SMC PME 500 TR Manual - Test and Measurement Hire Ltd

PME-500-TR
Three-phase High- and Medium-voltage Circuit Breaker Analyzer
User’s Manual
Quality is the core reference for EuroSMC’s activities, aimed to fully satisfy our customers’
needs and expectations.
DISCLAIMER
The information, product specifications, and technical data contained in this
document imply no contractual binding to EuroSMC’s responsibility. The user is the
sole responsible for the application of the products mentioned in this document.
EuroSMC explicitly exonerates itself from liability to accidents or unwanted results,
directly or indirectly derived from mistakes made in the writing of this document.
Copying or reproducing all or part of this document is not allowed without the
explicit written permission from EuroSMC. Due to continuing development and
quality improvements, EuroSMC reserves the right to make changes in their products
without notice.
PME-500-TR
EDITION: July 7th, 2008
VERSION: 7
Operation Manual
CONTENTS
PME-500-TR
PC connection .....................................................................................20
Using EuroBREAKER™ ........................................................................21
INTRODUCTION .................................................................. 5
THE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY .............................................. 21
PME-500-TR PACKING LIST ................................................ 6
LOADING PRINTER PAPER................................................... 22
CONNECTING THE PME-500-TR TO THE BREAKER ................... 7
Manual feed: ......................................................................................22
Wiring the Coil Control circuits............................................................. 7
Automatic feed: ..................................................................................22
Protecting the breaker’s coils.............................................................. 8
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS .............................................. 24
Wiring Main Contacts........................................................................... 8
BASIC TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................. 27
Using the Auxiliary Inputs.................................................................... 8
PHYSICAL EQUIPMENT OVERVIEW ....................................................27
The front panel ............................................................................................ 27
Accessing the internal assembly .................................................................... 27
Internal fuses ............................................................................................... 29
Res. Measure Connector....................................................................... 9
TOUCH SCREEN BUTTONS..................................................... 9
MODIFYING DATA FIELDS................................................... 12
Touch Keyboard .................................................................................12
INITIAL EQUIPMENT SETUP ................................................. 13
BREAKER IDENTIFICATION DATA .......................................... 13
TEST SETUP ...................................................................... 13
PROBLEMS, CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS ..............................................30
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES ...................................................32
1. Display Contrast RESET............................................................................ 32
2. Adjusting the Display Contrast .................................................................. 32
3. RESETting the Microprocessor .................................................................. 33
4. CLOSE & TRIP Command Duration.......................................................... 33
5. Resetting the recharge controller............................................................... 34
AFTER-SALES SERVICE AND WARRANTY ................................. 36
TEST EXECUTION ............................................................... 15
WARRANTY .........................................................................................36
Time & Coil Current Analysis .............................................................15
CUSTOMER SUPPORT .........................................................................36
Contact Resistance Measurement......................................................17
OTHER EUROSMC PRODUCTS ...................................... 36
ERROR AND STATUS MESSAGES ........................................... 17
TEST RESULTS ................................................................... 18
On-screen viewing .............................................................................19
Printing the test report ......................................................................19
Storage and retrieval of tests............................................................19
USING THE PC SOFTWARE .................................................. 20
Operation Manual
Introduction
PME-500-TR
PME-500-TR packing list
The PME-500-TR circuit breaker analyzer has been designed to simplify tests of contact
synchronism, coil current analysis and contact resistance measurement on medium
voltage circuit breakers, or in any case, on circuit breakers with a single contact per pole.
Its use for circuit breakers with multiple contacts per pole is not advised, although this
might occasionally be done by means of a more laborious process.
1 PME-500-TR unit
1 Calibration certificate
1 Warranty statement and registration form
1 User’s Manual
The use of the touch screen panel makes operation of the unit and data entry processes
easier and more intuitive.
1 2.5 m AC supply cord
The multi-pole connecting blocks have been duplicated with standard banana-type
connectors in case any of the multi-wire test leads are accidentally damaged, lost or made
unavailable in any way.
1 trip/close coil control and current measurement test lead 5-meter
The internal battery supply makes the equipment independent from the low voltage AC
supply, not always available or close enough to the place of operation.
1 three-phase main contact test lead 5-meter
The contact resistance measurement is performed on the three poles at a time using the
four-wire method and with an outstanding resolution of 0.1 micro-ohms under a
measurement current of 10 A.
1 set of spare fuses
Please read this operation manual before using the PME-500-TR for the first time. The
support team at EuroSMC will be very pleased to answer your questions if any arise.
Congratulations for your good choice and thank you for considering EuroSMC products
and services.
1 set of crocodile-type clamps
1 auxiliary inputs test lead 5-meter
1 three-phase resistance measurement test lead 5-meter
1 pair of overvoltage protective diodes
1 spare thermal paper roll
1 RS-232 cable for PC connection
EUROSMC, S.A.
1 EuroBreaker™ program for Windows
Pol. Ind. P-29 Calle Buril, 69
1 Lightweight nylon bag for protection and transport
28400 Collado Villalba
MADRID (SPAIN)
TEL: 34-91-849.89.80 / FAX: 34-91-851.25.53
sales@eurosmc.com
http://www.eurosmc.com
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
Protecting the breaker’s coils
Connecting the PME-500-TR to the breaker
Connect the supplied overvoltage protection diodes
in parallel to the trip and close coils following their
polarity. This will prevent the coils from overheating
if a wrong connection to the PME-500-TR is made
or if the auxiliary contacts in charge of
disconnecting the coils from the DC supply do not
work correctly.
