view.download

JUST SOLAR PV MODULE INSTALLATION MANUAL
1.
INTRODUCTION
The user manual contains information regarding the installation and safe handling of Justsolar PV modules . All instructions should be read and understood
before attempting installation. If there are any questions, please contact your dealer or Just solar for further information. The installer should conform to all
safety precautions in the manual when installing modules. Before installing a solar PV system, the installer should become familiar with the mechanical and
electrical requirements for PV system. Keep this user manual in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
GENERAL USE


INSTALLATION
DO NOT use the PV module where failure could result in death,
personal injury or damage to property.
Make certain that PV module conforms to the specifications for the
total system.
GENERAL HANDLING









2.
A.



Handle the PV module with care.
DO NOT disassemble the PV module.
DO NOT alter or remove any component.
DO NOT bend the PV module.
DO NOT stand or step on a module to avoid personal injury and the
damage to a module.
DO NOT impact on front or rear surface of the PV module. Rear
surface may be damaged by sharp objects.
DO NOT throw and drop the PV module.
DO NOT touch live parts of wires, cables, connectors, or junction
boxes. Be sure the circuit breaker is off if it is applicable. Always use
appropriate safety equipment (insulated tools, insulating gloves,
insulating shoes, etc.).
DO NOT use the cables or connectors as a handle.









Installers should be qualified personnel who are experienced with
electrical work and the installation of PV systems.
DO NOT use damaged PV modules. A damaged PV module may
cause a fire or an electrical shock with personal injury or even death.
DO NOT expose the PV module to artificially concentrated sunlight.
Cover the front surface of the PV module with an opaque cloth or
other material when installing and repairing. The PV module exposed
to sunlight generates a high voltage and current. Contact with the
module output wiring may cause a fire or an electrical shock.
Fasten the PV modules to the mounting frame firmly so that the
modules will not be affected by wind and snow loads. The frame
should meet relevant building standards.
DO NOT block frame drain holes at each corner of module.
Ground securely the PV modules and the mounting frame.
Install the PV modules securely and properly to avoid accidents with
personal injury or even death and damage to property by
accumulated snow.
Connect a circuit breaker or some equipment to detect the leakage
current and then break the circuit.
MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
SELECTING THE LOCATION
Select a suitable location for installation of the module.
For optimum performance, the module must be facing true south in
northern latitudes and true north in southern latitudes.
For detailed information on optimal module orientation, refer to
standard solar PV installation guides or a reputable solar installer or
systems integrator.


The modules should not be shaded at any time of the day.
DO NOT install the module near equipment or in locations where
flammable gases can be be generated or collected.
B.
SELECTING THE PROPER MOUNTING STRUCTURE AND HARDWARE

Observe all instructions and safety precautions included with the
mounting system to be used with the modules.

DO NOT drill holes in the glass surface of the modules. Doing so will
void the warranty.

DO NOT drill additional mounting holes in the module frame. Doing
so will void the warranty.
C.



Modules must be securely attached to the mounting structure using
four mounting points for normal installation. If heavy wind or snow
loads are anticipated, additional mounting points should also be used.
Please see the drawing below.
Load calculations are the responsibility of the system designer or
installer.
The mounting structure and hardware must be made of durable,
corrosion- and UV- resistant material.
MOUNTING METHODS
a. MOUNTING WITH BOLTS


Use the 4 corner holes of the PV module to bolt (M8) to the mounting
frame.
When more strength is required, use all 8 holes on two long sides.


Use spring washers and flat washers to fasten the PV module.
Install the PV module securely such as fastening the appropriate
bolts with double nuts and locking washers.
Fig. 1 Mounting to frame (Reference)
1/4
www.just-solar.net
b. MOUNTING WITH CLIPS






Base profile should be placed in perpendicular to the longer side
frame of module in principle.
Module shall be fixed at 4 places or more on the longer side frames.
Refer to the figure and table for the allowable area to be fixed.
Close the gap between the material and frame, and secure without
losing by M6 or larger bolts (M8) for where the heavy snow load is
expected.
The clip centerlines must be between 1/8L and 1/4L on the long sides
of the modules.
Note that the mounting clips should meet the minimum dimensions
(catch width of 5mm and length of 30mm).



