ROBO-8210VG2AR
Single Board Computer
User's Manual
Version 1.1
Copyright © Portwell, Inc., 2011. All rights reserved.
All other brand names are registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Preface
Table of Contents
How to Use This Manual
Chapter 1 System Overview.......................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Check List........................................................................................................... 1-2
1.3 Product Specification........................................................................................ 1-3
1.3.1 Mechanical Drawing................................................................................ 1-6
1.4 System Architecture.......................................................................................... 1-8
Chapter 2 Hardware Configuration ...........................................................................................2-1
2.1 Jumper Setting ................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Connector Allocation........................................................................................ 2-2
Chapter 3 System Installation....................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Intel® i7/i5/P4500 PGA .................................................................................. 3-1
3.2 Main Memory .................................................................................................... 3-1
3.3 Installing the Single Board Computer............................................................ 3-2
3.3.1 Chipset Component Driver .................................................................... 3-2
3.3.2 Intel® Integrated HD Graphics Controller........................................... 3-2
3.3.3 Intel Gigabit Ethernet Controller ........................................................... 3-3
3.3.4 Audio Controller ...................................................................................... 3-3
3.4 Clear CMOS Operation .................................................................................... 3-3
3.5 WDT Function ................................................................................................... 3-3
3.6 GPIO.................................................................................................................. 3-10
3.6.1 Pin assignment ....................................................................................... 3-10
3.6.2 ROBO-8210VG2AR GPIO Programming Guide ............................... 3-10
3.6.3 Example ................................................................................................... 3-11
Chapter 4 BIOS Setup Information............................................................................................4-1
4.1 Entering Setup -- Launch System Setup ........................................................ 4-1
4.2 Main .................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 Advanced ........................................................................................................... 4-3
4.4 Chipset.............................................................................................................. 4-28
4.5 Boot ................................................................................................................... 4-35
4.6 Security ............................................................................................................. 4-38
4.7 Save & Exit ....................................................................................................... 4-39
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................5-1
5.1 Hardware Quick Installation........................................................................... 5-1
5.2 BIOS Setting ....................................................................................................... 5-2
5.3 FAQ ..................................................................................................................... 5-4
Appendix A
Appendix B
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
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Preface
How to Use This Manual
The manual describes how to configure your ROBO-8210VG2AR system to meet
various operating requirements. It is divided into five chapters, with each chapter
addressing a basic concept and operation of Single Board Computer.
Chapter 1 : System Overview. Presents what you have in the box and give you an
overview of the product specifications and basic system architecture for this model of
single board computer.
Chapter 2 : Hardware Configuration. Shows the definitions and locations of Jumpers
and Connectors that you can easily configure your system.
Chapter 3 : System Installation. Describes how to properly mount the CPU, main
memory and M-systems flash disk to get a safe installation and provides a
programming guide of Watch Dog Timer function.
Chapter 4 : BIOS Setup Information. Specifies the meaning of each setup
parameters, how to get advanced BIOS performance and update new BIOS. In
addition, POST checkpoint list will give users some guidelines of trouble-shooting.
Chapter 5 : Troubleshooting. Provides you a few useful tips to quickly get your
ROBO-8710VLA running with no failure. As basic hardware installation has been
addressed in Chapter 3, this chapter will basically focus on system integration issues,
in terms of backplane setup, BIOS setting, and OS diagnostics.
The content of this manual and EC declaration document is subject to change without
prior notice. These changes will be incorporated in new editions of the document.
Portwell may make supplement or change in the products described in this
document at any time.
Updates to this manual, technical clarification, and answers to frequently asked
questions will be shown on the following web site : http://www.portwell.com/.
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System Overview
Chapter 1
System Overview
1.1
Introduction
ROBO-8210VG2AR, the PICMG 1.3 SHB (Single Host Board) combined with either
the Intel® Core i7-620M/i5-520M/P4500 processor. The attractive Core i processor
does not only posses amazing parallel computing power but also generates only 35W
TDP (Thermal Design Power). That makes the system more powerful and reliable
with smaller and quieter cooling fan.
The SHB adopted Intel® QM57 chipset. The QM57 embedded Graphics Media
Accelerator HD is the latest generation Intel integrated graphics controller that can
supports 3D multimedia capabilities including Microsoft DirectX 10, Shader Model
4.0, MPEG-2 and OpenGL 2.1. More than that, user could utilize even higher-end, the
latest PCI Express x16 interface graphics card via backplane. Based on the
low-power/high-performance Nehalem micro-architecture, the processor is designed
for a two-chip platform, as opposed to the traditional three chip platforms (processor,
GMCH, and ICH).
ROBO-8210VG2AR built with dual Intel® Gigabit Ethernet. Two DDR3 DIMM
sockets support system memory up to 8GB. Six SATA 300 ports (dual ports via
backplane) support RAID 0, 1, 5, 10.
To meet bandwidth of storage and expansion cards requirement, the
ROBO-8210VG2AR was designed flexible with five PCI Express lanes via backplane.
Those PCI Express lanes could be one PCI Express x16(or two PCI Express x8 links)
from CPU and four PCI Express x1 links(or one PCI Express x4 link) from PCH. Four
PCI Express x1 links configuration can support more PCI Express x1 devices via
backplane and one PCI Express x4 link configuration can support RAID card or
special add-on cards such as image processing board. In addition, the flexible
configuration can be leveraged with bridge on backplane to support more PCI or
PCI-X slots that benefits industries with legacy support.
Advanced Management Technology (AMT) 6.0 is feature that ROBO-8210VG2AR
equipped. This technology provides remote access capability via Intel® Gigabit
Ethernet controller. The new technology is a hardware-based solution that uses
out-of-band communication for system management access to client systems. Beside
that, the hardware and software information can be gathering by 3rd party software
then storage in SPI interface EEPROM. Therefore, asset management could be done
at the same time. ROBO-8210VG2AR also supports iTPM (Intel Trusted Platform
Module) function for applications.
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System Overview
ROBO-8210VG2AR features:
z Support Intel i7-620M/i5-520M/P4500 processors in rPGA988 package
z Delivers up to 8GB maximum DDR3 1066/800 on two DIMM sockets
z Support dual display by DVI-I port on bracket
z Support iAMT 6.0 and external TPM via TPM module
z High speed dual Gigabit Ethernet based on PCI Express x1, high bandwidth I/O
interface
z Rich I/O connections such as FDD, two Gigabit Ethernet, serial ports, parallel
port, USB 2.0
z Four on-board SATA ports support RAID 0,1,5,10
The PICMG 1.3 SHB is the best solution of applications such like flight simulation,
image processing, broadcasting and so on that need performance of display and
storage.
1.2
Check List
The ROBO-8210VG2AR package should cover the following basic items:
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
One ROBO-8210VG2AR single host board
One dual Serial ports cable kit
One single Parallel port cable kit
One FDD cable
Two 7-pin SATA signal cables
One DVI-I cable
One Installation Resources CD-Title
Optional: One bracket with PS/2 keyboard and mouse
If any of these items is damaged or missing, please contact your vendor and keep all
packing materials for future replacement and maintenance.
