FT1 Series Friction Tester Machines User Manual

Part No. 01/3935
July 2013
FT1 Series
Friction Tester Machines
User Manual
FT1 User Manual
1
WARRANTY
This instrument is warranted against defects in workmanship, material and design for one (1) year
from date of delivery to the extent that AMETEK will, at its sole option, repair or replace the instrument
or any part thereof which is defective, provided, however, that this warranty shall not apply to instruments subjected to tampering or, abuse, or exposed to highly corrosive conditions.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
AND AMETEK HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR MERCHANTABILITY.
AMETEK SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY ANTICIPATED OR LOST PROFITS.
This warranty is voidable if the purchaser fails to follow any and all instructions, warnings or cautions
in the instrument’s Instruction Manual.
If a manufacturing defect is found, AMETEK will replace or repair the instrument or replace any defective part thereof without charge; however, AMETEK’s obligation hereunder does not include the cost
of transportation, which must be borne by the customer. AMETEK assumes no responsibility for damage in transit, and any claims for such damage should be presented to the carrier by the purchaser.
TRADEMARKS
AMETEK is a registered trademarks of AMETEK,
Inc. LLOYD INSTRUMENTS is a trademark of
AMETEK, Inc. Other trademarks are the property
of their respective owners.
SUPPORT
AMETEK Lloyd Instruments Ltd
Steyning Way
Bognor Regis
West Sussex
UK
PO22 9ST
Tel:
+44 (0) 1243 833 370
Fax: +44 (0) 1243 833 401
techsupport@ametek.co.uk
www.lloyd-instruments.co.uk
AMETEK Measurement and Calibration
Technologies
8600 Somerset Drive
Largo, FL 33773
USA
Tel:+1-727-536-7831
Tel:
+1-800-527-9999 (within USA only)
www.chatillon.com
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FT1 User Manual
CAUTION!
HIGH FORCES ARE OFTEN INVOLVED WITH THE
MATERIAL TESTING PROCESSES.
THE MACHINE IS POWERED BY MAINS SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
CLASS 1 PRODUCT, MUST BE CONNECTED TO A
MAINS SOCKET OUTLET WITH A PROTECTIVE EARTH
CONNECTION
DO NOT POSITION THE EQUIPMENT SO THAT IT IS
DIFFICULT TO OPERATE THE DISCONNECT DEVICE
(MACHINE MAINS INLET SOCKET)
IF THE EQUIPMENT IS USED IN A MANOR NOT SPECIFIED BY THE MANUFACTURER, THE PROTECTION
PROVIDED BY THE EQUIPMENT MAY BE IMPAIRED
TO MAINTAIN ALL ASPECTS OF THE SPECIFICATION,
ONLY LLOYD INSTRUMENTS APPROVED ACCESSORIES CONNECTIONS AND COMPONENTS SHOULD
BE USED
STRICTLY ADHERE TO ALL SPECIFIED SAFETY
PROCEDURES
READ THIS MANUAL BEFORE USING THE MATERIALS
TESTING MACHINE.
Icons
WARNING
The raised hand icon warns of a situation or condition that may lead to personal injury
or death. Do not proceed until the warning is read and thoroughly understood. Warning messages are shown in bold type.
DANGEROUS VOLTAGE
The lightning icon warns of the presence of an uninsulated dangerous voltage within
the product enclosure that might be of sufficient magnitude to cause serious shocks
or death. Never open the enclosures unless you are an authorized and qualified
LLOYD INSTRUMENTS’ service personnel. Never open any enclosure when power
is connected to the system or its components.
CAUTION
The exclamation point icon indicates a situation or condition that may lead to equipment malfunction or damage. Do not proceed until the caution message is read and
thoroughly understood. Caution messages are shown in bold type.
NOTE
The note icon indicates additional or supplementary information about the action,
activity or concept. Notes are shown in bold type.
General Safety
General safety precautions must be followed
when using this LLOYD INSTRUMENTS product. Failure to observe precautions and warnings may result in damage to the equipment, or
injury to personnel.
It is understood that safety rules within companies vary. If a conflict exists between the material contained in all LLOYD INSTRUMENTS’
User’s Guides and the rules of a company using
a LLOYD INSTRUMENTS product, the more
stringent rules should take precedence.
Safety Considerations
The FT1 is completely enclosed and provides no
potentially hazardous outputs. Safety considerations are related to the power connections and
physical mountings.
Electronic and mechanical components housed
within the FT1 covers are to be serviced by
authorized LLOYD INSTRUMENTS’ representatives only.
safety of the operator, other people, machine
and properties by providing guards, shields,
screen, adequate lighting, adequate ventilation,
ect. Furthermore, when the machine is installed,
wired and ready for its intended use the final
user must conduct the final Risk Assessment on
the machine, including all such safety measures
(shield, guard, etc.), to satisfy the requirements
of Machinery Directive and EHSR (Essential
Health and Safety Requirements).
The FT1 Frame has a potential to
crush objects! Please ensure your
hands are kept away from the FT1
moving arm.
When designing custom fixtures!
Ensure fixtures load ratings exceed the
FT1 load cell maximum load rating. I.e.
If load cell is 1kN the fixtures must be
designed to exceed 1kN load.
The final and full compliance with the requirements of the MSD 2006-42-EC will be dependant on the industry, application, material (to be
tested), location (of the use), ect. the final user
must take the necessary steps to ensure the
FT1 User Manual
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FT1 User Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 INTRODUCTION................................ 6
1.1Safety.................................................. 7
2.0 Electrical Safety...................... 7
3.0 INSTALLATION.................................. 8
3.1Unpacking........................................... 8
3.2 Setting Up Your Machine.................... 8
3.3 Securing to the workbench................. 9
3.4 Voltage Selection................................ 9
3.5 Computer and Other Connections..... 10
3.6 ON-OFF Switch.................................. 10
3.7 Fitting the Load Cell........................... 11
3.8 Additional Load Cells......................... 11
3.9 Fitting the Friction Tester bed............. 12
3.10 Fitting the String Holder..................... 12
4.0 4.1
4.2
4.3
LOAD CELLS....................................
Care of Load Cells.............................
Fitting Load Cells...............................
General Precautions..........................
13
13
13
14
5.0 ACCESSORIES and STRUCTURE.. 15
CONTROL CONSOLES....................
Main Control Console Description.....
Keypad Operation and Description....
The Display........................................
“SWITCH-ON” DIisplay......................
17
17
18
20
20
7.0 OPERATIONAL PRECAUTION........
7.1Safety.................................................
7.2 Emergency Stop................................
7.3 Splinter Shields..................................
7.4 Lower Anchor Pin Adjustment............
7.5 Limit Stops.........................................
22
22
23
23
24
25
PERFORMING A TEST.....................
Performing a Test...............................
Test Parameters.................................
Selecting a Test..................................
Starting a Test....................................
Stopping a Test..................................
Printing Test Results..........................
Canceling or Accepting Results.........
Viewing the Statistics.........................
Error Conditions.................................
27
27
27
28
30
30
30
30
31
31
6.0 6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
8.0 8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
9.0 SETTING UP A NEW TEST...............
9.1 Pre-defined Test Setups.....................
9.2 Default Global Settings......................
9.3 Editing a Pre-defined Test Setup.......
9.4 Password Access...............................
9.5 Renaming the Test.............................
9.6 Deleting a Test...................................
9.7 Global Settings...................................
9.8 Setting a Password............................
9.9 Safety Load Limit...............................
9.10 Slow Jog Speed.................................
9.11 Setting for Printer...............................
9.12 Grip Protection Settings.....................
9.13 Current Language..............................
9.14 Machine Stiffness...............................
9.15 Test Setup Display.............................
9.16 Test Type............................................
9.17 Selecting Machine Stiffness
Compensation....................................
9.18 Test Options.......................................
9.19 Test Results.......................................
9.20 Pass/Fail Values................................
9.21 Defining Sample.................................
9.22 Pre-Test Questions............................
32
32
34
34
34
35
35
35
36
36
36
36
36
36
37
37
38
40
40
43
43
44
44
10.0 ERROR CONDITION......................... 45
10.1 Error Conditions................................. 45
11.0 CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE.... 47
11.1 Cleaning External Finish and Trim..... 47
11.2Maintenance...................................... 47
12.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION.......... 48
12.1 Technical Specification - FT1............ 48
12.2 Overall Dimensions FT1.................... 49
13.0 RoHS tables....................................... 50
14.0 Spare Parts Kits................................. 51
FT1 User Manual
5
1.0INTRODUCTION
Welcome to your new FT1 series advanced,
single column, universal testing machine. It
incorporates an extensive range of features
making it ideal for performing complex testing
applications. The machine is microprocessor
controlled and uses world proven 32 bit technology for highly accurate load measurement and
rapid data acquisition.
NEXYGENPlus™ data analysis and applications
software, please contact your authorised LLOYD
INSTRUMENTS Sales Representative.
The stand alone system is capable of storing up
to 600 test results from a choice of 10 user programmable test set-ups, or may be connected
via its USB output to a personal computer
running NEXYGENPlus™, providing almost
unlimited testing capability and result manipulation facilities.
