Foxconn SiIicon 3132 SATA RAID manual

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Foxconn SiIicon 3132 SATA RAID manual | Manualzz

RAID Manual

Edition

V1.0 P/N: 91-187-NF4-7A-0E

Trademarks

All brand or product names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Contents

NVIDIA RAID ........................................................................................1

RAID Arrays ...............................................................................................................1

Install Hard Disks ....................................................................................................3

Basic Configuration Instructions ...........................................................................4

Setting Up the BIOS .................................................................................................5

Entering the RAID BIOS Setup ...............................................................................6

NVIDIA RAID Utility Installation ............................................................................ 10

Initializing and Using the Disk Array ................................................................... 13

Using The NVRAIDMAN Utility ............................................................................. 14

Win2K Limitation with Bootable RAID ................................................................ 20

SiIicon 3132 SATA RAID (optional)

Introduction ............................................................................................................ 22

Creating and Deleting RAID Sets ....................................................................... 22

Install Windows 2000/XP with RAID ................................................................... 28

Install RAID Driver................................................................................................. 28

NVIDIA RAID

RAID Arrays

This section describes the following types of RAID arrays that NVIDIA RAID supports:

• RAID 0

RAID 0 defines a disk striping scheme that improves the disk read and write times for many applications.

• RAID 1

RAID 1 defines techniques for mirroring data.

• RAID 0+1

RAID 0+1 combines the techniques used in RAID 0 and RAID 1 arrays.

• Spanning (JBOD)

JBOD provides a method for combining drives of different sizes into one large disk.

• RAID 5

RAID 5 stripes both data and parity information across three or more drives.

Summary of RAID Configurations

Array

RAID 0

RAID 1

Advantages

Drawbacks

High data throughput.

No fault tolerance.

100% data

Requires two drives for redundancy.

the storage space of one drive.

RAID

0+1

JBOD

RAID 5

Optimized for both

Requires two drives for

100% data redunthe storage space dancy and of one drive—the same performance. Allows as RAID level 1.

spare disks.

Combines and uses the capacity of odd size drives.

Decreases performance because of the difficulty in using drives concurrently or to opti-

Fault tolerance and better utilization of disk space.

mize drives for different uses.

Decreased write performanc e due t o par it y calculations.Requires at reast three drives.

# Hard Disks

multiple

Fault Tolerance

No

2

4+ multiple

3+

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

1

NVIDIA RAID offers the following additional features:

• Free Disk and Dedicated Spare Disk

A Free Disk or Dedicated Disk can be automatically used in case one drive of a faulttolerant array fails. NVIDIA RAID defines a fault-tolerant array as either RAID 1 or

RAID 0+1. A free disk can be used by any available fault-tolerant array, while a dedicated disk can be used only by the array to which it is assigned.

• RAID Across PATA and SATA

NVIDIA RAID can span across both Parallel ATA as well as Serial ATA controllers.

RAID operations can be performed on Parallel ATA hard drives, Serial ATA hard drives, or both Parallel and Serial ATA hard drives.

• Bootable RAID

NVIDIA RAID can be configured in a way to make it bootable. For example, two hard drives can be configured as a bootable mirrored RAID array.

• RAID on Multiple Disk Controllers

Unlike other RAID solutions that limits the user to a dedicated RAID controller,

NVIDIA RAID software can use a drive on one RAID controller and another drive on a second RAID controller.

• Morphing

Morphing is the ability to convert from one RAID mode to another RAID mode. This allows the user to upgrade their current disk or array for better performance, higher security, and increased capacity. More importantly, this is accomplished without having to go through multiple steps. The morphing feature gives the user an upgradeable option to manage storage easily.

• Hot Plug Array

Hot plug, with respect to RAID, is the ability to add a disk to a system safely and without causing problems for the RAID software. For example, when a drive in a mirrored array fails, a user can launch the Hot Plug Array Wizard which instructs the user as to when a drive can be added safely to the system. As soon as the drive is added, the user can then finish running the RAID wizard and the drive becomes useable by the system.

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Install Hard Disks

Install SATA hard disks:

STEP 1: Install one SATA hard disk into one drive bay.