The PME-500-TR connects to the circuit breaker under test by means of four multi-pole
connectors. The first three (Coil Control, Main Contacts and Auxiliary Inputs) are
duplicated with equivalent banana-type connectors in case any of the supplied multi-wire
leads is lost or damaged. Once you have the instrument correctly wired to the breaker, the
rest of the job is greatly simplified. A brief description of these connections follows.
Wiring the Coil Control circuits
WARNING! Auxiliary voltage inside a circuit breaker can
reach 250 Vdc. Be sure that auxiliary supply is disconnected
before manipulating the operation coil circuits of the
breaker.
This is the most controversial point of connection for new users. The key to proper cabling
is understanding that two internal solid-state PME-500-TR’s contactors are supposed to
control (rather than to provide) the DC supply circuits of both (Trip and Close) coils of the
breaker. Hence, these contactors must be connected in series with their corresponding
coils and polarity must be respected. Look at the diagram in the instrument’s lid. If you are
breaking at the positive side of the breaker’s coils, then connect each black T or C lead
to its corresponding coil and the blue leads to a point coming from the positive side of the
DC supply. Use the opposite color scheme if you are breaking at the negative side of the
coils. This setup will give TRIP/CLOSE control to the PME-500-TR for easier, faster and
more accurate testing.
The multi-pole connector is duplicated so that standard bananas can be used instead
(black corresponds to negative and green to positive).
Wiring Main Contacts
The breaker’s main contacts are wired to the PME-500-TR through this connector. Attach
the red “C” terminals to one side of the poles and the black ones to the other side. Use
order 1, 2 and 3 and colors consistently at each pole. If you use the duplicate 4-mm
connectors, you will have to bridge one side of the three poles to make a common point
and connect it to the “Com.” connector.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: WITH GROUNDED BREAKERS – Time and resistance tests are
not possible while both sides of the breaker are connected to ground. You can keep
only one side connected to ground as long as you use the black banana terminals to
the poles on that side, and the red ones to the free poles.
For timing tests, the PME-500-TR injects a low (100 mA) current through the breaker’s
poles using these leads, in order to detect and record changes in the contact status.
For resistance measurement, a 10 A test current is injected using these wires, and the
voltage drop is measured at the terminals of the contact resistance connector (described
later in this section) that should also be wired to the poles for this purpose.
DC Polarity to the breaker’s coils must be respected in this
cabling procedure or the control actions from the PME-500TR will not be performed at all.
Red LED indicators will be lit instantaneously whenever the PME-500-TR completes the
circuits into which these contacts are inserted.
If you accidentally apply any significant voltage to these
leads, one or more internal fuses might be blown. Should
this occur, refer to the troubleshooting section at the end of
this manual for instructions on fuse replacement.
Using the Auxiliary Inputs
These additional input channels can be used independently for two different purposes:
7
1)
Analyzing the open/close activity of any two contacts inside or related to the circuit
breaker during with the timing test.
2)
Detecting contact or voltage changes at any two points inside or related to the
breaker to start the timer and the data recording process. This is called ‘trigger
event’ detection, described in the test setup section.
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
These inputs are fully isolated from each other and from the earth of the equipment and
have no polarity. Two pairs of LEDs next to the duplicate 4-mm connectors indicate the
mode (dry contact or voltage detection) to which these inputs have been set up as later
described in the Test Menu section. Protection against accidental overvoltage (above 400
V) is provided for these inputs by means of internal fuses. Refer to the troubleshooting
section at the end of this manual for instructions on locating and replacing these fuses.
ON / OFF
The ON/OFF switch serves two purposes: 1) turning the unit
ON or OFF when held down for a few seconds, and 2) turning
the LCD backlight on and off with a short press.
LCD contrast adjustment. Press and hold to increase the
contrast. Release, then press and hold to decrease… and so on.
The auxiliary inputs are commonly used to analyze the breaker’s coil contacts timing with
relationship to the main contacts, but it is also frequent to connect them to some other
points inside the breaker or affected by its operation, like auxiliary contacts or monitoring
points, also for time analysis purposes. However, using these inputs as test initiators is also
a powerful technique when, for example, you cannot drive the breaker from the PTE-500TR or you want to refer the time analysis to an electrical event other than the START
command in the instrument. This technique is further described in the Test Execution
section.
Up and Down cursor arrows allow navigation through data
fields, parameter values and menu choices.
Edit Button. Touch it to modify selected data fields or
parameter choices.
Res. Measure Connector
Enter Button. Touch it to confirm the setting of a parameter or
a selection from a menu.
As explained before, when resistance measurement is conducted, a 10 A test current is
injected through the main contact connector’s leads and the voltage drop at the contacts
is measured by the leads in this connector.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: WITH GROUNDED BREAKERS – Time and resistance tests are
not possible while both sides of the breaker are connected to ground. You can keep
only one side connected to ground as long as you use the black banana terminals to
the poles on that side, and the red ones to the free poles.
Test memory cleanup. Press and hold this button to fully
delete the test identification, test setup and temporary results in
memory. Test setup parameters will revert to factory default
settings.
This 4-wire method provides adequate accuracy as long as connections are made firmly
and in the correct order, which is the pole’s contact inside the Res. Measure points and all
this inside the Contacts connections. Phase order (1, 2, 3) and polarity (Red, Black) must
also be consistent between the Main Contact lead set and the Resistance Measurement
terminal set. If you connect the main Contacts leads in between the Res. Measure leads,
you will get a wrong, useless resistance value because this will include the resistance of the
Contacts test leads’ connections.