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System Overview
1.3
Product Specification
z Main processor
- Intel® Core i7-620M/i5-520M/P4500 Processor
z BIOS
AMI system BIOS with SPI Serial CMOS EEPROM with easy upgrade function ACPI,
DMI, Green function and Plug and Play Compatible
z Main Memory
- Support dual-channel DDR3 memory interface
- Non-ECC, non-buffered DIMMs only
- Two DIMM sockets support 1066/800 DDR3-SDRAM up to 8GB System Memory
z L2 Cache Memory
Built-in Processor
z Chipset
Intel® QM57 chipset
z Bus Interface
- Follow PICMG 1.3 Rev 1.0 standard (PCI Express and PCI)
- Support four PCI Express x1 (can be aggregated as one PCI Express x4) through
backplane
- Support one PCI Express x16(can be separated as two PCI Express x8) through
backplane
- Support four PCI devices through backplane
z SATA
- Four SATA 300 ports on-board and dual SATA 300 ports via backplane
- Support Intel® Matrix Storage Technology based on Intel® QM57
z Floppy Drive Interface
Support one FDD port up to two floppy drives and 5-1/4"(360K, 1.2MB), 3-1/2"
(720K, 1.2MB, 1.44MB, 2.88MB) diskette format and 3-mode FDD
z Serial Ports
Support two high-speed 16C550 compatible UARTs with 16-byte T/R FIFOs
z Parallel Port
Support one parallel port with SPP, EPP and ECP modes
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System Overview
z USB Interface
Support twelve USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports (two USB ports on bracket that
dedicated to keyboard & mouse; six USB ports on-board and four USB ports via
backplane) for high-speed I/O peripheral devices
z PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Interface
Support one 10-pin header for external PS/2 keyboard/mouse connection
z Auxiliary I/O Interfaces
System reset switch, external speaker, Keyboard lock and HDD active LED, etc
z Real Time Clock/Calendar (RTC)
Support Y2K Real Time Clock/Calendar with battery backup for 7-year data
retention
z Watchdog Timer
- Support WDT function through software programming for enable/disable and
interval setting
- Generate system reset
z On-board VGA
GMCH integrated graphics, 400MHz core frequency; share system memory up to
1GB for system with greater than or equal to 192MB of system memory
z On-board Ethernet LAN
Dual Intel® PCI Express x1 interface based Gigabit Ethernet to support RJ-45
connector
z High Driving GPIO
Support 8 programmable high driving GPIO
z Cooling Fans
Support one 4-pin power connector for CPU fan and one 3-pin power connector for
system fan
z System Monitoring Feature
Monitor CPU temperature, system temperature and major power sources, etc.
z Bracket
Support dual Ethernet port with 2 indicators, dual USB ports and one DVI port
z Outline Dimension (L X W):
338.5mm (13.33”) X 126.39mm (4.98”)
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System Overview
z Power Requirements:
- +12V (CPU)@ 1.37A
- +12V (System)@ 0.31A
- +5V @ 3.58A
- Test Programs: BurnIn Test V5.3
- Run Time: Full loading
z - Test configuration:
System Configuration
CPU Type
Intel® Core™ i7 CPU M620 @2.67GHz L3:4MB Bus Speed:133
SBC BIOS
Portwell ,Inc. ROBO-8210VG2AR BIOS Rev.: R1.00.E0 (07142010)
Memory
DDR3 1066 1GB (ELPIDA J1108BABG-DJ-E)
VGA Card
Onboard Intel® QM57
VGA Driver
Intel® Graphics Media Accelerator HD Version 6.14.10.5189
LAN Card #1
Onboard Intel® 82577LM Gigabit Network Connection
LAN Driver
Intel® 82577LM Gigabit Network Connection Version 11.5.10.0
LAN Card #2
Onboard Intel® 82583V Gigabit Network Connection
LAN Driver
Intel® 82583V Gigabit Network Connection Version 11.4.7.0
Audio Card
Onboard Realtek ALC662 Audio
Audio Driver
Realtek High Definition Audio Version 5.10.0.5043
Chip Driver
Intel® Chipset Device Software Version 9.1.1.1025
SATA HDD
Seagate ST3808110AS 80GB
CDROM
LITE-ON LH-20A1S DVD-ROM
Power Supply
Sunpower SPX-6500P1 500W
Back plane
PBPE-13A8 Z201
z
Operating Temperature:
0°C ~ 60°C (23°F ~ 140°F)
z Storage Temperature:
-20°C ~ 80°C
z Relative Humidity:
5% ~ 90%, non-condensing
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System Overview
1.3.1
Mechanical Drawing
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
1-6
System Overview
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
1-7
System Overview
1.4
System Architecture
All of details operating relations are shown in ROBO-8210VG2AR series System
Block Diagram
ROBO-8210VG2AR System Block Diagram
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1-8
Hardware Configuration
Chapter 2
Hardware Configuration
This chapter indicates jumpers’, headers’ and connectors’ locations. Users may find
useful information related to hardware settings in this chapter. The default settings
are indicated with a star sign (Ì).
2.1
Jumper Setting
In the following sections, Short means covering a jumper cap over jumper pins; Open
or N/C (Not Connected) means removing a jumper cap from jumper pins. Users can
refer to Figure 2-1 for the Jumper locations.
Figure 2-1 ROBO-8210VG2AR Jumper and Connector Locations
The jumper settings are schematically depicted in this manual as follows:
JP1: COM2 RS232, 422, 485 Selection
JP1
5-6,9-11,10-12,15-17,16-18 Short
3-4,7-9,8-10,13-15,14-16,21-22 Short
1-2,7-9,8-10,19-20 Short
Function
RS-232 RS-422
RS-485
JP3: CMOS Clear Header
JP3
1-2 Open
1-2 Short
Function
Normal Operation Clear CMOS Contents
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
2-1
Hardware Configuration
JP5: PCI_VIO_Selection
JP5
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Function
VCC3 VCC
JP7: PCI_Express X16 X8_Selection
JP7
1-2 Open
1-2 Short
Function
1 x16 PEG 2 x8 PEG
J35: Auto Power On_Selection
J35
1-2 Open
1-2 Short
2.2
Function
Normal Auto Power On
Connector Allocation
I/O peripheral devices are connected to the interface connectors.
Connector Function List
Connector
Function
JP6
LPC Debug Pin header
J1
COM2 Pin Header
J2
COM1 Pin Header
J3
Parallel Port Pin Header
J4
DDR3 CHB Slot
J5
FDC Interface Pin Header
J6
8-bit GPIO Pin Header
J7
PS2 KB/MS Pin Header
J8
IR Pin Header
J9
HDD LED Pin Header
J10
SUS LED Pin Header
J11
TPM Pin Header
J12
Buzzer Pin Header
J13
DDR3 CHA Slot
J14
Audio MIC/Line-in/Line-out Pin Header
J15
LAN LED Pin Header
J16,J17,J18
USBx2 Pin Header
J20,J24
Rear USB Connector
J21,J22,J25,J26 SATA CONNECTOR
J23
ATX 4P CONNECTOR
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
Remark
2-2
Hardware Configuration
J27, J29
J28
J30
J31
J33
J34
J36
LAN CONNECTOR
Mini-PCI Express socket
Second SPI Pin Header
SM_BUS Pin Header
DVI-I Connector
CPU FAN Pin Header
SYS FAN Pin Header
Pin Assignments of Connectors
JP6: LPC Debug Pin header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
LAD0
LAD1
LAD2
LAD3
KEY
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
VCC3
PLT_RST#
LFRAME#
CLOCK
GND
PIN No.
