Encom PULSE Link User Guide V2.2.6

ENCOM PULSE Link
USER MANUAL
For ENCOM PULSE Link Version 2.2.6
Toll Free:
1-800-617-3487
Worldwide:
(403) 230-1122
Fax:
(403) 276-9575
Web:
www.encomwireless.com
© 2012-2015 Encom Wireless Data Solutions Inc.
ENCOM PULSE Link
USER MANUAL
Table of Contents
5
Chapter 1: Introduction
Compatible ENCOM
...................................................................................................................................
Radios
5
6
Chapter 2: Installation
System Requirements
................................................................................................................................... 6
Downloading ...................................................................................................................................
the PULSE Link Software
7
Installing the PULSE
...................................................................................................................................
Link Software
8
Chapter 3: Using ENCOM PULSE Link
15
Running ENCOM
...................................................................................................................................
PULSE Link
15
Connecting to
...................................................................................................................................
a Radio
15
Connecting to..........................................................................................................................................................
a PULSE Radio
16
Connecting to..........................................................................................................................................................
an iPULSE Radio
18
Connecting to..........................................................................................................................................................
a 5000 Series Radio
21
Setting the.........................................................................................................................................................
5000 Series Radio Product Code
24
User Interface
................................................................................................................................... 28
Menu Bar
.......................................................................................................................................................... 29
File Menu Functions
......................................................................................................................................................... 30
Exit
......................................................................................................................................... 30
Radio Menu
.........................................................................................................................................................
Functions
31
Upgrade
......................................................................................................................................... 31
Upgrading a PULSE
...................................................................................................................................
Radio
32
Upgrading an iPULSE
...................................................................................................................................
Radio
36
Upgrading a 5000
...................................................................................................................................
Series Radio
40
Recover
......................................................................................................................................... 45
Recovering a PULSE
...................................................................................................................................
Radio
46
Recovering a 5000
...................................................................................................................................
Series Radio
56
Restore to Factory
.........................................................................................................................................
Defaults
64
Tools Menu.........................................................................................................................................................
Functions
65
Demo Mode
......................................................................................................................................... 65
Help Menu.........................................................................................................................................................
Functions
68
Topics
......................................................................................................................................... 68
About
......................................................................................................................................... 68
Status Bar
.......................................................................................................................................................... 69
Search for.........................................................................................................................................................
iPULSE Radios Button
71
Detect USB.........................................................................................................................................................
Devices Button
72
Connect to.........................................................................................................................................................
serial device button
73
USB Serial.........................................................................................................................................................
Port Settings Button
74
Status Information
.........................................................................................................................................................
Panel
75
Options List .......................................................................................................................................................... 78
Settings Panel
.......................................................................................................................................................... 79
Identification
.........................................................................................................................................................
Tab
80
Wireless Tab
......................................................................................................................................................... 83
Netw ork Tab
......................................................................................................................................................... 87
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P-MP Master Mode
......................................................................................................................................... 91
P-MP Remote Mode
......................................................................................................................................... 93
TCP Server Mode......................................................................................................................................... 95
TCP Client Mode ......................................................................................................................................... 97
TCP Client & Server
.........................................................................................................................................
Mode
99
VCOM UDP Mode
......................................................................................................................................... 101
Serial Port.........................................................................................................................................................
Tab
102
FSK Radio Serial
.........................................................................................................................................
Port Settings
103
RS-232 Radio Serial
.........................................................................................................................................
Port Settings
105
iPULSE Radio Serial
.........................................................................................................................................
Port Settings
107
Export Button
......................................................................................................................................................... 109
Import Button
......................................................................................................................................................... 110
Save Button
......................................................................................................................................................... 112
Reset Button
......................................................................................................................................................... 112
Signal Strength
..........................................................................................................................................................
Panel
113
Signal Strength
.........................................................................................................................................................
Toolbar
114
Signal Strength
.........................................................................................................................................................
Meter
115
Using the.........................................................................................................................................................
Signal Strength Panel
116
Poll Test Panel
.......................................................................................................................................................... 118
Poll Test Toolbar
......................................................................................................................................................... 119
Poll Test Report
......................................................................................................................................................... 120
Spectrum Scan
..........................................................................................................................................................
Panel
123
Spectrum.........................................................................................................................................................
Scan Toolbar
124
Spectrum.........................................................................................................................................................
Scan Graph
125
iPULSE Radios
..........................................................................................................................................................
Form
127
Changing.........................................................................................................................................................
the IP Address of an iPULSE Radio
129
Resettting.........................................................................................................................................................
an iPULSE Radio
131
Refreshing
.........................................................................................................................................................
the iPULSE Radio List
133
View ing or
.........................................................................................................................................................
Changing the Settings of an iPULSE Radio
134
Chapter 4: PULSE Radio Network Example
136
PULSE Master
...................................................................................................................................
(0) Configuration
139
PULSE Remote
...................................................................................................................................
(1) Configuration
140
PULSE Remote
...................................................................................................................................
(2) Configuration
141
PULSE Repeater
...................................................................................................................................
(3) Configuration
142
PULSE Repeater
...................................................................................................................................
(4) Configuration
143
PULSE Remote
...................................................................................................................................
(5) Configuration
144
PULSE Repeater
...................................................................................................................................
(6) Configuration
145
PULSE Remote
...................................................................................................................................
(7) Configuration
146
PULSE Remote
...................................................................................................................................
(8) Configuration
147
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USER MANUAL
Chapter 1: Introduction
This guide describes the operation of the ENCOM PULSE Link radio configuration utility. ENCOM
PULSE Link is a Microsoft Windows based application that is used to set up networks of ENCOM
900 MHz serial and FSK radios.
With ENCOM PULSE Link, you can:
Configure your ENCOM 900 MHz radios using a friendly user interface
Optimize the performance of your 900 MHz wireless network
Diagnose network and communication issues
This guide contains instructions, suggestions and information that will help you set up your radios
and achieve optimal performance of your equipment.
Compatible ENCOM Radios
The following ENCOM radios are compatible with the ENCOM PULSE Link software:
ENCOM 900 MHz Serial Radios
Radio Model
Description
iPULSE R
900 MHz rack mount serial radio with Ethernet interface
iPULSE S
900 MHz shelf mount serial radio with Ethernet interface
PULSE 2070
900MHz 2070 style radio
PULSE C
900MHz shelf mount FSK radio
PULSE CR
900MHz rack mount FSK radio
PULSE S
900MHz shelf mount serial radio
PULSE SR
900MHz rack mount serial radio
5000 series adapter card
PULSE adapter card for 5000 series radios (5100R, 5100S,
5170, 5171, 5200R, 5200S, 5270)
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Chapter 2: Installation
System Requirements
ENCOM PULSE Link was created to run on a wide variety of computers, from netbooks that can be
used by field personnel to high-powered, multi-monitor workstations used in the network operations
center.
In order to run ENCOM PULSE Link, your computer must meet the following minimum
requirements:
Windows XP SP3, Vista, Windows 7 or Windows 8 operating system
Microsoft .NET Framework 4
2 GB RAM
1 GB free hard drive space
Video card with a minimum 1024 x 720 resolution
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Downloading the PULSE Link Software
ENCOM PULSE Link is available for download from the ENCOM Wireless website. To download
ENCOM PULSE Link:
1. Using a web browser, go to the ENCOM Software Download Registration page on the
ENCOM web site at:
http://www.encomwireless.com/downloads/software
2. Enter the requested information, and make sure that you select Pulse Link in the Software
Required field. Then click on the Send button.
3. A confirmation email will be sent to the email address you entered in the registration page.
4. Follow the instructions in the email you received to download the ENCOM PULSE Link setup
program to your computer.
If you have trouble downloading or installing PULSE Link, please contact ENCOM technical support,
using any of the following options:
Email:
Phone:
support@encomwireless.com
1-800-617-3487 (ext. 223)
1-972-885-5170
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Installing the PULSE Link Software
Although ENCOM PULSE Link will run under a standard user account, you will need
administrator privileges to install the application. Please contact your IT department
if you are unable to install PULSE Link due to account restrictions.
After downloading ENCOM PULSE Link:
1. Double click the EncomPulseLinkSetupVx.x.x.msi file to start the installation process
(where x.x.x is the PULSE Link version number).
2. The ENCOM PULSE Link Setup Wizard will appear and will guide you through the
installation of the application to your computer
Click Next to proceed.
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3. Select the folder on your computer where you would like ENCOM PULSE Link to be installed.
You can also instruct the setup wizard to install PULSE Link for all users or the currently
logged in user. Note that in both cases, you need to have administrator privileges in order to
successfully install the application.
Click Next to proceed.
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4. Select the desired options. Note that a shortcut will always be created under Programs ->
Encom -> PULSE Link in the Windows Start menu. The Desktop and Quick Launch
shortcuts simply provide alternate means to access the application.
If this is the first time that you install ENCOM PULSE Link, ensure that the Install Encom
Serial USB Driver option is checked. The setup program will pre-install the appropriate
driver files on your computer, and the driver will be automatically installed when you connect
to a 900 MHz serial radio with the USB cable. Leaving this option checked won't affect a driver
that has already been installed.
