Manual PDF

User’s Manual
PRBS/Pattern Generator
Part No. APG-3G
Digital Signal Technology, Inc.
1-7-30, Higashi Benzai, Asaka, Saitama, 351-0022, Japan
TEL : 81-48-468-6094 FAX : 81-48-468-6210
WEB : http://www.dst.co.jp/en
Email : info@dst.co.jp
Contents
1
General description
………………… 3
2
Specification
………………… 3
3
Memory configuration
………………… 4
4
Explanation for pattern output mode
………………… 5
5
Outer dimension
………………… 6
6
Connector
………………… 6
7
Description of LEDs on board
………………… 7
8
How to control by synchronous serial data
………………… 7
9
Examples for how to set commands
………………… 13
10
Factory default settings
………………… 14
11
Shipping inspection
………………… 15
12
Warranty
………………… 15
13
Accessories
………………… 15
14
Others
………………… 15
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1. General description
Independent 2 outputs are provided, which can be set different patterns.
2. Specification
2-1. Electrical specification
1) Input clock
SMB connector 50 ohm single end AC coupling
Sine wave 30MHz~3000MHz -3dBm~3dBm
Square wave 2KHz~3000MHz -3dBm~3dBm
Shutdown/startup time is within 4nS.
2) Trigger input
SMB connector 3.3V CMOS
Duty ratio 50±10%
Pulled up internally at 10K ohm
There is a jitter of +/-5nS up to pattern output start relative to trigger input.
3) Pattern output
SMB connector
Differential PECL
2channels
Individual channel patterns can be set. Skew between channels is within 20ps.
4) Clock output
SMB connector
Differential PECL
Skew between patterns is within 100ns.
5) Output bit length
1) External trigger mode
Any bit length in a multiple of 32 of 32bit~256kbits per 1ch
2) Continuous mode
Any bit length in a multiple of an even number of 32bit~256kbits per 1ch
6) Bit trigger output mode
1) External trigger mode
2) Continuous mode
8) Frequency counter
Frequency is counted by internal standard clock.
Measurement accuracy is +/-50ppm.
Measurement range is from 0.1MHz to 3040.0MHz.
7) LED on board
1) FPGA normal operation display
2) Pattern outputting(also combining with alarm output)
3) Frequency judgment of input RF clock
8) Control
Asynchronous serial communication
9600bps, 8 bit, 1 stop bit, non-parity
Signal level 3.3VCMOS
9) Power requirements
3.3V single power +/-0.2V
10)Outer dimensions
100mm x 80mm
max. 1200mA
2-2. Environmental condition
1) Operating temp. range
0~+60 degree C
2) Storage temp. range
-30~+70 degree C
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2-3. Output wave example
3Gbps PCIExpress Compliance pattern
Clock
Output
CH0
CH1
3. Memory configuration
APG-3G has a pattern memory and a Flash memory. The pattern memory is volatile, and its data is lost
when the power is turned OFF. The Flash memory is non-volatile, and its data is held even when the
power is turned OFF. If any pattern is stored in the Flash memory, data in the Flash memory is copied to a
pattern memory when the power is turned on. If no data is stored in the Flash memory, the pattern
memory is cleared to “0” when the power is turned on. After storing data in a pattern memory in
asynchronous serial, save it in the Flash memory with the SAVE command. Patterns of CH0 and CH1 are
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output from the pattern memory. Refer to the description of the command for details of the above
operation.
4. The explanation of pattern output mode
4-1. Description of external trigger mode
In this mode, the L level of the external trigger terminal is detected and data of a pattern memory is output
only once. The bit pattern of a specified bit length is output from the head of the pattern memory. Refer to
the description of the command for writing to the pattern memory and setting a bit length. If the trigger
becomes the Low level before the bit pattern output is completed, pattern output is restarted at the time
when the trigger becomes the Low level. The external trigger terminal is pulled up inside, and can be put
to an external trigger only by connecting a push-on switch or the like. There is a jitter of ±5nS from a time
when the external trigger is on to start of pattern output.
In the external trigger mode, only bit length in a multiple of 32 bits can be set. Add a dummy “0” behind the
desired bit pattern and set a bit length in a multiple of 32.
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4-2.Description of continuous repetition mode
The set pattern is repeatedly output. A bit pattern is output from the head of the pattern memory, and the
output returns to the head when the specified bit length is reached. Refer to the description of the
command for setting the pattern memory and bit length.
In the continuous mode, a bit length of an odd number and a bit length not larger than 32 bits cannot be
set. When setting a bit length of an odd number and not larger than 32 bits, couple some of the desired bit
patterns to set a bit length of an even number not less than 32 bits.
