note to installer: this manual should be left with the

®
NOTE TO INSTALLER: THIS MANUAL SHOULD BE LEFT WITH THE EQUIPMENT USER.
This document was created with FrameMaker 4.0.4
YOUR COMFORT SYSTEM
WELCOME TO EFFICIENT
YEAR-ROUND COMFORT
Identifying Your System
Congratulations on your excellent choice and sound investment in year-round home comfort!
Your new heat pump represents both the latest in engineering development and the culmination of many years of experience from one of the most reputable manufacturers of
comfort systems.
Your new unit is among the most energy-efficient and reliable heat pump products available today. To assure its
dependability, spend just a few minutes with this booklet
now. Learn about the operation of your heat pump, and the
small amount of maintenance it takes to keep it operating at
its peak efficiency.
With minimal care, your new heat pump will provide you
and your family with year-round home comfort—both now
and for years to come.
Take the time to familiarize yourself with the type of system
you have. This knowledge will be of use in understanding
the basic operation of your new heat pump.
The split-system type has an indoor and an outdoor unit,
each of which contains a coil. These units are interconnected by refrigerant tubes. (See Fig. 1.)
Each unit has a rating plate affixed to it which provides necessary information for specific identification of a unit. You
should familiarize yourself with the product, model, and
serial numbers listed on each rating plate.
IMPORTANT FACTS
To better protect your investment and to eliminate unnecessary service calls, familiarize yourself with the following
facts:
• Your heat pump system should never be operated without
a clean air filter properly installed. Plan to inspect the filter
periodically. A clogged air filter will increase operating costs
and shorten the life of the unit.
• Supply-air and return-air registers should not be blocked.
Drapes, furniture, and toys are some of the items commonly
found obstructing grilles. Restricted airflow lessens the
unit’s efficiency and life span.
• The outdoor unit must have unrestricted airflow. Do not
cover the unit, lean anything against it, or stand upon it. Do
not allow grass clippings, leaves, or other debris to accumulate around or on top of the unit. Maintain a 12-in. minimum
clearance between the outdoor unit and tall grass, vines,
shrubs, etc.
• Your multipurpose indoor thermostat is the control center
for your heat pump system. You should familiarize yourself
with its proper operation. Attempting to control the system
by other means—for instance, switching the electrical supply power ON and OFF—may cause damage to the unit.
• During heating increasing the thermostat more than 2
degrees may cause the supplemental heaters to be turned on
to satisfy the thermostat. Needless use of the supplementary
heat reduces potential energy savings.
• You may find that you can maintain greater personal comfort by running the fan continuously. “Air pockets” can form
due to the structure of the house, placement of registers, etc.
These air pockets may be too cool or warm for your liking.
Continuous fan operation minimizes any temperature differences. Also, systems equipped with electronic air cleaners
and/or humidifiers offer the added benefits of having the air
continuously cleaned year-round, and humidified during the
winter season.
• Your heat pump will remove humidity from your home
during the cooling season. After a few minutes of operation,
you should be able to see water trickle from the condensate
drain of the cooling coil. Check this occasionally to be sure
the drain system is not clogged. Of course, don’t expect to
see much drainage if you live in a very dry environment.
• During the heating cycle, air from your registers may
seem cooler than you might first expect. This is because the
air is being delivered at a higher velocity and a more constant
flow than air supplied by a conventional furnace. Also, your
! WARNING
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance or use can cause explosion,
fire, electrical shock, or other conditions which
may cause personal injury or property damage.
Consult a qualified installer, service agency or
your distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified installer or agency must
use factory-authorized kits or accessories when
modifying this product.
! WARNING
To prevent personal injury, death, or property
damage, read and follow all instructions and warnings, including labels shipped with or attached to
unit before operating your new heat pump.
Fig.1—Typical Split-System Installation
2
heat pump supplies air at 85° to 90°F instead of in sudden
bursts of hot air as with a conventional furnace. The air
may feel cool because it is slightly less than your body
temperature. However, it is sufficiently warm to keep you
comfortable.
• Ice or frost will tend to form on the outdoor coil during the
winter heating operation. Your heat pump is designed to
automatically melt the ice. When in this defrost cycle, it is
normal for steam or fog to rise from the outdoor unit. Do not
be alarmed!
• Do not operate your unit in cooling mode when outdoor
temperatures are below 55°F.
• Do not operate your unit in heating mode when outdoor
temperatures are above 66°F.
