FARS Analytical User`s Manual - Investigative Reporters and Editors

FARS Analytical User`s Manual - Investigative Reporters and Editors
DOT HS 812 092
December 2014
Fatality Analysis Reporting
System (FARS)
Analytical User’s Manual
1975-2013
DISCLAIMER
This publication is distributed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in the interest of information exchange.
The opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of
the authors and not necessarily those of the Department of Transportation or the
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The United States Government
assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. If trade or manufacturers’ names
or products are mentioned, it is because they are considered essential to the object
of the publication and should not be construed as an endorsement. The United
States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
1975 – 2013
U. S. Department of Transportation
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
National Center for Statistics and Analysis
Washington, D.C. 20590
Table of Contents
New in 2013 FARS ......................................................................................................... 2
Preface ........................................................................................................................... 8
FARS Operations ............................................................................................................ 9
FARS SAS Data Files ................................................................................................... 10
FARS Data Element List ............................................................................................... 14
Data Element Definitions and Codes............................................................................. 25
The ACCIDENT Data File .................................................................................. 31
The VEHICLE Data File ..................................................................................... 86
The PERSON Data File ................................................................................... 237
The PARKWORK Data File ............................................................................. 282
The CEVENT Data File ................................................................................... 407
The VEVENT Data File .................................................................................... 414
The VSOE Data File ........................................................................................ 421
The DAMAGE Data File .................................................................................. 425
The DISTRACT Data File ................................................................................ 427
The DRIMPAIR Data File................................................................................. 429
The FACTOR Data File ................................................................................... 431
The MANEUVER Data File .............................................................................. 433
The VIOLATN Data File ................................................................................... 435
The VISION Data File ...................................................................................... 439
The NMCRASH Data File ................................................................................ 441
The NMIMPAIR Data File ................................................................................ 443
The NMPRIOR Data File ................................................................................. 445
The SAFETYEQ Data File ............................................................................... 447
The VINDECODE Data File ............................................................................. 449
Appendices ................................................................................................................. 450
Appendix A:
V23 Accident Type Diagram................................................... 451
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information ...................................... 452
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year486
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes ......................... 510
Appendix E:
Pedestrian and Bicyclist Data Availability Change.................. 552
Appendix F:
Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements .............. 553
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Table of Contents  1
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
New in 2013 FARS
New in 2013 FARS
Data Elements with Changes in Attributes
Below is a list of FARS data elements that have substantial changes for 2013. Changes are
denoted in bold typeface (bold/italics for additions, bold/strikethrough for deletions). More
detailed information on each data element can be found in the FARS/NASS GES Coding and
Validation Manual. NHTSA publishes these manuals for each year of data collection and they
can be found at:
http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/listpublications.aspx?Id=J&ShowBy=DocType.
DATA
ELEMENT
#
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
SAS
TABLE.NAME
C17
Crash Events Areas of Impact
(This Vehicle)
Cevent.AOI1,
Vevent.AOI1,
Vsoe.AOI1
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“19 - Other Objects Set-In-Motion”
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“18 - Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-InMotion (Not a Clock Value)”.
C17
Crash Events Areas of Impact
(Other Vehicle)
Cevent.AOI2,
Vevent.AOI2,
Vsoe.AOI2
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“19 - Other Objects Set-In-Motion”
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“18 - Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-InMotion (Not a Clock Value)”.
C18
First Harmful
Event
Accident.
HARM_EV
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“73 - Object Fell From Motor Vehicle
In-Transport”.
C20B
Relation to
Junction
Accident.
RELJCT2
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“20 - Entrance/Exit Ramp”.
C21
Type of
Intersection
Accident.
TYP_INT
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“10 - L-Intersection”.
C25
Atmospheric
Conditions
Accident.
WEATHER,
Accident.
WEATHER1,
Accident.
WEATHER2
C26
School Bus
Related
Accident.
SCH_BUS
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“03 - Sleet or Hail (Freezing Rain or
Drizzle)”.
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“12 - Freezing Rain or Drizzle”.
 Deleted Attribute
“8 - Not Reported”.
New in 2013 FARS  2
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
DATA
ELEMENT
#
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
C31
Related Factors
- Crash Level
V9
V10
V11
V18
V19
V22
Vehicle Make
Vehicle Model
New in 2013 FARS
SAS
TABLE.NAME
Accident.CF1,
Accident.CF2,
Accident.CF3
COMMENTS
 Added New Attributes and Remarks
“26 - Backup Due to Prior NonRecurring Incident”, “27 - Backup Due
to Prior Crash”, “28 - Backup Due to
Regular Congestion”.
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“25 - Toll Booth/Plaza Related”.
Vehicle.
MAKE
 Add New Attribute
Vehicle.
MODEL
 Added New Attribute
“26 - Coda”.
 Delete Attribute
“66 - Mahindra”.
“599 - Unknown (Low Speed Vehicle
(LSV) / Neighborhood Electric Vehicle
(NEV))”.
 Delete Attribute
“899 - Unknown Medium/Heavy
Truck”.
Vehicle.
BODY_TYP
 Updated Attribute
Vehicle
Configuration
Vehicle.
V_CONFIG
 Deleted Attribute
Cargo Body
Type
Vehicle.
CARGO_BT
 Deleted Attribute
Special Use
Vehicle.
SPEC_USE
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
Body Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
“48 - Unknown light truck type (not a
pickup)”.
“98 - Not Reported”.
“28 - Not Reported”.
“08 - Non-Transport Emergency
Services Vehicle”.
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“13 - Incident Response”.
New in 2013 FARS  3
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
DATA
ELEMENT
#
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
V23
Emergency Use
changes to
Emergency
Motor Vehicle
Use
V28A
Initial Contact
Point
New in 2013 FARS
SAS
TABLE.NAME
Vehicle.
EMER_USE
Vehicle.
IMPACT1
 Deleted Attribute
“1 - Yes”.
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“0 - No Not Applicable”.
 Add New Attributes and Remarks
“2 - Non-Emergency, Non-Transport”,
“3 - Non-Emergency Transport”,
“4 - Emergency Operation,
Emergency Warning Equipment Not
in Use”,
“5 - Emergency Operation,
Emergency Warning Equipment in
Use”.
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“19 - Other Objects Set-In-Motion”.
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“18 - Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-InMotion (Not a Clock Value)”.
 Deleted attributes
“1 - Driven Away”,
“4 - Abandoned/Left at Scene”.
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“5 - Not Towed”.
V30
Vehicle Removal
V31
Sequence of
Events
Cevent.SOE,
Vevent.SOE,
Vsoe.SOE
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“73 - Object Fell From Motor Vehicle
In-Transport”.
V32
Most Harmful
Event
Vehicle.
M_HARM
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“73 - Object Fell From Motor Vehicle
In-Transport”.
D22
Speed Related
changed to
Speeding
Related
Vehicle.
SPEEDREL
 Updated Data Element name
 Deleted Attribute
“1 - Yes”.
 Added New Attributes and Remarks
“2 - Yes, Racing”, “3 - Yes, Exceeded
Speed Limit”, “4 - Yes, Too Fast for
Conditions”, “5 - Yes, Specifics
Unknown”.
PC5
Trafficway
Description
Vehicle.
VTRAFWAY
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“0 - Non-Trafficway or Driveway
Access”.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle.
TOWED
COMMENTS
New in 2013 FARS  4
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
DATA
ELEMENT
#
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
New in 2013 FARS
SAS
TABLE.NAME
COMMENTS
PC6
Total Lanes in
Roadway
Vehicle.
VNUM_LAN
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“0 - Non-Trafficway or Driveway
Access”.
PC7
Speed Limit
Vehicle.
VSPD_LIM
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“00 - No Statutory Limit/Non-Trafficway
or Driveway Access”.
PC8
Roadway
Alignment
PC9
Vehicle.
VALIGN
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“0 - Non-Trafficway or Driveway
Access”.
Roadway Grade
Vehicle.
VPROFILE
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“0 - Non-Trafficway or Driveway
Access”.
PC10
Roadway
Surface Type
Vehicle.
VPAVETYP
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“0 - Non-Trafficway or Driveway
Access”.
PC11
Roadway
Surface
Conditions
Vehicle.
VSURCOND
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“00 - Non-Trafficway or Driveway
Access”.
PC17
Pre-Event
Movement (Prior
to Recognition of
Critical Event)
Vehicle.
P_CRASH1
 Updated Attribute
“00 - No Driver Present/Unknown if
Driver Present”.
PC20
Attempted
Avoidance
Maneuver
Vehicle.
P_CRASH3
 Updated Attribute
“00 - No Driver Present/Unknown if
Driver Present”.
PC21
Pre-Impact
Stability
Vehicle.
PCRASH4
 Updated Attribute
“0 - No Driver Present/Unknown if
Driver Present”.
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“5 - Skidding Laterally, Rotation
Direction Unknown”
PC22
Pre-Impact
Location
Vehicle.
PCRASH5
 Updated Attribute
“00 - No Driver Present/Unknown if
Driver Present”.
PC23
Crash Type
Vehicle.
ACC_TYPE
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“93 - Backing, Etc.: Other Vehicle or
Object – Use Backing, Etc.”.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
New in 2013 FARS  5
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
DATA
ELEMENT
#
P8/NM8
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
Injury Severity
New in 2013 FARS
SAS
TABLE.NAME
Person.
INJ_SEV
COMMENTS
 Updated Remarks and Attributes
“0 - No Apparent Injury (O),
“2 - Non-incapacitating Evident
Suspected Minor Injury (B)” and
“3 - Incapacitating Suspected Serious
Injury (A)”.
P10
Restraint
System/ Helmet
Use
Person.
REST_USE
 Updated Attribute and Remarks
“07 - None Use - Motor Vehicle
Occupant” and “16 - Other Helmet,
Other than DOT-Compliant
Motorcycle Helmet”.
 Added New Attribute and Remarks
“19 - Helmet, Unknown if DOT
Compliant” and “29 - Unknown if
Helmet Worn”.
P22/NM21
Transported to
Treatment
Facility
changed to
Transported to
First Treatment
Facility
Person.
HOSPITAL
 Updated Data Element name
P26
Related Factors
- Person (MV
Occupant) Level
Person.
P_SF1,
Person.
P_SF2,
Person.
P_SF3
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
 Added New Remarks and Attributes
“89 - Parked Motor Vehicle With
Equipment Extending into the Travel
Lane” and “92 - Person in Ambulance
Treatment Compartment”.
New in 2013 FARS  6
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
New in 2013 FARS
Summary of the SAS Naming Changes in 2013
Locator
Code
2012
SAS Name
N/A
New 2013
SAS Name
Vindecode data set
Data Element Name
81 new data elements
N/A
The data elements in RED are new to 2013 FARS.
The data elements in BLUE are changed in 2013 FARS.
The Vindecode data file is new in 2013. The data file contains 81 VIN decoded data elements
(V200-280). The 24 VIN decoded data elements (V112-136) in the Vehicle, Parkwork and
Person data files have been discontinued. For more information about the new Vindecode data
elements, see Appendix F: Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
New in 2013 FARS  7
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Preface
Preface
One of the primary objectives of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is
to reduce the staggering human toll and property damage that motor vehicle traffic crashes
impose on our society. Crashes each year result in thousands of lives lost, hundreds of
thousands of injured victims, and billions of dollars in property damage. Accurate data are
required to support the development, implementation, and assessment of highway safety
programs aimed at reducing this toll. NHTSA uses data from many sources, including the
Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) which began operation in 1975. Providing data
about fatal crashes involving all types of vehicles, the FARS is used to identify highway safety
problem areas, provide a basis for regulatory and consumer information initiatives, and form the
basis for cost and benefit analyses of highway safety initiatives.
FARS is a census of fatal motor vehicle crashes with a set of data files documenting all
qualifying fatalities that occurred within the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico
since 1975. To qualify as a FARS case, the crash had to involve a motor vehicle traveling on a
trafficway customarily open to the public, and must have resulted in the death of a motorist or a
non-motorist within 30 days of the crash.
This multi-year analytical user’s manual provides documentation on the historical coding
practices of the Fatality Analysis Reporting System from 1975 to 2013. In other words, this
manual presents the evolution of FARS coding from inception through present. The manual
includes the data elements that are contained in FARS and other useful information that will
enable the users to become familiar with the data system. FARS/NASS GES Coding and
Validation Manuals provide more detailed definitions for each data element and attribute for a
given year. Years 2001 to current are available at:
http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Cats/listpublications.aspx?Id=J&ShowBy=DocType
The compilation of FARS data for almost four decades has been a priority for NHTSA. These
data store valuable information that have been preserved over time and are available for
present and future use. This analytical user’s manual should help improve the usefulness and
accessibility of the FARS data. With the exception of personal notes, there is no reason to keep
older versions of this reference manual. All information in earlier editions has been retained in
this newer version.
Thank you for your interest in highway traffic safety.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Preface  8
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Operations
FARS Operations
The Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), which became operational in 1975, contains
data on a census of fatal traffic crashes within the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico. To be included in FARS, a crash must involve a motor vehicle traveling on a
trafficway customarily open to the public, and must result in the death of an occupant of a
vehicle or a non-occupant within 30 days (720 hours) of the crash.
FARS is directed by the National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA), which is a
component of Vehicle Safety (NVS) in NHTSA. NHTSA has a cooperative agreement with an
agency in each State’s government to provide information on all qualifying fatal crashes in the
State. These agreements are managed by Regional Contracting Officer’s Technical
Representatives located in the 10 NHTSA Regional Offices. Trained State employees, called
“FARS Analysts,” are responsible for gathering, translating, and transmitting their State’s data to
NCSA in a standard format. The number of analysts varies by State.
FARS data are obtained from various States’ documents, such as:









Police Accident Reports (PAR)
Death Certificates
State Vehicle Registration Files
Coroner/Medical Examiner Reports
State Driver Licensing Files
Hospital Medical Reports
State Highway Department Data
Emergency Medical Service Reports
Vital Statistics and other State Records
From these documents, the analysts code more than 100 FARS data elements. The specific
data elements may be modified slightly each year to conform to changing user needs, vehicle
characteristics, and highway safety emphasis areas. The data collected within FARS do not
include any personal identifying information, such as names, addresses, or social security
numbers. Thus, any data kept in FARS data files and made available to the public fully conform
to the Privacy Act.
Each analyst interprets and codes data directly onto an electronic data file. The data are
automatically checked when entered for acceptable range values and for consistency, enabling
the analyst to make corrections immediately. Several programs continually monitor and improve
the completeness and accuracy of the data.
Each analyst uses a coding manual which provides a set of written instructions on how to
transfer the information from a police accident/crash report (PAR) to the FARS data. To
augment the coding manual, classes are held each year to train the coders, and a system wide
FARS meeting is held to reinforce uniform coding practices.
After the data file is created, quality checks are performed on the data. When these are
completed, the electronic data are made available to the public. The FARS data are also used
to respond to requests from the international and national highway safety communities, state
and local governments, the Congress, federal agencies, research organizations, industry, the
media, and private citizens. Annual FARS data files are available for 1975 through 2013.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Operations  9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS SAS Data Files
FARS SAS Data Files
FARS data are made available to the public in Statistical Analysis System (SAS) data files as
well as Database Files (DBF). Over the years, changes have been made to the type of data
collected and the way the data are presented in the data files. Some data files have been
discontinued and new ones have been created. For the current data collection year there are
19 data files.
This manual describes the 19 current data files as well as previously discontinued data files.
The 19 current data files are: Accident, Vehicle, Person, Parkwork, Cevent, Vevent, Vsoe,
Distract, Factor, Drimpair, Nmimpair, Maneuver, Nmprior, Nmcrash, Safetyeq, Violatn, Vision,
Damage and Vindecode data files. The following data files: Distract, Factor, Drimpair,
Nmimpair, Maneuver, Nmprior, Nmcrash, Safetyeq, Violatn, Vision, and Damage contain data
elements in which the analyst could code multiple responses. Hence, the 2013 FARS/NASS
GES Coding and Validation Manual will instruct coders to “select all that apply” for these data
elements. Discontinued data files are included after the current data files. The Vehnit data file
was replaced by the Parkwork data file and its data element history can be found in the
Parkwork data file.
The data files are presented with their data elements in the Data Elements Definitions and
Codes section. For each of the data elements, a brief definition is provided along with any
additional information which could assist analyses. SAS names and values are also provided
for the data elements. Discontinued data elements are moved to the end of the data file.
The SAS data files and years of availability are:





Accident - (1975-current): This data file contains information about crash characteristics
and environmental conditions at the time of the crash. There is one record per crash.
Vehicle - (1975-current): This data file contains information describing the in-transport
motor vehicles and the drivers of in-transport motor vehicle who are involved in the
crash. There is one record per in-transport motor vehicle. Parked and working vehicle
information is in the Parkwork data file.
Person - (1975-current): This data file contains information describing all persons
involved in the crash including motorists (i.e., drivers and passengers of in-transport
motor vehicles) and non-motorists (e.g., pedestrians and pedalcyclists). It provides
information such as age, sex, and vehicle occupant restraint use and injury severity.
There is one record per person.
Parkwork - (2010-current): This data file contains information about parked and working
vehicles that were involved in FARS crashes. A parked vehicle is a motor vehicle which
is stopped off the roadway. A working vehicle is used to indicate that this is a motor
vehicle that was in the act of performing highway construction, maintenance or utility
work related to the trafficway when it became an involved in the crash. Data users are
strongly advised to consult the annual FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manuals
for a detailed description. There is one record per parked/working vehicle.
Cevent – (2010-current): This data file contains information for all of the qualifying
events (i.e., both harmful and non-harmful involving in-transport motor vehicles) which
occurred in the crash. It details the chronological sequence of events resulting from an
unstabilized situation that constitutes a motor vehicle traffic crash. There is one record
per event. Included in each record is a description of the event or object contacted (e.g.,
ran off road-right, crossed center line, guardrail, parked motor vehicle), the vehicles
involved, and the vehicles’ area of impact.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS SAS Data Files  10
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
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
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



FARS SAS Data Files
Vevent – (2010-current): This data file contains the sequence of events for each intransport motor vehicle involved in the crash. This data file has the same data elements
as the Cevent data file. In addition, this data file has a data element that records the
sequential event number for each vehicle (VEVENTNUM). There is one record for each
event for each in-transport motor vehicle.
Vsoe – (2010-current): This data file contains the sequence of events for each intransport motor vehicle involved in the crash. This data file has a subset of the data
elements contained in the Vevent data file (It is a simplified Vevent data file). There is
one record for each event for each in-transport motor vehicle.
Damage - (2012-current): This data file contains information about all of the areas on
this vehicle that were damaged in the crash. There is one record per damaged area.
Distract - (2010-current): This data file contains information about driver distractions.
There is at least one record per in-transport motor vehicle. Each distraction is a separate
record.
Drimpair - (2010-current): This data file contains information about physical impairments
of drivers of motor vehicles. There is one record per impairment and there is at least one
record for each driver of an in-transport motor vehicle.
Factor - (2010-current): This data file contains information about vehicle circumstances
which may have contributed to the crash. There is at least one record per in-transport
motor vehicle. Each factor is a separate record.
Maneuver - (2010-current): This data file contains information about actions taken by
the driver to avoid something or someone in the road. There is at least one record per
in-transport motor vehicle. Each maneuver is a separate record.
Violatn - (2010-current): This data file contains information about violations which were
charged to drivers. There is at least one record per in-transport motor vehicle. Each
violation is a separate record.
Vision - (2010-current): This data file contains information about circumstances which
may have obscured the driver’s vision. There is at least one record per in-transport
motor vehicle. Each obstruction is a separate record.
Nmcrash - (2010-current): This data file contains information about any improper
actions of people who are not occupants of motor vehicles (e.g., pedestrians and
bicyclists) or contributing circumstances noted on the PAR. There is one record per
action and there is at least one record for each person who is not an occupant of a motor
vehicle.
Nmimpair - (2010-current): This data file contains information about physical
impairments of people who are not occupants of motor vehicles. There is one record per
impairment and there is at least one record for each person who is not an occupant of a
motor vehicle.
Nmprior - (2010-current): This data file contains information about what people who are
not occupants of motor vehicles (e.g., pedestrians and bicyclists) are doing prior to the
crash. There is one record per action and there is at least one record for each person
who is not an occupant of a motor vehicle.
Safetyeq - (2010-current): This data file contains information about safety equipment
used by people who are not occupants of motor vehicles. There is one record per
equipment item, and there is at least one record for each person who is not an occupant
of a motor vehicle.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS SAS Data Files  11
FARS Analytical User’s Manual


FARS SAS Data Files
Vindecode - (2013-current): This data file contains vehicle descriptors for all vehicles,
mainly passenger vehicles, trucks and motorcycles, based on the vehicle’s VIN which is
decoded using the VINtelligence program. There is one record per vehicle.
Discontinued Data Files
Vehnit - (2005-2009): This data file contains information about parked and working
vehicles that were involved in FARS crashes. Prior to the Vehnit creation, the vehicles
Not-In-Transport were not included in the FARS data. This data file had the same list of
data elements and SAS structure as the Vehicle data file where the UNITTYPE of the
vehicle is 2, 3, or 4. The vehicle data file will have the vehicles in-transport where the
UNITYPE of the vehicle is 1. Beginning in 2010, FARS discontinued the Vehnit data file
and introduced the Parkwork data file. There is one record per parked/working vehicle.
This data file was replaced in 2010 with the Parkwork data file. See the Parkwork data
file in the Data Element Definitions and Codes section for the element history of this data
file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS SAS Data Files  12
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS SAS Data Files
Non-Motorists
CRASH
LEVEL
VEHICLE
LEVEL
Motor Vehicle
Crashes
CASENUM
In-Transport
Motor Vehicles
Parked/Working
Motor Vehicles
CASENUM
VEH_NO
CASENUM
EVENT
LEVEL
Crash Events
PERSON
LEVEL
CASENUM
VEH_NO
CASENUM
VEH_NO
PER_NO
Multiple
Responses
VEHICLE
LEVEL
Vehicle Events
Motorists and
Non-Motorists
In-Transport Motor Vehicle Details
PERSON
LEVEL
Non-Motorist Details
zzz
Key
DATA FILE LEVEL
Records
KEY DATA ELEMENT
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS SAS Data Files  13
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
FARS Data Element List
The following lists all SAS data elements with their SAS data file locations.
DATA ELEMENT LIST
C1/V1/D1/PC1/
P1/NM1
C2/V2/D2/PC2/
P2/NM2
V3/D3/PC3/
P3/NM4
P4/NM3
C17
C17
C3
C3A
C4
C4A
C4B
C5
C5A
C6
C7
C8A
C8B
C8C
C8D
C9A
C9B
C10
C11
C12
C13
C13
State Number
STATE
26
Consecutive Number
ST_CASE
27
Vehicle Number
Person Number
Event Number
Vehicle Event Number
VEH_NO
PER_NO
EVENTNUM
VEVENTNUM
28
29
30
30
PEDS
32
PERNOTMVIT
VE_TOTAL
VE_FORMS
PVH_INVL
32
33
34
35
PERSONS
36
PERMVIT
COUNTY
CITY
MONTH
DAY
DAY_WEEK
YEAR
HOUR
MINUTE
NHS
ROAD_FNC
ROUTE
TWAY_ID
TWAY_ID2
37
38
39
40
40
41
41
42
42
43
44
45
46
46
The ACCIDENT Data File 31
Number of Forms Submitted for Persons
Not in Motor Vehicles
Number of Persons Not in Motor Vehicles
in Transport (MVIT)
Number of Vehicle Forms Submitted- ALL
Number of Motor Vehicles in Transport (MVIT)
Number of Parked/Working Vehicles
Number of Forms Submitted for Persons
in Motor Vehicles
Number of Persons in Motor Vehicles
in Transport (MVIT)
County
City
Month of Crash
Day of Crash (FARS Only)
Day of Week
Year of Crash
Hour of Crash
Minute of Crash
National Highway System
Roadway Function Class
Route Signing
Trafficway Identifier
Trafficway Identifier
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List  14
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C14
C15A
C15B
C16
C18
C19
C20A
C20B
C21
C22
C23
C24
C25
C25
C25
C26
C27
C28A
C28B
C29A
C29B
C30A
C30B
C31
C31
C31
C100
C101
Milepoint
Latitude
Longitude
Special Jurisdiction
First Harmful Event
Manner of Collision
Relation to Junction- Within Interchange Area
Relation to Junction- Specific Location
Type of Intersection
Relation to Trafficway
Work Zone
Light Condition
Atmospheric Conditions
Atmospheric Conditions
Atmospheric Conditions
School Bus Related
Rail Grade Crossing Identifier
Hour of Notification
Minute of Notification
Hour of Arrival at Scene
Minute of Arrival at Scene
Hour of EMS Arrival at Hospital
Minute of EMS Arrival at Hospital
Related Factors- Crash Level
Related Factors- Crash Level
Related Factors- Crash Level
Drunk Driver
Fatalities
Federal Highway (discontinued)
Hit and Run (discontinued)
Land Use (discontinued)
Roadway Alignment (discontinued)
Roadway Profile (discontinued)
Roadway Surface Condition (discontinued)
Roadway Surface Type (discontinued)
Speed Limit (discontinued)
Total Lanes in Roadway (discontinued)
Traffic Control Device (discontinued)
Traffic Control Device Functioning
(discontinued)
Trafficway Description (discontinued)
Vehicles in Transport (discontinued)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
MILEPT
LATITUDE
LONGITUD
SP_JUR
HARM_EV
MAN_COLL
RELJCT1
RELJCT2
TYP_INT
REL_ROAD
WRK_ZONE
LGT_COND
WEATHER
WEATHER1
WEATHER2
SCH_BUS
RAIL
NOT_HOUR
NOT_MIN
ARR_HOUR
ARR_MIN
HOSP_HR
HOSP_MIN
CF1
CF2
CF3
DRUNK_DR
FATALS
FED_AID
HIT_RUN
LAND_USE
ALIGNMNT
PROFILE
SUR_COND
PAVE_TYP
SP_LIMIT
NO_LANES
TRA_CONT
47
48
49
50
51
55
56
56
58
59
60
61
62
62
62
63
64
65
65
66
66
67
67
68
68
68
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
T_CONT_F
TRAF_FLO
VEHICLES
83
84
85
FARS Data Element List  15
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V4
V5
V6
V7
V8
V9
V10
V11
V12
V13
V14
V15
V16
V16A
V16B
V17
V18
V19
V20A/HM1
V20B/HM2
V20C/HM3
V20D/HM4
V20E/HM5
V21
V22
V23
V24
V25
V26
V27
V28A
V29
V30
V32
V33
V33
V34
V100
V101
V102
V103
The VEHICLE Data File
86
Number of Occupants
Unit Type
Hit and Run
Registration State (FARS Only)
Registered Vehicle Owner
Vehicle Make
Vehicle Model
Body Type
Vehicle Model Year
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Vehicle Trailing
Jackknife
Motor Carrier Identification Number (MCID)
MCID Issuing Authority
MCID Identification Number
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
Vehicle Configuration
Cargo Body Type
Hazardous Material Involvement
Hazardous Material Placard
Hazardous Material Identification Number
Hazardous Material Class Number
Release of Hazardous Material from the
Cargo Compartment
Bus Use
Special Use
Emergency Motor Vehicle Use
Travel Speed
Underride/Override
Rollover
Location of Rollover
Initial Contact Point
Extent of Damage
Vehicle Removal
Most Harmful Event
Related Factors- Vehicle Level
Related Factors- Vehicle Level
Fire Occurrence
Make Model Combined
VIN Character 1
VIN Character 2
VIN Character 3
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
NUMOCCS
UNITTYPE
HIT_RUN
REG_STAT
OWNER
MAKE
MODEL
BODY_TYP
MOD_YEAR
VIN
TOW_VEH
J_KNIFE
MCARR_ID
MCARR_I1
MCARR_I2
GVWR
V_CONFIG
CARGO_BT
HAZ_INV
HAZ_PLAC
HAZ_ID
HAZ_CNO
87
88
89
90
92
93
98
100
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
115
117
117
117
118
HAZ_REL
BUS_USE
SPEC_USE
EMER_USE
TRAV_SP
UNDERIDE
ROLLOVER
ROLINLOC
IMPACT1
DEFORMED
TOWED
M_HARM
VEH_SC1
VEH_SC2
FIRE_EXP
MAK_MOD
VIN_1
VIN_2
VIN_3
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
133
133
135
136
137
138
139
FARS Data Element List  16
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V104
V105
V106
V107
V108
V109
V110
V111
V112
V150
V151
D4
D5
D6
D7A
D7B
D8
D9
D10
D11
D12
D13
D14
D15
D16
D17
D18
D19A
D19B
D20A
D20B
D22
D24
D24
D24
D24
PC5
PC6
PC7
PC8
PC9
VIN Character 4
VIN Character 5
VIN Character 6
VIN Character 7
VIN Character 8
VIN Character 9
VIN Character 10
VIN Character 11
VIN Character 12
Fatalities in Vehicle (Number)
Driver Drinking
Driver Presence
Driver’s License State (FARS Only)
Driver’s ZIP Code
Non-CDL License Type
Non-CDL License Status
Commercial Motor Vehicle License Status
Compliance with CDL Endorsements
License Compliance with Class of Vehicle
Compliance with License Restrictions
Driver Height
Driver Weight
Previous Recorded Crashes
Previous Recorded Suspensions and
Revocations
Previous DWI Convictions
Previous Speeding Convictions
Previous Other Harmful Moving Violation
Convictions
Month of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Year of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Month of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Year of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Speeding Related
Related Factors- Driver Level
Related Factors- Driver Level
Related Factors- Driver Level
Related Factors- Driver Level
Trafficway Description
Total Lanes in Roadway
Speed Limit
Roadway Alignment
Roadway Grade
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
VIN_4
VIN_5
VIN_6
VIN_7
VIN_8
VIN_9
VIN_10
VIN_11
VIN_12
DEATHS
DR_DRINK
DR_PRES
L_STATE
DR_ZIP
L_TYPE
L_STATUS
CDL_STAT
L_ENDORS
L_COMPL
L_RESTRI
DR_HGT
DR_WGT
PREV_ACC
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
154
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
PREV_SUS
PREV_DWI
PREV_SPD
163
164
165
PREV_OTH
FIRST_MO
FIRST_YR
LAST_MO
LAST_YR
SPEEDREL
DR_SF1
DR_SF2
DR_SF3
DR_SF4
VTRAFWAY
VNUM_LAN
VSPD_LIM
VALIGN
VPROFILE
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
172
172
172
178
179
180
181
182
FARS Data Element List  17
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC10
PC11
PC12
PC13
PC17
PC19
PC20
PC21
PC22
PC23
FARS Data Element List
Roadway Surface Type
VPAVETYP
Roadway Surface Condition
VSURCOND
Traffic Control Device
VTRAFCON
Traffic Control Device Functioning
VTCONT_F
Pre-Event Movement
(Prior To Recognition of Critical Event)
P_CRASH1
Critical Event- Precrash
P_CRASH2
Attempted Avoidance Maneuver
P_CRASH3
Pre-Impact Stability
PCRASH4
Pre-Impact Location
PCRASH5
Crash Type
ACC_TYPE
Axle (discontinued)
AXLES
Carburetion (discontinued)
CARBUR
Crash Avoidance Maneuver (discontinued)
AVOID
Cubic Inch Displacement (discontinued)
DISPLACE
Curb Weight (discontinued)
VIN_WGT
Driver Training (discontinued)
DR_TRAIN
Driver’s Vision Obscured by (discontinued)
D_VISION1
Driver’s Vision Obscured by (discontinued)
D_VISION2
Driver’s Vision Obscured by (discontinued)
D_VISION3
Fuel Code (discontinued)
FUELCODE
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard
(discontinued)
HAZ_CARG
Most Damaged Area (discontinued)
IMPACT2
Motorcycle Dry Weight (discontinued)
MCYCL_WT
Motorcycle Engine Displacement (CC)
(discontinued)
MCYCL_DS
Motorcycle Type (discontinued)
MCYCL_TY
Number of Cylinders (discontinued)
CYLINDER
Number of Motorcycle Engine Cycles
(discontinued)
MCYCL_CY
Number of Wheels/Drive Wheels
(discontinued)
WHLDRWHL
Original Tire Size (discontinued)
TIRE_SZE
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
SEQ1
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
SEQ2
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
SEQ3
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
SEQ4
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
SEQ5
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
SEQ6
Truck Shipping Weight (discontinued)
TRK_WT
Truck Shipping Weight Variance (discontinued) TRKWTVAR
Truck Ton Rating (discontinued)
TON_RAT
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
183
184
185
186
187
188
190
191
192
193
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
202
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
213
213
213
213
213
215
216
217
FARS Data Element List  18
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
Truck VIN Restraint Type (discontinued)
Truck Weight Rating (discontinued)
Vehicle Maneuver (discontinued)
Vehicle Role (discontinued)
VIN Body Type (discontinued)
VIN Length (discontinued)
VIN Make (discontinued)
VIN Model (discontinued)
VIN Model Year (discontinued)
VIN Truck Series (discontinued)
VIN Vehicle Type (discontinued)
Wheelbase Short (discontinued)
Wheelbase Long (discontinued)
The PERSON Data File
P5/NM5
P6/NM6
P7/NM7
P8/NM8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
P14
P15
P16/NM15
P17/NM16
P18A/NM17A
P18A/NM17A
P18A/NM17A
P19/NM18
P20/NM19
P21A/NM20A
P21B/NM20B
P21B/NM20B
P21B/NM20B
P21B/NM20B
P21B/NM20B
P21B/NM20B
P22/NM21
P23/NM22
218
219
220
221
225
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
AGE
SEX
PER_TYP
INJ_SEV
SEAT_POS
REST_USE
238
239
240
241
242
244
REST_MIS
AIR_BAG
EJECTION
EJ_PATH
EXTRICAT
DRINKING
ALC_DET
ALC_STATUS
ATST_TYP
ALC_RES
DRUGS
DRUG_DET
DSTATUS
DRUGTST1
DRUGTST2
DRUGTST3
DRUGRES1
DRUGRES2
DRUGRES3
HOSPITAL
DOA
246
247
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
259
259
259
260
260
260
261
262
237
Age
Sex
Person Type
Injury Severity
Seating Position
Restraint System/Helmet Use
Indication of Misuse of Restraint
System/Helmet
Air Bag Deployed
Ejection
Ejection Path
Extrication
Police Reported Alcohol Involvement
Method of Alcohol Determination by Police
Alcohol Test Status
Alcohol Test Status
Alcohol Test Status
Police Reported Drug Involvement
Method of Drug Determination by Police
Drug Test Status
Drug Test Type
Drug Test Type
Drug Test Type
Drug Test Type
Drug Test Type
Drug Test Type
Transported to First Treatment Facility
Died at Scene/En Route
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN_REST
WGTCD_TR
VEH_MAN
IMPACTS
VIN_BT
VIN_LNGT
VINMAKE
VINA_MOD
VINMODYR
SER_TR
VINTYPE
WHLBS_SH
WHLBS_LG
FARS Data Element List  19
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P24A/NM23A
P24B/NM23B
P24C/NM23C
P25/NM24
P25A/NM24A
P25B/NM24B
P26/NM25
P26/NM25
P26/NM25
P100A
P100B
SP1
SP2
SP3A
SP3B
NM4
NM10
C4A
C8A
C8B
C9A
C9B
C18
C19
V4
V5
V6
V7
V8
V9
V10
V11
V12
V13
V14
V16
V16A
V16B
V17
FARS Data Element List
Month of Death
Day of Death
Year of Death
Death Time
Hour of Death
Minute of Death
Related Factors- Person Level
Related Factors- Person Level
Related Factors- Person Level
Lag Hours
Lag Minutes
Death Certificate Number
Fatal Injury at Work
Race
Hispanic Origin
Number of Motor Vehicle Striking Non-Motorist
Non-Motorist Location at Time of Crash
Automatic Restraint (discontinued)
Manual Restraint (discontinued)
DEATH_MO
DEATH_DA
DEATH_YR
DEATH_TM
DEATH_HR
DEATH_MN
P_SF1
P_SF2
P_SF3
LAG_HRS
LAG_MINS
CERT_NO
WORK_INJ
RACE
HISPANIC
STR_VEH
LOCATION
AUT_REST
MAN_REST
263
263
264
265
265
266
267
267
267
272
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
280
281
The PARKWORK Data File 282
Number of Motor Vehicles in Transport (MVIT)
Month of Crash
Day of Crash (FARS Only)
Hour of Crash
Minute of Crash
First Harmful Event
Manner of Collision
Number of Occupants
Unit Type
Hit and Run
Registration State (FARS Only)
Registered Vehicle Owner
Vehicle Make
Vehicle Model
Body Type
Vehicle Model Year
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Vehicle Trailing
Motor Carrier Identification Number
MCID Issuing Authority
MCID Identification Number
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
PVE_FORMS
PMONTH
PDAY
PHOUR
PMINUTE
PHARM_EV
PMAN_COLL
PNUMOCCS
PTYPE
PHIT_RUN
PREG_STAT
POWNER
PMAKE
PMODEL
PBODYTYP
PMODYEAR
PVIN
PTRAILER
PMCARR_ID
PMCARR_I1
PMCARR_I2
PGVWR
283
284
284
285
285
286
288
289
290
291
292
294
295
299
300
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List  20
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V18
V19
V20A/HM1
V20B/HM2
V20C/HM3
V20D/HM4
V20E/HM5
V21
V22
V23
V25
V28A
V29
V30
V32
V33
V33
V34
V100
V101
V102
V103
V104
V105
V106
V107
V108
V109
V110
V111
V112
V150
Vehicle Configuration
Cargo Body Type
Hazardous Material Involvement
Hazardous Material Placard
Hazardous Material Identification Number
Hazardous Material Class Number
Release of Hazardous Material from the
Cargo Compartment
Bus Use
Special Use
Emergency Motor Vehicle Use
Underride/Override
Initial Contact Point
Extent of Damage
Vehicle Removal
Most Harmful Event
Related Factors – Vehicle Level
Related Factors – Vehicle Level
Fire Occurrence
Make Model Combined
VIN Character 1
VIN Character 2
VIN Character 3
VIN Character 4
VIN Character 5
VIN Character 6
VIN Character 7
VIN Character 8
VIN Character 9
VIN Character 10
VIN Character 11
VIN Character 12
Fatalities in Vehicle (Number)
Axle (discontinued)
Carburetion (discontinued)
Crash Avoidance Maneuver (discontinued)
Commercial Motor Vehicle License Status
(discontinued)
Compliance with CDL Endorsements
(discontinued)
Compliance with License Restrictions
(discontinued)
Cubic Inch Displacement (discontinued)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
PV_CONFIG
PCARGTYP
PHAZ_INV
PHAZPLAC
PHAZ_ID
PHAZ_CNO
310
311
312
312
312
313
PHAZ_REL
PBUS_USE
PSP_USE
PEM_USE
PUNDERIDE
PIMPACT1
PVEH_SEV
PTOWED
PM_HARM
PVEH_SC1
PVEH_SC2
PFIRE
PMAK_MOD
PVIN_1
PVIN_2
PVIN_3
PVIN_4
PVIN_5
PVIN_6
PVIN_7
PVIN_8
PVIN_9
PVIN_10
PVIN_11
PVIN_12
PDEATHS
AXLES
PCARBUR
AVOID
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
324
324
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
CDL_STAT
344
L_ENDORS
345
L_RESTRI
PDISPLACE
346
347
FARS Data Element List  21
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Curb Weight (discontinued)
Driver Drinking (discontinued)
Driver Height (discontinued)
Driver Presence (discontinued)
Driver Weight (discontinued)
Driver’s License State (discontinued)
Driver’s Vision Obscured by (discontinued)
Driver’s Vision Obscured by (discontinued)
Driver’s Vision Obscured by (discontinued)
Driver’s ZIP Code (discontinued)
Fuel Code (discontinued)
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard
(discontinued)
Jackknife (discontinued)
License Compliance with Class of Vehicle
(discontinued)
Location of Rollover (discontinued)
Month of First Crash, Suspension or
Conviction (discontinued)
Month of Last Crash, Suspension or
Conviction (discontinued)
Most Damaged Area (discontinued)
Motorcycle Dry Weight (discontinued)
Motorcycle Engine Displacement (CC)
(discontinued)
Non-CDL License Status (discontinued)
Non-CDL License Type (discontinued)
Number of Cylinders (discontinued)
Number of Motorcycle Engine Cycles
(discontinued)
Number of Wheels/Drive Wheels
(discontinued)
Original Tire Size (discontinued)
Previous DWI Convictions (discontinued)
Previous Other Harmful Moving Violation
Convictions (discontinued)
Previous Recorded Crashes (discontinued)
Previous Recorded Suspensions and
Revocations (discontinued)
Previous Speeding Convictions (discontinued)
Rollover (discontinued)
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
PVIN_WGT
DR_DRINK
DR_HGT
DR_PRES
DR_WGT
L_STATE
D_VISION1
D_VISION2
D_VISION3
DR_ZIP
PFUECODE
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
354
354
355
356
HAZ_CARG
J_KNIFE
357
358
L_COMPL
ROLINLOC
359
360
FIRST_MO
361
LAST_MO
PIMPACT2
PMCYCL_WT
362
363
364
PMCYCL_DS
L_STATUS
L_TYPE
PCYLINDER
365
366
366
367
PMCYCL_CY
368
PWHLDRWHL
PTIRE_SZE
PREV_DWI
369
370
371
PREV_OTH
PREV_ACC
372
373
PREV_SUS
PREV_SPD
ROLLOVER
SEQ1
SEQ2
SEQ3
374
375
379
380
380
380
FARS Data Element List  22
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
Sequence of Events (discontinued)
Speeding Related (discontinued)
Travel Speed (discontinued)
Truck Ton Rating (discontinued)
Truck Shipping Weight (discontinued)
Truck Shipping Weight Variance
(discontinued)
Truck VIN Restraint Type (discontinued)
Truck Weight Rating (discontinued)
Vehicle Maneuver (discontinued)
Vehicle Role (discontinued)
VIN Body Type (discontinued)
VIN Length (discontinued)
VIN Make (discontinued)
VIN Model (discontinued)
VIN Model Year (discontinued)
VIN Truck Series (discontinued)
VIN Vehicle Type (discontinued)
Wheelbase Long (discontinued)
Wheelbase Short (discontinued)
Year of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
(discontinued)
Year of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
(discontinued)
The CEVENT Data File
Vehicle Number (This Vehicle)
Area of Impact (This Vehicle)
Sequence of Events
Vehicle Number (Other Vehicle)
Area of Impact (Other Vehicle)
407
C17
C17
V31
C17
C17
414
C17
C17
V31
C17
C17
The VEVENT Data File
Vehicle Number (This Vehicle)
Area of Impact (This Vehicle)
Sequence of Events
Vehicle Number (Other Vehicle)
Area of Impact (Other Vehicle)
C17
V31
The VSOE Data File 421
Area of Impact Associated with the Event
Sequence of Events
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
SEQ4
SEQ5
SEQ6
SPEEDREL
TRAV_SP
PTON_RAT
PTRK_WT
380
380
380
381
382
383
384
PTRKWTVAR
PVIN_REST
PWGTCD_TR
VEH_MAN
IMPACTS
PVIN_BT
PVIN_LNGT
PVINMAKE
PVINA_MOD
PVINMODYR
PSER_TR
PVINTYPE
PWHLBS_LG
PWHLBS_SH
385
386
387
388
389
390
394
395
396
397
398
399
403
404
FIRST_YR
405
LAST_YR
406
VNUMBER1
AOI1
SOE
VNUMBER2
AOI2
408
409
410
412
413
VNUMBER1
AOI1
SOE
VNUMBER2
AOI2
415
416
417
419
420
AOI
SOE
422
423
FARS Data Element List  23
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
FARS Data Element List
425
V28B
The DAMAGE Data File
Damaged Areas
427
PC16
The DISTRACT Data File
Driver Distracted By
MDAREAS
426
MDRDSTRD
428
The DRIMPAIR Data File
429
Condition (Impairment) at Time of CrashDriver
DRIMPAIR
430
PC4
The FACTOR Data File
431
Contributing Circumstances, Motor Vehicle
MFACTOR
432
PC15
The MANEUVER Data File 433
Driver Maneuvered to Avoid
MDRMANAV
434
The VIOLATN Data File
Violations Charged
435
D21
MVIOLATN
436
The VISION Data File
Driver’s Vision Obscured by
439
PC14
MVISOBSC
440
The NMCRASH Data File
Non-Motorist Action/Circumstances
at Time of Crash
441
MTM_CRSH
442
D23
NM12
NM14
NM11
NM13
The NMIMPAIR Data File
443
Condition (Impairment) at Time of CrashNon-Motorist
NMIMPAIR
444
The NMPRIOR Data File
Non-Motorist Action/Circumstances
Prior to Crash
445
MPR_ACT
446
The SAFETYEQ Data File
Non-Motorist Safety Equipment
447
MSAFEQMT
448
The VINDECODE Data File 449
See Appendix F: Changes to the VIN Decoded Data Elements
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
553
FARS Data Element List  24
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes
Data Element Definitions and Codes
This section represents the majority of the manual. It provides detailed information on the data
elements, including definitions, SAS names, attribute codes and attribute labels. Over the years,
changes have been made to the type of data collected. Some data elements have been
dropped, new ones added, and coding of individual data elements has changed. Coding
changes and the years for which individual data items are available are shown for each data
element. The FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manual contains a detailed description
of each data element including coding instructions and attribute definitions. The Coding Manual
is published for each year of data collection. Years 2001 to current are available at:
http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Cats/listpublications.aspx?Id=J&ShowBy=DocType
The data elements are listed here under the primary data file in which the data are stored.
Some data elements are provided in more than one data file to facilitate common analyses. For
example, Month of Crash (MONTH) is a crash-level data element but for convenience it is also
provided in the Vehicle, Parkwork and Person files.
All data elements are numeric except the following, which are character:
 C13 Trafficway Identifier (TWAY_ID, TWAY_ID2) [30]
 C27 Rail Grade Crossing Identifier (RAIL) [7]
 V13 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN, PVIN) [12]
 V16 & V16B Motor Carrier ID (MCARR_ID) [11], (MCARR_I2) [9]
 V101-V112 VIN Characters 1-12 (VIN_1, VIN_2, VIN_3, VIN_4, VIN_5, VIN_6, VIN_7,
VIN_8, VIN_9, VIN_10, VIN_11, VIN_12, PVIN_1, PVIN_2, PVIN_3, PVIN_4, PVIN_5,
PVIN_6, PVIN_7, PVIN_8, PVIN_9, PVIN_10, PVIN_11, PVIN_12) [1]
 V200-V280 VIN decoded data elements in the Vindecode data file [255]
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  25
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes
All of the data files contain the following two (2) crash-level data elements:
C1/V1/D1/PC1/P1/NM1
State Number
Definition: This data element identifies the state in which the crash occurred. The codes are
from the General Services Administration’s (GSA) publication of worldwide Geographic Location
Codes (GLC).
Additional Information: GSA state data elements except for 43, Puerto Rico. The State in
which the vehicle is registered, REG_STAT, is found in the Vehicle data file; the coding is the
same.
SAS Name: STATE
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
01 Alabama
02 Alaska
04 Arizona
05 Arkansas
06 California
08 Colorado
09 Connecticut
10 Delaware
11 District of Columbia
12 Florida
13 Georgia
15 Hawaii
16 Idaho
17 Illinois
18 Indiana
19 Iowa
20 Kansas
21 Kentucky
22 Louisiana
23 Maine
24 Maryland
25 Massachusetts
26 Michigan
27 Minnesota
28 Mississippi
29 Missouri
30 Montana
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
52
51
53
54
55
56
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands (since 2004)
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Data Element Definitions and Codes  26
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C2/V2/D2/PC2/P2/NM2
Data Element Definitions and Codes
Consecutive Number
Definition: This data element is the unique case number assigned to each crash. It appears
on each data file and is used to merge information from the data files together.
Additional Information: This data element is a combination of the GSA State code and an
assigned consecutive number. It is assigned by the data entry system to each crash and is the
unique identifier for the crash within the year. It is used as the key, when any two of these files
from the same year are merged.
This data element is stored as a numeric data element of six characters; the first two characters
are the State code, and the next four characters are case number, with leading zeros if
necessary.
SAS Name: ST_CASE
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
xxxxxx
Two Characters for State Code followed by Four Characters for
Case Number
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  27
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes
All of the vehicle level data files contain the preceding accident level data elements as well as
VEH_NO:
V3/D3/PC3/P3/NM4 Vehicle Number
Definition: This data element is the consecutive number assigned to each vehicle in the case.
This data element appears on each vehicle level data file and is used in conjunction with the
ST_CASE data element to merge information from vehicle level data files.
Additional Information: All vehicles will have a positive integer value. The value 0 is only used
for non-motorists (pedestrians, cyclists, etc.) in the Person File. There are no corresponding
Vehicle records for non-motorists. ST_CASE and VEH_NO may be used to merge the
complete Person File to the Accident File, but including the Vehicle File in the merge will
eliminate non-motorists from the merged data.
Non-Occupants have VEH_NO = 00, in this case see STR_VEH (N_MOT_NO prior to 2011)
under Non-Motorist Striking Vehicle Number in the Person data file.
SAS Name: VEH_NO
Attribute Codes
19752008
00-99
2009Later
000-999
Assigned Number of Motor Vehicle
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  28
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes
All of the person level data files contain the preceding accident level and vehicle level data
elements as well as PER_NO:
P4/NM3
Person Number
Definition: This data element is the consecutive number assigned to each person in the case
(i.e., each occupant, pedestrian, or non-motorists involved in the crash). This data element
appears on each person level data file and is used in conjunction with the ST_CASE data
element (and sometimes the VEH_NO data element) to merge information from person level
data files.
Additional Information: Each occupant of the vehicle is numbered and each non-occupant is
numbered, in the case of a non-occupant the vehicle number is zero. The numbers for
occupants are consecutive, for each vehicle, beginning with 001. Numbers are never skipped.
Drivers do not have to be coded 001. Non-Occupants are identified by vehicle number 0 and are
numbered consecutively starting with 01 for each non-motorist. To get drivers see data element
PER_TYP, under Person Type.
PER_NO can be used in merges, e.g., when merging the FARS person data file with the
multiple cause of death file.
SAS Name: PER_NO
Attribute Codes
19752008
01-99
2009Later
001-999
Assigned Person Number
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  29
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes
The CEVENT, VEVENT and VSOE data files contain the preceding crash level data elements
as well as EVENTNUM:
C17
Event Number
Definition: This data element is the consecutive number assigned to each harmful and nonharmful event in a crash, in chronological order.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: EVENTNUM
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
001-999 Event Number
The VEVENT and VSOE data files contain the preceding crash level data elements, VEH_NO
and EVENTNUM as well as VEVENTNUM:
C17
Vehicle Event Number
Definition: This data element is the consecutive number assigned to each harmful and nonharmful event for this vehicle, in chronological order.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VEVENTNUM
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
001-999 Vehicle Event Number
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  30
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The ACCIDENT Data File
The ACCIDENT Data File
The Accident data file includes crash data. It contains the data elements ST_CASE and
STATE, which are described in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes
section. ST_CASE is the case identifier for each record. The Accident data file also contains
the data elements on the following pages.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  31
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C3
The ACCIDENT Data File
Number of Forms Submitted for Persons Not in Motor Vehicles
Definition: This data element counts the number of Person Forms (Not a Motor Vehicle
Occupant) that are applicable to this case (i.e., non-occupants).
Additional Information: This represents the number of forms created for persons not in motor
vehicles. It is the count of all persons where “Person Type” is in (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 or 19).
Note: Persons where “Person Type” = 3 (Occupant of a Motor Vehicle Not In-Transport) are not
included in this data element but are counted in C3A below.
SAS Name: PEDS
Attribute Codes
19912010
01-99
C3A
2011Later
00-99
Number of Persons Not in Motor Vehicles
Number of Persons Not in Motor Vehicles in Transport (MVIT)
Definition: This data element counts the number of non-motorists in the crash. A non-motorist
is defined as a pedestrian, a cyclist, an occupant of a motor vehicle not in-transport, a person
riding a horse, an occupant of an animal drawn conveyance, person associated with nonmotorist conveyance (e.g., baby carriage, skate board, wheelchair), or an other non-motorist
(e.g., person outside a trafficway, person in a house).
Additional Information: This data element is derived from the Person data file and is the
count of all persons where “Person Type” is in (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 or 19).
SAS Name: PERNOTMVIT
Attribute Codes
2011-Later
0-98 Number of Persons Not in Motor Vehicles in Transport
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  32
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C4
The ACCIDENT Data File
Number of Vehicle Forms Submitted- ALL
Definition: This data element counts the number of contact motor vehicles that the officer
reported on the PAR as a unit involved in the crash.
Additional Information: This counts all of the vehicles in the crash. This includes the vehicles
in-transport which are in the Vehicle data file and the vehicles not in-transport which are in the
Parkwork data file (previously Vehnit). This data element only appears in the Accident data file.
Note: The Parkwork data file replaced the Vehnit data file in 2010. The Vehnit data file does not
exist prior to 2005.
SAS Name: VE_TOTAL
Attribute Codes
20052008
01-99
2009Later
001-999
Number of Vehicles in Crash
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  33
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C4A
The ACCIDENT Data File
Number of Motor Vehicles in Transport (MVIT)
Definition: This data element counts the number of vehicles in-transport involved in the crash.
Legally parked vehicles are not included.
Additional Information: This data element is the count of all vehicles in the Vehicle data file
and is the count where “Unit Type” = 1.
It is unlikely that the number of vehicles involved in the crash is greater than the Number of
Vehicle Forms plus two.
1975-1981: In the event of a hit-and-run crash, if the vehicle information was not known, then no
vehicle form was filled out. Likewise, if no information was known on the person level, usually
the driver of the unknown vehicle, then a Person Level form was not filled out. The result is that
the number of unknowns is much smaller for this time period than 1982 and later.
Example: From 1975 to 1980, there were 30 to 40 drivers coded with unknown sex,
approximately 0.05 percent of all drivers involved in fatal crashes. In 1981 the number of
drivers with unknown sex rose to over 300, approximately 0.5 percent of all drivers involved in
fatal crashes.
1982-Later: In the case of a hit-and-run crash, a Vehicle-Driver form and a Person Level form
for the driver are filled out. When the information about the vehicle-driver or person is not
known -- which is often the case with hit-and-runs -- the values are coded as unknown.
Example: Between 1982 and 1994, the number of drivers coded with unknown sex fluctuated
between 700 and 1,000, approximately 1.5 percent of all drivers involved in fatal crashes.
Reviewing the 768 persons in the 1994 Annual Report file, all were drivers and 90 percent of
them were involved in hit-and-run crashes.
This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files and in the Parkwork data
file as PVE_FORMS.
SAS Name: VE_FORMS
Attribute Codes
19761981
00-99
19822008
01-99
2009Later
001-999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Vehicle Forms
Data Element Definitions and Codes  34
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C4B
The ACCIDENT Data File
Number of Parked/Working Vehicles
Definition: This data element counts the number of parked and working vehicles involved in the
crash.
Additional Information: This data element is the count of all vehicles in the Parkwork data file
and is the count where “Unit Type” is in (2, 3 or 4).
SAS Name: PVH_INVL
Attribute Codes
2011-Later
0-999 Number of Parked/Working Vehicles in the Crash
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  35
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C5
The ACCIDENT Data File
Number of Forms Submitted for Persons in Motor Vehicles
Definition: This data element counts the number of Person Level (Motor Vehicle Occupant)
Forms that are applicable to this case (i.e., occupants).
Additional Information: This represents the number of forms created for persons in motor
vehicles. It is the count of all persons where “Person Type” is in (1, 2, 3 or 9).
Before 2003, the policy was not to submit a Person Level form for occupants of van-based
buses. Since 2003, a person level form has been submitted for all occupants of van-based
vehicles, including van-based buses.
1975-1981: In the event of a hit-and-run crash, if the vehicle information was not known, then no
vehicle form was filled out. Likewise, if no information was known on the person level, usually
the driver of the unknown vehicle, then a Person Level form was not filled out. The result is that
the number of unknowns is much smaller for this time period than 1982 and later.
Example: From 1975 to 1980, there were 30 to 40 drivers coded with unknown sex,
approximately 0.05 percent of all drivers involved in fatal crashes. In 1981 the number of
drivers with unknown sex rose to over 300, approximately 0.5 percent of all drivers involved in
fatal crashes.
1982-Later: In the case of a hit-and-run crash, a Vehicle-Driver form and a Person Level form
for the driver are filled out. When the information about the vehicle-driver or person is not
known -- which is often the case with hit-and-runs -- the values are coded as unknown.
Example: Between 1982 and 1994, the number of drivers coded with unknown sex fluctuated
between 700 and 1,000, approximately 1.5 percent of all drivers involved in fatal crashes.
Reviewing the 768 persons in the 1994 Annual Report file, all were drivers and 90 percent of
them were involved in hit-and-run crashes.
SAS Name: PERSONS
Attribute Codes
19752008
00-99
2009Later
000-999
Number of Person Forms
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  36
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C5A
The ACCIDENT Data File
Number of Persons in Motor Vehicles in Transport (MVIT)
Definition: This data element counts the number of motorists in the crash. A motorist is a
driver, passenger or unknown occupant type of a motor vehicle in-transport.
Additional Information: This data element is derived from the Person data file and is the
count of all persons where “Person Type” is in (1, 2 or 9).
Note: Persons where “Person Type” = 3 (Occupant of a Motor Vehicle Not In-Transport) are not
included in this data element but are counted in C5 above.
SAS Name: PERMVIT
Attribute Codes
2011-Later
0-999 Number of Persons in Motor Vehicles In-Transport
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  37
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C6
The ACCIDENT Data File
County
Definition: This data element records the location of the unstabilized event with regard to the
County. The codes are from the General Services Administration’s (GSA) publication of
worldwide Geographic Location Codes (GLC).
Additional Information: GSA geographical codes are somewhat stable. Occasionally one
code will be divided into two codes.
This data element also appears in the Person data file.
SAS Name: COUNTY
Attribute Codes
19752009
000
001-996
997
-999
2010Later
000
001-996
997
998
999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Not Applicable
Use GSA Geographical Codes
Other
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  38
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C7
The ACCIDENT Data File
City
Definition: This data element records the location of the unstabilized event with regard to the
City. The codes are from the General Services Administration’s (GSA) publication of worldwide
Geographic Location Codes (GLC).
Additional Information: GSA geographical codes are somewhat stable. Occasionally one
code will be divided into two codes.
SAS Name: CITY
Attribute Codes
19752009
0000
0001-9996
9997
-9999
2010Later
0000
0001-9996
9997
9898
9999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Not Applicable
GSA Geographical Codes
Other
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  39
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C8
Crash Date
C8A
Month of Crash
The ACCIDENT Data File
Definition: This data element records the month in which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files
and in the Parkwork data file as PMONTH.
SAS Name: MONTH
Attribute Codes
19752008
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
99
C8B
2009Later
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
--
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Unknown
Day of Crash
(FARS Only)
Definition: This data element records the day of the month on which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files
and in the Parkwork data file as PDAY.
SAS Name: DAY
Attribute Codes
19752009
01-31
99
2010Later
01-31
--
Day of the Month of the Crash
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  40
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C8C
The ACCIDENT Data File
Day of Week
Definition: This data element records the day of the week on which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: This data element has been calculated based on the year, month, and
day.
SAS Name: DAY_WEEK
Attribute Codes
19752009
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
C8D
2010Later
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
--
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Unknown
Year of Crash
Definition: This data element records the year in which the crash occurred.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: YEAR
Attribute Codes
19751997
xx
1998Later
xxxx
Year of the Crash
More Information on Date of Crash
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  41
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C9
Crash Time
C9A
Hour of Crash
The ACCIDENT Data File
Definition: This data element records the hour at which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: All time is 24-hour military time.
The time of the crash/arrival of the emergency medical service can occur in a different day than
the arrival of emergency medical service at the crash scene/hospital.
If you need to separate day and night, see the data element LGT_COND under the heading
Light Condition.
This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files and in the Parkwork data
file as PHOUR.
SAS Name: HOUR
19752008
00-24
-99
C9B
2009
00-23
88
99
2010Later
00-23
-99
Hour
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Unknown
Minute of Crash
Definition: This data element records the minutes after the hour at which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: All time is 24-hour military time.
The time of the crash/arrival of the emergency medical service can occur in a different day than
the arrival of emergency medical service at the crash scene/hospital.
This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files and in the Parkwork data
file as PMINUTE.
SAS Name: MINUTE
19752008
00-59
-99
2009
00-59
88
99
2010Later
00-59
-99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Minute
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  42
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C10
The ACCIDENT Data File
National Highway System
Definition: This data element identifies whether this crash occurred on a trafficway that is part
of the National Highway System.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: NHS
Attribute Codes
1994-Later
0
This Section is Not on the National Highway System
1
This Section is on the National Highway System
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  43
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C11
The ACCIDENT Data File
Roadway Function Class
Definition: This data element identifies the functional classification of the trafficway on which
the crash occurred.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file.
SAS Name: ROAD_FNC
Attribute Codes
1975-1980
This data element is included in the format, but is not initialized. Do not use it.
1981-1986
1
Principal Arterial – Interstate
2
Principal Arterial – Other Urban Freeways and Expressways
3
Principal Arterial – Other
4
Minor Arterial
5
Urban Collector
6
Major Rural Collector
7
Minor Rural Collector
8
Local Road or Street
9
Unknown
1987-Later
RURAL
01
Principal Arterial – Interstate
02
Principal Arterial – Other
03
Minor Arterial
04
Major Collector
05
Minor Collector
06
Local Road or Street
09
Unknown
URBAN
11
Principal Arterial – Interstate
12
Principal Arterial – Other Freeways or Expressways
13
Other Principal Arterial
14
Minor Arterial
15
Collector
16
Local Road or Street
19
Unknown
99
Unknown
More Information on Roadway Function Class and Land Use
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  44
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C12
The ACCIDENT Data File
Route Signing
Definition: This data element identifies the route signing of the trafficway on which the crash
occurred.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: CL_TWAY
ROUTE
1975-1986
1987-Later
Attribute Codes
19751980
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
19821986
1
-2
3
-4
5
8
9
Interstate
Other Limited Access
Other U.S. Route
Other State Route
Other Major Artery
County Road
Local Street
Other Road
Unknown
1981
Data were not available for this data element in 1981.
1987-Later
1
Interstate
2
U.S. Highway
3
State Highway
4
County Road
5
Local Street – Township
6
Local Street – Municipality
7
Local Street – Frontage Road (Since 1994)
8
Other
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  45
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C13
The ACCIDENT Data File
Trafficway Identifier
Definition: This data element records the trafficway on which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: Beginning in 2004, a second trafficway identifier was added to
accommodate intersection and intersection-related crashes where the officer provides the
identifier for the second trafficway.
SAS Name: TWAY_ID
TWAY_ID2
1982-Later
2004-Later
Attribute Codes
1982-1997
xxxxxxxxxx
999999999
1998-2011
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
9999999999999999999
2012-Later
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
999999999999999999999999999999
Actual Posted Number, Assigned Number,
or Common Name (10 characters)
Unknown
Actual Posted Number, Assigned Number,
or Common Name (20 characters)
Unknown
Actual Posted Number, Assigned Number,
or Common Name (30 characters)
Unknown
More Information on Trafficway Identifier
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  46
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C14
The ACCIDENT Data File
Milepoint
Definition: This data element records the milepoint nearest to the location where the crash
occurred.
