Model 8335 PowerPad - Chauvin Arnoux Group

 3-PHASE POWER QUALITY
ANALYZER
8335
PowerPad®
IMPORTANT WARRANTY NOTE:
By registering online within 30 days from the date of
purchase, your warranty will be extended to 3 years
ENGLISH
User Manual
Statement of Compliance
Chauvin Arnoux®, Inc. d.b.a. AEMC® Instruments
certifies that this instrument has been calibrated using
standards and instruments traceable to international
standards.
We guarantee that at the time of shipping your
instrument has met its published specifications.
An NIST traceable certificate may be requested at
the time of purchase, or obtained by returning the
instrument to our repair and calibration facility, for a
nominal charge.
The recommended calibration interval for this instrument
is 12 months and begins on the date of receipt by the
customer. For recalibration, please use our calibration
services. Refer to our repair and calibration section at
www.aemc.com.
Serial #: _____________________________________
Catalog #: ___________________________________
Model #: 8335
Please fill in the appropriate date as indicated:
Date Received: __________________________________
Date Calibration Due: ________________________
Chauvin Arnoux®, Inc.
d.b.a AEMC® Instruments
www.aemc.com
READ CAREFULLY BEFORE
USING FOR THE FIRST TIME
Your instrument is equipped with a NiMH battery. This technology offers several
advantages:
• Long battery charge life for a limited volume and weight.
• Possibility of quickly recharging your battery.
• Significantly reduced memory effect: you can recharge your
battery even if it is not fully discharged.
• Respect for the environment: no pollutant materials such as lead
or cadmium, in compliance with the applicable regulations.
After prolonged storage, the battery may be completely discharged. If so, it must
be completely recharged.
Your instrument may not function during part of this recharging operation.
Full recharging of a completely discharged battery may take several hours.
NOTE: In this case, at least 5 charge/discharge cycles will be necessary
for your battery to recover 95% of its capacity.
To make the best possible use of your battery and extend its effective service life:
• Only use the charger supplied with your instrument. Use of
another charger may be dangerous.
• Only charge your instrument at temperatures between 0° and 40°C.
• Comply with the conditions of use defined in the operating manual.
• Comply with the storage conditions specified in the operating
manual.
NiMH technology allows a limited number of charge/discharge cycles depending
significantly on:
• The conditions of use.
• The charging conditions.
Do not dispose of the battery pack with other solid waste. Used batteries
must be entrusted to a qualified recycling company or to a company
specialized in processing hazardous materials.
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION.................................................................................. 7
1.1 International Electrical Symbols............................................................8
1.2 Definition of Measurement Categories..................................................8
1.3 Receiving Your Shipment......................................................................9
1.4 Ordering Information.............................................................................9
1.4.1
Accessories and Replacement Parts.....................................10
2. PRODUCT FEATURES........................................................................ 11
2.1Description..........................................................................................11
2.2 Key Features.......................................................................................12
2.3 Control Functions................................................................................13
2.4Display................................................................................................14
2.5 Button Functions.................................................................................16
3. SPECIFICATIONS.............................................................................. 18
3.1 Reference Conditions.........................................................................18
3.2 Electrical Specifications......................................................................19
3.2.1
Voltage Inputs........................................................................19
3.2.2
Current Inputs........................................................................19
3.2.3
Accuracy Specifications.........................................................20
3.2.4
Current Probe Accuracy.........................................................28
3.2.5
Current Probes and Sensors.................................................29
3.2.6
Three-phase 5A Adapter Box (3-Channel Use Only).............31
3.2.7
Power Supply.........................................................................32
3.3 Mechanical Specifications...................................................................33
3.4 Environmental Specifications..............................................................33
3.5 Safety Specifications...........................................................................34
4. OPERATION...................................................................................... 35
4.1 Getting Started....................................................................................35
4.2 Lead Connections...............................................................................36
4.3 Instrument Configuration (Set-up mode).............................................37
4.3.1Date/Time..............................................................................38
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4.3.2Display...................................................................................39
4.3.2.1
Contrast/Brightness......................................................39
4.3.2.2
Colors............................................................................39
4.3.3
Calculation Methods..............................................................40
4.3.4
Connection.............................................................................41
4.3.5
Sensors and Ratios...............................................................42
4.3.6
Voltage Ratios .......................................................................43
4.3.7
Transient Mode Configuration................................................44
4.3.7.1
Current Thresholds.......................................................44
4.3.7.2
Voltage Thresholds.......................................................45
4.3.8
Trend Recording Mode Configuration....................................46
4.3.9
Alarm Mode Configuration.....................................................48
4.3.10 Erasing Memory.....................................................................49
DISPLAY MODES.................................................................................. 50
5.1 Waveform Capture Mode....................................................................50
5.1.1
Transient Mode......................................................................50
5.1.1.1
Programming and Starting a Search.............................51
5.1.1.2
Stopping a Search........................................................52
5.1.1.3
Displaying a Transient...................................................52
5.1.1.4
Deleting a Transient......................................................53
5.1.2
Inrush Current Mode..............................................................54
5.1.2.1
Programming a Capture................................................54
5.1.2.2
Starting a Capture.........................................................55
5.1.2.3
Manually Stopping a Capture........................................55
5.1.2.4
Displaying the Parameters of a Capture.......................56
5.1.3
True RMS Current and Voltage..............................................57
5.1.3.1
RMS Display Screen (3A).............................................57
5.1.3.2
RMS Display Screen (L1)..............................................58
5.1.4
Instantaneous Inrush Current................................................58
5.1.4.1
PEAK Display Screen (4A)...........................................58
5.1.4.2
PEAK Display Screen (A1)...........................................59
5.2 Harmonics Mode.................................................................................60
5.2.1
Phase-to-Neutral Voltage.......................................................60
5.2.1.1
Phase-to-Neutral Harmonics Display Screen (3L)........61
5.2.1.2
Phase Voltage Harmonics Display Screen (L1)............61
5.2.2
Current...................................................................................62
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
3
5.2.2.1
Current Harmonics Display Screen (3L).......................62
5.2.2.2
Current Harmonics Display Screen (L1).......................63
5.2.3
Apparent Power.....................................................................64
5.2.3.1
Apparent Power Harmonics Display Screen (3L).........64
5.2.3.2
Apparent Power Harmonics Display Screen (L1).........65
5.2.4
Phase-to-Phase Voltage........................................................66
5.2.4.1
Phase-to-Phase Voltage Harmonics Display................66
5.2.4.2
Phase-to-Phase Voltage Display Screen (L1)...............67
5.2.5
Harmonic Analysis in Expert Mode........................................68
5.3 Waveform Mode .................................................................................69
5.3.1
RMS Measurement................................................................69
5.3.1.1
RMS Display Screen (3U).............................................70
5.3.1.2
RMS Display Screen (4V).............................................71
5.3.1.3
RMS Display Screen (4A).............................................71
5.3.1.4
RMS Display Screen (Neutral)......................................72
5.3.2
THD Measurement of Total Harmonic Distortion...................73
5.3.2.1
THD Display Screen (3U)..............................................73
5.3.2.2
THD Display Screen (3V)..............................................74
5.3.2.3
THD Display Screen (3A)..............................................74
5.3.3
Measurement of the Peak Factor (CF)..................................75
5.3.3.1
CF Display Screen (3U)................................................75
5.3.3.2
CF Display Screen (3V)................................................76
5.3.3.3
CF Display Screen (3A)................................................76
5.3.4
Measurement of Min/Max/Average/Voltage/Current..............77
5.3.5
Simultaneous Display ...........................................................78
5.3.6
Display of Fresnel Diagram...................................................80
5.4 Alarm Mode.........................................................................................81
5.4.1
Programming an Alarm..........................................................81
5.4.2
Starting an Alarm...................................................................82
5.4.3
Manually Stopping an Alarm..................................................82
5.4.4
Displaying an Alarm Log........................................................83
5.4.5
Deleting an Alarm Log...........................................................83
5.5 Trend Mode.........................................................................................84
4
5.5.1
Programming and Starting a Recording................................84
5.5.2
Manually Stopping a Recording.............................................85
5.5.3
Displaying the Recording List................................................85
5.5.4
Deleting a Recording.............................................................86
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.6 Power and Energy Mode....................................................................86
5.6.1
Starting and Stopping Energy Measurements.......................87
5.6.2
Resetting the Energy Measurement......................................87
5.7 Snapshot Mode...................................................................................88
5.7.1
Opening a Previously Saved Snapshot.................................88
5.7.2
Deleting a Snapshot..............................................................89
5.8Help.....................................................................................................89
DATAVIEW® SOFTWARE........................................................................ 90
6.1 Installing DataView®............................................................................90
6.2 Connecting the PowerPad® to your Computer....................................94
6.3 Opening the Control Panel..................................................................94
6.4 Common Functions.............................................................................96
6.5 Configuring the Instrument..................................................................96
6.5.1Setup.....................................................................................97
6.5.2
Instrument Display.................................................................98
6.5.3
Alarm Conditions Configuration.............................................99
6.5.4
Recordings Configuration....................................................101
6.5.5Transients............................................................................102
6.5.6Inrush...................................................................................103
6.5.7Monitoring............................................................................104
6.5.8
Running the Test..................................................................105
6.6 Real-time Windows...........................................................................105
6.6.1
Waveform and Harmonic Graph..........................................105
6.6.2Power/Energy......................................................................106
6.6.3Trend....................................................................................106
6.7 Downloading Data.............................................................................107
6.8 Saving Real-time Measurements......................................................109
MAINTENANCE.................................................................................. 111
7.1 Battery Indicator................................................................................ 111
7.2 Recharging the Battery.....................................................................112
7.3 Changing the Battery........................................................................112
7.4 Cleaning............................................................................................112
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5
APPENDIX A: MATHEMATICAL FORMULAS......................................... 113
RMS values of half-cycle voltage and current ...........................................113
Minimum and Maximum half-cycle RMS values .......................................114
Short-term flicker – 10 minute (excluding neutral)....................................114
Peak Values...............................................................................................114
Peak Factors (excluding neutral – over 250ms).........................................115
RMS Values................................................................................................115
Voltage and Current Unbalance.................................................................116
Harmonic Calculations...............................................................................116
Harmonic Distortions..................................................................................117
K factor ......................................................................................................118
Sequence harmonics ................................................................................118
Powers ......................................................................................................119
Power ratios ..............................................................................................119
Energies (excluding neutral).....................................................................120
Hysteresis...................................................................................................122
Minimum scale values for waveforms and minimum RMS values ............123
Four-Quadrant Diagram.............................................................................124
Mechanism for triggering transient sensors ..............................................124
Capture Conditions in Inrush Current Mode...............................................125
APPENDIX B: GLOSSARY OF TERMS.................................................. 126
SYMBOLS & ABBREVIATIONS............................................................ 128
Repair and Calibration...................................................................... 131
Technical and Sales Assistance........................................................ 131
Limited Warranty.............................................................................. 132
Warranty Repairs.............................................................................. 132
6
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Warning
These precautions for use are imperative when using the machine. Failure to
comply with these instructions may lead to electric shocks, explosions or fire.
• The operator will consult these instructions whenever the
is displayed.
symbol
• If you use this instrument in a way which is not specified, the
protection which it provides may be compromised, putting you in
danger.
• When removing or inserting the battery and/or SD card, ensure that
the measuring leads, sensors and power cord are disconnected. The
unit must be disconnected and powered down.
• The unit must not be used if the “battery/SD card” housing is absent,
damaged or incorrectly fitted.
• The safety of any system incorporating this instrument is the
responsibility of the system assembler.
• For your safety, only use the leads and suitable accessories delivered
with the instrument: they comply with the norm IEC 61010-031 (2002).
When the sensors or accessories of lower voltage and/or category are
connected to the unit, these lower voltages and/or categories become
applicable to the entire set.
• Before using the PowerPad® always check that the leads, sensors and
accessories are in perfect condition. If anything appears damaged
(even partially) it must be repaired or scrapped.
• Comply with the specified environmental conditions.
• It is advisable to use individual protective safety devices when the
environment in which the unit is used require them.
• This unit must be used for CAT IV installations, for voltages that do not
exceed 600VAC/DC in relation to the ground (per IEC standard 610101) or for voltages that do not exceed 1000V for CAT III installations.
Never use voltage networks or categories greater than those
mentioned.
• Only use power cords and battery packs supplied by the manufacturer.
They have specific security mechanisms.
• Comply with the limits of the accessory or sensor safety mechanisms.
Do not keep hands close to unused terminals.
• Certain current sensors cannot be inserted and removed from bare
conductors under a dangerous voltage: consult the sensor’s manual
and comply with handling instructions.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
7
1.1 International Electrical Symbols
Signifies that the instrument is protected by double or reinforced insulation.
CAUTION - DANGER! Read the User Manual.
Risk of electric shock. The voltage at the parts marked with this symbol may
be dangerous.
Refers to a type A current sensor. This symbol signifies that application around
and removal from HAZARDOUS LIVE conductors is permitted.
Refers to a type B current sensor. Do not apply around or remove from HAZARDOUS LIVE conductors without additional protective means (de-energizing the
circuit or wearing protective clothing suitable for high voltage work).
Important instructions to read and understand completely.
Important information to acknowledge.
USB socket
The CE marking guarantees conformity with European directives and with
regulations covering EMC.
The trash can with a line through it means that in the European Union, the
product must undergo selective disposal for the recycling of electric and
electronic material, in compliance with Directive WEEE 2002/96/EC.
1.2 Definition of Measurement Categories
CAT II: Measurement category II corresponds to measurements taken on circuits directly connected to the installation.
Example: measurement for electrodomestic units, portable tools and
analogue devices
CAT III: Measurement category III corresponds to measurements on building
installations.
Example: measurement on distribution panels, cabling, etc.
CAT IV: Measurement category IV corresponds to measurements taken at the
source of low-voltage installations
Example: metering and measurements on overvoltage protection
devices.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
1.3 Receiving Your Shipment
NOTE: After receiving your PowerPad®, charge and discharge the instru ment one or two cycles to ensure the proper level display of the battery
indicator.
Make sure the contents shipped are consistent with the packing list. Notify your
distributor of any missing items. If the equipment appears damaged, file a claim
immediately with the carrier and notify your distributor at once. Save the damaged
packing container to substantiate your claim. Do not use equipment which is damaged or appears to be damaged.
1.4 Ordering Information
PowerPad® Model 8335...................................................................Cat. #2136.20
Includes five 10 ft black voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable, NiMH battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software,
extra large classic tool bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 MN93-BK...........................................Cat. #2136.21
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, four MN93-BK (240A) probes, five 10 ft black voltage leads,
five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable, NiMH battery, 110/240V
power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large classic tool bag, soft carrying
pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 SR193-BK..........................................Cat. #2136.22
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, four SR193-BK (1200A) probes, five 10 ft black voltage
leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable, NiMH battery,
110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large classic tool bag,
soft carrying pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 AmpFlex® 193-24-BK (24")...............Cat. #2136.23
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, four 24" AmpFlex® 193-24-BK (6500A) sensors, five 10 ft
black voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable,
NiMH battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large
classic tool bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 AmpFlex® 193-36 (36").....................Cat. #2136.24
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, four 36" AmpFlex® 193-36-BK (6500A) sensors, five 10 ft
black voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable,
NiMH battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large
classic tool bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 MR193-BK.........................................Cat. #2136.25
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, four MR193-BK (1000AAC/1400ADC) probes, five 10 ft
black voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable,
NiMH battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large classic tool bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
9
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 MN193-BK.........................................Cat. #2136.26
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, set of four MN193-BK (5A/100A) probes, five 10 ft black
voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable, NiMH
battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large classic tool
bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/4 MA193-10-BK....................................Cat. #2136.27
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, set of four MA193-10-BK (1000A) probes, five 10 ft black
voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve color-coded input ID markers, USB cable, NiMH
battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord, DataView® software, extra large classic tool
bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
PowerPad® Model 8335 w/3 AmpFlex® 193-24-BK and 1 MN193-BK.....Cat. #2136.28
Includes the PowerPad® Model 8335, three 24" AmpFlex® 193-36-BK (6500A) sensors, one
MN193-BK (5A/100A) probe, five 10 ft black voltage leads, five black alligator clips, twelve colorcoded input ID markers, USB cable, NiMH battery, 110/240V power adapter with US power cord,
DataView® software, extra large classic tool bag, soft carrying pouch and user manual.
Only the SR, Ampflex® and MiniFlex® sensors are rated 600V CAT IV The MN, MR and SL probes are 300V CAT IV, 600V CAT III
1.4.1 Accessories and Replacement Parts
Extra Large Classic Tool Bag............................................................................ Cat. #2133.73
Replacement - Soft Carrying Pouch.................................................................. Cat. #2140.15
5A Adapter Box (consult factory)....................................................................... Cat. #2140.17
Replacement - Battery 9.6V NiMH.................................................................... Cat. #2140.19
AC/DC Current Probe Model SL261* (10A-100mV/A, 100A-10mV/A, BNC).... Cat. #1201.51
* Adapter - BNC Adapter (mandatory if using an SL261 w/ the 8335).......... Cat. #2140.40
AC Current Probe Model MR193-BK (1000AAC/1400ADC)................................ Cat. #2140.28
AC Current Probe Model MN93-BK (200A)....................................................... Cat. #2140.32
AC Current Probe Model SR193-BK (1200A)................................................... Cat. #2140.33
AmpFlex® Sensor 24" Model 193-24-BK (6500A)............................................. Cat. #2140.34
AmpFlex® Sensor 36" Model 193-36-BK (6500A)............................................. Cat. #2140.35
AC Current Probe Model MN193-BK (5A/100A) .............................................. Cat. #2140.36
MiniFlex® Sensor 10" Model MA193-10-BK (1000A)......................................... Cat. #2140.48
Replacement - Set of 5, 10 ft (3m) black leads
with 5 black alligator clips.................................................................................. Cat. #2140.43
Lead - 1, 10 ft (3m) black lead with black alligator clip...................................... Cat. #2140.44
Replacement - Set of 12, Color-coded Input ID Markers.................................. Cat. #2140.45
Replacement - 6 ft USB cable........................................................................... Cat. #2140.46
Replacement - 110/240V Power Adapter with US Power Cord......................... Cat. #5000.19
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT FEATURES
2.1Description
The easy-to-use, compact and shock-resistant PowerPad® Model 8335 is a threephase power quality analyzer equipped with four current probes and five voltage
inputs. It is intended for technicians and engineers to measure and carry out
diagnostic work and power quality work on one, two or three phase low voltage
networks.
The PowerPad’s 2GB of memory is conveniently partitioned to let you store four
different types of data, synchronized or independent of each other. You can store
up to 50 screen snapshots, up to 210 captured transients that contain four cycles
for each active input, and 10,000 alarm events from up to 40 different parameters.
You can also record trend data for days, weeks or even months.
Six access buttons quickly display the following functions. Note that these functions can be accessed during a recording.
Waveforms – Display Volts, Amps, THD and Crest Factor by phase or for all
phases. You can display all the voltage inputs on one screen, phase-to-phase
or phase-to-neutral. Real-time phasor diagrams can be displayed for volts and
amps, also by phase or for all phases including phase unbalance.
Harmonics – Display Harmonics out to the 50th for Volts, Amps and VA.
Individual Harmonics are displayed as a percentage and value for Volts, Amps
and VA. Harmonic direction and sequencing can also be displayed.
Transients or Inrush Current – Set, capture and display transients. You select
the threshold and the number of transients to capture. The PowerPad® then captures four waveforms for each transient; the triggering waveform as well as one
pre-triggered and two post-triggered waveforms. As many as 210 transients each
consisting of 4 waveforms per channel for up to 8 channels can be captured.
Trend Recording – Record and display trend data at user selectable sample
rates from 1/sec to 1/15 minutes and user programmable recording periods into
2GB of memory.
Recordings can only be downloaded through the USB port. Extremely long
recordings will take a long time to download (> 2H per 100MB). Also,
keep in mind that Microsoft® Excel is limited to 10,000 lines per spreadsheet and Access has limitations as well.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
11
2.2 Key Features
•
Voltage ratios: 1V to 500kV / Separate or grouped configuration of channels
•
Mixed sensors: 10mA to 60kA depending on sensor. Combine as needed. The
measurements are performed simultaneously using several different current
sensors
•
Transient adjustment level: Adjustment of 1V or 1A. Separate or grouped
configuration of channels
•
New languages: In addition to the 21 existing: Japanese, Turkish, Hindi & Thai
•
Measurement of TRMS voltages up to 1000Vrms AC/DC for two, three, four or
five-wire systems
•
Measurement of TRMS currents from 1mA to 6500Arms (sensor dependent)
•
Measurement of DC current up to 1200ADC (with MR193 probe)
•
Automatic probe detection and scaling
•
Frequency measurement (40 to 69Hz systems)
•
Direct measurement of neutral current for WYE configurations
•
Record and display trend data as fast as once per second for one month for up
to 25 variables. It is recommended to limit recordings to under 100MB.
•
Energy assessments
•
Transient detection on all V and I inputs
•
Inrush current
•
Calculation of Crest Factors for current and voltage
•
Calculation of the K Factor for transformers
•
Calculation of short-term flicker for voltage
•
Calculation of the phase unbalance for voltage and current (3 phase only)
•
Measurement of harmonic angles and rates (referenced to the fundamental or
RMS value) for voltage, current or power, up to 50th harmonic
•
Display of harmonic sequencing and direction
•
Calculation of overall harmonic distortion factors
•
Real time display of Phasor diagrams including values and phase angles
•
Monitoring of the average value of any parameter, calculated over a period
running from 1 sec to 2 hrs
•
Measurement of active, reactive and apparent power per phase and their
respective sum total
•
Calculation of power factor, displacement power factor and tangent factor
•
Total power from a point in time, chosen by the operator
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
•
Recording, time stamping and characterization of disturbance (swells, sags and
interruptions, exceedance of power and harmonic thresholds)
•
Detection of transients and recording of associated waveforms
•
Color-coded input ID markers identify voltage and current inputs
•
2GB internal memory
•
DataView® analysis software included
2.3 Control Functions
6
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MODEL 8335
8
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9
3
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?
5
PowerPad®
Figure 2-1