Signal Description
RS-232 RS-422 RS-485
J1 : COM2 232/422/485 Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
RS-232 RS-422 RS-485
DCD#
RXD#
TXD#
DTR#
GND
TXRX+
GND
N/C
N/C
DATAN/C
GND
N/C
N/C
2
4
6
8
10
DSR#
RTS#
CTS#
RI#
NC
TX+
RXN/C
N/C
N/C
DATA+
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
J2: COM1 Port Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
DCD#
RXD#
TXD#
DTR#
GND
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
DSR#
RTS#
CTS#
RI#
NC
2-3
Hardware Configuration
J3: Parallel Port Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
Signal Description
Strobe#
Data 0
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
Data 4
Data 5
Data 6
Data 7
Acknowledge#
Busy
Paper Empty
Printer Select
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
Signal Description
Auto Form Feed#
Error#
Initialization#
Printer Select IN#
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
N/C
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
Signal Description
Density Select 0
NC
NC
Index#
Motor ENA#
NC
Drive Select A#
NC
Direction#
Step#
Write Data#
Write Gate#
Track 0#
Write Protect#
Read Data#
Head Select#
Disk Change#
J5: FDC Interface Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
Signal Description
Ground
Ground
KEY
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
NC
Ground
NC
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
2-4
Hardware Configuration
J6: 8-bit GPIO
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
GPIO11
GPIO12
GPIO30
GPIO31
GND
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
GPIO32
GPIO33
GPIO36
GPIO37
VCC
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
Keyboard Data
KEY
GND
PS2 Power
Keyboard Clock
J7: PS2 KB/MS Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
Mouse Data
KEY
GND
PS2 Power
Mouse Clock
J8: IR Pin Header
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal Description
VCC
NC
IRRX
GND
IRTX
NC
J9: HDD LED Pin Header
Pin No.
1
2
Signal Description
VCC(pull up 330 ohm)
HD_LED#
J10: SUS LED Pin Header
Pin No.
1
2
Signal Description
5VSB(pull up 330 ohm)
SUS_LED#
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
2-5
Hardware Configuration
J11: TPM Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
Signal Description
Clock
LFRAME#
PLT_RST#
LAD3
VCC3
LAD0
SMB_CLK
3V_DUAL
GND
NC
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Signal Description
GND
NC
VCC
LAD2
LAD1
GND
SMB_DATA
SERIRQ
NC
NC
J12: Buzzer Pin Header
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
Signal Description
VCC
NC
NC
BUZZER
J14: Audio MIC/Line-in/Line-out Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
MIC with Reference Voltage
Line-in Left Channel
Line-in Right Channel
Line-out Left Channel
Line-out Right Channel
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
Analog GND
Analog GND
Analog GND
Analog GND
KEY
J15: Buzzer Pin Header
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
Signal Description
+V3.3M(pull up 330 ohm)
82577LM_Active#
82583V_Active#
3V_DUAL(pull up 330 ohm)
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2-6
Hardware Configuration
J16 & J17 & J18: USBx2 Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
5V_DUAL
DATA DATA +
GND
KEY
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
5V_DUAL
DATA DATA +
GND
GND
J30: Second SPI Pin Header
PIN No.
1
3
5
Signal Description
SPI_CS#1
SPI_SO
GND
PIN No.
Signal Description
2
+V3.3M
4
SPI_CLK
6
SPI_SI
J31: SM_BUS Pin Header
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
Signal Description
SMB_CLK
NC
GND
SMB_DATA
VCC
J34: CPU Fan Pin Header
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
Signal Description
GND
+12V
PWM_CONTROL
SENSE
J36: SYS FAN Pin Header
Pin No.
1
2
3
Signal Description
PWM_CONTROL
+12V
SENSE
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System Installation
Chapter 3
System Installation
This chapter provides you with instructions to set up your system. The additional
information is enclosed to help you set up onboard PCI device and handle Watch Dog
Timer (WDT) and operation of GPIO in software programming.
3.1
Intel® i7/i5/P4500 PGA
ROBO-8210VG2AR has equipped the most advanced Intel® Core i7/i5/i3 series
CPUs which has built-in Intel® HD Graphics Controller providing a total solution of
multi-purpose operation.
Further more, the leading-edge Intel® Core™ processor delivers unmatched
technology for intelligent performance on the most demanding tasks, such as creating
digital video and playing intense games. With building into ROBO-8210VG2AR
module, it can be applied in many different uses depending on the function of carrier
board.
CPU
Support List
3.2
Intel® Core i7-620M
Intel® Core i5-520M
Intel® P4500
Main Memory
ROBO-8210VG2AR provide 2 x 240pin Long-DIMM sockets which supports
800/1066 DDR3-SDRAM as main memory Non-ECC, non-register type of functions.
The maximum memory can be up to 8GB. Memory clock and related settings can be
detected by BIOS via SPD interface.
For system compatibility and stability, do not use memory module without brand.
Memory configuration can be set to either one double-sided DIMM in one DIMM
socket or two single-sided DIMM in both sockets.
Beware of the connection and lock integrity from memory module to socket. Inserting
improperly it will affect the system reliability.
Before locking, make sure that all modules have been fully inserted into the card
slots.
Memory Frequency
800
1066
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
Single Channel DDR
Bandwidth
12.8 GB/s
17 GB/s
3-1
System Installation
Note:
To insure the system stability, please do not change any of DRAM parameters in BIOS
setup to modify system the performance without acquired technical information.
3.3
Installing the Single Board Computer
To install your ROBO-8210VG2AR into standard chassis or proprietary environment,
please perform the following:
Step 1 : Check all jumpers setting on proper position
Step 2 : Install and configure CPU and memory module on right position
Step 3 : Place ROBO-8210VG2AR into the dedicated position in the system
Step 4 : Attach cables to existing peripheral devices and secure it
WARNING
Please ensure that SBC is properly inserted and fixed by mechanism.
Note:
Please refer to section 3.3.1 to 3.3.4 to install INF/VGA/LAN/Audio drivers.
3.3.1
Chipset Component Driver
ROBO-8210VG2AR uses state-of-art Intel® QM57 chipset. It’s a new chipset that
some old operating systems might not be able to recognize. To overcome this
compatibility issue, for Windows Operating Systems such as Windows
XP/Vista/Win7, please install its INF before any of other Drivers are installed. You
can find very easily this chipset component driver in ROBO-8210VG2AR CD-title.
3.3.2
Intel® Integrated HD Graphics Controller
Unlike the other structure, ROOB-8210 has integrated HD Graphics derived from
Intel® Core series CPU (i5/i7). It’s the most advanced design to gain an outstanding
graphic performance. Shared 8 accompany it to 256MB system DDR3-SDRAM with
Total Graphics Memory. ROBO-8210VG2AR supports VGA, DVI. This combination
makes ROBO-8210VG2AR an excellent piece of multimedia hardware.
With no additional video adaptor, this onboard video will usually be the system
display output. By adjusting the BIOS setting to disable on-board VGA, an add-on
PCI-Express graphic card can take over the system display.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-2
System Installation
Drivers Support
Please find all the drivers in the ROBO-8210VG2AR CD-title. Drivers support ,
Windows XP/Vista/Win7.
3.3.3
Intel Gigabit Ethernet Controller
Drivers Support
Please find INTEL 82577LM & 82583V LAN driver in /Ethernet directory of
ROBO-8210VG2AR CD-title. The drivers support Windows XP/Vista/Win7.
3.3.4
Audio Controller
Please find Intel® High Definition Audio driver form ROBO-8210VG2AR CD-title.
