GeneAmp® PCR System 9600 - Artisan Technology Group

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GeneAmp® PCR System 9600
User’s Manual
Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com
© Copyright 2001, Applied Biosystems. All rights reserved.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Notice
AUTHORIZED THERMAL CYCLER NOTICE
This GeneAmp PCR System 9600 is an Authorized Thermal Cycler. Its purchase price includes the up-front fee component
of a license under the patents of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) process, which are owned by Roche Molecular
Systems, Inc. and F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., to practice the PCR process for internal research and development using this
instrument. The running royalty component of that license may be purchased from Applied Biosystems or obtained by
purchasing Authorized Reagents. This instrument is also an Authorized Thermal Cycler for use with applications licenses
available from Applied Biosystems. Its use with Authorized Reagents also provides a limited PCR license in accordance with
the label rights accompanying such reagents. Purchase of this product does not itself convey to the purchaser a complete
license or right to perform the PCR process. Further information on purchasing licenses to practice the PCR process may be
obtained by contacting the Director of Licensing at Applied Biosystems, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, California
94404.
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice.
APPLIED BIOSYSTEMS MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. APPLIED BIOSYSTEMS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS CONTAINED HEREIN
OR FOR INCIDENTAL CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING,
PERFORMANCE, OR USE OF THIS MATERIAL.
Release Information
Manual
Part No.
Manual
Version
Date
0993-8660
E
04/2001
Trademarks
Applied Biosystems and MicroAmp are registered trademarks of Applera Corporation or its subsidiaries in the U.S. and
certain other countries.
Epson is a trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
AmpliTaq, AmpliType, GeneAmplimer, AmpliWax, EnviroAmp, and Twelve Paq AmpliTaq are registered trademarks of
Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
GeneAmp is a registered trademark of Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
Registered trademarks, etc. used in this document, even when not specifically marked as such, are protected by law.
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Safety and Regulatory Information
S
Conventions Used in This Manual
! WARNING ! A warning indicates an operation that could
cause personal injury if precautions are not followed.
CAUTION A caution indicates an operation that could cause
instrument damage if precautions are not followed.
Note Notes emphasize significant information in a procedure or
description.
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Symbols and Conventions Used on the Instrument
There are three different types of warning symbols that appear
on the instrument.
This symbol indicates an operation (or condition on the
instrument) that could cause personal injury or instrument
damage if precautions are not followed. This can be any
type of hazard.
When you see this symbol, refer to the safety pages in the
manual for further information.
AVERTISSEMENT. Consulter les documents
d'accompagnement.
If there is a hazard of heat or electric shock, the following warning
symbols will appear on the instrument:
This symbol indicates the danger of burns, if precautions
are not followed, due to the presence of heat in this area of
the instrument. There may also be hot surfaces that can be
easily touched.
AVERTISSEMENT. Surface chaude.
This symbol indicates the danger of electric shock, if
precautions are not followed, due to the presence of high
voltage.
AVERTISSEMENT. Risque de choc électrique.
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Additional graphic symbols used on the instrument are the
following:
Indicates alternating current.
Indicates the primary protective grounding terminal.
Indicates the off position of the main power switch.
Indicates the on position of the main power switch.
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Warnings on the Instrument
The following sections present the warning labels affixed to the
instrument.
100, 120,
and 220/230
Volt Models
The following warning labels are affixed to the front, the left side
and the back of the instrument as shown in the figures on the
following pages for all three voltage models (100, 120, and
220/230).
Front of Instrument
! WARNING ! Hot Surface. Use care when working
around this area to avoid being burned by hot
components.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Surface chaude.
! WARNING ! To reduce the chance of electrical shock
do not remove covers that require tool access. No user
serviceable parts are inside. Refer servicing to Applied
Biosystems qualified service personnel.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Pour réduire le risque de chocs
électriques, ne pas ouvrir les couvercies si un outil est
nécessaire. Ne contient aucune pièce pouvant être
réparée par l'utilisateur. Confier le dépannage au
personnel qualifié de Applied Biosystems.
Left Side of Instrument
! WARNING ! For protection against fire hazard,
replace only with same type and rating of fuse.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Afin d'assurer la protection
contre les risques d'incendie, remplacer uniquement
par un fusible de même type et de même courant
nominal.
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Back of Instrument
! WARNING ! Grounding circuit continuity is vital for
safe operation of equipment. Never operate equipment
with grounding conductor disconnected.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Risque de choc électrique.
Pour un fonctionnement sans danger. Ne jamais utiliser
l'équipment si le fil de terre n'est pas raccordé.
! WARNING ! To avoid electrical shock, disconnect
power cord before servicing.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Pour éviter les chocs
électriques, débrancher le cordon d'alimentation avant
le dépannage.
CAUTIONThis unit contains protective circuitry.
Contact Applied Biosystems Service before performing
any AC line tests.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Cet appareil contient des
circuits de protection. Vérifier auprès de Applied
Biosystems avant d' effectuer des essais de secteur.
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! WARNING ! Hot Surface. Use care when working
around this area to avoid being burned by hot
components.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Surface chaude.
! WARNING ! To reduce the chance of electrical shock
do not remove covers that require tool access. No user
serviceable parts are inside. Refer servicing to Applied
Biosystems qualified service personnel.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Pour réduire le risque de chocs
électriques, ne pas ouvrir les couvercies si un outil est
nécessaire. Ne contient aucune pièce pouvant être
réparée par l'utilisateur. Confier le dépannage au
personnel qualifié de Applied Biosystems.
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! WARNING ! For protection against fire hazard,
replace only with same type and rating of fuse.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Afin d'assurer la protection
contre les risques d'incendie, remplacer uniquement
par un fusible de même type et de même courant
nominal.
LEFT SIDE
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! WARNING ! Grounding circuit continuity is vital for
safe operation of equipment. Never operate equipment
with grounding conductor disconnected.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Risque de choc électrique.
Pour un fonctionnement sans danger. Ne jamais utiliser
l'équipment si le fil de terre n'est pas raccordé.
! WARNING ! To avoid electrical shock, disconnect
power cord before servicing.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Pour éviter les chocs
électriques, débrancher le cordon d'alimentation avant
le dépannage.
CAUTIONThis unit contains protective circuitry.
Contact Applied Biosystems service before performing
any AC line tests.
! AVERTISSEMENT ! Cet appareil contient des
circuits de protection. Vérifier auprès de Applied
Biosystems avant d' effectuer des essais de secteur.
BACK VIEW
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Electrical Safety Testing
CAUTION Routine safety testing of analytical instruments (e.g.,
high potential voltage testing) may be required by various safety
agencies.
Testing should only be carried out by qualified personnel
after seeking advice from the Applied Biosystems Service
Department.
Internal AC line surge suppressors may need to be disconnected
before a test is performed. On completion of the tests, it is
essential to reconnect the surge components.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
United States (FCC)
This product is classified as a digital device used exclusively as
industrial, commercial, or medical test equipment. It is exempt
from the technical standards specified in Part 15 of the FCC
Rules and Regulations, based on Section 15.103 (c).
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Operating Precautions
This manual contains important information regarding potential
hazards that may arise during the operation of the instrument. It
is essential that this information is read and thoroughly
understood by all potential users of the instrument. This section
describes precautions that must be observed in order to assure
safe operation. If used otherwise, the protections provided by the
instrument can be impaired.
Sample Block Cover
CAUTION To protect your samples and to guarantee the best
temperature uniformity, keep the sample block cover closed at all
times, except when you are loading samples.
CAUTION To avoid damaging the sample block or heated cover,
make sure you turn the cover knob completely counterclockwise
before you try to move the heated cover either forward or
backward. The cover knob must be turned completely
counterclockwise to lift the heated plate from the sample block.
! WARNING ! During routine operation, do not lift the heated
cover. This will expose the surface of the sample block, which may
be hotter than 100 degrees Celsius. See Chapter 7 for cleaning
instructions.
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Instrument Cover
CAUTION This unit contains protective circuitry. Contact Applied
Biosystems before performing any AC line tests.
! WARNING ! To reduce the chance of electrical shock, do not
remove covers that require tool access. There are no
user-serviceable components inside the instrument. Refer
servicing to Applied Biosystems qualified service personnel.
Temperature, Humidity, and Environment
CAUTION This instrument is designed for indoor use.
CAUTION Do not operate in a Cold Room or a refrigerated area.
The PCR 9600 operates most efficiently under the following
conditions:
♦
ambient temperature is 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F),
♦
ambient relative humidity is 20 to 80% (without
condensation),
♦
altitude is in the range 0 to 2000 meters.
CAUTION This instrument is not designed for operation in an
explosive environment.
Installation Category
This instrument is able to withstand transient overvoltage
according to Installation Category II as defined in IEC 1010-1,
CSA 1010.1 and UL 3101–1.
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Pollution Degree
This equipment will operate safely in environments that contain
nonconductive foreign matter up to Pollution Degree 2 in IEC
1010–1, CSA 1010.1 and UL 3101–1.
Storage Conditions
The PCR 9600 may be stored under the following conditions:
♦
ambient temperature is –20 to + 60°C (–4 to 140°F),
♦
ambient relative humidity is 20 to 80%, without condensation,
♦
altitude is in the range 0 to 12,000 meters.
Electrical Warnings
! WARNING ! Connect the instrument to an AC line power
outlet that has a protective ground connection. To ensure
satisfactory and safe operation of the instrument, it is essential
that the protective ground conductor (the green /yellow lead) of
the line power cord is connected to true electrical ground. Any
interruption of the protective ground conductor, inside or outside
the instrument, or disconnection of the protective ground terminal
may impair the protection provided by the instrument.
! WARNING ! Do not operate the instrument with any covers or
parts removed.
! WARNING ! Use only fuses with the required current rating
and of the specified type for replacement.
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Fuses and Power Interruption
If power to the instrument fails or is turned off while the
instrument is running, turn the instrument off and wait five
minutes before restarting. If you do not wait, or if the power is
restored quickly after a power failure, a fuse may blow. This does
not mean that there is anything wrong with the instrument. It is
caused by the refrigeration motor stalling because it is unable to
start until the pressure bleeds away, which takes about five
minutes.
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Technical Support
Contacting You can contact Applied Biosystems for technical support by telephone
Technical Support or fax, by e-mail, or through the Internet. You can order Applied
Biosystems user documents, MSDSs, certificates of analysis, and other
related documents 24 hours a day. In addition, you can download
documents in PDF format from the Applied Biosystems Web site
(please see the section “To Obtain Documents on Demand” following
the telephone information below).
To Contact Contact technical support by e-mail for help in the following product
Technical Support areas:
by E-Mail
Product Area
E-mail address
Genetic Analysis (DNA
Sequencing)
galab@appliedbiosystems.com
Sequence Detection Systems and
PCR
pcrlab@appliedbiosystems.com
Protein Sequencing,
Peptide and DNA Synthesis
corelab@appliedbiosystems.com
Biochromatography, PerSeptive
DNA, PNA and Peptide Synthesis
systems, CytoFluor®, FMAT™,
Voyager™, and Mariner™ Mass
Spectrometers
tsupport@appliedbiosystems.com
LC/MS
(Applied Biosystems/MDS Sciex)
apisupport@sciex.com
or
api3-support@sciex.com
Chemiluminescence (Tropix)
tropix@appliedbiosystems.com
Hours for In the United States and Canada, technical support is available at the
Telephone following times:
Technical Support
Product
Hours
Chemiluminescence
8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time
Framingham support
8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time
All Other Products
5:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Pacific Time
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To Contact
Technical Support
by Telephone or
Fax
In North America
To contact Applied Biosystems Technical Support, use the telephone or
fax numbers given below. (To open a service call for other support
needs, or in case of an emergency, dial 1-800-831-6844 and press 1.)
Product or
Product Area
Telephone
Dial...
Fax
Dial...
ABI PRISM® 3700 DNA
Analyzer
1-800-831-6844,
then press 8
1-650-638-5981
DNA Synthesis
1-800-831-6844,
then press 21
1-650-638-5981
Fluorescent DNA
Sequencing
1-800-831-6844,
then press 22
1-650-638-5981
Fluorescent Fragment
Analysis (includes
GeneScan® applications)
1-800-831-6844,
then press 23
1-650-638-5981
Integrated Thermal
Cyclers (ABI PRISM ® 877
and Catalyst 800
instruments)
1-800-831-6844,
then press 24
1-650-638-5981
ABI PRISM ® 3100 Genetic
Analyzer
1-800-831-6844,
then press 26
1-650-638-5981
BioInformatics (includes
BioLIMS®, BioMerge™,
and SQL GT™
applications)
1-800-831-6844,
then press 25
1-505-982-7690
Peptide Synthesis (433
and 43X Systems)
1-800-831-6844,
then press 31
1-650-638-5981
Protein Sequencing
(Procise Protein
Sequencing Systems)
1-800-831-6844,
then press 32
1-650-638-5981
PCR and Sequence
Detection
1-800-762-4001,
then press 1 for
1-240-453-4613
PCR,
2 for the 7700 or
5700,
6 for the 6700
or dial 1-800-8316844, then press 5
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Product or
Product Area
Telephone
Dial...
Fax
Dial...
Voyager MALDI-TOF
Biospectrometry and
Mariner ESI-TOF Mass
Spectrometry
Workstations
1-800-899-5858,
then press 13
1-508-383-7855
Biochromatography
(BioCAD Workstations
and Poros Perfusion
Chromatography
Products)
1-800-899-5858,
then press 14
1-508-383-7855
Expedite Nucleic acid
Synthesis Systems
1-800-899-5858,
then press 15
1-508-383-7855
Peptide Synthesis
(Pioneer and 9050 Plus
Peptide Synthesizers)
1-800-899-5858,
then press 15
1-508-383-7855
PNA Custom and
Synthesis
1-800-899-5858,
then press 15
1-508-383-7855
FMAT 8100 HTS System
and Cytofluor 4000
Fluorescence Plate
Reader
1-800-899-5858,
then press 16
1-508-383-7855
Chemiluminescence
(Tropix)
1-800-542-2369
1-781-275-8581
Applied Biosystems/MDS
Sciex
1-800-952-4716
(U.S. only),
or 1-781-271-0045
1-650-638-6223
Outside North America
Telephone
Dial...
Region
Fax
Dial...
Africa and the Middle East
Africa (English Speaking)
and West Asia (Fairlands,
South Africa)
27 11 478 0411
27 11 478 0349
South Africa
(Johannesburg)
27 11 478 0411
27 11 478 0349
Middle Eastern Countries
and North Africa (Monza,
Italia)
39 (0)39 8389 481
39 (0)39 8389 493
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Telephone
Dial...
Region
Fax
Dial...
Eastern Asia, China, Oceania
Australia (Scoresby,
Victoria)
61 3 9730 8600
61 3 9730 8799
China (Beijing)
86 10 64106608
86 10 64106617
Hong Kong
852 2756 6928
852 2756 6968
Korea (Seoul)
82 2 593 6470/6471
82 2 593 6472
Malaysia (Petaling Jaya)
60 3 758 8268
60 3 754 9043
Singapore
65 896 2168
65 896 2147
Taiwan (Taipei Hsien)
886 2 2358 2838
886 2 2358 2839
Thailand (Bangkok)
66 2 719 6405
66 2 319 9788
Austria (Wien)
43 (0)1 867 35 75 0
43 (0)1 867 35 75 11
Belgium
32 (0)2 712 5555
32 (0)2 712 5516
Czech Republic and
Slovakia (Praha)
420 2 61 222 164
420 2 61 222 168
Denmark (Naerum)
45 45 58 60 00
45 45 58 60 01
Finland (Espoo)
358 (0)9 251 24 250
358 (0)9 251 24 243
France (Paris)
33 (0)1 69 59 85 85
33 (0)1 69 59 85 00
Germany (Weiterstadt)
49 (0) 6150 101 0
49 (0) 6150 101 101
Hungary (Budapest)
36 (0)1 270 8398
36 (0)1 270 8288
Italy (Milano)
39 (0)39 83891
39 (0)39 838 9492
Norway (Oslo)
47 23 12 06 05
47 23 12 05 75
Poland, Lithuania, Latvia,
and Estonia (Warszawa)
48 (22) 866 40 10
48 (22) 866 40 20
Portugal (Lisboa)
351 (0)22 605 33 14
351 (0)22 605 33 15
Russia (Moskva)
7 095 935 8888
7 095 564 8787
South East Europe
(Zagreb, Croatia)
385 1 34 91 927
385 1 34 91 840
Spain (Tres Cantos)
34 (0)91 806 1210
34 (0)91 806 1206
Sweden (Stockholm)
46 (0)8 619 4400
46 (0)8 619 4401
Switzerland (Rotkreuz)
41 (0)41 799 7777
41 (0)41 790 0676
The Netherlands
(Nieuwerkerk a/d IJssel)
31 (0)180 331400
31 (0)180 331409
Europe
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Telephone
Dial...
Fax
Dial...
United Kingdom
(Warrington, Cheshire)
44 (0)1925 825650
44 (0)1925 282502
All other countries not
listed (Warrington, UK)
44 (0)1925 282481
44 (0)1925 282509
Region
Japan
Japan (Hacchobori, ChuoKu, Tokyo)
81 3 5566 6230
81 3 5566 6507
Latin America
Del.A. Obregon, Mexico
To Reach
Technical Support
Through the
Internet
305-670-4350
305-670-4349
We strongly encourage you to visit our Web site for answers to
frequently asked questions and for more information about our
products. You can also order technical documents or an index of
available documents and have them faxed or e-mailed to you through
our site. The Applied Biosystems Web site address is
http://www.appliedbiosystems.com/techsupp
To submit technical questions from North America or Europe:
Step
Action
1
Access the Applied Biosystems Technical Support Web site.
2
Under the Troubleshooting heading, click Support Request
Forms, then select the relevant support region for the product
area of interest.
3
Enter the requested information and your question in the
displayed form, then click Ask Us RIGHT NOW (blue button with
yellow text).
4
Enter the required information in the next form (if you have not
already done so), then click Ask Us RIGHT NOW.
You will receive an e-mail reply to your question from one of our
technical experts within 24 to 48 hours.
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To Obtain Free, 24-hour access to Applied Biosystems technical documents,
Documents on including MSDSs, is available by fax or e-mail or by download from our
Demand Web site.
To order
documents...
Then...
by index
number
a. Access the Applied Biosystems Technical Support
Web site at
http://www.appliedbiosystems.com/techsupp
b. Click the Index link for the document type you want,
then find the document you want and record the
index number.
c. Use the index number when requesting documents
following the procedures below.
by phone for
fax delivery
a. From the U.S. or Canada, call 1-800-487-6809, or
from outside the U.S. and Canada, call 1-858-7120317.
b. Follow the voice instructions to order the
documents you want.
Note
through the
Internet for fax
or e-mail
delivery
There is a limit of five documents per request.
a. Access the Applied Biosystems Technical Support
Web site at
http://www.appliedbiosystems.com/techsupp
b. Under Resource Libraries, click the type of
document you want.
c. Enter or select the requested information in the
displayed form, then click Search.
d. In the displayed search results, select a check box
for the method of delivery for each document that
matches your criteria, then click Deliver Selected
Documents Now (or click the PDF icon for the
document to download it immediately).
e. Fill in the information form (if you have not
previously done so), then click Deliver Selected
Documents Now to submit your order.
Note There is a limit of five documents per request
for fax delivery but no limit on the number of
documents you can order for e-mail delivery.
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Users Manual Summary
If You Have Used the Applied Biosystems DNA Thermal
Cycler or DNA Thermal Cycler 480
Describes the differences between the GeneAmp PCR
System 9600 and the DNA Thermal Cycler/DNA Thermal
Cycler 480.
Preface
Describes how to use this manual.
Chapter 1. Introducing the GeneAmp PCR System 9600
Describes instrument operation, the hardware, and the
software.
Chapter 2. Installation
Describes how to install the instrument and connect it to a
printer
Chapter 3. Tutorial: Customizing a PCR CYCL Program
Includes step-by-step instructions for customizing a CYCL
program and starting a trial run.
Chapter 4. Software Basics
Gives you an overview of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600
software and describes programs and methods.
Chapter 5. Setting Up PCR Programs and Methods
Describes how to customize the HOLD, CYCL, and AUTO
programs and how to create PCR methods.
Chapter 6. Running PCR Samples
Describes how to load samples and start a run. Describes
the run-time keys and displays.
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Chapter 7. Utilities
Describes how to obtain a history of the run, configure the
instrument, run diagnostics, and update the file directory.
Chapter 8. Maintenance
Describes periodic maintenance procedures.
Chapter 9. Troubleshooting
Describes how to solve common problems and what to do in
case of instrument power loss.
Chapter 10. Specifications
Lists and describes instrument specifications.
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If You Have Used the Applied Biosystems
DNA Thermal Cycler or DNA Thermal Cycler 480
You will find that the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 is in many
ways similar in operation to the DNA Thermal Cycler and DNA
Thermal Cycler 480, but there are several important differences.
These differences affect the following areas:
♦
sample block
♦
sample tubes
♦
PCR files and programs
♦
function keys
♦
file storage
♦
operation
♦
setting hold times
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Sample Block
CAUTION Do not use mineral oil or glycerine in the sample block
of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600.
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 is designed for oil-free
operation. The MicroAmp Reaction Tubes fit tightly in the wells
and a heated cover exerts an even pressure on all tubes. Mineral
oil is not used on the sample surface because the heated cover
eliminates condensation in the tubes.
Sample Tubes
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 uses 0.2-mL MicroAmp
Reaction Tubes or 0.2-mL MicroAmp Reaction Tubes with Caps,
with a 96-position MicroAmp Tray/Retainer. The GeneAmp PCR
System 9600 can also use Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction
Tubes. Use of these 0.5-mL tubes requires a Thin-Walled
GeneAmp Tray, which holds 480 tubes. See Chapter 5 for details.
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Comparing Files and Programs
In the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 software, PCR files are
referred to as programs. The following table lists the differences
between DNA Thermal Cycler PCR files and GeneAmp PCR
System 9600 PCR programs.
Function
File on the DNA
Thermal Cycler
Program on the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600
PCR
INCUBATIONS
SOAK (File #1): An
incubation file.
HOLD: Set the hold time to the
FOREVER option for an
indefinite soak.
TIME DELAY (File #2):
An incubation file.
HOLD: Set the hold time to a
pre-defined time.
THERMO-CYCLE
(File #3): Use the
default value (0:01) for
the fastest possible
ramp time.
CYCL: Program ramp times
and hold times as desired for
each setpoint.
STEP-CYCLE (File #4):
You cannot program
ramp times; target
temperatures are
reached as quickly as
possible.
CYCL: Use the default value
(0:00) for the fastest possible
ramp time.
AUTO-SEGMENT
EXTENSION
THERMO-CYCLE
or STEP-CYCLE with
auto-segment extension
AUTO: This program can
automatically increase or
decrease the setpoint hold time
and setpoint temperature in
successive cycles.
METHODS
Link each file to another
file using the “link to
stored file #” parameter
within each file.
METH: Use this program to
link together a series of
programs.
PCR CYCLING
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Function Keys
To do this:
On the DNA Thermal
Cycler
On the GeneAmp PCR
System 9600
Begin a run
Press START from the
first display in the file.
Select RUN on the main menu,
enter the program number,
then press ENTER.
Access a file
Press FILE, press the
numeric key(s) corresponding to the desired
file number, then press
ENTER.
Select EDIT on the main menu,
enter the desired program
number, then press ENTER.
Access the File
Directory
Press FILE. Then press
ENTER.
Select UTIL on the main menu.
Access the
Configuration and
Diagnostic files.
Press FILE. Then press
YES.
Select UTIL on the main menu.
Move the cursor to
the next display or
parameter.
Press STEP.
Press STEP.
Move the cursor to
the previous display or parameter.
Press HELP.
Press BACK.
Toggle between
two run-time displays.
Press HELP.
Press MORE.
Move the cursor to
the next selection.
Press NO.
Press OPTION.
Exit a file.
Press STOP.
Press STOP.
Pause a run.
Press STOP.
Press PAUSE.
Abort a run.
Press STOP twice.
Press STOP twice.
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File Storage
With the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, you can store up to 150
programs. (A method is assigned a program number and is
considered an individual program.) The Thermal Cycler stores up
to 93 user files.
Operation
On the DNA Thermal Cycler, the run-time display counts down
the number of cycles. On the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, the
run-time display counts up the number of cycles.
To pause a run on the DNA Thermal Cycler, press the STOP key
once. On the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, use the PAUSE key
to pause a run, or you can specify an automatic pause in your
CYCL or AUTO program.
On the DNA Thermal Cycler, an auto-tuning diagnostic test
checks instrument operation. With the DNA Thermal Cycler 480
and the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, no auto-tuning is
necessary. The accuracy of the block temperature can be verified
using the Temperature Verification Kit (Applied Biosystems Part
No. N801-0434 for the DNA Thermal Cycler, Part No. N801-0435
for the GeneAmp PCR System 9600).
When the DNA Thermal Cycler is in an idle state, you cannot
control the block temperature; the temperature drifts to ambient.
On the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, block temperature is
controlled in the idle state. This parameter is called the idle state
setpoint and you can program it by selecting UTIL on the Main
menu, then selecting CONFIG. The default value is 25 degrees
C. When the block is at this temperature, the Heating light on the
control panel flashes.
When a run has been completed on the DNA Thermal Cycler,
“SHUT-OFF” appears on the display. When a run has been
completed on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, “DONE”
appears on the display.
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Setting Hold Times on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600
These general guidelines are based upon differences in how the
instruments operate to heat and cool samples.
The hold times that you specify in your PCR CYCL and AUTO
programs for the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 will be shorter
than those you used for your Step-Cycle or Thermo-Cycle files
on the DNA Thermal Cycler. This is because the Thermal Cycler
starts counting the hold time when the block reaches a
temperature one degree before the target temperature, while the
GeneAmp PCR System 9600 starts counting the hold time when
the samples reach a temperature one degree before the target
temperature.
