SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual

SPAN® on OEM6®
Firmware Reference
Manual
OM-20000144
Rev 5
August 2014
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual
Publication Number:
Revision Level:
Revision Date:
OM-20000144
5
August 2014
Proprietary Notice
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the
part of NovAtel Inc. The software described in this document is furnished under a license agreement or nondisclosure agreement. The software may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the
agreement. It is against the law to copy the software on any medium except as specifically allowed in the
license or non-disclosure agreement.
The information contained within this manual is believed to be true and correct at the time of publication.
NovAtel, SPAN, OEM6, RT-2, ALIGN, Inertial Explorer and Waypoint are registered trademarks of NovAtel
Inc.
FlexPak6, SPAN-IGM and IMU-IGM are trademarks of NovAtel Inc.
All other product or brand names are trademarks of their respective holders.
Manufactured and protected under U.S. Patents:
#5,390,207
#6,243,409 B1
#7,193,559 B2
#5,495,499
#6,608,998 B1
#7,346,452
#5,734,674
#6,664,923 B1
#7,738,536 B2
#5,736,961
#6,721,657 B2
#7,738,606 B2
#5,809,064
#6,728,637 B2
#7,885,317 B2
#6,184,822 B1
#6,750,816 B1
#8,442,097 B2
#6,211,821 B1
#6,922,167 B2
#8,467,433 B2#
© Copyright 2014 NovAtel Inc. All rights reserved. Unpublished rights reserved under International copyright
laws.
2
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Table of Contents
Customer Support
8
1 Introduction
9
1.1 About this manual ....................................................................................................................... 9
1.2 Related Documents and Information .......................................................................................... 9
1.3 Conventions ................................................................................................................................ 9
2 Messages
10
2.1 Message Types ........................................................................................................................... 10
2.1.1 ASCII .................................................................................................................................. 11
2.1.2 Abbreviated ASCII ............................................................................................................. 14
2.1.3 Binary ................................................................................................................................. 14
2.1.4 Description of ASCII and Binary Logs with Short Headers ............................................... 19
2.2 Responses................................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.1 Abbreviated Response ...................................................................................................... 20
2.2.2 ASCII Response................................................................................................................. 20
2.2.3 Binary Response................................................................................................................ 20
2.3 GLONASS Slot and Frequency Numbers ................................................................................... 22
2.4 GPS Reference Time Status........................................................................................................ 23
2.5 Message Time Stamps................................................................................................................ 24
2.6 Decoding of the GPS Reference Week Number ......................................................................... 24
2.7 32-Bit CRC .................................................................................................................................. 25
3 Responses
27
4 SPAN Commands
30
4.1 Using a Command as a Log........................................................................................................ 30
4.2 SPAN Specific Commands ......................................................................................................... 30
4.2.1 ALIGNMENTMODE............................................................................................................ 34
4.2.2 APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION ..................................................................................... 35
4.2.3 ASYNCHINSLOGGING ...................................................................................................... 36
4.2.4 CONNECTIMU ................................................................................................................... 37
4.2.5 DUALANTENNAPORTCONFIG.......................................................................................... 39
4.2.6 ENCLOSURECOMSELECT ............................................................................................... 40
4.2.7 ENCLOSUREWHEELSENSOR .......................................................................................... 41
4.2.8 EVENTINCONTROL ........................................................................................................... 42
4.2.9 EVENTOUTCONTROL ....................................................................................................... 44
4.2.10 GIMBALSPANROTATION ................................................................................................ 46
4.2.11 HEAVEFILTER.................................................................................................................. 47
4.2.12 IMUCONFIGURATION ..................................................................................................... 48
4.2.13 INPUTGIMBALANGLE ..................................................................................................... 49
4.2.14 INSCOMMAND ................................................................................................................ 50
4.2.15 INSTHRESHOLDS ........................................................................................................... 51
4.2.16 INSZUPT .......................................................................................................................... 52
4.2.17 INSZUPTCONTROL......................................................................................................... 53
4.2.18 INTERFACEMODE ........................................................................................................... 54
4.2.19 LEVERARMCALIBRATE................................................................................................... 57
4.2.20 NMEATALKER ................................................................................................................. 59
4.2.21 RELINSAUTOMATION ..................................................................................................... 61
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Table of Contents
4.2.22 RVBCALIBRATE............................................................................................................... 62
4.2.23 SETALIGNMENTVEL ....................................................................................................... 63
4.2.24 SETGIMBALORIENTATION ............................................................................................. 64
4.2.25 SETHEAVEWINDOW ....................................................................................................... 65
4.2.26 SETIMUORIENTATION .................................................................................................... 66
4.2.27 SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL............................................................................................... 69
4.2.28 SETIMUSPECS ................................................................................................................ 70
4.2.29 SETIMUTOANTOFFSET................................................................................................... 71
4.2.30 SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2................................................................................................. 73
4.2.31 SETINITATTITUDE ........................................................................................................... 74
4.2.32 SETINITAZIMUTH ............................................................................................................ 76
4.2.33 SETINSOFFSET ............................................................................................................... 77
4.2.34 SETMARK1OFFSET......................................................................................................... 78
4.2.35 SETMARK2OFFSET......................................................................................................... 79
4.2.36 SETMARK3OFFSET......................................................................................................... 80
4.2.37 SETMARK4OFFSET......................................................................................................... 81
4.2.38 SETUPSENSOR ............................................................................................................... 82
4.2.39 SETWHEELPARAMETERS .............................................................................................. 84
4.2.40 SETWHEELSOURCE ....................................................................................................... 85
4.2.41 TAGNEXTMARK............................................................................................................... 86
4.2.42 TIMEDEVENTPULSE ....................................................................................................... 87
4.2.43 VEHICLEBODYROTATION .............................................................................................. 88
4.2.44 WHEELVELOCITY............................................................................................................ 90
5 INS Logs
91
5.1 Logs with INS or GNSS Data ...................................................................................................... 91
5.2 INS Specific Logs........................................................................................................................ 92
5.2.1 BESTGNSSPOS................................................................................................................. 98
5.2.2 BESTGNSSVEL.................................................................................................................. 106
5.2.3 BESTLEVERARM ............................................................................................................... 107
5.2.4 BESTLEVERARM2 ............................................................................................................. 108
5.2.5 BESTPOS........................................................................................................................... 109
5.2.6 CORRIMUDATA ................................................................................................................. 111
5.2.7 CORRIMUDATAS............................................................................................................... 112
5.2.8 DELAYEDHEAVE ............................................................................................................... 113
5.2.9 GIMBALLEDPVA ................................................................................................................ 114
5.2.10 HEAVE.............................................................................................................................. 115
5.2.11 IMURATECORRIMUS ...................................................................................................... 116
5.2.12 IMURATEPVAS ................................................................................................................ 117
5.2.13 IMUTOANTOFFSETS....................................................................................................... 118
5.2.14 INSATT............................................................................................................................. 120
5.2.15 INSATTS .......................................................................................................................... 122
5.2.16 INSATTX........................................................................................................................... 123
5.2.17 INSCOV............................................................................................................................ 125
5.2.18 INSCOVS ......................................................................................................................... 126
5.2.19 INSPOS............................................................................................................................ 127
5.2.20 INSPOSS ......................................................................................................................... 128
5.2.21 INSPOSX.......................................................................................................................... 129
5.2.22 INSPVA ............................................................................................................................ 130
5.2.23 INSPVAS .......................................................................................................................... 131
5.2.24 INSPVAX .......................................................................................................................... 132
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Table of Contents
5.2.25 INSSPD ............................................................................................................................ 134
5.2.26 INSSPDS.......................................................................................................................... 135
5.2.27 INSUPDATE ..................................................................................................................... 136
5.2.28 INSVEL............................................................................................................................. 138
5.2.29 INSVELS .......................................................................................................................... 139
5.2.30 INSVELX........................................................................................................................... 140
5.2.31 MARK1COUNT ................................................................................................................ 141
5.2.32 MARK1PVA...................................................................................................................... 142
5.2.33 MARK2COUNT ................................................................................................................ 143
5.2.34 MARK2PVA...................................................................................................................... 144
5.2.35 MARK3COUNT ................................................................................................................ 145
5.2.36 MARK3PVA...................................................................................................................... 146
5.2.37 MARK4COUNT ................................................................................................................ 147
5.2.38 MARK4PVA...................................................................................................................... 148
5.2.39 PASHR ............................................................................................................................. 149
5.2.40 RAWIMU .......................................................................................................................... 150
5.2.41 RAWIMUS ........................................................................................................................ 160
5.2.42 RAWIMUSX...................................................................................................................... 162
5.2.43 RAWIMUX ........................................................................................................................ 164
5.2.44 RELINSPVA...................................................................................................................... 166
5.2.45 SYNCHEAVE.................................................................................................................... 168
5.2.46 SYNCRELINSPVA............................................................................................................ 169
5.2.47 TAGGEDMARK1PVA ....................................................................................................... 171
5.2.48 TAGGEDMARK2PVA ....................................................................................................... 172
5.2.49 TAGGEDMARK3PVA ....................................................................................................... 173
5.2.50 TAGGEDMARK4PVA ....................................................................................................... 174
5.2.51 TIMEDWHEELDATA......................................................................................................... 175
5.2.52 TSS1 ................................................................................................................................ 176
5.2.53 VARIABLELEVERARM ..................................................................................................... 178
5.2.54 VEHICLEBODYROTATION .............................................................................................. 179
5.2.55 WHEELSIZE ..................................................................................................................... 180
6 Variable Lever Arm
181
6.1 Technical Description.................................................................................................................. 181
6.2 How to Use Variable Lever Arm .................................................................................................. 183
6.2.1 Basic I/O ............................................................................................................................ 183
6.2.2 Rotations and Mapping ..................................................................................................... 184
6.3 The Vehicle Frame....................................................................................................................... 185
7 Relative INS
186
7.1 Configure Relative INS ................................................................................................................ 187
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
5
Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
Byte Arrangements .................................................................................................................... 11
Frame of Reference ................................................................................................................... 66
IMU to Antenna Offset ............................................................................................................... 72
Simple Configuration ................................................................................................................. 182
Rotation Results ......................................................................................................................... 182
Vehicle Frame ............................................................................................................................ 185
Relative INS Example ................................................................................................................ 186
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Tables
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
Field Types.................................................................................................................................. 10
ASCII Message Header Structure............................................................................................... 12
Receiver Status........................................................................................................................... 13
Binary Message Header Structure.............................................................................................. 15
Detailed Port Identifier ................................................................................................................ 16
Short ASCII Message Header Structure ..................................................................................... 19
Short Binary Message Header Structure .................................................................................... 19
Binary Message Response Structure ......................................................................................... 21
Binary Message Sequence ......................................................................................................... 22
GPS Reference Time Status ....................................................................................................... 23
Response Messages................................................................................................................... 27
SPAN Commands for OEM6 - Alphabetical ............................................................................... 30
SPAN Commands for OEM6 - by Message ID ........................................................................... 32
IMU Type .................................................................................................................................... 38
Serial Port Interface Modes ........................................................................................................ 55
COM Serial Port Identifiers ......................................................................................................... 56
NMEA Talkers ............................................................................................................................. 60
Full Mapping Definitions ............................................................................................................. 68
SPAN Logs for OEM6 - Alphabetical .......................................................................................... 92
SPAN Logs for OEM6 - by Message ID...................................................................................... 95
Solution Status............................................................................................................................ 99
Position or Velocity Type ............................................................................................................ 100
Signal-Used Mask....................................................................................................................... 101
Extended Solution Status ........................................................................................................... 102
Datum Transformation Parameters............................................................................................. 102
Lever Arm Type........................................................................................................................... 119
Lever Arm Source ....................................................................................................................... 119
Inertial Solution Status................................................................................................................ 121
Position or Velocity Type ............................................................................................................ 124
Extended Solution Status ........................................................................................................... 124
Heading Update Values .............................................................................................................. 137
iIMU-FSAS IMU Status ............................................................................................................... 152
Litef LCI-1 IMU Status ................................................................................................................ 153
Mode Indication .......................................................................................................................... 153
HG1700 IMU Status.................................................................................................................... 154
LN200 IMU Status ...................................................................................................................... 155
IMU-CPT, SPAN-CPT and IMU-KVH1750 IMU Status............................................................... 156
HG1900 and HG1930 IMU Status .............................................................................................. 157
ADIS16488, IMU-IGM-A1 and SPAN-IGM-A1 IMU Status......................................................... 158
STIM300, IMU-IGM-S1, SPAN-IGM-S1 IMU Status .................................................................. 159
Raw IMU Scale Factors .............................................................................................................. 161
Logs used with Variable Lever Arm ............................................................................................ 183
Commands used with Variable Lever Arm ................................................................................. 184
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
7
Customer Support
NovAtel Knowledge Base
If a technical issue is encountered, browse to the NovAtel Web site at www.novatel.com/support/contact. Use
this page to search for general information about GNSS and other technologies, information about NovAtel
hardware and software and installation and operation issues.
Before Contacting Customer Support
Before contacting NovAtel Customer Support about a software problem perform the following steps:
1. Log the following data to a file on your computer for 15 minutes.
RXSTATUSB once
RAWEPHEMB onchanged
RANGECMPB ontime 1
BESTPOSB ontime 1
RXCONFIGA once
VERSIONB once
RAWIMUSXB onnew
INSPVASB ontime 1
INSCOVSB ontime 1
INSUPDATEB onchanged
IMUTOANTOFFSETSB onchanged
VEHICLEBODYROTATION once
2. Send the file containing the log to NovAtel Customer Support, using either the NovAtel FTP site at
ftp://ftp.novatel.ca/ or through the support@novatel.com e-mail address.
3. A FRESET command can also be issued to the receiver to clear any unknown settings.

The FRESET command will erase all user settings. You should know your configuration and
be able to reconfigure the receiver before you send the FRESET command.
If a hardware problem is encountered, send a list of the troubleshooting steps taken and results.
Contact Information
Use one of the following methods to contact NovAtel Customer Support:
Call the NovAtel Hotline at 1-800-NOVATEL (U.S. & Canada)
or +1-403-295-4500 (international)
Fax: +1-403-295-4501
E-mail: support@novatel.com
Web site: www.novatel.com
8
Write:
NovAtel Inc.
Customer Support Department
1120 - 68 Avenue NE
Calgary, AB
Canada, T2E 8S5
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Chapter 1
Introduction
NovAtel's SPAN technology brings together two different but complementary positioning and navigation
systems: Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Inertial Navigation System (INS). By combining the
best aspects of GNSS and INS into one system, SPAN technology offers a solution that is more accurate and
reliable than either GNSS or INS alone. The combined GNSS/INS solution has the advantage of the absolute
accuracy available from GNSS and the continuity of INS through traditionally difficult GNSS conditions.
1.1
About this manual
The SPAN receiver utilizes a comprehensive user-interface command structure, which requires
communication through its communications ports.This manual describes the SPAN commands and logs the
OEM6 family of receivers are capable of accepting or generating. Sufficient detail is provided to understand
the purpose, syntax and structure of each command or log.
1.2
Related Documents and Information
This manual describes the SPAN specific commands and logs. For descriptions of the other commands and
logs available with OEM6 family products, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual
(OM-20000129) available on the NovAtel website (www.novatel.com/support/manuals/).
For information about the installation and operation of the SPAN system, refer to the relevant SPAN User
Manual available on the NovAtel website (www.novatel.com/support/manuals/).
•
SPAN on OEM6 User Manual (OM-20000139)
•
SPAN-CPT User Manual (OM-20000122) (Rev 7 or greater)
•
SPAN-IGM User Manual (OM-20000141)
SPAN system output is compatible with post-processing software from NovAtel's Waypoint® Products Group.
Visit our web site at www.novatel.com/products/software/ for details.
1.3
Conventions
The following conventions are used in this manual:

Information that supplements or clarifies text.

A caution that actions, operation or configuration may lead to incorrect or improper use of the
hardware.

A warning that actions, operation or configuration may result in regulatory noncompliance,
safety issues or equipment damage.
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
9
Chapter 2
2.1
Messages
Message Types
The receiver handles incoming and outgoing NovAtel data in three different message formats: Abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII and binary. This allows for a great deal of versatility in the way the OEM6 family of receivers
can be used. All NovAtel commands and logs can be entered, transmitted, output or received in any of the
three formats. The receiver also supports RTCA, RTCMV3, RTCM, CMR, CMRPLUS and NMEA format
messaging.
When entering an ASCII or abbreviated ASCII command to request an output log, the message type is
indicated by the character appended to the end of the message name. ‘A’ indicates the message is ASCII
and ‘B’ indicates binary. No character means the message is Abbreviated ASCII. When issuing binary
commands, the output message type is dependent on the bit format in the message’s binary header (refer to
Binary on page 14).
Table 1, Field Types describes the field types used in the description of messages.
Table 1: Field Types
Type
10
Binary
Size
(bytes)
Description
Char
1
The char type is an 8-bit integer in the range -128 to +127. This integer value may be
the ASCII code corresponding to the specified character. In ASCII or Abbreviated
ASCII this comes out as an actual character
UChar
1
The uchar type is an 8-bit unsigned integer. Values are in the range from +0 to +255.
In ASCII or Abbreviated ASCII this comes out as a number
Short
2
The short type is 16-bit integer in the range -32768 to +32767
UShort
2
The same as short except it is not signed. Values are in the range from +0 to +65535
Long
4
The long type is 32-bit integer in the range -2147483648 to +2147483647
ULong
4
The same as long except it is not signed. Values are in the range from +0 to
+4294967295
Double
8
The double type contains 64-bits: 1 for sign, 11 for the exponent and 52 for the
mantissa. Its range is ±1.7E308 with at least 15 digits of precision. This is IEEE 754
Float
4
The float type contains 32-bits: 1 for the sign, 8 for the exponent and 23 for the
mantissa. Its range is ±3.4E38 with at least 7 digits of precision. This is IEEE 754
Enum
4
A 4-byte enumerated type beginning at zero (an unsigned long). In binary, the
enumerated value is output. In ASCII or Abbreviated ASCII, the enumeration label is
spelled out
GPSec
4
This type has two separate formats dependent on whether you requested a binary or
an ASCII format output. For binary, the output is in milliseconds and is a long type. For
ASCII, the output is in seconds and is a float type
Hex
n
Hex is a packed, fixed length (n) array of bytes in binary but in ASCII or Abbreviated
ASCII is converted into 2 character hexadecimal pairs
String
n
String is a variable length array of bytes that is null-terminated in the binary case and
additional bytes of padding are added to maintain 4-byte alignment. The maximum
byte length for each String field is shown in the row in the log or command tables
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Messages
Chapter 2
Figure 1: Byte Arrangements

2.1.1
Figure 1, Byte Arrangements shows the arrangement of bytes, within each field type, when
used by PC computers. All data sent to or from the OEM6 family of receivers, however, is read
least significant bit (LSB) first, opposite to what is shown in Figure 1, Byte Arrangements. Data
is then stored in the receiver LSB first. For example, in char type data, the LSB is bit 0 and the
most significant bit (MSB) is bit 7.
ASCII
ASCII messages are readable by both the user and a computer. The structures of all ASCII messages follow
the general conventions as noted here:
1. The lead code identifier for each record is '#'.
2. Each log or command is of variable length depending on amount of data and formats.
3. All data fields are delimited by a comma ',' with two exceptions:
•
The first exception is the last header field which is followed by a ‘;’ to denote the start of the data
message.
•
The second exception is the last data field, which is followed by a * to indicate end of message data.
4. Each log ends with a hexadecimal number preceded by an asterisk and followed by a line termination
using the carriage return and line feed characters.
For example:
*1234ABCD[CR][LF]. This value is a 32-bit CRC of all bytes in the log, excluding the '#' identifier and the
asterisk preceding the four checksum digits.
See 32-Bit CRC on page 25 for the algorithm used to generate the CRC.
5. An ASCII string is one field and is surrounded by double quotation marks.
For example:
“ASCII string”. If separators are surrounded by quotation marks then the string is still one field and the
separator will be ignored (example, “xxx,xxx” is one field). Double quotation marks within a string are not
allowed.
6. If the receiver detects an error parsing an input message, it returns an error response message. See
Chapter 3, Responses on page 27 for a list of response messages from the receiver.
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
11
Chapter 2
Messages
Message Structure:
header;
data field...,
data field...,
data field...
*xxxxxxxx
[CR][LF]
The ASCII message header structure is described in Table 2, ASCII Message Header Structure.
Table 2: ASCII Message Header Structure
Field
Field Name
Field
Type
Description
Ignored
on Input
1
Sync
Char
Sync character. The ASCII message is always preceded by a
single ‘#’ symbol
N
2
Message
Char
The ASCII name of the log or command
N
3
Port
Char
The name of the port from which the log was generated. The
string is made up of the port name followed by an _x where x
is a number from 1 to 31 denoting the virtual address of the
port. If no virtual address is indicated, it is assumed to be
address 0
Y
4
Sequence #
Long
Used for multiple related logs. It is a number that counts down
from N-1 to 0, where 0 means it is the last one of the set. Most
logs only come out one at a time in which case this number is 0
N
5
% Idle Time
Float
The minimum percentage of time the processor is idle,
between successive logs, with the same Message ID
Y
6
Time Status
Enum
The value indicates the quality of the GPS reference time (see
Table 10, GPS Reference Time Status on page 23)
Y
7
Week
Ulong
GPS reference week number
Y
8
Seconds
GPSec
Seconds from the beginning of the GPS reference week;
accurate to the millisecond level
Y
9
Receiver
Status
Ulong
An eight digit hexadecimal number representing the status of
various hardware and software components of the receiver,
between successive logs, with the same Message ID (see
Table 3, Receiver Status on page 13)
Y
10
Reserved
Ulong
Reserved for internal use.
Y
11
Receiver
S/W Version
Ulong
A value (0 - 65535) representing the receiver software build
number
Y
12
;
Char
The character indicates the end of the header
N
Example Log:
#RAWEPHEMA,COM1,0,35.0,SATTIME,1364,496230.000,00100000,97b7,2310;
30,1364,496800,8b0550a1892755100275e6a09382232523a9dc04ee6f794a0000090394ee,8b05
50a189aa6ff925386228f97eabf9c8047e34a70ec5a10e486e794a7a,8b0550a18a2effc2f80061c
2fffc267cd09f1d5034d3537affa28b6ff0eb*7a22f279
12
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Messages
Chapter 2
Table 3: Receiver Status
Nibble #
N0
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
Bit #
Mask
Description
Bit = 0
Bit = 1
0
0x00000001
Error flag
No error
Error
1
0x00000002
Temperature status
Within specifications
Warning
2
0x00000004
Voltage supply status
OK
Warning
3
0x00000008
Antenna power status
Powered
Not powered
4
0x00000010
LNA Failure
5
0x00000020
Antenna open flag a
OK
Open
6
0x00000040
Antenna shorted flag a
OK
Shorted
7
0x00000080
CPU overload flag a
No overload
Overload
8
0x00000100
COM1 buffer overrun flag
No overrun
Overrun
9
0x00000200
COM2 buffer overrun flag
No overrun
Overrun
10
0x00000400
COM3 buffer overrun flag
No overrun
Overrun
11
0x00000800
Link overrun flag
No overrun
Overrun
12
0x00001000
Reserved
13
0x00002000
Aux transmit overrun flag
No overrun
Overrun
14
0x00004000
AGC out of range
15
0x00008000
Reserved
16
0x00010000
INS Reset
No Reset
INS filter has
reset
17
0x00020000
Reserved
18
0x00040000
Almanac flag/UTC known
Valid
Invalid
19
0x00080000
Position solution flag
Valid
Invalid
20
0x00100000
Position fixed flag
Not fixed
Fixed
21
0x00200000
Clock steering status
Enabled
Disabled
22
0x00400000
Clock model flag
Valid
Invalid
23
0x00800000
External oscillator locked flag
Unlocked
Locked
24
0x01000000
Software resource
OK
Warning
25
0x02000000
Reserved
26
0x04000000
27
0x08000000
28
0x10000000
29
0x20000000
Auxiliary 3 status event flag
No event
Event
30
0x40000000
Auxiliary 2 status event flag
No event
Event
31
0x80000000
Auxiliary 1 status event flag
No event
Event
a. This flag is only available on certain products.
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
13
Chapter 2
2.1.2
Messages
Abbreviated ASCII
This message format is designed to make entering and viewing commands and logs simple. The data is
represented as simple ASCII characters, separated by spaces or commas and arranged in an easy to
understand format. There is also no 32-bit CRC for error detection because it is meant for viewing by the
user.
Example Command:
log com1 loglist
Resultant Log:
<LOGLIST COM1 0 69.0 FINE 0 0.000 00240000 206d 0
<
4
<
COM1 RXSTATUSEVENTA ONNEW 0.000000 0.000000 NOHOLD
<
COM2 RXSTATUSEVENTA ONNEW 0.000000 0.000000 NOHOLD
<
COM3 RXSTATUSEVENTA ONNEW 0.000000 0.000000 NOHOLD
<
COM1 LOGLIST ONCE 0.000000 0.000000 NOHOLD
The array of 4 logs are offset from the left hand side and start with ‘<’.
2.1.3
Binary
Binary messages are strictly machine readable format. They are ideal for applications where the amount of
data transmitted is fairly high. Due to the inherent compactness of binary as opposed to ASCII data,
messages are much smaller. The smaller message size allows a larger amount of data to be transmitted and
received by the receiver’s communication ports. The structure of all binary messages follows the general
conventions as noted here:
1. Basic format of:
Header
3 Sync bytes plus 25-bytes of header information. The header length is variable as fields may
be appended in the future. Always check the header length.
Data
variable
CRC
4 bytes
2. The 3 Sync bytes will always be:
Byte
Hex
Decimal
First
AA
170
Second
44
68
Third
12
18
3. The CRC is a 32-bit CRC (see 32-Bit CRC on page 25 for the CRC algorithm) performed on all data
including the header.
4. The header is in the format shown in Table 4, Binary Message Header Structure on page 15.
14
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Messages
Chapter 2
Table 4: Binary Message Header Structure
Field Field Name
Field
Type
Description
Binary Binary Ignored
Bytes Offset on Input
1
Sync
Char
Hexadecimal 0xAA
1
0
N
2
Sync
Char
Hexadecimal 0x44
1
1
N
3
Sync
Char
Hexadecimal 0x12
1
2
N
4
Header
Length
Uchar
Length of the header
1
3
N
5
Message ID
Ushort
This is the Message ID number of the log
2
4
N
6
Message
Type
Char
Bits 0-4 = Reserved
1
6
N
Bits 5-6 = Format
00 = Binary
01 = ASCII
10 = Abbreviated ASCII, NMEA
11 = Reserved
Bit 7 = Response bit
(see Responses on page 20)
0 = Original Message
1 = Response Message
7
Port
Address
Uchar
See Table 5, Detailed Port Identifier on
page 16 (decimal values >=32 may be used)
(lower 8-bits only) a
1
7
Nb
8
Message
Length
Ushort
The length in bytes of the body of the
message, not including the header nor the
CRC
2
8
N
9
Sequence
Ushort
Used for multiple related logs. It is a number
that counts down from N-1 to 0 where N is the
number of related logs and 0 means it is the
last one of the set. Most logs only come out
one at a time in which case this number is 0
2
10
N
10
Idle Time
Uchar
Time the processor is idle, in the last second
between successive logs, with the same
Message ID. Take the time (0 - 200) and divide
by two to give the percentage of time (0 100%)
1
12
Y
11
Time Status
Enum
Indicates the quality of the GPS reference time
(see Table 10, GPS Reference Time Status on
page 23).
1c
13
Nd
12
Week
Ushort
GPS reference week number
2
14
Nd
13
ms
GPSec
Milliseconds from the beginning of the GPS
reference week
4
16
Nd
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15
Chapter 2
Messages
Table 4: Binary Message Header Structure
Field
Type
Field Field Name
Binary Binary Ignored
Bytes Offset on Input
Description
14
Receiver
Status
Ulong
32-bits representing the status of various
hardware and software components of the
receiver, between successive logs, with the
same Message ID (see Table 3, Receiver
Status on page 13)
4
20
Y
15
Reserved
Ushort
Reserved for internal use
2
24
Y
16
Receiver
Ushort
S/W Version
A value (0 - 65535) representing the receiver
software build number
2
26
Y
a. The 8-bit size means you will only see 0xA0 to 0xBF when the top bits are dropped from a port value greater than
8-bits. For example, ASCII port USB1 will be seen as 0xA0 in the binary output.
b. Recommended value is THISPORT (binary 192).
c. This ENUM is not 4-bytes long but, as indicated in the table, is only 1-byte.
d. These time fields are ignored if Field #11, Time Status, is invalid. In this case, the current receiver time is used.
The recommended values for the three time fields are 0, 0, 0.
Table 5: Detailed Port Identifier
ASCII Port
Name
16
Hex Port
Value
Decimal Port
Value a
Description
NO_PORTS
0
0
No ports specified
COM1_ALL
1
1
All virtual ports for COM1
COM2_ALL
2
2
All virtual ports for COM2
COM3_ALL
3
3
All virtual ports for COM3
THISPORT_ALL
6
6
All virtual ports for the current port
ALL_PORTS
8
8
All virtual ports for all ports
XCOM1_ALL
9
9
All virtual ports for XCOM1
XCOM2_ALL
10
10
All virtual ports for XCOM2
USB1_ALL
d
13
All virtual ports for USB1
USB2_ALL
e
14
All virtual ports for USB2
USB3_ALL
f
15
All virtual ports for USB3
AUX_ALL
10
16
All virtual ports for the AUXb
XCOM3_ALL
11
17
All virtual XCOM3
ICOM1_ALL
17
23
All virtual ports for ICOM1
ICOM2_ALL
18
24
All virtual ports for ICOM2
ICOM3_ALL
19
25
All virtual ports for ICOM3
NCOM1_ALL
1a
26
All virtual ports for NCOM1
NCOM2_ALL
1b
27
All virtual ports for NCOM2
NCOM3_ALL
1c
28
All virtual ports for NCOM3
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Messages
Chapter 2
Table 5: Detailed Port Identifier (continued)
ASCII Port
Name
Hex Port
Value
Decimal Port
Value a
Description
COM1
20
32
COM1, virtual port 0
COM1_1
21
33
COM1, virtual port 1
COM1_31
3f
63
COM1, virtual port 31
COM2
40
64
COM2, virtual port 0
COM2_31
5f
95
COM2, virtual port 31
COM3
60
96
COM3, virtual port 0
COM3_31
7f
127
COM3, virtual port 31
SPECIAL
a0
160
Unknown port, virtual port 0
SPECIAL_31
bf
191
Unknown port, virtual port 31
THISPORT
c0
192
Current COM port, virtual port 0
THISPORT_31
df
223
Current COM port, virtual port 31
XCOM1
1a0
416
XCOM1, virtual port 0
XCOM1_1
1a1
417
XCOM1, virtual port 1
XCOM1_31
1bf
447
XCOM1, virtual port 31
XCOM2
2a0
672
XCOM2, virtual port 0
XCOM2_1
2a1
673
XCOM2, virtual port 1
XCOM2_31
2bf
703
XCOM2, virtual port 31
USB1
5a0
1440
USB1, virtual port 0
USB1_1
5a1
1441
USB1, virtual port 1
USB1_31
5bf
1471
USB1, virtual port 31
USB2
6a0
1696
USB2, virtual port 0
USB2_31
6bf
1727
USB2, virtual port 31
USB3
7a0
1952
USB3, virtual port 0
7bf
1983
USB port 3, virtual port 31
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
USB3_31
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Chapter 2
Messages
Table 5: Detailed Port Identifier (continued)
ASCII Port
Name
AUXc
Hex Port
Value
Decimal Port
Value a
Description
8a0c
2208c
AUX port, virtual port 0 b
AUX_31c
8bfc
2239c
AUX port, virtual port 31 b
XCOM3
9a0
2464
XCOM3, virtual port 0
XCOM3_31
9bf
2495
XCOM3, virtual port 31
ICOM1
fa0
4000
ICOM1, virtual port 0
ICOM1_31
fbf
4031
ICOM1, virtual port 31
ICOM2
10a0
4256
ICOM2, virtual port 0
ICOM2_31
10bf
4287
ICOM2, virtual port 31
ICOM3
11a0
4512
ICOM3, virtual port 0
ICOM3_31
11bf
4543
ICOM3, virtual port 31
NCOM1
12a0
4768
NCOM1, virtual port 0
NCOM1_31
12bf
4799
NCOM1, virtual port 31
NCOM2
13a0
5024
NCOM2, virtual port 0
NCOM2_31
13bf
5055
NCOM2, virtual port 31
NCOM3
14a0
5280
NCOM3, virtual port 0
14bf
5311
NCOM3, virtual port 31
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
NCOM3_31
a. Decimal port values 0 through 16 are only available to the UNLOGALL command and cannot
be used in the UNLOG command or in the binary message header (see Table 4, Binary
Message Header Structure on page 15).
b. The AUX port is only available on specific products.