The drivers support Windows XP/Vista/Win7.
3.4
Clear CMOS Operation
The following table indicates how to enable/disable Clear CMOS Function hardware
circuit by putting jumpers at proper position.
JP3: CMOS Clear Header
1-2 Open
1-2 Short
3.5
Function
Normal Operation Ì
Clear CMOS Contents
WDT Function
The working algorithm of the WDT function can be simply described as a counting
process. The Time-Out Interval can be set through software programming. The
availability of the time-out interval settings by software or hardware varies from
boards to boards.
ROBO-8210VG2AR allows users control WDT through dynamic software
programming. The WDT starts counting when it is activated. It sends out a signal to
system reset or to non-maskable interrupt (NMI), when time-out interval ends. To
prevent the time-out interval from running out, a re-trigger signal will need to be sent
before the counting reaches its end. This action will restart the counting process. A
well-written WDT program should keep the counting process running under normal
condition. WDT should never generate a system reset or NMI signal unless the
system runs into troubles.
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3-3
System Installation
The related Control Registers of WDT are all included in the following sample
program that is written in Assembly language. User can fill a non-zero value into the
Time-out Value Register to enable/refresh WDT. System will be reset after the
Time-out Value to be counted down to zero. Or user can directly fill a zero value into
Time-out Value Register to disable WDT immediately. To ensure a successful
accessing to the content of desired Control Register, the sequence of following
program codes should be step-by-step run again when each register is accessed.
Additionally, there are maximum 2 seconds of counting tolerance that should be
considered into user’ application program. For more information about WDT, please
refer to ITE8721 data sheet.
There are two PNP I/O port addresses that can be used to configure WDT,
1) 0x2E:Test 1 Register
2) 0x2F:Test 2 Register
Below are some example codes, which demonstrate the use of WDT.
.model small
.386p
.stack
.data
ADDRESS
.code
pgm:
mov
ADDRESS,002eh
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 87h
out
dx, al
mov al, 01h
out dx, al
mov al, 55h
out dx, al
mov al, 55h
out dx, al
mov al, 20h
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
mov bl, al
mov al, 21h
mov dx, ADDRESS
out dx, al
inc dx
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
dw
0FFFFh
; I suppose 2Eh that is the address of SIO
; enter MB PnP mode in 2Eh
; read the Chip ID to check the address of SIO
; default =87h
3-4
System Installation
in al, dx
mov bh, al
; default =21h
cmp bx, 2187h
je
;cmp CHIP ID
L1
mov ADDRESS,4eh
; SIO in 4Eh
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 87h
out
dx, al
mov al, 01h
out dx, al
mov al, 55h
out dx, al
mov al, 0AAh
out dx, al
; enter MB PnP mode in 4Eh
mov al, 20h
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
mov bl, al
mov al, 21h
mov dx, ADDRESS
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
mov bh, al
; read the Chip ID to check the address of SIO
; default =87h
; default =21h
cmp bx, 2187h
je L1
xor
mov
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
bx, bx
ah, 0Eh
al, 'S'
10h
al, 'I'
10h
al, 'O'
10h
al, ' '
10h
al, 'F'
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-5
System Installation
int
10h
mov
al, 'a'
int
10h
mov
al, 'i'
int
10h
mov
al, 'l'
int
10h
mov
al, 0dh
int
10h
mov
al, 0ah
int
10h
jmp stop
;CR
;LF
L1 :
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 07h
out dx, al
inc dx
out dx, al
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 71h
out dx, al
inc dx
mov al, 00h
out dx, al
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 72h
out dx, al
inc dx
mov al, 0C0h
out dx, al
xor
mov
bx, bx
ah, 0Eh
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
al, 'W'
10h
al, 'D'
10h
al, 'T'
10h
al, ':'
10h
al, 'T'
10h
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
;set WDT state
; show the potion
3-6
System Installation
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
al, 'e'
10h
al, 's'
10h
al, 't'
10h
al, ' '
10h
al, 's'
10h
al, 't'
10h
al, 'a'
10h
al, 'r'
10h
al, 't'
10h
al, 0dh
10h
al, 0ah
10h
;CR
;LF
mov
al, '5'
int
10h
mov al, ' '
int 10h
mov
al, 'S'
int
10h
mov
al, 'e'
int
10h
mov al, 'c'
int 10h
mov
al, 'o'
int
10h
mov
al, 'n'
int
10h
mov
al, 'd'
int
10h
mov al, ' '
int 10h
mov
al, 'w'
int
10h
mov
al, 'i'
int
10h
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-7
System Installation
mov
al, 'l'
int
10h
mov
al, 'l'
int
10h
mov al, ' '
int 10h
mov al, 'b'
int 10h
mov al, 'e'
int 10h
mov al, ' '
mov
al, 'r'
int
10h
mov
al, 'e'
int
10h
mov
al, 's'
int
10h
mov al, 'e'
int 10h
mov
al, 't'
int
10h
mov
al, 0dh
int
10h
mov
al, 0ah
int
10h
;CR
;LF
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 73h
out dx, al
inc dx
mov al, 05h
out dx, al
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 74h
out dx, al
inc dx
mov al, 00h
out dx, al
stop :
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov
al, 02h
out
dx, al
inc dx
mov al, 02h
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-8
System Installation
out dx, al
int 21h
mov ah, 4ch
;return dos
end pgm
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-9
System Installation
3.6
GPIO
The ROBO-8210VG2AR provides 8 programmable input or output ports that can be
individually configured to perform a simple basic I/O function. Users can configure
each individual port to become an input or output port by programming register bit
of I/O Selection. To invert port value, the setting of Inversion Register has to be
made. Port values can be set to read or write through Data Register.
3.6.1
Pin assignment
J6: 8-bit GPIO
PIN No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
GPIO11
GPIO12
GPIO30
GPIO31
GND
PIN No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
GPIO32
GPIO33
GPIO36
GPIO37
VCC
All General Purpose I/O ports can only apply to standard VCC3=3.3 ± 5% signal level
(0V/3.3V), and each source sink capacity up to 8mA.
3.6.2
ROBO-8210VG2AR GPIO Programming Guide
There are 8 GPIO pins on ROBO-8210VG2AR. These GPIO pins are from SUPER I/O
(IT8721) GPIO pins, and can be programmed as Input or Output direction.
J16 pin header is for 8 GPIO pins and its pin assignment as following :
J6_Pin1=GPIO0:from SUPER I/O_GPIO11 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin2=GPIO1:from SUPER I/O_GPIO32 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin3=GPIO2:from SUPER I/O_GPIO12 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin4=GPIO3:from SUPER I/O_GPIO33 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin5=GPIO4:from SUPER I/O_GPIO30 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin6=GPIO5:from SUPER I/O_GPIO36 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin7=GPIO6:from SUPER I/O_GPIO31 with Ext. 4.7K PH
J6_Pin8=GPIO7:from SUPER I/O_GPIO37 with Ext. 4.7K PH
<<<<< Be careful Pin9=GND , Pin10=VCC >>>>>
There are several Configuration Registers (CR) of IT8721 needed to be programmed
to control the GPIO direction, and status(GPI)/value(GPO). 25h ~ 29h are common
(global) registers to all Logical Devices (LD) in IT8721. LDN=07h contains the Logical
Device Number that can be changed to access the LD as needed. LD7 contains the
GPIO11,32,12,33,30,36,31,37 registers.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-10
System Installation
Programming Guide:
For example,
LD7_CR25h_Bit1.P1; Let Function select GPIO11
LD7_CRC0h_Bit1.P1; Let GPIO11 as Simple I/O Function
LD7_CRC8h_Bit2.P1; Let GPIO12 as Output
LD7_CRCAh_Bit3.P0; Let GPIO33 as Input
How to access IT8721 CR?