As shown in Figure 1, since the block reaches the target
temperature before the samples, the programmed hold time on
the Thermal Cycler must include enough time for the samples to
reach the target temperature. A hold time of one minute or
greater is required on the DNA Thermal Cycler for the samples to
reach the target temperature. On the GeneAmp PCR System
9600, hold times of less than one minute are often used.
6
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Graphic
Figure 1 Heating ramps on the DNA Thermal Cycler 480 and GeneAmp PCR
System 9600.
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Tables 1 and 2 show some guidelines for converting hold times
for the DNA Thermal Cycler or DNA Thermal Cycler 480 to hold
times for the GeneAmp PCR System 9600. The table you use will
depend on whether you are using an up ramp (the temperature is
higher than that used in the previous segment) or a down ramp
(the temperature is lower).
♦
If you are using an up ramp, you will base the new hold time
on the change in temperature required to reach the next
target temperature. See Table 1.
♦
If you are using a down ramp, you will base the new hold time
on the starting temperature of the ramp and the change in
temperature required to reach the next target temperature.
See Table 2.
For up ramps, determine the change in temperature required to
reach the next target temperature, then round off this value to the
closest value given below. Then subtract the number of seconds
indicated from the hold time used for the DNA Thermal Cycler.
The result is the hold time to use for the GeneAmp PCR System
9600. The typically recommended hold time is 10 to 15 seconds
for denaturation.
Table 1. After Up Ramps: Converting Hold Times Greater than
One Minute (DNA Thermal Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600)
If your change in
temperature (°C) is:
Subtract this time from your
Thermal Cycler hold time:
10 °
38 sec.
15 °
45 sec.
20 °
49 sec.
30 °
54 sec.
40 °
55 sec.
50 °
57 sec.
60 °
57 sec.
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Note If methods developed on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 are
to be used on the DNA Thermal Cycler, you can use Table 1 to convert
the hold times from GeneAmp PCR System 9600 to DNA Thermal
Cycler. Simply add the indicated times instead of subtracting them.
For down ramps, determine the change in temperature required
to reach the next target temperature, then round off this value to
the closest value given below. Then, based on the starting
temperature of the ramp, determine the number of seconds to
subtract from the DNA Thermal Cycler hold time to arrive at the
new hold time. The typically recommended hold time is 10 to 15
seconds for annealing.
Table 2. After Down Ramps: Converting Hold Times Greater than
One Minute (DNA Thermal Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600)
If your change in
temperature (°C) is:
Subtract this time from the DNA
Thermal Cycler hold time if the starting
temperature of the ramp is:
35-55 °
56-75 °
76-95 °
10 °
39 sec.
39 sec.
40 sec.
15 °
45 sec.
47 sec.
48 sec.
20 °
49 sec.
52 sec.
53 sec.
30 °
56 sec.
59 sec.
40 °
57 sec.
62 sec.
50 °
62 sec.
60 °
60 sec.
Note If methods developed on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 are
to be used on the DNA Thermal Cycler, you can use Table 2 to convert
the hold times from GeneAmp PCR System 9600 to DNA Thermal
Cycler by adding the indicated times instead of subtracting them.
9
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Contents
Preface:
1
Using the Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P-1
Using the Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P-1
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P-3
Software Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P-3
Notes and Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P-4
Chapter 1.
Introducing the GeneAmp® PCR System 9600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Principles of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Instrument Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
A Look at the Sample Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
A Look at the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Instrument Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Chapter 2.
Installing the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Parts Supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Supplies, Accessories, and Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Proper Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Temperature, Humidity, and Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
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Setting Up the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Installing the 115-VAC Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Installing the 230-VAC Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Configuring the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Configuring the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Summary of Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Heater and Chiller Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Heater Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Chiller Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Chapter 3.
Tutorial: Customizing a PCR CYCL Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Before You Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
What is a CYCL Program? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Starting Up the Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Getting to the CYCL Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
A Look at the CYCL Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Customizing the CYCL Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Defining the Number of Setpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Defining Values for Setpoint # 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Defining Values for Setpoint #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Defining Values for Setpoint #3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Specifying the Number of Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Storing Your CYCL Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Starting a Trial Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Loading a Tray (without samples) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Running the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
The Next Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
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Chapter 4.
Software Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Reviewing Keypad Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Use of the Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
A Close Look at the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Selecting a Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
An Overview of PCR Programs and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Linking Programs in a PCR Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Storing Programs and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
The HOLD Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
CYCL: The Cycle Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
The AUTO Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
PCR Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Chapter 5.
Setting Up PCR Programs and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Setting Hold Times on the GeneAmp® PCR System 9600 . . . . . . . 5-2
Editing Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Creating and Editing Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Creating a Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Storing the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Editing a Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Printing a Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Creating and Editing Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Creating a Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Storing the Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Editing a Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23
Printing a Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-25
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Software Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Using the STOP Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Recalling Programs: A Shortcut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-30
The HOLD Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
The Displays in a HOLD Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Description of HOLD Program Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32
CYCL: The Cycle Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
The Displays in a CYCL Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
Description of CYCL Program Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-34
The AUTO Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-39
The Displays in an AUTO Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-39
Description of AUTO Program Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-40
Chapter 6.
Running PCR Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Loading Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Using the 96-Position Sample Tray with MicroAmp Reaction
Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Placing the Sample Tray in the Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Using the Cap-Installing Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Removing the Sample Tray from the Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Removing Samples from the Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Specifying a Program or Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Create a new program or method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Edit an existing program or method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Recall a stored program or method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Starting the Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Run Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Running a Stored Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
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Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Run-Time Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
CYCL and AUTO Program Run-Time Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
HOLD Program Run-Time Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Pausing a Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Stopping a Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Reviewing the History of the Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Chapter 7.
Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Getting to the Utilities Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Selecting a Utilities Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
The Directory Function (DIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Listing Programs by their Program Number (PROG) . . . . . . . . 7-4
Listing Programs by their Program Type (TYPE) . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
Listing Programs by their User Number (USER) . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
Printing a Directory of Your Programs (PRINT) . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
The Configuration Function (CONFIG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Editing the Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Setting the Time and Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Turning the Run-Time Printer Mode and Run-Time Beeper
On or Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
Changing the Pause Time-Out Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-22
Changing the Allowed Setpoint Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-23
Entering an Idle State Setpoint Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Changing the Temperature Interval for the Setpoint Clock . . . 7-26
Changing the Sample Tube Type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-28
Setting Sample Tube Time Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-30
MICRO Time Constant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-30
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THIN Time Constant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-32
Printing the Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
The Diagnostic Function (DIAG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Selecting the Diagnostic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Reviewing the History file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
About The History File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Status Records in a History File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Data Records in a History File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Displaying the History file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Printing the History file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-48
Running the Heater Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-50
Running the Chiller Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-52
Running the System Performance Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-54
Running the Verify Calibration Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-56
The Delete Function (DEL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
Deleting Programs by Program Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
Deleting Programs by User Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-59
Deleting All Unprotected Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-61
Chapter 8.
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Cleaning the Sample Wells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Cleaning the Heated Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Temperature Calibration Verification Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Verifying the Temperature Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Test Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Temperature Uniformity Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
vi
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Testing the Temperature Uniformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
Test Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17
Changing External Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-18
Chapter 9.
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
If the Instrument Turns Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
Chapter 10. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Sample Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Sample Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Sample Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Sample Temperature Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Displayed Sample Temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Sample Block Temperature Uniformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Sample Temperature Overshoot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Ramp Time Repeatability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4
Sample Heating and Cooling Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4
Printer Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5
Temperature Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5
Index
vii
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11
Illustrations
Figure 1-1
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Figure 1-2
Sample block and heated cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Figure 1-3
The control panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Figure 2-1
DIP switch Settings on the Epson C82302 serial interface card. . . 2-8
Figure 2-2
Side panel of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 and rear
panel of the printer showing DIP switch settings and cable
connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Figure 3-1
A common CYCL program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Figure 3-2
Setting temperature and time values for Setpoint #1. . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Figure 3-3
Location of power switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Figure 3-4
Moving through the CYCL program displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Figure 3-5
Sliding the heated cover forward for a trial run. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Figure 4-1
Keypad. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Figure 4-2
Access to the major functions of the software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Figure 4-3
HOLD, CYCL, AUTO, and METH programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Figure 4-4
A HOLD program held for an indefinite time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Figure 4-5
A HOLD program held for a specific time interval. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Figure 4-6
A common CYCL program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Figure 4-7
An AUTO program used to increase hold time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Figure 4-8
An example of a PCR method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Figure 5-1
Heating ramps on the DNA Thermal Cycler 480 and
GeneAmp PCR System 9600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
ix
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Figure 5-2
Sample conversion of hold times for up ramps (DNA
Thermal Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Figure 5-3
Sample conversion of hold times for down ramps (DNA Thermal
Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Figure 5-4
Editing Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Figure 5-5
Example of a printout for a CYCL program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Figure 5-6
Example of a method printout using METHOD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26
Figure 5-7
Example of a method printout using PROGRAM DATA. . . . . . . . 5-27
Figure 5-8
The series of displays in a HOLD program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Figure 5-9
The main displays in a three-temperature CYCL program. . . . . . . 5-33
Figure 5-10
The main displays in a three-temperature AUTO program. . . . . . 5-39
Figure 6-1
Setting up the 96-position sample tray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Figure 6-2
Securing the retainer on the tray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Figure 6-3
Placing the sample tray in the block. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Figure 6-4
Sliding the heated cover forward. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Figure 6-5
Turning the cover knob. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Figure 6-6
Removing samples from the tray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Figure 6-7
Run-Time Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Figure 6-8
An example printout of a CYCL program using the
SETPOINT option. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Figure 6-9
Run-time displays for a CYCL program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Figure 6-10
Using the MORE key. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Figure 6-11
More run-time information in a CYCL program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Figure 6-12
Run-time displays for a HOLD program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Figure 6-13
Example history file printout of a CYCL program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Figure 7-1
The Utilities functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Figure 7-2
Example of a list of programs listed according to program number. 7-6
Figure 7-3
Example of a list of programs listed according to program type. . . 7-9
x
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Figure 7-4
Example of a list of programs listed according to user number. . . 7-12
Figure 7-5
The PRINT selection of the Directory function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Figure 7-6
The Configuration function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
Figure 7-7
Diagram of a 1-degree C temperature interval. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
Figure 7-8
Initial displays for the five diagnostic tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-37
Figure 7-9
A typical status record display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Figure 7-10
A data record display of a CYCL run. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Figure 7-11
Viewing (ALL) the records in a History file for a two-temperature CYCL program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
Figure 7-12
Viewing the status (STAT) records, data records with error
messages (ERROR), and printing records (PRINT). . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
Figure 7-13
Printout of all status and data records (ALL) of a typical
History file. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-49
Figure 8-1
Location of sample wells E1 and D1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Figure 8-2
Placing the probe assembly into the sample wells. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
Figure 8-3
Temperature measurements in the temperature calibration
verification test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
Figure 8-4
GeneAmp PCR System 9600 Calibration Label. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Figure 8-5
The probe assembly in sample wells A1 and A2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
Figure 8-6
Measurements in the temperature uniformity test. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-15
Figure 8-7
Location of wells used in uniformity test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16
Figure 8-8
Removing the fuses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-18
Figure 10-1
Sample temperature overshoot after ramping up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4
xi
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Preface: Using the Manual P
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 is a highly sophisticated, yet
easy-to-use temperature cycling instrument designed specifically
to automate the PCR technique.
Using the Manual
The main function of this manual is to give you all the information
needed to operate the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 in as
productive a way as possible, utilizing all of the instrument's
features.
Note The unpacking and setup procedures for the GeneAmp PCR
System 9600 are included in Chapter 2 of this manual. If your
instrument has not been installed by an Applied Biosystems Service
Representative, you should first refer to the instructions given in
Chapter 2.
For a summary of the instrument's main features and how to use
them, refer to the Quick Reference Guide, Applied Biosystems
Part. No. 0993-8690.
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We recommend that you follow this approach to learn about the
GeneAmp PCR System 9600:
1
Read this chapter to learn about the conventions used in the
manual.
2
Read Chapter 1 to familiarize yourself with the instrument hardware
and software.
3
If you are installing the instrument yourself, use this chapter as a
guide.
4
Use the tutorial in Chapter 3 to learn the basic operation of the
system in about 30 minutes.
5
When you have completed the tutorial, go through Chapters 4 and 5
to learn more about the software and setting up PCR programs and
methods.
6
When you are ready to run your own samples, refer to Chapter 6 to
learn how to load a sample tray and run a PCR program.
7
Select other chapters according to your needs:
♦
Chapter 7 describes the Utilities functions. These instrument
functions let you display or print programs, configure the
instrument to your needs, review a history of the run, perform
instrument diagnostics, and maintain your directory of
programs.
♦
Chapter 8 contains maintenance procedures.
♦
Chapter 9 explains how to solve some basic instrument
problems and when to call service.
♦
Chapter 10 lists and describes instrument specifications.
P-2
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Conventions
The following conventions are used in this manual.
Software Conventions
♦
The instrument display is pictured as follows. This display
shows the main menu.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
♦
In displays where the current temperature of the samples is
indicated, the temperature is shown in the manual as xx.xC,
as in the display below.
CYCL# 26
PAUSE 10:00
xx.xC
♦
Messages seen on the display and referred to in the text are
enclosed in quotation marks.
For example: “Pause during run?”
♦
Keys are printed in all capital letters and in bold type. For
example: OPTION
♦
The names of the different types of programs stored in the
software are often referred to by their abbreviations on the
screen display: HOLD, CYCL, and AUTO.
P-3
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Notes and Warnings
The following conventions are used in this manual:
! WARNING ! A warning indicates an operation that could
cause personal injury if precautions are not followed.
CAUTION A caution indicates an operation that could cause
instrument damage if precautions are not followed.
Note Notes emphasize significant information in a procedure or
description.
P-4
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1
Introducing the GeneAmp®
PCR System 9600
1
Introduction
This chapter describes the principles of instrument operation, the
hardware, and the software.
Figure 1-1
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600.
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Principles of Operation
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 automates the Polymerase
Chain Reaction (PCR) technique for amplifying DNA.
The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique is conceptually
a very simple method for amplifying nucleic acids. It mimics the
natural DNA replication process in that the number of DNA
molecules generated by the Polymerase Chain Reaction doubles
after each cycle.
In the PCR technique, the typical cycle consists of three steps:
♦
Denaturing the template DNA by heating it to a high
temperature (94 degrees C to 95 degrees C), thereby
producing two single strands of DNA.
♦
Annealing of the target-specific primers to the two separated
DNA strands by cooling the reaction mixture to a lower
temperature (37 degrees C to 65 degrees C).
♦
Extending the annealed primers with a DNA polymerase by
warming the reaction mixture to an intermediate temperature
(72 degrees C).
The anneal and extend steps can be combined into a single
setpoint, called two-temperature PCR.
The original DNA segment can be either a small, discrete
molecule whose sequence is already known or a part of a much
larger molecule in a complex mixture, such as a chromosome
fragment.
The product of the reaction will be discrete double-stranded DNA
molecules whose termini will be determined by the set of primers
used. Because the copy number of the target DNA doubles after
each cycle, amplification through 25 cycles would theoretically
yield a 33 million fold increase of specific product.
The PCR method readily lends itself to research applications.
Cloning of the amplified sequence can be facilitated by extending
the 5' end of the primers with short sequences harboring
1-2
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restriction sites. Dideoxy sequencing can also be performed on
the amplified product.
Instrument Description
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 contains a programmable
heating and cooling block, which rapidly and uniformly heats
and cools PCR samples.
A Look at the Sample Block
The sample block is a 96-well aluminum block. Up to 96 samples
in MicroAmp Reaction Tubes (0.2 mL) are loaded in a sample
tray and placed in the block. When a tray is in place, the heated
cover is moved forward over the sample block area and exerts an
even pressure on all tubes.
Sample Block
Figure 1-2
Heated Cover
Sample block and heated cover.
There are 17 holes within the block for coolant flow: eight of the
holes are used for rapid sample block cooling (ramp cooling) and
the remaining nine are for cold-biasing the system. A Kapton
heater beneath the sample block is responsible for rapid heating
and control of the sample block. The heater is designed so that
1-3
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the power density at the edges is greater than that at the center
to compensate for losses that may occur at the edges.
A Look at the Control Panel
The instrument control panel consists of a 40-character blue
fluorescent display; three indicator lights that show you when the
sample block is heating, cooling, or hot; and the keypad. The
keypad includes standard numeric keys and eight function keys
used for creating, storing, editing, or running PCR cycles.
Figure 1-3
The control panel.
1-4
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Instrument Features
Features of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 include:
♦
reproducibility of cycle times
♦
uniformity of PCR yields for samples
♦
sample tray accommodating up to 96 samples in an 8 x 12
format
♦
thin-walled MicroAmp Reaction Tubes allowing efficient heat
transfer and improving equilibration times
♦
high speed of heating and cooling so that more samples can
be run in a fixed amount of time, increasing productivity
♦
heated cover assuring that tubes fit tightly in the wells
♦
oil-free operation
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 Software
PCR time and temperature profiles are stored by the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600 in programs. A program is a set of instructions
that specify how the instrument should heat and cool your
samples in a PCR cycle.
There are three types of programs stored in instrument memory,
abbreviated as the HOLD, CYCL, and AUTO programs. Each
program contains a thermal profile in which values can be
entered to fit your specific temperature control application.
Programs can be linked together in a PCR method to
accommodate complete amplification experiments.
1-5
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The software lets you:
♦
create, store, and modify your own customized time and
temperature programs and protect these programs with a
user number, if desired
♦
link several programs together to create and store a PCR
method
♦
automatically increment or decrement the setpoint time
and/or temperature a fixed amount every cycle
♦
view the current status of your PCR cycle on one of two runtime displays
♦
review comprehensive run-time information in a history of the
run
♦
run software diagnostics to help you solve common problems
♦
configure the instrument for use with an optional printer
1-6
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Installing the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600
2
2
I
Introduction
This chapter describes how to install the GeneAmp PCR System
9600. If your instrument has already been installed by an Applied
Biosystems Service Representative, disregard these instructions.
The following sections are included in this chapter:
♦
Parts Supplied
♦
Power Requirements
♦
Proper Location
♦
Operating Precautions
♦
Printer Setup and Configuration (optional)
♦
Heater and Chiller Tests
♦
Configuring the System
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Unpacking
Inspect the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, and all other parts
supplied, for any damage that may have occurred during
shipment. If there has been any damage during transit, notify the
carrier and Applied Biosystems immediately.
Save the shipping container and all packing materials in case it
becomes necessary to reship the instrument.
Do not attempt to lift or move the instrument without the
assistance of others. Safety training for proper lifting techniques
is recommended.
! WARNING ! Improper lifting can cause painful and sometimes
permanent back injury. Use proper lifting techniques when lifting
or moving the instrument.
Parts Supplied
The following parts are supplied with the GeneAmp PCR System
9600:
Item
Part No.
Quantity
PCR System Starter Kit
(Consumable items for
instrument operations.)
N801-0538
1
Line Cord (Domestic 120V)
N801-6033
1
Line Cord (Continental Europe 0999-1401
220V - 230V)
1
Line Cord (Japan 100V)
0999-1420
1
15-Amp slow-blow Fuse
(system fuse for 100-120V
units)
0998-1756
2
8-Amp slow-blow Fuse (system 0998-1643
fuse for 220-230V units)
2
2-2
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Item
Part No.
Quantity
230-220V Conversion Kit
(shipped with 230V unit)
N801-0110
1
100V 50Hz to 60Hz Conversion N801-0111
Kit (shipped with 100V unit)
1
PCR System 9600 Video
(Domestic and Japan)
N801-0661
1
PCR System 9600 Video
(Europe)
N801-0660
1
Users Manual
0993-8660
1
Quick Reference Guide
0993-8690
1
Brochures
0993-8813
1
Supplies, Accessories, and Replacement Parts
For Sales Assistance and Information: 1-800-345-5224.
For Technical Assistance: 1-800-762-4001.
Supplies, accessories, and replacement parts can be ordered
directly from Applied Biosystems using the eight-digit part
numbers provided in this manual.
Applied Biosystems catalog service offers a full selection of high
quality instrumentation, reagents and consumables through the
Biotechnology Catalog. To place an order:
If you are located within the U.S., call toll free 1-800-327-3002,
Monday - Friday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. EST. Your order will be shipped
promptly, usually within 24 hours.
If you are located outside of the U.S., call your local Applied
Biosystems sales office.
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Power Requirements
CAUTION Before the power is turned on for the first time at
installation, be sure that the unit has been upright for at least four
hours at normal indoor temperatures (15 degrees C to 30
degrees C).
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 operates on one of the
following input voltages:
Part No.
Voltage
(volts)
Freq.
(Hz)
Maximum
Operating
Current
(amps)
N801-0001
120
60
10
850
N801-0002
230/240
50
5
850
220*
50
5
850
100
50
12
850
100
60**
12
850
N801-0003
Power (watts)
* For 220-volt operation with instrument Part No. N801-0002, a
conversion kit is required and included
(Applied Biosystems Part No. N801-0110).
** For 60-Hertz operation with instrument Part No. N801-0003, a
conversion kit is required and included
(Applied Biosystems Part No. N801-0111).
120 VAC and 100 VAC units are supplied with a three-terminal
plug. One of the terminals is an earth ground. To protect yourself
against shock hazards, the electrical outlet must be a properly
wired three-terminal outlet conforming to National Electric Code.
Do not use an adapter to a two-terminal outlet.
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All 230VAC instruments are wired for single-ended line service.
230VAC instruments installed in locations that have
double-ended line service or locations that have unpolarized
power receptacles (as in Germany) must be rewired using the
instructions provided with the 230V to 220V Conversion Kit,
Applied Biosystems Part No. N801-0110.
The 220/230 VAC units are supplied with a power cord that has a
Continental European style plug (also known as Schuko or CEE
7/7). If you need a power cord with a different style plug, call an
Applied Biosystems Service Representative.
Proper Location
Place the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 on a solid (to prevent
vibration), stable, level surface that allows free air flow, especially
around the sides and back.
Temperature, Humidity, and Environment
Observe the following precautions when locating the instrument
in your laboratory:
♦
Do not place the unit in a location subject to wide temperature
fluctuation, such as direct sunlight, air drafts, or
heat-generating equipment.
♦
Avoid placing the unit in an excessively damp area.
♦
Do not place the instrument in a Cold Room, i.e., a
refrigerated room.
♦
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 operates most efficiently
when the ambient temperature is 15 to 30 degrees C (59 to
86 degrees Fahrenheit) and the ambient relative humidity is
20 to 80%.
♦
Do not operate in an environment where there is an oil mist.
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Setting Up the Printer
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 can be used with an optional
Epson LX-810 printer or other Epson-compatible printers with a
serial (RS-232C) interface board.
The printer is shipped with an Epson C82302 serial adapter card
when ordered as part of Printer Kits (N801-0313 for 115VAC
operation or N801-0314 for 230VAC operation). The card must
be installed in the printer as instructed in pages 5-38 to 5-51 of
the Epson LX-810 Instruction Manual (as explained below).
Before installing the card, set the DIP switches on the Epson
C82302 card as described below.
The procedure for installing the printer is different for line
voltages of 115 volts and 230 volts. Follow the procedure given
below for the line voltage you are using, then configure the printer
as described on page 2-12.
Installing the 115-VAC Printer
The Printer Kit for the 115 VAC GeneAmp PCR System 9600
(Part No. N801-0313) contains a printer (Part No. 0942-1015),
with both a serial adapter card and a printer cable (Part No.
N801-0421).
1
Set the DIP switches on the Epson C82302 serial adapter card as
shown in Figure 2-1.
2
Install the serial adapter card in the printer as described in pages
5-38 to 5-51 of the Epson LX-810 User's Manual. When using this
manual, pay special attention to "Removing the Upper Case" on
page 5-38 and "Installing the Board" starting on page 5-44. (Note
the figure on page 5-45.) Once the board has been installed, pay
special attention to "Attaching the Upper Case " on page 5-49 of the
Epson LX-810 User's Manual.
3
Set the DIP switches SW1 and SW2 on the right side panel of the
printer to the positions shown in Figure 2-2.
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4
Connect one end of the cable (Applied Biosystems Part No.
N801-0421) to the 25-pin (D shell) RS-232C connector on the side
panel of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600. Connect the other end
of the cable to the connector on the serial adapter card you just
installed.
Note When you are printing, the printer ON LINE/OFF LINE button
must be in the ON LINE position. See page 3-3 of the Epson LX-810
User's manual.
When setting the DIP switches on the serial interface cards,
remember that the “ON” setting is the same as the “CLOSED”
setting, and the “OFF” setting is the same as the “OPEN” setting.
The correct DIP switch settings on the Epson C82302 serial
adapter card are:
SW1
SW2
1: OFF
1: ON
2: OFF
2: ON
3: OFF
3: OFF
4: OFF
4: OFF
5: OFF
5: OFF
6: ON
6: OFF
7: OFF
7: OFF
8: OFF
8: OFF
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Figure 2-1
DIP switch Settings on the Epson C82302 serial interface card.
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RS-232 Communications Parameters for users who do
not have an LX-810:
9600 Baud No Parity
8 data bits 1 stop bit
GeneAmp PCR System 9600
Instrument Power
Cord Connection
Printer Dip Switch settings
Fuse Holders
Serial Port
ON
Cable N801-0421
ON/OFF
Switch
Epson LX-810 Printer Rear Panel
1
SW1
8
1
SW2
4
Epson LX-810 Printer
Right Side Panel
Note: When installing the serial interface card in the Epson
LX-810, see pages 5-38 to 5-51 in the Epson LX-810 Users
Manual.
Figure 2-2 Side panel of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 and rear panel of
the printer showing DIP switch settings and cable connections.
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Installing the 230-VAC Printer
The Printer Kit for the 230-VAC GeneAmp PCR System 9600
(Part No. N801-0314) contains a printer (Part No. 0942-1015),
with a serial adapter card. It also includes a printer cable
(N801-0421) and a 230-volt adapter (Part No. 0942-1002).
To set up and install the printer, proceed as follows:
1
Set the DIP switches on the Epson C82302 serial adapter card as
shown in Figure 2-1.
2
Install the serial adapter card in the printer as described in pages
5-38 to 5-51 of the Epson LX-810 User's Manual. When using this
manual, pay special attention to "Removing the Upper Case" on
page 5-38 and "Installing the Board" starting on page 5-44. (Note
the figure on page 5-45.) Once the board has been installed, pay
special attention to "Attaching the Upper Case " on page 5-49 of the
Epson LX-810 User's Manual.