18
COM1_ALL, COM2_ALL, COM3_ALL, THISPORT_ALL, ALL_PORTS, USB1_ALL,
USB2_ALL, USB3_ALL, AUX_ALL, ICOM1_ALL, ICOM2_ALL, ICOM3_ALL, NCOM1_ALL,
NCOM2_ALL, XCOM1_ALL, XCOM2_ALL, XCOM3_ALL and NCOM3_ALL are only valid for
the UNLOGALL command.
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Messages
2.1.4
Chapter 2
Description of ASCII and Binary Logs with Short Headers
These logs are set up in the same way as normal ASCII or binary logs except a normal ASCII or binary
header is replaced with a short header (see Table 6, Short ASCII Message Header Structure on page 19 and
Table 7, Short Binary Message Header Structure on page 19).
Table 6: Short ASCII Message Header Structure
Field #
Field
Type
Field Type
Description
1
%
Char
% symbol
2
Message
Char
This is the name of the log
3
Week Number
Ushort
GNSS week number
4
Milliseconds
Ulong
Milliseconds from the beginning of the GNSS week
Table 7: Short Binary Message Header Structure
Field
Field Type
Field
Type
Description
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Synch
Char
Hex 0xAA
1
0
2
Synch
Char
Hex 0x44
1
1
3
Synch
Char
Hex 0x13
1
2
4
Message Length
Uchar
Message length, not including header or CRC
1
3
5
Message ID
Ushort
Message ID number
2
4
6
Week Number
Ushort
GNSS week number
2
6
7
Milliseconds
Ulong
Milliseconds from the beginning of the GNSS
week
4
8
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Chapter 2
2.2
Messages
Responses
By default, if you input a message you get back a response. If desired, the INTERFACEMODE command can
be used to disable response messages (see INTERFACEMODE on page 54). The response will be in the
exact format you entered the message (that is, binary input = binary response).
2.2.1
Abbreviated Response
Just the leading '<' followed by the response string, for example: <OK.
2.2.2
ASCII Response
Full header with the message name being identical except ending in an 'R' (for response). The body of the
message consists of a 40 character string for the response string.
For example:
#BESTPOSR,COM1,0,67.0,FINE,1028,422060.400,00000000,a31b,0;"OK" *b867caad
2.2.3
Binary Response
Similar to an ASCII response except that it follows the binary protocols, see Table 8, Binary Message
Response Structure on page 21.
Table 9, Binary Message Sequence on page 22 is an example of the sequence for requesting and then
receiving BESTPOSB. The example is in hex format. When you enter a hex command, you may need to add
a ‘\x’ or ‘0x’ before each hex pair, depending on your code.
For example:
0xAA0x440x120x1C0x010x000x02 (and so on).
20
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Messages
Chapter 2
Table 8: Binary Message Response Structure
Field
Field Name
Field
Type
Description
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
BINARY HEADER
1
Sync
Char
Hexadecimal 0xAA
1
0
2
Sync
Char
Hexadecimal 0x44
1
1
3
Sync
Char
Hexadecimal 0x12
1
2
4
Header Lgth
Uchar
Length of the header
1
3
5
Message ID
Ushort
Message ID number
2
4
6
Message
Type
Char
Bit 7 = Response Bit
1
6
7
Port Address
Uchar
See Table 5, Detailed Port Identifier on page 16
1
7
8
Message
Length
Ushort
The length in bytes of the body of the message
(not the CRC)
2
8
9
Sequence
Ushort
Normally 0
2
10
10
Idle Time
Uchar
Idle time
1
12
11
Time Status
Enum
Table 10, GPS Reference Time Status on page 23 1 a
13
12
Week
Ushort
GPS reference week number
2
14
13
ms
GPSec Milliseconds into GPS reference week
4
16
14
Receiver
Status
Ulong
Table 3, Receiver Status on page 13
4
20
15
Reserved
Ushort
Reserved for internal use
2
24
16
Receiver
S/W Version
Ushort
Receiver software build number
2
26
17
Response ID
Enum
The output format of the messages is dependent
on the format of the input command. If the
command is input as abbreviated ASCII, the
output will be abbreviated ASCII. The same rule
applies for both ASCII and binary formats
(Table 11, Response Messages on page 27)
4
28
18
Response
Hex
String containing the ASCII response in hex
coding to match the ID above (for example,
0x4F4B = OK)
variable
32
1 = Response Message
ID
HEX
a. This ENUM is not 4-bytes long but as indicated in the table is only 1 byte.
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Chapter 2
Messages
Table 9: Binary Message Sequence
Direction
To
Receiver
From
Receiver
From
Receiver
2.3
Sequence
Data
LOG Command AA44121C 01000240 20000000 1D1D0000 29160000 00004C00 55525A80
Header
LOG
Parameters
20000000 2A000000 02000000 00000000 0000F03F 00000000 00000000
00000000
Checksum
2304B3F1
LOG Response
Header
AA44121C 01008220 06000000 FFB4EE04 605A0513 00004C00 FFFF5A80
Log Response
Data
01000000 4F4B
Checksum
DA8688EC
BESTPOSB
Header
AA44121C 2A000220 48000000 90B49305 B0ABB912 00000000 4561BC0A
BESTPOSB
Data
00000000 10000000 1B0450B3 F28E4940 16FA6BBE 7C825CC0 0060769F
449F9040 A62A82C1 3D000000 125ACB3F CD9E983F DB664040
00303030 00000000 00000000 0B0B0000 00060003
Checksum
42DC4C48
GLONASS Slot and Frequency Numbers
When a PRN in a log is in the range 38 to 61, then that PRN represents a GLONASS Slot where the Slot
shown is the actual GLONASS Slot Number plus 37.
Similarly, the GLONASS Frequency shown in logs is the actual GLONASS Frequency plus 7.
For example:
#SATVISA,COM1,0,53.5,FINESTEERING,1363,234894.000,00000000,0947,2277;
TRUE,TRUE,46,
2,0,0,73.3,159.8,934.926,934.770,
...
43,8,0,-0.4,163.7,4528.085,4527.929,
...
3,0,0,-79.9,264.3,716.934,716.778*b94813d3
where 2 and 3 are GPS satellites and 43 is a GLONASS satellite. It’s actual GLONASS Slot Number is 6. The
SATVIS log shows 43 (6+37). It’s actual GLONASS frequency is 1. The SATVIS log shows 8 (1+7).
Refer to An Introduction to GNSS, available on our website at www.novatel.com/an-introduction-to-gnss/ for
more information.
22
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Messages
2.4
Chapter 2
GPS Reference Time Status
All reported receiver times are subject to a qualifying time status. The status indicates how well a time is
known (see Table 10, GPS Reference Time Status on page 23).
Table 10: GPS Reference Time Status
GPS Reference
Time Status
(Decimal)
GPS Reference Time Statusa
(ASCII)
20
UNKNOWN
Time validity is unknown
60
APPROXIMATE
Time is set approximately
80
COARSEADJUSTING
Time is approaching coarse precision
100
COARSE
This time is valid to coarse precision
120
COARSESTEERING
Time is coarse set and is being steered
130
FREEWHEELING
Position is lost and the range bias cannot be calculated
140
FINEADJUSTING
Time is adjusting to fine precision
160
FINE
Time has fine precision
170
FINEBACKUPSTEERING
Time is fine set and is being steered by the backup
system
180
FINESTEERING
Time is fine set and is being steered
200
SATTIME
Time from satellite. Only used in logs containing
satellite data such as ephemeris and almanac
Description
a. See also Message Time Stamps on page 24.
There are several distinct states the receiver goes through when CLOCKADJUST is enabled:
•
UNKNOWN (initial state)
•
COARSESTEERING (initial coarse time set)
•
FINESTEERING (normal operating state)
•
FINEBACKUPSTEERING (when the backup system is used for time)
•
FREEWHEELING (when range bias becomes unknown)
and when the CLOCKADJUST is disabled:
•
UNKNOWN (initial state)
•
COARSE (initial coarse time set)
•
FINE (normal operating state)
On start up and before any satellites are being tracked, the receiver can not possibly know the current time.
As such, the receiver time starts counting at GPS reference week 0 and second 0.0. The time status flag is
set to UNKNOWN.
If time is input to the receiver using the SETAPPROXTIME command or on receipt of an RTCAEPHEM
message the time status will be APPROXIMATE.
After the first ephemeris is decoded, the receiver time is set to a resolution of 10 milliseconds. This state is
qualified by the COARSE or COARSESTEERING time status flag depending on the state of the
CLOCKADJUST switch.
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Chapter 2
Messages
Once a position is known and range biases are being calculated, the internal clock model will begin modeling
the position range biases and the receiver clock offset.
Modelling will continue until the model is a good estimation of the actual receiver clock behavior. At this time,
the receiver time will again be adjusted, this time to an accuracy of 1 microsecond. This state is qualified by
the FINE time status flag.
The final logical time status flag depends on whether CLOCKADJUST is enabled or not. If CLOCKADJUST is
disabled, the time status flag will never improve on FINE. The time will only be adjusted again to within 1
microsecond if the range bias gets larger than 250 milliseconds. If CLOCKADJUST is enabled, the time
status flag is set to FINESTEERING and the receiver time is continuously updated (steered) to minimize the
receiver range bias.
When the backup system is used, the time status is set to FINEBACKUPSTEERING. If, for some reason, the
position is lost and the range bias cannot be calculated, the time status is degraded to FREEWHEELING.
2.5
Message Time Stamps
All NovAtel format messages generated by the OEM6 family of receivers have a GPS reference time stamp
in their header. GPS reference time is referenced to UTC with zero point defined as midnight on the night of
January 5, 1980. The time stamp consists of the number of weeks since that zero point and the number of
seconds since the last week number change (0 to 604,799). GPS reference time differs from UTC time since
leap seconds are occasionally inserted into UTC and GPS reference time is continuous. In addition, a small
error (less than 1 microsecond) can exist in synchronization between UTC and GPS reference time. The
TIME log reports both GNSS and UTC time and the offset between the two.
The data in synchronous logs (for example, RANGE, BESTPOS, TIME) are based on a periodic
measurement of satellite pseudoranges. The time stamp on these logs is the receiver estimate of GPS
reference time at the time of the measurement. When setting time in external equipment, a small
synchronous log with a high baud rate will be accurate to a fraction of a second. A synchronous log with
trigger ONTIME 1 can be used in conjunction with the 1PPS signal to provide relative accuracy better than
250 ns.
Other log types (asynchronous and polled) are triggered by an external event and the time in the header may
not be synchronized to the current GPS reference time. Logs that contain satellite broadcast data (for
example, ALMANAC, GPSEPHEM) have the transmit time of their last subframe in the header. In the header
of differential time matched logs (for example, MATCHEDPOS) is the time of the matched reference and local
observation that they are based on. Logs triggered by a mark event (for example, MARKEDPOS,
MARKTIME) have the estimated GPS reference time of the mark event in their header. In the header of
polled logs (for example, LOGLIST, PORTSTATS, VERSION) is the approximate GPS reference time when
their data was generated. However, when asynchronous logs are triggered ONTIME, the time stamp will
represent the time the log was generated and not the time given in the data.
2.6
Decoding of the GPS Reference Week Number
The GPS reference week number provided in the raw satellite data is the 10 least significant bits (or 8 least
significant bits in the case of the almanac data) of the full week number. When the receiver processes the
satellite data, the week number is decoded in the context of the current era and therefore is computed as the
full week number starting from week 0 or January 6, 1980. Therefore, in all log headers and decoded week
number fields, the full week number is given. Only in raw data, such as the data field of the RAWALM log or
the subframe field of the RAWEPHEM log, will the week number remain as the 10 (or 8) least significant bits.
24
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Messages
2.7
Chapter 2
32-Bit CRC
The ASCII and Binary OEM6 family message formats all contain a 32-bit CRC for data verification. This
allows the user to ensure the data received (or transmitted) is valid with a high level of certainty. This CRC
can be generated using the following C algorithm:
#define CRC32_POLYNOMIAL
0xEDB88320L
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------------Calculate a CRC value to be used by CRC calculation functions.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
unsigned long CRC32Value(int i)
{
int j;
unsigned long ulCRC;
ulCRC = i;
for ( j = 8 ; j > 0; j-- )
{
if ( ulCRC & 1 )
ulCRC = ( ulCRC >> 1 ) ^ CRC32_POLYNOMIAL;
else
ulCRC >>= 1;
}
return ulCRC;
}
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------------Calculates the CRC-32 of a block of data all at once
-------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
unsigned long CalculateBlockCRC32(
unsigned long ulCount,
/* Number of bytes in the data block */
unsigned char *ucBuffer ) /* Data block */
{
unsigned long ulTemp1;
unsigned long ulTemp2;
unsigned long ulCRC = 0;
while ( ulCount-- != 0 )
{
ulTemp1 = ( ulCRC >> 8 ) & 0x00FFFFFFL;
ulTemp2 = CRC32Value( ((int) ulCRC ^ *ucBuffer++ ) & 0xff );
ulCRC = ulTemp1 ^ ulTemp2;
}
return( ulCRC );
}

The NMEA checksum is an XOR of all the bytes (including delimiters such as ',' but excluding
the * and $) in the message output. It is therefore an 8-bit and not a 32-bit checksum.
Not all logs may be available. Every effort is made to ensure examples are correct, however, a checksum
may be created for promptness in publication. In this case it will appear as ‘9999’.
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Chapter 2
Messages
Example:
BESTPOSA and BESTPOSB from an OEM6 family receiver.
ASCII:
#BESTPOSA,COM1,0,78.0,FINESTEERING,1427,325298.000,00000000,6145,2748;
SOL_COMPUTED,SINGLE,51.11678928753,-114.03886216575,1064.3470,-16.2708,
WGS84,2.3434,1.3043,4.7300,"",0.000,0.000,7,7,0,0,0,06,0,03*9c9a92bb
BINARY:
0xAA,
0x93,
0x00,
0x49,
0x44,
0xCB,
0x00,
0x00,
0x42,
0x44, 0x12, 0x1C 0x2A, 0x00, 0x02, 0x20, 0x48, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x90, 0xB4,
0x05, 0xB0, 0xAB, 0xB9, 0x12, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x45, 0x61, 0xBC, 0x0A,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x1B, 0x04, 0x50, 0xB3, 0xF2, 0x8E,
0x40, 0x16, 0xFA, 0x6B, 0xBE, 0x7C, 0x82, 0x5C, 0xC0, 0x00, 0x60, 0x76, 0x9F,
0x9F, 0x90, 0x40, 0xA6, 0x2A, 0x82, 0xC1, 0x3D, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x12, 0x5A,
0x3F, 0xCD, 0x9E, 0x98, 0x3F, 0xDB, 0x66, 0x40, 0x40, 0x00, 0x30, 0x30, 0x30,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0B, 0x0B, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06,
0x03,
0xdc, 0x4c, 0x48
Below is a demonstration of how to generate the CRC from both ASCII and BINARY messages using the
function described above.

When you pass the data into the code that follows, exclude the checksum shown in bold italics
above.
ASCII:
#include <iostream.h>
#include <string.h>
void main()
{
char_*i_=_”BESTPOSA,COM2,0,77.5,FINESTEERING,1285,160578.000,00000020,5941,1164;
SOL_COMPUTED,SINGLE,51.11640941570,-114.03830951024,1062.6963,-16.2712,
WGS84,1.6890,1.2564,2.7826,\"\",0.000,0.000,10,10,0,0,0,0,0,0";
unsigned long iLen = strlen(i);
unsigned long CRC = CalculateBlockCRC32(iLen, (unsigned char*)i);
cout << hex << CRC <<endl;
}
BINARY:
#include <iostream.h>
#include <string.h>
int main()
{
unsigned char buffer[] = {0xAA, 0x44, 0x12, 0x1C, 0x2A, 0x00, 0x02, 0x20, 0x48,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x90, 0xB4, 0x93, 0x05, 0xB0, 0xAB, 0xB9, 0x12, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x45, 0x61, 0xBC, 0x0A, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x1B,
0x04, 0x50, 0xB3, 0xF2, 0x8E, 0x49, 0x40, 0x16, 0xFA, 0x6B, 0xBE, 0x7C, 0x82, 0x5C,
0xC0, 0x00, 0x60, 0x76, 0x9F, 0x44, 0x9F, 0x90, 0x40, 0xA6, 0x2A, 0x82, 0xC1, 0x3D,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x12, 0x5A, 0xCB, 0x3F, 0xCD, 0x9E, 0x98, 0x3F, 0xDB, 0x66, 0x40,
0x40, 0x00, 0x30, 0x30, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0B,
0x0B, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x00, 0x03};
unsigned long crc = CalculateBlockCRC32(sizeof(buffer)buffer);
cout << hex << crc <<endl;
//Please note that this hex needs to be reversed due to Big Endian order where the
most significant value in the sequence is stored first (at the lowest storage
address). For example, the two bytes required for the hex number 4F52 is stored as
524F.
}
26
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Chapter 3
Responses
The receiver is capable of outputting several responses for various conditions. Most responses are error
messages to indicate when something is not correct.
The output format of the messages is dependent on the format of the input command. If the command is
input as abbreviated ASCII, the output will be abbreviated ASCII. The same rule applies for both ASCII and
binary formats.
Table 11: Response Messages
ASCII Message
Binary
Message
ID
Meaning
OK
1
COMMAND WAS RECEIVED CORRECTLY
REQUESTED LOG DOES NOT EXIST
2
THE LOG REQUESTED DOES NOT EXIST
NOT ENOUGH RESOURCES IN
SYSTEM
3
THE REQUEST HAS EXCEEDED A LIMIT (FOR
EXAMPLE, THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF LOGS ARE
BEING GENERATED)
DATA PACKET DOESN’T VERIFY
4
DATA PACKET IS NOT VERIFIED
COMMAND FAILED ON RECEIVER
5
COMMAND DID NOT SUCCEED IN ACCOMPLISHING
REQUESTED TASK
INVALID MESSAGE ID
6
THE INPUT MESSAGE ID IS NOT VALID
INVALID MESSAGE. FIELD = X
7
FIELD X OF THE INPUT MESSAGE IS NOT CORRECT
INVALID CHECKSUM
8
THE CHECKSUM OF THE INPUT MESSAGE IS NOT
CORRECT. ONLY APPLIES TO ASCII AND BINARY
FORMAT MESSAGES.
MESSAGE MISSING FIELD
9
A FIELD IS MISSING FROM THE INPUT MESSAGE
ARRAY SIZE FOR FIELD X EXCEEDS
MAX
10
FIELD X CONTAINS MORE ARRAY ELEMENTS THAN
ALLOWED
PARAMETER X IS OUT OF RANGE
11
FIELD X OF THE INPUT MESSAGE IS OUTSIDE THE
ACCEPTABLE LIMITS
TRIGGER X NOT VALID FOR THIS
LOG
14
TRIGGER TYPE X IS NOT VALID FOR THIS TYPE OF LOG
AUTHCODE TABLE FULL - RELOAD
SOFTWARE
15
TOO MANY AUTHCODES ARE STORED IN THE
RECEIVER. THE RECEIVER FIRMWARE MUST BE
RELOADED
INVALID DATE FORMAT
16
THIS ERROR IS RELATED TO THE INPUTTING OF
AUTHCODES. INDICATES THE DATE ATTACHED TO
THE CODE IS NOT VALID
INVALID AUTHCODE ENTERED
17
THE AUTHCODE ENTERED IS NOT VALID
NO MATCHING MODEL TO REMOVE
18
THE MODEL REQUESTED FOR REMOVAL DOES NOT
EXIST
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
27
Chapter 3
Responses
Table 11: Response Messages (continued)
ASCII Message
Binary
Message
ID
Meaning
NOT VALID AUTH CODE FOR THAT
MODEL
19
THE MODEL ATTACHED TO THE AUTHCODE IS NOT
VALID
CHANNEL IS INVALID
20
THE SELECTED CHANNEL IS INVALID
REQUESTED RATE IS INVALID
21
THE REQUESTED RATE IS INVALID
WORD HAS NO MASK FOR THIS
TYPE
22
THE WORD HAS NO MASK FOR THIS TYPE OF LOG
CHANNELS LOCKED DUE TO ERROR
23
CHANNELS ARE LOCKED DUE TO ERROR
INJECTED TIME INVALID
24
INJECTED TIME IS INVALID
COM PORT NOT SUPPORTED
25
THE COM OR USB PORT IS NOT SUPPORTED
MESSAGE IS INCORRECT
26
THE MESSAGE IS INVALID
INVALID PRN
27
THE PRN IS INVALID
PRN NOT LOCKED OUT
28
THE PRN IS NOT LOCKED OUT
PRN LOCKOUT LIST IS FULL
29
PRN LOCKOUT LIST IS FULL
PRN ALREADY LOCKED OUT
30
THE PRN IS ALREADY LOCKED OUT
MESSAGE TIMED OUT
31
MESSAGE TIMED OUT
UNKNOWN COM PORT REQUESTED
33
UNKNOWN COM OR USB PORT REQUESTED
HEX STRING NOT FORMATTED
CORRECTLY
34
HEX STRING NOT FORMATTED CORRECTLY
INVALID BAUD RATE
35
THE BAUD RATE IS INVALID
MESSAGE IS INVALID FOR THIS
MODEL
36
MESSAGE IS INVALID FOR THIS MODEL OF RECEIVER
COMMAND ONLY VALID IF IN NVM
FAIL MODE
40
COMMAND IS ONLY VALID IF NVM IS IN FAIL MODE
INVALID OFFSET
41
THE OFFSET IS INVALID
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF USER
MESSAGES REACHED
78
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF USER MESSAGES HAS BEEN
REACHED
GPS PRECISE TIME IS ALREADY
KNOWN
84
GPS PRECISE TIME IS ALREADY KNOWN
ZUPT DISABLED BY USER
149
AN INSZUPT COMMAND WAS SENT AFTER
INSZUPTCONTROL COMMAND WAS USED TO DISABLE
THE USE OF ZUPTS.
28
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Responses
Chapter 3
Table 11: Response Messages (continued)
ASCII Message
Binary
Message
ID
Meaning
IMU SPECS LOCKED FOR THIS IMU
TYPE
150
SPAN ALLOWS THE DEFAULT SPECIFICATIONS FOR A
SELECT FEW IMUS TO BE MODIFIED TO SUPPORT
DIFFERENT VARIANTS. HOWEVER, MOST IMU
SPECIFICATIONS ARE NOT ALLOWED TO CHANGE.
COMMAND INVALID FOR THIS IMU
154
THE ENTERED COMMAND CANNOT BE USED WITH
THE CONFIGURED IMU.
FOR EXAMPLE, THE LEVERARMCALIBRATE COMMAND
IS NOT VALID FOR LOWER QUALITY IMUS.
IMU TYPE IS NOT SUPPORTED WITH
CURRENT MODEL
157
A FIRMWARE MODEL UPGRADE IS REQUIRED TO USE
THE REQUESTED IMU (SETIMUTYPE OR CONNECTIMU
COMMAND).
TRIGGER BUFFER IS FULL
161
THE TIMEDEVENTPULSE LIMIT OF 10 EVENTS HAS
BEEN REACHED, AND A NEW EVENT CANNOT BE SET
UNTIL AN EVENT IS CLEARED.
SETUPSENSOR COMMAND IS
LOCKED
163
THE SETUPSENSOR COMMAND CANNOT BE
MODIFIED BECAUSE THERE ARE REMAINING
TRIGGER EVENTS QUEUED.
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29
Chapter 4
SPAN Commands
The SPAN specific commands are described in this chapter.
For information about other available commands, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual
(OM-20000129).
4.1
Using a Command as a Log
All NovAtel commands may be used for data input or used to request data output. INS specific commands
can be in Abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or Binary format.
Consider the lockout command with the syntax:
lockout prn
You can put this command into the receiver to de-weight an undesirable satellite in the solution, or use the
lockout command as a log to see if there is a satellite PRN already locked out. In ASCII, this might be:
log com1 lockouta once
Notice the ‘a’ after lockout to signify you are looking for ASCII output.

4.2
Ensure all windows, other than the Console, are closed in NovAtel Connect and then use the
SAVECONFIG command to save settings in NVM. Otherwise, unnecessary data logging occurs
and may overload the system.
SPAN Specific Commands
Table 12: SPAN Commands for OEM6 - Alphabetical
ASCII Name
Description
Message ID
ALIGNMENTMODE
Sets the Alignment Mode
1214
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION
Enables or disables vehicle body rotation
1071
ASYNCHINSLOGGING
Enables or disables the asynchronous INS logs
1363
CONNECTIMU
Connects an IMU to a port
1428
DUALANTENNAPORTCONFIG
Select dual antenna source port
1356
ENCLOSURECOMSELECT
Sets the External COM Port to COM3 or USB
1536
ENCLOSUREWHEELSENSOR
Control Wheel Sensor Data
1535
EVENTINCONTROL
Control Event-In properties
1637
EVENTOUTCONTROL
Control Event-Out properties
1636
GIMBALSPANROTATION
Gimbal frame to SPAN frame rotation
1319
HEAVEFILTER
Enables or disables heave filtering
1427
IMUCONFIGURATION
Send one-time configuration data to an IMU
1745
30
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SPAN Commands
Chapter 4
Table 12: SPAN Commands for OEM6 - Alphabetical (continued)
ASCII Name
Description
Message ID
INPUTGIMBALANGLE
Enters gimbal angles into the receiver
1317
INSCOMMAND
Enables or disables INS positioning
379
INSTHRESHOLDS
Change the INS_HIGH_VARIANCE Threshold
1448
INSZUPT
Requests a Zero Velocity Update (ZUPT)
382
INSZUPTCONTROL
Enables or disables Zero Velocity Updates (ZUPT)
1293
INTERFACEMODE
Sets interface type for a port
3
LEVERARMCALIBRATE
Controls the IMU to antenna lever arm calibration
675
NMEATALKER
Sets the NMEA Talker ID
861
RELINSAUTOMATION
Enables or disables Relative INS on the rover receiver
1763
RVBCALIBRATE
Enables or disables the calculation of the vehicle to SPAN
body angular offset
641
SETALIGNMENTVEL
Sets the minimum required velocity for a kinematic alignment 1397
SETGIMBALORIENTATION
Converts the Mount Body frame to the Mount Computation
frame for SPAN
1318
SETHEAVEWINDOW
Sets the length of the heave filter
1383
SETIMUORIENTATION
Sets the IMU axis that is aligned with gravity
567
SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL
Sets the protocol used for the IMU serial port
1767
SETIMUSPECS
Sets the error specifications and data rate for the IMU
1295
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET
Sets the IMU to antenna offset for the primary antenna
383
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2
Sets the IMU to antenna offset for the secondary antenna
1205
SETINITATTITUDE
Sets the initial attitude of the SPAN system in degrees
862
SETINITAZIMUTH
Sets the initial azimuth and standard deviation
863
SETINSOFFSET
Sets an offset from the IMU for the output position and
velocity of the INS solution
676
SETMARK1OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark1 trigger event
1069
SETMARK2OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark2 trigger event
1070
SETMARK3OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark3 trigger event
1116
SETMARK4OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark4 trigger event
1117
SETUPSENSOR
Add a new sensor object
1333
SETWHEELPARAMETERS
Sets the wheel parameters
847
SETWHEELSOURCE
Sets the wheel sensor input source
1722
TAGNEXTMARK
Tags the next incoming mark event
1257
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31
Chapter 4
SPAN Commands
Table 12: SPAN Commands for OEM6 - Alphabetical (continued)
ASCII Name
Description
Message ID
TIMEDEVENTPULSE
Add a new camera event
1337
VEHICLEBODYROTATION
Set the angular offsets between the vehicle frame and the
SPAN body frame
642
WHEELVELOCITY
Wheel velocity for INS augmentation
504
Table 13: SPAN Commands for OEM6 - by Message ID
Message ID
ASCII Name
Description
3
INTERFACEMODE
Sets interface type for a port
379
INSCOMMAND
Enables or disables INS positioning
382
INSZUPT
Requests a Zero Velocity Update (ZUPT)
383
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET
Sets the IMU to antenna offset for the primary antenna
504
WHEELVELOCITY
Wheel velocity for INS augmentation
567
SETIMUORIENTATION
Sets the IMU axis that is aligned with gravity
641
RVBCALIBRATE
Enables or disables the calculation of the vehicle to SPAN
body angular offset
642
VEHICLEBODYROTATION
Set the angular offsets between the vehicle frame and the
SPAN body frame
675
LEVERARMCALIBRATE
Controls the IMU to antenna lever arm calibration
676
SETINSOFFSET
Sets an offset from the IMU for the output position and
velocity of the INS solution
847
SETWHEELPARAMETERS
Sets the wheel parameters
861
NMEATALKER
Sets the NMEA Talker ID
862
SETINITATTITUDE
Sets the initial attitude of the SPAN system in degrees
863
SETINITAZIMUTH
Sets the initial azimuth and standard deviation
1069
SETMARK1OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark1 trigger event
1070
SETMARK2OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark2 trigger event
1071
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION
Enables or disables vehicle body rotation
1116
SETMARK3OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark3 trigger event
1117
SETMARK4OFFSET
Sets the offset to the Mark4 trigger event
1205
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2
Sets the IMU to antenna offset for the secondary antenna
1214
ALIGNMENTMODE
Sets the Alignment Mode
1257
TAGNEXTMARK
Tags the next incoming mark event
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SPAN Commands
Chapter 4
Table 13: SPAN Commands for OEM6 - by Message ID (continued)
Message ID
ASCII Name
Description
1293
INSZUPTCONTROL
Enables or disables Zero Velocity Updates (ZUPT)
1295
SETIMUSPECS
Sets the error specifications and data rate for the IMU
1317
INPUTGIMBALANGLE
Enters gimbal angles into the receiver
1318
SETGIMBALORIENTATION
Converts the Mount Body frame to the Mount Computation
frame for SPAN
1319
GIMBALSPANROTATION
Gimbal frame to SPAN frame rotation
1333
SETUPSENSOR
Add a new sensor object
1337
TIMEDEVENTPULSE
Add a new camera event
1356
DUALANTENNAPORTCONFIG
Select dual antenna source port
1363
ASYNCHINSLOGGING
Enables or disables the asynchronous INS logs
1383
SETHEAVEWINDOW
Sets the length of the heave filter
1397
SETALIGNMENTVEL
Sets the minimum required velocity for a kinematic alignment
1427
HEAVEFILTER
Enables or disables heave filtering
1428
CONNECTIMU
Connects an IMU to a port
1448
INSTHRESHOLDS
Change the INS_HIGH_VARIANCE Threshold
1535
ENCLOSUREWHEELSENSOR
Control Wheel Sensor Data
1536
ENCLOSURECOMSELECT
Sets the External COM Port to COM3 or USB
1636
EVENTOUTCONTROL
Control Event-Out properties
1637
EVENTINCONTROL
Control Event-In properties
1722
SETWHEELSOURCE
Sets the wheel sensor input source
1745
IMUCONFIGURATION
Send one-time configuration data to an IMU
1763
RELINSAUTOMATION
Enables or disables Relative INS on the rover receiver
1767
SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL
Sets the protocol used for the IMU serial port
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33
Chapter 4
4.2.1
SPAN Commands
ALIGNMENTMODE
Set the Alignment Mode
Use this command to set the alignment method used by the SPAN system.
The default ALIGNMENTMODE is AUTOMATIC. In this mode, the first available method to align is used. If
the receiver is in single antenna operation only the UNAIDED option is available.
Sending the ALIGNMENTMODE command manually overrides the AUTOMATIC setting and allows a specific
method to be used.
Message ID:
1214
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
ALIGNMENTMODE mode
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
ALIGNMENTMODE AIDED_TRANSFER
34
Field
Field
Type
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or message header depending
on whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or
binary.
H
0
2
mode
UNAIDED
0
Regular SPAN static coarse or Enum
kinematic alignment mode.
4
H
AIDED_STATIC
1
Seed the static coarse
alignment with an initial
azimuth.
AIDED_TRANSFER
2
Seed the full attitude from an
ALIGN solution. Pitch and
Heading taken from ALIGN,
Roll is assumed 0.
AUTOMATIC
(Default)
3
Seed the full attitude from
ALIGN or perform a regular
coarse or kinematic alignment,
whichever is possible first.
ASCII Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
Binary
Offset
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
SPAN Commands
4.2.2
Chapter 4
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION
Enable Vehicle to Body Rotation
Use this command to apply the vehicle to body rotation to the output attitude (that was entered using the
VEHICLEBODYROTATION command, see page 88). This rotates the SPAN body frame output in the INSPVA,
INSPVAS, INSPVAX, INSATT, INSATTS and INSATTX logs to the vehicle frame.
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION is disabled by default.
Message ID:
1071
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION switch
Input Example:
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION ENABLE
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or message header depending on whether the
command is abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or
binary.
2
switch
DISABLE
0
ENABLE
1
Enable/disable vehicle to body rotation
using values entered in the
VEHICLEBODYROTATION command.
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
Enum
Binary
Offset
H
0
4
H
The default value is DISABLE
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35
Chapter 4
4.2.3
SPAN Commands
ASYNCHINSLOGGING
Enable Asynchronous INS Logs
Use this command to enable or disable the asynchronous INS logs (IMURATECORRIMUS and
IMURATEPVAS).