In ROBO-8210VG2AR, the Test 1 = 002Eh, and Test 2 = 002Fh.
Test 1 and Test 2 are 2 IO ports needed to access IT8721 CR.
Test 1 is the Index Port, Test 2 is the Data Port.
CR index number needs to be written into Test 1 first,
Then the data will be read/written from/to Test 2.
To R/W IT8721 CR, it is needed to Enter/Enable Configuration Mode first.
When completing the programming, it is suggested to Exit/Disable Configuration
Mode.
Enter Configuration Mode: Write 87h to IO port Test 1 twice.
Exit Configuration Mode: Set bit 1 of the configure control register (index=02h) to
"1" to exit.
3.6.3
Example
.model small
.386p
.stack
.data
ADDRESS
.code
pgm:
mov
ADDRESS,002eh
SIO
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 87h
out
dx, al
mov al, 01h
out dx, al
nop
mov al, 55h
out dx, al
nop
mov al, 55h
out dx, al
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
dw
0FFFFh
; I suppose 2Eh that is the address of
; enter MB PnP mode in 2Eh
3-11
System Installation
mov al, 20h
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx ; default =87h
mov bl, al
mov al, 21h
mov dx, ADDRESS
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx ; default =21h
mov bh, al
cmp bx, 2187h
je
; read the Chip ID to check the address of SIO
;cmp CHIP ID
L1
mov ADDRESS,4eh
; SIO in 4Eh
mov
dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 87h
out
dx, al
mov al, 01h
out dx, al
mov al, 55h
out dx, al
mov al, 0AAh
out dx, al
; enter MB PnP mode in 4Eh
mov al, 20h
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
mov bl, al
mov al, 21h
mov dx, ADDRESS
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
mov bh, al
; read the Chip ID to check the address of SIO
; default =87h
; default =21h
cmp bx, 2187h
je L1
xor
mov
mov
bx, bx
ah, 0Eh
al, 'S'
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-12
System Installation
int
10h
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-13
System Installation
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
jmp L6
al, 'I'
10h
al, 'O'
10h
al, ' '
10h
al, 'F'
10h
al, 'a'
10h
al, 'i'
10h
al, 'l'
10h
al, 0dh
10h
al, 0ah
10h
;CR
;LF
L1:
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 07h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
mov al, 03h
out dx, al
nop
; Switch to LDN=03h
mov dx, ADDRESS
; Set F0 bit3=1
mov al, 0F0h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or al, 08h
;POST Data Port ==>Disable
out dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 30h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
; Set 30 bit0=0
3-14
System Installation
and al, 00h
; Parallel Port Disable
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-15
System Installation
out dx, al
nop
; mov dx, ADDRESS
; mov al, 31h
; out dx, al
; inc dx
; and al, 00h
; out dx, al
; Set 31h =00
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov
al, 07h ;Switch to Logic Device 07 & LDN=07h
out
dx, al
nop
inc dx
out dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0E9h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or al, 20h
out dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 25h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or
al, 06h
out
dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 27h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or
al, 0CFh
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
;Set E9 bit5 =1
; The GPIO11 & GPIO12 be set GP function
; The GPIO30 31 32 33 36 37 be set GP function
3-16
System Installation
out
dx, al
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-17
System Installation
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0C0h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or
al, 06h
out
dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0C2h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or
al, 0CFh
out
dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0C8h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or
al, 06h
out
dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0CAh
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
or
al, 03h
out
dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0CAh
out dx, al
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
; set GPIO11 & GPIO12 Simple I/O function
; set GPIO30 31 32 33 36 37 Simple I/O function
; set GPIO11 & GPIO12 output(1)
; set GPIO30 31 output (1)
; set GPIO32 33 36 37 input (0)
3-18
System Installation
nop
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-19
System Installation
inc dx
in al, dx
and
al, 33h
out
dx, al
nop
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 62h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
mov ah, al
;load the base address MSB
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 63h
out dx, al
nop
inc dx
in al, dx
;load the base address LSB
mov bx, ax
mov dx, ax
in al, dx
or al, 06h
out dx, al
nop
nop
; go to gpio1 address
; set high to input
add bx, 02h ; 0A42
mov dx, bx
nop
in al, dx
or al, 03h ; set high to input
and al, 33h
out dx, al
in al, dx
and al, 0CFh
cmp al, 0CFh
jnz
L5
sub bx, 02h
mov ax, bx
mov dx, ax
; read the gpio output
; go to gpio1 address
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-20
System Installation
in al, dx
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-21
System Installation
and al, 0F9h
out dx, al
add bx, 02h
mov ax, bx
mov dx, ax
in al, dx
and al, 0FCh
out dx, al
in al, dx
or al, 30h
cmp al, 30h
jnz
L5
; set low to gpio11 & GPIO12
; go to gpio3 address
; set high to input
; read the gpio output
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0C8h
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
and
al, 0F9h
out
dx, al
mov dx, ADDRESS
mov al, 0CAh
out dx, al
inc dx
in al, dx
and
al, 0FCh
or
al, 0CCh
out
dx, al
mov ax, bx
mov dx, ax
in al, dx
or al, 0CCh
out dx, al
in al, dx
or al, 30h
cmp al, 0FFh
jnz
L5
; set GPIO11 & GPIO12 input(0)
; set GPIO30 & 31 input (0)
; set GPIO32 33 36 37 output (1)
; set high to input
; read the gpio output
sub bx, 02h
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-22
System Installation
mov ax, bx
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-23
System Installation
mov dx, ax
in al, dx
or al, 0F3h
cmp al, 0FFh
jnz
L5
add bx, 02h
mov dx, bx
out dx, ax
; go to gpio3 address
in al, dx
and al, 33h
; set high to input
out dx, al
in al, dx
or al, 30h
cmp al, 30h
jnz
L5
sub bx, 02h
mov ax, bx
mov dx, ax
in al, dx
or al, 0FCh
cmp al, 0FCh
jnz
L5
jmp L4
L5 :
xor
mov
;out
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
jmp L6
bx, bx
ah, 0Eh
dx, al
al, 'F'
10h
al, 'a'
10h
al, 'i'
10h
al, 'l'
10h
al, 0dh ;CR
10h
al, 0ah
10h
;LF
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-24
System Installation
L4 :
xor
mov
;out
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
mov
int
bx, bx
ah, 0Eh
dx, al
al, 'P'
10h
al, 'a'
10h
al, 's'
10h
al, 's'
10h
al, 0dh ;CR
10h
al, 0ah
10h
;LF
L6:
;Save the register value
mov
dx, Address
mov
al, 07h
out
dx, al
mov
inc
out
al, 03h
dx
dx, al
mov
mov
out
al, 030h
dx, address
dx, al
mov
inc
out
al, 001h
dx
dx, al
mov
mov
out
al, 0f0h
dx, address
dx, al
mov
inc
out
al, 000h
dx
dx, al
mov
dx, ADDRESS
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-25
System Installation
mov
out
al, 02h
dx, al
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-26
System Installation
inc dx
mov al, 02h
out dx, al
; xor
; int
ah, ah
16h
;Gasym mov ax,4c00h
;Gasym int 21h
exitp: mov ah, 4ch
int 21h
;return dos
end pgm
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
3-27
BIOS Setup Information
Chapter 4
BIOS Setup Information
ROBO-8210VG2AR uses AMI BIOS structure stored in Flash ROM. These BIOS has a
built-in Setup program that allows users to modify the basic system configuration
easily. This type of information is stored in CMOS RAM so that it is retained during
power-off periods. When system is turned on, ROBO-8210VG2AR communicates
with peripheral devices and checks its hardware resources against the configuration
information stored in the CMOS memory. If any error is detected, or the CMOS
parameters need to be initially defined, the diagnostic program will prompt the user
to enter the SETUP program. Some errors are significant enough to abort the start up.