New test. Similar to the previous button, but only the results of
the latest test will be cleared from memory. Identification data
and test setup parameters will not be deleted. You don’t need to
use this button before every new test, because temporary test
memory is automatically overwritten by new results.
Test Menu. Once the identification data and test setup have
been fulfilled, touch this button to jump into the test execution
screen.
Touch Screen Buttons
Test Storage. Touch this button to jump into the test storage
screen in order to store the test in non-volatile memory or to
retrieve a previously stored test.
All the operation of the PME-500-TR is carried out by means of the ON/OFF switch and
the touch screen buttons in the LCD panel. A description of these buttons follows.
Retrieve test. Load a previously saved test. This will overwrite
the temporary test memory (identification data, setup parameters
and results of the last test performed).
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Operation Manual
Save test. Touch this button to store the contents of the
temporary test memory into one of the three sectors available in
the non-volatile storage area.
Print Menu. Touch this button to jump into the report-printing
submenu, from where you can print the report and feed the
paper.
PME-500-TR
Modifying Data Fields
There are basically two types of data fields in the various setup areas of the PME-500-TR:
Selectable options and free-text fields. Setting options like Open/Close sequences or
possible Debounce values generally require getting into the appropriate menu,
highlighting a field, touching the Edit button, scrolling over a set of possible choices and
confirming the highlighted value with the Enter button:
Paper feed. Press repeatedly to feed paper in small amounts
or hold down for continuous feed.
Free-text fields are entered and modified with the Touch Keyboard.
Exit. Touch to exit the current menu.
Touch Keyboard
TRIP command. Touch to issue an OPEN command of the
specified duration to the circuit breaker.
CLOSE command. Touch to issue a CLOSE command of the
specified duration to the circuit breaker.
When you highlight a text field and touch the Edit button, the Touch Keyboard will
automatically be displayed with the field contents at the bottom. Imagine this as an
upside-down typewriter.
You can now add, delete or insert text characters, and touch the Exit button when you are
done.
Some buttons and combinations, apart from the actual character set, are provided by the
Touch Keyboard to simplify the editing process:
Access to an extended set of symbols and special characters not
included in the basic QWERTY layout. The keyboard will revert to
the regular layout automatically after typing one of these
characters.
Aux 1/2 sense mode. Touch to toggle the detection mode of
Auxiliary inputs #1 or #2. Successive presses will cycle from Dry
Contact to Low Voltage (1.5 to 15 V) to High Voltage (15 to 400
V) detection modes.
Store the present field and put the next field in the menu into the
edition line. This shortcut saves time when more than one field
from a menu (for example, in the Test Identification Data screen)
are to be entered or modified.
Timing Test. Touch to initiate the programmed sequence. The
unit will first clear its memory and rest its internal counters. If
Trigger parameter has been set to other than Operation, the unit
will wait for the specified trigger event to take place. If you touch
the button again now, the test will be cancelled.
Switch between insertion and overwriting modes. The shape of
the cursor will change accordingly.
Move the cursor to the right.
Contact Resistance Measurement. Place the breaker in
closed position and touch this button to perform the contact
resistance measurement.
11
Move the cursor to the left.
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
(O-C), close – open (C-O), open – close – open (O-C-O) and close – open – close (CO-C). Touch the Edit button, highlight a choice using the UP and DOWN arrows and
confirm with Enter.
Store the edited field and exit the Touch Keyboard.
DURATION: Trip and Close command duration, as well as pause length between two
consecutive commands are specified here in 10-ms increments. The specified command
duration will be interrupted and the next pause executed as soon as at least one of the
main contacts completes de command.
Exit the Touch Keyboard without saving the changes made.
Delete the character to the right of the cursor.
The edition space of these fields is limited to a maximum of 51 characters. This length
may only be displayed when the edition menu is entered, as the space available in the
DATA file cannot fit the whole length.
TRIGGER: When you press the START/STOP button to perform a test, the PME-500-TR
will wait for the ‘Trigger event’ to occur before starting the internal timer and the recording
of the changes in the breaker’s contacts. The following choices are available:
ƒ
OPERATION: Data recording starts immediately upon execution of the first
programmed command (Open or Close) after the START/STOP button is
pressed in the TEST menu. This is the most commonly used trigger event when
the breaker’s coil DC supply circuits can be set under the control of the PME500-TR.
ƒ
AUX1(ON) or AUX2(ON): After pressing the START/STOP button, the unit will
stay on hold until a voltage appears or a contact is closed at the selected
auxiliary input.
ƒ
AUX1(OFF), AUX2(OFF): After pressing the START/STOP button, the unit will
stay on hold until any present voltage disappears or the contact is opened at
the selected auxiliary input.
Initial Equipment Setup
The initial setup menu is accessed by pressing both upper corners of the LCD panel
simultaneously. The following setup fields can be changed:
DATE and TIME: Essential for adequate identification and retrieval of printed and saved
tests.
LANGUAGE: Select your preferred operation language here.
COMPANY and CONTACT: Enter the name of your company and the name of a
relevant contact person here.
Auxiliary input events are used when the breaker cannot be controlled from
the PME-500-TR for any reason or simply when the user wants the recorded
times to be referenced to an electrical change different from the sending of the
first TRIP or CLOSE command.
These fields will be printed in the header section of every report.