The high stiffness frame incorporates a crosshead guidance system to prevent side loading
of the sample under test. The crosshead is
driven by single lead screw, motor and DC PWM
system to achieve a wide speed range over
the full load range. The machine is capable of
running full load at full speed. A range of highly
accurate, interchangeable loadcells are available
for tension, compression and cycling through
force measurements. The system is ideal for use
in production, quality control, educational and
research environments.
The FT1 is designed to meet a broad range of
applications. This is achieved mainly through the
embedded control software and easily configurable data acquisition software, available as an
optional extra.
NEXYGENPlus™ software is fully WINDOWS®
compliant and compatible, it seamlessly integrates with contemporary MICROSOFT® Office
programs using OLE2 technology. The program
is easy to use, making use of drop down
windows prompts, drag and drop, cut and paste
routines. Data can easily be exported to programs such as EXCEL®, ACCESS®, OUTLOOK®
and POWERPOINT® for further manipulation,
and enhanced presentation. NEXYGENPlus™
software contains a library of pre-programmed
test set-ups for conducting fully automated tests,
in accordance with international standards.
For advice and information about the
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FT1 User Manual
FT1 with friction table
1.1SAFETY
CAUTION: Materials testing machines are very safe to use providing the instructions presented in this manual are followed precisely. We would like to draw your attention to both
the Electrical Safety (Section 2.0 page 7) and Operational Precautions, (Section 7.0 page
23). Please refer to both sections for details on safe operation of this equipment before
operating your materials testing machine.
Transparent splinter shields are available as an option to enclose the test sample if there is any danger of samples shattering as a result of the test. These shields have an electronic interlock such that
the test cannot be started until the hinged shield is closed. While not mandatory for many applications and countries, AMETEK Lloyd Instruments Ltd. strongly recommends that users consider fitting
this option.
2.0 ELECTRICAL SAFETY
1.The FT1 Friction Tester has been designed to meet the requirements of BS EN 61010-1 : 2001
Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use.
2. The User Manual contains some information and warnings, which have to be followed by the
user to ensure safe operation and to keep the machine in safe condition.
3. The machine has been designed for indoor use. It may occasionally be subjected to temperatures between -10ºC and +35ºC (14ºF and 95ºF) without degradation of its safety.
4. Before switching on the machine make sure that it is set to the voltage of the mains electricity
supply.
5. This machine complies with electrical safety grade Class 1, which means that it is “earthed
apparatus” and requires the mains plug to contain a protective earth terminal. The mains plug
must only be inserted in a socket outlet provided with a protective earth contact. The protective
action must not be negated by the use of an extension cord without a protective conductor.
6.
Make sure that only fuses with the required rated current and of the specified type are used for
replacement. The use of makeshift fuses and the short-circuiting of fuse holders is prohibited.
7.
There are no user serviceable parts within the machine.
8.
The machine must be disconnected from all voltage sources before it is opened for any adjustments, replacement, maintenance or repair.
9.
Capacitors inside the machine may still be charged even if the machine has been disconnected
from all voltage sources.
10. Any adjustment, maintenance or repair of the opened machine connect to the mains supply voltage should be avoided as far as possible but if inevitable, must only be carried out by a skilled
person who is aware of the hazard involved.
11. Only use safety approved power cords that come with the FT1 Series test machines.
FT1 User Manual
7
3.0INSTALLATION
3.1UNPACKING
The FT1 on its own, without the packing and accessories weighs more than 50kg (110lb). Therefore,
safe lifting practices should be employed and lifting equipment used as necessary.
The FT1 test machine is packed in a rugged shipping crate to minimize damage caused from shipping mishandling.
NOTE: Please make a careful visual inspection of all the parts made to ensure that there
is no obvious transit damage.
NOTE: Please check that you have received all the parts that were ordered. If there is any
damage, or parts missing, please report them to your authorised LLOYD INSTRUMENTS
representative.
3.2
SETTING UP YOUR MACHINE
The FT1 Materials Testing Machine is a heavy item and great care should be taken in choosing
the location where it is to be installed. Ensure the bench is capable of remaining firm and stable,
withstanding the combined weight of the machine and any accessories supplied. Please see the
Specification page at the end of this manual for the weight of the apparatus. The machine must be
vertical, otherwise the results may be affected, particularly for very low loads.
CAUTION: At no time should the FT1 be lifted by placing hands under the frame feet.
The FT1 must be positioned such that the front can be easily accessed, and that the emergency stop
button is not obstructed in any way. Please ensure utmost care is taken when lifting this instrument,
use safe working practices. Lifting equipment should be used as necessary.
The two recommended methods are described below:
1.
2.
Lifting with a pallet. A pallet may be fitted under the machine so it may be lifted to the desired
position with a forklift or a suitable lifting trolley.
Lifting by hand. The machine can be lifted manually, at least 2 people should be employed to
do this as the machine weighs more than 50kg (110lb). Do not lift using plastic base cover. Lift
using aluminum bottom plate as a support.
The FT1 Friction Tester may be shipped with the
load cell cable plugged into itself during shipping. If cable is plugged in as shown to the right
remove the 15 pin connector and plug it into the
15 pin D-sub connector in the lower rear of the
FT1 test machine.
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FT1 User Manual
3.3 SECURING TO THE WORKBENCH
The FT1 series material tester is a heavy item and cannot normally tip over. However, if there is the
possibility that users can pull against the vertical column, then there is a risk that the machine may be
pulled over.
It is required that the FT1 series material tester is secured to the bench using the 2 tapped holes in
the base of the machine. The template below shows the location of 2 holes that are required in the
top of the workbench for the two M6 bolts. The FT1 series test machine has 2 screws, 2 spacers and
two washers as part of the standard accessories to properly mount the test machine to a standard
workbench. If the two mounting screws are the wrong length you may substitute the screws with
standard M6 X P1.0 screws.
3.4 VOLTAGE SELECTION
The FT1 can be used with electricity supplies of either 230Vac ±10% or 115Vac ±10%. The power input cable should be inserted at the rear of the machine. Before switching on the machine you MUST
check the correct voltage has been selected on the mains input connector. Ensure that the selection
is correct for the voltage of your power supply.
CAUTION: You must check to ensure the correct voltage has been selected on the mains
input connector before you switch the machine ON.
To change the voltage setting, unplug the mains lead from the back of the machine and use a
screwdriver to open the voltage selector. The screwdriver should then be used to move the selector
from the 115V position to the 230V position as appropriate. You MUST also check that the fuse rating
is suitable for the supply voltage that you are using. The fuses (live and neutral) located inside the
power input connector.
Voltage Selection
Main Power Switch
Power Mains Input
The FT1 test machine uses two ceramic high breaking capacity type fuses (20mm x 5mm) as shown
above. The two fuses are assembled into the power entry module fuse block as shown above.
WARNING: Replace the fuses with the exact same type and rating as the ones supplied by
factory. Do not replace with higher or lower rated fuses.
Fuse Ratings and Part Numbers
Model
Fuse Rating
FS1 - 115VAC
3.15A
FS1 - 230VAC
3.15A
Part Number
SPK/LS1/0011/A
SPK/LS1/0011/A
Type
T3A15H250V
T3A15H250V
FT1 User Manual
9
Extensometer Interface Connector
Load Cell Cable Connector
USB Port
Hand Held Remote or Main
Console Connector
Emergency Stop Button
Safeline Button
When illuminated, the safeline
switch is open. There is no
crosshead movement or motor
control. Depress the button to
close the switch and allow for
motor and crosshead movement.
NOTE: To maintain EMC compatibility, only connection leads supplied by LLOYD
should be used to connect this equipment to computers and/or accessories.
3.5 COMPUTER AND OTHER CONNECTIONS
Use lead part number CBT/1357/00, supplied in the accessory kit with the FT1, to connect the
machine to a computer.
3.6 ON-OFF SWITCH
The main power switch is located on the machine base at the rear. The switch is a rocker type with
positions O and l. Press O to turn power off. Press I to supply power to the machine. If the safeline
button illuminates the switch is open- there is no power to the crosshead motor circuit and the crosshead cannot move. Depress the safeline button, the light on the safeline button will turn off meaning
the switch is closed. Crosshead movement can now be controlled. Use the main power switch to
turn power off when the machine is not required.
NOTE: Load cells are precision measuring devices. Always handle load cells with
extreme care to prevent damage.
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FT1 User Manual
3.7 FITTING THE LOAD CELL
Before the machine is powered up, or any test set-ups are entered, the Load Cell should be fitted.
Carefully unpack the Load Cell(s) supplied with your machine. Please make all operators aware that
they are precision load measuring devices and should be treated with great care. Please read
SECTION 4.0 LOAD CELLS before proceeding further.
3.8 ADDITIONAL LOAD CELLS
The following standard Load Cells are available for your FT1.