Over molded protective case.



Six (6) function buttons used to modify the display mode.
Color LCD display with graphic representation of system parameters and
measurements (see § 2.4).
Four (4) function buttons (see § 2.5).
ON / OFF button.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
13

Four (4) current inputs on the top of the instrument to enable the use of
current sensors (MN, SR, AmpFlex®, MiniFlex®, and MR probes). It is
possible to use different current probes per input voltage ratio selectable.


Five (5) voltage inputs (voltage ratio can be set before recording).


Input for external power supply.
USB optically isolated output for configuring, running tests and transferring
data to a PC.
Enter button.
Four (4) buttons that enable movement of the cursor, browsing or the selection of data.
Buttons for directly accessing the 6 display modes (see § 2.5):
2.4Display
Display: 320 x 240 pixels
02/06/14
1
2
5
3
4
Figure 2-2

Top display bar indicates:
• Symbol of the tested mode (e.g.
,
,
, etc)
• Frequency of measured signal
• Memory capacity status bar (only available in certain modes)
• Current date and time
• Battery charge status (see § 8)
14
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335

Measured RMS values associated with waveforms.

Values of signals at an instant “t”, at the intersection of cursor and the waveforms.
The cursor can be moved along the time scale by pressing the ◄ and ► buttons.

Measurement selection (refer to chart below)
Calculation of DPF, Tan, KF, Φ, UNB, Min, Max, VAR, Harmonics, PST, and
DF parameters and the frequency measurement can only be performed
if voltage or current with a frequency of 40 to 70Hz is applied to the Ch1
voltage input or the A1 current input.