Click Next to proceed.
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5. The final confirmation page is shown.
Click Next to proceed.
6. ENCOM PULSE Link will be installed on your computer.
Enter the appropriate administrator account credentials if you are prompted to do so.
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7. If you checked the Install Encom Serial USB Driver option, the driver installation wizard will
be displayed.
Click Next to proceed.
8. The driver license page is shown:
Select the I accept this EULA option, and click Next to proceed.
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9. The ENCOM Serial USB drivers will be installed on your computer.
During the installation process, you may be prompted for permission to install the drivers.
Answer Yes or OK to all prompts.
10.When the driver installation is completed, click Finish to exit the driver installation wizard.
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11.Finally click Close to exit the PULSE Link installation wizard.
12.ENCOM PULSE Link is now installed on your computer.
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Chapter 3: Using ENCOM PULSE Link
Running ENCOM PULSE Link
You can run ENCOM PULSE Link using any of the following methods
Select Programs -> Encom -> PULSE Link -> Encom PULSE Link from the Windows Start
menu
If you requested that a PULSE Link shortcut be installed on your desktop, you can start
PULSE Link by double-clicking the desktop icon:
If you requested that a PULSE Link shortcut be installed in the QuickLaunch panel, you can
start PULSE Link by clicking on the QuickLaunch icon:
Connecting to a Radio
ENCOM PULSE Link supports two families of 900 MHz serial radios:
ENCOM PULSE radios (configured via USB interface)
ENCOM iPULSE radios (configured via Ehthernet interface)
ENCOM 5000 series adapter boards (configured via Serial interface)
To connect to a radio, follow the procedures found in the following topics:
Connecting to a PULSE Radio
Connecting to an iPULSE Radio
Connecting to a 5000 Series Radio
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Connecting to a PULSE Radio
To connect to an ENCOM PULSE radio, follow the procedure listed below:
1. Run the ENCOM PULSE Link application on your computer.
2. The Status Bar at the top right-hand corner of the application's window will prompt you to
connect to a radio.
3. Power the PULSE radio with the provided wall mount power adapter, and then connect the
radio to your computer with the included USB cable.
4. ENCOM PULSE Link will detect the radio and attempt to communicate with it.
5. When PULSE Link is able to communicate with the radio, it will automatically retrieve its
configuration settings.
Note that when the status bar is red, you should not disconnect the USB cable from the radio,
nor should you remove power from the radio. Doing so could prevent the radio from being
able to communicate properly over the serial port (or the FSK port for FSK radios). If this
happens, you may have to use PULSE Link again to restore the radio's configuration.
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6. After the radio's configuration settings have been retrieved, the radio is shown as being online.
7. The radio configuration panel is displayed. At this point you can use ENCOM PULSE Link to
manage your radio.
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Connecting to an iPULSE Radio
To connect to an ENCOM iPULSE radio, follow the procedure listed below:
1. Run the ENCOM PULSE Link application on your computer.
2. The Status Bar at the top right-hand corner of the application's window will prompt you to
connect to a radio.
3. Power the iPULSE radio with the provided wall mount power adapter, and then connect the
radio to your computer using an Ethernet cable.
4. Click the Search for iPULSE radios button at the left of the status bar.
5. The iPULSE Radios form is displayed.
While this form is visible, PULSE Link is actively searching for iPULSE radios. It will detect
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and list all iPULSE radios that are connected to your local network. It will NOT detect an
iPULSE radio if there is a router between the radio and the computer running the PULSE Link
application.
6. If you have just received your iPULSE radio from ENCOM, its default IP address may not be
compatible with your local network. In this case, a
indicator is shown at the left of radio's
MAC Address, and the Status column indicates that you must change the radio's IP address.
In order to connect to a radio that is unreachable, you will have to change it's IP address to a
compatible value. Refer to the Changing the IP Address of an iPULSE Radio topic for more
information.
7. To connect to a radio, select the radio item in the radio list, and then click the Select button.
Alternatively, you can double-click the left mouse button on the radio item in the radio list.
8. The status indicator will briefly display a message while the radio's configuration settings are
retrieved.
Note that when the status bar is red, you should not disconnect the Ethernet cable from the
radio, nor should you remove power from the radio.
9. After the radio's configuration settings have been retrieved, the radio is shown as being online.
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10.The radio configuration panel is displayed. At this point you can use ENCOM PULSE Link to
manage your radio.
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Connecting to a 5000 Series Radio
To connect to a 5000 series radio in which a 5000 series adapter card has been installed:
1. Run the ENCOM PULSE Link application on your computer.
2. The Status Bar at the top right-hand corner of the application's window will prompt you to
connect to a radio.
3. Power the 5000 series radio with the provided wall mount power adapter, and then connect
the radio to your computer using a serial or serial-to-USB adapter cable.
4. Click the Connect to serial device button at the left of the status bar.
5. The Connect to device serial port form is displayed.
6. Select the serial communications port to which the radio is connected, and then click the
Connect button.
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7. ENCOM PULSE Link will detect the radio and attempt to communicate with it.
8. When PULSE Link is able to communicate with the radio, it will automatically retrieve its
configuration settings.
Note that when the status bar is red, you should not disconnect the serial cable from the
radio, nor should you remove power from the radio. Doing so could prevent the radio from
being able to communicate properly over the serial port (or the FSK port for FSK radios). If
this happens, you may have to use PULSE Link again to restore the radio's configuration.
9. If a product code has not yet been assigned to the 5000 series adapter card, you will be
prompted to do so:
Refer to the Setting the 5000 Series Radio Product Code topic for instructions on setting the
product code.
10.After the radio's configuration settings have been retrieved, the radio is shown as being online.
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11.The radio configuration panel is displayed. At this point you can use ENCOM PULSE Link to
manage your radio.
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Setting the 5000 Series Radio Product Code
When you connect to a 5000 series radio in which a 5000 series adapter card has been installed,
you will be prompted to assign a product type to the adapter card. To following steps describe the
process of assigned the product type:
1. Run the ENCOM PULSE Link application on your computer.
2. Connect to the 5000 series radio using a serial or serial-to-USB cable.
3. After the radio is discovered, you will be prompted to assign a product type:
4. Click the Yes button to proceed.
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5. The Set product type wizard will be displayed:
6. Select the model associated with your 5000 series radio. The model name is normally found
on the front of the radio. Make sure that you choose the correct model, otherwise the radio
may not operate properly.
7. Press Next to continue.
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The wizard will display a progress bar while the radio is configured.
8. After the radio is configured, the wizard will display the following report:
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9. Click Finish to return to the main window.
10.PULSE Link will retrieve the radio's new configuration, and show the radio as being on-line.
11.The radio configuration panel is displayed. At this point you can use ENCOM PULSE Link to
manage your radio.
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User Interface
The following screen shot shows the main window of a typical ENCOM PULSE Link session:
The main features of the PULSE Link user interface include:
A Menu Bar at the top of the window that allows you to access the application's less-frequently
used features.
A Status Bar that displays the current state of the application.
An Options List that allows you to choose the task you want to carry out.
A Workspace that contains the user interface associated with the currently selected option.
Depending on the type of radio connected to PULSE Link, one of more of the following options
are available:
Settings
Signal Strength
Poll Test
Spectrum Scan
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Menu Bar
The main menu bar provides access to the less-frequently used ENCOM PULSE Link functions.
The following options are available:
File Menu
Exit
Radio Menu
Upgrade
Recover
Restore to Factory Defaults
Tools Menu
Demo Mode
Help Menu
Topics
About
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File Menu Functions
Exit
Select Exit from the File menu to shut down ENCOM PULSE Link.
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Radio Menu Functions
Upgrade
Select Upgrade from the Radio menu to upgrade (or downgrade) the radio's firmware.
The upgrade processes for PULSE and iPULSE radios are significantly different. Refer to the
appropriate topic for the type of radio you are upgrading:
Upgrading a PULSE Radio
Upgrading an iPULSE Radio
Upgrading a 5000 Series Radio
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Upgrading a PULSE Radio
To upgrade a PULSE radio's firmware:
1. Make sure that the radio is powered, and then connect it to your computer via the USB cable.
2. Wait until PULSE Link has retrieved the radio's configuration settings.
3. Select Upgrade from the Radio menu. The Firmware upgrade wizard form is displayed:
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4. Check the I have read and understand the preceding warning option, and then click Next
to continue.
The wizard will display a list of all firmware available for upgrading or downgrading.
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5. Select the firmware version you want to upgrade or downgrade to. Unless instructed to do so,
you should always upgrade to the latest firmware version. Click Next to continue:
The wizard will display a progress bar while the radio is upgraded.
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6. When the upgrade process is complete, the wizard will display the following report:
7. Your radio is now upgraded and ready to use. Click Finish to return to the main window.
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Upgrading an iPULSE Radio
To upgrade an iPULSE radio's firmware:
1. Connect to the iPULSE radio as described in the Connecting to an iPULSE Radio topic.
2. Select Upgrade from the Radio menu. The Firmware upgrade wizard form is displayed:
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3. Check the I have read and understand the preceding warning option, and then click Next
to continue.