STEP 2: Connect one end of the SATA data cable to the motherboard’s one of

SATA connectors.

STEP 3: Connect the other end of the SATA data cable to the SATA hard disk.

STEP 4: Connect the power cable to the SATA hard disk.

STEP 5: Following step 1/2/3/4 to install the other SATA hard disks.

Install Parallel hard disks:

STEP 1: Setting one IDE hard disks as Master/Slave mode.

STEP 2: Install the hard disks into one drive bay.

STEP 3: Connect one end of the IDE cable to the motherboard’s one of IDE connectors.

STEP 4: Connect the other end of the IDE cable to the IDE hard disk.

STEP 5: Connect the power cable to the IDE hard disk.

STEP 6: Following step 1/2/3/4 to install the other IDE hard disks.

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Basic Configuration Instructions

The following are the basic steps for configuring NVIDIA RAID:

Non-Bootable RAID Array

1. Choose the hard disks that are to be RAID enabled in the system BIOS.

2. Specify the RAID level, either Mirroring (RAID 1), Striping (RAID 0), Stripe Mirroring

(RAID 0+1), Spanning (JBOD) , or RAID 5 and create the desired RAID array.

3. Install the operating system on one hard disk, then reboot the computer.

4. Run the Windows nForce Setup application and install the RAID driver.

5. Initialize the NVRAID Array.

Bootable RAID Array

1. Choose the hard disks that are to be RAID enabled in the system BIOS.

2. Specify the RAID level, either Mirroring (RAID 1), Striping (RAID 0), Mirrored Striping (RAID 0+1), Spanning (JBOD), or RAID 5 and create the desired RAID array.

3. Boot from the Windows CD, then press F6 when the Windows Setup appears.

4. Insert the RAID driver floppy to Install the nForce RAID driver.

5. Initialize the NVRAID Array.

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Setting Up the BIOS

1. Start up the computer, then press Delete to enter the BIOS setup. Use the arrow keys to select Integrated Peripheras, then press Enter,use the arrow keys to select the IDE Function Setup,then press Enter.

2. Use the arrow keys to select the RAID Configuration, then press Enter.

3. From the RAID Configuration window,enabled the RAID Enable,the other items would be light, then you can enable the disk that you want to use as RAID disk.

4. Press F10 to save the configuration and exit.

5

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Entering the RAID BIOS Setup

1. After rebooting your PC, wait until you see the RAID software prompting you to press F10. The RAID prompt appears as part of the system POST and boot process prior to loading OS.

2. Press <N>, and the NVIDIA RAID Utility --- Define a New Array window will appear.

The default RAID Mode is set to Mirroring and the default Striping Block is set to

Optimal.

Understanding the “Define a New Array” Window

Use the Define a New Array window to

• Select the RAID Mode

• Set up the Striping Block

• Specify which disks to use for the RAID Array

Depending on the platform used, the system have one or more channels. In a typical system there are usually one controller and multiple channels, and each channel have a slave and a master.

The channel/controller/master/slave status of each hard disk is given in the Loc

(location) columns of the Free Disks and Array Disks lists.

1. 0. M

M: Master

S: Slave

0: Channel

Adapter - adapter 0 is used for PATA drives

1 and above is used for SATA drives.

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In the example above, 1.0.M means the hard drive is attached to Adapter 1,

Channel 0, and the drive is set to Master. The following is a list of all possible combinations:

Parallel ATA

0.0.M

0.0.S

0.1.M

0.1.S

Adapter 0, Channel 0, Master

Adapter 0, Channel 0, Slave

Adapter 0, Channel 1, Master

Adapter 0, Channel 1, Slave

Serial ATA

1.0.M

Adapter 1, Channel 0, Master

1.1.M

Adapter 1, Channel 1, Slave

2.0.M

2.1.M

Adapter 2, Channel 0, Master

Adapter 2, Channel 1, Slave

Note: There is no such thing as Slave drive in Serial ATA. All drives are considered to be Master since there is a one to one connection between the drive and the controller.

Using the Define a New Array Window

If necessary, press the tab key to move from field to field until the appropriate field is highlighted.