3
Set the DIP switches SW1 and SW2 on the right side panel of the
printer to the positions shown in Figure 2-2.
4
Connect a local plug to the primary line cord of the adapter
(0942-1002), as described in the adapter instruction sheet
(0993-8359), and connect the local plug to the connector 230-VAC
line power outlet.
5
Plug the secondary line cord into the printer line cord receptacle
located on the printer rear panel.
6
Connect one end of the printer cable (Applied Biosystems Part No.
N801-0421) to the serial port on the side panel of the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600 and connect the other end to the serial adapter
card you just installed.
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Note When you are printing, the printer ON LINE/OFF LINE button
must be in the ON LINE position. See page 3-3 of the Epson LX-810
User's manual.
After you have installed and connected the printer, you must
configure the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 for the printer as
described on the following pages.
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Configuring the Printer
1
Turn on the power switch located on the lower left side of the
instrument.
A beeper sounds and all three indicator lights flash. Two displays
appear briefly.
Finally, the instrument main menu appears:
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
The cursor appears under the "R" in RUN.
2
Press the OPTION key three times.
The cursor moves under UTIL.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
3
Press ENTER.
The utilities menu is displayed:
Select function
DIR-CONFIG-DIAG-DEL
4
Press the OPTION key once to move the cursor under CONFIG,
then press ENTER to select configuration.
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The following display appears:
Time
Date
HH:MM
MM/DD/YY
This display is used to set the time and date.
5
To set the time, press the appropriate numeric keys for hours and
minutes (HH:MM), then press ENTER. The software will place the
colon for you. Press ENTER after making each entry.
6
To set the date, press the appropriate numeric keys for month, day
and year (MM/DD/YY), then press ENTER. The software will
separate the numbers for you.
7
Press STEP.
The following display appears:
Runtime printer
Runtime beeper
OFF
ON
This display lets you turn the run-time printer mode and the
run-time beeper on or off. When the run-time printer mode is on,
you can print run-time data. When the run-time beeper is on, a
beeper will sound at the end of each setpoint in a run.
8
Press the OPTION key to toggle the OFF on the top line of the
display to ON, then press ENTER. The instrument is now
configured for a printer.
9
If you don't want to hear a beeper sound at the end of each
setpoint, press the OPTION key to toggle the ON on the bottom line
of the display to OFF, then press ENTER.
10 Press STOP to return to the Utilities menu. Press STOP again to
return to the main menu.
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Configuring the GeneAmp PCR System 9600
The final procedure in installing the GeneAmp PCR System 9600
is checking the instrument configuration. The configuration
parameters include:
♦
time and date
♦
run-time printer mode (on or off)
♦
run-time beeper (on or off)
♦
pause time-out limit
♦
allowed setpoint error
♦
idle state setpoint
♦
temperature interval that triggers the clock start
♦
sample tube time constants
Access the configuration parameters as follows:
1
The Utilities menu (shown below) should be displayed. If not,
access the main menu, and select UTIL.
Select function
DIR-CONFIG-DIAG-DEL
2
Press OPTION to move the cursor to CONFIG, then press ENTER.
The first configuration display is shown. Refer to the following
pages for instructions on editing configuration parameters. For
more detailed instructions, see Chapter 7, “Utilities.”.
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Summary of Configuration Parameters
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
This display lets you edit or print the configuration
parameters.
Press ENTER to select EDIT. The first
configuration screen, used to set the time and
date, is displayed.
Time
Date
HH:MM
MM/DD/YY
Set the time in hours and minutes (HH:MM), and
the date in month, day, and year (MM/DD/YY).
Press STEP to move to the next display.
Runtime printer OFF
Runtime beeper
ON
To configure the instrument for use with a printer,
press the OPTION key to change OFF to ON,
then press ENTER.
To turn the run-time beeper off, press the OPTION
key to change ON to OFF, then press ENTER.
Press STEP to move to the next display. Or, press
BACK to move to the previous display.
Pause time out limit
xx:xx
Set the maximum amount of time that a program
can pause before it is aborted. (This pertains only
to the keypad pause.) The default value is 10
minutes.
Press STEP to move to the next display. Or, press
BACK to move to the previous display.
Allowed setpt error
x.xC
Set the number of degrees the actual sample
temperature may vary before the reading is noted
in the History file as an error. The default value is
2.0 degrees C.
Press STEP to move to the next display. Or, press
BACK to move to the previous display.
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Idle state setpoint
25C
Set the temperature at which the block will be
maintained when a program is not running. As
factory set, the instrument will heat to 25
degrees C while idling and the heating indicator
will flash.
The default idling temperature may be changed to
a new value. For operator safety, this value
should be close to room temperature.
Press STEP to move to the next display. Or, press
BACK to move to the previous display.
Start clock within
x.xC of setpoint
Enter the temperature interval before the setpoint
temperature is reached at which the setpoint clock
will start. The default value is 1.0 degree C. We
highly recommend that you use the default value
for this parameter. See Chapter 7 for details.
Press STEP to move to the next display. Or, press
BACK to move to the previous display.
Special tube?
NO
This display lets you specify a special type of
sample tube when you start a run if you are not
using MicroAmp Reaction Tubes or Thin-Walled
GeneAmp Reaction Tubes. The default condition
of this parameter is no special tube type, as
indicated on the display by “NO.” See Chapter 7
for details.
If you accept the default condition, you will be able
to select one of two sample tube types when you
start a run (MicroAmp Reaction Tubes or
Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes). See
Chapter 6 for more information.
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a. To change the default condition, press the OPTION key. “NO”
will change to “YES” on the display and you will be able to
select a different tube type when you start a run (see Chapter 6
for more information).
b.
Press ENTER. The following display appears:
Rxn vol=100uL T= 9.5
Rxn vol= 50uL T= 7.0
This display lets you change the sample tube time constant.
There are two default values for sample tube time constants on
this display: one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of
100 µL, and one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 50
µL. There is a time constant default value for sample tubes
with a reaction volume of 20 µL that appears on a separate
display. Press STEP to view this display:
Rxn vol= 20uL T= 5.0
c.
To change any of these time constant values, press the
appropriate numeric keys, then press ENTER. To move the
cursor from one time constant value to the next, or to move
from the first display to the second, press STEP.
Press BACK to move to the previous display. Or, press STOP
to return to the first configuration display. From here, you can
return to the main menu by pressing STOP twice.
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There are two additional configurable parameters that let you
change the time constants for MicroAmp Reaction Tubes and Thin
Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes. We recommend that you only
change these values if instructed to do so by future documentation.
For more information, see pages 7-28 to 7-33.
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Heater and Chiller Tests
After you have configured the GeneAmp PCR System 9600,
perform the heater and chiller tests as described in the following
sections to verify that the instrument is operating correctly.
Heater Test
The heater test verifies that the sample block heaters and
electronics are operating correctly. At the conclusion of the test,
the display indicates whether the test was successful or not. The
test takes approximately three minutes to run.
CAUTION Before you begin this test, make sure you place an
empty MicroAmp Tray (MicroAmp Tray/Retainer Set, Part No.
N801-0530) on the sample block, then slide the heated cover
forward and turn the cover knob clockwise until the white mark on
the knob lines up with the white mark on the cover.
1
Access the main menu (shown below). (This display appears a few
seconds after you turn on the instrument. At any other time, you
can get to the main menu by pressing the STOP key until this
display appears.)
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
Press the OPTION key three times to move the cursor under UTIL,
then press ENTER.
The Utilities menu is displayed:
Select function
DIR-CONFIG-DIAG-DEL
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3
Press the OPTION key twice to move the cursor under DIAG and
press ENTER.
A display referring to the first diagnostic test appears:
Enter Diag test # 1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
4
Change the "1" to a "2" by pressing 2. Then press ENTER.
The following display appears and the test begins:
Enter Diag test # 2
HEATER TEST
If “Heater Test Passed” appears on the display as shown below,
proceed to the chiller test. If “Heater Test Failed” appears on the
display, notify an Applied Biosystems Service Engineer.
Heater Test Passed
5
Press STOP to go to the next test (Test #3).
Next, you will run the chiller test, which is accessible from the first
diagnostic display.
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Chiller Test
The chiller test verifies that the refrigeration system is operating
correctly.
CAUTION Before you begin this test, make sure you place an
empty MicroAmp Tray (MicroAmp Tray/Retainer Set, Part No.
N801-0530) on the sample block, then slide the heated cover
forward and turn the cover knob clockwise until the white mark on
the knob lines up with the white mark on the cover.
1
The following display should appear. If not, follow Steps 1 through
3 in the heater test procedure on page 2-19.
Enter Diag test # 1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
To access the chiller test, press 3 and press ENTER.
The following display appears and the test begins:
Enter Diag test # 3
CHILLER TEST
The test takes from 3 to 12 minutes to complete. If “Chiller Test
Passed” appears on the display as shown below, the refrigeration
system is operating correctly. If “Chiller Test Failed” appears on the
display, notify an Applied Biosystems Service Engineer.
Chiller Test Passed
3
Press STOP to exit the test. The next test (Test #4) will appear on
the display. Press STOP again to return to the Utilities menu.
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Tutorial: Customizing a
PCR CYCL Program 3
3
Introduction
This tutorial explains how to set up a time and temperature profile
for PCR. To do this, you will customize the CYCL (Cycle) program
stored in instrument memory.
Follow the instructions in this tutorial step by step and you will
learn how to:
♦
start the instrument and get to the CYCL program
♦
use the keypad to view all the displays in the CYCL program
♦
customize the CYCL program by entering your own times and
temperatures for a PCR profile
♦
start a trial run
By working through this tutorial, you’ll become familiar with the
basic operation of the system in about 30 minutes. You’ll see how
quick and easy it is to enter times and temperatures for a PCR
profile and start a run.
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Before You Start
Before you start this tutorial:
1
The system should be properly installed either by an Applied
Biosystems service representative or according to the supplied
instructions in Chapter 2, Installation, in this manual.
2
Read Chapter 1 in this manual.
3
Unwrap one of the MicroAmp Trays supplied with the instrument.
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What is a CYCL Program?
A CYCL program is a set of instructions in which you specify how
the instrument should heat and cool your samples in a PCR
cycle. The CYCL program is stored in the instrument software.
You view the CYCL program by scrolling through a series of
displays on the front panel screen. By entering the times and
temperatures for your PCR application, you can easily customize
the program to your needs.
The CYCL program is a common type of PCR thermal profile.
Typically, it consists of two or three setpoints or incubation
temperatures (see Figure 3-1). The first setpoint is used for
template denaturation or melting. The second setpoint is used for
primer annealing, and the third setpoint is used for primer
extension.
Each cycle may be repeated up to 99 times.
Figure 3-1
A common CYCL program.
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For each setpoint, you specify a target temperature, a ramp time,
and a hold time (see Figure 3-1). The ramp time is the time it
takes to change from one temperature to another. The hold time
is the length of the samples will be held at the specified
temperature. With the GeneAmp PCR System 9600, the hold
time begins when the samples, not the block, reach the target
temperature.
Figure 3-2
Setting temperature and time values for Setpoint #1.
The display in Figure 3-2 shows the default values for Setpoint
#1. Defaults are commonly used times, temperatures, and other
values. For example, the default ramp time is 0:00 minutes. This
causes the sample to heat or cool to the target temperature as
fast as possible.
You can change the default times and temperatures as
necessary to customize the program. You will see that the CYCL
program is similar to a form, which you can fill out with your
thermal cycling instructions.
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Starting Up the Instrument
Press the power switch (see Figure 1-3) to the ON position.
Figure 3-3
Location of power switch.
A beeper sounds, and all three indicator lights on the control
panel flash. The screen lights up and a series of displays appear.
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Getting to the CYCL Program
1
After you start the instrument, the main menu (shown below)
appears on the screen.
Select Option 9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
Think of the main menu as your “home base.” It gives you access to
the major functions of the instrument. You can easily get to the main
menu from any of the other displays by pressing the STOP key one
or two times.
Note If you press the wrong key in the steps that follow, press STOP
one or two times to return to the main menu and start again.
2
Look for the cursor on the main menu. The cursor is the short line
that appears under the “R” in RUN.
Select Option 9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
Cursor
1
The cursor marks the current selection on the display.
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3
To select an option on the main menu, you use the OPTION key. To
learn how the OPTION key works, follow these steps:
a. Press the OPTION key to move the cursor from one selection to
the next:
b.
When the cursor reaches the last selection (UTIL), press
OPTION to move the cursor to the first selection again:
The OPTION key is used the same way on many different
displays.
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4
To create a program, you need to select the CREATE option. Press
the OPTION key once to move the cursor under CREATE:
Select Option 9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
Cursor
5
Press ENTER
The next display appears:
You have now learned how to make a menu selection. Using the
OPTION key, you mark your selection, then you press ENTER to
accept it. You’ll do this again in the next step.
Create program
HOLD-CYCL-AUTO-METH
6
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor under CYCL. This option
allows you to create a CYCL program. Then press ENTER to
accept this selection.
The first display in the CYCL program appears:
3 Temperature PCR
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A Look at the CYCL Program
In the following steps, you will look at the main displays in the
CYCL program. In each display, you will see the default
parameters (e.g., times and temperatures) that make up a
common PCR cycle. Using the STEP key, you will quickly step
through all the displays and accept the default values. Keep in
mind, however, that default values can be changed, which you
will do later on in this tutorial.
1
The first screen in the CYCL program should still be on your
display:
3 Temperature PCR
Cursor
This display sets the number of setpoints or incubation
temperatures in one cycle. The cursor marks the default value, 3,
which specifies three-temperature PCR cycling.
2
Press STEP. This accepts the default value of three set-points and
moves you to the next display:
Setpt #1 Ramp 0:00
94.0C
Hold 0:30
This display sets the ramp time, temperature, and hold time for
Setpoint 1 — typically used for template denaturation.
The temperature of the first PCR setpoint is 94 degrees C and is
held for 30 seconds.
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3
Press STEP to accept all of the default values and move to the next
display.
The display for Setpoint #2 appears:
Setpt #2 Ramp 0:00
55.0C
Hold 0:30
This display sets the ramp time, temperature, and hold time for
Setpoint #2 — used for primer annealing.
For a three-temperature cycle, the second PCR setpoint is
commonly 55 degrees C and is held for 30 seconds.
4
Press STEP to accept the default ramp time, temperature, and hold
time for Setpoint #2.
The display for Setpoint #3 appears:
Setpt #3 Ramp 0:00
72.0C
Hold 0:30
This display sets the ramp time, temperature, and hold time for
Setpoint #3 — used for primer extension.
For a three-temperature cycle, the third PCR setpoint is commonly
72 degrees C and is held for 30 seconds.
5
Press STEP to accept the default ramp time, temperature, and hold
time for Setpoint #3.
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The following display appears:
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
6
Press the BACK key to review the display for Setpoint #3. The
illustration below shows you how the BACK key works.
Setpt #3 Ramp 0:00
72.0C
Hold 0:30
Press
Back
To display
the previous
screen
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? No
7
Now, press STEP to move forward again to the next display:
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
“Total cycles” specifies the number of times the three-temperature
cycle will be repeated. The prompt that reads “Pause during run?”
is used to automatically interrupt a run in the first or successive
cycles. This lets you add reagents or add or remove samples, then
continue the run.
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8
Press STEP to accept the default values in the display.
The following display appears:
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
This is the last display in the program. From here, you have the
option of running, storing, or printing the program, or reviewing it
again. In the next procedure, you will go through the program again
to customize it with new PCR parameters.
9
Press STEP to return to the first display:
3 Temperature PCR
You have now viewed the main displays in the standard CYCL
program and the default parameters for a common PCR profile.
Figure 3-4 on the next page summarizes how to use the keypad
to move through a program.
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Figure 3-4
Moving through the CYCL program displays.
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Customizing the CYCL Program
In the steps below, you will customize the CYCL program by
changing some of the default parameters. Although we suggest
some new temperatures and times to use, you may want to
choose values relating to a current PCR application in your lab.
Defining the Number of Setpoints
1
The first display in the CYCL program (shown below) should appear
on your display. If it does not, press STOP one or two times to
return to the main menu. Then refer to “Getting to the CYCL
Program” on page 3-6.
3 Temperature PCR
2
In this display, you specify the number of setpoints to be used in the
program. (For example, if you wanted to perform two-temperature
PCR, you would press 2.) For this tutorial, you will set up a threetemperature PCR program, so just press ENTER to accept the default value of 3.
The display for Setpoint #1 appears.
Setpt #1 Ramp 0:00
94.0C
Hold 0:30
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Defining Values for Setpoint # 1
Setpt #1 Ramp 0:00
94.0C
Hold 0:30
In the following steps, you will change some of the default values
for Setpoint #1.
1
Look for the cursor on the display. It appears under the ramp time.
The default time of 0:00 is most commonly used. This causes the
sample to be heated or cooled to the target temperature as fast as
possible.
2
For this example, we will not change the default ramp time. Press
ENTER to accept 0:00 minutes.
The cursor moves to the temperature entry.
Setpt #1 Ramp 0:00
Hold 0:30
94.0C
3
Change the temperature to 96.5 degrees C. Press 9, then 6, then 5.
If you make a mistake, press CE (Clear Entry) to erase the value,
then start again. When the value is correct, press ENTER.
Note that the temperature is set to the nearest tenth of a degree. To
enter a whole number such as 94 degrees C, you must specify 94.0
(press 9, then 4, then 0).
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The cursor moves to the hold time:
Setpt #1 Ramp 0:00
96.0C
Hold 0:30
4
Sometimes, you may want to change an entry after you have
pressed ENTER. To move back to the previous entry, you press the
BACK key. The cursor is now at the hold time. Press BACK to move
the cursor back to the temperature:
Setpt $1 Ramp 0:00
94.0C
Hold 0:30
Press
Back
To move
the cursor
back to the
previous
parameter
5
Now press ENTER to move the cursor forward again to the hold
time.
6
For this example, we will not change the default hold time. Press
ENTER to accept 0:30 seconds for the hold time.
The display for Setpoint #2 appears
Setpt #2 Ramp 0:00
55.0C
Hold 0:30
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Defining Values for Setpoint #2
Setpt #2 Ramp 0:00
55.0C
Hold 0:30
1
Use the default ramp time by pressing ENTER
2
Enter 52.5 degrees C for the temperature by pressing 5, then 2,
then 5. Then press ENTER.
3
We will not change the hold time, Press STEP to skip over this
entry,
The display for Setpoint #3 appears.
Defining Values for Setpoint #3
Setpt #3 Ramp 0:00
72.0C
Hold 0:30
1
Use the default ramp time by pressing ENTER.
2
Enter 74.5 degrees C for the temperature. Press ENTER.
3
We will not change the hold time, Press STEP to skip over this entry
and move to the next display:
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
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Specifying the Number of Cycles
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
The first entry in the above display specifies the number of times
the cycle will be repeated.
1
Enter 30 cycles: press 3 then press 0. When the entry is
correct, press ENTER.
The cursor moves to the entry, “Pause during run?” This allows you
to pause a run to add a reagent to your sample solutions, for
example.
2
The OPTION key is also used to change a NO selection to a YES
and vice versa. The illustration below shows how this function of the
OPTION key works.
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
Press
Option
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run?YES
To change NO to
YES and vice versa
a. Press the OPTION key once
The YES option appears in place of NO.
b.
For this example, no pause will be specified. Press OPTION
again to display NO, then press ENTER to accept this selection
and proceed.
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The next display (the last display in the program) is:
Program Type
CYCL
Program Number not yet assigned
O
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
O
“CYCL” in this display means that the type of program you have
set up is a CYCL program. “#???” means that the program
doesn’t have a program number yet since it hasn’t been stored.
Store the program following the procedure on the next page. This
will allow you to run the program you have customized at any
time in the future without needing to set it up again.
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Storing Your CYCL Program
1
The following display should appear on your screen:
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
2
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor beneath STORE, then
press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Enter program #
x
At the cursor, x is the next available program number. If this is the
first program stored on the instrument, x would be a “1” on the
display.
3
Press ENTER to store the program under the displayed number.
The following display appears:
Store
Protect program? NO
4
This display gives you the option of protecting the program under a
user identification number. More details on this option are given in
the next chapter. For this example, choose NO and press ENTER.
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The following display appears:
Prog# x
OK to store? YES
5
Press ENTER to store the program
The following display appears:
Program Type
CYCL
Assigned Program Number (1)
O
CYCL# 1
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
On this display, CYCL is the type of program you have set up. The
number of the program appears on the display following the
program type.
Your program is stored with the parameters you have entered. From
this display, you could print the program parameters if a printer is
available. Or, by selecting HOME to return to the main menu, you
could create or edit other programs, or link together a series of programs in a PCR method.
Our next step will be to use the stored program for a trial run
(without loading any samples).
6
Press OPTION to move the cursor to HOME, then press ENTER.
The main menu appears:
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
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Starting a Trial Run
In the following steps, you will learn how to load a tray and run
the program you just stored, then stop it after a few moments.
You will not be loading any samples in the tray for this exercise,
but will be able to see how a run is initiated.
Loading a Tray (without samples)
Load an empty tray in the sample block by following these steps.
1
Turn the cover knob fully counterclockwise (see Figure 3-5). This
should be done whenever you move the heated cover to ensure
that the heated plate underneath is filly raised.
2
Slide the heated cover away from you.
3
Locate an empty sample tray and orient it so that the cutout in the
lower rim is on the left side. Place the tray in the sample block.
4
Move the heated cover forward to cover the sample compartment to
safeguard against burns. No samples are loaded in the tray so
leave the cover knob fully counterclockwise. This keeps the plate
raised above the tray since no samples will be heated.
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Figure 3-5
Sliding the heated cover forward for a trial run.
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Running the Program
1
Look at the display. The main menu (shown below) should be
displayed. If not press the STOP key one or two times.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
With the cursor beneath RUN, press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Run
Enter program # _
3
Press the key for the number of the program you created and stored
earlier in this tutorial. (If it was the first program stored on the
system, press 1.) Then press the ENTER key.
The following display appears:
Select tube
MICRO
Reaction vol? 100uL
4
This display lets you define the type of sample tube you are using
and the reaction volume of that tube. Press ENTER to accept the
default values displayed.
Note If the printer has been enabled (using the Utilities function), a
display that reads “Select print mode” appears. Select OFF and press
ENTER since a printer is not used in this example.
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5
Before the run starts, a display will appear that reminds you to close
and tighten the heated cover,
When the run starts, you will see a run-time display that is
continuously updated for the program being run. During ramp
segments, you will see the following display:
Setpoint temperature
Current sample
temperature
O
Ramp to 96.5C xx.xC
0:30
Cycle 1
Time remaining in current
ramp or hold segment
Current cycle #
During hold segments, you will see the following display:
Setpoint temperature
Current sample
temperature
O
Ramp to 96.5C xx.xC
0:22
Cycle 1
Time remaining in current
ramp or hold segment
Current cycle #
These two run-time displays alternately appear during ramps and
holds in the run.
6
Press the MORE key to display more information about the run.
A second run-time display appears:
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Current setpoint number
Total cycles in program
O
Setpt #1 Tot Cyc 30
Hrs left 0.7 Prog 1
Estimated time left in
program
Current program #
7
Press MORE again to return you to the first run-time display. The
illustration below shows you how the MORE key works.
O
Ramp to 96.5C xx.xC
0:30
Cycle 1
Press
More
Setpt #1 Tot Cyc 30
Hrs left 0.7 Prog 1
8
To move between
the two run-time displays
After a few moments, press the STOP key to abort the run.
The following display appears:
CYCL# 1
xx.xC
Abort program? YES
9
Press the ENTER key to stop the program.
A display similar to the one shown below appears:
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CYCL# 1 Abort xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
10 You can now return to the main menu. Press the OPTION key to
move the cursor to HOME, then press ENTER.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
The Next Step
In this tutorial, you have learned how to set up a threetemperature PCR CYCL program. You may now want to try
creating a CYCL program to perform two-temperature PCR. Start
by selecting CREATE on the main menu, Then, select CYCL for
the type of program you want to create. Enter 2 in the first display
in the program for two-temperature PCR, then customize the rest
of the program as you like.
In Chapter 4, you will find a summary of the keypad functions and
more information about the software and the main menu.
Chapter 5 explains how to customize any of the three PCR
programs available — HOLD, CYCL, and AUTO — and how to
link programs together to create a method.
In Chapter 6, you will find information on loading and running
your PCR samples.
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Software Basics
4
4
Introduction
This chapter presents an overview of the GeneAmp® PCR
System 9600 software and describes the HOLD, CYCL, and,
AUTO programs and PCR methods.
Included are the following main sections:
♦
Reviewing Keypad Basics
♦
A Close Look at the Main Menu
♦
An Overview of PCR Programs and Methods
♦
The HOLD Program
♦
CYCL: The Cycle Program
♦
The AUTO Program
♦
PCR Methods
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Reviewing Keypad Basics
If you haven’t already done so, go through the Tutorial in
Chapter 3 to learn how to use the keys. The following section
summarizes the functions of the keys.
On the left side of the keypad are function keys used to select the
thermal cycling parameters and run programs.
The right side of the keypad is used to specify numeric values, for
example, time and temperatures for an analysis, or the number of
cycles. After you type a numeric value, you press the ENTER key.
Figure 4-1
Keypad.
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Use of the Keys
There are two types of keys: run-time keys and editing keys. Runtime keys are used while running samples, for example, to start
and stop an analysis. Editing keys are used to move through the
different displays and select program options. The ENTER key is
also considered an editing key. After you select an item by
marking it with the cursor, pressing ENTER accepts your
selection.
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A Close Look at the Main Menu
Select Option 9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
The main menu (shown above) appears a few seconds after the
instrument is first turned on. If the instrument is already on and
the main menu is not shown, you can always access the main
menu by pressing the STOP key until it is displayed.
Note If the display on your screen has the following options: “RUNSTORE-PRINT-HOME,” you can select HOME to get to the main menu.