Use the clipping material with sufficient strength and the shape that
can withstand forces from wind pressure and snowfall pressure
specific to local climate.
The tightening torque (using stainless steel M8) must be more than
15 Nm.
Add some measure to prevent the module from unfastening or sliding
down so that the fallen module doesn’t cause any damage for person
or property.
Fig. 2 Clipping method


3.
c. INSTALLATION SUPPORT AT SEA-SIDE(SAIL MIST AND HIGH WIND) CONDITION
If mounting with bolts, all 8 mounting holes must be used with M8
bolts.
If mounting with clamps, the tightening torque (using stainless steel
M8) must be more than 15 Nm.


The oxidation film of PV modules’ frame must be more than 16
micron.
All mounting structure and installation components must be hot
galvanized before used.
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION
WARNING
Safety class in accordance with IEC 61140
Only authorized and trained personnel should have access to PV modules. The system involves electricity, and can be dangerous if the personnel are not
familiar with the appropriate safety procedures.
A.
GROUNDING

All module frames must be properly grounded.

Observe all local electric codes and regulations.

A bonding or toothed washer is required to make proper and reliable
electrical grounding connection with the anodized aluminum frame.
a.


Devices listed and identified for grounding metallic frames of PV
modules are permitted to ground the exposed metallic frames of the
module to grounded mounting structure.
Grounding the module properly as appropriate for the conditions t the
installation site.
Method #1


Secure the stainless steel screw to the grounding hole.

As shown in the figure 3, copper wire should be compressed by the
screw head.

Stainless steel washer with appropriate corrosion resistant coating
should be inserted between copper wire and the frame to avoid
galvanic corrosion.
Proper cupped washer should be inserted between copper wire and
screw head.
Fig. 3 Grounding method #1
2/4
www.just-solar.net
b.

Method #2

If the mounting holes are not used to fix the module, one of them can
be used for grounding.
The appropriate device like “grounding lug” as shown in the figure 4
should be secured by stainless steel bolt, nut and washers.

Toothed washer shall be inserted between the nut and the frame to
break the anodized layer of frame.
Stainless steel washer with appropriate corrosion resistant coating
should be inserted between the grounding lug and frame.

Fig. 4 Grounding method #2
WARNING


DO NOT short the positive and negative cables.
Make sure connectors are fully engaged without a gap between the
insulators and shall be locked. In case there is a gap, a fire or an
eletrical shock may occur.
CAUTION


The PV module has a pair of male and female waterproof
connectors. For a series electrical connection, connect the positive
connector of the first PV module to the negative connector of the
following module.
Connect the output cable to the other equipment in the system
correctly.
Connect the required number of PV modules to meet the voltage
specification for equipment used in the PV system.


Wire the output cable connectors so that they do not exert any force
or pressure on the PV module’s junction box. Attach the cable to the
mounting frame using approved fasteners. The connectors should
be placed behind the mounting frame so that the connectors can’t
be directly exposed to sunlight, wind and rain.
To extend the cable, use proper commercial cables and connectors
that can withstand outdoor use for long periods. Select the
appropriate cable size according to its length to avoid voltage drop.