The wizard will display a list of all firmware available for upgrading. Note that downgrading is
not currently allowed for iPULSE radios.
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4. Select the firmware version you want to upgrade to. Unless instructed to do so, you should
always upgrade to the latest firmware version. Click Next to continue:
The wizard will display an activity bar while the radio is upgraded. Note that it can can take up
to 5 minutes to complete a firmware upgrade.
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5. When the upgrade process is complete, the wizard will display the following report:
6. Your radio is now upgraded and ready to use. Click Finish to return to the main window.
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Upgrading a 5000 Series Radio
To upgrade a 5000 series radio in which a 5000 series adapter card has been installed:
1. Make sure that the radio is powered, and then connect it to your computer via a serial or
serial-to-USB cable.
2. Click the Connect to serial device button at the left of the status bar.
3. The Connect to device serial port form is displayed.
4. Select the communications port to which the radio is connected, and then click the Connect
button.
5. Wait until PULSE Link has retrieved the radio's configuration settings.
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6. Select Upgrade from the Radio menu. The Firmware upgrade wizard form is displayed:
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7. Check the I have read and understand the preceding warning option, and then click Next
to continue.
The wizard will display a list of all firmware available for upgrading or downgrading.
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8. Select the firmware version you want to upgrade or downgrade to. Unless instructed to do so,
you should always upgrade to the latest firmware version. Click Next to continue:
The wizard will display a progress bar while the radio is upgraded.
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9. When the upgrade process is complete, the wizard will display the following report:
10.Your radio is now upgraded and ready to use. Click Finish to return to the main window.
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Recover
Select Recover from the Radio menu to restore a PULSE of 5000 series radio after a failed
firmware upgrade. Depending on the problem with the firmware, PULSE Link may not be able to
communicate with the radio. If this occurs, the application will cycle through all possible combination
of baud rates and serial settings in an attempt to communicate with it. Recovering the radio may fix
this issue if it occurs.
Note that it is not possible to recover an iPULSE radio if a firmware upgrade fails. If the radio no
longer works after a firmware upgrade, it will have to be sent back to ENCOM for repair.
Refer to the following topic for instructions on recovering a PULSE or 5000 series radio:
Recovering a PULSE Radio
Recovering a 5000 Series Radio
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Recovering a PULSE Radio
To recover a PULSE radio:
1. Make sure that the radio is powered, and then connect it to your computer via the USB cable.
2. Select Recover from the Radio menu. The Radio recovery wizard form is displayed:
3. Check the I have read and understand the preceding warning option, and then click Next
to continue.
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The wizard will display the type of products that are supported by PULSE Link.
4. Select the PULSE radio option, then then click Next to continue.
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The wizard will display the list of PULSE radios that are supported by PULSE Link.
When an upgrade fails, the radio loses its identity. In order to recover it, you must select the
appropriate model from the list. The model name is normally found on the front panel of the radio.
Make sure that you choose the correct model, otherwise the radio may not operate properly.
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5. Select the appropriate radio model, and press Next to continue.
The wizard will prompt you to disconnect all cables from the radio.
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6. After you have disconnected both cables, press Next.
A countdown timer will be displayed. The radio must be powered off for at least 60 seconds
before proceeding.
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7. When the timer expires, the wizard will prompt you to plug in the USB cable.
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8. Plug in the USB cable. A second countdown timer will be displayed. Again, wait until the timer
expires before proceeding.
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9. When the timer expires, the wizard will prompt you to plug in the power cable.
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10.Plug in the power cable. The recovery process will start automatically.
The wizard will display a progress bar while the radio is loaded with the firmware.
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11.When the recovery process is complete, the wizard will display the following report:
12.Your radio is now recovered and ready to use. Click Finish to return to the main window.
If you recover a radio that contains an ECN-900 radio module, you will be asked to
repeat steps 5 to 10.
The latest available version of the radio firmware will be installed when a radio is
recovered.
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Recovering a 5000 Series Radio
To recover a 5000 series radio in which a 5000 series adapter card has been installed:
1. Make sure that the radio is powered, and then connect it to your computer via a serial or
serial-to-USB cable.
2. Select Recover from the Radio menu. The Radio recovery wizard form is displayed:
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3. Check the I have read and understand the preceding warning option, and then click Next
to continue.
The wizard will display the type of products that are supported by PULSE Link.
4. Select the 5000 Series Adapter Board option, then then click Next to continue.
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The wizard will display the list of 5000 series radios that are supported by PULSE Link.
When an upgrade fails, the radio loses its identity. In order to recover it, you must select the
appropriate model from the list. The model name is normally found on the front panel of the radio.
Make sure that you choose the correct model, otherwise the radio may not operate properly.
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5. Select the appropriate radio model, and press Next to continue.
The wizard will display the list of serial ports available on your computer.
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6. Select the serial port to which the radio is connected, and press Next to continue.
The wizard will prompt you to unplug the power cable from the radio.
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7. After you have disconnected the power cable, press Next.
The wizard will prompt you to plug the power cable back in the radio.
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8. After you have plugged the power cable back in, press Next.
The radio should be detected, and the recovery process will start:
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9. When the recovery process is complete, the wizard will display the following report:
10.Your radio is now recovered and ready to use. Click Finish to return to the main window.
The latest available version of the radio firmware will be installed when a radio is
recovered.
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Restore to Factory Defaults
Select Restore to Factory Defaults from the Radio menu to restore the configuration of a radio to
its factory default state.
The status indicator will display a message while the radio's configuration settings are being reset.
Note that when the status bar is red, you should not disconnect the USB, serial or Ethernet cable
from the radio, nor should you remove power from the radio.
When restoring an iPULSE radio to factory defaults, the existing IP address,
network mask and default gateway settings will not be disturbed in order to prevent
loss of communication with the radio.
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Tools Menu Functions
Demo Mode
Demo mode allows you to use the ENCOM PULSE Link application without being connected to a
physical radio. It is useful for learning and evaluation purposes.
To activate demo mode:
1. Make sure that ENCOM PULSE Link is NOT connected a radio.
2. Select Demo Mode from the Tools menu. The Select device to demo form is displayed.
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3. Select the type of device you want to demo, and then click the Next button. The list of
available device models is displayed:
4. Select the radio model you want to demo, and press OK to continue.
ENCOM PULSE Link will simulate the operation of acquiring the settings from the radio.
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The settings for the selected radio model are then displayed in the application's main window:
5. At this point, you can carry out any function that can be used with a physical radio.
ENCOM PULSE Link will simulate the operations you carry out to mimic physical radios as
closely as possible (including the amount of time it takes to perform the various tasks).
6. To exit demo mode, select Demo Mode from the Tools menu again.
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Help Menu Functions
Topics
Select Topics from the Help menu to display the ENCOM PULSE Link on-line help.
About
Select About from the Help menu to display information about the ENCOM PULSE Link application.
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Status Bar
The status bar provides feedback on the current state of the PULSE Link application. It also
contains a number of buttons that allow you to search for radios, and specify the communication
parameters to use when communicating with a serial radio.
The following table briefly describes the items found in the status bar.
Item
Description
Search for iPULSE devices button.
Display a form that allows you to search for
and select an iPULSE device.
See the Search for iPULSE Devices Button
topic for more information.
Detect USB devices button.
Resumes the detection of USB-based PULSE
devices.
See Detect USB Devices Button topic for
more information.
Connect to serial device button.
Allows you to connect to a serial port based
device, such as a 5000 series radio in which
a 5000 series adapter board has been
installed.
See the Connect to serial device button topic
for more information.
USB serial port settings button.
Allows you to set the serial port settings that
ENCOM PULSE Link will use to communicate
with a PULSE radio.
See the USB Serial Port Settings Button topic
for more information.
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Status information panel.
Provides feedback on the current state of the
ENCOM PULSE Link application
See the Status Information Panel topic for
more information.
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Search for iPULSE Radios Button
Click the Search for iPULSE devices button,
display the iPULSE Radios form:
, at the left of the status information panel to
The iPULSE Radios form displays the iPULSE radios that are active on your local network. To load
the configuration associated a specific radio, perform one of the following:
Click the left mouse button on a radio that is available, and then click the Select button.
Double-click the left mouse button on a radio that is available.
Refer to the Connecting to an iPULSE Radio topic for detailed information on the iPULSE Radios
form.
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Detect USB Devices Button
Click the Detect USB devices button,
, at the left of the status information panel to re-enable
the process that detects USB-based PULSE radios.
When an iPULSE radio configuration is loaded into the PULSE Link application, the process that
detects USB-based PULSE radios is disabled.
When you are done working with iPULSE radios, and wish to connect to a USB-based PULSE
radio, simply click on the Detect USB devices button.
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Connect to serial device button
Click the Connect to serial device button,
connect to a serial port based radio.
, at the left of the status information panel to
When you click on the Connect to serial device button, the Connect to device serial port form is
displayed.
Select the serial communications port to which the radio is connected, and then click the Connect
button.
ENCOM PULSE Link will then connect to the radio and load its configuration.