(Press the OPTION key to move the cursor under HOME, then press
ENTER.)
The functions on the main menu are described below.
Function
When to select...
RUN
Select this option to start PCR thermal
cycling on samples using any of the
PCR programs that you have stored.
CREATE
Select this option to create a new PCR
program.
EDIT
Select this option to make changes to
any of the PCR programs you have
stored.
UTIL
Select the UTIL (Utilities) option to see
a history of the run, review a list of
your stored programs, configure the
GeneAmp PCR System 9600, run
diagnostics, or delete programs. The
Utilities functions are described in
Chapter 7.
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Selecting a Function
1
Press OPTION to move the cursor from one option to the next.
When the cursor reaches UTIL, pressing OPTION again will move it
back to RUN.
2
When the cursor is at the desired selection, press ENTER.
You will then see the first display for the option you selected.
For example, when you select RUN or EDIT, you will be asked to
enter the number of a program. When you select CREATE, you
then select the type of program you want to use. For UTIL, you
are asked to select a Utilities function, for example, a directory or
listing of your programs.
Figure 4-2
Access to the major functions of the software.
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An Overview of PCR Programs and Methods
A program is a set of instructions in which you specify how the
instrument should heat and cool your samples for PCR. Three
types of programs are stored in the instrument software HOLD,
CYCL, and AUTO. You can view each program by scrolling
through a series of displays on the front panel screen.
Each program contains default parameters, which you can
change as necessary to customize the program. Think of a
program as similar to a form, which you can fill out with your
thermal cycling instructions.
The three types of programs are described below.
♦
A HOLD program consists of a single temperature held for a
specific time interval or for an extended (e.g., overnight)
period.
♦
A CYCL (Cycle) program comprises a repeated pattern of
temperature ramp and hold segments for PCR cycling.
♦
In an AUTO program, a more versatile form of CYCL
program, the setpoint time, and/or temperature can be
automatically incremented or decremented a fixed amount
every cycle.
Linking Programs in a PCR Method
You may also create a Method, which links together up to 17
programs. For example, a method could include a HOLD file
used for pre-PCR incubation, followed by a three-temperature
CYCL program, followed by a final HOLD program for post-PCR
incubation.
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Figure 4-3
HOLD, CYCL, AUTO, and METH programs
Storing Programs and Methods
By storing the programs and methods you can easily access and
run them later. Up to 150 programs be stored on the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600. A program can be a method (a series of
linked programs) or an individual program. Both methods and
programs are assigned program numbers.
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The HOLD Program
During a HOLD program the temperature of the sample block
(and the sample) is held at one temperature for either a fixed time
interval or an indefinite period. Figures 4-4 and 4-5 show the two
common types of HOLD programs. A HOLD program would
normally be used before or after running a CYCL program. For
example a high temperature (e.g., 94 degrees C) HOLD might be
used before cycling and a low temperature (e.g., 4 degrees C)
HOLD might be used after cycling.
The clock starts when the sample temperature is within one
degree C of the target temperature.
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Figure 4-4
A HOLD program held for an indefinite time.
Figure 4-5
A HOLD program held for a specific time interval.
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CYCL: The Cycle Program
A CYCL program contains the thermal ramp and hold segment
patterns for PCR cycling. It contains up to nine setpoints. Each
setpoint comprises a ramp segment and a hold segment for the
specific target temperature. The pattern can be repeated up to 99
times. A complete cycle for a common profile requires about
three or four minutes.
Typically, there are two or three setpoints in a CYCL program.
The first setpoint is commonly used for DNA denaturation or
melting. For example, the setpoint temperature can be set to 94
degrees C for about 10 to 20 seconds, when double strands of
DNA are separated into single strands.
The second setpoint is commonly used for primer annealing. For
example, the setpoint temperature can be lowered to between 45
and 55 degrees C for typically not less than 15 seconds, when a
unique pair of primers bind or anneal to the start and end points
of the target sequence.
For the third setpoint, the primers are extended. For example,
DNA can be polymerized at approximately 72 degrees C for a
time interval of typically not less than 15 seconds.
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Figure 4-6
A common CYCL program
4-11
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The AUTO Program
An AUTO program allows the user to automatically increment or
decrement the setpoint times and temperatures a fixed amount
every cycle.
By increasing the extension time with each cycle, it may be
possible to increase product yield with a fixed amount of enzyme.
The enzyme is not initially limiting, but eventually, if more enzyme
is not added, longer times may be needed to continue with
exponential increases in product.
An AUTO program may also be desirable when it is found that the
melting temperature of DNA is increasing as the DNA becomes
more concentrated. In this instance, an AUTO program would be
used to incrementally increase the denaturation temperature over
a series of cycles.
Another use of an AUTO program is to incrementally increase the
annealing temperature over the first several cycles for greater
specificity of primer binding. After the first several cycles (usually,
two to five), the annealing temperature is kept constant.
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Figure 4-7
An AUTO program used to increase hold time.
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PCR Methods
PCR methods are used to automatically link together up to 17
programs for a specific PCR application. To create a method, you
use the METH program. An example of a method is shown in
Figure 4-8. This method starts with a HOLD file used for pre-PCR
denaturation (e.g., 94.0 degrees C for five minutes). This is
followed by a CYCL program for three-temperature PCR. A final
HOLD program concludes the run, for post-PCR storage
overnight (at 4.0 degrees C, for example).
Figure 4-8
An example of a PCR method.
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Setting Up PCR Programs
and Methods
5
5
Introduction
This chapter describes how to use the HOLD, CYCL, and AUTO
programs to create your own PCR programs. You will learn how
to store, access, edit, and print these programs.
This chapter also describes how to setup a PCR method, in
which you specify a sequence of programs for a run. For
example, pre-PCR incubations, PCR cycling, and post-PCR
incubations can be linked together in a single method. You will
also learn how to store, edit, and print the methods you create.
At the end of this chapter, you will find information on the displays
found in the HOLD, CYCL, and AUTO programs.
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Setting Hold Times on the GeneAmp® PCR System 9600
If you have used the DNA Thermal Cycler or DNA Thermal
Cycler 480, read the following information on setting hold times.
These general guidelines are based upon differences in how the
instruments heat and cool samples.
The hold times that you specify in your PCR Cycle and Auto
programs for the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 will be shorter
than those you used for your Step-Cycle or Thermo-Cycle files
on the DNA Thermal Cycler. This is because the DNA Thermal
Cycler starts counting the hold time when the block reaches a
temperature one degree before the target temperature, while the
GeneAmp PCR System 9600 starts counting the hold time when
the samples reach a temperature one degree before the target
temperature.
As shown in Figure 5-1, since the block reaches the target
temperature before the samples, the programmed hold time on
the DNA Thermal Cycler must include enough time for the
samples to reach the target temperature. A hold time of one
minute or greater is required on the DNA Thermal Cycler for the
samples to reach the target temperature. On the GeneAmp PCR
System 9600, hold times of less than one minute are generally
used.
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Figure 5-1 Heating ramps on the DNA Thermal Cycler 480 and GeneAmp
PCR System 9600
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Tables 5-1 and 5-2 show guidelines on how to convert hold times
for the DNA Thermal Cycler or DNA Thermal Cycler 480 to hold
times for the GeneAmp PCR System 9600. The table you use will
depend on whether you are using an up ramp (the temperature is
higher than in the previous segment) or a down ramp (the
temperature is lower).
♦
If you are using an up ramp, you will base the new hold time
on the change in temperature required to reach the next
target temperature. See Table 5-1.
♦
If you are using a down ramp, you will base the new hold time
on the starting temperature of the ramp and the change in
temperature required to reach the next target temperature.
See Table 5-2.
For up ramps, determine the change in temperature required to
reach the next target temperature and round this off to the closest
value given below. Then subtract the number of seconds
indicated from the hold time used for the DNA Thermal Cycler.
This will give you the hold time to use for the GeneAmp PCR
System 9600. The typically recommended hold time is 10 to 15
seconds for denaturation.
Table 5-1 After Up Ramps: Converting Hold Times Greater than
One Minute (DNA Thermal Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600)
∆Temp.
(°C)
Seconds to Subtract from DNA Thermal
Cycler Hold Times (> 1 min.)
10°
38 sec.
15°
45 sec.
20°
49 sec.
30°
54 sec.
40°
55 sec.
50°
57 sec.
60°
57 sec.
5-4
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Figure 5-2 shows an example of converted hold times.
In this example, the temperature was increased by 17 degrees C,
This value was rounded to 15 degrees C. According to Table 5-1,
we should subtract 45 seconds from the hold time on the DNA
Thermal Cycler, giving us a new hold time of 35 seconds.
Figure 5-2 Sample conversion of hold times for up ramps (DNA Thermal
Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600)
Note If methods developed on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 will
be used on the DNA Thermal Cycler, you can also use Table 5-1 to
convert the hold times. Simply add the indicated times instead of
subtracting them.
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Table 5-2 After Down Ramps: Converting Hold Times Greater
than One Minute (DNA Thermal Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System
9600)
For down ramps, determine the change in temperature required
to reach the next target temperature, then round off this value to
the closest value given below. Then, based on the starting
temperature of the ramp, determine the number of seconds to
subtract from the DNA Thermal Cycler hold time to arrive at the
new hold time. The typically recommended hold time is 10 to 15
seconds for annealing.
Seconds to Subtract from DNA Thermal Cycler Hold Times (> 1 min.)
∆Temp.
Starting Temperature of Ramp (°C)
(°C)
35-55°
56-75°
76-95°
10°
39 sec.
39 sec.
40 sec.
15°
45 sec.
47 sec.
48 sec.
20°
49 sec.
52 sec.
53 sec.
30°
56 sec.
59 sec.
40°
57 sec.
62 sec.
50°
62 sec.
60°
60 sec.
Figure 5-3 shows an example of converted hold times
5-6
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In the example below, the temperature was decreased by 22
degrees C. This value was rounded to 20 degrees C. According
to Table 5-2, with a starting temperature of 94 degrees C, we
should subtract 53 seconds from the hold time on the DNA
Thermal Cycler, giving us a new hold time of 27 seconds.
Figure 5-3 Sample conversion of hold times for down ramps (DNA Thermal
Cycler to GeneAmp PCR System 9600)
Note If methods developed on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 will
be used on the DNA Thermal Cycler, you can also use Table 5-2 to
convert the hold times. Simply add the indicated times instead of
subtracting them.
5-7
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Editing Keys
To create, view, or edit programs and methods, you will use the
following keys.
Figure 5-4
Editing Keys
The function of each key is described below.
BACK
Moves the cursor to the previous parameter or display.
STEP
Moves the cursor to the next parameter or display
OPTION
Moves the cursor to your selection. Changes a YES
response to a NO and vice versa.
STOP
Returns you to the last display in a program when
pressed once. When pressed twice, returns you to the
main menu.
CE
Clear Entry: Clears the numeric entry marked by the
cursor.
ENTER
Accepts the selection marked by the cursor.
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Creating and Editing Programs
The main steps involved in creating and editing programs are
summarized below. These steps are explained in detail in the
following pages.
1
Start at the main menu.
2
Choose one of the following:
a. Select CREATE on the main menu if you want to create a new
program.
b.
On the next display, choose the type of program — HOLD,
CYCL, or AUTO — you want to create.
OR
a. Select EDIT on the main menu if you want to view or edit a
program you have already stored (and assigned a program
number).
3
View the displays in the program and make any changes to the
thermal cycling parameters.
4
In the last display in the program, you can choose to:
RUN
Allows you to run a program that you have
customized and stored immediately. If you do not
store the program first, you will have to recreate it if
you want to use it later.
STORE
Allows you to save the program you have customized
before running it. Once you have stored a program, it
may be run at any time.
PRINT
Select this option to print the program you have
customized.
HOME
Select this option to display the main menu.
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Creating a Program
1
Access the main menu.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
Press the OPTION key to select CREATE, then press ENTER.
The following display appears
Create a program
HOLD-CYCL-AUTO-METH
3
Press the OPTION key to select the type of program — HOLD,
CYCL, or AUTO — you want to create, then press ENTER. (The
METH option is used to create a method. See page 5-18.)
4
Specify the thermal cycling parameters for the program. The
displays in each program are described in the tables at the end of
this chapter.
The last display to appear allows you to run, store, or print the
program. For example, this display appears at the end of a CYCL
program:
Program Type:
CYCL
Program Number (not yet assigned)
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
5
In most cases, you will want to store the program and assign it a
number so that it can be run at any time. Use the following
procedure to store the program.
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Storing the Program
1
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor beneath STORE, then
press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Enter program #
x
The number “x” is the next available number. If this is the first file
being stored, “x” would be a “1” on the display. Up to 150 programs
can be stored.
2
Press ENTER to store the method under the displayed number.
OR
To use a different number, type the number (1-150), then press
ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Protect program? NO
3
The above display gives you the option of protecting the file under a
user identification number. By doing so, the file cannot be
overwritten or deleted unless the user number is entered.
Select YES or NO by pressing the OPTION key, then press ENTER.
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If you select YES, the following display will appear:
Store
Enter user #
In this display, you can specify any number from 1 to 9999 for your
user identification number. Make a note of the number you choose
for later use. Type the number, then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Prog # x User #xxxx
OK to store? YES
Note If you see a display that reads, “Prog #x: OK to (overwrite?,”
you typed a number (in Step 2) that has already been used. Press
OPTION key to select YES or NO. YES stores the new file and erases
(overwrites) the old one. NO cancels the action and lets you choose a
new number (see the beginning of this procedure).
4
Press ENTER to store the program,
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Editing a Program
When you want to view a program you have stored or make
changes to it, you use the Edit function. You can also modify an
existing program to create a new one. This can save you time
when you need to change only certain program parameters.
To edit a program:
1
Access the main menu.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
Press the OPTION key to select EDIT, then press ENTER.
You obtain the following display:
Edit
Enter program #
3
Type the number of the program you wish to edit, then press
ENTER.
The first display for the program or method appears. For example, if
you are editing a CYCL program, you will see the display that reads
“3 temperature PCR.”
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Note If you enter a number for a program that does not exist, you will
see a message that reads “Program not found.” The next display allows
you to choose the program number you want to edit again.
4
Edit the program as necessary. The displays in each program are
described in the tables at the end of this chapter. Press ENTER
after you make a numeric entry. Press STEP to advance to the next
display. Press BACK to return to a previous parameter or display.
5
The last display gives you the option of storing the program. Press
the OPTION key to select STORE, then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Enter Program #
x
The next available number (x) appears at the cursor
6
To store the program, you have two options. You can create a new
copy of the program and save the old one (see Step 6a). Or, you
can replace the original program with the new version (see Step
6b).
a. Press ENTER to store the program under the next available
number (the one that appears in the display). This will create a
new program. The original program that you edited will still be
available under its original number. Once you press ENTER,
the next display will ask you if you want to protect the program.
If you choose to do so, you will be asked to enter a user
identification number.
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b.
Type the original number for the program, then press ENTER.
This allows you to replace the original program with the new
edited version. The subsequent display will ask “OK to
overwrite?”
Select YES and the original program will be over-written by the
new edited version.
If the original program was protected, you will need to enter the
user identification number that was specified when the program
was first created before you can overwrite it. The following
display will appear:
Prog x is protected
Enter user #
_
Type the correct user number, then press ENTER. The next
display will ask “OK to overwrite?” Select YES and the original
program will be overwritten by the new edited version.
5-15
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Printing a Program
If the instrument is configured for a printer, you can obtain a
printout of the parameters in a program. For more information on
configuring a printer, see Chapter 7, “Utilities.”
1
You can print any program when the last display in the program is
on the screen. The last display for the Cycle program is shown
below. (To quickly get to this display while you are in a program,
press STOP.)
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
2
Press the OPTION key twice to select PRINT, then press ENTER.
The program is printed.
AB
GeneAmp PCR System 9600
Ver 2
June 1, 1992
10:52 am
CYCL Progr- #??? — Program Parameters
3 Temperature PCR
SetPt #1
94.0C
Ramp
Hold
0:00
0:30
SetPt #2
55.0C
Ramp
Hold
0:00
0:30
SetPT #3
72.0C
Ramp
Hold
0:00
0:30
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
Figure 5-5
Example of a printout for a CYCL program.
5-16
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Creating and Editing Methods
The main steps involved in creating and editing methods are
summarized below. These steps are explained in more detail on
the following pages.
1
Start at the main menu.
2
Choose one of the following:
a. On the main menu, select CREATE if you want to create a new
method.
b.
Then select METH on the next display.
OR
a. Select EDIT on the main menu if you want to view or edit a
method you have already stored (and assigned a number).
3
Link together a series of programs.
4
In the next display, you can choose to:
RUN
Allows you to run the method immediately. If you do
not store the method first, you will have to recreate it if
you want to use it later.
STORE
Allows you to save the method before running it.
Once you have stored a method, it may be run at any
time.
PRINT
Select this option to print the list of linked programs,
or the program parameters for each program.
HOME
Select this option to display the main menu.
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Creating a Method
A method is a series of up to 17 programs linked together. For
example, you can link a HOLD program to a CYCL program and
conclude your experiment with another HOLD program.
To create a method:
1
Access the main menu.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
Press the OPTION key to select CREATE, then press ENTER.
You obtain the following display:
Create program
HOLD-CYCL-AUTO-METH
3
Press the OPTION key to select METH, then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Link progs: _- 4
-
Type the program numbers of the programs you want linked. After
you type each number, press ENTER.
For example, to link programs 1, 3, and 5, your display would look
like this:
Link progs: 15- - -
3-
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Note If you enter a program number for a program that does not
exist, you will see a message that reads “Program not found.” The next
display allows you to choose the program number you want to edit
again.
A program can appear more than one time in a method. Also, the
same program can be used in more than one method.
5
Press STEP to move to the next display. If you are linking seven or
more programs in a method, the following display appears.
-
-
-
-
-
This display lets you link up to ten additional programs in the
method.
Note
You cannot link a method.
6
Type the program numbers of the programs you want linked. After
you type each number, press ENTER.
7
Press STEP to move to the next display.
Meth#???
25.6C
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
This display allows you to run, store, or print the method. In most
cases, you will want to store the method so that it can be run at any
time. Instructions for storing a method are given on page 5-21.
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8
Program Type:
(Method)
The last display to appear when you are creating a method allows
you to run, store, or print the method:
Program Number (not yet assigned)
METH#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
9
In most cases, you will want to store the method and assign it a
number so that it can be run at any time. Use the following
procedure to store the method.
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Storing the Method
1
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor beneath STORE, then
press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Enter program #
x
X is the next available number. If this is the first file being stored, x
would be a “1” on the display.
2
Press ENTER to store the method under the displayed number.
OR
To use a different number, type the number (1-150) then press
ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Protect program? NO
3
The above display gives you the option of protecting the file under a
user identification number. By doing so, the file cannot be
overwritten or deleted unless the user number is entered.
Select YES or NO by pressing the OPTION key, then press ENTER.
If you select YES, the following display will appear.
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Store
Enter user #
In this display, you can specify any number from 1 to 9999 for your
user identification number. Make a note of the number you choose
for later use. Type the number, then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Prog # x User #xxxx
OK to store? YES
Note If you see a display that reads, “Prog #x: OK to overwrite?; you
typed a number (in Step 2) that has already been used. Press OPTION
key to select YES or NO. YES stores the new file and erases
(overwrites) the old one. NO cancels the action and lets you choose a
new number (see the beginning of this procedure).
4
Press ENTER to store the method
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Editing a Method
When you want to view a stored method or change it so it
includes a different sequence of linked programs, you use the
Edit function.
To edit a method:
1
Access the main menu.
Select Option 9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
Press the OPTION key to select EDIT, then press ENTER.
You obtain the following display:
Edit
Enter program #
3
_
Type the number of the method you wish to edit, then press
ENTER.
The following display appears.
Link progs: _- 4
-
If desired, edit the sequence of linked programs.
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Note If you enter a program number for a program that does not
exist, you will see a message that reads “Program not found.” The next
display allows you to choose the program number you want to edit
again.
5
The last display gives you the option of storing the file. Press the
OPTION key to select STORE, then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Store
Enter program #
x
The next available number (x) appears at the cursor.
6
To store the method, you have two options. You can create a new
copy of the method and save the old one (see Step 6a). Or, you can
replace the original method with the new version (see Step 6b).
a. Press ENTER to store the method under the next available
number (the one that appears in the display). This will create a
new method. The original method that you edited will still be
available under its original number. Once you press ENTER,
the next display will ask you if you want to protect the program.
If you choose to do so, you will be asked to enter a user
identification number.
b.
Type the original number for the method, then press ENTER.
This allows you to replace the original method with the new
edited version. The subsequent display will ask “OK to
overwrite?” Select YES and the original method will be
overwritten by the new edited version.
5-24
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If the original method was protected, you will need to enter the user
identification number that was specified when the method was first
created before you can overwrite the method. The following display
will appear:
Prog x is protected
Enter user #
Type the correct user number, then press ENTER. The next display
will ask “OK to overwrite?” Select YES and the original method will
be overwritten by the new edited version.
Printing a Method
If the instrument is configured for a printer, you can obtain two
kinds of printouts for a method. For more information on
configuring a printer, see Chapter 7, “Utilities.”
1
You can print a method when the following display is shown.
METH#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
2
Press the OPTION key twice to select PRINT, then press ENTER.
The following display is shown:
Select option
METHOD-PROGRAM DATA
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3
AB
GeneAmp
Select METHOD to print out a list of the linked program numbers
specified in the method (see Figure 5-6). Or, select PROGRAM
DATA to print out the complete program parameters for each
program linked in the method.
PCR System 9600
Ver 2
June 1, 1992
10:55 am
METH Program #???
HOLD Program #l
CYCL Program #2
HOLD Program #3
Figure 5-6
Example of a method printout using METHOD.
If you selected the PROGRAM DATA option, you will obtain
printouts for each program that is specified in the method.
Figure 5-7 shows an example of a printout using the PROGRAM
DATA option.
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AB
GeneAmp PCR System 9600
Ver 2
June 1, 1992
10:59 am
METH Program #???
HOLD Program #1 - Program Parameters
Hold at 95.0C
Hold for 5:00
Beep while Hold? NO
CYCL Program #2 – Program Parameters
3 Temperature PCR
SetPt #l
94.0C
Ramp
Hold
0:00
0:30
SetPt #2
55.0C
Ramp
Hold
0:00
0:30
SetPt #3
72.0C
Ramp
Hold
0:00
0:30
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
HOLD Program #3 - Program Parameters
Hold at 4.0C
Hold FOREVER
Beep while Hold? NO
Figure 5-7
Example of a method printout using PROGRAM DATA.
5-27
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Software Shortcuts
Below are some hints to getting around quickly in the software
while you are creating or editing programs.
Using the STOP Key
While you are creating or editing a program, you may want to
start over, or use another function of the instrument. You can
easily do this by using the STOP key.
1
With any of the program displays shown, press STOP.
The following display appears:
Program Type:
(CYCL)
Program Number (not yet assigned)
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
Returns you to the main menu
2
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor under HOME, then press
ENTER.
The following display appears:
Prog ??? not stored!
Continue? YES
3
If you do not wish to store any changes you have made to the
program, press ENTER to accept the YES response This returns
you to the main menu.
If you change your mind and do not want to leave the program,
press OPTION to change YES to NO, then press ENTER. This
returns you to the display shown in Step 1 above. Then press STEP
to display the beginning of the program.
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A shortcut to the above procedure is:
1
With any of the program displays shown, press STOP.
The following display appears:
CYCL#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
2
Instead of selecting HOME on this display, you can immediately
return to the main menu by pressing STOP again. However, any
changes you have made to a program will be lost.
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Recalling Programs: A Shortcut
Once you have finished editing or running a program, you can
quickly recall another program without needing to return to the
main menu.
1
Once you have stored a program, your display will look like this
(CYCL program shown):
Program Type:
Program Number (26)
CYCL# 26
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
2
Although the cursor appears under RUN, at this point, you can
enter any program number. The program number you enter will
appear on the top line. Then press ENTER.
Note If the program type you entered is different from (the type
previously listed, this will be indicated on the display. For example, if you
entered the number of a Hold program in the above display, “HOLD”
would appear before the program number.
3
Once you enter the new program number, you can:
♦
run, store, or print the program
OR
♦
view or edit it. Press STEP to get to the beginning of the
program.
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The HOLD Program
During a HOLD program, the temperature of the sample block
(and the sample) is held at one temperature for either a fixed time
interval or an indefinite period. These two basic types of
programs are shown in Figures 4-4 and 4-5.
The Displays in a HOLD Program
Figure 5-8 shows the main displays that make up a HOLD
program. These displays are described on the following pages.
Figure 5-8
The series of displays in a HOLD program.
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5
Description of HOLD Program Displays
Hold at 4.0C
Hold FOREVER- 10:00
This display allows you to set the temperature at
which the sample will be held and the length of time
this temperature will be maintained.
Press ENTER to accept the default temperature (4
degrees C), or select a different temperature. Enter
the temperature in a decimal form, but do not type
the decimal point. For example, to specify 82.0
degrees C, press 8 2 0. Then press ENTER.
For the hold time, press ENTER to accept the
default value of 10:00 minutes or use the numeric
keys to change to the hold time, then press ENTER.
For an infinite soak, press the OPTION key. The
cursor moves to FOREVER and the default time
changes to 0:00 minutes. You can accept this value
by pressing ENTER, or use the numeric keys to
change the value, then press ENTER. Remember
that the hold time clock starts within one degree C
of the target temperature.
Beep While Hold? NO
HOLD#???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
You can specify whether or not you want a beeper to
sound during the hold segment. Press the OPTION
key to change NO on the display to YES and vice
versa. When the desired response is displayed,
press ENTER.
The last display in the program indicates the
program type, followed by “???,” which means that
the program has not yet been stored and assigned a
number. It also displays the calculated sample
temperature. In the second line of the display, the
options allow you to run, store, or print the program,
or return to the main menu.
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CYCL: The Cycle Program
A CYCL program contains the thermal ramp and
hold segment patterns for PCR cycling. It contains
up to nine setpoints. Each setpoint comprises a
ramp segment and a hold segment for the specific
target temperature. The pattern can be repeated up
to 99 times. Typically there are two or three
setpoints in a CYCL program. A complete cycle
typically requires less than two to four minutes.