Selection of waveforms to be displayed (use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to select):
U: Signifies phase-to-phase voltage
V: Signifies phase-to-neutral voltage
A: Displays V and A for each phase
L1, L2, L3: Refer to the phases (A,B,C)
Icon
Description
RMS
True RMS Measurement
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
CF
Crest Factor
Display of current values and their extremes
Display all voltage and current measurements simultaneously
(RMS, DC, THD, CF, PST, KF, DF)
Fresnel diagram
V
Single voltage mode
A
Simple current mode
VA
Power mode
U
Voltage mode (phase-to-phase)
Zoom in
Zoom out
<>
^
Left/right key prompt
PF...
Display of PF, DPF and Tan.
W...
Active power.
Up/down key prompt
^
Recording mode
Recording display and selection mode
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
15
OK
Validation prompt
Shutdown function in progress prompt
Display of energy consumed
Display of energy generated
1
Screen 1 of the help function
2
Screen 2 of the help function
3
Screen 3 of the help function
4
Screen 4 of the help function
1
Screen 1 of the selected recording parameter
2
Screen 2 of the selected recording parameter
3
Screen 3 of the selected recording parameter
4
Screen 4 of the selected recording parameter
>t=0<
Moves the cursor to transient triggering time
>5=-T<
Moves the cursor to one signal period before the transient triggering date
Activates/deactivates the selection of the transients list display filter
Following page screen
Previous page screen
Trash to delete or remove elements
2.5 Button Functions
Icon
16
Description
Transients or Inrush Current:
• Sets and views transient and inrush current waveforms associated with
rapid changes in input
Harmonics Mode:
• Displays the harmonics in percent and value ratios for voltage, current
and power for each harmonic through the 50th
• Determines harmonic current produced by non-linear loads
• Analyzes the problems caused by harmonics according to their order
(heating of neutrals, conductors, motors, etc)
Waveforms Mode:
• Displays voltage and current waveforms or vector representation
• Identifies signal distortion signatures
• Displays of amplitude and phase unbalance for voltage and current
• Checks connections for correct phase order
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Alarm Events:
• Provides a list of the alarms recorded according to the thresholds
programmed during configuration
• Logs interruption with half-cycle resolution
• Determines energy consumption exceedances
• Stores value, duration, date, time and set point for up to 4096 events
Trend Mode:
• Lists all recording trends and views them on the display
(Urms, Vrms, Arms, etc)
Power / Energy:
• Displays power levels and the associated parameters
(power factor, displacement and tangent)
• Energy monitoring
• Four quadrant measurement to discern produced/consumed active
energies and inductive/capacitive reactive energies
Return to the choice of measurement view.
Configure the PowerPad® (SET-UP).
Take a snapshot of the current screen or access screens already stored in the
memory. Record associated waveform and power measurement data.
Get help on the current display functions, in the language chosen by the user.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
17
CHAPTER 3
SPECIFICATIONS
3.1 Reference Conditions
Parameter
Reference Conditions
Ambient temperature
73°F ± 5°F (23°C ± 3°C)
Humidity (relative humidity)
[45%; 75%]
Atmospheric pressure
[860 hPa; 1060 hPa]
Phase-to-neutral voltage
[50Vrms; 1000Vrms] without DC (< 0.5%)
Standard current circuit input voltage
(except AmpFlex® & MiniFlex®)
[30mVrms; 1Vrms] without DC (< 0.5%)
*Anom ⇔ 1Vrms
3 × *Anom ÷ 100 ó 30mVrms
[11.73 mVrms; 117.3mVrms] without DC (< 0.5%)
Rogowski current circuit input voltage
3000 Arms ⇔ 117.3mVrms to 50Hz
®
®
(Only AmpFlex & MiniFlex )
300 Arms ⇔ 11.73mVrms to 50Hz
Frequency of electrical network
50/60Hz ± 0.1Hz
Phase shift
0° (active power and energy)
90° (reactive power and energy)
Harmonics
< 0.1%
Voltage unbalance
< 10%
Voltage ratio
1 (unity)
Current ratio
1 (unity)
Power supply
Battery only
Electric field
< 1 V.m-1
Magnetic field
< 40 A.m-1
NOTE: The symbol “U” will be used throughout this manual and in the
instrument to refer to phase-to-phase voltage measurement.
The symbol “V” will be used for phase-to-neutral voltage measurement.
*The values of Anom are provided in the next table.
18
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Current Sensor
(excluding AmpFlex® & MiniFlex®)
Nominal RMS current
(Anom) [A]
SR clamp
1000
MR clamp
1000
MN93 clamp
200
SL261 clamp (10mV/A)
100
SL261 clamp (100mV/A)
10
MN193 clamp (100A)
100
MN193 clamp (5A)
5
5 A adapter
5
3.2 Electrical Specifications
Sampling Frequency (256 samples per cycle):
12.8kHz samples/sec per channel @ 50Hz
15.36kHz samples/sec per channel @ 60Hz
Waveforms: Displays voltages and currents
Screen Captures: 50 max
Transients: Detection and recording of transients (up to 210)
Inrush Current: Detection and recording of Inrush current (1 max)
Memory: 2GB with date and time programming
Alarm Function: 10,000 alarms max
3.2.1 Voltage Inputs
Range for use: 0 to 1000 Vrms AC+DC phase-to-neutral and neutral-to-earth
0 to 2000 Vrms AC+DC phase-to-phase
(on condition of compliance with 1000 Vrms with respect to earth in CAT III)
Input Impedance: 969 kW (between phase and neutral and neutral and earth)
Admissible Overload: 1200 Vrms constant
2000 Vrms for one second
3.2.2 Current Inputs
Operating Range: 0 to 1V
Input Impedance: 1MΩ for current probe circuit
12.4kΩ for AmpFlex® and MiniFlex® circuit
Overload: 1.7V
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
19
3.2.3 Accuracy Specifications (excluding current probes)
Measurement
Measurement range
without ratio
(with unity ratio)
Min
Max
Frequency
40 Hz
70 Hz
Simple
1 V
1200 V
(1)
RMS
Voltage (5)
Compound
Simple
1 V
1 V
2400 V
(2)
1697  V (3)
Direct
Voltage
(DC) (6)
Compound
SR clamp
MR clamp
MN93 clamp
RMS
Current (5)
SL261 clamp
(10mV/A)
MN193 clamp
(100A)
1 A
0.2 A
0.1 A
SL261 clamp
(100mV/A)
0.01 A
MN193 clamp (5A)
0.005 A
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
20
1 V
10 A
Resolution
(with unity ratio)
3394 V (4)
1200 A
240 A
120 A
12 A
6A
6500 A
Accuracy
0.01 Hz
±(0.01 Hz)
0.1 V
V < 1000 V
±(0.5% + 0.2 V)
1V
V ≥ 1000 V
±(0.5% + 1 V)
0.1 V
U < 1000 V
±(0.5% + 0.2 V)
1V
U ≥ 1000 V
±(0.5% + 1 V)
0.1 V
V < 1000 V
±(1% + 0.5 V)
1V
V ≥ 1000 V
±(1% + 1 V)
0.1 V
U < 1000 V
±(1% + 0.5 V)
1V
U ≥ 1000 V
±(1% + 1 V)
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
±(0.5% + 0.2 A)
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
±(0.5% + 1 A)
0.1 A
±(0.5% + 0.2 A)
0.01 A
A < 100 A
±(0.5% + 0.02 A)
0.1 A
A ≥ 100 A
±(0.5% + 0.1 A)
0.001 A
A < 10 A
±(0.5% + 0.002 A)
0.01 A
A ≥ 10 A
±(0.5% + 0.01 A)
0.001 A
±(0.5% + 0.002 A)
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
±(0.5% + 1 A)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
MR clamp
Direct
current
(DC) (6)
SL261 clamp
(10 mV/A)
SL261 clamp
(100 mV/A)
1A
0.1 A
0.01 A
Peak factor (PF)
1
1200 A (4)
169.7 A
(3)
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
0.01 A
A < 100 A
0.1 A
A ≥ 100 A
16.97 A (3)
9.99
0.001 A
A < 10 A
0.01 A
A ≥ 10 A
0.01
±(1% + 1 A)
±(1% + 0.1 A)
±(1% + 0.01 A)
±(1% + 2 ct)
CF < 4
±(5% + 2 ct)
CF ≥ 4
(1) In 1000 Vrms, CAT III, provided that the voltage between each of the terminals and earth does not
exceed 1000 Vrms
(2) Two-phase (opposite phases) – same note as (1)
((3) 1200 x √2 ≈ 1697; 2400 x √2 ≈ 3394; 120 x √2 ≈ 169,7; 12 x √2 ≈ 16,97
(4) Limitation of the PAC clamp
(5) Total RMS value and RMS value of the fundamental
(6) DC harmonic component (n= 0)
Measurement
Measurement range
without ratio
Simple
(with unity ratio)
Min
Max
1 V
1200 V
(1)
RMS ½
voltage
Compound
Simple
1 V
1 V
2400 V (2)
1697  V (3)
Peak
voltage
Compound
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
1 V
Resolution
(with unity ratio)
3394 V (3)
0.1 V
V < 1000 V
1V
V ≥ 1000 V
0.1 V
U < 1000 V
1V
U ≥ 1000 V
0.1 V
V < 1000 V
1V
V ≥ 1000 V
0.1 V
U < 1000 V
1V
U ≥ 1000 V
Accuracy
±(0.8% + 1 V)
±(0.8% + 1 V)
±(1% + 1 V)
±(1% + 1 V)
21
SR clamp
MR clamp
RMS ½
current
Peak
Current
1 A
1200 A
MN93 clamp
0.2 A
240 A
SL261 clamp
(10mV/A)
MN193 clamp
(100A)
0.1A
120 A
SL261 clamp
(100mV/A)
0.01 A
12 A
MN193 clamp (5A)
0.005 A
6A
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
10 A
6500 A
SR clamp
MR clamp
1A
1697 A (3)
MN93 clamp
0.2 A
339.4 A (3)
SL261 clamp
(10mV/A)
MN193 clamp
(100A)
0.1 A
169.7 A (3)
SL261 clamp
(100mV/A)
0.01 A
16.97 A (3)
MN193 clamp (5A)
0.005 A
8.485 A (3)
10 A
9192 A (3)
0
12
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
Severity of flicker (Pst)
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
0.1 A
0.01 A
A < 100 A
0.1 A
A ≥ 100 A
0.001 A
A < 10 A
0.01 A
A ≥ 10 A
0.001 A
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
1A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
0.1 A
0.01 A
A < 100 A
0.1 A
A ≥ 100 A
0.001 A
A < 10 A
0.01 A
A ≥ 10 A
0.001 A
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
0.01
±(1% + 1 A)
±(1% + 1 A)
±(1% + 0.1 A)
±(1% + 0.01 A)
±(1% + 0.01 A)
±(1.5% + 5 A)
±(1% + 1 A)
±(1% + 1 A)
±(1% + 0.1 A)
±(1% + 0.01 A)
±(1% + 0.01 A)
±(1.5% + 5 A)
See the
corresponding table
(1) In 1000 Vrms, CAT III, provided that the voltage between each of the terminals and earth does not
exceed 1000 Vrms
(2) Two-phase (opposite phases) – same note as (1)
(3) 1200 x √2 ≈ 1697; 2400 x √2 ≈ 3394; 240 x √2 ≈ 339,4; 120 x √2 ≈ 169,7; 12 x √2 ≈ 16,97; 6 x √2
≈8,485; 6500 x √2 ≈ 9192
22
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Measurement
Measurement range
without ratio
(with unity ratio)
Min
Active
Power (1)
Resolution
(with unity ratio)
Max
±(1%)
cos F ≥ 0.8
Excluding
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
5 mW
(3)
7800 kW
(4)
4 digits at most
(5)
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
Reactive
Power (2)
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
±(1.5% + 10 ct)
0.2 ≤ sin F < 0.5
±(1.5%)
sin F ≥ 0.5
±(2.5% + 20 ct)
0.2 ≤ sin F < 0.5
5 mVA (3)
-1
7800 kVA (4) 4 digits at most (5)
1
0.001
Excluding
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
Active
Energy (1)
±(1%)
cos F ≥ 0.8
±(1%)
sin F ≥ 0.5
5 mVAR (3) 7800 kVAR (4) 4 digits at most (5)
Peak Factor (PF)
±(1.5% + 10 ct)
0.2 ≤ cos F < 0.8
±(1.5% + 10 ct)
0.5 ≤ cos F < 0.8
Excluding
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
Apparent Power
Accuracy
±(1%)
±(1.5%)
cos F ≥ 0.5
±(1.5% + 10 ct)
0.2 ≤ cos F < 0.8
±(1%)
cos F ≥ 0.8
1 mWh
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
9,999,999
7 digits at most (5)
MWh (6)
±(1.5%)
0.2 ≤ cos F < 0.8
±(1%)
cos F ≥ 0.8
±(1.5%)
0.5 ≤ cos F < 0.8
Reactive
energy (2)
±(1%)
sin F ≥ 0.5
Excluding
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
1 mVARh
AmpFlex®
MiniFlex®
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
9,999,999
7 digits at most (5)
MVARh (6)
±(1.5%)
0.2 ≤ sin F < 0.5
±(1.5%)
sin F ≥ 0.5
±(2%)
0.2 ≤ sin F < 0.5
23
Apparent energy
1 mVAh
9,999,999
7 digits at most (5)
MVAh (6)
±(1%)
(1) The stated uncertainties on the active power and energy measurements are max for |cos F| = 1 and
typical for the other phase differences.
(2) The stated uncertainties on the reactive power and energy measurements are max for |sin F| = 1
and typical for the other phase shifts.
(3) With MN193 clamp (5A) or 5A adapter.
(4) With AmpFlex® or MiniFlex®.
(5) The resolution depends on the current sensor used and on the value to be displayed.
(6) The energy is equivalent to more than 146 years of the associated maximum power (unity ratios).
Measurement
Phase differences
of fundamentals
cos F
(DPF)
tan F
Unbalance
(UNB)
Measurement Range
Resolution
Accuracy
180°
1°
±(2°)
1
0.001
±(1°) for F
±(5 ct) for DPF
Min
Max
-179°
-1
-32.77
0%
(1)
32.77
(1)
100%
0.001
tan F < 10
0.01
tan F ≥ 10
0.1%
±(1°) for F
±(1%)
(1) |tan F| = 32,767 corresponds to F = ±88.25° + k × 180° (k being a natural number)
Measurement
Voltage Harmonic
Ratio (t)
Current Harmonic
Ratio (t)
(excluding
AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®)
Measurement Range
Min
0%
0%
Max
1600%
1600%
Current Harmonic
Ratio (t)
(AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®)
0%
1600%
Total Voltage
Harmonic Distortion
THD (THD-F)
0%
999.9%
24
Resolution
0.1%
t < 999.9%
1%
t ≥ 1000%
Accuracy
±(2.5 % + 5 ct)
0.1%
t < 999.9%
±(2% + (n × 0.2%) + 5 ct)
n ≤ 25
1%
t ≥ 1000%
±(2% + (n × 0.5%) + 5 ct)
n > 25
0.1%
t < 999.9%
±(2% + (n × 0.3%) + 5 ct)
n ≤ 25
1%
t ≥ 1000%
±(2% + (n × 0.6%) + 5 ct)
n > 25
0.1%
±(2.5% + 5 ct)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Total current
harmonic distortion
THD (THD-F)
(excluding
AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®)
±(2.5% + 5 ct)
si ∀ n ≥ 1. tn ≤ (100 ÷ n) [%]
or
0%
Voltage distortion
factor
DF (THD-R)
0%
K factor (KF)
Phase shifts of harmonics(
order n ≥ 2)
±(2% + (nmax × 0.2%) + 5 ct)
nmax ≤ 25
±(2.5% + 5 ct)
si ∀ n ≥ 1. tn ≤ (100 ÷ n2) [%]
0%
Current distortion
factor
DF (THD-R)
(AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®)
0.1%
±(2% + (nmax × 0.5%) + 5 ct)
nmax > 25
Total current
harmonic distortion
THD (THD-F)
(AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®)
Current distortion
factor
DF (THD-R)
(excluding
AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®)
999.9%
or
999.9%
0.1%
±(2% + (nmax × 0.3%) + 5 ct)
nmax ≤ 25
±(2% + (nmax × 0.6%) + 5 ct)
nmax > 25
100%
0.1%
±(2.5% + 5 ct)
±(2.5% + 5 ct)
si ∀ n ≥ 1. tn ≤ (100 ÷ n) [%]
or
0%
100%
0.1%
±(2% + (nmax × 0.2%) + 5 ct)
nmax ≤ 25
±(2% + (nmax × 0.5%) + 5 ct)
nmax > 25
±(2.5% + 5 ct)
si ∀ n ≥ 1. tn ≤ (100 ÷ n2) [%]
or
0%
100%
0.1%
±(2% + (nmax × 0.3%) + 5 ct)
nmax ≤ 25
±(2% + (nmax × 0.6%) + 5 ct)
nmax > 25
1
99.99
0.01
-179°
180°
1°
±(5% + (nmax × 0.3%) + 5 ct)
nmax ≤ 25
±(10% + (nmax × 0.6%) + 5 ct)
nmax > 25
±(1.5° + 1° × (n ÷ 12.5))
N.B. nmax is the highest order for which the harmonic ratio is non-zero.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
25
Measurement
RMS
Harmonic
Voltage
(order n ≥ 2)
Measurement
range
Resolution
(with unity ratio)
(with unity
ratio)
Min
Max
Simple
1 V
1200 V
Compound
1 V
2400 V (2)
SR clamp
MR clamp
(1)
1 A
1200 A
0.2 A
240 A
0.1 V
V < 1000 V
1V
V ≥ 1000 V
0.1 V
U < 1000 V
1V
U ≥ 1000 V
0.1 A
A < 1000 A
1A
A ≥ 1000 A
RMS
Harmonic
Current
(order n ≥ 2)
0.1 A
120 A
0.01 A
12 A
SL261 clamp
(100mV/A)
MN193 clamp
(5A)
5A adapter
AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®
0.005 A
6A
AmpFlex®
& MiniFlex®
10 A
6500 A
±(2.5 % + 1 V)
±(2.5 % + 1 V)
0.01 A
A < 100 A
0.1 A
A ≥ 100 A
0.001 A
A < 10 A
±(2% + (n x 0.2%) + 1 A)
n ≤ 25
±(2% + (n x 0.5%) + 1 A)
n > 25
±(2% + (n x 0.2%) + 1 A)
n ≤ 25
±(2% + (n x 0.5%) + 1 A)
n > 25
±(2% + (n x 0.2%) + 0.1 A)
n ≤ 25
±(2% + (n x 0.5%) + 0.1 A)
n > 25
±(2% + (n x 0.2%) + 0.01 A)
n ≤ 25
0.01 A
A ≥ 10 A
±(2% + (n x 0.5%) + 0.01 A)
n > 25
MN93 clamp
SL261 clamp
(10mV/A)
MN193 clamp
(100A)
Accuracy
0.1 A
±(2% + (n x 0.2%) + 0.01 A)
n ≤ 25
0.001 A
±(2% + (n x 0.5%) + 0.01 A)
n > 25
±(2% + (n x 0.3%) + 1 A +
0.1 A
(Afrms(3) x 0.1%))
A < 1000 A
n ≤ 25
±(2% + (n x 0.6%) + 1 A +
1A
(Afrms(3) x 0.1%))
A ≥ 1000 A
n > 25
(1) In 1000 Vrms, CAT III, provided that the voltage between each of the terminals and earth does not
exceed 1000 Vrms.
(2) Two-phase (opposite phases) – same note as (1).
(3) RMS value of the fundamental.
26
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Max intrinsic error of the flicker severity measurement (Pst)
Rectangular variations
per minute
(50% duty cycle)
120 V lamp
60 Hz network
230 V lamp
50 Hz network
2
Pst ∈ [1;4]
± 5%
Pst ∈ [1;4]
± 5%
7
Pst ∈ [1;7]
± 5%
Pst ∈ [1;4]
± 5%
39
Pst ∈ [1;12]
± 5%
Pst ∈ [1;10]
± 5%
110
Pst ∈ [1;12]
± 5%
Pst ∈ [1;10]
± 5%
1620
Pst ∈ [1;12]
± 15%
Pst ∈ [1;10]
± 15%
Ratio
Minimum
Maximum
Voltage
100
1000 x √3
9,999,900 x √3
0.1
Current (1)
1
60,000 / 1
(1) Only for the MN193 clamp (5 A) and the 5 A adapter.
Measurement Range
Measurement
RMS
&
RMS ½
Voltage
Direct
Voltage
(DC) &
Peak
Voltage
Minimum
with minimum ratio(s)
Maximum
with maximum ratio(s)
Simple
58 mV
207.8 GV
Compound
58 mV
415.7 GV
Simple
58 mV
293.9 GV
Compound
58 mV
587.9 GV
5 mA
360.0 kA
RMS & RMS ½ Current
Peak Current
5 mA
509.1 kA
Active Power
0.289 mW
74.82 PW
Reactive Power
0.289 mVAR
74.82 PVAR
Apparent Power
0.289 mVA
74.82 PVA
1 mWh
9,999,999 EWh (1)
Reactive Energy
1 mVARh
9,999,999 EVARh (1)
Apparent Energy
1 mVAh
9,999,999 EVAh (1)
Active Energy
(1) The energy corresponds to more than 15,000 years of the associated maximum power (max ratios).
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
27
3.2.4 Current Probe Accuracy (to be added to the PowerPad’s accuracy)
Sensor errors are offset by a typical correction inside the device. This typical
correction, applied to the phase and amplitude, depends on the type of sensor
connected (detected automatically) and the gain in the current acquisition channel
used.
The RMS current measurement error and phase error are additional errors
(which must therefore be added to the device errors), indicated as influences on
the calculations carried out by the analyser (powers, energies, power factors,
tangents, etc.).
Sensor Type
TRMS Current
[1A; 10A]
[10A; 100A]
MR193
1000A
±(3%)
[800A; 1200A]
±(5%)
[1A; 3A]
AmpFlex®
3000A
MiniFlex
1000A
®
MN193
5A
5A
Adapter
SL261
10A (100mV/A)
SL261
100A (10mV/A)
N.S.
±(2°)
±(1.5°)
N.S.
±(1°)
[10A; 100A]
±(0.3%)
±(0.5°)
±(0.2%)
±(0.3°)
[10A; 100A]
±(3%)
±(1°)
[100A; 6500A]
±(2%)
±(0.5°)
[10A; 100A]
±(3%)
±(1°)
[100A; 1000A]
±(2%)
±(0.5°)
[2A; 10A]
±(3% + 1A)
N.S.
±(6°)
[10A; 100A]
±(2.5% + 1A)
±(3°)
[100A; 240A]
±(1% + 1A)
±(2°)
[100mA; 300mA]
MN193
100A
±(0.8%)
Accuracy on φ
[100A; 1200A]
[0.5A; 2A]
MN93
200A
±(1.5% + 1A)
[100A; 800A]
[3A; 10A]
SR193
1000A
Accuracy on IRMS
[300mA; 1A]
±(0.7% + 2mA)
N.S.
±(1.5°)
[1A; 120A]
±(0.7%)
±(0.7°)
±(1.7°)
[5mA; 50mA]
±(1% + 0.1mA)
[50mA; 500mA]
±(1%)
[500mA; 6A]
±(0.7%)
[5mA; 50mA]
±(1%)
±(1°)
[50mA; 6A]
±(0.5%)
±(0°)
[0A; 10A]
±(1.5% + 50mA)
±(1°)
[0A; 40A]
[40A; 100A]
±(2% + 50mA)
±(5%)
±(0.5°)
±(1°)
N.S. = Not Specified
28
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
3.2.5 Current Probes and Sensors
When installing probes, face the arrow on the probe in the direction of the load.
Model SR193
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal
Maximum Clamping Diameter
Safety
1000A AC for f ≤1kHz
1A to 1200A AC max (I >1000A not continuously)
1mVAC /A AC
2" (52mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 600V CAT IV, 1000V CAT III
NOTE: Currents <0.5A will be displayed as zero. Neutral current measures down to 0A.
Model MN93
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal
Maximum Clamping Diameter
Safety
200A AC for f ≤1kHz
2A to 240A AC max (I >200A not permanent)
5mVAC /A AC
0.8" (20mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 300V CAT IV, 600V CAT III
NOTE: Currents <0.5A will be displayed as zero. Neutral current measures down to 0A.
Model MR193
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal
Maximum Clamping Diameter
Safety
1000A AC, 1400ADC max
10A to 1000A AC, 10A to 1300A PEAK AC+DC
1mV/A
One 1.6” (42mm) or two 0.98” (25.4mm) or
two bus bars 1.96 x 0.19” (50 x 5mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 300V CAT IV, 600V CAT III
NOTE: Currents <1A AC/DC will be displayed as zero. Neutral current measures down to 0A.
Model MN193
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal
Maximum Clamping Diameter
Safety
5A and 100AAC
5A: 0.005A to 6A AC max (1A to 1200A with ratio 1000/5 selected)
100A: 0.1A to 120A AC max
5A: 200mV/A AC; 100A: 10mV/A AC
0.8" (20mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 300V CAT IV, 600V CAT III
The 5A range of the MN193 is designed to work with secondary current transformers.
Best accuracy is available when entering the transformer ratio (e.g. 1000/5A). When used to
measure 5A direct, the resolution will be limited to 0.1A max.
NOTE: Currents < (Primary x 5) ÷ (Secondary x 1000) or <250mA on the 5A range and <0.2A
on the 100A range will be displayed as zero with this probe. Power calculations will also be
zeroed when the current is zeroed.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
29
AmpFlex® Sensors
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal*
Sensor
Safety
3000A AC
10A to 6500A AC
140mV AC/3000A AC at 60Hz
Length = 24" (610mm); Ø = 7.64" (190mm)
Length = 36" (910mm); Ø = 11.46" (290mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 600V CAT IV, 1000V CAT III
*Output is proportional to the amplitude and frequency of the measured current.
NOTE: Currents <10A will be displayed as zero. Neutral current measures down to 0A.
MiniFlex® Sensors
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal*
Sensor
Safety
1000A AC
10A to 1000A AC
47µV AC/1000A AC at 60Hz
Length = 10" (250mm); Ø = 2.75" (70mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 600V CAT IV, 1000V CAT III
*Output is proportional to the amplitude and frequency of the measured current.
NOTE: Currents <10A will be displayed as zero. Neutral current measures down to 0A.
Model SL261
Nominal Range
Measurement Range
Probe Output Signal
Maximum Clamping Diameter
Safety
10A to 100A AC
100mV/A: 100mA to 10A peak
10mV/A: 1 to 100A peak
1000mV peak max
0.46” (11.8 mm)
EN 61010-2-032, Pollution Degree 2, 600V CAT III
NOTE: Currents <0.5A will be displayed as zero. Neutral current measures down to 0A.
30
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
3.2.6 Three-phase 5A Adapter Box (3-Channel Use Only)
This adapter is a three-phase adapter with three 5AAC inputs L1, L2, L3 and three
AC voltage outputs. All circuits are independent and isolated between input and
output. The outputs are equipped with connectors to mate with the PowerPad®
current channel inputs.
It facilitates automatic sensor recognition and probe ratio programming for both 1
Amp and 5 Amp output probes. Additionally, the adapter box can be used directly
in series in a 5 Amp circuit.
WARNING: This adapter is rated EN 61010, 300V CAT III and permits the
use of standard current probes with either a 1 or 5 Amp output.
The input connections accept either Ø 4mm male plugs or rigid leads between 1
and 2.5mm2 inserted in the side hole after pressing the spring loaded connector
down to expose the hole.
Connecting to Secondary Current Transformer (CT):
WARNING: Use caution when connecting to a secondary current
transformer.
1. Short the two leads of each secondary current measurement transformer.
2. Never open a secondary circuit of a CT if its primary circuit is connected to a
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
31
supply voltage. In any case, disconnect the primary measurement transformer
circuit from the supply network.
3. Connect each CT secondary to the input of the 5A adapter in the correct order
(ground on P2) and the right phase order L1, L2, L3.
Adapter Box Specifications (add PowerPad® accuracy ±0.5% ± 1ct):
Note: Currents < (Primary x 5) ÷ (Secondary x 1000) will be displayed as zero
on the PowerPad® with this probe.
Range:5A
Output / Input Ratio: 0.2mV/mAAC
Dimensions:
6.00 x 3.74 x 3.38" (153 x 95 x 86mm)
Weight:
1.98 lbs (900g)
Impermeability: IP50 per EN 60529 (electrical IP2X for the terminals)
Electrical safety: Double Insulation, 300V CAT III
Pollution Degree 2 per IEC 61010-1
Operating Temperature: 5° to 131°F (-15° to 55°C), 0 to 90% RH
Storage Temperature:
-40° to 185°F (-40° to 85°C), 0 to 90% RH
Reference Conditions: 73°F (23°C) ±3K, 50 to 85% RH, 50/60Hz ±2Hz
Current measurement according to IEC 44-1 Class 0.5
Range
Error %
Phase Error
5mA to 50mA
0.35% + 1.5mA
0.5°
50mA to 1A
0.25% + 1mA