Additional Information: Five digits are always coded.
EXAMPLES:
Milepoint
10
39.89
404
73.1
Code
00100
00399
04040
00731
In 2011, this data element changed from alphanumeric (character) to numeric.
SAS Name: MILEPT
Attribute Codes
19822009
00000
xxxxx
2010Later
00000
xxxxx
-99999
99998
99999
None
Actual to Nearest Tenth Mile
(Assume decimal, e.g., 12345 = 1234.5)
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  47
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C15
Global Position
C15A
Latitude
The ACCIDENT Data File
(FARS Only)
Definition: This element identifies the location of the crash using Global Position coordinates.
This is the position of latitude.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: LATITUDE
Attribute Codes
1999-2009
DDMMSSSS (DD MM SS.SS – Degrees/Minutes/Seconds)
17-71
88
99
DD- Actual Degrees
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
00-59
88
99
MM- Actual Minutes
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
00.00-59.99
88.88
99.99
SS.SS- Actual Seconds
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
2010-Later
DDDDDD (DD.DDDD – Decimal Degrees)
DD.DDDD
77.7777
88.8888
99.9999
Actual Degrees
Not Reported
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  48
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C15B
The ACCIDENT Data File
Longitude
Definition: This element identifies the location of the crash using Global Position coordinates.
This is the position of longitude.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: LONGITUD
Attribute Codes
DDDMMSSSS (DDD MM SS.SS – Degrees/Minutes/Seconds)
1999-2009
DDDMMSSSS (DDD MM SS.SS – Degrees/Minutes/Seconds)
065-178
-888
999
DDD- Actual Degrees
Not Reported
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
00-59
-88
99
MM- Actual Minutes
Not Reported
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
00.00-59.99
-88.88
99.99
SS.SS- Actual Seconds
Not Reported
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
2010-Later
DDDDDDD (DDD.DDDD – Decimal Degrees)
DDD.DDDD
777.7777
888.8888
999.9999
Actual Degrees
Not Reported
Not Available (If State Exempt)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  49
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C16
The ACCIDENT Data File
Special Jurisdiction
Definition: This data element identifies if the location on the trafficway where the crash
occurred qualifies as a Special Jurisdiction even though it may be patrolled by state, county or
local police (e.g., all State highways running through Indian reservations are under the
jurisdiction of the Indian reservation).
Additional Information:
SAS Name: SP_JUR
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
0
No Special Jurisdiction (Includes National Forests Since 2008)
1
National Park Service
2
Military
3
Indian Reservation
4
College/University Campus
5
Other Federal Properties (Since 1977)
8
Other (Since 1976)
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  50
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C18
The ACCIDENT Data File
First Harmful Event
Definition: This data element describes the first injury or damage producing event of the crash.
Additional Information: “First Harmful Event” applies to the crash. “Most Harmful Event”
(M_HARM) applies to the vehicle. Harmful events are judgment calls of the FARS analysts
based on the data within the PAR.
From 2004 to 2009, the data elements “First Harmful Event,” “Most Harmful Event,” and the
“Sequence of Events” have the same attributes. The harmful event attributes were modified to
be consistent with the sequence of events data elements. Starting in 2009, these data elements
still have the same attributes except non-harmful event attributes were added to the Sequence
of Events data element.
Starting in 2010, this data element is derived from “Sequence of Events” in the Cevent data file. It is
the first event attribute that is not between codes 60 and 71 (non-harmful events).
This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files and in the Parkwork data
file as PHARM_EV.
SAS Name: HARM_EV
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
01
Overturn
02
Fire/Explosion
03
Immersion
04
Gas Inhalation
05
Fell from Vehicle
06
Injured in Vehicle
07
Other Non-Collision
08
Pedestrian
09
Pedalcycle
10
Railway Train
11
Animal
12
Motor Vehicle in Transport
13
Motor Vehicle in Transport in Other Roadway
14
Parked Motor Vehicle
15
Other Type Non-Motorist
16
Other Object
17
Bridge or Overpass (1975-1978)
18
Building
19
Culvert
20
Curb or Wall
21
Divider
22
Embankment
23
Fence
24
Guard Rail
25
Light Support
26
Sign Post
27
Tree/Shrubbery
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  51
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C18
First Harmful Event
The ACCIDENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
28
Utility Pole
29
Other Pole/Support
30
Impact Attenuator
31
Other Fixed Object
32
Bridge or Overpass [Passing Under] (1979-1981)
33
Bridge or Overpass [Passing Over] (1979-1981)
99
Unknown
19822003
01
02
03
04
05
06
-07
08
09
-10
-11
-12
-13
14
15
-16
17
18
19
20
21
-22
23
-24
25
20042009
01
02
03
04
05
06
-07
08
09
-10
-11
-12
-13
14
-15
16
17
18
19
20
21
-22
23
-24
25
2010Later
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
08
-09
-10
-11
-12
-14
-15
16
17
18
19
20
-21
--23
24
25
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion (or Partial Immersion, Since 2012)
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcycle
Pedalcyclist
Railway Train
Railway Vehicle
Animal
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Same Roadway
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Other Roadway
Parked Motor Vehicle (Not In Transport)
Other Type Non-Motorist
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Abutment
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Parapet End
Bridge Rail
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  52
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C18
First Harmful Event
The ACCIDENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822003
26
27
28
29
30
-31
32
33
34
35
-36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
--45
45
-46
47
48
-49
50
------
20042009
26
27
28
29
30
-31
32
33
34
35
-36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
-44
--45
-46
47
48
-49
50
51
-52
53
54
2010Later
26
----30
31
32
33
34
-35
--38
39
40
41
42
43
--44
--45
46
--48
49
50
-51
52
53
--
--
--
54
--
55
--
Other Traffic Barrier
Highway/Traffic Sign Post
Overhead Sign Support/Sign
Luminary/Light Support
Utility Pole
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
Embankment – Earth
Embankment
Embankment – Rock, Stone, or Concrete
Embankment – Material Type Unknown
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity (1993 Only)
Pavement Surface Irregularity
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Transport Device Used as Equipment (1993-2003)
Working Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicles
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Vehicle Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own Vehicle (1997-2009)
Collision With Snow Bank (1997-2009)
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance (Since 1998)
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle Struck by Falling/Shifting Cargo or Anything Set in
Motion by Another Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo, Persons or
Objects Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Other Not in-Transport Motor Vehicle (2005-2007)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  53
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C18
First Harmful Event
The ACCIDENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822003
-------99
20042009
55
57
-----99
2010Later
55
57
58
59
72
73
98
99
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway (Since 2008)
Cable Barrier (Since 2008)
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport (Since 2013)
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  54
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C19
The ACCIDENT Data File
Manner of Collision
Definition: This data element describes the orientation of two motor vehicles in-transport when
they are involved in the “First Harmful Event” of a collision crash. If the “First Harmful Event” is
not a collision between two motor vehicles in-transport it is classified as such.
Additional Information: In the original data files, from 1975 to 1977 sideswipe was coded as 5
but has since been changed to 7. These years are not consistent with the documentation of the
time.
This data element also appears in the Vehicle and Person data files and in the Parkwork data
file as PMAN_COLL.
SAS Name: MAN_COLL
Attribute Codes
19751977
0
1
2
3
4
--7
9
19782001
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
-9
Not Collision With Motor Vehicle in Transport
Rear-End
Head-On
Rear-to-Rear
Angle
Sideswipe, Same Direction
Sideswipe, Opposite Direction
Sideswipe (May Either Be Same or Opposite Direction)
Unknown
Attribute Codes
20022009
0
2010Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
-7
8
9
10
11
-99
1
2
----6
7
8
9
10
11
98
99
Not Collision with Motor Vehicle in Transport (Not Necessarily in Transport for
2005-2009)
Front-to-Rear
Front-to-Front
Angle – Front-to-Side, Same Direction
Angle – Front-to-Side, Opposite Direction
Angle – Front-to-Side, Right Angle (Includes Broadside)
Angle – Front-to-Side/Angle-Direction Not Specified
Angle
Sideswipe – Same Direction
Sideswipe – Opposite Direction
Rear-to-Side
Rear-to-Rear
Other (End-Swipes and Others)
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Manner of Collision
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  55
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The ACCIDENT Data File
C20
Relation to Junction
C20A
Relation to Junction- Within Interchange Area
Definition: This data element identifies the crash's location with respect to presence in an
interchange area. The coding of this data element is done in two sub-fields (see also C20B) and
is based on the location of the “First Harmful Event” of the crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: RELJCT1
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
0
No
1
Yes
8
Not Reported
9
Unknown
C20B
Relation to Junction- Specific Location
Definition: This data element identifies the crash's location with respect to presence in or
proximity to components typically in junction or interchange areas. The coding of this data
element is done in two sub-fields (see also C20A) and is based on the location of the “First
Harmful Event” of the crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: REL_JUNC
RELJCT2
1975-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
1975-1990
1
Non-Junction
2
Intersection
3
Intersection-Related
4
Intersection Area
5
Driveway, Alley, Access, etc.
6
Entrance/Exit Ramp (Since 1978)
7
Rail Grade Crossing (Since 1979)
8
In Crossover (Since 1980)
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  56
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C20B
Relation to Junction- Specific Location
The ACCIDENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1991-2009
00 None
NON-INTERCHANGE AREA
01
Non-Junction
02
Intersection
03
Intersection-Related
04
Driveway, Alley Access, etc.
05
Entrance/Exit Ramp-Related
06
Railway Grade Crossing
07
In Crossover
08
Driveway Access Related (Since 2003)
09
Unknown, Non-Interchange
INTERCHANGE AREA
10
Intersection
11
Intersection-Related
12
Driveway Access
13
Entrance/Exit Ramp-Related
14
In Crossover
15
Other Location in Interchange
19
Unknown, Interchange Area
99
Unknown
2010
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
16
17
18
19
-98
99
2013Later
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
16
17
18
19
20
98
99
Non-Junction
Intersection
Intersection Related
Driveway Access
Entrance/Exit Ramp Related
Railway Grade Crossing
Crossover Related
Driveway Access Related
Shared-Use Path or Trail
Acceleration/Deceleration Lane
Through Roadway
Other Location Within Interchange Area
Entrance/Exit Ramp
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  57
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C21
The ACCIDENT Data File
Type of Intersection
Definition: This data element identifies and allows separation of various intersection types.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: TYP_INT
Attribute Codes
2010
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-8
9
2013Later
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
98
99
Not an Intersection
Four-Way Intersection
T-Intersection
Y-Intersection
Traffic Circle
Roundabout
Five-Point, or More
L-Intersection
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  58
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C22
The ACCIDENT Data File
Relation to Trafficway
Definition: This data element identifies the location of the crash as it relates to its position
within or outside the trafficway based on the “First Harmful Event.”
Additional Information:
SAS Name: REL_ROAD
Attribute Codes
1975-1997
1
On Roadway
2
Shoulder
3
Median
4
Roadside
5
Outside Right-of-way
6
Off Roadway – Location Unknown
7
In Parking Lane (Since 1980)
8
Gore (Since 1982)
9
Unknown
19982009
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
07
08
10
11
--99
2010Later
01
02
03
04
-05
06
-07
08
10
-11
98
99
On Roadway
On Shoulder
On Median
On Roadside
Outside Trafficway/Outside Right-Of-Way
Outside Trafficway
Off Roadway – Location Unknown
In Parking Lane (1998-2006)
In Parking Lane/Zone (Since 2007)
Gore
Separator
Two-way Continuous Left-Turn Lane (Since 2001)
Continuous Left-Turn Lane
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Relation to Trafficway
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  59
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C23
The ACCIDENT Data File
Work Zone
Definition: This data element identifies a motor vehicle traffic crash in which the first harmful
event occurs within the boundaries of a work zone or on an approach to or exit from a work
zone, resulting from an activity, behavior, or control related to the movement of the traffic units
through the work zone.
Additional Information: This data element identifies a “Work Zone Accident” as defined in
ANSI D16.1, 7th Edition. If the crash qualifies as a "Work Zone Accident" then the type of work
activity is identified. Use of the codes does not imply that the crash was caused by the
construction, maintenance, or work activity.
The data element name was “Construction/Maintenance Zone” from 1975 to 2008. The data
element name has been changed to “Work Zone” since 2009.
SAS Name: C_M_ZONE 1975-2008
WRK_ZONE 2009-Later
Attribute Codes
1975-1979
The data element exists in the data files but has not been initialized. The data was not
collected.
19801981
0
1
2
3
----
19822009
0
1
2
-3
4
--
20102011
0
1
2
-3
4
8
2012Later
0
1
2
-3
4
--
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
None
Construction
Maintenance
Construction or Maintenance
Utility
Work Zone, Type Unknown
Not Reported
Data Element Definitions and Codes  60
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C24
The ACCIDENT Data File
Light Condition
Definition: This data element records the type/level of light that existed at the time of the crash
as indicated in the case material.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: LGT_COND
Attribute Codes
19751979
1
2
-3
---6
---9
19802008
1
2
-3
-4
5
----9
2009
1
-2
3
-4
5
-6
7
-9
2010Later
1
-2
-3
4
5
-6
7
8
9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Daylight
Dark
Dark – Not Lighted
Dark but Lighted
Dark – Lighted
Dawn
Dusk
Dawn or Dusk
Dark – Unknown Lighting
Other
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  61
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C25
The ACCIDENT Data File
Atmospheric Conditions
Definition: This data element records the prevailing atmospheric conditions that existed at the
time of the crash as indicated in the case material.
Additional Information: This data element identifies up to two values. If more than two
atmospheric conditions were reported, the two conditions that most affect visibility were
selected. Accident.WEATHER1 and Accident.WEATHER2 are coded data elements, and
Accident.WEATHER is derived from these two.
SAS Name: WEATHER
WEATHER, WEATHER1, WEATHER2
1975-2006
2007-Later
Attribute Codes
19751979
1
----2
-3
---4
---------
19801981
-1
---2
-3
---4
-5
-----8
19822006
--1
---2
-3
--4
-5
-6
-7
-8
20072009
--0
-1
-2
-3
---4
-5
-6
-7
--
20102012
1
--0
-2
---3
-4
--5
-6
-7
--
2013Later
1
--0
-2
----3
4
--5
-6
-7
--
-7
---9
-----9
-----9
8
----9
8
10
11
-98
99
8
10
11
12
98
99
Clear
Normal
No Adverse Atmospheric Conditions
No Additional Atmospheric Conditions
Clear/Cloud (No Adverse Conditions)
Rain
Rain (Mist)
Sleet
Sleet (Hail)
Sleet, Hail (Freezing Rain or Drizzle)
Sleet, Hail
Snow
Snow or Blowing Snow
Fog
Fog, Smog, Smoke
Rain and Fog
Severe Crosswinds
Sleet and Fog
Blowing Sand, Soil, Dirt
Other: Smog, Smoke, Blowing Sand or
Dust
Other
Cloudy
Blowing Snow
Freezing Rain or Drizzle
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Atmospheric Conditions
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  62
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C26
The ACCIDENT Data File
School Bus Related
Definition: This data element identifies if a school bus, or motor vehicle functioning as a school
bus, is related to the crash.
Additional Information: A school bus crash is (1) a motor vehicle crash in which a school bus,
with or without a pupil on board, is involved directly as a contact vehicle, or (2) a motor vehicle
crash or an other-road-vehicle crash in which a school bus, with or without a pupil or board, is
involved indirectly as a non-contact vehicle.
SAS Name: SCH_BUS
Attribute Codes
19772009
0
1
--
20102012
0
1
8
2013Later
0
1
--
No
Yes
Not Reported
More Information on School Bus Related
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  63
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C27
The ACCIDENT Data File
Rail Grade Crossing Identifier
Definition: This data element identifies if the crash occurred in or near a rail grade crossing.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: RAIL
Attribute Codes
1979-Later
0000000
xxxxxxA
9999999
Not Applicable
Six Digits Followed by One Alphabetic Valid F.R.A. Code
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  64
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C28
Notification Time EMS
C28A
Hour of Notification
The ACCIDENT Data File
Definition: This data element records the hour that emergency medical service was notified.
Additional Information: All time is 24-hour military time.
SAS Name: NOT_HOUR
19751998
00-24
00
-99
--
C28B
19992008
00-24
00
-99
99
2009Later
00-23
-88
99
99
Hour
Not Applicable or Not Notified (when NOT_MIN = 00)
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Unknown Hour
Unknown if Notified (when NOT_MIN = 98)
Minute of Notification
Definition: This data element records the minutes after the hour that emergency medical
service was notified.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: NOT_MIN
19751998
00-59
00
--99
19992008
00-59
00
-98
99
2009Later
00-59
-88
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Minute
Not Applicable or Not Notified (when NOT_HOUR = 00)
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Unknown if Notified
Unknown Minutes
Data Element Definitions and Codes  65
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C29
Arrival Time EMS
C29A
Hour of Arrival at Scene
The ACCIDENT Data File
Definition: This data element records the hour that emergency medical service arrived on the
crash scene.
Additional Information: All time is 24-hour military time.
The time of the crash/arrival of the emergency medical service can occur in a different day than
the arrival of emergency medical service at the crash scene/hospital.
SAS Name: ARR_HOUR
19751998
00-24
00
--99
---
C29B
19992008
00-24
-00
-99
99
99
2009Later
00-23
--88
99
99
99
Hour
Not Notified or Officially Cancelled (when ARR_MIN = 00)
Not Notified (when ARR_MIN = 00)
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Unknown Hour
Officially Cancelled (when ARR_MIN = 97)
Unknown if Arrived (when ARR_MIN = 98)
Minute of Arrival at Scene
Definition: This data element records the minutes after the hour that emergency medical
service arrived on the crash scene.
Additional Information: The time of the crash/arrival of the emergency medical service can
occur in a different day than the arrival of emergency medical service at the crash
scene/hospital.
SAS Name: ARR_MIN
19751998
00-59
00
----99
19992008
00-59
-00
-97
98
99
2009Later
00-59
-88
97
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Minute
Not Notified or Officially Cancelled
(when ARR_HOUR = 00)
Not Notified (when ARR_HOUR = 00)
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Officially Cancelled
Unknown if Arrived
Unknown Minutes
Data Element Definitions and Codes  66
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The ACCIDENT Data File
C30
EMS Time at Hospital
C30A
Hour of EMS Arrival at Hospital
Definition: This data element records the hour that emergency medical service arrived at the
treatment facility to which it was transporting victims of the crash.
Additional Information: All time is 24-hour military time.
The time of the crash/arrival of the emergency medical service can occur in a different day than
the arrival of emergency medical service at the crash scene/hospital.
SAS Name: HOSP_HR
19871998
00-24
00
--99
---
C30B
19992008
00-24
--
2009Later
00-23
--
00
-99
99
99
-88
99
99
99
Hour
Not Notified, Officially Cancelled or Not Transported
(when HOSP_MIN = 00)
Not Notified or Not Transported (when HOSP_MIN = 00)
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Unknown Hour
Officially Cancelled (when HOSP_MIN = 97)
Unknown if Transported (when HOSP_MIN = 98)
Minute of EMS Arrival at Hospital
Definition: This data element records the minutes after the hour that emergency medical
service arrived at the treatment facility to which it was transporting victims of the crash.
Additional Information: The time of the crash/arrival of the emergency medical service can
occur in a different day than the arrival of emergency medical service at the crash
scene/hospital.
SAS Name: HOSP_MIN
19871998
00-59
00
-----99
19992008
00-59
-00
-96
97
98
99
2009Later
00-59
--88
96
97
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Minute
Not Notified, Officially Cancelled or Not Transported
(when HOSP_HR = 00)
Not Notified or Not Transported (when HOSP_HR = 00)
Not Applicable or Not Notified
Terminated Transport
Officially Cancelled
Unknown if Transported
Unknown Minutes
Data Element Definitions and Codes  67
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C31
The ACCIDENT Data File
Related Factors- Crash Level
Definition: This data element records factors related to the crash expressed by the
investigating officer.
Additional Information: There are also vehicle-level related factors in the Vehicle data file
(VEH_SC1 and VEH_SC2), driver-level related factors, also in the Vehicle data file (DR_SF1,
DR_SF2, DR_SF3 and DR_SF4), and person-level related factors in the Person data file
(P_SF1, P_SF2, and P_SF3).
The FARS analyst may have used any of the three data elements to code a related factor. One
must test all three data elements to ensure that the selected related factor is included.
Note: Starting in 1982, many of the “Related Factors-Crash Level” attributes, values 01-29, are
coded as “Related Factors-Driver Level” attributes, values 61-87, in the Vehicle data file.
SAS Name: CF1, CF2, CF3
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
00
None
VISION OBSCURED BY:
01
Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust (i.e., Weather Conditions)
02
Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights
03
Curve, Hill or Other Design Features (Including Traffic Signs, Embankments)
04
Building, Billboard, etc.
05
Trees, Crops, Vegetation
06
Moving Vehicle (Including Load)
07
Parked Vehicle
08
Other Object Not Classified Above
SWERVING DUE TO:
20
Severe Crosswind
21
Wind From Passing Truck
22
Slippery Surface
23
Avoiding Debris or Objects in Road
24
Ruts, Holes, Bumps, in Road
25
Avoiding Animals in Road
26
Avoiding Vehicle in Road
27
Avoiding Phantom Vehicle
28
Avoiding Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist, Other Non-Motorist in Road
29
Avoiding Water, Snow, Oil Slick on Road
ROADWAY FEATURES:
40
Traffic Controls Not Functioning Properly
41
Inadequate Warning of Exits, Lanes Narrowing, Traffic Controls, etc.
42
Uncontrolled Intersection or Railroad Crossing
43
Shoulder Too Low or High
44
Shoulders Too Narrow or No Shoulders for Emergency Use
47
Other Construction
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  68
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C31
Related Factors- Crash Level
The ACCIDENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
48
No or Obscured Pavement Markings
49
Surface Underwater (Since 1979)
50
Inadequate Construction or Poor Design of Roadway, Bridge, etc. (Since 1979)
51
Surface Washed Out (Caved in, Road Slippage, Since 1979)
99
Unknown
19822012
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
13
14
2013Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
13
14
15
15
16
17
18
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
19
20
21
22
23
24
23
24
25
----99
-25
26
27
28
99
None
Inadequate Warning of Exits, Lanes Narrowing, Traffic Controls etc.
Shoulder Related (Design or Condition, Since 2002)
Other Maintenance or Construction-Created Condition
No or Obscured Pavement Marking
Surface Under Water
Inadequate Construction or Poor Design of Roadway, Bridge, etc.
Surface Washed Out (Caved in, Road Slippage)
Aggressive Driving/Road Rage by Non-Contact Vehicle Driver (Since 2006)
Motor Vehicle (In Transport 1983-2004) Struck By Falling Cargo or
Something That Came Loose From or Something That Was Set in Motion By
a Vehicle
(Since 1983)
Non-Occupant Struck By Falling Cargo, or Something Came Loose From or
Something That Was Set In Motion By A Vehicle (Since 1983)
Non-Occupant Struck Vehicle (Since 1983)
Vehicle Set In Motion By Non-Driver (Since 1983)
Date of Crash and Date of EMS Notification Were Not Same Day (Since
1988)
Recent Previous Crash Scene Nearby (Since 1989)
Police-Pursuit-Involved (Since 1994)
Within Designated School Zone (Since 1995)
Speed Limit Is a Statutory Limit as Recorded or Was Determined as This
State’s “Basic Rule” (Since 1999)
Indication of a Stalled/Disabled Vehicle (Since 2008)
Unstabilized Situation Began and All Harmful Events Occurred Off of the
Roadway (Since 2012)
Toll Plaza Related (2012 Only)
Toll Booth/Plaza Related
Backup Due to Prior Non-Recurring Incident
Backup Due to Prior Crash
Backup Due to Regular Congestion
Unknown
More Information on Related Factors- Crash Level
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  69
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C100
The ACCIDENT Data File
Drunk Driver
Definition: This data element records the number of drunk drivers involved in the fatal crash
and is derived from data elements in the Vehicle and Person data files.
Additional Information: Data from the Vehicle and Person data files are analyzed and if there
is sufficient information to conclude that a driver was drunk, i.e., if the blood alcohol
concentration (BAC) is positive, or if the police reported alcohol involvement, then the driver is
counted as a drunk driver. A driver being charged with an alcohol violation by itself does not
have the driver counted as a drunk driver. Note that alcohol data is often missing. For that
reason this data element may undercount the actual number of drunk drivers. For detailed
analysis of alcohol involvement, the alcohol data files should be used.
A crash is alcohol-involved if a driver, pedestrian, or pedal cyclist involved in the crash has
(1) police-reported alcohol involvement, or (2) a positive alcohol test result.
From 1975 to 1993 the maximum number of drunk drivers was 6. Virtually all crashes have no
more than two drunk drivers.
Two useful partitions of this data element are:
(1) no drunk drivers, one or more drunk drivers involved, and
(2) no drunk drivers, one drunk driver, multiple drunk drivers
In the early years of FARS, especially 1975 and 1976, the alcohol data must be used with care.
In these two years no drunk drivers were identified for North Dakota. In 1975/76 Alabama,
Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Texas, and West Virginia have a reported drunk driver
rate for fatal crashes of less than 5 percent. In 1979 the data from these States reports a drunkdriver rate for fatal crashes between 18.5 percent and 43 percent.
Note: The DRUNK_DR data element on the Crash level was incorrectly derived on all person
types from 1999 through 2007. Since then, it was derived based on all person types rather than
based on Drivers only. Furthermore, the data element name (DRUNK_DR) implies that the
individual was drunk, however, it actually captures those individuals whom the police reported
alcohol involvement OR who tested positive for alcohol (i.e. their blood alcohol concentration
was .01 g/dL or greater). Beginning with the 2008 Final FARS data file, DRUNK_DR has been
derived for Drivers only.
SAS Name: DRUNK_DR
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
00-99
Number of Drunk Drivers Involved in the Fatal Crash.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  70
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C101
The ACCIDENT Data File
Fatalities
Definition: This data element records the number of fatally injured persons in the crash and is
derived by counting all persons with “Injury Severity” of 4 in the crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: FATALS
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
01-99
Number of Fatalities that Occurred in the Crash.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  71
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The ACCIDENT Data File
Discontinued ACCIDENT Data Elements
Federal Highway
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element was discontinued after 1993.
Additional Information: The data element is in the data file, but was not initialized prior to
1978, i.e., no data exists for this data element. This may be due to the extensive revisions by
the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in 1977, which caused extensive modifications to
this field for all data before 1978.
SAS Name:
TA_1_CL
FED_AID
1975-1981
1982-1993
Attribute Codes
19751977
--------------
19781981
1
2
-3
-4
-5
-6
7
8
9
19821986
1
2
-3
-4
-5
-6
7
8
9
1987
1993
1
-2
-3
-4
-5
---9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Interstate
Other Federal Aid Primary
Federal Aid Primary (Other Than Interstate)
Federal Aid Secondary
Federal Aid Urban
Federal Aid Urban Arterials
Federal Aid Secondary (Rural Only)
Federal Aid Urban Collectors
Non-Federal Aid
Non-Federal Aid Arterials
Non-Federal Aid Collectors
Non-Federal Aid Local
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  72
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Hit and Run
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was a contact vehicle in the crash
that did not stop to render aid (this can include drivers who flee the scene on foot). Hit and run
is coded when a motor vehicle in-transport, or its driver, departs from the scene; vehicles not intransport are excluded. It does not matter whether the hit-and-run vehicle was striking or struck.
Additional Information: From 1975 to 1981 if no information was known about the Hit-andRun vehicle and/or driver, the vehicle form and/or driver form were not filled out and were not
counted as unknown. Starting in 1982 both a vehicle and a driver form were filled out and the
data were identified as unknown. This is why, for example, there were approximately only 20 to
40 drivers with unknown sex listed in the FARS data file from 1975 to 1981 and 700 to 1,000
drivers with unknown sex from 1982 on.
In 2009, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident level and is now collected at
the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: HIT_RUN
Attribute Codes
19751976
0
-1
-2
------
19771981
-0
1
--2
-3
---
19822008
-0
-1
--2
-3
4
---
---
4
5
---
---
5
5
Not Applicable
No Hit-and-Run
With Motor Vehicle
Hit Motor Vehicle in Transport
With Non-Occupant
Hit Non-Motorist
Hit Pedestrian or Non-Motorist
Left Scene
Hit Parked Vehicle (Working Vehicle, Since 2004) or Object
Occupant Is Struck by or Fell From Own Hit-and-Run Vehicle
(2002 Only)
Driver Leaves Scene after Non-Collision Event (Since 2004)
Driver/Occupant Leaves Scene after a Non-Collision Event
(2003 Only)
Other Involved Person, not a driver, left Scene (2005-2006)
Hit-and-Run, Other Involved Person Left Scene (Since 2007)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  73
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Land Use
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element was discontinued after 1986.
Additional Information: The data element LAND_USE is defined by the Federal Highway
Administration and does not necessarily coincide with the U.S. Census Bureau's definition or
any other definition of urban or rural. It has been determined there are errors in the 1975 and
1976 data for this data element; consequently, care should be taken when comparing data over
several years.
SAS Name: LAND_USE
Attribute Codes
1975-1986
1
Urban
2
Rural
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  74
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Roadway Alignment
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway
alignment prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as VALIGN.
SAS Name: ALIGNMNT
Attribute Codes
1975-2009
1
Straight
2
Curved
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  75
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Roadway Profile
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway grade
prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as VPROFILE.
SAS Name: PROFILE
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
1
Level
2
Grade
9
Unknown
1982-2009
1
Level
2
Grade
3
Hillcrest
4
Sag
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  76
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Roadway Surface Condition
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway surface
condition prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as
VSURCOND.
SAS Name: SUR_COND
Attribute Codes
19752006
1
2
3
4
-5
---8
9
20072009
1
2
3
-4
-5
6
7
8
9
Dry
Wet
Snow or Slush
Ice
Ice/Frost
Sand, Dirt, Oil
Sand, Dirt, Mud, Gravel
Water (Standing or Moving)
Oil
Other
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  77
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Roadway Surface Type
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway surface
type prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as
VPAVETYP.
SAS Name: PAVE_TYP
Attribute Codes
1975-2009
1
Concrete
2
Blacktop, Bituminous, or Asphalt
3
Brick or Block
4
Slag, Gravel or Stone
5
Dirt
8
Other
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  78
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Speed Limit
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the posted speed limit
just prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as VSPD_LIM.
SAS Name: SP_LIMIT
Attribute Codes
19751976
-01-94
95
96
98
99
19771978
-01-94
95
96
-99
1979
-01-98
---99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
19802009
00
01-98
-00
-99
No Statutory Limit
Speed Limit (mph)
Speed Limit Is 95 mph or Greater
No Statutory Limit
Not Reportable
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  79
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Total Lanes in Roadway
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the number of travel
lanes just prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: The number of lanes refers to the number of lanes of a continuous
cross-section of roadway. For example, a local roadway with one lane going north and one lane
going south would be coded as two lanes. However, if a trafficway is a divided highway, with
two lanes going north, a median, and two lanes going south, then the number of lanes is coded
as two. If a trafficway has two lanes going north immediately adjacent to two lanes going south,
one continuous cross-section of roadway, then the number of lanes is coded as four. This data
element can be used with the trafficway flow data element TRAF_FLO to determine the
trafficway geometry. For example: If (NO_LANES EQ 2) AND (TRAF_FLO EQ 1), then one
has a two-lane roadway that is not physically divided, that is what most people think of as a twolane road, one lane going in each direction.
In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident level. It is now collected at
the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as VNUM_LAN.
SAS Name: NO_LANES
Attribute Codes
19751979
1
2
3
4
5
6
-9
19802009
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
One Lane
Two Lanes
Three Lanes
Four Lanes
Five Lanes
Six or More Lanes
Seven or More Lanes
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  80
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Traffic Control Device
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the traffic controls in
the vehicle's environment just prior to this vehicle's critical precrash event, based on the case
materials.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as
VTRAFCON.
SAS Name: TRA_CONT
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
00
No Controls
01
Flashing Traffic Signals
02
On Colors Traffic Signal
03
Stop Sign
04
Yield Sign
05
Physically Controlled Railroad Crossing
06
Stop Sign for Railroad Crossing
07
Other Railroad Crossing
08
School Zone Sign
09
Traffic Controls Not Functioning
10
Pedestrian Signal (Since 1978)
98
Other
99
Unknown
1982-2009
00
No Controls
NOT AT RAILROAD GRADE CROSSINGS
HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SIGNALS
01
Traffic Control Signal (On Colors) Without Pedestrian Signal
02
Traffic Control (On Colors) With Pedestrian Signal
03
Traffic Control Signal (On Colors) Not Known if Pedestrian Signal
04
Flashing Traffic Control Signal
05
Flashing Beacon
06
Flashing Highway Traffic Signal, Type Unknown, or Other
07
Lane Use Control Signal
08
Other Highway Traffic Signal
09
Unknown Highway Traffic Signal
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  81
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Traffic Control Device
The ACCIDENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1982-2009
REGULATORY SIGNS
20
Stop Sign
21
Yield Sign
28
Other Regulatory Sign
29
Unknown Type Regulatory Sign
SCHOOL ZONE SIGNS
30
School Speed Limit Sign
31
School Advance or Crossing Sign
38
Other School-Related Sign
39
Unknown Type School Zone Sign
WARNING SIGN
40
Warning Sign
41
Electronic Warning Sign (Since 2002)
MISCELLANEOUS NOT AT RAILROAD CROSSING
50
Officer, Crossing Guard, Flagman, etc.
AT RAILROAD GRADE CROSSINGS
ACTIVE DEVICES
60
Gates
61
Flashing Lights
62
Traffic Control Signal
63
Wigwags
64
Bells
68
Other Train-Activated Device
69
Active Device, Type Unknown
PASSIVE DEVICES
70
Cross Bucks
71
Stop Sign
72
Other Railroad Crossing Sign
73
Special Warning Device Watchman, Flagged By Crew
78
Other Passive Device
79
Passive Device, Type Unknown
MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES AT RAILROAD CROSSING
80
Grade Crossing Controlled, Type Unknown
WHETHER OR NOT AT RAILROAD GRADE CROSSING
98
Other
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  82
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Traffic Control Device Functioning
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the functionality of the traffic control device recorded for
this vehicle in the data element Traffic Control Device.
Additional Information: Data not collected prior to 1982.
In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident level. It is now collected at
the Vehicle level and appears on the Vehicle data file as VTCONT_F.
SAS Name: T_CONT_F
Attribute Codes
1982-2009
0
No Controls
1
Device Not Functioning
2
Device Functioning – Functioning Improperly
3
Device Functioning Properly
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  83
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Trafficway Description
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the trafficway flow just
prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event, based on the case materials.
Additional Information: In 1975 and 1976 all divided highway traffic is coded as Level Data
element 3, i.e., divided highway, other barrier or barrier type unknown. There is no distinction
made among median strips, guardrails and other barriers for these two years.
Prior to 2010, this data element was called Trafficway Flow. In 2010, this data element was no
longer collected at the Accident level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level and appears on the
Vehicle data file as VTRAFWAY.
SAS Name: ROAD_FLO
TWAY_FLO
TRAF_FLO
1975-1981
1982-1986
1987-2009
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
1
Divided Highway, Median Strip (Since 1977)
2
Divided Highway, Guardrail (Since 1977)
3
Divided Highway, Other Barrier or Barrier Type Unknown
4
Not Physically Divided
5
One Way Traffic
9
Unknown
19821986
1
2
3
4
--
19872002
1
2
3
4
5
20032009
1
2
3
4
--
--9
--9
5
6
9
Not Physically Divided (Two-Way Trafficway)
Divided Highway, Median Strip (Without Traffic Barrier)
Divided Highway, Median Strip (With Traffic Barrier)
One-Way Trafficway
Divided Highway, Median Strip (With Two-Way Continuous LeftTurn Lane, Since 2001)
Not Physically Divided (With Two-Way Continuous Left-Turn Lane)
Entrance/Exit Ramp
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  84
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicles in Transport
The ACCIDENT Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element counts the number of vehicles in-transport involved in the crash.
Legally parked vehicles are not included.
Additional Information: This data element was discontinued after 1981.
SAS Name: VEHICLES
Attribute Codes
1976-1981
01-99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  85
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VEHICLE Data File
The VEHICLE Data File
The Vehicle data file includes in-transport motor vehicle data as well as driver and precrash
data. It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in
the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section. ST_CASE and VEH_NO are
the unique identifiers for each record. ST_CASE should be used to merge the Vehicle data file
with the Accident data file. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Vehicle data
file with other vehicle-level data files and the Person data file. The Vehicle data file also
contains the data elements on the following pages.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  86
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V4
The VEHICLE Data File
Number of Occupants
Definition: This data element counts the number of occupants in this vehicle.
Additional Information: All, some, or none of the individuals may have died in the crash.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PNUMOCCS.
SAS Name: OCUPANTS
NUMOCCS
1975-2008
2009-Later
Attribute Codes
19752008
00
01-95
96
97
-99
2009Later
00
01-95
96
-98
99
None
Actual Number of Occupants in The Vehicle
96 or More Occupants in The Vehicle
Unknown – Only Injured Reported
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  87
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V5
The VEHICLE Data File
Unit Type
Definition: This data element identifies the type of unit that applies to this motor vehicle at the
time it became an involved vehicle in the crash and was reported as a unit on the PAR.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PTYPE.
The valid attributes for PTYPE are:
2
Motor Vehicle Not in Transport Within the Trafficway
3
Motor Vehicle Not in Transport Outside the Trafficway
4
Working Motor Vehicle (Highway Construction, Maintenance, Utility Only)
SAS Name: UNITTYPE
Attribute Codes
20052007
1
--
2008Later
-1
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle in Transport (Inside or Outside the Trafficway)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  88
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V6
The VEHICLE Data File
Hit and Run
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was a contact vehicle in the crash
that did not stop to render aid (this can include drivers who flee the scene on foot). Hit and run
is coded when a motor vehicle in-transport, or its driver, departs from the scene; vehicles not intransport are excluded. It does not matter whether the hit-and-run vehicle was striking or struck.
Additional Information: From 1975 to 1981 if no information was known about the Hit-andRun vehicle and/or driver, the vehicle form and/or driver form were not filled out and were not
counted as unknown. Starting in 1982 both a vehicle and a driver form were filled out and the
data were identified as unknown. This is why, for example, there were approximately only 20 to
40 drivers with unknown sex listed in the FARS data file from 1975 to 1981 and more than 700
drivers with unknown sex from 1982 on.
This data element was removed from Accident data file in 2009.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PHIT_RUN.
SAS Name: HIT_RUN
Attribute Codes
19751976
0
-1
-2
------
19771981
-0
1
--2
-3
---
19822008
-0
-1
--2
-3
4
---
---
4
5
---
---
5
5
2009
0
1
-9
20102011
0
1
8
9
2012Later
0
1
-9
Not Applicable
No Hit-and-Run
With Motor Vehicle
Hit Motor Vehicle in Transport
With Non-Occupant
Hit Non-Motorist
Hit Pedestrian or Non-Motorist
Left Scene
Hit Parked Vehicle (Working Vehicle, Since 2004) or Object
Occupant Is Struck by or Fell From Own Hit-and-Run Vehicle
(2002 Only)
Driver Leaves Scene after Non-Collision Event (Since 2004)
Driver/Occupant Leaves Scene after a Non-Collision Event
(2003 Only)
Other Involved Person, not a driver, left Scene (2005-2006)
Hit-and-Run, Other Involved Person Left Scene (Since 2007)
No
Yes
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  89
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V7
Registration State
The VEHICLE Data File
(FARS Only)
Definition: This element identifies the state in which this vehicle was registered.
Additional Information: For multiple state registrations prior to 1997 the value is 94. In 1997,
values 93 and 94 were combined into 93. After 1997, the value for multiple state registrations is
93.
This variable also appears in the Parkwork data set as PREG_STAT.
SAS Name: REG_STAT
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
01 Alabama
02 Alaska
03 American Samoa
04 Arizona
05 Arkansas
06 California
08 Colorado
09 Connecticut
10 Delaware
11 District of Columbia
12 Florida
13 Georgia
14 Guam
15 Hawaii
16 Idaho
17 Illinois
18 Indiana
19 Iowa
20 Kansas
21 Kentucky
22 Louisiana
23 Maine
24 Maryland
25 Massachusetts
26 Michigan
27 Minnesota
28 Mississippi
29 Missouri
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Virgin Islands (Since 2004)
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Data Element Definitions and Codes  90
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V7
Registration State
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19752007
--92
93
94
-95
-96
-97
-98
-99
20082009
--92
93
-94
-95
-96
-97
-98
99
2010Later
00
91
92
93
-94
-95
-96
-97
-98
99
Not Applicable
Not Reported
No Registration
Multiple State Registrations
Multiple State Registrations - Out-of-State (1975-1996)
U.S. Government Tags (Includes Military)
U.S. Government Tags
Canada
Military Vehicle
Mexico
Foreign Country
Other Foreign Country
Other Registration
Other Registration (Includes Native American Indian Nations)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  91
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V8
The VEHICLE Data File
Registered Vehicle Owner
Definition: This data element identifies the type of registered owner of the vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
POWNER.
SAS Name: OWNER
Attribute Codes
19912007
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
-9
2008Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
-6
9
Not Applicable, Vehicle Not Registered
Driver (of This Vehicle) Was Registered Owner
Driver (of This Vehicle) Not Registered Owner (Other Private Owner)
Vehicle Registered as Business/Company/Government Vehicle
Vehicle Registered as Rental Vehicle
Vehicle Was Stolen (Reported By Police)
Driverless Vehicle
Driverless/Motor Vehicle Parked/Stopped Off Roadway
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  92
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Make
Definition: This data element identifies the make (manufacturer) of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the
Parkwork data file as PMAKE.
SAS Name: MAKE
Attribute Codes
1975-1990
01
American Motors
02
Jeep
03
AM General
06
Chrysler
07
Dodge
08
Imperial
09
Plymouth
10
Eagle (Since 1988)
12
Ford
13
Lincoln
14
Mercury
18
Buick
19
Cadillac
20
Chevrolet
21
Oldsmobile
22
Pontiac
23
GMC
29
Other Domestic
30
Volkswagen
31
Alfa Romeo
32
Audi
33
Austin-Healey
35
Datsun
36
Fiat
37
Honda
38
Isuzu
39
Jaguar
40
Lancia
41
Mazda
42
Mercedes-Benz
43
MG
44
Peugeot
45
Porsche
46
Renault
47
Saab
48
Subaru
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  93
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1975-1990
49
Toyota
50
Triumph
51
Volvo
52
Mitsubishi (Since 1982)
53
Suzuki (Since 1987)
57
Lexus (Since 1988)
58
Infiniti (Since 1988)
59
Other Imports
60
BSA
61
Ducati
62
Harley-Davidson
63
Kawasaki
64
Moto Guzzi
65
Norton
67
Yamaha
69
Other Motor Cycle
70
Moped
80
Brockway
81
Diamond Reo
82
Freightliner
83
FWD
84
International Harvester
85
Kenworth
86
Mack
87
Peterbilt
88
White
95
Other Truck/Bus
98
Other Make
99
Unknown Make
1991-Later
01
American Motors
02
Jeep/Kaiser-Jeep/Willys Jeep
03
AM General
06
Chrysler
07
Dodge
08
Imperial
09
Plymouth
10
Eagle
12
Ford
13
Lincoln
14
Mercury
18
Buick/Opel
19
Cadillac
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  94
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1991-Later
20
Chevrolet
21
Oldsmobile
22
Pontiac
23
GMC
24
Saturn
25
Grumman
26
Coda (Since 2013)
29
Other Domestic
Avanti
Checker
DeSoto
Excalibur
Hudson
Packard
Panoz
Saleen
Studebaker
Stutz
30
Volkswagen
31
Alfa Romeo
32
Audi
33
Austin/Austin Healey
34
BMW
35
Datsun/Nissan
36
Fiat
37
Honda
38
Isuzu
39
Jaguar
40
Lancia
41
Mazda
42
Mercedes-Benz
43
MG
44
Peugeot
45
Porsche
46
Renault
47
Saab
48
Subaru
49
Toyota
50
Triumph
51
Volvo
52
Mitsubishi
53
Suzuki
54
Acura
55
Hyundai
56
Merkur
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  95
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1991-Later
57
Yugo
58
Infiniti
59
Lexus
60
Daihatsu
61
Sterling
62
Land Rover
63
Kia
64
Daewoo
65
Smart (Since 2010)
66
Mahindra (2011-2013)
67
Scion (Since 2012)
69
Other Imports
Aston Martin
Bentley
Bertone
Bricklin
Citroen
DeLorean
Desta
Ferrari
Gazelle
Hillman
Jensen
Lada
Lamborghini
Lotus
Maserati
Maybach
Mini Copper
Morgan
Morris
Reliant (British)
Rolls-Royce
Simca
Singer
Spyker
Sunbeam
TVR
70
BSA
71
Ducati
72
Harley-Davidson
73
Kawasaki
74
Moto Guzzi
75
Norton
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  96
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1991-Later
76
Yamaha
77
Victory
78
Other Make Moped (Since 2010)
79
Other Make Motored Cycle (Since 2010)
80
Brockway
81
Diamond Reo/Reo
82
Freightliner
83
FWD
84
International Harvester/Navistar
85
Kenworth
86
Mack
87
Peterbilt
88
Iveco/Magirus
89
White/Autocar, White/GMC
90
Bluebird
91
Eagle Coach
92
Gillig
93
MCI
94
Thomas Built
97
Not Reported (Since 2010)
98
Other Make
Auto-Union-DKW
Carpenter
Collins Bus
DINA
Divco
Hino
Mid Bus
Neoplan
Orion
Oshkosh
Scania
Sterling
UD
Van Hool
Western Star
99
Unknown Make
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  97
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V10
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Model
Definition: This data element identifies the model of this vehicle within a given make.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the
Parkwork data file as PMODEL.
SAS Name: MODEL
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
See the current FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manual for vehicle model codes.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  98
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
The VEHICLE Data File
Body Type
Definition: This data element identifies a classification of this vehicle based on its general body
configuration, size, shape, doors, etc.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the
Parkwork data file as PBODYTYP.
1975-1981: Within the yearly NHTSA report Fatal Accident Reporting System, the term "Light
Trucks" includes Vans.
The body type data do not track with the original documentation. For example, the
documentation states that BODY_TYP EQ 7 is for utility vehicles. However, when the data files
are examined one sees that BODY_TYP EQ 43 is the value that will provide the desired result.
The data files have been modified to make the early years for this data element compatible with
1981.
Note: Utility vehicles are also part of the light truck category
Note: BODY_TYP 40, large limousines, are not included as part of Passenger Cars or
Passenger Vehicles.
1982-1990: Within the yearly NHTSA report Fatal Accident Report System, the term “Light
Truck” includes Vans. Utility vehicles are also part of the light-truck category.
Note: BODY_TYP 13, large limousines and BODY_TYP 14, three-wheel automobiles or
automobile derivatives, are not included as part of Passenger Cars or Passenger Vehicles.
Note: A single-unit truck that tows another vehicle, or a bobtail by itself, is considered a
combination truck.
1991-Later: Within the yearly NHTSA publication Traffic Safety Facts, the term "Light Trucks"
includes Vans.
Note: BODY_TYP 12, large limousines and BODY_TYP 13, three-wheel automobiles or
automobile derivatives, are not included as part of Passenger Cars or Passenger Vehicles.
When defining School Buses 1993 and later be sure to include the new body type 24 (vanbased school bus). However, body type 24 is not part of Buses.
When defining Transit Buses 1993 and later be sure to include the new body type 25 (vanbased transit bus). However, body type 25 is not part of Buses.
Note: A single-unit truck that tows another vehicle, or a bobtail, is considered a combination
truck.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
SAS Name: BODY_TYP
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
01
Convertible
02
2-Door Sedan HT/Coupe
03
4-Door Sedan HT
04
Hatchback
05
Car-Pickup Body
06
Station Wagon
07
On/Off Road Vehicle – Jeep CJ-S, Bronco, Blazer, Scout, etc. (1975-1979)
08
Other Auto
09
Unknown Auto Type
15
Motorcycle
16
Moped
17
Other Cycle
18
Unknown Cycle
25
School Bus
26
Cross-County
27
Transit Bus
28
Other Bus
29
Unknown Bus
35
Snowmobile
36
Farm Equipment
37
Dune/Swamp Buggy
38
Construction Equipment
39
Ambulance/Hearse Type
40
Large Limousine
41
Camper/Motorhome
42
Fire Truck
43
On/Off-Road Vehicle – Jeep CJ-S, Bronco, Blazer, Scout, etc. (1980-1981)
44
Other Special Vehicle
45
Ambulance EMS
50
Pickup
51
Van
52
Truck-Based Station Wagon
53
Straight Truck, Low GVW
54
Straight Truck, Medium GVW
55
Straight Truck, High GVW
56
Straight Truck, Unknown GVW
57
Two-Unit Truck
58
Multi-Unit Truck
59
Truck-Tractor
60
Unknown Type Truck
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  100
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1982-1990
01
Convertible
02
2-Door Sedan/Ht/Coupe
03
3-Door/2-Door Hatchback
04
4-Door Sedan/Ht
05
5-Door/4-Door Hatchback
06
Station Wagon
07
Hatchback/Number of Doors Unknown
08
Other Auto
09
Unknown Auto Type
10
Auto Pickup
11
Auto Panel
12
Short Utility/Not Truck-Based
13
Large Limousine
14
3-Wheel Vehicle Unknown Body Type
20
Motorcycle
21
Moped
27
3-Wheel Motorcycle Or Moped
28
Other Cycle
29
Unknown Cycle
30
School Bus
31
Cross-Country/Intercity
32
Transit Bus
38
Other Bus
39
Unknown Bus
40
Van
41
Van Commercial Cutaway
42
Van Motorhome
48
Other Van Type
49
Unknown Van Type
50
Pickup
51
Pickup W/Slide-In Camper
52
Pickup-Based Motorhome
53
Cab Chassis Based
54
Truck-Based Panel
55
Truck-Based Station Wagon
56
Truck-Based Utility
58
Other Light Conventional Truck
59
Unknown Light Convent Truck
67
Utility, Base Body Unknown
69
Unknown Light Truck
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  101
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1982-1990
70
Straight Truck, Low GVW
71
Straight Truck, Medium GVW
72
Straight Truck, High GVW
73
Medium/Heavy Truck Motorhome
74
Truck/Tractor
75
Unknown Medium Truck
76
Unknown Heavy Truck
77
Camper/Motorhome
78
Single Unit Straight Truck GVW Unknown
79
Unknown Truck Type
80
Snowmobile
81
Farm Equipment/Not Trucks
82
ATV, Dune/Swamp Buggy
83
Construction Equipment/Not Trucks
88
Other
89
Unknown Other Vehicle
90
3-Wheel Vehicle Unknown Body Type
99
Unknown Body Type
19912009
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
08
09
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
-19
2010Later
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
-08
-09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
Convertible (Excludes Sunroof, T-Bar)
2-Door Sedan/Hardtop/Coupe
3-Door/2-Door Hatchback
4-Door Sedan/Hardtop
5-Door/4-Door Hatchback
Station Wagon (Excluding Van and Truck-Based)
Hatchback, Number of Doors Unknown
Other Auto (1991-1993)
Sedan/Hardtop, Number of Doors Unknown (Since 1994)
Unknown Auto Type (1991-1993)
Other or Unknown Automobile Type (Since 1994)
Auto-Based Pickup
Auto-Based Panel (Cargo Station Wagon, Auto-Based Ambulance or Hearse)
Large Limousine – More Than Four Side Doors or Stretch Chassis
Three-Wheel Automobile or Automobile Derivative
Compact Utility (ANSI D-16 Utility Vehicle Categories “Small” and “Midsize”)
Large Utility (ANSI D-16 Utility Vehicle Categories “Full Size” and “Large”)
Utility Station Wagon
3-Door Coupe
Utility Unknown Body
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  102
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19912009
20
21
22
23
24
25
28
29
30
31
32
33
39
40
2010Later
20
21
22
---28
29
30
31
32
33
39
40
41
42
45
41
42
45
48
-49
50
51
52
-58
59
60
61
--
48
48
49
50
51
52
55
58
59
60
61
61
62
--
62
62
63
-64
-65
66
67
--
63
63
-64
65
66
67
68
Minivan
Large Van – Includes Van-Based Buses
Step Van or Walk-In Van
Van Motorhome (1991-2002)
Van-Based School Bus (1993-2002)
Van-Based Transit Bus (1993-2002)
Other Van Type (Hi-Cube Van)
Unknown Van Type
Compact Pickup (Gross Vehicle Weight, GVWR, < 4,500 lbs)
Standard Pickup
Pickup with Slide-In Camper
Convertible Pickup
Unknown (Pickup Style) Light Conventional Truck Type
Cab Chassis-Based (Includes Light Stake, Light Dump, Light Tow, Rescue
Vehicles)
Truck-Based Panel
Light-Truck-Based Motorhome (Chassis Mounted)
Other Light Conventional Truck Type (Includes Stretched Suburban
Limousine)
Unknown Light-Truck Type (Not a Pickup, 1991-2012)
Unknown Light Truck Type (Since 2013)
Unknown Light-Vehicle Type (Automobile, Utility Vehicle, Van or Light Truck)
School Bus
Cross-Country/Intercity Bus (i.e., Greyhound)
Transit Bus (City Bus)
Van-Based Bus GVWR > 10,000 lbs. (Since 2011)
Other Bus Type
Unknown Bus Type
Step Van
Single-Unit Straight Truck (10,000 lbs < GVWR <= 19,500 lbs) (1991-2010)
Single-Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (10,000 lbs < GVWR <=
19,500 lbs) (Since 2011)
Single-Unit Straight Truck (19,500 lbs < GVWR <= 26,000 lbs) (1991-2010)
Single-Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (19,500 lbs < GVWR <=
26,000 lbs) (Since 2011)
Single-Unit Straight Truck (GVWR > 26,000 lbs) (1991-2010)
Single-Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (GVWR > 26,000 lbs) (Since 2011)
Single-Unit Straight Truck
Single Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (GVWR Unknown) (Since 2011)
Medium/Heavy Truck-Based Motorhome
Truck/Tractor (Cab Only, or with Any Number of Trailing Units: Any Weight)
Medium/Heavy Pickup (GVWR > 10,000 lbs) (Since 2001)
Single-Unit Straight Truck (GVWR Unknown) (2010 Only)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  103
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19912009
71
2010Later
71
72
72
73
78
79
80
81
82
83
88
88
73
78
79
80
81
82
83
-88
89
90
91
92
93
94
--
89
90
91
92
93
-94
-97
95
97
-99
98
99
Unknown if Single-Unit or Combination-Unit Medium Truck (10,000 lbs <
GVWR < 26,000 lbs)
Unknown if Single-Unit or Combination-Unit Heavy Truck (GVWR >
26,000 lbs.)
Camper or Motorhome, Unknown Truck Type
Unknown Medium/Heavy Truck Type
Unknown Truck Type
Motorcycle
Moped (Motorized Bicycle)
Three-Wheel Motorcycle/Moped- Not All-Terrain Vehicle
Off-Road Motorcycle (2-Wheel) (Since 1993)
Other Motored Cycle Type (Mini-Bikes, Motor Scooters) (1991-2007)
Other Motored Cycle Type (Mini-Bikes, Motor Scooters, Pocket Motorcycles,
Pocket Bikes) (Since 2008)
Unknown Motored Cycle Type
ATV (All-Terrain Vehicle; Includes 3 or 4 Wheels)
Snowmobile
Farm Equipment Other Than Trucks
Construction Equipment Other Than Trucks (Includes Graders)
Motorized Wheel Chair (1997 Only)
Low Speed Vehicle (LSV)/Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV)
(Since 2011)
Golf Cart (Since 2012)
Other Vehicle Type (Includes Go-Cart, Fork-Lift, City Street Sweeper,
Dune/Swamp Buggy)
Not Reported
Unknown Body Type
More Information on Vehicle (Body Type) Classification
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  104
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V12
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Model Year
Definition: This data element identifies the manufacturer's model year of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the
Parkwork data file as PMODYEAR.
SAS Name: MOD_YEAR
Attribute Codes
19751997
00-98
-99
19982009
xxxx
-9999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2010Later
xxxx
9998
9999
Actual Model Year
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  105
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V13
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Definition: This data element records the vehicle identification number (VIN) of this vehicle
assigned by the vehicle manufacturer. The VIN contains information on the vehicle such as:
manufacturer, model year, model, body type, restraint type, etc.
Additional Information: From 1975 to 1993 the first ten characters of the VIN are recorded;
from 1994 onward the first 12 are used. The vehicle manufacturers use the VIN to describe
certain characteristics of a vehicle and to assign a serial number to the vehicle.
VINA is a software program, maintained by R. L. Polk & Co. that deciphers the VIN for 1966 and
newer vehicles that are within the scope of the program. In FARS, the VINA program uses the
VIN as input values and returns decoded values for automobiles, trucks, and motorcycles.
Vehicle type, determined by the analyst-coded body type, is also used as input to facilitate the
program processing. The names of many data elements decoded from the VIN begin with "VIN"
or “PVIN.” Some of the results from the VINA program are used as edit checks for these data.
Starting in 1981, the Vehicle Identification Numbers were required to conform to an international
standard. For vehicles built prior to 1981 one may consult the National Automobile Theft
Bureau's publication Passenger Vehicle Identification Manual for the year in question.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PVIN.
SAS Name: VIN
Attribute Codes
1975-1993
xxxxxxxxxx
-----
1994-2008
-xxxxxxxxxxxx
----
2009
-xxxxxxxxxxxx
000000000000
---
2010-Later
-xxxxxxxxxxxx
000000000000
888888888888
999999999999
First 10 Characters
First 12 Characters
No VIN Required
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  106
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V14
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Trailing
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle had any attached trailing units or
was towing another motor vehicle. A trailing unit can be a horse trailer, fifth wheel trailer,
camper, boat, truck trailer, towed vehicle or any other trailer.
Additional Information: This data element not only applies to tractor trailers, but also to boats,
cars, and U-Haul-type vehicles that are towed with a trailer hitch. Vehicles pulled by a rope or
chain are not counted as towed vehicles.
Note that the number of unknowns is 0 until 1982. From 1982 to 1984 the number of unknowns
is approximately 2,500 per year. Starting in 1985 the number of unknowns falls to about 300
per year.
This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the Parkwork data file as
PTRAILER.
SAS Name: TOW_VEH
Attribute Codes
19751981
0
1
--------
1982
0
-1
--4
5
---
19832003
0
-1
2
3
4
----
20042008
0
-1
2
3
4
-5
--
2009Later
0
-1
2
3
4
--5
--
--
--
--
6
--
--
9
9
9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Trailing Unit
Yes
Yes, One Trailing Unit
Yes, Two Trailing Units
Yes, Three or More Trailing Units
Yes, Number of Trailing Units Unknown
Yes, Two or More Trailing Units
Vehicle Towing another Motor Vehicle
Vehicle Towing another Motor Vehicle – Fixed
Linkage
Vehicle Towing another Motor Vehicle – Non-Fixed
Linkage
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  107
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V15
The VEHICLE Data File
Jackknife
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle experienced a jackknife anytime
during the unstabilized situation.
Additional Information: Jackknife applies to a condition which occurs to a “semi” truck (i.e.,
cab and one or more trailers) while in motion. The condition reflects a loss of control of the
truck by the driver in which the trailer yaws more than 15 degrees from its normal straight line
path behind the cab. If the final resting configuration of the vehicle is in the jackknife position, it
does not necessarily mean that the vehicle has jackknifed (such as, a crash occurring while the
vehicle is backing up or parking).
From 1975 to 1979, the data element exists in the data files but has not been initialized. These
data were not collected.
SAS Name: J_KNIFE
Attribute Codes
19801981
0
1
2
---
1982Later
0
1
-2
3
Not an Articulated Vehicle
No
Yes
Yes, First Event
Yes, Subsequent Event
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  108
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V16
The VEHICLE Data File
Motor Carrier Identification Number (MCID)
Definition: This data element records the issuing authority and motor carrier identification
number if applicable to this vehicle. This data element is the combination of two data elements,
MCARR_I1 and MCARR_I2.
Additional Information: The Carrier Identification Number is found only on vehicles of
interstate for-hire or private carriers in the transportation business. It is the unique number
assigned to the Carrier by the United States Department of Commerce Commission, or the
State. The number can be either a US DOT number (on interstate private carriers) or an ICC
MC number (interstate for-hire carriers). Collected only for buses and trucks over 4,500 kg
GVWR (Bodytype (V5)= 60, 64, 66-79), this data element is applicable to the following vehicles:
 Medium/Heavy Trucks: vehicles with two axles/six tires and/or gross weight greater than
10,000 pounds.
 Buses with 16 or more seats (including the driver)
 Trucks and Vans of any size carrying hazardous cargo.
 Light commercial trucks pulling a trailer with gross combination weight rating (GCWR)
greater than 10,000 pounds.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PMCARR_ID.
SAS Name: MCARR_ID
Attribute Codes
19982009
xxxxxxxxxxx
2010Later
xxxxxxxxxxx
00000000000
-88888888888
99999999999
00000000000
77777777777
88888888888
99999999999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
11-Character Combination of MCARR_I1 followed by
MCARR_I2
Not Applicable
Not Reported
None
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  109
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V16A
The VEHICLE Data File
MCID Issuing Authority
Definition: This data element records the issuing authority if applicable to this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is only applicable for the following vehicles:
 Medium/Heavy Trucks: vehicles with two axles/six tires and/or gross weight greater than
10,000 pounds.
 Buses with 16 or more seats (including the driver)
 Trucks and Vans of any size carrying hazardous cargo.
 Light commercial trucks pulling a trailer with gross combination weight rating (GCWR)
greater than 10,000 pounds.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PMCARR_I1.
SAS Name: MCARR_I1
Attribute Codes
20072009
00
01-56
57
58
-88
95
96
99
2010Later
00
01-56
57
58
77
88
95
96
99
Not Applicable
FARS State Code
US DOT
MC/MX (ICC)
Not Reported
None
Canada
Mexico
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  110
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V16B
The VEHICLE Data File
MCID Identification Number
Definition: This data element records the motor carrier identification number if applicable to
this vehicle.
Additional Information: The Carrier Identification Number is found only on vehicles of
interstate for-hire or private carriers in the transportation business. It is the unique number
assigned to the Carrier by the United States Department of Commerce Commission, or the
State. The number can be either a US DOT number (on interstate private carriers) or an ICC
MC number (interstate for-hire carriers). Collected only for buses and trucks over 4,500 kg
GVWR (Bodytype (V5)= 60, 64, 66-79), this data element is applicable to the following vehicles:
 Medium/Heavy Trucks: vehicles with two axles/six tires and/or gross weight greater than
10,000 pounds.
 Buses with 16 or more seats (including the driver)
 Trucks and Vans of any size carrying hazardous cargo.