4.1
Entering Setup -- Launch System Setup
Power on the computer and the system will start POST (Power On Self Test) process.
When the message below appears on the screen, press <Del> key will enter BIOS
setup screen.
Press <Del> to enter SETUP
If the message disappears before responding and still wish to enter Setup, please
restart the system by turning it OFF and On or pressing the RESET button. It can be
also restarted by pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys on keyboard
simultaneously.
Press <F1> to Run SETUP or Resume
The BIOS setup program provides a General Help screen. The menu can be easily
called up from any menu by pressing <F1>. The Help screen lists all the possible keys
to use and the selections for the highlighted item. Press <Esc> to exit the Help screen.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-1
BIOS Setup Information
4.2
Main
Use this menu for basic system configurations, such as time, date etc.
BIOS Information, Memory Information
These items show the firmware and memory specifications of your system. Read
only.
System Time
The time format is <Hour> <Minute> <Second>. Use [+] or [-] to configure system
Time.
System Date
The date format is <Day>, <Month> <Date> <Year>. Use [+] or [-] to configure
system Date.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-2
BIOS Setup Information
4.3
Advanced
Use this menu to set up the items of special enhanced features.
Launch PXE OpROM
Enable or Disable Boot Option for Lagacy Network Devices.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
Launch Storage OpROM
Enable or Disable Boot Option for Lagacy Mass Storage devices.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-3
BIOS Setup Information
PCI Subsystem Settings
PCI ROM Priority
Choices: Legacy ROM, EFI Compatible ROM
PCI Latency Timer
Choices: 32 PCI, 64 PCI, 96 PCI, 128 PCI, 160 PCI, 192 PCI, 224 PCI, 248 PCI Bus
Clocks
VGA Palette Snoop
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
PERR# Generation
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-4
BIOS Setup Information
SERR# Generation
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
Relaxed Ordering
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
Extended Tag
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
No Snoop
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
Maximum Payload
Choices: Auto, 128 Bytes, 256 Bytes, 512 Bytes, 1024 Bytes, 2048 Bytes, 4096 Bytes
Maximum Read Request
Choices: Auto, 128 Bytes, 256 Bytes, 512 Bytes, 1024 Bytes, 2048 Bytes, 4096 Bytes
ASPM Support
Choices: Disabled. Auto, Force L0
Extended Synch
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-5
BIOS Setup Information
ACPI Settings
Enable ACPI Auto Configuration
Choices: Enabled, Disabled.
Enable Hibernation
Choices: Enabled, Disabled.
ACPI Sleep State
Choices: Suspend Disabled, S1 (CPU Stop Clock), S3 (Suspend to RAM)
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-6
BIOS Setup Information
Trusted Computing
TPM SUPPORT
Choices: Enabled, Disabled
S5 RTC Wake Settings
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-7
BIOS Setup Information
Wake System with Fixed Time
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
Wake System with Dynamic Time
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
CPU Configuration
These items show the advanced specifications of your CPU. Read only.
Hyper-Threading
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Active Processor Cores
Choices: All, 1, 2
Limit CPUID Maximum
Disabled for Windows XP
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-8
BIOS Setup Information
Hardware Prefetcher
For UP platforms, leave it enabled. For DP/MP servers, it may use to tune
performance the specific application.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch
For UP platforms, leave it enabled. For DP/MP servers, it may use to tune
performance the specific application.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Intel Virtualization Technology
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Power Technology
Choices: Disabled, Energy Efficient, Custom
TDC Limit
Turbo-XE Mode Processor TDC Limit in 1/8 A granularity, 0 means using the
factory-configured value.
TDP Limit
Turbo-XE Mode Processor TDP Limit in 1/8 W granularity, 0 means using the
factory-configured value.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-9
BIOS Setup Information
SATA Configuration
The SATA Configuration the SATA devices, such as hard disk drive or CD-ROM
drive.
SATA Mode
This setting specifies the function of the on-chip SATA controller.
Choices: Disabled, IDE Mode, RAID Mode, AHCI Mode.
Serial_ATA Controller 0
Choices: Disabled, Compatible, Enabled.
Serial_ATA Controller 1
Choices: Disabled, Compatible, Enabled.
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
4-10
BIOS Setup Information
Intel IGD SWSCI OpRegion
These option contains all the Intel® IGD setting for graphic output.
DVMT/FIXED Memory
Choices: 128M, 256MB, Maximum
IGD – Boot Type
Select the Video Device which will be activated during POST.
Choices: VBIOS Default, CRT, LVDS, CRT+LVDS, DVI, CRT+DVI.
LCD Panel Type
Choices: 800x480 LVDS, 800x600 LVDS, 1024x768 LVDS, 1280x1024 LVDS.
Panel Scaling
Choices: Auto, Force Scaling, Off, Maintain Aspect Ratio.
Backlight Control
Choices: PWM Intverted, PWM Normal, GMBus Inverted, GMBus Normal.
Active LVDS
Choices: No LVDS, Int-LVDS.
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4-11
BIOS Setup Information
Intel TDT(AT-p) Configurations
Inter Theft Deterrence Technology Configuration
TDT
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
TDT Recovery
Choices: 1-64
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BIOS Setup Information
USB Configuration
Legacy USB Support
Set to [Enabled] if you need to use any USB 1.1/2.0 device in the operating system
that does not support or have any USB 1.1/2.0 driver installed, such as DOS and SCO
Unix.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled, Auto.
EHCI Hand-Off
This is a workaround for OSes without EHCI hand-off support. The EHCI ownership
change should claim by EHCI driver.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Device Reset timeout
Choices: 10 sec, 20 sec, 30 sec, 40 sec
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BIOS Setup Information
Super IO Configuratoin
List all the option that can be set of Super I/O.
Including Floppy Disk control, Serial Port 0,1 Configuration and Parallel Port
configuration,
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BIOS Setup Information
Floppy Disk Controller Configuration
Floppy Disk Controller
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
Change Settings
Choices: Auto, IO=3F0h; IRQ=6, DMA=2;
IO=3F0h; IRQ=3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12, DMA=2, 3;
IO=370h; IRQ=3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12, DMA=2, 3;
Device Mode
Choices: Read Write, Write Protect
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BIOS Setup Information
Serial Port 0/1 Configuration
Serial Port
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Change Settings
Choices: Auto. IO=3F8h; IRO=4, IO=3F8h; IRO=3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12, IO=2F8h;
IRO=3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12,
IO=3E8h;
IRO=3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12,
IO=2E8h;
IRO=3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12,
Device Mode
Choices: Standard Serial Port Mode, IrDA 1.0 (HP SIR) Mode, ASK IR Mode.