0.4°
1A to 6A
0.25% + 0.5mA
0.33°
500Hz to 1kHz
0.3%
0.2°
1kHz to 5kHz
0.5%
1°
Primary Voltage Loss: < 0.3V
Permanent Overload:
10A
Temperature Influence: < 0.1% par 25K
Frequency Influence
Error
Phase error
65Hz to 500Hz
0.1%
0.1°
3.2.7 Power Supply
AC Power (external power supply) - 600V CAT IV; 1000V CAT III
Operating Range: 230VAC ± 10% @ 50Hz and 120VAC ± 10% @ 60Hz
Max Power: 65VA
32
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Battery Power (allows use in the event of an interruption)
Type: 8 NiMH 4000mAh min
Rated Voltage: 9.6V
Charge Time: 5 hrs approx
Battery Life: 10 hrs (completely charged) approx
35 hrs (recording in progress) approx
Operating Temperature: 32° to 122°F (0° to 50°C)
Recharging Temperature: 50° to 104°F (10° to 40°C)
Storage Temperature: -4 to +122°F (-20 to +50°C) for ≤ 30 days
NOTE: When the charger is connected, the battery starts to charge and the
ON/OFF button will stay illuminated. Once the battery is charged, the instrument uses the current supplied by the power supply, without drawing from
the battery.
3.3 Mechanical Specifications
Dimensions: 7.9 x 9.8 x 2.6" (200 x 250 x 67mm)
Weight: 4.3 lb (1950g) with batteries
Shock and Vibration: per EN 61010-1
Tightness: IP 50 per EN 60529 (electrical IP2X for terminals)
3.4 Environmental Specifications
Altitude: Operating: 0 to 2000 meters (6560 ft)
Non-Operating: 0 to 10,000 meters (32800 ft)
Temperature and % RH:
Reference Range
95
Relative humidity in % RH
90
Operating Range
Storage Range
75
45
10
0
-4
32
68
79
95
122
Temperature in °F
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
33
WARNING: Above 104°F (40°C) the instrument can be used only from
the battery or from the battery charger with the battery removed.
It is not recommended to use the battery and charger at the same time.
3.5 Safety Specifications
Electrical Safety
EN 61010-1; 600V CAT IV* (probe dependent - see § 3.2.5); Pollution Degree 2
Indoor Use
*Warning: The assigned voltage and measuring category of the “device + current
probe” may differ from the characteristics of the device alone.
• The use of the AmpFlex®, MiniFlex® and SR probes rate the “device +
probe” at 600V CAT IV or 1000V CAT III.
• The use of the MR193, MN93, MN193 and SL261 probes rate the
“device + current probe” at 300V CAT IV or 600V CAT III.
• The use of the 5A adapter rates the “device + current probe” at 150V
CAT IV or 300V CAT III.
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Immunity: EN 61326-1:2006
• Resistance to electrostatic discharges (EN 61000-4-2)
1st level : Gravity - 4 kV in contact
Sanctions - CRITERION A
2nd level : Gravity - 8 kV in the air
Sanctions - CRITERION A
• Resistance to radiation (per EN 61000-4-3 and EN 61000-4-8)
Gravity: 10 V.m-1
Sanctions: CRITERION B (THDA altered on Rogowski chain)
• Resistance to rapid transient bursts (EN 61000-4-4)
• Resistance to electric shocks (per EN 61000-4-5)
• Conducted RF interference (per EN 61000-4-6)
• Voltage interruption (per EN 61000-4-11)
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
34
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION
4.1 Getting Started
NOTE: Make sure the PowerPad® is fully charged before use.
Connecting:
•
Start the instrument by pressing the
•
Configure the unit to obtain the required results and type of network (see § 4.3).
button.
•
Connect the current leads and sensors to the PowerPad®.
•
Connect the ground and/or neutral lead to the network ground and/or neutral
(when distributed), as well as the corresponding current sensor.
•
Connect the L1 phase lead to the network L1 phase, as well as the
corresponding current sensor
•
Repeat the procedure for phases L2, L3 and N
Note: Complying with this procedure limits connection errors to a minimum and
conserves time.
Disconnecting:
•
Proceed in the reverse order to connecting, always finishing by disconnecting
the ground and/or neutral (when distributed)
•
Disconnect the unit leads and power it down.
•
Recharge the battery and recover the data registered where necessary.
•
USB sockets can be used to connect the unit to any type of network.
The following precautions for use must be complied with:
• Do not connect any voltages exceeding 1000Vrms in relation to the
ground/earth.
• When connecting and disconnecting the batteries, check that measuring
leads are disconnected.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
35
If there is no AC power adapter, the instrument operates on batteries. The instrument’s batteries are charged when it is connected to a 120/240; 60/50Hz line.
The current probes connected are identified every second. The scaling
will automatically reset when a new probe is connected. When installing probes, face the arrow on the probe in the direction of the load.
For the SL261 MN193 and 5A Box, the ratio needs to be programmed
from the instrument menu or software.
4.2 Lead Connections
3
2
E/GND
N/D
L1
L2/B
L1/A
L3/C
4
VOLTAGE INPUTS 600V CAT III
1
L1/A
L2/B
L3/C
N/D
1000V CAT III
600V CAT IV
Figure 4-1
Item
Function
1
Location to plug in the current input color-coded ID markers
2
Four current input connectors for current probes
- Current Measurement: 4-point connector. Do not forget to define the
transformation ratio on the 5A Adapter Box and MN193 on the 5A range.
(See § 4.3.5)
3
Five voltage input connectors
- Voltage Measurement: L1/A, L2/B, L3/C and N/D terminals
4
Location to plug in the voltage input color-coded ID markers
Attach the color-coded input ID markers, that were shipped with the instrument,
to items #1 and #4 above, to define the corresponding probe inputs and probe
leads.
36
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4.3 Instrument Configuration (Set-up mode)
NOTE: All configurations can be modified through DataView® software also.
The instrument must be configured the first time it is used. The configu ration is saved in memory when the instrument is turned OFF.
Press the
button to configure the unit. The following sub-menus appear:
Figure 4-2
•
Set the display language by pressing the yellow button corresponding to the
screen language icons.
•
The parameter that is ready to be configured will be highlighted in yellow. To
move to a different parameter, use the ▲ and ▼ buttons.
•
Press the Enter
•
Use the ◄ and ► buttons to change a value or setting.
•
When finished, return to the Configuration menu by pressing the
button.
PARAMETER
Date / Time
Display
Calculation Methods
Electrical Connection
button to select a parameter.
FUNCTION
Sets the date and time format (see § 4.3.1)
Adjusts the contrast and brightness of the display;
Defines the color of the voltage and current curves (see § 4.3.2)
Determines if harmonics are used or not used in calculations of
reactive quantities (power and energy) - (see § 4.3.3)
- With harmonics: Harmonics are taken into account when
calculating reactive parameters.
- Without harmonics: Only the fundamental part is used for
the calculation of reactive parameters
Determines the type of connection to the network (see § 4.3.4)
• Single-Phase
• Split-Phase
• 3-Phase 4-Wire
• 3-Phase 5-Wire
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
37
Sensors & Ratios
Transient Mode
Trend (Recording) Mode
Alarm Mode
Erase Memory
About
Defines the type of current probe to connect (see § 4.3.5)
• MN93: 200A
• MN193: 100A or 5A (with variable ratio)
• SR193: 1000A
• SL261: 10A and 100A range
• AmpFlex® Sensors: 3000A (measures up to 6500Arms)
• MiniFlex® Sensors: 1000A
• MR193: 1000AAC/1200ADC
• 5A three-phase adapter (3-channel only)
Configures the voltage and current thresholds (see § 4.3.7)
Selects the parameters to record (see § 4.3.8)
(Up to 4 configurations)
Defines the parameters of an alarm (see § 4.3.9)
Deletes configurations, alarm settings, snapshots and recordings
(see § 4.3.10)
Displays the serial number, software and hardware version
4.3.1Date/Time
The
parameter defines the system date and time. The display is as follows:
Figure 4-3
The Date/Time field is highlighted in yellow.
• To change the date/time, press the
button.
• To change a value or move from one field to another, press the ▲ or ▼
buttons.
• Press the
button to confirm configuration.
NOTE: 12/24: Display of time in 24-hour format. AM/PM: Display of
time in 12-hour format. The time is followed by AM or PM.
To return to the Configuration menu, press the
38
button.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4.3.2Display
4.3.2.1Contrast/Brightness
The
menu is used to define the contrast and brightness of the display unit.
Figure 4-4
The selected field is highlighted in yellow.
•
To modify the contrast, press ◄ or ►.
•
To move to the next field, press ▲ or ▼.
•
To change the brightness, press◄ or ►.
•
To return to the Configuration menu, press
.
4.3.2.2Colors
The
menu is used to define the colors of the voltage and current curves. The
colors available are: green, dark green, yellow, orange, pink, red, brown, blue,
turquoise blue, dark blue, light grey, grey, dark grey, and black.
Figure 4-5
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
39
The selected field is highlighted in yellow.
•
To select the color of the voltage and current curves, press ◄ or ►.
•
To move to the next field, press ▲ or ▼.
•
To return to the Configuration menu, press
.
4.3.3 Calculation Methods
X= determines whether or not harmonics are used in calculating the reactive
parameters (powers and energies).
Figure 4-6
To select With harmonics or Without harmonics, press ◄ or ►.
•
With harmonics: Harmonics are taken into account when calculating reactive
quantities.
•
Without harmonics: Only the fundamental is used in calculations of the reactive
quantities.
To confirm, press
. Return to the Configuration menu is immediate. The parameters are applied only if confirmed.
40
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4.3.4Connection
The
menu is used to define how the Model 8335 is connected, according to the
type of network.
Figure 4-7
Example of the selectable electrical diagrams:
Figure 4-8
To configure the type of connection, proceed as follows:
•
Select Single-Phase, Split-Phase, 3- or 4-wire Three-Phase, or 5-wire ThreePhase by pressing ▲ or ▼.
•
Validate by pressing
(the parameters are applied only if confirmed). Return
to the Configuration menu is immediate.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
41
4.3.5 Sensors and Ratios
A first screen
is used to define the current sensors and ratios. It automatically
displays the current sensor models detected by the device. It can also be used to
define the transformation ratio (sensitivity) of certain current sensors (SL261 clamp).
Figure 4-9
The probe choices are:
MN93 clamp: 200A
MN193 clamp: 100A or 5A
SR clamp: 1000A
AmpFlex® A193: 6500A
MiniFlex® MA193: 6500A
MR clamp: 1000A
SL261 clamp: 100A (sensitivity 10mV/A)
SL261 clamp: 10A (sensitivity 100mV/A)
Three phase adapter: 5A
If an MN193 clamp, 5A range, or an Adapter is used, the current ratio setting is
proposed automatically. The configuration is done as follows:
•
To configure the primary circuit current (1A to 60,000A) / secondary circuit
current (1A, 2A, or 5A) transformation ratio, press
use ◄ or ►.
. To select the fields,
•
To select the values, use ▲ or ▼. Proceed in the same way for the primary and
secondary circuit currents.
•
To validate, press
(the parameters are applied only if confirmed).
The primary current cannot be less than the secondary current.
42
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4.3.6 Voltage Ratios
A second
screen, invoked by the V icon, defines the voltage ratios.
Figure 4-10
The ratios programmed may be the same in all channels, or different in some or
all of them.
•
To configure the ratios, press
pressing .
•
To select the fields, use the ◄ or ► key. To select the values, use the ▲ or ▼
key. To validate, press
•
, then use the ▲ or ▼ key and validate by
(the parameter must be validated to be applied).
To return to the Configuration menu, press
.
For the primary voltage (in kV) and the secondary voltage (in V), it is possible
to specify the use of the multiplier 1/√3. If the phase-to-neutral voltage ratios of
phases 1, 2 and 3 are not identical, then all measurements and curves concerning
the phase-to-phase voltages are suppressed.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
43
4.3.7 Transient Mode Configuration
The
mode is used to configure the voltage and current thresholds.
4.3.7.1 Current Thresholds
A first screen defines the current thresholds for each current sensor recognized.
The thresholds programmed can be the same for all channels or different for some
or all of them.
An example of programming of four independent thresholds:
Figure 4-11
To program the current threshold for the search for a transient, proceed as follows:
•
Select the Configuration of thresholds field, highlighted in yellow, by pressing
The arrows appear in the field.
•
Use the ▲ or ▼ key to go from one type of configuration to another.
•
Press
•
Select the field of the first threshold using the ▲ or ▼ key. The selected field
.
to validate the choice of configuration.
is highlighted in yellow. Press
field.
to enter the values. The arrows appear in the
•
Use the ▲ or ▼ key to increment or decrement a value and ◄ or ► to go to the
next item.
•
Press
to validate the programming of the threshold.
It is possible to configure the current thresholds in mA, A, or kA.
44
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4.3.7.2 Voltage Thresholds
A second
screen, displayed by pressing the V icon, is used to define the voltage thresholds.
The thresholds programmed can be the same for all channels or different for some
or all of them.
An example of programming of four independent thresholds:
Figure 4-12
To program the voltage threshold to search for a transient, proceed as follows:
•
Select the Configuration of thresholds field, highlighted in yellow, by pressing
The arrows appear in the field.
•
Use the ▲ or ▼ key to go from one type of configuration to another.
•
Press
•
Select the field of the first threshold using the ▲ or ▼ key. The selected field
.
to validate the choice of configuration.
is highlighted in yellow. Press
field.
to enter the values. The arrows appear in the
•
Use the ▲ or ▼ key to increment or decrement a value and ◄ or ► to go to the
next item.
•
Press
to validate the programming of the threshold. Proceed in the same way
for the fields of the other thresholds.
To return to the Configuration screen, press
.
The voltage thresholds can be configured in V or in kV.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
45
4.3.8 Trend Recording Mode Configuration
The Model 8335 has a recording function key
for recording measured and
calculated values (Urms, Vrms, Arms, etc.). Four independent configurations can
be configured as needed.
Figure 4-13
•
Choose the configuration by pressing the yellow button corresponding to the
icons
1
2
3
4
.
•
Next, move through the choices with the ◄ and ► buttons and select the
desired parameters with the ▲ and ▼ buttons. As you move through the
parameters, each choice, in turn, will be highlighted.
•
To activate the selected parameter to record, use the
•
The selected parameters will have a filled in
have an unfilled .
button.
and those not selected will
The recordable values are:
Value
Urms
Vrms
Arms
W
PF
Uthd
Vthd
Athd
VAR
DPF
Ucf
Vcf
Acf
VA
Tan
46
Description
Phase-to-phase voltage (2φ, 3φ)
Phase-to-neutral voltage
Phase A, B, C, N
Active power
Power factor
Harmonic distortion of line voltage (2φ, 3φ)
Full harmonic distortion of phase-to-neutral voltage
Full harmonic distortion of current
Reactive power
Displacement factor
Crest factor of phase voltage (2φ, 3φ)
Crest factor of phase-to-neutral voltage
Crest factor of current
Apparent power
Tangent
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Vunb
Aunb
Hz
PST
KF
?
Line voltage unbalance (2φ, 3φ)
Current unbalance (2φ, 3φ)
Network frequency
Short-term flicker
K factor
See comment below
There are two user-defined parameters at the bottom of the window. At first, they
will be listed as a question mark “?”. These parameters allow you to monitor a
range of harmonics for voltage, current or power.
To activate these parameters:
- Select the ? line you want to modify using the ▲ and ▼ buttons, then
press the
button to confirm.
- Next use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to scroll through the available choices
(Uh, Vh, Ah, and VAh), then press
.
- Use the ► button to move to the first modifiable field for this parameter.
A value from 00 to 50 may be selected using the ▲ and ▼ buttons.
Press the
button to select the value.
- Press the ► button to move to the upper value. Use the same process
to select the upper limit.
- Press the ► button again to move to the right to modify the last value
needed to complete the definition. Here you will choose whether to
include all harmonics or only the odd harmonics.
- Use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to make this selection. The diamond preceding the Odd Only choice will appear filled in for selected and unfilled
for not selected.
Example of a user defined choice: Vh 02 → 15
Odd Only.
In this user defined condition, all odd voltage harmonics between the 2nd and the
15th will be recorded.
• Press the
button when you have finished selecting all the parameters to be
recorded to apply the new setup.
The battery may fully discharge when recording for long periods of time
while not connected to a power supply. The Model 8335 will continue to
record for some time, even if below the minimum battery charge value.
However, the display may not come back on, and will eventually stop
saving data when the battery is too low. All data recorded will be saved.
If in the Record Mode, and the display does not come ON, do not turn the
instrument OFF. Supply power to the Model 8335 with the power cord and the
display will come back ON when any button (other than ON/OFF) is pressed.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
47
4.3.9 Alarm Mode Configuration
The
screen defines the alarms used by the Alarm Mode function (see § 8).
You can configure 40 different alarms.
Figure 4-14
•
There are five user-defined parameters. At first, they will be listed as a
question mark “?” Select the line you want to modify using the ▲ and ▼
buttons, then press the
button to confirm.
•
Use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to browse and select the value, then press the
button to confirm the choice.
•
To navigate horizontally, use the ◄ and ► buttons, then confirm with
the values with the ▲ and ▼ buttons, then confirm with
. Select
.
For each alarm to define, select:
• The type of alarm (Vah, Ah, Uh, Vh, Tan, PF, DPF, VA, VAR, W, Athd,
Uthd, Vthd, KF, Hz, Aunb, Vunb, Vrms, Acf, Ucf, Vcf, PST, Arms, Urms
and Vrms).
• The harmonics range (between 0 and 50 for Vah, Ah, Uh and Vh).
• The alarm filter (3L: 3 individually monitored phases or N: monitoring
neutral or Sigma/2 or Sigma/3 or Sigma).
• The meaning of the alarm (> or < for Arms, Urms, Vrms, Hz only,
otherwise the direction is unique).
• The threshold for triggering the alarm (10 possible settings of the alarm
in the following cases: W, VAR and VA).
• The minimum duration for exceeding alarm validation threshold (in
minutes, seconds, or for Vrms, Urms and Arms, in hundredths of
seconds).
• The hysteresis value (corresponds to the percentage added or taken
away from the alarm threshold chosen that will stop the alarm in the
event of overrun - Value 1, 2, 5 or 10%).
• Activating the alarm (read item) or deactivating it.
48
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
•
After the configuration has been completed, activate the alarm by positioning
the yellow cursor in the first column on the left using the◄ button, press
.
Activation is confirmed if there is a filled in to the left of the alarm.
•
To display the alarm screen pages, press the yellow buttons corresponding
to the
and
icons.
4.3.10 Erasing Memory
When Erase Memory is selected, the following screen will appear:
Figure 4-15
To Erase Partially:
•
Select the recording from the Trend, Transient or Alarm file that you want to
delete using the ▲ and ▼ buttons, then press
. Validation is confirmed by the
to the left of the selected parameter.
•
To complete the deletion, press the yellow button corresponding to the
then press the
icon,
button to confirm.
To Erase All:
•
Press the yellow button corresponding to the icon, then press
confirmed by the to the left of all parameters.
•
To deselect a parameter, press the yellow button corresponding to the
•
To complete the deletion, press the yellow button corresponding to the
then press the
. Validation is
icon.
icon,
button to confirm.
WARNING: By choosing to delete all data, all detected alarms, screen
snapshots, captured transient states and all recordings are deleted.
To leave this screen without deleting anything, press the
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
button.
49
CHAPTER 5
DISPLAY MODES
To select parameters in all modes, use the ◄ ►▲▼ buttons to move to the desired
parameter and use the
button to confirm selections.
5.1 Waveform Capture Mode
Press the Waveform Display mode
appears with two submenus.
button. The Waveform Capture screen
Figure 5-1
Select either the Transient mode (§ 5.1.1) or the Inush Current mode (§ 5.1.2)
using the ▲ and ▼ buttons, then confirm with
To return to the Waveform Capture screen, press
.
.
5.1.1 Transient Mode
This mode enables transients to be recorded, the list of recorded transients to
be viewed, and if necessary, deleted. All tracks are stored in memory for each
transient (regardless of the connection configuration). You can record up to 210
transients.
NOTE: When the Transient mode is selected, the display screen will depend on
the following conditions:
if …
no record has been made
transients have been recorded
50
then …
the Detection Schedule screen is displayed
the Recording List screen is displayed
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.1.1.1 Programming and Starting a Search
To program the search for a transient, proceed as follows:
Select the submenu by pressing the
Schedule screen is displayed.
1
2
icon’s yellow button. The Detection
3
4
5
6
7
Figure 5-2
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Function
Reminder of the mode used
Display of sub-mode used
Memory indicator. Black area = used memory; White area = available memory
Transients search start time
Transients search end time
Number of transients
Name of transient
To Configure and Start the Programming of a Search:
1. Select and set the desired configurations for the Start/Stop date and time, the
Voltage and Current threshold, Count and Series name.
2. To start programming a search between the start and end times which you
have defined press the yellow button for the OK icon.
• The OK icon disappears and the
icon appears instead.
• When the start time is reached the message Detection in progress is
displayed.
• When the stop time is reached, the OK icon (bottom right of screen) is
displayed again. It is then possible to program a new search.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
51
Transients are recorded in relation to the voltage and/or the current in
accordance with the configured activation thresholds. If an activation
occurs in relation to the current, a record of the current waveform and
voltage is made.
5.1.1.2 Stopping a Search
The search can be manually stopped before the end time and date by pressing the
icon’s yellow button. The OK icon will reappear in the same location.
5.1.1.3 Displaying a Transient