DescriptionAccuracy
CapacityOrder Number
YLC-0005-A1
0.5% accuracy 5N
01/3871
YLC-0010-A1
0.5% accuracy 10N
01/3872
YLC-0020-A1
0.5% accuracy 20N
01/3873
YLC-0050-A1
0.5% accuracy 50N
01/3874
YLC-0100-A1 0.5% accuracy 100N
01/3875
YLC-0250-A1 0.5% accuracy 250N
01/3876
YLC-0500-A1
0.5% accuracy 500N
01/3877
YLC-1000-A1 0.5% accuracy 1000N
01/3878
YLC-2500-A1
0.5% accuracy
2500N
01/3879
YLC-5000-A1
0.5% accuracy
5000N
01/3880
FT1 Load Cell resolution
Load Cell LBF Resolution
5N
1LBF X 0.00001 LBF
10N
2 LBF X 0.0001 LBF
20N
5 LBF X 0.0001 LBF
50N 10 LBF X 0.0001 LBF
100N 20 LBF X 0.001 LBF
250N 50 LBF X 0.001 LBF
500N 100 LBF X 0.001 LBF
1000N 200 LBF X 0.01 LBF
2500N 500 LBF X 0.01 LBF
5000N 1000 LBF X 0.01 LBF
N Resolution
KGF Resolution
5 N X 0.0001 N 0.5 KGF X 0.00001 KGF
10 N X 0.0001 N 1 KGF X 0.00001 KGF
20 N X 0.001 N
2 KGF X 0.0001 KGF
50 N X 0.001 N
5 KGF X 0.0001 KGF
100 N X 0.001 N 10 KGF X 0.0001 KGF
250 N X 0.01 N
25 KGF X 0.001 KGF
500 N X 0.01 N
50 KGF X 0.001 KGF
1000 N X 0.01 N 100 KGF X 0.001 KGF
2500 N X 0.1 N
250 KGF X 0.01 KGF
5000 N X 0.1 N
500 KGF X 0.01 KGF
GF Resolution
500 GF X 0.01 GF
1000 GF X 0.01 GF
2000 GF X 0.1 GF
5000 GF X 0.1 GF
10000 GF X 0.1 GF
25000 GF X 1 GF
50000 GF X 1 GF
100000 GF X 1 GF
250000 GF X 1 GF
500000 GF X 1 GF
FT1 User Manual
11
3.9 FITTING THE FRICTION TESTER BED
After the machine has been levelled the friction testing plate should be fitted.
Remove the two support legs from the packaging and screw the feet (FTT/0140/00) fully into the support legs to make the support legs as short as possible. Fit the two support legs by screwing them in
to the two threaded holes. (see drawing below)
To fit the table to the FT1, use the two supplied M6 button head screws, the table has two holes either
side of the pulley wheel, these will align with the two M6 holes on the bottom mounting boss. The
screws should be tightened until there is no movement horizontally or vertically by the table.
BOTTOM MOUNTING BOSS
Bottom mounting boss of FT1
showing the 2 M 6 tapped holes
for securing the table to the base
Look at the bubble in the spirit level and check that the whole machine is level. If necessary use the
feet on the FT1 to re-adjust the level of the instrument until the spirit level on the table has the bubble
positioned in the centre and the table is level.
Next, slowly unscrew the support feet and increase the support column length until the end of the
table is supported but be careful not to over extend the legs to raise the table end and offset the level.
3.10 FITTING THE STRING HOLDER
Fit the String Holder as shown above and tighten the 2 locking nuts
to secure it in place
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FT1 User Manual
4.0 LOAD CELLS
4.1 CARE OF LOAD CELLS
ALL machine operators should be aware that LLOYD INSTRUMENTS’ Load Cells are precision force
measuring instruments, which should be treated with the utmost care to avoid accidental damage. In
particular low force Load Cells are easily damaged if abused or used without sufficient care.
NOTE: Do not submit Load Cells to physical shock of any kind. DO NOT DROP!
NOTE: When a Load Cell is removed from a machine immediately put it in a safe and dry
place.
4.2 FITTING LOAD CELLS
Place the Load Cell fixing screw through the hole in the crosshead and carefully offer up the load cell
with the connecting lead facing inwards under the crosshead.
Screw the fixing screw (A) into the load cell (D), taking care to ensure that the locating dowel (B),
when fitted) on the load cell sits in the hole in the moving crosshead. Tighten the screw with the 8mm
HEX key provided. Insert the load cell plug (C) in the socket on the top of the moving crosshead and
finger tighten the two retaining screws.
C
B
A
D
FT1 Load Cell Fitting
Load Cell Cable Support
The Load Cell Cable Support can be adjusted up or down on the FT1 Column Extrusion using a 5mm
Hex Key. Ensure there is plenty of length in the cable so that the crosshead can travel without pulling
the cable assembly.
FT1 User Manual
13
4.3 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
The following points should be considered:
1.
When installing the upper grip (particularly heavy ones) on the load cell eye end, avoid bumping
the eye end. If the grip is a close fit, DO NOT FORCE IT, establish the reason and rectify. Immediately set, or re-set, the bottom limit stop so the grips will not meet when the crosshead is
lowered. See section 7.5 LIMIT STOPS.
2.
In both tension and compression tests, centre the specimen in line with the axis of the load cell
and the bottom fixed anchoring device or pin to avoid side thrust.
3.
In compression tests, care must be taken to avoid bringing the platens together or against solid
specimens at high speed. Load cells thus damaged cannot be repaired. Ensure that the lower
crosshead limit is set correctly. See section 7.5 LIMIT STOPS.
4.
In compression tests, if special lower fixtures are used, ensure that they are fixed in position
so they cannot be accidentally moved to block the normal downward movement of the upper
fixture, e.g. where a tongue on the upper fixture must fit into a slot in the lower fixture. See section 7.4 LOWER ANCHOR PIN ADJUSTMENT.
5.
Avoid overloading beyond the load cell rated capacity. Prior to testing ensure, if possible, that
the maximum force anticipated will not exceed the capacity of the cell installed. If maximum
capacity is approached during a test, run the machine at slow speed in local mode, and reverse
the crosshead if capacity is exceeded.
6.
LLOYD INSTRUMENTS load cells are built to exceed the standards as set out by ASTM, BS,
DIN etc. All load cells on FT1 machines are user-changeable. Various capacities are available
from 5N up to the capacity of the frame. While cells may be used below 10% of capacity it is
recommended that, when such lower forces are anticipated, a lower force cell be installed such
that the test force will fall in the upper 90% of its range. This will give the best signal to noise
performance of the load measuring system.
NOTE: All machines incorporate overload protection, which will stop the machine if
capacity is exceeded in either tension or compression. However, at higher speeds, momentum may carry the crosshead far enough after shut-off to damage the cell. All load
cells can be damaged this way but in low force cells this distance is very short. Load cells
that incur damage due to overloading cannot be repaired.
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FT1 User Manual
5.0 ACCESSORIES AND STRUCTURE
BOT/0184/00 Adaptor Load Cell To Cord
SCT/0318/00 Cord Retaining Screw
07/1183 Pulley Wheel With Bearing
TPE/0132/00 Double Sided Tape
PLT/1270/00Sled
BRT/0833/00 Sample Attachment Bracket
PLT/1272/00 Friction Base Table
SRT/0220/00
Tension Spring
DRW/0012/00 Drive Cord
LST/0141/00
Spirit Level
PIT/0255/00
Support Leg
FTT/0140/00Foot
See sketches below to see where parts are used.
ASTM D1894 Set-up
ISO 8295 Set-up
TAPPI D1894 Set-up
FT1 User Manual
15
ASTM D 1894
Sled Size
63.25mm ±0.25mm square
Sled Weight
200g ± 5g
Lower sample size
130 x 250 mm
Upper sample size
120 x 120 mm
Test speed
150mm/min ± 30mm/min
Test movement
130mm
Sled movement
Cord to sled
Plate and spring required
No
ISO 8295
Sled Size
63.25mm±0.25mm square
Sled Weight
200g ± 2g
Lower sample size
80 x 200 mm
Upper sample size
80 x 200 mm
Test speed
100mm/min +/- 10 mm/min.
500mm/min may be used but must be reported
Test movement
60 – 100 mm
Sled movement
Cord to film via plate and spring
Plate and spring required
Yes
TAPPI T549
Sled Size
63.25mm±0.25mm square
Sled Weight
200g ± 5g
Lower sample size
100 x 215 mm
Upper sample size
75 x 130 mm
Test speed
150mm/min ± 30 mm/min
Test movement
130 mm
Sled movement
Cord to sled
Plate and spring required
No
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FT1 User Manual
6.0 CONTROL CONSOLES
6.1 MAIN CONTROL CONSOLE DESCRIPTION
The unit has a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) to show set-up information, load and extension values
etc. and a key pad to input information for operating the machine when under control of the console.
The machine is set up by answering simple questions and entering information when requested. The
operating status of the machine is shown and described on the display.
FT1 Control Panel
FT1 User Manual
17
6.2 KEYPAD OPERATION AND
DESCRIPTION
Jog Keys
Fast Jog
Zero
The keypad has 25 keys arranged into 4 groups.