 Light commercial trucks pulling a trailer with gross combination weight rating (GCWR)
greater than 10,000 pounds.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PMCARR_I2.
SAS Name: MCARR_I2
Attribute Codes
2007-Later
xxxxxxxxx
000000000
777777777
888888888
999999999
Actual 9-Digit Number
Not Applicable
Not Reported
None
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  111
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V17
The VEHICLE Data File
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
Definition: This data element identifies the gross vehicle weight rating of this vehicle if
applicable.
Additional Information: The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) or Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR) is a value specified by the manufacturer for a single-unit truck, truck
tractor, or trailer. In the absence of a gross vehicle weight rating, an estimate of the gross
weight of a fully loaded unit can be substituted.
In 2000 the GVWR was the sum of the weight of the power unit and its trailers. Since 2001 this
data element is the gross vehicle weight of the Power Unit only. The weight of trailers is not
added.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PGVWR.
SAS Name: GVWR
Attribute Codes
20002009
0
1
2
3
-9
2010Later
0
1
2
3
8
9
Not Applicable
10,000 lbs or Less
10,001 lbs - 26,000 lbs
26,001 lbs or More
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  112
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V18
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Configuration
Definition: This data element describes the general configuration of this vehicle if applicable.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PV_CONFIG.
SAS Name: V_CONFIG
Attribute Codes
19911994
0
--
19952000
0
--
20012009
-0
2010Later
---
-1
--
-1
--
-1
--
0
-1
2
-3
-4
5
--------
2
3
4
-5
6
--------
2
3
4
-5
-6
-7
-8
---
2
--4
5
--6
-7
-8
10
6
-7
----
7
-8
----
19
--20
-21
-19
--20
--
--
--
21
--
--
--
--
21
--
--
70
--
--
--
80
--
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus or
Vehicle Displaying a Hazardous Material Placard
Not Applicable
Single-Unit Truck (2 axles, 6 tires)
Single-Unit Truck (2 axles and GVWR more
than 10,000 lbs.)
Single-Unit Truck (3 or More axles)
Single-Unit Truck (Unknown Number of Axles, Tires)
Truck/Trailer(s)
Truck Pulling Trailer(s)
Truck Tractor (Bobtail, i.e., Tractor Only, No Trailer)
Truck Tractor/Semi-Trailer
Truck Tractor/Semi-Trailer (One Trailer)
Truck Tractor/Semi-Trailer
Truck Tractor/Doubles (Two Trailers)
Truck Tractor/Double
Tractor/Triples (Three Trailers)
Truck Tractor/Triple
Vehicle 10,000 lbs or Less Placarded for Hazardous
Materials
Medium/Heavy Trucks, Cannot Classify
Truck More than 10,000 lbs., Cannot Classify
Bus
Bus (Seats for 9-15 Occupants, Including Driver)
Bus/Large Van (Seats for 9-15 Occupants, Including Driver)
Bus (Seats for More Than 15 People, Including Driver,
2001-2006)
Bus (Seats for 16 or More People, Including Driver,
2007-2009)
Bus (Seats for More Than 15 Occupants, Including Driver,
2010-Later)
Light Truck (Van, Mini-Van, Panel, Pickup, Sport Utility
Vehicle Displaying a Hazardous Material Placard)
Passenger Car (Only When Displaying a Hazardous Material
Placard)
Data Element Definitions and Codes  113
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V18
Vehicle Configuration
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19911994
-9
--
19952000
--9
20012009
--99
2010Later
98
99
--
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Not Reported (2010-2012)
Unknown
Unknown if Light or Medium/Heavy Truck/Bus
Data Element Definitions and Codes  114
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V19
The VEHICLE Data File
Cargo Body Type
Definition: This data element describes the primary cargo carrying capability of this vehicle if
applicable.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PCARGTYP.
SAS Name: CARGO_BT
Attribute Codes
19911994
0
--1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
----------
19952000
0
--1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-8
----------
20012008
-0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
--8
9
-10
11
-12
20
21
2009Later
--0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
--8
-9
10
-11
12
---
--
--
21
--
------
---97
--
--96
-97
22
28
96
---
-----
-98
---
--98
--
97
--98
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Not Applicable Not a Truck or Bus
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
Not Applicable
Van/Enclosed Box
Cargo Tank
Flatbed
Dump
Concrete Mixer
Auto Transporter
Garbage/Refuse
Medium/Heavy Truck, Other Body Type
Bus
Grain, Chips, Gravel
Pole
Pole-Trailer
Log (Since 2007)
Intermodal Chassis (2007-2008)
Intermodal Container Chassis
Vehicle Towing Another Motor Vehicle (Since 2007)
Bus (Seats 9-15 People, Including Driver)
Bus (Seats More than 15 People, Including Driver, 20012006)
Bus (Seats for 16 or More People, Including Driver, 20072008)
Bus
Not Reported (2010-2012)
No Cargo Body Type
Medium/Heavy Truck, Other Cargo Body Type
Medium/Heavy Truck, or Bus, Other Cargo Body Type (Not
Data elements 01-12, 20-21)
Other
Medium/Heavy Truck, Unknown Cargo Body Type
Medium/Heavy Truck, or Bus, Unknown Cargo Body Type
Unknown Cargo Body Type
Data Element Definitions and Codes  115
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V19
Cargo Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19911994
99
---
19952000
-99
--
20012008
-99
--
2009
--99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2010Later
--99
Unknown Vehicle Type
Unknown if Light or Medium/Heavy Truck/Bus
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  116
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V20A/HM1
The VEHICLE Data File
Hazardous Material Involvement
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was carrying hazardous materials.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PHAZ_INV.
SAS Name: HAZ_INV
2007-Later
1
No
2
Yes
V20B/HM2
Hazardous Material Placard
Definition: This data element identifies the presence of hazardous materials for this vehicle
and whether this vehicle displayed a hazardous materials placard.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PHAZPLAC.
SAS Name: HAZ_PLAC
2007-Later
0
Not Applicable
1
No
2
Yes
8
Not Reported
V20C/HM3
Hazardous Material Identification Number
Definition: This data element identifies the 4-digit hazardous material identification number for
this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PHAZ_ID.
SAS Name: HAZ_ID
2007-Later
0000 Not Applicable
xxxx Actual 4-Digit Number
8888 Not Reported
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  117
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V20D/HM4
The VEHICLE Data File
Hazardous Material Class Number
Definition: This data element identifies the single-digit hazardous material class number for
this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PHAZ_CNO.
SAS Name: HAZ_CNO
2007
0
1-7 or 9
8
Not Applicable
Actual Number
Not Reported
2008-Later
0
1-9
88
Not Applicable
Actual Number
Not Reported
V20E/HM5
Release of Hazardous Material from the Cargo Compartment
Definition: This data element identifies whether any hazardous cargo was released from the
cargo tank or compartment of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PHAZ_REL.
SAS Name: HAZ_REL
2007-Later
0
Not Applicable
1
No
2
Yes
8
Not Reported
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  118
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V21
The VEHICLE Data File
Bus Use
Definition: This data element describes the common type of bus service this vehicle was being
used as at the time of the crash or the primary use for the bus if not in service at the time of the
crash.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as
PBUS_USE.
SAS Name: BUS_USE
Attribute Codes
2000-2009
0
Not Used as a Bus
1
Used as a Public School Bus
2
Used as a Private School Bus
3
Used as a School Bus, Public or Private Unknown
4
Used as a Scheduled Service Bus
5
Used as a Tour Bus
6
Used as a Commuter Bus
7
Used as a Shuttle Bus
8
Modified for Personal/Private Use
9
Unknown Bus Use
2010-Later
00
Not a Bus
01
School Bus
04
Intercity Bus
05
Charter/Tour Bus
06
Transit/Commuter Bus
07
Shuttle Bus
08
Modified for Personal/Private Use
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  119
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V22
The VEHICLE Data File
Special Use
Definition: This data element identifies any special use associated with this vehicle at the time
of the crash.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file set and in the
Parkwork data file as PSP_USE.
SAS Name: SPEC_USE
Attribute Codes
19752009
0
1
2
-3
4
5
6
7
8
---9
20102011
0
1
2
-3
4
5
6
7
8
--98
99
2012
0
1
-2
3
4
5
6
7
8
--98
99
2013Later
0
1
-2
3
4
5
6
7
-8
13
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Special Use
Taxi
Vehicle Used for School Bus
Vehicle Used as School Transport
Vehicle Used as Other Bus
Military
Police
Ambulance (Since 1980)
Fire Truck (Since 1982)
Emergency Services Vehicle (2009-2012)
Non-Transport Emergency Services Vehicle
Incident Response
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  120
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V23
The VEHICLE Data File
Emergency Motor Vehicle Use
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was engaged in emergency use.
Emergency Use indicates operation of any motor vehicle that is legally authorized by a
government authority to respond to emergencies with or without the use of emergency warning
equipment, such as a police vehicle, fire truck or ambulance while actually engaged in such
response.
Additional Information: This data element is applicable only if the vehicle was being used as
an emergency vehicle at the time of the crash.
Prior to 2013 this data element was called “Emergency Use.”
This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the Parkwork data file as
PEM_USE.
SAS Name: EMER_USE
Attribute Codes
19772009
0
-1
-------
20102012
0
-1
----8
9
2013Later
-0
-2
3
4
5
8
9
No
Not Applicable
Yes
Non-Emergency, Non-Transport
Non-Emergency Transport
Emergency Operation, Emergency Warning Equipment Not In Use
Emergency Operation, Emergency Warning Equipment In Use
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  121
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V24
The VEHICLE Data File
Travel Speed
Definition: This data element records the speed the vehicle was traveling prior to the
occurrence of the crash as reported by the investigating officer.
Additional Information: This data is collected after the crash, and is an estimate of the travel
speed, which is often a judgment, rather than a measurement. Computing the mean without
removing the unknowns will increase the mean travel speed.
For the years 1980 and 1981 travel speed was not collected. However, the data element is
currently in the database for these two years with all data as missing. With this data element
there has always been a high number of unknown cases. Since the data were considered
somewhat "uncollectible," a decision was made not to collect the data for these two years.
However, although the data were often unavailable, it was considered too important not to try to
collect it.
Since 2005, data have been collected for parked vehicles and vehicles not in-transport. The
values 00 and 000 only apply to motor vehicles in-transport, for example, a vehicle that is intransport, but stopped at a stop light.
SAS Name: TRAV_SP
Attribute Codes
19752008
00
01-96
97
-98
99
2009Later
000
001-151
-997
998
999
Stopped Motor Vehicle in Transport
Reported Speed Up to 151 mph
Speed Greater than 96 mph
Speed Greater than 151 mph
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  122
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V25
The VEHICLE Data File
Underride/Override
Definition: This data element identifies this vehicle’s involvement in an underride or override
during the crash.
Additional Information: Note the striking vehicle, not the vehicle struck, determines the
underride/override condition. From 1975 to 1993 both the initial and principal impacts were
counted. In the event and only in the event, that the initial or principal impact point was an
underride/override were the data element IMPACT1 or IMPACT2 flagged/counted as such.
However, all other underrides/overrides were not counted, nor should they have been counted.
Impacts were counted, not underrides. Therefore, the data element UNDERIDE was added to
the FARS in 1994.
The data element UNDERIDE is dependent on the data contained in PAR. The NASS CDS is
based on the efforts of professional crash investigators performing detailed analysis of crashes.
An analysis of the 1994-1996 FARS and NASS CDS data systems and the 1997 Trucks in Fatal
Accident file revealed that underrides and overrides are generally not identified on the PARs.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PUNDERIDE.
SAS Name: UNDERIDE
Attribute Codes
1994-Later
0
No Underride or Override (1994-2011)
0
No Underride or Override Noted (2012-Later)
WITH MOTOR VEHICLE IN TRANSPORT
1
Underride (Compartment Intrusion)
2
Underride (No Compartment Intrusion)
3
Underride (Compartment Intrusion Unknown)
WITH MOTOR VEHICLE NOT IN TRANSPORT
4
Underride (Compartment Intrusion)
5
Underride (No Compartment Intrusion)
6
Underride (Compartment Intrusion Unknown)
7
8
9
Override, Motor Vehicle in Transport
Override, Motor Vehicle Not in Transport
Unknown if Underride or Override
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  123
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V26
The VEHICLE Data File
Rollover
Definition: This data element identifies this vehicle’s involvement in a rollover or overturn
during the crash. Rollover is defined as any vehicle rotation of 90 degrees or more about any
true longitudinal or lateral axis. Rollover can occur at any time during the crash.
Additional Information: Data are not available from 1975 to 1977.
This data element also appears in the Person data file.
SAS Name: ROLLOVER
Attribute Codes
19782008
0
1
-2
---
2009Later
0
-1
-2
9
No Rollover
First Event
Rollover, Tripped by Object/Vehicle
Subsequent Event
Rollover, Untripped
Rollover, Unknown Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  124
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V27
The VEHICLE Data File
Location of Rollover
Definition: This data element identifies the location of the trip point or start of this vehicle's roll.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: ROLINLOC
Attribute Codes
20092010
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
-9
2011Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
No Rollover
On Roadway
On Shoulder
On Median/Separator
In Gore
On Roadside
Outside of Trafficway
In Parking Lane/Zone
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  125
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V28A
The VEHICLE Data File
Initial Contact Point
Definition: This data element identifies the area on this vehicle that produced the first instance
of injury to non-motorists or occupants of this vehicle, or that resulted in the first instance of
damage to other property or to this vehicle.
Additional Information: Prior to 2010 this data element was called “Initial Point of Impact.” In
2010 and 2011 it was called “Initial Damaged Area.” Since 2012 it is called “Initial Contact
Point.” Starting in 2010, this data element is derived from the crash events. It is the first
recorded area of impact value for this vehicle in the Vevent data file.
The attributes Underride and Override were discontinued in 1993 and “Underride/Override”
became its own data element in 1994. Prior to 1994, the striking vehicle, not the vehicle struck,
determined the underride/override condition. After the crash, in the case of an override or
underride one vehicle is over the other. If the striking vehicle is over the other, then the crash is
an override. If the striking vehicle is under the other, the crash is an underride. See the
information under “Underride/Override” about using this data element.
This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the Parkwork data file as PIMPACT1.
SAS Name: IMPACT1
Attribute Codes
19751993
0
1-12
13
14
15
16
--
---------------99
19942009
0
1-12
13
14
--18
---------------99
20102011
0
1-12
13
14
----
18
---61
62
-63
-81
82
-83
-98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2012
0
1-12
13
14
----
-18
--61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
2013Later
0
1-12
13
14
----
--18
19
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
Non-Collision
Clock points
Top
Undercarriage
Underride (1980-1993)
Override (1982-1993)
This Vehicle Set Something in Motion
Causing Injury or Damage
(Not a Clock Point, 2004-2009)
Set-in-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-in-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  126
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V29
The VEHICLE Data File
Extent of Damage
Definition: This data element records the amount of damage sustained by this vehicle as
indicated in the case materials based on an operational damage scale.
Additional Information: The data element name was “Extent of Deformation” from 1975 to
2008. The data element name was changed to “Extent of Damage” in 2009.
The data on 8 (Not Reportable) collected in 1976 are no longer contained in the data file. The
data for that year are not consistent with the documentation of the time.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVEH_SEV.
SAS Name: DEFORMED
Attribute Codes
1975-2008
0
None
2
Other (Minor)
4
Functional (Moderate)
6
Disabling (Severe)
9
Unknown
2009
0
2
4
6
-9
2010Later
0
2
4
6
8
9
No Damage
Minor Damage
Functional Damage
Disabling Damage
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  127
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V30
The VEHICLE Data File
Vehicle Removal
Definition: This data element describes the mode by which this vehicle left the scene of the
crash.
Additional Information: The data element name was “Manner of Leaving Scene” from 1975 to
2008. The data element name was changed to “Vehicle Removal” in 2009.
The early years are not consistent with the documentation of the time.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PTOWED.
SAS Name: TOWAWAY
TOWED
1975-2008
2009-Later
Attribute Codes
1975
-2
---4
---9
19762008
1
2
-3
-----9
2009
1
-2
-3
-4
--9
20102012
1
-2
-3
-4
-8
9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2013Later
--2
-3
--5
8
9
Driven Away
Towed Away
Towed Due to Disabling Damage
Abandoned/Left Scene
Towed Not Due to Disabling Damage
Not Towed Away
Abandoned/Left at Scene
Not Towed
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  128
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
The VEHICLE Data File
Most Harmful Event
Definition: This data element describes the event that resulted in the most severe injury or, if
no injury, the greatest property damage involving this vehicle.
Additional Information: “First Harmful Event” (HARM_EV) applies to the crash. “Most
Harmful Event” (M_HARM) applies to the vehicle. Harmful events are judgment calls of the
FARS analysts based on the data within the PAR.
From 2004 to 2009, the data elements “First Harmful Event,” “Most Harmful Event,” and the
“Sequence of Events” have the same attributes. The harmful event attributes were modified to
be consistent with the sequence of events data elements. Starting in 2009, these data elements
still have the same attributes except non-harmful event attributes were added to the “Sequence
of Events” data element.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PM_HARM.
SAS Name: M_HARM
Attribute Codes
1979-1981
01
Overturn
02
Fire/Explosion
03
Immersion
04
Gas Inhalation
05
Fell from Vehicle
06
Injured in Vehicle
07
Other Non-Collision
08
Pedestrian
09
Pedalcycle
10
Railway Train
11
Animal
12
Motor Vehicle in Transport
13
Motor Vehicle in Transport in Other Roadway
14
Parked Motor Vehicle
15
Other Type Non-Motorist
16
Other Object
18
Building
19
Culvert
20
Curb or Wall
21
Divider
22
Embankment
23
Fence
24
Guard Rail
25
Light Support
26
Sign Post
27
Tree/Shrubbery
28
Utility Pole
29
Other Pole/Support
30
Impact Attenuator
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  129
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
Most Harmful Event
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1979-1981
31
Other Fixed Object
32
Bridge or Overpass (Passing Under)
33
Bridge or Overpass (Passing Over)
99
Unknown
19822003
01
02
03
04
05
06
-07
08
09
-10
-11
-12
-13
14
15
-16
17
18
19
20
21
-22
23
-24
25
20042009
01
02
03
04
05
06
-07
08
09
-10
-11
-12
-13
14
-15
16
17
18
19
20
21
-22
23
-24
25
20102012
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
08
-09
-10
-11
-12
-14
-15
16
17
18
19
20
-21
--23
24
25
2013Later
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
08
-09
-10
-11
-12
-14
-15
16
17
18
19
20
-21
--23
24
25
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion (or Partial Immersion, Since 2012)
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcycle
Pedalcyclist
Railway Train
Railway Vehicle
Animal
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Same Roadway
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Other Roadway
Parked Motor Vehicle
Other Type Non-Motorist
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Abutment
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Parapet End
Bridge Rail
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
Data Element Definitions and Codes  130
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
Most Harmful Event
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822003
26
27
28
29
30
-31
32
33
34
35
-36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
--45
45
-46
47
20042009
26
27
28
29
30
-31
32
33
34
35
-36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
-44
--45
-46
47
20102012
26
----30
31
32
33
34
-35
--38
39
40
41
42
43
--44
--45
46
--
2013Later
26
----30
31
32
33
34
-35
--38
39
40
41
42
43
--44
--45
46
--
48
-49
50
------
48
-49
50
51
-52
53
54
-48
49
50
-51
52
53
--
-48
49
50
-51
52
53
--
--
--
54
54
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Other Traffic Barrier
Highway/Traffic Sign Post
Overhead Sign Support/Sign
Luminary/Light Support
Utility Pole
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
Embankment – Earth
Embankment
Embankment – Rock, Stone, or Concrete
Embankment – Material Type Unknown
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity (1993 Only)
Pavement Surface Irregularity
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Transport Device Used as Equipment (1993-2003)
Working Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicles
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Vehicle Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own Vehicle
(Since 1997)
Collision With Snow Bank (Since 1997)
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance (Since 1998)
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle Struck by Falling/Shifting Cargo or Anything
Set in Motion by Another Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo,
Persons or Objects Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor
Vehicle In-Transport
Data Element Definitions and Codes  131
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
Most Harmful Event
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822003
--------99
20042009
55
55
57
-----99
20102012
-55
57
58
59
72
-98
99
2013Later
-55
57
58
59
72
73
-99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Other Not in-Transport Motor Vehicle (2005-2007)
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway (Since 2008)
Cable Barrier (Since 2008)
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  132
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V33
The VEHICLE Data File
Related Factors- Vehicle Level
Definition: This data element records factors related to this vehicle expressed by the
investigating officer.
Additional Information: There are also crash-level related factors in the Accident data file
(CF1, CF2, and CF3), driver-level related factors in the Vehicle data file (DR_SF1, DR_SF2,
DR_SF3 and DR_SF4) and person-level related factors in the Person data file (P_SF1, P_SF2,
and P_SF3).
The FARS analyst may have used either of the two data elements to code a related factor. One
must test both data elements to ensure that the selected related factor is included.
The set of Pre-existing Vehicle Defects that had been collected under “Related Factors- Vehicle
Level” is now captured in the precrash level data element “Contributing Circumstances, Motor
Vehicle” (Factor.MFACTOR).
These data elements also appear in the Parkwork data file as PVEH_CF1 and PVEH_CF2 in
2009 and prior and as PVEH_SC1 and PVEH_SC2 in 2010 and later.
SAS Name: VEH_CF1, VEH_CF2
VEH_SC1, VEH_SC2
1975-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
19751981
00
01
-02
03
04
19822009
00
-01
02
03
04
2010Later
00
------
05
05
--
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
-----
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
---------------
None
Tires and Wheels
Tires (Does Not Include Wheels, See Value 16)
Brake System
Steering System- Tie Rod, Kingpin, Ball Joint, etc.
Suspension- Springs, Shock Absorbers, MacPherson struts, Axle
Bearing, Control Arms, etc.
Power Train (Power Train/Engine, 2001-2009)- Universal Joint,
Drive Shaft, Transmission, etc.
Exhaust System
Headlights
Signal Lights
Other Lights
Horn
Mirrors
Wipers
Driver Seating and Control
Body, Doors, Hood, Other
Trailer Hitch
Wheels
Air Bags (1995-2009)
Other Vehicle Defects
Safety Belts (2002-2009)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  133
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V33
Related Factors- Vehicle Level
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19751981
------
19822009
-31
32
33
34
2010Later
30
-32
33
--
-------
35
35
36
37
38
39
-35
36
37
-39
---
40
41
40
41
--
42
42
--
43
--
-99
44
99
44
99
3-Wheeled Motorcycle Conversion (Since 2012)
Hit-and-Run Vehicle (1982-2008)
Vehicle Registration for Handicapped
Vehicle Being Pushed by Non-Motorist
Vehicle Impact Point- the Result of Something Set in Motion (19982003)
Reconstructed Vehicle (1998-2007)
Reconstructed/Altered Vehicle (Since 2008)
Electric/Alternative Fuel Vehicle (Since 1999)
Transporting Children to/from Head Start/Day Care (Since 2000)
Vehicle Went Airborne During Crash (2001-2003)
Highway Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicle, In Transport
(Inside or Outside Work Zone) (Since 2002)
Highway Incident Response Vehicle (Since 2002)
Police Fire or EMS Vehicle Working at the Scene of an Emergency
or Performing Other Traffic Control Activities (Since 2004)
Other Working Vehicle (Not Construction, Maintenance, Utility,
Police, Fire, or EMS Vehicle, Since 2004)
Hazardous Materials/Cargo Released From This Vehicle (20052006)
Adaptive Equipment (Since 2007)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  134
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V34
The VEHICLE Data File
Fire Occurrence
Definition: This data element identifies whether a fire in any way related to the crash occurred
in this vehicle.
Additional Information: From 1975 to 1979 if an explosion occurred in the vehicle, with or
without a fire, this data element would also be set to 1.
This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the Parkwork data file as PFIRE.
SAS Name: FIRE_EXP
Attribute Codes
19752007
0
-1
---
2008
0
-1
-2
2009Later
-0
-1
--
No Fire
No or Not Reported
Fire Occurred in This Vehicle during Crash
Yes
Fire Occurred in This Vehicle and Initiated Fire/Explosion in Another
Vehicle
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  135
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V100
The VEHICLE Data File
Make Model Combined
Definition: This derived data element represents the 5-digit combined codes of the data
elements MAKE and MODEL.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the
Parkwork data file as PMAK_MOD.
SAS Name: MAK_MOD
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
See the current FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manual for vehicle make and
model codes.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  136
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V101
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 1
Definition: This data element represents the first character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_1.
SAS Name: VIN_1
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
First Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  137
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V102
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 2
Definition: This data element represents the second character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_2.
SAS Name: VIN_2
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Second Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  138
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V103
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 3
Definition: This data element represents the third character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_3.
SAS Name: VIN_3
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Third Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  139
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V104
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 4
Definition: This data element represents the fourth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_4.
SAS Name: VIN_4
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Fourth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  140
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V105
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 5
Definition: This data element represents the fifth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_5.
SAS Name: VIN_5
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Fifth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  141
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V106
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 6
Definition: This data element represents the sixth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_6.
SAS Name: VIN_6
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Sixth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  142
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V107
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 7
Definition: This data element represents the seventh character in the VIN string for this
vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_7.
SAS Name: VIN_7
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Seventh Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  143
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V108
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 8
Definition: This data element represents the eighth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_8.
SAS Name: VIN_8
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Eighth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  144
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V109
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 9
Definition: This data element represents the ninth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_9.
SAS Name: VIN_9
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Ninth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  145
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V110
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 10
Definition: This data element represents the tenth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_10.
SAS Name: VIN_10
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
x
Tenth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  146
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V111
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 11
Definition: This data element represents the eleventh character in the VIN string for this
vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_11.
SAS Name: VIN_11
Attribute Codes
1994-Later
x
Eleventh Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  147
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V112
The VEHICLE Data File
VIN Character 12
Definition: This data element represents the twelfth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Parkwork data set as PVIN_12.
SAS Name: VIN_12
Attribute Codes
1994-Later
x
Twelfth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  148
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V150
The VEHICLE Data File
Fatalities in Vehicle (Number)
Definition: This derived data element records the number of fatalities that occurred in this
vehicle and is derived by counting all persons with “Injury Severity” of 4 in the vehicle.
Additional Information: The data element “Fatalities” in the Accident data file provides the
number of deaths for the entire crash.
This is a derived data element and is not coded on the form directly. In 1976, this value is
always set to 0.
This data element also appears in the Parkwork data file as PDEATHS.
SAS Name: DEATHS
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
01-99
Number of Fatalities that Occurred in the Vehicle.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  149
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V151
The VEHICLE Data File
Driver Drinking
Definition: This data element records whether the driver was drinking and is derived from data
elements in the Vehicle and Person data files.
Additional Information: Data from the Vehicle and Person data files are analyzed and if there
is "sufficient information" to conclude that a driver was drinking, i.e., positive BAC data or policereported alcohol involvement, then a driver is classified as drinking.
Note that alcohol data is often missing. For that reason this data element may under-count the
actual number of drinking drivers. For detailed analysis of alcohol involvement, the Alcohol data
files should be used.
A driver who is charged with an alcohol violation does not by itself make the driver a "drinking
driver" by this definition.
SAS Name: DR_DRINK
Attribute Codes
19751981
0
1
9
1982Later
0
1
--
No Drinking
Drinking
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  150
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D4
The VEHICLE Data File
Driver Presence
Definition: This data element identifies whether a driver was present in this vehicle at the
onset of the unstabilized situation.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DR_PRES
Attribute Codes
19751977
-1
-2
----
19782008
-1
--2
3
4
2009Later
0
-1
-----
--
4
--
9
9
9
No Driver Present/Not Applicable
Driver Operated Vehicle
Yes
No Driver
Driverless (No Driver)
Driver Left Scene
Motor Vehicle not In-Transport (Parked/Stopped Off Roadway/
Working Motor Vehicle/In Motion Outside Trafficway, 2008 Only)
Motor Vehicle not In-Transport (Parked/Stopped Off
Roadway/Working/ In Motion Outside Trafficway, 2005-2007)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  151
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D5
Driver’s License State
The VEHICLE Data File
(FARS Only)
Definition: This element identifies the state of issue for the license held by this driver.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: L_STATE
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
01 Alabama
02 Alaska
03 American Samoa
04 Arizona
05 Arkansas
06 California
08 Colorado
09 Connecticut
10 Delaware
11 District of Columbia
12 Florida
13 Georgia
14 Guam
15 Hawaii
16 Idaho
17 Illinois
18 Indiana
19 Iowa
20 Kansas
21 Kentucky
22 Louisiana
23 Maine
24 Maryland
25 Massachusetts
26 Michigan
27 Minnesota
28 Mississippi
29 Missouri
00
93
94
94
95
96
97
98
99
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Virgin Islands (Since 2004)
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
No Driver Present (Since 2010)
Indian Nation (Since 2009)
Military (1975-2006)
U.S. Government (Since 2007)
Canada
Mexico
Other Foreign Country
Not reported (Since 2010)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  152
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D6
The VEHICLE Data File
Driver’s ZIP Code
Definition: This data element records the zip code of the driver’s address as listed in the case
material.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: DR_ZIP
Attribute Codes
19872010
00000
xxxxx
-99999
2011Later
00000
xxxxx
99997
99999
Not a Resident of U. S. or Territories
Actual Zip Code, Five Numeric
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  153
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D7
Non-CDL License Type/Status
D7A
Non-CDL License Type
The VEHICLE Data File
Definition: This data element identifies the type of license held by this driver at the time of the
crash.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: L_TYPE
Attribute Codes
20042010
0
1
2
-7
8
9
D7B
2011Later
0
1
2
6
7
8
9
Not Licensed
Full Driver License
Intermediate Driver License
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Learner’s Permit
Temporary License
Unknown License Type
Non-CDL License Status
Definition: This data element identifies the status of the driver’s license at the time of the
crash.
Additional Information: For 1975-1981, values 3 and 7 make up the valid license category.
For 1982-1986, values 2, 7, and 8 are all valid license categories. For 1987-1992, values 5, 6, 7
and 8 make up the valid license category.
Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was unknown, then this data
element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: L_STATUS
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
0
None Required
1
No License, License Required
2
Licensed, But Not for This Type Vehicle
3
Valid License for This Type Vehicle
4
Suspended License
5
Revoked License
6
Expired License
7
Learner's Permit
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  154
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D7B
Non- CDL License Status
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19821986
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
---7
---
19871992
-0
--1
2
3
4
5
6
-7
---
19932003
-0
--1
2
3
4
--6
-7
--
20042009
-0
--1
2
3
4
--6
----
2010
-0
--1
2
3
4
--6
----
2011Later
-0
--1
2
3
4
--6
--7
8
9
--
8
9
--
8
9
--
--9
--9
--9
None Required
Not Licensed
None
Valid
Suspended
Revoked
Expired
Cancelled or Denied
Single-Class License
Multiple-Class License
Valid License
Learner's Permit
Learner's Permit/Restricted
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver
Present
Temporary
Unknown
Unknown License Status
More Information on Driver License Status/Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  155
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D8
The VEHICLE Data File
Commercial Motor Vehicle License Status
Definition: This data element indicates the status of the driver’s Commercial Driver’s License
(CDL) if applicable.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: CDL_STAT
Attribute Codes
1991-1992
0
No Commercial Driver's License (CDL Not Required)
1
No CDL (CDL Required)
2
No CDL (Unknown if CDL Required)
3
CDL (CDL Not Required)
4
CDL (CDL REQUIRED)
5
CDL (Unknown if CDL Required)
6
Unknown CDL (CDL Not Required)
7
Unknown CDL (CDL Required)
9
Unknown CDL (Unknown if CDL Required)
19932009
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
----
2010
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
--98
99
2011
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-97
98
99
2012Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-97
-99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Commercial Driver's License (CDL)
Suspended
Revoked
Expired
Cancelled or Denied
Disqualified
Valid
Learner's Permit
Other – Not Valid
Unknown CDL
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Not Reported
Unknown License Status
Data Element Definitions and Codes  156
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D9
The VEHICLE Data File
Compliance with CDL Endorsements
Definition: This data element identifies whether the vehicle driven at the time of the crash
required endorsement(s) on a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) and whether this driver was
complying with the CDL endorsements.
Additional Information: Data was not collected prior to 1991.
Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was unknown, then this data
element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: L_ENDORS
Attribute Codes
19912009
0
1
2
3
--9
2010
0
1
2
3
-8
9
2011
0
1
2
3
7
8
9
2012Later
0
1
2
3
7
-9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Endorsements Required For This Vehicle
Endorsement(s) Required, Complied With
Endorsement(s) Required, Not Complied With
Endorsement(s) Required, Compliance Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Not Reported
Unknown, if Required
Data Element Definitions and Codes  157
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D10
The VEHICLE Data File
License Compliance with Class of Vehicle
Definition: This data element identifies the type of license possessed or not possessed by this
driver for the class of vehicle being driven at the time of the crash.
Additional Information: Data not available before 1982.
Since 2004, this data element addresses license compliance with class of vehicle.
Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was unknown, then this data
element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: L_CL_VEH
L_COMPL
1982-1986
1987-Later
1982-1986
0
No License Required
1
No License, License Required
2
Valid License for This Class Vehicle Only
3
One Valid License, but Not for This Class Vehicle
4
Multiple Class Licenses, Valid License for This Class Vehicle
5
Multiple Class Licenses, Not Valid License for This Class Vehicle
9
Unknown
19871992
0
1
2
3
----
19932009
0
1
2
3
--8
2010
0
1
2
3
-7
8
2011
0
1
2
3
6
7
8
2012Later
0
1
2
3
6
-8
9
9
9
9
9
Not Licensed
No License Required for This Class Vehicle
No Valid License for This Class Vehicle
Valid License for This Class Vehicle
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Not Reported
Unknown if CDL and/or CDL Endorsement
Required for This Vehicle
Unknown
More Information on Driver License Type Compliance
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  158
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D11
The VEHICLE Data File
Compliance with License Restrictions
Definition: This data element indicates whether this driver was compliant with restrictions on
their license.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: L_RESTRI
Attribute Codes
19752009
0
1
2
3
--9
2010
0
1
2
3
-8
9
2011
0
1
2
3
7
8
9
2012Later
0
1
2
3
7
-9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Restrictions or Not Applicable
Restrictions Complied With
Restrictions Not Complied With
Restrictions, Compliance Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  159
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D12
The VEHICLE Data File
Driver Height
Definition: This data element identifies this driver's height (in inches).
Additional Information: This information was coded in 2 sub fields which are in Feet or in
Inches. If both the Driver Height in Feet and Driver Height in Inches are known then we do the
conversion using (Feet)*12 + inches; If Feet is Unknown or if Inches are 98 (Other) or 99
(Unknown) then DR_HGT=999 (Unknown). Minimum height 2 feet = 24 inches, Maximum height
8 feet 11 inches = 107 inches.
In 2009, if feet and/or inches are unknown (9,99) or blank then the Driver Height is left blank.
However in 2010, if feet and/or inches are unknown (9,99) then the Driver Height is computed
as 999 (Unknown). The Driver Presence data element is not taken into account. In 2011, if feet
and/or inches are unknown (9,99) and Driver Presence is 1, then the Driver Height is computed
as 999 (Unknown) otherwise Driver Height is computed as 998 (No Driver Present/Unknown if
Driver Present).
SAS Name: DR_HGT
Attribute Codes
19982010
24-107
-999
2011Later
24-107
998
999
Actual Height in Inches
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  160
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D13
The VEHICLE Data File
Driver Weight
Definition: This data element identifies this driver's weight (in pounds).
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: DR_WGT
Attribute Codes
19982010
40-700
-998
999
2011Later
40-700
997
998
999
Actual Weight in Pounds
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Other
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  161
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D14
The VEHICLE Data File
Previous Recorded Crashes
Definition: This data element records any previous crashes for this driver that occurred within
three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: PREV_ACC
Attribute Codes
19751993
00
01-97
98
-99
--
19942010
00
01-97
-98
99
--
2011Later
00
01-97
-98
99
998
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
None
Actual Value
CDL Disqualified
Not Reported on Driving Record
Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Data Element Definitions and Codes  162
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D15
The VEHICLE Data File
Previous Recorded Suspensions and Revocations
Definition: This data element records any previous license suspensions or revocations for this
driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: If a driver has been disqualified for a CDL this event is recorded in
Previous Recorded Suspensions and Revocations.
Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was unknown, then this data
element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: PREV_SUS
Attribute Codes
19751993
00
01-97
98
99
--
19942010
00
01-97
-99
--
2011Later
00
1-97
-99
998
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
None
Actual Value
CDL Disqualified
Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Data Element Definitions and Codes  163
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D16
The VEHICLE Data File
Previous DWI Convictions
Definition: This data element records any previous DWI convictions for this driver that
occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: PREV_DWI
Attribute Codes
19751993
00
01-97
98
99
--
19942010
00
01-97
-99
--
2011Later
00
01-97
-99
998
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
None
Actual Value
CDL Disqualified
Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Data Element Definitions and Codes  164
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D17
The VEHICLE Data File
Previous Speeding Convictions
Definition: This data element records any previous speeding convictions for this driver that
occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Speeding violations count going too slow, as well as going too fast.
Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was unknown, then this data
element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: PREV_SPD
Attribute Codes
19751993
00
01-97
98
99
--
19942010
00
01-97
-99
--
2011Later
00
01-97
-99
998
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
None
Actual Value
CDL Disqualified
Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Data Element Definitions and Codes  165
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D18
The VEHICLE Data File
Previous Other Harmful Moving Violation Convictions
Definition: This data element records any other previous moving violations or convictions for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: PREV_OTH
Attribute Codes
19751993
00
01-97
98
99
--
19942010
00
01-97
-99
--
2011Later
00
01-97
-99
998
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
None
Actual Value
CDL Disqualified
Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Data Element Definitions and Codes  166
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VEHICLE Data File
D19
Date of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
D19A
Month of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Definition: This data element records the month of the first crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: FIRST_MO
Attribute Codes
19752010
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
-99
2011Later
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
98
99
No Record
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  167
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D19B
The VEHICLE Data File
Year of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Definition: This data element records the year of the first crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: FIRST_YR
Attribute Codes
19751997
00
xx
-99
19982010
0000
xxxx
-9999
2011Later
0000
xxxx
9998
9999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Record
Actual Year
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  168
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VEHICLE Data File
D20
Date of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
D20A
Month of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Definition: This data element records the month of the last crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: LAST_MO
Attribute Codes
19752010
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
-99
2011Later
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
98
99
No Record
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  169
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D20B
The VEHICLE Data File
Year of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
Definition: This data element records the year of the last crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.).
SAS Name: LAST_YR
Attribute Codes
19751997
00
xx
-99
19982010
0000
xxxx
-9999
2011Later
0000
xxxx
9998
9999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Record
Actual Year
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  170
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D22
The VEHICLE Data File
Speeding Related
Definition: This data element records whether the driver's speed was related to the crash as
indicated by law enforcement.
Additional Information: Prior to 2011, if no driver was present or the driver presence was
unknown, then this data element was left blank. In SAS, these blank values are represented by
a single dot or period (.). Prior to 2013, this data element was called “Speed Related.”
SAS Name: SPEEDREL
Attribute Codes
20092010
0
1
-----9
20112012
0
1
----8
9
2013Later
0
-2
3
4
5
8
9
No
Yes
Yes, Racing
Yes, Exceeded Speed Limit
Yes, Too Fast for Conditions
Yes, Specifics Unknown
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Unknown
More Information on Speeding
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  171
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
The VEHICLE Data File
Related Factors- Driver Level
Definition: This data element records factors related to this driver expressed by the
investigating officer.
Additional Information: There are also crash-level related factors in the Accident data file
(CF1, CF2, and CF3), vehicle-level related factors in the Vehicle data file (VEH_SC1 and
VEH_SC2), and person-level related factors in the Person data file (P_SF1, P_SF2, and
P_SF3).
The person-related factors P_SF1, P_SF2, and P_SF3 are all set to 0 for drivers.
The FARS Analyst may have used any of the three data elements (1975-1996) or four data
elements (1997-later) to code a driver-related factor. One must test all of these data elements
to ensure that the selected related factor is included.
Early data files are not consistent with the documentation of the time. The following
interpretation is suggested for current/future analysis.
A police pursuit is an event that is initiated when a law enforcement officer, operating an
authorized emergency vehicle, gives notice to stop (either through the use of visual or audible
emergency signals or a combination of emergency devices) to a motorist who the officer is
attempting to apprehend and that motorist fails to comply with the signal by either maintaining
speed, increasing speed, or taking other evasive action to elude the officer's continued attempts
to stop the motorist. This is recorded if any “Related Factor – Driver Level” is coded as 37.
From 1975 to 1981, see “Related Factors- Crash Level” for attributes under Swerving Due To
and Vision Obscured By.
Some information that had been collected under “Related Factors- Driver Level” is now captured
in “Condition (Impairment) at Time of Crash- Driver or in two Non-Motor Vehicle Occupant data
elements; “Non-Motorist Action/Circumstances Prior to Crash” and “Non-Motorist
Action/Circumstances at Time of Crash.”
SAS Name: DR_CF1, DR_CF2, DR_CF3
DR_CF1, DR_CF2, DR_CF3, DR_CF4
DR_SF1, DR_SF2, DR_SF3, DR_SF4
1975-1996
1997-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
00
None
PHYSICAL/MENTAL CONDITION
01
Drowsy, Sleepy, Asleep, Fatigued
02
Ill, Blackout
03
Depression
04
Reaction to Drugs- Medication
05
Other Drugs (Marijuana, Cocaine, etc.)
06
Inattentive (Talking, Eating, etc.)
07
Physical Impairments
08
Died Prior to Crash
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  172
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
MISCELLANEOUS CAUSES
20
Leaving Vehicle Unattended with Engine Running Leaving Vehicle Unattended in
Roadway
21
Overloading or Improper Loading of Vehicle with Passengers or Cargo
22
Towing or Pushing Vehicle Improperly
23
Failing to Dim Lights or to Have Lights on When Required
24
Operating Without Required Equipment
25
Creating Unlawful Noise or using Equipment Prohibited by Law
26
Following Improperly
27
Improper or Erratic Lane Changing
28
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane or Running off Road
29
Illegal Driving on Road Shoulder, in Ditch or Sidewalk or on Median
30
Making Improper Entry to or Exit from Trafficway
31
Starting or Backing Improperly
32
Opening Vehicle Closure into Moving Traffic or Vehicle is in Motion
33
Passing Where Prohibited by Posted Signs, Pavement Markings, Hill or Curve, or
School Bus Displaying Warning Not to Pass
34
Passing on Wrong Side
35
Passing with Insufficient Distance or Inadequate Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle
36
Operating the Vehicle in an Erratic, Reckless, Careless, or Negligent Manner
37
High-Speed Chase with Police in Pursuit (Since 1978)
38
Failure to Yield Right of Way
39
Failure to Obey Traffic Signs, Traffic Control Devices or Traffic Officers, Failure to
Observe Safety Zone
40
Passing Through or Around Barrier
41
Failure to Observe Warnings or Instructions on Vehicle Displaying Them
42
Failure to Signal Intentions
43
Giving Wrong Signal
44
Driving Too Fast for Conditions or in Excess of Posted Speed Limit
45
Driving Less Than Posted Maximum
46
Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds
47
Making Right Turn from Left Turn-Lane; Making Left-Turn from Right-Turn Lane
48
Making Improper Turn
49
Failure to Comply With Physical Restrictions of License
50
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Trafficway
51
Driving on Wrong Side of Road
52
Operator Inexperience
53
Unfamiliar With Roadway
54
Stopping in Roadway (Since 1979)
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  173
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1982- 20102009 Later
00
00
None
PHYSICAL/MENTAL CONDITION
01
-Drowsy, Sleepy, Asleep, Fatigued
02
-Ill, Passed Out/Blackout
03
-Emotional (e.g., Depression, Angry, Disturbed)
04
04
Reaction to or Failure to Take Drugs/Medication
05
-Other Drugs (Marijuana, Cocaine, etc., 1982-1994)
05
-Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs, or Medication (Since 2003)
06
-Inattentive/Careless (Talking, Eating, Car Phones, etc.)
-06
Careless Driving (Since 2012)
07
-Restricted to Wheelchair
08
-Paraplegic (1982-1994, See Data element 11)
08
08
Road Rage/Aggressive Driving (Since 2004)
09
-Impaired Due to Previous Injury
10
-Deaf (1982-1994)
11
-Other Physical Impairment (Includes Paraplegic Since 1995)
12
12
Mother of Dead Fetus/Mother of Infant Born Post Crash
13
13
Mentally Challenged (Since 1995)
14
-Failure to Take Drugs/Medication (1995-2004)
15
15
Seat Back Not in Normal Position, Seat Back Reclined (Since 2002)
MISCELLANEOUS FACTORS
16
16
Police or Law Enforcement Officer (Since 2002)
17
-Running off Road (2000-2003)
18
18
Traveling on Prohibited Trafficways (Since 1995)
19
19
Legally Driving on Suspended or Revoked License
20
20
Leaving Vehicle Unattended with Engine Running; Leaving Vehicle
Unattended in Roadway
21
21
Overloading or Improper Loading of Vehicle with Passenger or Cargo
22
22
Towing or Pushing Vehicle Improperly
23
23
Failing to Dim Lights or to Have Lights on When Required
24
24
Operating Without Required Equipment
25
-Creating Unlawful Noise or Using Equipment Prohibited by Law
26
26
Following Improperly
27
27
Improper or Erratic Lane Changing
28
-Failure to Keep in Proper Lane or Running off Road (1982-1999)
28
28
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane (Since 2000)
29
29
Illegal Driving on Road Shoulder, in Ditch, or Sidewalk, or on Median
30
30
Making Improper Entry to or Exit from Trafficway
31
31
Starting or Backing Improperly
32
32
Opening Vehicle Closure into Moving Traffic or Vehicle is in Motion
33
33
Passing Where Prohibited by Posted Signs, Pavement Markings, Hill or
Curve, or School Bus Displaying Warning Not to Pass
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  174
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
34
35
2010Later
34
35
36
36
37
-38
39
-37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
40
41
42
43
--
44
45
46
46
46
47
-45
---47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
48
-50
51
52
53
54
--57
58
59
--
Passing on Wrong Side
Passing with Insufficient Distance or Inadequate Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle
Operating the Vehicle in an Erratic, Reckless, Careless or Negligent Manner
or Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds
High-Speed Chase with Police in Pursuit (See Police Pursuit Note)
Police Pursuing this Driver or Police Officer in Pursuit
Failure to Yield Right of Way
Failure to Obey Actual Traffic Signs, Traffic Control Devices or Traffic
Officers, Failure to Observe Safety Zone Traffic Laws
Passing Through or Around Barrier
Failure to Observe Warnings or Instructions on Vehicle Displaying Them
Failure to Signal Intentions
Driving too Fast for Conditions (2008 Only)
Driving too Fast for Conditions or in Excess of Posted Speed Limit (19822007)
Driving in Excess of Posted Speed Limit (2008 Only)
Driving Less Than Posted Maximum
Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds (1982-1994)
Not Used (1995-1997)
Racing (1998-2008)
Making Right Turn from Left-Turn Lane or Making Left Turn from Right-Turn
Lane
Making Improper Turn
Failure to Comply With Physical Restrictions of License (1982-2004)
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Trafficway
Driving on Wrong Side of Road (Intentionally or Unintentionally)
Operator Inexperience
Unfamiliar With Roadway
Stopping in Roadway (Vehicle Not Abandoned)
Underriding a Parked Truck (1982-2008)
Improper Tire Pressure (1982-2005)
Locked Wheel
Over Correcting
Getting Off/Out of or On/In to Moving Vehicle
Getting Off/Out of or On/In to Non-Moving Vehicle (1982-2004)
VISION OBSCURED BY
61
-Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust (1982-2008)
62
-Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights (1982-2008)
63
-Curve, Hill, or Other Design Features (Including Traffic Signs, Embankment
1982-2008)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  175
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
2010Later
-----------
Building, Billboard, etc. (1982-2008)
Trees, Crops, Vegetation (1982-2008)
Motor Vehicle (Including Load 1982-2008)
Parked Vehicle (1982-2008)
Splash or Spray of Passing Vehicle (1982-2008)
Inadequate Defrost or Defog System (1982-2008)
Inadequate Vehicle Lighting System (1982-2008)
Obstructing Angles on Vehicle (1982-2008)
Mirrors- Rear View (1982-2008)
Mirrors- Other (1982-2001)
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
73
73
Driver Has Not Complied with Learners Permit or Intermediate Driver License
Restrictions (GDL Restrictions, Since 2004)
74
-Head Restraints (1982-2001)
74
74
Driver Has Not Complied With Physical or Other Imposed Restrictions (Since
2004)
75
-Broken or Improperly Cleaned Windshield (1982-2008)
76
-Other Obstruction (1982-2008)
SKIDDING, SWERVING, OR SLIDING DUE TO
77
77
Severe Crosswind
78
78
Wind from Passing Truck
79
79
Slippery or Loose Surface
80
80
Tire Blow-Out or Flat
81
81
Debris or Objects in Road
82
82
Ruts, Holes, Bumps in Road
83
83
Live Animals in Road
84
84
Vehicle in Road
85
85
Phantom Vehicle
86
86
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist, or Other Non-Motorist in Road
87
87
Ice, Water, Snow, Slush, Sand, Dirt, Oil, Wet Leaves on Road
88
88
Trailer Fishtailing or Swaying (Since 2001)
OTHER MISCELLANEOUS FACTORS
89
-Carrying Hazardous Cargo Improperly (1994-2009)
-89
Driver has a Driving Record or Driver’s License from More than One State
90
-Hit-and-Run Vehicle Driver
91
91
Non-Traffic Violation Charged (Manslaughter, Homicide or Other Assault
Offense Committed Without Malice, Since 1986)
92
92
Other Non-Moving Traffic Violation (1986-2011)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  176
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
2010Later
POSSIBLE DISTRACTIONS INSIDE VEHICLE
93
-Cellular Telephone (Since 1991)
94
-Fax Machine (1991-2001)
94
-Cellular Telephone in Use in Vehicle (Since 2002)
95
-Computer (1991-2001)
95
-Computer Fax Machines/Printers (Since 2002)
96
-On-Board Navigation System (Since 1991)
97
-Two-Way Radio (Since 1991)
98
-Head-Up Display (Since 1991)
99
99
Unknown
More Information on Police Pursuits
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  177
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC5
The VEHICLE Data File
Trafficway Description
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the trafficway flow just
prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VTRAFWAY
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
Non-Trafficway Area
Non-Trafficway or Driveway Access
Two-Way, Not Divided
Two-Way, Divided, Unprotected (Painted > 4 Feet) Median
Two-Way, Divided, Positive Median Barrier
One-Way Trafficway
Two-Way, Not Divided With a Continuous Left-Turn Lane
Entrance/Exit Ramp
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  178
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC6
The VEHICLE Data File
Total Lanes in Roadway
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the number of travel
lanes just prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: The number of lanes refers to the number of lanes of a continuous
cross-section of roadway. For example, a local roadway with one lane going north and one lane
going south would be coded as two lanes. However, if a trafficway is a divided highway with
two lanes going north, a median, and two lanes going south, then the number of lanes is coded
as two. If a trafficway has two lanes going north immediately adjacent to two lanes going south,
one continuous cross-section of roadway, then the number of lanes is coded as four. This data
element can be used with the Trafficway Description data element VTRAFWAY to determine the
trafficway geometry. For example: If (VNUM_LAN= 2) AND (VTRAFWAY=1), then one has a
two-lane roadway that is not physically divided, which is what most people think of as a two-lane
road (i.e., one lane going in each direction).
If the roadway is a divided trafficway, the number of travel lanes counts only lanes in the
direction of travel of the first harmful event. If the roadway is an undivided trafficway, the number
of travel lanes are all the lanes regardless of their direction of travel.
In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident level. It is now collected at
the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VNUM_LAN
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Non-Trafficway Area
Non-Trafficway or Driveway Access
One Lane
Two Lanes
Three Lanes
Four Lanes
Five Lanes
Six Lanes
Seven or More Lanes
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  179
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC7
The VEHICLE Data File
Speed Limit
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the speed limit just
prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VSPD_LIM
Attribute Codes
2010
0
-1-97
-98
99
20112012
0
--5-80
98
99
2013Later
-0
-5-80
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Statutory Limit/Non-Trafficway Area
No Statutory Limit/Non-Trafficway or Driveway Access
Speed Limit (mph)
Speed Limit (5 mph Increments)
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  180
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC8
The VEHICLE Data File
Roadway Alignment
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway
alignment prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VALIGN
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
8
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
8
9
Non-Trafficway Area
Non-Trafficway or Driveway Access
Straight
Curve Right
Curve Left
Curve – Unknown Direction
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  181
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC9
The VEHICLE Data File
Roadway Grade
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway grade
prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
Prior to 2010, this data element was called Roadway Profile.
SAS Name: VPROFILE
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
Non-Trafficway Area
Non-Trafficway or Driveway Access
Level
Grade, Unknown Slope
Hillcrest
Sag (Bottom)
Uphill
Downhill
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  182
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC10
The VEHICLE Data File
Roadway Surface Type
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway surface
type prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VPAVETYP
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
Non-Trafficway Area
Non-Trafficway or Driveway Access
Concrete
Blacktop, Bituminous, or Asphalt
Brick or Block
Slag, Gravel or Stone
Dirt
Other
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  183
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC11
The VEHICLE Data File
Roadway Surface Condition
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best represents the roadway surface
condition prior to this vehicle’s critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VSURCOND
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
98
99
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
98
99
Non-Trafficway Area
Non-Trafficway Area or Driveway Access
Dry
Wet
Snow
Ice/Frost
Sand
Water (Standing or Moving)
Oil
Other
Slush
Mud, Dirt, Gravel
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  184
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC12
The VEHICLE Data File
Traffic Control Device
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the traffic controls in
the vehicle's environment just prior to this vehicle's critical precrash event.
Additional Information: In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident
level. It is now collected at the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VTRAFCON
Attribute Codes
2010
0
2011Later
0
No Controls
TRAFFIC SIGNALS
1
1
Traffic Control Signal (On Colors) Without Pedestrian Signal
2
2
Traffic Control Signal (On Colors) With Pedestrian Signal
3
3
Traffic Control Signal (On Colors) Not Known if Pedestrian Signal
4
4
Flashing Traffic Control Signal
8
8
Other Highway Traffic Signal
9
9
Unknown Highway Traffic Signal
REGULATORY SIGNS
7
7
Lane Use Control Signal
20
20
Stop Sign
21
21
Yield Sign
28
28
Other Regulatory Sign
29
29
Unknown Regulatory Sign
32
23
School Zone Sign/Device
40
40
Warning Sign
50
65
97
98
99
50
65
97
98
99
Person
Railway Crossing Device
Not Reported
Other
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  185
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC13
The VEHICLE Data File
Traffic Control Device Functioning
Definition: This data element identifies the functionality of the traffic control device recorded for
this vehicle in the data element “Traffic Control Device.”
Additional Information: Data not collected prior to 1982.
In 2010, this data element was no longer collected at the Accident level. It is now collected at
the Vehicle level.
SAS Name: VTCONT_F
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
0
No Controls
1
Device Not Functioning
2
Device Functioning – Functioning Improperly
3
Device Functioning Properly
8
Not Reported
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  186
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC17
The VEHICLE Data File
Pre-Event Movement (Prior To Recognition of Critical Event)
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes this vehicle's activity
prior to the driver's realization of an impending critical event or just prior to impact if the driver
took no action or had no time to attempt any evasive maneuvers.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: P_CRASH1
Attribute Codes
2010
0
-1
2
-3
-4
-5
-6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
98
99
20112012
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
98
99
2013Later
-0
1
-2
-3
-4
-5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
98
99
No Driver Present
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Going Straight
Decelerating in Traffic Lane
Decelerating in Road
Accelerating in Traffic Lane
Accelerating in Road
Starting in Traffic Lane
Starting in Road
Stopped in Traffic Lane
Stopped in Roadway
Passing or Overtaking Another Vehicle
Disabled or Parked in Travel Lane
Leaving a Parking Position
Entering a Parking Position
Turning Right
Turning Left
Making a U-Turn
Backing Up (Other Than For Parking Position)
Negotiating a Curve
Changing Lanes
Merging
Successful Avoidance Maneuver to a Previous Critical Event
Other
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  187
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC19
The VEHICLE Data File
Critical Event- Precrash
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the critical event which
made this crash imminent (i.e., something occurred which made the collision possible).
Additional Information:
SAS Name: P_CRASH2
Attribute Codes
20112010 Later
THIS VEHICLE LOSS OF CONTROL DUE TO:
1
1
Blow Out/Flat Tire
2
2
Stalled Engine
3
3
Disabling Vehicle Failure (e.g., Wheel Fell Off)
4
4
Non-Disabling Vehicle Problem (e.g., Hood Flew Up)
5
5
Poor Road Conditions (Puddle, Pothole, Ice, etc.)
6
6
Traveling Too Fast For Conditions
8
8
Other Cause of Control Loss
9
9
Unknown Cause of Control Loss
THIS VEHICLE TRAVELING
10
10
Over the Lane Line on Left Side of Travel Lane
11
11
Over the Lane Line on Right Side of Travel Lane
12
12
Off the Edge of the Road on the Left Side
13
13
Off the Edge of the Road on the Right Side
14
14
End Departure
15
-Turning Left at Intersection
-15
Turning Left at Junction
16
-Turning Right at Intersection
-16
Turning Right at Junction
17
17
Crossing Over (Passing Through) Intersection
18
18
This Vehicle Decelerating
19
19
Unknown Travel Direction
OTHER MOTOR VEHICLE IN LANE
50
50
Other Vehicle Stopped
51
51
Traveling In Same Direction with Lower or Steady Speed
52
52
Traveling In Same Direction while Decelerating
53
53
Traveling In Same Direction with Higher Speed
54
54
Traveling In Opposite Direction
55
55
In Crossover
56
56
Backing
59
59
Unknown Travel Direction of the Other Motor Vehicle in Lane
OTHER MOTOR VEHICLE ENCROACHING INTO LANE
60
60
From Adjacent Lane (Same Direction) Over Left Lane Line
61
61
From Adjacent Lane (Same Direction) Over Right Lane Line
62
62
From Opposite Direction Over Left Lane Line
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  188
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC19
Critical Event- Precrash (Event)
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2010
63
64
65
66
67
68
70
71
72
73
74
78
2011Later
63
64
65
66
67
68
70
71
72
73
74
78
From Opposite Direction Over Right Lane Line
From Parking Lane, Median, Shoulder, Roadside
From Crossing Street, Turning Into Same Direction
From Crossing Street, Across Path
From Crossing Street, Turning Into Opposite Direction
From Crossing Street, Intended Path Unknown
From Driveway, Turning Into Same Direction
From Driveway, Across Path
From Driveway, Turning Into Opposite Direction
From Driveway, Intended Path Unknown
From Entrance to Limited Access Highway
Encroachment by Other Vehicle – Details Unknown
PEDESTRIAN OR PEDALCYCLIST OR OTHER NON-MOTORIST
80
-Pedestrian in Roadway
-80
Pedestrian in Road
81
-Pedestrian Approaching Roadway
-81
Pedestrian Approaching Road
82
82
Pedestrian Unknown Location
83
-Pedalcyclist/Other Non-Motorist in Roadway
-83
Pedalcyclist/Other Non-Motorist in Road
84
-Pedalcyclist/Other Non-Motorist Approaching Roadway
-84
Pedalcyclist/Other Non-Motorist Approaching Road
85
85
Pedalcyclist/Other Non-Motorist Unknown Location
OBJECT OR ANIMAL
87
-Animal in Roadway
-87
Animal in Road
88
-Animal Approaching Roadway
-88
Animal Approaching Road
89
89
Animal – Unknown Location
90
-Object in Roadway
-90
Object in Road
91
-Object Approaching Roadway
-91
Object Approaching Road
92
92
Object Unknown Location
OTHER
98
98
99
99
Other Critical Precrash Event
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  189
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC20
The VEHICLE Data File
Attempted Avoidance Maneuver
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the movements/actions
taken by this driver, within a critical crash envelope, in response to the “Critical Precrash Event.”
Additional Information: This data element identifies the actions taken by the driver in
response to the impending danger. Because this data element focuses upon the driver's action
just prior to the first harmful event it is coded independently of any maneuvers associated with
this vehicle's “Accident Type.”
SAS Name: P_CRASH3
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
98
99
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
98
99
No Driver Present
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
No Avoidance Maneuver
Braking (No Lockup)
Braking (Lockup)
Braking (Lockup Unknown)
Releasing Brakes
Steering Left
Steering Right
Braking and Steering Left
Braking and Steering Right
Accelerating
Accelerating and Steering Left
Accelerating and Steering Right
Other Actions
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  190
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC21
The VEHICLE Data File
Pre-Impact Stability
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the stability of this
vehicle after the “Critical Precrash Event,” but before the impact.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: PCRASH4
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
-7
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
7
9
No Driver Present
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Tracking
Skidding Longitudinally – Rotation Less Than 30 Degrees
Skidding Laterally – Clockwise Rotation
Skidding Laterally – Counterclockwise Rotation
Skidding Laterally – Rotation Direction Unknown
Other Vehicle Loss-of-Control
Precrash Stability Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  191
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC22
The VEHICLE Data File
Pre-Impact Location
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the location of this
vehicle after the “Critical Precrash Event,” but before the impact.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: PCRASH5
Attribute Codes
20102012
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
2013Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
No Driver Present
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Stayed In Original Travel Lane
Stayed On Roadway, But Left Original Travel Lane
Stayed On Roadway, Not Known if Left Original Travel Lane
Departed Roadway
Remained Off Roadway
Returned to Roadway
Entered Roadway
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  192
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC23
The VEHICLE Data File
Crash Type
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute that best describes the type of crash this
vehicle was involved in based on the “First Harmful Event” and the precrash circumstances. For
graphic descriptions of possible values see Appendix A: Accident Type Diagram.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: ACC_TYPE
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
0
No Impact
CATEGORY I: SINGLE DRIVER
CONFIGURATION A: RIGHT ROADSIDE DEPARTURE
1
Drive Off Road
2
Control/Traction Loss
3
Avoid Collision with Vehicle, Pedestrian, Animal
4
Specifics Other
5
Specifics Unknown
CONFIGURATION B: LEFT ROADSIDE DEPARTURE
6
Drive Off Road
7
Control/Traction Loss
8
Avoid Collision With Vehicle, Pedestrian, Animal
9
Specifics Other
10
Specifics Unknown
CONFIGURATION C: FORWARD IMPACT
11
Parked Vehicle
12
Stationary Object
13
Pedestrian/Animal
14
End Departure
15
Specifics Other
16
Specifics Unknown
CATEGORY II: SAME TRAFFICWAY, SAME DIRECTION
CONFIGURATION D: REAR END
20
Stopped
21
Stopped, Straight
22
Stopped, Left
23
Stopped, Right
24
Slower
25
Slower, Going Straight
26
Slower, Going Left
27
Slower, Going Right
28
Decelerating (Slowing)
29
Decelerating (Slowing), Going Straight
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  193
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC23
Crash Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
30
Decelerating (Slowing), Going Left
31
Decelerating (Slowing), Going Right
32
Specifics Other
33
Specifics Unknown
CONFIGURATION E: FORWARD IMPACT
34
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
35
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
36
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
37
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
38
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
39
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
40
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
41
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
42
Specifics Other
43
Specifics Unknown
CONFIGURATION F: SIDESWIPE/ANGLE
44
Straight Ahead on Left.