Breaker Identification Data
ƒ
Access this data menu by touching the DATA tab. The following fields are provided to
describe and identify the tested breaker immediately after the header section of the test
report: Station Name, Circuit Name, Breaker’s Reference, Breaker’s Manufacturer,
Breaker’s Model and Operator’s ID.
DELAYED: Use this option to analyze switchgear that takes more than 2 s. to
complete a maneuver, such as a closing interrupter/breaker combination.
After the first command has been issued to the coil, the data recording can be
delayed until –
o
A change is detected at any main contact (“MAIN CNT”)
Highlight a field and touch the Edit button to enter or modify it.
o
A change is detected at any auxiliary contact (“AUX CNT”)
Test Setup
o
A change is detected at any contact (“ANY CNT”)
o
The time specified in the TRIG. DELAY parameter (see below) is
elapsed (“TIME”)
Touch the SET tab to access this menu. Test sequence, operation parameters for the
breaker and other important setting are defined here:
NOTE: Maximum delay is 18 seconds, regardless the option selected
OPERATION: Select the automatic operation sequence to be carried out and analyzed
on the breaker. Six possible sequences are available: open (O), close (C), open – close
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Operation Manual
REC. LEN: The graphics window’s size in milliseconds is stored here. The smaller the size
(shorter time), the higher the detail, or ZOOM effect of the printed graphics will be.
Graphics representation aperture can be selected among 200, 400, 800, 1600 and
2,000 ms. This field can be modified after the test is done to re-print the report for a better
fit as many times as desired. However, once the test is saved into non-volatile memory, the
recorded data will be truncated to the specified length permanently.
DEBOUNCE T: This field specifies the minimum duration for which any recorded state
(closed, open or pre-insertion) must be held in order to be included in the contact times
listing. This filter prevents the timings print area to overflow and can be chosen among 0,
0.5, 1 and 2 ms. Debounce will not affect the graphic representation of the contacts’
states.
PME-500-TR
users think that they have not touched well and usually retry, sometimes causing the
process to be cancelled.
Once the PME-500-TR has completed this short warm-up process, one of the following
will occur:
a)
If OPERATION was selected as the Trigger Event in the Test Setup menu, the
programmed sequence will be issued to the breaker, the timer will start and the
recording of data will take place immediately.
b)
If you selected any of the AUXiliary inputs as the trigger event, the process will stay
on hold until the specified event takes place at the chosen input. The message
Status: Waiting Trigger will be displayed at this time. If you press the
START/STOP button again now, the process will be cancelled and the message
Status: Test Aborted will be displayed. When the expected event is detected, the
test is initiated.
c)
If you selected the DELAYED option, the programmed sequence will be issued but
no time data will be recorded before the selected contact activity is detected, or the
specified wait time has elapsed, or 18 seconds later, whichever occurs first.
TRIG. DELAY: If you selected DELAYED … TIME at the Trigger menu, you can specify
the wait time here, up to 18.0 s. in 0.1 sec. increments.
Test Execution
Time & Coil Current Analysis
This process consists basically of recording what happens inside the breaker in terms of –
ƒ
Changes in main contacts’ state
ƒ
Changes at auxiliary inputs.
ƒ
Evolution of DC current in the operation coils.
The recording duration is 2 seconds, and the above changes are detected and timestamped at 10 kHz (10,000 samples per second) resolution for timing and 1 kHz for
currents. This duration spans well beyond the TRIP-CLOSE-TRIP sequence of any breaker.
Warn surrounding people nearby before actuating a
medium- or high-voltage circuit breaker.
Once the PME-500-TR is correctly wired to the breaker and the test conditions are set as
explained above, the test procedure is reduced to a few simple steps:
1)
Open the TEST screen by touching the
2)
Touch the
button.
button.
During the first 1 -1 ½ seconds the unit will clear the sampling memory, will check the
breaker’s contact positions and will reset the internal counters. This short delay makes new
15
In any of the above cases, the system’s timer will start exactly when the first programmed
command (Trip or Close) in the test sequence is issued to the breaker. If contacts at the
end of the test are in the expected position, the message Status: Test Done will be
displayed. Otherwise, Status: Error During Test will be displayed instead, so you can
check your connections and settings and try again.
If you have programmed the test sequence to begin with a TRIP operation, ensure that
the breaker is previously placed in its closed position. Reversely, if you are starting with a
CLOSE operation, place the breaker in its open position first. Otherwise, a Status:
Switch Incorrect message will be displayed when the test is attempted. If you have
wired the PME-500-TR’s coil control terminals to the working control circuits of the
breaker, you can issue manual Trip or Close commands to the breaker by touching the
TRIP
or CLOSE
buttons at the bottom of this screen accordingly. No
recording will result from the use of these buttons.
Also at the bottom of this window, buttons
and
are found. If you are using
the auxiliary inputs to detect the Trigger event, you must set the detection mode
according to the type of signal expected in that input. Press the corresponding button
repeatedly to cycle through Dry Contact, Low Voltage (1.5 to 15 V) and High Voltage
((15 to 400 V) modes while you observe the status LEDs next to the duplicate Aux.1 or
Aux.2 connectors.
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Operation Manual
Contact Resistance Measurement
Contact resistance measurement is a separate process that you can carry out whenever
the breaker is closed. Also, the appropriate test leads must be in place, naturally. Refer to
the connection instructions at the beginning of this manual for details on proper cabling.
If the breaker is not closed or not properly connected to the
PME-500-TR, or if the built-in battery is exhausted, you will
get a measurement error message, rather than an
erroneous resistance value.