• Selecting the RAID Mode

By default, this is set to [Mirroring]. Change to a different RAID mode, press the down arrow keys until the mode that you want appears in the RAID Mode box— either [Mirroring], [Striping], [Spanning], [Stripe Mirroring],or [RAID 5] .

• Selecting the Striping Block Size

Striping Block size is given in kilobytes, and affects how data is arranged on the disk. It is recommended to leave this value at the default [Optimal], which is 32KB, but the values can be between [4 KB] and [128 KB].

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• Assigning the Disks

The disks that you enabled from the RAID Config BIOS setup page appear in the

Free Disks block. These are the drives that are available for use as RAID array.

To designate a free disk to be used as a RAID array:

1. Tab to the Free Disks section. The first disk in the list is selected.

2. Move it from the Free Disks block to the Array Disks block by pressing the right arrow key (

). The first disk in the list is moved, and the next disk in the list is selected and ready to be moved.

3. Continue pressing the right-arrow key (

) until all the disks that you want to use as RAID array appear in the Array Disks block.

It shows that two disks have been assigned as RAID1 array disks in the figure above.

Completing the RAID BIOS Setup

1. After assigning your RAID array mode, press F7. The Clear disk data windows prompt appears.

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2. Press Y if you want to wipe out all the data from the RAID array, otherwise press

N. You must choose Yes if the drives were previously used as RAID drives.

The Array List window appears, where you can review the RAID arrays that you have set up.

3. Use the arrow keys to select the array that you want to set up, then press Enter.

The Array Detail window appears.

4. If you want to mark this disk as empty and wipe out all its contents then press C.

5. At the prompt, press Y to wipe out all the data, otherwise press N.

6. Press Enter again to go back to the previous window and then press [Ctrl+X] to exit the RAID setup.

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NVIDIA RAID Utility Installation

Installing the NVIDIA RAID Software Under Windows (for Non-bootable RAID Array)

This section describes how to setup the application and install the RAID software which will upgrade the Windows IDE driver and install the RAID driver.

1. Start the nForce Setup program to open the NVIDIA Windows nForce Drivers page.

2. Select the modules that you want to install. Select the relative options that you have configured.

3. Click Next and then follow the instructions.

4. After the installation is completed, be sure to reboot the PC.

5. After the reboot, initialize the newly created array.

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Installing the RAID Driver (for bootable RAID Array)

1. After you complete the RAID BIOS setup, boot from the Windows CD, and the

Windows Setup program starts.

2. Press F6 and wait for the Windows Setup screen to appear.

3. Specify the NVIDIA drivers:

(1) Insert the floppy that has the RAID driver, press S, then press Enter. The Windows Setup screen appears as below:

(2) Select “NVIDIA RAID CLASS DRIVER(required)” and then press Enter.

(3) Press S again at the Specify Devices (required) screen, then press Enter.

(4) Select “NVIDIA NForce Storage Controller” and then press Enter. The following

Windows Setup screen appears listing both drivers:

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4. Press Enter to continue with operating system Installation. Be sure to copy the files from the floppy is complete, then take out the floppy.

5. Follow the instructions on how to install operating system. During the GUI portion of the installation you might be prompted to click Yes to install the RAID driver. Click

Yes as many times as needed in order to finish the installation. This will not be an issue with a signed driver.

Note: Each time you add a new hard drive to a RAID array, the RAID driver will have to be installed under Windows once for that hard drive. After that, the driver will not have to be installed.

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Initializing and Using the Disk Array

The RAID array is now ready to be initialized under Windows.

1. Launch Computer Management by clicking “Start

Settings

Control

Panel” then open the “Administrative Tools” folder and double click on “Computer

Management”.

2. Follow screen instructions to install. While finished, the “Computer Management” window appears.

The actual disks listed will depend on your system, and the unallocated partition is the total combined storage of two hard disks. You must format the unallocated disk space in order to use it.

3. Format the unlocated disk space. Right click “Unallocated space”, select “New

Partition…” and follow the wizard. After the drive has been formatted, it is ready for use.