45
Straight Ahead on Left/Right.
46
Changing Lanes to the Right
47
Changing Lanes to the Left
48
Specifics Other
49
Specifics Unknown
CATEGORY III: SAME TRAFFICWAY, OPPOSITE DIRECTION
CONFIGURATION G: HEAD-ON
50
Lateral Move (Left/Right)
51
Lateral Move (Going Straight)
52
Specifics Other
53
Specifics Unknown
CONFIGURATION H: FORWARD IMPACT
54
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
55
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
56
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
57
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
58
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
59
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
60
This Vehicles Frontal Area Impacts Another Vehicle.
61
This Vehicle Is Impacted by Frontal Area of Another Vehicle
62
Specifics Other
63
Specifics Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  194
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC23
Crash Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
CONFIGURATION I: SIDESWIPE/ANGLE
64
Lateral Move (Left/Right)
65
Lateral Move (Going Straight)
66
Specifics Other
67
Specifics Unknown
CATEGORY IV: CHANGING TRAFFICWAY, VEHICLE TURNING
CONFIGURATION J: TURN ACROSS PATH
68
Initial Opposite Directions (Left/Right)
69
Initial Opposite Directions (Going Straight)
70
Initial Same Directions (Turning Right)
71
Initial Same Directions (Going Straight)
72
Initial Same Directions (Turning Left)
73
Initial Same Directions (Going Straight)
74
Specifics Other
75
Specifics Unknown
CONFIGURATION K: TURN INTO PATH
76
Turn Into Same Direction (Turning Left)
77
Turn Into Same Direction (Going Straight)
78
Turn Into Same Direction (Turning Right)
79
Turn Into Same Direction (Going Straight)
80
Turn Into Opposite Directions (Turning Right)
81
Turn Into Opposite Directions (Going Straight)
82
Turn Into Opposite Directions (Turning Left)
83
Turn Into Opposite Directions (Going Straight)
84
Specifics Other
85
Specifics Unknown
CATEGORY V: INTERSECTING PATHS (VEHICLE DAMAGE)
CONFIGURATION L: STRAIGHT PATHS
86
Striking from the Right
87
Struck on the Right
88
Striking from the Left
89
Struck on the Left
90
Specifics Other
91
Specifics Unknown
CATEGORY VI: MISCELLANEOUS
CONFIGURATION M: BACKING, ETC.
92
Backing Vehicle
93
Other Vehicle or Object (2010-2012)
93
Other Vehicle (2013-Later)
98
Other Crash Type
99
Unknown Crash Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  195
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VEHICLE Data File
Discontinued VEHICLE Data Elements
Axle
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element counts the total number of axles on the vehicle (and converter
dolly), including the trailing units (includes raised axles).
Additional Information: The major change in this data element from 1994 to 1995 is the count
of axles on the vehicle rather than the deployed axles on the ground. From 1991 to 1994, this
data element counts the total number of deployed axles on the ground for the vehicle including
trailing units. From 1995 to 2007, this data element counts the total number of axles on the
vehicle for the vehicle including trailing units.
This data element was discontinued after 2007.
SAS Name: AXLES
Attribute Codes
19911994
00
02-97
98
99
--
19952007
00
02-97
98
-99
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
Number of Axles
Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus, Number of Axles Unknown
Unknown Vehicle Type
Unknown if Light or Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  196
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Carburetion
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of barrels for the engine of this vehicle or a
code indicating that the engine is high-performance, fuel-injected, turbocharged, or
electronically-controlled.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V129, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PCARBUR.
SAS Name: CARBUR
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
0-8
Actual Number of Barrels
A
1 Barrel, Lower HP
B
1 Barrel, Higher HP
C
1 Barrel, Turbo
D
1 Barrel, Turbo Low HP
E
1 Barrel, Turbo High HP
F
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Fuel injection
G
1 Barrel, Electronically controlled
H
Number of Barrels Not Specified, High performance
J
2 Barrels, Lower HP
K
2 Barrels, Higher HP
L
2 Barrels, Turbo
M
2 Barrels, Turbo Low HP
N
2 Barrels, Turbo High HP
P
2 Barrels, Electronically controlled
Q
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Electronically controlled
R
4 Barrels, Electronically controlled
S
4 Barrels, Lower HP
T
1, 2 or 4 Barrels,Turbo Fuel Injected
U
4 Barrels, Higher HP
V
4 Barrels, Turbo
W
4 Barrels, Turbo Low HP
X
4 Barrels, Turbo High HP
Y
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Turbo
Z
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Super Charged
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  197
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Crash Avoidance Maneuver
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element is collected to indicate if an avoidance maneuver was taken by
the driver to avoid the crash.
Additional Information: AVOID is the maneuver that the driver executed to attempt to avoid
the crash. See VEH_MAN, Vehicle Maneuver, for the maneuver the driver was executing just
prior to entering a crash situation.
This data element was discontinued after 2009.
SAS Name: AVOID
Attribute Codes
1991-2009
0
No Avoidance Maneuver Reported
1
Braking (Skid Marks Evident)
2
Braking (No Skid Marks; Driver Stated)
3
Braking (Other Reported Evidence)
4
Steering (Evidence or Stated)
5
Steering and Braking (Evidence or Stated)
6
Other Avoidance Maneuver
8
Not Reported / (Inconclusive Since 1999, By Police)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  198
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Cubic Inch Displacement
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the manufacturer’s cubic inch displacement of the
engine pistons for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V127, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PDISPLACE.
SAS Name: DISPLACE
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxx
Actual Cubic Inch Displacement (cid)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  199
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Curb Weight
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the base weight of the series for this vehicle. This is
available for Passenger Type Vehicles only (VINTYPE='P').
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V118, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVIN_WGT.
SAS Name: VIN_WGT
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
0
1-9998
9999
Not Available
Actual weight of Automobile (lbs)
Unavailable
More Information on VIN Weight- Auto
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  200
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver Training
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element was discontinued after 1986.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DR_TRAIN
Attribute Codes
1975-1986
0
None
1
High School
2
Commercial
3
School Bus
4
Traffic School
5
Two or More Types
6
Training, Type Unknown (Since 1977)
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  201
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver’s Vision Obscured by
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records impediments to a driver’s visual field that were noted in
the case materials.
Additional Information: Most of these data elements can be found in “Related Factor – Driver
Level” from 1982 to 2008. This data element was added here in 2009. In 2010, the data
element was changed to identify all that apply in the crash and was therefore moved to its own
data file, Vision.
SAS Name: D_VISION1, D_VISION2, D_VISION3
Attribute Codes
2009
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
97
98
99
No Obstruction Noted
Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust
Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights
Curve, Hill, or Other Roadway Design Features
Building, Billboard, or Other Structure
Trees, Crops, Vegetation
In-Transport Motor Vehicle (Including Load)
Not-in-Transport Motor Vehicle (Parked, Working)
Splash or Spray of Passing Vehicle
Inadequate Defrost or Defog System
Inadequate Vehicle Lighting System
Obstructing Interior to the Vehicle
External Mirrors
Broken or Improperly Cleaned Windshield
Obstructing Angles on Vehicle
Vision Obscured – No Details
Other Visual Obstruction
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  202
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Fuel Code
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the fuel type for this vehicle determined by the
manufacturer specification and recommendation.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
Prior to 2010, this data element was derived for trucks only. Since 2010 this data element is
coded for all vehicles.
This data element, formerly V121, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PFUECODE.
SAS Name: FLDCD_TR
FUELCODE
1975-2009
2010-2012
Attribute Codes
19752009
-C
20102012
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
M
N
P
9
D
E
F
G
H
M
N
P
9
Electric and Gasoline Hybrid Engine
Gasoline Engine That Can Be Easily Converted to Gaseous-Powered Engine
(Powered by Natural Gas, Propane, etc.)
Diesel
Electric
Flexible Fuel
Gas
Ethanol Fuel Only
Methanol Gas Only
Compressed Natural Gas
Propane
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  203
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the presence of hazardous cargo for this vehicle and
records information about the hazardous cargo when present.
Additional Information: The data element HAZ_CARG is no longer in FARS. It has been
replaced with the following five data elements HAZ_INV, HAZ_PLAC, HAZ_ID, HAZ_CNO, and
HAZ_REL.
SAS Name: HAZ_CARG
Attribute Codes
19821990
0
1
---9
19912006
0
-1
2
3
9
No
Yes
Yes, Placarded
Yes, Not Placarded
Yes, Unknown if Placarded
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  204
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Most Damaged Area
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the area on this vehicle that was most damaged during
an event in the crash.
Additional Information: Prior to 2010 this data element was called “Principal Point of Impact.”
In 2010 and 2011 it was called “Most Damaged Area.” This data element was replaced with
“Damaged Areas” (MDAREAS) in 2012 which records all damaged areas to this vehicle in the
Damage data file.
The attributes Underride and Override were discontinued in 1993 and “Underride/Override”
became its own data element in 1994. Prior to 1994, the striking vehicle, not the vehicle struck,
determined the underride/override condition. After the crash, in the case of an override or
underride one vehicle is over the other. If the striking vehicle is over the other, then the crash is
an override. If the striking vehicle is under the other, the crash is an underride. See the
information under “Underride/Override” about using and interpreting the data element
UNDERIDE.
This data element also appears in the Person data file and in the Parkwork data file as
PIMPACT2.
SAS Name: IMPACT2
Attribute Codes
19751993
00
01-12
13
14
15
16
---------99
19942009
00
01-12
13
14
--18
--------99
20102011
00
01-12
13
14
---18
61
62
63
81
82
83
98
99
Non-Collision
Clock points
Top
Undercarriage
Underride (1980-1993)
Override (1982-1993)
This Vehicle Set Something in Motion Causing Injury or
Damage (Not a Clock Point, Since 2004)
Set-in-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Back Half
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Back Half
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Impact
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  205
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Motorcycle Dry Weight
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the dry weight of this motorcycle model.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V135, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PMCYCL_WT.
SAS Name: MCYCL_WT
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxxx Weight (lbs)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  206
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Motorcycle Engine Displacement (CC)
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the piston bore measured in cubic centimeters for this
motorcycle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V124, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PMCYCL_DS.
SAS Name: MCYCL_DS
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
xxxx Actual Displacement (cc)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  207
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Motorcycle Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This is the VINA Body Type (example, Dirt Bike).
Additional Information: This data element was discontinued in 1981.
SAS Name: MCYCL_TY
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
xx
Two-character representation of the motorcycle type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  208
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Cylinders
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of cylinders for the engine of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V128, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PCYLINDER.
SAS Name: CYLINDER
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
0-18 Number of Cylinders
R
Rotary Engine
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  209
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Motorcycle Engine Cycles
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of engine cycles for this motorcycle model.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V136, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PMCYCL_CY.
SAS Name: MCYCL_CY
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
2
Two-stroke engine
4
Four-stroke engine
R
Rotary engine
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  210
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Wheels/Drive Wheels
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of wheels/driving wheels for this truck
(trucks only, VINTYPE='T'). The length of this data element is two digits; the first position
represents the number of axles on the vehicle times two and the second position represents the
number of drive axles times two.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V130, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PWHLDRWHL.
SAS Name: WHLDRWHL
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xx
Number of Wheels (1st digit) followed by the Number of Drive Wheels (2nd digit)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  211
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Original Tire Size
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the manufacturer’s original equipment specified tire
size for the series of this vehicle. The length of this data element is six characters; the first two
positions represent rim size and the remaining four positions represent tire size.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V126, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PTIRE_SZE.
SAS Name: TIRE_SZE
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxxxxx
6-Character Tire Size
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  212
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Sequence of Events
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: The events in sequence related to this motor vehicle, regardless of injury and/or
property damage. Events for the vehicle are recorded in the order in which they occur, timewise, from the PAR narrative and diagram.
Additional Information: Starting in 2004, HARM_EV, M_HARM and the sequence of events
data elements have the save values. The harmful event values were modified to be consistent
with the sequence of event data elements.
SAS Name: SEQ1, SEQ2, SEQ3, SEQ4, SEQ5, SEQ6
Attribute Codes
2004-2009
01
Rollover/Overturn
02
Fire/Explosion
03
Immersion
04
Gas Inhalation
05
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
06
Injured in Vehicle
07
Other Non-Collision
08
Pedestrian
09
Pedalcycle
10
Railway Train
11
Animal
12
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Same Roadway
13
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Other Roadway
14
Parked Motor Vehicle
15
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
16
Thrown or Falling Object
17
Boulder
18
Other Object (Not Fixed)
19
Building
20
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
21
Bridge Pier or Abutment
22
Bridge Parapet End
23
Bridge Rail
24
Guardrail Face
25
Concrete Traffic Barrier
26
Other Traffic Barrier
27
Highway/Traffic Sign Post
28
Overhead Sign Support/Sign
29
Luminary/Light Support
30
Utility Pole
31
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
32
Culvert
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  213
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Sequence of Events
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2004-2009
33
Curb
34
Ditch
35
Embankment – Earth
36
Embankment – Rock, Stone, or Concrete
37
Embankment – Material Type Unknown
38
Fence
39
Wall
40
Fire Hydrant
41
Shrubbery
42
Tree (Standing Only)
43
Other Fixed Object
44
Pavement Surface Irregularity
45
Working Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicles
46
Traffic Signal Support
47
Vehicle Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own Vehicle
48
Collision With Snow Bank
49
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance
50
Bridge Overhead Structure
51
Jackknife
52
Guardrail End
53
Mail Box
54
Motor Vehicle Struck by Falling/Shifting Cargo or Anything Set in Motion by Another
Motor Vehicle in Transport
55
Other Not in-Transport Motor Vehicle (2005-2007)
55
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway (Since 2008)
57
Cable Barrier (Since 2008)
60
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift
61
Equipment Failure (Blown Tire, Brake Failure, etc.)
62
Separation of Units
63
Ran Off Road – Right
64
Ran Off Road – Left
65
Cross Median/Centerline
66
Downhill Runaway
67
Vehicle Went Airborne
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  214
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Shipping Weight
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the shipping weight for the shortest wheel base of this
truck model.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V132, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PTRK_WT.
SAS Name: TRK_WT
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxxxx
Actual Shipping Weight (lbs)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  215
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Shipping Weight Variance
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the difference (coded in 100 pound increments)
between the shipping weights of the shortest wheel base and the longest wheel base for this
truck model. (e.g., a 200 lb. difference appears as “02”.) Incremental weights for optional
equipment are not included.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V133, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PTRKWTVAR.
SAS Name: TRKWTVAR
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xx
Shipping Weight Variance (100 lbs)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  216
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Ton Rating
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the payload capacity of this vehicle based on
manufacturer’s specifications. The length of this data element is two characters. A single code
indicates a single capacity rating. Two codes indicate a range of capacity rating. For example, a
Ford F150 pickup truck with a payload capacity from ½ to ¾ tons would have a rating of “BC.”
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V131, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PTON_RAT.
SAS Name: TON_RAT
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
A
¼
B
½
C
¾
D
1
E
1½
F
1¾
G
2
H
2½
I
3
J
3½
K
4
L
4½
M
5
N
6
O
7
P
8
Q
9
R
10 and Over
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  217
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck VIN Restraint Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies restraint type information for this truck. This includes
information about vehicle seat belts and air bags.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V134, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVIN_REST.
SAS Name: VIN_REST
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
A
Active (Manual) Belts
B
Driver Front Air Bag/Passenger Side Belt Unknown
C
Dual Front Air Bags/Belt System Unknown
D
Dual Front Air Bag/Passenger Side Passive Belts
E
Dual Front Air Bags/Active Belts
F
Dual Front Air Bags/Passive Belts
G
Dual Air Bags Front and Side/Belts Unknown
H
Dual Air Bags Front, Head and Sides/Belts Unknown
I
Dual Air Bags Front, Head and Sides/Passive Belts
J
Dual Air Bags Front and Sides/Passive Belts
K
Dual Air Bags Front and Sides/Active Belts
L
Dual Air Bags Front, Head and Sides/Active Belt
M
Driver Front Air Bag/Passenger Side Active Belt
N
If Unable To Determine
P
Passive (Automatic) Belts
R
Dual Air Bags Front and Side/Active Belts w/ Automatic Passenger Sensor
S
Dual Air Bags Front, Head, and Side/Active Belts w/ Automatic Passenger Sensor
T
Dual Air Bags Front/Active Belts/Rear Passenger Side Air Bag
U
Dual Front Air Bags/Active Belts With Passenger Side Deactivation Cutoff Switch
V
Dual Air Bags Front, Head and Side/Active Belts/Rear Dual Side Air Bags
W
Dual Air Bags Front, Head and Side/Active Belts w/ Automatic Passenger Sensor/
Rear Dual Side Airbags
X
Dual Air Bags Front/Side Air Bag, Driver-Side Only/Active Belts
Y
Dual Front and Side Air Bags With Passenger Deactivation Switch
3
Dual Front and Head Airbags With Passenger Sensor; Active Belts
4
Dual Front Airbags With Passenger Sensor; Active Belts
7
Dual Front, Side and Head Airbags, Rear Head Airbags; Active Belts
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  218
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Weight Rating
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies weight ranges for this truck of model year 1966 and
later based on manufacturer specifications.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
Often coded as 9 for buses.
This data element, formerly V123, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PWGTCD_TR.
SAS Name: WGTCD_TR
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
1
6,000 lbs or Less
2
6,001 - 10,000 lbs
3
10,001 - 14,000 lbs
4
14,001 - 16,000 lbs
5
16,001 - 19,500 lbs
6
19,501 - 26,000 lbs
7
26,001 - 33,000 lbs
8
33,001 and Up
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  219
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle Maneuver
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element captures the driver’s action, or intended action, prior to the
commencement of the unstabilized event as indicated on the crash report.
Additional Information: This data element was discontinued after 2009.
VEH_MAN is the maneuver that the driver was executing just prior to entering a crash situation.
For the maneuver that the driver executed to attempt to avoid the crash, see the data element
AVOID under Crash Avoidance Maneuver.
SAS Name: VEH_MAN
Attribute Codes
1982-2009
01
Going Straight
02
Slowing or Stopping in Traffic Lane
03
Starting in Traffic Lane
04
Stopped in Traffic Lane
05
Passing or Overtaking another Vehicle
06
Leaving a Parked Position
07
Parked
08
Entering a Parked Position
09
Maneuvering to Avoid
10
Turning Right: Right Turn on Red Permitted
11
Turning Right: Right Turn on Red Not Permitted
12
Turning Right: Right Turn on Red Not Applicable or Not Known if Permitted
13
Turning Left
14
Making a U-Turn
15
Backing Up (Not Parking)
16
Changing Lanes or Merging
17
Negotiating a Curve
98
Other
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  220
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle Role
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element Indicates the vehicle’s role in single or multi-vehicle crashes.
Additional Information: This data element was discontinued after 2009.
Note when a vehicle is both striking and struck, i.e., Value = 3, the event cannot simultaneously
be at the same point of the vehicle. A vehicle must have at least one striking impact point and a
struck impact point. A classic example is a chain reaction rear-end crash, where a vehicle
which is both striking and struck is located within the chain.
SAS Name: IMPACTS
Attribute Codes
1975-2009
0
Non-Collision
1
Striking
2
Struck
3
Both
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  221
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Violations Charged
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies violations charged to this driver in this crash.
Additional Information: This data element was changed in 2010 to identify all violations
charged in the crash and was therefore moved to its own data file, Violatn.
SAS Name: VIOL_CHG
VIOLCHG1, VIOLCHG2, VIOLCHG3
1975-1996
1997-2009
Attribute Codes
19751981
0
1
-2
-------9
19821996
0
-1
-2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
None
Yes
Alcohol or Drugs
Pending
Speeding
Alcohol or Drugs and Speeding
Reckless Driving
Driving With Suspended or Revoked License
Other Moving Violation
Non-Moving Violation
Violation, Type Unknown or Other Violation
Unknown
1997-2009
00
None
RECKLESS/CARELESS/HIT-AND-RUN OFFENSES
01
Manslaughter or Homicide
02
Willful Reckless Driving; Driving to Endanger; Negligent Driving
03
Unsafe Reckless (Not Willful, Wanton Reckless) Driving
04
Inattentive, Careless, Improper Driving
05
Fleeing or Eluding Police
06
Fail to Obey Police, Fireman, Authorized Person Directing Traffic
07
Hit-and-Run, Fail to Stop After Crash
08
Fail to Give Aid, Information, Wait for Police after Crash
09
Serious Violation Resulting in Death
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  222
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Violations Charged
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
1997-2009
IMPAIRMENT OFFENSES
11
Driving While Intoxicated (Alcohol or Drugs) or BAC above Limit (Any Detectable BAC
for CDLs)
12
Driving While Impaired; Driving Under Influence of Substance Not Intended to
Intoxicate
13
Driving under Influence of Substance not intended to intoxicate
14
Drinking While Operating
15
Illegal Possession of Alcohol or Drugs
16
Driving With Detectable Alcohol
18
Refusal to Submit to Chemical Test
19
Alcohol, Drug, or Impairment Violations Generally
SPEED-RELATED OFFENSES
21
Racing
22
Speeding (Above the Speed Limit)
23
Speed Greater Than Reasonable and Prudent (Not Necessarily Over the Limit)
24
Exceeding Special Speed Limit (e.g., for Trucks, Buses, Cycles, or on Bridge, in
School Zone, etc.)
25
Energy Speed (Exceeding 55 mph, Non-Pointable)
26
Driving Too Slowly
29
Speed-Related Violations Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – TRAFFIC SIGN & SIGNALS
31
Fail to Stop for Red Signal
32
Fail to Stop for Flashing Red
33
Violation of Turn on Red (Fail to Stop & Yield, Yield to Pedestrians before Turning)
34
Fail to Obey Flashing Signal (Yellow or Red)
35
Fail to Obey Signal Generally
36
Violate RR Grade Crossing Device/Regulations
37
Fail to Obey Stop Sign
38
Fail to Obey Yield Sign
39
Fail to Obey Traffic Control Device Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – TURNING, YIELDING, SIGNALING
41
Turn in Violation of Traffic Control (Disobey Signs, Turn Arrow Or Pavement Markings;
This Is Not A Right-On-Red Violation)
42
Improper Method & Position of Turn (Too Wide, Wrong Lane)
43
Fail to Signal for Turn or Stop
45
Fail to Yield to Emergency Vehicle
46
Fail to Yield Generally
48
Enter Intersection When Space Insufficient
49
Turn, Yield, Signaling Violations Generally
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  223
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Violations Charged
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
1997-2009
RULES OF THE ROAD – WRONG SIDE, PASSING & FOLLOWING
51
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Road
52
Driving on Left, Wrong Side of Road Generally
53
Improper, Unsafe Passing
54
Pass on Right (Drive off Pavement to Pass)
55
Pass Stopped School Bus
56
Fail to Give Way When Overtaken
58
Following Too Closely
59
Wrong Side, Passing, Following Violations Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – LANE USAGE
61
Unsafe or Prohibited Lane Change
62
Improper Use of Lane (Enter of 3-Lane Road, HOV Designated Lane)
63
Certain Traffic to Use Right Lane (Trucks, Slow Moving, etc.)
66
Motorcycle Lane Violations (More than two per Lane, Riding Between Lanes, etc.)
67
Motorcyclist Attached to another Vehicle
69
Lane Violations Generally
NON-MOVING – LICENSE & REGISTRATION VIOLATIONS
71
Driving While License Withdrawn
72
Other Driver License Violations
73
Commercial Driver Violations
74
Vehicle Registration Violations
75
Fail to Carry Insurance Card
76
Driving Uninsured Vehicle
79
Non-Moving Violations Generally
EQUIPMENT
81
Lamp Violations
82
Brake Violations
83
Failure to Require Restraint Use (By Self or Passenger)
84
Motorcycle Equipment Violations (Helmet, Special Equipment)
85
Violation of Hazardous Cargo Regulations
86
Size, Weight, Load Violations
89
Equipment Violations Generally
OTHER VIOLATIONS
91
Parking
92
Theft, Unauthorized Use of Motor Vehicle
93
Driving Where Prohibited (Sidewalk, Limited Access, Off Truck Route)
98
Other Moving Violation
99
Unknown Violation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  224
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the two-character representation of this vehicle’s body
style.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers. The VINA
program decodes these data and partitions vehicles into three classes, passenger vehicles,
trucks, and motorcycles.
This data element, formerly V116, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVIN_BT.
SAS Name: VIN_BT
Attribute Codes
19822009
2D
2F
2H
2L
2P
2T
2W
2W
--3D
---4D
4H
4L
4P
4T
4W
4W
5D
8V
AC
AM
AR
AT
BU
-CB
CB
20102012
2D
2F
2H
2L
2P
2T
2W
2W
3B
3C
3D
3P
4B
4C
4D
4H
4L
4P
4T
4W
4W
5D
8V
AC
AM
AR
AT
BU
C4
CB
CB
Passenger Vehicle Sedan 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Formal Hardtop 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hatchback 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Liftback 3-Door
Passenger Vehicle Pillard Hardtop 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hardtop 2-Door
Truck 2-Door Wagon/Sport Utility
Passenger Vehicle Wagon 2-Door
Truck 3-Door Extended Cab/Chassis
Truck 3-Door Extended Cab Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Runabout 3-Door
Passenger Vehicle Coupe 3-Door
Truck 4-Door Extended Cab/Chassis
Truck 4-Door Extended Cab Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Sedan 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hatchback 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Liftback 5-Door
Passenger Vehicle Pillard Hardtop 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hardtop 4-Door
Truck 4-Door Wagon/Sport Utility
Passenger Vehicle Wagon 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Sedan 5-Door
Truck 8-Passenger Sport Van
Truck Auto Carrier
Passenger Vehicle Ambulance
Truck Armored Truck
Motorcycle All-Terrain
Bus
Passenger Vehicle Coupe 4-Door
Truck Chassis and Cab
Passenger Vehicle Cab & Chassis (Luv)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  225
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V116
VIN Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
CC
CG
CH
CL
CM
CP
CP
CR
CS
CU
CV
CV
CY
DP
DS
EC
EN
ES
EV
EW
FB
FC
FT
GG
GL
GN
HB
HO
HR
HT
IC
IE
-LB
LG
LL
LM
-MH
MK
MN
MM
2010Later
CC
CG
CH
CL
CM
CP
CP
CR
CS
CU
CV
CV
CY
DP
DS
EC
EN
ES
EV
EW
FB
FC
FT
GG
GL
GN
HB
HO
HR
HT
IC
IE
IN
LB
LG
LL
LM
LM
MH
MK
MM
MP
Truck Conventional Cab
Truck Cargo Van
Truck Crew Chassis
Truck Club Chassis
Truck Concrete or Transit Mixer
Truck Crew Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Coupe
Truck Crane
Truck Super Cab/Chassis Pickup
Truck Custom Pickup
Truck Convertible (Jeep Commando, Suzuki Samurai, Dodge Dakota)
Passenger Vehicle Convertible
Truck Cargo Cutaway
Truck Dump
Truck Tractor Truck (Diesel)
Truck Extended Cargo Van
Motorcycle Enduro
Truck Extended Sport Van
Truck Extended Van
Truck Extended Window Van
Truck Flat-bed or Platform
Truck Forward Control
Truck Fire Truck
Truck Garbage or Refuse
Truck Gliders
Truck Grain
Passenger Vehicle Hatchback Number Doors Unknown
Truck Hopper
Passenger Vehicle Hearse
Passenger Vehicle Hardtop Number Doors Unknown
Truck Incomplete Chassis
Truck Incomplete Ext Van
Passenger Vehicle Incomplete Passenger
Passenger Vehicle Liftback
Truck Logger
Truck Suburban & Carry-All
Passenger Vehicle Limousine
Truck Limousine
Truck Motorized Home
Motorcycle Mini-Bike
Motorcycle Mini Moto Cross
Motorcycle Moped
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  226
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V116
VIN Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
MP
MR
MS
MV
-MX
MY
MY
NB
--PC
PD
PK
PK
PM
PN
PS
RC
PN
RD
RD
RS
RT
S1
S2
SB
SC
SD
SN
SP
ST
SV
SV
SW
SW
T
TB
TL
TL
TM
TN
2010Later
MP
MR
MS
MV
MW
MX
MY
MY
NB
P2
P2
PC
PD
PK
PK
PM
PN
PS
RC
PN
RD
RD
RS
RT
S1
S2
SB
SC
SD
SN
SP
ST
SV
SV
SW
SW
T
TB
TL
TL
TM
TN
Truck Multipurpose
Motorcycle Mini Road/Trail
Motorcycle Motor Scooter
Truck Maxi-Van
Truck Maxi Wagon
Motorcycle Moto Cross
Truck Motorized Cutaway
Motorcycle Mini-Cycle
Passenger Vehicle Notchback
Passenger Vehicle 2-Passenger Low Speed
Passenger Vehicle 4-Passenger Low Speed
Truck Club Cab Pickup
Truck Parcel Delivery
Truck Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Pickup, Truck Commonly Registered Passengers
Truck Pickup with Camper Mounted on Bed
Truck Panel
Truck Super Cab Pickup
Motorcycle Racer
Passenger Vehicle Panel, Truck Commonly Registered as Passengers
Truck Roadster (Jeep, Jeep Commando)
Passenger Vehicle Roadster
Motorcycle Road/Street
Motorcycle Road/Trail
Truck One-Seat
Truck Two-Seat
Passenger Vehicle Sport Hatchback
Passenger Vehicle Sport Coupe
Passenger Vehicle Sedan, number doors unknown
Truck Step Van
Truck Sport Pickup
Truck Stake or Rack
Truck Sports Van
Passenger Vehicle Sport Van
Passenger Vehicle Station Wagon
Truck Station Wagon (Jeep Wagoneer, etc.)
Motorcycle Dirt
Truck Tilt Cab
Truck Tilt Tandem
Motorcycle Trail/Dirt
Truck Tandem
Truck Tank
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  227
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V116
VIN Body Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1982- 20102009 Later
TR
TR
TR
TR
UT
UT
UT
UT
VC
VC
VD
VD
VN
VN
VT
VT
VW
VW
WK
WK
WW WW
WW WW
XT
XT
YY
YY
99
99
Motorcycle Trails
Truck Tractor (Gasoline)
Passenger Vehicle Utility, truck commonly registered as passenger
Truck Utility (Blazer, Jimmy, Scout, etc.)
Truck Van Camper
Truck Display Van
Truck Van
Truck Vanette (Includes Metro and Handy Van)
Truck Window Van
Truck Tow Truck Wrecker
Truck Wide Wheel Wagon
Passenger Vehicle Wide-Wheel Wagon
Truck Travel-all
Truck Cutaway
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  228
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Length
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the actual length of the VIN for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V125, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Parkwork
data file as PVIN_LNGT.
SAS Name: VIN_LNGT
Attribute Codes
1981-2012
1-17 Actual Value
99
Unknown VIN Length
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  229
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Make
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) Standard
Make Abbreviation for this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers. For a listing
of these codes please refer to the Polk VINtelligence Manual.
This data element, formerly V114, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVINMAKE.
SAS Name: VINMAKE
Attribute Codes
2010-2012
xxxx 4-Character Make Abbreviation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  230
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Model
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the VIN model for this vehicle obtained from the VINA
program.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers. For a listing
of these codes please refer to the Polk VINtelligence Manual.
If one needs to select cars based on make and model the data element of choice is VINA_MOD
rather than MAK_MOD.
The VINA_MOD is only unique within the vehicle make. That is, different makes of vehicles can
have the same VINA_MOD. To ensure that the correct vehicle is selected the data element
MAKE or VIN_MAKE (available 2010 and later) must be used in conjunction with VINA_MOD.
The data elements VINA_MOD, MAKE and VINMAKE are in the Vehicle data file and the
Person data file.
This data element, formerly V115, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVINA_MOD.
SAS Name: VINA_MOD
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
xxx
3-Character Model (Series) Abbreviation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  231
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Model Year
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the model year of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V117, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVINMODYR.
SAS Name: VINMODYR
Attribute Codes
2010-2012
xx
2-Digit Model Year
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  232
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Truck Series
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the model (series) of this truck.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers. For a listing
of these codes please refer to the Polk VINtelligence Manual.
This data element, formerly V122, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PSER_TR.
SAS Name: SER_TR
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
xxx
3-Character Model (Series) Abbreviation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  233
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Vehicle Type
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the basic vehicle type of his vehicle from the VINA
program.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V113, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PVINTYPE.
SAS Name: VINTYPE
Attribute Codes
2010-2012
P
Passenger Vehicle
T
Truck
M
Motorcycle
U
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  234
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Wheelbase Short
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the shortest wheelbase respectively for the
manufactured model of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V119, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PWHLBS_SH.
SAS Name: WHLBS_SH
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
0000
1-9998
9999
Value Not Available from the VINA Program
Actual Value (in)
Value Not Coded
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  235
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Wheelbase Long
The VEHICLE Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the longest wheelbase respectively for the
manufactured model of this vehicle.
Additional Information: This data element is derived by the VINA analysis system scanning
the VIN for vehicles of model year 1966 and later that have verifiable VIN numbers.
This data element, formerly V120, was discontinued in 2013. See the Vindecode data file for
VIN decoded data elements. Prior to 2013, this data element also appeared in the Person data
file and in the Parkwork data file as PWHLBS_LG.
SAS Name: WHLBS_LG
Attribute Codes
1975-2012
0000
1-9998
9999
Value Not Available from the VINA Program
Actual Value (in)
Value Not Coded
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  236
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PERSON Data File
The PERSON Data File
The Person data file includes motorist and non-motorist data. It contains the data elements
ST_CASE, STATE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO, which are described in the beginning of the Data
Element Definitions and Codes section. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO are the unique
identifiers for each record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Person data
file with the Vehicle data file. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO should be used to merge the
Person data file with other person-level data files. The Person data file also contains the data
elements on the following pages.
In the Person data file, motor vehicle occupants are PER_TYPE = 1, 2, 3, 9. Motor vehicle
occupants have valid vehicle numbers. Non-motor vehicle occupants are PER_TYPE = 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 10 or 19. VEH_NO = 0 for non-motor vehicle occupants.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  237
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P5/NM5
The PERSON Data File
Age
Definition: This data element identifies this person’s age at the time of the crash, in years, with
respect to their last birthday.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: AGE
Attribute Codes
1975-2008
00
01-96
97
99
Up to One Year
Age of the Individual in Years
97 Years Old or Older
Unknown
20102009
Later
000
000
001-120 001-120
-998
999
999
Less than One Year
Age of the Individual in Years
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  238
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P6/NM6
The PERSON Data File
Sex
Definition: This data element identifies the sex of this person involved in the crash.
Additional Information: From 1975 to 1981, if no information was known about the hit-and-run
vehicle and/or driver, then neither the vehicle form nor the driver form were filled out and were
not counted in the FARS census. Starting in 1982 both a vehicle and a driver form were filled
out and the data were identified as unknown. This is why there were approximately only 20 to
40 drivers with unknown sex listed in the FARS data file from 1975 to 1981 and 700 to 1000
drivers with unknown sex from 1982 on.
On March 22, 1995, a quick review of the 1994 Annual Report File revealed that of the 768
persons in the 1994 data file with unknown sex; over 90 percent were involved in hit-and-run
crashes.
SAS Name: SEX
Attribute Codes
19752009
1
2
-9
2010Later
1
2
8
9
Male
Female
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  239
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P7/NM7
The PERSON Data File
Person Type
Definition: This data element describes the role of this person involved in the crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: PER_TYP
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
1
Driver
2
Passenger
3
Non-Motorist: Pedestrian
4
Non-Motorist: Pedalcyclist
5
Non-Motorist: Occupant of Non-Traffic-Unit Vehicle
8
Non-Motorist: Other or Unknown
9
Occupant: Unknown Type
1982-1993
1
Driver of a Motor Vehicle in Transport
2
Passenger of a Motor Vehicle in Transport
3
Occupant of a Motor Vehicle Not in Transport
4
Occupant of a Non-Motor Vehicle Transport Device (e.g., Horse and Buggy)
5
Non-Occupant Pedestrian
6
Non-Occupant Bicyclist
7
Non-Occupant Other Cyclist
8
Non-Occupant Other or Unknown
9
Unknown Occupant Type in a Motor Vehicle in Transport
19942009
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
2010
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
--
2011Later
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
--
08
09
10
19
-99
08
09
10
19
88
--
08
09
10
19
---
Driver of a Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Passenger of a Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Occupant of a Motor Vehicle Not In-Transport
Occupant of a Non-Motor Vehicle Transport Device
Pedestrian
Bicyclist
Other Cyclist
Other Pedestrian (Includes Persons on Personal Conveyances,
1994-2006)
Person on Personal Conveyances (Since 2007)
Unknown Occupant Type in a Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Persons In/On Buildings (Since 2007)
Unknown Type of Non-Motorist
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Person Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  240
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P8/NM8
The PERSON Data File
Injury Severity
Definition: This data element describes the severity of the injury to this person in the crash
using the KABCO scale.
Additional Information: It is important to realize that some States do not always collect data
on persons who were in a crash but were not injured. If the analysis being performed depends
on non-injured occupants -- for example some paired comparisons -- check the data at the
State level.
SAS Name: INJ_SEV
Attribute Codes
19752012
0
-1
2
-3
-4
5
6
8
9
2013Later
-0
1
-2
-3
4
5
6
8
9
No Injury (O)
No Apparent Injury (O)
Possible Injury (C)
Non-Incapacitating Evident Injury (B)
Suspected Minor Injury (B)
Incapacitating Injury (A)
Suspected Serious Injury (A)
Fatal Injury (K)
Injured, Severity Unknown (U) (Since 1978)
Died Prior to Crash
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  241
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P9
The PERSON Data File
Seating Position
Definition: This data element identifies the location of this person in or on the vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: SEAT_POS
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
00
Non-Motorist
01
Front Seat – Left Side (Driver's Side)
02
Front Seat – Middle
03
Front Seat – Right Side
04
Second Seat – Left Side (Driver's Side)
05
Second Seat – Middle
06
Second Seat – Right Side
07
Third Seat – Left Side (Driver's Side)
08
Third Seat – Middle
09
Third Seat – Right Side
10
Front Seat – Other
11
Second Seat – Other
12
Third Seat – Other
13
Other Passenger
14
Cab Sleeper
15
Vehicle Exterior
99
Unknown
19822009
00
00
11
12
13
18
19
21
22
23
28
29
31
32
33
38
39
2010Later
-00
11
12
13
18
19
21
22
23
28
29
31
32
33
38
39
Non-Motorist (1982-2004)
Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant (2005-Later)
Front Seat – Left Side (Driver's Side)
Front Seat – Middle
Front Seat – Right Side
Front Seat – Other
Front Seat – Unknown
Second Seat – Left Side
Second Seat – Middle
Second Seat – Right Side
Second Seat – Other
Second Seat – Unknown
Third Seat – Left Side
Third Seat – Middle
Third Seat – Right Side
Third Seat – Other
Third Seat – Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  242
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P9
Seating Position
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
41
42
43
48
49
50
51
2010Later
41
42
43
48
49
50
--
51
52
53
51
52
53
54
55
-99
54
55
98
99
Fourth Seat – Left Side
Fourth Seat – Middle
Fourth Seat – Right Side
Fourth Seat – Other
Fourth Seat – Unknown
Sleeper Section of Cab (Truck)
Other Passenger In Enclosed Passenger or Cargo Area
[Includes Passengers In 5th Row Of 15-Seat, 5-Row Vans]
[Includes Injured Full-Size-Bus Occupants] (2002-2008)
Other Passenger in Enclosed Passenger or Cargo Area (Since 2009)
Other Passenger in Unenclosed Passenger or Cargo Area
Other Passenger in Passenger or Cargo Area, Unknown Whether Or Not
Enclosed
Trailing Unit
Riding on Vehicle Exterior
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Seat Position
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  243
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P10
The PERSON Data File
Restraint System/Helmet Use
Definition: This data element records the restraint equipment in use by the occupant, or the
helmet in use by a motorcyclist, at the time of the crash.
Additional Information: Bicycle helmets are sometimes worn while riding a variety of personal
conveyances.
SAS Name: REST_USE
Attribute Codes
1991-1993
0
None Used – Vehicle Occupant/Not Applicable-Non-Motorist
1
Shoulder Belt
2
Lap Belt
3
Lap and Shoulder Belt
4
Child Safety Seat
5
Motorcycle Helmet
8
Restraint Used – Type Unknown or Other Including Other Helmet
9
Unknown
19942009
00
00
20102012
---
2013Later
---
-01
02
03
04
04
00
01
02
03
---
00
01
02
03
---
-05
-06
--08
10
11
12
-13
14
14
15
---
04
-05
-07
-08
10
11
-12
----16
--
04
-05
--07
08
10
11
-12
-----16
None Used- Vehicle Occupant; Not Applicable (1994-2004)
None Used/Not Applicable – Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant (Since
2005)
Not Applicable
Shoulder Belt Only Used
Lap Belt Only Used
Lap and Shoulder Belt Used
Child Safety Seat (1994-2007)
Child Safety Seat/Booster Seat – Type Unknown/Not Reported
(Since 2008)
Child Restraint Type Unknown
Motorcycle Helmet
DOT-Compliant Motorcycle Helmet
Bicycle Helmet
None Used – Motor Vehicle Occupant
None Used
Restraint Used – Type Unknown
Child Restraint System – Forward Facing (Since 2008)
Child Restraint System – Rear Facing (Since 2008)
Booster Seat with Lap/Shoulder Belt Used Properly (Since 2008)
Booster Seat
Safety Belt Used Improperly
Child Safety Seat Used Improperly (1994-2007)
Child Safety Seat/Booster Seat Used Improperly (2008-2009)
Helmets Used Improperly
Other Helmet
Helmet, Other than DOT-Compliant Motorcycle Helmet
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  244
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P10
19942009
------99
Restraint System/Helmet Use
20102012
17
--96
97
98
99
2013Later
17
19
29
96
97
98
99
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
No Helmet
Helmet, Unknown if DOT-Compliant
Unknown if Helmet Worn
Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant
Other
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Restraint Use
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  245
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P11
The PERSON Data File
Indication of Misuse of Restraint System/Helmet
Definition: This data element indicates any misuse of the restraint system or helmet used by
this person.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: REST_MIS
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
0
No
1
Yes
8
Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  246
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P12
The PERSON Data File
Air Bag Deployed
Definition: This data element records air bag availability and deployment for this person as
reported in the case materials.
Additional Information: This data element is designed to collect both air bag availability and
deployment for each occupied seat position. Variation in the presentation of the source data on
the state crash report forms and the selections coded on the PAR may produce unlikely
combinations or missing data. For example:
1. If the seat position does not have an air bag at the time of manufacture, but the
information on the PAR indicates an air bag was available or deployed, the information
on the PAR may have taken precedence.
2. If the seat position has an air bag installed at the time of manufacture and the PAR
indicates there is no air bag available, then the PAR information may have taken
precedence.
SAS Name: AIR_BAG
Attribute Codes
1991-1997
0
Non-Motorist
3
Deployed Air Bag
4
Non-Deployed Air Bag
9
Unknown or Not Applicable
1998-2008
00
Non-Motorist (Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant, Since 2005)
DEPLOYED (FOR THIS SEAT)
01
Deployed Air Bag From Front (1998-2006)
01
From Front (Steering Wheel, Dashboard, Since 2007)
02
Deployed Air Bag From Side (1998-2006)
02
From Side (Door, Seat, Canopy, Since 2007)
07
Deployed Air Bag Other Direction (1998-2006)
07
From Other Direction (Knee, Airbelt, etc, Since 2007)
08
Deployed Air Bag Multiple Directions
09
Deployed Air Bag Direction Unknown
NOT DEPLOYED (FOR THIS SEAT)
20
Air Bag Available but Not Deployed for This Seat
28
Air Bag Available and Switched Off
UNKNOWN IF DEPLOYED
29
Air Bag Available, Deployment Not Known for This Seat
NOT AVAILABLE
30
Air Bag Not Available for This Seat
31
Air Bag Previously Deployed and Not Replaced
32
Air Bag Disabled or Removed
99
Unknown (If Airbag Available)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  247
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P12
Air Bag Deployed
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2009
00
-01
02
03
07
08
09
20
28
--99
2010Later
-Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant
00 Not Applicable
01 Deployed: Front
02 Deployed: Side (Door, Seatback)
03 Deployed: Curtain (Roof)
07 Deployed: Other (Knee, Air Belt, etc.)
08 Deployed: Combination
09 Deployed: Unknown Location
20 Not Deployed
28 Switched Off
97 Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant
98 Not Reported
99 Deployment Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  248
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P13
The PERSON Data File
Ejection
Definition: This data element describes the ejection status and degree of ejection for this
person, excluding motorcycle occupants.
Additional Information: In the mid 1970’s there were a large number of people coded as
ejection unknown and a corresponding small number of people coded as not ejected. However,
the totally ejected and partially ejected counts are the same magnitude as in later years.
Starting in 2011, “Not Applicable” includes people not in motor vehicles (i.e., pedestrians,
bicyclists, etc.)
SAS Name: EJECTION
Attribute Codes
1975-2006
0
Not Ejected or Not Applicable
1
Totally Ejected
2
Partially Ejected
9
Unknown
20072009
0
1
2
3
-8
9
9
2010Later
0
1
2
3
7
8
-9
Not Ejected
Totally Ejected
Partially Ejected
Ejected – Unknown Degree (Since 2008)
Not Reported
Not Applicable
Unknown (2007-2008)
Unknown if Ejected (Since 2009)
More Information on Ejection
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  249
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P14
The PERSON Data File
Ejection Path
Definition: This data element identifies the path by which this person was ejected from the
vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: EJ_PATH
Attribute Codes
1991-Later
0
Not Ejected/Not Applicable
1
Through Side Door Opening (All Side Doors)
2
Through Side Window (All Side Windows, Bus Side Windows)
3
Through Windshield (Front Windshield Only)
4
Through Back Window (Standard Rear Window, Back Window of Bronco, Van)
5
Through Back Door/Tailgate Opening (Station Wagon Tailgate, Back Door of Truck,
Back Door of Bronco, Van)
6
Through Roof Opening (Sun Roof, Convertible Top Down, T-Top, Targa Top)
7
Through Roof (Convertible Top Up)
8
Other Path (e.g., Back of Pickup Truck, Torn-Off Roof, Car Cut in Half)
9
Unknown/Unknown Path
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  250
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P15
The PERSON Data File
Extrication
Definition: This data element identifies if equipment or other force was used to remove this
person from the vehicle.
Additional Information: In Massachusetts, if an occupant is not injured, data for Protection
system use and ejection are not coded on the PAR.
From 1975 to 1976 the EXTRICAT and EJECTION data elements were combined in a single
field. The data files were changed in 1977 to the current format. In 1975 and 1976 there are
fewer persons identified as not extricated than in later years. Both the count of extricated
persons and unknowns seem high for these years. From 1977 to 1981 there was not an edit
check to prevent one coding an occupant as being both ejected and extricated. There are 69,
48, 83, 98, and 88 persons coded as both totally ejected and extricated in the 1977, 1978, 1979,
1980, and 1981 respectively.
SAS Name: EXTRICAT
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
0
Not Extricated/Not Applicable
1
Extricated
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  251
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P16/NM15
The PERSON Data File
Police Reported Alcohol Involvement
Definition: This data element records whether alcohol was involved for this person and reflects
the judgment of law enforcement.
Additional Information: This data element does not indicate that alcohol was a cause of the
crash. If a PAR indicates that opened or unopened alcohol bottles were found in the vehicle,
then this information does not by itself constitute involvement.
SAS Name: DRINKING
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
0
No (Alcohol Not Involved)
1
Yes (Alcohol Involved)
8
Not Reported
9
Unknown (Police Reported)
More Information on Alcohol
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  252
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P17/NM16
The PERSON Data File
Method of Alcohol Determination by Police
Definition: This data element describes the method by which the police made the
determination as to whether alcohol was involved for this person.
Additional Information: 1975 to 1979 data on the type of blood alcohol test were collected,
but this data has since been removed from the analysis data files.
SAS Name: ALC_DET
Attribute Codes
1987-Later
1
Evidential Test (Breath, Blood, Urine)
2
Preliminary Breath Test (PBT)
3
Behavioral
4
Passive Alcohol Sensor (PAS)
5
Observed
8
Other (e.g., Saliva Test)
9
Not Reported
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  253
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P18/NM17
The PERSON Data File
Alcohol Test
P18A/NM17A
Alcohol Test Status
Definition: This data element identifies whether an alcohol test was given to this person.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: ALC_STATUS
Attribute Codes
2009
0
1
2
-9
--
2010Later
0
1
2
8
-9
Test Not Given
Test Refused
Test Given
Not Reported
Unknown if Tested/Not Reported
Unknown if Tested
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  254
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P18B/NM17B
The PERSON Data File
Alcohol Test Type
Definition: This data element identifies the type of alcohol test that was given to this person.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: ATST_TYP
Attribute Codes
1998-2003
0
Not Tested for Alcohol
1
Whole Blood
2
Breath “BAC”
3
Urine
4
Vitreous
5
Blood Plasma/Serum
6
Blood Clot
7
Liver
8
Other Test Type
9
Unknown/Not Reported (Since 2001)
20042009
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
-98
98
99
--
2010Later
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
-10
95
-98
-99
Not Tested for Alcohol
Blood Test
Breathalyzer “BAC”
Urine
Vitreous
Blood Plasma/Serum
Blood Clot
Liver
Other Test Type
Unknown/Not Reported
Preliminary Breath Test (PBT)
Not Reported
Positive Reading with No Actual Value (2006-2008)
Unknown Test Type (Since 2009)
Unknown if Tested/Not Reported (2009 Only)
Unknown if Tested
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  255
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P18C/NM17C
The PERSON Data File
Alcohol Test Result
Definition: This data element identifies the alcohol test result for this person.
Additional Information: A value of 10 is a BAC of .10. The decimal is implied before first digit.
The BAC is expressed in grams per deciliter or a clinical evaluation of the same.
SAS Name: TEST_RES
ALC_RES
1975-1990
1991-Later
Attribute Codes
1975-1990
00-94
95
96
97
99
19912009
00-93
94
95
-96
97
98
99
--
Actual Value of BAC Test
Test Refused
None Given
AC Test Performed, Results Unknown
Unknown
2010Later
00-93
94
-95
96
97
98
-99
Actual Value of BAC Test
.94 or Greater (The value 94 should be interpreted as .94 or greater,
since 1995)
Test Refused (1991-2008)
Not Reported
None Given
AC Test Performed, Results Unknown
PBT Positive Reading with No Actual Value (Since 2004)
Unknown if Tested/Not Reported
Unknown if Tested
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  256
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P19/NM18
The PERSON Data File
Police Reported Drug Involvement
Definition: This data element records whether drugs were involved for this person and reflects
the judgment of law enforcement.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DRUGS
Attribute Codes
1991-Later
0
No (Drugs Not Involved)
1
Yes (Drugs Involved)
8
Not Reported
9
Unknown (Police Reported)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  257
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P20/NM19
The PERSON Data File
Method of Drug Determination by Police
Definition: This data element identifies the method by which the police made the determination
as to whether drugs were involved for this person.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: TOXCLGY
DRUG_DET
1987-1990
1991-Later
Attribute Codes
1987-1990
0
No Blood Test Given
BLOOD TEST GIVEN, RESULTS KNOWN
1
No Drugs Reported
2
Drugs Reported (Excluding Nicotine, Aspirin)
3
Not tested for Drugs
BLOOD TEST GIVEN, RESULTS UNKNOWN
7
Test for Drugs, Results, Unknown
8
Unknown if Tested for Drugs
9
Unknown if Drug Test Given
1991-Later
1
Evidential Test (Blood, Urine)
2
Drug Recognition Technician (DRT) Determination
3
Behavioral
7
Other
8
Not Reported
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  258
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P21/NM20
The PERSON Data File
Drug Test
P21A/NM20A
Drug Test Status
Definition: This data element identifies whether a drug test was given to this person.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DSTATUS
Attribute Codes
2009
0
1
2
-9
--
2010Later
0
1
2
8
-9
P21B/NM20B
Test Not Given
Test Refused
Test Given
Not Reported
Unknown if Tested/Not Reported
Unknown if Tested
Drug Test Type
Definition: This data element identifies the type of drug test that was given to this person.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DRUGTEST
DRUGTST1, DRUGTST2, DRUGTST3
1991-1992
1993-Later
Attribute Codes
19911992
0
1
2
--7
8
-9
19932009
0
1
2
3
-7
8
9
--
2010Later
0
1
2
3
6
7
8
-9
Test Not Given
Blood Test
Urine Test
Both Blood and Urine Tests
Not Reported
Unknown Test Type
Other Test Type
Unknown if Tested/Not Reported
Unknown if Tested
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  259
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P21C/NM20C
The PERSON Data File
Drug Test Result
Definition: This data element identifies the drug test result for this person.
Additional Information: The FARS analyst may have used any of the three data elements to
code a result of a drug test. One must test all three data elements to ensure that the selected
result is included. *See Specific Drug Listing in the FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation
Manual.
SAS Name: DRUG_RES
DRUGRES1, DRUGRES2, DRUGRES3
1991-1992
1993-Later
Attribute Codes
1991-1992
00
Not Tested for Drugs
01
No Drugs Reported
02
Narcotic
03
Depressant
04
Stimulant
05
Hallucinogen
06
Cannabinol
07
Phencyclidine (PCP)
08
Inhalant
09
Multiple Drugs (From Data elements 02 to 08)
10
Other Drugs (All Other Drugs Excluding Nicotine, Aspirin, Alcohol)
97
Tested for Drugs, Results Unknown
98
Tested for Drugs, Drugs Found, Type Unknown
99
Unknown if Tested for Drugs
19932009
000
001
-100-295
300-395
400-495
500-595
600-695
700-795
800-895
900-995
996
997
998
999
--
2010Later
000
001
095
100-295
300-395
400-495
500-595
600-695
700-795
800-895
900-995
996
997
998
-999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Not Tested for Drugs
No Drugs Reported/Negative
Not Reported
Narcotic*
Depressant*
Stimulant*
Hallucinogen*
Cannabinoid*
Phencyclidine (PCP) *
Anabolic Steroid*
Inhalant*
Other Drugs
Tested for Drugs, Results Unknown
Tested for Drugs, Drugs Found, Type Unknown/Positive
Unknown if Tested/Not Reported
Unknown if Tested
Data Element Definitions and Codes  260
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P22/NM21
The PERSON Data File
Transported to First Treatment Facility
Definition: This data element identifies the mode of transportation to a hospital or medical
facility provided for this person.
Additional Information: Prior to 2008 this data element was called “Taken to Hospital or
Treatment Facility.” From 2008 to 2009 this data element was called “Transported for
Treatment by.” From 2010 to 2012 this data element was called “Transported to Medical
Facility By.”
This field exists in the 1975 and 1976 data file, but is not initialized, i.e., it has no values.
SAS Name: HOSPITAL
Attribute Codes
19772000
0
-1
----------7
8
-9
20012006
0
-1
-------------9
20072009
-0
-1
-2
-3
-4
------9
2010Later
-0
--1
-2
-3
-4
5
6
---9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No
Not Transported
Yes
Yes, EMS
EMS Air
Yes, Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Yes, Other
EMS Unknown Mode
Yes, Transported by Unknown Source
Transported Unknown Source
EMS Ground
Other
Died at the Scene (1999-2000)
Died En Route (1999-2000)
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  261
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P23/NM22
The PERSON Data File
Died at Scene/En Route
Definition: This data element identifies if this person died at the scene of the crash or en route
to a hospital/medical facility.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DOA
Attribute Codes
2001-Later
0
Not Applicable
7
Died at Scene
8
Died En Route
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  262
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P24/NM23
The PERSON Data File
Death Date
P24A/NM23A Month of Death
Definition: This data element records the month of this person’s death.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DEATH_MO
Attribute Codes
19752007
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
--
2008Later
88
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
99
Not Applicable (Non-Fatal)
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Unknown (Except 2009)
P24B/NM23B Day of Death
Definition: This data element records the day of the month of this person’s death.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DEATH_DA
Attribute Codes
19752008
00
01-31
99
2009Later
88
01-31
99
Not Applicable (Non-Fatal)
Day of the Month of the Death
Unknown (Since 2008)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  263
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PERSON Data File
P24C/NM23C Year of Death
Definition: This data element records the year of this person’s death.
Additional Information: A person can die the year after the crash year.
SAS Name: DEATH_YR
Attribute Codes
19751997
-xx
99
19982008
0000
xxxx
9999
2009Later
8888 Not Applicable (Non-Fatal)
xxxx Year of the Death
9999 Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  264
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P25/NM24
The PERSON Data File
Death Time
Definition: This data element records the hour and minute of this person’s death utilizing the
24-hour clock format.
Additional Information: four digits; DEATH_HR followed by DEATH_MN, e.g., Valid Military
Times 0643 for 6:43 a.m.
SAS Name: DEATH_TM
Attribute Codes
19752008
2400
0001-2359
-9999
2009Later
0000
0001-2359
8888
9999
P25A/NM24A
Hour of Death
For Midnight
Time of Death in HHMM format
Not Applicable (Non-Fatal)
Unknown
Definition: This data element records the hour of this person’s death utilizing the 24-hour clock
format.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DEATH_HR
Attribute Codes
19752008
00-24
-99
2009Later
00-23
88
99
Valid Military Times
Not Applicable
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  265
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P25B/NM24B
The PERSON Data File
Minute of Death
Definition: This data element records the minutes after the hour of this person’s death.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: DEATH_MN
Attribute Codes
19752008
00-59
-99
2009Later
00-59
88
99
Valid Military Times
Not Applicable
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  266
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P26/NM25
The PERSON Data File
Related Factors- Person Level
Definition: This data element records factors related to motor vehicle occupants other than
drivers expressed by the investigating officer.
Additional Information: There are also crash-level related factors in the Accident data file
(CF1, CF2, and CF3), vehicle-level related factors in the Vehicle data file (VEH_SC1 and
VEH_SC2), and driver-level related factors, also in the Vehicle data file (DR_SF1, DR_SF2,
DR_SF3 and DR_SF4).
The FARS analyst may have used any of the three data elements to code a related factor. One
must test all three data elements to ensure that the selected related factor is included.
Person-related factors for all drivers are coded 00. Person-related factors for non-drivers can
have non-zero values as listed below.
For 1975 to 1981, values 02 to 06 correspond to 01 to 05 for the 1982 to 2009 data. Values of
20 and higher correspond directly the same values for 1982 to 2009.
SAS Name: P_CF1, P_CF2, P_CF3
P_SF1, P_SF2, P_SF3
1975-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
00
Not Applicable – Driver/None – All Other Persons
01
Physical Impairments
02
Not Visible
03
Darting or Running into Road
04
Improper Crossing of Roadway or Intersection
05
Walking/Riding With or Against Traffic, Playing, Working, Sitting, Lying, Standing, etc.,
in Roadway
06
Interfering with Driver (Since 1976)
NON-MOTOR-VEHICLE-OPERATOR-RELATED FACTORS:
20
Leaving Vehicle Unattended in Roadway
21
Overloading or Improper Loading of Vehicle with Passengers or Cargo
22
Towing or Pushing Vehicle Improperly
23
Failing to Have Lights on When Required
24
Operating Without Required Equipment
25
Creating Unlawful Noise or Using Equipment Prohibited by Law
26
Following Improperly
27
Improper or Erratic Lane-Changing
28
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane or Running off Road
29
Illegal Driving on Road Shoulder, in Ditch, on Sidewalk, on Median
30
Making Improper Entry to or Exit from Trafficway
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  267
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P26/NM25
Related Factors- Person Level
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
33
Passing Where Prohibited by Posted Signs, Pavement Markings, Hill, or Curve, or
School Bus Displaying Warning Not to Pass
34
Passing on Wrong Side
35
Passing with Insufficient Distance or Inadequate Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle
36
Operating the Vehicle in Other Erratic, Reckless, Careless or Negligent Manner
38
Failure to Yield Right of Way
39
Failure to Obey Traffic Signs, Traffic Control Devices or Traffic Officers, Failure to
Observe Safety Zone
40
Passing Through or Around Barrier Positioned to Prohibit or Channel Traffic
41
Failure to Observe Warnings or Instructions on Vehicles Displaying Them
42
Failure to Signal Intentions
43
Giving Wrong Signal
44
Driving Too Fast for Conditions or in Excess of Posted Speed Limit
45
Driving Less Than Posted Maximum
46
Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds
47
Making Right Turn from Left Turn Lane or Making Left Turn from Right Turn Lane
48
Making Improper Turn
49
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Roadway
50
Driving on Wrong Side of Road
51
Operator Inexperience
52
Unfamiliar with Roadway
99
Unknown
19822009
00
01
02
03
04
2010Later
00
-----
05
06
07
08
09
05
--08
09
10
11
12
13
13
----13
None/Not Applicable-Driver
Not Visible
Darting, Running or Stumbling (Since 1995) Into Roadway
Improper Crossing or Roadway or Intersection
Walking/Riding With or Against Traffic, Playing, Working, Sitting, Lying,
Standing Etc. In Roadway
Interfering With Driver
Ill, Passed Out (Since 1995)/Blackout
Emotional (e.g., Depression, Angry, Disputed)
Mentally Challenged (Since 1995)
Construction/Maintenance/Utility Worker (Since 1995) Highway Department,
Contractor, Utility Company Personnel, etc.