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BIOS Setup Information
Parallel Port Configuration
Parallel Port
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Change Settings
Choices: Auto. IO=378h; IRQ=5, IO=378h; IRO=5,6,7,10,11,12, IO=378h;
IRQ=5,6,7,10,11,12, IO=278h; IRQ=5,6,7,10,11,12, IO=38Ch; IRQ=5,6,7,10,11,12,
Device Mode
Choices: STD printer mode, SPP mode, EPP-1.9 and SPP mode, EPP-1.7 and SPP
mode, ECP mode, ECP and EPP-1.9 mode, ECP and EPP-1.7 mode.
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4-17
BIOS Setup Information
Watchdog Timer
WDT controller
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Change Settings
Choices: WDT Disabled, 10 Seconds, 20 Seconds, 30 Seconds, 40 Seconds, 50 Seconds,
60 Seconds.
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BIOS Setup Information
Smart Fan control
Smart Fan1/2 control
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Smart Fan1/2 Start
Choices: 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70.
Fan1/2 Fill Speed
Choices: 60, 65, 70, 75.
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4-19
BIOS Setup Information
H/W monitor
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4-20
BIOS Setup Information
Thermal Configuration
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4-21
BIOS Setup Information
Platform Thermal Configuration
ME SMBus Thermal Reporting
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
SMBus Buffer Length
Choices: 1,2,5,9,10,14,20
Thermal Reporting EC PEC
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Select Slots with TS on DIMM
Choices: NO TS on DIMM. TS on DIMM in Slot DIMM0, TS on DIMM in Slot DIMM1,
TS on DIMM in Slot DIMM0 and DIMM1
MCH Temp Read
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
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BIOS Setup Information
PCH Temp Read
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
CPU Energy Read
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Alert Enable Lock
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
CPU Alert
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
MCH Alert
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
PCH Alert
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
DIMM Alert
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Intelligent Power Sharing
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BIOS Setup Information
Intelligent Power Sharing
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
MCH Turbo
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
PPEC Config
Processor Power Error Correction
Choices: 1 to 50
IPS Policy
Choices: DRIVER, PROCESSOR, BALANCED, GRAPHICS
Core Temp Limit
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
MCH Power Limit
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Processor Power Limit
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Core Power Limit
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Run Time Interface
Choices: BIOS with MMIO, EC uses SMBug
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4-24
BIOS Setup Information
AMT Configuration
AMT
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Unconfigure AMT/ME
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
WatchDog Timer
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
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4-25
BIOS Setup Information
Serial Port Console Redirection
Console Redirection
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Terminal Type
Choices: VT100, VT100+, VT-UTF8, ANSI
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BIOS Setup Information
Memory testing
Memory testing
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Mode of testing
Choices: Normal test, Fast test.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.4
Chipset
This menu controls the advanced features of the onboard Northbridge and
Southbridge.
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BIOS Setup Information
Enable CRID
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
North Bridge Chipset Configuration
Low MMIO Align
Choices: 64MB/1024MB
Initate Graphic Adapter
Select which graphics controller to use as the primary boot device.
Choices: IGD, PCI/IGD, PCI/PEG, PEG/IGD, PEG/PCI.
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BIOS Setup Information
Graphics Turbo IMON Current
Choices: 14-31
VT-d
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
PCI Express Compliance Mode
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
PCI Express Port
Choices: Disabled, Enabled, Auto
IGD Memory
Choices: Disabled, 32M, 64M, 128M
PAVP Mode
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
PEG Force Gen1
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
South Bridge Configuration
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4-30
BIOS Setup Information
SMBus Controller
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Wake on Lan from S5
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Restore AC Power Loss
Choices: Power Off, Power On, Last State
SLP_S4 Assertion Stretch Enable
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
SLP_S4 Assertion Width
Choices: 1-2, 2-3. 3-4, 4-5 seconds
Azalia HD Audio
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Azalia Internal HDMI Codec
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
High Precision timer
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
Wakeup by Ring
Choices: Disabled, Enabled,
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BIOS Setup Information
PCI Express Ports Configuration
All PCI Express Ports can be set as choices: Disabled, Enabled, Auto
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BIOS Setup Information
USB Configuration
ALL USB Devices
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
EHCI Controller 1
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
EHCI Controller 2
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
RHM Support
Choices: Disabled, Enabled, Auto
USB Port 0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13
Choices: Disabled, Enabled
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BIOS Setup Information
ME Subsystem Configuration
ME Subsystem
Choices: Enabled, Disabled.
End of Post Message
Choices: Enabled, Disabled.
Execute MEBx
Choices: Enabled, Disabled.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.5
Boot
Use this menu to specify the priority of boot devices.
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BIOS Setup Information
Quiet Boot
This BIOS feature determines if the BIOS should hide the normal POST messages
with the motherboard or system manufacturer's full-screen logo. When it is enabled,
the BIOS will display the full-screen logo during the boot-up sequence, hiding normal
POST messages.
When it is disabled, the BIOS will display the normal POST messages, instead of the
full-screen logo.
Please note that enabling this BIOS feature often adds 2-3 seconds of delay to the
booting sequence. This delay ensures that the logo is displayed for a sufficient
amount of time. Therefore, it is recommended that you disable this BIOS feature for a
faster boot-up time.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Fast Boot
Enabling this setting will cause the BIOS power-on self test routine to skip some of its
tests during boot up for faster system boot.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Setup Prompt Timeout
Choices: 1-65535
Bootup Num-Lock State
This setting is to set the Num Lock status when the system is powered on. Setting to
[On] will turn on the Num Lock key when the system is powered on. Setting to [Off]
will allow users to use the arrow keys on the numeric keypad.
Choices: On, Off.
GateA20 Active
Choices: Upon Request, Always
Option ROM Messages
This item is used to determine the display mode when an optional ROM is initialized
during POST. When set to [Force BIOS], the display mode used by AMI BIOS is used.
Select [Keep Current] if you want to use the display mode of optional ROM.
Choices: Force BIOS, Keep Current.
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BIOS Setup Information
Interrupt 19 Capture
Interrupt 19 is the software interrupt that handles the boot disk function. When
enabled, this BIOS feature allows the ROM BIOS of these host adaptors to "capture"
Interrupt 19 during the boot process so that drives attached to these adaptors can
function as bootable disks. In addition, it allows you to gain access to the host
adaptor's ROM setup utility, if one is available.
When disabled, the ROM BIOS of these host adaptors will not be able to "capture"
Interrupt 19. Therefore, you will not be able to boot operating systems from any
bootable disks attached to these host adaptors. Nor will you be able to gain access to
their ROM setup utilities.
Choices: Disabled, Enabled.
Boot Option # 1
Choices: Built-in EFI Shell
Network Device BBS Priorities
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BIOS Setup Information
Boot Option # 1/2
Choices: IBA GE Slot 00C8 v1336, IBA GE Slot 0200 v1336, Disabled.
4.6
Security
Use this menu to set supervisor and user passwords.
Administrator Password
Administrator Password controls access to the BIOS Setup utility. These settings
allow you to set or change the supervisor password.
User Password
User Password controls access to the system at boot. These settings allow you to set or
change the user password.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.7
Save & Exit
This menu allows you to load the BIOS default values or factory default settings into
the BIOS and exit the BIOS setup utility with or without changes.