HEAT
50 60 70 80
The AUTO selection found on some thermostats provides
for automatic changeover between cooling and heating
cycles. With the SYSTEM switch set in the AUTO position,
the cooling mode is activated when the indoor temperature
rises above the thermostat cooling temperature setting, or
the heating mode will be activated when the indoor temperature drops below the thermostat setting for the heating
cycle.
Depending on your typical winter heating needs, your home
comfort system may include a supplementary heating
source. The EMERGENCY HEAT switch provides for convenient selection between the 2 heating appliances. Your
heat pump will operate when the switch is set at NORMAL.
With the switch set at the EMERGENCY HEAT position,
the heat pump will turn off and the supplementary heat
source will be activated.
In certain geographic areas and in certain applications, electric heat is not required. Any questions regarding your
application should be directed to your dealer.
OFF
COOLING CYCLE
COOL
90
AUTO
50 60 70 80
Energy Sa
FAN
ON
EMERG
90
ving Heat
When operating in the cooling cycle, your heat pump will
run until the indoor temperature is lowered to the level you
have selected. On extremely hot days, your conditioner will
run for longer periods at a time and have shorter “off” periods than on moderate days.
The following are typical conditions that add extra heat
and/or humidity to your home. Your cooling unit will
work longer to keep your home comfortable under these
conditions:
• Entrance doors are frequently opened and closed
HEAT
Pump
Fig. 2—Manual Changeover Thermostat
• Laundry appliances are being operated
• A shower is running
OPERATING YOUR HEAT PUMP
• More than the usual number of people are present in the
home
The operation of your heat pump system is controlled by the
indoor thermostat. You simply adjust the thermostat and it
maintains the indoor temperature at the level you select.
Most thermostats for heat pump systems have 4 controls:
the temperature control selector, FAN switch, SYSTEM
switch, and EMERGENCY HEAT switch.
The temperature control selector is a dial or lever that
allows you to establish the degree of temperature that you
wish to maintain for your personal comfort. Some thermostats possess 2 temperature control selectors: 1 for setting
the temperature desired during the cooling cycle, and 1 to
set the heating operation temperature. Typical settings are
78°F for cooling and 68°F for heating.
The FAN switch offers 2 options for controlling the blower:
AUTO and ON. When set to AUTO, the blower will run during
the time the heat pump is operating. When the FAN switch is
set at the ON position, the blower will run continuously.
Typically, the SYSTEM switch on your thermostat offers
the following selections: COOL, OFF, and HEAT. Your thermostat may also have a fourth selection, AUTO. The heat
pump will not operate when the SYSTEM switch is set at the
OFF position. With the SYSTEM switch set at COOL, your
heat pump will operate in its cooling mode when the indoor
temperature rises above the level that you wish to maintain.
With the SYSTEM switch set at the HEAT position, your
heat pump will provide warmth whenever the indoor temperature falls below the level that you have selected.
• More than the normal number of electric lights are in use
• Drapes are open on the sunny side of the home
HEATING CYCLE
With the SYSTEM switch of your indoor thermostat set to
the HEAT position, the heating section of your home comfort system will operate until room temperature is raised to
the level you have selected. Of course, the heating unit will
have to operate for longer periods to maintain a comfortable
environment on cooler days and nights than on moderate
ones.
Refer to your furnace User’s Manual for specific information on heating operation.
DEFROST CYCLE
When your heat pump is providing heat to your home and
the outdoor temperature drops below 45°F, moisture may
begin to freeze on the surface of the outdoor coil. If allowed
to build up, this ice would impede airflow across the coil and
reduce the amount of heat absorbed from the outside air.
So, to maintain energy-efficient operation, your heat pump
has an automatic defrost cycle.
The defrost cycle starts at a preset time interval of 90 minutes, although, it may be reset to either 30 or 50 minutes.
Defrost will start at the preset time only if the ice is sufficient
to interfere with normal heating operation.
3
After the ice is melted from the outdoor coil, or after a maximum of 10 minutes in the defrost mode, the unit will automatically switch back to normal heating operation.
Do not be alarmed if steam or fog appears at the outdoor
unit during the defrost cycle. Water vapor from the melting
ice may condense into a mist in the cold outside air.
During certain weather conditions such as heavy snow and
freezing rain it is not uncommon for ice to build up on the
outdoor unit grille. This is normal for these weather conditions. Do not attempt to remove the ice from the outdoor
unit grille. This condition will not affect the proper function
of the unit and will clear within a few days.