Refer to the troubleshooting section at the end of this manual if you experience contact
resistance measurement problems.
Error and Status Messages
PME-500-TR
Switch Cooling: Equipment’s Internal switchgear is cooling down (test temporarily not
allowed).
Switch Open Ovld: When current through the trip coil control circuit reaches 53 Adc a
protective mechanism will automatically cut off.
Switch Close Ovld: When current through the close coil control circuit reaches 53 Adc
a protective mechanism will automatically cut off.
Aux1 Overload: Auxiliary input will switch to voltage mode whenever any significant
voltage is detected.
Aux2 Overload: Auxiliary input will switch to voltage mode whenever any significant
voltage is detected.
Test Results
When you first enter the TEST window, the status line displays the present detection mode
of the Auxiliary inputs #1 and #2 with any of the following messages:
Aux1/2,Volt Mode,Hi: Auxiliary input 1/2 set for high voltage (± 15 Vdc).
Aux1/2,Volt Mode,Lo: Auxiliary input 1/2 set up in low voltage (± 1.5 Vdc).
Aux1,Contact Mode: Auxiliary monitor 1 set up in contact mode.
Aux2,Contact Mode: Auxiliary monitor 2 set up in contact mode.
Test results are displayed and printed in graphical and alphanumerical representation.
Numerical data include peak current measured at both coils, chronological list of position
changes in main and auxiliary inputs and the contact resistance values for the three poles
if measured. If you have selected the DELAYED option in the Trigger menu, the event that
determines the beginning of the data capture or the TRIG. DELAY time value will also be
displayed. Chronographic drawing of contact changes and coil current evolution
compose the graphic section of the test results.
Total elapsed time values, rather than partial times, are
displayed in the results report. Time origin is when first
command in the programmed sequence is issued to the
corresponding coil.
Following is a list of possible test-related messages:
Error During Test: An error has occurred during the test. Repeat the test.
Switch Incorrect: The initial position of the main contacts make the first test command
execution impossible.
Test In Progress: This message is displayed during the execution of the operation
sequence.
The printed version of the graphics area shows the chronological evolution of operation
coils currents in a separate time/current grid, and a 5-stroke contact chronogram at the
bottom. A solid black stroke indicates CLOSED contact. For main (1, 2 and 3) contacts,
an intermediate, half-width stroke indicates the actuation of pre-insertion resistors:
Test Done: Test successfully completed (this does not mean a good breaker’s
condition).
Open (“O” prefix in time stamps)
Test Aborted: The user has pressed the START/STOP button a second time.
Pre-insertion (“R” prefix in time stamps)
Switch Close: Circuit breaker closed.
Closed (“C” prefix in time stamps)
For auxiliary inputs only full and empty strokes are used, which corresponds to closed
contact / voltage on and open contact / voltage off, depending on the detection mode
used.
Switch Open: Circuit breaker open
Waiting Trigger: Waiting for the specified trigger event to occur at the selected
auxiliary input.
17
The printed report includes a header with date, breaker’s identification, test setup
parameters and graphics scale.
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
On-screen viewing
When you exit the TEST screen or retrieve a stored test from non-volatile memory, a lowresolution graphical representation of the test results is displayed in the GRAPH window.
This allows you to check for successful completion of the test at a glance. Then, touch the
RES tab to open the numerical results window and use the UP and DOWN arrow buttons
to pan through the contact timing, contact resistance (if measured) and coil current results.
Touch the
button. A list with the contents of the last visited sector S0, S1 or S2 will
be displayed, with the sector’s memory usage value at the bottom, in percentage. You can
now do the following:
S0 S1 S2
Select a sector
Navigate the test list
You can now make cabling and/or setup corrections and repeat the test if necessary, or
save and/or print the test report.
Save the last test done into the selected sector
Printing the test report
Retrieve the highlighted test from the list
Touch the
button in the PRINT menu to print the test Report. Before tearing the
paper band off, feed an additional inch of paper using the
Leave the memory menu
button.
Thermal paper image will quickly fade when exposed to
daylight. Split the report in two halves and make a
photocopy of both sections if you intend to use the printout
for more than a few days.
Storage and retrieval of tests
It is highly recommended to save valid tests in the PME-500-TR non-volatile storage
memory. A total of up to 60 tests can be distributed in three storage sectors S0, S1 and
S2. There is no difference between these sectors. They are provided to allow for some
kind of organization or classification of the tests. Stored tests are kept in memory even if
the internal battery of the unit is fully discharged.
Saved tests include results, settings and identification data, and can be later recalled to
perform new tests in the same or similar breaker with little or not setup modification. For
example, if breakers A, B and C or other similar to these are periodically tested, you can
save their first results in sector 2. Next time you need to test again breaker B or a similar
one, you recall the B test from sector 2, modify a few identification fields or setup
parameters If at all needed, execute the test and save it in sector 0, thus preserving the
original ‘B’ results in sector 2.
Using the PC software
EuroBREAKER™ is a simple Windows-compatible utility included in the PME-500-TR’s
standard accessories that enables the following tasks:
1)
Downloading saved tests from the PME-500-TR non-volatile memory sectors to the
PC for viewing, printing, archiving, exporting, e-mailing etc.
2)
Uploading archived tests in the PC to the non-volatile memory sectors of the PME500-TR to re-utilize their setup and identification date for new tests.
3)
Restoring or uploading new versions of the PME-500-TR firmware to its
microprocessor’s firmware memory.
