D - Setting up a modem, D-1

Application fault, 3-12

Application program logic scan, 2-8

B

BAD_PWD, 2-24

BAD_RAM, 2-24

Battery signal, low, 3-11

BCD Format

for SER function block trigger timestamp, A-11

BCD-4, 2-21

BIT, 2-21

Block locking feature, 2-35

EDITLOCK, 2-35 permanently locking a subroutine, 2-35

VIEWLOCK, 2-35

Boolean execution times, A-12

BYTE, 2-21

C

CCU

setting up, D-4

CFG_MM, 2-24

Checksum calculation, 2-8

Checksum failure, program block, 3-11

Clocks, 2-32 elapsed time clock, 2-32 time-of-day clock, 2-32

COMMREQ

error code, description, and correction, 3-11

Communication request function

error code, description, and correction, 3-11

Communication window modes, 2-13

Communications failure during store, 3-16

Communications with the PLC, 2-11

Configuration mismatch, system, 3-10

Connecting to the PLC, D-6

Constant sweep time exceeded, 3-12

Constant sweep time mode, 2-12, 2-33

Constant sweep timer, 2-33

Corrupted memory, 3-8

Corrupted user program on power-up, 3-13

CPU sweep, 2-2

D

Data retentiveness, 2-20

Data types, 2-21

BCD-4, 2-21

BIT, 2-21

BYTE, 2-21

DINT, 2-21

INT, 2-21

REAL, 2-21

WORD, 2-21

Defaults conditions for Model 30 output

modules, 2-39

Diagnostic data, 2-40

Diagnostic faults, 3-4

addition of I/O module, 3-18

application fault, 3-12 constant sweep time exceeded, 3-12

loss of I/O module, 3-17

loss of, or missing, option module, 3-9

low battery signal, 3-11

reset of, addition of, or extra, option module, 3-9

DINT, 2-21

Discrete references, 2-19 discrete inputs, 2-19 discrete internal, 2-19 discrete outputs, 2-19 discrete temporary, 2-19

