KW4M Eco-POWER METER User`s Manual

【KW4M】
Basic setting to measure by Eco-POWER METER
When wiring the main unit and the current transformer (CT) and setting the basic setting after power on,
you can measure the power
The basic setting of MODE1 is necessary to measure.
In order to use the other functions, the settings of the each parameter are necessary.
What to do
Mount / Connection
How to use
Settings
Check measured
data with power
monitoring mode
6
Measure Power
Wire
communication
line
3
Check measured
time with power
monitoring mode
6
Set the basic settings (MODE1)
Wire output
line
3
Power on the main unit
Collect data
via RS485
Wire the main unit
Output Alarm
Connect the current transformer (CT)
Measure
ON-time and
OFF-time
Set alarm
output
(MODE1)
p.13
Set
communication
setting
(MODE3)
p.18
Check alarm
output
5.3
Check measured
data via
communication
device
7
3
p.13
3
Wire input
line
3
Select pulse
measurement for input
method setting mode
Count pulse
output from
other device
Set the parameter
for pulse
measurement
(MODE2)
p.17
p.13
Check count value
with power
monitoring mode
6
Cautions for Your Safety
Read the manual carefully before installing, running and maintenance for proper operation.
Before using, master the knowledge of the equipment, safety information and all of other
notes.
This manual uses two safety flags to indicate different levels of danger.
WARNING
A handling error could cause serious physical injury to an operator
and in the worst case could even be fatal.
●Always take precautions to ensure the overall safety of your system, so that the whole
system remains safe in the event of failure of this product or other external factor.
●Do not use this product in areas with inflammable gas. It could lead to an explosion.
●Exposing this product to excessive heat or open flames could cause damage to the
lithium battery or other electronic parts.
CAUTION
A handling error could cause serious physical injury to an operator
or damage to the equipment.
●To prevent abnormal exothermic heat or smoke generation, use this product at the
values less than the maximum of the characteristics and performance that are assured
in these specifications.
●Do not dismantle or remodel the product. It could lead to abnormal exothermic heat or
smoke generation.
●Do not touch the terminal while turning on electricity. It could lead to an electric shock.
●Use the external devices to function the emergency stop and interlock circuit.
●Connect the wires or connectors securely. The loose connection might cause abnormal
exothermic heat or smoke generation.
●Do not allow foreign matters such as liquid, flammable materials, metals to go into the
inside of the product. It might cause exothermic heat or smoke generation.
●Do not undertake construction (such as connection and disconnection) while the power
supply is on.
●Do not use at secondary side circuit of inverter. It might cause exothermic heat or
damage.
Copyright and trademark
●Panasonic Industrial Devices SUNX Co., Ltd. owns the copyright of this manual.
●We stiffly refuse the reproduction of without permission from this manual.
●Modbus Protocol is a communication protocol that the Modicon Inc.developed for PLC.
● Other company names and the product names are the trademarks or registered
trademarks of each company.
Introduction
Thank you for indeed for purchasing “KW4M Eco-POWER
METER” for this time.
In this manual, we explain the usage of “KW4M
Eco-POWER METER” in detail.
Please use it correctly after understanding the content
enough.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Unit’s Features and Structure ..................................................................................................1
1.1 Features................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Unit’s Name and Model Numbers............................................................................................................ 1
1.2.1 Main unit ......................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2.2 Option ............................................................................................................................................. 1
1.3 Measurement items ................................................................................................................................. 2
Chapter 2 Parts Name and Working.........................................................................................................3
2.1 Parts Names ............................................................................................................................................ 3
2.2 Keys’ Function ......................................................................................................................................... 3
Chapter 3 Wiring ......................................................................................................................................4
3.1 Terminal arrangement ............................................................................................................................. 4
3.2 Power measurement................................................................................................................................ 5
3.3 Pulse measurement................................................................................................................................. 8
3.4 For Output connection ............................................................................................................................. 9
3.5 For Wiring terminal................................................................................................................................... 9
3.6 RS485 communication........................................................................................................................... 10
3.7 Low Voltage Directive ............................................................................................................................ 11
Chapter 4 Settings..................................................................................................................................12
4.1 Operation procedure.............................................................................................................................. 12
4.2 Setting Mode Explanation...................................................................................................................... 14
4.2.1 MODE (Select input method) ....................................................................................................... 14
4.2.2 MODE1 (Mode for setting each parameter for power measurement).......................................... 14
4.2.3 MODE2 (Mode for setting each parameter for pulse measurement)........................................... 18
4.2.4 5-2-4 MODE3 (Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication (RS-485))............ 19
4.2.5 MODE4 (Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function) ............................................ 20
Chapter 5 Various Functions ..................................................................................................................21
5.1 LOCK mode ........................................................................................................................................... 21
5.2 CT Direction Notification (POWER Measurement)................................................................................ 21
5.3 Counter function (PULSE measurement) .............................................................................................. 21
5.3.1 Output depends on integral electric power................................................................................... 21
5.3.2 Output depends on count value ................................................................................................... 21
5.4 Counter function (Pulse measurement) ................................................................................................. 22
5.4.1 Operation mode............................................................................................................................ 22
5.4.2 Change the Preset Value ............................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 6 Display of each Value ............................................................................................................23
6.1 Instantaneous electric power / Integral Electrical energy ...................................................................... 23
6.2 Current ................................................................................................................................................... 24
6.3 Voltage................................................................................................................................................... 24
6.4 Electricity Charge................................................................................................................................... 25
6.5 Hour Meter ............................................................................................................................................. 25
6.6 Count Value / Preset Value ................................................................................................................... 26
Chapter 7 Communications ....................................................................................................................27
7.1 Communication Procedures .................................................................................................................. 27
7.2 Communication timing ........................................................................................................................... 27
7.3 MEWTOCOL communication ................................................................................................................ 28
7.3.1 Overview of MEWTOCOL-COM (RS-485)................................................................................... 28
7.3.2 Data Register List......................................................................................................................... 29
7.3.3 Error Codes .................................................................................................................................. 30
7.3.4 Command ..................................................................................................................................... 30
7.4 MODBUS (RTU) Communication .......................................................................................................... 32
7.4.1 Overview of MODBUS (RTU)....................................................................................................... 32
7.4.2 Data Register List......................................................................................................................... 35
Chapter 8 Specifications.........................................................................................................................37
8.1 Main unit ................................................................................................................................................ 37
8.2 Input Specifications................................................................................................................................ 38
8.2.1 Power Input .................................................................................................................................. 38
8.2.2 Pulse input specifications ............................................................................................................. 39
8.3 Pulse output (Transistor output) Specifications ..................................................................................... 39
8.4 Communication Specifications............................................................................................................... 39
8.5 Self-diagnostic function.......................................................................................................................... 40
8.6 Applicable standard ............................................................................................................................... 40
8.7 Dedicated Current Transformer Specifications...................................................................................... 40
Chapter 9 Mounting ................................................................................................................................42
9.1 Dimensions ............................................................................................................................................ 42
9.1.1 Main unit ....................................................................................................................................... 42
9.1.2 Dedicated CT ............................................................................................................................... 44
Chapter 10 Q&A .....................................................................................................................................47
Cautions before using
■ Installation environment
◇Do not use the Unit in the following environments.
・Where the unit will be exposed to direct sunlight and where the ambient temperature is outside
the range of -10 to 50 C.
・Where the ambient humidity is outside the range of 30 to 85 % RH (at 20℃ non-condensing)
and where condensation might occur by sudden temperature changes
・Where inflammable or corrosive gas might be produced
・Where the unit will be exposed to excessive airborne dust or metal particles
・Where the unit will be exposed to water, oil or chemicals
・Where organic solvents such as benzene, paint thinner, alcohol, or strong alkaline solutions
such as ammonia or caustic soda might adhere to the product
・Where direct vibration or shock might be transmitted to the product, and where water might wet
the product
・Where the place near high-voltage cable, high-voltage device, power line, power device.
・Where the place near a machinery with transmission function such as amateur radio.
・Where the place near a machinery which occurs the big switching serge
◇Please use the Unit according to the specifications described in this manual. Otherwise, it
may malfunction or cause fire and an electric shock.
・Connect to the power supply in compliance with the rating.
・Refer to the wiring diagram to ensure proper wiring for the power supply, input and output.
・Do not perform wiring or installation with a live line. It may also lead to circuit burnout or fire by
way of the secondary CT side opening.
■ Installation
・Installation and wiring must be performed by expert personnel for electrical work or electric
piping.
・The power supply terminal and voltage input terminal of the main unit is common. Therefore if
additional noise effects the power supply line, incorrect measurements may result.
・Eco-POWER METER is designed to be used in a control panel.
・Do not add an excess power to the display. It might break the inner liquid crystal.
■ As to measurement
・If there is some distortion by harmonic or waveform, it may not measure correctly.
Please check with the actual system before adopting it.
・This can’t measure the power that flows reverse such as a regenerative electric power.
If you measure a reverse power, it shows “0.00kW” and it doesn’t count.
・It might not measure an instantaneous current such as an inrush current or an welding machine.
・When measuring the below loads, it might not satisfy with the accuracy guarantee.
Out of rating current, Load with low power factor,
Load with winding current, Load with ferromagnetic field
■ Static electricity
・Discharge static electricity touching the grounded metal etc. when you touch the unit.
・Excessive static electricity might be generated especially in a dry place.
■ Cleaning
・Wipe dirt of the main unit with soft cloth etc. When thinner is used, the unit might deform or be
discolored.
■ Power supply
・Connect a breaker to the voltage input part for safety reasons and to protect the device.
The breaker that connects to the voltage input part must arrange at the position easily reached,
and display shows it is the breaker of the equipment.
・Do not turn on the power supply or input until all wiring is completed.
■ Before power on
Please note the following points when turning on power at the first time.
・Confirm there are neither wiring rubbish nor especially an electrical conduction when installed.
・Confirm neither the power supply wiring, the I/O wiring nor the power-supply voltage are wrong.
・Tighten the installation screw and the terminal screw surely.
・Use an electric wire applicable to the rated current.
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 1 Unit’s Features and Structure
1.1 Features
■KW4M Eco-POWER METER is a wattmeter in DIN48 size. Electrical energy (voltage, current, etc.) is
measured using AC voltage and AC current input via one of the following systems: single-phase
two-wire system, single-phase three-wire system, or three-phase three-wire system.
This also works as an hour meter, that is measured power-on or power-off time, and as a counter that
is for pulse output equipment like flowmeter.