Inattentive
Walking With Cane or Crutches
Restricted to Wheelchair
Paraplegic (1982-1994)
Motorized Wheelchair Rider
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  268
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P26/NM25
Related Factors- Person Level
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
14
15
15
16
17
18
-19
2010Later
-----18
18
--
Impaired Due to Previous Injury
Deaf (1982-1994)
Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs, or Medication (Since 2008)
Blind
Other Physical Impairment
Mother of Dead Fetus (1982-2010)
Mother of Dead Fetus/Mother of Infant Born Post Crash (Since 2011)
Pedestrian
NON-MOTOR-VEHICLE-OPERATOR-RELATED FACTORS:
20
-Leaving Vehicle Unattended in Roadway (1982-1994)
20
-Running off Road (2000-2001)
21
21
Overloading or Improper Loading of Vehicle with Passengers or Cargo
22
-Towing or Pushing Vehicle Improperly (1982-2003)
23
-Failing to [Dim Lights or, Since 1995] Have Lights on When Required
24
-Operating Without Required Equipment
25
-Creating Unlawful Noise or Using Equipment Prohibited by Law (1982-2002)
26
26
Following Improperly
27
-Improper or Erratic Lane Changing
28
-Failure to Keep in Proper Lane or Running off Road (1982-1999)
28
28
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane (Since 2000)
29
29
Illegal Driving on Road Shoulder, in Ditch, on Sidewalk, on Median
30
-Making Improper Entry to or Exit from Trafficway
32
32
Opening Vehicle Closure into Moving Traffic or While Vehicle is in Motion
(Since 2001)
33
33
Passing where Prohibited by Posted Signs, Pavement Markings, Hill or
Curve, or School Bus Displaying Warning not to Pass Line
34
-Passing on Wrong Side
35
-Passing with Insufficient Distance or Inadequate Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle
36
-Operating the Vehicle in Other Erratic, Reckless, Careless or Negligent
Manner (or Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds, Since 1995)
37
37
Traveling on Prohibited Trafficway (Since 1995)
38
-Failure to Yield Right of Way
39
-Failure to Obey Actual Traffic Signs, Traffic Control Devices or Traffic
Officers; Failure to Obey Safety Zone Traffic Laws
40
40
Passing Through or Around Barrier Positioned to Prohibit or Channel Traffic
41
41
Failure to Observe Warnings or Instructions on Vehicles Displaying Them
42
42
Failure to Signal Intentions
43
-Giving Wrong Signal (1982-1996)
44
44
Driving Too Fast for Conditions or in Excess of Posted Maximum
45
45
Driving Less Than Posted Maximum
46
-Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds (1982-1996)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  269
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P26/NM25
Related Factors- Person Level
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
56
57
58
59
2010Later
47
---51
52
----56
57
58
59
Making Right Turn From Left-Turn Lane, Left Turn from Right-Turn Lane
Making Other Improper Turn
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Trafficway
Driving on Wrong Side of Road (Intentional or Unintentional, Since 1995)
Operator Inexperience
Unfamiliar with Roadway
Stopping in Roadway (Vehicle Not Abandoned)
Underriding a Parked Truck (1982-1996)
Getting Off/Out of or On/Into Moving Transport Vehicle
Getting Off/Out of or On/Into Non-Moving Transport Vehicle (1982-2001)
Non-Driver Flees Scene (Since 2005)
Improper Tire Pressure (Since 1995)
Locked Wheel (Since 1995)
Overcorrecting (Since 1995)
VISION OBSCURED BY
60
60
Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust
61
61
Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights
62
62
Curve, Hill, or Other Design Features (Including Traffic Signs, Embankment)
63
63
Building, Billboard, Other Structures (Since 1995)
64
64
Trees, Crops, Vegetation
65
65
Motor Vehicle (Including Load)
66
66
Parked Vehicle
67
67
Splash or Spray or Passing Vehicle
68
68
Inadequate Lighting System
69
69
Obstructing Angles on Vehicle
70
70
Mirrors
71
-Mirrors-Other(1982-2002)
72
72
Other Visual Obstruction
SKIDDING, SWERVING, OR SLIDING DUE TO
73
73
Severe Crosswind
74
74
Wind From Passing Truck
75
75
Slippery or Loose Surface
76
76
Tire Blow-Out or Flat
77
77
Debris or Objects in Road
78
78
Ruts, Holes, Bumps in Road
79
-Live Animals in Road
80
80
Vehicle in Road
81
81
Phantom Vehicle
82
-Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist, or Other Non-Motorist
-82
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist, or Persons on Personal Conveyances
83
83
Ice, Snow, Slush, Water, Sand, Dirt, Oil, Wet Leaves on Road (Since 1995)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  270
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P26/NM25
Related Factors- Person Level
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
2010Later
OTHER FACTORS
84
-Jay Walk (1982-1994)
85
-Jog (1982-1994)
86
86
Emergency Services Personnel (Since 2007)
87
87
Police or Law Enforcement Officer (Since 2002)
88
88
Seat Back Not in Normal Upright Position, Seat Back Reclined (Since 2002)
-89
Parked Motor Vehicle With Equipment Extending into the Travel Lane
(Since 2013)
90
90
Non-Motorist Pushing a Vehicle
91
91
Portable Electronic Devices (Since 2008)
-92
Person in Ambulance Treatment Compartment (Since 2013)
99
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  271
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
P100
The PERSON Data File
Lag Time
P100A Lag Hours
Definition: This data element records the hours between the time of the crash and this
person’s time of death.
Additional Information: This is a computed data element.
SAS Name: LAG_HRS
Attribute Codes
19752008
00-24
99
2009Later
00-719
999
Hours
Unknown
P100B Lag Minutes
Definition: This data element records the minutes, in addition to hours (“Lag Hours”), between
the time of the crash and this person’s time of death.
Additional Information: This is a computed data element.
SAS Name: LAG_MINS
Attribute Codes
1975-Later
00-59
Minutes
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  272
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
SP1
The PERSON Data File
Death Certificate Number
Definition: This data element records the sequence number from the death certificate for this
person as assigned by the State Vital Statistics or Vital Records Department. This twelve-digit
data element is a combination of the four-digit GSA code for the City where the death occurred,
the two-digit state number, and the six-digit death certificate number.
Additional Information: .
SAS Name: CERT_NO
Attribute Codes
1991-Later
000000000000
xxxxxxxxxxxx
9997xxxxxxxx
9999xxxxxxxx
999999999999
Not Applicable (Not A Fatality) 12 0's
Any 12 digits
No GSA Element for The City
City Where Death Occurred Cannot Be Found on Death Certificate
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  273
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
SP2
The PERSON Data File
Fatal Injury at Work
Definition: This data element records whether the death certificate indicated this person was
"at work" at the time of the crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: WORK_INJ
Attribute Codes
1987-Later
0
No (The Injury Was Not At Work)
1
Yes (The Injury Was At Work)
8
Not Applicable (Not A Fatality)
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  274
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
SP3
Race/Hispanic Origin
SP3A
Race
The PERSON Data File
Definition: This data element records the race of this person from the death certificate.
Additional Information: This data element is only coded for fatalities.
SAS Name: RACE
Attribute Codes
19992000
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
18
19
28
38
48
58
68
78
2001Later
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
18
19
28
38
48
58
68
--
-97
-99
78
97
98
99
Not A Fatality (Not Applicable)
White
Black
American Indian (Includes Aleuts and Eskimos)
Chinese
Japanese
Hawaiian (Includes Part-Hawaiian)
Filipino
Asian Indian
Other Indian (Includes South and Central America, Since 2000)
Korean
Samoan
Vietnamese
Guamanian
Other Asian or Pacific Islander
Combined Other Asian Or Pacific Islander, Includes Data elements 18-68 For
Areas That Do Not Report Them Separately
Asian Or Pacific Islander, No Specific (Individual) Race
Multiple Races (Individual Races Not Specified; ex., “Mixed”, Since 2000)
All Other Races
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  275
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
SP3B
The PERSON Data File
Hispanic Origin
Definition: This data element records the Hispanic origin of this person from the death
certificate.
Additional Information: This data element is only coded for fatalities.
SAS Name: HISPANIC
Attribute Codes
19992000
00
01
02
03
04
05
05
06
06
-07
99
2001Later
00
01
02
03
04
-05
--06
07
99
Not A Fatality (Not Applicable)
Mexican
Puerto Rican
Cuban
Central or South American
Other or Unknown Hispanic (1999 Only)
European Spanish (Since 2000)
Hispanic, Origin Not Specified (1999 Only)
Other Hispanic Origin (Since 2000)
Hispanic, Origin Not Specified or Other Origin
Non-Hispanic
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  276
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
NM4
The PERSON Data File
Number of Motor Vehicle Striking Non-Motorist
Definition: This data element identifies the “Vehicle Number” (VEH_NO) of the in-transport
vehicle that made contact with this non-motorist.
Additional Information: This data element applies only to non-motorists/non-occupants and
reflects the vehicle that made contact with the non-motorist/non-occupant identified by the
Person Number (PER_NO).
The number must match the vehicle number of the striking vehicle. This number is similar to
VEH_NO, except that the non-motorist/non-occupant was struck by the vehicle, rather than
being within the vehicle.
SAS Name: N_MOT_NO
STR_VEH
1982-2010
2011-Later
Attribute Codes
19822008
00
01-98
99
2009Later
000
001-998
999
Occupant of a Motor Vehicle
Vehicle Number of Striking Vehicle
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  277
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
NM10
The PERSON Data File
Non-Motorist Location at Time of Crash
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute which best describes the location of this
non-motorist with respect to the roadway at the time of the crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: LOCATION
Attribute Codes
1975-1981
00
Not Applicable-Vehicle Occupant
01
Intersection-In Crosswalk
02
Intersection-Sidewalk, Median, Island, Shoulder, Other
03
Intersection-On Roadway
04
Intersection-Unknown
05
Non-Intersection-In Crosswalk
06
Non-Intersection-Sidewalk, Median, Island, Shoulder, Other
07
Non-Intersection-Bike Path
08
Non-Intersection-On Road Shoulder
09
Non-Intersection-Outside Trafficway
10
Non-Intersection-On Roadway
11
Non-Intersection-In Parking Lane (Since 1980)
12
Non-Intersection-Unknown
99
Unknown
19822009
00
2010Later
00
01
-02
-03
-04
05
09
10
-11
-12
13
14
-15
16
--
-01
-02
-03
--09
-10
-11
-13
-14
--16
Occupant of a Motor Vehicle (Includes Railway Train Occupants
Since 2006)
Intersection-In Crosswalk
Intersection-In Marked Crosswalk
Intersection-On Roadway, Not in Crosswalk
Intersection-Unmarked Crosswalk
Intersection-On Roadway, Crosswalk not Available
Intersection-Not in Crosswalk
Intersection-On Roadway, Crosswalk Availability Unknown
Intersection-Not on Roadway
Intersection-Unknown Location
Non-Intersection-In Crosswalk
Non-Intersection-In Marked Crosswalk
Non-Intersection-On Roadway, Not in Crosswalk
Non-Intersection-On Roadway, Not in Marked Crosswalk
Non-Intersection-On Roadway, Crosswalk not Available
Non-Intersection-On Roadway, Crosswalk Availability Unknown
Non-Intersection-In Parking Lane
Parking Lane/Zone
Non-Intersection-On Road Shoulder
Non-Intersection-Bike Path
Bicycle Lane
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  278
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
NM10
Non-Motorist Location at Time of Crash
The PERSON Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
19822009
17
18
19
--------99
2010Later
---20
21
22
23
24
25
28
98
99
Non-Intersection-Outside Trafficway
Non-Intersection-Other, Not a Roadway
Non-Intersection-Unknown
Shoulder/Roadside
Sidewalk
Median/Crossing Island
Driveway Access
Shared-Use Path/Trail
Non-Trafficway Area
Other
Not Reported
Unknown Location
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  279
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PERSON Data File
Discontinued PERSON Data Elements
Automatic Restraint
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element was discontinued after 1990.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: AUT_REST
Attribute Codes
1975-1989
0
Non-Motorist or Not Applicable
1
Automatic Belt in Use
2
Automatic Belt Not in Use
3
Deployed Air Bag (No Data 1983-1985)
4
Non-Deployed Air Bag (No Data 1983-1987)
5
Passive Belt (i.e., Passive Belt In Use, 1977-1979)
9
Unknown
1990
0
3
4
9
Non-Motorist
Deployed Air Bag
Non-Deployed Air Bag
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  280
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Manual Restraint
The PERSON Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element was discontinued after 1990.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: MAN_REST
Attribute Codes
1975-1990
0
None Used – Vehicle Occupant; Not Applicable – Non-Motorist
1
Shoulder Belt
2
Lap Belt
3
Lap and Shoulder Belt
4
Child Safety Seat
5
Motorcycle Helmet
8
Restraint Used – Type Unknown or Other Including Other Helmet
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  281
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
The PARKWORK Data File
The Parkwork data file includes Vehicle data elements applicable to Parked and Working
Vehicles. It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described
in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section. ST_CASE and VEH_NO
are the unique identifiers for each record. The Parkwork data file also contains the data
elements on the following pages.
The Parkwork data file replaced the Vehnit data file in 2010. The Vehnit data file ran from 2005
to 2009 and its element and attribute history is also provided here.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  282
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C4A
The PARKWORK Data File
Number of Motor Vehicles in Transport (MVIT)
Definition: This data element counts the number of vehicles in-transport involved in the crash.
Legally parked vehicles are not included.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VE_FORMS
PVE_FORMS
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052008
01-99
2009Later
001-999
Number of Vehicle Forms
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  283
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C8
Crash Date
C8A
Month of Crash
The PARKWORK Data File
Definition: This data element records the month in which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MONTH
2005-2009
PMONTH
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
1
January
2
February
3
March
4
April
5
May
6
June
7
July
8
August
9
September
10
October
11
November
12
December
C8B
Day of Crash
(FARS Only)
Definition: This data element records the day of the month on which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DAY
2009
PDAY 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
01-31
Day of the Month of the Crash
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  284
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C9
Crash Time
C9A
Hour of Crash
The PARKWORK Data File
Definition: This data element records the hour at which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: HOUR
PHOUR
2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
0-23 Hour
99
Unknown
C9B
Minute of Crash
Definition: This data element records the minutes after the hour at which the crash occurred.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MINUTE
PMINUTE
2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
0-59 Minute
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  285
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C18
The PARKWORK Data File
First Harmful Event
Definition: This data element describes the first injury or damage producing event of the crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name:
HARM_EV
2005-2009
PHARM_EV
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
01
02
03
04
05
06
-07
08
09
-10
-11
-12
-13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
-22
23
-24
25
26
27
28
29
2010Later
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
08
-09
-10
-11
-12
-14
15
16
17
18
19
20
-21
--23
24
25
26
----
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion (or Partial Immersion, Since 2012)
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcycle
Pedalcyclist
Railway Train
Railway Vehicle
Animal
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Same Roadway
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Other Roadway
Parked Motor Vehicle (Not In Transport)
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Abutment
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Parapet End
Bridge Rail
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
Other Traffic Barrier
Highway/Traffic Sign Post
Overhead Sign Support/Sign
Luminary/Light Support
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  286
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C18
First Harmful Event
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
30
-31
32
33
34
35
-36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
-45
-46
47
48
-49
50
51
-52
53
54
2010Later
-30
31
32
33
34
-35
--38
39
40
41
42
43
-44
-45
46
--48
49
50
-51
52
53
--
--
54
55
55
57
-----99
-55
57
58
59
72
73
98
99
Utility Pole
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
Embankment – Earth
Embankment
Embankment – Rock, Stone, or Concrete
Embankment – Material Type Unknown
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Working Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicles
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Vehicle Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own Vehicle (2005-2009)
Collision With Snow Bank (2005-2009)
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle Struck by Falling/Shifting Cargo or Anything Set in Motion by
Another Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo, Persons or Objects
Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Other Not in-Transport Motor Vehicle (2005-2007)
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway (Since 2008)
Cable Barrier (Since 2008)
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport (Since 2013)
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  287
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C19
The PARKWORK Data File
Manner of Collision
Definition: This data element describes the orientation of two motor vehicles in-transport when
they are involved in the “First Harmful Event” of a collision crash. If the “First Harmful Event” is
not a collision between two motor vehicles in-transport it is classified as such.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Accident data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MAN_COLL
2005-2009
PMAN_COLL 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
0
2010Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
-7
8
9
10
11
-99
1
2
----6
7
8
9
10
11
98
99
Not Collision with Motor Vehicle in Transport (Not Necessarily in Transport for
2005-2009)
Front-to-Rear
Front-to-Front
Angle – Front-to-Side, Same Direction
Angle – Front-to-Side, Opposite Direction
Angle – Front-to-Side, Right Angle (Includes Broadside)
Angle – Front-to-Side/Angle-Direction Not Specified
Angle
Sideswipe – Same Direction
Sideswipe – Opposite Direction
Rear-to-Side
Rear-to-Rear
Other (End-Swipes and Others)
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Manner of Collision
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  288
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V4
The PARKWORK Data File
Number of Occupants
Definition: This data element counts of the number of occupants in this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: OCUPANTS
NUMOCCS
2005-2008
2009
PNUMOCCS 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
00
01-95
96
98
99
None
The Actual Number of Occupants in The Vehicle
96 Or More Occupants in The Vehicle
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  289
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V5
The PARKWORK Data File
Unit Type
Definition: This data element identifies the type of unit that applies to this motor vehicle at the
time it became an involved vehicle in the crash and was reported as a unit on the PAR.
Additional Information: This data element also appears in the Vehicle data file as UNITTYPE.
The only valid attribute for UNITTYPE is 1 (Motor Vehicle in Transport (Inside or Outside the
Trafficway)).
SAS Name: UNITTYPE
PTYPE
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
2
Motor Vehicle Not in Transport Within the Trafficway
3
Motor Vehicle Not in Transport Outside the Trafficway
4
Working Motor Vehicle (Highway Construction, Maintenance, Utility Only)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  290
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V6
The PARKWORK Data File
Hit and Run
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was a contact vehicle in the crash
that did not stop to render aid (this can include drivers who flee the scene on foot). Hit and run
is coded when a motor vehicle in-transport, or its driver, departs from the scene; vehicles not intransport are excluded. It does not matter whether the hit-and-run vehicle was striking or struck.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: HIT_RUN
PHIT_RUN
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052008
0
1
-2
3
5
5
---
2009
0
-1
-----9
20102011
0
-1
----8
9
2012Later
0
-1
-----9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No / No Hit-and-Run
Hit Motor Vehicle in Transport
Yes
Hit Pedestrian or Non-Motorist
Hit Parked Vehicle (Working Vehicle, Since 2004) or Object
Other Involved Person, not a driver, left Scene (2005-2006)
Hit-and-Run, Other Involved Person Left Scene (2007-2008)
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  291
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V7
Registration State
The PARKWORK Data File
(FARS Only)
Definition: This element identifies the state in which this vehicle was registered.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: REG_STAT
2005-2009
PREG_STAT 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
01 Alabama
02 Alaska
03 American Samoa
04 Arizona
05 Arkansas
06 California
08 Colorado
09 Connecticut
10 Delaware
11 District of Columbia
12 Florida
13 Georgia
14 Guam
15 Hawaii
16 Idaho
17 Illinois
18 Indiana
19 Iowa
20 Kansas
21 Kentucky
22 Louisiana
23 Maine
24 Maryland
25 Massachusetts
26 Michigan
27 Minnesota
28 Mississippi
29 Missouri
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Virgin Islands
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Data Element Definitions and Codes  292
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V7
Registration State
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00
Not Applicable
91
Not Reported
92
No Registration
93
Multiple State Registrations
94
U.S. Government Tags (Includes Military)
95
Canada
96
Mexico
97
Other Foreign Country
98
Other Registration (Includes Native American Indian Nations)
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  293
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V8
The PARKWORK Data File
Registered Vehicle Owner
Definition: This data element identifies the type of registered owner of the vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: OWNER
POWNER
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052007
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
-9
2008Later
0
1
2
3
4
5
-6
9
Not Applicable, Vehicle Not Registered
Driver (of This Vehicle) Was Registered Owner
Driver (of This Vehicle) Not Registered Owner (Other Private Owner)
Vehicle Registered as Business/Company/Government Vehicle
Vehicle Registered as Rental Vehicle
Vehicle Was Stolen (Reported By Police)
Driverless Vehicle
Driverless/Motor Vehicle Parked/Stopped Off Roadway
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  294
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Make
Definition: This data element identifies the make (manufacturer) of this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: MAKE
PMAKE
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
01
American Motors
02
Jeep/Kaiser-Jeep/Willys Jeep
03
AM General
06
Chrysler
07
Dodge
08
Imperial
09
Plymouth
10
Eagle
12
Ford
13
Lincoln
14
Mercury
18
Buick/Opel
19
Cadillac
20
Chevrolet
21
Oldsmobile
22
Pontiac
23
GMC
24
Saturn
25
Grumman
26
Coda (Since 2013)
29
Other Domestic
Avanti
Checker
DeSoto
Excalibur
Hudson
Packard
Panoz
Saleen
Studebaker
Stutz
30
Volkswagen
31
Alfa Romeo
32
Audi
33
Austin/Austin Healey
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  295
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
34
BMW
35
Datsun/Nissan
36
Fiat
37
Honda
38
Isuzu
39
Jaguar
40
Lancia
41
Mazda
42
Mercedes-Benz
43
MG
44
Peugeot
45
Porsche
46
Renault
47
Saab
48
Subaru
49
Toyota
50
Triumph
51
Volvo
52
Mitsubishi
53
Suzuki
54
Acura
55
Hyundai
56
Merkur
57
Yugo
58
Infiniti
59
Lexus
60
Daihatsu
61
Sterling
62
Land Rover
63
Kia
64
Daewoo
65
Smart (Since 2010)
66
Mahindra (2011-2013)
67
Scion (Since 2012)
69
Other Imports
Aston Martin
Bentley
Bertone
Bricklin
Citroen
DeLorean
Desta
Ferrari
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  296
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
69
Other Imports (continued)
Gazelle
Hillman
Jensen
Lada
Lamborghini
Lotus
Maserati
Maybach
Mini Copper
Morgan
Morris
Reliant (British)
Rolls-Royce
Simca
Singer
Spyker
Sunbeam
TVR
70
BSA
71
Ducati
72
Harley-Davidson
73
Kawasaki
74
Moto Guzzi
75
Norton
76
Yamaha
77
Victory
78
Other Make Moped (Since 2010)
79
Other Make Motored Cycle (Since 2010)
80
Brockway
81
Diamond Reo/Reo
82
Freightliner
83
FWD
84
International Harvester/Navistar
85
Kenworth
86
Mack
87
Peterbilt
88
Iveco/Magirus
89
White/Autocar, White/GMC
90
Bluebird
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  297
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V9
Vehicle Make
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
91
Eagle Coach
92
Gillig
93
MCI
94
Thomas Built
97
Not Reported (Since 2010)
98
Other Make
Auto-Union-DKW
Carpenter
Collins Bus
DINA
Divco
Hino
Mid Bus
Neoplan
Orion
Oshkosh
Scania
Sterling
UD
Van Hool
Western Star
99
Unknown Make
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  298
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V10
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Model
Definition: This data element identifies the model of this vehicle within a given make.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: MODEL
PMODEL
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
See the current FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manual for vehicle model codes.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  299
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
The PARKWORK Data File
Body Type
Definition: This data element identifies a classification of this vehicle based on its general body
configuration, size, shape, doors, etc.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: BODY_TYP
2005-2009
PBODYTYP
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
-19
20
21
22
28
29
30
31
32
33
39
40
2010Later
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
20
21
22
28
29
30
31
32
33
39
40
41
42
45
41
42
45
Convertible (Excludes Sunroof, T-Bar)
2-Door Sedan/Hardtop/Coupe
3-Door/2-Door Hatchback
4-Door Sedan/Hardtop
5-Door/4-Door Hatchback
Station Wagon (Excluding Van and Truck-Based)
Hatchback, Number of Doors Unknown
Sedan/Hardtop, Number of Doors Unknown
Other or Unknown Automobile Type
Auto-Based Pickup
Auto-Based Panel (Cargo Station Wagon, Auto-Based Ambulance or Hearse)
Large Limousine – More Than Four Side Doors or Stretch Chassis
Three-Wheel Automobile or Automobile Derivative
Compact Utility (ANSI D-16 Utility Vehicle Categories “Small” and “Midsize”)
Large Utility (ANSI D-16 Utility Vehicle Categories “Full Size” and “Large”)
Utility Station Wagon
3-Door Coupe
Utility Unknown Body
Minivan
Large Van – Includes Van-Based Buses
Step Van or Walk-In Van
Other Van Type (Hi-Cube Van)
Unknown Van Type
Compact Pickup (Gross Vehicle Weight, GVWR, < 4,500 lbs)
Standard Pickup
Pickup with Slide-In Camper
Convertible Pickup
Unknown (Pickup Style) Light Conventional Truck Type
Cab Chassis-Based (Includes Light Stake, Light Dump, Light Tow, Rescue
Vehicles)
Truck-Based Panel
Light-Truck-Based Motorhome (Chassis Mounted)
Other Light Conventional Truck Type (Includes Stretched Suburban
Limousine)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  300
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
48
-49
50
51
52
-58
59
60
61
--
2010Later
48
48
49
50
51
52
55
58
59
60
61
61
62
--
62
62
63
-64
-65
66
67
-71
63
63
-64
65
66
67
68
71
72
72
73
78
79
80
81
82
83
88
88
73
78
79
80
81
82
83
-88
89
90
91
92
93
89
90
91
92
93
Unknown Light-Truck Type (Not a Pickup, 2005-2012)
Unknown Light Truck Type (Since 2013)
Unknown Light-Vehicle Type (Automobile, Utility Vehicle, Van or Light Truck)
School Bus
Cross-Country/Intercity Bus (i.e., Greyhound)
Transit Bus (City Bus)
Van-Based Bus GVWR > 10,000 lbs. (Since 2011)
Other Bus Type
Unknown Bus Type
Step Van
Single-Unit Straight Truck (10,000 lbs < GVWR <= 19,500 lbs) (2005-2010)
Single-Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (10,000 lbs < GVWR <=
19,500 lbs) (Since 2011)
Single-Unit Straight Truck (19,500 lbs < GVWR <= 26,000 lbs) (2005-2010)
Single-Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (19,500 lbs < GVWR <=
26,000 lbs) (Since 2011)
Single-Unit Straight Truck (GVWR > 26,000 lbs) (2005-2010)
Single-Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (GVWR > 26,000 lbs) (Since 2011)
Single-Unit Straight Truck
Single Unit Straight Truck or Cab-Chassis (GVWR Unknown) (Since 2011)
Medium/Heavy Truck-Based Motorhome
Truck/Tractor (Cab Only, or with Any Number of Trailing Units: Any Weight)
Medium/Heavy Pickup (GVWR > 10,000 lbs)
Single-Unit Straight Truck (GVWR Unknown) (2010 Only)
Unknown if Single-Unit or Combination-Unit Medium Truck (10,000 lbs <
GVWR < 26,000 lbs)
Unknown if Single-Unit or Combination-Unit Heavy Truck (GVWR >
26,000 lbs.)
Camper or Motorhome, Unknown Truck Type
Unknown Medium/Heavy Truck Type
Unknown Truck Type
Motorcycle
Moped (Motorized Bicycle)
Three-Wheel Motorcycle/Moped- Not All-Terrain Vehicle
Off-Road Motorcycle (2-Wheel)
Other Motored Cycle Type (Mini-Bikes, Motor Scooters) (2005-2007)
Other Motored Cycle Type (Mini-Bikes, Motor Scooters, Pocket Motorcycles,
Pocket Bikes) (Since 2008)
Unknown Motored Cycle Type
ATV (All-Terrain Vehicle; Includes 3 or 4 Wheels)
Snowmobile
Farm Equipment Other Than Trucks
Construction Equipment Other Than Trucks (Includes Graders)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  301
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V11
Body Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
--
2010Later
94
-97
95
97
-99
98
99
Low Speed Vehicle (LSV)/Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV)
(Since 2011)
Golf Cart (Since 2012)
Other Vehicle Type (Includes Go-Cart, Fork-Lift, City Street Sweeper,
Dune/Swamp Buggy, Golf Cart)
Not Reported
Unknown Body Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  302
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V12
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Model Year
Definition: This data element identifies the manufacturer's model year of this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: MOD_YEAR
2005-2009
PMODYEAR 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
0000-9997
9998
9999
Actual year of vehicle manufacture
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  303
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V13
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Definition: This data element records the vehicle identification number (VIN) of this vehicle
assigned by the vehicle manufacturer. The VIN contains information on the vehicle such as:
manufacturer, model year, model, body type, restraint type, etc.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VIN
PVIN
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-2008
-xxxxxxxxxxxx
----
2009
-xxxxxxxxxxxx
000000000000
---
2010-Later
-xxxxxxxxxxxx
000000000000
888888888888
999999999999
First 10 Characters
First 12 Characters
No VIN Required
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  304
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V14
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Trailing
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle had any attached trailing units or
was towing another motor vehicle. A trailing unit can be a horse trailer, fifth wheel trailer,
camper, boat, truck trailer, towed vehicle or any other trailer.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: TOW_VEH
2005-2009
PTRAILER
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052008
0
1
2
3
4
5
--9
2009Later
0
1
2
3
4
-5
6
9
No Trailing Unit
Yes, One Trailing Unit
Yes, Two Trailing Units
Yes, Three or More Trailing Units
Yes, Number of Trailing Units Unknown
Vehicle Towing another Motor Vehicle
Vehicle Towing another Motor Vehicle – Fixed Linkage
Vehicle Towing another Motor Vehicle – Non-Fixed Linkage
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  305
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V16
The PARKWORK Data File
Motor Carrier Identification Number
Definition: This data element records the issuing authority and motor carrier identification
number if applicable to this vehicle. This data element is the combination of two data elements,
MCARR_I1 and MCARR_I2.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MCARR_ID
2005-2009
PMCARR_ID 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
xxxxxxxxxxx
2010Later
xxxxxxxxxxx
00000000000
-88888888888
99999999999
00000000000
77777777777
88888888888
99999999999
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
11-Character Combination of MCARR_I1 followed by
MCARR_I2
Not Applicable
Not Reported
None
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  306
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V16A
The PARKWORK Data File
MCID Issuing Authority
Definition: This data element records the issuing authority if applicable to this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MCARR_I1
2007-2009
PMCARR_I1 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20072009
00
01-56
57
58
-88
95
96
99
2010Later
00
01-56
57
58
77
88
95
96
99
Not Applicable
FARS State Code
US DOT
MC/MX (ICC)
Not Reported
None
Canada
Mexico
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  307
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V16B
The PARKWORK Data File
MCID Identification Number
Definition: This data element records the motor carrier identification number if applicable to
this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MCARR_I2
2007-2009
PMCARR_I2 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2007-Later
xxxxxxxxx
000000000
777777777
888888888
999999999
Actual 9-Digit Number
Not Applicable
Not Reported
None
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  308
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V17
The PARKWORK Data File
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
Definition: This data element identifies the gross vehicle weight rating of this vehicle if
applicable.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: GVWR
PGVWR
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
0
1
2
3
-9
2010Later
0
1
2
3
8
9
Not Applicable
10,000 lbs or Less
10,001 lbs - 26,000 lbs
26,001 lbs or More
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  309
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V18
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Configuration
Definition: This data element identifies the general configuration of this vehicle if applicable.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: V_CONFIG
2005-2009
PV_CONFIG 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
0
2010Later
--
-1
-2
3
4
-5
6
-7
-8
--19
-20
-21
21
-70
0
-1
2
--4
5
-6
-7
-8
10
-19
-20
--21
--
80
--99
-98
99
--
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus or Vehicle Displaying a
Hazardous Material Placard
Not Applicable
Single-Unit Truck (2 axles, 6 tires)
Single-Unit Truck (2 axles and GVWR more than 10,000 lbs.)
Single-Unit Truck (3 or More axles)
Single-Unit Truck (Unknown Number of Axles, Tires)
Truck/Trailer(s)
Truck Pulling Trailer(s)
Truck Tractor (Bobtail, i.e., Tractor Only, No Trailer)
Tractor/Semi-Trailer (One Trailer)
Tractor/Semi-Trailer
Tractor/Doubles (Two Trailers)
Truck Tractor/Double
Tractor/Triples (Three Trailers)
Truck Tractor/Triple
Vehicle 10,000 lbs or Less Placarded for Hazardous Materials
Medium/Heavy Trucks, Cannot Classify
Truck More than 10,000 lbs., Cannot Classify
Bus (Seats for 9-15 Occupants, Including Driver)
Bus/Large Van (Seats for 9-15 Occupants, Including Driver)
Bus (Seats for More Than 15 People, Including Driver, 2005-2006)
Bus (Seats for 16 or More People, Including Driver, 2007-2009)
Bus (Seats for More Than 15 Occupants, Including Driver, 2010-Later)
Light Truck (Van, Mini-Van, Panel, Pickup, Sport Utility Vehicle Displaying a
Hazardous Material Placard)
Passenger Car (Only When Displaying a Hazardous Material Placard)
Not Reported (2010-2012)
Unknown
Unknown if Light or Medium/Heavy Truck/Bus
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  310
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V19
The PARKWORK Data File
Cargo Body Type
Definition: This data element identifies the primary cargo carrying capability of this vehicle if
applicable.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: CARGO_BT
2005-2009
PCARGTYP
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052008
0
-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-10
11
-12
20
21
21
--96
97
2009Later
-0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-9
10
-11
12
---22
28
96
--
-98
--99
--
97
-98
--99
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
Not Applicable
Van/Enclosed Box
Cargo Tank
Flatbed
Dump
Concrete Mixer
Auto Transporter
Garbage/Refuse
Grain, Chips, Gravel
Pole
Pole-Trailer
Log (Since 2007)
Intermodal Chassis (2007-2008)
Intermodal Container Chassis
Vehicle Towing Another Motor Vehicle (Since 2007)
Bus (Seats 9-15 People, Including Driver)
Bus (Seats More than 15 People, Including Driver, 2005-2006)
Bus (Seats for 16 or More People, Including Driver, 2007-2008)
Bus
Not Reported (2010-2012)
No Cargo Body Type
Medium/Heavy Truck, or Bus, Other Cargo Body Type (Not Data elements
01-12, 20-21)
Other
Medium/Heavy Truck, or Bus, Unknown Cargo Body Type
Unknown Cargo Body Type
Unknown Vehicle Type
Unknown if Light or Medium/Heavy Truck/Bus
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  311
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V20A/HM1
The PARKWORK Data File
Hazardous Material Involvement
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was carrying hazardous materials.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: HAZ_INV
PHAZ_INV
2007-2009
2010-Later
2007-Later
1
No
2
Yes
V20B/HM2
Hazardous Material Placard
Definition: This data element identifies the presence of hazardous materials for this vehicle
and whether this vehicle displayed a hazardous materials placard.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: HAZ_PLAC
2007-2009
PHAZPLAC
2010-Later
2007-Later
0
Not Applicable
1
No
2
Yes
8
Not Reported
V20C/HM3
Hazardous Material Identification Number
Definition: This data element identifies the 4-digit hazardous material identification number for
this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: HAZ_ID
PHAZ_ID
2007-2009
2010-Later
2007-Later
0000 Not Applicable
xxxx Actual 4-Digit Number
8888 Not Reported
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  312
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V20D/HM4
The PARKWORK Data File
Hazardous Material Class Number
Definition: This data element identifies the single-digit hazardous material class number for
this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: HAZ_CNO
PHAZ_CNO
2007-2009
2010-Later
2007
0
1-7 or 9
8
Not Applicable
Actual Number
Not Reported
2008-Later
0
1-9
88
Not Applicable
Actual Number
Not Reported
V20E/HM5
Release of Hazardous Material from the Cargo Compartment
Definition: This data element identifies whether any hazardous cargo was released from the
cargo tank or compartment of this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: HAZ_REL
PHAZ_REL
2007-2009
2010-Later
2007-Later
0
Not Applicable
1
No
2
Yes
8
Not Reported
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  313
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V21
The PARKWORK Data File
Bus Use
Definition: This data element describes the common type of bus service this vehicle was being
used as at the time of the crash or the primary use for the bus if not in service at the time of the
crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: BUS_USE
PBUS_USE
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
Not Used as a Bus
1
Used as a Public School Bus
2
Used as a Private School Bus
3
Used as a School Bus, Public or Private Unknown
4
Used as a Scheduled Service Bus
5
Used as a Tour Bus
6
Used as a Commuter Bus
7
Used as a Shuttle Bus
8
Modified for Personal/Private Use
9
Unknown Bus Use
2010-Later
00
Not a Bus
01
School Bus
04
Intercity Bus
05
Charter/Tour Bus
06
Transit/Commuter Bus
07
Shuttle Bus
08
Modified for Personal/Private Use
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  314
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V22
The PARKWORK Data File
Special Use
Definition: This data element identifies any special use associated with this vehicle at the time
of the crash..
Additional Information:
SAS Name: SPEC_USE
PSP_USE
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
0
1
2
-3
4
5
6
7
8
---9
20102011
0
1
2
-3
4
5
6
7
8
--98
99
2012
0
1
-2
3
4
5
6
7
8
--98
99
2013Later
0
1
-2
3
4
5
6
7
-8
13
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
No Special Use
Taxi
Vehicle Used for School Bus
Vehicle Used as School Transport
Vehicle Used as Other Bus
Military
Police
Ambulance
Fire Truck
Emergency Services Vehicle (2009-2012)
Non-Transport Emergency Services Vehicle
Incident Response
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  315
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V23
The PARKWORK Data File
Emergency Motor Vehicle Use
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle was engaged in emergency use.
Emergency Use indicates operation of any motor vehicle that is legally authorized by a
government authority to respond to emergencies with or without the use of emergency warning
equipment, such as a police vehicle, fire truck or ambulance while actually engaged in such
response.
Additional Information: Prior to 2013 this data element was called “Emergency Use.”
See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more information.
SAS Name: EMER_USE
PEM_USE
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
0
-1
-------
20102012
0
-1
----8
9
2013Later
-0
-2
3
4
5
8
9
No
Not Applicable
Yes
Non-Emergency, Non-Transport
Non-Emergency Transport
Emergency Operation, Emergency Warning Equipment Not In Use
Emergency Operation, Emergency Warning Equipment In Use
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  316
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V25
The PARKWORK Data File
Underride/Override
Definition: This data element identifies this vehicle’s involvement in an underride or override
during the crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: UNDERIDE
2005-2009
PUNDERIDE 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
0
No Underride or Override (2005-2011)
0
No Underride or Override Noted (2012-Later)
WITH MOTOR VEHICLE IN TRANSPORT
1
Underride (Compartment Intrusion)
2
Underride (No Compartment Intrusion)
3
Underride (Compartment Intrusion Unknown)
WITH MOTOR VEHICLE NOT IN TRANSPORT
4
Underride (Compartment Intrusion)
5
Underride (No Compartment Intrusion)
6
Underride (Compartment Intrusion Unknown)
7
8
9
Override, Motor Vehicle in Transport
Override, Motor Vehicle Not in Transport
Unknown if Underride or Override
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  317
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V28A
The PARKWORK Data File
Initial Contact Point
Definition: This data element identifies the area on this vehicle that produced the first instance
of injury to non-motorists or occupants of this vehicle, or that resulted in the first instance of
damage to other property or to this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: IMPACT1
2005-2009
PIMPACT1
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
0
1-12
13
14
18
---------------99
20102011
0
1-12
13
14
-18
---61
62
-63
-81
82
-83
-98
99
2012
0
1-12
13
14
--18
--61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2013Later
0
1-12
13
14
---18
19
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
Non-Collision
Clock points
Top
Undercarriage
This Vehicle Set Something in Motion
Causing Injury or Damage (Not a Clock Point)
Set-in-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-in-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  318
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V29
The PARKWORK Data File
Extent of Damage
Definition: This data element records the amount of damage sustained by this vehicle as
indicated on the PAR based on an operational damage scale.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VEH_SEV
PVEH_SEV
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-2008
0
None
2
Other (Minor)
4
Functional (Moderate)
6
Disabling (Severe)
9
Unknown
2009
0
2
4
6
-9
2010Later
0
2
4
6
8
9
No Damage
Minor Damage
Functional Damage
Disabling Damage
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  319
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V30
The PARKWORK Data File
Vehicle Removal
Definition: This data element describes the mode by which this vehicle left the scene of the
crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: TOWAWAY
2005-2008
TOWED
2009
PTOWED
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052008
1
2
-3
----9
2009
1
-2
-3
4
--9
20102012
1
-2
-3
4
-8
9
2013Later
--2
-3
-5
8
9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driven Away
Towed Away
Towed Due to Disabling Damage
Abandoned/Left Scene
Towed Not Due to Disabling Damage
Abandoned/Left Scene
Not Towed
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  320
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
The PARKWORK Data File
Most Harmful Event
Definition: This data element describes the event that resulted in the most severe injury or, if
no injury, the greatest property damage involving this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: M_HARM
PM_HARM
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
01
02
03
04
05
06
-07
08
09
-10
-11
-12
-13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
-22
23
-24
25
26
27
20102012
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
08
-09
-10
-11
-12
-14
15
16
17
18
19
20
-21
--23
24
25
26
--
2013Later
01
02
03
04
05
-06
07
08
-09
-10
-11
-12
-14
15
16
17
18
19
20
-21
--23
24
25
26
--
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion (or Partial Immersion, Since 2012)
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcycle
Pedalcyclist
Railway Train
Railway Vehicle
Animal
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Same Roadway
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Other Roadway
Parked Motor Vehicle
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Abutment
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Parapet End
Bridge Rail
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
Other Traffic Barrier
Highway/Traffic Sign Post
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  321
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
Most Harmful Event
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
28
29
30
-31
32
33
34
35
-36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
-45
-46
47
48
-49
50
51
-52
53
54
20102012
---30
31
32
33
34
-35
--38
39
40
41
42
43
-44
-45
46
--48
49
50
-51
52
53
--
2013Later
---30
31
32
33
34
-35
--38
39
40
41
42
43
-44
-45
46
--48
49
50
-51
52
53
--
--
54
54
55
55
57
-----
-55
57
58
59
72
--
-55
57
58
59
72
73
Overhead Sign Support/Sign
Luminary/Light Support
Utility Pole
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
Embankment – Earth
Embankment
Embankment – Rock, Stone, or Concrete
Embankment – Material Type Unknown
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Working Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicles
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Vehicle Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own Vehicle
Collision With Snow Bank
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle Struck by Falling/Shifting Cargo or Anything Set in
Motion by Another Motor Vehicle in Transport
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo, Persons or
Objects Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Other Not in-Transport Motor Vehicle (2005-2007)
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway (Since 2008)
Cable Barrier (Since 2008)
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  322
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V32
Most Harmful Event
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
-99
20102012
98
99
2013Later
-99
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  323
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V33
The PARKWORK Data File
Related Factors – Vehicle Level
Definition: This data element records factors related to this vehicle expressed by the
investigating officer.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VEH_CF1, VEH_CF2
PVEH_SC1, PVEH_SC2
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052009
00
01
02
03
04
2010Later
00
-----
05
--
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
31
32
33
35
35
36
37
39
---------------32
33
-35
36
37
39
40
41
40
41
None
Tires (Does Not Include Wheels, See Value 16)
Brake System
Steering System- Tie Rod, Kingpin, Ball Joint, etc.
Suspension- Springs, Shock Absorbers, MacPherson struts, Axle Bearing,
Control Arms, etc.
Power Train (Power Train/Engine)- Universal Joint, Drive Shaft,
Transmission, etc.
Exhaust System
Headlights
Signal Lights
Other Lights
Horn
Mirrors
Wipers
Driver Seating and Control
Body, Doors, Hood, Other
Trailer Hitch
Wheels
Air Bags
Other Vehicle Defects
Safety Belts
Hit-and-Run Vehicle (2005-2008)
Vehicle Registration for Handicapped
Vehicle Being Pushed by Non-Motorist
Reconstructed Vehicle (2005-2007)
Reconstructed/Altered Vehicle (Since 2008)
Electric/Alternative Fuel Vehicle
Transporting Children to/from Head Start/Day Care
Highway Construction, Maintenance or Utility Vehicle, In Transport (Inside or
Outside Work Zone)
Highway Incident Response Vehicle
Police Fire or EMS Vehicle Working at the Scene of an Emergency or
Performing Other Traffic Control Activities
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  324
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V33
Related Factors – Vehicle Level
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
42
2010Later
42
43
44
99
-44
99
Other Working Vehicle (Not Construction, Maintenance, Utility, Police, Fire, or
EMS Vehicle)
Hazardous Materials/Cargo Released From This Vehicle (2005-2006)
Adaptive Equipment (Since 2007)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  325
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V34
The PARKWORK Data File
Fire Occurrence
Definition: This data element identifies whether a fire in any way related to the crash occurred
in this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: FIRE_EXP
PFIRE
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
20052007
0
-1
---
2008
0
-1
-2
2009Later
-0
-1
--
No Fire
No or Not Reported
Fire Occurred in This Vehicle during Crash
Yes
Fire Occurred in This Vehicle and Initiated Fire/Explosion in Another
Vehicle
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  326
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V100
The PARKWORK Data File
Make Model Combined
Definition: This data element represents the 5-digit combined codes of the data elements
MAKE and MODEL.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MAK_MOD
2005-2009
PMAK_MOD 2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
See the current FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manual for vehicle make and
model codes.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  327
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V101
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 1
Definition: This data element represents the first character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_1
PVIN_1
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
First Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  328
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V102
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 2
Definition: This data element represents the second character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_2
PVIN_2
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Second Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  329
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V103
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 3
Definition: This data element represents the third character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_3
PVIN_3
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Third Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  330
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V104
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 4
Definition: This data element represents the fourth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_4
PVIN_4
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Fourth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  331
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V105
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 5
Definition: This data element represents the fifth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_5
PVIN_5
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Fifth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  332
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V106
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 6
Definition: This data element represents the sixth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_6
PVIN_6
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Sixth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  333
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V107
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 7
Definition: This data element represents the seventh character in the VIN string for this
vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_7
PVIN_7
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Seventh Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  334
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V108
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 8
Definition: This data element represents the eighth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_8
PVIN_8
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Eighth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  335
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V109
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 9
Definition: This data element represents the ninth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_9
PVIN_9
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Ninth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  336
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V110
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 10
Definition: This data element represents the tenth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_10
PVIN_10
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Tenth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  337
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V111
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 11
Definition: This data element represents the eleventh character in the VIN string for this
vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_11
PVIN_11
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Eleventh Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  338
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V112
The PARKWORK Data File
VIN Character 12
Definition: This data element represents the twelfth character in the VIN string for this vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: VIN_12
PVIN_12
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
x
Twelfth Character in the VIN String
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  339
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V150
The PARKWORK Data File
Fatalities in Vehicle (Number)
Definition: This derived data element records the number of fatalities that occurred in this
vehicle and is derived by counting all persons with “Injury Severity” of 4 in the vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DEATHS
PDEATHS
2005-2009
2010-Later
Attribute Codes
2005-Later
00-99
Number of Fatalities that Occurred in the Vehicle.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  340
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Discontinued PARKWORK Data Elements
Axle
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element counts the total number of axles on the vehicle (and converter
dolly), including the trailing units (includes raised axles).
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: AXLES
Attribute Codes
2005-2007
00
02-97
98
99
Not Applicable, Not a Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
Number of Axles
Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus, Number of Axles Unknown
Unknown if Light or Medium/Heavy Truck or Bus
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  341
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Carburetion
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of barrels for the engine of this vehicle or a
code indicating that the engine is high-performance, fuel-injected, turbocharged, or
electronically-controlled.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PCARBUR
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
0-8
Actual Number of Barrels
A
1 Barrel, Lower HP
B
1 Barrel, Higher HP
C
1 Barrel, Turbo
D
1 Barrel, Turbo Low HP
E
1 Barrel, Turbo High HP
F
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Fuel injection
G
1 Barrel, Electronically controlled
H
Number of Barrels Not Specified, High performance
J
2 Barrels, Lower HP
K
2 Barrels, Higher HP
L
2 Barrels, Turbo
M
2 Barrels, Turbo Low HP
N
2 Barrels, Turbo High HP
P
2 Barrels, Electronically controlled
Q
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Electronically controlled
R
4 Barrels, Electronically controlled
S
4 Barrels, Lower HP
T
1, 2 or 4 Barrels,Turbo Fuel Injected
U
4 Barrels, Higher HP
V
4 Barrels, Turbo
W
4 Barrels, Turbo Low HP
X
4 Barrels, Turbo High HP
Y
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Turbo
Z
Number of Barrels Not Specified, Super Charged
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  342
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Crash Avoidance Maneuver
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element is collected to indicate if an avoidance maneuver was taken by
the driver to avoid the crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: AVOID
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
No Avoidance Maneuver Reported
1
Braking (Skid Marks Evident)
2
Braking (No Skid Marks; Driver Stated)
3
Braking (Other Reported Evidence)
4
Steering (Evidence or Stated)
5
Steering and Braking (Evidence or Stated)
6
Other Avoidance Maneuver
8
Not Reported / (Inconclusive Since 1999, By Police)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  343
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Commercial Motor Vehicle License Status
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element indicates the status of the driver’s Commercial Driver’s License
(CDL) if applicable.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: CDL_STAT
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
No Commercial Driver's License (CDL)
1
Suspended
2
Revoked
3
Expired
4
Cancelled or Denied
5
Disqualified
6
Valid
7
Learner's Permit
8
Other – Not Valid
9
Unknown CDL
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  344
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Compliance with CDL Endorsements
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies whether the vehicle driven at the time of the crash
required endorsement(s) on a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) and whether this driver was
complying with the CDL endorsements.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: L_ENDORS
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
No Endorsements Required For This Vehicle
1
Endorsement(s) Required, Complied With
2
Endorsement(s) Required, Not Complied With
3
Endorsement(s) Required, Compliance Unknown
-No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
-Not Reported
9
Unknown, if Required
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  345
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Compliance with License Restrictions
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element indicates whether this driver was compliant with restrictions on
their license.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: L_RESTRI
Attribute Codes
1975-2009
0
No Restrictions or Not Applicable
1
Restrictions Complied With
2
Restrictions Not Complied With
3
Restrictions, Compliance Unknown
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  346
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Cubic Inch Displacement
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the manufacturer’s cubic inch displacement of the
engine pistons for this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PDISPLACE
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxx
Actual Cubic Inch Displacement (cid)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  347
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Curb Weight
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the base weight of the series for this vehicle. This is
available for Passenger Type Vehicles only (VINTYPE='P').
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VIN_WGT
PVIN_WGT
2005-2009
2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
0
1-9998
9999
Not Available
Actual weight of Automobile (lbs)
Value Not Coded
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  348
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver Drinking
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records whether the driver was drinking and is derived from data
elements in the Vehicle and Person data files.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DR_DRINK
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
No Drinking
1
Drinking
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  349
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver Height
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies this driver's height (in inches).
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DR_HGT
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
24-107
Actual Height in Inches
999
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  350
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver Presence
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies whether a driver was present in this vehicle at the
onset of the unstabilized situation.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DR_PRES
Attribute Codes
20052008
-1
-2
3
4
2009
0
-1
----
4
--
9
9
No Driver Present/Not Applicable
Driver Operated Vehicle
Yes
Driverless (No Driver)
Driver Left Scene
Motor Vehicle not In-Transport (Parked/Stopped Off Roadway/ Working
Motor Vehicle/In Motion Outside Trafficway, 2008 Only)
Motor Vehicle not In-Transport (Parked/Stopped Off Roadway/Working/ In
Motion Outside Trafficway, 2005-2007)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  351
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver Weight
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies this driver's weight (in pounds).
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DR_WGT
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
40-700
Actual Weight in Pounds
998
Other
999
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  352
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver’s License State
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This element identifies the state of issue for the license held by this driver.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: L_STATE
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
01 Alabama
02 Alaska
03 American Samoa
04 Arizona
05 Arkansas
06 California
08 Colorado
09 Connecticut
10 Delaware
11 District of Columbia
12 Florida
13 Georgia
14 Guam
15 Hawaii
16 Idaho
17 Illinois
18 Indiana
19 Iowa
20 Kansas
21 Kentucky
22 Louisiana
23 Maine
24 Maryland
25 Massachusetts
26 Michigan
27 Minnesota
28 Mississippi
29 Missouri
94
94
95
96
97
99
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Virgin Islands (Since 2004)
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Military (2005-2006)
U.S. Government (Since 2007)
Canada
Mexico
Other Foreign Country
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  353
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver’s Vision Obscured by
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records impediments to a driver’s visual field that were noted in
the case materials.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: D_VISION1, D_VISION2, D_VISION3
Attribute Codes
2009
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
97
98
99
No Obstruction Noted
Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust
Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights
Curve, Hill, or Other Roadway Design Features
Building, Billboard, or Other Structure
Trees, Crops, Vegetation
In-Transport Motor Vehicle (Including Load)
Not-in-Transport Motor Vehicle (Parked, Working)
Splash or Spray of Passing Vehicle
Inadequate Defrost or Defog System
Inadequate Vehicle Lighting System
Obstructing Interior to the Vehicle
External Mirrors
Broken or Improperly Cleaned Windshield
Obstructing Angles on Vehicle
Vision Obscured – No Details
Other Visual Obstruction
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  354
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Driver’s ZIP Code
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records the zip code of the driver’s address as listed in the case
material.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DR_ZIP
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00000
Not a Resident of U. S. or Territories
xxxxx
Actual Zip Code, Five Numeric
99999
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  355
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Fuel Code
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the fuel type for this vehicle determined by the
manufacturer specification and recommendation.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: FLDCD_TR
2005-2009
PFUECODE
2010-2012
Attribute Codes
20052009
-C
20102012
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
M
N
P
9
D
E
F
G
H
M
N
P
9
Electric and Gasoline Hybrid Engine
Gasoline Engine That Can Be Easily Converted to Gaseous-Powered Engine
(Powered by Natural Gas, Propane, etc.)
Diesel
Electric
Flexible Fuel
Gas
Ethanol Fuel Only
Methanol Gas Only
Compressed Natural Gas
Propane
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  356
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the presence of hazardous cargo for this vehicle and
records information about the hazardous cargo when present.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: HAZ_CARG
Attribute Codes
2005-2006
0
No
-Yes
1
Yes, Placarded
2
Yes, Not Placarded
3
Yes, Unknown if Placarded
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  357
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Jackknife
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies whether this vehicle experienced a jackknife anytime
during the unstabilized situation.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: J_KNIFE
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
Not an Articulated Vehicle
1
No
2
Yes, First Event
3
Yes, Subsequent Event
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  358
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
License Compliance with Class of Vehicle
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the type of license possessed or not possessed by this
driver for the class of vehicle being driven at the time of the crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: L_COMPL
2005-2009
0
Not Licensed
1
No License Required for This Class Vehicle
2
No Valid License for This Class Vehicle
3
Valid License for This Class Vehicle
8
Unknown if CDL and/or CDL Endorsement Required for This Vehicle
9
Unknown
More Information on Driver License Type Compliance
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  359
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Location of Rollover
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the location of the trip point or start of this vehicle's roll.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: ROLINLOC
Attribute Codes
2009
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
9
No Rollover
On Roadway
On Shoulder
On Median/Separator
In Gore
On Roadside
Outside of Trafficway
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  360
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Month of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records the month of the first crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: FIRST_MO
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
No Record
01
January
02
February
03
March
04
April
05
May
06
June
07
July
08
August
09
September
10
October
11
November
12
December
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  361
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Month of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records the month of the last crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: LAST_MO
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
No Record
01
January
02
February
03
March
04
April
05
May
06
June
07
July
08
August
09
September
10
October
11
November
12
December
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  362
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Most Damaged Area
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the area on this vehicle that was most damaged during
an event in the crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PIMPACT2
Attribute Codes
20052009
00
01-12
13
14
18
--------99
20102011
00
01-12
13
14
-18
61
62
63
81
82
83
98
99
Non-Collision
Clock points
Top
Undercarriage
This Vehicle Set Something in Motion Causing Injury or Damage
(Not a Clock Point)
Set-in-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Back Half
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Back Half
Not Reported
Unknown
More Information on Impact
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  363
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Motorcycle Dry Weight
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the dry weight of this motorcycle model.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PMCYCL_WT
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxxx Weight (lbs)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  364
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Motorcycle Engine Displacement (CC)
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the piston bore measured in cubic centimeters for this
motorcycle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: MCYCL_DS
2005-2009
PMCYCL_DS 2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
xxxx Actual Displacement (cc)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  365
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Non-CDL License Status
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the status of the driver’s license at the time of the
crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: L_STATUS
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
Not Licensed
1
Suspended
2
Revoked
3
Expired
4
Cancelled or Denied
6
Valid License
9
Unknown License Status
Non-CDL License Type
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the type of license held by this driver at the time of the
crash.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: L_TYPE
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
Not Licensed
1
Full Driver License
2
Intermediate Driver License
-No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
7
Learner’s Permit
8
Temporary License
9
Unknown License Type
More Information on Driver License Status/Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  366
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Cylinders
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of cylinders for the engine of this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PCYLINDER
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
0-18 Number of Cylinders
R
Rotary Engine
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  367
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Motorcycle Engine Cycles
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of engine cycles for this motorcycle model.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PMCYCL_CY
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
2
Two-stroke engine
4
Four-stroke engine
R
Rotary engine
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  368
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Number of Wheels/Drive Wheels
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the number of wheels/driving wheels for this truck
(trucks only, VINTYPE='T'). The length of this data element is two digits; the first position
represents the number of axles on the vehicle times two and the second position represents the
number of drive axles times two.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PWHLDRWHL
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xx
Number of Wheels (1st digit) followed by the Number of Drive Wheels (2nd digit)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  369
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Original Tire Size
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the manufacturer’s original equipment specified tire
size for the series of this vehicle. The length of this data element is six characters; the first two
positions represent rim size and the remaining four positions represent tire size.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PTIRE_SZE
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxxxxx
6-Character Tire Size
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  370
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Previous DWI Convictions
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records any previous DWI convictions for this driver that
occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PREV_DWI
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
None
01-97
Actual Value
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  371
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Previous Other Harmful Moving Violation Convictions
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records any other previous moving violations or convictions for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PREV_OTH
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
None
01-97
Actual Value
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  372
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Previous Recorded Crashes
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records any previous crashes for this driver that occurred within
three years of the crash date.
Additional Information See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PREV_ACC
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
01-97
98
99
None
Actual Value
Not Reported on Driving Record
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  373
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Previous Recorded Suspensions and Revocations
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records any previous license suspensions or revocations for this
driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PREV_SUS
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
None
01-97
Actual Value
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  374
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Previous Speeding Convictions
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records any previous speeding convictions for this driver that
occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PREV_SPD
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
None
01-97
Actual Value
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  375
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Related Factors- Driver Level
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records factors related to this driver expressed by the
investigating officer.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: DR_CF1, DR_CF2, DR_CF3, DR_CF4
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
None
PHYSICAL/MENTAL CONDITION
01
Drowsy, Sleepy, Asleep, Fatigued
02
Ill, Passed Out/Blackout
03
Emotional (e.g., Depression, Angry, Disturbed)
04
Reaction to or Failure to Take Drugs/Medication
05
Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs, or Medication
06
Inattentive/Careless (Talking, Eating, Car Phones, etc.)
07
Restricted to Wheelchair
08
Road Rage/Aggressive Driving
09
Impaired Due to Previous Injury
11
Other Physical Impairment (Includes Paraplegic)
12
Mother of Dead Fetus/Mother of Infant Born Post Crash
13
Mentally Challenged
15
Seat Back Not in Normal Position, Seat Back Reclined
MISCELLANEOUS FACTORS
16
Police or Law Enforcement Officer
18
Traveling on Prohibited Trafficways
19
Legally Driving on Suspended or Revoked License
20
Leaving Vehicle Unattended with Engine Running; Leaving Vehicle Unattended in
Roadway
21
Overloading or Improper Loading of Vehicle with Passenger or Cargo
22
Towing or Pushing Vehicle Improperly
23
Failing to Dim Lights or to Have Lights on When Required
24
Operating Without Required Equipment
25
Creating Unlawful Noise or Using Equipment Prohibited by Law
26
Following Improperly
27
Improper or Erratic Lane Changing
28
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane
29
Illegal Driving on Road Shoulder, in Ditch, or Sidewalk, or on Median
30
Making Improper Entry to or Exit from Trafficway
31
Starting or Backing Improperly
32
Opening Vehicle Closure into Moving Traffic or Vehicle is in Motion
33
Passing Where Prohibited by Posted Signs, Pavement Markings, Hill or Curve, or
School Bus Displaying Warning Not to Pass
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  376
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
34
Passing on Wrong Side
35
Passing with Insufficient Distance or Inadequate Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle
36
Operating the Vehicle in an Erratic, Reckless, Careless or Negligent Manner or
Operating at Erratic or Suddenly Changing Speeds
37
High-Speed Chase with Police in Pursuit (See Police Pursuit Note)
-Police Pursuing this Driver or Police Officer in Pursuit
38
Failure to Yield Right of Way
39
Failure to Obey Actual Traffic Signs, Traffic Control Devices or Traffic Officers, Failure
to Observe Safety Zone Traffic Laws
40
Passing Through or Around Barrier
41
Failure to Observe Warnings or Instructions on Vehicle Displaying Them
42
Failure to Signal Intentions
43
Driving too Fast for Conditions (2008 Only)
44
Driving too Fast for Conditions or in Excess of Posted Speed Limit (2005-2007)
44
Driving in Excess of Posted Speed Limit (2008 Only)
45
Driving Less Than Posted Maximum
46
Racing (2005-2008)
47
Making Right Turn from Left-Turn Lane or Making Left Turn from Right-Turn Lane
48
Making Improper Turn
50
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Trafficway
51
Driving on Wrong Side of Road (Intentionally or Unintentionally)
52
Operator Inexperience
53
Unfamiliar With Roadway
54
Stopping in Roadway (Vehicle Not Abandoned)
55
Underriding a Parked Truck (2005-2008)
56
Improper Tire Pressure (2005 Only)
57
Locked Wheel
58
Over Correcting
59
Getting Off/Out of or On/In to Moving Vehicle
VISION OBSCURED BY
61
Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust (2005-2008)
62
Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights (2005-2008)
63
Curve, Hill, or Other Design Features (Including Traffic Signs, Embankment
2005-2008)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  377
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D24
Related Factors- Driver Level
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
73
Driver Has Not Complied with Learners Permit or Intermediate Driver License
Restrictions (GDL Restrictions)
74
Driver Has Not Complied With Physical or Other Imposed Restrictions
75
Broken or Improperly Cleaned Windshield (2005-2008)
76
Other Obstruction (2005-2008)
SKIDDING, SWERVING, OR SLIDING DUE TO
77
Severe Crosswind
78
Wind from Passing Truck
79
Slippery or Loose Surface
80
Tire Blow-Out or Flat
81
Debris or Objects in Road
82
Ruts, Holes, Bumps in Road
83
Live Animals in Road
84
Vehicle in Road
85
Phantom Vehicle
86
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist, or Other Non-Motorist in Road
87
Ice, Water, Snow, Slush, Sand, Dirt, Oil, Wet Leaves on Road
88
Trailer Fishtailing or Swaying
OTHER MISCELLANEOUS FACTORS
89
Carrying Hazardous Cargo Improperly (2005-2009)
-Driver has a Driving Record or Driver’s License from More than One State
90
Hit-and-Run Vehicle Driver
91
Non-Traffic Violation Charged (Manslaughter, Homicide or Other Assault Offense
Committed Without Malice)
92
Other Non-Moving Traffic Violation
POSSIBLE DISTRACTIONS INSIDE VEHICLE
93
Cellular Telephone
94
Cellular Telephone in Use in Vehicle
95
Computer Fax Machines/Printers
96
On-Board Navigation System
97
Two-Way Radio
98
Head-Up Display
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  378
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Rollover
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies this vehicle’s involvement in a rollover or overturn
during the crash. Rollover is defined as any vehicle rotation of 90 degrees or more about any
true longitudinal or lateral axis. Rollover can occur at any time during the crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: ROLLOVER
Attribute Codes
20052008
0
1
-2
---
2009
0
-1
-2
9
No Rollover
First Event
Rollover, Tripped by Object/Vehicle
Subsequent Event
Rollover, Untripped
Rollover, Unknown Type
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  379
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Sequence of Events
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: The events in sequence related to this motor vehicle, regardless of injury and/or
property damage. Events for the vehicle are recorded in the order in which they occur, timewise, from the PAR narrative and diagram.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information..