Refer to the Connecting to a 5000 Series Radio topic for detailed information on connecting to a
serial radio.
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USB Serial Port Settings Button
Click the USB Serial Port Settings button,
, at the left of the status information panel to
configure the serial port that ENCOM PULSE Link will use to communicate with a PULSE radio.
To change the serial communication settings:
1. While ENCOM PULSE Link is not currently connected to a PULSE radio, click the USB
Serial Port Settings button. (You can also do this while PULSE Link is searching for the
communication settings of a PULSE radio that is plugged into the USB port). The USB Serial
Port Settings form is displayed.
2. Change the settings to match your radio's currently configured serial port settings, and then
click OK.
3. ENCOM PULSE Link will attempt to use the specified settings to communicate with the radio.
If ENCOM PULSE Link can't communicate with the radio using the settings you
specify, it will keep trying to communicate using all possible combinations of
communication settings.
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Status Information Panel
The status information panel provides feedback on the current state of the ENCOM PULSE Link
application.
The spinner at the right of the status panel,
with a radio.
, indicates that the application is currently interacting
Under normal operation, the background of the status bar is white. When the application is
communicating with the radio, the background turns red.
When the background is red, you will not be able to shut down ENCOM PULSE Link. You should
refrain from powering off the radio or disconnecting the USB cable while the application is in this
state. Doing so when connected to a PULSE radio could prevent the radio from being able to
communicate properly over the serial port (or the FSK port for FSK radios). If this happens, you may
have to use PULSE Link to restore the radio's configuration.
The following table describes the messages that can be displayed in the status panel:
Message
Description
Attempting to communicate at 1200 Displayed when the application is attempting to
baud, 8N1
communicate with the radio.
Connect to radio using USB or
Ethernet cable
Displayed if there is no radio connected to your computer.
Could not communicate with radio
ENCOM PULSE Link was able to detect the radio, but was
not able to communicate with it.
Use a USB cable connect to a PULSE radio, and an
Ethernet cable to connect to an iPULSE radio.
This error normally indicates that another application is
using the USB serial port used to communicate with a
PULSE radio.
It may also indicate a hardware problem with the radio, or a
radio that was not designed to be used with ENCOM PULSE
Link.
Could not get radio settings, please
try again
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An error occurred trying to get the radio settings.
For PULSE radios, unplug the USB and power cables from
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the radio, wait a minute, and plug them back in. The radio
should be detected, and its configuration automatically
loaded.
For iPULSE radios, unplug the Ethernet and power cables
from the radio, wait a minute, plug them back in, click the
Search for iPULSE devices button, select the radio in the
iPulse Radios form, and click the Load button to load the
radio's configuration.
Contact your ENCOM customer service representative if the
problem persists.
Could not update radio settings,
please try again
An error occurred trying to update the radio settings.
For PULSE radios, unplug the USB and power cables from
the radio, wait a minute, plug them back in, wait for the
radio's configuration to be loaded, and then try again.
For iPULSE radios, unplug the Ethernet and power cables
from the radio, wait a minute, plug them back in, click the
Search for iPULSE devices button, select the radio in the
iPulse Radios form, click the Load button to load the radio's
configuration, and then try again.
Contact your ENCOM customer service representative if the
problem persists.
Demo mode
The application is currently running in demo mode.
Getting radio settings, please wait
Displayed while the application is getting the settings from
the radio. Do not disconnect the radio while the application
is in this state.
Incompatible radio found
ENCOM PULSE Link was able to communicate with the
radio, but determined that it is not able to support it.
You may need to upgrade to the latest version of ENCOM
PULSE Link, or use a different application that was designed
to support the radio.
iPULSE radio on-line (192.168.0.1)
The application is connected to an iPULSE radio that has
the specified IP address.
Multiple radios found, please unplug ENCOM PULSE Link can only manage one USB-based
all but one
PULSE radio at a time. Unplug all other PULSE radios in
order to proceed.
Radio detected, attempting to
communicate
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ENCOM PULSE Link has detected a radio on the USB port,
and is currently trying to communicate with it.
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Radio on-line
The application is connected to a PULSE radio, but is not
currently interacting with it.
Recovering radio
The Radio recovery wizard is currently active. See the
Radio -> Recover topic for more information.
Restoring radio to factory defaults,
please wait
Displayed while the radio's configuration is being restored to
factory defaults. Do not disconnect the radio while the
application is in this state.
Searching for iPULSE radios
The iPULSE Radios form is currently active, and ENCOM
PULSE Link is searching for iPULSE radios on the local
network.
Updating radio settings, please wait
Displayed while the application is updating the radio
settings. Do not disconnect the radio while the application is
in this state.
Upgrading radio
The Firmware upgrade wizard is currently active. See the
Radio -> Upgrade topic for more information.
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Options List
The options list allows you to access the various functions of ENCOM PULSE Link. Click on the
desired option to display the associated user interface in the PULSE Link workspace area.
Refer to the following topics for information on each of the options:
Settings Panel
Signal Strength Panel
Poll Test Panel
Spectrum Scan Panel
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Settings Panel
The Settings panel shows the configuration settings of the serial radio that is currently connected
to your computer.
The configuration settings are logically grouped using a tabbed interface. The following topics
describe the settings found in each tab:
Identification Tab
Wireless Tab
Network Tab
Serial Port Tab
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Identification Tab
The Identification tab displays information on the radio that is connected to your computer. It also
allows you to assign a friendly name to the radio.
The following screen shot shows the contents of the Identification tab for a typical serial radio.
The following tables describe the settings found in each group in the Identification tab.
Identification
Field Name
Description
Radio name
Enter a name used to identify the radio (up to a maximum of 15
characters for PULSE radios, and 50 characters for iPULSE radios).
New firmware
available
Indicates that new radio firmware is available. Click on this link to display
the Firmware upgrade wizard.
This indicator is not displayed if the radio's firmware is up to date.
Note that the indicator makes use of the firmware upgrade files that are
packaged with the ENCOM PULSE Link setup program. In order to
ensure that you have the latest firmware available, you should always
have the latest version of ENCOM PULSE Link installed.
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Radio Information
Field Name
Description
Product name
The serial radio's model name.
Description
A short description of the radio's features.
Radio picture
A picture of the radio.
If the picture does not match the radio that is connected to your computer,
the radio may not have been properly provisioned.
In this case, you can use the Radio -> Recover function to correct the
discrepancy.
Product code
Internal code used to identify the serial radio model.
ESN
The electronic serial number that uniquely identifies the radio module.
Ethernet tab
Displays information associated with the radio's Ethernet interface (for
iPULSE radios only):
Radio tab
Field Name
Description
Firmware code
Internal code used to identify the Ethernet
interface firmware.
Firmware version
Version of the Ethernet interface
firmware.
Hardware version
Version of the Ethernet interface
hardware.
Firmware date
The date at which the Ethernet interface
firmware was released.
Firmware time
The time at which the Ethernet interface
firmware was released.
Displays information associated with the radio's 900 MHz radio module:
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Field Name
Description
Radio code
Identifies the type of wireless module
embedded in the radio.
Bootloader version
Version of the radio's bootloader
firmware.
Firmware code
Internal code used to identify the radio
firmware.
Firmware version
Version of the radio's application
firmware.
Firmware date
The date at which the radio's application
firmware was released.
Firmware time
The time at which the radio's application
firmware was released.
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Wireless Tab
The Wireless tab allows you to modify the radio's wireless settings.
The following screen shot shows the contents of the Wireless tab for a typical serial radio.
The following tables describe the settings found in each group in the Wireless tab.
Radio Mode
Field Name
Description
Operating mode
Specify the role of the radio in the network.
Role
Description
Master
The master radio normally has a direct, wired
connection to a controller.
The master broadcasts data to the repeater
and remote radios that make up the rest of
the network.
It also collects the data transmitted by the
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remote and repeater radios, and forwards it to
the network operations center.
In any given network, there is only one
master.
Repeater
A repeater is used to extend the range of the
master radio. Several repeaters can be
chained together to span long distances.
The repeater can also be connected to a
controller via its serial or FSK port.
Remote
A remote is normally connected to a controller
via its serial or FSK port.
The remote communicates directly with the
master, or with the closest repeater.
Repeater in system
Set to Yes if one or more repeaters are present in your 900 MHz radio
network.
Note that this setting is only applicable to the master radio. It is not
displayed for the Repeater and Remote radios.
Primary hop pattern
ENCOM serial radios employ a frequency-hopping method of transmitting
data. The radio's carrier frequency changes periodically according to one
of 64 pseudo-random sequences.
In order for two radios to communicate with each other, they must be
assigned the same hop pattern.
In a network with no repeaters, all radios must be assigned the same
primary hop pattern.
In a network with repeaters, the master and the radios that communicate
directly with it must be assigned the same primary hop pattern.
The radios that communicate directly with a repeater are assigned a
primary hop pattern that matches the repeater's repeater hop pattern.
Refer to the PULSE Link Network Example topic for more information on
assigning primary hop patterns.
Repeater hop pattern
This option is only available on repeater radios. It defines the hop pattern
to use between a repeater and the radios that communicate directly with
it.