■Eco-POWER METER is designed chiefly to manage saving energy. It is neither intended nor
can it be legally used for billing.
1.2 Unit’s Name and Model Numbers
1.2.1 Main unit
Product name
KW4M
Eco-POWER METER
Terminal type
Protocol
MEWTOCOL
MODBUS (RTU)
MEWTOCOL
MODBUS (RTU)
Screw terminal
11-pin
Model No.
AKW5111
AKW5112
AKW5211
AKW5212
・Single-phase two-wire
・Single-phase three-wire
・Three-phase three-wire
Phase and Wire system
Operating power supply
(common to measured voltage input)
Measured current input
Current transformer
100-240V AC
50A / 100A / 250A / 400A
Dedicated CT type
1.2.2 Option
Dedicated Current Transformer (CT) Clamp-on type
Product name
Rated primary current
Dedicated current transformer for 5A/50A
5A / 50A
Dedicated current transformer for 100A
100A
Dedicated current transformer for 250A
250A
Dedicated current transformer for 400A
400A
Model No
AKW4801C
AKW4802C
AKW4803C
AKW4804C
Dedicated Current Transformer (CT) Through type
Product name
Rated primary current
Dedicated current transformer for 50A/100A
50A / 100A
Dedicated current transformer for 250A/400A
250A / 400A
Model No
AKW4506C
AKW4507C
Others
Product name
Mounting frame
Rubber gasket
Protective cover
DIN rail socket
Rear terminal socket
11P cap
Mounting rail
Installation frame
Terminal
Protective cover
Contents
Used for mounting in a panel (supplied with a unit)
Used for mounting in a panel (supplied with a unit)
Used for protecting a front display
(common to Timer/Counter)
For 11-pin type(surface mounting)
For 11-pin type (embedded mounting)
For 11-pin type (connectable directly with soldering)
DIN rail terminal socket fixing rail
Used for mounting
Used to cover a terminal block
(only for screw terminal type)
1
Model No
AT8-DA4
ATC18002
AQM4803
ATC180041
AT78051
AT8-DP11
AT8-DLA1
AKW4822
AKW4823
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
1.3 Measurement items
Item
Unit
Instantaneous electric power
kW
Integral electrical energy
kWh
MWh
Current
L1(CT1)-phase current
Data displayed range
0.00 to 9999.99
0.00 to 9999.99kWh to 10.00MWh to
9999.99MWh
9-digit display: 0.00 to 9999999.99 kWh
A
0.0 to 6000.0
V
0.0 to 9999.9
Yen
JPY
0 to 999999
Dollars
$
0.0 to 99999.9
Euros
EUR
0.0 to 99999.9
Yuan
CNY
0 to 999999
No currency
CHG
0 to 999999
Corresponding
value
Carbon dioxide
kg-CO2
0.0 to 999999
Hour meter
ON-time
h(Hour)
0.0 to 99999.9
Count
0 to 999999
Voltage
Electricity
charge
L2(CT2)-phase current
Voltage between 1-2
Voltage between 2-3
※
Pulse input
※Eco-POWER METER is designed chiefly to manage saving energy.
It is neither intended nor can it be legally used for billing.
2
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 2 Parts Name and Working
2.1 Parts Names
① Mode name display (16-segment)
②
② Lock indicator
Light is on when locked.
③ Mode indicator
Light is on when the mode is being set.
④ Output indicator
Light is on when pulse is output.
⑤ CT direction notification
Light is on when CT is connected
correctly and current flows.
①
③
⑥
④
⑤
⑦
⑧
⑥ Display for value selected (7-segment)
⑨
Instantaneous electric power,
Integral electrical energy,
Current, Voltage, Electricity charge, Hour meter and Counter
⑦ MODE key
Use to select mode
⑧ SET key
Use to set each value entered
⑨ Select keys
a) Change which value is displayed.
b) Make settings in a particular mode.
2.2 Keys’ Function
<TIME>
POWER measurement
・Instantaneous electric power →
Integral electrical energy
・(Continuous press) Display by 9-digit
(Integral electric power)
L1(CT1)-phase current →
L2(CT2)-phase current
Voltage between 1 and 2 →
Between 2 and 3
Electricity charge & Corresponding value :
JPY→ $ → EUR → CNY → CHG
→ CO2
ON-time → OFF-time
<COUNT>
---
<kW/kWh>
<A>
<V>
<CHARGE>
<MODE>+<SET>
<MODE>
<SET>
PULSE measurement
---
・Count value → Preset value
・(Continuous press at preset value display)
Shift to preset value setting mode
Reset (Integral electrical energy,
Reset (Count value)
ON-time, OFF-time)
Shift to each setting mode
・Set each value entered
・(Continuous press) All keys locked. While in LOCK mode, releases LOCK mode
3
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 3 Wiring
3.1 Terminal arrangement
Functions
Measured voltage input
(Operating power supply)
1, R, R
Pin type
①
2, N, S
②
Terminal No.
Screw terminal type
⑧
⑨
⑩
(+)
④
⑪
RS-485
(-)
⑤
①
(+)
⑥
⑥
Pulse output
(-)
⑦
⑦
⑧
②
CT1(k) / IN
CT input
⑨
③
CT1(l), CT2(l)
④
CT2(k)
⑩
⑤
0V
⑪
(1) Be sure to wire correctly according to the terminal arrangement and wiring diagrams.
(2) A DIN rail socket (ATC180041) should be used for Pin type Eco-POWER METER.
③
3, T, T
The input (applied) voltage to each pin (terminal) is as follows.
Phase and wire
Type
Pin (Terminal)
Input (Applied) voltage
Pin type
100-120/200-240VAC
①-②
Single-phase
(100-120/200-240V~)
two-wire
Screw terminal type
⑧-⑨
Pin type
①-②-③
Single-phase
100-120VAC (100-120V~:3W)
three-wire
Screw terminal type
⑧-⑨-⑩
Pin type
①-②-③
Three-phase
200-240VAC (200-240V 3~)
three-wire
Screw terminal type
⑧-⑨-⑩
4
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
3.2 Power measurement
◇Main unit wiring diagrams
Please connect a breaker (3 to 15A) to the voltage input part for safety reasons and to protect the
device. Grounding the secondary side of VT (Voltage transformer) and CT (Current transformer) is not
necessary with low-voltage circuit.
◆When measuring load with 100-200V system
Single-phase 2 wire system
*One CT is required to measure.
< Pin type >
<Screw terminal type>
Single-phase 3 wire system / Three-phase 3 wire system
*Two CTs are required to measure.
< Pin type >
<Screw terminal type>
5
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◆When measuring a load with exceed input voltage.
Voltage transformer (VT) is needed when you measure a load with over rated input voltage (240V).
Use VT, those secondary rating is 110V.
Grounding the secondary side of VT and CT is not necessary with low-voltage circuit.
Single-phase 2 wire system
< Pin type >
<Screw terminal type>
Single-phase 3 wire system / Three-phase 3 wire system
< Pin type >
<Screw terminal type>
6
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◇How to attach the Current Transformer (CT)
・One current transformer (CT) is needed to measure 1P2W system. Two CTs are needed to measure a
1P3W/3P3W system. Using 2 CTs should be the same.
・Check beforehand that the thickness of the electric wire is smaller than the through-hole of the CT.
・When connecting CT, connect the secondary side to the terminal of the main unit first, and after that
wire the primary side to a load electric wire.
Incorrect order might cause an electric shock or break CT.
・The CT has polarity. Wire correctly according to the K and L marks.
Wrong direction can’t measure correctly.
・When closing clamp-on type CT, check that there is no foreign materials on the divided face. And
make sure it is closed securely once the wire is in place; if not the measurement value will be not
accurate.
・When CT’s cable is extended, it is possible to extend up to about 10m with the cable of AWG#22 or
more cross section under the environment without noise at all. Please use the thick cable as much as
possible. *Please check beforehand with the actual system in case of extending the cable.
・If there is some distortion by harmonic or waveform, it may not measure correctly. Please check with
the actual system before adopting it.
・Separate the wiring (strong electric part) of the measured voltage input terminal (operating power
supply terminal) from the CT cable. It may not satisfy the accuracy due to noise.
◇To connect CT with secondary side current 5A
How to connect for measuring by combination with CT (secondary side current 5A)
(1) Select 5A at CT type setting mode (CT-T).
(2) Set the primary current of measured CT (secondary side current 5A) at primary side current of
CT setting mode (CT-1).
< ex > If the measured CT is 400A/5A, set to”400”.
(3) Clamp the dedicated CT for 5A, which is connected to the main unit first, to secondary side of
the CT (secondary side current 5A). CT direction (K→L) should be set for the commercial CT
direction.
*Set the CT (secondary side current 5A) and the dedicated CT for 5A approximately 1m apart.
If the two CTs are set too close each other, it may not measure accurately due to magnetic
field interference.
(Connection example)
With Ammeter etc.
Power supply
Ammeter etc.
Breaker
K Secondary current
L
K
CT with 2nd current 5A
Dedicated CT for 5A
L
Load
7
Eco-POWER
METER
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Without Ammeter
Power supply
Breaker
Shorted or resistor less than 0.1Ω
K Secondary current
CT with 2nd current 5A
L
L
K
Dedicated CT (For 5A)
Eco-POWER
METER
Load
3.3 Pulse measurement
◇Main unit wiring diagrams
< Pin type >
<Screw terminal type>
◇Input connection
・Contact input
Use highly reliable metal plated contacts. Since the contact’s
bounce time leads directly to error in the count value, use
Screw terminal
contacts with as short a bounce time as possible. In general,
⑤
②
Pin
select 30Hz for max. counting speed.
⑪
⑧
・Non-contact input (Transistor input)
Connect with an open collector. Use the transistor with the
following specifications.
VCEO=20V min. IC=20mA min. ICBO=6μA max
Screw terminal
⑤
②
Use transistors with a residual voltage of less than 1.5V when the
Pin
⑪
⑧
transistor is ON.
*Short-circuit impedance should be less than 1kΩ.
(When the impedance is 0Ω, drain current is approx. 5mA.)
The open-circuit impedance should be more than 100kΩ.
・Input wiring
Please wire as short as possible by using a shielded wire or a metallic electric wire tube individually.
If it is long, it may not work correctly due to floating capacitance of wire.
8
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
(Note)
Operating power supply input part (measured voltage input) is not insulated to pulse input parts.
So the input equipment must have the power supply transformer in which the secondary side is not
grounded with the primary and secondary sides insulated, in order to prevent interference of the
power supply circuit when connecting the external input circuit. Be sure not to use an
auto-transformer.