SAS Name: SEQ1, SEQ2, SEQ3, SEQ4, SEQ5, SEQ6
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
01
Rollover/Overturn
02
Fire/Explosion
03
Immersion
04
Gas Inhalation
05
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
06
Injured in Vehicle
07
Other Non-Collision
08
Pedestrian
09
Pedalcycle
10
Railway Train
11
Animal
12
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Same Roadway
13
Motor Vehicle in Transport on Other Roadway
14
Parked Motor Vehicle
15
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
16
Thrown or Falling Object
17
Boulder
18
Other Object (Not Fixed)
19
Building
20
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
21
Bridge Pier or Abutment
22
Bridge Parapet End
23
Bridge Rail
24
Guardrail Face
25
Concrete Traffic Barrier
26
Other Traffic Barrier
27
Highway/Traffic Sign Post
28
Overhead Sign Support/Sign
29
Luminary/Light Support
30
Utility Pole
31
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
32
Culvert
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  380
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Speeding Related
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records whether the driver's speed was related to the crash as
indicated by law enforcement.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: SPEEDREL
Attribute Codes
2009
0
1
9
No
Yes
Unknown
More Information on Speeding
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  381
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Travel Speed (discontinued)
Definition: This data element records the speed the vehicle was traveling prior to the
occurrence of the crash as reported by the investigating officer.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: TRAV_SP
Attribute Codes
20052008
00
01-96
97
-98
99
2009
000
001-151
-997
998
999
Stopped Motor Vehicle in Transport
Reported Speed Up to 151 mph
Speed Greater than 96 mph
Speed Greater than 151 mph
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  382
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Ton Rating
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the payload capacity of this vehicle based on
manufacturer’s specifications. The length of this data element is two characters. A single code
indicates a single capacity rating. Two codes indicate a range of capacity rating. For example, a
Ford F150 pickup truck with a payload capacity from ½ to ¾ tons would have a rating of “BC.”
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PTON_RAT
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
A
¼
B
½
C
¾
D
1
E
1½
F
1¾
G
2
H
2½
I
3
J
3½
K
4
L
4½
M
5
N
6
O
7
P
8
Q
9
R
10 and Over
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  383
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Shipping Weight
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the shipping weight for the shortest wheel base of this
truck model.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PTRK_WT
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xxxxx
Actual Shipping Weight (lbs)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  384
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Shipping Weight Variance
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the difference (coded in 100 pound increments)
between the shipping weights of the shortest wheel base and the longest wheel base for this
truck model. (e.g., a 200 lb. difference appears as “02”.) Incremental weights for optional
equipment are not included.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PTRKWTVAR
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
xx
Shipping Weight Variance (100 lbs)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  385
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck VIN Restraint Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies restraint type information for this truck. This includes
information about vehicle seat belts and air bags.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PVIN_REST
Attribute Codes
2011-2012
A
Active (Manual) belts
B
Driver front air bag/passenger side belt unknown
C
Dual front air bags/belt system unknown
D
Dual front air bag/passenger side passive belts
E
Dual front air bags/active belts
F
Dual front air bags/passive belts
G
Dual air bags front and side/belts unknown
H
Dual air bags front, head and sides/belts unknown
I
Dual air bags front, head and sides/passive belts
J
Dual air bags front and sides/passive belts
K
Dual air bags front and sides/active belts
L
Dual air bags front, head and sides/active belt
M
Driver front air bag/passenger side active belt
N
If unable to determine
P
Passive (Automatic) belts
R
Dual air bags front and side/active belts w/ automatic passenger sensor
S
Dual air bags front, head, and side/active belts w/ automatic passenger sensor
T
Dual air bags front/active belts/rear passenger side air bag
U
Dual front air bags/active belts with passenger side deactivation cutoff switch
V
Dual air bags front, head and side/active belts/rear dual side air bags
W
Dual air bags front, head and side/active belts w/ automatic passenger sensor/ rear
dual side airbags
X
Dual air bags front/side air bag, driver-side only/active belts
Y
Dual front and side air bags with passenger deactivation switch
3
Dual front & head airbags with passenger sensor; active belts
4
Dual front airbags with passenger sensor; active belts
7
Dual front, side & head airbags, Rear head airbags; active belts
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  386
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Truck Weight Rating
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies weight ranges for this truck of model year 1966 and
later based on manufacturer specifications.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: WGTCD_TR
2005-2009
PWGTCD_TR 2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
1
6,000 lbs or Less
2
6,001 - 10,000 lbs
3
10,001 - 14,000 lbs
4
14,001 - 16,000 lbs
5
16,001 - 19,500 lbs
6
19,501 - 26,000 lbs
7
26,001 - 33,000 lbs
8
33,001 and Up
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  387
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle Maneuver
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element captures the driver’s action, or intended action, prior to the
commencement of the unstabilized event as indicated on the crash report.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VEH_MAN
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
01
Going Straight
02
Slowing or Stopping in Traffic Lane
03
Starting in Traffic Lane
04
Stopped in Traffic Lane
05
Passing or Overtaking another Vehicle
06
Leaving a Parked Position
07
Parked
08
Entering a Parked Position
09
Maneuvering to Avoid
10
Turning Right: Right Turn on Red Permitted
11
Turning Right: Right Turn on Red Not Permitted
12
Turning Right: Right Turn on Red Not Applicable or Not Known if Permitted
13
Turning Left
14
Making a U-Turn
15
Backing Up (Not Parking)
16
Changing Lanes or Merging
17
Negotiating a Curve
98
Other
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  388
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle Role
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element Indicates the vehicle’s role in single or multi-vehicle crashes.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: IMPACTS
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0
Non-Collision
1
Striking
2
Struck
3
Both
9
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  389
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Body Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the two-character representation of this vehicle’s body
style.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VIN_BT
PVIN_BT
2005-2009
2010-2012
Attribute Codes
20052009
2D
2F
2H
2L
2P
2T
2W
2W
--3D
---4D
4H
4L
4P
4T
4W
4W
5D
8V
AC
AM
AR
AT
BU
-CB
CB
CC
CG
CH
CL
20102012
2D
2F
2H
2L
2P
2T
2W
2W
3B
3C
3D
3P
4B
4C
4D
4H
4L
4P
4T
4W
4W
5D
8V
AC
AM
AR
AT
BU
C4
CB
CB
CC
CG
CH
CL
Passenger Vehicle Sedan 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Formal Hardtop 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hatchback 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Liftback 3-Door
Passenger Vehicle Pillard Hardtop 2-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hardtop 2-Door
Truck 2-Door Wagon/Sport Utility
Passenger Vehicle Wagon 2-Door
Truck 3-Door Extended Cab/Chassis
Truck 3-Door Extended Cab Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Runabout 3-Door
Passenger Vehicle Coupe 3-Door
Truck 4-Door Extended Cab/Chassis
Truck 4-Door Extended Cab Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Sedan 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hatchback 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Liftback 5-Door
Passenger Vehicle Pillard Hardtop 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Hardtop 4-Door
Truck 4-Door Wagon/Sport Utility
Passenger Vehicle Wagon 4-Door
Passenger Vehicle Sedan 5-Door
Truck 8-Passenger Sport Van
Truck Auto Carrier
Passenger Vehicle Ambulance
Truck Armored Truck
Motorcycle All-Terrain
Bus
Passenger Vehicle Coupe 4-Door
Truck Chassis and Cab
Passenger Vehicle Cab & Chassis (Luv)
Truck Conventional Cab
Truck Cargo Van
Truck Crew Chassis
Truck Club Chassis
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  390
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V116
VIN Body Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
CM
CP
CP
CR
CS
CU
CV
CV
CY
DP
DS
EC
EN
ES
EV
EW
FB
FC
FT
GG
GL
GN
HB
HO
HR
HT
IC
IE
-LB
LG
LL
LM
-MH
MK
MN
MM
MP
MR
MS
MV
--
2010Later
CM
CP
CP
CR
CS
CU
CV
CV
CY
DP
DS
EC
EN
ES
EV
EW
FB
FC
FT
GG
GL
GN
HB
HO
HR
HT
IC
IE
IN
LB
LG
LL
LM
LM
MH
MK
MM
MP
MP
MR
MS
MV
MW
Truck Concrete or Transit Mixer
Truck Crew Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Coupe
Truck Crane
Truck Super Cab/Chassis Pickup
Truck Custom Pickup
Truck Convertible (Jeep Commando, Suzuki Samurai, Dodge Dakota)
Passenger Vehicle Convertible
Truck Cargo Cutaway
Truck Dump
Truck Tractor Truck (Diesel)
Truck Extended Cargo Van
Motorcycle Enduro
Truck Extended Sport Van
Truck Extended Van
Truck Extended Window Van
Truck Flat-bed or Platform
Truck Forward Control
Truck Fire Truck
Truck Garbage or Refuse
Truck Gliders
Truck Grain
Passenger Vehicle Hatchback Number Doors Unknown
Truck Hopper
Passenger Vehicle Hearse
Passenger Vehicle Hardtop Number Doors Unknown
Truck Incomplete Chassis
Truck Incomplete Ext Van
Passenger Vehicle Incomplete Passenger
Passenger Vehicle Liftback
Truck Logger
Truck Suburban & Carry-All
Passenger Vehicle Limousine
Truck Limousine
Truck Motorized Home
Motorcycle Mini-Bike
Motorcycle Mini Moto Cross
Motorcycle Moped
Truck Multipurpose
Motorcycle Mini Road/Trail
Motorcycle Motor Scooter
Truck Maxi-Van
Truck Maxi Wagon
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  391
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V116
VIN Body Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20052009
MX
MY
MY
NB
--PC
PD
PK
PK
PM
PN
PS
RC
PN
RD
RD
RS
RT
S1
S2
SB
SC
SD
SN
SP
ST
SV
SV
SW
SW
T
TB
TL
TL
TM
TN
TR
TR
UT
UT
VC
VD
2010Later
MX
MY
MY
NB
P2
P2
PC
PD
PK
PK
PM
PN
PS
RC
PN
RD
RD
RS
RT
S1
S2
SB
SC
SD
SN
SP
ST
SV
SV
SW
SW
T
TB
TL
TL
TM
TN
TR
TR
UT
UT
VC
VD
Motorcycle Moto Cross
Truck Motorized Cutaway
Motorcycle Mini-Cycle
Passenger Vehicle Notchback
Passenger Vehicle 2-Passenger Low Speed
Passenger Vehicle 4-Passenger Low Speed
Truck Club Cab Pickup
Truck Parcel Delivery
Truck Pickup
Passenger Vehicle Pickup, Truck Commonly Registered Passengers
Truck Pickup with Camper Mounted on Bed
Truck Panel
Truck Super Cab Pickup
Motorcycle Racer
Passenger Vehicle Panel, Truck Commonly Registered as Passengers
Truck Roadster (Jeep, Jeep Commando)
Passenger Vehicle Roadster
Motorcycle Road/Street
Motorcycle Road/Trail
Truck One-Seat
Truck Two-Seat
Passenger Vehicle Sport Hatchback
Passenger Vehicle Sport Coupe
Passenger Vehicle Sedan, number doors unknown
Truck Step Van
Truck Sport Pickup
Truck Stake or Rack
Truck Sports Van
Passenger Vehicle Sport Van
Passenger Vehicle Station Wagon
Truck Station Wagon (Jeep Wagoneer, etc.)
Motorcycle Dirt
Truck Tilt Cab
Truck Tilt Tandem
Motorcycle Trail/Dirt
Truck Tandem
Truck Tank
Motorcycle Trails
Truck Tractor (Gasoline)
Passenger Vehicle Utility, truck commonly registered as passenger
Truck Utility (Blazer, Jimmy, Scout, etc.)
Truck Van Camper
Truck Display Van
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  392
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V116
VIN Body Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
2005- 20102009 Later
VN
VN
VT
VT
VW
VW
WK
WK
WW WW
WW WW
XT
XT
YY
YY
99
99
Truck Van
Truck Vanette (Includes Metro and Handy Van)
Truck Window Van
Truck Tow Truck Wrecker
Truck Wide Wheel Wagon
Passenger Vehicle Wide-Wheel Wagon
Truck Travel-all
Truck Cutaway
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  393
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Length
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the actual length of the VIN for this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VIN_LNGT
PVIN_LNGT
2005-2009
2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
1-17 Actual Value
99
Unknown VIN Length
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  394
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Make
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) Standard
Make Abbreviation for this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PVINMAKE
Attribute Codes
2010-2012
xxxx 4-Character Make Abbreviation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  395
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Model
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the VIN model for this vehicle obtained from the VINA
program.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VINA_MOD
2005-2009
PVINA_MOD 2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
xxx
3-Character Model (Series) Abbreviation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  396
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Model Year
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the model year of this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PVINMODYR
Attribute Codes
2010-2012
xx
2-Digit Model Year
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  397
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Truck Series
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the model (series) of this truck.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: SER_TR
PSER_TR
2005-2009
2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
xxx
3-Character Model (Series) Abbreviation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  398
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VIN Vehicle Type
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the basic vehicle type of his vehicle from the VINA
program.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: PVINTYPE
Attribute Codes
2010-2012
P
Passenger Vehicle
T
Truck
M
Motorcycle
U
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  399
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Violations Charged
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies violations charged to this driver in this crash.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: VIOLCHG1, VIOLCHG2, VIOLCHG3
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
00
None
RECKLESS/CARELESS/HIT-AND-RUN OFFENSES
01
Manslaughter or Homicide
02
Willful Reckless Driving; Driving to Endanger; Negligent Driving
03
Unsafe Reckless (Not Willful, Wanton Reckless) Driving
04
Inattentive, Careless, Improper Driving
05
Fleeing or Eluding Police
06
Fail to Obey Police, Fireman, Authorized Person Directing Traffic
07
Hit-and-Run, Fail to Stop After Crash
08
Fail to Give Aid, Information, Wait for Police after Crash
09
Serious Violation Resulting in Death
IMPAIRMENT OFFENSES
11
Driving While Intoxicated (Alcohol or Drugs) or BAC above Limit (Any Detectable BAC
for CDLs)
12
Driving While Impaired; Driving Under Influence of Substance Not Intended to
Intoxicate
13
Driving under Influence of Substance not intended to intoxicate
14
Drinking While Operating
15
Illegal Possession of Alcohol or Drugs
16
Driving With Detectable Alcohol
18
Refusal to Submit to Chemical Test
19
Alcohol, Drug, or Impairment Violations Generally
SPEED-RELATED OFFENSES
21
Racing
22
Speeding (Above the Speed Limit)
23
Speed Greater Than Reasonable and Prudent (Not Necessarily Over the Limit)
24
Exceeding Special Speed Limit (e.g., for Trucks, Buses, Cycles, or on Bridge, in
School Zone, etc.)
25
Energy Speed (Exceeding 55 mph, Non-Pointable)
26
Driving Too Slowly
29
Speed-Related Violations Generally
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  400
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Violations Charged
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
2005-2009
RULES OF THE ROAD – TRAFFIC SIGN & SIGNALS
31
Fail to Stop for Red Signal
32
Fail to Stop for Flashing Red
33
Violation of Turn on Red (Fail to Stop & Yield, Yield to Pedestrians before Turning)
34
Fail to Obey Flashing Signal (Yellow or Red)
35
Fail to Obey Signal Generally
36
Violate RR Grade Crossing Device/Regulations
37
Fail to Obey Stop Sign
38
Fail to Obey Yield Sign
39
Fail to Obey Traffic Control Device Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – TURNING, YIELDING, SIGNALING
41
Turn in Violation of Traffic Control (Disobey Signs, Turn Arrow Or Pavement Markings;
This Is Not A Right-On-Red Violation)
42
Improper Method & Position of Turn (Too Wide, Wrong Lane)
43
Fail to Signal for Turn or Stop
45
Fail to Yield to Emergency Vehicle
46
Fail to Yield Generally
48
Enter Intersection When Space Insufficient
49
Turn, Yield, Signaling Violations Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – WRONG SIDE, PASSING & FOLLOWING
51
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Road
52
Driving on Left, Wrong Side of Road Generally
53
Improper, Unsafe Passing
54
Pass on Right (Drive off Pavement to Pass)
55
Pass Stopped School Bus
56
Fail to Give Way When Overtaken
58
Following Too Closely
59
Wrong Side, Passing, Following Violations Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – LANE USAGE
61
Unsafe or Prohibited Lane Change
62
Improper Use of Lane (Enter of 3-Lane Road, HOV Designated Lane)
63
Certain Traffic to Use Right Lane (Trucks, Slow Moving, etc.)
66
Motorcycle Lane Violations (More than two per Lane, Riding Between Lanes, etc.)
67
Motorcyclist Attached to another Vehicle
69
Lane Violations Generally
NON-MOVING – LICENSE & REGISTRATION VIOLATIONS
71
Driving While License Withdrawn
72
Other Driver License Violations
73
Commercial Driver Violations
74
Vehicle Registration Violations
75
Fail to Carry Insurance Card
76
Driving Uninsured Vehicle
79
Non-Moving Violations Generally
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  401
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Violations Charged
The PARKWORK Data File
(continued)
2005-2009
EQUIPMENT
81
Lamp Violations
82
Brake Violations
83
Failure to Require Restraint Use (By Self or Passenger)
84
Motorcycle Equipment Violations (Helmet, Special Equipment)
85
Violation of Hazardous Cargo Regulations
86
Size, Weight, Load Violations
89
Equipment Violations Generally
OTHER VIOLATIONS
91
Parking
92
Theft, Unauthorized Use of Motor Vehicle
93
Driving Where Prohibited (Sidewalk, Limited Access, Off Truck Route)
98
Other Moving Violation
99
Unknown Violation
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  402
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Wheelbase Long
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the longest wheelbase respectively for the
manufactured model of this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: WHLBS_LG
2005-2009
PWHLBS_LG 2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
0000
1-9998
9999
Value Not Available from the VINA Program
Actual Value (in)
Value Not Coded
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  403
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Wheelbase Short
The PARKWORK Data File
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element identifies the shortest wheelbase respectively for the
manufactured model of this vehicle.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: WHLBS_SH
2005-2009
PWHLBS_SH 2010-2012
Attribute Codes
2005-2012
0000
1-9998
9999
Value Not Available from the VINA Program
Actual Value (in)
Value Not Coded
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  404
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Year of First Crash, Suspension or Conviction
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records the year of the first crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: FIRST_YR
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0000
No Record
xxxx
Actual Year
9999
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  405
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The PARKWORK Data File
Year of Last Crash, Suspension or Conviction
(discontinued)
Definition: This data element records the year of the last crash, suspension, or conviction for
this driver that occurred within three years of the crash date.
Additional Information: See this data element in the Vehicle data file section for more
information.
SAS Name: LAST_YR
Attribute Codes
2005-2009
0000
No Record
xxxx
Actual Year
9999
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  406
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The CEVENT Data File
The CEVENT Data File
The Cevent data file includes harmful and non-harmful events in the crash. It contains the data
elements ST_CASE, STATE, and EVENTNUM, which are described in the beginning of the
Data Element Definitions and Codes section. ST_CASE and EVENTNUM are the unique
identifiers for each record. ST_CASE should be used to merge the Cevent data file with the
Accident data file. The Cevent data file also contains the data elements on the following pages.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  407
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The CEVENT Data File
Vehicle Number (This Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the “Vehicle Number” (VEH_NO) of this in-transport
motor vehicle described in this event.
Additional Information: This is the vehicle described in “Sequence of Events” for this event.
SAS Name:
VNUMBER1
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
1-999
Vehicle Number
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  408
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The CEVENT Data File
Area of Impact (This Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the impact point, if any, on this in-transport motor
vehicle that produced property damage or personal injury in this event.
Additional Information: This is the impact area of the vehicle recorded in “Vehicle Number
(This Vehicle)” and described in “Sequence of Events.”
SAS Name:
AOI1
Attribute Codes
20102011
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
-81
82
-83
-98
99
2012
00
01-12
13
14
-18
--55
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
2013Later
00
01-12
13
14
--18
19
55
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Non-Collision
Clock Points
Top
Undercarriage
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Non-Harmful Event
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  409
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V31
The CEVENT Data File
Sequence of Events
Definition: This data element describes this event. A motor vehicle traffic crash is a series of
events resulting from an unstabilized situation. This series of harmful and non-harmful events is
recorded in chronological order based on the PAR narrative and diagram.
Additional Information: From 2004 to 2009, Sequence of Events was collected at the vehicle
level and up to six events (SEQ1-SEQ6) were stored in the Vehicle data file.
“First Harmful Event,” “Most Harmful Event,” and the “Sequence of Events” data elements have
the same harmful event attributes. The harmful event attributes were modified to be consistent.
“Sequence of Events” also has non-harmful event attributes.
SAS Name: SOE
Attribute Codes
20102011
01
02
03
-04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
2012
01
02
-03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
2013Later
01
02
-03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion
Immersion or Partial Immersion
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcyclist
Railway Vehicle
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Parked Motor Vehicle
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
Other Traffic Barrier
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  410
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V31
Sequence of Events
The CEVENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20102011
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
2012
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
2013Later
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
-72
-98
99
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
--99
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
-99
Embankment
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo, Persons or
Objects Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway
Cable Barrier
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Non-Harmful)
Equipment Failure (Blown Tire, Brake Failure, etc.)
Separation of Units
Ran Off Road – Right
Ran Off Road – Left
Cross Median
Downhill Runaway
Vehicle Went Airborne
Cross Centerline
Re-Entering Highway
Jackknife (Non-Harmful)
End Departure
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful To This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  411
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The CEVENT Data File
Vehicle Number (Other Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the “Vehicle Number” (VEH_NO) of the other motor
vehicle, if any, in this event.
Additional Information: This is the vehicle contacted by the motor vehicle in-transport
recorded in “Vehicle Number (This Vehicle).” Another vehicle must have been involved in this
event for this data element to be a valid vehicle number (i.e., “Sequence of Events” for this
event must be 12, 14, 45, 54, or 55).
SAS Name:
VNUMBER2
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
1-999
Vehicle Number
5555
Non-Harmful Event
9999
Not a Motor Vehicle
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  412
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The CEVENT Data File
Area of Impact (Other Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the impact point on the other motor vehicle, if any, in
this event.
Additional Information: This is the impact area of the vehicle recorded in “Vehicle Number
(Other Vehicle).” Another vehicle must have been involved in this event for this data element to
be a valid impact location (i.e., “Sequence of Events” for this event must be 12, 14, 45, 54, or 55).
SAS Name:
AOI2
Attribute Codes
2010
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
--81
82
-83
-98
99
2011
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
-77
81
82
-83
-98
99
2012
00
01-12
13
14
-18
--55
61
-62
-63
77
81
-82
-83
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2013Later
00
01-12
13
14
--18
19
55
61
-62
-63
77
81
-82
-83
98
99
Non-Collision
Clock Points
Top
Undercarriage
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Non-Harmful Event
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Not a Motor Vehicle
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  413
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VEVENT Data File
The VEVENT Data File
The Vevent data file includes harmful and non-harmful events for each in-transport motor
vehicle. It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, VEH_NO, EVENTNUM, and
VEVENTNUM, which are described in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes
section. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and VEVENTNUM are the unique identifiers for each record.
ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Vevent data file with the Vehicle data file.
The Vevent data file also contains the data elements on the following pages.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  414
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The VEVENT Data File
Vehicle Number (This Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the “Vehicle Number” (VEH_NO) of this in-transport
motor vehicle described in this event.
Additional Information: This is the vehicle described in “Sequence of Events” for this event.
If Vehicle #1 (V1) impacts Vehicle #2 (V2), then we have at least 2 Vevent records.
Example:
VEH_NO
1
2
EVENTNUM
1
1
VNUMBER1
1
1
SOE
12
12
VNUMBER2
2
2
The explanation of these 2 records is as follows:
V1 was involved in event 1 where V1 impacts V2
V2 was involved in event 1 where V1 impacts V2
SAS Name:
VNUMBER1
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
1-999
Vehicle Number
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  415
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The VEVENT Data File
Area of Impact (This Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the impact point, if any, on this in-transport motor
vehicle that produced property damage or personal injury in this event.
Additional Information: This is the impact area of the vehicle recorded in “Vehicle Number
(This Vehicle)” and described in “Sequence of Events.”
SAS Name:
AOI1
Attribute Codes
20102011
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
-81
82
-83
-98
99
2012
00
01-12
13
14
-18
--55
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
2013Later
00
01-12
13
14
--18
19
55
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Non-Collision
Clock Points
Top
Undercarriage
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Non-Harmful Event
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  416
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V31
The VEVENT Data File
Sequence of Events
Definition: This data element describes this event. A motor vehicle traffic crash is a series of
events resulting from an unstabilized situation. This series of harmful and non-harmful events is
recorded in chronological order based on the PAR narrative and diagram.
Additional Information: From 2004 to 2009, Sequence of Events was collected at the vehicle
level and up to six events (SEQ1-SEQ6) were stored in the Vehicle data file.
“First Harmful Event,” “Most Harmful Event,” and the “Sequence of Events” data elements have
the same harmful event attributes. The harmful event attributes were modified to be consistent.
“Sequence of Events” also has non-harmful event attributes.
SAS Name: SOE
Attribute Codes
20102011
01
02
03
-04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
2012
01
02
-03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
2013Later
01
02
-03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion
Immersion or Partial Immersion
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcyclist
Railway Vehicle
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Parked Motor Vehicle
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
Other Traffic Barrier
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  417
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V31
Sequence of Events
The VEVENT Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20102011
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
2012
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
2013Later
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
-72
-98
99
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
--99
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
-99
Embankment
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo, Persons or
Objects Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway
Cable Barrier
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Non-Harmful)
Equipment Failure (Blown Tire, Brake Failure, etc.)
Separation of Units
Ran Off Road – Right
Ran Off Road – Left
Cross Median
Downhill Runaway
Vehicle Went Airborne
Cross Centerline
Re-Entering Highway
Jackknife (Non-Harmful)
End Departure
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful To This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  418
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The VEVENT Data File
Vehicle Number (Other Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the “Vehicle Number” (VEH_NO) of the other motor
vehicle, if any, in this event.
Additional Information: This is the vehicle contacted by the motor vehicle in-transport
recorded in “Vehicle Number (This Vehicle).” Another vehicle must have been involved in this
event for this data element to be a valid vehicle number (i.e., “Sequence of Events” for this
event must be 12, 14, 45, 54, or 55).
SAS Name:
VNUMBER2
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
1-999
Vehicle Number
5555
Non-Harmful Event
9999
Not a Motor Vehicle
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  419
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The VEVENT Data File
Area of Impact (Other Vehicle)
Definition: This data element identifies the impact point on the other motor vehicle, if any, in
this event.
Additional Information: This is the impact area of the vehicle recorded in “Vehicle Number
(Other Vehicle).” Another vehicle must have been involved in this event for this data element to
be a valid impact location (i.e., “Sequence of Events” for this event must be 12, 14, 45, 54, or 55).
SAS Name:
AOI2
Attribute Codes
2010
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
--81
82
-83
-98
99
2011
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
-77
81
82
-83
-98
99
2012
00
01-12
13
14
-18
--55
61
-62
-63
77
81
-82
-83
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
2013Later
00
01-12
13
14
--18
19
55
61
-62
-63
77
81
-82
-83
98
99
Non-Collision
Clock Points
Top
Undercarriage
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Non-Harmful Event
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Not a Motor Vehicle
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  420
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VSOE Data File
The VSOE Data File
The Vsoe data file includes harmful and non-harmful events for each in-transport motor vehicle.
It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, VEVENTNUM, EVENTNUM, and VEH_NO,
which are described in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section.
ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and VEVENTNUM are the unique identifiers for each record. ST_CASE
and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Vsoe data file with the Vehicle data file. The Vsoe
data file also contains the data elements on the following pages.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  421
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
C17
The VSOE Data File
Area of Impact Associated with the Event
Definition: This data element identifies the impact point, if any, on this in-transport motor
vehicle that produced property damage or personal injury in this event.
Additional Information: This is the impact area of the vehicle recorded in “Vehicle Number
(This Vehicle)” and described in “Sequence of Events.”
SAS Name:
AOI
Attribute Codes
20102011
00
01-12
13
14
18
---55
61
62
-63
-81
82
-83
-98
99
2012
00
01-12
13
14
-18
--55
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
2013Later
00
01-12
13
14
--18
19
55
61
-62
-63
81
-82
-83
98
99
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Non-Collision
Clock Points
Top
Undercarriage
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Point)
Set-In-Motion (Not a Clock Value)
Cargo/Vehicle Parts Set-In-Motion
Other Objects Set-In-Motion
Non-Harmful Event
Left
Left-Front Half
Left-Front Side
Left-Back Half
Left-Back Side
Right
Right-Front Half
Right-Front Side
Right-Back Half
Right-Back Side
Not Reported
Unknown
Data Element Definitions and Codes  422
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V31
The VSOE Data File
Sequence of Events
Definition: This data element describes this event. A motor vehicle traffic crash is a series of
events resulting from an unstabilized situation. This series of harmful and non-harmful events is
recorded in chronological order based on the PAR narrative and diagram.
Additional Information: From 2004 to 2009, Sequence of Events was collected at the vehicle
level and up to six events (SEQ1-SEQ6) were stored in the Vehicle data file.
“First Harmful Event,” “Most Harmful Event,” and the “Sequence of Events” data elements have
the same harmful event attributes. The harmful event attributes were modified to be consistent.
“Sequence of Events” also has non-harmful event attributes.
SAS Name: SOE
Attribute Codes
20102011
01
02
03
-04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
2012
01
02
-03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
2013Later
01
02
-03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
30
31
32
33
34
Rollover/Overturn
Fire/Explosion
Immersion
Immersion or Partial Immersion
Gas Inhalation
Fell/Jumped from Vehicle
Injured in Vehicle (Non-Collision)
Other Non-Collision
Pedestrian
Pedalcyclist
Railway Vehicle
Live Animal
Motor Vehicle in Transport
Parked Motor Vehicle
Non-Motorist on Personal Conveyance
Thrown or Falling Object
Boulder
Other Object (Not Fixed)
Building
Impact Attenuator/Crash Cushion
Bridge Pier or Support
Bridge Rail (Includes Parapet)
Guardrail Face
Concrete Traffic Barrier
Other Traffic Barrier
Utility Pole/Light Support
Other Post, Other Pole, or Other Support
Culvert
Curb
Ditch
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  423
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V31
Sequence of Events
The VSOE Data File
(continued)
Attribute Codes
20102011
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
2012
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
2013Later
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
-72
-98
99
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
--99
55
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
-99
Embankment
Fence
Wall
Fire Hydrant
Shrubbery
Tree (Standing Only)
Other Fixed Object
Pavement Surface Irregularity (Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.)
Working Motor Vehicle
Traffic Signal Support
Snow Bank
Ridden Animal or Animal-Drawn Conveyance
Bridge Overhead Structure
Jackknife (Harmful to This Vehicle)
Guardrail End
Mail Box
Motor Vehicle In-Transport Strikes or is Struck by Cargo, Persons or
Objects Set-in-Motion from/by Another Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Motor Vehicle in Motion Outside the Trafficway
Cable Barrier
Ground
Traffic Sign Support
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Non-Harmful)
Equipment Failure (Blown Tire, Brake Failure, etc.)
Separation of Units
Ran Off Road – Right
Ran Off Road – Left
Cross Median
Downhill Runaway
Vehicle Went Airborne
Cross Centerline
Re-Entering Highway
Jackknife (Non-Harmful)
End Departure
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (Harmful To This Vehicle)
Object Fell From Motor Vehicle In-Transport
Not Reported (2010 Only)
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  424
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The DAMAGE Data File
The DAMAGE Data File
The Damage data file identifies each area of damage (as a separate record). It contains the
data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the
Data Element Definitions and Codes section. ST_CASE and VEH_NO are the unique identifiers
for each record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Damage data file with
vehicles from the Vehicle data file. The Damage data file also contains the data elements on the
following pages.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  425
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
V28B
The DAMAGE Data File
Damaged Areas
Definition: This data element identifies all the areas on this vehicle that were damaged in the
crash as reflected in the case materials.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: MDAREAS
Attribute Codes
2012-Later
1-12
Clock points
13
Top
14
Undercarriage
15
No Damage
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  426
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The DISTRACT Data File
The DISTRACT Data File
The Distract data file identifies each driver distraction (as a separate record). It contains the
data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the
Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains MDRDSTRD which is
described below. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and MDRDSTRD are the unique identifiers for each
record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Distract data file with drivers
from the Vehicle data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  427
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC16
The DISTRACT Data File
Driver Distracted By
Definition: This data element identifies the attribute(s) which best describe this driver’s
attention to driving prior to the driver’s realization of an impending critical event or just prior to
impact if realization of an impending critical event does not occur.
Additional Information: Distraction from the primary task of driving occurs when drivers divert
their attention from the driving task to some other activity. Also, driving while daydreaming or
lost in thought is identified as distracted driving by NHTSA. Physical conditions/impairments
(fatigue, alcohol, medical condition, etc.) or psychological states (anger, emotional, depressed,
etc.) are not identified as distractions by NHTSA.
SAS Name: MDRDSTRD
Attribute Codes
20102011
00
01
03
04
05
06
07
09
10
12
13
14
15
16
---92
--96
97
-98
99
2012Later
00
01
03
04
05
06
07
09
10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
-92
93
96
-97
98
99
Not Distracted
Looked But Did Not See
By Other Occupant(s)
By a Moving Object in Vehicle
While Talking or Listening to Cellular Phone
While Manipulating Cellular Phone
While Adjusting Audio or Climate Controls
While Using Other Component/Controls Integral to Vehicle
While Using or Reaching For Device/Object Brought Into Vehicle
Distracted by Outside Person, Object or Event
Eating or Drinking
Smoking Related
Other Cellular Phone Related
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Distraction/Inattention
Distraction/Careless
Careless/Inattentive
Distraction/Inattention, Details Unknown
Distraction (Distracted), Details Unknown
Inattention (Inattentive), Details Unknown
Not Reported
Inattentive or Lost in Thought
Lost In Thought/Day Dreaming
Other Distraction
Unknown if Distracted
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  428
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The DRIMPAIR Data File
The DRIMPAIR Data File
The Drimpair data file identifies each driver impairment (as a separate record). It contains the
data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the
Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains DRIMPAIR which is
described below. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and DRIMPAIR are the unique identifiers for each
record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Drimpair data file with drivers
from the Vehicle data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  429
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D23
The DRIMPAIR Data File
Condition (Impairment) at Time of Crash- Driver
Definition: This data element identifies physical impairments to this driver that may have
contributed to the crash as identified by law enforcement.
Additional Information: This data element attempts to identify physical impairments to this
driver which may have contributed to the cause of the crash. These impairments can appear
anywhere in the case materials--in the narrative section, in the violations section, in a column
entitled “Contributing Factors” or “Driver Action,” etc.
Some information that had been collected under “Related Factors- Driver Level” is now captured
under this new data element.
SAS Name: DRIMPAIR
Attribute Codes
2010
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
-96
98
99
2011Later
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
95
96
98
99
None/Apparently Normal
Ill, Blackout
Asleep or Fatigued
Walking with a Cane or Crutches
Paraplegic or Restricted to Wheelchair
Impaired Due to Previous Injury
Deaf
Blind
Emotional (Depressed, Angry, Disturbed, etc.)
Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs or Medication
Physical Impairment – No Details
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
Other Physical Impairment
Not Reported
Unknown if Impaired
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  430
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The FACTOR Data File
The FACTOR Data File
The Factor data file identifies each vehicle factor (as a separate record). It contains the data
elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the Data
Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains MFACTOR which is
described below. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and MFACTOR are the unique identifiers for each
record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Factor data file with the Vehicle
data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  431
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC4
The FACTOR Data File
Contributing Circumstances, Motor Vehicle
Definition: This data element describes this vehicle’s possible pre-existing defects or
maintenance conditions that may have contributed to the crash.
Additional Information: Most of these data elements can be found in Related Factor- Vehicle
Level (SAS names VEH_CF1 and VEH_CF2 in the Vehicle data file in 2009 and prior, and
VEH_SC1-VEH_SC2 in 2010).
SAS Name:
MFACTOR
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00
None
01
Tires
02
Brake System
03
Steering
04
Suspension
05
Power Train
06
Exhaust System
07
Head Lights
08
Signal Lights
09
Other Lights
10
Wipers
11
Wheels
12
Mirrors
13
Windows/Windshield
14
Body, Doors
15
Truck Coupling / Trailer Hitch / Safety Chains
16
Safety Systems
17
Vehicle Contributing Factors – No Details
97
Other
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  432
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The MANEUVER Data File
The MANEUVER Data File
The Maneuver data file identifies each avoidance attempt (as a separate record). It contains the
data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the
Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains MDRMANAV which is
described below. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and MDRMANAV are the unique identifiers for each
record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Maneuver data file with the
Vehicle data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  433
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC15
The MANEUVER Data File
Driver Maneuvered to Avoid
Definition: This data element identifies the thing(s) this driver attempted to avoid while the
vehicle was on the road portion of the trafficway, just prior to the first harmful event for this
vehicle.
Additional Information:
SAS Name: MDRMANAV
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00
Driver Did Not Maneuver To Avoid
01
Object
02
Poor Road Conditions (Puddle, Ice, Pothole, etc.)
03
Live Animal
04
Motor Vehicle
05
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist or Other Non-Motorist
92
Phantom/Non-Contact Motor Vehicle
95
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  434
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VIOLATN Data File
The VIOLATN Data File
The Violatn data file identifies each violation (as a separate record). It contains the data
elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the Data
Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains MVIOLATN which is
described below. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and MVIOLATN are the unique identifiers for each
record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Violatn data file with the Vehicle
data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  435
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D21
The VIOLATN Data File
Violations Charged
Definition: This data element identifies all violations charged to this driver.
Additional Information: Prior to 2010, this data element was in the Vehicle data file. In 2010,
this data element changed to identify all violations charged in the crash and was therefore
moved here to its own data file.
SAS Name: MVIOLATN
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00 None
RECKLESS/CARELESS/HIT-AND-RUN OFFENSES
01
Manslaughter or Homicide
02
Willful Reckless Driving; Driving to Endanger; Negligent Driving
03
Unsafe Reckless (Not Willful, Wanton Reckless) Driving
04
Inattentive, Careless, Improper Driving
05
Fleeing or Eluding Police
06
Fail to Obey Police, Fireman, Authorized Person Directing Traffic
07
Hit-and-Run, Fail to Stop After Crash
08
Fail to Give Aid, Information, Wait for Police after Crash
09
Serious Violation Resulting in Death
IMPAIRMENT OFFENSES
11
Driving While Intoxicated (Alcohol or Drugs) or BAC above Limit (Any Detectable BAC
for CDLs)
12
Driving While Impaired
13
Driving under Influence of Substance not intended to intoxicate
14
Drinking While Operating
15
Illegal Possession of Alcohol or Drugs
16
Driving With Detectable Alcohol
18
Refusal to Submit to Chemical Test
19
Alcohol, Drug, or Impairment Violations Generally
SPEED-RELATED OFFENSES
21
Racing
22
Speeding (Above the Speed Limit)
23
Speed Greater Than Reasonable and Prudent (Not Necessarily Over the Limit)
24
Exceeding Special Speed Limit (e.g., for Trucks, Buses, Cycles, or on Bridge, in
School Zone, etc.)
25
Energy Speed (Exceeding 55 mph, Non-Pointable)
26
Driving Too Slowly
29
Speed-Related Violations Generally
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  436
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D21
Violations Charged
The VIOLATN Data File
(continued)
2010-Later
RULES OF THE ROAD – TRAFFIC SIGN & SIGNALS
31
Fail to Stop for Red Signal
32
Fail to Stop for Flashing Red
33
Violation of Turn on Red (Fail to Stop & Yield, Yield to Pedestrians before Turning)
34
Fail to Obey Flashing Signal (Yellow or Red)
35
Fail to Obey Signal Generally
36
Violate RR Grade Crossing Device/Regulations
37
Fail to Obey Stop Sign
38
Fail to Obey Yield Sign
39
Fail to Obey Traffic Control Device Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – TURNING, YIELDING, SIGNALING
41
Turn in Violation of Traffic Control (Disobey Signs, Turn Arrow or Pavement Markings;
this is not a Right-on-Red violation)
42
Improper Method & Position of Turn (Too Wide, Wrong Lane)
43
Fail to Signal for Turn or Stop
45
Fail to Yield to Emergency Vehicle
46
Fail to Yield Generally
48
Enter Intersection When Space Insufficient
49
Turn, Yield, Signaling Violations Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – WRONG SIDE, PASSING & FOLLOWING
51
Driving Wrong Way on One-Way Road
52
Driving on Left, Wrong Side of Road Generally
53
Improper, Unsafe Passing
54
Pass on Right (Drive off Pavement to Pass)
55
Pass Stopped School Bus
56
Fail to Give Way When Overtaken
58
Following Too Closely
59
Wrong Side, Passing, Following Violations Generally
RULES OF THE ROAD – LANE USAGE
61
Unsafe or Prohibited Lane Change
62
Improper Use of Lane (Enter of 3-Lane Road, HOV Designated Lane)
63
Certain Traffic to Use Right Lane (Trucks, Slow Moving, etc.)
66
Motorcycle Lane Violations (More than two per Lane, Riding Between Lanes, etc.)
67
Motorcyclist Attached to another Vehicle
69
Lane Violations Generally
NON-MOVING – LICENSE & REGISTRATION VIOLATIONS
71
Driving While License Withdrawn
72
Other Driver License Violations
73
Commercial Driver Violations
74
Vehicle Registration Violations
75
Fail to Carry Insurance Card
76
Driving Uninsured Vehicle
79
Non-Moving Violations Generally
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  437
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
D21
Violations Charged
The VIOLATN Data File
(continued)
2010-Later
EQUIPMENT
81
Lamp Violations
82
Brake Violations
83
Failure to Require Restraint Use (By Self or Passenger)
84
Motorcycle Equipment Violations (Helmet, Special Equipment)
85
Violation of Hazardous Cargo Regulations
86
Size, Weight, Load Violations
89
Equipment Violations Generally
LICENSE, REGISTRATION & OTHER VIOLATIONS
91
Parking
92
Theft, Unauthorized Use of Motor Vehicle
93
Driving Where Prohibited (Sidewalk, Limited Access, Off Truck Route)
95
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
97
Not Reported
98
Other Moving Violation
99
Unknown Violation(s)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  438
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The VISION Data File
The VISION Data File
The Vision data file identifies each visual obstruction (as a separate record). It contains the
data elements ST_CASE, STATE, and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the
Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains MVISOBSC which is
described below. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and MVISOBSC are the unique identifiers for each
record. ST_CASE and VEH_NO should be used to merge the Vision data file with the Vehicle
data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  439
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
PC14
The VISION Data File
Driver’s Vision Obscured by
Definition: This data element records impediments to this driver’s visual field that were noted
in the case materials.
Additional Information: Most of these data elements can be found in “Related Factor – Driver
Level” from 1982 to 2008. This data element was added to the Vehicle data file in 2009. In
2010, the data element was changed to identify all that apply in the crash and was therefore
moved here to its own data file.
SAS Name: MVISOBSC
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00
No Obstruction Noted
01
Rain, Snow, Fog, Smoke, Sand, Dust
02
Reflected Glare, Bright Sunlight, Headlights
03
Curve, Hill, or Other Roadway Design Features
04
Building, Billboard, or Other Structure
05
Trees, Crops, Vegetation
06
In-Transport Motor Vehicle (Including Load)
07
Not-in-Transport Motor Vehicle (Parked, Working)
08
Splash or Spray of Passing Vehicle
09
Inadequate Defrost or Defog System
10
Inadequate Vehicle Lighting System
11
Obstructing Interior to the Vehicle
12
External Mirrors
13
Broken or Improperly Cleaned Windshield
14
Obstructing Angles on Vehicle
95
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
97
Vision Obscured – No Details
98
Other Visual Obstruction
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  440
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The NMCRASH Data File
The NMCRASH Data File
The Nmcrash data file identifies each non-motorist action at the time of the crash (as a separate
record). It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO, which are
described in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also
contains MTM_CRSH which is described below. ST_CASE, PER_NO, and MTM_CRSH are
the unique identifiers for each record. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO should be used to
merge the Nmcrash data file with non-motorists from the Person data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  441
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The NMCRASH Data File
NM12 Non-Motorist Action/Circumstances at Time of Crash
Definition: This data element describes the action(s) and/or circumstances of this non-motorist
that law enforcement indicated may have contributed to the crash.
Additional Information: Some information that had been collected under Person Level
Related Factors are now captured under this new data element. Please note the "non-motorist"
may include people in not-in-transport motor vehicles, however this data element is only
collected for people who are not occupants of motor vehicles.
SAS Name: MTM_CRSH
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00
No Improper Action
01
Dart/Dash
02
Failure to Yield Right-Of-Way
03
Failure to Obey Traffic Signs, Signals or Officer
04
In Roadway Improperly (Standing, Lying, Working, Playing)
05
Entering/Exiting Vehicle
06
Inattentive (Talking, Eating, etc.)
07
Improper Turn/Merge
08
Improper Passing
09
Wrong-Way Riding or Walking
10
Driving on Wrong Side of Road
12
Improper Crossing of Roadway or Intersection (Jaywalking)
13
Failing to Have Lights on When Required
14
Operating Without Required Equipment
15
Improper or Erratic Lane Changing
16
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane or Running Off Road
17
Making Improper Entry to or Exit from Trafficway
18
Operating the Vehicle in Other Erratic, Reckless, Careless or Negligent Manner
19
Not Visible (Dark Clothing, No Lighting, etc.)
20
Passing with Insufficient Distance or Inadequate Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle
21
Other
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  442
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The NMIMPAIR Data File
The NMIMPAIR Data File
The Nmimpair data file identifies each non-motorist impairment (as a separate record). It
contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO, which are described in
the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains
NMIMPAIR which is described below. ST_CASE, PER_NO, and NMIMPAIR are the unique
identifiers for each record. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO should be used to merge the
Nmimpair data file with non-motorists from the Person data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  443
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
NM14
The NMIMPAIR Data File
Condition (Impairment) at Time of Crash- Non-Motorist
Definition: This data element identifies physical impairments to this non-motorist that may
have contributed to the crash as identified by law enforcement.
Additional Information: This data element attempts to identify physical impairments to this
non-motorist which may have contributed to the cause of the crash. These impairments can
appear anywhere in the case materials--in the narrative section, in the violations section, in a
column entitled “Contributing Factors” or “Driver Action,” etc.
Some information that had been collected under “Related Factors- Person Level” is now
captured under this new data element.
SAS Name: NMIMPAIR
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
00
None/Apparently Normal
01
Ill, Blackout
02
Asleep or Fatigued
03
Walking with a Cane or Crutches
04
Paraplegic or Restricted to Wheelchair
05
Impaired Due to Previous Injury
06
Deaf
07
Blind
08
Emotional (Depressed, Angry, Disturbed, etc.)
09
Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs or Medication
10
Physical Impairment – No Details
96
Other Physical Impairment
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown if Impaired
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  444
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The NMPRIOR Data File
The NMPRIOR Data File
The Nmprior data file identifies each non-motorist action immediately prior to the crash (as a
separate record). It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO,
which are described in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The
data file also contains MPR_ACT which is described below. ST_CASE, PER_NO, and
MPR_ACT are the unique identifiers for each record. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO
should be used to merge the Nmprior data file with non-motorists from the Person data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  445
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The NMPRIOR Data File
NM11 Non-Motorist Action/Circumstances Prior to Crash
Definition: This data element describes the action(s) of the non-motorist immediately prior to
their involvement in the crash.
Additional Information: Some information that had been collected under Person Level
Related Factors are now captured under this new data element. Please note the "non-motorist"
may include people in not-in-transport motor vehicles, however this data element is only
collected for people who are not occupants of motor vehicles.
SAS Name: MPR_ACT
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
01
Going to or from School (K-12)
02
Waiting to Cross Roadway
03
Crossing Roadway
04
Jogging/Running
05
Movement Along Roadway with Traffic (In or Adjacent to Travel Lane)
06
Movement Along Roadway Against Traffic (In or Adjacent to Travel Lane)
07
Movement on Sidewalk
08
In Roadway-Other (Working, Playing, etc.)
09
Adjacent to Roadway (e.g., Shoulder, Median)
10
Working in Trafficway (Incident Response)
11
Entering/Exiting a Vehicle
12
Disabled Vehicle Related (Working on, Pushing, Leaving/Approaching)
14
Other
15
None
16
Movement Along Roadway – Direction Unknown (Since 2012)
98
Not Reported
99
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  446
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The SAFETYEQ Data File
The SAFETYEQ Data File
The Safetyeq data file identifies each item of safety equipment (as a separate record). It
contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO, which are described in
the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes section. The data file also contains
MSAFEQMT which is described below. ST_CASE, PER_NO, and MSAFEQMT are the unique
identifiers for each record. ST_CASE, VEH_NO, and PER_NO should be used to merge the
Safetyeq data file with non-motorists from the Person data file.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  447
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
The SAFETYEQ Data File
NM13 Non-Motorist Safety Equipment
Definition: This data element indicates the safety equipment that was used by this nonmotorist involved in the crash.
Additional Information: There can be one or more safety equipment responses for each
nonmotorist.
SAS Name: MSAFEQMT
Attribute Codes
2010-Later
1
None Used
2
Helmet
3
Reflective Equipment/Clothing (Jacket, Backpack, etc.)
4
Protective Pads Used (Elbows, Knees, Shins, etc.)
5
Lighting
7
Other Safety Equipment
8
Not Reported
9
Unknown if Used
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  448
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes
The VINDECODE Data File
The Vindecode data file provides vehicle specification data for all vehicle types, mainly
passenger vehicles, trucks and motorcycles. It contains the data elements ST_CASE, STATE,
and VEH_NO, which are described in the beginning of the Data Element Definitions and Codes
section. ST_CASE and VEH_NO are the unique identifiers for each record. ST_CASE and
VEH_NO should be used to merge the Vindecode data file with the Vehicle or Parkwork data
file.
The Vindecode data file contains 81 data elements derived from the VIN using the RL Polk VIN
verification and decoding program, VINtelligence. Descriptions of the data elements and their
contents can be found in the Polk VINtelligence Deluxe Package and Field Descriptions
documentation in Appendix F: Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Data Element Definitions and Codes  449
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices
Appendices
Appendix A: V23 Accident Type Diagram
Appendix B: Additional Data Element Information
Appendix C: FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Appendix D: Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Appendix E: Pedestrian and Bicyclist Data Availability Change
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  450
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix A:
V23 Accident Type Diagram
Appendix A:
V23 Accident Type Diagram
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  451
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Date of Crash
Time of Day/Day of Week
Data Year and Code
Classification
1975-Later
Time of Day
HOUR (Military)
Daytime (6:00 a.m. – 5:59 p.m.)
6-17
Nighttime (6:00 p.m. – 5:59 a.m.)
0-5, 18-24*
Unknown
99
Day of Week
DAY_WEEK w/ HOUR
Weekday
6 a.m. Monday thru 5:59 p.m. Friday
(DAY_WEEK=2 and 6<=HOUR<=23) or
(DAY_WEEK in (3,4,5)) or
(DAY_WEEK=6 and (0<= HOUR <=17 or HOUR=24*))
Weekend
6 p.m. Friday thru 5:59 a.m. Monday
(DAY_WEEK=6 and 18<= HOUR <=23) or
(DAY_WEEK in (1,7)) or
(DAY_WEEK=2 and (0<= HOUR <=5 or HOUR=24*))
(DAY_WEEK =9) or
(DAY_WEEK in (2,6) and HOUR =99)
Unknown
* Hour 24 is the beginning of the day. In 2009 attribute 24 was dropped since 0 means the same thing.
Holidays
The length of a "FARS holiday" depends on the day on which the holiday occurs. NHTSA uses
the following times for holiday analysis:
DAY OF HOLIDAY
TIME PERIOD USED FOR ANALYSIS
Sunday or Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday or Saturday
6 p.m. Friday to 5:59 a.m. Tuesday
6 p.m. Friday to 5:59 a.m. Wednesday
6 p.m. Tuesday to 5:59 a.m. Thursday
6 p.m. Wednesday to 5:59 a.m. Monday
6 p.m. Thursday to 5:59 a.m. Monday
HOLIDAY DESCRIPTIONS AND CALENDARS
The following table gives a detailed description of the time periods included within the following
major holidays: New Year’s, Memorial Day, Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and
Christmas. The number of whole days in the holiday period is shown in parentheses. Since the
holiday period data retrieval is associated with the alcohol related data, the holiday periods are
given from 1982 onwards to match with the BAC data.
Note: When using the Alcohol data files, the New Year’s Day holiday period for 1982 will be
incomplete since no Alcohol data files exist prior to 1982.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  452
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Date of Crash
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
HOLIDAY CALENDAR
Year
New Year’s
Day
Memorial Day
Fourth of July
Labor Day
Thanksgiving
Day
Christmas
Day
1982
6:00 PM Thu.
12/31/1981 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/04/1982 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/28/1982 to
5:59 AM Tue.
06/01/1982 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/02/1982 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/06/1982 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/03/1982 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/07/1982 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/24/1982 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/29/1982 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/23/1982 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/27/1982 (3)
1983
6:00 PM Thu.
12/30/1982 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/03/1983 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/27/1983 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/31/1983 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/01/1983 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/05/1983 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/02/1983 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/06/1983 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/23/1983 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/28/1983 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/23/1983 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/27/1983 (3)
1984
6:00 PM Fri.
12/30/1983 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/03/1984 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/25/1984 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/29/1984 (3)
6:00 PM Tue.
07/03/1984 to
5:59 AM Thu.
07/05/1984 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/31/1984 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/04/1984 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/21/1984 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/26/1984 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/21/1984 to
5:59 AM Wed.
12/26/1984 (4)
1985
6:00 PM Fri.
12/28/1984 to
5:59 AM Wed.
01/02/1985 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/24/1985 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/28/1985 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
07/03/1985 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/08/1985 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/30/1985 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/03/1985 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/27/1985 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/02/1985 (4)
6:00 PM Tue.
12/24/1985 to
5:59 AM Thu.
12/26/1985 (1)
1986
6:00 PM Tue.
12/31/1985 to
5:59 AM Thu.
01/02/1986 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/23/1986 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/27/1986 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/03/1986 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/07/1986 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/29/1986 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/02/1986 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/26/1986 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/01/1986 (4)
6:00 PM Wed.
12/24/1986 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/29/1986 (4)
1987
6:00 PM Wed.
12/31/1986 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/05/1987 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/22/1987 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/26/1987 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/02/1987 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/06/1987 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/04/1987 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/08/1987 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/25/1987 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/30/1987 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/24/1987 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/28/1987 (3)
1988
6:00 PM Thu.
12/31/1987 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/04/1988 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/27/1988 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/31/1988 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/01/1988 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/05/1988 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/02/1988 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/06/1988 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/23/1988 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/28/1988 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/23/1988 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/27/1988 (3)
1989
6:00 PM Fri.
12/30/1988 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/03/1989 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/26/1989 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/30/1989 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
06/30/1989 to
5:59 AM Wed.
07/05/1989 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/01/1989 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/05/1989 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/22/1989 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/27/1989 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/22/1989 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/26/1989 (3)
1990
6:00 PM Fri.
12/29/1989 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/02/1990 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/25/1990 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/29/1990 (3)
6:00 PM Tue.
07/03/1990 to
5:59 AM Thu.
07/05/1990 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/31/1990 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/04/1990 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/21/1990 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/26/1990 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/21/1990 to
5:59 AM Wed.
12/26/1990 (4)
1991
6:00 PM Fri.
12/28/1990 to
5:59 AM Wed.
01/02/1991 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/24/1991 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/28/1991 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
07/03/1991 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/08/1991 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/30/1991 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/03/1991 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/27/1991 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/02/1991 (4)
6:00 PM Tue.
12/24/1991 to
5:59 AM Thu.
12/26/1991 (1)
1992
6:00 PM Tue.
12/31/1991 to
5:59 AM Thu.
01/02/1992 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/22/1992 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/26/1992 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/02/1992 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/06/1992 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/04/1992 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/08/1992 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/25/1992 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/30/1992 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/24/1992 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/28/1992 (3)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  453
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Date of Crash
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
HOLIDAY CALENDAR
Year
New Year’s
Day
Memorial Day
Fourth of July
Labor Day
Thanksgiving
Day
Christmas
Day
1993
6:00 PM Thu.
12/31/1992 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/04/1993 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/28/1993 to
5:59 AM Tue.
06/01/1993 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/02/1993 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/06/1993 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/03/1993 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/07/1993 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/24/1993 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/29/1993 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/23/1993 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/27/1993 (3)
1994
6:00 PM Thu.
12/30/1993 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/03/1994 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/27/1994 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/31/1994 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/01/1994 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/05/1994 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/02/1994 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/06/1994 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/23/1994 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/28/1994 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/23/1994 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/27/1994 (3)
1995
6:00 PM Fri.
12/30/1994 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/03/1995 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/26/1995 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/30/1995 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
06/30/1995 to
5:59 AM Wed.
07/05/1995 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/01/1995 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/05/1995 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/22/1995 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/27/1995 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/22/1995 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/26/1995 (3)
1996
6:00 PM Fri.
12/29/1995 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/02/1996 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/24/1996 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/28/1996 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
07/03/1996 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/08/1996 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/30/1996 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/03/1996 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/27/1996 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/02/1996 (4)
6:00 PM Tue.
12/24/1996 to
5:59 AM Thu.
12/26/1996 (1)
1997
6:00 PM Tue.
12/31/1996 to
5:59 AM Thu.
01/02/1997 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/23/1997 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/27/1997 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/03/1997 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/07/1997 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/29/1997 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/02/1997 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/26/1997 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/01/1997 (4)
6:00 PM Wed.
12/24/1997 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/29/1997 (4)
1998
6:00 PM Wed.
12/31/1997 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/05/1998 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/22/1998 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/26/1998 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/02/1998 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/06/1998 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/04/1998 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/08/1998 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/25/1998 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/30/1998 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/24/1998 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/28/1998 (3)
1999
6:00 PM Thu.
12/31/1998 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/04/1999 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/28/1999 to
5:59 AM Tue.
06/01/1999 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/02/1999 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/06/1999 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/03/1999 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/07/1999 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/24/1999 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/29/1999 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/23/1999 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/27/1999 (3)
2000
6:00 PM Thu.
12/30/1999 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/03/2000 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/26/2000 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/30/2000 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
06/30/2000 to
5:59 AM Wed.
07/05/2000 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/01/2000 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/05/2000 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/22/2000 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/27/2000 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/22/2000 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/26/2000 (3)
2001
6:00 PM Fri.
12/29/2000 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/02/2001 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/25/2001 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/29/2001 (3)
6:00 PM Tue.
07/03/2001 to
5:59 AM Thu.
07/05/2001 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/31/2001 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/04/2001 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/21/2001 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/26/2001 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/21/2001 to
5:59 AM Wed.
12/26/2001 (4)
2002
6:00 PM Fri.
12/28/2001 to
5:59 AM Wed.
01/02/2002 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/24/2002 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/28/2002 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
07/03/2002 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/08/2002 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/30/2002 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/03/2002 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/27/2002 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/02/2002 (4)
6:00 PM Tue.
12/24/2002 to
5:59 AM Thu.
12/26/2002 (1)
2003
6:00 PM Tue.
12/31/2002 to
5:59 AM Thu.
01/02/2003 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/23/2003 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/27/2003 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/03/2003 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/07/2003 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/29/2003 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/02/2003 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/26/2003 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/01/2003 (4)
6:00 PM Wed.
12/24/2003 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/29/2003 (4)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  454
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Date of Crash
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
HOLIDAY CALENDAR
New Year’s
Day
Year
Memorial Day
Fourth of July
Labor Day
Thanksgiving
Day
Christmas
Day
2004
6:00 PM Wed.
12/31/2003 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/05/2004 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/28/2004 to
5:59 AM Tue.
06/01/2004 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/02/2004 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/06/2004 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/03/2004 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/07/2004 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/24/2004 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/29/2004 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/23/2004 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/27/2004 (3)
2005
6:00 PM Thu.
12/30/2004 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/03/2005 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/27/2005 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/31/2005 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/01/2005 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/05/2005 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/02/2005 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/06/2005 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/23/2005 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/28/2005 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/23/2005 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/27/2005 (3)
2006
6:00 PM Fri.
12/30/2005 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/03/2006 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/26/2006 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/30/2006 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
06/30/2006 to
5:59 AM Wed.
07/05/2006 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/01/2006 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/05/2006 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/22/2006 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/27/2006 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/22/2006 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/26/2006 (3)
2007
6:00 PM Fri.
12/29/2006 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/02/2007 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/25/2007 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/29/2007 (3)
6:00 PM Tue.
07/03/2007 to
5:59 AM Thu.
07/05/2007 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/31/2007 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/04/2007 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/21/2007 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/26/2007 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/21/2007 to
5:59 AM Wed.
12/26/2007 (4)
2008
6:00 PM Fri.
12/28/2007 to
5:59 AM Wed.
01/02/2008 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/23/2008 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/27/2008 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/03/2008 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/07/2008 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/29/2008 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/02/2008 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/26/2008 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/01/2008 (4)
6:00 PM Wed.
12/24/2008 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/29/2008 (4)
2009
6:00 PM Wed.
12/31/2008 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/05/2009 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/22/2009 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/26/2009 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/02/2009 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/06/2009 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/04/2009 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/08/2009 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/25/2009 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/30/2009 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/24/2009 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/28/2009 (3)
2010
6:00 PM Thu.
12/31/2009 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/04/2010 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/28/2010 to
5:59 AM Tue.
06/01/2010 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/02/2010 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/06/2010 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/03/2010 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/07/2010 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/24/2010 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/29/2010 (4)
6:00 PM Thu.
12/23/2010 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/27/2010 (3)
2011
6:00 PM Thu.
12/30/2010 to
5:59 AM Mon.
01/03/2011 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/27/2011 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/31/2011 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
07/01/2011 to
5:59 AM Tue.
07/05/2011 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
09/02/2011 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/06/2011 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/23/2011 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/28/2011 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/23/2011 to
5:59 AM Tue.
12/27/2011 (3)
2012
6:00 PM Fri.
12/30/2011 to
5:59 AM Tue.
01/03/2012 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/25/2012 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/29/2012 (3)
6:00 PM Tue.
07/03/2012 to
5:59 AM Thu.
07/05/2012 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/31/2012 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/04/2012 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/21/2012 to
5:59 AM Mon.
11/26/2012 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
12/21/2012 to
5:59 AM Wed.
12/26/2012 (4)
2013
6:00 PM Fri.
12/28/2012 to
5:59 AM Wed.
01/02/2013 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/24/2013 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/28/2013 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
07/03/2013 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/08/2013 (4)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/30/2013 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/03/2013 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/27/2013 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/02/2013 (4)
6:00 PM Tue.
12/24/2013 to
5:59 AM Thu.
12/26/2013 (1)
2014
6:00 PM Tue.
12/31/2013 to
5:59 AM Thu.
01/02/2014 (1)
6:00 PM Fri.
05/23/2014 to
5:59 AM Tue.
05/27/2014 (3)
6:00 PM Thu.
07/03/2014 to
5:59 AM Mon.
07/07/2014 (3)
6:00 PM Fri.
08/29/2014 to
5:59 AM Tue.
09/02/2014 (3)
6:00 PM Wed.
11/26/2014 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/01/2014 (4)
6:00 PM Wed.
12/24/2014 to
5:59 AM Mon.