5. Outer dimension
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6. Connector
6-1. Connector names and description
_____
Connector number
Name
Description
JP1
RESERVED
Not used. This connector must be opened
J1
CH0_P
PECL positive output(SMB) for CH0
J2
CH0_N
PECL negative output(SMB) for CH0
J3
CH1_P
PECL positive output(SMB) for CH0
J4
CH1_N
PECL positive output(SMB) for CH0
J5
CLK_P
PECL positive output(SMB) for Clock
J6
CLK_N
PECL positive output(SMB) for Clock
J7
PWR
Power supply terminal
Part No. DF1BZ-2P-2.5DSA Manufacturer:Hirose
J8
RF_IN
Clock input(SMB)
J9
RESERVED
Not used. This connector must be opened.
J10
ASYNC
Asynchronous serial communication control
Part No. DF1BZ-3P-2.5DSA
J11
TRG
Manufacturer:Hirose
Input pin under external trigger mode
6-2.J7 Connecter pin assignment (Part No DF1BZ-2P-2.5DSA Manufacturer: Hirose)
Pin number.
Name
Description
1
+3.3V
Supply +3.3V
2
GND
GND
6-3.J10
Connecter pin assignment (Part No.DF1BZ-3P-2.5DSA Manufacturer: Hirose)
Pin number
Name
Description
1
GND
GND
2
RXD
Receiving port(Host → APG-3G)
3
TXD
Transmitting port(Host ← APG-3G)
7.Description of LEDs on board
LED1:
Lights when FPGA is normally starting.
LED2:
Lights in the continuous repetition mode and the external trigger mode.
This flashes when any error occurs in bit synchronization between 2 channels of pattern output.
LED3:
Can be used for simple diagnosis of input clock quality as a result of frequency judgment for input
clock.
This lights in the case of LowLimit < frequency of input clock < HighLimit.
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Refer to the description of the command for setting LowLimit or HighLimit.
8. Control by asynchronous serial communication data
How to set from a PC serial port(RS-232C) is explained below.
8-1. Communication specification
Speed
9600bps
Data bits
8 bits
Stop bits
1 bit
Parity
None
Flow control
None
Logic Level
3.3V CMOS
8-2. RS-232C connection
The logic level of APG-3G serial communication is 3.3V CMOS, which cannot be directly connected to
RS-232C level such as PC serial port. Level conversion between RS-232C and 3.3V CMOS is
needed.
As an option, our level converter, LVC-232C is available for your convenience. Please refer to our
Home Page;
http://dst.co.jp/en/manuals/lvc232c.pdf
8-3. Definition of command
A character string enclosed by “ ” means ASCII code, and “CR” and “LF” are control codes, meaning
0D (hex) and 0A (hex). "_" (underscore) means a space. If any invalid command is entered, “INVALID
DATA,” “CR,” “LF” is returned. Characters to be entered shall be entered in uppercase. If a normal
command is entered, “*” “CR,” “LF” is returned. In addition, the entered data is echoed back.
8-3-1. Command related to frequency counter
(1) FRQ-LO command
“FRQ-LO_dddd.d”CR LF
dddd.d: The LOW limit of the entered frequency shall be set in units of MHz. When the frequency
becomes higher than the set LOW limit, LED2 lights off. Even if the frequency judgment function is
not set, it does not relate to pattern output operation.
To set 2400.1MHz, enter the following data.
“FRQ-LO_2400.1” CR LF
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(2) FRQ-HI command
“FRQ-HI _ddddd.d”CR LF
dddd.d: The HIGH limit of an input frequency shall be set in units of MHz. When the frequency
becomes lower than the set HIGH limit, the LED2 lights off. Even if the frequency judgment function is
not set, it does not relate to pattern output operation.
To set 2400.1MHz, enter the following data.
“FRQ-HI _2400.1” CR LF
8-3-2. Command related to pattern memory writing
(1) PS0 BRAM CSD command
This is a data transmission command set to the CH0 pattern memory.
When “PS0”CR LF is entered, the pattern memory acceptable status for a command CH0 is set in.
Further, transmit the PDATA command subsequently.
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
For xxxx, data shall be specified in hexadecimals of 4 digits + 4 digits. Data is stored sequentially
from previously transmitted data in the pattern memory from the first one. In addition, data of
hexadecimals of 4 digits + 4 digits is stored in a pattern memory with MSB first.
After completing transmission of the pattern, transmit “CSD”CR LF. Data transmission to the pattern
memory is completed with “CSD”CR LF.
Even if the data has not reached 256kbit at the time transmission of data for a pattern memory is
completed, transmission of the pattern can be interrupted by transmitting “CSD”CR LF. When no
pattern data is stored in the Flash memory, the pattern memory is initialized to “0” when the power is
turned on. When intentionally using “0” data, it is unnecessary to transmit data to the pattern memory.