(Fig.A)
Operating power supply Good example
Measured voltage input
Insulated
transformer
(+)
Input equipment
(sensor etc.)
(-)
Eco-POWER
METER
(Fig.B)
Operating power supply
Measured voltage input
No Good example
Operating power supply
Measured voltage input
Insulated
transformer
Input equipment
(sensor etc.)
(+)
Auto transformer
(+)
(-)
Input equipment
(sensor etc.)
(-)
Eco-POWER
METER
Eco-POWER
METER
Do not use an auto-transformer.
Do not ground the secondary side.
3.4 For Output connection
Since the transistor output is insulated from the internal circuit by a photo-coupler, it can be used both
as a NPN output and PNP (equal value) output.
Eco-POWER METER
NPN output
Pulse(+)
Eco-POWER METER
PNP output
Pulse(-)
6
Pulse(+)
7
Pulse(-)
6
7
Load
+
Load
-
+
-
Power supply for load
Power supply for load
・Wire up to 100m for output connection.
If it is long, it may not work correctly due to floating capacitance of wire.
3.5 For Wiring terminal
6.6mm or less
・When using a crimp terminal, it should be with insulation sleeve applicable to M3.5 screw as shown
below.
3.7mm
・Tightening torque: under 0.8N・m
9
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
3.6 RS485 communication
・When using shielded cable for the RS485 transmission line, ground one end.
Use a class D dedicated earth for grounding. Do not share a ground with other earth lines. (Fig.1)
・ Change the slide switch on the side of main unit as a terminal station. (Fig.2)
・Be sure to connect with daisy chain the RS485 transmission line between each unit.
Do not use a splitter. (Fig.3)
(Fig.1)
Eco-POWER METER
General station
Eco-POWER METER
Terminal station
(+) (-)
(+) (-)
Shielded cable
Shielded cable
To RS485 device
Class D grounding
(Fig.2)
Class D grounding
(Fig.3)
Sliding switch
Correct wiring
Terminal
station
Terminal
station
○
Terminal
General
Terminal station General station
(Factory setting)
Incorrect wiring
×
Recommended Cable
Use the transmission cables shown below for Eco-POWER METER RS485 communication system.
Conductor
Insulator
Cable
Resistance
Cable
Applicable cable
diameter
Material
Thickness
Size
(at 20℃)
HITACHI
1.25 mm2
KPEV-S
Max.
Approx.
(AWG16) Max.16.8Ω/km polyethylene
1.25 mm2×1P
0.5 mm
8.5 mm
or more
TwistedBelden Inc. 9860
pair
HITACHI
2
with shield 0.5 mm
KPEV-S
Max.
Approx.
(AWG20) Max.33.4Ω/km polyethylene
0.5 mm2×1P
0.5 mm
7.8 mm
or more
Belden Inc. 9207
2
VCTF
0.75 mm
Max.
Approx.
0.75 mm2×2C
VCTF
(AWG18) Max.25.1Ω/km PVC
0.6 mm
6.6 mm
or more
(JIS)
Cable
Section
Shield
Twisted-pair
with shield
Conductor
Notes
1) Use shielded type twist cables.
2) Use only one type of the transmission cables.
2) Do not mix different types of the cables.
3) Use twist pair cables under a bad noise
environment.
Jacket
Insulator
Jacket
VCTF
Conductor
Insulator
10
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
3.7 Low Voltage Directive
When using in the application confirming to EN61010-1/IEC61010-1, make sure to satisfy the following
conditions.
(1) Pulse output part secure only basic insulation. In order to secure reinforced (double) insulation
demanded by EN 61010-1/ IEC61010-1, secure basic insulation or more with load side and
reinforced (double) insulation with communication system side.
(2) Provide the voltage input part with an EN60947-1 or EN60947-3 compliant circuit breaker.
The breaker that connects to the voltage input part must arrange at the position easily reached,
and display shows it is the breaker of the equipment.
(3) Use a wire with basic insulation or more for a wire cramped (or connected) CT.
【Environmental conditions】
・Overvoltage category Ⅱ, Pollution degree 2
・Indoor use
・An ambient temperature of –10 to 50℃
・An ambient non-condensing humidity of 35 to 85%RH (at 20℃)
・Altitude of 2000m or less
【Mount the product in a place with】
・A minimum of dust, and an absence of corrosive gases
・No flammable, explosive gasses
・Few mechanical vibrations or shocks
・No exposure to direct sunlight
・No large capacity electromagnetic switches or cables through which large current is flowing
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 4 Settings
4.1 Operation procedure
Each setting is classified as follows. There are the detailed explanations from next pages.
・MODE:<MODE>
…Mode for selection of Power measurement (Power meter) or Pulse measurement (Pulse counter).
・MODE1: <MODE>+<kW/kWh> … Mode for setting each parameter for power measurement.
・MODE2: <MODE>+<A> … Mode for setting of each parameter for pulse measurement
・MODE3: <MODE>+<V> … Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication (RS-485)
・MODE4: <MODE>+<CHARGE> … Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function
Normal Display
(MODE)
Continuous press
<MODE>
<MODE>
Input method setting mode
MODE
(MODE 1)*1
(MODE 2)*2
<A>
Station number
setting mode
NO.
<SET>
Primary side current of
CT setting mode
<SET>
<SET>
<SET>
VT ratio setting mode
Unit setting mode
VT
UNIT
<SET>
Auto-off setting mode
OFF
Transmission speed
setting mode
SPD
PSCL
<SET>
<CHARGE>
<SET>
Pre-scale setting mode
*3
IN
(MODE 4)
<V>
Max.counting speed
setting mode
Hz
<SET>
CT-1
<SET>
(MODE 3)
<kW/kWh>
CT type setting mode
CT-T
about 3sec.
Transmission format
setting mode
FMT
<SET>
<SET>
Response time
setting mode
RESP
Current for time
measurement setting mode
HM-A
<SET>
<SET>
Cutoff current setting mode
CUTA
<SET>
Unit for pulse output
setting mode
PL-P
<SET>
Alarm value setting mode
AL-P
Note)
Press <MODE>to
return normal display.
*4
<SET>
Electricity rate setting mode
JPY/ $ /EUR /CNY /CHG /CO2
<SET>
Normal display
*1 MODE1 is only for POWER measurement.
*2 MODE2 is only for PULSE measurement.
*3 Primary side current of CT setting mode is only for when ‘5A’ is selected on CT type setting mode.
*4 Alarm value setting mode is only for when ‘ALARM’ is selected on Unit for pulse output setting mode.
NOTE) Power measurement (Power meter) and Pulse measurement (Pulse counter) can not
be used at the same time.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◆Initial value list
Mode 1
Item
CT type
Primary side current
of CT
VT
Current for time
measurement
Cutoff current
Unit for pulse output
Power alarm
Electricity rate JPY
Electricity rate $
Electricity rate EUR
Electricity rate CNY
Electricity rate CHG
CO2 Conversion
factor
Mode 2
Initial value
50
Item
Max. counting
speed
Prescale
Unit
5
1.00
1.0
Initial value
2000
1.000
CNT
Mode 3
Item
Station number
Transmission speed
Transmission
format
Response time
1.0
0.001
9999.99
10.00
0.093
0.085
10.00
10.00
Initial value
1
19200
8bit-o
5
Mode 4
Item
Auto-off
0.410
13
Initial value
0
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
4.2 Setting Mode Explanation
■The value with under line is initial setting among each setting value.
☆Set before measurement.
4.2.1 MODE (Select input method)
<MODE>
Input method setting mode
IN
Mode defines input method, power measurement or pulse measurement.
・Select from POWER / COUNT
・“POWER” is selected when using power measurement (Power meter).
・“COUNT” is selected when using pulse measurement (Pulse counter).
Normal display
↓ <MODE>
Input method setting mode
・Press <MODE> continuously about 3s.
to shift to this mode.
・Select POWER (Power measurement)
or COUNT (Pulse measurement) using
<MODE>.
Display
<MODE>
<MODE>
<MODE>
↓ <SET>
Normal display
4.2.2 MODE1 (Mode for setting each parameter for power measurement)
This mode doesn’t show when pulse measurement is selected.
<MODE>+<kW/kWh>
CT type setting mode
CT-T
Mode defines input current type of the dedicated CT.
・Select from the type of 5A/50A/100A/250A/400A.
・When the secondary current of CT is 5A, select “5A”.
Primary side current of CT setting mode
CT-1
*Only when “5A” is selected on CT type setting mode.
Mode defines primary current when measuring by combination with existing CT, its secondary
current of 5A.
It is possible to use as the second step for combination with existing CT by selecting “5A” in
the CT type setting mode. In this case, it is necessary to set the primary side current.
・It can be set the range of 1 to 4000.
・When connecting 5ACT directly and measure with 5A range, set to “5”.
ex) If measured CT is 400A/5A, set to “400”.
VT ratio setting mode
VT
Mode defines voltage-input method to the main unit, input voltage directly or uses a voltage
transformer (VT) (over 240VAC).
・It can be set the range of 1.00 to 99.99.
“1.00” should be set when voltage input directly without connecting VT.
“1.01 to 99.99” should be set when VT is used to input voltage.
ex) If the VT is 440V/110V, set to “4.00”.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Current for time measurement setting mode HM-A
Mode defines for time measured current. Unit measures ON-time and OFF-time by setting value.
・It can be set the range of 1.0% to 100.0%F.S.
ex) When 10.0 is set, the current exceeds 10.0%F.S is measured as ON-time, the current under
10.0%F.S is measured as OFF-time.
*Measured current is the current of L1(CT1)-phase.
Cutoff current setting mode
CUTA
Mode defines load current that does not measured (Cutoff current).
Use to avoid miss-measurement by wiring or induction noise at no-load.
0.00kW is displayed for instantaneous electric power, 0.0A is displayed for current. Integral
electrical energy is not measured.
・It can be set the range of 1.0% to 50.0%.
ex) When set to 10.0, current under 10.0%F.S is not measured.
Unit for pulse output setting mode (Power)
PL-P
Mode defines unit used for pulse output.
・Select from 0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh /Alarm.
When “ALARM” is set, alarm is output at the time when instantaneous electric power is over the
setting value.
When one of the “0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100”[kWh] is set, one pulse is output at the setting value.
Alarm value setting mode
AL-P
*Only when “Alarm” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Mode defines instantaneous electric power used for alarm output.
・It is set the range of 0.00 to 9999.99kW.