12/29/2014 (4)
Note: The number of whole days in the holiday period is shown in parenthesis.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  455
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Manner of Collision
Note: From 1975 to 2001, the manner of collision is totally dependent on the directions of travel
of the vehicles involved. The direction of travel of the vehicles is often misunderstood. The
direction of a vehicle is determined by the precrash condition direction of travel, just before the
vehicle goes out of control. Example (1): Assume two vehicles are heading toward each other
on the same roadway, one going north and the other going south. If the southbound vehicle
skids on a patch of ice and turns 180° and immediately is struck in the rear by the vehicle going
north, then the manner of collision is “Head-On,” not “Rear-End.” Example (2): Had the vehicle
going north sideswiped the southbound vehicle, which after the ice skid was pointed north, the
manner of collision would be “Sideswipe Opposite Direction,” even though both vehicles are
pointed north at the time of the sideswipe. The precrash condition directions of travel, for both
vehicles, determine the outcome. These examples involve a rotation of a vehicle just before the
crash and can account for 20 to 30 percent of the coded cases. See Impact also in this
Appendix.
Starting in 2002 and later, the manner of collision is dependent on the geometry of the points of
impact. That is, Example (1) above is now coded 01, Front-to-Rear (includes Rear-End) and
Example (2), is now coded 07 Sideswipe, Same Direction. This is a major change in the
MAN_COLL data element. Care must be taken when using this data element over a time period
that spans 2001 to 2002.
NHTSA’S Manner Of Collision Convention
Classification (MAN_COLL)
Data Year and Code
1975-1977
1978-2001
2002-Later
Not Collision with Motor Vehicle in Transport
0
0
00
Rear-End
1
1
01
Head-On
2
2
02
Angle
4
4
03-06
Sideswipe
7
5, 6
07-08
Other
3
3
09-11
Unknown
9
9
99,
*98 (2010)
Since 2002, this data element has been based on the impact location (front, side, or rear) and
vehicle orientation (facing in the same or opposite directions) of the contact vehicles in the First
Harmful Event. The use of “direction of force” will no longer be used in determining this data
element. Prior to 2002, the “direction of force” immediately preceding the collision was allowed
to be considered, especially in head-on collisions.
Notes: Refers only to crashes in which the “First Harmful Event” is a collision between two
motor vehicles in-transport (codes 12 and 13).
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  456
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Manner of Collision
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
Use the Diagrams below to help determine Manner of Collision codes 01-05, 07-08
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  457
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Atmospheric Condition
Accident.WEATHER1 and Accident.WEATHER2 are coded data elements, and
Accident.WEATHER is derived from these two. To derive WEATHER from these two data
elements, the priority ranking of each attribute is as follows:
 Snow
 Blowing Snow
 Sleet or Hail
 Freezing Rain or Drizzle
 Rain
 Fog, Smog, Smoke
 Severe Crosswinds
 Blowing Sand, Soil, Dirt
 Other
 Cloudy
 Clear
 Not Reported
 Unknown
 No Additional Atmospheric Conditions
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  458
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
School Bus Related
School Bus – refers to a motor vehicle which satisfies the following criteria:
 externally identifiable to other traffic units as a school/pupil transport vehicle;
 operated or owned by a public school or private school;
 where the institution’s students may range from pre-school through high school;
 whose occupants, if any, are associated with the institution; and,
 the vehicle is in operations at the time of the crash to and from the school or on a
school-sponsored activity or trip.
Also check the data element SPEC_USE in the Vehicle data file. When the data element
SPEC_USE is set to the value 2 then the vehicle is used as a school bus.
This code applies to crashes in which a vehicle functioning as a school bus was directly or
indirectly involved. The "school bus" does not have to be a traffic unit in the crash, but it must
have been involved in some school-related activity (e.g., children boarding or alighting from the
bus; bus stopping at or pulling from a location of such activity, etc.)
If school-bus-related is yes, then the crash and all fatalities in that crash are school-bus-related.
Additional explanation – inclusions:
 A collision involving a motor vehicle in-transport in which one or more than one school
bus strikes or is struck by another road vehicle (directly involved).
 A collision involving a pedestrian in which a child approaching or leaving a school bus,
stopped and with its red lights flashing, is struck and injured by a motor vehicle
(indirectly involved).
 A collision crash or non-collision crash involving a motor vehicle in-transport passing a
school bus stopped and with its red lights flashing (the school bus is a non-contact
vehicle indirectly involved).
 A collision crash in which a child approaching or leaving a school bus, stopped and with
its red light flashing, is struck and injured by a pedalcyclist (school bus indirectly
involved).
Additional explanation – exclusions:
 A collision crash or non-collision crash involving a motor vehicle which is normally used
as a school bus, but is carrying only senior citizens when the collision occurs.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  459
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Relation to Trafficway
Note: Two-way continuous left-turn lane was captured under Median prior to 2001.
Trafficway with frontage road
Trafficway with multiple roadways in the same direction
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  460
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Relation to Trafficway
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
Gore
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  461
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Roadway Function Class and Land Use
NHTSA’S Roadway Function Class Convention
Data Year and Code
Classification (ROAD_FNC)
1981-1986
1987-Later
Interstate, principal arterial
1
01, 11
Freeway and expressway, principal arterial
2
12
Principal arterial, other
3
02, 13
Minor arterial
4
03, 14
5, 6, 7
04, 05, 15
Local
8
06, 16
Unknown
9
09, 19, 99
Collector
NHTSA’S Land Use (Rural/Urban) Convention
Classification
Data Year and Code
1981-1986
1987-Later
(LAND_USE)
(ROAD_FNC)
Rural
2
01-06, 09
Urban
1
11-16, 19
Unknown
9
99
NHTSA’S Interstate and Non-Interstate Convention
Classification
Interstate
Non-Interstate
Unknown
1975-1980
(CL_TWAY)
Data Year and Code
1981-1986
(ROAD_FNC)
1987-Later
(ROAD_FNC)
1
1
01, 11
2-8
2-8
02-06, 12-16
9
9
09, 19, 99
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  462
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Trafficway Identifier
If “Route Signing” is 1 (Interstate), then “I-” is in the first two spaces of “Trafficway Identifier”
If “Route Signing” is 2 (US Highway), then “US-” is in the first three spaces of “Trafficway
Identifier”
If “Route Signing” is 3 (State Highway), then “SR-” is in the first three spaces of “Trafficway
Identifier”
If Route Signing is 4 (County Road), then “CR-” is in the first three spaces of Trafficway
Identifier followed by the route number OR name if there is no number.
If Route Signing is other than 1, 2, 3 or 4, the route name or identifier is left-justified.
Immediately after the route designation (I-, US- or SR-), the corresponding highway number
appears. For example, Interstate 70 should be coded as “I-70” and US 66 should be coded as
“US-66.” A dash is used in the highway designation between the capital letters and the number.
If one trafficway is both a State Highway and an Interstate Highway, “Route Signing” must
always be coded “1-Interstate.”
(a) If the “Trafficway Identifier” and “Milepoint” are available for only the State Highway then the
“Route Signing” is coded as “1-Interstate.” “I-” is in the first two spaces of “Trafficway Identifier”
followed by the full State Highway Identifier as normal (including any letters.) If California
business loop (CA215) is also Interstate 15, then “Trafficway Identifier” is code as “I-SR215” or
“I-CA215.”
(b) If the “Trafficway Identifier” and “Milepoint” are available for both the State Highway and the
Interstate Highway, then “I-” appears in the first two spaces of “Trafficway Identifier” followed by
the Interstate number. The Interstate “Milepoint” is coded. E.g., “I-15” (SR215) or “I-15”
(CA215).
Similarly, if a State Highway is also a U.S. Highway, then the “Route Signing” is coded as “2-US
Highway.”
(a) If the “Trafficway Identifier” and “Milepoint” are available only for the State Highway, then the
“Route Signing” is coded as “2-US Highway.” “US-” appears in the first three spaces of
“Trafficway Identifier” followed by the full State Highway Identifier as normal (including any
letters). The State Highway “Milepoint” is coded. E.g.; If Florida Route 25 is also US Route 27,
then code “US-SR25” or “US-FL25.”
(b) If the “Trafficway Identifier” and “Milepoint” are available for both the U.S. Highway and the
State Highway, then “US-” is in the first three spaces of “Trafficway Identifier” followed by the
U.S. route number. The State Highway Identifier appears anywhere after the US route number.
The US Route “Milepoint” is coded. E.g. “US-27” (SR25) or “US-27” (FL25).
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  463
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Vehicle (Body Type) Classification
BODY_TYP by NHTSA vehicle category
NHTSA has precise definitions for several vehicle categories, such as passenger cars, pickups,
buses, etc. For some categories, one will also need the data element TOW_VEH.
NHTSA’s Vehicle Body Type Classification
Data Year and Code
Classification
(BODY_TYP)
1975-1981
1982-1990
1991-Later
Passenger Cars
01-09
01-11, 67
01-11, 17 (since 2010)
Light Trucks & Vans
(4)
43, 50-52, or (60 and
tow_veh=0)
12, 40, 41, 48-51, 53-56,
58, 59, 68, 69, or (79 and
tow_veh=0 or 9)
14-22, 24 , 25 , 28-41,
45-49, or (79 and tow_veh =0
or 9)
Large Trucks
53-59, or (60 and
tow_veh=1)
70-72, 74-76, 78, or (79
(8)
and tow_veh in 1-5 )
60-64, 66, 67 , 71, 72, 78, or
(7)
(79 and tow_veh in 1-4)
Motorcycles
15-18
20-29
Buses
25-29
30-39
Other/Unknown
Vehicles
35-42, 44, 45, 99
13, 14, 42, 52, 73, 77, 80,
81, 82, 83, 88, 89, 90, 99
Passenger Vehicles
01-09, 43, 50-52, or (60
and tow_veh=0)
01-12, 40, 41, 48-51, 5356, 58, 59, 67-69, or (79
and tow_veh-0 or 9)
80-89
50-59 (55 van-based >10k lbs
since 2011)
(6)
12, 13, 23 , 42, 65, 73, 90,
(3)
91, 92, 93, 94 , 95 (since
2012), 97, 99
Also, since 2004 (79 and
(7)
tow_veh =5 or 6) or 98
(since 2010)
(1)
(2)
01-11, 14-22, 24 , 25 , 2841, 45-49, or (79 and
tow_veh=0 or 9) ,
or 17 (since 2010)
43
12, 56, 68
14-16, 19
50
50, 51
30-39
51
40, 41, 48, 49
20-22, 24
Utility Vehicles (a.k.a.
On/Off Road)
Pickups
Vans
(1,6)
(2,6)
(5)
(1,6)
, 25
(2,6)
, 28, 29
(5)
Medium Trucks
53, 54, 56
70, 71, 75, 78
60-62, 64, 67 , 71
Heavy Trucks
55, 57-59, or (60 and
tow_veh=1)
72, 74, 76, or (79 and
(8)
tow_veh in 1-5 )
63, 66, 72, 78, or (79 and
(7)
tow_veh in 1-4)
Combination Trucks
((53-56, 60) and
tow_veh=1) or 57-59
Single Unit Trucks
(53-56, 60) and tow_veh =0
((70-72, 75, 76, 78, 79)
(8)
and tow_veh in 1-5 ) or
74
(70-72, 75, 76, 78, 79)
and tow_veh in (0,9)
((60-64, 71, 72, 78, 79) and
(7)
tow_veh in 1-4) or 66
(60-62,63,64,67,71,72,78,79)
(7)
and tow_veh in (0,5,6 ,9)
(1)
Body type code 24 (van-based school bus) was added in 1993. When solely defining School Buses be sure to
include body type code 24.
(2)
Body type code 25 (van-based transit bus) was added in 1993. When solely defining Transit Buses be sure to
include body type code 25.
(3)
Body type coded 94 (motorized wheelchair) was added in 1997 and deleted in 1998.
(4)
“Light Trucks & Vans” is frequently referred to as just “Light Trucks.”
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  464
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle (Body Type) Classification
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
(5)
Body type code 67 (medium/heavy pickup (Ford Super Duty 450/550)) was added in 2001. For the purposes of
medium and heavy truck classifications, this body type will be considered a medium truck.
(6)
Van-based bus (24, 25) and van-based motor home (23) body type codes were deleted in 2003.
These attributes were removed because a review of the FARS Analyst coding revealed that they were rarely
capturing them.
(7)
New code was added in 2004 for Vehicle Trailing (tow_veh) - 5 (vehicle towing another motor vehicle). In 2009
the attribute was split into two to distinguish between fixed and non-fixed linkages (5 and 6). This attribute is not a
part of the selection criteria for Light, Large, Heavy, or Combination Truck classifications. Beginning with 2004, an
unknown truck type (light/medium/heavy) that was towing another vehicle - (BODY_TYP=79 and TOW_VEH=5,6)
- should be classified as Other/Unknown. This classification is subject to change.
(8)
From 1982 to 1990, Vehicle Trailing (TOW_VEH) attribute value 5 (yes, two or more trailing units) existed in 1982
only. Including “5” in the range from 1982 to 1990 does not affect the classification.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  465
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Driver License Type Compliance
NHTSA’S Driver License Type Compliance
Data Year and Code
Classification
1982-1986
(L_CL_VEH)
1987-1992
(L_COMPL)
1993-Later
(L_COMPL)
Valid
0, 2, 4
1, 3
1, 3
Invalid
1, 3, 5
0, 2
0, 2
9
9
6 (since 2011),
7 (2010-2011),
8, 9
Unknown
Return
Driver License Status/Type
NHTSA’S Driver License Status & Non-CDL Status
Classification
(L_STATUS)
Valid
Invalid
Unknown
Data Year and Code
1975-1981
1982-1986
1987-1992
1993-2003
2004-2010
2011-Later
0, 3, 7
0, 2, 7-8
5-8
6-8
6
6
1-2, 4-6
1, 3-6
0-4
0-4
0-4
0-4
9
9
9
9
9
7, 9
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  466
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Speeding
A fatal crash is “speeding” related if any of the following applies:
1.
At least one driver involved in the crash had a speeding related “Related FactorDriver Level.” Note that in 2009 the “Related Factor-Driver Level” attributes
associated with speeding related were deleted and a new data element, “Speed
Related,” was introduced to capture this information. The element name was
changed in 2013 to “Speeding Related.”
2.
At least one driver involved in the crash had a speeding related “Violations
Charged.”
Note: This definition was revised in 2002. The previous definition for “speeding” only looked at
“Related Factor-Driver Level.” By expanding the definition to include “Violations Charged,”
“speeding” fatal crashes and fatalities increase by less than one percent.
Fatal speeding-related crashes are not captured prior to 1982 using this scheme because
“Violations Charged” did not identify speeding violations prior to 1982. This method only applies
to 1982 through 2008 data.
Data Year and Codes
NHTSA’s Speeding Convention
1982-1996
1. Related Factor- Driver Level
1997
2008
DR_CF1, DR_CF2, DR_CF3, DR_CF4 (DR_CF4 added in 1997)
Driving too fast for conditions or in
excess of the posted maximum
Driving too fast for conditions
44
Driving in Excess of Posted Maximum
Racing
1998-2007
43
-
44
Speeding
2
46
VIOLCHG1, VIOLCHG2,
VIOLCHG3 (starting in 2002)
-
Alcohol or drugs and speeding
3
-
Racing
-
21
Speeding (above the speed limit)
Speed greater than reasonable and
prudent (not necessarily over the limit)
Exceeding special speed limit (e.g.: for
trucks, buses, cycles, or on bridge, in
school zone, etc.)
Energy speed (exceeding 55 mph, nonpointable)
Speed related violations generally
-
22
-
23
-
24
-
25
-
29
2. Violations Charged
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
-
-
VIOL_CHG
Appendices  467
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Speeding
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
A “Speeding Related” data element was added to the Vehicle file in 2009. A crash is “speeding”
related if at least one driver involved in the crash was “Speeding Related” Yes. Only the “Speed
Related” data element needs to be considered for 2009 and later data.
Data Year and
Codes
2009-2012
Classification
No
0
Not Speeding
Yes (includes the following):
• Speed greater than reasonable or prudent
(not necessarily over the limit)
• Driving too fast for conditions
• Speeding (above the speed limit)
• Exceeding special limit (e.g.; for trucks,
buses, cycles, on bridge, at night, in school
zone, etc.)
• Racing
1
Speeding
No Driver Present/Unknown if Driver Present
8
(2011-2012)
Not Speeding
9
Unknown
NHTSA’s Speeding Convention
Unknown
The “Speeding Related” data element was expanded in 2013.
Data Year and
Codes
2013-Later
Classification
No
0
Not Speeding
Yes, Racing
2
Yes, Exceeded Speed Limit
3
Yes, Too Fast for Conditions
4
Yes, Specifics Unknown
5
Unknown
9
NHTSA’s Speeding Convention
Speeding
Unknown
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  468
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Impact
Data Year and Code
FARS Description
Initial/Principal
Point of Impact
IMPACT1 and IMPACT2
(and MDAREAS*)
1975-1993
Areas of
Impact –
Initial/Most
Damaged
Initial
Contact
Point/
Damaged
Areas
2010-2011
2012-Later
1994-2009
Non-Collision
00
00
00
1 o’clock
01
01
01*
11 o’clock
11
11
11*
12 o’clock
12
12
12*
2 o’clock
02
02
02*
3 o’clock
03
03
03*
4 o’clock
04
04
04*
Right
-
81
81
Right-Front Half/Side
-
82
82
Right-Back Half/Side
-
83
83
8 o’clock
08
08
08*
9 o’clock
09
09
09*
10 o’clock
10
10
10*
Left
-
61
61
Left-Front Half/Side
-
62
62
Left-Back Half/Side
-
63
63
5 o’clock
05
05
05*
6 o’clock
06
06
06*
7 o’clock
07
07
07*
Top
13
13
13*
Undercarriage
14
14
14*
-
-
-
-
-
-
18
(since 2004)
18
19
(since 2013)
98
98
Underride
Override
15
(since 1980)
16
(since 1982)
Special Condition:
This vehicle set something in
motion causing injury of
damage (not a clock value)
Not Reported
Unknown
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
-
Classification
Non-Collision
Front
Right Side /
Side
Left Side /
Side
Rear
Other
18
99*
Unknown
Appendices  469
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Impact
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
Note: In 2010, “Initial Point of Impact” and “Principal Point of Impact” became “Area of ImpactInitial Damaged Area” and “Area of Impact- Most Damaged Area”. In 2012, “Area of ImpactInitial Damaged Area” became “Initial Contact Point” and “Area of Impact- Most Damaged Area”
was discontinued. It was replaced with Damaged Areas which records all damaged areas to the
vehicle in the Damage data file. The applicable attributes for this element are marked with an
asterisk in the table (*).
2010-Later
Areas of Impact- Initial/Most Damaged (2010-2011)
Initial Contact Point (2012-Later)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  470
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Impact
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
1975-2009
Initial Impact Point and Principal Impact Point
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  471
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Impact
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
1975-Later
Impact Points
Right Side
Left Side
Source: FARS Coding Manual
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  472
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Impact
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
Data element 13 Examples
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  473
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
VIN Weight- Auto
FARS collects information on the weight of cars involved in fatal crashes. Vehicle weight is not
generally available for light trucks, however, the weight data element, WGTCD_TR, is. NHTSA
often partitions car weight into six classes. This has been done in An Analysis of Fires in
Passenger Cars, Light Trucks, and Vans, Tessmer, DOT HS 808 208, 1994; Passenger Car
Weight and Injury Severity in Single-Vehicle Nonrollover Crashes, Partyka and Boehly, 1989;
ESV Report 89-2b-O-005 and Development of Databases in Support of an Analysis of Fire
Incidence Using the Fatal Accident Reporting System, Walz and Klein, September 14, 1993.
The partition is defined as:
Car Weight Classes
Class
Weight Range in Pounds
Class 1
Car Weight < 1,950
Class 2
1,950  Car Weight < 2,450
Class 3
2,450  Car Weight < 2,950
Class 4
2,950  Car Weight < 3,450
Class 5
3,450  Car Weight < 3,950
Class 6
3,950  Car Weight
Note: If you are going to use this data element as a continuous data element, consider defining
a new data element, say AUTO_WT as AUTO_WT = VIN_WT/1000. That is, AUTO_WT is the
weight of the car in 1,000s of lbs. Its coefficient is less likely to be zero.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  474
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Data elements = VIN_1 ... VIN_12 The 1st to 12th character of the vehicle identification
number
The first character of the VIN usually identifies the country or Nation of Origin; the most common
are:
VIN_1 =
1
U.S.
2
Canada
3
Mexico
J
Japan
K
Korea
L
Taiwan
S
England
VF
France (V for Europe, F for France)
W
West Germany
Y
Sweden
Z
Italy
1981-Later
The second and third characters of the VIN, more or less, identify the make of the vehicle; the
most common AUTOMOBILE makes are:
VIN_2|VIN_3 =
2A - AVANTI
A3 - MITSUBISHI
AB - ISUZU
AJ - JAGUAR
AM - MASERATI (IF
VIN_1 = Z)
AM - AMERICAN
MOTORS (IF
VIN_1 = 1)
AR - ALPHA ROMEO
AW - AUDI
AX - STERLING
B3 - DODGE
BA - BMW
BB - BERTONE
C3 - CHRYSLER
CA - ROLLS ROYCE
CC - LOTUS
CE - DELOREAN
CF - ASTON MARTIN
DB - MERCEDES
BENZ
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
E3 - EAGLE
F1 - EAGLE
MEDALLION
(IF VIN_1 = V
SEE
RENAULT)
F1 - MERKUR (IF
VIN_1 = W)
F1 - RENAULT (IF
VIN_1 = V
SEE EAGLE
MEDALLION)
F1 - SUBARU (IF
VIN_1 = J)
F3 - PEUGEOT
FA - FORD (IF VIN_1
= 1)
FA - FIAT (IF VIN_1 =
Z)
FF - FERRARI
FR - PININFARINA
G1 - CHEVROLET
G2 - PONTIAC
G3 - OLDSMOBILE
G4 - BUICK
G6 - CADILLAC
G8 - SATURN
H4 - ACURA
HM - HONDA
JC - JEEP
LN - LINCOLN
M1 - MAZDA
ME - MERCURY
MH - HYUNDAI
N1 - NISSAN
P3 - PLYMOUTH
PO - PORSCHE
S3 - SAAB
S3 - SUZUKI
T2 - TOYOTA
V1 - VOLVO
VW - VOLKSWAGEN
Appendices  475
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
1981-Later
The 10th letter or number of the VIN tells you the model year of the vehicle. Note that this may
be different from when it was manufactured, as many automobile manufacturers start to
produce next year’s model this year. Find the model year by matching the 10th digit of your VIN
to the table below:
VIN_10 =
A = 1980
B = 1981
C = 1982
D = 1983
E = 1984
F = 1985
G = 1986
H = 1987
J = 1988
K = 1989
L = 1990
M = 1991
N = 1992
P = 1993
R = 1994
S = 1995
T = 1996
V = 1997
W = 1998
X = 1999
Y = 2000
1 = 2001
2 = 2002
3 = 2003
4 = 2004
5 = 2005
6 = 2006
7 = 2007
8 = 2008
9 = 2009
A = 2010
B = 2011
C = 2012
D = 2013
E = 2014
F = 2015
G = 2016
H = 2017
J = 2018
K = 2019
L = 2020
M = 2021
N = 2022
P = 2023
R = 2024
S = 2025
T = 2026
V = 2027
W = 2028
X = 2029
Y = 2030
1 = 2031
2 = 2032
3 = 2033
4 = 2034
5 = 2035
6 = 2036
7 = 2037
8 = 2038
9 = 2039
As shown, each letter or number has been assigned to two different years. To find out which
one applies, compare it to the 7th letter or number in the VIN. If the 7th VIN position is a letter,
then the vehicle is made in 2010 through 2039. If the 7th VIN position is a number, then the
vehicle is made prior to 2010.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  476
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Police Pursuits
A pursuit is an event that is initiated when a law enforcement officer, operating an authorized
emergency vehicle, gives notice to stop (either through the use of visual or audible emergency
signals or a combination of emergency devices) to a motorist who the officer is attempting to
apprehend and that motorist fails to comply with the signal by either maintaining his/her speed,
increasing speed or taking other evasive action to allude the officer’s continued attempts to stop
the motorist.
Police Pursuits
Data Year and Codes
Classification
Related Factor- Accident Level
1982-1993
1994-Later
-
20
CF1, CF2, CF3
Police Pursuit Involved
Related Factor- Driver Level
DR_CF1, DR_CF2, DR_CF3 (1982-2009)
DR_CF4 (1997-2009)
DR_SF1, DR_SF2, DR_SF3, DR_SF4 (2010-Later)
High Speed Chase with Police in Pursuit
37
FARS 1982-1993
If at least one driver in a crash has a “Related Factor-Driver Level” of High Speed Chase with
Police in Pursuit (37) then that crash is considered a “police pursuit” crash and all fatalities in
that crash are considered “fatalities in crashes involving police in pursuit.”
(DR_CF1=37) or (DR_CF2=37) or( DR_CF3=37)
Specific fatality types in a “police pursuit” crash can be identified as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
occupant of police vehicle - all occupants (PER_TYP IN (1,2,9)) of special use
vehicle police (SPEC_USE=5)
occupant of chased vehicle - all occupants (PER_TYP IN (1,2,9)) of vehicle with
a driver having a “driver related factor” of high speed chase with police in pursuit
(DR_CF1=37 OR DR_CF2=37 OR DR_CF3=37)
occupant of other vehicle - all other occupants (PER_TYP IN (1,2,9)) - excludes
occupant of police vehicle and chased vehicle
non-occupant - pedestrians, pedalcyclists, and other non-occupants (PER_TYP
IN (3,4,5,6,7,8))
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  477
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Police Pursuits
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
FARS 1994 and later
If a crash has a “Related Factor- Accident Level” of Police Pursuit Involved (20) or a driver in the
crash has a “Related Factor-Driver Level” of High Speed Chase with Police in Pursuit (37), then
that crash is considered a “police pursuit crash” and all fatalities in that crash are considered
“fatalities in crashes involving police in pursuit.”
(CF1=20) or (CF2=20) or (CF3=20) or (DR_CF1=37) or (DR_CF2=37) or (DR_CF3=37)
(or (DR_CF4=37) since 1997)
Note that data elements DR_CF1-DR_CF4 were renamed to DR_SF1-DR_SF4 in 2010.
Specific fatality types can be identified as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
occupant of police vehicle - all occupants (PER_TYP IN (1,2,9)) of special use
vehicle police (SPEC_USE=5)
occupant of chased vehicle - all occupants (PER_TYP IN (1,2,9)) of vehicle with
a driver having a driver related factor of high speed chase with police in pursuit
(DR_CF1=37 OR DR_CF2=37 OR DR_CF3=37). In 1997, DR_CF4 was added.
occupant of other vehicle - all other occupants (PER_TYP IN (1,2,9)) - excludes
occupant of police vehicle and chased vehicle
non-occupant - pedestrians, pedalcyclists, and other non-occupants
(PER_TYP IN (3,4,5,6,7,8,10,19))
unknown - (PER_TYP=99), this code existed for one year – 1996
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  478
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Alcohol
References:
Subramanian, R. (2002) Transitioning to Multiple Imputation: A New Method to Estimate Missing
BAC in FARS, Report DOT-HS-809-403, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
Department of Transportation.
http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/Rpts/2002/809-403.pdf)
(This report has detailed tabulations of the extent of alcohol involvement from 1982 to 2000
using estimates generated with both the old and new methods. Alcohol Involvement is reported
according to various categories of interest (age, sex, time of day, day of week, etc.)
Rubin, D.B., Schafer, J.L., and Subramanian, R. (1998) Multiple Imputation of Missing Blood
Alcohol Concentration (BAC) values in FARS, Report DOT-HS-808-816, National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, Department of Transportation.
(This report presents an in-depth technical view of the Multiple Imputation process and its
implementation in the FARS. Detailed specifications of the statistical models used to estimate
missing BACs are provided. Examples are also given of how the new data can be analyzed and
used in models.)
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  479
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Ejection
NHTSA’S Ejection
Classification (EJECTION)
Not Ejected
Ejected
Unknown
Data Year and Data element
1975-2006
2007-Later
0
0, 8
1, 2
1, 2, 3
9
9,
7 (since in 2010)
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  480
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Person Type
Data Year and Code
FARS Description
(PER_TYP)
Classification
19751981
19821993
19942004
20052006
2007Later
Driver of a motor vehicle intransport
1
1
01
01
01
Driver
Passenger of a motor vehicle intransport
2
2
02
02
02
Passenger
Unknown occupant type of a
(1)
motor vehicle in-transport
9
9
09
09
09
Passenger
Occupant of a motor vehicle not
(2)
in-transport
-
3
03
03
03
Other non-occupant
Occupant of a non-motor vehicle
(3)
transport device
5
4
04
04
04
Other non-occupant
Pedestrian
3
5
05
05
05
Pedestrian
6
06
06
06
Pedalcyclist
7
07
07
07
Pedalcyclist
8
8
-
-
-
Other/unknown
non-occupant
-
-
08
-
-
Other non-occupant
Other persons on personal
(5)
conveyances/ vehicles
-
-
-
08
-
Other non-occupant
Persons on personal
(6)
conveyances
-
-
-
-
08
Other non-occupant
-
-
-
-
10
Other non-occupant
-
-
19
19
19
Unknown nonoccupant type
-
-
99
-
-
Occupants
Non-occupants
Bicyclist
4
Other cyclist
Other or unknown non-occupant
Other pedestrian
(4)
Persons in/on buildings
(6)
Unknown type of non-occupant
Unknown
Unknown person type
(7)
Unknown person
type
Not Reported*
-
-
-
-
88 (2010)
*Not reported was introduced in 2010 although none appeared on the file in 2010. This attribute was deleted in 2011.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  481
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Person Type (continued)
Note: The early data has been modified to fit this format. For example, from 1975 to 1977 there
was a value for fatal crashes involving a non-motorist in an animal drawn vehicle. This data has
been reclassified into one of the values below.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
Customarily, “Unknown Occupant” is placed in the “Passenger” category, unless they need to be
distinguished from “Passengers”.
“Occupant of motor vehicle not in-transport” refers to occupants of parked motor vehicles (any motor
vehicle stopped off the roadway). In 2005, this definition was expanded to include parked/stopped off
roadway/working motor vehicles and occupants of motor vehicles in motion outside the trafficway
boundaries. Prior to 2005, occupants of working motor vehicles (working highway maintenance
vehicles, cherry pickers, etc.) were coded “08.” At that time, code “08” was labeled “Other
Pedestrians.”
“Occupant of non-motor vehicle transport device” refers to persons riding in an animal-drawn
conveyance, on an animal, or injured occupants of railway trains, etc.
The code for “other pedestrians (08)” was created in FARS in 1994. This code was the result of
further detailing the previous coding of “other or unknown non-occupant (8)” as 1) other pedestrians
and 2) unknown non-occupant. Since it is not possible to differentiate “other pedestrians” from
“unknown non-occupants” prior to 1994, we have kept them in the “other non-occupant“ category for
consistency across data years. “Other pedestrians” is used for occupant of a transport device used as
equipment (working highway maintenance trucks, cherry pickers, etc.), pedestrians using
conveyances, and people in buildings. Examples of pedestrian conveyances are skateboard riders,
people in wheelchairs, people on roller skates, and sled riders.
Prior to 2005, code “08” was labeled “Other Pedestrians” and also included occupants of motor
vehicles used as equipment (working highway maintenance vehicles, cherry pickers, etc.). For
occupants of working motor vehicles, see code “03.”
Prior to 2007, code “08” included persons in buildings. For persons in buildings, see code “10 –
Persons In/On Buildings.”
“Unknown person type” existed in data years 1995 and 1996 only. It was found that this attribute did
not add any value to the data element.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  482
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Restraint System/Helmet Use
Data Year and Code
FARS Description
1975-1990
1991-1993
1994-2007
(MAN_REST)
None used
(vehicle occupant)
or Not applicable
(non-occupant)
Not Applicable –
no restraint
available in seat
position of occupant
(ex. sleeper cab or
exterior)
None Used –
vehicle occupant
2008-2009
2010-2012
2013-Later
(REST_USE)
0
0
00
00
-
-
-
-
-
-
00
00
Not Used
-
-
-
-
07
07
(5, 16, 19)
and
*REST_MIS
=1
17
Helmets used
improperly
-
-
15
15
No helmet
-
-
-
-
(5, 16)
and
*REST_MIS
=1
17
Shoulder belt
1
1
01
01
01
01
Lap belt
Lap and
shoulder belt
Child safety seat
Child Safety/
Booster Seat –
Type Unknown/
Not Reported
Child Safety Seat –
Forward Facing
Child Safety Seat –
Rear Facing
Booster Seat (with
lap/shoulder belt
used properly)
Motorcycle helmet
2
2
02
02
02
02
3
3
03
03
03
03
4
4
04
-
-
-
-
-
-
04
04
04
-
-
-
10
10
10
-
-
-
11
11
11
-
-
-
12
12
12
5
5
05
05
05 and
*REST_MIS
=0
05 and
*REST_MIS
=0
(16, 19)
and
*REST_MIS
=0
Used
DOT-Compliant
motorcycle helmet
16 and
*REST_MIS
=0
Other Helmet
Restraint used type unknown or
other including
other helmet
Classification
8
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
8
08
08
08
08
Appendices  483
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Restraint System/Helmet Use
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
(continued)
Data Year and Code
FARS Description
1975-1990
1991-1993
1994-2007
(MAN_REST)
Safety belt used
improperly
Child safety
seat/booster seat
used improperly
Bicycle Helmet
Other
Unknown if used
Unknown if helmet
worn
Not Reported
2008-2009
2010-2012
2013-Later
Classification
(REST_USE)
-
13
13
-
-
-
14
14
-
-
-
06
06
-
-
-
-
-
97
97
99
99
99
99
9
9
29
98
Unknown
98
*Improperly used helmets are classified as “Not Used.” In 2010, the Restraint/Helmet Mis-Use (REST_MIS) data
element was introduced and “Improperly Used” attributes were removed from the Restraint Use (REST_USE) data
element.
Historically, child safety seat used improperly was classified as ”Not Used” in FARS. In June of 2003, this attribute
was re-classified as USED. All other improperly used restraint systems were placed in categories as appropriate.
The majority of restraint usage analysis focuses on 1) child safety seat or belt use for passenger vehicle occupants
or; 2) helmet use for motorcyclists. Be sure to include the appropriate body types in your selection criteria - see the
section on Vehicle (Body Type) Classification.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  484
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix B:
Additional Data Element Information
Seating Position
Starting in 2003 Person Level Forms are submitted for uninjured occupants of van-based buses.
1982-Later
Seating Position
* For van-based buses, use the actual seating position if known, or use data element 51 for the
second, third, and fourth rows, if actual seating position is not known.
Return
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  485
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
The tables below show each year a change was made to a data element. Elements are shown
within the data set in which they can be found. Elements that appear in more than one data set
are shown within the primary data set to which they belong. For example, MOD_YEAR is a
Vehicle level element (V12. Vehicle Model Year) and primarily belongs to the Vehicle data set
but it is also provided in the Person data file as a courtesy. Therefore, changes to this data
element can be found in the Vehicle table below.
This is a note for how to read the tables below:
The first row in which the letter “A” appears is the first year that data element was coded. If the
letter “A” appears through the column there have been no significant changes in the way in
which the data element has been coded. If the letter “B” appears in a column, there has been a
significant change in the way the data element has been coded. The first row, which contains
the letter “B,” indicates which year the first change was made. The letter “C” indicates the year
the second change was made, and so on.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  486
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
ALIGNMNT
ARR_HOUR
ARR_MIN
C_M_ZONE
CF1,
CF2,
CF3
CITY
CL_TWAY
COUNTY
DAY
DAY_WEEK
DRUNK_DR
FATALS
FED_AID
Accident Data Set
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
D
D
D
D
D
E
F
F
F
F
F
G
H
H
H
H
I
I
I
J
J
J
K
L
L
M
M
M
M
N
O
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  487
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
HOSP_MIN
HOUR
LAND_USE
LATTITUDE
LGT_COND
LONGITUD
MAN_COLL
MILEPT
MINUTE
MONTH
NHS
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
E
E
E
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
G
H
H
H
I
I
J
K
L
M
HOSP_HR
HARM_EV
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
HIT_RUN
Year
Accident Data Set (continued)
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
E
F
G
G
H
H
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
D
D
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  488
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
NO_LANES
NOT_HOUR
NOT_MIN
PAVE_TYP
PEDS
PERMVIT
PERNOMVIT
PERSONS
PROFILE
PVH_INVL
RAIL
REL_JUNC
RELJCT1
RELJCT2
Accident Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  489
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
REL_ROAD
ROAD_FLO
ROAD_FNC
ROUTE
SCH_BUS
SP_JUR
SP_LIMIT
ST_CASE
STATE
SUR_COND
T_CONT_F
TA_1_CL
TRA_CONT
TRAF_FLO
Accident Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
E
F
F
F
G
G
G
G
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
A
A
B
B
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
-
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  490
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
TWAY_FLO
TWAY_ID
TWAY_ID2
TYP_INT
VE_FORMS
VE_TOTAL
VEHICLES
WEATHER
WEATHER1,
WEATHER2
WRK_ZONE
YEAR
Accident Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
E
E
E
F
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
A
B
B
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  491
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
-
-
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
DISPLACE
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
D
E
E
DEFORMED
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
E
F
F
F
G
DEATHS
-
D_VISION1,
D_VISION2,
D_VISION3
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
CYLINDER
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
E
F
F
F
G
H
H
H
I
I
J
K
K
K
K
L
L
M
N
O
P
CHAS_TR
CARBUR
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
CDL_STAT
BUS_USE
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
CARGO_BT
BODY_TYP
A
A
A
B
AXLES
-
AVOID
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
ACC_TYPE
Year
Vehicle Data Set
A
A
A
Appendices  492
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
DR_SF1 –
DR_SF4
DR_TRAIN
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
D
E
E
E
E
E
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
-
FIRST_YR
DR_PRES
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
D
D
FIRST_MO
DR_HGT
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
FIRE_EXP
DR_DRINK
A
S
S
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
I
J
K
-
EMER_USE
DR_CF4
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
F
F
F
G
H
H
H
I
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
P
Q
R
-
DR_ZIP
DR_CF1,
DR_CF2,
DR_CF3
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
DR_WGT
Year
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
Appendices  493
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
FLDCD_TR
FUELCODE
GWVR
HAZ_CARG
HAZ_CNO
HAZ_ID
HAZ_INV
HAZ_PLAC
HAZ_REL
HIT_RUN
IMPACT1
IMPACT2
IMPACTS
J_KNIFE
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
E
F
G
G
H
H
I
J
J
K
K
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
E
F
F
G
H
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
E
F
F
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
-
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
Appendices  494
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
L_COMPL
L_ENDORS
L_RESTRI
L_STATE
L_STATUS
L_TYPE
LAST_MO
LAST_YR
M_HARM
MAK_MOD
MAKE
MCARR_I1,
MCARR_I2
MCARR_ID
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
L_CL_VEH
Year
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
D
E
E
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
C
D
E
E
E
E
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
E
F
G
G
G
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
D
D
D
E
F
F
F
F
F
F
G
H
H
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
F
G
H
I
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
-
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  495
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
MCYCL_DS
MCYCL_TY
MCYCL_WT
MOD_YEAR
MODEL
NUMOCCS
OCUPANTS
OWNER
P_CRASH1
P_CRASH2
P_CRASH3
PCRASH4
PCRASH5
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
MCYCL_CY
Year
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
B
B
C
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  496
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
PREV_ACC
PREV_DWI
PREV_OTH
PREV_SPD
PREV_SUS
REG_STAT
ROLINLOC
ROLLOVER
SEQ1, SEQ2,
SEQ3, SEQ4,
SEQ5, SEQ6
SER_TR
SPEC_USE
SPEEDREL
TIRE_SZE
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
D
D
E
E
E
E
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
B
B
B
C
C
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
D
E
A
A
B
B
C
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  497
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
TOWED
TRAV_SP
TRK_WT
UNDERIDE
UNITTYPE
V_CONFIG
VALIGN
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
B
B
C
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
E
E
E
F
A
A
A
B
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
VEH_SC1,
VEH_SC2
TOWAWAY
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
E
VEH_NO
TOW_VEH
A
A
A
VEH_MAN
TON_RAT
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
VEH_CF1,
VEH_CF2
Year
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
D
E
F
G
H
H
I
J
J
K
L
M
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
Appendices  498
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
VIN
VIN_1 –
VIN_10
VIN_11 –
VIN_12
VIN_BT
VIN_LNGT
VIN_REST
VIN_WGT
VINA_MOD
VINMAKE
VINMODYR
VINTYPE
VIOL_CHG
VIOLCHG1
VIOLCHG2
VIOLCHG3
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
D
D
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  499
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
VNUM_LAN
VPAVETYP
VPROFILE
VSPD_LIM
VSURCOND
VTCONT_F
VTRAFCON
VTRAFWAY
WGTCD_TR
WHLBS_LG
WHLBS_SH
WHLDRWHL
Vehicle Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
A
B
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  500
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
ACL_RES
ACL_STATUS
AIR_BAG
ALC_DET
ATST_TYP
AUT_REST
CERT_NO
DEATH_DA
DEATH_HR
DEATH_MN
DEATH_MO
DEATH_TM
DEATH_YR
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
AGE
Year
Person Data Set
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
D
E
E
E
E
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
D
D
E
F
F
F
F
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
C
C
D
D
D
E
F
F
F
F
A
A
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  501
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
DOA
DRINKING
DRUG_DET
DRUG_RES
DRUGRES1,
DRUGRES2,
DRUGRES3
DRUGS
DRUGTEST
DRUGTST1,
DRUGTST2,
DRUGTST3
DSTATUS
EJ_PATH
EJECTION
EXTRICAT
HISPANIC
HOSPITAL
INJ_SEV
Person Data Set (continued)
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
E
E
E
E
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
C
C
D
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  502
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
LOCATION
MAN_REST
N_MOT_NO
P_CF1,
P_CF2,
P_CF3
PER_NO
PER_TYP
RACE
REST_MIS
REST_USE
SEAT_POS
SEX
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
-
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
E
E
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
K
L
M
M
N
O
O
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
E
F
F
F
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
D
D
E
E
E
F
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
E
F
F
F
F
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
WORK_INJ
LAG_MINS
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
TOXCLGY
LAG_HRS
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
TEST_RES
Year
Person Data Set (continued)
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Appendices  503
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
AVOID
AXLES
BODY_TYP
BUS_USE
CARGO_BT
CDL_STAT
D_VISION1,
D_VISION2,
D_VISION3
DEATHS
DEFORMED
DR_CF1,
DR_CF2,
DR_CF3
DR_CF4
DR_DRINK
DR_HGT
DR_PRES
Vehnit Data Set
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
B
B
C
D
A
B
B
C
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
C
Year
DR_WGT
DR_ZIP
EMER_USE
FIRE_EXP
FIRST_MO
FIRST_YR
FLDCD_TR
GWVR
HAZ_CARG
HAZ_CNO
HAZ_ID
HAZ_INV
HAZ_PLAC
HAZ_REL
HIT_RUN
Vehnit Data Set (continued)
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
Year
IMPACT1
IMPACT2
IMPACTS
J_KNIFE
L_COMPL
L_ENDORS
L_RESTRI
L_STATE
L_STATUS
L_TYPE
LAST_MO
LAST_YR
M_HARM
MAK_MOD
MAKE
Vehnit Data Set (continued)
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  504
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
MAN_COLL
MCARR_I1,
MCARR_I2
MCARR_ID
MCYCL_DS
MOD_YEAR
MODEL
NUMOCCS
OCUPANTS
OWNER
PREV_ACC
PREV_DWI
PREV_OTH
PREV_SPD
PREV_SUS
REG_STAT
Vehnit Data Set (continued)
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
Year
ROLINLOC
ROLLOVER
SEQ1, SEQ2,
SEQ3, SEQ4,
SEQ5, SEQ6
SER_TR
SPEC_USE
SPEEDREL
TOW_VEH
TOWAWAY
TOWED
TRAV_SP
UNDERIDE
UNITTYPE
V_CONFIG
VEH_CF1,
VEH_CF2
Vehnit Data Set (continued)
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
-
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
B
B
B
A
A
B
C
D
Year
VEH_MAN
VEH_NO
VIN
VIN_1 –
VIN_12
VIN_BT
VIN_LNGT
VIN_WGT
VINA_MOD
VIOLCHG1
VIOLCHG2
VIOLCHG3
WGTCD_TR
WHLBS_LG
WHLBS_SH
Vehnit Data Set (continued)
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  505
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
PBODYTYP
PBUS_USE
PCARGTYP
PMINUTE
PCARBUR
PCYLINDER
PDAY
PDEATHS
PDISPLACE
PEM_USE
PFIRE
PFUECODE
PGVWR
PHARM_EV
PHOUR
Parkwork Data Set
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
B
C
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
A
A
A
A
Year
PHAZ_CNO
PHAZ_ID
PHAZ_INV
PHAZ_REL
PHAZPLAC
PHIT_RUN
PIMPACT1
PIMPACT2
PM_HARM
PMAKE
PMAK_MOD
PMAN_COLL
PMCARR_I1,
PMCARR_I2
PMCARR_ID
PMCYCL_DS
Parkwork Data Set (continued)
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
B
C
A
A
-
A
B
C
D
A
B
C
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Year
PMCYCL_CY
PMCYCL_WT
PMINUTE
PMODEL
PMODYEAR
PMONTH
PNUMOCCS
POWNER
PREG_STAT
PSER_TR
PSP_USE
PTIRE_SZE
PTOWED
PTON_RAT
PTRAILER
Parkwork Data Set (continued)
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  506
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
PTRK_WT
PTRKWTVAR
PUNDERIDE
PTTYPE
PV_CONFIG
PVE_FORMS
PVEH_SEV
PVEH_SC1,
PVEH_SC2
PVIN
PVINA_MOD
PVIN_1 –
PVIN_12
PVIN_BT
PVIN_LNGT
PVIN_REST
PVINMAKE
Parkwork Data Set (continued)
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Year
PVINMODYR
PVINTYPE
PVIN_WGT
PWGTCD_TR
PWHLBS_LG
PWHLBS_SH
PWHLDRWHL
Parkwork Data Set (continued)
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  507
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
AOI1
SOE
VNUMBER2
AOI2
Year
VNUMBER1
AOI1
SOE
VNUMBER2
AOI2
Year
VNUMBER1
AOI1
Vsoe Data Set
VNUMBER1
Vevent Data Set
Year
Cevent Data Set
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  508
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix C:
Changes in FARS Data Elements by SAS Data File and Year
Year
MFACTOR
Year
MDRMANAV
Year
MVIOLATN
Violatn
Data Set
DRIMPAIR
Maneuver
Data Set
Year
Factor
Data Set
MDRDSTRD
Drimpair
Data Set
Year
Distract
Data Set
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
B
B
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
B
B
B
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
Year
NMIMPAIR
Year
MPR_ACT
Year
MSAFEQMT
Safetyeq
Data Set
MTM_CRSH
Nmprior
Data Set
Year
Nmimpair
Data Set
MVISIOBSC
Nmcrash
Data Set
Year
Vision
Data Set
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
2010
2011
2012
2013
A
A
A
A
Year
MDAREAS
Damage
Data Set
2012
2013
A
A
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  509
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
2010 FARS/NASS GES Standardization
The purpose of this document is to inform users of NHTSA’s Fatality Analysis Reporting System
(FARS) and National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System (NASS GES)
data about some of the more significant changes to the 2010 data as a result of the
standardization of the data elements between the two systems. In addition to the changes
outlined below, a listing of all specific data element changes can be found in the following table:
Variables with Changes in Definitions and Attributes
The FARS/NASS GES Standardization began in 2006, with the second phase being
implemented in the 2010 data collection year. The definition and element attribute changes
introduced in 2010 are the most substantive and most numerous changes in one year in the
reconciliation of the FARS and NASS GES data systems. In the 2011 data collection year – the
third and final planned phase of the FARS/NASS GES Standardization – nearly all remaining
data element attribute and file structure differences will be addressed. As a single, unified data
entry system, FARS/NASS GES will be compatible with the Model Minimum Uniform Crash
Criteria (MMUCC), the guideline used by nearly all States to develop and revise their crash
forms and databases. Once complete, the FARS/NASS GES Standardization will simplify crash
data coding and analysis as well as reduce costs and errors.
Probably the most notable changes were the introduction of precrash information in FARS
(already collected in NASS GES) and a change to case structure or how the groups of related
data elements are organized. For example, in 2009 a FARS case consisted of Crash, Vehicle,
Driver and Person coding forms. In 2010, the Person level form was split into Motor Vehicle
Occupant and Non-Motor Vehicle Occupant forms, and the Precrash form was added (new to
FARS, though not to NASS GES).
These structure changes also include changes to how the data are now stored and made
available. For example, for FARS, there are now 16 data tables rather than 4. This results from
the changes in the number of coding forms and from changes in specific data elements.
Several data elements that used to allow only a specified number of responses now have a
“select-all-that-apply” format. There is a separate data table for each of these data elements.
At the Crash level, a Crash Events Table was added to FARS (and modified in NASS GES). In
NASS GES, Non-Harmful Events were added to the Crash Events Table.
The precrash information represents not only a new coding form, but more importantly, largely a
new concept for FARS, attempting to collect data about the conditions, events and driver
actions that preceded and may have contributed to the crash. Precrash data is intended to
improve crash avoidance research and has been included in NASS GES since 1992.
The new FARS Precrash form information consists of 23 data elements, 9 of which were
previously coded at the Crash level, 3 each at the Vehicle and Driver levels, and 8 new
elements. Nine trafficway descriptor data elements were moved from the crash level to the new
precrash level. These elements provide details about the characteristics of the trafficway
selected for each vehicle.
A Pedestrian/Bicycle crash typing software application was added to the Non-Motor Vehicle
Occupant form for both systems to help identify the precrash actions for parties involved in
certain non-motorist-related crashes. (Please see Appendix E: Pedestrian and Bicyclist Data
Availability Change for updates.)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  510
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Type of Intersection was added to both systems. Bus Use and Vehicle Configuration were two
Vehicle level elements that are new to NASS GES in 2010 and modified for FARS (element
attributes were consolidated and redefined). Condition at Time of Crash was added at the
Driver and the Non-Motor Vehicle Occupant levels for both systems. For motor vehicle
occupants, there is now an Indication of Misuse of Restraint System or Helmet Use in both
systems.
Some of the information that had been collected under FARS Related Factors was redistributed
to new data elements. For example, some Person Related Factors have been removed and are
now captured in two new Non-Motor Vehicle Occupant elements; Non-Motorist
Action/Circumstances Prior to Crash and Non-Motorist Action/Circumstances at Time of Crash.
Some Vehicle Related Factors are now captured under the new Precrash elements,
Contributing Circumstances, Motor Vehicle and Driver Distracted By. The Driver Level element,
Violations Charged, is now a “Select-all-That-Apply” element.
Multiple data elements that are part of the Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria (MMUCC)
had the attribute “Not Reported” added in 2010 to account for information missing from the case
source materials.
To ensure that data quality was not compromised as a result of the standardization, NHTSA
refined and enhanced its quality control processes. These enhancements enable the
identification of coding discrepancies and development of training tailored to eliminate or reduce
these discrepancies.
The final phase of the FARS/NASS GES standardization will occur during the 2011 data
collection year, at which point FARS and NASS GES, while remaining separate data systems,
will share a single data entry system and uniform set of data elements.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  511
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New in 2010 FARS
There were many changes to the 2010 FARS, most of which are the result of NHTSA’s efforts to
standardize variables in FARS and the National Automotive Sampling System’s (NASS)
General Estimates System (GES). Additions, deletions, and changes are listed below.
2010 Data Elements with Changes in Definitions and Attributes
Below is a list of FARS data elements that had substantial changes for 2010.
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
C6
County
X
X
 Added new attribute 998 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
C7
City
X
X
 Added new attribute 9898 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
C8
Crash Date
X
X
 Added GES element information.
 Added new GES Special Instructions.
 UPDATE - Deleted attribute 98 - Not
Reported for both Month and Day
C9
Crash Time
X
X
 Added GES element information.
 Added new GES Special Instructions.
 UPDATE - Deleted attribute 9998 - Not
Reported.
C13
Trafficway
Identifier
X
 Updated remarks section.
 Added new GES Special Instructions.
C14
Milepoint
X
X
 Added new attribute 99998 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
C15
Global Position
X
X
 Added new attribute 7s – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
C17
Crash Events
X
X




FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
Filled in by MDE.
Added new attributes.
Added new remarks.
GES and FARS Special Instruction
Sections.
Appendices  512
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
First Harmful
Event
X
X
 Added new attributes: 58 – Ground, 59
– Traffic Sign Support and 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated attributes 01 –
Rollover/Overturn, 09 – Pedalcyclist,
10 – Railway Train Vehicle, 12 – Motor
Vehicle In-Transport On Same
Roadway,14 – Parked Motor Vehicle or
Motor Vehicle Stopped Off Roadway,
51 – Jackknife (harmful to this
vehicle), 45 – Working Motor Vehicle
(Construction, Maintenance or Utility
Vehicle), 21 – Bridge Pier or Abutment
Support, 23 – Bridge Rail (Includes
Parapet), 30 – Utility Pole/Light
Support, 35 – Embankment- Earth, 42
– Tree (Standing Tree Only),46 – Traffic
Signal Support/Signal, 72 –
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (harmful
to this vehicle).
 Deleted attributes: 13 – Motor Vehicle
In-Transport on Different Roadway,
22 – Bridge Parapet End, 27 –
Highway/Traffic Sign Post/Sign, 28 –
Overhead Sign Support/Sign, 29 –
Luminaire/Light Support, 36 –
Embankment –Rock, Stone, or
Concrete, 37 – Embankment –
Material Type Unknown, 47 – Vehicle
Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own
Vehicle.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Manner of
Collision
X
X
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated attributes: 00 – Not a Collision
with a Motor Vehicle In-Transport, 01 –
Front-to-Rear (includes Rear-End), 02
– Front-to-Front (includes Head-On),
06 – Front-to-Side/Angle – Direction
Not Specified, 11 – Other (End-Swipes
and Others)*.
 Deleted attributes: 03 – Front-to-Side,
Same Direction, 04 – Front-to-Side,
Opposite Direction, 05 – Front-toSide, Right Angle (includes
Broadside).
 Updated/Added new remarks.
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
Old C17
New C18
Old C18
New C19
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COMMENTS
Appendices  513
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
Relation to
Junction
X
X
 Divided element into two data entries (a)
Within Interchange Area and (b)
Specific Location.
 Format change from 1 numeric, to 2
numeric and 1 numeric one time.
 Added new attributes: 16 – Shared-Use
Path or Trail, 17 – Acceleration/
Deceleration Lane, 18 – Through
Roadway, 98 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: 15 19 – Unknown,
Interchange Area Other Location With
Interchange Area, 09 – Unknown , NonInterchange.
 Deleted attributes: 10 – Intersection,
11 – Intersection Related, 12 –
Driveway Access, 13 – Entrance/Exit
Ramp Related, 14 – CrossoverRelated.
 Updated/Added new Remarks.
New C21
Type of
Intersection
X
X
 Added new element.
 Added new attributes: 1 – Not an
Intersection, 2 – Four-Way
Intersection, 3 – T-Intersection, 4 – YIntersection, 5 – Traffic Circle, 6 –
Roundabout,
7 – Five Point, or
More, 8 – Not Reported, 9 – Unknown.
 Added new remarks and diagram.
Old C20
New C22
Relation to
Trafficway
X
X
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated attributes: 02 – On Shoulder,
03 – On Median, 04 – On Roadside,
05 – Outside Trafficway/Outside Rightof-Way, 11 – Two-way Continuous LeftTurn Lane.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Old C28
New C23
Work Zone
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
Old C31
New C24
Light Condition
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
Old C19
New C20
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
Appendices  514
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
Atmospheric
Conditions
X
X
 Format change from 1 numeric to 2
numeric.
 Added new attributes: 10 – Cloudy, 11
– Blowing Snow, 98 – Not Reported
 Updated attributes: 00 – No Additional
Atmospheric Conditions, 01 –
Clear/Cloudy (No Adverse
Conditions), 02 – Rain, 03 – Sleet, Hail
(Freezing Rain or Drizzle), 04 – Snow
or Blowing Snow, 05 – Fog, Smog,
Smoke, 06 – Severe Crosswinds, 07 –
Blowing Sand, Soil, Dirt, 08 – Other, 99
– Unknown.
 Added new remarks.
Old C33
New C26
School Bus
Related
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
 Added ANSI Definition for bus.
V3
Vehicle Number
X
X
 Deleted attribute 000 – Persons Not in
Motor Vehicles.
 Updated remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
V4
Number of
Occupants
X
X
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
Old V37
New V6
Hit-and-Run
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Old V8
New V9
Vehicle Make
X
X
 Added new attributes: 78 – Other Make
Moped, 79 – Other Make Motored
Cycle, 97 – Not Reported
 Update/Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
Old V9
New V10
Vehicle Model
X
X
 Added new attribute 997 – Not
Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
Old C32
New C25
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
Appendices  515
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
Old V10
New V11
Body Type
X
X
 Added new attributes: 17 – 3-door
coupe, 98 – Not Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Old V11
New V12
Model Year
X
X
 Added new attribute 9998 – Not
Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Old V12
New V13
Vehicle
Identification
Number
X
X
 Added new attribute
88888888888888888 – Not Reported
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Old V27
New V16
Motor Carrier
Identification
Number
X
X
 Added new attribute to Issuing Authority
and Identification Number: 77 – Not
Reported, 777777777 – Not Reported
 Updated/Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
Old V30
New V17
GVWR/GCWR
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
Old V28
New V18
Vehicle
Configuration
X
X
 Added new attributes: 10 – Vehicle
10,000 pounds or less placarded for
Hazardous Materials, 98 – Not
Reported.
 Deleted attributes: 03 – Single-Unit
Truck (unknown number of axles,
tires), 70 – Light Truck (van, minivan,
panel, pickup, sport utility vehicle
displaying a hazardous materials
placard), 80 – Passenger Car (only
when displaying a hazardous
materials placards).
 Updated attributes: 00 – Not Applicable,
not a medium/heavy truck, bus or
vehicle displaying a hazardous
material placard, 01 – Single-Unit
Truck (two axles, 6 tires & GVWR of
more than 10,000 pounds), 04 – Truck
Pulling Trailer(s), 06 – Tractor/SemiTrailer (one trailer), 07 – Truck
Tractor/Doubles (two trailers), 08 –
Truck Tractor/Triples (three trailers),
19 – Medium/Heavy Truck more than
10,000 lbs, cannot classify, 20 – Bus
(seats for 9-15 people occupants,
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
Appendices  516
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
including driver), 21 – Bus (seats for 16
or more than 15 people occupants,
including driver), 99 – Unknown If Light
or Medium/Heavy Truck/Bus.
 Added new remarks.
Old V31
New V19
Cargo Body
Type
X
X
 Added new attribute 28 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
Old V13
New V21
Bus Use
X
X
 Format change from 1 numeric to 2
numeric.
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Deleted attributes: 01 – Not Used as a
Bus, 02 – Used as a Private School
Bus, 03 – Used as a School Bus,
Public or Private Unknown
 Updated attributes: 00 – Not Used as a
Bus, 01 – Used as a Public School
Bus, 04 – Used as Scheduled Service
Bus Intercity, 05 – Used as a Tour
Bus Charter/Tour, 06 – Used as a
Commuter Bus Transit/Commuter, 07
– Used as a Shuttle Bus, 99 –
Unknown Bus Use
 Added new remarks
Old V14
New V22
Special Use
X
X
 Format change from 1 numeric to 2
numeric.
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks
Old V15
New V23
Emergency Use
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks
Old V16
New V24
Travel Speed
X
X
 Added new attribute 998 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
V17
Vehicle
Maneuver
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
 Deleted Element
Appendices  517
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
V18
Crash Avoidance
Maneuver
 Deleted Element
V28
Vehicle Role
 Deleted Element
Old V22
New V28
Impact Points Initial/ Principal
changed to
Areas of
Impact – Initial
Damaged /Most
Damaged
X
X
 Added new attributes: 61 – Left, 62 –
Left-Front Half, 63 – Left-Back Half,
81 – Right, 82 – Right-Front Half, 83 –
Right-Back Half, 98 – Not Reported.
 Updated attribute 18 – This Vehicle Set
Something in Motion Causing Injury
or Damage (Not a Clock Point) Set-InMotion (Not a Clock Point).
 Added new remarks and examples.
 Added new diagram.
Old V25
New V29
Extent of
Damage
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
Old V26
New V30
Vehicle Removal
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
Old V33
New V31
Sequence of
Events
X
X
 Added new attributes: 58 – Ground, 59
– Traffic Sign Support, 68 – Cross
Centerline, 69 – Re-entering Highway,
70 – Jackknife (non-harmful), 72 –
Cargo/Equipment (harmful to this
vehicle), 98 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: 01 Overturn/Rollover Rollover/Overturn,
02 – Fire/Explosion (Always code if
present), 06 – Injured in Vehicle (NonCollision), 09 – Pedal Cycle
Pedalcyclist, 10 – Railway Train
Vehicle, 12 – Motor Vehicle InTransport on Same Roadway, 14 –
Parked Motor Vehicle or Motor Vehicle
Stopped Off Roadway, 21 – Bridge
Pier or Abutment Support, 23 – Bridge
Rail (Includes Parapet), 30 – Utility
Pole/Light Support, 35 – Embankment
– Earth, 42 – Tree (Standing Tree
Only), 44 - Pavement Surface
Irregularity (Pothole, Grooved, Grates)
(Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.), 45 –
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
Appendices  518
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Working Motor Vehicle (Construction,
Maintenance or Utility Vehicle), 51 –
Jackknife (harmful to this vehicle), 46
– Traffic Signal Support/Signal, 60 –
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift (nonharmful), 65 – Cross
Median/Centerline.
 Deleted attributes: 13 – Motor Vehicle
In-Transport on Different Roadway,
22 – Bridge Parapet End, 27 –
Highway/Traffic Sign Post/Sign, 28 –
Overhead Sign Support/Sign, 29 –
Luminaire/Light Support, 36 –
Embankment –Rock, Stone, or
Concrete, 37 – Embankment –
Material Type Unknown, 47 – Vehicle
Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own
Vehicle.
 Added new remarks.
 Updated remarks and examples.
Old V34
New V32
Most Harmful
Event
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
X
X
 Added new attributes: 58 – Ground, 59
– Traffic Sign Support, 98 – Not
Reported
 Updated attributes: 01 Overturn/Rollover Rollover/Overturn,
02 – Fire/Explosion (Always code if
present), 06 – Injured in Vehicle (NonCollision), 09 – Pedal Cycle
Pedalcyclist, 10 – Railway Train
Vehicle, 12 – Motor Vehicle InTransport on Same Roadway, 14 –
Parked Motor Vehicle or Motor Vehicle
Stopped Off Roadway, 21 – Bridge
Pier or Abutment Support, 23 – Bridge
Rail (Includes Parapet), 30 – Utility
Pole/Light Support, 35 – Embankment
– Earth, 42 – Tree (Standing Tree
Only), 44 - Pavement Surface
Irregularity (Pothole, Grooved, Grates)
(Ruts, Potholes, Grates, etc.), 45 –
Working Motor Vehicle (Construction,
Maintenance or Utility Vehicle), 51 –
Jackknife (harmful to this vehicle, 46 –
Traffic Signal Support/Signal, 72 –
Cargo/Equipment Loss or Shift
(harmful), 65 – Cross
Median/Centerline.