To display the recorded transient, proceed as follows:
1. Select the submenu by pressing the
List screen is displayed.
icon’s yellow button. The Transient
1
2
Figure 5-3
Item
1
2
Function
The displayed value indicates the page number and the number of pages.
These icons let you browse through the previous and next screens. Press the yellow
buttons corresponding to these icons to display the pages.
2. Select the line of the transient to be displayed. The selected field appears in
bold text. The screen displays the transients in the form of graphs.
52
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
1
2
3
Figure 5-4
Item
1
2
3
Function
Selection of graphs to be displayed
- 4V:displays the 4 single voltages during the transient (here in a 5-wire tri-phase
connection)
- 4A: displays the 3 currents and the neutral current during the transient
- L1, L2 or L3: displays the current and the single voltage successively in relation to
phases 1, 2 and 3
- N: displays neutral
Instantaneous value of the signals according to the position of the cursor on the scale.
To move the cursor use the ▲ and ▼ buttons.
: Zoom In - To zoom in press the yellow keypad key for the icon.
3. To return to the Transient List screen, press
.
5.1.1.4 Deleting a Transient
From the Transient List screen (see § 5.5.3), press the
icon’s yellow button.
Select the transient to be deleted using the ▲ and ▼ buttons, then press the
symbol.
To leave this screen without deleting, press any of the Mode buttons on the PowerPad®.
To return to the Waveform Capture screen, press
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
.
53
5.1.2 Inrush Current Mode
The
mode is used to capture (record) inrush currents and to view and delete
the recordings. In capture display mode, two sub-menus RMS and PEAK are
available. Only a single current inrush capture is kept in memory.
NOTE: When Inrush Current mode is selected the display screen will depend on
the following conditions:
if …
no capture has been made
captures have been made
then …
the Capture Schedule screen is displayed
the Capture Parameters screen is displayed
5.1.2.1 Programming a Capture
To program the capture of an inrush current, proceed as follows:
1. Select the sub-menu by pressing the
Schedule screen is displayed.
1
2
icon’s yellow button. The Capture
3
4
5
6
7
Figure 5-5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
54
Function
Reminder of the mode used
Display of sub-mode used
Current date and time
Battery charge level
Displays the parameters of the capture
Programs the capture
OK: confirms programming of a capture
: deletes a capture (this icon is displayed if a capture has been made)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
2. Select the Start threshold field using the ▲ and ▼ buttons. The selected field
is highlighted in yellow. Press
to enter the type of values.
Use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to increase or decrease a value and press ◄ and ►
buttons to switch to the next value field.
3.Press
to confirm programming of the activation threshold.
Proceed in the same manner for the Triggering filter, Hysteresis and Start fields.
Note: For more information on the hysteresis, refer to Appendix A: Mathematical
Formulas.
5.1.2.2 Starting a Capture
To start the capture at the defined start date and time defined previously, press the
yellow button corresponding to the OK icon.
• The OK icon disappears and the
icon appears instead.
• When the activation conditions are met and the start time is reached,
the message Capture pending is displayed and the memory indicator
appears at the top of the screen.
• The indicator is displayed only during the capture and disappears when the
capture is completed.
• If the capture is completed with a stop event or if the memory is full, the
capture stops automatically. The Capture Schedule screen with the OK
icon (bottom right of screen) is displayed again.
The PowerPad® can keep only a single current waveform capture in
memory. If you wish to make another capture, delete the previous one
first.
To return to the Waveform Capture screen, press
.
5.1.2.3 Manually Stopping a Capture
The capture can be manually stopped by pressing the
OK icon will reappear in the same location.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
icon’s yellow button. The
55
5.1.2.4 Displaying the Parameters of a Capture
To display the parameters of a capture, proceed as follows:
1. Select the sub-menu by pressing the
Parameters screen is displayed.
icon’s yellow button. The Capture
Figure 5-6
Choose the type of display, RMS or PEAK, by pressing the yellow key corresponding to the icon. The Model 8335 displays curves on which you can move the time
cursor and zoom in and out.
In the PEAK display, the available information is:
• T
he instantaneous current and voltage at the time indicated by the
cursor (in a “waveform” representation).
• T
he maximum instantaneous current and voltage in the half-cycle
indicated by the cursor (in an “envelope” representation).
• T
he maximum instantaneous absolute value of the current and voltage
(over the entire capture).
In the RMS display, the available information is:
• The instantaneous frequency at the time indicated by the cursor.
• T
he minimum, mean, and maximum instantaneous values of the
frequency over the entire capture.
• T
he RMS current and voltage in the half-cycle (or lobe) on which the
cursor is positioned.
• T
he maximum half-cycle RMS current and voltage (over the entire
capture).
A voltage must be present on the phase before the motor start-up for a
stable and correct frequency control.
56
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.1.3 True RMS Current and Voltage
The RMS mode displays the record of the trend of the true half-cycle RMS current
and voltage and the frequency trend curve.
5.1.3.1 RMS Display Screen (3A)
3
1
4
2
5
6
Figure 5-7
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Scale of values in amperes
- Maximum half-period RMS value of the inrush current capture
- Indicator of number attributed to the displayed curve
- Value of the measured current
Selection of curves to be displayed:
- 3V: displays the 3 voltages during the inrush current capture
- 3A: displays the 3 currents during the inrush current capture
- L1, L2, L3: display the current and voltage in phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively
- Hz: displays the evolution of the network frequency vs time
- t: relative time position of the cursor
(t = 0 corresponds to the start of the inrush capture)
- A1, A2, A3: RMS values of currents 1, 2 and 3 at the position of the cursor
: Zoom Out - press the yellow key on the keypad corresponding to the icon
: Zoom In - press the yellow key on the keypad corresponding to the icon
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
57
5.1.3.2 RMS Display Screen (L1)
3
1
2
Figure 5-8
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
- t: relative time position of the cursor
(t = 0 corresponds to the start of the inrush capture)
- V1: RMS value of voltage 1 in the half-cycle at the position of the cursor
- A1: RMS value of current 1 in the half-cycle at the position of the cursor
- MAX: maximum half-cycle RMS value of the inrush current capture
- V: measured voltage
- A: measured current
NOTE: Filters L2 and L3 display the trend of the true half-cycle RMS current and
voltage of phases 2 and 3. The screen is identical to the one displayed for filter L1.
5.1.4 Instantaneous Inrush Current
The PEAK mode is used to display the envelopes and waveforms of the inrush
current capture.
5.1.4.1 PEAK Display Screen (4A)
The PEAK display of an inrush current capture provides two possible types:
Envelope and Waveform.
Switching between the two types is automatic, and is determined by the zoom.
In the case shown, there is enough zoom in to force the waveform type of
representation. The display filters along the right edge of the screen depend on
the type of representation, and on the zoom.
58
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
3
1
4
2
5
Figure 5-9
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Scale of values in amperes
- AMAX: absolute value
- Indicator of number attributed to the displayed curve
- Value of the measured current
Selection of curves to be displayed:
- 4V: displays the 4 voltages during the inrush current capture
- 4A: displays the 4 currents during the inrush current capture
- L1, L2, L3: display the current and voltage in phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively
- N: displays the neutral current and neutral voltage during the inrush current capture
- t: relative time position of the cursor
(t = 0 corresponds to the start of the inrush capture)
- A1, A2, A3: instantaneous values of currents 1, 2 and 3 at the position of the cursor
5.1.4.2 PEAK Display Screen (A1)
3
1
2
Figure 5-10
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
59
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
- t: relative time position of the cursor
(t = 0 corresponds to the start of the inrush capture)
- A1: maximum instantaneous current of the half-cycle identified by the cursor
- AMAX: maximum instantaneous absolute value of the inrush current capture
NOTE: Filters A2 and A3 display the record of the current envelope of phases 2
and 3. The screen is identical to the one displayed for filter A1.
5.2 Harmonics Mode
Press the Harmonic Display mode button Use the function buttons to select the type of harmonic analysis.
V - Phase-to-neutral voltage analysis
A - Harmonics of the current analysis
VA - Apparent power of the harmonics analysis
U - Phase-to-phase voltage analysis
The
and
buttons allow the user to zoom in or
out, in increments of 2%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 50% and 100%.
5.2.1 Phase-to-Neutral Voltage
The V sub-menu displays the harmonics of the phase-to-neutral voltage.
NOTE: The choice of curves to be displayed depends on the type of connection
(see § 4.3.4):
• Single-phase: no choice (L1)
• Split-phase: 2L, L1, L2
• Three-phase, 3-, 4-, or 5-wire: 3L, L1, L2, L3, -,+
The screen snapshots shown in this section as examples were obtained with a
three-phase connection. This observation also applies to the other sub-menus.
60
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.2.1.1 Phase-to-Neutral Harmonics Display Screen (3L)
3
1
2
Figure 5-11
Item
1
2
3
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
- DC: DC component
- 1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
- Vh 05: harmonic number
- %: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
- V: RMS voltage of the harmonic in question
- +000°: phase shift with respect to the fundamental (order 1)
Display in expert mode -.+ (on the right-hand side) is available for 3-Phase hookups by pressing the ▲ and ▼ buttons.
5.2.1.2 Phase Voltage Harmonics Display Screen (L1)
3
1
2
Figure 5-12
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
61
Item
1
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
DC: DC component
1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
: indicator of the presence of non-zero harmonics of order higher than 25
Vh 03: harmonic number
%: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
V: RMS voltage of the harmonic in question
+000°: phase shift with respect to the fundamental (order 1)
max – min: maximum and minimum levels of the harmonic in question (reset when the
harmonic number is changed or the key is pressed)
THD: total harmonic distortion
2
3
NOTE: Filters L2 and L3 display the harmonics of the phase-to-neutral voltage for
phases 2 and 3, respectively. The screen is identical to the one displayed for filter L1.
5.2.2Current
The A sub-menu displays the harmonics of the current.
5.2.2.1 Current Harmonics Display Screen (3L)
3
1
2
Figure 5-13
62
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Item
1
2
3
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
DC: DC component
1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
Ah 05: harmonic number
%: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
A: RMS current of the harmonic in question
+000°: phase shift with respect to the fundamental (order 1)
5.2.2.2 Current Harmonics Display Screen (L1)
3
1
2
Figure 5-14
Item
1
2
3
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
DC: DC component
1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
: indicator of the presence of non-zero harmonics of order higher than 25
Ah 03: harmonic number
%: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
A: RMS current of the harmonic in question
+000°: phase shift with respect to the fundamental (order 1)
max – min: maximum and minimum levels of the harmonic in question (reset when the
harmonic number is changed or the button is pressed)
THD: total harmonic distortion
NOTE: Filters L2 and L3 display the current harmonics of phases 2 and 3, respectively.
The screen is identical to the one displayed for filter L1.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
63
5.2.3 Apparent Power
The VA sub-menu displays the harmonics of the apparent power.
5.2.3.1 Apparent Power Harmonics Display Screen (3L)
02/06/14
3
1
2
Figure 5-15
Item
1
2
3
64
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
- DC: DC component
- 1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
- Vah 03: harmonic number
- %: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
- +000°: phase shift of the voltage harmonic with respect to the current harmonic for
the order in question
: Indicator of energy generated for this harmonic
: Indicator of energy consumed for this harmonic
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.2.3.2 Apparent Power Harmonics Display Screen (L1)
02/06/14
3
1
2
Figure 5-16
Item
1
2
3
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
- DC: DC component
- 1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
: Indicator of energy consumed for this harmonic
- Vah 03: harmonic number
%: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
+000°: phase shift of the voltage harmonic with respect to the current harmonic for the
order in question
max – min: maximum and minimum levels of the harmonic in question (reset when the
harmonic number is changed or the key is pressed)
NOTE: Filters L2 and L3 display the apparent power of the harmonnics for phases 2
and 3, respectively. The screen is identical to the one displayed for filter L1.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
65
5.2.4 Phase-to-Phase Voltage
The U sub-menu is available only for three-phase connections, when the voltage
ratios of phases 1, 2, and 3 are equal. This sub-menu displays the harmonics of
the phase-to-phase voltage.
5.2.4.1 Phase-to-Phase Voltage Harmonics Display Screen (3L)
02/06/14
3
1
2
Figure 5-17
Item
1
2
3
66
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
- DC: DC component
- 1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
- Uh 03: harmonic number
- %: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
- V: RMS voltage of the harmonic in question
- +000°: phase shift with respect to the fundamental (order 1)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.2.4.2 Phase-to-Phase Voltage Display Screen (L1)
3
1
2
Figure 5-18
Item
1
2
3
Function
Harmonic selection cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ►buttons
The horizontal axis indicates the orders of the harmonics (odd marking). Display of the
level of the harmonics as a percentage of the fundamental (order 1)
- DC: DC component
- 1 to 25: harmonics of order 1 to 25; when the cursor exceeds order 25, order 26 to 50
appears
- : indicator of the presence of non-zero harmonics of order higher than 25
- Uh 03: harmonic number
%: ratio of the harmonic to the fundamental
V: RMS voltage of the harmonic in question
+000°: phase shift with respect to the fundamental (order 1)
max – min: maximum and minimum levels of the harmonic in question (reset when the
harmonic number is changed or the key is pressed)
THD: total harmonic distortion
NOTE: Filters L2 and L3 display the harmonics of the phase-to-neutral voltage for
phases 2 and 3, respectively. The screen is identical to the one displayed for filter L1.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
67
5.2.5 Harmonic Analysis in Expert Mode
The -,+ mode is available with a 3-Phase connection only. It is used to display the
influence of the harmonics on the heating of the neutral and on rotating machines.
Press on the ▲▼ buttons to select “-.+” and then either the V or A sub-menu.
Example of a typical display:
Figure 5-19
• Column One: The harmonics inducing a negative sequence.
• Column Two: Those inducing a zero sequence (triplens added into the neutral).
• Column Three: Those inducing a positive sequence.
68
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.3 Waveform Mode
This mode displays the current and voltage curves, along with the values measured and those calculated from the voltages and currents (except for power,
energy and harmonics).
Figure 5-20
Item
RMS
THD
CF
Measurement Type
Measurement of the true RMS value
Measurement of total harmonic distortion
Measurement of the peak factor
Display of min/max RMS and peak values (see § 5.3.4)
Simultaneous display of voltage and current measurements (see § 5.3.5)
Display of Fresnel diagram of signals (see § 5.3.6)
5.3.1 RMS Measurement
This sub-menu displays the waveforms over a period of the measured signals and
the true effective values of the voltage and the current.
The choice of graphs to be displayed depends on the type of electrical
connection that was set up during the configuration (see § 4.3.4).
•
•
•
•
Single-phase: no choice (L1)
Two-phase: 2V, 2A, L1, L2
Tri-phase 3 or 4 wires: 3U, 3V, 3A, L1, L2, L3
Tri-phase 5 wires:
-For THD, CF and
: 3U, 3V, 3A, L1, L2 and L3
-For RMS,
and
: 3U, 4V, 4A, L1, L2, L3 and N
The screen captures shown in this section are examples of those obtained with a
3-Phase 5-Wire connection.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
69
5.3.1.1 RMS Display Screen (3U)
This screen displays the three phase-to-neutral voltages of a 3-phase system
when the voltage ratios of phases 1, 2, and 3 are equal.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-21
Item
1
2
3
70
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
RMS phase-to-phase voltages
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
U1: instantaneous phase-to-phase voltage between phases 1 and 2 (U12)
U2: instantaneous phase-to-phase voltage between phases 2 and 3 (U23)
U3: instantaneous phase-to-phase voltage between phases 3 and 1 (U31)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.3.1.2 RMS Display Screen (4V)
This screen displays the three phase-to-neutral voltages and the neutral-to-earth
voltage of a 3-phase system.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-22
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Effective phase-to-neutral voltages
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
V1: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of curve 1
V2: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of curve 2
V3: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of curve 3
VN: instantaneous neutral voltage
5.3.1.3 RMS Display Screen (4A)
This screen displays the three phase currents and the neutral current of a 3-phase
system.
2
1
3
Figure 5-23
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
71
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
RMS currents
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
A1: instantaneous current of phase 1
A2: instantaneous current of phase 2
A3: instantaneous current of phase 3
AN: instantaneous neutral voltage
5.3.1.4 RMS Display Screen (Neutral)
This screen displays the neutral voltage relative to earth and the neutral current.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-24
Item
1
2
3
72
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Effective values of currents
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the graphs
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
VN: instantaneous neutral voltage
AN: instantaneous neutral current
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.3.2 THD Measurement of Total Harmonic Distortion
The THD sub-menu displays the waveforms over a period of the measured signals
and the total harmonic distortion rates for voltage and current.
5.3.2.1 THD Display Screen (3U)
This screen displays the phase-to-phase voltage waveforms for one period and
the total harmonic distortion values.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-25
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Harmonic distortion rate for each curve
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
U1: instantaneous phase-to-phase voltage between phases 1 and 2 (U12)
U2: instantaneous phase-to-phase voltage between phases 2 and 3 (U23)
U3: instantaneous phase-to-phase voltage between phases 3 and 1 (U31)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
73
5.3.2.2 THD Display Screen (3V)
This screen displays the phase-to-neutral voltage waveforms for one period and
the total harmonic distortion values.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-26
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Harmonic distortion rate for each curve
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
V1: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of curve 1
V2: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of curve 2
V3: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of curve 3
5.3.2.3 THD Display Screen (3A)
This screen displays the phase current waveforms for one period and the total
harmonic distortion values.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-27
74
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Harmonic distortion rate for each curve
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
A1: instantaneous current of phase 1
A2: instantaneous current of phase 2
A3: instantaneous current of phase 3
Note: Filters L1, L2, and L3 display the total current and voltage harmonic distortion for phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively.
5.3.3 Measurement of the Peak Factor (CF)
The CF sub-menu displays the waveforms of the signals measured over one
period and the voltage and current peak factors.
5.3.3.1 CF Display Screen (3U)
This screen displays the phase-to-phase voltage waveforms of one period and the
peak factors.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-28
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Peak factor for each curve
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the graphs
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
U1: instantaneous voltage peak factor between phases 1 and 2 (U12)
U2: instantaneous voltage peak factor between phases 2 and 3 (U23)
U3: instantaneous voltage peak factor between phases 3 and 1 (U31)
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5.3.3.2 CF Display Screen (3V)
This screen displays the phase-to-neutral voltage waveforms of one period and
the peak factors.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-29
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Peak factor for each curve
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the curves
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
V1: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of phase 1
V2: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of phase 2
V3: instantaneous phase-to-neutral voltage of phase 3
5.3.3.3 CF Display Screen (3A)
This screen displays the current waveforms of one period and the peak factors.
02/06/14
2
1
3