The first group contains 8 keys in the bottom
right hand corner of the keypad
The First Group of Keys
GO
The GO button is used to start a test
from the machine console and is
operable from the “Pre-Test” display.
Go
STOP
The STOP key is used to stop a test
that is being performed from the
machine console, e.g., if the machine
does not stop automatically or the
user requires to abort the test. This is not an Emergency Stop Button. The Emergency Stop Button
(Mushroom) is located on the left
of machine base and can be used to
stop the machine in an emergency
situation.
JOG UP and DOWN These two keys
allow the crosshead to be moved
slowly into position when loading and
removing samples. They are
available when a test is not being
performed and only operate whilst
pressed. The crosshead will run at a
user pre-set jog speed (a set-up
option).
FAST JOG UP and DOWN These two keys
allow the crosshead to be moved at
a fast speed and therefore it is
essential to ensure there are no
obstructions. These keys should only
be used for moving large distances
and not for final adjustment when
the grips are close together. They
are available when a test is not being
performed and only operate whilst
pressed.
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FT1 User Manual
Stop
Return
NOTE: The STOP key is not to
be used for EMERGENCY STOP
conditions. The Emergency Stop
key is located on the left-side of the
machine base.
ZERO
Pressing this key sets the load and
extension values to zero. This is
normally carried out at the start of
a test but can be used at any time
when not performing a test. If Auto
Zero was selected in the set-up
routine the system will automatically
zero when GO is pressed.
RETURN
Pressing this key returns the
crosshead to the position where the
zero button was last pressed. The
crosshead will move at maximum
speed. The return button is available
when a test is not being performed.
The second group contains 4 keys directly below the display. These “Soft Keys” are used to select
various options that are identified by the text displayed on the lower lines of the display as described
later.
Dynamic Function Keys Mapped to Displayed Information
ALPHA-NUMERIC KEYS
contains 12 keys on the left hand side of the
keypad. These keys are used to enter text or
numbers and are labelled 1 to 9, 0, decimal point
and negative sign. Most keys also double up as
alphabetical entry keys similar to the style used
on mobile phones.
ENTER KEY
This key is the ENTER key which is used to
accept any entered text, value or unit. It is
also used to accept the entries on a completed
display and to show the PREVIOUS display.
The ENTER key is not available when a test is
being performed or when input from another key
is required.
Alpha-numeric Keys
ENTER Key
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19
6.3 THE DISPLAY
The display, which has 4 lines of 40 characters, is used to show or request information. The information displayed depends upon the status of the machine but generally, the top line displays a title or
help information for each display. The lower lines are split into 4 blocks, one block above each Soft
Key, to indicate the function of that key.
6.4 “SWITCH-ON” DISPLAY
When first switched on the display will be blank while the system performs some routine checks.
After a few seconds the display will show information about the machine and the version of the embedded software installed. Similar to the one shown below..
LLOYD INSTRUMENTS LTD
Friction Tester S/No 123456
Version 3.5 Issue 1
Load Cell 1 kN
This information is displayed for three seconds after which the test selection screen is displayed.
The next display shows that a test called CYCLE_TEST has been defined. The number in brackets
shows the number of sample results currently stored with this test.
Select the required test
ASTM D 1894 (0 Samples)
Test< >
Edit
Select the required test
ISO 8295 (0 Samples)
Test< >
Edit
Select the required test
TAPPI T549 (0 Samples)
Test< >
Edit
Select one of the test defined above. The number in brackets shows the number of sample results
currently stored with this test.
A total of 600 sample results can be stored across all test set-ups. If the total number of samples currently stored with all the test set-ups exceeds 500 then the third line will display a warning message.
Select the required test
FRICTION_TEST (501 samples)
Warning: Only space for 99 more samples
Test< >
Edit
As the left and right arrow ( < > ) Soft Keys are pressed, the names of the previously defined tests
will be shown.
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FT1 User Manual
When the first test is displayed, the left arrow will be hidden as shown below.
Select the required test
FRICTION_TEST (150 samples)
Test< >
Edit
When the last test is displayed, and less than 10 set-ups have been defined the display below will be
shown.
Select the required test
New Test
< Create
To define a test, refer to Section 9.0 SETTING UP A NEW TEST, noting that the supervisor may add a
password to prevent the operator from entering the EDIT or CREATE modes.
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21
7.0 OPERATIONAL PRECAUTIONS
7.1SAFETY
LLOYD INSTRUMENTS testing machines are inherently safe if used properly. Operators must be
made aware that:1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
High physical forces are involved.
Samples under test may shatter.
Electrical power supplies are involved.
The following must ALWAYS be brought to the attention of any operator before they are allowed
to use the machine. Hands, fingers and other parts of the body must at all times be kept well
away from the moving crosshead. Operators should be particularly careful when moving the
crosshead to insert test samples, to ensure that no part of the hand could be accidentally compressed as the crosshead and grips are jogged into position.
NEVER drive the machine from a computer when anyone else is working on or near the machine.
If there is any danger that liquids may be spilt during tests, operators must use a drip tray (which
is available from LLOYD INSTRUMENTS) to guard against the possibility of any spillage entering the machine and giving rise to electrical or other hazards.
Take extra care when operating in compression mode where specimens may burst, shatter or fly
out from between the platens. Operators should STAND CLEAR during testing. Splinter shields
are available in various options to suit specific requirements.
All operators must receive adequate training in basic operation before being allowed to use the
machine. Additional copies of this manual are available from AMETEK Inc.
Operators must ensure that the Emergency Stop Button is never obstructed.
10 Operators must ensure that other personnel working in or near the area are made aware that
testing is taking place and that they should not approach the machine while it is in use.
11
Operators must ensure that the machine is regularly serviced and calibrated by LLOYD INSTRUMENTS, or one of their accredited service dealers.
12 To maintain EMC compatibility, the machine should only be used as prescribed in this manual.
Connecting cables, plugs and sockets should be inspected regularly. Cables damaged or worn
in any way should not be used. Accessories and accessory connecting leads, if suspect, should
be replaced only with a LLOYD INSTRUMENTS approved replacement. Failure to observe this
may cause your machine to infringe the EMC legal requirements.
13 NEVER attempt any form of machine maintenance without disconnecting the mains electrical
supply.
14 NEVER attempt to test any samples with a type of grip or other accessory, which is not designed for that particular test. Never use grips or the machine for tests in excess of the stated
load limits. A comprehensive range of alternative grips, together with an applications advisory
service, is available from LLOYD INSTRUMENTS and their accredited dealers.
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FT1 User Manual
7.2 EMERGENCY STOP
If for any reason, the machine needs to be stopped without delay, an emergency stop mushroom
switch is provided. Pressing the switch stops the FT1 machine immediately. It can be released by
turning a quarter-a-turn clockwise. The machine will then go to the initialized/start-up sequence if the
ON/OFF switch is already ON.
Emergency Stop Switch
7.3 SPLINTER SHIELDS
Transparent splinter shields are available as an option to enclose the test sample if there is any
danger of samples shattering as a result of the test. These shields can be fitted with an electronic
interlock so that the test cannot be started until the hinged shield is closed. While not mandatory for
many applications and countries, LLOYD INSTRUMENTS strongly recommend that users consider
fitting this optional item.
If a shield fitted with electronic interlock is used, the following screen will appear if the door is opened
during a test.
ERROR condition
Splinter Shield Open
Press ENTER to cancel
The test in progress will be aborted and the next test or a new test will have to be started.
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23
7.4 LOWER ANCHOR PIN ADJUSTMENT
The Lower Anchor Pin can be adjusted to align itself with the attached load cell. To align the load cell
to the lower anchor pin lower the load cell on to the moving ram so that it is very close to the lower
anchor pin using the jog keys. Loosen the anchor nut using the spanner wrench provided. Loosen
the 4 set screws using a 2.5mm hex key. Align the lower anchor pin to the load cell anchor pin and
then re-tighten the 4 set screws so that the two anchor pins are properly aligned with each other. Retighten the anchor nut using the spanner wrench.
Collar
Lower anchor pin
Anchor nut
Set screws
Lower Anchor Pin Locking Collars
The collar is used to secure the lower grip in place. Use the spanner wrench provided to secure the
lower grip to the collar as shown below.
Lower grip
Collar
Extreme care must be taken when manoeuvring the crosshead, particularly when low force load cells
are being used as they can easily be damaged even at moderate speeds. As an additional precaution during compression testing the lower (hardware) limit stop should be set so that the compression
plates cannot come together either during or after a test.
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FT1 User Manual
7.5
LIMIT STOPS
The FT1 machines are fitted with two mechanically activated limit stops. These can be used as extra
protection to stop load cells, grips or fixtures coming into contact. The upper one can be used to back
up the software limit. Activating a limit stop will result in the machine stopping.
To adjust the lower limit stop, first loosen the lower limit stop screw and move the stop to the bottom of its travel in the slot. Drive the moving crosshead to the lowest position that it may go to
safely, without damaging any fitted grips or fixtures. When this position has been reached, drive the
crosshead up by 3mm (0.125 inch). Move the lower adjustable limit stop up until it stops against the
crosshead actuator within the column. Tighten the screw in this position. Ensure the screws are free
to move vertically to actuate the switches.