The repeater's repeater hop pattern must be different than its primary hop
pattern in order to prevent interference between the master-facing and
remote-facing sides of the connection.
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Refer to the PULSE Link Network Example topic for more information on
assigning secondary hop patterns.
Network Settings
Field Name
Description
Network address
In order for the radios in a network to communicate with each other, they
must be assigned the same network address.
If another ENCOM 900 MHz radio network was located next to an existing
network, and both networks were using the same network address, there
would be an opportunity for the two networks to interfere with each other.
To prevent this, each of these networks should be assigned different
network addresses.
Unit address
The unit address is used to identify the radios in the network. Each radio
in the network should be assigned a different number.
By convention, the master is assigned a network address of 0. The
remaining repeaters and remotes are assigned addresses between 1 and
254.
Radio Settings
Field Name
Description
Output power
Select the power at which the radio will transmit.
ENCOM 900 MHz serial radios have very sensitive receivers that can
operate at very low signal levels. It is recommended that the lowest power
output necessary for a reliable connection be used. This will help with
power consumption, and will prevent unnecessary interference with other
devices operating within the same frequency band.
To determine the optimum power output, you should use the Signal
Strength tool provided by ENCOM PULSE Link. Start with the highest
power level, and decrease it until the signal strengths shown are between
-40 and -90 dBm for both radios.
RF noise filter
The RF noise filter is used to improve radio performance when operating
in a noisy RF environment.
When enabled, the RF noise filter will introduce about 6 dB of loss in the
received signal strength. Because of this, the effective range of the radio
will be shortened.
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Security Settings
Field Name
Description
Security key
The security key is used to encrypt the communication between the
radios, rendering the network more secure.
In order for the radios in a network to communicate with each other, they
must be assigned the same security key.
A value between 0 and 2147483647 can be chosen.
For greater security, you should use a large number with randomly
assigned digits.
AES encryption
If enabled, industry standard 128-bit AES encryption is applied to the
communication between the radios. This provides the best network
security possible for PULSE devices, although there may be a decrease
in network performance.
This option is only available if the radio contains an ENC-901 (or newer)
radio module.
AES key
The sequence of characters used to encrypt the communication between
the radios.
For greatest security, enter a random collection of alphabetical, numeric
and punctuation characters.
This option is only available if the radio contains an ENC-901 (or newer)
radio module.
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Network Tab
The Network tab allows you to modify the settings associated with the radio's Ethernet port. This tab
is only displayed for iPULSE radios.
The following screen shot shows the contents of the Network tab for a typical iPULSE radio.
The following tables describe the settings found in each group in the Network tab.
Network Settings
Field Name
Description
Obtain an IP address
automatically (DHCP)
Select this option if a DHCP server is available on your radio network, and
you want the DHCP server to assign an IP address to the radio.
Using the DHCP option is not recommended for radios installed in the
field. The IP address assigned to the radio could change, or the DHCP
server could fail and become unavailable. Both of these issues could
cause loss of connectivity with the radio.
Specify a static IP
address
(recommended)
Select this option to manually assign the radio's IP address.
ENCOM recommends this option because it provides for a more stable
network.
Note: It is important that each radio in the network is assigned a different
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IP address. Network performance can suffer greatly if two or more radios
are assigned the same IP address.
IP address
Enter the IP address of the radio. This is an Internet Protocol version 4
(IPv4) address, specified in dotted notation, as shown in the following
example:
Network mask
Enter the network mask. This is an Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4)
address, specified in dotted notation, as shown in the following example:
Gateway address
Enter the IP address of the radio or router that allows the radio to connect
with devices that are outside of their local LAN or VLAN. This is an Internet
Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address, specified in dotted notation, as shown
in the following example:
Note that the default gateway's IP address must be in the same subnet as
the radio's IP address.
Serial Port Mode
Field Name
Description
Serial Mode
This option sets the protocol used by the iPULSE radio to communicate
with other devices (computer, iPULSE radio, TS1 terminal server, etc.)
via the Ethernet port. One of the following options can be selected:
Option
Description
P-MP Master
Mode
Allows the iPULSE radio to communicate
with an unlimited number of iPULSE radios
configured in P-MP Remote mode. The UDP
protocol is used for low latency serial data
transfer. This mode is extremely useful for
typical "polling" type protocols.
See the P-MP Master Mode topic for more
information.
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P-MP Remote
Mode
Works with conjunction with an iPULSE radio
configured in P-MP Master mode to provide
low latency serial data transfer using the
UDP protocol.
See the P-MP Remote Mode topic for more
information.
TCP Server
Mode
The radio waits for and accepts a connection
from a device or computer application
configured as a TCP client.
Up to four TCP clients can connect to a
single TCP server.
See the TCP Server Mode topic for more
information.
TCP Client
Mode
The radio initiates and maintains a
connection to a radio configured as a TCP
server.
The connection acts as a virtual wire
between two iPULSE networks.
See the TCP Client Mode topic for more
information.
TCP Client &
Server Mode
The radio can initiate a connection to, or
accept a connection request from, another
radio or computer that is configured in TCP
Client or TCP Server mode.
See the TCP Client & Server Mode topic for
more information.
VCOM UDP
Mode
This mode is used in conjunction with a UDP
based virtual COM port driver running on a
computer.
The iPULSE radio is connected to the
computer using its Ethernet interface, but
appears as a local, physical COM port to an
application running on the computer.
See the VCOM UDP Mode topic for more
information.
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The other fields that are displayed depend on the serial mode option that
is selected. Refer to the appropriate topics for information on the
configuration parameters associated with each option.
Login Credentials
Field Name
Description
User name
The user name used to login to the radio.
The default user name is admin.
Password
The password used to login to the radio.
The default password is admin.
Confirm password
The password used to login to the radio. This must match the value
entered in the Password field in order for the setting to be saved.
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P-MP Master Mode
The P-MP (point-to-multipoint) mode is used to bridge an unlimited number of PULSE radio
networks together. This allows serial devices from different PULSE networks to talk to each other
via an Ethernet network. Data is transferred using low-latency UDP packets, making the solution
ideal for polling applications.
The following diagram shows a typical context in which an iPULSE radio configured as a P-MP
Master is used.
In this scenario, serial data from the application running on the computer is sent to an existing
PULSE radio (PULSE radio 1), that relays the data to iPULSE radio 1. iPULSE radio 1, configured
as a P-MP Master, encapsulates this data in UDP packets that are broadcast to the iPULSE radios
configured as P-MP Remotes (iPULSE radio 2 and iPULSE radio 3). The P-MP remotes in turn
relay the data to the PULSE radios in their respective networks.
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The following table describes the settings associated with the P-MP Master mode.
Field Name
Description
Multicast IP address
Enter a multicast address to which UDP packets will be sent. This is an
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address, specified in dotted notation, as
shown in the following example:
Set the Multicast IP address setting of the P-MP remote radios to this
value.
Valid multicast addresses are in the range of 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.255.
The default address is 224.1.1.3.
Multicast port
Enter the port to which the multicast UDP packets will be sent.
Set the Multicast port setting of the P-MP remote radios to this value.
The default multicast port is 20001.
Listening port
Enter the port on which to listen for UDP packets coming from the remote
radios.
Set the Remote port setting of the P-MP remote radios to this value.
The default listening port is 20011.
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P-MP Remote Mode
The P-MP (point-to-multipoint) mode is used to bridge an unlimited number of PULSE radio
networks together. This allows serial devices from different PULSE networks to talk to each other
via an Ethernet network. Data is transferred using low-latency UDP packets, making the solution
ideal for polling applications.
The following diagram shows a typical context in which iPULSE radios configured as a P-MP
Remotes are used.
In this scenario, data coming from the serial devices in PULSE radio networks 2 and 3 are sent to
iPULSE radio 2 and 3 respectively. iPULSE radio 2 and 3 are configured to relay this data,
encapsulated in UDP packets, to iPULSE radio 1, that is configured as the P-MP Master. iPULSE
radio 1 in turn relays the serial data to PULSE radio network 1, where it eventually reaches the
application running on the computer.
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The following table describes the settings associated with the P-MP Remote mode.
Field Name
Description
Remote IP address
Enter the IP address of the P-MP Master radio to which the P-MP Remote
reports. The P-MP Remote radio will automatically send data received
from its associated PULSE radio network to the P-MP Master.
The is an Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address, specified in dotted
notation, as shown in the following example:
Remote port
Enter the UDP port to which data received from the P-MP Remote radio's
associated PULSE radio network will be sent.
Set this value to the Listening port setting of the P-MP Master radio.
The default listening port is 20011.
Multicast IP address
Enter the multicast address that the P-MP Remote radio listens to. This is
an Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address, specified in dotted notation,
as shown in the following example:
Set this value to the Multicast IP address setting of the P-MP Master
radio.
Valid multicast addresses are in the range of 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.255.
The default address is 224.1.1.3.
Multicast port
Enter the UDP port on which the P-MP Remote listens for multicast
packets.
Set this value to the Multicast port setting of the P-MP Master radio.
The default multicast port is 20001.