Figure 5-30
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Item
1
2
3
Function
Instantaneous value cursor; change values with the cursor using the ◄ and ► buttons
Peak factor for each curve
Instantaneous value of the signals at the intersection of the cursor and the graphs
t: time relative to the start of the period (expressed in milliseconds)
A1: instantaneous current of phase 1
A2: instantaneous current of phase 2
A3: instantaneous current of phase 3
Note: L1, L2 and L3 display the peak factors of the current and of the voltage
respectively for phases 1, 2 and 3.
5.3.4 Measurement of Min, Max, Average, Voltage and
Current Values
This sub-menu displays the RMS, maximum, minimum and average values for
voltage and current, together with those for the instantaneous positive and negative voltage and current peaks.
NOTE: The display screen varies depending on which value is selected.
3U: Displays the one-second mean and half-cycle maximum and minimum RMS
values and the instantaneous positive and negative phase-to-phase voltage peaks.
4V: Displays the one-second mean and half-cycle maximum and minimum RMS
values and the instantaneous positive and negative peaks of the phase-to-neutral
voltages and of the neutral.
4A: Displays the one-second mean and half-cycle maximum and minimum RMS
values and the positive and negative instantaneous peak values of the phase and
neutral currents.
L1/L2/L3: Displays the one-second mean and half-cycle maximum and minimum
RMS values and the instantaneous positive and negative peaks of the phase-toneutral voltage and of the current of phase 1.
N: Displays the RMS values and the positive and negative instantaneous peaks of
the neutral relative to earth.
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Figure 5-31
The columns display the values relative to each voltage, current or neutral graph.
Item
Function
Maximum RMS value of the voltage or current from powering of the PowerPad® or from
MAX
the last time the button is pressed.
RMS
True effective value of voltage or current
Minimum RMS value of the voltage or current from powering of the PowerPad® or from
MIN
the last time the button is pressed.
PEAK+ Maximum peak value of the voltage or current
PEAK- Minimum peak value of the voltage or current
NOTE: The Max and Min RMS measurements are calculated every half-period
(e.g. every 10ms for a signal at 50Hz). The measurements are refreshed every
250ms.
To reset the MIN and MAX on the display, press the
5.3.5 Simultaneous Display
key.
This sub-menu displays all the voltage and current measurements (RMS, DC,
THD, DF, CF, PST, KF).
NOTE: The display screen varies depending on which value is selected.
3U: Displays the RMS, DC, THD, DF, and CF values of the phase-to-phase voltages.
4V: Displays the RMS, DC, THD, DF, CF and PST values of the phase-to-neutral
voltages and of the neutral.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
4A: Displays the RMS, DC, THD, DF, CF, and KF values of the phase and neutral
currents.
L1/L2/L3: Displays the RMS, THD, DF, and CF values of the phase-to-neutral
voltage and of the current, the DC and PST parameters of the phase-to-neutral
voltage, and the DC value (if the current sensor allows) and KF of the current for
phase 1.
N: Displays the RMS voltage and current of the neutral, the DC component of the
neutral voltage, and (if the current sensor allows) the DC component of the neutral
current.
Figure 5-32
Item
RMS
DC
THD
DF
CF
PST
KF
Function
True effective value of voltage or current
Direct component
Total harmonic distortion rate
Distortion factor
Peak factor calculated in relation to the displayed waveform
Short-term flicker (over 10 minutes)
K factor - Oversizing of transformer relative to harmonics
NOTE: L2 and L3 give information concerning simultaneous display of the current
and of the voltage respectively for phases 2 and 3.
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5.3.6 Display of Fresnel Diagram
This sub-menu displays the absolute values of the voltages and currents at the
fundamental frequency, the phase displacement of the voltages relative to the currents and the unbalances of the voltages and currents.
NOTE: The display screen varies depending on which value is selected.
3U: Displays a vector representation of the fundamentals of the phase-to-phase
voltages and of the currents. It indicates their associated quantities (modulus and
phase of the phase-to-phase voltage vectors) and the voltage unbalance. The
reference vector of the representation (at 3 o’clock) is U1.
3V: Displays a vector representation of the fundamentals of the phase-to-neutral
voltages and of the currents. It indicates their associated quantities (modulus and
phase of the phase-to-neutral voltage vectors) and the voltage unbalance. The
reference vector of the representation (at 3 o’clock) is V1.
3A: Displays a vector representation of the fundamentals of the phase-to-neutral
voltages and of the currents. It indicates their associated quantities (modulus and
phase of the current vectors) and the current unbalance. The reference vector of
the representation (at 3 o’clock) is A1.
L1/L2/L3: Displays a vector representation of the fundamentals of the phaseto-neutral voltages and the currents of one phase. It indicates their associated
quantities (modulus and phase of the current and phase-to-neutral voltage
vectors). The reference vector of the representation (at 3 o’clock) is the current
vector.
Figure 5-33
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Item
U1, U2, U3
V1, V2, V3
A1, A2, A3
φ12
φ23
φ31
φVA
Unb
Function
Absolute values of the voltages at fundamental frequency
Absolute values of the voltages at fundamental frequency
Absolute values of the current at fundamental frequency
Phase displacement of phase 1 relative to phase 2
Phase displacement of phase 2 relative to phase 3
Phase displacement of phase 3 relative to phase 1
Phase displacement of voltage (V) relative to current (A)
Unbalance of line voltages
NOTE: L2 and L3 display vector representations of the fundamentals of the phaseto-neutral voltages and the currents of phases 2 and 3, respectively. They indicate
their associated quantities (modulus and phase of the current and phase-to-neutral voltage vectors of phases 2 and 3, respectively). The reference vector of the
representation (at 3 o’clock) is the current vector (A2 and A3, respectively).
5.4 Alarm Mode
This mode detects the type of alarm that you wish to monitor (Vah, Ah, Uh, Vh, Tan,
PF, DPF, VA, VAR, W, Athd, Uthd, Vthd, KF, Hz, Aunb, Vunb, Vrms, Acf, Ucf, Vcf,
PST, Arms Urms and Vrms – see Appendix B: Glossary of Terms).
All alarms recorded can be downloaded to a PC with DataView® software
(see § 7). Up to 10,000 alarms can be captured.
5.4.1 Programming an Alarm
1. Press the Alarm mode button
. The Detection Schedule screen will appear.
Figure 5-34
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Item
Measurement Type
Configures alarms
Displays alarm log
Programs an alarm
OK
Validates the programming of an alarm (after OK is selected, the
icon appears)
Manually stops an alarm that is in progress
To program/display alarms, they must first be configured (see § 4.3.9)
2. With the start field highlighted in yellow, press
to enter the date and time.
3. Use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to increase or decrease the value. Use the ◄ and
► buttons to move to the next parameter.
4. When completed, confirm the Start alarm schedule with
.
5. Use the ▼ button to set the Stop alarm settings, then repeat the previous
steps.
5.4.2 Starting an Alarm
1. Press the OK icon’s yellow button to launch the alarm campaign between the
start and end times that you specified.
2.The OK icon disappears and the
icon appears instead.
3.The Campaign on standby message is displayed while awaiting start time and
the
icon blinks on the screen’s top display bar.
4.The Campaign running message is displayed when start time begins.
5.The Campaign schedule screen with the OK icon (bottom right-hand side of
the screen) are displayed when the end time is reached. You can then program a new alarm campaign.
5.4.3 Manually Stopping an Alarm
An alarm can be manually stopped before the Stop date and time by pressing the
icon’s yellow button. The OK icon will reappear in the same location.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.4.4 Displaying an Alarm Log
Press the
icon’s yellow button to view the alarm log. The log can contain a
maximum of 10,920 alarms.
NOTE: The type of connection selected in the configuration mode
does not affect the possibilities of alarm filter choice and monitored
parameter. Users are responsible for these choices.
2
3
4
5
1
Figure 5-35
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Alarm date and time
Alarm filter
Monitored parameter (Vrms, etc.)
Amplitude (min or max)
Alarm duration
5.4.5 Deleting an Alarm Log
1. Press the
icon’s yellow button
2. Select the alarm to be deleted using the ▲ or ▼ button, then press the
button to confirm deletion.
To leave this screen without deleting any alarm, press the
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
button.
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5.5 Trend Mode
5.5.1 Programming and Starting a Recording
NOTE: The ON/OFF light will blink when the recording is in progress.
When the recording is done, the ON/OFF light will turn off. You will need to
press it again to restart the instrument.
This mode enables all the parameters previously configured in the Configuration
mode
to be recorded (see § 4.3).
1. Press the Trend mode button -
.
Figure 5-36
2. Select the Configuration that was previously set-up (see § 4.3) by using the ▲
or ▼ button to highlight Set-up, then press the button.
3. Use the ▲ or ▼ button to choose Configuration 1, 2 3 or 4, then press
.
4. Select the Start field using the ▼ button. Press to select the date and time
field, then use the appropriate arrow buttons to change the date and time.
Press when finished.
5. Using the same method as steps 1, 2 and 3, use the arrow buttons and the
button to change the values for Stop, Period and Name.
6. Press the OK icon’s yellow button to begin recording between your specified
start and end times. The OK icon disappears and the icon
appears.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
7.The Recording on Standby message is displayed and the icon blinks on the
top display bar. Once the start time has been reached, the Recording running
message is displayed.
8. When the recording is finished, the Programming a recording screen will
appear and the OK icon reappears.
5.5.2 Manually Stopping a Recording
An alarm can be manually stopped by pressing the
OK icon will reappear in the same location.
icon’s yellow button. The
5.5.3 Displaying the Recording List
Press the
icon’s yellow button to view the recording list.
1
2
3
4
Figure 5-37
Item
1
2
3
4
Function
Recording name
Memory usage
Recording start time
Recording end time
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85
5.5.4 Deleting a Recording
1. Press the
icon’s yellow button
2. Select the recording to be deleted using the ▲ or ▼ button, then press the
button to confirm deletion.
To leave this screen without deleting any alarm, press the
button.
5.6 Power and Energy Mode
This sub-menu displays the measurements for power and energy.
NOTE: The display screen varies depending on which value is selected.
Figure 5-38
Item
W
PF
Function
Display of power
Display of power factor
(Note: the display screen for the PF... button is only available for the 3L filter)
Display of energy consumed (active, reactive and apparent power)
Display of energy generated (active, reactive and apparent power)
Starts the measurement
Resets the energy value to zero
Stops the measurement
S
Display of sum of values
Display of mean of values
tan F
cos F
86
Tangent of the phase shift of the voltage with respect to the current
Cosine of the phase shift of the voltage with respect to the current
(DPF - displacement factor)
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
F VA
Wh
VAR
Phase shift of phase-to-neutral voltage with respect to current
Active energy consumed
Reactive power:
- Inductive
- Capacitive
Reactive energy consumed:
VARh
VA
VAh
- Inductive
- Capacitive
Apparent power
Apparent energy consumed
NOTE: Filters L2 and L3 display the same information for phases 2 & 3.
5.6.1 Starting and Stopping Energy Measurements
• To start a measurement, press the
icon’s yellow button.
The date and time at which the measuring starts will appear in the upper
left-hand corner of the screen.
• To stop the measurement, press the
icon’s yellow button.
The date and time at which the measuring stops will appear in the upper
right hand corner of the screen.
NOTE: Stopping the metering is not definitive. It can be resumed by press ing the
icon again. All of energy meters resume totalizing.
5.6.2 Resetting the Energy Measurement
To reset the measurement, press the
icon’s yellow button, then
to confirm.
All energy values (consumed and generated) are reset.
NOTE: Refer to the 4-quadrant power diagram in APPENDIX A.
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87
5.7 Snapshot Mode
This button allows 50 snapshots to be saved for future recall and evaluation.
• Press the
button (for about 3s) to capture the current display.
• The
icon is displayed in the top left corner as soon as the operation
is successful.
• This icon is replaced by
record the display.
if there is no space left in the memory to
• The snapshot will record all measurements present at the input of the
meter when you press the
button.
These screens can be downloaded to a computer using DataView®
5.7.1 Opening a Previously Saved Snapshot
•
A short press (about 1s) on the
snapshots that have been saved.
•
The small icon to the left of each snapshot (date and time) tells you what type of
data was stored.
button gives access to the menu of
Figure 5-39
• Use the ▲ or ▼ buttons to select the snapshot.
• To display the snapshot, press the
button, then the
• After reviewing the snapshot, press the
saved snapshots.
button.
button again to return to the list of
The various storage spaces of the PowerPad® are of a fixed size and are
completely independent. There are four memory spaces available (alarms,
snapshot, transients and recordings).
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
5.7.2 Deleting a Snapshot
1. Press the
icon’s yellow button
2. Select the snapshot to be deleted using the ▲ or ▼ button, then press the
button to confirm deletion.
To leave this screen without deleting any alarm, press the
button.
5.8 Help
Press this button to obtain help for the current display mode.
To exit the Help mode, press the
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
button once again.
89
CHAPTER 6
DATAVIEW® SOFTWARE
6.1 Installing DataView®
DO NOT CONNECT THE INSTRUMENT TO THE PC BEFORE INSTALLING
THE SOFTWARE AND DRIVERS.
NOTE: When installing, the user must have Administrative access rights
during the installation. The users access rights can be changed after the
installation is complete.
DataView® must be reinstalled for each user in a multi-user system.
USB Flash Drive Install
1. Insert the USB stick into an available USB port (wait for driver to be installed).
2. If Autorun is enabled then an AutoPlay window should appear as shown.
NOTE: If Autorun is disabled, it will be necessary to open Windows
Explorer, then locate and open the USB stick drive labeled “DataView” to
view the files on the drive.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
3. In the AutoPlay window, select Open Folder to view Files.
4. Double-click on Setup.exe from the opened folder view to launch the DataView setup program.
NOTE: If installing onto a Vista based computer the User Account Control
dialog box will be displayed. Select the Allow option to proceed.
5. A Set-up window, similar to the one below, will appear.
Figure 6-1
There are several different options to choose from. Some options(*) require an
internet connection.
• DataView, Version x.xx.xxxx - Installs DataView® onto the PC.
• *Adobe Reader - Links to the Adobe® website to download the most
recent version of Adobe® Reader to the computer. Adobe® Reader is
required for viewing PDF documents supplied with DataView®.
• *DataView Updates - Links to the online DataView® software updates to
check for new software version releases.
• *Firmware Upgrades - Links to the online firmware updates to check
for new firmware version releases.
• Documents - Shows a list of instrument related documents that you can
view. Adobe® Reader is required for viewing PDF documents supplied
with DataView®.
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91
6. DataView, Version x.xx.xxxx option should be selected by default. Select
the desired language and then click on Install.
7.The Installation Wizard window will appear. Click Next.
8. To proceed, accept the terms of the license agreement and click Next.
9. In the Customer Information window, enter a Name and Company, then click
Next.
10. In the Setup Type window that appears, select the “Complete” radio button
option, then click Next.
11. In the Select Features window that appears, select the instrument’s control
panel that you want to install, then click Next.
NOTE: The PDF-XChange option must be selected to be able to generate
PDF reports from within DataView®.
Figure 6-2
12. In the Ready to Install the Program window, click on Install.
13. If the instrument selected for installation requires the use of a USB port, a
warning box will appear, similar to Figure 6-3. Click OK.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Figure 6-3
NOTE: The installation of the drivers may take a few moments. Windows
may even indicate that it is not responding, however it is running. Please
wait for it to finish.
14. When the drivers are finished installing, the Installation Successful dialog
box will appear. Click on OK.
15. Next, the Installation Wizard Complete window will appear. Click on Finish.
16.A Question dialog box appears next. Click Yes to read the procedure for connecting the instrument to the USB port on the computer.
NOTE: The Set-up window remains open. You may now select another
option to download (e.g. Adobe® Reader), or close the window.
17. Restart your computer, then connect the instrument to the USB port on the
computer.
18. Once connected, the Found New Hardware dialog box will appear. Windows
will complete the driver installation process automatically.
Shortcuts for DataView® and each instrument control panel selected during the
installation process have been added to your desktop.
NOTE: If you connected your instrument to the computer before installing
the software and drivers, you may need to use the Add/Remove Hardware utility to remove the instrument driver before repeating the process.
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93
6.2 Connecting the PowerPad® to your Computer
The PowerPad® is supplied with a USB cable required for connecting the instrument to the computer.
To connect the PowerPad® to your computer:
1. Connect USB cable to the port on the side panel of the PowerPad®.
2. Connect the other end of the USB cable to a USB port on your computer.
3. Turn the PowerPad® on (for the Control Panel to work, the PowerPad®
must be on at all times when in use).
You are now ready to use the DataView® software with the PowerPad®.
6.3 Opening the Control Panel
To open the Power Analyzer Control Panel:
•
Double-click the PowerPad Icon that was created during installation, located on
the desktop.
•
The Connection window will appear (see Figure 6-4).
Once the communication link is established, DataView® will automatically identify
the instrument that it is connected to.
Figure 6-4
•
Make sure the communications port displayed in the dialog box matches the
instrument you plugged the USB cable into. If the correct port is not selected,
click on the drop-down menu to select it.
For detailed instructions and descriptions for any feature in a dialog box,
click on the Help Button, or right-click on the feature you want information about.
94
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Figure 6-5
The Control Panel displays:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Recorded Data from the instrument
Realtime Data
Connection status
The communications port and speed of the connection
The model number, serial number, firmware and hardware revision
The battery charge level, whether the battery is charging or discharging,
and the time on the clock
• If a recording is in progress and when it is scheduled to end
• If a delayed recording is scheduled and when it is scheduled to begin
• Connection type (Electrical Hookup)
If the indicated items are not shown on the screen, select Restore Default Layout
from the Window menu.
If the battery charge is shown to be unknown, plug the PowerPad® into AC
Power. When it reaches 100% charge, the display should again be able to
show the battery charge.
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6.4 Common Functions
The buttons described below appear on several DataView® Setup Screens.
• Re-Read from Instrument: Reads the current configuration of the
PowerPad® attached via the serial cable.
• Save to File: Saves the current configuration. This file will reside on
the computer’s disk drive. Saving different configuration setups can be
useful for future functions and tests.
• Load from File: Retrieves a saved file from the computer’s disk drive to
be used in programming the PowerPad®.
• OK: Closes the dialog box while saving the current configuration and
returns to the Control Panel.
• Cancel: Exit without saving configuration.
• Apply: Programs the PowerPad® using the current settings without
closing the window.
• Help: Opens the online Help.
6.5 Configuring the Instrument
The Configure dialog box lets you configure every aspect of the PowerPad®. Each
field is identical to the programmable features available from the instrument’s front
panel itself.
Several of the functions are configured by typing the appropriate value in the field
provided. Others are configured by clicking on the appropriate radio button or Icon,
such as, selecting the current probe.
To configure the instrument, go to Instrument > Configure or select Configuration from the Instrument Tree.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
6.5.1Setup
Figure 6-6
•
Reactive Values Calculation: With or without harmonics. Applies to VAR
calculation.
•
Nominal Frequency: 50 or 60Hz. This parameter determines the correction
coefficients used for calculating power and energy.
•
Current Sensor: MN93, MN193, SR193, MR193, A193, SL261 AmpFlex®,
MiniFlex® or ADA Adapter (used to accept probes with other ratios or a direct
1 Amp or 5 Amp input)
•
Connection Type: Single-Phase, Two-Phase (Split Phase), 3-Phase 3 wire
or 3-Phase 5 wire.
•
Set Instrument’s Clock: Resets the time and date on the PowerPad® to that
of the computer or a desired setting.
•
Voltage Transformer Ratio: Sets the scale for voltage measurement in
cases where measurements are on the secondary side of a transformer and
the primary value needs to be displayed.
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6.5.2 Instrument Display
The Instrument Display tab allows you to customize the display (colors, clock,
language and contrast).
Figure 6-7
NOTE: For detailed instructions and descriptions for any feature in a
dialog box, click on the Help Button (lower right-side of the dialog box),
or right-click on the feature you want information about.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