The Displays in a CYCL Program
Figure 5-9 shows the main displays that make up a
CYCL program.
Figure 5-9 The main displays in a three-temperature
CYCL program.
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Description of CYCL Program Displays
3 Temperature PCR
Defines the number of incubation temperatures or
setpoints used in the PCR cycle. A typical PCR
cycle consists of three (3) setpoints; therefore, #3 is
the default value.
Press ENTER to accept the default, or type a
different number (1-9), then press ENTER.
Setpt #1 Ramp 0:00
94.0C
Hold 0:30
Setpoint #1 in a typical cycle program is used for
DNA denaturation or melting. This display sets the
following values for the first setpoint (Setpt #1):
♦
Setpoint temperature. The default value is 94.0
degrees C.
♦
Ramp time: the time taken to change from one
temperature to another. The default value (0
minutes, 0 seconds) causes the sample to heat
or cool to the first setpoint as fast as possible.
♦
Hold time: the length of time the samples will be
maintained at the specified temperature. The
default value is 30 seconds.
Note If you previously used the DNA Thermal Cycler,
note that you will be using shorter hold times for the
GeneAmp PCR System 9600. Refer to page 5-2 for more
information.
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You can accept any of the default values for Setpoint
#1 by pressing the ENTER key, or you can change
the values using the following steps:
Setpt #2 Ramp 0:00
55.0C
Hold 0:30
1
For the ramp time, use the numeric keys to specify
the time (in minutes and seconds). For example, to
specify a ramp time of one minute, press 1 0 0, then
press ENTER.
2
For the setpoint temperature, enter the temperature
in decimal form. You do not type a decimal point. For
example, to specify 96.0 degrees C, press 9 6 0, then
press ENTER.
3
Specify the hold time in minutes and seconds, then
press ENTER. For example, to specify fifteen
seconds, press 1 5, then press ENTER.
Setpoint #2 in a typical cycle program is used for
primer annealing. This display sets the ramp time,
target temperature, and hold time for the second
setpoint (Setpt #2). For a three-temperature PCR,
the default temperature is 55 degrees C. For a twotemperature PCR, the default is 68 degrees C. The
other default values are shown in the display to the
left.
You can accept any of the default values for Setpoint
#2 by pressing the ENTER key, or you can change
the values using the same procedure as that for
Setpoint #1 (see above).
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Setpt #3 Ramp 0:00
72.0C
Hold 0:30
Setpoint #3 in a typical cycle program is used for
primer extension. This display sets the ramp time,
target temperature, and hold time for the third
setpoint (Setpt #3). The default values are shown in
the display to the left.
You can accept any of the default values for Setpoint
#3 by pressing the ENTER key, or you can change
the values using the same procedure as that for
Setpoint #1 (see above).
Setpt #n Ramp 0:00
72.0C
Hold 0:30
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
A display will appear for each setpoint up until the
total number of setpoints specified in the first
program display. The default temperature for
setpoints in CYCL programs with more than four
setpoints is 0.0 degrees. A CYCL program call have
up to nine setpoints.
Specifies the number of times the complete cycle
will be repeated. Type the number of cycles (1-99),
then press ENTER.
This display also allows you to program a pause
after a setpoint and cycle that you will specify in
subsequent displays. A pause would be required,
for example, to add a reagent. A pause may also be
used to add or remove sample tubes during a run.
Press the OPTION key to change the NO response
(default) to a YES and vice versa. When the desired
response is displayed, press ENTER.
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Pause after setpt #1
Beep while pause?YES
The display appears only if you specified a pause in
the previous display. ln this display, you define the
setpoint after which you want to pause the run. Type
the number of the desired setpoint, then press
ENTER.
During the pause, you specify whether or not you
want a beeper to sound. Press the OPTION key to
change the YES (default) to a NO and vice versa.
When the desired response is displayed, press
ENTER.
1st pause at cyc 1
Pause every 25 cyc’s
This display only appears if you specified a pause
during the run. In this display, you specify the
number of the cycle in which you want the run to
pause. The default value (1) indicates that the
instrument will pause during the first cycle (after the
specified setpoint). Press the number of the desired
cycle, then press ENTER.
Next, you specify how often the pause should occur.
The default value will be the same value as the total
cycles in the program. This indicates that the
instrument will pause only once during the run. To
pause more frequently, change the default. For
example, to pause every cycle, you would press 1.
To pause every other cycle, press 2. After you
specify the number, press ENTER.
Pause time 10:00
This display only appears if you specified a pause
during the run. In this display, you specify how long
the instrument should pause. Specify the pause
time in minutes and seconds, then press ENTER.
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CYCL #???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
The last display in the program indicates the
program type, followed by “???,” which means that
the program has not yet been stored and assigned a
number. It also displays the calculated sample
temperature. The options in this display allow you to
run, store, or print the program, or return to the main
menu.
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The AUTO Program
An AUTO program allows the user to automatically
increment or decrement the setpoint times and
temperatures a fixed amount every cycle.
The Displays in an AUTO Program
Figure 5-10 The main displays in a three-temperature
AUTO program.
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Description of AUTO Program Displays
3 Temperature PCR
Defines the number of incubation temperatures or
setpoints used in the PCR cycle. A typical PCR
cycle consists of three (3) setpoints; therefore, 3 is
the default value.
Type the number of setpoints you wish in your DNA
amplification experiment (1-9), then press ENTER.
Setpt #1
Hold for
94.0C
0:30
This display sets the following values for the first
setpoint (Setpt #1):
♦
Setpoint temperature. The default value is 94.0
degrees C.
♦
Hold time: the length of time the samples will be
maintained at the specified temperature. The
default value is 30 seconds.
Note If you previously used the DNA Thermal Cycler,
note that you will be using shorter hold times for the
GeneAmp PCR System 9600. Refer to page 5-2 for more
information.
You can accept any of the default values for Setpoint
#1 by pressing the ENTER key, or you can change
the values using the following steps.
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Setpt #1 94.0C
Change time/temp? NO
1
For the setpoint temperature, enter the temperature
in decimal form. You do not type a decimal point. For
example, to specify 89.0 degrees C, press 8 9 0, then
press ENTER.
2
Specify the hold time in minutes and seconds, then
press ENTER. For example, to specify one minute
and five seconds, press 1 0 5, then press ENTER.
This display allows you to incrementally increase or
decrease the hold time or temperature of the first
setpoint in successive cycles.
Press the OPTION key to change the NO response
(default) to a YES and vice versa
94.0C Delta ↑ 0.0C
Delta ↑ 0:00
This display appears if you have elected to change
the time and temperature by selecting the YES
response in the previous display. In this display, you
specify the values by which the setpoint
temperature and hold time will be increased or
decreased in successive cycles. Use the following
steps to enter these values.
1
Press the OPTION key to change the down arrow
before the temperature value to an up arrow and vice
versa. This indicates whether you want a decrease or
increase in the temperature.
2
Press ENTER to move the cursor to the temperature
entry. Choose one of the following.
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♦
Enter the temperature increment in decimal form,
except you do not type a decimal point. For
example, to specify a two-degree increment,
press 2, then 0. Then press ENTER.
OR
♦
Press ENTER to accept the default (0.0)
temperature. This will not change the specified
temperature of Setpoint #1 in successive cycles.
The cursor moves to the hold time increment.
Setpt #2
Hold for
55.0C
0:30
Setpt #2 55.0C
Change time/temp? NO
3
Press the OPTION key to change the arrow direction,
indicating whether you want an increase or decrease
in the hold time, then press ENTER.
4
Enter the time by which the hold time will increase or
decrease, or accept the default increment (0:00),
which indicates that the hold time will not change.
Use the numeric keys to enter the time, then press
ENTER.
These two displays are used to set the temperature
and hold time for the second setpoint (Setpt #2) and
change the time and temperature values in
successive cycles, if desired. For a threetemperature PCR, the default temperature is 55
degrees C. For a two-temperature PCR, the default
is 68 degrees C.
To change these displays, use the same procedure
as described for Setpoint #1.
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Setpt #3 72.0C
Hold for
0:30
Setpt #3 72.0C
Change time/temp? NO
Setpt #n 0.0C
Hold for 0:30
Total cycles = 25
Pause during run? NO
These two displays are used to set the temperature
and hold time for the third setpoint (Setpt #3) and
change the time and temperature values in
successive cycles, if desired.
To change these displays, use the same procedure
as described for Setpoint #1.
A display will appear for each setpoint up until the
total number of setpoints specified in the first
program display. For each setpoint, you will be
asked whether you want to change the time or
temperature values in successive cycles.
Specifies the number of times the complete cycle
will be repeated. Type the number of cycles (1-99),
then press ENTER.
This display also allows you to program a pause
after a setpoint and cycle that you will specify in
subsequent displays. A pause would be required,
for example, to add a reagent. A pause may also be
used to add or remove sample tubes during a run.
Press the OPTION key to change the NO response
(default) to a YES and vice versa. When the desired
response is displayed, press ENTER.
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Pause after setpt #1
Beep while pause?YES
The display appears only if you specified a pause in
the previous display. In this display, you define the
setpoint after which you want to pause the run. Type
the number of the desired setpoint, then press
ENTER.
During the pause, you specify whether or not you
want a beeper to sound. Press the OPTION key to
change the YES (default) to a NO and vice versa.
When the de-sired response is displayed, press
ENTER.
1st pause at cyc 1
Pause every 25 cyc’s
This display only appears if you specified a pause
during the run. In this display, you specify the
number of the cycle in which you want the run to
pause. The default value (1) indicates that the
instrument will pause during the first cycle (after the
specified setpoint). Press the number of the desired
cycle, then press ENTER.
Next, you specify how often the pause should occur.
The default value will be the same value as the total
cycles in the program. This indicates that the
instrument will pause only once during the run. To
pause more frequently, change the default. For
example, to pause every cycle, you would press 1.
To pause every other cycle, press 2. After you
specify the number, press ENTER.
Pause time 10:00
This display only appears if you specified a pause
during the run. In this display, you specify how long
the instrument should pause. Specify the pause
time in minutes and seconds, then press ENTER.
5-44
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AUTO# ???
xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
The last display in the program indicates the
program type, followed by “???,” which means that
the program has not yet been stored and assigned a
number. It also displays the calculated sample
temperature. The options in this display allow you to
run, store, or print the program, or return to the main
menu.
5-45
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Running PCR Samples6
6
Introduction
To run samples, turn on the instrument and follow these
procedures, which are explained in this chapter.
♦
Loading Samples in the Tray
♦
Placing the Sample Tray in the Block
♦
Removing the Sample Tray from the Block
♦
Removing Samples from the Tray
♦
Specifying a Program or Method
♦
Starting a Run
Note After you turn on the instrument, wait 10 minutes before you run
your samples.
! WARNING ! Never run the instrument without a sample tray in
place. You will crush the sample tubes and may lose your sample.
MicroAmp Reaction Tubes have thin and fragile walls. To avoid
damaging one of these sample tubes, do not pinch the conical
bottom and always handle the tube at the top.
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Loading Samples
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 uses a 96-position sample tray
(MicroAmp Tray) and retainer (MicroAmp Retainer) for 0.2-mL
MicroAmp Reaction Tubes.
Using the 96-Position Sample Tray with MicroAmp Reaction Tubes
To load the 96-position MicroAmp Tray, follow the steps below
(refer to Figure 6-1).
CAUTION The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 is designed for
oil-free operation. It does not use mineral oil or glycerine in the
sample block. The MicroAmp Reaction Tubes fit tightly in the wells
and a heated cover exerts an even pressure on all tubes. No
mineral oil is used on the sample surface because the heated
cover eliminates condensation on the tubes.
1
Place the MicroAmp Base on a flat surface such as a table. Do not
place the base in the sample block.
2
Place the MicroAmp Tray onto the base so that the well numbered
A1 is located at the upper left corner of the tray. The cutout in the
outside rim of the tray will then be located on the left side of the tray.
This orients the tray for the proper fit into the sample block.
3
Place MicroAmp Reaction Tubes in the tray. Note that the wells in
the tray are labeled left to right from 1 through 12 and A through H
from back to front.
Note The above procedure is most useful if you are loading a dozen
or more samples. If you are only loading a few samples, use the sample
tray base as a working tray in which to load your sample tubes, then
transfer your tubes to a sample tray already loaded in the instrument.
Do not use the MicroAmp Retainer if you want to remove a single tube
without removing the caps from all the tubes. The caps will not fit
through the retainer.
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Figure 6-1
Setting up the 96-position sample tray.
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Note When using MicroAmp Reaction Tubes with Caps, place the
required number of tubes into a MicroAmp Base, then fill each tube with
PCR reagents and close the caps firmly. Position an empty MicroAmp
Tray in the sample block, then place the MicroAmp Reaction Tubes with
Caps into the MicroAmp Tray sitting in the sample block.
4
Place the MicroAmp Retainer over the sample tray and tubes (see
Figure 6-1). The retainer and the tray are keyed so the retainer can
fit only one way. If you use only a few sample tubes, the retainer is
not necessary.
5
Pipette the PCR reaction mixture into the sample tubes.
6
Cap your sample tubes. Depending on how many samples you
load, you can use individual MicroAmp Caps or you can cut a strip
of caps to cover one row of tubes. See “Using the Cap-Installing
Tool” on page 6-8 for additional instructions on how to cap your
sample tubes.
Figure 6-2
Securing the retainer on the tray.
6-4
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Placing the Sample Tray in the Block
1
Lift the sample tray and retainer assembly from the sample tray
base and place it in the sample block. Make certain that the notch
in the sample tray is at the left of the block. The receptacle in the
tray labeled A1 will then be in the upper left-hand corner of the
block. Once the tray is placed in the block, be sure that the rim of
the tray engages with the channel around the block.
Figure 6-3
Placing the sample tray in the block.
CAUTION Do not place the MicroAmp Base in the sample block.
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2
Make certain that the cover knob is completely counterclockwise,
which fully raises the platen, before you attempt to slide the
heated cover forward. Then slide the cover forward.
Figure 6-4
Sliding the heated cover forward.
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3
Turn the cover knob clockwise until the white mark on the knob
lines up with the white mark on the cover (indicating the full
clockwise position). This lowers the platen onto the tray.
Figure 6-5
Turning the cover knob.
6-7
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Using the Cap-Installing Tool
Use the MicroAmp Cap-Installing Tool, supplied with your
instrument, to cap a single sample tube or a row of sample tubes
as described in the following procedure.
1
Place individual sample tubes or a row of tubes in the sample tray
(you don't have to use a retainer).
2
Manually press the cap(s) onto the tube(s) so that the caps are not
sitting loosely on the tubes.
3
Use the roller end of the tool to press a row of caps into a row of
sample tubes. Using moderate force, roll the tool along a single row
of caps, pressing the caps into the tubes. The roller end of the tool
works best with single rows of eight or 12 caps.
4
Use the other end of the tool to press a single cap into a sample
tube. Using moderate force, press the cap down into the tube.
5
Verify that all the caps are firmly seated in the sample tubes. If
necessary, use the tool again.
Removing the Sample Tray from the Block
The following procedure describes how to remove the sample
tray from the instrument:
1
Make sure the sample block is not hot (the “Hot” indicator light is not
on).
2
Turn the cover knob completely counterclockwise, then slide the
heated cover back.
3
Grasp the sample tray/retainer assembly firmly with both hands and
gently rock it back and forth until the tubes are free.
6-8
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Removing Samples from the Tray
The following procedure describes how to remove the sample
tubes from the tray:
1
Place the sample tray back on the base and remove the sample
caps.
2
Remove the tray from the base.
3
Grasp one end of the tray with one hand, and with your other hand,
press in the front and back tabs on the retainer (see Figure 6-6).
Then push up and remove the retainer.
4
Remove the sample tubes.
Figure 6-6
Removing samples from the tray.
6-9
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Specifying a Program or Method
To specify the time and temperature pattern you want to use to
run PCR samples, you can create a new program or method, edit
an existing one, or recall one you have previously stored.
Create a new program or method
Select the CREATE option on the main menu and choose a type
of program: HOLD, CYCL, or AUTO. Modify the parameters in the
program displays by referring to the description of each program
in Chapter 4. You can then immediately run the program, or store
it, then run it at any time.
Or, select CREATE on the main menu, then choose the method
option (METH) to link together a series of programs. You can
then immediately run the method, or store it, then run it at any
time.
Edit an existing program or method
Select the EDIT option on the main menu to modify one of the
programs or methods that you have stored. Once you have
edited the file, you can immediately run it, or store it for later use,
then run it at any time.
Recall a stored program or method
Select the RUN option on the main menu to run a program or
method that you have already set up and stored.
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Starting the Run
Run Keys
The following keys are used to start a run or are used during the
run.
Figure 6-7
Run-Time Keys
The function of each key is described below.
RUN
Starts or restarts a sample run.
MORE
Displays more information about run-time
parameters.
PAUSE
Interrupts a run so you can add a reagent to your
samples, or add or remove samples.
STOP
Aborts a run.
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Running a Stored Program
To run a program that you have previously stored:
1
Access the main menu.
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
CAUTION Before you start a run, make sure the “Start clock
within x.xC of setpoint” parameter in the Configuration function is
set correctly. To do this, select “UTIL” on the main menu, then
select “CONFIG” on the Utilities menu. Press ENTER, then press
the STEP key five times to view the “Start clock...” parameter. See
Chapter 7 for complete instructions.
2
With the cursor positioned under RUN, press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Run
Enter program #
3
Select the desired program by pressing the appropriate numeric
keys, then ENTER.
The following display appears:
Select tube
Reaction vol?
MICRO
100uL
This display lets you select the type of sample tube you are using
and enter the reaction volume for that tube. The default tube type is
the MicroAmp Reaction Tube, as indicated on the display by
“MICRO.” The default reaction volume is 100 µL.
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4
If the “Special Tube?” parameter in the Configuration function (see
Chapter 7) has been set to “NO,” pressing the OPTION key will
change the tube type to Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes. On
the display, “MICRO” changes to “THIN.”
Note Instructions for the use of sample tubes other than MicroAmp
Reaction Tubes will be included in separate documentation.
5
If the “Special Tube?” parameter in the Configuration function (see
Chapter 7) has been set to “YES,” pressing the OPTION key twice
will change the displayed tube type to “OTHER.” Select this option if
you are using tubes other than MicroAmp Reaction or Thin-Walled
GeneAmp Reaction Tubes.
6
To change the reaction volume, press the appropriate numeric
keys.
CAUTION Do not press ENTER until the displayed tube type and
the displayed reaction volume are both set correctly.
Note The next time you run this program, the tube type and reaction
volume you selected will be used as defaults. For methods, the tube
type and reaction volume you select before you run the method will be
used for every program in that method.
6-13
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♦
If you have a printer and it has been enabled (using the
Configuration function), the following display appears:
Select print mode
OFF-CYCLE-SETPOINT
This display lets you select the type of printout you want:
7
OFF:
Disables data output to the printer for this run.
CYCLE:
Prints a message that reads “Complete” after each
cycle.
SETPOINT
Prints actual and programmed time and
temperature data for each ramp and hold segment
during cycling. See Figure 6-8 for an example
Setpoint printout of a Cycle program.
Press the OPTION key to choose one of these print options. When
the cursor is under your desired option, press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Close and tighten
the sample cover
Make sure the heated cover is closed and tightened down. After a
few seconds, the run starts.
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Figure 6-8
option.
An example printout of a CYCL program using the SETPOINT
! WARNING ! During a sample run, keep the heated cover
pulled forward and tightened down at all times. This will guard
against burns and guarantee the best temperature uniformity.
6-15
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Indicator Lights
The three indicator lights on the control panel of the instrument
indicate the operating status, as described below.
♦
Heating, when lit, indicates that the heater is active. When
flashing, it indicates that the system is controlling the sample
temperature.
♦
Cooling, when lit or flashing, indicates that ramp cooling is
active.
Note Both of the above lights will be lit simultaneously when the
sample is being held at a subambient temperature.
♦
Hot, when lit, indicates that the sample temperature is at
least 50 degrees C.
The next section describes the displays that appear on the
screen during a run.
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Run-Time Displays
During a run, you will see a run-time display that is continuously
updated for the program being run.
CYCL and AUTO Program Run-Time Displays
The run-time displays for a CYCL program and an AUTO
program are the same. If you are in a ramp segment, the display
will show “Ramp to. . .” If you are in a hold segment, the display
will show “Hold at. . .” These displays are shown in Figure 6-9.
Setpoint temperature
Current sample
temperature
Ramp to 94.0C xx.xC
0:00
Cycle 1
Current cycle #
(counts up cycles
during a run)
Time remaining
Setpoint temperature
Current sample
temperature
Hold at 94.0C xx.xC
0:12
Cycle 1
Current cycle #
(counts up cycles
during a run)
Time remaining
Figure 6-9
Run-time displays for a CYCL program.
Once a CYCL or AUTO run has started, press the MORE key to
view a second run-time display (see Figure 6-10). This run-time
display includes further information about the run.
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Ramp to 94.0C xx.xC
0:30
Cycle 1
Press
More
Setpt #1 Tot Cyc 30
Hrs left 0.5 Prog 1
To move between the
two run-time displays
Figure 6-10 Using the MORE key.
The parameters in the second run-time display are explained in
Figure 6-11.
Current setpoint
Total cycles in program
Setpt #1 Tot Cyc 25
Hrs left 1.2 Prog 26
Estimated time left in
program
Program #
Figure 6-11 More run-time information in a CYCL program.
Press MORE again to return you to the first run-time display. The
MORE key toggles between the two run-time displays.
6-18
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HOLD Program Run-Time Display
Figure 6-12 shows the run-time displays for a HOLD program.
Use the MORE key to view the second run-time display. Press
the MORE key again to return to the first run-time display.
Programmed target
temperature
Current sample
temperature
Hold at 95.0C xx.xC
4:30
Prog 1
Time remaining
Current program #
Press
More
To move between the two
run-time displays
Hrs left 0.2 Prog
Time remaining
1
Current program #
Figure 6-12 Run-time displays for a HOLD program.
6-19
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Pausing a Run
Once a run has started, you can manually pause a run, in order
to add a reagent to your samples, for example, using the PAUSE
key. Note that the instrument will automatically pause if you
select the Pause option in a CYCL or AUTO program.
! WARNING ! Be careful not to touch the sample block or the
bottom of the heated cover during a pause. These areas may be
hotter than 100 degrees C.
1
Press the PAUSE key.
The instrument beeps and a display similar to the one shown below
appears.
CYCL# 26
PAUSE 10:00
xx.xC
This display occurs in a CYCL program.
2
Press RUN to resume the run (from where you left off).
1
To abort a run at any time, press the STOP key.
Stopping a Run
The following appears on the second line of the display:
Abort program?
2
YES
If you want to abort the run, press ENTER to accept the “YES”
selection.
OR
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Press the STOP key again.
The run is aborted and a display similar to the one shown below
appears:
CYCL# 26 Abort xx.xC
RUN-STORE-PRINT-HOME
This display occurs in a CYCL program.
3
If you change your mind and do not want to abort the run, press the
OPTION key to change “YES” to “NO,” then press ENTER.
OR
Press the RUN key.
The run resumes.
4
To run the program from the beginning, select the RUN option.
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Reviewing the History of the Run
Once a run has been completed (or aborted), you can obtain a
record of the run called a History file. If you want to view the
current History file for a run, you must view it before you start the
next run, since each time a new run begins, the previous History
file is erased.
A History file can contain status records or data records. Status
records list the status messages received during the run, such as
“Method Complete” or various error messages. Data Records
contain records of target temperatures, ramp and hold times, and
other run data.
To obtain a History file, use Diagnostic Test #1. To access this
diagnostic test, select UTIL on the main menu, then select DIAG
to use the diagnostic tests. Refer to Chapter 7, “Utilities,” for
instructions on how to use the diagnostic tests.
Figure 6-13 Example history file printout of a CYCL program.
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Utilities
7
7
Introduction
This chapter explains the Utilities functions. The Utilities
functions let you:
♦
display or print programs by their number, their type, or their
user number (see page 7-4)
♦
configure and set default values for general instrument
operating parameters (see page 7-16)
♦
review the history of the most recent instrument run and
perform heater, chiller, system performance, and calibration
verification tests to check instrument integrity (see page 7-35)
♦
delete individual programs by program number or user
number, or delete all programs (see page 7-57)
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Getting to the Utilities Menu
To get the Utilities menu:
1
Get to the Main menu. Press the STOP key once or twice until the
Main menu appears:
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
2
Press the OPTION key three times to move the cursor to UTIL, then
press ENTER.
The Utilities menu appears:
Select function
DIR-CONFIG-DIAG-DEL
The functions available from the Utilities menu are:
♦
DIR
Select this function to display or print a listing of your
programs by program number, type, or user number.
♦
CONFIG
Select this function to configure and set default
values for general instrument operating parameters.
♦
DIAG
Select this function to review the most recent
instrument run and to perform diagnostic tests to
verify instrument integrity.
♦
DEL
Select this function to delete individual programs as
identified by program number and user number, or
delete all programs.
7-2
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Selecting a Utilities Function
To select one of the Utilities functions:
1
Press OPTION to move the cursor from one function to the next.
When the cursor reaches DEL, press OPTION to move the cursor
back to DIR.
2
When the cursor is under your desired selection, press ENTER.
You will then see the first display for the function you selected.
Figure 7-1 shows the first displays for the Utilities functions.
Select function
DIR-CONFIG-DIAG-DEL
Delete
PROGRAM-USER-ALL
Directory
PROG-TYPE-USER-PRINT
The Directory function lets you display
or print programs by their program
number, their type, or their user
number.
The Delete function lets you
delete individual programs by their program
number and user number, or delete all
programs.
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW History file
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
The Configuration function lets you
configure and set default values for
general instrument operating
parameters.
Figure 7-1
The Diagnostic function lets you
review recent instrument runs
and perform heater, chiller, system
performance, and calibration
verification tests.
The Utilities functions.