PC connection
1)
Install the EuroBREAKER™ program in the PC and launch it. The PC must have an
RS-232 port.
2)
Connect the RS-232 port of the PME-500-TR to a free RS-232 port in the PC using
the supplied communications cable and turn the PME-500-TR on. The message
“On line” should be displayed at the lower left corner of the program’s window
within a few seconds. If it does not, click on Configuration / Communications and try
writing a different COM number. If you are using a native, physical DB-9 format
port, this number is usually 1, 2 or 3. If you are converting an USB port, for
example, the number can be higher. To know what numbers have been assigned to
your ports by Windows, use the Device Manager at My Computer’s properties
dialog.
Save your test before doing a new test, retrieving a saved
test or switching the unit off. Otherwise, the test results and
setup data will be permanently lost.
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
unit’s batteries will also recharge at a slower pace and an AC plug icon will be displayed
instead.
Using EuroBREAKER™
Once you have connected the PME-500-TR to your PC, you can
If battery seems to get flat too early after charging the unit
switched off for 4 hours, follow the procedure described in
the Troubleshooting section.
ƒ
Download tests from the PME-500-TR. Select the Import Data From
Equipment option in the File menu. You download complete S0, S1 or S2
sectors, rather than individual tests.
ƒ
View and print downloaded tests. After clicking on the Tests menu,
highlight and double-click one test in the list for viewing, then click on the
PRINT button to send it to the Windows default printer.
Loading Printer Paper
Export to csv (‘comma-separated values’) format. Highlight one
test in the list and click on the Export to .txt button to create a text file with
elementary data separated by commas. This file can be imported from
popular analysis and reporting programs like Microsoft Excel® later on.
Manual feed:
ƒ
ƒ
Save downloaded tests to a file in your hard disk. Select the Save
Data File option in the File menu. One file will be created containing all the
tests from the downloaded sector, though selected tests can be deleted from
the list before saving to a file.
ƒ
Open test files from the hard disk. Click Open Data File in the File
menu and navigate to the appropriate folder. Open the desired file and click
on the Tests option to view, print or delete tests from the test list.
ƒ
Upload selected tests to a PME-500-TR’s non-volatile memory
sector. Click on the Send Data to Equipment option in the File menu.
Warning: this will delete the existing contents of the destination sector in the
PME-500-TR.
ƒ
Restore or update the PME-500-TR’s firmware with a firmware file
previously saved in the PC’s hard disk. Ask for new firmware versions to your
EuroSMC sales representative. Click on the Firmware Update option in the
Configuration menu and follow the firmware update wizard.
Once the update procedure is started, the unit will wait for
the required file to be uploaded indefinitely or until you
reset the microprocessor (refer to the “Microprocessor
Reset” procedure under the Basic Troubleshooting section).
The paper can be manually or automatically fed into the printer.
1)
Unscrew the bolt using a 3 mm. Allen and open
the printer’s cover
2)
Cut the paper edge as shown to make insertion
easier.
3)
Free the rubber roller up by lifting the blue lever
at the right side.
4)
Insert the edge and drag the roller manually to make it turn until the paper comes
out towards you some 8 cm. Paper should come out the roll from below.
5)
Press the blue lever back down to block the paper in position and pull gently
towards you to check that it has no turn.
6)
Drive the free length of paper through the slot in the printer’s lid while you place it
back into position and fasten the retaining screw with your fingers. Do it firmly but
do not use a tool. In this way you’ll be able to remove the screw back by hand
again.
Automatic feed:
1)
Review the manual method above. Do not release the blue lever this time.
2)
Cut the paper as shown below to make insertion easier.
The Rechargeable Battery
The PME-500-TR has a built-in 12 Vdc NiMh battery that automatically recharges itself
whenever the unit is plugged into an AC supply. When the unit is switched off and
plugged in, a battery icon will flash in the upper right corner of the LCD screen, with the
present level of charge being indicated by a shadowed segment. While switched on, the
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Operation Manual
3)
Upon inserting the paper as shown in the figure, the printer will automatically detect
and wind the paper. If it does not, this means that it has not detected the presence
of paper or the blue lever is released.
4)
Once some 4” length has been brought through, release the blue lever and re-align
it if needed.
5)
Engage the lever back down and check for proper alignment by pulling the paper
slowly towards you.
6)
Drive the free length of paper through the slot in the printer’s lid while you place it
back into position and fasten the retaining screw with your fingers. Do it firmly but
do not use a tool. In this way you’ll be able to remove the screw back by hand
again.
PME-500-TR
Technical Characteristics
INPUT SECTION
Main Contacts
Number:
3 inputs + common (earth)
Open Circuit Voltage:
10 V Dc maximum
Test current
100 mA maximum
Detected States:
Closed (C) (r<30 Ω)
Pre-insertion (R) (30 Ω < r < 10 k Ω
Open (O) (r > 10k Ω)
Auxiliary Inputs
Number:
2 completely isolated binary inputs
Contact Mode
Open Circuit Voltage: 5 Vdc
Test current: 20 mA maximum
Voltage Mode:
Range: From ±1.5 to ±400 Vdc
Low activation range: ± 1.5 to ± 15 Vdc
High activation range: ± 15 to ± 400 Vdc
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
BREAKER OPERATION
Close (C)
Programmable sequences:
Current Measurement and Graphical Representation:
Open (O)
Range:
0 – 50 A dc
Close – Open (C – O)
Resolution:
0.1 A (1-kHz sampling frequency)
Open – Close (O – C)
Accuracy:
1 % of range ± 100 mA
Close – Open – Close (C – O – C)
Graphics resolution:
Automatic scale up to 50 mA per vertical mm.