Note: For field connection use minimum No. 10 AWG copper wires insulated for a minimum of 90°C.
B.
ELECTRICAL RATINGS OF THE CONCERNED MODULES
Type
JST-M160M
JST- M165M
JST- M170M
JST-M175M
JST-M180M
Max Power Pm(W)
160
165
170
175
180
185
Max-Power Voltage Vm(V)
34.9
35.6
35.8
36.2
36.8
37.5
Max-Power Current Im(A)
4.60
4.65
4.76
4.85
4.90
4.95
Open-Circuit Voltage Voc(V)
42.8
43.2
43.6
43.9
44.2
44.5
Short-Circuit Current Isc(A)
5.15
5.20
5.25
5.30
5.35
5.40
15.0%
15.5%
16.0%
16.5%
17.0%
17.5%
Cell Efficiency
Maximum System Voltage(V)
1000(TUV)/600(UL)
Maximum Series Fuse Rating(A)
15
Power Tolerance
Type
±3%
JST-M180P
JST-M190P
JST-M200P
Max Power Pm(W)
180
190
200
210
Max-Power Voltage Vm(V)
26.5
26.8
27.2
27.5
Max-Power Current Im(A)
6.80
7.10
7.36
7.63
Open-Circuit Voltage Voc(V)
32.4
32.5
32.7
32.8
Short-Circuit Current Isc(A)
7.60
7.72
7.86
7.98
13.7%
14.5%
15.2%
16.0%
Cell Efficiency
Maximum System Voltage(V)
Maximum Series Fuse Rating(A)
Power Tolerance
JST-M185M
JST-M210P
1000(TUV)/600(UL)
20
±3%
3/4
www.just-solar.net
Type
JST-M200P
JST-M210P
JST-M220P
JST-M230P
JST-M240P
Max Power Pm(W)
200
210
220
230
240
Max-Power Voltage Vm(V)
29.5
29.5
30
30
30
Max-Power Current Im(A)
6.90
7.20
7.40
7.66
8.00
Open-Circuit Voltage Voc(V)
36.0
36.0
36.6
37.0
37.4
Short-Circuit Current Isc(A)
7.60
7.80
8.10
8.38
8.55
13.70%
14.4%
15.1%
15.8%
16.4%
Cell Efficiency
Maximum System Voltage(V)
1000(TUV)/600(UL)
Maximum Series Fuse Rating(A)
20
Power Tolerance
Type
±3%
JST-M250P
JST-M260P
JST-M270P
Max Power Pm(W)
250
260
270
280
Max-Power Voltage Vm(V)
34.6
34.8
35
35.2
Max-Power Current Im(A)
7.23
7.47
7.71
7.95
Open-Circuit Voltage Voc(V)
43.7
44.0
44.5
44.8
Short-Circuit Current Isc(A)
7.98
8.09
8.20
8.33
14.3%
14.8%
15.4%
16.0%
Cell Efficiency
Maximum System Voltage(V)
Maximum Series Fuse Rating(A)
Power Tolerance
JST-M280P
1000(TUV)/600(UL)
20
±3%
Note: The electrical characteristics are within +/-10% of the indicated values of Isc, Voc and Pm under Standard Test Conditions (Irradiance of 1000W/㎡, AM
1.5 spectrums and a cell temperature of 25℃).
4.
MAINTENANCE
Just solar recommends the following maintenance items to ensure optimum performance of the module:



DO NOT touch live parts of wires, cables, connectors and junction
boxes. Be sure the circuit breaker is off, if it is applicable. Always use
appropriate safety equipment (insulated tools, insulated gloves, etc.).
Clean the glass surface of the modules as necessary. Use water and
a soft sponge or cloth for cleaning. A mild, non-abrasive cleaning
agent can be used if necessary. Do not use dishwasher detergent.
Electrical and mechanical connections should be checked
periodically by qualified personnel to verify that they are clean,




secure and undamaged.
Check if nuts, bolts of mounting frame are secure and not loose.
Tighten all loose components.
Check connections of cables, grounding cables and connectors.
Check all electrical and mechanical connections for freedom from
corrosion.
Check the grounding resistance of metal parts such as the module
frame and the mounting frame.
ATTENSION


Do NOT concentrate solar light on the module as it has not been designed for this use
Just solar PV modules are qualified for safety through IEC 61730
- 1 and within this application class is considered to meet the requirements of IEC 61730


Just solar PV module assembly is to be mounted over a fire resistant roof covering rated for the application
Under normal conditions, a photovoltaic module is likely to experience conditions that produce more current and/or voltage than reported at standard
test conditions. Accordingly, the values of ISC and VOC marked on this module should be multiplied by a factor of 1.25 when determining component
voltage ratings, conductor ampacities, fuse sizes and size of controls connected to the PV output.
class A (class II).
WARNING
Failure to perform the checks and minimum maintenance operations established in this instruction manual will lead to the withdrawal of all guarantees of
JUST SOLAR CO., LIMITED. for any responsibilities which may be derived from such failure.
4/4
www.just-solar.net
Download PDF