7-3
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The Directory Function (DIR)
The Directory function lets you display or print programs
according to:
♦
program number
♦
type, or
♦
user identification number
Once you view a directory, you can return to Utilities menu or the
Main menu using the STOP key.
Listing Programs by their Program Number (PROG)
The PROG selection lets you list your programs by their program
number on a series of displays, starting with the first program
number that you enter.
To list your programs by their program number:
1
Select DIR on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The Directory display appears:
Directory
PROG-TYPE-USER-PRINT
2
Press ENTER to select PROG.
The first display that you see prompts you to enter a program
number.
Directory
Enter program #
1
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3
Press the numeric keys that correspond to the program number of
the program you want to list first, then press ENTER. In our
example, the default is shown.
Each of the next displays will list a program by its program number
and type, beginning with Program #1.
4
Press STEP to view the next display. In our example, Program #1 is
a Hold program:
HOLD #1
5
Press STEP to view the next display, which will list Program #2. In
our example, Program #2 is a CYCL program:
CYCL #2
6
Press BACK to view the previous program in the list.
7
When you reach the last display in the list, press STOP to return to
the first Directory display.
Figure 7-2 on the next page shows an example of a complete list
of programs.
7-5
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Directory
Enter program #
Press
Step
1
to move forward to
the next display
Press
HOLD #1
Stop
to return to the first
display
Press
Step
Back
to move to the
previous
display
Press
CYCL #2
Stop
to return to the first
display
Step
Back
Press
Stop
AUTO #3
to return to the first
display
Figure 7-2
Example of a list of programs listed according to program number.
7-6
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Listing Programs by their Program Type (TYPE)
The TYPE selection lets you list all your programs of a specific
program type (HOLD, CYCL, or AUTO) in numerical order.
To list your programs by their program type:
1
Select DIR on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The Directory display appears:
Directory
PROG-TYPE-USER-PRINT
2
Press OPTION to move the cursor to TYPE, then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Directory
HOLD-CYCL-AUTO-METH
3
Press OPTION to move the cursor to the program type for which
you want to obtain a listing, then press ENTER.
For example, to see a listing of all your HOLD programs, press
ENTER when the cursor is under the HOLD selection. You will see
a series of displays that list all your HOLD programs, beginning with
the first HOLD program.
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For example, if your first HOLD program is HOLD #14, the following
display appears:
HOLD #14
4
Press STEP to view the next display in your program listing. In our
example, the next HOLD program is HOLD #26:
HOLD #26
5
Press BACK each time you want to view the previous program in
the list.
6
You can press STOP at any time to return to the display in which
you selected the program type.
Figure 7-3 on the next page shows an example of a list of
programs grouped by program type.
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Directory
HOLD-CYCL-AUTO-METH
Press
to move forward to the
Step next display
Press
HOLD #14
Stop
to return to the
first display
Press
Step
Back
to move to the
previous display
Press
HOLD #26
Stop
to return to the
first display
Step
Back
Press
HOLD #31
Stop
to return to the
first display
Figure 7-3
Example of a list of programs listed according to program type.
7-9
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Listing Programs by their User Number (USER)
The USER selection lets you list all programs that have been
stored under a previously specified user number. (While storing a
program, you have the option of protecting the program by
entering a user identification number.) This type of directory will
also list the program type and program number.
To list your programs by their user number:
1
Select DIR on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The Directory display appears:
Directory
PROG-TYPE-USER-PRINT
2
Press OPTION twice to move the cursor to USER, then press
ENTER.
The first display that you see prompts you to enter a user number:
Directory
Enter user #7777
3
Type the user number of the programs you want to list, then press
ENTER. In our example, we entered user #7777.
Each of the next displays will list a program stored under user
#7777.
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4
Press STEP to view the next display. In our example, CYCL
program #6 is listed:
CYCL #6
5
User#7777
Press STEP to view the next display, which will list the next program
stored under user #7777. In our example, HOLD program #5 is
listed:
HOLD #5
User#7777
6
Press BACK to view the previous program in the list.
7
You can press STOP at any time to return to the display in which
you entered the user number.
Figure 7-4 on the next page shows an example of a complete list
of programs grouped by user number.
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Directory
Enter user #7777
Press
to move forward to the
Step next display
Press
HOLD #16
Stop
User#7777
to return to the
first display
Press
Step
Back
to move to the
previous display
Press
HOLD #25
Stop
User#7777
to return to the
first display
Step
Back
Press
Stop
AUTO #4
User#7777
to return to the
first display
Figure 7-4
Example of a list of programs listed according to user number.
7-12
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Printing a Directory of Your Programs (PRINT)
The PRINT selection of the Directory function lets you print a
directory of your programs organized by program number
(PROG), program type (TYPE), or user number (USER).
To print a directory:
1
Select DIR on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The Directory display appears:
Directory
PROG-TYPE-USER-PRINT
2
Press OPTION three times to move the cursor to PRINT, then press
ENTER.
The following display appears:
Directory Print
PROG-TYPE-USER
3
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor to the kind of directory
you want to print (Program #, Program Type, or User #), then press
ENTER.
One of the following displays appear, prompting you to enter a
program #, select a program type, or enter a user #:
7-13
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Directory Print
Enter program #
♦
If the above display is shown, type the program # of the first
program in the directory you want to print, then press ENTER. All
your programs will be printed, beginning with the program # you
entered.
Directory Print
HOLD-CYCL-AUTO-METH
♦
If the above display is shown, press the OPTION key to move
the cursor to the program type of which you want to print a
directory, then press ENTER. For example, if you select
HOLD, all your HOLD programs will be printed.
Directory Print
Enter User #
_
♦
If the above display is shown, type the user # of the programs
for which you want to print a directory, then press ENTER. All
your programs stored with that user # will be printed.
4
As your directory is printed, the following display appears:
Directory Print
printing...
5
When printing is complete, the first Print display appears. Press
STOP to the return to the Directory display.
7-14
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Figure 7-5 shows all the displays in the PRINT selection of the
Directory function.
Figure 7-5
The PRINT selection of the Directory function.
7-15
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The Configuration Function (CONFIG)
The Configuration function lets you customize the instrument by
editing the configuration parameters. These parameters include:
♦
time and date
♦
run-time printer mode (on or off)
♦
run-time beeper (on or off)
♦
pause time-out limit
♦
allowed setpoint error
♦
idle state setpoint
♦
temperature interval that triggers the clock start
♦
sample tube time constants
Editing the Configuration Parameters
There are eleven configuration parameters that you can edit.
These parameters appear on nine different displays. To move
forward through the displays, press STEP. To move backward
through the displays, press BACK. Press STOP at any time to
return you to the first Configuration display. Press STOP again to
return to the Utilities menu.
Figure 7-6 on the next page shows the displays for the
Configuration function. The sections that follow explain how to
edit the individual configuration parameters.
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Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
Press
Enter
Time
Date
to display the first
configuration parameter
HH:MM
MM/DD/YY
Step
Runtime printer
Runtime beeper
OFF
ON
moves you
forward to the
next display
Pause time-out limit
xx:xx
Allowed setpt error
x.xC
Back
moves you to
the previous display or
parameter
Idle state setpoint
25C
Start clock within
x.xC of setpoint
Stop
returns you
to the
“Configuration”
display
Special tube?
NO
Set MICRO tube time
constants?
NO
Set THIN tube time
constants?
NO
Figure 7-6
The Configuration function.
7-17
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Setting the Time and Date
The Configuration function lets you set the time in hours and
minutes and the date in months, days, and years.
To set the time and date:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Time
Date
HH:MM
MM/DD/YY
The cursor appears under the entry field for hours (HH on the
display shown above).
3
To set the time, press the appropriate numeric keys for the hours
and minutes and press ENTER. The display will automatically place
a colon to separate the hours from the minutes.
The cursor will move to the entry field for months (MM on the
display shown above).
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4
To set the date, type in the appropriate numbers for the month, day,
and year and press ENTER. The display will automatically separate
the month, day, and year.
5
Press STEP to display the next configuration parameter or press
STOP to return to the first Configuration display.
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Turning the Run-Time Printer Mode and Run-Time Beeper On or Off
The Configuration function lets you turn the run-time printer
mode on or off and the run-time beeper on or off. These
parameters appear together on one display. If you have a printer,
setting the run-time printer mode to ON lets you print run-time
data. When the run-time beeper is on, a beeper will sound at the
end of each segment in a run.
To turn these parameters on or off:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP.
The following display appears:
Runtime printer
Runtime beeper
3
OFF
ON
The default condition of the run-time printer mode is off. To turn the
run-time printer mode on, press OPTION (OFF changes to ON),
then press ENTER.
7-20
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4
The default condition of the run-time beeper is on. To turn the
beeper off, press OPTION (ON changes to OFF), then press
ENTER.
5
Press STEP to display the next configuration parameter or press
BACK to display the previous configuration parameter. Press STOP
to return to the first Configuration display.
7-21
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Changing the Pause Time-Out Limit
The pause time-out limit is the maximum amount of time a
program can pause before it automatically aborts; it applies only
to the keypad pause. The default value is 10 minutes. This
means that if you do not restart a run within 10 minutes after you
pause it, the run is aborted. The Configuration function lets you
change the pause time-out limit.
To change the pause time-out limit:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP twice.
The following display appears:
Pause time-out limit
10:00
The default value of ten minutes and zero seconds (10:00) appears
on this display. The acceptable range for the pause time-out limit is
0 to 99:59 minutes.
3
To change the pause time-out limit, press the appropriate numeric
keys, then press ENTER. The display will automatically place the
colon for you.
Note For practical purposes, the pause time-out should be at least
one minute.
4
Press STEP to display the next configuration parameter or press
BACK to display the previous configuration parameter. Press STOP
to return to the first Configuration display.
7-22
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Changing the Allowed Setpoint Error
The allowed setpoint error is the number of degrees the actual
sample temperature may vary from the setpoint before the
reading is recorded in the history file as an error. The default
value is 2.0 degrees C. The Configuration function lets you
change the allowed setpoint error value.
To change the allowed setpoint error value:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP three times.
The following display appears:
Allowed setpt error
2.0C
The default value of 2.0 degrees C appears on this display.
3
To change the allowed setpoint error, press the appropriate numeric
keys, then press ENTER. The display will automatically place the
decimal point for you.
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4
Press STEP to display the next configuration parameter or press
BACK to display the previous configuration parameter. Press STOP
to return to the first Configuration display.
7-24
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Entering an Idle State Setpoint Value
The idle state setpoint is the temperature of the block when a
program is not running (the idling temperature). The
Configuration function lets you change the idle state setpoint
value. The default value for the idle state setpoint is 25
degrees C. The instrument will automatically heat or cool to this
temperature while idling and the Heating light on the control
panel will flash.
To edit this configuration parameter:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP four times. The following display
appears:
Idle state setpoint
25C
3
To change the idle state setpoint, press the appropriate numeric
keys, then press ENTER. For your safety, set the idling temperature
close to room temperature.
4
Press STEP to display the next configuration parameter or press
BACK to display the previous configuration parameter. Press STOP
to return to the first Configuration display.
7-25
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Changing the Temperature Interval for the Setpoint Clock
Whenever you run a program, there is an interval before the
setpoint temperature is attained. The clock starts counting the
hold time at the beginning of this interval.
For example, if the setpoint temperature is 95 degrees C, and the
temperature interval is 1 degree C, the clock will actually start
counting at 94 degrees C. Figure 7-7 illustrates this example.
Setpoint Temperature
Setpoint clock
starts here
•
95 o C
1o C Interval
94 o C
•
o
94 C
95 o C
Sample
Temperature
o
C
Time
Figure 7-7
Diagram of a 1-degree C temperature interval.
The default value for the temperature interval is 1 degree C. The
Configuration function lets you change this value.
CAUTION Always check this parameter before you start a run.
To change the temperature interval for the setpoint clock:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
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2
Press ENTER, then press STEP five times.
The following display appears:
Start clock within
1.0C of setpoint
This example shows the default temperature interval of 1 degree C.
This means that the setpoint clock will start counting within 1
degree of the setpoint temperature.
3
To enter a temperature interval different from the default value,
press the appropriate numeric keys, then press ENTER.
The range of valid entries for the temperature interval is 0.5 to 1.0
degrees C. If you decrease the temperature interval from 1.0
degree C, the clock will start closer to the setpoint temperature.
Note To maintain portability of PCR programs, we highly recommend
that you use the default value of 1.0 degree C. The hold time decreases
as the temperature interval for the setpoint clock decreases. Change
this parameter only for specific experiments.
4
Press STEP to display the next configuration parameter or press
BACK to display the previous configuration parameter. Press STOP
to return to the first Configuration display.
7-27
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Changing the Sample Tube Type
The Configuration function lets you specify a future sample tube
type by defining the tube time constant characteristics. We
recommend not specifying a special tube type unless future
sample tube types become available.
To change the sample tube type and sample tube time constant
value:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP six times.
The following display appears:
Special tube?
NO
This display lets you specify a special type of sample tube when
you start a run if you are not using MicroAmp Reaction Tubes or
Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes. The default condition of
this parameter is no special tube type, as indicated on the display
by “NO.”
3
If you accept the default condition, you will be able to select one of
two standard sample tube types when you start a run (MicroAmp
Reaction Tubes or Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes).
7-28
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4
To change the default condition, press the OPTION key. “NO” will
change to “YES” on the display and you will be able to select a
different tube type when you start a run (see Chapter 5 for more
information).
5
Press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Rxn vol=100uL T= 9.5
Rxn vol= 50uL T= 7.0
This display lets you change the sample tube time constant. There
are two default values for sample tube time constants on this
display: one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 100 µL, and
one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 50 µL. There is a
time constant default value for sample tubes with a reaction volume
of 20 µL that appears on a separate display. Press STEP to view
this display:
Rxn vol= 20uL T= 5.0
6
To change any of these time constant values, press the appropriate
numeric keys, then press ENTER. To move the cursor from one
time constant value to the next, press ENTER. To move from the
first display to the second, press STEP.
7
Press STOP to return to the first Configuration display.
7-29
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Setting Sample Tube Time Constants
There are two additional parameters in the Configuration function
that let you change the time constants for MicroAmp Reaction
Tubes and Thin Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes. We
recommend that you do not change the time constant values
unless instructed to do so by future documentation.
MICRO Time Constant
To change the sample tube time constant value for MicroAmp
Reaction Tubes:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP until the following display appears:
Set MICRO tube time
constants?
NO
3
The default condition of this parameter is no. Press the OPTION
key. “NO” on the display will change to “DEFAULTS.”
4
Press the OPTION key again. “DEFAULTS” will change to
“MODIFY.” Pressing the OPTION key again will change “MODIFY”
back to “NO.”
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5
Press ENTER.
The following display appears:
Rxn vol=100uL T= 9.5
Rxn vol= 50uL T= 7.0
This display lets you change the sample tube time constant. There
are two default values for sample tube time constants on this
display: one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 100 µL, and
one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 50 µL. There is a
time constant default value for sample tubes with a reaction volume
of 20 µL that appears on a separate display. Press STEP to view
this display:
Rxn vol= 20uL T= 5.0
6
To change any of these time constant values, press the appropriate
numeric keys, then press ENTER. To move the cursor from one
time constant value to the next, press ENTER. To move from the
first display to the second, press STEP. To move from the second
time constant display to the first, press the BACK key.
7
Press STOP to return to the first Configuration display.
7-31
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THIN Time Constant
This parameter works the same way as the MICRO time
constant. except that the default time constant values are
different. Change the sample tube time constant value for Thin
Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes as follows:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press ENTER, then press STEP until the following display appears:
Set THIN tube time
constants?
NO
3
The default condition of this parameter is no. Press OPTION to
change “NO” to “DEFAULTS.”
4
Press OPTION again to change “DEFAULTS to MODIFY.” Press
OPTION again to change “MODIFY” back to “NO.”
5
Press ENTER.
♦
If your instrument has software version 1.05 or higher, the following
display appears:
Rxn vol=100uL T=12.0
Rxn vol= 50uL T=12.0
♦
If your instrument has software version 1.04 or lower, the following
display appears:
Rxn vol=100uL T=14.6
Rxn vol= 50uL T=14.6
7-32
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These displays let you change the sample tube time constant.
There are two default values for sample tube time constants on this
display: one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 100 µL, and
one for sample tubes with a reaction volume of 50 µL. There is a
time constant default value for sample tubes with a reaction volume
of 20 µL that appears on a separate display.
♦
If your instrument has software version 1.05 or higher, press STEP
to view the following display:
Rxn vol= 20uL T=12.0
♦
If your instrument has software version 1.04 or lower, press
STEP to view the following display:
Rxn vol= 20uL T=14.2
6
To change any of these time constant values, press the appropriate
numeric keys, then press ENTER. To move from the first display to
the second, press STEP. To move from the second time constant
display to the first, press the BACK key.
♦
If your instrument has software version 1.05 or higher, press STOP
to return to the first Configuration display.
7-33
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CAUTION If your instrument has software version 1.04 or lower,
configure the THIN tube time constant for a default response time
of 12.0 seconds for 20-µL reaction volume. When initiating a PCR
program, specify a reaction volume of 20 µL for all experiments
using Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes.
If your instrument has software version 1.05 or higher, the
response time of 12.0 seconds for all three reaction volumes is
correct for the Thin-Walled GeneAmp Reaction Tubes.
Printing the Configuration Parameters
The PRINT selection of the Configuration function lets you print
all of the configuration parameters. To print the parameters:
1
Select CONFIG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Configuration
EDIT-PRINT
2
Press OPTION to move the cursor to PRINT, then press ENTER.
As the configuration parameters are printed, the following display
appears:
Configuration
printing...
3
When printing has been completed, the first Configuration display
appears. Press the STOP key to return to the Main menu.
7-34
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The Diagnostic Function (DIAG)
The Diagnostic function gives you access to five different
diagnostic tests. These tests are:
♦
review the most recent instrument run by examining the History
file
♦
test the sample block heating system
♦
test the sample block cooling system
♦
test the overall performance of your instrument
♦
verify that your instrument is still calibrated
Each of the diagnostic tests are numbered, 1 through 5, and
each test appears on a separate display. The diagnostic tests
and their corresponding numbers are:
TEST
TEST #
Review History File
1
Heater Test
2
Chiller Test
3
System Performance Test
4
Verify Calibration
5
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Selecting the Diagnostic Tests
There are two ways to select a diagnostic test:
♦
You can enter the number of the test you want to run
or
♦
You can use the STEP key to scroll forward through the test
displays and the BACK key to scroll backward through the test
displays.
To select a diagnostic test by entering its test number:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
Enter test #
here
Press the numeric key that corresponds to the Diagnostic test you
want to run (1, 2, 3, 4, or 5), then press
ENTER.
The display for that test appears.
To select a diagnostic test by using the STEP or BACK keys:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
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2
Press STEP to scroll forward through the remaining four Diagnostic
test displays; press BACK to scroll backward through all four of the
test displays. Press STOP at any time to return to the Utilities menu.
Figure 7-8 shows the initial displays for the diagnostic tests.
Press
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
Step
to move to the
next display
Enter Diag Test #2
HEATER TEST
Press
Enter Diag Test #3
CHILLER TEST
Back
to move to the
previous display
Enter Diag Test #4
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
Press
Stop
anytime to return to
the Utilities
menu
Figure 7-8
Enter Diag Test #5
VERIFY CALIBRATION
Initial displays for the five diagnostic tests.
The following sections describe each diagnostic test in detail.
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Reviewing the History file
Diagnostic Test #1 lets you review the History file for the most
recent run.
About The History File
The History file records the events that occurred during a run. If a
run was terminated, you can view the History file to determine
the cause and how much of the run was completed.
The History file contains two types of information about a run. It
includes:
♦
status records, which display general information about the run
and status messages, such as “Run Complete” or “Method
Complete”
♦
data records, which display all pertinent numerical data about
the run, such as temperature and time
The History file can contain up to 500 records. If a run produces
more than 500 records, the earliest records are overwritten. The
previously stored contents of a History file are automatically
cleared at the start of a new run.
When you review the History file, you can display or print:
♦
all the status and data records of a run
♦
only the status records of a run
♦
only those records of a run that contain errors
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Status Records in a History File
As mentioned earlier, a status record contains general
information about a run. Every run has at least four status
records that contain the sample tube type, the reaction volume,
the temperature at which the clock started, and either a message
indicating that the run was completed successfully, or a message
indicating that an error occurred during the run.
A status record displays the following information:
♦
type of program (HOLD, CYCL, AUTO, or METH)
♦
program number (or question marks, if no program number was
assigned)
♦
method number, if the run contained linked programs
♦
status record number
♦
date on which the run was started, completed, or aborted
♦
time at which the run was started, completed, or aborted
♦
sample tube type
♦
sample tube reaction volume
♦
“start clock within...” parameter
♦
status message
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Any one of the following messages can appear on a status record
display:
“Tube Type xxxx”
This message shows the sample tube
type, and will always be the first record.
“Reaction Vol xxxxuL”
This message shows the reaction volume
used in the run, and will always be the
second record.
“Clk starts w/in x.xC”
This message shows the temperature at
which the hold clock starts, and will
always be the third record.
“Start mm/dd/yy hh:mm”
This message shows the date and time
the run began, and will always be the
fourth record.
“End mm/dd/yy hh:mm”
This message shows the date and time
the run ended.
“Meth Complete”
This message will always appear at the
end of a successful method run.
“Sensor Error”
This message will appear if the sample
block temperature was read incorrectly ten
times in a row. This is a fatal error
message.
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“Power Failure xxx.x hrs”
This message is also a fatal error
message and will appear if a power failure
occurred during the run. It shows how long
the power was off.
“Abort mm/dd/yy hh:mm”
This message will appear if you pressed
the STOP key during the run. It shows the
time and date the run was aborted.
“Pause Timeout hh:mm”
The pause timeout limit was exceeded
during the run.
“Fatal Setpoint Error”
The sample block did not reach its
setpoint in a reasonable period of time.
“Pause xx:xx at xx.xC”
The run for this time and at this
temperature.
Figure 7-9 shows an example status record display for a
successful run.
Program
Type
Program #/Method #
CYCL #2/7
5
Abort 12/21/90 14:47
Status Message
Figure 7-9
Record #
Time of Abort
Date of Abort
,A typical status record display.
The example in the figure tells you that CYCL program #2, which
is one of the linked programs specified in Method #7, was
aborted at 14:47 (2:47 PM) on December 21, 1990 and that this
status record is Record #5 of your entire run.
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Data Records in a History File
As mentioned earlier, a data record contains all pertinent
numerical data about a run. Every program has at least one data
record. A simple HOLD program, for example, has only one data
record.
Data records include the following information:
♦
record number
♦
ending setpoint temperature
♦
cycle number (except in HOLD programs)
♦
setpoint number (except in HOLD programs)
♦
total setpoint time (ramp and hold times)
♦
error message, if an error occurred
If the segment was successfully completed, the data record will
also display:
♦
type of program (H for HOLD, C for CYCL, A for AUTO, or M for
METH)
♦
program number (or question marks, if no program number was
assigned)
♦
method number, if any
If an error occurred during the run, the data record will display an
error message in place of the program type and program number.
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Any one of the following error messages can appear on a data
record display:
“Setp Error”
This message will appear if the setpoint
was not reached in a reasonable period of
time.
“Prog Error”
This message will appear if, when you ran
an AUTO program, either time became a
negative number or the temperature went
out of the range of 0.1° to 99.9 °C.
“Temp Error”
This message will appear if, at the end of
a segment, the set-point temperature
drifted +/− a previously entered amount.
See “Changing the Allowed Setpoint
Error” in this chapter.
Figure 7-10 shows an example of a data record display for
successful run.
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Program
Program #
Type
C# 2
Cyc 1
Ending Setpoint
Temperature
25.2C
6
Setpt 2 0:10
Record #
Elapsed
Time
Cycle # Setpoint #
Figure 7-10 A data record display of a CYCL run.
The above example tells you that this data record is record #6 of
CYCL program #2. There is no method number because this
program was not linked in a method. This record also tells you
that this is setpoint #2 of cycle #1, the ending setpoint
temperature was 25.2 degrees C, and the elapsed time was ten
seconds. If this were a data record for a HOLD program, there
would be no cycle number or setpoint number. If an error had
occurred at this point in the run, an error message would also
have appeared on this display.
Displaying the History file
To select Diagnostic Test #1 and display the History file:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
Press ENTER to select Diagnostic Test #1.
The following display appears:
History
7 recs
ALL-STAT-ERROR-PRINT
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The total number of records in the History file appears on the top
line of this display. In this example, there are seven records in the
History file. On the bottom line, there are four options:
3
ALL
view all the records in the History file beginning
with the most recent record
STAT
view just the status records in the History file
ERROR
view just the records with error messages
PRINT
print some or all of the records in the History file
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor to your desired selection
and press ENTER. The last record will be displayed first.
Note You can skip forward or backward a specified number of
records to a specific record by typing the number of records to be
skipped, followed by either the STEP key or the BACK key.
a. For example, to skip forward three records, type 3 STEP.
b.
To skip backward three records, type 3 BACK.
Figures 7-11 and 7-12 on the next two pages show all the
possible displays in an example History file. A different example
History file is shown in the printout in Figure 7-13.
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Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
Press
Enter
History
10 recs
ALL-STAT-ERROR-PRINT
Press
Enter
Status
Record
Data
Record
The most recent record
is displayed first.
CYCL# 2
Abort 12/21/90
10
14:47
Press
Press
Press
Step
Back
Stop
C# 2
Cyc 3
26.0C
Setpt 1
9
0:05
to move to the
next display
to move to
the previous
display
to return to
the first display
C# 2
Cyc 2
25.2C
Setpt 2
8
0:10
CYCL# 2
4
Start 12/21/90 14:45
C# 2
Cyc 2
29.8C
Setpt 1
7
0:10
CYCL# 2
3
Clk starts w/in 1.0C
C# 2
Cyc 1
25.2C
Setpt 2
6
0:10
CYCL# 2
Reaction vol
C# 2
Cyc 1
29.9C
Setpt 1
5
0:10
CYCL# 2
Tube type
2
100uL
1
MICRO
Figure 7-11 Viewing (ALL) the records in a History file for a two-temperature
CYCL program.