Electricity charge setting mode
JPY/ $ / E U R / C N Y / C H G / C O 2
Mode defines electricity charge ratio and conversion factor used as a standard per 1kWh.
The electricity charge ration of 5 kinds of currency (JPY,$,EUR,CNY,CHG) and CO2 conversion
factor can be set.
・It can be set the range of 0.0 to 99.9 yen/1kWh. (Initial 10.0)
・It can be set the range of 0.000 to 9.999 dollars/1kWh. (Initial 0.093)
・It can be set the range of 0.000 to 9.999 euros/1kWh. (Initial 0.085)
・It can be set the range of 0.00 to 99.99 yuan/1kWh. (Initial 10.00)
・It can be set the range of 0.00 to 99.99 /1kWh. (Initial 10.00)
・CO2 conversion factor can be set the range of 0.000 to 9.999 kg-CO2 /1kWh. (Initial 0.410)
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Monitoring display
↓ <MODE>
MODE display
↓<kW/kWh>
CT type setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Press <kW/kWh> to change CT type.
・CT type is selected from 50→100→250→400→5.
↓ <SET>
Primary side current of CT setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set primary side current of CT using
<kW/kWh>,< A >, < V >.
・If measured CT is 100A/5A, set to 100.
・If 5A is measured, set to 5.
It is only when “5A” is selected on CT type setting mode.
↓ <SET>
VT ratio setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set VT ratio using<kW/kWh>,< A >,< V >,<CHARGE>.
・If the VT is 440/110, set to “4.00”.
(1.00 to 99.99)
↓ <SET>
Current for time measurement setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set current for time measurement using
<kW/kWh>,< A >,< V >.
・If you measure the current over 50.0%F.S, set to “50.0”.
(1.0 to 100.0)
↓ <SET>
Cutoff current setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set cutoff current using <kW/kWh> ,< A >,< V >.
・If you don’t measure the current under 10.0%F.S,
set to “10.0”.
(1.0 to 50.0)
↓ <SET>
Unit for pulse output setting mode
・Press <kW/kWh> to change unit for pulse output.
・Unit is selected from
0.001→0.01→0.1→1→10→100 →ALARM.
↓ <SET>
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Factory setting / Display
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Alarm value setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set power for alarm using
<kW/kWh>,< A >,< V >,<CHARGE>,<TIME>,<COUNT>.
*It is only when “ALARM” is selected on unit for pulse
output setting mode.
(0 to 9999.99kWh)
↓ <SET>
Electricity charge setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Press <COUNT> to change
JPY→$→EUR→CNY→CHG→CO2.
・Set the rate per 1kWh using
<kW/kWh>,< A >,< V >,<CHARGE>.
↓ <SET>
Monitoring display
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
4.2.3 MODE2 (Mode for setting each parameter for pulse measurement)
This mode doesn’t show when power measurement is selected.
<MODE>+< A >
Max. counting speed setting mode
Hz
Mode defines max. counting speed.
・Select from 2kHz/30Hz
Pre-scale setting mode
PSCL
Mode defines pre-scale value used for change count value.
・It can be set the range of 0.001 to 100.000. (Initial 1.000)
・The position of decimal point set with this mode is applied to count value and preset value.
ex) When 0.01 (Last 2-digit) is set, the decimal point of count value and preset value has 2 digit
under decimal point.
Unit setting mode
UNIT
Mode defines unit used for count value display.
・Select from CNT/l/kl/m3.
*Count value does not change even if the unit setting is changed during counting.
Monitoring display
↓ <MODE>
MODE display
↓ <A>
Max. counting speed setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Press <kW/kWh> to change max. counting speed.
・Max. counting speed is selected from
2000(2kHz) → 30(30Hz).
↓ <SET>
Pre-scale setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set pre-scale value using
<kW/kWh>,< A >,< V >,<CHARGE>,<TIME>,<COUNT>.
・Pre-scale value can be entered the range of 0.001 to
100.000.
・ The position of decimal point set with this mode is
applied to count value and preset value.
↓ <SET>
Unit setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Press <kW/kWh> to change unit.
・Unit is selected from CNT→ l →kl→m3.
↓ <SET>
Monitoring display
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
4.2.4 5-2-4 MODE3 (Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication (RS-485))
<MODE>+< V >
Station number setting mode
NO.
Mode defines an individual station no. for each unit when two or more units communicate via
serial communication (RS-485).
・It can be set the range of 01 to 99.
Transmission speed (Baud rate) setting mode
SPD
Mode defines serial communication (RS-485) transmission speed. Define the transmission
speed according to the master’s (PLC etc.).
・Select from 38400/19200/9600/4800/2400[bps].
Transmission format setting mode
FMT
Mode defines serial communication (RS-485) transmission format (Data length, Parity). Define
the transmission format according to the master’s (PLC etc).
・Select from 8bit-o/7bit-n/7bit-E/7bit-o/8bit-n/8bit-E for MEWTOCOL type.
8bit-o/8bit-n/8bit-E for MODBUS type.
“n(none)” means parity is not available.
“E(Even)” means parity is even number.
“o(odd)” means parity is odd number.
Response time setting mode
RESP
MODE defines serial communication (RS485) response time of main unit.
When command is received, it sends response after setting response time passes.
・It can be set the range of 5 to 99ms.
Monitoring display
↓ <MODE>
MODE display
↓ <V>
Station number setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set the station number using <kW/kWh>, < A >.
・Station number can be entered the range of 01 to 99.
↓ <SET>
Transmission speed setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Press <kW/kWh> to change transmission speed.
・Transmission speed is selected from
19200→9600→4800→2400→38400.
↓ <SET>
Transmission format setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Press <kW/kWh> to change transmission format
(Data length / Parity).
・Transmission format is selected from
8bit-o→7bit-n→7bit-E→7it-o→8bit-n→8bit-E.
・n: not available E: even number o: odd number
↓ <SET>
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Response time setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・ Set
the response time using <kW/kWh>, < A >.
Response time can be entered the range of 05 to 99ms.
↓ <SET>
Monitoring display
4.2.5 MODE4 (Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function)
<MODE>+<CHARGE>
Auto-off setting mode
OFF
Backlight LED turns off automatically when there is no key operation for a long time.
・Off time can be set the range of 0 to 99min.
“0” should be set if you want to turn always light on.
“1~99” should be set if you want to turn light off at setting time.
・After turns off the backlight, any key operation makes it turns on.
Monitoring display
↓ <MODE>
MODE display
↓<CHARGE>
Auto-off setting mode
Factory setting / Display
・Set auto-off time by minute using <kW/kWh>,< A >.
・Auto-off time can be entered the range of 0 to 99.
・“0” should be set to turn always light on.
・“1~99” should be set to turn light off
at setting time (minute).
・While light off, press any key to light on.
↓ <SET>
Monitoring display
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 5 Various Functions
5.1 LOCK mode
It is the mode makes <MODE>key and Select keys unable.
Use when you want to fix one of the measurement displays (For all
displays).
When you press <SET>key continuously for about 3sec., the “LOCK”
indicator lights and <MODE>key and Select keys become locked (pressing
them will have no effect).
Press <SET>key continuously for about 3sec. again to release Lock mode.
The “LOCK” indicator goes off and the lock mode is released (unlocked)
5.2 CT Direction Notification (POWER Measurement)
This shows the connection condition of CT and notices wrong voltage or
wrong connection of CT wiring.
・“CT1(CT2)” lights if the input voltage is corresponding to the direction of
the current.
・“CT1” lights if the voltage between 1 and 2 is corresponding to the
direction of L1-phase current.
・“CT2” lights if the voltage between 2 and 3 is corresponding to the
direction of L2-phase current.
*It does not light if the load current is under the cutoff current (CUTA)
or if there is some distortion by harmonic or waveform.
5.3 Counter function (PULSE measurement)
Refer to the mode 1 setting for the way to set.
“OP.” is lighting when pulse output.
5.3.1 Output depends on integral electric power
Set the unit for pulse output (0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh) and pulse output (transistor output) turns on
every time when integral electric power reaches the unit. (Pulse width: about 100ms)
5.3.2 Output depends on count value
Set the preset value and pulse output (transistor output) turns on the time when count value reaches
the preset value.
Refer to the next in detail.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
5.4 Counter function (Pulse measurement)
5.4.1 Operation mode
Maintain output hold count
[Output]
[Counting]
[Addition]
0
1
HOLD
OFF
2
3
ON
possible
・・・
n-2
n-1
n
n+1
n+2
n+3
n: Preset value
(1) Output control is maintained after count-up completion and until reset. However counting is
possible despite of count-up completion.
(2) It reverts“0” after counting up full scale, but output control is maintained. However output is OFF
if count value or preset value is changed.
5.4.2 Change the Preset Value
It is possible to change the preset value even during counting. However note the following points.
◇When the pre-scale value is “1.000”.(PSCL=1.000)
(1) If the preset value is changed to the value less than the count value, counting will continue until
it reaches full scale, returns to “0” and then reaches the new preset value.
(2) If the preset value is changed to “0”, it will not count up at start with “0”. It counts up when the
counting value comes to “0” again (after reach to full scale). However output is OFF if count
value or preset value is changed.
(3) When the count value is fixed, output is changed according to the changing of preset value as
below.
①If the preset value is changed to the value less than the count value or same as count value,
output is ON.
(Count value ≧ Preset value)
②If the preset value is changed to the value more than the count value, output is OFF.
(Count value < Preset value)
◇When the pre-scale is not “1.000”. (PSCL≠1.000)
Even if the preset value is changed after counting to full scale, output is not changed.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 6 Display of each Value
6.1 Instantaneous electric power / Integral Electrical energy
・Press <kW/kWh> to display the instantaneous electric power and integral electrical energy.
・Press <kW/kWh> to change the instantaneous electric power to integral electrical energy.
*Displayed data is updated at every 1 second.
Instantaneous electric power(kW) → Integral electrical energy(kWh)
<kW/kWh>
<kW/kWh>
<kW/kWh>
・Integral electrical energy is measured and displayed from 0.00kWh to 9999.99MWh.
・The decimal point and the unit are changed automatically.
kWh
0.00
kWh
9999.99
kWh
10000.0
kWh
99999.9
MWh
100.00
MWh
9999.99
(After reaching the full scale (99999.9kWh), the value reverts to 0.00kWh but continues to measure.)
How to display with 9-digit
Integral electrical energy can be displayed with 9-digit.
・Continuous press <kW/kWh> for about 2sec. or more at the instantaneous electric power or integral
electrical energy display, “kWh” shows for about 0.5sec. and integral electrical energy with 9-digit is
displayed.