Upper
Adjustable
Limit Stop
Lower
Adjustable
Limit Stop
Crosshead
actuator
FT1 Machine Showing Mechanical Limit Switches
To adjust the top limit stop, loosen the upper limit stop screw and move the screw to the top of its
travel and tighten the screw temporarily in this position. Drive the moving crosshead to the highest
position it may go to safely, without damaging any fitted grips or fixtures. When this position has
been reached, drive the crosshead down by 3mm (0.125 inch). Loosen the upper limit stop screw
and move the screw down to the limit stop cross head actuator and tighten the screw in this position.
Once again, ensure the screws are free to move vertically to actuate the switches.
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25
If during a test or when manoeuvring the crosshead, a limit stop switch is activated, a display as
shown below or similar will be seen.
ERROR condition
Lower limit switch
press ENTER to cancel
When ENTER has been pressed and this display has been cleared the machine will only allow the
operator to drive the crosshead away from the limit stop.
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FT1 User Manual
8.0 PERFORMING A TEST
8.1 PERFORMING A TEST
The FT1 machines can be used to perform tests in two modes, as a stand-alone machine or under
computer control with NEXYGENPlus™ software.
If the machine is to be used with a computer and NEXYGENPlus™ software, then the NEXYGENPlus™ Software User Manual supplied with the software, should be read in conjunction with this
manual. The machine should be connected to the computer with the USB lead supplied. When the
machine is on and ready, the computer connected with the lead supplied, and NEXYGENPlus™ running, connection between the machine and computer is automatic.
If the FT1 machine is being used in “stand alone” mode, proceed as follows. The following information will also be needed for “setting up” the machine with grips, samples etc.
8.2 TEST PARAMETERS
SAMPLE PREPARATION
The Jog Keys are used to prepare for a test. The accessories
being used will be dependent on the type of test being conducted.
LOAD CELLS
The correct load cell should be fitted in the machine for the
application being undertaken. Great care should be taken with
these as they are precision measurement devices and can be
damaged if used incorrectly. Please make sure that you have read
Section 4.3 carefully before proceeding further.
GRIPS/ADAPTORS
It is important that grips are fitted along the central straining axis of
the machine and that no side loads are applied to the load cell as
this will affect the accuracy of the load readings. The grips should
be connected to the load cell and the bottom anchor pin or fixture
using only the pins and parts provided. Care should be taken not
to exceed the load rating of the grips. It is important to ensure that
the grips used are suitable for the material under test. Any slippage
of the material in the grips will affect both load and extension
readings.
EXTENSOMETERS
It is important to understand that the extension that the crosshead
moves does not give a true reading of the strain in the samples. If
we consider a dumbbell sample for instance, the strain will be
different at different positions along the sample and no account is
being taken of the take up of slack or bedding in of the grips. For
accurate strain readings we would strongly recommend the use of a
LLOYD INSTRUMENTS extensometer, which is suited for the
material under test.
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27
8.3 SELECTING A TEST
The user selects the required existing pre-programmed test by pressing the left and right arrow Soft
Keys until the required test is shown on the display, then pressing the Test Soft Key.
Select the required test
FRICTION_TEST (150 samples)
Test< >
Edit
Depending on how the test has been set up one or more of the following screens will be displayed.
Refer to Section 9.0 SETTING UP A NEW TEST for details on setting these options.
If a plotter output has been selected and a plotter interface box connected then the following screen
will be displayed.
Check Plotter Calibration
Maximum Load
100.0N
Maximum Extension100.0mm
AcceptAbort
Calibrate
Pressing the Calibrate Soft Key allows the user to the following screen
Output a Plotter Limit
Output
100.0
Accept
Abort
N
Output
100.0
mm
If the batch questions option is turned on, then the following screen will be displayed. A “batch” being
a series of tests all carried out with the same settings. The “batch questions” are 3 two word questions which can be set-up at the beginning of a new “batch”
Press a key to change a parameter
OPERATOR
BATCH
NAMENUMBER
Suspend
The information can only be entered when a new batch is started i.e. when sample number 1 is to be
tested. The operator can answer the questions by pressing the Soft Key below each question.
Pressing the Enter key will confirm all the answers to the batch questions and show the pre-test
display.
If the operator is continuing with a previously suspended batch, then the batch questions, and their
answers, will be displayed in a “view only” mode.
OPERATOR
DAVE
BATCH NUMBER
B21_G
Continue
Suspend
Here the operator will be given the option to Continue with the previously suspended batch or to
Suspend the batch again by pressing the appropriate Soft Keys.
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FT1 User Manual
Press GO to test Sample 1
BATCH_32
Ext ­ 10.00mm
Load ­ 276N
StatsReset
Suspend
On the top line of the Pre-test display help information is shown. On the second line, the right hand
side shows the test setup name.
On the third line, Extension and Load are displayed.
The extension symbols ­ or indicate the direction of the extension from the “soft zero” position.
“Soft zero” being the position at which the ZERO key was last pressed.
If the sample questions option is turned on, then next to the test name the sample width and thickness, diameter or area information will be shown. The Sample Soft Key will also be displayed. Refer
to Section 9.0 SETTING UP A NEW TEST for details on setting these options.
Pressing the Suspend Soft Key returns to the test selection display but saves the statistics and last
sample number ready to continue the batch later.
Pressing the Reset Soft Key resets all the batch results, sets sample number to 1 and shows the
display that would be selected when first selecting the test, i.e. batch or pre-test. This is only done
after confirmation by the operator.
Pressing the Stats Soft Key will show the statistics for the samples tested so far and allow them to
be printed.
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29
8.4 STARTING A TEST
When all the test parameters have been set as per 8.3 SELECTING A TEST above, press GO to start
the test and display the screen below.
Performing Test ASTM1894
Moving to limit point
Ext ­8888.88mm
Load ­8888.88N
StatsAccept
Cancel
The FT1 is supplied with three pre-defined test setups and one for new test setups, these are:ASTM D1894 - TAPPI T549 - ISO 8295
These are described in section 9.1 PRE-DEFINED TEST SETUPS.
8.5 STOPPING A TEST
When the test ends, either automatically or if the user presses the STOP key, the post test screen will
be displayed
Sample 1 Passed
COF S COF K
PK Load
0.002
0.004
12gF
Print StatsAccept
Ave Load
7gF
Cancel
This screen will display different amounts of information depending on how the test has been set up.
Refer to Section 9.0 SETTING UP A NEW TEST for details on setting these options.
8.6 PRINTING TEST RESULTS
Pressing the Print Soft Key will either print just the single result or, if All was selected for the Sample
Printout option in the test setup, together with the machine setup details, i.e. test speed etc.
8.7 CANCELLING OR ACCEPTING THE RESULTS
Pressing the Cancel Soft Key will cancel the result (abort) and remove the result from the batch.
Pressing the Accept Soft Key or the ENTER key will accept the results and add them to the batch.
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FT1 User Manual
8.8 VIEWING THE STATISTICS
Pressing the Stats Soft Key will accept the result and show the statistics screen as below:COF S COF K
0.0123
0.321
0.002
0.003
Print
COF/LOAD
COF
Pressing > Soft Key will show the second statistics screen:Pk Load Ave Load
Mean0.1 gF
0.3 gF
Dev’n0.002
0.003COF/LOAD
Print
LOAD
Pressing the Print Soft Key from the statistics screen will show the ‘print options’ screen shown
below:
Print options for ASTM D1894
StatsBrief Full
Only ReportReport
Pressing the Stats Only Soft Key will give a table of statistics only, without the test value.
Pressing the Brief Report Soft Key will give a table of test values and statistics.
Pressing the Full Report Soft Key will give a table of test values, statistics and test setup information.
8.9 ERROR CONDITIONS
If an error condition exists the cause of the error will be shown on the display. This error must be
cleared before you can proceed with the test. See Section 10.1 for details of error messages
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31
9.0
SETTING UP A NEW TEST
9.1
PRE-DEFINED TEST SETUPS
The FT1 is supplied with three pre-defined test setups and one for new test setups, these are:
ASTM D1894
ISO8295
TAPPI T549
NEW_TEST Is a user defined test rather than one of the default settings which are detailed on the
next page.