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Using The NVRAIDMAN Utility

About the NVIDIA RAID Management Utility

The NVIDIA RAID software ships with an application called NVRAIDMAN. This chapter describes the NVRAIDMAN tasks in the following sections:

• Viewing RAID Array Configurations

View an array configuration (mirrored, striped, mirrored-striped, JBOD, or

any supported combination)

• Setting Up a Spare RAID Disk

• View free and/or dedicated free disks

• Designate a free disk to a particular array

• Rebuilding a RAID Array

• Rebuild a broken mirrored array

• Watch the progress of rebuilding of an array

Viewing RAID Array Configurations

To view your RAID configuration from Windows, launch the NVIDIA RAID Management utility by double-clicking NVRAIDMAN that in the driver cd.

The RAID configuration information appears in the right-side pane, as shown in following picture:

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Setting Up a Spare RAID Disk

You can designate a hard drive to be used as a spare drive for a RAID 1 or RAID

0+1 array2. The spare drive can take over for a failed disk. NVIDIA RAID supports two types of spare drives:

• Free Disk

A free disk is a disk that is not part of any RAID array, but can be used by any available RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 array that requires a particular disk when one of its disks crashes or becomes unusable. The process is automatic and doesn’t require any user interaction.

For example, if you have a system with four hard disks where one disk is used to boot the OS, two hard drives are set up in a mirrored array, and a fourth hard disk is set up as a free disk, then if one of the mirrored array drives fails, the free disk will be automatically assigned to the mirrored array to be used instead of the failed disk.

• Dedicated Disk

A dedicated free disk is a disk that is assigned to a RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 array and that disk is used by that array only when needed, for example during a system crash where a RAID mirrored drive is broken. The dedicated disk can be used only by the array that it is assigned to and not by any other array, unlike a free disk which can be used by any available RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 array.

Note: You must have at least two RAID arrays to use this feature.

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Assigning a Free Disk

To mark a disk as free, or not a part of any array,

1. Enter the system BIOS setup and make sure that the drive that you want to mark as free is RAID enabled.

2. Enter the RAID BIOS and make sure that the drive is not part of any array (if one exists).

3. Boot into Windows and run the NVRAIDMAN program. The drive appears under the Free Disk section.

Assigning a Dedicated Disk

To mark a disk as dedicated, or reserve it for use by a specific array, you must have at least one free disk and you must also have at least two RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 arrays created. In this example, there are four SATA drives and two PATA drives which are

RAID enabled. Four SATA drives are used to create two mirrored arrays, while two

PATA drives are used as free disks.

Step 1: Mark the Disk as a Free Disk

1. Enter the system BIOS setup and make sure that the drive that you want to mark as free is RAID enabled.

2. Boot into Windows and run the NVRAIDMAN program. If the disk is not part of any

RAID array, then it will appear under the Free Disk section of the RAID GUI.

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Step 2: Dedicate the Free Disk to an Array

While running NVRAIDMAN, dedicate a free disk to an array by doing the following:

1. Right click one of the available free disks under the Free Disk section.

2. Select Designate Spare from the menu to launch the Spare Disk Allocation Wizard.

3. Click Next. The RAID Array Selection page appears.

4. From the RAID Array Selection page, select one of the arrays from the list. This is the array to which you want to allocate the dedicated free disk.

5. Click Next. The Completing the NVIDIA Spare Disk Allocation page appears.

6. Click Finish.

Removing a Dedicated Disk

Once a dedicated disk has been assigned to a particular array, it can be removed at any time. To remove the disk, right click on the dedicated disk and select the option to remove it.

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Rebuilding a RAID Array

Rebuilding is the process of recovering data from one hard drive to another. All data is copied from one hard drive to another and then the data is synchronized between the two hard drives. This applies only to RAID 1 as well as a RAID 0+1 arrays.

Rebuilding Instructions

After creating a mirrored array, you can rebuild the array using the following steps:

1. Go to Windows and run the NVIDIA RAID Management utility. Below picture shows an example of a system with one mirrored array and two free disks.

2. Right-click on Mirroring. The pop-up menu appears.

3. From the popup menu, click Rebuild Array. The NVIDIA Rebuild Array Wizard appears.

4. Click Next. The Disk Selection page appears.

5. Select the drive that you want to rebuild by clicking it from the list, then click Next.

The Completing the NVIDIA Rebuild Array page appears.