Integral electrical energy
Instantaneous electric power
9-digit (kWh)
(kW)
Shows for
about 0.5sec.
<kW/kWh>
<kW/kWh>
<kW/kWh>
How to reset the integral electrical energy
・Press <MODE> while pressing <SET> makes integral electrical energy clear.
Reset
ON
<SET>
OFF
ON
<MODE>
OFF
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
6.2 Current
・Press <A> to display the current value of the load.
・Press <A> to change L1(CT1)-phase current to L2(CT2)-phase current
*Displayed data is updated at every 1 second.
L1(CT1)-phase current (A)
→
L2(CT2)-phase current (A)
<A>
<A>
<A>
・When input current exceeds 150%F.S. at each range, 「- - - - - -」 will be displayed in
the lower line.
・Current measurement parts
Eco-POWER METER measures the current as below.
Display
L1(CT1)A
System
Single-phase two-wire
1(L1)-phase current
Single-phase three-wire
1(R)-phase current
Three-phase three-wire
1(R)-phase current
L2(CT2)A
3(T)-phase current
3(T)-phase current
6.3 Voltage
・Press <V> to display the voltage value of the load.
・Press <V> to change voltage between 1 and 2(V) to 2 and 3(V).
*Displayed data is updated at every 1 second.
Voltage between 1 and 2(V)
→ Voltage between 2 and 3(V)
<V>
<V>
<V>
・When input voltage exceeds 150%F.S. at each range, 「- - - - - -」 will be displayed in
the lower line.
・Voltage measurement parts
Eco-POWER METER measures the voltage as below.
Display
L1V
System
Voltage between 1 and 2
Single-phase two-wire
(R-phase)
Voltage between 1 and 2
Single-phase three-wire
(R-phase)
Voltage between 1 and 2
Three-phase three-wire
(Between R and S line)
24
L2V
-
Voltage between 2 and 3
(T-phase)
Voltage between 2 and 3
(Between S and T line)
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
6.4 Electricity Charge
It displays the standard electricity charge or corresponding value for the integral electrical energy.
・Press <CHARGE> to display the electricity charge and corresponding value.
・At electricity charge display, press <CHARGE> to change between JPY, $, EUR, CNY, CHG and
CO2.
Yen
→
Dollars
→
Euros
→
Yuan
<CHARGE>
→
No currency
Carbon dioxide
6.5 Hour Meter
・Press <TIME> to display the load ON-time or load OFF-time measured by CT1.
・Press <TIME> to change the load ON-time to load OFF-time.
ON-time (h)
→
OFF-time (h)
Blinking the decimal point
during measurement of
ON-time
<TIME>
<TIME>
Blinking the decimal
point during
measurement of
<TIME>
*When load current is under the setting current for time measurement(HM-A), it measures as
OFF-time. When load current is exceeded to the setting current for time measurement(HM-A), it
measures as ON-time. Current for time measurement (HM-A) is set to under cutoff current (CUTA),
all current is measured as OFF-time.
*Current flow of CT1
Load ON-time
[h]
0
HM-A
CUTA
Measured as OFF-h
Ratio of load current [%]
Measured as ON-h
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
*After reaching the full scale (99999.9h), the value reverts to 0.0h but continues to measure.
ON
CT Detection
ON
OFF
OFF
Full scale
ON-time
OFF-time
How to Reset ON/OFF-time
・Press <MODE> while pressing <SET>key makes ON / OFF-time clear.
Reset
ON
<SET>
OFF
ON
<MODE>
OFF
6.6 Count Value / Preset Value
It displays present count value (pulse input value) and preset value.
・Press <COUNT> to display count value (pulse input value).
・Press <COUNT> to change count value to preset value.
Count value(COUNT)
→
Preset value(COUNT)
<COUNT>
<COUNT>
<COUNT>
How to Enter the Preset Value
・Press <COUNT> continuously for about 3sec. at preset value display, “PSET” is blinking.
・Enter a preset value using <kW/kWh>,< A >, < V >, <CHARGE>, <TIME> and <COUNT>.
・Press <SET> to set the entered value. “PSET” stops blinking.
Position of Decimal Point
・The position of decimal point for count value and preset value is decided according to the setting at
‘Pre-scale setting mode’.
Ex) When preset value set to 0.01, the decimal point is fixed the last 2 digit for count value and preset
value.
How to Reset Count value
・Press <MODE> while pressing <SET>key makes count value clear.
Reset
ON
<SET>
OFF
ON
<MODE>
OFF
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 7 Communications
7.1 Communication Procedures
Communication starts with command transmission from the host computer (hereafter Master) and ends
with the response of Eco-POWER METER (hereafter Slave).
Master
Slave
Command
Data
Command
Acknowledgement
Command
Negative
acknowledgement
Command
No response
• Response with data
When master sends reading command, slave responds with the
corresponding set value or current status.
• Acknowledgement
When master sends setting command, slave responds by sending
the acknowledgement.
• Negative acknowledgement
When master sends a non-existent command or value out of the setting
range, the slave returns negative acknowledgement.
• No response
Slave will not respond to master in the following cases.
• Global address “FF” (MEWTOCOL) is set.
• Broadcast address “00H” (Modbus protocol) is set.
• Communication error (framing error, parity error)
• CRC-16 discrepancy (Modbus RTU mode)
7.2 Communication timing
◆The minimum access time from the master is 1 sec. (Minimum time for update the data)
Eco-POWER METER may not response due to noise and so on, be sure to check that it receives the
response from Eco-POWER METER.
◆In order to improve the communication quality, we recommend to send the transmission again.
Communication timing of RS-485
◇Eco-POWER METER (Slave) side
When Eco-POWER METER (Slave) starts transmission to RS-485 communication line, it is arranged
so as to provide an idle status transmission period of about 5 to 99ms (setting available) before sending
the response to ensure the synchronization on the receiving side.
And after sending the response, transmitter is cut within transmission period of about 20ms.
◇Master side (Cautions of setting a program)
At communication, keep the following conditions.
1) Set the program so that the master can disconnect the transmitter from the communication line
within the transmission period of about 3ms after sending the command in preparation for reception
of the response from Eco-POWER METER (Slave).
2) To avoid collision of transmissions between the master and Eco-POWER METER (Slave), send a
next command after checking that the master received the response.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
7.3 MEWTOCOL communication
7.3.1 Overview of MEWTOCOL-COM (RS-485)
◆Command and response functions
The computer sends commands (instructions) to Eco-POWER METER, and receives responses in
return. This enables the computer and Eco-POWER METER to converse with each other, so that
various kinds of information can be obtained and provided.
①Commands
Computer
Eco-POWER METER
②Responses
◆Command and response formats
Command message
(Host
computer)
Header
Destination
Text
Check
code
(Eco-POWER METER)
◇Control codes
Name
Header
Command
Character
%
#
Header
ASCII code
25H
23H
(To next command)
Terminator
Source
Check
Termicode
nator
Normal response message
Text
Explanation
Indicates the beginning of a message.
Indicates that the data comprises a command
message.
Indicates that the data comprises a normal response
message.
Indicates that the data comprises a response message
when an error occurs.
Indicates the end of a message.
Normal
24H
$
response
Error
21H
!
response
Terminator
CR
0DH
◇Destination and source AD (H), (L)
Two-digit decimal 01 to 99 (ASCII codes)
Command messages contain a station number for Eco-POWER METER that receives the message.
When FF (ASCII code table) is used, however, the transmission is a global transmission (sent to all
stations at once).
Note) When a global transmission is sent, no response to the command message is returned.
◇Block check code Bcc (H), (L)
Two- digit hexadecimal 00 to FF (ASCII codes)
These are codes (horizontal parity) that are used to detect errors in the transmitted data.
If “**” is entered instead of “Bcc”, however, messages can be transmitted without the Bcc. In this case,
the Bcc is included with the response
◇Error code
Err (H), (L)
Two- digit hexadecimal 00 to FF (ASCII codes)
These indicate the content if an error occurs.
◆Bcc (Block Check Code)
-The Bcc is a code that carries out an error check using horizontal parity, to improve the reliability of
the data being sent.
-The Bcc uses an exclusive OR from the header (%) to the final character of the text, and converts the
8- bit data into a 2-character ASCII code.
Example)
0
1
R
T
0 1
CR
%
#
↑
↑
↑
↑
↑
Header Station No.1
Command
RT
2-character
Command
Bcc
0
1
#
R
T
0 1
%
25H
30H
31H
23H
52H
54H
Bcc(H)=0(30H)
Bcc(L)=1(31H)
①Takes exclusive OR
28
②Converts to ASCII format
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
7.3.2 Data Register List
Data register
DT00050
DT00051
DT00052
DT00053
DT00054
DT00055
DT00100
DT00101
DT00107
DT00109
DT00060
Name
¥(JPY)
$
€(EUR)
yuan (CNY)
Rate
Rate
Rate
Rate
Rate
No currency (CHG)
Conversion factor
(CO2)
Integral electric
power
L1(CT1)-phase
current
L2(CT2)-phase
current
CT type
Unit
0.1¥
0.001$
0.001€
0.01 yuan
Kind of data
DT00062
DT00063
DT00064
DT00065
DT00066
DT00067
Primary side current
value when CT 5A
Alarm value
(Instantaneous
electric power)
VT ratio
Threshold value
current for
time measurement
Cutoff current
R/W
R/W
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 99.9
0.000 to 9.999
0.000 to 9.999
0.00 to 99.99
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
0.00 to 99.99
R/W
0.001
kg-CO2
Unsigned 16bit
0.000 to 9.999
R/W
0 to 9999999.99
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
0.01kWh Unsigned 32bit
R/W
R/W
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0.0 to 999.9
R
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0.0 to 999.9
R
Rated A
( rms )
Unsigned 16bit
5,50,100,250,400
R/W
-
Unsigned 32bit
1(0.001),10(0.01),100(0.1),
1000(1),10000(10),100000(100)
999(Instantaneous electrical energy:
Values of DT00064 and 00065
are applied)
R/W
A
Unsigned 16bit
1 to 4000
R/W
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 9999.99
R/W
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
1.00 to 99.99
R/W
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
1.0 to 100.0
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
1.0 to 50.0
R/W
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 99999.9
R/W
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 99999.9
R/W
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
DT00061
Unit for
Pulse output
Range
0.1%
DT00068
DT00150
Load ON-time
0.1h
DT00151
DT00152
Load OFF-time
0.1h
DT00153
DT00154
Pulse count value
-
DT00155
DT00158
Preset value
-
DT00159
DT00160
Pre-scale value
0.001
DT00161
Max.counting speed
Hz
DT00162
Auto-off time
min
DT00163
Display unit
-
DT00164
Voltage
DT00170
0.1V
between 1 and 2
DT00171
Voltage
DT00172
0.1V
between 2 and 3
DT00173
Instantaneous
DT00176
0.01kW
electric power
DT00177
Note1) R: Read W: Write
2) Data register except specified is 0.