The asynchronous INS logs are highly advanced logs for users of SPAN on OEM6. The rate
controls that limit the output of logs are not applicable to these logs, allowing the user to drive
the idle time to zero.
Users of the IMURATECORRIMUS or IMURATEPVAS logs should be limited to those who must
have full rate INS solution data, or full rate corrected IMU data, without possible shifts in log time
that are present in the synchronous version of these logs.
The asynchronous INS logs are only available at the full rate of the IMU.
Message ID:
1363
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
ASYNCHINSLOGGING switch
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
ASYNCHINSLOGGING ENABLE
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on whether
the command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
Switch
DISABLE
0
4
H
ENABLE
1
Enable or disable the asynchronous INS Enum
logs.
The default value is DISABLE.
36
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SPAN Commands
4.2.4
Chapter 4
CONNECTIMU
Connects an IMU to a Port
Use this command to specify the type of IMU connected to the receiver and the receiver port used by the
IMU.

Do not use this command for SPAN-CPT or SPAN-IGM receivers.
These receivers have the correct IMU type and IMU port configured by default. Using this
command to change these settings will cause the receiver to lose SPAN functionality.
If the IMU port or IMU type are inadvertently changed on a SPAN-CPT or SPAN-IGM, use the
FRESET command to change the values back to the default values.
Message ID:
1428
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
CONNECTIMU IMUPort IMUType
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
CONNECTIMU COM2 IMU_LN200
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
IMUPorta
COM1
1
IMU Port is COM port 1
Enum
4
H
COM2
2
IMU Port is COM port 2
COM3
3
IMU Port is COM port 3
COM6
32
IMU Port is COM port 6
Enum
4
H+4
3
IMUType
See Table 14, IMU
Type on page 38
IMU Type
a. The IMU-FSAS, IMU-CPT and IMU-KVH1750 use RS-422 protocol and must be connected to a receiver port that
is configured to use RS-422. Refer to the OEM6 Family Installation and Operation User Manual (OM-20000129)
for information about which receiver ports support RS-422 and instructions for enabling RS-422.
For systems with a ProPak6 receiver, the COM3/IMU port must be used.
For systems with an OEM638 receiver, the COM6 port must be used.
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
37
Chapter 4
SPAN Commands
Table 14: IMU Type
Binary
Description
0
IMU_UNKNOWN
Unknown IMU type (default)
1
IMU_HG1700_AG11
Honeywell HG1700 AG11
2-3
Reserved
4
IMU_HG1700_AG17
Honeywell HG1700 AG17
5
IMU_HG1900_CA29
Honeywell HG1900 CA29
6-7
8
9-10
Reserved
IMU_LN200
Litton LN-200 (200 Hz model)
Reserved
11
IMU_HG1700_AG58
Honeywell HG1700 AG58
12
IMU_HG1700_AG62
Honeywell HG1700 AG62
13
IMU_IMAR_FSAS
iMAR iIMU-FSAS
14-15
16
17-18
Reserved
IMU_KVH_COTS
IMU-CPT
Reserved
19
IMU_LITEF_LCI1
Northrop Grumman Litef LCI-1
20
IMU_HG1930_AA99
Honeywell HG1930 AA99
21-26
Reserved
27
IMU_HG1900_CA50
Honeywell HG1900 CA50
28
IMU_HG1930_CA50
Honeywell HG1930 CA50
29-30
38
ASCII
Reserved
31
IMU_ADIS16488
Analog Devices ADIS16488
32
IMU_STIM300
Sensonor STIM300
33
IMU_KVH_1750
KVH1750 IMU
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SPAN Commands
4.2.5
Chapter 4
DUALANTENNAPORTCONFIG
Select Dual Antenna Source Port
When the SPAN system is configured for dual antenna, it automatically attempts to connect to an ALIGN
capable rover to establish dual antenna corrections. It also attempts to re-establish these corrections should
they stop.
For ProPak6 receivers with the Dual Antenna feature, the secondary internal receiver card is used as the
ALIGN rover. For other receivers, the default port for connecting to the ALIGN rover is COM2. If an IMU is
connected to COM2, COM1 is used instead.
This command is used to designate a different serial port to be used for dual antenna positioning, or to
disable this automatic configuration altogether. If automatic configuration is disabled, dual antenna
corrections can still be used, but ALIGN corrections must be manually configured.

Before using this command on a ProPak6 with the Dual Antenna feature, disable the internal
dual antenna corrections by sending the command DUALANTENNACONFIG DISABLE.
Message ID:
1356
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
DUALANTENNAPORTCONFIG Port_Selection
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
DUALANTENNAPORTCONFIG COM3
Field
Field Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
-
1
Header
-
-
This field contains the command
name or the message header
depending on whether the
command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary, respectively.
2
Port_Selection
0
NO_PORT
1
COM1
Specify which serial port should ENUM
be used to communicate with an
external ALIGN capable receiver.
2
COM2
3
COM3
19
COM4
31
COM5
32
COM6
34
COM7
35
COM8
36
COM9
37
COM10
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Binary
Offset
H
0
4
H
Selecting NO_PORT disables
automatic dual antenna
configuration.
39
Chapter 4
4.2.6
SPAN Commands
ENCLOSURECOMSELECT
Sets the External COM Port to COM3 or USB
This command enables either COM3 or USB communications on a SPAN-IGM enclosure.

The ENCLOSURECOMSELECT command is for use with only the SPAN-IGM enclosure.
Do not use this command on other SPAN receivers.
Message ID:
1536
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
ENCLOSURECOMSELECT ComSelect
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
ENCLOSURECOMSELECT USB
ASCII
Value
Field Field Type
1
Header
-
2
ComSelect COM3
USB

40
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
0
The COM3 port is enabled on the AUX Enum
connector on the SPAN-IGM.
1
The USB port is enabled on the AUX
connector on the SPAN-IGM.
H
0
4
H
Issuing the command ENCLOSURECOMSELECT COM3 disables the EVENT1 input.
See the OEM6 Family Installation and Operation User Manual (OM-20000128) for more
information about user selectable port configurations.
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SPAN Commands
4.2.7
Chapter 4
ENCLOSUREWHEELSENSOR
Control Wheel Sensor Data
Use this command to enable or disable wheel sensor data from a SPAN-IGM.

This command must be disabled if the wheel sensor information is received from a source other
than the MIC. For example, the wheel sensor is connected directly to the IMU.
Message ID:
1535
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
ENCLOSUREWHEELSENSOR switch [Reserved]
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
ENCLOSUREWHEELSENSOR ENABLE
ASCII
Value
Field Field Type
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
2
switch
Disable
0
Disable wheel sensor data. (default)
Enum
4
H
Enable
1
Enable wheel sensor data.
Ulong
4
H+4
3
Reserved
Reserved
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4.2.8
SPAN Commands
EVENTINCONTROL
Control Event-In Properties
This command controls up to four Event-In input triggers. Each input can be used as either an event strobe or
a pulse counter.
When used as an event strobe, an accurate GPS time or position is applied to the rising or falling edge of the
input event pulse (See the MARKxTIME or MARKxPOS logs in the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference
Manual (OM-20000129) and the MARKxPVA logs in INS Logs chapter of this manual). Each input strobe is
usually associated with a separate device, therefore different solution output lever arm offsets can be applied
to each strobe.
When used as a pulse counter, an internal accumulator is incremented with each input pulse. The
accumulated count is output each second using the MARKxCOUNT logs and coordinated with 1PPS. The
accumulator begins counting from zero with each new second.

In some cases a pin on the connector may have more than one function. The function is chosen
using the IOCONFIG command (see the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual
(OM-200000129)).
Message ID:
1637
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
EVENTINCONTROL mark switch [polarity] [t_bias] [t_guard]
ASCII Example:
EVENTINCONTROL MARK1 ENABLE
Binary
Value
Field Field Type ASCII Value
42
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
EVENTIN CONTROL
header
-
This field contains the command
name or the message header
depending on whether the
command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
2
mark
MARK1
0
Enum
4
H
MARK2
1
Choose which Event-In Mark to
change.
MARK3
2
MARK4
3
This value must be specified.
Note: MARK3 and MARK4 are only
available on an OEM638 or ProPak6
receiver.
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Field Field Type ASCII Value
3
4
5
switch
polarity
t_bias
Binary
Value
Description
DISABLE
0
Disables the Event Input
EVENT
1
Enables the Event Input as an event
strobe (default)
COUNT
2
Enables the Event Input as a
counter. The counter increments
with each pulse detected The period
of the count is from one PPS to the
next PPS. This option is commonly
used for a wheel sensor.
ENABLE
3
A synonym for the EVENT option
(for compatibility with previous
releases)
NEGATIVE
0
Negative polarity (default)
POSITIVE
1
Positive polarity
A constant time bias in
default: 0
minimum: -999,999,999 nanoseconds can be applied to
maximum: 999,999,999 each event pulse. Typically this is
used to account for a transmission
delay.
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Enum
4
H+4
Enum
4
H+8
Long
4
H+12
Ulong
4
H+16
This field is not used if the switch
field is set to COUNT.
6
t_guard
default: 4
minimum: 2
maximum: 3,599,999
The time guard specifies the
minimum number of milliseconds
between pulses. This is used to
coarsely filter the input pulses.
This field is not used if the switch
field is set to COUNT.
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4.2.9
SPAN Commands
EVENTOUTCONTROL
Control Event-Out Properties

This command is for use with only OEM638 and ProPak6 receivers.
This command configures up to seven Event-Out output strobes. The event strobes toggle between 3.3 V
and 0 V. The pulse consists of two periods: one active period followed by a not active period. The start of the
active period is synchronized with the top of the GNSS time second and the signal polarity determines
whether the active level is 3.3 V or 0 V. The not active period immediately follows the active period and has
the alternate voltage.

The outputs that are available vary according to the platform. In some cases, a pin on the
connector may have more than one function. The function is chosen using the IOCONFIG
command (see the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual (OM-20000129)).
On the OEM638, MARK1 through MARK7 are available. On the ProPak6 only MARK1 through
MARK3 are available on the Personality Port.
Message ID:
1636
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
EVENTOUTCONTROL mark switch [polarity] [active_period]
[non_active_period]
ASCII Example:
eventoutcontrol mark3 enable
Field
Binary
Value
ASCII Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
-
H
0
4
H
Enum
4
H+4
Enum
4
H+8
1
EVENTOUT
CONTROL
header
-
-
This field contains the command
name or the message header
depending on whether the
command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
2
mark
MARK1
0
MARK2
1
Choose which Event-Out Mark to Enum
change.
MARK3
2
MARK4
3
MARK5
4
MARK6
5
MARK7
6
DISABLE
0
Disables the Event Output
ENABLE
1
Enables the Event Output (default)
NEGATIVE
0
Negative polarity (active = 0V)
(default)
POSITIVE
1
Positive polarity
(active = 3.3V)
3
4
44
Field Type
switch
polarity
This value must be specified.
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Field
Field Type
Chapter 4
ASCII Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
5
active_period default: 500,000,000
Active period of the Event Out
minimum: 10
signal in nanoseconds
maximum: 999,999,990
Ulong
4
H+12
6
non_active_
period
Ulong
4
H+16
default: 500,000,000
Non-active period of the Event
minimum: 10
Out signal in nanoseconds
maximum: 999,999,990
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4.2.10 GIMBALSPANROTATION
Gimbal Frame to SPAN Frame Rotation
Use this command to specify a rotational offset between a gimbal mount and the SPAN computation frame.
This command must be used if the mount frame and SPAN computation frame do not match after the
mapping from SETGIMBALORIENTATION is applied to the mount. See Chapter 6, Variable Lever Arm on
page 181 for details on frame definitions.
The message format and definitions are identical to those in the VEHICLEBODYROTATION command. The
angles must be entered in the SPAN computation frame and the direction of the angles is from the mount to
the SPAN computation frame.
Message ID:
1319
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
GIMBALSPANROTATION XAngle YAngle ZAngle [XUncert] [YUncert] [ZUncert]
Abbreviated ASCII Examples:
GIMBALSPANROTATION 0 0 90
GIMBALSPANROTATION 0 0 90 0.1 0.1 1.0
Field
46
Field Type
ASCII Binary
Value Value
Description
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
header
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary
H
0
2
X Angle
±180
Right hand rotation around the SPAN Double
frame X axis in degrees
8
H
3
Y Angle
±180
Right hand rotation around the SPAN Double
frame Y axis in degrees
8
H+8
4
Z Angle
±180
Right hand rotation around the SPAN Double
frame Z axis in degrees
8
H+16
5
X Uncertainty 0 – 180
Uncertainty of X rotation in degrees.
Default is 0
Double
8
H+24
6
Y Uncertainty 0 – 180
Uncertainty of Y rotation in degrees.
Default is 0
Double
8
H+32
7
Z Uncertainty 0 – 180
Uncertainty of Z rotation in degrees.
Default is 0
Double
8
H+40
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4.2.11 HEAVEFILTER
Enables or Disables Heave Filtering
Use this command to enable or disable the filter used for heave processing.
Message ID:
1427
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
HEAVEFILTER switch
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
HEAVEFILTER ENABLE
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header -
-
Contains the command name or message header depending on whether the
command is abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or
binary.
H
0
2
switch
DISABLE
0
Disables the Heave filter.
4
H
ENABLE
1
Enables the Heave filter.
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4.2.12 IMUCONFIGURATION
Send one-time configuration data to an IMU
Certain IMUs have a factory default configuration that is incompatible with SPAN. Use this command to have
the receiver configure the IMU settings to the values required for SPAN.

Use this command only with the IMU-KVH1750.
Most SPAN-supported IMUs are factory configured to work correctly with SPAN, including IMUKVH1750s ordered from NovAtel. If you ordered an IMU-KVH1750 directly from KVH, or if you
have manually reset the configuration on your IMU-KVH1750, you must use this command
before the IMU will work with SPAN.
If ordering an IMU-KVH-1750 directly from KVH, you must specify commercial part number
01-0349-02.

The IMU type and IMU port must already be configured before sending this command. See
CONNECTIMU on page 37.
IMUs configured in this way only require configuration once; this command does not need to be sent each
time the receiver is reset.
Message ID:
1745
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
IMUCONFIGURATION IMUType
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
IMUCONFIGURATION IMU_KVH_1750
Field
48
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
-
Binary
Value
-
Description
1
Header
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
2
IMUType Table 14, IMU Type IMU type
on page 38
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
-
H
0
Enum
4
H
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4.2.13 INPUTGIMBALANGLE
Input Gimbal Angles into the Receiver
Use this command to input information about the current mount gimbal angles. Gimbal angles are the angle
from the current gimbal location to the locked mount frame. They are input in the mount body frame. See
Chapter 6, Variable Lever Arm on page 181 for details on frame definitions.
Message ID:
1317
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
INPUTGIMBALANGLE XAngle YAngle ZAngle [XUncert] [YUncert] [ZUncert]
Abbreviated ASCII Examples:
INPUTGIMBALANGLE 0.003 -0.1234 12.837
INPUTGIMBALANGLE 0.003 -0.1234 12.837 0.001 0.001 0.005
Field
ASCII
Value
Field Type
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
Binary
Format
1
Header
-
2
X Angle
±180
Right hand rotation from mount to
gimbal plane about mount body
frame X axis in degrees.
Double
8
H
3
Y Angle
±180
Right hand rotation from mount to
gimbal plane about mount body
frame Y axis in degrees.
Double
8
H+8
4
Z Angle
±180
Right hand rotation from mount to
gimbal plane about mount body
frame Z axis in degrees.
Double
8
H+16
4
X Uncertainty 0 – 180
Uncertainty of X rotation in degrees.
Default is 0
Double
8
H+24
5
Y Uncertainty 0 – 180
Uncertainty of Y rotation in degrees.
Default is 0
Double
8
H+32
6
Z Uncertainty 0 – 180
Uncertainty of Z rotation in degrees.
Default is 0
Double
8
H+40
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4.2.14 INSCOMMAND
INS Control Command
Use this command to enable or disable INS positioning. When INS positioning is disabled, no INS position,
velocity or attitude is output (however IMU data is still available). Also, INS aiding of tracking reacquisition is
disabled. If the command is used to disable INS and then re-enable it, the INS system has to go through its
alignment procedure (equivalent to issuing a RESET command). See the relevant SPAN User Manual for
information about the SPAN alignment procedures.
Message ID:
379
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
INSCOMMAND action
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
INSCOMMAND ENABLE
50
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on whether
the command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
Action
RESET
0
Resets the GNSS/INS alignment and
restarts the alignment initialization.
4
H
DISABLE
1
Disables INS positioning.
ENABLE
2
Enables INS positioning where
alignment initialization starts again.
(default)
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
Enum
Binary
Offset
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4.2.15 INSTHRESHOLDS
Change the INS_HIGH_VARIANCE Threshold
The INSTHRESHOLDS command allows you to customize the criteria by which the system reports
INS_HIGH_VARIANCE as the inertial solution status. This is especially useful in situations where the system
dynamics are known to be challenging or the SPAN system is using a lower grade IMU.
Message ID:
1448
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
INSTHRESHOLDS AttitudeStdDev
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
INSTHRESHOLDS 2.5
Field Field Type
ASCII Binary
Value Value
1
Header
-
-
2
Azimuth
Std Dev
Threshold
0 - 45 degrees
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
This field contains the command name or the message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
Threshold level at which the INS status
will report INS_HIGH_VARIANCE.
Binary
Offset
H
0
Double
8
H
Default values:
ADIS16488 = 5.0 degrees
STIM300
= 5.0 degrees
HG1930
= 4.0 degrees
Other IMUs = 2.0 degrees
3
Reserved
Double
8
H+8
4
Reserved
Double
8
H+16
5
Reserved
Double
8
H+24
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4.2.16 INSZUPT
Request Zero Velocity Update
Use this command to manually perform a Zero Velocity Update (ZUPT).
NovAtel’s SPAN Technology System does ZUPTs automatically. It is not necessary to use this command
under normal circumstances.

This command should only be used by advanced users of GNSS/INS and only when the
system is truly stationary.
Applying a ZUPT while moving will result in severe instability of the solution.
Message ID:
382
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
INSZUPT
Field
Field
Type
1
Header
2
Reserved
ASCII
Value
-
Binary
Value
-
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
Contains the command name or
message header depending on whether
the command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
BOOL
Binary
Offset
H
0
4
H
This parameter is optional when using abbreviated ASCII syntax.
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4.2.17 INSZUPTCONTROL
INS Zero Velocity Update Control
Use this command to control whether ZUPTs are performed by the system.
When enabled, ZUPTs allow the INS to reduce its accumulated errors. Typically, the system automatically
detects when it is stationary and applies a ZUPT. For certain applications where it is known the system will
never be stationary, such as marine or airborne applications, ZUPTs can be disabled altogether.
Message ID:
1293
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
INSZUPTCONTROL switch
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
INSZUPTCONTROL DISABLE
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on whether
the command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
Switch
DISABLE
0
Disable INS zero velocity updates.
4
H
ENABLE
1
Enable INS zero velocity updates.
(default)
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4.2.18 INTERFACEMODE
Set Interface Type for a Port
Use this command to specify what type of data a particular port on the receiver can transmit and receive. The
receive type tells the receiver what type of data to accept on the specified port. The transmit type tells the
receiver what kind of data it can generate.
As an example, you could set the receive type on a port to RTCA in order to accept RTCA differential
corrections.
It is also possible to disable or enable the generation or transmission of command responses for a particular
port. Disabling of responses is important for applications where data is required in a specific form and the
introduction of extra bytes may cause problems, for example RTCA, RTCM, RTCMV3 or CMR. Disabling a
port prompt is also useful when the port is connected to a modem or other device that will respond with data
the receiver does not recognize.
When INTERFACEMODE port NONE NONE OFF is set, the specified port is disabled from interpreting any
input or output data. Therefore, no commands or differential corrections are decoded by the specified port.
Data can be passed through the disabled port and be output from an alternative port using the pass-through
logs PASSCOM, PASSXCOM, PASSAUX and PASSUSB. Refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference
Manual (OM-20000129) for information on pass-through logging and the COMCONFIG log.
The INTERFACEMODE of the receiver is also configured for the serial port dedicated to the IMU. This mode
changes automatically upon sending a CONNECTIMU command and the change is reflected when logging
this command. This is normal operation.

When the CONNECTIMU command (see page 37) is used to configure the IMU connected to
the receiver, the correct interface mode for the IMU port is automatically set. The IMU port
should not be altered using the INTERFACEMODE command in normal operation. Doing so
may result in the loss of IMU communication.
Message ID:
3
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
INTERFACEMODE [port] rxtype txtype [responses]
ASCII Example:
INTERFACEMODE COM1 RTCA NOVATEL ON
ASCII
Value
Field Field Type
-
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
1
Header
-
2
Port
See Table 16, COM Serial port identifier
Serial Port Identifiers (default = THISPORT)
on page 56
3
Rxtype
4
Txtype
See Table 15, Serial Receive interface mode
Port Interface Modes
Transmit interface mode
on page 55
5
Responses OFF
ON
54
Binary
Value
0
Turn response generation off
1
Turn response generation on (default)
H
0
Enum
4
H
Enum
4
H+4
Enum
4
H+8
Enum
4
H+12
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Table 15: Serial Port Interface Modes
Binary Value
ASCII Mode Name
Description
0
NONE
The port accepts/generates nothing.
1
NOVATEL
The port accepts/generates NovAtel commands and logs.
2
RTCM
The port accepts/generates RTCM corrections.
3
RTCA
The port accepts/generates RTCA corrections.
4
CMR
The port accepts/generates CMR corrections.
5-6
Reserved
7
IMU
This port supports communication with a NovAtel supported IMU.
8
RTCMNOCR
This port accepts/generates RTCM with no CR/LF appended. a
9-13
Reserved
14
RTCMV3
The port accepts/generates RTCM Version 3.0 corrections.
15
NOVATELBINARY
The port only accepts/generates binary messages. If an ASCII
command is entered when the mode is set to binary only, the
command is ignored. Only properly formatted binary messages are
responded to and the response is a binary message.
19
IMARIMU
This port supports communication with an iMAR IMU.
20-22
Reserved
23
KVHIMU
24-27
Reserved
28
LITEFIMU
29-40
Reserved
41
KVH1750IMU
This port supports communication with a KVH CG5100 IMU.
This port supports communication with a Litef LCI-1 IMU.
This port supports communication with a KVH 1750 IMU.
a. An output interfacemode of RTCMNOCR is identical to RTCM but with the CR/LF appended. An input
interfacemode of RTCMNOCR is identical to RTCM and functions with or without the CR/LF.
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Table 16: COM Serial Port Identifiers
Binary
ASCII
Description
1
COM1
COM port 1
2
COM2
COM port 2
3
COM3
COM port 3
6
THISPORT
The current COM port
8
ALL
All COM ports
9
XCOM1 a
Virtual COM1 port
10
XCOM2 a
Virtual COM2 port
13
USB1 b
USB port 1
14
USB2 b
USB port 2
15
USB3 b
USB port 3
16
AUX
AUX port
19
COM4
COM port 4
23
ICOM1
IP virtual COM port 1
24
ICOM2
IP virtual COM port 2
25
ICOM3
IP virtual COM port 3
31
COM5
COM port 5
32
COM6
COM port 6
34
COM7
COM port 7
35
COM8
COM port 8
36
COM9
COM port 9
37
COM10
COM port 10
a. The XCOM1 and XCOM2 identifiers are not available with the
COM command but may be used with other commands. For
example, INTERFACEMODE and LOG.
b. The only other field that applies when a USB port is selected
is the echo field. Place holders must be inserted for all other
fields to use the echo field in this case.
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4.2.19 LEVERARMCALIBRATE
INS Calibration Command
Use the LEVERARMCALIBRATE command to control the IMU to antenna lever arm calibration.

LEVERARMCALIBRATE is not available for the IMU-CPT, HG-1930, ADIS-16488, IMU-IGM,
IMU-KVH1750 or STIM300.
The IMU to antenna lever arm is the distance from the center of navigation of the IMU to the phase center of
the antenna. For information about the IMU center of navigation, refer to the labels on the IMU enclosure or
the IMU drawings in the relevant SPAN User Manual. See also SETIMUTOANTOFFSET on page 71 and the
lever arm calibration routine in the relevant SPAN User Manual.
The calibration runs for the time specified or until the specified uncertainty is met. The BESTLEVERARM log
outputs the lever arm once the calibration is complete, see also BESTLEVERARM on page 107.

If a SETIMUANTENNAOFFSET command is already entered (or there is a previously saved
lever arm in NVM), before the LEVERARMCALIBRATE is sent, the calibration starts using initial
values from SETIMUTOANTOFFSET (or NVM). Ensure the initial standard deviations are
representative of the initial lever arm values.
Message ID:
675
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
LEVERARMCALIBRATE [switch] [maxtime] [maxstd]
Abbreviated ASCII Example 1:
LEVERARMCALIBRATE ON 600
Given this command, the lever arm calibration runs for 600 seconds. The final standard deviation of the
estimated lever arm is output in the BESTLEVERARM log.

The calibration starts when the SPAN solution has converged to an acceptable level. This
occurs shortly after the SPAN solution displays INS_SOLUTION_GOOD. The example’s 600
second duration is from when calibration begins and not from when you issue the command.
Abbreviated ASCII Example 2:
LEVERARMCALIBRATE ON 600 0.05
Given this command, the lever arm calibration runs for 600 seconds or until the estimated lever arm standard
deviation is <= 0.05 m in each direction (x, y, z), whichever happens first.
Abbreviated ASCII Example 3:
LEVERARMCALIBRATE OFF
This command stops the calibration. The current estimate, when the command was received, is output in the
BESTLEVERARM log, and used in the SPAN computations.
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Field
SPAN Commands
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
Switch
OFF
0
Enable or disable lever arm
calibration.
Enum
4
H
Maximum calibration time (s)
Double
8
H+4
Maximum offset uncertainty (m)
Double
8
H+12
ON (default) 1
3
Maxtime
300 - 1800
(default = 600)
4
58
Maxstd
0.02 – 0.5
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4.2.20 NMEATALKER
Set the NMEA Talker ID
Use this command to alter the behavior of the NMEA talker ID. The talker is the first 2 characters after the $
sign in the log header of the GPGLL, GPGRS, GPGSA, GPGST, GPGSV, GPRMB, GPRMC and GPVTG log
outputs. The other NMEA logs are not affected by the NMEATALKER command.

The GPGGA position is always based on the position solution from the BESTPOS log which
incorporate GNSS + INS solutions as well.
The default GPS NMEA message (NMEATALKER GP) outputs GP as the talker ID regardless of the position
type given in position logs such as BESTPOS. The NMEATALKER auto command switches the talker ID
between GP, GN and IN according to the position type given in position logs.
If nmeatalker is set to auto and there are both GPS and GLONASS satellites in the solution, two sentences
with the GN talker ID are output. The first sentence contains information about the GPS satellites in the
solution and the second sentence contains information about the GLONASS satellites in the solution.
If nmeatalker is set to auto and there are only GLONASS satellites in the solution, the talker ID of this
message is GL.
If the solution comes from SPAN, the talker ID is IN.
Message ID:
861
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
NMEATALKER ID
Factory Default:
NMEATALKER gp
ASCII Example:
NMEATALKER auto
Field
Type
Field
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on whether
the command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
ID
GP
0
GPS (GP) only
4
H
AUTO
1
GPS, Inertial (IN) and/or GLONASS

Enum
This command only affects NMEA logs capable of a GNSS position output. For example,
GPGSV is for information on GNSS satellites and its output always uses the GP ID. Table 17,
NMEA Talkers shows the NMEA logs and whether they use GP/GN or GP/GN/IN IDs with
NMEATALKER auto.
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Table 17: NMEA Talkers
60
Log
Talker IDs
GLMLA
GL
GPALM
GP
GPGGA
GP
GPGLL
GP/GN/IN
GPGRS
GP/GN
GPGSA
GP/GN
GPGST
GP/GN/IN
GPGSV
GP/GL
GPRMB
GP/GN/IN
GPRMC
GP/GN/IN
GPVTG
GP/GN/IN
GPZDA
GP
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Chapter 4
4.2.21 RELINSAUTOMATION
Enables Relative INS on the Rover
Use this command to configure the Relative INS plug and play feature on the rover receiver.
RELINSAUTOMATION enables/disables the plug and play feature, sets the rover COM port to which the
master receiver is connected, sets the baud rate for communication, sets the correction transfer rate and
enables/disables sending the HEADINGEXTB/HEADINGEXT2B log back to the master receiver.
On issuing this command at the rover receiver, the rover will automatically sync with the master receiver and
configure it to send corrections at the specified baud rate and specified data rate.

This command should only be issued at the rover receiver.
Message ID:
1763
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
RELINSAUTOMATION option [comport] [baudrate] [datarate]
[headingextboption]
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
RELINSAUTOMATION enable com2 230400 10 on
ASCII
Value
Field Field Type
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on whether
the command is abbreviated ASCII,
ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
option
ENABLE
0
Enum
4
H
DISABLE
1
Enables or disables the plug and play
feature.
3
comport
COM1
COM2
COM3
The COM port on the rover receiver to Enum
which the master receiver is connected.
(default = COM2)
4
H+4
4
baudrate
9600, 19200, 38400, The baud rate used for communication Ulong
between the master and rover
57600, 115200,
receivers.
230400, 460800,
921600
4
H+8
5
datarate
1, 2, 4, 5, 10 or
20 Hz
6
heading
ON
extboption OFF
The rate at which corrections are
transferred between the receivers.
(default =10 Hz)
Ulong
4
H+12
Enables or disables sending the
HEADINGEXTB/HEADINGEXT2B log
back to the master receiver.
(default = ON)
Enum
4
H+16
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4.2.22 RVBCALIBRATE
Vehicle to Body Rotation Control
Use the RVBCALIBRATE command to enable or disable the calculation of the vehicle to body angular offset.
This command should be entered when the IMU is re-mounted in the vehicle or if the rotation angles
available are known to be incorrect.

After the RVBCALIBRATE ENABLE command is entered, there are no vehicle body rotation
parameters present and a kinematic alignment is NOT possible. Therefore this command
should only be entered after the system has performed either a static or kinematic alignment
and has a valid INS solution.
A good INS solution and vehicle movement are required for the SPAN system to solve the vehicle-body
offset. The solved vehicle body rotation parameters are output in the VEHICLEBODYROTATION log when
the calibration is complete, see page 179. When the calibration is done, the rotation values are fixed until the
calibration is re-run by entering the RVBCALIBRATE command again.

The solved rotation values are used only for a rough estimate of the angular offsets between the
IMU and vehicle frames. The offsets are used when aligning the system while in motion (see the
start up and alignment technique in the relevant SPAN User Manual). The angular offset values
are not applied to the attitude output, unless the APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION command is
enabled.
Message ID:
641
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
RVBCALIBRATE switch
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
RVBCALIBRATE enable
Field
62
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
2
Switch
RESET
0
Enum
4
H
DISABLE
1
Control the vehicle/body rotation
computation
ENABLE
2
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Chapter 4
4.2.23 SETALIGNMENTVEL
Set the Minimum Kinematic Alignment Velocity
Use the SETALIGNMENTVEL command to adjust the minimum required velocity for a kinematic alignment.
Useful in such cases as helicopters, where the alignment velocity should be increased to prevent a poor
alignment at low speed.
Message ID:
1397
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETALIGNMENTVEL velocity
Abbreviated ASCII Example
SETALIGNMENTVEL 5.0
Field
Field
Type
ASCII Value
1
Header
-
2
Velocity
Minimum: 1.15 m/s
(Default is 5 m/s)
Binary
Value
-
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Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Contains the command name
or message header depending
on whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or
binary.
-
H
0
The minimum velocity, in m/s,
required to kinematically align.
Double
8
H
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4.2.24 SETGIMBALORIENTATION
Set the Gimbal Orientation
Use this command to convert Mount Body frame to Mount Computation frame for SPAN. This is done in the
same manner as for the IMU. The mapping definitions for SETGIMBALORIENTATION are the same as they
are for the SETIMUORIENTATION command (see Chapter 6, Variable Lever Arm on page 181 for details on
frame definitions). However, unlike an IMU, SPAN is not be able to auto-detect the orientation of the mount
used, so this command must be sent to SPAN. If the command is not sent, SPAN will assume a default
mapping of 5. If 5 is not the correct mapping, the SPAN system produces bad results.
Message ID:
1318
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETGIMBALORIENTATION mapping
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETGIMBALORIENTATION 6
Field
Field
Type
Value
Range
Description
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Header
–
Contains the command name or message
header depending on whether the command
is abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary
–
H
0
2
Mappinga
1
Mount X axis is pointing UP
Ulong
4
H
2
Mount X axis is pointing DOWN
3
Mount Y axis is pointing UP
4
Mount Y axis is pointing DOWN
5
Mount Z axis is pointing UP (default)
6
Mount Z axis is pointing DOWN
a. See Table 18, Full Mapping Definitions on page 68 for details
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4.2.25 SETHEAVEWINDOW
Set Heave Filter Length
Use this command to control the length of the heave filter. This filter determines the heave (vertical
displacement) of the IMU, relative to a long term level surface.
Message ID:
1383
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETHEAVEWINDOW filterlength
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETHEAVEWINDOW 35
Field
Type
ASCII Value
1
Header -
2
Filter
Length
Integer
(1 – 300 s)
(default = 20 s)
Binary
Value
-
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
This filter length will be used in the
heave filter. Typically, set the filter
length to 5 x wave period
Int
4
H
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4.2.26 SETIMUORIENTATION
Set IMU Orientation
Use this command to specify which of the IMU axis is aligned with gravity. The IMU orientation can be saved
using the SAVECONFIG command so that on start-up, the SPAN system does not have to detect the
orientation of the IMU with respect to gravity. This is particularly useful for situations where the receiver is
powered while in motion.