Open – Close – Open (O –C – O)
Contact Resistance Measurement
Time measurement start signal
Coil operation
Auxiliary input 1 ON or OFF
Can be selected between:
Auxiliary input 2 ON or OFF
Position change at any contact input
Automatic range selection in decades from 100.0µΩ to
1,000 µΩ
Resolution:
0.1 µΩ maximum
Accuracy:
± 1% of range ± 1 digit
Measurement current
10 A dc
TOUCH SCREEN, KEYBOARD AND PRINTER
Delay up to 18.0 seconds
Touch Screen
Command Duration Settings
Close, Open, 1st Interval, 2nd Interval
Range:
10 to 2000 ms (in 10-ms steps)
MEASUREMENT
Time Measurement and Graphical Representation
Type:
Transflective Graphical LCD
Dimensions:
113 x 61 cm.
Color:
Black & White
Lighting:
CCFL
Graphics window length:
Selectable between 100 ms, 200 ms, 400 ms, 800 ms,
1600 ms and 2000 ms
Time resolution:
± 0.1 ms (10 kHz sampling frequency)
Printing technology:
Thermal
Accuracy:
± 0.05 % ± 0.1 ms
Paper width:
Standard 110-mm wide continuous roll.
Graphics resolution:
0.8 ms per mm
Maximum roll diameter
40 mm
25
Built-in printer
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Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
Basic Troubleshooting
Easy diagnostics and common self-assistance procedures are described here.
PHYSICAL EQUIPMENT OVERVIEW
Basic troubleshooting can be conducted on the front panel and in the internal assembly.
The front panel
1. Unscrew the 6 Allen bolts highlighted
in the picture.
2. Grab the grounding connector and lift
the front panel some 5 cm.
3. Undo the ribbon connection
underneath the right edge of the front
panel.
Accessing the internal assembly
Fuses and other connections are found here that could require basic service. No
disassembly of these internal components should be ever required nor performed by the
user for basic troubleshooting. For troublesome situations beyond those covered here,
please contact always EuroSMC or your local dealer.
To access the internals of the instrument, you must first remove the front panel as
described here:
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28
4. Turn the panel up over its right hand
side and note the wire connections
before undoing them.
Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
PROBLEMS, CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS
Internal fuses
Symptom
Possible cause
Exhaust battery
Connect to a 100240 VAC supply.
The unit will not power up
Main supply fuses L or N
possibly blown (see the
diagram)
Replace the blown
fuse(s)
Poor battery performance
Misadjusted level control
See procedure #5
below
The battery doesn’t come to
any charge
10 A battery fuse blown (see
the diagram)
Replace the blown
fuse(s)
Nothing is displayed
Contrast setting too low or
too high
Reset and/or adjust
the contrast (see
procedures #1 and
#2 below)
Hang microprocessor
RESET (see
procedure #3
below)
Loose data connection (see
the diagram)
Reassure the ribbon
connector
Command duration is set to
zero or too short
Set a valid duration
(see procedure #4
below)
Blown + (FS05, FS06 – 20 A
slow) or GROUND (FS09,
FS10 BTF) close or trip fuses
(see the diagram)
Replace the blown
fuse(s) or repair
(BTF)
Inconsistent initial breaker’s
position
Close or open to
match the first
command in
sequence
Both sides of breaker are
grounded
Disconnect from
ground the side
with the black
terminals
No response from the touch
panel
The unit cannot be switched off
No printing
Close or open commands are
not executed by the breaker
“Switch incorrect” message
upon start of test
29
Solution
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Operation Manual
No time recordings for one or
two breaker’s main contacts
Channel protection fuses
FS01, FS02 or FS03 (4 A
slow) blown (see the diagram)
Replace the blown
fuse(s)
No time recordings for any
main contacts
Common main contact fuses
(FS04, 5 A slow) blown (see
the diagram)
Replace the blown
fuse(s)
Dirty, defective or misaligned
contacts
Submit the breaker
to maintenance
“R” and “C” terminals in
wrong position
Refer to the
connections section
Unable to perform a reliable
resistance reading
Check for loose
connections
Resistance value too big
~~~ message
displayed or
printed
No
resistance
measurement from
one or two
main
contacts
No
resistance
measurement from
any main
contacts
Vsns? message
displayed or
printed
R>>> message
displayed or
printed (Time will
not be recorded
either)
Vsns? message
displayed or
printed
R>>> message
displayed or
printed (Time will
not be recorded
either)
AUX1 or AUX2 record no event
50 mA FAST fuses for
channel 1 (PF01 or PF04),
channel 2 (PF02, PF05) or
channel 3 (PF03, PF06) (see
the diagram)
PME-500-TR
Check your cabling from the instrument to the circuit
breaker and repeat the test before suspecting of a blown
fuse. A bad or missing contact to a test point can produce
the same symptoms as a blown fuse.
Use only fuses with the same rate and type as the ones
replaced. Failure to do this may invalidate the warranty.
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES
1. Display Contrast RESET
For an easier display contrast adjustment it is recommended to reset the factory contrast
setting first. This procedure restores the “center” contrast position and then sets the
maximum and minimum adjustable values to our preferences.
1)
Press
simultaneously until you hear a short beep. The center contrast
value has now been set.