6.5.3 Alarm Conditions Configuration
The Alarm Conditions tab allows you to set up 40 alarm configurations.
Figure 6-8
•
Schedule Alarm Search: Check this box to activate the alarms, and set a
starting and ending time and date to assign the time period during which the
alarms will be active.
•
Prev Page & Next Page: Move between the 4 pages of alarms with 10
alarms per page.
•
Capture Parameter: The Alarm will be triggered based on the value of the
selected parameter.
Choices include:
None: no alarm
Vrms: voltage root mean squared
Vunb: voltage unbalance
Urms: voltage phase minus phase root
mean squared
Aunb: current unbalance
Arms: current root mean squared
Akf: current K factor
VPST: voltage short term flicker
Vcf: voltage crest factor
Hz: frequency
Vthd: voltage total harmonic distortion
Ucf: voltage phase minus phase
Uthd: voltage phase minus phase total
harmonic distortion
Athd: current total harmonic distortion
crest factor
Acf: current crest factor
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
W: active power
99
•
Harmonic Number: For alarm parameters, Vh, Ah, Uh, and VAh, selects
which harmonic number is being used as an alarm condition. For example,
Vh with a harmonic number of 2, will only look at Voltage phase to neutral,
harmonic 2.
•
Phases: Some alarm conditions have a phase selection. W, VAR, and VA,
have a choice of “3L” (each individual phase), or “Sum” which is the sum of
phases. DPF, PF, and TAN have the choice of “3L” (each individual phase),
or “Mean” which is the mean of phases.
•
Threshold: The value that must be reached to start an alarm. For “>”
alarms, the value or higher must be reached, for “<” alarms, the value or
lower must be reached.
•
Duration: The Alarm will only be recorded if the duration of the parameter
meeting the threshold criteria exceeds the duration. The minimum alarm
duration can be in minutes or seconds. In the case of Vrms, Urms or Arms
not using neutral current, can also be in hundredths of a second.
For Vrms, Urms, and Arms, it can be useful to set a duration of 0 seconds. In
that case an event as short as a half cycle can be detected (8 milliseconds at
60Hz). For all other parameters, the minimum duration that can be detected
is 1 second.
•
Hysteresis: This value for alarms is set to prevent multiple recordings of
an event that goes above the threshold and a certain percentage below it at
times.
Example: Alarm threshold is 100 Volts or higher, hysteresis is 1%. When the
voltage goes up to 100V, the alarm condition starts. When it goes back down to
99V, the alarm condition stops.
NOTE: You can configure alarms, recordings, inrush, and transient searches while
testing is in progress.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
6.5.4 Recordings Configuration
The Recordings tab shows the parameters for a recording session.
Figure 6-9
Four different configurations are available. More configurations can be saved by
pressing “Save to File” and recalled later by pressing “Load From File”.
1. Select the configuration to set up: 1, 2, 3 or 4.
2. Check the box for each parameter desired in the “Data to Record” section.
3. Configure the harmonic values to be recorded, if desired.
It is possible to record up to 2 of 4 types of harmonic data, voltage
(Vh), current (Ah), phase to phase voltage (Uh), and power (VAh).
For each selected harmonic data type, you can choose a range of harmonics
to record from the 1st to 50th. You can further limit that range to only include
odd numbers by checking the box for “Odd Harmonics Only”.
4. Check the box next to “Schedule Recording” to activate the recording function. Choose a starting and ending time to assign a time period for the recording to run. Enter a name for the recording (up to 8 characters), if desired.
5. Choose an “Averaging Period” for the recording, which sets how often the
recording updates while it is running.
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101
The PowerPad® loses its scheduled recording if it is powered off before
the recording begins. If it is powered off during the recording, a partial recording will usually still exist but with the first letter of its name
changed to “@”. The start and end times requested for the recording
might be adjusted by the PowerPad® to be in even multiples of the averaging period. For instance, if an integration period of 10 minutes was
requested, and the start time was 9:03, the recording might not actually
begin until 9:10.
6.5.5Transients
The Transients tab allows you to set up the criteria for capturing transients.
Figure 6-10
1. Click the check box next to “Schedule Transient Search” to activate the
transient search function.
2. Type a name for the session, up to five characters.
3. Select the date and time to begin and end the search for transients.
4. Select the percent deviation for voltage and current transients. The choices
available from the drop-down menu are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100% of the full
scale range of measurement.
5. Select the maximum number of transients to capture (from 1 to 210).
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
6.5.6Inrush
The Inrush tab shows the dialog box used to configure the parameters for an
Inrush search.
Figure 6-11
1. Click the check box next to Schedule Inrush Search to activate the function.
2. Set a time and date for the search to begin.
3. Assign a Current Threshold in Amps, to trigger the inrush recording.
4. Select the Channel to run the Inrush search on. The search can be performed
on one of the three current channels (A1, A2, A3) or all three (3A).
5. Select a Hysteresis percentage.
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6.5.7Monitoring
The EN50160 standard defines limiting values and permissible variations of the
voltage quality for the European Community. It defines which parameters are
relevant, and how are they measured. Continuous or random sampling control
of the voltage quality provides the supplier of electric energy with a reliable basis
when dealing with network problems, and it contributes to quality assurance.
The purpose of the EN50160 standard “Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied
by public distribution systems” is to specify the characteristics to the customer of
the supply voltage with regard to the course of the curve, the voltage level, the
frequency and symmetry of the three phase-network at the interconnecting point.
The goal is to determine limiting values for regular operating conditions.
However, facility defects may lead to major disturbances in the electricity distribution
supply network. Accordingly, the standard establishes these values as limiting
values, which are not allowed to be exceeded on the high or low side during 95%
of the controlled period, typically one week.
Figure 6-12
Configure and start an EN50160 test of line quality. Note that It is recommended
that a brief test of 10 minutes or shorter be done first, to verify that the connections
and parameters of the test are correct. Only then should the 1-week test be done.
If neither of the voltage profiles are chosen, a field appears to enter the nominal
voltage. The frequency is not asked for, since it will be asked for when the test
result is downloaded.
Follow the instructions in the dialog box to set up and run this special test. Press
the Help button for further instructions.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
6.5.8 Running the Test
After configuring the instrument, press “OK”. The status window will display if a
recording is ready to start. Select “Yes” to run the scheduled testing, select “No”
to close the Configure dialog box and cancel the testing.
6.6 Real-time Windows
When your setup is completed, you can display different views on the screen of
real-time data and waveforms.
6.6.1 Waveform and Harmonic Graph
Figure 6-13
•
Select the type of data to see.
•
Stop the update with the Hold (Pause) button. Resume with the Start (Play)
button.
•
Print the screen selected.
•
Save the data by choosing either Create DataView Report to view the data
in a DataView® report or Create Spreadsheet to view in a Spreadsheet
program (e.g. Microsoft® Excel).
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6.6.2Power/Energy
Figure 6-14
The Power/Energy window displays accumulated power and energy data.
Accumulated energy data can be started or stopped and the results can be downloaded to a database and viewed on the screen, selected by phase.
The data for all available phases are downloaded to a database or spread sheet, not just what is shown on the screen.
6.6.3Trend
Figure 6-15
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Shows a real-time trend of data from the PowerPad®. The data is an average of
waveforms downloaded to the PC whose scale adjusts constantly to fit all the data
it has received.
6.7 Downloading Data
To download recorded data, go to Instrument > Recorded Data, recorded data
can also be found from the Instrument tree view. Expand the sections under
“Recorded Data from the Instrument” then click on a line that describes the
desired recorded data. It will bring up a window with a graph of the data.
Figure 6-16
•
Select the data you want to download by clicking on the desired tab
(Recordings, Photographs, etc.), then clicking on the file name.
•
You can choose to view the data in three different ways:
- “Create DataView Report” inserts the data into a DataView® report
which can then be viewed, modified and saved.
- “Create Spreadsheet” saves the data in a Microsoft® Excel spreadsheet
(.csv file) which can then be viewed, modified and saved.
- “View” opens up a window with a graph of the data where the user can
select to “Print”, “Create DataView Report”, and “Create Spreadsheet”.
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•
From the “Recorded Data” window it is possible to delete files stored on the
PowerPad® using the “Delete” button
•
The “Download All Recorded Data” button allows the user to download
and save all the files on the PowerPad® for later viewing and analysis.
•
Recorded data can also be found from the Instrument tree view. Expand the
sections under “Recorded Data from the Instrument” then click on a line
that describes the desired recorded data. It will bring up a window with a
graph of the data.
Recordings:
The Recording tab displays a list of recordings within the PowerPad®.
These recordings can be selected and downloaded to a database.
Photographs:
The Photographs tab displays a list of photographs (snapshots), with the date and
time, taken when the camera button was pressed.
When “View” is selected, it shows the waveforms, power data and Bitmap image
of the PowerPad® screen from the time the camera button was pressed.
Snapshots can only be initiated using the camera button on the Power Pad® itself, not by DataView®.
Alarms:
The Alarms tab displays the alarm search that was recorded to the PowerPad®.
Details on the alarm search are available by clicking on the desired alarm set,
which opens up an alarm window with the searches details. Alarm search data can
be selected and downloaded to a Spreadsheet or a DataView® Report by clicking
the corresponding buttons.
Transients:
The Transients tab displays transients stored on the PowerPad®. It shows the
number and name of the recording, and the time it began and ended. The selected
transient(s) can either be downloaded or deleted.
The downloaded result contains many waveforms. Use the controls “><” and “<>”
located at the lower right corner of the window, to zoom in or out of the data.
These controls are available in every graph from recorded data.
There is also a checkbox, “View As List”, which can be used to show the value
of every datapoint.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Inrush:
The Inrush tab displays recorded Inrush data that is stored on the PowerPad®.
Monitoring:
The Monitoring tab displays recorded tests that can be downloaded and
analyzed.
After selecting a recording and clicking “View”, the summary window appears
showing the results after all the data has been downloaded to a database. It
displays the name, percent of the 10-minute periods that it has been out of range,
followed by the range it needed to be within.
6.8 Saving Real-time Measurements
Real-time data received from an instrument can be saved directly into a recording session database. This differs from the process of downloading and saving
recorded data in that the measurements are stored on the computer as the instrument measures them. These measurements are not necessarily being stored
within the instrument. However, the instrument may be configured to record at
the same time real-time measurements are being received from the instrument. In
which case, two copies of the measurements will be stored. One copy is stored on
the local computer and the other in memory within the instrument.
To Save a Real-time Measurement:
1. From the Realtime Trend window, check the “Rec to PC” checkbox.
2. In the Save As dialog box that appears, specify the type of file to save in the
“Save as Type” field. The choices are .dvb (DataView database), .xls (Excel
spreadsheet), or .csv (Comma Separated File). Specify the name of the file
by typing it into the File name field, select the desired location to save the file,
then click Save to save the file.
3. When the “Rec to PC” option is unchecked the file can be opened by selecting “Yes” from the View Saved File dialog box.
To edit the Session Properties, return to the Power Analyzer Control Panel and
select File > Edit Session Properties.
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Figure 6-17
The Session Properties dialog box allows you to specify the Operator, Site and
Custom parameters that are to be saved with recorded data. These parameters
are used when generating reports.
The Operator and Site tabs allow you to maintain lists of operators and sites,
saving you time when specifying parameters for reports.
On the left of the Operator and Site tabs is the list of previously defined Operators
and Sites. On the right of the Operator and Site tabs is the individual parameters
that will be saved in an associated database. Only a single set of operator and site
fields are saved in the recording database.
The Custom tab contains a list of user defined parameters. Along side each user
defined parameter is a check box. Items that are checked will be added to an
associated database. Only a single set of Custom parameters can be maintained
(unlike the Operator and Site lists). The Custom tab allows you to specify any user
defined parameters (in addition to the comments field of the Site tab) that are to be
used in displaying a report.
In addition to the pre-designed report templates, DataView® allows you
to totally configure reports to your needs. Refer to the DataView® HELP
file on “Templates” to learn more about templates.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
CHAPTER 7
MAINTENANCE
Use only factory specified replacement parts. AEMC® will not be held responsible
for any accident, incident, or malfunction following a repair done other than by its
service center or by an approved repair center.
Before first use, charge and discharge the instrument one or two cycles
to ensure the proper level display of the battery indicator.
7.1 Battery Indicator
The number of bars in the battery icon located in the upper right of the screen
shows the battery level.
Icon
Battery Charge Status
Battery charged
Low battery
Battery charging
The PowerPad® is being powered by the power cord
When the capacity of the battery is too low, the following message is displayed:
Low battery
Instrument will soon turn OFF
Press
to confirm. The PowerPad® will shut off after one minute if you do not
connect the PowerPad® to the power cord.
The battery may fully discharge when recording for long periods of time
while not connected to a power supply. The PowerPad® will continue to
record for some time, even if below the minimum battery charge value.
However, the display may not come back on, and will eventually stop
saving data when the battery is too low. All data recorded will be saved.
During the recording, the ON/OFF button will blink. If the light is not blinking, the recording has stopped and the data has been saved. Do not turn
the instrument OFF. Supply power to the PowerPad® with the power cord
and press the ON/OFF button.
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111
7.2 Recharging the Battery
Battery life is 10 hours when the battery is completely charged and no recording is
in progress. Battery life is approximately 35 hours when recording and the display
is off.
The batteries automatically begin recharging when the PowerPad® is connected
to the AC power supply. Only use the supplied AC power supply to recharge the
batteries of the PowerPad®. It will take about 5 hours to fully charge completely
drained batteries. The batteries will not be depleted when the unit is connected to
the power supply.
The instrument will not recharge if the message “Instrument will soon
turn OFF” is displayed on the screen. The Enter button must be pressed
or the instrument must be turned OFF before recharging will start.
7.3 Changing the Battery
WARNING:
• When changing the battery, disconnect all instrument inputs and turn the
equipment off. There must be a delay of at least one minute without the
battery being connected.
• Do not expose the battery to heat exceeding 212°F (100°C)
• Do not short-circuit the battery terminals
To change the battery, disconnect from any input and make sure the instrument is
turned off.
With a coin, remove back panel and replace with a 9.6V NiMH factory supplied
battery pack.
NOTE: The memory card is accessible when the battery is removed from the compartment.
7.4Cleaning
Disconnect the instrument from any source of electricity.
• Use a soft cloth, lightly dampened with soapy water
• Wipe with a damp cloth and then dry with a dry cloth
• Do not splash water directly on the clamp
• Do not use alcohol, solvents or hydrocarbons
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
APPENDIX A
MATHEMATICAL FORMULAS FOR VARIOUS PARAMETERS
NOTE the following abbreviations used in this section:
NSHC = number of samples per half cycle (between two consecutive
zeros)
NSC = number of samples per cycle
NSS = number of samples in a second (multiple of NSC)
V = voltage phase to neutral
U = voltage phase to phase
RMS values of half-cycle voltage and current
(excluding neutral)
Half-cycle RMS phase-to-neutral voltage of phase (i+1) with i X [0; 2].
Half-cycle RMS phase-to-phase voltage of phase (i+1) with i X [0; 2].
Half-cycle RMS current of phase (i+1) with i X [0; 2].
To avoid missing any fault, these values are calculated for each half-cycle.
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113
Minimum and Maximum half-cycle RMS values
(excluding neutral)
Min and max RMS phase-to-neutral voltages of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Vmax [i] = max(Vhalf[i]), Vmin[i] = min(Vhalf[i])
Min and max RMS phase-to-phase voltages of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Umax [i] = max(Uhalf[i]), Umin[i] = min(Uhalf[i])
Min and max RMS currents of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Amax [i] = max(Ahalf[i]), Amin[i] = min(Ahalf[i])
NOTE: The duration of the evaluation is left to the user’s discretion (reset by pressing the
key).
Short-term flicker – 10 minute (excluding neutral)
Method based on the IEC 61000-4-15 standard.
The input values are half-cycle phase-to-neutral voltages. Blocks 3 and 4 are created digitally. The classifier of block 5 has 128 levels.
The value Vflk[i] is updated every 10 minutes (phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2]).
Peak Values
(neutral except Upp and Upm – over 250ms)
Positive and negative phase-to-neutral peak voltages of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 3]
Vpp[i]=max (V[i][n]), Vpm[i]=min (V[i][n]), n ∈ [0..NSC-1]
Positive and negative phase-to-phase peak voltages of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2]
Upp[i]=max (U[i][n]), Upm[i]=min (U[i][n]), n ∈ [0..NSC-1]
Positive and negative peak currents of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 3]
App[i]=max (A[i][n]), Apm[i]=min (A[i][n]), n ∈ [0..NSC-1]
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Peak Factors (excluding neutral – over 250ms)
Peak factor of phase-to-neutral voltage of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2]
Vcf
[]ii ==
Vcf []
max(Vpp
[]ii ,,Vpm
[]ii ))
max(Vpp[]
Vpm []
Peak
Peak factor
factor single
single voltage
voltage ii +
+ 11 phase
phase
NSC − 1
NSC − 1
2
11
2
[][
]
⋅⋅ ∑V
i
n
V [][
i n]
∑
NSC
n =0
NSC
n =0
Peak factor of phase-to-phase voltage of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2]
Ucf
[]ii ==
Ucf []
max(Upp
[]ii ,,Upm
[]ii ))
max(Upp[]
Upm[]
Peak
Peak factor
factor phase-phase
phase-phase voltage
voltage ii +
+ 11 phase
phase
NSC − 1
NSC − 1
11
2
2
[][
]
⋅⋅ ∑U
i
n
[][
]
U
i
n
∑
NSC
n =0
NSC
n =0
Peak factor of current of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2]
Acf []
[]ii ==
Acf
max(App
[]ii ,,Apm
[]ii ))
max(App[]
Apm[]
Peak
Peak factor
factor current
current ii +
+ 11 phase
phase
NSC − 1
NSC − 1
11
2
2
[][
]
⋅⋅ ∑A
i
n
[][
]
A
i
n
∑
NSC
n =0
NSC
n =0
RMS Values
(neutral except URMS - over one second)
RMS phase-to-neutral voltage of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 3] (i = 3 ⇔ neutral-toearth voltage).
Vrms
[]ii ==
Vrms []
11
NSS
NSS
⋅⋅
NSS
NSS −
− 111
NSS
−
ii nn]]
∑VV [][
[][
222
Single
Single rms
rms voltage
voltage ii +
+ 11 phase
phase
nnn =
=000
=
RMS phase-to-phase voltage of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Urms
[]ii ==
Urms []
11
NSS
NSS
⋅⋅
NSS
NSS −
− 111
NSS
−
ii nn]]
∑UU[][
[][
222
Compound
Compound rms
rms voltage
voltage ii +
+ 11 phase
phase
nnn =
=000
=
RMS current of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 3] (i = 3 ⇔ neutral current).
Arms
[]ii ==
Arms []
11
NSS
NSS
⋅⋅
NSS
−
NSS
NSS −
− 111
[][
ii nn]]
∑AA [][
222
Rms
Rms current
current ii +
+ 11 phase
phase
nnn =
=
=000
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115
Voltage and Current Unbalance
(three-phase connection - over one second)
These are calculated from the filtered RMS vector values (over one second)
VFrms[i] and Afrms[i] (ideally the fundamental vectors of the signals).
NOTE: The operations are vector operations in complex notation with
Forward phase-to-neutral voltage (vector)
Vrms + =
1
(VFrms[0] + a ⋅ VFrms[1] + a 2 ⋅ VFrms[2])
3
Reverse phase-to-neutral voltage (vector)
1
Vrms − = (VFrms[0] + a 2 ⋅ VFrms[1] + a ⋅ VFrms[2])
3
Phase-to-neutral voltage unbalance (vector)
Vunb =
Vrms −
Vrms +
Forward current (vector)
Arms + =
1
(AFrms[0] + a ⋅ AFrms[1] + a 2 ⋅ AFrms[2])
3
Reverse current (vector)
Arms − =
1
(AFrms[0] + a 2 ⋅ AFrms[1] + a ⋅ AFrms[2])
3
Current unbalance (vector)
Aunb =
Arms −
Arms +
Harmonic Calculations
(excluding neutral – over 4 consecutive periods every second)
Harmonic bins are calculated by FFT with 16 bit resolution (1024 samples on 4
cycles) without windowing (IEC 1000-4-7). From the real parts bk and the imaginary parts ak, the harmonic factor is calculated for each order (j) and for each
phase (i) (Vharm[i][j], Uharm[i][j], and Aharm[i][j]) with respect to the fundamental
and the angles Vph[i][j], Uph[i][j], and Aph[i][j] with respect to the fundamental.
This calculation is accomplished using the following principle:
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
The factor in percent [%] ⇔ t k =
ck
100
c4
 ak 
 −ϕ4