1. The default IMU axis definitions are:
Y - forward
Z - up
X - out the right hand side
It is strongly recommended to mount the IMU in this way with respect to the vehicle.
2. Use this command if the system is to be aligned while in motion using the kinematic
alignment routine, see the relevant SPAN User Manual for information about alignment
routines.

Ensure that all windows, other than the Console, are closed in NovAtel Connect and then use
the SAVECONFIG command to save settings in NVM. Otherwise, unnecessary data logging
occurs and may overload the system.
This orientation command serves to transform the incoming IMU signals in such a way that a 5 mapping is
achieved (see Table 18, Full Mapping Definitions on page 68). For example, if the IMU is mounted with the Xaxis pointing up and a mapping of 1 is specified then this transformation of the raw IMU data is done:
XZ, YX, ZY (where the default is XX, YY, ZZ)
Notice that the X-axis observations are transformed into the Z axis, resulting in Z being aligned with gravity
and a 5 mapping. The SPAN frame is defined so that Z is always pointing up along the gravity vector. If the
IMU mapping is set to 1, the X axis of the IMU enclosure is mapped to the SPAN frame Z axis (pointing up),
its Y axis to SPAN frame X and its Z axis to SPAN frame Y.
The X (pitch), Y (roll) and Z (azimuth) directions of the inertial enclosure frame are clearly marked on the
IMU. See the relevant SPAN User Manual for the IMU choices and their technical specifications. The
example from the LN-200 is shown in Figure 2, Frame of Reference.
Figure 2: Frame of Reference
66
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
Chapter 4
1. Azimuth is positive in a clockwise direction while yaw is positive in a counter-clockwise
direction when looking down the axis center. Yaw follows the right-handed system
convention where as azimuth follows the surveying convention.
2. The data in the RAWIMU logs is never mapped. The axes referenced in the RAWIMU log
descriptions form the IMU enclosure frame (as marked on the enclosure).
Message ID:
567
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETIMUORIENTATION switch
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETIMUORIENTATION 1
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or message
header depending on whether the command
is abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
Switch
0
0
IMU determines axis orientation automatically Enum
during coarse alignment. (default)
4
H
1
1
IMU X axis is pointing UP
2
2
IMU X axis is pointing DOWN
3
3
IMU Y axis is pointing UP
4
4
IMU Y axis is pointing DOWN
5
5
IMU Z axis is pointing UP
6
6
IMU Z axis is pointing DOWN
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Table 18: Full Mapping Definitions
Mapping
SPAN Frame
Axis
SPAN Frame
X
1
Z
Y
IMU
Enclosure
Frame Axis
IMU Enclosure
Frame
Y
X
Z
Z
Y
Z
X
2
X
X
Y
Z
Z
Y
Y
Y
Z
X
Y
Z
X
3
-X
X
Z
Z
Y
Y
X
X
Y
Z
X
4
Y
X
Z
X
Z
Z
Y
Z
X
Y
Y
Z
X
5
(default)
-Y
X
X
Z
Y
Z
Y
Y
Y
Z
X
6
Z
X
Y
Z
X
Y
X
68
X
Y
Z
Y
Z
X
-Z
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4.2.27 SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL
Sets the Protocol Used for the IMU Serial Port
Use the SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL command to force the IMU serial port to use either RS-232 or RS-422
protocol. This overrides the default configured internally when the CONNECTIMU command is sent.

Before changing the IMU serial port protocol to RS-422, make sure the receiver port connected
to the IMU is capable of RS-422 protocol. Refer to the OEM6 Family Installation and Operation
User Manual (OM-20000128) or ProPak6 User Manual (OM-20000148) for information about
the receiver serial ports.
Message ID:
1767
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL SerialProtocol
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETIMUPORTPROTOCOL RS422
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
1
Header
-
2
Serial
Protocol
RS232
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Contains the command name or message
header depending on whether the command
is abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
The protocol for the IMU serial port.
4
H
Enum
RS422
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4.2.28 SETIMUSPECS
Specify Error Specifications and Data Rate
Use the SETIMUSPECS command to specify the error specifications and data rate for the desired IMU. If the
default specs for the supported models are different than the unit used then this command can be used to
override the default values.
This command is only available for the following IMUs:
•
Honeywell HG1930
(default specifications are for the AA99/CA50 model)
•
Honeywell HG1900
(default specifications are for the CA29/CA50 model)
Message ID:
1295
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETIMUSPECS DataRate AccelBias AccelVRW GyroBias GyroARW
AccelSFError GyroSFError [DataLatency]
Abbreviated ASCII Example: (iMAR-FSAS Specs)
SETIMUSPECS 200 1 .0198 0.75 0.0028 300 300 2.5
Field Field Type
70
Value
Range
Description
Binary Binary
Format Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Header
-
Contains the command name or message header depending on whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
2
Data Rate
100 Hz
to
400 Hz
Data rate of the IMU
Ushort
2
H
3
Accel Bias
-
Total accelerometer bias in milli-g
Double
8
H+2
4
Accel VRW -
Accelerometer velocity random walk in m/s/rt-hr
Double
8
H+10
5
Gyro Bias
-
Total gyroscope bias in deg/hr
Double
8
H+18
6
Gyro ARW
-
Gyroscope angular random walk in deg/rt-hr
Double
8
H+26
7
Accel Scale > 0
Factor Error
Accelerometer scale factor error in parts per
million. Optional.
Default = 1000 ppm.
Ulong
4
H+34
8
Gyro Scale > 0
Factor Error
Gyroscopic scale factor error in parts per million. Ulong
Optional.
Default = 1000 ppm.
4
H+38
9
Data
Latency
>0
Time delay in milliseconds from the time of validity Double
of the IMU data to the time the input pulse is
received by the SPAN enabled receiver. This will
include filtering delays, processing delays and
transmission times. Optional. Default = 0.0.
8
H+42
10
Reserved
-
Reserved
Ulong
4
H+50
10
CRC
-
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+54
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Chapter 4
4.2.29 SETIMUTOANTOFFSET
Set IMU to Antenna Offset
Use this command to enter the offset between the IMU and the GNSS antenna. The measurement should be
done as accurately as possible, preferably to within millimeters especially for RTK operation. Any error in the
lever arm will translate directly into an error in the INS position.
The x, y and z fields represent the vector from the IMU to the antenna phase center in the IMU enclosure
frame. The a, b and c fields are used to enter any possible errors in the measurements. For example, if the ‘x’
offset measurement accuracy is a centimeter, enter 0.01 in the ‘a’ field.

Mount the IMU as close as possible to the GNSS antenna, particularly in the horizontal plane.
The X (pitch), Y (roll) and Z (azimuth) directions of the inertial frame are clearly marked on the IMU.
This command should be entered before or during the INS alignment (not after).
After changing the IMU to antenna offset, use the SAVECONFIG command to save the changes to nonvolatile memory. For information about the SAVECONFIG command, see the OEM6 Family Firmware
Reference Manual (OM-20000129).

If you are uncertain of the standard deviation values for the antenna offset, err on the side of a
larger standard deviation.
Message ID:
383
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET x y z [a] [b] [c]
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET 0.54 0.32 1.20 0.03 0.03 0.05
Field
Type
Field
ASCII Binary
Value Value
1
Header -
2
x
±100
-
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Contains the command name or message
header depending on whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
x offset (m)
Double
8
H
Double
8
H+8
Double
8
H+16
Double
8
H+24
Double
8
H+32
See Figure 3, IMU to Antenna Offset on page 72
3
y
±100
y offset (m)
See Figure 3, IMU to Antenna Offset on page 72
4
z
±100
z offset (m)
See Figure 3, IMU to Antenna Offset on page 72
5
a
0 to +1
Uncertainty in x (m)
(Defaults to 10% of the x offset to a minimum of
0.01 m)
6
b
0 to +1
Uncertainty in y (m)
(Defaults to 10% of the y offset to a minimum of
0.01 m)
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Field
Type
Field
7
c
ASCII Binary
Value Value
0 to +1
Description
Uncertainty in z (m)
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Double
8
H+40
(Defaults to 10% of the z offset to a minimum of
0.01 m)
Figure 3: IMU to Antenna Offset

72
This example assumes a default mounting configuration and shows a -X offset, -Y offset and +Z
offset.
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Chapter 4
4.2.30 SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2
Set IMU to GNSS2 Antenna Offset
Use the SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2 command to set the lever arm for the secondary GNSS antenna.
Preferably, the primary GNSS antenna is set up behind the IMU forward axis and the secondary GNSS
antenna is set up ahead of the IMU forward axis. Entering both lever arms will automatically compute the
angular offset between the ALIGN antennas and the IMU axes.
The format of this command is identical to the SETIMUTOANTOFFSET command.
Message ID:
1205
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2 x y z [a] [b] [c]
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2 0.24 0.32 1.20 0.03 0.03 0.05
Field
Type
Field
ASCII Binary
Value Value
1
Header -
2
x
±100
-
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Contains the command name or message
header depending on whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
x offset (m)
Double
8
H
Double
8
H+8
Double
8
H+16
Double
8
H+24
Double
8
H+32
Double
8
H+40
See Figure 3, IMU to Antenna Offset on page 72
3
y
±100
y offset (m)
See Figure 3, IMU to Antenna Offset on page 72
4
z
±100
z offset (m)
See Figure 3, IMU to Antenna Offset on page 72
5
a
0 to +1
Uncertainty in x (m)
(Defaults to 10% of the x offset to a minimum of
0.01 m)
6
b
0 to +1
Uncertainty in y (m)
(Defaults to 10% of the y offset to a minimum of
0.01 m)
7
c
0 to +1
Uncertainty in z (m)
(Defaults to 10% of the z offset to a minimum of
0.01 m)
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4.2.31 SETINITATTITUDE
Set Initial Attitude of SPAN in Degrees
Use this command to input a known attitude to start SPAN operation, rather than the usual coarse alignment
process. The caveats and special conditions of this command are listed below:
•
This alignment is instantaneous based on the user input. This allows for faster system startup however,
the input values must be accurate or SPAN does not perform well.
•
If uncertain about the standard deviation of the angles to enter, err on the side of a larger standard
deviation.
•
Sending SETINITATTITUDE resets the SPAN filter. The alignment is instantaneous, but some time and
vehicle dynamics are required for the SPAN filter to converge. Bridging performance is poor before filter
convergence.
•
The roll (about the Y-axis), pitch (about the X-axis) and azimuth (about the Z-axis) are with respect to the
SPAN frame. If the IMU enclosure is mounted with the z-axis pointing upward, the SPAN frame is the
same as the markings on the enclosure. If the IMU is mounted in another way, SPAN transforms the
SPAN frame axes such that Z points up for SPAN computations. You must enter the angles in
SETINITATTITUDE with respect to the transformed axis. See SETIMUORIENTATION on page 66 for a
description of the axes mapping that occurs when the IMU is mounted differently from Z up.
•
This command is not save configurable and, if needed, must be entered after the system reports
INS_ALIGNING.

1. Azimuth is positive in a clockwise direction when looking towards the Z-axis origin.
2. Use the SETIMUORIENTATION command if the IMU is mounted with the Z-axis not pointing
up. Then use the tables in SETIMUORIENTATION on page 66 to determine the azimuth
axis that SPAN is using.
Message ID:
862
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETINITATTITUDE pitch roll azimuth pitchSTD rollSTD azSTD
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETINITATTITUDE 0 0 90 5 5 5
In this example, the initial roll and pitch is set to zero degrees, with a standard deviation of 5 degrees for both.
This means that the SPAN system is very close to level with respect to the local gravity field. The azimuth is
90 degrees, also with a 5 degree standard deviation.
Field
74
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
±360
Input pitch angle, about the X-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H
Roll
±360
Input roll angle, about the Y-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H+8
Azimuth
±360
Input azimuth angle, about the Z-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H+16
1
Header
-
2
Pitch
3
4
-
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Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
5
PitchSTD
0.0002778a to 45 Input pitch standard deviation (STD)
angle (degrees)
Double
8
H+24
6
RollSTD
0.0002778a to 45 Input roll STD angle (degrees)
Double
8
H+32
7
AzSTD
0.0002778a to 45 Input azimuth STD angle (degrees)
Double
8
H+40
Description
Binary
Format
a. 0.0002778° is equal to 1 arc second.
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4.2.32 SETINITAZIMUTH
Set Initial Azimuth and Standard Deviation
Use this command to start SPAN operation with a previously known azimuth. Azimuth is the weakest
component of a coarse alignment and is also the easiest to know from an external source (i.e., like the
azimuth of roadway). When using this command, SPAN operation through alignment will appear the same as
with a usual coarse alignment. Roll and pitch is determined using averaged gyro and accelerometer
measurements. The input azimuth is used rather than what is computed by the normal coarse alignment
routine.
•
This alignment takes the same amount of time as the usual coarse alignment (30 s nominally).
•
Input azimuth values must be accurate for good system performance.
•
Sending SETINITAZIMUTH resets the SPAN filter. The re-alignment may take up to 30 seconds, after
which some time and vehicle dynamics are still required for the SPAN filter to converge. Bridging
performance is poor before filter convergence.
•
The azimuth angle is with respect to the SPAN frame. If the IMU enclosure is mounted with the Z-axis
pointing upward, the SPAN frame is the same as what is marked on the enclosure. If the IMU is mounted
in another way, SPAN transforms the SPAN frame axes such that Z points up for SPAN computations.
Enter the azimuth with respect to the transformed axis. See SETIMUORIENTATION on page 66 for a
description of the axes mapping that occurs when the IMU is mounted differently from Z pointing up.
•
This command is not save configurable and, if needed, must be entered after the system reports
INS_ALIGNING.

1. Azimuth is positive in a clockwise direction when looking towards the z-axis origin.
2. You do not have to use the SETIMUORIENTATION command, see page 66, unless you
have your IMU mounted with the Z-axis not pointing up. Then, use the tables in the
SETIMUORIENTATION command to determine the azimuth axis that SPAN is using.
Message ID:
863
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETINITAZIMUTH azimuth azSTD
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETINITAZIMUTH 90 5
In this example, the initial azimuth has been set to 90 degrees. This means that the SPAN system Y-axis is
pointing due East, within a standard deviation of 5 degrees. Note, if the SPAN system is mounted with the
positive Z-axis (as marked on the enclosure) in a direction that is not up, refer to the SETIMUORIENTATION
command to determine the SPAN computation frame axes mapping that SPAN automatically applies.
Field
76
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Binary
Format
Description
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary
-
H
0
±360
Input azimuth angle (degrees)
Double
8
H
0.0002778 to 45
Input azimuth standard deviation
angle (degrees)
Double
8
H+8
1
header
-
2
azimuth
3
azSTD
-
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4.2.33 SETINSOFFSET
Set INS Offset
Use the SETINSOFFSET command to specify an offset from the IMU for the output position and velocity of
the INS solution. This command shifts the position and velocity in the INSPOS, INSPOSS, INSPOSX,
INSVEL, INSVELS, INSVELX, INSSPD, INSSPDS, INSPVA, INSPVAS and INSPVAX logs by the amount
specified in metres with respect to the IMU enclosure frame axis.
Message ID:
676
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETINSOFFSET xoffset yoffset zoffset
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETINSOFFSET 0.15 0.15 0.25
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
Binary
Format
1
Header
-
2
X offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
X-axis (m)
8
H
3
Y offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Y-axis (m)
8
H+8
4
Z offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Z-axis (m)
8
H+16
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4.2.34 SETMARK1OFFSET
Set Mark1 Offset
Use this command to set the offset to the Mark1 trigger event.
Message ID:
1069
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETMARK1OFFSET xoffset yoffset zoffset offset offset offset
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETMARK1OFFSET -0.324 0.106 1.325 0 0 0
Field
78
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
1
Header
-
2
x offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
X-axis (m) for Mark1
8
H
3
y offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Y-axis (m) for Mark1
8
H+8
4
z offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Z-axis (m) for Mark1
8
H+16
5
offset
±360
Roll offset for Mark1 (degrees)
Double
8
H+24
6
offset
±360
Pitch offset for Mark1 (degrees)
Double
8
H+32
7
offset
±360
Azimuth offset for Mark1 (degrees)
Double
8
H+40
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4.2.35 SETMARK2OFFSET
Set Mark2 Offset
Use this command to set the offset to the Mark2 trigger event.

This command is not available for the SPAN-CPT.
Message ID:
1070
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETMARK2OFFSET xoffset yoffset zoffset offset offset offset
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETMARK2OFFSET -0.324 0.106 1.325 0 0 0
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
1
Header
-
2
x offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
X-axis (m) for Mark2
8
H
3
y offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Y-axis (m) for Mark2
8
H+8
4
z offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Z-axis (m) for Mark2
8
H+16
5
offset
±360
Roll offset for Mark2 (degrees)
Double
8
H+24
6
offset
±360
Pitch offset for Mark2 (degrees)
Double
8
H+32
7
offset
±360
Azimuth offset for Mark2 (degrees)
Double
8
H+40
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4.2.36 SETMARK3OFFSET
Set Mark3 Offset
Use this command to set the offset to the Mark3 trigger event.

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
Message ID:
1116
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETMARK3OFFSET xoffset yoffset zoffset offset offset offset
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETMARK3OFFSET -0.324 0.106 1.325 0 0 0
Field
80
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
1
Header
-
2
x offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
X-axis (m) for Mark3
8
H
3
y offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Y-axis (m) for Mark3
8
H+8
4
z offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Z-axis (m) for Mark3
8
H+16
5
offset
±360
Roll offset for Mark3 (degrees)
Double
8
H+24
6
offset
±360
Pitch offset for Mark3 (degrees)
Double
8
H+32
7
offset
±360
Azimuth offset for Mark3 (degrees)
Double
8
H+40
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4.2.37 SETMARK4OFFSET
Set Mark4 Offset
Use this command to set the offset to the Mark4 trigger event.

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
Message ID:
1117
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETMARK4OFFSET xoffset yoffset zoffset offset offset offset
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETMARK4OFFSET -0.324 0.106 1.325 0 0 0
Field
Field
Type
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
1
Header
-
2
x offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
X-axis (m) for Mark4
8
H
3
y offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Y-axis (m) for Mark4
8
H+8
4
z offset
±100
Offset along the IMU enclosure frame Double
Z-axis (m) for Mark4
8
H+16
5
offset
±360
Roll offset for Mark4 (degrees)
Double
8
H+24
6
offset
±360
Pitch offset for Mark4 (degrees)
Double
8
H+32
7
offset
±360
Azimuth offset for Mark4 (degrees)
Double
8
H+40
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4.2.38 SETUPSENSOR
Add a new sensor object
Use this command to add a new sensor object to the system. A sensor object consists of an ID, an
Event_Out line and an Event_In line. This is an intended as a simplified way to set up triggering to and from a
sensor rather than configuring all connections independently. It also allows for event pulses to be sent to a
sensor at specific GPS times (see the TIMEDEVENTPULSE command on page 87).
Message ID:
1333
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETUPSENSOR SensorID EventOut OPP OAP EventIn EIC IPP ITB MITG
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETUPSENSOR SENSOR3 MARK1 POSITIVE 2 MARK4 EVENT POSITIVE 0 2
Field
Binary
Value
H
0
Sensor ID SENSOR1
0
The sensor to configure.
Enum
4
H
SENSOR2
1
SENSOR3
2
MARK1
0
4
H+4
MARK2
1
Associate a specific MARK Event_Out Enum
line to this sensor configuration.
MARK3
2
MARK4
3
NEGATIVE
0
Mark output pulse polarity
Enum
4
H+8
POSITIVE
1
Mark output active period in
milliseconds.
Value must be divisible by 2.
Ulong
4
H+12
Associate a specific MARK Event_In
line to this sensor configuration.
Enum
4
H+16
Event in control
Enum
4
H+20
Mark input pulse polarity
Enum
4
H+24
Mark input time bias in milliseconds
Long
4
H+28
EventOut
OPP
-
5
OAP
2 - 500
6
EventIn
MARK1
0
MARK2
1
MARK3
2
MARK4
3
DISABLE
0
EVENT
1
NEGATIVE
0
POSITIVE
1
8
9
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
-
2
7
Description
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
Header
4
ASCII
Value
-
1
3
82
Field
Type
EIC
IPP
ITB
-99999999 to
99999999
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Field
Type
Field
10
ITG

Chapter 4
ASCII
Value
2 to 3599999
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
Mark input time guard in milliseconds Ulong
4
H+32
Only MARK1 is available for the SPAN-CPT.
MARK3 and MARK4 are available only on SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6
receiver.
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4.2.39 SETWHEELPARAMETERS
Set Wheel Parameters
The SETWHEELPARAMETERS command can be used when wheel sensor data is available. It gives the filter a
good starting point for the wheel size scale factor. It also gives the SPAN filter an indication of the expected
accuracy of the wheel data.
Message ID:
847
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETWHEELPARAMETERS ticks circ spacing
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETWHEELPARAMETERS 58 1.96 0.025
Field
Type
Field
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
Binary
Format
1
Header
-
2
Ticks
1-10000
Number of ticks per revolution
Ushort
4a
H
3
Circ
0.1-100
Wheel circumference (m)
Double
8
H+4
Double
8
H+12
(default = 1.96 m)
4
Spacing
0.001-1000
Spacing of ticks, or resolution of the
wheel sensor (m)
a. In the binary log case, an additional 2 bytes of padding are added to maintain 4 byte alignment.

84
Fields 2, 3 and 4 do not have to ‘add up’. Field 4 is used to weight the wheel sensor
measurement. Fields 2 and 3 are used with the estimated scale factor to determine the distance
travelled.
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4.2.40 SETWHEELSOURCE
Set Wheel Sensor Input Source

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
Use the SETWHEELSOURCE command to specify how the wheel sensor is connected to the SPAN system.
If the wheel sensor is connected directly (such as through the iMAR iMU-FSAS or with a SPAN-IGM unit), the
IMU option is used.
SETWHEELSOURCE IMU
If the wheel sensor is connected externally using an EVENT line, the MARK option is used. For example, if
the wheel sensor is connected to the EVENT3 line with a negative polarity tick:
SETWHEELSOURCE MARK3 NEGATIVE
Message ID:
1722
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
SETWHEELSOURCE input polarity
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
SETWHEELSOURCE MARK1 POSITIVE
Field
Type
Field
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Description
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
1
Header
-
-
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
2
input
IMU
0
Enum
4
H
MARK1
1
Specify to which wheel sensor input
the command should be applied.
MARK2
2
MARK3
3
MARK4
4
NEGATIVE
0
Enum
8
H+4
POSITIVE
1
Enum
12
H+12
3
polarity
Default is IMU
Specify the polarity of the pulse to be
received on the Mark input. (optional)
This field is not used if the input is set
to IMU.
Default is Positive
4
Reserved -

-
Reserved
Only MARK1 is available for the SPAN-CPT.
MARK3 and MARK4 are available only on SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6
receiver.
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4.2.41 TAGNEXTMARK
Tags the Next Incoming Mark Event
Use this command to tag the next incoming mark event on the selected mark with a 32-bit number. This is
available in the TAGGEDMARKxPVA log (see page 171 to page 174) to easily associate the PVA log with a
supplied event.
Message ID:
1257
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
TAGNEXTMARK Mark Tag
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
TAGNEXTMARK MARK1 1234
Field
Field
Type
1
Header
-
-
2
Mark
MARK1
0
MARK2
1
MARK3
2
MARK4
3
-
-
3
Tag

86
ASCII
Value
Binary
Value
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Event line
Enum
4
H
Tag for next mark event
Ulong
4
H+4
Description
Binary
Format
Only MARK1 is available for the SPAN-CPT.
MARK3 and MARK4 are available only on SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6
receiver.
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Chapter 4
4.2.42 TIMEDEVENTPULSE
Add a new camera event
Use this command to add a new camera event to the system. TIMEDEVENTPULSE sends a pulse on the
sensor MARK output at the selected GPS time and sets the trigger on the sensor MARK input to be tagged
with an event ID (see TAGGEDMARK1PVA on page 171 thru TAGGEDMARK4PVA on page 174). The lines
connected to each sensor are configured using the SETUPSENSOR command (see page 82).

A maximum of 10 unprocessed events can be buffered into the system. A TIMEDEVENTPULSE
command must be entered at least 1 second prior to the requested event time.
Message ID:
1337
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
TIMEDEVENTPULSE SensorID GPSWeek GPSSeconds [Event ID]
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
TIMEDEVENTPULSE -1 1617 418838 100
ASCII
Value
Field Field Type
1
Header
-
2
Sensor ID
ALL
Binary Value
-
Description
Contains the command name or message header depending on
whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or
binary.
-1
The sensor(s) affected by the
(0xFFFFFFFF) trigger command.
SENSOR1 0x01
SENSOR2 0x02
SENSOR3 0x04
Binary Binary Binary
Format Bytes Offset
H
0
Long
4
H
The decimal representation of
the combination of bits 0-2 can
be used to select a combination
of active sensors (e.g. 5 [101] will
select sensors 1 and 3).
3
GPS Week 0 - MAX Ulong
The GPS week that triggers the
event.
Ulong
4
H+4
4
GPS
Seconds
0 - 604800
The GPS week seconds that
triggers the event.
Double
8
H+8
5
Event ID
0- MAX Ulong
The event's identifier, used to tag Ulong
the TAGGEDMARKxPVA logs if a
sensor input is enabled.
Optional
4
H+16
Default = 0
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4.2.43 VEHICLEBODYROTATION
Vehicle to SPAN Frame Rotation
Use the VEHICLEBODYROTATION command to set angular offsets between the vehicle frame (direction of
travel) and the SPAN body frame (direction that the IMU computational frame is pointing). If the angular
offsets are estimated using the RVBCALIBRATE command, the VEHICLEBODYROTATION command values
are used as the initial values. The uncertainty values are optional (defaults = 0.0). See the relevant SPAN
User Manual for information about reference frames within SPAN and vehicle to SPAN frame angular offset
calibration routines. See RVBCALIBRATE on page 62 for more information.

The body frame is nominally the frame as marked on the IMU enclosure. If the IMU is not
mounted with the Z-axis approximately up, check the new computational axis orientation that
SPAN automatically uses, called the SPAN computational frame. SPAN forces Z to be up in the
SPAN computational frame. Output attitude (in INSPVA, INSATT, etc.) is with respect to the
SPAN computational frame. Refer to the SETIMUORIENTATION command description to see
what mapping definition applies, depending on which IMU axis most closely aligns to gravity.
Essentially, this means that if the IMU is not mounted with the Z-axis approximately up (as
marked on the enclosure), a new IMU frame defines what mapping applies. This new
computational frame will not match what is marked on the IMU enclosure and will need to be
determined by checking Full Mapping Definitions on page 68.
With the default mapping and with no angular offset between the vehicle frame and SPAN
computational frame, the output roll is the angle of rotation about the Y-axis, the output pitch is
about the X-axis and the output azimuth is about the Z-axis and is measured to the Y-axis. Note
that azimuth is positive in the clockwise direction when looking towards the origin. However, the
input vehicle to body rotation about the Z-axis follows the right hand rule convention and a
positive rotation is in the counterclockwise direction when looking towards the origin.
For further information about extracting the vehicle’s attitude with respect to the local level
frame, refer to NovAtel application note APN-037 Application Note on Vehicle Body Rotations,
available from the NovAtel Web site at www.novatel.com/support/search/.
The rotation values are used during kinematic alignment. The rotation is used to transform the vehicle frame
attitude estimates from GNSS into the SPAN frame of the IMU during the kinematic alignment. If you use the
APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION command on page 35, the reported attitude is in the vehicle frame;
otherwise, the reported attitude is in the SPAN frame. The uncertainty values report the accuracy of the
angular offsets.
The VEHICLEBODYROTATION command sets the initial estimates for the angular offset. The uncertainty
values are optional.

Enter rotation angles in degrees. NovAtel recommends entering SETIMUORIENTATION first
then VEHICLEBODYROTATION.
Message ID:
642
Abbreviated ASCII Syntax:
VEHICLEBODYROTATION alpha beta gamma [alpha] [beta] [gamma]
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
VEHICLEBODYROTATION 0 0 90 0 0 5
88
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Field
Field Type
Chapter 4
ASCII
Value
1
Header
-
2
X Angle
3
Binary
Value
-
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is
abbreviated ASCII, ASCII or binary.
-
H
0
±360
Right hand rotation about vehicle
frame X-axis (degrees)
Double
8
H
Y Angle
±360
Right hand rotation about vehicle
frame Y-axis (degrees)
Double
8
H+8
4
Z Angle
±360
Right hand rotation about vehicle
frame Z-axis (degrees)
Double
8
H+16
5
X Uncertainty
0 - 45
Uncertainty of X rotation (degrees)
(default = 0)
Double
8
H+24
6
Y Uncertainty
0 - 45
Uncertainty of Y rotation (degrees)
(default = 0)
Double
8
H+32
7
Z Uncertainty
0 - 45
Uncertainty of Z rotation (degrees)
(default = 0)
Double
8
H+40
8
xxxx
-
-
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+48
9
[CR][LF]
-
-
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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4.2.44 WHEELVELOCITY
Wheel Velocity for INS Augmentation
Use the WHEELVELOCITY command to input wheel sensor data into the OEM6 receiver.

This command should be used only if the wheel sensor cannot be directly connected to an
odometer port in the SPAN system.
Message ID:
504
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
WHEELVELOCITY 123 8 10 0 0 0 0 40
WHEELVELOCITY 123 8 10 0 0 0 0 80
WHEELVELOCITY 123 8 10 0 0 0 0 120
The examples above are for a vehicle traveling at a constant velocity with these wheel sensor characteristics:
•
Wheel Circumference = 2 m
•
Vehicle Velocity (assumed constant for this example) = 10 m/s
•
Ticks Per Revolution = 8
•
Cumulative Ticks Per Second = (10 m/s)*(8 ticks/rev)/(2 m/rev) = 40
•
Latency between 1PPS and measurement from wheel sensor hardware = 123 ms
Field
90
Field Type
ASCII
Value
-
Binary
Value
-
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
Contains the command name or
message header depending on
whether the command is abbreviated
ASCII, ASCII or binary.
H
0
Description
Format
1
Header
2
Latency
A measure of the latency in the
velocity time tag in ms.
Ushort
2
H
3
Ticks/rev
Number of ticks per revolution
Ushort
2
H+2
4
Wheel
Velocity
Short wheel velocity in ticks/s
Ushort
2
H+4
5
Reserved
Ushort
2
H+6
6
Float Wheel
Velocity
Float
4
H+8
7
Reserved
Ulong
4
H+12
8
Reserved
Ulong
4
H+16
9
Cumulative
Ticks/s
Ulong
4
H+20
Float wheel velocity in ticks/s
Cumulative number of ticks/s
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
The INS specific logs follow the same general logging scheme as normal OEM6 Family logs. They are
available in ASCII or binary formats and are defined as being either synchronous or asynchronous. All the
logs in this chapter are used only with the SPAN system.
For information on other available logs and output logging, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference
Manual (OM-20000129).
One difference from the standard OEM6 Family logs is there are two possible headers for the ASCII and
binary versions of the logs. Which header is used for a given log is described in the log definitions in this
chapter. The reason for the alternate short headers is that the normal OEM6 binary header is quite long at 28
bytes. This is nearly as long as the data portion of many of the INS logs and creates excess storage and
baud rate requirements. Note that the INS related logs contain a time tag within the data block in addition to
the time tag in the header. The time tag in the data block should be considered the exact time of applicability
of the data. All the described INS logs except the INSCOV and INSUPDATE can be obtained at rates up to
100 or 200 Hz depending on your IMU, subject to the limits of the output baud rate. The covariance and
update logs are available once per second.