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TCP Server Mode
The TCP Server mode is used to provide error-free communications between TCP clients, such as
an application running on a computer, and serial devices found in a PULSE radio network. The TCP
clients are connected to the iPULSE radios using a direct Ethernet connection. Up to four
concurrent client connections are supported by each iPULSE radio.
The following diagram shows a typical context in which an iPULSE radio configured as a TCP
Server is used.
In this scenario, an application running on a computer needs access to the serial devices in PULSE
radio networks 1 and 2. The computer is connected to the iPULSE radios via their Ethernet ports.
iPULSE radio 1 provides access to PULSE radio network 1, and iPULSE radio 2 provides access to
PULSE radio network 2. The iPULSE radios are always listening for connection requests from a
TCP client. The application running on the computer initiates separate TCP connections to the
iPULSE radios as required. When a TCP connection is established, data can be sent to, and
received from, the serial devices in the PULSE radio networks.
Note that in this scenario, it is not possible for a serial device in PULSE radio network 1 to
communicate with a serial device in PULSE radio network 2 (and vice-versa).
The following table describes the settings associated with the TCP Server mode.
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Field Name
Description
Listening port
Enter the TCP port on which the radio will listen for incoming connection
requests.
The default listening port is 20011.
In-connection timeout
Enter the maximum amount of time, in seconds, to keep a connection
active while it is idle (no data is being transferred). If this timeout is
exceeded, the connection is dropped.
The default in-connection timeout is 300 seconds.
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TCP Client Mode
The TCP client/server mode is used to bridge two or more PULSE radio networks together. This
allows serial devices from different PULSE networks to talk to each other via an Ethernet network.
The following diagram shows a typical context in which iPULSE radios configured as TCP Clients
are used.
In this scenario, the radios configured as TCP client radios (iPULSE radio 2 and iPULSE radio 3)
establish a connection to the radio configured as a TCP Server (iPULSE radio 1) when data is
received from their respective PULSE radio networks. When the connection is established, any data
received from the client PULSE radio networks is passed on to the TCP Server, that forwards the
data to PULSE radio network 1.
Note that in this scenario, it is not possible for a serial device in PULSE radio network 2 to
communicate with a serial device in PULSE radio network 3 (and vice-versa).
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The following table describes the settings associated with the TCP Client mode.
Field Name
Description
Remote server IP
Enter the IP address of the TCP Server to which data received from the
client PULSE radio network will be sent.
This is an Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address, specified in dotted
notation, as shown in the following example:
Remote server port
Enter the TCP port to which the data received from the client PULSE
radio network will be sent.
Set this value to the Listening port setting of the TCP Server radio.
The default server port is 20011.
Out-connection
timeout
Enter the maximum amount of time, in seconds, to keep the connection
active while it is idle (no data is being transferred). If this timeout is
exceeded, the connection is dropped.
The default in-connection timeout is 60 seconds.
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TCP Client & Server Mode
The TCP client/server mode is used to bridge two PULSE radio networks together. This allows
serial devices from different PULSE networks to talk to each other via an Ethernet network. A semipersistent TCP connection is established between two client/server radios that provides an efficient
mechanism for transferring large quantities of data.
The following diagram shows a typical context in which two iPULSE radios configured in TCP
Client/Server mode are used.
In this scenario, either of the TCP Client/Server radios can establish a connection to the other radio
when data is received from their respective PULSE radio networks. When a connection is
established, any data received by either of the iPULSE radios is passed on to the other radio. A
serial device from either PULSE network can communicate with a serial device from the other
PULSE network. As well, applications running on a computer that is connected to the Ethernet
network can access all of the serial devices in the two PULSE networks.
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The following table describes the settings associated with the TCP Client/Server mode.
Field Name
Description
Remote server IP
Enter the IP address of the other TCP Client/Server radio.
The is an Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address, specified in dotted
notation, as shown in the following example:
Remote server port
Enter the TCP port to which the data received from the associated
PULSE radio network will be sent.
Set this value to the Listening port setting of the other TCP Client/Server
radio.
The default server port is 20011.
Out-connection
timeout
Enter the maximum amount of time, in seconds, to keep the connection
initiated by this radio active while it is idle (no data is being transferred). If
this timeout is exceeded, the connection is dropped.
The default in-connection timeout is 60 seconds.
Listening port
Enter the TCP port on which the radio will listen for incoming connection
requests from the other radio.
The default listening port is 20011.
In-connection timeout
Enter the maximum amount of time, in seconds, to keep the connection
initiated by the other radio active while it is idle (no data is being
transferred). If this timeout is exceeded, the connection is dropped.
The default in-connection timeout is 300 seconds.
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VCOM UDP Mode
The VCOM UDP mode allows a control or monitoring application that normally requires a physical
serial port to communicate with the radio network using an Ethernet cable.
The following diagram shows a typical context in which an iPULSE radio configured in VCOM UDP
mode is used.
In this scenario, a virtual COM port driver is used to create a virtual COM port that looks like a local,
physical COM port to the application running on the computer. The virtual COM port is configured to
send data to the iPULSE radio at a specific IP address, and to a specific UDP port. Any data sent by
the application to the virtual COM port is automatically passed on to the PULSE radio network by the
iPULSE radio. Conversely, any data received from the PULSE radio network is forwarded to the
virtual COM port by the iPULSE radio.
The following table describes the settings associated with the VCOM UDP mode.
Field Name
Description
UDP listening port
Enter the UDP port on which the iPULSE radio will listen for incoming
data from the virtual COM port driver.
Data received from the PULSE radio network will be sent to the virtual
COM driver on the same port number specified by the UDP listening
port setting (i.e. the virtual COM port driver will be listening on the same
port that the iPULSE radio is listening on).
The default listening port is 2101.
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Serial Port Tab
The Serial Port tab allows you to modify the radio's controller port settings.
Due to differences in the physical interface, radios that have an FSK interface will have different port
settings than radios that have an RS-232 style interface.
Refer to the following topics for more information on the port settings of the radio your are using:
FSK Radio Settings
RS-232 Radio Settings
iPULSE Radio Settings
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FSK Radio Serial Port Settings
The following screen shot shows the contents of the Serial Port tab for a radio with an FSK
interface.
The following tables describe the settings found in each group in the Serial Port tab.
Communication Settings
Field Name
Description
Mode
The mode in which the physical port operates. One of the following
options can be used:
Mode
Description
FSK (2 wire)
A single pair of wires is used for both
transmitting and receiving characters.
Supports half-duplex operation.
FSK (4 wire)
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another pair of wires is used to receive.
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Supports full-duplex operation.
Baud rate
The signaling rate to use when communicating with the device attached
to the FSK connector. FSK radios are limited to 1200 baud.
Data bits
The number of data bits to use when communicating with the device
attached to the FSK connector.
Parity
The type of parity to use when communicating with the device attached to
the FSK connector.
Stop Bits
The number of stop bits to use when communicating with the device
attached to the FSK connector.
Output Data Framing
Field Name
Description
FSK carrier mode
This option controls the data output to the device attached to the FSK
connector.
Mode
Description
Key on data
The carrier is only turned on when data is
being transmitted to the device attached
to the FSK connector.
The Carrier on delay (T1) and Carrier
off delay (T2) times are used to frame
the data being transmitted.
Continuous key
The carrier is always on.
This option is only available when the port
mode is set to FSK (4 wire).
Carrier on delay (T1)
The amount of time, in milliseconds, to wait before transmitting data (after
the carrier is turned on).
Carrier off delay (T2)
The amount of time, in milliseconds, to wait before turning off the carrier
(after the last character has been transmitted).
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RS-232 Radio Serial Port Settings
The following screen shot shows the contents of the Serial Port tab for a radio with an RS-232
interface.
The following tables describe the settings found in each group in the Serial Port tab.
Communication Settings
Field Name
Description
Mode
The mode in which the physical port operates.
Baud rate
The signaling rate to use when communicating with the device connected
to the serial port.
Data bits
The number of data bits to use when communicating with the device
connected to the serial port.
Parity
The type of parity to use when communicating with the device connected
to the serial port.
Stop Bits
The number of stop bits to use when communicating with the device
connected to the serial port.
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Handshaking
The type of handshaking to use when communicating with the device
connected to the serial port.
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Handshaking
Description
None (always high)
No handshaking is used. The radio's CTS
line is always asserted.
Hardware
Standard RTS/CTS handshaking is used.
RTS/CTS input
framing
The radio transmits data only when the
radio's RTS line is asserted.
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iPULSE Radio Serial Port Settings
The following screen shot shows the contents of the Serial Port tab for an iPULSE radio.
The following tables describe the settings found in each group in the Serial Port tab.
Communication Settings
Field Name
Description
Mode
The mode in which the physical port operates.
Baud rate
The signaling rate to use when communicating with the device connected
to the serial port.
Data bits
The number of data bits to use when communicating with the device
connected to the serial port.
iPULSE radios only support 8 data bits.
Parity
The type of parity to use when communicating with the device connected
to the serial port.
Stop Bits
The number of stop bits to use when communicating with the device
connected to the serial port.
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If the Parity setting is set to None, 1 or 2 stop bits can be specified.