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FT1 User Manual
The Default test setups are as follows:
Test name >
ASTM D1894
ISO 8295
Test Type
TAPPI T549
NEW_TEST
Settings
Test mode
Tension
Tension
Tension
Tension
L1
10.0 mm
10.0 mm
10.0 mm
10.0 mm
L2
130.0mm
60.0mm
120.0 mm
120.0 mm
L2 ABS / REL
ABS
ABS
ABS
ABS
Final Limit
140.0 mm
100 mm
130 mm
130 mm
Sled Weight
200 ±2 gm
200 ±2 gm
200 ±2 gm
200 ±2 gm
Sled Dimension
Area
Area
Area
Area
Sled Area
4000 mm2
4000 mm2
4000 mm2
4000 mm2
Test speed
150 mm/min
100mm/min
150mm/min
150mm/min
Preload
0.0gf
0.0N
0.0N
0.0N
Preload speed
10.0 mm/min
10.0 mm/min
10.0 mm/min
10.0 mm/min
Machine Stiffness
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Sharp Break detector
Off
Off
Off
Off
% Break Detector
Off
Off
Off
Off
Return to zero
Manual
Manual
Manual
Manual
Zero readings
Manual
Manual
Manual
Manual
Sample printout
All
All
All
All
Extenso’r Used
Internal
Internal
Internal
Internal
Friction Load
gf
N
gf
gf
Pass/fail Checks
Off
Off
Off
Off
Batch Questions
Off
Off
Off
Off
Sample Questions
Off
Off
Off
Off
1st Batch ? line 1
OPERATOR
OPERATOR
OPERATOR
OPERATOR
1st Batch ? line 2
NAME
NAME
NAME
NAME
2nd Batch ? line 1
BATCH
BATCH
BATCH
BATCH
2nd Batch ? line 2
NUMBER
NUMBER
NUMBER
NUMBER
Sample ? line 1
SAMPLE
SAMPLE
SAMPLE
SAMPLE
Sample ? line 2
ID
ID
ID
ID
Test Options
Test Results
Define Sample
3rd Batch ? line 1
3rd Batch ? line 2
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9.2 DEFAULT GLOBAL SETTINGS
The Default Global Settings are:
FieldSetting
Password <None>
Safety load
50N
Slow jog speed
25mm/min
Data format
Printer
Grip protection Tension
110% of frame rating
Grip protection Compression
110% of frame rating
Language English
To enter a New Test Setup or Edit a pre-defined setup, proceed as follows.
9.3 EDITING A PRE-DEFINED TEST SETUP
To edit a previously defined test setup, select the required test, using the left and right arrow keys,
until the required test is displayed then press the Edit Soft Key.
This is the Select/Edit Display.
Select the required test
ASTM D1894 (150 samples)
Test< >
Edit
9.4 PASSWORD ACCESS
If the machine has been given a password, the password entry display will be shown.
Enter the password to edit this test
BkSp
Clear All
Type the password then press the ENTER key .
If the password is not correct, the test Select/Edit Display will be redisplayed.
If the password is correct, the main setup display is shown.
This is the Main Setup Display
Press a key to select an option
CYCLE_TEST
RenameGlobal Delete
Pressing the ENTER key will return to the Select/Edit display.
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FT1 User Manual
Setup
9.5 RENAMING A TEST
Pressing the Rename Soft Key will allow the setup name to be changed. If a new test is created, the
name will be automatically set to new_test.
9.6 DELETING A TEST
Pressing the Delete Soft Key will allow the selected test setup and all associated sample results to be
deleted. The following screen will appear.
Delete Test Friction Test
Are you Sure?
Yesno
9.7 GLOBAL SETTINGS
Pressing the Global Soft key will allow the Password and Jog speed etc. to be changed.
Press a key to change a parameter
Change
Safety
Slow Jog
Password50.0
25
CHRIS Nmm/min
>
Press a key to change a parameter
data setCurrent
format gripLanguage
printer protect’nEnglish
>
Press a key to change a parameter
Set
Machine
Stiffness
<
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35
9.8
SETTING A PASSWORD
Pressing the Change Password Soft Key brings up the following display:
Change or create the password
CHRIS
BkSp
Clear All
Pressing BkSp Soft Key deletes one character at a time starting from the right hand end of the
password.
Pressing the Clear All Soft Key deletes all the characters.
The Alphanumeric keys add new characters to the password the ENTER key accepts the password
as displayed.
If the password displayed is blank then there will be no password protection.
The password limits access to the edit test setup menus. If a password has been set this password
will be required before any parameter of any test setup can be edited. The selection and running of
previously defined test setups is not affected.
9.9 SAFETY LOAD LIMIT
The Safety limit is intended as an extra protection against accidental injury. It applies when the JOG
keys are pressed or during return when the crosshead is moving down. Entering a high value for this
option will reduce the level of safety provided and should only be done to over come nuisance errors
caused by high friction in some accessories.
9.10SLOW JOG SPEED
The Slow Jog setting allows the user to specify the speed that the crosshead will move when the
slow JOG keys are pressed.
9.11SETTING FOR PRINTER
The Data Format Soft Key toggles between Printer and ASCII (ASCII for when a DATALOGGER is
to be used).
9.12GRIP PROTECTION SETTINGS
The Grip Protection setting is an additional load limit, which can be used to protect grips or accessories that are being used. The test will be stopped if the value of load exceeds the Grip Protection
setting during a test.
9.13CURRENT LANGUAGE
Pressing the Current Language soft key allows the user to select the language to be used from the
list of languages supported by the machine. The chosen language will be used for all information
presented to the user, including information output to a printer.
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FT1 User Manual
9.14MACHINE STIFFNESS
Pressing the SET MACHINE STIFFNESS soft key allows the user to perform a machine stiffness
compensation.
Select Machine Stiffness compensation
Empty 1
Rename<
>
Setup
Use the < or > soft keys to select the machine stiffness compensation slot to use for the compensation. There are 10 machine stiffness compensation slots.
Use the Rename soft key to change the name of the current machine stiffness slot.
Use the Setup soft key to setup the machine stiffness compensation range and perform a machine
stiffness compensation.
Press a key to change a parameter
TestSet Set
ModePreload Limit
Compres’nValue Value
Perform
Use the Test Mode soft key to select Tension or Compression Machine Stiffness compensation.
Use the Set Preload Value soft key to set the start value for the machine stiffness compensation.
NOTE: It is recommended that the minimum value for the machine stiffness compensation
start value (Preload) is 1% of load cell value.
Use the Set Limit Value soft key to set the machine stiffness compensation end value.
Use the Perform soft key to perform a machine stiffness compensation.
9.15TEST SETUP DISPLAY
Pressing the Setup Soft Key from the Main Setup Display will show the test setup display.
This is the Test Setup Display
Press a key to Select an Option
MOULDED_RUBBER
Test
Test
Test
Type OptionsResults
Define
Sample
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37
9.16TEST TYPE
Pressing the Test Type Soft Key will allow the test type to be defined.
Press a key to change a parameter
TestSet Set
ModeLimits Sled
TensionValues Info
>
Pressing the > Soft Key will toggle between the display above and the next display.
Press a key to change a parameter
Speed SetMachine
100.00 PreloadStiffness
mm/min
Value
Disabled<
The test mode Soft Key toggles between Tension and Compression.
The Test Type Soft Key toggles between Limit and Cycling. In cycling mode the Set Limit Values
Soft Key changes to Set Cycling values.
Pressing the Set Limit Values Soft Key will allow the values to be set.
Press a key to change a parameter
Speed SetMachine
100.00 PreloadStiffness
mm/min
Value
Disabled<
Press a key to change a parameter
F/LimitL1 L2
L2
100.00
10.00
70.00s
ABS/REL
mmmmmm ABS
The limit type, value and unit may be set or changed by pressing the Limit soft key. The required
parameters may then be entered.
Limit 1: maximum C of S is calculated up to this llimit and the average C of K calculation starts.
Limit 2: average C of K calculation ends
F/Limit: total machine movement
REL/ABS: calculation of the average force may be taken relative L1 to L2 or absolute start of test to
limit 2
Enter a limit value
10.000
mm
BkSp
<Unit
Unit>
Clear All
The soft key under the display allows the user to change the data NOTE: defaults will be zero.
38
Press a key to change a parameter
SledSled
WeightDimensions
200 gF
FT1 User Manual
Enables the user to enter a custom sled weight
Enter a Sled Weight
BkSp
<Unit
200.00
gF
Unit>
Clear All
And choose the units
Press Key to Change a Parameter
DimensionsArea
AreaValue
Area
360 mm
Enables the user to select sled size by area.
BkSp
Enter a Sled Area
<Unit
360
mm2
Unit>
Clear All
And choose the units. NOTE: sled dimensions are only used for a report.
Press a Key to Change Parameter
DimensionWidth Breadth
Area ValueValue
Dimension63.25mm 63.25mm
Press a Key to Change Parameter
DimensionArea
AreaValue
Area500.2mm
Press a Key to Change Parameter
FrictionArea
LoadValue
gF
The units of reported load are also changeable.
FT1 User Manual
39
9.17SELECTING MACHINE STIFFNESS COMPENSATION
Press a key to change a parameter
Speed SetMachine
150 PreloadStiffness
mm/min ValuesDisabled
<
Pressing the Machine Stiffness soft key enables the user to select the machine stiffness
compensation to use in the current selected test setup
Press a key to change a parameter
Empty 1
Enabled<
>
9.18TEST OPTIONS
Pressing the Test Options Soft Key from the test setup display will allow the test options to be set.
Press a key to change a parameter
Break
DetectorReturn Zero
Sharp AutoManual
>
Pressing the > key will toggle between the above display and the next display.