3) DT00061,00062 (Unit for pulse output)
value (in the range of data register).
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
1 to 100000 (0.001 to 100.000)
*Decimal point fixed
30 or 2000
0 to 99(0 means always light on)
0:CNT, 1: l, 2: kl, 3: m3
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 9999.9
R
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 9999.9
R
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 9999.99
R
Unsigned 32bit
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
and DT00160,00161 (Pre-scale value) is numerical
29
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
4) If each setting value is wrote by communication, it memories to internal EEP-ROM at the same
time. Therefore, change setting frequently makes EEP-ROM’s life short. Avoid to usage like this.
5) Write a data within the range when you write it.
7.3.3 Error Codes
◇Basic procedure errors
Error code
40H
Error name
Bcc error
41H
Format error
42H
No support error
43H
Procedure error
◇Application error
Error code
Error name
60H
Parameter error
Explanation
61H
Data error
62H
Registration error
◇Self-diagnostic error
Error code
Error name
45H
Explanation
・A Bcc error occurred in the command data.
・A command message was sent that does not fit the transmission
format.
・A command was sent that is not supported.
・Delimiter with multiple frames was sent.
・The response shall be multiple frames.
・The data code is not “D”.
・Word No. was specified without decimal.(0000F etc.)
・The starting word No. is bigger than the ending word No.
・Writing data has a code that is not hexadecimal.
・Too many registrations have been entered (more than 17).
・“MD” command was sent when some registration has been exist.
・ “MG” command was sent when registration has not been
entered.
Explanation
・At “WD” command, writing data is exceeded the range of data
register.
Operation error
7.3.4 Command
Eco-POWER METER has 5 kinds of commands.
Command name
Read data area
Write data to data area
Resister or Reset data monitored
Monitoring start
Read status
Code
RD
WD
MD
MG
RT
Explanation
Reads the contents of data area.
Writes data to a data area.
Resisters the data to be monitored.
Monitors a registered data.
Reads the specifications of Eco-POWER METER and error code
if an error occurs.
30
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◆[RD]: Read data area (Reads the contents of data area.)
◇Command
%
Destination
1
#
R
D
0
×10
Ending word No.
5 characters
Starting word No.
5 characters
D
4
×10
×10
3
2
×10
×10
1
×10
0
4
×10
3
×10
2
×10
Bcc
1
×10
×10
0
×10
1
CR
0
×16
×16
◇Normal response (Read successful)
%
Source
1
$
R
First register contents
4 characters
D
0
×10
1
×10
×16
Source
1
Error code
!
0
×10
×16
3
2
×16
1
×16
1
×10
×16
Bcc
0
1
×16
0
×16
(lower word) (higher word)
◇Error response
%
0
Last register contents
4 characters
3
×16
Bcc
2
×16
×16
1
×16
CR
0
×16
(lower word) (higher word)
CR (Common to each command)
0
×16
×16
◆[WD]: Write data area (Writes date to a data area.)
◇Command
%
Destination
1
×10
#
W
D
Starting word No.
5 characters
D
0
4
×10
×10
3
2
×10
×10
1
×10
Ending word No.
5 characters
0
4
×10
3
×10
2
×10
First writing data
4 characters
1
×10
×10
0
×10
Source
1
×10
$
W
Bcc
D
0
1
×10
0
3
×16
×16
⇒
2
×16
(lower word) (higher word)
◇Normal response (Write successful)
%
1
×16
Last writing data
4 characters
⇒
CR
0
×16
1
×16
×16
0
×16
3
Bcc
2
×16
1
×16
×16
CR
0
×16
(lower word) (higher word)
◆[MD]: Register or Reset data monitored (Registers the data to be monitored.) *Up to 16 points can be registered for one unit.
◇Command (Register)
%
Destination
1
×10
#
Data specification n
Data specification ①
M
D
Word No.
5 characters
D
0
4
×10
×10
3
×10
2
×10
0
×10
Destination
1
×10
#
M
D
F
F
F
F
F
Bcc
F
0
×161
×10
Source
×101
×10
$
M
×103
×102
×101
Bcc
×100
CR
×161
×160
×162
×161
16 points max.
BCC
D
×100
×161
CR
×160
Fixed (6 characters)
◇Normal response (Registration successful)
%
4
×10
◇Command (Register reset)
%
Word No.
5 characters
D
1
CR
×160
◆[MG]: Monitoring start (Monitors a registered data.)
◇Command
%
Destination
×101
#
M
Bcc
G
×100
×161
CR
×160
No. of characters
◇Normal response (Monitoring successful)
No. of characters
%
Source
1
×10
$
M
G
0
0
Data ①
4 characters
in data line
0
2 characters
0
1
×10
×16
0
×16
1
×16
0
×16
3
×16
Data n
4 characters
2
1
×16
×16
(lower word) (higher word)
×160
×163
Bcc
CR
×160
(lower word) (higher word)
◆[RT]: Read the status of Eco-POWER METER (Reads the specifications of Eco-POWER METER and error codes if an error occurs.)
◇Command
%
Destination
×101
#
R
T
×100
Bcc
×161
Error flag
01: abnormal
00: normal
Operation mode
01: On operating
00: Stop
CR
×160
◇Normal response (Read successful)
%
Source
1
×10
$
R
T
0
1
×10
Model code 1: 99
Model code 1
2 characters
×16
0
×16
1
×16
0
×16
Operation mode
2 characters
Version
4 characters
Model code 2
2 characters
3
×16
2
×16
1
×16
Model code 2: 11
0
×16
1
×16
0
×16
Error flag
Self-diagnostic error No.
2 characters
4 characters
1
0
×16 ×16 ×161 ×160 ×163 ×162
Bcc
×161
(lower word) (higher word)
31
×160
CR
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
7.4 MODBUS (RTU) Communication
7.4.1 Overview of MODBUS (RTU)
◆8-bit binary data in command is transmitted as it is.
Data format
Start bit
: 1 bit
Data bit
: 8 bits
*7bits is not available.
Parity
: No parity, Even parity, Odd parity Selectable
Stop bit
: 1 bit (Fixed)
Error detection
: CRC-16 (Cyclic Redundancy Check)
Data interval
: 3.5 character transmission time or more
◆Message configuration
RTU mode is configured to start after idle time processing of more than 3.5 character transmissions
and end after idle time processing of more than 3.5 character transmissions.
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
8-bit
Function
code
8-bit
Data
**bits
Error check
CRC-16
16-bit
3.5 idle
characters
Master judges the transmission complete after no command for 4-characters idle time and process the
command.
*Transmission speed and judgment time to complete transmission
Transmission speed (bps)
Judgment time to complete (ms)
38400
about 1.00
19200
about 2.00
9600
about 4.00
4800
about 8.00
2400
about 16.00
◇Slave address:
Slave address is an individual instrument number on the slave side and is set within the range 1 to 99
(01H to 63H). Master identifies slaves by the slave address of the requested message.
Slave informs master which slave is responding to master by placing its own address in the response
message. Slave address 0 (00H, broadcast address) can identify all slaves connected. However
slaves do not respond.
◇Function code: Function code is command code for the slave to undertake the following action types.
Function code
Contents
03(03H)
DT Read
06(06H)
DT1 word write
16(10H)
DT several data write
Function code is used to discern whether the response is normal (acknowledgement) or if any error
(negative acknowledgement) has occurred when slave returns response message to master.
When acknowledgement is returned, slave simply returns original function code. When negative
acknowledgement is returned, MSB of original function code is set as 1 for response.
For example, when the master sends request message setting 00H to function code by mistake, slave
returns 80H by setting MSB to 1, because the former is an illegal function.
For negative acknowledgement, the exception codes below are set to data of response message and
returned to master in order to inform it of what kind of error has occurred.
Exception code
Contents
1(01H)
Illegal Function (Non-existent function)
3(03H)
Illegal data value (Value out of the devise numbers)
note1) Even if it commands to write (06H.10H) to non-existent data address, slave response with
acknowledgement. However, it doesn’t write.
note2) Even if it commands to write the value out of the setting range, slave response with
acknowledgement. However, it doesn’t write.
note3) The maximum number of reading slaves is 26 (57 bytes), the maximum number of writing
slaves is 23 (55 bytes).
32
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◇Data: Data depends on the function code.
A request message from the master side is composed of data item, number of data and setting data.
A response message from the slave side is composed of number of bytes, data and exception code in
negative acknowledgement.
◇Error check: 16-bit data to detect communication errors. Refer to the next.
◇Acknowledgement response
When command is to write 1 point, same massage of command is responded.
When command is to write several points, part of command message (6 bytes) is responded.
◆Error check
After calculating CRC-16 (Cyclic Redundancy Check) from slave address to the end of data, the
calculated 16-bit data is appended to the end of message in sequence from low order to high order.
<How to calculate CRC>
In CRC system, the information is divided by the polynomial series. The remainder is added to the end
of the information and transmitted. The generation of polynomial series is as follows.
(Generation of polynomial series: X16 + X 15 + X 2 + 1)
1) Initialize the CRC-16 data (assumed as X) (FFFFH).
2) Calculate exclusive OR (XOR) with the 1st data and X. This is assumed as X.
3) Shift X one bit to the right. This is assumed as X.
4) When a carry is generated as a result of the shift, XOR is calculated by X of 3) and the fixed
value (A001H). This is assumed as X. If a carry is not generated, go to step 5).
5) Repeat steps 3) and 4) until shifting 8 times.
6) XOR is calculated with the next data and X. This is assumed as X.
7) Repeat steps 3) to 5).
8) Repeat steps 3) to 5) up to the last data.
9) Set X as CRC-16 to the end of message in sequence from low order to high order.