global data, 2-20

system references, 3-5

system status, 2-20, 2-22

Double precision signed integer, 2-21

DSM communications with the PLC, 2-11

DSM314

I/O scan time contributions, 2-5

local logic programs, 2-40

DSM314 and DSM302 communications with

PLC, 2-11

E

EDITLOCK, 2-35

Elapsed time clock, 2-32

Error codes, B-5

Ethernet Global Data, 2-40

External I/O failures, 3-2

Index-1

Index

Index-2

F

Fatal faults, 3-4

communications failure during store, 3-16

corrupted user program on power-up, 3-13

option module software failure, 3-11

PLC CPU system software failure, 3-14

program block checksum failure, 3-11

system configuration mismatch, 3-10

Fault action, 3-4, 3-9

diagnostic faults, 3-4 fatal faults, 3-4

I/O fault action, B-10

informational faults, 3-4

PLC fault action, B-4

Fault category, 3-17

Fault description, 3-17

Fault effects, additional, 3-5

Fault explanation and correction

I/O fault group, B-10

interpreting a fault, B-1

PLC fault group, B-3

Fault explanations and correction, 3-1

accessing additional fault information, 3-7

addition of I/O module, 3-18

application fault, 3-12

communications failure during store, 3-16

constant sweep time exceeded, 3-12

corrupted user program on power-up, 3-13

fault category, 3-17 fault description, 3-17

fault handling, 3-2

fault type, 3-17

I/O fault table, 3-6

I/O fault table explanations, 3-17 loss of I/O module, 3-17

loss of, or missing, option module, 3-9

low battery signal, 3-11

no user program present, 3-12

non-configurable faults, 3-9

option module software failure, 3-11

password access failure, 3-13

PLC CPU system software failure, 3-14

PLC fault table, 3-6

PLC fault table explanations, 3-8

program block checksum failure, 3-11

reset of, addition of, or extra, option module, 3-9

system configuration mismatch, 3-10

Fault group, B-3, B-10

Fault handling, 3-2 alarm processor, 3-2

fault action, 3-4

Fault references, 3-5 definitions of, 3-5

Fault type, 3-17

Faults, 3-2

accessing additional fault information, 3-7

actions, 3-9

addition of I/O module, 3-18

additional fault effects, 3-5

application fault, 3-12

classes of faults, 3-2

communications failure during store, 3-16

constant sweep time exceeded, 3-12

corrupted user program on power-up, 3-13

error codes, B-5

explanations and correction, 3-1

external I/O failures, 3-2

fault action, 3-4

I/O fault action, B-10

I/O fault group, B-10

I/O fault table, 3-3, 3-6

I/O fault table explanations, 3-17

internal failures, 3-2

interpreting a fault, B-1

loss of I/O module, 3-17

loss of, or missing, option module, 3-9

low battery signal, 3-11

no user program present, 3-12

operational failures, 3-2

option module software failure, 3-11

password access failure, 3-13

PLC CPU system software failure, 3-14

PLC fault action, B-4

PLC fault group, B-3

PLC fault table, 3-3, 3-6

PLC fault table explanations, 3-8

program block checksum failure, 3-11

references, 3-5

reset of, addition of, or extra, option module, 3-9

system configuration mismatch, 3-10

system reaction to faults, 3-3

Faults, interpreting, B-1

Flash protection on 35x and 36x series CPUs,

2-13

Floating-point numbers, C-1

entering and displaying floating-point numbers,

C-5

errors in floating-point numbers and operations,

C-6

internal format of floating-point numbers, C-3

values of floating-point numbers, C-4

Function block parameters, 2-27

Function block structure, 2-25

format of program function blocks, 2-26

format of relays, 2-25

function block parameters, 2-27

power flow, 2-28

G

Genius Global Data, 2-40

Global data, 2-40

Global data references, 2-20

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users –May 2000 GFK-1411C

GFK-1411C

Index

H

Housekeeping, 2-7

HRD_CPU, 2-24

HRD_FLT, 2-25

HRD_SIO, 2-24

HyperTerminal, D-7

I

I/O data formats, 2-39

I/O fault table, 3-3, 3-6, B-8

explanations, 3-17

fault action, B-10

fault actions for specific faults, B-11

fault address, B-9

fault group, B-10

fault specific data, B-11 fault time stamp, B-11

interpreting a fault, B-1

long/short indicator, B-9

point, B-10 rack, B-10

reference address, B-9

slot, B-10

symbolic fault specific data, B-11

I/O structure, Series 90-30 PLC, 2-36

I/O system , Series 90-30 PLC, 2-36

I/O system, Series 90-20 PLC, 2-36

I/O system, Series 90-30 PLC default conditions for Model 30 output modules,

2-39

diagnostic data, 2-40 global data, 2-40

I/O data formats, 2-39

model 30 I/O modules, 2-37

Informational faults, 3-4

no user program present, 3-12

password access failure, 3-13

Input references, discrete, 2-19

Input register references, analog, 2-19

Input scan, 2-7

Instruction timing, A-1

high performance models, A-6

SER, A-10

standard models, A-2

INT, 2-21

Internal failures, 3-2

Internal references, discrete, 2-19

Interpreting fault tables, B-1

IO_FLT, 2-25

IO_PRES, 2-25

K

Key switch on 35x and 36x series CPUs, 2-13

L

Levels, privilege, 2-34 change requests, 2-34

Local logic programs, 2-40

Locking/unlocking subroutines, 2-35

Logic program checksum calculation, 2-8

Logic solution, 2-8

LOS_IOM, 2-24

LOS_SIO, 2-24

Loss of I/O module, 3-17

Loss of, or missing, option module, 3-9

Low battery signal, 3-11

LOW_BAT, 2-24

M

Maintenance, 3-1

Manuals

for I/O modules, 2-37

Memory, corrupted, 3-8

Model 30 I/O modules, 2-37

Modems

configuration and cabling, D-1

connecting to the PLC, D-6

installing in Windows, D-3

PLC CPU configuration, D-2

using HyperTerminal to establish connection,

D-7

N

No user program present, 3-12

O

Operation of system, 2-1

Operational failures, 3-2

Option module software failure, 3-11

Output references, discrete, 2-19

Output register references, analog, 2-19

Output scan, 2-8

OV_SWP, 2-24

Overrides, 2-20

P

Password access failure, 3-13

Passwords, 2-34

PB_SUM, 2-24

PCM communications with the PLC, 2-11

Periodic subroutines, 2-18

PLC CPU configuration

for modem communications, D-2

Index Index-3

Index

Index-4

PLC CPU system software failure, 3-14

PLC fault table, 3-3, 3-6, B-2

error codes, B-5

explanations, 3-8

fault action, B-4

fault group, B-3

fault time stamp, B-7

interpreting a fault, B-1

long/short indicator, B-2

rack, B-3 slot, B-3 spare, B-3 task, B-3

PLC sweep, 2-2

application program logic scan, 2-8

configured constant sweep time mode, 2-12

constant sweep time mode, 2-12, 2-33

DSM communications with the PLC, 2-11

housekeeping, 2-7 input scan, 2-7

logic program checksum calculation, 2-8 logic solution, 2-8 output scan, 2-8

PCM communications with the PLC, 2-11

programmer communications window, 2-9

scan time contributions for 35x and 36x series,

2-5, 2-6

standard program sweep mode, 2-2

standard program sweep variations, 2-12

STOP mode, 2-12

sweep time calculation, 2-7

sweep time contribution, 2-4

PLC system operation, 2-1

POSIX Format

for SER function block trigger timestamp, A-11

Power flow, 2-28

Power-down, 2-31

Power-up, 2-29

Power-up and power-down sequences, 2-29

power-down, 2-31

power-up, 2-29

Privilege level change requests, 2-34

Privilege levels, 2-34 change requests, 2-34

Program block

how blocks are called, 2-17 how C blocks are called, 2-17 how subroutines are called, 2-17 nested calls, 2-17