EMERGENCY HEAT
The EMERGENCY HEAT setting on your thermostat
refers to any supplementary heating appliance that may be
included in your home comfort system. Operation of the
EMERGENCY HEAT source may be required if heating
demands exceed the capacity of the heat pump, or if the heat
pump malfunctions.
The red light on your thermostat will glow if the EMERGENCY HEAT switch is moved from NORMAL to the
EMERGENCY HEAT setting. This indicates that the heat
pump is off and the supplemental heating appliance is
selected for operation.
Also, if your particular model of heat pump includes an “efficiency alarm” circuit, the red light will glow if the compressor malfunctions. Call your dealer for immediate service if
you suspect trouble.
During the heating season, switch to EMERGENCY HEAT
if the electricity to your outdoor unit has been off for more
than 30 minutes for any reason (i.e., power outage). Leave
the switch in the EMERGENCY HEAT position for an
amount of time equal to that during which the power was
off. It isn’t necessary to exceed 12 hours. If you cannot
determine how long the power has been off, leave the
switch in the EMERGENCY HEAT position for 8 hours.
NOTE: The EMERGENCY HEAT switch is effective only
when the SYSTEM switch is set at the HEAT or AUTO
position.
Fig. 3—Main Electrical Disconnect
components will fail and need to be replaced. To avoid
inefficient or failed operation of your unit, CHECK THE
FILTER(S) EVERY 3 TO 4 WEEKS. Replace filter(s) when
necessary, or clean the filter(s) if you have the reusable
type.
Disposable filters should be replaced by similar, new filters
of the same dimensions.
Reusable, permanent filters should be washed in a solution
of cold water and mild detergent, then rinsed and thoroughly dried. THE FILTER MUST BE COMPLETELY DRY
BEFORE BEING REINSTALLED. To avoid prolonged
shutdown of your unit while a filter is drying, you should
have an extra filter on hand. This would allow you to rotate
between the 2 with minimal downtime for your comfort system. Extra filters may be purchased from your dealer.
There are no filters in the outdoor unit of a split system. If
your indoor unit is a gas or oil furnace, refer to your furnace
User’s Manual for filter location and procedures for replacement or cleaning.
If your system includes an indoor fan coil unit, the filter may
be located in the unit where it connects with the return-air
duct or plenum. (See Fig. 4.) Remove the filter cover plate
by sliding latches toward center of plate. Lift filter to clear
PERFORMING ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
With the proper maintenance and care, your heat pump unit
will operate economically and dependably. Maintenance can
be accomplished easily by referring to the following directions. However, before performing maintenance, consider
these important safety precautions:
• DISCONNECT ALL ELECTRICAL POWER TO THE AIR
CONDITIONER BEFORE REMOVING ACCESS PANELS
TO PERFORM MAINTENANCE. Disconnect power to both
the indoor and outdoor units. NOTE: THERE MAY BE
MORE THAN 1 ELECTRICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH.
• ALTHOUGH SPECIAL CARE HAS BEEN TAKEN TO
MINIMIZE SHARP EDGES IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF
YOUR UNIT, BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHEN HANDLING PARTS OR REACHING INTO THE UNIT.
CHECK THE AIR FILTER
A dirty air filter will cause excessive strain on the compressor and blower motor. This can cause the components to
over-heat and automatically shut down. In the extreme, the
Fig. 4—Removing Filter from Fan Coil Unit
4
• Check for sufficient airflow. Check the air filter(s) for any
accumulations of dirt. Check for blocked return-air or
supply-air grilles. Be sure grilles are open and
unobstructed.
• Check the settings on your indoor thermostat. If you
desire cooling, see that the temperature control selector is
set below room temperature and the SYSTEM switch is on
the COOL or AUTO position. If you require warmth, be sure
the temperature control selector is set above room temperature and the SYSTEM switch is at HEAT or AUTO. The FAN
switch should be set at ON for continuous blower operation
or AUTO if you wish blower to function only while the unit is
operating.
If your comfort system still fails to operate, contact your servicing dealer for troubleshooting and repairs. Specify your
apparent problem, and state the model and serial numbers
of your equipment. (You should have them recorded on
page 6 of this booklet.) With this information, your dealer
may be able to offer helpful suggestions over the phone or
save valuable time through knowledgeable preparation for
the service call.
lower flange. Filter is spring-loaded and will “pop out.” Reinstall filter, being certain to secure filter behind lower flange.