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Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
History
10 recs
ALL-STAT-ERROR-PRINT
Enter
Press
Stop
to return to the first
display
Enter
CYCL# 2
Abort 12/21/90
Status Message
10
14:47
Enter
Enter
If no error occurs during a run,
“No Error records” will appear on
the display. If an error occurs during a run, a data record containing an error message will appear
here.
History Print
ALL-STAT-ERRORS
Select this option to
print only those data record
with error messages
Select this option to
print all status and
data records
Select this option to
print only status records
Figure 7-12 Viewing the status (STAT) records, data records with error
messages (ERROR), and printing records (PRINT).
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Printing the History file
To print the History file:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
Press ENTER to select Diagnostic Test #1.
The following display appears:
History
10 recs
ALL-STAT-ERROR-PRINT
3
Press the OPTION key three times to move the cursor to PRINT,
then press ENTER.
The following display appears:
PRINT HISTORY
ALL-STAT-ERRORS
The menu items in this display give you the following choices:
♦
Select ALL to print all status and data records in the History file.
♦
Select STAT to print only the status records.
♦
Select ERRORS to print only those data records that contain
error messages.
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4
Press OPTION to move the cursor to your desired selection, then
press ENTER.
The following display appears:
History Print
printing...
Figure 7-13 shows a History file printout of all status and data
records (ALL) for a CYCL program.
Figure 7-13 Printout of all status and data records (ALL) of a typical History
file.
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Running the Heater Test
Diagnostic Test #2 is the Heater Test, which verifies the
performance of the sample block heater and electronics by
stabilizing the block temperature at 35 degrees C, then applying
full power to the heaters and measuring the temperature rise
over a period of time.
CAUTION Before you begin this test, make sure you place an
empty MicroAmp Tray (MicroAmp Tray/Retainer Set, Part No.
N801-0530) on the sample block, then slide the heated cover
forward and turn the cover knob clockwise until the white mark on
the knob lines up with the white mark on the cover.
To run the Heater Test:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
Select Diagnostic Test #2 by pressing 2, then pressing ENTER, or
by pressing the STEP key.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #2
HEATER TEST
3
Press ENTER to start the test.
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The following display appears:
Heater Test Blk=xx.x
going to 35C. . .
♦
When the temperature stabilizes, full power is applied to all
heaters. The display then reads “ramping...”, then “timing...”
and the block temperature is monitored.
♦
When the block reaches the setpoint, the following screen
appears:
Heater Test Passed
This display will show “Passed” if the test was successful. If the test
was not successful, the display will show “Failed.” If this should
occur, contact an Applied Biosystems Service Engineer.
4
Press STOP to return to the first Diagnostic display.
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Running the Chiller Test
Diagnostic Test #3 is the Chiller Test, which verifies the
performance of the refrigeration system by calculating the cooling
rate of the sample block.
CAUTION Before you begin this test, make sure you place an
empty MicroAmp Tray (MicroAmp Tray/Retainer Set, Part No.
N801-0530) on the sample block, then slide the heated cover
forward and turn the cover knob clockwise until the white mark on
the knob lines up with the white mark on the cover.
To run the Chiller Test:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
Select Diagnostic Test #3 by pressing 3, then pressing ENTER, or
by pressing the STEP key twice.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #3
CHILLER TEST
3
Press ENTER to start the test.
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♦
The system first waits for the coolant temperature to get to 10
degrees C. (If it can't do this within 18 minutes, a failure message
will be displayed.)
The following display appears:
Chiller Test Blk=xx.x
going to 50C...
The value “xx.x” on the screen pictured above represents the
current temperature (in degrees C) of the sample block.
♦
When the temperature stabilizes, the system drives the sample
block cold, the temperature is monitored for a specific amount of
time, and the cooling rate is calculated.
The following display appears:
Chiller Test Passed
This display will show “Passed” if the test was successful. If the test
was not successful, the display will show “Failed.” If this should
occur, contact an Applied Biosystems Service Engineer.
4
Press STOP to return to the first Diagnostic display.
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Running the System Performance Test
Diagnostic Test #4 is the System Performance Test. The System
Performance Test is a series of comprehensive tests of the
instrument's heating and cooling systems and is used to help an
Applied Biosystems Service Engineer diagnose any special
problem you may be having with your GeneAmp PCR System
9600.
Run this test when you suspect problems with the instrument and
the Heater Test and Chiller Test both pass. The System
Performance takes about 30 to 40 minutes to complete. At the
end of the test, the system will report the results of the tests with
either a pass, warning, or fail message. If any of the tests fail,
record the results (or print them out) and contact an Applied
Biosystems Service Engineer.
To run the System Performance Test:
1
Select DIAG on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
2
Select Diagnostic Test #4 by pressing 4, then pressing ENTER, or
by pressing the STEP key three times.
The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #4
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
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3
Press ENTER.
The following display appears:
System Performance
VIEW-RUN-PRINT
This display lets you choose one of the following options:
VIEW:
Select this option to view the last test results on a
series of displays. Use the STEP key to move
forward through the displays; use the BACK key to
move backward through the displays.
RUN:
Select this option to run the test.
PRINT:
Select this option to print a list of the test results.
4
Press the OPTION key once to move the cursor to RUN on the
display, then press ENTER.
The test will begin and will take about a half hour to complete.
5
After the System Performance Test has been completed, press
ENTER with the cursor under the VIEW selection to view the test
results.
OR
Press the OPTION key twice to move the cursor to the PRINT
selection, then press ENTER. A list of the test results will be
printed.
6
Review the test results with an Applied Biosystems Service
Engineer. The Service Engineer will use the results to identify the
instrument problem.
7
Press STOP to return to the first Diagnostic display.
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Running the Verify Calibration Test
Diagnostic test #5 is the Verify Calibration test. Run this test to
verify that your instrument is still calibrated. To run this test, you
will need the Temperature Verification System for the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600, Applied Biosystems Part No. (N801-0435).
Refer to Chapter 8, “Maintenance,” for complete instructions on
how to verify you instrument's calibration.
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The Delete Function (DEL)
The Delete function lets you:
♦
delete unprotected programs one by one by specifying their
program numbers,
♦
delete protected programs stored under a user number by
specifying that user number, and
♦
delete all unprotected programs.
In all cases, if a program is linked in a method, that program
cannot be deleted until the method is first deleted.
Deleting Programs by Program Number
To delete an individual program by specifying its program
number:
1
Select DEL on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Delete
PROGRAM-USER-ALL
2
With the cursor positioned under PROGRAM, press ENTER.
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The following display appears:
Delete
Enter program #xxx
“xxx” on the display pictured above represents the program number
of the program you want to delete.
3
Press the numeric keys that correspond to the number of the
program you want to delete, then press ENTER. You can delete any
program or method.
Note A program cannot be deleted if it is linked in a method, or if the
program is protected (unless the correct user number is entered.)
4
Press the STOP key at any time to return to the first Delete display.
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Deleting Programs by User Number
To delete all of the programs stored under a specified user
number
1
Select DEL on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears
Delete
PROGRAM-USER-ALL
2
Press the OPTION key to move the cursor to USER, then press
ENTER.
The following display appears
Delete
Enter user # xxxx
3
Press the numeric keys that correspond to the user number of the
programs you want to delete, then press ENTER.
If a program is linked in a method, it cannot be deleted.
The following display appears if there is a program that is linked in a
method:
Progs linked in meth
STEP to list progs
4
Press the STEP key to scroll through the list of linked programs.
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The following display will appear, showing in which method the
program is linked:
Can't delete file xxx
Linked in method xxx!
The number “xxx” on the top line of the display pictured above
represents the program number of the program that cannot be
deleted. The number “xxx” on the bottom line represents the
method number in which the program is linked.
5
If you want to delete all the unlinked programs under the given user
number, press ENTER.
The following display appears:
User #xxxx
Delete all progs?YES
6
Press ENTER to delete the files.
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Deleting All Unprotected Programs
You can delete any program, provided that it is not linked in a
method or protected under a user number.
To delete all unprotected programs:
1
Select DEL on the Utilities menu as described on page 7-3.
The following display appears:
Delete
PROGRAM-USER-ALL
2
Press the OPTION key twice to move the cursor to ALL, then press
ENTER.
The following display appears:
Delete every
unprotected prog?YES
If you change your mind, press the OPTION key to change YES to
NO, then press the STOP key to return to the first Delete display.
3
Press ENTER. All unprotected programs will be deleted.
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Maintenance
8
8
Introduction
This chapter describes how to perform routine maintenance on
the GeneAmp® PCR System 9600 without the aid of an Applied
Biosystems Service Representative.
! WARNING ! Do not remove the instrument cover. There
are no components inside the GeneAmp PCR System 9600
that you can safely service yourself. If you suspect a
problem, contact an Applied Biosystems Service
Representative.
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Cleaning the Sample Wells
The sample wells should be cleaned once a month or as needed.
! WARNING ! During instrument operation, the sample
block can be heated as high as 100 degrees C. Before
performing the following procedure, be sure to wait until the
sample block reaches room temperature.
To clean the sample wells:
1
Run a 25-degree HOLD program to bring the sample block to room
temperature, then turn off the instrument for 15 minutes.
2
Remove the sample tray from the block and set aside.
3
Use a cotton swab soaked in isopropanol and clean the sample
wells thoroughly. Make certain that the isopropanol has evaporated
completely before reloading the sample tray.
If the sample wells become contaminated, clean the wells
thoroughly with a cotton swab soaked in Chlorox.
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Cleaning the Heated Cover
The heated cover should be cleaned once a month or as needed.
! WARNING ! During instrument operation, the heated
cover can be heated as high as 107 degrees C. Before
performing the following procedure, be sure to wait until the
sample block reaches room temperature.
To clean the heated cover, proceed as follows:
1
Run a 25-degree HOLD program to bring the sample block to room
temperature, then turn off the instrument for 15 minutes.
2
Rotate the heated cover handle counterclockwise and slide the
cover about 1/3 of the way towards the back of its range.
3
Note that there are notches in the cover rail, and, taking advantage
of the notches, lift the cover straight up and set it down on its side
on the instrument cover. Do not pull the heated cover away from the
instrument.
4
Soak a clean cloth with isopropanol and gently wipe the bottom of
the cover.
5
Remove any remaining isopropanol from the cover and replace the
cover in its rail. (Remember, the rail is notched about 1/3 of the way
towards the back of its run.)
If the heated cover becomes contaminated, remove the cover, as
described above, and wipe the bottom of the cover with a cloth
soaked in Chlorox.
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Temperature Calibration Verification Test
Use this procedure to verify that your Applied Biosystems
GeneAmp PCR System 9600 still meets the temperature
accuracy specification.
Equipment Required
You will need the following equipment to perform this procedure:
Temperature Verification System, (Part No. N801-0435)
which includes:
♦
Digital thermometer with 9V battery installed
♦
RTD probe
♦
Cotton swabs
♦
Light mineral oil
♦
Probe tray
Verifying the Temperature Calibration
Perform the procedure as described in the following steps. We
recommend that you perform this procedure immediately after
you turn on the instrument.
Note Refer to the Instructions included with your Temperature
Verification System for a detailed description on operating the digital
thermometer.
1
If the heated cover is in the forward position, turn the cover knob
completely counterclockwise, then slide the cover back.
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2
Using a cotton swab, coat wells D1 and E1 with mineral oil.
Figure 8-1 shows the location of these wells.
Figure 8-1
3
Location of sample wells E1 and D1.
Place the probe tray on the sample block so that the probe tray
notch faces the front of the instrument.
The RTD probe assembly consists of two cones, one of which
measures the temperature of the sample well. The wire is attached
to the cone that does not measure the temperature of the sample
well. This cone is a dummy probe.
4
Place the probe assembly into wells D1 and E1 so that the dummy
probe sits in D1. Thread the probe wire through the notch in the
probe tray (see Figure 8-2). Make sure the probe is connected to
the digital thermometer.
8-5
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Figure 8-2
Placing the probe assembly into the sample wells.
5
Slide the heated cover forward and turn the cover knob clockwise
until the white mark on the cover knob is aligned with the white
mark on the cover.
6
Turn on the digital thermometer by moving the ON-OFF/RANGE
switch to the 200 position.
7
Turn on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600. The main menu appears:
Select Option
9600
RUN-CREATE-EDIT-UTIL
8
Press the OPTION key three times to move the cursor to UTIL, then
press ENTER. The utilities menu appears:
8-6
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Select function
DIR-CONFIG-DIAG-DEL
9
Press the OPTION key twice to move the cursor to DIAG, then
press ENTER. The following display appears:
Enter Diag Test #1
REVIEW HISTORY FILE
10 Run the Verify Calibration Diagnostic Test (Test #5) by pressing 5,
then ENTER.
♦
The temperature of the sample block and heated cover will go
to 40 degrees C, and the following display will appear:
Going to 40 ºC...
Cvr= xxC Blk = xx.xC
This display shows the current temperature of the heated cover
(Cvr= xxC) and sample block
(Blk = xx.xC).
♦
When the temperature of the heated cover is within ten
degrees of the sample block temperature, the following
display appears:
Wait 3 minutes...
Time=MM:SS Blk=40.0C
This displays shows the current sample block temperature
(“Blk=40.0C”) and a clock, which counts up from zero in minutes
and seconds (“Time=MM:SS”).
8-7
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♦
When the clock reaches three minutes, the following display
appears:
Record Temperature
Time=MM:SS Blk=40.0C
11 Measure the temperature of well E1 using the digital thermometer
and record this temperature as T(40). See Figure 8-3 on the next
page.
12 Press ENTER.
♦
The temperature of the sample block and heated cover will go
to 95 degrees C, and the following display will appear:
Going to 95°C...
Cvr= xxC Blk = xx.xC
This display shows the current temperatures of the block cover
(Cvr= xxC) and the sample block (Blk = xx.xC).
When the temperature of the block cover is within ten degrees of
the sample block temperature, the following display appears:
Wait 3 minutes
Time=MM:SS Blk=95.0C
This displays shows the current sample block temperature
(“Blk=95.0C”) and a clock, which counts up from zero in minutes
and seconds (“Time=MM:SS”).
8-8
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When the clock reaches three minutes, the following display
appears:
Record Temperature
Time=MM:SS Blk=95.0C
13 Measure the temperature of well E1 using the digital thermometer
and record this temperature as T(95).
Note To exit the test at any time, press the STOP key. Press 5 and
ENTER to return to the Verify Calibration Diagnostic test.
Figure 8-3 shows when you should take the two measurements.
0
95
3
Clock
starts
Temp
°C
0
40
Clock
starts
Measure
well E1
T(95)
3
Measure
well E1 T(40)
Time
Figure 8-3 Temperature measurements in the temperature calibration
verification test.
8-9
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Test Results
Perform the following steps to calculate the results of the test.
You will need to refer to the calibration label that you pasted into
Figure 8-4 below, for the High and Low Offset values.
PASTE THE CALIBRATION LABEL HERE.
Figure 8-4
GeneAmp PCR System 9600 Calibration Label.
Note If you have more than one GeneAmp PCR System 9600 in your
laboratory, make sure that the serial number on the calibration label
matches the serial number on the instrument you are testing.
1
Use the following formula to calculate the average block
temperature at the 95-degree hold:
Block Average at 95°C = T(95) – High Offset
8-10
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♦
If the block average is more than 0.75 degree C above or
below 95 degrees C, your instrument must be recalibrated.
For example:
If the measured temperature of well E1 at was 95.2°C, and the High
Offset printed on your calibration label is –0.1, then you would use
the following formula:
Block Average at 95°C
= 95.2 – (–0.1)
= 95.3°C
In this example, since 95.3°C does not differ by +/–0.75°C from
your programmed target temperature, your instrument would not
need to be recalibrated.
Note The offset is the number of degrees Celsius that the
temperature of well E1 differed from the average temperature of the
block when the instrument was calibrated at the factory.
2
Use the following formula to calculate the average block
temperature at the 40-degree C hold:
Block Average at 40 °C = T(40) – Low Offset
♦
If the block average is more than 0.75 degree C above or
below 40 degrees C, your GeneAmp PCR System 9600
needs to be recalibrated.
For example:
If the measured temperature of well E1 was 39.9°C, and the Low
Offset printed on your calibration label is +0.1, then you would use
the following formula for computing the block average at 40°C:
Block Average at 40°C
= 39.9 – (+0.1)
= 39.8°C
In this example, since 39.8°C does not differ by +/-0.75°C from your
programmed target temperature, your instrument would not need to
be recalibrated.
3
Remove the probe assembly from the sample block and move the
digital thermometer ON-OFF/RANGE switch to the OFF position.
8-11
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4
Clean the oil from wells D1 and E1 using cotton swabs.
This completes the test. The calibration has now been verified.
If your instrument needs to be recalibrated, contact an Applied
Biosystems Service Representative.
8-12
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Temperature Uniformity Test
Use this procedure to test the temperature uniformity of the
sample block in the GeneAmp PCR System 9600.
Equipment Required
You will need the following equipment:
♦
Temperature Verification System
Testing the Temperature Uniformity
Perform the procedure as described in the following steps:
1
If the heated cover is in the forward position, turn the cover knob
completely counterclockwise, then slide the cover back.
2
Coat all the wells in sample block rows A, C, E, and H with mineral
oil using a cotton swab.
3
Place the probe tray on the sample block with the notch facing the
front of the instrument.
The RTD probe assembly consists of two cones, one of which
measures the temperature of the sample well. The wire is attached
to the cone that does not measure the temperature of the sample
well. This cone is a dummy probe.
4
Place the probe assembly into wells A1 and A2 with the dummy
probe in A2. Thread the probe wire through the notch in the probe
tray (see Figure 8-5). Make sure the probe is connected to the
digital thermometer.
8-13
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Figure 8-5
The probe assembly in sample wells A1 and A2.
5
Slide the heated cover forward and turn the cover knob clockwise
until the white mark on the cover knob is aligned with the white
mark on the cover.
6
Turn on the digital thermometer by moving the ON-OFF/RANGE
switch to the 200 position.
7
Turn on the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 and set up a
two-temperature CYCL program with the following
parameters:
Setpoint #1 Temperature = 95°C
Hold Time = 2:00 minutes
Ramp Time = 0:00 minutes
Setpoint #2 Temperature = 40°C
Hold Time = 2:00 minutes
Ramp Time = 0:00 minutes
Cycles = 99
Note Refer to Chapter 4 for detailed instructions on how to set up
and run a CYCL program.
8-14
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8
On the third cycle, measure the temperature of well A1 90 seconds
into Setpoint #1 (95 degrees C setpoint temperature) using the
digital thermometer. The time remaining clock on the run-time
display will read “0:30” (30 seconds). Record this temperature.
9
Still on the third cycle, measure the temperature of well A1 90
seconds into Setpoint #2 (40 degrees C setpoint temperature)
using the digital thermometer. The time remaining clock on the
run-time display will read “0:30” (30 seconds). Record this
temperature.
Figure 8-6 shows when to measure the temperatures.
Measure well A1
90 seconds into
Setpoint #1
Measure well A1
90 seconds into
Setpoint #2
Measure well A4
90 seconds into Setpoint #1
95
Temp
°C
Move
the
probe
to well A4
40
Cycle #3
Measure well
A4 90
seconds
into
Setpoint
#2
Cycle #4
Move
the
probe
to well
A8
Time
Figure 8-6
Measurements in the temperature uniformity test.
Note You can also measure the temperature 30 seconds and one
minute into Setpoints #1 and #2 if you would like to observe the
dynamics of the system.
8-15
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10 After you measure the second temperature of well A1, turn the
cover knob completely counterclockwise, then slide the heated
cover back.
11 Move the probe assembly to wells A4 and A5 with the dummy probe
in A5.
12 Slide the heated cover forward and turn the cover knob clockwise
until the white marks are aligned.
13 Repeat the measurements on wells A4, A8, A12, C1, C4, C8, C12,
E1, E4, E8, and E12, H1, H4, H8, and H12. Make sure you place
the measuring cone of the probe assembly into these wells and the
dummy probe into adjacent wells.
Figure 8-7
Location of wells used in uniformity test.
8-16
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14 When you have completed all measurements, remove the probe
assembly from the sample block and turn off the digital
thermometer.
15 Clean the oil from the sample block.
Test Results
1
For the 16 Setpoint #1 measurements (95°C hold)
subtract the lowest measured temperature from the highest
measured temperature.
2
For the 16 Setpoint #2 measurements (40°C hold),
subtract the lowest measured temperature from the highest
measured temperature.
♦
If either result is greater than 1°C, your GeneAmp PCR
System 9600 must be serviced by an Applied Biosystems
Service Representative.
8-17
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Changing External Fuses
There are two slow-blow fuses accessible from the left side of the
instrument. Use the following procedure to change these fuses.
Use 15-Amp slow-blow fuses for the 100 and 120 VAC
instruments. Use 8-Amp slow-blow fuses for the 220-240 VAC
instruments. See Chapter 10 for information on power
requirements.
1
Turn off the GeneAmp PCR System 9600 and disconnect the power
cord from the instrument.
2
The fuses are located next to the instrument power cord connection
(see Figure 8-8).
Fuse Holders
Instrument Power Cord Connection
F1
Figure 8-8
F2
Removing the fuses.
3
Remove the fuse(s) with a screwdriver. Replace the fuse(s) with the
same type and rating of fuse.
4
Replace the instrument power cord.
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Troubleshooting
9
9
Introduction
This chapter contains troubleshooting information to help you
correct any problems you experience in operating the GeneAmp
PCR System 9600.
This chapter also explains what happens if a power failure
causes the instrument to turn off while you are operating it.
Troubleshooting
The table that begins on the following page lists instrument
problems you may have, the probable causes of these problems,
and what you can do to correct them.
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Table 9-1
Troubleshooting Information
Problem
The power switch is on
but there is no
response.
Possible Cause
The power cable is loose
or not plugged in.
There is no display on
Fuse is blown.
the screen and no
noise from the motor or
fan.
Check and / or Remedy
Plug the power cable in
properly.
Replace the fuse.
Power is on but the
screen is blank and the
motor is running. Or,
when you press a key,
the display does not
show the appropriate
response or the screen
is blank.
An internal fuse may be
blown, or there may be a
controller problem.
Call an Applied
Biosystems Service
Engineer.
The displayed block
temperature appears
inaccurate.
The temperature may
need to be recalibrated.
Perform a temperature
calibration verification test
using Diagnostic Test #5
and the Temperature
Verification System
(Applied Biosystems Part
No. N801-0435).
The heating or cooling
is too slow.
There is a possible
controller or mechanical
malfunction.
Run Diagnostic Test #2
(Heater Test) and #3
(Chiller Test). Call an
Applied Biosystems
Service Engineer if either
test fails.
9-2
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Table 9-1
Troubleshooting Information (continued)
Problem
Possible Cause
Check and / or Remedy
The system will not cool The laboratory is either
down to subambient
too humid or too hot.
temperatures.
Move the instrument to an
air-conditioned room. Or
run Diagnostic Test #3,
the Chiller Test. Call an
Applied Biosystems
Service Engineer if the
test fails.
An error message is
displayed when you
turn on the instrument.
One of the main
instrument systems has
failed.
Call an Applied
Biosystems Service
Engineer.
You are getting
unexpected or
unrepeatable cycle
times, or temperatures
that are too high or too
low.
Suspected poor cycling
performance.
Run Diagnostic Test #4
(System Performance
Test), then call an Applied
Biosystems Service
Engineer.
When starting a run,
the following display
appears:
This is normal if you start
a run just after turning the
instrument on or
completing a subambient
hold.
Wait a few minutes to
allow the block cover to
come up to temperature. If
it doesn’t, contact an
Applied Biosystems
Service Engineer.
Cover temp is xx ° C
Run starts at 100 ° C
9-3
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Table 9-1
Troubleshooting Information (continued)
Problem
Upon power-up or
returning to an
instrument that has
been running
unattended, the
following display
appears:
Possible Cause
Check and / or Remedy
This is normal if the power
has been interrupted or
shut off while running a
program.
Review the history file to
determine when the
power failed. Note that the
system comes up in a 4degree soak to save any
samples. The display
shows how long power
was interrupted.
Power Fail x min
Review history? YES
The printer is not
printing run-time data.
When you turn on the
instrument, the
following display
appears:
The run-time printer mode Turn the run-time printer
configuration parameter is mode on.
not turned on.
The printer has been incorrectly set up.
Check the printer set-up.
Bad Printer cable.
Replace the printer cable.
Possible controller failure.
Contact an Applied
Biosystems Service
Engineer.
Call Service
9-4
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If the Instrument Turns Off
If power is interrupted and the instrument turns off while you are
operating it, the following will occur when you turn it back on:
♦
If you were editing a program, you will lose the changes to
that program and will have to re-edit it.
♦
The instrument will begin a 4-degree Hold program. If you
were editing a program, review the History file to find out how
much of your program was run before the instrument turned
off (see Chapter 7).
♦
If you used a printer to generate run-time data (time and
temperature) after each setpoint, you can reprogram the
remaining programs in the sequence required to complete
the interrupted run.
9-5
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Specifications
10
10
Dimensions
The physical dimensions of the instrument are:
Height: 30.5 cm (12 in.)
Width: 52 cm (20 in.)
Depth: 61 cm (24 in.)
Weight: 40.5 kg (90 lbs.)
Sample Compartment
The sample compartment contains an aluminum block with 96
sample positions in an eight by twelve microplate format.
A heated cover over the sample vessels eliminates the need for
oil.
Sample Tubes
The sample compartment can hold:
96 MicroAmp Reaction Tubes (0.2-mL)
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Power Requirements
There are three versions of the GeneAmp PCR System 9600.
The power requirements of these instrument versions are:
♦
120VAC, 60 Hz, 10 amps, 15-amp slow blow fuse
♦
220-240 VAC, 50 Hz, 5 amps, 8-amp slow blow fuse
♦
100 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 12 amps, 15-amp slow blow fuse
Control Panel
The instrument control panel consists of the display, keypad, and
indicator lights.
Display
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 uses a 40-character blue
luminescent display (20 characters x 2 lines).