Each ASCII log ends with a hexadecimal number preceded by an asterisk and followed by a line
termination using the carriage return and line feed characters, for example,
*1234ABCD[CR][LF]. This value is a 32-bit CRC of all bytes in the log, excluding the '#’ or ‘%’
identifier and the asterisk preceding the four checksum digits. See also Description of ASCII
and Binary Logs with Short Headers on page 19.
Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121 shows the status values included in the INS position, velocity
and attitude output logs. If the IMU is connected properly and a good status value is not being received,
check the hardware setup to ensure it is properly connected. This situation can be recognized in the
RAWIMU data by observing accelerometer and gyro values which are not changing with time.

5.1
Use a USB cable or Ethernet connection to log raw data. Serial communication is acceptable for
configuring and monitoring the SPAN system through Hyperterminal or NovAtel Connect. USB
or Ethernet is required if you have a post-processing application requiring 200 Hz IMU data.
Logs with INS or GNSS Data
There are several logs in the system designed to output the best available solution as well as many logs that
output only a specific solution type (PSR, RTK, INS, etc). The table below lists the logs that can provide either
a GNSS solution or an INS solution. Most of these derive from the solution the system picks as the best
solution. SPAN systems also have a secondary best solution that derives from the GNSS solution only
(BESTGNSSPOS and BESTGNSSVEL).
Log
Log Format
GNSS/INS
BESTPOS
NovAtel
YES
BESTVEL
NovAtel
YES
BESTUTM
NovAtel
YES
BESTXYZ
NovAtel
YES
GPGGA
NMEA
YES
GPGLL
NMEA
YES
GPVTG
NMEA
YES
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5.2
INS Logs
INS Specific Logs
INS specific logs provide attitude data such as roll, pitch and azimuth.

Logging Restriction Important Notice
Logging excessive amounts of high rate data can overload the system. When configuring the
output for SPAN, NovAtel recommends that only one high rate (>50Hz) message be configured
for output at a time. It is possible to log more than one message at high rates, but doing so
could have negative impacts on the system. Also, if logging 100/200Hz data, always use the
binary format.
For optimal performance, log only one high rate output at a time. These logs could be:
•
Raw data for post processing
RAWIMUXSB ONNEW (100 or 200Hz depending on IMU)
-
•
Real time INS solution
INSPVASB ONTIME 0.01 or 0.005 (maximum rate equals the IMU rate)
-

RAWIMU logs are not valid with the ONTIME trigger. The raw IMU observations
contained in these logs are sequential changes in velocity and rotation. As such,
you can only use them for navigation if they are logged at their full rate. See details
of these logs starting on page 162.
Other possible INS solution logs available at high rates are: INSPOSSB,
INSVELSB, INSATTSB
The periods available when using the ONTIME trigger are 0.005 (200Hz), 0.01 (100Hz), 0.02
(50 Hz), 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25, 0.5, 1, and any integer number of seconds.
Table 19: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - Alphabetical
ASCII Name
Description
Message
ID
Type
BESTGNSSPOS
Best available GNSS position (without INS)
1429
Synch
BESTGNSSVEL
Best available GNSS velocity information (without INS)
1430
Synch
BESTLEVERARM
Distance between the IMU center of navigation and the
primary GNSS antenna phase center
674
Asynch
BESTLEVERARM2
Distance between the IMU center of navigation and the
secondary GNSS antenna phase center
1256
Asynch
BESTPOS
Best available combined GNSS and INS position
42
Synch
CORRIMUDATA
RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, earth’s rotation and
sensor errors
812
Synch
CORRIMUDATAS
RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, earth’s rotation, and
sensor errors (short header)
813
Synch
DELAYEDHEAVE
Log containing the value of the delayed heave filter
1709
Synch
GIMBALLEDPVA
Re-calculated gimballed position, velocity and attitude
1321
Asynch
HEAVE
Vessel heave computed by the integrated heave filter
1382
Asynch
92
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Chapter 5
Table 19: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - Alphabetical (continued)
ASCII Name
Description
Message
ID
Type
IMURATECORRIMUS
RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, earth’s rotation and
sensor errors provided at full rate of IMU
1362
Asynch
IMURATEPVAS
Most recent position, velocity and attitude at full rate of
IMU
1305
Asynch
IMUTOANTOFFSETS
Distance between the IMU center of navigation and the
phase center of the GNSS antenna(s)
1270
Asynch
INSATT
Most recent attitude (roll, pitch and azimuth)
measurements
263
Synch
INSATTS
Most recent attitude (roll, pitch and azimuth)
measurements (short header)
319
Synch
INSATTX
Most recent attitude (roll, pitch and azimuth)
measurements (roll, pitch and azimuth) with attitude
standard deviation
1457
Synch
INSCOV
Position, attitude, and velocity matrices with respect to the
local level frame
264
Synch
INSCOVS
Position, attitude, and velocity matrices with respect to the
local level frame (short header)
320
Synch
INSPOS
Most recent position measurements
265
Synch
INSPOSS
Most recent position measurements (short header)
321
Synch
INSPOSX
Most recent position measurements with position
standard deviation
1459
Synch
INSPVA
Most recent position, velocity and attitude
507
Synch
INSPVAS
Most recent position, velocity and attitude (short header)
508
Synch
INSPVAX
Most recent position, velocity and attitude with position,
velocity and attitude standard deviations
1465
Synch
INSSPD
Most recent speed measurements in the horizontal and
vertical directions
266
Synch
INSSPDS
Most recent speed measurements in the horizontal and
vertical directions (short header)
323
Synch
INSUPDATE
Most recent INS update information
757
Asynch
INSVEL
Most recent North, East, and Up velocity vector values
267
Synch
INSVELS
Most recent North, East, and Up velocity vector values
(short header)
324
Synch
INSVELX
Most recent North, East, and Up velocity vector values
with velocity standard deviation
1458
Synch
MARK1COUNT
Count for the Mark1 input
1093
Asynch
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
Table 19: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - Alphabetical (continued)
ASCII Name
Description
Message
ID
Type
MARK1PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event
is received on the Mark1 input
1067
Synch
MARK2COUNT
Count for the Mark2 input
1094
Asynch
MARK2PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event
is received on the Mark2 input
1068
Synch
MARK3COUNT
Count for the Mark3 input
1095
Asynch
MARK3PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event
is received on the Mark3 input
1118
Synch
MARK4COUNT
Count for the Mark4 input
1096
Asynch
MARK4PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event
is received on the Mark4 input
1119
Synch
PASHR
NMEA inertial attitude data
1177
Synch
RAWIMU
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros
268
Asynch
RAWIMUS
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros (short header)
325
Asynch
RAWIMUSX
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros (extended version for
post-processing with short header)
1462
Asynch
RAWIMUX
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros (extended version for
post-processing)
1461
Asynch
RELINSPVA
Relative INSPVA log
1446
Asynch
SYNCHEAVE
Synchronous log containing the instantaneous Heave
value
1708
Synch
SYNCRELINSPVA
Synchronous Relative INSPVA log
1743
Synch
TAGGEDMARK1PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark1 input
1258
Synch
TAGGEDMARK2PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark2 input
1259
Synch
TAGGEDMARK3PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark3 input
1327
Synch
TAGGEDMARK4PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark4 input
1328
Synch
TIMEDWHEELDATA
Time stamped wheel sensor data
622
Asynch
TSS1
Heave, roll and pitch information in TSS1 protocol
1456
Synch
94
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Chapter 5
Table 19: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - Alphabetical (continued)
ASCII Name
Message
ID
Description
VARIABLELEVERARM
Displays the re-calculated variable lever arm when a new
INPUTGIMBALANGLE command is received
1320
VEHICLEBODYROTATION
Angular offset from the vehicle frame to the SPAN frame
642
WHEELSIZE
Wheel sensor information
646
Type
Asynch
Asynch
Table 20: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - by Message ID
Message
ID
ASCII Name
Description
Type
42
BESTPOS
Best available combined GNSS and INS position
Synch
263
INSATT
Most recent attitude (roll, pitch and azimuth) measurements
Synch
264
INSCOV
Position, attitude, and velocity matrices with respect to the
local level frame
Synch
265
INSPOS
Most recent position measurements
Synch
266
INSSPD
Most recent speed measurements in the horizontal and
vertical directions
Synch
267
INSVEL
Most recent North, East, and Up velocity vector values
Synch
268
RAWIMU
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros
Asynch
319
INSATTS
Most recent attitude (roll, pitch and azimuth) measurements
(short header)
Synch
320
INSCOVS
Position, attitude, and velocity matrices with respect to the
local level frame (short header)
Synch
321
INSPOSS
Most recent position measurements (short header)
Synch
323
INSSPDS
Most recent speed measurements in the horizontal and
vertical directions (short header)
Synch
324
INSVELS
Most recent North, East, and Up velocity vector values
(short header)
Synch
325
RAWIMUS
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros (short header)
Asynch
507
INSPVA
Most recent position, velocity and attitude
Synch
508
INSPVAS
Most recent position, velocity and attitude (short header)
Synch
622
TIMEDWHEELDATA
Time stamped wheel sensor data
Asynch
642
VEHICLEBODYROTATION
Angular offset from the vehicle frame to the SPAN frame
646
WHEELSIZE
Wheel sensor information
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95
Chapter 5
INS Logs
Table 20: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - by Message ID (continued)
Message
ID
ASCII Name
Description
Type
674
BESTLEVERARM
Distance between the IMU center of navigation and the
primary GNSS antenna phase center
Asynch
757
INSUPDATE
Most recent INS update information
Asynch
812
CORRIMUDATA
RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, earth’s rotation and
sensor errors
Synch
813
CORRIMUDATAS
RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, earth’s rotation and
sensor errors (short header)
Synch
1067
MARK1PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event is
received on the Mark1 input
Synch
1068
MARK2PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event is
received on the Mark2 input
Synch
1093
MARK1COUNT
Count for the Mark1 input
Asynch
1094
MARK2COUNT
Count for the Mark2 input
Asynch
1095
MARK3COUNT
Count for the Mark3 input
Asynch
1096
MARK4COUNT
Count for the Mark4 input
Asynch
1118
MARK3PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event is
received on the Mark3 input
Synch
1119
MARK4PVA
Outputs the position, velocity and attitude when an event is
received on the Mark4 input
Synch
1177
PASHR
NMEA inertial attitude data
Synch
1256
BESTLEVERARM2
Distance between the IMU center of navigation and the
secondary GNSS antenna phase center
Asynch
1258
TAGGEDMARK1PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark1 input
Synch
1259
TAGGEDMARK2PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark2 input
Synch
1270
IMUTOANTOFFSETS
Distance between the IMU center of navigation and the
phase center of the GNSS antenna(s)
Asynch
1305
IMURATEPVAS
Most recent position, velocity and attitude at full rate of IMU
Asynch
1320
VARIABLELEVERARM
Displays the re-calculated variable lever arm when a new
INPUTGIMBALANGLE command is received
Asynch
1321
GIMBALLEDPVA
Re-calculated gimballed position, velocity and attitude
Asynch
1327
TAGGEDMARK3PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark3 input
Synch
1328
TAGGEDMARK4PVA
Tagged version of log that outputs the position, velocity
and attitude when an event is received on the Mark4 input
Synch
96
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Chapter 5
Table 20: SPAN Logs for OEM6 - by Message ID (continued)
Message
ID
ASCII Name
Description
Type
1362
IMURATECORRIMUS
RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, earth’s rotation, and
sensor errors provided at full rate of IMU
Asynch
1382
HEAVE
Vessel heave computed by the integrated heave filter
Asynch
1429
BESTGNSSPOS
Best available GNSS position (without INS)
Synch
1430
BESTGNSSVEL
Best available GNSS velocity information (without INS)
Synch
1446
RELINSPVA
Relative INSPVA log
Asynch
1456
TSS1
Heave, roll and pitch information in TSS1 protocol
Synch
1457
INSATTX
Most recent attitude (roll, pitch and azimuth) measurements
(roll, pitch and azimuth) with attitude standard deviation
Synch
1458
INSVELX
Most recent North, East, and Up velocity vector values with
velocity standard deviation
Synch
1459
INSPOSX
Most recent position measurements with position standard
deviation
Synch
1461
RAWIMUX
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros (extended version for postprocessing)
Asynch
1462
RAWIMUSX
IMU status indicator and the measurements from the
accelerometers and gyros (extended version for postprocessing with short header)
Asynch
1465
INSPVAX
Most recent position, velocity and attitude with position,
velocity and attitude standard deviations
Synch
1708
SYNCHEAVE
Synchronous log containing the instantaneous Heave value
Synch
1709
DELAYEDHEAVE
Log containing the value of the delayed heave filter
Synch
1743
SYNCRELINSPVA
Synchronous Relative INSPVA log
Synch
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Chapter 5
5.2.1
INS Logs
BESTGNSSPOS
Best GNSS Position
This log contains the best available GNSS position (without INS) computed by the receiver. In addition, it
reports several status indicators, including differential age, which is useful in predicting anomalous behavior
brought about by outages in differential corrections. A differential age of 0 indicates that no differential
correction was used.
With the system operating in an RTK mode, this log reflects the latest low latency solution for up to 60
seconds after reception of the last base station observations. After this 60 second period, the position reverts
to the best solution available and the degradation in accuracy is reflected in the standard deviation fields. If
the system is not operating in an RTK mode, pseudo range differential solutions continue for the time
specified in the PSRDIFFTIMEOUT command, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual
(OM-20000129).

BESTGNSSPOS always outputs positions at the antenna phase center.
Message ID:
1429
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log bestgnssposa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#BESTGNSSPOSA,COM1,0,92.5,FINESTEERING,1692,332119.000,00000000,8505,43521;
SOL_COMPUTED,SINGLE,51.11635530655,-114.03819448382,1064.6283,-16.9000,WGS84,1.2612,
0.9535,2.7421,"",0.000,0.000,11,11,11,11,0,06,00,03*52d3f7c0
Field
98
Field type
Data Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
1
header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Sol Status
Solution status, see Table 21, Solution Status on page 99
Enum
4
H
3
Pos Type
Position type, see Table 22, Position or Velocity Type on page 100 Enum
4
H+4
4
Lat
Latitude
Double
8
H+8
5
Lon
Longitude
Double
8
H+16
6
Hgt
Height above mean sea level
Double
8
H+24
7
Undulation Undulation
Float
4
H+32
8
Datum ID
Datum ID (refer Table 25, Datum Transformation Parameters on
page 102)
Enum
4
H+36
9
Lat s
Latitude standard deviation
Float
4
H+40
10
Lon s
Longitude standard deviation
Float
4
H+44
11
Hgt s
Height standard deviation
Float
4
H+48
12
Stn ID
Base station ID
Char[4]
4
H+52
13
Diff_age
Differential age
Float
4
H+56
14
Sol_age
Solution age in seconds
Float
4
H+60
15
#obs
Number of observations tracked
Uchar
1
H+64
16
#solnSVs
Number of satellite solutions used in solution
Uchar
1
H+65
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INS Logs
Field
Chapter 5
Field type
Data Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
17
#L1
Number of GPS and GLONASS L1 ranges above the RTK mask
angle
Uchar
1
H+66
18
#L2
Number of GPS and GLONASS L2 ranges above the RTK mask
angle
Uchar
1
H+67
19
Reserved
Uchar
1
H+68
20
Uchar
1
H+69
21
Uchar
1
H+70
22
Uchar
1
H+71
23
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+72
24
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
Table 21: Solution Status
Binary
ASCII
Description
0
SOL_COMPUTED
Solution computed
1
INSUFFICIENT_OBS
Insufficient observations
2
NO_CONVERGENCE
No convergence
3
SINGULARITY
Singularity at parameters matrix
4
COV_TRACE
Covariance trace exceeds maximum (trace >1000 m)
5
TEST_DIST
Test distance exceeded (maximum of 3 rejections if distance >10 km)
6
COLD_START
Not yet converged from cold start
7
V_H_LIMIT
Height or velocity limits exceeded (in accordance with COCOM export
licensing restrictions)
8
VARIANCE
Variance exceeds limits
9
RESIDUALS
Residuals are too large
10-17
Reserved
18
PENDING
When a FIX POSITION command is entered, the receiver computes its
own position and determines if the fixed position is valid. a
19
INVALID_FIX
The fixed position, entered using the FIX POSITION command, is not valid.
a. PENDING implies not enough satellites are being tracked to verify if the FIX POSITION entered into the receiver is valid.
The receiver needs to track two or more GNSS satellites to perform this check. Under normal conditions, PENDING
should be seen for a few seconds on power up before the GNSS receiver locks onto the first few satellites. If the antenna
is obstructed (or not plugged in) and the FIX POSITION command was entered, then PENDING may display indefinitely.
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
Table 22: Position or Velocity Type
Position
Type (binary)
Description
0
NONE
No solution
1
FIXEDPOS
Position has been fixed by the FIX POSITION command or by
position averaging
2
FIXEDHEIGHT
Position has been fixed by the FIX HEIGHT, or FIX AUTO, command
or by position averaging
3
Reserved
4
FLOATCONV
Solution from floating point carrier phase ambiguities
5
WIDELANE
Solution from wide-lane ambiguities
6
NARROWLANE
Solution from narrow-lane ambiguities
7
Reserved
8
DOPPLER_VELOCITY
9-15
Velocity computed using instantaneous Doppler
Reserved
16
SINGLE
Single point position
17
PSRDIFF
Pseudorange differential solution
18
WAAS
Solution calculated using corrections from an SBAS
19
PROPOGATED
Propagated by a Kalman filter without new observations
20
OMNISTAR
OmniSTAR VBS position (L1 sub-meter) a
21-31
Reserved
32
L1_FLOAT
Floating L1 ambiguity solution
33
IONOFREE_FLOAT
Floating ionospheric free ambiguity solution
34
NARROW_FLOAT
Floating narrow-lane ambiguity solution
35-47
100
Position Type
(ASCII)
Reserved
48
L1_INT
Integer L1 ambiguity solution
49
WIDE_INT
Integer wide-lane ambiguity solution
50
NARROW_INT
Integer narrow-lane ambiguity solution
51
RTK_DIRECT_INS
RTK status where the RTK filter is directly initialized from the INS filterb
52
INS_SBAS
INS calculated position corrected for the antenna b
53
INS_PSRSP
INS pseudorange single point solution – no DGPS corrections b
54
INS_PSRDIFF
INS pseudorange differential solution b
55
INS_RTKFLOAT
INS RTK floating point ambiguities solution b
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INS Logs
Chapter 5
Table 22: Position or Velocity Type (continued)
Position
Type (binary)
Position Type
(ASCII)
Description
56
INS_RTKFIXED
INS RTK fixed ambiguities solution b
57
INS_OMNISTAR
INS OmniSTAR VBS position (L1 sub-meter) a
58
INS_OMNISTAR_HP
INS OmniSTAR high precision solution a
59
INS_OMNISTAR_XP
INS OmniSTAR extra precision solution a
60-63
Reserved
64
OMNISTAR_HP
OmniSTAR high precision a
65
OMNISTAR_XP
OmniSTAR extra precision a
66-67
Reserved
68
PPP_CONVERGING
Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution converging
69
PPP
Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution
70-72
Reserved
73
INS_PPP_Converging
INS NovAtel CORRECT Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution
converging
74
INS_PPP
INS NovAtel CORRECT Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution
a. In addition to a NovAtel receiver with L-Band capability, a subscription to the OmniSTAR service is required. Contact
NovAtel for details.
b. These types appear in position logs such as BESTPOS.
Table 23: Signal-Used Mask
Bit
Mask
0
0x01
GPS L1 used in Solution
1
0x02
GPS L2 used in Solution
2
0x04
GPS L5 used in Solution
3
0x08
Reserved
4
0x10
GLONASS L1 used in Solution
5
0x20
GLONASS L2 used in Solution
6-7
0x40-0x80
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Description
Reserved
101
Chapter 5
INS Logs
Table 24: Extended Solution Status
Bit
Mask
Description
0
0x01
AdVance RTK Verified
0: Not Verified
1: Verified
1-3
0x0E
Pseudorange Iono Correction
0: Unknowna
1: Klobuchar Broadcast
2: SBAS Broadcast
3: Multi-frequency Computed
4: PSRDiff Correction
5: NovAtel Blended Iono value
4-7
0xF0
Reserved
a. Unknown can indicate that the Iono Correction type is None or that
the default Klobuchar parameters are being used.
Table 25: Datum Transformation Parameters
Datum
ID# a
NAME
DX b
DY b
DZ b
DATUM DESCRIPTION
ELLIPSOID
1
ADIND
-162
-12
206
This datum has been updated, see ID# 65 c
Clarke 1880
2
ARC50
-143
-90
-294
ARC 1950 (SW & SE Africa)
Clarke 1880
3
ARC60
-160
-8
-300
This datum has been updated, see ID# 66 c
Clarke 1880
4
AGD66
-133
-48
148
Australian Geodetic Datum 1966
Australian National
5
AGD84
-134
-48
149
Australian Geodetic Datum 1984
Australian National
6
BUKIT
-384
664
-48
Bukit Rimpah (Indonesia)
Bessel 1841
7
ASTRO
-104
-129
239
Camp Area Astro (Antarctica)
International 1924
8
CHATM
175
-38
113
Chatham 1971 (New Zealand)
International 1924
9
CARTH
-263
6
431
Carthage (Tunisia)
Clarke 1880
10
CAPE
-136
-108
-292
CAPE (South Africa)
Clarke 1880
11
DJAKA
-377
681
-50
Djakarta (Indonesia)
Bessel 1841
12
EGYPT
-130
110
-13
Old Egyptian
Helmert 1906
13
ED50
-87
-98
-121
European 1950
International 1924
14
ED79
-86
-98
-119
European 1979
International 1924
15
GUNSG
-403
684
41
G. Segara (Kalimantan - Indonesia)
Bessel 1841
16
GEO49
84
-22
209
Geodetic Datum 1949 (New Zealand)
International 1924
17
GRB36
375
-111
431
Do not use. Use ID# 76 instead. d
Airy 1830
102
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INS Logs
Chapter 5
Table 25: Datum Transformation Parameters (continued)
Datum
ID# a
NAME
DX b
DY b
DZ b
DATUM DESCRIPTION
ELLIPSOID
18
GUAM
-100
-248
259
Guam 1963 (Guam Island)
Clarke 1866
19
HAWAII
89
-279
-183
Do not use. Use ID# 77 or ID# 81 instead. d
Clarke 1866
20
KAUAI
45
-290
-172
Do not use. Use ID# 78 or ID# 82 instead. d
Clarke 1866
21
MAUI
65
-290
-190
Do not use. Use ID# 79 or ID# 83 instead. d
Clarke 1866
22
OAHU
56
-284
-181
Do not use. Use ID# 80 or ID# 84 instead. d
Clarke 1866
23
HERAT
-333
-222
114
Herat North (Afghanistan)
International 1924
24
HJORS
-73
46
-86
Hjorsey 1955 (Iceland)
International 1924
25
HONGK
-156
-271
-189
Hong Kong 1963
International 1924
26
HUTZU
-634
-549
-201
This datum has been updated, see ID# 68 c
International 1924
27
INDIA
289
734
257
Do not use. Use ID# 69 or ID# 70 instead. d
Everest (EA)
28
IRE65
506
-122
611
Do not use. Use ID# 71 instead. d
Modified Airy
29
KERTA
-11
851
5
Kertau 1948 (West Malaysia and Singapore)
Everest (EE)
30
KANDA
-97
787
86
Kandawala (Sri Lanka)
Everest (EA)
31
LIBER
-90
40
88
Liberia 1964
Clarke 1880
32
LUZON
-133
-77
-51
Do not use. Use ID# 72 instead. d
Clarke 1866
33
MINDA
-133
-70
-72
This datum has been updated, see ID# 73 c
Clarke 1866
34
MERCH
31
146
47
Merchich (Morocco)
Clarke 1880
35
NAHR
-231
-196
482
This datum has been updated, see ID# 74 c
Clarke 1880
36
NAD83
0
0
0
N. American 1983 (Includes Areas 37-42)
GRS-80
37
CANADA
-10
158
187
N. American Canada 1927
Clarke 1866
38
ALASKA
-5
135
172
N. American Alaska 1927
Clarke 1866
39
NAD27
-8
160
176
N. American Conus 1927
Clarke 1866
40
CARIBB
-7
152
178
This datum has been updated, see ID# 75 c
Clarke 1866
41
MEXICO
-12
130
190
N. American Mexico
Clarke 1866
42
CAMER
0
125
194
N. American Central America
Clarke 1866
43
MINNA
-92
-93
122
Nigeria (Minna)
Clarke 1880
44
OMAN
-346
-1
224
Oman
Clarke 1880
45
PUERTO
11
72
-101
Puerto Rica and Virgin Islands
Clarke 1866
46
QORNO
164
138
-189
Qornoq (South Greenland)
International 1924
47
ROME
-255
-65
9
Rome 1940 Sardinia Island
International 1924
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
Table 25: Datum Transformation Parameters (continued)
Datum
ID# a
NAME
DX b
DY b
DZ b
DATUM DESCRIPTION
ELLIPSOID
48
CHUA
-134
229
-29
South American Chua Astro (Paraguay)
International 1924
49
SAM56
-288
175
-376
South American (Provisional 1956)
International 1924
50
SAM69
-57
1
-41
South American 1969
S. American 1969
51
CAMPO
-148
136
90
S. American Campo Inchauspe (Argentina)
International 1924
52
SACOR
-206
172
-6
South American Corrego Alegre (Brazil)
International 1924
53
YACAR
-155
171
37
South American Yacare (Uruguay)
International 1924
54
TANAN
-189
-242
-91
Tananarive Observatory 1925 (Madagascar)
International 1924
55
TIMBA
-689
691
-46
This datum has been updated, see ID# 85 c
Everest (EB)
56
TOKYO
-128
481
664
This datum has been updated, see ID# 86 c
Bessel 1841
57
TRIST
-632
438
-609
Tristan Astro 1968 (Tristan du Cunha)
International 1924
58
VITI
51
391
-36
Viti Levu 1916 (Fiji Islands)
Clarke 1880
59
WAK60
101
52
-39
This datum has been updated, see ID# 67 c
Hough 1960
60
WGS72
0
0
4.5
World Geodetic System - 72
WGS72
61
WGS84
0
0
0
World Geodetic System - 84
WGS84
62
ZANDE
-265
120
-358
Zanderidj (Surinam)
International 1924
63
USER
0
0
0
User Defined Datum Defaults
User a
64
CSRS
65
ADIM
-166
-15
204
Adindan (Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal & Sudan) c
Clarke 1880
66
ARSM
-160
-6
-302
ARC 1960 (Kenya, Tanzania) c
Clarke 1880
67
ENW
102
52
-38
Wake-Eniwetok (Marshall Islands) c
Hough 1960
68
HTN
-637
-549
-203
Hu-Tzu-Shan (Taiwan) c
International 1924
69
INDB
282
726
254
Indian (Bangladesh) d
Everest (EA)
70
INDI
295
736
257
Indian (India, Nepal) d
Everest (EA)
71
IRL
506
-122
611
Ireland 1965 d
Modified Airy
72
LUZA
-133
-77
-51
Luzon (Philippines excluding Mindanoa Is.) de Clarke 1866
73
LUZB
-133
-79
-72
Mindanoa Island c
Clarke 1866
74
NAHC
-243
-192
477
Nahrwan (Saudi Arabia) c
Clarke 1880
75
NASP
-3
142
183
N. American Caribbean c
Clarke 1866
76
OGBM
375
-111
431
Great Britain 1936 (Ordinance Survey) d
Airy 1830
77
OHAA
89
-279
-183
Hawaiian Hawaii d
Clarke 1866
104
Time-variable 7 parameter transformation
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INS Logs
Chapter 5
Table 25: Datum Transformation Parameters (continued)
Datum
ID# a
NAME
DX b
DY b
DZ b
DATUM DESCRIPTION
ELLIPSOID
78
OHAB
45
-290
-172
Hawaiian Kauai d
Clarke 1866
79
OHAC
65
-290
-190
Hawaiian Maui d
Clarke 1866
80
OHAD
58
-283
-182
Hawaiian Oahu d
Clarke 1866
81
OHIA
229
-222
-348
Hawaiian Hawaii d
International 1924
82
OHIB
185
-233
-337
Hawaiian Kauai d
International 1924
83
OHIC
205
-233
-355
Hawaiian Maui d
International 1924
84
OHID
198
-226
-347
Hawaiian Oahu d
International 1924
85
TIL
-679
669
-48
Timbalai (Brunei and East Malaysia) 1948 c
Everest (EB)
86
TOYM
-148
507
685
Tokyo (Japan, Korea and Okinawa) c
Bessel 1841
a. The default user datum is WGS84. See also the USERDATUM and USEREXPDATUM commands. The following logs
report the datum used according to the OEM card Datum ID column: BESTPOS, BESTUTM, MATCHEDPOS and
PSRPOS. Descriptions of these commands and logs are available in the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual
(OM-20000129).
b. The DX, DY and DZ offsets are from your local datum to WGS84.
c. The updated datum have the new x, y and z translation values updated to the latest numbers. The old datum values can
still be used for backwards compatibility.
d. Use the corrected datum only (with the higher ID#) as the old datum is incorrect.
e. The original LUZON values are the same as for LUZA but the original has an error in the code.
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Chapter 5
5.2.2
INS Logs
BESTGNSSVEL
Best Available GNSS Velocity Data
This log contains the best available GNSS velocity information (without INS) computed by the receiver. In
addition, it reports a velocity status indicator, which is useful to indicate whether or not the corresponding
data is valid. The velocity measurements sometimes have a latency associated with them. The time of
validity is the time tag in the log minus the latency value.
The velocity is typically computed from the average change in pseudorange over the time interval or the RTK
Low Latency filter. As such, it is an average velocity based on the time difference between successive
position computations and not an instantaneous velocity at the BESTGNSSVEL time tag. The velocity
latency to be subtracted from the time tag is normally half the time between filter updates. Under default
operation, the positioning filters are updated at a rate of 2 Hz. This translates into a velocity latency of 0.25
seconds. The latency is reduced by increasing the update rate of the positioning filter used by requesting the
BESTGNSSVEL or BESTGNSSPOS messages at a rate higher than 2 Hz. For example, a logging rate of 10
Hz reduces the velocity latency to 0.005 seconds. For integration purposes, the velocity latency should be
applied to the record time tag.
A valid solution with a latency of 0.0 indicates the instantaneous Doppler measurement was used to calculate
velocity.
Message ID:
1430
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log bestgnssvela ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#BESTGNSSVELA,COM1,0,91.5,FINESTEERING,1692,332217.000,00000000,00b0,43521;
SOL_COMPUTED,DOPPLER_VELOCITY,0.150,0.000,0.0168,323.193320,0.0232,0.0*159c13ad
Field
Field type
Data Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Sol Status
Solution status, see Table 21, Solution Status on page 99
Enum
4
H
3
Vel Type
Velocity type, see Table 22, Position or Velocity Type on
page 100
Enum
4
H+4
4
Latency
A measure of the latency in the velocity time tag in seconds. It
should be subtracted from the time to give improved results.
Float
4
H+8
5
Age
Differential age
Float
4
H+12
6
Hor Spd
Horizontal speed over ground, in metres per second
Double
8
H+16
7
Trk Gnd
Actual direction of motion over ground (track over ground) with Double
respect to True North, in degrees
8
H+24
8
Vert Spd
Vertical speed, in metres per second, where positive values
indicate increasing altitude (up) and negative values indicate
decreasing altitude (down)
Double
8
H+32
9
Reserved
Float
4
H+40
10
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+44
11
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.3
Chapter 5
BESTLEVERARM
IMU to Antenna Lever Arm
The BESTLEVERARM log contains the distance between the IMU center of navigation and the primary
GNSS antenna phase center in the IMU enclosure frame and its associated uncertainties. If the lever arm
was entered using the SETIMUTOANTOFFSET command, see SETIMUTOANTOFFSET on page 71, these
values are reflected in this log. When the lever arm calibration is complete, see LEVERARMCALIBRATE on
page 57, the solved values are also output in this log.
The values in the BESTLEVERARM log is also available in the IMUTOANTOFFSETS log, see page 118.
The default X (pitch), Y (roll) and Z (azimuth) directions of the IMU enclosure frame are clearly marked on the
IMU, see Figure 2, Frame of Reference on page 66.
Message ID:
674
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log bestleverarma onchanged
ASCII Example:
#BESTLEVERARMA,COM1,0,83.5,UNKNOWN,0,2.983,00000008,39e4,35484;0.3934000000000000,
-1.2995000000000001,0.0105500000000000,0.0300000000000000,0.0300000000000000,
0.0300000000000000,4*876c47ad
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
X Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H
3
Y Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+8
4
Z Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+16
5
X Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+24
6
Y Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+32
7
Z Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+40
8
iMapping
See Table 18, Full Mapping Definitions on page 68
Integer
4
H+48
9
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+52
10
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.4
INS Logs
BESTLEVERARM2
IMU to Antenna Lever Arm
The BESTLEVERARM2 log contains the distance between the IMU center of navigation and the secondary
GNSS antenna phase center in the IMU enclosure frame. The second lever arm cannot be calibrated so must
be entered using the SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2 command, see SETIMUTOANTOFFSET2 on page 73.
The values in the BESTLEVERARM2 log is also available in the IMUTOANTOFFSETS log, see page 118.
The default X (pitch), Y (roll) and Z (azimuth) directions of the IMU enclosure frame are clearly marked on the
IMU, see Figure 2, Frame of Reference on page 66.
Message ID:
1256
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log bestleverarm2a onchanged
ASCII Example:
#BESTLEVERARM2A,COM1,0,83.5,UNKNOWN,0,2.983,00000008,39e4,35484;0.3934000000000000,
-1.2995000000000001,0.0105500000000000,0.0300000000000000,0.0300000000000000,
0.0300000000000000,4*876c47ad
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
X Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H
3
Y Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+8
4
Z Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+16
5
X Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+24
6
Y Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+32
7
Z Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+40
8
iMapping
See Table 18, Full Mapping Definitions on page 68
Integer
4
H+48
9
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+52
10
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
108
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INS Logs
5.2.5
Chapter 5
BESTPOS
Best Position
This log contains the best available combined GNSS and Inertial Navigation System (INS - if available)
position (in metres) computed by the receiver. In addition, it reports several status indicators, including
differential age, which is useful in predicting anomalous behavior brought about by outages in differential
corrections. A differential age of 0 indicates that no differential correction was used.
With the system operating in an RTK mode, this log reflects the latest low-latency solution for up to 60
seconds after reception of the last base station observations. After this 60 second period, the position reverts
to the best solution available; the degradation in accuracy is reflected in the standard deviation fields. If the
system is not operating in an RTK mode, pseudo range differential solutions continue for the time specified in
the PSRDIFFTIMEOUT command, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual (OM-20000129).