Press a key to change a parameter
Sample
Extenso’r
PrintoutUsed
AllLFPlus
If the > key is pressed the following screen will appear.
40
FT1 User Manual
>
Press a key to change a parameter
Plotter
Output
disabled
>
By pressing the Break Detector Soft Key the following display is shown
Sharp Break Detector
Press a key to change a parameter
SharpPercent Start
BreakBreak 50
OnOff N
There are two break detectors, a sharp break detector and a percentage of peak load break detector.
The sharp break detector operates when there has been a sharp change in load or direction between
one load reading and the next. Either break detector is turned On or Off by pressing the appropriate
Soft Key. Only one break detector can be turned On at a time. When a break detector is turned On,
other options are displayed. Both break detectors have a Start option and the Percentage break
detector also has a Percentage Break option.
Percentage of Peak Load Break detector
Press a key to change a parameter
SharpPercent Start
BreakBreak 50
Off
On
N
Break
Point
50 %
The Start option sets the threshold above which the peak load must rise before the break detector
will start operation. The Percent Break option sets the percentage of peak load below which the
measured load must fall to constitute a break.
The Return and Zero options toggle between Manual and Auto.
FT1 User Manual
41
Pressing the Extenso’r Used Soft Key will allow the selection of any extensometer currently fitted
from the following screen.
Select an extensometer
FT1 Materials Testing Machine
<>
The left and right arrow ( < > ) Soft Keys will scroll through the list of currently connected extensometers, (theoretically a maximum of 4 with the internal crosshead position always being listed as one
of these). The internal crosshead position extensometer is displayed as the FT1 materials testing
machine, i.e., FT1 Press the ENTER key to select the displayed extensometer.
If the selected extensometer has a selectable range, then an additional option will be displayed in the
Test Options screen.
Press a key to change a parameter
Sample
Extenso’r
Range
PrintoutUsed 800.00
All
EXH750
mm
<
The extensometer range will default to the maximum range of the extensometer but can be changed
by pressing the Range Soft Key.
Pressing the Sample Printout Soft Key, toggles between “Result” and “All”. “Result” will print the 4
results and “All” will print the 4 results and the machine parameters.
Pressing the Plotter Output Soft Key, toggles between “Disabled” and “Enabled”. In the “Enabled”
position, the following screen will be displayed where the plotting parameters can be set.
Press a key to change a parameter
Plotter
load
Ext
Output100.0 100
EnabledN mm
42
FT1 User Manual
<
9.19TEST RESULTS
Pressing the Test Results Soft Key from the Test Setup Display will allow the test results units and
pass/fail limits to be set.
Press a key to change a parameter
TestPass/Fail
ResultsChecks
UnitsOff
Pressing the Tests Result Units Soft Key allows the units to be set.
Press a key to change a parameter
Peak
COF S
COF K
Load
NmmN
AVG
Ext
mm
9.20PASS/FAIL VALUES
If Pass/Fail is set to On, another two options are available.
Press a key to change a parameter
Test
Pass/Fail
COF S
Result ChecksPass/Fail
UnitsOn
COF K
Pass/Fail
COF S Pass / Fail Values
Max COF S Min COF S
0.000.00
Pressing either the Break Pass/Fail limits or Peak Pass/Fail Soft Keys will allow the values to be
set.
COF K Pass / Fail Values
Max COF S Min COF S
0.000.00
FT1 User Manual
43
9.21DEFINING SAMPLE
Pressing the Define Sample Soft Key from the Test Setup Display will allow the sample/batch
details to be set.
Press a key to change a parameter
Batch Sample
Sample Pre-testQuestions
Question
InfoQuestions Off
Off
The Batch Questions and Sample Question Soft Keys toggle between On and Off to specify which
pre-test question displays will be shown.
Pressing the Sample Info Soft Key will allow the sample details to be defined.
Press a key to change a parameter
SampleGauge Width
Type25.00 6.00
Rect’rmm mm
Thickness
3.00
mm
Pressing the Sample Type Soft Key toggles between Rect’r / Circular / Area. The titles Gauge,
Width and Thickness depend upon the test mode and the sample type. The title Gauge becomes
Height for Compression. The title Width becomes Diameter for Circular or Area for Area. The title
Thickness is only displayed for Rect’r.
9.22PRE-TEST QUESTIONS
Pressing the Pre-test Questions Soft Key allows the pre-test questions to be defined. The Batch
questions come at the beginning of the batch and help define the batch. The SAMPLE question
comes up before each sample in a batch and helps identify each sample
Press a key to change a parameter
Batch 1
Batch 2
Batch 3
OPERATORBATCH
NAMENUMBER
Up to 3 batch questions and 1 sample question may be defined.
44
FT1 User Manual
Sample
SAMPLE
NUMBER
10.0ERROR CONDITIONS
10.1ERROR CONDITIONS
On the FT1, if an error occurs, a message will be displayed on the console describing the error. This message must be cleared by pressing the ENTER key before proceeding. Some errors are displayed when
the machine is first powered on and indicate faults that were detected during the power up sequence.
If the FT1 machine is being used with a computer and NEXYGENPlus™ software, similar messages will
be displayed on the computer by NEXYGENPlus™.
The ERROR messages are as follows:
Data Packet Error
This error indicates that an invalid data packet has been received across the USB interface. All data
transferred via USB is checked for errors and resent if any error occurs, so this message should never be
displayed. If it is seen it is indicative of other problems occurring either within the machine or at the PC.
Motor Drive Fault
This indicates that the motor drive system has reported an error condition.
Upper limit switch
The adjustable upper limit switch has been hit. This can be cleared by adjusting the upper limit or driving
off it using the jog down keys.
Lower limit switch
The adjustable lower limit switch has been hit. This can be cleared by adjusting the lower limit, or driving
off it using the jog up keys.
No Loadcell Available
An attempt has been made to drive the machine without a load cell connected. Ensure the load cell is
properly connected and try again.
Splinter Shield Open
The splinter shield fitted to the machine is open. A test cannot be started until the splinter shield is closed.
Cell Overload
The load applied to the system is in excess of 110% of the load cell rating. Use the jog keys to remove the
load.
Safety Overload
The load applied to the load cell is in excess of the safety load limit in the global settings. This limit only
applies when the crosshead is moving downwards during return or under control of the jog keys.
Frame Overload
The load applied to the system is in excess of 105% of the frame rating. Use the jog keys to remove the
load.
Grip Overload
The load applied to the system is in excess of the grip protection limit in the global settings. This limit only
applies during a test.
Print unavailable. Power down and retry
An attempt has been made to print when the USB port is in use with a PC running NEXYGENPlus™.
After using the machine with NEXYGENPlus™, it is necessary to power down before it is possible to
print.
FT1 User Manual
45
Unexpected reset code XX
Unexpected software reset code XXX
Software reset code 106 (XXXXXX)
These messages indicate that an internal error has caused the system to reset unexpectedly. Please
make a note of the readings and contact LLOYD INSTRUMENTS Technical Support for help.
System Hardware Error
An error has occurred in the internal electronics of the system.
Drive System Error
The motor control system has not been able to maintain adequate control of the motor and has shut
down as a safety precaution. This will usually indicate a fault within the motor drive or extension measurement system.
Accessory Connected/Disconnected
An accessory has been connected or removed while the crosshead is being driven.
Load / Speed / Rating Exceeded
The machine has moved outside the load and speed rating of the machine. Ensure the test being
performed is within the machine’s load and speed rating
Extensometer Range Exceeded
The machine has moved outside the range of the extensometer. Ensure the test being performed is
within the range of the extensometer.
FT11 Error reporting
46
Small Console
Large Console / PC
Error Number
Error Message
0
Data Packet Error
1
Motor Drive Fault
2
Upper Limit Switch
3
Lower Limit Switch
4
Safeline Open
5
No Loadcell
6
Splinter Shield Open
7
Cell Overload
8
Safety Overload
9
Frame Overload
10
Grip Overload
11
Print unavailable. Power down and retry
12
Unexpected reset code 01
13
Unexpected reset code 02
14
Unexpected reset code 04
15
Unexpected reset code 08
16
Unexpected reset code 10
17
Unexpected reset code 20
FT1 User Manual
18
Unexpected reset code 40
19
Unexpected reset code 80
20
Unexpected software reset code 100
21
Unexpected software reset code 101
22
Unexpected software reset code 102
23
Unexpected software reset code 103
24
Unexpected software reset code 104
25
Unexpected software reset code 105
26
Software reset code 106 (000000)
27
Loadcell calibration due
28
System Hardware Error
29
Drive System Error
30
Crosshead on final limit switch
31
Accessory Connected/Disconnected
32
Load/Speed Rating Exceeded
33
Extensiometer Range Exceeded
34
Stiffness Enabled Wrong Loadcell Fitted
35
Cell Overload Tension
36
Cell Overload Compression
37
Stop key pressed
38
Loadcell Reference Error
11.0CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
11.1CLEANING EXTERNAL FINISH AND TRIM
The finish and appearance of your machine can be maintained by regular cleaning with a damp cloth
containing a small amount of mild detergent. The machine should be turned OFF and disconnected
from the mains supply whilst cleaning is taking place. Strong proprietary cleaners and petroleum
based or other solvents should not be used.