 Deleted attributes: 13 – Motor Vehicle
Appendices  519
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
In-Transport on Different Roadway,
22 – Bridge Parapet End, 27 –
Highway/Traffic Sign Post/Sign, 28 –
Overhead Sign Support/Sign, 29 –
Luminaire/Light Support, 36 –
Embankment –Rock, Stone, or
Concrete, 37 – Embankment –
Material Type Unknown, 47 – Vehicle
Occupant Struck or Run Over by Own
Vehicle.
 Added new remarks.
 Deleted attributes: 01 – Tires, 02 –
Brake System, 03 – Steering System,
04 – Suspension, 05 – Power Train,
06 – Exhaust System, 07 –
Headlights, 08 – Signal Lights, 09 –
Other Lights, 10 – Horn, 11 – Mirrors,
12 – Wipers, 13 – Driver Seating and
Control, 14 – Body, Doors, Hood and
Other, 15 – Trailer Hitch, 16 – Wheels,
17 – Air Bag, 18 – Other Vehicle
Defects, 19 – Safety Belts.
Old V35
New V33
Related Factors
– Vehicle Level
X
D5
Driver’s License
State
X
X
 Added new attributes: 00 – No Driver
Present, 98 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
D6
Driver’s Zip
Code
X
X
 Added new attribute 99998 – No Driver
Present.
 Added new remarks.
 Added new GES Special Instructions.
D8
Commercial
Motor Vehicle
License Status
X
X
 Format change from 1 numeric to 2
numeric.
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated attribute – 99 – Unknown.
 Added new remarks.
D9
Compliance with
License
Endorsements
changed to
Compliance
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  520
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
with CDL
Endorsements
D10
License
Compliance with
Class of Vehicle
X
X
 Added new attribute 7 – Not Reported.
 Updated reference table.
 Added new remarks.
D11
Compliance with
License
Restrictions
X
X
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
D21
Violations
Charged
X
X
 Format change from 2 numeric, 3
times to select all that apply.
 Added new attribute 97 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
New D23
New
NM14
Condition
(Impairment) at
Time of Crash
X
X
 Add new element which is located on
two forms.
 Format – select all that apply.
 New attributes: 00 – None/Apparently
Normal, 01 – Ill, Blackout, 02 – Asleep
or Fatigued, 03 – Walking with a Cane
or Crutches, 04 – Paraplegic Or
Restricted To A Wheelchair, 05 –
Impaired Due To Previous Injury, 06 –
Deaf, 07 – Blind, 08 – Emotional
(depressed, angry, disturbed, etc.),
09 – Under the Influence of Alcohol,
Drugs or Medication, 10 – Physical
Impairment – No Details, 96 – Other
Physical Impairment, 98 – Not
Reported, 99 – Unknown If Physically
Impaired.
 New remarks.
D24
Related Factors
– Driver Level
X
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
 Deleted attributes: 01 – Drowsy,
Sleepy, Asleep Fatigued, 02 – Ill,
Passed Out/Blackout, 03 – Emotional
(e.g., Depression, Angry, Disturbed),
05 – Under the Influence of Alcohol,
Drugs or Medication, 07 – Restricted
to Wheelchair, 06 – Operating the
Vehicle in Careless or Inattentive
Thought In, 09 – Impaired Due to
Previous Injury, 11 – Other Physical
Appendices  521
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Impairment, 93 – Cellular Telephone
Present in Vehicle, 94 – Cellular
Telephone in Use in Vehicle, 95 –
Computer/Fax Machines/Printers, 96
– Onboard Navigation System, 97 –
Two-way Radio, 98 – Head-up
Display.
New PC4
Contributing
Circumstances,
Motor Vehicle
X
X
 Added new element.
 Format – 2 digits
 Added new attributes: 00 – None, 01 –
Tires, 02 – Brake System, 03 –
Steering, 04 – Suspension, 05 –
Power Train, 06 – Exhaust System, 07
– Head Lights, 08 – Signal Lights, 09
– Other Lights, 10 – Wipers, 11 –
Wheels, 12 – Mirrors, 13 –
Windows/Windshield, 14 – Body,
Doors, 15 – Truck Coupling / Trailer
Hitch / Safety Chains, 16 – Safety
Systems, 17 – Vehicle Contributing
Factors – No Details, 97 – Other, 98 –
Not Reported, 99 – Unknown.
 Added new remarks.
Old C21
New PC5
Trafficway Flow
change to
Trafficway
Description
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attributes: 0 – NonTrafficway Area, 8 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: 1 – Not Physically
Divided (Two-Way, Trafficway Not
Divided), 5 – Not Physically Divided
(With Two-Way, Not Divided with a
Continuous Left-Turn Lane), 2 –
Divided Highway, Median Strip
(Without Traffic Barrier) Two-Way,
Divided, Unprotected (Painted > 4
Feet) Median, 3 – Divided Highway,
Median Strip (With Traffic Barrier)
Two-Way, Divided, Positive Median
Barrier.
 Added new remarks.
Old C22
New PC6
Number of
Travel Lanes
changed to
Total Lanes in
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attributes: 0 – NonTrafficway Area, 8 – Not Reported.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  522
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
 Added new remarks.
Roadway
Old C23
New PC7
Speed Limit
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated remark 00 – No Statutory
Limit/Non-Trafficway Area.
 Added new remarks.
Old C24
New PC8
Roadway
Alignment
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attributes: 0 – NonTrafficway Area, 3 – Curve Left, 4 –
Curve – Unknown Direction, 8 – Not
Reported.
 Updated attribute 2 – Curve Right.
Old C25
New PC9
Roadway Profile
changed to
Roadway Grade
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attributes: 0 – NonTrafficway Area, 5 – Uphill, 6 –
Downhill, 8 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: 2 – Grade,
Unknown Slope, 4 – Sag (Bottom).
 Added new remarks.
 Added new diagram.
Old C26
New
PC10
Roadway
Surface Type
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attributes: 0 – NonTrafficway Area, 8 – Not Reported.
 Updated attribute 7 8 – Other.
 Added new remarks.
Old C27
New PC11
Roadway
Surface
Conditions
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Format change from 1 numeric to 2
numeric.
 Added new attributes: 00 – NonTrafficway Area, 10 – Slush, 11 –
Mud, Dirt or Gravel, 98 – Not
Reported.
 Updated attributes: 03 – Snow or
Slush, 05 – Sand, Dirt, Mud, Gravel,
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  523
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
99 – Unknown.
 Added new remarks.
Old C29
New PC12
Traffic Control
Device
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attributes: 32 – School
Zone Sign/Device, 65 – Railway
Crossing Device, 97 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: 29 – Unknown
Type Regulatory Sign, 50 – Officer,
crossing guard, flagman, etc. Person.
 Deleted attributes: 05 – Flashing
beacon, 06 – Flashing highway traffic
signal, type unknown or other than
traffic control or beacon, 30 – School
speed limit sign, 31 – School
advance or crossing sign, 38 – Other
school related sign, 39 – Unknown
type school zone sign, 41 – Electric
Warning Sign, 60 – Gates, 61 –
Flashing Lights, 62 – Traffic Control
Signal, 63 – Wigwags, 64 – Bells, 68 –
Other train activated device, 69 –
Active device, type unknown, 70 –
Cross bucks, 71 – Stop sign, 72 –
Other railroad crossing sign, 73 –
Special warning device - watchman,
flagged by crew, 78 – Other passive
device, 79 – Passive device, type
unknown, 80 – Grade crossing
controlled, type unknown.
 Added new remarks.
Old C30
New PC13
Traffic Control
Device
Functioning
changed to
Device
Functioning
X
X
 Element moved from Crash Level to
Precrash (Vehicle/Driver) Level.
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Attribute change to element values “00 Not Applicable-Occupant of a Motor
Vehicle In-Transport or Not InTransport (Including Motor Vehicle
Parked/Stopped Off
Roadway/Working/In Motion Outside
the Trafficway) to 000 - Not
Applicable-Occupant of a Motor
Vehicle In-Transport or Not InTransport (Including Motor Vehicle
Parked/Stopped Off
Roadway/Working/In Motion Outside
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Appendices  524
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
the Trafficway).
 Updated/Added new remarks.
New
PC14
Driver
Distracted By
X
X
 Moved from Driver level to Precrash
Level.
 Format change from 2 numeric to
select all that apply.
 Add new attribute 95 – No Driver
Present.
 Update/Added new remarks.
New PC15
Driver
Maneuvered to
Avoid
X
X
 Added new attributes: 00 – Driver Did
Not Maneuver To Avoid, 01 – Object,
02 – Poor Road Conditions (Puddle,
Ice, Pothole, etc.), 03 – Live Animal,
04 – Motor Vehicle, 05 – Pedestrian,
Pedalcyclist or Other Non-Motorist,
92 – Phantom/Non-contact Motor
Vehicle, 95 – No Driver Present, 98 –
Not Reported, 99 – Unknown.
 Format – select all that apply.
 Added new remarks.
New
PC16
Driver’s Vision
Obscured By
X
X
 Added new attributes: 00 – Not
Distracted, 01 – Looked But Did Not
See, 03 – By Other Occupant(s), 04 –
By Moving Object in Vehicle, 05 –
While Talking or Listening to Cellular
Phone, 06 – While Dialing Cellular
Phone, 07 – Adjusting Audio And/or
Climate Controls, 09 – While Using
Other Device/Controls Integral to
Vehicle, 10 – While Using or
Reaching For Device/Object Brought
Into Vehicle, 12 – Distracted by
Outside Person, Object or Event, 13 –
Eating or Drinking, 14 – Smoking
Related, 15 – Other Cellular Phone
Related, 16 – No Driver Present, 92 –
Distraction/ Inattention, Details
Unknown, 96 – Not Reported, 97 –
Inattentive or Lost in Thought, 98 –
Other Distraction, 99 – Unknown if
Distracted.
 Format – select all that apply.
 Added new remarks.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  525
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
Pre-Event
Movement
(Prior to
Recognition of
Critical Event)
X
X
 Added new attributes: 00 – No Driver
Present, 01 – Going Straight, 02 –
Decelerating in Traffic Lane, 03 –
Accelerating in Traffic Lane, 04 –
Starting in Traffic Lane, 05 – Stopped
in Traffic Lane, 06 – Passing or
Overtaking Another Vehicle, 07 –
Disabled or Parked in Travel Lane, 08
– Leaving a Parking Position, 09 –
Entering a Parking Position, 10 –
Turning Right, 11 – Turning Left, 12 –
Making a U-Turn, 13 – Backing Up
(other than for Parking Position ),
14 – Negotiating a Curve, 15 –
Changing Lanes, 16 – Merging, 17 –
Successful Avoidance to a Previous
Critical Event, 98 – Other (specify:),
99 – Unknown.
 Format – 2 numeric.
 Added new remarks.
New PC18
Critical Event –
Precrash
(Category)
X
X
 Added new attributes: 1 – This Vehicle
Loss of Control Due To:, 2 – This
Vehicle Traveling. 3 – Other Motor
Vehicle in Lane, 4 – Other Motor
Vehicle Encroaching into Lane, 5 –
Pedestrian or Pedalcyclist or Other
Non-Motorist, 6 – Object or Animal, 7
– Other (specify:), 9 – Unknown.
 Format – 1 numeric.
 Added new remarks.
New PC19
Critical Event –
Precrash
(Event)
X
X
 Added new attributes: 01 – This
Vehicle Loss Of Control Due To:
Blow out/flat tire, 02 – This Vehicle
Loss Of Control Due To: Stalled
Engine, 03 – This Vehicle Loss Of
Control Due To: Disabling vehicle
failure (e.g., wheel fell off) (specify:),
04 – This Vehicle Loss Of Control
Due To: Non-disabling vehicle
problem (e.g., hood flew
up)(specify:), 05 – This Vehicle Loss
Of Control Due To: Poor road
conditions (puddle, pothole, ice, etc.)
(specify:), 06 – This Vehicle Loss Of
Control Due To: Traveling too fast for
conditions, 08 – This Vehicle Loss Of
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
New
PC17
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
Appendices  526
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Control Due To: Other cause of
control loss (specify:), 09 – This
Vehicle Loss Of Control Due To:
Unknown cause of control loss, 10 –
This Vehicle Traveling: Over the lane
line on left side of travel lane, 11 –
This Vehicle Traveling: Over the lane
line on right side of travel lane, 12 –
This Vehicle Traveling: Off the edge
of the road on the left side, 13 – This
Vehicle Traveling: Off the edge of the
road on the right side, 14 – This
Vehicle Traveling: End departure, 15
– This Vehicle Traveling: Turning left
at intersection, 16 – This Vehicle
Traveling: Turning right at
intersection, 17 – This Vehicle
Traveling: Crossing over (passing
through) intersection, 18 – This
Vehicle Traveling: This vehicle
decelerating, 19 – This Vehicle
Traveling: Unknown travel direction,
50 – Other Motor Vehicle in Lane:
Other vehicle stopped, 51 – Other
Motor Vehicle in Lane: Traveling in
same direction with lower steady
speed, 52 – Other Motor Vehicle in
Lane: Traveling in same direction
while decelerating, 53 – Other Motor
Vehicle in Lane: Traveling in same
direction with higher speed, 54 –
Other Motor Vehicle in Lane:
Traveling in opposite direction, 55 –
Other Motor Vehicle in Lane: In
crossover, 56 – Other Motor Vehicle
in Lane: Backing, 59 – Other Motor
Vehicle in Lane: Unknown travel
direction of the other motor vehicle in
lane, 60 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
adjacent lane (same direction) over
left lane line, 61 – Other Motor
Vehicle Encroaching into Lane: From
adjacent lane (same direction) over
right lane line, 62 – Other Motor
Vehicle Encroaching into Lane: From
opposite direction over left lane line,
63 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
opposite direction over right lane
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Appendices  527
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
line, 64 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
parking lane, median, shoulder,
roadside, 65 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
crossing street, turning into same
direction, 66 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
crossing street, across path, 67 –
Other Motor Vehicle Encroaching into
Lane: From crossing street, turning
into opposite direction, 68 – Other
Motor Vehicle Encroaching into Lane:
From crossing street, intended path
not known, 70 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
driveway, turning into same
direction, 71 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
driveway, across path, 72 – Other
Motor Vehicle Encroaching into Lane:
From driveway, turning into opposite
direction, 73 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
driveway, intended path not known,
74 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane: From
entrance to limited access highway,
78 – Other Motor Vehicle
Encroaching into Lane:
Encroachment by other vehicle
details unknown, 80 – Pedestrian,
Pedalcyclist Or Other Non-Motorist:
Pedestrian in roadway, 81 –
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist Or Other
Non-Motorist: Pedestrian
approaching roadway, 82 –
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist Or Other
Non-Motorist: Pedestrian unknown
location, 83 – Pedestrian,
Pedalcyclist Or Other Non-Motorist:
Pedalcyclist or other non-motorist in
roadway (specify:), 84 – Pedestrian,
Pedalcyclist Or Other Non-Motorist:
Pedalcyclist or other non-motorist
approaching roadway (specify:), 85 –
Pedestrian, Pedalcyclist Or Other
Non-Motorist: Pedalcyclist or other
non-motorist unknown location
(specify:), 87 – Object or Animal:
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Appendices  528
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Animal in roadway, 88 – Object or
Animal: Animal approaching
roadway, 89 – Object or Animal:
Animal -unknown location, 90 –
Object or Animal: Object in roadway,
91 – Object or Animal: Object
approaching roadway, 92 – Object or
Animal: Object unknown location, 98
– Other critical precrash event
(specify:), 99 – Unknown.
 Format – 2 numeric.
 Added new remarks.
New PC20
Attempted
Avoidance
Maneuver
X
X
 Added new attributes: 00 – No Driver
Present, 01 – No Avoidance
Maneuver, 02 – Braking (no lockup),
03 – Braking (lockup), 04 – Braking
(lockup unknown), 05 – Releasing
brakes, 06 – Steering left, 07 –
Steering right, 08 – Braking and
steering left, 09 – Braking and
steering right, 10 – Accelerating, 11 –
Accelerating and steering left, 12 –
Accelerating and steering right, 98 –
Other Action (specify:), 99 –
Unknown.
 Format – 2 numeric.
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
New
PC21
Pre-Impact
Stability
X
X
 Added new attributes: 0 – No Driver
Present, 1 – Tracking, 2 – Skidding
longitudinally — rotation less than 30
degrees, 3 – Skidding laterally —
clockwise rotation, 4 – Skidding
laterally — counter-clockwise
rotation, 7 – Other vehicle loss-ofcontrol (specify:), 9 – Precrash
stability unknown.
 Format – 1 numeric.
 Added new remarks.
New PC22
Pre-Impact
Location
X
X
 New attributes: 0 – No Driver Present,
1 – Stayed in Original Travel Lane, 2 –
Stayed on Roadway, but Left Original
Travel Lane, 3 – Stayed on Roadway,
not Known if Left Original Travel
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  529
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Lane, 4 – Departed Roadway, 5 –
Remained off Roadway, 6 – Returned
to Roadway, 7 – Entered Roadway, 9
– Unknown.
 Format – 1 numeric.
 Added new remarks
Crash Type
X
P3
Vehicle Number
- Person Level
X
Old P6
New P5
and NM5
Age
X
X
 Element located on two forms.
 Added new attribute 998 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
Old P7
New P6
and NM6
Sex
X
X
 Element located on two forms.
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
Old P8
New P7
Person Type
X
X
 Element was split between Occupant
and Non-Motorist Person Level forms.
 Added attribute 88 – Not Reported.
 Attributes moved to Person Type NM7 04 – Occupant of a Non-Motor
Vehicle Transport Device, 05 –
Pedestrian, 06 – Bicyclist, 07 – Other
Bicyclist, 08 – Person on Personal
Conveyance,10 – Persons in/On
Buildings, 19 – Unknown Type of
Non-Motorist.
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
Old P22
New P8
and NM8
Injury Severity
X
X
 Element located on two forms.
 Added new attribute 8 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
X
 Added new attributes: 00 – No Impact,
Actual attribute 01-93, 98 – Other
Crash Type, 99 – Unknown.
 Format – 2 numeric.
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
New PC23
 Deleted attribute 000 – Not a Motor
Vehicle Occupant.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
Appendices  530
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
 Added GES Special Instructions.
P9
Seating Position
X
X
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Deleted attribute 00 – Not a Motor
Vehicle Occupant.
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
P10
Protection
System Use
changed to
Restraint
System/ Helmet
Use
X
X
 Added new attributes: 07 – None UsedMotor Vehicle Occupant, 16 – Other
Helmet, 17 – No Helmet, 97 – Other,
98 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: 00 – None
Used/Not Applicable – Not a Motor
Vehicle Occupant, 01 – Shoulder Belt
Only Used, 02 – Lap Belt Only Used,
03 – Lap and Shoulder Shoulder and
Lap Belt Used, 04 – Child Safety
Seat/Booster Restraint Type
Unknown/Not Reported, 05 – DOT
Compliant Motorcycle Helmet, 10 –
Child Safety Seat Restraint System –
Forward Facing, 11 – Child Safety Seat
Restraint System – Rear Facing, 12 –
Booster Seat (lap and shoulder belt
used properly).
 Deleted attributes: 06 – Bicycle
Helmet, 14 – Child Safety
Seat/Booster Seat Used Properly, 15
– Helmets Used Improperly.
 Added new remarks.
 Added FARS Special Instructions.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
New P11
Any Indication
of Mis-Use of
Restraint
System or
Helmet Use
X
X
 Added new element.
 Added new attributes: 0 – No, 1 – Yes.
 Added new remarks.
Old P11
New P12
Air Bag
Deployed
X
X
 Added new attribute 98 – Not
Reported.
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  531
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
Old P12
New P13
Ejection
X
X
 Added new attribute 7 – Not Reported.
 Added new remarks.
P18 and
NM17
Alcohol Test
X
X
 Element is now located on two forms.
 Added new attributes: Status: 8 – Not
Reported, Type: 95 – Not Reported,
Result: 95 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: Status: 9 –
Unknown if Tested / Not Reported,
Type: 99 – Unknown if Tested / Not
Reported, Result: 99 – Unknown if
Tested / Not Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
P21 and
NM20
Drug Test
X
X
 Element now located on two forms.
 Added new attributes: Status: 8 – Not
Reported, Type: 6 – Not Reported,
Result: 095 – Not Reported.
 Updated attributes: Status: 9 –
Unknown if Tested / Not Reported,
Type: 9 – Unknown if Tested / Not
Reported, Result: 999 – Unknown if
Tested / Not Reported.
 Updated/Added new remarks.
 Updated Drug Lists.
Old P23
New P22
and
NM21
Transported for
Treatment By
changed to
Transported to
Medical Facility
By
X
X
 Element located on two forms.
 Added new attributes: 5 – EMS
Ground, 6 – Other, 8 – Not Reported
 Updated attributes: 1 – Yes, EMS Air, 2
– Yes, Law Enforcement, 3 – Yes,
Other EMS Unknown Mode, 4 – Yes,
Transported by Unknown Source.
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
Old P27
New P26
Related Factors Person Level
changed to
Related Factors (Motor Vehicle
Occupant)
Person Level
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
COMMENTS
 Deleted attributes: 01 – Not Visible, 02
– Darting, Running or Stumbling Into
Roadway, 03 – Improper Crossing of
Roadway or Intersection, 04 Walking/Riding With or Against
Traffic, Playing, Working, Sitting,
Lying, Standing, etc., in Roadway, 06
– Ill, Passed Out/Blackout, 07 –
Emotional (e.g., Depression, Angry,
Disturbed), 10 – Inattentive, 11 –
Appendices  532
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Walking with Cane or Crutches, 12 –
Restricted to Wheelchair, 13 –
Motorized Wheelchair Rider, 14 –
Impaired Due to Previous Injury, 15 –
Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs
or Medication, 16 – Blind, 17 – Other
Physical Impairment, 19 – Pedestrian
Jogging, 23 – Failure to Dim Lights or
Have Lights on When Required, 24 –
Operating Without Required
Equipment, 27 – Improper or Erratic
Lane Changing, 30 – Making
Improper Entry to or Exit from
Trafficway, 34 – Passing on Wrong
Side, 35 – Passing with Insufficient
Distance or Inadequate Visibility or
Failing to Yield to Overtaking Vehicle,
36 – Operating the Vehicle in an
Erratic, Reckless, Careless or
Negligent Manner, 38 – Failure to
Yield the Right of Way, 39 – Failure to
Obey Actual Traffic Sign, 48 – Making
Other Improper Turn, 49 – Driving
Wrong Way on One Way Trafficway,
50 – Driving on Wrong Side of Road,
53 – Stopped in Roadway (Vehicle
Not Abandoned), 55 – Getting Off/Out
of or On/In to a Transport Vehicle, 79
– Live Animals in Road, 90 – NonMotorist Pushing a Vehicle.
 Added new remarks.
Old P5
New NM4
Non-Occupant
Striking Vehicle
Number
changed to
Number of
Motor Vehicle
Striking NonMotorist
X
X
 Element moved to Non-Motorist Person
Level form.
 Deleted attribute 000 - Not Applicable
– Occupant of a Motor Vehicle InTransport or Not In-Transport
(Including Parked/Stopped Off
Roadway/Working/In Motion Outside
In Trafficway).
 Added new remarks.
 Added GES Special Instructions.
NM7
Person Type
X
X
 Add new attribute: 88 – Not Reported.
 Moved attributes from P7 – Person
Type: 04 – Occupant of a Non-Motor
Vehicle Transport Device, 05 –
Pedestrian, 06 – Bicyclist, 07 – Other
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  533
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Cyclist, 08 – Person on Personal
Conveyance, 10 – Person In/On
Buildings, 88 – Not Reported, 19 –
Unknown Type of Non-Motorist.
 Added new remarks.
NM9
Pedestrian/
Bike Typing
Old P15
New
NM10
Non-Occupant
Location
changed to
Non-Motorist
Location at
Time of Crash
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
X
X
 Added new element.
 Format – Element entered in MDE
system.
 Remarks added by headquarters
 Element moved to Non-Motorist Person
Level form.
 Added attributes: 14 – Parking Lane
Zone, 20 – Shoulder/Roadside, 21 –
Sidewalk, 22 – Median/Crossing
Island, 23 – Driveway Access, 24 –
Shared-Use Path/Trail, 25 – NonTrafficway Area, 28 – Other, 98 – Not
Reported.
 Deleted attributes: 00 – No Applicable
– Occupant of a Motor Vehicle InTransport or Not In-Transport
(Including Motor Vehicles
Parked/Stopped Off
Roadway/Working/In Motion Outside
the Trafficway) and Injured Railway
Train Occupants, 04 – Intersection –
On Roadway, Crosswalk Availability
Unknown, 05 – Intersection – Not on
Roadway, 12 – Non-Intersection – On
Roadway, Crosswalk not Available,
15 – Non-Intersection – On Road
Shoulder, 17 – Non-Intersection –
Outside Trafficway, 18 – NonIntersection – Other, Not on
Roadway, 19 – Non-Intersection –
Unknown.
 Updated to attributes: 01 – Intersection
– In Marked Crosswalk, 02 –
Intersection – On Roadway, Not in
Unmarked Crosswalk, 03 – Intersection
– On Roadway, Not In Crosswalk not
Available, 09 – Intersection – Unknown
Location, 10 – Non-Intersection – In
Marked Crosswalk, 14 – NonIntersection – In Parking Lane/Zone,
16 – Non-Intersection – Bike Path*
Appendices  534
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Bicycle Lane, 99 – Unknown Location.
 Added new remarks.
New
NM11
Non-Motorist
Action/Circums
tances Prior to
Crash
X
X
 Added new element.
 Added attributes: 01 – Going To or
From School (K-12), 02 – Waiting to
Cross Roadway, 03 – Crossing
Roadway, 04 – Jogging/Running, 05 –
Movement Along Roadway with
Traffic (In or Adjacent to Travel
Lane), 06 – Movement Along
Roadway Against Traffic (In or
Adjacent to Travel Lane, 07 –
Movement on Sidewalk, 08 – In
Roadway – Other (Working, Playing,
Etc.), 09 – Adjacent to Roadway (e.g.,
Shoulder, Median), 10 – Working in
Trafficway (Incident Response), 11 –
Entering/Exiting a Vehicle, 12 –
Disabled Vehicle Related (Working
on, Pushing, Leaving/ Approaching),
14 – Other, 15 – None, 98 – Not
Reported, 99 – Unknown.
 Format: select all that apply.
 Added new remarks.
New
NM12
Non-Motorist
Action/Circums
tances at Time
of Crash
X
X
 Added new element.
 Added new attributes: 00 – No
Improper Action, 01 – Dart/Dash, 02 –
Failure to Yield Right-Of-Way, 3 –
Failure to Obey Traffic Signs, Signals
or Officer, 04 – In Roadway
Improperly (Standing, Lying,
Working, Playing), 05 – Entering/
Exiting a Vehicle, 06 – Inattentive
(Talking, Eating, Etc.), 07 – Improper
Turn/Merge, 08 – Improper Passing,
09 – Wrong-Way Riding or Walking,
10 – Driving on Wrong Side of Road,
12 – Improper Crossing of Roadway
or Intersection (Jaywalking), 13 –
Failing to Have Lights on When
Required, 14 – Operating Without
Required Equipment, 15 – Improper
or Erratic Lane Changing, 16 –
Failure to Keep in Proper Lane or
Running Off Road, 17 – Making
Improper Entry to or Exit from
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  535
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
Trafficway, 18 – Operating the
Vehicle in other Erratic, Reckless,
Careless or Negligent Manner, 19 –
Not Visible (Dark clothing, No
Lighting, etc.), 20 – Passing with
Insufficient Distance or Inadequate
Visibility or Failing to Yield to
Overtaking Vehicle, 21 – Other, 98 –
Not Reported, 99 – Unknown.
 Format: select all that apply.
 Added new remarks.
New
NM13
Non-Motorist
Safety
Equipment
X
X
 Added new element.
 Added new attributes: 0 – Not
Applicable, 1 – None Used, 2 –
Helmet, 4 – Protective Pads Used
(elbows, knees, shins, etc.), 3 –
Reflective Equipment/Clothing
(jacket, backpack, etc.), 5 – Lighting,
7 – Other Safety Equipment, 8 – Not
Reported, 9 – Unknown if Used.
 Format: select all that apply.
 Added new remarks.
New
NM25
Related Factors
– Person Level
(Not a Motor
Vehicle
Occupant)
X
X
 Added new element to form. Carry over
from Related Factors – Person Level.
 Deleted attributes: 01 – Not Visible, 02
– Darting, Running or Stumbling Into
Roadway, 03 – Improper Crossing of
Roadway or Intersection, 04 Walking/Riding With or Against
Traffic, 05 – Interfering With Driver,
06 – Ill, Passed Out/Blackout, 07 –
Emotional (e.g., Depression, Angry,
Disturbed), 10 – Inattentive, 11 –
Walking with Cane or Crutches, 12 –
Restricted to Wheelchair, 14 –
Impaired Due to Previous Injury, 15 –
Under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs
or Medication, 16 – Blind, 17 – Other
Physical Impairment, 19 – Pedestrian
Jogging, 23 – Failure to Dim Lights or
Have Lights on When Required, 24 –
Operating Without Required
Equipment, 27 – Improper or Erratic
Lane Changing, 28 – Failure to Keep
in Proper Lane, 29 – Illegal Driving on
Road Shoulder, in Ditch, on Sidewalk
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  536
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
ELEMENT
#
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
or on Median, 30 – Making Improper
Entry to or Exit from Trafficway, 32 –
Opening Vehicle Closure into Moving
Traffic or While Vehicle is in Motion,
33 – Passing Where Prohibited by
Posted Signs, Pavement Markings,
Hill or Curve, or School Bus
Displaying Warning Not to Pass Line,
34 – Passing on Wrong Side, 35 –
Passing with Insufficient Distance or
Inadequate Visibility or Failing to
Yield to Overtaking Vehicle, 36 –
Operating the Vehicle in an Erratic,
Reckless, Careless or Negligent
Manner, 38 – Failure to Yield the
Right of Way, 39 – Failure to Obey
Actual Traffic Sign, 44 – Driving Too
Fast for Conditions or in Excess of
Posted Maximum, 45 – Driving Less
Than Posted Minimum, 47 – Making
Right Turn from Left-Turn Lane, Left
Turn from Right-Turn Lane, 48 –
Making Other Improper Turn, 49 –
Driving Wrong Way on One Way
Trafficway, 50 – Driving on Wrong
Side of Road, 53 – Unfamiliar with
Roadway, 55 – Getting Off/Out of or
On/In to a Transport Vehicle, 59 –
Overcorrecting, 79 – Live Animals in
Road, 87 – Police or Law
Enforcement Officer, 88 – Seat Back
Not in Normal Upright Position, Seat
Back Reclined.
 Added new remarks.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  537
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New SAS Data Files in 2010
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
New 2010
SAS Names
Data Element Name
C17
N/A
Cevent.AOI1
Area of Impact (this)
C17
N/A
Cevent.AOI2
Area of Impact (other)
C17
N/A
Cevent.EVENTNUM
Event Number
C17
N/A
Cevent.SOE
Sequence of Event
N/A
Cevent.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Cevent.STATE
State Number
C17
N/A
Cevent.VNUMBER1
Vehicle Number (this)
C17
N/A
Cevent.VNUMBER2
Vehicle Number (other)
C17
N/A
Vevent.AOI1
Area of Impact (this)
C17
N/A
Vevent.AOI2
Area of Impact (other)
C17
N/A
Vevent.EVENTNUM
The number of the first event in the crash in which
this vehicle is involved (could be this vehicle or the
other vehicle in the SAS event data file).
C17
N/A
Vevent.SOE
Sequence of Event
N/A
Vevent.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Vevent.STATE
State Number
C17
N/A
Vevent.VNUMBER1
Vehicle Number (this)
C17
N/A
Vevent.VNUMBER2
Vehicle Number (other)
N/A
Vevent.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
N/A
Vevent.VEVENTNUM
The number of event sequentially ordered for each
vehicle.
N/A
Vsoe.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Vsoe.STATE
State Number
C17
N/A
Vsoe.SOE
Sequence of Event
C17
N/A
Vsoe.AOI
Area of Impact associated with the event
N/A
Vsoe.VEVENTNUM
The number of event sequentially ordered for each
vehicle.
N/A
Vsoe.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
New id data
element
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
New id data
element
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  538
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New 2010
SAS Names
Data Element Name
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
N/A
Parkwork.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number & Unit Type
V5
N/A
Parkwork.PTYPE
Unit Type
V9
N/A
Parkwork.PMAKE
Vehicle Make
V10
N/A
Parkwork.PMODEL
Vehicle Model
V11
N/A
Parkwork.PBODYTYP
Body Type
V12
N/A
Parkwork.PMODYEAR
Model Year
V13
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN
VIN
V7
N/A
Parkwork.PREG_STAT
Registration State
V22
N/A
Parkwork.PSP_USE
Special Use
V23
N/A
Parkwork.PEM_USE
Emergency use
V4
N/A
Parkwork.PNUMOCCS
Number of Occupants
V14
N/A
Parkwork.PTRAILER
Vehicle trailing
V34
N/A
Parkwork.PFIRE
Fire Occurrence
V29
N/A
Parkwork.PVEH_SEV
Extent of damage
V30
N/A
Parkwork.PTOWED
Vehicle Removal
V28
N/A
Parkwork.PIMPACT1
Area of Impact- Initial Damaged
V28
N/A
Parkwork.PIMPACT2
Area of Impact- Most Damaged
V19
N/A
Parkwork.Pcargtyp
Cargo body type
V20 - HM1
N/A
Parkwork.PHAZ_INV
V20 - HM2
N/A
Parkwork.PHAZPLAC
V20 - HM3
N/A
Parkwork.PHAZ_ID
V20 - HM4
N/A
Parkwork.PHAZ_CNO
V20 - HM5
N/A
Parkwork.PHAZ_REL
V100
N/A
Parkwork.MAK_MOD
Make Model
V21
N/A
Parkwork.PBUS_USE
Bus Use
C8
N/A
Parkwork.PDAY
Day
V150
N/A
Parkwork.PDEATHS
Fatals in Vehicle
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard Involvement
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard Placard
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard Identification Number
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard Class Number
Hazardous Material Involvement/Placard Released
Appendices  539
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New 2010
SAS Names
Data Element Name
V121
N/A
Parkwork.PFUECODE
Fuel Code
V17
N/A
Parkwork.PGVWR
GVWR
C18
N/A
Parkwork.PHARM_EV
First Harmful Event
V6
N/A
Parkwork.PHIT_RUN
Hit and Run
C9
N/A
Parkwork.PHOUR
Crash Time (HOUR)
V124
N/A
Parkwork.PMCYCL_DS
Motorcycle Engine Displacement (CC)
V16A
N/A
Parkwork.PMCARR_I1
MCID Issuing Authority
V16
N/A
Parkwork.PMCARR_I2
MCID Identification Number
V16B
N/A
Parkwork.PMCARR_ID
Motor Carrier Identification Number
V32
N/A
Parkwork.PM_HARM
Most Harmful Event
C19
N/A
Parkwork.PMAN_COLL
Manner of Collision
C9
N/A
Parkwork.PMINUTE
Crash Time (MINUTE)
C8
N/A
Parkwork.PMONTH
Crash Date (Month)
V8
N/A
Parkwork.POWNER
Registered Vehicle Owner
V122
N/A
Parkwork.PSER_TR
VIN Truck Series
V25
N/A
Parkwork.PUNDERIDE
Underride/Override
C4AA
N/A
Parkwork.PVE_FORMS
Number of Vehicle Forms Submitted for MV In
Transport
V13
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN
Vehicle Identification Number
V101
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_1
VIN Character 1
V102
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_2
VIN Character 2
V103
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_3
VIN Character 3
V104
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_4
VIN Character 4
V105
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_5
VIN Character 5
V106
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_6
VIN Character 6
V107
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_7
VIN Character 7
V108
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_8
VIN Character 8
V109
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_9
VIN Character 9
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  540
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New 2010
SAS Names
Data Element Name
V110
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_10
VIN Character 10
V111
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_11
VIN Character 11
V112
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_12
VIN Character 12
V115
N/A
Parkwork.PVINA_MOD
VIN Model
V114
N/A
Parkwork.PVINMAKE
VIN Make
V117
N/A
Parkwork.PVINMODYR
VIN Model Year
V113
N/A
Parkwork.PVINTYPE
VIN Vehicle Type
V116
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_BT
VIN Body Type
V125
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_LNGT
VIN Length
V118
N/A
Parkwork.PVIN_WGT
Curb Weight
V18
N/A
Parkwork.PV_CONFIG
Vehicle Configuration
V33
N/A
Parkwork.PVEH_SC1
Related Factors -1
V33
N/A
Parkwork.PVEH_SC2
Related Factors -2
V123
N/A
Parkwork.PWGTCD_TR
Truck Weight Rating
V120
N/A
Parkwork.PWHLBS_LG
Wheelbase Long
V119
N/A
Parkwork.PWHLBS_SH
Wheelbase Short
N/A
Parkwork.STATE
State Number
N/A
Parkwork.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Parkwork.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
N/A
Distract.MDRDSTRD
Driver Distracted By
N/A
Distract.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Distract.STATE
State Number
N/A
Distract.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
N/A
Factor.MFACTOR
Contributing Circumstances, Motor Vehicle
N/A
Factor.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Factor.STATE
State Number
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
PC16
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
PC4
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  541
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
New 2010
SAS Names
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Data Element Name
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
N/A
Factor.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
D23
N/A
Drimpair.DRIMPAIR
Condition (Impairment) at Time of Crash
N/A
Drimpair.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Drimpair.STATE
State Number
N/A
Drimpair.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
N/A
Nmimpair.NMIMPAIR
Condition (Impairment) at Time of Crash
N/A
Nmimpair.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Nmimpair.STATE
State Number
N/A
Nmimpair.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
P4/NM4
N/A
Nmimpair.PER_NO
Person Number
PC15
AVOID
Maneuver.MDRMANAV
Driver Maneuvered to Avoid
N/A
Maneuver.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Maneuver.STATE
State Number
N/A
Maneuver.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
N/A
Nmcrash.MTM_CRSH
Non Motorists Action/Circumstance at Time of
Crash
N/A
Nmcrash.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Nmcrash.STATE
State Number
P4/NM4
N/A
Nmcrash.PER_NO
Person Number
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
N/A
Nmcrash.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
NM11
N/A
Nmprior.MPR_ACT
Non Motorists Action/Circumstance Prior to Crash
N/A
Nmprior.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Nmprior.STATE
State Number
P4/NM4
N/A
Nmprior.PER_NO
Person Number
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
N/A
Nmprior.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
NM13
N/A
Safetyeq.MSAFEQMT
Non Motorists Safety Equipment
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
N/A
Safetyeq.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
NM14
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
NM12
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  542
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
New 2010
SAS Names
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Data Element Name
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
N/A
Safetyeq.STATE
State Number
P4/NM4
N/A
Safetyeq.PER_NO
Person Number
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
N/A
Safetyeq.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
D21
N/A
Violatn.MVIOLATN
Violations Charged
N/A
Violatn.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Violatn.STATE
State Number
N/A
Violatn.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
D_VISION1,
D_VISION2,
D_VISION3
Vision.MVISOBSC
Driver's Vision Obscured By
N/A
Vision.ST_CASE
Consecutive Number
N/A
Vision.STATE
State Number
N/A
Vision.VEH_NO
Vehicle Number
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
PC14
C2/V2/D2/P
C2/P2/NM2
C1/V1/D1/P
C1/P1/NM1
V3/D3/PC3/
P3
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  543
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Summary of the SAS Naming Changes in 2010
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
New 2010
SAS Name
Data Element Name
C20a
N/A
RELJCT1
Relation to Junction - Within Interchange Area
C20b
REL_JUNC
RELJCT2
Relation to Junction - Specific Location
PC5
TRAF_FLO
VTRAFWAY
Trafficway Description
PC6
NO_LANES
VNUM_LAN
Total Lanes in Roadway
PC7
SP_LIMIT
VSPD_LIM
Speed Limit
PC8
ALIGNMNT
VALIGN
Roadway Alignment
PC9
PROFILE
VPROFILE
Roadway Grade
PC10
PAVE_TYP
VPAVETYP
Roadway Surface Type
PC11
SUR_COND
VSURCOND
Roadway Surface Condition
PC12
TRA_CONT
VTRAFCON
Traffic Control Device
PC13
T_CONT_F
VTCONT_F
Traffic Control Device Functioning
C21
N/A
TYP_INT
Type of Intersection
V113
N/A
VINTYPE
VIN Vehicle Type
V114
N/A
VINMAKE
VIN Make
V117
N/A
VINMODYR
VIN Model Year
PC23
N/A
ACC_TYPE
Accident Type
V121
N/A
FUELCODE
Fuel Code
V126
N/A
TIRE_SZE
Original Tire Size
V127
N/A
DISPLACE
Cubic Inch Displacement
V128
N/A
CYLINDER
Number of Cylinders
V129
N/A
CARBUR
Carburetion
V130
N/A
WHLDRWHL
Number of wheels/driver wheels
V131
N/A
TON_RAT
Ton Rating
V132
N/A
TRK_WT
Shipping Weight
V133
N/A
TRKWTVAR
Shipping Weight Variance
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  544
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Locator
Code
2009
SAS Name
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New 2010
SAS Name
Data Element Name
V134
N/A
VIN_REST
VIN Restraint Type
V135
N/A
MCYCL_WT
Dry Weight
V136
N/A
MCYCL_CY
Number of Engine Cycles
P11
N/A
REST_MIS
Any Indication of Mis-Use of Restraint
System/Helmet Use
The data elements in RED are new to 2010 FARS.
The data elements in BLUE are changed in 2010 FARS.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  545
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Trafficway Descriptor Data Elements 2010
As part of the data standardization effort to harmonize the data in FARS and NASS GES and
align both data systems with the data elements recommended in MMUCC, nine data elements
were moved from the Crash Level in FARS to the a new Precrash Level method of collection.
Some data elements also had title changes as a result. The changes are identified below with
bold/italics. Those data elements are:
2009 Crash Level Data elements
2010 Precrash Level Data elements
C21 Trafficway Flow (TRAF_FLO)
PC5 Trafficway Description (VTRAFWAY)
C22 Number of Travel Lanes (NO_LANES)
PC6 Total Lanes in Roadway (VNUM_LAN)
C23 Speed Limit (SP_LIMIT)
PC7 Speed Limit (VSPD_LIM)
C24 Roadway Alignment (ALIGNMNT)
PC8 Roadway Alignment (VALIGN)
C25 Roadway Profile (PROFILE)
PC9 Roadway Grade (VPROFILE)
C26 Roadway Surface Type (PAVE_TYP)
PC10 Roadway Surface Type (VPAVETYP)
C27 Roadway Surface Condition (SUR_COND)
PC11 Roadway Surface Condition (VSURCOND)
C29 Traffic Control Device (TRAF_CON)
PC12 Traffic Control Device (VTRAFCON)
C30 Traffic Control Device Functioning (T_CONT_F)
PC13 Traffic Control Device Functioning (VTCONT_F)
In the FARS data collection years 2009 and prior, the set of data elements above-left (C21-C27)
provided details about the characteristics of the trafficway to which the crash had been
assigned. Crashes were assigned to the trafficway on which the First Harmful Event occurred.
If the First Harmful Event occurred outside the boundaries of a trafficway (e.g. private property),
the crash was assigned to the trafficway on which the vehicle was traveling when the
Unstabilized Situation began.
In at-intersection crashes, assignment was to the highest function class of trafficway at the
intersection. If the vehicles were traveling on two different trafficways of equal function class
prior to an at-intersection crash, it was assigned to the trafficway on which the motor vehicle
precipitating the crash was traveling.
The data elements C29 Traffic Control Device and C30 Traffic Control Device Functioning were
coded with respect to the control most applicable to the crash. If more than one device was
present, the highest device (lowest number on the attribute list) most related to the crash was
selected.
In the FARS data collection years starting in 2010, this set of data elements above-right (PC5PC13) provide details about the characteristics of the trafficway that each in-transport motor
vehicle was traveling on just prior to its Critical Precrash Event. The Critical Precrash Event is
the event which made the crash imminent (i.e., something occurred which made the collision
possible). For vehicles departing the trafficway prior to their critical precrash events, the
trafficway selected for classification is the one the vehicle departed. If this vehicle is in a junction
just prior to its critical precrash event, the trafficway selected for classification is the one it is on
before entering the junction.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  546
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
While these data elements were still collecting the same general information in 2010, there are
some important differences to note. First, by being collected for each vehicle, different
trafficway characteristics could be recorded for each vehicle in the crash. Second, in some
circumstances the procedural change to being recorded for each vehicle based on its precrash
location rather than the location of the first harmful event resulted in different data being
provided than would have been in the same crash in prior years.
The types of crashes most affected by the change were those that occur in junction. For
example, in a crash where two vehicles were traveling on the same trafficway in opposite
directions (e.g. North-South) that have an at-intersection crash in the junction of a higher
function class trafficway, the characteristics of the lower class trafficway that each of the
vehicles were traveling on before entering the intersection area are recorded in the data
elements PC5-PC13 for each vehicle. In prior years, the characteristics of the higher functional
class trafficway would have appeared on the Crash Level. Also note that in such a case, on the
Crash Level this crash would still be recoded to the higher functional class trafficway in the data
elements C10 National Highway System, C11 Roadway Function Class, C12 Route Signing,
and C13 Trafficway Identifier and none of the vehicle level characteristics can be attributed to
this trafficway.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  547
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
New in 2011 FARS
2011 Data Elements with Changes in Definitions and Attributes
Below is a list of FARS data elements that have substantial changes for 2011.
DATA
ELEMENT
#
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
C3
Number of
Forms
Submitted for
Persons Not
in Motor
Vehicles
X
C14
Milepoint
X
C17
Crash
EventsSequence of
Events
C18
First Harmful
Event
C30
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
COMMENTS
 Update Range to: 00-99.
X
 Changed format from 5 alphanumeric to
5 numeric.
 Updated element attributes with the
addition of the decimal point.
X
 Delete attribute 98 – Not Reported
X
X
 Delete attribute 98 – Not Reported
EMS Time at
Hospital
X
X
 Added new attribute 9996 – Transport
V4
Number of
Occupants
X
X
 Delete attribute 98 - Not Reported
V9
Vehicle Make
X
X
 Added new Make 66 - Mahindra
V10
Vehicle
Model
X
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Terminated.
 Add new attribute 598 – Low Speed
Vehicle (LSV) / Neighborhood Electric
Vehicle (NEV) and 870 – Medium/Heavy
Van-Based Vehicle.
Appendices  548
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
DATA
ELEMENT
#
V10
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
X
X
Body Type
COMMENTS
 Added new attributes: 55 – Van-Based
Bus GVWR > 10,000 lbs. and 94 – Low
Speed Vehicle (LSV) / Neighborhood
Electric Vehicle (NEV)
 Updated attributes: 61 – Single-unit
straight truck or Cab-Chassis (10,000
lbs. < GVWR < or = 19,500 lbs.), 62 –
Single-unit straight truck or Cab-Chassis
(19,500 lbs. < GVWR < or = 26,000 lbs.),
63 – Single-unit straight truck or CabChassis (GVWR > 26,000 lbs.), 64 –
Single-unit straight truck or Cab-Chassis
(GVWR unknown).
V27
Location of
Rollover
X
X
 Add new attribute: 7 – In Parking
Lane/Zone
V31
Sequence of
Events
X
X
 Removal of attribute 98 - Not Reported
V32
Most Harmful
Event
X
 Added new remarks.
 Removal of attribute 98 - Not Reported
D5
Driver’s
License State
X
X
 Delete attribute 00 - No Driver Present
D6
Driver’s Zip
Code
X
X
 Delete attribute 99997 - No Driver
Present
D23/
NM14
Condition
(Impairment)
at Time of
Crash
X
X
 Updated attribute 99 – Unknown If
Physically Impaired.
D24
Related
FactorsDriver Level
X
 Updated attribute 12 – Mother of Dead
Fetus/ Mother of Infant Born Post
Crash
PC7
Speed Limit
X
X
 Change attribute range from 01-95 to 0580 (in 5 mph increments).
PC12
Traffic
Control
Device
X
X
 Updated attributes: 32 23 – School
Zone
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  549
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
DATA
ELEMENT
#
DATA
ELEMENT
NAME
NEW/
REVISED
VALUES
NEW/
REVISED
REMARKS
PC14
Driver Vision
Obscured By
X
X
 Updated attribute: 95 - No Driver Present
/ Unknown if Driver Present
PC15
Driver
Maneuvered
to Avoid
X
X
 Updated attribute: 95 - No Driver Present
/ Unknown if Driver Present
PC16
Driver
Distracted By
X
X
 Updated attribute: 16 - No Driver Present
/ Unknown if Driver Present
PC17
Pre-Event
Movement
(Prior to
Recognition
of Critical
Event)
X
X
 Updated attributes: 02 – Decelerating in
Roadway, 03 – Accelerating in Roadway,
04 – Starting in Roadway, 05 – Stopped
in Traffic Lane in Roadway. 07 –
Disabled or “Parked” in Travel Lane
PC19
Critical
EventPrecrash
(Event)
X
X
 Updated attributes: 15 – Turning left at
trafficway junction, 16 – Turning right at
trafficway junction, 80 – Pedestrian in
roadway road, 81 – Pedestrian
approaching roadway road, 83 –
Pedalcyclist or other non-motorist in
roadway road (specify:), 84 –
Pedalcyclist or other non-motorist
approaching roadway road (specify:),
85 – Pedalcyclist or other non-motorist
unknown location (specifiy:),87 – Animal
in roadway road, 88 – Animal
approaching roadway road, 90 – Object
in roadway road, 91 – Object
approaching roadway road
P7/NM7
Person Type
X
X
 Deleted attribute: 88 - Not Reported.
P8/NM8
Injury
Severity
X
 Deleted attribute: 8 – Not Reported
X
 Updated attributes: 18 – Mother of Dead
Fetus/ Mother of Infant Born Post
Crash
P26/NM25
Related
FactorsPerson Level
(Motor
Vehicle
Occupant)
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
X
COMMENTS
Appendices  550
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix D:
Summary of 2010 and 2011 FARS Changes
Summary of the SAS Naming Changes in 2011
Locator
Code
2010
SAS Name
New 2011
SAS Name
Data Element Name
C3A
N/A
PERNOTMVIT
Number of Persons Not in Motor Vehicles in
Transport (MVIT)
C4B
N/A
PVH_INVL
Number of Parked/Working Vehicles Involved
C5A
N/A
PERMVIT
Number of Persons in Motor Vehicles in Transport
(MVIT)
V126
N/A
TIRE_SZE
Original Tire Size
V127
N/A
DISPLACE
Cubic Inch Displacement
V128
N/A
CYLINDER
Number of Cylinders
V129
N/A
CARBUR
Carburetion
V130
N/A
WHLDRWHL
Number of Wheels/Drive Wheels
V131
N/A
TON_RAT
Ton Rating
V132
N/A
TRK_WT
Shipping Weight
V133
N/A
TRKWTVAR
Shipping Weight Variance
V134
N/A
VIN_REST
VIN Restraint Type
V135
N/A
MCYCL_WT
Dry Weight
V136
N/A
MCYCL_CY
Number of Engine Cycles
NM4
N_MOT_NO
STR_VEH
Number of Motor Vehicle Striking Non-Motorist
The data elements in RED are new to 2011 FARS.
The data elements in BLUE are changed in 2011 FARS.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  551
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix E:
Pedestrian and Bicyclist Data Availability Change
Appendix E:
Pedestrian and Bicyclist Data Availability Change
In 2010, NHTSA added new precrash data elements for pedestrians and bicyclists (nonmotorist) to the data collected in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and the
National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES). These data
are intended for countermeasure research and development. However, NHTSA’s National
Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) quality control team has identified inconsistencies
between the new non-motorist data elements and comparable pre-existing FARS elements that
can lead to different results. Consequently, NHTSA has removed the Pbtype data file from the
2010 and 2011 FARS and NASS GES while research is conducted on how improvements can
be made. This Pbtype data file includes some non-motorist data (see below). The following
data elements have been removed:














PB30 – Crash Type - Pedestrian
PB31 – Crash Type Location - Pedestrian
PB32 – Pedestrian Position
PB33 – Pedestrian Initial Direction of Travel
PB34 – Motorist Direction
PB35 – Motorist Maneuver
PB36 – Intersection Leg
PB37 – Pedestrian Scenario
PB38 – Crash Group – Pedestrian
PB30B – Crash Type - Bicycle
PB31B – Crash Location - Bicycle
PB32B – Bicyclist Position
PB33B – Bicyclist Direction
PB38B – Crash Group - Bicyclist
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  552
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix F:
Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements
Appendix F:
Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements
FARS implemented a new structure for its VIN decoded data elements in 2013. This was
warranted due to the renovation of the RL Polk VIN verification and decoding program. RL Polk
upgraded their PC VINA VIN validation and decoding program to their new VINtelligence
application, and no longer supports PC VINA. The FARS data collection software was therefore
retooled to work with the VINtelligence application. The output is now stored in the Vindecode
data file. The data file contains 81 VIN decoded data elements. Descriptions of these data
elements are provided below from the Polk VINtelligence Deluxe Package and Field
Descriptions documentation.
Note: The twelve characters of the VIN are still provided as individual data elements (V101V112) in the Vehicle and Parkwork data files. The 24 VIN decoded data elements that used to
be on the Vehicle, Parkwork and Person data files were discontinued in 2013. These data
elements can still be found in the discontinued sections of the Vehicle and Parkwork data files in
this Manual.
Element
Identifier
SAS Name
Field Description
V200
ABS
(Brakes-ABS Code) A code that describes whether a vehicle has or does not
have anti-lock brakes, and what kind of brakes they are. (Not coded for heavy
truck). This is based on the series code that is assigned the vehicle from VINA.
V201
ABS_T
(Brakes-ABS Code) description
V202
BATKWRTG
The measure of total battery power expressed in kilowatts. For example:
71KW, 85KW, 75KW, 67KW.
V203
BATTYP
A value that identifies the kind of battery in the vehicle. For example: PbALead Acid, NMH- Nickel Metal Hydride.
V204
BATTYP_T
The description of the Polk assigned code for the Battery Type Code. For
example: PbA- Lead Acid, NMH- Nickel Metal Hydride.
V205
BATVOLT
The voltage rating of the battery as provided by the manufacturer.
V206
BLOCKTYPE
(Block Type) Description
V207
BODYSTYLE
A Polk assigned code that describes the body style of the vehicle. For
example, CP=Coupe.
V208
BODYSTYLE_T
The description of the Polk assigned code Body Style Code For example:
Coupe
V209
CARBBRLS
The number of barrels on a carbureted engine.
V210
CARBTYPE
The description of the Polk assigned code which identifies the vehicle
carburetion type. For example Carburetor, Fuel Injection, Unknown or Electric
n/a.
V211
CYCLES
(Cycle Count) Refers to the cycle or stroke of an engine. 2-strokes are
lightweight and simpler, but they burn oil, by design. Few cars on the road in
North America are two-strokes, the last one offered was a 1967 Saab.
V212
CYLNDRS
Contains a code that represents the number of cylinders a vehicle's
combustion engine can have.
V213
DISPCLMT
(Displacement Liters) displacement in rounded Liters, where 1,000 cubic
centimeters = 1 liter. Even domestic makes will advertise displacement in
terms of liters (e.g. 5.0 liter mustang, which equates to a 302 CID or 4967 cc
displacement).
V214
DISPLCC
(Displacement CC) displacement in cubic centimeters. We intend to use this as
the definitive, exact displacement value, i.e. 4967 cc.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  553
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix F:
Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements
Element
Identifier
SAS Name
Field Description
V215
DISPLCI
(Displacement CID) displacement in cubic inches. This is a rounded, marketing
value, like 302 cubic inches, instead of 4967 cc.
V216
DOORS
The number of doors the vehicle has
V217
DRIVETYPE
(Drive Type) This element describes type of driving configuration for cars and
trucks such as FWD, AWD, RWD.
V218
DRIVETYPE_T
(Drive Type) description
V219
DRIVWHLS
Number of wheels driven by the power train. For example in a 6x4
configuration this would be the 4.
V220
DRL
(Daytime Running Lights)A Polk assigned code that identifies whether or not
the vehicle has daytime running lights.
V221
DRL_T
(Daytime Running Lights) description
V222
ENGHEAD
(Head Configuration) Describes the cylinder head's camshaft/valve
configuration.
V223
ENGHEAD_T
(Head Configuration) description
V224
ENGMFG
(Mfr.) description
V225
ENGMODEL
(Model) description
V226
ENGVINCD
(Code) Code derived from the VIN (not the secondary VIN for a motorcycle).
Usually a single character, some manufactures give full positions 4-8 and
engine information from that; they do not break it down any further.
V227
ENGVVT
Used to determine if a car has Variable Valve Timing
V228
FUEL
(Fuel) What an internal combustion burns to move a piston in a cylinder
V229
FUEL_T
(Fuel) description
V230
FUELINJ
The type of fuel injection used by a vehicle. For example, Direct, Throttle body
V231
GVWRANGE
Contains a code that identifies the Polk standard groupings of gross vehicle
weights to which a vehicle may belong. This information is typically captured
only for trucks.
V232
GVWRANGE_T
The description for the manufacturers assigned Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
for trucks. This rating may or may not equal the actual GVW.
V233
INCOMPLT
Indicator that signifies whether the vehicle is consider "incomplete" (Y/N)
V234
MCYUSAGE
A further breakdown of body style for motorcycles to indicate if is it On-Road or
Off-Road.
V235
MCYUSAGE_T
A further breakdown of body style for motorcycles to indicate if is it On-Road or
Off-Road.
V236
MSRP
Contains the base price of the vehicle as designated by the OEM's
specifications. BASE PRICE includes only the price for the base model of the
vehicle, excluding any optional equipment that may have been added as a
result of the vehicle's TRIM LEVEL.
V237
NCICMAKE
Contains the Polk standardized abbreviation for the OEM's vehicle make. The
vehicle make generally contains what the general public usually considers to
be a vehicle brand name, for example, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Mercury,
Toyota, GMC, Chevy, etc.
V238
PLNTCITY
(City) This is the city where the plant is located.
V239
PLNTCNTRY
(Country) This is the country where the plant is located. Example values are
USA, Canada and Japan.
V240
PLNTSTATE
(State or Province) This is the state or province (Canada) location of the plant.
V241
PSI_F
(Front Tire Pressure) Vehicle Mfr. recommendation for tire pressure, in
pounds/sq. in.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  554
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix F:
Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements
Element
Identifier
SAS Name
Field Description
V242
PSI_R
(Rear Tire Pressure) Vehicle Mfr. recommendation for tire pressure, in
pounds/sq. in.
V243
REARSIZE
(Rear Tire Size Description) As in "17R245"
V244
RSTRNT
(Restraint Type) A Polk assigned code that identifies the type of restraints that
a vehicle has based on VIN.
V245
RSTRNT_T
(Restraint Type) description
V246
SALE_CNTRY
(Country Sold / Specific Market) Country where the vehicle is planned to be
sold (may have different emissions standards).
V247
SALE_CNTRY_T
(Country Sold / Specific Market) description
V248
SECURITY
(Security Type) Describes the security system (if any) installed on this model.
V249
SECURITY_T
(Security Type) description
V250
SHIPWEIGHT
Contains the base weight of the vehicle, as defined in the OEM's
specifications. The base weight of a vehicle is the empty weight of the base
model of the vehicle (i.e., the stripped down version of the vehicle)
V251
SUPCHRGR
Indicates if the engine has a supercharger or not.
V252
SUPCHRGR_T
Indicates if the engine has a supercharger or not. Yes, No or Unknown.
V253
TIREDESC_F
more specific tire description (ex. Michelin Eagle P245/40ZR)”
V254
TIREDESC_R
more specific tire description (ex. Michelin Eagle P245/40ZR)”
V255
TIRESIZE_F
(Front Tire Size Description) As in "17R245"
V256
TKAXLEF
(Axle- Type, Front Axle) The location of the front axle of a truck tractor. Set
forward increases stability on the highway, Setback increases maneuverability
in tight spaces.
V257
TKAXLEF_T
(Axle- Type, Front Axle) short description
V258
TKAXLER
(Axle- Type, Rear Axle) Represents rear axle configuration on a truck tractor.
Tandem axles increase load bearing capability.
V259
TKAXLER_T
(Axle- Type, Rear Axle) short description
V260
TKBEDL
(Bed Length) Code representing the manufacturer's description of the relative
size of the cargo area of a pickup truck or van. A "long" Ford Ranger bed
(compact pickup) may well be shorter than a "short" bed on an F350 (large
industrial pickup).
V261
TKBEDL_T
(Bed Length) description
V262
TKBRAK
(Brake Type) The type of brakes on the Vehicle (currently commercial truck
only). Truck VIN determines this currently
V263
TKBRAK_T
(Brake Type) description
V264
TKCAB
(Cab Configuration) Cab Type describes the physical configuration of a truck's
cabin.
V265
TKCAB_T
(Cab Configuration) medium description
V266
TKDUTY
(Duty Type) A Polk assigned code that represents the duty type of a truck
engine, based on manufacturer information
V267
TKDUTY_T
(Duty Type) medium description
V268
TONRATING
(Tonnage Rating) description
V269
TURBO
Indicates if the engine has a turbocharger.
V270
TURBO_T
Indicates if the engine has a turbocharger. Yes, No or Unknown.
V271
VEHTYPE
A Polk assigned code that defines the type of a vehicle represented by a
specific VIN. For example: M,P,C or T.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  555
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendix F:
Changes to the FARS VIN Decoded Data Elements
Element
Identifier
SAS Name
Field Description
V272
VEHTYPE_T
The description of the Polk assigned code for the vehicle type code. For
example: passenger, truck, motorcycle, commercial trailer.
V273
VINMAKE_T
(Make- Name) Full name of the make (i.e. Chevrolet)
V274
VINMODEL_T
(Model Code) description
V275
VINYEAR
The marketing year defined by the OEM which the vehicle was produced. The
value contained in this attribute may not always match the calendar year in
which the vehicle was actually manufactured. Many OEMs release models
prior to calendar year.
V276
VLVCLNDR
(Valves Per Cylinder) Number of intake/exhaust valves per cylinder.
V277
VLVTOTAL
(Valves Total) Total number of intake/exhaust valves.
V278
WHEELS
The number of wheel ends on the vehicle. For example in a 6x4 configuration
this would be the 6.
V279
WHLBLG
Contains the longest distance between the front and rear axles of a vehicle in
inches for a particular series of that vehicle.
V280
WHLBSH
Contains the distance between the front and rear axles of a vehicle in inches of
the base model of the vehicle.
FARS Analytical User’s Manual
Appendices  556
DOT HS 812 092
December 2014
11175-121514-v1
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