BESTPOS always outputs positions at the antenna phase center.
Message ID:
42
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log bestposa ontime 1
ASCII Example 1:
#BESTPOSA,COM1,0,83.5,FINESTEERING,1419,336148.000,00000040,6145,2724;SOL_COMPUTED,
SINGLE,51.11636418888,-114.03832502118,1064.9520,-16.2712,WGS84,1.6961,1.3636,
3.6449,"",0.000,0.000,8,8,0,0,0,06,0,03*6f63a93d
ASCII Example 2:
#BESTPOSA,COM1,0,78.5,FINESTEERING,1419,336208.000,00000040,6145,2724;SOL_COMPUTED,
NARROW_INT,51.11635910984,-114.03833105168,1063.8416,-16.2712, WGS84,0.0135,0.0084,
0.0172,"AAAA",1.000,0.000,8,8,8,8,0,01,0,03*3d9fbd48
Field
Field type
Data Description
1
BESTPOS
header
Log header
2
sol stat
Solution status, see Table 21, Solution Status on page 99
3
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
H
0
Enum
4
H
pos type
Position type, see Table 22, Position or Velocity Type on page 100 Enum
4
H+4
4
lat
Latitude
Double
8
H+8
5
lon
Longitude
Double
8
H+16
6
hgt
Height above mean sea level
Double
8
H+24
7
undulation
Undulation - the relationship between the geoid and the ellipsoid Float
(m) of the chosen datum a
4
H+32
8
datum id#
Datum ID number, see Table 25, Datum Transformation
Parameters on page 102
Enum
4
H+36
9
lat 
Latitude standard deviation (m)
Float
4
H+40
10
lon 
Longitude standard deviation (m)
Float
4
H+44
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Chapter 5
Field
INS Logs
Field type
Data Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
11
hgt 
Height standard deviation (m)
Float
4
H+48
12
stn id
Base station ID
Char[4]
4
H+52
13
diff_age
Differential age in seconds
Float
4
H+56
14
sol_age
Solution age in seconds
Float
4
H+60
15
#SVs
Number of satellite vehicles tracked
Uchar
1
H+64
16
#solnSVs
Number of satellite vehicles used in solution
Uchar
1
H+65
17
#ggL1
Number of GPS and GLONASS L1 used in RTK solution
Uchar
1
H+66
18
#ggL1L2
Number of GPS and GLONASS L1 and L2 used in RTK solution
Uchar
1
H+67
19
Reserved
Uchar
1
H+68
20
ext sol stat
Extended solution status (see Table 24, Extended Solution Status Hex
on page 102)
1
H+69
21
Reserved
Hex
1
H+70
22
sig mask
Signals used mask - if 0, signals used in solution are unknown
(see Table 23, Signal-Used Mask on page 101)
Hex
1
H+71
23
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
1
H+72
24
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
a. When using a datum other than WGS84, the undulation value also includes the vertical shift due to differences between
the datum in use and WGS84
110
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5.2.6
Chapter 5
CORRIMUDATA
Corrected IMU Measurements
The CORRIMUDATA log contains the RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, the earth’s rotation and estimated
sensor errors. The values in this log are instantaneous incremental values, in units of radians for the attitude
rate and m/s for the accelerations. To get the full attitude rate and acceleration values, multiply the values in
the CORRIMUDATA log by the data rate of the IMU in Hz.

The short header format, CORRIMUDATAS, is recommended, as it is for all high data rate logs.
CORRIMUDATA can be logged with the ONTIME trigger, up to the full data rate of the IMU.

Since the CORRIMUDATA values are instantaneous, if you log at a rate less than full data rate
of the IMU, the corrected IMU data is received at the epoch closest to the requested time
interval.
For asynchronous, full rate data, see IMURATECORRIMUS on page 116.
If the IMU is mounted with the z-axis pointed up, as marked on the enclosure, the SPAN computation frame is
the same as the IMU enclosure frame. The x, y, and z axes referenced in this log are of the SPAN
computational frame by default. For more information on how the SPAN computational frame relates to the
IMU enclosure frame, see the relevant SPAN User Manual and the SETIMUORIENTATION command on
page 66. If the APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION command has been enabled (see page 35), the values in
CORRIMUDATA log are in the vehicle frame, not the SPAN computation frame.
Message ID:
812
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log corrimudatab ontime 0.01
Example log:
#CORRIMUDATAA,COM1,0,77.5,FINESTEERING,1769,237601.000,00000020,bdba,12597;1769,
237601.000000000,-0.000003356,0.000002872,0.000001398,0.000151593,0.000038348,
-0.000078820*1f7eb709
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS week
Ulong
4
H+
3
Seconds
GNSS seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
PitchRate
About x axis rotation
Double
8
H+12
5
RollRate
About y axis rotation
Double
8
H+20
6
YawRate
About z axis rotation (Right-handed)
Double
8
H+28
7
LateralAcc
INS Lateral Acceleration (along x axis)
Double
8
H+36
8
LongitudinalAcc
INS Longitudinal Acceleration (along y axis)
Double
8
H+44
9
VerticalAcc
INS Vertical Acceleration (along z axis)
Double
8
H+52
10
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+56
11
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.7
INS Logs
CORRIMUDATAS
Short Corrected IMU Measurements
The CORRIMUDATAS log is the short header version of the CORRIMUDATA log (page 111) This log contains
the RAWIMU data corrected for gravity, the earth’s rotation and estimated sensor errors. The values in this
log are instantaneous, incremental values, in units of radians for the attitude rate and m/s for the
accelerations. To get the full attitude rate and acceleration values, multiply the values in the
CORRIMUDATAS log by the data rate of your IMU in Hz.
CORRIMUDATAS can be logged with the ONTIME trigger, up to the full data rate of the IMU.

Since the CORRIMUDATA values are instantaneous, if you log at a rate less than full data rate
of the IMU, the corrected IMU data is received at the epoch closest to the requested time
interval.
For asynchronous, full rate data, see IMURATECORRIMUS on page 116.
If the IMU is mounted with the z-axis pointed up, as marked on the enclosure, the SPAN computation frame is
the same as the IMU enclosure frame. The x, y, and z axes referenced in this log are of the SPAN
computational frame by default. For more information on how the SPAN computational frame relates to the
IMU enclosure frame, see the relevant SPAN User Manual and the SETIMUORIENTATION command on
page 66. If the APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION command has been enabled (see page 35), the values in
CORRIMUDATAS log are in the vehicle frame, not the SPAN computation frame.
Message ID:
813
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log corrimudatasb ontime 0.01
Example log:
%CORRIMUDATASA,1581,341553.000;1581,341552.997500000,-0.000000690,-0.000001549,
0.000001654,0.000061579,-0.000012645,-0.000029988*770c6232
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS week
Ulong
4
H+
3
Seconds
GNSS seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
PitchRate
About x-axis rotation
Double
8
H+12
5
RollRate
About y-axis rotation
Double
8
H+20
6
YawRate
About z-axis rotation (right-handed)
Double
8
H+28
7
LateralAcc
INS Lateral Acceleration (along x-axis)
Double
8
H+36
8
LongitudinalAcc
INS Longitudinal Acceleration (along y-axis)
Double
8
H+44
9
VerticalAcc
INS Vertical Acceleration (along z-axis)
Double
8
H+52
10
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+56
11
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.8
Chapter 5
DELAYEDHEAVE
Delayed Heave Filter
This log contains the value of the delayed heave filter.
The heave filter must be enabled using the HEAVEFILTER command, see page 47, before this log is
available.
Message ID:
1709
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log delayedheavea ontime 0.1
ASCII example:
#DELAYEDHEAVEA,COM1,0,72.0,FINESTEERING,1769,237598.000,00000020,27a3,12597;
0.000080643,0.086274510*85cdb46d
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Delayed Heave
Delayed heave value
Double
8
H
3
Std. Dev.
Standard deviation of the delayed heave value
Double
8
H+8
4
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+16
5
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.9
INS Logs
GIMBALLEDPVA
Display Gimballed Position
Use the GIMBALLEDPVA log to view the re-calculated gimballed position, velocity and attitude whenever a
new INPUTGIMBALANGLE command is received.

The log is not output until the INS alignment is complete.
Message ID:
1321
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log gimballedpvaa onnew
ASCII Example:
#GIMBALLEDPVAA,COM1,0,93.5,FINESTEERING,1635,320568.514,00000000,0000,407;1635,
320568.514000000,51.116376614,-114.038259915,1046.112025828,-0.000291756,-0.000578067,
0.030324466,-0.243093917,-0.127718304,19.495023227, INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE*32fbb61b
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Week
GPS week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
WGS84 latitude in degrees
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
WGS84 longitude in degrees
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
WGS84 ellipsoidal height
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity
Velocity in a northerly direction
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an upward direction
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around the yaxis in degrees
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around the xaxis in degrees
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Right-handed rotation from local level around the zaxis in degrees
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.10 HEAVE
Heave Filter Log
This log provides vessel heave computed by the integrated heave filter. Refer also to information in
SETHEAVEWINDOW on page 65. This log is asynchronous, but is available at approximately 10 Hz.
You must have an inertial solution to use this log.
The heave filter must be enabled using the HEAVEFILTER command, see page 47, before this log is
available.
Message ID:
1382
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log heavea onnew
Example:
#HEAVEA,USB1,0,38.5,FINESTEERING,1630,232064.599,00000000,a759,6696;1630,232064.58988539
2,0.086825199*93392cb4
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Heave
Instantaneous heave in metres
Double
8
H+12
5
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+20
6
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII Only)
-
-
-
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5.2.11 IMURATECORRIMUS
Asynchronous Corrected IMU Data
This log provides the same information as the CORRIMUDATA log, but is available asynchronously at the full
rate of the IMU.

Using this log consumes significant system resources and should only be used by experienced
users.
To use this log, asynchronous logging must be enabled. See ASYNCHINSLOGGING on page 36.
Message ID:
1362
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log imuratecorrimus
Example log:
%IMURATECORRIMUSA,1581,341553.000;1581,341552.997500000,-0.000000690,-0.000001549,
0.000001654,0.000061579,-0.000012645,-0.000029988*770c6232
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS week
Ulong
4
H+
3
Seconds
GNSS seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
PitchRate
About x axis rotation (m/s/sample)
Double
8
H+12
5
RollRate
About y axis rotation (m/s/sample)
Double
8
H+20
6
YawRate
About z axis rotation (right-handed)
(m/s/sample)
Double
8
H+28
7
LateralAcc
INS Lateral Acceleration (along x-axis)
(m/s/sample)
Double
8
H+36
8
LongitudinalAcc
INS Longitudinal Acceleration (along y-axis)
(m/s/sample)
Double
8
H+44
9
VerticalAcc
INS Vertical Acceleration (along z-axis)
(m/s/sample)
Double
8
H+52
10
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+56
11
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.12 IMURATEPVAS
Asynchronous INS Position, Velocity and Attitude
This log provides the same information as the INSPVAS log, but is available asynchronously at the full rate of
the IMU.

Using this log consumes significant system resources and should only be used by experienced
users.
To use this log, asynchronous logging must be enabled. See ASYNCHINSLOGGING on page 36.
Message ID:
1305
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log imuratepvas
ASCII Example:
%IMURATEPVASA,1264,144059.000;1264,144059.002135700,51.116680071,-114.037929194,
515.286704183,277.896368884,84.915188605,-8.488207941,0.759619515,-2.892414901,
6.179554750,INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE*855d6f76
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Ellipsoidal Height (WGS84) [m]
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a southerly Double
direction) [m/s]
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a westerly Double
direction) [m/s]
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction [m/s]
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in degrees Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in degrees Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise from Double
North
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121 Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.13 IMUTOANTOFFSETS
IMU to Antenna(s) Lever Arm
This log contains the distance between the IMU and the GNSS antenna(s) in the IMU enclosure frame and its
associated uncertainties. This log contains the same information as the BESTLEVERARM logs for each lever
arm, but is intended as a single source for all lever arm information available on the system.
Message ID:
1270
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log imutoantoffsetsa onchanged
ASCII Example:
#IMUTOANTOFFSETSA,COM1,0,98.5,FINESTEERING,1581,339209.733,60000041,0000,265;0,1,
LEVER_ARM_PRIMARY,-0.326000000,0.126000000,1.285000000,0.032600000,0.012600000,
0.128500000,LEVER_ARM_FROM_COMMAND*8f0f90b5
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
IMU Orientation
See Table 14, IMU Type on page 38
ULong
4
H
3
Number of Entries Number of stored lever arms
ULong
4
H+4
4
Lever Arm Type
Type of lever arm. See Table 26, Lever Arm Type Enum
on page 119.
4
H+8
5
X Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+12
6
Y Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+20
7
Z Offset
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+28
8
X Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+36
9
Y Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+44
10
Z Uncertainty
IMU Enclosure Frame (m)
Double
8
H+52
11
Lever Arm Source Source of the lever arm. See Table 27, Lever Arm Enum
Source on page 119 for the different values
4
H+60
12…
Next component offset = H + 8 + (#comp * 56)
variable XXXX
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+8+
(#comp*56)
variable [CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Table 26: Lever Arm Type
Value
(binary)
Lever Arm Source (ASCII)
Description
0
LEVER_ARM_INVALID
An invalid lever arm.
1
LEVER_ARM_PRIMARY
Primary lever arm entered for all SPAN systems.
2
LEVER_ARM_SECONDARY
Secondary lever arm entered for dual-antenna SPAN
systems.
Table 27: Lever Arm Source
Value
(binary)
Lever Arm Source (ASCII)
Description
0
LEVER_ARM_NONE
No lever arm exists.
1
LEVER_ARM_FROM_NVM
Lever arm restored from NVM.
2
LEVER_ARM_CALIBRATING
Lever arm currently calibrating.
3
LEVER_ARM_CALIBRATED
Lever arm computed from calibration routine.
4
LEVER_ARM_FROM_COMMAND
Lever arm entered via command.
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5.2.14 INSATT
INS Attitude
This log contains the most recent attitude measurements corresponding to the SPAN frame axis according to
how the IMU was installed and configured. The attitude measurements may not correspond to other
definitions of the terms pitch, roll and azimuth. If the IMU z-axis (as marked on the enclosure) is not pointing
up, the output attitude is with respect to the SPAN computational frame, and not the frame marked on the
enclosure. See SETIMUORIENTATION on page 66 to determine what the SPAN computation frame will be,
given how your IMU is mounted. To output the attitude in the vehicle frame, see page 35 for information about
the APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION command.
Message ID:
263
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insatta ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#INSATTA,USB2,0,14.5,FINESTEERING,1541,487970.000,00040000,5b35,37343;1541,487970.000549
050,1.876133508,-4.053672765,328.401460897,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*ce4ac533
Field
Field Type
Data Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis Double
in degrees.
8
H+12
5
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis Double
in degrees.
8
H+20
6
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees
clockwise from North.
Double
8
H+28
This is the inertial azimuth calculated from the IMU
gyros and the SPAN filters.
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121.
Enum
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Table 28: Inertial Solution Status
Binary
ASCII
Description
0
INS_INACTIVE
IMU logs are present, but the alignment routine has not
started; INS is inactive.
1
INS_ALIGNING
INS is in alignment mode.
2
INS_HIGH_VARIANCE
The INS solution is in navigation mode but the azimuth solution
uncertainty has exceeded the threshold. The default threshold
is 2 degrees for most IMUs.a The solution is still valid but you
should monitor the solution uncertainty in the INSCOV log.
You may encounter this state during times when the GNSS,
used to aid the INS, is absent.
3
INS_SOLUTION_GOOD
The INS filter is in navigation mode and the INS solution is
good.
6
INS_SOLUTION_FREE
The INS filter is in navigation mode and the GNSS solution is
suspected to be in error.
This may be due to multipath or limited satellite visibility. The
inertial filter has rejected the GNSS position and is waiting for
the solution quality to improve.
7
INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE
The INS filter is in navigation mode, but not enough vehicle
dynamics have been experienced for the system to be within
specifications.
8
DETERMINING_ORIENTATION
INS is determining the IMU axis aligned with gravity.
9
WAITING_INITIALPOS
The INS filter has determined the IMU orientation and is
awaiting an initial position estimate to begin the alignment
process.
a. This value is configured using the INSTHRESHOLDS command. See INSTHRESHOLDS on page 51.
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5.2.15 INSATTS
Short INS Attitude
This log is the short header version of the INSATT log (page 120).
Message ID:
319
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insattsa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
%INSATTSA,1541,487975.000;1541,487975.000549050,2.755452422,-4.127365126,323.289778434,
INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*ba08754f
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis Double
in degrees
8
H+12
5
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis Double
in degrees
8
H+20
6
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees
clockwise from North
Double
8
H+28
This is the inertial azimuth calculated from the IMU
gyros and the SPAN filters.
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on Enum
page 121
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.16 INSATTX
Inertial Attitude – Extended
This log includes the information from the INSATT log, as well as information about the velocity standard
deviation. The position type and solution status fields indicate whether or not the corresponding data is valid.

The INSATTX log is a large log and is not recommend for high rate logging.
If you want to use high rate logging, log the INSATTS log at a high rate and the INSCOVS log
ontime 1.
Message ID:
1457
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insattxa ontime 1
ASCII example:
#INSATTXA,COM1,0,81.0,FINESTEERING,1690,494542.000,00000040,5d25,43441;
INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE,INS_PSRSP,1.137798832,-0.163068414,135.754208544,0.017797431,
0.017861038,3.168394804,4,0*f944b004
Field
Field Type
Description
1
INSATTX Header
Log header
2
INS Status
Solution status
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
3
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
Enum
4
H
Pos Type
Position type
Enum
See Table 29, Position or Velocity Type on page 124
4
H+4
4
Roll
Roll in Local Level (degrees)
Double
8
H+8
5
Pitch
Pitch in Local Level (degrees)
Double
8
H+16
6
Azimuth
Azimuth in Local Level (degrees)
Double
8
H+24
This is the inertial azimuth calculated from the IMU
gyros and the SPAN filters.
7
Roll σ
Roll standard deviation (degrees)
Float
4
H+32
8
Pitch σ
Pitch standard deviation (degrees)
Float
4
H+36
9
Azimuth σ
Azimuth standard deviation (degrees)
Float
4
H+40
10
Ext sol stat
Extended solution status
Hex
See Table 30, Extended Solution Status on page 124
4
H+44
11
Time Since
Update
Elapsed time since the last ZUPT or position update
(seconds)
Ushort
2
H+48
11
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+50
12
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Table 29: Position or Velocity Type
Binary
0
ASCII
Description
NONE
No Solution
1-51
Reserved
52
INS_SBAS
INS SBAS solution
53
INS_PSRSP
INS pseudorange single point solution - no DGPS corrections
54
INS_PSRDIFF
INS pseudorange differential solution
55
INS_RTKFLOAT
INS RTK floating point ambiguities solution
56
INS_RTKFIXED
INS RTK fixed ambiguities solution
57
INS_OMNISTAR
INS OmniSTAR VBS position (L1 sub-meter)
58
INS_OMNISTAR_HP
INS OmniSTAR high precision solution
59
INS_OMNISTAR_XP
INS OmniSTAR extra precision solution
60-72
Reserved
73
INS_PPP_Converging
INS NovAtel CORRECT Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution
converging
74
INS_PPP
INS NovAtel CORRECT Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution
Table 30: Extended Solution Status
Bit
124
Mask
Description
0
0x00000001
A position update was applied in the last update epoch.
1
0x00000002
A phase update was applied in the last update epoch.
2
0x00000004
A ZUPT was applied in the last update epoch.
3
0x00000008
A wheel sensor update was applied in the last update epoch.
4
0x00000010
A heading (ALIGN) update was applied in the last update epoch.
5
0x00000020
Reserved
6
0x00000040
The INS solution has converged error estimates.
7
0x00000080 0x80000000
Reserved
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Chapter 5
5.2.17 INSCOV
INS Covariance Matrices
The position, attitude and velocity matrices in this log each contain 9 covariance values, with respect to the
local level frame. For the attitude angles, they are given in the SPAN computation frame, as follows:
variance about
x rotation
angle “pitch”
xx xy xz
yx yy yz
zx zy zz
variance about
y rotation
angle “roll”
variance about
z rotation
angle “azimuth” or “yaw”
and are displayed within the log output as:
...,xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz,...
These values are computed once per second and are available before and after alignment.
Message ID:
264
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log inscova ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#INSCOVA,COM1,0,65.0,FINESTEERING,1724,219604.009,00000040,0929,30019;1724,
219604.000000000,0.1285331446664655,0.0346617784498892,-0.1479079453018866,
0.0346617784498892,0.2902226803503227,0.2254840962138562,-0.1479079453018865,
0.2254840962138562,1.2153278719243952,0.0315677907853296,-0.0005084795762484,
0.0001477207864819,-0.0005084795762484,0.0251931017171569,0.0002612907385699,
0.0001477207864819,0.0002612907385699,0.0359258489923869,0.0030912934913378,
0.0008584993488541,-0.0048141355877257,0.0008584993488541,0.0074998390999675,
0.0071447656377662,-0.0048141355877257,0.0071447656377662,0.0300191236990451*7e3c6fb8
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Position Covariance Position covariance matrix in local level frame
(metres squared)
List of 9
Doubles
72
H+12
5
Attitude Covariance
Attitude covariance matrix in local level frame.
List of 9
(degrees squared – rotation around the given axis) Doubles
72
H+84
6
Velocity Covariance
Velocity covariance matrix in local level frame.
(metres/second squared)
List of 9
Doubles
72
H+156
7
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+228
8
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.18 INSCOVS
Short INS Covariance Log
This is the short header version of the INSCOV log (page 125). These values are computed once per
second.
Message ID:
320
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log inscovsa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
%INSCOVSA,1105,425385.020;1105,425385.000000000,0.0997319969301073,
-0.0240959791179416,-0.0133921499963209,-0.0240959791179416,0.1538605784734939,
0.0440068023663888,-0.0133921499963210,0.0440068023663887,0.4392033415009359,
0.0034190251365443,0.0000759398593357,-0.1362852812808768,0.0000759398593363,
0.0032413999569636,-0.0468473344270137,-0.1362852812808786,-0.0468473344270131,
117.5206493841025100,0.0004024901765302,-0.0000194916086028,0.0000036582459112,
-0.0000194916086028,0.0004518869575566,0.0000204616202028,0.0000036582459112,
0.0000204616202028,0.0005095575483948*1fc92787
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Position Covariance
Position covariance matrix in local level frame.
(metres squared) xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz
List of 9
Doubles
72
H+12
5
Attitude Covariance
Attitude covariance matrix of the SPAN frame to the List of 9
Doubles
local level frame. See page 125 for an example.
(degrees squared – rotation around the given axis)
xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz
72
H+84
6
Velocity Covariance Velocity covariance matrix in local level frame.
(metres/second squared) xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz
List of 9
Doubles
72
H+156
7
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+228
8
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.19 INSPOS
INS Position
This log contains the most recent position measurements in WGS84 coordinates and includes an INS status
indicator. The log reports the position at the IMU center, unless the SETINSOFFSET command is issued, see
page 77.
Message ID:
265
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insposa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#INSPOSA,USB2,0,18.0,FINESTEERING,1541,487977.000,00040000,17cd,37343;1541, 487977.
000549050,51.121315135,-114.042311349,1038.660737046,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD *2fffd557
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Ellipsoidal Height (WGS84) [m]
Double
8
H+28
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on Enum
page 121
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.20 INSPOSS
Short INS Position
This log is the short header version of the INSPOS log (page 127).
Message ID:
321
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log inspossa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
%INSPOSSA,1541,487916.000;1541,487916.000549050,51.115797277,-114.037811065,
1039.030700122,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*5ca30894
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Ellipsoidal Height (WGS84) [m]
Double
8
H+28
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121
Enum
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.21 INSPOSX
Inertial Position – Extended
This log includes the information from the INSPOS log, as well as information about the position standard
deviation. The position type and solution status fields indicate whether or not the corresponding data is valid.

The INSPOSX log is a large log and is not recommend for high rate logging.
If you want to use high rate logging, log the INSPOSS log at a high rate and the INSCOVS log
ontime 1.
Message ID:
1459
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insposxa ontime 1
ASCII example:
#INSPOSXA,COM1,0,79.0,FINESTEERING,1690,493465.000,00000040,7211,43441;INS_SOLUTION_GOOD
,INS_PSRSP,51.11637750859,-114.03826206294,1049.1191,0.4883,0.4765,0.8853,3,0*dee048ab
Field
Field Type
Description
1
INSPOSX Header Log header
2
INS Status
Solution status
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
3
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
Enum
4
H
Pos Type
Position type
Enum
See Table 29, Position or Velocity Type on page 124
4
H+4
4
Lat
Latitude
Double
8
H+8
5
Long
Longitude
Double
8
H+16
6
Height
Orthometric height (m)
Double
8
H+24
7
Undulation
Undulation (m)
Float
4
H+32
8
Lat σ
Latitude standard deviation
Float
4
H+36
9
Long σ
Longitude standard deviation
Float
4
H+34
10
Height σ
Height standard deviation
Float
4
H+44
11
Ext sol stat
Extended solution status
Hex
See Table 30, Extended Solution Status on page 124
4
H+48
11
Time Since
Update
Elapsed time since the last ZUPT or position update Ushort
(seconds)
2
H+52
12
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+54
13
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.22 INSPVA
INS Position, Velocity and Attitude
This log allows INS position, velocity and attitude, with respect to the SPAN frame, to be collected in one log,
instead of using three separate logs. Refer to INSATT on page 120 for an explanation of how the SPAN frame
may differ from the IMU enclosure frame.
The attitude can be output in the vehicle frame. See APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION on page 35.
Message ID:
507
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log inspvaa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#INSPVAA,COM1,0,31.0,FINESTEERING,1264,144088.000,00040000,5615,1541;
1264,144088.002284950,51.116827527,-114.037738908,401.191547167,354.846489850,
108.429407241,-10.837482850,1.116219952,-3.476059035,7.372686190,
INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE*af719fd9
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Ellipsoidal Height (WGS84) [m]
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a
southerly direction) [m/s]
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a
westerly direction) [m/s]
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction [m/s]
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in
degrees
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in
degrees
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise Double
from North
8
H+76
This is the inertial azimuth calculated from the IMU gyros
and the SPAN filters.
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
130
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Chapter 5
5.2.23 INSPVAS
Short INS Position, Velocity and Attitude
This log is the short header version of the INSPVA log (page 130).
Message ID:
508
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log inspvasa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
%INSPVASA,1264,144059.000;
1264,144059.002135700,51.116680071,-114.037929194,515.286704183,277.896368884,
84.915188605,-8.488207941,0.759619515,-2.892414901,6.179554750,INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE
*855d6f76
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84)
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Ellipsoidal Height (WGS84) [m]
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity
Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a
southerly direction) [m/s]
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a
westerly direction) [m/s]
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction [m/s]
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in
degrees
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in
degrees
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise
from north
Double
8
H+76
This is the inertial azimuth calculated from the IMU gyros
and the SPAN filters.
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.24 INSPVAX
Inertial PVA – Extended
This log includes the information from the INSPVA log, as well as information about the position standard
deviation. The position type and solution status fields indicate whether or not the corresponding data is valid.