CAUTION: Take care to use only a damp cloth. NO moisture must ever be allowed to get
into the machine. Wipe the machine dry before connecting to the mains supply and
restarting.
11.2MAINTENANCE
In normal use and conditions, your machine should be serviced and calibrated annually by LLOYD
INSTRUMENTS or one of their appointed agents. There are no user serviceable or adjustable parts
within the machine, therefore service and calibration should only ever be undertaken by engineers
trained for the task.
If the machine is being used in a particularly arduous way or under extreme conditions, your appointed service agent may recommend more frequent calibration/service.
FT1 User Manual
47
12.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
12.1 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FT1 STANDARD TRAVEL
Maximum Force (Tension and Compression)
Crosshead Travel Between Eye Ends
Throat Depth
Displayed Distance Resolution
Crosshead Speed Range
Crosshead Speed Accuracy - Unloaded
Crosshead Distance Accuracy - Unloaded
Load Cell Force Accuracy
Internal Data Sampling Rate
Data Transfer Rate Using NEXYGENPlus™
Operating Temperature
Relative Humidity
Supply Voltage
Supply Frequency
Power Rating
Fuses (2) for 115VAC & 230VAC Units
Flame Deflection at Maximum Force
Weight of Machine
48
FT1 User Manual
1000N (225lbf)
500mm (19.7in)
180mm (7.1in)
0.01mm (.001in)
0.01 to 2032mm/min (0.001-80in/min)
+/-0.2% of Selected Speed - 2% to 100% of Max Speed
+/-0.2% of Reading - 2% to 100% of Max Travel
+/-0.5% of Reading - 1% to 100% of Max Force
8000Hz (8000 samples per second)
1000Hz (1000 samples per second)
5°C to 35°C (40°F to 95°F)
20% to 85% (Non-Condensing)
115+/-10%VAC or 230+/-10%VAC
50-60Hz
115VAC @ 3.15A or 230VAC @ 2.5A
T3A15H250V (3.15A Slow Blow Ceramic)
1.4mm (0.055in) Maximum
52kg (115lb)
12.2OVERALL DIMENSIONS FT1
A
E
D
C
FT1
B
mm
in
A
Height (standard travel)
1016
40.0
B
Width (excluding console)
460
18.1
C
Depth
557
21.9
D
Base Height
108
4.3
E
Throat Depth
180
7.1
FT1 User Manual
49
13.0RoHS TABLES
Restricted Substance Status Table Page 1
Restricted Substance Status Table Page 2
50
FT1 User Manual
14.0SPARE PARTS KITS
ITEM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
11
12
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14
15
16
17
18
19
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34
35
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PART NO.
SPK/LS/0004/A
SPK/LS/0005
SPK/LS/0006/A
SPK/LS/0007
SPK/LS/0008
SPK/LS/0009
SPK/LS/0010
SPK/LS/0011/A
SPK/LS/0012
SPK/LS/0013/A
SPK/LS/0014/A
SPK/LS/0014/B
SPK/LS/0015
SPK/LS/0016
SPK/LS/0017
SPK/LS/0018
SPK/LS/0019
SPK/LS/0020
SPK/LS/0021
SPK/LS/0022
SPK/LS/0023
SPK/LS/0024/A
SPK/LS/0025/A
SPK/LS/0026
SPK/LS/0027/A
SPK/LS/0027/B
SPK/LS/0028
SPK/LS/0029/A
SPK/LS/0030
SPK/LS/0031/A
SPK/LS/0031/B
SPK/LS/0032
SPK/LS/0033
SPK/LS/0034
SPK/LS/0035/A
SPK/LS/0036
SPK/LS/0037/A
SPK/LS/0038
SPK/LS/0039A
SPK/LS/0039B
SPK/LS/0040
SPK/LS/0041
SPK/LS/0042
SPK/LS/0043
SPK/LS/0044
SPK/LS/0045
SPK/LS/0046/A
SPK/LS/0046/B
SPK/LS/0046/C
SPK/LS/0046/D
SPK/LS/0047/A
SPK/LS/0048
SPK/LS/0049
SPK/LS/0050
DESCRIPTION
MOTOR DRIVE PC BOARD ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
PROCESSOR PC BOARD ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
MOTOR ASSEMBLY WITH ENCODER - LS1 SERIES
CROSSHEAD LIMIT ACTUATOR ARM - LS SERIES
LIMIT STOP SCREW ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
HAND REMOTE ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
HAND REMOTE LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
FUSES - LS1 SERIES (1 PAIR)
MAIN CONTROL CONSOLE ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
TRANSFORMER ASSEMBLY - LS1 SERIES
POWER ENTRY MODULE ASSEMBLY 230VAC - LS1 SERIES
POWER ENTRY MODULE ASSEMBLY 115VAC - LS1 SERIES
E-STOP SWITCH ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
SAFE-LINE SWITCH ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
LOAD CELL LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
MAIN CONSOLE LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
ENCODER LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
SAFE-LINE LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
INTERNAL LOAD CELL LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
INTERNAL EXTENSOMETER LOOM ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
LOOM ASSEMBLY, POWER SUPPLY TO PROCESSOR PCB - LS SERIES
MOTOR PULLEY - LS1 SERIES
LEADSCREW PULLEY - LS1 SERIES
LOOM MOTOR DRIVE TO PROCESSOR - LS SERIES
LIMIT ROD ASSEMBLY 500mm TRAVEL - LS1 SERIES
LIMIT ROD ASSEMBLY 800mm TRAVEL - LS SERIES
LOWER LIMIT SWITCH ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
LOWER BEARING ASSEMBLY - LS1 SERIES
UPPER BEARING - LS SERIES
LEADSCREW ASSEMBLY - LS1 STANDARD TRAVEL
LEADSCREW ASSEMBLY - LS1 EXTENDED TRAVEL
LOOM - LIMIT SWITCHES TO PWM DRIVE - LS SERIES
LOOM - MOTOR TO MOTOR DRIVE - LS1 SERIES
LOOM - PSU TO E-STOP SWITCH - LS SERIES
FOLDING COVERS 500-800mm TRAVEL (1 PAIR) - LS SERIES
LIMIT SWITCHES (1 PAIR) WITH HARDWARE - LS SERIES
TIMING BELT - LS1 SERIES
LOWER ANCHOR BOSS ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
LINEAR RAIL ASSEMBLY 500mm TRAVEL - LS1 SERIES
LINEAR RAIL ASSEMBLY 800mm TRAVEL - LS SERIES
TOP COVER - LS SERIES
LOWER ANCHOR PIN ASSEMBLY - LS SERIES
POWER SUPPLY UNIT - LS SERIES
RUBBER FEET (SET OF 4) - LS SERIES
MAIN CONSOLE DISPLAY - LS SERIES
HAND REMOTE CONSOLE DISPLAY BOARD - LS SERIES
POWER CORD ASSEMBLY, 115 VAC, US MAINS - LS SERIES
POWER CORD ASSEMBLY, 230 VAC, EURO MAINS - LS SERIES
POWER CORD ASSEMBLY, 230 VAC, UK MAINS - LS SERIES
POWER CORD ASSEMBLY, 230 VAC, CHINA/AUST MAINS - LS SERIES
RUBBER MAT - LS1 SERIES
POGO CONVERSION KIT - LS SERIES
1-1/4" ANCHOR PIN KIT - LS SERIES
SPACER KIT - MACHINE BENCH MOUNTING - LS SERIES
FT1 User Manual
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27
5
36
28
4
38
14
TO 18
26
24
32
33
35
41
42
25
22
6
21
34
16
TO 2
9
15
TO 2
10
17
20
TO 2
7
TO 2
12
13
TO 13
39
1
31
TO 12
11
2
23
TO 1
40
19
TO 2
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8
29
TO 1
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TO 1
International Symbols
WEEE Directive
This equipment contains electrical and electronic circuits
and should not be directly disposed of in a landfill site.
RoHS
This product is RoHS and China RoHS compliant.
www.lloyd-instruments.com
UK
Tel +44 (0)1243 833 370
uk-far.general@ametek.co.uk
France
Tel +33 (0)1 30 68 89 40
general.lloyd-instruments@ametek.fr
Germany
Tel +49 (0)2159 9136 510
info.mct-de@ametek.de
Denmark
Tel +45 4816 8000
ametekdk@ametek.com
USA
Florida
Tel +1 (727) 538 6000
chatillon.fl-lar@ametek.com
California
Tel +1 (800) 444 1850
sales@crystalengineering.net
India
Tel +91 22 2836 4750
ametekdk@ametek.com
Singapore
Tel +65 6484 2388
ametekdk@ametek.com
China
Shanghai
Tel +86 21 5868 5111
Beijing
Tel +86 10 8526 2111
Guangzhou
Tel +86 20 8363 4768
lloyd@ametek.com.cn
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. ©2013 by AMETEK, Inc., www.ametek.com. All rights reserved.
FT1 User Manual
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