6. Click Finish.

The array rebuilding starts after a few seconds, and a small pop-up message appears towards the bottom right corner of the screen. When the rebuilding process is finished you will see the pop up box.

During the rebuilding process, the NVIDIA RAID Management utility screen shows the status under the System Tasks and Details sections.

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More About Rebuilding Arrays

• Rebuilding Occurs in the Background

The rebuilding process takes some time to complete, and occurs in the background so as not to affect the performance of the system.

• Rebuilding Applies Only to RAID 1 or RAID 0+1 Arrays

Rebuilding an array works only when using RAID 1 and/or RAID 0+1. Rebuilding does not apply to RAID 0 and JBOD arrays.

• Rebuilding applies to a degraded fault tolerant array

You can rebuild a degraded mirrored array using any available Free Disk or Dedicated Disk.

For example, below picture shows a mirrored array using two 34.48 GB drives while having two Free Disks each 55.90 GB large.

To use one of these available free disks to rebuild your array, follow the same steps as explained in “Rebuilding a RAID Array” except when prompted to select a disk, choose one of the two available free disks.

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Win2K Limitation with Bootable RAID

In Windows 2000 (Service Pack 2 or previous versions), the end user cannot install this operating system to a bootable RAID volume.

There are two solutions to resolve this issue.

I) Use the NVRAID Tool to convert the boot volume to a RAID array.

Here are the detailed step by step instructions:

1. Install Windows 2000 on a selected hard drive.

2. Download and install Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 from Microsoft’s website.

3. Reboot the system, press the DEL key as the system is rebooting to enter into the system BIOS.

4. Select Integrated Peripherals

RAID Config.

5. Enable RAID Config for the selected drive (the one containing the Windows 2000 operating system). Then press F10 to exit and save settings in the system BIOS

(This action reboots the System).

6. Press F10 as the system is rebooting to go into the RAID ROM(The system directs you into the NVIDIA RAID Utility).

7. Select Striping under RAID Mode. Press TAB to go into the Free Disk menu. You can use the Right Arrow key to add the desired disk.

8. After that, Press F7 to finish. Select N (NO) when asked to Clear Disk Data.

9. Then Press Ctrl-X to exit. The system reboots into Windows 2000.

10. Install the NVIDIA nForce Driver Package while in Windows 2000. Then reboot the system.

11. Go to START>Programs>NVIDIA Corporation and select NVRAID Manager.

You should see the single disk RAID array (in striping mode) that was created from the boot disk.

12. Select the single boot disk RAID Array by clicking on it.

13. Select Convert Array under the System Tasks. The Convert Array wizard is displayed. Then Select Next.

14. Select the desired type of RAID array you want to convert. Then Select Next.

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15. You are prompted to select the desired Free Disk(s) to add to the bootable RAID array. Click Finish.

At this point, NVRAID starts converting the single disk RAID array into a multi-disk

RAID array in a bootable format.

Note: Conversion may take 1-2 hours depending on disk size.

II) The user must create a combination installation CD that includes Windows

2000 and SP3 or SP4 fixes integrated in. To create the combination installation

CD, refer to the following website:

http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/downloads/servicepacks/sp4/HFdeploy.

htm

Note: If the end user chooses not to install Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 or 4, RAID is still supported on Windows 2000. However, the end user will not be able to create a bootable RAID volume.

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21

SiIicon 3132 SATA RAID (optional)

1. Introduction

Silicon Image’s SATARaid

TM

provides Serial ATA Software RAID including Striping and Mirroring to enhance the industry’s first proven PCI-to-SATA host controller product. Two major challenges facing the storage industry today are keeping pace with the increasing performance demands of computer systems by improving disk I/O throughput and providing data accessibility in the face of hard disk failures. With the SiI 3132 Serial ATA host controller and SATARaid, both of these problems are solved.

RAID Striping greatly improves hard disk I/O performance by concurrently Striping data across multiple drives. RAID Mirroring enables users to enjoy the confidence of data availability regardless of a single disk failure as data is simultaneously written to two drives.