For example, when setting a bit pattern as shown in the figure, enter as follows.
“PS0”CR LF
“BRAM_3EAA_AC15”CR LF
“BRAM_5500_0000”CR LF
“CSD”CR LF
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(2) PS1 BRAM CSD command
This is a data transmission command set to the CH1 pattern memory. Similar to CH0, transmit
“PS1”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“BRAM_xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“CSD”CR LF
sequentially to set a command to CH1.
(3) CLEAR command
When “CLEAR”CR LF is entered, pattern memories of both of CH0 and CH1 are cleared to “0”.
(4) LENGTH command
When “LENGTH_xxxx_xxxx” CR LF is entered, a pattern length is set. For xxxx xxxx, specify a
pattern length in 8 digit-hexadecimal. APG-3G has a memory of 256kbit, however, outputs patterns
by bit number of head set in LENGTH. CH0 and CH1 cannot be individually set for the LENGTH
command.
For example, when setting 40 bits, enter the following data.
“LENGTH_0000_0028” CR LF
(5) RD-P command
When “RD-P”CR LF is entered, data of a pattern memory is dumped. When interrupting dumping,
enter “S”. As shown below, dumping is done from the first address of CH0 sequentially, and after
ending dumping of CH0, subsequently dumping is done sequentially from the first address of CH1.
Every 32 bits are dumped on one line.
“CH0 PATTERN MEMORY”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
:
:
“CH1 PATTERN MEMORY”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
:
:
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8-3-3. Command related to the start and stop of pattern output
(1) CNT command
When “CNT”CR LF is entered, pattern output is started in the continuous repetition mode.
When pattern output is started in the continuous repetition mode, the LED2 lights. Bit synchronization
between 2 channels may be lost due to exogenous noise or the like. When bit synchronization is lost,
the LED2 flashes. In addition, whether synchronization between bits is lost or not can be confirmed
with the START command. When synchronization between bits is lost, enter “CNT”CR LF again to
eliminate bit synchronization loss.
(2) TRG command
When “TRG”CR LF is entered, pattern output is started in the external trigger mode. When an external
trigger is set, the set pattern is output once.
When pattern output is started in the external trigger mode, the LED2 flashes. Bit synchronization
between 2 channels may be lost due to exogenous noise or the like. When bit synchronization is lost,
the LED2 flashes. In addition, whether synchronization between bits is lost or cannot be confirmed
with the START command. When synchronization between bits is lost, enter “CNT”CR LF again to
eliminate bit synchronization loss.
(3) STOP command
When “STOP”CR LF is entered, pattern output is stopped and the LED2 lights off.
8-3-4. Command related to the flash memory
(1) SAVE command
When “SAVE”CR is entered, information of the currently set pattern memory content, pattern length,
HIGH/LOW limit of an input frequency, pattern burst stopping/repetition mode/external trigger mode is
written in a flash memory.
When the power is turned on, these pieces of information are read out and set. When the SAVE
command is executed in the repetition mode or the external trigger mode, the repetition mode/external
trigger mode is set when the power is turned on next time. Unless correctly written, the following
response returns.
“FLASH ERROR”CR LF
(2) ERASE command
When “ERASE”CR is entered, data stored in the flash memory is erased. Unless data in the flash
memory is correctly erased, the following response returns.
“FLASH ERROR”CR LF
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(3) RD-F command
When “RD-F”CR LF is entered, data in the FLASH memory is dumped. When interrupting dumping,
enter “S”. As shown below, dumping is done from the first address of CH0 sequentially, and after
ending dumping of CH0, subsequent dumping is done sequentially from the first address of CH1.
Every 32 bits are dumped on one line.
“CH0 FLASH MEMORY”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
:
:
“CH1 FLASH MEMORY”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
“xxxx_xxxx”CR LF
:
:
8-3-5. Command related to setting parameters readout
(1) STAT command
When “STAT” CR LF is entered, a frequency of an input clock, frequency limit, set bit length,
continuous repetition/external trigger/stopping, status of synchronization between channels are output
sequentially.
The response is as follows.
“RF_IN=dddd.dMHz”CR LF
“FRQ_LO=dddd.dMHz”CR LF
“FRQ_HI=dddd.dMHz”CR LF
“LENGTH=0xXXXXXXXX”CR LF
“CNT”CR LF or “TRG”CR LF, or “STOP”CR LF
“Clock-Error”CR LF or no message
When “Clock-Error” is returned, there occurs a bit synchronization error between channels,
therefore, send the CNT command and the TRG command again to eliminate synchronization loss
between 2 channels.