Program block checksum failure, 3-11

Program organization and user data

floating-point numbers, C-1

Program organization and user references/data,

2-15

data types, 2-21

function block structure, 2-25

retentiveness of data, 2-20

system status, 2-22

transitions and overrides, 2-20

user references, 2-19

Program structure

how blocks are called, 2-17 how C blocks are called, 2-17 how subroutines are called, 2-17

Program sweep, standard, 2-2

Programmer communications window, 2-9

Programs, local logic, 2-40

R

REAL

Data type structure, 2-21

Using floating-point numbers, C-1

Using Real numbers, C-1

Reboot after fatal fault, 3-4

references, 2-19

Register Reference

system registers, 2-19

Register references, 2-19 analog inputs, 2-19 analog outputs, 2-19

Reset of, addition of, or extra, option module,

3-9

Retentiveness of data, 2-20

S

Scan time contributions for 35x and 36x series

CPUs, 2-5, 2-6

Scan, input, 2-7

Scan, output, 2-8

Security, system, 2-34

locking/unlocking subroutines, 2-35

passwords, 2-34 privilege level change requests, 2-34 privilege levels, 2-34

Series 90-20 PLC I/O system, 2-36

Series 90-30 PLC I/O system, 2-36

default conditions for Model 30 output modules,

2-39

diagnostic data, 2-40 global data, 2-40

I/O data formats, 2-39

I/O structure, 2-36

model 30 I/O modules, 2-37

Setting up a modem, D-1

SFT_CPU, 2-24

SFT_FLT, 2-25

SFT_SIO, 2-24

Signed integer, 2-21

SNPX_RD, 2-22

SNPX_WT, 2-22

SNPXACT, 2-22

Software failure, option module, 3-11

Standard program sweep mode, 2-2

Series 90™-30 System Manual for Windows® Users –May 2000 GFK-1411C

GFK-1411C

Index

Standard program sweep variations, 2-12

Status references, system, 2-20, 2-22

STOP mode, 2-12

STOR_ER, 2-24

Subroutine blocks

examples of, 2-16

nested calls, 2-17

Subroutines, locking/unlocking, 2-35

Sweep time calculation, 2-7

Sweep, PLC, 2-2

application program logic scan, 2-8

constant sweep time mode, 2-12, 2-33

DSM communications with the PLC, 2-11

housekeeping, 2-7 input scan, 2-7

logic program checksum calculation, 2-8 logic solution, 2-8 output scan, 2-8

PCM communications with the PLC, 2-11

programmer communications window, 2-9

scan time contributions for 35x and 36x series

CPUs, 2-5, 2-6

standard program sweep mode, 2-2

standard program sweep variations, 2-12

STOP mode, 2-12

sweep time calculation, 2-7

sweep time contribution, 2-4

SY_FLT, 2-25

SY_PRES, 2-25

System configuration mismatch, 3-10

System operation, 2-1

clocks and timers, 2-32

PLC sweep summary, 2-2

power-up and power-down sequences, 2-29

program organization and user references/data,

2-15

Series 90-20 PLC I/O system, 2-36

Series 90-30 PLC I/O system, 2-36

system security, 2-34

System references, 3-5

System register references, 2-19

System status references, 2-20, 2-22

ADD_IOM, 2-24

ADD_SIO, 2-24

ANY_FLT, 2-25

APL_FLT, 2-24

BAD_PWD, 2-24

BAD_RAM, 2-24

CFG_MM, 2-24

HRD_CPU, 2-24

HRD_FLT, 2-25

HRD_SIO, 2-24

IO_FLT, 2-25

IO_PRES, 2-25

LOS_IOM, 2-24

LOS_SIO, 2-24

LOW_BAT, 2-24

OV_SWP, 2-24

PB_SUM, 2-24

SFT_CPU, 2-24

SFT_FLT, 2-25

SFT_SIO, 2-24

SNPX_RD, 2-22

SNPX_WT, 2-22

SNPXACT, 2-22

STOR_ER, 2-24

SY_FLT, 2-25

SY_PRES, 2-25

T

Temporary references, discrete, 2-19

Time-of-day clock, 2-32

Timers, 2-32

constant sweep timer, 2-33 time-tick contacts, 2-33

Watchdog timer, 2-33

Time-tick contacts, 2-33

Timing, instruction, A-1

high performance models, A-6

SER, A-10

standard models, A-2

Transitions, 2-20

Troubleshooting, 3-1

accessing additional fault information, 3-7

I/O fault table, 3-6

I/O fault table explanations, 3-17

interpreting a fault, B-1

non-configurable faults, 3-9

PLC fault table, 3-6

PLC fault table explanations, 3-8

U

User references, 2-19 analog inputs, 2-19 analog outputs, 2-19 discrete inputs, 2-19 discrete internal, 2-19 discrete outputs, 2-19 discrete references, 2-19 discrete temporary, 2-19

global data, 2-20

register references, 2-19

system references, 3-5

system registers, 2-19

system status, 2-20, 2-22

V

VIEWLOCK, 2-35

W

Watchdog timer, 2-33

Window

programmer communications window, 2-9

WORD, 2-21

Index Index-5

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