Standard with SATARaid software is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that provides easy-to-use configurations for the different RAID Sets supported.

2. Creating and Deleting RAID Sets (SATA_5/SATA_6)

Creating and deleting RAID sets is a function found in the Raid Configuration

Utility - Silicon Image . During booting up, the following message will appear, pausing for a few moments to allow the user to choose what to do:

Press <Ctrl+S> or F4 to enter RAID utility

An easy-to-use screen will appear with the following choices in the top left:

Create RAID Set

Delete RAID Set

Rebuild RAID Set

Resolve Conflicts

Low Level Format

Logical Drive Info

22

Below this will be listed the drives currently installed on the system.

The top right half of the screen displays directions and comments for the user.

The bottom right half lists the command keys:

Arrows up and down are Select Keys

ESC takes the user to the previous menu

Enter selects the user’s choice

Ctrl-E exits the utility.

Create RAID Group is used to create a new legacy RAID Set or for allocating legacy spare drives.

Delete RAID Group is used to delete a legacy RAID Set or to deallocate a legacy spare drive.

Rebuild RAID 1 Set is used to initiate the rebuild of a RAID 1 set after, for example, a drive in the Group has been replaced.

Resolve Conflicts is used to automatically find the member drives of a RAID set which has been disrupted (physical drives swapped around, for example) and restore the Set to proper operation.

Low Level Format allows a single drive to have its data completely wiped out.

Drives assigned to Sets or allocated as spares cannot be low level formatted.

Logical Drive Info shows the current configuration of each RAID set, allocated spare, and unallocated physical drive attached to the SATA host adapter.

23

Creating RAID Sets (SATA5/6):

During the Power-On Self Test (POST), press the <Ctrl> and <S> keys or <F4> key simultaneously to enter the Raid Configuration Utility - Silicon Image. The following screen menu appears.

1. Switch the highlight bar to the Create RAID set and press the <Enter> key to create RAID set.

2. Switch the highlight bar to the Striped/Mirrored and press the <Enter> key to create RAID 0/1.

24

3.Select if you want the utility to Auto Configure the RAID Set or if you want to manually configure the RAID Set. For Striped Sets, you can change the chunk size. For Mirrored Sets, you assign which is the Source and Target drives, as well as if you want Disk Copy.

What is Disk Copy? If the disk assigned as the source disk already has been partitioned and has data stored on it, and then a second disk is added for redundancy, the data on the source drive can be copied to the destination drive, so the disks are identical, and all subsequent data will be written to both drives as a Mirrored set. If, however, the source disk does not have data already stored on it, there is no need for Disk Copy.

4. The utility will ask “Are You Sure?” before completing the configuration.

5. Press the <Y> key then will creat the Raid.

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Deleting RAID set:

1.

To remove one or more RAID sets select Delete RAID set and press the

<Enter> key.

2. Select desired set and press Y when asked “Are You Sure?”

26

Resolving Conflict

When a RAID set is created, the metadata written to the disk includes drive connection information (Primary Channel, Secondary Channel). If, after a disk failure, the replacement disk was previously part of a RAID set (or used in another system), it may have conflicting metadata, specifically in reference to the drive connection information. If so, this will prohibit the RAID set from being either created or rebuilt,

In order for the RAID set to function properly, this old metadata must be first overwritten with the new metadata. To resolve this, select “Resolve Conflict” and the correct metadata, including the correct drive connection information, will be written to the replacement disk.

Low Level Format

Selecting this item will format your hard disk.

27

3. Install Windows 2000/XP with RAID

1. Setup the desired RAID mode in BIOS setup.

2. Insert a WinXP installation CD.

3. Press the <F6> when the following words appear in screen:

Press F6 if you need to install a third party SCSI or RAID driver...

4. Insert the previous floppy disk (RAID driver installation disk).

5. Press <S> to continue.

6. Press <Enter> to continue.

4. Install RAID Driver

When you finish installing Operation System with RAID, in order to enable RAID function, you need to install RAID Driver. Pls refer to Chapter 4 of motherboard user manaul for installation steps.

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