The INSPVAX log is a large log and is not recommend for high rate logging.
If you want to use high rate logging, log the INSPVAS log at a high rate and the INSCOVS log
ontime 1.
Message ID:
1465
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log inspvaxa ontime 1
ASCII example:
#INSPVAXA,COM1,0,73.5,FINESTEERING,1695,309428.000,00000040,4e77,43562;
INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,INS_PSRSP,51.11637873403,-114.03825114994,1063.6093,-16.9000,
-0.0845,-0.0464,-0.0127,0.138023492,0.069459386,90.000923268,0.9428,0.6688,1.4746,
0.0430,0.0518,0.0521,0.944295466,0.944567084,1.000131845,3,0*e877c178
Field
Field Type
Data Description
1
INSPVAX Header
Log header
2
INS Status
Solution status
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
3
Pos Type
4
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
Enum
4
H
Position type
See Table 29, Position or Velocity Type on page 124
Enum
4
H+4
Lat
Latitude
Double
8
H+8
5
Long
Longitude
Double
8
H+16
6
Height
Orthometric height (m)
Double
8
H+24
7
Undulation
Undulation (m)
Float
4
H+32
8
North Vel
North velocity (m/s)
Double
8
H+36
9
East Vel
East velocity (m/s)
Double
8
H+44
10
Up Vel
Up velocity (m/s)
Double
8
H+52
11
Roll
Roll in Local Level (degrees)
Double
8
H+60
12
Pitch
Pitch in Local Level (degrees)
Double
8
H+68
13
Azimuth
Azimuth in Local Level (degrees)
Double
8
H+76
This is the inertial azimuth calculated from the IMU
gyros and the SPAN filters.
14
Lat σ
Latitude standard deviation
Float
4
H+84
15
Long σ
Longitude standard deviation
Float
4
H+88
16
Height σ
Height standard deviation
Float
4
H+92
17
North Vel σ
North velocity standard deviation (m/s)
Float
4
H+96
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Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Data Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
18
East Vel σ
East velocity standard deviation (m/s)
Float
4
H+100
19
Up Vel σ
Up velocity standard deviation (m/s)
Float
4
H+104
20
Roll σ
Roll standard deviation (degrees)
Float
4
H+108
21
Pitch σ
Pitch standard deviation (degrees)
Float
4
H+112
22
Azimuth σ
Azimuth standard deviation (degrees)
Float
4
H+116
23
Ext sol stat
Extended solution status
Hex
See Table 30, Extended Solution Status on page 124
4
H+120
24
Time Since Update Elapsed time since the last ZUPT or position update
(seconds)
Ushort
2
H+124
25
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+128
26
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
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5.2.25 INSSPD
INS Speed
This log contains the most recent speed measurements in the horizontal and vertical directions and includes
an INS status indicator.
Message ID:
266
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insspda ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#INSSPDA,USB2,0,20.0,FINESTEERING,1541,487969.000,00040000,7832,37343;1541,487969.000549
050,329.621116190,14.182070674,-0.126606551,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD *c274fff2
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Trk gnd
Actual direction of motion over ground (track over
ground) with respect to True North, in degrees
Double
8
H+12
The track over ground is determined by comparing
the current position determined from the GNSS/INS
solution with the previously determined position.
Track over ground is best used when the vehicle is
moving. When the vehicle is stationary, position error
can make the direction of motion appear to change
randomly.
5
Horizontal Speed
Magnitude of horizontal speed in m/s where a positive Double
value indicates forward movement and a negative
value indicates reverse movement.
8
H+20
6
Vertical Speed
Magnitude of vertical speed in m/s where a positive
value indicates speed upward and a negative value
indicates speed downward.
Double
8
H+28
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121
Enum
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.26 INSSPDS
Short INS Speed
This log is the short header version of the INSSPD log (page 134).
Message ID:
323
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insspdsa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
%INSSPDSA,1541,487975.000;1541,487975.000549050,323.101450813,9.787233999,-0.038980077,
INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*105ba028
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
Trk gnd
Double
8
H+12
Actual direction of motion over ground (track over
ground) with respect to True North, in degrees.
The track over ground is determined by comparing the
current position determined from the GNSS/INS
solution with the previously determined position.
Track over ground is best used when the vehicle is
moving. When the vehicle is stationary, position error
can make the direction of motion appear to change
randomly.
5
Horizontal Speed
Magnitude of horizontal speed in m/s where a positive Double
value indicates forward movement and a negative
value indicates reverse movement.
8
H+20
6
Vertical Speed
Magnitude of vertical speed in m/s where a positive
value indicates speed upward and a negative value
indicates speed downward.
Double
8
H+28
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121
Enum
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.27 INSUPDATE
INS Update
This log contains the most recent INS update information. It provides information about what updates were
performed in the INS filter at the last update epoch and a wheel sensor status indicator.
Message ID:
757
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log insupdatea onchanged
ASCII Example:
#INSUPDATEA,SPECIAL,0,48.0,FINESTEERING,1701,156566.000,00004000,6f07,10883;SINGLE,0,12,
0,FALSE,WHEEL_SENSOR_INACTIVE,HEADING_UPDATE_ACTIVE*553bef65
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Solution Type
Type of GNSS solution used for the last update, see
Table 22, Position or Velocity Type on page 100
Enum
4
H
3
Reserved
Integer
4
H+4
4
#Phase
Number of raw phase observations used in the last INS Integer
filter update
4
H+8
5
Reserved
Integer
4
H+12
6
Zupt Flag
4
H+16
Ulong
4
H+20
A zero velocity update was performed during the last INS Boolean
filter update:
0 = False
1 = True
7
Wheel Status
Wheel status
0 = INACTIVE
1 = ACTIVE
2 = USED
3 = UNSYNCED
4 = BAD_MISC
5 = HIGH_ROTATION
8
Heading Update
Status of the heading update during the last INS filter
update. See Table 31, Heading Update Values on
page 137.
Enum
4
H+24
9
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+28
10
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
Table 31: Heading Update Values
Binary
ASCII
Description
0
INACTIVE
A heading update was not available.
1
ACTIVE
Heading updates are running, but the epoch is not used as an update. When
all other rejection criteria pass, a heading update will still only be applied once
every 5 seconds (20 seconds when stationary).
2
USED
The update for that epoch was taken.
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.28 INSVEL
INS Velocity
This log contains the most recent North, East and Up velocity vector values, with respect to the local level
frame and also includes an INS status indicator.
Message ID:
267
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insvela ontime 1
ASCII Example:
#INSVELA,USB1,0,19.0,FINESTEERING,1543,236173.000,00000000,9c95,37343;1543,236173.002500
000,14.139471871,-0.070354464,-0.044204369,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD *3c37c0fc
Field
138
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
North Velocity
Velocity North in m/s
Double
8
H+12
5
East Velocity
Velocity East in m/s
Double
8
H+20
6
Up Velocity
Velocity Up in m/s
Double
8
H+28
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on Enum
page 121
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.29 INSVELS
Short INS Velocity
This log is the short header version of the INSVEL log (page 138).
Message ID:
324
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insvelsa ontime 1
ASCII Example:
%INSVELSA,USB2,0,18.5,FINESTEERING,1541,487942.000,00040000,9c95,37343;1541,487942.00054
9050,12.656120921,-3.796947104,-0.100024422,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD *407d82ba
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
North Velocity
Velocity North m/s
Double
8
H+12
5
East Velocity
Velocity East m/s
Double
8
H+20
6
Up Velocity
Velocity Up m/s
Double
8
H+28
7
Status
INS status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on Enum
page 121
4
H+36
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.30 INSVELX
Inertial Velocity – Extended
This log includes the information from the INSVEL log, as well as information about the velocity standard
deviation. The position type and solution status fields indicate whether or not the corresponding data is valid.

The INSVELX log is a large log and is not recommend for high rate logging.
If you want to use high rate logging, log the INSVELS log at a high rate and the INSCOVS log
ontime 1.
Message ID:
1458
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log insvelxa ontime 1
ASCII example:
#INSVELXA,COM1,0,80.0,FINESTEERING,1690,494394.000,00000040,1f8e,43441;
INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE,INS_PSRSP,0.0086,0.0015,0.0215,0.0549,0.0330,0.0339,3,0*ec33e372
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
1
INSVELX Header
Log header
2
INS Status
Solution status
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
3
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
Enum
4
H
Pos Type
Position type
Enum
See Table 29, Position or Velocity Type on page 124
4
H+4
4
North Vel
North velocity (m/s)
Double
8
H+8
5
East Vel
East velocity (m/s)
Double
8
H+16
6
Up Vel
Up velocity (m/s)
Double
8
H+24
7
North Vel σ
North velocity standard deviation (m/s)
Float
4
H+32
8
East Vel σ
East velocity standard deviation (m/s)
Float
4
H+36
9
Up Vel σ
Up velocity standard deviation (m/s)
Float
4
H+40
10
Ext sol stat
Extended solution status
Hex
See Table 30, Extended Solution Status on page 124
4
H+44
11
Time Since Update Elapsed time since the last ZUPT or position update Ushort
(seconds)
2
H+48
11
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+50
12
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.31 MARK1COUNT
Count for Mark1 Input

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
This log contains the tick count for the EVENT1 input.
When the input mode is set to COUNT using the EVENTINCONTROL command, see page 42, the
MARKxCOUNT logs become available.

1. Use the ONNEW trigger with this, the MARKxTIME, or the MARKxPVA logs.
2. Only the MARKxCOUNT, MARKxPVA logs, the MARKxTIME logs, and ‘polled’ log types are
generated ‘on the fly’ at the exact time of the mark. Synchronous and asynchronous logs
output the most recently available data.
Message ID:
1093
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log mark1counta onnew
ASCII Example:
#MARK1COUNTA,COM1,0,98.5,FINESTEERING,1520,515353.000,00000000,0000,137;
1000000,1*1786750b
Field
Field type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
1
MARK1COUNT header
Log header
2
Period
Delta time
Ulong
4
H
3
Count
Tick count
Ushort
2
H+4
4
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+6
5
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.32 MARK1PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at Mark1
This log outputs position, velocity and attitude information, with respect to the SPAN frame, when an event is
received on the Mark1 input. If the SETMARK1OFFSET command has been entered, the MARK1PVA log will
contain the solution translated, and then rotated, by the values provided in the command. See the
SETMARK1OFFSET command, valid at the time, on page 78.
Message ID:
1067
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log mark1pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#MARK1PVAA,COM1,0,74.5,FINESTEERING,1732,247231.455,00040020,5790,12002;
1732,247231.454623850,51.11693182283,-114.03885213810,1047.4525,0.0004,0.0004,
-0.0006,0.847121689,1.124640813,278.577037489,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*5a6b060e
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark1 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week at Mark1
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84) at Mark1
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84) at Mark1
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height (WGS84) at Mark1
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a
southerly direction) at Mark1
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a
westerly direction) at Mark1
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction at Mark1
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in
degrees at Mark1
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in
degrees at Mark1
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise
from North at Mark1
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121 at Mark1
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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INS Logs
Chapter 5
5.2.33 MARK2COUNT
Count for Mark2 Input

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
This log contains the tick count for the EVENT2 input.
When the input mode is set to COUNT using the EVENTINCONTROL command, see page 42, the
MARKxCOUNT logs become available.

1. Use the ONNEW trigger with this, the MARKxTIME, or the MARKxPVA logs.
2. Only the MARKxCOUNT, MARKxPVA logs, the MARKxTIME logs, and ‘polled’ log types are
generated ‘on the fly’ at the exact time of the mark. Synchronous and asynchronous logs
output the most recently available data.
Message ID:
1094
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log mark2counta onnew
ASCII Example:
#MARK2COUNTA,COM1,0,98.5,FINESTEERING,1520,515353.000,00000000,0000,137;
1000000,1*1786750b
Field
Field type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
1
MARK2COUNT header
Log header
2
Period
Delta time
Ulong
4
H
3
Count
Tick count
Ushort
2
H+4
4
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+6
5
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.34 MARK2PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at Mark2
This log outputs position, velocity and attitude information, with respect to the SPAN frame, when an event
was received on the Mark2 input. If the SETMARK2OFFSET command has been entered, the MARK2PVA log
will contain the solution translated, and then rotated, by the values provided in the command. See the
SETMARK2OFFSET command, valid at the time, on page 79.

The SPAN-CPT does not have a Mark2 input, so this log is not available for the SPAN-CPT.
Message ID:
1068
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log mark2pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#MARK2PVAA,COM1,0,74.5,FINESTEERING,1732,247232.271,00040020,2425,12002;
1732,247232.271459820,51.11693179023,-114.03885206704,1047.4529,0.0004,-0.0011,
-0.0007,0.837101074,1.134127754,278.346498557,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*08209ec0
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark2 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week at Mark2
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84) at Mark2
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84) at Mark2
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height (WGS84) at Mark2
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a
southerly direction) at Mark2
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a
westerly direction) at Mark2
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction at Mark2
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in
degrees at Mark2
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in
degrees at Mark2
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise
from north at Mark2
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121 at Mark2
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.35 MARK3COUNT
Count for Mark3 Input

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
When the input mode is set to COUNT using the EVENTINCONTROL command, see page 42, the
MARKxCOUNT logs become available.

1. Use the ONNEW trigger with this, the MARKxTIME, or the MARKxPVA logs.
2. Only the MARKxCOUNT, MARKxPVA logs, the MARKxTIME logs, and ‘polled’ log types are
generated ‘on the fly’ at the exact time of the mark. Synchronous and asynchronous logs
output the most recently available data.
Message ID:
1095
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log mark3counta onnew
ASCII Example:
#MARK3COUNTA,COM1,0,98.5,FINESTEERING,1520,515353.000,00000000,0000,137;
1000000,1*1786750b
Field
Field type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
1
MARK3COUNT header
Log header
2
Period
Delta time
Ulong
4
H
3
Count
Tick count
Ushort
2
H+4
4
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+6
5
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.36 MARK3PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at Mark3

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
This log outputs position, velocity and attitude information, with respect to the SPAN frame, when an event
was received on the Mark3 input. If the SETMARK3OFFSET command has been entered, the MARK3PVA log
will contain the solution translated, and then rotated, by the values provided in the command. See the
SETMARK3OFFSET command, valid at the time, on page 80.
Message ID:
1118
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log mark3pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#MARK3PVAA,COM1,0,74.5,FINESTEERING,1732,247232.271,00040020,2425,12002;
1732,247232.271459820,51.11693179023,-114.03885206704,1047.4529,0.0004,-0.0011,
-0.0007,0.837101074,1.134127754,278.346498557,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*08209ec0
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark3 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week at Mark3
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84) at Mark3
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84) at Mark3
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height (WGS84) at Mark3
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a
southerly direction) at Mark3
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a
westerly direction) at Mark3
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction at Mark3
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in
degrees at Mark3
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in
degrees at Mark3
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise
from north at Mark3
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121 at Mark3
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.37 MARK4COUNT
Count for Mark4 Input

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
When the input mode is set to COUNT using the EVENTINCONTROL command, see page 42, the
MARKxCOUNT logs become available.

1. Use the ONNEW trigger with this, the MARKxTIME, or the MARKxPVA logs.
2. Only the MARKxCOUNT, MARKxPVA logs, the MARKxTIME logs, and ‘polled’ log types are
generated ‘on the fly’ at the exact time of the mark. Synchronous and asynchronous logs
output the most recently available data.
Message ID:
1096
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log mark4counta onnew
ASCII Example:
#MARK4COUNTA,COM1,0,98.5,FINESTEERING,1520,515353.000,00000000,0000,137;
1000000,1*1786750b
Field
Field type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
H
0
1
MARK4COUNT header
Log header
2
Period
Delta time
Ulong
4
H
3
Count
Tick count
Ushort
2
H+4
4
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+6
5
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.38 MARK4PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at Mark4

This command is only available for SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
This log outputs position, velocity and attitude information, with respect to the SPAN frame, when an event
was received on the Mark4 input. If the SETMARK4OFFSET command has been entered, the MARK4PVA log
will contain the solution translated, and then rotated, by the values provided in the command. See the
SETMARK4OFFSET command, valid at the time, on page 81.
Message ID:
1119
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log mark4pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#MARK4PVAA,COM1,0,74.5,FINESTEERING,1732,247232.271,00040020,2425,12002;
1732,247232.271459820,51.11693179023,-114.03885206704,1047.4529,0.0004,-0.0011,
-0.0007,0.837101074,1.134127754,278.346498557,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD*08209ec0
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark4 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds
Seconds from week at Mark4
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude (WGS84) at Mark4
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude (WGS84) at Mark4
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height (WGS84) at Mark4
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity Velocity in a northerly direction (a -ve value implies a
southerly direction) at Mark4
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
Velocity in an easterly direction (a -ve value implies a
westerly direction) at Mark4
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Velocity in an up direction at Mark4
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Right-handed rotation from local level around y-axis in
degrees at Mark4
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Right-handed rotation from local level around x-axis in
degrees at Mark4
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Left-handed rotation around z-axis in degrees clockwise
from north at Mark4
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status, see Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on
page 121 at Mark4
Enum
4
H+84
14
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+88
15
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.39 PASHR
NMEA, Inertial Attitude Data
The PASHR log uses a UTC time, calculated with default parameters, to output NMEA messages without
waiting for a valid almanac. The UTC time status is set to WARNING since it may not be 100% accurate.
When a valid almanac is available, the receiver uses the real parameters and sets the UTC time to VALID.
For more information about NMEA, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware Reference Manual (OM-20000129).
The PASHR log contains only INS derived attitude information and is only filled when an inertial solution is
available.
Message ID:
1177
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log pashr ontime 1
Example:
$PASHR,,,,,,,,,,0*68 (empty)
$PASHR,195124.00,305.30,T,+0.05,-0.13,,0.180,0.185,4.986,1*2B
Field
Structure
Description
Symbol
Example
1
$PASHR
Log Header
---
$PASHR
2
Time
UTC Time
hhmmss.ss 195124.00
3
Heading
Heading value in decimal degrees
HHH.HH
305.30
The heading is the inertial azimuth calculated from the
IMU gyros and the SPAN filters.
4
True Heading
T displayed if heading is relative to true north.
T
T
5
Roll
Roll in decimal degrees.
The ± sign will always be displayed.
RRR.RR
+0.05
6
Pitch
Pitch in decimal degrees.
The ± sign will always be displayed.
PPP.PP
-0.13
7
Reserved
------
----
----
8
Roll Accuracy
Roll standard deviation in decimal degrees.
rr.rrr
0.180
9
Pitch Accuracy
Pitch standard deviation in decimal degrees.
pp.ppp
0.185
10
Heading Accuracy
Heading standard deviation in decimal degrees.
hh.hhh
4.986
11
GPS Update
Quality Flag
0 = No position
1
1
*XX
*2B
1 = All non-RTK fixed integer positions
2 = RTK fixed integer position
12
Checksum
Checksum
13
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator
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Chapter 5
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5.2.40 RAWIMU
Raw IMU Data
This log contains an IMU status indicator and the measurements from the accelerometers and gyros with
respect to the IMU enclosure frame. If logging this data, consider the RAWIMUS log to reduce the amount of
data, see page 160.
Message ID:
268
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log rawimua onnew
ASCII Example:
#RAWIMUA,COM1,0,68.5,FINESTEERING,1724,219418.009,004c0040,6125,30019;1724,
219418.008755000,00000077,64732,56,298,8,28,-3*7378486f
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
IMU Status
Long
4
H+12
The status of the IMU. This field is given in a fixed length
(n) array of bytes in binary but in ASCII or Abbreviated
ASCII is converted into 2 character hexadecimal pairs.
For the raw IMU status, see one of the following tables:
•
Table 32, iIMU-FSAS IMU Status on page 152
•
Table 33, Litef LCI-1 IMU Status on page 153
•
Table 35, HG1700 IMU Status on page 154
•
Table 36, LN200 IMU Status on page 155
•
Table 37, IMU-CPT, SPAN-CPT and IMUKVH1750 IMU Status on page 156
•
Table 38, HG1900 and HG1930 IMU Status on
page 157
•
Table 39, ADIS16488, IMU-IGM-A1 and SPANIGM-A1 IMU Status on page 158
•
Table 40, STIM300, IMU-IGM-S1, SPAN-IGM-S1
IMU Status on page 159
Also refer to Interface Control Documentation as provided
by Honeywell or Northrop Grumman.
5
Z Accel Output
Change in velocity count along z axis a
Long
4
H+16
6
- (Y Accel Output)
- (Change in velocity count along y axis) a, b
Long
4
H+20
7
X Accel Output
Change in velocity count along x axis a
Long
4
H+24
8
Z Gyro Output
Change in angle count around z axis c.
Right-handed
Long
4
H+28
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Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
9
- (Y Gyro Output)
- (Change in angle count around y axis) b, c.
Right-handed
Long
4
H+32
10
X Gyro Output
Change in angle count around x axis c.
Right-handed
Long
4
H+36
11
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
12
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
a. The change in velocity (acceleration) scale factor for each IMU type can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors
on page 161. Multiply the scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the velocity
increments.
b. A negative value implies the output is along the positive y-axis marked on the IMU.
A positive value implies the change is in the direction opposite to that of the y-axis marked on the IMU.
c. The change in angle (gyro) scale factor can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors on page 161. Multiply the
appropriate scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the angle increments in radians.
To obtain acceleration in m/s^2, multiply the velocity increments by the output rate of the IMU
(e.g., 100 Hz for HG1700, HG1900 and HG1930; 200 Hz iMAR-FSAS, LN200, LCI-1, IMU-KVH1750 and ADIS16488;
125 Hz for STIM300).
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Table 32: iIMU-FSAS IMU Status
Nibble #
N0
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
152
Bit #
Mask
Description
Range Value
0
0x00000001
Reserved
1
0x00000002
2
0x00000004
3
0x00000008
4
0x00000010
Gyro warm-up
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
5
0x00000020
Gyro self-test active
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
6
0x00000040
Gyro status bit set
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
7
0x00000080
Gyro time-out command interface
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
8
0x00000100
Power-up built-in test (PBIT)
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
9
0x00000200
Reserved
10
0x00000400
Interrupt
11
0x00000800
Reserved
12
0x00001000
Warm-up
13
0x00002000
Reserved
14
0x00004000
15
0x00008000
Initiated built-in test (IBIT)
16
0x00010000
Reserved
17
0x00020000
18
0x00040000
Accelerometer
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
19
0x00080000
Accelerometer time-out
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
20
0x00100000
Reserved
21
0x00200000
Gyro initiated BIT
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
22
0x00400000
Gyro self-test
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
23
0x00800000
Gyro time-out
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
24
0x01000000
Analog-to-Digital (AD)
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
25
0x02000000
Testmode
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
26
0x04000000
Software
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
27
0x08000000
RAM/ROM
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
28
0x10000000
Reserved
29
0x20000000
Operational
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
30
0x40000000
Interface
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
31
0x80000000
Interface time-out
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
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Chapter 5
Table 33: Litef LCI-1 IMU Status
Nibble #
Bit #
N0
0
0x00000001
IBIT Error Flag
0 = Normal, 1 = IBIT Error
1
0x00000002
CBIT Error Flag
0 = Normal, 1 = CBIT Error
2
0x00000004
Calibration Status Flag
0 = IMU Uncalibrated, 1 = IMU Calibrated
3
0x00000008
Not used
4
0x00000010
Mode Read Flag
Mode in Trans.: 0,
Mode Trans Ready = 1
5
0x00000020
IMU Mode Indication 1
0 = Not Set, 1 = Set
6
0x00000040
IMU Mode Indication 2
0 = Not Set, 1 = Set
7
0x00000080
IMU Mode Indication 3
0 = Not Set, 1 = Set
8
0x00000100
Master NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
9
0x00000200
IMU NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
10
0x00000400
Accelerometer Z NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
11
0x00000800
Accelerometer Y NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
12
0x00001000
Accelerometer X NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
13
0x00002000
Gyroscope Z NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
14
0x00004000
Gyroscope Y NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
15
0x00008000
Gyroscope X NoGo
0 = Normal, 1 = NoGo
16
0x00010000
Master Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
17
0x00020000
IMU Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
18
0x00040000
Accelerometer Z Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
19
0x00080000
Accelerometer Y Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
20
0x00100000
Accelerometer X Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
21
0x00200000
Gyroscope Z Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
22
0x00400000
Gyroscope Y Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
23
0x00800000
Gyroscope X Warning
0 = Normal, 1 = Warning
24
0x01000000
Not Used
25
0x02000000
26
0x04000000
27
0x08000000
28
0x10000000
29
0x20000000
30
0x40000000
31
0x80000000
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
Mask
Description
Range Value
Refer to
Table 34,
Mode
Indication on
page 153
Table 34: Mode Indication
MDI3
MDI2
MDI1
MRF
Current IMU Mode
0
0
0
0
Power On BIT (PBIT)
0
0
0
1
Standby Mode
0
1
1
0
Initiated BIT (IBIT)
0
1
1
1
IBIT Ready
1
1
0
1
Operational Mode
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Table 35: HG1700 IMU Status
Nibble #
Bit #
N0
0
0x00000001
Reserved
1
0x00000002
Reserved
2
0x00000004
Reserved
3
0x00000008
Reserved
4
0x00000010
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
5
0x00000020
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
6
0x00000040
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
7
0x00000080
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
8
0x00000100
Reserved
9
0x00000200
Reserved
10
0x00000400
Reserved
11
0x00000800
Reserved
12
0x00001000
Reserved
13
0x00002000
Reserved
14
0x00004000
Reserved
15
0x00008000
Reserved
16
0x00010000
Reserved
17
0x00020000
Reserved
18
0x00040000
Reserved
19
0x00080000
Reserved
20
0x00100000
Reserved
21
0x00200000
Reserved
22
0x00400000
Reserved
23
0x00800000
Reserved
24
0x01000000
Reserved
25
0x02000000
Reserved
26
0x04000000
Reserved
27
0x08000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1= Failed
28
0x10000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
29
0x20000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
30
0x40000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
31
0x80000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
154
Mask
Description
Range Value
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Chapter 5
Table 36: LN200 IMU Status
Nibble #
Bit #
N0
0
0x00000001
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
1
0x00000002
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
2
0x00000004
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
3
0x00000008
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
4
0x00000010
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
5
0x00000020
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
6
0x00000040
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
7
0x00000080
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
8
0x00000100
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
9
0x00000200
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
10
0x00000400
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
11
0x00000800
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
12
0x00001000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
13
0x00002000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
14
0x00004000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
15
0x00008000
Reserved
16
0x00010000
Reserved
17
0x00020000
Reserved
18
0x00040000
Reserved
19
0x00080000
Reserved
20
0x00100000
Reserved
21
0x00200000
Reserved
22
0x00400000
Reserved
23
0x00800000
Reserved
24
0x01000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
25
0x02000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
26
0x04000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
27
0x08000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
28
0x10000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
29
0x20000000
Reserved
30
0x40000000
IMU Status
31
0x80000000
Reserved
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
Mask
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Description
Range Value
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
155
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INS Logs
Table 37: IMU-CPT, SPAN-CPT and IMU-KVH1750 IMU Status
Nibble #
N0
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
156
Bit #
Mask
Description
Range Value
0
0x00000001
Gyro X Status
1 = Valid, 0 = Invalid
1
0x00000002
Gyro Y Status
1 = Valid, 0 = Invalid
2
0x00000004
Gyro Z Status
1 = Valid, 0 = Invalid
3
0x00000008
Unused
Set to 0
4
0x00000010
Accelerometer X Status
1 = Valid, 0 = Invalid
5
0x00000020
Accelerometer Y Status
1 = Valid, 0 = Invalid
6
0x00000040
Accelerometer Z Status
1 = Valid, 0 = Invalid
7
0x00000080
Unused
Set to 0
8
0x00000100
Unused
9
0x00000200
10
0x00000400
11
0x00000800
12
0x00001000
13
0x00002000
14
0x00004000
15
0x00008000
16
0x00010000
17
0x00020000
18
0x00040000
19
0x00080000
20
0x00100000
21
0x00200000
22
0x00400000
23
0x00800000
24
0x01000000
25
0x02000000
26
0x04000000
27
0x08000000
28
0x10000000
29
0x20000000
30
0x40000000
31
0x80000000
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Chapter 5
Table 38: HG1900 and HG1930 IMU Status
Nibble #
N0
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
Bit #
Mask
Description
Range Value
0
0x00000001
1
0x00000002
2
0x00000004
3
0x00000008
4
0x00000010
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
5
0x00000020
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
6
0x00000040
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
7
0x00000080
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
8
0x00000100
Reserved
9
0x00000200
10
0x00000400
11
0x00000800
12
0x00001000
13
0x00002000
14
0x00004000
15
0x00008000
16
0x00010000
17
0x00020000
18
0x00040000
19
0x00080000
20
0x00100000
21
0x00200000
22
0x00400000
23
0x00800000
24
0x01000000
IMU Status
25
0x02000000
Reserved
26
0x04000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
27
0x08000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
28
0x10000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
29
0x20000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
30
0x40000000
IMU Status
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
31
0x80000000
Reserved
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
157
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Table 39: ADIS16488, IMU-IGM-A1 and SPAN-IGM-A1 IMU Status
Nibble #
N0
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
158
Bit #
Mask
Description
Range Value
0
0x00000001
Alarm Status Flag
1
0x00000002
Reserved
2
0x00000004
3
0x00000008
SPI Communication Error
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
4
0x00000010
Sensor Over-Range
0 = Passed,
1 = One of more
sensors over-ranged
5
0x00000020
Initial Self Test Failure
0 = Passed, 1= Failed
6
0x00000040
Flash Memory Failure
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
7
0x00000080
Processing Overrun
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
8
0x00000100
Self Test Failure – X-axis gyro
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
9
0x00000200
Self Test Failure – Y-axis gyro
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
10
0x00000400
Self Test Failure – Z-axis gyro
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
11
0x00000800
Self Test Failure – X-axis accelerometer
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
12
0x00001000
Self Test Failure – Y-axis accelerometer
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
13
0x00002000
Self Test Failure – Z-axis
0 = Passed, 1 = Failed
14
0x00004000
Reserved
15
0x00008000
16
0x00010000
IMU temperature reading as follows:
17
0x00020000
Signed 2-byte value (SHORT)
18
0x00040000
19
0x00080000
20
0x00100000
21
0x00200000
22
0x00400000
23
0x00800000
24
0x01000000
25
0x02000000
26
0x04000000
27
0x08000000
28
0x10000000
29
0x20000000
30
0x40000000
31
0x80000000
25ºC = 0x0000
1 LSB = 0.00565ºC
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Chapter 5
Table 40: STIM300, IMU-IGM-S1, SPAN-IGM-S1 IMU Status
Nibble #
Bit #
N0
0
0x00000001
1
0x00000002
0 = OK, 1 = Y-channel
2
0x00000004
0 = OK, 1 = Z-channel
3
0x00000008
0 = OK, 1 = Error in measurement channel
(Bits 0-2 flag the error channels)
4
0x00000010
0 = OK, 1 = Overload
(Bits 0-2 flag the error channels)
5
0x00000020
0 = OK, 1 = Outside operating conditions
6
0x00000040
0 = OK, 1 = Startup
7
0x00000080
0 = OK, 1 = System integrity error
8
0x00000100
9
0x00000200
10
0x00000400
0 = OK, 1 = Z-channel
11
0x00000800
0 = OK, 1 = Error in measurement channel
(Bits 0-2 flag the error channels)
12
0x00001000
0 = OK, 1 = Overload
(Bits 0-2 flag the error channels)
13
0x00002000
0 = OK, 1 = Outside operating conditions
14
0x00004000
0 = OK, 1 = Startup
15
0x00008000
0 = OK, 1 = System integrity error
16
0x00010000
Temperature of the X gyro sensor
17
0x00020000
0ºC = 0x0000
18
0x00040000
1 LSB = 2-8 ºC
19
0x00080000
20
0x00100000
21
0x00200000
22
0x00400000
23
0x00800000
24
0x01000000
25
0x02000000
26
0x04000000
27
0x08000000
28
0x10000000
29
0x20000000
30
0x40000000
31
0x80000000
N1
N2
N3
N4
N5
N6
N7
Mask
Description
Gyro status
Accelerometer
Status
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Range Value
0 = OK, 1 = X-channel
0 = OK, 1 = X-channel
0 = OK, 1 = Y-channel
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INS Logs
5.2.41 RAWIMUS
Short Raw IMU Data
This log is the short header version of the RAWIMU log (page 150).
Message ID:
325
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log rawimusa onnew
ASCII Example:
%RAWIMUSA,1105,425384.180;1105,425384.156166800,111607,43088060,430312,
-3033352,-132863,186983,823*5aa97065
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
4
IMU Status
4
H+12
The status of the IMU. This field is given in a fixed length Long
(n) array of bytes in binary but in ASCII or Abbreviated
ASCII is converted into 2 character hexadecimal pairs.
For the raw IMU status, see one of the following tables:
•
Table 32, iIMU-FSAS IMU Status on page 152
•
Table 33, Litef LCI-1 IMU Status on page 153
•
Table 35, HG1700 IMU Status on page 154
•
Table 36, LN200 IMU Status on page 155
•
Table 37, IMU-CPT, SPAN-CPT and IMUKVH1750 IMU Status on page 156
•
Table 38, HG1900 and HG1930 IMU Status on
page 157
•
Table 39, ADIS16488, IMU-IGM-A1 and SPANIGM-A1 IMU Status on page 158
•
Table 40, STIM300, IMU-IGM-S1, SPAN-IGMS1 IMU Status on page 159
Also refer to Interface Control Documentation as
provided by Honeywell or Northrop Grumman.
5
Z Accel Output
Change in velocity count along z axis a
Long
4
H+16
6
- (Y Accel Output)
- (Change in velocity count along y axis) a, b
Long
4
H+20
7
X Accel Output
Change in velocity count along x axis a
Long
4
H+24
8
Z Gyro Output
Change in angle count around z axis c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+28
9
- (Y Gyro Output)
- (Change in angle count around y axis) b, c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+32
160
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Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary Binary
Bytes Offset
10
X Gyro Output
Change in angle count around x axis c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+36
11
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
12
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
a. The change in velocity (acceleration) scale factor for each IMU type can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors on
page 161. Multiply the scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the velocity
increments.
b. A negative value implies the output is along the positive y-axis marked on the IMU.
A positive value implies the change is in the direction opposite to that of the y-axis marked on the IMU.
c. The change in angle (gyro) scale factor can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors on page 161. Multiply the
appropriate scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the angle increments in radians.
To obtain acceleration in m/s^2, multiply the velocity increments by the output rate of the IMU
(e.g., 100 Hz for HG1700, HG1900 and HG1930; 200 Hz for iMAR-FSAS, LN200, LCI-1, IMU-KVH1750 and ADIS16488;
125 Hz for STIM300).
Table 41: Raw IMU Scale Factors
Gyroscope Scale Factor
Acceleration Scale Factor
HG1700-AG11
HG1700-AG58
HG1900-CA29/CA50
HG1930-AA99/CA50
2.0-33 rad/LSB
2.0-27 ft/s/LSB
HG1700-AG17
HG1700-AG62
2.0-33 rad/LSB
2.0-26 ft/s/LSB
IMU-CPT
IMU-KVH1750
SPAN-CPT
0.1 / (3600.0x256.0) rad/LSB
0.05/215 m/s/LSB
iIMU-FSAS
0.1x 2-8 arcsec/LSB
0.05 x 2-15 m/s/LSB
Litef LCI-1
4 x 2-31 deg/LSB
2 x 2-31 m/s/LSB
2-19 rad/LSB
2-14 m/s/LSB
ADIS16488
IMU-IGM-A1
SPAN-IGM-A1
720/231 deg/LSB
200/231 m/s/LSB
STIM300
IMU-IGM-S1
SPAN-IGM-S1
2-21 deg/LSB
2-22 m/s/LSB
LN-200
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.42 RAWIMUSX
IMU Data Extended
This is the short header version of the extended RAWIMUX log intended for use with post-processing. The
extended version includes IMU information that is used by the NovAtel Inertial Explorer post-processing
software.
Message ID:
1462
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log rawimusxb onnew
ASCII example:
%RAWIMUSXA,1692,484620.664;00,11,1692,484620.664389000,00801503,43110635,-817242,
-202184,-215194,-41188,-9895*a5db8c7b
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header (short)
-
H
0
2
IMU Error
Simple IMU error flag.
Uchar
1
H
1 = IMU error
0 = IMU okay.
If there is an IMU error, check the IMU Status field for details.
3
IMU Type
IMU Type identifier.
See Table 14, IMU Type on page 38.
Uchar
1
H+1
4
GNSS Week
GNSS Week
Ushort
2
H+2
5
GNSS Week
Seconds
Seconds from week start
Double
8
H+4
6
IMU Status
The status of the IMU. This field is given in a fixed length (n) Hex
array of bytes in binary but in ASCII or Abbreviated ASCII is
converted into 2 character hexadecimal pairs.
4
H+12
For the raw IMU status, see one of the following tables:
•
Table 32, iIMU-FSAS IMU Status on page 152
•
Table 33, Litef LCI-1 IMU Status on page 153
•
Table 35, HG1700 IMU Status on page 154
•
Table 36, LN200 IMU Status on page 155
•
Table 37, IMU-CPT, SPAN-CPT and IMU-KVH1750
IMU Status on page 156
•
Table 38, HG1900 and HG1930 IMU Status on
page 157
•
Table 39, ADIS16488, IMU-IGM-A1 and SPANIGM-A1 IMU Status on page 158
•
Table 40, STIM300, IMU-IGM-S1, SPAN-IGM-S1
IMU Status on page 159
Also refer to Interface Control Documentation as provided
by Honeywell or Northrop Grumman.
162
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Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
7
Z Accel
Change in velocity count along Z-axis. a
Long
4
H+16
8
-(Y Accel)
- (Change in velocity count along y-axis.) a, b
Long
4
H+20
9
X Accel
Change in velocity count along x axis. a
Long
4
H+24
10
Z Gyro
Change in angle count around z axis. c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+28
11
-(Y Gyro)
- (Change in angle count around y axis.) b, c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+32
12
X Gyro
Change in angle count around x axis. c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+36
13
XXXX
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary, and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
14
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
a. The change in velocity (acceleration) scale factor for each IMU type can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors
on page 161. Multiply the scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the velocity
increments.
b. A negative value implies the output is along the positive y-axis marked on the IMU.
A positive value implies the change is in the direction opposite to that of the y-axis marked on the IMU.
c. The change in angle (gyro) scale factor can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors on page 161. Multiply the
appropriate scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the angle increments in radians.
To obtain acceleration in m/s^2, multiply the velocity increments by the output rate of the IMU
(e.g., 100 Hz for HG1700, HG1900 and HG1930; 200 Hz iMAR-FSAS, LN200, LCI-1, IMU-KVH1750 and ADIS16488;
125 Hz for STIM300).
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.43 RAWIMUX
IMU Data Extended
This log is an extended version of the RAWIMU log intended for use with post-processing. The extended
version includes IMU information that is used by the NovAtel Inertial Explorer post-processing software.
Message ID:
1461
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log rawimuxb onnew
ASCII example:
#RAWIMUXA,COM1,0,81.5,FINESTEERING,1691,410338.819,004c0020,3fd1,43495;00,5,1691,
410338.818721000,00170705,-113836,-464281,43146813,89,11346,181*01cd06bf
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
IMU Error
Simple IMU error flag.
Uchar
1
H
Uchar
1
H+1
1 = IMU error
0 = IMU okay.
If there is an IMU error, check the IMU Status field for details.
3
IMU Type
IMU Type identifier.
See Table 14, IMU Type on page 38.
4
GNSS Week GNSS Week
Ushort
2
H+2
5
GNSS Week Seconds from week start
Seconds
Double
8
H+4
6
IMU Status
4
H+12
4
H+16
The status of the IMU. This field is given in a fixed length (n) Hex
array of bytes in binary but in ASCII or Abbreviated ASCII is
converted into 2 character hexadecimal pairs.
For the raw IMU status, see one of the following tables:
•
Table 32, iIMU-FSAS IMU Status on page 152
•
Table 33, Litef LCI-1 IMU Status on page 153
•
Table 35, HG1700 IMU Status on page 154
•
Table 36, LN200 IMU Status on page 155
•
Table 37, IMU-CPT, SPAN-CPT and IMU-KVH1750
IMU Status on page 156
•
Table 38, HG1900 and HG1930 IMU Status on
page 157
•
Table 39, ADIS16488, IMU-IGM-A1 and SPANIGM-A1 IMU Status on page 158
•
Table 40, STIM300, IMU-IGM-S1, SPAN-IGM-S1
IMU Status on page 159
Also refer to Interface Control Documentation as provided
by Honeywell or Northrop Grumman.
7
164
Z Accel
Change in velocity count along Z-axis. a
Long
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INS Logs
Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
8
-(Y Accel)
- (Change in velocity count along y-axis.) a, b
Long
4
H+20
9
X Accel
Change in velocity count along x axis. a
Long
4
H+24
10
Z Gyro
Change in angle count around z axis. c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+28
11
-(Y Gyro)
- (Change in angle count around y axis.) b, c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+32
12
X Gyro
Change in angle count around x axis. c
Right-handed
Long
4
H+36
13
XXXX
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary, and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+40
14
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
a. The change in velocity (acceleration) scale factor for each IMU type can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors
on page 161. Multiply the scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors by the count in this field for the velocity
increments.
b. A negative value implies the output is along the positive y-axis marked on the IMU.
A positive value implies the change is in the direction opposite to that of the y-axis marked on the IMU.
c. The change in angle (gyro) scale factor can be found in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors on page 161. Multiply the
appropriate scale factor in Table 41, Raw IMU Scale Factors, by the count in this field for the angle increments in
radians. To obtain acceleration in m/s^2, multiply the velocity increments by the output rate of the IMU
(e.g., 100 Hz for HG1700, HG1900 and HG1930; 200 Hz iMAR-FSAS, LN200, LCI-1, IMU-KVH1750 and ADIS16488;
125 Hz for STIM300).
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INS Logs
5.2.44 RELINSPVA
Relative INSPVA log
This log provides the relative offset between the Master and Remote Inertial Solutions. The output solution
provides the offset of where the local station is with respect to the other station.
Message ID:
1446
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
LOG RELINSPVAA ONNEW
ASCII example:
#RELINSPVAA,COM2,0,87.5,FINESTEERING,1688,416846.400,20000000,0000,0;2.656751639,
3.466106506,0.012840524,0.001890985,-0.001252651,0.003989391,0.155764695,2.840448827,
175.230342099,"AAAA",INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,"BBBB",INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,NARROW_INT*b84252b5
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Relative
Northing
Difference in Northing from the other receiver to the local
receiver (m)
Double
8
H
3
Relative
Easting
Difference in Easting from the other receiver to the local
receiver (m)
Double
8
H+8
4
Relative Up
Difference in Up from the other receiver to the local receiver Double
(m)
8
H+16
5
Relative North Difference in North velocity from the other receiver to the
Velocity
local receiver (m/s)
Double
8
H+24
6
Relative East
Velocity
Difference in East velocity from the other receiver to the local Double
receiver (m/s)
8
H+32
7
Relative Up
Velocity
Difference in Up velocity from the other receiver to the local Double
receiver (m/s)
8
H+40
8
Relative Roll
Difference in roll from the other receiver to the local receiver Double
(degrees)
8
H+48
9
Relative Pitch
Difference in pitch from the other receiver to the local
receiver (degrees)
Double
8
H+56
10
Relative
Azimuth
Difference in heading from the other receiver to the local
receiver (degrees)
Double
8
H+64
11
Local Roll
Right handed rotation from local level around Y-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H+72
12
Local Pitch
Right handed rotation from local level around X-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H+80
13
Local Azimuth Left handed rotation around Z-axis.
Degrees clockwise from North
Double
8
H+88
14
Baseline
Diff_Age
Differential age in seconds
Float
4
H+96
15
Rover ID
Rover receiver ID string
Char[4]
4
H+100
166
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INS Logs
Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
16
Remote Status INS status of the remote receiver
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
Enum
4
H+104
17
Master ID
Char[4]
4
H+108
18
Master Status INS status of the master receiver
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
Enum
4
H+112
19
Baseline
Status
Status of the current RTK vector between master and
remote
See Table 22, Position or Velocity Type on page 100
Enum
4
H+116
20
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+120
21
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
Master receiver ID string
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.45 SYNCHEAVE
Synchronous Log Containing the Instantaneous Heave Value
Synchronous heave is available up to the rate of the IMU. It can also be logged 'on time' at lower rates.
This log also includes information about the estimated accuracy of the heave value through the standard
deviation of the heave.
You must have an inertial solution to use this log. The heave filter must be enabled using the HEAVEFILTER
command, see page 47, before this log is available.
Message ID:
1708
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log syncheavea ontime 0.05
ASCII example:
#SYNCHEAVEA,COM1,0,50.0,FINESTEERING,1770,245720.925,00000020,552e,12622;
-0.045410579,0.436800622*b8c14286
Field #
168
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Heave
Instantaneous heave value
Double
8
H
3
Std. Dev.
Standard deviation of the heave value
Double
8
H+8
4
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+16
5
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.46 SYNCRELINSPVA
Synchronous Relative INSPVA log
This log provides the relative offset between the master and remote inertial solutions. The output solution
provides the offset of where the local station is with respect to the other station.
Message ID:
1743
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
LOG SYNCRELINSPVAA ONTIME 0.005
ASCII example:
#SYNCRELINSPVA,COM2,0,87.5,FINESTEERING,1688,416846.400,20000000,0000,0;2.656751639,
3.466106506,0.012840524,0.001890985,-0.001252651,0.003989391,0.155764695,2.840448827,
175.230342099,"AAAA",INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,"BBBB",INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,NARROW_INT*b84252b5
Field
Field Type
Description
1
Log Header
Log header
2
Relative
Northing
3
Format
Binary
Offset
H
0
Difference in Northing from the other receiver to the local Double
receiver (m)
8
H
Relative
Easting
Difference in Easting from the other receiver to the local Double
receiver (m)
8
H+8
4
Relative Up
Difference in Up from the other receiver to the local
receiver (m)
Double
8
H+16
5
Relative North
Velocity
Difference in North velocity from the other receiver to the Double
local receiver (m/s)
8
H+24
6
Relative East
Velocity
Difference in East velocity from the other receiver to the Double
local receiver (m/s)
8
H+32
7
Relative Up
Velocity
Difference in Up velocity from the other receiver to the
local receiver (m/s)
Double
8
H+40
8
Relative Roll
Difference in roll from the other receiver to the local
receiver (degrees)
Double
8
H+48
9
Relative Pitch
Difference in pitch from the other receiver to the local
receiver (degrees)
Double
8
H+56
10
Relative
Azimuth
Difference in heading from the other receiver to the local Double
receiver (degrees)
8
H+64
11
Local Roll
Right handed rotation from local level around Y-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H+72
12
Local Pitch
Right handed rotation from local level around X-axis
(degrees)
Double
8
H+80
13
Local Azimuth
Left handed rotation around Z-axis.
Degrees clockwise from North
Double
8
H+88
14
Baseline
Diff_Age
Differential correction age in seconds
Float
4
H+96
15
Rover ID
Rover receiver ID string
Char[4]
4
H+100
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Chapter 5
Field
INS Logs
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
16
Remote Status INS Status of the remote receiver
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
Enum
4
H+104
17
Master ID
Master receiver ID string
Char[4]
4
H+108
18
Master Status
INS Status of the master receiver
See Table 28, Inertial Solution Status on page 121
Enum
4
H+112
19
Baseline
Status
Status of the current RTK vector between master and
remote
See Table 22, Position or Velocity Type on page 100
Enum
4
H+116
20
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)
Hex
4
H+120
21
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.47 TAGGEDMARK1PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at a Tagged Mark1