2)
Press and hold
the display.
3)
Press
and
to store the maximum adjustable contrast value in memory.
A short beep should be heard.
4)
Again, press and hold
reached by the display.
5)
Press
and
to store the minimum adjustable contrast value in memory.
A short beep should be heard.
Replace the blown
fuse(s)
Channel protection fuses
FS01, FS02 or FS03 (4 A
slow) blown (see the diagram)
Common 50 mA FAST PF07
fuse blown (see the diagram)
Common main contact fuses
(FS04, 5 A slow) blown (see
the diagram)
+ (PF08, PF09 – 50 mA
FAST) or GROUND (FS07,
FS08 BTF) aux input fuses
(see the diagram)
Replace the blown
fuse(s)
Replace the blown
fuse(s) or repair
(BTF)
31
until the desired maximum adjustable contrast is reached by
until the desired minimum adjustable contrast is
2. Adjusting the Display Contrast
Once the max and min contrast adjustment values have been set with the above
procedure, you can easily regulate the display contrast between those limits to better
adapt the readability of the display to the surrounding light conditions. Beware that the
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Operation Manual
adjustment direction toggles each time the
key is pressed. This means that you will
not be able to effectively adjust the contrast with repetitive key presses. Instead, keep the
key pressed while watching the display. To invert the adjustment direction, simply release
and hold the key again until the desired contrast is attained.
PME-500-TR
refer to the PME-500-TR user’s manual for a better understanding of these
commands in the context of circuit breaker testing.
4)
3. RESETting the Microprocessor
Increase or decrease the duration time with the
steps and confirm the desired value touching the ENTER
A ‘hang’ microprocessor will cause the unit not to respond to the touch panel nor to the
ON/OFF switch. An internal RESET pushbutton is provided to recover the normal unit’s
operation. Do the following to access and use the RESET button:
5)
arrow keys in 10-ms
button.
Repeat the above steps 3 thru 4 until you are done with all the changes. Then, use
the arrows to highlight the word EXIT and press ENTER
DURATION adjustment menu.
to leave the
1)
Disconnect the unit from any external AC supply.
2)
Remove the 6 4-mm Allen bolts that lock the front panel.
5. Resetting the recharge controller
3)
Grab the golden ground connector firmly and gently lift the front panel until a soft
stop is reached. Slide now the panel a little bit to the right so it can be further lifted
for a 3 to 4 mm aperture in the front edge. The 8-mm RESET button will then be
visible upside-down underneath the panel.
The PME-500-TR features an internal statistic control that prevents the battery from
overcharging. The calculations made by this protection can accumulate errors that may
eventually shorten the allowed recharge time excessively. The following procedure resets
the statistic counters to restore the charging time to the maximum:
4)
Press the RESET button for a short while and rest the panel in place.
5)
Check the unit for correct operation and lock the panel in place with the Allen bolts.
Do not overtighten them.
1)
4. CLOSE & TRIP Command Duration
Turn the unit off and plug the power cord into an AC outlet. The charging
symbol will flash in the upper right corner of the LCD screen. When this symbol
disappears, unplug and plug the AC cord, and wait for the charging icon to
disappear again.
2)
The PME-500-TR’s factory settings include zero (0 ms) duration for the trip and close
command. This makes impossible to drive a circuit breaker’s operating coils for testing
and can lead to the erroneous conclusion that the unit is damaged or not working
properly. Do the following to set valid command duration values:
Unplug the power cord, turn the PME-500-TR on and wait until it switches itself
off by lack of power. Do not use the backlight.
3)
Plug the AC cord in and turn the unit on. Go to the
1)
Touch the SET tab to go into the Test Settings Menu.
2)
Highlight the “Duration” tag using the arrow
underneath the lower corners of the
internal counters screen, as shown below:
keys and touch the
key. The word EXIT and a list with the 4 programmable commands
MODIFY
will be displayed.
3)
Using the arrow
keys, highlight the command (CLOSE, OPEN, INT1,
button. The
INT2) whose duration you want to set and touch the MODIFY
selected command’s present duration in milliseconds will be highlighted. Please
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34
menu and touch
button to display the
Operation Manual
PME-500-TR
After-sales Service and Warranty
WARRANTY
This is an expression of trust that our products obtain, based on the reliability and
functionality standards that our customers expect.
The warranty covers the free replacement or repair of defective components for one year
in the terms specified in the supplied warranty statement and registration card.
Damages resulting from improper handling of the product, use outside the scope and
limits of the product’s specifications, negligence, installation not in accordance with the
standards or warnings listed in the Instructions Manual and servicing or manipulation by
unauthorized persons are not covered by the warranty.
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
EUROSMC guarantees the supply of materials and components for its products up to 3
years after discontinuation. This support is extendable to 5 years for technical service.
OTHER EUROSMC PRODUCTS
Portable Relay Test Equipment and Software
Primary injection units up to 20,000 A
4)
5)
Turn the unit off. The counters screen will stay displayed with numbers showing
the charging progression. The recharging symbol will also be flashing at the
upper right corner.
Wait until the display vanishes out, so indicating the end of a complete
recharge.
You only need to repeat the above steps whenever you experience too short a battery
life after a full 4-hour recharge cycle with the unit switched off.
35
Digital handheld chronometer.
Digital handheld phase angle meter
Digital Portable microhmeter up to 100 A Test current.
Test systems for automatic miniature circuit breakers.
Voltage and current regulation equipment.
Step & Touch Voltage measurement equipment
36
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