◆Message example
<1> Reading electricity rate (0032H) of address 1
・Command
Slave
Function
Data item
3.5 idle
address
code
characters
(01H)
(03H)
(0032H)
1
1
2
Number of
data
(0001H)
2
Error check
CRC-16
(25C5H)
2
・Response message from slave in normal status (When Rate=1000(10.00) [03E8H])
Slave
Function
Number of
Number of
Error check
3.5 idle
address
code
response byte
data
CRC-16
characters
(01H)
(03H)
(02H)
(03E8H)
(B8FAH)
1
1
1
2
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
<2> Setting electricity rate (0032H) of address 1 (When rate is set to 20.00(2000) [07D0H])
・Command
Slave
Function
Data item
Number of
Error check
3.5 idle
3.5 idle
address
code
data
CRC-16
characters
characters
(01H)
(06H)
(0032H)
(07D0H)
(2BA9H)
←character
1
1
2
2
2
number
・Response message from slave in normal status
Slave
Function
Data item
3.5 idle
address
code
characters
(01H)
(06H)
(0032H)
1
1
2
33
Number of
data
(07D0H)
2
Error check
CRC-16
(2BA9H)
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
<3> Reset integral electric power (0064H, 0065H:2-word) of address 1
(When setting to 0 [0000, 0000H])
・Command
Number of
Slave
Function
Data item
Number of
3.5 idle
data item to
address
code
data
characters
write
(01H)
(10H)
(0064H)
(04H)
(0002H)
←character
1
1
2
2
1
⇒
number
⇒
Date 1
Date 2
(0000H)
2
(0000H)
2
Error check
CRC-16
(F474H)
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
・Response message from slave in normal status
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(10H)
Data item
1
1
2
(0064H)
Number of
data item to
write
(0002H)
2
Error check
CRC-16
(0017H)
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
・A response message from the slave in exception (error) status
(When number of data has been mistaken.)
Function code MSB is set to 1 for the response message in exception (error) status (90H).
The exception code 03H (Value out of the device numbers) is returned as contents of error.
<Mistaken message example (Command)>
Number of
Slave
Function
Number of
3.5 idle
data item to
address
code
data
write
characters
(01H)
(10H)
(06H)
(0002H)
↑Mistake
⇒
⇒
Data 1
Data 2
(0000H)
(0000H)
<Response message from slave to mistaken command
(Response message in exception (error) status)>
Slave
Function
Exception
Error check
3.5 idle
address
code
code
CRC-16
characters
(01H)
(90H)
(03H)
(0C01H)
34
Error check
CRC-16
(8DB4)
3.5 idle
characters
3.5 idle
characters
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
7.4.2 Data Register List
Data item
(MEWTOCOL)
0032H
(DT00050)
0033H
(DT00051)
0034H
(DT00052)
0035H
(DT00053)
0036H
(DT00054)
0037H
(DT00055)
0064H
(DT00100)
0065H
(DT00101)
006BH
(DT00107)
006CH
(DT00108)
003CH
(DT00060)
003DH
(DT00061)
003EH
(DT00062)
Name
Rate ¥(JPY)
Unit
0.01
Rate $
0.001$
Rate €(EUR)
0.001€
Rate yuan (CNY)
0.01CNY
Rate No currency
(CHG)
Conversion factor
(CO2)
Integral
active power
0.01
0.001
kg-CO2
0.01kWh
Current L1A (CT1)
0.1A
Current L2A (CT2)
0.1A
CT type
Unit for
Pulse output
Rated A
(rms)
-
Primary side
003FH
current value
1A
(DT00063)
when CT 5A
0040H
Alarm value
(DT00064)
(Instantaneous
0.01kW
0041H
active power)
(DT00065)
0042H
VT ratio
0.01
(DT00066)
0043H
Current threshold for
0.1%
(CT00067) time measurement
0044H
Cutoff current
0.1%
(DT00068)
0096H
(DT00150)
Load ON-time
0.1h
0097H
(DT00151)
0098H
(DT00152)
Load OFF-time
0.1h
0099H
(DT00153)
Kind of date
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
32bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Range: Hexadecimal
(Range: Decimal)
MODBUS
Function
code
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 3B9AC9FFH
(0 to 999999999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H
5H(5), 32H(50), 64H(100),
FAH(250), 190H(400)
03H/06H/10H
Unsigned
32bit
1H(1)<0.001>, AH(10)<0.01>,
64H(100)<0.1>, 3E8H(1000)<1>,
2710H(10000)<10>,
186A0H(100000)<100>,
03H/06H/10H
3E7H(999)
<Instantaneous electric power:
Values of 0040H, 0041H>
Unsigned
16bit
1H to FA0H (1 to 4000)
03H/06H/10H
Unsigned
32bit
0H to F423FH (1 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
Unsigned
16bit
64H to 270FH (100 to 9999) 03H/06H/10H
AH to 3E8H (10 to 1000)
03H/06H/10H
AH to 1F4H (10 to 500)
03H/06H/10H
Unsigned
32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999) 03H/06H/10H
Unsigned
32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999) 03H/06H/10H
35
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
009AH
(DT00154)
Unsigned
Pulse count value
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
-
03H/06H/10H
32bit
009BH
(DT00155)
009EH
(DT00158)
Unsigned
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
-
03H/06H/10H
Preset value
32bit
009FH
(DT00159)
00A0H
1H to 186A0H (1 to 100000)
Unsigned
(DT00160)
Pre-scale value
0.001
03H/06H/10H
*Decimal point is fixed.
32bit
00A1H
(DT00161)
00A2H
Max.
Unsigned
Hz
1EH (30),7D0H (2000)
03H/06H/10H
(DT00162) counting speed
16bit
00A3H
Unsigned
Auto-off time
min
0H to 63H (0 to 99)
03H/06H/10H
(DT00163)
16bit
0H(0):CNT, 1H(1): l ,
Unsigned
00A4H
Display unit
-
03H/06H/10H
2H(2): kl , 3H(3): m3
16bit
(DT00164)
00AAH
(DT00170) Voltage L1V
Unsigned
0.1V
0H to 1869FH (0 to 99999)
03H
(Between
1
and
2)
32bit
00ABH
(DT00171)
00ACH
(DT00172) Voltage L2V
Unsigned
0.1V
0H to 1869FH (0 to 99999)
03H
(Between 2 and 3)
32bit
00ADH
(DT00173)
00B0H
(DT00176) Instantaneous
Unsigned
0.01kW
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
power
32bit
00B1H
(DT00177)
note 1) 03H: Read
06H/10H: Write
note 2) Data register except specified is “0”.
note 3) If each setting value is wrote by communication, it memories to internal EEP-ROM at the same
time. Therefore, change setting frequently makes EEP-ROM’s life short. Avoid to usage like this.
note 4) Write a data within the range when you write it.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 8 Specifications
8.1 Main unit
Rated operating voltage
100-120V AC / 200-240V AC
Rated frequency
50/60Hz common
Rated power consumption
8VA
Allowable operating
85-132/170-264V AC (85 to 110% of rated operating voltage)
voltage range
Allowable momentary
10ms
power-off time
Ambient temperature
-10 to +50℃ (-25 to +70℃ at storage)
Ambient humidity
30 to 85%RH (at 20℃) non-condensing
【Use as a Power meter】
・Insulated circuit
(Between [A] - [B],[B] - [C],[A] - [C])
[A] Power terminal
(1(R),2(N,S),3(T)),
CT input terminal
(CT1(+),CT2(+),CT1,2(-))
[B] RS-485 terminal(+,-)
[C] Pulse output terminal(+,-)
・Outer edge (enclosure)
-all terminals
【Use as a Pulse counter】
・Insulated circuit
(Between [A]-[B], [B]-[C], [A]-[C])
[A] Power terminal (1(R),2(N)),
Pulse input terminal (CT1 (+), 0V)
[B] RS-485 terminal (+,-)
[C] Pulse output terminal (+,-)
・Outer edge (case)-all terminals
Breakdown voltage (initial)
Between the isolated circuits:
2000V for 1min
Cut-off current: 10mA
Insulation
resistance (initial)
Between the isolated circuits:
100MΩor more
(measured with 500V DC)
Vibration resistance
10 to 55Hz (1cycle/min) single amplitude: 0.75mm(1h on 3 axes)
Shock resistance
Min. 294m/s2
Display method
6-digit, 7-segment LCD with backlight (Setting value)
4-digit, 16-segment (Mode) LCD
Upper section: Green, Lower section: Amber
Power failure memory
method
EEP-ROM (more than 100,000 overwrite)
Protection
IEC Standard IP66 (only front panel with rubber gasket)
Note) Mounted in a row, waterproofing property will be lost.
Weight
approx.130g (11-pin type), approx.140g (Screw terminal type)
(5 times on 3 axes)
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
8.2 Input Specifications
8.2.1 Power Input
Single-phase two-wire system
(common)
Single-phase three-wire system
Three-phase three-wire system
Single-phase two-wire : 100-120/200-240V AC (common)
Rating
Single-phase three-wire : 100-120V AC
Three-phase three-wire : 100-240V AC
Allowance
85 to 110% of rated input voltage
Single-phase two-wire : 85-132/170-264V AC (common)
Allowable measurement
Single-phase three-wire : 85-132V AC
voltage
Three-phase three-wire : 85-264V AC
1.00 to 99.99 (Set with setting mode)
Phase and wire system
Input
voltage
*Voltage transformer (VT) is required when you measure a load with
voltage over 240VAC (Allowable measurement voltage).
*Secondary voltage rating of VT is 110V.
VT ratio
Input
current
Primary side rating
<Using the dedicated CT>
・5A/50A/100A/250A/400A (Select with setting mode)
<Using a commercial CT with the secondary side current 5A>
・1 to 4000A (Set with setting mode)
*Use a CT with secondary side current of 5A when measure 400A or
more.
Special
functions
Cut-off current
Hour meter
current
1.0 to 50.0%F.S
threshold
Basic
accuracy
Accuracy
(without error
in CT and VT)
Temperature
characteristics
Frequency
characteristics
1.0 to 100.0%F.S
Instantaneous electric power / Integral electric power /
Electricity charge / Conversion value
Within ± (2.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(at 20 °C, rated input, rated frequency, power factor 1)
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (2.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
*Accuracy coverage:5 to 100% of rated current
Current
Within ± (1.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (2.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(at 20 °C rated input, rated frequency, power factor 1)
*Accuracy coverage: 5 to 100 % of rated current
Voltage
Within ± (1.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(at 20 °C rated input, rated frequency, power factor 1)
Hour Meter
±0.01%±1digit (at 20℃)
(In case power on start or current energizing,±0.01%+1s±1 digit)
Within ± (1.0 % F.S.+ 1 digit)
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (1.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(Range of -10 to 50 °C 14 to 122 °F, rated input, power factor 1)
Within ± (1.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (1.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(Frequency change ± 5 % based on rated frequency,
rated input, power factor 1)
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
8.2.2 Pulse input specifications
Input mode
Max. counting speed
Output mode
Addition (Fixed)
2kHz /30Hz (Select with setting mode)
Min. input signal width:
0.25ms (When selected 2kHz) /16.7ms (When selected 30Hz)
ON:OFF ratio = 1 : 1
Contact / No contact (open collector)
・Impedance when shorted: 1kΩ
・Residual voltage when shorted: Max. 2V
・Impedance when open: 100kΩ
HOLD (Over count)
Number of Digit
6-digit (0 to 999999) (Selectable with setting mode)
Pulse input
Input signal
Pre-scale setting
Decimal point
Set to 3rd decimal places (Auto-setting)
Range
0.001 to 100.000 (Selectable with setting mode)
「CNT」/「l」/「kl」/「m3」 (Selectable with setting mode)
(Count value does not change even if the unit setting is changed during counting.)