8-3-6. Other command
(1)HELP command
When “HELP” CR LF is entered, a list and description of each command are output.
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8-3-7. Precautions for input clock
APG-3G measures a frequency of the input clock at the time when the CNT command or the TRG
command is entered, and adjusts hardware for data based on the measured frequency. When
changing the frequency of the input clock in the process of the continuous repetition mode and the
external trigger mode, send the CNT command and the TRG command again. In addition, when
saving data in the CNT mode or TRG mode, connect the input clock before turning on the power
because the TRG mode or CNT mode is set when turning on the power next time.
When a clock is entered from SG, bit synchronization between 2 channels may be lost due to
transient phenomenon of SG when parameters (such as frequency, output level, output ON/OFF) of
SG are changed. When there occurs any bit synchronization loss, the LED2 flashes, then send the
CNT command and the TRG command to eliminate synchronization loss between 2 channels. Loss of
bit synchronization can be confirmed even with the STAT command.
Bit synchronization between 2 channels may be also lost due to exogenous noise or the like. It is
recommended to periodically monitor bit synchronization loss with the STAT command or by visual
check of LED2.
8-3-8. Precautions when continuously setting data
When sending commands at high speeds, APG-3G may omit any data because it does not perform
flow control. When processing of each command is completed, a prompt of “*” is returned, then send
the next command after confirming reception of this prompt.
9. Command setting example
A command setting example is described as an example of a pattern to output a compliance pattern of
PCIExpress in the continuous pattern output mode. As shown in the figure, a compliance pattern of 40
bits is output from CH0, and a pattern for trigger is output from CH1.
(1) Turn on the power and return the following message when initialization is normally completed.
“DST APG-3G Ver1.0A”CR LF
(2) Connect the input clock and confirm that the desired frequency is obtained with the STAT
command.
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“STAT”CR LF
(3) Set a frequency limit so that the frequency judgment function of the LED3 can be used. It is
recommended to set a frequency limit with some allowance in consideration of variation in frequency
of clock source used and measurement accuracy of frequency counter in this equipment, In addition,
even if the frequency judgment function is not set, it does not relate to pattern output operation.
“FRQ-LO_dddd.d”CR LF
“FRQ- HI_dddd.d”CR LF
(3) Send data of 40 bits to a pattern memory of CH0.
“PS0”CR LF
“BRAM_3EAA_AC15”CR LF
“BRAM_5500_0000”CR LF
“CSD”CR LF
(4) Send data to a pattern memory of CH1. In CH1, only the first one bit is “1”, therefore, the BRAM
command is used only once.
“PS1”CR LF
“BRAM_8000_0000”CR LF
“CSD”CR LF
(5) Set a pattern length.
“LENGTH_0000_0028”CR LF
(6) Start pattern output in the continuous repetition mode.
“CNT”CR LF
(7) Save in the flash memory.
“SAVE”CR LF
In the flash memory, information of pattern memory content, pattern length, continuous
repetition/external trigger/stopping, and frequency limit are stored. Output of a compliance pattern of
PCIExpress is started immediately when the power is turned on next time.
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10. Factory default settings
Data is written in the Flash memory at the time of factory shipment so as to output the compliance
pattern of PCIExpress described in 8. Command setting example. Data other than pattern data is written
as follows.
FRQ_LO=0000.0MHz
FRQ_LHI=3000.0MHz
LENGTH=0x00000028
CNT mode
11. Shipping inspection
100% inspection shall be performed for the electrical specification in 2-1.
12. Warranty
If any defect is found due to the manufacturer’s improper production or design within one year after
delivery, repair or replacement shall be performed at the manufacturer’s responsibility. Digital Signal
Technology, Inc assumes no liability for damages that may occur as a result of handling by users even
though the warranty period.
13. Accessories
For power supply
(J7 on PCB)2P connector cable
For asynchronous serial communication
1 piece
(J10 on PCB)3Pconnector cable
Spacer/screw
1 piece
4 sets
14. Others
14-1. This product, which employs a CMOS device, may be easily damaged by static electricity. DS
Technology, Inc. assumed no liability for damages that may occur as the result of handling by users
even through the above warranty period.
14-2. Do not supply over voltage power supply, or module may be damaged. DS Technology, Inc.
assumes no liability for damages that may occur as the result of handling by users even though the
above warranty period.
Descriptions of this manual are subject to change without notice.
No portion of this manual can be reproduced without the permission of Digital Signal Technology.
Digital Signal Technology assumed no liability for damages that may occur as a result of handling
by users.
The contents of this manual do not apply to the warranty in executing an industrial property or
other rights, nor permission for the right of execution.
Digital Signal Technology assumes no responsibility for the third party’s industrial property
occurred from using the circuits described in this manual.
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