If the Parity setting is set to Odd or Even, only 1 stop bit is available.
Handshaking
The type of handshaking to use when communicating with the device
connected to the serial port.
iPULSE radios don't support handshaking. Only the RX and TX lines are
connected to the serial port.
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Export Button
The Export function is used to save the radio settings to a configuration profile file. This allows you
to:
Make a backup copy of the radio's configuration.
Save the radio's configuration to a profile file for use as a template in configuring other radios.
To export a radio's configuration:
1. Click on the Export button at the bottom of the Settings panel. The Save radio configuration
to profile file form is displayed:
2. Specify the name of the file you want to save the radio's configuration settings to, and then
click Save to save the settings.
By default, ENCOM PULSE Link saves configuration profile files in the 'My
Documents\Encom Wireless\Encom PULSE Link\Profiles' folder.
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Import Button
The Import function allows you to update the radio's settings from a previously saved configuration
profile file. This function allows you to:
Restore the radio's configuration from a backup file. This can be useful when you have to
replace a radio in the field.
Apply the settings from one radio to another. This can be used to provision new radios quickly,
and ensure that they are compatible with other radios in the network.
To configure a radio using a saved profile file:
1. Click on the Import button at the bottom of the Settings panel. The following menu is
displayed:
The Custom Profile item allows you to choose a profile file that you created using the Export
button.
The ENCOM Profile item allows you to choose from a list of configuration profiles provided
by ENCOM. These profiles are typically used to facilitate communication with specific traffic
controllers.
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2. After selecting the Standard or ENCOM profile option, the Load radio configuration from
profile file form is displayed:
3. Select the configuration profile you want to import, and click Open.
4. The radio settings will be updated to reflect the contents of the profile file.
5. Note that importing the profile will only update the settings in the PULSE Link Settings panel.
To update the radio, you must save the configuration to the radio using the Save button.
You can only import profiles that were exported from a radio that is of the same
family as the radio you are importing into.
In other words, you can only import a PULSE radio profile into a PULSE radio, and
an iPULSE radio profile into an iPULSE radio.
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Save Button
The Save function allows you to save changes you have made to the radio's settings.
To save the changes:
1. Click on the Save button at the bottom of the Settings panel.
2. The Status Panel will indicate that the settings are being saved to the radio.
3. After the settings has been saved, the application will go back to the idle state.
Reset Button
The Reset function allows you to reset any changes you have made in the Settings panel.
To reset the changes:
1. Click on the Reset button at the bottom of the Settings panel.
2. The content of the Settings panel will be reset to reflect the radio's current configuration.
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Signal Strength Panel
The Signal Strength panel allows you to monitor the received signal strengths between two radios. It
can also be used to adjust the output power of the radios, allowing you to pick the optimum balance
between power consumption and wireless connection reliability.
The following screen shot shows the Signal Strength panel.
Refer to the following topics for information on the Signal Strength panel.
Signal Strength Toolbar
Signal Strength Meter
Using the Signal Strength Panel
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Signal Strength Toolbar
The Signal Strength toolbar allows you to manage a signal strength monitoring session.
The following table describes the items found in the Signal Strength toolbar:
Item Name
Description
Start
Click the Start button to start a signal strength monitoring session.
Stop
Click the Stop button to stop an active signal strength monitoring session.
Start radio address
Specify the Unit Address of the first radio to monitor.
The Unit Address is configured in the Wireless tab of the Settings panel.
End radio address
Specify the Unit Address of the second radio to monitor. In order for the
results to be meaningful, the end radio should be in direct communication
with the start radio (i.e. there is no repeater between the two radios).
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Signal Strength Meter
The following screen shot shows an individual signal strength meter.
The following table describes the components of the signal strength meter.
Item Name
Description
Title
Indicates the radio that is being monitored.
The Start Radio meter will show the signal strength of the signal received
from the end radio.
The End Radio meter will show the signal strength of the signal received
from the start radio.
Meter
The meter shows the current received signal strength in dBm (the power
ratio in decibels referenced to one milliwatt).
Output (mW)
Shows the current power level setting of the associated radio.
You can use the slider to change the power level of the radio. A change in
the start radio's power level will affect the received signal strength of the
end radio, and vice versa.
For best results, you should adjust the output power levels so that both of
the radios are showing a signal strength value between -40 and -90 dBm.
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Using the Signal Strength Panel
The following diagram shows a typical radio network. A repeater is being used between the master
and remote radios because the distance between the master and the remote is too great for a
reliable connection.
The three radios have been provisioned with the settings shown in the following table.
Radio
Setting
Value
Primary hop pattern
0
Network address
0
Unit address
0
Security key
0
Primary hop pattern
0
Repeater hop pattern
1
Network address
0
Unit address
1
Security key
0
Primary hop pattern
1
Network address
0
Unit address
2
Master
Repeater
Remote
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Security key
0
The computer running PULSE Link is connected to the master radio.
To verify the signal strength between the radios, you would run two tests:
Test
Start radio address
End radio address
Master to Repeater
0
1
Repeater to Remote
1
2
There is no reason to test the signal strength between the master and the remote, since they are
not directly connected.
In both cases, try to adjust the output power level of each radio so that the received signal strength
for the other radio is between -40 and -90 dBm.
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Poll Test Panel
The Poll Test panel allows you to verify the reliability of the network by periodically sending packets
from the master to one or more radios in the network and verifying that the packets were received
by the radios.
The following screen shot shows the Poll Test panel.
Refer to the following topics for information on the Poll Test panel.
Poll Test Toolbar
Poll Test Report
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Poll Test Toolbar
The Poll Test toolbar allows you to manage a poll test session.
The following table describes the items found in the Poll Test toolbar:
Item Name
Description
Start
Click the Start button to start a poll test session.
Stop
Click the Stop button to stop an active poll test session.
Reset
Click the Reset button to reset the statistics during a poll test
session.
Packet size
Set the size of the packets that will be sent to the radios from the
master. On of the following options can be selected.
Option
Remote radio addresses
Packet Size
Short
3 bytes
Medium
64 bytes
Long
128 bytes
Specify one or more Unit Addresses to identify the radios that are
to participate in the poll test. You can specify the addresses in a
number of ways.
Format
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Example
Single address
1
Multiple addresses separated by
commas
1,2,4
Single range of addresses
1-4
Multiple ranges separated by
commas
1-4,6-8
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Poll Test Report
The poll test report area displays the results of the poll test. The following screen shot shows a
typical poll test report:
The following table describes the columns of the poll test report.
Column Name
Description
State
The state column shows the current state of the poll test for the
associated radio. The following table describes the colors used:
Color
State
The radio has not yet been polled.
The master radio's state is always gray, since it is not
polled (as it is actually doing the polling).
The radio has responded at least 90% of the poll
messages sent to it.
The radio has responded to at least 70%, but less than
90%, of the poll messages sent to it. The issues that are
causing the poll failures should be addressed.
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The radio has responded to less than 70% of the poll
messages sent to it. The issues that are causing the poll
failures should definitely be addressed.
The arrow indicator,
Network
, shows the radio that is currently being polled.
This column displays the network topology of the radios that are
participating in the poll test.
When the poll test is first started, all radios are displayed at the same
level in the network column:
As the radios respond to their polls, ENCOM PULSE Link is able to
determine their names, operating modes, and the radios to which they
report. The radio icons and names are updated, and the radios are
automatically moved to the appropriate location within the network
diagram:
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The following table describes the icons shown in the Network column:
Icon
Description
The radio is a master.
The radio is a remote.
The radio is a repeater.
The radio has not yet responded to the poll test.
Address
The radio's unit address.
Total
The total number of packets sent to the radio during the poll test session.
Successful
The number of packets to which the radio responded.
Percent
The percentage of packets to which the radio responded.
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Spectrum Scan Panel
The Spectrum Scan panel allows you to determine the amount of 900 MHz traffic that is in the
vicinity of the radio.
The following screen shot shows the Spectrum Scan panel.
The spectrum scan function is useful for site surveys (to determine if a location is suitable for
installing a radio). If the spectrum scan indicates that there is a large quantity of 900 MHz traffic in
the area, it would be wise to install the radio in a different location.
Refer to the following topics for information on the Spectrum Scan panel.
Spectrum Scan Toolbar
Spectrum Scan Graph
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Spectrum Scan Toolbar
The Spectrum Scan toolbar allows you to manage a spectrum scan session.
The following table describes the items found in the Spectrum Scan toolbar:
Item Name
Description
Start
Click the Start button to start a spectrum scan session.
Stop
Click the Stop button to stop an active spectrum scan session.
Copy
Click the Copy button to take a snapshot of the current spectrum
scan graph. The snapshot is placed in the Windows clipboard in
graphical format, and can be pasted in any application that accepts
bitmaps (such as Microsoft Paint, Microsoft Word, etc.).
Show Peak
Click the Show Peak button to display the aggregate of all spectrum
readings obtained from the radio. This is shown in light blue in the
Spectrum Scan graph.
Click the Show Peak button again to hide the aggregate spectrum
reading.