Unit
8.3 Pulse output (Transistor output) Specifications
Number of output point
1 point
Insulation method
Optical coupler
Output type
Open collector
Output capacity
100mA 30V DC
Pulse width
approx. 10ms *
ON state voltage drop
1.5V or less
OFF state leakage current
100μA or less
Pulse
output unit
Power measurement
0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh/Alarm (Selectable with setting mode)
Pulse measurement
HOLD (Over count)
* We recommend the setting of minimum unit for pulse output for measurement shown as below.
Output pulse: 4 pulse or less per 1sec.
How to calculate
(Unit for pulse output:PL-P)>(Max. measurement power [kW])/(3600[s]×4 [pulse/s])
Caution (1) Improper unit setting may cause miss counting.
(2) If the OFF time is too short, there is a possibility of counting errors.
8.4 Communication Specifications
Interface
Protocol
Isolation status
Number of connected units
Transmission distance
Transmission speed
Conforming to RS-485
MEWTOCOL/MODBUS (RTU) (different model)
Isolated with the internal circuit
99 (max.) ※1 ※2
1200m
38400/19200/9600/4800/2400bps (selectable with setting mode)
8bit/7bit (selectable with setting mode)
(MEWTOCOL type)
Data length
7bit (fixed)
(MODBUS type)
Transmission
Not available/Odd number/Even number
Parity
Format
(selectable with setting mode)
1bit(fixed)
Stop bit
Communication method
Half-duplex
Synchronous system
Synchronous communication method
Approx. 120Ω(built-in)※3
Ending resistance
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
※1 For RS-485 converter on the computer side, we recommend SI-35 (from LINE EYE Co.,Ltd.).
※2 When using SI-35, SI-35USB or PLC from our company (which can be connected up to 99 units), up to 99
Eco-POWER METER can be connected.
In case using this system with the other devices, up to 31 Eco-POWER METER can be connected.
※3 Change the sliding switch of main unit as a terminal station. (Factory setting; General side)
8.5 Self-diagnostic function
If an error occurs, the following indication will be given.
Indicator
Meaning
Output status
To recover
Err-00
CPU error
Turn the power off and then on again.
OFF
Err-01
Memory error*
EEP-ROM life ended. Replace the unit.
*Includes the possibility that the EEP-ROM’s life has expired.
8.6 Applicable standard
Safety standard
EMC
EN61010-1
EMI
EN61326-1
EMS
EN61326-1
Radiation interference field strength
Noise terminal voltage
Static discharge immunity
RF electromagnetic field immunity
EFT/B immunity
Surge immunity
Conductivity noise immunity
Power frequency magnetic field immunity
Voltage dip / Instantaneous stop /
Voltage fluctuation immunity
CISPR11 class A
CISPR11 class A
EN61000-4-2
EN61000-4-3
EN61000-4-4
EN61000-4-5
EN61000-4-6
EN61000-4-8
EN61000-4-11
8.7 Dedicated Current Transformer Specifications
●Clamp-on type
Model No
Primary side rated current
Secondary side rated
Current
Transform ratio
Ratio error
Hole Dia (mm)
AKW4801C
5A / 50A
1.67mA /
16.7mA
3000:1
AKW4802C
100A
AKW4803C
250A
AKW4804C
400A
33.3mA
125mA
200mA
3000:1
2000:1
2000:1
±2.0% F.S.
φ10
φ16
φ24
φ36
AC1000V/1min
AC2000V/1min
Breakdown voltage (initial)
(Between through hole
(Between through hole
and output lead wire)
and output lead wire)
Insulation resistance (initial) Min. 100MΩ (at DC500V) (Between through hole and output lead wire)
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.15mm
Functional
Vibration
(10 min. on X,Y and Z axes)
resistance
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.375mm
Destructive
(1 hrs. on X,Y and Z axes)
Shock
Functional Min. 98m/s2 (4 times on X,Y and Z axes)
resistance
Destructive Min. 294m/ s2 (5 times on X,Y and Z axes)
±7.5V with clamp element
±3.0V with clamp element
Output protection level
Permissible
Approx. 100 times
clamping frequency
-10 to +50℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Ambient temperature
-20 to +60℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Storage temperature
30 to 85%RH (at 20℃) non-condensing
Ambient humidity
Weight (with relay cable)
Approx. 60g
Approx. 90g
Approx. 200g
Approx. 295g
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
●Through type
Model No
Primary side rated current
Secondary side rated
Current
Transform ratio
Ratio error
Hole Dia (mm)
AKW4506C
50A / 100A
AKW4507C
250A / 400A
16.7mA / 33.3mA
125mA / 200mA
3000:1
2000:1
±1.0%F.S.
φ17
AC1000V/1min
φ36
AC2000V/1min
(Between through hole
(Between through hole and output lead
Breakdown voltage (initial)
wire)
and output lead wire)
Insulation resistance (initial) Min. 100MΩ (at DC500V) (Between through hole and output lead wire)
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.15mm
Functional
Vibration
(10 min. on X,Y and Z axes)
resistance
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.375mm
Destructive
(1 hrs. on X,Y and Z axes)
2
Functional Min. 98m/s (4 times on X,Y and Z axes)
Shock
resistance
Destructive Min. 294m/ s2 (5 times on X,Y and Z axes)
±7.5V with clamp element
±3.0V with clamp element
Output protection level
-10 to +50℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Ambient temperature
-20 to +60℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Storage temperature
30 to 85%RH (at 20℃ non-condensing)
Ambient humidity
Weight (with relay cable)
Approx. 70g
Approx. 200g
Note) Dedicated current transformers (CT) are dedicated for low voltage under 440V. They can not
be used for high voltage circuit. In case measuring high voltage circuit, make a 2-step
construction by combination of a commercial CT of secondary side current 5A for high
voltage and the dedicated CT for 5A.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 9 Mounting
9.1 Dimensions
(Unit: mm)
(Clearance: ±1.0)
9.1.1 Main unit
◆Screw terminal type (AKW5111)
◆Pin type (AKW5211)
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◆Panel Cut-out dimensions
Dimension A when ‘u’ products are mounted in a row: A=(48*n-2.5)+0.6
0
If the products are mounted in a row, they lose their waterproofing properties.
◆Panel mounting diagram
How to mount
From the panel front, pass the main unit through the square holes. Insert the mounting frame from the
rear and push it in so that the gap between the mounting frame and the panel surface is minimized.
Tighten the screws (2 places) equally tight and check that there is no rattling. If the screws are overly
tightened, the frame may come off. In that case, loosen the screws and tighten them again pushing the
frame in.
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
9.1.2 Dedicated CT
◆For 5A/50A (AKW4801C)
◆For 100A (AKW4802C)
44
KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◆For 250A (AKW4803C)
◆For 400A (AKW4804C)
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
◆For 50A/100A (AKW4506C)
◆For 250A/400A (AKW4507C), For 600A (AKW4508C)
◆Attached trunk cable (common)
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 10 Q&A
Q&A
Q1 I’d like to measure by Eco-POWER METER.
Measured load is 50 to 60A in normal operation. But the inrush current is 130 to 140 A.
Which CT is selected? (100A or 250A)
A1 Select 100ACT.
Stable current more than 1 second is necessary to measure. The inrush current seems to be a
few ms, therefore it can’t measure it. In case there is current over 1 second (inrush current), it
measures it and select 250A CT.
Q2
A2
Current and voltage are displayed. But it can’t measure an electric power.
・Do you install CT to the correct position and correct direction?
CT has directions.
Install CT according to the direction marked. From power supply side (K) to load side (L).
・Do you wire measurement voltage input correctly?
When phases of voltage and current are not matched, it can’t measure correctly.
Please check the wiring.
Q3
A3
How long do I extend CT cable?
You can extend up to about 10 m with cable of AWG#22 or more.
We can’t guarantee the specifications if you extend more than 10m.
Q4
A4
How do you guarantee the accuracy of measurement with low current range?
Up to 5% for CT rating.
In case of CT50A, it guarantees for an electric power with current 2.5A or more.
Q5
A5
How long do I extend pulse input cable?
You can extend up to 10m with shielded wire or a metallic electric wire tube individually.
Q6
A6
What do I use the function of primary side current of CT for?
It is assumed that the use for 2nd stage CT with combination of CT.
You set the primary side current of 1st stage CT (refer to mode1).
In order to measure a large capacity current such as 1000A, it converts to 5A (small current) and
measures the load.
Q7
A7
Are there any attachments in order to fix CT?
Sorry but there is no attachment.
Q8
Eco-POWER METER measures only voltage and current. How is it measure an electric power?
What is the reason why it can’t measure when CT is connected wrong direction?
Electric power is calculated using instantaneous voltage and instantaneous current.
When CT is connected wrong direction, it measures minus value in fact, but it displays 0kW with
Eco-POWER METER.
A8
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KW4M Eco-POWER METER
Revision History
Issue Date
Manual no.
Content of revision
June, 2005
October, 2007
ARCT1F413E
ARCT1F413E-1
March, 2008
ARCT1F413E-2
October, 2008
ARCT1F413E-3
January, 2012
ARCT1F413E-4
July, 2013
ARCT1F413E-5
1st edition
2nd edition
6-3 Wiring:
Add the explanation in detail.
3rd edition
MODBUS type series addition
・Model No.
・MODBUS communication
・MODBUS specifications
4th edition
・Change company name
・New function addition
Display of charge, CHG and CO2
Transmission speed (38400bps)
・Optional parts addition
AKW4822 Installation frame
AKW4823 Terminal protective cover
5th edition
[Improve spec.]
Improve the accuracy
[Correct error]
output connection wring
6th edition
Company name change
©
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