When reinstalling cover plate, secure plate behind upper
flange then slide tabs outward.
The indoor fan coil unit may be located in the attic. In this
instance the filter may be located behind the return air
grille. Access the filter by removing the return air grille.
INDOOR COIL
If the split-system coil has only been operated with a clean
filter in place, it should require minimal cleaning. You may
use a vacuum cleaner and soft brush attachment to remove
any accumulation of dust from the top and underside of the
finned coil surface. However, perform this maintenance
only when the coil is completely dry.
If you cannot get the coil clean by this method, call your
dealer for service. It may be necessary to clean the coil with
a detergent solution and rinse it with water. This could
require the removal of the coil. You should not attempt this
yourself.
OUTDOOR COIL
If grass clippings, leaves, shrubbery, and debris are kept
away from the outdoor unit, minimal care should be sufficient to keep the system functioning properly. For proper
drainage, debris must be removed periodically from the
base pan. However, if the outdoor coil becomes dirty, use a
brush or vacuum cleaner and soft brush attachment to clean
the exterior surface. If dirt is deep in the coil, contact your
dealer for service. The outdoor fan motor may have to be
disconnected and the top panel removed to gain access to
the coil for thorough cleaning. Do not attempt this yourself.
REGULAR DEALER MAINTENANCE
In addition to the routine maintenance that you perform, your
home comfort system should be
inspected regularly by a properly
trained service technician. The
inspection (preferably twice each
year, but at least once every year)
should include the following:
• Routine inspection of air filter(s). Replacement or cleaning
as required.
• Inspection and cleaning of the blower wheel, housing, and
motor as required.
• Inspection and, if required, cleaning of indoor and outdoor
coils.
• Inspection of the indoor coil drain pan, plus the primary
and secondary drain lines. If supplied, the auxiliary drain pan
and line should be inspected at this time. Service should
include cleaning if required.
• A check of all electrical wiring and connections.
• A check for secure physical connections of individual components within units.
• Operational check of the heat pump system to determine
actual working condition. Necessary repair and/or adjustment should be performed at this time.
• Your servicing dealer may offer an economical service
contract that covers seasonal inspections. Ask for further
details.
OUTDOOR COIL—SEA COAST
If your unit is located near the ocean, special maintenance
is required. Ocean mist/breeze carries salt, which is corrosive to most metals. Although your new unit is made out of
galvanized metal and is protected by top-grade paint, you
should take the precaution of additional maintenance which
consists of periodically washing the unit. By washing all
exposed surfaces and coil, you will be adding additional life
to your unit. Please consult your installing contractor for
proper intervals/procedures for your geographic area or
service contact.
UNIT SUPPORT
Your split-system outdoor unit should be maintained at a level position. If its support should shift or settle so that the unit
is no longer level, you should correct the condition. Relevel
it promptly to assure condensate drainage out of the unit. If
you notice that water or ice collects beneath the unit,
arrange for it to be drained away from the unit.
BEFORE YOU REQUEST A “SERVICE CALL”
FOR THE RECORD
BEFORE YOU CALL FOR SERVICE, CHECK FOR
THESE EASILY SOLVED PROBLEMS:
Record the model, product, and serial numbers of your new
equipment in the spaces provided. This information, along
with the other ready-reference facts requested will be necessary should you ever require information or service.
• Check the indoor and outdoor disconnect switches. Verify
that circuit breakers are ON or that fuses have not blown.
5
INSTALLATION DATA
MODULAR INDOOR UNIT, if Applicable:
Date Installed
Blower—Product No.
Dealer Name
Model No.
Address
Serial No.
City
State
Zip
Coil—Product No.
Telephone
Model No.
SPLIT-SYSTEM
Serial No.
Outdoor Unit:
Product No.
Heater—Product No.
Model No.
Model No.
Serial No.
Serial No.
Indoor Unit or Coil:
Product No.
Model No.
Serial No.
HEATING & COOLING
TO OBTAIN INFORMATION ON PARTS: Consult your installing dealer or classified section of your local telephone directory under the
“Heating Equipment’’ or “Air Conditioning Contractors & Systems’’ headings for dealer listing by brand name.
Have available the Model No., Series Letter & Serial No. of your equipment to insure correct replacement part.
Carrier Corporation
Syracuse, New York 13221
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations .
Copyright 1993 Carrier Corporation
Form: OM38-32
Replaces: New
0993
Printed in the U.S.A.
6-92
PC 101
Catalog No. 533-875
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