Reset Peak
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Click the Reset Peak button to clear the aggregate spectrum
reading.
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Spectrum Scan Graph
The Spectrum Scan graph shows the result of the spectrum scan carried out by the radio.
When a spectrum scan session is active, the radio is continuously polled for information regarding
the 900 MHz traffic that is in the vicinity of the radio. Blue bars in the graph are periodically updated
to show the current traffic encountered by the radio.
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If the Peak Hold button is active, the graph will show the aggregate of all spectrum readings
obtained from the radio in light blue.
The example shows a very noisy environment. You should avoid locating the radio
in places where there is continuous activity across the 900 MHz spectrum. It is
okay if the background activity is sporadic, or is clustered in a small range of the
spectrum. It is also okay if the background activity is very low level (less than -90
dBm).
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iPULSE Radios Form
The iPULSE Radios form allows you to connect to and manage your iPULSE radios.
To manage an iPULSE radio:
1. Run the ENCOM PULSE Link application on your computer.
2. Power the iPULSE radio with the provided wall mount power adapter, and then connect it to
your computer using an Ethernet cable.
3. Click the Search for iPULSE radios button at the left of the status bar.
4. The iPULSE Radios form is displayed.
While this form is visible, PULSE Link is actively searching for iPULSE radios. It will detect
and list all iPULSE radios that are connected to your local network. It will NOT detect an
iPULSE radio if there is a router between the radio and the computer running the PULSE Link
application.
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5. If you have just received your iPULSE radio from ENCOM, its default IP address may not be
compatible with your local network. In this case, a
indicator is shown at the left of radio's
MAC Address, and the Status column indicates that you must change the radio's IP address.
In order to connect to a radio that is unreachable, you will have to change it's IP address to a
compatible value. Refer to the Changing the IP Address of an iPULSE Radio topic for
information on changing the radio's IP address.
Refer to the following topics for more information on the functions available in the iPULSE Radios
form:
Changing the IP Address of an iPULSE Radio
Resetting an iPULSE Radio
Refreshing the iPULSE Radio List
Viewing or Changing the Settings of an iPULSE Radio
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Changing the IP Address of an iPULSE Radio
To change the address of an ENCOM iPULSE radio:
1. Select the appropriate radio in the iPULSE Radios form, and then click the Change IP
Address button. The Change IP Address form is displayed.
2. Enter the appropriate values in the IP address, Network mask and Gateway address fields,
and then click the OK button to save the new network settings to the radio. If you are not sure
what values to use, please contact your IT department for assistance.
Alternatively, you can use DHCP to assign an IP address to the radio. Select the Obtain an
IP address automatically option, and then click the OK button to save the network settings
to the radio. Note that this option only works if a DHCP server is active on your local network.
Using the DHCP option is not recommended for radios installed in the field. The IP address
assigned to the radio could change, or the DHCP server could fail and become unavailable.
Both of these issues could cause loss of connectivity with the radio.
3. While the IP address is being changed, a
indicator is shown at the left of the radio's MAC
Address, and the Status column indicates that the radio's network settings are being
updated.
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4. After the IP address has been successfully changed, the
indicator is shown at the left of
the radio's MAC Address, and the Status column indicates that the radio is available.
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Resettting an iPULSE Radio
Under certain circumstances, you may find that you are no longer able to communicate with an
iPULSE radio. If this happens, you may be able to restore communications by resetting the radio.
To reset an ENCOM iPULSE radio:
1. Select the appropriate radio in the iPULSE Radios form, and then click the Reset Device
button. You will be prompted for permission to reset the radio:
Click the Yes button to proceed.
2. While the radio is being reset, a
indicator is shown at the left of the radio's MAC Address,
and the Status column indicates that the radio is being reset.
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3. When a radio has been reset, its IP address is set to 192.168.0.1. If this address is not
compatible with your computer's network settings, PULSE Link will not be able to
communicate with the radio. In that case, a
indicator is shown at the left of the radio's MAC
Address, and the Status column indicates that the radio is unreachable.
If this occurs, change the radio's IP address to a compatible one using the Change IP
Address button.
4. If your computer's network address is compatible with the radio's IP address, the
indicator
is shown at the left of the radio's MAC Address, and the Status column indicates that the
radio is available.
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Refreshing the iPULSE Radio List
The iPULSE Radios form displays the list of all iPULSE radios discovered since the form was
displayed.
If you are configuring a large number of iPULSE radios for later deployment, the list can become
cluttered with radios that are no longer present. When a radio is no longer present, a
indicator is
shown at the left of radio's MAC Address, and the Status column indicates that the radio is offline.
To remove the radios that are no longer present, click the Refresh List button. The list is cleared,
and only the radio or radios that are currently connected your computer will return to the list.
Alternatively, you could simply close and redisplay the iPULSE Radios form.
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Viewing or Changing the Settings of an iPULSE Radio
To view or change the settings of an ENCOM iPULSE radio:
1. Select a radio that is currently available in the iPULSE Radios form.
2. Click the Select button. Alternatively, you can double-click the left mouse button on the item in the
radio list.
3. The status indicator will briefly display a message while the radio's configuration settings are
retrieved.
Note that when the status bar is red, you should not disconnect the Ethernet cable from the radio,
nor should you remove power from the radio.
4. After the radio's configuration settings have been retrieved, the radio is shown as being on-line.
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5. The radio configuration panel is displayed. At this point you can use ENCOM PULSE Link to
manage your radio.
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Chapter 4: PULSE Radio Network Example
This topic describes a typical scenario where PULSE radios are used to extend the reach of a
master controller.
The following diagram shows the radios found in the network:
For the sake of simplicity, only the master controller connected to the PULSE Master radio is
shown. It is assumed that local controllers are connected to the remaining radios in the system.
In order for the radios to be able to communicate with each other, they following configuration
parameters must be set to the same value for all radios:
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Security key
0
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To allow the Signal Strength and Poll Test functions to work properly, each radio must be assigned
a unique unit address. The PULSE Master is assigned a unit address of 0 by default. The remaining
radios are assigned unique unit addresses in the range of 1 to 254. The unit addresses assigned to
each radio in the diagram are shown in parentheses.
The Operating mode setting must be set according to the role of the radio in the system (master,
repeater or remote).
In order to establish the proper communication links, the appropriate hop patterns need to be
assigned to the radios. The following rules can be used to guide the assignment process:
In order for two radios to communicate with each other, they must be assigned the same hop
pattern.
The master and the radios that communicate directly with it must be assigned the same
Primary hop pattern.
The radios that communicate directly with a repeater are assigned a Primary hop pattern that
matches the repeater's Repeater hop pattern.
If the Primary hop pattern for a repeater is odd, its Repeater hop pattern should be set to an
even value, and vice-versa. (Odd and even hop patterns hop on different sets of frequencies,
and will not interfere with each other.)
The colored boxes in the diagram show the hop patterns assigned to the radios. In particular:
Radios 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 are assigned a Primary hop pattern of 1
Radio 3 is assigned a Repeater hop pattern of 2, and radio 5 is assigned a Primary hop
pattern of 2
Radio 4 is assigned a Repeater hop pattern of 4, and radio 6 is assigned a Primary hop
pattern of 4
Radio 6 is assigned a Repeater hop pattern of 3, and radios 7 and 8 are assigned a Primary
hop pattern of 3
The following topics show the detailed settings for each of the radios in the example:
PULSE Master (0) Configuration
PULSE Remote (1) Configuration
PULSE Remote (2) Configuration
PULSE Repeater (3) Configuration
PULSE Repeater (4) Configuration
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PULSE Remote (5) Configuration
PULSE Repeater (6) Configuration
PULSE Remote (7) Configuration
PULSE Remote (8) Configuration
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PULSE Master (0) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Master radio. The other
settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Master
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
1
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
(Not used - can be set to any value)
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
0
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Remote (1) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Remote radio with unit
address 1. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Remote
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
1
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
(Not used - can be set to any value)
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
1
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Remote (2) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Remote radio with unit
address 2. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Remote
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
1
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
(Not used - can be set to any value)
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
2
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Repeater (3) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Repeater radio with unit
address 3. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Repeater
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
1
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
2
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
3
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Repeater (4) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Repeater radio with unit
address 4. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Repeater
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
1
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
4
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
4
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Remote (5) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Remote radio with unit
address 5. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Remote
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
2
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
(Not used - can be set to any value)
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
5
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Repeater (6) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Repeater radio with unit
address 6. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Repeater
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
4
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
3
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
6
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Remote (7) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Remote radio with unit
address 7. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Remote
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
3
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
(Not used - can be set to any value)
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
7
Wireless
Security key
0
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PULSE Remote (8) Configuration
The following table shows the configuration settings required for the PULSE Remote radio with unit
address 8. The other settings do not affect the wireless network operation, and are not discussed in
this example.
Settings Tab Name
Setting Name
Value (for this example)
Wireless
Repeater in system
Yes
Wireless
Operating Mode
Remote
Wireless
Primary hop pattern
3
Wireless
Repeater hop pattern
(Not used - can be set to any value)
Wireless
Network address
0
Wireless
Unit address
8
Wireless
Security key
0
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