Save Changes and Exit
Exit System Setup and save your changes to CMOS. Pressing <Enter> on this item
asks for confirmation: Save changes to CMOS and exit the Setup Utility.
Discard Changes and Exit
Abandon all changes and exit the Setup Utility.
Save Changes and Reset
Exit System Setup and save your changes to CMOS then reboot.
Discard Changes and Reset
Abandon all changes and exit the Setup Utility then reboot
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BIOS Setup Information
Save Changes
Save all changes and continue with the Setup Utility.
Discard Changes
Abandon all changes and continue with the Setup Utility.
Restore Defaults
Use this menu to load the default values set by the SBC manufacturer specifically for
optimal performance of the SBC.
Save as User Defaults
Save all changes and considers as User’s default.
Restore User Default
Restore the setting according to User’s default
Launch EFI Shell from filesystem device
To enter the Built-in EFI shell for further modification such as upgrade BIOS.
Reset System with ME disable Mode
Reset
the
system
ROBO-8210VG2AR User’s Manual
with
ME
disabled.
4-40
Troubleshooting
Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides a few useful tips to quickly get ROBO-8210VG2AR running
with success. As basic hardware installation has been addressed in Chapter 2, this
chapter will primarily focus on system integration issues, in terms of BIOS setting,
and OS diagnostics.
5.1
Hardware Quick Installation
ATX Power Setting
Unlike other Single board computer, ROBO-8210VG2AR supports ATX only and
therefore is only able to run on PICMG 1.3 backplane. To know whether your
backplane is PICMG 1.3 backplane, please contact with vendor or manufacturer.
Serial ATA Hard Disk Setting for IDE/RAID/AHCI
Unlike IDE bus, each Serial ATA channel can only connect to one SATA hard disk at a
time; there are total four connectors, SATA1~4 port. The installation of Serial ATA is
simpler and easier than IDE, because SATA hard disk doesn’t require setting up
Master and Slave, which can reduce mistake of hardware installation. All you need to
operate IDE, RAID (0/1/5/10) and AHCI application for system, please follow up
setting guide in BIOS programming (Table 5-1).
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5-1
Troubleshooting
Table. 5-1 SATA Mode setting guide
System BIOS
Advanced
SATA Configuration
SATA Mode as… [IDE/AHCI/RAID]
5.2
BIOS Setting
It is assumed that users have correctly adopted modules and connected all the
devices cables required before turning on ATX power. CPU, CPU Fan, 240-pin DDR3
SDRAM, keyboard, mouse, floppy drive, SATA hard disk, DVI-I connector, device
power cables, ATX accessories are good examples that deserve attention. With no
assurance of properly and correctly accommodating these modules and devices, it is
very possible to encounter system failures that result in malfunction of any device.
To make sure that you have a successful start with ROBO-8210VG2AR, it is
recommended, when going with the boot-up sequence, to hit “DEL” key and enter
the BIOS setup menu to tune up a stable BIOS configuration so that you can wake up
your system far well.
Loading the default optimal setting
When prompted with the main setup menu, please scroll down to “Load Optimal
Defaults”, press “Enter” and “Y” to load in default optimal BIOS setup. This will
force your BIOS setting back to the initial factory configuration. It is recommended to
do this so you can be sure the system is running with the BIOS setting that Portwell
has highly endorsed. As a matter of fact, users can load the default BIOS setting any
time when system appears to be unstable in boot up sequence.
Auto Detect Hard Disks
In the BIOS => Standard CMOS setup menu, pick up any one from
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave IDE ports, and press “Enter”. Setup the selected
IDE port and its access mode to “Auto”. This will force system to automatically pick
up the IDE devices that are being connected each time system boots up.
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5-2
Troubleshooting
Improper disable operation
There are too many occasions where users disable a certain device/feature in one
application through BIOS setting. These variables may not be set back to the original
values when needed. These devices/features will certainly fail to be detected.
When the above conditions happen, it is strongly recommended to check the BIOS
settings. Make sure certain items are set as they should be. These include the COM1/
COM2 ports, USB ports, external cache, on-board VGA and Ethernet.
It is also very common that users would like to disable a certain device/port to
release IRQ resource. A few good examples are
Disable COM1 serial port to release IRQ #4
Disable COM2 serial port to release IRQ #3
Etc…
A quick review of the basic IRQ mapping is given below for your reference.
IRQ#
IRQ #0
IRQ #1
IRQ #2
IRQ #3
IRQ #4
IRQ #5
IRQ #6
IRQ #7
IRQ #8
IRQ #9
IRQ #10
IRQ #11
IRQ #12
IRQ #13
IRQ #14
IRQ #15
Description
System Timer
Keyboard Event
Usable IRQ
COM2
COM1
Usable IRQ
Diskette Event
Usable IRQ
Real-Time Clock
Usable IRQ
Usable IRQ
Usable IRQ
IBM Mouse Event
Coprocessor Error
Hard Disk Event
Usable IRQ
It is then very easy to find out which IRQ resource is ready for additional peripherals.
If IRQ resource is not enough, please disable some devices listed above to release
further IRQ numbers.
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5-3
Troubleshooting
5.3
FAQ
Installation Problem
Question:I forget my password of system BIOS, what am I supposed to do?
Answer: You can simply short 1-2 pins on JP3 to clean your password.
Note:
Please visit our technical web site at
http://www.portwell.com.tw
For additional technical information, which is not covered in this manual, you can
mail to tsd@mail.portwell.com.tw or you can also send mail to our sales, they wull be
very delighted to forward them to us.
System Memory Address Map
Each On-board device in the system is assigned a set of memory addresses, which
also can be identical of the device. The following table lists the system memory
address used.
Memory Area
0000-003F
0040-004F
0050-006F
0070-0E2E
0E2F-0F6B
0F6C-9B7F
First Meg
9C00-9D3F
9D40-9FFF
A000-AFFF
B000-B7FF
B800-BFFF
C000-CFDF
CFC0-EFFF
F000-FFFF
HMA
Size
Description
1K
Interrupt Area
0.3K
BIOS Data Area
0.5K
System Data
54K
DOS
5K
Program Area
【Available】
562K
-- Conventional memory end at 624K -5K
Extended BIOS Area
11K
Unused
64K
VGA Graphics
32K
Unused
32K
VGA Text
63K
Video ROM
129K
Unused
64K
System ROM
64K
First 64K Extended
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5-4
Troubleshooting
Interrupt Request Lines (IRQ)
Peripheral devices can use interrupt request lines to notify CPU for the service
required. The following table shows the IRQ used by the devices on board.
IRQ#
IRQ 0
IRQ 1
IRQ 2
IRQ 3
IRQ 4
IRQ 5
IRQ 6
IRQ 7
IRQ 8
IRQ 9
IRQ 10
IRQ 11
IRQ 12
IRQ 13
IRQ 14
IRQ 15
Current Use
System ROM
System ROM
【Unassigned】
System ROM
System ROM
【Unassigned】
System ROM
【Unassigned】
System ROM
【Unassigned】
【Unassigned】
Video ROM
System ROM
System ROM
System ROM
【Unassigned】
ROBO-8710VLA User’s Manual
Default Use
System Timer
Keyboard Event
Usable IRQ
COM2
COM1
Usable IRQ
Diskette Event
Usable IRQ
Real-Time Clock
Usable IRQ
Usable IRQ
Usable IRQ
IBM Mouse Event
Coprocessor Error
Hard Disk Event
Usable IRQ
5-5
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