The sample temperature is displayed in degrees Celsius
to the nearest 0.1 degree C.
Keypad
The keypad consists of nine function keys and ten numeric keys.
Indicator Lights
There are three indicator lights:
Heating
Cooling
Hot
10-2
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Sample Temperature Range
The temperature range of the sample block is:
4.0 degrees to 99.9 degrees C.
Sample Temperature Accuracy
The displayed sample temperature matches the average true
sample temperature within +/–0.75 degrees C.
Displayed Sample Temperature
The displayed sample temperature will match the specified
setpoint temperature to within +/–0.2 degrees C, centered around
the setpoint temperature two minutes after the sample
temperature is within 1 degree C of setpoint.
Sample Block Temperature Uniformity
The sample block temperature uniformity is:
+/–0.5 degrees C 30 seconds after the clock starts, over the
range 50.0 to 99.9 degrees C.
Sample Temperature Overshoot
An average of 96 sample temperatures shows less than 0.5
degrees C overshoot for upramps and downramps.
Figure 10-1 illustrates block temperature overshoot after ramping
up.
10-3
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Figure 10-1
Sample temperature overshoot after ramping up.
Ramp Time Repeatability
Thermal setpoints are achieved within +/–5 seconds (not
including the first cycle).
Sample Heating and Cooling Rate
The sample temperature ramp rate for heating and cooling is
approximately one degree C per second.
10-4
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Printer Interface
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 uses an RS-232C serial port
as its printer interface. In addition, the following specifications
apply:
Baud Rate: 9600
Setup: no parity, 8 data bits, one stop bit
Temperature Calibration
The GeneAmp PCR System 9600 has been calibrated to
standards traceable to NIST (National Institute for Standards and
Technology U.S.).
10-5
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Index
Note A page number in italics (e.g., 5-26)
indicates an illustration.
A
Aborting a run, 6-20—6-21
ALL history file display option, 7-45, 7-46
ALL history file print option, 7-48
typical printout, 7-49
Allowed setpoint error
changing, 7-23—7-24
default value, 7-23
definition of, 7-23
AUTO program
automatic incrementing and decrementing
of setpoints, 5-41
defining number of cycles in, 5-43
defining the number of setpoints in, 5-40
defining values for Setpoint #1, 5-40
defining values for Setpoint #2, 5-42
defining values for Setpoint #3, 5-43
definition of, 4-12
description of, 4-12—4-13, 4-13,
5-39—5-45
displays in, 5-39, 5-40—5-45
last display, 5-45
programming a pause in, 5-43—5-44
Average block temperature, calculating,
8-10—8-11
B
BACK key
function of, 5-8
moving to previous display, 3-11
selecting diagnostic tests, 7-36
use in directory function, 7-5
use of, 3-11, 3-16
Base, See Sample tray
Beep while hold display, in HOLD program,
5-32
Beeper. See Run-time beeper 7-20
Block. See Sample Block
Block Cover. See Sample block cover
C
Calibration. See Temperature Calibration
Verification test
Calibration label, 8-10
Caps. See MicroAmp reaction tubes
CE key
clearing entries, 3-15
function of, 5-8
Chiller test, 7-52—7-53
accessing, 7-52
in installation, 2-21
pass/fail display, 7-53
Cleaning sample wells, 8-2
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Conventions
notes and warnings, S-2, P-4
used in manual, S-1, P-3
Cleaning the sample block cover, 8-3
Clear Entry key. See CE key
Condensation. See Loading samples
CONFIG function. See Configuration function
Configuration function, 7-16—7-34
changing the allowed setpoint error,
7-23—7-24
changing the pause time-out limit, 7-22
changing the sample tube time constant,
7-30—7-31
MicroAmp reaction tubes, 7-30—7-31
Thin walled GeneAmp reaction tubes,
7-32—7-34
changing the sample tube type,
7-28—7-29
changing the setpoint clock temperature
interval, 7-26—7-27
description of, 7-2
displays in, 7-17
entering an idle state setpoint value, 7-25
in installation, 2-14—2-16
parameters in, 7-16
printing configuration parameters, 7-34
setting time and date, 7-18—7-19
turning runtime beeper on and off,
7-20—7-21
turning runtime printer mode on and off,
7-20—7-21
use of keys in, 7-16
Configuration parameters, 7-16
See also Configuration function
editing, 7-16—7-17
in installation, 2-14—2-16
printing, 7-34
summary of, 2-15—2-18
Control panel, 10-2
display, 10-2
general description of, 1-4, 1-4
indicator lights, 6-16, 10-2
keypad, 10-2
Converting hold times from DNA Thermal
Cycler, 5-4—5-7
Cooling indicator light, 6-16
Cooling samples. See Sample temperature
Cover knob, use in sample tray installation,
6-7, 6-7
CREATE option
on the main menu, 4-4
selecting on main menu, 3-8, 5-10
Creating a program, 5-10
Creating and editing programs, 5-9—5-16
summary of steps, 5-9
Creating methods, summary of steps, 5-17
Customer support. See Technical support
CYCL program
creating a two-temperature, 3-27
defining number of cycles in, 5-36
defining the number of setpoints in, 5-34
defining the number of setpoints, 3-14
defining values for Setpoint #1, 3-15, 5-34
defining values for Setpoint #2, 3-17, 5-35
defining values for Setpoint #3, 3-17, 5-36
definition of, 4-10
description of, 3-3, 3-3, 4-10—4-11,
5-33—5-38
displays in, 3-13, 5-33, 5-34—5-38
example printout, 5-16
example SETPOINT printout, 6-15
first display in, 3-8
hold times in, 3-4
in PCR method, 4-14
in temperature uniformity test, 8-14
last display, 3-19, 5-38
parameters of, 4-11
programming a pause in, 5-36—5-37
ramp times in, 3-4
Index-2
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setpoints in, 3-3, 4-10, 5-33
specifying the number of cycles in, 3-18
storing, 3-20
target temperatures in, 3-4
CYCLE print option, 6-14
Cycle program. See CYCL program
Cycles
defining total number in AUTO program,
5-43
defining total number in CYCL program,
5-36
D
Data record
display, 7-44
error messages in, 7-43
in a history file, 7-42—7-44
information in, 7-42
Decimal values, entering, 5-35
Default values
definition of, 3-4
See also HOLD program, CYCL program,
AUTO program
DEL function. See Delete function
Delete function, 7-57—7-61
deleting all unprotected programs, 7-61
deleting programs by program number,
7-57—7-58
deleting programs by user number,
7-59—7-60
description of, 7-2, 7-57
Deleting programs
all unprotected programs, 7-61
by program number, 7-57—7-58
by user number, 7-59—7-60
if linked in method, 7-59
Denaturation. See PCR technique
DIAG function. See Diagnostic tests
Diagnostic function
description of, 7-2
See also Diagnostic tests
Diagnostic tests, 7-35—7-56
Chiller Test #3, 7-52—7-53
Heater Test #2, 7-50—7-51
initial displays of, 7-37
Review History File Test #1, 7-38—7-49
selecting, 7-36—7-37
by test number, 7-36
using STEP and BACK keys, 7-36
summary of, 7-35
System Performance Test #4, 7-54—7-55
test numbers of, 7-35
Verify Calibration Test #5, 7-56
Digital thermometer, 8-4
Dimensions of instrument, 10-1
DIP switches
on printer, 2-6, 2-9
on serial adapter card, 2-6
Directory function, 7-4—7-15
description of, 7-2
directory display, 7-4
selecting the PROG option, 7-4
selecting the TYPE option, 7-7
selecting the USER option, 7-10
example directory listed by program
number, 7-6
example directory listed by program type,
7-9
example directory listed by user number,
7-12
listing programs by program number,
7-4—7-6
listing programs by program type, 7-7—7-9
listing programs by user number,
7-10—7-12
PRINT selection displays, 7-15
Printing a directory, 7-13—7-15
returning to main menu from, 7-4
types of directories, 7-4
Index-3
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Displayed sample temperature,
10-3
G
Documents on Demand S-19
GeneAmp PCR System 9600
description of software, 1-5—1-6
features of, 1-5
general description of, 1-3
input voltages, 2-4
installing, 2-1—2-21
instrument specifications, 10-1—10-5
Maintenance, 8-1—8-18
ordering accessories and replacement
parts for, 2-3
parts supplied with, 2-2
setting hold times, 5-2—5-7
Dot-matrix printer. See Printer setup and
configuration
E
Edit function, 5-13
EDIT option
See also Editing programs
See also Editing programs on the main
menu, 5-13
Editing configuration parameters, 7-16—7-17
Editing keys, 4-3, 4-3, 5-8
description of, 5-8, 5-8
H
Heated cover. See Sample block cover
Editing methods, 5-23—5-25
Heater test, 7-50—7-51
accessing, 7-50
in installation, 2-19
pass/fail display, 7-51
Editing programs, 5-13—5-15
EDIT option on the main menu, 4-4
overwriting, 5-15
storing, 5-14
Heating and cooling rate, 10-4
Electrical power. See Power requirements
Heating indicator light, 6-16
E-mail address for technical support, S-14
Heating ramps on System 9600 and DNA
Thermal Cycler, 5-3
ENTER key
accepting selections, 3-8
function of, 5-8
Heating samples. See Sample temperature
Help. See Technical support S-14
Entering whole numbers, 3-15
ERROR history file display option, 7-45, 7-47
Error messages, in history file, 7-43
ERRORS history file print option, 7-48
F
Files. See Programs
Fuses, changing, 8-18
High offset, 8-10
History file
description of, 6-22
display options, 7-45
example CYCL program printout, 6-22
PRINT HISTORY display, 7-47
printing, 7-48
printout of all records in, 7-49
records in, 7-38
viewing all records in, 7-46
Index-4
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viewing data records with error messages
in, 7-47
viewing status records in, 7-47
viewing, 7-44—7-47
HOLD program
defining values in, 5-32
definition of, 4-8
description of, 4-8—4-9, 5-32
displays in, 5-32, 5-32
hold for a specific time interval, 4-9
in PCR method, 4-14
last display in, 5-32
run-time displays, 6-19, 6-19
turning beeper on, 5-32
types of, 4-8
Hold time
default value in HOLD program, 5-32
definition of, 3-4
setting in AUTO program, 5-40
setting in CYCL program 5-34
Hold times
converting from DNA Thermal Cycler
for down ramps, 5-6—5-7
for up ramps, 5-4—5-5
default value in AUTO program, 5-40
default value in CYCL program, 5-34
in DNA Thermal Cycler 5-2
in GeneAmp PCR System 9600, 5-2
entering, 7-25
If the instrument turns off, 9-5
Incubation. See HOLD program, Hold time
Indicator lights, 6-16, 10-2
Installation, 2-1—2-21
See also Configuration parameters
configuring for a printer, 2-12—2-13
See also Configuration function
configuring the instrument, 2-14—2-16
heater and chiller tests, 2-19—2-21
parts supplied, 2-2
power requirements, 2-4—2-5
precautions, 2-5
proper location of instrument, 2-5
setting up a printer, 2-6—2-13
115VAC printer, 2-6—2-13
230VAC printer, 2-10—2-13
unpacking, 2-2
Internet address
Documents on Demand S-19
K
Keypad, 1-4, 4-2
description of, 4-2—4-3
types of keys, 4-3
HOME option
description of, 5-9
use in methods, 5-17
L
Hot indicator light, 6-16
Link files display, 5-18
Humidity
requirements for installation, 2-5
Loading a sample tray
96-position tray, 6-2—6-8
without samples, 3-22
I
Laboratory requirements, 2-5
Loading samples, 6-2—6-4
Idle state setpoint
default value, 7-25
definition of, 7-25
Low offset, 8-11
Index-5
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M
Main menu, 3-6
CREATE option, description of, 4-4
cursor on, 3-6
description of, 3-6, 4-4—4-5
EDIT option, description of, 4-4
getting to the, 4-4
options on, 4-4, 4-5
RUN option, description of, 4-4
selecting a function on, 4-5—4-6
selecting options on, 3-7, 3-7
using the STOP key to return to, 5-29
UTIL option, description of, 4-4
Maintenance procedures, 8-1—8-18
cleaning the sample block cover, 8-3
cleaning the sample wells, 8-2
temperature calibration verification test,
8-4—8-12
temperature uniformity test, 8-13
Messages
in history file status records, 7-40
METH program
description of, 4-14
selecting on main menu, 5-18
Method Program. See METH program
Methods
creating and editing, 5-17—5-27
summary of steps, 5-17
creating, 5-18—5-20
definition, 5-18
editing, 5-23—5-25
example printout, 5-26
linking files in, 5-18
printing, 5-25—5-27
program numbers in, 5-18
storing, 5-21—5-22, 5-24
MicroAmp reaction tubes
changing the time constant, 7-30—7-31
installing caps on, 6-4
use in 96-position sample tray, 6-2
MORE key
function of, 6-11
moving between two run-time displays,
3-26, 3-26, 6-18
O
Offset
definition of, 8-11
Oil. See Loading samples
OPTION key
changing a NO selection to YES, 3-18,
3-18
function of, 5-8
selecting options on main menu 3-7, 3-7
selecting utilities functions, 7-3
Ordering replacement parts, 2-3
Overshoot, 10-3, 10-4
Overwriting programs, 5-15
Overwriting protected programs, 5-15
P
Pause during run
in AUTO program, 5-43
in CYCL program, 5-36
PAUSE key, function of, 6-11
Pause time-out limit
acceptable range, 7-22
changing, 7-22
default value, 7-22
definition of, 7-22
Pausing a run, 6-20
PCR method
definition, 4-6
description of, 4-14
example of, 4-14
Index-6
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PCR programs and methods
overview of, 4-6—4-7
setting up, 5-1—5-45
PCR technique
annealing step, 1-2
Denaturing step, 1-2
description of, 1-2
Extending step, 1-2
in AUTO program, 4-12
in CYCL program, 4-10
in HOLD program, 4-8
in methods, 4-14
Polymerase chain reaction, definition of, 1-2
Power interruption, 9-5
Power requirements, 2-4—2-5, 10-2
input voltages, 2-4
Power switch, location of, 3-5
Precautions, 2-5
Primer annealing. See PCR technique
Primer extending. See PCR technique
Printer cable connection, 2-7
Printer interface, 10-5
Printer Kit
for 115VAC printer, 2-6
for 230VAC printer, 2-10
Printer setup and configuration, 2-6—2-13
See also Configuration function
configuring for a printer, 2-12—2-13
connecting printer cable, 2-7
DIP switch settings and cable connections,
2-9
installing 115VAC printer, 2-6
Printer Kit, 2-6
serial adapter card, 2-6
installing 230VAC printer, 2-10
connecting a plug to 230V adapter, 2-10
Printer Kit, 2-10
serial adapter card 2-10
use of 230V adapter, 2-10
serial adapter card DIP switch settings, 2-8
serial adapter cards, 2-6
specifications, 10-5
PRINT
on directory display, 7-15
on the directory display, 7-13—7-15
Printing a directory, 7-13—7-15
selecting a directory, 7-13
PRINT HISTORY display, 7-47
Printing methods, 5-25—5-27
METHOD option, 5-26
example printout, 5-26
PROGRAM DATA option, 5-26
example printout, 5-27
PRINT history file option, 7-45
Print mode
available options, 6-14
CYCLE option, 6-14
OFF option, 6-14
SETPOINT option, 6-14
PRINT option
See also Printing programs
description of, 5-9
in methods, 5-25
in System Performance test, 7-55
selecting, 5-16
use in methods, 5-17
Printing configuration parameters, 7-34
Printing programs, 5-16
Printing the history file, 7-48—7-49
Probe tray, use in temperature calibration
verification test, 8-5
Probe. See RTD probe
PROG, on directory display, 7-4
Program not stored display, 5-28
Index-7
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Program numbers
assigning to methods, 5-21
assigning, 5-11
use in creating methods, 5-18, 5-45
use in deleting programs, 7-57
viewing a directory of programs by,
7-4—7-6, 7-6
Programming a pause
in AUTO program, 5-43
in CYCL program, 5-36
Programs
creating, 5-10
definition of, 1-5, 4-6
editing, 5-13—5-15
linking in methods, 4-6—4-7
overview of, 4-6—4-7
overwriting, 5-15
printing, 5-16—5-17
recalling, 5-30—5-31
running, 6-1—6-22
storing, 5-11—5-12, 5-14
types of, 1-5, 4-6, 4-7
Protected methods, 5-25
Protecting programs, 5-11
R
Ramp time repeatability, 10-4
Ramp time,
defining in CYCL porgram, 5-34
definition of, 3-4
Reaction volume, 7-29
Recalling programs, 5-30—5-31
Removing samples, 6-9
Removing the sample tray, 6-8
Retainer. See Sample tray retainer
Reviewing the history file, 7-38—7-49
See also History file
data records 7-42
status records, 7-39
Reviewing the history of a run, 6-22
RTD probe
description of, 8-5
placing in sample wells A1 and A2, 8-14
placing in sample wells E1 and D1, 8-6
RUN key, function of, 6-11
RUN option
description of, 5-9
in System Performance test, 7-55
on the main menu, 4-4
use in methods, 5-17
Running methods, specifying a method, 6-10
Running programs
checking the start clock parameter, 6-12
in the Tutorial, 3-24—3-27
pausing a run, 6-20
RUN option, 6-12
run-time displays, 6-17—6-19
runtime keys, 6-11
selecting a print mode, 6-14
selecting sample tube type, 6-12—6-13
specifying a program, 6-10
starting a run, 6-11
stopping a run, 6-20
stored programs, 6-12
Running samples, 6-1—6-22
See also Running programs
summary of steps, 6-1
Run-time beeper
turning on and off, 7-20
Run-time display
in CYCL program, 3-26, 6-18
use of the MORE key, 3-26, 3-26, 6-18
Run-time displays
in CYCL and AUTO programs, 6-17
in CYCL program, 6-17
in HOLD program, 6-19
Index-8
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Run-time displays, 6-17—6-19
Run-time printer mode
turning on and off, 7-20
turning on, 2-13
Sample tray
96-position
installing, 6-2, 6-3
loading without samples, 3-22—3-23
placing in the block, 6-5, 6-5
removing, 6-8
S
Sample tray retainer
installing, 6-4, 6-4
Sample block cover
cleaning, 8-3
use in sample tray installation, 6-6
use in trial run, 3-23
use of cover knob, 6-7
Sample tube reaction volume, in
configuration function, 7-29
Run-time keys, 4-3, 6-11
Sample block temperature
idle state setpoint, 7-25
in chiller test, 7-53
in heater test, 7-51
in temperature calibration verification test,
8-7
range of, 10-3
uniformity of, 10-3
Sample block, 1-3
and target temperature, 5-2
general description of, 1-3—1-4
numbering of wells in, 6-2
Sample compartment, 10-1
sample tubes, 10-1
Sample temperature 5-2
accuracy of, 10-3
allowed setpoint error, 7-23
displayed, 10-3
in CYCL program 5-33
in HOLD program 5-31
overshoot, 10-3, 10-4
setting in AUTO program, 5-40
setting in CYCL program, 5-34
setting in HOLD program, 5-32
testing uniformity of, 8-13
verifying calibration of, 8-4—8-12
Sample tube time constant, specifying in
configuration function, 7-30—7-34
Sample tube type, specifying in configuration
function, 7-28—7-29
Sample tubes
See also Loading samples, MicroAmp
reaction tubes
in configuration function, 7-28
installing caps on, 6-4
removing from sample tray, 6-9, 6-9
selecting type before a run, 6-12—6-13
Sample wells
used in temperature calibration verification
test, 8-5, 8-6
used in temperature uniformity test, 8-14,
8-16, 8-16, 8-16
Samples
heating and cooling rate of, 10-4
loading, 6-2—6-4
removing, 6-9
Selecting a print mode, 6-14
available print options, 6-14
Selecting a utilities function, 7-3
Serial adapter card
in printer installation, 2-6—2-7
setting DIP switches on, 2-6, 2-8
Setpoint clock, 7-26
changing the temperature interval, 7-26
temperature interval
Index-9
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temperature calibration, 10-5
default value, 7-26
temperature interval, 7-26, 7-26
Starting a run, 6-11—6-16
SETPOINT print option
example printout, 6-15
Starting up the instrument, 3-5
STAT history file display option, 7-45, 7-47
SETPOINT print option, 6-14
STAT history file print option, 7-48
Setpoint time. See Hold time, Ramp time
Setpoints
defining number in AUTO program, 5-40
defining number in CYCL program, 5-34
in AUTO program
automatic incrementing and
decrementing of, 5-41
specifying a pause after, 5-44
in CYCL program, specifying a pause after,
5-37
in CYCL programs, 3-3
Setting hold times, 5-2—5-7
Status record
display, 7-41
in a history file, 7-39
information in, 7-39
messages in, 7-40
STEP key
accepting default values, 3-9
function of, 5-8
moving to the next display, 3-9, 3-13
selecting diagnostic tests, 7-36
use in directory function, 7-5
STOP key
function as runtime key, 6-11
function of, 5-8
shortcuts, 5-28—5-29
Setting the time and date, 2-13, 7-18—7-19
Software
basics of, 4-1—4-14
features of, 1-6
general description of, 1-5
shortcuts, 5-28—5-30
Stopping a run, 6-20—6-21
Specifications, 10-1—10-5
control panel, 10-2
display, 10-2
indicator lights, 10-2
keypad, 10-2
displayed sample temperature, 10-3
instrument dimensions, 10-1
power requirements, 10-2
printer interface, 10-5
ramp time repeatability, 10-4
sample block temperature range, 10-3
sample block temperature uniformity, 10-3
sample compartment, 10-1
sample heating and cooling rate, 10-4
sample temperature accuracy, 10-3
sample temperature overshoot, 10-3, 10-4
sample tubes, 10-1
STORE option
description of, 5-9
selecting, 5-11
use in methods 5-17
Storing a method, 5-21—5-22
Storing a program, 5-11—5-12
assigning a program number, 5-11
entering user numbers, 5-12
protecting programs, 5-11
Storing methods, 5-24
System Performance test, 7-54—7-55
available options, 7-55
getting to, 7-54
viewing the results of, 7-55
Index-10
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T
use in Verify Calibration test, 7-56
Target temperature
See also Sample temperature, Setpoints
in CYCL programs, 3-4
See also Sample temperature
Temperature, requirements for installation,
2-5
Test # 1. See Reviewing the history file
Test # 2. See Heater test
Technical support S-14—S-19
E-mail address S-14
Internet address S-18
Telephone/fax S-15—S-18
Test # 3. See Chiller test
Temperature calibration specification, 10-5
Test results
of temperature calibration verification test,
8-10
of temperature uniformity test, 8-17
Temperature calibration verification test,
8-4—8-12
See also Verify calibration test
calculating results of, 8-10—8-12
equipment required, 8-4
first measurement in, 8-8
measurements in, 8-9
placing probe in sample wells, 8-6
sample block temperature in, 8-7
sample wells used in, 8-5
second measurement in, 8-9
use of Diagnostic Test #5, 8-7
Temperature interval. See Setpoint clock
Temperature range, 10-3
Temperature uniformity test
sample wells used in, 8-16
Temperature uniformity test, 8-13—8-17
calculating results of, 8-17
equipment required, 8-13
first measurement in, 8-15
measurements in, 8-15, 8-16
placing probe in sample wells, 8-14
procedure, 8-13—8-17
sample wells used in, 8-16, 8-16
second measurement in, 8-15
Test # 4. See System performance test
Test # 5. See Verify calibration test
Thin walled GeneAmp reaction tubes,
changing the time constant, 7-32—7-34
Time constant. See Sample tube time
constant
Time. See Hold time, Ramp time
Tray. See Sample tray
Troubleshooting table, 9-2—9-4
Troubleshooting, 9-1—9-5
Tube type. See Sample tube type
Tubes. See Sample tubes
Tutorial, 3-1—3-27
about the, 3-1
before you start, 3-2
customizing a CYCL program, 3-14—3-19
getting to the CYCL program, 3-6—3-8
running a program, 3-24—3-27
starting a trial run, 3-22—3-27
storing a CYCL program, 3-20—3-21
viewing displays in CYCL program,
3-9—3-13
Temperature uniformity, 10-3
Two-temperature CYCL program, creating,
3-27
Temperature Verification System
parts included, 8-4
TYPE, on directory display, 7-7
Index-11
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by user number, 7-10—7-12, 7-12
U
Viewing the history file, 7-44—7-47
Unpacking the instrument, 2-2
Unprotected programs, deleting, 7-61
User diagnostics. See Diagnostic tests
User identification number. See User
numbers
W
WWW address
Applied Biosystems S-18
Documents on Demand S-19
User numbers, 5-12
use in deleting programs, 7-59—7-60
use in storing methods, 5-22
use in storing programs, 5-11
viewing a directory of programs listed by,
7-10—7-12
USER, on directory display, 7-10—7-12
UTIL option,
on the main menu, 4-4
Utilities menu
accessing, 7-2
functions on, 7-2
Utilities, 7-1—7-61
accessing, 7-2
Configuration function, 7-16—7-34
Delete function, 7-57—7-61
Diagnostic tests, 7-35—7-56
Directory function, 7-4—7-15
overview of utilities displays, 7-3
selecting a utilities function, 7-3
summary of functions, 7-2
V
Verify Calibration test, 7-56
accessing, 8-6—8-7
VIEW option, in System performance test,
7-55
Viewing a directory
by program number, 7-4—7-6, 7-6
by program type, 7-7—7-9, 7-9
Index-12
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Headquarters
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Foster City, CA 94404 USA
Phone: +1 650.638.5800
Toll Free: +1 800.345.5224
Fax: +1 650.638.5884
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Applied Biosystems vast distribution and
service network, composed of highly trained
support and applications personnel, reaches
into 150 countries on six continents. For
international office locations, please call our
local office or refer to our web site at
www.appliedbiosystems.com.
www.appliedbiosystems.com
Applera Corporation is committed to providing the
world’s leading technology and information for life
scientists. Applera Corporation consists of the
Applied Biosystems and Celera Genomics
businesses.
Printed in the USA, 04/2001
Part Number 0993-8660 Rev. E
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