 bk 
The angle in degrees [°] ⇔ ϕ k = arctan
c
 k

bk


with 
ak


c
 0

= bk + ja
k
= a k2 + bk2
1024
=
1

 kπ
Fs ⋅ sin 
s +ϕk 
512 s =0
512


=
1

 kπ
s +ϕk 
Fs ⋅ cos
512 s =0

 512
=
1
Fs
1024 s =0
∑
1024
∑
1024
∑
ck is the amplitude of the component of order
j=
k
k
fk = f4
4 with a frequency
4
Fs is the sampled signal at the fundamental frequency
co is the DC component
k is the index of the pectral spike - the order of the harmonic component is
j=
k
4
NOTE: The power harmonic factors are calculated by multiplying the phaseto-neutral voltage harmonic factors by the current harmonic factors. The power
harmonic angles (VAharm[i][j] and VAph[i][j]) are calculated by differentiating the
phase-to-neutral voltage harmonic angles with the current harmonic angles.
Harmonic Distortions
(excluding neutral – over 4 consecutive cycles every second)
Two global values giving the relative quantity of harmonics are calculated: the THD
as a proportion of the fundamental (“THD-F”) and the DF as a proportion of the
RMS value (“THD-R”).
Total harmonic distortion of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2] (THD or THD-F).
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117
Distortion factors of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2] (DF or THD-R).
K factor
(excluding neutral – over 4 consecutive cycles every second)
K factor for phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Sequence harmonics
(over 3 × (4 consecutive cycles) every second)
Negative-sequence harmonics
7
Vharm − =
1
3
2
∑ Vharm[i][3 j + 2]
i =0
Vharm[i ][1]
∑
j =0
, Aharm − =
7
1
3
2
∑ Aharm[i][3 j + 2]
i =0
Aharm[i ][1]
∑
j =0
Zero-sequence harmonics
7
1
Vharm 0 =
3
2
∑
∑
j =0
i =0
7
Vharm[i ][3 j + 3]
Vharm[i ][1]
1
, Aharm 0 =
3
2
∑ Aharm[i][3 j + 3]
i =0
Aharm[i ][1]
∑
j =0
Positive -sequence harmonics
7
1
Vharm + =
3
118
2
∑
i =0
∑
j =0
Vharm[i ][3 j + 4]
Vharm[i ][1]
7
1
, Aharm + =
3
2
∑ Aharm[i][3 j + 4]
i =0
Aharm[i ][1]
∑
j =0
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Powers
(excluding neutral – over one second)
NSS = number of samples in a second
Active power of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
W[i ] =
1
NSS
⋅
NSS −1
∑ V [i][n]⋅ A[i][n]
n =0
Apparent power of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Reactive power (without harmonics) of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
i =
VAR []
1
NSS
.
NSS-1
∑
i [n VF []
n=0
NSC
4
] . AF [][
i n]
Reactive power (with harmonics) of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Reactive powers are calculated using the filtered signals (without harmonics) –
VF[i][j] and AF[i][j] - in accordance with EDF (French national electricity company)
rules or from the apparent and active powers (with harmonics). The choice of calculation is left up to the user.
Total active power
W[3] = W[0] + W[1] + W[2]
Total apparent power
VA[3] = VA[0] + VA[1] + VA[2]
Total reactive power
VAR[3] = VAR[0] + VAR[1] + VAR[2]
Power ratios
(excluding neutral – over one second)
NSS = number of samples in a second
Power Factor of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
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119
Displacement Power factor of phase (i +1) or cosine of the angle of the phase-toneutral voltage fundamental of phase (i+1) with respect to the current fundamental
of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Tangent of phase (i +1) or tangent of the angle of the phase-to-neutral voltage
fundamental of phase (i+1) with respect to the current fundamental of phase (i+1)
with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Total power factor
Total displacement power factor
DPF[3] =
DPF[0] + DPF[1] + DPF[2]
3
Total tangent
Tan [3] =
Tan [0] + Tan [1] + Tan [2]
3
Energies (excluding neutral – over Tint with refresh every second)
Tint is the power integration time in energy calculations; the beginning and end of
this period are user-controlled.
Case 1: consumed energies (W[i] ≥ 0)
Consumed active energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Consumed apparent energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Consumed inductive reactive energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
VARhL[0][i ] =
VAR[i ]
∑ 3600
with VAR[i] ≥ 0
Tint
Consumed capacitive reactive energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
VARhC[0][i ] =
∑
Tint
−VAR[i ]
with VAR[i] < 0
3600
Total consumed active energy
Wh[0][3] = Wh[0][0] + Wh[0][1] + Wh[0][2]
Total consumed apparent energy
VAh[0][3] = VAh[0][0] + VAh[0][1] + VAh[0][2]
Total consumed capacitive reactive energy
VARhC[0][3] = VARhC[0][0] + VARhC[0][1] + VARhC[0][2]
Total consumed reactive inductive energy
VARhL[0][3] = VARhL[0][0] + VARhL[0][1] + VARhL[0][2]
Case 2: generated energies (W[i] < 0)
Generated active energy of phase i + 1.
Generated apparent energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
Generated inductive reactive energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
VARhL[1][i ] =
∑
Tint
−VAR[i ]
with VAR[i] < 0
3600
Generated capacitive reactive energy of phase (i+1) with i ∈ [0 ; 2].
VARhC[1][i ] =
VAR[i ]
∑ 3600
with VAR[i] ≥ 0
Tint
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121
Total generated active energy
Wh[1][3] = Wh[1][0] + Wh[1][1] + Wh[1][2]
Total generated apparent energy
VAh[1][3] = VAh[1][0] + VAh[1][1] + VAh[1][2]
Total generated capacitive reactive energy
VARhC[1][3] = VARhC[1][0] + VARhC[1][1] + VARhC[1][2]
Total generated inductive reactive energy
VARhL[1][3] = VARhL[1][0] + VARhL[1][1] + VARhL[1][2]
Hysteresis
Hysteresis is a filtering principle, often used after the threshold detection has
occurred. A correct setting of hysteresis value will avoid repeated triggering when
the measure is varying close to the threshold.
The event detection is activated when the measure is going over the threshold but
it can only be deactivated if the measure goes under the threshold minus the value
of the hysteresis.
The default hysteresis value is 2% of the reference voltage but it may be set in the
range of [1%, 5%] depending on the voltage stability on the system.
Alarm for high voltage RMS (Swell Detection)
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Alarm for low voltage RMS (Sag or Interruption Detection)
Minimum scale values for waveforms and minimum RMS values
Type
Phase-to-neutral and
phase-to-phase voltages
AmpFlex® & MiniFlex®
SR193
MR193
MN93
SL261 (10mV/A)
SL261 (100mV/A)
MN193 (100A)
MN193 (5A)
5A Adaptor
(1)
Min scale value [waveform mode]
8V
90A
8A
8A
2A
0.8A
0.08A
0.8A
0.04A (1)
0.04A (1)
Value to be multiplied by the ratio in effect (if not unity).
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
123
Four-Quadrant Diagram
This diagram is used as part of measuring power and energy (see § 5.6)
Mechanism for triggering transient sensors
The sample rate is a constant value equivalent to 256 samples per cycle. When
a transient search is launched, each sample is compared to the sample from the
preceding cycle. The preceding cycle matches the middle of the tube; it is used as
a reference. As soon as a sample leaves the tube, the trigger event comes; representation of the transient is then captured by the PowerPad®. The cycle preceding
the event and the three following cycles are saved to memory.
Here is a graphical representation of the transient capture trigger mechanism:
1
2
3
0
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
124
Function
Reference period
Top of envelope
Cycle monitored
Bottom of envelope
Triggering event
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Capture Conditions in Inrush Current Mode
Reminder: Captures depend on the trigger event and a stop event. If the capture
ends with a stop event or if the recording memory of the PowerPad® is full, the
capture stops automatically.
The stop threshold for capture is calculated as follows:
[Stop threshold [A]] = [Start threshold [A]] × (100 – [Stop hysteresis [%]]) ÷ 100
Here are the conditions for triggering and stopping capture:
Triggering
filter type
A1
A2
A3
3A
Start and end conditions
Start condition  [A1 half-period RMS value] > [Start threshold]
Stop condition  [A1 half-period RMS value] < [Stop threshold]
Start condition  [A2 half-period RMS value] > [Start threshold]
Stop condition  [A2 half-period RMS value] < [Stop threshold]
Start condition  [A3 half-period RMS value] > [Start threshold]
Stop condition  [A3 half-period RMS value] < [Stop threshold]
Start condition  [the half-period RMS value of one current channel]
> [Start threshold]
Stop condition  [the half-period RMS values of all current channels]
< [Stop threshold]
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
125
APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Ampere: unit of electrical current intensity (A symbol).
Bandwidth: frequency range on which an instrument supplies a precise
measurement.
Channel and phase: a measurement channel corresponds to a difference in
potential between two conductors. A phase is a single conductor. In polyphased
systems, a measurement channel may be between two phases, or between a
phase and neutral, or between a phase and earth, or between neutral and earth.
Cut: reduction in voltage at a point in the electrical power network below the cut
threshold.
Dip threshold: specific voltage value to detect the start and end of a voltage dip.
Distortion factor (DF - Distortion Factor): ratio of the harmonics of a signal to
the whole signal without the DC or bias component (THD-R).
Harmonics level whole number equal to the relationship between the frequency
of the harmonic and the fundamental frequency.
Imbalance in voltage in a polyphased electrical power network: status where
efficient values for voltages between conductors (fundamental component) and/or
differences in phase between successive conductors are not equal.
Factor K: number based on the contents of a harmonic of a charge current that
determines the maximum load on a source of energy. The K factor calculated by the
PowerPad® is measured and compared with the one specified by the transformer
manufacturer. It gives the percentage of “harmonics load” of the transformer.
Flicker: The visual effect produced by the variation in electrical voltage.
Frequency: number of full voltage cycles produced in one second.
Fundamental component: component whose frequency is the fundamental
frequency.
Harmonics: voltage and current existing in electrical material at frequencies that
are multiples of the fundamental frequency.
Hysteresis: difference in amplitude between threshold incoming and outgoing
values.
K factor: used to quantify the effect of a load on a transformer.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Measurement method: all measurement methods associated to an individual
measurement.
Nominal voltage: voltage by which a network is named or identified.
Order of a harmonic: ratio of the frequency of the harmonic to the fundamental
frequency; a whole number.
Passband: range of frequencies in which the response of a device exceeds some
specified minimum.
Peak: maximum (+) or minimum (-) peak value of the signal.
Peak factor: relation between the peak value and efficient value of the current.
Phase: temporal relationship between current and voltage in alternating current
circuits.
Phase and route: a measurement route corresponds to a difference in potential
between two conductors. A phase is a simple conductor. In polyphased systems, a
measurement route can be between two phases or a phase and neutral or a phase
and earth or neutral and earth.
Phase displacement factor: relationship between the active power and apparent
power of the fundamental component.
Power displacement factor: expresses the difference between the apparent and
active power when and only when the relationship of the voltage phase and current
to the fundamental is taken into account.
Power factor: relationship between active and apparent power.
PST: (Short term perception). Calculation of flicker over a ten minute cycle.
PLT: (Long term perception). Calculation of flicker over a two-hour cycle.
RMS: Root Mean Square. Efficient value of a current or voltage.
Temporary surge at industrial frequency: temporary increase in the voltage
amplitude at a point in the electrical power network above a given threshold.
THD: Total Harmonic Distortion. The rate of total harmonic distortion gives the
influence of harmonic components in a signal.
Voltage dip: temporary reduction in the voltage amplitude at a point in the electrical power network below a given threshold.
UNB: Voltage unbalance in a polyphased electric power network; state in which
the RMS voltages between conductors and/or the phase differences between successive conductors are not all equal.
Watt: unit of measurement for power (W symbol).
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
127
SYMBOLS & ABBREVIATIONS
Meanings of the symbols and abbreviations used:
Symbol
Designation
AC and DC components.
AC component only.
DC component only.
F
Phase shift of phase-to-neutral voltage with respect to phase-to-neutral current.
Inductive phase shift.
Capacitive phase shift.
°
Degree.
-.+
Expert mode.
|
Absolute value.
|
S
Sum of values.
x
Mean value (arithmetic mean).
L
Phase (Line).
%
Percentage.
FVA
Phase shift of voltage with respect to current.
A
Current; also Ampere (unit).
Acf
Crest (peak) factor of current.
Ah
Current harmonic.
Akf
K Factor of current (for transformers).
Arms
True RMS current.
Athd
Total harmonic distortion of current.
Aunb
Current unbalance.
AVG
Mean value (arithmetic mean).
CF
Peak factor (current or voltage).
cos F
Cosine of the phase shift of voltage with respect to current (DPF)
DC
DC component (current or voltage).
DF
Distortion factor (THD-R)
DPF
Displacement factor (cos F).
Hz
Frequency of network studied.
KF
See Akf.
MAX
128
Maximum value.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Symbol
Designation
MIN
Minimum value
ms
Millisecond (unit)
PEAK
or PK
PF
Maximum (+) or minimum (-) peak instantaneous value of the signal
Power factor
PST
Short-term flicker
RMS
True RMS value (current or voltage)
t
Relative date of time cursor
tan F
Tangent of the phase shift of voltage with respect to current
THD
Total harmonic distortion (THD-F)
U
Phase-to-Phase voltage
Ucf
Phase-to-Phase voltage crest factor
Uh
Phase-to-phase voltage harmonic
Urms
True RMS phase-to-phase voltage
Uthd
Total phase-to-phase voltage harmonic distortion
Uunb
Phase-to-phase voltage unbalance
V
Phase-to-neutral voltage; also Volt (unit)
VA
Apparent power
VAh
Apparent energy; also apparent harmonic power
VAR
Reactive power
VARh
Reactive energy
Vcf
Voltage crest (peak) factor
Vh
Phase-to-neutral voltage harmonic
Vrms
True RMS phase-to-neutral voltage
Vthd
Total harmonic distortion of phase-to-neutral voltage
Vunb
Voltage unbalance
W
Active power
Wh
Active energy
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
129
Prefixes of International System (SI) units
Prefix
Symbol
Multiplies by
milli
m
10-3
kilo
k
103
Mega
M
106
Giga
G
109
Tera
T
1012
Peta
P
1015
Exa
E
1018
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
Repair and Calibration
To ensure that your instrument meets factory specifications, we recommend
that it be scheduled back to our factory Service Center at one-year intervals
for recalibration, or as required by other standards or internal procedures.
For instrument repair and calibration:
You must contact our Service Center for a Customer Service Authorization
Number (CSA#). This will ensure that when your instrument arrives, it will be
tracked and processed promptly. Please write the CSA# on the outside of the
shipping container. If the instrument is returned for calibration, we need to
know if you want a standard calibration, or a calibration traceable to N.I.S.T.
(Includes calibration certificate plus recorded calibration data).
Ship To: Chauvin Arnoux®, Inc. d.b.a. AEMC® Instruments
15 Faraday Drive
Dover, NH 03820 USA
Phone:(800) 945-2362 (Ext. 360)
(603) 749-6434 (Ext. 360)
Fax: (603) 742-2346 or (603) 749-6309
E-mail:repair@aemc.com
(Or contact your authorized distributor)
Costs for repair, standard calibration, and calibration traceable to N.I.S.T. are
available.
NOTE: You must obtain a CSA# before returning any instrument.
Technical and Sales Assistance
If you are experiencing any technical problems, or require any assistance with
the proper operation or application of your instrument, please call, mail, fax or
e-mail our technical support team:
Chauvin Arnoux®, Inc. d.b.a. AEMC® Instruments
200 Foxborough Boulevard
Foxborough, MA 02035 USA
Phone:(800) 343-1391
(508) 698-2115
Fax: (508) 698-2118
E-mail:techsupport@aemc.com
www.aemc.com
NOTE: Do not ship Instruments to our Foxborough, MA address.
Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
131
Limited Warranty
The PowerPad® Model 8335 is warranted to the owner for a period of one
year from the date of original purchase against defects in manufacture. This
limited warranty is given by AEMC® Instruments, not by the distributor from
whom it was purchased. This warranty is void if the unit has been tampered
with, abused or if the defect is related to service not performed by AEMC®
Instruments.
Full warranty coverage and product registration is available on our
website at www.aemc.com/warranty.html.
IMPORTANT WARRANTY NOTE:
By registering online within 30 days from the date of
purchase, your warranty will be extended to 3 years
Please print the online Warranty Coverage Information for your records.
What AEMC® Instruments will do:
If a malfunction occurs within the one-year period, you may return the instrument
to us for repair, provided we have your warranty registration information on file
or a proof of purchase. AEMC® Instruments will, at its option, repair or replace
the faulty material.
Warranty Repairs
What you must do to return an Instrument for Warranty Repair:
First, request a Customer Service Authorization Number (CSA#) by phone
or by fax from our Service Department (see address below), then return the
instrument along with the signed CSA Form. Please write the CSA# on the
outside of the shipping container. Return the instrument, postage or shipment
pre-paid to:
Ship To: Chauvin Arnoux®, Inc. d.b.a. AEMC® Instruments
15 Faraday Drive • Dover, NH 03820 USA
Phone:(800) 945-2362 (Ext. 360)
(603) 749-6434 (Ext. 360)
Fax: (603) 742-2346 or (603) 749-6309
E-mail:repair@aemc.com
Caution: To protect yourself against in-transit loss, we recommend you insure
your returned material.
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Power Quality Analyzer Model 8335
10/15
99-MAN 100330 v17
Chauvin Arnoux®, Inc. d.b.a. AEMC® Instruments
15 Faraday Drive • Dover, NH 03820 USA • Phone: (603) 749-6434 • Fax: (603) 742-2346
www.aemc.com
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