TAGGEDMARK1PVA contains the same information as MARK1PVA with the addition of a
unique identifying number (tag).
The user specifies a TAG for the upcoming TAGGEDMARKPVA via the TAGNEXTMARK command. That tag
shows up at the end of this message, which is otherwise identical to the MARK1PVA message.
Message ID:
1258
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log taggedmark1pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#TAGGEDMARK1PVAA,COM1,0,63.0,FINESTEERING,1732,247787.965,004c0020,ae1e,12002;
1732,247787.964913500,51.11693231436,-114.03884974751,1046.9481,0.0001,0.0007,
0.0004,1.090392628,0.766828598,244.413950146,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,1234*34fda4f4
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark 1 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week GNSS Seconds at Mark1 request
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude at Mark 1 request
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude at Mark 1 request
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height at Mark 1 request
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity
North Velocity at Mark 1 request
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
East Velocity at Mark1 request
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Up Velocity at Mark 1 request
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Roll at Mark1 request
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Pitch at Mark1 request
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Azimuth at Mark1 request
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status at Mark 1 request
Enum
4
H+84
14
Tag
Tag ID from TAGNEXTMARK command, if any
(default = 0)
Ulong
4
H+88
15
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+92
16
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.48 TAGGEDMARK2PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at a Tagged Mark2

TAGGEDMARK2PVA contains the same information as MARK2PVA with the addition of a
unique identifying number (tag).

The SPAN-CPT does not have a Mark2 input, so this log is not available for the SPAN-CPT.
The user specifies a TAG for the upcoming TAGGEDMARKPVA via the TAGNEXTMARK command. That tag
shows up at the end of this message, which is otherwise identical to the MARK2PVA message.
Message ID:
1259
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log taggedmark2pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#TAGGEDMARK2PVAA,COM1,0,73.0,FINESTEERING,1732,248347.693,000500a0,2ab3,12002;
1732,248347.692695400,51.11693017508,-114.03884746120,1046.3929,0.0009,0.0014,
0.0015,0.559580646,1.121028629,255.541153133,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,1234*1e97dd88
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark2 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
GNSS Seconds at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity
North Velocity at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
East Velocity at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Up Velocity at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Roll at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Pitch at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Azimuth at Mark2 request
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status at Mark2 request
Enum
4
H+84
14
Tag
Tag ID from TAGNEXTMARK command, if any
(default = 0)
Ulong
4
H+88
15
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+92
16
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.49 TAGGEDMARK3PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at a Tagged Mark3

TAGGEDMARK3PVA contains the same information as MARK3PVA with the addition of a
unique identifying number (tag).

This log is available only on SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
The user specifies a TAG for the upcoming TAGGEDMARKPVA via the TAGNEXTMARK command. That tag
shows up at the end of this message, which is otherwise identical to the MARK3PVA message.
Message ID:
1327
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log taggedmark3pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#TAGGEDMARK3PVAA,COM1,0,73.0,FINESTEERING,1732,248347.693,000500a0,2ab3,12002;
1732,248347.692695400,51.11693017508,-114.03884746120,1046.3929,0.0009,0.0014,
0.0015,0.559580646,1.121028629,255.541153133,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,1234*1e97dd88
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark3 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
GNSS Seconds at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity
North Velocity at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
East Velocity at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Up Velocity at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Roll at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Pitch at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Azimuth at Mark3 request
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status at Mark3 request
Enum
4
H+84
14
Tag
Tag ID from TAGNEXTMARK command, if any
(default = 0)
Ulong
4
H+88
15
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+92
16
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.50 TAGGEDMARK4PVA
Position, Velocity and Attitude at a Tagged Mark4

TAGGEDMARK4PVA contains the same information as MARK4PVA with the addition of a
unique identifying number (tag).

This log is available only on SPAN systems with an OEM638 or ProPak6 receiver.
The user specifies a TAG for the upcoming TAGGEDMARKPVA via the TAGNEXTMARK command. That tag
shows up at the end of this message, which is otherwise identical to the MARK4PVA message.
Message ID:
1328
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log taggedmark4pva onnew
Abbreviated ASCII Example:
#TAGGEDMARK4PVAA,COM1,0,73.0,FINESTEERING,1732,248347.693,000500a0,2ab3,12002;
1732,248347.692695400,51.11693017508,-114.03884746120,1046.3929,0.0009,0.0014,
0.0015,0.559580646,1.121028629,255.541153133,INS_SOLUTION_GOOD,1234*1e97dd88
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log Header
-
H
0
2
Week
GNSS Week at Mark4 request
Ulong
4
H
3
Seconds into Week
GNSS Seconds at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+4
4
Latitude
Latitude at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+12
5
Longitude
Longitude at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+20
6
Height
Height at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+28
7
North Velocity
North Velocity at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+36
8
East Velocity
East Velocity at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+44
9
Up Velocity
Up Velocity at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+52
10
Roll
Roll at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+60
11
Pitch
Pitch at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+68
12
Azimuth
Azimuth at Mark4 request
Double
8
H+76
13
Status
INS Status at Mark4 request
Enum
4
H+84
14
Tag
Tag ID from TAGNEXTMARK command, if any
(default = 0)
Ulong
4
H+88
15
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+92
16
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.51 TIMEDWHEELDATA
Timed Wheel Data
This log contains time stamped wheel sensor data. The time stamp in the header is the time of validity for the
wheel data and not the time the TIMEDWHEELDATA log was output.
See the relevant SPAN User Manual for information about wheel sensor messages.

Depending on the method used to connect the wheel sensor (through an iIMU-FSAS or
IMU-CPT, or directly into an IMU-IGM enclosure), either field 3 or field 4 of the log will be filled
for wheel velocity. They are equivalent, but are filled differently depending on what data is
provided to SPAN.
Note that neither velocity value is used by the SPAN filter. Rather, the SPAN filter uses
cumulative ticks per second.
Message ID:
622
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log timedwheeldataa onnew
ASCII Example:
%TIMEDWHEELDATAA,1393,411345.001;58,0,215.814910889,0,0,1942255*3b5fa236

Field #
This example is from the iMAR iMWS wheel sensor.
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header (short header)
-
H
0
2
Ticks Per Rev
Number of ticks per revolution
Ushort
2
H
3
Wheel Vel
Wheel velocity in counts/s
Ushort
2
H+2
4
fWheel Vel
Float wheel velocity in counts/s
Float
4
H+4
5
Reserved
Ulong
4
H+8
Ulong
4
H+12
6
7
Cumulative Ticks
Number of ticks
Long
4
H+16
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+20
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.52 TSS1
TSS1 Protocol for Heave, Roll and Pitch
This log provides heave, roll and pitch information in TSS1 protocol.


This message is in a different format than any other log output by the SPAN system.
To use this log, make sure that
•
Heave is enabled (see HEAVEFILTER on page 47)
•
the INS status is greater than INS_ALIGNMENT_COMPLETE
Message ID:
1456
Log Type:
Synch
Recommended Input:
log tss1a ontime 1
Message Format:
:XXAAAASMHHHHQMRRRRSMPPPP<CR><LF>
ASCII Example:
:00FFCA -0003F-0325
Field
0319
Field Type
Description
Symbol
Example
-
0
1
Log Header
Log header
2
Horizontal
Acceleration
Horizontal acceleration from 0 to 9.81m/s2.
Shown as a one byte unsigned hex number where the least
significant bit = 3.83 cm/s2.
XX
00
3
Vertical
Acceleration
Vertical acceleration from -20.48 to +20.48 m/s2.
Shown as a two byte hex number where the least significant
bit = 0.0625 cm/s2.
AAAA
FFCA
4
Space Character
A space delimiter.
S
5
Heave Polarity
Space if positive.
Minus sign (-) if negative.
M
-
6
Heave
Heave value from -99.99 to +99.99 m.
Shown as a four digit integer where the least significant
bit = 0.01 m.
HHHH
0003
7
Status Flag
F if INS Active.
H if INS has not completed an alignment.
Q
F
8
Roll Polarity
Space if positive.
M
-
RRRR
0325
Minus sign (-) if negative.
9
Roll
Roll value from -99.99 to +99.99 degrees.
Shown as a four digit integer where the least significant
bit = 0.01 degrees.
10
Space Character
A space delimiter.
176
S
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Field
Chapter 5
Field Type
Description
11
Pitch Polarity
Space if positive.
Minus sign (-) if negative.
12
Pitch
Pitch value from -99.99 to +99.99 degrees.
Shown as a four digit integer where the least significant
bit = 0.01 degrees.
13
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator
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Symbol
Example
M
PPPP
0319
<CR><LF>
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Chapter 5
INS Logs
5.2.53 VARIABLELEVERARM
Display Variable Lever Arm Details
Use this log to redisplay the re-calculated variable lever arm whenever a new INPUTGIMBALANGLE
command is received.

This log is not output until the INS alignment is complete.
Message ID:
1320
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log variableleverarma onnew
ASCII Example:
#VARIABLELEVERARMA,SPECIAL,0,81.5,FINESTEERING,1614,495820.512,40040000,0000,320;
-0.0959421909646755,0.1226971902356540,1.1319295452903300,
0.0100057787272846,0.0122604827412661,0.1131929545290330*9611d3c6
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
XOffset
SPAN computational frame x-axis offset
Double
8
H
3
YOffset
SPAN computational frame y-axis offset
Double
8
H+8
4
ZOffset
SPAN computational frame z-axis offset
Double
8
H+16
5
XUncert
X-axis uncertainty in metres
Double
8+24
H
6
YUncert
Y-axis uncertainty in metres
Double
8+32
H
7
ZUncert
Z-axis uncertainty in metres
Double
8+40
H
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+24
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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Chapter 5
5.2.54 VEHICLEBODYROTATION
Vehicle to SPAN Frame Rotation
This log reports the angular offset from the vehicle frame to the SPAN frame. The SPAN frame is defined by
the transformed IMU enclosure axis with z pointing up (refer SETIMUORIENTATION on page 66).

If the IMU is mounted with the z-axis pointing up (as marked on the IMU enclosure), the IMU
enclosure frame is the same as the SPAN frame.
This log reports whatever was entered using the VEHICLEBODYROTATION command (page 88) or whatever
was solved for after using the RVBCALIBRATE command (page 62).
Refer to VEHICLEBODYROTATION on page 88 for more information.
Message ID:
642
Recommended Input:
log vehiclebodyrotationa onchanged
ASCII Example:
#VEHICLEBODYROTATIONA,COM1,0,36.5,FINESTEERING,1264,144170.094,00000000,bcf2,1541;1.5869
999997474209,2.6639999995760122,77.6649999876392343,2.0000000000000000,2.000000000000000
0,5.0000000000000000*25f886cc
Field
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Offset
H
0
1
Log Header
Log Header
2
X Angle
Right-hand rotation about vehicle frame x-axis in degrees Double
8
H
3
Y Angle
Right-hand rotation about vehicle frame y-axis in degrees Double
8
H+8
4
Z Angle
Right-hand rotation about vehicle frame z-axis in degrees Double
8
H+16
5
X Uncertainty
Uncertainty of x-rotation in degrees (default = 0)
Double
8
H+24
6
Y Uncertainty
Uncertainty of y-rotation in degrees (default = 0)
Double
8
H+32
7
Z Uncertainty
Uncertainty of z-rotation in degrees (default = 0)
Double
8
H+40
8
xxxx
32-bit CRC
Hex
4
H+48
9
[CR][LF]
Sentence Terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
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5.2.55 WHEELSIZE
Wheel Size
This log contains wheel sensor information.
The inertial filter models the size of the wheel to compensate for changes in wheel circumference due to
hardware or environmental changes. The default wheel size is 1.96 m. A scale factor to this default size is
modeled in the filter and this log contains the current estimate of the wheel size.
Message ID:
646
Log Type:
Asynch
Recommended Input:
log wheelsizea onnew
ASCII Example:
#WHEELSIZEA,COM3,0,44.0,FINESTEERING,0,0.000,00000000,85f8,33738;
1.025108123,2.009211922,0.000453791*b65d28e6
Field
180
Field Type
Description
Format
Binary
Bytes
Binary
Offset
1
Log Header
Log header
-
H
0
2
Scale
Wheel sensor scale factor
Double
8
H
3
Circum
Wheel circumference (m)
Double
8
H+8
4
Var
Variance of circumference (m2)
Double
8
H+16
5
xxxx
32-bit CRC (ASCII, Binary and Short Binary only)
Hex
4
H+24
6
[CR][LF]
Sentence terminator (ASCII only)
-
-
-
SPAN on OEM6 Firmware Reference Manual Rev 5
Chapter 6
Variable Lever Arm
The variable lever arm concept arose to support applications in which the IMU is no longer rigidly fixed to the
vehicle, but rather on a gimballed mount. This creates an issue where the input lever arm offsets to the GNSS
antenna are no longer correct, because the IMU can rotate on its mount, while the antenna remains fixed.
The use of the variable lever arm functionality requires that the device to which the IMU is attached be able to
send its gimbal rotation angles back to SPAN. These angles are used to recalculate the lever arm at the rate
that they are received. SPAN will also be able to output a gimballed solution at the rate the gimbal angles are
received.
6.1
Technical Description
There are several frames of reference involved when dealing with a gimballed mount. The frames are all very
similar, but can be quite confusing due to small differences. Below are all frames applicable to the
implementation of the variable lever arm:
Frame
Description
Notation
SPAN body frame
The physical IMU axes
(b)
SPAN computational frame
Standard SPAN computational frame where Z is up, Y is
forward and X is right
(s)
Vehicle frame
SPAN computational frame may be rotated to match the
vehicle frame using the VEHICLEBODYROTATION command
(v)
Mount body frame
The physical axes of the gimballed mount
(mb)
Gimbal body frame
The physical axes of the gimbal plane that matches the mount
body frame when gimbal angles are zero
(gb)
Mount computation frame
Mapping 5 applied to the mount body frame
(mc)
Gimbal computation frame
Mapping 5 applied to the gimbal body frame
(gc)
Mount SPAN frame
Mapping five and GIMBALSPANROTATION applied to the
mount frame so that the mount and SPAN frames are
coincident when gimbal angles are zero
(m)
Gimbal SPAN frame
Mapping 5 and GIMBALSPANROTATION applied to the gimbal
frame so that the gimbal and SPAN frames are coincident
(g)
Figure 4, Simple Configuration and Figure 5, Rotation Results on page 182 illustrate a basic scenario for the
information in the table above. Figure 4, Simple Configuration shows a possible configuration for the mount
body frame and SPAN frame. Figure 5, Rotation Results shows the desired result of all rotations: all three
frames have the same axis definitions.
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Chapter 6
Variable Lever Arm
Figure 4: Simple Configuration
Figure 5: Rotation Results
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Variable Lever Arm
6.2
Chapter 6
How to Use Variable Lever Arm
The variable lever arm functionality is simple to use in a SPAN system. It requires the input of gimbal angles
from the camera mount or platform that the IMU is mounted on. After that is provided, the system will
automatically compute the variable lever arm and produce several messages for output.
Ensuring a proper variable lever arm is important for SPAN performance.
6.2.1
Basic I/O
The variable lever arm functionality is based on the input of INPUTGIMBALANGLE commands. This command
inputs the gimbal angles from whatever platform the IMU is mounted on and is input in the mount body frame
(mb). Entering this command will automatically cause the system to rotate the static lever arm into the latest
gimballed frame. The update rate of the variable lever arm depends on the rate of the gimbal commands
which can be entered at 1 to 50 Hz. If an INPUTGIMBALANGLE command is not received for over 1 second
then the system will return to using the static lever arm.
In addition to using the variable lever arm internally, the following information is available to the user.
Table 42: Logs used with Variable Lever Arm
Log
VARIABLELEVERARM
Description
This log displays the calculated variable lever arm.
The format of this log is similar to the BESTLEVERARM logs, except that the
mapping field is not displayed. The mapping field is not shown because the
VARIABLELEVERARM log is output in SPAN Computation frame rather than the
IMU body frame that is used by all the other logs. This makes the mapping field
irrelevant for the VARIABLELEVERARM log.
GIMBALLEDPVA
This log has the same format as the INSPVA log, but displays the position,
velocity and attitude related back to the camera mount frame. The INSPVA log
always displays where the IMU is truly pointing (adjusted by the
VEHICLEBODYROTATION command). When the camera mount is in its zero
locked position, the GIMBALLEDPVA log will match the standard INSPVA log.
INSPVA
The INSPVA log is synchronous so does not depend on the entry of
INPUTGIMBALANGLE logs. However when the Gimbal angles are non-zero, the
INSPVA log no longer represents the orientation of the camera mount / vehicle,
but rather the current orientation of the unlocked camera. If the orientation of the
camera mount / vehicle are important, use the GIMBALLEDPVA log.
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Chapter 6
6.2.2
Variable Lever Arm
Rotations and Mapping
For the information provided by the system to be meaningful, the rotations have to be set up as desired by
the user. By default the system assumes that the IMU and camera mount are oriented to the SPAN standard
of Y-forward, Z-up, and X-right. If this is not the case then additional commands are necessary to relate all of
the different frames together using the commands below.
Table 43: Commands used with Variable Lever Arm
Command
184
Purpose
SETIMUORIENTATION
The IMU orientation is computed by the SPAN system when it is static using
accelerometer data. However, it can also be entered if static data will not
be available. The IMU orientation identifies which IMU axis is aligned with
gravity and whether it is down or up in relation to gravity. This is required
information before the SPAN system can complete an inertial alignment.
This command relates the IMU body frame (b) to the SPAN computational
frame (c).
SETGIMBALORIENTATION
Similar to the IMU orientation, if the camera mount axes are not in the
default orientation, the axis aligned with gravity must be identified. Unlike
the IMU orientation, this cannot be determined automatically by the
system. This command relates the mount body frame (mb) to the mount
computational frame (mc).
VEHICLEBODYROTATION
The default SPAN orientation assumes that the Y-axis of the IMU is
mounted forward aligned with the forward axis of the vehicle. If this is not
true then this command can be entered to rotate the output so that this is
true. This command is applied after the raw data is re-mapped according
to the SETIMUORIENTATION command, so usually only a rotation about Z
is required. For this to take effect the APPLYVEHICLEBODYROTATION
command must also be sent. This command relates the SPAN computation
frame (c) to the vehicle frame (v).
GIMBALSPANROTATION
Similar to the VEHICLEBODYROTATION command, the system must know
if the mapped axes of the SPAN system and mount do not match. For
example, if the X-axis of the camera mount is aligned with the Y-axis of the
SPAN system. This command relates the mount computational frame (mc)
to the SPAN computational frame (c).
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Variable Lever Arm
6.3
Chapter 6
The Vehicle Frame
The definition of the vehicle frame is as follows:
•
z-axis – points up through the roof of the vehicle perpendicular to the ground
•
y-axis – points out the front of the vehicle in the direction of travel
•
x-axis – completes the right-handed system (out the right-hand side of the vehicle when facing
forward)
Figure 6: Vehicle Frame
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Chapter 7
Relative INS
Novatel's Relative INS technology generates a position, velocity and full attitude vector between two SPAN
systems. One is the Master receiver and the other is the Rover receiver. Once configured, the Master
receiver begins transmitting corrections to the Rover receiver. Relative information is created and the system
begins filling the RELINSPVA and SYNCRELINSPVA logs on the Rover receiver. The RELINSPVA log is then
transmitted back to the Master receiver for output.
The data link required must be able to support [864bits+108bits x #obs tracked per second]. The RELINSPVA
log is requested ONNEW (available from 1Hz-20Hz depending on the setup of the RELINSAUTOMATION
command) while the SYNCRELINSPVA log can be requested ONTIME at up to 200Hz (at the rover only).
Position and velocity solutions are differenced in the ECEF frame and then rotated into the local level. The
Relative offset vector that is output is dependent on Master/Rover's precise RTK vector and their eccentric
offset vectors (optional offset provided by the SETINSOFFSET command), shown in Figure 7, Relative INS
Example.
Figure 7: Relative INS Example
Rover
IMU
Eccentric Offset
Vector
Precise RTK
Vector
Relative Offset
Vector
Master
Eccentric Offset
Vector
IMU
An important command that can be used with Relative INS to manually change the maximum amount of time
to use RTK data is RTKTIMEOUT. This command is used to set the maximum age of RTK data to use when
operating as a rover station. RTK data received that is older than the specified time is ignored. The default is
60 seconds, however when using Relative INS, it is suggested this be set to 5 seconds by sending the
command RTKTIMEOUT 5.

186
For information about the RTKTIMEOUT command, refer to the OEM6 Family Firmware
Reference Manual (OM-20000129).
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7.1
Chapter 7
Configure Relative INS
To configure the receivers to begin computing the relative information:
1. Setup a link between the receivers that will be used to transfer data (for example, radios).
2. Send the RELINSAUTOMATION command only at the Rover receiver to enable the transfer of relative
corrections between receivers.

The Model option must be present on both the rover and master for the Relative INS feature to
be enabled.
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OM-20000144
Rev 5
August 2014
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